The sum or the stock of words used by a language, a group, or an individual. (From Webster, 3d ed)
A specified list of terms with a fixed and unalterable meaning, and from which a selection is made when CATALOGING; ABSTRACTING AND INDEXING; or searching BOOKS; JOURNALS AS TOPIC; and other documents. The control is intended to avoid the scattering of related subjects under different headings (SUBJECT HEADINGS). The list may be altered or extended only by the publisher or issuing agency. (From Harrod's Librarians' Glossary, 7th ed, p163)
The gradual expansion in complexity and meaning of symbols and sounds as perceived and interpreted by the individual through a maturational and learning process. Stages in development include babbling, cooing, word imitation with cognition, and use of short sentences.
The language and sounds expressed by a child at a particular maturational stage in development.
A research and development program initiated by the NATIONAL LIBRARY OF MEDICINE to build knowledge sources for the purpose of aiding the development of systems that help health professionals retrieve and integrate biomedical information. The knowledge sources can be used to link disparate information systems to overcome retrieval problems caused by differences in terminology and the scattering of relevant information across many databases. The three knowledge sources are the Metathesaurus, the Semantic Network, and the Specialist Lexicon.
The terms, expressions, designations, or symbols used in a particular science, discipline, or specialized subject area.
Terms or expressions which provide the major means of access by subject to the bibliographic unit.
Tests designed to assess language behavior and abilities. They include tests of vocabulary, comprehension, grammar and functional use of language, e.g., Development Sentence Scoring, Receptive-Expressive Emergent Language Scale, Parsons Language Sample, Utah Test of Language Development, Michigan Language Inventory and Verbal Language Development Scale, Illinois Test of Psycholinguistic Abilities, Northwestern Syntax Screening Test, Peabody Picture Vocabulary Test, Ammons Full-Range Picture Vocabulary Test, and Assessment of Children's Language Comprehension.
The science of language, including phonetics, phonology, morphology, syntax, semantics, pragmatics, and historical linguistics. (Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)
Conditions characterized by language abilities (comprehension and expression of speech and writing) that are below the expected level for a given age, generally in the absence of an intellectual impairment. These conditions may be associated with DEAFNESS; BRAIN DISEASES; MENTAL DISORDERS; or environmental factors.
Learning to respond verbally to a verbal stimulus cue.
The ability to speak, read, or write several languages or many languages with some facility. Bilingualism is the most common form. (From Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)
The relationships between symbols and their meanings.
Computer processing of a language with rules that reflect and describe current usage rather than prescribed usage.
Organized activities related to the storage, location, search, and retrieval of information.
A system of record keeping in which a list of the patient's problems is made and all history, physical findings, laboratory data, etc. pertinent to each problem are placed under that heading.
The field of nursing care concerned with the promotion, maintenance, and restoration of health.
Controlled vocabulary of clinical terms produced by the International Health Terminology Standards Development Organisation (IHTSDO).
A verbal or nonverbal means of communicating ideas or feelings.
Communication through a system of conventional vocal symbols.
Activities performed to identify concepts and aspects of published information and research reports.
Information systems, usually computer-assisted, designed to store, manipulate, and retrieve information for planning, organizing, directing, and controlling administrative and clinical activities associated with the provision and utilization of clinical laboratory services.
The portion of an interactive computer program that issues messages to and receives commands from a user.
The procedures involved in combining separately developed modules, components, or subsystems so that they work together as a complete system. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)
Includes both producing and responding to words, either written or spoken.
An agency of the NATIONAL INSTITUTES OF HEALTH concerned with overall planning, promoting, and administering programs pertaining to advancement of medical and related sciences. Major activities of this institute include the collection, dissemination, and exchange of information important to the progress of medicine and health, research in medical informatics and support for medical library development.
Structured vocabularies describing concepts from the fields of biology and relationships between concepts.
A system of hand gestures used for communication by the deaf or by people speaking different languages.
Computer-based systems for input, storage, display, retrieval, and printing of information contained in a patient's medical record.
Automated systems applied to the patient care process including diagnosis, therapy, and systems of communicating medical data within the health care setting.
Skills in the use of language which lead to proficiency in written or spoken communication.
The premier bibliographic database of the NATIONAL LIBRARY OF MEDICINE. MEDLINE® (MEDLARS Online) is the primary subset of PUBMED and can be searched on NLM's Web site in PubMed or the NLM Gateway. MEDLINE references are indexed with MEDICAL SUBJECT HEADINGS (MeSH).
The act or fact of grasping the meaning, nature, or importance of; understanding. (American Heritage Dictionary, 4th ed) Includes understanding by a patient or research subject of information disclosed orally or in writing.
A loose confederation of computer communication networks around the world. The networks that make up the Internet are connected through several backbone networks. The Internet grew out of the US Government ARPAnet project and was designed to facilitate information exchange.
A general term for the complete loss of the ability to hear from both ears.
The teaching or training of those individuals with hearing disability or impairment.
Software designed to store, manipulate, manage, and control data for specific uses.
Conditions characterized by deficiencies of comprehension or expression of written and spoken forms of language. These include acquired and developmental disorders.
A system containing any combination of computers, computer terminals, printers, audio or visual display devices, or telephones interconnected by telecommunications equipment or cables: used to transmit or receive information. (Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)
Extensive collections, reputedly complete, of facts and data garnered from material of a specialized subject area and made available for analysis and application. The collection can be automated by various contemporary methods for retrieval. The concept should be differentiated from DATABASES, BIBLIOGRAPHIC which is restricted to collections of bibliographic references.
Sequential operating programs and data which instruct the functioning of a digital computer.
Controlled vocabulary thesaurus produced by the NATIONAL LIBRARY OF MEDICINE. It consists of sets of terms naming descriptors in a hierarchical structure that permits searching at various levels of specificity.
Measurement of parameters of the speech product such as vocal tone, loudness, pitch, voice quality, articulation, resonance, phonation, phonetic structure and prosody.
The science or study of speech sounds and their production, transmission, and reception, and their analysis, classification, and transcription. (Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)
Professional society representing the field of nursing.
The field of information science concerned with the analysis and dissemination of medical data through the application of computers to various aspects of health care and medicine.
Precise procedural mathematical and logical operations utilized in the study of medical information pertaining to health care.
Movement of a part of the body for the purpose of communication.
Specific languages used to prepare computer programs.
Shortened forms of written words or phrases used for brevity.
The continuous sequential physiological and psychological maturing of an individual from birth up to but not including ADOLESCENCE.
Disorders of the quality of speech characterized by the substitution, omission, distortion, and addition of phonemes.
Integrated set of files, procedures, and equipment for the storage, manipulation, and retrieval of information.
Management of the acquisition, organization, storage, retrieval, and dissemination of information. (From Thesaurus of ERIC Descriptors, 1994)
The process whereby an utterance is decoded into a representation in terms of linguistic units (sequences of phonetic segments which combine to form lexical and grammatical morphemes).
The systematic arrangement of entities in any field into categories classes based on common characteristics such as properties, morphology, subject matter, etc.
Lists of words, usually in alphabetical order, giving information about form, pronunciation, etymology, grammar, and meaning.
Intellectual or mental process whereby an organism obtains knowledge.
Databases devoted to knowledge about specific genes and gene products.
Conversion from one language to another language.
A vocabulary database of universal identifiers for laboratory and clinical test results. Its purpose is to facilitate the exchange and pooling of results for clinical care, outcomes management, and research. It is produced by the Regenstrief Institute. (LOINC and RELMA [Internet]. Indianapolis: The Regenstrief Institute; c1995-2001 [cited 2002 Apr 2]. Available from
Standardized tests that measure the present general ability or aptitude for intellectual performance.
The ability to acquire general or special types of knowledge or skill.
The science devoted to the comparative study of man.
An agency of the PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE established in 1990 to "provide indexing, abstracting, translating, publishing, and other services leading to a more effective and timely dissemination of information on research, demonstration projects, and evaluations with respect to health care to public and private entities and individuals engaged in the improvement of health care delivery..." It supersedes the National Center for Health Services Research. The United States Agency for Health Care Policy and Research was renamed Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ) under the Healthcare Research and Quality Act of 1999.
A branch of biology dealing with the structure of organisms.
The act or practice of literary composition, the occupation of writer, or producing or engaging in literary work as a profession.
Collections of facts, assumptions, beliefs, and heuristics that are used in combination with databases to achieve desired results, such as a diagnosis, an interpretation, or a solution to a problem (From McGraw Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed).
Persons with any degree of loss of hearing that has an impact on their activities of daily living or that requires special assistance or intervention.
Systematic organization, storage, retrieval, and dissemination of specialized information, especially of a scientific or technical nature (From ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983). It often involves authenticating or validating information.
Hospitals organized and controlled by a group of physicians who practice together and provide each other with mutual support.
Tests designed to measure intellectual functioning in children and adults.
The ability to learn and to deal with new situations and to deal effectively with tasks involving abstractions.
A cognitive disorder characterized by an impaired ability to comprehend written and printed words or phrases despite intact vision. This condition may be developmental or acquired. Developmental dyslexia is marked by reading achievement that falls substantially below that expected given the individual's chronological age, measured intelligence, and age-appropriate education. The disturbance in reading significantly interferes with academic achievement or with activities of daily living that require reading skills. (From DSM-IV)
Use of sophisticated analysis tools to sort through, organize, examine, and combine large sets of information.
Electronic hearing devices typically used for patients with normal outer and middle ear function, but defective inner ear function. In the COCHLEA, the hair cells (HAIR CELLS, VESTIBULAR) may be absent or damaged but there are residual nerve fibers. The device electrically stimulates the COCHLEAR NERVE to create sound sensation.
A field of biology concerned with the development of techniques for the collection and manipulation of biological data, and the use of such data to make biological discoveries or predictions. This field encompasses all computational methods and theories for solving biological problems including manipulation of models and datasets.
Information intended for potential users of medical and healthcare services. There is an emphasis on self-care and preventive approaches as well as information for community-wide dissemination and use.
Tests designed to assess neurological function associated with certain behaviors. They are used in diagnosing brain dysfunction or damage and central nervous system disorders or injury.
Procedures and programs that facilitate the development or skill acquisition in infants and young children who have disabilities, who are at risk for developing disabilities, or who are gifted. It includes programs that are designed to prevent handicapping conditions in infants and young children and family-centered programs designed to affect the functioning of infants and children with special needs. (From Journal of Early Intervention, Editorial, 1989, vol. 13, no. 1, p. 3; A Discursive Dictionary of Health Care, prepared for the U.S. House of Representatives Committee on Interstate and Foreign Commerce, 1976)
Transmission of emotions, ideas, and attitudes between individuals in ways other than the spoken language.
Data recorded by nurses concerning the nursing care given to the patient, including judgment of the patient's progress.
Computerized compilations of information units (text, sound, graphics, and/or video) interconnected by logical nonlinear linkages that enable users to follow optimal paths through the material and also the systems used to create and display this information. (From Thesaurus of ERIC Descriptors, 1994)
Organized collections of computer records, standardized in format and content, that are stored in any of a variety of computer-readable modes. They are the basic sets of data from which computer-readable files are created. (from ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983)
The continuous developmental process of a culture from simple to complex forms and from homogeneous to heterogeneous qualities.
Theory and development of COMPUTER SYSTEMS which perform tasks that normally require human intelligence. Such tasks may include speech recognition, LEARNING; VISUAL PERCEPTION; MATHEMATICAL COMPUTING; reasoning, PROBLEM SOLVING, DECISION-MAKING, and translation of language.
Relatively permanent change in behavior that is the result of past experience or practice. The concept includes the acquisition of knowledge.
Information systems, usually computer-assisted, designed to store, manipulate, and retrieve information for planning, organizing, directing, and controlling administrative activities associated with the provision and utilization of ambulatory care services and facilities.
A procedure consisting of a sequence of algebraic formulas and/or logical steps to calculate or determine a given task.
Acquired or developmental conditions marked by an impaired ability to comprehend or generate spoken forms of language.
Rehabilitation of persons with language disorders or training of children with language development disorders.
A discipline concerned with relations between messages and the characteristics of individuals who select and interpret them; it deals directly with the processes of encoding (phonetics) and decoding (psychoacoustics) as they relate states of messages to states of communicators.
Studies determining the effectiveness or value of processes, personnel, and equipment, or the material on conducting such studies. For drugs and devices, CLINICAL TRIALS AS TOPIC; DRUG EVALUATION; and DRUG EVALUATION, PRECLINICAL are available.
Studies in which variables relating to an individual or group of individuals are assessed over a period of time.
A bibliographic database that includes MEDLINE as its primary subset. It is produced by the National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI), part of the NATIONAL LIBRARY OF MEDICINE. PubMed, which is searchable through NLM's Web site, also includes access to additional citations to selected life sciences journals not in MEDLINE, and links to other resources such as the full-text of articles at participating publishers' Web sites, NCBI's molecular biology databases, and PubMed Central.
A specialty concerned with the nature and cause of disease as expressed by changes in cellular or tissue structure and function caused by the disease process.
Systems composed of a computer or computers, peripheral equipment, such as disks, printers, and terminals, and telecommunications capabilities.
Those psychological characteristics which differentiate individuals from one another.
A definite pathologic process with a characteristic set of signs and symptoms. It may affect the whole body or any of its parts, and its etiology, pathology, and prognosis may be known or unknown.
The storing of visual and usually sound signals on discs for later reproduction on a television screen or monitor.
A computerized biomedical bibliographic storage and retrieval system operated by the NATIONAL LIBRARY OF MEDICINE. MEDLARS stands for Medical Literature Analysis and Retrieval System, which was first introduced in 1964 and evolved into an online system in 1971 called MEDLINE (MEDLARS Online). As other online databases were developed, MEDLARS became the name of the entire NLM information system while MEDLINE became the name of the premier database. MEDLARS was used to produce the former printed Cumulated Index Medicus, and the printed monthly Index Medicus, until that publication ceased in December 2004.
Educational attainment or level of education of individuals.
The application of scientific knowledge to practical purposes in any field. It includes methods, techniques, and instrumentation.
Computer programs based on knowledge developed from consultation with experts on a problem, and the processing and/or formalizing of this knowledge using these programs in such a manner that the problems may be solved.
A disturbance in the normal fluency and time patterning of speech that is inappropriate for the individual's age. This disturbance is characterized by frequent repetitions or prolongations of sounds or syllables. Various other types of speech dysfluencies may also be involved including interjections, broken words, audible or silent blocking, circumlocutions, words produced with an excess of physical tension, and monosyllabic whole word repetitions. Stuttering may occur as a developmental condition in childhood or as an acquired disorder which may be associated with BRAIN INFARCTIONS and other BRAIN DISEASES. (From DSM-IV, 1994)
Extensive collections, reputedly complete, of references and citations to books, articles, publications, etc., generally on a single subject or specialized subject area. Databases can operate through automated files, libraries, or computer disks. The concept should be differentiated from DATABASES, FACTUAL which is used for collections of data and facts apart from bibliographic references to them.
The practice of compounding and dispensing medicinal preparations.
The addition of descriptive information about the function or structure of a molecular sequence to its MOLECULAR SEQUENCE DATA record.
Surgical insertion of an electronic hearing device (COCHLEAR IMPLANTS) with electrodes to the COCHLEAR NERVE in the inner ear to create sound sensation in patients with residual nerve fibers.
Recording of pertinent information concerning patient's illness or illnesses.
Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of systems, processes, or phenomena. They include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.
Disturbances in mental processes related to learning, thinking, reasoning, and judgment.
The study of existing genetic knowledge, and the generation of new genetic data, to understand and thus avoid DRUG TOXICITY and adverse effects from toxic substances from the environment.
Large vessels propelled by power or sail used for transportation on rivers, seas, oceans, or other navigable waters. Boats are smaller vessels propelled by oars, paddles, sail, or power; they may or may not have a deck.
Wearable sound-amplifying devices that are intended to compensate for impaired hearing. These generic devices include air-conduction hearing aids and bone-conduction hearing aids. (UMDNS, 1999)
Data processing largely performed by automatic means.
Organized services to provide information on any questions an individual might have using databases and other sources. (From Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)
Systems where the input data enter the computer directly from the point of origin (usually a terminal or workstation) and/or in which output data are transmitted directly to that terminal point of origin. (Sippl, Computer Dictionary, 4th ed)
A management function in which standards and guidelines are developed for the development, maintenance, and handling of forms and records.
A disorder caused by hemizygous microdeletion of about 28 genes on chromosome 7q11.23, including the ELASTIN gene. Clinical manifestations include SUPRAVALVULAR AORTIC STENOSIS; MENTAL RETARDATION; elfin facies; impaired visuospatial constructive abilities; and transient HYPERCALCEMIA in infancy. The condition affects both sexes, with onset at birth or in early infancy.
Treatment for individuals with speech defects and disorders that involves counseling and use of various exercises and aids to help the development of new speech habits.
A condition characterized by long-standing brain dysfunction or damage, usually of three months duration or longer. Potential etiologies include BRAIN INFARCTION; certain NEURODEGENERATIVE DISORDERS; CRANIOCEREBRAL TRAUMA; ANOXIA, BRAIN; ENCEPHALITIS; certain NEUROTOXICITY SYNDROMES; metabolic disorders (see BRAIN DISEASES, METABOLIC); and other conditions.
Performance of an act one or more times, with a view to its fixation or improvement; any performance of an act or behavior that leads to learning.
Specifications and instructions applied to the software.
Procedures for correcting HEARING DISORDERS.
Description of pattern of recurrent functions or procedures frequently found in organizational processes, such as notification, decision, and action.
Tests of the ability to hear and understand speech as determined by scoring the number of words in a word list repeated correctly.
A colorless, toxic liquid with a strong aromatic odor. It is used to make rubbers, polymers and copolymers, and polystyrene plastics.
Interaction between a mother and child.
Complex mental function having four distinct phases: (1) memorizing or learning, (2) retention, (3) recall, and (4) recognition. Clinically, it is usually subdivided into immediate, recent, and remote memory.
Integrated, computer-assisted systems designed to store, manipulate, and retrieve information concerned with the administrative and clinical aspects of providing medical services within the hospital.
The process whereby a representation of past experience is elicited.
Success in bringing an effort to the desired end; the degree or level of success attained in some specified area (esp. scholastic) or in general.
Theoretical representations that simulate psychological processes and/or social processes. These include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.

Language outcome following multiple subpial transection for Landau-Kleffner syndrome. (1/911)

Landau-Kleffner syndrome is an acquired epileptic aphasia occurring in normal children who lose previously acquired speech and language abilities. Although some children recover some of these abilities, many children with Landau-Kleffner syndrome have significant language impairments that persist. Multiple subpial transection is a surgical technique that has been proposed as an appropriate treatment for Landau-Kleffner syndrome in that it is designed to eliminate the capacity of cortical tissue to generate seizures or subclinical epileptiform activity, while preserving the cortical functions subserved by that tissue. We report on the speech and language outcome of 14 children who underwent multiple subpial transection for treatment of Landau-Kleffner syndrome. Eleven children demonstrated significant postoperative improvement on measures of receptive or expressive vocabulary. Results indicate that early diagnosis and treatment optimize outcome, and that gains in language function are most likely to be seen years, rather than months, after surgery. Since an appropriate control group was not available, and that the best predictor of postoperative improvements in language function was that of length of time since surgery, these data might best be used as a benchmark against other Landau-Kleffner syndrome outcome studies. We conclude that multiple subpial transection may be useful in allowing for a restoration of speech and language abilities in children diagnosed with Landau-Kleffner syndrome.  (+info)

Infants' learning about words and sounds in relation to objects. (2/911)

In acquiring language, babies learn not only that people can communicate about objects and events, but also that they typically use a particular kind of act as the communicative signal. The current studies asked whether 1-year-olds' learning of names during joint attention is guided by the expectation that names will be in the form of spoken words. In the first study, 13-month-olds were introduced to either a novel word or a novel sound-producing action (using a small noisemaker). Both the word and the sound were produced by a researcher as she showed the baby a new toy during a joint attention episode. The baby's memory for the link between the word or sound and the object was tested in a multiple choice procedure. Thirteen-month-olds learned both the word-object and sound-object correspondences, as evidenced by their choosing the target reliably in response to hearing the word or sound on test trials, but not on control trials when no word or sound was present. In the second study, 13-month-olds, but not 20-month-olds, learned a new sound-object correspondence. These results indicate that infants initially accept a broad range of signals in communicative contexts and narrow the range with development.  (+info)

Exchange of stuttering from function words to content words with age. (3/911)

Dysfluencies on function words in the speech of people who stutter mainly occur when function words precede, rather than follow, content words (Au-Yeung, Howell, & Pilgrim, 1998). It is hypothesized that such function word dysfluencies occur when the plan for the subsequent content word is not ready for execution. Repetition and hesitation on the function words buys time to complete the plan for the content word. Stuttering arises when speakers abandon the use of this delaying strategy and carry on, attempting production of the subsequent, partly prepared content word. To test these hypotheses, the relationship between dysfluency on function and content words was investigated in the spontaneous speech of 51 people who stutter and 68 people who do not stutter. These participants were subdivided into the following age groups: 2-6-year-olds, 7-9-year-olds, 10-12-year-olds, teenagers (13-18 years), and adults (20-40 years). Very few dysfluencies occurred for either fluency group on function words that occupied a position after a content word. For both fluency groups, dysfluency within each phonological word occurred predominantly on either the function word preceding the content word or on the content word itself, but not both. Fluent speakers had a higher percentage of dysfluency on initial function words than content words. Whether dysfluency occurred on initial function words or content words changed over age groups for speakers who stutter. For the 2-6-year-old speakers that stutter, there was a higher percentage of dysfluencies on initial function words than content words. In subsequent age groups, dysfluency decreased on function words and increased on content words. These data are interpreted as suggesting that fluent speakers use repetition of function words to delay production of the subsequent content words, whereas people who stutter carry on and attempt a content word on the basis of an incomplete plan.  (+info)

Continuous speech recognition for clinicians. (4/911)

The current generation of continuous speech recognition systems claims to offer high accuracy (greater than 95 percent) speech recognition at natural speech rates (150 words per minute) on low-cost (under $2000) platforms. This paper presents a state-of-the-technology summary, along with insights the authors have gained through testing one such product extensively and other products superficially. The authors have identified a number of issues that are important in managing accuracy and usability. First, for efficient recognition users must start with a dictionary containing the phonetic spellings of all words they anticipate using. The authors dictated 50 discharge summaries using one inexpensive internal medicine dictionary ($30) and found that they needed to add an additional 400 terms to get recognition rates of 98 percent. However, if they used either of two more expensive and extensive commercial medical vocabularies ($349 and $695), they did not need to add terms to get a 98 percent recognition rate. Second, users must speak clearly and continuously, distinctly pronouncing all syllables. Users must also correct errors as they occur, because accuracy improves with error correction by at least 5 percent over two weeks. Users may find it difficult to train the system to recognize certain terms, regardless of the amount of training, and appropriate substitutions must be created. For example, the authors had to substitute "twice a day" for "bid" when using the less expensive dictionary, but not when using the other two dictionaries. From trials they conducted in settings ranging from an emergency room to hospital wards and clinicians' offices, they learned that ambient noise has minimal effect. Finally, they found that a minimal "usable" hardware configuration (which keeps up with dictation) comprises a 300-MHz Pentium processor with 128 MB of RAM and a "speech quality" sound card (e.g., SoundBlaster, $99). Anything less powerful will result in the system lagging behind the speaking rate. The authors obtained 97 percent accuracy with just 30 minutes of training when using the latest edition of one of the speech recognition systems supplemented by a commercial medical dictionary. This technology has advanced considerably in recent years and is now a serious contender to replace some or all of the increasingly expensive alternative methods of dictation with human transcription.  (+info)

Phonotactics, neighborhood activation, and lexical access for spoken words. (5/911)

Probabilistic phonotactics refers to the relative frequencies of segments and sequences of segments in spoken words. Neighborhood density refers to the number of words that are phonologically similar to a given word. Despite a positive correlation between phonotactic probability and neighborhood density, nonsense words with high probability segments and sequences are responded to more quickly than nonsense words with low probability segments and sequences, whereas real words occurring in dense similarity neighborhoods are responded to more slowly than real words occurring in sparse similarity neighborhoods. This contradiction may be resolved by hypothesizing that effects of probabilistic phonotactics have a sublexical focus and that effects of similarity neighborhood density have a lexical focus. The implications of this hypothesis for models of spoken word recognition are discussed.  (+info)

Word recall correlates with sleep cycles in elderly subjects. (6/911)

Morning recall of words presented before sleep was studied in relation to intervening night sleep measures in elderly subjects. Night sleep of 30 elderly subjects aged 61-75 years was recorded. Before sleep, subjects were presented with a list of paired non-related words and cued recall was asked immediately after the morning awakening. Recall positively correlated with average duration of NREM/REM cycles, and with the proportion of time spent in cycles (TCT) over total sleep time (TST). No significant correlations were found with other sleep or wake measures. These results suggest the importance of sleep structure for sleep-related memory processes in elderly adults.  (+info)

Recognition of spoken words by native and non-native listeners: talker-, listener-, and item-related factors. (7/911)

In order to gain insight into the interplay between the talker-, listener-, and item-related factors that influence speech perception, a large multi-talker database of digitally recorded spoken words was developed, and was then submitted to intelligibility tests with multiple listeners. Ten talkers produced two lists of words at three speaking rates. One list contained lexically "easy" words (words with few phonetically similar sounding "neighbors" with which they could be confused), and the other list contained lexically "hard" words (words with many phonetically similar sounding "neighbors"). An analysis of the intelligibility data obtained with native speakers of English (experiment 1) showed a strong effect of lexical similarity. Easy words had higher intelligibility scores than hard words. A strong effect of speaking rate was also found whereby slow and medium rate words had higher intelligibility scores than fast rate words. Finally, a relationship was also observed between the various stimulus factors whereby the perceptual difficulties imposed by one factor, such as a hard word spoken at a fast rate, could be overcome by the advantage gained through the listener's experience and familiarity with the speech of a particular talker. In experiment 2, the investigation was extended to another listener population, namely, non-native listeners. Results showed that the ability to take advantage of surface phonetic information, such as a consistent talker across items, is a perceptual skill that transfers easily from first to second language perception. However, non-native listeners had particular difficulty with lexically hard words even when familiarity with the items was controlled, suggesting that non-native word recognition may be compromised when fine phonetic discrimination at the segmental level is required. Taken together, the results of this study provide insight into the signal-dependent and signal-independent factors that influence spoken language processing in native and non-native listeners.  (+info)

Cognitive modularity and genetic disorders. (8/911)

This study challenges the use of adult neuropsychological models for explaining developmental disorders of genetic origin. When uneven cognitive profiles are found in childhood or adulthood, it is assumed that such phenotypic outcomes characterize infant starting states, and it has been claimed that modules subserving these abilities start out either intact or impaired. Findings from two experiments with infants with Williams syndrome (a phenotype selected to bolster innate modularity claims) indicate a within-syndrome double dissociation: For numerosity judgments, they do well in infancy but poorly in adulthood, whereas for language, they perform poorly in infancy but well in adulthood. The theoretical and clinical implications of these results could lead to a shift in focus for studies of genetic disorders.  (+info)

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We all know that the English language plays a crucial role in competitive exams like PSC, SSC, Banking exams, etc. So if you are aiming to crack those examinations, you should have a strong command of your English language skills. Vocabulary is one of the most crucial topics of English subject. Vocabulary refers to all the words in a language that is known and used by a particular person. It is essential not only for competitive exams but it is the fundamental tool for communication and acquiring knowledge. In order to help you in improving your vocabulary skills, Entri will provide you with Weekly English Vocabulary based on The Hindu editorial every Friday. Reading the daily Hindu editorial is highly recommended for candidates who are aspiring for competitive exams. In this blog, we have given some questions based on Vocabulary with answers and solutions. Check here for Weekly English Vocabulary Based on The Hindu Editorial 2021 August 20.. Attempt free Daily Vocabulary Quiz. ...
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critical thinking is considered important in the field of education due to its possible effects on language learning. therefore, the reasons behind the success and failure of language learners have provoked researchers to examine different aspects of the language learning process. moreover, improving learners critical thinking ability in the course of learning will enable students to rely on their own decisions and thoughts regarding the strategies and techniques that they would want to employ in learning the language. this paper reports the findings from a mixed-method study of 75 postgraduate students critical thinking ability and vocabulary learning strategy use, as well as comparing the critical thinking score of proficient and less proficient students. data were collected using schmitts vocabulary learning strategies question- naire, california critical thinking skills test and semi-structured interviews. the findings revealed a statisti- cally significant relationship between learners ...
Language proficiency, home-language status, and English vocabulary development: A longitudinal follow-up of the Word Generation program* - Volume 15 Issue 3 - JOSHUA F. LAWRENCE, LAUREN CAPOTOSTO, LEE BRANUM-MARTIN, CLAIRE WHITE, CATHERINE E. SNOW
Hirai, A. (2014). A Review of Four Studies on Measuring Vocabulary Knowledge. Vocabulary Learning and Instruction, 3 (2), 85-92. doi: 10.7820/vli.v03.2.hirai. ...
(Building Vocabulary Skills) PDF FREE ó Sherrie L. Nist Á Building Vocabulary Skills McGraw Hill Building Vocabulary Skills teaches vocabula
A bilingual-monolingual comparison of young childrens vocabulary size: Evidence from comprehension and production - Volume 35 Issue 6 - ANNICK DE HOUWER, MARC H. BORNSTEIN, DIANE L. PUTNICK
The Comprehensive Receptive and Expressive Vocabulary Test -Third Edition (CREVT-3) is an innovative, efficient measure of both receptive and expressive oral vocabulary. It is a norm-referenced assessment tool used to identify, describe, and quantify oral vocabulary proficiency in children and adults. Specifically, it can be used to identify individuals who are significantly behind their peers in oral vocabulary facility, note discrepancies between receptive and expressive oral vocabulary, document progress in oral vocabulary development as a consequence of intervention programs, and measure oral vocabulary in research studies. Features of the CREVT-3 Two equivalent forms are available All new normative data (N = 1,535) were collected from a demographically representative sample of the 2011 U.S. population ages 5-0 through 89-11 years. Outdated photos (i.e., automobile, truck, mailman, vacuum cleaner, shaver, stove) were replaced with more contemporary photographs. A pronunciation guide for ...
The aim of this study is to investigate the effect of Game Based Learning technique on 2nd grade primary school students vocabulary growth and retention. A quasi-experimental study design, specifically randomized pre-test, post-test, retention test, control and experimental groups were adopted. While forming the groups, classes were appointed to the experimental and control groups at random. In the experimental group students were taught the target words through Game Based Learning Technique while in the control group, students were taught the same target words without this technique. As data collection instruments, an English Vocabulary Test and Retention Test, comprised of 30 items, were prepared in accordance with the contents of the curriculum and the level of the students. The quantitative data obtained from the investigation were analyzed through independent-samples t-test and SPSS. The results indicated a significant difference in English vocabulary growth and retention levels in favor ...
Take a multiple-choice English vocabulary synonyms test for free. No sign-ups and no forms to fill out, just clean pages of English vocabulary tests to practice on.
This study investigated the effects of different types of captions on English as a Foreign Language Learners (EFL) vocabulary learning and comprehension. Eighty students in a Chinese university participated. Students were divided into four groups with two classes of freshmen, one class of juniors, and one class of graduate students. Each group watched four video clips with four caption conditions: L1 Chinese, L2 English, dual (L1 and L2), and no captions. The order and caption conditions were counterbalanced. The purpose of the study was to find which caption condition is more effective for EFL learners. Four by four mixed ANOVAs were used to compare the differences among the four conditions and groups. Results indicated that students performances were statistically significantly different across captions and class levels. In general, students in L1, L2, and dual captions statistically outperformed the no caption condition in vocabulary and comprehension. Results of the effects of
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Cross-situational learning is a mechanism for learning the meaning of words across multiple exposures, despite exposure-by-exposure uncertainty as to the words true meaning. We present experimental evidence showing that humans learn words effectively using cross-situational learning, even at high levels of referential uncertainty. Both overall success rates and the time taken to learn words are affected by the degree of referential uncertainty, with greater referential uncertainty leading to less reliable, slower learning. Words are also learned less successfully and more slowly if they are presented interleaved with occurrences of other words, although this effect is relatively weak. We present additional analyses of participants trial-by-trial behavior showing that participants make use of various cross-situational learning strategies, depending on the difficulty of the word-learning task. When referential uncertainty is low, participants generally apply a rigorous eliminative approach to ...
Abstract: Studying lexical learning across writing systems in beginning learners is one way to provide insight into how second language (L2) learners approach an entirely unfamiliar orthography and to determine whether previous language learning effects are generalizable to languages that have minimal overlap. This study examined initial L2 orthographic and semantic acquisition in monolingual nati... read moreve English speakers who learned a fixed set of Chinese words under controlled laboratory conditions. Participants were tracked to obtain longitudinal behavioral and event-related potentials (ERP) data in 10 sessions of L2 vocabulary learning. Verbal backward translation and semantic categorization were assessed. Behavioral data supported that participants gradually acquired the L2 stimuli items and several ERP components showed changes during the course of the study. Compared to L1 items, an enhanced P2 component was seen to L2 items in semantic categorization. A small but growing N400 ...
Instructions: This quiz was designed to help you refresh and learn 5000 Must Know English Vocabulary Test 08. Each question has an English word or phrase and 4 meanings for you to select. Choose the meaning of the given words then click submit button to answer. After you finish your test, you can review your answers.
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ELA L 3 4c Grade 3 Language Vocabulary Acquisition and Use. Use a known root word as a clue to the meaning of an unknown word with the same root (e.g....
Barrons French Vocabulary Pdf; Thematic Approach In Writing; Goodreads helps you keep track of books you want to read. Start by marking Mastering French Vocabulary: A Thematic Approach as Want to Read: Rate this book See a Problem? Highly recommended. Audio Mp3 A Thematic Approach Mastering Vocabulary Mastering French Vocabulary With Audio Mastering French Vocabulary with Audio MP3: A Thematic Approach (Mastering Vocabulary) (Barrons Vocabulary): Wolfgang von Fischer, Anne-Marie Le Plouhinec: 9781438071534: Books. Wed love your help. flag. This inspirational mastering french vocabulary a thematic approach pdf course is an intensive one-year postgraduate experience designed to extend and. Written by Wolfgang Fischer and AnneMarie Le Plouhinec, this vocabulary treasure comes with ten hours of MP3 audio, which. No_Favorite. Mastering French Vocabulary: A Thematic Approach (Mastering Vocabulary) Gordon Macleod marked it as to-read Sep 20, I Agree This site uses cookies to deliver ...
An unwritten rule in many countries says that it is very important or even necessary to know at least one foreign language. Undoubtedly, there are many factors which influence our language acquisition and have been extensively researched in order to ensure that they address the needs of different students. The elements which affect our language abilities are motivation, techniques, methods but also appropriate language strategy. For many years experts have paid attention to the plans that students use in order to achieve results in their study. In their research they have decided to reject the way of study based on particular principles or methods and they have decided to concentrate on students. Moreover, they have started to explore the nature of Language Learning Strategies and the matter how they influence receiving foreign language. The results of their investigations are considered to be the greatest causes in the process of language acquisition, by focusing on differences in language ...
Welcome to Colour-Me-In Word Search Puzzles for English Vocabulary Fun! B1 Level. English Language Learners of all ages will learn new words and improve their spelling while having some artistic fun. This first book includes all of the Vocabulary words you need to know at the B1 Level, as set out by the Common European
Instructions: This quiz was designed to test your English vocabulary of Grade 6 - Unit 04. Each question has an English word or phrase and 4 meanings for you to select. Choose the meaning of the given words then click submit button to answer. After you finish your test, you can review your answers.
On this page you will find many vocabulary exercises, games and activities in English, whether you are a beginner or if you have an advanced level. Each exercise is available as a PDF that you can print for free, which is very useful if you are a teacher and you need exercises for your lessons, or if you are learning English alone at home and you need exercises to learn, practice, test your knowledge and thus improve your vocabulary skills.. All the vocabulary worksheets are classified and listed by theme, on all the essential subjects of todays world, with general vocabulary useful in everyday life, but also current topics. They are presented in a very clear manner, with many examples to help you understand what to do. These varied exercises will allow you to enrich your vocabulary in a targeted and effective way.. The detailed answers for each exercise are provided with and will allow you to strengthen your skills, with examples of word use that will allow you to enrich your linguistic ...
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How to Study English Vocabulary Using a Japanese Monster. Remembering everything we need to can be a challenge in our hectic lives. Our brains are busy machines. I cant tell you how many times a day I walk into a particular room, only to find myself wondering why the hell I did so. Was I there to speak to someone? To get something? Jeez, am I even in the right room? For students who are studying English, memory can be even more problematic because developing English fluency involves learning a vast vocabulary. Students have to memorize and try using countless new words, and in their various tenses and forms, as well as their definitions, various uses, synonyms, antonyms and colloquial variations. This is a daunting project, to say the least. To make matters worse, the English language has one of the language worlds largest vocabularies-well over 2.4 million words-and the number is growing, as around the world users add to the lexicon and the new words and ideas are incorporated. How can one ...
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Free download ePub A Way With Words: Book 1 Students book: Vocabulary Development Activities for Learners of English (Bk. 1) ebook
This course is all about vocabulary, application, vocabulary, application, and some more vocabulary. Honestly, it is meant to train you to read correctly, build your familiarity with the language, and, in case we forgot, increase your vocabulary!
I dont know if anybody has played reverse bingo before, but I do know that it was an original brainstorm for me. I wanted the students to be more fully engaged in the game, than in a regular bingo game. A regular game is too passive. Students are only practicing the few items called before the game ends. With reverse bingo the students practice all of the facts (skills) before the game begins.. Each student needs a set of answers. In my sets there are always 2 left over cards. This keeps the kids from just putting the one thats left done with no thinking involved. Students could do this step as part of a center or group time activity. Those who finish and have it ready will be able to play Reverse Bingo at game time. This gives them an incentive to get the work done on time.. To play the teacher (or caller) chooses an answer card and calls the number. The students remove that number from their cards. At times there are 2 of the same number (18, 24, 36 in this game) and the students can apply ...
php /** * @file * Drush commands related to taxonomy. */ /** * Implements hook_drush_command(). */ function drush_taxonomy_drush_command() { $items[vocabulary-clean] = array( description =, dt(Delete all terms in a vocabulary.), aliases =, array(vc), arguments =, array( name =, dt(The vocabulary names to clean.), ), examples =, array( drush vocabulary-clean tags =, dt(Delete all the terms in tags vocabulary), drush vocabulary-clean tags test =, dt(Delete all the terms in tags and test vocabularies), ), ); return $items; } /** * Callback for the vocabulary clean command. */ function drush_drush_taxonomy_vocabulary_clean() { $names = func_get_args(); if (!empty($names)) { // Check for duplicate ids. $test_names = array_unique($names); if (count($test_names) != count($names)) { drush_set_error(DRUSH_VOCABULARY_CLEAN_ERROR, dt(You have duplicate vocabulary names.)); return; } //Searching the vocabularies in the site $vocabulary_in_db = ... helps you learn and improve English as well as practice Math easily and interestingly. Courses are based on English vocabulary, grammar, English
Download PDF Test your range of English vocabulary with this exercise. Fill in the blanks with the appropriate form of the word given in the brackets. 1. Such an antiquated law should be ………………………. (null) 2. The school is responsible for ……………………….. the childs mind. (nurture) 3. The diet is …………………………. but low in calories. (nutrition) […]
Tantric Tip for English Vocabulary In Use: grade; worthwhile article satisfies very the most important field to take about her uncle, and is easy to renal community performance j. You can get with any Separate leaflets you can resolve. condemn your ethnicity and your d Sorry.
ECAT Engineering Entry Test 2021 English Vocabulary 8 MCQS Online Preparation Sample Paper Questions with Answer through which you can prepare for the exam in best possible way.
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On Friday, Marjorie presented a workshop at Teachers College on vocabulary acquisition with Ken Pransky. Ken is the author of Beneath the Surface: The Hidden Realities of Teaching Culturally and Linguistically Diverse Young Learners K-6 ( ) and My Fantastic Word Book: Young Student Thesaurus. The student thesaurus is a wonderful resource for vocabulary acquisition that…
Write a word or words on the board. Click on the free vocabulary worksheet you would like to print or download. • Pages 1 - 57 focus on general vocabulary items. Posted on February 28, 2020 by hamilton93. 8th Grade Vocabulary Worksheets To Print: Vocabulary Quiz - A perfect starting place for eighth graders. Visit this page now! Prefixes Exercises. Articles worksheets are in PDF Format and consist of a worksheet and answer sheet to check your results. The cards can be cut out if des... 138,042 Downloads . Levels of Difficulty : Elementary Intermediate Advanced WF011 - Word Formation - Sentences Intermediate ESL Food Worksheets. Vocabulary Worksheets (B1) This sections provides you with downloadable PDF worksheets and keys for vocabulary at the B1 (Intermediate ) level. A Hard Word Search Puzzle. Grammar worksheets. What makes this so hard? If you are a language teacher yourself you would often have to make your students fill up the vocabulary worksheets to test their vocabulary strength. This ...
Insert a term into a vocabulary, if the term doesnt already exist. * @param $term_name Name of the term to insert * @param $vocabulary_name Machine name of the vocabulary * @return Term object representing the term */ function insert_term_if_not_exists($term_name, $vocabulary_name) { // Get the vocabulary object, using the machine name. $vocabulary = taxonomy_vocabulary_machine_name_load(vocabulary_name); // Get the list of matched terms of our term name. $matched_terms = taxonomy_get_term_by_name($term_name, $vocabulary-,machine_name); // Add the term if it doesnt already exist. if(empty($matched_terms)) { // There are no matched terms, so add the term. $term = new stdClass(); $term-,vid = $vocabulary-,vid; $term-,name = $term_name; taxonomy_term_save($term); } else { // The term already exists in the vocabulary. // Return the first object in the list of matched terms. $term = array_shift($matched_terms); } // Return the term object. return $term ...
Volume 1 of ,i,Approaches to Bootstrapping,/i, focuses on early word learning and syntactic development with special emphasis on the bootstrapping mechanisms by which the child using properties of the speech input enters the native linguistic system. Topics discussed in the area of lexical acquisition are: cues and mechanisms for isolating words in the input; special features of motherese and their role for early word learning; the determination of first word meanings; memory and related processing capacities in early word learning and understanding; and lexical representation and lexical access in early language production. ,br /,The papers on syntactic development deal with the acquisition of grammatical prosodic features for learning language specific syntactic regularities.Volume 2 of ,i,Approaches to Bootstrapping,/i, focuses on the interaction between the development of prosodic and morphosyntactic knowledge as evidenced in the early speech of Dutch, English, German, Portugese, Spanish, ...
Expressive One-Word Picture Vocabulary Test 4 (EOWPVT)- NEW! Speech-Therapy Materials, Special Education Products, and other Resources for Special Learning Needs
The current study investigated how readers process different types of contextual information following novel words during the course of silent reading. The two types of contextual information were action context and categorical context. Two experiments were conducted, in which the context type was manipulated following novel or familiar target words to examine their impact on reading patterns. The reading session in the first experiment was followed by a recognition test, while the reading session in the second experiment was followed by a forced choice vocabulary test. Strong familiarity effects were consistently found for measures of initial processing and rereading across both experiments. Effects of context type were found in the second experiment. These effects may be related to different types of inferential processing for each context condition. Analyses of surprise post-test data for both experiments revealed no recognition differences across context conditions, but did reveal differences in eye
If you understood, but made a mistake in spelling your answer, the … Start learning French with these words! Choose from 500 different sets of french vocabulary flashcards on Quizlet. Newsletter (+ 21 000 Happy Subscribers), Email: [email protected] to start (activity, day)/to enter into (battle, interview)/to open (negotiation)/to undermine (credibility, moral)/to eat into (economies)/to cut into/open/start eating (consumption of food, etc.) As I explained in paragraph 1, … This is a revised update of the original French Vocabulary - University Level. It contains the most important and most frequently used French words. If You Can Pass This French Vocabulary Test, You Definitely Belong In Paris. ), to punctuate (life, history)/to line (road), to save (money)/to spare (person, effort). Tough words and tougher competition. Note: The words are very randomly picked from various themes and different levels. Tests (PDF, 520KB) Tests Answer Key ... Test your visual vocabulary with our … ...
SSC and all Competitive Exams. Explore The Hindu Editorial with Vocabulary to score good marks in English Section. Start practising this vocabulary to increase your word power. While reading a passage you have to highlight tough words in it and analyse the correct meaning of those words. This will help you understand the passage clearly and also you can learn more new words, it means also you can develop your vocabulary. To help you in this part we have provided an English Vocabulary passage along with meaning, synonyms and usages of hard words in the passage, make use of it. We also providing Important Vocabulary Quiz based on THE ECONOMIST and THE HINDU. ...
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Vocabulary Test About TOWNS AND VILLAGES Choose The Right Answer MCQ Exercise 131 6 Free Online English Grammar Quizzes - Tests - Exercises About Vocabulary Test About TOWNS AND VILLAGES Choose The Right Answer MCQ Exercise 131
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From the word knowledge assessment viewpoint, Study 2 explored the viability of tablets in assessing early word comprehension among 1-year-olds by means of a two-alternative forced choice word recognition task. Preliminary results indicated that children as young as 18 months can engage meaningfully with a tablet-based assessment, with minimal verbal instruction and child-administrator interaction. The encouraging results further suggest that such assessments have scope for deriving a direct measure of early word comprehension that can supplement parent reports, such as the MacArthur-Bates Communicative Development Inventories (CDI), thereby addressing concerns relating to the exclusive use of parent reports and allowing a more complete picture of childrens early language development. In order to facilitate the assessment of early word knowledge, Study 3 sought to develop a language-general approach that produces adaptive short-form versions of CDIs with test items that are maximally ...
Previous studies evidenced transfer effects from professional music training to novel word learning. However, it is unclear whether such an advantage is driven by cascading, bottom-up effects from better auditory perception to semantic processing or by topdown influences from cognitive functions on perception. Moreover, the long-term effects of novel word learning remain an open issue. To address these questions, we used a word learning design, with four different sets of novel words, and we neutralized the potential perceptive and associative learning advantages in musicians. Under such conditions, we did not observe any advantage in musicians on the day of learning (Day 1 [D1]), at neither a behavioral nor an electrophysiological level; this suggests that the previously reported advantages in musicians are likely to be related to bottom-up processes. Nevertheless, 1 month later (Day 30 [D30]) and for all types of novel words, the error increase from D1 to D30 was lower in musicians compared to ...
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Vocabulary knowledge and expression is critical for children and adolescents success in communicating their ideas and summarizing curriculum information. But what about those with communication disorders, language disorders, and learning disabilities? They often have a limited vocabulary that hinders their ability to comprehend information and clearly express their thoughts. They need direct instruction from speech language pathologists to learn vocabulary building strategies. They need multiple exposures of a word to transfer it to their spoken vocabulary. They need opportunities to hear new words, speak them, read them, and write them in the appropriate context. Children and adolescents need to be taught high frequency tier 2 vocabulary words. However, young children also need therapeutic intervention to expand their semantic processing skills of Tier 1 everyday vocabulary. Did you know that there are six vocabulary building research based steps that speech-language pathologists can use ...
Vocabulary knowledge and expression is critical for children and adolescents success in communicating their ideas and summarizing curriculum information. But what about those with communication disorders, language disorders, and learning disabilities? They often have a limited vocabulary that hinders their ability to comprehend information and clearly express their thoughts. They need direct instruction from speech language pathologists to learn vocabulary building strategies. They need multiple exposures of a word to transfer it to their spoken vocabulary. They need opportunities to hear new words, speak them, read them, and write them in the appropriate context. Children and adolescents need to be taught high frequency tier 2 vocabulary words. However, young children also need therapeutic intervention to expand their semantic processing skills of Tier 1 everyday vocabulary. Did you know that there are six vocabulary building research based steps that speech-language pathologists can use ...
Vocabulary Test About HOUSEHOLD CHORES Choose The Right Answer MCQ Exercise 126 20 Free Online English Grammar Quizzes - Tests - Exercises About Vocabulary Test About HOUSEHOLD CHORES Choose The Right Answer MCQ Exercise 126
There appears to be a close and probably causal relationship between early variations in phoneme skills and later reading skills in typically developing children, though the pattern in children with Down Syndrome is less clear. We present the results of a 2-year longitudinal study of 49 children with Down Syndrome (DS) and 61 typically developing (TD) control children with similar initial levels of reading skill. Phoneme awareness and vocabulary were strong concurrent predictors of initial levels of reading skill in both groups. However, longitudinally phoneme awareness was a predictor of the growth of reading skills in TD children but not in children with DS. There was a very high degree of longitudinal stability in reading skills in children with DS, and initial levels of reading skills seemed to be highly constrained by general language skills, as indexed by vocabulary knowledge, in this population. We conclude that reading development in children with DS shows similarities and differences to the
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The main problem D/HH students are straggling with is the comprehension of foreign words and expression and this asDomagala-Zy?k (2016) said is linked with their difficulties in mastering their national language. Vocabulary is defined as the storehouse of word meanings that we draw on to comprehend what is said to us, express our thoughts, or interpret what we read (Moats, 2005, p.7, as cited in Luckner; Cooke, 2010). Unlike hearing students, D/HH students are frequently reported to have reduced and delayed vocabulary knowledge. They have small lexicon and they tend to acquire newwords at slower rates(Luckner ;Cooke, 2010). D/HH students learn the concrete words like (dog, bleu,six)more easily than the abstract words like (before, after, love hate, jealous). They also have problems with function words like (the, an, and) and it is difficult for them to understand polysemic words. D/HH students cannot understand and write complex sentences with relative clauses or passive voice(Mpofu; ...
Sub-optimal language development is associated with the metabolic disorder galactosaemia (GAL). Some children with GAL are identified with language impairment from the initial stages of language learning, but a subset of children may exhibit disrupted developmental gains in speech and language skill after a period of age-appropriate skill development. The developmental trajectory of communicative skills in a female with GAL who at 18 months of age presented with age-appropriate skills is presented. Monitoring over an 18-month period indicated appropriate developmental pace on all measures, but receptive vocabulary development is developing at a lower level of functioning. Her below-average vocabulary skills coupled with the risk of emerging skill deficits concomitant with ongoing disruptions to central nervous system maturation associated with GAL suggests an increased risk of emergent skill deficits. Maturation of language capabilities is ongoing; therefore age at assessment may be critical to ...
The world of fun online games is growing rapidly with new games added almost every day. There are so many different online games across a variety of genres, from adventure to war, shooters, sports, and even social games. Many websites offer free games that anyone can play for fun or entertainment. Other games require a subscription fee. Some online gaming sites feature only the top games or the most popular ones on their personal home pages. Either way, millions of people are enjoying the benefits of online gaming.. One of the most popular fun online games is a game called Fluentu. You have to guess words in a grid of letters, which make up a word. You get points each time you guess a word without making mistakes, and the highest score wins the game. Its an excellent crossword puzzle that will keep you entertained and your vocabulary growing as long as you play it. You can get more information about joker123.. In addition to games with vocabulary, another of the best online games involves ...
File Folder Games at File Folder Heaven - Printable, hands-on fun! Apple Themed Vocabulary Cards - The Apple Themed Vocabulary Cards include 18 apple themed vocabulary words: apples, red, green, tree, cider, pie, pick, seeds, stem, flesh, leave, skin, stem, core, basket, bushel, apple juice, and apple slice. Vocabulary cards can be used for many language and vocabulary building activities including: sorting, alphabetizing, sequencing, and identifying.file folder
Advanced Reading Power,by Beatrice S. Mikulecky and Linda Jeffries, is a student-centered reading skills textbook based on a cognitive skills approach. Its four key sections, designed to be used concurrently, help advanced students master reading skills needed for academic success: Extensive Readinghelps students to build reading fluency, increase comprehension, and broaden vocabulary. Vocabulary Buildingincludes numerous strategies for learning vocabulary, including using context clues, analyzing word parts, and noticing collocations. Comprehension Skillsteaches reading skills, such as making inferences, recognizing patterns of organization, and reading critically. Reading Fasterfeatures high-interest, nonfiction selections that help students improve their reading rate and flexibility. Features: A variety ofauthentic reading selections, including excerpts from college textbooks, promotes purposeful reading. Focus on Vocabularysections provide practice with academic vocabulary from the unit. ...
The words your child knows and can use in order to communicate or read are defined as his vocabulary. By increasing the size of your childs vocabulary, you can effectively increase the level at which your child is capable of reading, writing, and speaking.. The NRP says Children learn the meanings of most words indirectly, through everyday experiences with oral and written language. Children learn the words through everyday conversation with peers, adults, through shows they watch, and through listening to books that are read aloud.. Therefore, one of the easiest ways to increase your childs vocabulary is to read aloud to him on a daily basis. You can also use new, unfamiliar words in conversations with your child. Children learn new words best when the words are used in context, so using new words appropriately and purposefully in conversation will help convey meaning, pronunciation, and will expand your childs vocabulary.. Specific word instruction, or teaching individual words, can ...
There are so many great fun online games across many different genres, from shooting to sports, war games, puzzle games, and even virtual reality games. In fact, it is impossible to go online without finding at least one game that you have an interest in playing. While some people play these games for a variety of different reasons, there are others who play them just because they are fun and exciting. No matter what the reason is for you to be enjoying these games, it can be fun no matter what.. The most popular fun online games are those that allow you to speak and understand a language. Fluentu is one of the most recognized vocabulary games available on the internet. This site allows its users to learn to speak and understand the Spanish language from a word list that is not only well designed but easy to comprehend. If you know a lot about any kind of language, you will find that Fluentu can provide a great way to improve your skills in that area.. In addition to learning new words through ...
Academic language is the means by which students develop and express content understandings. Burke recently released his â A-Listâ of 15 academic vocabulary words based on what his current teaching colleagues decided are central to all subjects and are in keeping with state standards and the Common Core. Level ***** [B1/B2/C1] Example / TEACHER MEMBERSHIP, 100 high frequency words taken from the Academic Word List and put into grid. Sight words, nouns, verbs, adjectives, and early reading words occur at this level. reasons, for example, and in comparison are all academic in tone, while Fill out your details to receive the newsletter. Level ***** [B1/B2]. Provide three examples of how you can encourage content-based vocabulary development in your future classroom. meaning and The AWL highlighter allows you to highlight words from the AWL (Academic Word List) in any text you choose. written contexts. which might be used in social science research (e.g. Julie Moore, a ...
The overarching aim of this thesis is to explore how teaching and learning in tertiary education is performed in times of change both in language policy and learning approaches. The study takes social constructivist and socio-cultural theories as its major points of departure. These theories are combined with cognitive theory of learning with multimedia.. The four studies comprising this thesis are born out of a new situation demanding the mastery of a scientific language in English and new ways of teaching and learning backed with ICT. The studies set out to investigate (i) how students and teachers adapt to a change of medium of instruction (ii) what teachers and students of physics learn when constructing a multimedia vocabulary learning instrument (iii) the impact of two methods of teaching vocabulary on students test performance and (iv) how teachers reflect on the use of ICT in Physics teaching.. To attain these targets, the study employed a blend of qualitative and quantitative designs ...
Reynolds, B.L.(2018, October 8-10). The Taiwanese college entrance examination centers reference word list effects on Taiwanese adolescent learners English vocabulary acquisition and retention. Individual Differences in Second Language Learning and Teaching II: The Individual and the Context. Konin, Poland: State University of Applied Sciences. (SRG2016-00079-FED). ...
Teaching vocabulary to students is one of the cornerstones of speech-language therapy. Students who lack vocabulary skills have difficulty with reading comprehension, understanding conversations, and accessing curriculum. Categorization is a key skill in vocabulary development.
English is a West Germanic language originating in England, and the first language for most people in Australia, Canada, the Commonwealth Caribbean, Ireland, New Zealand, the United Kingdom and the United States. It is also the co-official language of Malta, along with Maltese. One of the consequences of the French influence due to the Norman Conquest in the Middle Ages is that the vocabulary of the English language contains a massive number of non-Germanic words, i.e., Latin-derived words that entered the lexicon after the invasion. English vocabulary is, to an extent divided between Germanic words (mostly Old English) and Latinate words (Latin-derived, directly from Norman French or other Romance languages). For instance, pairs of words such as ask and question (the first verb being Germanic and the second Latinate) show the division between Germanic and Latinate lexemes that compose Modern English vocabulary. The structure of the English language, however, has remained unequivocally ...
Recent studies have established that adults with post-stroke aphasia can learn to establish connections between familiar words and abstract images, and nonwords with familiar objects. What has not been investigated was whether adults with aphasia could learn non-words with abstract images/ novel meanings i.e. new vocabulary. The main objective of this study was to investigate whether adults with post-stroke aphasia could learn novel word forms with novel word meanings, despite phonological and/or semantic impairment. Specific research questions included: Can post-stroke adults with aphasia learn new vocabulary? If so, what factors affect their capacity to learn? Is it possible to predict which individuals will learn most successfully? The methodology was developed using preliminary studies both with adults of normal language and cognitive functioning and post-stroke non-aphasic and aphasic adults. It incorporated learning theory and a cognitive neuropsychological model of language. A range ...
In 1990 Gathercole and Baddeley proposed a strong hypothesis that has generated a wealth of research in the field of language development and disorder. The hypothesis was that phonological memory, as indexed by nonword repetition, is causally related to vocabulary development. Support for the hypothesis came from an impressive range of longitudinal, correlational, and laboratory training studies, and from studies of specific language impairment (SLI). However, more recently, Gathercole, Tiffany, Briscoe, Thorn, and The ALSPAC Team (2005), directly tested the causal hypothesis by following a cohort of children from age 5 to 8 years. Contrary to prediction, children with poor nonword repetition abilities at age 5 had normal vocabulary at the age of 8.
What long endures, is finally good…… Long, it was quiet around the successful vocabulary of the Aachen father daughter duo. But while the vocabulary trainer AZ6-1 was secretly, quietly becoming more popular and quiet, Annika and her father, Dr. Erwin Lammenett, never slept now theyre back with another version of the vocabulary trainer, which comes in addition to the new audio feature on request also on a USB stick. Mobils learns better… Check out tony hawk for additional information. and above all more often. It has also thought also the smart Duo and the new version simply for the USB stick developed. This of course fits in any pocket, offers more than enough space for all of the users vocabulary, even if they are equipped with audio files. But above all needs the AZ6 1 USB version no installation on your computer. Simply plug into the USB port of the PC and go learn so each is free hour in the school saved learning time at home, the visit can be invested in a swimming pool who wants ...
Recycling Worksheets for Middle School Best Of Recycling Vocabulary´ topic the School the Classroom one of Rusdianto Worksheets Printables - ideas, to explore this Recycling Worksheets for Middle School Best Of Recycling Vocabulary´ topic the School the Classroom idea you can browse by and . We hope your happy with this Recycling Worksheets for Middle School Best Of Recycling Vocabulary´ topic the School the Classroom idea. You can download and please share this Recycling Worksheets for Middle School Best Of Recycling Vocabulary´ topic the School the Classroom ideas to your friends and family via your social media account. Back to Recycling Worksheets for Middle School. ...
Issue status update for Project: Drupal Version: cvs Component: taxonomy.module Category: feature requests Priority: normal Assigned to: Morbus Iff Reported by: Morbus Iff Updated by: Dries Status: patch If would make sense if free tags were also shown if there are less than 25 terms, not? Dries Previous comments: ------------------------------------------------------------------------ April 14, 2005 - 18:31 : Morbus Iff Attachment: (1.28 KB) There was some small talk about this here and there during my folksonomy/free tagging patch, but I held off until now to actually implement it. Much like we handle free tagging vocabularies (this is a free tagging vocabulary: view terms, which leads the admin into the taxonomy pager system), this patch does the same thing for NON-free tagging vocabularies, but ONLY if the vocabulary has more than 25 terms. These patches were made during the exploration and customization of ...
adjective. COLLOCATIONS FROM OTHER ENTRIES. artificial additives. ▪. Our products are free from artificial additives .. artificial barriers. ▪. They were committed to breaking down the artificial barriers to womens achievement.. artificial.
noun. a localized swollen area of infection containing pus. had an abscess on his leg. Synonyms: boil, carbuncle, furuncle, pimple, pustule. Related Word: lesion, sore, trauma; botch, ulcer
The word frequency effect is a psychological phenomenon where recognition times are faster for words seen more frequently than for words seen less frequently. Word frequency depends on individual awareness of the tested language. The phenomenon can be extended to different characters of the word in non-alphabetic languages such as Chinese. A word is considered to be high frequency if the word is commonly used in daily speech, such as the word the. A word is considered to be low frequency if the word is not commonly used, such as the word strait. Some languages such as Chinese have multiple levels of daily speech that impact frequency of words. There is frequency at the character level or at the word level. There is also an effect of frequency at the orthographic level. Lower frequency words benefit more from a single repetition than higher frequency words. Most studies looking at the word frequency effect use eye tracking data. When words have a higher frequency, readers fixate on them for ...
Have you ever thought of browsing online book stores to increase your vocabulary? Browsing online books is a great technique to increase and improve your vocabulary skills and at the same time find exciting novels or literature, all right at your fingertips. It is a creative and educational way to have fun for you and family members. All that is needed is a dictionary, a thesaurus, paper and pencil or Word document, time, and patience.. Learn from books online. Since the advent of computers, it has drastically changed the way we do things, in particular when it comes to convenience. Though libraries and book stores still exist, book stores online has made it possible gain knowledge and entertainment simple and easy. You do not have to experience the hassle of driving to the brick and mortar places thus allowing you more time to explore and discover.. What is the advantage of learning from books online?. These online stores have great descriptions, the synopsis, excerpts, and editorials of most ...
Lexical knowledge influences how human listeners make decisions about speech sounds. Positive lexical effects (faster responses to target sounds in words than in nonwords) are robust across several laboratory tasks, while negative effects (slower responses to targets in more word-like nonwords than in less word-like nonwords) have been found in phonetic decision tasks but not phoneme monitoring tasks. The present experiments tested whether negative lexical effects are therefore a task-specific consequence of the forced choice required in phonetic decision. We compared phoneme monitoring and phonetic decision performance using the same Dutch materials in each task. In both experiments there were positive lexical effects, but no negative lexical effects. We observe that in all studies showing negative lexical effects, the materials were made by cross-splicing, which meant that they contained perceptual evidence supporting the lexically-consistent phonemes. Lexical knowledge seems to influence ...
The L1 group did relatively well on the test obtaining mean scores between 70 and 92%, except on the fast mapping of novel verbs (NVFM) subtest where they obtained only 51.2%. They obtained an average total score of 72.5% on the test. Although this suggests that their semantic processing skills are not fully developed, it does indicate that children, who have developed English as their home language, have relatively good semantic processing skills to support the acquisition of academic language. The EAL group in context 2, who were in the same classes as the L1 learners, obtained mean scores between 60 and 79% on all subtests except fast mapping of novel verbs (NVFM) on which they obtained a mean score of 50.8%. The EAL group in context 2 obtained a total mean score of 63% on the semantic subtest, which is lower than that of their L1 peers. The EAL group in context 1 obtained mean scores below 50% on all the subtests except the quantifier subtest, on which they obtained a mean score of 64.1%. ...
Basic Signing Vocabulary: Sign Language Flash Cards Set A, This set of flash cards contain a collection of vocabulary and associated signs chosen from basic sight and beginning vocabulary lists. Remedia Publication, Garlic Press
This volume examines selected aspects of the foreign language learning process from an ecological perspective, adopting a holistic view on complex interrelations among and within organisms (L2 language learners) and their milieus (family, school and society). First of all, the personal ecosystem of
wmitBmmimmmmmmm y wX,^ .4^La nk:JAn, ;*, P z t,f ENGLISH-SWAHILI VOCABULARY. Digitized by tlie Internet Arcliive in 2007 witli funding from IVIicrosoft Corporation littp:// ENeLISH-SWAHILI VOCABULARY. COMPILED FROM THE WORKS OP THE LATE BISHOP STEERE AND FROM OTHER SOURCES. ST A. C. MADAN. SOCIETY FOR PROMOTING CHRISTIAN KNOWLEDGE, LONDON: 68, HAYMARKBT, S.W. 1317 BOOii -.-L.. a, MAiaC&Z. B. E.A. ADVERTISEMENT. fiiis Vocabulary was begun as an Index to Swabili Exercises (by Bishop Steere), and can be used for that purpose. It assumed its present form by the addition of a large number of words from his collections in the Handbook of the Swahili Language, and of a few from other sources. As it is intended to be useful, not only to Europeans learning Swahili, but to Swahilis and others learning to read an English book, a description of the abbreyiationa is added from Bichop Steeres ♦ Grammar in Swahili.* ABBREVIATIONS, T. = verb, maana ...
This recording of an OK2Ask online professional development session from June 2016, opens in Adobe Connect. Excite and engage students to jump into learning with tech tools to support direct instruction for vocabulary. Increase the vocabulary in all subjects areas using direct instruction based on Marzano strategies to increase success in school and on achievement tests. Increased vocabulary deepens background knowledge providing a better schemata for different learning experiences. Using the six step approach, discover tech tools to bring the vocabulary from short term memory into long term memory. Discover how the tech tools chosen, can be used to increase student collaboration and provide data for formative assessments. Participants will: 1. Review Marzanos strategies for vocabulary instruction; 2. Explore tools for vocabulary instruction; 3. Learn strategies for student collaboration during vocabulary instruction; and 4. Understand how to create formative assessments for vocabulary using ...
This website incorporates a series of pictures or diagrams intended to teach vocabulary. Visitors to the website can find out the name of a vocabulary item by moving the cursor over the picture to display the name both in Arabic and in English. Gender information about each vocabulary word is available, but is not always accurate. A login is required to access the sound and make edits or comments. This particular page is all about tools such as screwdriver and vice grip.. ...
This website incorporates a series of pictures or diagrams intended to teach vocabulary. Visitors to the website can find out the name of a vocabulary item by moving the cursor over the picture to display the name both in Arabic and in English. Gender information about each vocabulary word is available, but is not always accurate. A login is required to access the sound and make edits or comments. This particular page is devoted to herbs ...
Common Core Vocabulary Worksheet Worksheets Adding Decimals Practice Fun Math Games For Common Core Vocabulary Worksheets Worksheets math help forum double digit addition with regrouping worksheets math question help adding decimals practice shark math game A systematic set of mathematics worksheets will help you teach your child the basic principles of math and help them prepare for school. Worksheets can be used as the basis for counting and adding games and other activities. Teaching your child with worksheets also makes them more comfortable with doing worksheets - which will help them when they get to kindergarten and school, where worksheets are used every day. Worksheets Printable
Feb 2, 2020 - Explore BASAVAMANI Hs board Kindergarten sight words list on Pinterest. See more ideas about kindergarten sight words list, sight words list, teaching phonics.
In this chapter, we view the recent evidence on the bilingual lexicon that points to a dynamic view of lexical processes. In contrast to earlier assumptions that words in the bilinguals two languages were represented and processed independently, the findings of studies with both adults and children demonstrate that words in both languages are activated in parallel. Critically, the co-activation of the two languages does not depend on their structural similarity but on the very presence of the two languages themselves. The consequences of cross-language activation can be seen in language processing, not only from the first language (L1) to the second (L2) but also from the L2 to the L1. They can also be seen in the recruitment of cognitive resources in response to the demands of language processing and in the way that words come to influence language processes at the level of the grammar. From this perspective, the lexicon is far more than a collection of words but a lens into the dynamics of
The Hindu Editorial Vocabulary 12th August 2021 Daily Vocabulary Words 12 August The Hindu Daily Vocabulary 12th August 2021 The hindu vocab for exams
The Hindu Editorial Vocabulary 11th June 2021 Daily Vocabulary Words 11 June The Hindu Daily Vocabulary 11th June 2021 The hindu vocab for exams
The Linked Data Service provides access to commonly found standards and vocabularies promulgated by the Library of Congress. This includes data values and the controlled vocabularies that house them. Datasets available include LCSH, BIBFRAME, LC Name Authorities, LC Classification, MARC codes, PREMIS vocabularies, ISO language codes, and more.
Linguistic vocabulary is synonymous with thinking vocabulary. A person may be judged by others based on their vocabulary. ... Bibliography on vocabulary I.S.P. Nation's extensive collection of research on vocabulary. Vocabulary Acquisition Research ... A vocabulary is a set of familiar words within a person's language. A vocabulary, usually developed with age, serves as a ... A person's speaking vocabulary comprises the words used in speech and is generally a subset of the listening vocabulary. Due to ...
The productive vocabulary used in modern literary works, in fact, is made up mostly 67% of native tôdbhôbô words, while tôtsômô ... There are more than five lac Bengali vocabulary in this language overall including other languages which is used as Bengali. ... Deshi and bideshi borrowings together make up the remaining 8% of the vocabulary used in modern Bengali literature. This table ... The core of Bengali vocabulary is thus etymologically of Magadhi Prakrit and Pali languages. However, centuries of major ...
Vocabulary was largely Norse, and significant changes did not start to occur until the 13th and 14th centuries. Around this ... The vocabulary of the Icelandic language is heavily derived from and built upon Old Norse and contains relatively few loanwords ...
OneSource is an evolving data analysis tool used internally by the Air Combat Command (ACC) Vocabulary Services Team, and made ... Controlled vocabulary Data dictionary Data element Metadata Folksonomy Ontology (computer science) Air Force Command and ... It is used by the greater US Department of Defense (DoD) and NATO community for controlled vocabulary management and ... It provides its users with a consistent view of syntactical, lexical, and semantic data vocabularies through a community-driven ...
Vocabulary is also taken from Indian words such as dai meaning 'hey', goondu meaning 'fat', etc. This is most obvious in such ... Singlish vocabulary formally takes after British English (in terms of spelling and abbreviations), although naming conventions ... ISBN 0-19-580438-4. For a list of words relating to Singlish vocabulary, see the Singapore English category of words in ... the dialect terms used for them have slowly evolved into part of the Singlish vocabulary. Ordering in Singlish is widely ...
The Longman Defining Vocabulary (1988). The Macmillan Defining Vocabulary. The Oxford 3000 Defining Vocabulary. Learn These ... where a 360-word beginning-level defining vocabulary is used to explain a 2,000-word intermediate-level defining vocabulary, ... Using a defining vocabulary is not without its problems, and some scholars have argued that it can lead to definitions which ... A defining vocabulary is a list of words used by lexicographers to write dictionary definitions. The underlying principle goes ...
Vocabulary is the debut album of British new wave group Europeans. It was released on LP in September 1983; no CD version is ...
... is a book that provided the first published, substantial study of the Maliseet language. It was written by ... Maliseet Vocabulary has become a valuable source on the Maliseet language. Chamberlain credits Maliseet native James Pual of ... Some of this profusion of natural-world vocabulary is also inherent in the Maliseet culture: for example, the book includes six ... The main section listing vocabulary is preceded by an introduction to the Maliseet alphabet, and is followed by sample phrases ...
Persian has likewise influenced the vocabularies of other languages, especially Arabic, Armenian, Georgian, Indo-Iranian ... since the plurals formed by the Arabic morphological system constitute only a small portion of the Persian vocabulary (about 5 ...
... is a common phenomenon in the usage of natural languages, occurring when different people name the same ... The vocabulary mismatch between user created queries and relevant documents in a corpus causes the term mismatch problem in ... 1987) were perhaps the first to quantitatively study the vocabulary mismatch problem. Their results show that on average 80% of ... Zhao and Callan (2010) were perhaps the first to quantitatively study the vocabulary mismatch problem in a retrieval setting. ...
... , i.e., the vocabulary of the Estonian language, was influenced by many other language groups. The heaviest ... Inherited vocabulary in Estonian can be classified according to how far off they have cognates among the other Uralic languages ... Tallinn: Eesti Raamat, 47-70 (in Estonian) History of Estonian vocabulary Archived 2007-07-21 at the Wayback Machine (in ... external contribution, nearly one third of the vocabulary, comes from Germanic languages, mainly from Low Saxon (Middle Low ...
Projections on Celtic vocabulary (some words may have come via French borrowings starting in the 12th century), toponyms and ... Most of the Portuguese vocabulary comes from Latin because Portuguese is a Romance language. However, other languages that came ... Varela Sieiro, Xaime (2003). O enxoval [the trousseau]. Léxico cotián na Alta Idade Media de Galicia [Vocabulary everyday in ... mantica sapato "shoe" ***Uncertain origin Projections on Iberian vocabulary, toponyms and derivations in Portuguese, indicate ...
... is the set of jargon words used by twitchers (committed birdwatchers who travel long distances to see a ...
"The Person vocabulary of". Retrieved 13 March 2015. "The Book vocabulary of". Retrieved 13 March 2015. " ... "The Event vocabulary of". Retrieved 13 March 2015. Directory of Linked Open Vocabularies (LOV) (Webarchive template ... Authority control Controlled natural language Defining vocabulary IMS Vocabulary Definition Exchange Named-entity recognition ... or the Person vocabulary of Similarly, a book can be described using the Book vocabulary of and general ...
... print vocabulary begins to expand beyond oral vocabulary. By age 10, children's vocabulary development through reading moves ... their print vocabulary and oral vocabulary tend to be the same, as children use their vocabulary knowledge to match verbal ... A switch from an early stage of slow vocabulary growth to a later stage of faster growth is referred to as the vocabulary spurt ... By age 6, they have approximately 2,600 words of expressive vocabulary and 20,000-24,000 words of receptive vocabulary. Some ...
vocabulary, syntactic features, etc. goes back to the Church Slavonic language, known as Old Bulgarian, while 70% of Church ... French vocabulary contribution to the Bulgarian language totals around 15% and Ottoman Turkish (along with Arabic and Persian) ... These include much of the most common and basic vocabulary of the language, for example body parts (Bulgarian: ръка "hand") or ... As of the beginning of the 1960s, loanwords amounted to some 25% of the vocabulary of the standard dictionary of Bulgarian. The ...
In their formal spoken and written forms, Hindi and Urdu share a common grammar and much basic vocabulary. When Hindi and Urdu ... Hindustani, also known as Hindi-Urdu, like all Indo-Aryan languages, has a core base of Sanskrit-derived vocabulary, which it ... This Proto-Prakrit differs from Sanskrit partly in the phonology and the vocabulary which are common to all modern Indo-Aryan ... The core of Hindi vocabulary is thus etymologically Indo-European. However, centuries of borrowing has led to the adoption of a ...
The following list is a comparison of basic Proto-Slavic vocabulary and the corresponding reflexes in the modern languages, for ... Slavic languages History of the Slavic languages Proto-Slavic language Indo-European vocabulary Wiktionary:Appendix:Swadesh ...
Another type of vocabulary learning is called incidental vocabulary learning. By its nature, incidental vocabulary learning is ... The influence of incidental and intentional vocabulary acquisition and vocabulary strategy use on learning L2 vocabularies. ... Vocabulary learning types and low-frequency are important components in a vocabulary teaching program. The two major types of ... Given that vocabulary learning strategies are very diverse, Schmitt(2000) suggests a summary of major vocabulary learning ...
Derivation by affix greatly expands a speaker's vocabulary, sometimes beyond what they know in their native language. For ... Through the judicious use of lexical affixes (prefixes suffixes), the core vocabulary needed for communication was greatly ... See Esperantido.) Because Esperanto vocabulary is largely international, it shares many cognates with English. However, because ... this prefix is not used when an antonym exists in the basic vocabulary: suda (south), not "malnorda" from 'north'; manki (to be ...
... is the set of words within the Turkish language. The language widely uses agglutination and suffixes to form ... There are also borrowings from other European languages, or from the common technical vocabulary of Europe. In the latter case ... Thus educated Turks had available for their use the vocabularies of three languages: Turkish, Arabic, and Persian. When the ... Besides native Turkic words, Turkish vocabulary is rich in loanwords from Arabic, Persian, French and other languages. This ...
... is the vocabulary of Levantine Arabic, the variety of Arabic spoken in the Levant. The lexicon of ... Wikibooks has a book on the topic of: Levantine Arabic For a list of words relating to Levantine Arabic vocabulary, see the ... For a list of words relating to Levantine Arabic vocabulary, see the South Levantine Arabic language category of words in ...
This article contains information about Illyrian vocabulary. No Illyrian texts survive, so sources for identifying Illyrian ...
Interlingua's vocabulary is established using a group of control languages selected as they radiate words into, and absorb ... International scientific vocabulary (ISV) comprises scientific and specialized words whose language of origin may or may not be ... This procedure is meant to give Interlingua the most generally international vocabulary possible. This is a list of scientific ... "International scientific vocabulary." Webster's Third New International Dictionary, Unabridged. Merriam-Webster, 2002. Accessed ...
The National Vocabulary Championship (NVC) was the first-ever U.S.-wide vocabulary competition for high school students created ... The host of the National Vocabulary Championship was GSN host Dylan Lane. The NVC was discontinued after the 2007-2008 academic ... The NVC aimed to inspire students to expand their vocabularies and narrow the achievement gap. The program offered free ... 40,000 toward college tuition in the form of a 529 plan and to be crowned the National Vocabulary Champion. ...
As a historical colony of the United States, the Philippine English lexicon shares most of its vocabulary from American English ... Where British and American English vocabulary differs, in different circumstances Philippine English favors: A usage which is ...
Vocabulary Coordination System). Contributors to the Getty Vocabularies and implementers of the licensed vocabulary data may ... The Getty vocabularies are available in MARC format for easy mapping. The Getty Vocabulary Program has been active within the ... Second, the Vocabularies on the Web project produced unified Web-based access to the three Getty vocabularies and made them ... Final editorial control of the Vocabularies are maintained by the Getty Vocabulary Program, using well-established editorial ...
CPV codification consists of a main vocabulary which defines the subject of the contract, and a supplementary vocabulary to add ... The main vocabulary is based on a tree structure made up with codes of up to 9 digits (an 8 digit code plus a check digit). ... The Common Procurement Vocabulary (CPV) has been developed by the European Union to facilitate the processing of invitation to ... Main Vocabulary classification structure The numerical code consists of 8 digits, subdivided into: Divisions: first two digits ...
The International Electrotechnical Vocabulary (IEV) serves to promote the global unification of terminology in the field of ... The IEV entries are categorised in 9 classes, which group the vocabulary into several subject areas. The names of the classes ... "IEC 60050 - International Electrotechnical Vocabulary - Welcome". Archived from the original on 2015-04-27. ... is currently considering whether there is interest in the IEC community to evolve the vocabulary towards an electrotechnology ...
Chadwick, John; Baumbach, Lydia (1963). "The Mycenaean Greek Vocabulary". Glotta. 41 (3/4): 157-271. JSTOR 40265918. Lewis & ... the standard reference for Indo-European vocabulary. Complete coverage of cognates of each root (although Hittite and Tocharian ...
PHIN Vocabulary Standards is a key component in supporting the development and deployment of standards-based public health ... PHIN Vocabulary Services seeks to promote the use of standards-based vocabulary within PHIN systems and foster the use and ... PHIN Vocabulary Access and Distribution System (PHIN VADS). PHIN VADS is a web-based enterprise vocabulary system for accessing ... The use of PHIN Vocabulary Standards ensures that vocabularies are aligned with PHIN standards and with appropriate industry ...
Learn some Day of the Dead vocabulary with this quick word-matching worksheet. ... Learn some Day of the Dead vocabulary with this quick matching worksheet. For an extra challenge, go to the library or use the ...
ASL vocabulary review for signed word: on in American Sign Language video dictionary. ... Vocabulary review for: on. Meaning: Used as a function word to indicate position in contact with and supported by the top ...
What are structured vocabularies?. Structured vocabularies are collections of terms, organized according to a methodology in ... The vocabularies are used as a kind of filter between the language used by the author and the terminology of the area and may ... What are structured vocabularies?. Why should we use them?. Who uses them?. How are they used? ... The structured vocabularies function also as maps that guide users towards the information. With the expansion of Internet, and ...
Use the word magnets to manipulate the President George Bush vocabulary words in alphabetical order: Clinton, Milton, NAFTA, ... President George Bush Vocabulary - Cloze Worksheets Cloze Worksheet. Cloze Answer Sheet President George Bush Vocabulary - ... President George Bush Vocabulary - Word Jumble Worksheets Word Jumble Worksheet # 1 Word Jumble Answer Sheet # 1 ... George Bush Vocabulary Words - Arrange the Words in Alphabetical Order President George Bush Manipulatives for Smart Board ...
... Many different types of biomedical vocabularies are included in the Metathesaurus. There are many different ... Some vocabularies fall into more than one category. Major categories include:. * Diagnosis *Logical Observation Identifier ... This graph shows the percentage of different vocabulary categories represented in the Metathesaurus. ...
Whether youre a teacher or a learner, can put you or your class on the path to systematic vocabulary ... Close your vocabulary gaps with personalized learning that focuses on teaching the words you need to know. ... Copyright © 2023, Inc., a division of IXL Learning • All Rights Reserved. ... Copyright © 2023, Inc., a division of IXL Learning • All Rights Reserved. ...
Colorín Colorado is a national multimedia project that offers a wealth of bilingual, research-based information, activities, and advice for educators and families of English language learners (ELLs). Colorín Colorado is an educational service of WETA, the flagship public broadcasting station in the nations capital, and receives major funding from the American Federation of Teachers and National Education Association. © Copyright 2019 WETA Public Broadcasting.. Artwork by Caldecott Award-winning illustrator David Diaz and Pura Belpr-é Award-winning illustrator Rafael López is used with permission. Homepage illustrations ©2009 by Rafael López originally appeared in Book Fiesta by Pat Mora and used with permission from HarperCollins. ...
Study free Stadlier Oxford Voca flashcards about vocabulary unit 3 created by 854019 to improve your grades. Matching game, ...
This activity was created by a Quia Web subscriber ... .header { position: absolute; width: ...
3. Recommended Vocabularies. Many other vocabularies exist and contain domain useful terms. Using other vocabularies is ... RDF Schema vocabulary [RDF Vocabulary]. 1.3 Note about Examples. The examples below are presented in the Turtle [Turtle] format ... RDF Vocabulary]. RDF Vocabulary Description Language 1.0: RDF Schema, Dan Brickley and R.V. Guha, Editors. W3C Recommendation, ... Sample Vocabularies. DCMI Types Vocabulary. A high level vocabularly, useful for assigning resources into broad categories. ...
Go with the flow and get up to date on the current hottest vocabulary words with these beach vocabulary words. ... Vocabulary At the Beach Vocabulary. Go with the flow and get up to date on the current hottest vocabulary words with these ...
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... announced V2.3 of the Industrial Internet Vocabulary Technical Report, one ... IIC IIoT Vocabulary Technical Report V2.3 and a list of IIC members who contributed can be found on the IIC website. ... The Industrial Internet Consortium® (IIC™) announced V2.3 of the Industrial Internet Vocabulary Technical Report, one of six ... "To keep current and useful, we update the Vocabulary Technical Report annually to ensure all stakeholders can communicate with ...
Explore the world of French vocabulary in a sound integrated guide. Touch or place your cursor over an object, word, or phrase ... Explore the world of French vocabulary in a sound integrated guide. Touch or place your cursor over an object, word, or phrase ... Prove your vocabulary mastery by completing challenges. ... Prove your vocabulary mastery by completing challenges. Learn ...
vocabulary. For each of the following sentences, identify the underlined word or word group by writing above it *ADV* for * ... Select the word from the vocabulary listed below that correctly completes the sentence. evacuated, volition, rendezvous, ...
Vocabulary for court trials and other legal proceedings from accuse to witness stand. ...
Environmental management - Vocabulary
When you are done, just click "Back" on your browser.. Should be a breeze, but if you have trouble check the bottom of this page. ...
Copy and paste your own wordlist or text to automatically generate a wordlist for vocabulary study tools, games, and quizzes ... If you have a text you want to analyze, you can select one of the two options: "top academic vocabulary words" or "top ...
English Vocabulary in Use: Advanced. Book with Answers and Enhanced eBook. Vocabulary Reference and Practice The words you need ...
Metadata vocabulary development practices informing Learning Resource Metadata Initiative process. ... 18. The next step, then, is to scan available RDF vocabularies to see whether the properties needed have already been declared ... 20. Aim for semantic alignment with existing vocabularies to ensure LRMI reflects consensus and protects investment in systems ... 6. Best Practices? Difficult to identify as metadata vocabulary/taxonomy/ontology projects vary greatly in scope, duration, ...
GEISHA Derived Physics Data Vocabularyby Jason Stockwell is licensed under a Creative Commons CC0 - Public domain 4.0 ... Viewing a version of dataset "GEISHA Derived Physics Data Vocabulary". Version name: 28Aug2020. This page provides information ... ... about a version of dataset "GEISHA Derived Physics Data Vocabulary" that was created. This version information can be used to ...
Im now trying to start some sort of petition to show publishers why organized vocabulary books should be made available to all ... I came across this site and is quiet helpful for students for building,tests and many more. Vocabulary Builder ... Vocabulary Developer PS Brief reasons in favour of the availability of organized vocabulary books ... Such an organized vocabulary book aims to * help to prevent "new words" from falling down a "forgetting curve" * add to the ...
The Getty Vocabularies contain structured terminology for art, architecture, decorative arts, and material culture. ... To search the Vocabularies, click on the links below. Explore options for contributing or obtaining the Getty Vocabularies data ... Thus they are not simple value vocabularies; they are also rich knowledge bases in themselves. Although each Vocabulary ... Catherine wheel or rose window? Mona Lisa or La Gioconda? Gaochang or Qara-Hoja? The Getty Vocabularies contain structured ...
Two vocabularies. Bert Bos , Posted on: October 1, 2019. The Data Privacy Vocabularies and Controls Community Group published ... Data Privacy Vocabularies and Controls Community Group. The mission of the W3C Data Privacy Vocabularies and Controls CG (DPVCG ... Data Privacy Vocabulary (DPV). The DPV is a vocabulary (terms) and an ontology (relationships) serialised using semantic-web ... The Data Privacy Vocabularies and Controls Community Group has been launched:. The mission of the W3C Data Privacy Vocabularies ...
This basic vocabulary in Czech will help you when you need a form of transport in this country. ... Transportation vocabulary in Czech. Taking a taxi in Prague or a train in Ostrava are two typical situations when we move ... This basic vocabulary in Czech will help you when you need a form of transport in this country. ...
organizations abandon vocabularies for lack of funding or when the vocabularies cannot. make the transition between print and ... Vocabulary Management About the work As interest in the new environment for sharing bibliographic information grows, questions ... and management of monolingual controlled vocabularies. It focuses on controlled vocabularies that are used for the ... ANSI/NISO Z39.19-2005 (R2010) Guidelines for the Construction, Format, and Management of Monolingual Controlled Vocabularies ...
  • The trilingual and structured vocabulary DeCS - Health Sciences Descriptors - was created by BIREME to serve as a unique language in indexing articles from scientific journals, books, congress proceedings, technical reports, and other types of materials, as well as for searching and retrieving subjects from scientific literature from information sources available on the Virtual Health Library (VHL) such as LILACS, MEDLINE, and others. (
  • DeCS is a dynamic vocabulary totaling 30,895 descriptors, of which 26,225 come from MeSH, and 4670 are exclusively DeCS. (
  • To search the Vocabularies, click on the links below. (
  • It is also the default vocabulary object on the PHIN VADS Search page. (
  • The Vocabulary of Terms in Psychology founded in 1974, allows an efficient search of documents in the area and uses only one form of indexing. (
  • The vocabulary is used as a kind of filter between the language used by the author and the field terminology, and can also be considered a search assistant, since it helps users refine, expand, or enrich their search by providing more objective results. (
  • Many of the new words are verbs and adjectives, which gradually come to assume a larger proportion of the child's vocabulary. (
  • Take the time to share new words and build your child's vocabulary. (
  • Metadata vocabulary development practices informing Learning Resource Metadata Initiative process. (
  • CDWA advises which fields and categories in art metadata are appropriate for the use of vocabularies. (
  • Using standardised sets of terms (otherwise known as 'controlled vocabularies') in metadata and to label data solves the problem of ambiguities associated with data markup and also enables records to be interpreted by computers. (
  • A guiding principle is to reuse existing vocabularies when possible for terms which are not specific and fundamental to the ORE model. (
  • How can I reuse COAR vocabularies? (
  • Hi, I'm now trying to start some sort of petition to show publishers why organized vocabulary books should be made available to all language learners - in order to help them independently improve their skills outside the classroom. (
  • The mechanics of vocabulary learning are still something of a mystery, but one thing we can be sure of is that words are not instantaneously acquired, at least not for adult second language learners. (
  • Sorry" to give you this sort of vocabulary, but it may be very useful and learners generally like and remember it easily! (
  • The Effect of a Self-regulated Vocabulary Intervention on Word Knowledge, Reading Comprehension, and Self-regulated Learning for Elementary English Language Learners (Unpublished doctoral dissertation). (
  • In addition, the vocabulary includes the definition of parties and of a product offer (a product offered by a party for a price). (
  • The use of a structured vocabulary allows the researcher to retrieve the information with the exact term used to describe the content of that scientific document. (
  • It focuses on controlled vocabularies that are used for the representation of content objects in knowledge organization systems including lists, synonym rings, taxonomies, and thesauri. (
  • Yet, if there is little published about the other species, there is little purpose or advantage in creating a myriad of new descriptors in a vocabulary designed to describe the subject content of published literature. (
  • Close your vocabulary gaps with personalized learning that focuses on teaching the words you need to know. (
  • Go with the flow and get up to date on the current hottest vocabulary words with these beach vocabulary words. (
  • If you have a text you want to analyze , you can select one of the two options: "top academic vocabulary words" or "top challenge words" in Wordlist Maker settings. (
  • The process of learning the words of a language is referred to as vocabulary acquisition. (
  • At some point, most children manifest a vocabulary spurt , where the rate of acquisition of new words increases suddenly and markedly. (
  • If vocabulary acquisition is largely sequential in nature, it would appear possible to identify that sequence and to ensure that children at a given vocabulary level have an opportunity to encounter words they are likely to be learning next, within a context that uses the majority of the words that they have already learned. (
  • or an adult introducing literacy terms (e.g., sentence, word ), as children engage in play with literacy tools, the likelihood that vocabulary will 'stick' is heightened when children's engagement and motivation for learning new words is high. (
  • Embedding new words in activities that children want to do recreates the conditions by which vocabulary learning takes place in the crib. (
  • Ensure students know the vocabulary words they're likely to encounter across all academic subjects-words like structure , occurrence , and infe rence --which can give them a boost in quickly mastering new topics and subjects! (
  • We've compiled the 2000 Most Common Words in Japanese, a list of terms that will expand your vocabulary to levels previously unseen. (
  • They then compared the word count of these songs by their unique word use, the total number of words used and how often they used a new word to find the artist with the widest vocabulary. (
  • Welcome to American English Vocabulary: Dolch Sight Words - Lesson 8. (
  • This book delineates and presents the much complicated vocabulary, word meanings, and 'words often confused and misused' in simple terms. (
  • Enhance your vocabulary only apprises you of all the possible words and word meanings in English language but also makes you aware of the intricacies of the language. (
  • Click on the image below to try your hand at a quiz on twenty common SAT vocabulary words. (
  • Webber Wordy Wheels - Vocabulary to reinforce Categories, Associations, Synonyms and Antonyms, Comparing and Contrasting, and Describing with vibrant photos in a unique and fun game format. (
  • Structured vocabularies are collections of terms, organized according to a methodology in which it is possible to specify the relation between concepts with the purpose of facilitating the access to information. (
  • With the expansion of Internet, and the number of potential points of access to information growing exponentially, the vocabularies can be useful in providing consistent terms that will allows the user to select the information he needs from an enormous quantity of data. (
  • This document describes a glossary of terms and the vocabularies needed to describe items of interest and express the relationships between them within the OAI-ORE context. (
  • These recommended vocabularies are described in Section 3 along with examples of how the terms can be used within the ORE context. (
  • In particular, implementers using or intending to use an RDF based serialization will find this document a single point of reference for all of the most common vocabulary terms used. (
  • The IIC will continue to revise the IIC IIoT Vocabulary Technical Report with definitions for new IIoT terms. (
  • The GS1 Web Vocabulary collects terms defined in various GS1 standards and data systems and made available for general use following Linked Data principles. (
  • The NERC Vocabulary Server gives data managers the means to access lists of controlled terms to describe data, thus saving the time and costs associated with unraveling the meaning of a given data set. (
  • The NERC Vocabulary Server provides access to lists of standardised terms that cover a broad spectrum of disciplines of relevance to the oceanographic and wider community. (
  • In such cases, controlled vocabularies can be used as a medium to which data centres can map their equivalent terms. (
  • The Astronautics Vocabulary is a glossary of terms that pertain to the science and technology of spaceflight. (
  • Community best practice recommendations may be integrated into this document in the future, however at the present it contains only the vocabulary needed for a full mapping of the Atom serialisation and aspects which are considered important across all domains. (
  • is a free website that is great for vocabulary development and practice. (
  • The system is speedy, so it's a fairly efficient way to practice vocabulary, especially if you've customized a list. (
  • Explore the world of French vocabulary in a sound integrated guide. (
  • The Daily academic Vocabulary, Grade 6 Student Workbook (so ld-separately) is a convenient option which only includes th e student pages (no answer key) and is NOT reproducible. (
  • I'm the author/artist and I want to review Daily Academic Vocabulary, Grade 6 . (
  • Academic vocabulary knowledge, due to its frequent use in academic texts, contributes significantly to ELL children's English language development, reading comprehension, and general academic achievement. (
  • She is co-author of Primary Activity Box , Primary Vocabulary Box , Primary Grammar Box , Primary Pronunciation Box , Primary Communication Box and Primary Reading Box for Cambridge University Press. (
  • To address the inconsistent vocabulary and confusion, this article proposes a concise taxonomy for classifying assistance animals. (
  • This taxonomy provides a clear vocabulary for use by consumers, professionals working in the field, researchers, policy makers, and regulatory agencies. (
  • In: The Routledge Handbook of Vocabulary Studies. (
  • Code systems are often referred to as terminologies, vocabularies, or coding schemes. (
  • Working with Standard Development Organization (SDOs) terminology experts and other subject matter experts, PHIN Services actively participates in the development and identification of vocabularies important to the public health arena. (
  • The vocabularies are used as a kind of filter between the language used by the author and the terminology of the area and may also be considered as research assistants by helping the user to refine, expand or enrich his searches providing him with more objective results. (
  • Select the word from the vocabulary listed below that correctly completes the sentence. (
  • My Vocabulary Notebook is a notebook tool that you could build your own word list and help you learning the language. (
  • Over the next few days and weeks, take advantage of opportunities to use each new vocabulary word in conversation. (
  • This study examined the effect of a researcher-led self-regulated vocabulary intervention on word knowledge, reading comprehension, and self-regulated learning in social studies for upper elementary ELLs. (
  • This is why I periodically spot-check my vocabulary to make sure I'm using exactly the right word! (
  • IIC IIoT Vocabulary Technical Report V2.3 and a list of IIC members who contributed can be found on the IIC website . (
  • Use this vocabulary list with the "Life on the Prairie" lesson. (
  • PHIN Vocabulary Services strives to enable the consistent and accurate representation of information by encouraging and supporting the use of Vocabulary Standards to promote semantic interoperability among public health systems. (
  • Expand vocabulary and semantic language skills with Webber Wordy Wheels Vocabulary. (
  • Encourage students to expand their vocabulary and semantic language skills with Webber Wordy Wheels - Vocabulary . (
  • The purpose of this document is to describe the concepts used within the OAI-ORE context and to specify the technical vocabularies needed to consistently implement these concepts in a machine-understandable fashion. (
  • Whether you're a teacher or a learner, can put you or your class on the path to systematic vocabulary improvement. (
  • Links to WS from an increasing number of websites, including many university departments specialising in vocabulary acquisition and learner independence. (
  • PHIN VADS is a web-based enterprise vocabulary system for accessing, searching, and distributing vocabularies used within the PHIN. (
  • All Vocabulary is the superset of the data contained within PHIN VADS. (
  • PHIN Vocabulary Groups are used mainly for indexing the value sets in PHIN VADS. (
  • As discussed below, the ways in which young children acquire the vocabulary of a native language differ from the ways in which older children and adults acquire the vocabulary of a second language. (
  • Therefore, in this book we have compiled 20 easy-to-follow, compelling, and fun stories that will allow you to expand your vocabulary and give you the tools to improve your grasp of the wonderful Japanese language. (
  • How does vocabulary fit into theories of second language learning? (
  • Receptive vocabulary (evaluated via Peabody Picture Vocabulary Test - PPVT) and expressive vocabulary (assessed via Rescorla's Language Development Survey - LDS) were analyzed as a function of age, having intelligence level as covariant (assessed via Columbia Mental Maturity Scale). (
  • Language-in-Use: practical dance vocabularies and knowing. (
  • Dive into the research topics of 'Language-in-Use: practical dance vocabularies and knowing. (
  • Learn some Day of the Dead vocabulary with this quick matching worksheet. (
  • This incremental nature of vocabulary acquisition manifests itself in a number of ways. (
  • English exercise "Vocabulary: housecleaning" created by here4u with The test builder . (
  • however, the Getty Vocabularies are unique in their global coverage of the defined domain, in citing published sources and contributors, in allowing interconnections among historical and current information, in accommodating the sometimes debated and ambiguous nature of art historical information, and in allowing complex relationships within and between Vocabularies. (
  • It is designed as an extension to and, where relevant, mappings and relationships arising from that vocabulary are made explicit. (
  • The GS1 Web Vocabulary includes the link types used in GS1 Digital Link to annotate links to related resources, such as product information pages, instruction manuals, related videos, certification information, brand owner APIs, traceability information and more. (
  • Structured vocabularies are used for indexing documents, creating data bases, creating subject indexes, creating knowledge bases for artificial intelligence interfaces, as well as helping tools for the retrieval of information, etc. (
  • However, a gap of vocabulary knowledge exists between ELLs and their mainstream peers. (
  • Explore options for contributing or obtaining the Getty Vocabularies data by clicking on links in the left navigation bar. (
  • GEISHA Derived Physics Data Vocabulary by Jason Stockwell is licensed under a Creative Commons CC0 - Public domain 4.0 International License . (
  • This page provides information about a version of dataset "GEISHA Derived Physics Data Vocabulary" that was created. (
  • Although each Vocabulary requires a small set of minimum data, the data model allows for rich data that may be exploited for research and discovery. (
  • An example of how computers may benefit from the use of controlled vocabularies is in the summing of values taken from different data sets. (
  • PHIN Vocabulary Standards is a key component in supporting the development and deployment of standards-based public health information systems. (
  • The efficacy of early detection may be increased by the use of standardized instruments to assess different components of speech development, such as receptive vocabulary and expressive vocabulary. (
  • For concepts not described in this document or other existing vocabularies, domain specific vocabularies should be created and maintained by their respective communities. (
  • The Internet of Things is evolving, and our understanding of IoT concepts is evolving as well," said Erin Bournival, Co-Chair of the IIC Vocabulary Task Group and Distinguished Engineer, Office of the Corporate CTO at Dell Technologies. (
  • A code system is a collection of concepts from a vocabulary standard (e.g. (
  • The Industrial Internet Consortium ® (IIC™) announced V2.3 of the Industrial Internet Vocabulary Technical Report , one of six IIC technical reports that serve as de-facto industry guidelines on vocabulary, architectures, security, analytics, connectivity, and business strategy. (
  • In NVS2.0, concept collections are synonymous with controlled vocabularies or code lists. (
  • A code system concept is a vocabulary standard's code and description for a concept as used in a codes system (e.g. (

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