Emulsions: Colloids formed by the combination of two immiscible liquids such as oil and water. Lipid-in-water emulsions are usually liquid, like milk or lotion. Water-in-lipid emulsions tend to be creams. The formation of emulsions may be aided by amphiphatic molecules that surround one component of the system to form MICELLES.alpha-Cyclodextrins: Cyclic GLUCANS consisting of six (6) glucopyranose units linked by 1,4-glycosidic bonds.Oils: Unctuous combustible substances that are liquid or easily liquefiable on warming, and are soluble in ether but insoluble in water. Such substances, depending on their origin, are classified as animal, mineral, or vegetable oils. Depending on their behavior on heating, they are volatile or fixed. (Dorland, 28th ed)Water: A clear, odorless, tasteless liquid that is essential for most animal and plant life and is an excellent solvent for many substances. The chemical formula is hydrogen oxide (H2O). (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)Fat Emulsions, Intravenous: Emulsions of fats or lipids used primarily in parenteral feeding.Water Supply: Means or process of supplying water (as for a community) usually including reservoirs, tunnels, and pipelines and often the watershed from which the water is ultimately drawn. (Webster, 3d ed)Fresh Water: Water containing no significant amounts of salts, such as water from RIVERS and LAKES.Body Water: Fluids composed mainly of water found within the body.Water Pollution: Contamination of bodies of water (such as LAKES; RIVERS; SEAS; and GROUNDWATER.)Water Purification: Any of several processes in which undesirable impurities in water are removed or neutralized; for example, chlorination, filtration, primary treatment, ion exchange, and distillation. It includes treatment of WASTE WATER to provide potable and hygienic water in a controlled or closed environment as well as provision of public drinking water supplies.Emulsifying Agents: SURFACE-ACTIVE AGENTS that induce a dispersion of undissolved material throughout a liquid.Water Pollutants, Chemical: Chemical compounds which pollute the water of rivers, streams, lakes, the sea, reservoirs, or other bodies of water.Water Pollutants: Substances or organisms which pollute the water or bodies of water. Use for water pollutants in general or those for which there is no specific heading.Soybean Oil: Oil from soybean or soybean plant.Triolein: (Z)-9-Octadecenoic acid 1,2,3-propanetriyl ester.Water Deprivation: The withholding of water in a structured experimental situation.Fluorocarbons: Liquid perfluorinated carbon compounds which may or may not contain a hetero atom such as nitrogen, oxygen or sulfur, but do not contain another halogen or hydrogen atom. This concept includes fluorocarbon emulsions and fluorocarbon blood substitutes.Water Movements: The flow of water in enviromental bodies of water such as rivers, oceans, water supplies, aquariums, etc. It includes currents, tides, and waves.Water SofteningDrinking: The consumption of liquids.Parenteral Nutrition: The administering of nutrients for assimilation and utilization by a patient who cannot maintain adequate nutrition by enteral feeding alone. Nutrients are administered by a route other than the alimentary canal (e.g., intravenously, subcutaneously).Polysorbates: Sorbitan mono-9-octadecanoate poly(oxy-1,2-ethanediyl) derivatives; complex mixtures of polyoxyethylene ethers used as emulsifiers or dispersing agents in pharmaceuticals.Particle Size: Relating to the size of solids.Mineral Oil: A mixture of liquid hydrocarbons obtained from petroleum. It is used as laxative, lubricant, ointment base, and emollient.Aquaporins: A class of porins that allow the passage of WATER and other small molecules across CELL MEMBRANES.Surface-Active Agents: Agents that modify interfacial tension of water; usually substances that have one lipophilic and one hydrophilic group in the molecule; includes soaps, detergents, emulsifiers, dispersing and wetting agents, and several groups of antiseptics.Chemistry, Pharmaceutical: Chemistry dealing with the composition and preparation of agents having PHARMACOLOGIC ACTIONS or diagnostic use.Plant Oils: Oils derived from plants or plant products.Drug Compounding: The preparation, mixing, and assembling of a drug. (From Remington, The Science and Practice of Pharmacy, 19th ed, p1814)Temperature: The property of objects that determines the direction of heat flow when they are placed in direct thermal contact. The temperature is the energy of microscopic motions (vibrational and translational) of the particles of atoms.Chylomicrons: A class of lipoproteins that carry dietary CHOLESTEROL and TRIGLYCERIDES from the SMALL INTESTINE to the tissues. Their density (0.93-1.006 g/ml) is the same as that of VERY-LOW-DENSITY LIPOPROTEINS.Drug Stability: The chemical and physical integrity of a pharmaceutical product.SqualeneSeawater: The salinated water of OCEANS AND SEAS that provides habitat for marine organisms.Water-Electrolyte Balance: The balance of fluid in the BODY FLUID COMPARTMENTS; total BODY WATER; BLOOD VOLUME; EXTRACELLULAR SPACE; INTRACELLULAR SPACE, maintained by processes in the body that regulate the intake and excretion of WATER and ELECTROLYTES, particularly SODIUM and POTASSIUM.Rivers: Large natural streams of FRESH WATER formed by converging tributaries and which empty into a body of water (lake or ocean).Water Wells: Constructions built to access underground water.Lecithins: A complex mixture of PHOSPHOLIPIDS; GLYCOLIPIDS; and TRIGLYCERIDES; with substantial amounts of PHOSPHATIDYLCHOLINES; PHOSPHATIDYLETHANOLAMINES; and PHOSPHATIDYLINOSITOLS, which are sometimes loosely termed as 1,2-diacyl-3-phosphocholines. Lecithin is a component of the CELL MEMBRANE and commercially extracted from SOYBEANS and EGG YOLK. The emulsifying and surfactant properties are useful in FOOD ADDITIVES and for forming organogels (GELS).TriglyceridesSolubility: The ability of a substance to be dissolved, i.e. to form a solution with another substance. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)Blood Substitutes: Substances that are used in place of blood, for example, as an alternative to BLOOD TRANSFUSIONS after blood loss to restore BLOOD VOLUME and oxygen-carrying capacity to the blood circulation, or to perfuse isolated organs.Surface Properties: Characteristics or attributes of the outer boundaries of objects, including molecules.Parenteral Nutrition, Total: The delivery of nutrients for assimilation and utilization by a patient whose sole source of nutrients is via solutions administered intravenously, subcutaneously, or by some other non-alimentary route. The basic components of TPN solutions are protein hydrolysates or free amino acid mixtures, monosaccharides, and electrolytes. Components are selected for their ability to reverse catabolism, promote anabolism, and build structural proteins.Aquaporin 1: Aquaporin 1 forms a water-specific channel that is constitutively expressed at the PLASMA MEMBRANE of ERYTHROCYTES and KIDNEY TUBULES, PROXIMAL. It provides these cells with a high permeability to WATER. In humans polymorphisms of this protein result in the Colton blood group antigen.Waste Water: Contaminated water generated as a waste product of human activity.Dehydration: The condition that results from excessive loss of water from a living organism.Silicones: A broad family of synthetic organosiloxane polymers containing a repeating silicon-oxygen backbone with organic side groups attached via carbon-silicon bonds. Depending on their structure, they are classified as liquids, gels, and elastomers. (From Merck Index, 12th ed)Silicone Oils: Organic siloxanes which are polymerized to the oily stage. The oils have low surface tension and density less than 1. They are used in industrial applications and in the treatment of retinal detachment, complicated by proliferative vitreoretinopathy.Silicone Elastomers: Polymers of silicone that are formed by crosslinking and treatment with amorphous silica to increase strength. They have properties similar to vulcanized natural rubber, in that they stretch under tension, retract rapidly, and fully recover to their original dimensions upon release. They are used in the encapsulation of surgical membranes and implants.Coated Materials, Biocompatible: Biocompatible materials usually used in dental and bone implants that enhance biologic fixation, thereby increasing the bond strength between the coated material and bone, and minimize possible biological effects that may result from the implant itself.Chlorofluorocarbons, Methane: A group of methane-based halogenated hydrocarbons containing one or more fluorine and chlorine atoms.Hydrotherapy: External application of water for therapeutic purposes.
... s are emulsion-type products. They are composed of solid fat globules, dispersed in protein solution. The proteins ... These ingredients may still be used, but must be labelled as such, and up to 10% water may be included without being labelled. ... Virtually all sausages will be industrially precooked and either fried or warmed in hot water by the consumer or at the hot dog ... White sausages do not contain paprika and can be fried, boiled in wine, or, more rarely, in water. Falukorv is a large ...
In Oil in Water emulsions - use emulsifying agents that are more soluble in water than in oil (High HLB surfactants). In Water ... what makes an emulsion oil-in-water or water-in-oil is not the relative percentages of oil or water, but which phase the ... In an oil-in-water emulsion, oil is the discrete phase, while water is the continuous phase. What the Bancroft rule states is ... So even though there may be a formula that's 60% oil and 40% water, if the emulsifier chosen is more soluble in water, it will ...
Cooked sausages (Brühwurst) may include water and emulsifiers and are always cooked. They will not keep long. Examples include ... Sausages are emulsion-type products. They are composed of solid fat globules, dispersed in protein solution. The proteins ... These ingredients may still be used, but must be labelled as such, and up to 10% water may be included without being labelled.[ ... Virtually all sausages will be industrially precooked and either fried or warmed in hot water by the consumer or at the hot dog ...
Part B: Potassium bromide 12 g, distilled Water 30 ml. Part C: Ammonium carbonate 80 g water 30 ml. When needed for use, mix ... First, a printing emulsion was developed using silver chloride. These emulsions were slow, and could not be developed, so they ... However, with the emulsion process, it could be washed out after creation of the emulsion. ... Collodion emulsion preparation example[edit]. This section's tone or style may not reflect the encyclopedic tone used on ...
Water[edit]. Water plays a multitude of functions in Easy Cheese. First, it allows for more stable emulsion serving as a medium ... Easy Cheese is an oil-in-water emulsion. Oil droplets typically have a diameter of no more than one micrometer. Emulsions with ... Therefore, the continuous phase of the oil-in-water emulsion has a greater contribution to the viscosity of the cheese product ... Water also provides the moisture content needed in processed cheese spreads to achieve the desired texture.[5] Excessive water ...
Hydrogels can be produced using emulsion polymerization. Several methods can be used to measure the contact angle of a water ...
Conservation through water reuse and recycling. Organic fertilization of plants with natural fish emulsion. Efficient use of ... He reasoned that the one thing that all plant and animal species had in common was a need for water so it seemed logical that ... of Australian freshwater fish could be successfully grown out in as little as 600 litres of water. Integrated aquaculture was ...
Cream is an emulsion of fat-in-water; the process of churning causes a phase inversion to butter which is an emulsion of water- ...
Droplets of the butter become suspended in the water and lemon juice once emulsion occurs. While emulsions can be either stable ... Egg emulsion sauces include mayonnaise, Hollandaise and Béarnaise. For hollandaise sauce, egg yolks and water, lemon juice or ... A stainless steel bowl over a sauce pan with a small amount of water may also be used. The water should not touch the bowl or ... Pass the sauce through a tammy cloth and return to a clean sauce pan and leave standing in a pan of hot (not boiling) water ...
... or organic fertilizers such as fish emulsion. Water-soluble fertilizers are used every two weeks or per label instructions. ... Watering: Preference mist every 1-2 days on warmer weather, while mist 1-2 times a week on cooler evenings. Re-potting: Potting ... For organic fertilizers, such as fish emulsion, follow label directions. Allow houseplants to 'rest' during the winter months; ... Fertilizing: Plants may be fertilized with: 1. water-soluble, quick release fertilizers; 2. temperature controlled slow-release ...
The water phase should be maintained above a pH of 7. Stability of the emulsion depends on the alkaline value. Lyons Williams C ... The shales don't become water wet. Poor stability of the emulsion results in the two layers separating into two distinct layers ... high-temperature holes that dehydrate water-based mud, to drill water-soluble zones and to drill producing zones. The ... The water phase of oil-based mud can be freshwater, or a solution of sodium or calcium chloride. The external phase is oil and ...
"Our current understanding of water-in-crude oil emulsions". Advances in Colloid and Interface Science. 100-102: 399. doi: ... The sample is normally dissolved in toluene and propanol with a little water and titrated with alcoholic potassium hydroxide ( ...
Water emulsions may also be used. Due to the tension-free reception of loose parts in the carriers, virtually any solid ...
The solution was adding water. So water extended (water in oil emulsion) and water based (oil in water emulsion) defoamers ... Water based defoamers[edit]. Water based defoamers are different types of oils and waxes dispersed in a water base. The oils ... They are delivered as oils, water solutions, or water based emulsions. EO/PO copolymers normally have good dispersing ... These might be delivered as an oil or a water based emulsion. The silicone compound consists of an hydrophobic silica dispersed ...
The beads are then compartmentalized into water-oil emulsion droplets. In the aqueous water-oil emulsion, each of the droplets ... In emulsion PCR methods, a DNA library is first generated through random fragmentation of genomic DNA. Single-stranded DNA ... The three most common amplification methods are emulsion PCR (emPCR), rolling circle and solid-phase amplification. The final ...
... the milk fat is distributed in the manner of an oil-in-water emulsion. Another example of an oil-in-water emulsion is ... The structure is porous in order to be able to hold a sufficient amount of water, it structure also assists in the reactivity ... The viscosity of sour cream at room temperature is 100,000 cP, (for comparison: water has a viscosity of 1 cP at 20 °C). The ... Whey proteins are much more water-soluble than casein proteins. The main biological function of β-lactoglobulin in milk is to ...
It is a stable emulsion of oil, water, and protein. Its original form is a natural by-product of the manufacture of tofu, but ... The dry beans are soaked in water overnight or for a minimum of 3 hours or more depending on the temperature of the water. The ... The ratio of water to beans on a weight basis is 5:1 for traditional soy milk or 20:1 for soy beverages. The resulting slurry ... of water a day, producing an average of 40 kilograms (88 lb) of milk a day. Legumes, including the soybean plant, also ...
Often this is an emulsion of crude oil and water. Pump size is also determined by the depth and weight of the oil to remove, ... Although the flow rate for a water well pumpjack is lower than that from a jet pump and the lifted water is not pressurised, ... Engines that power water pumpjacks often receive natural gas from the nearest available gas grid. The prime mover runs a set of ... Pumpjacks can also be used to drive what would now be considered old-fashioned hand-pumped water wells. The scale of the ...
In water, the glass rods are visible because the refractive index of water is different for water and glass. In the oil, ... They can also break up an emulsion during an extraction. It is recommended that the rod be cleaned after each use to avoid ... Glass rods can normally be cleaned simply by placing them in a beaker of clean water and stirring. These are two classic ... Glass rods are placed in beakers of liquid, in this case oil and water. ...
... water, and aliphatic hydrocarbons. It also forms stable emulsions in water. PPC allows the diffusion of gases like oxygen ...
... oil-in-water emulsion that is formed when water is added to ouzo and other anise-flavored liqueurs and spirits, such as pastis ... and the concentration of ethanol is lowered by addition of small amounts of water. Oil-in-water emulsions are not stable. Oil ... "Spontaneously Formed trans-Anethol/Water/Alcohol Emulsions: Mechanism of Formation and Stability" (PDF). Langmuir. 21 (16): ... Emulsions have many commercial uses. A large range of prepared food products, detergents, and body-care products take the form ...
They can also delay the formation of persistent oil-in-water emulsions. However, laboratory experiments showed that dispersants ... A dispersant/plasticizer is added to the gypsum wallboard slurry to reduce the amount of water used. The lower water usage ... For dispersing (emulsification) of oil into water (or water into oils), surfactants selected on the basis of hydrophilic- ... They will cause the oil slick to break up and form water-soluble micelles that are rapidly diluted. Then effectively spread ...
"Spontaneously Formed trans-Anethol/Water/Alcohol Emulsions: Mechanism of Formation and Stability". Langmuir. 21 (16): 7083-7089 ... In 19th-century medicine, anise was prepared as aqua anisi ("Water of Anise") in doses of an ounce or more and as spiritus ... Zehtab-salmasi, S.; Javanshir, A.; Omidbaigi, R.; Alyari, H.; Ghassemi-golezani, K. (May 2001). "Effects of water supply and ... but on addition of water become cloudy, a phenomenon known as the ouzo effect.[26][27] ...
... , like butter, consists of a water-in-fat emulsion, with tiny droplets of water dispersed uniformly throughout a fat ... This oil-and-water emulsion is then heated, blended, and cooled. The softer tub margarines are made with less hydrogenated, ... Under European Union directives, margarine is defined as: "A water-in-oil emulsion derived from vegetable/animal fats, with a ... "An emulsion of fat, or water in fat, oil, or fat and oil that are not derived from milk and shall contain not less than 80% fat ...
The emulsion in this instance is a water-in-oil one. Studies have shown that by surrounding the water-soluble flavor extracts ... with the continuous oil phase of the emulsion resulted in a slower rate of flavor dispersion from the water, leading to the ... The oil-free soybean meal is then suspended in water and treated with alkali to dissolve the protein while leaving behind the ... Overall the composition of dry protein mix can contain between 30% to 100% water-hydratable, heat-coagulable protein by weight ...
A self-microemulsifying drug delivery system (SMEDDS) is a drug delivery system that uses a microemulsion achieved by chemical rather than mechanical means. That is, by an intrinsic property of the drug formulation, rather than by special mixing and handling. It employs the familiar ouzo effect displayed by anethole in many anise-flavored liquors. Microemulsions have significant potential for use in drug delivery, and SMEDDS (including so-called "U-type" microemulsions) are the best of these systems identified to date. SMEDDS are of particular value in increasing the absorption of lipophilic drugs taken by mouth. SMEDDS in research or development include formulations of the drugs anethole trithione, oridonin, curcumin, vinpocetine, tacrolimus,Mitotane, berberine hydrochloride, nobiletin, piroxicam, anti-malaria drugs beta-Artemether and halofantrine, anti-HIV drug UC 781, nimodipine, exemestane, anti-cancer drugs 9-nitrocamptothecin (9-NC) paclitaxel, and ...
... s contain both a dispersed and a continuous phase, with the boundary between the phases called the "interface"[4]. Emulsions tend to have a cloudy appearance because the many phase interfaces scatter light as it passes through the emulsion. Emulsions appear white when all light is scattered equally. If the emulsion is dilute enough, higher-frequency (low-wavelength) light will be scattered more, and the emulsion will appear bluer - this is called the "Tyndall effect".[citation needed]If the emulsion is concentrated enough, the color will be distorted toward comparatively longer wavelengths, and will appear more yellow. This phenomenon is easily observable when comparing skimmed milk, which contains little fat, to cream, which contains a much higher concentration of milk fat. One example would be a mixture of water and oil.[citation needed] Two special classes of ...
... is a light-sensitive colloid used in film-based photography. Most commonly, in silver-gelatin photography, it consists of silver halide crystals dispersed in gelatin. The emulsion is usually coated onto a substrate of glass, films (of cellulose nitrate, cellulose acetate or polyester), paper, or fabric. Photographic emulsion is not a true emulsion, but a suspension of solid particles (silver halide) in a fluid (gelatin in solution). However, the word emulsion is customarily used in a photographic context. Gelatin or gum arabic layers sensitized with dichromate used in the dichromated colloid processes carbon and gum bichromate are sometimes called emulsions. Some processes do not have emulsions, such as platinum, cyanotype, salted paper, or kallitype. Photographic emulsion is a fine suspension of insoluble light-sensitive crystals in a colloid sol, usually consisting of gelatin. The ...
... s are clear, thermodynamically stable, isotropic liquid mixtures of oil, water and surfactant, frequently in combination with a cosurfactant. The aqueous phase may contain salt(s) and/or other ingredients, and the "oil" may actually be a complex mixture of different hydrocarbons and olefins. In contrast to ordinary emulsions, microemulsions form upon simple mixing of the components and do not require the high shear conditions generally used in the formation of ordinary emulsions. The three basic types of microemulsions are direct (oil dispersed in water, o/w), reversed (water dispersed in oil, w/o) and bicontinuous. In ternary systems such as microemulsions, where two immiscible phases (water and 'oil') are present with a surfactant, the surfactant molecules may form a monolayer at the ...
... manipulate discrete volumes of fluids in immiscible phases with low Reynolds number and laminar flow regimes. Interest in droplet-based microfluidics systems has been growing substantially in past decades. Microdroplets offer the feasibility of handling miniature volumes (μl to fl) of fluids conveniently, provide better mixing, encapsulation, sorting, sensing and are suitable for high throughput experiments. Two immiscible phases used for the droplet generation are referred to as the continuous phase (medium in which droplets are generated) and dispersed phase (the droplet phase). The size of the generated droplets is mainly controlled by the flow rates of the continuous phase and dispersed phase, interfacial tension between two phases and the geometry used for the droplet generation. Generally, three types of microfluidic geometries are utilized for the droplet generation: (i) T-Junction, (ii) Flow Focusing, and (iii) Co-Flowing. The benefits of microfluidics can be ...
Since fish emulsion is naturally derived, it is considered an organic fertilizer appropriate for use in organic horticulture. In addition to having a typical N-P-K analysis of 5-2-2, fish emulsion adds micronutrients.[1]. ...
DNA-encoded chemical libraries (DEL) is a technology for the synthesis and screening on unprecedented scale of collections of small molecule compounds. DEL is used in medicinal chemistry to bridge the fields of combinatorial chemistry and molecular biology. The aim of DEL technology is to accelerate the drug discovery process and in particular early phase discovery activities such as target validation and hit identification. DEL technology involves the conjugation of chemical compounds or building blocks to short DNA fragments that serve as identification bar codes and in some cases also direct and control the chemical synthesis. The technique enables the mass creation and interrogation of libraries via affinity selection, typically on an immobilized protein target. A homogeneous method for screening DNA-encoded libraries has recently been developed which uses water-in-oil emulsion technology to isolate, count and identify individual ligand-target complexes ...
In human cell biology globules of fat are the individual pieces of intracellular fat inside other cell types than adipocytes (fat cells). Intracellular fat is bound in the globular form by phospholipid membranes, which are hydrophobic. This means that fat globules are insoluble in water. In simpler terms: a vacuole or droplet of triglyceride or some other blood lipid, which is located inside a cell that is not an adipocyte (fat cell), as opposed to fat cells in between other cells in an organ. Lipids and any lipid digestive derivatives must be transported in the globular form within the cell, blood and tissue spaces due to its insolubility. Globules of fat are emulsified in the stomach into small droplets by bile salts during food digestion, speeding up the rate of digestion by the enzyme lipase later on. Bile salts possess detergent properties that allow them to emulsify fat globules into smaller emulsion droplets, and then into even smaller micelles. This ...
A depletion force is an effective attractive force that arises between large colloidal particles that are suspended in a dilute solution of depletants, which are smaller solutes that are preferentially excluded from the vicinity of the large particles. One of the earliest reports of depletion forces that lead to particle coagulation is that of Bondy, who observed the separation or 'creaming' of rubber latex upon addition of polymer depletant molecules (sodium alginate) to solution. More generally, depletants can include polymers, micelles, osmolytes, ink, mud, or paint dispersed in a continuous phase. Depletion forces are often regarded as entropic forces, as was first explained by the established Asakura-Oosawa model. In this theory the depletion force arises from an increase in osmotic pressure of the surrounding solution when colloidal particles get close enough such that the excluded cosolutes (depletants) cannot fit in between them. Because the particles were considered as hard-core ...
... is an analog medium that is used for recording motion pictures or animation. It is a strip or sheet of transparent plastic film base coated on one side with a gelatin emulsion containing microscopically small light-sensitive silver halide crystals. The sizes and other characteristics of the crystals determine the sensitivity, contrast and resolution of the film. The emulsion will gradually darken if left exposed to light, but the process is too slow and incomplete to be of any practical use. Instead, a very short exposure to the image formed by a camera lens is used to produce only a very slight chemical change, proportional to the amount of light absorbed by each crystal. This creates an invisible latent image in the emulsion, which can be chemically developed into a visible photograph. In addition to visible light, all films are sensitive to X-rays and high-energy particles. Most are at least slightly sensitive to invisible ultraviolet (UV) light. ...
Traditionally, the fertilized eggs are incubated in the sun or buried in sand, and stored in baskets to retain warmth. In order for the embryo to develop normally, it must be exposed to heat for the correct period of time, while ensuring that the temperature is not too hot to harm the eggs or too cold to prevent growth.[6] The embryo is very sensitive to high temperatures, and is easily killed upon cooking in the sun.[6] After nine days, the eggs are held to a light to reveal the embryo inside. The production of balut depends on egg maturation cycles, where the egg begins developing and changes in texture. Throughout these various maturation periods, different temperatures are required to accentuate the specific egg and embryo characteristics. Within the first few stages of maturation, balut is known as "balut sa puti" ("wrapped in white") when it is white; the embryo inside is insufficiently developed to show a beak, feathers or claws, and the bones are undeveloped. These are made from very ...
... is large format and medium format photographic film supplied on individual sheets of acetate or polyester film base rather than rolls. Sheet film was initially supplied as an alternative to glass plates. The most popular size measures 4×5 inches; smaller and larger sizes including the gigantic 20×24 inches have been made and many are still available today. To use sheet film, the photographer places a sheet of film, emulsion side out, into a film holder in the dark, and closes the dark slide over the loaded film. Next, the holder is inserted into a large-format camera, and the dark slide is removed from the holder. The exposure is made, the dark slide is replaced, and the film holder is removed from the camera. Sheet films have notches cut into one short side. This makes it simple to determine which side is the emulsion, when the film is hidden from sight (in the darkroom, or inside a changing bag). When holding the sheet in "portrait" orientation (short side up), with ...
କୁଷ୍ଠ ରୋଗ କିପରି ସଂକ୍ରମିତ ହୁଏ ତାହାର ସଠିକ୍ ପଦ୍ଧତି ଏ ପର୍ଯ୍ୟନ୍ତ ଅଜଣା ଅଛି କିନ୍ତୁ ଲମ୍ବା ସମୟ ଧରି ଉଠାବସା କଲେ ଓ ନାକରୁ ନିର୍ଗତ ଟୋପାଦ୍ୱାରା (droplet infection) ଏହା ସମ୍ଭବ ବୋଲି ବିଶ୍ୱାସ କରାଯାଏ । ଉତ୍ତର ଆମେରିକାରେ ମନୁଷ୍ୟ ବ୍ୟତୀତ ଆର୍ମାଡିଲୋ ପ୍ରାଣୀ[୧୮] ଓ ଆଉ ତିନି ପ୍ରକାର ପ୍ରାଇମେଟ ଦେହରେ ଏହି ରୋଗ ହେବା ଅନୁଶୀଳନ ହୋଇଛି[୧୯] । ଲାବୋରେଟୋରିରେ ମୂଷାର ପାଦପ୍ୟାଡରେ ଇଞ୍ଜେକ୍ଟ କରି ଏହି ରୋଗ ଜୀବାଣୁ ସଂଖ୍ୟା ବୃଦ୍ଧି କରାଯାଇ ପାରୁଛି[୨୦] । ଏହି ...
A moisturizer is an emulsion of water and oil. Since water and oil like to separate, you need a stabilizer to keep them ... So thus far, you need water, an oil based substance, and an emulsifier. Most moisturizers use petroleum and mineral oil for the ... Finally, since a lotion is about 70% water, it can be a fertile breeding ground for bacteria. So you need a preservative or ... They all have some form of alkane, fatty alcohol, water, silicone, and preservative - in other words a synthetic chemical soup ...
Intravenous fat emulsion (IFE) is a potential therapy for lipophilic drug overdose. IFE stability with drugs commonly used in ... Commercially available IFEs such as Intralipid®, are an oil-in-water emulsion consisting of one or more triglyceride containing ... in-water emulsion leading to fat emboli, similar considerations should be taken when administration occurs in a toxicologic ... Table 1: Intravenous lipid emulsion and medication admixture PFAT5 findings at time 0 and time 1 hour. PFAT5: Percent of fat ...
Since mineral oil does not absorb water and does not conduct electricity, it is used in numerous mechanical and industrial ... swelling of the mouth and face when taken as a mineral oil emulsion. ...
... emulsion silicone coatings can be used in thermal-cure solventless release coatings and water-based silicone release coatings. ... Expand your options with SYL-OFF™ emulsion-based silicone release coatings. With SYL-OFF™ emulsion silicone coatings from Dow, ... SYL-OFF™ Emulsion Platinum-Catalyzed Coatings. *. Ideal for uncoated papers, such as uncoated krafts, boards, and greaseproof ... Depending on your application, Dows emulsion-based release coating systems can be further formulated with the following ...
Conversely, the salt water emulsions sometimes exhibit lower stability than do the fresh water emulsions. In those instances ... or it can even be sea water. The water phase can also be added as a water base mud thus permitting conversion of existing water ... WATER PHASE The water used in preparing the emulsion of this invention can be of almost any type found in the vicinity of ... However, this material per se (not in a soap form) can in and of itself stabilize a water-in-oil emulsion. While the emulsion ...
Water-in-water (W/W) emulsion is a system that consists of droplets of water-solvated molecules in another continuous aqueous ... This water-in-water emulsion consists of liquid crystals suspended as water-solvated droplets dispersed in a solution of ... and the water phase contains certain polymers. In comparison, this water-in-water emulsion consists of Polymer-Dispersed ... Recently, such a water-in-water emulsion was demonstrated to exist and be stable from coalescence by the separation of ...
... water-in-oil emulsions, mousse, emulsion breakers Keywords:. oil spills, emulsions, water-in-oil emulsions, mousse, emulsion ... Broken emulsions will form a foam-like material, called "rag", which retains water which is not part of the stable emulsions. ... Broken emulsions will form a foam-like material, called "rag", which retains water which is not part of the stable emulsions. ... The physics and chemistry of water-in-oil emulsions dominate the development of effectiveness tests. Emulsions are variable in ...
The emulsion is useful in papermaking, treatment of sewage and industrial wastes, drilling muds and secondary and tertiary ... a water-in-oil emulsifying agent and an inverting surfactant. An example of a copolymer is a copolymer of (1) a nonionic vinyl ... An amphoteric water-in-oil self-inverting polymer emulsion is prepared which contains a copolymer of (1) a nonionic vinyl ... emulsifying the water phase in the oil phase to prepare a water-in-oil emulsion, homogenizing the water-in-oil emulsion, ...
... or even tried Preparing a pharmaceutical emulsion,preparing a pharmaceutical emulsion, this is for you.... ... Simply freeze the water and suck the gas out as it thaws. Then add oil and mix as a standard emulsion. However, if you are at ... It has been asked whether boiling water would yield the same result. I would say yes. It has also been mentioned that water is ... Preparing a pharmaceutical emulsion. Vinaigrette. salad dressing. Phospholipid bilayer. Mending Sump. vacuum pump. Why does my ...
... m37 Water-Full Rebalancing Emulsion 120ml at YesStyle.com! Quality products at remarkable prices. FREE Worldwide Shipping ... South KoreaEmulsionsu:m37120mlRebalancingWater-fullSumFacial TonerFace Creams & Moisturizerssum: 37s:um37s:um 37s:um 3 7su:m 3 ... su:m37 - Water-Full Rebalancing Emulsion 120ml Final Clearance Spring Festival Mini & Travel Size Quantity Discount More from ...
... and the emulsion separates into a water phase and an oil phase, and (F) recovering the oil phase from the water phase. ... More particularly, the process of the present invention comprises the steps of (A) introducing said emulsion into a vessel in ... maintaining said pressure for a period of time sufficient to effect the replacement of at least some of the oil in the emulsion ... reducing the pressure on the two-phase system whereby hydrocarbon dissolved in the emulsion is vaporized, ...
In another aspect of the invention slurries are formed for fuel purposes utilizing coal particles with hydrocarbons and water ... and the aforesaid agent and material to achieve a stable combination or non-combustible materials with water alone or in ... The first aspect of the invention involves stable emulsions of hydrocarbons and water using a combination of a low molecular ... Process and apparatus for dissolving water soluble polymers and gums in water involving inversion of water-in-oil emulsions. ...
... an oil phase present in the amount of from about 5 to about 20 percent by weight of the total emulsion composition which ... Skin care compositions comprising an oil-in-water emulsion base containing retinoids and possessing good physical and chemical ... With respect to the form of the emulsion, oil-in-water emulsions have been preferred in that, as compared to water-in-oil ... Additionally, there are provided herein oil-in-water emulsions having novel emulsification systems. The oil-in-water emulsion ...
... usually oil-in-water emulsions, have been widely applied to the preparation of hydrophobic drug carriers. However, the ... Emulsions, usually oil-in-water emulsions, have been widely applied to the preparation of hydrophobic drug carriers. However, ... Pang B, Liu H, Liu PW, Peng XW, Zhang K (2018) Water-in-oil Pickering emulsions stabilized by stearoylated microcrystalline ... Polymer microsphere for water-soluble drug delivery via carbon dot-stabilizing W/O emulsion. ...
... ... Polysaccharide-based microspheres of chitosan, starch, and alginate were prepared by the water-in-oil emulsion solvent ... Blue dextran was used as a water-soluble biomacromolecular drug model. Scanning electron microscopy showed sizes of the ...
This study covers the world outlook for industrial and institutional water-emulsion floor polish across more than 190 countries ... Industrial and institutional water-emulsion floor polish is specifically defined as follows:. 3256127161 Floor polish, water ... In order to estimate the latent demand for industrial and institutional water-emulsion floor polish on a worldwide basis, I ... Given this caveat, this study covers industrial and institutional water-emulsion floor polish as defined by the North American ...
Oil-in-water emulsion lotion providing controlled release using 2-methacryloyloxyethyl phosphorylcholine n-butyl methacrylate ... Oil-in-water emulsion lotion providing controlled release using 2-methacryloyloxyethyl phosphorylcholine n-butyl methacrylate ... Oil-in-water emulsion lotion providing controlled release using 2-methacryloyloxyethyl phosphorylcholine n-butyl methacrylate ... Oil-in-water emulsion lotion providing controlled release using 2-methacryloyloxyethyl phosphorylcholine n-butyl methacrylate ...
Fabrication of Polymer Microsphere Particle Standards Containing Trace Explosives Using an Oil/Water Emulsion Solvent ...
Standard Test Method for Pigment Content of Water-Emulsion Paints by Low-Temperature Ashing , low-temperature ashing, pigment ... Standard Test Method for Pigment Content of Water-Emulsion Paints by Low-Temperature Ashing. Active Standard ASTM D3723 , ... ASTM D3723-05(2017), Standard Test Method for Pigment Content of Water-Emulsion Paints by Low-Temperature Ashing, ASTM ... 1.2 Many water-based paints contain pigments and organic colorants that lose water of hydration or decompose at this ...
... surfactants to stabilize such emulsions are scarce. Here we present a novel class of fluorosurfactants that we synthesize by ... Drops of water-in-fluorocarbon emulsions have great potential for compartmentalizing both in vitro and in vivo biological ... for water-in-. fluorocarbon. emulsions C. Holtze,*a A. C. Rowat,a J. J. Agresti,a J. B. Hutchison,b F. E. Angilè,ac C. H. J. ... for water-in-. fluorocarbon. emulsions C. Holtze, A. C. Rowat, J. J. Agresti, J. B. Hutchison, F. E. Angilè, C. H. J. Schmitz, ...
As a result, a conventional waterflood is often unsuccessful because the injected water tends to channel into the mor ... Abstract Many light and medium gravity oil reservoirs have an underlying contiguous water zone, in communication with the oil ... The most successful strategy was to use a 10% quality oilin- water emulsion as a blocking agent, and a polymer solution as the ... Combined Polymer and Emulsion Flooding Methods for Oil Reservoirs With a Water Leg ...
... is the cross-flow filtration of an oil-in-water emulsion. In this case, a hydrophilic grafted polyvinylpyrrolidone (PVP) brush ... These extended grafted chains preferentially allow the passage of water over oil, producing a permeate stream with a lower ... membranes with unique properties for certain water treatment applications. One application envisioned for these CSP membranes, ... Treatment of Oil in Water Emulsions by Ceramic-Supported Polymeric Membranes. A novel membrane was developed by growing ...
... to form the emulsion. In preferred embodiments, osmolality of the emulsion is controlled by glycerol rather than normal saline ... For hepatocyte-selective delivery, the emulsion is chylomicron remnant-like by being in a size range of 50 to 200 nm as ... Use of cholesterol in the emulsion formula facilitates association of apolipoproteins, especially Apo E which are recognized by ... can be incorporated into the lipophilic core of a lipoprotein-like emulsion particle. The lipophilic core is surrounded by a ...
Aqueous CS solution and ethyl ace- tate were used as water and oil phases, respectively. Genipin was used as a cross-linker. ... microparticles with and without cross-linking were prepared by a water-in-oil emulsion solvent diffusion method without any ... Chitosan (CS) microparticles with and without cross-linking were prepared by a water-in-oil emulsion solvent diffusion method ... Preparation and characterization of genipin-cross-linked chitosan microparticles by water-in-oil emulsion solvent diffusion ...
Photographs of various oil-in-water emulsions before and after filtration. Summary of various emulsions and their composition. ... Tummons EN, Jia WC, Fane AG, Tarabara VV (2017) Ultrafiltration of saline oil-in-water emulsions stabilized by an anionic ... Chaudhary JP, Vadodariya N, Sanna KN, Meena R (2015) Chitosan-based aerogel membrane for robust oil-in-water emulsion ... Rajasekhar T, Trinadh M, Babu PV, Sainath AVS, Reddy AVR (2015) Oil-water emulsion separation using ultrafiltration membranes ...
  • The USP chapter 729 describes two methods: light-scattering method for determining mean droplet size of lipid emulsions, and light obscuration or extinction for measurement of large globule content. (symbiosisonlinepublishing.com)
  • Many heretofore known invert emulsions have been sensitive to at least one or more contaminants and have exhibited a tendency to flip to the oil-in-water type of emulsion or to degrade in desirable properties, such as fluid loss or viscosity. (google.co.uk)
  • 5) Rheological properties: The invert emulsion should have viscosity and gel strength characteristics suitable for its intended use and controllable by addition of oil or water or by simple chemical treatment. (google.co.uk)
  • Measurements of water content and viscosity measurements show correlation to emulsion stability. (astm.org)
  • Viscosity provides a more reliable measure of emulsion stability but water content measurements are more convenient and are largely used in this study. (astm.org)
  • In particular, the interaction between the size distribution of oil droplets, the viscosity of emulsions and the terminal velocity of spheres has been investigated in the Reynolds number range ∼10 to ∼100. (edu.au)
  • Superior high water containing oil continuous microemulsions and emulsions for cleaning contain defined amounts of water, one or more ionic surfactants, and one or more organic solvents so that the compositions have a low conductivity and low viscosity. (patents.com)
  • Higher crossflow velocity and lower oil feed concentration decrease the fouling propensity regardless the type of oil used, meanwhile higher viscosity slows down oil emulsion movement on the membrane surface, and bidispersity of the oil emulsion also affects the fouling mechanism. (ntu.edu.sg)
  • Overprint Varnish V800 anti-wet viscosity free sample below 400g Water Based Overprint Varnish High gloss & High wear-resistance Description: milky white semi-transparent liquid. (opencroquet.org)
  • A CFD model has been developed that fits laminar data of both suspensions and stabilized water-in-oil emulsions using a relative viscosity model. (aiche.org)
  • An amphoteric water-in-oil self-inverting polymer emulsion is prepared which contains a copolymer of (1) a nonionic vinyl monomer and (2) an amphoteric vinyl monomer or a terpolymer of (1) a nonionic vinyl monomer, (2) an anionic vinyl monomer and (3) a cationic vinyl monomer in the aqueous phase, a hydrocarbon oil for the oil phase, a water-in-oil emulsifying agent and an inverting surfactant. (google.com)
  • In this study, we used atorvastatin as a model drug to prepare a phospholipid complex prodrug system to upgrade its lipophilicity and further developed a drug loaded submicron emulsion to improve its in vivo bioavailability. (figshare.com)
  • The mean particle size and zeta potential of submicron emulsion were 122.7 nm and −22.7 mV. (figshare.com)
  • Intestinal absorption of atorvastatin from submicron emulsion was significantly improved compared with free drug, and the absorption rate constant ( K a ) and apparent permeability coefficients ( P app ) increase 2.88-fold and 2.45-fold, respectively. (figshare.com)
  • In vivo pharmacodynamics results revealed that atorvastatin submicron emulsion showed excellent antihyperlipidemia efficacy by reducing the total cholesterol, triglyceride, and low density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-cholesterol) levels and simultaneously increasing the high density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-cholesterol) level in comparison with Lipitor. (figshare.com)
  • In conclusion, drug-phospholipid complex loaded submicron emulsion was a promising oral delivery system for improving in vivo absorption behavior and therapeutic efficacy for water-insoluble drugs. (figshare.com)
  • In particular, the invention relates to the use of submicron emulsion of the "oil-in-water adjuvant vaccine to enhance the immunogenicity of antigens. (russianpatents.com)
  • The present invention relates to compositions of submicron emulsion oil-in-water", vaccine compositions containing the antigen included in such emulsions, and to methods for producing emulsions and vaccines. (russianpatents.com)
  • If the emulsion surface begins to run in a smeary mass down the surface of the screen, you used too much photo emulsion in the coating process. (ehow.com)
  • Objective] The aim was to discuss the effect of preparing nano-plant sterol ester by oil-in-water micro emulsion method. (cnki.com.cn)
  • Can a simple micro-emulsion be made with everclear, lecithin, olive oil, and water? (healthtap.com)
  • To solve this problem, Tween 20 and soybean oleic acid, which are harmless and economical, was chosen to prepare a green micro-emulsion. (edu.au)
  • The O/W zone in pseudo-ternary diagram of micro-emulsion was determined through measuring the conductivity of samples with variable water content. (edu.au)
  • The distribution of micro-emulsion structure in pseudo ternary phase diagrams was investigated. (edu.au)
  • This can be useful to instruct people to produce O/W micro-emulsion using Soybean Oleic Oil, Tween 20 and absolute ethanol. (edu.au)
  • Although spectrophotometry, the commonly used approach for assessing water quality, quantifies the amount of oil present in the water it does not provide measurements of droplet size or distribution or give any insight into oil droplet behaviour during the reverse emulsion process. (laboratorytalk.com)
  • This w/w emulsion was generated when the different water-solvated molecular functional groups get segregated in an aqueous mixture consisting of polymer and liquid crystal molecules. (wikipedia.org)
  • Water-Based Adhesives Market Global Report 2020 from The Business Research Company provides the strategists, marketers and senior management with the critical information they need to assess the global water-based adhesives market. (radiantinsights.com)
  • These extended grafted chains preferentially allow the passage of water over oil, producing a permeate stream with a lower total organic carbon content compared to an unmodified membrane. (asce.org)
  • Studies regarding the membrane fouling due to oil in water emulsions are done by Direct Observation through Membrane (DOTM) in the microfiltration system to explore more understanding about the fouling. (ntu.edu.sg)
  • Interaction energy model reveals the physical understanding of the interaction between oil emulsion with the membrane surface during the fouling phenomenon. (ntu.edu.sg)
  • However, albumins, which are the predominant proteins in coconut skim milk, may be suitable for use as the surface-active proteins for making smaller emulsion droplets in coconut oil-in-water emulsions, but their concentration needs to be increased for use probably by membrane filtration or freeze drying after removal of some carbohydrates from coconut skim milk. (massey.ac.nz)
  • This water-in-water emulsion consists of liquid crystals suspended as water-solvated droplets dispersed in a solution of polymer whose solvent is also water. (wikipedia.org)
  • The liquid crystal component of the emulsion is disodium cromolyn glycate (DSCG). (wikipedia.org)
  • Unlike conventional lyotropic liquid crystals which consist of oily molecules such as 5CB, DSCG molecules are not amphiphilic, but entirely water-soluble. (wikipedia.org)
  • This w/w emulsion also represents a new class of polymer dispersed liquid crystals(PDLC). (wikipedia.org)
  • In comparison, this water-in-water emulsion consists of Polymer-Dispersed Lyotropic Liquid Crystals, where the lyotropic liquid crystal is DSCG molecules solvated in water. (wikipedia.org)
  • The water-in-water emulsion of polymer-dispersed lyotropic liquid crystals has the potential for building highly bio-functional materials because of its compatibility with protein structure. (wikipedia.org)
  • 8. An emulsion as claimed in claim 7, in which said oil component consists of a liquid vegetable oil consisting essentially of triglycerides containing several unsaturated aliphatic hydrocarbon groups or synthetic ester oils having at least onebranched alkyl group obtained by reacting a branched or linear higher fatty acid with a branched or linear higher alcohol. (patentgenius.com)
  • Highly concentrated emulsions are used in a variety of applications, including the cosmetics, food and liquid explosives industries. (scielo.org.za)
  • The flow or rheological properties of liquid explosives (highly concentrated water-in-oil emulsions) are well described and are of practical importance in their application in open-cast mining. (scielo.org.za)
  • High intense ultrasound waves are coupled into the liquid medium (fuel-water mixture) and create droplet sizes in the nano range and allow to produce two-phase water-in-oil emulsions and three-phase oil-in-water-in-oil emulsions. (hielscher.com)
  • The invention relates to liquid formulations of insecticides, in particular pyrethroids, in the form of oil-in-water (EW) emulsions, to a process for the production of such EW formulations and to their use for pest control. (allindianpatents.com)
  • Liquid products are easily dosed prior to incorporation into water and are readily dispersed and diluted upon addition in the spray tank. (allindianpatents.com)
  • Terminal Sterilization, Sodium Chloride Injection Sterilization, Infusion Liquid Sterilization manufacturer / supplier in China, offering Fat Emulsion Super Water Sterilizer, Wdg Production Line, Agrichemicals Wdg Production Line and so on. (made-in-china.com)
  • In order to obtain a homogenous heat transmission and to avoid coagulation in certain liquid loads such as amino acids,fat emulsions etc,the sterilizer can be provided with a rotating cage assembly which is specially constructed to guide and support the loading carts whilst they are rotated in the chamber. (made-in-china.com)
  • a milky liquid prepared by mixing eg oil and water. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • water is usually one of the component and other is an oil or liquid insoluble in water. (scribd.com)
  • Emulsion is composed of water and other is an oil or liquid insoluble in water. (scribd.com)
  • In contrast, this phenomenon was not observed in emulsions made from CM. The formation and properties of coconut milk ice creams differing in the concentration of CSM proteins, as well as ratios of solid fat-to-liquid oil (blends of coconut oil and sunflower oil) were also investigated. (massey.ac.nz)
  • In providing any commercially suitable invert emulsion system, there are several objectives which desirably should be attained. (google.co.uk)
  • The study concluded that FlowCam was eminently suitable for analysing oil in water produced in this fashion, being speedy, comprehensive and only requiring a small amount of sample. (laboratorytalk.com)
  • Differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) is a suitable method for studying the behaviour of emulsions submitted to a temperature gradient. (scielo.org.za)
  • This class of emulsion has no charge and an ethoxylated nonyl phenol or alcohol is the most suitable choice ( with an ethoxylation degree of 9-10 moles EO ) although a small amount of saponifying agent is also incorporated. (marcusoil.com)
  • Typically, these dosage forms contain a solution of the active ingredient in a suitable solvent, a suspension of the active ingredient in the substance, which is not a solvent, or a multiphase dispersion or emulsion, in which the solution of the active ingredient dispersed in some of the continuous phase or in which the solubilized active ingredient extending t is the continuous phase. (russianpatents.com)
  • The material shall consist of a solution of technical flusilazole (complying with FAO specification requirements) in suitable solvents emulsified in water and with other necessary added formulants. (nzdl.org)
  • The ultrasonic emulsion fuel production can be securely controlled via PC or browser control , whilst the two separate feeding streams of water and fuel allow for an accurate dosage of the water-fuel ratio and the regulation/ adaption of the fuel mixture during operation in accordance to the current engine load/ speed. (hielscher.com)
  • In another aspect it relates to compositions and methods for forming invert emulsions having very high tolerance towards clay solids and other contaminants. (google.co.uk)
  • Oil droplet size, oil/solids concentration, and particle size distribution were all measured in the water generated during oil extraction before and after REB treatment at 1 hour and 4-hour intervals. (laboratorytalk.com)
  • In one embodiment, the emulsion is positively charged and further comprises a cationic halogen-containing compound having a C.sub.12 -C.sub.16 chain as a positive charge producing agent. (justia.com)
  • In another embodiment, the emulsion is negatively charged and further comprises an negative charge producing agent having a C.sub.12 -C.sub.22 chain. (justia.com)
  • The droplets of these emulsions comprise a super-cooled aqueous solution of ammonium nitrate salt dispersed in a paraffin-based dispersant, which results in a thermodynamically unstable system. (scielo.org.za)
  • The ultrasonic homogenizers can be installed directly before the injection pump so that the homogeneous water-fuel emulsion can be injected immediately into the engine and the storage of the fuel emulsion is avoided. (hielscher.com)
  • De-gassing water is an easy industrial process . (everything2.com)
  • The process may be used with emulsions or solutions which have previously been processed by ultra or micro filtration. (patents.com)
  • Results: During the emulsion process, contact of ranibizumab with the water-oil interface is the main destabilizing factor and this can be prevented with the use of amphiphilic PVA and solid-state protein in WOW and SOW emulsion respectively. (ntu.edu.sg)
  • From converting digested sludge to a cake in a wastewater process to performing coagulation prior to sedimentation in water treatment, Metcon has the right polymer feed solution for you. (metconeng.com)
  • This sterilizer is designed especially to sterilize fluids in sealed containers using a spray water system.This process has the advantage of excellent cycle time vastly reducing conventional cooling periods for fluids loads. (made-in-china.com)
  • The exposure process works like this: The emulsion responds to the UV rays of the sun. (ehow.com)
  • These lipid structures are formed as a result of hydrophobic forces which drive apolar residues (i.e., long hydrocarbon chains) away from water. (justia.com)
  • The reactions carried out in water, however, usually lead to PK with higher molecular weight in comparison to the polymer obtained in methanol as a solvent [19- (scirp.org)
  • 2) Compatibility with conventional drilling muds: The invert emulsion system is preferably basic in nature so that it is compatible with basic (e.g. lime base) muds. (google.co.uk)
  • Ive tried cocoa butter lotion, hair grease, hair oil, drink plenty of water but my skin still looks dry. (healthtap.com)
  • In general, the method utilizes a volatile solvent which is liquefied under pressure and forms a two-phase system when in contact with the emulsion. (google.ca)
  • Polysaccharide-based microspheres of chitosan, starch, and alginate were prepared by the water-in-oil emulsion solvent diffusion method for use as drug carriers. (hindawi.com)
  • One application envisioned for these CSP membranes, in which the selectivity is influenced by interactions between the solvent and the grafted polymer, is the cross-flow filtration of an oil-in-water emulsion. (asce.org)
  • Chitosan (CS) microparticles with and without cross-linking were prepared by a water-in-oil emulsion solvent diffusion method without any surfactants. (scirp.org)
  • Karnchanajindanun, J. , Srisa-ard, M. , Srihanam, P. and Baimark, Y. (2010) Preparation and characterization of genipin-cross-linked chitosan microparticles by water-in-oil emulsion solvent diffusion method. (scirp.org)
  • On regard to the solvent, methanol is the most widely used even though water, which represents the ideal choose in terms of sustainability, is used too. (scirp.org)
  • In some papers it is reported, however, the use of water-insolvable Pd(II) complexes in reactions carried out in emulsion copolymerization (productivity ca. 650 g/ (gPd·h) of PK) , or by using acetic or formic acid as a co-solvent (ca. 26,000 g/(gPd·h) of PK) . (scirp.org)
  • Electric Motor Varnish Water Based Industrial Paint Acrylic Resins Car Paint Clear Product description Solvent based acrylic coating resin is polymerized by special polymerization technology with various kinds of special acrylic monomers. (opencroquet.org)
  • Demulsification-comparison test results between CFA and a commercial demulsifier (poloxamer 407) using the same concentration and under room temperature showed that CFA was capable of separating water better than this commercial demulsifier. (onepetro.org)
  • More importantly, the separated water at these elevated temperatures was clearer and contained fewer oil floccules than the separated water phase observed during demulsification tests conducted under room-temperature (25°C) conditions. (onepetro.org)
  • Crystallisation of the emulsions was initiated by exposing the emulsions to a low temperature. (scielo.org.za)
  • The injected water reduces the local adiabatic combustion temperature. (hielscher.com)
  • restrict the movement of water in the frozen product and thus minimizes the potential for formation of large crystal during the temperature fluctuations. (scribd.com)
  • In addition, new fossil fuel products, such as oil-in-water emulsions, are rapidly appearing on the market, and need to be tested as to their environmental fate following a potential spill in the ocean. (asce.org)
  • The use of water-in-fuel emulsions is a rapidly expanding due to tightened environmental regulations and the tougher competition in the transportation market. (hielscher.com)