Important polyunsaturated fatty acid found in fish oils. It serves as the precursor for the prostaglandin-3 and thromboxane-3 families. A diet rich in eicosapentaenoic acid lowers serum lipid concentration, reduces incidence of cardiovascular disorders, prevents platelet aggregation, and inhibits arachidonic acid conversion into the thromboxane-2 and prostaglandin-2 families.
C22-unsaturated fatty acids found predominantly in FISH OILS.
A group of fatty acids, often of marine origin, which have the first unsaturated bond in the third position from the omega carbon. These fatty acids are believed to reduce serum triglycerides, prevent insulin resistance, improve lipid profile, prolong bleeding times, reduce platelet counts, and decrease platelet adhesiveness.
An agency in the Executive Branch of the Federal Government. It was created as an independent regulatory agency responsible for the implementation of federal laws designed to protect the environment. Its mission is to protect human health and the ENVIRONMENT.
Oils high in unsaturated fats extracted from the bodies of fish or fish parts, especially the LIVER. Those from the liver are usually high in VITAMIN A. The oils are used as DIETARY SUPPLEMENTS. They are also used in soaps and detergents and as protective coatings.
A fatty acid that is found in plants and involved in the formation of prostaglandins.
FATTY ACIDS in which the carbon chain contains one or more double or triple carbon-carbon bonds.
FATTY ACIDS which have the first unsaturated bond in the sixth position from the omega carbon. A typical American diet tends to contain substantially more omega-6 than OMEGA-3 FATTY ACIDS.
An order of pelagic, shrimplike CRUSTACEA. Many consume ZOOPLANKTON and a few are predacious. Many antarctic species, such as Euphausia superba, constitute the chief food of other animals.
The fixed oil obtained from the dried ripe seed of linseed, Linum usitatissimum (L. Linaceae). It is used as an emollient in liniments, pastes, and medicinal soaps, and in veterinary medicine as a laxative. It is also called flaxseed oil. (Dorland, 28th ed)
An unsaturated, essential fatty acid. It is found in animal and human fat as well as in the liver, brain, and glandular organs, and is a constituent of animal phosphatides. It is formed by the synthesis from dietary linoleic acid and is a precursor in the biosynthesis of prostaglandins, thromboxanes, and leukotrienes.
Organic, monobasic acids derived from hydrocarbons by the equivalent of oxidation of a methyl group to an alcohol, aldehyde, and then acid. Fatty acids are saturated and unsaturated (FATTY ACIDS, UNSATURATED). (Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)
Products in capsule, tablet or liquid form that provide dietary ingredients, and that are intended to be taken by mouth to increase the intake of nutrients. Dietary supplements can include macronutrients, such as proteins, carbohydrates, and fats; and/or MICRONUTRIENTS, such as VITAMINS; MINERALS; and PHYTOCHEMICALS.
Marine fish and shellfish used as food or suitable for food. (Webster, 3d ed) SHELLFISH and FISH PRODUCTS are more specific types of SEAFOOD.
Lipids containing one or more phosphate groups, particularly those derived from either glycerol (phosphoglycerides see GLYCEROPHOSPHOLIPIDS) or sphingosine (SPHINGOLIPIDS). They are polar lipids that are of great importance for the structure and function of cell membranes and are the most abundant of membrane lipids, although not stored in large amounts in the system.
Unsaturated fats or oils used in foods or as a food.
Oils derived from plants or plant products.
A doubly unsaturated fatty acid, occurring widely in plant glycosides. It is an essential fatty acid in mammalian nutrition and is used in the biosynthesis of prostaglandins and cell membranes. (From Stedman, 26th ed)
An omega-6 fatty acid produced in the body as the delta 6-desaturase metabolite of linoleic acid. It is converted to dihomo-gamma-linolenic acid, a biosynthetic precursor of monoenoic prostaglandins such as PGE1. (From Merck Index, 11th ed)
A group of cold-blooded, aquatic vertebrates having gills, fins, a cartilaginous or bony endoskeleton, and elongated bodies covered with scales.
A non-taxonomic term for unicellular microscopic algae which are found in both freshwater and marine environments. Some authors consider DIATOMS; CYANOBACTERIA; HAPTOPHYTA; and DINOFLAGELLATES as part of microalgae, even though they are not algae.
Oil from soybean or soybean plant.
Regular course of eating and drinking adopted by a person or animal.
Fats present in food, especially in animal products such as meat, meat products, butter, ghee. They are present in lower amounts in nuts, seeds, and avocados.
A family of enzymes that catalyze the stereoselective, regioselective, or chemoselective syn-dehydrogenation reactions. They function by a mechanism that is linked directly to reduction of molecular OXYGEN.
A species of MITOSPORIC FUNGI commonly found on the body surface. It causes opportunistic infections especially in immunocompromised patients.
A butterlike product made of refined vegetable oils, sometimes blended with animal fats, and emulsified usually with water or milk. It is used as a butter substitute. (From Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)
A common name (but used formally) for a group of organisms that are mostly kinds of algae including BACILLARIOPHYTA; OOMYCETES; PHAEOPHYCEAE; and CHRYSOPHYCEAE. They all contain CHLOROPLASTS that are thought to have been derived from the endosymbiosis of ancient RED ALGAE.
A class of compounds named after and generally derived from C20 fatty acids (EICOSANOIC ACIDS) that includes PROSTAGLANDINS; LEUKOTRIENES; THROMBOXANES, and HYDROXYEICOSATETRAENOIC ACIDS. They have hormone-like effects mediated by specialized receptors (RECEPTORS, EICOSANOID).
A method of studying a drug or procedure in which both the subjects and investigators are kept unaware of who is actually getting which specific treatment.
Devices for generating biological products that use light as the energy source. They are used for controlled BIOMASS production such as growing cyanobacteria, mosses, or algae.
Substances or energies, for example heat or light, which when introduced into the air, water, or land threaten life or health of individuals or ECOSYSTEMS.
Fractionation of a vaporized sample as a consequence of partition between a mobile gaseous phase and a stationary phase held in a column. Two types are gas-solid chromatography, where the fixed phase is a solid, and gas-liquid, in which the stationary phase is a nonvolatile liquid supported on an inert solid matrix.
A generic term for fats and lipoids, the alcohol-ether-soluble constituents of protoplasm, which are insoluble in water. They comprise the fats, fatty oils, essential oils, waxes, phospholipids, glycolipids, sulfolipids, aminolipids, chromolipids (lipochromes), and fatty acids. (Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)
The exposure to potentially harmful chemical, physical, or biological agents in the environment or to environmental factors that may include ionizing radiation, pathogenic organisms, or toxic chemicals.
The monitoring of the level of toxins, chemical pollutants, microbial contaminants, or other harmful substances in the environment (soil, air, and water), workplace, or in the bodies of people and animals present in that environment.
20-carbon saturated monocarboxylic acids.
Red blood cells. Mature erythrocytes are non-nucleated, biconcave disks containing HEMOGLOBIN whose function is to transport OXYGEN.
Physiological processes in biosynthesis (anabolism) and degradation (catabolism) of LIPIDS.
An unsaturated fatty acid that is the most widely distributed and abundant fatty acid in nature. It is used commercially in the preparation of oleates and lotions, and as a pharmaceutical solvent. (Stedman, 26th ed)
General ill health, malnutrition, and weight loss, usually associated with chronic disease.
Contamination of bodies of water (such as LAKES; RIVERS; SEAS; and GROUNDWATER.)
Pathological conditions resulting from abnormal anabolism or catabolism of lipids in the body.
A series of prostaglandin-like compounds that are produced by the attack of free-radical species on unsaturated fatty acids, especially ARACHIDONIC ACID, of cellular MEMBRANES. Once cleaved from the lipid membrane by the action of phospholipases they can circulate into various bodily fluids and eventually be excreted. Although these compounds resemble enzymatically synthesized prostaglandins their stereoisometric arrangement is usually different than the "naturally occurring" compounds.
The science of controlling or modifying those conditions, influences, or forces surrounding man which relate to promoting, establishing, and maintaining health.
Food products manufactured from fish (e.g., FISH FLOUR, fish meal).
Means or process of supplying water (as for a community) usually including reservoirs, tunnels, and pipelines and often the watershed from which the water is ultimately drawn. (Webster, 3d ed)
The relationship between the dose of an administered drug and the response of the organism to the drug.
Long chain organic acid molecules that must be obtained from the diet. Examples are LINOLEIC ACIDS and LINOLENIC ACIDS.
A large group of facultatively anaerobic, rod-shaped bacteria that show up as pink (negative) when treated by the gram-staining method.
Beaches, both natural and man-made, used for bathing and other activities.
Contamination of the air, bodies of water, or land with substances that are harmful to human health and the environment.
Eighteen-carbon essential fatty acids that contain two double bonds.
Oil from ZEA MAYS or corn plant.
Clusters of colonic crypts that appear different from the surrounding mucosa when visualized after staining. They are of interest as putative precursors to colorectal adenomas and potential biomarkers for colorectal carcinoma.
Any substance in the air which could, if present in high enough concentration, harm humans, animals, vegetation or material. Substances include GASES; PARTICULATE MATTER; and volatile ORGANIC CHEMICALS.
Painful menstruation.
Substances which pollute the soil. Use for soil pollutants in general or for which there is no specific heading.
7-Hydroxycoumarins. Substances present in many plants, especially umbelliferae. Umbelliferones are used in sunscreen preparations and may be mutagenic. Their derivatives are used in liver therapy, as reagents, plant growth factors, sunscreens, insecticides, parasiticides, choleretics, spasmolytics, etc.
Measurement and evaluation of the components of substances to be taken as FOOD.
Guidelines and objectives pertaining to food supply and nutrition including recommendations for healthy diet.
Peroxidase catalyzed oxidation of lipids using hydrogen peroxide as an electron acceptor.
The study of ENVIRONMENTAL POLLUTION and the toxic effects of ENVIRONMENTAL POLLUTANTS on the ECOSYSTEM. The term was coined by Truhaut in 1969.
The major metabolite in neutrophil polymorphonuclear leukocytes. It stimulates polymorphonuclear cell function (degranulation, formation of oxygen-centered free radicals, arachidonic acid release, and metabolism). (From Dictionary of Prostaglandins and Related Compounds, 1990)
Chemical compounds which pollute the water of rivers, streams, lakes, the sea, reservoirs, or other bodies of water.
Oil obtained from fresh livers of the cod family, Gadidae. It is a source of VITAMIN A and VITAMIN D.
The enactment of laws and ordinances and their regulation by official organs of a nation, state, or other legislative organization. It refers also to health-related laws and regulations in general or for which there is no specific heading.
A plant genus of the family SAPINDACEAE. The seed of P. cupana is the source of guarana powder which contains 4% CAFFEINE.
A genus of gram-negative, facultatively anaerobic rods. It is a saprophytic, marine organism which is often isolated from spoiling fish.
An enzyme that catalyzes the syn-dehydrogenation of linoleol-CoA gamma-linolenoyl-CoA. It was formerly characterized as EC
The rear surface of an upright primate from the shoulders to the hip, or the dorsal surface of tetrapods.
Elements, compounds, mixtures, or solutions that are considered severely harmful to human health and the environment. They include substances that are toxic, corrosive, flammable, or explosive.
GLYCEROL esterified with a single acyl (FATTY ACIDS) chain.
A silver metallic element that exists as a liquid at room temperature. It has the atomic symbol Hg (from hydrargyrum, liquid silver), atomic number 80, and atomic weight 200.59. Mercury is used in many industrial applications and its salts have been employed therapeutically as purgatives, antisyphilitics, disinfectants, and astringents. It can be absorbed through the skin and mucous membranes which leads to MERCURY POISONING. Because of its toxicity, the clinical use of mercury and mercurials is diminishing.
Chemicals used to destroy pests of any sort. The concept includes fungicides (FUNGICIDES, INDUSTRIAL); INSECTICIDES; RODENTICIDES; etc.
The qualitative or quantitative estimation of the likelihood of adverse effects that may result from exposure to specified health hazards or from the absence of beneficial influences. (Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 1988)
A group of cognitive disorders characterized by the inability to perform previously learned skills that cannot be attributed to deficits of motor or sensory function. The two major subtypes of this condition are ideomotor (see APRAXIA, IDEOMOTOR) and ideational apraxia, which refers to loss of the ability to mentally formulate the processes involved with performing an action. For example, dressing apraxia may result from an inability to mentally formulate the act of placing clothes on the body. Apraxias are generally associated with lesions of the dominant PARIETAL LOBE and supramarginal gyrus. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, pp56-7)
Measurable and quantifiable biological parameters (e.g., specific enzyme concentration, specific hormone concentration, specific gene phenotype distribution in a population, presence of biological substances) which serve as indices for health- and physiology-related assessments, such as disease risk, psychiatric disorders, environmental exposure and its effects, disease diagnosis, metabolic processes, substance abuse, pregnancy, cell line development, epidemiologic studies, etc.
Waste products which threaten life, health, or the environment when improperly treated, stored, transported, disposed of, or otherwise managed.
A 20-carbon-chain fatty acid, unsaturated at positions 8, 11, and 14. It differs from arachidonic acid, 5,8,11,14-eicosatetraenoic acid, only at position 5.
The semi-permeable outer structure of a red blood cell. It is known as a red cell 'ghost' after HEMOLYSIS.
A commonly used laboratory solvent. It was previously used as an anesthetic, but was banned from use in the U.S. due to its suspected carcinogenicity.
The presence of contaminants or pollutant substances in the air (AIR POLLUTANTS) that interfere with human health or welfare, or produce other harmful environmental effects. The substances may include GASES; PARTICULATE MATTER; or volatile ORGANIC CHEMICALS.
Synthetic or natural substances which are given to prevent a disease or disorder or are used in the process of treating a disease or injury due to a poisonous agent.
The most common and most biologically active of the mammalian prostaglandins. It exhibits most biological activities characteristic of prostaglandins and has been used extensively as an oxytocic agent. The compound also displays a protective effect on the intestinal mucosa.
A series of hydrocarbons containing both chlorine and fluorine. These have been used as refrigerants, blowing agents, cleaning fluids, solvents, and as fire extinguishing agents. They have been shown to cause stratospheric ozone depletion and have been banned for many uses.
Unctuous combustible substances that are liquid or easily liquefiable on warming, and are soluble in ether but insoluble in water. Such substances, depending on their origin, are classified as animal, mineral, or vegetable oils. Depending on their behavior on heating, they are volatile or fixed. (Dorland, 28th ed)
Eighteen-carbon essential fatty acids that contain three double bonds.
Any dummy medication or treatment. Although placebos originally were medicinal preparations having no specific pharmacological activity against a targeted condition, the concept has been extended to include treatments or procedures, especially those administered to control groups in clinical trials in order to provide baseline measurements for the experimental protocol.
A strain of albino rat developed at the Wistar Institute that has spread widely at other institutions. This has markedly diluted the original strain.
The maximum exposure to a biologically active physical or chemical agent that is allowed during an 8-hour period (a workday) in a population of workers, or during a 24-hour period in the general population, which does not appear to cause appreciable harm, whether immediate or delayed for any period, in the target population. (From Lewis Dictionary of Toxicology, 1st ed)
A chemical reaction in which an electron is transferred from one molecule to another. The electron-donating molecule is the reducing agent or reductant; the electron-accepting molecule is the oxidizing agent or oxidant. Reducing and oxidizing agents function as conjugate reductant-oxidant pairs or redox pairs (Lehninger, Principles of Biochemistry, 1982, p471).
Volative flammable fuel (liquid hydrocarbons) derived from crude petroleum by processes such as distillation reforming, polymerization, etc.
FATTY ACIDS found in the plasma that are complexed with SERUM ALBUMIN for transport. These fatty acids are not in glycerol ester form.
A pathological process characterized by injury or destruction of tissues caused by a variety of cytologic and chemical reactions. It is usually manifested by typical signs of pain, heat, redness, swelling, and loss of function.
An enzyme of the oxidoreductase class primarily found in PLANTS. It catalyzes reactions between linoleate and other fatty acids and oxygen to form hydroperoxy-fatty acid derivatives.
Administrative units of government responsible for policy making and management of governmental activities.
The principal sterol of all higher animals, distributed in body tissues, especially the brain and spinal cord, and in animal fats and oils.
The mass or quantity of heaviness of an individual. It is expressed by units of pounds or kilograms.
The presence of bacteria, viruses, and fungi in water. This term is not restricted to pathogenic organisms.
Cells propagated in vitro in special media conducive to their growth. Cultured cells are used to study developmental, morphologic, metabolic, physiologic, and genetic processes, among others.
Substances or organisms which pollute the water or bodies of water. Use for water pollutants in general or those for which there is no specific heading.
Dietary practice of completely avoiding meat products in the DIET, consuming VEGETABLES, CEREALS, and NUTS. Some vegetarian diets called lacto-ovo also include milk and egg products.
Derivatives of phosphatidic acid in which the hydrophobic regions are composed of two fatty acids and a polar alcohol is joined to the C-3 position of glycerol through a phosphodiester bond. They are named according to their polar head groups, such as phosphatidylcholine and phosphatidylethanolamine.
Eicosatetraenoic acids substituted in any position by one or more hydroxy groups. They are important intermediates in a series of biosynthetic processes leading from arachidonic acid to a number of biologically active compounds such as prostaglandins, thromboxanes, and leukotrienes.
A large lobed glandular organ in the abdomen of vertebrates that is responsible for detoxification, metabolism, synthesis and storage of various substances.
Negative ions or salts derived from bromic acid, HBrO3.
Carcinogenic substances that are found in the environment.
Pesticides or their breakdown products remaining in the environment following their normal use or accidental contamination.
Inuktitut-speakers generally associated with the northern polar region.
A major group of unsaturated cyclic hydrocarbons containing two or more rings. The vast number of compounds of this important group, derived chiefly from petroleum and coal tar, are rather highly reactive and chemically versatile. The name is due to the strong and not unpleasant odor characteristic of most substances of this nature. (From Hawley's Condensed Chemical Dictionary, 12th ed, p96)
A common saturated fatty acid found in fats and waxes including olive oil, palm oil, and body lipids.
An enzyme that catalyzes the oxidation of arachidonic acid to yield 5-hydroperoxyarachidonate (5-HPETE) which is rapidly converted by a peroxidase to 5-hydroxy-6,8,11,14-eicosatetraenoate (5-HETE). The 5-hydroperoxides are preferentially formed in leukocytes.
Units that convert some other form of energy into electrical energy.
Records of nutrient intake over a specific period of time, usually kept by the patient.
Any of several processes in which undesirable impurities in water are removed or neutralized; for example, chlorination, filtration, primary treatment, ion exchange, and distillation. It includes treatment of WASTE WATER to provide potable and hygienic water in a controlled or closed environment as well as provision of public drinking water supplies.
Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.
An array of tests used to determine the toxicity of a substance to living systems. These include tests on clinical drugs, foods, and environmental pollutants.
The endogenous compounds that mediate inflammation (AUTACOIDS) and related exogenous compounds including the synthetic prostaglandins (PROSTAGLANDINS, SYNTHETIC).
Substances that reduce or suppress INFLAMMATION.
A genus of zygomycetous fungi of the family Mortierellaceae, order MUCORALES. Its species are abundant in soil and can cause rare infections in humans and animals. Mortierella alpinais is used for production of arachidonic acid.
A family of secreted protease inhibitory proteins that regulates the activity of SECRETED MATRIX METALLOENDOPEPTIDASES. They play an important role in modulating the proteolysis of EXTRACELLULAR MATRIX, most notably during tissue remodeling and inflammatory processes.
Non-nucleated disk-shaped cells formed in the megakaryocyte and found in the blood of all mammals. They are mainly involved in blood coagulation.
A nuclear transcription factor. Heterodimerization with RETINOID X RECEPTOR ALPHA is important in regulation of GLUCOSE metabolism and CELL GROWTH PROCESSES. It is a target of THIAZOLIDINEDIONES for control of DIABETES MELLITUS.
Total number of calories taken in daily whether ingested or by parenteral routes.
Fatty acids which are unsaturated in only one position.
Any food that has been supplemented with essential nutrients either in quantities that are greater than those present normally, or which are not present in the food normally. Fortified food includes also food to which various nutrients have been added to compensate for those removed by refinement or processing. (From Segen, Dictionary of Modern Medicine, 1992)
Lipids, predominantly phospholipids, cholesterol and small amounts of glycolipids found in membranes including cellular and intracellular membranes. These lipids may be arranged in bilayers in the membranes with integral proteins between the layers and peripheral proteins attached to the outside. Membrane lipids are required for active transport, several enzymatic activities and membrane formation.
An oily liquid extracted from the seeds of the safflower, Carthamus tinctorius. It is used as a dietary supplement in the management of HYPERCHOLESTEROLEMIA. It is used also in cooking, as a salad oil, and as a vehicle for medicines, paints, varnishes, etc. (Dorland, 28th ed & Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)
An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.
A stable, physiologically active compound formed in vivo from the prostaglandin endoperoxides. It is important in the platelet-release reaction (release of ADP and serotonin).
A condition of elevated levels of TRIGLYCERIDES in the blood.
An inducibly-expressed subtype of prostaglandin-endoperoxide synthase. It plays an important role in many cellular processes and INFLAMMATION. It is the target of COX2 INHIBITORS.
A course or method of action selected, usually by a government, from among alternatives to guide and determine present and future decisions.
Physiologically active compounds found in many organs of the body. They are formed in vivo from the prostaglandin endoperoxides and cause platelet aggregation, contraction of arteries, and other biological effects. Thromboxanes are important mediators of the actions of polyunsaturated fatty acids transformed by cyclooxygenase.
TRANSCRIPTION FACTORS that are activated by ligands and heterodimerize with RETINOID X RECEPTORS and bind to peroxisome proliferator response elements in the promoter regions of target genes.
Peroxides produced in the presence of a free radical by the oxidation of unsaturated fatty acids in the cell in the presence of molecular oxygen. The formation of lipid peroxides results in the destruction of the original lipid leading to the loss of integrity of the membranes. They therefore cause a variety of toxic effects in vivo and their formation is considered a pathological process in biological systems. Their formation can be inhibited by antioxidants, such as vitamin E, structural separation or low oxygen tension.
The common name for the phylum of microscopic unicellular STRAMENOPILES. Most are aquatic, being found in fresh, brackish, and salt water. Diatoms are noted for the symmetry and sculpturing of their siliceous cell walls. They account for 40% of PHYTOPLANKTON, but not all diatoms are planktonic.
A group of compounds that are derivatives of octadecanoic acid which is one of the most abundant fatty acids found in animal lipids. (Stedman, 25th ed)
An enzyme that catalyses the last step of the TRIACYLGLYCEROL synthesis reaction in which diacylglycerol is covalently joined to LONG-CHAIN ACYL COA to form triglyceride. It was formerly categorized as EC
Food and dietary formulations including elemental (chemically defined formula) diets, synthetic and semisynthetic diets, space diets, weight-reduction formulas, tube-feeding diets, complete liquid diets, and supplemental liquid and solid diets.
An enzyme that catalyzes the first and rate-determining steps of peroxisomal beta-oxidation of fatty acids. It acts on COENZYME A derivatives of fatty acids with chain lengths from 8 to 18, using FLAVIN-ADENINE DINUCLEOTIDE as a cofactor.
The unstable triatomic form of oxygen, O3. It is a powerful oxidant that is produced for various chemical and industrial uses. Its production is also catalyzed in the ATMOSPHERE by ULTRAVIOLET RAY irradiation of oxygen or other ozone precursors such as VOLATILE ORGANIC COMPOUNDS and NITROGEN OXIDES. About 90% of the ozone in the atmosphere exists in the stratosphere (STRATOSPHERIC OZONE).
The presence in food of harmful, unpalatable, or otherwise objectionable foreign substances, e.g. chemicals, microorganisms or diluents, before, during, or after processing or storage.
Pathological conditions involving the CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM including the HEART; the BLOOD VESSELS; or the PERICARDIUM.
Enzyme complexes that catalyze the formation of PROSTAGLANDINS from the appropriate unsaturated FATTY ACIDS, molecular OXYGEN, and a reduced acceptor.
The contamination of indoor air.
A shiny gray element with atomic symbol As, atomic number 33, and atomic weight 75. It occurs throughout the universe, mostly in the form of metallic arsenides. Most forms are toxic. According to the Fourth Annual Report on Carcinogens (NTP 85-002, 1985), arsenic and certain arsenic compounds have been listed as known carcinogens. (From Merck Index, 11th ed)
The edible portions of any animal used for food including domestic mammals (the major ones being cattle, swine, and sheep) along with poultry, fish, shellfish, and game.
Consumption of excessive DIETARY FATS.
The system of glands that release their secretions (hormones) directly into the circulatory system. In addition to the ENDOCRINE GLANDS, included are the CHROMAFFIN SYSTEM and the NEUROSECRETORY SYSTEMS.
Phenomena and pharmaceutics of compounds that inhibit the function of agonists (DRUG AGONISM) and inverse agonists (DRUG INVERSE AGONISM) for a specific receptor. On their own, antagonists produce no effect by themselves to a receptor, and are said to have neither intrinsic activity nor efficacy.
Conditions with excess LIPIDS in the blood.
The attachment of PLATELETS to one another. This clumping together can be induced by a number of agents (e.g., THROMBIN; COLLAGEN) and is part of the mechanism leading to the formation of a THROMBUS.
Addition of hydrogen to a compound, especially to an unsaturated fat or fatty acid. (From Stedman, 26th ed)
Mature contractile cells, commonly known as myocytes, that form one of three kinds of muscle. The three types of muscle cells are skeletal (MUSCLE FIBERS, SKELETAL), cardiac (MYOCYTES, CARDIAC), and smooth (MYOCYTES, SMOOTH MUSCLE). They are derived from embryonic (precursor) muscle cells called MYOBLASTS.
The giving of drugs, chemicals, or other substances by mouth.
An organothiophosphate cholinesterase inhibitor that is used as an insecticide and as an acaricide.
Fish of the genera ONCORHYNCHUS and Salmo in the family SALMONIDAE. They are anadromous game fish, frequenting the coastal waters of both the North Atlantic and Pacific. They are known for their gameness as a sport fish and for the quality of their flesh as a table fish. (Webster, 3d ed).
Substances that increase the risk of NEOPLASMS in humans or animals. Both genotoxic chemicals, which affect DNA directly, and nongenotoxic chemicals, which induce neoplasms by other mechanism, are included.
A process involving chance used in therapeutic trials or other research endeavor for allocating experimental subjects, human or animal, between treatment and control groups, or among treatment groups. It may also apply to experiments on inanimate objects.
The physiologically active and stable hydrolysis product of EPOPROSTENOL. Found in nearly all mammalian tissue.
A naturally radioactive element with atomic symbol Rn, atomic number 86, and atomic weight 222. It is a member of the noble gas family found in soil, and is released during the decay of radium.
RNA sequences that serve as templates for protein synthesis. Bacterial mRNAs are generally primary transcripts in that they do not require post-transcriptional processing. Eukaryotic mRNA is synthesized in the nucleus and must be exported to the cytoplasm for translation. Most eukaryotic mRNAs have a sequence of polyadenylic acid at the 3' end, referred to as the poly(A) tail. The function of this tail is not known for certain, but it may play a role in the export of mature mRNA from the nucleus as well as in helping stabilize some mRNA molecules by retarding their degradation in the cytoplasm.
Studies comparing two or more treatments or interventions in which the subjects or patients, upon completion of the course of one treatment, are switched to another. In the case of two treatments, A and B, half the subjects are randomly allocated to receive these in the order A, B and half to receive them in the order B, A. A criticism of this design is that effects of the first treatment may carry over into the period when the second is given. (Last, A Dictionary of Epidemiology, 2d ed)
Relating to the size of solids.
The last third of a human PREGNANCY, from the beginning of the 29th through the 42nd completed week (197 to 294 days) of gestation.
A microanalytical technique combining mass spectrometry and gas chromatography for the qualitative as well as quantitative determinations of compounds.
Established cell cultures that have the potential to propagate indefinitely.
Lipid-protein complexes involved in the transportation and metabolism of lipids in the body. They are spherical particles consisting of a hydrophobic core of TRIGLYCERIDES and CHOLESTEROL ESTERS surrounded by a layer of hydrophilic free CHOLESTEROL; PHOSPHOLIPIDS; and APOLIPOPROTEINS. Lipoproteins are classified by their varying buoyant density and sizes.
The appearance of carbonyl groups (such as aldehyde or ketone groups) in PROTEINS as the result of several oxidative modification reactions. It is a standard marker for OXIDATIVE STRESS. Carbonylated proteins tend to be more hydrophobic and resistant to proteolysis.
Foodstuff used especially for domestic and laboratory animals, or livestock.
A highly volatile inhalation anesthetic used mainly in short surgical procedures where light anesthesia with good analgesia is required. It is also used as an industrial solvent. Prolonged exposure to high concentrations of the vapor can lead to cardiotoxicity and neurological impairment.
A statistical technique that isolates and assesses the contributions of categorical independent variables to variation in the mean of a continuous dependent variable.
The range or frequency distribution of a measurement in a population (of organisms, organs or things) that has not been selected for the presence of disease or abnormality.
The status during which female mammals carry their developing young (EMBRYOS or FETUSES) in utero before birth, beginning from FERTILIZATION to BIRTH.
Branch of medicine concerned with the prevention and control of disease and disability, and the promotion of physical and mental health of the population on the international, national, state, or municipal level.
A non-steroidal anti-inflammatory agent (NSAID) that inhibits the enzyme cyclooxygenase necessary for the formation of prostaglandins and other autacoids. It also inhibits the motility of polymorphonuclear leukocytes.
Agents that have a strengthening effect on the heart or that can increase cardiac output. They may be CARDIAC GLYCOSIDES; SYMPATHOMIMETICS; or other drugs. They are used after MYOCARDIAL INFARCT; CARDIAC SURGICAL PROCEDURES; in SHOCK; or in congestive heart failure (HEART FAILURE).
The consumption of edible substances.
Phospholipases that hydrolyze the acyl group attached to the 2-position of PHOSPHOGLYCERIDES.
The science concerned with the detection, chemical composition, and biological action of toxic substances or poisons and the treatment and prevention of toxic manifestations.
A soft, grayish metal with poisonous salts; atomic number 82, atomic weight 207.19, symbol Pb. (Dorland, 28th)
Single preparations containing two or more active agents, for the purpose of their concurrent administration as a fixed dose mixture.
The extent to which the active ingredient of a drug dosage form becomes available at the site of drug action or in a biological medium believed to reflect accessibility to a site of action.
The amounts of various substances in food needed by an organism to sustain healthy life.
Marked depression appearing in the involution period and characterized by hallucinations, delusions, paranoia, and agitation.
Any of the processes by which nuclear, cytoplasmic, or intercellular factors influence the differential control (induction or repression) of gene action at the level of transcription or translation.
Collection, analysis, and interpretation of data about the frequency, distribution, and consequences of disease or health conditions, for use in the planning, implementing, and evaluating public health programs.
Naturally occurring or synthetic substances that inhibit or retard the oxidation of a substance to which it is added. They counteract the harmful and damaging effects of oxidation in animal tissues.
The phenotypic manifestation of a gene or genes by the processes of GENETIC TRANSCRIPTION and GENETIC TRANSLATION.
A group of compounds derived from unsaturated 20-carbon fatty acids, primarily arachidonic acid, via the cyclooxygenase pathway. They are extremely potent mediators of a diverse group of physiological processes.
A strain of albino rat used widely for experimental purposes because of its calmness and ease of handling. It was developed by the Sprague-Dawley Animal Company.
Organized efforts by communities or organizations to improve the health and well-being of the child.
Granular leukocytes having a nucleus with three to five lobes connected by slender threads of chromatin, and cytoplasm containing fine inconspicuous granules and stainable by neutral dyes.
A disturbance in the prooxidant-antioxidant balance in favor of the former, leading to potential damage. Indicators of oxidative stress include damaged DNA bases, protein oxidation products, and lipid peroxidation products (Sies, Oxidative Stress, 1991, pxv-xvi).
Your Search: (SUBJECT=Random functions) Sort Results: Publication dates (newest-oldest). Publication dates (oldest-newest). ... Search Results for the EPA National Library Catalog. Items Found: 2. Showing: Items 1 - 2. ...
An EPA cheat sheet to help federal officials decide when to respond to a tweet or comment has gained an endorsement in a ... Select primary job function*. Elected Official/Legislative Staff. C-Level Management/Command. Executive/Senior IT Management. ... "Follow the EPAs cheat sheet, "Should I Respond Online On EPAs Behalf?" ... The EPA also outlines four basic considerations in preparing an official response to an incoming tweet or comment:. * Be ...
Select primary job function*. Elected Official/Legislative Staff. C-Level Management/Command. Executive/Senior IT Management. ... Some of the EPAs collaborative efforts to improve how such waste is handled have shown quantifiable benefits, the Government ... The EPA regulates the management of used electronics that are considered to be hazardous waste and promotes voluntary programs ... However, the EPA hasnt systematically examined those programs to determine how their positive affects can be augmented or ...
Select primary job function*. Elected Official/Legislative Staff. C-Level Management/Command. Executive/Senior IT Management. ... 16 letter to EPA Administrator Carol Browner, Bliley and Upton postponed the hearing until March and asked EPA to shut down its ... During its audit, the team broke into many of the agencys most sensitive systems and databases, including the EPA National ... called for the shutdown after meeting with the General Accounting Office team that has been performing a security audit at EPA ...
... and now it looks like he wants to do the exact same thing at the EPA ... C]ollapsing these two functions ... into one office headed by a political appointee for the regulatory office is quite ... "Dissolving OECA would have a disastrous effect on EPAs ability to do its job." (Photo: EPA) ... In fact, Trump, a climate change denier, has appeared eager to politicize the EPAs work, earning a comparison to Stalin after ...
Alpha(2)-Adrenergic Mode of Action of Chlordimeform on Rat Visual Function.. ... Most EPA libraries have a fiche copy filed under the call number shown. Check with individual libraries about paper copy.. 12/ ... Record Display for the EPA National Library Catalog. RECORD NUMBER: 1 OF 24 ...
CD4+CD25+ Regulatory T Cells: Origin, Function and Therapeutic Potential [electronic resource] /. ... EPA-625/4-77-011; EPA-625/4-77-011a; EPA-625/4-77-011b; EPA-625/4-77-011c. ... Brief Records : EPA National Library Catalog. Items Found: 11. Showing Items: 1 - 11. Your Search: (AUTHOR=COOPER AND P. AND F ... Most EPA libraries have a fiche copy filed under the call number shown. Check with individual libraries about paper copy.. 03/ ...
Ecological Studies and Mathematical Modeling of Cladophora in Lake Huron: 4. Photosynthesis and Respiration as Functions of ... Search Results for the EPA National Library Catalog. Items Found: 720. Showing: Items 151 - 200. Your Search: (AUTHOR=M. AND ...
Functioning in accordance with general policies determined by the Academy, the Council has become the principal operating ... In response to EPAs request, the NRC convened the Committee on Fluoride in Drinking Water, which prepared this report. The ... In 1986, the EPA established a maximum allowable concentration for fluoride in drinking water of 4 milligrams per liter, a ... This report presents the committees review of the scientific basis of EPAs MCLG and SMCL for fluoride, and their adequacy for ...
Metagenomic approaches in understanding the rumen function and establishing the rumen microbial diversity -- 15. Opportunities ... Record Display for the EPA National Library Catalog. RECORD NUMBER: 28 OF 217 ... Due to license restrictions, this resource is available to EPA employees and authorized contractors only ...
The program should function properly on any computer that has a PL/I compiler available. The computer codes will be implemented ... Most EPA libraries have a fiche copy filed under the call number shown. Check with individual libraries about paper copy.. 06/ ... Record Display for the EPA National Library Catalog. RECORD NUMBER: 6 OF 16 ... on the Robert S. Kerr Environmental Research Laboratory (RSKERL), Ada, OK, computer and other EPA computer systems accessed by ...
By design and function, urban areas are covered with impervious surfaces: roofs, roads, sidewalks, and parking lots. Although ... Most EPA libraries have a fiche copy filed under the call number shown. Check with individual libraries about paper copy.. 09/ ... Record Display for the EPA National Library Catalog. RECORD NUMBER: 16 OF 32 ...
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Any cookies that may not be particularly necessary for the website to function and is used specifically to collect user ... So Pew said Earthjustice took EPA to court, and in 2000 a federal appeals court agreed with the argument. He said the EPA ... Cement manufacturers could get 2 more years to comply with new EPA rules. By: Lee Fehrenbacher in Construction July 5, 2012 1: ... The EPAs Enesta Jones stated in an email that the agency believes the industry may need additional time to re-examine its ...
Any cookies that may not be particularly necessary for the website to function and is used specifically to collect user ... Ben Grumbles EPA Larry Hogan 11:22 pm Thu, July 20, 2017 Maryland Daily Record Bryan P. Sears ... Hogan administration threatens lawsuit against the EPA By: Bryan P. Sears Daily Record Government Reporter July 20, 2017 ... State Environment Secretary Ben Grumbles, in a letter to EPA Administrator Scott Pruitt, said .... Complete access to news ...
... and the functioning of our nations vast, interconnected aquatic ecosystems; as well as the many threatened and endangered ... In 2015, the EPA-for the first time-set standards for how power plants store and dispose of their coal ash. Despite the clear ... The EPA currently is considering adding a gaping loophole to the CWA; the agency is accepting comments on whether the CWA ... 3 Ways EPA Chief Scott Pruitt Protects Polluters Instead of Public Health / ...
Click the link below to download a zipped file containing both databases and a help function with additional information on how ... EasyRSEI contains results for the kinds of releases modeled by EPAs Risk-Screening Environmental Indicators (RSEI) model for ...
A regional guidebook for applying the hydrogeomorphic approach to assessing wetland functions of Flats Wetlands in the ... Search Results for the EPA National Library Catalog. Items Found: 2111. Showing: Items 1 - 50. Your Search: (SUBJECT=Hydrology ...
Designed to maximize the two most important functions of any aeration device, oxygen transfer and mixing. The all-new Aire-O2 ... Environmental Protection Agency emissions control technology emissions control EPA survey EPA standard engine emissions clean ... No comments were found for 85 Percent of Highway Diesel Fuel Meets EPA Standards. Be the first to comment! ... EPA is working with the Clean Diesel Fuel Alliance to help provide additional public information and raise awareness of the ...
cognitive and emotional function,. * biospecimen analyses. * Residential history derived data from * EPA Smart Location ... The Adolescent Brain Cognitive Development (ABCD) Study is collecting data on health and mental health, cognitive function, ... cognitive and social function across development, and identify early risk and protective factors for the onset of mental ... and function (at rest and during cognitive tasks) as participants transition from childhood through adolescence into adulthood ...
Vitamin D contributes to the normal function of the immune system Heart: EPA & DHA support normal heart function? Vision: DHA ... DHA supports normal brain function. Warnings. *KEEP OUT OF REACH OF YOUNG CHILDREN. REPLACE LID SECURELY.,br,,br,Food ... The beneficial effect for the heart is obtained with a daily intake of 250 mg EPA and DHA. ... Vitamin D contributes to the maintenance of muscle function Bones: Vitamin D supports the maintenance of normal bones Immunity ...
... impaired memory and impaired vision and motor function. It can cause mental instability, dizziness, numbness in the limbs and ... Mercury From Gold Production to Be Cut Under New EPA Rule. Mercury From Gold Production to Be Cut Under New EPA Rule. April 19 ... Mercury From Gold Production to Be Cut Under New EPA Rule. WASHINGTON, DC, April 18, 2010 (ENS) - Federal regulators proposed a ... When the EPA sets the mercury emission rules, they are could become the standard for the gold mining industry the world over. ...
These connections are critically important for the functioning of watersheds and the fish they support. Adapted from EPA 2015 ... EPA Moves Forward to Repeal WOTUS. Posted: July 28, 2017 UPDATE: EPA and the Army Corps of Engineers have extended the comment ... EPA Press Release: EPA and Army Announce Public Hearing on Proposed New "Waters of the United States" Definition Hearing will ... EPA Announces Clean Water Rule Rollback. Posted: June 28, 2017 The U.S. Army Corps of Engineers (USACE) and Environmental ...
... joined EPA in April after 20 years in the state government information technology trenches. ... Office of Information CollectionGathering and sharing environmental data is a key function of EPA. OIC develops and implement ... He recently spoke to GCN about how EPA is faring under its restructured IT administration.. Whos In Charge. Margaret N. ... the part of senior management that the information technology function wasnt enabling the integration of major EPA functions. ...
Not all features of DTN / The Progressive Farmer may function as expected. ... But, the EPAs actions threaten to undo your good work. Over the last three years, the EPA has abused the small refinery ... Since 2016, the EPA dramatically increased the number of exemptions it approved. The agency has granted 85 waivers during the ... A group of more than 90 ethanol plant employees asked President Donald Trump on Monday to change direction on EPAs granting of ...
Incumbent regional president, Isabel Díaz Ayuso, may now have to rely on the far-right VOX party to form a functioning ... EFE/EPA/PEOPLES PARTY (PP)]. Languages: Français. Comments Print Email Facebook Twitter LinkedIn WhatsApp ...
Single Handle Single Function Shower Faucet in Brushed Nickel (Trim Only) (UT3292EPBN) at Ferguson. Nobody expects more from us ... Align™ Single Handle Single Function Shower Faucet in Brushed Nickel (Trim Only). Part #MUT3292EPBN , Item #8927459 , ... EPA Compliant: Yes. Escutcheon Height: 6-3/4 in. Escutcheon Width: 6-3/4 in ...
... epa-file.el (epa-file-write-region): , * jka-compr.el (jka-compr-write-region): , * ange-ftp.el (ange-ftp-write-region): , * ... Functions now output , characters written in addition to file name. , * files.texi: Added documentation to write-region and , ...
Cognitive performance was assessed using the Global Cognitive Function (GCF) and Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE) scales. ... While the EPA received and has yet to act on two citizen petitions to list PFAS as hazardous waste, the EPA is required to act ... The EPA estimates that one in four Americans lives within four miles of a hazardous waste site. Superfund sites are some of the ... EPA announced a settlement with AES Hawaii, LLC over Clean Air Act and Emergency Planning and Community Right-to-Know Act ...
... improve its function in flood control, revitalize natural habitat and water quality, and catalyze economic development. ...
  • Wholesome dry food specially tailored to the needs of Beagles over the age of 12 months, with easily digestible proteins and adapted energy content combined with omega-3 fatty acids EPA and DHA. (
  • Omega-3 fatty acids, such as EPA (eicosapentaenoic acid) and DHA (docosahexaenoic acid), play a pivotal role in human health, as they have benefits such as helping to support heart health. (
  • Scott Pruitt endangered the health and welfare of Oklahomans when closed his own environmental enforcement unit there, and now it looks like he wants to do the exact same thing at the EPA, imperiling families across America," said Liz Perera, Sierra Club climate policy director, in a statement . (
  • The latticework of alleged ethics violations swirling around U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) Administrator Scott Pruitt certainly calls into question his fitness to serve our country. (
  • The initiative has been stalled since the Supreme Court granted a stay last year in a lawsuit spearheaded by then-Oklahoma Attorney General Scott Pruitt, whom President Donald Trump named EPA administrator. (
  • At a time when climate change is the great environmental threat to the entire planet, it is sad and dangerous that Mr. Trump has nominated Scott Pruitt to lead the EPA," said Senator Bernie Sanders, independent of Vermont, who sits on the committee that must confirm him. (
  • Therefore, the EPA must act on New Mexico's petition on or before Sept. 21, 2021. (
  • On July 1, 2021, EPA's Office of Enforcement and Compliance Assurance (OECA) issued a memorandum to all EPA Regional Offices urging the offices to increase cleanup program enforcement under the Comprehensive Environmental. (
  • On April 30, 2021, the Office of Enforcement and Compliance Assurance ("OECA") of Environmental Protection Agency ("EPA") issued new internal guidance (the "Memorandum") outlining actions intended to strengthen enforcement. (
  • The United States Environmental Protection Agency ("EPA") published a February 2021 document titled: Biosolids Biennial Report No. 8 ("Report") - The Report addresses the reporting period 2018-2019. (
  • In accordance with obligations under TSCA, as amended by the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2020, EPA proposed to require persons that manufacture (including import) or have manufactured these chemical substances in any year since January 1, 2011, to electronically report information regarding PFAS uses, production volumes, disposal, exposures, and hazards. (
  • On October 30, 2020, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA) Office of Enforcement and Compliance Assurance (OECA) announced that it issued a Compliance Advisory on ultraviolet (UV) lights claiming to kill or be. (
  • On June 1, 2020, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA) Office of Enforcement and Compliance Assurance (OECA) announced that it issued a compliance advisory on products claiming to kill SARS-CoV-2, the novel. (
  • On February 28, 2020, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) announced the availability of a new web portal that is available to the public to search for EPA guidance documents. (
  • Omega 3-6-9 contains EPA (eicosapentaenoic acid) and DHA (docosahexaenoic acid) - both support your fitness goals, alongside your general wellbeing. (
  • EPA (Eicosapentaenoic acid) is an omega-3 fatty acid that is present in high quantities in cold water fish. (
  • Look for DHA-docosahexaenoic acid-and EPA-eicosapentaenoic acid. (
  • Dissolving OECA would have a disastrous effect on EPA's ability to do its job," said Nicholas Conger, who served as communications director for OECA from July 2013 through March 2016 and later worked in the EPA administrator's public affairs office. (
  • In fact, Trump, a climate change denier, has appeared eager to politicize the EPA's work, earning a comparison to Stalin after the president ordered political vetting of EPA research before it is made public. (
  • That means the 25 percent reduction targets the EPA's critical functions, including scientific research and enforcing rules against polluters. (
  • In a move fitting for a catchy article title, in late May President Biden's administration released its proposed budget for EPA for fiscal year 2022 ("FY2022") (EPA's fiscal year runs from October 1 to September 30). (
  • Dr. Carlin works in EPA's National Center for Environmental Economics (NCEE), whose function is, in its words, "analyzing the economic and health impacts of environmental regulations and policies, and … informing important policy decisions with sound economics and other sciences. (
  • The Interpretive Statement provides the EPA's full analysis and rationale supporting its interpretation and is available below and at​npdes/​releases-point-source-groundwater . (
  • Under the current administration, EPA is a pollution watchdog not only on a leash but under a muzzle, as well," added PEER Science Policy Director Kyla Bennett, a scientist and attorney formerly with EPA, pointing out that EPA's withdrawal from regulatory oversight is national in scope, not limited to Minnesota. (
  • As this PolyMet case demonstrates, Administrator Andrew Wheeler's policy of 'deference to the states' functions as an abdication of EPA's core mission. (
  • Addressing the first factor, the majority found that, despite the difficulty of meeting the deferential arbitrary and capricious standard necessary to vacate Ohio EPA's decision, "Green persuasively asserts that the 401 Certification was improper" because Ohio EPA ignored and failed to follow significant procedures. (
  • EPA's official web site is . (
  • Pew has fought for better emissions control since 1997, when the EPA was supposed to set air quality standards for cement plants. (
  • The EPA says that if approved, the new standards would reduce annual mercury emissions from gold processing and production to about 1,390 pounds a year - a 73 percent reduction from 2007 levels. (
  • McCarthy said the action EPA proposed Friday would build on the success of Nevada's program for controlling mercury emissions. (
  • EPA Administrator Andrew Wheeler announced Thursday that the agency will delay and revise its plan to freeze emissions and fuel-economy rules, which was expected to be released early this month. (
  • All 2000 model year and earlier vehicles or any model year vehicle that was manufactured with EPA or Federal emissions non 50-State certification. (
  • All model year vehicles that were manufactured with EPA or Federal emissions certification. (
  • The September 10, 2019, issue of the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA) Science Matters newsletter includes an article entitled "Keeping up with 3D Printing: EPA Researchers Build on New Plastic Emissions Study. (
  • With a net 196 HP (147 kW), the PC290LC-11 is powered by a Komatsu SAA6D107E-3 engine and is EPA Tier 4 Final emissions certified. (
  • The Komatsu Tier 4 Final engine uses an advanced electronic control system to manage the airflow rate, fuel injection, combustion parameters, and after treatment functions to optimize performance, reduce emissions, and provide advanced diagnostic capability. (
  • On a national scale, we use 1.2 trillion gallons annually just for showering, according to the EPA - "enough to supply the water needs of New York and New Jersey for a year. (
  • According to the EPA, a good start would be to switch to a more water-efficient showerhead. (
  • According to the EPA, maintaining properly functioning heating, ventilation, and air conditioning (HVAC) systems is an integral part to providing students with good indoor air quality. (
  • Pyrethrins and pyrethroids are found in more than 3,500 registered products, according to the EPA, many of which are commonly used in the home and around pets, as well as in agriculture and in mosquito control. (
  • Supplementation with EPA was found to also be potentially helpful for attention deficit and hyperactivity disorder. (
  • Supplementation with EPA and DHA (FOPF20 and FOPF40) decreased the saturated FA contents and increased the amount of polyunsaturated FA. (
  • All New York State & Maine Catalytic Converters are CARB and/or EPA compliant as applicable. (
  • The AVL equipment complies with all the latest regulations such as EPA, CARB, ECE and other regulations. (
  • So Pew said Earthjustice took EPA to court, and in 2000 a federal appeals court agreed with the argument. (
  • The United States Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) recently took. (
  • The United States Environmental Protection Agency ("EPA") announced it was issuing a grant to the Arkansas State Plant Board ("Board") for $55,346. (
  • The United States Environmental Protection Agency ("EPA") yesterday issued a final version of the previously proposed Affordable Clean Air Act Affordable Clean Energy ("ACE") Rule. (
  • As the United States Environmental Protection Agency ("EPA"), Congress, and state regulatory agencies continue to push forward with per-and polyfluoroalkyl substances ("PFAS") regulations, the Maine Department of. (
  • The Trump administration is considering eradicating the enforcement arm of the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), reported Inside EPA late Wednesday. (
  • These three examples-among many others proposed by the Trump/Pruitt EPA-demonstrate Pruitt's pattern of protecting polluters instead of people. (
  • On Wednesday, June 19, Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) Administrator Andrew Wheeler signed separate rules that repealed and replaced the Obama-era Clean Power Plan (CPP). (
  • Since 2016, the EPA dramatically increased the number of exemptions it approved. (
  • 2016. Influence of a spray-dried fat enriched with EPA and DHA on the fatty acid composition of sow milk. (
  • 2016. Influencia de EPA y DHA dietarios sobre el perfil de ácidos grasos de leche de cerda. (
  • December 19th, 2019, the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) announced its approval of 10 new pesticides for use on hemp products. (
  • The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers (Corps) published a rule on October 23, 2019, repealing the Clean Water Rule promulgated by the Obama administration in 2015. (
  • On June 19, 2019, the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) released a final rule repealing the Obama-era "Clean Power Plan" (CPP) and replacing it with the "Affordable Clean Energy" (ACE) Rule. (
  • Submit your comments, identified by Docket ID No. EPA-HQ-OW-2019-0166, at . (
  • ROYAL CANIN® Rottweiler Adult contains specific nutrients - such as taurine, EPA, and DHA - that help to support healthy cardiac function.ROYAL CANIN® Rottweiler Adult also contributes to the maintenance of optimal muscle mass and an ideal bodyweight, thanks to an adapted protein content and the inclusion of L-Carnitine. (
  • 2. DHA contributes to the maintenance of normal brain function. (
  • The Adolescent Brain Cognitive Development (ABCD) Study is collecting data on health and mental health, cognitive function, substance use, cultural and environmental factors, and brain structure and function from youth starting when they are 9-10 years-old and following them longitudinally to early adulthood. (
  • Aerobic exercise increases biomarkers linked to enhanced cognitive function. (
  • Vitamin C is linked to mood and, particularly in older people, to cognitive function. (
  • Omega-3 essential fatty acids work to reduce symptoms of depression and improve cognitive functioning and mood. (
  • Helps support cognitive health and/or brain function. (
  • Every capsule of Pharmax's High DHA Finest Pure Fish Oil contains 300 milligrams of DHA and 68 milligrams of EPA in order to support cognitive functioning and heart health. (
  • OHIO EPA RULEMAKINGS AND ANNOUNCEMENTS - Air - Stakeholder Input Requested on Potential Rules Amendments - OAC Chapter 3745-26, I/M Program Rules: Ohio EPA is requesting stakeholder input on potential amendments to. (
  • ANNOUNCEMENTS - Air - Stakeholder Input Requested on Potential New Rules - Affordable Clean Energy (ACE) Program Rules: Ohio EPA is requesting stakeholder input on potential new rules in the Ohio Administrative Code. (
  • OHIO EPA RULEMAKINGS AND ANNOUNCEMENTS - Air - Stakeholder Input Requested on Rules - OAC Chapter 3745-21, Carbon Monoxide, Photochemically Reactive Materials, Hydrocarbons, and Related Materials Standards: Ohio EPA. (
  • OHIO EPA RULEMAKINGS AND ANNOUNCEMENTS - Air - Availability of Draft Amended Rules for Comment - OAC Chapter 3745-110 - Nitrogen Oxides - Reasonably Available Control Technology Regulations: The Ohio Environmental. (
  • The Ohio EPA issued the certification on September 19, 2017. (
  • For example, the majority focused on an Ohio statute requiring "a wetland characterization analysis consistent with the Ohio rapid assessment method ("ORAM")" and noted that "Ohio EPA appears to concede that ORAM was not followed. (
  • Regardless of politics and all of his alleged ethical lapses, the EPA Administrator's biggest scandal is making decisions that favor the wallets of industry barons at the expense of Americans' health and welfare. (
  • This proposed rulemaking addresses, among other things, issues raised in the June 13, 2018 advance notice of proposed rulemaking, "Increasing Consistency and Transparency in Considering Costs and Benefits in the Rulemaking Process," and proposes how the concepts described in that advance document would be implemented in rulemakings conducted by the EPA using its authorities under the CAA. (
  • If every home in the U.S. retrofitted their shower with a WaterSense labeled showerhead, the EPA estimates that we could save more than $2.2 billion in water utility bills and conserve more than 260 billion gallons of water each year. (
  • A recent study suggests that supplementation with polyunsaturated fatty acids, particularly EPA, may help improve mental health. (
  • 3 Our capsules provide a perfect blend of omega-3, 6, and 9 fatty acids, which play a key role in keeping you healthy - EPA supports the normal function of the heart, 1 and DHA supports normal brain function. (
  • Both these fatty acids are important for maintaining the fluidity and function of cell membranes, particularly in the retina and the brain. (
  • Japanese researchers, in a 2017 study of men aged 55 to 64, found that those who supplemented with fatty acids including DHA and EPA reported a more positive mood. (
  • Earlier this month, EPA circulated a memorandum on "Strengthening Environmental Justice Through Cleanup Enforcement Actions. (
  • EPA and OMB issue directives and propose an initial budget for the Biden Administration's EJ initiatives - With the Biden Administration's appointees now in place, environmental justice (EJ) is moving to the forefront of. (
  • Another source who spoke to Inside EPA further explained that by moving enforcement to program offices-which are tasked with taking input on and revising regulations-enforcement of environmental regulations will become political. (
  • As part of its mission, the EPA enforces regulations affecting a variety of environmental issues, including air and water quality, pesticide-use, fuel economy standards, and nuclear contamination. (
  • The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) is proposing processes that it would be required to undertake in promulgating regulations under the Clean Air Act (CAA) to ensure that information regarding the benefits and costs of regulatory decisions is provided and considered in a consistent and transparent manner. (
  • Oklahoma and other states filed a lawsuit which has been successful in halting the imposition of the Waters of the United States (WOTUS) regulations pending a federal court trial on whether the EPA had the authority to issue the regulations and whether the EPA followed proper procedure in developing the regulations. (
  • Whoever heads the EPA, it may be too late for new federal regulations to stop the momentum of investors and market forces shifting away from a reliance on the most polluting fossil fuels and toward renewable energy sources. (
  • Under the Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007 (EISA), EPA is responsible for revising and implementing regulations to ensure that transportation fuel used in the United States contains a minimum volume of renewable fuel. (
  • Pruitt, who is President Donald Trump's nominee to head the EPA, has been widely condemned by environmentalists as well as former EPA officials , and was sued this week for hiding his correspondence with fossil fuel companies. (
  • Benton took over the EPA transition, which was previously overseen by climate change denier Myron Ebell, after Trump's inauguration. (
  • Despite the clear threat that coal ash presents to public health, Pruitt's EPA now wants to eliminate even these bare minimum standards. (
  • Make no mistake, the rural manufacturing that keeps our communities strong could soon vanish if unelected bureaucrats at the EPA continue to eliminate the market for biofuels. (
  • The White House wants to cut one-quarter of the Environmental Protection Agency's funding and eliminate 1 in 5 EPA employees, three sources with knowledge of the proposed budget told The Huffington Post. (
  • For additional submission methods, the full EPA public comment policy, information about CBI or multimedia submissions, and general guidance on making effective comments, please visit​dockets/​commenting-epa-dockets . (
  • During its audit, the team broke into many of the agency's most sensitive systems and databases, including the EPA National Computing Center's mainframe in Research Triangle Park, N.C. That mainframe is one of the systems the White House named in 1998 as critical to defending against cyberattacks. (
  • A major goal of the Direct/Delayed Response Project (DDRP), a project within the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA) Aquatic Effects Research Program (AERP) is to project potential changes in surface water chemistry in lakes in the northeastern U.S. and streams in the Mid-Appalachians and southeastern U.S., over the next 50 years as a function of current and alternative levels of acidic deposition. (
  • Dr. Carlin is the senior EPA analyst who authored a 100-page study last March, which severely criticized the scientific basis for the agency's position on global warming. (
  • Executive Director of Corporate Sustainability for the EPA, Terry Harper, says the works form part of the agency's ultimate objective to have all of its buildings Green Star accredited. (
  • EPA is working with the Clean Diesel Fuel Alliance to help provide additional public information and raise awareness of the importance of proper labeling. (
  • EPA will take public comment on the proposed rule for 30 days after it is published in the Federal Register. (
  • The EPA group engaged in a "supervised, progressive, moderate-to-vigorous intensity aerobic exercise training program three times per week such that from week seven through 26, participants would meet or exceed public health recommendations for physical activity. (
  • Given increased public interest in glyphosate, EPA may recommend sampling for glyphosate in the future," the agency noted in an April 17 email to Reuters. (
  • The EPA has made public an April 30 memo from the acting assistant administrator for the Office of Enforcement and Compliance Assurance (OECA) to the national and regional enforcement managers that signals clear and specific. (
  • The final rule strives to take advantage of information technology, allowing resources to be used more efficiently and effectively, and giving the EPA, states and the public better access to key data. (
  • EPA may publish any comment received to its public docket. (
  • The EPA will hold one or more virtual public hearings on this proposed rulemaking. (
  • The EPA estimates that cement imports are likely to rise by as much as 3 million metric tons per year as domestic production decreases because of the new standards. (
  • The administration is deciding whether to shutter the Office of Enforcement and Compliance Assurance (OECA) and force individual program offices to take over all enforcement duties, a "source familiar with the plan" told Inside EPA . (
  • Entries in italics are not counted in EPA compliance monitoring strategies or annual results. (
  • These connections are critically important for the functioning of watersheds and the fish they support. (
  • This formula contains specific nutrients to help support good cardiac function. (
  • The positive association between CTSB and cognition, and the substantial modulation of lipid metabolites implicated in dementia , support the beneficial effects of exercise training on brain function and brain health in asymptomatic individuals at risk for Alzheimer's disease," she concluded. (
  • As a result, the EPA set standards but didn't include any controls for harmful materials like mercury, benzene, arsenic and hydrogen chloride - by-products of cement production. (
  • He said the EPA essentially ignored that court order until 2010, when it finally adopted the final rule for air quality standards. (
  • In 2015, the EPA-for the first time- set standards for how power plants store and dispose of their coal ash. (
  • No comments were found for 85 Percent of Highway Diesel Fuel Meets EPA Standards . (
  • EPA is also proposing the first national mercury air emission standards for this source category, requiring Maximum Achievable Control Technology. (
  • The SAFER proposal immediately set the EPA and California at loggerheads, and California, joined by 17 other states, sued the agency over the rollback and said it would continue to require cars sold there to meet the higher standards. (
  • Since the SAFER proposal was released, automakers have lobbied the EPA to keep standards unified and certain, rather than break off from California and tie them up in lawsuits for years that could end up at the Supreme Court. (
  • The U.S. EPA has rejected the possibility of tighter standards for soot and particulate matter . (
  • The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) Office of Air Quality Planning and Standards (OAQPS) plans to release a new air toxics strategy that it purports will represent a paradigm shift that incorporates a new structure. (
  • The concerns raised by EPA staff are not nitpicky but are very basic objections about serious contamination consequences and likely violations of state water quality standards," stated PEER Counsel Kevin Bell, who filed the FOIA lawsuit. (
  • EMTS incorporates features that help establish a well-functioning and transparent market for RINs. (
  • Anthropogenic stressors such as climate change, fire, and pollution are driving shifts in ecosystem function and resilience. (
  • When the EPA sets the mercury emission rules, they are could become the standard for the gold mining industry the world over. (
  • New Mexico Governor Michelle Lujan Grisham petitioned the EPA to include per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFAS) under the federal Resource Conservation and Recovery Act as a listed hazardous waste, which would set a clear regulatory path for New Mexico and dozens of other states grappling with PFAS contamination. (
  • Edwin A. Levine, acting chief information officer and deputy assistant administrator for the Office of Environmental Information at the Environmental Protection Agency, joined EPA in April after 20 years in the state government information technology trenches. (
  • Over the last three years, the EPA has abused the small refinery exemption process and issued 85 SREs, including handouts to some of the world's largest oil companies. (
  • No cut like this has been proposed for the EPA since the early 1980s, in the first phase of the Reagan administration," Stan Meiburg, a former acting deputy EPA administrator who spent 39 years at the agency, told HuffPost. (
  • The OMB cuts, Congress puts them back," said Meiburg, who oversaw the EPA budget for years. (
  • The relation of chronic respiratory symptoms and pulmonary function to formaldehyde (HCHO) in homes was studied in a sample of 298 children (6-15 years of age) and 613 adults. (
  • See nine highlights from the report , or get the full report, as well as previous EPA MSW reports, which are released every two years. (
  • A Center review of the past 10 years' worth of more than 90,000 adverse-reaction reports, filed with the EPA by pesticide manufacturers, found that pyrethrins and pyrethroids together accounted for more than 26 percent of all fatal, "major," and "moderate" human incidents in the United States in 2007, up from 15 percent in 1998. (
  • 2013) found that supplementing sow diets during lactation with enriched sources of EPA and DHA increases the milk contents of these FAs, which are then transferred to suckling piglets and may increase their growth and improve their immune response. (
  • The EPA reports that poor indoor air quality increases student absenteeism, decreases student and staff concentration and student performance, and raises the risk of indoor- air-quality-related health conditions such as asthma and respiratory illnesses. (
  • The elimination of volume between valves and canister combined with intelligent software functions, e.g. delay time evaluation and time based purge routines, etc., increases accuracy and repeatability. (
  • In keeping with the Biden-Harris administration's commitments to strengthen federal regulation of per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFAS), the US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) announced three actions last week with. (
  • He recently spoke to GCN about how EPA is faring under its restructured IT administration. (
  • An endeavor of the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) to establish a manpower planning capability in water quality agencies of States and local planning areas is described, in which agency manpower planners will assess overall manpower and training needs relative to supply and then plan to fill the gaps. (
  • The EPA is proposing to establish procedural requirements governing the development and presentation of benefit-cost analyses (BCA), including risk assessments used in the BCA, for significant rulemakings conducted under the CAA. (
  • The researchers found that supplementation with 2,200 mg of EPA in conjunction with antidepressants had the highest benefit for treatment of depression. (
  • A group of 16 Republican AGs, led by Ohio AG Dave Yost, sent a comment letter to the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency ("EPA") urging it to not reinstate California's waiver under the Clean Air Act, which the letter argues. (
  • In the June 28 Federal Register , EPA has proposed reporting and recordkeeping requirements for Per- and Polyfluoroalkyl Substances (PFAS) under the Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA). (
  • They have become more popular over the past decade with the decreasing popularity of organophosphate pesticides, which are more toxic to birds and mammals, reports the EPA. (
  • Economists are the most likely professionals within EPA to examine the real-world effects of its policies. (
  • Just this week, the administration took the unprecedented step of sharply limiting the number of EPA employees allowed to travel to a conference in Alaska where climate change would be discussed. (
  • The responsibility for this function is shared between EPA, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA), and the Food Safety and Inspection Service (FSIS) of the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA). (
  • With its "all of the above" approach to reducing greenhouse gases, the Biden administration will undoubtedly increase the tempo of EPA enforcement in the upstream and midstream sectors. (
  • B6, or pyridoxine, is critical to nerve functioning. (
  • They both work by affecting nerve function, paralyzing insects and eventually killing them, according to the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) . (
  • Committee chairman Rep. Tom Bliley (R-Va.) and Oversight and Investigations Subcommittee chairman Rep. Fred Upton (R-Minn.) called for the shutdown after meeting with the General Accounting Office team that has been performing a security audit at EPA. (
  • When EPA made the decision to create a new organization'the Office of Environmental Information'there was a perception on the part of senior management that the information technology function wasn't enabling the integration of major EPA functions. (
  • Wouldn't it be great for EPA to get this office out of the way? (
  • The Region 6 Office of EPA states that the funds will be used to enhance. (
  • The EPA Great Lakes Regional Office had developed seven pages detailing problems with proposed permits. (
  • An EPA regional office, located in the south-east Queensland town of Toowoomba, is the latest facility to undergo a sustainable transformation. (
  • EPA Regional Manager for the Western Region, Chris Hill, who is based at the Toowoomba office, worked with Project Services to identify the necessary changes to be made. (
  • Supplementation with eicosapentaenoic and docosahexaenoic acids (EPA and DHA) through the addition of fish oils to mammal diets during lactation benefits milk production, litter growth and the litter immune system, but there is little evidence supporting the use of oils that have been dried using a spray-drying method designed to cool and crystalize fat particles. (
  • EPA and DHA play an important role in the regulation of both immune and reproductive functions because they are precursors for the synthesis of different types of eicosanoids (Mateo et al , 2009). (
  • Voted one of This Old House's Top 100 Best New Home Products of 2015, this six-function showerhead offers both ease of installation and eco-performance. (
  • Danze Parma Five-Function Showerhead , $36.47 on Amazon. (
  • Kohler Pinstripe Single-Function Katalyst Showerhead , $175.55 at (
  • With the release of the rule, the EPA and the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers have now taken the second step in a two-step process to repeal the 2015 Waters of the U.S. rule with one that would provide fewer protections for headwaters and wetlands. (
  • EPA and industry representatives contend that postponing implementation will give businesses already struggling because of the economy more time to comply with the costly changes. (
  • The new '2' will be equipped with a slew of BMW Efficient Dynamics technology, such as air curtains, start-stop, Eco Pro mode and the standard Driving Experience Control switch, which includes a coasting function in conjunction with the automatic transmission, as well as Proactive Driving Assistance if the car has a Professional Navigation system. (
  • In the report, Mergel recommended that federal agencies on Twitter adopt the EPA decision tool as part of their Twitter strategy. (
  • This petition seeks swift EPA action to create a federal framework that will equally protect all communities across the U.S. by declaring PFAS what it is - a hazardous waste under federal law. (
  • The EPA budget totaled nearly $8.2 billion last year, a 0.22 percent sliver of federal spending. (
  • All Federal catalytic converters meet EPA requirements. (
  • According to a media report on Monday, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) is considering recommending that the federal government sample food products for glyphosate, the most commonly used herbicide in the world and the active ingredient in Monsanto's Roundup. (
  • EPA and Army Repeal Clean Water Rule and Move Forward with Plan to Redefine Waters Subject to Federal Regulation under Clean Water. (
  • The beneficial effects are obtained with a daily intake of 250mg of EPA and DHA. (
  • As part of our National Environmental Exchange Network initiative, we are working with our state partners to enable less burdensome and more efficient delivery of information to EPA. (
  • And the EPA decides to hold the line on particulate pollution. (
  • The case illustrates how EPA now avoids required oversight of state-issued pollution permits. (
  • Massachusetts Sen. Ed Markey said, "The EPA is our cop on the beat, protecting the American people and our environment from harmful pollution, hazardous waste and the impacts of climate change. (
  • Rather than litigate the matter, EPA has made what it calls 'a discretionary release' so that we can all see what was written but undelivered. (
  • Moreover, the anti-regulation head of the EPA transition, former Washington state senator Don Benton, will also be staying on to play a permanent role in the agency, Inside Climate News reported Wednesday. (
  • This entry was posted in News and tagged EPA , report . (
  • Our findings position CTSB, BDNF, and klotho as exercise biomarkers for evaluating the effect of lifestyle interventions on brain function," van Praag said in the news release. (
  • EPA doesn't have a plan for coordinating its programs with state recycling programs. (
  • This would also allow states - not the Department of Defense - to manage PFAS clean-up under existing state programs authorized by the EPA. (
  • EPA had forbidden its staff from filing formal comments on the proposed state PolyMet permits. (
  • Despite the seriousness of the objections EPA raised, the issues were not addressed by the state, nor are the issues yet fully part of the ongoing litigation challenging the state permits. (
  • One of the nice things about what is happening now at EPA is that OEI has a group of folks who are very sophisticated policy analysts. (
  • The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) has announced the scheduled termination of its controversial Enforcement Discretion Policy (Policy). (
  • The views expressed here are intended to explain EPA policy. (
  • The Army Corps of Engineers (Corps) and the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) are proposing to significantly narrow the scope of protections for our nation's waters. (
  • Any cookies that may not be particularly necessary for the website to function and is used specifically to collect user personal data via analytics, ads, other embedded contents are termed as non-necessary cookies. (
  • A Center analysis of EPA data shows that the number of reported human health problems, including severe reactions, attributed to pyrethrins and pyrethroids increased by about 300 percent over the past decade. (
  • Their goals for the San Pedro Creek Improvements Project EXIT are to transform the creek to reflect its place in San Antonio's cultural history, improve its function in flood control, revitalize natural habitat and water quality, and catalyze economic development. (
  • A new Auto Idle Shutdown function helps improve operating costs by reducing unnecessary idle time. (

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