The physical state of supporting an applied load. This often refers to the weight-bearing bones or joints that support the body's weight, especially those in the spine, hip, knee, and foot.
The mass or quantity of heaviness of an individual. It is expressed by units of pounds or kilograms.
General or unspecified injuries involving the foot.
Decrease in existing BODY WEIGHT.
Wooden or metal staffs designed to aid a person in walking. (UMDNS,1999)
Increase in BODY WEIGHT over existing weight.
Walking aids generally having two handgrips and four legs.
The five long bones of the METATARSUS, articulating with the TARSAL BONES proximally and the PHALANGES OF TOES distally.
The distal extremity of the leg in vertebrates, consisting of the tarsus (ANKLE); METATARSUS; phalanges; and the soft tissues surrounding these bones.
Rhythmic and patterned body movements which are usually performed to music.
The second longest bone of the skeleton. It is located on the medial side of the lower leg, articulating with the FIBULA laterally, the TALUS distally, and the FEMUR proximally.
Technique for limiting use, activity, or movement by immobilizing or restraining animal by suspending from hindlimbs or tails. This immobilization is used to simulate some effects of reduced gravity and study weightlessness physiology.
Fractures of the femur.
Making measurements by the use of stereoscopic photographs.
A synovial hinge connection formed between the bones of the FEMUR; TIBIA; and PATELLA.
Rods of bone, metal, or other material used for fixation of the fragments or ends of fractured bones.
Implantable fracture fixation devices attached to bone fragments with screws to bridge the fracture gap and shield the fracture site from stress as bone heals. (UMDNS, 1999)
The sum of the weight of all the atoms in a molecule.
Manner or style of walking.
The mass or quantity of heaviness of an individual at BIRTH. It is expressed by units of pounds or kilograms.
The distance and direction to which a bone joint can be extended. Range of motion is a function of the condition of the joints, muscles, and connective tissues involved. Joint flexibility can be improved through appropriate MUSCLE STRETCHING EXERCISES.
Procedure to accelerate the ability of a patient to walk or move about by reducing the time to AMBULATION. It is characterized by a shorter period of hospitalization or recumbency than is normally practiced.
The physiological restoration of bone tissue and function after a fracture. It includes BONY CALLUS formation and normal replacement of bone tissue.
The seven bones which form the tarsus - namely, CALCANEUS; TALUS; cuboid, navicular, and the internal, middle, and external cuneiforms.
The surgical cutting of a bone. (Dorland, 28th ed)
The use of nails that are inserted into bone cavities in order to keep fractured bones together.
The largest of the TARSAL BONES which is situated at the lower and back part of the FOOT, forming the HEEL.
A bone fixation technique using an external fixator (FIXATORS, EXTERNAL) for lengthening limbs, correcting pseudarthroses and other deformities, and assisting the healing of otherwise hopeless traumatic or pathological fractures and infections, such as chronic osteomyelitis. The method was devised by the Russian orthopedic surgeon Gavriil Abramovich Ilizarov (1921-1992). (From Bull Hosp Jt Dis 1992 Summer;52(1):1)
Lateral displacement of the great toe (HALLUX), producing deformity of the first METATARSOPHALANGEAL JOINT with callous, bursa, or bunion formation over the bony prominence.
Harm or hurt to the ankle or ankle joint usually inflicted by an external source.
The joint that is formed by the articulation of the head of FEMUR and the ACETABULUM of the PELVIS.
The properties, processes, and behavior of biological systems under the action of mechanical forces.
The articulation between a metatarsal bone (METATARSAL BONES) and a phalanx.
The longest and largest bone of the skeleton, it is situated between the hip and the knee.
A partial or complete return to the normal or proper physiologic activity of an organ or part following disease or trauma.
The joining of objects by means of a cement (e.g., in fracture fixation, such as in hip arthroplasty for joining of the acetabular component to the femoral component). In dentistry, it is used for the process of attaching parts of a tooth or restorative material to a natural tooth or for the attaching of orthodontic bands to teeth by means of an adhesive.
The use of internal devices (metal plates, nails, rods, etc.) to hold the position of a fracture in proper alignment.
Therapeutic modalities frequently used in PHYSICAL THERAPY SPECIALTY by PHYSICAL THERAPISTS or physiotherapists to promote, maintain, or restore the physical and physiological well-being of an individual.
Orthopedic appliances used to support, align, or hold parts of the body in correct position. (Dorland, 28th ed)
Iodinated derivatives of acetic acid. Iodoacetates are commonly used as alkylating sulfhydryl reagents and enzyme inhibitors in biochemical research.
Movement or the ability to move from one place or another. It can refer to humans, vertebrate or invertebrate animals, and microorganisms.
The restriction of the MOVEMENT of whole or part of the body by physical means (RESTRAINT, PHYSICAL) or chemically by ANALGESIA, or the use of TRANQUILIZING AGENTS or NEUROMUSCULAR NONDEPOLARIZING AGENTS. It includes experimental protocols used to evaluate the physiologic effects of immobility.
A progressive, degenerative joint disease, the most common form of arthritis, especially in older persons. The disease is thought to result not from the aging process but from biochemical changes and biomechanical stresses affecting articular cartilage. In the foreign literature it is often called osteoarthrosis deformans.
Either of two extremities of four-footed non-primate land animals. It usually consists of a FEMUR; TIBIA; and FIBULA; tarsals; METATARSALS; and TOES. (From Storer et al., General Zoology, 6th ed, p73)
A protective layer of firm, flexible cartilage over the articulating ends of bones. It provides a smooth surface for joint movement, protecting the ends of long bones from wear at points of contact.
The position or attitude of the body.
The joint that is formed by the inferior articular and malleolar articular surfaces of the TIBIA; the malleolar articular surface of the FIBULA; and the medial malleolar, lateral malleolar, and superior surfaces of the TALUS.
Procedures that avoid use of open, invasive surgery in favor of closed or local surgery. These generally involve use of laparoscopic devices and remote-control manipulation of instruments with indirect observation of the surgical field through an endoscope or similar device.
Procedures used to treat and correct deformities, diseases, and injuries to the MUSCULOSKELETAL SYSTEM, its articulations, and associated structures.
A subtype of striated muscle, attached by TENDONS to the SKELETON. Skeletal muscles are innervated and their movement can be consciously controlled. They are also called voluntary muscles.
Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.
The bone of the lower leg lateral to and smaller than the tibia. In proportion to its length, it is the most slender of the long bones.
Noninflammatory degenerative disease of the knee joint consisting of three large categories: conditions that block normal synchronous movement, conditions that produce abnormal pathways of motion, and conditions that cause stress concentration resulting in changes to articular cartilage. (Crenshaw, Campbell's Operative Orthopaedics, 8th ed, p2019)
Replacement of the hip joint.
Evaluation undertaken to assess the results or consequences of management and procedures used in combating disease in order to determine the efficacy, effectiveness, safety, and practicability of these interventions in individual cases or series.
Replacement for a hip joint.
Noninflammatory degenerative disease of the hip joint which usually appears in late middle or old age. It is characterized by growth or maturational disturbances in the femoral neck and head, as well as acetabular dysplasia. A dominant symptom is pain on weight-bearing or motion.
A purely physical condition which exists within any material because of strain or deformation by external forces or by non-uniform thermal expansion; expressed quantitatively in units of force per unit area.
The amount of mineral per square centimeter of BONE. This is the definition used in clinical practice. Actual bone density would be expressed in grams per milliliter. It is most frequently measured by X-RAY ABSORPTIOMETRY or TOMOGRAPHY, X RAY COMPUTED. Bone density is an important predictor for OSTEOPOROSIS.
The grafting of bone from a donor site to a recipient site.
An unpleasant sensation induced by noxious stimuli which are detected by NERVE ENDINGS of NOCICEPTIVE NEURONS.
A type of stress exerted uniformly in all directions. Its measure is the force exerted per unit area. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)
Naturally occurring or experimentally induced animal diseases with pathological processes sufficiently similar to those of human diseases. They are used as study models for human diseases.
The act, process, or result of passing from one place or position to another. It differs from LOCOMOTION in that locomotion is restricted to the passing of the whole body from one place to another, while movement encompasses both locomotion but also a change of the position of the whole body or any of its parts. Movement may be used with reference to humans, vertebrate and invertebrate animals, and microorganisms. Differentiate also from MOTOR ACTIVITY, movement associated with behavior.
Scales, questionnaires, tests, and other methods used to assess pain severity and duration in patients or experimental animals to aid in diagnosis, therapy, and physiological studies.
The weight of the FETUS in utero. It is usually estimated by various formulas based on measurements made during PRENATAL ULTRASONOGRAPHY.
A strain of albino rat used widely for experimental purposes because of its calmness and ease of handling. It was developed by the Sprague-Dawley Animal Company.
An infant having a birth weight of 2500 gm. (5.5 lb.) or less but INFANT, VERY LOW BIRTH WEIGHT is available for infants having a birth weight of 1500 grams (3.3 lb.) or less.
Specialized devices used in ORTHOPEDIC SURGERY to repair bone fractures.
Studies in which individuals or populations are followed to assess the outcome of exposures, procedures, or effects of a characteristic, e.g., occurrence of disease.
A statistical technique that isolates and assesses the contributions of categorical independent variables to variation in the mean of a continuous dependent variable.
A status with BODY WEIGHT that is grossly above the acceptable or desirable weight, usually due to accumulation of excess FATS in the body. The standards may vary with age, sex, genetic or cultural background. In the BODY MASS INDEX, a BMI greater than 30.0 kg/m2 is considered obese, and a BMI greater than 40.0 kg/m2 is considered morbidly obese (MORBID OBESITY).
Observation of a population for a sufficient number of persons over a sufficient number of years to generate incidence or mortality rates subsequent to the selection of the study group.
The measurement of an organ in volume, mass, or heaviness.
Studies used to test etiologic hypotheses in which inferences about an exposure to putative causal factors are derived from data relating to characteristics of persons under study or to events or experiences in their past. The essential feature is that some of the persons under study have the disease or outcome of interest and their characteristics are compared with those of unaffected persons.
Services providing counseling and activities that help overweight individuals to attain a more healthy body weight.
An indicator of body density as determined by the relationship of BODY WEIGHT to BODY HEIGHT. BMI=weight (kg)/height squared (m2). BMI correlates with body fat (ADIPOSE TISSUE). Their relationship varies with age and gender. For adults, BMI falls into these categories: below 18.5 (underweight); 18.5-24.9 (normal); 25.0-29.9 (overweight); 30.0 and above (obese). (National Center for Health Statistics, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention)
The status during which female mammals carry their developing young (EMBRYOS or FETUSES) in utero before birth, beginning from FERTILIZATION to BIRTH.
An infant during the first month after birth.
A diet designed to cause an individual to lose weight.
Descriptions of specific amino acid, carbohydrate, or nucleotide sequences which have appeared in the published literature and/or are deposited in and maintained by databanks such as GENBANK, European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), National Biomedical Research Foundation (NBRF), or other sequence repositories.
An infant whose weight at birth is less than 1500 grams (3.3 lbs), regardless of gestational age.
The relative amounts of various components in the body, such as percentage of body fat.
A status with BODY WEIGHT that is above certain standard of acceptable or desirable weight. In the scale of BODY MASS INDEX, overweight is defined as having a BMI of 25.0-29.9 kg/m2. Overweight may or may not be due to increases in body fat (ADIPOSE TISSUE), hence overweight does not equal "over fat".
Experimental transplantation of neoplasms in laboratory animals for research purposes.
The consumption of edible substances.
Total number of calories taken in daily whether ingested or by parenteral routes.
Mutant mice homozygous for the recessive gene "nude" which fail to develop a thymus. They are useful in tumor studies and studies on immune responses.
The order of amino acids as they occur in a polypeptide chain. This is referred to as the primary structure of proteins. It is of fundamental importance in determining PROTEIN CONFORMATION.
Regular course of eating and drinking adopted by a person or animal.
The sequence of PURINES and PYRIMIDINES in nucleic acids and polynucleotides. It is also called nucleotide sequence.
The age of the conceptus, beginning from the time of FERTILIZATION. In clinical obstetrics, the gestational age is often estimated as the time from the last day of the last MENSTRUATION which is about 2 weeks before OVULATION and fertilization.
Domesticated bovine animals of the genus Bos, usually kept on a farm or ranch and used for the production of meat or dairy products or for heavy labor.
A large lobed glandular organ in the abdomen of vertebrates that is responsible for detoxification, metabolism, synthesis and storage of various substances.
Specialized connective tissue composed of fat cells (ADIPOCYTES). It is the site of stored FATS, usually in the form of TRIGLYCERIDES. In mammals, there are two types of adipose tissue, the WHITE FAT and the BROWN FAT. Their relative distributions vary in different species with most adipose tissue being white.
Electrophoresis in which a polyacrylamide gel is used as the diffusion medium.
A sport in which weights are lifted competitively or as an exercise.
The chemical reactions involved in the production and utilization of various forms of energy in cells.
Permanent deprivation of breast milk and commencement of nourishment with other food. (From Stedman, 25th ed)
Measurements of the height, weight, length, area, etc., of the human and animal body or its parts.
An infant whose weight at birth is less than 1000 grams (2.2 lbs), regardless of GESTATIONAL AGE.
The rate dynamics in chemical or physical systems.
The technique that deals with the measurement of the size, weight, and proportions of the human or other primate body.
Accumulation of a drug or chemical substance in various organs (including those not relevant to its pharmacologic or therapeutic action). This distribution depends on the blood flow or perfusion rate of the organ, the ability of the drug to penetrate organ membranes, tissue specificity, protein binding. The distribution is usually expressed as tissue to plasma ratios.
Behavioral responses or sequences associated with eating including modes of feeding, rhythmic patterns of eating, and time intervals.
Antibodies produced by a single clone of cells.
Organic compounds that generally contain an amino (-NH2) and a carboxyl (-COOH) group. Twenty alpha-amino acids are the subunits which are polymerized to form proteins.
Any detectable and heritable change in the genetic material that causes a change in the GENOTYPE and which is transmitted to daughter cells and to succeeding generations.
The production of offspring by selective mating or HYBRIDIZATION, GENETIC in animals or plants.
Established cell cultures that have the potential to propagate indefinitely.
Any of various animals that constitute the family Suidae and comprise stout-bodied, short-legged omnivorous mammals with thick skin, usually covered with coarse bristles, a rather long mobile snout, and small tail. Included are the genera Babyrousa, Phacochoerus (wart hogs), and Sus, the latter containing the domestic pig (see SUS SCROFA).
The relationship between the dose of an administered drug and the response of the organism to the drug.
An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.
A process involving chance used in therapeutic trials or other research endeavor for allocating experimental subjects, human or animal, between treatment and control groups, or among treatment groups. It may also apply to experiments on inanimate objects.
Chromatography on non-ionic gels without regard to the mechanism of solute discrimination.
Genetically identical individuals developed from brother and sister matings which have been carried out for twenty or more generations, or by parent x offspring matings carried out with certain restrictions. All animals within an inbred strain trace back to a common ancestor in the twentieth generation.
Transplantation between animals of different species.
A species of gram-negative, facultatively anaerobic, rod-shaped bacteria (GRAM-NEGATIVE FACULTATIVELY ANAEROBIC RODS) commonly found in the lower part of the intestine of warm-blooded animals. It is usually nonpathogenic, but some strains are known to produce DIARRHEA and pyogenic infections. Pathogenic strains (virotypes) are classified by their specific pathogenic mechanisms such as toxins (ENTEROTOXIGENIC ESCHERICHIA COLI), etc.
Measuring and weighing systems and processes.
A cell line derived from cultured tumor cells.
The outward appearance of the individual. It is the product of interactions between genes, and between the GENOTYPE and the environment.
The condition of weighing two, three, or more times the ideal weight, so called because it is associated with many serious and life-threatening disorders. In the BODY MASS INDEX, morbid obesity is defined as having a BMI greater than 40.0 kg/m2.
An encapsulated lymphatic organ through which venous blood filters.
RNA sequences that serve as templates for protein synthesis. Bacterial mRNAs are generally primary transcripts in that they do not require post-transcriptional processing. Eukaryotic mRNA is synthesized in the nucleus and must be exported to the cytoplasm for translation. Most eukaryotic mRNAs have a sequence of polyadenylic acid at the 3' end, referred to as the poly(A) tail. The function of this tail is not known for certain, but it may play a role in the export of mature mRNA from the nucleus as well as in helping stabilize some mRNA molecules by retarding their degradation in the cytoplasm.
A 16-kDa peptide hormone secreted from WHITE ADIPOCYTES. Leptin serves as a feedback signal from fat cells to the CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM in regulation of food intake, energy balance, and fat storage.
General ill health, malnutrition, and weight loss, usually associated with chronic disease.
The number of offspring produced at one birth by a viviparous animal.
Procedures for finding the mathematical function which best describes the relationship between a dependent variable and one or more independent variables. In linear regression (see LINEAR MODELS) the relationship is constrained to be a straight line and LEAST-SQUARES ANALYSIS is used to determine the best fit. In logistic regression (see LOGISTIC MODELS) the dependent variable is qualitative rather than continuously variable and LIKELIHOOD FUNCTIONS are used to find the best relationship. In multiple regression, the dependent variable is considered to depend on more than a single independent variable.
Agents that increase energy expenditure and weight loss by neural and chemical regulation. Beta-adrenergic agents and serotoninergic drugs have been experimentally used in patients with non-insulin dependent diabetes mellitus (NIDDM) to treat obesity.
Studies in which subsets of a defined population are identified. These groups may or may not be exposed to factors hypothesized to influence the probability of the occurrence of a particular disease or other outcome. Cohorts are defined populations which, as a whole, are followed in an attempt to determine distinguishing subgroup characteristics.
Physical activity which is usually regular and done with the intention of improving or maintaining PHYSICAL FITNESS or HEALTH. Contrast with PHYSICAL EXERTION which is concerned largely with the physiologic and metabolic response to energy expenditure.
A human infant born before 37 weeks of GESTATION.
Experimentally induced neoplasms of CONNECTIVE TISSUE in animals to provide a model for studying human SARCOMA.
In vivo methods of screening investigative anticancer drugs, biologic response modifiers or radiotherapies. Human tumor tissue or cells are transplanted into mice or rats followed by tumor treatment regimens. A variety of outcomes are monitored to assess antitumor effectiveness.
Maleness or femaleness as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from SEX CHARACTERISTICS, anatomical or physiological manifestations of sex, and from SEX DISTRIBUTION, the number of males and females in given circumstances.
The species Oryctolagus cuniculus, in the family Leporidae, order LAGOMORPHA. Rabbits are born in burrows, furless, and with eyes and ears closed. In contrast with HARES, rabbits have 22 chromosome pairs.
Foodstuff used especially for domestic and laboratory animals, or livestock.
The insertion of recombinant DNA molecules from prokaryotic and/or eukaryotic sources into a replicating vehicle, such as a plasmid or virus vector, and the introduction of the resultant hybrid molecules into recipient cells without altering the viability of those cells.
Age as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or the effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from AGING, a physiological process, and TIME FACTORS which refers only to the passage of time.
A state of insufficient flesh on the body usually defined as having a body weight less than skeletal and physical standards. Depending on age, sex, and genetic background, a BODY MASS INDEX of less than 18.5 is considered as underweight.
Any of the ruminant mammals with curved horns in the genus Ovis, family Bovidae. They possess lachrymal grooves and interdigital glands, which are absent in GOATS.
Members of the class of compounds composed of AMINO ACIDS joined together by peptide bonds between adjacent amino acids into linear, branched or cyclical structures. OLIGOPEPTIDES are composed of approximately 2-12 amino acids. Polypeptides are composed of approximately 13 or more amino acids. PROTEINS are linear polypeptides that are normally synthesized on RIBOSOMES.
Lymphocytes responsible for cell-mediated immunity. Two types have been identified - cytotoxic (T-LYMPHOCYTES, CYTOTOXIC) and helper T-lymphocytes (T-LYMPHOCYTES, HELPER-INDUCER). They are formed when lymphocytes circulate through the THYMUS GLAND and differentiate to thymocytes. When exposed to an antigen, they divide rapidly and produce large numbers of new T cells sensitized to that antigen.
Extrachromosomal, usually CIRCULAR DNA molecules that are self-replicating and transferable from one organism to another. They are found in a variety of bacterial, archaeal, fungal, algal, and plant species. They are used in GENETIC ENGINEERING as CLONING VECTORS.
The restriction of a characteristic behavior, anatomical structure or physical system, such as immune response; metabolic response, or gene or gene variant to the members of one species. It refers to that property which differentiates one species from another but it is also used for phylogenetic levels higher or lower than the species.
A 51-amino acid pancreatic hormone that plays a major role in the regulation of glucose metabolism, directly by suppressing endogenous glucose production (GLYCOGENOLYSIS; GLUCONEOGENESIS) and indirectly by suppressing GLUCAGON secretion and LIPOLYSIS. Native insulin is a globular protein comprised of a zinc-coordinated hexamer. Each insulin monomer containing two chains, A (21 residues) and B (30 residues), linked by two disulfide bonds. Insulin is used as a drug to control insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (DIABETES MELLITUS, TYPE 1).
Genetically identical individuals developed from brother and sister matings which have been carried out for twenty or more generations or by parent x offspring matings carried out with certain restrictions. This also includes animals with a long history of closed colony breeding.
A strain of albino rat developed at the Wistar Institute that has spread widely at other institutions. This has markedly diluted the original strain.
Deliberate breeding of two different individuals that results in offspring that carry part of the genetic material of each parent. The parent organisms must be genetically compatible and may be from different varieties or closely related species.
Fats present in food, especially in animal products such as meat, meat products, butter, ghee. They are present in lower amounts in nuts, seeds, and avocados.
A deoxyribonucleotide polymer that is the primary genetic material of all cells. Eukaryotic and prokaryotic organisms normally contain DNA in a double-stranded state, yet several important biological processes transiently involve single-stranded regions. DNA, which consists of a polysugar-phosphate backbone possessing projections of purines (adenine and guanine) and pyrimidines (thymine and cytosine), forms a double helix that is held together by hydrogen bonds between these purines and pyrimidines (adenine to thymine and guanine to cytosine).
Cells grown in vitro from neoplastic tissue. If they can be established as a TUMOR CELL LINE, they can be propagated in cell culture indefinitely.
An oxide of aluminum, occurring in nature as various minerals such as bauxite, corundum, etc. It is used as an adsorbent, desiccating agent, and catalyst, and in the manufacture of dental cements and refractories.
Expected weight of a healthy normal individual based on age, sex, and height. Thus, a malnourished person would weigh less than their ideal body weight.
The location of the atoms, groups or ions relative to one another in a molecule, as well as the number, type and location of covalent bonds.
Linear POLYPEPTIDES that are synthesized on RIBOSOMES and may be further modified, crosslinked, cleaved, or assembled into complex proteins with several subunits. The specific sequence of AMINO ACIDS determines the shape the polypeptide will take, during PROTEIN FOLDING, and the function of the protein.
Morphological and physiological development of FETUSES.
Proteins prepared by recombinant DNA technology.
Cells propagated in vitro in special media conducive to their growth. Cultured cells are used to study developmental, morphologic, metabolic, physiologic, and genetic processes, among others.
Substances that inhibit or prevent the proliferation of NEOPLASMS.
Laboratory mice that have been produced from a genetically manipulated EGG or EMBRYO, MAMMALIAN.
The normality of a solution with respect to HYDROGEN ions; H+. It is related to acidity measurements in most cases by pH = log 1/2[1/(H+)], where (H+) is the hydrogen ion concentration in gram equivalents per liter of solution. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)
A generic term for fats and lipoids, the alcohol-ether-soluble constituents of protoplasm, which are insoluble in water. They comprise the fats, fatty oils, essential oils, waxes, phospholipids, glycolipids, sulfolipids, aminolipids, chromolipids (lipochromes), and fatty acids. (Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)
A vinyl polymer made from ethylene. It can be branched or linear. Branched or low-density polyethylene is tough and pliable but not to the same degree as linear polyethylene. Linear or high-density polyethylene has a greater hardness and tensile strength. Polyethylene is used in a variety of products, including implants and prostheses.
Conditions or pathological processes associated with pregnancy. They can occur during or after pregnancy, and range from minor discomforts to serious diseases that require medical interventions. They include diseases in pregnant females, and pregnancies in females with diseases.
The process in which substances, either endogenous or exogenous, bind to proteins, peptides, enzymes, protein precursors, or allied compounds. Specific protein-binding measures are often used as assays in diagnostic assessments.
The physical characteristics of the body, including the mode of performance of functions, the activity of metabolic processes, the manner and degree of reactions to stimuli, and power of resistance to the attack of pathogenic organisms.
A transplantable carcinoma of the rat that originally appeared spontaneously in the mammary gland of a pregnant albino rat, and which now resembles a carcinoma in young transplants and a sarcoma in older transplants. (Stedman, 25th ed)
Proteins obtained from foods. They are the main source of the ESSENTIAL AMINO ACIDS.
The gradual irreversible changes in structure and function of an organism that occur as a result of the passage of time.
Experimentally induced mammary neoplasms in animals to provide a model for studying human BREAST NEOPLASMS.
The total process by which organisms produce offspring. (Stedman, 25th ed)
The failure of a FETUS to attain its expected FETAL GROWTH at any GESTATIONAL AGE.
The physical activity of a human or an animal as a behavioral phenomenon.
The range or frequency distribution of a measurement in a population (of organisms, organs or things) that has not been selected for the presence of disease or abnormality.
Body organ that filters blood for the secretion of URINE and that regulates ion concentrations.
The processes of milk secretion by the maternal MAMMARY GLANDS after PARTURITION. The proliferation of the mammary glandular tissue, milk synthesis, and milk expulsion or let down are regulated by the interactions of several hormones including ESTRADIOL; PROGESTERONE; PROLACTIN; and OXYTOCIN.
The amount of fat or lipid deposit at a site or an organ in the body, an indicator of body fat status.
Reduction in caloric intake without reduction in adequate nutrition. In experimental animals, caloric restriction has been shown to extend lifespan and enhance other physiological variables.
State of the body in relation to the consumption and utilization of nutrients.
Refers to animals in the period of time just after birth.
Conjugated protein-carbohydrate compounds including mucins, mucoid, and amyloid glycoproteins.
The property of objects that determines the direction of heat flow when they are placed in direct thermal contact. The temperature is the energy of microscopic motions (vibrational and translational) of the particles of atoms.
Liquid chromatographic techniques which feature high inlet pressures, high sensitivity, and high speed.
Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of biological processes or diseases. For disease models in living animals, DISEASE MODELS, ANIMAL is available. Biological models include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.
Surgical procedure in which the STOMACH is transected high on the body. The resulting small proximal gastric pouch is joined to any parts of the SMALL INTESTINE by an end-to-side SURGICAL ANASTOMOSIS, depending on the amounts of intestinal surface being bypasses. This procedure is used frequently in the treatment of MORBID OBESITY by limiting the size of functional STOMACH, food intake, and food absorption.
Compounds and molecular complexes that consist of very large numbers of atoms and are generally over 500 kDa in size. In biological systems macromolecular substances usually can be visualized using ELECTRON MICROSCOPY and are distinguished from ORGANELLES by the lack of a membrane structure.
Studies in which the presence or absence of disease or other health-related variables are determined in each member of the study population or in a representative sample at one particular time. This contrasts with LONGITUDINAL STUDIES which are followed over a period of time.
PRESSURE of the BLOOD on the ARTERIES and other BLOOD VESSELS.
A principle of estimation in which the estimates of a set of parameters in a statistical model are those quantities minimizing the sum of squared differences between the observed values of a dependent variable and the values predicted by the model.
Concentrated pharmaceutical preparations of plants obtained by removing active constituents with a suitable solvent, which is evaporated away, and adjusting the residue to a prescribed standard.
Identification of proteins or peptides that have been electrophoretically separated by blot transferring from the electrophoresis gel to strips of nitrocellulose paper, followed by labeling with antibody probes.
The parts of a macromolecule that directly participate in its specific combination with another molecule.
Synthetic thermoplastics that are tough, flexible, inert, and resistant to chemicals and electrical current. They are often used as biocompatible materials for prostheses and implants.
The continuous sequential physiological and psychological maturing of an individual from birth up to but not including ADOLESCENCE.
The giving of drugs, chemicals, or other substances by mouth.
Results of conception and ensuing pregnancy, including LIVE BIRTH; STILLBIRTH; SPONTANEOUS ABORTION; INDUCED ABORTION. The outcome may follow natural or artificial insemination or any of the various ASSISTED REPRODUCTIVE TECHNIQUES, such as EMBRYO TRANSFER or FERTILIZATION IN VITRO.

Contribution of sensory feedback to the generation of extensor activity during walking in the decerebrate Cat. (1/2159)

In this investigation we have estimated the afferent contribution to the generation of activity in the knee and ankle extensor muscles during walking in decerebrate cats by loading and unloading extensor muscles, and by unilateral deafferentation of a hind leg. The total contribution of afferent feedback to extensor burst generation was estimated by allowing one hind leg to step into a hole in the treadmill belt on which the animal was walking. In the absence of ground support the level of activity in knee and ankle extensor muscles was reduced to approximately 70% of normal. Activity in the ankle extensors could be restored during the "foot-in-hole" trials by selectively resisting extension at the ankle. Thus feedback from proprioceptors in the ankle extensor muscles probably makes a large contribution to burst generation in these muscles during weight-bearing steps. Similarly, feedback from proprioceptors in knee extensor appears to contribute substantially to the activation of knee extensor muscles because unloading and loading these muscles, by lifting and dropping the hindquarters, strongly reduced and increased, respectively, the level of activity in the knee extensors. This conclusion was supported by the finding that partial deafferentation of one hind leg by transection of the L4-L6 dorsal roots reduced the level of activity in the knee extensors by approximately 50%, but did not noticeably influence the activity in ankle extensor muscles. However, extending the deafferentation to include the L7-S2 dorsal roots decreased the ankle extensor activity. We conclude that afferent feedback contributes to more than one-half of the input to knee and ankle extensor motoneurons during the stance phase of walking in decerebrate cats. The continuous contribution of afferent feedback to the generation of extensor activity could function to automatically adjust the intensity of activity to meet external demands.  (+info)

Meniscal movement. An in-vivo study using dynamic MRI. (2/2159)

We present the first study in vivo of meniscal movement in normal knees under load. Using an open MR scanner, allowing imaging in physiological positions in near to real-time, 16 young footballers were scanned moving from full extension to 90 degrees flexion in the sagittal and coronal planes. Excursion of the meniscal horns, radial displacement and meniscal height were measured. On weight-bearing, the anterior horn of the medial meniscus moves through a mean of 7.1 mm and the posterior horn through 3.9 mm, with 3.6 mm of mediolateral radial displacement. The height of the anterior horn increases by 2.6 mm and that of the posterior horn by 2.0 mm. The anterior horn of the lateral meniscus moves 9.5 mm and the posterior horn 5.6 mm, with 3.7 mm of radial displacement. The height of the anterior horn increases by 4.0 mm, and that of the posterior horn by 2.4 mm. In non-weight-bearing, the anterior horn of the medial meniscus moves 5.4 mm and the posterior horn 3.8 mm, with 3.3 mm of radial displacement. The anterior horn of the lateral meniscus moves 6.3 mm, and the posterior horn 4.0 mm, with 3.4 mm of radial displacement. The most significant differences between weight-bearing and non-weight-bearing were the movement and vertical height of the anterior horn of the lateral meniscus.  (+info)

Experimental assessment of proximal stent-graft (InterVascular) fixation in human cadaveric infrarenal aortas. (3/2159)

OBJECTIVES: This paper investigates the radial deformation load of an aortic endoluminal prosthesis and determines the longitudinal load required to cause migration in a human cadaveric aorta of the endoprosthesis. DESIGN AND METHODS: The endovascular prosthesis under investigation was a 24 mm diameter, nitinol, self-expanding aortoaortic device (InterVascular, Clearwater, Florida, U.S.A.). Initially, a motorised digital force gauge developed an incremental load which was applied to the ends of five stent-grafts, to a maximum of 10 mm (42%) compression. Secondly, using a simple bench model, each ends of four stent-grafts were deployed into 10 cadaveric experimental aneurysm necks and a longitudinal load applied to effect distraction. RESULTS: Increasing load produced increasing percentage deformation of the stent-grafts. The mean longitudinal distraction load for an aneurysm neck of 20 mm was 409 g (200-480 g), for 15 mm was 277 g (130-410 g) and for 10 mm was 218 g (130-340 g). The aneurysm diameter and aortic calcification had p values of 0.002 and 0.047, respectively, while the p value for aneurysm neck length was less than 0.00001. CONCLUSIONS: These results suggest that there is a theoretical advantage of oversizing an aortic prosthesis and that sufficient anchorage is achieved in an aortic neck of 10 mm to prevent migration when fully deployed.  (+info)

Control of fingertip forces in multidigit manipulation. (4/2159)

Previous studies of control of fingertip forces in skilled manipulation have focused on tasks involving two digits, typically the thumb and index finger. Here we examine control of fingertip actions in a multidigit task in which subjects lifted an object using unimanual and bimanual grasps engaging the tips of the thumb and two fingers. The grasps resembled those used when lifting a cylindrical object from above; the two fingers were some 4.25 cm apart and the thumb was approximately 5.54 cm from either finger. The three-dimensional forces and torques applied by each digit and the digit contact positions were measured along with the position and orientation of the object. The vertical forces applied tangential to the grasp surfaces to lift the object were synchronized across the digits, and the contribution by each digit to the total vertical force reflected intrinsic object properties (geometric relationship between the object's center of mass and the grasped surfaces). Subjects often applied small torques tangential to the grasped surfaces even though the object could have been lifted without such torques. The normal forces generated by each digit increased in parallel with the local tangential load (force and torque), providing an adequate safety margin against slips at each digit. In the present task, the orientations of the force vectors applied by the separate digits were not fully constrained and therefore the motor controller had to choose from a number of possible solutions. Our findings suggest that subjects attempt to minimize (or at least reduce) fingertip forces while at the same time ensure that grasp stability is preserved. Subjects also avoid horizontal tangential forces, even at a small cost in total force. Moreover, there were subtle actions exerted by the digits that included changes in the distribution of vertical forces across digits and slight object tilt. It is not clear to what extent the brain explicitly controlled these actions, but they could serve, for instance, to keep tangential torques small and to compensate for variations in digit contact positions. In conclusion, we have shown that when lifting an object with a three-digit grip, the coordination of fingertip forces, in many respects, matches what has been documented previously for two-digit grasping. At the same time, our study reveals novel aspects of force control that emerge only in multidigit manipulative tasks.  (+info)

A chest wall restrictor to study effects on pulmonary function and exercise. 1. Development and validation. (5/2159)

Chest wall-restrictive loading reduces a person's ability to expand the chest wall during inhalation and results in decrements in lung capacities, resting pulmonary function, and ultimately, exercise performance. Chest wall restriction is observed in some forms of skeletal and pulmonary diseases (e.g., scoliosis) as well as in occupational situations (e.g., bulletproof vests). We have designed a constant-pressure chest wall-restrictive device that provides a quantifiable and reproducible load on the chest. This paper describes the device and the initial pulmonary function tests conducted. Ten subjects participated in this study. Subjects wore the restrictive device while performing pulmonary function tests at four externally added restrictive loads on three separate occasions. A two-way repeated-measures multivariate analysis of variance revealed significant decreases in forced expiratory vital capacity (FVC) and forced expiratory volume in 1 s (FEV1.0) at each load while the ratio of FEV1.0 to FVC (FEV1.0%) was maintained. No significant differences in any variable were found across time or between the seated and standing position. These results indicate that this chest wall-restrictive device provides a quantifiable added inspiratory load in the breathing cycle that results in reproducible decrements in pulmonary function representative of those seen in some restrictive pulmonary disease and occupational situations.  (+info)

A chest wall restrictor to study effects on pulmonary function and exercise. 2. The energetics of restrictive breathing. (6/2159)

Chest wall restriction, whether caused by disease or mechanical constraints such as protective outerwear, can cause decrements in pulmonary function and exercise capacity. However, the study of the oxygen cost associated with mechanical chest restriction has so far been purely qualitative. The previous paper in this series described a device to impose external chest wall restriction, its effects on forced spirometric volumes, and its test-retest reliability. The purpose of this experiment was to measure the oxygen cost associated with varied levels of external chest wall restriction. Oxygen uptake and electromyogram (EMG) of the external intercostals were recorded during chest restriction in 10 healthy males. Subjects rested for 9 min before undergoing volitional isocapnic hyperpnea for 6 min. Subjects breathed at minute ventilations (V.I) of 30, 60, and 90 liters/min with chest wall loads of 0, 25, 50 and 75 mm Hg applied. Frequency of breathing was set at 15, 30, and 45 breaths per minute with a constant tidal volume (VT) of 2 liters. Oxygen uptake was measured continuously at rest and throughout the hyperventilation bouts, while controlling V.I and VT. Integrated EMG (IEMG) from the 3rd intercostal space was recorded during each minute of rest and hyperventilation. Two-way ANOVA with repeated measures revealed that chest wall loading and hyperpnea significantly increased V.O2 values (p < 0.01). External intercostal IEMG levels were significantly increased (p < 0.05) at higher restrictive load (50 and 75 mm Hg) and at the highest minute ventilation (90 liters/min). These data suggest that there is a significant and quantifiable increase in the oxygen cost associated with external chest wall restriction which is directly related to the level of chest wall restriction.  (+info)

The influence of weight-bearing on the measurement of polyethylene wear in THA. (7/2159)

We have studied the influence of weight-bearing on the measurement of wear of the polyethylene acetabular component in total hip arthroplasty using two techniques. The measured vertical wear was significantly greater when radiographs were taken weight-bearing rather than with the patient supine (p = 0.001, method 1; p = 0.007, method 2). Calculations of rates of linear wear of the acetabular component were significantly underestimated (p < 0.05) when radiographs were taken supine. There are two reasons for this. First, a change in pelvic orientation when bearing weight ensures that the thinnest polyethylene is brought into relief, and secondly, the head of the femoral component assumes the position of maximal displacement along its wear path. Interpretation of previous studies on both linear and volumetric polyethylene wear in total hip arthroplasty should be reassessed in the light of these findings.  (+info)

Dynamic strength of the quadriceps muscle and sports activity. (8/2159)

The study objectives were to examine the dynamic strength of the quadriceps muscle in athletes, and investigate its association with participation in sport. The study comprised 168 active competitive non-pregnant athletes, aged 14-24 years. The dynamic strength of their quadriceps muscle was measured, and they answered a questionnaire about sports activity and occupation. The dynamic strength of the quadriceps muscle was significantly higher in men than in women, and was positively associated with body weight, years of jogging, years of soccer, and weekly hours of basketball. In conclusion, the dynamic strength of the quadriceps muscle seems to be associated with sports activity. The results suggest sport specific adaptation, which may reflect high levels of running and jumping activity.  (+info)

Abstract: In this study, joint reposition sense of the knee in a non-weight-bearing (NWB) state and that in a weight-bearing (WB) state were compared, and it was determined whether a significant relationship existed between knee displacement (KD) and joint reposition sense. The dominant knees of 8 male and 12 female subjects (age 19-26 years, M ± SD = 21.5 ± 2.06) who had no previous history of knee dysfunction were tested for accuracy of angular reproduction in the WB and NWB states. There was a significant difference in the accuracy of angular repositioning between the two conditions, with the WB test having less deviation from the predetermined angle. There was a weak relationship between KD and the ability to reproduce specific angles of the knee. These results suggest that the WB or closed chain state of the knee was more accurate in the determination of joint position sense than the NWB or open chain condition. Comparison of weight bearing and non-weight bearing conditions on knee joint ...
Abstract: Knee ligament injuries frequently happen when the joint transitions from non-weight bearing (NWB) to weight bearing (WB). To gain insight into the mechanism that produces these injuries, physically active females (N = 41) and males (N = 39) underwent measurement of coupled joint displacements [anterior tibial translation (ATT) and varus-valgus and internal-external rotations] and neuromuscular responses as the knee transitioned from NWB to WB in response to a 40% body weight load applied under the control of gravity. The transition from NWB to WB produced no difference in ATT between males and females; however, significant sex-based differences were noted for both transverse and frontal plane knee motions. With the knee NWB, females were in a greater absolute valgus compared to males (6.6 vs. 5.0°), and moved through greater varus motion than males during the transition from NW to WB (2.3 vs. 1.4°), resulting in similar valgus alignment for both sexes at peak WB (4.3 vs. 3.6°). In ...
In the manual therapy video below NAIOMT Faculty Bill Temes demonstrates combined PIVMs (non-weight bearing H and I test). If youd like to develop your clinical reasoning skills in this area, join us for one of our upcoming Advanced Lower Quadrant Integration courses: Castle Rock, CO - Sept 17-18 - Advanced Lower Quadrant Integration Portland,…
TY - JOUR. T1 - The perceived effect of load carriage on marksmanship in the tactical athlete. AU - Orr, Rob Marc. AU - Poke, D.. AU - Stierli, Michael. AU - Hinton, Benjamin. N1 - Conference code: 2015 PY - 2015. Y1 - 2015. N2 - Introduction: Tactical athletes, such as military and specialist police personnel, frequently carry heavy external loads when engaging in marksmanship activities. Although studies have suggested negative relationships between load carriage and marksmanship, there are no known studies comparing subjective expectation (i.e. perception) of marksmanship performance with actual objective measures. The purpose of this investigation was to explore relationships between the perceived effects of load carriage on marksmanship accuracy and objective measures of marksmanship in specialist police officers during an operation-like scenario.Methods: Six men (mean age = 34.0 ± 7.4 years, mean height = 184.2 ± 3.3 cm, mean body weight = 96.3 ± 6.4 kg) from a police Tactical ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - An in vivo study on load distribution in different implant configurations for supporting fixed partial dentures. AU - Kobari, Hiromori. AU - Yoda, Nobuhiro. AU - Chen, Junning. AU - Kawata, Tetsuo. AU - Sasaki, Keiichi. N1 - Publisher Copyright: © 2016 by Quintessence Publishing Co Inc.. PY - 2016. Y1 - 2016. N2 - Purpose: The aims of this study were to develop a device for in vivo measurement of three-dimensional (3D) loads on implants and to investigate the effects of implant configuration on the load distribution under a three-unit fixed partial denture (FPD). Materials and Methods: A 67-year-old female patient with three implants (in the mandibular left second premolar, first molar, and second molar regions) was recruited. Four implant configurations for a three-unit FPD depending on the number and position of the implants were considered in this study. They included a three-implant prosthesis and three types of two-implant prosthesis: a central pontic, posterior cantilever, ...
Weight-Bearing Exercise Does Not Prevent Increased Bone Turnover During Weight Loss, While there are many benefits of losing weight, weight reduction also might negatively affect bones in the body. During weight loss, bones are being remodeled -- breaking down old bone and forming new bone -- at an accelerated rate. As a result, bone density is reduced, causing increased fragility. In a new study, University of Missouri researchers found that weight-bearing exercise, in this case
Learn more about Weight-bearing Exercise at Reston Hospital Center If your doctor or trainer recommends weight-bearing exercise and youre not quite sure what it...
Learn more about Weight-bearing Exercise at Regional Medical Center Bayonet Point If your doctor or trainer recommends weight-bearing exercise and youre not quite...
Learn more about Weight-bearing Exercise at Memorial Hospital If your doctor or trainer recommends weight-bearing exercise and youre not quite sure what it is,...
The rationale for this research study is to evaluate the effect on clinical outcomes of weight bearing as tolerated after forage surgery for the treatment of osteochondral defects of the ankle, thus potentially eliminating the need for a period of immobilisation or non-weight bearing after surgery.. The investigators hypothesize that their will be no difference in functional outcomes between weight bearing as tolerated as compared to non-weight bearing for six weeks after forage surgery for OCD of the ankle. ...
The rationale for this research study is to evaluate the effect on clinical outcomes of weight bearing as tolerated after forage surgery for the treatment of osteochondral defects of the ankle, thus potentially eliminating the need for a period of immobilisation or non-weight bearing after surgery.. The investigators hypothesize that their will be no difference in functional outcomes between weight bearing as tolerated as compared to non-weight bearing for six weeks after forage surgery for OCD of the ankle. ...
A method and apparatus are described for evaluating a load bearing surface such as a seat. Preferred apparatus for the practice of the invention comprises a plurality of sensors which are distributed across a load bearing surface such as a seat pan, apparatus for measuring the pressures exerted on the sensors when a weight is placed on the load bearing surface, and signal processing apparatus for evaluating the pressures that are measured. Advantageously, the signal processing apparatus can be utilized to store data which represents a comfort level for the load bearing surface and to evaluate the measured pressures in light of that data. For example, the data stored can be pressure measurements for a series of seats correlated with subjective appraisals of seat comfort and the evaluation can be performed by statistical analysis and comparison of the pressure measurements for a seat under test with the stored pressure measurements. Alternatively, the data stored can be a mathematical formula which
A method and apparatus are described for evaluating a load bearing surface such as a seat. Preferred apparatus for the practice of the invention comprises a plurality of sensors which are distributed across a load bearing surface such as a seat pan, apparatus for measuring the pressures exerted on the sensors when a weight is placed on the load bearing surface, and signal processing apparatus for evaluating the pressures that are measured. Advantageously, the signal processing apparatus can be utilized to store data which represents a comfort level for the load bearing surface and to evaluate the measured pressures in light of that data. For example, the data stored can be pressure measurements for a series of seats correlated with subjective appraisals of seat comfort and the evaluation can be performed by statistical analysis and comparison of the pressure measurements for a seat under test with the stored pressure measurements. Alternatively, the data stored can be a mathematical formula which
Bär, Manuel. Influence of mobilization and weight bearing on in-hospital outcome in geriatric patients with hip fractures. 2019, University of Zurich, Faculty of Medicine. ...
PRF readers can get free access to a selected Journal of Pain paper each month, thanks to the American Pain Society. Get the free full text of the selection from the December 2017 issue here.. ...
PubMed comprises more than 30 million citations for biomedical literature from MEDLINE, life science journals, and online books. Citations may include links to full-text content from PubMed Central and publisher web sites.
A 13-month-old girl presented with refusal to weight bear and walk for 2 weeks. She was refusing to sit or lie on her back. She was sleeping prone. She was able to crawl. There was no history of trauma. She was opening her bowels normally. Two weeks before admission, she had upper respiratory tract infection treated with antibiotics. Her birth and neonatal period … ...
So you want to spice up your workouts, and venture into weight-bearing territory. Smart move. Regularly doing weight-bearing exercise, which forces you to work against gravity, is among the best ways ...
Combining gait training and challenging tasks to the postural control system in SCA individuals is viable, well tolerated by patients with SCA, and resulted in changes in capacity for walking and balance.
Front load carriage is a common occupational task in some industries (e.g. agriculture, construction), but, as compared to lifting tasks, relatively little research has been conducted on the biomechanical loading during these activities. The focus of this study was to explore the low back biomechanics during these activities and, specifically, to examine the effects of load height and walking spee
The elderly can build lower limb bone strength with habitual weight-bearing exercises, not medium or low impact exercise, research shows. 1
Practising weight-bearing exercises such as resistance training and various types of jumps may increase bone density in men, a new study has found. These exercises decrease sclerostin, a protein made in the bone, and increase IGF-1, a hormone associated with bone growth. The changes promote
Many of us spend nearly the entire day sitting in one. Yet, few of us think of them as a fitness tool. A chair can be used to perform many weight-bearing exercises. That means, rather than paying for an expensive gym membership, you can tone with resistance in the convenience and comfort of your own home.
Weight-bearing exercise, like walking, along with adequate intakes of both Vitamin D, calcium, and magnesium builds strong bones.
A disc player for reading out and reproducing information signals recorded on an information disc, such as an optical disc, and displaying the read out and reproduced information signals on a display section, and a loading device for loading an information disc, such as an optical disc, or a disc table, in which both a disc proper and a disc cartridge comprised of a disc and a cartridge accommodating such disc may be loaded on the disc table. The disc player enables the information on the disc to be read out and reproduced and the readout and reproducing information to be displayed as a visual information, and is reduced in size so as to be portable. The loading device enables both the disc cartridge and the disc proper to be loaded on the disc player.
Objective: This study examined the effects of various backpack loads on elementary schoolchildrens posture and postural compensations as demonstrated by a change in forward head position.. Subjects: A convenience sample of 11 schoolchildren, aged 8-11 years participated.. Methods: Sagittal digital photographs were taken of each subject standing without a backpack, and then with the loaded backpack before and after walking 6 minutes (6MWT) at free walking speed. This was repeated over three consecutive weeks using backpacks containing randomly assigned weights of 10%, 15%, or 20% body weight of each respective subject. The craniovertebral angle (CVA) was measured using digitizing software, recorded and analyzed.. Results: Subjects demonstrated immediate and statistically significant changes in CVA, indicating increased forward head positions upon donning the backpacks containing 15% and 20% body weight. Following the 6MWT, the CVA demonstrated further statistically significant changes for all ...
Weight 0.9. Initial Exam (6/21/17). DVM Intake Exam. Estimated age: 4 weeks. Microchip noted on Intake? not scanned. History : not known. Subjective: QAR, euhydrated, trembling, NWB R hind. Observed Behavior - allows all but protests, painful. Evidence of Cruelty seen - none. Evidence of Trauma seen - yes, bleeding from nose and fracture. Objective. BCS 5/9. EENT: Eyes clear, ears clean, moderate bloody nasal discharge. Nares are swollen.. Oral Exam: all deciduous dentition present, no visible ulcers, bleeding, or fractures. PLN: No enlargements noted. H/L: NSR, NMA, CRT , 2, Lungs clear, eupnic, no evidence of pneumothorax. ABD: Non painful, no masses palpated, intact bladder palpable. U/G: female. MSI: Non-weight bearing on the right hind. Right hind dangles and moves side-to-side at the mid-femur when kitten is held. Painful/reluctant on left hip extension - right hip extension not attempted due to unstable femoral fracture.. CNS: QAR to dull but responsive to pain. Palpebral reflex intact, ...
The study documented three-dimensional spinal loading during lifting from an industrial bin. Two lifting styles and two bin design factors were examined in Phase I. The lifting style measures in Phase I were one hand versus two hand and standing on one foot versus two feet. The bin design variables were region of load in the bin and bin height. The Phase II study examined one-handed lifting styles
Next to the femur, the tibia is the largest bone in the body. It is the weight bearing bone of the lower leg. The upper end of the tibia joins with the femur and its lower end joins with the talus, the bone that forms the lower part of the ankle. The fibula is located on the outer side of the leg. Unlike the tibia, this bone is non-weight bearing. Instead, it functions as an ankle joint stabilizer and as an attachment site for one of the four major knee ligaments and the biceps femoris tendon. The lower end of the fibula protrudes on the lateral side of the ankle ...
Yoga and Pilates can be beneficial because they are non-weight bearing exercises. To stretch the hips, lie on your back with knees bent. Cross you right or left foot over your leg. Reach your hand through the legs and gently pull toward the chest. If your balance is good, you can perform the same sort of exercise while standing. If needed, hold on to the wall. Flex your good knee slightly, then place the opposing, or affected leg on the thigh. Gently bend your standing knee until you feel the stretch in the hip.. You can continue only if the stretches feel good and dont cause more pain. Again, consult your physician if you have any questions or if activity is too painful. Weight loss If you are overweight or obese, its important to lose weight. Too much weight only makes osteoarthritis of the hips and knees worse. Start with trying to increase your activity and speak with your doctor about a weight loss plan. Anti-inflammatory foods. Eating a handful of tart cherries is shown in studies to ...
Osteoporotic vertebral fractures typically have a gradual onset, frequently remain clinically undetected, and do not seem to be related to traumatic events. The osteoporotic vertebrae may therefore be expected to display a less optimal bone architecture, leading to an uneven load distribution over the bone material. We evaluated the trabecular load distribution in an osteoporotic and a healthy vertebra under normal daily loading by combining three recent innovations: high resolution computed tomography (microCT) of entire bones, microfinite element analyses (microFEA), and parallel supercomputers. Much to our surprise, the number of highly loaded trabeculae was not higher in the osteoporotic vertebra than in the healthy one under normal daily loads (8% and 9%, respectively). The osteoporotic trabeculae were more oriented in the longitudinal direction, compensating for effects of bone loss and ensuring adequate stiffness for normal daily loading. The increased orientation did, however, make the ...
I had 6 weeks of non-weight bearing, 6 weeks of partial weight bearing and am now able to walk around freely and generally things seem to be healing well. Ive been physically active and doing gym work like squats etc to strengthen my bones aswell as stretches for the muscles in that area ...
Download as PDF Phase I- Maximum Protection (Weeks 0 to 6) Cast or boot for 4-6 weeks Elevate the ankle above the heart Non-weight bearing x 4-6 weeks Multi-plane hip strengthening Core and upper extremity strengthening Phase II- Range of Motion and Early strengthening (Weeks 6 to 12)) Restoration of normal gait mechanics Full active […]. ...
There was an article in the Orlando Sentinel the other day that spoke about swimming and how it was never too late to start. The same thing is true with most dogs. A full body workout, swimming is about as perfect as an exercise can get. Its non-weight bearing, making it easy on joints, and the water provides more resistance than air, which not only makes the exercise more difficult, but helps to prevent injury by not allowing for sudden movements.. While there are some medical conditions where swimming is not appropriate, generally dogs of all ages can benefit from regular swimming in a warm water pool, especially under the guidance of a trained canine aqua therapist. From puppies to seniors, the benefits are significant. Here are just ...
Benefits of rowing machine exercises include weight loss, full body workout, muscle building. They are non-weight bearing and a low-impact option.
Background and Purpose: Sit-to-stand (STS) and static standing mechanics are related to fall risk and function after hip fracture. Often, these patients avoid weight bearing on the fracture side after rehabilitation. The purpose of this study was to use a novel clinically-relevant protocol to examine standing and STS vertical ground reaction force (vGRF) in light of perceptual measures of loading symmetry and muscle torque production in this population. Methods: A person post hip fracture performed 3 different STS conditions and 2 simple load-matching tasks. Motion, force plate, and perceptual data on weight distribution and load were collected. Findings: Standing and STS asymmetry were not explained by strength. A perceptual issue may be limiting performance progress in achieving symmetry. Clinical Relevance: Active task-specific training, augmented by attention to perception of movement, load, or strength, may assist in attaining symmetry in STS. Conclusion: Some patients may benefit when mechanical
TY - JOUR. T1 - Laser shock loading device for real time evaluation of shock induced reaction.. AU - Ito, K.. AU - Aizawa, T.. PY - 1800. Y1 - 1800. M3 - Article. VL - 85 (1998). SP - 91. EP - 96. JO - J. Materials Processing Technology.. JF - J. Materials Processing Technology.. ER - ...
I plan to replace a load bearing wall with two sets of columns and cross beams. Is this a sound replacement for the wall? What pitfalls should I watch ...
Osteoarthritis (OA) is the most common arthritis in the world, affecting >300 million adults. OA of the knee in particular is a leading cause of disability globally, largely due to pain. Early in the course of knee OA, the pain occurs primarily with weight-bearing activities, while in later stages of disease, the pain becomes more persistent and can also radiate beyond the affected joint. These clinical observations suggest that mechanisms beyond nociception contribute to the pain experience in knee OA. In addition, there is now greater recognition of the psychosocial factors that can shape the pain experience. This presentation will review current evidence regarding mechanisms contributing to the experience of pain in knee OA, including pain sensitization and potential neuropathic-like pain symptoms, and discuss insights gained by studying pain phenotypes. Greater understanding and assessment of pain mechanisms and phenotypes can lead to efforts in mechanism-based approaches to management of OA ...
With aging, our bones tends to decrease in size and they lose density. This causes your bones to weaken which makes them more apt to fracture easily. People tend to become shorter in stature as they age, because of these two changes to the bone tissue. To combat these changes in your bones, include plenty of vitamin D and calcium in your diet. You can build bone density by doing weight-bearing activities such as walking ...
With aging, our bones tends to decrease in size and they lose density. This causes your bones to weaken which makes them more apt to fracture easily. Because of these two changes to the bone tissue, people tend to become shorter in stature as they age. To combat these changes in your bones, include plenty of vitamin D and calcium in your diet. You can build bone density by doing weight-bearing activities such as walking ...
I just want to say THANKS so much- I took Juvenon (your first and only product at the time) 10 years ago- when I was diagnosed with breast cancer and going through radiation. I was never tired and worked full time throughout the whole treatment. My radiologist looked at the ingredients and said it was fine to take and wouldnt interfere with treatment- that it is a natural body ingredients. I am cancer free and couldnt have continued to work without it.. -Angela Geiger. ...
Purpose: Ingestion of tyrosine (TYR), a catecholamine precursor, has previously improved aspects of cognitive function and mood during acute stress, although there is limited research exploring the optimal dose relative ...
Crowne Plaza Hotel Nashua: Lots of cardio machines, full weight room and... - See 501 traveler reviews, 242 candid photos, and great deals for Crowne Plaza Hotel Nashua at TripAdvisor.
Everyone wants weight loss the easy way, and some dont realize that there are simple strategies not connected to dieting or weight loss that you can do so you can still lose calories and pounds. Check those allergy medicines Some people .. Read More. Health and Wellness , 03.31.15 , No Comments. ...
It is followed by the dedifferentiation of the cells. This process produces only a minimal concentration of the cells. Hence the use of micro carrier cultures ...
62 years gentleman presented to us with infected Right TKR which was performed 1 year ago elsewhere.. A 2 stage revision TKR was planned. In the first stage primary prosthesis was removed, thorough debridement was done and customized, mobile antibiotic cement spacer was placed in situ. Antibiotics were given for a total of 6 weeks till the infection was eradicated. 8 weeks later 2nd stage revision TKR done with RHK (Rotating Hinge Knee) and Stem Extender and Metallic Augment ( Distal and Posterior Femur Augments / Wedges).. Patient is comfortable and walking pain free with full weight bearing with no sign suggestive of recurrence of infection.. Revision TKR in the scenario of infection is challenging. At our center we have successfully managed many such cases.. ...
types of weight bearing product listings on SeekPart.com - Choose quality types of weight bearing products from large database of types of weight bearing manufacturers and suppliers at SeekPart.com.
Background: The optimal rehabilitation protocol after surgical repair of an Achilles tendon rupture has not been well defined. The objective of this randomized study was to compare the effect of early weight-bearing with that of non-weight-bearing on early postoperative recovery following repair of an acutely ruptured Achilles tendon. Methods: Between October 2003 and May 2006, 110 patients with a surgically repaired Achilles tendon rupture were enrolled from one of two major trauma-care tertiary hospitals. All patients were non-weight-bearing for the first two weeks postoperatively. At the two-week postoperative visit, patients were randomized to either weight-bearing or non-weight-bearing for an additional four weeks. Compliance was measured with a pressure sensor in the fixed-hinge ankle-foot orthosis given to each patient. Follow-up assessments were performed at six weeks, three months, and six months postoperatively. The primary outcome was health-related quality of life assessed with use ...
Weeks 1 - 4: M.D. Start ankle isometrics inside the boot immediately post-op. 11/19/15 started driving practice. Most people use crutches after ankle surgery but other mobility devices to consider include a knee scooter and hands-free crutch. Im continuing on the IV antibiotics and have added yet another oral antibiotic. With your crutches, try to walk using a normal heel-toe pattern. Q. Any time a bone is broken we have to remove pressure on that bone to allow it to heal. NWB, non-weight bearing; PBW, partial weight bearing; FWB, full weight bearing. Chinese Med J. any tips? Partial weight-bearing: the injury can tolerate a small amount of weight. Gradually increase weight bearing from toe-touchdown to partial as tolerated o After 6 weeks, okay to progress to full weight bearing; Walking orthosis adjusted 5° a week until 10° of plantar flexion o After 8 weeks, okay to wear shoes with a heel (i.e. Range •of Motion Progression Symmetrical knee extension should be achieved by post-op … ...
Avantika Naidu, David Brown, Elliot Roth. Background: Body weight support treadmill training protocols in conjunction with other modalities are commonly used to improve poststroke balance and walking function. However, typical body weight support paradigms tend to use consistently stable balance conditions, often with handrail support and or manual assistance. Objective: In this paper, we describe our study protocol, which involved 2 unique body weight support treadmill training paradigms of similar training intensity that integrated dynamic balance challenges to help improve ambulatory function post stroke. The first paradigm emphasized walking without any handrails or manual assistance, that is, hands-free walking, and served as the control group, whereas the second paradigm incorporated practicing 9 essential challenging mobility skills, akin to environmental barriers encountered during community ambulation along with hands-free walking (ie hands-free + challenge walking). Methods: We ...
Methods. Ten patients with end-stage knee osteoarthritis scheduled for total knee arthroplasty were studied at baseline (preoperative), 6-week, 3- and 6-month postoperative. Load distribution and balance were quantified during quiet stance. Furthermore, dynamic loading was quantified during walking gait. Patient satisfaction was assessed using the Knee Osteoarthritis and injury Outcome Score ...
The trendelenburg gait is caused by a unilateral weakness of the hip abductors, mostly the gluteal musculature. This weakness could be due to superior gluteal nerve damage or in 5th lumbar spine lesion. This condition makes it difficult to support the bodys weight on the affected side. During normal gait, both lower limbs bear half of the body weight is some part of stance phase. When one lower limb is lifted in swing phase, the other takes the entire weight. During the stance phase of gait, the pelvis tilts downwards on the weight-bearing extremity and hikes up on the non-weight bearing extremity. But when there is a hip abductor weakness, the pelvis tilts downwards instead of upwards on the non-weight bearing extremity. In an attempt to lessen this effect, the person compensates by lateral tilt of the trunk away from the affected hip, thus center of gravity is mostly on the stance limb causing a reduction of the pelvic drop.  [1] [2] [3][4][5]
TY - JOUR. T1 - Relationships between standing frontal-plane knee alignment and dynamic knee joint loading during walking and jogging in youth who are obese. AU - Briggs, Matthew S.. AU - Bout-Tabaku, Sharon. AU - McNally, Michael P.. AU - Chaudhari, Ajit M.W.. AU - Best, Thomas. AU - Schmitt, Laura C.. PY - 2017/5/1. Y1 - 2017/5/1. N2 - Background. Youth who are obese have high risk of poor knee health and cartilage damage. Understanding factors which may affect knee health in youth who are obese is critical for preservation of knee integrity and function. Objective. This study compared standing frontal-plane knee alignment and knee loading patterns between youth who are obese and those of healthy weight and determine the association between knee alignment and knee loading patterns during walking and jogging. Design. This study used a cross-sectional matched pair design. Methods. Twenty youth who were obese and 20 youth who were healthy-weight (ages 11-18 years) were recruited. ...
GP: When developing methods for the analysis of ADCs our scientists take into account the unique properties of a specific ADC, including the drug-antibody ratio or DAR and drug load distribution.. DAR and drug load distribution are critical product quality attributes. A hydrophobic interaction chromatography or HIC method has been developed to determine the drug load distribution and DAR for a variety of ADCs. This is important, because, in general terms, DAR and drug load distribution determine the drug quantity to which a patient is exposed. In addition, each of these various drug loaded forms may differ in their pharmacokinetic/pharmacodynamic (PK/PD) characteristics.. Another important aspect to consider is that the linker chemistry applied and the cytoxin included in a specific ADC will modify the chemistry of the monoclonal antibody. As a result of changes to the surface of the antibody protein, this modification may result in increased antibody aggregation and/or decreased binding and ...
Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) has an established role in the assessment of degenerative musculoskeletal conditions. However, conventional supine MRI findings often correlate poorly with clinical findings. Some patients experience accentuated back pain in the weight-bearing position. Therefore, supine MRI may underestimate the severity of degenerative spine findings. To try and improve the clinical validity of spine imaging, axial loading devices have been used with conventional supine MR imaging to simulate loading of the upright spine. More recently, upright weight-bearing MRI systems (0.25-0.6 T) were introduced, allowing images to be obtained in the standing or seated weight-bearing position and even during upright flexion or extension, rotation, or bending. Some scanners even enable capturing of real-time spinal movement. This review addresses the technical aspects and potential challenges of weight-bearing MRI, both in clinical practice and research. ...
Accurate knowledge of in vivo anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) forces is instrumental for understanding normal ACL function and improving surgical ACL reconstruction techniques. The objective of this study was to estimate the change in ACL forces under in vivo loading conditions using a noninvasive technique. A combination of magnetic resonance and dual fluoroscopic imaging system was used to determine ACL in vivo elongation during controlled weightbearing at discrete flexion angles, and a robotic testing system was utilized to determine the ACL force-elongation data in vitro. The in vivo ACL elongation data were mapped to the in vitro ACL force-elongation curve to estimate the change in in vivo ACL forces in response to full body weightbearing using a weighted mean statistical method. The data demonstrated that by assuming that there was no tension in the ACL under zero weightbearing, the changes in in vivo ACL force caused by full body weightbearing were ...
Bone is a dynamic tissue that adapts its shape and material properties as a response to changes in mechanical demands. The process by which bone functional adaptation takes places consists of a complex cascade of events, entailing different levels of mechanical and biological regulation, which are still unknown or under debate in the scientific community. Mechanical cues are site-specific factors that play a crucial role in skeletal maintenance and adaptation. The present work is framed within this research area and aims to inspect a hypothetical relationship between organ-level load-induced mechanical cues and the adaptive response of cortical bone. More specifically, this thesis focuses on how loading parameters (such load frequency or the insertion of rest periods between load cycles) alter the mechanical environment in bone tissue (estimated using numerical tools) and, consequently, its adaptive response. Animal in vivo loading models allow for inducing bone functional adaptation in a ...
The effects of regular non-weight-bearing (NWB) exercise on bone health are largely unknown. The objective of the study was to determine the effects of participation in NWB sports on bone health in adult male recreational athletes. Male cyclists (NWB; n = 27) and runners (weight-bearing [WB]; n = 16) aged 20 to 59 years were recruited from the community. Whole-body and regional bone mineral content and bone mineral density (BMD), and body composition were assessed using dual x-ray absorptiometry. Bone formation and resorption markers, and hormones were measured in serum. Bone-loading history was estimated from a sports participation history questionnaire. Nutrient intake and current physical activity were estimated from 7-day written logs. The NWB athletes had significantly lower BMD of the whole body and spine than the WB athletes, despite having similar age, weight, body mass index, body composition, hormonal status, current activity level, and nutrient intakes. Sixty-three percent of NWB ...
The determinants of maximal active muscle force and power production are examined in terms of the crossbridge cycle, sarcomere arrangement, myosin isoforms and the extent of muscle activation. Evidence for neural adaptations to high resistance training is examined and the practical significance of these adaptations is discussed. The responses of skeletal muscle to high-resistance training are discussed in terms of i) the control of protein synthesis, ii) sarcomere remodelling and myofibril assembly, and iii) whole muscle hypertrophy and fibre type shifts. An evidence-based approach is used to examine the dose-response relationship between high-resistance variables (load, number of sets, training, frequency, rest interval) and hypertrophy. Muscle structural and functional adaptations to disuse (bed rest, non-weight bearing, immobilization) are examined, as well as the effects of re-ambulation and re-training. The determinants of muscle range of motion and passive stiffness are discussed. The ...
With a grade 1 ankle sprain, you can begin gentle therapeutic exercise even while there is some swelling and pain (in standing/walking) that remain. These exercises are designed to be very gentle - and it should be noted that they should be pain-free at all times. All of them are non-weight bearing and designed to…
The aim is to mobilise patients as soon as possible after surgery - on the same day or the next day as this helps speed up recovery.. Most patients remain in hospital for three to four days but there is no fixed limit and patients can go home as soon as they can walk safely with elbow crutches non-weight bearing and manage whatever tasks they need to perform at home.. Physiotherapy is an integral part of the recovery process and we have physiotherapists who are specifically trained in the rehabilitation of hip patients. They will guide you through the recovery process and assess that you are safe for discharge.. Recovering from a major hip operation is hard work in the first few weeks. The hip will feel stiff and sore. This is normal and nothing to worry about and it is important to recognise this and the need to get the hip bending despite the discomfort.. Patients should aim to increase the range of movement they can achieve on a daily basis and that the only way to increase the range of ...
Two of the iridoids were found to be novel compounds, 7-p-methoxycinnamoylaucubin (1) and 7-p-methoxycinnamoylcatalposide (2). Body weight-supported treadmill training is no better than overground training for individuals with chronic stroke: a randomized controlled trial. The epsilon factors for present data suggest that the added ions are bound to proteins, and only Mn(II) in serum generic cialis and Fe(III) in blood and serum are accessible to water. These models also show clearly how steric, electrostatic, hydrophobicity, and individual atom affect molecular bioactivity as antagonists of PAF. It provides a new method to detect DNA with high sensitivity (10(-13)M, i.e., 100 fM) and selectivity.. All these evidences call for an anatomical stemmed novel approach to understand specific features of parkinsonism, which might be due to such an involvement of the spinal cord. We show that Shot colocalizes with EB1/APC1 and with a compact microtubule array extending between the muscle-tendon junction ...
Posture is the position in which you hold your body upright against gravity while standing, sitting or lying down. Good posture involves training your body to stand, walk, sit and lie in positions where the least strain is placed on supporting muscles and ligaments during movement or weight-bearing activities. Maintaining good posture involves training your body to move and function where the least strain is placed on the body. Good posture improves the physiologic function of your body, while improving your appearance.. To maintain proper posture, you need to have adequate muscle flexibility and strength, normal joint motion in the spine and other body regions, as well as efficient postural muscles that are balanced on both sides of the spine. In addition, you must recognize your postural habits at home and in the workplace and work to correct them, if necessary. Your posture has a positive or negative influence on the daily activities that you do.. Good posture demonstrates confidence, ...
If you want to build healthy bones, the best thing you can do is make an impact with the ground. In other words, try running, jumping, or walking. These activities create forces that move through your bones and help with the bone remodeling process that adds density.. Jump: If you really want to go high-impact, try jumping. One study showed that premenopausal women who performed 10 to 20 high-impact jumps, with 30 seconds of rest in between each jump, twice a day for four months significantly increased bone density in their hip bones compared to a group of women who did not jump.[1] (As an added bonus, high-impact jumping torches calories.). Walk: If jumping isnt your style, dont underestimate the value of a brisk walk. The Nurses Health Study included data from more than 60,000 postmenopausal women. The women who walked briskly at least four times per week had a lower risk of hip fractures compared to their counterparts who either didnt walk or walked less often or more slowly.[2]. Mixed-Up ...
With aging, our bones tends to decrease in size and they lose density. This causes your bones to weaken which makes them more apt to fracture easily. People tend to become shorter in stature as they age, because of these two changes to the bone tissue. To combat these changes in your bones, include plenty of vitamin D and calcium in your diet. You can build bone density by doing weight-bearing activities such as walking ...
Variables, such as peak and accumulated moments and spine compression forces, have been shown to be risk factors for occupational low back pain. Estimates of these forces during prolonged, dynamic, asymmetric tasks using biomechanical models is complex and time-consuming. A simple technique for continuous measurement of these variables over a prolonged period is needed to measure the distribution of spinal loading during both sagittal plane lifts and complex asymmetrical jobs. The aim of this study was to determine whether a linear normalization of erector spinae EMG to spine compression force, called compression normalized EMG (CNEMG), could be used to estimate spinal loading for simulations of asymmetrical occupational tasks. The estimates of spine compression force obtained using the normalized EMG are presented in the form of an amplitude probability distribution function and are compared with estimates of a three-dimensional biomechanical model. The per cent time a worker spends above ...
People receiving a graft of their own knee cartilage cells may be better off returning to full weight bearing after six weeks instead of the standard eight, a small study suggests. The knee brace is amazing. It actually allowed me to … READ MORE ...
Exercise during growth results in biologically important increases in bone mineral content (BMC). The aim of this study was to determine whether the effects of loading were site specific and depended on the maturational stage of the region. BMC and humeral dimensions were determined using DXA and ma …
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For elastic-perfectly plastic structures under prescribed loading histories, the well-known Melans theorem gives a sufficient condition for shakedown to occur, i.e. for the evolution to become elastic in the large-time limit. The original Melans theorem rests on the assumption that the material properties remain constant in time, independently on the applied loading. This communication addresses the long standing issue of extending Melans theorem to temperature-dependent (or time-dependent) elastic moduli. The main motivation is to extend the range of applications of Melans theorem to thermomechanical loading histories with large temperature fluctuations: In such case, the variation of the elastic properties with the temperature cannot be neglected. Some recent results obtained in perfect plasticity and viscoplasticity are presented and discussed.
Graduates of Aalborg University sports department have conducted a novel analysis approach to estimate the internal loading on the lumbar spine exclusively with input from Xsens MVN Analyze. Motion tracking systems, such as Xsens MVN Analyze, allow the application of full-body motion capture in any working environment with minimal impact from magnetic distortion.
Here at LEVER Running, we are committed to not only making body weight support technology available to all runners, but the science behind i
1. Optimum foot development occurs in the barefoot environment.. 2. The primary role of shoes is to protect the foot from injury and infection.. 3. Stiff and compressive footwear may cause deformity, weakness, and loss of mobility.. 4. The term corrective shoes is a misnomer.. 5. Shock absorption, load distribution, and elevation are valid indications for shoe modifications.. 6. Shoe selection for children should be based on the barefoot model.. 7. Physicians should avoid and discourage the commercialization and media-ization of footwear. Merchandizing of the corrective shoe is harmful to the child, expensive for the family, and a discredit to the medical profession.. ...
The Targus Radius Backpack fits up to a 15 inch Apple notebook and includes a removable padded notebook compartment for maximum protection. The stylish grey and orange two-tone is both fashionable and functional. The contrast of the lining allows accessories to be spotted fast. A front pocket workstation includes special compartments for personal items like your mobile phone and notebook accessories. A special iPod pocket keeps your device safe and is equipped with a custom pull tab for easy access. Pockets in the front workstation are large enough for files and magazines. Both sporty and functional, the Radius Backpack is ideal for professionals looking for convenience, comfort and fashion. Dimensions - 13.25 x 3.75 x 16.37 inches Weight - 2.76 pounds. Search for Targus Radius Backpack, Fits Up To 15′ Screens Ads Immediately. Free shipping and returns on Targus Radius Backpack, Fits Up To 15′ Screens Online Wholesale for you purchase it today! Find more Low Price and More Promotion for ...
Our height-adjustable swiveling mounts, either as spring arm or motor arm, have a load-bearing capacity of up to 250 kg. Depending on the model, they can be positioned safely with electromagnetic or pneumatic brakes. Version XL allows high load-bearing capacities, even for long extension lengths. ...
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Sloane refuses to go to school without her Sprout backpack. I decided her words would really be the best, since shes the one who wears it, so here is an interview I did with her about her backpack:. Erin: Hey Sloane, do you like your backpack?. Sloane: Yes.. E: What is your favorite thing about it?. S: That it holds a lot of stuff. It holds clothes, hats, and pants, and shirt, and a sweatshirt, and socks, and a bow, and school stuff.. E: How does it feel when youre wearing it?. S: It feels great. It feels smooth on my back, and peaceful. The chest clip makes it feel like it holds you. Its more secure-thats what I mean.. E: Is it ever too heavy?. S: No.. E: What do you think about the color?. S: I like the color, but I want a little pink. They cant make pink, but I love this backpack more than other backpacks, and Im never giving it away.. E: What do you think about the dragonfly zipper pulls?. S: Theyre great, and I like them. No one else has them on their backpacks.. E: How is the size? ...
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The HD Cushyfloat has excellent performance characteristics with Up to 10mm linear vertical deflection, with low horizontal stiffnesses. This enables improved vibration isolation - even at the low end of the engine speed range. Vertical and lateral buffering within the design limits the movement of the engine in tough service conditions. The HD Cushyfloat provides simplicity for engine manufacturers and end-users with: An interchangeable footprint with existing mountings; minimizing retrofit installation issues. The entire range can be formulated from just three rubber mixes; therefore reducing inventory requirements and the complexity of product selection. Installation is aided by sighting grooves so that it is easy to align the engine and ensure the correct load distribution. More cost-effective product life and serviceability due to its modular design. Upon refurbishment, the outer casting can be re-used. ...
The balancer supports stickyness. When a request is proxied to some back-end, then all following requests from the same user should be proxied to the same back-end. Many load balancers implement this feature via a table that maps client IP addresses to back-ends. This approach is transparent to clients and back-ends, but suffers from some problems: unequal load distribution if clients are themselves hidden behind proxies, stickyness errors when a client uses a dynamic IP address that changes during a session and loss of stickyness, if the mapping table overflows.. The module ...
The balancer supports stickyness. When a request is proxied to some back-end, then all following requests from the same user should be proxied to the same back-end. Many load balancers implement this feature via a table that maps client IP addresses to back-ends. This approach is transparent to clients and back-ends, but suffers from some problems: unequal load distribution if clients are themselves hidden behind proxies, stickyness errors when a client uses a dynamic IP address that changes during a session and loss of stickyness, if the mapping table overflows.. The module ...
Demonstration of the ability to automatically determine DAR values corresponding to the drug load distribution of cysteine-conjugated ADCs using Empower 3 Chromatography Data Software.
CWI Medical carries Crutches such as the Heavy Duty Steel Crutches by Mabis DMI. Our steel crutches provides added safety and durability. Each crutch is manufactured with steel to ensure additional strength on weight-bearing areas
Buy the Magnetic Reference Lab 233-673-382-100 1/4 4-Frequency Calibration Tape (1 kHz, 10 kHz, 16 kHz, 100 Hz - 250 nWb/m) at Full Compass. These minimalist four-frequency Calibration Tapes contain a 1 kHz signal for setting level, a 10 kHz signal for setting azimuth and high-frequency equalization, a 16 kHz signal for checking high-fre
New health strategies are possible from the first study to report the relative effects of weight-bearing and non-weight-bearing exercises on bone heal
In adulthood I had sudden vision loss in one eye for 3 months. My respiratory drive failed further following a 7 month respiratory infection aged 46 and one of my legs began collapsing upon load bearing. The respiratory drive failed further again with chemo and operations for breast cancer. Also during chemo I had extreme autonomic dysfunction which was ascertained as pre-existing and exacerbated by the chemo. Following chemo I went on to ASV ventilation for a failed respiratory drive, developed sleep fragmentation and associated hypersomnia, then sensory neuropathy with more of the nerve-muscle signalling challenges upon load bearing. Within the next two years came sudden onset binocular diplopia, severe muscle stiffness and spasms, urinary dysfunction and foot drop. These appeared to be regulation and signalling issues. I was tested for LO-CCHS, Sjorgrens, Lupus, Myesthenia Gravis and MS - all negative. Neurological testing found soft signs (positive for Rombergs, Dysdiadochokinesia). ...
AskMayoExpert..he.ndian club, and has recently made a comeback in the form of isometric ab exercises the club bell. Simon. health issues such as chronic soreness and general lethargy, illness or even acute trauma such as avulsion fractures . Weight-bearing exercise also helps to prevent osteoporosis and to improve bone strength in those with osteoporosis. 11 The benefits crunches and leg squats. Stronger muscles improve posture, provide better support for can be used to assist the arm that is being trained. It.s widely accepted that strength training must be often use isolation exercises to visually separate their muscles, and to improve muscular symmetry . However failure to properly hydrate can put an increased strain on the kidneys ability to function. 45 46 An adequate supply of carbohydrates 5-7 g per kg is also needed as a source of energy and for the body to overall health and fitness for everyone. Although aerobic exercise has been proven to have an effect on the dietary intake of macro ...
What is osteoporosis? Osteoporosis is a disease that causes bones to become weak and brittle. This increases your risk of broken bones (fractures). Osteoporosis is a silent disease because you may not have symptoms. You may not even know you have the disease until you break a bone. Breaks can occur in any bone but happen most often in: Hip bones. Vertebrae in the spine. Wrist. You can take steps to help prevent osteoporosis and broken bones by: Doing weight-bearing exercises, such as walking or dancing, and lifting weights. Not drinking too much alcohol. Quitting smoking, or not starting ...
What is osteoporosis? Osteoporosis is a disease that causes bones to become weak and brittle. This increases your risk of broken bones (fractures). Osteoporosis is a silent disease because you may not have symptoms. You may not even know you have the disease until you break a bone. Breaks can occur in any bone but happen most often in: Hip bones. Vertebrae in the spine. Wrist. You can take steps to help prevent osteoporosis and broken bones by: Doing weight-bearing exercises, such as walking or dancing, and lifting weights. Not drinking too much alcohol. Quitting smoking, or not starting ...
Journal articles Flake, Kathleen (October 1989). "Bearing the weight". Sunstone. 13 (5). OCLC 367219902. -- (April 1991). " ...
2000) ISBN 99929-74-01-X Tsakhia, Elbegdorj (2000). The Years of Bearing Weight. Ulaanbaatar: Hiimori. Tsakhia, Elbegdorj (21 ... Elbegdorj was born into a nomadic herding family in Zereg sum, Khovd province, on 30 March 1963. He was the youngest of eight ... After their marriage in Ulaanbaatar, their first son was born in Lviv, Ukraine. They helped over 300 orphans through their ... Ariuka (1 November 2012). "Not to make many Customs Baatar be born". shuurhai.mn (in Mongolian). Retrieved 21 June 2013. " ...
"Bearing the weight of failure". Albuquerque Journal. June 4, 2013. Retrieved 11 June 2013. Brunt, Charles D. "NMMI regents cut ...
Briley, John L. (July 27, 2004). "Bone Health: A Weight-Bearing Argument". The Washington Post. Retrieved December 12, 2008. ... they are an example of a weight-bearing form of exercise. They can be self-powered by user-generated motion or need to be ... Cross-training ElliptiGO StreetStrider Treadle bicycle Weight training Wallack, Roy (April 27, 2013). "The latest in popular ... and ensures that their weight is distributed between the heels and the balls of the feet. The user grips the handrails in a ...
They may have been weight-bearing. Like all modern tetrapods, it had rib bones, a mobile neck with a separate pectoral girdle, ... The megasporangium bears an unopened distal extension protruding above the multilobed integument. It is suspected that the ...
Lee, Michael, Bearing the Weight of Salvation. The Soteriology of Ignacio Ellacuría, New York: Herder Book, The Crossroad ...
Immediate weight bearing is allowed and safe. Instability issue is specifically addressed to prevent recurrence. Function ...
It is a non-weight bearing joint. The alar ligaments, together with the apical ligaments, are attached from the sloping upper ...
A weight bearing shroud is another option. Natural burial grounds employ a variety of methods of memorialization. Families that ... with the exception of bears, which are not an issue in Texas). Countryside was incorporated as a cemetery in 1991 but several ...
The patient is able to fully weight bear on the Ilizarov frame, using crutches initially and pain is lessened. Once healing is ... while allowing for the movement of the entire limb and partial weight-bearing. Middle rings (and tensioned wires) act to hold ... This allows early weightbearing. The apparatus is based on the principle which Ilizarov called "the theory of tensions". ... However, the critical load bearing rings are the top and bottom rings which transfer the force from the healthy bone down to ...
Weight. 194 lb (88 kg; 13 st 12 lb). Position. Defence. Shot. Right. ... Robert John Murray (born July 16, 1948 in Peterborough, Ontario and raised in Burlington, Ontario) is a former professional ice ... For the former Blackhawks player and current Anaheim Ducks general manager, see Bob Murray (ice hockey, born 1954). For other ... Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Bob_Murray_(ice_hockey,_born_1948)&oldid=799933709" ...
Weight:. 195 lb (88 kg). Career information. High school:. Arlington (TX) Sam Houston. ... Mark Jermaine Clayton (born July 2, 1982) is a former American football wide receiver who played professionally in the National ... For the Dolphins and Packers wide receiver, see Mark Clayton (American football, born 1961). ... Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Mark_Clayton_(American_football,_born_1982)&oldid=817950358" ...
Weight 40-yard dash 10-yard split 20-yard split 20-yard shuttle Three-cone drill Vertical jump Broad jump ... "Bears place Miller on injured reserve". ChicagoBears.com. August 15, 2014.. *^ Mayer, Larry (February 28, 2015). "Bears ink ... "Chicago Bears. Retrieved November 11, 2015.. *^ Gaines, Cork (November 9, 2015). "Chicago Bears tight end makes the catch of ... Chicago Bears[edit]. On December 30, 2013, Miller was signed by the Chicago Bears to a reserve/future contract.[13] During the ...
Weight. 180 lb (82 kg; 12 st 12 lb). Position. Centre/Left Wing. ... For the player born 1984, see Derek Smith (ice hockey, born ... Smith was born in Quebec City, Quebec. Smith played his junior hockey for the Ottawa 67's and scored an impressive 52 goals in ... Smith also scored nearly a point a game for the Bears in 1976-1977. This is also the year when he got his first taste of NHL ... Derek Robert Smith (born July 31, 1954) is a former Buffalo Sabres player who was drafted by the Sabres in 1974. He amassed 78 ...
He developed the ability to scrum very low, and to manipulate his weight positioning, in order to drive the loosehead's head ... Adam Rhys Jones (born 8 March 1981) is a Welsh former professional rugby union player. ... Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Adam_Jones_(rugby_union,_born_1981)&oldid=875083982" ... "Hair Bears", because of their recognisable hairdos. ... Adam Jones (rugby union, born 1981). From Wikipedia, the free ...
Treatment involves non-weight-bearing movement and surgery. If not identified early, osteonecrosis or death of the head of the ... It is often associated with night sweating, easy bruising, weight loss, and pain most prominent at night. The diagnosis of the ... Juvenile rheumatoid arthritis presents gradually with early morning stiffness, fatigue, and weight loss. Legg-Calvé-Perthes ...
... weight bearing CBCT is gaining momentum due to its ability to combine 3 dimensional and weight bearing information which are of ... One advantage of orthopedic CBCT is the ability to take weight bearing images of the lower extremities. In the realm of the ... The preferred term used for CBCT in the lower limb is thus WBCT for Weight Bearing CT following the first scientific ... Tuominen, Esa K. J.; Kankare, Jussi; Koskinen, Seppo K.; Mattila, Kimmo T. (2013-01-01). "Weight-Bearing CT Imaging of the ...
Cooper, Josh (10 January 2014). "Predators' Pekka Rinne can begin weight-bearing exercises". USA Today. Retrieved 7 February ... He also holds the record for the most NHL wins by a Finland-born goaltender. Rinne is one of only 12 NHL goaltenders to score a ... Louis Blues 2-0; the shutout was the 45th of Rinne's career, making him the NHL's all-time leader amongst Finnish-born ... Paulus Oliver Rinne was born on December 4, 2020, in Nashville to Rinne and his partner Erika Parkko. "Assault steeled ...
Pathologic fractures due to weight bearing may develop. Most of the time, the only alleged symptom is chronic fatigue, while ...
... especially weight-bearing and resistance exercises are most effective for building bone. Weight-bearing exercise includes ... low body weight. a parent with a hip fracture. individuals with vertebral abnormalities. individuals receiving, or planning to ... Resistance exercise is often accomplished through lifting weights. Other therapies, such as estrogens (e.g., estradiol, ...
Heidi Waleson (June 24, 2013). "A Heavy Weight to Bear". The Wall Street Journal. "Terence Blanchard Turns A Tragic Champion ...
7140 Transition and Floating Mat Bogs". Floating mats are not always capable of bearing weight. There is a risk of drowning ...
Weight bearing exercise can increase peak bone mass achieved in adolescence, and a highly significant correlation between bone ... Weight-bearing endurance exercise and/or exercises to strengthen muscles improve bone strength in those with osteoporosis. ... Aerobics, weight bearing, and resistance exercises all maintain or increase BMD in postmenopausal women. Fall prevention can ... Bicycling and swimming are not considered weight-bearing exercise. Neither contribute to slowing bone loss with age, and ...
Frogs and wombles are rhetorical touchstones bearing considerable weight. The fundamental game mechanics of the MUD are based ...
In the foot there were three weight-bearing toes. The first toe did not reach the ground nor did the first metatarsal touch the ...
It is a good indication of weight-bearing pain. Coxalgia Leg cramps Legg-Calvé-Perthes disease (LCPD) Osteoarthritis Pelvic ...
"Bearing Flowers and the Weight of a Terrible Mystery". UPI. Retrieved October 18, 2019. "Victims of Mass Killer are Buried by ... James Oliver Huberty (October 11, 1942 - July 18, 1984) was born in Canton, Ohio, the second of two children born to Earl ... This memorial consists of 21 hexagonal white marble pillars ranging in height from one to six feet, each bearing the name of ... According to eyewitnesses, he drove first toward a Big Bear supermarket and then toward a U.S. Post Office branch, before ...
"Becker pulls his weight for Bears". The Michigan Daily. November 3, 1983. p. 8 - via Bentley Historical Library. 1983 Football ... Chicago Bears 1984-86, Denver Broncos 1987-88) Eric Kattus (Cincinnati Bengals 1986-91, New York Jets 1992) Bob Perryman (New ... Chicago Bears 1987-1993, Indianapolis Colts 1994-1997, Baltimore Ravens 1998, San Diego Chargers 1999-2000, Carolina Panthers ... England Patriots 1987-90, Denver Broncos 1991-92) Garland Rivers (Chicago Bears 1987, Albany Firebirds 1990-91, Arizona ...
It typically offers support that assists weight-bearing and balance. The accessories or product parts that attach to the ... have bands that encircle the forearms and handles for the patient to hold and rest their hands on to support the body weight. ...
Body weight-supported treadmill training improves the ability of the lumbosacral spinal cord to generate weight-bearing ... Weight-bearing hindlimb stepping in treadmill-exercised adult spinal cats. Brain Research. 514:206-218 Zehret al,2003 Neural ... Dietz and colleagues reported that after several weeks of treadmill training, the levels of weight bearing that can be imposed ... the level of improvement has not reached a level that allows complete independence from assistance during full weight-bearing. ...
... due to the relative weight that these countries had in the EU until the EU expansion by the inclusion of 10 new Eastern ... Right to keep and bear arms. *Right to life. *Right to petition ...
Weight divisions[edit]. Cage Rage had six weight classes: Weight class name Upper limit ... Rob "The Bear" Broughton. *Dan "The Beast" Severn. *Chris Brennan. *Rodney "The Silent Assassin" Glunder ...
The hypocarnivorous American black bear (Ursus americanus) vs. the hypercarnivorous polar bear (Ursus maritimus)[34] ... Little, TJ; Horowitz, M; Feinle-Bisset, C. "Role of cholecystokinin in appetite control and body weight regulation". Obesity ... Since plants and meat are digested differently, there is a preference for one over the other, as in bears where some species ... "FitWatch - Free Online Calorie Counter & Diet Tracker / Weight Loss Tools and Calculators." FitWatch RSS. N.p., n.d. Web. 13 ...
Victor Summerhayes and Charles Elton's 1923 food web of Bear Island (Arrows point to an organism being consumed by another ... The trophic pyramid roughly represents the biomass (usually measured as total dry-weight) at each level. Plants generally have ... Summerhayes, VS; Elton, CS (1923). "Contributions to the Ecology of Spitsbergen and Bear Island". Journal of Ecology. 11: 214- ... a polar bear or a human), will be supported by a much larger number of separate producers. There is usually a maximum of four ...
Young are born dark brown with white stripes and spots along their upper torso.[citation needed] ... Weight 75-100 cm 45-55 cm 6-7.5 cm 9-14 kg ...
Burial continues and the weight of overlying sediments cause an increase in temperature and pressure. This increase in ... This process can also encourage the process of oxidation on a variety of iron bearing minerals. ... by weight of the total sedimentary rock mass.[3] In terms or origin and depositional mechanisms they are very similar to ...
The variety is of medium size with an adult weight of 3-4 kg (6.6-8.8 lb). The body of the doe is relatively elongated with a ... Although many rabbits of unknown heritage may resemble a Gotland rabbit, only rabbits born after parents registered by ... There is no weight difference between the genders. The ears are of medium length and relatively thin, pointed rather than ...
Proctor's extensive research led him to conclude that Mayow was born in 1641 near Morval in Cornwall and that he was admitted ... Mayow perceived the part "spiritus nitro-aereus" plays in combustion and in increasing the weight of the calces (oxides) of ... Mayow noted, as had others before him, that some materials gain weight on strong heating. Antoine Lavoisier (1743-1794) and ... undergoes an increase of weight which can be attributed to nothing else but these particles. Mayow argued that the same ...
In June 2004, Saint Barnabas Medical Center delivered a 23-week-old twin boy with weight of 320 grams. The boy was hospitalized ... In 1997, the world's first baby was born as a result of cytoplasmic transfer performed by The Institute for Reproductive ... 2007 World's first genetically altered babies born, CNN, May 5, 2001 - accessed July 11, 2009 Smallest Baby to Survive in New ...
Because the half-life of fluorine-18 is about two hours, the prepared dose of a radiopharmaceutical bearing this radionuclide ... for a 70 kg person-dose is likely to be higher for higher body weights).[31] ...
Many bear pictographic inscriptions generally thought to be a form of writing or script.[citation needed] Despite the efforts ... The weights and measures of the Indus Valley Civilisation, on the other hand, were highly standardized, and conform to a set ...
Calves are born with shaggy, fawn-coloured fur. Males are darker than females.[15] They have bushy and dark-tipped manes that, ... The black wildebeest is typically 170-220 cm (67-87 in) in head-and-body length, and the typical weight is 110-180 kg (240-400 ... The gestational period lasts for about 8.5 months, after which a single calf is born. Females in labour do not move away from ... A single calf is usually born after a gestational period of about 8.5 months. The calf remains with its mother until her next ...
Approximately 160 babies were born with birth defects due to maternal use of isotretinoin during pregnancy.[186][187] ... or low birth weight.[152] Similarly, in studies examining the effects of topical retinoids during pregnancy, fetal harm has not ...
Born. (1934-04-06)6 April 1934. Utrecht, the Netherlands[1]. Died. 27 August 2010(2010-08-27) (aged 76)[2]. Utrecht, the ... Although Japan dominated three of the four weight divisions (light, middle and heavy), Anton Geesink won the final of the open ... Geesink was born and raised in Utrecht. His family was poor and he started work as a builder aged 12. He died in 2010 aged 76 ... weight division, defeating Akio Kaminaga in front of his home crowd.[6][7] ...
Around a quarter of babies are born low birth weight. As per the findings of Nepal Demographic and Health Survey (NDHS, 2011), ... Major causes of PEM in Nepal is low birth weight of below 2.5 kg, due to poor maternal nutrition, inadequate dietary intake, ... women of child bearing age, pregnant women, and all ages through the control of general malnutrition and the prevention and ...
Fernando Møhge (born 1843) - Karen Berg - A 100-year-old lady (really just 90) that's the town original. Despite having no ... He is saved by the intervention of Elisabeth Friis and the doctor who carries a lot of weight within the resistance movement. ... Misse Møhge (born 1869) - Karin Nellemose - The chaste, spinster daughter of Mrs. Fernando Møhge. Is tyrannized by her mother ... Kristen (Andersen)-Skjern - (4:24) Jesper Langberg - (born c.1899). He is the younger brother of Mads Skjern and Anna Skjern. ...
... considered revoking the airport's permission to bear the former chancellor's name. This is due to concerns that an ongoing ... Borkheide and Schönefeld South was carried out according to 5 criteria with different weighting. Each site was advocated by ...
The foot had five toes, but only the middle three (digits II, III, and IV) bore weight. The outer toes (I and V) were small; ... Adults had skulls up to 56 cm (22 in) long and were up to 6 metres (20 ft) in total length[4] and 350 kg (770 lb) in weight.[8] ...
And it will help that the proposal carries the weight of being lifted straight from the Oxford Uni guide. MapReader (talk) 22: ... I'd agree with EEng in saying in the lead "John Jones was an American businessman born and raised in Boise, Idaho" would be ... For a bio, the lead might say, "John Jones was an American businessman born and raised in Boise, Idaho" (reader can infer these ...
... but not with a decrease in low birth weight.[70][71] A 2016 Cochrane review found that since the previous version of that ... by banning the sale of all tobacco products to anyone born in and after the year 2000.[56][57] ...
Conifer is a Latin word, a compound of conus (cone) and ferre (to bear), meaning "the one that bears (a) cone(s)". ... On this basis, one needle produced food for about 0.19 mg dry weight of apical growth, 3 mm3 wood, one-quarter of a new needle ... They are gymnosperms, cone-bearing seed plants. All extant conifers are perennial woody plants with secondary growth. The great ... In 1961, needles as old as 13 years remained on the tree.The ash weight of needles increased progressively with age from about ...
Borrelia recurrentis (Louse borne relapsing fever). *Borrelia hermsii/Borrelia duttoni/Borrelia parkeri (Tick borne relapsing ... Effective January 2008, the CDC gives equal weight to laboratory evidence from 1) a positive culture for B. burgdorferi; 2) two ... Tick-borne coinfections[edit]. Main article: Tick-borne disease. Ticks that transmit B. burgdorferi to humans can also carry ... "Tick-borne diseases. Companion Vector-Borne Diseases. Archived from the original on 7 June 2019. Retrieved 21 May 2019.. ...
Born. Traditionally 15 March 270[1]. Patara, Roman Empire. Died. Traditionally 6 December 343(343-12-06) (aged 73). Myra, ... When they arrived later in the capital, they made a surprising find: the weight of the load had not changed, although the wheat ... Nicholas was born around 270 AD in Patara on the coast of what is now western Turkey; his parents were Epiphanius and Joanna.. ... He is said to have been born in the Greek seaport of Patara, Lycia in Asia Minor to wealthy Christian parents.[9] In one of the ...
The weight distribution gave dynamic centre of gravity movements that messed up the traction. ... saying that the BT55's design had no bearing on the car and that it was actually a development of its predecessor, the Nichols ...
Bear & Company. pp. 392. ISBN 978-1-59143-061-2. .. *^ Firestone RB, West A, Kennett JP, et al. (October 2007). "Evidence for ... Some researchers suggest that by 2050 there could be more plastic than fish in the oceans by weight,[187] with about 8,800,000 ...
Pea seed-borne mosaic virus Product[edit]. Processing[edit]. A combination of gravity, screens and air flow is used to clean ... of the total seed weight, which is lower than most legumes.[12] Lentil flour can be produced by milling the seeds, like cereals ... The rachis bears 10 to 15 leaflets in five to eight pairs. The leaves are alternate, of oblong-linear and obtuse shape and from ... the same weight of cooked lentils provides 116 calories. Raw lentils are 8% water, 63% carbohydrates including 11% dietary ...
Hamson DK, Wainwright SR, Taylor JR, Jones BA, Watson NV, Galea LA (2013). "Androgens increase survival of adult-born neurons ... 5α-Dihydrotestosterone (DHT) was 2.4 times more potent than testosterone at maintaining normal prostate weight and duct lumen ...
The two men were both familiar with the harsh climate and knew that bears and wolves, made aggressive by mating season, lived ... of nitrogen and oxygen sufficient to replenish the atmosphere after EVA could not be carried due to the spacecraft's weight ...
The low investment, the high value per unit weight of gold, and the ability of gold dust and gold nuggets to serve as a medium ... The surface outcrop of a gold-bearing vein may be oxidized, so that the gold occurs as native gold, and the ore needs only to ... Once it is clear that the volume of gold-bearing sediment is larger than a few cubic metres, the placer miners will build ...
This article may lend undue weight to certain ideas, incidents, or controversies. Please help improve it by rewriting it in a ... Then, as the patient relaxes and bears down (as if having a bowel movement), the physician slips a lubricated finger into the ...
Touch-down weight-bearing or Toe-touch weight-bearing: The foot or toes may touch the floor (such as to maintain balance), but ... Partial weight-bearing: A small amount of weight may be supported by the affected leg.[1] The weight may be gradually increased ... Non-weight-bearing (NWB): The leg must not touch the floor and is not permitted to support any weight at all.[1] The patient ... Weight-bearing as tolerated: Usually assigned to people that can support from 50 to 100% of the body weight on the affected leg ...
Weight lifting, resistance training is part of the answer. VOAs Carol Pearson reports on a study about men and bone health at ... Weight lifting, resistance training is part of the answer. VOAs Carol Pearson reports on a study about men and bone health at ...
The key here is weight bearing exercise - which means exercise one performs while on their feet that works the bones and ...
Care guide for Non Weight Bearing Activity. Includes: possible causes, signs and symptoms, standard treatment options and means ... What is non weight bearing activity?. Non weight bearing (NWB) activity is exercise or motion you can do without supporting ... Do not lift heavy weights unless you can handle the weight easily. You may need to work up to using heavy weights. Talk to your ... Learn more about Non Weight Bearing Activity. IBM Watson Micromedex. *Pulmonary Hygiene After Spinal Cord Injury ...
Time to start of weight-bearing in boot [ Time Frame: 0-3 Weeks ]. The time needed for a study subject to begin bearing weight ... Time to start of weight-bearing in boot [ Time Frame: 0-3 Weeks ]. The time needed for a study subject to begin bearing weight ... Subject can begin protected bearing weight in a CAM boot as early as the day of surgery. Subject will return to weight-bearing ... Time to start of weight-bearing in shoes [ Time Frame: 0-12 Weeks ]. The time needed for a study subject to begin bearing ...
Care guide for Non Weight Bearing Activity (Discharge Care). Includes: possible causes, signs and symptoms, standard treatment ... Non weight bearing (NWB) activity is exercise or motion you can do without supporting your own weight. For example, your weight ... Learn more about Non Weight Bearing Activity (Discharge Care). Micromedex® Care Notes. *Non Weight Bearing Activity ... Do not lift heavy weights unless you can handle the weight easily. You may need to work up to using heavy weights. Talk to your ...
Researchers from the University of Missouri-Columbia have found that certain weight-bearing exercise can reduce osteoporosis ... Weight-bearing exercise reduces risk of osteoporosis in men, study finds. Resistance and jump training were both shown to ... In a recent study, they found that weight-bearing exercises decreased a harmful protein made in bones and increased a hormone ... Hinton explains that these outcomes bode well for weight-bearing exercise as a preventative measure to osteoporosis. "When ...
Feeling the weight borne by Ferguson grand jury members As the nation waits for the grand jurys decision in the police ... One can only imagine the weight of responsibility now being felt by grand jurors in Ferguson, Missouri. ...
More Low Birth Weight Babies Being Born In The US. by Sam Savage ... babies born at full-term between 1990 and 2005. Birth weight""a ... In contrast to previous research findings, birth weights plummeted even further in infants born to a subset of women considered ... Higher birth weights have been attributed in part to womens increasing age and weight and decreased smoking. ... "Theres still a lot we dont know about the causes of low birth weight," says Oken. "More research needs to be done." ...
... met with the Bears Monday, and afterward said it was ``doubtful`` that the Bears` No. 1 ... Perry and the Bears appear to be frozen.Perry`s agent, Jim Steiner, ... Perry`s celebrated weight is reportedly in the 320-pound range, although the Bears aren`t releasing the exact figure. ... Perry`s agent, Jim Steiner, met with the Bears Monday, and afterward said it was ``doubtful`` that the Bears` No. 1 choice ...
Brostrum Gould Non Weight Bearing Rehabilitation A quick update should anyone else knock their foot while non weight bearing. I ... I am now in an aircast fully weight bearing, but taking it easy. ... Thread: Brostrum Gould Non Weight Bearing Rehabilitation View ...
Bear The Weight lyrics by 5man: It was in our hands and all we had to do was give it life. / But betrayed plans cut us right ... 5man - Bear The Weight lyrics. It was in our hands and all we had to do was give it life.. But betrayed plans cut us right back ... Its about time to get things straight or bear the weight of living in denial.. Its a crying shame and its yours and mine.. ... Lyrics taken from http://www.lyricsmode.com/lyrics/0-9/5man/bear_the_weight.html ...
IT Applications for Weight-Bearing. Esaote dedicates to Radiology the newest RIS PACS healthcare IT software system: ... Weight-Bearing. Since 1993, Esaote has broadened its product offering, gaining recognition from industry as a pioneer and ... enabling clinicians to conduct weight-bearing MR studies to view anatomy in positions more typical of daily activities than ...
Investigate the optimal timing for weight bearing after Hallux Valgus surgery. Hypothesis: Early weight bearing does not affect ... Timing of Weight Bearing After Hallux Valgus Surgery. The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of ... Early weight bearing (at 2 weeks post-op) does not affect outcome after the Endoscopic Distal Soft Tissue Procedure for Hallux ... Follow existing rehabilitation protocol of Non-weight bearing walking for 6 weeks followed by heel walking for 6 weeks; then ...
The toll of carrying all that excess weight affects your joints, and your knees can take a pounding. ... Knees bearing the weight of obesity. Obesity isnt just about waistlines or clothing sizes. The toll of carrying all that ... i cant blame doctors for my weight. i can only blame myself. losing weight isnt as easy as gaining it, but there are options ... Well I can say from experience that losing the weight did nothing for me and was told that my knee problem wasnt even weight ...
My almost eight month old is not interesting in standing or bearing weight. If we try to help her, she just fusses. Doc doesnt ... Have any of you used walkers to get your baby used to bearing weight? She has a jumper but doesnt reall bounce. I know people ... My almost eight month old is not interesting in standing or bearing weight. If we try to help her, she just fusses. Doc doesnt ... No crawling yet (I suspect because she doesnt have the leg strength yet from bearing weight) ...
There are many non-weight bearing exercises that do not stress those joints and can help in weight loss in obese individuals. ... Biking is a non-weight bearing exercise because a seat is supporting your weight. There are two kinds of stationary bikes - ... Non-Weight Bearing Exercises for a Morbidly Obese Person by AILEENE PALM Sept. 11, 2017. ... Any activity done in the water is non-weight bearing because the water makes you more buoyant. Swimming laps in a pool, pond or ...
Extremely Low Birth Weight. Children born in the 1990s weighing less than 2.2 lbs. are at significantly increased risk of ... "In the United States in 2002, there were 22,845 live births with a birth weight of 500 to 999 g [1.1 to 2.2 lbs.], of whom ... Advances in perinatal care in the 1990s resulted in dramatic increases in the survival of extremely low-birth-weight (ELBW, ... The study included 219 ELBW children and 176 normal-birth-weight (NBW) controls of similar sociodemographic status. The ...
This popular weight-bearing exercise combines breathing, called mindful breathing, and poses, sometimes called postures. About ...
... weight-bearing explanation free. What is weight-bearing? Meaning of weight-bearing medical term. What does weight-bearing mean? ... Looking for online definition of weight-bearing in the Medical Dictionary? ... weight-bearing. adjective Referring to the ability of a part of the body to resist or support weight.. weight-bearing. effects ... weight-bearing. Also found in: Wikipedia. weight-bearing. adjective Referring to the ability of a part of the body to resist or ...
The bearings came stock with the wheel is the 6001RS, which only has seal on one side, and there is this bearing 6001 2RS, ... TBH, if it came with single seals, and the bearings have lasted long enough, why not get more of the same?. 6001 bearings are ( ... If it will be noticeable is dependent on how good the wheels are anyway! (How concentric the bearing seats are, how straight ...
Corrections: Osteoarthritis of weight bearing joints of lower limbs in former elite male athletes BMJ 1994; 308 :819 ... Corrections: Osteoarthritis of weight bearing joints of lower limbs in former elite male athletes ... Corrections: Osteoarthritis of weight bearing joints of lower limbs in former elite male athletes ... Corrections: Osteoarthritis of weight bearing joints of lower limbs in former elite male athletes. BMJ 1994; 308 doi: https:// ...
These are non weight bearing 5x6 x 24 and extend 18 under the roof line. The Stucco wall holding the beam ends need a lot of ... These are non weight bearing 5x6 x 24 and extend 18" under the roof line. The Stucco wall holding the beam ends need a lot of ... Replacing exterior exposed non weight bearing beams in entryway Help -- Our entryway here in California has beams extending ... Home>Discussions>EXTERIORS>Replacing exterior exposed non weight bearing beams in entryway ...
In this grade, 0% of the body weight may be rested on the leg. Touch-down weight-bearing or Toe-touch weight-bearing: The foot ... Partial weight-bearing: A small amount of weight may be supported by the affected leg. The weight may be gradually increased up ... of body weight. Non-weight-bearing (NWB): The leg must not touch the floor and is not permitted to support any weight at all. ... In orthopedics, weight-bearing is the amount of weight a patient puts on an injured body part. Generally, it refers to a leg, ...
Headset bearing question Last post by Valbrona « Tue Aug 14, 2018 4:16 am Posted in Road ... Maybe scratch the bearing seat a little, but shouldnt be a problem. Would you consider contacting your local Cannondale ... Low profile upper headset bearing compression ring Last post by JerryLook « Fri Aug 24, 2018 2:21 pm Posted in Road ... Wow, never seen a headset bearing broken like that before. And you have two of them! In my opinion, the risk of continuing ...
When the Bears traded for Brandon Marshall, Chicago thought their receiver troubles were over. Finally, they had the no. 1 ... Bears Receivers Not Named Brandon Marshall Not Pulling Their Weight. By Maggie Hendricks. Published Dec 11, 2012 at 8:20 AM. ... When the Bears traded for Brandon Marshall, Chicago thought their receiver troubles were over. Finally, they had the No. 1 ... Marshall is already breaking records as a Bears receiver. With three games left to go, he has 1,342 yards and 101 catches. He ...
Read or print original Bear The Weight lyrics 2018 updated! It was in our hands and all we had to do was give it life. / But ... Bear The Weight Lyrics. Lyrics ► Artists: 0-9 ► 5man ► Bear The Weight ... Its about time to get things straight or bear the weight of living in denial.. Its a crying shame and its yours and mine.. ... Its about time to get things straight or bear the weight of living in denial.. Its a crying shame and its yours and mine.. ...
A year prior to his death, zookeepers estimated his weight was close... ... a Kodiak brown bear, weighed 2,130 pounds at the time of his death in 1987 at the Dakota Zoo in Bismarck, N.D. He was 22. ... Which bear is the meanest?. A: According to the experts at bioexpedition.com, the Malayan sun bear is the meanest of all bears ... What should you do when you see a bear?. A: Practice bear safety by avoiding bears, staying calm, not running and being "human ...
An innovative weight-bearing system (SmartStep™) was utilized to measure the weight bearing values. Asymptomatic subjects (N=24 ... In order for the physician to be able to advise regarding weight-bearing on this device, the average percentage weight-bearing ... Summary: The investigation of average percentage weight-bearing values and weight-bearing distribution patterns during changing ... Referent Weight-Bearing Parameters on an Elliptical Trainer. Yonatan Kaplan, PhD, MSc(Med), BSc(Physio), ISRAEL ...
Home , Summer 2011 - Volume 23 - Issue 2 , Commentary on "Effect of Weight-Bearing in Abduction and Ext... ... Commentary on "Effect of Weight-Bearing in Abduction and Extension on Hip Stability in Children With Cerebral Palsy". Senesac, ... Commentary on "Effect of Weight-Bearing in Abduction and Extension on Hip Stability in Children With Cerebral Palsy" ... Effect of Weight-Bearing in Abduction and Extension on Hip Stability in... ...
  • In a recent study, they found that weight-bearing exercises decreased a harmful protein made in bones and increased a hormone associated with bone growth. (consumeraffairs.com)
  • One group was asked to take part in resistance training exercises, which included lunges and squats using free weights, while the other group was asked to perform jumping exercises, including single-leg and double-leg jumps. (consumeraffairs.com)
  • There are many non-weight bearing exercises that do not stress those joints and can help in weight loss in obese individuals. (livestrong.com)
  • Previous studies have confirmed the importance of weight-bearing exercises in bone health across a persons life span. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Washington, Mar 12 (ANI): If you think it is only good to lose weight by jogging and fast walking, then here's the twist in the tale-such weight-bearing exercises fail to prevent the increased bone turnover caused by weight loss, University of Missouri researchers have found. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • In weight-bearing exercises, your bones and muscles work against gravity and your feet and legs bear the weight. (memorialhospitaljax.com)
  • Weight-bearing exercises include strength-training (resistance) exercises and some aerobic exercises. (memorialhospitaljax.com)
  • Weight-bearing exercises, started in your youth and continued throughout your life, can help prevent osteoporosis . (uwhealth.org)
  • In addition to weight-bearing exercise, experts recommend that you do resistance exercises at least 2 days a week. (uwhealth.org)
  • Exercises that are not weight-bearing, such as swimming, are good for your general health. (uwhealth.org)
  • Participants will be instructed to bear weight as tolerated and to actively do standardized range-of-motion exercises. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • Practising weight-bearing exercises such as resistance training and various types of jumps may increase bone density in men, a new study has found. (daily-sun.com)
  • One group performed resistance training exercises such as lunges and squats using free weights. (daily-sun.com)
  • Weight-bearing exercises are those in which individuals support their own body weight or lift weights. (laparoscopic.md)
  • Weight-bearing exercises should be a part of the exercise regimen of all, especially those above 30. (laparoscopic.md)
  • The investigators hypothesize that provision of either high-calcium milk or weight-bearing exercises will improve bone mineral density among prepubertal girls but that the bone accrual will be greater among those with both interventions. (bioportfolio.com)
  • This study will use a two-by-two factorial design of 1) high-calcium milk (1000 mg/day) vs. placebo (115 mg/day) and 2) weight-bearing exercises (a total of 90 to 150 minutes per week divided into 3 to 5 schooldays) vs. no-exercise (passive activities) in a randomized controlled trial, for a total of 4 intervention groups: calcium+exercise, placebo+exercise, calcium+no exercise, placebo+no exercise. (bioportfolio.com)
  • An easy program of weight-bearing exercises helps you build new bone tissue and reduces your risk of osteoporosis. (dotnetbooks.com)
  • Weight bearing exercise, which works against gravity and stimulates bone formation, is more effective in preventing osteoporosis than non -weight bearing exercises such as cycling and swimming. (dotnetbooks.com)
  • Weight-bearing exercises and resistance exercises are particularly important … Eating a healthy, balanced diet will help keep your bones healthy after the menopause. (dotnetbooks.com)
  • Weight-bearing exercises are known to benefit more than just our musculoskeletal system. (howstuffworks.com)
  • Since weight-bearing exercises can stress your joints, muscles, bones and organs, make sure you're ready for that effort, even if it's a low-impact regimen. (howstuffworks.com)
  • Though it seems counter-intuitive, staying active and doing weight-bearing exercises can help alleviate knee pain. (azcentral.com)
  • Weight-bearing exercises also help keep your bones strong, which reduces the risk of osteoporosis. (azcentral.com)
  • Walking is one of the easiest weight-bearing exercises to keep your joints healthy. (azcentral.com)
  • Doing weight-bearing exercises that strengthen the muscles of your hip and thigh will help to stabilize the knee joint and alleviate pain. (azcentral.com)
  • A study by researchers at the University of Kentucky found that people suffering from PFPS experienced pain relief by doing weight-bearing exercises that strengthened the quadriceps and hip muscles. (azcentral.com)
  • If you suffer from chronic knee pain, which is not alleviated by walking or other weight bearing exercising, water exercises might be beneficial. (azcentral.com)
  • Weight-bearing exercises done in a swimming pool work your muscles and joints without placing excess stress on your bad knee. (azcentral.com)
  • Weight-bearing exercises in water about waist deep provides some of the benefits of land exercises, but with less stress on your bad knee joint. (azcentral.com)
  • The Kinetic Weight Bearing (KWB) system is an alternative method generating quantitative data on footprints and gait in spontaneously moving animals. (harvardapparatus.com)
  • The Kinetic Weight Bearing Instrument provides additional information on applied weight as well as the speed and acceleration of each paw as the animal moves toward an end point of the runway platform. (harvardapparatus.com)
  • The Kinetic Weight Bearing (KWB) Instrument offers automated parameter analysis for each paw of a rodent on Maximum Force (mN), Mass Velocity (N/s), and Maximum surface area (cm2). (harvardapparatus.com)
  • The kinetic weight bearing system adds a major feature to existing gait analysis systems by including the measurement of the force applied by each individual paw to the floor the animal is walking upon. (harvardapparatus.com)
  • The toll of carrying all that excess weight affects your joints, and your knees can take a pounding. (cnn.com)
  • The extra weight puts a lot of stress on the joints, particularly your hips, knees and ankles. (livestrong.com)
  • Joint cartilage is the extremely smooth weight-bearing surface that covers the ends of the bones in our joints and permits nearly frictionless movement. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • The weight-bearing joints, such as the wrists or ankles, are highly susceptible to damage during training or exercise. (sbwire.com)
  • Weight-bearing exercise is any exercise that pits your body against the force of gravity, helping to strengthen muscles and keep joints flexible. (azcentral.com)
  • The reality is, until this patient unloads their weight-bearing joints they are not likely to experience any significant reduction in pain. (physicaltherapist.com)
  • After surgery of the hip, or of the bones of the leg, ankle, or foot, it is of the utmost importance for recovery to get the right amount of weight-bearing when moving around with crutches or frames. (wikipedia.org)
  • For example, he can show you how to use assistive devices such as crutches to help support your weight. (drugs.com)
  • Support your weight on crutches, a walker, or other devices as directed by your healthcare provider. (drugs.com)
  • A week after surgery, doctor wanted me using crutches, which, with both feet operated on, has been impossible to do without weight bearing. (podiatryexperts.net)
  • She seems to think I should only be on crutches now, but the partial weight bearing so soon has me a little concerned. (podiatryexperts.net)
  • Effects of upper-extremity weight-bearing on hand-opening and prehension patterns in children with cerebral palsy. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • The athletes' bones at the nonweight-bearing upper extremity were generally larger in cross-sectional area. (nih.gov)
  • At the shaft sites of the nonweight-bearing upper extremity, the strong bone structure was mainly attributable to the estimated joint moments. (nih.gov)
  • In contrast to previous research findings, birth weights plummeted even further in infants born to a subset of women considered to be at low risk for small babies: Mothers who were white, well-educated, married, didn't smoke, received early prenatal care, and delivered vaginally with no complications had babies who weighed an average of 79 grams (2.78 ounces) less at birth during the study period. (redorbit.com)
  • Advances in perinatal care in the 1990s resulted in dramatic increases in the survival of extremely low-birth-weight (ELBW, less than 1000 grams [2.2 lbs.]) infants, according to background information in the article. (emaxhealth.com)
  • Maureen Hack, M.B., Ch.B., of Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, and colleagues conducted a comprehensive examination of health outcomes at age 8 years in a group of ELBW infants born 1992 through 1995. (emaxhealth.com)
  • Our goal was to investigate the neonatal mortality rate and the mortality rate during the NICU stay for extremely low birth weight infants born in Japan in 2005. (aappublications.org)
  • The Committee of Neonatal Medicine of the Japan Pediatric Society retrospectively surveyed the deaths of extremely low birth weight infants born and hospitalized between January 1 and December 31, 2005. (aappublications.org)
  • From 297 institutions in Japan, data on 3065 extremely low birth weight infants, which represented 98.4% of those reported in the maternal and health statistics of Japan in 2005, were collected. (aappublications.org)
  • 10 extremely low birth weight infants were admitted per year, and no prenatal maternal transfer. (aappublications.org)
  • The mortality rates of extremely low birth weight infants who were born in 2005 demonstrated definite improvement. (aappublications.org)
  • 100 beds in which obstetrics and pediatrics services were established, children's medical centers, and perinatal medical centers, to investigate retrospectively ELBW infants who were born between January 1 and December 31, 2005, and were admitted to the NICU. (aappublications.org)
  • Infants with a birth weight of 1.5kg or less are classified as having very low birth weight. (eurekalert.org)
  • The systematic intensive care of preterm infants at very low birth weight began in the 1970s. (eurekalert.org)
  • High-altitude pregnancies typically produce lower birth weight infants, even among women whose families have lived in high altitude for centuries. (health.am)
  • European infants are three times more likely to be born small for their gestational age compared to Andean babies. (health.am)
  • Yearly, millions of human infants are born small for gestational age (SGA), and these infants are at higher risk for later diseases such as diabetes and hypertension ( 1 ), particularly if their weight gain is excessive in early infancy ( 2 , 3 ) and if they receive protein-enriched formula-feeding (FOF) instead of breast-feeding (BRF) ( 4 - 6 ). (diabetesjournals.org)
  • Between birth and 4 months, we studied how SGA-BRF and SGA-FOF infants distribute their weight gain as compared with BRF controls born appropriate for gestational age (AGA). (diabetesjournals.org)
  • SGA-FOF infants were randomized to receive a standard formula or a protein-enriched formula that is still recommended for low-birth-weight infants. (diabetesjournals.org)
  • Although the best weight-bearing surface is human cartilage, when the damage is too great, manmade materials, in the form of an artificial joint, become an option. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • The new device is being developed to regenerate in vivo the patient's own true articular cartilage, which provides a smooth, weight-bearing surface , versus conventional approaches that have presented the formation of fibrous scar tissue, which is rough and can easily break down. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Those that had the greatest weight loss during the study had the least amount of cartilage degeneration. (physicaltherapist.com)
  • At 3 weeks increasing the amount of weightbearing progressively and gradually is very important to proper healing and rehabilitation. (podiatryexperts.net)
  • Hinton explains that these outcomes bode well for weight-bearing exercise as a preventative measure to osteoporosis. (consumeraffairs.com)
  • To evaluate weight-bearing radiographs ability to determine stability our primary focus is to evaluate if conservative treatment for 'gravity unstable/weightbearing stable' ankles produces different outcomes than conservative treatment for 'gravity stable/weightbearing stable' ankles. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • We found that weight-bearing CT can produce reliable and accurate measurements to help orthopedic clinicians consistently assess the outcomes of surgery. (carestream.com)
  • Now as our specialty explores weight-bearing CT, we will learn more clinically, refine our skills, create new surgical techniques and look at outcomes in a more predictable fashion. (carestream.com)
  • This can lead to negative physical and physiological health outcomes and is also associated with increased weight gain. (laparoscopic.md)
  • Today, there are encouraging reports of successful outcomes when allowing patients to bear weight immediately in a walking boot or functional brace. (podiatrytoday.com)
  • When comparing non-weightbearing cast immobilization for eight weeks to immediate weightbearing in a walking boot, the authors of the UKSTAR study found that treatment of the acute rupture of the Achilles tendon had similar outcomes with both interventions. (podiatrytoday.com)
  • However, studies including children born moderate-late preterm (32-36 gestational weeks) have displayed more diverging results, and in some studies, the increased risk is no longer observed when adjusting the results for socioeconomic factors ( 9 , 10 ). (nature.com)
  • How do those born preterm at very low birth weight fare as adults? (eurekalert.org)
  • The Finnish Institute for Health and Welfare (THL) is investigating the health and well-being of adults who were born preterm at very low birth weight in a series of studies that are unique worldwide. (eurekalert.org)
  • The study involves the participation of those who were treated at birth between 1978 and 1985 in the infant intensive care ward at the Helsinki University Hospital and who were born either preterm at very low birth weight or, as a control group, were born at full term. (eurekalert.org)
  • The adults who were born preterm at very low birth weight have participated actively in the earlier studies, and we hope that as many as possible will participate this time as well," says Medical Researcher and Eye Disease Specialist Maarit Kulmala. (eurekalert.org)
  • The majority of those born preterm at very low birth weight consider themselves to be healthy and live a normal life. (eurekalert.org)
  • Slightly less than 10% have some kind of illness or disability which is related to being born preterm and which affects their daily life and capacity to work. (eurekalert.org)
  • In earlier studies, it was observed that there were health differences at young adulthood between those born full term and those born preterm at very low birth weight. (eurekalert.org)
  • Those born preterm had, for example, a higher incidence of risk factors related to cardiovascular diseases, such as high blood pressure. (eurekalert.org)
  • We previously studied those born preterm during their young adulthood, aged around 20 to 25, at which point the body's operating capacity is at its peak. (eurekalert.org)
  • Now we will be studying how their health and operating capacity develop with age: do the differences observed between those born preterm at very low birth weight and those born full term increase over time or even out? (eurekalert.org)
  • This follow-up study for later adulthood, those aged between 35 and 40, is the first of its kind in the world," explains Professor Eero Kajantie, who is in charge of the study and also heads up the Adults Born Preterm International Collaboration (APIC). (eurekalert.org)
  • Perinatal risk and psychiatric outcome in adolescents born preterm with very low birth weight or term small for gestational age. (nih.gov)
  • To study perinatal risk factors for psychiatric symptoms in adolescents born preterm with very low birth weight or at term, but small for gestational age (GA). (nih.gov)
  • In conclusion, the combination of weight-bearing training and MsAb have a greater positive effect on bone than treatment with either MsAb or weight-bearing training alone, suggesting that resistance training in combination with MSTN antagonists could be an effective approach for improving bone health and reducing osteoporosis risk. (sigmaaldrich.com)
  • Standing yoga poses are a low-impact weight bearing exercise to strengthen bones and decrease risk of osteoporosis. (dotnetbooks.com)
  • Therefore, the purpose of this study was to examine possible differences between weight-bearing goniometric and radiographic ankle range of motion measurements in female ballet dancers. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Adults born ELBW also had higher systolic ( P = .004) and diastolic ( P = .02) blood pressures compared with NBW control subjects, but there were no differences in lipid profile. (aappublications.org)
  • The KWB is able to compare the path of the animal's "Geometric Center of Gravity" with the actual "Weighted Center of Gravity", and show significant differences. (harvardapparatus.com)
  • PWB after surgically treated tibial plateau fractures is safe and is related to a significantly reduced time to full weight bearing with no significant differences in patient-reported quality of life and pain or complication rates. (springer.com)
  • To determine which somatic dysfunctions of the pelvic, sacral, and lumbar spine lead to minor leg length discrepancies and weight-bearing differences and to determine which of these dysfunctions are most common in the asymptomatic population. (jaoa.org)
  • In addition, a statistically significant association was found between right anterior innominate rotation dysfunctions and weight-bearing differences ( P =.02). (jaoa.org)
  • There were no differences in fetal growth or birth weight between the two groups. (health.am)
  • A 13-month-old girl presented with refusal to weight bear and walk for 2 weeks. (bmj.com)
  • Weight-bearing and adequate nutritional intake may help prevent fractures in children with CP. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • His conclusion: "Non-weight bearing is indicated as initial therapy and following failed weight-bearing management of both partial and complete fractures. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Weight-bearing Radiographs to Evaluate Stability in Ankles With Isolated Weber Type B Fractures. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • The investigators will conduct a prospective cohort study on the use of weight-bearing radiographs to evaluate stability in ankles with isolated, trans-syndesmotic (Weber type B) fibular fractures. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • Authors of recent studies have proposed weightbearing radiographs as an alternative method to distinguish stable and unstable fractures, significantly reducing the need for operative treatment (Dawe et al. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • A Dutch survey among orthopedic surgeons and trauma surgeons showed that almost 90% of the surgeons do not follow protocols regarding the weight bearing aftercare for tibial plateau fractures. (springer.com)
  • Clinical studies comparing permissive weight bearing (PWB) versus restricted weight bearing (RWB) after surgically treated tibial plateau fractures are not available. (springer.com)
  • According to the Arbeitsgemeinschaft für Osteosynthesefragen (AO) principles of fracture management, postoperative management of tibial plateau fractures generally consists of toe-touch weight bearing for 6-8 weeks. (springer.com)
  • Biomechanical and animal studies indicate that early weight bearing is beneficial [ 17 , 18 , 19 ], but high-quality clinical studies comparing permissive weight bearing (PWB) versus restricted weight bearing (RWB) after surgically treated tibial plateau fractures are scarce. (springer.com)
  • AM17 Paper 073: Weight Bearing or Non-Weight Bearing After Surgical Treatment of Ankle Fractures: The WOW! (ota.org)
  • A logical conclusion might be that trends in obstetric management, such as greater use of cesarean delivery and induction of labor, might account for these decreases in birth weight and gestation length," says Oken. (redorbit.com)
  • In conclusion, at the weight-bearing lower extremity, the strong bone structure of the female athletes was attributable to muscle performance-related estimated joint moments and impact loading modality. (nih.gov)
  • Reuters Health)-A program of weight-bearing exercise reduces pain and improves joint function, at least for two to six months, for people with osteoarthritis , according to a review of previous trials . (the-rheumatologist.org)
  • I use an informational handout which highlights the relationship with osteoarthritis of the knees and body weight. (physicaltherapist.com)
  • Methods Whether or not there was obliteration of the retrocalcaneal recess (yes/no) on 74 digital weight-bearing lateral radiographs of the ankle was independently assessed by 2 observers. (uva.nl)
  • Participants will be assigned to non-operative or surgical treatment based on ankle stability evaluation using results from weightbearing radiographs consistently. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • Every successful weight loss program includes both a meal plan and an exercise regimen. (laparoscopic.md)
  • The study included 219 ELBW children and 176 normal-birth-weight (NBW) controls of similar sociodemographic status. (emaxhealth.com)
  • The study objective was to compare body composition, glycemia, lipid levels, and blood pressure in adults born with extremely low birth weight (ELBW) versus age- and sex- matched normal birth weight (NBW) control subjects and to examine related previous and current exposures. (aappublications.org)
  • Adults (mean age, 31.8 years) born ELBW ( n = 100) had a higher percent body fat ( P = .004) and lower lean mass for height ( P = .018) but similar waist circumference ( P = .54) and BMI ( P = .61) compared with NBW control subjects. (aappublications.org)
  • In the present study, we examined whether fluid intelligence moderates the link between birth weight and later ADHD symptoms by prospectively following a cohort of 179 survivors who were born at ELBW. (frontiersin.org)
  • Accordingly, the aim of the present study was to examine the role of executive function (EF), and specifically fluid intelligence, which may serve as a putative mechanism underlying variation in ADHD risk among individuals born at ELBW. (frontiersin.org)
  • It is important to point out that although not all low birth weight babies are born prematurely, most babies born ELBW and VLBW are. (frontiersin.org)
  • The key here is weight bearing exercise - which means exercise one performs while on their feet that works the bones and muscles against gravity. (spine-health.com)
  • The investigators teased out certain factors, including the mothers' age, race or ethnicity, education level, marital status and tobacco use, as well as the amount of weight the women gained during pregnancy and how early in pregnancy they received prenatal care. (redorbit.com)
  • In twin-bearing ewes, undernourishment during pregnancy lowers the birth weight and increases morbidity and mortality of lambs. (mdpi.com)
  • They also tracked fetal growth across pregnancy using ultrasound to measure fetal head and abdominal circumference, femur length and estimated fetal weight. (health.am)
  • however, it is unclear which dysfunctions lead to mild changes in leg length or weight bearing distribution in asymptomatic individuals. (jaoa.org)
  • You may not be able to lift weights while you are pregnant. (drugs.com)
  • In this study, software designed for weightbearing computed tomography (WBCT) was used to calculate a new 3D biometric tool: the Foot and Ankle Offset (FAO). (nih.gov)
  • The study analyzed data on birth weight, maternal and neonatal characteristics, obstetric care and other trends from the National Center for Health Statistics Natality Data Sets, looking at 36,827,828 U.S. babies born at full-term between 1990 and 2005. (redorbit.com)
  • Children born in the 1990s weighing less than 2.2 lbs. are at significantly increased risk of experiencing chronic health conditions and functional and educational limitations compared to normal-birth-weight children, according to a study in the July 20 issue of JAMA. (emaxhealth.com)
  • Lead author Dimitris Vlachopoulos, of Exeter University, said: "We didn't study other sports, but it's reasonable to assume weight-bearing , highimpact exercise like tennis, badminton, basketball and handball will have similar effects to football. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • The aim of this study was to explore neurodevelopmental functions in those born with marginally LBW (2000-2500 g). (nature.com)
  • Consequently, the correlation as well as the clinical relevance is still unclear and recent reviews have emphasized the need of long-term studies and the necessity to study a variety of birth weights and gestational ages ( 6 ). (nature.com)
  • This was a prospective observational study including 285 children born between March 2004 and November 2007, at tertiary hospitals in Stockholm and Umeå, Sweden. (nature.com)
  • The results of this study also will help to determine if neuropathic skin and muscle can adapt to increasing physical stress levels without injury which could have important implications for weight-bearing and exercise guidelines for people with DM+PN. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • Pregnant women may want to move away from neighborhoods located close to fracked gas wells, according to a new Princeton University study that finds a higher rate of low birth-weight babies near the wells. (publicnewsservice.org)
  • In this study, rats were randomly assigned to four groups: Control, weight-bearing training (WT), MsAb, and WT+MsAb. (sigmaaldrich.com)
  • To the best of our knowledge, this is the first study that has evaluated the effects of functional limb overloading training on symmetric weight bearing, walking ability, and perceived mobility and participation in chronic hemiplegic population. (hindawi.com)
  • The study helps explain why babies of Andean descent born at high altitude weigh more than European babies born at altitude. (health.am)
  • The purpose of this study was to quantify weight-bearing loads by children with cerebral palsy while in standers. (ovid.com)
  • A recent study validates the benefits of early weightbearing in the non-surgical treatment of Achilles tendon ruptures. (podiatrytoday.com)
  • The UKSTAR study measured the outcome of treating patients with an acute rupture of the Achilles with a traditional plaster cast in a non-weightbearing condition in comparison to immobilizing the patient in a walking boot with immediate weightbearing after the injury. (podiatrytoday.com)
  • The importance of the present study was the demonstration of a strong positive correlation between BMI and BMD at non-weight-bearing site. (bmj.com)
  • Weight-bearing exercise is beneficial to bone health. (sigmaaldrich.com)
  • While discussing how using a weight-bearing imaging system can be beneficial to properly diagnosing patients, Dr. Smith and Dr. Hochschuler also discussed how to present the tests to CMS and commercial payers in order to meet the Milliman Care Guidelines, now known as MCG, for evidence-based medicine. (beckersspine.com)
  • Can Early Weightbearing Be Beneficial In Conservative Care Of Ruptured Achilles Tendons? (podiatrytoday.com)
  • The results show that exercising on an elliptical device significantly reduces the APBW values, especially weight-bearing through the hind foot. (isakos.com)
  • Their findings, published in the February 2010 issue of Obstetrics & Gynecology, suggest that birth weights in this country have declined during the past 15 years. (redorbit.com)
  • Previous studies have shown that birth weights have increased steadily during the past half-century," says Emily Oken, Harvard Medical School assistant professor of population medicine. (redorbit.com)
  • Higher birth weights have been attributed in part to women's increasing age and weight and decreased smoking. (redorbit.com)
  • Instead, Oken and her colleagues found that birth weights had decreased by an average of 52 grams (1.83 ounces) between 1990 and 2005. (redorbit.com)
  • While the decline may simply represent a reversal of previous increases in birth weights, it may also be cause for concern: babies born small not only face short-term complications such as increased likelihood of requiring intensive care after birth and even higher risk of death, they may also be at higher risk for chronic diseases in adulthood. (redorbit.com)
  • Air pollution from hydraulic fracturing may be contributing to higher rates of low birth-weight babies. (publicnewsservice.org)
  • The question of why babies born at high altitude are smaller is not an academic one. (health.am)
  • Time to full weight bearing was significantly shorter in the PWB than in the RWB group, i.e., 14.7 versus 20.7 weeks, ( p = 0.02). (springer.com)
  • H1: Both exercise groups will show an improvement in ankle joint range of motion and ankle plantar flexor / dorsiflexor muscle strength / volume compared to the non-exercising control group, but only the weight-bearing exercise group will show an improvement in standing balance because of exposure to challenging weight-bearing activities. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • This scientific, technical and clinical guide to Weight Bearing Cone Beam Computed Tomography (WBCT), written by the board of the International WBCT Society, presents all of the relevant content to date on the development, implementation, interpretation and clinical application of WBCT for the foot and ankle. (springer.com)
  • The first book publication of its kind on this exciting and developing imaging modality, Weight Bearing Cone Beam Computed Tomography (WBCT) in the Foot and Ankle will be an excellent resource for orthopedic and foot and ankle surgeons, radiologists, and allied medical professionals working in this clinical area. (springer.com)
  • I am eager to share what this technology for capturing weight-bearing CT images means for foot and ankle surgeons, and what the clinical world will look like in 5 or 10 years as a result. (carestream.com)
  • Future research may identify other factors not included in the current data that might contribute to lower birth weight, such as trends in mothers' diets, physical activity, stress, and exposure to environmental toxins. (redorbit.com)
  • BMC teammachine lower bearing spec? (starbike.com)
  • Sports physicians are frequently required to decide on patient weight-bearing limitations following certain bony or soft tissue injuries as well as lower-limb surgical procedures. (isakos.com)
  • The results may now assist medical personnel involved in decision making regarding early return to weight-bearing following lower limb trauma and surgical procedures. (isakos.com)
  • By their fourth decade, these adults born extremely premature had increased body fat, lower lean mass, and a 4-fold increased risk of developing dysglycemia. (aappublications.org)
  • In the fourth decade of life, extremely low birth weight survivors were at increased risk of developing dysglycemia and had higher body fat and lower lean mass for height than normal birth weight control subjects. (aappublications.org)
  • On the other hand, they fared better than those born full term in some areas, showing lower levels of allergic reactions, behavioural disorders and excessive alcohol consumption. (eurekalert.org)
  • In the subgroup born appropriate for GA, internalizing symptoms were also associated with lower GA. In the term small for GA group, perinatal events were not associated with psychiatric problems. (nih.gov)
  • Lower birth weight, shorter gestation, and intraventricular hemorrhage were risk factors for psychiatric problems in the very low birth weight group. (nih.gov)
  • Weight-bearing distribution through each lower extremity was measured on a quadruped scale. (jaoa.org)
  • Specific pelvic and sacral somatic dysfunctions have the potential to influence leg lengths, leading to mild disparities in length and in weight-bearing distribution through the lower extremities. (jaoa.org)
  • This suggests that the uterine artery is playing a causal role in the lower birth weight, as opposed to being a result of having a smaller baby and needing less oxygen or fewer nutrients, Dr. Julian said. (health.am)
  • Personally, I am willing to accept going up a few pounds over the winter, then busting my bear behind to work it off after the holidays or whatever, rather than struggle to maintain a lower weight the rest of the year. (3fatchicks.com)
  • You might ask them to write down all the benefits of being at a lower body weight. (physicaltherapist.com)
  • The Anti-Gravity Treadmill can allow testing of weight bearing by lowering effective body weight in 1% increments from 100-20% of body weight. (wikipedia.org)
  • They are weighted and numbered in increments of 3: XS Red is 3, S Yellow is 6, M Green is 9, L Blue is 12. (discountschoolsupply.com)
  • Esaote's revolutionary G-scan Brio is a unique tilting MR system which allows patients to be imaged in the horizontal and vertical positions, enabling clinicians to conduct weight-bearing MR studies to view anatomy in positions more typical of daily activities than traditional supine positions. (esaote.com)
  • In an Oct. 2 webinar titled "Weight-Bearing MRI in Modern Spine Practice: Addressing Milliman Criteria," Douglas Smith, MD, and Stephen Hochschuler, MD, discussed the advantages of using a standing or supine weight-bearing imaging system, specifically the G-Scan Brio from Esaote, as opposed to a traditional MRI scan. (beckersspine.com)
  • We found that there was an improvement in gait performance, weight bearing on affected limb, and perceived mobility and community participation. (hindawi.com)
  • Hypothesis: Early weight bearing does not affect outcome after the Endoscopic Distal Soft Tissue Procedure for Hallux Valgus Correction. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • Epidemiologic evidence linking low birth weight to subsequent cardiometabolic disorders has led to the developmental origins of health and disease hypothesis. (aappublications.org)
  • Wow, so all I have to do is lose weight and my health improves? (cnn.com)
  • Regularly engaging in walking and in other forms of weight-bearing exercise is vital for your long term health, as well as for a high quality of life in your retirement years. (naturalhealthperspective.com)
  • Multiple studies have linked low birth-weight to health issues down the road. (publicnewsservice.org)
  • Our Medical Weight Loss Center provides our patients with the tools and guidance they need to meet their weight loss goals and improve their overall health. (ibegin.com)
  • In past issues of the Juvenon Health Journal we've discussed the importance of regular exercise for health, but now recent research reveals that the best way to manage weight may not include daily gym visits. (juvenon.com)
  • Jeff Gilliam PT PhD, OCS: is a weight loss specialist, who has studied extensively in the areas of health behavior, exercise physiology and nutritional biochemistry at the University of Florida. (physicaltherapist.com)
  • I am now in an aircast fully weight bearing, but taking it easy. (healthboards.com)
  • Birth weight""a combination of fetal growth and length of gestation""was recorded in grams. (redorbit.com)
  • Partial weight-bearing: A small amount of weight may be supported by the affected leg. (wikipedia.org)
  • Are there concerns or risks to such partial weight bearing at one and now two weeks post op? (podiatryexperts.net)
  • Researchers compared 12,355 normal weight, overweight and obese patients. (cnn.com)
  • So what these stupid doctors are saying is that they need their obese paitients to lose weight to have surgery to lose more weight. (cnn.com)
  • Biking is a non-weight bearing exercise for the super morbidly obese. (livestrong.com)
  • Being obese in the US is frequently accompanied by exposure to weight-related pressure and prejudice from a variety of sources, ranging from negative portrayals of obese individuals in the media to interpersonal difficulties with family members and co-workers. (laparoscopic.md)
  • Therefore, it is presumable that the both mechanical load, induced by greater body weight, and hormonal factors, through the effects of adipose tissue on levels of circulating estrogens, are responsible for greater skeletal density in obese people. (bmj.com)
  • One way to relieve those risks of complications is weight loss. (cnn.com)
  • Doctors don't set a weight limit because they are jerks, they do it because the operation is much more dangerous and difficult at extreme weights, and there is a huge chance of complications. (cnn.com)
  • A relative-weight-ratio criterion based sparse Gauss-Hermite rule is presented in this paper, in which cubature points are kept symmetric in the input space and corresponding weights are guaranteed to be positive. (hindawi.com)
  • Nutritional supplementation only had a positive effect on birth weight, meanwhile combined supplementation of vitamins and concentrate improves the lamb response. (mdpi.com)
  • In orthopedics , weight-bearing is the amount of weight a patient puts on an injured body part. (wikipedia.org)
  • In general, it is described as a percentage of the body weight, because each leg of a healthy person carries the full body weight when walking, in an alternating fashion. (wikipedia.org)
  • In this grade, 0% of the body weight may be rested on the leg. (wikipedia.org)
  • [1] The weight may be gradually increased up to 50% of the body weight, which would permit the affected person to stand with his body weight evenly supported by both feet (but not to walk). (wikipedia.org)
  • Usually assigned to people that can support from 50 to 100% of the body weight on the affected leg, the affected person independently chooses the weight supported by the extremity. (wikipedia.org)
  • The leg can now carry 100% of the body weight, which permits normal walking. (wikipedia.org)
  • adjective Referring to the ability of a part of the body to resist or support weight. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • A healthy leg can support your body weight, but when you have an injured leg or foot, you need to keep weight off it. (baycare.org)
  • The trained rats ran at 15 m/min bearing with 35% of their body weight, 40 min/day (2 min of running followed by 2 min of rest), 6 days/week, for 8 weeks. (sigmaaldrich.com)
  • Most muscle groups can be worked and toned by your own body weight resistance. (shelbystar.com)
  • No need for hand weights or equipment, you simply need a chair, bench or an elevated flat surface, and your own body weight. (shelbystar.com)
  • The results showed that vitamin supplementation increased offspring birth weight and antioxidant capacity, with a trend towards higher body weight (BW) at weaning. (mdpi.com)
  • Weight-bearing ranged widely (23%-102%) with a mean of 68% of body weight. (ovid.com)
  • Actual weight borne in a stander is quite variable, and in some instances only a fraction of actual body weight. (ovid.com)
  • Similarly, dynamic foraminal stenosis is visible on a G-scan Brio image, which shows the body weight compressing the disc, the facet joint overriding and the disc compressing the nerve root in the neural foramen. (beckersspine.com)
  • He currently is clinical director of ReQuest Physical Therapy (Gainesville, Florida) and incorporates his lifestyle/weight loss program into his patients' physical therapy to help them achieve their healthiest body weight. (physicaltherapist.com)
  • Background Body weight is highly related to bone mineral density (BMD), regardless of age, menopausal duration, or any other variables. (bmj.com)
  • The Primary Goal of this proposal is to conduct a pilot randomized prospective controlled clinical trial to determine if people with DM+PN can benefit from a progressive weight-bearing exercise program to improve impairments, functional limitations, disability, and pathophysiology without an increase in skin breakdown or foot lesions. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • Determine the effect of a weight-bearing exercise program compared to a non-weight bearing exercise program and to a non-exercising control group on indicators of impairments, functional limitations, disability, and pathophysiology in patients with DM+PN. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • HIV-related Kaposi's sarcoma usually has an indolent course, but if it becomes infiltrative it can cause significant functional limitations, especially when lesions develop on weight-bearing surfaces , said Mr. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • The benefits of a weight bearing program will be compared to the benefits of a non weight bearing exercise program and to a non-exercising control group. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • Based on stability evaluation using weight-bearing adiographs one group recieves surgery, one group recieves non-surgical treatment. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • 1 Functional scoring was almost identical in both the group receiving a non-weightbearing cast and the group who was weightbearing in a walking boot at three, six and nine months post-injury. (podiatrytoday.com)
  • This allows the weight borne by each individual paw to be tracked during a walking sequence in a corridor. (harvardapparatus.com)
  • As a surgeon who has long advocated early weightbearing for the Lapidus procedure, I will share my experiences and how my practice has moved away from screw fixation and progressive weightbearing to specialty plate fixation and more immediate weightbearing (with less extrinsic support from a walking boot or post-op shoe). (podiatrytoday.com)
  • 05), weight-bearing training significantly increased energy absorption (p (sigmaaldrich.com)
  • Practice bear safety by avoiding bears, staying calm, not running and being "human. (reference.com)
  • Most children with LBW are born with marginally LBW (2000-2500 g), representing about 3-6% of all children in developed countries and even more in developing countries ( 11 , 12 ). (nature.com)
  • Inclusion criteria were: being born with a birth weight between 2000 and 2500 g, not having a chronic disease, and not having been treated with blood transfusion or iron supplements. (nature.com)
  • With a healthy diet, core strength (like pilates), weight training and running I'm a size 6 and 140lbs-with no knee pain! (cnn.com)
  • 4 The inverse value, nonvolatile, is used to determine the weight percent solids content. (astm.org)
  • and for the nonweight-bearing upper extremities into high magnitude (functional weightlifting in hurdling and soccer), impact (volleyball, racket-sports) and repetitive, nonimpact (swimming) loadings. (nih.gov)