Isolation of lectins by affinity chromatography with porcine plasma proteins immobilized on agarose. (1/9)To develop a convenient method to isolate lectins, we prepared an affinity gel by coupling plasma proteins with agarose beads under conditions where the pH did not exceed 7.5. The validity of the use of this affinity gel in combination with elution using a hapten saccharide was confirmed by isolation of concanavalin A from Jack bean meal. Successful application of the method was demonstrated by isolation of two novel vegetable lectins from udo (Aralia cordate) and wasabi (Wasabia japonica). The method would be useful to isolate new lectins from various sources including plant and animal tissues. (+info)
Effect of Japanese horseradish oil on methane production and ruminal fermentation in vitro and in steers. (2/9)The effects of alpha-cyclodextrin-horseradish oil complex (CD-HR) on methane production and ruminal fermentation were studied in vitro and in steers. In the in vitro study, diluted ruminal fluid (30 mL) was incubated anaerobically at 38 degrees C for 6 h with or without CD-HR, using cornstarch as substrate. The CD-HR was added at various concentrations (0, 0.17, 0.85 and 1.7 g/L). Treatment affected neither the pH of the medium nor the number of protozoa. Total VFA increased in a linear manner (P = 0.02), and NH3-N decreased quadratically (P = 0.04) as the concentration of CD-HR increased from 0.17 g/L to 1.7 g/L. Molar proportions of acetate decreased in a linear manner (P = 0.03), and propionate increased linearly (P = 0.008) with increasing concentrations of CD-HR. Production of methane was inhibited up to 90%, whereas accumulation of dihydrogen was increased 36-fold by 1.7 g/L of CD-HR supplementation relative to controls. The effect of CD-HR on methane production, ruminal fermentation and microbes, and digestibility was further investigated in vivo using four Holstein steers in a crossover design. The CD-HR supplement was mixed into the concentrate portion of a (1.5:1) Sudangrass hay plus concentrate mixture that was fed twice daily to the steers. Ruminal samples were collected 0, 2, and 5 h after the morning feeding. No effects of CD-HR supplementation on ruminal pH (P = 0.63) or protozoal numbers (P = 0.44) were observed. Molar proportion of acetate was decreased (P = 0.04) and propionate was increased (P = 0.005) by CD-HR treatment. Molar proportion of butyrate was increased (P = 0.05) in CD-HR-supplemented steers. Ruminal NH3-N was decreased (P = 0.05) by treatment. Blood plasma glucose concentration was increased (P = 0.02) and urea-N was decreased (P = 0.04) with CD-HR supplementation. Daily DMI was decreased (P = 0.04), and apparent digestibility of DM (P = 0.13), NDF (P = 0.14), and CP tended (P = 0.14) to be increased by treatment. Methane production was decreased (P = 0.03) by 19%, and the number of methanogens was also decreased (P = 0.03). Although N retention (P = 0.11), total viable bacteria (P = 0.15), and sulfate-reducing bacteria (P = 0.17) were not significantly altered by treatment, tendencies for increases were noted with CD-HR supplementation. The number of cellulolytic (P = 0.38) and acetogenic bacteria (P = 0.32) remained unchanged by treatment. These results indicate that CD-HR supplementation can be used to decrease methane production in steers. (+info)
Stimulation of IL-8 production by Aralia cordate lectin in human colon carcinoma Caco-2 cells. (3/9)Some lectins are known to stimulate interleukin-8 (IL-8) productions in human colon carcinoma Caco-2 cells. Since IL-8 may cause deleterious effects, we examined this stimulatory activity of Aralia cordate lectin (ACL) and Wasabia japonica lectin (WJL), both of which we isolated recently. The results indicate that ACL exhibited strong stimulatory activity for IL-8 protein production, while WJL showed marginal activity. The activity of ACL was associated with high enhancement of IL-8 gene expression. The effect of ACL was abolished almost completely in the presence of brefeldin A, indicating that internalization into cells is necessary for ACL to exert activity. The findings suggest that ingestion of a large amount of raw vegetable Aralia cordate might cause unfavorable effects on the colon. (+info)
Immunochemical detection of food-derived isothiocyanate as a lysine conjugate. (4/9)In a previous study we prepared monoclonal antibody against allyl isothiocyanate (AITC)-modified lysine (Lys), and found that AITC reacted with Lys under physiological conditions in vitro (T. Nakamura et al., Chem. Res. Toxicol., 22, 536-542 (2009)). In the present study, antibodies against benzyl isothiocyanate (ITC), 6-methylsulfinylhexyl ITC and phenethyl ITC modified protein were prepared, and the respective monoclonal antibodies, B6C9, 6MS3D10, and PE3A10 were obtained. These antibodies were applied to ITC detection in food using shredded Wasabia japonica (wasabi) and ground Carica papaya (papaya) seed by trapping ITC with biotin-labeled bovine serum albumin. ITC formation from the wasabi and papaya seed samples was confirmed using the antibodies in a dose-dependent manner. These antibodies might be applicable in identifying food-derived ITC. (+info)
Leaf extract of Wasabia japonica relieved oxidative stress induced by Helicobacter pylori infection and stress loading in Mongolian gerbils. (5/9)Infection with Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) can induce gastric disorders, and though its presence cannot explain disease pathogenesis and does not have associations with other factors, it is well known that H. pylori infection causes stomach inflammation following oxidative stress. We examined the suppressive effects of a leaf extract of Wasabia japonica on H. pylori infection and on stress loading in Mongolian gerbils. Following oral administration of wasabi extract of 50 and 200 mg/kg B.W./d for 10 d, the animals were exposed to restraint stress for 90 and 270 min. As for the results, the level of 8-oxo-7,8-dihydro-2'-deoxyguanosine (8-oxodG) in the stomach and oxidative DNA damage in peripheral erythrocytes at 270 min significantly increased. That elevation was significantly suppressed by the addition of the leaf extract. We concluded that the simultaneous loading of H. pylori infection and physical stress loading might induce oxidative DNA damage additively, while a leaf extract attenuated this DNA damage in the stomach as well as the peripheral erythrocytes. (+info)
Glycogen synthase kinase-3beta inhibition of 6-(methylsulfinyl)hexyl isothiocyanate derived from wasabi (Wasabia japonica Matsum). (6/9)A new biological activity of 6-(methylsulfinyl)hexyl isothiocyanate derived from Wasabia japonica was discovered as an inhibitor of glycogen synthase kinase-3beta. The most potent isothiocyanate, 9-(methylsulfinyl)hexyl isothiocyanate, inhibited glycogen synthase kinase-3beta at a K(i) value of 10.5 microM and showed ATP competitive inhibition. The structure-activity relationship revealed an inhibitory potency of methylsulfinyl isothiocyanate dependent on the alkyl chain length and the sulfoxide, sulfone, and/or the isothiocyanate moiety. (+info)
Cloning of a FLOWERING LOCUS T ortholog in Wasabia japonica (Matsum). (7/9)A FLOWERING LOCUS T ortholog (WjFT) was identified in Wasabia japonica. Heterologous expression of WjFT remarkably promoted the flowering of Arabidopsis. The expression of WjFT was examined in field-grown wasabi in October and November of 2009, and February of 2010 because the differentiation of flower buds occurs in autumn in field-grown wasabi. No expression of WjFT was detected in October, it was slightly increased in November, and highly increased in February. WjFT might be useful for examining the flowering response of wasabi. (+info)
Isothiocyanates from Wasabia japonica activate transient receptor potential ankyrin 1 channel. (8/9)(+info)
Outline of herbs and spices
Wasabi - ; Wasabia japonica or Eutrema japonica}}, is a member of the family Brassicaceae, which includes cabbages, horseradish ... "Wasabia japonica". MULTILINGUAL MULTISCRIPT PLANT NAME DATABASE, The University of Melbourne. Growing Edge (2005). the Best Of ...
Matsumura erected the genus Wasabia, recognizing within it the species Wasabia pungens and Wasabia hederaefolia; these are now ... In North America, Wasabia japonica is cultivated by a handful of small farmers and companies in the rain forests on the coast ... Wasabi (Japanese: ワサビ, わさび, or 山葵, pronounced [waꜜsabi]; Eutrema japonicum or Wasabia japonica) or Japanese horseradish is a ... "Wasabi (Wasabia japonica (Miq.) Matsum.)". Gernot Katzer's Spice Pages. 11 February 2007. "Wasabi: Japanese flavor-Part 1: ...
... and finally Wasabia (Eutrema) belongs in Eutremeae. According to an umbrella review of 41 systematic reviews and meta-analyses ...
ISBN 978-1-55832-176-2. Shin, I. S.; Masuda H.; Naohide K. (August 2004). "Bactericidal activity of wasabi (Wasabia japonica) ... a piquant paste made from the grated stem of the Wasabia japonica plant. Japanese-style mayonnaise is a common condiment in ...
Wasabi (Latin name Wasabia japonica) is also called Japanese horseradish. Wasabi may also refer to: Wasabi, a character in the ...
Florence of Arabia
The neighboring country Wasabia refers to Saudi Arabia, with Wasabia being a play on Wahhabism, one of the most conservative ... Wasabia's medieval legal system, among other things, subjugates, humiliates and violates women, as well as executing them for ... The wife is taken back to Wasabia and beheaded for her crime. In anger over her friend's execution, Florence drafts a proposal ... The Washington Post reviewer wrote, tongue in cheek, of the fictional country of Wasabia : "Its oppressive power is guaranteed ...
Wildlife of Japan
Native food plants include the water dropwort (Oenanthe javanica) and wasabi (Wasabia japonica). Biota of Tokyo Imperial Palace ...
Ohtsuru M, Kawatani H (1979). "Studies on the myrosinase from Wasabia japonica: Purification and some properties of wasabi ... Wasabia japonica), and daikon (Raphanus sativus), as well as several members of the family Brassicaceae, including yellow ...
Congregationalist Cemetery, Ponsharden
The first of Penryn's congregation to be buried was Abia, the daughter of John and Dolly Nicholls of Gwennap. Abia died on 18 ...
For example, in Japanese, wasabi わさび is a plant (Wasabia japonica) used as a spicy Japanese condiment. Traditionally, this ...
Wasabia japonica) Leaves and Allyl Isothiocyanate on Stomach Lesions of Mongolian Gerbils Infected with Helicobacter pylori". ...
List of sushi restaurants
Wasabi - a fast food restaurant chain based in the United Kingdom focused on Japanese food, especially sushi and bento, it ...
The pure water source south of Barrytown near the coast led to experimental plantings of wasabi (Wasabia japonica) in the 1990s ...
Outside Japan, the Japanese condiment wasabi, although traditionally prepared from the true wasabi plant (Wasabia japonica), is ...
List of culinary herbs and spices
Wasabia japonica) Water-pepper, smartweed (Polygonum hydropiper) Wattleseed (from about 120 spp. of Australian Acacia) Wild ...
Wasabi Wasabia japonica (previously Cochlearia wasabi) Cook's scurvy grass, Lepidium oleraceum, was used by James Cook to ...
List of MeSH codes (B06)
... wasabia MeSH B06.388.100.159 - bromeliaceae MeSH B06.388.100.159.099 - ananas MeSH B06.322.214.171.124 - bromelia MeSH B06.388. ...
... may refer to: Wasabia japonica, the wasabi or Japanese horseradish, a plant species Weigela japonica, a flowering ...
Wasabia koreana, Jeffersonia dubia, Iris odaesanensis, Iris dichotoma, Hylotelephium ussuriense, Abeliophyllum distichum, ...
... a synonym for Wasabia japonica, the wasabi or Japanese horseradish, a cultivated plant species Japonica (disambiguation) This ...
Real Wasabi, LLC. / Purveyors of Authentic Wasabia Japonica
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- 18. Antioxidant phenylpropanoid glycosides from the leaves of Wasabia japonica. (nih.gov)
- Wasabi is made from the grated root of the Wasabia japonica plant, which is a member of the Brassicaceae family, along with mustard and horseradish. (relish.com)
- Real wasabi (scientific name Wasabia japonica) is very expensive, difficult to grow, and there are few producers worldwide, making it difficult to purchase. (nipponia.it)
- Anti-obesity effects of hot water extract from Wasabi (Wasabia japonica Matsum. (bvsalud.org)
- Wasabia japonica contains a high concentration of 6-MSITC and may be the only commercially available source for this natural biomedically active molecule. (wasabia.com)
- Wasabia japonica (Miq. (mygarden.net.au)
- Wasabia japonica is valued for its fiery flavour and purifying qualities. (simplyzen.ca)
- Formulated with Lactobacillus/Wasabia Japonica root extract, ColorKare Mask contain antioxidants to protect hair from environmental stressors. (tk-hair.com)
- 6-(Methylsulfinyl)hexyl isothiocyanate (6-MSITC) is a major bioactive compound in Wasabia japonica, which is a typical Japanese pungent spice. (nih.gov)
- Género de plantas de la familia BRASSICACEAE que crece en jardines rocosos. (bvsalud.org)