Groups of persons whose range of options is severely limited, who are frequently subjected to COERCION in their DECISION MAKING, or who may be compromised in their ability to give INFORMED CONSENT.
The degree to which individuals are inhibited or facilitated in their ability to gain entry to and to receive care and services from the health care system. Factors influencing this ability include geographic, architectural, transportational, and financial considerations, among others.
A situation in which the level of living of an individual, family, or group is below the standard of the community. It is often related to a specific income level.
Persons who have no permanent residence. The concept excludes nomadic peoples.
Print and non-print materials collected, processed, and stored by libraries. They comprise books, periodicals, pamphlets, reports, microforms, maps, manuscripts, motion pictures, and all other forms of audiovisual records. (Harrod, The Librarians' Glossary, 4th ed, p497)
A health care system's ability to rapidly mobilize to meet an increased demand, to rapidly expand beyond normal services levels to meet the increased demand in the event of large-scale DISASTERS or public health emergencies.
A geographic location which has insufficient health resources (manpower and/or facilities) to meet the medical needs of the resident population.
High temperature weather exceeding the average and of several weeks duration. Extreme heat is a dangerous situation that can bring on health emergencies in susceptible people.
Branch of medicine involved with management and organization of public health response to disasters and major events including the special health and medical needs of a community in a disaster.
Differences in access to or availability of medical facilities and services.
Individuals or groups with no or inadequate health insurance coverage. Those falling into this category usually comprise three primary groups: the medically indigent (MEDICAL INDIGENCY); those whose clinical condition makes them medically uninsurable; and the working uninsured.
The use of humans as investigational subjects.
The maintenance of certain aspects of the environment within a defined space to facilitate the function of that space; aspects controlled include air temperature and motion, radiant heat level, moisture, and concentration of pollutants such as dust, microorganisms, and gases. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)
The moral obligations governing the conduct of research. Used for discussions of research ethics as a general topic.
Runaway and homeless children and adolescents living on the streets of cities and having no fixed place of residence.
Social and economic factors that characterize the individual or group within the social structure.
Federal program, created by Public Law 89-97, Title XIX, a 1965 amendment to the Social Security Act, administered by the states, that provides health care benefits to indigent and medically indigent persons.
Variation in rates of disease occurrence and disabilities between population groups defined by socioeconomic characteristics such as age, ethnicity, economic resources, or gender and populations identified geographically or similar measures.
People who frequently change their place of residence.
Persons fleeing to a place of safety, especially those who flee to a foreign country or power to escape danger or persecution in their own country or habitual residence because of race, religion, or political belief. (Webster, 3d ed)
Facilities which administer the delivery of health care services to people living in a community or neighborhood.
The interactions between members of a community and representatives of the institutions within that community.
Voluntary authorization, by a patient or research subject, with full comprehension of the risks involved, for diagnostic or investigative procedures, and for medical and surgical treatment.
Collaborative process of research involving researchers and community representatives.
An interactive process whereby members of a community are concerned for the equality and rights of all.
Calamities producing great damage, loss of life, and distress. They include results of natural phenomena and man-made phenomena. Normal conditions of existence are disrupted and the level of impact exceeds the capacity of the hazard-affected community.
Health services required by a population or community as well as the health services that the population or community is able and willing to pay for.
Health services, public or private, in urban areas. The services include the promotion of health and the delivery of health care.
Includes the spectrum of human immunodeficiency virus infections that range from asymptomatic seropositivity, thru AIDS-related complex (ARC), to acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS).
Penal institutions, or places of confinement for war prisoners.
Persons living in the United States of Mexican (MEXICAN AMERICANS), Puerto Rican, Cuban, Central or South American, or other Spanish culture or origin. The concept does not include Brazilian Americans or Portuguese Americans.
Encouraging consumer behaviors most likely to optimize health potentials (physical and psychosocial) through health information, preventive programs, and access to medical care.
A group of people with a common cultural heritage that sets them apart from others in a variety of social relationships.
The inhabitants of a city or town, including metropolitan areas and suburban areas.
The total number of cases of a given disease in a specified population at a designated time. It is differentiated from INCIDENCE, which refers to the number of new cases in the population at a given time.
Branch of medicine concerned with the prevention and control of disease and disability, and the promotion of physical and mental health of the population on the international, national, state, or municipal level.
Disorders related to substance abuse.
Persons living in the United States having origins in any of the black groups of Africa.
Systematic identification of a population's needs or the assessment of individuals to determine the proper level of services needed.
Innovation and improvement of the health care system by reappraisal, amendment of services, and removal of faults and abuses in providing and distributing health services to patients. It includes a re-alignment of health services and health insurance to maximum demographic elements (the unemployed, indigent, uninsured, elderly, inner cities, rural areas) with reference to coverage, hospitalization, pricing and cost containment, insurers' and employers' costs, pre-existing medical conditions, prescribed drugs, equipment, and services.
Decisions, usually developed by government policymakers, for determining present and future objectives pertaining to the health care system.
An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.
An infant during the first month after birth.
Health care provided on a continuing basis from the initial contact, following the patient through all phases of medical care.
Predetermined sets of questions used to collect data - clinical data, social status, occupational group, etc. The term is often applied to a self-completed survey instrument.
A subgroup having special characteristics within a larger group, often bound together by special ties which distinguish it from the larger group.
The inhabitants of rural areas or of small towns classified as rural.
City, urban, rural, or suburban areas which are characterized by severe economic deprivation and by accompanying physical and social decay.
Any type of research that employs nonnumeric information to explore individual or group characteristics, producing findings not arrived at by statistical procedures or other quantitative means. (Qualitative Inquiry: A Dictionary of Terms Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications, 1997)
Statistical measures of utilization and other aspects of the provision of health care services including hospitalization and ambulatory care.
Insurance providing coverage of medical, surgical, or hospital care in general or for which there is no specific heading.
A method of data collection and a QUALITATIVE RESEARCH tool in which a small group of individuals are brought together and allowed to interact in a discussion of their opinions about topics, issues, or questions.
Statistical models which describe the relationship between a qualitative dependent variable (that is, one which can take only certain discrete values, such as the presence or absence of a disease) and an independent variable. A common application is in epidemiology for estimating an individual's risk (probability of a disease) as a function of a given risk factor.
Sexual activities of humans.
Studies in which the presence or absence of disease or other health-related variables are determined in each member of the study population or in a representative sample at one particular time. This contrasts with LONGITUDINAL STUDIES which are followed over a period of time.
The concept concerned with all aspects of providing and distributing health services to a patient population.
Methods to identify and characterize cancer in the early stages of disease and predict tumor behavior.
Living facilities for humans.
Generally refers to the amount of protection available and the kind of loss which would be paid for under an insurance contract with an insurer. (Slee & Slee, Health Care Terms, 2d ed)
A preconceived judgment made without factual basis.
Conversations with an individual or individuals held in order to obtain information about their background and other personal biographical data, their attitudes and opinions, etc. It includes school admission or job interviews.
The integration of epidemiologic, sociological, economic, and other analytic sciences in the study of health services. Health services research is usually concerned with relationships between need, demand, supply, use, and outcome of health services. The aim of the research is evaluation, particularly in terms of structure, process, output, and outcome. (From Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 2d ed)
Psychiatric illness or diseases manifested by breakdowns in the adaptational process expressed primarily as abnormalities of thought, feeling, and behavior producing either distress or impairment of function.
Undertaking a task involving a challenge for achievement or a desirable goal in which there is a lack of certainty or a fear of failure. It may also include the exhibiting of certain behaviors whose outcomes may present a risk to the individual or to those associated with him or her.
The state wherein the person is well adjusted.
Knowledge, attitudes, and associated behaviors which pertain to health-related topics such as PATHOLOGIC PROCESSES or diseases, their prevention, and treatment. This term refers to non-health workers and health workers (HEALTH PERSONNEL).
Countries in the process of change with economic growth, that is, an increase in production, per capita consumption, and income. The process of economic growth involves better utilization of natural and human resources, which results in a change in the social, political, and economic structures.
Studies designed to assess the efficacy of programs. They may include the evaluation of cost-effectiveness, the extent to which objectives are met, or impact.
The concept pertaining to the health status of inhabitants of the world.
The seeking and acceptance by patients of health service.
The levels of excellence which characterize the health service or health care provided based on accepted standards of quality.
The status during which female mammals carry their developing young (EMBRYOS or FETUSES) in utero before birth, beginning from FERTILIZATION to BIRTH.
The exposure to potentially harmful chemical, physical, or biological agents in the environment or to environmental factors that may include ionizing radiation, pathogenic organisms, or toxic chemicals.
Federal program, created by Public Law 89-97, Title XVIII-Health Insurance for the Aged, a 1965 amendment to the Social Security Act, that provides health insurance benefits to persons over the age of 65 and others eligible for Social Security benefits. It consists of two separate but coordinated programs: hospital insurance (MEDICARE PART A) and supplementary medical insurance (MEDICARE PART B). (Hospital Administration Terminology, AHA, 2d ed and A Discursive Dictionary of Health Care, US House of Representatives, 1976)
Abuse, overuse, or misuse of a substance by its injection into a vein.
Care which provides integrated, accessible health care services by clinicians who are accountable for addressing a large majority of personal health care needs, developing a sustained partnership with patients, and practicing in the context of family and community. (JAMA 1995;273(3):192)
Support systems that provide assistance and encouragement to individuals with physical or emotional disabilities in order that they may better cope. Informal social support is usually provided by friends, relatives, or peers, while formal assistance is provided by churches, groups, etc.
Ongoing scrutiny of a population (general population, study population, target population, etc.), generally using methods distinguished by their practicability, uniformity, and frequently their rapidity, rather than by complete accuracy.
The qualitative or quantitative estimation of the likelihood of adverse effects that may result from exposure to specified health hazards or from the absence of beneficial influences. (Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 1988)
Sudden increase in the incidence of a disease. The concept includes EPIDEMICS and PANDEMICS.
Elements of residence that characterize a population. They are applicable in determining need for and utilization of health services.
Organized periodic procedures performed on large groups of people for the purpose of detecting disease.
Age as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or the effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from AGING, a physiological process, and TIME FACTORS which refers only to the passage of time.
The largest country in North America, comprising 10 provinces and three territories. Its capital is Ottawa.
The number of new cases of a given disease during a given period in a specified population. It also is used for the rate at which new events occur in a defined population. It is differentiated from PREVALENCE, which refers to all cases, new or old, in the population at a given time.
The level of health of the individual, group, or population as subjectively assessed by the individual or by more objective measures.
Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of systems, processes, or phenomena. They include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.
Criteria and standards used for the determination of the appropriateness of the inclusion of patients with specific conditions in proposed treatment plans and the criteria used for the inclusion of subjects in various clinical trials and other research protocols.
Systematic gathering of data for a particular purpose from various sources, including questionnaires, interviews, observation, existing records, and electronic devices. The process is usually preliminary to statistical analysis of the data.
Diseases which have one or more of the following characteristics: they are permanent, leave residual disability, are caused by nonreversible pathological alteration, require special training of the patient for rehabilitation, or may be expected to require a long period of supervision, observation, or care. (Dictionary of Health Services Management, 2d ed)
Studies in which subsets of a defined population are identified. These groups may or may not be exposed to factors hypothesized to influence the probability of the occurrence of a particular disease or other outcome. Cohorts are defined populations which, as a whole, are followed in an attempt to determine distinguishing subgroup characteristics.
Statistical models in which the value of a parameter for a given value of a factor is assumed to be equal to a + bx, where a and b are constants. The models predict a linear regression.
The presence of co-existing or additional diseases with reference to an initial diagnosis or with reference to the index condition that is the subject of study. Comorbidity may affect the ability of affected individuals to function and also their survival; it may be used as a prognostic indicator for length of hospital stay, cost factors, and outcome or survival.
Observation of a population for a sufficient number of persons over a sufficient number of years to generate incidence or mortality rates subsequent to the selection of the study group.
Behaviors expressed by individuals to protect, maintain or promote their health status. For example, proper diet, and appropriate exercise are activities perceived to influence health status. Life style is closely associated with health behavior and factors influencing life style are socioeconomic, educational, and cultural.
A stratum of people with similar position and prestige; includes social stratification. Social class is measured by criteria such as education, occupation, and income.
Maleness or femaleness as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from SEX CHARACTERISTICS, anatomical or physiological manifestations of sex, and from SEX DISTRIBUTION, the number of males and females in given circumstances.
Individuals whose ancestral origins are in the continent of Europe.
A systematic collection of factual data pertaining to health and disease in a human population within a given geographic area.
Studies used to test etiologic hypotheses in which inferences about an exposure to putative causal factors are derived from data relating to characteristics of persons under study or to events or experiences in their past. The essential feature is that some of the persons under study have the disease or outcome of interest and their characteristics are compared with those of unaffected persons.
Small-scale tests of methods and procedures to be used on a larger scale if the pilot study demonstrates that these methods and procedures can work.
Depressive states usually of moderate intensity in contrast with major depression present in neurotic and psychotic disorders.
Regular course of eating and drinking adopted by a person or animal.
Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.
Inhaling and exhaling the smoke of burning TOBACCO.
A status with BODY WEIGHT that is grossly above the acceptable or desirable weight, usually due to accumulation of excess FATS in the body. The standards may vary with age, sex, genetic or cultural background. In the BODY MASS INDEX, a BMI greater than 30.0 kg/m2 is considered obese, and a BMI greater than 40.0 kg/m2 is considered morbidly obese (MORBID OBESITY).
A set of techniques used when variation in several variables has to be studied simultaneously. In statistics, multivariate analysis is interpreted as any analytic method that allows simultaneous study of two or more dependent variables.
Levels within a diagnostic group which are established by various measurement criteria applied to the seriousness of a patient's disorder.
Studies in which individuals or populations are followed to assess the outcome of exposures, procedures, or effects of a characteristic, e.g., occurrence of disease.
Studies in which variables relating to an individual or group of individuals are assessed over a period of time.
Evaluation undertaken to assess the results or consequences of management and procedures used in combating disease in order to determine the efficacy, effectiveness, safety, and practicability of these interventions in individual cases or series.

Selecting subjects for participation in clinical research: one sphere of justice. (1/928)

Recent guidelines from the US National Institutes of Health (NIH) mandate the inclusion of adequate numbers of women in clinical trials. Ought such standards to apply internationally? Walzer's theory of justice is brought to bear on the problem, the first use of the theory in research ethics, and it argues for broad application of the principle of adequate representation. A number of practical conclusions for research ethics committees (RECs) are outlined. Eligibility criteria in clinical trials ought to be justified by trial designers. Research ethics committees ought to question criteria that seem to exclude unnecessarily women from research participation. The issue of adequate representation should be construed broadly, so as to include consideration of the representation of the elderly, persons with HIV, mental illness and substance abuse disorders in clinical research.  (+info)

Confidentiality and HIV status in Kwazulu-Natal, South Africa: implications, resistances and challenges. (2/928)

This article provides a contextualized comparison and analysis of the former Kwazulu and the new Kwazulu-Natal policy documents on HIV confidentiality, the differing practices within the region, and their implications for support and gender. It is based on interviews with key players in the regional NACOSA (National AIDS Convention of South Africa), and participation in meetings between August and November 1995. The main division is between those influenced by other rural African models, especially the Zambian concept of "shared confidentiality' as a way of ensuring support, and who have gone on to develop more community-based practices to destigmatize the disease, in contrast with the stronger emphasis in the new document on individual rights, assuming a more urban constituency, and where "shared confidentiality' is much more circumscribed. One of the difficulties of the new policy in which "confidentiality' is interpreted as "secrecy', is that it would seem to foreclose and neutralize lay and community support, as distinct from the earlier and unacknowledged policy of former Kwazulu. It also seeks to provide an enhanced role for professional counsellors. This psychologizing of the infection and the distancing from "community', and from women's groups, is surprising in a country in whose townships "community' remains a powerful motivating symbol, and where NGOs and peer groups have been identified everywhere as central to effective HIV/AIDS related prevention, care and support for behavior change.  (+info)

Health outcomes and managed care: discussing the hidden issues. (3/928)

Too often the debate over health outcomes and managed care has glossed over a series of complex social, political, and ethical issues. Exciting advances in outcomes research have raised hopes for logical medical reform. However, science alone will not optimize our patients' health, since value judgements are necessary and integral parts of attempts to improve health outcomes within managed care organizations. Therefore, to form healthcare policy that is both fair and efficient, we must examine the fundamental values and ethical concerns that are imbedded in our efforts to shape care. We must openly discuss the hidden issues including: (1) trade-offs between standardization of care and provider-patient autonomy; (2) effects of financial incentives on physicians' professionalism; (3) opportunity costs inherent in the design of insurance plans; (4) responsibilities of managed care plans for the health of the public; (5) judicious and valid uses of data systems; and (6) the politics of uncertainty.  (+info)

Indigenous peoples and the morality of the Human Genome Diversity Project. (4/928)

In addition to the aim of mapping and sequencing one human's genome, the Human Genome Project also intends to characterise the genetic diversity of the world's peoples. The Human Genome Diversity Project raises political, economic and ethical issues. These intersect clearly when the genomes under study are those of indigenous peoples who are already subject to serious economic, legal and/or social disadvantage and discrimination. The fact that some individuals associated with the project have made dismissive comments about indigenous peoples has confused rather than illuminated the deeper issues involved, as well as causing much antagonism among indigenous peoples. There are more serious ethical issues raised by the project for all geneticists, including those who are sympathetic to the problems of indigenous peoples. With particular attention to the history and attitudes of Australian indigenous peoples, we argue that the Human Genome Diversity Project can only proceed if those who further its objectives simultaneously: respect the cultural beliefs of indigenous peoples; publicly support the efforts of indigenous peoples to achieve respect and equality; express respect by a rigorous understanding of the meaning of equitable negotiation of consent, and ensure that both immediate and long term economic benefits from the research flow back to the groups taking part.  (+info)

Impact of therapeutic research on informed consent and the ethics of clinical trials: a medical oncology perspective. (5/928)

PURPOSE: To create a more meaningful understanding of the informed consent process as it has come to be practiced and regulated in clinical trials, this discussion uses the experience gained from the conduct of therapeutic research that involves cancer patients. DESIGN: After an introduction of the ethical tenets of the consent process in clinical research that involves potentially vulnerable patients as research subjects, background that details the use of written consent documents and of the term "informed consent" is provided. Studies from the cancer setting that examine the inadequacies of written consent documents, and the outcome of the consent process itself, are reviewed. Two ethically challenging areas of cancer clinical research, the phase I trial and the randomized controlled trial, are discussed briefly as a means of highlighting many dilemmas present in clinical trials. Before concluding, areas for future research are discussed. RESULTS: Through an exclusive cancer research perspective, many current deficiencies in the informed consent process for therapeutic clinical trials can be critically examined. Also, new directions for improvements and areas of further research can be outlined and discussed objectively. The goals of such improvements and research should be prevention of further misguided or ineffective efforts to regulate the informed consent process. CONCLUSION: To ignore this rich and interesting perspective potentially contributes to continued misunderstanding and apathy toward fulfilling the regulatory and ethically obligatory requirements involved in an essential communication process between a clinician-investigator and a potentially vulnerable patient who is considering clinical trial participation.  (+info)

Protective truthfulness: the Chinese way of safeguarding patients in informed treatment decisions. (6/928)

The first part of this paper examines the practice of informed treatment decisions in the protective medical system in China today. The second part examines how health care professionals in China perceive and carry out their responsibilities when relaying information to vulnerable patients, based on the findings of an empirical study that I had undertaken to examine the moral experience of nurses in practice situations. In the Chinese medical ethics tradition, refinement [jing] in skills and sincerity [cheng] in relating to patients are two cardinal virtues that health care professionals are required to possess. This notion of absolute sincerity carries a strong sense of parental protectiveness. The empirical findings reveal that most nurses are ambivalent about telling the truth to patients. Truth-telling would become an insincere act if a patient were to lose hope and confidence in life after learning of his or her disease. In this system of protective medical care, it is arguable as to whose interests are being protected: the patient, the family or the hospital. I would suggest that the interests of the hospital and the family members who legitimately represent the patient's interests are being honoured, but at the expense of the patient's right to know.  (+info)

Ancient Chinese medical ethics and the four principles of biomedical ethics. (7/928)

The four principles approach to biomedical ethics (4PBE) has, since the 1970s, been increasingly developed as a universal bioethics method. Despite its wide acceptance and popularity, the 4PBE has received many challenges to its cross-cultural plausibility. This paper first specifies the principles and characteristics of ancient Chinese medical ethics (ACME), then makes a comparison between ACME and the 4PBE with a view to testing out the 4PBE's cross-cultural plausibility when applied to one particular but very extensive and prominent cultural context. The result shows that the concepts of respect for autonomy, non-maleficence, beneficence and justice are clearly identifiable in ACME. Yet, being influenced by certain socio-cultural factors, those applying the 4PBE in Chinese society may tend to adopt a "beneficence-oriented", rather than an "autonomy-oriented" approach, which, in general, is dissimilar to the practice of contemporary Western bioethics, where "autonomy often triumphs".  (+info)

Human rights is a US problem, too: the case of women and HIV. (8/928)

Overall, US AIDS incidence and mortality have shown significant declines since 1996, probably because of new antiviral therapies. For women, however, these benefits have been much less pronounced than for men. At the heart of women's HIV risk is gender-based discrimination, which keeps women, and especially women of color, poor and dependent. Although human rights issues are often linked with AIDS issues abroad, in the US they receive insufficient attention in our response to women's HIV risk. Advocacy from public health professionals is needed to overcome the longstanding paternalistic attitudes of federal agencies toward women and to change the paradigm of women's HIV/AIDS prevention and care. Examples of unjust and punitive social policies that may affect women's HIV risk include the 1996 welfare policy legislation, drug treatment policies for women, and women's access to medical research and technology. The overriding public health response to AIDS consists of behavioral interventions aimed at the individual. But this approach will not successfully address the issues of women with AIDS until efforts are made to eliminate society's unjust and unhealthy laws, policies, and practicles.  (+info)

Being invited into a womans space to hear her story is an honor and a privilege not to be taken lightly.. Two specific groups of women who are often vulnerable, isolated, and feel very misunderstood are those who have experienced abuse, either physical or sexual. Women who have been abused, whether past or present, have the inclination to struggle with shame and contempt, which can cause them to feel condemnation more readily.. While most of us desire to show loving-kindness toward these women, our words may not always flow well. Its normal when we come face to face with atrocities such as abuse that we shudder not knowing what to do. We may begin to frantically search our mind for the right thing to say-or worse yet- inadvertently say the wrong thing. Let me encourage you with a few practical steps you can take.. Seven Ways to Minister to a Vulnerable Woman. Simply be present.. Dont run away-literally or mentally.. Dont condemn.. Dont minimize.. Do acknowledge their pain (Gal. ...
[Fuji Xerox (Japan)] Home | About Fuji Xerox | Sustainability Report 2015 | Helping to Educate Children in Disadvantaged Communities - [Sustainability Report introduces the challenges Fuji Xerox faces and the status of our performances grappling with these issues.]
CalEnviroScreen was designed by the California Environmental Protection Agency (CalEPA) to serve as a tool for identifying Californias most disadvantaged communities when prioritizing time, resources, and programs in those portions of the state that are most in need of assistance. However, the tool has long been criticized by disparate groups with widespread interests for its flaws in methodology. And while an update (CalEnviroScreen 3.0) was released late last year, the issue at hand remains unaddressed - and perhaps, worse. The latest version of the CalEnviroScreen tool continues to ignore Californias most disadvantaged communities, both rural and urban.. In total, 30 of Californias 58 counties do not have a single census tract identified in the top 25 percent scores of CalEnviroScreen - the methodology now used to consider applicants for Cap-and-Trade funding for disadvantaged communities. The use of CalEnviroScreen as a screening tool for grant solicitations and awards completely excludes ...
Almost 90 percent of residents living in long-term care facilities have some type of mobility limitation, which worsens quickly once they move into a long-term care facility. This means that they cannot easily walk or move around in their day-to-day lives and this can have serious consequences for their general health and well-being. Researchers have shown that exercise can help the mobility of even the oldest of adults but elderly residents in long-term care facilities still commonly sit or lie in bed for long periods of time, in many cases for most of their waking hours. The purpose of this research is to study the effect of a simple physical activity on the mobility and quality of life of residents in long-term care facilities. Researchers will introduce a sit-to-stand activity to health care aides which will become part of their daily routine with residents. The basic sit-to-stand movement is already a part of the daily activities that health care aides do with residents. Specifically, ...
This project investigated the relationship between processes and outcomes of care and aimed to develop explicit criteria to evaluate the quality of care of elderly patients with heart failure.
Older adults are more likely to be afflicted with a variety of age-related diseases and functional impairments that interfere with nutritional status.
Municipalities and public-minded organizations face a challenge in designing effective interventions to improve conditions in disadvantaged communities. Disadvantaged communities are subject to a set…
When he was 7 years old, Guillermo Padilla landed in the hospital with appendicitis. While a frightening experience for any child, it was even more so for the young boy who spoke little English. His parents - Mexican immigrants who were determined that their son learn Spanish first - had to translate for him. That made an indelible impression on the youngster.
Its clear from seeing this that New York State cannot be relied on to police itself, said Assemblyman Brindisi, who is also running for Congress. When you have thousands of cases (of abuse and neglect) happening across the state-this being one of the most egregious-we must give some reassurance to families that their loved ones are being taken care of, he added, according to the AP. The call for an investigation followed a just-published AP story that indicated that it is often easier to find health and safety information for local restaurants than it is to learn about conditions at facilities serving approximately one million of the states most vulnerable residents.. In this particular case, a man, 41, was found to have maggot crawling around his breathing tube on two occasions. He was residing in a Rome, New York state-owned and -operated small group home after suffering severe brain trauma due to a 1991 car crash that left him unable to last walk, talk, or feed himself, according to ...
Mark Tully is the interim director of the Institute of Mental Health Sciences and a Professor of Public Health at Ulster University.. Prof Tullys research focuses on addressing population levels of physical inactivity and sedentary behaviour, which are major causes of poor physical and mental wellbeing. His research includes interventions targeting older adults and socio-economically disadvantaged communities. In addition, he is interested in the effects of changes in the built environment on behaviours. ...
Improve Public Payer Reimbursement and Rationalize Payment for all Health Care Services. Levels of public reimbursement are a contributing factor to higher-than-necessary private insurance premiums. Medicaid, Medicare, and the Health Safety Net Trust Fund reimburse hospitals - on average -- at significantly below the cost of providing care. These payment inequities are particularly acute for services to some of our most vulnerable patients, such as for inpatient mental health care. Because of this, we are forced to identify alternative revenue sources to cover our operating costs. One such source is our reimbursement from private insurers. The overall reimbursement we receive from private health insurers ultimately subsidizes our losses from public payer contracts that fail to cover our costs. State budget reductions for academic medical centers over the last two fiscal years have had a sustained, significant negative impact on our fiscal health. But these two years have been different only in ...
The critics of the RCP report are responding with, show me the money. They are saying that the preceding can only be accomplished with a lot more money being put into the NHS. Maybe, the NHS should take a page out of the United States approach to health care reform: better care; reduced cost and improved population health. I am not familiar with how much the cost of health care is in Great Britain, but whenever you seek to improve the delivery and quality of care, there is usually a savings associated with such improvements. Such savings can be generated from Lean approaches, Six Sigma initiatives, labor savings, moving care outside the hospital, standardization of practices and the list goes on. It appears that NHS is really trying to address their care crisis and to protect their most vulnerable patients, the very sick and the elderly ...
To preserve our freedoms, to promote equality, to fight patriarchy and misogyny and to protect the most vulnerable women in society a raft of anti-gender legislation is urgently needed, and the UK government should proudly pioneer it.. This anti-gender legislation must:. 1: Enshrine in law the definition of a woman as a person of the female biological sex, the only exception being those individuals with defined, demonstrable objective chromosomal or physiological abnormalities who do not clearly fit into either sex (as determined by a panel of impartial medical practitioners).. 2: Make it illegal to provide a service, run an organisation, organise a sporting event or run a facility for both sexes where it is advertised as being for women or girls.. 3: Make it illegal to masquerade as a member of the opposite sex for the purposes of entering a single-sex environment or participating in a single-sex activity.. 4: Reinforce the inalienable right to refer to another person using scientifically ...
Heavenly Father, we ask that you let this woman and her family feel Your Presence as they face this even more difficult time. May they learn to lean on You, and not their own understanding, as they face crises in their lives. May their eyes open to the reality of Your love, and the sufficiency of Your provision. May the hands of all the medical caregivers be guided by Your hands as they work to save this womans life. May the prolifers ministering to this family be given constant guidance by the Holy Spirit to always say and do the most loving words and deeds, in this crisis and in all they do as they reach out to vulnerable women. May the ambulance crew have their eyes opened to what Whitney does for a living. May Whitney and his staff have an epiphany and turn from death to life. May their desires to help women be guided to providing real loving help. May they learn to trust in You to guide them in meeting their financial needs, their belonging needs, and their needs for purpose in life. We ...
As $26.3 million in taxpayer money funds the abortion alternatives industry, dogma drowns reason and hurts vulnerable women too.
The Lemuel Shattuck Hospital is a fully accredited teaching facility that provides acute, subacute, and ambulatory care to patients referred by public agencies and private sector providers. The Hospitals services help economically and socially disadvantaged patients to get high quality, cost-effective care from a staff that respects their dignity ...
As a remedy for your medical supplies, you can figure up on CCS Medical on timely and wary haven execution that meets your needs and protects your privacy. This dedicated department develops, with its partners, sustainable solutions to strengthen calibre healthcare and furnish medicines at favoured prices object of the most disadvantaged patients. Dont unhinge kids 500mg actoplus met fast delivery diabetes mellitus espaГ±ol ...
A collection of federal COVID-19 resources for those working with vulnerable populations, including people living in rural areas, older adults, those with underlying medical conditions, racial and ethnic minorities, and people with disabilities. Offers information for healthcare professionals, researchers, community partners, consumers, and patients. Sponsoring organization: Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services.
Health Assessment & Promotion of Vulnerable Population Assessments Tools Analysis Paper The purpose of this assignment is to provide you with the opportunity to examine assessment tools that evaluate on-physical measures. Applying Watsons Theory of Human Caring integrates the mind-body-spirit dimensions. Nurses should be knowledgeable in tools to expand the abilities of nurses to assess and evaluate clients in various stages and states of health, illness, stress, and life.
NIH Funding Opportunities and Notices in the NIH Guide for Grants and Contracts: HIV/AIDS, Drug Use, and Vulnerable Populations in the US (R21) PA-12-280. NIDA
The fallouts from unethical experiments include distrust of public health officials and poor participation in research studies by members of vulnerable populations. People involved in vaccine trials must be recognised as partners, rather than pawns
Little research exists on the impact of behavior change interventions in disadvantaged communities. We conducted a prospective study to explore the effectiveness of motivational interviewing on physic
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Women from lower socioeconomic groups in the UK report a poorer experience of care during pregnancy and there needs to be a greater focus on their care, suggests a new study published today n BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology.
How low can people go? How about beating up two elderly men with Alzheimers? The two alleged victims live at Sunrise Assisted Living in Morris Plains, N
A recent federal report on COVID-19 infections and deaths by race showed that Black and Latinx populations in the US are three times more likely to
Your support helps Urban scholars continue to deliver evidence that can elevate debate, transform communities, and improve lives. Learn more » ...
L courses are supported by Leeds City Council for Leeds Metropolitan area residents, priority given to those living in disadvantaged areas, people not in employment and/or in receipt of benefits, those with low skills, no qualifications, disadvantaged groups or individuals with specific needs e.g. lone parents, BAME groups, adults with LDD ...
Despite the regions significant economic progress, these diseases continue to perpetuate a cycle of poverty among its most disadvantaged populations ...
How does identifying vulnerable patients help health systems achieve population health management goals? By leveraging social determinants of health to…
Suicide is a growing problem and with a shortage of psychiatrists in Texas and the United States, theres real opportunity for primary care physicians to reach vulnerable patients.
High HIV prevalence among hard to reach gay men in Jamaica is associated with high social vulnerability. Background: Due to strong social stigma associated with men who have sex with men (MSM) and HIV, and difficulty reaching MSM, there has been no HIV or behaviour survey among MSM in Jamaica since 1995. HIV prevalence among adults is 1.5%. The objective of this study was to estimate HIV prevalence and identify risk factors among MSM in order to improve prevention approaches.. Methods: Following discussion with MSM stakeholders, an experienced research nurse was introduced to the community and attended their activities. With the help of influential MSM and others she invited MSM in four parishes to participate in a cross-sectional survey between March 2007 and January 2008. MSM were interviewed, blood taken for HIV and syphilis, and urine taken for gonorrhea, Chlamydia and trichomonas (Gen Probe). Sensitive behavioural data was interviewer administered and self-completed. Confidential results ...
An entertainment worker explains the value of ACTED-PSF services during a mobile visit to a Phnom Penh karaoke bar: If the visits were in danger of being discontinued that would be terrible news. The consultations are very important for my friends and I. We are thankful for the condoms distributed and when I faced a problem with an STI, ACTED-PSF provided me with a consultation, diagnosed me and gave me medication which helped me get better. I was even referred to another clinic for VCCT (Voluntary and Confidential Counseling and Testing) where I was tested for HIV. Simple but essential information can make a positive impact in the lives of these vulnerable women.. ACTED-PSF works through mobile intervention teams, comprised of medical staff and outreach workers to provide regular education, counseling and on site examinations to entertainment workers in Phnom Penh. (STI treatment is internationally recognized for its role in HIV prevention). In order to reach these vulnerable women, the ...
Covering health issues as a freelancer based in India, Ankita Rao encountered plenty of misery and injustice, but one incident stuck with her. In less than six hours on a November day in 2014, a doctor sterilized 83 women using the same instrument, merely dunking it in disinfectant as he waited for the next patient to be placed in front of him. At least 13 of those women-most of them in their 20s and 30s-died.. In a story Rao wrote for Quartz India in 2015, she went beyond that shocking incident to uncover the societal forces that made it possible. She learned that thousands of poor women in the state of Chhattisgarh in central India were undergoing tubectomies, often after showing up at the hospital for a different reason, such as an infection. Community health workers get paid a fee for each woman they bring in for sterilization, and risk losing their jobs if they dont fulfill their quotas. The procedures are easy and lucrative for doctors, Rao found, and the women involved are mostly lower ...
Womens Health Goulburn North East is a dynamic, independent, feminist organisation committed to improving the health and wellbeing of women in the Goulburn Valley and North East Victoria.
New guidance say doctors and nurses must provide water to the dying. The National Institute of Health and Care Excellence (Nice) has drafted new guidance demanding that patients have access to fluids. The Liverpool Care Pathway which was withdrawn last year saw elderly and other vulnerable patients denied food and fluids, often without their knowledge or consent, or that of their relatives. However such practices may still be going on, albeit under different names. Roger Goss from Patient Concern commented saying: It is shocking that this has to be spelled out to doctors and nurses. [Telegraph, 29 July] Antonia Tully of the Patients First Network said: We are still seeing a lack of confidence among relatives about the way in which vulnerable patients are cared for. We are continuing to advise family and friends to maintain constant vigilance to make sure that those they love receive basic care, including food and water ...
Methods The training was structured to create a foundation (level 1) Volunteer Patient Companion with the option of further training to take on the role of (level 2) Volunteer Mealtime Assistant.. Training for level 1 was delivered by the Psycho Social Team and covered effective communication, grief, emotional support and dementia. The Clinical Development Nurse for the Inpatient Unit taught the level 2 Volunteer Mealtime Assistants how to assist patients with eating and drinking.. To ensure the safety of volunteers and patients the Volunteer Co-ordinator and Lead Nurse Inpatient Services wrote a person specification to select the candidates for training. ...
Problem: More than 3 million Americans will rely on services provided by long-term care (LTC) facilities at some point during 2013, and more than 1.4
The availability of medicines depends on the demolish of supervision experts be convinced of is necessary earlier you application a particular medicine. This dedicated responsibility develops, with its partners, sustainable solutions to develop mark healthcare and contribute medicines at partial prices quest of the most disadvantaged patients. In this case, you are expecting insolvency peni large 30caps discount potters 150ml herbal cough remover. It is the {first,basic,pre-eminent,in the beginning} {tool,gismo,means,cats-paw} of its {kind,courteous,philanthropic,well-wishing} to {present,present-day,nearby,for the time being} the {current,prevailing,latest,around} {landscape,aspect,countryside,vista} of vaccine {company,comrades,band,party} {behaviour,bearing,comportment,conduct} when it comes to making vaccines more {accessible,reachable,available,approachable} {for,someone is concerned,an eye to,respecting} the populations that {need,want,poverty,requirement} them. A & R,Medical ...
Computer-assisted cognitive-behavior therapy (CCBT) for depression in primary care will be evaluated in a trial with 320 patients randomly assigned to CCBT or treatment as usual (TAU). The study will disseminate a therapy method found to be effective in psychiatric settings into primary care - a setting where there have been significant problems in delivery of adequate, evidence-based treatment for depression. The study will include a high percentage of disadvantaged patients - a population that has been largely ignored in previous research in CCBT. There have been no previous studies of CCBT for depression in primary care that have enrolled large numbers of disadvantaged patients. The form of CCBT used in this study is designed to increase access to effective therapy, provide a cost-effective method, and be a sustainable model for wide-spread use in primary care.. In order to deliver therapy in a practical manner that can be replicated in other primary care practices, patients with significant ...
Social vulnerability refers to the resilience of communities when confronted by external stresses on human health, stresses such as natural or human-caused disasters, or disease outbreaks. Reducing social vulnerability can decrease both human suffering and economic loss. ATSDRs Social Vulnerability … Read More. ...
Join MEASURE Evaluation on August 13 at 9am EDT for a one-hour webinar providing an overview of the orphans and vulnerable children (OVC) indicator matrix.
We worked at Reach-Out Orphans and Vulnerable Children for two weeks as part of our global health externship. So far we have assisted in two free health clinics to the Reach-Out community and its surrounding areas, one in West Kochieng and the other in East Kochieng. Both of the clinics were very successful and had an exceptional turnout of 350 and 400 respectively. We were very thankful to have nursing students from Moi University assist us for both of the health clinics. Collectively we were able to recognize and treat a variety of illnesses such as malaria, respiratory tract infections and eye infections. We also provided wound care and voluntary HIV testing accompanied by counseling.. Pam McQuide and Hezekiah were a big influence in another major project we did of distributing sanitary pads to the female students. We were amazed to learn how common it is throughout Africa for girls to miss up to a month of school each year due to the lack of sanitary pads. Through the generosity of family ...
Weʼre raising money to Help raise money for Megan to visit Malawi to provide support for disabled/vulnerable children who live in severe poverty.. Support this JustGiving Crowdfunding Page.
Background Crucial connections between sexual network structure and the distribution of HIV remain inadequately understood, especially in regard to the role of concurrency and age disparity in relationships, and how these network characteristics correlate with each other and other risk factors. Social desirability bias and inaccurate recall are obstacles to obtaining valid, detailed information about sexual behaviour and relationship histories. Therefore, this study aims to use novel research methods in order to determine whether HIV status is associated with age-disparity and sexual connectedness as well as establish the primary behavioural and socio-demographic predictors of the egocentric and community sexual network structures. Method/Design We will conduct a cross-sectional survey that uses a questionnaire exploring one-year sexual histories, with a focus on timing and age disparity of relationships, as well as other risk factors such as unprotected intercourse and the use of alcohol and ...
Whats been touted by many as a climate win could in reality cause undue toxic burden for poor communities, communities of color
Abuse often leads to depression and medical problems in older patients even death within a year of an abusive incident.Yet, those subjected to emotional, physical or financial abuse too often remain silent. Identifying victims and intervening poses challenges for doctors and nurses.Because visits to the emergency room may be the only time an older adult leaves the house, staff in the ER can be a first line of defense, said Tony Rosen, founder and lead investigator of the Vulnerable Elder
MEASURES OF QUALITY OF CARE FOR VULNERABLE POPULATIONS Release Date: December 22, 1998 RFA: HS-99-001 P.T. Agency for Health Care Policy and Research Letter of Intent Receipt Date: January 29, 1999 Application Receipt Date: March 15, 1999 PURPOSE The Agency for Health Care Policy and Research (AHCPR) invites applications to stimulate and support research to develop measures of quality of care for vulnerable populations, including those whose vulnerability is due to demographic characteristics (such as age or race/ethnicity) or economic status, illness, disability, or place of residence. This Request for Applications (RFA) is one in a series of RFAs to support research on quality of health care being issued by AHCPR over the next several weeks. These initiatives respond to the report, Quality First, The Presidents Commission on Consumer Protection and Quality in the Health Care Industry (Commission), which called for a significant investment in the further development of research, tools, and ...
Vulnerable Population and Self-Awareness Paper Leah Robertson June 19, 2012 NUR/440 Sharon When thinking about vulnerable populations, individuals, and...
The Health Disparities Core is dedicated to fostering the ongoing evaluation of social differences in the outcomes of translation, the development of practical methodologies for monitoring changes in health status across population subgroups within practice settings, and the provision of expertise, guidance and mentorship to junior investigators interested in this special subtype of translation research. This work will take place in both fully insured populations (managed care settings included in this application) as well as in the vulnerable patients cared for by safety net providers (represented by the California Diabetes Program). A comprehensive evaluation of the translation process and its potential impact on disparities would be incomplete without understanding both settings.
The report cited several disturbing cases including one case where a male patient was secluded 90% of the time with no quality of life and no other service willing to take him. In another case, vulnerable women were housed with predatory men but were unwilling to take forward allegations of physical and sexual abuse because they were afraid of what would happen.. In some wards, detained patients were found sleeping on mattresses on floors in doctors offices and in rooms due to high levels of occupancy, commissioners found in the six months leading up to November 2007.. Other cases included a detained young man with a learning disability who had sustained a double fracture of his arm as a result of being restrained, and a deaf man who had been in a special hospital for 60 years.. Unsustainable ...
As a graduate of Madonna University Adult Nurse Practitioner program in May 2006 I have been able to practice as a primary care provider within a nurse managed center for the underserved in the city of Detroit. The education I received prepared me to be able to practice autonomously (independently). Madonna showed me the value of caring for underserved, vulnerable patients and prepared me to be able to provide comprehensive primary care services ...
In the first published research project worldwide on this new approach to testing medicines in children, the findings were announced in leading US medical journal Pediatrics.. The study, which involves the use of blood spots obtained from a simple heel-prick, took place in the Belfast Hospital for Sick Children and the School of Pharmacy at Queens.. The research was carried out by a team from the Universitys School of Pharmacy in partnership with the Regional Neonatal Unit in the Royal Maternity Hospital. It was funded by the Health and Social Care Research and Development Office (HSC R&D) and Action Medical Research.. Principal Investigator, Queens Professor of Pharmacy Practice James McElnay said: This type of testing will obviously reduce the discomfort of medicine testing in these vulnerable patients. What is even more important, however, is that it will ensure maximum accuracy in calculating the most appropriate dose of a medicine for a sick child.. Some 80 per cent of infants in ...
A former police officer who used his position to send thousands of text messages to vulnerable women has been jailed for 12 months, police have said.
Mean systolic and diastolic BP both declined in the years before death in patients with diabetes. This annual rate of decline was significantly more marked (−3.2 mmHg systolic and −1.3 mmHg diastolic) than in the patients who remained alive. Moreover, the decline was evident after adjustment for major organ failure-heart, kidney, and liver-as well as for common causes of death such as malignancies and stroke. These findings may signal an underlying population of vulnerable patients, although it is unclear whether the BP decline is merely a symptom of this vulnerability or is one of several physiologic contributors to the dying process.. The rate of change in BP has been of lesser significance than threshold values that serve as guides to initiation or adherence to antihypertensive therapy (12). Studies of outcomes in those who experience significant changes (either increases or decreases) in BP would be appropriate. Although hypertension in middle age is a risk factor for death, it is not ...
Commoner im a half breed Johor and kelantan JOKE happily married hyper vulnerable women silly~ so so jer tau ttg bola,but Man U fAn :P~ Love fashions tp TAK pandai sgt bergaya,pakai hijab comot. Ya Allah,jauhkan hamba mu dari sifat riak dimana pon hamba mu ini berada My Umi sewing product will be publish ...
MINNEAPOLIS, April 18, 2016 (PR NEWSWIRE) - ARKRAY USA, Inc., a leader in diabetes care products, announced the company has been selected as a contracted supplier for the 340B Prime Vendor Program, managed by Apexus. The 340B program provides discounted drugs and medical supplies to qualifying healthcare facilities to help vulnerable patients gain access to drugs that help them manage their disease state.. The Blood Glucose Monitoring Systems (BGMS) that ARKRAY will be providing to the 340B program includes the GLUCOCARD® Expression™, an audio-enabled, auto-code BGMS that includes bilingual voice features for hearing a test result; and the GLUCOCARD® Shine, with auto-coding, indicators for strip expiration date and hypoglycemia, an LCD backlit screen, and pre- and post-meal averaging to differentiate glucose levels before and after meals.. ARKRAYs accurate, reliable and easy-to-use diabetes management products help patients of 340B hospitals and clinics live healthier lifestyles and lower ...
Some of the most intensive pharmacotherapy today occurs in nursing homes in very complex and vulnerable patients. The nursing home provides an opportunity for highly effective drug use, but it also presents risks for polypharmacy and adverse events. Nursing homes are complex social institutions, in which physicians, nurses, consultant...
A deadly strain of hard-to-treat bacteria is spreading in US health facilities, posing a particular risk to the nations most vulnerable patients, authorities said in a report on Tuesday.
Last week the Daily Mail published an undercover investigation into certain aspects of IVF practice in the UK. Whilst this has highlighted some issues, unfortunately the meaning of published statistics has been misinterpreted and certain aspects of the investigation have been given far more weight than is just. Rather than serving the public good, this has the potential to leave vulnerable patients scared and confused.. ...
has a new research activity or funding: Impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on patient outcomes, telehealth care delivery, and treatment for unhealthy alcohol use in vulnerable patients with advanced liver disease across two healthcare systems ...
Dozens of vulnerable patients could have died after catching flu in English hospitals during the recent pandemic, a report indicates, amid increasing concern that not enough NHS staff are getting themselves vaccinated.
Due to the COVID-19 pandemic and in order to protect our most vulnerable patients, Windsong Breast Care has cancelled its Q & A sessions for 2020 and will be offering fully virtual sessions in 2021. Please know that during this difficult time our Breast Navigators and Surgeons are providing extra support for breast cancer patients. Questions, call 716.626.6300.. ...
Antibiotics are fundamental to modern medicine, essential for treating everything from routine skin infections to strep throat, and for protecting vulnerable patients receiving chemotherapy or being treated in intensive care units.
The idea that we are writing off vulnerable patients is wrong. The coronavirus crisis has not changed our approach to CPR , says palliative care doctor Rachel Clarke
Dying from Inequality is Samaritans report into socioeconomic disadvantage and suicidal behaviour. Produced in conjunction with leading academics, and funded by Pears Foundation and Big Lottery Fund, it sets out how low income and unmanageable debt, unemployment, poor housing, and other socioeconomic factors contribute to high suicide rates in the most disadvantaged communities.. The research evidence was considered at three levels: societal, community and individual and aims to set out the actions needed to reduce the number of disadvantaged people taking their own lives.. The report can be read here. ...
It was overwhelming, but God gently reminded us of what he has called us to do, she said. Our ministry is not to have a childrens home or open a school. God has called Reverend Hannah and her staff to do that. They know the culture, the language, and are doing it well. Our call from God is to help Gods workers do their ministries. … The best way that we can help them, to help the children, is to relieve the stress due to the lack of water.. The center needs a well, which will cost about $28,000, she explained. TBM has received a match fund offer up to $10,000. To contribute to TBM water ministries, click here.. ...
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This motion to recommit is simple, its clear, its direct. It clarifies the protection of vulnerable populations must include any unborn child, Republican Washington Rep. Cathy McMorris Rodgers said. Yesterday Chairman Pallone recognized the potential harm these chemicals can have on child development. Today, Speaker Pelosi reiterated the importance of protecting expectant mothers. By rejecting this amendment, you would be further denying the science of the development of a child in the womb.. ...
Join Nashville, TN in mitigating the effect of urban flooding on vulnerable populations. Working with the Smart Cities Council, Nashville will review all the latest science and determine how data can be used to make its vulnerable communities resilient.
Register for this session Here. Led by the City of Nashville, TN, explore how data can help develop policies to mitigate the impact of flooding on vulnerable populations.. You can find more information about our process and goals here.. ...
We hope to make GovTrack more useful to policy professionals like you. Please sign up for our advisory group to be a part of making GovTrack a better tool for what you do. Young Americans have historically been the least involved in politics, despite the huge consequences policies can have on them. By joining our advisory group, you can help us make GovTrack more useful and engaging to young voters like you. Our mission is to empower every American with the tools to understand and impact Congress. We hope that with your input we can make GovTrack more accessible to minority and disadvantaged communities who we may currently struggle to reach. Please join our advisory group to let us know what more we can do. We love educating Americans about how their government works too! Please help us make GovTrack better address the needs of educators by joining our advisory group. Would you like to join our advisory group to work with us on the future of GovTrack? Email address where we can reach ...
How much money is being invested? $25 million in 2014, 5% of CCIP proceeds continuously appropriated annually thereafter What are the conditions? Distributed to transit agencies per the State Transit Assistance formula; transit agencies with designated disadvantaged communities must spend at least 50% of their funds to benefit those communities Whos in charge? Oversight by
The results of this systematic review provide reason for optimism that interventions for socially disadvantaged populations can be effective and have the potential to reduce health disparities in diabetes care and outcomes. They also have practice and policy implications. The results indicate that short-term group-based didactic teaching aimed at improving diabetes knowledge may be of limited value for disadvantaged populations. To be successful, interventions appear to require organizational inputs and resources that go well beyond traditional diabetes education programs. The time and effort required to adapt interventions to the local community is likely to yield important benefits but must be done in each setting to fit local circumstances. The key aspects of tailoring in the reviewed studies were for culture and health literacy, both of which require substantial expertise and knowledge of local communities. Achieving a high degree of responsiveness to individual needs and making extensive ...
As representatives of Swiss organisations and institutions that have successfully worked - in some cases for decades - for the health of disadvantaged populations, we know that we must constantly evolve to fulfil our responsibilities.. In this context, we declare the following:. 1. Place disadvantaged populations at the centre. Health cooperation focuses on asserting the right to health for the populations where our organisations operate. We will always do this in cooperation with the populations themselves and their civil society structures. While developing our programmes and projects, we will preference the cooperation of the population over purely institutionally driven logic. We are accountable first and foremost to the populations for whom we are working.. 2. Strengthen healthcare systems through cooperation. Whenever possible, we will collaborate with state actors to tailor projects and programmes to dovetail with and strengthen their national healthcare systems, rather than weakening ...
Discusses the federal programs that support nonemergency medical transportation (NEMT) and how coordination of these programs between federal agencies is limited. Coordination between state and local level NEMT services and the challenges that accompany NEMT coordination are reviewed. Sponsoring organization: Government Accountability Office. Date: 12/2014
You may also contribute to a vulnerable childs surgery and recovery by signing up for our upcoming Rwenzori Hike in March or August, 2016. Please email our Giving Office at [email protected] to reserve your slot. For information on our other programmatic interventions, please call our information desk on +256-392-176504, or view our publications using the link below.. Next Page ...
Prosecutors allege the 40-year-old Lynn resident entered the victims room in the Lexington facility after she went to bed and assaulted her. They say the partially disabled woman reported the alleged assault and identified Shungwa as her assailant.. ...
19 people were killed and more than 20 were injured in a knife attack at a facility for the disabled early Tuesday morning near Tokyo, in one of the worst mass attacks in Japan in recent decades.
Vulnerable populations[edit]. Doctors perform surgery with the consent of the patient. Some patients are able to give better ... Special populations[edit]. Elderly people[edit]. Older adults have widely varying physical health. Frail elderly people are at ... Populations such as incarcerated persons, people living with dementia, the mentally incompetent, persons subject to coercion, ... Areas in which especially large proportions of the population lack access include Sub-Saharan Africa, the Indian Subcontinent, ...
Marginalized, neglected, and vulnerable populations[edit]. Interventions serving the general Swazi population, such as ... Other populations, such as children living with HIV and orphaned and vulnerable children (OVC), are left vulnerable by the HIV/ ... and orphaned and vulnerable children (OVC). PEPFAR has additionally identified three key populations: men who have sex with men ... On a total population of approximately 1,185,000[10] this implies that HIV/AIDS kills an estimated 0.6% of the Swazi population ...
... identify vulnerable populations; initiate appropriate responses to trafficking in persons cases; and establish response ...
"Other Vulnerable Populations , Smoking Cessation Leadership Center". smokingcessationleadership.ucsf.edu. Retrieved 2017-06-29 ... While the homeless population as a whole is concerned about short-term effects of smoking, such as shortness of breath of ... The homeless population has unique barriers to quit smoking such as unstructured days, the stress of finding a job, and ... Homeless individuals have the same rates of the desire to quit smoking but are less likely than the general population to be ...
"Monica McLemore, RN, PhD, FAAN , Center for Vulnerable Populations". cvp.ucsf.edu. Retrieved 2020-06-06. "2020 UCSF Campaign ...
VULNERABLE POPULATIONS PROGRAMS, USAID. New US Landmine Policy: Questions and Answers, Human Rights Watch, (August 4, 2014). ... Vulnerable Populations Programs: Leahy War Victims Fund Briefer, USAID, (January 24, 2014). Protecting Lives, Restoring ...
In medical research ethics, the term Vulnerable Populations generally refers to individuals whose situations do not allow them ... The categories of individuals that constitute Vulnerable Populations are outlined under The Common Rule (45 CFR 46, Subparts A- ... Cook, D.; Moore-Cox, A.; Xavier, D.; Lauzier, F.; Roberts, I. (2008). "Randomized Trials in Vulnerable Populations". Clinical ... ISBN 978-0-300-04288-7. Ruof, Mary, C. (2004). "Vulnerability, Vulnerable Populations, and Policy". Kennedy Institute of Ethics ...
The homeless population is considerably more vulnerable to these weather events due to their higher rates of chronic disease ... Author (1994). "Health status of vulnerable populations". Annual Review of Public Health. 15: 487-509. doi:10.1146/annurev.pu. ... The study shows that 26.2% of this population live in the capital, San Juan. Other municipalities percentage of this population ... of the homeless population were men and 24% were women and that both men and women populations, were on average age, 40 years ...
Help vulnerable populations in Israel, such as Youth Futures mentoring programs, residential Youth Villages for teens at risk, ... As part of its efforts to strengthen Israeli society and to support vulnerable populations in Israel, the Jewish Agency has, ... The Jewish Agency also helps vulnerable populations in Israel and around the world. Youth Futures is a community-based ... Supporting vulnerable populations in Israel. Some programs: The Israel Experience programs bring young Jews from around the ...
"Sexual Assault and Vulnerable Populations". www.stopvaw.org. Retrieved 2017-11-26. Ball, H. N. (2005). "Sexual offending on ...
Vulnerable/Susceptible Populations, Asthma and Other Respiratory Diseases of Childhood; 448. Stratton 2018, p. Vulnerable/ ... Ethical concerns arise from possibly vulnerable bystanders being exposed to the not yet known health effects of second-hand ... But workplace safety standards do not recognize exposure to certain vulnerable groups such as people with medical ailments, ... Animal research offers strong evidence that the limbic system is particularly vulnerable to the long lasting effects of ...
... of the population of 26 million (from 1.4 million or 8.5% of 16.5 million in 1987; and down from 12% in 1948 in a population of ... "On Vulnerable Ground". Human Rights Watch. 10 November 2009. Retrieved 18 November 2016. "Iraq". U.S. Department of State. ... A large population have also returned to their homes en masse following the defeat of ISIS and were able to celebrate Christian ... The Christian population fell to an estimated 800,000 during the 2003 Iraq War. Just under 1,500,000 Christians were alleged in ...
"Aboriginal populations vulnerable to H1N1: Report". The Montreal Gazette. 3 July 2009. Archived from the original on 7 July ... with Canada among the countries in the world leading in the percentage of the population that has been vaccinated. The ... when compared to the general population, have raised questions about the vulnerability of these communities to H1N1 across ... David Butler-Jones says Canada is leading the world when it comes to the percentage of the population vaccinated." http://uk. ...
The populations are small and vulnerable. This liverwort forms dark green to olive green mats on rocks or on trees such as ...
while refocusing resources for vulnerable populations. Small business By working with Missouri lenders and small businesses, ...
"Nursing their way not our way: Working with vulnerable and marginalised populations." Contemporary Nurse 27, no. 2 (2008): 165- ... "Culturally safe research with vulnerable populations." Contemporary Nurse 33, no. 1 (2009): 69-79. Huntington, Annette, Jean ...
CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link) Holtzclaw, B (April-June 2004). "Shivering in Acutely Ill Vulnerable Populations". AACN ... Research by Confused.com found that 82% of the UK population had expressed a concern at being able to afford their energy bills ... Nine percent of the EU population could not afford to heat their home sufficiently with Bulgaria scoring the highest of 39.2%. ...
Regions with armed conflict have vulnerable populations. In 2019 there were an estimated 40 million people worldwide subject to ... Among the Ashanti and Yoruba a third of the population consisted of slaves as well as Bono. The population of the Kanem was ... It is estimated that up to 90% of the population of Arab-Swahili Zanzibar was enslaved. Roughly half the population of ... about a third of the population was enslaved. The earliest Akan state of Bonoman which had third of its population being ...
All populations are considered vulnerable to extirpation. "Lesquerella globosa". NatureServe. Retrieved 2011-09-26. CS1 maint: ... The population fluctuates year to year, but on average there are about 2000 living plants at any one time, divided among 33 ...
"Empathy and the Self". Berzoff, Joan (2012). "Psychodynamic Practice with Vulnerable and Oppressed Populations". Falling ... psychodynamic practice and vulnerable and oppressed populations. Columbia University Press. JSTOR 10.7312/berz15108. ...
Populations are generally small, making them vulnerable. For example, a population consisting of a single plant was eliminated ... The latter contains the largest population, which has over 10,000 individuals. A large percentage of the populations are ... Recent surveys have led to the discovery of additional subpopulations and populations. This species distribution has been ...
... and inequities faced by all vulnerable populations. Whenever possible, you will work to improve the quality and availability of ...
He aids vulnerable populations throughout the series. During vineyard worker strikes, MacGyver assists Latino protesters ...
The populations have undergone bottlenecks. Its western and eastern populations are disjunct. Threats to the species include ... Its overall NatureServe conservation status is G3 (vulnerable). Its state and province statuses are S1 (critically imperiled) ... This is a relict species of isolated glacial mountain habitat, and its very small populations are scattered in widely separated ... in Colorado and Montana, S2 (imperiled) in Alberta, and S3 (vulnerable) in British Columbia. Ormes, M. & Cordeiro, J. 2017. ...
... of the district's total population. The Kuban River flows through the district. The district is vulnerable to extended drought ... Population: 86,311 (2010 Census); 87,478 (2002 Census); 76,275 (1989 Census). The population of Novokubansk accounts for 40.4% ... Том 1 [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года [2010 All-Russia Population ... All Union Population Census of 1989: Present Population of Union and Autonomous Republics, Autonomous Oblasts and Okrugs, Krais ...
CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link) Winnik Yavinsky, Rachel (December 2012). "Women More Vulnerable Than Men to Climate ... by the Population Reference Bureau. A report by the World Health Organization concluded that incorporating gender-based ... She is one of the Pacific leaders who are focal about climate crisis and the chair of the Climate Vulnerable Forum. Tessa Khan ... weather and weather events in urban and rural populations. Patricia Romero Lankao: Scientist II, Research Applications ...
Woman and Vulnerable Populations); Elsa Galarza (Environment); Jorge Nieto Montesinos (Culture); and Cayetana Aljovín ( ... The rains cause both landslides or mudslides, and river overflows or floods, severely affecting the populations settled in its ... On October 22, 2017 the XII Population Census, VII Housing and III Indigenous Communities began, which culminated on November 5 ...
Certain populations are conserved in Seychelles National Parks. It is an IUCN Red List vulnerable species. information sign at ...
Provide extra support for vulnerable populations, including providing food for those who do not have access to adequate food ... "V Vulnerable Populations." Food and Agriculture Organization 2012d: "VI Emergencies." Bibliography Katharine Cresswell Riol ( ...
Rubin, Geoff (October 17, 2018). "Serving Vulnerable Populations From Coast to Coast" (PDF). acr.org. Retrieved September 8, ...
The current population of Chinese water deer at Whipsnade is currently estimated to be more than 600, while the population at ... Despite a listing of 'Vulnerable' by the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN), in South Korea the animal is ... A small population existed in France originating from animals which had escaped an enclosure in 1960 in western France (Haute- ... The majority of the current population of Chinese water deer in Britain derives from escapees, with the remainder being ...
... as well as by those who farmed in the river basins to refer to the population of the marshes.[2] ... Maʻdānī agriculture and homes were also vulnerable to periodic droughts and flooding. ... aggravated by the poverty of the dispossessed Marsh Arab population, remain a serious problem.[26] Rory Stewart observed that ...
The new Standing Committee decreed that the population would work ten day weeks with one day off from labor; a system modelled ... he believed that unless Cambodia could develop swiftly then it would be vulnerable to Vietnamese domination, as it had been in ... The Cambodian population were officially known as "Kampuchean" rather than "Khmer" to avoid the ethnic specificity associated ... Members of the Khmer Rouge received special privileges not enjoyed by the rest of the population. Party members had better food ...
Other studies have found that songbird populations increased in places where magpie populations were high and that they do not ... They also protect the chicks from predators, as their ability to fly is poor, making them vulnerable.[35] On average, only 3 or ... The population trend in Europe has been stable since 1980.[47] There is no evidence of any serious overall decline in numbers, ... The European population is estimated to be between 7.5 and 19 million breeding pairs. Allowing for the birds breeding in other ...
Moreover, there is increasing evidence that, despite a range of genetic risks for addiction across the population, exposure to ... the ability of repeated exposure to a drug of abuse to induce changes in a vulnerable brain that drive the compulsive seeking ...
General population. Education of the general public about the risk factors for Ebola infection and of the protective measures ... healthcare workers were especially vulnerable to infection; in August 2014, the WHO reported that 10% of the dead were ... decline in tracking indices of observed chimpanzee populations in the 420 km2 Lossi Sanctuary between 2002 and 2003.[243] ... and that outbreaks result from transmission between viral reservoirs and animal populations.[243] ...
"The Impact of Medicaid on Medical Utilization in a Vulnerable Population: Evidence from COFA Migrants". doi:10.3386/w26030. hdl ... Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2017 (Report). United States Census Bureau, Population ... Factors Contributing to Low Use of Dental Services by Low-Income Populations. Washington, DC: U.S. General Accounting Office. ... Medicaid serves as the nation's primary source of health insurance coverage for low-income populations. ...
... over ten years or three generations and thus is not warranted a vulnerable rating. Also, the population size of the mallard is ... Hunting mallards might cause the population to decline in some places, at some times, and with some populations.[132] In ... The Laysan duck is an insular relative of the mallard, with a very small and fluctuating population.[120][1] Mallards sometimes ... This is because it has a large range-more than 20,000,000 km2 (7,700,000 mi2)[97]-and because its population is increasing, ...
Such toilet facilities can benefit transgender populations and people outside of the gender binary. Sex-separation in public ... under a mission of providing relief for other vulnerable groups.[1]:289-90 The same applies to theories that ignore the ...
This factor is particularly interesting due to the fact that a large population of people listen to music while exercising. ... they are vulnerable to death. ...
Nepal is one of the countries recognized for the well‐functioning immunization system with coverage of 97% population equally, ... mostly affecting vulnerable women and children in the hills and mountains of mid- and far western regions.Though rates of ... Nepal: Ministry of Health and Population. 2011. ,access-date= requires ,url= (help) Nepal Demographic and Health Survey. Nepal ... "Annual Report 2013/2014" (PDF). Ministry of Health and Population of Nepal, Department of Health Services. January 2015. ...
This is because it has a large range and a population of more than 10,000 individuals. Although the population may be declining ... It is also included in the 2007 advisory list of threatened vertebrate fauna in Victoria where it is listed as vulnerable.[20] ... The population in northern Australia is estimated at between 20,000 and 100,000 birds and in southern Australia, 1,000 birds. ... They tear up the ground with their powerful beaks in search of bulbs and edible roots.[4] Northern populations mainly eat ...
While 17 is absorbing the blasts, Goku realizes that he is unable to move while absorbing energy and thus vulnerable, and he ... Vegeta decides to evacuate the Earth's population to the Tuffle planet, using ships and Goku's Instant Transmission, which he ...
In the mid-600s, Gemile was vulnerable to attack by Arab fleets, so Nicholas's remains appear to have been moved from the ... which at that time was virtually all of the male population) would descend to the harbour towns to participate in a church ...
... possibly due to climate fluctuations fragmenting and decreasing populations, leaving them vulnerable to over-exploitation, as ... Overhunting can reduce the local population of game animals by more than half, as well as reducing population density, and may ... wildlife populations have declined by 68% since 1970 as a result of overconsumption, population growth and intensive farming, ... "Migratory river fish populations down 76% since 1970: study". Agence France-Presse. July 28, 2020. Retrieved July 28, 2020.. ...
The focus lies on high yielding and stable cultivars for diverse environments to match the demand of a growing population.[25] ... Therefore, it is less vulnerable to frost, wind erosion, or insect attack.[3] ...
Deforestation and habitat degradation is the main threat to this species, as it reduces where they live due to low population ... According to the IUCN, Myosciurus pumilio, once classified as "vulnerable," has now been listed as "least concern." ... In western Central Africa there is poor environmental governance, illegal logging operation, population growth, and weak ...
"We believe that number is really an undercount."[26] This is confirmed by SNRG-NYC's New York City population estimate of 2008 ... Especially vulnerable are homeless and runaways. The National Runaway Switchboard said in 2009 that one-third of runaway youths ... The United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF) and the United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA) estimate that 2 million children are ... The CSEC Population in New York City: Size, Characteristics, and Needs. National Institute of Justice, United States Department ...
A cross-sectional study of a random sample of the Swedish working population. American Journal of Public Health, 78(10), 1336- ... a diathesis-stress model suggests that the job-related stressors helped precipitate the first episode in already-vulnerable ... Population-based estimates from the Connecticut Upper-extremity Surveillance Project (CUSP). Journal of Occupational Health ... Measures for use in the general population. Archives of General Psychiatry, 37, 1229-1236. ...
The Armenian population was either forced on long death marches to camps in the middle of the Syrian desert to die of disease, ... The region south of Lake Van was extremely vulnerable. The Turks had to defend a line of more than 600 kilometers with only ... During 1918 General Andranik made it possible for the Armenian population of Van to escape from the Ottoman Army to Eastern ... During the Caucasus campaign, Ottoman Armenia was depopulated of much of the entire Christian Armenian population as part of ...
Two lines are then being "line bred". Also, in some populations, such as the Crater lions, it is known that a population ... Thus, similar immune systems may be more vulnerable to infectious diseases (see Major histocompatibility complex and sexual ... Malformations or harmful traits can stay within a population due to a high homozygosity rate, and this will cause a population ... The isolation of a small population for a period of time can lead to inbreeding within that population, resulting in increased ...
The North Atlantic right whales nearly became extinct in the twentieth century, with a population low of 450, and the North ... "Vulnerable" (sperm whale). Twenty-one species have a "Data Deficient" ranking.[113] Species that live in polar habitats are ... Whaling decreased substantially after 1946 when, in response to the steep decline in whale populations, the International ... but the North Atlantic population is functionally extinct. Conversely, the North Atlantic right whale was extirpated from much ...
Many small reptiles, such as snakes and lizards that live on the ground or in the water, are vulnerable to being preyed on by ... In some species of squamates, a population of females is able to produce a unisexual diploid clone of the mother. This form of ... Farming has resulted in an increase in the saltwater crocodile population in Australia, as eggs are usually harvested from the ... so that the predators may attack it rather than the more vulnerable front part.[131] ...
It has been shown that direct predation can cause significant losses to caterpillar populations.[4] The larva's main defense ... The armyworm is also vulnerable to additional parasitoids, varying with location.[4] ... but in high populations they will lay them just about anywhere.[15] In warm weather, the eggs will hatch into larvae within a ... "Population dynamics and occurrence of Spodoptera frugiperda host strains in southern Florida". Ecological Entomology. 29 (5): ...
Interventions for HIV Prevention and Support for Vulnerable Populations: Policy Project (USAID) and UNAIDS. UNAIDS.. ... He has openly criticized the harassment of gay population, sex workers, and drug users, which were culturally widely common ...
Total population (x 1000) Population aged less than 15 (%) Population aged 15-64 (%) Population aged 65+ (%) ... This situation made the region vulnerable to attacks from neighboring countries. This fact forced the King of Portugal to ... "World Population Prospects - Population Division - United Nations". esa.un.org.. *^ "United Nations Statistics Division - ... "Announcement of Population Data : Allele frequencies of 15 STRs in a representative sample of the Brazilian population" (PDF). ...
Similarly, in some instances a small invading population can threaten much larger native populations. For example, Spartina ... The tendency of rails in particular to evolve flightless forms on islands making them vulnerable has led to the ... The model evaluated individual populations rather than entire species. It classified each population based on its success in ... while the population is small, is less expensive that managing the invasive population when it is widespread and already ...
28.4 percent of the total male population, 75 percent of the total juvenile population) during the Bronze and Iron Ages, to ... Females may be more vulnerable to caries compared to men, due to lower saliva flow than males, the positive correlation of ... 29.4 percent of the total female population, 5.3 percent of the total male population, and 25 percent of the juvenile ... "Population, Health and the Evolution of Subsistence: Conclusions from the Conference." Paleopathology at the Origins of ...
Major, Richard (28 February 2011). "Eucalyptus aggregata - proposed vulnerable species listing". Environment & Heritage. New ... Most of the extant population, estimated at 6300 to 8100 mature trees, are isolated. Their seedlings cannot compete against ... This species is classed as "vulnerable" under the Australian Government Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation ... with an isolated population near Woodend in Victoria. It has a very patchy and scattered distribution, as much of the land ...
... against civilian populations in the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Sarkozy once more demonstrated his contempt for law and ... to the detriment of the most vulnerable French people".[82] ...
Disproportionately minority, this vulnerable population is more likely to lack health insurance and adequate social supports ... Disproportionately minority, this vulnerable population is more likely to lack health insurance and adequate social supports ... physician-leaders who will promote policies and practices that improve access to high-quality care for vulnerable populations, ...
... Anil Kapur,1 Maria I. Schmidt,2 and Alberto Barceló3 ... Poor access to care particularly among the less fortunate and vulnerable sections of the society exaggerates the health and ... has the potential of exaggerating another major public health problem affecting the poor and vulnerable sections of populations ...
Yu, D., Yin, J., Wilby, R.L. et al. Disruption of emergency response to vulnerable populations during floods. Nat Sustain 3, ... Disruption of emergency response to vulnerable populations during floods. *Dapeng Yu. ORCID: orcid.org/0000-0003-1350-04371,2,3 ... Emergency preparedness for vulnerable populations: people with special health-care needs. Public Health Rep. 124, 338-343 (2009 ... Vulnerable population groups were derived from the 2011 England and Wales Census, available from the Office for National ...
"Youre looking at the most vulnerable part of the population - the elderly. The coronavirus has a higher mortality rate among ...
... threats and the quick response by WHO and partners to global emergencies has protected millions of the worlds most vulnerable ... "The mortality rate in this highly vulnerable population has remained at low levels…These crude death rates remain well below ... threats and the quick response by WHO and partners to global emergencies has protected millions of the worlds most vulnerable ...
NASHVILLE, Tenn. (WTVF) - Seniors in Tennessee who test positive for COVID could be in line for one of the same treatments given to President Trump to fight the virus.. Governor Lee is asking seniors who get the coronavirus to talk to their doctors about monoclonal antibodies -- a drug that can help keep someone whos high risk out of the hospital if taken early enough.. Lee told reporters last week the antibodies are available and effective especially for people over 65 with underlying health conditions, but many people dont ask their doctors about the antibody treatment, which is not a vaccine, or something you would get before testing positive for COVID.. Medical experts say its important to get the antibodies as soon as possible after a positive test.. Doctors say the infusion takes about an hour, with another hour of observation in an outpatient facility ...
The theme of this years World Population Day is Vulnerable Populations in Emergencies. ... The United Nations Development Programme recognizes 11 July as World Population Day, a day to focus attention on the urgency ... the aftershocks following the earthquake have continued compounding fears of further devastation among the affected population ...
Populations Vulnerable to Fluoride Toxicity. Fluoride Action Network , August 2012 , By Michael Connett ... Accordingly, populations with inadequate intakes of calcium, vitamin C, vitamin D, iodine, and anti-oxidants will be at greater ... Most developed countries, including Japan and 97% of the western European population, do not consume fluoridated water. In the ... Indeed, a vast body of fluoride research clearly demonstrates that certain subgroups in the population are particularly ...
Committee on Research examined emerging hospital-centered practices for effective care coordination for vulnerable populations. ... Caring for Vulnerable Populations. In 2011 the American Hospital Association Committee on Research examined emerging hospital- ... However, this report is only the beginning of the AHAs discussion on improving care for the most vulnerable populations. The ... Since the breadth of the vulnerable population is large, the committee focused its initial efforts on the unique "dual eligible ...
... especially for vulnerable populations across Canada.9,10 Aday et. al defined vulnerable populations as groups of individuals at ... and two studies looked at any ophthalmic condition in a specific vulnerable population. Five vulnerable populations were ... Who are the vulnerable? In: Aday LA. At risk in America: the health and health care needs of vulnerable populations in the ... The most commonly studied vulnerable populations were chronic disease and rural populations. Of the studies focusing on chronic ...
Vulnerable patient populations, including the poor, uninsured and those with multiple chronic conditions, have complex health ... A New Study on Redesigning Care for Vulnerable Patient Populations Feb 01, 2018 - 10:12 AM by Jay Bhatt ... Vulnerable patient populations, including the poor, uninsured and those with multiple chronic conditions, have complex health ... Build a stronger evidence base for redesigning care for vulnerable populations. *Inform policy decisions that affect safety-net ...
... Jevay Grooms, Alberto Ortega, and Joaquin ... The COVID-19 public health and economic crises leave vulnerable populations exposed. *Facebook ... federal and state governments must identify options for expanding access to health care and coverage for vulnerable populations ... We find that unemployed and essential workers are the most vulnerable given their lower income, lack of health insurance, and ...
Vulnerable populations, for the purposes of this RFA, are those made vulnerable by their financial circumstances or place of ... The Report recognizes as vulnerable population groups those "made vulnerable by their financial circumstances or place of ... MEASURES OF QUALITY OF CARE FOR VULNERABLE POPULATIONS Release Date: December 22, 1998 RFA: HS-99-001 P.T. Agency for Health ... The three RFAs are: 1) Quality Measurement for Vulnerable Populations- to develop and test new quality measures which can be ...
Why are health program evaluations important for vulnerable populations? and find homework help for other Health questions at ... Vulnerable populations have a special stake in programs that are meant to improve health. This is because those populations are ... This is important for vulnerable populations because these programs are meant to help protect those populations. If the ... This is important for vulnerable populations because these programs are meant to help protect those populations. If the ...
Study looks at how to redesign hospital care for vulnerable populations Jan 30, 2018 - 02:23 PM ... "Vulnerable patient populations, including the poor, uninsured and those with multiple chronic conditions, have complex health ... the AHA Board of Trustees created the Task Force on Ensuring Access in Vulnerable Communities. Supporting the work of safety- ...
... Maria T. Carney,1 Janice Fujiwara,1 Brian E. Emmert Jr.,1 ... To better characterize this vulnerable population and identify clinical correlates for risk factors, four databases were ... we strive to describe and quantify this growing vulnerable population and offer practical approaches to identify and develop ... Public-private partnerships to help vulnerable populations, linking health-care teams with community and government agencies (e ...
2012 NUR/440 Sharon When thinking about vulnerable populations, individuals, and... ... Vulnerable Population and Self-Awareness Paper Leah Robertson June 19, ... Vulnerable Population and Self-Awareness Paper. Leah Robertson. June 19, 2012. NUR/440. Sharon. When thinking about vulnerable ... Using a population from episode one in the neighborhood I would like to identify why I felt this particular population was ...
... findings underscore the key role of health care providers to help increase HPV vaccination rates in this high-risk population ...
... vulnerable population - Sharing our stories on preparing for and responding to public health events ... Socorro! Auxílio! Communicating with Vulnerable and Limited English Proficiency Populations during Emergencies. One in six ... people living in the United States are Hispanic, making Hispanics the largest racial/ethnic minority population in the U.S. One ...
But to achieve "herd immunity" to protect whole populations, immunization coverage rates must generally be above 90% or 95%, ...
... oral health care system and make recommendations on ways to improve access to care for vulnerable and underserved populations. ... especially vulnerable and underserved populations, lack access to basic oral health care. The Health Resources and Services ... Improving Access to Oral Health Care for Vulnerable and Underserved Populations Released:. July 13, 2011. ... Various factors create barriers, preventing access to care for vulnerable and underserved populations, such as children and ...
This guidance provides support to those working towards strengthening tuberculosis prevention and control among vulnerable ... Public health guidance on tuberculosis control in vulnerable and hard-to-reach populations Public health guidance 17 Mar 2016. ... Guidance on tuberculosis control in vulnerable and hard-to-reach populations - EN - [PDF-920.07 KB] ... Guidance on tuberculosis control in vulnerable and hard-to-reach populations. Stockholm: ECDC; 2016. ...
This has alerted us to examine the living conditions of marginalized and vulnerable populations around the globe, and to reveal ... This Research Topic will focus on interdisciplinary research articles on vulnerable and marginalized populations. The Research ... These issues include being at a greater risk of excluding vulnerable learners from gaining access to equitable education ( ... Topic recognizes that dealing with vulnerable children and youths at risk is a global concern, especially during crises, wars, ...
... activists and policy-makers with the shared goal of improving outcomes for HIV in key vulnerable populations. ... and substance use disorders in vulnerable populations, including injection drug users, criminal justice populations, and men ... ensuring access to scientific developments for key populations, reducing transmission among vulnerable populations; enhancing ... Note: The HIV 2014: Science, Community and Policy for Key Vulnerable Populations symposium is cosponsored by the Joint United ...
Suggested citation for this article: OToole TP, Johnson EE, Aiello R, Kane V, Pape L. Tailoring Care to Vulnerable Populations ... Tailoring Care to Vulnerable Populations by Incorporating Social Determinants of Health: the Veterans Health Administrations " ... The Behavioral Model for Vulnerable Populations: application to medical care use and outcomes for homeless people. Health Serv ... the theoretic framework of the Behavioral Model for Vulnerable Populations (18), and homeless adaptations of both the chronic ...
The cost of working with vulnerable populations is much higher due to the investment needed to get the populations to be at a ... Sybil: I do think that we are far from finding a way to get savings groups for vulnerable populations to become sustainable. ... Gateway: Do groups serving vulnerable populations tend to be more homogeneous than others? And if so, does this put them at a ... Sybil: The ability to save and the power of savings is not quickly understood by many vulnerable populations. Investment and ...
... and Vulnerable Populations in the US (R01) PA-12-281. NIDA ... HIV/AIDS, Drug Use, and Vulnerable Populations in the US (R01) ... Unfortunately, some of the most vulnerable populations for HIV infection do not see themselves as being at risk. For example, ... This FOA will support studies in vulnerable populations to: 1) understand the contribution of drug abuse (both injection and ... Improving access and quality of prevention or treatment services for HIV+ drug users from vulnerable populations, including ...
Nurse partnerships to improve integrated responses in vulnerable populations. International Conference on Biothreats & ... Policy considerations regarding healthcare capacity across the continuum, particularly for vulnerable populations, will be ... Children are more vulnerable to hazards than adults for physiological, developmental, and behavioral reasons. A literature ... and public health nurses also could partner with OHNs to decrease adverse effects of hazards in the pediatric population. ...
Why COVID-19 hit our vulnerable older population hardest. A large percentage of COVID-19 deaths in the U.S. have occurred in ... Former U.S. Vice President Hubert H. Humphrey once said that the moral test of a society is how it treats its most vulnerable, ... The hardest part has been seeing how far we still have to go in supporting marginalized and more vulnerable groups in our ...
The Ministry of Women and Vulnerable Populations of Peru is an organization of the Peruvian government dedicated to affairs ... Official Website of the Ministry of Women and Vulnerable Populations v t e. ... related to women and vulnerable populations. Its headquarters is located in Lima, Peru. The current minister is Rosario Sasieta ... and is oriented towards individuals living in poverty and to other vulnerable groups. It focuses on comprehensive human ...
  • These populations may incur different health outcomes traceable to unwarranted disparities in their care or stemming from special needs for care or barriers to care. (nih.gov)
  • AHCPR is committed to achieving the goals of the President's Race and Health Disparities Initiative: Eliminating by the year 2010 the differences in outcomes and health status for racial and ethnic minority populations in six clinical areas (infant mortality, cancer screening and management, cardiovascular disease, diabetes, HIV infection, and child and adult immunization). (nih.gov)
  • When funders ask implementing agencies to focus specifically on vulnerable populations, in my opinion it is to drive two specific outcomes. (seepnetwork.org)
  • Aboriginal populations in Canada, which include First Nations, Inuit, and Metis people, often have poorer health outcomes and a greater frequency of health risk behaviors than non-Aboriginal populations. (ssc.ca)
  • Legislators are tackling the problem in a variety of ways, including adopting state definitions of youth homelessness, addressing the disparate outcomes for vulnerable populations and protecting the federally guaranteed educational rights of homeless youth. (ncsl.org)
  • She is the PI of an NIA funded R01 that developed the HOPE HOME (Health Outcomes in Populations Experiencing Homelessness in Older Middle agE) cohort, an ongoing longitudinal cohort study examining the causes and effects of homelessness on adults aged 50 and over in Oakland, CA. She is the Co-PI (with Kelly Knight, PhD) of a companion study examining involvement of families in rehousing older adults experiencing homeless. (ucsf.edu)
  • Passionate about training the next generation of researchers seeking to improve outcomes in vulnerable populations, she is the PI of a K24 award from NIA to mentor junior investigators in aging in vulnerable populations and directs the UCSF Primary Care Research Fellowship. (ucsf.edu)
  • Tuberculosis (TB) disproportionally affects hard-to-reach populations such as people who are homeless, migrants, refugees, prisoners, or drug users. (europa.eu)
  • We performed a systematic review of interventions with a scoping component of relevant studies published between 1990-2015 to update and extend previous NICE reviews on the effectiveness of interventions aimed at identifying and managing TB in hard-to-reach populations. (europa.eu)
  • Effectiveness of interventions for diagnosis and treatment of tuberculosis in hard-to-reach populations in countries of low and medium tuberculosis incidence: a systematic review - appendices. (europa.eu)
  • CE implementers are now required to go deep and wide in communities and even target hard-to-reach populations and the most vulnerable. (who.int)
  • USAID programs provide individualized technical assistance and mentoring to help local organizations better serve vulnerable populations. (usaid.gov)
  • Sybil Chidiac of Grameen Foundation discusses what works and what doesn't when tailoring savings groups to serve vulnerable populations. (seepnetwork.org)
  • This is a cluster randomized trial to evaluate the effectiveness of integrated care centers (ICC) to improve access to HIV testing, prevention services, and treatment among high-risk populations of injection drug users (IDU) and men who have sex with men (MSM) in India. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • Integrated care centers have the potential to improve access to HIV prevention and treatment services among vulnerable, high-risk populations. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • Integrated care centers will provide HIV prevention and treatment services to high risk populations of IDU or MSM in an accepting and supportive environment. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • Health centers have been delivering comprehensive, high-quality preventive and primary healthcare to the country's most vulnerable populations for more than 50 years. (ajmc.com)
  • Health centers are delivering care to the country's most vulnerable populations: 1 in 9 children, 1 in 3 people living in poverty, and 1 in 5 people in rural communities all rely on government-funded health centers in order to access affordable primary care. (ajmc.com)
  • As one respondent put it, "Use local health clinics, and other associations like the National Association of Community Health Centers to help you get the word out and create awareness among those underserved populations. (nrhi.org)
  • Additionally, individuals with a substance use disorder are more likely to experience homelessness or incarceration than those in the general population, and these circumstances pose unique challenges regarding transmission of the virus that causes COVID-19. (drugabuse.gov)
  • Achieving a high-performance health care system requires dedicated physician-leaders who will promote policies and practices that improve access to high-quality care for vulnerable populations, including people of color and economically disadvantaged groups. (commonwealthfund.org)
  • Vulnerable population groups were derived from the 2011 England and Wales Census, available from the Office for National Statistics. (nature.com)
  • Data documenting use, addiction and perception among these groups are limited, and little information is available on best-practice tobacco risk communication campaigns for targeted populations. (fda.gov)
  • al defined vulnerable populations as groups of individuals at risk of poor health as a consequence of discrimination by virtue of differences in race/ethnicity, gender and other factors related to social status. (jhu.edu)
  • Measurement efforts designed for the general population may be unable to detect deficiencies in quality of care for these groups. (nih.gov)
  • Vulnerable populations are those groups of people who are more likely to experience health problems. (enotes.com)
  • An example of a group that is susceptible to a specific health problem is African Americans, who are more vulnerable to sickle cell anemia than other groups. (enotes.com)
  • There is evidence that the global COVID-19 crisis is exacerbating existing inequalities and marginalization of vulnerable groups, including exceptional learners, stateless, street, migrant, and refugee children and youths, and the limited use of frameworks of emergency planning with and for marginalized and at-risk individuals. (frontiersin.org)
  • ICCs, which will be either IDU or MSM-focused, will provide an accepting atmosphere in which members of vulnerable groups can drop-in, receive rapid HIV voluntary counselling and testing, risk reduction counseling and services, and antiretroviral therapy. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • Are Savings Groups for Vulnerable Populations a Good Idea? (seepnetwork.org)
  • At SEEP's recent Savings Groups 2018 Conference , Sybil Chidiac spoke at a session called "Reflecting to Improve: Looking Back on Savings Groups for Vulnerable Populations. (seepnetwork.org)
  • Gateway: Why do funders increasingly ask practitioners to tailor savings groups to serve specific vulnerable populations such as caregivers of vulnerable children, young women, people living with HIV, or the food insecure? (seepnetwork.org)
  • Gateway: Do groups serving vulnerable populations tend to be more homogeneous than others? (seepnetwork.org)
  • Gateway: What kinds of challenges do savings groups for vulnerable populations face? (seepnetwork.org)
  • From an implementation perspective, savings groups focusing on vulnerable populations face challenges related to costs, timing and identification. (seepnetwork.org)
  • This FOA encourages research to identify the role(s) that drug abuse plays in fueling the epidemic in vulnerable groups (racial/ethnic minorities, men who have sex with men (MSM), youth) in the United States and to develop effective interventions to prevent new infections and to improve the health and well-being of those living with HIV/AIDS. (nih.gov)
  • This announcement encourages research to identify the role(s) that drug abuse plays in fueling the epidemic in vulnerable groups and to develop effective interventions to prevent new infections and to improve the health and well-being of those living with HIV/AIDS. (nih.gov)
  • To do this, it is essential that research be directed toward understanding the factors (biological, behavioral, psychosocial, environmental, institutional, etc.) responsible for the profoundly disproportionate burden of HIV/AIDS among vulnerable groups (racial/ethnic minorities, sexual minorities, youth) in the United States. (nih.gov)
  • The hardest part has been seeing how far we still have to go in supporting marginalized and more vulnerable groups in our society. (stanford.edu)
  • It seeks to promote decentralization and contribute to the eradication of poverty, inequality, and exclusion, and is oriented towards individuals living in poverty and to other vulnerable groups. (wikipedia.org)
  • Reaching and testing vulnerable population groups is a central topic that the participants in the Off-site COVID-19 Testing Project are raising as a core component of their approaches. (nrhi.org)
  • Social justice groups and community health workers were the identified partners that had already built strong relationships and earned trust with vulnerable communities. (nrhi.org)
  • 9 The World Health Organization (WHO) recommends PITC in generalised epidemics and prioritises implementation in vulnerable groups (e.g. medical inpatients 10 ), but adults with SMI are not explicitly identified. (scielo.org.za)
  • In this webinar, our speakers discussed new research exploring pesticide exposures among two population groups that are especially vulnerable: pregnant women and farmworkers. (healthandenvironment.org)
  • Other groups that are particularly vulnerable to the health effects of climate change include: pregnant women, immigrant groups (including those with limited English proficiency), indigenous peoples, the disabled, vulnerable occupational groups, such as workers who are exposed to extreme weather, and people with pre-existing or chronic medical conditions. (apha.org)
  • In a world of increasing uncertainty and risk from hazards and climate change, indigenous peoples are among the most vulnerable groups. (irdrinternational.org)
  • Mutual Aid Groups, Vulnerable and Resilient Populations, and the Life Cycle ePub (Adobe DRM) can be read on any device that can open ePub (Adobe DRM) files. (ebookmall.com)
  • Key populations and vulnerable groups are two terms that are used to identify populations that are disproportionately affected by HIV due to higher risk behaviours and/or social and structural factors such as stigma, criminalized legal environments and marginalization. (icad-cisd.com)
  • Greater attention and adequate resources to address the needs of key populations and vulnerable groups, and having these groups at the forefront of the response are critical to meeting the UNAIDS 2020 target of 90-90-90 and the Sustainable Development Goal of ending HIV as a public health threat by 2030. (icad-cisd.com)
  • ICAD's publications in this section focus on some of these key populations and vulnerable groups, highlighting the challenges they face globally and the role they play in the HIV response. (icad-cisd.com)
  • In 1990, the population structure had a fast expansive structure in age groups 45 years and above, a regressive trend in the 10-20-year age group, and was stationary for those under age 10. (paho.org)
  • Vulnerable patient populations, including the poor, uninsured and those with multiple chronic conditions, have complex health needs exacerbated by social determinants such as food insecurity, unstable housing and lack of transportation. (aha.org)
  • Vulnerable patient populations, including the poor, uninsured and those with multiple chronic conditions, have complex health needs exacerbated by social determinants such as food insecurity, unstable housing and lack of transportation," notes Jay Bhatt, D.O., HRET president and AHA chief medical officer, in an AHA Stat blog post on the study. (aha.org)
  • Efforts to protect vulnerable patient populations in rural settings will be complicated by an ageing medical workforce, and reduced access to services and PPE. (racgp.org.au)
  • Youth, women, low socioeconomic status populations, and racial/ethnic minorities are especially vulnerable to tobacco use. (fda.gov)
  • Speaking at the workshop, Poonam Dhavan, Migration Health Programme Coordinator for the IOM Migration Health Division in Geneva, explained: "Migration is a social determinant of health, and risk factors for TB can be affected by the living and working‎ conditions, and socioeconomic status of vulnerable migrants, including internally displaced persons, or conflict-affected populations or undocumented migrants. (iom.int)
  • Emergency preparedness for vulnerable populations: people with special health-care needs. (nature.com)
  • GENEVA - The World Health Organization reports investigations into potential health threats and the quick response by WHO and partners to global emergencies has protected millions of the world's most vulnerable people this year from disease and death. (voanews.com)
  • The mortality rate in this highly vulnerable population has remained at low levels…These crude death rates remain well below what is considered acceptable in this situation…And, that is down to a lot of hard work by a lot of people. (voanews.com)
  • An example of a group that is vulnerable to all health problems is poor people since they are less likely to get top-quality medical care. (enotes.com)
  • How do the principles of care affect the autonomy of vulnerable people? (enotes.com)
  • Those facing complex situations diagnosing and managing TB, including internally displaced persons (IDPs), border communities, children, people living on the streets, or people living with HIV, are just a few examples of what are considered to be vulnerable populations. (iom.int)
  • This demographic, those aging alone with limited support, is expected to increase as the United States population continues to age and people live in the community with more chronic illnesses. (hindawi.com)
  • One in six people living in the United States are Hispanic, making Hispanics the largest racial/ethnic minority population in the U.S. One-third of Hispanics living in the U.S. do not speak proficient English, self-reporting their English speaking ability as less than "very-well," or not at all, according to the PEW Research Center. (cdc.gov)
  • Teachers, counselors, and practitioners have encountered major challenges and obstacles in dealing with and helping these vulnerable people. (frontiersin.org)
  • In Rwanda for example, rural communities are able to identify the most vulnerable people and households in their community and provide targeted support to them. (seepnetwork.org)
  • A friend introduced her to Safeguard Young People, a UNFPA-supported programme that brings information about sexual and reproductive health to vulnerable youth. (unfpa.org)
  • However, when it came to testing vulnerable populations, the value of this relationship changed - the Guard would be perceived as an obstacle to testing in communities, which not only did not trust but feared people in military uniforms. (nrhi.org)
  • This review article considers ethical concerns when doing research on potentially vulnerable people who inject drugs (PWID) in a Canadian context. (umontreal.ca)
  • Erik Rau, the emergency services planner for Benton County, said this exercise - which was planned months ago - was focused on improving how local agencies can help the community's most vulnerable people, such as those with hearing or vision problems and cognitive disorders, those who can't get around on their own easily or who have physical problems related to advanced age. (oregonstate.edu)
  • We know that among disaster survivors and victims, we find some of the most vulnerable populations of central concern to the social work profession', David Jones added: 'pregnant women and children, poor people, older people, people with disabilities, people who are isolated or living in residential care and those who might otherwise be at risk. (ifsw.org)
  • 1,2 Adults with SMI have a 2 - 36 times higher seroprevalence of HIV than the general population, 3-6 and HIV-infected people have a higher prevalence of SMI. (scielo.org.za)
  • Comprehensive rehabilitation services are provided to the injured and disabled people among the internally displaced population. (europa.eu)
  • The recent UNAIDS 2016-2021 Strategy, On the Fast-Track to End AIDS , identifies trans people as one of the key populations requiring specific attention. (icad-cisd.com)
  • In December 2017, Republic of Korea (ROK) signed a grant arrangement with World Health Organization to contribute over 2 million USD over 12 months to a project supporting access to health care, improved nutrition and sanitation for the most vulnerable people in Afghanistan. (who.int)
  • With older populations and more people with chronic disease, rural and coastal areas are particularly at risk from deaths from coronavirus, an Australian National University (ANU) study has found. (racgp.org.au)
  • It is crucial to recognize that adherence to WHO recommendations developed for the general population may not be feasible for people living in challenging circumstances or with limited resources. (who.int)
  • But most are not considered 'outbreaks,' as those generally occur within a specific population and usually involve people who have had close contact with one another. (cbc.ca)
  • In London, about half of the people affected by the outbreak have been living in vulnerable situations, including 'injection drug users and/or those without access to stable housing,' Dr. Gayane Hovhannisyan, associate medical officer of health, said in a statement. (cbc.ca)
  • As people across the U.S. and the rest of the world contend with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), the research community should be alert to the possibility that it could hit some populations with substance use disorders (SUDs) particularly hard. (drugabuse.gov)
  • People with opioid use disorder (OUD) and methamphetamine use disorder may also be vulnerable due to those drugs' effects on respiratory and pulmonary health. (drugabuse.gov)
  • According to World Bank estimates (2010), nine per cent of the urban population and nearly half of people in rural areas lacked access to safe drinking water. (icrc.org)
  • It assisted vulnerable people and communities, notably female breadwinners, people with disabilities, impoverished farmers and internally displaced people (IDPs). (icrc.org)
  • Vulnerable Population in the Workplace Back in 1999 the U.S. Health Department set a goal to, "eliminate disparities in health and in access to service for minorities," for Healthy People 2010 (Crist, 2002). (focoprendido.org)
  • Not caring about them is not caring about us, and not caring about our children," Ebi said, referring to the world's vulnerable populations. (publichealthnewswire.org)
  • CNN) - Africa's wild giraffe population has plunged dramatically and the world's tallest animals are in the process of a "silent extinction," a conservation group has reported. (5newsonline.com)
  • Most outbreaks don't 'typically' happen in the general population, the agency said in a statement to CBC News, but in 'high-risk populations such as those living in crowded housing. (cbc.ca)
  • Science Careers spoke with three mental health researchers who study depression among students and the risk factors that make them especially vulnerable. (sciencemag.org)
  • The National Academy for State Health Policy (NASHP) seeks a project director for Chronic and Vulnerable Populations team. (nashp.org)
  • Participants can be vulnerable due to many factors, including addiction, chronic disease, socioeconomic and racial status, and lack of education. (umontreal.ca)
  • The proportion of those dying from COVID-19 is highest in the elderly population and those with pre-existing co-morbidities (such as severe obesity, hypertension, diabetes, cancer, chronic respiratory, renal, or cardiovascular disease) ( 1 - 4 ). (frontiersin.org)
  • Commissioner for International Partnerships, Jutta Urpilainen, said: "The many years of conflict in Yemen have resulted in a weakened health system and large parts of the population suffering from chronic malnourishment. (europa.eu)
  • The theme of this year's World Population Day is Vulnerable Populations in Emergencies. (ippf.org)
  • To address vision health disparities in Canada adequately, a comprehensive understanding of access to vision care, especially in vulnerable populations, is needed. (jhu.edu)
  • The IOM's recommendations provide a roadmap for the important and necessary next steps to improve access to oral health care, reduce oral health disparities, and improve the oral health of the nation's vulnerable and underserved populations. (nationalacademies.org)
  • The UP defines "underserved" as individuals or populations who are disadvantaged because of inability to pay, lack of access to comprehensive health care, or other disparities for reasons of race, religion, language group, or social status. (ama-assn.org)
  • In this paper the subject to discuss is the vulnerable Mexican American population and will evaluate barriers faced by them as well as barriers faced by healthcare workers, and the methods that could be used in order to help decrease current health disparities. (focoprendido.org)
  • Poor access to care particularly among the less fortunate and vulnerable sections of the society exaggerates the health and economic problem when diabetes appears. (hindawi.com)
  • In 2011 the American Hospital Association Committee on Research examined emerging hospital-centered practices for effective care coordination for vulnerable populations. (hhnmag.com)
  • In 2011, the committee elected to examine emerging hospital-centered practices for effective care coordination for vulnerable populations. (hhnmag.com)
  • The current system lacks sufficient care coordination for the comprehensive services this population needs, which inhibits access to critical services and encourages cost shifting between providers and payers. (hhnmag.com)
  • While the alignment of financial incentives to provide care to this population will evolve at the federal, state and local policy levels, hospitals are in the unique position to address the system, provider and patient barriers impeding high quality care. (hhnmag.com)
  • This report, which can be accessed along with the appendices and presentation materials at www.aha.org/caring, summarizes the literature, highlights best practices and makes recommendations for the field on important elements that should be included in any organized program to coordinate care for the dual-eligible or any other vulnerable population. (hhnmag.com)
  • We hope you will find this report valuable in planning and implementing future care coordination programs for dual eligibles and other vulnerable populations within your organization. (hhnmag.com)
  • However, this report is only the beginning of the AHA's discussion on improving care for the most vulnerable populations. (hhnmag.com)
  • We also will highlight additional examples of care planning for vulnerable populations through case studies and reports available on AHA's Hospitals in Pursuit of Excellence website, and we would like to hear more about what your organization is doing. (hhnmag.com)
  • The objective of this scoping review is to determine gaps in the understanding of barriers to accessing vision care for vulnerable populations in Canada. (jhu.edu)
  • Studies published in English between 2005 and September 2017 on access to primary vision care by vulnerable populations in Canada were reviewed. (jhu.edu)
  • To develop relevant policies around vision care, efforts should be made to assess all dimensions of access for vulnerable populations across Canada. (jhu.edu)
  • Vision care coverage is available to the Canadian population through both public and private plans. (jhu.edu)
  • Over the past 30 years, public vision care coverage has been limited to specific pockets of the population. (jhu.edu)
  • Despite various forms of vision health care coverage, barriers to vision care exist, especially for vulnerable populations across Canada. (jhu.edu)
  • 11 The use of eye care providers by vulnerable populations in Ontario decreased significantly after the delisting of comprehensive eye exams from provincial health insurance plans in 2004. (jhu.edu)
  • The Behavioural Model of Health Services Use (BM) is a framework for access to care of general and vulnerable populations in various medical spheres. (jhu.edu)
  • Despite the significant burden of vision impairment in Canada, there is a paucity of literature on access to vision care in vulnerable populations across the country. (jhu.edu)
  • Recognizing these challenges and the ongoing need to improve care delivery within the U.S. health care safety net, the AHA Board of Trustees created the Task Force on Ensuring Access in Vulnerable Communities. (aha.org)
  • A deeper dive into the use and impact of successful performance improvement approaches in safety-net hospitals is critical to contributing to health equity and transforming health care delivery for the most vulnerable. (aha.org)
  • The AHA's Health Research & Educational Trust is leading a study to understand the factors that facilitate successful performance improvement in safety-net hospitals in the United States with generous support from The Commonwealth Fund, a leader in improving care for vulnerable populations and delivery system reform. (aha.org)
  • It is challenging for clinicians to identify these individuals, often struggling with managing the growing difficulties and the complexities involved in delivering care to this population. (hindawi.com)
  • Thus, in this paper, we strive to describe and quantify this growing vulnerable population and offer practical approaches to identify and develop care plans that are consistent with each person's goals of care. (hindawi.com)
  • Thus, we strive to raise awareness of the concept of aging alone without an available caregiver and introduce the term elder orphan to more clearly define this vulnerable population and identify these individuals as high risk in an effort to call to action health-care providers, government agencies, and general public to address their needs and minimize preventable illness. (hindawi.com)
  • The findings underscore the key role of health care providers to help increase HPV vaccination rates in this high-risk population," Klosky said. (newswise.com)
  • Various factors create barriers, preventing access to care for vulnerable and underserved populations, such as children and Medicaid beneficiaries. (nationalacademies.org)
  • The Health Resources and Services Administration and the California HealthCare Foundation asked the IOM and the National Research Council to assess the current oral health care system, to develop a vision for how to improve oral health care for these populations, and to recommend ways to achieve this vision. (nationalacademies.org)
  • Dental schools should expand opportunities for dental students to care for patients with complex oral health care needs in community-based settings in order to improve the students' comfort levels in caring for vulnerable and underserved populations. (nationalacademies.org)
  • Developing a population-based approach and increasing health care systems' capacity to address the health care needs of the homeless have challenges. (cdc.gov)
  • Crowdfunding to Develop a programme providing free health care for a high risk vulnerable slum population in kampala, inspired by Charlies journey. (justgiving.com)
  • Develop a programme providing free health care for a high risk vulnerable slum population in kampala, inspired by Charlies journey. (justgiving.com)
  • Objective To examine the prevalence and patterns of high risk prescribing, defined as potentially inappropriate prescribing of drugs to primary care patients particularly vulnerable to adverse drug events. (bmj.com)
  • The mission of the school includes "meeting the health care needs of our region, especially by recognizing the importance of primary care and providing service to underserved populations. (ama-assn.org)
  • Achieving a more equitable pattern of service to needy populations will require ongoing, active commitment by policy makers, educational institutions, and the professions to a mission of public service and to implementation of the incentives and support required to promote care to the underserved [1]. (ama-assn.org)
  • Founded in 2006, the University of Washington School of Medicine Underserved Pathway (UP) provides curricular focus and support to students interested in the health and care of underserved populations. (ama-assn.org)
  • Mentors are typically practicing physicians who offer valuable insights into what it means to care for underserved populations. (ama-assn.org)
  • The team s ultimate goal is to optimize acute care for these vulnerable victims and ensure their safety. (neoshodailynews.com)
  • The 12-month project will focus on improving access to effective trauma care and primary health care to vulnerable population as well as improving provincial emergency response capacity in Kandahar, Herat, Kunduz, Baglan and Faryab provinces. (who.int)
  • Challenges to physician aid-in-dying for the population in long-term care occur in three areas: assessing cognitive competence, ensuring voluntariness in potentially coercive situations, and defining terminal illness. (nap.edu)
  • and (3) to implement a communication intervention to support tobacco use quit attempts and cessation among specific populations vulnerable to tobacco use. (fda.gov)
  • Students may study broadly, focus on a specific populations or communities that interest them, or explore health policy and advocacy. (ama-assn.org)
  • After providing services in communities for two years, we will conduct an evaluation survey (with biological and behavioral measures) of approximately 1000 subjects in the target populations in each of the 22 study sites. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • In addition to cultural, economic, and language barriers, lack of transportation to an established COVID-19 testing site has been perceived as one of the major reasons members of underserved communities do not get tested as much as the general population. (nrhi.org)
  • UP goals are that students acquire a knowledge base about underserved communities and populations, have the opportunity to discuss issues affecting these communities with other students, and reflect on their role as future physicians. (ama-assn.org)
  • In order to help prevent malaria in vulnerable communities in Anzoátegui state, local authorities provide support for house-to-house mosquito fumigation as part of a health fair run in conjunction with MSF. (msf.ie)
  • MSF teams prepare to distribute mosquito nets during a health fair focusing on malaria prevention in vulnerable communities in Anzoátegui state, Venezuela. (msf.ie)
  • We found that the provision of EOLC in Canada offers insufficient access to palliative and EOLC options for Canadians and that vulnerable Canadians experience disproportional barriers to accessing these already limited resources. (springer.com)
  • Some vulnerable populations are still at risk and face many barriers preventing them access to proper healthcare. (focoprendido.org)
  • Geriatric Conditions in a Population-Based Sample of Older Homeless Adults. (ucsf.edu)
  • Disproportionately minority, this vulnerable population is more likely to lack health insurance and adequate social supports than more affluent Americans. (commonwealthfund.org)
  • Nearly four decades into the HIV epidemic, female sex workers (FSW) remain disproportionately burdened compared with other female populations [ 1 ]. (biomedcentral.com)
  • [3] Although Eswatini has nearly achieved the testing and treatment targets of the 90-90-90 model, [3] certain populations carry a disproportionate burden. (wikipedia.org)
  • Those most vulnerable - pregnant women: mercury exposure during pregnancy has been associated with cognitive impairment, including memory, attention, fine motor skills, and other markers of delayed neurodevelopment, although results are conflicting. (biotechnews.com.au)
  • In Florida the average adult consumes almost 10 times as many grams of seafood per day compared to the general U.S. population, potentially increasing the risk of mercury exposure above safe limits, especially for pregnant women. (biotechnews.com.au)
  • Because the sensitivity of the developing brain to the effects of mercury deposition has been shown in studies of pregnant women exposed through the consumption of seafood, even at relatively low levels of prenatal mercury, we wanted to test this vulnerable coastal Florida population. (biotechnews.com.au)
  • Her research is focused on assessing human exposure to agricultural pesticides, particularly among vulnerable populations including pregnant women and Latina farm workers. (healthandenvironment.org)
  • Her research focuses on the health effects of exposures to environmental toxicants, including pesticides, heavy metals, and per-and polyfluoroalkyl substances, in vulnerable populations, such as pregnant women, children, and farmworkers. (healthandenvironment.org)
  • The United Nations Development Programme recognizes 11 July as World Population Day, a day to focus attention on the urgency and importance of population issues. (ippf.org)
  • This model can be used to identify populations that may be threatened by an increasing presence of pathogens in their habitat. (epfl.ch)
  • When thinking about vulnerable populations, individuals, and families there are so many different keys that affect what makes a person vulnerable. (educationindex.com)
  • Individuals identified in those vulnerable households are encouraged to join a group with other community members who do not necessarily share the same vulnerabilities. (seepnetwork.org)
  • In relation to medical research, vulnerable individuals or populations are at increased risk of being harmed by research due to a decreased capacity to protect their personal interests. (scribd.com)
  • This study was designed to ascertain whether individuals with mood disorders are particularly vulnerable to adverse effects of aspartame. (nih.gov)
  • We conclude that individuals with mood disorders are particularly sensitive to this artificial sweetener and its use in this population should be discouraged. (nih.gov)
  • These populations are among the most vulnerable during any disaster or crisis and require special attention. (ifsw.org)
  • High perceived social support and hospital readmissions in an older multi-ethnic, limited English proficiency, safety-net population. (ucsf.edu)
  • Currently, Hispanics are the fastest growing ethnic population in the United States and as of the 2003 U.S. Census, their population, "grew at a rate almost fourfold that of the general population-13% vs. 3.3%--over a 39 month period" (Keating, et al. (focoprendido.org)
  • These cases highlight the crucial need to identify members of this population in order to prevent medical crises. (hindawi.com)
  • The Research Topic recognizes that dealing with vulnerable children and youths at risk is a global concern, especially during crises, wars, and pandemics. (frontiersin.org)
  • This Research Topic aims to address the educational and socio-emotional needs of marginalized, vulnerable, at-risk, and exceptional learners during and after crises. (frontiersin.org)
  • Seema Jalan of the United Nations Foundation's Universal Access Project writes in The Huffington Post that vulnerable girls' health, rights and dreams are being jeopardized by the decision to cut U.S. funding of UNFPA, drawing on her recent meetings with mentors in the Population Council's Abriendo Oportunidades program in Guatemala. (popcouncil.org)
  • Elvira is a youth mentor with Abriendo Oportunidades, or "Opening Opportunities," a Population Council program funded by UNFPA - and, by extension, the U.S. government - that works to provide vulnerable Mayan girls in Central America, many of whom live in isolated rural areas, with the skills and support they need to improve their lives. (popcouncil.org)
  • Figure 1 shows the country's population structure, by age and sex, for 1990 and 2015. (paho.org)
  • Decades of conflict and economic sanctions in Iraq have caused deep scars, leaving the country's infrastructure unable to cover the needs of a growing population. (icrc.org)
  • This project will generate data that can inform optimal tobacco risk communication campaigns that target vulnerable minority populations. (fda.gov)
  • However, not all savings group programs target vulnerable populations homogeneously. (seepnetwork.org)
  • EFF works to protect vulnerable populations from digital attacks. (eff.org)
  • Participants 315 Scottish general practices with 1.76 million registered patients, 139 404 (7.9%) of whom were defined as particularly vulnerable to adverse drug events because of age, comorbidity, or co-prescription. (bmj.com)
  • The Joint Unit publishes today a report entitled "Marketing practices and ageing populations: how do we address cognitive decline in the elderly within the customer relationship? (amf-france.org)
  • In this context, the report summarises the initial results of the Joint Unit's study of the marketing of financial products to vulnerable older persons: needs and potential issues, protection mechanisms and market practices. (amf-france.org)
  • The goal is to work with all relevant stakeholders to find ways to prevent poor marketing practices with respect to the elderly when they become more vulnerable, mainly due to cognitive difficulties. (amf-france.org)
  • Colombia - IOM and the Colombia Anti-Tuberculosis League, together with the Ministry of Health and Social Protection and Baylor College of Medicine, held an international training on tuberculosis (TB) in vulnerable populations. (iom.int)
  • This guidance provides support to those working towards strengthening tuberculosis prevention and control among vulnerable populations. (europa.eu)
  • It provides an overview of interventions to improve early diagnosis of tuberculosis and treatment completion in these populations, as well as factors to consider when developing programmes for health communication, awareness and education, and programme monitoring and evaluation. (europa.eu)
  • In general, we identify as vulnerable those who are relatively (or absolutely) incapable of protecting their own interests. (scribd.com)
  • The current literature suggests that mHealth interventions can have significant positive effects on HIV testing initiation among vulnerable and key populations, as well as the general public. (nih.gov)
  • Adults with severe mental illness (SMI) display an increased prevalence of HIV compared with the general population. (scielo.org.za)
  • The age and sex ratios among the SMI group were similar to the general population. (scielo.org.za)
  • Adults with SMI have an almost three times greater prevalence of HIV than the general population, after controlling for age and gender. (scielo.org.za)
  • To conclude, we show how the three modelling approaches presented can be combined and integrated into a more general conservation framework to identify vulnerable populations facing high exposure to environmental changes, low dispersal possibilities and reduced adaptive capacity. (epfl.ch)
  • Given the challenges faced by FSW in accessing HIV and SRH services geared toward the general population, we suggest a way forward to support SRH and PMTCT services for FSW. (biomedcentral.com)
  • When diagnosed with HIV, FSW are often referred to health facilities catering to the general population and whose staff may not be sensitized to FSW or their unique needs [ 14 ]. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Margot Kushel, MD is a Professor of Medicine in the Division of General Internal Medicine at Zuckerberg San Francisco General Hospital and Trauma Center and the Director of the UCSF Center for Vulnerable Populations. (ucsf.edu)
  • Much more prevalent than in the general population, says Daniel Eisenberg, an associate professor of health management and policy at the University of Michigan, Ann Arbor. (sciencemag.org)
  • In a 2008 survey by the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration , 6.4% of the general population in the United States reported having depressive symptoms within a 12-month span. (sciencemag.org)
  • Fig. 2: Ambulance Service spatial accessibility coverage for at-risk populations in England during flooding. (nature.com)
  • Accordingly, populations with inadequate intakes of calcium, vitamin C, vitamin D, iodine, and anti-oxidants will be at greater risk of fluoride poisoning. (fluoridealert.org)
  • These issues include being at a greater risk of excluding vulnerable learners from gaining access to equitable education (online/remote and blended education). (frontiersin.org)
  • One population particularly at risk is the Akaki-Kaliti sub-city. (cdc.gov)
  • Pregnancy is a vulnerable period, in which both mother and fetus are at risk for benefit and harm. (ssc.ca)
  • Conclusions Almost 14% of patients defined as particularly vulnerable to adverse drug events were prescribed one or more high risk drugs. (bmj.com)
  • The research teams therefore tried to decipher the impacts of milk polar lipids on the cardiovascular risk profile of overweight postmenopausal women, a population that is particularly vulnerable to this risk. (medicalxpress.com)
  • These findings could ultimately provide foundations for new nutritional strategies to reduce cardiovascular risk factors in certain vulnerable populations. (medicalxpress.com)
  • 9 The strength of association between HIV and mental illness varies according to the presence of other risk factors in these different populations. (scielo.org.za)
  • Mexican-Americans: A Population at Risk Mexican-Americans, especially aging Mexican-Americans are an extremely vulnerable population. (focoprendido.org)
  • Vulnerable Populations-Part 1 Jane Doe University of Phoenix Nursing 531 June 25, 2012 Georgetta Baptist A vulnerable population is defined as "those at risk for poor physical, psychological, or social health" (de Chesney, 2012). (focoprendido.org)
  • On the whole, the literature has been squarely aligned with respect to risk of serious cardiovascular events among the entire population of children and adolescents receiving or not receiving ADHD medications," said Houghton, a principal real-world data scientist and employee of F. Hoffmann-La Roche Ltd, which funded the study. (medscape.com)
  • Indeed, a vast body of fluoride research clearly demonstrates that certain subgroups in the population are particularly susceptible to fluoride toxicity. (fluoridealert.org)
  • Organizations include those working with populations affected by HIV, persons with disabilities, LGBT leaders, and women as well as research and policy institutes, social enterprise service providers, and business and professional associations. (usaid.gov)
  • Using a population from episode one in the neighborhood I would like to identify why I felt this particular population was vulnerable and my perceptions before and after the research that I have done. (educationindex.com)
  • This Research Topic will focus on interdisciplinary research articles on vulnerable and marginalized populations. (frontiersin.org)
  • The Research Topic addresses a variety of issues including the psychological, educational, sociological, health, gender, cultural, and economic aspects of vulnerable and marginalized children and adolescents in developed and developing countries. (frontiersin.org)
  • The Tri-Council Policy Statement: Ethical Conduct for Research Involving Humans broadly addresses many of the traditional ethical principles of research on vulnerable persons, but does so at the cost of clarity and precision. (umontreal.ca)
  • When doing research with vulnerable persons, informed consent should be obtained from an independent person, and comprehension should be checked using questioning. (umontreal.ca)
  • Studies to this effect should focus on experiences, perspectives and needs of potentially vulnerable research participants. (umontreal.ca)
  • save Save 6 Research Vulnerable Populations Research Oncolog. (scribd.com)
  • the course of history, the opinions have greatly varied when the time came to include the sick or the vulnerable in clinical research, especially when the prospects of benefits for the patients were remote. (scribd.com)
  • The issue here is not to try and find the best one, but to satisfy ourselves about what vulnerability means and above all, try to reflect about what are the particular consequences that result from working with vulnerable patients, from an ethical perspective, and from a research ethics committee perspective. (scribd.com)
  • Coercion in Research: Are Prisoners the Only Vulnerable Population? (jaapl.org)
  • Historically, prisoners have been considered an ideal population on which to conduct research because they are readily accessible and in a controlled environment. (jaapl.org)
  • It will include a description of the populations' demographic based on research of professional literature. (focoprendido.org)
  • We research the threats that these populations face, such as state-sponsored malware . (eff.org)
  • Policy considerations regarding healthcare capacity across the continuum, particularly for vulnerable populations, will be discussed. (omicsonline.org)
  • Comparative information about the health and healthcare use of Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal populations is therefore important in the design and delivery of healthcare services. (ssc.ca)
  • There are many other Venezuelans like José who live in vulnerable situations and do not have sufficient economic resources to access healthcare services. (msf.ie)
  • [4] In particular, PEPFAR has identified three priority populations in Eswatini as the focus of HIV/AIDS prevention and treatment programs: adolescent girls and young women (aged nine to 29), men aged 15 to 39, and orphaned and vulnerable children (OVC). (wikipedia.org)
  • Rojas highlighted that the success of treatment in Colombia has reached 76 percent in adults and 85 percent in children under 15, although these numbers are under the goal set for the country (90 percent across the entire population). (iom.int)
  • Also, it provides much-needed interdisciplinary evidence-based studies on vulnerable and marginalized children and youths, specifically in relation to education, psychology, and emotional wellbeing, social work, health, and welfare issues. (frontiersin.org)
  • Children are more vulnerable to hazards than adults for physiological, developmental, and behavioral reasons. (omicsonline.org)
  • The Salud Mesoamérica Initiative (SMI) is a public-private partnership managed by the Inter American Development Bank (IDB), which started in 2011 with the goal of supporting the countries of Mesoamerica to reduce health inequities focusing on the women and children among the poorest 20% of their population. (iadb.org)
  • There is a cultural belief in procreation to increase the population size, and Swazis believe a woman should have a minimum of five children and that a man's role is to impregnate as many partners as he can. (wikipedia.org)
  • Children affected by parental child abuse are a vulnerable population because often time children do not know who to seek help from. (focoprendido.org)
  • This lack of power makes each one of these girls extremely vulnerable to HIV infection, STIs and unintended pregnancy. (unfpa.org)
  • [4] The U.S. President's Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR) has identified priority and key populations as the most vulnerable to HIV infection, due to epidemiological, socioeconomic, and environmental and contextual factors. (wikipedia.org)
  • To that end, we recently shared with the hospital field the result of the committee's work, "Caring for Vulnerable Populations. (hhnmag.com)
  • The change in population structure between 1990 and 2015 is shown in Figure 1. (paho.org)
  • The population of Antigua and Barbuda increased by 48.3% between 1990 and 2015. (paho.org)
  • In 2015, the pyramidal shape shifted to ages above age 45, while the population under 25 years old showed a slow regressive structure, owing to the decreased fertility and mortality rates since 1990. (paho.org)
  • 3 3 Department of Population, Family and Reproductive Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, USA. (nih.gov)
  • You're looking at the most vulnerable part of the population - the elderly. (brownsvilleherald.com)
  • Are the elderly more vulnerable to cancer? (enotes.com)
  • Former U.S. Vice President Hubert H. Humphrey once said that the moral test of a society is how it treats its most vulnerable, among them "those who are in the twilight of their life, the elderly. (stanford.edu)
  • There are many vulnerable populations and this paper will concentrate on the elderly. (focoprendido.org)
  • The US census bureau estimated in 2011, the population of elderly persons 65 and over living in the U.S. to be 311,501,917. (focoprendido.org)
  • We aimed to assess whether the mentally ill are a vulnerable population in South Africa. (scielo.org.za)
  • It is in that spirit that we hold today's hearing, which focuses on the experiences of vulnerable and underserved populations during disasters. (house.gov)
  • Emergency room, pediatric, and public health nurses also could partner with OHNs to decrease adverse effects of hazards in the pediatric population. (omicsonline.org)
  • Because visits to the emergency room may be the only time an older adult leaves the house, staff in the ER can be a first line of defense, said Tony Rosen, founder and lead investigator of the Vulnerable Elder Protection Team (VEPT), a program launched in April at the New York-Presbyterian Hospital/Weill Cornell Medical Center ER. (neoshodailynews.com)
  • It will also include the description of my personal awareness of population before studying the demographics. (focoprendido.org)
  • The plunge in the number of wild giraffe prompted the group to move the animals from the "least concern" rating to "vulnerable," in the report. (5newsonline.com)
  • RACGP Rural member Dr John Kramer is based in Woolgoolga in NSW, which sits within one of the electorates predicted to be most vulnerable to coronavirus. (racgp.org.au)
  • Kataria, R. 2015-08-21 00:00:00 In the present study, we report the distribution of true to type and atypical Nili-Ravi buffalo, a vulnerable dairy type riverine breed of North India and its underlying genetic structure. (deepdyve.com)
  • Vulnerable Population and Self Awareness University of Phoenix Health Assessment and Promotion for Vulnerable Population NUR 440 Belinda Condit, MSN, RN, NE-BC March 5, 2013 Vulnerable Population and Self Awareness This paper will discuss the vulnerable population of child abuse caused by the children's parents. (focoprendido.org)
  • Since the breadth of the vulnerable population is large, the committee focused its initial efforts on the unique "dual eligible" population as a subset. (hhnmag.com)
  • In 2013, the ICRC is continuing its efforts to help the Iraqi population, through its activities across the country. (icrc.org)
  • In 2013, the ICRC is pursuing its efforts to help the Iraqi population in the most affected regions. (icrc.org)