Body Composition: The relative amounts of various components in the body, such as percentage of body fat.Fatty Acids: Organic, monobasic acids derived from hydrocarbons by the equivalent of oxidation of a methyl group to an alcohol, aldehyde, and then acid. Fatty acids are saturated and unsaturated (FATTY ACIDS, UNSATURATED). (Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)Base Composition: The relative amounts of the PURINES and PYRIMIDINES in a nucleic acid.Amino Acids: Organic compounds that generally contain an amino (-NH2) and a carboxyl (-COOH) group. Twenty alpha-amino acids are the subunits which are polymerized to form proteins.Phospholipids: Lipids containing one or more phosphate groups, particularly those derived from either glycerol (phosphoglycerides see GLYCEROPHOSPHOLIPIDS) or sphingosine (SPHINGOLIPIDS). They are polar lipids that are of great importance for the structure and function of cell membranes and are the most abundant of membrane lipids, although not stored in large amounts in the system.Lipids: A generic term for fats and lipoids, the alcohol-ether-soluble constituents of protoplasm, which are insoluble in water. They comprise the fats, fatty oils, essential oils, waxes, phospholipids, glycolipids, sulfolipids, aminolipids, chromolipids (lipochromes), and fatty acids. (Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)Adipose Tissue: Specialized connective tissue composed of fat cells (ADIPOCYTES). It is the site of stored FATS, usually in the form of TRIGLYCERIDES. In mammals, there are two types of adipose tissue, the WHITE FAT and the BROWN FAT. Their relative distributions vary in different species with most adipose tissue being white.Membrane Lipids: Lipids, predominantly phospholipids, cholesterol and small amounts of glycolipids found in membranes including cellular and intracellular membranes. These lipids may be arranged in bilayers in the membranes with integral proteins between the layers and peripheral proteins attached to the outside. Membrane lipids are required for active transport, several enzymatic activities and membrane formation.Chromatography, Gas: Fractionation of a vaporized sample as a consequence of partition between a mobile gaseous phase and a stationary phase held in a column. Two types are gas-solid chromatography, where the fixed phase is a solid, and gas-liquid, in which the stationary phase is a nonvolatile liquid supported on an inert solid matrix.Bacteria: One of the three domains of life (the others being Eukarya and ARCHAEA), also called Eubacteria. They are unicellular prokaryotic microorganisms which generally possess rigid cell walls, multiply by cell division, and exhibit three principal forms: round or coccal, rodlike or bacillary, and spiral or spirochetal. Bacteria can be classified by their response to OXYGEN: aerobic, anaerobic, or facultatively anaerobic; by the mode by which they obtain their energy: chemotrophy (via chemical reaction) or PHOTOTROPHY (via light reaction); for chemotrophs by their source of chemical energy: CHEMOLITHOTROPHY (from inorganic compounds) or chemoorganotrophy (from organic compounds); and by their source for CARBON; NITROGEN; etc.; HETEROTROPHY (from organic sources) or AUTOTROPHY (from CARBON DIOXIDE). They can also be classified by whether or not they stain (based on the structure of their CELL WALLS) with CRYSTAL VIOLET dye: gram-negative or gram-positive.Body Weight: The mass or quantity of heaviness of an individual. It is expressed by units of pounds or kilograms.Molecular Sequence Data: Descriptions of specific amino acid, carbohydrate, or nucleotide sequences which have appeared in the published literature and/or are deposited in and maintained by databanks such as GENBANK, European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), National Biomedical Research Foundation (NBRF), or other sequence repositories.Questionnaires: Predetermined sets of questions used to collect data - clinical data, social status, occupational group, etc. The term is often applied to a self-completed survey instrument.Diet: Regular course of eating and drinking adopted by a person or animal.Carbohydrates: The largest class of organic compounds, including STARCH; GLYCOGEN; CELLULOSE; POLYSACCHARIDES; and simple MONOSACCHARIDES. Carbohydrates are composed of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen in a ratio of Cn(H2O)n.Molecular Weight: The sum of the weight of all the atoms in a molecule.Phylogeny: The relationships of groups of organisms as reflected by their genetic makeup.Cattle: Domesticated bovine animals of the genus Bos, usually kept on a farm or ranch and used for the production of meat or dairy products or for heavy labor.Electrophoresis, Polyacrylamide Gel: Electrophoresis in which a polyacrylamide gel is used as the diffusion medium.Body Water: Fluids composed mainly of water found within the body.Biodiversity: The variety of all native living organisms and their various forms and interrelationships.Ecosystem: A functional system which includes the organisms of a natural community together with their environment. (McGraw Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)Oils, Volatile: Oils which evaporate readily. The volatile oils occur in aromatic plants, to which they give odor and other characteristics. Most volatile oils consist of a mixture of two or more TERPENES or of a mixture of an eleoptene (the more volatile constituent of a volatile oil) with a stearopten (the more solid constituent). The synonym essential oils refers to the essence of a plant, as its perfume or scent, and not to its indispensability.Fatty Acids, Unsaturated: FATTY ACIDS in which the carbon chain contains one or more double or triple carbon-carbon bonds.Cholesterol: The principal sterol of all higher animals, distributed in body tissues, especially the brain and spinal cord, and in animal fats and oils.Dietary Fats: Fats present in food, especially in animal products such as meat, meat products, butter, ghee. They are present in lower amounts in nuts, seeds, and avocados.Plant Oils: Oils derived from plants or plant products.Species Specificity: The restriction of a characteristic behavior, anatomical structure or physical system, such as immune response; metabolic response, or gene or gene variant to the members of one species. It refers to that property which differentiates one species from another but it is also used for phylogenetic levels higher or lower than the species.Lipid Metabolism: Physiological processes in biosynthesis (anabolism) and degradation (catabolism) of LIPIDS.Time Factors: Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.Chromatography, Thin Layer: Chromatography on thin layers of adsorbents rather than in columns. The adsorbent can be alumina, silica gel, silicates, charcoals, or cellulose. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)Metagenome: A collective genome representative of the many organisms, primarily microorganisms, existing in a community.Amino Acid Sequence: The order of amino acids as they occur in a polypeptide chain. This is referred to as the primary structure of proteins. It is of fundamental importance in determining PROTEIN CONFORMATION.Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice: Knowledge, attitudes, and associated behaviors which pertain to health-related topics such as PATHOLOGIC PROCESSES or diseases, their prevention, and treatment. This term refers to non-health workers and health workers (HEALTH PERSONNEL).Phosphatidylcholines: Derivatives of phosphatidic acids in which the phosphoric acid is bound in ester linkage to a choline moiety. Complete hydrolysis yields 1 mole of glycerol, phosphoric acid and choline and 2 moles of fatty acids.RNA, Ribosomal, 16S: Constituent of 30S subunit prokaryotic ribosomes containing 1600 nucleotides and 21 proteins. 16S rRNA is involved in initiation of polypeptide synthesis.Absorptiometry, Photon: A noninvasive method for assessing BODY COMPOSITION. It is based on the differential absorption of X-RAYS (or GAMMA RAYS) by different tissues such as bone, fat and other soft tissues. The source of (X-ray or gamma-ray) photon beam is generated either from radioisotopes such as GADOLINIUM 153, IODINE 125, or Americanium 241 which emit GAMMA RAYS in the appropriate range; or from an X-ray tube which produces X-RAYS in the desired range. It is primarily used for quantitating BONE MINERAL CONTENT, especially for the diagnosis of OSTEOPOROSIS, and also in measuring BONE MINERALIZATION.Animal Feed: Foodstuff used especially for domestic and laboratory animals, or livestock.Energy Metabolism: The chemical reactions involved in the production and utilization of various forms of energy in cells.Biota: The spectrum of different living organisms inhabiting a particular region, habitat, or biotope.Phosphatidylethanolamines: Derivatives of phosphatidic acids in which the phosphoric acid is bound in ester linkage to an ethanolamine moiety. Complete hydrolysis yields 1 mole of glycerol, phosphoric acid and ethanolamine and 2 moles of fatty acids.Temperature: The property of objects that determines the direction of heat flow when they are placed in direct thermal contact. The temperature is the energy of microscopic motions (vibrational and translational) of the particles of atoms.Meat: The edible portions of any animal used for food including domestic mammals (the major ones being cattle, swine, and sheep) along with poultry, fish, shellfish, and game.Energy Intake: Total number of calories taken in daily whether ingested or by parenteral routes.Swine: Any of various animals that constitute the family Suidae and comprise stout-bodied, short-legged omnivorous mammals with thick skin, usually covered with coarse bristles, a rather long mobile snout, and small tail. Included are the genera Babyrousa, Phacochoerus (wart hogs), and Sus, the latter containing the domestic pig (see SUS SCROFA).Electric Impedance: The resistance to the flow of either alternating or direct electrical current.Milk: The white liquid secreted by the mammary glands. It contains proteins, sugar, lipids, vitamins, and minerals.Cell Membrane: The lipid- and protein-containing, selectively permeable membrane that surrounds the cytoplasm in prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells.Attitude of Health Personnel: Attitudes of personnel toward their patients, other professionals, toward the medical care system, etc.Proteins: Linear POLYPEPTIDES that are synthesized on RIBOSOMES and may be further modified, crosslinked, cleaved, or assembled into complex proteins with several subunits. The specific sequence of AMINO ACIDS determines the shape the polypeptide will take, during PROTEIN FOLDING, and the function of the protein.Pregnancy: The status during which female mammals carry their developing young (EMBRYOS or FETUSES) in utero before birth, beginning from FERTILIZATION to BIRTH.Weight Gain: Increase in BODY WEIGHT over existing weight.Dietary Proteins: Proteins obtained from foods. They are the main source of the ESSENTIAL AMINO ACIDS.Models, Biological: Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of biological processes or diseases. For disease models in living animals, DISEASE MODELS, ANIMAL is available. Biological models include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid: Liquid chromatographic techniques which feature high inlet pressures, high sensitivity, and high speed.Attitude to Health: Public attitudes toward health, disease, and the medical care system.Sequence Analysis, DNA: A multistage process that includes cloning, physical mapping, subcloning, determination of the DNA SEQUENCE, and information analysis.TriglyceridesAttitude: An enduring, learned predisposition to behave in a consistent way toward a given class of objects, or a persistent mental and/or neural state of readiness to react to a certain class of objects, not as they are but as they are conceived to be.DNA, Bacterial: Deoxyribonucleic acid that makes up the genetic material of bacteria.Nitrogen: An element with the atomic symbol N, atomic number 7, and atomic weight [14.00643; 14.00728]. Nitrogen exists as a diatomic gas and makes up about 78% of the earth's atmosphere by volume. It is a constituent of proteins and nucleic acids and found in all living cells.Microscopy, Electron: Microscopy using an electron beam, instead of light, to visualize the sample, thereby allowing much greater magnification. The interactions of ELECTRONS with specimens are used to provide information about the fine structure of that specimen. In TRANSMISSION ELECTRON MICROSCOPY the reactions of the electrons that are transmitted through the specimen are imaged. In SCANNING ELECTRON MICROSCOPY an electron beam falls at a non-normal angle on the specimen and the image is derived from the reactions occurring above the plane of the specimen.Kinetics: The rate dynamics in chemical or physical systems.Anthropometry: The technique that deals with the measurement of the size, weight, and proportions of the human or other primate body.Hydrogen-Ion Concentration: The normality of a solution with respect to HYDROGEN ions; H+. It is related to acidity measurements in most cases by pH = log 1/2[1/(H+)], where (H+) is the hydrogen ion concentration in gram equivalents per liter of solution. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)Base Sequence: The sequence of PURINES and PYRIMIDINES in nucleic acids and polynucleotides. It is also called nucleotide sequence.Cross-Sectional Studies: Studies in which the presence or absence of disease or other health-related variables are determined in each member of the study population or in a representative sample at one particular time. This contrasts with LONGITUDINAL STUDIES which are followed over a period of time.Mass Spectrometry: An analytical method used in determining the identity of a chemical based on its mass using mass analyzers/mass spectrometers.Lactation: The processes of milk secretion by the maternal MAMMARY GLANDS after PARTURITION. The proliferation of the mammary glandular tissue, milk synthesis, and milk expulsion or let down are regulated by the interactions of several hormones including ESTRADIOL; PROGESTERONE; PROLACTIN; and OXYTOCIN.Animal Nutritional Physiological Phenomena: Nutritional physiology of animals.Water: A clear, odorless, tasteless liquid that is essential for most animal and plant life and is an excellent solvent for many substances. The chemical formula is hydrogen oxide (H2O). (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)Muscle, Skeletal: A subtype of striated muscle, attached by TENDONS to the SKELETON. Skeletal muscles are innervated and their movement can be consciously controlled. They are also called voluntary muscles.Cell Wall: The outermost layer of a cell in most PLANTS; BACTERIA; FUNGI; and ALGAE. The cell wall is usually a rigid structure that lies external to the CELL MEMBRANE, and provides a protective barrier against physical or chemical agents.Trees: Woody, usually tall, perennial higher plants (Angiosperms, Gymnosperms, and some Pterophyta) having usually a main stem and numerous branches.Liver: A large lobed glandular organ in the abdomen of vertebrates that is responsible for detoxification, metabolism, synthesis and storage of various substances.Aging: The gradual irreversible changes in structure and function of an organism that occur as a result of the passage of time.Microbiota: The full collection of microbes (bacteria, fungi, virus, etc.) that naturally exist within a particular biological niche such as an organism, soil, a body of water, etc.Chromatography, Gel: Chromatography on non-ionic gels without regard to the mechanism of solute discrimination.United StatesObesity: A status with BODY WEIGHT that is grossly above the acceptable or desirable weight, usually due to accumulation of excess FATS in the body. The standards may vary with age, sex, genetic or cultural background. In the BODY MASS INDEX, a BMI greater than 30.0 kg/m2 is considered obese, and a BMI greater than 40.0 kg/m2 is considered morbidly obese (MORBID OBESITY).Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry: A microanalytical technique combining mass spectrometry and gas chromatography for the qualitative as well as quantitative determinations of compounds.Biomass: Total mass of all the organisms of a given type and/or in a given area. (From Concise Dictionary of Biology, 1990) It includes the yield of vegetative mass produced from any given crop.Minerals: Native, inorganic or fossilized organic substances having a definite chemical composition and formed by inorganic reactions. They may occur as individual crystals or may be disseminated in some other mineral or rock. (Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed; McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)Linoleic Acid: A doubly unsaturated fatty acid, occurring widely in plant glycosides. It is an essential fatty acid in mammalian nutrition and is used in the biosynthesis of prostaglandins and cell membranes. (From Stedman, 26th ed)Skinfold Thickness: The measurement of subcutaneous fat located directly beneath the skin by grasping a fold of skin and subcutaneous fat between the thumb and forefinger and pulling it away from the underlying muscle tissue. The thickness of the double layer of skin and subcutaneous tissue is then read with a caliper. The five most frequently measured sites are the upper arm, below the scapula, above the hip bone, the abdomen, and the thigh. Its application is the determination of relative fatness, of changes in physical conditioning programs, and of the percentage of body fat in desirable body weight. (From McArdle, et al., Exercise Physiology, 2d ed, p496-8)Culture Media: Any liquid or solid preparation made specifically for the growth, storage, or transport of microorganisms or other types of cells. The variety of media that exist allow for the culturing of specific microorganisms and cell types, such as differential media, selective media, test media, and defined media. Solid media consist of liquid media that have been solidified with an agent such as AGAR or GELATIN.Membrane Fluidity: The motion of phospholipid molecules within the lipid bilayer, dependent on the classes of phospholipids present, their fatty acid composition and degree of unsaturation of the acyl chains, the cholesterol concentration, and temperature.Eating: The consumption of edible substances.Chemistry: A basic science concerned with the composition, structure, and properties of matter; and the reactions that occur between substances and the associated energy exchange.Dietary Carbohydrates: Carbohydrates present in food comprising digestible sugars and starches and indigestible cellulose and other dietary fibers. The former are the major source of energy. The sugars are in beet and cane sugar, fruits, honey, sweet corn, corn syrup, milk and milk products, etc.; the starches are in cereal grains, legumes (FABACEAE), tubers, etc. (From Claudio & Lagua, Nutrition and Diet Therapy Dictionary, 3d ed, p32, p277)Liposomes: Artificial, single or multilaminar vesicles (made from lecithins or other lipids) that are used for the delivery of a variety of biological molecules or molecular complexes to cells, for example, drug delivery and gene transfer. They are also used to study membranes and membrane proteins.Chemical Phenomena: The composition, conformation, and properties of atoms and molecules, and their reaction and interaction processes.Fats: The glyceryl esters of a fatty acid, or of a mixture of fatty acids. They are generally odorless, colorless, and tasteless if pure, but they may be flavored according to origin. Fats are insoluble in water, soluble in most organic solvents. They occur in animal and vegetable tissue and are generally obtained by boiling or by extraction under pressure. They are important in the diet (DIETARY FATS) as a source of energy. (Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)Electrophoresis: An electrochemical process in which macromolecules or colloidal particles with a net electric charge migrate in a solution under the influence of an electric current.Patient Satisfaction: The degree to which the individual regards the health care service or product or the manner in which it is delivered by the provider as useful, effective, or beneficial.Body Mass Index: An indicator of body density as determined by the relationship of BODY WEIGHT to BODY HEIGHT. BMI=weight (kg)/height squared (m2). BMI correlates with body fat (ADIPOSE TISSUE). Their relationship varies with age and gender. For adults, BMI falls into these categories: below 18.5 (underweight); 18.5-24.9 (normal); 25.0-29.9 (overweight); 30.0 and above (obese). (National Center for Health Statistics, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention)Data Collection: Systematic gathering of data for a particular purpose from various sources, including questionnaires, interviews, observation, existing records, and electronic devices. The process is usually preliminary to statistical analysis of the data.DNA, Ribosomal: DNA sequences encoding RIBOSOMAL RNA and the segments of DNA separating the individual ribosomal RNA genes, referred to as RIBOSOMAL SPACER DNA.Soil Microbiology: The presence of bacteria, viruses, and fungi in the soil. This term is not restricted to pathogenic organisms.Escherichia coli: A species of gram-negative, facultatively anaerobic, rod-shaped bacteria (GRAM-NEGATIVE FACULTATIVELY ANAEROBIC RODS) commonly found in the lower part of the intestine of warm-blooded animals. It is usually nonpathogenic, but some strains are known to produce DIARRHEA and pyogenic infections. Pathogenic strains (virotypes) are classified by their specific pathogenic mechanisms such as toxins (ENTEROTOXIGENIC ESCHERICHIA COLI), etc.Basal Metabolism: Heat production, or its measurement, of an organism at the lowest level of cell chemistry in an inactive, awake, fasting state. It may be determined directly by means of a calorimeter or indirectly by calculating the heat production from an analysis of the end products of oxidation within the organism or from the amount of oxygen utilized.Random Allocation: A process involving chance used in therapeutic trials or other research endeavor for allocating experimental subjects, human or animal, between treatment and control groups, or among treatment groups. It may also apply to experiments on inanimate objects.Nutritive Value: An indication of the contribution of a food to the nutrient content of the diet. This value depends on the quantity of a food which is digested and absorbed and the amounts of the essential nutrients (protein, fat, carbohydrate, minerals, vitamins) which it contains. This value can be affected by soil and growing conditions, handling and storage, and processing.Chromatography: Techniques used to separate mixtures of substances based on differences in the relative affinities of the substances for mobile and stationary phases. A mobile phase (fluid or gas) passes through a column containing a stationary phase of porous solid or liquid coated on a solid support. Usage is both analytical for small amounts and preparative for bulk amounts.Lipoproteins: Lipid-protein complexes involved in the transportation and metabolism of lipids in the body. They are spherical particles consisting of a hydrophobic core of TRIGLYCERIDES and CHOLESTEROL ESTERS surrounded by a layer of hydrophilic free CHOLESTEROL; PHOSPHOLIPIDS; and APOLIPOPROTEINS. Lipoproteins are classified by their varying buoyant density and sizes.Poaceae: A large family of narrow-leaved herbaceous grasses of the order Cyperales, subclass Commelinidae, class Liliopsida (monocotyledons). Food grains (EDIBLE GRAIN) come from members of this family. RHINITIS, ALLERGIC, SEASONAL can be induced by POLLEN of many of the grasses.Seawater: The salinated water of OCEANS AND SEAS that provides habitat for marine organisms.Elements: Substances that comprise all matter. Each element is made up of atoms that are identical in number of electrons and protons and in nuclear charge, but may differ in mass or number of neutrons.Monosaccharides: Simple sugars, carbohydrates which cannot be decomposed by hydrolysis. They are colorless crystalline substances with a sweet taste and have the same general formula CnH2nOn. (From Dorland, 28th ed)Seasons: Divisions of the year according to some regularly recurrent phenomena usually astronomical or climatic. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)Regression Analysis: Procedures for finding the mathematical function which best describes the relationship between a dependent variable and one or more independent variables. In linear regression (see LINEAR MODELS) the relationship is constrained to be a straight line and LEAST-SQUARES ANALYSIS is used to determine the best fit. In logistic regression (see LOGISTIC MODELS) the dependent variable is qualitative rather than continuously variable and LIKELIHOOD FUNCTIONS are used to find the best relationship. In multiple regression, the dependent variable is considered to depend on more than a single independent variable.Interviews as Topic: Conversations with an individual or individuals held in order to obtain information about their background and other personal biographical data, their attitudes and opinions, etc. It includes school admission or job interviews.Sphingomyelins: A class of sphingolipids found largely in the brain and other nervous tissue. They contain phosphocholine or phosphoethanolamine as their polar head group so therefore are the only sphingolipids classified as PHOSPHOLIPIDS.Fatty Acids, Monounsaturated: Fatty acids which are unsaturated in only one position.Particle Size: Relating to the size of solids.Microbial Consortia: A group of different species of microorganisms that act together as a community.Fresh Water: Water containing no significant amounts of salts, such as water from RIVERS and LAKES.Analysis of Variance: A statistical technique that isolates and assesses the contributions of categorical independent variables to variation in the mean of a continuous dependent variable.Adiposity: The amount of fat or lipid deposit at a site or an organ in the body, an indicator of body fat status.Great BritainGastrointestinal Tract: Generally refers to the digestive structures stretching from the MOUTH to ANUS, but does not include the accessory glandular organs (LIVER; BILIARY TRACT; PANCREAS).Centrifugation, Density Gradient: Separation of particles according to density by employing a gradient of varying densities. At equilibrium each particle settles in the gradient at a point equal to its density. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)Carbon: A nonmetallic element with atomic symbol C, atomic number 6, and atomic weight [12.0096; 12.0116]. It may occur as several different allotropes including DIAMOND; CHARCOAL; and GRAPHITE; and as SOOT from incompletely burned fuel.Bacterial Proteins: Proteins found in any species of bacterium.Soil: The unconsolidated mineral or organic matter on the surface of the earth that serves as a natural medium for the growth of land plants.Dietary Fats, Unsaturated: Unsaturated fats or oils used in foods or as a food.Plants: Multicellular, eukaryotic life forms of kingdom Plantae (sensu lato), comprising the VIRIDIPLANTAE; RHODOPHYTA; and GLAUCOPHYTA; all of which acquired chloroplasts by direct endosymbiosis of CYANOBACTERIA. They are characterized by a mainly photosynthetic mode of nutrition; essentially unlimited growth at localized regions of cell divisions (MERISTEMS); cellulose within cells providing rigidity; the absence of organs of locomotion; absence of nervous and sensory systems; and an alternation of haploid and diploid generations.Chromatography, Ion Exchange: Separation technique in which the stationary phase consists of ion exchange resins. The resins contain loosely held small ions that easily exchange places with other small ions of like charge present in solutions washed over the resins.Plant Leaves: Expanded structures, usually green, of vascular plants, characteristically consisting of a bladelike expansion attached to a stem, and functioning as the principal organ of photosynthesis and transpiration. (American Heritage Dictionary, 2d ed)Docosahexaenoic Acids: C22-unsaturated fatty acids found predominantly in FISH OILS.Peptides: Members of the class of compounds composed of AMINO ACIDS joined together by peptide bonds between adjacent amino acids into linear, branched or cyclical structures. OLIGOPEPTIDES are composed of approximately 2-12 amino acids. Polypeptides are composed of approximately 13 or more amino acids. PROTEINS are linear polypeptides that are normally synthesized on RIBOSOMES.Phosphatidylglycerols: A nitrogen-free class of lipids present in animal and particularly plant tissues and composed of one mole of glycerol and 1 or 2 moles of phosphatidic acid. Members of this group differ from one another in the nature of the fatty acids released on hydrolysis.Densitometry: The measurement of the density of a material by measuring the amount of light or radiation passing through (or absorbed by) the material.Feces: Excrement from the INTESTINES, containing unabsorbed solids, waste products, secretions, and BACTERIA of the DIGESTIVE SYSTEM.Macromolecular Substances: Compounds and molecular complexes that consist of very large numbers of atoms and are generally over 500 kDa in size. In biological systems macromolecular substances usually can be visualized using ELECTRON MICROSCOPY and are distinguished from ORGANELLES by the lack of a membrane structure.Public Opinion: The attitude of a significant portion of a population toward any given proposition, based upon a measurable amount of factual evidence, and involving some degree of reflection, analysis, and reasoning.Body Fluid Compartments: The two types of spaces between which water and other body fluids are distributed: extracellular and intracellular.Cerebrosides: Neutral glycosphingolipids that contain a monosaccharide, normally glucose or galactose, in 1-ortho-beta-glycosidic linkage with the primary alcohol of an N-acyl sphingoid (ceramide). In plants the monosaccharide is normally glucose and the sphingoid usually phytosphingosine. In animals, the monosaccharide is usually galactose, though this may vary with the tissue and the sphingoid is usually sphingosine or dihydrosphingosine. (From Oxford Dictionary of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, 1st ed)Seeds: The encapsulated embryos of flowering plants. They are used as is or for animal feed because of the high content of concentrated nutrients like starches, proteins, and fats. Rapeseed, cottonseed, and sunflower seed are also produced for the oils (fats) they yield.Milk, HumanFood Analysis: Measurement and evaluation of the components of substances to be taken as FOOD.Organ Size: The measurement of an organ in volume, mass, or heaviness.Physician-Patient Relations: The interactions between physician and patient.Phosphorus: A non-metal element that has the atomic symbol P, atomic number 15, and atomic weight 31. It is an essential element that takes part in a broad variety of biochemical reactions.Waxes: A plastic substance deposited by insects or obtained from plants. Waxes are esters of various fatty acids with higher, usually monohydric alcohols. The wax of pharmacy is principally yellow wax (beeswax), the material of which honeycomb is made. It consists chiefly of cerotic acid and myricin and is used in making ointments, cerates, etc. (Dorland, 27th ed)Mutation: Any detectable and heritable change in the genetic material that causes a change in the GENOTYPE and which is transmitted to daughter cells and to succeeding generations.Fatty Acids, Omega-3: A group of fatty acids, often of marine origin, which have the first unsaturated bond in the third position from the omega carbon. These fatty acids are believed to reduce serum triglycerides, prevent insulin resistance, improve lipid profile, prolong bleeding times, reduce platelet counts, and decrease platelet adhesiveness.Cardiolipins: Acidic phospholipids composed of two molecules of phosphatidic acid covalently linked to a molecule of glycerol. They occur primarily in mitochondrial inner membranes and in bacterial plasma membranes. They are the main antigenic components of the Wassermann-type antigen that is used in nontreponemal SYPHILIS SERODIAGNOSIS.Decision Making: The process of making a selective intellectual judgment when presented with several complex alternatives consisting of several variables, and usually defining a course of action or an idea.Microscopy, Electron, Scanning: Microscopy in which the object is examined directly by an electron beam scanning the specimen point-by-point. The image is constructed by detecting the products of specimen interactions that are projected above the plane of the sample, such as backscattered electrons. Although SCANNING TRANSMISSION ELECTRON MICROSCOPY also scans the specimen point by point with the electron beam, the image is constructed by detecting the electrons, or their interaction products that are transmitted through the sample plane, so that is a form of TRANSMISSION ELECTRON MICROSCOPY.Glycolipids: Any compound containing one or more monosaccharide residues bound by a glycosidic linkage to a hydrophobic moiety such as an acylglycerol (see GLYCERIDES), a sphingoid, a ceramide (CERAMIDES) (N-acylsphingoid) or a prenyl phosphate. (From IUPAC's webpage)Membrane Proteins: Proteins which are found in membranes including cellular and intracellular membranes. They consist of two types, peripheral and integral proteins. They include most membrane-associated enzymes, antigenic proteins, transport proteins, and drug, hormone, and lectin receptors.Solubility: The ability of a substance to be dissolved, i.e. to form a solution with another substance. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)Suicide, Assisted: Provision (by a physician or other health professional, or by a family member or friend) of support and/or means that gives a patient the power to terminate his or her own life. (from APA, Thesaurus of Psychological Index Terms, 8th ed).Surface Properties: Characteristics or attributes of the outer boundaries of objects, including molecules.Lipid Bilayers: Layers of lipid molecules which are two molecules thick. Bilayer systems are frequently studied as models of biological membranes.Christianity: The religion stemming from the life, teachings, and death of Jesus Christ: the religion that believes in God as the Father Almighty who works redemptively through the Holy Spirit for men's salvation and that affirms Jesus Christ as Lord and Savior who proclaimed to man the gospel of salvation. (From Webster, 3d ed)Sheep: Any of the ruminant mammals with curved horns in the genus Ovis, family Bovidae. They possess lachrymal grooves and interdigital glands, which are absent in GOATS.Archaea: One of the three domains of life (the others being BACTERIA and Eukarya), formerly called Archaebacteria under the taxon Bacteria, but now considered separate and distinct. They are characterized by: (1) the presence of characteristic tRNAs and ribosomal RNAs; (2) the absence of peptidoglycan cell walls; (3) the presence of ether-linked lipids built from branched-chain subunits; and (4) their occurrence in unusual habitats. While archaea resemble bacteria in morphology and genomic organization, they resemble eukarya in their method of genomic replication. The domain contains at least four kingdoms: CRENARCHAEOTA; EURYARCHAEOTA; NANOARCHAEOTA; and KORARCHAEOTA.Fatty Acids, Essential: Long chain organic acid molecules that must be obtained from the diet. Examples are LINOLEIC ACIDS and LINOLENIC ACIDS.Weight Loss: Decrease in existing BODY WEIGHT.Rabbits: The species Oryctolagus cuniculus, in the family Leporidae, order LAGOMORPHA. Rabbits are born in burrows, furless, and with eyes and ears closed. In contrast with HARES, rabbits have 22 chromosome pairs.Linoleic Acids: Eighteen-carbon essential fatty acids that contain two double bonds.Reproducibility of Results: The statistical reproducibility of measurements (often in a clinical context), including the testing of instrumentation or techniques to obtain reproducible results. The concept includes reproducibility of physiological measurements, which may be used to develop rules to assess probability or prognosis, or response to a stimulus; reproducibility of occurrence of a condition; and reproducibility of experimental results.HexosaminesPhenotype: The outward appearance of the individual. It is the product of interactions between genes, and between the GENOTYPE and the environment.Geologic Sediments: A mass of organic or inorganic solid fragmented material, or the solid fragment itself, that comes from the weathering of rock and is carried by, suspended in, or dropped by air, water, or ice. It refers also to a mass that is accumulated by any other natural agent and that forms in layers on the earth's surface, such as sand, gravel, silt, mud, fill, or loess. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed, p1689)Ethicists: Persons trained in philosophical or theological ethics who work in clinical, research, public policy, or other settings where they bring their expertise to bear on the analysis of ethical dilemmas in policies or cases. (Bioethics Thesaurus)Ultracentrifugation: Centrifugation with a centrifuge that develops centrifugal fields of more than 100,000 times gravity. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)Fish Oils: Oils high in unsaturated fats extracted from the bodies of fish or fish parts, especially the LIVER. Those from the liver are usually high in VITAMIN A. The oils are used as DIETARY SUPPLEMENTS. They are also used in soaps and detergents and as protective coatings.Muscles: Contractile tissue that produces movement in animals.Age Factors: Age as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or the effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from AGING, a physiological process, and TIME FACTORS which refers only to the passage of time.Algorithms: A procedure consisting of a sequence of algebraic formulas and/or logical steps to calculate or determine a given task.Rats, Inbred Strains: Genetically identical individuals developed from brother and sister matings which have been carried out for twenty or more generations or by parent x offspring matings carried out with certain restrictions. This also includes animals with a long history of closed colony breeding.Patient Acceptance of Health Care: The seeking and acceptance by patients of health service.Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy: Spectroscopic method of measuring the magnetic moment of elementary particles such as atomic nuclei, protons or electrons. It is employed in clinical applications such as NMR Tomography (MAGNETIC RESONANCE IMAGING).Uronic Acids: Acids derived from monosaccharides by the oxidation of the terminal (-CH2OH) group farthest removed from the carbonyl group to a (-COOH) group. (From Stedmans, 26th ed)Water Microbiology: The presence of bacteria, viruses, and fungi in water. This term is not restricted to pathogenic organisms.Oxygen Isotopes: Stable oxygen atoms that have the same atomic number as the element oxygen, but differ in atomic weight. O-17 and 18 are stable oxygen isotopes.HexosesSterols: Steroids with a hydroxyl group at C-3 and most of the skeleton of cholestane. Additional carbon atoms may be present in the side chain. (IUPAC Steroid Nomenclature, 1987)Sex Factors: Maleness or femaleness as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from SEX CHARACTERISTICS, anatomical or physiological manifestations of sex, and from SEX DISTRIBUTION, the number of males and females in given circumstances.PolysaccharidesImmunodiffusion: Technique involving the diffusion of antigen or antibody through a semisolid medium, usually agar or agarose gel, with the result being a precipitin reaction.Cholesterol Esters: Fatty acid esters of cholesterol which constitute about two-thirds of the cholesterol in the plasma. The accumulation of cholesterol esters in the arterial intima is a characteristic feature of atherosclerosis.Glycoproteins: Conjugated protein-carbohydrate compounds including mucins, mucoid, and amyloid glycoproteins.Population Density: Number of individuals in a population relative to space.EnglandGenetic Variation: Genotypic differences observed among individuals in a population.DNA: A deoxyribonucleotide polymer that is the primary genetic material of all cells. Eukaryotic and prokaryotic organisms normally contain DNA in a double-stranded state, yet several important biological processes transiently involve single-stranded regions. DNA, which consists of a polysugar-phosphate backbone possessing projections of purines (adenine and guanine) and pyrimidines (thymine and cytosine), forms a double helix that is held together by hydrogen bonds between these purines and pyrimidines (adenine to thymine and guanine to cytosine).Health Care Surveys: Statistical measures of utilization and other aspects of the provision of health care services including hospitalization and ambulatory care.Breeding: The production of offspring by selective mating or HYBRIDIZATION, GENETIC in animals or plants.Bile: An emulsifying agent produced in the LIVER and secreted into the DUODENUM. Its composition includes BILE ACIDS AND SALTS; CHOLESTEROL; and ELECTROLYTES. It aids DIGESTION of fats in the duodenum.Denaturing Gradient Gel Electrophoresis: Electrophoresis in which various denaturant gradients are used to induce nucleic acids to melt at various stages resulting in separation of molecules based on small sequence differences including SNPs. The denaturants used include heat, formamide, and urea.BrazilOrthodontics: A dental specialty concerned with the prevention and correction of dental and oral anomalies (malocclusion).Cells, Cultured: Cells propagated in vitro in special media conducive to their growth. Cultured cells are used to study developmental, morphologic, metabolic, physiologic, and genetic processes, among others.Electron Probe Microanalysis: Identification and measurement of ELEMENTS and their location based on the fact that X-RAYS emitted by an element excited by an electron beam have a wavelength characteristic of that element and an intensity related to its concentration. It is performed with an electron microscope fitted with an x-ray spectrometer, in scanning or transmission mode.Monoterpenes: Compounds with a core of 10 carbons generally formed via the mevalonate pathway from the combination of 3,3-dimethylallyl pyrophosphate and isopentenyl pyrophosphate. They are cyclized and oxidized in a variety of ways. Due to the low molecular weight many of them exist in the form of essential oils (OILS, VOLATILE).Fungi: A kingdom of eukaryotic, heterotrophic organisms that live parasitically as saprobes, including MUSHROOMS; YEASTS; smuts, molds, etc. They reproduce either sexually or asexually, and have life cycles that range from simple to complex. Filamentous fungi, commonly known as molds, refer to those that grow as multicellular colonies.Protein Binding: The process in which substances, either endogenous or exogenous, bind to proteins, peptides, enzymes, protein precursors, or allied compounds. Specific protein-binding measures are often used as assays in diagnostic assessments.
"Journal of Food Composition and Analysis. 38: 106-111. doi:10.1016/j.jfca.2014.10.008.. ... carotenoid and tocopherol compositions of 20 Canadian lentil cultivars and synergistic contribution to antioxidant activities ... Composition[edit]. Lentils, raw (dry weight). Nutritional value per 100 g (3.5 oz). ... The composition of lentils leads to a high emulsifying capacity which can be even increased by dough fermentation in bread ...
History of the composition[edit]. Allegro barbaro was composed in 1911, but the first performance didn't occur until 1921.[1] ... Like many of Bartók's compositions, there are several different editions of Allegro barbaro. The piece was performed in private ... A typical diagram looks like this: A,B,A.[4] The beginning of the composition centers on F#, the second thematic area centers ... Many analyses of this composition include the overall form and harmonies, but have not been able to find a pattern in how the ...
Composition[edit]. Arabinogalactan is a biopolymer consisting of arabinose and galactose monosaccharides. It is a major ... and it is used as a binder in pyrotechnic compositions. Pharmaceutical drugs and cosmetics also use the gum as a binder, ... Gum arabic is also used as a water-soluble binder in fireworks composition. ...
Structure and composition[edit]. Composition[edit]. Composition of the atmosphere of Venus. The chart on the right is an ... Comparison of Atmosphere Compositions - Venus, Mars, Earth (past and present).. The atmosphere is divided into a number of ... Krasnopolsky, V. A.; Parshev, V. A. (1981). "Chemical composition of the atmosphere of Venus". Nature. 292 (5824): 610-613. ... but their composition is still unknown.[55] In 2016, disulfur dioxide was identified as a possible candidate for causing the so ...
"Milk Composition - Proteins". ansci.illinois.edu. Retrieved 2016-12-16.. *^ "Structure: The Casein Micelle , Food Science". www ... cow milk fat globules: Size distribution, zeta-potential, compositions in total fatty acids and in polar lipids from the milk ... Protein composition[edit]. Milk is made up of approximately 3.0-3.5% protein. The main proteins in cream are caseins and whey ...
List of compositions[edit]. Main article: List of compositions by Carlos Salzedo ... He dedicated the composition to Lucile Lawrence.[53] Pentacle was a suite of five pieces for two harps, which the Milwaukee ... His compositions made the harp into a virtuoso instrument.[68] He influenced many composers with his new ideas for the harp's ... His compositions made the harp into a virtuoso instrument. He influenced many composers with his new ideas for the harp's ...
... but their methods of composition were traditional. They arranged their compositions so that the main subject commanded the ... An example is Monet's Jardin à Sainte-Adresse, 1867, with its bold blocks of colour and composition on a strong diagonal slant ... open composition, emphasis on accurate depiction of light in its changing qualities (often accentuating the effects of the ... of candid poses and compositions, of the play of light expressed in a bright and varied use of colour. ...
Subunit composition[edit]. AMPARs are composed of four types of subunits, designated as GluA1 (GRIA1), GluA2 (GRIA2), GluA3 ( ... Subunit compositions are determined at the time of modification at the rough ER.[9] After post-ER processing in the golgi ... The subunit composition of the AMPAR is also important for the way this receptor is modulated. If an AMPAR lacks GluA2 subunits ... Constitutive trafficking and changes in subunit composition[edit]. AMPA receptors are continuously being trafficked ( ...
Selected compositions[edit]. *Atem Gottes hauch mich an. 2013. For vocals solo and piano/organ, text: Dorothee Sölle. ... followed by studies of composition with Günther Kretzschmar [de], Karlheinz Stockhausen, and Helge Jung. He attended seminars ... which defines and realizes composition as the sounding body of words. During conceptual conversations with bishop Friedrich ...
Compositions[edit]. (Selected, with some titles linked to recorded performances archived at YouTube.com) ... He later studied composition with Jack Beeson at Columbia University (1962-65). Ramey has had professional associations with ... He studied composition with the Russian-born composer Alexander Tcherepnin from 1959 to 1962, first at the International ...
Around 1835 Bruckner wrote his first composition, a Pange lingua - one of the compositions which he revised at the end of his ... Compositions[edit]. See also: List of compositions by Anton Bruckner. Sometimes Bruckner's works are referred to by WAB numbers ... "Unlike Franck or Reger, however, he [Bruckner] has not left a single composition of any value for his instrument." ... a most unusual and evocative composition is the song Abendzauber (1878) for men's choir, man soloist, yodelers and four horns. ...
2007). "Io's surface composition". In Lopes, R. M. C.; Spencer, J. R. Io after Galileo. Springer-Praxis. pp. 194-229. ISBN 3- ... compositions. As a by-product of this activity, sulfur, sulfur dioxide gas and silicate pyroclastic material (like ash) are ... Surface composition[edit]. Io's colorful appearance is the result of materials deposited by its extensive volcanism, including ... 2006). "Composition of jovian dust stream particles". Icarus. 183 (1): 122-134. Bibcode:2006Icar..183..122P. doi:10.1016/j. ...
In the same year he also obtained an MA from Mills College, where he studied composition with Darius Milhaud (Hersh 2001). He ... Compositions[edit]. *Evolutions, for clarinet and piano (1962). *Sir Gawain and the Green Knight, chamber opera (1964) ...
Composition[edit]. The primary elements of all structures trends to remain same. The base model is normally circular, square or ... The moulding, sculpture and painting are also taken in vertical compositions to emphasise the different storey heights, ... In plan composition, the width of the shrine, the open space around it, the position and sizes of the surrounding structures, ... In vertical composition, this dimensional co-ordination is carried right up to the minute construction details such as the size ...
Composition[edit]. Preparation[edit]. The painting was first exhibited in 1891.[4] Prior to completion, a number of sketches ... were made which are preserved at the Tate Gallery and depict various alternative compositions such as the doctor being on the ... the American artist Joseph Tomanek painted a version of the painting making small changes to the composition.[15] In 1947 it ...
Composition and alloys[edit]. There are many different bronze alloys, but typically modern bronze is 88% copper and 12% tin.[16 ... Because historical pieces were often made of brasses (copper and zinc) and bronzes with different compositions, modern museum ... Bismuth bronze is a bronze alloy with a composition of 52% copper, 30% nickel, 12% zinc, 5% lead, and 1% bismuth. It is able to ... Silicon bronze has a composition of Si: 2.80-3.80%, Mn: 0.50-1.30%, Fe: 0.80% max., Zn: 1.50% max., Pb: 0.05% max., Cu: balance ...
Composition and reception[edit]. The Cunning Peasant was written at a time when there was a lack of high-quality Czech dramatic ...
... he completed just six compositions. Clearly his composition time was limited because he had to keep performing to support his ... The compositions were Beethoven's Appassionata and Chopin's Funeral March Sonata. He may have based his interpretation of the ... Moscow Conservatory and first compositions, 1885-1894[edit]. The Moscow Conservatory, where Rachmaninoff graduated from in 1892 ... 21), and left compositions for a proposed return visit to London unfulfilled.[63] In an attempt to revive his desire to compose ...
Other compositions[edit]. *Operas: Ariane; Le chevalier de neige; Une regrettable histoire; Médis et Alyssio ... In the 1949 Rome Prize competition, he won the First Second Grand Prize, and the First Prize for Composition.[5] He began ... In 1954 he wrote his first compositions for historical spectacles of light and sound, Lisieux and The Liberation of Paris. In ... where he studied fugue with Simone Plé-Caussade and composition with Henri Büsser. To help support himself, he took jobs ...
... composition), and Marcel Dupré (organ and improvisation). In 1942, she received the second Grand Prix de Rome in composition. ... Compositions[edit]. Organ solo[edit]. *Triptyque op. 11 (composed 1941. Paris: Bornemann/Leduc, 1982): *Litanies ... She also made numerous recordings, including several LPs with compositions of Marcel Dupré at the Auditorium Marcel Dupré in ... In addition to her numerous organ compositions, she wrote works for piano, harpsichord, solo instruments, orchestra, choir and ...
Composition[edit]. To compose two planar tangles, put the output disk of one into an input of the other, having as many ... The planar operad is the set of all the planar tangles (up to isomorphism) with such compositions. ... marked intervals, and these maps (also called partition functions) respect the composition of tangle in such a way that all the ... Note that two planar tangles can have zero, one or several possible compositions. ...
Uni/single composition alloy[edit]. Here, the alloy particles contain both Ag3Sn(γ) and Cu3Sn(ε), similar to the low-copper ... Prior to 1900 many compositions were tried but few were successful when placed in the oral environment. Around 1900, small ... Uni/single-composition alloy[16]. Admix alloy setting reaction[edit]. During trituration, the dissolved silver from the silver- ... Composition[edit]. Dental amalgam is produced by mixing liquid mercury with an alloy made of silver, tin, and copper solid ...
Although for many years scholars believed that Psalm 151 might have been an original Greek composition and that "there is no ... "Composer, Conductor, Professor". Compositions. Peter Eötvös. Retrieved 28 December 2012. Swete, Henry Barclay (1914), An ...
She stated that through composition, she had "found her fulfilment" in life. About her late start in composition, she stated ... "Margaret Garwood , Compositions , AllMusic". AllMusic. Retrieved 2015-12-17. "Hildegard Publishing Company - Explore Women ... Gideon would be Garwood's composition mentor. Their relationship did not consist of traditional composition lessons, but rather ... She turned into composition relatively late in her life, at age 35, starting to compose after the divorce from her first ...
This gave her a new sense of creativity, which led to some of her compositions to have certain elements of Israeli folk music. ... She was born in Latvia, and studied piano and composition at the Jāzeps Vītols Latvian Academy of Music originally known as the ... In 2000, Sarah received an award for her work "Thoughts On Playing" at the International Composition Competition in Miami, ...
Composition by Analogy. Composition by analogy is often referred to as the generative principle. Palmer coined the term "ergon ... Oral Exercises and Written Compositions. London, Longmans, Green. Palmer, H. E. (1939). New Method Series. English Practice ... Grammar and Composition for Reader 3. London, Longmans, Green. Wilson, J. and H. E. Palmer (1955). New English Course. Reader 3 ... Palmer, H. E. (1926). Graded Exercises in English Composition. Book I (Part II). Corresponding to the Book I (Part II) of the ...
Compositions of two real functions, absolute value and a cubic function, in different orders show a non-commutativity of the ... Composition operator[edit]. Main article: Composition operator. Given a function g, the composition operator Cg is defined as ... The composition of functions is always associative-a property inherited from the composition of relations.[1] That is, if f, g ... The composition of one-to-one functions is always one-to-one. Similarly, the composition of two onto functions is always onto. ...
A stable injectable composition includes a non-aqueous parasitic agent in a therapeutically effect amount, chosen from the ... 7. A composition as claimed in claim 4. wherein the carrier is an oil or mixture of oils suitable for injection into animals ... 8. A composition as claimed in claim 4. further containing an emulsifier and the emulsifier is present in the range from 5-50 w ... 9. A composition as claimed in claim 4. , wherein the antigen is selected from the group consisting of antigens and toxins for ...
As soundscape compositions incorporate both narrative and abstracted elements into their language, a further development is to ... Soundscape composition: the convergence of ethnography and acousmatic music. Organised Sound 7(1): 21-27.. ... Soundscape composition, in its varied and diverse forms, now has a lengthy tradition of working with contextualised sounds, as ... Soundscape composition as global music: Electroacoustic music as soundscape. Organised Sound 13(2): 103-10.. ...
The Senior Experience in composition consists of a recital (approx. 40 minutes) of original compositions and a portfolio of ... Fundamentals of Composition. Nine terms of composition courses. Techniques of the Contemporary Composer. Topics in Electronic ... Music Composition at Lawrence University is a comprehensive and collaborative pre-professional training program in composition ... A recent composition major even had the opportunity to commission a mass double reed ensemble piece for the convention. ...
0026] A composition according to the invention can thus be added to the said hot-water bath, or the composition may be used as ... 0021] The compositions according to the invention can be used in essentially the same way as prior art antifungal compositions ... fodder or silage with said composition. 7. The method of claim 1 wherein soil is contacted with said composition. 8. The method ... Antiplaque oral care compositions. August, 2006. Boyd et al.. 20070141035. Pluripotent olfactory stem cells. June, 2007. Li et ...
A composition for the cosmetic treatment of human skin, particularly facial skin, to remove retention products from the skin ... The proportion of the composition of Example 3 was less viscous but smoother than the composition of Example 1. The composition ... 3. Composition according to claim 2 wherein the alkyl polyol is a glycol. 4. Composition according to claim 3 wherein the ... In applying the composition to the skin, the conventional techniques are employed and the composition is permitted to dry and ...
All stars have, to a very good approximation, the same composition. The justification for this fundamental result was the ... We stressed that the observed composition of stars is uniform. ... thus indicating similar compositions. This general tenet ... We stressed that the observed composition of stars is uniform. All stars have, to a very good approximation, the same ... Shaviv G. (2012) The Composition-Age-Velocity Connection. In: The Synthesis of the Elements. Astrophysics and Space Science ...
The compositions in both collections are of two basic types, arrangements of vocal works and keyboard pieces entitled ... The compositions in both collections are of two basic types, arrangements of vocal works and keyboard pieces entitled ...
... defoaming or antifoaming composition such as simethicone, hydrocarbon-based oils or silicone oils. The composition may be ... A defoaming or antifoaming composition comprises a free flowing granular combinate of 50 to 90 weight percent of a water ... This invention relates to a composition whereby fluid, nonaqueous, defoaming or antifoaming compositions are prepared as ... 3. The composition of claim 1 wherein said liquid antifoaming or defoaming composition is taken up by the agglomerated ...
Methods of making and using the lubricant composition are also disclosed. ... A lubricant composition comprising a phosphorus-containing compound and a base oil comprising less than about 3% by weight of ... Lubricating composition. US20060264340. 20 May 2005. 23 Nov 2006. Iyer Ramnath N. Fluid compositions for dual clutch ... The lubricating compositions disclosed herein can be used to lubricate anything. In an aspect, the lubricating composition can ...
The present invention relates to ink composition for use in ink jet printers and in particular to such compositions, ... 8. A composition as claimed in claim 1 wherein said composition has a dewetting velocity of at least 0.3 mm.sec-1. ... 9. A composition as claimed in claim 8 wherein said composition has a dewetting velocity of at least 0.5 mm.sec-1. ... A composition as claimed in claim 8 wherein said composition has a dewetting velocity of at least 1 mm.sec-1. ...
Model compositions of Earth, Venus, and Mercury are calculated from the premise that planets and chondrites underwent four ... Chemical composition of Earth, Venus, and Mercury. John W. Morgan and Edward Anders ... Because elements of similar properties stay together in these processes, five constraints suffice to define the composition of ... The Major-Element Composition of Mercurys Surface from MESSENGER X-ray Spectrometry ...
The copper-type conductive coating composition provides a conductive coating layer having excellent initial conductivity and ... A copper-type conductive coating composition which comprises: (A) a copper powder, (B) a coating binder resin, and (C) at least ... Conductive coating compositions were prepared in the same manner as in Example 1 except that instead of salicylhydroxamic acid ... Paste composition and printed circuit board. US20030148024 *. 4 Oct 2002. 7 Aug 2003. Kodas Toivo T.. Low viscosity precursor ...
We are surrounded by symmetry and patterns, both natural and man-made., They can make for very eye-catching compositions, ... The rule of thirds is one of the main "rules" in art and photographic composition and stems from the theory that the human eye ... Transcript of Composition. By: Spencer Miles. Composition. Leading Lines. Rule of Thirds. Framing. Cropping. http://www. ... http://photoinf.com/General/Geoff_Lawrence/Composition.html. When you crop an image or photo, you remove part of the image. ...
compositions, material suppliers,. etc), please click the button below.. Manufacturer Notes:. none Category Notes. none Some of ... Searches: Advanced • Composition • Property • Material Type • Manufacturer • Trade Name • UNS Number Other Links: Advertising ... Composition Notes: The aluminum content for unalloyed aluminum made by a refining process is the difference between 100.00 ... Composition information provided by the Aluminum Association and is not for design.. ...
compositions, material suppliers,. etc), please click the button below.. Manufacturer Notes:. none Category Notes. none Some of ... Composition Notes:. Composition information provided by the Aluminum Association and is not for design.. ... Searches: Advanced • Composition • Property • Material Type • Manufacturer • Trade Name • UNS Number Other Links: Advertising ...
... comprising a first marking composition comprising wax, a dye, which is other than a Leuco dye and which is capable of changing ... which is capable of inducing a color change in a dye in a marking composition with which it is brought in contact. ... and a second marking composition comprising wax and a color change-inducing compound, ... A color-changing marking composition system, suitable for use in the form of crayons and pencils, ...
A positive resist composition comprising (A) a compound that generates an acid upon irradiation of an actinic ray or radiation ... Then, each of the positive resist compositions described above was coated thereon by a spin coater and dried at 115 C. for 90 ... 5. The positive resist composition as claimed in claim 1. , wherein the positive resist composition further comprises (D) a ... 6. The positive resist composition as claimed in claim 1. , wherein the positive resist composition further comprises (E) a ...
... where the adhesive composition includes a substantially homogeneous mixture of 15-60% of one or more rubbery components, 10-60 ... A pressure sensitive adhesive composition suitable for medical purposes comprising a rubbery elastomeric base and water soluble ... In an analogous manner as disclosed in Example 1 adhesive compositions according to the invention having the compositions in ... an orthosis and a prosthesis with a composition wherein the composition is a pressure sensitive adhesive composition according ...
The pharmaceutical composition provides a slow release of active ingredient at a highly acidic pH and provides a constant, ... Oral administration of the pharmaceutical pellet composition of the present invention to a patient is effective to deliver to ... The present invention relates to a pharmaceutical pellet composition having a core element including at least one highly ... Sustained release compositions and a method of preparing pharmaceutical compositions. US6190692. 16 Dic 1997. 20 Feb 2001. ...
When the composition is over, be sure to allow the butterfly to fly away outside. The composition may be any length but if an ... Then announce that everyone may do whatever he wishes for the duration of the composition. The composition is dated 14 May 1960 ... The Compositions 1960 are a set of pieces written in 1960 by composer La Monte Young. These pieces are unique in the sense that ... This is the most popular of the Compositions 1960. In #7, the entirety of the score consists of two notes: a B3 and F#4, and ...
The methods involve topically applying to an affected skin area a topical aqueous gel composition comprising about 0.01% to ... Topical low-viscosity gel composition. US6432934. 6 Aug 1998. 13 Aug 2002. Advanced Vision Research. Methods and compositions ... The term "topical aqueous gel composition," as used herein, means any aqueous gel formulation or composition which is ... Topical gel compositions and methods of use. US20120214816. 26 Apr 2012. 23 Aug 2012. Galdema R&D Inc.. Methods and ...
Methods, compositions, systems, devices and kits are provided herein for preparing and using a nanoparticle composition and ... Microorganism genomics, compositions and methods related thereto Patent Handelsman, Jo ; Goodman, Robert M. ; Rondon, Michelle ... Targeted antimicrobials and related compositions, methods and systems Patent Jackson, Paul J. ; Souza, Brian E. ; Bourguet, ... Nanolipoprotein particles and related compositions, methods and systems Patent Hoeprich, Paul D ; Fischer, Nicholas O ; Mason, ...
Subphthalocyanine colorants, ink compositions, and method of making the same. US6368396. 19 Jan 2000. 9 Apr 2002. Kimberly- ... Photopolymerizable liquid composition, viscoelastic product obtained from the composition, and process for producing the ... the composition may be purged with an inert gas such as nitrogen gas in order to remove the oxygen dissolved in the composition ... Photopolymerizable liquid composition, viscoelastic product obtained from the composition, and process for producing the ...
Disclosed is an ultra mild skin cleansing composition comprising: mild synthetic surfactants, moisturizers, polymeric skin feel ... Liquid cleansing composition. CN101001603B. 11 Mar 2005. 22 Aug 2012. 荷公聗吇利半有陘公叻. Beauty wash compositions comprising titanium ... The preferred soap level is 6-15% of the composition, particularly in ultra mild skin cleansing compositions which contain from ... Moisturizing compositions. US20070021314 *. 15 Jun 2006. 25 Jan 2007. Salvador Charlie R. Cleansing bar compositions comprising ...
  • A stable injectable composition includes a non-aqueous parasitic agent in a therapeutically effect amount, chosen from the group of avermectin, ivermectin, doramectin, abamectin, milbemycin and moxidecting, and an antigen in combination with a liquid carrier that also acts as an adjuvant for use with. (google.com)
  • A stable injectable composition includes a non-aqueous parasitic agent in a therapeutically effect amount, chosen from the group of avermectin, ivermectin, doramectin, abamectin, milbemycin and moxidecting, and an antigen in combination with a liquid carrier that also acts as an adjuvant for use with warm blooded animals and a method for treating parasitic diseases and preventing bacterial and viral diseases in warm blooded animals. (google.com)
  • This invention relates to novel compositions of macrolide avermectin and milbemycin endecticides with an immunising agent and in particular it relates to a stable injectable composition for use with warm-blooded animals, in particular ruminants. (google.com)
  • More specifically, the present invention is directed to stable imaging compositions suitable for application on a substrate to form an article and methods of using the articles. (google.com)
  • A problem with dispersion inks is to obtain a composition which is stable and yet which will yield a well-defined print, substantially free of feathering, and of acceptable optical density, when printed on plain paper from an ink jet print head. (google.de)
  • The copper-type conductive coating composition provides a conductive coating layer having excellent initial conductivity and capable of maintaining the level of it stable over a long period of the time. (google.co.uk)
  • 15. The composition of claim 11 , wherein the ash-containing compound is chosen from molybdenum-containing compounds, titanium-containing compounds, and tungsten-containing compounds. (google.es)
  • This class provides for compositions for treating living terrestrial and aquatic plants or their habitats for the purpose of stimulating or inhibiting growth, or any regulating action on plant growth, and the processes of using such compositions or compounds, per se, for such purposes which are not more than their mere application to the plant or habitat. (uspto.gov)
  • The compositions or compounds included in this class will alter the plant growth through a chemical modification of the plant metabolism. (uspto.gov)
  • 3) Antidotal compositions, i.e., compositions which contain compounds capable of protecting cultivated plants from being damaged by herbicidal chemicals without affecting the herbicidal action of said chemicals against the weeds or unwanted plants to be controlled. (uspto.gov)
  • Processes of using compositions or compounds, per se, and processes of making compositions, not provided for elsewhere are classified in the first appearing subclass providing for the particular active ingredient being employed or prepared. (uspto.gov)
  • The aim of this work was to evaluate antioxidant activities of the essential oil from aerial parts of P. lentiscus L from the region of Oran (Algeria), in relation with the composition of their compounds. (scirp.org)
  • The present invention relates to ink composition for use in ink jet printers and in particular to such compositions, hereinafter referred to as dispersion inks, comprising a diluent, a pigment and a dispersant for stabilising the dispersion of the pigment in the diluent. (google.de)
  • V. The Appellant maintained substantially that the Examining Division had failed to recognise the importance of the faster initial oil uptake (hereinafter 'faster IOU') of the claimed compositions demonstrated by the data reported in the patent example, whose meaning and measuring conditions had been clarified in the Appellant's letter of 2 September 2003. (epo.org)
  • The compositions comprise from about 0.1% to about 10.0% of a specifically-defined silicone copolymer and from about 0.5% to about 99.5% of a carrier suitable for application to hair. (patentgenius.com)
  • 7. A composition as claimed in claim 4 wherein the carrier is an oil or mixture of oils suitable for injection into animals and is chosen from the group comprising sesame oil, saponine oil, soya bean oil, corn oil, paraffin oils, purified derivatives of vegetable oils and mineral adjuvant oils and mixtures thereof, and wherein the carrier extends the activity of the parasitic agent. (google.com)
  • 13. The composition of claim 12 , wherein the long chain alkylene amine is chosen from N-oleyl-trimethylene diamine, N-tallow-trimethylene diamine, coco-trimethylene diamine, and mixtures thereof. (google.es)
  • 17. The composition of claim 15 , wherein the molybdenum-containing compound is chosen from molybdenum carboxylates, molybdenum amides, molybdenum thiophosphates, molybdenum thiocarbamates, and mixtures thereof. (google.es)
  • 4. A composition as claimed in claim 3, wherein the diluent includes a polar organic liquid selected from the group consisting of alcohols, ethers, esters, ketones and mixtures thereof. (google.de)
  • 5. A composition as claimed in claim 4 wherein the polar organic liquid is selected from the group consisting of aliphatic alcohols, glycols, polyglycols, ethers of glycols and polyglycols, alkoxylated alkyl phenols and mixtures thereof. (google.de)
  • 2. The color-changing marking composition system of claim 1, wherein said dye in said first marking composition is selected from the group consisting of polymethine dyes, azo dyes, xanthene dyes, sulfonphthalein dyes, phthalide dyes, and mixtures thereof. (google.ca)
  • 14. The non-irritating photoprotective cosmetic composition of claim 1, wherein said lubricant is selected from the group consisting of glycerin, PEG-8, PEG-400, and any combinations thereof. (patentgenius.com)
  • 4. A polymer composition according to claim 1 wherein said carrier is selected from the group consisting of water, ethanol, volatile siloxanes, hydrocarbons, halogenated hydrocarbons, and mixtures thereof. (patentgenius.com)
  • The methods involve topically applying to an affected skin area a topical aqueous gel composition comprising about 0.01% to about 10% by weight of at least one α-adrenergic receptor. (google.co.uk)
  • 1. A method of treating erythema or a symptom associated therewith in a subject, the method comprising topically administering to a skin area of the subject a topical composition comprising about 0.01% to about 10% by weight of at least one alpha adrenergic receptor agonist and a pharmaceutically acceptable carrier, wherein the skin area is, or is prone to be, affected by the erythema or the symptom associated therewith. (google.co.uk)
  • A photopolymerizable liquid composition as claimed in any of claims 1 to 3, wherein the photopolymerization initiator is a mixture of a polyfunctional initiator and a monofunctional initiator. (google.ca)
  • A viscoelastic product produced by irradiating with light the photopolymerizable liquid composition as claimed in any of claims 1 to 7, thereby to polymerise said vinyl monomer. (google.ca)
  • 4. Savoury, particulate composition according to any one of the previous claims, wherein the calcium carbonate powder has a specific surface area in the range of 1-200 m 2 /g, preferably in the range of 20-180 m 2 /g, even more preferably in the range of 30-160 -200 m 2 /g, measured using nitrogen and the BET method according to ISO 9277:2010. (sumobrain.com)
  • You will compose a large variety of instrumental and vocal chamber music and present frequent public performances of your music during Composition Studio Recitals and you may be selected to compose a work for performance by one of the conservatory's large ensembles. (lawrence.edu)
  • Mendoza's new album Nights on Earth features his own compositions arranged for small and large ensembles. (keyboardmag.com)
  • We also analyzed droplets from each of the three conditions for sterol ester (SE) and triacylglycerol (TAG) content, along with their respective fatty acid compositions. (ornl.gov)
  • The composition contains as the principal adsorbent cleaning medium a mineral zeolite material, i.e., a high silica zeolite or polymorph, and is characterized by being highly effective in the absence of gums and/or mineral oils which are commonly used as essential ingredients in pore-cleaning cosmetic composition. (freepatentsonline.com)
  • The literature is replete with proposed treatments and compositions for that purpose which involve both physical and chemical approaches. (freepatentsonline.com)
  • 2) The rules for determining Class placement of the Original Reference (OR) for claimed chemical compositions are set forth in the Class Definition of Class 252 in the section LINES WITH OTHER CLASSES AND WITHIN THIS CLASS, subsection COMPOSITION CLASS SUPERIORITY, which includes a hierarchical ORDER OF SUPERIORITY FOR COMPOSITION CLASSES. (uspto.gov)
  • Change in the chemical composition of infalling gas forming a disk around a protostar. (nature.com)
  • Abdelkader, H. , Nadia, K. and Salima, B. (2016) Chemical Composition and Antioxidant Potential of Pistacia lentiscus L. Essential Oil from Oran (Algeria). (scirp.org)
  • The observations demonstrated time and again that, to a very good approximation, the overwhelming majority of stars (at least those nearby) exhibit similar line ratios for the same effective surface temperatures, thus indicating similar compositions. (springer.com)
  • Further, nickel powder is most commonly employed as the conductive filler for conductive coating compositions, particularly for shielding purposes, in view of its conductivity or retention of the conductivity. (google.co.uk)
  • With respect to the technique for the prevention of the oxidation of the copper powder in conductive coating compositions of this type, various proposals have been made including the one in which phosphite type compound is used (U.S. Pat. (google.co.uk)
  • Model compositions of Earth, Venus, and Mercury are calculated from the premise that planets and chondrites underwent four identical fractionation processes in the solar nebula. (pnas.org)
  • Because elements of similar properties stay together in these processes, five constraints suffice to define the composition of a planet: mass of the core, abundance of U, and the ratios K/U, Tl/U, and FeO/(FeO + MgO). (pnas.org)
  • 47, Plant Husbandry, subclass 57.6 for processes of treating the soil and its product (1) which do not involve the application of a specific plant growth regulating composition to terrestrial or aquatic plants or their habitats, or (2) which are more than mere application of a specific composition to the plant or the soil, e.g., include some mechanical manipulation of the plant or soil. (uspto.gov)
  • A lubricant composition comprising a phosphorus-containing compound and a base oil comprising less than about 3% by weight of tetracycloparaffins is disclosed. (google.es)
  • 24. A method of reducing thin-film friction of a fluid between surfaces comprising providing to the fluid a composition comprising a phosphorus-containing compound and a mineral base oil comprising less than about 3%, and not 0%, by weight of tetracycloparaffins. (google.es)
  • A color-changing marking composition system, suitable for use in the form of crayons and pencils, comprising a first marking composition comprising wax, a dye, which is other than a Leuco dye and which is capable of changing color upon contact with a color change-inducing compound, and a solvent capable. (google.ca)
  • and a second marking composition comprising wax and a color change-inducing compound, which is capable of inducing a color change in a dye in a marking composition with which it is brought in contact. (google.ca)
  • b) a second marking composition comprising a wax and a color change-inducing compound which when contacted with the dye induces a color change in the dye. (google.ca)
  • 4) Soil life extenders, i.e., compositions which contain a herbicide and a compound useful for extending the soil life of said herbicide. (uspto.gov)
  • A pressure sensitive adhesive composition suitable for medical purposes comprising a rubbery elastomeric base and water soluble or water swellable hydrocolloids, where the adhesive composition includes a substantially homogeneous mixture of 15-60% of one or more rubbery components, 10-60% of a mixture. (google.com.au)
  • These compositions are characterized by the fact that, when dried, the polymer phase separates into a discontinuous phase which includes a silicone macromer and a continuous phase which includes the copolymer backbone. (patentgenius.com)
  • In mathematics , function composition is the pointwise application of one function to the result of another to produce a third function. (wikipedia.org)
  • The imaging composition is energy sensitive such that upon application of a sufficient amount of energy to the composition a color or shade change is affected. (google.com)
  • addressed the same technical problem of the present application and that the claimed compositions provided an obvious alternative to this prior art. (epo.org)
  • The technical problem explicitly addressed in the present application is undisputedly that of providing aqueous clear cleaning compositions which produce excellent removal of greasy soils from hard surfaces and require reduced wiping and/or rinsing (see e.g. page 1, lines 5 to 8, and page 3, lines 11 to 13 and 22 to 24). (epo.org)
  • Temporary style alteration has generally been accomplished by means of the application of a composition to dampened hair after shampooing and/or conditioning and prior to drying and/or styling. (patentgenius.com)
  • The first polymer has a crosslinked core and has a glass transition temperature in the range of −30 C. to 100 C. The second polymer containing select crosslinking groups and has a glass transition temperature in the range of −10 C. to less than 18 C. A process to prepare the polymer composition is provided. (google.es)
  • The polymer composition has good low temperature film formation and provides a film with an acceptable level of hardness. (google.es)
  • The polymer composition is film forming at low temperature and provides a coating having a hard film. (google.es)
  • The desire is to extend the range of known analytical techniques used for composition evaluation from a low temperature regime, where variables can be independently separated and studied, to a high temperature regime, where many variables contribute simultaneously to the signal. (thefreelibrary.com)
  • and the photosensitive copper conductive composition being fireable at a temperature in the range of 450-600 C. in a reductive atmosphere. (google.de)