Bronchial Provocation Tests
Respiratory Tract Infections
Analysis with a combination of macrorestriction endonucleases reveals a high degree of polymorphism among Bordetella pertussis isolates in eastern France. (1/815)From 1990 to 1996, routine screening for whooping cough identified 399 patients with a calmodulin-dependent adenylate cyclase-positive test result and yielded 69 Bordetella pertussis isolates. None of the patients were fully vaccinated, and most were less than 6 months old. Analysis of total DNA by pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE) after XbaI, SpeI, or DraI macrorestriction yielded 19, 15, and 5 different patterns, respectively, whereas ribotyping failed to demonstrate any strain polymorphism. Discrimination among the isolates was improved by combining the PFGE profiles. Some patterns were more frequent, but the corresponding patients were not clearly epidemiologically related. The patterns for two strains obtained during a 3-month period from patients who were neighbors differed by the length of a single DNA fragment. These data strongly suggest that one type of isolate is widely spread throughout the world and is carried by individuals other than patients who develop a true illness. (+info)
Serum IgG antibody responses to pertussis toxin and filamentous hemagglutinin in nonvaccinated and vaccinated children and adults with pertussis. (2/815)Levels of IgG antibody to pertussis toxin (PT) and filamentous hemagglutinin (FHA) were measured in paired serum samples from 781 patients fulfilling at least one laboratory criterion for pertussis that was suggested by an ad hoc committee sponsored by the World Health Organization. The patients were participants or family members of participants in a double-blind efficacy trial of a monocomponent pertussis toxoid vaccine. Of 596 nonvaccinated children, 90% had significant (two-fold or more) rises in PT IgG and FHA IgG levels. Only 17 (32%) of 53 children previously vaccinated with three doses of pertussis toxoid had rises in PT IgG levels because they already had elevated PT IgG levels in their acute-phase serum samples. PT IgG and FHA IgG levels were significantly higher in acute-phase serum samples from 29 adults than in acute-phase serum samples from the nonvaccinated children. Nevertheless, significant rises in levels of PT IgG (79% of samples) and FHA IgG (90%) were demonstrated in adults. In conclusion, assay of PT IgG and FHA IgG in paired serum samples is highly sensitive for diagnosing pertussis in nonvaccinated individuals. Assay of PT IgG levels in paired sera is significantly less sensitive for diagnosis of pertussis for children vaccinated with pertussis toxoid. (+info)
Evidence of efficacy of the Lederle/Takeda acellular pertussis component diphtheria and tetanus toxoids and pertussis vaccine but not the Lederle whole-cell component diphtheria and tetanus toxoids and pertussis vaccine against Bordetella parapertussis infection. (3/815)A subanalysis of a recent cohort efficacy trial of a pertussis vaccine was performed to determine its efficacy against cough illnesses due to Bordetella parapertussis infections. Infants received four doses of either the Lederle/Takeda acellular pertussis component diphtheria and tetanus toxoids and pertussis (DTaP) vaccine or the Lederle whole-cell component diphtheria and tetanus toxoids and pertussis (DTP) vaccine at 3, 4.5, 6, and 15-18 months of age; controls received three doses of diphtheria and tetanus toxoids (DT) vaccine only. All subjects were prospectively followed for cough illnesses of > or = 7 days' duration; cases of B. parapertussis infection were confirmed by positive culture, household contact, or serology. Seventy-six cough illnesses due to B. parapertussis were identified; 24 occurred in 929 DTaP recipients, 37 in 937 DTP recipients, and 15 in 321 DT recipients, resulting in an efficacy of 50% for DTaP vaccine (95% CI [confidence interval], 5% to 74%) and 21% for DTP vaccine (95% CI, -45% to 56%). The data in the present analysis suggest that the Lederle/Takeda DTaP vaccine but not the Lederle whole-cell component DTP vaccine has efficacy against B. parapertussis infection. (+info)
Capture-recapture method for estimating misclassification errors: application to the measurement of vaccine efficacy in randomized controlled trials. (4/815)BACKGROUND: The measure of efficacy is optimally performed by randomized controlled trials. However, low specificity of the judgement criteria is known to bias toward lower estimation, while low sensitivity increases the required sample size. A common technique for ensuring good specificity without a drop in sensitivity is to use several diagnostic tests in parallel, with each of them being specific. This approach is similar to the more general situation of case-counting from multiple data sources, and this paper explores the application of the capture-recapture method for the analysis of the estimates of efficacy. METHOD: An illustration of this application is derived from a study on the efficacy of pertussis vaccines where the outcome was based on > or =21 days of cough confirmed by at least one of three criteria performed independently for each subject: bacteriology, serology, or epidemiological link. Log-linear methods were applied to these data considered as three sources of information. RESULTS: The best model considered the three simple effects and an interaction term between bacteriology and epidemiological linkage. Among the 801 children experiencing > or =21 days of cough, it was estimated that 93 cases were missed, leading to a corrected total of 413 confirmed cases. The relative vaccine efficacy estimated from the same model was 1.50 (95% confidence interval: 1.24-1.82), similar to the crude estimate of 1.59 and confirming better protection afforded by one of the two vaccines. CONCLUSION: This method allows supporting analysis to interpret primary estimates of vaccine efficacy. (+info)
Pertussis is increasing in unimmunized infants: is a change in policy needed? (5/815)The proportion and trend in absolute number of pertussis notifications in young infants has increased each year in England and Wales since the accelerated immunization schedule was introduced. We report five infants all less than 3 months of age admitted with life threatening pertussis infection to two paediatric intensive care units. Despite aggressive cardiorespiratory support measures, three of the infants died. Pertussis remains a significant cause of morbidity and mortality in unimmunized infants. In this age group presentation is likely to be atypical and infection more severe. Public health measures to prevent the disease could be strengthened. Chemoprophylaxis should be offered to susceptible contacts and booster vaccinations against pertussis considered. (+info)
Respiratory diseases among U.S. military personnel: countering emerging threats. (6/815)Emerging respiratory disease agents, increased antibiotic resistance, and the loss of effective vaccines threaten to increase the incidence of respiratory disease in military personnel. We examine six respiratory pathogens (adenoviruses, influenza viruses, Streptococcus pneumoniae, Streptococcus pyogenes, Mycoplasma pneumoniae, and Bordetella pertussis) and review the impact of the diseases they cause, past efforts to control these diseases in U.S. military personnel, as well as current treatment and surveillance strategies, limitations in diagnostic testing, and vaccine needs. (+info)
Bordetella holmesii-like organisms isolated from Massachusetts patients with pertussis-like symptoms. (7/815)We isolated Bordetella holmesii, generally associated with septicemia in patients with underlying conditions, from nasopharyngeal specimens of otherwise healthy young persons with a cough. The proportion of B. holmesii-positive specimens submitted to the Massachusetts State Laboratory Institute increased from 1995 to 1998. (+info)
Stochastic dynamics and a power law for measles variability. (8/815)Since the discovery of a power law scaling between the mean and variance of natural populations, this phenomenon has been observed for a variety of species. Here, we show that the same form of power law scaling also occurs in measles case reports in England and Wales. Remarkably this power law holds over four orders of magnitude. We consider how the natural experiment of vaccination affects the slope of the power law. By examining simple generic models, we are able to predict the effects of stochasticity and coupling and we propose a new phenomenon associated with the critical community size. (+info)
The term cough is used to describe a wide range of symptoms that can be caused by various conditions affecting the respiratory system. Coughs can be classified as either dry or productive, depending on whether they produce mucus or not. Dry coughs are often described as hacking, barking, or non-productive, while productive coughs are those that bring up mucus or other substances from the lungs or airways.
Causes of Cough:
There are many potential causes of cough, including:
* Upper respiratory tract infections such as the common cold and influenza
* Lower respiratory tract infections such as bronchitis and pneumonia
* Allergies, including hay fever and allergic rhinitis
* Asthma and other chronic lung conditions
* Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), which can cause coughing due to stomach acid flowing back up into the throat
* Environmental factors such as smoke, dust, and pollution
* Medications such as ACE inhibitors and beta blockers.
Symptoms of Cough:
In addition to the characteristic forceful expulsion of air from the lungs, coughs can be accompanied by a range of other symptoms that may include:
* Chest tightness or discomfort
* Shortness of breath or wheezing
* Fatigue and exhaustion
* Sore throat or hoarseness
* Coughing up mucus or other substances.
Diagnosis and Treatment of Cough:
The diagnosis and treatment of cough will depend on the underlying cause. In some cases, a cough may be a symptom of a more serious condition that requires medical attention, such as pneumonia or asthma. In other cases, a cough may be caused by a minor infection or allergy that can be treated with over-the-counter medications and self-care measures.
Some common treatments for cough include:
* Cough suppressants such as dextromethorphan or pholcodine to relieve the urge to cough
* Expectorants such as guaifenesin to help loosen and clear mucus from the airways
* Antihistamines to reduce the severity of allergic reactions and help relieve a cough.
* Antibiotics if the cough is caused by a bacterial infection
* Inhalers and nebulizers to deliver medication directly to the lungs.
It is important to note that while cough can be a symptom of a serious condition, it is not always necessary to see a doctor for a cough. However, if you experience any of the following, you should seek medical attention:
* A persistent and severe cough that lasts for more than a few days or weeks
* A cough that worsens at night or with exertion
* Coughing up blood or mucus that is thick and yellow or greenish in color
* Shortness of breath or chest pain
* Fever, chills, or body aches that are severe or persistent.
It is also important to note that while over-the-counter medications can provide relief from symptoms, they may not address the underlying cause of the cough. If you have a persistent or severe cough, it is important to see a doctor to determine the cause and receive proper treatment.
Symptoms of whooping cough typically appear within 7-14 days after exposure and may include:
* Mild fever
* Runny nose
* Dry, irritating cough that progresses to spasmodic, convulsive coughing fits
* Vomiting after coughing
* Apnea (pause in breathing)
In infants, the symptoms may be milder and include:
* Mild fever
* Lack of appetite
* Cyanosis (blue discoloration of the skin)
If left untreated, whooping cough can lead to serious complications such as pneumonia, seizures, and brain damage. Diagnosis is based on a combination of clinical findings, laboratory tests, and medical imaging. Treatment typically involves antibiotics and supportive care to manage symptoms and prevent complications.
Prevention measures include immunization with the pertussis vaccine, which is routinely given to infants and children in early childhood, as well as booster shots during adolescence and adulthood. Good hygiene practices, such as frequent handwashing and avoiding close contact with people who are sick, can also help prevent the spread of the disease.
Respiratory sounds can help healthcare providers diagnose and manage respiratory conditions, such as asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), and pneumonia. By listening to the sounds of a patient's breathing, healthcare providers can identify abnormalities in lung function, airway obstruction, or inflammation.
Types of Respiratory Sounds:
1. Vesicular Sounds:
a. Inspiratory wheeze: A high-pitched whistling sound heard during inspiration, usually indicative of bronchial asthma or COPD.
b. Expiratory wheeze: A low-pitched whistling sound heard during expiration, typically seen in patients with chronic bronchitis or emphysema.
c. Decreased vocal fremitus: A decrease in the normal vibratory sounds heard over the lung fields during breathing, which can indicate fluid or consolidation in the lungs.
2. Adventitious Sounds:
a. Crackles (rales): High-pitched, bubbly sounds heard during inspiration and expiration, indicating fluid or air in the alveoli.
b. Rhonchi: Low-pitched, harsh sounds heard during inspiration and expiration, often indicative of bronchitis, pneumonia, or COPD.
c. Stridors: High-pitched, squeaky sounds heard during breathing, commonly seen in patients with inflammatory conditions such as pneumonia or tuberculosis.
It's important to note that the interpretation of lung sounds requires a thorough understanding of respiratory physiology and pathophysiology, as well as clinical experience and expertise. A healthcare professional, such as a nurse or respiratory therapist, should always be consulted for an accurate diagnosis and treatment plan.
Acute bronchitis is a short-term infection that is usually caused by a virus or bacteria, and can be treated with antibiotics and supportive care such as rest, hydration, and over-the-counter pain relievers. Chronic bronchitis, on the other hand, is a long-term condition that is often associated with smoking and can lead to chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD).
Bronchitis can cause a range of symptoms including:
* Persistent cough, which may be dry or produce mucus
* Chest tightness or discomfort
* Shortness of breath or wheezing
* Fatigue and fever
* Headache and body aches
The diagnosis of bronchitis is usually made based on a physical examination, medical history, and results of diagnostic tests such as chest X-rays and pulmonary function tests. Treatment for bronchitis typically focuses on relieving symptoms and managing the underlying cause, such as a bacterial infection or smoking cessation.
Bronchitis can be caused by a variety of factors, including:
* Viral infections, such as the common cold or flu
* Bacterial infections, such as pneumonia
* Smoking and exposure to environmental pollutants
* Asthma and other allergic conditions
* Chronic lung diseases, such as COPD
Preventive measures for bronchitis include:
* Quitting smoking and avoiding exposure to secondhand smoke
* Getting vaccinated against flu and pneumonia
* Practicing good hygiene, such as washing hands frequently
* Avoiding exposure to environmental pollutants
* Managing underlying conditions such as asthma and allergies.
Asthma can cause recurring episodes of wheezing, coughing, chest tightness, and shortness of breath. These symptoms occur when the muscles surrounding the airways contract, causing the airways to narrow and swell. This can be triggered by exposure to environmental allergens or irritants such as pollen, dust mites, pet dander, or respiratory infections.
There is no cure for asthma, but it can be managed with medication and lifestyle changes. Treatment typically includes inhaled corticosteroids to reduce inflammation, bronchodilators to open up the airways, and rescue medications to relieve symptoms during an asthma attack.
Asthma is a common condition that affects people of all ages, but it is most commonly diagnosed in children. According to the American Lung Association, more than 25 million Americans have asthma, and it is the third leading cause of hospitalization for children under the age of 18.
While there is no cure for asthma, early diagnosis and proper treatment can help manage symptoms and improve quality of life for those affected by the condition.
The burden of chronic diseases is significant, with over 70% of deaths worldwide attributed to them, according to the World Health Organization (WHO). In addition to the physical and emotional toll they take on individuals and their families, chronic diseases also pose a significant economic burden, accounting for a large proportion of healthcare expenditure.
In this article, we will explore the definition and impact of chronic diseases, as well as strategies for managing and living with them. We will also discuss the importance of early detection and prevention, as well as the role of healthcare providers in addressing the needs of individuals with chronic diseases.
What is a Chronic Disease?
A chronic disease is a condition that lasts for an extended period of time, often affecting daily life and activities. Unlike acute diseases, which have a specific beginning and end, chronic diseases are long-term and persistent. Examples of chronic diseases include:
2. Heart disease
6. Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)
7. Chronic kidney disease (CKD)
Impact of Chronic Diseases
The burden of chronic diseases is significant, with over 70% of deaths worldwide attributed to them, according to the WHO. In addition to the physical and emotional toll they take on individuals and their families, chronic diseases also pose a significant economic burden, accounting for a large proportion of healthcare expenditure.
Chronic diseases can also have a significant impact on an individual's quality of life, limiting their ability to participate in activities they enjoy and affecting their relationships with family and friends. Moreover, the financial burden of chronic diseases can lead to poverty and reduce economic productivity, thus having a broader societal impact.
Addressing Chronic Diseases
Given the significant burden of chronic diseases, it is essential that we address them effectively. This requires a multi-faceted approach that includes:
1. Lifestyle modifications: Encouraging healthy behaviors such as regular physical activity, a balanced diet, and smoking cessation can help prevent and manage chronic diseases.
2. Early detection and diagnosis: Identifying risk factors and detecting diseases early can help prevent or delay their progression.
3. Medication management: Effective medication management is crucial for controlling symptoms and slowing disease progression.
4. Multi-disciplinary care: Collaboration between healthcare providers, patients, and families is essential for managing chronic diseases.
5. Health promotion and disease prevention: Educating individuals about the risks of chronic diseases and promoting healthy behaviors can help prevent their onset.
6. Addressing social determinants of health: Social determinants such as poverty, education, and employment can have a significant impact on health outcomes. Addressing these factors is essential for reducing health disparities and improving overall health.
7. Investing in healthcare infrastructure: Investing in healthcare infrastructure, technology, and research is necessary to improve disease detection, diagnosis, and treatment.
8. Encouraging policy change: Policy changes can help create supportive environments for healthy behaviors and reduce the burden of chronic diseases.
9. Increasing public awareness: Raising public awareness about the risks and consequences of chronic diseases can help individuals make informed decisions about their health.
10. Providing support for caregivers: Chronic diseases can have a significant impact on family members and caregivers, so providing them with support is essential for improving overall health outcomes.
Chronic diseases are a major public health burden that affect millions of people worldwide. Addressing these diseases requires a multi-faceted approach that includes lifestyle changes, addressing social determinants of health, investing in healthcare infrastructure, encouraging policy change, increasing public awareness, and providing support for caregivers. By taking a comprehensive approach to chronic disease prevention and management, we can improve the health and well-being of individuals and communities worldwide.
The symptoms of the common cold can vary depending on the individual and the virus that is causing the infection. Some of the most typical symptoms include:
Fever (less than 102°F)
Runny or stuffy nose
The common cold is usually diagnosed based on symptoms and medical history. There is no cure for the common cold, but over-the-counter medications can help alleviate some of the symptoms. Antiviral medications are not effective against the common cold because it is caused by a virus, not bacteria.
Preventive measures for the common cold include:
Washing your hands frequently
Avoiding close contact with people who have colds
Not touching your eyes, nose, or mouth
Getting enough sleep
Eating a healthy diet
There are many myths and misconceptions about the common cold that can lead to confusion and inappropriate treatment. Some of these include:
Chicken soup is not an effective treatment for colds.
Antibiotics do not work against viral infections such as the common cold.
Over-the-counter medications such as decongestants and antihistamines can have side effects and are not always effective.
Drinking plenty of fluids does help to thin out mucus and keep your body hydrated, but it will not cure a cold.
The common cold is usually a self-limiting illness that resolves on its own within one week. However, people with weakened immune systems or other underlying health conditions may experience more severe symptoms or complications such as bronchitis, pneumonia, or sinusitis. In these cases, medical attention may be necessary.
Some common examples of respiratory tract diseases include:
1. Pneumonia: An infection of the lungs that can be caused by bacteria, viruses, or fungi.
2. Bronchitis: Inflammation of the airways (bronchi) that can cause coughing, wheezing, and difficulty breathing.
3. Asthma: A chronic condition that causes inflammation and narrowing of the airways, leading to symptoms such as wheezing, coughing, and shortness of breath.
4. Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD): A progressive condition that makes it difficult to breathe due to damage to the lungs over time.
5. Tuberculosis: An infectious disease caused by the bacteria Mycobacterium tuberculosis that primarily affects the lungs.
6. Laryngitis: Inflammation of the voice box (larynx) that can cause hoarseness and difficulty speaking.
7. Tracheitis: Inflammation of the trachea, or windpipe, that can cause coughing, fever, and difficulty breathing.
8. Croup: An infection of the throat and lungs that can cause a barky cough and difficulty breathing.
9. Pleurisy: Inflammation of the lining around the lungs (pleura) that can cause chest pain, fever, and difficulty breathing.
10. Pertussis (whooping cough): An infectious disease caused by the bacteria Bordetella pertussis that can cause coughing fits and difficulty breathing.
These are just a few examples of the many different types of respiratory tract diseases that exist. Each one has its own unique symptoms, causes, and treatment options.
The common types of RTIs include:
1. Common cold: A viral infection that affects the upper respiratory tract, causing symptoms such as runny nose, sneezing, coughing, and mild fever.
2. Influenza (flu): A viral infection that can affect both the upper and lower respiratory tract, causing symptoms such as fever, cough, sore throat, and body aches.
3. Bronchitis: An inflammation of the bronchial tubes, which can be caused by viruses or bacteria, resulting in symptoms such as coughing, wheezing, and shortness of breath.
4. Pneumonia: An infection of the lungs that can be caused by bacteria, viruses, or fungi, leading to symptoms such as fever, chills, coughing, and difficulty breathing.
5. Tonsillitis: An inflammation of the tonsils, which can be caused by bacteria or viruses, resulting in symptoms such as sore throat, difficulty swallowing, and bad breath.
6. Sinusitis: An inflammation of the sinuses, which can be caused by viruses, bacteria, or fungi, leading to symptoms such as headache, facial pain, and nasal congestion.
7. Laryngitis: An inflammation of the larynx (voice box), which can be caused by viruses or bacteria, resulting in symptoms such as hoarseness, loss of voice, and difficulty speaking.
RTIs can be diagnosed through physical examination, medical history, and diagnostic tests such as chest X-rays, blood tests, and nasal swab cultures. Treatment for RTIs depends on the underlying cause and may include antibiotics, antiviral medications, and supportive care to manage symptoms.
It's important to note that RTIs can be contagious and can spread through contact with an infected person or by touching contaminated surfaces. Therefore, it's essential to practice good hygiene, such as washing hands frequently, covering the mouth and nose when coughing or sneezing, and avoiding close contact with people who are sick.
Some common examples of respiration disorders include:
1. Asthma: A chronic condition that causes inflammation and narrowing of the airways, leading to wheezing, coughing, and shortness of breath.
2. Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD): A progressive lung disease that makes it difficult to breathe, caused by exposure to pollutants such as cigarette smoke.
3. Pneumonia: An infection of the lungs that can cause fever, chills, and difficulty breathing.
4. Bronchitis: Inflammation of the airways that can cause coughing and difficulty breathing.
5. Emphysema: A condition where the air sacs in the lungs are damaged, making it difficult to breathe.
6. Sleep apnea: A sleep disorder that causes a person to stop breathing for short periods during sleep, leading to fatigue and other symptoms.
7. Cystic fibrosis: A genetic disorder that affects the respiratory system and digestive system, causing thick mucus buildup and difficulty breathing.
8. Pulmonary fibrosis: A condition where the lungs become scarred and stiff, making it difficult to breathe.
9. Tuberculosis (TB): A bacterial infection that primarily affects the lungs and can cause coughing, fever, and difficulty breathing.
10. Lung cancer: A type of cancer that originates in the lungs and can cause symptoms such as coughing, chest pain, and difficulty breathing.
These are just a few examples of respiration disorders, and there are many other conditions that can affect the respiratory system and cause breathing difficulties. If you are experiencing any symptoms of respiration disorders, it is important to seek medical attention to receive an accurate diagnosis and appropriate treatment.
The Girl with the Whooping Cough
National Microbiology Laboratory
Jason St. Amour
Gaafar Ibnauf Children's Emergency Hospital
Immunization during pregnancy
Warnings About Vaccination Expectations NZ
Polymerase chain reaction
Australian Vaccination-risks Network
James Howard Brown
Children's Hospital of Philadelphia
John Stewart Kennedy
Eleanor Albert Bliss
Filamentous haemagglutinin adhesin
Blackleach Country Park
Pieter van Woensel (doctor)
Haemagglutination activity domain
Elizabeth Balfour (midwife)
1900 in the United States
Ellis Island Immigrant Hospital
Immunization of School Pupils Act
History of medicine in the United States
1510 influenza pandemic
History of medicine
Monkey Island 2: LeChuck's Revenge
Whooping Cough | Pertussis | Whooping Cough Symptoms | MedlinePlus
Whooping Cough (Pertussis) | CDC
Photos of Whooping Cough (Pertussis) | CDC
Case of whooping cough reported at Carmel High School
UPDATES:WHOOPING COUGH ON THE INCREASE - Healthy.net
Northwest Now | Whooping Cough - May 14 | Season 3 | Episode 307 | PBS
Whooping Cough: What Parents Need to Know - HealthyChildren.org
Pertussis (Whooping Cough)
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Health officials: California baby dies from whooping cough
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Pertussis / Whooping Cough | CDC Yellow Book 2024
Whooping Cough | Douglas County, WI - Official Website
A human airway mucosa tissue model to investigate whooping cough | European Respiratory Society
Pertussis (Whooping Cough)
Pertussis (Whooping Cough) | NIH: National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases
Pregnant Women Should Get Whooping Cough Shot, Panel Says - FluTrackers News and Information
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AM Update: Whooping Cough Concerns, Voter Registration Laws, Clemens Plays Ball With Son | KUT Radio, Austin's NPR Station
Whooping cough vaccine does not prevent disease - it causes more severe outbreaks - Health Supreme
Only 30% of Adults Have Received a Whooping Cough Vaccination; More Needed to Protect People at Highest Risk | American Lung...
Whooping Cough Outbreak in Reno County Persists
8 whooping cough cases confirmed at Davie High - Davie County Enterprise Record | Davie County Enterprise Record
Number of new Calif. whooping cough cases continues downward trend | LAist - NPR News for Southern California - 89.3 FM
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Pertussis (Whooping Cough) - Diversey
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- Whooping cough, or pertussis, is a respiratory infection that can cause coughing fits. (medlineplus.gov)
- Whooping cough is caused by a type of bacteria called Bordetella pertussis. (medlineplus.gov)
- People who have pertussis usually spread it through coughing, sneezing, or breathing very close to someone. (medlineplus.gov)
- If you get pertussis, you are contagious for about 2 weeks after you start coughing. (medlineplus.gov)
- Whooping cough (pertussis) can cause serious illness in people of all ages but is most dangerous for babies. (cdc.gov)
- Child with broken blood vessels in eyes and bruising on face due to pertussis coughing. (cdc.gov)
- In classic pertussis disease, mild upper respiratory tract symptoms typically begin 7-10 days (range 5-21 days) after exposure (catarrhal stage), after which a cough develops and becomes paroxysmal (paroxysmal stage). (cdc.gov)
- The clinical case definition for pertussis includes cough for ≥2 weeks with paroxysms, whoop, post-tussive vomiting, or apnea with or without cyanosis. (cdc.gov)
- Whooping cough pertussis is on the increase in the US despite a programme of compulsory vaccination. (healthy.net)
- Pertussis, or whooping cough, is caused by bacteria that attack the lining of the breathing passages. (healthychildren.org)
- The intense coughing scatters the pertussis bacteria into the air, and can spread the disease to others. (healthychildren.org)
- Young infants with pertussis may have episodes where they appear to stop breathing or have vomiting after a long bout of coughs. (healthychildren.org)
- The cough of pertussis, which has also been called the '100 day cough,' may not disappear for months, and may return with future respiratory infections. (healthychildren.org)
- Pertussis, also known as whooping cough, is a highly contagious respiratory disease. (nih.gov)
- Pertussis is known for uncontrollable, violent coughing that often makes it hard to breathe. (nih.gov)
- After fits of many coughs, someone with pertussis often needs to take deep breaths, which result in a "whooping" sound. (nih.gov)
- Why Is the Study of Pertussis (Whooping Cough) a Priority for NIAID? (nih.gov)
- To learn about risk factors for pertussis or whooping cough and current prevention and treatment strategies visit the Centers for Diseases Control and Prevention (CDC) pertussis (whooping cough) site . (nih.gov)
- Whooping cough, also known as pertussis, is a highly contagious respiratory ailment that can spread through coughing. (times-standard.com)
- Whooping cough, also known as pertussis, is a serious respiratory disease A type of disease that affects body parts that help you breathe, including your nose, throat, and lungs. (nih.gov)
- Coughing when infected with pertussis creates airborne droplets of bacteria that can infect others. (nih.gov)
- Pertussis is sometimes called the 100-day cough. (nih.gov)
- Whooping cough (also known as pertussis) is a serious and very contagious respiratory disease that can cause long, violent coughing fits that can last for weeks. (douglascountywi.org)
- The pathomechanism of human obligate Bordetella pertussis eliciting whooping cough is not completely elucidated, yet. (ersjournals.com)
- Whooping cough, also known as pertussis, is a highly contagious disease and its name comes from the sound children make as they gasp for air. (flutrackers.com)
- The department says six children in Texas have died from whooping cough (aka pertussis) and more than 1,000 people have gotten sick. (kut.org)
- The research suggests that while the vaccine may keep people from getting sick, it doesn't prevent them from spreading whooping cough - also known as pertussis - to others. (vaccineliberationarmy.com)
- Joanna responds (below) to a lady who published an article saying that unvaccinated children are the cause of recent increased pertussis (whooping cough) outbreaks in areas where vaccination is actively pursued. (newmediaexplorer.org)
- Pertussis, commonly referred to as whooping cough, is a serious and highly contagious respiratory illness. (lung.org)
- On Dec. 9, a letter by school officials to Davie High parents was posted on the school's website informing them a student had been diagnosed with pertussis, commonly known as whooping cough. (ourdavie.com)
- But for most people born in the United States after the 1960s, they have never had to experience the high fever and rash of the measles or the coughing fits of pertussis, commonly known as whooping cough. (nih.gov)
- Infants younger than four months are most vulnerable to severe cases of whooping cough, also known as pertussis. (kpcc.org)
- Pertussis, a respiratory illness commonly known as whooping cough , it is a very contagious disease caused by a type of bacteria called Bordetella pertussis . (solutionsdesignedforhealthcare.com)
- People with it usually spread the disease by coughing or sneezing while in close contact with others, who then breathe in the pertussis bacteria . (solutionsdesignedforhealthcare.com)
- As the disease progresses, the traditional symptoms of pertussis appear and include paroxysms (fits) of many, rapid coughs followed by a high-pitched "whoop", vomiting (throwing up), and exhaustion (very tired) after coughing fits. (solutionsdesignedforhealthcare.com)
- The illness can be milder (less severe) and the typical "whoop" absent in children, teens, and adults who have been vaccinated with a pertussis vaccine. (solutionsdesignedforhealthcare.com)
- However, coughing fits can return with other respiratory infections for many months after pertussis started. (solutionsdesignedforhealthcare.com)
- As of 05/07/2012, there are 88 (confirmed and probable) cases of pertussis (whooping cough) in Bell County residents. (ccisd.com)
- Pertussis begins with cold-like symptoms (sneezing and a runny nose) and a cough that gradually becomes worse. (ccisd.com)
- In order to help contain the spread of pertussis, all household and close contacts of someone diagnosed with pertussis should also receive antibiotics, even if they are not coughing. (ccisd.com)
- I had pertussis - whooping cough. (superbugtheblog.com)
- Whooping cough , or pertussis, is highly contagious and can be especially serious for infants who aren't old enough to be vaccinated. (cdc.gov)
- Pertussis is most infectious when patients are in the catarrhal phase, but pertussis may remain communicable for 3 or more weeks after the onset of cough. (medscape.com)
- The vaccine protects the mother against getting whooping cough and also protects the newborn baby," Edwards says. (nih.gov)
- Knowing that Tdap vaccination during pregnancy protects  in 10 babies from being hospitalized with whooping cough, I strongly recommend this vaccine to all my pregnant patients for their peace of mind and for their family's health and well-being. (pharmacist.com)
- Is it time for whooping cough vaccine to get an update? (galesburg.com)
- ATLANTA - A government study offers a new theory on why the whooping cough vaccine doesn't seem to be working as well as expected. (vaccineliberationarmy.com)
- There is a vaccine available for whooping cough, however only 30% of adults in the U.S. received it in the past 10 years. (lung.org)
- Whooping cough: soon a more effective nasal vaccine? (acemind.net)
- A new whooping cough vaccine is under development at Inserm. (acemind.net)
- Vaccines are the best way to prevent whooping cough. (medlineplus.gov)
- There are two vaccines in the United States that can help prevent whooping cough: DTaP and Tdap. (medlineplus.gov)
- Make sure you and your loved ones are up to date with your whooping cough vaccines. (cdc.gov)
- Getting Tdap during pregnancy offers infants the best protection before they are old enough to receive their whooping cough vaccines," said Jose Romero, director of CDC's National Center for Immunization and Respiratory Diseases, in a CDC press release . (pharmacist.com)
- All people in close contact with infants should be up to date with their whooping cough vaccines. (cdc.gov)
- Get childhood vaccines for measles and whooping cough. (nih.gov)
Reports of infant whooping co2
- Severe coughing is one of the major symptoms. (healthychildren.org)
- Infants under one year of age are at greatest risk of developing severe breathing problems and life-threatening illness from whooping cough. (healthychildren.org)
- Their cough becomes more severe and frequent, or their lips and fingertips become dark or blue. (healthychildren.org)
- A week or two later, a severe coughing phase begins. (nih.gov)
- Coughing spells in children can be so severe that they're unable to eat. (nih.gov)
- And, the severe coughing spells can return if the person gets another respiratory disease, even months later. (nih.gov)
- It usually starts with cold-like symptoms and can turn into a severe cough that can become deadly. (kut.org)
- For these people, whooping cough can lead to severe, sometimes life-threatening health challenges including exacerbation of their chronic medical conditions," said Harold Wimmer, National President and CEO for the American Lung Association. (lung.org)
- It mimics the common cold in the beginning, but after a week or two, a mild cough will turn into severe coughing that will come in spasms, Wright said. (ourdavie.com)
- After 1 to 2 weeks, severe coughing can begin. (solutionsdesignedforhealthcare.com)
- Coughing fits generally become more common and severe as the illness continues, and can occur more often at night. (solutionsdesignedforhealthcare.com)
- The cough becomes less severe and less common. (solutionsdesignedforhealthcare.com)
- Most infants who are less than six months old with whooping cough need to be initially treated in the hospital . (healthychildren.org)
- This protection is critical because those first few months are when infants are most likely to have serious complications, be hospitalized[,] or die if they get whooping cough. (pharmacist.com)
- In infants, the cough can be minimal or not even there. (solutionsdesignedforhealthcare.com)
- When given during the third trimester of pregnancy, Tdap vaccination prevents more than three in four cases of whooping cough in infants younger than two months old. (cdc.gov)
- In older infants and toddlers, the paroxysms of coughing occasionally are followed by a loud whoop as inspired air goes through a still partially closed airway. (medscape.com)
- Infants younger than 6 months do not have the characteristic whoop but may have apneic episodes and are at risk for exhaustion. (medscape.com)
- In the United States, childhood infections such as whooping cough and measles used to cause many cases of bronchiectasis. (nih.gov)
- An expert panel is advising expecting mothers to get a shot to prevent whooping cough during their last three months of pregnancy. (flutrackers.com)
- The coughing fits get worse and start happening more often, especially at night. (medlineplus.gov)
- The coughing fits can come back if you have another respiratory infection, even months after you first got whooping cough. (medlineplus.gov)
- It can cause rapid and strong coughing fits that may be followed by a "whooping" sound as the person tries to breathe in. (nih.gov)
- Unlike the common cold, it can become a series of coughing fits that continues for weeks. (solutionsdesignedforhealthcare.com)
- The coughing fits can go on for up to 10 weeks or more. (solutionsdesignedforhealthcare.com)
- After one to two weeks, the cough usually occurs in strong "coughing fits. (ccisd.com)
- Coughing fits can last six weeks or longer. (ccisd.com)
- What are the symptoms of whooping cough? (medlineplus.gov)
- Whooping cough usually starts with cold-like symptoms. (medlineplus.gov)
- The illness usually begins with mild symptoms, like sneezing and gentle coughs. (nih.gov)
- The disease usually starts with cold like symptoms and maybe a mild cough or fever. (solutionsdesignedforhealthcare.com)
- COVID-19 is a respiratory disease that causes symptoms such as fever, cough, and shortness of breath. (nih.gov)
- Symptoms in these patients include uninterrupted coughing, feelings of suffocation or strangulation, and headaches. (medscape.com)
- Your child is a very young infant who has not been fully immunized and/or has had exposure to someone with a chronic cough or the disease. (healthychildren.org)
- SACRAMENTO, Calif. (AP) California health officials say an infant has died from whooping cough the first such infant death in the state since 2016. (times-standard.com)
- The new study is the first time researchers have looked at U.S. population level trends in infant whooping cough cases since this maternal vaccination strategy began in 2011. (cdc.gov)
- You may cough so hard that you vomit . (medlineplus.gov)
- They become exhausted after coughing episodes, eat poorly, vomit after coughing, and look 'sick. (healthychildren.org)
- The person cannot stop coughing, may lose their breath, vomit after coughing or have a whooping sound when trying to breathe in at the end of the cough. (ourdavie.com)
- After coughing, a person may have difficulty catching their breath, vomit, or become blue in the face from lack of air. (ccisd.com)
- The illness can be milder, and the characteristic paroxysmal cough and whoop might be absent, in children, adolescents, and adults who were previously vaccinated. (cdc.gov)
- Whooping cough in adolescents and adults is rarely diagnosed at all. (healthy.net)
- Vaccinated adults usually develop only prolonged bronchitis without a whoop, whereas unvaccinated adults are more likely to have whooping and posttussive emesis. (medscape.com)
- Tdap vaccination, when administered during the third trimester of pregnancy, prevents more than 3 in 4 cases of whooping cough in babies younger than age 2 months, according to the findings. (pharmacist.com)
- The California Department of Public Health continues to recommend that all pregnant women in their third trimester get vaccinated against whooping cough. (kpcc.org)
- Then the cough gets worse (rather than better, as usually happens with a cold), and older children may start to have the characteristic 'whoop. (healthychildren.org)
- In 2020, 23 million children were not vaccinated against diphtheria, tetanus and whooping cough. (acemind.net)
- The figures were worsened by large outbreaks of whooping cough in Chicago and Cincinnati, although there has been a steady increase in reported cases since 1977. (healthy.net)
- The breaths often make a 'whooping' sounds, which is how this illness got its common name. (healthychildren.org)
- The treatment for whooping cough is usually antibiotics. (medlineplus.gov)
- Sometimes health care providers give antibiotics to family members of people who have had whooping cough or people who have been exposed to it. (medlineplus.gov)
- Although antibiotics can stop the spread of the whooping cough infection, they cannot prevent or treat the cough itself. (healthychildren.org)
- A CDC study published today provides further evidence that Tdap vaccination during pregnancy helps protect newborns from whooping cough during their first two months of life, when they are most vulnerable to the disease. (cdc.gov)
- They found an association between reduced rates of whooping cough in newborns younger than two months old and Tdap vaccination during pregnancy . (cdc.gov)
- Patients in the second (paroxysmal) phase present with paroxysms of intense coughing lasting up to several minutes. (medscape.com)
- The sample is tested for the bacteria that causes whooping cough. (medlineplus.gov)
- In serious cases, the coughing can become violent and rapid. (medlineplus.gov)
- Many years ago, there were several hundred thousand cases of whooping cough each year in the United States. (healthychildren.org)
- Travis County leads the state in the number of whooping cough cases with 163 as of the end of August - that's about 14 percent of the state total. (kut.org)
- The Austin-Travis County Health and Human Services Department says it is "highly aggressive" in seeking out whooping cough cases so the numbers could be somewhat misleading. (kut.org)
- The department works with local health providers to identify whooping cough cases and alert them of clusters of incidents. (kut.org)
- The county has more than 70 suspected whooping cough cases. (ksal.com)
- And The Hutchinson News reports that as of Friday, Reno County had 41 confirmed or probable cases of whooping cough, which accounts for 20 percent of all cases in the state. (ksal.com)
- The number of new cases of whooping cough in California continued on a two-month downward trend, the state public health department said Friday. (kpcc.org)
- The California Department of Public Health reported 573 new cases of whooping cough in the past two weeks. (kpcc.org)
- He says whooping cough - like other infectious diseases - can be "quite unpredictable. (kpcc.org)
- Patients in the third (convalescent) stage have a chronic cough, which may last for weeks. (medscape.com)
- An old killer, whooping cough, is epidemic in Washington State as of 2012. (pbs.org)
- Whooping cough is treated with an antibiotic that is most effective when given in the first stage of illness, before the coughing spells begin. (healthychildren.org)
- Because cough medicines do not relieve the coughing spells, your pediatrician probably will recommend other forms of home treatment to help manage the cough. (healthychildren.org)
- Between coughing spells, the person may appear well. (ccisd.com)
- We'll ask why this disease is back, but most importantly, learn more about how parents should vaccinate their children, what kind of resources are available, what the options are if a child has contracted whooping cough, and what other diseases are trying to make a comeback in the public health arena. (pbs.org)
- These complications can include pneumonia, which occurs in slightly less than one fourth of children under one year old who have whooping cough. (healthychildren.org)
- Children with whooping cough are more likely to develop signs of epilepsy as they grow older. (acemind.net)
- In young children, this is often followed by a whooping noise as they try to catch their breath. (ccisd.com)
- Children vaccinated against whooping cough are 20 times less likely to catch the highly contagious illness than those not vaccinated, US researchers report. (abc.net.au)
- Posttussive vomiting and turning red with coughing are common in affected children. (medscape.com)
- The classic inspiratory gasp or whoop develops primarily in children aged 6 months to 5 years. (medscape.com)
- About half of babies under age one who get whooping cough need care in the hospital. (medlineplus.gov)
- Babies and other people at high risk serious disease should be kept away from people who have whooping cough. (medlineplus.gov)
- When possible, babies should be kept away from people with a cough. (ccisd.com)
- Whooping cough can be spread through coughing or sneezing. (kut.org)
- Reno County health officials are taking steps to help stall the spread of a whooping cough outbreak before school starts. (ksal.com)
- Even after the cough is gone, the disease can still be spread. (ourdavie.com)
- It is spread through the air by coughing. (ccisd.com)
- The Texas Department of State Health Services says there have been more whooping cough deaths this year than in the past several years. (kut.org)
- Persons who are household or close contacts, and who do not have a cough, are not contagious and are not asked to stay home during the first 5 days of antibiotic administration. (ccisd.com)
- People over 65 are also affected by whooping cough and sometimes even hospitalized. (acemind.net)
- Coughing paroxysms can vary in frequency and often are followed by vomiting. (cdc.gov)