Voice Disorders: Pathological processes that affect voice production, usually involving VOCAL CORDS and the LARYNGEAL MUCOSA. Voice disorders can be caused by organic (anatomical), or functional (emotional or psychological) factors leading to DYSPHONIA; APHONIA; and defects in VOICE QUALITY, loudness, and pitch.Voice: The sounds produced by humans by the passage of air through the LARYNX and over the VOCAL CORDS, and then modified by the resonance organs, the NASOPHARYNX, and the MOUTH.Stroboscopy: The observation of successive phases of MOVEMENT by use of a flashing light.Dysphonia: Difficulty and/or pain in PHONATION or speaking.Voice Training: A variety of techniques used to help individuals utilize their voice for various purposes and with minimal use of muscle energy.Mental Healing: The use of mind to cure disease, particularly physical illness.Phonation: The process of producing vocal sounds by means of VOCAL CORDS vibrating in an expiratory blast of air.Vocal Cords: A pair of cone-shaped elastic mucous membrane projecting from the laryngeal wall and forming a narrow slit between them. Each contains a thickened free edge (vocal ligament) extending from the THYROID CARTILAGE to the ARYTENOID CARTILAGE, and a VOCAL MUSCLE that shortens or relaxes the vocal cord to control sound production.Laryngoscopy: Examination, therapy or surgery of the interior of the larynx performed with a specially designed endoscope.Voice Quality: That component of SPEECH which gives the primary distinction to a given speaker's VOICE when pitch and loudness are excluded. It involves both phonatory and resonatory characteristics. Some of the descriptions of voice quality are harshness, breathiness and nasality.Arytenoid Cartilage: One of a pair of small pyramidal cartilages that articulate with the lamina of the CRICOID CARTILAGE. The corresponding VOCAL LIGAMENT and several muscles are attached to it.Speech Disorders: Acquired or developmental conditions marked by an impaired ability to comprehend or generate spoken forms of language.Faculty: The teaching staff and members of the administrative staff having academic rank in an educational institution.Laryngeal Muscles: The striated muscle groups which move the LARYNX as a whole or its parts, such as altering tension of the VOCAL CORDS, or size of the slit (RIMA GLOTTIDIS).Speech Acoustics: The acoustic aspects of speech in terms of frequency, intensity, and time.Mucus: The viscous secretion of mucous membranes. It contains mucin, white blood cells, water, inorganic salts, and exfoliated cells.Occupational Diseases: Diseases caused by factors involved in one's employment.Larynx, Artificial: A device, activated electronically or by expired pulmonary air, which simulates laryngeal activity and enables a laryngectomized person to speak. Examples of the pneumatic mechanical device are the Tokyo and Van Hunen artificial larynges. Electronic devices include the Western Electric electrolarynx, Tait oral vibrator, Cooper-Rand electrolarynx and the Ticchioni pipe.Bipolar Disorder: A major affective disorder marked by severe mood swings (manic or major depressive episodes) and a tendency to remission and recurrence.Mental Disorders: Psychiatric illness or diseases manifested by breakdowns in the adaptational process expressed primarily as abnormalities of thought, feeling, and behavior producing either distress or impairment of function.Speech Recognition Software: Software capable of recognizing dictation and transcribing the spoken words into written text.Anxiety Disorders: Persistent and disabling ANXIETY.Mood Disorders: Those disorders that have a disturbance in mood as their predominant feature.Sex Reassignment Surgery: Surgical treatments used to change the physiological sexual characteristics of an individual.Transsexualism: Severe gender dysphoria, coupled with a persistent desire for the physical characteristics and social roles that connote the opposite biological sex. (APA, DSM-IV, 1994)Afipia: A genus of gram-negative, oxidase-positive, nonfermentative rods which are motile by means of a single flagellum. Afipia felis and BARTONELLA HENSELAE are causative agents of CAT-SCRATCH DISEASE. (From Bergey's Manual of Determinative Bacteriology, 9th ed)Laryngeal Diseases: Pathological processes involving any part of the LARYNX which coordinates many functions such as voice production, breathing, swallowing, and coughing.Hoarseness: An unnaturally deep or rough quality of voice.Thyroid Diseases: Pathological processes involving the THYROID GLAND.Thyroid Gland: A highly vascularized endocrine gland consisting of two lobes joined by a thin band of tissue with one lobe on each side of the TRACHEA. It secretes THYROID HORMONES from the follicular cells and CALCITONIN from the parafollicular cells thereby regulating METABOLISM and CALCIUM level in blood, respectively.Otolaryngology: A surgical specialty concerned with the study and treatment of disorders of the ear, nose, and throat.Spherocytes: Small, abnormal spherical red blood cells with more than the normal amount of hemoglobin.Otorhinolaryngologic Diseases: Pathological processes of the ear, the nose, and the throat, also known as the ENT diseases.Eating Disorders: A group of disorders characterized by physiological and psychological disturbances in appetite or food intake.Bulimia Nervosa: An eating disorder that is characterized by a cycle of binge eating (BULIMIA or bingeing) followed by inappropriate acts (purging) to avert weight gain. Purging methods often include self-induced VOMITING, use of LAXATIVES or DIURETICS, excessive exercise, and FASTING.Anorexia Nervosa: An eating disorder that is characterized by the lack or loss of APPETITE, known as ANOREXIA. Other features include excess fear of becoming OVERWEIGHT; BODY IMAGE disturbance; significant WEIGHT LOSS; refusal to maintain minimal normal weight; and AMENORRHEA. This disorder occurs most frequently in adolescent females. (APA, Thesaurus of Psychological Index Terms, 1994)Binge-Eating Disorder: A disorder associated with three or more of the following: eating until feeling uncomfortably full; eating large amounts of food when not physically hungry; eating much more rapidly than normal; eating alone due to embarrassment; feeling of disgust, DEPRESSION, or guilt after overeating. Criteria includes occurrence on average, at least 2 days a week for 6 months. The binge eating is not associated with the regular use of inappropriate compensatory behavior (i.e. purging, excessive exercise, etc.) and does not co-occur exclusively with BULIMIA NERVOSA or ANOREXIA NERVOSA. (From DSM-IV, 1994)Alzheimer Disease: A degenerative disease of the BRAIN characterized by the insidious onset of DEMENTIA. Impairment of MEMORY, judgment, attention span, and problem solving skills are followed by severe APRAXIAS and a global loss of cognitive abilities. The condition primarily occurs after age 60, and is marked pathologically by severe cortical atrophy and the triad of SENILE PLAQUES; NEUROFIBRILLARY TANGLES; and NEUROPIL THREADS. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, pp1049-57)Bulimia: Eating an excess amount of food in a short period of time, as seen in the disorder of BULIMIA NERVOSA. It is caused by an abnormal craving for food, or insatiable hunger also known as "ox hunger".Body Image: Individuals' concept of their own bodies.Guillain-Barre Syndrome: An acute inflammatory autoimmune neuritis caused by T cell- mediated cellular immune response directed towards peripheral myelin. Demyelination occurs in peripheral nerves and nerve roots. The process is often preceded by a viral or bacterial infection, surgery, immunization, lymphoma, or exposure to toxins. Common clinical manifestations include progressive weakness, loss of sensation, and loss of deep tendon reflexes. Weakness of respiratory muscles and autonomic dysfunction may occur. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, pp1312-1314)Consciousness Disorders: Organic mental disorders in which there is impairment of the ability to maintain awareness of self and environment and to respond to environmental stimuli. Dysfunction of the cerebral hemispheres or brain stem RETICULAR FORMATION may result in this condition.Polyradiculoneuropathy: Diseases characterized by injury or dysfunction involving multiple peripheral nerves and nerve roots. The process may primarily affect myelin or nerve axons. Two of the more common demyelinating forms are acute inflammatory polyradiculopathy (GUILLAIN-BARRE SYNDROME) and POLYRADICULONEUROPATHY, CHRONIC INFLAMMATORY DEMYELINATING. Polyradiculoneuritis refers to inflammation of multiple peripheral nerves and spinal nerve roots.Microcephaly: A congenital abnormality in which the CEREBRUM is underdeveloped, the fontanels close prematurely, and, as a result, the head is small. (Desk Reference for Neuroscience, 2nd ed.)Delphi Technique: An iterative questionnaire designed to measure consensus among individual responses. In the classic Delphi approach, there is no interaction between responder and interviewer.World Health Organization: A specialized agency of the United Nations designed as a coordinating authority on international health work; its aim is to promote the attainment of the highest possible level of health by all peoples.Neurotology: A subspecialty of otolaryngology dealing with the parts of the nervous system related to the ear.Meniere Disease: A disease of the inner ear (LABYRINTH) that is characterized by fluctuating SENSORINEURAL HEARING LOSS; TINNITUS; episodic VERTIGO; and aural fullness. It is the most common form of endolymphatic hydrops.Skull Base: The inferior region of the skull consisting of an internal (cerebral), and an external (basilar) surface.Music: Sound that expresses emotion through rhythm, melody, and harmony.OhioHospitals, Pediatric: Special hospitals which provide care for ill children.Retrospective Studies: Studies used to test etiologic hypotheses in which inferences about an exposure to putative causal factors are derived from data relating to characteristics of persons under study or to events or experiences in their past. The essential feature is that some of the persons under study have the disease or outcome of interest and their characteristics are compared with those of unaffected persons.Child Welfare: Organized efforts by communities or organizations to improve the health and well-being of the child.Stachybotrys: A mitosporic fungal genus including one species which forms a toxin in moldy hay that may cause a serious illness in horses.

Sequelae of sarin toxicity at one and three years after exposure in Matsumoto, Japan. (1/189)

In order to clarify the later sequelae of sarin poisoning that occurred in Matsumoto City, Japan, on June 27, 1994, a cohort study was conducted on all persons (2052 Japanese people) inhabiting an area 1050 meters from north to south and 850 meters from east to west with the sarin release site in the center. Respondents numbered 1237 and 836 people when surveys were conducted at one and three years after the sarin incident, respectively. Numbers of persons with symptoms of sarin toxicity were compared between sarin victims and non-victims. Of the respondents, 58 and 46 people had symptoms associated with sarin such as fatigue, asthenia, shoulder stiffness, asthenopia and blurred vision at both points of the survey, respectively. The prevalences were low; some complained of insomnia, had bad dreams, difficulty in smoking, husky voice, slight fever and palpitation. The victims who had symptoms one year after the incident had a lower erythrocyte cholinesterase activity than did those who did not have symptoms at the early stage; such persons lived in an area with a 500 meter long axis north east from the sarin release site. The three-year cohort study clearly showed that the odds ratios of almost all of the symptoms were high in the sarin-exposed group, suggesting a positive relationship between symptoms and grades of exposure to sarin. These results suggest that symptoms reported by many victims of the sarin incident are thought to be sequelae related to sarin exposure.  (+info)

Intensive voice treatment (LSVT) for patients with Parkinson's disease: a 2 year follow up. (2/189)

OBJECTIVES: To assess long term (24 months) effects of the Lee Silverman voice treatment (LSVT), a method designed to improve vocal function in patients with Parkinson's disease. METHODS: Thirty three patients with idiopathic Parkinson's disease were stratified and randomly assigned to two treatment groups. One group received the LSVT, which emphasises high phonatory-respiratory effort. The other group received respiratory therapy (RET), which emphasises high respiratory effort alone. Patients in both treatment groups sustained vowel phonation, read a passage, and produced a monologue under identical conditions before, immediately after, and 24 months after speech treatment. Change in vocal function was measured by means of acoustic analyses of voice loudness (measured as sound pressure level, or SPL) and inflection in voice fundamental frequency (measured in terms of semitone standard deviation, or STSD). RESULTS: The LSVT was significantly more effective than the RET in improving (increasing) SPL and STSD immediately post-treatment and maintaining those improvements at 2 year follow up. CONCLUSIONS: The findings provide evidence for the efficacy of the LSVT as well as the long term maintenance of these effects in the treatment of voice and speech disorders in patients with idiopathic Parkinson's disease.  (+info)

Is voice therapy an effective treatment for dysphonia? A randomised controlled trial. (3/189)

OBJECTIVES: To assess the overall efficacy of voice therapy for dysphonia. DESIGN: Single blind randomised controlled trial. SETTING: Outpatient clinic in a teaching hospital. PARTICIPANTS: 204 outpatients aged 17-87 with a primary symptom of persistent hoarseness for at least two months. INTERVENTIONS: After baseline assessments, patients were randomised to six weeks of either voice therapy or no treatment. Assessments were repeated at six weeks on the 145 (71%) patients who continued to this stage and at 12-14 weeks on the 133 (65%) patients who completed the study. The assessments at the three time points for the 70 patients who completed treatment and the 63 patients in the group given no treatment were compared. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Ratings of laryngeal features, Buffalo voice profile, amplitude and pitch perturbation, voice profile questionnaire, hospital anxiety and depression scale, clinical interview schedule, SF-36. RESULTS: Voice therapy improved voice quality as assessed by rating by patients (P=0.001) and rating by observer (P<0.001). The treatment effects for these two outcomes were 4.1 (95% confidence interval 1.7 to 6.6) points and 0.82 (0.50 to 1.13) points. Amplitude perturbation showed improvement at six weeks (P=0.005) but not on completion of the study. Patients with dysphonia had appreciable psychological distress and lower quality of life than controls, but voice therapy had no significant impact on either of these variables. CONCLUSION: Voice therapy is effective in improving voice quality as assessed by self rated and observer rated methods.  (+info)

Swallowing and voice effects of Lee Silverman Voice Treatment (LSVT): a pilot study. (4/189)

OBJECTIVE: To define the effects of Lee Silverman Voice Treatment (LSVT on swallowing and voice in eight patients with idiopathic Parkinson's disease. METHODS: Each patient received a modified barium swallow (MBS) in addition to voice recording before and after 1 month of LSVT. Swallowing motility disorders were defined and temporal measures of the swallow were completed from the MBS. Voice evaluation included measures of vocal intensity, fundamental frequency, and the patient's perception of speech change. RESULTS: before LSVT, the most prevalent swallowing motility disorders were oral phase problems including reduced tongue control and strength. Reduced tongue base retraction resulting in residue in the vallecula was the most common disorder in the pharyngeal stage of the swallow. Oral transit time (OTT) and pharyngeal transit time (PTT) were prolonged. After LSVT, there was an overall 51% reduction in the number of swallowing motility disorders. Some temporal measures of swallowing were also significantly reduced as was the approximate amount of oral residue after 3 ml and 5 ml liquid swallows. Voice changes after LSVT included a significant increase in vocal intensity during sustained vowel phonation as well as during reading. CONCLUSIONS: LSVT seemingly improved neuromuscular control of the entire upper aerodigestive tract, improving oral tongue and tongue base function during the oral and pharyngeal phases of swallowing as well as improving vocal intensity.  (+info)

Occupational voice disorders due to workplace exposure to irritants--a review of the literature. (5/189)

The medical literature contains relatively few examples of reports of voice disorders that could be attributed to chemical exposure at work. General medical conditions such as gastro-oesophageal reflux and the use of medication such as inhaled steroids are well-recognized causes of laryngitis, but the occupational causes are less well documented. This paper describes the results of a literature review looking at the reporting of cases of occupationally acquired voice disorders due to exposure to irritants in the workplace.  (+info)

Assessment of voice quality after carotid endarterectomy. (6/189)

OBJECTIVES: vocal cord paralysis is considered a rare complication of carotid endarterectomy (CEA), but alteration in voice quality may be more common. The aim of this prospective study was to evaluate the effect of CEA on voice quality and to correlate any changes with the extent of the dissection. DESIGN-MATERIAL-METHODS: thirty-five patients who underwent CEA were divided in two groups, according to the level of surgical dissection performed. The high-level dissection group was comprised of those patients that required mobilisation of hypoglossal nerve and division of the posterior belly of digastric muscle. The low-level dissection group included the rest. All the patients' voices were recorded and analysed digitally before CEA, one and three months after the operation. Voice data were measured for standard deviation of fundamental frequency, jitter, shimmer and normalised noise energy (NNE). All patients underwent a laryngeal examination pre- and post-operation. RESULTS: none of the patients had any vocal cord dysfunction on laryngoscopy. Significant changes of voice quality (jitter, shimmer, NNE) were noticed in the high-level dissection group (p<0.05) one month after the operation. Two months later, the voice changes had subsided, but still significant disturbances remained (jitter, shimmer). CONCLUSIONS: voice-related disturbances are far more common following CEA than is generally believed and, although they seem to for the most part temporary, they deserve attention. Specifically, high-level surgical dissection seems to be a risk factor of postoperative vocal impairment.  (+info)

Prospective functional voice assessment in patients undergoing thyroid surgery. (7/189)

OBJECTIVE: To analyze voice function before and after thyroidectomy for patients with normal preoperative voice using a standardized multidimensional voice assessment protocol. SUMMARY BACKGROUND DATA: The natural history of post-thyroidectomy voice disturbances for patients with preserved laryngeal nerve function has not been systematically studied and characterized with the intent of using the data for postoperative voice rehabilitation. METHODS: During a prospective single-arm study, patients with normal voice underwent functional voice testing using a standardized voice grading scale and a battery of acoustic, aerodynamic, glottographic, and videostroboscopic tests before, 1 week after, and 3 months after thyroidectomy. Differences in observed sample means were evaluated using analysis of covariance or t test; categorical data was analyzed using the Fisher exact or chi-square test. RESULTS: Fifty-four patients were enrolled; 50 and 46 were evaluable at 1 week and 3 months, respectively. No patient developed recurrent laryngeal nerve injury; one had superior laryngeal nerve injury. Fifteen (30%) patients reported early subjective voice change and seven (14%) reported late (3-month) subjective voice change. Forty-two (84%) patients had significant objective change in at least one voice parameter. Six (12%) had significant alterations in more than three voice measures, of which four (67%) were symptomatic, whereas 25% with three or fewer objective changes had symptoms. Patients with persistent voice change at 3 months had an increased likelihood of multiple (more than three) early objective changes (43% vs. 7%). Early maximum phonational frequency range and vocal jitter changes from baseline were significantly associated with voice symptoms at 3 months. CONCLUSIONS: Early vocal symptoms are common following thyroidectomy and persist in 14% of patients. Multiple (more than three) objective voice changes correlate with early and late postoperative symptoms. Alterations in maximum phonational frequency range and vocal jitter predict late perceived vocal changes. Factors other than laryngeal nerve injury appear to alter post-thyroidectomy voice. The variability of patient symptoms underscores the importance of understanding the physiology of dysphonia.  (+info)

Quantitative analysis of professionally trained versus untrained voices. (8/189)

The aim of this study was to compare healthy trained and untrained voices as well as healthy and dysphonic trained voices in adults using combined voice range profile and aerodynamic tests, to define the normal range limiting values of quantitative voice parameters and to select the most informative quantitative voice parameters for separation between healthy and dysphonic trained voices. Three groups of persons were evaluated. One hundred eighty six healthy volunteers were divided into two groups according to voice training: non-professional speakers group consisted of 106 untrained voices persons (36 males and 70 females) and professional speakers group--of 80 trained voices persons (21 males and 59 females). Clinical group consisted of 103 dysphonic professional speakers (23 males and 80 females) with various voice disorders. Eighteen quantitative voice parameters from combined voice range profile (VRP) test were analyzed: 8 of voice range profile, 8 of speaking voice, overall vocal dysfunction degree and coefficient of sound, and aerodynamic maximum phonation time. Analysis showed that healthy professional speakers demonstrated expanded vocal abilities in comparison to healthy non-professional speakers. Quantitative voice range profile parameters- pitch range, high frequency limit, area of high frequencies and coefficient of sound differed significantly between healthy professional and non-professional voices, and were more informative than speaking voice or aerodynamic parameters in showing the voice training. Logistic stepwise regression revealed that VRP area in high frequencies was sufficient to discriminate between healthy and dysphonic professional speakers for male subjects (overall discrimination accuracy--81.8%) and combination of three quantitative parameters (VRP high frequency limit, maximum voice intensity and slope of speaking curve) for female subjects (overall model discrimination accuracy--75.4%). We concluded that quantitative voice assessment with selected parameters might be useful for evaluation of voice education for healthy professional speakers as well as for detection of vocal dysfunction and evaluation of rehabilitation effect in dysphonic professionals.  (+info)

  • Other causes of voice disorders include infections, upward movement of stomach acids into the throat, growths due to a virus, cancer, and diseases that paralyze the vocal cords. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Doctors who specialize in ear, nose and throat disorders and speech-language pathologists are involved in diagnosing and treating voice disorders. (mayoclinic.org)
  • You'll receive coordinated care from a team that includes laryngologists -- ear, nose, and throat (ENT) doctors -- and speech-language pathologists, all of whom have advanced training in evaluating and treating the full range of voice box conditions, including voice disorders and swallowing problems. (dukehealth.org)
  • A year or so back, when i was alone in my bathtub, watching moves and sipping gingerale, I heard a male voice right outside my bathroom door clearing their throat. (medhelp.org)
  • Some of the most common symptoms of voice disorders are a change in your voice (it becomes either deeper or raspy), you have trouble singing, your throat feels raw or itchy and you find yourself repeatedly clearing your throat. (sharecare.com)
  • Learn more about how our Institute provides care for patients with ear, nose and throat disorders. (uhhospitals.org)
  • Using a humidifier at home is a good idea especially in dry climates or during winters because it sucks in humidity which when persistent can cause voice issues or throat itchiness. (healthwatchcenter.com)
  • Avoid shouting, taking loudly, whispering, coughing and throat clearing -- these are all very damaging to the voice box! (lizardcentre.com)
  • This can cause problems in the muscles in the throat, and affect the voice. (uchospitals.edu)
  • The size and shape of the vocal folds and surrounding cavities (throat, mouth and nose) help determine the pitch, volume and tone of your voice. (topekaent.com)
  • chronic throat clearing and voice loss. (topekaent.com)
  • The sound of each person's voice is determined by the size and shape of the vocal cords and the size and shape of the throat, nose, and mouth. (michiganentdoctors.com)
  • Acute laryngitis is treated with resting the voice as much as possible, increasing intake of decaffeinated fluids (particularly water), and using a humidifier. (ohsu.edu)
  • a hoarse voice often happens when a child has a viral infection, such as a cold or laryngitis (inflammation of the voice box). (rch.org.au)
  • Continued abuse can lead to permanent voice damage and a number of serious medical issues such as laryngitis, polyps, cysts and vocal fold swelling. (topekaent.com)
  • DENVER -- Percutaneous laryngeal collagen injection is an exciting new, relatively simple and safe office procedure for the voice problems that commonly affect Parkinsonian patients, Dr. Soo Hang Kim declared at the annual meeting of the American Academy of Otolaryngology. (thefreelibrary.com)
  • Disorders of speech, language, and voice are still somewhat underappreciated within the otolaryngology community. (highbeam.com)
  • His co-author for the presentation is Dr. Joel Kahane, Ph.D., CCC-SLP who is Professor Emeritus in the School of Communication Sciences and Disorders and also Clinical Associate Professor of Otolaryngology at the University of Tennessee Center for the Health Sciences. (chiaonline.org)
  • The Aerodigestive Center at Cincinnati Children's is internationally known for our approach to caring for chronically ill children with complex airway, pulmonary, upper digestive tract, sleep and feeding disorders. (cincinnatichildrens.org)
  • Cleveland Clinic Children's Pediatric Center for Airway, Voice and Swallowing Disorders (PCAVS) is an aerodigestive program offering integrated team assessment and care from multiple medical and surgical specialists for infants, children, and adolescents. (clevelandclinic.org)
  • Patients with complex medical conditions of the upper and lower airway and respiratory system, esophageal disorders, and swallowing and digestive issues are the focus of this team approach. (clevelandclinic.org)
  • Describes this condition that not only affects the voice, but can also cause airway obstruction. (evms.edu)
  • We specialize in the evaluation and management of voice, swallowing, and airway disorders. (swedish.org)
  • This January, Dr. Howard joined University Hospitals Cleveland Medical Center as the Director of the UH Center for Voice, Airway and Swallowing Disorders and Assistant Professor, Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine . (uhhospitals.org)
  • We treated patients with neck and airway injuries, numerous people who were trach dependent or had no voice. (uhhospitals.org)
  • If one of the tested treatments sufficiently restores vortices in the airway, then it could stand the best chance of restoring normal vibrations and normal voice. (uc.edu)
  • Dr. Chmielewska is a fellowship-trained otolaryngologist who has specialized training in diagnosing and treating voice, swallow and airway disorders. (michiganentdoctors.com)
  • these are known as benign lesions (areas of damage that are not cancer) of the vocal folds, and they are caused by tissue stress during excessive voice use, such as screaming or prolonged loud talking or crying. (rch.org.au)
  • Common disorders that affect the voice are vibration-induced lesions, or injuries, of the surface layer of the vocal cords, called mucosa . (laryngopedia.com)
  • Voice disorders caused by conditions such as acid reflux or upper respiratory infections can be treated with medications, while surgery may be needed for vocal cord lesions. (topekaent.com)
  • There are few drugs specifically used to treat voice disorders. (umn.edu)
  • With a team of specially trained physicians and speech-language pathologists, we are equipped to diagnose and treat the many causes of voice disorders. (masseyeandear.org)
  • The effectiveness of Homeopathy on anxiety disorders without the dangerous side-effects of prescription drugs. (podbean.com)
  • The role hormones play in anxiety disorders. (podbean.com)
  • In the spirit of this fine holiday, I have gathered a few thoughts from moms who have fought the good fight against Perinatal Mood & Anxiety Disorders. (mypostpartumvoice.com)
  • Just because we are entrenched in this, doesn't mean that Perinatal Mood & Anxiety Disorders will be put on hold. (mypostpartumvoice.com)
  • Here's how it will work - through Amazon, #PPDChat will purchase books related to Perinatal Mood & Anxiety Disorders for any mom who requests it and can't afford to make the purchase on her own. (mypostpartumvoice.com)
  • A period of complete voice rest is required after surgery, so your child's age and maturity are factors in deciding whether to proceed with surgery. (dukehealth.org)
  • Many laryngeal cancers can be treated with endoscopic and laser surgery which can yield a high cure rate while preserving the voice and leaving no external scars. (alphasurg.com)
  • The global voice prosthesis market was valued at US$ 133.5 Mn in 2017 and is expected to reach US$ 204.3 Mn by 2026, expanding at a CAGR of 4.9% from 2018 to 2026. (ptcommunity.com)
  • Certain voice disorders are best treated with surgical intervention. (umn.edu)
  • Surgical treatments for each voice disorder are described on the Voice Disorders page. (umn.edu)
  • The surgical state of the art for treating voice disorders has advanced greatly in recent years. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Based in Ontario, Canada, Diana works with a worldwide spectrum of clientele as a Vocal Coach/Consultant, In-Studio Vocal Production Expert and Non-Surgical Voice Repair Specialist. (selfgrowth.com)
  • See the Assessment section of the Voice Disorders evidence map for pertinent scientific evidence, expert opinion, and client/caregiver perspective. (asha.org)
  • A comprehensive assessment is conducted for individuals suspected of having a voice disorder, using both standardized and nonstandardized measures (see ASHA resource on assessment tools, techniques, and data sources ). (asha.org)
  • See the ASHA resource titled Person-Centered Focus on Function: Voice [PDF] for an example of assessment data consistent with ICF. (asha.org)
  • 1) To accurately assess rate of psychiatric disorder in incarcerated juveniles, and (2) to examine the feasibility of using a self-administered, comprehensive structured psychiatric assessment with those youths. (nih.gov)
  • Rates of disorder were comparable to prior diagnostic assessment studies with interviewers. (nih.gov)
  • Those variations offer recommendations for mental health assessment practices for youths in the justice system that would include using a comprehensive self-report instrument, pooling across parent and youth informants for certain disorders, focusing on current disorder, and flexibility regarding consideration of impairment. (nih.gov)
  • Assessment by a multidisciplinary team of clinicians (Neurologist, ENT Surgeon, and Speech Pathologist) is necessary to diagnose the disorder and make recommendations for management. (stvincentsent.com.au)
  • It is the modification or suppression of those vortices in laryngeal disease, researchers think, that leads to abnormal voice. (uc.edu)
  • Psychogenic voice disorders occur as a result of psychological disturbance resulting in inability to talk or feeble voice. (medindia.net)
  • In 1999-2000, 292 recently admitted males in secure placement with New Jersey and Illinois juvenile justice authorities provided self-assessments by means of the Voice Diagnostic Interview Schedule for Children-IV, a comprehensive, computerized diagnostic instrument that presents questions via headphones. (nih.gov)
  • He and a number of allies in the APA arranged to have outside gay activists disrupt APA meetings to protest the persistence of homosexuality as a diagnostic category within the APA's list of disorders. (virtueonline.org)
  • DUBLIN , April 25, 2019 /PRNewswire/ -- The "Global Voice Prosthesis Market Size, Market Share, Application Analysis, Regional Outlook, Growth Trends, Key Players, Competitive Strategies and Forecasts, 2018 to 2026" report has been added to ResearchAndMarkets.com's offering. (ptcommunity.com)
  • There are also some rare medical conditions that may cause voice disorders in children. (rch.org.au)
  • These medications tend to cause voice disorders if taken on a regular basis and must be limited as much as possible. (healthwatchcenter.com)
  • these too can cause voice disorders and difficulties. (healthwatchcenter.com)
  • What is a common cause voice disorders in children? (lizardcentre.com)
  • Disorders affecting thyroid hormone, female and male hormones, and growth hormones can cause voice disorders. (uchospitals.edu)
  • New material on topics such as choral pedagogy for geriatric singers, laryngeal manipulation, and cosmetic procedures and their implications for voice professionals. (pluralpublishing.com)
  • Despite the recent surge of strategically produced political disorder, and its widespread implications for the future viability of liberal democracy, scholarship has thus far largely neglected the connection between democracy and disorder. (graduateinstitute.ch)
  • By engaging disciplinarily, methodologically, and geographically diverse perspectives, the workshop hopes to develop a foundation from which to examine and theorize the use of strategic disorder and its implications for liberal democratic practice. (graduateinstitute.ch)