Vomeronasal Organ: An accessory chemoreceptor organ that is separated from the main OLFACTORY MUCOSA. It is situated at the base of nasal septum close to the VOMER and NASAL BONES. It forwards chemical signals (such as PHEROMONES) to the CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM, thus influencing reproductive and social behavior. In humans, most of its structures except the vomeronasal duct undergo regression after birth.Nasal Septum: The partition separating the two NASAL CAVITIES in the midplane. It is formed by the SEPTAL NASAL CARTILAGE, parts of skull bones (ETHMOID BONE; VOMER), and membranous parts.Olfactory Mucosa: That portion of the nasal mucosa containing the sensory nerve endings for SMELL, located at the dome of each NASAL CAVITY. The yellow-brownish olfactory epithelium consists of OLFACTORY RECEPTOR NEURONS; brush cells; STEM CELLS; and the associated olfactory glands.Receptors, Pheromone: Cell surface receptors that respond to PHEROMONES.Pheromones: Chemical substances, excreted by an organism into the environment, that elicit behavioral or physiological responses from other organisms of the same species. Perception of these chemical signals may be olfactory or by contact.Olfactory Bulb: Ovoid body resting on the CRIBRIFORM PLATE of the ethmoid bone where the OLFACTORY NERVE terminates. The olfactory bulb contains several types of nerve cells including the mitral cells, on whose DENDRITES the olfactory nerve synapses, forming the olfactory glomeruli. The accessory olfactory bulb, which receives the projection from the VOMERONASAL ORGAN via the vomeronasal nerve, is also included here.Olfactory Pathways: Set of nerve fibers conducting impulses from olfactory receptors to the cerebral cortex. It includes the OLFACTORY NERVE; OLFACTORY BULB; OLFACTORY TRACT; OLFACTORY TUBERCLE; ANTERIOR PERFORATED SUBSTANCE; and OLFACTORY CORTEX.Smell: The ability to detect scents or odors, such as the function of OLFACTORY RECEPTOR NEURONS.Colubridae: The largest family of snakes, comprising five subfamilies: Colubrinae, Natricinae, Homalopsinae, Lycodontinae, and Xenodontinae. They show a great diversity of eating habits, some eating almost anything, others having a specialized diet. They can be oviparous, ovoviviparous, or viviparous. The majority of North American snakes are colubrines. Among the colubrids are king snakes, water moccasins, water snakes, and garter snakes. Some genera are poisonous. (Goin, Goin, and Zug, Introduction to Herpetology, 3d ed, pp321-29)Olfactory Marker Protein: A ubiquitous, cytoplasmic protein found in mature OLFACTORY RECEPTOR NEURONS of all VERTEBRATES. It is a modulator of the olfactory SIGNAL TRANSDUCTION PATHWAY.Receptors, Odorant: Proteins, usually projecting from the cilia of olfactory receptor neurons, that specifically bind odorant molecules and trigger responses in the neurons. The large number of different odorant receptors appears to arise from several gene families or subfamilies rather than from DNA rearrangement.Pheromones, Human: Chemical substances excreted by humans that elicit behavior or physiological responses from other humans. Perception of these chemical signals may be olfactory or by contact.Chemoreceptor Cells: Cells specialized to detect chemical substances and relay that information centrally in the nervous system. Chemoreceptor cells may monitor external stimuli, as in TASTE and OLFACTION, or internal stimuli, such as the concentrations of OXYGEN and CARBON DIOXIDE in the blood.Olfactory Receptor Neurons: Neurons in the OLFACTORY EPITHELIUM with proteins (RECEPTORS, ODORANT) that bind, and thus detect, odorants. These neurons send their DENDRITES to the surface of the epithelium with the odorant receptors residing in the apical non-motile cilia. Their unmyelinated AXONS synapse in the OLFACTORY BULB of the BRAIN.Nasal Cavity: The proximal portion of the respiratory passages on either side of the NASAL SEPTUM. Nasal cavities, extending from the nares to the NASOPHARYNX, are lined with ciliated NASAL MUCOSA.Cheirogaleidae: A family of the order PRIMATES, suborder Strepsirhini (PROSIMII), containing five genera. All inhabitants of Madagascar, the genera are: Allocebus, Cheirogaleus (dwarf lemurs), Microcebus (mouse lemurs), Mirza, and Phaner.Odors: The volatile portions of substances perceptible by the sense of smell. (Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)Sensory Receptor Cells: Specialized afferent neurons capable of transducing sensory stimuli into NERVE IMPULSES to be transmitted to the CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM. Sometimes sensory receptors for external stimuli are called exteroceptors; for internal stimuli are called interoceptors and proprioceptors.Sex Attractants: Pheromones that elicit sexual attraction or mating behavior usually in members of the opposite sex in the same species.Urine: Liquid by-product of excretion produced in the kidneys, temporarily stored in the bladder until discharge through the URETHRA.GTP-Binding Protein alpha Subunit, Gi2: A PERTUSSIS TOXIN-sensitive GTP-binding protein alpha subunit. It couples with a variety of CELL SURFACE RECEPTORS, has been implicated in INTERLEUKIN-12 production, and may play a role in INFLAMMATORY BOWEL DISEASES.Lemur: A genus of the family Lemuridae consisting of five species: L. catta (ring-tailed lemur), L. fulvus, L. macaco (acoumba or black lemur), L. mongoz (mongoose lemur), and L. variegatus (white lemur). Most members of this genus occur in forested areas on Madagascar and the Comoro Islands.TRPC Cation Channels: A subgroup of TRP cation channels that contain 3-4 ANKYRIN REPEAT DOMAINS and a conserved C-terminal domain. Members are highly expressed in the CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM. Selectivity for calcium over sodium ranges from 0.5 to 10.Chemotactic Factors: Chemical substances that attract or repel cells. The concept denotes especially those factors released as a result of tissue injury, microbial invasion, or immunologic activity, that attract LEUKOCYTES; MACROPHAGES; or other cells to the site of infection or insult.Anterior Hypothalamic Nucleus: Loose heterogeneous collection of cells in the anterior hypothalamus, continuous rostrally with the medial and lateral PREOPTIC AREAS and caudally with the TUBER CINEREUM.Sexual Behavior, Animal: Sexual activities of animals.Insectivora: An order of insect eating MAMMALS including MOLES; SHREWS; HEDGEHOGS and tenrecs.Snakes: Limbless REPTILES of the suborder Serpentes.Cebidae: A family of New World monkeys in the infraorder PLATYRRHINI, consisting of nine subfamilies: ALOUATTINAE; AOTINAE; Atelinae; Callicebinae; CALLIMICONINAE; CALLITRICHINAE; CEBINAE; Pithecinae; and SAIMIRINAE. They inhabit the forests of South and Central America, comprising the largest family of South American monkeys.Nose: A part of the upper respiratory tract. It contains the organ of SMELL. The term includes the external nose, the nasal cavity, and the PARANASAL SINUSES.Olfactory Nerve: The 1st cranial nerve. The olfactory nerve conveys the sense of smell. It is formed by the axons of OLFACTORY RECEPTOR NEURONS which project from the olfactory epithelium (in the nasal epithelium) to the OLFACTORY BULB.Macropodidae: A family of herbivorous leaping MAMMALS of Australia, New Guinea, and adjacent islands. Members include kangaroos, wallabies, quokkas, and wallaroos.Strepsirhini: A suborder of PRIMATES consisting of the following five families: CHEIROGALEIDAE; Daubentoniidae; Indriidae; LEMURIDAE; and LORISIDAE.Aggression: Behavior which may be manifested by destructive and attacking action which is verbal or physical, by covert attitudes of hostility or by obstructionism.Nissl Bodies: Subcellular structures found in nerve cell bodies and DENDRITES. They consist of granular endoplasmic reticulum (ENDOPLASMIC RETICULUM, ROUGH) and RIBOSOMES.GTP-Binding Protein alpha Subunits, Gi-Go: A family of heterotrimeric GTP-binding protein alpha subunits that were originally identified by their ability to inhibit ADENYLYL CYCLASES. Members of this family can couple to beta and gamma G-protein subunits that activate POTASSIUM CHANNELS. The Gi-Go part of the name is also spelled Gi/Go.TurtlesReceptor, EphA5: An eph family receptor found primarily in differentiated neuronal tissues. Several isoforms of EphA5 receptor occur due to multiple alternative RNA splicing. The protein is prominently expressed in the NEURONS of the LIMBIC SYSTEM during development and throughout adult life, suggesting its role in the plasticity of limbic structure and function.Nasal Mucosa: The mucous lining of the NASAL CAVITY, including lining of the nostril (vestibule) and the OLFACTORY MUCOSA. Nasal mucosa consists of ciliated cells, GOBLET CELLS, brush cells, small granule cells, basal cells (STEM CELLS) and glands containing both mucous and serous cells.Platyrrhini: An infraorder of New World monkeys, comprised of the families AOTIDAE; ATELIDAE; CEBIDAE; and PITHECIIDAE. They are found exclusively in the Americas.Tarsiidae: The single family of PRIMATES in the infraorder TARSII, suborder HAPLORHINI. It is comprised of one genus, Tarsius, that inhabits southern Sumatra, Borneo, Sulawesi, and the Philippines.Neurons, Afferent: Neurons which conduct NERVE IMPULSES to the CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM.Species Specificity: The restriction of a characteristic behavior, anatomical structure or physical system, such as immune response; metabolic response, or gene or gene variant to the members of one species. It refers to that property which differentiates one species from another but it is also used for phylogenetic levels higher or lower than the species.Cautery: The application of a caustic substance, a hot instrument, an electric current, or other agent to control bleeding while removing or destroying tissue.Urodela: An order of the Amphibia class which includes salamanders and newts. They are characterized by usually having slim bodies and tails, four limbs of about equal size (except in Sirenidae), and a reduction in skull bones.Immunohistochemistry: Histochemical localization of immunoreactive substances using labeled antibodies as reagents.Scent Glands: Exocrine glands in animals which secrete scents which either repel or attract other animals, e.g. perianal glands of skunks, anal glands of weasels, musk glands of foxes, ventral glands of wood rats, and dorsal glands of peccaries.Armadillos: Burrowing, chiefly nocturnal mammals of the family Dasypodidae having bodies and heads encased in small bony plates. They are widely distributed in the warmer parts of the Americas.Epithelium: One or more layers of EPITHELIAL CELLS, supported by the basal lamina, which covers the inner or outer surfaces of the body.Intracellular Calcium-Sensing Proteins: Intracellular signaling peptides and proteins that bind to CALCIUM. They undergo allosteric changes when bound to CALCIUM that affects their interaction with other signal-transducing molecules. They differ from CALCIUM-SENSING RECEPTORS which sense extracellular calcium levels.Zinc Sulfate: A compound given in the treatment of conditions associated with zinc deficiency such as acrodermatitis enteropathica. Externally, zinc sulfate is used as an astringent in lotions and eye drops. (Reynolds JEF(Ed): Martindale: The Extra Pharmacopoeia (electronic version). Micromedex, Inc, Englewood, CO, 1995)Fishes, PoisonousReceptor, EphA7: An eph family receptor found widely expressed in embryo tissues, including the NERVOUS SYSTEM. In the BRAIN high levels of EphA7 expression occurs in the anterior tectum, medulla, RHOMBENCEPHALON, and SUBCOMMISSURAL ORGAN. Several isoforms of the protein occur due to multiple alternative spicing of the EphA7 mRNA.Arvicolinae: A subfamily of MURIDAE found nearly world-wide and consisting of about 20 genera. Voles, lemmings, and muskrats are members.
Keverne, Eric B. "The Vomeronasal Organ." The Vomeronasal Organ. 22 Oct. 1999. Web. 27 Mar. 2016. Zald, David H., and Jose V. ... The info for these processes comes from the vomeronasal organ indirectly via the olfactory bulb. The main olfactory bulb's ... "Effect of Putative Pheromones on the Electrical Activity of the Human Vomeronasal Organ and Olfactory Epithelium."Science ...
The vomeronasal organ is named for its closeness to the vomer and nasal bones, and is particularly well developed in animals ... "The Vomeronasal Organ". fsu.edu. Archived from the original on 2013-02-11. Briggs, Karen (December 11, 2013). "Equine Sense of ... Elephants perform a flehmen response but also transfer chemosensory stimuli to the vomeronasal opening in the roof of their ... The behaviour facilitates the transfer of pheromones and other scents into the vomeronasal organ (VNO, or Jacobson's organ) ...
Three distinct families of vomeronasal receptors, putatively pheromone sensing, have been identified in the vomeronasal organ ... The human vomeronasal organ has epithelia that may be able to serve as a chemical sensory organ; however, the genes that encode ... Keverne EB (1999). "The vomeronasal organ". Science. 286 (5440): 716-720. doi:10.1126/science.286.5440.716. PMID 10531049. ... and also by the vomeronasal organ (VNO), or Jacobson's organ, which lies at the base of the nasal septum between the nose and ...
Brennan, P.A. (2001). "The vomeronasal system". Cellular and Molecular Life Sciences. 58 (4): 546-55. doi:10.1007/PL00000880. ... which are delivered to the vomeronasal ducts upon reentry of the tongue into the oral cavity, activating the regions of the ... the main olfactory system and the Vomeronasal system, which is used to decipher distinct chemosensory information. In snakes ...
37-. ISBN 978-0-521-68216-9. Monti-Bloch L, Jennings-White C, Dolberg DS, Berliner DL (1994). "The human vomeronasal system". ... via activation of vomeronasal receptor cells. They include the androstanes androstadienol, androstadienone, androstenol, and ...
Monti-Bloch, L.; Jennings-White, C.; Dolberg, D.S.; Berliner, D.L. (1994). "The human vomeronasal system". ... lacks affinity for steroid hormone receptors and has instead been found to directly activate isolated human vomeronasal ...
Berliner DL, Monti-Bloch L, Jennings-White C, Diaz-Sanchez V (1996). "The functionality of the human vomeronasal organ (VNO): ... Monti-Bloch, L; Jennings-White, C; Berliner, DL (1988). "The human vomeronasal system: a review". Ann NY Acad Sci. 855: 373-89 ... Monti-Bloch, Louis; Jennings-White, Clive; Berliner, David L. (1998). "The Human Vomeronasal System: A Review". Annals of the ... Monti-Bloch, L.; Jennings-White, C.; Dolberg, D.S.; Berliner, D.L. (1994). "The human vomeronasal system". ...
Witt, M; Hummel, T (2006). "Vomeronasal Versus Olfactory Epithelium: Is There a Cellular Basis for Human Vomeronasal Perception ... The difference is related to the PAX9 gene (and perhaps other genes). In some animals, the vomeronasal organ (VNO) is part of a ... Trotier, D.; Eloit, C; Wassef, M; Talmain, G; Bensimon, J. L.; Døving, K. B.; Ferrand, J (2000). "The Vomeronasal Cavity in ... However, most investigators have sought to identify the opening of the vomeronasal organ in humans, rather than identify the ...
The vomeronasal organ sends projections to the accessory olfactory bulb making it the second processing stage of the accessory ... Axons of the vomeronasal sensory neurons express a given receptor type which, differently from what occurs in the main ... Vomeronasal sensory neurons provide direct excitatory inputs to AOB principle neurons called mitral cells which are transmitted ... 2003). "Vomeronasal organ detects odorants in absence of signaling through main olfactory epithelium". Nat Neurosci. 6 (5): 519 ...
Vomeronasal organ Fields, R. Douglas (2007). "Sex and the Secret Nerve". Scientific American Mind. 18: 20-7. doi:10.1038/ ...
Vomeronasal type-1 receptor 3 is a protein that is encoded by the VN1R3 gene in humans. "Human PubMed Reference:". "Entrez Gene ... VN1R3 vomeronasal 1 receptor 3". Rodriguez I, Mombaerts P (2002). "Novel human vomeronasal receptor-like genes reveal species- ... Zhang J, Webb DM (2003). "Evolutionary deterioration of the vomeronasal pheromone transduction pathway in catarrhine primates ...
Vomeronasal type-1 receptor 2 is a protein that in humans is encoded by the VN1R2 gene. GRCh38: Ensembl release 89: ... "Entrez Gene: VN1R2 vomeronasal 1 receptor 2". Takeda S, Kadowaki S, Haga T, et al. (2002). "Identification of G protein-coupled ... Zhang J, Webb DM (2003). "Evolutionary deterioration of the vomeronasal pheromone transduction pathway in catarrhine primates ... "Novel human vomeronasal receptor-like genes reveal species-specific families". Curr Biol. 12 (12): R409-11. doi:10.1016/S0960- ...
Vomeronasal type-1 receptor 1 is a protein that in humans is encoded by the VN1R1 gene. Pheromones are chemical signals that ... "Entrez Gene: VN1R1 vomeronasal 1 receptor 1". Giorgi D, Friedman C, Trask BJ, Rouquier S (2001). "Characterization of ... Zhang J, Webb DM (2003). "Evolutionary deterioration of the vomeronasal pheromone transduction pathway in catarrhine primates ...
Vomeronasal type-1 receptor 5 is a protein that in humans is encoded by the VN1R5 gene. GRCh38: Ensembl release 89: ... "Entrez Gene: VN1R5 vomeronasal 1 receptor 5". Takeda S, Kadowaki S, Haga T, et al. (2002). "Identification of G protein-coupled ... Zhang J, Webb DM (2003). "Evolutionary deterioration of the vomeronasal pheromone transduction pathway in catarrhine primates ... ENSG00000197617 - Ensembl, May 2017 "Human PubMed Reference:". Rodriguez I, Mombaerts P (Jul 2002). "Novel human vomeronasal ...
Vomeronasal inputs to the rodent ventral striatum. Brain Research Bulletin 75:467-73 De Marchis S, Fasolo A, Puche AC. 2004. ...
Studies showed that MP2 has the strongest response produced by female Vomeronasal organ (VNO), which is the first stage of the ... Halpern, M (March 1987). "The Organization and Function of the Vomeronasal System". Annual Review of Neuroscience. 10 (1): 325- ... Halpern, M. (1987-01-01). "The Organization and Function of the Vomeronasal System". Annual Review of Neuroscience. 10 (1): 325 ... and the vomeronasal system, which is thought to process mostly non-volatile pheromones. When it comes to sex, mammals use ...
In reptiles the vomeronasal organ is commonly referred to as Jacobsons organ. In mammals, it is often associated with a special ... Frasnelli J, Lundström JN, Boyle JA, Katsarkas A, Jones-Gotman M (March 2011). "The vomeronasal organ is not involved in the ... Many animals (salamanders, reptiles, mammals) have a vomeronasal organ that is connected with the mouth cavity. In mammals it ... Takami S (August 2002). "Recent progress in the neurobiology of the vomeronasal organ". Microsc. Res. Tech. 58 (3): 228-50. doi ...
Behind these are an additional set of vomeronasal sacs. The trachea, however, is short, with only four cartilaginous rings. The ...
Halpern M, Martínez-Marcos A (June 2003). "Structure and function of the vomeronasal system: an update" (PDF). Progress in ...
Mups provide a small range of identifying information about the donor animal, when detected by the vomeronasal organ of the ... In addition, Mups made in bacteria were found to activate olfactory sensory neurons in the vomeronasal organ (VNO), a subsystem ... Halpern M, Martínez-Marcos A (2003). "Structure and function of the vomeronasal system: an update" (PDF). Progress in ... 1999). "Selective activation of G protein subtypes in the vomeronasal organ upon stimulation with urine-derived compounds". The ...
The ram uses his vomeronasal organ (sometimes called the Jacobson's organ) to sense the pheromones of ewes and detect when they ... The ewe uses her vomeronasal organ for early recognition of her neonate lamb. Sheep follow a similar reproductive strategy to ... Journal of Range Management, 27(4): 258-262 Ungerfeld, R.; Ramos, M. A.; Möller, R. (2006). "Role of the vomeronasal organ on ... Booth, K. K.; Katz, L. S. (2000). "Role of the vomeronasal organ in neonatal offspring recognitions in sheep". Biol. Reprod. 63 ...
Action potential backpropagation and multiglomerular signaling in the rat vomeronasal system. Journal of Neuroscience 24(42): ...
Mice detect pheromones mainly with the vomeronasal organ (Jacobson's organ), located at the bottom of the nose. The urine of ... Kimoto H, Haga S, Sato K, Touhara K (October 2005). "Sex-specific peptides from exocrine glands stimulate mouse vomeronasal ...
Is the vomeronasal organ system really specialized for detecting pheromones? Trends in Neurosciences 29:1-7. Shine, R., X. ...
For the group in which vomeronasal perception was rendered inactive, the vomeronasal nerves only were severed; this was later ... a behavior related to vomeronasal activity. The lack of vomeronasal function was confirmed based on the formation of complete ... Ewes whose vomeronasal organs were rendered non-functional by electro-cauterization failed to reject alien lambs at the udder, ... This suggests that the vomeronasal organ plays an active role in maternal identification of the lamb at the udder In contrast, ...
... garter snakes also have the vomeronasal system which consists of the vomeronasal organ. The vomeronasal organ plays an ... At the dorsal and ventral aspect of the lumen are vomeronasal glands, which fill the vomeronasal lumen with fluid. Sitting next ... Witt M, Hummel T; Hummel (2006). "Vomeronasal versus olfactory epithelium: is there a cellular basis for human vomeronasal ... The vomeronasal organ (VNO), or the Jacobsons organ, is an auxiliary olfactory sense organ that is found in many animals. It ...
In mammals, these chemical signals are believed to be detected primarily by the vomeronasal organ (VNO), a chemosensory organ ... Three distinct families of putative pheromone receptors have been identified in the vomeronasal organ (V1Rs, V2Rs and V3Rs). ... Keverne EB (Oct 1999). "The vomeronasal organ". Science. 286 (5440): 716-20. doi:10.1126/science.286.5440.716. PMID 10531049. ...
... garter snakes also have the vomeronasal system which consists of the vomeronasal organ. The vomeronasal organ plays an ... Vomeronasal organ. Frontal section of nasal cavities of a human embryo 28 mm. long (Vomeronasal organ of Jacobson labeled at ... At the dorsal and ventral aspect of the lumen are vomeronasal glands, which fill the vomeronasal lumen with fluid. Sitting next ... Witt M, Hummel T (2006). "Vomeronasal versus olfactory epithelium: is there a cellular basis for human vomeronasal perception ...
... the vomeronasal epithelium (VNE) in humans has long been regarded as absent or functionally irrelevant. For example, the neural ... In contrast to many lower vertebrates, the vomeronasal epithelium (VNE) in humans has long been regarded as absent or ... There were sections of stratified, respiratory, and typical "pseudostratified" vomeronasal epithelia consisting of slender ... we studied the vomeronasal organs (VNOs) of 22 human cadavers, three adult biopsies, one embryo (week 8) and one fetus (week 13 ...
Ademais do sistema olfactivo principal, a cobra Thamnophis ten tamén un sistema vomeronasal. O órgano vomeronasal xoga un ... Witt M, Hummel T; Hummel (2006). "Vomeronasal versus olfactory epithelium: is there a cellular basis for human vomeronasal ... órgano vomeronasal.[50] Novas investigacións demostraron que o órgano vomeronasal é necesario para que a cobra Thamnophis ... O órgano vomeronasal (OVN) ou órgano de Jacobson é un órgano sensorial olfactorio auxiliar que se encontra en moitos animais. ...
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... we advance the hypothesis that interactions between environmental chemicals and the vomeronasal organ (VNO) may play a role in ... In this article, we advance the hypothesis that interactions between environmental chemicals and the vomeronasal organ (VNO) ... interactions between environmental chemicals and the vomeronasal organ (VNO). ...
The vomeronasal cartilage (or Jacobsons cartilage) is a narrow strip of cartilage, low on the medial wall of the nasal cavity ... Nostril • Nasal septum • Cartilages (Accessory nasal, of the septum, Greater alar, Lateral nasal, Lesser alar, Vomeronasal) • ... The cartilage lies below, but is not connected to, the rudimentary vomeronasal organ of Jacobson. ... Retrieved from "https://www.wikidoc.org/index.php?title=Vomeronasal_cartilage&oldid=691370" ...
1987) The vomeronasal system. in Neurobiology of taste and smell, eds Finger TE, Silver WL (Wiley, New York), pp 125-150. ... Dissociation of vomeronasal and olfactory neurons.Six-week-old Cd1/nude mice were kept in an isolation facility and killed by ... Electrophysiological Characterization of Chemosensory Neurons from the Mouse Vomeronasal Organ. Emily R. Liman, David P. Corey ... Electrophysiological Characterization of Chemosensory Neurons from the Mouse Vomeronasal Organ. Emily R. Liman, David P. Corey ...
J:74518 Rodriguez I, et al., Multiple new and isolated families within the mouse superfamily of V1r vomeronasal receptors. Nat ...
J:262032 Akiyoshi S, et al., Subpopulations of vomeronasal sensory neurons with coordinated coexpression of type 2 vomeronasal ... Mice homozygous for a knock-out allele exhibit abnormal vomeronasal sensory neuron physiology and avnosmia. ...
What is vomeronasal cartilage? Meaning of vomeronasal cartilage medical term. What does vomeronasal cartilage mean? ... Looking for online definition of vomeronasal cartilage in the Medical Dictionary? vomeronasal cartilage explanation free. ... vomeronasal cartilage. Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia. cartilage. [kahr´tĭ-lij] a specialized, ... vomeronasal cartilage either of the two narrow strips of cartilage, one on each side, of the nasal septum supporting the ...
The vomeronasal neurons have two distinct types of receptor that differ from each other and from the large family of odorant ... The vomeronasal organ (VNO) is a chemoreceptor organ enclosed in a cartilaginous capsule and separated from the main olfactory ...
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Organization of vomeronasal responses to sulfated steroids. A, Histogram of number of cells responding to each stimulus (10 μm ... Organization of Vomeronasal Sensory Coding Revealed by Fast Volumetric Calcium Imaging. Diwakar Turaga and Timothy E. Holy ... Organization of Vomeronasal Sensory Coding Revealed by Fast Volumetric Calcium Imaging Message Subject (Your Name) has ... The excised vomeronasal organ (VNO) was continuously superfused with Ringers solution (containing, in mm: 115 NaCl, 5 KCl, 2 ...
Abstract: The vomeronasal organ and chemical sensitivity: a hypothesis. ProHealth.com • February 20, 2003 ... In this article, we advance the hypothesis that interactions between environmental chemicals and the vomeronasal organ (VNO) ...
Vomeronasal 1 Receptor B1 Polyclonal Antibody from Invitrogen for Western Blot and Immunohistochemistry applications. This ... vomeronasal receptor 1 A5; Vomeronasal receptor 2; Vomeronasal type-1 receptor 50; Vomeronasal type-1 receptor A5; Vomeronasal ... Cite Vomeronasal 1 Receptor B1 Polyclonal Antibody. The following antibody was used in this experiment: Vomeronasal 1 Receptor ... Expressed in a subset of sensory neurons located in the apical layer of the vomeronasal organ. Mice lacking all but one V1RA ...
... vomeronasal receptor 3; vomeronasal type-1 receptor 100; vomeronasal type-1 receptor A12; vomeronasal V1r-type receptor V1ra12 ... vomeronasal receptor 3 Data Merged. 737654. APPROVED. 2005-09-15. V1ra12 vomeronasal 1 receptor, a12 Symbol and Name status set ... vomeronasal 1 receptor, A12 Symbol and Name updated. 2325755. APPROVED. 2008-07-23. V1ra12 vomeronasal 1 receptor, A12 ... vomeronasal 1 receptor, a12 Name updated. 1299863. APPROVED. 2008-04-30. V1ra12 vomeronasal 1 receptor, a12 V1ra12_predicted ...
Third, and perhaps more importantly, almost all of the genes involved in protein expression of a functional vomeronasal organ ... or vomeronasal organ. This mysterious and contentious organ is the secondary sensory organ of the accessory olfactory system ... activate not just the vomeronasal organ in animals but also parts of the brain. Though humans lack the organ in our noses, we ... anatomically complete vomeronasal organ. In the catarrhine primates, like macaques, it is generally absent, or reduced, with ...
These two VNO subsystems express different subfamilies of vomeronasal receptors and signaling molecules, detect distinct ... These two VNO subsystems express different subfamilies of vomeronasal receptors and signaling molecules, detect distinct ... The vomeronasal organ (VNO) is a sensory organ that is found in most terrestrial vertebrates and that is principally implicated ... The vomeronasal organ (VNO) is a sensory organ that is found in most terrestrial vertebrates and that is principally implicated ...
Most mammals possess a vomeronasal system that detects predominantly chemical signals of biological relevance. Vomeronasal ... The vomeronasal cortex - afferent and efferent projections of the posteromedial cortical nucleus of the amygdala in mice. ... This cortical structure should therefore be considered the primary vomeronasal cortex. In the present work, we describe the ... the posteromedial cortical nucleus of the amygdala probably integrates olfactory and vomeronasal information. In addition, the ...
... Jie He,1 Limei Ma,1 Sangseong Kim,1 Joel ... Encoding Gender and Individual Information in the Mouse Vomeronasal Organ. Science. 2008;320:535-538. [PMC free article] [ ... Holy TE, Dulac C, Meister M. Responses of vomeronasal neurons to natural stimuli. Science. 2000;289:1569-1572. [PubMed] ... Pheromones, the vomeronasal system, and communication. From hormonal responses to individual recognition. Ann N Y Acad Sci. ...
We asked whether specific mesenchymal/epithelial (M/E) induction generates olfactory receptor neurons (ORNs), vomeronasal ...
Trpc2 is expressed in two olfactory subsystems, the main and the vomeronasal system of larval Xenopus laevis ... Trpc2 is expressed in two olfactory subsystems, the main and the vomeronasal system of larval Xenopus laevis ... Trpc2 is expressed in two olfactory subsystems, the main and the vomeronasal system of larval Xenopus laevis ... Trpc2 is expressed in two olfactory subsystems, the main and the vomeronasal system of larval Xenopus laevis ...
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  • Mice homozygous for a knock-out allele exhibit abnormal vomeronasal sensory neuron physiology and avnosmia. (jax.org)
  • a ) Dissociated vomeronasal organ (VNO) cells from doublecortin (Dcx)-DsRed mice, either DsRed + (red bars) and DsRed - (gray bars), show intracellular calcium transients in response to the major histocompatibility complex-derived peptide SYFPEITHI (SYF, 10 −11 M), whole male urine (1:300 dilution) and its high molecular weight fraction (1:300). (biomedcentral.com)
  • Here, we report that neuronal replacement-associated proliferation continues in the vomeronasal organ of aged (18-24 months) mice. (luc.edu)
  • G protein G(alpha)o is essential for vomeronasal function and aggressive behavior in mice. (duke.edu)
  • Coquelin A, Clancy AN, Macrides F, Noble EP, Gorski RA (1984) Pheromonally induced release of luteinizing hormone in male mice: involvement of the vomeronasal system. (springer.com)
  • Suppression of the vomeronasal system in mice might be important in the transition from attack behavior to parenting, the researchers say. (yahoo.com)
  • The scientists confirmed that the vomeronasal organ was involved by surgically removing it from virgin males and then watching how the mice responded to babies. (yahoo.com)
  • This study confirms earlier studies linking the aggressive behavior of male mice to the vomeronasal system, said neuroscientist Peter Brennan of the University of Bristol, U.K., who was not involved in the work. (yahoo.com)
  • We have used gene targeting to examine the role of the G protein Gαo, encoded by the gene Gnao1, in vomeronasal function. (duke.edu)
  • Here, we describe Olfr692 , a member of the OR gene family identified by next-generation RNA sequencing, which is highly upregulated and non-canonically expressed in the vomeronasal organ. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Las células en la capa basal eran escasas y de forma circular irregular. (bvsalud.org)
  • We found the number of these cells increased toward the entries of the nasopalatine and vomeronasal ducts into the nasal cavity. (who.int)
  • Intraepithelial GAP-43 labeled fibers were more frequent toward the nasal cavity and the entry of nasopalatine and vomeronasal ducts in close association with the solitary chemosensory cells. (who.int)
  • The results show that the posteromedial cortical nucleus of the amygdala is strongly interconnected not only with the rest of the vomeronasal system (AOB and its target structures in the amygdala), but also with the olfactory system (piriform cortex, olfactory-recipient nuclei of the amygdala and entorhinal cortex). (wiley.com)
  • O órgano vomeronasal ( OVN ) ou órgano de Jacobson é un órgano sensorial olfactorio auxiliar que se encontra en moitos animais. (wikipedia.org)
  • Foi descuberto por Frederik Ruysch en 1732 e despois por Ludwig Jacobson en 1813. (wikipedia.org)
  • Third, the lack of a proper vomeronasal nerve prevents migration of gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) cells the whole distance to their final positions in the hypothalamus during embryo development. (diva-portal.org)
  • Methods: We found abundant solitary cells labeled with α- gustducin in the nasopalatine duct and vomeronasal organ of rats. (who.int)
  • We also found GAP-43 heavily expressed in the core of nasopalatine duct, close to the basement membrane and around the blood vessels and cavernous spaces of the vomeronasal organ. (who.int)
  • [ 10 ] Aínda que a comunicación química parece ocorrer entre humanos, isto non implica necesariamente de que o órgano vomeronasal humano sexa funcional. (wikipedia.org)
  • Por este motivo se realizó una revisión bibliográfica actualizada acerca del OVN humano , enfatizando en puntos importantes como su anatomía y relación con algunas conductas. (bvsalud.org)
  • La prevalencia del órgano vomeronasal de la población en estudio es compatible con lo que ha sido reportado en otros estudios. (conicyt.cl)
  • Los últimos estudios sugieren que además tendría una conexión directa hacia el sistema nervioso central , mediante neuronas sensoriales bipolares, lo que implica un cuidado adicional en pacientes sometidos a cirugías cercanas a su ubicación . (bvsalud.org)
  • Due to the great change in the morphology of squamate vomeronasal organ (VNO), the histomorphology characteristics of VNO in Scincella tsinlingensis were studied by light and electronic microscopy . (bvsalud.org)
  • Gαo is also vital for vomeronasal sensing of two N-formylated mitochondrially encoded peptides derived from NADH dehydrogenase 1. (duke.edu)