The sum or the stock of words used by a language, a group, or an individual. (From Webster, 3d ed)
A specified list of terms with a fixed and unalterable meaning, and from which a selection is made when CATALOGING; ABSTRACTING AND INDEXING; or searching BOOKS; JOURNALS AS TOPIC; and other documents. The control is intended to avoid the scattering of related subjects under different headings (SUBJECT HEADINGS). The list may be altered or extended only by the publisher or issuing agency. (From Harrod's Librarians' Glossary, 7th ed, p163)
The gradual expansion in complexity and meaning of symbols and sounds as perceived and interpreted by the individual through a maturational and learning process. Stages in development include babbling, cooing, word imitation with cognition, and use of short sentences.
The language and sounds expressed by a child at a particular maturational stage in development.
A research and development program initiated by the NATIONAL LIBRARY OF MEDICINE to build knowledge sources for the purpose of aiding the development of systems that help health professionals retrieve and integrate biomedical information. The knowledge sources can be used to link disparate information systems to overcome retrieval problems caused by differences in terminology and the scattering of relevant information across many databases. The three knowledge sources are the Metathesaurus, the Semantic Network, and the Specialist Lexicon.
The terms, expressions, designations, or symbols used in a particular science, discipline, or specialized subject area.
Terms or expressions which provide the major means of access by subject to the bibliographic unit.
Tests designed to assess language behavior and abilities. They include tests of vocabulary, comprehension, grammar and functional use of language, e.g., Development Sentence Scoring, Receptive-Expressive Emergent Language Scale, Parsons Language Sample, Utah Test of Language Development, Michigan Language Inventory and Verbal Language Development Scale, Illinois Test of Psycholinguistic Abilities, Northwestern Syntax Screening Test, Peabody Picture Vocabulary Test, Ammons Full-Range Picture Vocabulary Test, and Assessment of Children's Language Comprehension.
The science of language, including phonetics, phonology, morphology, syntax, semantics, pragmatics, and historical linguistics. (Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)
Conditions characterized by language abilities (comprehension and expression of speech and writing) that are below the expected level for a given age, generally in the absence of an intellectual impairment. These conditions may be associated with DEAFNESS; BRAIN DISEASES; MENTAL DISORDERS; or environmental factors.
Learning to respond verbally to a verbal stimulus cue.
The ability to speak, read, or write several languages or many languages with some facility. Bilingualism is the most common form. (From Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)
The relationships between symbols and their meanings.
Computer processing of a language with rules that reflect and describe current usage rather than prescribed usage.
Organized activities related to the storage, location, search, and retrieval of information.
A system of record keeping in which a list of the patient's problems is made and all history, physical findings, laboratory data, etc. pertinent to each problem are placed under that heading.
The field of nursing care concerned with the promotion, maintenance, and restoration of health.
Controlled vocabulary of clinical terms produced by the International Health Terminology Standards Development Organisation (IHTSDO).
A verbal or nonverbal means of communicating ideas or feelings.
Communication through a system of conventional vocal symbols.
Activities performed to identify concepts and aspects of published information and research reports.
Information systems, usually computer-assisted, designed to store, manipulate, and retrieve information for planning, organizing, directing, and controlling administrative and clinical activities associated with the provision and utilization of clinical laboratory services.
The portion of an interactive computer program that issues messages to and receives commands from a user.
The procedures involved in combining separately developed modules, components, or subsystems so that they work together as a complete system. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)
Includes both producing and responding to words, either written or spoken.
An agency of the NATIONAL INSTITUTES OF HEALTH concerned with overall planning, promoting, and administering programs pertaining to advancement of medical and related sciences. Major activities of this institute include the collection, dissemination, and exchange of information important to the progress of medicine and health, research in medical informatics and support for medical library development.
Structured vocabularies describing concepts from the fields of biology and relationships between concepts.
A system of hand gestures used for communication by the deaf or by people speaking different languages.
Computer-based systems for input, storage, display, retrieval, and printing of information contained in a patient's medical record.
Automated systems applied to the patient care process including diagnosis, therapy, and systems of communicating medical data within the health care setting.
Skills in the use of language which lead to proficiency in written or spoken communication.
The premier bibliographic database of the NATIONAL LIBRARY OF MEDICINE. MEDLINE® (MEDLARS Online) is the primary subset of PUBMED and can be searched on NLM's Web site in PubMed or the NLM Gateway. MEDLINE references are indexed with MEDICAL SUBJECT HEADINGS (MeSH).
The act or fact of grasping the meaning, nature, or importance of; understanding. (American Heritage Dictionary, 4th ed) Includes understanding by a patient or research subject of information disclosed orally or in writing.
A loose confederation of computer communication networks around the world. The networks that make up the Internet are connected through several backbone networks. The Internet grew out of the US Government ARPAnet project and was designed to facilitate information exchange.
A general term for the complete loss of the ability to hear from both ears.
The teaching or training of those individuals with hearing disability or impairment.
Software designed to store, manipulate, manage, and control data for specific uses.
Conditions characterized by deficiencies of comprehension or expression of written and spoken forms of language. These include acquired and developmental disorders.
A system containing any combination of computers, computer terminals, printers, audio or visual display devices, or telephones interconnected by telecommunications equipment or cables: used to transmit or receive information. (Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)
Extensive collections, reputedly complete, of facts and data garnered from material of a specialized subject area and made available for analysis and application. The collection can be automated by various contemporary methods for retrieval. The concept should be differentiated from DATABASES, BIBLIOGRAPHIC which is restricted to collections of bibliographic references.
Sequential operating programs and data which instruct the functioning of a digital computer.
Controlled vocabulary thesaurus produced by the NATIONAL LIBRARY OF MEDICINE. It consists of sets of terms naming descriptors in a hierarchical structure that permits searching at various levels of specificity.
Measurement of parameters of the speech product such as vocal tone, loudness, pitch, voice quality, articulation, resonance, phonation, phonetic structure and prosody.
The science or study of speech sounds and their production, transmission, and reception, and their analysis, classification, and transcription. (Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)
Professional society representing the field of nursing.
The field of information science concerned with the analysis and dissemination of medical data through the application of computers to various aspects of health care and medicine.
Precise procedural mathematical and logical operations utilized in the study of medical information pertaining to health care.
Movement of a part of the body for the purpose of communication.
Specific languages used to prepare computer programs.
Shortened forms of written words or phrases used for brevity.
The continuous sequential physiological and psychological maturing of an individual from birth up to but not including ADOLESCENCE.
Disorders of the quality of speech characterized by the substitution, omission, distortion, and addition of phonemes.
Integrated set of files, procedures, and equipment for the storage, manipulation, and retrieval of information.
Management of the acquisition, organization, storage, retrieval, and dissemination of information. (From Thesaurus of ERIC Descriptors, 1994)
The process whereby an utterance is decoded into a representation in terms of linguistic units (sequences of phonetic segments which combine to form lexical and grammatical morphemes).
The systematic arrangement of entities in any field into categories classes based on common characteristics such as properties, morphology, subject matter, etc.
Lists of words, usually in alphabetical order, giving information about form, pronunciation, etymology, grammar, and meaning.
Intellectual or mental process whereby an organism obtains knowledge.
Databases devoted to knowledge about specific genes and gene products.
Conversion from one language to another language.
A vocabulary database of universal identifiers for laboratory and clinical test results. Its purpose is to facilitate the exchange and pooling of results for clinical care, outcomes management, and research. It is produced by the Regenstrief Institute. (LOINC and RELMA [Internet]. Indianapolis: The Regenstrief Institute; c1995-2001 [cited 2002 Apr 2]. Available from http://www.regenstrief.org/loinc)
Standardized tests that measure the present general ability or aptitude for intellectual performance.
The ability to acquire general or special types of knowledge or skill.
The science devoted to the comparative study of man.
An agency of the PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE established in 1990 to "provide indexing, abstracting, translating, publishing, and other services leading to a more effective and timely dissemination of information on research, demonstration projects, and evaluations with respect to health care to public and private entities and individuals engaged in the improvement of health care delivery..." It supersedes the National Center for Health Services Research. The United States Agency for Health Care Policy and Research was renamed Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ) under the Healthcare Research and Quality Act of 1999.
A branch of biology dealing with the structure of organisms.
The act or practice of literary composition, the occupation of writer, or producing or engaging in literary work as a profession.
Collections of facts, assumptions, beliefs, and heuristics that are used in combination with databases to achieve desired results, such as a diagnosis, an interpretation, or a solution to a problem (From McGraw Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed).
Persons with any degree of loss of hearing that has an impact on their activities of daily living or that requires special assistance or intervention.
Systematic organization, storage, retrieval, and dissemination of specialized information, especially of a scientific or technical nature (From ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983). It often involves authenticating or validating information.
Hospitals organized and controlled by a group of physicians who practice together and provide each other with mutual support.
Tests designed to measure intellectual functioning in children and adults.
The ability to learn and to deal with new situations and to deal effectively with tasks involving abstractions.
A cognitive disorder characterized by an impaired ability to comprehend written and printed words or phrases despite intact vision. This condition may be developmental or acquired. Developmental dyslexia is marked by reading achievement that falls substantially below that expected given the individual's chronological age, measured intelligence, and age-appropriate education. The disturbance in reading significantly interferes with academic achievement or with activities of daily living that require reading skills. (From DSM-IV)
Use of sophisticated analysis tools to sort through, organize, examine, and combine large sets of information.
Electronic hearing devices typically used for patients with normal outer and middle ear function, but defective inner ear function. In the COCHLEA, the hair cells (HAIR CELLS, VESTIBULAR) may be absent or damaged but there are residual nerve fibers. The device electrically stimulates the COCHLEAR NERVE to create sound sensation.
A field of biology concerned with the development of techniques for the collection and manipulation of biological data, and the use of such data to make biological discoveries or predictions. This field encompasses all computational methods and theories for solving biological problems including manipulation of models and datasets.
Information intended for potential users of medical and healthcare services. There is an emphasis on self-care and preventive approaches as well as information for community-wide dissemination and use.
Tests designed to assess neurological function associated with certain behaviors. They are used in diagnosing brain dysfunction or damage and central nervous system disorders or injury.
Procedures and programs that facilitate the development or skill acquisition in infants and young children who have disabilities, who are at risk for developing disabilities, or who are gifted. It includes programs that are designed to prevent handicapping conditions in infants and young children and family-centered programs designed to affect the functioning of infants and children with special needs. (From Journal of Early Intervention, Editorial, 1989, vol. 13, no. 1, p. 3; A Discursive Dictionary of Health Care, prepared for the U.S. House of Representatives Committee on Interstate and Foreign Commerce, 1976)
Transmission of emotions, ideas, and attitudes between individuals in ways other than the spoken language.
Data recorded by nurses concerning the nursing care given to the patient, including judgment of the patient's progress.
Computerized compilations of information units (text, sound, graphics, and/or video) interconnected by logical nonlinear linkages that enable users to follow optimal paths through the material and also the systems used to create and display this information. (From Thesaurus of ERIC Descriptors, 1994)
Organized collections of computer records, standardized in format and content, that are stored in any of a variety of computer-readable modes. They are the basic sets of data from which computer-readable files are created. (from ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983)
The continuous developmental process of a culture from simple to complex forms and from homogeneous to heterogeneous qualities.
Theory and development of COMPUTER SYSTEMS which perform tasks that normally require human intelligence. Such tasks may include speech recognition, LEARNING; VISUAL PERCEPTION; MATHEMATICAL COMPUTING; reasoning, PROBLEM SOLVING, DECISION-MAKING, and translation of language.
Relatively permanent change in behavior that is the result of past experience or practice. The concept includes the acquisition of knowledge.
Information systems, usually computer-assisted, designed to store, manipulate, and retrieve information for planning, organizing, directing, and controlling administrative activities associated with the provision and utilization of ambulatory care services and facilities.
A procedure consisting of a sequence of algebraic formulas and/or logical steps to calculate or determine a given task.
Acquired or developmental conditions marked by an impaired ability to comprehend or generate spoken forms of language.
Rehabilitation of persons with language disorders or training of children with language development disorders.
A discipline concerned with relations between messages and the characteristics of individuals who select and interpret them; it deals directly with the processes of encoding (phonetics) and decoding (psychoacoustics) as they relate states of messages to states of communicators.
Studies determining the effectiveness or value of processes, personnel, and equipment, or the material on conducting such studies. For drugs and devices, CLINICAL TRIALS AS TOPIC; DRUG EVALUATION; and DRUG EVALUATION, PRECLINICAL are available.
Studies in which variables relating to an individual or group of individuals are assessed over a period of time.
A bibliographic database that includes MEDLINE as its primary subset. It is produced by the National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI), part of the NATIONAL LIBRARY OF MEDICINE. PubMed, which is searchable through NLM's Web site, also includes access to additional citations to selected life sciences journals not in MEDLINE, and links to other resources such as the full-text of articles at participating publishers' Web sites, NCBI's molecular biology databases, and PubMed Central.
A specialty concerned with the nature and cause of disease as expressed by changes in cellular or tissue structure and function caused by the disease process.
Systems composed of a computer or computers, peripheral equipment, such as disks, printers, and terminals, and telecommunications capabilities.
Those psychological characteristics which differentiate individuals from one another.
A definite pathologic process with a characteristic set of signs and symptoms. It may affect the whole body or any of its parts, and its etiology, pathology, and prognosis may be known or unknown.
The storing of visual and usually sound signals on discs for later reproduction on a television screen or monitor.
A computerized biomedical bibliographic storage and retrieval system operated by the NATIONAL LIBRARY OF MEDICINE. MEDLARS stands for Medical Literature Analysis and Retrieval System, which was first introduced in 1964 and evolved into an online system in 1971 called MEDLINE (MEDLARS Online). As other online databases were developed, MEDLARS became the name of the entire NLM information system while MEDLINE became the name of the premier database. MEDLARS was used to produce the former printed Cumulated Index Medicus, and the printed monthly Index Medicus, until that publication ceased in December 2004.
Educational attainment or level of education of individuals.
The application of scientific knowledge to practical purposes in any field. It includes methods, techniques, and instrumentation.
Computer programs based on knowledge developed from consultation with experts on a problem, and the processing and/or formalizing of this knowledge using these programs in such a manner that the problems may be solved.
A disturbance in the normal fluency and time patterning of speech that is inappropriate for the individual's age. This disturbance is characterized by frequent repetitions or prolongations of sounds or syllables. Various other types of speech dysfluencies may also be involved including interjections, broken words, audible or silent blocking, circumlocutions, words produced with an excess of physical tension, and monosyllabic whole word repetitions. Stuttering may occur as a developmental condition in childhood or as an acquired disorder which may be associated with BRAIN INFARCTIONS and other BRAIN DISEASES. (From DSM-IV, 1994)
Extensive collections, reputedly complete, of references and citations to books, articles, publications, etc., generally on a single subject or specialized subject area. Databases can operate through automated files, libraries, or computer disks. The concept should be differentiated from DATABASES, FACTUAL which is used for collections of data and facts apart from bibliographic references to them.
The practice of compounding and dispensing medicinal preparations.
The addition of descriptive information about the function or structure of a molecular sequence to its MOLECULAR SEQUENCE DATA record.
Surgical insertion of an electronic hearing device (COCHLEAR IMPLANTS) with electrodes to the COCHLEAR NERVE in the inner ear to create sound sensation in patients with residual nerve fibers.
Recording of pertinent information concerning patient's illness or illnesses.
Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of systems, processes, or phenomena. They include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.
Disturbances in mental processes related to learning, thinking, reasoning, and judgment.
The study of existing genetic knowledge, and the generation of new genetic data, to understand and thus avoid DRUG TOXICITY and adverse effects from toxic substances from the environment.
Large vessels propelled by power or sail used for transportation on rivers, seas, oceans, or other navigable waters. Boats are smaller vessels propelled by oars, paddles, sail, or power; they may or may not have a deck.
Wearable sound-amplifying devices that are intended to compensate for impaired hearing. These generic devices include air-conduction hearing aids and bone-conduction hearing aids. (UMDNS, 1999)
Data processing largely performed by automatic means.
Organized services to provide information on any questions an individual might have using databases and other sources. (From Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)
Systems where the input data enter the computer directly from the point of origin (usually a terminal or workstation) and/or in which output data are transmitted directly to that terminal point of origin. (Sippl, Computer Dictionary, 4th ed)
A management function in which standards and guidelines are developed for the development, maintenance, and handling of forms and records.
A disorder caused by hemizygous microdeletion of about 28 genes on chromosome 7q11.23, including the ELASTIN gene. Clinical manifestations include SUPRAVALVULAR AORTIC STENOSIS; MENTAL RETARDATION; elfin facies; impaired visuospatial constructive abilities; and transient HYPERCALCEMIA in infancy. The condition affects both sexes, with onset at birth or in early infancy.
Treatment for individuals with speech defects and disorders that involves counseling and use of various exercises and aids to help the development of new speech habits.
A condition characterized by long-standing brain dysfunction or damage, usually of three months duration or longer. Potential etiologies include BRAIN INFARCTION; certain NEURODEGENERATIVE DISORDERS; CRANIOCEREBRAL TRAUMA; ANOXIA, BRAIN; ENCEPHALITIS; certain NEUROTOXICITY SYNDROMES; metabolic disorders (see BRAIN DISEASES, METABOLIC); and other conditions.
Performance of an act one or more times, with a view to its fixation or improvement; any performance of an act or behavior that leads to learning.
Specifications and instructions applied to the software.
Procedures for correcting HEARING DISORDERS.
Description of pattern of recurrent functions or procedures frequently found in organizational processes, such as notification, decision, and action.
Tests of the ability to hear and understand speech as determined by scoring the number of words in a word list repeated correctly.
A colorless, toxic liquid with a strong aromatic odor. It is used to make rubbers, polymers and copolymers, and polystyrene plastics.
Interaction between a mother and child.
Complex mental function having four distinct phases: (1) memorizing or learning, (2) retention, (3) recall, and (4) recognition. Clinically, it is usually subdivided into immediate, recent, and remote memory.
Integrated, computer-assisted systems designed to store, manipulate, and retrieve information concerned with the administrative and clinical aspects of providing medical services within the hospital.
The process whereby a representation of past experience is elicited.
Success in bringing an effort to the desired end; the degree or level of success attained in some specified area (esp. scholastic) or in general.
Theoretical representations that simulate psychological processes and/or social processes. These include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.

The limited use of digital ink in the private-sector primary care physician's office. (1/1313)

Two of the greatest obstacles to the implementation of the standardized electronic medical record are physician and staff acceptance and the development of a complete standardized medical vocabulary. Physicians have found the familiar desktop computer environment cumbersome in the examination room and the coding and hierarchic structure of existing vocabulary inadequate. The author recommends the use of digital ink, the graphic form of the pen computer, in telephone messaging and as a supplement in the examination room encounter note. A key concept in this paper is that the development of a standard electronic medical record cannot occur without the thorough evaluation of the office environment and physicians' concerns. This approach reveals a role for digital ink in telephone messaging and as a supplement to the encounter note. It is hoped that the utilization of digital ink will foster greater physician participation in the development of the electronic medical record.  (+info)

Searching bibliographic databases effectively. (2/1313)

The ability to search bibliographic databases effectively is now an essential skill for anyone undertaking research in health. This article discusses the way in which databases are constructed and some of the important steps in planning and carrying out a search. Consideration is given to some of the advantages and limitations of searching using both thesaurus and natural language (textword) terms. A selected list of databases in health and medicine is included.  (+info)

Evaluation of vocabularies for electronic laboratory reporting to public health agencies. (3/1313)

Clinical laboratories and clinicians transmit certain laboratory test results to public health agencies as required by state or local law. Most of these surveillance data are currently received by conventional mail or facsimile transmission. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), Council of State and Territorial Epidemiologists, and Association of Public Health Laboratories are preparing to implement surveillance systems that will use existing laboratory information systems to transmit electronic laboratory results to appropriate public health agencies. The authors anticipate that this will improve the reporting efficiency for these laboratories, reduce manual data entry, and greatly increase the timeliness and utility of the data. The vocabulary and messaging standards used should encourage participation in these new electronic reporting systems by minimizing the cost and inconvenience to laboratories while providing for accurate and complete communication of needed data. This article describes public health data requirements and the influence of vocabulary and messaging standards on implementation.  (+info)

A semantic lexicon for medical language processing. (4/1313)

OBJECTIVE: Construction of a resource that provides semantic information about words and phrases to facilitate the computer processing of medical narrative. DESIGN: Lexemes (words and word phrases) in the Specialist Lexicon were matched against strings in the 1997 Metathesaurus of the Unified Medical Language System (UMLS) developed by the National Library of Medicine. This yielded a "semantic lexicon," in which each lexeme is associated with one or more syntactic types, each of which can have one or more semantic types. The semantic lexicon was then used to assign semantic types to lexemes occurring in a corpus of discharge summaries (603,306 sentences). Lexical items with multiple semantic types were examined to determine whether some of the types could be eliminated, on the basis of usage in discharge summaries. A concordance program was used to find contrasting contexts for each lexeme that would reflect different semantic senses. Based on this evidence, semantic preference rules were developed to reduce the number of lexemes with multiple semantic types. RESULTS: Matching the Specialist Lexicon against the Metathesaurus produced a semantic lexicon with 75,711 lexical forms, 22,805 (30.1 percent) of which had two or more semantic types. Matching the Specialist Lexicon against one year's worth of discharge summaries identified 27,633 distinct lexical forms, 13,322 of which had at least one semantic type. This suggests that the Specialist Lexicon has about 79 percent coverage for syntactic information and 38 percent coverage for semantic information for discharge summaries. Of those lexemes in the corpus that had semantic types, 3,474 (12.6 percent) had two or more types. When semantic preference rules were applied to the semantic lexicon, the number of entries with multiple semantic types was reduced to 423 (1.5 percent). In the discharge summaries, occurrences of lexemes with multiple semantic types were reduced from 9.41 to 1.46 percent. CONCLUSION: Automatic methods can be used to construct a semantic lexicon from existing UMLS sources. This semantic information can aid natural language processing programs that analyze medical narrative, provided that lexemes with multiple semantic types are kept to a minimum. Semantic preference rules can be used to select semantic types that are appropriate to clinical reports. Further work is needed to increase the coverage of the semantic lexicon and to exploit contextual information when selecting semantic senses.  (+info)

Benefits of an object-oriented database representation for controlled medical terminologies. (5/1313)

OBJECTIVE: Controlled medical terminologies (CMTs) have been recognized as important tools in a variety of medical informatics applications, ranging from patient-record systems to decision-support systems. Controlled medical terminologies are typically organized in semantic network structures consisting of tens to hundreds of thousands of concepts. This overwhelming size and complexity can be a serious barrier to their maintenance and widespread utilization. The authors propose the use of object-oriented databases to address the problems posed by the extensive scope and high complexity of most CMTs for maintenance personnel and general users alike. DESIGN: The authors present a methodology that allows an existing CMT, modeled as a semantic network, to be represented as an equivalent object-oriented database. Such a representation is called an object-oriented health care terminology repository (OOHTR). RESULTS: The major benefit of an OOHTR is its schema, which provides an important layer of structural abstraction. Using the high-level view of a CMT afforded by the schema, one can gain insight into the CMT's overarching organization and begin to better comprehend it. The authors' methodology is applied to the Medical Entities Dictionary (MED), a large CMT developed at Columbia-Presbyterian Medical Center. Examples of how the OOHTR schema facilitated updating, correcting, and improving the design of the MED are presented. CONCLUSION: The OOHTR schema can serve as an important abstraction mechanism for enhancing comprehension of a large CMT, and thus promotes its usability.  (+info)

Towards a multi-professional patient record--a study of the headings used in clinical practice. (6/1313)

This paper reports on the differences and similarities of headings used in patient records by Swedish health care professionals; nurses, occupational therapists, physiotherapists, dietitians, speech therapists, medical social workers and general practitioners. The background to the study is a national project where representatives from the different health care professions have worked together for two years in an effort to develop a multi-professional database of terms for the health care sector. The study reports on an analysis of the existing multi-professional lists of headings with respect to structure, degree of specialization, synonyms and homonyms. The study is descriptive in nature, gives a status report on the variety of headings used in clinical practice, provides necessary material for a normative approach focusing on a truly multiprofessional patient record in the future.  (+info)

Combining dictionary techniques with extensible markup language (XML)--requirements to a new approach towards flexible and standardized documentation. (7/1313)

In oncology various international and national standards exist for the documentation of different aspects of a disease. Since elements of these standards are repeated in different contexts, a common data dictionary could support consistent representation in any context. For the construction of such a dictionary existing documents have to be worked up in a complex procedure, that considers aspects of hierarchical decomposition of documents and of domain control as well as aspects of user presentation and models of the underlying model of patient data. In contrast to other thesauri, text chunks like definitions or explanations are very important and have to be preserved, since oncologic documentation often means coding and classification on an aggregate level and the safe use of coding systems is an important precondition for comparability of data. This paper discusses the potentials of the use of XML in combination with a dictionary for the promotion and development of standard conformable applications for tumor documentation.  (+info)

Evaluation of a type definition for representing nursing activities within a concept-based terminologic system. (8/1313)

A terminology model is a conceptual representation that is optimized for the management of terminologic definitions. The purpose of this study was to evaluate one component of a terminology model, a type definition for nursing activity concepts. Two research questions were examined: 1) What percentage of nursing activity terms includes the three essential properties of the type definition (Delivery Mode, Activity Focus, and Recipient)? and 2) Can the nursing activity terms be reliably decomposed into the three elements of the type definition? The sample comprised 1039 non-redundant nursing activity terms collected from the health records of patients hospitalized for an AIDS-related condition. Each nursing activity term was decomposed into the three elements of the type definition by three raters. Percent agreement among the raters ranged from 91.5% to 96.2%. All terms included either an Explicit (82.0%) or Implicit (18.0%) Delivery Mode. Activity Focus was present in 95.1% of the terms in the sample. Recipient was coded as Explicit in 19.2%, Implicit in 75.9%, and Ambiguous in 4.8% of the nursing activity terms in the data set. Mapping among nursing terminologies and convergence of nursing terms within large concept-based health care terminologies has been hindered by the lack of a robust concept representation. A type definition is an essential component of such a representation. Further research is needed to refine the type definition and to incorporate it within a terminology model for nursing concepts.  (+info)

The Open Biological and Biomedical Ontology (OBO) Foundry is a collective of ontology developers that are committed to collaboration and adherence to shared principles. The mission of the OBO Foundry is to develop a family of interoperable ontologies that are both logically well-formed and scientifically accurate. To achieve this, OBO Foundry participants voluntarily adhere to and contribute to the development of an evolving set of principles including open use, collaborative development, non-overlapping and strictly-scoped content, and common syntax and relations, based on ontology models that work well, such as the Gene Ontology (GO).. The OBO Foundry is overseen by an Operations Committee with Editorial, Technical and Outreach working groups. The processes of the Editorial working group are modelled on the journal refereeing process. A complete treatment of the OBO Foundry is given in The OBO Foundry: coordinated evolution of ontologies to support biomedical data integration.. On this site ...
The Ontology Lookup Service (OLS) is a repository for biomedical ontologies that aims to provide a single point of access to the latest ontology versions. You can browse the ontologies through the website as well as programmatically via the OLS API. OLS is developed and maintained by the Samples, Phenotypes and Ontologies Team (SPOT) at EMBL-EBI. ...
We present a method and a tool, OntoLearn, aimed at the extraction of domain ontologies from Web sites, and more generally from documents shared among the members of virtual organizations. OntoLearn first extracts a domain terminology from available documents. Then, complex domain terms are semantically interpreted and arranged in a hierarchical fashion. Finally, a general-purpose ontology, WordNet, is trimmed and enriched with the detected domain concepts. The major novel aspect of this approach is semantic interpretation, that is, the association of a complex concept with a complex term. This involves finding the appropriate WordNet concept for each word of a terminological string and the appropriate conceptual relations that hold among the concept components. Semantic interpretation is based on a new word sense disambiguation algorithm, called structural semantic interconnections.
The assumption here of course is that the use of design patterns happened naturally and was not inflated by ulterior motives. So… yes or no: Does a high design pattern density indicate a mature design? Or, does it at least correlate positively?. Disclaimer: Im using Kents and Erichs statement as the motivation for a paper on design pattern density, and I would like to beef it up with further expert witness.. ...
to the RDF exchange syntax for OWL 2 and vice versa. Every OWL 2 ontology can be serialized in RDF, so every OWL 2 ontology in RDF is a valid OWL Full ontology. The RDF syntax of OWL 2 is backwards-compatible with OWL DL, this is, every OWL DL ontology in RDF is a valid OWL 2 ontology. The semantics OWL 2 is defined for ontologies in the functional-style syntax. OWL 2 ontologies serialized in RDF/XML are interpreted by translating them into the functional-style syntax and applying the OWL 2 semantics ...
OWL 2 EL enables polynomial time algorithms for all the standard reasoning tasks; it is particularly suitable for applications where very large ontologies are needed, and where expressive power can be traded for performance guarantees. OWL 2 QL enables conjunctive queries to be answered using standard relational database technology; it is particularly suitable for applications where relatively lightweight ontologies are used to organize large numbers of individuals or where it is useful or necessary to access the data directly via relational queries (e.g., SQL). OWL 2 RL enables the implementation of polynomial time reasoning algorithms using rule-extended database technologies operating directly on RDF triples; it is particularly suitable for applications where relatively lightweight ontologies are used to organize large numbers of individuals or where it is useful or necessary to operate directly on data in the form of RDF triples. Any OWL 2 EL, QL or RL ontology is, of course, also an OWL 2 ...
For non-genomic data, it can be challenging to find an appropriate term for your content type as both the number and maturity of ontologies is decreased. However, a good starting place is EBIs Ontology Lookup Service. At this site you can search for terms that may match your content type. You may find a perfect term, but if you are uncertain if a term is appropriate please open an issue on Tripals GitHub project page to encourage discussion among the community for the ideal term. Not only will this provide you with help and input in your own search for an ontology term, it will also help others with similar data. We intend to add to this page once decisions are made for other data types to make this process easier and encourage sharing of data between Tripal sites. If all else fails and you cannot find an appropriate existing term, it is possible to create a local term using the local vocabulary. In this case describe your term carefully, add it to the database, and use it for content ...
Bio-ontologies provide terminologies for the scientific community to describe biomedical entities in a standardized manner. There are multiple initiatives that are developing biomedical terminologies for the purpose of providing better annotation, data integration and mining capabilities. Terminology resources devised for multiple purposes inherently diverge in content and structure. A major issue of biomedical data integration is the development of overlapping terms, ambiguous classifications and inconsistencies represented across databases and publications. The disease ontology (DO) was developed over the past decade to address data integration, standardization and annotation issues for human disease data. We have established a DO cancer project to be a focused view of cancer terms within the DO. The DO cancer project mapped 386 cancer terms from the Catalogue of Somatic Mutations in Cancer (COSMIC), The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA), International Cancer Genome Consortium, Therapeutically Applicable
Preferred Name: Obinutuzumab Definition: A glycoengineered, humanized IgG1 monoclonal antibody with potential antineoplastic activity. Obinutuzumab, a third generation type II anti-CD20 antibody, selectivity binds to the extracellular domain of the human CD20 antigen on malignant human B cells. The Fc region carbohydrates of the antibody, enriched in bisected non-fucosylated glycosylation variants, contribute to its higher binding affinity for human FcgammaRIII receptors compared to non-glycoengineered antibodies, resulting in enhanced antibody-dependent cellular cytotoxicity (ADCC) and caspase-independent apoptosis. In addition, modification of elbow hinge sequences within the antibody variable framework regions may account for the strong apoptosis-inducing activity of R7159 upon binding to CD20 on target cells. Display Name: Obinutuzumab Label: Obinutuzumab NCI Thesaurus Code: C70741 (Search for linked caDSR metadata) (search value sets) NCI Metathesaurus Link: C2742503 (see NCI Metathesaurus ...
GO-Based Term Semantic Similarity: 10.4018/978-1-4666-3604-0.ch005: As the Gene Ontology (GO) plays more and more important roles in bioinformatics research, there has been great interest in developing objective and accurate
CCO basically contains genes, proteins, interactions (comprising genes or proteins that participate in them), processes from the cell cycle subtree of GO, molecular functions (GO), taxa, and ontological constructs (like an upper level ontology and relationships) to stick everything together. The knowledge represented in the system is expected to grow in quantity (integrating more data and different resources) and quality (organizing everything with Ontology Design Patterns and new relationships).. ...
Chapter 5. Functions in Go One of Gos syntactical tour de force is via its support for higher-order functions as is found in dynamic languages such as Python or Ruby. … - Selection from Go: Design Patterns for Real-World Projects [Book]
Phenotypic qualities (properties). This ontology can be used in conjunction with other ontologies such as GO or anatomical ontologies to refer to phenotypes. Examples of qualities are red, ectopic, high temperature, fused, small, edematous and arrested ...
Top Software for Design Patterns Elements Of : EasyPattern Helper, Aspose.iCalendar for .NET, American English Pronunciation Patterns, Aspose.iCalendar, Craquelure 3D plug-in
CommonJS The CommonJS module proposal specifies a simple API for declaring modules that work outside of the browser (such as on the server). Unlike AMD, it attempts to cover a … - Selection from Learning JavaScript Design Patterns [Book]
Mediator Design Pattern enhanced as a reusable C++ template class.; Author: tojohere; Updated: 11 Apr 2009; Section: C / C++ Language; Chapter: Languages; Updated: 11 Apr 2009
Amy Herzog Designs knitting patterns are designed to flatter your body. Shop Amy Herzog Designs patterns at WEBS - Americas Yarn Store.
Learn what design patterns are, why they are important, and understand the most popular Gang of Four patterns and how they relate to other patterns.
Search for jobs related to Prototype design pattern or hire on the worlds largest freelancing marketplace with 20m+ jobs. Its free to sign up and bid on jobs.
TEAM 4: DESIGN PATTERNS. BY Piyush Vijayvargiya Young Jin Kim Bimesh Giri Arkadiy Gorelik SPRING 2003, COMP 680. Introduction . What is a PATTERN?. Slideshow 5142919 by lada
Description: Ontology alignment, the task of identifying mappings between ontologies, is a key task for knowledge sharing between applications that use different ontologies. Manual alignment is time-consuming and difficult when dealing with large ontologies, which are common in biomedical domain, while automatic alignment shows low coverage. We present a tool with user-friendly GUI for semi-automatic ontology alignment, called NViz. It helps human experts focus on pairs of ontology clusters that are likely to have missing mappings. NViz utilizes a state of-the-art system of ontology alignment, called BOAT, and a hierarchical clustering method. Institution: Nanyang Technological University Contacts: Watson W.K. Chua, Jung-jae Kim, Bui Duc Hieu Home Page: http://nlp.sce.ntu.edu.sg/wiki/projects/nviz/NViz.html ...
Ontologies have been converted into Open Biological Ontologies (OBO) format and are accessible over the web using the Genetic Model Organism Database (GMOD) AmiGO viewer. This program displays and allows free text searches of the SoyBase ontologies. It is accessible at the SoyBase web site at http://soybase.org/ontology.php. In addition, the SoyBase ontologies were also made viewable and searchable at the OBO Foundry website, BioPortal (http://bioportal.bioontology.org/ontologies/47150?p=terms) and at the Generation Challenge Program Crop Ontology website (http://www.cropontology.org/ontology/SOY/SoyBase Soybean Trait Ontology). The existing SoyBase Simple Semantic Web Architechture and Protocol (SSWAP) services have been upgraded and were incorporated into the iPlant Collaboratives Semantic Discovery Environment. SoyBase staff curated 44 Quantitative Trait Locus (QTL) references from the literature, representing 844 new QTL records added to the Soybean Breeders Toolbox and to the Soybean ...
Abstract: Biomedical ontologies are crucial for bridging the gap between biomedical data and biomedical knowledge, since they provide a structured and unambiguous model of the concepts needed to understand a domain. Developing and maintaining a biomedical ontology is a time and effort-consuming task, given the dynamic and expanding nature of biomedical knowledge. This is a relevant issue for very large ontologies which cover a broad domain, for smaller ontologies maintained by a small team and also for domains where being able to perform quick updates is critical (e.g. epidemiology). To help minimize this effort, we can capitalize on ontology engineering methods, such as ontology learning and ontology matching, to provide new candidate concepts for a biomedical ontology, and thus extend it. I am developing a methodology for semi-automated ontology extension, called Auxesia, which aims at addressing two of the biggest issues when working with biomedical ontologies: their size and the complexity ...
The integration of the International Classification of Diseases for Oncology (ICD-O) and the NCI Thesaurus (NCIT) is expected to facilitate the integration of epidemiology data (cancer registries) with basic and clinical research data. We evaluated the degree to which ICD-O and NCIT provide consiste …
We report on an ongoing research project, aiming at a digital as well as a printed edition of the globe on the basis of a new (2011) high-resolution digital photographic record and a 3D reconstruction. Furthermore, there is a database of digitized analog images of its surface taken in 1990 and black-and-white images from 1940. Based on these image data, a comprehensive catalogue of all visually relevant places including text fields is built up by means of a domain ontology for medieval cartography in description logics (OWL-DL). Up to now, nearly 3000 instances (catalogue entries and comments) have been created. These instances are the core of the planned edition. Generic concepts and properties for objects, time and space, events, actors, processes, etc., are represented in a reference ontology, such that domain specific concepts are derived from the generic ones. The ICOM/CIDOCs Conceptual Reference Model CRM (ISO 21227) is such a reference ontology; our implementation Erlangen CRM provides ...
you can specify that the thesaurus created be case-sensitive.. In addition, when a case-sensitive thesaurus is specified in a query, the thesaurus lookup uses the query terms exactly as entered in the query. Therefore, queries that use case-sensitive thesauri allow for a higher level of precision in the query expansion, which helps lookup when and only when you have a case-sensitive index.. For example, a case-sensitive thesaurus is created with different entries for the distinct meanings of the terms Turkey (the country) and turkey (the type of bird). Using the thesaurus, a query for Turkey expands to include only the entries associated with Turkey.. ...
Ontologies are being developed for the life sciences to standardise the way we describe and interpret the wealth of data currently being generated. As more ontology based applications begin to emerge, tools are required that enable domain experts to contribute their knowledge to the growing pool of ontologies. There are many barriers that prevent domain experts engaging in the ontology development process and novel tools are needed to break down these barriers to engage a wider community of scientists. We present Populous, a tool for gathering content with which to construct an ontology. Domain experts need to add content, that is often repetitive in its form, but without having to tackle the underlying ontological representation. Populous presents users with a table based form in which columns are constrained to take values from particular ontologies. Populated tables are mapped to patterns that can then be used to automatically generate the ontologys content. These forms can be exported as
The prevelance of digital information raised issues regarding the suitability of conventional library tools for organizing information. The multi-dimensionality of digital resources requires a more versatile and flexible representation to accommodate intelligent information representation and retrieval. Ontologies are used as a solution to such issues in many application domains, mainly due to their ability to explicitly specify the semantics and relations and to express them in a computer understandable language. Conventional knowledge organization tools such as classifications and thesauri resemble ontologies in a way that they define concepts and relationships in a systematic manner, but they are less expressive than ontologies when it comes to machine language. This paper used the controlled vocabulary at the Gateway to Educational Materials (GEM) as an example to address the issues in representing digital resouces. The theoretical and methodological framework in this paper serves as the rationale
Description: The goal of DDI project is to develop an ontology for the description of drug discovery investigations. DDI aims to follow to the OBO (Open Biomedical Ontologies) Foundry principles, uses relations laid down in the OBO Relation Ontology, and be compliant with Ontology for biomedical investigations (OBI). Institution: Aberystwyth University Contacts: Da Qi, Larisa Soldatova, Ross King, Andrew Hopkins, Richard Bickerton Home Page: http://purl.org/ddi/home ...
Gene functional annotations are an essential part of knowledge discovery in the analysis of large datasets, with the Gene Ontology [Ashburner et al., 2000] as the de facto standard for such annotations. A considerable number of approaches for quantifying functional similarity between gene products based on the semantic similarity between their annotations have been developed, but little guidance exists as to which of these measures are the most appropriate for different purposes. This was addressed here by comparing the performances of a number of similarity measures and associated parameters. This comparison provided some interesting new insights as well as confirming emerging trends from the literature. There is also a pressing need for novel ways of applying these measures to facilitate the functional analysis of lists of gene products. We developed a novel algorithm, FuSiGroups, to group GO terms based on their semantic similarity and genes based on their functional similarity. This two-fold ...
pat wrote] ,, ,... ,, , ,, ,, I would ask for this notion of role to be clarified before giving a ,, ,, detailed response. The existing RDFS model theory does not recognize ,, ,, any roles. ,, , ,, ,Yes, the existing RDFS model theory does not recognize any dual roles. ,, , ,, ,Based on my understanding, RDFS (RDF and RDF Schema) can be used as ,, ,a meta-language (a language for defining other ontology languages) ,, ,as well as an ontology language. ,, ,, That is not exactly my understanding, although we may be simply using ,, terminology slightly differently. ,, ,, RDF is a language for making simple assertions about things (which ,, can be anything, in principle). The primary intended purpose of ,, RDF(S) is to provide for semantic markup of web pages to express ,, content in a machine-usable form. It is essentially a small subset of ,, a first-order logic. It can be, and is intended to be, used as a ,, foundation for other, richer, languages which are extensions of RDF ,, (and include ...
Description: In the context of prenatal diagnosis of fetal malformation, knowledge of similar and resolved cases (i.e. previous cases with a diagnosis validated by fetal post-mortem examination) is essential for diagnosis orientation. Therefore, access to biomedical data collected over the years by fetopathological experts is crucial.This work addresses the imperious need to gather all the fetopathological data and to make it easily accessible for an effective use of this collective memory. Our research hypothesis is that scanning fetopathological medical records will bring added value in terms of knowledge, allowing the design of a fetal abnormalities knowledge-base. The medical records will be structured and enriched by indexing using ontological and terminological resources and their links with external knowledge (publications, databases). Semantic and linguistic processes will provide access to similar cases. Institution: Inserm, Paris, France Contacts: Jean Charlet, Xavier Aim, Andreea ...
HIPAASpace RESTful API is an application programming interface (API) that provides simplest, lightweight, robust, seamless integration with HIPAASpace International Classification of Diseases Version 10 data service.
HIPAASpace RESTful API is an application programming interface (API) that provides simplest, lightweight, robust, seamless integration with HIPAASpace Animal Drug Product data service.
Trying to learn ? We can help! Memorize these flashcards or create your own flashcards with Cram.com. Learn a new language today.
Trying to learn ? We can help! Memorize these flashcards or create your own flashcards with Cram.com. Learn a new language today.
NCS partners some of the best healthcare technology providers to deliver seamless and quality care at the community, secondary, and tertiary levels. We provide solutions that support a dynamic, patient-centric environment that keeps up with rapid changes in healthcare needs and policies.. NCS healthcare consultants are well-versed in clinical vocabularies, terminologies, and classification systems related to disease reporting, tests, adverse drug reactions, quality of life, and case mix acuity. We also have extensive experience in the development, implementation, variance analysis, and reporting of clinical indicators and clinical pathways (protocols) for each disease and procedural group.. NCS improves processes and implements modules that deliver efficient operations at healthcare institutions. This also leads to better management of healthcare costs. Our solutions include:. ...
SUMO (Suggested Upper Merged Ontology) ;; ================================================ ;; This is the source file for the SUMO (Suggested Upper Merged Ontology), ;; an ontology that was developed within the SUO Working Group by merging ;; the SUO candidate content sources and refining and extending this content on ;; the basis of various knowledge engineering projects and input from the SUO ;; Working Group. ;; The SUMO incorporates John Sowas upper ontology (as described at ;; http://www.bestweb.net/~sowa/ontology/toplevel.htm and in Chapter 2 of his ;; book _Knowledge Representation_, Brooks/Cole, 2000), Russell and Norvigs ;; ontology, PSL (Process Specification Language), Casati and Varzis theory of ;; holes, Allens temporal axioms, the relatively noncontroversial elements of ;; Smiths and Guarinos respective mereotopologies, the KIF formalization of the ;; CPR (Core Plan Representation), the ontologies available on the Ontolingua ;; server maintained by Stanford Universitys ...
SUMO (Suggested Upper Merged Ontology) ;; ================================================ ;; This is the source file for the SUMO (Suggested Upper Merged Ontology), ;; an ontology that was developed within the SUO Working Group by merging ;; the SUO candidate content sources and refining and extending this content on ;; the basis of various knowledge engineering projects and input from the SUO ;; Working Group. ;; The SUMO incorporates John Sowas upper ontology (as described at ;; http://www.bestweb.net/~sowa/ontology/toplevel.htm and in Chapter 2 of his ;; book _Knowledge Representation_, Brooks/Cole, 2000), Russell and Norvigs ;; ontology, PSL (Process Specification Language), Casati and Varzis theory of ;; holes, Allens temporal axioms, the relatively noncontroversial elements of ;; Smiths and Guarinos respective mereotopologies, the KIF formalization of the ;; CPR (Core Plan Representation), the ontologies available on the Ontolingua ;; server maintained by Stanford Universitys ...
View value sets organized by standards category or source terminology. Standards categories group the value sets supporting them; all other labels lead to the home pages of actual value sets or source terminologies. Search or browse a value set from its home page, or search all value sets at once from this page (very slow) to find which ones contain a particular code or term. Many of these value sets are subsets of NCI Thesaurus that are developed jointly with EVS partners as federal and international coding standards (see the NCI Thesaurus Subsets page).. ...
The Hillside Group is a nonprofit corporation dedicated to improving human communication about computers by encouraging people to codify common programming and design practice. We sponsor conferences like PLoP, EuroPLoP, UP, ChiliPLoP, Mensore PLoP, KoalaPLoP and SugarLoafPLoP
Computational approaches to study biochemistry require machine accessible representations of biochemical knowledge. Based on the requirements for assembling, managing and analysing genome-scale constraint-based models of liver metabolism we developed a semantic data model for representation of liver biochemical knowledge. Employing a role-based representation of biochemical processes as molecular events specified in the Web Ontology Language (OWL) we here outline an information model that employs ...
When using custom widgets and controls to construct a web page or application, the first requirement is that they are appropriate for the task they are intended to support, such as: data entry, controlling what content is displayed on screen, or navigation.
This article shows a case study about how we use the Prototype pattern to Elizabeths fun activity; Author: Allen _ Wang; Updated: 23 Sep 2009; Section: Design and Architecture; Chapter: Development Lifecycle; Updated: 23 Sep 2009
Medical and Dental Space Planning: A Comprehensive Guide to Design, Equipment, and Clinical Procedures (4th edition) By Jain Malkin ...
If youre serious about fashion designing, this Course is for you. Pattern Drafting (or Pattern Making) is an essential skill in creating a Fashion Collection. . ..
The National Center for Biomedical Ontology was founded as one of the National Centers for Biomedical Computing, supported by the NHGRI, the NHLBI, and the NIH Common Fund under grant U54-HG004028.. ...
Hi all, The OBO Foundry is currently working on some new and improved ontology management strategies. As these strategies and infrastructure mature, we will be making announcements on the OBO-Discuss mailing list and contacting each ontology steward. Because this listserve is currently listed as a contact for an OBO Foundry registered ontology, we would request that someone on this list please suggest a contact person. Please note that we will continue to maintain links to these associated listserves. Each ontology contact/steward (regardless if OBO or OWL) should subscribe to obo-discuss. You can do so here: https://lists.sourceforge.net/lists/listinfo/obo-discuss We would be grateful for your help in accomplishing our goal of having a contact person for each OBO ontology registered with the Foundry. On behalf of the OBO Foundry, Melissa Dr. Melissa Haendel Assistant Professor Ontology Development Group, OHSU Library http://www.ohsu.edu/library/ Department of Medical Informatics and ...
Medical Terminology Interactive -- Access Card -- for Medical Terminology: A Living Language . You can also read and download new and old full E-Books. Enjoy and relax with full Medical Terminology Interactive -- Access Card -- for Medical Terminology: A Living Language Books Online ...
Take a journey through the human body and learn medical terminology related to all 11 of its organ systems. In this course, we discuss diseases of the cardiovascular, lymphatic, respiratory, nervous, skeletal, muscular, integumentary (skin), urinary, digestive, and male and female reproductive systems. We also go over different diagnostic and treatment procedures for each system. As you progress through the course, youll learn the meaning of many prefixes, root words, and suffixes, and youll greatly increase your medical terminology vocabulary!. To reinforce your learning, the lessons include activities and assignments designed to give you additional practice in understanding and remembering the medical terminology taught in this course. By the end of this course, youll find that you have greatly increased your knowledge of medical terminology as well as broadened your understanding of human disease!. ...
Take a journey through the human body and learn medical terminology related to all 11 of its organ systems. In this course, youll learn about diseases of the cardiovascular, lymphatic, respiratory, nervous, skeletal, muscular, integumentary (skin), urinary, digestive, and male and female reproductive systems. Youll also go over different diagnostic and treatment procedures for each system. As you progress through the course, youll learn the meaning of many prefixes, root words, and suffixes, and youll greatly increase your medical terminology vocabulary!. To reinforce your learning, the lessons include activities and assignments designed to give you additional practice in understanding and remembering the medical terminology taught in this course. By the end of this course, youll find that you have greatly increased your knowledge of medical terminology as well as broadened your understanding of human disease!. ...
A (software) design pattern is a general solution to a common problem in software design. It is a description or template for how to solve a problem, that can be used in different situations. A design pattern typically shows relationship and interaction between classes or objects, without specifying final application classes or objects that are involved. Patterns identify and specify abstractions that are above the level of single classes and instances. ...
D1600 - 14 Standard Terminology for Abbreviated Terms Relating to Plastics , abbreviated terms, code numbers, flame retardants, monomers, plastic blends and alloys, plastics, plasticizers, terminology symbols,
Authors: Boulos, Maged N. Kamel Article Type: Research Article Abstract: HealthCyberMap (http://healthcybermap.semanticweb.org ) is a Semantic Web project that aims at mapping selected parts of health information resources in cyberspace in novel semantic ways to improve their retrieval and navigation. This paper describes HealthCyberMap semantic subject search engine methodology and early prototype which attempt to overcome the limitations of conventional free text search engines. Explicit concepts in resource metadata map onto a brokering domain ontology (a clinical terminology or classification) allowing a Semantic Web search engine to infer implicit meanings (synonyms and semantic relationships) not directly mentioned in either the resource or its metadata. Similarly, user queries would map to …the same ontology allowing the search engine to infer the implicit semantics of user queries and use them to optimise retrieval. Related issues of metadata, clinical terminologies and automatic vs. ...
Basic medical terminology is used to precisely describe the human body components, processes, illnesses, medical procedures, and pharmacology. Medical terms are used in the field of medicine, and clinical settings. This section deals with all med terms beginning with the letter M, and features a med term prefix list along with roots and suffixes.. Letter M - Cusis Medical Term Medical Terminology - A to Z ...
Elucidation of the direct/indirect protein interactions and gene associations is required to fully understand the workings of the cell. This can be achieved through the use of both low- and high-throughput biological experiments and in silico methods. We present GAP (Gene functional Association Predictor), an integrative method for predicting and characterizing gene functional associations. GAP integrates different biological features using a novel taxonomy-based semantic similarity measure in predicting and prioritizing high-quality putative gene associations. The proposed similarity measure increases information gain from the available gene annotations. The annotation information is incorporated from several public pathway databases, Gene Ontology annotations as well as drug and disease associations from the scientific literature. We evaluated GAP by comparing its prediction performance with several other well-known functional interaction prediction tools over a comprehensive dataset of known direct
Ch 5 - Prefixes - Building a Medical Vocabulary with Spanish Translations - Ch 5 - Prefixes, suffixes, and CFs to build Medical Terms
Confidential Reverse Phone Lookup Service: Can I Do A Reverse Cell Phone Number Search For Free, free cell phone lookup number locator online, cell phone accessories business names, how do i find my local royal mail sorting office, address find white pages cell phone numbers free.
Knowledge Representation furthers research on formalisms and tools for semantically precise and computable knowledge representation in relation to biomedicine.. Informaticians working in this area-Biomedical Knowledge Representation and Semantics-are interested in knowledge representation techniques (e.g., frames, semantic network and description logics), biomedical ontologies (e.g., SNOMED CT and Gene Ontology), semantic web representations (e.g., RDF, SKOS and OWL), and technologies. They explore the role of knowledge representation in knowledge management, data integration and interoperability, biomedical reasoning (inferencing) and decision support, and study current trends and future directions of this exciting field.. Visit the online community for this group at http://connect.amia.org/KRS-WG. To send a message to this group, please use ...
How is Defense Alliance for Advanced Medical Terminology abbreviated? DAAMT stands for Defense Alliance for Advanced Medical Terminology. DAAMT is defined as Defense Alliance for Advanced Medical Terminology very rarely.
Some of the selected vocabularies have base URI entered. Do you want to replace relations in other vocabularies that are pointing to the deletable vocabulary with fully qualified URIs?. ...
Some of the selected vocabularies have base URI entered. Do you want to replace relations in other vocabularies that are pointing to the deletable vocabulary with fully qualified URIs?. ...
Control theory[edit]. In control theory, a typical problem is to find an admissible control u. ∗. {\displaystyle \mathbf {u ... "J Vocabulary. J Software. Retrieved 28 October 2011.. *^ DeLisi, Biopolymers, 1974, Volume 13, Issue 7, pages 1511-1512, July ... The solution to this problem is an optimal control law or policy u. ∗. =. h. (. x. (. t. ). ,. t. ). {\displaystyle \mathbf {u ... Kamien, M. I.; Schwartz, N. L. (1991). Dynamic Optimization: The Calculus of Variations and Optimal Control in Economics and ...
Lancaster, F. W. (1986). Vocabulary control for information retrieval. 2nd. ed. Arlington, Va.: Information Resources Press. ...
Vrabel, Ani (May 19, 2010). "Cary Brothers: Under Control". Paste. Retrieved April 6, 2018. Fryberger, Scott (April 1, 2010). " ... Reed, Ryan (July 8, 2010). "Bobby McFerrin: VOCAbuLarieS". PopMatters. Retrieved April 6, 2018. ...
Indexing with a controlled vocabulary (12,500 terms) also references items such as cited references, corresponding author's e- ... It is indexed by references, abstracts, and 40,000 controlled vocabulary terms.[22] ... Major subject areas are theory, circuits, components and materials, control and systems, power systems, telecommunications, ...
In addition to addressing issues with the control scheme, Super Scribblenauts includes a larger vocabulary including the use of ... Ohannessian, Kevin (2009-09-15). "In Scribblenauts, Your Vocabulary Controls the Game". Fast Company. Retrieved 2009-09-15. ... they would have appreciated the option for customizing the controls. The decision to use the touch screen controls was ... The player controls a character named Maxwell, who must collect objects called "Starites" to complete each level. Maxwell is ...
Section 5: The Mill Hill Vocabulary Scale. San Antonio, TX: Harcourt Assessment. Raven, J. C. (1944). Controlled Projection. ... tests and the latter by a vocabulary test which later became known as the Mill Hill Vocabulary Test (MHV). The development of ... Alongside this, he did undertake further work with the Vocabulary tests (i.e. a measure of reproductive ability) which he came ... London: H. K. Lewis; Raven, J., Raven, J. C., & Court, J. H. (1998). Manual for Raven's Progressive Matrices and Vocabulary ...
illustrated lecture) "Festival books". Controlled Vocabularies: Genre Terms. USA: Association of College and Research Libraries ...
A Controlled Vocabulary of Plant Structures and Growth Stages". Comparative and Functional Genomics. 6 (7-8): 388-397. doi: ... A community resource for plant structure and developmental stages controlled vocabulary and annotations". Nucleic Acids ... "The Plant Structure Ontology, a Unified Vocabulary of Anatomy and Morphology of a Flowering Plant". Plant Physiology. 143 (2 ...
"Status Quo - Dictionary Definition". vocabulary.com. vocabulary.com. Retrieved 8 February 2015. Seymour, Daniel (2015-12-07). ... "Religion and Social Control." Boundless Sociology. Boundless, 27 Jun. 2014. Retrieved 08 Feb. 2015 [1]. ...
p. 2. ISBN 978-0-275-96886-1. Socialism may be defined as movements for social ownership and control of the economy. It is this ... Williams, Raymond (1985) [1976]. "Socialism". Keywords: A Vocabulary of Culture and Society (revised ed.). New York: Oxford ... 28 "Authority is defined in terms of the right to exercise social control (as explored in the "sociology of power") and the ... 305 "So, libertarian socialism rejects the idea of state ownership and control of the economy, along with the state as such." " ...
Controlled vocabulary Lexigraf Terminology Henning Bergenholtz/Sven Tarp (eds.) (1995): Manual of Specialised Lexicography. ...
We can divide the controlled vocabulary into two groups. The first group is Abbreviation form of the basic strokes. The second ... A naming convention is a classification scheme where a controlled vocabulary is used systematically to describe the ... Notice that some names in the list have not followed the rules of controlled vocabulary. For example, stroke P is not found in ...
Final editorial control of CONA is maintained by the Getty Vocabulary Program, using well-established editorial rules. ... Vocabulary Coordination System). Contributors to the Getty Vocabularies and implementers of the licensed vocabulary data may ... By using terms from all four Getty Vocabularies to control many of these fields, CONA uses linked data principles to pull ... The Cultural Objects Name Authority (CONA) is a project by the Getty Research Institute to create a controlled vocabulary ...
ISBN 978-0-8493-9712-7. "GLBT Controlled Vocabularies and Classification Schemes". American Library Association. 2009-12-29. ... Annotated bibliography of controlled LGBT controlled vocabulary resources: http://www.ala.org/glbtrt/popularresources/vocab# ... controlled_vocabularies Abate, Michelle Ann and Kenneth Kidd, eds., Over the Rainbow: Queer Children's and Young Adult ... Broadening these official vocabularies to affirm language and identities within the LGBTQ community creates broader acceptance ...
Quality control (QC) is implemented as a means of fulfilling quality requirements, reviewing all factors involved in production ... ISBN 978-0-06-091360-1. TC 176/SC (2005). ISO 9000:2005, Quality management systems -- Fundamentals and vocabulary. ... Radford, G.S. (1922). The Control of Quality in Manufacturing. Ronald Press Company. pp. 404. "ISO 9002 and 9003: Is ISO 9001 a ... Kano, Noriaki (1984-04-01). "Attractive quality and must-be quality". The Journal of the Japanese Society for Quality Control: ...
Because of his gentle personality, he is often controlled by Ichika. The Kimuras Lives across the street from the Enoki's. ... Though younger than Minoru, his vocabulary is better than Minoru's. Also very intelligent. ...
Final editorial control of the AAT is maintained by the Getty Vocabulary Program, part of the Getty Research Institute. Since ... Vocabulary Coordination System). Contributors to the Getty Vocabularies and implementers of the licensed vocabulary data may ... The Art & Architecture Thesaurus (AAT) is a controlled vocabulary used for describing items of art, architecture, and material ... Automation required consistency in cataloging as well as more efficient retrieval of information; a controlled vocabulary was a ...
These do not belong to the controlled vocabulary as such; instead they enlarge the thesaurus and contain links to the closest ... Medical Subject Headings (MeSH) is a comprehensive controlled vocabulary for the purpose of indexing journal articles and books ... MeSH vocabulary is divided into four types of terms. The main ones are the "headings" (also known as MeSH headings or ...
"Controlled vocabularies and semantics in Systems Biology". Molecular Systems Biology. 7: 543. doi:10.1038/msb.2011.77. PMC ...
"Controlled vocabularies and semantics in systems biology". Molecular Systems Biology. 7: 543. doi:10.1038/msb.2011.77. PMC ... and control elements of bio-models and biological systems in Systems Biology and Synthetic Biology. Courtot, M.; Juty, N.; ...
"Controlled vocabularies and semantics in systems biology". Molecular Systems Biology. 7: 543. doi:10.1038/msb.2011.77. PMC ...
Bird, Steven; Simons, Gary (2001). "The OLAC Metadata Set and Controlled Vocabularies". ACL Anthology. Proceedings of the ACL ...
Getty Vocabularies and the Library of Congress Controlled Vocabularies are reputable within the museum community and are ... Using controlled vocabularies for the components of metacontent statements, whether for indexing or finding, is endorsed by ISO ... Tools such as controlled vocabularies, taxonomies, thesauri, data dictionaries, and metadata registries can be used to apply ... The third element is a value, preferably from some controlled vocabulary, some reference (master) data. The combination of the ...
Gal4 is a transcriptional activator that controls the expression of GAL1, GAL7, and GAL10 (all of which code for the metabolic ... For vocabulary, see Glossary of gene expression terms.. Regulation of gene expression by a hormone receptor ... The translation of mRNA can also be controlled by a number of mechanisms, mostly at the level of initiation. Recruitment of the ... The molecule is said to "induce expression". The manner by which this happens is dependent on the control mechanisms as well as ...
Translation memory Glossary Dictionary Controlled vocabulary Wright, Sue Ellen & Budin, Gerhard. Handbook of terminology ...
Indexing with a controlled vocabulary (12,500 terms) also references items such as cited references, corresponding author's e- ... It is indexed by references, abstracts, and 40,000 controlled vocabulary terms. The Aerospace and High Technology Database is a ... Major subject areas are theory, circuits, components and materials, control and systems, power systems, telecommunications, ... and quality control (including testing). CSA publishes Ceramic Abstracts / World Ceramics Abstracts in conjunction with CERAM ...
"Public Health Information Network Vocabulary Access and Distribution System (PHIN VADS)". Centers for Disease Control and ...
They may also include subject headings drawn from LCSH, AAT, or other controlled vocabulary, and may cross-refer to related ... Fenton, Candida (2010). "Use of controlled vocabulary and thesauri in UK online finding aids". Journal of the Society of ... For example, Encoded Archival Description calls for a basic description of the collection, a list of controlled vocabulary ... repositories as a means of organizing their collections because it allowed for them to intellectually and physically control ...
However, he found the controls confusing and the futuristic vocabulary contrived. In addition, the README file contained ... There is a player-controlled option to either keep all changes to the terrain on the hard disk or discard the changes each time ... computer-controlled Vangers. Worlds in Vangers were designed by means of Surmap A.R.T., K-D Lab's proprietary terrain editor, ...
1930-Interim Report on Vocabulary Selection, The Principles of Romanization. *1931-Second Interim Report on Vocabulary ... Authority control * WorldCat Identities. *BIBSYS: 90844832. *GND: 101480059. *ISNI: 0000 0001 0958 9032 ... Adapted and Rewritten within the Thousand-word Vocabulary. London, Harrap. Palmer, H. E. and J. V. Martin (1926). English ... 1936). Interim Report on Vocabulary Selection for the Teaching of English as a Foreign Language. London, King. [Introduction ...
... had a thirst for power.[427] He was introspective,[428] self-effacing,[429] and displayed self-control.[429] He was ... New neologisms were introduced and everyday vocabulary was altered to encourage a more collectivist mentality; Cambodians were ... Cambodia was a monarchy, but the French colonial regime, not the king, was in political control.[11] Sâr's family had ... In early 1972, Pol Pot embarked on his first tour of the Marxist-controlled areas across Cambodia.[173] In these areas, called ...
... morphosyntax and vocabulary", "Na actualidade, desde o ponto de vista estrictamente lingüístico, ás dúas marxes do Miño fálase ... argue that they have become separate languages due to major differences in phonetics and vocabulary usage, and, to a lesser ... in spite of superficial differences in phonology and vocabulary, while others, such as Pilar Vázquez Cuesta, ...
The modern Bengali vocabulary contains the vocabulary base from Magadhi Prakrit and Pali, also tatsamas and reborrowings from ... The productive vocabulary used in modern literary works, in fact, is made up mostly (67%) of tadbhavas, while tatsamas comprise ... Even in SCB, the vocabulary may differ according to the speaker's religion: Hindus are more likely to use words derived from ... Main article: Bengali vocabulary. Bengali has as many as 100,000 separate words, of which 50,000 are considered Tadbhavas, ...
Building Your New Testament Greek Vocabulary (Resources for Biblical Study) (third edition, 2001) ... Authority control *BNF: cb124562454 (data). *ISNI: 0000 0001 1596 6439. *LCCN: n88137846 ...
Limited vocabulary. Most common. Least common. Speech therapy Cardiovascular complications. Mitral valve dysfunction, ... Researchers believe that this protein helps control the activity of other genes and plays an important role in the brain. The ...
"FHTET Biological Control Program-Sponsored Projects" (PDF). FHTET Biological Control Program. USDA Forest Service. Retrieved 10 ... The name Brassicaceae comes to international scientific vocabulary from New Latin, from Brassica, the type genus, + -aceae,[11] ... plants.ifas.ufl.edu/manage/control-methods/biological-control/ *^ a b Driesche, F.V.; Blossey, B.; Hoodle, M.; Lyon, S.; ... Given that not one of an estimated 76 species that prey on the plant has been approved for biological control in North America ...
Details are often printed on a Process Flow Diagram which is used to control the capacity and reliability of a new or modified ... became common vocabulary in England after 1850.[6] By 1910, the profession, "chemical engineer," was already in common use in ... Operators in a chemical plant using an older analog control board, seen in East-Germany, 1986. ... 19-22). "Project Engineering: Interdisciplinary Coordination and Overall Engineering Quality Control". Proc. of the Annual IAC ...
The muscles controlling micturition are controlled by the autonomic and somatic nervous systems. During the storage phase the ... "excuse yourself to go to the toilet politely - English Vocabulary - English - The Free Dictionary Language Forums". forum. ... Voluntary control. The mechanism by which voluntary urination is initiated remains unsettled.[13] One possibility is that the ... In healthy humans (and many other animals) the process of urination is under voluntary control. In infants, some elderly ...
Word names come from English vocabulary words. Feminine names of this sort-in more languages than English, and more cultures ...
Derickx, Lisa; Pedro M. Antunes (2013). A guide to the identification and control of exotic invasive species in Ontario's ... In an attempt to avoid the ambiguous, subjective, and pejorative vocabulary that so often accompanies discussion of invasive ... Estimated damage and control cost of invasive species in the U.S. alone amount to more than $138 billion annually.[94] Economic ... "Ballast Water Management for Control of Non-Indigenous Species in Waters of the United States" (PDF).. ...
Marking controls of household appliances. Most people, once they have been visually impaired for long enough, devise their own ... vocabulary development, concept development, and comprehension skill development. Many children with low vision can be ... The Center for Disease Control and Prevention estimates that half of blindness in the United States is preventable.[2] ...
The upper Thames area soon came under Anglo-Saxon control but the remainder of the region was in British control until the 6th ... idiom and vocabulary were best preserved in the Somerset dialect. There is some influence from the Welsh and Cornish languages ... Drayton Controls, market-leading thermostatic radiator valves for central heating, previously owned by Invensys Controls UK). ... Moog Controls UK, on the Ashchurch Ind Estate by Ashchurch for Tewkesbury near junction 9 (A46) of the M5, make servo valves ...
By this time the central government had the situation in southern Sulawesi pretty much under control but in the north they had ... based on a detailed study of the phonology and vocabulary.[35] ... so that eventually Spain controlled all of the Minahasa. It was ... the Netherlands were occupied by the French imperial forces of Napoleon and the Minahasa came under English control. In 1817 ...
They sometimes even multiply to the point of becoming a nuisance or pest, and a threat to local ecosystems, and control ... has been shown to have a vocabulary around a thousand words, and has displayed an ability to invent and use words in context in ... "Control of introduced mammalian predators improves kaka Nestor meridionalis breeding success: reversing the decline of a ...
"RDF Vocabulary Description Language 1.0. World Wide Web Consortium. Retrieved 20 April 2010.. ... OWL Full allows an ontology to augment the meaning of the pre-defined (RDF or OWL) vocabulary. OWL Full is undecidable, so no ... vocabulary.[44] A model theory describes the formal semantics for RDF.[45] This interpretation provides the meaning of RDF and ... a language for RDF vocabulary sharing. The RDF became a W3C Recommendation in February 1999, and RDFS a Candidate ...
"Back Translation for Quality Control of Informed Consent Forms" (PDF). Journal of Clinical Research Best Practices. Archived ... with substantial borrowings of Chinese vocabulary and writing system. Notable is the Japanese kanbun, a system for glossing ... Weinberger points out, however, that when an "I" as a subject is inserted, a "controlling individual mind of the poet" enters ...
A limited vocabulary and common technique, and the same world of imagery and subject matter based mainly on Islamic sources, ... "Official Certificates" for legally published books do not solve the problem, because controlling the illegal book trade remains ... Şafak was distinguished first by her use of extensive vocabulary and then became one of the pioneers in Turkish literature in ... in vocabulary), have become longer. They indicate that the increase in word lengths with time can be attributed to the ...
International organisations have determined vocabularies that are often used as standard vocabularies for subdisciplines of ... the right arm and leg are controlled by the left, contralateral, side of the brain. ... Much of this information has been standardised in internationally agreed vocabularies for humans (Terminologia Anatomica)[2] ...
... sordid and depressing as their literary vocabulary".[2] ... Authority control General. *Integrated Authority File (Germany) ...
The controlled, standardized vocabulary for each structure is located in an unambiguous, strict physical hierarchy, and these ... The controlled vocabulary is suitable for uniquely indexing neuroanatomical information in digital databases. ...
... an open standard by The Open Group that provides the foundation for building an enterprise-wide Controlled vocabulary enabling ... Transmission Control Protocol (TCP) (a specification of the IETF for implementing streams of data on top of IP - specifically, ... You can't propose that something be a universal space and at the same time keep control of it." [51] ... k) Open standards: technical specifications, published and controlled by an organization in charge of their development, that ...
Lower estimates do not include those killed in all Axis-controlled countries. A detailed study by Sybil Milton, formerly senior ... but have retained Romani-derived vocabulary as an in-group code. Such codes, for instance Angloromani (Britain), Caló (Spain), ... "included efforts by social services to control the birth rate in the Romani community. The problem of sexual sterilisation ... "Mitochondrial DNA control region analysis of three ethnic groups in the Republic of Macedonia". Forensic Science International ...
A significant number of words in the Malay vocabulary can trace their origins to Arabic which is the common language of Islamic ... "Claiming 'Christian' DAP in control of Dr M, Umno man plans Parliament protest". Malay Mail. Kuala Lumpur. ...
Vocabulary. The vocabulary of Tamil is mainly Dravidian. A strong sense of linguistic purism is found in Modern Tamil,[119] ... For example, it is possible to write centamiḻ with a vocabulary drawn from caṅkattamiḻ, or to use forms associated with one of ... order: 9,000 words to enter Tamil vocabulary". The Hindu. Chennai: Kasturi & Sons. 9 November 2019. p. 2. Retrieved 29 December ... In November 2019, the state government issued an order to add 9,000 new words to the vocabulary.[134] ...
Most hierarchies use a more specific vocabulary pertaining to their subject, but the idea behind them is the same. For example ... constraints and flexible control". In Belli, Fevzi (ed.). Industrial and Engineering Applications of Artificial Intelligence ... Hierarchies have their own special vocabulary. These terms are easiest to understand when a hierarchy is diagrammed (see below ...
The vocabulary used within the Hebrew language has been altered from its original form due to its reintroduction to various ... Authority control. *LCCN: sh85059867. *GND: 4023922-6. *SUDOC: 027233618. *BNF: cb11932008q (data) ... Like most other languages, the vocabulary of the Hebrew language is divided into verbs, nouns, adjectives, and so on, and its ... A constructed modern language with a truly Semitic vocabulary and written appearance, although often European in phonology, was ...
... controlled vocabulary used to index MEDLINE articles. They may also require complex search strategies, use of field names (tags ... "prevention and control"[Subheading] OR ("prevention"[All Fields] AND "control"[All Fields]) OR "prevention and control"[All ... and the International Standard Randomized Controlled Trial Number Register (IRCTN identifier).[16] ...
During WWII, the pro-Nazi Vichy government controlled Martinique under Admiral Georges Robert.[6] German U-boats used ... vocabulary and pronunciation, though over the years it has progressively adopted features of Standard French. ... Mongooses (Herpestes auropunctatus), introduced in the 1800s to control the snake population, have become a particularly ... Britain controlled the island for most of the time from 1794-1815, when it was traded back to France at the conclusion of the ...
controlled vocabulary (plural controlled vocabularies). *(information science) A carefully selected set of terms - words and ... Retrieved from "https://en.wiktionary.org/w/index.php?title=controlled_vocabulary&oldid=44658065" ...
... indexers usually rely on the external authority of a controlled vocabulary. Controlled vocabularies allow indexers to resolve ... Controlled vocabularies also establish hierarchical relationships among related terms. Such hierarchies most often take the ... The vocabularies establish preferred terms with cross-references from alternative forms of entry. Thus, all relevant references ... Controlled Vocabulary Indexing Controlled Vocabulary Indexing. Chapter:. (p. 425) Medical Indexes. Author(s):. Bruce McGregor. ...
The National Center for Biomedical Ontology was founded as one of the National Centers for Biomedical Computing, supported by the NHGRI, the NHLBI, and the NIH Common Fund under grant U54-HG004028.. ...
"Vocabulary, Controlled" is a descriptor in the National Library of Medicines controlled vocabulary thesaurus, MeSH (Medical ... Controlled" by people in Harvard Catalyst Profiles by year, and whether "Vocabulary, Controlled" was a major or minor topic of ... Below are the most recent publications written about "Vocabulary, Controlled" by people in Profiles. ... Below are MeSH descriptors whose meaning is more general than "Vocabulary, Controlled". ...
A primary goal of the POC is to develop simple yet robust and extensible controlled vocabularies that accurately reflect the ... Plant Ontology (PO): a Controlled Vocabulary of Plant Structures and Growth Stages Comp Funct Genomics. 2005;6(7-8):388-97. doi ... A primary goal of the POC is to develop simple yet robust and extensible controlled vocabularies that accurately reflect the ... The current version of the ontology integrates diverse vocabularies used to describe Arabidopsis, maize and rice (Oryza sp.) ...
Authority control Controlled natural language Defining vocabulary IMS Vocabulary Definition Exchange Named-entity recognition ... scope of the controlled vocabulary). Controlled vocabularies also typically handle the problem of homographs with qualifiers. ... controlled vocabularies may be introduced to improve technical communication. The use of controlled vocabulary ensures that ... an event with the Event vocabulary of Schema.org, and so on. To use machine-readable terms from any controlled vocabulary, web ...
In this approach, an appropriate controlled vocabulary is selected as a model for developing controlled terminology for local ... The distinction between display and indexed information is discussed in Chapter 2: What Are Controlled Vocabularies? Fig. 37. ... For many other fields, it is necessary to use controlled vocabulary for indexing. A general guideline is that any information ... See also Chapter 9: Retrieval Using Controlled Vocabularies. In the example above, a TGN record illustrates several unique ...
Mammalian Sin 3 (mSin 3) is closely related to the yeast SIN3 repressor protein involved in the transcriptional repression of many genes. Containing 4 paired amphipathic helix domains (PAH domains), mSin 3A and mSin 3B have been shown to directly interact with several other transcriptional repressor proteins including HDAC 1, HDAC 2, RbAp 46, the methyl CpG binding protein MeCP 2, the Mad/Max heterodimer, and the corepressors silencing mediator of retinoic acid & thyroid hormone receptor (SMRT) and nuclear receptor corepressor (N-CoR ...
... Flor, Patricia; Jakobsson, Arne; Mogset, Ingrid; Taylor, ... BIBSYS appointed a working group in the Spring of 1999 to find a suitable controlled vocabulary for this subject area, and to ... There are no Norwegian vocabularies that are suitable for use in nursing and allied health, therefore it will be necessary to ... see how this vocabulary could be integrated into BIBSYS. The group presented its recommendations in October 1999. The report ...
Any opinions, findings and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views of the NSF.. ...
Controlled vocabulary for /pseudogene qualifier. A new qualifier was introduced in version 10.1 (May 2012) of the Feature table ... Comment: TYPE is a term taken from the INSDC controlled vocabulary for pseudogenes:. processed: the pseudogene has arisen by ... The text below outlines the format and the present list of allowed controlled vocabulary. ...
Controlled vocabulary for /rpt_type qualifier. This page contains the current definition, format and controlled vocabularly for ...
Components of Controlled Vocabulary Annotations. A controlled vocabulary association has several parts as defined by the GO ... Controlled Vocabularies. A controlled vocabulary is a standardized, restricted set of defined terms designed to reduce ... Advantages to Using Controlled Vocabularies. There are several advantages to using controlled vocabularies for functional ... and controlled vocabulary data, automatically indexes the literature against genes and controlled vocabulary terms, and ...
Application profiles; kinematics; bibliographic relationships; controlled vocabularies; encoding schemes; Functional ... metadata developers established controlled vocabulary encoding schemes that linked related objects. The solution implemented ...
Controlled vocabularies Knowledge organization Semantic mapping Multilingual terminology This is a preview of subscription ... Alignment of conceptual structures in controlled vocabularies in the domain of Chinese art: a discussion of issues and patterns ... ISO: ISO 25964-2:2013 Thesauri and Interoperability with Other Vocabularies Part 2: Interoperability with Other Vocabularies. ... vocabularies by analyzing the issues of aligning the conceptual structures of Chinese and English terminology in the controlled ...
Development of a health informatics community-generated, open-source controlled medical vocabulary.. Cardenas I, Marcelo AB, ... open-source controlled medical vocabulary. AMIA Annu Symp Proc [Proceedings of the American Medical Informatics Association ...
... exploiting controlled biological vocabularies, like the Gene Ontology or the KEGG pathways terms. Starting from annotated lists ... regarding the terms of each vocabulary, StRAnGER repartitions and reorders the initial distribution of terms to define a new ... of differentially expressed genes and gene enrichment scores, regarding the terms of each vocabulary, StRAnGER repartitions and ... exploiting controlled biological vocabularies, like the Gene Ontology or the KEGG pathways terms. Starting from annotated lists ...
Seven Controlled Vocabularies and Obituary 2004. The Joy of Cooking: [AIRPORT NOVEL MUSICAL POEM PAINTING FILM PHOTO ... Seven Controlled Vocabularies will be available in a variety of print and electronic book delivery systems and formats.. ... Seven Controlled Vocabularies will be available in a variety of print and electronic book delivery systems and formats. ... Seven Controlled Vocabularies will be available in a variety of print and electronic book delivery systems and formats. ...
... a value from a controlled vocabulary may be provided if the "other" value is chosen. In this case, the term from the controlled ... This is a standard XML date type code and supports the use of an external controlled vocabulary. Examples are date, dateTime, ... DDI Controlled Vocabulary for Date Type. Description. Specifies the type of date ... vocabulary should be placed in the "othercategory" attribute, and the controlledVocabUsed element (in the Document Description ...
This controlled vocabulary is applicable only to survey-type data. Details. Short Name:. ResponseUnit. Long Name:. Response ... Controlled vocabulary codes can still be used with this element in DDI 3.1, but it will not be possible to reference the ... DDI Controlled Vocabulary for Response Unit. Description. Indicates the entity that provided the information carried by the ... external controlled vocabulary by using the attributes created for this purpose in CodeValueType. ...
From Discipleship to Control: A Quick Vocabulary Review. by Brother Maynard , Feb 18, 2008 , Post-Charismatic , 5 comments ... Disagree with what the church elders wanted, and you could be labeled as having "control issues." Elders never had control ... Spirit of Control. I recall from the more fringe-inspired of my charismatic days when the elders of my CLB and others would ... Odd that the people who talked about it the most were the ones whose control was being threatened. ...
A controlled medical vocabulary of clinical terms from patient-provider encounters was developed from submissions of members of ... A controlled medical vocabulary will be useful for a country like the Philippines which has eight major languages. Using the ... A controlled medical vocabulary of clinical terms from patient-provider encounters was developed from submissions of members of ... RESULTS AND DISCUSSION: A standardized controlled medical vocabulary for the Philippines was developed using a mobile- friendly ...
COAR Controlled Vocabularies were presented with the following post: "To be FAIR: COAR Controlled Vocabularies" (by Schirrwagen ... The COAR Controlled Vocabularies Interest Group has prepared an Infographic for COAR Controlled Vocabularies which provides an ... COAR Controlled Vocabularies Editorial Board. *A review of the COAR Interest Group "Controlled Vocabularies for Repository ... COAR Controlled Vocabularies: Improving consistency of repository metadata. *COAR controlled vocabularies case study presented ...
In controlled vocabularies, specific patterns and models can be formed in multiple ways in connection with editing methods; ... Controlled vocabularies of information languages show a variety of practices. There are varied applications of the same ... Common problems are reflected by them, although the theoretical framework of controlled vocabularies can differ. In spite of ...
P0968 The Vertebrate Trait Ontology: A Controlled Vocabulary to Facilitate Cross-species Comparison of Trait Data Carissa Park ... To this end, the Vertebrate Trait Ontology (VT) was created to provide a standardized vocabulary to facilitate comparison of ...
NLM Controlled Vocabulary. Search database. All Databases. Assembly. Biocollections. BioProject. BioSample. BioSystems. Books. ...
face2face author Chris Redston has given a series of webinars for Cambridge this year on topics ranging from vocabulary and ... Controlled vocabulary practice. Make controlled speaking practice more communicative and meaningful by personalising exercises ... Learning new vocabulary. Why not take a student-centred approach to presenting new vocabulary? Let students decide which ... face2face author Chris Redston has given a series of webinars for Cambridge this year on topics ranging from vocabulary and ...
... having or providing artificial control of air temperature, humidity, and movement. How to use climate-controlled in a sentence. ... Share climate-controlled. Post the Definition of climate-controlled to Facebook Share the Definition of climate-controlled on ... Time Traveler for climate-controlled. The first known use of climate-controlled was in 1933. See more words from the same year ... Comments on climate-controlled. What made you want to look up climate-controlled? Please tell us where you read or heard it ( ...
Controlled vocabularies/ontologies. The use of ontologies, in which controlled terms are integrated using hierarchical semantic ... agreement on a common set of controlled vocabularies is required; if vocabulary terms are structured as ontologies (with the ... which in 1976 started to develop crop-specific controlled vocabularies for a limited number of traits allowing germplasm ... and which subsequently has aimed to develop comprehensive and detailed dictionaries of controlled vocabularies for germplasm ...
EdGate Controlled Vocabulary System ™. When EdGate first researched the best way to align content to state standards, several ... The EdGate Controlled Vocabulary System™ has a structure that provides a systematic method for identifying the key concepts of ... Available controlled vocabulary lists were inadequate. EdGate researched a number of available systems and found that none of ... The most efficient component of the EdGate Controlled Vocabulary System™ is its dynamic and immediate re-alignment. Once a ...
  • These provide a network of vocabularies linked by relationships (ontology) to facilitate queries that cut across datasets within a database or between multiple databases. (nih.gov)
  • The current version of the ontology integrates diverse vocabularies used to describe Arabidopsis, maize and rice (Oryza sp. (nih.gov)
  • StRAnGER is a web application for the automated statistical analysis of annotated gene profiling experiments, exploiting controlled biological vocabularies, like the Gene Ontology or the KEGG pathways terms. (frontiersin.org)
  • To this end, the Vertebrate Trait Ontology (VT) was created to provide a standardized vocabulary to facilitate comparison of trait data within and across vertebrate species. (confex.com)
  • Popular controlled vocabularies in biological science include Gene Ontology , MeSH , and the EC number system from the Enzyme Commission. (openhelix.eu)
  • The manual review of the crawled webpages identified 651 valid terms not yet included in the OAC CHV or the Unified Medical Language System (UMLS) Metathesaurus, a collection of vocabularies amalgamated to form an ontology of medical terms, (ie, 1 valid term per 136.7 candidate n-grams). (jmir.org)
  • The Plant Ontology (PO) has been constructed as a well-structured vocabulary whether the terms are anatomical or developmental. (planteome.org)
  • The goal of the Plant Ontology is to cultivate a consistent vocabulary for plant biologists across all disciplines of botany. (planteome.org)
  • A controlled vocabulary or ontology. (cpan.org)
  • For this scope, biological ontologies, or more general controlled biological vocabularies constitute valuable sources of standardized biological information, appropriate for DNA microarrays functional analysis. (frontiersin.org)
  • BACKGROUND: Many bioinformatics applications rely on controlled vocabularies or ontologies to consistently interpret and seamlessly integrate information scattered across public resources. (cf.ac.uk)
  • Experimental data sets from metabolomics studies need to be integrated with one another, but also with data produced by other types of omics studies in the spirit of systems biology, hence the pressing need for vocabularies and ontologies in metabolomics. (cf.ac.uk)
  • Research and development activities have been carried out to provide standardized health vocabularies, for example, SNOMED (Systematized Nomenclature of Medicine) and LOINC (Logical Observation Identifiers Names and Codes). (jmir.org)
  • Logical Observation Identifiers Names and Codes (LOINC) is a vocabulary standard that provides universal identifiers for laboratory tests and clinical observations. (nih.gov)
  • To manage the complex relationships among KMODDL objects while maintaining the DC one-to-one principle, metadata developers established controlled vocabulary encoding schemes that linked related objects. (cornell.edu)
  • Define appropriate metadata standards for content (for example, controlled descriptions and keywords that describe the content). (webstyleguide.com)
  • The final phase of the Metadata Upgrade Project includes aligning controlled vocabulary terms with appropriate authorities and adding and revising descriptive content in the digital library. (tdl.org)
  • To improve efficiency and accuracy during the data entry process, the metadata librarian at UH Libraries developed name and subject authority applications that automatically transform legacy controlled vocabulary terms into authorized forms. (tdl.org)
  • The value domain of each metadata element is necessary to ensure interoperability of metadata in a multilingual context and that value domain should be able to take the form of free text, dates, codes derived from international standards, such as language codes, keywords derived from controlled lists or thesauri, or character strings. (europa.eu)
  • Vocabulary, Controlled" is a descriptor in the National Library of Medicine's controlled vocabulary thesaurus, MeSH (Medical Subject Headings) . (harvard.edu)
  • The paper addresses the issues related to the conceptual structures of the concepts for Chinese art in the National Palace Museum (NPM) Vocabulary and Art & Architecture Thesaurus (AAT). (springer.com)
  • Speakers describe how implementing a thesaurus management tool helped ProQuest simplify and standardize its business semantic management to create a common language and connect disparate information assets as well as handling large and varied vocabularies and authority files, linking new and existing editorial systems and enabling hierarchical views, and automating thesaurus management tasks. (slideshare.net)
  • The vocabularies establish preferred terms with cross-references from alternative forms of entry. (amamanualofstyle.com)
  • Controlled vocabularies also establish hierarchical relationships among related terms. (amamanualofstyle.com)
  • Controlled vocabulary schemes mandate the use of predefined, authorised terms that have been preselected by the designers of the schemes, in contrast to natural language vocabularies, which have no such restriction. (wikipedia.org)
  • Controlled vocabularies solve the problems of homographs, synonyms and polysemes by a bijection between concepts and authorized terms. (wikipedia.org)
  • For example, in the Library of Congress Subject Headings (a subject heading system that uses a controlled vocabulary), authorized terms-subject headings in this case-have to be chosen to handle choices between variant spellings of the same word (American versus British), choice among scientific and popular terms (cockroach versus Periplaneta americana), and choices between synonyms (automobile versus car), among other difficult issues. (wikipedia.org)
  • Choices of authorized terms are based on the principles of user warrant (what terms users are likely to use), literary warrant (what terms are generally used in the literature and documents), and structural warrant (terms chosen by considering the structure, scope of the controlled vocabulary). (wikipedia.org)
  • Subject headings also tend to use more pre-coordination of terms such that the designer of the controlled vocabulary will combine various concepts together to form one authorized subject heading. (wikipedia.org)
  • Controlled vocabulary terms can accurately describe what a given document is actually about, even if the terms themselves do not occur within the document's text. (wikipedia.org)
  • Controlled vocabulary elements (terms/phrases) employed as tags, to aid in the content identification process of documents, or other information system entities (e.g. (wikipedia.org)
  • In this approach, an appropriate controlled vocabulary is selected as a model for developing controlled terminology for local use, so that the local terms will be interoperable with the larger original vocabulary. (getty.edu)
  • Local authorities may provide terms not found in published authorities, including local terms that are out of scope for published vocabularies, nonexpert terms, and even so-called wrong terms that provide access to nonspecialist users. (getty.edu)
  • Such local authorities should be populated with terminology from standard published controlled vocabularies and local terms and names as necessary. (getty.edu)
  • We focus on associating genes to controlled vocabulary terms based on experimental data from the literature and use The Arabidopsis Information Resource-developed PubSearch software to facilitate this process. (plantphysiol.org)
  • Starting from annotated lists of differentially expressed genes and gene enrichment scores, regarding the terms of each vocabulary, StRAnGER repartitions and reorders the initial distribution of terms to define a new distribution of elements. (frontiersin.org)
  • A controlled medical vocabulary of clinical terms from patient-provider encounters was developed from submissions of members of the medical community in the Philippines. (nih.gov)
  • An understanding of the structure and usage of Controlled Vocabularies can improve researcher's database searches, and can assist biological programmers in standardizing many terms and analyses. (openhelix.eu)
  • Since these are the core objects of our discussions, it makes sense to take up discussions to adopt a standard of terms, a "controlled vocabulary," that will allow us to reduce ambiguities as we move forward in our research. (blogspot.com)
  • Now that SCRIPT is viable and attracting new members, we are at a perfect point to undertake a serious conversation about finding a scholarly standard for our bibliographic terms - a shared, controlled vocabulary that we can endorse and encourage the use of in all SCRIPT-related endeavors and publications. (blogspot.com)
  • The spatial and temporal patterns of gene expression are integrated by anatomical terms from a controlled vocabulary linking together intermediate tissues developed from one another. (elsevier.com)
  • Given the lack of agreement in the community, EmotionML does not provide a single vocabulary of emotion terms, but gives users a choice to select the most suitable emotion vocabulary in their annotations. (w3.org)
  • The initial vocabularies were compiled manually, providing a total of 243 and 152 terms. (cf.ac.uk)
  • CONCLUSIONS: We suggest a text mining method for efficient corpus-based term acquisition as a way of rapidly expanding a set of controlled vocabularies with the terms used in the scientific literature. (cf.ac.uk)
  • Systems for cataloging art information should incorporate local authorities to control terminology. (getty.edu)
  • however, maintaining local authorities rather than relying exclusively upon external sources of terminology allows the multiple vocabularies necessary for cataloging to be combined or linked. (getty.edu)
  • In some cases, the format needs to be controlled, but no prescribed set of terminology is necessary, as in a field that contains numbers. (getty.edu)
  • For other fields, a simple, flat controlled list of terminology is sufficient, particularly where the list is relatively short and there is no need for synonyms or other relationships. (getty.edu)
  • However, for many fields, a linked local authority is the best way to control terminology and provide synonyms and thesaural relationships. (getty.edu)
  • This paper attempts to explore, within the domain of Chinese art, the interoperability of multilingual/multi-cultural vocabularies by analyzing the issues of aligning the conceptual structures of Chinese and English terminology in the controlled vocabularies observed in our Chinese AAT-Taiwan Project (2010-present). (springer.com)
  • OCLC Research April 2008 Terminology Services Experimental Services for Controlled Vocabularies. (slideplayer.com)
  • Presentation on theme: "OCLC Research April 2008 Terminology Services Experimental Services for Controlled Vocabularies. (slideplayer.com)
  • Development of a health informatics community-generated, open-source controlled medical vocabulary. (nih.gov)
  • Cardenas I, Marcelo AB, Fontelo P Development of a health informatics community-generated, open-source controlled medical vocabulary. (nih.gov)
  • A Cross-Language Mobile Resource for Accessing MEDLINE/PubMed Based on an Open-Source, Crowdsourced Controlled Medical Vocabulary for the Philippines. (nih.gov)
  • A controlled medical vocabulary will be useful for a country like the Philippines which has eight major languages. (nih.gov)
  • RESULTS AND DISCUSSION: A standardized controlled medical vocabulary for the Philippines was developed using a mobile- friendly interface. (nih.gov)
  • CONCLUSION: A standardized medical vocabulary will be useful for integrating to patient information in the vernacular with EMR implementations. (nih.gov)
  • Sarmiento RF, Liu F , Fontelo P . A Cross-Language Mobile Resource for Accessing MEDLINE/PubMed Based on an Open-Source, Crowdsourced Controlled Medical Vocabulary for the Philippines. (nih.gov)
  • The findings help the understanding of the semantic interoperability of multilingual KOS, especially when dealing with cultural-related concepts that cannot be exactly aligned in vocabularies due to discrepancies in the conceptual structures. (springer.com)
  • In order to promote interoperability, publicly defined vocabularies should be used where possible and reasonable from the point of view of the target application. (w3.org)
  • Controlled vocabularies are increasingly used by databases to describe genes and gene products because they facilitate identification of similar genes within an organism or among different organisms. (plantphysiol.org)
  • RESULTS: We describe a methodology for rapid development of controlled vocabularies, a study originally motivated by the needs for vocabularies describing metabolomics technologies. (cf.ac.uk)
  • The control is intended to avoid the scattering of related subjects under different headings (SUBJECT HEADINGS). (harvard.edu)
  • There are two main kinds of controlled vocabulary tools used in libraries: subject headings and thesauri. (wikipedia.org)
  • This page contains the current definition, format and controlled vocabularly for repeat type qualifier. (insdc.org)
  • In short, controlled vocabularies reduce ambiguity inherent in normal human languages where the same concept can be given different names and ensure consistency. (wikipedia.org)
  • A "controlled vocabulary" is a standard used in taxonomies to help control ambiguity about objects and resources. (blogspot.com)
  • This case study addresses the challenges ProQuest faced in managing multilingual controlled vocabularies using multiple Word documents and authority files maintained in an Oracle database. (slideshare.net)
  • This method encourages consistency in term selection, hierarchical structure, and format between the local authority and the published vocabulary. (getty.edu)
  • A primary goal of the POC is to develop simple yet robust and extensible controlled vocabularies that accurately reflect the biology of plant structures and developmental stages. (nih.gov)
  • In library and information science, controlled vocabulary is a carefully selected list of words and phrases, which are used to tag units of information (document or work) so that they may be more easily retrieved by a search. (wikipedia.org)
  • There are no Norwegian vocabularies that are suitable for use in nursing and allied health, therefore it will be necessary to translate and combine existing thesauri. (bibsys.no)
  • In the process of writing my dissertation, I concocted an 80-page chapter where - in my utter ignorance - I attempted to develop a vocabulary out of whole cloth for theologians to talk about physical books. (blogspot.com)
  • Parental reports of spanking were assessed at age 3 and 5, along with child externalizing behavior and receptive vocabulary at age 9 ( N = 1933). (aappublications.org)
  • In an attempt to improve the quality of searching the health literature, BIBSYS appointed a working group in the Spring of 1999 to find a suitable controlled vocabulary for this subject area, and to see how this vocabulary could be integrated into BIBSYS. (bibsys.no)
  • Accounting for a broad array of risk factors, spanking predicts both aggression and receptive vocabulary across the first decade of life. (aappublications.org)
  • Results: In this article, we present a novel computational framework for annotating gene expression patterns using a controlled vocabulary. (elsevier.com)
  • Controlled vocabularies provide a way to organize knowledge for subsequent retrieval. (wikipedia.org)
  • Publishing the vocabularies as a separate document allows us to provide updates, extensions and corrections of the list of vocabularies as required, without having to follow the multiple steps involved in releasing a new version of a Recommendation. (w3.org)
  • However, there is a lack of developmental research on inhibitory control in the auditory modality. (cambridge.org)
  • Controlled vocabularies of information languages show a variety of practices. (edu.pl)
  • In indexing journals offering broad coverage of general medicine and specialties and in indexing sets of periodicals issued by different publishers, indexers usually rely on the external authority of a controlled vocabulary. (amamanualofstyle.com)
  • A structured controlled vocabulary for the source of an enzyme comprising tissues, cell lines, cell types and cell cultures. (ebi.ac.uk)
  • This graph shows the total number of publications written about "Vocabulary, Controlled" by people in Harvard Catalyst Profiles by year, and whether "Vocabulary, Controlled" was a major or minor topic of these publication. (harvard.edu)
  • Controlled Vocabularies are standardized term lists, widely used in biological databases today. (openhelix.eu)
  • In this case, the term from the controlled vocabulary should be placed in the "othercategory" attribute, and the controlledVocabUsed element (in the Document Description section) should also be filled in. (ddialliance.org)
  • Systems developers must also understand that fields for indexing require various forms of control. (getty.edu)
  • Seven Controlled Vocabularies will be available in a variety of print and electronic book delivery systems and formats. (abebooks.com)
  • Create controlled vocabularies for the major categories of content, so that similar things are labeled consistently throughout the site. (webstyleguide.com)
  • Let students decide which vocabulary items they don't know first, and give them time to work out the meaning from pictures, context, or examples. (cambridge.org)
  • Controlled vocabularies allow indexers to resolve variances in natural language systematically. (amamanualofstyle.com)
  • You must take control of the English language. (usingenglish.com)
  • It does not mean taking control of the entire language. (usingenglish.com)
  • This purpose is best served if the vocabulary evolves with consumers' language. (jmir.org)
  • In the past, these vocabularies focused on the language of professionals, but lately consumer health vocabulary (CHV) [ 1 ] has been rising in prominence, and, consequently, CHV research has gained recognition. (jmir.org)
  • This extensive glossary of football vocabulary (soccer) is designed to help you learn the language associated with the beautiful game. (usingenglish.com)
  • This document represents an important complement to the Emotion Markup Language specification [ EmotionML ], i.e., a public collection of emotion vocabularies that can be used with EmotionML. (w3.org)
  • Future directions include linking the vocabulary to a database of reference images of medical conditions to enhance its usefulness as a clinical reference. (nih.gov)
  • Controlled vocabularies play an important role in the development of biomedical informatics applications because data used by clinical, bibliometric, and research applications need to be coded for easy retrieval and analysis. (jmir.org)
  • By mediating the proper cotranslational insertion of N-terminal transmembrane domains in an N-exo topology, with translocated N-terminus in the lumen of the ER, controls the topology of multi-pass membrane proteins like the G protein-coupled receptors. (uniprot.org)
  • And that means to control or influence them. (bbc.co.uk)
  • A general guideline is that any information required as a variable in a retrieval query should be indexed in controlled fields to allow efficient retrieval. (getty.edu)
  • This is a standard XML date type code and supports the use of an external controlled vocabulary. (ddialliance.org)
  • The teams meet regularly to discuss specific state standard issues, expansion of the EdGate Controlled Vocabulary System™ , and the quality of alignments. (edgate.com)
  • In bathrooms, it is especially important for builders to control heat loss, air movement, and moisture movement. (homeenergy.org)
  • therefore, it is important to have a consistent plant structure vocabulary that encompasses all green plants. (planteome.org)
  • Measuring the comparative gene expression with microarrays, has a critical importance in the analysis of biological control mechanisms, phenotyping, molecular profiling of diseases, and more accurate disease classification. (frontiersin.org)
  • Values in many fields are best controlled by an authority, including the indexing field for the creator. (getty.edu)
  • I recall from the more fringe-inspired of my charismatic days when the elders of my CLB and others would talk about a "control spirit" or "the Spirit of Jezebel" that was threatening to infiltrate the church, seeking to wrest the "government" of the church away from the church elders and usurp their authority. (subversiveinfluence.com)
  • The text below outlines the format and the present list of allowed controlled vocabulary. (insdc.org)
  • Consumer health vocabularies (CHVs) have been developed to aid consumer health informatics applications. (jmir.org)
  • Controlled vocabularies serving electronic applications are no exception. (jmir.org)
  • Prepare students for thinking about the themes and topics in the excerpt "Slavery as a Form of Racialized Social Control" with the strategy below. (tolerance.org)
  • The present document serves as a repository of emotion vocabularies in both human-readable and machine-readable form. (w3.org)
  • Controlled vocabulary codes can still be used with this element in DDI 3.1, but it will not be possible to reference the external controlled vocabulary by using the attributes created for this purpose in CodeValueType. (ddialliance.org)
  • As new findings emerge, new words are added to the vocabulary. (jmir.org)
  • For example, in 2009, media coverage introduced new vocabulary words such as pandemic , swine flu , H1N1 , energy expenditure , and single-payer system into popular speech. (jmir.org)
  • Below are the most recent publications written about "Vocabulary, Controlled" by people in Profiles. (harvard.edu)
  • A common way of creating local authorities is through derivation (also called modeling ) based on a published vocabulary. (getty.edu)