Pathological processes that affect voice production, usually involving VOCAL CORDS and the LARYNGEAL MUCOSA. Voice disorders can be caused by organic (anatomical), or functional (emotional or psychological) factors leading to DYSPHONIA; APHONIA; and defects in VOICE QUALITY, loudness, and pitch.
The sounds produced by humans by the passage of air through the LARYNX and over the VOCAL CORDS, and then modified by the resonance organs, the NASOPHARYNX, and the MOUTH.
The observation of successive phases of MOVEMENT by use of a flashing light.
Difficulty and/or pain in PHONATION or speaking.
A variety of techniques used to help individuals utilize their voice for various purposes and with minimal use of muscle energy.
The use of mind to cure disease, particularly physical illness.
The process of producing vocal sounds by means of VOCAL CORDS vibrating in an expiratory blast of air.
A pair of cone-shaped elastic mucous membrane projecting from the laryngeal wall and forming a narrow slit between them. Each contains a thickened free edge (vocal ligament) extending from the THYROID CARTILAGE to the ARYTENOID CARTILAGE, and a VOCAL MUSCLE that shortens or relaxes the vocal cord to control sound production.
Examination, therapy or surgery of the interior of the larynx performed with a specially designed endoscope.
That component of SPEECH which gives the primary distinction to a given speaker's VOICE when pitch and loudness are excluded. It involves both phonatory and resonatory characteristics. Some of the descriptions of voice quality are harshness, breathiness and nasality.
One of a pair of small pyramidal cartilages that articulate with the lamina of the CRICOID CARTILAGE. The corresponding VOCAL LIGAMENT and several muscles are attached to it.
Acquired or developmental conditions marked by an impaired ability to comprehend or generate spoken forms of language.
The teaching staff and members of the administrative staff having academic rank in an educational institution.
The striated muscle groups which move the LARYNX as a whole or its parts, such as altering tension of the VOCAL CORDS, or size of the slit (RIMA GLOTTIDIS).
The acoustic aspects of speech in terms of frequency, intensity, and time.
The viscous secretion of mucous membranes. It contains mucin, white blood cells, water, inorganic salts, and exfoliated cells.
Diseases caused by factors involved in one's employment.
A device, activated electronically or by expired pulmonary air, which simulates laryngeal activity and enables a laryngectomized person to speak. Examples of the pneumatic mechanical device are the Tokyo and Van Hunen artificial larynges. Electronic devices include the Western Electric electrolarynx, Tait oral vibrator, Cooper-Rand electrolarynx and the Ticchioni pipe.
A major affective disorder marked by severe mood swings (manic or major depressive episodes) and a tendency to remission and recurrence.
Psychiatric illness or diseases manifested by breakdowns in the adaptational process expressed primarily as abnormalities of thought, feeling, and behavior producing either distress or impairment of function.
Software capable of recognizing dictation and transcribing the spoken words into written text.
Persistent and disabling ANXIETY.
Those disorders that have a disturbance in mood as their predominant feature.

Sequelae of sarin toxicity at one and three years after exposure in Matsumoto, Japan. (1/189)

In order to clarify the later sequelae of sarin poisoning that occurred in Matsumoto City, Japan, on June 27, 1994, a cohort study was conducted on all persons (2052 Japanese people) inhabiting an area 1050 meters from north to south and 850 meters from east to west with the sarin release site in the center. Respondents numbered 1237 and 836 people when surveys were conducted at one and three years after the sarin incident, respectively. Numbers of persons with symptoms of sarin toxicity were compared between sarin victims and non-victims. Of the respondents, 58 and 46 people had symptoms associated with sarin such as fatigue, asthenia, shoulder stiffness, asthenopia and blurred vision at both points of the survey, respectively. The prevalences were low; some complained of insomnia, had bad dreams, difficulty in smoking, husky voice, slight fever and palpitation. The victims who had symptoms one year after the incident had a lower erythrocyte cholinesterase activity than did those who did not have symptoms at the early stage; such persons lived in an area with a 500 meter long axis north east from the sarin release site. The three-year cohort study clearly showed that the odds ratios of almost all of the symptoms were high in the sarin-exposed group, suggesting a positive relationship between symptoms and grades of exposure to sarin. These results suggest that symptoms reported by many victims of the sarin incident are thought to be sequelae related to sarin exposure.  (+info)

Intensive voice treatment (LSVT) for patients with Parkinson's disease: a 2 year follow up. (2/189)

OBJECTIVES: To assess long term (24 months) effects of the Lee Silverman voice treatment (LSVT), a method designed to improve vocal function in patients with Parkinson's disease. METHODS: Thirty three patients with idiopathic Parkinson's disease were stratified and randomly assigned to two treatment groups. One group received the LSVT, which emphasises high phonatory-respiratory effort. The other group received respiratory therapy (RET), which emphasises high respiratory effort alone. Patients in both treatment groups sustained vowel phonation, read a passage, and produced a monologue under identical conditions before, immediately after, and 24 months after speech treatment. Change in vocal function was measured by means of acoustic analyses of voice loudness (measured as sound pressure level, or SPL) and inflection in voice fundamental frequency (measured in terms of semitone standard deviation, or STSD). RESULTS: The LSVT was significantly more effective than the RET in improving (increasing) SPL and STSD immediately post-treatment and maintaining those improvements at 2 year follow up. CONCLUSIONS: The findings provide evidence for the efficacy of the LSVT as well as the long term maintenance of these effects in the treatment of voice and speech disorders in patients with idiopathic Parkinson's disease.  (+info)

Is voice therapy an effective treatment for dysphonia? A randomised controlled trial. (3/189)

OBJECTIVES: To assess the overall efficacy of voice therapy for dysphonia. DESIGN: Single blind randomised controlled trial. SETTING: Outpatient clinic in a teaching hospital. PARTICIPANTS: 204 outpatients aged 17-87 with a primary symptom of persistent hoarseness for at least two months. INTERVENTIONS: After baseline assessments, patients were randomised to six weeks of either voice therapy or no treatment. Assessments were repeated at six weeks on the 145 (71%) patients who continued to this stage and at 12-14 weeks on the 133 (65%) patients who completed the study. The assessments at the three time points for the 70 patients who completed treatment and the 63 patients in the group given no treatment were compared. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Ratings of laryngeal features, Buffalo voice profile, amplitude and pitch perturbation, voice profile questionnaire, hospital anxiety and depression scale, clinical interview schedule, SF-36. RESULTS: Voice therapy improved voice quality as assessed by rating by patients (P=0.001) and rating by observer (P<0.001). The treatment effects for these two outcomes were 4.1 (95% confidence interval 1.7 to 6.6) points and 0.82 (0.50 to 1.13) points. Amplitude perturbation showed improvement at six weeks (P=0.005) but not on completion of the study. Patients with dysphonia had appreciable psychological distress and lower quality of life than controls, but voice therapy had no significant impact on either of these variables. CONCLUSION: Voice therapy is effective in improving voice quality as assessed by self rated and observer rated methods.  (+info)

Swallowing and voice effects of Lee Silverman Voice Treatment (LSVT): a pilot study. (4/189)

OBJECTIVE: To define the effects of Lee Silverman Voice Treatment (LSVT on swallowing and voice in eight patients with idiopathic Parkinson's disease. METHODS: Each patient received a modified barium swallow (MBS) in addition to voice recording before and after 1 month of LSVT. Swallowing motility disorders were defined and temporal measures of the swallow were completed from the MBS. Voice evaluation included measures of vocal intensity, fundamental frequency, and the patient's perception of speech change. RESULTS: before LSVT, the most prevalent swallowing motility disorders were oral phase problems including reduced tongue control and strength. Reduced tongue base retraction resulting in residue in the vallecula was the most common disorder in the pharyngeal stage of the swallow. Oral transit time (OTT) and pharyngeal transit time (PTT) were prolonged. After LSVT, there was an overall 51% reduction in the number of swallowing motility disorders. Some temporal measures of swallowing were also significantly reduced as was the approximate amount of oral residue after 3 ml and 5 ml liquid swallows. Voice changes after LSVT included a significant increase in vocal intensity during sustained vowel phonation as well as during reading. CONCLUSIONS: LSVT seemingly improved neuromuscular control of the entire upper aerodigestive tract, improving oral tongue and tongue base function during the oral and pharyngeal phases of swallowing as well as improving vocal intensity.  (+info)

Occupational voice disorders due to workplace exposure to irritants--a review of the literature. (5/189)

The medical literature contains relatively few examples of reports of voice disorders that could be attributed to chemical exposure at work. General medical conditions such as gastro-oesophageal reflux and the use of medication such as inhaled steroids are well-recognized causes of laryngitis, but the occupational causes are less well documented. This paper describes the results of a literature review looking at the reporting of cases of occupationally acquired voice disorders due to exposure to irritants in the workplace.  (+info)

Assessment of voice quality after carotid endarterectomy. (6/189)

OBJECTIVES: vocal cord paralysis is considered a rare complication of carotid endarterectomy (CEA), but alteration in voice quality may be more common. The aim of this prospective study was to evaluate the effect of CEA on voice quality and to correlate any changes with the extent of the dissection. DESIGN-MATERIAL-METHODS: thirty-five patients who underwent CEA were divided in two groups, according to the level of surgical dissection performed. The high-level dissection group was comprised of those patients that required mobilisation of hypoglossal nerve and division of the posterior belly of digastric muscle. The low-level dissection group included the rest. All the patients' voices were recorded and analysed digitally before CEA, one and three months after the operation. Voice data were measured for standard deviation of fundamental frequency, jitter, shimmer and normalised noise energy (NNE). All patients underwent a laryngeal examination pre- and post-operation. RESULTS: none of the patients had any vocal cord dysfunction on laryngoscopy. Significant changes of voice quality (jitter, shimmer, NNE) were noticed in the high-level dissection group (p<0.05) one month after the operation. Two months later, the voice changes had subsided, but still significant disturbances remained (jitter, shimmer). CONCLUSIONS: voice-related disturbances are far more common following CEA than is generally believed and, although they seem to for the most part temporary, they deserve attention. Specifically, high-level surgical dissection seems to be a risk factor of postoperative vocal impairment.  (+info)

Prospective functional voice assessment in patients undergoing thyroid surgery. (7/189)

OBJECTIVE: To analyze voice function before and after thyroidectomy for patients with normal preoperative voice using a standardized multidimensional voice assessment protocol. SUMMARY BACKGROUND DATA: The natural history of post-thyroidectomy voice disturbances for patients with preserved laryngeal nerve function has not been systematically studied and characterized with the intent of using the data for postoperative voice rehabilitation. METHODS: During a prospective single-arm study, patients with normal voice underwent functional voice testing using a standardized voice grading scale and a battery of acoustic, aerodynamic, glottographic, and videostroboscopic tests before, 1 week after, and 3 months after thyroidectomy. Differences in observed sample means were evaluated using analysis of covariance or t test; categorical data was analyzed using the Fisher exact or chi-square test. RESULTS: Fifty-four patients were enrolled; 50 and 46 were evaluable at 1 week and 3 months, respectively. No patient developed recurrent laryngeal nerve injury; one had superior laryngeal nerve injury. Fifteen (30%) patients reported early subjective voice change and seven (14%) reported late (3-month) subjective voice change. Forty-two (84%) patients had significant objective change in at least one voice parameter. Six (12%) had significant alterations in more than three voice measures, of which four (67%) were symptomatic, whereas 25% with three or fewer objective changes had symptoms. Patients with persistent voice change at 3 months had an increased likelihood of multiple (more than three) early objective changes (43% vs. 7%). Early maximum phonational frequency range and vocal jitter changes from baseline were significantly associated with voice symptoms at 3 months. CONCLUSIONS: Early vocal symptoms are common following thyroidectomy and persist in 14% of patients. Multiple (more than three) objective voice changes correlate with early and late postoperative symptoms. Alterations in maximum phonational frequency range and vocal jitter predict late perceived vocal changes. Factors other than laryngeal nerve injury appear to alter post-thyroidectomy voice. The variability of patient symptoms underscores the importance of understanding the physiology of dysphonia.  (+info)

Quantitative analysis of professionally trained versus untrained voices. (8/189)

The aim of this study was to compare healthy trained and untrained voices as well as healthy and dysphonic trained voices in adults using combined voice range profile and aerodynamic tests, to define the normal range limiting values of quantitative voice parameters and to select the most informative quantitative voice parameters for separation between healthy and dysphonic trained voices. Three groups of persons were evaluated. One hundred eighty six healthy volunteers were divided into two groups according to voice training: non-professional speakers group consisted of 106 untrained voices persons (36 males and 70 females) and professional speakers group--of 80 trained voices persons (21 males and 59 females). Clinical group consisted of 103 dysphonic professional speakers (23 males and 80 females) with various voice disorders. Eighteen quantitative voice parameters from combined voice range profile (VRP) test were analyzed: 8 of voice range profile, 8 of speaking voice, overall vocal dysfunction degree and coefficient of sound, and aerodynamic maximum phonation time. Analysis showed that healthy professional speakers demonstrated expanded vocal abilities in comparison to healthy non-professional speakers. Quantitative voice range profile parameters- pitch range, high frequency limit, area of high frequencies and coefficient of sound differed significantly between healthy professional and non-professional voices, and were more informative than speaking voice or aerodynamic parameters in showing the voice training. Logistic stepwise regression revealed that VRP area in high frequencies was sufficient to discriminate between healthy and dysphonic professional speakers for male subjects (overall discrimination accuracy--81.8%) and combination of three quantitative parameters (VRP high frequency limit, maximum voice intensity and slope of speaking curve) for female subjects (overall model discrimination accuracy--75.4%). We concluded that quantitative voice assessment with selected parameters might be useful for evaluation of voice education for healthy professional speakers as well as for detection of vocal dysfunction and evaluation of rehabilitation effect in dysphonic professionals.  (+info)

Voice disorders are conditions that affect the quality, pitch, or volume of a person's voice. These disorders can result from damage to or abnormalities in the vocal cords, which are the small bands of muscle located in the larynx (voice box) that vibrate to produce sound.

There are several types of voice disorders, including:

1. Vocal cord dysfunction: This occurs when the vocal cords do not open and close properly, resulting in a weak or breathy voice.
2. Vocal cord nodules: These are small growths that form on the vocal cords as a result of excessive use or misuse of the voice, such as from shouting or singing too loudly.
3. Vocal cord polyps: These are similar to nodules but are usually larger and can cause more significant changes in the voice.
4. Laryngitis: This is an inflammation of the vocal cords that can result from a viral infection, overuse, or exposure to irritants such as smoke.
5. Muscle tension dysphonia: This occurs when the muscles around the larynx become tense and constricted, leading to voice changes.
6. Paradoxical vocal fold movement: This is a condition in which the vocal cords close when they should be open, causing breathing difficulties and a weak or breathy voice.
7. Spasmodic dysphonia: This is a neurological disorder that causes involuntary spasms of the vocal cords, resulting in voice breaks and difficulty speaking.

Voice disorders can cause significant impairment in communication, social interactions, and quality of life. Treatment may include voice therapy, medication, or surgery, depending on the underlying cause of the disorder.

In medical terms, the term "voice" refers to the sound produced by vibration of the vocal cords caused by air passing out from the lungs during speech, singing, or breathing. It is a complex process that involves coordination between respiratory, phonatory, and articulatory systems. Any damage or disorder in these systems can affect the quality, pitch, loudness, and flexibility of the voice.

The medical field dealing with voice disorders is called Phoniatrics or Voice Medicine. Voice disorders can present as hoarseness, breathiness, roughness, strain, weakness, or a complete loss of voice, which can significantly impact communication, social interaction, and quality of life.

Stroboscopy is a medical examination technique used primarily for the evaluation of voice and swallowing disorders. It involves the use of a strobe light that flickers at a rate equal to or close to the vibration rate of the vocal folds (vocal cords). This allows the examiner to visualize the movement of the vocal folds in slow motion, which can help identify any abnormalities in their movement or structure.

During the procedure, a thin, flexible tube called a stroboscope is inserted through the nose and into the throat. The strobe light is then activated, and the examiner observes the vibration of the vocal folds using an attached camera and video monitor. This technique can help diagnose conditions such as vocal fold nodules, polyps, paralysis, and other disorders that affect voice production.

It's important to note that stroboscopy should be performed by a trained healthcare professional, such as an otolaryngologist (ear, nose, and throat specialist) or speech-language pathologist, who has experience in evaluating voice and swallowing disorders.

Dysphonia is a medical term that refers to difficulty or discomfort in producing sounds or speaking, often characterized by hoarseness, roughness, breathiness, strain, or weakness in the voice. It can be caused by various conditions such as vocal fold nodules, polyps, inflammation, neurological disorders, or injuries to the vocal cords. Dysphonia can affect people of all ages and may impact their ability to communicate effectively, causing social, professional, and emotional challenges. Treatment for dysphonia depends on the underlying cause and may include voice therapy, medication, surgery, or lifestyle modifications.

"Voice training" is not a term that has a specific medical definition in the field of otolaryngology (ear, nose, and throat medicine) or speech-language pathology. However, voice training generally refers to the process of developing and improving one's vocal skills through various exercises and techniques. This can include training in breath control, pitch, volume, resonance, articulation, and interpretation, among other aspects of vocal production. Voice training is often used to help individuals with voice disorders or professionals such as singers and actors to optimize their vocal abilities. In a medical context, voice training may be recommended or overseen by a speech-language pathologist as part of the treatment plan for a voice disorder.

"Mental healing" is not a term that is widely used in modern medicine or psychiatry. However, it generally refers to the process of addressing and resolving psychological issues or emotional distress through non-pharmacological means, such as talk therapy, psychotherapy, or mindfulness practices.

In a broader sense, mental healing can also refer to the improvement of one's mental and emotional well-being through various holistic approaches, including self-care, stress management techniques, social support, and spiritual practices. These methods aim to help individuals develop coping skills, build resilience, and improve their overall quality of life.

It is important to note that while these approaches can be helpful in managing mental health symptoms, they should not replace evidence-based treatments for mental health conditions, such as medication or therapy with a licensed mental health professional.

Phonation is the process of sound production in speech, singing, or crying. It involves the vibration of the vocal folds (also known as the vocal cords) in the larynx, which is located in the neck. When air from the lungs passes through the vibrating vocal folds, it causes them to vibrate and produce sound waves. These sound waves are then shaped into speech sounds by the articulatory structures of the mouth, nose, and throat.

Phonation is a critical component of human communication and is used in various forms of verbal expression, such as speaking, singing, and shouting. It requires precise control of the muscles that regulate the tension, mass, and length of the vocal folds, as well as the air pressure and flow from the lungs. Dysfunction in phonation can result in voice disorders, such as hoarseness, breathiness, or loss of voice.

Vocal cords, also known as vocal folds, are specialized bands of muscle, membrane, and connective tissue located within the larynx (voice box). They are essential for speech, singing, and other sounds produced by the human voice. The vocal cords vibrate when air from the lungs is passed through them, creating sound waves that vary in pitch and volume based on the tension, length, and mass of the vocal cords. These sound waves are then further modified by the resonance chambers of the throat, nose, and mouth to produce speech and other vocalizations.

Laryngoscopy is a medical procedure that involves the examination of the larynx, which is the upper part of the windpipe (trachea), and the vocal cords using a specialized instrument called a laryngoscope. The laryngoscope is inserted through the mouth or nose to provide a clear view of the larynx and surrounding structures. This procedure can be performed for diagnostic purposes, such as identifying abnormalities like growths, inflammation, or injuries, or for therapeutic reasons, such as removing foreign objects or taking tissue samples for biopsy. There are different types of laryngoscopes and techniques used depending on the reason for the examination and the patient's specific needs.

Voice quality, in the context of medicine and particularly in otolaryngology (ear, nose, and throat medicine), refers to the characteristic sound of an individual's voice that can be influenced by various factors. These factors include the vocal fold vibration, respiratory support, articulation, and any underlying medical conditions.

A change in voice quality might indicate a problem with the vocal folds or surrounding structures, neurological issues affecting the nerves that control vocal fold movement, or other medical conditions. Examples of terms used to describe voice quality include breathy, hoarse, rough, strained, or tense. A detailed analysis of voice quality is often part of a speech-language pathologist's assessment and can help in diagnosing and managing various voice disorders.

The arytenoid cartilages are paired, irregularly shaped pieces of elastic cartilage located in the larynx (voice box) of mammals. They play a crucial role in the process of vocalization and breathing.

Each arytenoid cartilage has a body and two projections: the vocal process, which provides attachment for the vocal cord, and the muscular process, which serves as an attachment site for various intrinsic laryngeal muscles. The arytenoid cartilages are connected to the cricoid cartilage below by the synovial cricoarytenoid joints, allowing for their movement during respiration and phonation.

These cartilages help in adjusting the tension of the vocal cords and controlling the opening and closing of the rima glottidis (the space between the vocal cords), which is essential for breathing, swallowing, and producing sounds. Any abnormalities or injuries to the arytenoid cartilages may result in voice disturbances or respiratory difficulties.

Speech disorders refer to a group of conditions in which a person has difficulty producing or articulating sounds, words, or sentences in a way that is understandable to others. These disorders can be caused by various factors such as developmental delays, neurological conditions, hearing loss, structural abnormalities, or emotional issues.

Speech disorders may include difficulties with:

* Articulation: the ability to produce sounds correctly and clearly.
* Phonology: the sound system of language, including the rules that govern how sounds are combined and used in words.
* Fluency: the smoothness and flow of speech, including issues such as stuttering or cluttering.
* Voice: the quality, pitch, and volume of the spoken voice.
* Resonance: the way sound is produced and carried through the vocal tract, which can affect the clarity and quality of speech.

Speech disorders can impact a person's ability to communicate effectively, leading to difficulties in social situations, academic performance, and even employment opportunities. Speech-language pathologists are trained to evaluate and treat speech disorders using various evidence-based techniques and interventions.

In a medical context, "faculty" most commonly refers to the inherent abilities or powers of a normal functioning part of the body or mind. For example, one might speak of the "faculties of perception" to describe the senses of sight, hearing, touch, taste, and smell. It can also refer to the teaching staff or body of instructors at a medical school or other educational institution. Additionally, it can be used more generally to mean a capability or skill, as in "the faculty of quick thinking."

The laryngeal muscles are a group of skeletal muscles located in the larynx, also known as the voice box. These muscles play a crucial role in breathing, swallowing, and producing sounds for speech. They include:

1. Cricothyroid muscle: This muscle helps to tense the vocal cords and adjust their pitch during phonation (voice production). It is the only laryngeal muscle that is not innervated by the recurrent laryngeal nerve. Instead, it is supplied by the external branch of the superior laryngeal nerve.
2. Posterior cricoarytenoid muscle: This muscle is primarily responsible for abducting (opening) the vocal cords during breathing and speaking. It is the only muscle that can abduct the vocal cords.
3. Lateral cricoarytenoid muscle: This muscle adducts (closes) the vocal cords during phonation, swallowing, and coughing.
4. Transverse arytenoid muscle: This muscle also contributes to adduction of the vocal cords, working together with the lateral cricoarytenoid muscle. It also helps to relax and lengthen the vocal cords during quiet breathing.
5. Oblique arytenoid muscle: This muscle is involved in adducting, rotating, and shortening the vocal cords. It works together with the transverse arytenoid muscle to provide fine adjustments for voice production.
6. Thyroarytenoid muscle (Vocalis): This muscle forms the main body of the vocal cord and is responsible for its vibration during phonation. The vocalis portion of the muscle helps control pitch and tension in the vocal cords.

These muscles work together to enable various functions of the larynx, such as breathing, swallowing, and speaking.

Speech acoustics is a subfield of acoustic phonetics that deals with the physical properties of speech sounds, such as frequency, amplitude, and duration. It involves the study of how these properties are produced by the vocal tract and perceived by the human ear. Speech acousticians use various techniques to analyze and measure the acoustic signals produced during speech, including spectral analysis, formant tracking, and pitch extraction. This information is used in a variety of applications, such as speech recognition, speaker identification, and hearing aid design.

Mucus is a viscous, slippery secretion produced by the mucous membranes that line various body cavities such as the respiratory and gastrointestinal tracts. It serves to lubricate and protect these surfaces from damage, infection, and foreign particles. Mucus contains water, proteins, salts, and other substances, including antibodies, enzymes, and glycoproteins called mucins that give it its characteristic gel-like consistency.

In the respiratory system, mucus traps inhaled particles such as dust, allergens, and pathogens, preventing them from reaching the lungs. The cilia, tiny hair-like structures lining the airways, move the mucus upward toward the throat, where it can be swallowed or expelled through coughing or sneezing. In the gastrointestinal tract, mucus helps protect the lining of the stomach and intestines from digestive enzymes and other harmful substances.

Excessive production of mucus can occur in various medical conditions such as allergies, respiratory infections, chronic lung diseases, and gastrointestinal disorders, leading to symptoms such as coughing, wheezing, nasal congestion, and diarrhea.

Occupational diseases are health conditions or illnesses that occur as a result of exposure to hazards in the workplace. These hazards can include physical, chemical, and biological agents, as well as ergonomic factors and work-related psychosocial stressors. Examples of occupational diseases include respiratory illnesses caused by inhaling dust or fumes, hearing loss due to excessive noise exposure, and musculoskeletal disorders caused by repetitive movements or poor ergonomics. The development of an occupational disease is typically related to the nature of the work being performed and the conditions in which it is carried out. It's important to note that these diseases can be prevented or minimized through proper risk assessment, implementation of control measures, and adherence to safety regulations.

An artificial larynx, also known as a voice prosthesis or speech aid, is a device used to help individuals who have undergone a laryngectomy (surgical removal of the larynx) or have other conditions that prevent them from speaking normally. The device generates sound mechanically, which can then be shaped into speech by the user.

There are two main types of artificial larynx devices:

1. External: This type of device consists of a small electronic unit that produces sound when the user presses a button or activates it with a breath. The sound is then directed through a tube or hose into a face mask or a mouthpiece, where the user can shape it into speech.
2. Internal: An internal artificial larynx, also known as a voice prosthesis, is implanted in the body during surgery. It works by allowing air to flow from the trachea into the esophagus and then through the voice prosthesis, which creates sound that can be used for speech.

Both types of artificial larynx devices require practice and training to use effectively, but they can significantly improve communication and quality of life for individuals who have lost their natural voice due to laryngeal cancer or other conditions.

Bipolar disorder, also known as manic-depressive illness, is a mental health condition that causes extreme mood swings that include emotional highs (mania or hypomania) and lows (depression). When you become depressed, you may feel sad or hopeless and lose interest or pleasure in most activities. When your mood shifts to mania or hypomania (a less severe form of mania), you may feel euphoric, full of energy, or unusually irritable. These mood swings can significantly affect your job, school, relationships, and overall quality of life.

Bipolar disorder is typically characterized by the presence of one or more manic or hypomanic episodes, often accompanied by depressive episodes. The episodes may be separated by periods of normal mood, but in some cases, a person may experience rapid cycling between mania and depression.

There are several types of bipolar disorder, including:

* Bipolar I Disorder: This type is characterized by the occurrence of at least one manic episode, which may be preceded or followed by hypomanic or major depressive episodes.
* Bipolar II Disorder: This type involves the presence of at least one major depressive episode and at least one hypomanic episode, but no manic episodes.
* Cyclothymic Disorder: This type is characterized by numerous periods of hypomania and depression that are not severe enough to meet the criteria for a full manic or depressive episode.
* Other Specified and Unspecified Bipolar and Related Disorders: These categories include bipolar disorders that do not fit the criteria for any of the other types.

The exact cause of bipolar disorder is unknown, but it appears to be related to a combination of genetic, environmental, and neurochemical factors. Treatment typically involves a combination of medication, psychotherapy, and lifestyle changes to help manage symptoms and prevent relapses.

A mental disorder is a syndrome characterized by clinically significant disturbance in an individual's cognition, emotion regulation, or behavior. It's associated with distress and/or impaired functioning in social, occupational, or other important areas of life, often leading to a decrease in quality of life. These disorders are typically persistent and can be severe and disabling. They may be related to factors such as genetics, early childhood experiences, or trauma. Examples include depression, anxiety disorders, bipolar disorder, schizophrenia, and personality disorders. It's important to note that a diagnosis should be made by a qualified mental health professional.

Speech recognition software, also known as voice recognition software, is a type of technology that converts spoken language into written text. It utilizes sophisticated algorithms and artificial intelligence to identify and transcribe spoken words, enabling users to interact with computers and digital devices using their voice rather than typing or touching the screen. This technology has various applications in healthcare, including medical transcription, patient communication, and hands-free documentation, which can help improve efficiency, accuracy, and accessibility for patients and healthcare professionals alike.

Anxiety disorders are a category of mental health disorders characterized by feelings of excessive and persistent worry, fear, or anxiety that interfere with daily activities. They include several different types of disorders, such as:

1. Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD): This is characterized by chronic and exaggerated worry and tension, even when there is little or nothing to provoke it.
2. Panic Disorder: This is characterized by recurring unexpected panic attacks and fear of experiencing more panic attacks.
3. Social Anxiety Disorder (SAD): Also known as social phobia, this is characterized by excessive fear, anxiety, or avoidance of social situations due to feelings of embarrassment, self-consciousness, and concern about being judged or viewed negatively by others.
4. Phobias: These are intense, irrational fears of certain objects, places, or situations. When a person with a phobia encounters the object or situation they fear, they may experience panic attacks or other severe anxiety responses.
5. Agoraphobia: This is a fear of being in places where it may be difficult to escape or get help if one has a panic attack or other embarrassing or incapacitating symptoms.
6. Separation Anxiety Disorder (SAD): This is characterized by excessive anxiety about separation from home or from people to whom the individual has a strong emotional attachment (such as a parent, sibling, or partner).
7. Selective Mutism: This is a disorder where a child becomes mute in certain situations, such as at school, but can speak normally at home or with close family members.

These disorders are treatable with a combination of medication and psychotherapy (cognitive-behavioral therapy, exposure therapy). It's important to seek professional help if you suspect that you or someone you know may have an anxiety disorder.

Mood disorders are a category of mental health disorders characterized by significant and persistent changes in mood, affect, and emotional state. These disorders can cause disturbances in normal functioning and significantly impair an individual's ability to carry out their daily activities. The two primary types of mood disorders are depressive disorders (such as major depressive disorder or persistent depressive disorder) and bipolar disorders (which include bipolar I disorder, bipolar II disorder, and cyclothymic disorder).

Depressive disorders involve prolonged periods of low mood, sadness, hopelessness, and a lack of interest in activities. Individuals with these disorders may also experience changes in sleep patterns, appetite, energy levels, concentration, and self-esteem. In severe cases, they might have thoughts of death or suicide.

Bipolar disorders involve alternating episodes of mania (or hypomania) and depression. During a manic episode, individuals may feel extremely elated, energetic, or irritable, with racing thoughts, rapid speech, and impulsive behavior. They might engage in risky activities, have decreased sleep needs, and display poor judgment. In contrast, depressive episodes involve the same symptoms as depressive disorders.

Mood disorders can be caused by a combination of genetic, biological, environmental, and psychological factors. Proper diagnosis and treatment, which may include psychotherapy, medication, or a combination of both, are essential for managing these conditions and improving quality of life.

Principles of Voice Production, Prentice Hall, ISBN 978-0-13-717893-3. (Voice disorders). ... Voice disorders are medical conditions involving abnormal pitch, loudness or quality of the sound produced by the larynx and ... papillomatosis Laryngitis Aphasia Dysphonia Human voice Laryngectomy Parkinson's disease Speech disorder Vocology Voice changes ...
Nehls N (1999). "Borderline personality disorder: the voice of patients". Res Nurs Health. 22 (4): 285-93. doi:10.1002/(SICI) ... Comorbid disorders, particularly substance use disorders, can complicate attempts to achieve remission. Psychotherapies and ... "Borderline Personality Disorder Medications - Learn More About Borderline Personality Disorder Medications". ... DBT can be based on a biosocial theory of personality functioning in which BPD is seen as a biological disorder of emotional ...
... campaigning voices. London: Karnac Books. ISBN 978-1-78220-134-2. Sinason, Valerie (2011). Attachment, Trauma and Multiplicity ... Body integrity dysphoria, sometimes also called body integrity identity disorder Dissociative identity disorder Gender ... an Identity problem would often be succeeded by a diagnosis of an actual disorder, such as a mood disorder or borderline ... Identity disorder in the DSM was first listed as a separate diagnosis in version III (1980). In the DSM-IV (1994), it was ...
Speech disorders refer to problems in producing the sounds of speech or with the quality of voice, where language disorders are ... and are subdivided into articulation disorders (also called phonetic disorders) and phonemic disorders. Articulation disorders ... Voice disorders are impairments, often physical, that involve the function of the larynx or vocal resonance. In some cases the ... Speech disorders or speech impairments are a type of communication disorder in which normal speech is disrupted. This can mean ...
Clinical Voice Disorders. Thieme, 2009. De Mul, Frits F M, Nibu A George, Qingjun Qiu, Gerhard Rakhorst, and Harm K Schutte. " ... Videokymography complements another visualization method known as videostroboscopy for early diagnostics of voice disorders and ... Therefore, examinations of irregular vibratory patterns that may be caused by a vocal disorder are not feasible by ... Aronson, Arnold Elvin; Bless, Diane M. (2009), Clinical voice disorders, Thieme, ISBN 9781588906625 ...
The Voice and Voice Therapy. Boston: Pearson. "Voice Disorders: Treatment". American Speech-Language-Hearing Association. ... Physiologic voice therapy may be adopted when the voice disorder is caused by a disturbance in the physiology of the vocal ... Symptomatic voice therapy aims to directly or indirectly modify the symptoms that are caused by a voice disorder. Techniques ... Hygienic Voice therapy uses different techniques which are used for both management and prevention for voice disorders. For ...
ASHA: Voice Disorders ASHA: Clinical Topics - Voice Disorders Overview (CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list, CS1 maint: ... Botox is a key treatment for voice disorders such as Spasmodic Dysphonia. Voice therapy is mainly used with patients who have ... Depending on the diagnosis and severity of the voice problem, and depending on the category that the voice disorder falls into ... "Describing Voice Disorders". In Damico J, Muller N, Ball MJ (eds.). Handbook of language and speech disorders. Chichester, U.K ...
ISBN 978-1-58890-443-0. Aronson, Arnold Elvin (2009). Clinical Voice Disorders. Thieme. p. 74. ISBN 978-1-58890-662-5. Schulte ... 12 Injury to the recurrent laryngeal nerves can result in a weakened voice (hoarseness) or loss of voice (aphonia) and cause ... Langmore SE (January 2001). Endoscopic Evaluation and Treatment of Swallowing Disorders. Thieme. ISBN 978-0-86577-838-2. Sañudo ... Cochrane Metabolic and Endocrine Disorders Group) (January 2019). "Intraoperative neuromonitoring versus visual nerve ...
ISBN 0-86388-489-X. Mathieson, Lesley (2001). Greene and Mathieson's The Voice and Its Disorders (6th ed.). London: Whurr. ISBN ... Estill Voice Training is a trademark of Estill Voice International, LLC. Power, Source and Filter: Estill Voice Training ... Clinical Voice Therapy: Dinah Harris, contributor to The Voice Clinic Handbook, recommends learning Estill Voice Training as it ... Estill Voice International governs the Estill Voice Training Certification Programme. There are three forms of Estill Voice ...
"Voice Disorders, ABC News". March 10, 2011. Retrieved January 24, 2012. "Callie Crossley Show". ... Zoubareva arranged a consultation with a renowned US voice instructor Dave Stroud. Impressed with Zoubareva's voice and ... Zoubareva is also a voice expert and a creator of the FitVoice program Born in Soviet Union and educated at Moscow State ... The lack of a comprehensive treatment in Russia resulted in ultimate loss of her voice which forced Zoubareva to quit Music ...
Treatment Voice Disorders. San Diego: Plural. pp. 3-20. ISBN 9781597560078. OCLC 63279542. Laitman JT, Reidenberg JS (1993). " ... Injury to one of the recurrent laryngeal nerves produces hoarseness, if both are damaged the voice may or may not be preserved ... Presbylarynx is a condition in which age-related atrophy of the soft tissues of the larynx results in weak voice and restricted ... The larynx (/ˈlærɪŋks/), commonly called the voice box, is an organ in the top of the neck involved in breathing, producing ...
Voice disorders Group of problems involving abnormal pitch, loudness, or quality of the sound produced by the larynx (voice box ... Throat disorders Disorders or diseases of the larynx (voice box), pharynx, or esophagus. Thyroplasty Surgical technique(s) to ... Laryngectomy Surgery to remove part or all of the larynx (voice box). Laryngitis Hoarse voice or the complete loss of the voice ... Hoarseness Abnormally rough or harsh-sounding voice caused by vocal abuse and other disorders such as gastroesophageal reflux, ...
While the excessive use of fry could result in a diagnosis of voice disorder, this quality is too often heard in normal voices ... voice Creaky voice Death growl Throat singing Glottal stop Harsh voice High rising terminal Overtone singing Sexy baby voice ... Greene, Margaret; Lesley Mathieson (2001). The Voice and its Disorders. John Wiley & Sons; 6th Edition. ISBN 978-1-86156-196-1 ... The Voice and its Disorders.[page needed] Cooper, Morton (1973). Modern Techniques of Vocal Rehabilitation Lindsey, Geoff ( ...
ISBN 978-0-8020-8614-3. Aronson, Arnold Elvin; Bless, Diane M. (2009). Clinical Voice Disorders (4th ed.). New York: Thieme ... The soubrette voice is not a weak voice, for it must carry over an orchestra without a microphone like all voices in opera. The ... A soprano ([soˈpraːno]) is a type of classical female singing voice and has the highest vocal range of all voice types. The ... In opera, the tessitura, vocal weight, and timbre of voices, and the roles they sing, are commonly categorized into voice types ...
Greene, Margaret; Lesley Mathieson (2001). The Voice and its Disorders. John Wiley & Sons; 6th Edition. ISBN 978-1-86156-196-1 ... Chest voice Head voice Human voice Register (music) Register (phonology) Vocal resonation Large, John (February-March 1972). " ... "Voice Registers: Chest, head and other voices at". Retrieved 2017-09-26. Van den Berg, J.W ... The falsetto voice is also more limited in dynamic variation and tone quality than the modal voice. The whistle register is the ...
"Medical Care of Voice Disorders". In Eidsheim NS, Meisel K (eds.). The Oxford Handbook of Voice Studies. New York, NY: Oxford ... Many viral infections that cause tonsillitis will also cause cough, runny nose, hoarse voice, or blistering in the mouth or ... Stadelman-Cohen TK, Hillman RE (2019). "Voice Dysfunction and Recovery". In Welch GF, Howard DM, Nix J (eds.). The Oxford ... ISBN 978-0-9748327-6-0. Sommers M, Fannin E (2015). Diseases & Disorders: A Nursing Therapeutics Manual (5th ed.). F.A. Davis ...
"Voice & Swallowing Center - Voice Disorders". Archived from the original on 2012-01-15. Retrieved 2013-03-25 ... Vocal abuse: Vocal abuse is the misuse or overuse of the voice in an unhealthy fashion such as clearing the throat, yelling, ... "Sound Advice: Your guide to a strong, clear, easy voice". Archived from the original on 2018-03-31. Seely, J ... "Common Medical Diagnoses and Treatments in Professional Voice Users". Archived from the original on October 9, ...
Vocal Cord / Voice Disorder Community - Online Support Photo Library at (CS1 maint: multiple names ... Rubin, John S.; Sataloff, Robert T.; Korovin, Gwen S. (2014-05-01). Diagnosis and treatment of voice disorders. Rubin, John S ... Vocal fold nodule Verdolini, Katherine; Rosen, Clark A; Branski, Ryan C (2005). Classification manual for voice disorders-I. ... Voice therapy is then required to restore as much function as possible. Post-operative voice therapy may include addressing ...
Videokymography Human voice Voice disorders Mehta DD, Hillman RE. Current role of stroboscopy in laryngeal imaging. Curr Opin ... This poses a problem to clinicians because abnormalities in these movements are often indicative of a voice disorder. ... This process is called phonation and produces the sound of the human voice. During phonation, the vocal folds open and close ... A basic protocol for functional assessment of voice pathology, especially for investigating the efficacy of (phonosurgical) ...
Articles with short description, Short description matches Wikidata, Human voice, Medical terminology, Voice disorders, ... Some examples include expressive language disorder, receptive-expressive language disorder, phonologic disorder, and stuttering ... "The Impact of Voice Disorders Among Teachers: Vocal Complaints, Treatment-Seeking Behavior, Knowledge of Vocal Care, and Voice- ... Bogart-Bacall syndrome (BBS) is a voice disorder that is caused by abuse or overuse of the vocal cords. People who speak or ...
Greene, Margaret Cicely Langton; Lesley Mathieson (2001). The Voice and its Disorders (6th ed.). London; Philadelphia: Whurr; ... It has been demonstrated electrographically in the form of "voice-prints" that, like fingerprints, no two voices are exactly ... with male voices nearer the lower limit and female voices nearer the upper. This attribute is identified as brilliance, or more ... The voice, like all acoustic instruments such as the guitar, trumpet, piano, or violin, has its own special chambers for ...
ISBN 978-0-8258-0055-9. Greene, Margaret; Lesley Mathieson (2001). The Voice and its Disorders (6E ed.). John Wiley & Sons. ... To sing or speak above this pitch level the voice must adopt a new phonatory pattern to change registers. Voice (phonetics) ... many supposedly-voiced obstruents do not usually have modal voice. In speech pathology, the modal register is one of the four ... Modal voice is the vocal register used most frequently in speech and singing in most languages. It is also the term used in ...
Mathieson's The Voice and Its Disorders (6th edition)". Topics in Language Disorders. 23 (1): 68-69. doi:10.1097/00011363- ... The Voice and its Disorders 1960. Learning to Talk. A guide for parents. London, William Heinemann. "RCSLT Honours Roll Call". ... In 1957 Greene published The Voice and its Disorders, which represented a major contribution to the clinical assessment and ... Greene and Mathieson's the voice and its disorders. WorldCat. OCLC 247904975. Retrieved 20 October 2018. "Afasic - how did it ...
... voice disorders. Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 2008;139:329 Franco G. Work-related musculoskeletal disorders. A lesson from the ... Epidemiology 2010;21:577-579 Franco G. Health disorders and ergonomic concerns from the use of microscope: A voice from the ... Ramazzini, Bernardino (1 September 2001). "VOICES FROM THE PAST - De Morbis Artificum Diatriba (Diseases of Workers)". Am J ... Bernardino Ramazzini's early observations of the link between musculoskeletal disorders and ergonomic factors. Appl Ergonom ...
He turned to the voice and speech disorders, and went to Hermann Gutzmann Sr. [de] in Berlin and, on his return to Vienna in ... In 1913 he published his textbook of speech and voice, which contributed to the recognition of voice and voice therapy in ... He taught voice and voice therapy at the teacher training institute and at the conservatory.[citation needed] He was a member ... Speech and Voice Disorders (Stammering, Stuttering, etc.)). Verlag Julius Springer, Berlin 1929 Methoden zur Untersuchung der ...
Schwartz SK (2004). The source for voice disorders : adolescent & adult. East Moline, IL: LinguiSystems. ISBN 978-0-7606-0504-2 ... post-traumatic stress disorder, panic attacks, factitious disorder and adjustment disorder. It is important to note that ... including conversion disorder, major depression, obsessive-compulsive disorder, anxiety (especially in adolescents), stress ( ... Many of the symptoms are not limited to the disorder, as they may resemble a number of conditions that affect the upper and ...
"Patient Voices: Bipolar Disorder". The New York Times. Retrieved 24 June 2020. BET Staff (12 March 2020). "Future 40: Kenidra ... Bipolar disorder, Schizophrenia, Obsessive-compulsive disorder in non-fiction literature, Advocacy groups). ... The play consists of autobiographical accounts of mental illness from people diagnosed with mental health disorders, the family ... Amy Chillag; Sanjay Gupta (29 January 2016). "Actress fights bipolar disorder stigma with comedy". CNN. Retrieved 24 June 2020 ...
Management of Voice Disorders. Springer-Science+Business Media, B.V. ISBN 978-1-4899-2903-7. Fawcus, Margaret. Voice Disorders ... Clinical Voice Disorders. The management of voice disorders. Morrison, M. D. (Murray D.) (1st ed.). London: Chapman & Hall ... "juvenile voice" or "little girl's voice" rather than puberphonia). Puberphonia is a functional voice disorder[citation needed ... is a functional voice disorder that is characterized by the habitual use of a high-pitched voice after puberty, hence why many ...
A common misdiagnosis is muscle tension dysphonia, a functional voice disorder which results from use of the voice, rather than ... Spasmodic dysphonia, also known as laryngeal dystonia, is a disorder in which the muscles that generate a person's voice go ... SD is classified as a neurological disorder. However, because the voice can sound normal or near normal at times, some ... Spasmodic dysphonia can also be misdiagnosed as voice tremor. The movements that are found in this disorder are typically ...
Voice disorders, Vocal fold disorders, Lesion, Health risks of performing arts). ... One of the major perceptual signs of vocal fold nodules is a change in the quality of the voice. The voice may be perceived as ... 2014). "Vocal Fold Nodules (Nodes, Singer's Nodes, Screamer's Nodes". Classification Manual for Voice Disorders-I. Psychology ... Furthermore, recommendations for voice professionals include warm-up and cool-down exercises for the voice to reduce strain. ...
Principles of Voice Production, Prentice Hall, ISBN 978-0-13-717893-3. (Voice disorders). ... Voice disorders are medical conditions involving abnormal pitch, loudness or quality of the sound produced by the larynx and ... papillomatosis Laryngitis Aphasia Dysphonia Human voice Laryngectomy Parkinsons disease Speech disorder Vocology Voice changes ...
Overusing your vocal cords can lead to various voice disorders such as polyps, nodules or sores on the cords. These signs may ... Treatment for voice disorders varies depending on the cause. Most voice problems can be successfully treated when diagnosed ... URL of this page: Voice Disorders Also called: Vocal disorders ... Voice Disorders is the National Institute on Deafness and Other Communication Disorders ...
A number of different neurologic disorders can cause changes in voice and/or swallowing function. ... Common neurologic disorders affecting voice include:. Spasmodic dysphonia: This disorder primarily affects the voice and not ... Voice and Swallowing Impact from Neurologic Disorders Treatment. If your symptoms are mainly voice related, your treatment team ... What impact do neurologic disorders have on voice and swallowing function?. A number of different neurologic disorders can ...
ASAPP is a non-profit organization that provides a roster of private practice SLPs for the public.. ...
Human voice production involves the synchronization of optimal glottic positioning with the control of the airflow from the ... encoded search term (Functional Voice Disorders) and Functional Voice Disorders What to Read Next on Medscape ... Functional voice disorders may account for up to 40% of the cases of dysphonia referred to a multidisciplinary voice clinic. [2 ... Etiologic voice therapy focuses on recognition and elimination of the cause of the voice disorder, which may be multifaceted. ...
Definitions of intelligence have traditionally been rooted in literacy competence. In this article, the authors examine two historical examples where societal prejudices and institutional forces worked to limit and regulate access to literacy. The first example illustrates how racism and denial of competence were so profoundly linked and established in 18th century America that author and poet Phyllis Wheatley was forced to go before a tribunal to demonstrate her faculties. The second example concerns Helen Keller. She too was, on more than one occasion, presumed a fraud and had her literacy interrogated. The authors then identify contemporary instances of societal monitoring of who may be literate, drawing especially on experiences of individuals classified as autistic. Based upon these examples, the authors examine the connection between perceptions of communicative competence and understandings of intelligence and mental retardation ...
Communication Sciences and Disorders (CSD), John A. Burns School of Medicine Contemporary development and theoretical issues in ... the diagnosis, evaluation, and treatment of vocal system disorders in children and adults; current literature and clinical ...
Heres what its like to hear voices and how I manage hearing voices in schizoaffective disorder. ... Tags: hearing voices what its like to hear voices APA Reference. Caudy, E. (2015, January 13). Schizoaffective Disorder and ... So are my voices.. I Know the Voices I Hear Arent Real. When Im with people who I feel safe telling that Im hearing voices, ... I ve hear voices in a Male voice , at first it was really mean . But after a while it changed from that to a female voice and ...
Assistant Professor of Surgery (Otolaryngology); Director of Voice Center at Greenwich Hospital, Otolaryngology Surgery; ...
Approximately one in 50 children is diagnosed with Autism Spectrum Disorder. Many of these families report that they feel ... CP Voices , Saturday, April 27, 2019. 5 things your church can do now to reach out to families with sensory, autistic disorders ... CP VOICES do not necessarily reflect the views of The Christian Post. Opinions expressed are solely those of the author(s). ... Approximately one in 50 children is diagnosed with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD), and some sources say the number of children ...
Mott Childrens Hospital provides comprehensive care for children with voice disorders. ... What are voice disorders?. Many voice disorders are associated with symptoms of hoarseness, raspiness, what may seem like a " ... A childs voice disorder may significantly impair a childs ability to be heard and understood, due to the voice disorder ... Treatments for voice disorders. Whether your childs voice disorder is the result of a congenital malformation, injury or the ...
Podcast Episode 2 - Coronavirus and Eating Disorders: Voices from around the world. For our latest podcast, we spoke with staff ... Podcast Episode 2 - Coronavirus and Eating Disorders: Voices from around the world. ... in five eating disorder organisations around the world about their experiences of supporting people during Covid-19. You can ...
Substance Use Disorders (Drugs and Alcohol) People struggling with a mental health condition can be susceptible to using drugs ... Substance use disorders are differentiated as being mild, moderate or severe based on a variety of factors which include but ...
Voice Disorders are typically caused by disruptive structural changes in the vocal cords of the larynx (voice box). The changes ... Teachers have previously been identified as a group of voice professionals for whom the risk of voice disorders is high. ... Assessing the Causes of Voice Disorders in Teachers, Sims.S. Background: Approximately one-third of the global work force ... Objectives: The aim of this research is to identify and compare risk factors for voice disorders amongst teachers in an urban ...
A digital version of the text you can personalize and read online or offline. If your instructor has invited you to join a specific Pearson eTextbook course for your class, you will need to purchase your eText through the course invite link they provide. Discover ...
Conclusion: Voice quality is affected by thyroid disease. Thyroid gland disorders cause minor changes in acoustic voice ... The criterion for the selection of the patients was a thyroid gland disorder medical diagnosis, no history of voice disorders ... Cite this article as: Junuzović-Žunić L, Ibrahimagić A, Altumbabić S. Voice Characteristics in Patients with Thyroid Disorders ... This study investigated acoustic and perceptual characteristics of the voice of patients with thyroid gland disorders such as ...
Assessing Chronic Stress, Coping Skills, and Mood Disorders through Speech Analysis: A Self-Assessment Voice App for Laptops ... and Mood Disorders through Speech Analysis: A Self-Assessment Voice App for Laptops, Tablets, and Smartphones. ... in subjects of the general population in the broader context of mood disorders. Our easy-to-use "voice app" evaluates sequences ... in subjects of the general population in the broader context of mood disorders. Our easy-to-use "voice app" evaluates sequences ...
My Postpartum Voice. Speaking up, Reaching out, Inspiring Hope. Menu. Skip to content *Home ... Anxiety Disorders Perinatal Mood Disorders postpartum depression Postpartum Mood Disorder Postpartum Mood Disorders Postpartum ... Category Archives: Postpartum Thyroid Disorder. NIMH Gets Failing Grade for Perinatal Mood & Anxiety Disorder Chat Leave a ... Postpartum Thyroid Disorder, public awareness and tagged Bacon, non-profit donation, Postpartum Mood & Anxiety Disorders, ...
Finally, it relates what we know about SDOHs, toxic stress and trauma to voice disorders and emphasizes how trauma-informed ... This paper is a tutorial on trauma-informed voice care. It reviews the literature on adverse childhood experiences and ... This paper serves as a call for more research on SDOHs and voice disorders. There is also a call for universal practice of ... Finally, it relates what we know about SDOHs, toxic stress and trauma to voice disorders and emphasizes how trauma-informed ...
Voice-supported Electronic Health Record for Temporomandibular Joint Disorders ... Voice-supported Electronic Health Record for Temporomandibular Joint Disorders Autor:. Hippman R. ; Dostálová T. ; Zvárová J ... Voice-supported Electronic Health Record for Temporomandibular Joint Disorders . Methods of Information in Medicine, vol. 49, p ... Voice-supported Electronic Health Record for Temporomandibular Joint Disorders}, year = {2010}, publisher = {Schattauer GmBH - ...
Videos for Common Voice Disorders Mary Greeley Medical Center Grand Rounds August 12, 2015 Hoffman Slide 01 Common Voice ... Two month trial of voice therapy unsuccesful. Voice is hoarse "90% of the time" with occasional period of clearer voicing ... Videos for Common Voice Disorders Mary Greeley Medical Center Grand Rounds August 12, 2015 Hoffman. Slide 01 Common Voice ... Slide 09 Common Voice Disorders Muscle Tension Dysphonia last modified on: Tue, 03/06/2018 - 13:41. return to: Botulinum Toxin ...
Did you know that teaching is the occupation at the highest risk for voice disorders? Over 50% of teachers will have a voice ... disorder during their career. Click below for tips on protecting your voice. ... Common Voice Disorders in Children. What voice disorders commonly occur in children? ...
What is a Voice Disorder? Our voice is a large part of our identity; we use our voices as a tool to represent ourselves, to ... Voice disorders may sound different from person to person. But, if your voice feels very effortful to produce, or sounds ... Baker J. Psychogenic voice disorders and traumatic stress experience: a discussion paper with two case reports. J Voice. 2003 ... with a mild voice disorder may experience a greater impact compared to a computer software engineer with a mild voice disorder ...
This is the first article in a three-part series on voice disorders. One of the most common questions an adult hears is, ... the expense of a voice disorder is. In the United States, it is estimated that the cost of a voice disorder in teachers only is ... So what can a person with a voice disorder do? This blog series will examine the journey a person with a voice disorder takes, ... then a person may have a voice disorder. A voice disorder sounds different for each person, and may depend on the underlying ...
Voice Disorders Update. MedlinePlus sent this bulletin at 11/15/2017 01:10 PM EST. New on the MedlinePlus Voice Disorders page: ...
... good voice health is essential. These same individuals tend to put more strain on their vocal cords. Even… ... 715) 828-236 , Keeping your voice healthy will ensure you are able to communicate properly, and for some people who rely on it ... Symptoms of a voice disorder include a hoarse, raspy or weak voice; decreased range in pitch, volume and projection; vocal ... Common Voice Problems. The majority of voice disorders are related to conditions that can be treated. They infrequently ...
Common Voice disorders Speaking is a physical task that require coordination of breathing with the use of several muscles ... there are efficient and inefficient ways of using your voice. Excessively loud, prolonged and/or efficient voice can lead to ... record_voice_over Ms Manju S Sr. Audiologist & Speech Language Pathologist, NISH ... Voice misuse and over use puts you at risk for developing vocal cord hemorrhage. ...
Our speech therapy voice disorders worksheets will help your clients enhance their communication abilities in a professional or ... Why Our Speech Therapy Voice Disorders Worksheets?. Our speech therapy voice disorders worksheets are designed to help speech ... Home / Speech Therapy Worksheets: Resources for Speech Therapists / Voice Disorders Worksheets. Voice Disorders Worksheets. ... Our speech therapy voice disorders worksheets can be downloaded and used instantly, giving you or your clients the ability to ...
Disorders. Nonorganic Voice Disorder A persistent voice change found not to be infectious, irritative, neurogenic, or the ... Airway disorders. Nonorganic Breathing Disorder, Laryngeal Laryngeal nonorganic breathing disorder is when a persons vocal ... Disorders. Vocal Fry Dysphonia Vocal fry dysphonia is an abnormal production of voice during speaking, generating vocal fry (" ... Disorders. Vocal "vincibility" Syndrome Vocal "vincibility" syndrome is to believe mistakenly that ones voice is inadequate to ...
  • Many voice disorders are associated with symptoms of hoarseness, raspiness, what may seem like a "weak and breathy" voice, and various asthma-like symptoms. (
  • For example, hoarseness, increased vocal effort or limitations in pitch and loudness may be a sign of any number of disorders. (
  • Symptoms may include any of the following: hoarseness, shortness of breath, harsh or rough voice, breathy voice, decrease in pitch range, decrease in loudness, deterioration of the voice as the day goes by, loss of voice, increased strain to speak, tension in neck muscles. (
  • All cause hoarseness and a breathy voice. (
  • People who use their voice professionally may experience voice disorders manifesting as hoarseness or breathiness, lowered vocal pitch, vocal fatigue, nonproductive cough, persistent throat clearing, and/or throat ache. (
  • Voice disorders are medical conditions involving abnormal pitch, loudness or quality of the sound produced by the larynx and thereby affecting speech production. (
  • Our speech-language pathologist will work with your child to evaluate voice characteristics such as roughness, breathiness, strain, pitch and loudness, and assess how well your child is using related systems such as breathing, or respiratory effort, to produce voice. (
  • Acoustic assessments: digital recording of your child's voice to allow objective measurement of different aspects of voice such as variation in pitch and loudness over time. (
  • However, issues can arise with a person's voice - in quality, pitch or loudness. (
  • But, if your voice feels very effortful to produce, or sounds different from your baseline voice in quality, pitch and loudness, you may want to get assessed by a Speech-Language Pathologist or let your family physician know. (
  • Compared to breathing quietly with no voice production, breathing to speak requires much more support and control so that sentences can be completed with adequate breath support and loudness. (
  • Voice disorder can be defined as a problem involving abnormal pitch, loudness or quality of the sound produced by the larynx, more commonly known as the voice box. (
  • LingWAVES is an exceptional computer-based real-time visualization tool for voice and speech characteristics like voicing/voice onset, loudness (intensity), articulation/coarticulation and prosody, designed with affection and care. (
  • When hoarse, the voice may sound raspy, breathy, strained, or you may notice changes in volume (loudness) or pitch (how high or low the voice is). (
  • These include: Vocal fold nodules Vocal fold cysts Vocal cord paresis Reinke's edema Spasmodic dysphonia Foreign accent syndrome Bogart-Bacall syndrome Laryngeal papillomatosis Laryngitis Aphasia Dysphonia Human voice Laryngectomy Parkinson's disease Speech disorder Vocology Voice changes during puberty Titze, I.R. (1994). (
  • Vocal cord paralysis/paresis - usually caused by an injury or lesion in the nerve to the vocal cord (the recurrent laryngeal nerve), or affecting central nervous system controls for voice production. (
  • When we produce voice, the laryngeal muscles bring the vocal folds together at the midline. (
  • Laryngeal nonorganic breathing disorder is when a person's vocal cords partially or fully close during breathing, which causes noisy breathing. (
  • Strobovideolaryngoscopy (including rigid and flexible endoscopy) is a laryngeal imaging procedure that may be used by otolaryngologists and other voice professionals as a diagnostic procedure. (
  • Physicians are the only professionals qualified and licensed to render medical diagnoses related to the identification of laryngeal pathology as it affects voice. (
  • Overview of Laryngeal Disorders The larynx contains the vocal cords and serves as the opening to the tracheobronchial tree. (
  • A 27-year-old woman presented to the voice clinic with symptoms of loss of voice for a 4-month period. (
  • Specifically, the "voice app" provides users with stress-related "biofeedback" and can help to identify that 10-15% subgroup of the general population that exhibits insufficient coping skills under chronic stress and may benefit from early detection and intervention prior to developing clinically relevant symptoms. (
  • Severity of the voice symptoms varies according to the disorder and the individual. (
  • A child's voice disorder may significantly impair a child's ability to be heard and understood, due to the voice disorder itself or in combination with a speech and articulation difficulty. (
  • Our voice disorders worksheets will help your clients improve: Vocal hygiene, adjusting pitch, resonance issues, articulation and speech clarity, and more. (
  • Clinical focus is on assessment, planning and implementation of treatment procedures of articulation and language disorders. (
  • Articulation and Phonological Disorders. (
  • The causes, development, assessment and management techniques for articulation and phonological disorders. (
  • A 6'2" tall, 20-year-old man presented to the voice clinic experiencing a harsh, hoarse voice that "cut out" on him intermittently. (
  • Voice is hoarse "90% of the time" with occasional period of clearer voicing lasting minutes to hours. (
  • There is growing amount of scientific evidence that motor activity is the most consistent indicator of bipolar disorder. (
  • Studies of motor activity in bipolar disorder have typically used self-reported questionnaires with clinical observer-rated scales, which are therefore subjective and have often limited effectiveness. (
  • This paper introduces a system able to classify the state of patients suffering from bipolar disorder using sensed information from smartphones. (
  • In this research we evaluated the performance of several classifiers, different sets of features and the role of the questionnaires for classifying bipolar disorder episodes. (
  • To our knowledge, no research to date has focused on naturalistic observation of day-to-day phone conversation to classify impaired life functioning in individuals with bipolar disorder. (
  • A Blood Test to Diagnose Bipolar Disorder? (
  • Voice is the sound made by air passing from your lungs through your larynx, or voice box. (
  • Your voice is the sound produced by vibration of your vocal folds, or vocal cords, in the larynx, also known as your voice box. (
  • Sometimes these conditions are referred to as disorders of the larynx or voice box disorders. (
  • Voice Disorders are typically caused by disruptive structural changes in the vocal cords of the larynx (voice box). (
  • Multiple muscles in the larynx control and adjust the vocal folds for breathing and producing voice. (
  • Our team specializes in the diagnosis and management of speech and language disorders in children. (
  • Assessment and Management of Language Disorders. (
  • Increasing the proportion of children with voice, swallowing, speech, or language disorders who receive intervention services is a Healthy People 2020 goal. (
  • A disproportionately high number of children with neurologic disorders died from influenza-related complications during the 2009 H1N1 pandemic, according to a study by scientists with the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (
  • The report in the journal Pediatrics underscores the importance of influenza vaccination to protect children with neurologic disorders. (
  • Of the children with neurologic disorders for whom information on vaccination status was available, only 21 (23 percent) had received the seasonal influenza vaccine and 2 (3 percent) were fully vaccinated for 2009 H1N1. (
  • However, the high percentage of pediatric deaths associated with neurologic disorders that occurred during the 2009 H1N1 pandemic was a somber reminder of the harm that flu can cause to children with neurologic and neurodevelopmental disorders. (
  • The most commonly reported complications for children with neurologic disorders in this study were influenza-associated pneumonia and acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). (
  • The partnering organizations are working to coordinate communication activities with their constituents, which include parents and caregivers, primary care clinicians, developmental pediatricians and neurologists in hopes to increase awareness about flu prevention and treatment in children with neurologic disorders. (
  • The journal Vaccination published a study looking at the influenza (flu) vaccination practices of parents and healthcare providers who provide care for children with Neurologic or Neurodevelopmental Disorders (NNDDs). (
  • Read the abstract of the article, Influenza vaccination in children with neurologic or neurodevelopmental disorders. (
  • 1993). Definitions of communication disorders and variations [Relevant Paper]. (
  • Behavioral treatment (voice therapy) is another option for treating spasmodic dysphonia, according to the National Institute on Deafness and Other Communication Disorders . (
  • Timely receipt of intervention services is shown to be effective for treatment of communication disorders. (
  • Using data from the 2012 National Health Interview Survey, this report gives the percentage of U.S. children aged 3-17 years who had communication disorders of speech, language, voice, or swallowing. (
  • Healthy People 2020 Hearing and Other Sensory or Communication Disorders: methods, data resources, and prevalence estimates for measuring progress towards achieving objectives. (
  • This report describes new methods, baseline measures, and resulting estimates that are being used to track HP 2020 objectives for hearing and other sensory or communication disorders. (
  • Objective: Report on HP 2020 objectives and describe innovative assessment procedures for tracking objectives in the " Hearing and Other Sensory or Communication Disorders" topic area. (
  • Experienced speech and language pathologists made perceptual voice assessment by using grade, roughness, breathiness, asthenia, and strain (GRBAS) scale. (
  • Tremor: Tremor of the throat or vocal cords can cause changes that make the voice sound "shaky" or unsteady, and it may overlap with the diagnosis of spasmodic dysphonia. (
  • Functional voice disorders may account for up to 40% of the cases of dysphonia referred to a multidisciplinary voice clinic. (
  • Following these events, the patient was diagnosed with a dysphonia and a conversion voice disorder. (
  • Sudden onset of dysphonia beginning 8 months ago upon awakening in the morning with a severely raspy voice. (
  • Voice Therapy is the primary management strategy for muscle tension dysphonia. (
  • The differential diagnosis of muscle tension dysphonia includes other movement disorders that can present in a similar fashion including spasmodic dysphonia and vocal tremor. (
  • 2005). The use of voice therapy in the treatment of dysphonia [Technical Report]. (
  • Vocal fry dysphonia is an abnormal production of voice during speaking, generating vocal fry ("pulse register") phonation with only the true vocal cords. (
  • Robert F. Kennedy Jr. has "spasmodic dysphonia, a specific form of an involuntary movement disorder called dystonia that affects only the voice box," according to ABC News . (
  • Currently, the "best guess spasmodic dysphonia experts have… is that root of the neurological disorder lies in the basal ganglia," which is frequently referred to as the "processing area" of the brain. (
  • Fortunately, groups like Dysphonia International are "dedicated to improving the lives of people affected by spasmodic dysphonia and related voice conditions through research, education, awareness, and support," according to their website. (
  • Research focuses on diagnostics in functional dysphonia in collaboration with Michigan State University and on AI based solutions for voice care and for voice as a biomarker for health in collaboration with the Faculty of Engineering at LU and VoiceDiagnostic Sweden AB. (
  • What Causes an Eating Disorder? (
  • For our latest podcast, we spoke with staff in five eating disorder organisations around the world about their experiences of supporting people during Covid-19. (
  • Eight years after beginning 'treatment' for an 'eating disorder', I was eating worse than ever. (
  • I Didn't Believe I had an Eating Disorder. (
  • Objectives: To identify support of structured data entry for an electronic health record application in temporomandibular joint disorders. (
  • Results: The use of DentVoice, an application which consists of the electronic health record MUDRLite and the voice-controlled interactive component DentCross, to collect dental information required by temporomandibular joint disorders is shown. (
  • Approximately one in 50 children is diagnosed with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD), and some sources say the number of children struggling with Sensory Processing Disorder (SPD) is as high as one in 20. (
  • It gives patients either a strained or breathy voice, depending on which vocal cord muscles are dominantly affected, and may greatly affect the patient's ability to communicate with others. (
  • What impact do neurologic disorders have on voice and swallowing function? (
  • A number of different neurologic disorders can cause changes in voice and/or swallowing function. (
  • Johns Hopkins laryngologists deliver state-of-the-art care for voice, swallowing and airway disorders to help you feel your best. (
  • The survey included one question about voice problems, estimating the extent of occurrence of voice problems, excluding voice problems during colds/upper airway infections. (
  • The patient subsequently developed a compensating hyperfunctional voice component and presented to the voice clinic for evaluation. (
  • A 59-year-old woman with a history of asthma was seen for voice evaluation due to a harsh, strident voice with intermittent voice loss. (
  • Perceptual assessments: standardized procedures for perceptual evaluation of voice quality. (
  • A collection of encyclopedia entries relating to nonorganic & functional voice disorders. (
  • Thirdly, we implemented the model along with the underlying methods and normative data in a self-assessment "voice app" for laptops, tablets, and smartphones. (
  • The self-assessment "voice app" was realized in modular form so that additional languages can simply be "plugged-in", once the respective normative data become available. (
  • We have successfully developed and tested a self-assessment CSA method that can monitor transitions from "normal" to "affected" in subjects of the general population in the broader context of mood disorders. (
  • At SVS we use LingWAVES which is one of the top assessment tools to assess our patients' voice. (
  • Completion of 25 observation hours of therapy and diagnostic assessment in the areas of speech, language, voice, fluency, and hearing are required. (
  • Assessment and Management of Fluency Disorders. (
  • Treatment for voice disorders varies depending on the cause. (
  • Lee Silverman Voice Treatment is an evidence-based voice therapy program for Parkinson's disease. (
  • This will help in determining the severity of the voice disorder, and in developing an appropriate plan for treatment if needed. (
  • Whether your child's voice disorder is the result of a congenital malformation, injury or the side effect of an illness, our comprehensive approach allows us to develop a treatment plan that addresses your child's unique needs. (
  • Conclusions: The DentVoice application with the DentCross component showed the practical ability of the temporomandibular joint disorder treatment support. (
  • An ENT or laryngologist can help identify underlying medical conditions such as upper respiratory infections, acid reflux, tobacco smoke, hormones, vocal nodules, neurological diseases, and tumors, and make a treatment plan for improving your voice and communication. (
  • The Speech-Language Pathologists at SVS are well trained in variety of voice treatment methods such as the accent method, Vocal Function exercises and breathing exercises. (
  • Strobovideolaryngoscopy may also be used as a therapeutic aid and biofeedback tool during the conduct of voice treatment. (
  • CDC is joining with the American Academy of Pediatrics, Families Fighting Flu and Family Voices to spread the message about the importance of influenza vaccination and treatment in these children. (
  • Teachers have previously been identified as a group of voice professionals for whom the risk of voice disorders is high. (
  • One hundred forty-six children (64 percent) had a neurologic disorder such as cerebral palsy, intellectual disability, or epilepsy. (
  • Muscle tension in voicing may be primary (as above) or - less commonly - adaptive to incomplete glottic closure (such as occurs with vocal cord paresis or bowing). (
  • What voice disorders commonly occur in children? (
  • Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is the most commonly diagnosed child psychiatric disorder in the world. (
  • Typically, an individual with this syndrome becomes progressively averse to voice use. (
  • Individuals with BPD often engage in a variety of risky behaviors (e.g., non-suicidal self-injury, suicide attempts, substance abuse, risky sexual behaviors) that can be understood as both causes and perpetuators of the chaos typically associated with this disorder. (
  • Vocal cord nodules - thickened areas on the vocal folds that usually are caused by voice overuse. (
  • characteristics of voice deviation, causes, evaluating techniques and management procedures for common voice problems and speech disorders such as cleft palate, cerebral palsy and laryngectomy. (
  • the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Administration (SAMHSA) found that 1 in 12 American adults (over 18 million) had a substance use disorder in 2017. (
  • Puberphonia is the inappropriate persistence of higher-pitched prepubertal voice long after puberty and normal voice change. (
  • People develop voice problems for many reasons, from misusing their vocal cords, allergies, neurological problem, surgeries such as thyroidectomy or heart bypasw to cancer. (
  • Continued abuse can lead to permanent voice damage and a number of serious medical issues such as chronic laryngitis, polyps, cysts and vocal fold swelling. (
  • Continued abuse can lead to permanent voice damage and a number of serious medical issues such as laryngitis, polyps, cysts and vocal fold swelling. (
  • This disorder primarily affects the voice and not swallowing function. (
  • When illness or disease affects your voice, it can change the pitch, volume and quality of sound. (
  • Often, patients already have a diagnosis from a neurologist and are referred to a laryngologist to be evaluated for interventions that can help with their voice or swallowing. (
  • Occasionally, a voice or swallowing problem can be the first or only symptom of a neurologic condition. (
  • This neurologic disease is characterized by tremor and muscle weakness/slowness, both of which can affect voice and swallowing. (
  • Changes following a stroke range from minor problems from which a patient can fully recover all the way to profound voice and swallowing changes (including complete loss of some muscles that control the vocal cords and swallowing), depending on the areas of the brain and brainstem that were affected. (
  • Not all Speech Pathologists are similarly equipped with the appropriate management skills in that some focus on childhood disorders (e.g.stuttering), others on elderly stroke patients (e.g.swallowing) and still others on professional voice (vocology). (
  • Having a voice or swallowing concern? (
  • Last week, a friend of mine tagged me in a link on FB to give me a heads up about a NIMH chat this week about Perinatal Mood Disorders. (
  • Vocal overdoer syndrome is a term coined by Dr. Anat Keidar and Dr. Bastian 1 to designate an individual whose amount and manner of voice use can be considered excessive and to thereby put the person at risk of mucosal injury. (
  • CDC, the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP), Family Voices, and Families Fighting Flu recognize the need to communicate with care takers about the potential for severe outcomes in these children if they are infected with flu. (
  • The American Academy of Pediatrics, Families Fighting Flu and Family Voices were all natural partners when we thought about how to reach as many key people as possible with this message," Dr. Peacock adds. (
  • This work was a joint effort of disability researchers from CDC, American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP), Family Voices, and Oak Ridge Institute for Science and Education (ORISE). (
  • Voice Characteristics in Patie. (
  • This study investigated acoustic and perceptual characteristics of the voice of patients with thyroid gland disorders such as hypothyroidism and hyperthyroidism immediately after the diagnosis was made and six months later, after using drug therapy. (
  • Junuzović-Žunić L, Ibrahimagić A, Altumbabić S. Voice Characteristics in Patients with Thyroid Disorders. (
  • Computerized speech analysis (CSA) is a powerful method that allows one to assess stress-induced mood disturbances and affective disorders through repeated measurements of speaking behavior and voice sound characteristics. (
  • In a first step, we developed a multivariate model to assess affective state and stress-induced bodily reactions through speaking behavior and voice sound characteristics. (
  • The data showed that speaking behavior and voice sound characteristics can be quantified in a reproducible and language-independent way. (
  • It provides a visual biofeedback of quantitative and qualitative characteristics of a patient's voice/speech and therefore contributes to the enhancement of a patient's self-perception and motivation. (
  • Intensity of voice violence. (
  • Patients often report that their voice is worse when speaking on the telephone or when they are anxious or nervous and more normal when laughing or singing. (
  • Many patients notice that their voice becomes weak and tremulous. (
  • Thyroid gland disorders cause minor changes in acoustic voice parameters of patients with hypothyroidism and hyperthyroidism, but perceptual deviations in these patients are especially noticeable. (
  • The question was tested for validity and reliability in n = 166 voice healthy individuals and n = 183 patients with benign voice lesions. (
  • Early detection and diagnosis of voice disorders in children is important to support speech and language development and optimal communication. (
  • While a diagnosis of MTD is made more likely with an immediate positive response to voice therapy probes, as in the case above, a diagnosis of MTD should not be excluded based on lack of improvement from a single trial session of voice therapy. (
  • Our speech-language pathologists will work with you and your child to identify possible habits that may be contributing to vocal cord irritation, and to learn about healthy ways to use your voice that will help your vocal cords heal and stay healthy. (
  • One of the most common voice problems is vocal cord abuse. (
  • Voice misuse and over use puts you at risk for developing vocal cord hemorrhage. (
  • Voice disorders caused by conditions such as acid reflux or upper respiratory infections can be treated with drugs, while surgery will likely be needed for vocal cord lesions. (
  • Comparing 1-dimensional and 2-dimensional spectral feature representations in voice pathology detection using machine learning and deep learning classifiers. (
  • Teaching voice pathology and acoustics, oral communication skills and scientific theory. (
  • Number 6 Article 2 6-5-2016 Recovered Voices: Experiences of Borderline Personality Disorder Carla D. Chugani Un. (
  • Such individuals maintain something like their high-pitched, childhood voice by speaking in falsetto register. (
  • Many individuals diagnosed with eating disorders describe and internal 'voice,' which may be linked to experiences of childhood trauma and dissociation. (