Ethics, Pharmacy: The principles of proper professional conduct concerning the rights and duties of the pharmacist, relations with patients and fellow practitioners, as well as actions of the pharmacist in health care and interpersonal relations with patient families. (From Stedman, 25th ed)Water: A clear, odorless, tasteless liquid that is essential for most animal and plant life and is an excellent solvent for many substances. The chemical formula is hydrogen oxide (H2O). (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)Ethics, Medical: The principles of professional conduct concerning the rights and duties of the physician, relations with patients and fellow practitioners, as well as actions of the physician in patient care and interpersonal relations with patient families.Ethics, Research: The moral obligations governing the conduct of research. Used for discussions of research ethics as a general topic.Ethics Committees: Committees established by professional societies, health facilities, or other institutions to consider decisions that have bioethical implications. The role of these committees may include consultation, education, mediation, and/or review of policies and practices. Committees that consider the ethical dimensions of patient care are ETHICS COMMITTEES, CLINICAL; committees established to protect the welfare of research subjects are ETHICS COMMITTEES, RESEARCH.Ethics: The philosophy or code pertaining to what is ideal in human character and conduct. Also, the field of study dealing with the principles of morality.Ethics Consultation: Services provided by an individual ethicist (ETHICISTS) or an ethics team or committee (ETHICS COMMITTEES, CLINICAL) to address the ethical issues involved in a specific clinical case. The central purpose is to improve the process and outcomes of patients' care by helping to identify, analyze, and resolve ethical problems.Ethics, Clinical: The identification, analysis, and resolution of moral problems that arise in the care of patients. (Bioethics Thesaurus)Ethics, Nursing: The principles of proper professional conduct concerning the rights and duties of nurses themselves, their patients, and their fellow practitioners, as well as their actions in the care of patients and in relations with their families.Ethics Committees, Research: Hospital or other institutional committees established to protect the welfare of research subjects. Federal regulations (the "Common Rule" (45 CFR 46)) mandate the use of these committees to monitor federally-funded biomedical and behavioral research involving human subjects.Research: Critical and exhaustive investigation or experimentation, having for its aim the discovery of new facts and their correct interpretation, the revision of accepted conclusions, theories, or laws in the light of newly discovered facts, or the practical application of such new or revised conclusions, theories, or laws. (Webster, 3d ed)Ethics Committees, Clinical: Hospital or other institutional ethics committees established to consider the ethical dimensions of patient care. Distinguish from ETHICS COMMITTEES, RESEARCH, which are established to monitor the welfare of patients or healthy volunteers participating in research studies.Ethics, Professional: The principles of proper conduct concerning the rights and duties of the professional, relations with patients or consumers and fellow practitioners, as well as actions of the professional and interpersonal relations with patient or consumer families. (From Stedman, 25th ed)Ethics, Institutional: The moral and ethical obligations or responsibilities of institutions.Water Supply: Means or process of supplying water (as for a community) usually including reservoirs, tunnels, and pipelines and often the watershed from which the water is ultimately drawn. (Webster, 3d ed)Principle-Based Ethics: An approach to ethics that focuses on theories of the importance of general principles such as respect for autonomy, beneficence/nonmaleficence, and justice.Ethical Theory: A philosophically coherent set of propositions (for example, utilitarianism) which attempts to provide general norms for the guidance and evaluation of moral conduct. (from Beauchamp and Childress, Principles of Biomedical Ethics, 4th ed)Ethicists: Persons trained in philosophical or theological ethics who work in clinical, research, public policy, or other settings where they bring their expertise to bear on the analysis of ethical dilemmas in policies or cases. (Bioethics Thesaurus)Bioethical Issues: Clusters of topics that fall within the domain of BIOETHICS, the field of study concerned with value questions that arise in biomedicine and health care delivery.Ethics, Dental: The principles of proper professional conduct concerning the rights and duties of the dentist, relations with patients and fellow practitioners, as well as actions of the dentist in patient care and interpersonal relations with patient families. (From Stedman, 25th ed)Ethical Analysis: The use of systematic methods of ethical examination, such as CASUISTRY or ETHICAL THEORY, in reasoning about moral problems.Bioethics: A branch of applied ethics that studies the value implications of practices and developments in life sciences, medicine, and health care.Ethical Review: A formal process of examination of patient care or research proposals for conformity with ethical standards. The review is usually conducted by an organized clinical or research ethics committee (CLINICAL ETHICS COMMITTEES or RESEARCH ETHICS COMMITTEES), sometimes by a subset of such a committee, an ad hoc group, or an individual ethicist (ETHICISTS).Fresh Water: Water containing no significant amounts of salts, such as water from RIVERS and LAKES.Body Water: Fluids composed mainly of water found within the body.Human Experimentation: The use of humans as investigational subjects.Research Support as Topic: Financial support of research activities.Morals: Standards of conduct that distinguish right from wrong.Research Design: A plan for collecting and utilizing data so that desired information can be obtained with sufficient precision or so that an hypothesis can be tested properly.Moral Obligations: Duties that are based in ETHICS, rather than in law.Research Personnel: Those individuals engaged in research.Beneficence: The state or quality of being kind, charitable, or beneficial. (from American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language, 4th ed). The ethical principle of BENEFICENCE requires producing net benefit over harm. (Bioethics Thesaurus)Acid Rain: Acidic water usually pH 2.5 to 4.5, which poisons the ecosystem and adversely affects plants, fishes, and mammals. It is caused by industrial pollutants, mainly sulfur oxides and nitrogen oxides, emitted into the atmosphere and returning to earth in the form of acidic rain water.Soil: The unconsolidated mineral or organic matter on the surface of the earth that serves as a natural medium for the growth of land plants.Trees: Woody, usually tall, perennial higher plants (Angiosperms, Gymnosperms, and some Pterophyta) having usually a main stem and numerous branches.Atmosphere: The gaseous envelope surrounding a planet or similar body. (From Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)Soil Microbiology: The presence of bacteria, viruses, and fungi in the soil. This term is not restricted to pathogenic organisms.Meteorological Concepts: The atmospheric properties, characteristics and other atmospheric phenomena especially pertaining to WEATHER or CLIMATE.Thermogravimetry: Technique whereby the weight of a sample can be followed over a period of time while its temperature is being changed (usually increased at a constant rate).Lens, Crystalline: A transparent, biconvex structure of the EYE, enclosed in a capsule and situated behind the IRIS and in front of the vitreous humor (VITREOUS BODY). It is slightly overlapped at its margin by the ciliary processes. Adaptation by the CILIARY BODY is crucial for OCULAR ACCOMMODATION.Cataract: Partial or complete opacity on or in the lens or capsule of one or both eyes, impairing vision or causing blindness. The many kinds of cataract are classified by their morphology (size, shape, location) or etiology (cause and time of occurrence). (Dorland, 27th ed)Crystallins: A heterogeneous family of water-soluble structural proteins found in cells of the vertebrate lens. The presence of these proteins accounts for the transparency of the lens. The family is composed of four major groups, alpha, beta, gamma, and delta, and several minor groups, which are classed on the basis of size, charge, immunological properties, and vertebrate source. Alpha, beta, and delta crystallins occur in avian and reptilian lenses, while alpha, beta, and gamma crystallins occur in all other lenses.Lens Nucleus, Crystalline: The core of the crystalline lens, surrounded by the cortex.Molecular Weight: The sum of the weight of all the atoms in a molecule.National Academy of Sciences (U.S.): A United States organization of distinguished scientists and engineers established for the purpose of investigating and reporting upon any subject of art or science as requested by any department of government. The National Research Council organized by NAS serves as the principal operating agency to stimulate and support research.Planning Techniques: Procedures, strategies, and theories of planning.Planets: Celestial bodies orbiting around the sun or other stars.Earth (Planet): Planet that is the third in order from the sun. It is one of the four inner or terrestrial planets of the SOLAR SYSTEM.Institute of Medicine (U.S.): Identifies, for study and analysis, important issues and problems that relate to health and medicine. The Institute initiates and conducts studies of national policy and planning for health care and health-related education and research; it also responds to requests from the federal government and other agencies for studies and advice.Neuropsychology: A branch of psychology which investigates the correlation between experience or behavior and the basic neurophysiological processes. The term neuropsychology stresses the dominant role of the nervous system. It is a more narrowly defined field than physiological psychology or psychophysiology.Academies and Institutes: Organizations representing specialized fields which are accepted as authoritative; may be non-governmental, university or an independent research organization, e.g., National Academy of Sciences, Brookings Institution, etc.
Fouts, R. S., Fouts, D. H. and Waters, G. (2002). The ethics and efficacy of chimpanzees in HIV research. In A. Fuentes and L. ... Chimpanzee and Human Communication Institute Washoe (chimpanzee) Loulis Mary Lee Jensvold Roger Fouts The Chimpanzee and Human ... the first non-human to acquire a human language, and three other chimpanzees who use the signs of American Sign Language to ... Recent research at CHCI focused on the private signing of the chimpanzees, imaginary play and signing, chimpanzee to chimpanzee ...
49-57 Embryonic stem cell research and the moral status of human embryos, Holm S, Reproductive Biomedicine Online, 10 (Sup 1) ( ... He also serves as editor of the Journal of Medical Ethics. Holm holds a master's degree in health care ethics from the ... 16-26 Like a Frog in Boiling Water: The Public, The HFEA and Sex Selection, Holm S, Health Care Analysis, 12 (1) (2004) 27-39 ... BMC Medical Ethics 2013, 14:3 (full-text version) Centre for Social Ethics and Policy, University of Manchester. ...
Antarctic Animal Ethics Committee Antarctic Ethics Committee (Human Experimentation) Antarctic Research Assessment Committees ( ... After the 2010 federal election, the portfolio was subsumed by the Sustainability, Environment, Water, Population and ... Heritage and Water, or any precedent titles: Notes 1 Whitlam was one of a two-man ministry consisting of himself and Lance ... Water, Population and Communities) to develop and implement national policy, programs and legislation to protect and conserve ...
... human health UNESCO/Sultan Qaboos Prize for Environmental Preservation Great Man-Made River International Water Prize for Water ... Martí Prize UNESCO/Avicenna Prize for Ethics in Science UNESCO/Juan Bosch Prize for the Promotion of Social Science Research in ... UNESCO Prize for Human Rights Education UNESCO/Obiang Nguema Mbasogo International Prize for Research in the Life Sciences ( ... Education: UNESCO supports research in comparative education; and provide expertise and fosters partnerships to strengthen ...
... the Special Permanent Committee on Research and Technology, the Special Permanent Committee on Equality, Youth and Human Rights ... and the Special Permanent Committee on Parliamentary Ethics. In addition, there are the following subcommittees to the special ... permanent committees: The Special Permanent Committee on Environmental Protection has a subcommittee on water resources, the ... In 1911, a revision of the constitution resulted in stronger human rights, the reinforcement of the Rule of Law and the ...
Fouts, Roger S.; Fouts, Deborah H. & Waters, G. (2002) "The ethics and efficacy of biomedical research in chimpanzees with ... Animal testing International primate trade Non-human primate experiments FAQ, The Chimpanzee and Human Communication Institute ... He has written on animal law and on the ethics of animal testing. He is also an adviser to the Oxford Centre for Animal Ethics ... He was co-founder and co-director of the Chimpanzee and Human Communication Institute (CHCI) in Washington, and a professor of ...
Slurry impoundments Water (depletion) - Anoxic waters • Aral Sea • California Water Wars • Dead Sea • Lake Chad • Water ... This is an alphabetical list of environmental issues, harmful aspects of human activity on the biophysical environment. As such ... Trail ethics • Urban heat island • Urban sprawl Nanotechnology - Impact of nanotechnology Natural disasters Nuclear issues - ... topics Lists of environmental topics List of environmental organisations topics Environmental Issues and Research Topics , ...
... and water law in Canada. Ongoing research includes legal and policy issues in the areas of forestry, water resource management ... environmental ethics, pollution control, waste management, environmental impact law, intellectual property, human rights law ... Alberta Civil Liberties Research Centre The Alberta Civil Liberties Research Centre, founded by Sheldon M. Chumir, was ... The Research Centre receives core funding from the Alberta Law Foundation and project funding from private foundations as well ...
Ethics Resource Center, a non-profit research organization based in Arlington, Virginia European Referendum Campaign, a ... ERC (organization), an American human resource service organization Esquerra Republicana de Catalunya (Republican Left of ... and water to produce materials conventionally obtained from the thermochemical processing of fossil fuels Energy Release ... San Diego Electronics Research Center, a former NASA research facility Electoral Reform Coalition, a New Zealand group ...
Senate Committee on Legislative Ethics Senate Committee on Natural Resources and Water Senate Natural Resources and Water ... 3 on Health and Human Services Senate Budget Subcommittee No. 4 on State Administration and General Government Senate Budget ... Joint Committee on Rules Joint Legislative Budget Joint Legislative Committee on Emergency Management Senate Office of Research ... on Governmental Organizations Senate Committee on Governance and Finance Senate Committee on Health Senate Committee on Human ...
Accountability in Research - Associate Editor Science, Technology, & Human Values - Editorial Advisory Board Member Journal of ... He has written and commented on genetically modified foods, water fluoridation, environmental health, global warming, and other ... Medicine Advisory Group on Competing Interests and Publication Ethics National Institutes of Health - former member (1978-1981 ... He is a fellow of the Hastings Center, an independent bioethics research institution. Krimsky received his bachelor's and ...
... the American Federation for Medical Research's Nellie Westerman Prize for Research in Ethics; an American College of Physicians ... Lurie was also appointed to oversee the federal response to the Flint water crisis. While serving as assistant secretary at HHS ... at the United States Department of Health and Human Services (HHS). The mission of Lurie's office is to "lead the nation in ... Lurie has received a number of awards, including the Association for Health Services Research's Young Investigator Award; the ...
... emphasizing community water resources, human rights, refugee resettlement, and humanitarian intervention. He is a noted author ... His doctoral research was conducted in Irian Jaya (now Papua), Indonesia, in 1973/1974 on issues of socio-economic and socio- ... Ethics, Practice, and Professional Identity (Left Coast Press, 2012). Humanitarians in Hostile Territory: Expeditionary ... ISBN 9781598744446 Forced to Flee: Human Rights and Human Wrongs in Refugee Homelands (Lexington, 2006). Recipient of a CHOICE ...
Fundamental human needs such as the availability and quality of air, water, food and shelter are also the ecological ... So, one can try to appeal to the ethics of the situation by doing the right thing as an individual, but in the absence of any ... Research and innovation in Europe is financially supported by the programme Horizon 2020, which is also open to participation ... The total environment includes not just the biosphere of earth, air, and water, but also human interactions with these things, ...
FDA, "Human Research Subject Protections Under Multiple Project Assurance (MPA) M-1356 and Federalwide Assurance FWA-2636", ... Atwood, Kimball, Science-Based Medicine, "The Ethics of "CAM" Trials: Gonzo (Part I)". Accessed 11 July 2012. Teekachunhatean, ... "Rectal burn caused by hot-water coffee enema". Gastrointestinal Endoscopy. 68 (5): 1008-1009. doi:10.1016/j.gie.2008.04.017. ...
DoC publish a "Caving care code" which is in turn based in part on the caving ethics of NZSS. The British Cave Research ... Speleothems grow as a result of water both on cave surfaces and the humidity of the cave air. Changes to these because of a ... Cave conservation is the protection and restoration of caves to prevent or minimise the effects of human activities. Some caves ... Butler Cave Conservation Society Cave Research Foundation Southeastern Cave Conservancy The National Cave Research and ...
Human rights and ethics, Gender equality and mainstreaming, Human and Socio-economic Development and Good Governance; Growth ... Global Health, Population and Sustainable Livelihoods; Global health, Safe water and sanitation, Food and nutrition for human ... Iceland Akino Memorial Research Fellowship United Nations Institute for Training and Research United Nations University Press ... "UNU-INWEH - United Nations University Institute for Water, Environment and Health: The UN Think Tank on Water". UNU-INWEH. "unu ...
For instance, she has delved into the area of the "value" of such unquantifiables as clean air and clean water, needed in ... Recently, she has served on the boards of such publications as Futures Research Quarterly, The State of the Future Report, and ... business ethics news, environmentally friendly technology, good corporate citizenship and sustainable development by making ... tremendous abundance by humans and other living organisms. This work led to the development, with Calvert Group, of the Calvert ...
Anand is a member of the Research Area Panel of the National Institute of Immunology and sits in the Ethics Committee of the ... "Familial autosomal dominant reflex epilepsy triggered by hot water maps to 4q24-q28". Human Genetics. 126 (5): 677-683. doi: ... "Research Area Panel - NII". www.nii.res.in. 2018-01-12. Retrieved 2018-01-12. "Parkinson's and Ageing Research Foundation" (PDF ... an institution funded by the Government of Karnataka for promoting education and research in the field of human genetic ...
The term fossil water is sometimes used to describe aquifers whose water is not being recharged. Fisheries: At least one ... Human factors, however, have dominated the development of our perspective of the relationship between nature and society since ... Over the last decade monitoring these cycles has become a more urgent target for research: Auditing Sustainability auditing and ... The Institute of Business Ethics, London. "Sustainable Development Indicators for NGOs and Other Organization," David Lempert ...
... the Art and Science Collaborative Research Laboratory, School of Anatomy and Human Biology at the University of Western ... Similar to ethics like this, is the interest for artificial meat production due to reactions against the livestock sector ... sector as one of the most significant contributors to the most serious environmental problems like soil degradation and water ... Based on this, clothing can be explored as a tangible example of the relationship between humans and others, and how humans ...
To support the ethical screening process, the Council on Ethics works with RepRisk ESG Business Intelligence, a global research ... Faye, Kilburn (11 March 2014). "RepRisk Preps ESG Country-Sector Risk Matrixes". Waters Technology. Waters Technology. " ... "The Very Human Reality Of ESG Risk Laid Bare". Forbes. Retrieved 2016-05-09. "Corporate Sustainability Assessment - ... "Overview of ESG Rating Agencies" (PDF). Novethic Research. Novethic Research. Retrieved 24 July 2014. Adams, John (3 February ...
... ethics, integrity and anti-corruption and human rights Labour and Social Welfare Committee: Labour, trade union relations, ... water resource management, wildlife, mining and natural resources, pollution and waste management Education, Research and ... manpower or human resource planning, gender, culture and social welfare, youth, National Youth Service children's welfare; ... Technology Committee: Education, training, research and technological advancement Energy, Communication and Information ...
"A Compromise Solution in Water Resources Planning". Water Resources Management, Vol. 23, No 8, 2009, pp. 1549-1561.. ... In human relationships, "compromise" is frequently said to be an agreement with which no party is happy because the parties ... Research has indicated that suboptimal compromises are often the result of negotiators failing to realize when they have ... The problem of political compromise in general is an important subject in political ethics. Defining and finding the best ...
... and was a research fellow at the Hebrew University, Jerusalem. He was a research assistant to Aharon Barak, Justice (and later ... and should be replaced by an analysis based on a broadly Aristotelean account of human dignity ('Human Dignity in Bioethics and ... He holds a PhD in medical law and ethics from the University of Cambridge. He is a qualified veterinary surgeon. He was called ... Recent expeditions have included the Danakil Depression in Ethiopia, studying water metabolism in mules; ecological surveys in ...
The research for CAM has to meet certain standards from research ethics committees, which most CAM researchers find almost ... of Health and Human Services (US HHS). May 2002. Archived from the original on 2005-12-08. Retrieved 2006-07-11.. Cite journal ... which shows that repeated dilution as practiced in homeopathy produces only water, and that homeopathy is not scientifically ... Use of health and research resources. Research into alternative therapies has been criticized for "...diverting research time, ...
Research Ethics: COVID-19. Ethics of controlled human infection to address COVID-19 ... Vegetation water use is important because it not only influences system water budgets and determines water yield for human use ... Changes in forest water use. Changes in forest water use were estimated using both soil water volumes collected in zero-tension ... The two water worlds hypothesis: Ecohydrological separation of water between streams and trees? Wiley Interdiscip. Rev. Water 1 ...
Research ethics. * Research ethics. In Australia, any research involving humans must consider ethics. ... Detection of Secondary Irradiation Emitted by Water Lead researcher. J F Duncan, D M Sitharama-Rao ...
... hominis subtype IbA10G2 in human and environmental samples and consistently low numbers of oocysts in drinking water confirmed ... This risk can be minimized by optimizing control of raw water quality and employing multiple barriers that remove or inactivate ... Young age, number of infected family members, amount of water consumed daily, and gluten intolerance were identified as risk ... The current outbreak shows that use of inadequate microbial barriers at water treatment plants can have serious consequences ...
Fouts, R. S., Fouts, D. H. and Waters, G. (2002). The ethics and efficacy of chimpanzees in HIV research. In A. Fuentes and L. ... Chimpanzee and Human Communication Institute Washoe (chimpanzee) Loulis Mary Lee Jensvold Roger Fouts The Chimpanzee and Human ... the first non-human to acquire a human language, and three other chimpanzees who use the signs of American Sign Language to ... Recent research at CHCI focused on the private signing of the chimpanzees, imaginary play and signing, chimpanzee to chimpanzee ...
... placebo-controlled crossover human study to evaluate the effect of ingestion of natural mineral water extracted from a depth of ... VO2max was 9% higher after 4 h of recovery after rehydrating with DMW compared with plain water. Leg muscle power recovered ... slow phase of recovery and was significantly higher after 48 h of recovery after rehydrating with DMW compared with plain water ... mineralization was more effective in inducing recovery of aerobic capacity and leg muscle power compared with plain water ...
This research complied with the Helsinki Declaration and was approved by the Human Ethics Committee and the Research Ethics ... and rehydrated in gradients of high percentage ethanol to distilled water. For quenching endogenous peroxidase activity, ... Human breast carcinoma cell lines (MCF-7, MDA-MB-231, MDA-MB-453, MDA-MB-468, SK-BR-3, T47D) were provided by Cancer Research ... Written informed consent was obtained from each patient, and the study was approved by the Hospital Research Ethics Committee. ...
Alcohol Research and Health 25(1): 12-19.. 66. Fouts, R. S., Fouts, D. H. and Waters, G. (2002). The ethics and efficacy of ... Boyd Group Papers on The Use Of Non-Human Primates in Research and Testing June 2002 Paper 2: Empirical evidence on the moral ... biomedical research in chimpanzees with special regard to HIV research. In: A. Fuentes and L. Wolfe (Eds.). Primates human- ... American Journal of Human Genetics 61 (3): 481-48. 54. Stewart, C. B., and Disotell, T. R. (1998) Primate evolution in and out ...
This study was approved by the Australian National University Human Research Ethics Committee. Further details of the data ... and the Water Quality Study (WQS), a randomized controlled trial (conducted during 1997-1999) of household water treatment to ... Research. Foodborne Illness, Australia, Circa 2000 and Circa 2010 On This Page ... Many agents can cause foodborne illness; some of these agents are transmitted to humans by other routes as well as by food. ...
PhD in Philosophy and Ethics Philosophy PhD programs seek answers to basic questions that have humans have asked and continue ... The language then becomes a research tool for the dissertation.. PhD in Womens Studies. A PhD in Womens Studies puts the ... Todays PhD programs in Liberal Arts and Sciences might discuss ways to bring spirituality into leadership, water science, or ... Studies programs by their nature tend to draw content from several sources and may be rooted in human values and ethics. ...
The work was approved by the human research ethics committee at the University of Wollongong. Graphs were prepared using SPSS ... Free water in the human lens nucleus as a function of age calculated from TGA traces (n = 35). A value for free water was ... Free water in the human lens nucleus as a function of age calculated from TGA traces (n = 35). A value for free water was ... Free water in the human lens nucleus as a function of age calculated from TGA traces (n = 35). A value for free water was ...
The experimental protocol was approved by the Melbourne Health Human Research Ethics Committee (approval #2010.106) and ... 2003) Human cortical responses to water in the mouth, and the effects of thirst. J Neurophysiol 90(3):1865-1876. ... Author contributions: P.S., M.J.F., G.F.E., M.J.M., and D.A.D. designed research; P.S., M.J.F., and F.R.M.A. performed research ... It is a commonplace experience in humans that drinking water in response to thirst following fluid loss is a pleasant ...
3 Research Group of Microbiology, Department of Bioengineering Sciences, Vrije Universiteit Brussel, Brussels, Belgium ... Ethics approval Commissie medische ethiek UZ Leuven.. *. Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; internally peer reviewed. ... Water activity (aw) is a dimensionless variable that reflects the availability of water in a system (aw pure water=1). It ... Water activity is essential for enzymatic reactions, thus making it a key factor of selective pressure on microbial growth.5 ...
But creepiness aside, scientists do have two reasons for wading into these uncomfortable waters. ... The ethics of growing human-animal hybrids are unclear. ... efforts to revamp its reputation in biomedical research ethics ... The morality and ethics of growing human-animal hybrids are far from clear. But creepiness aside, scientists do have two ... Although the human-pig embryos survived, the transplant rate was extremely low: about 1 in 100,000 cells turned out to be human ...
In summary, water supply and educational level were the main factors associated with the presence of water-related diseases in ... Most of this population did not finish basic education (72.3%, N = 159). Only one of the communities had a water supply ( ... The presence of positive containers was associated with the absence of a drinking water supply (P = 0.04). The community with ... Reported cases of diarrhea were associated with low education levels (P = 2.37 × 10−9) and an unimproved drinking water supply ...
One unit (centimeter of water) decrease in water availability in the basin increased odds of above normal cholera by 24% ( ... TWS representing water availability showed an asymmetrical, strong association with cholera prevalence in the spring (τ = −0.53 ... With more than a decade of terrestrial water storage (TWS) data from the Gravity Recovery and Climate Experiment, conditions ... However, availability of data on water scarcity and abundance in transnational basins, are a prerequisite for developing ...
17 These studies were approved by the Human Research Ethics Committee of The University of Western Australia. ... but no correction for infant insensible water loss was made; therefore, milk production may be underestimated by 3% to 10%.18- ... Studies in human lactation: zinc, copper, manganese and chromium in human milk in the first month of lactation. Am J Clin Nutr. ... Variation in fat, lactose and protein in human milk over 24h and throughout the first year of lactation. Br J Nutr.2002;88 :29 ...
Ethics declarations. Competing interests. S.G.R., C.B.F. and K.C. are employees of Infectious Disease Research Institute ( ... "The use of non-human primates in research." Teklad 5038 Primate Diet was provided once daily by animal size and weight. The ... Fresh water was given ad libitum. Mamu-A*01-negative Indian-origin rhesus monkeys were housed at Bioqual, Inc., Rockville, MD. ... human VH4-59 and Vλ3-1 segments vs. other, endogenous murine VH and Vκ families utilized, in differential-sorted splenic IgG+ ...
... human activities have altered the physical characteristics of Earths surface. With Ea... ... Using our best judgment in conducting human research. Ethics & Behavior 14(4):297-304. ... Water Resources Research 41(10):12.. Wolf, A., ed. 2002. Conflict Prevention and Resolution in Water Systems. The Management of ... Water Resources Research 35:3865-3874.. Walsh, S. J., and K. A. Crews-Meyer, eds. 2002. Linking People, Place, and Policy: A ...
Ethics approval was obtained by the South Eastern Sydney Area Health Service Northern Network Human Research Ethics Committee ... with water temperature of 34°C, air temperature of 30°C and relative air humidity of 30%. Water-based exercise training ... Despite lung function restriction in water, no adverse events have been reported from a single exercise session in water and ... Water-based exercise in COPD with physical comorbidities: a randomised controlled trial. Renae J. McNamara, Zoe J. McKeough, ...
Thus, our aim was to identify the relationships between milk microbiota composition, bacterial load, macronutrients and human ... and human cells during lactation. Bacterial load was estimated in milk samples from a total of 21 healthy mothers through ... Human breast milk is considered the optimal nutrition for infants, providing essential nutrients and a broad range of bioactive ... Human breast milk is considered the optimal nutrition for infants, providing essential nutrients and a broad range of bioactive ...
... an overview of research focus and training, Environmental Sciences Europe" on DeepDyve, the largest online rental service for ... scholarly research with thousands of academic publications available at your fingertips. ... "Institute of hydraulic engineering and water resources management (RWTH Aachen University): ... Ethics approval and consent to participate Not applicable. Conclusion The importance of water-focussed research is expected ...
HUMAN: HISTORICAL ASPECTS••• In Western civilization, the idea of human experimentation, of evaluating the efficacy of a new ... Source for information on Research, Human: Historical Aspects: Encyclopedia of Bioethics dictionary. ... Scholars like Avicenna (980-1037) insisted that the experimentation must be done with the human body, for testing a drug on a ... Proceedings of Symposium on Research Ethics. New York: Alan Liss.. Bernard, Claude. 1927. An Introduction to the Study of ...
Doctors who helped the CIA torture Guantanamo Bay detainees violated medical ethics standards, according to a report released ... on nonconsenting human subjects. Thats a violation of a host of medical ethics standards, including the 1947 Nuremburg Medical ... The doctors, who recommended that the CIA use saline solution for water-boarding rather than regular water, are alleged to have ... The concentration camp research was just one aspect of an otherwise very successful Nazi science program. WWII-era German ...
d, e) Normalised food (d) and water (e) intake in 5- and 8-month-old mice. (f, g) Body composition data obtain from EchoMRI ... Act 1986 and following Animal Research: Reporting of In Vivo Experiments (ARRIVE) guidelines. The transgenic PLB4 and WT lines ... experiments were approved by the University of Aberdeen Ethics Board and performed in accordance with the Animal (Scientific ... Food and water intake adjusted to body weight were not affected (Fig. 1d,e). Despite the lean phenotype, adipose tissue mass ...
Ethics approval. The study was approved by the Human Research Ethics Committee of the Northern Territory Department of Health ... Geoff Isbister is supported by a National Health and Medical research Council Senior Research Fellowship (1061041). The study ... treated with hot water had clinically improved (absolute difference, hot water v icepacks, 9%; 95% CI, -22% to 39%; P = 0.75; ... Patients randomised to receiving hot water immersion were moved to a bath in the emergency department, filled with water that ...
BiomedicalExperimentationNational ResearcSanitationEcosystemsEthicalBioethics2000Embryo researchFluoridation2001PrimatesResearchersScarcityMurine and humanCellsBEINGSSpeciesFluoridePublic2002OversightConductScientistsStem cell resFactorsSoilEvaluateExperiments on humansStudySufficientCorrelationTissueECOLOGYProfessorMicrobiotaPollutionConcentrationEffectivenessBiotechnologyDisinfectionMethodsRapidlyUniversitySuggestsDefines19922018SignificantlySkeletalClinicalHygieneSustainabilityXenograftsConsumption of sprin
- The Foutses were very active in the Sanctuary movement to provide for chimpanzees used in and retired from the Air Force Space program and other biomedical research (see Animal Testing). (wikipedia.org)
- And despite efforts to revamp its reputation in biomedical research ethics, China does have slacker rules in primate research compared to Western countries. (singularityhub.com)
- The purpose is to create a shared public resource that researchers from all over can access to speed up the pace of biomedical research, and create new breakthroughs in the understanding and treatment of diseases. (eurekalert.org)
- However, the use of massive online databases in biomedical research has also created a number of privacy concerns. (eurekalert.org)
- Science__Insider also reports that the Humane Society has provided evidence that the New Iberia Center received an NIH grant of more than $6 million to provide the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases with several infant chimpanzees, which would violate the NIH's own moratorium on breeding chimps for biomedical research. (the-scientist.com)
- Most of us equate "ethics" in this situation with "bioethics" - the academic field whose specialists write articles, appear on television, teach courses, and advise hospitals and presidents about issues in medicine and biomedical research. (lifeissues.net)
- Bioethics was born in 1978, in a report by the National Commission for the Protection of Human Subjects of Biomedical and Behavioral Research, which had been mandated by Congress to identify basic ethical principles to guide research involving human subjects. (lifeissues.net)
- 5 Since the reputation, funding, and in some cases, the very viability of research groups, is dependent on achievement in the RAE, institutions have understandably scrutinised closely their research outputs, which, in the context of biomedical research, almost invariably equate with publications. (bmj.com)
- In Western civilization, the idea of human experimentation, of evaluating the efficacy of a new drug or procedure by outcomes, is an ancient one. (encyclopedia.com)
- Scholars like Avicenna (980-1037) insisted that "the experimentation must be done with the human body, for testing a drug on a lion or a horse might not prove anything about its effect on man" (Bull, p. 221). (encyclopedia.com)
- Human experimentation made its first significant impact on medical practice through the work of the English country physician Edward Jenner (1749-1823). (encyclopedia.com)
- For most of the nineteenth century, human experimentation throughout western Europe and the United States was a cottage industry, with individual physicians trying out one or another remedy on neighbors or relatives or on themselves. (encyclopedia.com)
- In the end, there was just too much careless- or shady-looking stuff going on for authorities to give these researchers unfettered access to humans, even human remains, for experimentation. (extremetech.com)
- The onset and escalation of World War II provided the rationalization for most of Germany's illegal human medical experimentation. (paulcraigroberts.org)
- Animal experimentation was known to be a poor substitute for experiments on humans. (paulcraigroberts.org)
- Since only analogous inferences could be drawn from animal experiments, the use of human experimentation during the war was deemed necessary to help in the German war effort. (paulcraigroberts.org)
- Applications for medical experimentation on humans were usually approved on the ground that animal tests had taken the researcher only so far. (paulcraigroberts.org)
- The Dachau concentration camp was used as a center for medical experimentation on humans involving malaria, high altitudes, freezing and other experiments. (paulcraigroberts.org)
- and human experimentation. (garrett.edu)
- But, in their efforts to reap the benefits of Nazi scientific research, intelligence officers rapidly discovered the devastation of human medical experimentation. (theconversation.com)
- Ethical standards don't preclude torture research entirely. (slate.com)
- Inculcate ethical principles to imbibe professional ethics, responsibilities and norms of the engineering practice and biotechnology research. (karunya.edu)
- OSA's Program in Human Research Ethics and Oversight (PHREO) supports the ethical conduct and regulatory compliance of human subjects research conducted or supported by the EPA. (epa.gov)
- The PHREO is in place to ensure that all EPA employees, contractors, grant recipients, and parties to other EPA agreements adhere to the highest standards of ethical conduct and are properly informed of the regulatory aspects of research involving human subjects. (epa.gov)
- The Department of Health and Human Services recently proposed major revisions to the Common Rule, the ethical framework that governs research on humans. (eurekalert.org)
- In the context of philosophy, how one defines a human being or a human person determines what ethical choices one should make. (lifeissues.net)
- Bioethics concludes that euthanasia, physician-assisted suicide and high-risk experimental research using persons with mental illness are all ethical. (lifeissues.net)
- We create pathways to a healthier future through our research funding, our health guidelines and the ethical standards we set and uphold. (nhmrc.gov.au)
- It is here argued that the research assessment exercise currently makes no explicit attempt to address these concerns, and indeed, by focusing attention on research outputs, may actually be fostering such ethical problems. (bmj.com)
- These micro quasi-brains are revolutionizing research on human brain development and diseases from Alzheimer's to Zika , but the headlong rush to grow the most realistic, most highly developed brain organoids has thrown researchers into uncharted ethical waters. (statnews.com)
- But the ethical consensus was that it might be OK if the fraction of human neurons in the mouse brain was so small that the implant had no chance of giving the mouse human consciousness or enhanced intelligence. (statnews.com)
- If the human organoid caused such changes, it would raise profound ethical concerns, said bioethicist Josephine Johnston of The Hastings Center. (statnews.com)
- AHHEG is compiling the ethical guidelines from around the Arctic that address conduct of research and management of human specimen collections to identify common features and best practices used in Arctic human health research. (arctic-council.org)
- Although there is no clear evidence of adverse effects other than fluorosis, most of which is mild and not of aesthetic concern, water fluoridation has been contentious for ethical, safety, and efficacy reasons, and opposition to water fluoridation exists despite its support by public health organizations. (newworldencyclopedia.org)
- In a report to be released this month, the presidentially appointed National Bioethics Advisory Commission will recommend that Congress ease its embryo research ban to allow federally funded stem cell researchers to destroy human embryos donated by parents who have completed their fertility treatments. (jewishvirtuallibrary.org)
- He holds a chair in bioethics at the Centre for Social Ethics and Policy, part of the School of Law at the University of Manchester in Great Britain and the University of Oslo. (wikipedia.org)
- The question of when "personhood" begins is central to all of the issues in ethics and bioethics. (lifeissues.net)
- For 30 years, bioethics has been touted as the perfect, "neutral" ethics for a multicultural, pluralistic, democratic society where no one person's or group's opinions should be forced on the rest of us. (lifeissues.net)
- Compare bioethics with natural law ethics, for instance. (lifeissues.net)
- Is "bioethics" the ethics on which President Bush wants to base his stem cell decision? (lifeissues.net)
- And what "science" is the president going to use - the precise tradition of human embryology, or the fake science that has marred bioethics' history from the start? (lifeissues.net)
- Then there was the scientifically fake term "pre-embryo," used by bioethics from the beginning to preclude the early human embryo from protection against research abuses. (lifeissues.net)
- Waters primary research interests are in the areas of Christian social and political thought, bioethics, and the relationship among theology, science, and technology. (garrett.edu)
- Edmund D. Pellegrino, M.D. is the chair of the President's Council on Bioethics, and professor emeritus of medicine and medical ethics, Center for Clinical Bioethics, Georgetown University Medical Center Jean Bethke Elshtain is the Laura Spelman Rockefeller Professor of Social and Political Ethics in the Divinity School at the University of Chicago. (nhbs.com)
- John F. Kilner is the Franklin Forman Chair of Ethics, professor of bioethics and contemporary culture, and the director of the bioethics program at Trinity International University. (nhbs.com)
- Community water fluoridation is the adjustment of fluoride in drinking water to reach a level that can help to reduce tooth decay. (nhmrc.gov.au)
- In Australia, community water fluoridation programs are considered a safe and effective way of reducing tooth decay across the population. (nhmrc.gov.au)
- In Australia, dental health has improved since water fluoridation began in the 1950s. (nhmrc.gov.au)
- Compared to their parents' generation, Australians born after 1970 (when the majority of water fluoridation programs commenced in Australia) have about half the level of tooth decay. (nhmrc.gov.au)
- Along with a combination of healthy diet, good oral hygiene, appropriate use of fluoridated toothpaste and regular dental check-ups, water fluoridation is an effective public health measure to prevent tooth decay. (nhmrc.gov.au)
- NHMRC has recently finished a thorough review of the latest scientific research relevant to Australia on the potential link between water fluoridation and human health. (nhmrc.gov.au)
- NHMRC has confirmed that community water fluoridation helps to reduce tooth decay, and that there is no reliable evidence that water fluoridation at current Australian levels causes health problems. (nhmrc.gov.au)
- NHMRC has released its Public Statement 2017 : Water Fluoridation and Human Health in Australia (2017 Public Statement). (nhmrc.gov.au)
- This contains NHMRC's recommendation on community water fluoridation, and a range within which NHMRC supports states and territories fluoridating their drinking water supplies. (nhmrc.gov.au)
- The Information Paper - Water fluoridation: dental and other human health outcomes (Information Paper) presents the key findings of the evidence reviewed and assesses how relevant these findings are for Australia. (nhmrc.gov.au)
- NHMRC has also published Water Fluoridation and Human Health in Australia: Questions and Answers to support the release of the 2017 Public Statement. (nhmrc.gov.au)
- NHMRC developed this resource in consultation with state and territory health representatives to assist them to provide nationally consistent messages on water fluoridation to the public. (nhmrc.gov.au)
- The Australian community was given the opportunity to participate in how NHMRC develops health advice and submit studies on the dental and other human health effects of water fluoridation. (nhmrc.gov.au)
- Unlike all other water treatment processes, fluoridation does not treat the water itself, but the person consuming it. (fluoridealert.org)
- With water fluoridation, health boards, city councils, and state legislatures simply tell the individual that fluoridated water is good for them and then proceed to add it to their drinking water, irrespective of their consent. (fluoridealert.org)
- Nevertheless, water fluoridation is based on the premise that the same dose of a medicine can be good for everybody, irrespective of their age, health, and nutritional status. (fluoridealert.org)
- There is no such oversight with water fluoridation. (fluoridealert.org)
- The only time the board responded to anything regarding fluoride was when Rodney Hyatt, in a letter to Mayor Bob Joslin, stated: "Yes, there are numerous studies and endorsements from various groups and government agencies which promote the benefits of fluoridation of the public water system to promote dental health. (fluoridealert.org)
- Water fluoridation is the controlled addition of fluoride to a public water supply in order to reduce tooth decay. (newworldencyclopedia.org)
- Too much fluoridation causes dental fluorosis, which mottles or stains teeth, but U.S. researchers discovered that moderate fluoridation prevents cavities, and it is now used for about two-thirds of the U.S. population on public water systems and for about 5.7 percent of people worldwide. (newworldencyclopedia.org)
- The goal of water fluoridation is to prevent tooth decay (dental caries), one of the most prevalent chronic diseases worldwide, and one that greatly affects the quality of life of children, particularly those of low socioeconomic status. (newworldencyclopedia.org)
- Water fluoridation, when culturally acceptable and technically feasible, is said to have substantial advantages over toothpaste, especially for subgroups at high risk. (newworldencyclopedia.org)
- In Australia optimal levels range from 0.6 to 1.1 mg/L. Some water is naturally fluoridated at optimal levels, and requires neither fluoridation nor defluoridation. (newworldencyclopedia.org)
- Water fluoridation operates by creating low levels (about 0.04 mg/L) of fluoride in saliva and plaque fluid. (newworldencyclopedia.org)
- Existing evidence strongly suggests that water fluoridation prevents tooth decay. (newworldencyclopedia.org)
- However, the quality of the research on fluoridation has been generally low. (newworldencyclopedia.org)
- Water fluoridation is the most effective and socially equitable way to achieve wide exposure to fluoride's cavity-prevention effects, and has contributed to dental health worldwide of children and adults. (newworldencyclopedia.org)
- The forthcoming 2001 research assessment exercise (RAE) will form the basis for the distribution of about £5 billion pounds to higher education institutions (HEI) in the UK. (bmj.com)
- For the 2001 round, final funding decisions are to be determined on the basis of a "quality times volume" formulation, where volume relates to the number of research-active staff submitted. (bmj.com)
- Journal of Psychoactive Drugs 273 Volume 33 (3), July - September 2001) In my pharmahuasca study, this ingenious theory was effectively confirmed in human beings, with respect to orally ingested ayahuasca potions, and I noted that the snuffs which originally inspired it had been all but forgotten, but were also being studied psychonautically. (entheology.org)
- Second, according to El País , Izpisúa Belmonte may have collaborated with monkey researchers in China to circumvent legal issues in the US and Spain, where research with primates is heavily regulated. (singularityhub.com)
- CH103, a prototype of the HCDR3-binder class of CD4-binding site bnAbs, is one of the only two bnAb lineages whose complete virus-Ab co-evolution pathway has been comprehensively characterized 6 , and whose co-evolved Env maturation pathway, from which sequential immunogens have been derived for this study, can now also be investigated in SHIV CH505-infected non-human primates 20 . (nature.com)
- The PHREO reviews, supports, and guides the work of EPA affiliated or supported researchers involved in human subjects research to ensure that the rights and welfare of human research subjects are protected. (epa.gov)
- All research involving human subjects proposed by EPA staff or EPA supported researchers must be approved by the EPA Human Subjects Research Review Official (HSRRO) before human subjects work may begin. (epa.gov)
- The National Epidemiological and Environmental Assessment of Recreational (NEEAR) water study is an example of an epidemiological study in which researchers investigated the human health effects associated with exposure to pollutants at recreational swimming sites. (epa.gov)
- In the first systemic investigation of participants' views on open consent in the Personal Genome Project, researchers found that greater transparency and full disclosure of the risks involved in public sharing of genetic and health data could encourage, rather than deter, participation in human research. (eurekalert.org)
- Reporting in the January/February issue of the ethics journal The Hastings Center Report , researchers at Silent Spring Institute and their colleagues interviewed study participants in the Personal Genome Project to understand their views on consent. (eurekalert.org)
- The new study is important since the process of open consent could inform how researchers obtain consent in other human research studies. (eurekalert.org)
- Included in these revisions is a proposal that would require researchers to obtain consent from patients to use their discarded blood and tissue samples for research. (eurekalert.org)
- The revisions would require researchers to get permission from study participants to use their biological samples for future unspecified research. (eurekalert.org)
- Inevitably, the publication records of staff have also come under close inspection, with less productive researchers increasingly being seen as a liability to the rating likely to be achieved by a research grouping. (bmj.com)
- Total daily, pre-stage, during running, and post-stage water and sodium ingestion of ultra-endurance runners (UER, n = 74) and control (CON, n = 12) through foods and fluids were recorded on Stages 1 to 4 by trained dietetic researchers using dietary recall interview technique, and analysed through dietary analysis software. (biomedcentral.com)
- At a neuroscience meeting, two teams of researchers will report implanting human brain organoids into the brains of lab rats and mice, raising the prospect that the organized, functional human tissue could develop further within a rodent. (statnews.com)
- However, availability of data on water scarcity and abundance in transnational basins, are a prerequisite for developing cholera forecasting systems. (ajtmh.org)
- During the 2016-2017 austral summer, unprecedented water scarcity was observed in the south of Mayotte, French island in the Indian Ocean. (springer.com)
- As a result, any delay in the rainy season's arrival to replenish these resources causes water scarcity in the department. (springer.com)
- During the 2016-2017 austral summer, unprecedented water scarcity was observed in the center and the south of the island of Mayotte due to a lack of rain. (springer.com)
- After her postdoctoral fellowship she joined the University of Oxford to work as a researcher on a multidisciplinary project on drought and water scarcity in the UK. (concordia.ca)
- While at Oxford she became a programme coordinator for a consortium of projects researching drought and water scarcity and worked to synthesize and integrate research across disciplines. (concordia.ca)
- Of these, calcium has a unique role in plant cells by regulating stomatal aperture, thus affecting vegetation water use. (sciencemag.org)
- 4 5 6 One mechanism suggested for the increase in lens stiffness with age is compaction of nuclear fibers, and electron microscope data do show an apparent decline in the volume of human nuclear fiber cells with age. (arvojournals.org)
- Human-animal chimeras, in which animal embryos are injected with human cells and further developed inside a surrogate animal's body. (singularityhub.com)
- The team then introduced human stem cells into pig embryos, which were transplanted into surrogate mother pigs to develop for up to a month. (singularityhub.com)
- Although the human-pig embryos survived, the transplant rate was extremely low: about 1 in 100,000 cells turned out to be human. (singularityhub.com)
- You can almost hear the team's reasoning for moving on to monkeys, which are genetically much closer to us and in theory might be able to better tolerate human cells. (singularityhub.com)
- Speaking to El Pa í s , Izpisúa Belmonte's collaborator Dr. Estrella Núñez at the Murcia Catholic University (UCAM) in Spain confirmed that they used a similar approach to insert human stem cells into monkey embryos deprived of genes that guide organ formation. (singularityhub.com)
- Thus, our aim was to identify the relationships between milk microbiota composition, bacterial load, macronutrients, and human cells during lactation. (frontiersin.org)
- Furthermore, milk bacteria were present in a free-living, "planktonic" state, but also in equal proportion associated to human immune cells. (frontiersin.org)
- Research is ongoing to further understand the molecular events and controls necessary for stem cells to become specialized cell types. (rxlist.com)
- If cells are taken from the blastocyst at this stage, they are known as pluripotent , meaning that they have the capacity to become many different types of human cells. (rxlist.com)
- Recent research suggests that human embryos may be an ideal source of 'stem cells,' which can be grown into replacement tissues for transplantation into people with chronic diseases, whose own cells are dying. (jewishvirtuallibrary.org)
- In hypotonic swelling, live sperm cells swell because of an influx of water to their cytoplasm from an induced osmotic pressure gradient ( 12 ). (aaccjnls.org)
- For a GMO that is a modified human somatic cell, including autologous cells, a clinical trial might be classified as an exempt dealing under Schedule 2 of the GT Regulations. (ogtr.gov.au)
- In this study, BLT 1 receptor proteins were detected in human carotid artery atherosclerotic plaques, colocalizing with markers for macrophages, endothelial cells, and vascular smooth muscle cells (SMC). (pnas.org)
- Challenge of human coronary artery SMC with either LTB 4 or U75302, a partial agonist that is selective for the BLT 1 receptor, induced an ≈4-fold increase of whole-cell currents by using the patch-clamp technique, indicating that these cells express functional BLT 1 receptors. (pnas.org)
- We also explored the role of the HIF-1α/GPER transduction pathway in functional assays like tube formation in human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) and cell migration in CAFs. (biomedcentral.com)
- Within the scope of this trial, we investigated the effects of the natural pine bark extract pycnogenol on human fibrosarcoma cells. (spandidos-publications.com)
- inuscule blobs of human brain tissue have come a long way in the four years since scientists in Vienna discovered how to create them from stem cells. (statnews.com)
- RU inhibited inflammation-related gene expression in activated human macrophages and the release of nitric oxide, tumor necrosis factor-alpha, interleukin (IL)-1, and IL-6 from these cells. (biomedcentral.com)
- Traditionally, forest water use is considered a function of meteorological factors, species composition, and soil water availability ( 2 , 6 ). (sciencemag.org)
- C. parvum and C. hominis are the most prevalent species that infect humans ( 1 , 3 ). (cdc.gov)
- However, an important part of the species has not yet been cultured under laboratory conditions, and subsequently the diversity of human milk could be underestimated by classical approaches. (frontiersin.org)
- Raising animals for food is also responsible for a host of other environmental crimes, from acid rain to the introduction of exotic species, from producing deserts to creating dead zones in the oceans, from poisoning rivers and drinking water to destroying coral reefs. (all-creatures.org)
- Ecosystem degradation, the introduction and spread of alien species, changes to the course of a major river, aquifer depletion, and suburb construction, are all material manifestations of human engagement in the natural world, which includes the cultural meanings informing that world. (carnegiecouncil.org)
- He is Senior Scientist with the Institute for Environmental Protection and Research, Italy (formerly INFS - Italian Wildlife Institute), focusing on carnivore conservation and alien species. (concordia.ca)
- The addition of fluoride to water supplies violates modern pharmacological principles. (fluoridealert.org)
- Although water departments can generally control the concentration of fluoride being added to water, they cannot control the dose that individuals receive. (fluoridealert.org)
- Simply put, the letter states, someone at Arab Water Works is lying about the entire fluoride issue. (fluoridealert.org)
- The complaint specifically points out that, "At some point prior to Aug. 1, 2015, the decision was made by a unanimous vote by the board members that fluoride was to be taken out of the community's water system. (fluoridealert.org)
- The letter is referring to the fact that, at one point, the water board said the decision to remove fluoride from Arab's water supply was an operational decision made by manager Ted Hyatt. (fluoridealert.org)
- At some point prior to Aug. 1, 2015, a decision was made at Arab Water Works to remove fluoride from the community water source," it says. (fluoridealert.org)
- Drs. York and Catharine Willis attended the Arab Water Works board meeting on Sept. 22 and were told at least five times that the board had voted and it was unanimous to remove fluoride from the water supply. (fluoridealert.org)
- The letter goes on to say that the board's attorney, Claud Burke, stated at a board meeting and again in a community Facebook group that, "There seems to be some confusion locally as to whether the manager of the Arab Water Works played any part in making any decision regarding the fluoride issue. (fluoridealert.org)
- Fluoride monitor (at left) in a community water tower pumphouse, Minnesota, 1987. (newworldencyclopedia.org)
- larger water systems have lower per capita cost, and the cost is also affected by the number of fluoride injection points in the water system, the type of feeder and monitoring equipment, the fluoride chemical and its transportation and storage, and water plant personnel expertise. (newworldencyclopedia.org)
- A 1992 census found that, for U.S. public water supply systems reporting the type of compound used, 63 percent of the population received water fluoridated with hydrofluosilicic acid, 28 percent with sodium silicofluoride, and 9 percent with sodium fluoride. (newworldencyclopedia.org)
- The incidence of cancer among rural residents along the Huai River in China is higher than national average level, and scientists and the Chinese public have attributed this high cancer incidence to water pollution [ 1 , 2 ]. (hindawi.com)
- This is why most western European nations have rejected the practice - because, in their view, the public water supply is not an appropriate place to be adding drugs . (fluoridealert.org)
- Public policy is already based on someone's definition of a human being! (lifeissues.net)
- There are about 180 public water treatment plants in Manitoba relying on surface water with high organic content as their source of supply. (mitacs.ca)
- Waters has served previously as the Director of the Center for Business, Religion and Public Life at Pittsburgh Theological Seminary. (garrett.edu)
- My research focuses on gender, ethics, public policy and administration. (gu.se)
- A member of the prestigious Association of American Universities, Pitt ranks in the very top cluster of U.S. public research universities, according to The Center for Measuring University Performance. (pitt.edu)
- His work seeks to combine and connect human development, development ethics, and public policy. (concordia.ca)
- NHMRC has responsibility for monitoring compliance and investigating potential non-compliance with the Research Involving Human Embryos Act 2002 (RIHE Act) and the Prohibition of Human Cloning for Reproduction Act 2002 (PHCR Act). (nhmrc.gov.au)
- Based on animal studies, it is generally accepted that the degree of axon packing and myelin sheaths are the main features that cause water diffusion to be anisotropic ( Beaulieu, 2002 ). (jneurosci.org)
- Only if a project is both considered research AND involves human subjects (both according to the federal definitions) is the project then considered human subjects research and subject to additional oversight. (epa.gov)
- Clinical trials of therapeutic products that are experimental and under development are regulated through the Clinical Trial Exemption (CTX) scheme or the Clinical Trial Notification (CTN) scheme , and require approval from, and oversight by, a human research ethics committee (HREC). (ogtr.gov.au)
- What types of human subjects research does EPA conduct and fund? (epa.gov)
- This guidance provides basic information to organisations in Australia wishing to conduct human clinical trials involving an experimental product that is, or contains, a genetically modified organism (GMO). (ogtr.gov.au)
- Dr. Schilling was ordered by Heinrich Himmler in 1936 to conduct medical research at Dachau for the purpose of specifically immunizing individuals against malaria. (paulcraigroberts.org)
- Congressional hearings into the conduct of the study led to legislation strengthening guidelines to protect human subjects in research. (thebody.com)
- Bannuru reports grants from the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality during the conduct of the study and grants and personal fees from the American College of Rheumatology and Sanofi outside the submitted work. (amazonaws.com)
- But creepiness aside, scientists do have two reasons for wading into these uncomfortable waters. (singularityhub.com)
- This ban has so far precluded the vast majority of academic scientists from pursuing human stem cell research. (jewishvirtuallibrary.org)
- Right now, every time you walk into a clinic or a hospital for a blood test or a biopsy, scientists can take your anonymous samples and use them for research without your permission," says Dr. Julia Brody, executive director of Silent Spring Institute and one of the study's co-authors. (eurekalert.org)
- That kind of transparency improves participants' trust in scientists, and that's vital to research in the long run. (eurekalert.org)
- Presumably there were staff from the Indian Council for Medical Research running down hallways with clipboards, yelling at scientists, "'Can' does not denote 'should! (extremetech.com)
- In short, I was required to spend a good deal of extra time tracking down each and every scientific point, and correcting it through research and myriads of conversations and meetings with other scientists at NIH and elsewhere. (lifeissues.net)
- In 2015, FMI analysts continued to be involved with application of a wildfire risk assessment framework developed largely by RMRS scientists from both the Fire, Fuel, and Smoke Science Program and the Human Dimensions Program. (firelab.org)
- A certain epistemological humility, in other words, must pervade whatever we do, especially when we are pushing the scientific envelope, as we are in stem cell research. (jewishvirtuallibrary.org)
- White House spokesman Ari Fleischer calmly assures us that President George W. Bush's decision on stem cell research will be based on a thorough, nonpartisan consideration of the "ethics" and "science" involved. (lifeissues.net)
- Young age, number of infected family members, amount of water consumed daily, and gluten intolerance were identified as risk factors for acquiring cryptosporidiosis. (cdc.gov)
- In summary, water supply and educational level were the main factors associated with the presence of water-related diseases in both communities. (ajtmh.org)
- Despite the important role vegetation plays in the global water cycle, the exact controls of vegetation water use, especially the role of soil biogeochemistry, remain elusive. (sciencemag.org)
- In this study, we reveal a new mechanism of soil biogeochemical control of large-scale vegetation water use. (sciencemag.org)
- We hypothesized that the leaching of the soil calcium supply, induced by acid deposition, would increase large-scale vegetation water use. (sciencemag.org)
- We present evidence from a long-term whole watershed acidification experiment demonstrating that the alteration of the soil calcium supply by acid deposition can significantly intensify vegetation water use (~10% increase in evapotranspiration) and deplete available soil water. (sciencemag.org)
- The impacts of soil biogeochemistry on large-scale forest water use have not been investigated, and a mechanistically based understanding of soil biogeochemical control on forest water use may help explain some of the uncertainties in terrestrial biosphere models. (sciencemag.org)
- Factoring in a rapidly changing climate and a vastly growing population, they sound off on topics that include soil degradation, climate change, soil carbon sequestration, food and nutritional security, hidden hunger, water quality, non-point source pollution, micronutrients, and elemental transformations. (routledge.com)
- We conducted a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled crossover human study to evaluate the effect of ingestion of natural mineral water extracted from a depth of 689 m on recovery from prolonged fatiguing aerobic running conducted at 30°C. (biomedcentral.com)
- This study aims to evaluate the carcinogenic risk of PAHs in the drinking water of counties along the Huai River in China and study their associations with high cancer incidence in local population. (hindawi.com)
- The goal of the study was to evaluate whether real-time water quality measurement techniques could be utilized to alert and prevent beachgoers from entering the water and possibly becoming ill if high levels of pollutants were being recorded. (epa.gov)
- The results of these clinical trials in combination with the poorly defined pharmacological and physiological function of P-gp in humans emphasize the need to perform studies to further evaluate the role of P-gp in the disposition of substrate drugs. (aacrjournals.org)
- To test this hypothesis, we conducted a human study in which we compared the short-term recovery of physical performance after a prolonged, aerobic dehydrating exercise (ADE) in subjects given DMW or placebo (plain water) drink supplied for rehydration. (biomedcentral.com)
- and the Water Quality Study (WQS), a randomized controlled trial (conducted during 1997-1999) of household water treatment to prevent gastroenteritis ( 10 , 11 ). (cdc.gov)
- As a whole, these disciplines study the human, the physical world and the laws of science that bind people with their environments. (gradschools.com)
- This study assessed socioeconomic features, WASH indicators, and water-related diseases in two rural areas of the Colombian Caribbean coast. (ajtmh.org)
- Only one prospective study has examined the effect of water-based exercise training in COPD [ 12 ]. (ersjournals.com)
- Each of the study examples listed above serves a particular research need. (epa.gov)
- The safety and effectiveness of fluoridated water has never been demonstrated by randomized controlled trials-the gold standard study that is now generally required before a drug can enter the market. (fluoridealert.org)
- This study was approved by the Ethics Research Committee of Ribeirão Preto School of Dentistry (University of São Paulo, Brazil). (scielo.br)
- This study was designed to investigate the effects of the regular consumption of magnesium bicarbonate supplemented spring water on pH, biochemical parameters of bone metabolism, lipid profile and blood pressure in postmenopausal women. (biomedcentral.com)
- In this double-blind, placebo-controlled, parallel-group, study, 67 postmenopausal women were randomised to receive between 1500 mL and 1800 mL daily of magnesium bicarbonate supplemented spring water (650 mg/L bicarbonate, 120 mg/L magnesium, pH 8.3-8.5) (supplemented water group) or spring water without supplements (control water group) over 84 days. (biomedcentral.com)
- Thus, in the present study, we evaluated the role of P-gp in the plasma disposition and fecal elimination pathways of docetaxel, one of the best known substrates of P-gp (10) , in humans using a combined treatment with the new p.o. administered P-gp inhibitor R101933 as a model compound. (aacrjournals.org)
- Jokey comments aside, a planned research trial to reanimate "living cadavers" has been halted by the Indian research ethics board, amid a cloud of fatal problems with the study. (extremetech.com)
- The recruited secondary schools will be randomised and non-blinded to one of four study arms receiving either the TCW-BI or chilled water stations, both interventions, or neither (control group). (biomedcentral.com)
- Regular water meter readings will determine the water flow from the chilled water stations across the study period. (biomedcentral.com)
- This study will add to this evidence base and establish the effectiveness of TCW-BI and chilled water stations, either alone or combination on increasing water consumption in adolescents. (biomedcentral.com)
- Before we anchor our study in previous research on gender and corruption we want to point out that one could assume that problems of corruption, withering the trust in government, is a problem limited to developing countries, whereas Sweden, with its encompassing welfare state, have a stability reaching beyond these challenges. (gu.se)
- Our study traces the history of the desert ecosystem in the region, the impact of humans on that ecosystem, and the recent emergence of small, alternative communities that attempt to live in a more sustainable fashion. (carnegiecouncil.org)
- Using data collected as part of the Performance Monitoring and Accountability 2020 (PMA2020) surveys on water options in nine study geographies across eight countries, we identified five geographies where packaged water constituted one of several options for 5% or more of users. (iwaponline.com)
- In this study, four scenarios were designed in which packaged water components were variously classified as either improved or unimproved. (iwaponline.com)
- Medically intractable TLE patients who undergo temporal lobe resection including the fimbria-fornix provide a unique opportunity to study the anatomical correlates of water diffusion abnormalities in freshly excised tissue. (jneurosci.org)
- The details, however -- how the study began, and how it developed to become a metaphor for research abuse -- are less familiar. (thebody.com)
- Athletes often train or compete on consecutive days or more than once per day and must consume sufficient fluid to restore water balance or to replace fluid losses before the next exercise session. (biomedcentral.com)
- Given the relevance of water activity in the context of food spoilage, there is ample availability of data regarding minimal a w values required to allow the growth of specific micro-organisms, From these reports, it is clear that a w above 0.97 provide sufficient unbound water to support the growth of most bacteria. (bmj.com)
- Here, we investigated whether increased neuronal BACE1 is sufficient to alter systemic glucose metabolism, using a neuron-specific human BACE1 knockin mouse model (PLB4). (springer.com)
- Anecdotal evidence suggests ultra-runners may not be consuming sufficient water through foods and fluids to maintenance euhydration, and present sub-optimal sodium intakes, throughout multi-stage ultra-marathon (MSUM) competitions in the heat. (biomedcentral.com)
- Water intake habits of ultra-runners during MSUM conducted in hot ambient conditions appear to be sufficient to maintain baseline euhydration levels. (biomedcentral.com)
- During MSUM, besides the exposure to exercise-heat stress on consecutive days (normally ranging from 5 to 8 days), ultra-runners need to consume sufficient water (through foods and fluids) to maintain euhydration throughout competition. (biomedcentral.com)
- In some cases (e.g. self-sufficient MSUM) ultra-runners must ration water supplies (e.g. ~12 L/day provisions), enforcing a potential barrier to maintaining euhydration. (biomedcentral.com)
- Indeed, anecdotal evidence suggests ultra-runners may not be consuming sufficient water through foods and fluids to support consistent maintenance of euhydration along MSUM competition (2009 Al Andalus Ultimate Trail, Loja, Spain). (biomedcentral.com)
- While the impact of passage rate on ecosystem composition has recently been shown to partially account for BSS-associated microbiota variation, 4 the potential correlation with water availability remains unexplored. (bmj.com)
- The demonstration of a correlation between histology and human in vivo DTI, in combination with the observation that in vivo DTI accurately predicted white matter abnormalities in a human disease condition, provides strong validation of the application of DTI as a noninvasive marker of white matter pathology. (jneurosci.org)
- The lifespan of the components of the lens coupled with a lack of turnover make it a unique structural tissue in the human body and leaves it open to age-related disorders. (arvojournals.org)
- We have previously shown that estradiol (E2) increases extracellular VEGF in breast cancer and normal human breast tissue in vivo ( 16 - 18 ). (aacrjournals.org)
- The role of drug transport and metabolism on gemcitabine cytotoxicity was examined with specific inhibitors, whereas transcription analysis of human equilibrative nucleoside transporter-1 (hENT1), deoxycytidine kinase (dCK), 5′-nucleotidase (5′-NT), cytidine deaminase (CDA), and ribonucleotide reductase subunits M1 and M2 (RRM1 and RRM2) was done by quantitative reverse transcription-PCR in tumor tissue isolated by laser microdissection from surgical or biopsy samples of 102 patients. (aacrjournals.org)
- She is an Adjunct Assistant Professor of Psychology (Research) at Central Washington University in Ellensburg, Washington. (wikipedia.org)
- Dr. Brent Waters is the Jerre and Mary Joy Stead Professor of Christian Social Ethics, and Director of the Jerre L. and Mary Joy Center for Ethics and Values at Garrett-Evangelical Theological Seminary in Evanston, Illinois. (garrett.edu)
- The observed effects of stool consistency on colon microbiota composition are thus unlikely to be a result of water activity variation, but rather represent transit time differences or other, currently unassessed variables. (bmj.com)
- Human breast milk is considered the optimal nutrition for infants, providing essential nutrients and a broad range of bioactive compounds, as well as its own microbiota. (frontiersin.org)
- The concentration camp research was just one aspect of an otherwise very successful Nazi science program. (slate.com)
- The device measures the colorimetric change of yellow tetrazolium dye to purple formazan by the diaphorase flavoprotein enzyme present in metabolically active human sperm to quantify live and motile sperm concentration. (aaccjnls.org)
- After the ingestion and equilibration of a known dose of 2 H 2 O in the body water compartments, 2 H 2 O concentration serves as a marker for TBW from which FFM and fat body mass (FM) are derived. (scielo.br)
- The CLA dosage (13 mg/kg of body weight given intraperitoneally) was chosen to reach a maximum concentration of the drug in serum similar to that in humans and a time during which the serum CLA concentration remained above the MIC equivalent to 40% of the interval between doses. (asm.org)
- As the extermination camps in Nazi-occupied Poland and the concentration camps in Germany were liberated, the scale of human destruction wrought by Nazi ideology both confounded and shocked. (theconversation.com)
- This randomised controlled trial aimed to determine the effectiveness of water-based exercise training in improving exercise capacity and quality of life compared to land-based exercise training and control (no exercise) in people with COPD and physical comorbidities. (ersjournals.com)
- To investigate the effectiveness of hot water immersion for relieving the pain of major box jellyfish ( Chironex fleckeri ) stings. (mja.com.au)
- 4 , 6 The effectiveness of hot water immersion for treating the pain of C. fleckeri stings has not been investigated. (mja.com.au)
- The objective of the Department is to provide excellent teaching, practical facilities, research facilities and consultancy services in the frontier areas of Biotechnology. (karunya.edu)
- Biotechnology and the Human Good" builds a case for a stewardship deeply rooted in Judeo-Christian theism to responsibly interpret and assess new technologies in a way that answers this concern. (nhbs.com)
- A synthetic work drawing on the thought of a physician, ethicists, and a theologian, "Biotechnology and the Human Good" reminds us that although technology is a powerful and often awe-inspiring tool, it is what lies in the heart and soul of who wields this tool that truly makes the difference in our world. (nhbs.com)
- Biotechnology and the Human Good offers a critical analysis and constructive engagement that is informed, astute, and elegant. (nhbs.com)
- Organic carbon in the water reacts with chlorine during water disinfection. (mitacs.ca)
- Promotion of Solar Water Disinfection (SODIS) has been suggested as a strategy for reducing the global burden of diarrhoea by improving the microbiological quality of drinking water. (biomedcentral.com)
- Solar water disinfection (SODIS) is one of the simplest and cheapest technologies for household water disinfection. (biomedcentral.com)
- The science is advancing so rapidly, the ethics can't keep up. (statnews.com)
- In rapidly growing cities of the south such as Chennai, India (metropolitan population: 10 million), a shortfall of about 200 million liters of piped water supply is met by 5 million units of sachet water, 75,000 units of 1 liter bottled water, and more than 100,000 units of refill water daily ( Venkatachalam 2015 ). (iwaponline.com)
- and, with hundreds of students, they have conducted their research and enriched the lives of the chimpanzees at Central Washington University. (wikipedia.org)
- To Dr. Alejandro De Los Angeles at Yale University, the results have merit even without generating full-grown human organs. (singularityhub.com)
- The Institute of Hydraulic Engineering and Water Resources Management (IWW ) at RWTH Aachen University has a long research tradition in this field. (deepdyve.com)
- Going back to the founding year of the university in 1870, the chair is based on the work of civil engineer Otto Intze, who is best known for his pioneering contributions in construction of dams and elevated water tanks. (deepdyve.com)
- The institute is part of the "Project House Water", a research network at RWTH Aachen University that was established within the framework of the German excellence initiative. (deepdyve.com)
- The ethics commission held a one-day workshop at Georgetown University last month to hear religious leaders' opinions about the morality of such research. (jewishvirtuallibrary.org)
- National Dong Hwa University, the place where I did my research has to be one of the most sophisticated and serene places to work. (karunya.edu)
- A Humane Society investigator spent nine months in 2007 and 2008 videotaping alleged abuses at the linkurl:New Iberia Research Center,;http://nirc.louisiana.edu/index.html which is administered by the University of Louisiana at Lafayette. (the-scientist.com)
- Calling Pitt "a world class research university" with an "unwavering commitment to excellence," a Middle States Commission on Higher Education accreditation report in September 2012 reaccredited the University for a 10-year period, without qualification, the maximum permissible time for an extension of accreditation. (pitt.edu)
- Leg muscle power recovered better during the slow phase of recovery and was significantly higher after 48 h of recovery after rehydrating with DMW compared with plain water. (biomedcentral.com)
- Compared to controls, water-based exercise training significantly increased 6-min walking distance, incremental and endurance shuttle walk distances, and improved Chronic Respiratory Disease Questionnaire (CRDQ) dyspnoea and fatigue. (ersjournals.com)
- Compared to land-based exercise training, water-based exercise training significantly increased incremental shuttle walk distance (mean difference 39 m, 95% CI 5-72 m), endurance shuttle walk distance (mean difference 228 m, 95% CI 19-438 m) and improved CRDQ fatigue. (ersjournals.com)
- Water-based exercise training was significantly more effective than land-based exercise training and control in increasing peak and endurance exercise capacity and improving aspects of quality of life in people with COPD and physical comorbidities. (ersjournals.com)
- The overall biotransformation rate between paclitaxel and cephalomannine differed slightly (184 vs. 145 pmol/min/mg), but the average ratio of metabolites hydroxylated at the C13 side chain to C6α for paclitaxel and cephalomannine varied significantly (15:85 vs. 64:36) in five human liver samples. (aspetjournals.org)
- Human Skeletal jets from Site OGSE-80: A favourite relaxation on the Sta. (mooreamusicpele.com)
- Fasting has been shown to reduce the activity of PDH in the active form (PDHa) in rat skeletal muscle ( 5 , 6 ), as has a high-fat diet in human muscle ( 7 ). (diabetesjournals.org)
- Particular focus has been on PDK4, which shows marked changes at the transcriptional and/or protein levels in human skeletal muscle with fasting, high-fat diet, and acute exercise ( 7 , 17 , 18 ). (diabetesjournals.org)
- We issue guidelines to support high-quality clinical and research practice. (nhmrc.gov.au)
- Pancreatic cancer is one of the most lethal human tumors, and although the nucleoside pyrimidine analogue gemcitabine produces a clinical benefit response, the prognosis remains dismal, with 5-year survival rate of 1% to 4% ( 1 ). (aacrjournals.org)
- Thus, RU may have clinical value in reducing inflammatory manifestations in human arthritis and other inflammatory diseases. (biomedcentral.com)
- He is also pursuing research on the constructions of sustainability as cultural violence, with specific reference to asymmetric conflict environments. (concordia.ca)
- She is currently the Principal Investigator for the Food Justice and Sustainability project at Dawson, which focuses on mapping the food system for Montreal's 33 boroughs, building and carrying out community food organizations needs and assets assessments for five neighborhoods, and hosting dialogues to support collaborative research and action to guide food policy in Montreal. (concordia.ca)