Microbial Sensitivity Tests: Any tests that demonstrate the relative efficacy of different chemotherapeutic agents against specific microorganisms (i.e., bacteria, fungi, viruses).Anti-Bacterial Agents: Substances that reduce the growth or reproduction of BACTERIA.Gram-Positive Bacteria: Bacteria which retain the crystal violet stain when treated by Gram's method.Bacteria: One of the three domains of life (the others being Eukarya and ARCHAEA), also called Eubacteria. They are unicellular prokaryotic microorganisms which generally possess rigid cell walls, multiply by cell division, and exhibit three principal forms: round or coccal, rodlike or bacillary, and spiral or spirochetal. Bacteria can be classified by their response to OXYGEN: aerobic, anaerobic, or facultatively anaerobic; by the mode by which they obtain their energy: chemotrophy (via chemical reaction) or PHOTOTROPHY (via light reaction); for chemotrophs by their source of chemical energy: CHEMOLITHOTROPHY (from inorganic compounds) or chemoorganotrophy (from organic compounds); and by their source for CARBON; NITROGEN; etc.; HETEROTROPHY (from organic sources) or AUTOTROPHY (from CARBON DIOXIDE). They can also be classified by whether or not they stain (based on the structure of their CELL WALLS) with CRYSTAL VIOLET dye: gram-negative or gram-positive.Gram-Negative Bacteria: Bacteria which lose crystal violet stain but are stained pink when treated by Gram's method.Cephalosporins: A group of broad-spectrum antibiotics first isolated from the Mediterranean fungus ACREMONIUM. They contain the beta-lactam moiety thia-azabicyclo-octenecarboxylic acid also called 7-aminocephalosporanic acid.Anti-Infective Agents: Substances that prevent infectious agents or organisms from spreading or kill infectious agents in order to prevent the spread of infection.Lactams: Cyclic AMIDES formed from aminocarboxylic acids by the elimination of water. Lactims are the enol forms of lactams.Cephalexin: A semisynthetic cephalosporin antibiotic with antimicrobial activity similar to that of CEPHALORIDINE or CEPHALOTHIN, but somewhat less potent. It is effective against both gram-positive and gram-negative organisms.Quinolones: A group of derivatives of naphthyridine carboxylic acid, quinoline carboxylic acid, or NALIDIXIC ACID.Cefmenoxime: A cephalosporin antibiotic that is administered intravenously or intramuscularly. It is active against most common gram-positive and gram-negative microorganisms, is a potent inhibitor of Enterobacteriaceae, and is highly resistant to hydrolysis by beta-lactamases. The drug has a high rate of efficacy in many types of infection and to date no severe side effects have been noted.Fluoroquinolones: A group of QUINOLONES with at least one fluorine atom and a piperazinyl group.Cefotiam: One of the CEPHALOSPORINS that has a broad spectrum of activity against both gram-positive and gram-negative microorganisms.Norfloxacin: A synthetic fluoroquinolone (FLUOROQUINOLONES) with broad-spectrum antibacterial activity against most gram-negative and gram-positive bacteria. Norfloxacin inhibits bacterial DNA GYRASE.Staphylococcus aureus: Potentially pathogenic bacteria found in nasal membranes, skin, hair follicles, and perineum of warm-blooded animals. They may cause a wide range of infections and intoxications.Cephalothin: A cephalosporin antibiotic.Drug Resistance, Microbial: The ability of microorganisms, especially bacteria, to resist or to become tolerant to chemotherapeutic agents, antimicrobial agents, or antibiotics. This resistance may be acquired through gene mutation or foreign DNA in transmissible plasmids (R FACTORS).NaphthyridinesBacterial Infections: Infections by bacteria, general or unspecified.Dipeptidases: EXOPEPTIDASES that specifically act on dipeptides. EC 3.4.13.Cephaloridine: A cephalosporin antibiotic.Pseudomonas aeruginosa: A species of gram-negative, aerobic, rod-shaped bacteria commonly isolated from clinical specimens (wound, burn, and urinary tract infections). It is also found widely distributed in soil and water. P. aeruginosa is a major agent of nosocomial infection.Enterobacteriaceae: A family of gram-negative, facultatively anaerobic, rod-shaped bacteria that do not form endospores. Its organisms are distributed worldwide with some being saprophytes and others being plant and animal parasites. Many species are of considerable economic importance due to their pathogenic effects on agriculture and livestock.Cefotaxime: Semisynthetic broad-spectrum cephalosporin.beta-Lactams: Four-membered cyclic AMIDES, best known for the PENICILLINS based on a bicyclo-thiazolidine, as well as the CEPHALOSPORINS based on a bicyclo-thiazine, and including monocyclic MONOBACTAMS. The BETA-LACTAMASES hydrolyze the beta lactam ring, accounting for BETA-LACTAM RESISTANCE of infective bacteria.Structure-Activity Relationship: The relationship between the chemical structure of a compound and its biological or pharmacological activity. Compounds are often classed together because they have structural characteristics in common including shape, size, stereochemical arrangement, and distribution of functional groups.Drug Stability: The chemical and physical integrity of a pharmaceutical product.CephalosporinasePlant Extracts: Concentrated pharmaceutical preparations of plants obtained by removing active constituents with a suitable solvent, which is evaporated away, and adjusting the residue to a prescribed standard.Thienamycins: Beta-lactam antibiotics that differ from PENICILLINS in having the thiazolidine sulfur atom replaced by carbon, the sulfur then becoming the first atom in the side chain. They are unstable chemically, but have a very broad antibacterial spectrum. Thienamycin and its more stable derivatives are proposed for use in combinations with enzyme inhibitors.Ceftazidime: Semisynthetic, broad-spectrum antibacterial derived from CEPHALORIDINE and used especially for Pseudomonas and other gram-negative infections in debilitated patients.Proteus: A genus of gram-negative, facultatively anaerobic, rod-shaped bacteria that occurs in the intestines of humans and a wide variety of animals, as well as in manure, soil, and polluted waters. Its species are pathogenic, causing urinary tract infections and are also considered secondary invaders, causing septic lesions at other sites of the body.Molecular Structure: The location of the atoms, groups or ions relative to one another in a molecule, as well as the number, type and location of covalent bonds.Staphylococcus: A genus of gram-positive, facultatively anaerobic, coccoid bacteria. Its organisms occur singly, in pairs, and in tetrads and characteristically divide in more than one plane to form irregular clusters. Natural populations of Staphylococcus are found on the skin and mucous membranes of warm-blooded animals. Some species are opportunistic pathogens of humans and animals.beta-Lactamases: Enzymes found in many bacteria which catalyze the hydrolysis of the amide bond in the beta-lactam ring. Well known antibiotics destroyed by these enzymes are penicillins and cephalosporins.Thiamphenicol: A methylsulfonyl analog of CHLORAMPHENICOL. It is an antibiotic and immunosuppressive agent.Imipenem: Semisynthetic thienamycin that has a wide spectrum of antibacterial activity against gram-negative and gram-positive aerobic and anaerobic bacteria, including many multiresistant strains. It is stable to beta-lactamases. Clinical studies have demonstrated high efficacy in the treatment of infections of various body systems. Its effectiveness is enhanced when it is administered in combination with CILASTATIN, a renal dipeptidase inhibitor.Erythromycin: A bacteriostatic antibiotic macrolide produced by Streptomyces erythreus. Erythromycin A is considered its major active component. In sensitive organisms, it inhibits protein synthesis by binding to 50S ribosomal subunits. This binding process inhibits peptidyl transferase activity and interferes with translocation of amino acids during translation and assembly of proteins.Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy: Spectroscopic method of measuring the magnetic moment of elementary particles such as atomic nuclei, protons or electrons. It is employed in clinical applications such as NMR Tomography (MAGNETIC RESONANCE IMAGING).Gentamicins: A complex of closely related aminoglycosides obtained from MICROMONOSPORA purpurea and related species. They are broad-spectrum antibiotics, but may cause ear and kidney damage. They act to inhibit PROTEIN BIOSYNTHESIS.Ciprofloxacin: A broad-spectrum antimicrobial carboxyfluoroquinoline.Chemistry: A basic science concerned with the composition, structure, and properties of matter; and the reactions that occur between substances and the associated energy exchange.Carbapenems: A group of beta-lactam antibiotics in which the sulfur atom in the thiazolidine ring of the penicillin molecule is replaced by a carbon atom. THIENAMYCINS are a subgroup of carbapenems which have a sulfur atom as the first constituent of the side chain.Topoisomerase II Inhibitors: Compounds that inhibit the activity of DNA TOPOISOMERASE II. Included in this category are a variety of ANTINEOPLASTIC AGENTS which target the eukaryotic form of topoisomerase II and ANTIBACTERIAL AGENTS which target the prokaryotic form of topoisomerase II.Chemical Phenomena: The composition, conformation, and properties of atoms and molecules, and their reaction and interaction processes.Escherichia coli: A species of gram-negative, facultatively anaerobic, rod-shaped bacteria (GRAM-NEGATIVE FACULTATIVELY ANAEROBIC RODS) commonly found in the lower part of the intestine of warm-blooded animals. It is usually nonpathogenic, but some strains are known to produce DIARRHEA and pyogenic infections. Pathogenic strains (virotypes) are classified by their specific pathogenic mechanisms such as toxins (ENTEROTOXIGENIC ESCHERICHIA COLI), etc.Ampicillin: Semi-synthetic derivative of penicillin that functions as an orally active broad-spectrum antibiotic.Aminoglycosides: Glycosylated compounds in which there is an amino substituent on the glycoside. Some of them are clinically important ANTIBIOTICS.Culture Media: Any liquid or solid preparation made specifically for the growth, storage, or transport of microorganisms or other types of cells. The variety of media that exist allow for the culturing of specific microorganisms and cell types, such as differential media, selective media, test media, and defined media. Solid media consist of liquid media that have been solidified with an agent such as AGAR or GELATIN.Drug Resistance, Bacterial: The ability of bacteria to resist or to become tolerant to chemotherapeutic agents, antimicrobial agents, or antibiotics. This resistance may be acquired through gene mutation or foreign DNA in transmissible plasmids (R FACTORS).Streptococcus: A genus of gram-positive, coccoid bacteria whose organisms occur in pairs or chains. No endospores are produced. Many species exist as commensals or parasites on man or animals with some being highly pathogenic. A few species are saprophytes and occur in the natural environment.Malvaceae: The mallow family of the order Malvales, subclass Dilleniidae, class Magnoliopsida. Members include GOSSYPIUM, okra (ABELMOSCHUS), HIBISCUS, and CACAO. The common names of hollyhock and mallow are used for several genera of Malvaceae.Microbial Viability: Ability of a microbe to survive under given conditions. This can also be related to a colony's ability to replicate.Leucomycins: An antibiotic complex produced by Streptomyces kitasatoensis. The complex consists of a mixture of at least eight biologically active components, A1 and A3 to A9. Leucomycins have both antibacterial and antimycoplasmal activities.DioxolanesAntimicrobial Cationic Peptides: Small cationic peptides that are an important component, in most species, of early innate and induced defenses against invading microbes. In animals they are found on mucosal surfaces, within phagocytic granules, and on the surface of the body. They are also found in insects and plants. Among others, this group includes the DEFENSINS, protegrins, tachyplesins, and thionins. They displace DIVALENT CATIONS from phosphate groups of MEMBRANE LIPIDS leading to disruption of the membrane.Eugenia: A genus in the family Myrtaceae sometimes known as "stoppers" in FOLK MEDICINE. Many species of the genus SYZYGIUM have synonymous names that begin with the Eugenia genus name.Enoxacin: A broad-spectrum 6-fluoronaphthyridinone antibacterial agent that is structurally related to NALIDIXIC ACID.Salicylanilides: 2-Hydroxy-N-phenylbenzamides. N-phenyl substituted salicylamides. Derivatives have been used as fungicides, anti-mildew agents and topical antifungal agents. In concentrated form may cause irritation of skin and mucous membranes.Spectrophotometry, Infrared: Spectrophotometry in the infrared region, usually for the purpose of chemical analysis through measurement of absorption spectra associated with rotational and vibrational energy levels of molecules. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)Silver: Silver. An element with the atomic symbol Ag, atomic number 47, and atomic weight 107.87. It is a soft metal that is used medically in surgical instruments, dental prostheses, and alloys. Long-continued use of silver salts can lead to a form of poisoning known as ARGYRIA.Ofloxacin: A synthetic fluoroquinolone antibacterial agent that inhibits the supercoiling activity of bacterial DNA GYRASE, halting DNA REPLICATION.Nalidixic Acid: A synthetic 1,8-naphthyridine antimicrobial agent with a limited bacteriocidal spectrum. It is an inhibitor of the A subunit of bacterial DNA GYRASE.Oils, Volatile: Oils which evaporate readily. The volatile oils occur in aromatic plants, to which they give odor and other characteristics. Most volatile oils consist of a mixture of two or more TERPENES or of a mixture of an eleoptene (the more volatile constituent of a volatile oil) with a stearopten (the more solid constituent). The synonym essential oils refers to the essence of a plant, as its perfume or scent, and not to its indispensability.Disk Diffusion Antimicrobial Tests: A method where a culturing surface inoculated with microbe is exposed to small disks containing known amounts of a chemical agent resulting in a zone of inhibition (usually in millimeters) of growth of the microbe corresponding to the susceptibility of the strain to the agent.Penicillins: A group of antibiotics that contain 6-aminopenicillanic acid with a side chain attached to the 6-amino group. The penicillin nucleus is the chief structural requirement for biological activity. The side-chain structure determines many of the antibacterial and pharmacological characteristics. (Goodman and Gilman's The Pharmacological Basis of Therapeutics, 8th ed, p1065)Muramoylpentapeptide Carboxypeptidase: Enzyme which catalyzes the peptide cross-linking of nascent CELL WALL; PEPTIDOGLYCAN.Cefoxitin: A semisynthetic cephamycin antibiotic resistant to beta-lactamase.Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus: A strain of Staphylococcus aureus that is non-susceptible to the action of METHICILLIN. The mechanism of resistance usually involves modification of normal or the presence of acquired PENICILLIN BINDING PROTEINS.Hexosyltransferases: Enzymes that catalyze the transfer of hexose groups. EC 2.4.1.-.Honey: A sweet viscous liquid food, produced in the honey sacs of various bees from nectar collected from flowers. The nectar is ripened into honey by inversion of its sucrose sugar into fructose and glucose. It is somewhat acidic and has mild antiseptic properties, being sometimes used in the treatment of burns and lacerations.Time Factors: Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.Spectinomycin: An antibiotic produced by Streptomyces spectabilis. It is active against gram-negative bacteria and used for the treatment of gonorrhea.Glycopeptides: Proteins which contain carbohydrate groups attached covalently to the polypeptide chain. The protein moiety is the predominant group with the carbohydrate making up only a small percentage of the total weight.Drug Synergism: The action of a drug in promoting or enhancing the effectiveness of another drug.Indicators and Reagents: Substances used for the detection, identification, analysis, etc. of chemical, biological, or pathologic processes or conditions. Indicators are substances that change in physical appearance, e.g., color, at or approaching the endpoint of a chemical titration, e.g., on the passage between acidity and alkalinity. Reagents are substances used for the detection or determination of another substance by chemical or microscopical means, especially analysis. Types of reagents are precipitants, solvents, oxidizers, reducers, fluxes, and colorimetric reagents. (From Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed, p301, p499)Proteus vulgaris: A species of gram-negative, facultatively anaerobic, rod-shaped bacteria that occurs in soil, fecal matter, and sewage. It is an opportunistic pathogen and causes cystitis and pyelonephritis.Oxazolidinones: Derivatives of oxazolidin-2-one. They represent an important class of synthetic antibiotic agents.Plant Components, Aerial: The above-ground plant without the roots.Coriandrum: A plant genus of the family APIACEAE. The leaves are the source of cilantro and the seeds are the source of coriander, both of which are used in SPICES.Defensins: Family of antimicrobial peptides that have been identified in humans, animals, and plants. They are thought to play a role in host defenses against infections, inflammation, wound repair, and acquired immunity.Haemophilus influenzae: A species of HAEMOPHILUS found on the mucous membranes of humans and a variety of animals. The species is further divided into biotypes I through VIII.Colony Count, Microbial: Enumeration by direct count of viable, isolated bacterial, archaeal, or fungal CELLS or SPORES capable of growth on solid CULTURE MEDIA. The method is used routinely by environmental microbiologists for quantifying organisms in AIR; FOOD; and WATER; by clinicians for measuring patients' microbial load; and in antimicrobial drug testing.Bacterial Proteins: Proteins found in any species of bacterium.Fungi: A kingdom of eukaryotic, heterotrophic organisms that live parasitically as saprobes, including MUSHROOMS; YEASTS; smuts, molds, etc. They reproduce either sexually or asexually, and have life cycles that range from simple to complex. Filamentous fungi, commonly known as molds, refer to those that grow as multicellular colonies.Drug Resistance, Multiple, Bacterial: The ability of bacteria to resist or to become tolerant to several structurally and functionally distinct drugs simultaneously. This resistance may be acquired through gene mutation or foreign DNA in transmissible plasmids (R FACTORS).Enterococcus faecalis: A species of gram-positive, coccoid bacteria commonly isolated from clinical specimens and the human intestinal tract. Most strains are nonhemolytic.Mice, Inbred ICRHemolysis: The destruction of ERYTHROCYTES by many different causal agents such as antibodies, bacteria, chemicals, temperature, and changes in tonicity.Blood Bactericidal Activity: The natural bactericidal property of BLOOD due to normally occurring antibacterial substances such as beta lysin, leukin, etc. This activity needs to be distinguished from the bactericidal activity contained in a patient's serum as a result of antimicrobial therapy, which is measured by a SERUM BACTERICIDAL TEST.Micrococcus luteus: A species of gram-positive, spherical bacteria whose organisms occur in tetrads and in irregular clusters of tetrads. The primary habitat is mammalian skin.Antibiosis: A natural association between organisms that is detrimental to at least one of them. This often refers to the production of chemicals by one microorganism that is harmful to another.Metal Nanoparticles: Nanoparticles produced from metals whose uses include biosensors, optics, and catalysts. In biomedical applications the particles frequently involve the noble metals, especially gold and silver.Anti-Infective Agents, Local: Substances used on humans and other animals that destroy harmful microorganisms or inhibit their activity. They are distinguished from DISINFECTANTS, which are used on inanimate objects.Nanocomposites: Nanometer-scale composite structures composed of organic molecules intimately incorporated with inorganic molecules. (Glossary of Biotechnology and Nanobiotechology Terms, 4th ed)Framycetin: A component of NEOMYCIN that is produced by Streptomyces fradiae. On hydrolysis it yields neamine and neobiosamine B. (From Merck Index, 11th ed)Plants, Medicinal: Plants whose roots, leaves, seeds, bark, or other constituent parts possess therapeutic, tonic, purgative, curative or other pharmacologic attributes, when administered to man or animals.Cathelicidins: Antimicrobial cationic peptides with a highly conserved amino terminal cathelin-like domain and a more variable carboxy terminal domain. They are initially synthesized as preproproteins and then cleaved. They are expressed in many tissues of humans and localized to EPITHELIAL CELLS. They kill nonviral pathogens by forming pores in membranes.Bacteriocins: Substances elaborated by specific strains of bacteria that are lethal against other strains of the same or related species. They are protein or lipopolysaccharide-protein complexes used in taxonomy studies of bacteria.Cephamycins: Naturally occurring family of beta-lactam cephalosporin-type antibiotics having a 7-methoxy group and possessing marked resistance to the action of beta-lactamases from gram-positive and gram-negative organisms.Gram-Positive Cocci: Coccus-shaped bacteria that retain the crystal violet stain when treated by Gram's method.4-Quinolones: QUINOLONES containing a 4-oxo (a carbonyl in the para position to the nitrogen). They inhibit the A subunit of DNA GYRASE and are used as antimicrobials. Second generation 4-quinolones are also substituted with a 1-piperazinyl group at the 7-position and a fluorine at the 6-position.NitrofuransMolecular Sequence Data: Descriptions of specific amino acid, carbohydrate, or nucleotide sequences which have appeared in the published literature and/or are deposited in and maintained by databanks such as GENBANK, European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), National Biomedical Research Foundation (NBRF), or other sequence repositories.Chlorhexidine: A disinfectant and topical anti-infective agent used also as mouthwash to prevent oral plaque.Silver Nitrate: A silver salt with powerful germicidal activity. It has been used topically to prevent OPHTHALMIA NEONATORUM.Amino Acid Sequence: The order of amino acids as they occur in a polypeptide chain. This is referred to as the primary structure of proteins. It is of fundamental importance in determining PROTEIN CONFORMATION.Streptomyces: A genus of bacteria that form a nonfragmented aerial mycelium. Many species have been identified with some being pathogenic. This genus is responsible for producing a majority of the ANTI-BACTERIAL AGENTS of practical value.Ceftizoxime: A semisynthetic cephalosporin antibiotic which can be administered intravenously or by suppository. The drug is highly resistant to a broad spectrum of beta-lactamases and is active against a wide range of both aerobic and anaerobic gram-positive and gram-negative organisms. It has few side effects and is reported to be safe and effective in aged patients and in patients with hematologic disorders.Insect Proteins: Proteins found in any species of insect.Peptidyl Transferases: Acyltransferases that use AMINO ACYL TRNA as the amino acid donor in formation of a peptide bond. There are ribosomal and non-ribosomal peptidyltransferases.Hemolymph: The blood/lymphlike nutrient fluid of some invertebrates.Fermentation: Anaerobic degradation of GLUCOSE or other organic nutrients to gain energy in the form of ATP. End products vary depending on organisms, substrates, and enzymatic pathways. Common fermentation products include ETHANOL and LACTIC ACID.Bacillus subtilis: A species of gram-positive bacteria that is a common soil and water saprophyte.Monoterpenes: Compounds with a core of 10 carbons generally formed via the mevalonate pathway from the combination of 3,3-dimethylallyl pyrophosphate and isopentenyl pyrophosphate. They are cyclized and oxidized in a variety of ways. Due to the low molecular weight many of them exist in the form of essential oils (OILS, VOLATILE).Peptides: Members of the class of compounds composed of AMINO ACIDS joined together by peptide bonds between adjacent amino acids into linear, branched or cyclical structures. OLIGOPEPTIDES are composed of approximately 2-12 amino acids. Polypeptides are composed of approximately 13 or more amino acids. PROTEINS are linear polypeptides that are normally synthesized on RIBOSOMES.Stereoisomerism: The phenomenon whereby compounds whose molecules have the same number and kind of atoms and the same atomic arrangement, but differ in their spatial relationships. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 5th ed)Staphylococcus epidermidis: A species of STAPHYLOCOCCUS that is a spherical, non-motile, gram-positive, chemoorganotrophic, facultative anaerobe. Mainly found on the skin and mucous membrane of warm-blooded animals, it can be primary pathogen or secondary invader.Streptococcus mutans: A polysaccharide-producing species of STREPTOCOCCUS isolated from human dental plaque.Cefazolin: A semisynthetic cephalosporin analog with broad-spectrum antibiotic action due to inhibition of bacterial cell wall synthesis. It attains high serum levels and is excreted quickly via the urine.Penicillin-Binding Proteins: Bacterial proteins that share the property of binding irreversibly to PENICILLINS and other ANTIBACTERIAL AGENTS derived from LACTAMS. The penicillin-binding proteins are primarily enzymes involved in CELL WALL biosynthesis including MURAMOYLPENTAPEPTIDE CARBOXYPEPTIDASE; PEPTIDE SYNTHASES; TRANSPEPTIDASES; and HEXOSYLTRANSFERASES.alpha-Defensins: DEFENSINS found in azurophilic granules of neutrophils and in the secretory granules of intestinal PANETH CELLS.Niridazole: An antischistosomal agent that has become obsolete.Bentonite: A colloidal, hydrated aluminum silicate that swells 12 times its dry size when added to water.Antifungal Agents: Substances that destroy fungi by suppressing their ability to grow or reproduce. They differ from FUNGICIDES, INDUSTRIAL because they defend against fungi present in human or animal tissues.Enterobacter: Gram-negative gas-producing rods found in feces of humans and other animals, sewage, soil, water, and dairy products.Plant Bark: The outer layer of the woody parts of plants.Tropolone: A seven-membered aromatic ring compound. It is structurally related to a number of naturally occurring antifungal compounds (ANTIFUNGAL AGENTS).Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid: Liquid chromatographic techniques which feature high inlet pressures, high sensitivity, and high speed.Tabernaemontana: A plant genus of the family APOCYNACEAE that contains bisindole alkaloids and IBOGAINE.Sarcina: A genus of gram-positive, anaerobic bacteria whose organisms divide in three perpendicular planes and occur in packets of eight or more cells. It has been isolated from soil, grains, and clinical specimens.Green Chemistry Technology: Pollution prevention through the design of effective chemical products that have low or no toxicity and use of chemical processes that reduce or eliminate the use and generation of hazardous substances.Monobactams: Monocyclic, bacterially produced or semisynthetic beta-lactam antibiotics. They lack the double ring construction of the traditional beta-lactam antibiotics and can be easily synthesized.Resins, Synthetic: Polymers of high molecular weight which at some stage are capable of being molded and then harden to form useful components.Klebsiella pneumoniae: Gram-negative, non-motile, capsulated, gas-producing rods found widely in nature and associated with urinary and respiratory infections in humans.Staphylococcal Infections: Infections with bacteria of the genus STAPHYLOCOCCUS.Chitosan: Deacetylated CHITIN, a linear polysaccharide of deacetylated beta-1,4-D-glucosamine. It is used in HYDROGEL and to treat WOUNDS.beta-Defensins: DEFENSINS found mainly in epithelial cells.Drug Design: The molecular designing of drugs for specific purposes (such as DNA-binding, enzyme inhibition, anti-cancer efficacy, etc.) based on knowledge of molecular properties such as activity of functional groups, molecular geometry, and electronic structure, and also on information cataloged on analogous molecules. Drug design is generally computer-assisted molecular modeling and does not include pharmacokinetics, dosage analysis, or drug administration analysis.Lactoferrin: An iron-binding protein that was originally characterized as a milk protein. It is widely distributed in secretory fluids and is found in the neutrophilic granules of LEUKOCYTES. The N-terminal part of lactoferrin possesses a serine protease which functions to inactivate the TYPE III SECRETION SYSTEM used by bacteria to export virulence proteins for host cell invasion.Oxolinic Acid: Synthetic antimicrobial related to NALIDIXIC ACID and used in URINARY TRACT INFECTIONS.Insect Hormones: Hormones secreted by insects. They influence their growth and development. Also synthetic substances that act like insect hormones.Streptococcus pneumoniae: A gram-positive organism found in the upper respiratory tract, inflammatory exudates, and various body fluids of normal and/or diseased humans and, rarely, domestic animals.Plant Leaves: Expanded structures, usually green, of vascular plants, characteristically consisting of a bladelike expansion attached to a stem, and functioning as the principal organ of photosynthesis and transpiration. (American Heritage Dictionary, 2d ed)Phenalenes: A group of AROMATIC HYDROCARBONS that have three rings joined as a triad around a single carbon atom so all three are conjoined, in contrast to a linear arrangement (ANTHRACENES) or angular arrangement (PHENANTHRENES).Moxalactam: Broad- spectrum beta-lactam antibiotic similar in structure to the CEPHALOSPORINS except for the substitution of an oxaazabicyclo moiety for the thiaazabicyclo moiety of certain CEPHALOSPORINS. It has been proposed especially for the meningitides because it passes the blood-brain barrier and for anaerobic infections.Mentha: Mentha is a genus of the mint family (LAMIACEAE). It is known for species having characteristic flavor and aroma.Achillea: A plant genus of the family ASTERACEAE that has long been used in folk medicine for treating wounds.PicratesAnnona: A plant genus of the family ANNONACEAE. It has edible fruit and seeds which contain acetogenins and benzoquinazoline and other alkaloids.Phytotherapy: Use of plants or herbs to treat diseases or to alleviate pain.Oxyquinoline: An antiseptic with mild fungistatic, bacteriostatic, anthelmintic, and amebicidal action. It is also used as a reagent and metal chelator, as a carrier for radio-indium for diagnostic purposes, and its halogenated derivatives are used in addition as topical anti-infective agents and oral antiamebics.Allium: A genus of the plant family Liliaceae (sometimes classified as Alliaceae) in the order Liliales. Many produce pungent, often bacteriostatic and physiologically active compounds and are used as VEGETABLES; CONDIMENTS; and medicament, the latter in traditional medicine.Spectrophotometry, Ultraviolet: Determination of the spectra of ultraviolet absorption by specific molecules in gases or liquids, for example Cl2, SO2, NO2, CS2, ozone, mercury vapor, and various unsaturated compounds. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)Enoyl-(Acyl-Carrier-Protein) Reductase (NADH): An NAD-dependent enzyme that catalyzes the oxidation of acyl-[acyl-carrier protein] to trans-2,3-dehydroacyl-[acyl-carrier protein]. It has a preference for acyl groups with a carbon chain length between 4 to 16.Klebsiella: A genus of gram-negative, facultatively anaerobic, rod-shaped bacteria whose organisms arrange singly, in pairs, or short chains. This genus is commonly found in the intestinal tract and is an opportunistic pathogen that can give rise to bacteremia, pneumonia, urinary tract and several other types of human infection.Trimethoprim: A pyrimidine inhibitor of dihydrofolate reductase, it is an antibacterial related to PYRIMETHAMINE. It is potentiated by SULFONAMIDES and the TRIMETHOPRIM, SULFAMETHOXAZOLE DRUG COMBINATION is the form most often used. It is sometimes used alone as an antimalarial. TRIMETHOPRIM RESISTANCE has been reported.Halogens: A family of nonmetallic, generally electronegative, elements that form group 17 (formerly group VIIa) of the periodic table.Anacardiaceae: The sumac plant family in the order Sapindales, subclass Rosidae, class Magnoliopsida. They are tropical and subtropical trees, shrubs, and woody vines that have resin ducts in the bark. The sap of many of the species is irritating to the skin.Plant Oils: Oils derived from plants or plant products.Drug Evaluation, Preclinical: Preclinical testing of drugs in experimental animals or in vitro for their biological and toxic effects and potential clinical applications.Cell Membrane Permeability: A quality of cell membranes which permits the passage of solvents and solutes into and out of cells.Psidium: A plant genus of the family MYRTACEAE that bears an edible fruit and contains guavin B and quercetin glycosides.Blood Proteins: Proteins that are present in blood serum, including SERUM ALBUMIN; BLOOD COAGULATION FACTORS; and many other types of proteins.Inhibitory Concentration 50: The concentration of a compound needed to reduce population growth of organisms, including eukaryotic cells, by 50% in vitro. Though often expressed to denote in vitro antibacterial activity, it is also used as a benchmark for cytotoxicity to eukaryotic cells in culture.Magainins: A class of antimicrobial peptides discovered in the skin of XENOPUS LAEVIS. They kill bacteria by permeabilizing cell membranes without exhibiting significant toxicity against mammalian cells.Streptococcus pyogenes: A species of gram-positive, coccoid bacteria isolated from skin lesions, blood, inflammatory exudates, and the upper respiratory tract of humans. It is a group A hemolytic Streptococcus that can cause SCARLET FEVER and RHEUMATIC FEVER.Hydrogen-Ion Concentration: The normality of a solution with respect to HYDROGEN ions; H+. It is related to acidity measurements in most cases by pH = log 1/2[1/(H+)], where (H+) is the hydrogen ion concentration in gram equivalents per liter of solution. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)Physicochemical Phenomena: The physical phenomena describing the structure and properties of atoms and molecules, and their reaction and interaction processes.Vancomycin: Antibacterial obtained from Streptomyces orientalis. It is a glycopeptide related to RISTOCETIN that inhibits bacterial cell wall assembly and is toxic to kidneys and the inner ear.Cephradine: A semi-synthetic cephalosporin antibiotic.Biofilms: Encrustations, formed from microbes (bacteria, algae, fungi, plankton, or protozoa) embedding in extracellular polymers, that adhere to surfaces such as teeth (DENTAL DEPOSITS); PROSTHESES AND IMPLANTS; and catheters. Biofilms are prevented from forming by treating surfaces with DENTIFRICES; DISINFECTANTS; ANTI-INFECTIVE AGENTS; and antifouling agents.Tetracyclines: Closely congeneric derivatives of the polycyclic naphthacenecarboxamide. (Gilman et al., Goodman and Gilman's The Pharmacological Basis of Therapeutics, 8th ed, p1117)Bacteria, AnaerobicMethicillin Resistance: Non-susceptibility of a microbe to the action of METHICILLIN, a semi-synthetic penicillin derivative.Fosfomycin: An antibiotic produced by Streptomyces fradiae.Chemistry, Physical: The study of CHEMICAL PHENOMENA and processes in terms of the underlying PHYSICAL PHENOMENA and processes.Levofloxacin: The L-isomer of Ofloxacin.Kanamycin: Antibiotic complex produced by Streptomyces kanamyceticus from Japanese soil. Comprises 3 components: kanamycin A, the major component, and kanamycins B and C, the minor components.Silver Compounds: Inorganic compounds that contain silver as an integral part of the molecule.Coumarins: Synthetic or naturally occurring substances related to coumarin, the delta-lactone of coumarinic acid.Bacteria, AerobicMonoglycerides: GLYCEROL esterified with a single acyl (FATTY ACIDS) chain.Microscopy, Electron, Scanning: Microscopy in which the object is examined directly by an electron beam scanning the specimen point-by-point. The image is constructed by detecting the products of specimen interactions that are projected above the plane of the sample, such as backscattered electrons. Although SCANNING TRANSMISSION ELECTRON MICROSCOPY also scans the specimen point by point with the electron beam, the image is constructed by detecting the electrons, or their interaction products that are transmitted through the sample plane, so that is a form of TRANSMISSION ELECTRON MICROSCOPY.Camphor: A bicyclic monoterpene ketone found widely in plants, especially CINNAMOMUM CAMPHORA. It is used topically as a skin antipruritic and as an anti-infective agent.Polygonum: A plant genus of the family POLYGONACEAE that is an ingredient of Shou-Wu-Pian, a Chinese herbal preparation (DRUGS, CHINESE HERBAL). The common name of black bindweed also refers to TAMUS or Fallopia (use POLYGONACEAE).Aztreonam: A monocyclic beta-lactam antibiotic originally isolated from Chromobacterium violaceum. It is resistant to beta-lactamases and is used in gram-negative infections, especially of the meninges, bladder, and kidneys. It may cause a superinfection with gram-positive organisms.Seminal Vesicle Secretory Proteins: The secretory proteins of the seminal vesicles are proteins and enzymes that are important in the rapid clotting of the ejaculate. The major clotting protein is seminal vesicle-specific antigen. Many of these seminal vesicle proteins are under androgen regulation, and are substrates for the prostatic enzymes, such as the PROSTATE-SPECIFIC ANTIGEN, a protease and an esterase.Cefmetazole: A semisynthetic cephamycin antibiotic with a broad spectrum of activity against both gram-positive and gram-negative microorganisms. It has a high rate of efficacy in many types of infection and to date no severe side effects have been noted.Penicillin Resistance: Nonsusceptibility of an organism to the action of penicillins.Cefaclor: Semisynthetic, broad-spectrum antibiotic derivative of CEPHALEXIN.Triclosan: A diphenyl ether derivative used in cosmetics and toilet soaps as an antiseptic. It has some bacteriostatic and fungistatic action.Bacteriolysis: Rupture of bacterial cells due to mechanical force, chemical action, or the lytic growth of BACTERIOPHAGES.Cefoperazone: Semisynthetic broad-spectrum cephalosporin with a tetrazolyl moiety that is resistant to beta-lactamase. It has been proposed especially against Pseudomonas infections.Enterobacter cloacae: A species of gram-negative, facultatively anaerobic, rod-shaped bacteria that occurs in water, sewage, soil, meat, hospital environments, and on the skin and in the intestinal tract of man and animals as a commensal.Muramidase: A basic enzyme that is present in saliva, tears, egg white, and many animal fluids. It functions as an antibacterial agent. The enzyme catalyzes the hydrolysis of 1,4-beta-linkages between N-acetylmuramic acid and N-acetyl-D-glucosamine residues in peptidoglycan and between N-acetyl-D-glucosamine residues in chitodextrin. EC 188.8.131.52.Spices: The dried seeds, bark, root, stems, buds, leaves, or fruit of aromatic plants used to season food.Spectroscopy, Fourier Transform Infrared: A spectroscopic technique in which a range of wavelengths is presented simultaneously with an interferometer and the spectrum is mathematically derived from the pattern thus obtained.QuinolinesMelitten: Basic polypeptide from the venom of the honey bee (Apis mellifera). It contains 26 amino acids, has cytolytic properties, causes contracture of muscle, releases histamine, and disrupts surface tension, probably due to lysis of cell and mitochondrial membranes.Propolis: A resinous substance obtained from beehives that is used traditionally as an antimicrobial. It is a heterogeneous mixture of many substances.
In vitro antibacterial activity of Lucilia sericata maggot secretions. Skin Pharmacol Physiol. (20/2) ... Selective antimicrobial activity of maggots against pathogenic bacteria. *^ Maggot debridement therapy DermNet NZ, (19. februar ...
... antibacterial activity in vitro and in vivo". Chemotherapy. 23 (6): 424-35. doi:10.1159/000222012. PMID 21771. Pawełczyk E, ...
One species contains chemicals with in vitro antibacterial activity. Mabberley, D.J. (1997), The plant book: A portable ...
... most of these resultant lipopeptides have potent antibacterial activities. Some of these compounds have in vitro antibacterial ... Woodworth JR, Nyhart EH, Brier GL, Wolny JD, Black HR (February 1992). "Single-dose pharmacokinetics and antibacterial activity ... It has proven in vitro activity against enterococci (including glycopeptide-resistant enterococci (GRE)), staphylococci ( ... Further, one displayed ameliorated activity against an E. coli imp mutant that was defective in its ability to assemble its ...
Pattnaik, S; Subramanyam, VR; Kole, C (1996). "Antibacterial and antifungal activity of ten essential oils in vitro". Microbios ... Prabuseenivasan, Seenivasan; Jayakumar, Manickkam; Ignacimuthu, Savarimuthu (2006). "In vitro antibacterial activity of some ... "Chemical Composition and Antifungal Activity of Essential Oil from Cymbopogon nardus (Citronella Grass)". Japan International ...
2013). In vitro antibacterial activity of Thonningia sanguinea (Balanophoraceae (Vahl)) flowers extracts. Journal of ... 2007). Antibacterial activity of the aqueous extract of Thonningia sanguinea against extended-spectrum-β-lactamases (ESBL) ... N'guessan JD, Coulibaly A, Ramanou AA, Okou OC, Djaman AJ, Guédé-Guina F. Antibacterial activity of Thonningia sanguinea ... 2008). Assessment of antifungal activity of an African medicinal herb Thonningia sanguinea against Cryptococcus neoformans. ...
Ozturk, Suzan; Ercisli, Sezai (24 January 2006). "Chemical composition and in vitro antibacterial activity of Seseli libanotis ... Küpelia, Esra; Tosun, Alev; Yesilada, Erdem (6 April 2006). "Anti-inflammatory and antinociceptive activities of Seseli L. ... "Total phenolic content, flavonoid concentration, antioxidant and antimicrobial activity of methanol extracts from three Seseli ...
2007). Antibacterial activity of Dicranopteris linearis under in vitro conditions. STARS Int. Journal (Sciences). 1:2 191-95. ... In vitro samples of the fern kill bacteria. The Diliman district in Quezon City in the Philippines' National Capital Region ...
"The in vitro antibacterial activity of Hedyotis Umbellata - Short Communication". Indian Journal of Pharmacological Sciences. ...
Nuflor website Syriopoulou VP, Harding AL, Goldmann DA, Smith AL (February 1981). "In vitro antibacterial activity of ...
"The in vitro and in vivo antibacterial evaluation of Brilacidin" (PDF). The Association for Research in Vision and ... "In Vitro activity of novel biomimetic compounds against oral Candida strains" (PDF). New Jersey Dental School. "Synthetic ... "The In Vitro Activity of Three Novel Biomimetics Against Clinically Relevant Ocular Pathogens". 2006 Ocular Microbiology and ... Other HDP-Mimetic analogs have proven effective In Vitro against C. albicans and other candida species. Also acquired with ...
Pattnaik, S; Subramanyam, VR; Kole, C (1996). "Antibacterial and antifungal activity of ten essential oils in vitro". Microbios ... "In vitro antibacterial activity of some plant essential oils". BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine. 6: 39. doi:10.1186/ ... "Chemical Composition and Antifungal Activity of Essential Oil from Cymbopogon nardus (Citronella Grass)". Japan International ...
It shows in vitro antibacterial activity and activity on burn wound healing. Astilbin is used in traditional Chinese medicine. ... 2002 Isolation and in vitro antibacterial activity of astilbin, the bioactive flavanone from the leaves of Harungana ... and Its Immunosuppressive Activity against Contact Dermatitis, Jianming Guo, Feng Qian, Jianxin Li, Qiang Xu, Ting Chen, 2006 ... http://anwabio.com/asti.htm[permanent dead link] Astilbin on PubChem Biological activity of astilbin from Dimorphandra mollis ...
Another in vitro study claimed GSE had antibacterial properties. As with the branded in vitro test this extract was ... Although citrus seed extract is sold in health food markets, there is no good evidence for any natural antimicrobial activity. ... "The effectiveness of processed grapefruit-seed extract as an antibacterial agent: I. An in vitro agar assay". J Altern ... 3.0.CO;2-1. Giamperi L, Fraternale D, Bucchini A, Ricci D (March 2004). "Antioxidant activity of Citrus paradisi seeds glyceric ...
"In Vitro and in Vivo Antibacterial Activities of Omadacycline, a Novel Aminomethylcycline". Antimicrobial Agents and ... In vitro studies have shown that omadacycline has activity against a broad range of Gram-positive and select Gram-negative ... Omadacycline has potent in vitro activity against Gram-positive aerobic bacteria including methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus ... This activity translated to potent efficacy for omadacycline in an in vivo systemic infection model in mice. Additional in ...
May 2010). "In vitro antibacterial activities of JNJ-Q2, a new broad-spectrum fluoroquinolone". Antimicrob. Agents Chemother. ... Farrell DJ, Liverman LC, Biedenbach DJ, Jones RN (July 2011). "JNJ-Q2, a new fluoroquinolone with potent in vitro activity ... JNJ-Q2 is a broad-spectrum fluoroquinolone antibacterial drug being developed for the treatment of acute bacterial skin and ...
... has been shown to have in vitro antibacterial and antiviral activity. It also inhibits the growth of breast tumor ... Cushnie TP, Lamb AJ (2006). "Assessment of the antibacterial activity of galangin against 4-quinolone resistant strains of ... cells in vitro. Ciolino, H. P.; Yeh, G. C. (1999). "The flavonoid galangin is an inhibitor of CYP1A1 activity and an agonist/ ... Afolayan AJ, Meyer JJ, Taylor MB, Erasmus D (1997). "Antiviral activity of galangin isolated from the aerial parts of ...
The herb seems to have synergistic antibacterial activity over berberine in vitro, possibly due to efflux pump inhibitory ... Berberine alone has weak antibiotic activity in vitro since many microorganisms actively export it from the cell (although a ... Extracts Synergistically Enhance the Antibacterial Activity of Berberine via Efflux Pump Inhibition", Planta Medica 2010 Mills ... activity. Multiple bacteria and fungi, along with selected protozoa and chlamydia are susceptible to berberine in vitro. ...
Antibacterial activities of the extracts and conessine from Holarrhena floribunda. Afr J Trad Complem Alt Med. Vol. 4, No. 3, ... has anti-bacterial properties in vitro. Crude extracts of F. elastica inhibit growth of many molds, including Aspergillus, ...
When isolated from the plant, these have antibacterial and leishmanicidal activities in vitro. It also contains caffeic acid ... "Studies on antimicrobial activity, in vitro, of Physalis angulata L. (Solanaceae) fraction and physalin B bringing out the ...
Fu, Yujie; Chen, L; Zu, Y; Liu, Z; Liu, X; Liu, Y; Yao, L; Efferth, T (2009). "The Antibacterial Activity of Clove Essential ... 2010). "In vitro antimicrobial activity of silver-processed catheters for neurosurgery". Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy ... 1993). "Antibacterial activity of multilayer silver-copper surface films on catheter material". Canadian Journal of ... "Investigation of antibacterial activity of rosemary essential oil against propionibacterium acnes with atomic force microscopy" ...
"In vitro activity of TR-700, the active ingredient of the antibacterial prodrug TR-701, a novel oxazolidinone antibacterial ... "New FDA task force will support innovation in antibacterial drug development". September 2012.. ... tedizolid exerts its bacteriostatic microbial activity through inhibition of protein synthesis by binding to the 50S ribosomal ...
Hirai K, Aoyama H, Hosaka M, Oomori Y, Niwata Y, Suzue S, Irikura T (June 1986). "In vitro and in vivo antibacterial activity ... Asahina Y, Iwase K, Iinuma F, Hosaka M, Ishizaki T (May 2005). "Synthesis and antibacterial activity of 1-(2-fluorovinyl)-7- ... Chin NX, Brittain DC, Neu HC (April 1986). "In vitro activity of Ro 23-6240, a new fluorinated 4-quinolone". Antimicrobial ... and spectra of activity in vitro". Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy. 28 (4): 581-6. doi:10.1128/aac.28.4.581. PMC 180310 ...
Janeš, Damjan; Kreft, Samo; Jurc, Maja; Seme, Katja; Štrukelj, Borut (2008). "Antibacterial Activity in Higher Fungi (Mushrooms ... Amanita virosa extract has antibacterial efficacy against Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Staphylococcus aureus in vitro. It also ... Kawaji A, Sone T, Natsuki R, Isobe M, Takabatake E, Yamaura Y (1990). "In vitro toxicity test of poisonous mushroom extracts ... has shown inhibitory activity on thrombin. Fungi portal List of Amanita species List of deadly fungi Simpson, D.P. (1979). ...
The antibacterial activity of lactoperoxidase plays an important role in the immune defense system. Hypothiocyanite is one of ... Antibody conjugates of glucose oxidase and to lactoperoxidase have been found to effective in killing tumor cells in vitro. In ... Lactoperoxidase is an effective antimicrobial agent and is used as an antibacterial agent in reducing bacterial microflora in ... Korhonen H (1980). "A new method for preserving raw milk: The lactoperoxidase antibacterial system". World Anim. Rev. 35: 23-29 ...
Dutta, A.; Sarkar, D.; Gurib-Fakim, A.; Mandal, C.; Chatterjee, M.. «In vitro and in vivo activity of Aloe vera leaf exudate in ... Jelager, L.; Gurib-Fakim, A.; Adsersen, A.. «Antibacterial and Antifungal Activity of Medicinal Plants of Mauritius». ... Chemical composition and in vitro antimicrobial activities of the essential oils from endemic Psiadia species growing in ... Mahomoodally, M. F.; Gurib-Fakim, A.; Subratty, A. H.. Antimicrobial Activities and Phytochemical Profiles of Endemic Medicinal ...
This study evaluated the in vitro antibacterial activity and cytotoxicity of various commercially available silver-containing ... The antibacterial activity against Staphylococcus aureus and Pseudomonas aeruginosa were accessed by a disc diffusion test. The ... Results: The cytotoxicity was not a monotonic function of the antibacterial activity among the Ag dressings and could not be ... Biohesive Ag was regarded as a slow-release Ag dressing, showing the lowest cytotoxicity, while the antibacterial activity was ...
In vitro antibacterial activity against sensitive strain Streptococcus pyogenes 77A. ...
Background Compounds having both anticancer and antimicrobial activity have promising therapeutic potential due to their ... In vitro antibacterial and cytotoxic activity of leaf extracts of Centella asiatica (L.) Urb, Warburgia salutaris (Bertol. F.) ... Chitemerere T, Mukanganyama S. In vitro antibacterial activity of selected medicinal plants from Zimbabwe. African J Plant Sci ... Antibacterial assay. Agar disk diffusion. The study of antibacterial activity of the selected medicinal plant extracts was ...
Compound was tested in vitro for antibacterial activity against Mycobacterium tuberculosis H37 Rv.. ...
P. Parihar, L. Parihar, and A. Bohra, "In vitro antibacterial activity of fronds (leaves) of some important pteridophtes," ... Screening for antibacterial activity (IV)," Fitoterapia, vol. 56, no. 6, pp. 331-337, 1985. View at Google Scholar · View at ... B. U. Reddy, "Enumeration of antibacterial activity of few medicinal plants by bioassay method," E-Journal of Chemistry, vol. 7 ... M. N. Somchit, I. Reezal, I. Elysha Nur, and A. R. Mutalib, "In vitro antimicrobial activity of ethanol and water extracts of ...
The goal of the study was to determine the relationship between in vitro/in vivo efficacy of environmental Pseudomonas phages ... In vitro and in vivo antibacterial activity of environmental bacteriophages against Pseudomonas aeruginosa strains from cystic ... Phage lytic activity was tested both in vitro and in vivo using the Galleria mellonella larvae model. The most active phages ... Phage lytic activity tested in vitro in the classical agar method was compared with the Galleria mellonella larvae in vivo ...
In vitro and in vivo antibacterial activity of shrimp chitosan against some intestinal bacteria * * TSAI GUO-JANE ... Antimicrobial activity of shrimp chitin and chitosan from different treatments and applications of fish preservation Tsai Guo- ... Antibacterial effect of N-sulfonated and N-sulfobenzoil chitosan and application to oyster preservation. CHEN CS ... Antifungal activity of chitosan and its preservative effect on low-sugar candied kumquat FANG SW ...
... Bahram ... In the present study we report the synthesis and antibacterial activity of a new series 2-(1-methyl-4-nitro-1H-imidazol-5- ... Compound 6b with 5-(5-nitrofuran-2-yl)-residue on 1,3,4-thiadiazole scaffold have shown promising antibacterial activities ... ylsulfonyl)-1,3,4-thiadiazoles (6a-c). Compounds 6a-c were tested in vitro by the conventional agar dilution method against a ...
Antibacterial & antioxidant activity of different extract of Moringa oleifera leaves-an in-vitro study ... Madhu Mohan N., and Singh, R. P., "Antibacterial & antioxidant activity of different extract of Moringa oleifera leaves-an in- ... vitro study", International Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences Review and Research, vol. 12, pp. 89-94, 2012. ...
This study reports about in vitro antibacterial activity and in vitro cell compatibility of poly-(3-hydroxybutyrate-co-3- ... This study reports about in vitro antibacterial activity and in vitro cell compatibility of poly-(3-hydroxybutyrate-co-3- ... In vitro assessment of antibacterial activity and cytocompatibility of silver-containing PHBV nanofibrous scaffolds for tissue ... In vitro antibacterial activity against Staphylococcus aureus and Klebsiella pneumoniae was studied by microplate proliferation ...
The antibacterial activities were determined by agar dilution method, and the two-drug antibacterial activities were determined ... and in vitro antibacterial activities of two-drug combinations. All of the MRSA strains evaluated were clinical isolates from ... quercetin and resveratrol show obvious antibacterial activities against MRSA, and the results of two-drug antibacterial ... activity show either synergy or additivity, without evidences of antagonistic effects. ...
In Vitro and In Vivo Antibacterial Activities of Quinupristin-Dalfopristin, a Novel Injectable Streptogramin, against Gram- ... In vitro activities of a streptogramin (RP 59500), three macrolides, and anazalide against four respiratory tract pathogens ... In vitro activity of RP59500, an injectable streptogramin antibiotic, against vancomycin-resistant gram-positive organisms ... In Vitro Evaluation of the Activity of β-Lactams, New Quinolones, and Other Antimicrobial Agents against Streptococcus ...
The antibacterial activity of the leaves extract may be attributed to the presence of flavonoids and other antimicrobial ... The antimicrobial compounds responsible for the antibacterial activity were screened using standard methods. The active zones ... bactericidal concentration of ethanolic extract of guava leaves was 6.25 mg/ml indicating significant antibacterial activity ... In vitro antibacterial activity of Psidium guajava (Guava) leaves extract on carbapenem-resistant Klebsiella pneumoniae causing ...
In vitro antibacterial activity of piperacillin-tazobactam combination on hospital isolates and regression curve ... In vitro antibacterial activity of a new fluoroquinolone, enoxacin against hospital bacteria and regression curve. Pathologie- ... Antibacterial in vitro activity of piperacillin-tazobactam in combination with netilmicin or amikacin against amoxicillin- ... In vitro antibacterial activity of a new fluoroquinolone, fleroxacin, against hospital bacteria and regression curve. ...
In Vitro Comparative Study of Antioxidant and Antibacterial Activity of Selected Dietary Plants * Ashok Kumar Department of ... Kumar, A., Sharma, P., Mahajan, A., & Begum, Z. (2019). In Vitro Comparative Study of Antioxidant and Antibacterial Activity of ... These extracts were further studied for antibacterial activity by agar well diffusion and spectrophotometric method against ... were used for relative analysis of antioxidant and antimicrobial activity. Antioxidant activity was determined by DPPH [1, 1- ...
In Vitro and In Vivo Antibacterial Activities of Omadacycline, a Novel Aminomethylcycline. A. B. Macone, B. K. Caruso, R. G. ... In vitro and in vivo antibacterial activities of a novel glycylcycline, the 9-t-butylglycylamido derivative of minocycline (GAR ... In Vitro and In Vivo Antibacterial Activities of Omadacycline, a Novel Aminomethylcycline ... In Vitro and In Vivo Antibacterial Activities of Omadacycline, a Novel Aminomethylcycline ...
In vitro activities of U-100592 and U-100766, novel oxazolidinone antibacterial agents.. G E Zurenko, B H Yagi, R D Schaadt, J ... In vitro activities of U-100592 and U-100766, novel oxazolidinone antibacterial agents. ... In vitro activities of U-100592 and U-100766, novel oxazolidinone antibacterial agents. ... In vitro activities of U-100592 and U-100766, novel oxazolidinone antibacterial agents. ...
In vitro Antioxidant, Antibacterial Activities and HPLC-TOF/MS Analysis of Anvillea radiata (Asteraceae) Extracts. Author(s): ... In vitro antibacterial, antifungal, and antioxidant activities of the essential oil and methanol extract of herbal parts and ... Title:In vitro Antioxidant, Antibacterial Activities and HPLC-TOF/MS Analysis of Anvillea radiata (Asteraceae) Extracts ... Abderrahim Benslama*, Abdenassar Harrar, Fatih Gül and Ibrahim Demirtaş, "In vitro Antioxidant, Antibacterial Activities and ...
In vitro antibacterial activity of crude methanol extracts of various parts of Parthenium hysterophorus against pathogenic ... In vitro antibacterial activity of crude methanol extracts of various parts of Parthenium hysterophorus against pathogenic ... In the present study in vitro antibacterial activities of P. hysterophorus leaf, flower, bark and root crude methanol extracts ... root 250mg/ml did not show antibacterial activity against Streptococcus agalactiae, Staphylococcus aureus and Streptococcus ...
The ranges of indistinctive antibacterial activities for four kinds of typical periodontal pathogens are 6∶1~1∶2,6∶1~2∶3,6∶1~2∶ ... and Peptostreptococcus spp.Statistical test is used to seek the indistinctive ranges of antibacterial activities of Ornidazole ... To understand antibacterial activities of different proportions of Ornidazole and Pefloxacin against periodontal pathogen in ... vitro.Methods: 1) Ornidazole and Pefloxacin are divided to six levels,in order to measure the changes of antiblastic indexes of ...
The present study thus aimed to investigate the in vitro antibacterial activity and antibiotic modifying activities of crude ... In vitro antibacterial and antibiotic modifying activity of crude extract, fractions and 3′,4′,7-trihydroxyflavone from ... In vitro antibacterial and antibiotic modifying activity of crude extract, fractions and 3′,4′,7-trihydroxyflavone from ... Antibacterial activity of 11 essential oils against Bacillus cereus in tantalized carrot broth. Int J Food Microbiol. 2003;85: ...
The crude extract and the methanol fraction had similar antibacterial activity profile in terms of antibacterial activity ... The purpose of the study was to evaluate the in vitro antibacterial activities of the crude and solvent fractions of the leaves ... Evaluation of the in vitro antibacterial activity of the solvent fractions of the leaves of Rhamnus prinoides LHerit ( ... Antibacterial activity assay. Agar well diffusion. The antibacterial agar well diffusion assay was conducted by following the ...
Triphenyltin(IV) are found to possess better in vitro antibacterial screening activity on two gram-positive bacterial compared ... the complexes obtained were screened for their in vitro antibacterial screening activity. Results: Monomeric R2Sn (2-NH2-5-NO2- ... However, the synthesis and characterization as well as the in vitro antibacterial screening activity of organotin(IV) ... Triphenyltin(IV) are found to possess better in vitro antibacterial screening activity on two gram-positive bacterial compared ...
Mefloquine showed good activity against pneumococci but lower in vitro action against all other tested pathogens. These data ... Besides the anti-malarial activity, SP is also a potent antibiotic and incurs significant anti-microbial activity when given as ... In this study, the intrinsic anti-bacterial activity of mefloquine and azithromycin was assessed in comparison to sulphadoxine- ... the need for prospective clinical trials evaluating the impact of antibiotic activity of anti-malarials on maternal and foetal ...
In vitro antibacterial activities of tigecycline in combination with other antimicrobial agents determined by chequerboard and ...
ExtractsStrainsStaphylococcusExtractVivoPathogensCompoundsCharacterizationPhytochemicalAntifungal activityPseudomonasAnticancerGood antibacterial activityStrong antibacterial activityBacteriaSilver nanoparticlesAssaysEvaluation of antibacterialStreptococcusIsolatesStudy of antibacterial activityEscherichiaAgarInhibitoryBroad-spectrum antibacterial activityMethodsNanoparticlesSynthesis and antibacterial activityGram-positivePhytochemicalsAntitumor-promotinSpeciesAureusCytotoxicityAntioxidant and antibacterialDiffusionPathogenAnti-inflammatoryCytotoxic effectsAssayBacteriostaticHigher antibacterialExcellent antibacterialPossesses antibacterialInvestigate
- In vitro antibacterial and cytotoxic activity of leaf extracts of Centella asiatica (L.) Urb , Warburgia salutaris (Bertol. (springer.com)
- Extracts were assayed for antibacterial activity using the agar well diffusion and micro plate dilution assay. (springer.com)
- The extracts further revealed a broad-spectrum antibacterial activity against bacterial strains used in the study. (springer.com)
- Overall, the extracts had good antibacterial activity and anti-proliferative effects against selected cancerous cell lines. (springer.com)
- Given the good antibacterial activity of the extracts the plants may act as an immune booster and prevent infection in immunosuppressed cancer patients. (springer.com)
- Antibacterial activities of the methanol extracts of ten Cameroonian vegetables against Gram-negative multidrug-resistant bacteria," BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine , vol. 13, article 26, 2013. (hindawi.com)
- Antimicrobial activity of five herbal extracts against Multi Drug Resistant (MDR) strains of bacteria and fungus of clinical origin," Molecules , vol. 14, no. 2, pp. 586-597, 2009. (hindawi.com)
- S. Shalini and P. Sampathkumar, "Phytochemical screening and antimicrobial activity of plant extracts for disease management," International Journal of Current Science , pp. 209-218, 2012. (hindawi.com)
- Ethanolic extracts of Garlic (Bulb), Aloe (leaf), Flower bud (buds), Turmeric (rhizomes) and Ginger (rhizomes) were used for relative analysis of antioxidant and antimicrobial activity. (nepjol.info)
- These extracts were further studied for antibacterial activity by agar well diffusion and spectrophotometric method against tetracycline as reference. (nepjol.info)
- Objective: This study was carried out to evaluate the antioxidant capacity and antibacterial activity of Anvillea radiata (Asteraceae) extracts, one of the medicinal plants used as food and in folk medicine in Algeria. (eurekaselect.com)
- Methods: The extraction was carried on the aerial part by methanol and water to give Met.E and Aq.E. The ABTS and DPPH free radicals-scavenging tests are used to evaluate the antioxidant activity of extracts. (eurekaselect.com)
- In the present study in vitro antibacterial activities of P. hysterophorus leaf, flower, bark and root crude methanol extracts were evaluated against five reference strains of pathogenic bacterial species. (ajol.info)
- Antimicrobial activities of seed extracts of mango( Mangiferaindica L.). Adv Microbiol. (springermedizin.de)
- Antibacterial activity of nutmeg ( Myristicafragrans ) seed extracts against some pathogenic bacteria. (springermedizin.de)
- At least all extracts exhibited antimicrobial activity against selected microbes with the lowest Minimum inhibitory concentrations (MICs) of 0.78 and 0.19 mg/ml in bacteria and fungi respectively. (ijsr.net)
- The present study suggest that methanolic extracts of Bersama abyssinica leaves, stem bark and root bark could be potential sources of antimicrobials since they exhibited significant activity against resistant bacterial and fungal strains. (ijsr.net)
- The purpose of this study is to determine the antibacterial effects of aqueous, chloroform, methanol and ethanol extracts of A. annua against eight bacterial species. (zjrms.ir)
- The obtained results showed antibacterial activity of the organic and chloroformic extracts of Artemisia annua against the tested microorganisms. (zjrms.ir)
- Massiha A, Majid Khoshkholgh-Pahlavian M, Issazadeh K, Bidarigh S, Zarrabi S. Antibacterial Activity of Essential Oils and Plant Extracts of Artemisia (Artemisia annua L.) In Vitro. (zjrms.ir)
- Depending on the seasonal period of sampling, ethanol extracts of A. taxiformis exhibited significantly different inhibitory activity against fish pathogenic bacteria. (frontiersin.org)
- Objective: To study in vitro antibacterial and antifungal activity of hot water and methanolic extracts of the three medicinal plants-Boswellia (Luban) species. (elsevier.com)
- The obtained extracts were tested for their antibacterial activity against eleven different bacterial strains and two fungi using the standard well-diffusion and micro-dilution methods. (elsevier.com)
- Results: The different extracts possessed different inhibitory activity against different types of bacterial species. (elsevier.com)
- The antimicrobial activity exhibited by the methanolic extracts of Boswellia sacra from the Suqotra and Dhofar regions was greater than that of Boswellia frereana collected from Somalia. (elsevier.com)
- The plant extracts showed bacteriostatic activity at lower concentrations and bactericidal activity at higher concentrations. (elsevier.com)
- Neither water nor methanolic extracts showed any activity against the fungi Candida maltosa and Candida albicans. (elsevier.com)
- Conclusions: It can be concluded that the methanolic extracts of Boswellia (Luban) possess the highest antibacterial activity. (elsevier.com)
- The extracts were tested for antibacterial activity against different selected bacteria by disk diffusion method. (pharmascholars.com)
- Antibacterial activity of plant extracts and phytochemicals on antibioticresistant bacteria. (innovareacademics.in)
- and to evaluate the antioxidant activity of various extracts in the DPPH radical system, hydroxyl radical system and anti-lipid peroxidation system. (biomedres.info)
- The present study was undertaken to characterize the antibacterial activity of the aqueous extracts (AEs)obtained from the leaves of Borago officinalis L. and Brassica juncea L. The antagonistic activity wasevaluated against several bacteria (42 strains of Listeria monocytogenes, 35 strains of Staphylococcusaureus, 38 strains of Enterobacter spp. (unipa.it)
- The extracts did not show cellular toxicity when tested against sheep erythrocytes.Hence, B. officinalis and B. juncea AEs were effective as natural antibacterial substances. (unipa.it)
- The antibacterial activities of three different propolis extracts (alcohol concentrations: 0, 15, 40%) and Aloe vera gel on E. faecalis were compared using three methods: disk diffusion, microdilution and direct contact test. (ijmcmed.org)
- Disk diffusion test revealed that propolis ethanolic extracts (the alcohol concentration of 15 and 40%) and Aloe vera gel have antibacterial activities but aqueous extract of propolis did not show any effect in this test. (ijmcmed.org)
- In direct contact test, contrary to Aloe vera, all three propolis extracts showed antibacterial effects on E. faecalis. (ijmcmed.org)
- The hydroalcoholic extracts of propolis and Aloe vera gel had antibacterial effects on E. faecalis, however, propolis is more potent than Aloe vera. (ijmcmed.org)
- The objective of this study is to evaluate the phenol compounds effect on antibacterial activity of herbal extracts of Fasa-Fars province in vitro . (ac.ir)
- Results of antibacterial activity of extracts and relation with phenol compound amounts indicate the antibacterial effect of phenol compounds in herbal extracts. (ac.ir)
- Ahmadi Esbechin S, Safari M, Soltani N, kamali M. In vitro Antibacterial Activity of Methanol, Ether and Aqueous Extracts in Some Species of Cyanobacteria. (ac.ir)
- The main objective of this study was to investigate the in vitro antibacterial activity of methanol, ether and aqueous extracts of some species of cyanobacteria. (ac.ir)
- Results: Results showed that methanol, ether and aqueous extracts of Fischerella ambigua and aqueous extract of Synechococcus elongatus had considerable antibacterial activity. (ac.ir)
- This study aims to evaluate the antibacterial effects of extracts hexanical, 70% methanol and aqueous leaf Spondias mombin (Desr. (issr-journals.org)
- The study of the antibacterial activity of the extracts was performed by the medium diffusion method and agar dilution Mueller-Hinton. (issr-journals.org)
- In vitro antibacterial and non-stick activity of extracts from leaves of Psidium guineense Sw. (bvsalud.org)
- further studies are needed to confirm these extracts to be natural antibacterial agents for use in controlling dental caries. (bvsalud.org)
- Leaf and Flower Extracts - An In-Vitro Study. (rjptonline.org)
- It can be concluded that methanol extracts of Rumex vesicarious leaves may be used as natural antibacterial from treatment of some diseases, especially local skin diseases. (journaljamb.com)
- Hasan MF, Rahman M. Screening of antibacterial, antifungal and cytotoxic activities of Polygonum hydropiper L. stem extracts. (journaljamb.com)
- Biological activities of Rumex dentatus L: Evaluation of methanol and hexane extracts. (journaljamb.com)
- In this paper, we aim to present an updated overview of in vitro and in vivo studies that show the significant therapeutic properties of the crude extracts and phytochemicals derived from H. sabdariffa as antimicrobial, antiparasitic, and anticancer agents. (prolekare.cz)
- The effectiveness of aqueous extracts of H. sabdariffa were investigated for antimicrobial activity against E. coli and Staphylococcus aureus ( S. aureus ) strains in a microbiological medium and ultrahigh-temperature-processed milk with various fat percentages. (prolekare.cz)
- The results showed that extracts treated by heat revealed higher antimicrobial activity than in microbiological medium 21) . (prolekare.cz)
- Antibacterial activities of essential oils and extracts of Turkish Achillea, Satureja and Thymus species against plant pathogenic bacteria. (nih.gov)
- Chinese herbal medicinal (CHM) extracts from fourteen plants were investigated in cell-based in vitro assays for their effect on nuclear factor κB (NF-κB), a key regulator of inflammation, as well as on peroxisome proliferator-activated receptors (PPARs) being key regulators of genes involved in lipid and glucose metabolism. (science.gov)
- 50 Several in vitro and animal studies using CAL-27 oral cancer, DU145 androgen-independent prostate carcinoma, HCT116 colon carcinoma, HepG2 human liver cancer, HT-29 colon carcinoma, KB oral cancer, LNCaP prostate tumor, MCF-7 human breast cancer, and U87 glioblastoma multiforme cell lines have shown that cranberry extracts arrest tumor cell proliferation and induce apoptosis with EC 50 values of 11.7-87.4mcM. (sigmaaldrich.com)
- The goal of the study was to determine the relationship between in vitro/in vivo efficacy of environmental Pseudomonas phages and certain phenotypical properties of Pseudomonas aeruginosa ( PA ) strains. (springer.com)
- We further explored phage activity against six PA strains (CF and non-CF) in vitro, comparing clonal differences in phage susceptibility with bacterial properties such as the ability to form biofilms, mucosity, twitching motility, and biochemical profiles. (springer.com)
- In this study, we were interested in the relationship between in vitro/in vivo efficacy of environmental Pseudomonas phages and certain phenotypical properties of selected strains. (springer.com)
- activity was practically identical on plasmid mediated penicillinase (Pase) producing strains. (eurekamag.com)
- These results demonstrate potent in vivo efficacy including activity against strains containing common resistance determinants. (asm.org)
- Omadacycline demonstrated in vitro activity against a broad range of Gram-positive and select Gram-negative pathogens, including resistance determinant-containing strains, and this activity translated to potent efficacy in vivo . (asm.org)
- Among the P. hysterophorus parts tested: leaf, flower, bark and root showed promising inhibitory activities against the tested bacterial strains at all concentration except bark extract at 250mg/ml, root 500mg/ml, root 250mg/ml did not show antibacterial activity against Streptococcus agalactiae , Staphylococcus aureus and Streptococcus agalactiae , respectively. (ajol.info)
- The crude extract showed antibacterial activity with MICs ranging from 32 to 1024 μg/mL on the majority of the 29 tested Gram-negative bacterial strains. (springermedizin.de)
- The compound 3′,4′,7-trihydroxyflavone potentiated the activity of antibiotics in the majority of the tested bacterial strains. (springermedizin.de)
- Methanol and chloroform fractions revealed antibacterial activities against the growth of test bacterial strains with varying antibacterial spectrum and the susceptible bacterial species were Staphylococcus aureus, Streptococcus pyogen, Streptococcus pneumoniae and Salmonella typhi . (biomedcentral.com)
- The purpose of the study was to evaluate the in vitro antibacterial activities of the crude and solvent fractions of the leaves of Rhamnus prinoides against clinical and standard strains of selected bacterial species, which can in turn provide a clue for the isolation and identification of active principle(s) responsible for the antibacterial activity. (biomedcentral.com)
- Selected strains were cultivated with lyophilized P. nurekis and the antibacterial effect was monitored. (vuzv.cz)
- However the methanolic and ethyl acetate fractions exhibited strong antimicrobial activity against tested bacterial and fungal strains. (ijsr.net)
- 3. Nair R, Chanda S. Activity of some medicinal plants against certain pathogenic bacterial strains. (innovareacademics.in)
- Assessment of the antibacterial activity of phenylethanoid glycosides from Phlomis lanceolata against multiple-drug-resistant strains of Staphylococcus aureus. (innovareacademics.in)
- The activity of chlorquinaldol was investigated against a collection of bacterial isolates responsible for skin infections, including strains resistant to fusidic acid and gentamicin. (frontiersin.org)
- A novel polyenzyme formulation Gumseb developed by Advanced Enzyme Technologies Ltd, Thane and Speciality Biochemicals Co., USA, was tested for antibacterial properties using ATCC strains and clinical isolates of Salmonella typhi, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Escherichia coli, Staphylococcus aureus, Streptococcus pyogenes and Streptococcus pneumoniae. (who.int)
- The objective of this study was to investigate the biosynthesis of silver NPs using Lactobacillus strains and to compare their monosaccharide composition of capsular exopolysaccharides and the antibacterial activity of synthesized nanoparticles. (ac.ir)
- The washed cells of 22 Lactobacillus strains were used for in vitro silver nanoparticle biosynthesis from silver nitrate solution. (ac.ir)
- The size and antibacterial activities of Ag NPs were strain-dependent and such characteristics may be due to the capsular biopolymer composition of Lactobacillus strains used for Ag NPs synthesis. (ac.ir)
- 3 At the same time, little is known about the antibacterial function of Ag NPs that are produced using Lactobacillus strains. (ac.ir)
- Fourteen of the 16 Omani samples and five of the eight African samples showed antibacterial activity ranked as either fair, good or excellent to at least one of the three bacterial strains tested. (elsevier.com)
- Both Omani and African honeys possess in vitro antibacterial activity against the three bacterial strains tested, with 25% of the samples showing excellent antibacterial activity. (elsevier.com)
- In this study, the mode of antibacterial action was determined using the kill-time study on e.coil and pseudosomonas aeruginosa bacterial strains. (iium.edu.my)
- The aim of the presented work was to assess the antibacterial activity of berberine chloride in light of the effect exerted by common antibiotics on fourteen reference strains of Staphylococccus spp. (mendeley.com)
- The activity of B. juncea AE towards the Gram-positive strains was generally higher than thatobserved for B. officinalis (45 and 22 strains inhibited by B. juncea and B. officinalis, respectively), while anopposite trend was registered against the Gram-negative strains (22 and 35 strains inhibited by B. junceaand B. officinalis, respectively). (unipa.it)
- AEs were testedin situ in three food model systems (meat, fish and vegetable) at two concentrations, but only whenadded at a concentration 10-fold higher than that showing definite efficacy in vitro (100 and 31 mg/mLfor B. officinalis and B. juncea, respectively), they inhibited the growth of the sensitive strains, eventhough the cells were still viable after 24 h. (unipa.it)
- Many marine fungal strains are isolated, screened, and reported to produce antibacterial metabolites belonging to alkaloids, terpenoids, steroids, phenolic compounds and other chemical structures . (thefreelibrary.com)
- Fungi Aspergillus sp from coral reefs and sponges showed selective antibacterial activity against eight bacterial strains with MIC values between 1.25 and 20.0 [micro]M . (thefreelibrary.com)
- Their anticancerous, antifungal and antibacterial properties were also studied against MCF-7 cells, two fungal strains ( Aspergillus niger and Trichoderma harzianum ) and two plant bacterial strains ( Ralstonia solanacearum and Xanthomonas campestris ), respectively. (canadianjbiotech.com)
- N'guessan JD, Coulibaly A, Ramanou AA, Okou OC, Djaman AJ, Guédé-Guina F. Antibacterial activity of Thonningia sanguinea against some multi-drug resistant strains of Salmonella enterica . (wikipedia.org)
- The antibacterial activity against Staphylococcus aureus and Pseudomonas aeruginosa were accessed by a disc diffusion test. (dovepress.com)
- Compound 6b with 5-(5-nitrofuran-2-yl)-residue on 1,3,4-thiadiazole scaffold have shown promising antibacterial activities against gram-positive bacteria including Staphylococcus aureus, Staphylococcus epidermidis and Bacillus subtilis . (hindawi.com)
- In vitro antibacterial activity against Staphylococcus aureus and Klebsiella pneumoniae was studied by microplate proliferation tests. (biomedsearch.com)
- As the results, only silver-containing PHBV nanofibrous scaffolds showed a high antibacterial activity and an inhibitory effect on the growth of both Staphylococcus aureus and Klebsiella pneumoniae bacteria. (biomedsearch.com)
- In this study, we report the antibacterial activities of six polyphenols ( i.e ., luteolin, quercetin, scutellarin, apigenin, chlorogenic acid, and resveratrol) against 29 clinical isolates of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA), and in vitro antibacterial activities of two-drug combinations. (mdpi.com)
- Su Y, Ma L, Wen Y, Wang H, Zhang S. Studies of the in Vitro Antibacterial Activities of Several Polyphenols against Clinical Isolates of Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus . (mdpi.com)
- 2014. "Studies of the in Vitro Antibacterial Activities of Several Polyphenols against Clinical Isolates of Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus . (mdpi.com)
- The profiles of TLM release and the antibacterial activities of these TLM-LNPs suspensions (against Escherichia coli and Staphylococcus aureus) were tested in comparison with their corresponding powders. (ac.ir)
- The aim of this study was to identify the chemical compounds of Artemisia dracunculus essential oil and evaluation of its antibacterial activity on Listeria innocua , Staphylococcus epidermidis , Salmonella typhi , and Enterobacter aerogenes in vitro. (ac.ir)
- The ethanol extract of propolis of Alagoas showed significant results for antimicrobial activity, and inhibitory activity for Staphylococcus aureus and Candida krusei. (bvsalud.org)
- A total of 24 honey samples (16 from different parts of Oman and eight from elsewhere in Africa) were investigated for their antibacterial activity against Staphylococcus aureus (NCTC 6571), Escherichia coli (NCTC 10418) and Pseudomonas aeruginosa (NCTC 10662) using standard antimicrobial assays. (elsevier.com)
- Our previous studies have demonstrated that solid lipid nanoparticles (SLNs) can effectively enhance the antimicrobial activity of tilmicosin against Staphylococcus . (dovepress.com)
- The antibacterial activity of various sizes of Ag-NPs on RS was examined using Gram-negative bacteria ( Escherichia coli ) and Gram-positive bacteria ( Staphylococcus aureus ) based on the well diffusion technique. (ncsu.edu)
- F-SC as compared with PS-SC showed in vitro microbicidal (50 g/L) and better bacteriostatic (6.25 g/L versus 25 g/L of PS-SC) effects against the 24-h growth of Staphylococcus aureus strain 209 P and a 21-day absence of cytotoxicity on human adipose-derived multipotent mesenchymal stromal cells (hAMMSCs). (elsevier.com)
- Antibacterial effect of essential oils from two medicinal plants against Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA). (nih.gov)
- The antibacterial and antifungal activities of these compounds in vitro were investigated by agar-disc diffusion method against Escherichia coli (-), Pseudomonas aeruginosa (-), Staphylococcus aureus (+), Bacillus subtilis (+) and Aspergillus oryzae and Candida albicans . (scielo.br)
- Finally, the biological activity of the newly synthesized porphyrin ligands and their complexes was tested against antibiotic-resistant fungi ( Aspergillus oryzae and Candida albicans ) and some Gram (+) and Gram (-) bacteria ( Escherichia coli, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Staphylococcus aureus and Bacillus subtilis ). (scielo.br)
- The antibacterial activities of 1 and 2 also were evaluated against Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Staphylococcus aureus using the agar diffusion test. (science.gov)
- Cranberry supplements (Cranactin ® tablet, 400mg three times daily for two days) and ascorbic acid (500mg twice daily for two days) each have decreased deposition rates and numbers of adherent E. coli and Enterococcus faecalis in vitro , but not Pseudomonas aeruginosa , Staphylococcus epidermis , or Candida albicans . (sigmaaldrich.com)
- The minimum inhibition concentration and minimum bactericidal concentration of ethanolic extract of guava leaves was 6.25 mg/ml indicating significant antibacterial activity against the carbapenem-resistant K. pneumoniae. (academicjournals.org)
- The antibacterial activity of the leaves extract may be attributed to the presence of flavonoids and other antimicrobial phytochemicals in the guava leaves extract. (academicjournals.org)
- However, all the plants extract did show antioxidant and antibacterial activity. (nepjol.info)
- Conclusion: The data of our study reported that the Met.E extract of A. radiata had a considerable antioxidant capacity and antibacterial effect, which may be due to their richness by phenolic compounds such as rutin and fumaric acid. (eurekaselect.com)
- The present study thus aimed to investigate the in vitro antibacterial activity and antibiotic modifying activities of crude seed kernel methanol extract (MFS), fractions (MFSa-e) as well as 3′,4′,7-trihydroxyflavone from Myristica fragrans against a panel of multi-drug resistant (MDR) Gram-negative bacteria. (springermedizin.de)
- In the presence of Phenylalanine-Arginine-β-Naphthylamide (PAßN), an efflux pumps inhibitor, the activity of the extract increased on 73.33% (11/15) meanwhile that of 3′,4′,7-trihydroxyflavone increased on 100% tested bacteria. (springermedizin.de)
- Antibacterial and antibiotic-potentiation activities of the methanol extract of some Cameroonian spices against gram-negative multi-drug resistant phenotypes. (springermedizin.de)
- The antibacterial activity of the crude extract of the plant had been shown by a previous study, but this study was undertaken to further the claimed medicinal use of the plant by screening its solvent fractions for the said activity so that it could serve as a basis for subsequent studies. (biomedcentral.com)
- Antimicrobial activity, minimum inhibitory concentration and minimum bactericidal activity of the essential oil and extract was performed by agar disc diffusion and microdilution broth methods. (zjrms.ir)
- The extract obtained in late spring showed strong antibacterial activity against Aeromonas salmonicida subsp. (frontiersin.org)
- The aim of the current study is to investigate the antibacterial activity of Mentha Longifolia extract against commonly encountered pathogenic bacteria. (pharmascholars.com)
- The results showed that the cold water flower extract exhibited a relatively strong antimicrobial activity against both gram positive and gram negative bacteria tested. (pharmascholars.com)
- The ethanolic extract of M. Longifolia also showed good antibacterial activity against both gram positive and gram negative. (pharmascholars.com)
- Anita P, Sivasamy S, Madan Kumar PD, Balan IN, Ethiraj S. In vitro antibacterial activity of Camellia sinensis extract against cariogenic microorganisms. (jbclinpharm.org)
- Aim: The aim was to evaluate the in vitro antimicrobial activity of C. sinensis extract on S. mutans and L. acidophilus. (jbclinpharm.org)
- Phytochemical constituent and antioxidant activity of extract from the leaves of Ocimum gratissimum. (innovareacademics.in)
- The present study was designed to evaluate the phytochemical composition, antimicrobial and radical-scavenging activities of ethanolic extract of Primula denticulata - an important medicinal herb of Kashmir Himalaya. (ssjournals.com)
- Free radical scavenging activities of the extract was assessed by employing different in vitro assays such as DPPH free radical scavenging assay, hydrogen peroxide scavenging activity and lipid per oxidation assay. (ssjournals.com)
- Antibacterial activity of the extract was determined by agar well diffusion method. (ssjournals.com)
- DPPH free radical scavenging assay and hydrogen peroxide scavenging activity revealed plant extract to be an active radical scavenger. (ssjournals.com)
- The ethanolic extract showed anti-microbial activity which was visible as the zones of inhibition formed in the different cultures of Gram positive and Gram negative bacteria as well as in case of fungal cultures. (ssjournals.com)
- Ethyl acetate extracted samples measured maximum activity against the studies microbial species followed by the n-butanol and crude methanolic extract, n-hexane extracted samples inhibited the growth of all microbial species except P. aeruginosa and E. coli at lower concentration. (bvsalud.org)
- The propolis extract showed high activity with a higher percentage than 75% inhibition of tumor cells OVCAR-8, SF-295 and HCT116. (bvsalud.org)
- This study showed phytochemical composition and evaluates the anti-inflammatory, and analgesic activities of crude extract (CE) and fractions from E. uniflora Linn leaves. (biomedcentral.com)
- Verbena officinalis L. extract has strong antibacterial activity against Gram-negative bacteria, and further study is needed to clarify its antibacterial mechanism. (biomedres.info)
- The aqueous extract of Synechococcus elongatus was the best for isolation of antibacterial compounds and diethyl ether was an efficient solvent for the extraction of antimicrobial compounds from Fischerella ambigua species. (ac.ir)
- The results of the study revealed that ethanol extract has broad spectrum and strong activity than aqueous extract and ether extract. (rjptonline.org)
- Alcoholic and hydroalcoholic extract showed significant antibacterial activity than the aqueous extract but not up to the mark as compared to standard group indicating that the alcoholic and hydroalcoholic extract has the capability of extracting more phytochemicals than aqueous extract which are responsible for their antibacterial activity. (niscair.res.in)
- The osteogenic, cytotoxic, and antibacterial activities of polysaccharide (PS-SC) and flavonoid (F-SC) fractions isolated from the leaves extract of Saussurea controversa were studied in vitro. (elsevier.com)
- This review aims to provide a brief overview of the in vitro and in vivo studies that present the therapeutic potential of H. sabdariffa extract (HSE) and its bioactive substances in the treatment of cancer, bacterial, fungal, and parasitic diseases. (prolekare.cz)
- Characterization and in vitro antitumor, antibacterial and antifungal activities of green synthesized silver nanoparticles using cell extract of Nostoc sp. (canadianjbiotech.com)
- An aqueous extract of purslane has anti-anging activity. (greenmedinfo.com)
- Cochlospermum regium roots are used in popular medicine and its extract has diverse phytochemical molecules some with antimicrobial activity, consequently exposing this specie to genetic erosion risks. (scielo.br)
- We studied the diversity between particular isolates and determined phage sensitivity in vitro and in vivo in the Galleria mellonella insect model. (springer.com)
- We assumed that apart of in vitro phage activity testing, a simple and convenient wax moth larvae model should be applied for the evaluation of in vivo effectiveness of particular phage preparations. (springer.com)
- This broad in vitro activity has been confirmed in various in vivo models of infection ( 21 - 24 ). (asm.org)
- An ex vivo study evaluated the antibacterial effects of irrigating solutions and their combinations on 110 single-rooted human teeth inoculated with Enterococcus faecalis. (drugs.com)
- The results of the present study suggested that the effect of EENN seedpod and quercetin against the tested bacteria in vitro may contribute to the in vivo activities of the EENN seedpod and quercetin. (innovareacademics.in)
- To evaluate the immunomodulatory properties of F. prausnitzii we analyzed the anti-inflammatory effects of F. prausnitzii in both in vitro (cellular models) and in vivo [2,4,6-trinitrobenzenesulphonic acid (TNBS)-induced] colitis in mice. (pnas.org)
- 46 This effect has been more pronounced in vitro than in vivo , and cranberry juice has not been found to eradicate the most adherent bacteria. (sigmaaldrich.com)
- Omadacycline is distinct from older tetracyclines because it demonstrates in vitro activity against a relatively broad spectrum of organisms, including Gram-positive, Gram-negative, anaerobic, and atypical pathogens, and demonstrates similar in vitro activity against pathogens that express not only tetracycline resistance but resistance to other antibiotics, including methicillin, vancomycin, erythromycin, and ciprofloxacin ( 9 - 20 ). (asm.org)
- Thus, these new oxazolidinone analogs demonstrated in vitro antibacterial activities against a variety of clinically important human pathogens. (asm.org)
- However, it can be used individually since it has proved to have antibacterial activity and MIC could be determined for all five commonly encountered pathogens. (who.int)
- Saravanan, M., Vemu, A.K. and Barik, S.K. (2011) Rapid biosynthesis of silver nanoparticles from Bacillus megaterium (NCIM 2326) and their antibacterial activity on multi drug resistant clinical pathogens. (canadianjbiotech.com)
- Their antibacterial studies revealed that these complexes as well as the ligands could serve as possible antibacterial agents against pathogens. (scirp.org)
- In conclusion, the antibacterial activity of recombinant shrimp protein IntIP against Vibrio sp is at least equal to the values against the Gram-positive Micrococus luteus and more active against the shrimp pathogens V. alginolyticus and V. parahemolyticus. (scsio.ac.cn)
- Compounds having both anticancer and antimicrobial activity have promising therapeutic potential due to their selective cytotoxicity and their potential to reduce the occurrence of bacterial and fungal infections in immune-compromised cancer patients. (springer.com)
- Compounds 6a-c were tested in vitro by the conventional agar dilution method against a panel of microorganisms including gram-negative and gram-positive bacteria. (hindawi.com)
- The antimicrobial compounds responsible for the antibacterial activity were screened using standard methods. (academicjournals.org)
- The antibacterial compounds present in P. nurekis suspension exhibited thermostability. (vuzv.cz)
- The compounds 3a-j was subjected to antibacterial activity. (innovareacademics.in)
- Alizadeh Behbahani B, Tabatabaei Yazdi F, Fakhri S, Mortazavi S A, Mohebbi M. Investigation of Chemical Compounds and Antibacterial Activity of Tarragon (Artemisia dracunculus) Essential Oil on Some Pathogenic Bacteria In Vitro. (ac.ir)
- Antibacterial effect of phenolic compounds from different wines. (innovareacademics.in)
- Determination of antioxidant activity was performed using the DPPH assay (1.1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl), FTC (ferric thiocyanate) and determination of phenolic compounds by Follin method . (bvsalud.org)
- The antioxidant activity of the FTC method was 80% to 108.3% hydrogen peroxide kidnapping , the DPPH method showed an EC50 3.97 mg/mL, the content of total phenolic compounds was determined by calibration curve gallic acid , resulting from 0.0005 mg/100 g of gallic acid equivalent. (bvsalud.org)
- Due to increase in bacterial drug resistance, discovering new antibacterial compounds is really important. (ac.ir)
- Although the active constituents may occur in lower concentrations, endophytic fungi may be the better sources of new and effective antibacterial compounds than synthetic drugs to combat infectious diseases . (thefreelibrary.com)
- The researches goal were to isolate endophytic fungi from seaweeds, sea-worms, corals and sponges, to investigate their antibacterial activity against pathogen bacteria and to analyze phytochemical compounds of active metabolites and to identify the potential fungi. (thefreelibrary.com)
- Results showed that antibacterial and antifungal activity of the test samples increased with increase of their concentrations and the highest activity was obtained when the concentration of porphyrin compounds was 100 µg/mL. (scielo.br)
- Among these porphyrin compounds, CoP 1 displayed the highest antibacterial and antifungal activity, especially with a concentration of 100 µg/mL, against all the four tested bacteria and two fungi, and therefore it could be potential to be used as drug. (scielo.br)
- To provide novel quinolonecarboxylic acid compounds serving as safe, strong antibacterial agents that are effective against drug-resistant bacteria that are less susceptible to conventional antibacterial agents. (google.com)
- In the lab, one of the compounds in Sophora flavescens increased the activity of these antibiotics against oral bacteria. (mskcc.org)
- However, the synthesis and characterization as well as the in vitro antibacterial screening activity of organotin(IV) carboxylate derived of 2-amino-5-nitrobenzoic acid have not been carried out. (thescipub.com)
- Preparation and Characterization of Three Tilmicosin-loaded Lipid Nanoparticles: Physicochemical Properties and in-vitro Antibacterial Activities', Iranian Journal of Pharmaceutical Research , 15(4), pp. 663-676. (ac.ir)
- Venkatesh P. Synthesis, characterization and antimicrobial activity of various schiff base complexes of Zn (II) and Cu (II) ions. (innovareacademics.in)
- Avaji PG, Vinod Kumar CH, Patil SA, Shivananda KN, Nagaraju C. Synthesis, spectral characterization, in-vitro microbiological evaluation and cytotoxic activities of novel macrocyclic bis hydrazine. (innovareacademics.in)
- Golcu A, Tumer M, Demirelli H, Wheatley R. Cd(II) and Cu(II) complexes of polydentate Schiff base ligands: synthesis, characterization, properties and biological activity. (innovareacademics.in)
- S. S. Kumar and N. Nagarajan, "Screening of preliminary phytochemical constituents and antimicrobial activity of Adiantum capillus veneris ," Journal of Research in Antimicrobial , vol. 1, no. 1, pp. 56-61, 2012. (hindawi.com)
- 6. Kumaraswamy MV, Kavitha HU, Sathish S. Antibacterial evaluation and phytochemical analysis of Betula utilis against some human pathogenic bacteria. (innovareacademics.in)
- Antimicrobial activity and phytochemical screening of Pterospermum reticulatum wight and arn. (innovareacademics.in)
- Abstract The study aimed to evaluate the antimicrobial activity, antioxidant, toxicity and phytochemical screening of the Red Propolis Alagoas. (bvsalud.org)
- While many studies have investigated E. uniflora , few studies have examined a possible correlation between the phytochemical composition of this dicotyledonous plant and its biological activities. (biomedcentral.com)
- The phytochemical and pharmacological activities of various parts of H. sabdariffa have been evaluated including antioxidant, antidiabetic, anti-inflammatory, antimicrobial, and anticancer properties 5-7) . (prolekare.cz)
- In-vitro phytochemical and antibacterial activity of Abies cilicica subsp. (thefreedictionary.com)
- Drug resistance threatens effective management of an increasing rate of microbial infections particularly in low income countries where there is limited access of antimicrobials hence this study was conducted to investigate the antibacterial and antifungal activity of Tanzanian Bersama abyssinica. (ijsr.net)
- MnP and CoP complexes exhibited much higher antibacterial and antifungal activity than P 1 -P 4 ligands. (scielo.br)
- But the statins differ markedly in their ability to inhibit fungi, which "suggests that rational, structure-based modifications to current statins have the potential to dramatically increase their antifungal activity," Dr. Akins said. (medpagetoday.com)
- In Vitro Antifungal Activity of Statins. (medpagetoday.com)
- In our quest to find new antimicrobial agents with potent anticancer activity, the biological potential of leaves from the three medicinal plants Centella asiatica , Warburgia salutaris and Curtisia dentata as used by Zulu traditional healers for the treatment of cancer is investigated. (springer.com)
- Lab studies show anticancer activities through different mechanisms, but this use has not been proven by clinical trials. (mskcc.org)
- 1.0 wt % showed not only good antibacterial activity but also good in vitro cell compatibility. (biomedsearch.com)
- The principle focus is on naturally occurring substance and their derivatives especially flavonoids present in plants which are reported to possess good antibacterial activity. (pharmascholars.com)
- There are provided 7-(4-substituted-3-cyclopropylaminomethylpyrrolidinyl)quinolonecarboxylic acid derivatives (such as 1-cyclopropyl-7-[(3S,4S)-3-cyclopropylaminomethyl-4-fluoro-1-pyrrolidinyl]-6-fluoro-1,4-dihydro-8-methoxy-4-oxo-3-quinolinecarboxylic acid) that exhibit strong antibacterial activity against gram-positive bacteria, such as MRSA, PRSP and VRE, while being safe. (google.com)
- Biohesive Ag was regarded as a slow-release Ag dressing, showing the lowest cytotoxicity, while the antibacterial activity was classified as "strong" or "significant" against the two species of bacteria. (dovepress.com)
- The methanol and chloroform fractions demonstrated significant antibacterial activities against the growth of pathogenic bacteria but the aqueous fraction did not reveal antibacterial activity against any of the test bacteria. (biomedcentral.com)
- Although the antibacterial properties of C. vulgaris have been reported, the interactions of P. nurekis with bacteria have not been determined yet. (vuzv.cz)
- The aim of this study was to elucidate the effect of P. nurekis water suspension on growth of selected gastrointestinal bacteria in vitro so that it could be used as a suitable feed supplement in animal farming. (vuzv.cz)
- Conclusion: Green tea has antibacterial activity against predominant cariogenic bacteria namely S. mutans and L. acidophilus. (jbclinpharm.org)
- Staphylococci resulted the Gram-positives most sensitive to chlorquinaldol, with MIC-values ranging from 0.016 to 0.5 mg/L. A lower activity was observed against Gram-negative bacteria, with 77% of the isolates being inhibited at concentrations ranging from 128 to 512 mg/L. Generally, in time-kill studies, chlorquinaldol showed a bactericidal activity at the higher concentrations (2×, 4× MIC) after 24-48 h of incubation. (frontiersin.org)
- The purpose of this in vitro study was to investigate the antimicrobial activity of a titanium oxide (Ti02) nano-composite which was prepared with different antibacterial substances and used as restoratives in dentistry to combat certain selected bacteria that are considered the principle causes of some tooth diseases, for example, tooth decay and to prevent unsuccessful dental restoration. (cput.ac.za)
- Garenoxacin and moxifloxacin demonstrated similar in vitro antimicrobial activity against selected anaerobic gram-positive and gram-negative anaerobic bacteria such as members of the Bacteroides fragilis group. (nih.gov)
- Removing the bacteria, including Enterococcus faecalis, from the root canal is one of the important aims in endodontic treatment.We aimed to compare the antibacterial activity of Chlorhexidine with two natural drugs. (ijmcmed.org)
- The antibacterial activity of 26 plants was studied by disk diffusion, well, and MIC methods in compare with 13 standard antibiotics against S. aureus and E. coli as control bacteria. (ac.ir)
- Totally, seven pathogenic bacteria species were selected for antibacterial activity. (thefreelibrary.com)
- The present work aimed to find out the antibacterial activity of Nymphaea nouchali flower on human and plant pathogenic bacteria. (biomedcentral.com)
- Selective antimicrobial activity of maggots against pathogenic bacteria. (wikipedia.org)
- Phaeobacter gallaeciensis can antagonize fish-pathogenic bacteria in vitro, and the purpose of this study was to evaluate the organism as a probiont for marine fish larvae and their feed cultures. (bibsys.no)
- We determined quantitatively the antibacterial activity of the virus-resistant shrimp (Marsupenaeus japonicus) recombinant protein IntIP against three Gram-negative bacteria: Vibrio alginolyticus, Vibrio parahemolyticus and Vibrio vulnificus, using a turbidmetric assay with live bacteria and differential bacterial viable count after interaction with the protein. (scsio.ac.cn)
- To reduce the development of drug-resistant bacteria and maintain the effectiveness of PYLERA and other antibacterial drugs, PYLERA should be used only to treat or prevent infections that are proven or strongly suspected to be caused by bacteria. (nih.gov)
- 43 Against specific bacteria, cranberry proanthocyanidins and flavonols inhibited the growth of Streptococcus mutans 37 and cranberry phenolics showed antibacterial activity against Helicobacter pylori 31 . (sigmaaldrich.com)
- The antibacterial drug Cipro was very effective in suppressing colony growth of gram-negative and -positive bacteria as identified via an inhibition zone assay. (thno.org)
- To investigate the influence of pH on the size and distribution of silver nanoparticles (Ag-NPs) as well as the antibacterial activity and catalytic performance of rice straw/silver nanocomposites (RS/Ag-NCs), Ag-NPs were synthesized on the surface of rice straw (RS) with various percentages of Ag-NPs (1.0, 5.0, 10.0, and 20.0 wt. (ncsu.edu)
- Generally, the wax moth model results confirmed the data from in vitro assays, but in massive infection of CF isolates, the application of lytic phages probably led to the release of toxic compound causing an increase in larvae mortality. (springer.com)
- The CE and fractions from the studied E. uniflora Linn leaves exhibited antibacterial, anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, and analgesic activity in the performed assays. (biomedcentral.com)
- Evaluation of antibacterial and antioxidant activities of different plant parts of Rumex vesicarius L. (Polygonaceae). (journaljamb.com)
- Overall, the in vitro activity of the advanced spectrum quinolones against anaerobic surgical isolates compared favourably with selected comparator agents, metronidazole, imipenem and piperacillin/tazobactam. (nih.gov)
- The present study was conducted to evaluate the in vitro antibacterial properties of roots of G. glabra against multidrug resistant clinical isolates of E. coli. (rjptonline.org)
- Among all the maximum activity was seen for Escherichia coli with inhibition zone diameter of 23.53 3.71mm followed by Klebsiella pneumoniae with inhibition zone diameter of 20.74 3.33mm. (ssjournals.com)
- Quotable homeopathic research on cocaine use, alcohol craving, in vitro Escherichia coli. (hpathy.com)
- The antibacterial activities were determined by agar dilution method, and the two-drug antibacterial activities were determined by the checkerboard agar dilution method. (mdpi.com)
- The antibacterial activity of the solvent fractions was evaluated on seven bacterial species using agar well diffusion method at different concentrations (78 mg/well, 39 mg/well and 19.5 mg/well) in the presence of positive and negative controls. (biomedcentral.com)
- Antibacterial activity was evaluated based on minimum inhibitory concentrations (MICs) determined using the agar dilution method. (biomedcentral.com)
- The antimicrobial activity was determined by agar well diffusion assay. (ac.ir)
- The antibacterial activity was carried out with agar well diffusion method. (rjptonline.org)
- In microbiological tests, S. aureus was about 4 times more sensitive than E. coli to TLM-LNPs with minimum inhibitory concentration ranges of 0.5-1.0 and 2-4 µg/ml, respectively, and TLM-LNCs exhibited the best antibacterial activities. (ac.ir)
- Aqueous fractions showed inhibitory activity against B. subtilis, K. pneumonia and C. albicans. (bvsalud.org)
- found that the HSP90 inhibitory action and the potent antitumor activity, with the anti-HSR action, promise X66 a novel HSP90-targeted agent, which merits further research and development. (selleckchem.com)
- Various maceration and production methods have been shown to significantly affect the chemical composition, total antioxidant activity, acidity, and phenolic content of apple cider vinegar. (drugs.com)
- IMSEAR at SEARO: Determination of antibacterial activity of polyenzyme preparations Gumseb using in vitro methods. (who.int)
- Joshi A, Shahane V, Gore V, Kagal A, Risbud S, Bharadwaj R. Determination of antibacterial activity of polyenzyme preparations Gumseb using in vitro methods. (who.int)
- Methods for in vitro evaluating antimicrobial activity: A review. (nih.gov)
- Therefore, a greater attention has been paid to antimicrobial activity screening and evaluating methods. (nih.gov)
- In this review article, an exhaustive list of in vitro antimicrobial susceptibility testing methods and detailed information on their advantages and limitations are reported. (nih.gov)
- This study aimed to formulate and evaluate physicochemical properties, storage stability after lyophilization and antibacterial activity of three TLM-loaded lipid nanoparticles (TLM-LNPs) including solid lipid nanoparticles (SLNs), nanostructured lipid carriers (NLCs) and lipid-core nanocapsules (LNCs). (ac.ir)
- New tetracycline derivatives that inhibit resistant organisms have been approved or are in development, including the glycylcyclines and specifically tigecycline, and fluorocyclines, including eravacycline (TP-434), and both tigecycline and eravacycline have potent Gram-positive and Gram-negative in vitro activity ( 3 - 6 ). (asm.org)
- Triphenyltin(IV) are found to possess better in vitro antibacterial screening activity on two gram-positive bacterial compared to the parent acid. (thescipub.com)
- Garenoxacin exhibited greater antimicrobial activity than comparator quinolones such as ciprofloxacin, levofloxacin and other antimicrobials when tested against selected gram-positive organisms. (nih.gov)
- Possible chemopreventive mechanisms of action by cranberry phytochemicals include induction of apoptosis in tumor cells, cell cycle arrest, reduced ornithine decarboxylase activity, decreased expression of matrix metalloproteinases associated with prostate tumor metastasis, and anti-inflammatory activities including inhibition of cyclooxygenases. (sigmaaldrich.com)
- Here, the in vitro antibacterial activity, the easy handling and the absence of adverse effects on marine fish species are reported. (frontiersin.org)
- The Boswellia frereana collected from Somalia showed lower activity compared with the two other Boswellia species. (elsevier.com)
- Conclusion: Two species of cyanobacteria Fischerella ambigua and Synechococcus elongatus were found with significant antimicrobial activity. (ac.ir)
- Chemical composition and antimicrobial activity of the essential oils from two species of Thymus growing wild in southern Italy. (nih.gov)
- One species contains chemicals with in vitro antibacterial activity. (wikipedia.org)
- However, the antibacterial activity was classified as "significant" or "no activity" for P. aeruginosa and S. aureus , respectively. (dovepress.com)
- PolyMem Ag showed the lowest Ag + release, and the antibacterial activity classified as "significant' or 'no activity" for S. aureus and P. aeruginosa , respectively, whereas the cytotoxicity was similar to those of Aquacel Ag and Algisite Ag. (dovepress.com)
- The Aloe vera gel also showed significant antibacterial effect on S.aureus and S.mutans. (ijmcmed.org)
- The antibacterial effect of Aloe vera on S. aureus and S. mutans is low (MIC ≥ 2250 µg/ml). (ijmcmed.org)
- For example, the marine fungus Fasciatispora nypae had antimicrobial activity for Escherchia coli, Bacillus subtilis, Staphyloccous aureus, Candida albicans, Schizosaccharomyces pombe . (thefreelibrary.com)
- This study evaluated the in vitro antibacterial activity and cytotoxicity of various commercially available silver-containing dressings (Ag dressing). (dovepress.com)
- The cytotoxicity was not a monotonic function of the antibacterial activity among the Ag dressings and could not be simply explained by Ag + -release properties. (dovepress.com)
- 1.0% were free of in vitro cytotoxicity. (biomedsearch.com)
- In vitro analyses of PVA/Cipro/hFDM show little cytotoxicity of ciprofloxacin, stability of hFDM, rich fibronectin in hFDM, and good cell attachment, respectively. (thno.org)
- In addition, minimum bactericidal concentrations (MBC), lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) release assay and rhodamine 6G intake assay were used to ascertain the antibacterial activity. (springer.com)
- Antioxidant activity was determined by DPPH [1, 1-Diphenyl-2-picryl hydrazyl] assay and expressed with Ascorbic acid. (nepjol.info)
- Prasad PSH, Ramakrishnan N. In vitro lipid peroxidation assay of Rumex vesicarius L. International Journal of Pharmaceuticals and Pharmacological Sciences. (journaljamb.com)