Tobacco Industry: The aggregate business enterprise of agriculture, manufacture, and distribution related to tobacco and tobacco-derived products.Lobbying: A process whereby representatives of a particular interest group attempt to influence governmental decision makers to accept the policy desires of the lobbying organization.Tobacco: A plant genus of the family SOLANACEAE. Members contain NICOTINE and other biologically active chemicals; its dried leaves are used for SMOKING.Public Relations: Relations of an individual, association, organization, hospital, or corporation with the publics which it must take into consideration in carrying out its functions. Publics may include consumers, patients, pressure groups, departments, etc.Marketing: Activity involved in transfer of goods from producer to consumer or in the exchange of services.Propaganda: The deliberate attempt to influence attitudes and beliefs for furthering one's cause or damaging an opponent's cause.Advertising as Topic: The act or practice of calling public attention to a product, service, need, etc., especially by paid announcements in newspapers, magazines, on radio, or on television. (Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)Industry: Any enterprise centered on the processing, assembly, production, or marketing of a line of products, services, commodities, or merchandise, in a particular field often named after its principal product. Examples include the automobile, fishing, music, publishing, insurance, and textile industries.Smoking: Inhaling and exhaling the smoke of burning TOBACCO.Deception: The act of deceiving or the fact of being deceived.Tobacco Smoke Pollution: Contamination of the air by tobacco smoke.Consumer Product SafetyPersuasive Communication: A mode of communication concerned with inducing or urging the adoption of certain beliefs, theories, or lines of action by others.Consumer Advocacy: The promotion and support of consumers' rights and interests.Conflict of Interest: A situation in which an individual might benefit personally from official or professional actions. It includes a conflict between a person's private interests and official responsibilities in a position of trust. The term is not restricted to government officials. The concept refers both to actual conflict of interest and the appearance or perception of conflict.Tobacco, Smokeless: Powdered or cut pieces of leaves of NICOTIANA TABACUM which are inhaled through the nose, chewed, or stored in cheek pouches. It includes any product of tobacco that is not smoked.Taxes: Governmental levies on property, inheritance, gifts, etc.Tobacco Use Disorder: Tobacco used to the detriment of a person's health or social functioning. Tobacco dependence is included.Politics: Activities concerned with governmental policies, functions, etc.Product Packaging: Form in which product is processed or wrapped and labeled. PRODUCT LABELING is also available.Labor Unions: Organizations comprising wage and salary workers in health-related fields for the purpose of improving their status and conditions. The concept includes labor union activities toward providing health services to members.Government: The complex of political institutions, laws, and customs through which the function of governing is carried out in a specific political unit.Mass Media: Instruments or technological means of communication that reach large numbers of people with a common message: press, radio, television, etc.Financial Support: The provision of monetary resources including money or capital and credit; obtaining or furnishing money or capital for a purchase or enterprise and the funds so obtained. (From Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed.)Commerce: The interchange of goods or commodities, especially on a large scale, between different countries or between populations within the same country. It includes trade (the buying, selling, or exchanging of commodities, whether wholesale or retail) and business (the purchase and sale of goods to make a profit). (From Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed, p411, p2005 & p283)Tobacco Products: Substances and products derived from NICOTIANA TABACUM.Documentation: Systematic organization, storage, retrieval, and dissemination of specialized information, especially of a scientific or technical nature (From ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983). It often involves authenticating or validating information.Plants, Toxic: Plants or plant parts which are harmful to man or other animals.Public Opinion: The attitude of a significant portion of a population toward any given proposition, based upon a measurable amount of factual evidence, and involving some degree of reflection, analysis, and reasoning.Ethics, Business: The moral obligations governing the conduct of commercial or industrial enterprises.Government Regulation: Exercise of governmental authority to control conduct.Food Industry: The industry concerned with processing, preparing, preserving, distributing, and serving of foods and beverages.Public Policy: A course or method of action selected, usually by a government, from among alternatives to guide and determine present and future decisions.United States Government Agencies: Agencies of the FEDERAL GOVERNMENT of the United States.Liability, Legal: Accountability and responsibility to another, enforceable by civil or criminal sanctions.Voluntary Programs: Programs in which participation is not required.Research Support as Topic: Financial support of research activities.Expert Testimony: Presentation of pertinent data by one with special skill or knowledge representing mastery of a particular subject.Drug Industry: That segment of commercial enterprise devoted to the design, development, and manufacture of chemical products for use in the diagnosis and treatment of disease, disability, or other dysfunction, or to improve function.Tobacco Use Cessation: Ending the TOBACCO habits of smoking, chewing, or snuff use.United StatesSmoking Cessation: Discontinuation of the habit of smoking, the inhaling and exhaling of tobacco smoke.Social Responsibility: The obligations and accountability assumed in carrying out actions or ideas on behalf of others.Public Health: Branch of medicine concerned with the prevention and control of disease and disability, and the promotion of physical and mental health of the population on the international, national, state, or municipal level.Tobacco Mosaic Virus: The type species of TOBAMOVIRUS which causes mosaic disease of tobacco. Transmission occurs by mechanical inoculation.Product Labeling: Use of written, printed, or graphic materials upon or accompanying a product or its container or wrapper. It includes purpose, effect, description, directions, hazards, warnings, and other relevant information.Menthol: An alcohol produced from mint oils or prepared synthetically.Volition: Voluntary activity without external compulsion.Organizational Policy: A course or method of action selected, usually by an organization, institution, university, society, etc., from among alternatives to guide and determine present and future decisions and positions on matters of public interest or social concern. It does not include internal policy relating to organization and administration within the corporate body, for which ORGANIZATION AND ADMINISTRATION is available.Economic Competition: The effort of two or more parties to secure the business of a third party by offering, usually under fair or equitable rules of business practice, the most favorable terms.Health Policy: Decisions, usually developed by government policymakers, for determining present and future objectives pertaining to the health care system.Organizations: Administration and functional structures for the purpose of collectively systematizing activities for a particular goal.Consumer Organizations: Organized groups of users of goods and services.Scientific Misconduct: Intentional falsification of scientific data by presentation of fraudulent or incomplete or uncorroborated findings as scientific fact.Social Control Policies: Decisions for determining and guiding present and future objectives from among alternatives.Civil Rights: Legal guarantee protecting the individual from attack on personal liberties, right to fair trial, right to vote, and freedom from discrimination on the basis of race, color, religion, sex, age, disability, or national origin. (from http://www.usccr.gov/ accessed 1/31/2003)Charities: Social welfare organizations with programs designed to assist individuals in need.Consultants: Individuals referred to for expert or professional advice or services.Interinstitutional Relations: The interactions between representatives of institutions, agencies, or organizations.Commonwealth of Independent StatesVentilation: Supplying a building or house, their rooms and corridors, with fresh air. The controlling of the environment thus may be in public or domestic sites and in medical or non-medical locales. (From Dorland, 28th ed)Health Promotion: Encouraging consumer behaviors most likely to optimize health potentials (physical and psychosocial) through health information, preventive programs, and access to medical care.State Government: The level of governmental organization and function below that of the national or country-wide government.Motion Pictures as Topic: The art, technique, or business of producing motion pictures for entertainment, propaganda, or instruction.Policy Making: The decision process by which individuals, groups or institutions establish policies pertaining to plans, programs or procedures.Societies: Organizations composed of members with common interests and whose professions may be similar.History, 20th Century: Time period from 1901 through 2000 of the common era.Harm Reduction: The application of methods designed to reduce the risk of harm associated with certain behaviors without reduction in frequency of those behaviors. The risk-associated behaviors include ongoing and active addictive behaviors.Air Pollution, Indoor: The contamination of indoor air.Organizational Objectives: The purposes, missions, and goals of an individual organization or its units, established through administrative processes. It includes an organization's long-range plans and administrative philosophy.Interprofessional Relations: The reciprocal interaction of two or more professional individuals.International Cooperation: The interaction of persons or groups of persons representing various nations in the pursuit of a common goal or interest.Legislation as Topic: The enactment of laws and ordinances and their regulation by official organs of a nation, state, or other legislative organization. It refers also to health-related laws and regulations in general or for which there is no specific heading.Public Health Practice: The activities and endeavors of the public health services in a community on any level.Product Line Management: Management control systems for structuring health care delivery strategies around case types, as in DRGs, or specific clinical services.Tars: Viscous materials composed of complex, high-molecular-weight compounds derived from the distillation of petroleum or the destructive distillation of wood or coal. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)RestaurantsNicotine: Nicotine is highly toxic alkaloid. It is the prototypical agonist at nicotinic cholinergic receptors where it dramatically stimulates neurons and ultimately blocks synaptic transmission. Nicotine is also important medically because of its presence in tobacco smoke.Marketing of Health Services: Application of marketing principles and techniques to maximize the use of health care resources.Tobacco Use: Use of TOBACCO (Nicotiana tabacum L) and TOBACCO PRODUCTS.Social Marketing: Use of marketing principles also used to sell products to consumers to promote ideas, attitudes and behaviors. Design and use of programs seeking to increase the acceptance of a social idea or practice by target groups, not for the benefit of the marketer, but to benefit the target audience and the general society.Attitude to Health: Public attitudes toward health, disease, and the medical care system.SmokeAerospace Medicine: That branch of medicine dealing with the studies and effects of flight through the atmosphere or in space upon the human body and with the prevention or cure of physiological or psychological malfunctions arising from these effects. (from NASA Thesaurus)Extraction and Processing Industry: The industry concerned with the removal of raw materials from the Earth's crust and with their conversion into refined products.Latin America: The geographic area of Latin America in general and when the specific country or countries are not indicated. It usually includes Central America, South America, Mexico, and the islands of the Caribbean.Newspapers: Publications printed and distributed daily, weekly, or at some other regular and usually short interval, containing news, articles of opinion (as editorials and letters), features, advertising, and announcements of current interest. (Webster's 3d ed)Chemical Industry: The aggregate enterprise of manufacturing and technically producing chemicals. (From Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)Electromyography: Recording of the changes in electric potential of muscle by means of surface or needle electrodes.Foundations: Organizations established by endowments with provision for future maintenance.Professional Misconduct: Violation of laws, regulations, or professional standards.Research: Critical and exhaustive investigation or experimentation, having for its aim the discovery of new facts and their correct interpretation, the revision of accepted conclusions, theories, or laws in the light of newly discovered facts, or the practical application of such new or revised conclusions, theories, or laws. (Webster, 3d ed)Facility Regulation and Control: Formal voluntary or governmental procedures and standards required of hospitals and health or other facilities to improve operating efficiency, and for the protection of the consumer.Investments: Use for articles on the investing of funds for income or profit.Consumer Satisfaction: Customer satisfaction or dissatisfaction with a benefit or service received.Health Care Coalitions: Voluntary groups of people representing diverse interests in the community such as hospitals, businesses, physicians, and insurers, with the principal objective to improve health care cost effectiveness.Human Rights: The rights of the individual to cultural, social, economic, and educational opportunities as provided by society, e.g., right to work, right to education, and right to social security.Codes of Ethics: Systematic statements of principles or rules of appropriate professional conduct, usually established by professional societies.Science: The study of natural phenomena by observation, measurement, and experimentation.Biomedical Research: Research that involves the application of the natural sciences, especially biology and physiology, to medicine.Flavoring Agents: Substances added to foods and medicine to improve the quality of taste.Privatization: Process of shifting publicly controlled services and/or facilities to the private sector.Health Education: Education that increases the awareness and favorably influences the attitudes and knowledge relating to the improvement of health on a personal or community basis.Federal Government: The level of governmental organization and function at the national or country-wide level.Financing, Organized: All organized methods of funding.Australia: The smallest continent and an independent country, comprising six states and two territories. Its capital is Canberra.CaliforniaIsometric Contraction: Muscular contractions characterized by increase in tension without change in length.Organizational Affiliation: Formal relationships established between otherwise independent organizations. These include affiliation agreements, interlocking boards, common controls, hospital medical school affiliations, etc.Food-Processing Industry: The productive enterprises concerned with food processing.History, 21st Century: Time period from 2001 through 2100 of the common era.Congresses as Topic: Conferences, conventions or formal meetings usually attended by delegates representing a special field of interest.World Health Organization: A specialized agency of the United Nations designed as a coordinating authority on international health work; its aim is to promote the attainment of the highest possible level of health by all peoples.Compensation and Redress: Payment, or other means of making amends, for a wrong or injury.Voluntary Health Agencies: Non-profit organizations concerned with various aspects of health, e.g., education, promotion, treatment, services, etc.Negotiating: The process of bargaining in order to arrive at an agreement or compromise on a matter of importance to the parties involved. It also applies to the hearing and determination of a case by a third party chosen by the parties in controversy, as well as the interposing of a third party to reconcile the parties in controversy.Textile Industry: The aggregate business enterprise of manufacturing textiles. (From Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)ArgentinaOccupational Health: The promotion and maintenance of physical and mental health in the work environment.Plants, Genetically Modified: PLANTS, or their progeny, whose GENOME has been altered by GENETIC ENGINEERING.Workplace: Place or physical location of work or employment.Disclosure: Revealing of information, by oral or written communication.Motivation: Those factors which cause an organism to behave or act in either a goal-seeking or satisfying manner. They may be influenced by physiological drives or by external stimuli.Muscle, Skeletal: A subtype of striated muscle, attached by TENDONS to the SKELETON. Skeletal muscles are innervated and their movement can be consciously controlled. They are also called voluntary muscles.Adolescent Behavior: Any observable response or action of an adolescent.Muscle Contraction: A process leading to shortening and/or development of tension in muscle tissue. Muscle contraction occurs by a sliding filament mechanism whereby actin filaments slide inward among the myosin filaments.Torque: The rotational force about an axis that is equal to the product of a force times the distance from the axis where the force is applied.Occupational Exposure: The exposure to potentially harmful chemical, physical, or biological agents that occurs as a result of one's occupation.Periodicals as Topic: A publication issued at stated, more or less regular, intervals.Publishing: "The business or profession of the commercial production and issuance of literature" (Webster's 3d). It includes the publisher, publication processes, editing and editors. Production may be by conventional printing methods or by electronic publishing.Air Conditioning: The maintenance of certain aspects of the environment within a defined space to facilitate the function of that space; aspects controlled include air temperature and motion, radiant heat level, moisture, and concentration of pollutants such as dust, microorganisms, and gases. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)Organizational Case Studies: Descriptions and evaluations of specific health care organizations.Occupational Diseases: Diseases caused by factors involved in one's employment.Internationality: The quality or state of relating to or affecting two or more nations. (After Merriam-Webster Collegiate Dictionary, 10th ed)MinnesotaMuscle Fatigue: A state arrived at through prolonged and strong contraction of a muscle. Studies in athletes during prolonged submaximal exercise have shown that muscle fatigue increases in almost direct proportion to the rate of muscle glycogen depletion. Muscle fatigue in short-term maximal exercise is associated with oxygen lack and an increased level of blood and muscle lactic acid, and an accompanying increase in hydrogen-ion concentration in the exercised muscle.Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice: Knowledge, attitudes, and associated behaviors which pertain to health-related topics such as PATHOLOGIC PROCESSES or diseases, their prevention, and treatment. This term refers to non-health workers and health workers (HEALTH PERSONNEL).Research Personnel: Those individuals engaged in research.United States Environmental Protection Agency: An agency in the Executive Branch of the Federal Government. It was created as an independent regulatory agency responsible for the implementation of federal laws designed to protect the environment. Its mission is to protect human health and the ENVIRONMENT.
Marketing and other strategies of the food industry have been compared to those of the tobacco industry at the height of its ... In response, the food industry has engaged in some voluntary efforts to improve the nutritional content of their foods. In 2005 ... As with many industries, the food industry has experienced growth in the capacity to produce food with the use of improved ... Consolidation of this industry took place in the 1970s and 1980s through a series of mergers and acquisitions. "Big food" has ...
Hilton described him as "a persistent Labour critic of the tobacco industry". Robinson helped to put forth the 1968 Health ... National Council for Voluntary Organisations (Great Britain) (1988). New Society. New Society Ltd. p. 131. staff (6 June 1973 ... Robinson was supportive of voluntary hospitals and health services, and voiced his encouragement to these institutions in a ... ISBN 0-521-89413-1. Feldman, Eric A.; Ronald Bayer (2004). Unfiltered: conflicts over tobacco policy and public health. Harvard ...
Health effects of tobacco
... had a close affiliation to the tobacco industry. Researchers without tobacco lobby influence have concluded the complete ... the marketing of tobacco towards very impressionable adolescents in the developing world makes it less of a voluntary action ... "21st Century Could See a Billion Tobacco Victims" (PDF). Tobacco News Flash. Tobacco-Free Missouri Coalition. 3 (12): 1. 2007. ... Chewing tobacco. Chewing tobacco has been known to cause cancer, particularly of the mouth and throat. According to ...
Timeline of tobacco history The European tobacco growers website The Legacy Tobacco Documents Library UCSF Tobacco Industry ... exchange for a combination of yearly payments to the states and voluntary restrictions on advertising and marketing of tobacco ... Tobacco advertising of tobacco products by the tobacco industry is through a variety of media, including sponsorship, ... Pipe tobacco, chewing tobacco, and snuff are fire-cured. Flue-cured tobacco was originally strung onto tobacco sticks, which ...
Alcohol and Tobacco Tax and Trade Bureau
... and promotes voluntary compliance. Trade Investigations: comprises investigators who ensure industry compliance with the laws ... Tobacco Enforcement Division: protects the revenue and promotes voluntary compliance by monitoring the domestic tobacco trade, ... Tax and Trade Bureau website Alcohol and Tobacco Tax and Trade Bureau in the Federal Register History of TTB Alcohol, Tobacco, ... ensuring only qualified applicants enter the tobacco trade, ensuring compliance with the tax laws relating to tobacco, and ...
Smoking in Japan
Until 1985, the tobacco industry was a government-run monopoly; the government of Japan is still involved in the industry ... Advertising that encourages women to smoke is forbidden in Japan under a voluntary industry agreement. The industry group ... The Diet of Japan has many MPs who have interests in the tobacco industry and thus tobacco control legislation is uncommon. Non ... Japan Tobacco's Delightfully Disturbing 'Smoking Manners for Adults' Ads Steve Levenstein Japan Tobacco's Clever and Strange ...
Japan portal Tokyo portal Companies portal Tobacco industry Japan Tobacco International JT Marvelous Smoking in Japan Onshino ... On 30 October 2013 JT announced that it would close four Japanese factories and cut 1,600 jobs in Japan through voluntary ... Levin, Mark, Tobacco Industrial Policy and Tobacco Control Policy in Japan (日本におけるたばこ産業政策とたばこ規制政策). Tobacco Free Japan: ... Japan Tobacco runs the Tobacco and Salt Museum in Shibuya, Tokyo. Japan Tobacco controls 66.4% of the cigarette market in
Main article: Tobacco advertising. Tobacco advertising of tobacco products by the tobacco industry is through a variety of ... exchange for a combination of yearly payments to the states and voluntary restrictions on advertising and marketing of tobacco ... Pipe tobacco, chewing tobacco, and snuff are fire-cured.. *Flue-cured tobacco was originally strung onto tobacco sticks, which ... Major tobacco companies have encouraged global tobacco production. Philip Morris, British American Tobacco, and Japan Tobacco ...
Delaware Division of Alcohol and Tobacco Enforcement
The Commission was charged with regulating alcohol and the alcohol industry within the state. A formal system of licensing, ... in order to encourage voluntary compliance and create safer communities. During the era of prohibition (1920-1933), the State ... In 2004, the Division of Alcoholic Beverage Control and Tobacco Enforcement was renamed the Division of Alcohol and Tobacco ... related to state alcohol and tobacco laws and the dangers of alcohol and tobacco abuse. Agents also provide training to other ...
Corporate social responsibility
Industries such as tobacco, alcohol or munitions firms make products that damage their consumers or the environment. Such firms ... It is an approach to make voluntary commitments more binding. In opposition to mandated CSR regulation, Researchers Armstrong ... Proctor states that "the tobacco industry was the leading funder of research into genetics, viruses, immunology, air pollution ... How Alcohol Industry CSM Protects the Industry". Social Marketing Quarterly. 22 (4): 264-279. doi:10.1177/1524500415621558. ...
Jillian van Turnhout
On each of the four occasions that she was appointed, she was nominated by the Community and Voluntary Pillar on behalf of the ... Marie O'Halloran (2016-01-20). "Van Turnhout urges end to RSA links with drinks industry". Irishtimes.com. Retrieved 2017-06-26 ... by Jillian van Turnhout (2012-05-31). "Protection of Children's Health from Tobacco Smoke Bill 2012 , Senator Jillian van ... by Jillian van Turnhout (2015-05-12). "Role of drinks industry in Schools - Commencement Matters , Senator Jillian van Turnhout ...
Southern Rhodesia in World War II
Voluntary employment increased sharply during 1940 and 1941, both among indigenous blacks and migrant labourers, but many white ... The number of cattle slaughtered by the beef industry increased by 134%, from 71,000 head in 1937 to 160,000 head in 1945. ... Production of the colony's most important cash crop, tobacco, was high throughout the war, averaging about 40 million pounds ( ... Samasuwo, Nhamo (2003). "Food Production and War Supplies: Rhodesia's Beef Industry during the Second World War, 1939-1945". ...
Industry mainly involves the processing of agricultural produce, including jute, sugarcane, tobacco, and grain. Its workforce ... Service is voluntary and the minimum age for enlistment is 18 years. Nepal spends $99.2 million (2004) on its military-1.5% of ... and industry 15.4% of Nepal's GDP. While agriculture and industry are contracting, the contribution by the service sector is ... Agriculture employs 76% of the workforce, services 18% and manufacturing and craft-based industry 6%. Agricultural produce - ...
1872 Republican National Convention
... except so much as may be derived from a tax upon tobacco and liquors, should be raised by duties upon importations, the details ... and we urge continued careful encouragement and protection of voluntary immigration. Tenth: The franking privilege ought to be ... of which should be so adjusted as to aid in securing remunerative wages to labor, and to promote the industries, prosperity, ...
List of Acts of the Parliament of Ireland, 1701-1800
7 Tobacco trade c. 8 Stamp duties c. 9 Mutiny c. 10 Postage c. 11 Lotteries c. 12 Explaining certain deeds of trust c. 13 Erne ... 17 Voluntary contributions to the Exchequer c. 18 Stamp duties c. 19 Indemnity for suppressing the insurrections c. 20 ... 34 Dublin House of Industry c. 35 Presentments for roads c. 36 Trespass of animals c. 37 Chapels of ease c. 38 Insurrections : ... 22 Tobacco c. 23 Beer and spirits c. 24 Auctions, &c. c. 25 Loan from the English to the Irish Treasury c. 26 Sites for ...
Myron H. McCord
In addition to the sugar beets being grown near Yuma, McCord suggested tobacco and peanuts as potential new crops. In reference ... Secretary of Interior Cornelius N. Bliss responded with, "Do not see how you can recede your voluntary request to be ... economic section of report listed all the territory's mines and gave information on agricultural and cattle ranching industries ...
Kingdom of Nepal
Industry mainly involves the processing of agricultural produce, including jute, sugarcane, tobacco, and grain. The spectacular ... Service is voluntary and the minimum age for enlistment is 18 years. Nepal spends $99.2 million (2004) on its military-1.5% of ... The industries suffered because of their dependence on India for resources, trade and transit. The Government of Nepal tried to ... Agriculture employs 81% of the workforce, services 16% and manufacturing/craft-based industry 3%. Agricultural produce-mostly ...
Irish indentured servants
... and approximately 40,000 came as voluntary indentured servants, while many also traveled as voluntary, un-indentured emigrants ... and such other Irish within their precincts as should not prove they had such a settled course of industry as yielded them a ... when the colony was transitioning from tobacco and cotton cultivation to sugar. The resulting "sugar boom" created a massive ... and the Wars of the Three Kingdoms led to a reduction in the number of voluntary migrants, while growing numbers of prisoners ...
Sephardic Jews in the Netherlands
Jews also became heavily involved in the jewelry and tobacco industries. While occupational status did not differ greatly ... However, the reason to settle in Amsterdam was not merely voluntary; many crypto-Jews, or Marranos, had been refused admission ... Jews tended to involve themselves in newer industries in Amsterdam, like the importation of colonial products, that just so ... ISBN 1-874774-46-3. "The sugar refineries, tobacco workshops, and diamond-processing ateliers established by Portuguese Jews ...
The flame retardant industry has developed a voluntary initiative to reduce emissions to the environment (VECAP) by ... a Chicago Tribune investigative series alleged that the chemical and tobacco industries mounted a campaign to increase the ... "Chemical companies, Big Tobacco and the toxic products in your home". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved 4 May 2013.. ... Daniel Moraine, Chemical Industry Insider Comes Out, Sacramento Bee, Sacramento, California, Jan 26 2014. ...
T. D. J. Nagabhushanam
Mechanics of rationality in fixing minimum prices for tobacco (with Mohammed Hassan) (Rajahmundry:Tobacco Research) 7(1) (1981 ... Voluntary Health Association of India) (1992) Rural Development in Andhra Pradesh (with T. D. S. Kumar) (New Delhi:Indian ... Economics of size in sericulture industry in Chittoor district, Andhra Pradesh (with Neelakanta Sastry, T. V. Chandra Reddy) ( ...
1933 Birthday Honours
For services in connection with the development of the tobacco industry in the Nyasaland Protectorate. William Alexander Jex ... Lilian Le Mesurier, Has organised voluntary work in connection with the London Boys Prison. Charles George Maby, MBE, Chief ... For services in connection with the development of the grapefruit industry in British Honduras. Edwin Arthur Brown, Municipal ...
Governorship of Mike Huckabee
... and a tobacco industry lawsuit settlement. The program, ARKids First, reduced the number of uninsured children to nine percent ... In response to the criticism he created the "Tax Me More Fund", which was a voluntary fund for people who felt that the ... On May 8, 2003, Huckabee signed into law increases in cigarette and tobacco taxes as well as a three percent income tax ... Should the bond issue fail, the taxes would remain in place, lessening the chances that the trucking industry will campaign ...
Russell Street, Hong Kong
Sino-foreign Rivalry in the Cigarette Industry, 1890-1930 Golden-Silk Smoke: A History of Tobacco in China, 1550-2010 ... and Hong Kong Tramways at last agreed to change mandatory participation in the new Condition of Services to voluntary-based ... Tobacco Co., based in Russell Street. Due to the intense rivalry with the monopoly, British American Tobacco company, the Jian ... and with his industry were united great natural shrewdness and common sense." Russell Street used to be a traditional Chinese ...
Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
... deeply embedded with the food industry, and often communicate[s] messaging that is industry friendly." A 2011 survey found that ... Kids Eat Right - About Kids Eat Right Grassley renews call for voluntary disclosure by influential disease and medical advocacy ... Big Tobacco Played Dirty and Millions Died. How Similar Is Big Food?". The Milbank Quarterly. 87 (1): 259-294. doi:10.1111/j. ... This industry funding also gives food companies the ability to offer official educational seminars to teach dietitians how to ...
U.S. Consumer Product Safety Commission
... about consumer products when it identifies a consumer product hazard that is not already addressed by an industry voluntary ... Tobacco, Firearms, and Explosives, and drugs are regulated by the Food and Drug Administration. The CPSC fulfills its mission ... 2007 has been called the "Year of the Recall" in the United States, and the CPSC alone obtained 473 voluntary recalls in 2007, ... For certain infant products, the CPSC regulates even when voluntary standards exist. The CPSC is required to follow a rigorous ...
Liberal Democratic Party (Australia)
... and voluntary voting Support for increasing barriers for immigrants to acquire Australian citizenship Maximisation of freedom ... with no options off the table Support of market over government responses to climate change Opposition to industry subsidies ... including for alcohol and tobacco) Support of same-sex marriage Equality before the law, including opposition to affirmative ... electricity generation and public transport services Deregulate industry to the greatest extent possible to build its ...
... that concerns about the effect of marketing by the tobacco industry, as influenced by the results of these scientific studies, ... A voluntary quality standard for snus products has been introduced (Gothiatek) that sets maximum levels for certain ... Chewing tobacco is a long-established North American form of tobacco (derived from traditional use of raw tobacco leaf by ... Some forms of tobacco consumed in the mouth may be categorized as: Scandinavian snus is a moist form of smokeless tobacco which ...
Alcohol prohibition in India
Left government in 2017 when they came to power citing heavy losses in state revenue and sharp decrease in tourism industry.[41 ... Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms and Explosives. *Bureau of Prohibition. *Cullen-Harrison Act ... Voluntary Committee of Lawyers. *Webb-Kenyon Act. *Wickersham Commission. *Willis-Campbell Act ...
"N.F.L.'s Flawed Concussion Research and Ties to Tobacco Industry".. . ... Compliance rates with voluntary open access policies remain low. According to UNESCO's Policy guidelines for the development ... Lower costs for research in academia and industry have been claimed in the Budapest Open Access Initiative, although ... As the role of scholarly publishers within the knowledge communication industry continues to evolve, it seen as necessary ...
Regulation of genetic engineering
a b c Agriculture - Department of Primary Industries. *^ a b c "Welcome to the Office of the Gene Technology Regulator Website" ... or voluntary. A study investigating voluntary labeling in South Africa found that 31% of products labeled as GMO-free had a GM ... A study investigating voluntary labeling in South Africa found that 31% of products labeled as GMO-free had a GM content above ... Labeling can be mandatory up to a threshold GM content level (which varies between countries) or voluntary. ...
Mustafa Kemal Atatürk
The tobacco and cigarette trade was controlled by two French companies: the "Regie Company" and "Narquileh Tobacco". The ... Atatürk supported the establishment of the automobile industry. He wanted it to become a center in the region. The motto of the ... a system of voluntary civic and social organizations and institutions as opposed to the force-backed structures of the state. ... Turkish tobacco was an important industrial crop, while its cultivation and manufacture had been French monopolies under ...
United States labor law
cf Imperial Group Pension Trust Ltd v Imperial Tobacco Ltd  1 WLR 589 and Equitable Life Assurance Society v Hyman [2000 ... Magnan v. Anaconda Industries, Inc 193 Conn. 558, 479 A.2d 781 (1984) the Connecticut Supreme Court held that good faith was a ... ERISA 1974, 29 USC §1003(a). This could include any Voluntary Employee Beneficiary Association, such as for child care cover, ... Burlington Industries Inc v Ellerth 524 US 742 (1998) relying on Restatement of Torts §219 ...
Others argue that adding diversity in the health care industry can help reduce the high IMR because more representation can ... or exhibited voluntary muscle movement) but failed to survive for at least seven days. Although such extremely premature ... avoiding tobacco use, and avoiding excessive alcohol and drug use. If women follow some of the above guidelines, later ... umbilical cord pulsation or definite movement of voluntary muscles. This definition is used in Austria, for example. ...
In Australia, the Organic Federation of Australia is the peak body for the organic industry in Australia and is part of the ... Alcoholic products are also subject to the Alcohol and Tobacco Tax and Trade Bureau regulations. Any use of added sulfites in ... and the voluntary standards and certification program popularized by the Rodale Press in 1972. Some retailers have their ... Originally, in the 1960s through the 1980s, the organic food industry was composed of mainly small, independent farmers, ...
This led to the system being introduced voluntary in countries such as China, Cuba and Vietnam and in some cases imposed by the ... but it is eclipsed by the state-owned enterprises in the field of industry, transport and credit. ... and liquor and tobacco operations." ... for focusing primarily on the development of heavy industry.[ ...
History of the United Kingdom during the First World War
Baker, Charles Whiting (1921). Government control and operation of industry in Great Britain and the United States during the ... One response to this threat was to introduce voluntary rationing in February 1917, a scheme said to have been endorsed by ... In 1913-14, indirect taxes on tobacco and alcohol yielded £75 million, while direct taxes yielded £88 million, including an ... Historian R. J. Q. Adams reports that 19% of the men in the iron and steel industry entered the Army, 22% of the miners, 20% in ...
The liquor industry responded to the taxes by forming an industry lobby, the United States Brewers Association, that succeeded ... Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms and Explosives. *Bureau of Prohibition. *Cullen-Harrison Act ... Voluntary Committee of Lawyers. *Webb-Kenyon Act. *Wickersham Commission. *Willis-Campbell Act ... by emphasizing the need to destroy the moral corruption of the saloons and the political power of the brewing industry, and to ...
City of London
The insurance industry is focused around the eastern side of the City, around Lloyd's building. A secondary financial district ... It is a Voluntary-Aided (VA) Church of England school, maintained by the Education Service of the City of London. ... Tobacco Pipe Makers and Tobacco Blenders. *Furniture Makers. *Scientific Instrument Makers. *Chartered Surveyors ... Both of these terms are also often used as metonyms for the United Kingdom's trading and financial services industries, which ...
Right to Fair Compensation and Transparency in Land Acquisition, Rehabilitation and Resettlement Act, 2013
"Industry against proposed law on land acquisition". Chennai, India: The Hindu. 14 November 2011.. ... DLF suggests that direct land transactions with owners on a willing voluntary basis, at market-determined rate, should be kept ... Cigarettes and Other Tobacco Products Act. *Indian Evidence Act. *Juvenile Justice (Care and Protection of Children) Act, 2015 ...
... also has significant capacity in the textile and food industries.. Bitola is also home to twelve consulates, which gives ... The Church of Saint Demetrius was built in 1830 with voluntary contributions of local merchants and craftsmen. It is plain on ... Tobacco institute - Prilep. *Hydro-biological institute - Ohrid. *Slavic cultural institute - Prilep. Gymnasium "Josip Broz- ... The icons and frescoes were created thanks to voluntary contributions of local businessmen and citizens. The authors of many of ...
A voluntary scheme has been set up by The Market People, backed by the National Association of British Market Authorities ( ... By the thirteenth century, counties with important textile industries were investing in purpose built halls for the sale of ... spices from India and South-East Asia and tobacco, sugar, rum and coffee from the New World. ...
... "graded for their school work and often for their industry." They can also develop industry outside of school in sports, games, ... Other reflexes, such as the walking reflex appear to be replaced by more sophisticated voluntary control later in infancy. This ... These include prescription and nonprescription drugs, illegal drugs, tobacco, alcohol, environmental pollutants, infectious ... The fourth stage is "Industry (competence) vs. Inferiority". The basic virtue for this stage is competency which happens at the ...
... or voluntary. In Canada and the US labeling of GM food is voluntary, while in Europe all food (including processed food) ... Avise JC (2004). The hope, hype & reality of genetic engineering: remarkable stories from agriculture, industry, medicine, and ... The first field trials of genetically engineered plants occurred in France and the US in 1986, tobacco plants were engineered ... Genetic engineering has applications in medicine, research, industry and agriculture and can be used on a wide range of plants ...
Volatile organic compound
... and industry has developed numerous voluntary ecolabels and rating systems, such as EMICODE, M1, Blue Angel and ... One VOC that is a known human carcinogen is benzene, which is a chemical found in environmental tobacco smoke, stored fuels, ... Tetrachloroethene is used widely in dry cleaning and by industry. Fossil fuelsEdit. The use of fossil fuels produces VOC's ... These regulations have prompted several companies in the paint and adhesive industries to adapt with VOC level reductions their ...
Genetically modified food
"Hawaii Papaya Industry Association. Archived from the original on 2015-01-07. Retrieved April 17, 2015.. ... Botha, Gerda M.; Viljoen, Christopher D. (2009). "South Africa: A case study for voluntary GM labelling". Food Chemistry. 112 ( ... The first genetically modified plant was produced in 1983, using an antibiotic-resistant tobacco plant. Genetically ... A study that investigated voluntary labeling in South Africa found that 31% of products labeled as GMO-free had a GM content ...
Volatile organic compound
... and industry has developed numerous voluntary ecolabels and rating systems, such as EMICODE, M1, Blue Angel and ... One VOC that is a known human carcinogen is benzene, which is a chemical found in environmental tobacco smoke, stored fuels, ... in the paint industry and Weld-On in the adhesive industry. ... Tetrachloroethene is used widely in dry cleaning and by industry.. Fossil fuels. The use of fossil fuels produces VOC's ...
Khorat was then repopulated by forced migration of Mekong Valley Lao, with a heavy influx of voluntary Chinese migrants. ... Silk production is an important cottage industry and contributes significantly to the economy. ... Nong Khai Province, which stretches along the Mekong River, is noted for the production of pineapples, tobacco (which is dried ... A number move to areas of dense or tourist populations to work in the service industry. ...
After 1620, with growing demand for tobacco on the continent, the Company arranged to sell Virginia tobacco in the Netherlands ... Industry flourished and relations with Chief Powhatan's people improved. Charter of 1609. Main article: Second Virginia ... The business of the company was the settlement of the Virginia colony, supported by a labour force of voluntary transportees ... Cash crops, Tobacco, Timber. The London Company (also called the Virginia Company of London) was an English joint stock company ...
Toxic Substances Control Act of 1976
This occurs either by (1) mutual agreement, or (2) voluntary industry efforts under the HPV Challenge Program. The EPA has ... tobacco and tobacco products regulated by the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms and Explosives, substances used only in ... Chemical industry's support for TSCA reformEdit. In 2009, chemical manufacturers stated that TSCA needs "modernizing" to ... Washington State Department of Labor and Industries.. *^ Ahlborg, G Jr; Hemminki, K (August 1995). "Reproductive effects of ...
Organ transplantation in China
In 2006, allegations emerged that many Falun Gong practitioners had been killed to supply China's organ transplant industry. ... organ donation from voluntary civilian organ donors has become the only legitimate source of organ transplantations", and ... In 2006, allegations that Falun Gong practitioners had been killed to supply China's organ transplant industry prompted an ... and is moving towards a voluntary, donation-based system. José Nuñez, medical officer in charge of global organ transplantation ...
China investment cuts tobacco giant's cigarette dependence
British American Tobacco has made its first outside investment as it steps up the search for cutting-edge technology that could ... The new face of the beauty industry that is leaving the established players looking all washed out Premium ... Big Oil doing its bit with voluntary carbon offset schemes Premium * 22 Apr 2019, 8:30pm Hollywood scriptwriters prepare for ... Tobacco giant BAT has invested research and development cash outside the firm for the first time to help it win the race for ...
Smokeless Tobacco and Vapour Products in the Netherlands
Tobacco retail current value sales in the Netherlands recorded a modest decline in 2017, ... Smokeless Tobacco and Vapour Products in the Netherlands: ... This industry report originates from Passport: Tobacco market ... Modest value sales decline in tobacco despite improving economy. Supermarkets experiment with voluntary restrictions as display ... Tobacco in the Netherlands - Industry Overview. EXECUTIVE SUMMARY. Modest value sales decline in tobacco despite improving ...
A tobacco industry study of airline cabin air quality: dropping inconvenient findings | Tobacco Control
"We have had mixed results combating [voluntary smoke-free policies]. However, success is possible. SAS recently overturned its ... Tobacco industry manipulation of the hospitality industry to maintain smoking in public places. Tobacco Control2002;11:94-104. ... agreed to cooperate with the tobacco industry funded study.31,35. The tobacco industry and the International Flight Attendants ... Tobacco Industry efforts at discrediting scientific knowledge of environmental tobacco smoke: a review of internal industry ...
Tobacco industry successfully prevented tobacco control legislation in Argentina | Tobacco Control
As in other countries, in 1977 the tobacco industry created a weak voluntary self regulating code to avoid strong legislated ... Tobacco industry strategies to undermine the 8th World Conference on Tobacco or Health. Tobacco Control2003;12:195-202. ... Tobacco industry manipulation of the hospitality industry to maintain smoking in public places. Tobacco Control2002;11:94-104. ... Tobacco industry youth smoking prevention programs: protecting the industry and hurting tobacco control. Am J Public Health2002 ...
WHO Global Forum in Moscow. Tackling food-related diseases: voluntary measures or regulation - carrot or stick? | Baby Milk...
2) Tobacco companies were the only industry deemed to be beyond the pale. in the working group on food and drink, chaired by ... "Member States have to decide whether the industrys voluntary strategies are the right way to go. They can be alluring because ... Since industry can and does already make representations at each World Health Assembly, is there really a need to give industry ... If voluntary measures are promoted as the solution to NCDs Member States may lose the will to legislate and tackle the problems ...
Letter to ILO on tobacco industry contract renewals - Framework Convention Alliance
Voluntary Health Association of India, India. Vote For Health Campaign, India. World Heart Federation, Switzerland. XQNS ... led exclusively by tobacco companies and members of the tobacco industry. ECLTs stated intention may be to ensure tobacco- ... ILO collaboration with the ECLT legitimizes a known tobacco industry front group. British American Tobacco co‐founded the ECLT ... Tanzania Tobacco Control Forum, Tanzania. Tobacco Free Association of Zambia, Zambia. Tobacco-Free Finland, Finland. ...
Local vape industry is fighting only to stop tobacco | Scoop News
For several years New Zealands vape industry has been calling for regulation. It was somewhat frustrating then when Leader of ... Up until now, as an emerging unregulated local industry weve implemented our own voluntary code around standards. However, ... Local vape industry is fighting only to stop tobacco. Thursday, 10 October 2019, 10:39 am. Press Release: Vaping Trade ... Our friends, colleagues, and family wanting to quit tobacco, now and in the future, are well worth the fight.. Jonathan Devery ...
Articles about Partnerships and Voluntary controls | Archive site - new site at www.babymilkaction.org
Measures are needed to ensure transparency of interactions between all parts of government and the tobacco industry and for ... Articles about Partnerships and Voluntary controls. 6 July, 2011 - 21:45 - Patti Voluntary controls fail to reduce harmful ... Corporate Social Responsibility and Access to Policy Élites: An Analysis of Tobacco Industry Documents ... An analysis of the content of food industry pledges on marketing to children Public Health Nutrition by Corinna Hawkes (1) and ...
Medical & Legal Briefs - Chemical Injury Information Network
Ruling against FDA Regulation of Tobacco Challenged. * $3.2 Million Award for Coal Tar Cancer. * Tobacco Industry Wins ETS ... Voluntary Testing Agreement with Manufacturers Announced. * Biomaterials Law Protects Chemical Suppliers. * Hercules, Uniroyal ... Award Against Tobacco Industry Upheld for the First Time. Medical & Legal Briefs Vol. 3, No. 1 (July/August 1997). Lead Story: ... New York City Files Suit Against Tobacco Industry. Medical & Legal Briefs Vol. 2, No. 3 (Nov/December 1996). Lead Story: Legal ...
Labor Secretary announces bulletin on preventing green tobacco sickness | Occupational Safety and Health Administration
In recent years, the tobacco industry has undertaken voluntary efforts to curtail child labor in tobacco farming and increase ... "green tobacco sickness." Workers who plant, cultivate and harvest tobacco are particularly at risk. U.S. Secretary of Labor ... Both OSHA and the Wage and Hour Division have conducted outreach and education in tobacco-producing states to highlight ... David Michaels met with tobacco manufacturers and buyers in North Carolina to discuss labor law compliance throughout the ...
Addicted to Tobacco Stories: A One-Sided Portrayal of a Risky Product | Media Research Center
... but tobacco gets far more coverage than any other risky product, including such illegal drugs as cocaine and marijuana. This is ... Secondly, the history of voluntary agreements with the tobacco industry is not good, to put it mildly." Steve Parrish of Philip ... But on such issues as tobacco regulation, tobacco advertising, tobacco lawsuits, campaign contributions by the tobacco industry ... In stories about tobacco regulation, tobacco advertising, tobacco lawsuits, campaign contributions from tobacco companies, and ...
Sterilisation - Atheist Nexus
Opinion Piece: How to improve health services in the bush in the next ten years | ruralhealth.org.au
Experts urge health warnings for junk food - Manchester Evening News
STRATEGIES used against the tobacco industry to discourage smokers could also be used in the battle with obesity, researchers ... The food industry tactics are similar to those used by the tobacco industry - supplying misinformation, using supposedly ... Such approaches are becoming more relevant because the experience of using voluntary codes of conduct within the food industry ... STRATEGIES used against the tobacco industry to discourage smokers could also be used in the battle with obesity, researchers ...
The Rise Of Illicit Tobacco
Smoking cigarettes kills millions every year and the WHO established the Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (FCTC) in 2005 ... will illicit tobacco be limited. However, FCTC utterly rejects agreements with industry involvement. Cigarette producers and ... Voluntary support for the Protocol is patchy: For example, UK, Russia, India and China are Parties to the FCTC but have not ... Meanwhile the illicit tobacco market is flourishing. Without assistance from international security experts and tobacco ...
A Direct Method and ICER Tables for the Estimation of the Cost-Effectiveness of Smoking Cessation Interventions in General...
Beginning in the mid-1980s, several factors, including revelations of tobacco industry malfeasance, the development of nicotine ... From 1964 through the early 1980s, both federal and voluntary agencies endorsed the concept of "safer" cigarettes. ... Tobacco Control;Jun2008, Vol. 17 Issue 3, p177 Objective: To estimate the incremental cost-effectiveness ratio of a structured ... Tobacco Research;Dec2006 Supplement 2, Vol. 8, p59 Internet interventions for smoking cessation are ubiquitous. Yet, to date, ...
Tobacco companies targeting children: Study - The Hindu
... on Wednesday finds that tobacco companies in India are systematically targeting children as young as eight by selling tobacco ... Voluntary Health Association of India said. "Our schools are not safe so long as the tobacco industry continues to try and lure ... "The tobacco industry must be held accountable for their aggressive advertising efforts around our childrens schools,"Bhavna B ... This is not the first time the tobacco industry has been found targeting children, nor is it unique to India. However, the data ...
Effect of smoke-free workplaces on smoking behaviour: systematic review | The BMJ
New tobacco industry strategy to prevent local tobacco control.JAMA1993; 270:479-486. ... Voluntary action to make homes smoke-free leads to lower rates of smoking among US high school students (odds ratio 0.79,95% ... Multistate settlement with the tobacco industry. www.library.ucsf.edu/tobacco/litigation/msa.pdf (accessed 20 Aug 2001).. ... smoke-free workplaces substantially reduce tobacco industry sales. This loss in revenues explains why the industry fights so ...
Cotton and Tobacco Rules and Regulations | Agricultural Marketing Service
... provides for tobacco inspection and grading services to be offered to tobacco producers and manufacturers on a voluntary basis ... tobacco and add value to the tobacco industry. ... Tobacco Inspection Act. Tobacco Inspection Act (7 U.S.C. 511, ... These provisions continue to generate competitive advantage for the U.S. cotton industry. ...
The YAAs goals are to change the social norms that support youth tobacco abuse and to counter tobacco industry marketing ... The Lung Association is one of Canadas oldest voluntary, not-for-profit health-promotion organizations. The Lung Association ... Who: Patrick Reynolds and 600 of Ontarios Youth with a passion to Take!Action against the tobacco industry When: Saturday May ... Patrick Reynolds is sharing his insights into the evils of the tobacco industry with Ontarios youth. At the second annual Take ...
WHO EMRO - STOP Tobacco Industry
No prohibition on tobacco industry linked track-and-trace systems, voluntary arrangements in enforcing anti-smuggling laws ... The STOP Tobacco Industry Interference Index The Global Tobacco Industry Interference Index is a review of how governments are ... Selling addiction: The Tobacco industrys transition to new products. *The tobacco industry: decades of deception and duplicity ... Indicators of tobacco industry interference. The tobacco industry repeats the same tactics in multiple jurisdictions to ...
Health effects of tobacco - Wikipedia
... had a close affiliation to the tobacco industry. Researchers without tobacco lobby influence have concluded the complete ... the marketing of tobacco towards very impressionable adolescents in the developing world makes it less of a voluntary action ... "21st Century Could See a Billion Tobacco Victims" (PDF). Tobacco News Flash. Tobacco-Free Missouri Coalition. 3 (12): 1. 2007. ... Chewing tobacco. Chewing tobacco has been known to cause cancer, particularly of the mouth and throat. According to ...
France orders tobacco industry: stub out cigarette butt pollution - Reuters
... unless they take voluntary action in the next three months, a government minister said on Thursday. ... France will force tobacco companies to help end the scourge of cigarette butts that litter streets and contaminate water, ... British American Tobacco, whose brands include Lucky Strike and Rothmans, said in a statement it would work with the government ... "If no effective commitments are proposed by September, the government will force the industry to get involved in the collection ...
Inside The Business Of E-Cigarettes And The European Tobacco Industry
... the problem is so alarming that the World Health Assembly approved nine voluntary global targets to help decrease tobacco ... The goal is to control tobacco use and reduce smoking. With a nearly trillion-dollar industry at stake, this does not come easy ... One solution to this is to make the excise on tobacco higher so that large tobacco companies do not have the same impact on ... Historically, these lower prices have sparked a high consumption of tobacco that has been supported by transnational tobacco ...
Tax on salt could reduce cardiovascular disease deaths by... ( Voluntary industry reductions in sal...)
Voluntary industry reductions in salt content and taxation on products...The study set out to assess the cost-effectiveness of ... While a taxation increase of 40 per cent on industry prices (similar to tobacco), determined by previous work to lead to a 6 ... Voluntary industry reductions in salt content and taxation on products...The study set out to assess the cost-effectiveness of ... Voluntary industry reductions in salt content and taxation on products containing salt in 19 developing countries could reduce ...
Tobacco industry may be using online videos to market products | Cancer Research UK
A new study suggests that tobacco companies may be using online video portals, such as YouTube, to get around advertising ... Many tobacco companies signed up to a voluntary agreement to restrict direct advertising on websites by the end of 2002, ... The industry has always denied advertising on the internet, but a new study in the journal Tobacco Control, conducted by ... Tobacco industry may be using online videos to market products. News report ...
Passive smoking dangers enforced - Wales Online
FRAMEWORK CONVENTNicotineInfluenced tobacco controlAnti-tobaccoCigarettesSmokersAlcoholIndustry'sBritish AmericaLegislationCigaretteTacticsProductsCompaniesUndermine tobacco controlUniversity of CalifoInternal tobacco industry documentsRegulation2017INTERFERENCEREGULATIONSAdvocatesSmokelessPublicChild Labor in TobaccoBansFCTC ArticleTarget of a 30Consumption2018SponsorshipOrganizationsSecondhand smokeTransnationalIneffective voluntaryPhilip MorrisRestrictWorld Health OrganCampaignsEpidemicReduce tobaccoConclusionsControl tobaccoPrevalenceExposureEfforts by the tobacco industryPracticesAgreementsHarmFDA'sRestrictionsCause of preventable death globallyRESEARCHERS1980sPreventionAdvertisementsRegulatoryMeasuresCongressJurisdictionsImplementation1988Health hazards
- III.Conference of the Parties to the WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control. (who.int)
- Article 5.3 of the World Health Organization Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (WHO FCTC) makes clear that the tobacco industry's interests are inherently in conflict with those of public health and, therefore, the industry cannot participate in setting or implementing public health policy. (fctc.org)
- This underlines the need for broad implementation of Article 5.3 of the Framework Convention on Tobacco Control. (babymilkaction.org)
- Smoking cigarettes kills millions every year and the WHO established the Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (FCTC) in 2005 to lower the death toll. (forbes.com)
- 2.1 Smoke-free movies and the WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control. (who.int)
- Governments should also consider implementing Framework Convention on Tobacco Control requirements on the internet, to further reduce such pro-tobacco content. (cancerresearchuk.org)
- These recommendations should be incorporated into WHO's Framework Convention on Tobacco Control. (nih.gov)
- And this is a key aspect of the legally-binding WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control. (ash.org)
- The global tobacco treaty, formally called Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (WHO FCTC), have seen innumerable instances of industry interference. (business-humanrights.org)
- Known as "MPOWER", these measures correspond to one or more of the demand reduction provisions included in the WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (WHO FCTC): Monitor tobacco use and prevention policies, Protect people from tobacco smoke, Offer help to quit tobacco use, Warn people about the dangers of tobacco, Enforce bans on tobacco advertising, promotion and sponsorship, and Raise taxes on tobacco. (who.int)
- It focuses primarily on countries that are parties to the WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control, but other countries were included. (scielo.org.mx)
- A key factor in the adoption of smokefree policies worldwide is the World Health Organization (WHO) Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (FCTC), the first global public health treaty. (scielo.org.mx)
- The research will also help policy-makers in low and middle income countries who are fighting an uphill battle against big tobacco companies to introduce regulations under the World Health Organisation's Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (FCTC). (bath.ac.uk)
- Study author Emily Savell added: "The WHO's Framework Convention on Tobacco Control recognises the significant influence that tobacco industry marketing has on smoking prevalence and initiation, and recommends that countries comprehensively ban tobacco advertising, promotion and sponsorship. (bath.ac.uk)
- 3 This has led to a comprehensive response from the global public health community, culminating in the Framework Convention on Tobacco Control. (bmj.com)
- 3 However, with the advent of disclosure legislation derived from the Framework Convention on Tobacco Control now potentially regulating the contents of cigarettes in many countries and requirements for the tobacco industry to disclose information on contents and emissions, the evidence base in this area may strengthen considerably in future. (tobaccoinaustralia.org.au)
- Switzerland could do better and we hope that it will become a party to the WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control external link soon," said Bettcher on the decline in Swiss smokers since 2000. (swissinfo.ch)
- WASHINGTON - Dehydration, dizziness, headaches and vomiting are just a few of the symptoms of nicotine poisoning, also known as "green tobacco sickness. (osha.gov)
- Tobacco also contains nicotine , which is a highly addictive psychoactive drug . (wikipedia.org)
- When tobacco is smoked, nicotine causes physical and psychological dependency . (wikipedia.org)
- You can stay with the status quo, with industry controlling the level of nicotine in products and companies deciding what health claims to make. (fee.org)
- Altria's two major competitors, Lorillard and Reynolds Tobacco, saw the law as giving Marlboro, with its market share locked and a lead in developing no-nicotine products, an unfair advantage. (fee.org)
- Although it is still early days to understand the TTCs motives behind their move away from tobacco into nicotine, a recent BAT investor presentation suggested that non-smokers rather than smokers could be the target of BAT's reduced harm products. (bath.ac.uk)
- At the same time the evidence base for smokeless tobacco and alternative nicotine delivery systems (ANDS) had grown. (biomedcentral.com)
- Product innovation and tobacco/nicotine bio-behavioral, epidemiological and public health sciences demonstrate that low nitrosamine smokeless tobacco (e.g. (biomedcentral.com)
- They are far too young to legally purchase cigarettes, yet children as young as 7 are being permitted to work in American tobacco fields and to be exposed to acute nicotine poisoning. (nclnet.org)
- On a humid day, when tobacco leaves are dripping with dew, a tobacco worker may be exposed to levels of nicotine equivalent to smoking three dozen cigarettes. (nclnet.org)
- collects and reports to Congress information concerning cigarette and smokeless tobacco advertising, sales expenditures, and the tar, nicotine, and carbon monoxide content of cigarettes. (sourcewatch.org)
- US blends also contain up to 10% of imported 'oriental' tobacco which is aromatic but relatively low (less than 2%) in nicotine. (ciggyfree.com)
- In 1996, the FDA asserted jurisdiction to regulate tobacco products, concluding that, under the FDCA, nicotine is a 'drug' and cigarettes and smokeless tobacco are 'devices' that deliver nicotine to the body. (justia.com)
- Gottlieb's announcement came nearly eight months after the Agency unveiled its planned tobacco regulatory policy shift to place nicotine, and the issue of addiction, at the center of FDA's tobacco regulatory efforts. (fdli.org)
- How should potential consumer surplus or utility loss from the removal of nicotine in cigarettes be considered, given the availability of other sources of nicotine such as electronic nicotine delivery systems (ENDS) ( g. , e-cigarettes and vapor products) and the continued availability of combusted tobacco products? (fdli.org)
- On the topic of ENDS, the Agency refers to such products in the Nicotine ANPRM as "potentially less hazardous" than other tobacco products ( i.e. , combusted tobacco products). (fdli.org)
- This is a continuation of a theme introduced for the first time in FDA's announcement in July 2017 that within the continuum of risk of tobacco products, nicotine is most harmful when delivered through smoke particles in combusted cigarettes. (fdli.org)
- The remaining 50% is tobacco treated with sugar to help cover up nicotine's bitter taste, and to help enhance the absorption of the nicotine in the body. (ciggyfree.com)
- They combine the tobacco with active ingredients which are further enhanced with special production methods to ensure the nicotine strength is many times more potent that the natural nicotine substance found in the tobacco plant. (ciggyfree.com)
Influenced tobacco control1
- Anti-tobacco sources far exceed pro-tobacco sources in terms of both quality and quantity. (mrc.org)
- Reporters ran soundbites from 270 anti-tobacco/pro-regulation sources, compared to 116 from pro-tobacco/anti-regulation sources. (mrc.org)
- They also gave anti-tobacco/pro-regulation sources the last word in 132 stories, compared to only 40 for the other side. (mrc.org)
- Anti-tobacco policymakers seem to ignore that smokers are human actors. (forbes.com)
- And WHO praises Turkmenistan for its anti-tobacco policies and holds meetings in that country, which is one of the most oppressive on the planet. (forbes.com)
- Norris J, University of California San Francisco News Office New Tobacco Industry Strategy is to Appear Anti-Tobacco, Study b UCSF Health Policy Researchers Concludes News release. (sourcewatch.org)
- Smokers barely responded to anti-tobacco campaigns, but decisions were to be made by national ministers of health. (artlebedev.com)
- Furthermore, the Report shows that 3 billion people are now covered by national anti-tobacco campaigns. (who.int)
- What is clear from the California experience, however, is that there are as many opportunities for political interference with the anti-tobacco education program through administrative actions as there are through the legislative process. (cdlib.org)
- More and more states are looking at'' ways to enforce existing state laws that forbid sale of tobacco products to minors, says Fran Du Melle, of the anti-tobacco Coalition on Smoking or Health. (csmonitor.com)
- The tobacco industry's key strategy to challenge anti-tobacco advertising, promotion and sponsorship (TAPS) policy is arguing against comprehensive bans. (who.int)
- B ritish American Tobacco has made its first outside investment as it steps up the search for cutting-edge technology that could help it to reduce its reliance on cigarettes and other traditional smoking products. (telegraph.co.uk)
- Heupink & Bloemen Tabak, which specialises in cigarillos and fine cut tobacco, remained one of the few domestic manufacturers still present in cigarettes in 2017. (euromonitor.com)
- The main cause was struggling sales of smoking tobacco, where the demand for fine cut tobacco, a popular substitute for cigarettes with cash-strapped consumers, particularly young adults, softened as the economy and consumer confidence improved. (euromonitor.com)
- These tactics, happening all over the country, is a clear violation of Section 5 and 6 of Cigarettes & Other Tobacco Products Act, it said. (thehindu.com)
- Cigarettes sold in underdeveloped countries tend to have higher tar content, and are less likely to be filtered, potentially increasing vulnerability to tobacco smoking related disease in these regions. (wikipedia.org)
- This prevalent use of tobacco could be a result of an unbalanced state policy that makes premium cigarettes, such as Marlboro, Camel, and Davidoff, less than half the cost compared to neighboring CIS and European countries. (forbes.com)
- Add about the fact that It is necessary to make the excise on tobacco higher so that Marlboro and other top-class cigarettes are not accessible to the kids and cost much more, same as in other European countries. (forbes.com)
- According to the Global Youth Tobacco Survey (GYTS 2017), 40.3% of children have tried to smoke electronic cigarettes, and every fifth teenager is now a regular electronic cigarette smoker. (forbes.com)
- In Ukraine and globally, tobacco and e-cigarettes are still rampant and increasing in popularity as the business includes new flavors, products, and branding. (forbes.com)
- Unfortunately, today's guidance fails to meet these principles - including FDA's continued failure to enforce the Tobacco Control Act and require all e-cigarettes, cigars and hookah go through premarket review. (lung.org)
- For media interested in speaking with an expert about e-cigarettes, tobacco use and lung health, contact the American Lung Association at [email protected] or 312-801-7628. (lung.org)
- The industry now proposes to "solve" challenges with illicit cigarettes via an industry-controlled tracking system, shifting power from governments to the industry. (tobaccoatlas.org)
- Clive Bates, the former head of the British charity Action on Smoking and Tobacco (ASH), says e-cigarettes could save hundreds of millions of lives in the 21st century, but only if over-zealous regulators in the EU and the US don't spoil the party. (economywatch.com)
- The third-largest US Tobacco company, Lorillard, last year acquired Blu e-cigarettes, which make up about one-third of sales at US convenience stores. (economywatch.com)
- But industry regulators are intent on spoiling the show and driving millions back to the noxious fumes of cigarettes. (economywatch.com)
- Natural News) Tobacco giant Philip Morris International (PMI) has announced its intentions of gradually phasing out the manufacture and sale of conventional cigarettes and instead focusing on electronic cigarette technology. (naturalnews.com)
- The Tobacco Institute says its proposal includes a program to help stores that sell tobacco products ``observe and enforce state laws'' that prohibit sale to minors, ``sharp new limitations'' on distribution of sample cigarettes, and educational materials to help parents persuade their children not to smoke. (csmonitor.com)
- While there is little evidence of the latter in Europe, some are specifically concerned that transnational tobacco companies (TTCs) (which make the vast majority of their current profits from cigarettes) will promote snus or e-cigarette use in a way that sustains and promotes, rather than reduces , smoking. (bath.ac.uk)
- Initially, there was the recognition that "cigarettes are hazardous to health" and an acceptance of safer alternative tobacco products (cigars, pipes, light/lower-tar cigarettes). (biomedcentral.com)
- By around 2000, support for a less-dangerous light/lower tar cigarette was gone, and harm reduction claims were avoided for products like cigars and even for smokeless tobacco which were summarized as "unsafe" or "not a safe alternative to cigarettes. (biomedcentral.com)
- Going forward, it is important to sharpen themes and key messages of tobacco control, while continuing to emphasize the extreme lethality of the inhaled smoke from cigarettes or from use of any combusting tobacco product. (biomedcentral.com)
- Much of what is now known about the construction and ingredients of Australian cigarettes has come from analyses of tobacco industry documents that were made public in the early 2000s as a consequence of litigation in the United States in the 1990s, which culminated in the 1998 Master Settlement Agreement between the major tobacco companies and the Attorneys General of most states. (tobaccoinaustralia.org.au)
- Many thousands of Australian industry documents are included in these collections, including some which proved very useful for understanding the distinctive contents and engineering of Australian cigarettes. (tobaccoinaustralia.org.au)
- A limited amount of information about the construction, smoke constituents and ingredients of Australian cigarettes has also been made public as a result of a voluntary agreement on ingredients disclosure between the Australian manufacturers and the Australian Government in 2000. (tobaccoinaustralia.org.au)
- Between the 1960s and the mid-1990s, the key issue in relation to the construction and labelling of Australian cigarettes was the development of 'low tar' cigarettes (also frequently referred to as 'light' or 'mild' cigarettes) by the tobacco industry. (tobaccoinaustralia.org.au)
- 6 The use of these new terms, together with increased use of colour coding, enabled the industry to continue to create the impression that some cigarettes are less harmful than others. (tobaccoinaustralia.org.au)
- However, the Australian industry has continued to use 'smooth' and 'fine' descriptors for those cigarettes which are engineered to produce weaker tasting and less harsh and irritating smoke. (tobaccoinaustralia.org.au)
- For tobacco, regular smoking of even a small number of cigarettes is harmful to the health of the smoker and people around them. (nuffieldbioethics.org)
- Cigarettes look deceptively simple, consisting of paper tubes containing chopped up tobacco leaf, usually with a filter at the mouth end. (ciggyfree.com)
- In addition to the leaf blend, cigarettes contain 'fillers' which are made from the stems and other bits of tobacco, which would otherwise be waste products. (ciggyfree.com)
- Vape devices are widely marketed as smoking cessation devices - products designed to help adults quit smoking conventional tobacco cigarettes. (beasleyallen.com)
- By way of background, in July 2013, FDA issued an ANPRM to obtain public input on menthol in cigarettes but the Agency never moved forward with regulatory action on the same, due in large part to a successful industry challenge to the menthol report issued by FDA's Tobacco Products Scientific Advisory Committee (TPSAC). (fdli.org)
- Over 24 million children aged 13-15 smoke cigarettes, WHO said in a report external link released on Thursday to mark World No Tobacco Day external link . (swissinfo.ch)
- The most effective measures to reduce the percentage of smokers such as more expensive cigarettes or tobacco advertising bans are not likely to gain sufficient political support right now," he said. (swissinfo.ch)
- Reconstituted tobacco ("recon") is made from a combination of stripped tobacco leaf stems, tobacco dust swept from the floor of the factory, and expired cigarettes sent back to the processing plant to be reclaimed. (ciggyfree.com)
- Chemicals are added to the tobacco blend to also help with the burning process: without them, cigarettes would probably burn out. (ciggyfree.com)
- This makes a person wonder why many major manufacturers of cigarettes are increasing the amount of tobacco they put in their deadly sticks. (ciggyfree.com)
- 6- 10 During this period, industry opposition to potential restrictions on smoking centred on ideas of unfair or unequal treatment of smokers. (bmj.com)
- The Ministry of Health, Health Promotion Agency, Quitline New Zealand, ASH (Action for Smokefree 2025), and public health leader Hapai Te Hauora all promote vaping as an effective and safe way for smokers to quit tobacco. (scoop.co.nz)
- STRATEGIES used against the tobacco industry to discourage smokers could also be used in the battle with obesity, researchers said today. (manchestereveningnews.co.uk)
- 3 In the United States, passive smoking has been linked to the deaths of at least 53 000 non-smokers each year, about one non-smoker for each eight smokers that tobacco kills. (bmj.com)
- The World Health Organization (WHO) estimates that each year tobacco causes about 6 million deaths (about 10% of all deaths) with 600,000 of these occurring in non smokers due to second hand smoke . (wikipedia.org)
- Tobacco use is a significant factor in miscarriages among pregnant smokers , and it contributes to a number of other health problems of the fetus such as premature birth , low birth weight , and increases by 1.4 to 3 times the chance of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS). (wikipedia.org)
- British American Tobacco, whose brands include Lucky Strike and Rothmans, said in a statement it would work with the government to educate smokers, and distribute pocket ashtrays. (reuters.com)
- One solution to this is to make the excise on tobacco higher so that large tobacco companies do not have the same impact on young Ukrainian smokers who are attracted by advertising and low prices. (forbes.com)
- They need to recruit new, younger smokers to replace the 100,000 people who die every year as a result of using tobacco. (cancerresearchuk.org)
- Advertising bans have been very influential in reducing the number of smokers but the tobacco industry has always looked for loopholes so it's no surprise that they may be using social media. (cancerresearchuk.org)
- The tobacco industry (often referred to as "Big Tobacco") has engaged in a systematic campaign to attract underage smokers for decades and then lied to Congress about it. (aappublications.org)
- 50% of smokers begin by 13 years of age, and 90% of smokers begin by 19 years of age), the industry must recruit young people as smokers. (aappublications.org)
- Reporting on responses to the Responsible Living Program, the Tobacco Institute claimed, "The anti-smokers were speechless. (multinationalmonitor.org)
- BAT considered SLT an opportunity to create a new form of tobacco use among a) smokers who were considering quitting, b) a new generation of 'better educated' consumers no longer interested in taking up smoking, and c) smokers in smokefree places. (bath.ac.uk)
- Seltzer had access to the Museum's legitimate use of Harvard University letterhead, and he built up a side business as a tobacco industry lobbyist, promoting the idea that smokers differed genetically from non-smokers. (sourcewatch.org)
- The FDA found that tobacco use is the Nation's leading cause of premature death, resulting in more than 400,000 deaths annually, and that most adult smokers begin when they are minors. (justia.com)
- Tobacco and smoking were the subject of 413 news stories, compared to 136 stories for obesity/fatty foods, 94 for auto safety, and 58 for alcohol. (mrc.org)
- Tobacco and the tobacco industry received more negative coverage by far than any other risky legal product or its maker, such as dietary fat and the food industry, automobiles and the auto industry, alcohol and the alcohol industry, and pesticides and the chemical industry. (mrc.org)
- This will bring pleasure to the alcohol, tobacco and junk food industries. (ruralhealth.org.au)
- Multinational industries like tobacco and alcohol have responded to increased global public pressure for accountability around corporate operations by creating Voluntary Codes of Conduct to self-regulate their behavior. (corpwatch.org)
- Public Health England (PHE) has been accused of "delusion" in thinking that its partnership with an alcohol education charity funded by the drinks industry will lead to a reduction in alcohol consumption. (medscape.com)
- In The BMJ , Sir Ian, and colleagues John Britton and Linda Bauld, said PHE's management did not appear to have asked themselves why the alcohol industry was happy to fund a campaign that appeared to reduce consumption of the product they produce and sell. (medscape.com)
- Had they done so they would have received the answer that the industry does so because it thinks the campaign will be ineffective or will divert attention from other more effective policies to reduce alcohol consumption that the industry fears more, such as minimum unit pricing," they wrote. (medscape.com)
- It continued: "PHE appear to have fallen victim to the delusion that a new partnership with the alcohol industry will somehow avoid the same fate. (medscape.com)
- JB is director of the UK Centre for Tobacco and Alcohol Studies, a member (and former chair) of the Royal College of Physicians tobacco advisory group, and a member of the board of trustees of Action on Smoking and Health. (medscape.com)
- LB is deputy director of the UK Centre for Tobacco and Alcohol Studies, holds the CRUK/BUPA chair in behavioural research for cancer prevention at Cancer Research UK, is a trustee of the Institute of Alcohol Studies, and a member of the PHE tobacco control implementation board. (medscape.com)
- Tobacco and alcohol represent the 2 most significant drug threats to adolescents. (aappublications.org)
- More than $25 billion per year is spent on advertising for tobacco, alcohol, and prescription drugs, and such advertising has been shown to be effective. (aappublications.org)
- In addition, exposure to PG-13- and R-rated movies at an early age may be a major factor in the onset of adolescent tobacco and alcohol use. (aappublications.org)
- The American Academy of Pediatrics recommends a ban on all tobacco advertising in all media, limitations on alcohol advertising, avoiding exposure of young children to substance-related (tobacco, alcohol, prescription drugs, illegal drugs) content on television and in PG-13- and R-rated movies, incorporating the topic of advertising and media into all substance abuse-prevention programs, and implementing media education programs in the classroom. (aappublications.org)
- Although illegal drugs take their toll on American society, 2 legal drugs-alcohol and tobacco-pose perhaps the greatest danger to children and teenagers. (aappublications.org)
- A preadolescent or adolescent who smokes tobacco or drinks alcohol is 65 times more likely to use marijuana, for example, than someone who abstains. (aappublications.org)
- 12 Research has revealed that advertising may be responsible for up to 30% of adolescent tobacco and alcohol use. (aappublications.org)
- The Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms, and Explosives' (ATF) National Tracing Center Division (NTC) is the only organization authorized to trace U.S. and foreign manufactured firearms for international, Federal, State and local law enforcement agencies. (atf.gov)
- Commenting on the research findings, author Professor Anna Gilmore , of the Tobacco Control Research Group and UK Centre for Tobacco & Alcohol Studies , said: "The tobacco companies have a diverse repertoire of tactics and arguments they repeat time and time again to prevent policies which protect the public from its deadly products. (bath.ac.uk)
- The UK Centre for Tobacco and Alcohol Control Studies (UKCTAS), is a strategic partnership comprising 13 University teams working on tobacco and alcohol research. (bath.ac.uk)
- Sidhu, who through his NGO raised awareness on road safety and alcohol abuse, spoke about the award he was given by a tobacco company in July 2013, which he later returned. (hindustantimes.com)
- Differential associations of health literacy with Austrian adolescents' tobacco and alcohol use. (bioportfolio.com)
- Tobacco use and alcohol use have their origin in adolescence, and risky use of these substances is amongst the leading preventable causes of morbidity and mortality. (bioportfolio.com)
- To examine whether the industry-run television (TV) Parental Guidelines discriminate on violence, sexual behavior, alcohol use, and smoking in TV shows, to assess their usefulness for parents. (aappublications.org)
- Alcohol and tobacco are enjoyed legally by many people in the UK and other countries, despite their serious health risks. (nuffieldbioethics.org)
- Yet the Government's alcohol strategy has focused on public information campaigns and voluntary labelling schemes - measures that have been shown not to be effective. (nuffieldbioethics.org)
- Policies on selling and advertising tobacco and alcohol that provide the greatest protection to consumers should be adopted worldwide. (nuffieldbioethics.org)
- Efforts to reduce alcohol-related harm face strong resistance from the alcohol industry. (frontiersin.org)
- Monitoring can enable public health to identify industry positions on alcohol policy issues, stay abreast of current and emerging marketing tactics, and inform the development of possible counter-actions. (frontiersin.org)
- The aim of this study was to assess industry strategic approaches as communicated in articles published in a leading Australian alcohol trade magazine to provide insights for policy makers and advocacy groups. (frontiersin.org)
- Three primary themes were evident in the articles: (1) the legitimization of alcohol as an important social and economic product, (2) the portrayal of the industry as trustworthy and benign, and (3) the strategic embedding of alcohol in various facets of everyday life. (frontiersin.org)
- In Australia, the context of the present study, burden of disease figures show alcohol to be second only to tobacco in terms of fatal and non-fatal burden as measured by disability-adjusted life years (DALYs) ( 3 ). (frontiersin.org)
- NCDs, namely cardiovascular diseases, cancer, diabetes and chronic respiratory diseases, are largely preventable by addressing the four common modifiable risk factors - tobacco use, harmful use of alcohol, unhealthy diet and physical inactivity. (who.int)
- They are largely preventable by addressing the four common modifiable risk factors: tobacco use, harmful use of alcohol, unhealthy diet and physical inactivity. (who.int)
- Of course, the students and others don't always see these pitches for alcohol, tobacco, and action movies with lots of gunplay. (banbillboardblight.org)
- A 2008 study published in the American Journal of Preventative Medicine found that 37 per cent of outdoor ads for alcohol and 25 per cent for tobacco were located within 500 ft. of a school, playground, or church in Los Angeles. (banbillboardblight.org)
- New labelling guidance could be derived from existing guidance on medicines, tobacco packaging and other products which, like alcohol, carry known health risks. (eurekalert.org)
- Industry lawyers and scientists deleted results unfavourable to the industry's position from the study before delivering it to the airline. (bmj.com)
- Instead, some would argue that it was regulation that defined the industry's trade practices and, by doing so, maintained the industry's high profits and expanded the sale of products in just those markets Tobacco-Free Kids and others worry about. (fee.org)
- The program's goal was "to influence policy makers, media and the public" by having industry consultants attend conferences, present papers and lobby, all while hiding or obscuring the tobacco industry's role. (sourcewatch.org)
- We know that tobacco advertising, promotion and sponsorship are critical to the industry's continued physical and political expansion", says Dr Ala Alwan, WHO Regional Director for the Eastern Mediterranean. (who.int)
- Systematic search of internal tobacco industry documents available on the internet and at the British American Tobacco Guildford Depository. (bmj.com)
- Transnational tobacco companies (Philip Morris International, British American Tobacco, Lorillard, and RJ Reynolds International) have been actively influencing public health policymaking in Argentina since the early 1970s. (bmj.com)
- For example, an internal document from British American Tobacco said, "The ILO has a unique role as a UN organisation in bringing together representatives of governments, workers and employers. (fctc.org)
- Our research centred on TTCs' smokeless tobacco interest and investment in Europe, with a focus on British American Tobacco, and to a lesser degree Philip Morris. (bath.ac.uk)
- He felt the tobacco industry - Philip Morris, British American Tobacco and Japan Tobacco International all have headquarters in Switzerland - had a "very strong" impact on Swiss policy. (swissinfo.ch)
- 1.Tobacco industry - legislation. (who.int)
- During the 1980s and 1990s efforts to pass comprehensive tobacco control legislation intensified, but the organised tobacco industry prevented its enactment. (bmj.com)
- The tobacco industry, working through its local subsidiaries, has subverted meaningful tobacco control legislation in Argentina using the same strategies as in the USA and other countries. (bmj.com)
- Accepts, supports or endorses policies or legislation or voluntary codes drafted by or in collaboration with the tobacco industry. (who.int)
- The tactics used by the tobacco industry to resist government regulation of its products include conducting public relations campaigns, buying scientific and other expertise to create controversy about established facts, funding political parties, hiring lobbyists to influence policy, using front groups and allied industries to oppose tobacco control measures, pre-empting strong legislation by pressing for the adoption of voluntary codes or weaker laws, and corrupting public officials. (nih.gov)
- Antismoking forces will try to reduce through legislation the use of tobacco products by minors, the effectiveness of direct and indirect advertisements on youth, and the promotion of tobacco products through sponsorship of sporting events. (csmonitor.com)
- In May 1985, Australian state health ministers agreed that all jurisdictions would introduce legislation or amend regulations to simultaneously introduce four different warnings to appear with equal frequency on all tobacco packages. (tobaccoinaustralia.org.au)
- Although this did not occur systematically across jurisdictions, the warnings also appeared on print advertisements and billboards, by virtue of a mixture of voluntary agreements and legislation. (tobaccoinaustralia.org.au)
- When TTCs actually entered the Scandinavian snus market in 2002 (the only snus market in Europe), three issues converged: cigarette volumes started declining in Western Europe, discussions started at EU level about smokefree legislation, and crucially, unlike the 1970s, the public health community showed significant support for tobacco harm reduction. (bath.ac.uk)
- Currently snus sales are prohibited in all EU countries (except in Sweden) under legislation that regulates all tobacco products in Europe (Tobacco Products Directive 2001/37/EC). (bath.ac.uk)
- In July, Rep. David Cicilline (D-RI) introduced legislation that would amend the Fair Labor Standards Act to eliminate child labor on tobacco farms. (nclnet.org)
- Under this legislation all tobacco products sold in Australia since the 1st of December 2012 must be in plain packaging and also labelled with expanded health warnings. (tobaccoinaustralia.org.au)
- After cigarette companies entered the e-cigarette market, e-cigarette policy debates increasingly resembled comparable tobacco control debates from the 1970s through the 1990s, including pushing pro-industry legislation, working through third parties and front groups, mobilizing "grassroots" networks, lobbying and using campaign contributions, and claiming that policy was unnecessary due to "imminent" federal regulation. (milbank.org)
- Strong legislation passed at the local level because of the committed efforts of local health departments and leadership from experienced politicians but failed at the state level due to intense cigarette company lobbying without countervailing pressure from the voluntary health organizations. (milbank.org)
- While state legislation is possible, as with earlier tobacco control policymaking, local governments remain a viable option for overcoming cigarette company interference in the policymaking process. (milbank.org)
- Reading the FDCA as a whole, as well as in conjunction with Congress' subsequent tobacco-specific legislation, it is plain that Congress has not given the FDA the authority to regulate tobacco products as customarily marketed. (justia.com)
- Additional legislation to ban tobacco advertising is pending in Costa Rica, but we believe this too will be defeated. (easyquitsystem.com)
- by opening a dialogue followed by a few minor concessions, the industry can be saved from heavy legislation for at least two to three more years. (easyquitsystem.com)
- An industry code will be written [for Pakistan]…so that it can be used as both a lobbying lever and an argument against not introducing formal legislation. (easyquitsystem.com)
- A Nexis search of headlines in American newspapers found that the terms "tobacco or smoking or cigarette" were employed 9,067 times between during the study period. (mrc.org)
- It is likely that only with the cooperation of the entire supply chain (including the major cigarette companies) will illicit tobacco be limited. (forbes.com)
- Estimating the effect of creating smoke-free workplaces on total cigarette consumption is important because many places are implementing tobacco control programmes with money from dedicated taxes 9 - 18 or with funds from the settlement of lawsuits against the tobacco industry. (bmj.com)
- Research has focused primarily on cigarette tobacco smoking . (wikipedia.org)
- PARIS (Reuters) - France will force tobacco companies to help end the scourge of cigarette butts that litter streets and contaminate water, unless they take voluntary action in the next three months, a government minister said on Thursday. (reuters.com)
- 2018. The French government wants to end the bane of discarded cigarette butts and will impose new regulations unless tobacco companies come up with proposals to reduce their number. (reuters.com)
- Cigarette butts are the world's most common form of litter, with an estimated 4.5 trillion thrown away every year, according to medical journal Tobacco Control. (reuters.com)
- The global e-cigarette industry is expected to reach $53.4 billion by 2024, making it clear that it is here to stay despite early issues. (forbes.com)
- One could argue that even corruption has allowed the world's biggest corporations to use Ukraine's lawmakers to lobby for pro-tobacco and e-cigarette policies. (forbes.com)
- The youth e-cigarette epidemic is in large part due to FDA's failure in July 2017 to enforce the Tobacco Control Act. (lung.org)
- Empowered to regulate industry marketing practices, the FDA must develop warning labels that must cover 50 percent of the side space on cigarette packages. (fee.org)
- A senior oncologist in Delhi has independently issued a call to the government to get cigarette manufacturers to mandatorily colour cigarette butts red, saying this should be part of a series of measures to deter people from consuming tobacco. (telegraphindia.com)
- In 2015, the six largest cigarette companies made a profit of $9730 per each death from tobacco smoking. (tobaccoatlas.org)
- In the early 1980s, the World Health Organization introduced a new standard, and tobacco producers in the USSR were obliged to put a text message warning of the dangers of smoking on each cigarette pack. (artlebedev.com)
- We used a comparative technique whereby we ation areas reduces tobacco litter (ie, cigarette butts) coded passages and compared them by locale and case, and its resulting toxins, which can be harmful (4), and focusing on strategies that led to the enactment of smoke- discourages adults from modeling smoking, which may free policies. (cdc.gov)
- Last September the House subcommittee on Health and Environment approved a watered-down proposal that among other provisions would have forbidden most cigarette sales in vending machines, where youth often purchase tobacco products, and ended public giveaways of tobacco products. (csmonitor.com)
- The warnings appeared on cigarette and loose tobacco packages, but not on cigar packages. (tobaccoinaustralia.org.au)
- There has been a long, polarising debate among public health experts in Europe about the potential benefits of tobacco harm reduction, and whether the wider availability of smokeless tobacco (particularly snus, a Swedish smokeless tobacco) and e-cigarette will lead to population level benefits or harms. (bath.ac.uk)
- By the end of that century, cigarette smoking had been recognized as a major cause of premature death and disability, [ 3 ] and health authorities from around the world had mobilized to stop the public health tragedy of tobacco use [ 4 ]. (biomedcentral.com)
- After the cigarette companies entered the e-cigarette market, the opposition changed to resemble long-standing industry resistance to tobacco control policies, including campaign contributions, lobbying, and working through third parties and front groups. (milbank.org)
- Similar to the 1980s, when the voluntary health organizations were slow to enter tobacco control debates, because they saw smoking restrictions as controversial, these organizations were reluctant to enter e-cigarette debates. (milbank.org)
- Warning labels are not required for cigars, pipe tobacco, and roll-your-own cigarette tobacco. (sourcewatch.org)
- The Cigarette Act and the Smokeless Tobacco Act require manufacturers and importers to submit a packaging and advertising plan for FTC approval. (sourcewatch.org)
- Coincident with the tobacco companies' acknowledgment of the health hazards of cigarette smoking, it appears to me that they also changed their strategy with regards to challenging the scientific pronouncements of anti-smoking groups. (blogspot.com)
- Furthermore, prohibiting smoking in parks, on beaches, and in other outdoor recreation areas reduces tobacco litter (ie, cigarette butts) and its resulting toxins, which can be harmful (4), and discourages adults from modeling smoking, which may influence youth (5). (cdc.gov)
- It matters if the … makers can't honor even modest, voluntary commitments that they made to the FDA," he said, suggesting his agency is poised to take harsh measures that could destroy the e-cigarette industry. (beasleyallen.com)
- With regard to the Flavor ANPRM, as some may know, there is already a flavored combusted cigarette ban in place, as established by in the Family Smoking Prevention and Tobacco Control Act (Tobacco Control Act). (fdli.org)
- After manufacturing, a cigarette contains 20% expanded tobacco (tobacco puffed with carbon dioxide to be used as a filler), tobacco leaf stems, and reclaimed tobacco. (ciggyfree.com)
- Cigarette manufacturers use other additives in the tobacco blend to smooth the taste or experience of smoking. (ciggyfree.com)
- C]omplete the removal of roadside cigarette hoardings [billboards] on the Dubai-Abu Dhabi road and capitalise on this minimum concession as an example of voluntary self-regulation by the Industry. (easyquitsystem.com)
- A large body of evidence demonstrates that tobacco companies use a wide range of tactics to interfere with tobacco control. (who.int)
- Although more and more is known about tobacco industry tactics, a systematic, comprehensive guide is needed to assist regulators and policy-makers in combating those practices. (who.int)
- Sponsoring IFAQ studies was one of several tactics the tobacco industry employed in attempts to reverse or delay implementation of in-flight smoking restrictions. (bmj.com)
- The food industry tactics are similar to those used by the tobacco industry - supplying misinformation, using supposedly conflicting evidence and hiding negative data. (manchestereveningnews.co.uk)
- As the advertising tactics of the tobacco industry were exposed, so too could the marketing strategies which target young children. (manchestereveningnews.co.uk)
- The tobacco industry repeats the same tactics in multiple jurisdictions to interfere with tobacco control. (who.int)
- The Guidelines for Implementation of WHO FCTC Article 5.3 provide clear recommendations designed to address the most common tactics used by the tobacco industry. (who.int)
- Tobacco industry tactics for resisting public policy on health. (nih.gov)
- The tobacco industry uses a variety of unethical, often unlawful tactics to undermine implementation of life-saving policies. (tobaccoatlas.org)
- Consequently, tobacco companies act in their own interest, for example, by aggressively lobbying and litigating against government tobacco control policies, among other tactics. (tobaccoatlas.org)
- In the Eastern Mediterranean Region, only 6 out of 23 countries are fully protected from exposure to the tobacco industry advertising, promotion and sponsorship tactics. (who.int)
- The systematic review, published in PLOS ONE, from researchers in our Tobacco Control Research Group , looked at evidence from around the world to identify the tactics and arguments tobacco companies use to influence and prevent policy aimed at regulating the marketing of tobacco. (bath.ac.uk)
- Significantly the paper found that the same tactics and arguments are being used across multiple jurisdictions, showing that the tobacco industry is repeating its activities in high, middle, and low income countries around the world. (bath.ac.uk)
- The level of denial exhibited shows that additional regulation of the industry and its tactics will need to proceed without industry acceptance. (frontiersin.org)
- The increasingly restrictive retail environment for tobacco products, especially the ban on advertising, has seen leading international brands Marlboro, Camel, L&M, Pall Mall and Lucky Strike claim a growing share of retail volume sales during the review period. (euromonitor.com)
- ECLT's stated intention may be to ensure tobacco-growing communities can ensure that their children are healthy, educated and safe, but the reality is that it is an industry that profits from people who overwhelmingly become addicted to its products as children, and which inflicts enormous hardship and poverty. (fctc.org)
- Reporters consider most risky products newsworthy, but tobacco gets far more coverage than any other risky product, including such illegal drugs as cocaine and marijuana. (mrc.org)
- This is the finding of a special year-long Media Research Center study of news coverage of risky products and the industries which make and sell them. (mrc.org)
- The FCTC encourages developing nations to copy mature market policies of raising taxes and introducing and then expanding regulation on tobacco products. (forbes.com)
- It has established the Protocol to Eliminate Illicit Trade in Tobacco Products (ITP) under the FCTC in 2012. (forbes.com)
- The primary objective of the ITP is to control the supply chain of tobacco products. (forbes.com)
- A report released on Wednesday finds that tobacco companies in India are systematically targeting children as young as eight by selling tobacco products and placing tobacco advertisements near schools. (thehindu.com)
- To gather evidence regarding tobacco products being sold around educational institutions in violation of the law, two groups working in the area of tobacco control -- Consumer Voice and Voluntary Health Association of India -- undertook a study in 20 cities across six states in India. (thehindu.com)
- Titled Tiny Targets, the study was conducted to determine the extent of tobacco products being marketed and sold around schools in India. (thehindu.com)
- Despite the prohibition on sales of tobacco products near educational institutions, numerous shops/vendors/points of sale sell and advertise tobacco products around schools," found the study. (thehindu.com)
- Vendors display tobacco products in ways that are appealing to children and youth. (thehindu.com)
- Our schools are not safe so long as the tobacco industry continues to try and lure our children into buying their deadly products. (thehindu.com)
- Conventional tobacco products are under severe regulation as they can't be advertised in the media, sold to minors, smoked in public places. (forbes.com)
- A new study suggests that tobacco companies may be using online video portals, such as YouTube, to get around advertising restrictions and market their products to young people. (cancerresearchuk.org)
- Robin Hewings, Cancer Research UK's tobacco policy manager, said: "Tobacco companies will use every means at their disposal to advertise their deadly products. (cancerresearchuk.org)
- Voluntary industry reductions in salt content and taxation on products. (bio-medicine.org)
- Voluntary industry reductions in salt content and taxation on products containing salt in 19 developing countries could reduce the number of deaths each year from cardiovascular disease (CVD) by 2-3 per cent in these countries. (bio-medicine.org)
- Until FDA is willing to take meaningful action by removing all flavored tobacco products, including mint and menthol, from the marketplace, America's youth remain at high risk for a lifetime of addiction to tobacco products. (lung.org)
- We noted that 'of particular concern is the long and unreasonable delay for newly-regulated tobacco products to submit tobacco product applications for FDA review as required under the final deeming rule. (lung.org)
- On June 22, President Obama signed the Family Smoking Prevention and Tobacco Control Act (FSPTCA), a law that gives the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) regulatory authority over tobacco products. (fee.org)
- It is true that tobacco products have not been regulated by the FDA, though the agency has attempted to do so almost since its 1906 founding. (fee.org)
- The tobacco industry pioneered strategies to take the focus off of the health, safety and environmental hazards posed by detrimental products, and shift attention onto topics considered more favorable to the industry. (sourcewatch.org)
- Public health experts and health officials have earlier said the phase-out of tobacco will need to be a gradual process that would need to be driven by falling public demand for tobacco products and preceded by tobacco cultivators shifting to alternative crops. (telegraphindia.com)
- The industry also demands a voice in harm-reduction policy-making by claiming a commitment to producing less-harmful products. (tobaccoatlas.org)
- As time went on, the tobacco industry began to realize that its image as a peddler of tobacco products to children was beginning to hurt the bottom line. (multinationalmonitor.org)
- The gene screening plan was originally developed to avoid controls on pollution and on unhealthy products such as fast food and tobacco. (councilforresponsiblegenetics.org)
- The congressional stirrings follow efforts of antitobacco activists in several states and municipalities to prevent underage youth from having access to tobacco products. (csmonitor.com)
- Many youths report little difficulty purchasing tobacco products in violation of state laws. (csmonitor.com)
- 2) Tobacco products manufactured from tobacco grown in the these States are transported in interstate commerce. (govtrack.us)
- 3) While manufacturers of tobacco products enjoy profitable circumstances, many tobacco growers and their communities are in dire economic situations. (govtrack.us)
- Regulations for improved health warnings were gazetted in March 1994 and (apart from an extension for imported products under transitional provisions in Part 2) took effect for all tobacco products imported or manufactured in Australia after 1 January 1995 (Part 3, Regulation 7). (tobaccoinaustralia.org.au)
- The aggregate business enterprise of agriculture, manufacture, and distribution related to tobacco and tobacco-derived products. (bioportfolio.com)
- A new reframing can align action plans to more powerfully and rapidly achieve population-level benefit and minimize harm to eliminate in our lifetime the use of the most deadly combustible tobacco products and thus prevent the premature deaths of 1 billion people projected to occur worldwide by 2100. (biomedcentral.com)
- As with earlier efforts to restrict tobacco products, health advocates have had the most success at the local rather than the state level. (milbank.org)
- The members of the UK Tobacco Manufacturers' Association and other companies involved with tobacco products should implement a voluntary code of practice to achieve this. (nuffieldbioethics.org)
- The FTC is charged with enforcing laws against false and deceptive advertising, including ads for tobacco products. (sourcewatch.org)
- These items must bear warning labels, however, if they promote smokeless tobacco products. (sourcewatch.org)
- The FTC also enforces regulations that require health warnings to appear on all packaging and in advertising for smokeless tobacco products. (sourcewatch.org)
- Smokeless tobacco products such as chewing tobacco, moist snuff, and plug tobacco are used orally. (sourcewatch.org)
- This Act also requires the FTC to compile for Congress current sales figures for smokeless tobacco products. (sourcewatch.org)
- In May 2016, the U.S. food and drug administration (FDA) issued the final deeming rules that extend its regulatory authority over tobacco products including ENDS [ 12 ]. (mdpi.com)
- Additives are used to make tobacco products more acceptable to the consumer. (ciggyfree.com)
- Pursuant to this authority, the FDA promulgated regulations governing tobacco products' promotion, labeling, and accessibility to children and adolescents. (justia.com)
- They moved for summary judgment on the ground, inter alia, that the FDA lacked jurisdiction to regulate tobacco products as customarily marketed, that is, without manufacturer claims of therapeutic benefit. (justia.com)
- The District Court upheld the FDA's authority, but the Fourth Circuit reversed, holding that Congress has not granted the FDA jurisdiction to regulate tobacco products. (justia.com)
- The court concluded that construing the FDCA to include tobacco products would lead to several internal inconsistencies in the Act. (justia.com)
- b) Considering the FDCA as a whole, it is clear that Congress intended to exclude tobacco products from the FDA's jurisdiction. (justia.com)
- In its rulemaking proceeding, the FDA quite exhaustively documented that tobacco products are unsafe, dangerous, and cause great pain and suffering from illness. (justia.com)
- This aims to ensure sufficient loopholes to allow continued marketing of tobacco products through points of sale, targeted promotions and sponsorship. (who.int)
- The industry has been particularly aggressive in its attempts to interfere with or to circumvent comprehensive bans (4) , including through introducing novel tobacco products or by using new media and communications technologies. (who.int)
- However, in low- and middle-income countries where regulation is weak, tobacco companies continue to promote their products, creating an illusion that they are like any other products, and marketing them in a way that normalizes smoking and attracts children (7) . (who.int)
- In the WHO Eastern Mediterranean Region, a rise in the use and placement of tobacco products on-screen in TV and movie scenes has been noted (8) , prompting a call for stronger monitoring of depiction of tobacco in entertainment media and cross- border advertising (9) . (who.int)
- It says one of the major factors impeding low- and middle-countries is the tobacco industry with its aggressive promotion of tobacco products, especially to young people, and its ongoing efforts to conceal the dangers of smoking. (swissinfo.ch)
- Switzerland signed the treaty in 2004 but has not ratified it, partly due to recent changes to a draft law on tobacco products external link and specific issues related to advertising and sponsorship. (swissinfo.ch)
- Creating a tobacco blend of flue-cured brightleaf, burley tobacco, and oriental tobacco produces a lot of tobacco by-products. (ciggyfree.com)
- Opportunities should be explored by all companies so as to find non-tobacco products and other services which can be used to communicate the brand or house name, together with their essential visual identities. (easyquitsystem.com)
- Individuals from several tobacco industry companies, led by Philip Morris, designed, funded, conducted, and controlled the presentation of results of a study of IFAQ for the Scandinavian airline SAS in 1988 while attempting to minimise the appearance of industry control. (bmj.com)
- In addition to direct lobbying by the tobacco companies, these efforts involved use of third party allies, public relations campaigns, and scientific and medical consultants. (bmj.com)
- 2) Tobacco companies were the only industry deemed to be beyond the pale. (babymilkaction.org)
- ECLT is an alliance of tobacco companies and growers and according to their most recent annual report, led exclusively by tobacco companies and members of the tobacco industry. (fctc.org)
- Measures are needed to ensure transparency of interactions between all parts of government and the tobacco industry and for policy makers to be made more aware of what companies hope to achieve through CSR. (babymilkaction.org)
- However, the data is alarming because it documents a very systematic and widespread pattern of activity by tobacco companies to get young people addicted to tobacco. (thehindu.com)
- Top-level government officials (such as president/prime minister or ministers) meet with/foster relations with tobacco companies and officials even when not strictly necessary for regulation, such as attending social functions and other events sponsored or organized by tobacco companies or those furthering their interests. (who.int)
- Historically, these lower prices have sparked a high consumption of tobacco that has been supported by transnational tobacco companies given the scale. (forbes.com)
- Many tobacco companies signed up to a voluntary agreement to restrict direct advertising on websites by the end of 2002, although there is little actual regulation in place. (cancerresearchuk.org)
- Tobacco companies would no longer have the same kind of brand images to promote on the internet or elsewhere. (cancerresearchuk.org)
- For tobacco companies like Altria, donations are a part of marketing. (ash.org)
- The only time that money acquired through selling tobacco can be used for good is when that money has been taken from tobacco companies against their will , whether through taxes, fines, or legal settlements. (ash.org)
- With the largest companies consuming as much water per year as small countries, the global industry uses around 62 km3 per year. (prnewswire.com)
- Food and beverage companies are more sensitive to consumer concerns about the sustainable use of water and energy than most industries. (prnewswire.com)
- The tobacco industry is particularly significant for those seeking to understand modern public relations techniques and the operations of specific companies for two reasons. (sourcewatch.org)
- Secondly, as a result of legal actions against the major tobacco companies, there are now over 40 million pages of internal company documents publicly available on searchable websites that provide a fascinating insight into the inner workings of past and still running campaigns. (sourcewatch.org)
- Successful tobacco control also hurts the financial health of tobacco companies. (tobaccoatlas.org)
- Although tobacco companies compete for market share, they often collude to counter government tobacco control efforts, or support front groups to do the job for them. (tobaccoatlas.org)
- Tobacco companies use philanthropy to link their public image with positive causes and build support among more credible groups, including local communities, NGOs, artistic/athletic organizations, academic institutions, or even governments and development agencies. (tobaccoatlas.org)
- A significant share of Mr. Clinton's initiatives would be financed with tobacco funds -- $65.5 billion over five years -- even though Congress, with its Republican majority, has yet to enact the landmark $368.5 billion settlement of lawsuits against tobacco companies. (nytimes.com)
- For years, tobacco companies have claimed that they neither market to teenagers nor depend on them for decades of future profits. (multinationalmonitor.org)
- The tobacco documents used in the Minnesota State Attorney General's lawsuit against the companies and other documents that were released as a result of that suit disprove both of those claims. (multinationalmonitor.org)
- Through the Tobacco Institute, the companies published a booklet for parents and their teenagers entitled "Helping Youth Decide. (multinationalmonitor.org)
- The avaricious American tobacco companies have noticed the trend and have begun trying to claim a large slice of the market. (economywatch.com)
- Gene testing companies and commercial partners, including the food, pharmaceutical and private healthcare industries, are attempting to cash in on the science behind the Human Genome Project (HGP). (councilforresponsiblegenetics.org)
- Tobacco companies are spending tens of billions of dollars each year on advertising, promotion and sponsorship. (who.int)
- Governments around the world need to wise up to when the industry is lying and protect policy development from the vested interests of the tobacco companies. (bath.ac.uk)
- The expenditure on advertising by the food industry dwarfs even that by the tobacco companies. (bmj.com)
- However, just as for tobacco companies, these investments in global brands are being re-enforced by active promotion and use of the opportunities arising from the increasing liberalisation of trade to develop new markets. (bmj.com)
- HRW has created an online petition calling on companies, urging them to require that growers in their supply chain hire only workers who are 18 years or older to work in hazardous jobs on tobacco farms, including any tasks where they have direct contact with tobacco plants or cured tobacco, and to develop an effective monitoring mechanism that ensures these rules are understood and respected. (nclnet.org)
- Corporate training as an established industry has reached the next level owing to relentless and smart efforts of companies. (siliconindia.com)
- And I think I've uncovered the primary reason for this deterioration: the tobacco companies have relinquished their role as watchdogs over the anti-smoking movement and its scientific claims. (blogspot.com)
- Prior to that time, the tobacco companies would vigorously challenge the results of anti-smoking advocates' published studies. (blogspot.com)
- Back in the 1990's, any time anti-smoking researchers or groups would publish scientific papers, they would be very worried about the potential reaction of the tobacco companies. (blogspot.com)
- Prior to submitting any paper, researchers would consider the questions "What will the tobacco companies say? (blogspot.com)
- There was a pervasive sense of fear among all of us in tobacco control that if we slipped in the slightest, the tobacco companies would be there to attack us and publicly shoot down our statements. (blogspot.com)
- Without the tobacco companies playing their watchdog role, however, there is no longer this sense of fear. (blogspot.com)
- Tobacco advertising, promotion and sponsorship (TAPS) are the primary marketing activities used by tobacco companies to boost sales and expand their market. (who.int)
- Comprehensive TAPS bans, based on Article 13 and the guidelines for its implementation, are strongly resisted by tobacco companies. (who.int)
- The tobacco companies' ability to advertise has been restricted due to progressively stricter regulations around the world (6) , including those resulting from court orders, and the adoption of the WHO FCTC. (who.int)
- But the OAAA does say that its "Code of Industry Principles" are voluntary, and there's plenty of evidence that L.A.'s big three billboard companies-Clear Channel, Outfront Media, and Lamar Advertising-have chosen to ignore them. (banbillboardblight.org)
Undermine tobacco control2
University of Califo1
Internal tobacco industry documents2
- Analysis of internal tobacco industry documents, local newspapers and magazines, internet resources, bills from the Argentinean National Congress Library, and interviews with key individuals in Argentina. (bmj.com)
- We qualitatively analysed a combination of historic internal tobacco industry documents dating from 1971 to 2009, available through the Legacy Tobacco Documents Library (http://legacy.library.ucsf.edu/), and more contemporary materials including tobacco company investor presentations dating from 2008 to 2012. (bath.ac.uk)
- For several years New Zealand's vape industry has been calling for regulation. (scoop.co.nz)
- The government does not publicly disclose meetings/interactions with the tobacco industry in cases where such interactions are strictly necessary for regulation. (who.int)
- and with little regulation, allegations of onboard crime, and increasing militarization as regards security while ships are in port, the rapidly expanding industry is facing new challenges. (corpwatch.org)
- The law requires the FDA to develop a new tobacco- regulation center with all related costs to be covered by fees paid by the industry. (fee.org)
- But after decades of regulation by the Federal Trade Commission (FTC), the Federal Communication Commission (FCC), and Congress itself, hardly anyone who has followed the industry would say it has gone "basically unregulated. (fee.org)
- That a proposed regulation is unnecessary because the industry does not market to young people and / or adheres to a voluntary code. (bath.ac.uk)
- Implications of updating the leading themes for regulation, policymaking and advocacy in tobacco control are proposed as an important next step. (biomedcentral.com)
- The tobacco industry uses corporate social responsibility (CSR) activities to access policy-makers, and utilizes its advertising budget to entice the entertainment and media sector to support voluntary codes or self-regulation. (who.int)
- Retail current value sales of cigars, cigarillos and smoking tobacco saw a decline in 2017, after a slight rebound in 2016. (euromonitor.com)
- On 16 October 2017, 154 organizations called on the ILO to end its PPP with the tobacco industry and its collaborators. (fctc.org)
- In 2017, the American Lung Association and partners filed a lawsuit against the FDA for its failure to enforce the Tobacco Control Act and the 'deeming' rule. (lung.org)
- In its zeal to promote tobacco use, the tobacco industry regularly perpetrates unethical, and often unlawful, interference with life-saving tobacco control policies. (tobaccoatlas.org)
- Limiting this tobacco industry interference is possible. (tobaccoatlas.org)
- Resources to address industry interference are also frequently lacking. (tobaccoatlas.org)
- What can we learn from industry interference around the global tobacco treaty? (business-humanrights.org)
- One classic example is nearly one and a half decade long process of the global tobacco treaty negotiations, and how tobacco industry used myriad ways to thwart progress, interfere with public health policy making and despite which governments were able to make landmark progress on adapting guidelines to check industry interference. (business-humanrights.org)
- The WHO and other key agencies have recognized that tobacco industry interference is one of the biggest obstacles in turning the tide of the tobacco pandemic. (business-humanrights.org)
- Uruguay has presented a 500 page document to defend itself against an international lawsuit challenging the country's tough tobacco packaging regulations. (corpwatch.org)
- Five widows of former tobacco users have written a joint letter to Prime Minister Narendra Modi, seeking tougher regulations to curb tobacco consumption and pointing out that Gujarat is the only state which continues to manufacture gutkha, or chewable tobacco. (telegraphindia.com)
- said the letter, signed by Anup Shakti Nigam, Alka Pandey, Kaumudi Chaturvedi, Niku Sidhu and Sumitra Pednekar, and released to the media yesterday by the Delhi-based Voluntary Health Association of India, a non-government organisation campaigning for tougher tobacco control regulations. (telegraphindia.com)
- The tobacco industry has long denied established scientific knowledge and popularized falsehoods, from deliberately clouding the links between smoking and lung cancer decades ago to misrepresenting the effects of plain packaging regulations now. (tobaccoatlas.org)
- h This issue was a significant driver for the Australian Government to introduce the Tobacco Plain Packaging Act 2011 and Regulations. (tobaccoinaustralia.org.au)
- The regulations therefore aim to reduce tobacco use by minors so as to substantially reduce the prevalence of addiction in future generations, and thus the incidence of tobacco-related death and disease. (justia.com)
- They also met with worker advocates and representatives to discuss recommendations for improving working conditions in the industry. (osha.gov)
- The researchers said strategies used by tobacco control advocates could have relevance to the fight against unhealthy diets. (manchestereveningnews.co.uk)
- For tobacco control advocates, Proposition 99 was to be their opportunity to put in place a model program, with its own funding source, that assured tobacco control advocates would be in the field as continuously as the tobacco industry. (cdlib.org)
- [ 105 ] The successes in California were instead achieved only in the face of a hostile tobacco industry, an equally hostile political system, and a body of advocates at the state level who were often slow to act. (cdlib.org)
- Antismoking advocates charge that the voluntary Tobacco Institute program intentionally would be ineffective in reducing smoking among youth. (csmonitor.com)
- The tobacco control advocates from 12 states of India gathered in the city to discuss the smoke-free status of Chandigarh. (hindustantimes.com)
- But for about the last nine years, the tobacco industry has -- presumably as part of a concerted, strategic decision -- laid low and allowed the anti-smoking advocates' and groups' scientific claims to remain unchallenged. (blogspot.com)
- These requirements are authorized under the Comprehensive Smokeless Tobacco Health Education Act of 1986, enforced jointly by the FTC and the Department of Justice. (sourcewatch.org)
- The Act requires manufacturers, packagers, and importers to place one of the following warning labels on smokeless tobacco packages. (sourcewatch.org)
- The Comprehensive Smokeless Tobacco Health Education Act of 1986 contains the same reporting requirements -- but on a two-year basis. (sourcewatch.org)
- 1 Tobacco industry response to CAB actions took many forms, including letter writing campaigns, petition drives, and surveys aimed at persuading the CAB that the flying public did not support attempts to regulate smoking or that existing restrictions were adequate. (bmj.com)
- The World Health Organization's global forum in Moscow on 27th April , Addressing the challenge of noncommunicable diseases, sparked concern from public health campaigners and Member States about the potential for food industry influence on WHO and governments' strategies to curb food-related diseases. (babymilkaction.org)
- in the working group on food and drink, chaired by Jorge Casimiro of Coca Cola, Janet Voute of Nestlé presented IFBA's voluntary, self-regulated proposals to reformulate foods, extend 'responsible advertising' and support public private partnerships. (babymilkaction.org)
- Such relationships contravene the WHO FCTC and enable the tobacco industry to tout its relationship with a reputable institution while continuing to undermine public health policymaking, exploit farmers, and obstruct farm workers' right to collective bargaining. (fctc.org)
- Although scientific knowledge is still incomplete, it is less divided than the industry would have the public believe. (manchestereveningnews.co.uk)
- A quantitative comparison of the effects of these interventions would enable public health policy makers to make maximum use of the (usually limited) funds available for tobacco control. (bmj.com)
- Imagery emanating from motion pictures con- work because the fiduciary interests of the tinues to provide misleadingly positive impres- tobacco industry are opposite those of the public sions of tobacco use. (who.int)
- Numerous studies have backed industry claims that GMO foods appear to be safe for human consumption, including an examination of more than 130 research projects conducted in the European Union prior to 2010 and work published by the American Medical Association's Council on Science and Public Health. (wikipedia.org)
- The government agencies or their officials endorse, support, form partnerships with or participate in so-called CSR activities or initiatives organized by the tobacco industry including allowing public disclosure of the same). (who.int)
- Current government officials or relatives hold positions in the tobacco business, including consultancy positions, or those with previous links to the tobacco industry are given a role in setting or implementing public health policies concerning tobacco control. (who.int)
- The government has no code of conduct for public officials, prescribing the standards with which they should comply in their dealings with the tobacco industry. (who.int)
- Across Europe, governments are bringing in laws to banish tobacco smoke from public places. (walesonline.co.uk)
- In an accompanying opinion piece , Tony Rao, visiting researcher at the Institute of Psychiatry, Psychology and Neuroscience, King's College London, wrote: "If we cannot rely on our government to observe the principle of being at arm's length from the drinks industry, we wander into a storm that has the potential to capsize public health and all that it represents. (medscape.com)
- Trade associations and other industry groupings established to deceive the public should be disbanded. (nih.gov)
- The incompatibility of tobacco money and the public interest has been widely recognized. (ash.org)
- Firstly, as a global industry that came under sustained criticism from the mid-twentieth century onwards, it pioneered many big-budget campaigns that fueled the growth and evolution of the public relations industry. (sourcewatch.org)
- Their letter has asked for a 'complete ban' on tobacco, but public health experts caution that although there is no debate on the health hazards of tobacco, seeking a ban at this point is impractical. (telegraphindia.com)
- Front groups appear to serve a public cause but actually serve as the voice of the tobacco industry. (tobaccoatlas.org)
- As calls for restrictions on print advertisements, sampling and sports sponsorship became more frequent, the industry cooked up various public relations schemes to rebut compelling charges that it was marketing to kids. (multinationalmonitor.org)
- To the public, the industry tried to portray its efforts as purely altruistic, with concern for children and parents at the fore. (multinationalmonitor.org)
- Since 2008, there has been growing recognition of the fundamental and irreconcilable conflict of interest between tobacco industry and public health policy, and countries are at different levels in implementing it domestically. (business-humanrights.org)
- Although the fundamental conflict of interest between the tobacco industry and public health is fully recognised in the declaration, other groups from the food and drink industry - which the UN euphemistically refers to as "civil society" alongside organisations such as academia - were invited to participate in the meeting, although they were excluded from any decision-making. (cancerresearchuk.org)
- It has become a voice for industry instead of a voice for members of the public. (councilforresponsiblegenetics.org)
- European Union directives on tobacco have been drafted and annulled, and we have seen the EU attempt to extend its remit to public health via a circuitous route on the ground of regulating commerce. (parliament.uk)
- As part of this evidence review, Sir Cyril Chantler is currently looking at the likely effect on public health, particularly for children, if standardised tobacco packaging is introduced, with findings expected in mid-March. (bath.ac.uk)
- The paper also highlights tobacco industry reliance on third parties, making it difficult for the public and policy-makers to assess the credibility and motivation behind efforts to shape the political agenda. (bath.ac.uk)
- Tobacco control continues to face challenges from the tobacco industry as it threatens to use its massive public relations and communications budget to derail any efforts made to reduce tobacco use. (hindustantimes.com)
- The proposals for strengthened health warnings outlined in the CBRC report to the Ministerial Council on Drug Strategy (MCDS) were strongly supported by the public iii but once again were vigorously resisted by the Australian tobacco industry. (tobaccoinaustralia.org.au)
- Frederick J. Stare (d. 2002-04-04 ) was an industry-friendly, industry-funded Professor of Nutrition and head of the Department of Nutrition at the Harvard School of Public Health , who also regularly took money from the tobacco industry to provide them with a scientific front and money-laundering service. (sourcewatch.org)
- Seltzer was eventually transfered (via generous tobacco industry research grants) to the Harvard School of Public Health , and given a Professorship in the Nutrition Department where Stare protected him for many years. (sourcewatch.org)
- In 2009, local and state policymakers began identifying ways to regulate their sale, public usage, taxation, and marketing, often by integrating them into existing tobacco control laws. (milbank.org)
- In its recent announcement the FDA warns that while it has not "ruled out" future regulatory action, it will instead "focus its efforts for now on the potential for voluntary reform and the promotion of the judicious use of antimicrobials in the interest of public health. (ecowatch.com)
- These reports were submitted for the 2004 through 2007 funding period by local tobacco control organizations to the California Department of Public Health, Tobacco Control Program. (cdc.gov)
- U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) chief Scott Gottlieb expressed his persistent disappointment with the vaping industry during a Jan. 18 public hearing , threatening "game over" for vape manufacturers if vaping rates among children and teens continue to rise. (beasleyallen.com)
- The industrial agriculture industry has denied that antibiotics usage in animals poses a direct risk to public health, and it's difficult for researchers to prove the point, in part, because the industry makes it harder. (mercola.com)
- Dr. James Johnson, an infectious disease physician at the University of Minnesota, told Scientific American, "Frankly, it reminds me of the tobacco industry, the asbestos industry and the oil industry … We have a long history of industries subverting public health. (mercola.com)
- The UK Public Health Responsibility Deal was launched in 2011 as a public-private partnership among industry, government, public bodies and voluntary organisations. (eurekalert.org)
- Organisations involved make voluntary pledges designed to improve public health. (eurekalert.org)
Child Labor in Tobacco2
- In recent years, the tobacco industry has undertaken voluntary efforts to curtail child labor in tobacco farming and increase protections for young workers. (osha.gov)
- Following the story, the Council for Burley Tobacco, an industry group that represents 5,000 tobacco growers , publicly distanced itself from child labor in tobacco fields: "We do not condone the hiring of anyone under the age of 16 for work in tobacco anywhere in the world. (nclnet.org)
- The number of people covered by bans on tobacco advertising, promotion and sponsorship, the focus of this year's report, increased by almost 400 million people, residing mainly in low- and middle-income countries. (who.int)
- Bans on tobacco advertising, promotion and sponsorship are some of the most powerful measures to control tobacco use. (who.int)
- Nevertheless, historic progress could happen with adoption of WHO FCTC Article 5.3 guidelines in November 2008 by countries that have ratified the global tobacco treaty. (business-humanrights.org)
- FCTC Article 5.3 was globally recognized as a backbone of the global tobacco treaty. (business-humanrights.org)
Target of a 302
- However, the Report notes, to achieve the globally agreed target of a 30% reduction of tobacco use by 2025, more countries have to implement comprehensive tobacco control programmes. (who.int)
- Despite the overall decline, WHO regrets that only one in eight countries is on track to meet a voluntary target of a 30% cut in tobacco use by 2025, based on a 2010 baseline. (swissinfo.ch)
- Fine cut tobacco retained a very strong position in tobacco, with per capita consumption in the Netherlands still amongst the highest globally. (euromonitor.com)
- If all workplacesbecame smoke-free, consumption per capita in the entire population would drop by 4.5% in the United States and 7.6% in the United Kingdom, costing the tobacco industry $1.7 billion and £310 million annually in lost sales. (bmj.com)
- 7 In 1992 Phillip Morris Tobacco Company privately estimated that if all workplaces were smoke-free, total consumption would drop about 10%, through a combination of quitting and cutting down. (bmj.com)
- Several countries have taken measures to control the consumption of tobacco with usage and sales restrictions as well as warning messages printed on packaging. (wikipedia.org)
- While a taxation increase of 40 per cent on industry prices (similar to tobacco), determined by previous work to lead to a 6 per cent reduction in consumption, was also evaluated. (bio-medicine.org)
- In contrast, a direct link between mortality and tobacco consumption is undisputed. (parliament.uk)
- Yet the Government's record on addressing tobacco consumption has not been particularly edifying. (parliament.uk)
- Friend the Member for Woodspring (Dr. Fox) was right to underline the scandal of EU tobacco subsidies, and withdrawing those would have a far greater impact on tobacco consumption worldwide than the Bill. (parliament.uk)
- Extensive evidence is available on the broader global determinants of tobacco consumption such as trade liberalisation, 1 the global marketing of tobacco, 2 and smuggling. (bmj.com)
- At first glance the consumption of food is very different from that of tobacco. (bmj.com)
- The industry spends billions of dollars every year on TAPS as a proven means to increase tobacco consumption, including among youth (1) . (who.int)
- Guidelines and recommendations exist for countering and monitoring industry marketing, and recommendations have been issued to refuse industry funding of certain activities, but no broad policy has been published to assist government officials, policy- makers and nongovernmental organizations in their interactions with the tobacco industry. (who.int)
- later, Philip Morris International and other tobacco industry organizations joined. (fctc.org)
- The Lung Association is one of Canada's oldest voluntary, not-for-profit health-promotion organizations. (tobaccofree.org)
- The government does not require rules for the disclosure or registration of tobacco industry entities, affiliated organizations and individuals acting on their behalf, including lobbyists, and provides no penalties for false or inaccurate information. (who.int)
- As with any emerging industry, it is important that government and health organizations make a quick and calculated decision to help reduce harmful activities. (forbes.com)
- And, in a world that is increasingly banning traditional forms of tobacco advertising, it is another way to get their name and brand out there, often in association with "good" organizations. (ash.org)
- For the campaign to succeed in the long run, it is necessary for the nongovernmental organizations, especially the voluntary health agencies, to be willing to hold those charged with implementing the program accountable. (cdlib.org)
- These reports were submitted for the 2004 through 2007 and recreational areas to protect people from exposure funding period by local tobacco control organizations to the to secondhand smoke. (cdc.gov)
- Voluntary organizations which support educational programs and research in psychiatry with the objective of the promotion of mental health. (bioportfolio.com)
- Last month, 50 organizations wrote President Obama to urge greater protections for child tobacco workers. (nclnet.org)
- These results should be relevant to other tobacco control organizations that are attempting to secure local smoke-free policy. (cdc.gov)
- The California Tobacco Control Program (CTCP) funds tobacco control programs of county health departments statewide, a small number of metropolitan areas, and selected community-based organizations, and supports the Tobacco Control Evaluation Center (TCEC) of the University of California, Davis. (cdc.gov)
- Bowman and Brooke attorneys are leaders in their fields, called upon by industry organizations and the media to provide insights on legal trends and developments. (bowmanandbrooke.com)
- A law prohibiting tobacco advertising was passed in Ecuador, but, after a mobilization of journalists from throughout Latin America and numerous international organizations, it was vetoed by the President. (easyquitsystem.com)
- The study ignored the health implications of the results and instead promoted the industry position that ventilation could solve problems posed by secondhand smoke. (bmj.com)
- Also, environmental tobacco smoke, or secondhand smoke , has been shown to cause adverse health effects in people of all ages. (wikipedia.org)
- New evidence showing that secondhand smoke in outdoor areas also presents health risks (3) has elevated efforts to control tobacco use in outdoor spaces and recreational areas to protect people from exposure to secondhand smoke. (cdc.gov)
- FDA cannot rely on voluntary efforts by the tobacco industry, nor should FDA only act to restrict sales. (lung.org)
- For all these reasons, securing outdoor smoke-free policy has become a recommended strategy by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) for states and local jurisdictions (8), and California's tobacco control program likewise supports community policies to restrict outdoor area smoking (9). (cdc.gov)
World Health Organ1
- The World Health Organization (WHO) would like to acknowledge the contributions provided by Stanton A. Glantz, PhD (Professor of Medicine, American Legacy Foundation Distinguished Professor of Tobacco Control and Director of the Centre for Tobacco Control Research and Education at the University of California at San Francisco, a WHO Collaborating Centre on Tobacco Control), along with Jonathan R. Polansky (Principal, Onbeyond LLC). (who.int)
- Argentina has made the epidemiological transition to an advanced stage in the tobacco epidemic and the Southern Cone region of the Americas leads the hemisphere in tobacco attributable mortality. (bmj.com)
- The "vector" of the global tobacco epidemic is the tobacco industry, and the way the disease is spread is through marketing. (ash.org)
- Cairo, Egypt - 27 October 2013 - At 2.3 billion, the number of people worldwide covered by at least one life-saving measure to limit tobacco use has more than doubled in the last five years, according to the WHO Report on the Global Tobacco Epidemic, 2013. (who.int)
- The WHO FCTC entered into force in 2005 and, with 177 Parties today, is a powerful tool to combat the deadly tobacco epidemic. (who.int)
- In the next Congress, which begins Jan. 3, both Rep. Henry Waxman (D) of California and Sen. Edward Kennedy (D) of Massachusetts will introduce proposals designed to reduce tobacco use by minors through curtailed vending-machine placement, sharply restricted tobacco advertising, and prohibition of the now-current use of tobacco brand names in the sponsoring of sports events. (csmonitor.com)
- and "How can we make sure we can defend these conclusions against potential tobacco industry criticism? (blogspot.com)
- In fact, the movement has evolved into one where challenging its conclusions is tantamount to working for the tobacco industry. (blogspot.com)
- Anyone who does challenge the conclusions of the movement is attacked and accused of being a tobacco industry mole or sympathizer. (blogspot.com)
- In fact, the problem is so alarming that the World Health Assembly approved nine voluntary global targets to help decrease tobacco prevalence by 30% among people older than 15 by 2025. (forbes.com)
- The prevalence of voluntary warnings, warnings with the specific capitalized word "WARNING", and MarkTen warnings were examined after being weighted using factors related to exposure between January 2012 and March 2015. (mdpi.com)
- 3 The FAA studied the issue, finding eventually that exposure to tobacco smoke was unlikely to be "injurious to the health of nonsmokers", and declined to take action. (bmj.com)
- The food industry has a long way to go if its pledges are to comprehensively reduce the exposure and power of marketing to children. (babymilkaction.org)
- It also identifies vulnerable workers, including children and adolescents, who may be more sensitive to chemical exposure and more likely to suffer from green tobacco sickness, and who may suffer more serious health consequences than adults. (osha.gov)
- 2 Article 8 of the FCTC recognises that scientific evidence has established that exposure to tobacco smoke causes death, disease and disability. (scielo.org.mx)
Efforts by the tobacco industry1
- Health Assembly resolution 54.18, which urges Member States to be aware of affiliations between the tobacco industry and members of their delegations, and urges WHO and Member States to be alert to any efforts by the tobacco industry to continue its subversive practice and to assure the integrity of health policy development in any WHO meeting and in national governments. (who.int)
- Indeed, tobacco industry investments in the ILO have a nominal impact on child labor as they focus on the cycle of poverty of tobacco farmers and neglect to address tobacco industry practices such as the administration of unfair contracts, collusion over leaf prices, and inflation of the costs for farm inputs that perpetuate poverty in the first place. (fctc.org)
- U.S. Secretary of Labor Thomas E. Perez today announced the release of a recommended practices bulletin * with guidance on reducing the hazards for tobacco workers. (osha.gov)
- The YAAs' goals are to change the social norms that support youth tobacco abuse and to counter tobacco industry marketing practices. (tobaccofree.org)
- With this guidance, FDA continues to take half measures that will not protect our nation's children from the predatory marketing practices of the tobacco industry. (lung.org)
- However, FCTC utterly rejects agreements with industry involvement. (forbes.com)
- The head of the FCTC says that allowing big tobacco to take part in any future agreements is like letting the fox into the hen house. (forbes.com)
- The government accepts, supports, endorses or enters into partnerships or agreements with the tobacco industry. (who.int)
- Every tobacco company in every market should publicly disclose what it knew about the addictiveness and harm caused by tobacco, when it obtained this information, and what it did about it. (nih.gov)
- WARNING: Tobacco smoke can harm your children. (fee.org)
- When questions arose about health risks of tobacco, they focused on two key themes: 1) how bad is the problem (i.e., absolute risk) and 2) what can be done to reduce the risk without cessation (i.e., prospects for harm reduction). (biomedcentral.com)
- Nevertheless, we believe that the industry does have a role to play in harm reduction, particularly in an international context. (nuffieldbioethics.org)
- To make matters even worse, the FDA's announcement is actually a (less strict) rehash of proposals that were first announced in 2008, and which were immediately recalled after the usual uproar from the intensive farming industry lobby. (ecowatch.com)
- It also found that evidence external to the FDCA-that the FDA consistently stated before 1995 that it lacked jurisdiction over tobacco, that Congress has enacted several tobacco-specific statutes fully cognizant of the FDA's position, and that Congress has considered and rejected many bills that would have given the agency such authority-confirms this conclusion. (justia.com)
- As in other countries, in 1977 the tobacco industry created a weak voluntary self regulating code to avoid strong legislated restrictions on advertising. (bmj.com)
- Sure, we are an industry fighting back, but it's not about stopping restrictions. (scoop.co.nz)
- With no ties to Big Tobacco, independent Kiwi vape entrepreneurs and retailers have come together not to stop restrictions, but to constructively advocate for the survival of something we passionately believe in. (scoop.co.nz)
- These voluntary efforts are failing to curtail the spread of disinformation, and sooner or later the tech industry will have to face the same FCC restrictions on content and advertising as traditional media-which would undoubtedly help to reduce the spread of erroneous reporting. (brookings.edu)
- As tobacco use decreases in many countries, partly due to restrictions on tobacco marketing and use", explains Dr Alwan, "the tobacco industry is switching its efforts to the developing world where there are large and growing markets and fewer restrictions on tobacco marketing. (who.int)
Cause of preventable death globally2
- The Medical Journal of Australia in June reports a study by Sydney researchers showing that fast food advertising had not declined but possibly increased since the introduction of voluntary controls. (babymilkaction.org)
- The researchers said: 'It will be much more difficult to establish internationally binding instruments or conventions like those achieved in tobacco control. (manchestereveningnews.co.uk)
- The researchers found that whilst tobacco industry arguments made to oppose or derail policy appear diverse, on closer inspection they point to a common theme: that the benefits of health reform are marginal whilst the costs to society are likely to be significant. (bath.ac.uk)
- Policy theorists and tobacco control researchers provide main section included subsections of required information. (cdc.gov)
- Policy theorists and tobacco control researchers provide some guidance in their analysis of factors that lead to successful local policy change (10-12). (cdc.gov)
- Similarly, the United States Centers for Disease Control and Prevention describes tobacco use as "the single most important preventable risk to human health in developed countries and an important cause of premature death worldwide. (wikipedia.org)
- Vested interests that lobbied for the HGP and funded many of the scientists involved - including the tobacco industry - made repeated false claims about the role of genes in common diseases such as lung cancer and hypertension and oversold the likely benefit to health of genetic 'prediction and prevention' of disease (4). (councilforresponsiblegenetics.org)
- The WHO official said the small alpine country was good at monitoring tobacco use and prevention measures. (swissinfo.ch)
- Unsurprisingly, these industry representatives urged a voluntary, rather than a regulatory approach. (cancerresearchuk.org)
- The TV industry responded that year with the TV Parental Guidelines, structured around a similar self-regulatory system previously developed for motion pictures. (aappublications.org)
- Yet despite their promises to protect workers from tobacco smoke, the UK government continues to rely on failed voluntary measures that have the support of the tobacco industry. (walesonline.co.uk)
- In 2008, WHO identified six evidence-based tobacco control measures that are the most effective in reducing tobacco use. (who.int)
- These measures provide countries with practical assistance to reduce demand for tobacco in line with the WHO FCTC, thereby reducing related illness, disability and death. (who.int)
- Even if Congress ultimately fails to enact the tobacco deal, thereby killing the President's new programs, Democrats can come away with a potent political issue, Mr. Clinton's aides said. (nytimes.com)
- 1 Congress instructed the telecommunications industry to develop a television (TV) ratings system and TV manufacturers to integrate hardware (the V-chip) to allow parents to block objectionable content. (aappublications.org)
- Al Gore's tobacco flip-flop -- politically exploiting his sister's smoking-related death after having boasted in 1988 about his tobacco farming history -- didn't receive any evening news coverage during the Democratic Convention. (mrc.org)
- Science and Technology (S&T) Programs has been performing voluntary laboratory services under the Agricultural Marketing Act of 1946, as amended, for the AMS commodity programs (Fruit and Vegetable, Cotton, Livestock and Seed, Poultry, Dairy, and Tobacco) and applicable customers in these industries since its inception on August 17, 1988. (federalregister.gov)