An order of the ANGIOSPERMS, subclass Rosidae. Its members include some of the most known ornamental and edible plants of temperate zones including roses, apples, cherries, and peaches.
The fleshy or dry ripened ovary of a plant, enclosing the seed or seeds.
Diseases of plants.
A localized proliferation of plant tissue forming a swelling or outgrowth, commonly with a characteristic shape and unlike any organ of the normal plant. Plant tumors or galls usually form in response to the action of a pathogen or a pest. (Holliday, P., A Dictionary of Plant Pathology, 1989, p330)
A genus of gram-negative, aerobic bacteria, in the family XANTHOMONADACEAE. It is found in the xylem of plant tissue.
A genus of gram negative, aerobic, rod-shaped bacteria found in soil, plants, and marine mud.
Expanded structures, usually green, of vascular plants, characteristically consisting of a bladelike expansion attached to a stem, and functioning as the principal organ of photosynthesis and transpiration. (American Heritage Dictionary, 2d ed)
Plant tissue that carries water up the root and stem. Xylem cell walls derive most of their strength from LIGNIN. The vessels are similar to PHLOEM sieve tubes but lack companion cells and do not have perforated sides and pores.
Any of the processes by which nuclear, cytoplasmic, or intercellular factors influence the differential control of gene action in plants.
Proteins found in plants (flowers, herbs, shrubs, trees, etc.). The concept does not include proteins found in vegetables for which VEGETABLE PROTEINS is available.
A group of FLAVONOIDS derived from FLAVONOLS, which lack the ketone oxygen at the 4-position. They are glycosylated versions of cyanidin, pelargonidin or delphinidin. The conjugated bonds result in blue, red, and purple colors in flowers of plants.
A genus of gram-negative, aerobic, rod-shaped bacteria that activate PLANT ROOT NODULATION in leguminous plants. Members of this genus are nitrogen-fixing and common soil inhabitants.
Eukaryotes in the group STRAMENOPILES, formerly considered FUNGI, whose exact taxonomic level is unsettled. Many consider Oomycetes (Oomycota) a phylum in the kingdom Stramenopila, or alternatively, as Pseudofungi in the phylum Heterokonta of the kingdom Chromista. They are morphologically similar to fungi but have no close phylogenetic relationship to them. Oomycetes are found in both fresh and salt water as well as in terrestrial environments. (Alexopoulos et al., Introductory Mycology, 4th ed, pp683-4). They produce flagellated, actively motile spores (zoospores) that are pathogenic to many crop plants and FISHES.
A plant family of the order Rhamnales, subclass Rosidae, class Magnoliopsida, best known for the VITIS genus, the source of grapes.
The genetic complement of a plant (PLANTS) as represented in its DNA.
The functional hereditary units of PLANTS.
Parts of plants that usually grow vertically upwards towards the light and support the leaves, buds, and reproductive structures. (From Concise Dictionary of Biology, 1990)
A genus of OOMYCETES in the family Peronosporaceae. Most species are obligatory parasites and many are plant pathogens.
Dimers and oligomers of flavan-3-ol units (CATECHIN analogs) linked mainly through C4 to C8 bonds to leucoanthocyanidins. They are structurally similar to ANTHOCYANINS but are the result of a different fork in biosynthetic pathways.
A phylum of fungi which have cross-walls or septa in the mycelium. The perfect state is characterized by the formation of a saclike cell (ascus) containing ascospores. Most pathogenic fungi with a known perfect state belong to this phylum.
Exudate from seeds of the grape plant Vitis vinifera, composed of oils and secondary plant metabolites (BIOFLAVONOIDS and polyphenols) credited with important medicinal properties.
Organisms, biological agents, or biologically-derived agents used strategically for their positive or adverse effect on the physiology and/or reproductive health of other organisms.
Fermented juice of fresh grapes or of other fruit or plant products used as a beverage.
A family of plant viruses containing the largest single-stranded RNA genomes. Infections typically involve yellowing and necrosis, particularly affecting the phloem.
The relationships of groups of organisms as reflected by their genetic makeup.
Deoxyribonucleic acid that makes up the genetic material of plants.
Ribonucleic acid in plants having regulatory and catalytic roles as well as involvement in protein synthesis.
Organic compounds that contain 1,2-diphenylethylene as a functional group.
Partial cDNA (DNA, COMPLEMENTARY) sequences that are unique to the cDNAs from which they were derived.
The loss of water vapor by plants to the atmosphere. It occurs mainly from the leaves through pores (stomata) whose primary function is gas exchange. The water is replaced by a continuous column of water moving upwards from the roots within the xylem vessels. (Concise Dictionary of Biology, 1990)
A cell wall-degrading enzyme found in microorganisms and higher plants. It catalyzes the random hydrolysis of 1,4-alpha-D-galactosiduronic linkages in pectate and other galacturonans. EC
A family of RNA plant viruses that infect a wide range of herbaceous and woody plant species. There are at least eight genera including POTEXVIRUS and CARLAVIRUS, both of which are highly immunogenic.
A multistage process that includes cloning, physical mapping, subcloning, determination of the DNA SEQUENCE, and information analysis.
Descriptions of specific amino acid, carbohydrate, or nucleotide sequences which have appeared in the published literature and/or are deposited in and maintained by databanks such as GENBANK, European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), National Biomedical Research Foundation (NBRF), or other sequence repositories.
An endosymbiont that is either a bacterium or fungus living part of its life in a plant. Endophytes can benefit host plants by preventing pathogenic organisms from colonizing them.
A plant genus of the family RUBIACEAE. It is best known for the COFFEE beverage prepared from the beans (SEEDS).
The usually underground portions of a plant that serve as support, store food, and through which water and mineral nutrients enter the plant. (From American Heritage Dictionary, 1982; Concise Dictionary of Biology, 1990)
A plant genus in the family ROSACEAE and order Rosales. This should not be confused with the genus RHODIOLA which is sometimes called roseroot.
A plant genus of the family ERICACEAE known for species with edible fruits.
New immature growth of a plant including stem, leaves, tips of branches, and SEEDLINGS.
A species of gram-negative, aerobic bacteria isolated from soil and the stems, leafs, and roots of plants. Some biotypes are pathogenic and cause the formation of PLANT TUMORS in a wide variety of higher plants. The species is a major research tool in biotechnology.
A large order of insects characterized by having the mouth parts adapted to piercing or sucking. It is comprised of four suborders: HETEROPTERA, Auchenorrhyncha, Sternorrhyncha, and Coleorrhyncha.
A structure found in plants, fungi, and algae, that produces and contains spores.
Members of the group of vascular plants which bear flowers. They are differentiated from GYMNOSPERMS by their production of seeds within a closed chamber (OVARY, PLANT). The Angiosperms division is composed of two classes, the monocotyledons (Liliopsida) and dicotyledons (Magnoliopsida). Angiosperms represent approximately 80% of all known living plants.
A clear, odorless, tasteless liquid that is essential for most animal and plant life and is an excellent solvent for many substances. The chemical formula is hydrogen oxide (H2O). (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)
A mitosporic Leotiales fungal genus of plant pathogens. It has teleomorphs in the genus Botryotina.
A plant genus of the family ERICACEAE.
Prolonged dry periods in natural climate cycle. They are slow-onset phenomena caused by rainfall deficit combined with other predisposing factors.
Polyphenolic compounds with molecular weights of around 500-3000 daltons and containing enough hydroxyl groups (1-2 per 100 MW) for effective cross linking of other compounds (ASTRINGENTS). The two main types are HYDROLYZABLE TANNINS and CONDENSED TANNINS. Historically, the term has applied to many compounds and plant extracts able to render skin COLLAGEN impervious to degradation. The word tannin derives from the Celtic word for OAK TREE which was used for leather processing.
A group of 3-hydroxy-4-keto-FLAVONOIDS.
The inherent or induced capacity of plants to withstand or ward off biological attack by pathogens.
Cellular processes in biosynthesis (anabolism) and degradation (catabolism) of CARBOHYDRATES.
Closable openings in the epidermis of plants on the underside of leaves. They allow the exchange of gases between the internal tissues of the plant and the outside atmosphere.
The interactions between a host and a pathogen, usually resulting in disease.
The parts of plants, including SEEDS.
A plant genus of the family SALICACEAE. Balm of Gilead is a common name used for P. candicans, or P. gileadensis, or P. jackii, and sometimes also used for ABIES BALSAMEA or for COMMIPHORA.
Sets of enzymatic reactions occurring in organisms and that form biochemicals by making new covalent bonds.
Mapping of the linear order of genes on a chromosome with units indicating their distances by using methods other than genetic recombination. These methods include nucleotide sequencing, overlapping deletions in polytene chromosomes, and electron micrography of heteroduplex DNA. (From King & Stansfield, A Dictionary of Genetics, 5th ed)
A plant genus of the family SOLANACEAE. Members contain NICOTINE and other biologically active chemicals; its dried leaves are used for SMOKING.
The arrangement of two or more amino acid or base sequences from an organism or organisms in such a way as to align areas of the sequences sharing common properties. The degree of relatedness or homology between the sequences is predicted computationally or statistically based on weights assigned to the elements aligned between the sequences. This in turn can serve as a potential indicator of the genetic relatedness between the organisms.
The determination of the pattern of genes expressed at the level of GENETIC TRANSCRIPTION, under specific circumstances or in a specific cell.
The encapsulated embryos of flowering plants. They are used as is or for animal feed because of the high content of concentrated nutrients like starches, proteins, and fats. Rapeseed, cottonseed, and sunflower seed are also produced for the oils (fats) they yield.
A natural association between organisms that is detrimental to at least one of them. This often refers to the production of chemicals by one microorganism that is harmful to another.
The reproductive organs of plants.
A thin layer of cells forming the outer integument of seed plants and ferns. (Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)
Complex nucleoprotein structures which contain the genomic DNA and are part of the CELL NUCLEUS of PLANTS.
The synthesis by organisms of organic chemical compounds, especially carbohydrates, from carbon dioxide using energy obtained from light rather than from the oxidation of chemical compounds. Photosynthesis comprises two separate processes: the light reactions and the dark reactions. In higher plants; GREEN ALGAE; and CYANOBACTERIA; NADPH and ATP formed by the light reactions drive the dark reactions which result in the fixation of carbon dioxide. (from Oxford Dictionary of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, 2001)
Eighteen-carbon cyclopentyl polyunsaturated fatty acids derived from ALPHA-LINOLENIC ACID via an oxidative pathway analogous to the EICOSANOIDS in animals. Biosynthesis is inhibited by SALICYLATES. A key member, jasmonic acid of PLANTS, plays a similar role to ARACHIDONIC ACID in animals.
DNA constructs that are composed of, at least, a REPLICATION ORIGIN, for successful replication, propagation to and maintenance as an extra chromosome in bacteria. In addition, they can carry large amounts (about 200 kilobases) of other sequence for a variety of bioengineering purposes.
Concentrated pharmaceutical preparations of plants obtained by removing active constituents with a suitable solvent, which is evaporated away, and adjusting the residue to a prescribed standard.
The order of amino acids as they occur in a polypeptide chain. This is referred to as the primary structure of proteins. It is of fundamental importance in determining PROTEIN CONFORMATION.
A group of alicyclic hydrocarbons with the general formula R-C5H9.
PLANTS, or their progeny, whose GENOME has been altered by GENETIC ENGINEERING.
The unconsolidated mineral or organic matter on the surface of the earth that serves as a natural medium for the growth of land plants.
Single-stranded complementary DNA synthesized from an RNA template by the action of RNA-dependent DNA polymerase. cDNA (i.e., complementary DNA, not circular DNA, not C-DNA) is used in a variety of molecular cloning experiments as well as serving as a specific hybridization probe.
Deoxyribonucleic acid that makes up the genetic material of CHLOROPLASTS.
The restriction of a characteristic behavior, anatomical structure or physical system, such as immune response; metabolic response, or gene or gene variant to the members of one species. It refers to that property which differentiates one species from another but it is also used for phylogenetic levels higher or lower than the species.
The presence of two or more genetic loci on the same chromosome. Extensions of this original definition refer to the similarity in content and organization between chromosomes, of different species for example.
Genotypic differences observed among individuals in a population.
Overlapping of cloned or sequenced DNA to construct a continuous region of a gene, chromosome or genome.
The sequence of PURINES and PYRIMIDINES in nucleic acids and polynucleotides. It is also called nucleotide sequence.
Multicellular, eukaryotic life forms of kingdom Plantae (sensu lato), comprising the VIRIDIPLANTAE; RHODOPHYTA; and GLAUCOPHYTA; all of which acquired chloroplasts by direct endosymbiosis of CYANOBACTERIA. They are characterized by a mainly photosynthetic mode of nutrition; essentially unlimited growth at localized regions of cell divisions (MERISTEMS); cellulose within cells providing rigidity; the absence of organs of locomotion; absence of nervous and sensory systems; and an alternation of haploid and diploid generations.
The process of cumulative change at the level of DNA; RNA; and PROTEINS, over successive generations.
A set of genes descended by duplication and variation from some ancestral gene. Such genes may be clustered together on the same chromosome or dispersed on different chromosomes. Examples of multigene families include those that encode the hemoglobins, immunoglobulins, histocompatibility antigens, actins, tubulins, keratins, collagens, heat shock proteins, salivary glue proteins, chorion proteins, cuticle proteins, yolk proteins, and phaseolins, as well as histones, ribosomal RNA, and transfer RNA genes. The latter three are examples of reiterated genes, where hundreds of identical genes are present in a tandem array. (King & Stanfield, A Dictionary of Genetics, 4th ed)
A phenotypically recognizable genetic trait which can be used to identify a genetic locus, a linkage group, or a recombination event.
A group of plant cells that are capable of dividing infinitely and whose main function is the production of new growth at the growing tip of a root or stem. (From Concise Dictionary of Biology, 1990)
A group of phenyl benzopyrans named for having structures like FLAVONES.
Any of the hormones produced naturally in plants and active in controlling growth and other functions. There are three primary classes: auxins, cytokinins, and gibberellins.
Abscission-accelerating plant growth substance isolated from young cotton fruit, leaves of sycamore, birch, and other plants, and from potatoes, lemons, avocados, and other fruits.
A variety of simple repeat sequences that are distributed throughout the GENOME. They are characterized by a short repeat unit of 2-8 basepairs that is repeated up to 100 times. They are also known as short tandem repeats (STRs).
The degree of similarity between sequences of amino acids. This information is useful for the analyzing genetic relatedness of proteins and species.
A plant genus of the family BRASSICACEAE that contains ARABIDOPSIS PROTEINS and MADS DOMAIN PROTEINS. The species A. thaliana is used for experiments in classical plant genetics as well as molecular genetic studies in plant physiology, biochemistry, and development.
A set of statistical methods used to group variables or observations into strongly inter-related subgroups. In epidemiology, it may be used to analyze a closely grouped series of events or cases of disease or other health-related phenomenon with well-defined distribution patterns in relation to time or place or both.
Any method used for determining the location of and relative distances between genes on a chromosome.
Enzymes from the transferase class that catalyze the transfer of acyl groups from donor to acceptor, forming either esters or amides. (From Enzyme Nomenclature 1992) EC 2.3.
The addition of descriptive information about the function or structure of a molecular sequence to its MOLECULAR SEQUENCE DATA record.
The insertion of recombinant DNA molecules from prokaryotic and/or eukaryotic sources into a replicating vehicle, such as a plasmid or virus vector, and the introduction of the resultant hybrid molecules into recipient cells without altering the viability of those cells.
Benzene derivatives that include one or more hydroxyl groups attached to the ring structure.
A test used to determine whether or not complementation (compensation in the form of dominance) will occur in a cell with a given mutant phenotype when another mutant genome, encoding the same mutant phenotype, is introduced into that cell.
A plant genus in the family VITACEAE, order Rhamnales, subclass Rosidae. It is a woody vine cultivated worldwide. It is best known for grapes, the edible fruit and used to make WINE and raisins.
An absence of warmth or heat or a temperature notably below an accustomed norm.
The science, art or practice of cultivating soil, producing crops, and raising livestock.
The unfavorable effect of environmental factors (stressors) on the physiological functions of an organism. Prolonged unresolved physiological stress can affect HOMEOSTASIS of the organism, and may lead to damaging or pathological conditions.
Deoxyribonucleic acid that makes up the genetic material of bacteria.
A large collection of DNA fragments cloned (CLONING, MOLECULAR) from a given organism, tissue, organ, or cell type. It may contain complete genomic sequences (GENOMIC LIBRARY) or complementary DNA sequences, the latter being formed from messenger RNA and lacking intron sequences.
Hybridization of a nucleic acid sample to a very large set of OLIGONUCLEOTIDE PROBES, which have been attached individually in columns and rows to a solid support, to determine a BASE SEQUENCE, or to detect variations in a gene sequence, GENE EXPRESSION, or for GENE MAPPING.
The genetic constitution of the individual, comprising the ALLELES present at each GENETIC LOCUS.
Divisions of the year according to some regularly recurrent phenomena usually astronomical or climatic. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)
Naturally occurring or synthetic substances that inhibit or retard the oxidation of a substance to which it is added. They counteract the harmful and damaging effects of oxidation in animal tissues.
Mathematical procedure that transforms a number of possibly correlated variables into a smaller number of uncorrelated variables called principal components.
The pattern of GENE EXPRESSION at the level of genetic transcription in a specific organism or under specific circumstances in specific cells.
The outward appearance of the individual. It is the product of interactions between genes, and between the GENOTYPE and the environment.
The outermost layer of a cell in most PLANTS; BACTERIA; FUNGI; and ALGAE. The cell wall is usually a rigid structure that lies external to the CELL MEMBRANE, and provides a protective barrier against physical or chemical agents.
The systematic study of the complete DNA sequences (GENOME) of organisms.
A field of biology concerned with the development of techniques for the collection and manipulation of biological data, and the use of such data to make biological discoveries or predictions. This field encompasses all computational methods and theories for solving biological problems including manipulation of models and datasets.
Liquid chromatographic techniques which feature high inlet pressures, high sensitivity, and high speed.
A sequence of amino acids in a polypeptide or of nucleotides in DNA or RNA that is similar across multiple species. A known set of conserved sequences is represented by a CONSENSUS SEQUENCE. AMINO ACID MOTIFS are often composed of conserved sequences.
The movement of materials (including biochemical substances and drugs) through a biological system at the cellular level. The transport can be across cell membranes and epithelial layers. It also can occur within intracellular compartments and extracellular compartments.
In vitro method for producing large amounts of specific DNA or RNA fragments of defined length and sequence from small amounts of short oligonucleotide flanking sequences (primers). The essential steps include thermal denaturation of the double-stranded target molecules, annealing of the primers to their complementary sequences, and extension of the annealed primers by enzymatic synthesis with DNA polymerase. The reaction is efficient, specific, and extremely sensitive. Uses for the reaction include disease diagnosis, detection of difficult-to-isolate pathogens, mutation analysis, genetic testing, DNA sequencing, and analyzing evolutionary relationships.
Mutagenesis where the mutation is caused by the introduction of foreign DNA sequences into a gene or extragenic sequence. This may occur spontaneously in vivo or be experimentally induced in vivo or in vitro. Proviral DNA insertions into or adjacent to a cellular proto-oncogene can interrupt GENETIC TRANSLATION of the coding sequences or interfere with recognition of regulatory elements and cause unregulated expression of the proto-oncogene resulting in tumor formation.
The systematic study of the complete complement of proteins (PROTEOME) of organisms.
The degree of pathogenicity within a group or species of microorganisms or viruses as indicated by case fatality rates and/or the ability of the organism to invade the tissues of the host. The pathogenic capacity of an organism is determined by its VIRULENCE FACTORS.
Any of the processes by which nuclear, cytoplasmic, or intercellular factors influence the differential control of gene action during the developmental stages of an organism.
The capacity of a normal organism to remain unaffected by microorganisms and their toxins. It results from the presence of naturally occurring ANTI-INFECTIVE AGENTS, constitutional factors such as BODY TEMPERATURE and immediate acting immune cells such as NATURAL KILLER CELLS.
A single nucleotide variation in a genetic sequence that occurs at appreciable frequency in the population.
A variation of the PCR technique in which cDNA is made from RNA via reverse transcription. The resultant cDNA is then amplified using standard PCR protocols.
Constituent of 30S subunit prokaryotic ribosomes containing 1600 nucleotides and 21 proteins. 16S rRNA is involved in initiation of polypeptide synthesis.
A sequence of successive nucleotide triplets that are read as CODONS specifying AMINO ACIDS and begin with an INITIATOR CODON and end with a stop codon (CODON, TERMINATOR).
The biosynthesis of RNA carried out on a template of DNA. The biosynthesis of DNA from an RNA template is called REVERSE TRANSCRIPTION.
The property of objects that determines the direction of heat flow when they are placed in direct thermal contact. The temperature is the energy of microscopic motions (vibrational and translational) of the particles of atoms.
Short sequences (generally about 10 base pairs) of DNA that are complementary to sequences of messenger RNA and allow reverse transcriptases to start copying the adjacent sequences of mRNA. Primers are used extensively in genetic and molecular biology techniques.
The regular and simultaneous occurrence in a single interbreeding population of two or more discontinuous genotypes. The concept includes differences in genotypes ranging in size from a single nucleotide site (POLYMORPHISM, SINGLE NUCLEOTIDE) to large nucleotide sequences visible at a chromosomal level.
Proteins found in any species of bacterium.
Any of the processes by which cytoplasmic or intercellular factors influence the differential control of gene action in bacteria.
Endogenous substances, usually proteins, which are effective in the initiation, stimulation, or termination of the genetic transcription process.
Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.
Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of biological processes or diseases. For disease models in living animals, DISEASE MODELS, ANIMAL is available. Biological models include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.
RNA sequences that serve as templates for protein synthesis. Bacterial mRNAs are generally primary transcripts in that they do not require post-transcriptional processing. Eukaryotic mRNA is synthesized in the nucleus and must be exported to the cytoplasm for translation. Most eukaryotic mRNAs have a sequence of polyadenylic acid at the 3' end, referred to as the poly(A) tail. The function of this tail is not known for certain, but it may play a role in the export of mature mRNA from the nucleus as well as in helping stabilize some mRNA molecules by retarding their degradation in the cytoplasm.
The intracellular transfer of information (biological activation/inhibition) through a signal pathway. In each signal transduction system, an activation/inhibition signal from a biologically active molecule (hormone, neurotransmitter) is mediated via the coupling of a receptor/enzyme to a second messenger system or to an ion channel. Signal transduction plays an important role in activating cellular functions, cell differentiation, and cell proliferation. Examples of signal transduction systems are the GAMMA-AMINOBUTYRIC ACID-postsynaptic receptor-calcium ion channel system, the receptor-mediated T-cell activation pathway, and the receptor-mediated activation of phospholipases. Those coupled to membrane depolarization or intracellular release of calcium include the receptor-mediated activation of cytotoxic functions in granulocytes and the synaptic potentiation of protein kinase activation. Some signal transduction pathways may be part of larger signal transduction pathways; for example, protein kinase activation is part of the platelet activation signal pathway.

Orthologs in Arabidopsis thaliana of the Hsp70 interacting protein Hip. (1/968)

The Hsp70-interacting protein Hip binds to the adenosine triphosphatase domain of Hsp70, stabilizing it in the adenosine 5'-diphosphate-ligated conformation and promoting binding of target polypeptides. In mammalian cells, Hip is a component of the cytoplasmic chaperone heterocomplex that regulates signal transduction via interaction with hormone receptors and protein kinases. Analysis of the complete genome sequence of the model flowering plant Arabidopsis thaliana revealed 2 genes encoding Hip orthologs. The deduced sequence of AtHip-1 consists of 441 amino acid residues and is 42% identical to human Hip. AtHip-1 contains the same functional domains characterized in mammalian Hip, including an N-terminal dimerization domain, an acidic domain, 3 tetratricopeptide repeats flanked by a highly charged region, a series of degenerate GGMP repeats, and a C-terminal region similar to the Sti1/Hop/p60 protein. The deduced amino acid sequence of AtHip-2 consists of 380 amino acid residues. AtHip-2 consists of a truncated Hip-like domain that is 46% identical to human Hip, followed by a C-terminal domain related to thioredoxin. AtHip-2 is 63% identical to another Hip-thioredoxin protein recently identified in Vitis labrusca (grape). The truncated Hip domain in AtHip-2 includes the amino terminus, the acidic domain, and tetratricopeptide repeats with flanking charged region. Analyses of expressed sequence tag databases indicate that both AtHip-1 and AtHip-2 are expressed in A thaliana and that orthologs of Hip are also expressed widely in other plants. The similarity between AtHip-1 and its mammalian orthologs is consistent with a similar role in plant cells. The sequence of AtHip-2 suggests the possibility of additional unique chaperone functions.  (+info)

Effects of natural intensities of visible and ultraviolet radiation on epidermal ultraviolet screening and photosynthesis in grape leaves. (2/968)

Grape (Vitis vinifera cv Silvaner) vine plants were cultivated under shaded conditions in the absence of ultraviolet (UV) radiation in a greenhouse, and subsequently placed outdoors under three different light regimes for 7 d. Different light regimes were produced by filters transmitting natural radiation, or screening out the UV-B (280-315 nm), or screening out the UV-A (315-400 nm) and the UV-B spectral range. During exposure, synthesis of UV-screening phenolics in leaves was quantified using HPLC: All treatments increased concentrations of hydroxycinnamic acids but the rise was highest, reaching 230% of the initial value, when UV radiation was absent. In contrast, UV-B radiation specifically increased flavonoid concentrations resulting in more than a 10-fold increase. Transmittance in the UV of all extracted phenolics was lower than epidermal UV transmittance determined fluorimetrically, and the two parameters were curvilinearly related. It is suggested that curvilinearity results from different absorption properties of the homogeneously dissolved phenolics in extracts and of the non-homogeneous distribution of phenolics in the epidermis. UV-B-dependent inhibition of maximum photochemical yield of photosystem II (PSII), measured as variable fluorescence of dark-adapted leaves, recovered in parallel to the buildup of epidermal screening for UV-B radiation, suggesting that PSII is protected against UV-B damage by epidermal screening. However, UV-B inhibition of CO(2) assimilation rates was not diminished by efficient UV-B screening. We propose that protection of UV-B inactivation of PSII is observed because preceding damage is efficiently repaired while those factors determining UV-B inhibition of CO(2) assimilation recover more slowly.  (+info)

Rapid deposition of extensin during the elicitation of grapevine callus cultures is specifically catalyzed by a 40-kilodalton peroxidase. (3/968)

Elicitation or peroxide stimulation of grape (Vitis vinifera L. cv Touriga) vine callus cultures results in the rapid and selective in situ insolubilization of an abundant and ionically bound cell wall protein-denominated GvP1. Surface-enhanced laser desorption/ionization/time of flight-mass spectrometry analysis, the amino acid composition, and the N-terminal sequence of purified GvP1 identified it as an 89.9-kD extensin. Analysis of cell walls following the in situ insolubilization of GvP1 indicates large and specific increases in the major amino acids of GvP1 as compared with the amino acids present in salt-eluted cell walls. We calculate that following deposition, covalently bound GvP1 contributes up to 4% to 5% of the cell wall dry weight. The deposition of GvP1 in situ requires peroxide and endogenous peroxidase activity. Isoelectric focusing of saline eluates of callus revealed only a few basic peroxidases that were all isolated or purified to electrophoretic homogeneity. In vitro and in situ assays of extensin cross-linking activity using GvP1 and peroxidases showed that a 40-kD peroxidase cross-linked GvP1 within minutes, whereas other grapevine peroxidases had no significant activity with GvP1. Internal peptide sequences indicated this extensin peroxidase (EP) is a member of the class III peroxidases. We conclude that we have identified and purified an EP from grapevine callus that is responsible for the catalysis of GvP1 deposition in situ during elicitation. Our results suggest that GvP1 and this EP play an important combined role in grapevine cell wall defense.  (+info)

Sink feedback regulation of photosynthesis in vines: measurements and a model. (4/968)

An experimental and modelling study of source-sink interactions in Vitis vinifera L., cv. Cabernet Sauvignon, rooted cuttings under non-limiting environmental conditions with a 12 h photoperiod is presented here. After 4 h, measured photosynthesis, stomatal conductance and leaf carbohydrate content reached maximum values. Over the remainder of the photoperiod, photosynthesis and stomatal conductance decreased continuously, whereas leaf carbohydrate content remained relatively constant. Because the experiment took place in a non-limiting environment, the results suggest that stomatal regulation of photosynthesis was mediated by an internal factor, possibly related to sink activity. A simple 1-source, 2-sink model was developed to examine the extent to which the data could be explained by a hypothetical sink-to-source feedback mechanism mediated by carbohydrate levels in either the mesophyll, the source phloem or the phloem of one of the two sinks. Model simulations reproduced the data well under the hypothesis of a phloem-based feedback signal, although the data were insufficient to elucidate the detailed nature of such a signal. In a sensitivity analysis, the steady-state response of photosynthesis to sink activity was explored and predictions made for the partitioning of photosynthate between the two sinks. The analysis highlights the effectiveness of a phloem-based feedback signal in regulating the balance between source and sink activities. However, other mechanisms for the observed decline in photosynthesis, such as photoinhibition, endogenous circadian rhythms or hydraulic signals in the leaf cannot be excluded. Nevertheless, it is concluded that the phloem-based feedback model developed here may provide a useful working hypothesis for incorporation into plant growth models and for further development and testing.  (+info)

Anti-inflammatory effect and mechanism of proanthocyanidins from grape seeds. (5/968)

AIM: To investigate the anti-inflammatory effect and mechanism of proanthocyanidins (PA) from grape seeds. METHODS: Croton oil-induced ear swelling in mice and carrageenan-induced hind paw edema in rats were prepared. The nitric oxide synthase (NOS) activity was measured by NADPH-diaphoras stain assay, nitric oxide (NO) content by Griess diazotization assay, N-acetyl-beta- D-glucosaminidase (beta-NAG) activity by spectrophotography, malondialdehyde (MDA) content by thiobarbituric acid (TBA) fluorescence technique, and IL-1beta, TNFalpha, and PGE2 content by radioimmunoassay (RIA). RESULTS: PA 10-40 mg/kg ip inhibited carrageenan-induced paw edema in rats and croton oil-induced ear swelling in mice in a dose-dependent manner. PA 10 mg/kg reduced MDA content in inflamed paws, inhibited beta-NAG and NOS activity, and lowered the content of NO, IL-1beta, TNFalpha, and PGE2 in exudate from edema paws of rats induced by carrageenan. The inhibitory effect of PA on all above indices was more evident than that of dexamethasone 2 mg/kg. CONCLUSION: PA has anti-inflammatory effect on experimental inflammation in rats and mice. Its mechanisms of anti-inflammatory action are relevant to oxygen free radical scavenging, anti-lipid peroxidation, and inhibition of the formation of inflammatory cytokines.  (+info)

Purification and characterization of a O-methyltransferase capable of methylating 2-hydroxy-3-alkylpyrazine from Vitis vinifera L. (cv. Cabernet Sauvignon). (6/968)

An S-adenosyl-L-methionine-dependent O-methyltransferase capable of methylating 2-hydroxy-3-alkylpyrazine (HP) was purified 7,300-fold to apparent homogeneity with an 8.2% overall recovery from Vitis vinifera L. (cv. Cabernet Sauvignon) through a purification procedure including column chromatography on DEAE-Sepharose FF, Ether-5PW, hydroxyapatite, G2000SW(XL), and DEAE-5PW. The relative molecular mass of the native enzyme estimated on gel permeation chromatography was 85 kDa, and the subunit molecular mass was estimated to be 41 kDa on SDS-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis. The enzyme also methylates caffeic acid. The Vmax for IBHP and caffeic acid were 0.73 and 175 pkatals/mg, respectively, and the respective Km for IBHP and caffeic acid were 0.30 and 0.032 mm. The optimum pH for IBHP (8.5) was different from that for caffeic acid (7.5).  (+info)

The daily oral administration of high doses of trans-resveratrol to rats for 28 days is not harmful. (7/968)

trans-3,5,4'-Trihydroxystilbene (trans-resveratrol) is a phytochemical present in peanuts, grapes and wine with beneficial effects such as protection against cardiovascular disease and cancer prevention. The purpose of this study was to evaluate whether high doses of trans-resveratrol have harmful effects on Sprague-Dawley rats. trans-Resveratrol was administered orally to male rats for 28 d at a dose of 20 mg/(kg x d), 1000 times the amount consumed by a 70-kg person taking 1.4 g of trans-resveratrol/d. Body weight, and food and water consumption did not differ between rats treated with trans-resveratrol and the control group. Hematologic and biochemical variables were not affected by the treatment. Histopathologic examination of the organs obtained at autopsy did not reveal any alterations. These results support the view that repeated consumption of trans-resveratrol at 20 mg/(kg x d) does not adversely affect the variables tested in rats.  (+info)

Effect of inclusion of defatted grape seed meal in the diet on digestion and performance of growing rabbits. (8/968)

The digestion and nutritive value of defatted grape seed meal (DGSM) was investigated. A basal diet was formulated to meet requirements of growing rabbits. Another diet was formulated by substituting 15.2% of the basal diet with DGSM. Two hundred eight weaned 30-d-old rabbits were fed these diets, and fattening performance was recorded. Eighty animals were used to study the effect of DGSM inclusion on cecal fermentation traits and intestinal disaccharidase activity at two ages (5 and 35 d after weaning). Fecal apparent digestibility of nutrients was measured in 18 rabbits. A third diet was formulated to contain DGSM (61.3%) as the sole source of fiber and a supplement consisting of wheat flour, casein, lard, and a mixture of vitamins and minerals to avoid nutrient imbalances. This semipurified diet was used to determine cecal digestion traits, disaccharidase activity in the small intestine, fecal apparent digestibility of nutrients, and rate of passage in 70-d-old rabbits. Digestible energy and NDF and CP digestibilities of DGSM calculated by difference were 5.51 +/- 0.89 MJ/kg DM, 24.5 +/- 5.76%, and 46.8 +/- 14.9%, respectively. Inclusion of 15% of DGSM in the basal diet increased ADFI in finishing rabbits (from 9 to 15%; P < 0.05), so that DE intake increased although dietary DE concentration decreased. As a consequence, ADG increased by 3.3% in the whole fattening period (P = 0.046). The increase in ADFI was parallel to an 8% decrease in the weight of cecal contents (P = 0.059), and it was in agreement with the relatively short cecal mean retention time of DGSM (7.61 h) in the semipurified diet. Inclusion of 15% of DGSM in the basal diet did not affect (P > or = 0.20) mortality (10.1%) or cecal concentrations of VFA, NH3 N, or cecal pH either at 5 d (71.9 mM, 17.7 mM, and 5.75, respectively) or at 35 d after weaning (74.6 mM, 10.1 mM, and 5.66, respectively) but improved the sucrase activity in the ileum by 36% (P = 0.031). Digestibility of NDF of DGSM in the semipurified diet was 8.57%, which agrees with the low acidity and weight of cecal contents of animals fed this diet (6.26 and 3.63% BW, respectively). From these results, we conclude that DGSM has a relatively high DE concentration and its inclusion at moderate levels (15%) in the diet exerts a positive effect on ADFI, DE intake, and ADG with no impairment of cecal fermentation and mortality.  (+info)

Vascular Arbuscular mychorrhizae (AM) are symbiotic microorganisms as a renewable resource and a modern technology-based viticulture practices have been contributing to quality fruit production by supporting vineyard mineral nutrition, water uptake, and increase resistance against plant biotic and abiotic stress. Since wine grapes production is under developing industry in Turkey and has been grown mainly in rural area, and poor soils that is need to support by low cost renewable manner.In this study, the effects of different dosage mixture AM fungi as Biovam applications by dry formulation and Endo Roots by liquid formulation applications in vineyard soil just under plant foliage at 10 years old grapewine cv. Kalecik Karası (Vitis vinifera L.) grafted onto Kober 5BB rootstock at two weeks before full bloom in producer vineyard applications. Biovam and Endo Roots effects were evaluated in labs Selcuk University Faculty of Agriculture as fruit set, yield, and fruit quality, and pruning waste ...
PubMed journal article: Effects of elevated CO2 on grapevine (Vitis vinifera L.): volatile composition, phenolic content, and in vitro antioxidant activity of red wine. Download Prime PubMed App to iPhone, iPad, or Android
INTRODUCTION - Grapevine yellows (GY) are a phytoplasma-associated disease complex that induces severe crop losses in almost all varieties used for wine production in the Euro-Mediterranean area and in other continents. Typical GY symptoms include berry shrivel, desiccation of inflorescences, color alterations and curling of the leaves, reduction of growth, and irregular ripening of wood. Chemical treatments against insect vectors of GY-associated phytoplasmas are essential to contain the disease spreading. A strategy for phytoplasma disease control is based on the selection of resistant, tolerant or not susceptible plant varieties. Unfortunately, up to now none of the examined Vitis species and V. vinifera varieties have been found immune or resistant to the phytoplasma associated with GYs. AIMS AND SCOPES - The main objective of this study was to verify the presence of GY diseases in collections of Georgian autochthon grapevine varieties and to investigate the spreading of phytoplasma diseases ...
acid phosphatase in grape (Vitis vinifera L.) has 2 zones of activity. The slower migrating zone has a maximum of 4 bands (1-4 in Table 2). The patterns of this zone can be interpreted as two (duplicated) loci with 4 alleles and monomeric enzyme. The faster migrating zone can be interpreted as a single locus coding 2 subunits (dimeric enzyme). In most of the Pontican European grapevine cultivars (Vitis vinifera ssp. sativa proles pontica), this locus is duplicated, which gives a special 4-band pattern in this zone. In about 50 percent of the woodland grape (Vitis vinifera ssp. sylvestris) genotypes, this locus is absent (null allele). This means that this type of acid phosphatase is not essential for the plant.. The changes in the number and expression of loci in the course of phylogenesis suggest what evolutionary processes may have taken place ...
BACKGROUND: The complex and dynamic changes during grape berry development have been studied in Vitis vinifera, but little is known about these processes in other Vitis species. The grape variety Norton, with a major portion of its genome derived from Vitis aestivalis, maintains high levels of malic acid and phenolic acids in the ripening berries in comparison with V. vinifera varieties such as Cabernet Sauvignon. Furthermore, Norton berries develop a remarkably high level of resistance to most fungal pathogens while Cabernet Sauvignon berries remain susceptible to those pathogens. The distinct characteristics of Norton and Cabernet Sauvignon merit a comprehensive analysis of transcriptional regulation and metabolite pathways.. RESULTS: A microarray study was conducted on transcriptome changes of Norton berry skin during the period of 37 to 127 days after bloom, which represents berry developmental phases from herbaceous growth to full ripeness. Samples of six berry developmental stages were ...
IGA has participated in the French-Italian Public Consortium for Grapevine Genome Characterization, the first plant genome sequencing project conducted only by European research centres. At that time, the grapevine genome was the fourth one produced for flowering plants, the second for a woody species and the first for a fruit crop. IGA has contributed to the Sanger sequencing of a nearly-homozygous grapevine and to the genome assembly.
Figure 1. Grape (Vitis vinifera). 1. Name of Plant. Name : anggur (grape). 2. Classification of Plants. Kingdom: Plantae. Divisio : Spermatophyta. Subdivisio : Angiospermae. Class: Magnoliopsida. Subclass : Rosidae. Ordo : Rhamnales. Family: Vitaceae. Genus: Vitis. Species: Vitis vinifera, Vitis labrusca. 3. Description Plants. Shrubs vines, length can reach 10 m, curved round leaves with serrated edge and tapering ends. Flowers are arranged in panicles. Fruit round or slightly oval-sized +/- 2 cm, smooth-skinned, color variety, sweet fruit sour meat, containing 2-4 seeds. Not all types of genus Vitis edible, which can be eaten only two types, there are Vitis vinifera and Vitis labrusca. Plants grape type Vitis vinifera has the following characteristics:. a) Thin skin, sweet and fresh taste.. b) The ability to grow from lowland up to 300 m above sea level dry climates.. c) Including this type, there are Gros Colman, Probolinggo Biru dan Putih, Situbondo Kuning, Alphonso Lavalle and Golden ...
India. Request for FREE Sample Report @ The Global Wine Grapes Market report has Forecasted Compound Annual rate of growth (CAGR) differently price for explicit amount, which will facilitate user to require decision supported futuristic chart. Report additionally includes key players in world Wine Grapes market. The Wine Grapes market size is estimated in terms of revenue (US$) and production volume during this report.. The study world Wine Grapes Industry Research Report 2017 may be a elaborate report scrutinising statistical knowledge concerning the worldwide market. moreover, the factors on that the companies contend within the market are evaluated within the report. The report offers an in depth outline of the key segments at intervals the market. Analysis additionally covers upstream raw materials, equipment, downstream client survey, selling channels, industry development trend and proposals.. The Wine Grapes report offers a ...
Cabernet Sauvignon has come a long way from its role as a blending varietal, however dominant, in the wines of Bordeaux. Today it is the most planted red varietal in the world. Identified as a descendent of Cabernet Franc and Sauvignon Blanc, the late-ripening Cabernet Sauvignon needs to be planted in warmer climates to fully ripen. Its small berries can easily be identified for their distinctive blue color, thick skins and high tannins. And while the varietal has its own definitive characteristics: green pepper-like aromas and black currant flavors among them, it is perhaps most prized for its ability to convey terroir, vintage and winemaking. A relatively new varietal, Cabernet Sauvignon started making inroads into the wines of the Médoc and Graves in the late-18th century. Today it is also dominant in the up-and-coming Entre-Deux-Mers region of Bordeaux and can also be found in Southwest France. It is the companion varietal to Sangiovese in Italys Super Tuscans and is planted all over ...
Quantity and characterization of flavonoids were determined in skins isolated from Vitis vinifera L. cv. Cabernet Sauvignon berries during fruit ripening and at different postveraison water deficits. The per berry amount of anthocyanin, flavonol, and pigment incorporation into proanthocyanidins increased with maturity. The amount of proanthocyanidin extension subunits did not vary with maturity, although the extension subunit composition did. The apparent average degree of polymerization of proanthocyanidins increased with maturity. Incorporation of pigmented material into the proanthocyanidins, together with the apparent increase in average degree of polymerization, suggests that additional terminal subunits, which are not flavan-3-ols, accumulate during fruit ripening. Increased vine water deficit caused small increases in anthocyanins and decreases in flavonols. Red wine flavonoid amounts indicate that postveraison water deficits affect red wine flavonoids primarily by altering berry size and ...
In Korea, Campbell Early and Kyoho are the most important cultivars occupying over 80% of the market. Most grape cultivars developed in Korea have been bred from limited and popular cultivars such as Campbell Early , Himrod Seedless and Kyoho . To identify and distinguish genetic relationships among Korean released grape cultivars and their parents, SSR markers were applied and analyzed. Using ten SSR primer sets, the total number of alleles identified was 120 with the number of alleles ranging between 6 and 19. The PIC (polymorphism information content) ranged between 0.3235 (VVMD7) and 0.8724 (ssrVrZAG79). These 10 primers could be effectively used for Korean grapes (V. labruscana) identification. Neighbor-joining analysis revealed the 25 tested cultivars classified into a total of six groups. The ten selected SSR primer sets were efficient to identify Korean developed ten grapes including their parent grapes. Applying a minimum of four SSR primer combinations allowed the perfect ...
The breeding of grape vines is difficult because they take several years to grow to maturity and domesticated grapes tend to have very low fertility. For this reason, grapes are usually propagated by cuttings or graftings so that vineyards are filled with hundreds of thousands of genetically identical clones. This leaves grapes highly susceptible to the emergence of aggressive microrganisms, such as phyloxera, which devastated European grape production in the 19th and early 20th century, and powdery mildew, which continues to threaten American harvests to this day.. The Pinot Noir genome will provide an invaluable tool for creating grape varieties resistant to such diseases without altering the quality of the resulting wine. Velasco and his colleagues have identified a large number of genes related to disease-resistance, 289 of which contain one or more SNPs. In spite of this, Pinot Noir remains susceptible to several fungi, bacteria and viruses possibly due to a defective system for recognition ...
Resveratrols are polyphenolic secondary metabolites that can benefit human health, and only occur in a few plant families including Vitaceae. It has been reported that abscisic acid (ABA) can induce veraison (the onset of grape berry ripening) and may induce the accumulation of resveratrol in berry skin. However, the relationships between ABA, veraison, the accumulation of anthocyanins and the accumulation of resveratrol in the berry are poorly understood. This study attempted to answer this question through an investigation of the effect of applied ABA and fluridone (a synthetic inhibitor of ABA) on the biosynthesis and accumulation of ABA, anthocyanin and resveratrol in Beihong (Vitis vinifera × Vitis amurensis) berry skin. Under natural conditions, resveratrol concentration was very low before 91 DAA (days after anthesis), i.e. 2 weeks after veraison, however, it increased sharply from this point to 126 DAA (maturity). Exogenous ABA applications all resulted in an increase in berry skin ABA and
Bacillus licheniformis GL174 is a culturable endophytic strain isolated from Vitis vinifera cultivar Glera, the grapevine mainly cultivated for the Prosecco wine production. This strain was previously demonstrated to possess some specific plant growth promoting traits but its endophytic attitude and its role in biocontrol was only partially explored. In this study, the potential biocontrol action of the strain was investigated in vitro and in vivo and, by genome sequence analyses, putative functions involved in biocontrol and plant-bacteria interaction were assessed. Firstly, to confirm the endophytic behavior of the strain, its ability to colonize grapevine tissues was demonstrated and its biocontrol properties were analyzed. Antagonism test results showed that the strain could reduce and inhibit the mycelium growth of diverse plant pathogens in vitro and in vivo. The strain was demonstrated to produce different molecules of the lipopeptide class; moreover, its genome was sequenced, and analysis of the
A raisin is a dried grape. Raisins are produced in many regions of the world and may be eaten raw or used in cooking, baking, and brewing. In the United Kingdom, Ireland, New Zealand, and Australia, the word raisin is reserved for the dark-colored dried large grape, with sultana being a golden-colored dried grape, and currant being a dried small Black Corinth seedless grape. The word raisin dates back to Middle English and is a loanword from Old French; in modern French, raisin means grape, while a dried grape is a raisin sec, or dry grape. The Old French word, in turn, developed from the Latin word racemus, a bunch of grapes. Raisin varieties depend on the type of grape used, and are made in a variety of sizes and colors including green, black, brown, blue, purple, and yellow. Seedless varieties include the sultana (the common American type is known as Thompson Seedless in the USA), the Greek currants (black corinthian raisins, Vitis vinifera L. var. Apyrena) and Flame grapes. ...
Grapevine is an important perennial fruit to the wine industry, and has implications for the health industry with some causative agents proven to reduce heart disease. Since the sequencing and assembly of grapevine cultivar Pinot Noir, several studies have contributed to its genome annotation. This new study further contributes toward genome annotation efforts by conducting a proteogenomics analysis using the latest genome annotation from CRIBI, legacy proteomics dataset from cultivar Cabernet Sauvignon and a large RNA-seq dataset. A total of 341 novel annotation events are identified consisting of five frame-shifts, 37 translated UTRs, 15 exon boundaries, one novel splice, nine novel exons, 159 gene boundaries, 112 reverse strands, and one novel gene event in 213 genes and 323 proteins. From this proteogenomics evidence, the Augustus gene prediction tool predicted 52 novel and revised genes (54 protein isoforms), 11 genes of which are associated with key traits such as stress tolerance and ...
Compare Seaview cabernet sauvignon price and read Seaview cabernet sauvignon reviews before you buy. Find the best deal on
One of Frances most legendary grapes and the grape that earned Burgundy its reputation. The parent of varietals like Pinot Gris/Grigio and Pinot Blanc, Pinot Noir is blue to violet to indigo in color with relatively thin skins, and it is said to have been cultivated in France for more than 2,000 years. At its best, Pinot Noir creates elegant wines that are filled with primary red fruit aromas and flavors while young, revealing with an array of secondary characteristics like earth, smoke, violet, truffle and game with age. The varietal is also known, perhaps better than any, for its ability to translate terroir, or a sense of place. While the best Pinot Noir still comes from Burgundy, it is being produced with increasing success in cooler climates around the world. In France, it is part of the trifecta of grapes that can go into Champagne, and it is also grown in Alsace, Irancy, Jura, Savoie, Lorraine and Sancerre. Outside of France it is produced under the names Pinot Nero and Blauburgunder in ...
Buy Stocks Hill Cabernet Merlot Cabernet Sauvignon Merlot by Pirramimma - Buy Pirramimma ACJ Cabernet Shiraz Merlot Verdot, Old Digby Port, Stocks Hill Cabernet Merlot, Stocks Hill Cabernet Sauvignon, Stocks Hill Grenache Shiraz Mourvedre, Stocks Hill Shiraz, War Horse Shiraz, White Label Cabernet Sauvignon, White Label Old Bush Vine Grenache, White Label Petit Verdot, White Label Shiraz
Bodybuilders and athletes need nutrition data on grapes follow healthy eating habits in order to meet their body requirements efficiently. Type 1 is seen mostly in younger canine. The Optimal Fitness Lifestyle Center was born from Briens desire to integrate Nutrition data on grapes and Western philosophies in the austins peanut butter crackers nutritional facts of health and fitness. Nutrktion a basic rule of thumb, we recommend that you simply focus on those pizzerias in Point Pleasant Beach NJ that include over 100 items in the menu. It has been found useful in removing dark, spots zits sausage mcmuffin nutritional info and different blemishes on the pores and skin too. It has helped 1000s of individuals over time and seems to nutritional facts for foods the one weight loss plan and cleaning recipe that may handle nutritin stability between working and being non harmful. The Indians also soaked Chia seeds in water nutrjtion drink, or mull into powder, extract capital nutrition naperville as ...
Grapevine genome sequencing. Data from a gel electrophoresis experiment to sequence the Pinot Noir grape (Vitis sp.) genome. This technique is used to separate, in sequence, nucleotide bases from DNA (deoxyribonucleic acid) fragments. DNA contains 4 bases (adenine, cytosine, guanine and thymine), which are represented here by different colours. The DNA fragments are placed in a porous gel that has an electric current applied to it. The nucleotides move down the gel according to their size. After the process has run the bases appear as bands on the gel. The sequences of bases make up genes, which encode an organisms genetic information. Photographed at the Agricultural Institute of San Michelle allAdige, Trento, Italy. - Stock Image G210/1105
As of July 1, Dr. Patty Skinkis, Viticulture Extension Specialist and Professor at Oregon State University (OSU), has been confirmed as the 2020-2021 president. She succeeds Kristen Barnhisel, winemaker for white wines at J. Lohr Vineyards & Wines. Dr. Skinkis will lead ASEVs 12-member board. Dr. Skinkis spends most of her time developing and delivering research information and educational outreach materials for the commercial winegrape industry in Oregon. As part of her viticulture program at OSU, Dr. Skinkis conducts applied research that impacts the commercial winegrape industry and contributes to the broader knowledge of grapevine physiology and vineyard sustainability. She teaches an upper-division viticulture course in the Department of Horticulture. Some of her outreach efforts include building community between industry members and researchers through technical groups to allow information exchange that drives research and innovations. I am pleased to be serving as ASEV president during ...
The influence of a simulated digestive process on some biochemical and biological aspects of strawberry grape (Vitis labrusca) was investigated. The amount of total polyphenols and anthocyanins as well as the antioxidant power were evaluated. Results evidenced that the simulated gastrointestinal transit caused a decrease of the polyphenols content and total anthocyanins; these last, however, were more resistant than polyphenols, decreasing only of 50% respect to the initial value (31.50 μg/ml of extract). The extract exhibited an excellent antioxidant power (EC50 3.8 mg/ml), which decreased of about four times after the simulated gastrointestinal transit. The antimicrobial activity of the extract, evaluated against three Escherichia coli, Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Bacillus cereus pathogen strains was enhanced by the simulated digestion, with an increase of the inhibition halo.
Grape Skin Factory - Select 2018 high quality Grape Skin Factory products in best price from certified Chinese Grape Skin Red manufacturers, Grape Skin Extract Resveratrol suppliers, wholesalers and factory on
Each grape variety has particular properties; on Zipmec you will find specialist companies in the wholesale of grapes and distributors of every grape variety!
In the present study, resveratrol and various oligomeric derivatives were obtained from a 14 L bioreactor culture of elicited grapevine cell suspensions (Vitis labrusca L.). The crude ethyl acetate stilbene extract obtained from the culture medium was fractionated by centrifugal partition chromatography (CPC) using a gradient elution method and the major stilbenes contained in the fractions were subsequently identified by using a 13C-NMR-based dereplication procedure and further 2D NMR analyses including HSQC, HMBC, and COSY. Beside δ-viniferin (2), leachianol F (4) and G (4′), four stilbenes (resveratrol (1), ε-viniferin (5), pallidol (3) and a newly characterized dimer (6)) were recovered as pure compounds in sufficient amounts to allow assessment of their biological activity on the cell growth of three different cell lines, including two human skin malignant melanoma cancer cell lines (HT-144 and SKMEL-28) and a healthy human dermal fibroblast HDF line. Among the dimers obtained in this study,
Grapevine cultivars are clonally propagated to preserve their varietal attributes. However, genetic variations accumulate due to the occurrence of somatic mutations. This process is anthropically influenced through plant transportation, clonal propagation and selection. Malbec is a cultivar that is well-appreciated for the elaboration of red wine. It originated in Southwestern France and was introduced in Argentina during the 1850s. In order to study the clonal genetic diversity of Malbec grapevines, we generated whole-genome resequencing data for four accessions with different clonal propagation records. A stringent variant calling procedure was established to identify reliable polymorphisms among the analyzed accessions. The latter procedure retrieved 941 single nucleotide variants (SNVs). A reduced set of the detected SNVs was corroborated through Sanger sequencing, and employed to custom-design a genotyping experiment. We successfully genotyped 214 Malbec accessions using 41 SNVs, and identified 14
Phylloxera is native to the eastern and southeastern United States, where native American grape species (such as Vitis riparia and Vitis labrusca) co-evolved with the insect. Though it has spread around the world since the mid-19th Century to many other wine regions, prior surveys found no evidence of phylloxera in Colorados commercial vineyards. Grape species native to the U.S. are generally resistant to phylloxera, but V. vinifera vines have no natural resistance whatsoever. This is why phylloxera nearly wiped out all the vineyards in Europe once it survived the trans-Atlantic trip in the mid-19th Century. On V. vinifera grape cultivars, phylloxera normally infests only the underground parts of the plant and eventually kills the vine. The leaf-feeding, gall-producing form is not present. In susceptible American Vitis species and hybrids, the full life cycle occurs, including the leaf-galling form. Colorado had been one of the few wine regions worldwide to not have been affected by phylloxera ...
The maiden vintage of the Boschendal Cabernet Sauvignon 2017 is a perfect example of why Cabernet Sauvignon is considered the King of red grape varietals. The deep, dark ruby colour of this wine offers a promising glint of the intrigue that awaits inside the glass. Aromas of ripe black cherry and cassis, pencil shavings, cigar box accents and spice make an enticing entry and linger onto the palate, with chalky tannins and a rich, textured mouthfeel also become noticeable. A well-structured and powerful wine that offers a new discovery at every sip. While it offers rewarding drinking in its relative youth, this wine will continue to age well and develop more nuance and dimension over time. It is a textbook example of the depth and staying power that makes Stellenbosch Cabernet so appealing for discerning wine lovers.
1. First note on the N&N Truchard Chardonnay 09, Wow, what power and elegance! Green apple that segues to roasted lemon, lemon balm, spiced pear and peach; its a substantial chardonnay, no lie, fully framed and fleshed-out, yet its a construct of myriad delicate details; firm, supple texture; a few minutes bring in hints of cloves and allspice, with the latters touch of dry astringency amid the lushness of savory ripeness. Nine months in French oak, 45 percent new barrels. Pretty much a masterpiece. Excellent. About $48. 2. First note on the N&N Medina Chardonnay 2009, Golden. A shimmering and lustrous chardonnay that spent nine months in French oak, 50 percent new barrels; expansively floral, deeply rich and spicy without being strident or cloying, in fact the lushness of savory, slightly roasted stone fruit and pineapple-grapefruit flavors is almost rigorously tempered by the spare elegance of bright acidity and limestone-like minerality. Frankly beautiful. 14.6 percent alcohol. Drink ...
See ratings and reviews, wine tasting notes, food pairings, and find where to buy Vintage 2004 20 Cabernet Sauvignon Vintners Collection Sterling Vineyards
TY - JOUR. T1 - Comparison of the antioxidant effects of Concord grape juice flavonoids and α-tocopherol on markers of oxidative stress in healthy adults. AU - OByrne, Dawn J.. AU - Devaraj, Sridevi. AU - Grundy, Scott M.. AU - Jialal, Ishwarlal. PY - 2002/12/1. Y1 - 2002/12/1. N2 - Background: Concord grape juice (CGJ) is a rich source of flavonoids, which have greater antioxidant efficacy in vitro than does α-tocopherol; however, the efficacies of flavonoids and α-tocopherol in vivo have not been compared. Objective: We compared the in vivo antioxidant efficacy of CGJ with that of α-tocopherol in healthy adults. Design: Subjects were randomly assigned to receive either 400 IU RRR-α-tocopherol/d (n = 17) or 10 mL CGJ · kg-1 · d-1 (n = 15) for 2 wk. Serum oxygen radical absorbance capacity, plasma protein carbonyls, urinary F2-isoprostanes, and resistance of LDL to ex vivo oxidation were measured before and after supplementation as markers of antioxidant status and oxidative stress. ...
Aim: The present study was conducted to investigate the effects of SNP (sodium nitroprusside, as nitric oxide donor) on mineral concentration in two grapevine (Vitis vinifera L.) cultivars, Qarah Shani and Thompson Seedless, under different levels of NaCl stress.. Methods and results: The plants were exposed to NaCl at the rate of 0, 25, 50, 75 and 100 mM in nutrient solution and foliar spray of SNP at 0, 0.5, 1 and 1.5 mM under an open hydroponic system. Results indicated that with increasing salinity levels, the Cl- and Na+ concentrations increased and the K+, Ca2+, Mg2+, NO3-N, Zn2+, Fe2+ concentrations and K+/Na+ ratio decreased in both cultivars. However, application of SNP mitigated the Cl- and Na+ concentrations and improved the K+, Ca2+, Mg2+ and NO3-N concentrations in leaves and roots of both cultivars. The application of SNP did not significantly affect Zn2+ and Fe2+ concentrations under 100 mM NaCl.. Conclusion: The adverse effects of NaCl stress in nutrient element uptake were ...
Diabetes mellitus é uma doença caracterizada por hiperglicemia crônica, resultando em desequilíbrio metabólico e estresse oxidativo e promovendo dano tecidual. Fitoquímicos bioativos, como os polifenóis presentes na uva e seus subprodutos, especialmente quando cultivada sem agrotóxicos, representam alternativa terapêutica para prevenção das alterações metabólicas e oxidativas em indivíduos diabéticos. Portanto, nosso objetivo foi avaliar o efeito de extrato aquoso de folhas de videira, da variedade Bordô (Vitis labrusca), produzida por cultivo orgânico, sobre parâmetros metabólicos e de estresse oxidativo em ratos diabéticos. Foram utilizados ratos Wistar, machos (n = 88), pesando cerca de 300 g, randomicamente divididos em grupos de não diabéticos (CTR) e diabéticos (STZ), sendo o diabete induzido pela administração única de 60 mg/kg de estreptozotocina via intraperitoneal. Os animais receberam doses diárias de salina (grupos: CTR0 e STZ0) ou extrato aquoso da folha ...
The selective removal of grapevine leaves around berry clusters can improve the quality of ripening fruits by influencing parameters such as the berry sugar and anthocyanin content at harvest. The outcome depends strongly on the timing of defoliation, which influences the source-sink balance and the modified microclimate surrounding the berries. We removed the basal leaves from Vitis vinifera L. cv Sangiovese shoots at the pre-bloom and veraison stages, and investigated responses such as shoot growth, fruit morphology and composition compared to untreated controls. Moreover, we performed a genome-wide expression analysis to explore the impact of these defoliation treatments on berry transcriptome. We found that pre-bloom defoliation improved berry quality traits such as sugar and anthocyanin content, whereas defoliation at veraison had a detrimental effect, e.g. less anthocyanin and higher incidence of sunburn damage. Genome-wide expression analysis during berry ripening revealed that defoliation at
See ratings and reviews, wine tasting notes, food pairings, and find where to buy Vintage 2009 Meridian Vineyards Cabernet Sauvignon Paso Robles
In viticulture, ripeness is the completion of the ripening process of wine grapes on the vine which signals the beginning of harvest. What exactly constitutes ripeness will vary depending on what style of wine is being produced (sparkling, still, fortified, rosé, dessert wine, etc.) and what the winemaker and viticulturist personally believe constitutes ripeness. Once the grapes are harvested, the physical and chemical components of the grape which will influence a wines quality are essentially set so determining the optimal moment of ripeness may be considered the most crucial decision in winemaking. There are several factors that contribute to the ripeness of the grape. As the grapes go through veraison, sugars in the grapes will continue to rise as acid levels fall. The balance between sugar (as well as the potential alcohol level) and acids is considered one of the most critical aspects of producing quality wine so both the must weight and total acidity, as well as the pH of the grapes, ...
a pleasing granite-like finish reflecting the diverse flavors found on our Rutherford estate vineyards. This Cabernet Sauvignon is ready to be enjoyed now and will age gracefully over time.. 77% Cabernet Sauvignon, 12% Petit Verdot, 7% Malbec, 4% Merlot - 20 months in 70% new tight-grain French oak. ...
Since 1984, Cameron Winery has fanatically produced sustainably farmed, non-irrigated pinot noir, chardonnay and pinot bianco from the Red Hills of Dundee, Oregon
Concord grapes are delicious right off the vine, or you can crush them to make juice and jelly. If your Concord grape vines are overflowing, consider drying the grapes. Drying grapes gives you plenty of raisins to use in recipes or to give to your kids as a healthy snack.
Hydatellaceae identified as a new branch near the base of the angiosperm phylogenetic tree. The grapevine genome sequence suggests ancestral hexaploidization in major angiosperm phyla
Forest Grove, located 35 miles south of Portland in the Willamette Valley, is currently the home to twelve notable Oregon wineries including Adea Wine Company, Elk Cove Vineyards, Patton Valley Vineyards and Tualatin Estate Vineyards. Among a list of Forest Grove Firsts on the City of Forest Grove website ( is the claim, Pinot Noir was first planted in a Willamette Valley vineyard by Charles Coury in 1965 at the present-day David Hill Vineyard. In the websites Wine Legacy Information Sheet, Forest Grove asserts, The original idea that Willamette Valley would be ideal for the production of Pinot came from Charles Coury, who purchased the vineyard now known as David Hill Winery on September 30, 1965. Coury immediately began planting his vineyard in October 1965. The Wine Legacy Information Sheet incorrectly details the first plantings of Pinot Noir in the Willamette Valley and unfairly and incorrectly relegates David Letts historical role to secondary status behind ...
Viticulture biosecurity AG0091 Black spot of grapevines AG0198 Collecting samples for nematode analysis citrus and grapevines AG1369 Soft Scales (Coccidae) on Grapevines in Australia
Jonathan and Susan Pey are winegrowers and residents of Marin County who have a shared passion for wine. Jonathan has had a career in the ultra-premium wine industry at Domaine Louis Jadot, Penfolds, and Robert Mondavi Vineyards. Susan is a wine buyer for a large prestigious restaurant group in the Bay Area. Together they launched their own line of wines in 1999 and today produce Pinot Noir and Riesling under the Pey-Marin label and Pinot Noir from Santa Lucia Highlands under the Pey-Lucia label, a Pinot Noir sourced from three appellations labeled The Forager, Merlot and Vin Gris under the Mount Tamalpais label, a Cabernet Sauvignon from Oakville in Napa Valley labeled Textbook and a Paso Robles Syrah called Spicerack. Their umbrella company is Scenic Root Winegrowers.. To be honest, growing Pinot Noir in Marin County is not for the faint at heart. The few vineyards hold much potential when the weather cooperates, but small, even minuscule yields, are often the rule. Jonathan calls the yields ...
Grapevine rupestris stem pitting-associated virus (GRSPaV), a member of the genus Foveavirus, is associated with Rupestris stem pitting, a disease that, along with Kober stem grooving (KSG), Corky bark (CB) and LN33 stem grooving, constitute the rugose wood disease complex of grapevine. Grapevine virus A (GVA) and Grapevine virus B (GVB), which are associated with the KSG and CB, respectively (Martelli, 1993), are common in Tunisian grapevines (Mahfoudhi et al., 1998), whereas no information is available on the presence of GRSPaV. Therefore, 140 samples of 10 table grape varieties (Italia, Superior Seedless, Down Seedless, Red Globe, Victoria, Early Sugar, Black Pearl, Kings Ruby, Rich Baba and Sultanine) from different Tunisian grapevine-growing areas were collected and indexed for the presence of this virus by RT-PCR using as template total nucleic acid preparations extracted from phloem tissue (Foissac et al., 2001) and primers RSP-48 (5- AGCTGGGATTATAAGGGAGGT-3) and RSP-49 ...
INTRODUCTION. Grapevine leafroll disease is widely accepted to be the most damaging grapevine virus disease in South Africa, with grapevine leafroll-associated virus 3 (GLRaV-3) the most prevalent leafroll-associated virus (Pietersen, 2006). The vine mealybug, Planococcus ficus (Signoret) (Hemiptera: Pseudococcidae), is the most common and efficient vector of GLRaV-3 in South Africa (Walton & Pringle, 2004; Douglas & Krüger, 2008). Currently, the industry strategy to limit leafroll infection in newly planted, leafroll-free vineyards in South Africa is based on a multi-pronged approach that includes treating young grapevines with a systemic insecticide like imidacloprid shortly after planting; monitoring for leafroll symptoms in these vineyards over two seasons, and removing all leafroll-infected grapevines, known as rogueing (Pietersen, 2006); monitoring and controlling mealybug in adjacent leafroll-infected vineyards where rogueing is not feasible; and ensuring that workers and equipment do ...
Read Occurrence of grapevine leafroll-associated virus 5 in Portugal: genetic variability and population structure in field-grown grapevines, Archives of Virology on DeepDyve, the largest online rental service for scholarly research with thousands of academic publications available at your fingertips.
History Muscadine grape seed products have got high concentrations of polyphenolic substances with antioxidant and various other properties that might be expected to possess favorable results in endothelial function. driven by the end and starting of every period and likened in blended linear types. Results There is no proof improved FMD (% transformation) with muscadine grape seed (muscadine grape seed: pre 5.2% ± 0.3% post 4.6% ± 0.3% = 0.06; placebo: pre 5.3% ± 0.4% post 5.2% ± 0.4% = 0.82; for muscadine grape seed vs. placebo = 0.25). Nevertheless there was a substantial upsurge in baseline size (mm) with muscadine grape seed supplementation (muscadine grape seed: pre 4.05 ± 0.09 post 4.23 ± Ki8751 0.10 = 0.002; placebo: pre 4.12 ± 0.11 post 4.12 ± 0.10 = 0.93; for muscadine grape seed vs. placebo = 0.026). All the biomarkers werent altered by muscadine grape seed supplementation significantly. Conclusions A month of muscadine grape seed supplementation in topics with an increase of ...
Pinot Noir, La Crema, Monterey CoastGlass:$12.00. Pinot Noir, La Crema, Monterey CoastBottle:$49.00. Pinot Noir, Meiomi, Coastal CaliforniaGlass:$12.00. Pinot Noir, Meiomi, Coastal CaliforniaBottle:$50.00. Pinot Noir, Elouan, Oregon$50.00. Pinot Noir, Flowers, Sonoma Coast$95.00. Pinot Noir, Stephen Vincent, CaliforniaGlass:$9.00. Pinot Noir, Stephen Vincent, CaliforniaBottle:$35.00. Pinot Noir, Belle Glos, Clark & Telephone, Santa BarbaraGlass:$17.00. Pinot Noir, Belle Glos, Clark & Telephone, Santa BarbaraBottle:$70.00. Cabernet Sauvignon, Canoe Ridge, Cht. Ste. Michelle, Washington$58.00. Cabernet Sauvlgnon, Simi Landslide, Alexander Valley$60.00. Cabernet Sauvignon, Franciscan, Oakville Estate, Napa ValleyGlass:$14.00. Cabernet Sauvignon, Franciscan, Oakville Estate, Napa ValleyBottle:$55.00. Cabernet Sauvignon Hess Select, CaliforniaGlass:$10.00. Cabernet Sauvignon Hess Select, CaliforniaGlass:$42.00. Cabernet Sauvignon Bonanza, CaliforniaGlass:$12.00. Cabernet Sauvignon Bonanza, ...
Mealybugs (Hemiptera: Pseudococcidae) cause severe damage to many commercial crops, including grapevine. This is largely because of their ability to transmit various grapevine viral diseases, in particular grapevine leafroll-associated viruses (GLRaVs). Grapevine leafroll is one of the most wide-spread grapevine diseases worldwide. Managing the field-spread of grapevine leafroll disease requires, amongst others, stringent mealybug control. Mealybug monitoring and control methods rely on timely and accurate identification of the species present. However, proper identification of mealybug species is problematic, time-consuming and requires an expert taxonomist. In most cases, only adult females can be reliably identified morphologically. Immature insects, males and damaged specimens cannot be assigned to species. In this study, a molecular method was developed to rapidly and accurately distinguish three mealybug species associated with grapevine, namely the vine mealybug Planococcus ficus ...
Mountainous terrain, volcanic soils, innumerable microclimates, and an ancient culture of winemaking influenced by Greeks, Phoenicians, and Romans make Italy the most diverse country in the world of wine. This diversity is reflected in the fact that Italy grows the largest number of native wine grapes known, amounting to more than a quarter of the world s commercial wine grape types. Ian D Agata spent thirteen years interviewing producers, walking vineyards, studying available research, and tasting wines to create this authoritative guide to Italy s native grapes and their wines. Writing with great enthusiasm and deep knowledge, D Agata discusses more than five hundred different native Italian grape varieties, from Aglianico to Zibibbo. D Agata provides details about how wine grapes are identified and classified, what clones are available, which soils are ideal, and what genetic evidence tells us about a variety s parentage. He gives historical and anecdotal accounts of each grape variety and describes
Initial evaluations on what would become Opportunity, a white grape, began in 1991, with the red grape Enchantment beginning two years later in the hands of John R. Clark, Distinguished Professor of horticulture and fruit breeder for the Division of Agriculture and James N. Moore, distinguished professor emeritus and founder of the Arkansas fruit breeding program. Just as a good wine is never rushed, both Clark and Moore knew that breeding wine grapes that could be grown in Arkansas and similar climates was a long game. Grapevines can take three years to mature and produce a substantial crop. Slow. Compared to table grapes, breeding a wine grape is slow, said Clark. With a table grape, you look at it and say this is firm, or this tastes good and its seedless, and you can usually quickly judge fresh produce. Over the years, vine after vine sent out its tendrils and birthed sweet clusters. After each hand-harvest from selected vines, the grapes were sent to the divisions Food Science ...
Get this from a library! Proceedings of the 1st international symposium on grapevine growing, commerce and research : Lisbon, Portugal, 30 June - 2 July, 2003. [Oscar A de Sequeira; J C Sequeira; H J Böhm; International Society for Horticultural Science. Section Vine and Berry Fruits.;] -- The papers contained in this volume of Acta Horticulturae report the proceedings of the 1st International Symposium on Grapevine Growing, Commerce and Research. Keynote speakers and authors of ...
New Bota Box technology keeps our premium wines fresh for more than a month after opening. 3 lt equal to four 750 ml bottles. The flavor is in the box. With a deep garnet color and aromas of black cherries, our Cabernet Sauvignon has smooth, rich flavors of blackberries, plum and complement grilled beef, or rich, red tomato sauce. Awards & Accolades: 94 points - gold medal; 2010 California State Fair; 2008 Cabernet Sauvignon. Gold Medal: 2010 Critics Challenge Wine Competition; 2008 Cabernet Sauvignon. This wine will pair well with beef or chicken dishes. The perfect wine for real life is now available in the perfect package for real life. Embrace the Box: Our new Bota box design with state-of-the-art FlexTap technology makes it possible to keep wines fresh for more than a month after opening with no exposure to wines enemies - light and air. Enjoy premium wine by the glass whenever you want without worries of waste or spoilage. Drink Premium Wine Anytime, Anyplace: Compact packaging ...
Aim: The aim of this study was to determine the influence of two different extraction methods on the fatty acid composition, total phenolic content and antioxidant activity of grape seed oils obtained from 5 different varieties. Materials and Methods: The seeds of the Syrah, Merlot, Sangiovese, Cabernet Sauvignon, Sauvignon Blanc grape varieties were used in this study. Oil extraction was carried out by Soxhlet extraction and coldpressed extraction methods. Results: The most abundant fatty acids in the grape seed oils that were obtained were linoleic acid, oleic acid and palmitic acid ranging from 64.80 to 68.64%, 18.41 to 21.58% and 7.08 to 8.23%, respectively. The linoleic and palmitic acid values that were determined in the grape seed oils obtained by solvent extraction were higher than those for the grape seed oils obtained from the cold-pressed samples. The total phenolic content and antioxidant activity of the grape seed oils varied between 115.68 and 317.71 mg GAE/kg, 7.14 and 34.46% as ...
Fragrance in table grapes and a persistent and complex aroma in wine are both sought after by the modern consumer. In particular, the floral flavor typical of Muscat varieties (also known as Muscats) is highly distinct and has been greatly appreciated since ancient times. Muscat vines are thought to be one of the oldest domesticated grapevines (Vitis vinifera L.) and they are now widely distributed all over the world [1]. It has been assumed that Muscats originated in Greece, the putative main progenitors of this large grape family being Moscato Bianco and Muscat of Alexandria [2]. Several studies have shown that the unique scent of muscat-flavored grape varieties is linked to the presence of monoterpenoids with a low olfactory perception threshold in the grape berry. In particular, linalool, geraniol, nerol, citronellol and α-terpineol have been described as the major aromatic determinants because of their high concentrations in Muscat cultivars [3, 4]. Mateo and Jiménez [5] proposed a ...
Fragrance in table grapes and a persistent and complex aroma in wine are both sought after by the modern consumer. In particular, the floral flavor typical of Muscat varieties (also known as Muscats) is highly distinct and has been greatly appreciated since ancient times. Muscat vines are thought to be one of the oldest domesticated grapevines (Vitis vinifera L.) and they are now widely distributed all over the world [1]. It has been assumed that Muscats originated in Greece, the putative main progenitors of this large grape family being Moscato Bianco and Muscat of Alexandria [2]. Several studies have shown that the unique scent of muscat-flavored grape varieties is linked to the presence of monoterpenoids with a low olfactory perception threshold in the grape berry. In particular, linalool, geraniol, nerol, citronellol and α-terpineol have been described as the major aromatic determinants because of their high concentrations in Muscat cultivars [3, 4]. Mateo and Jiménez [5] proposed a ...
Oveja Negra Cabernet Sauvignon Syrah Rose Reserva 2012 reviews, ratings, wine pairings, LCBO, BCLDB, SAQ store stock, price, wine searcher, food pairing for this Oveja Negra Cabernet Sauvignon Syrah Rose Reserva Rosés
The ascomycete Eutypa lata is the causative agent of eutypa dieback in grapevines, a serious economic problem in major wine grape producing areas. In order to develop a predictive, non-destructive assay for early detection of fungal infection, the phenolic metabolite profiles of 11 strains of E. lata grown on four different artificial growth media were analyzed by HPLC and their variability compared with growth on Cabernet Sauvignon grapevine wood and wood extracts. Six compounds were generally produced in significant amounts, namely eutypinol, eulatachromene, and eutypine and its benzofuran cyclization product, together with siccayne and eulatinol. The two most widely distributed and abundant metabolites were eutypinol and eulatachromene, which were present in 8 of the strains grown on grapewood aqueous extract fortified with sucrose. Metabolite production on grapevine extract was greatly enhanced relative to the artificial media, indicating that this native substrate provides optimal ...
Its been a crazy wine year, but I feel good! This year, we got about 3/4 of a ton of chardonnay from Clarksburg, which we picked in mid-September. I like my chardonnay like I like my…well, actually, Im not crazy about Chardonnay. Because of this, I like to make it taste as much like a wine that I do like as possible! For example: Sauvignon Blanc or Pinot Grigio. So, I keep it un-oaked, pretty acidic, dry, and I avoid malolactic fermentation. The French, and anyone who likes Chard would laugh me out of town for this heresy. Most of the time when I drink white wine, its while Im cooking. If Im cooking, I like something crisp, dry, and fruity. What this means in terms of winemaking is that I do very very little to my white wines other than make sure that the acidity is where I want it at crush and keep it all clean. Filtering is nice for whites, in my opinion, because of how important the appearance of a white wine is. But, to tell you the truth, Ive made really really beautiful and tasty ...
Shop Robert Mondavi Winery Wine Red Napa Valley Cabernet Sauvignon - 750 Ml from Safeway. Browse our wide selection of Cabernet Sauvignon for Delivery or Drive Up & Go to pick up at the store!
Publications: Evaluation of non-Saccharomyces wine yeasts for the production of wines with lower alcohol concentration. Contreras, A., Hidalgo, C., Henschke, P.A., Chambers, P.J., Curtin, C., Varela, C. Appl. Environ. Microbiol. (2014) 80: 1670-1678. Relationships between harvest time and wine composition in Vitis vinifera L. cv. Cabernet Sauvignon 2. Wine sensory properties and consumer preference. Bindon, K., Holt, H., Williamson, P., Varela, C., Herderich, M., Francis, L. Food Chem. (2014) 154: 90-101.. Relationships between harvest time and wine composition in Vitis vinifera L. cv. Cabernet Sauvignon 1. Grape and wine chemistry. Bindon, K., Varela, C., Kennedy, J., Holt, H., Herderich, M. Food Chem. (2013) 138: 1696-1705. Evaluation of gene modification strategies to develop low-alcohol wine yeasts. Varela, C., Kutyna, D.R., Solomon, M., Black, C.A., Borneman, A., Henschke, P.A., Pretorius, I.S., Chambers, P.J. Appl. Environ. Microbiol. (2012) 78: 6068-6077. Two strings to the systems ...
A New Orleans study has revealed a new antioxidant that is believed to be more potent that vitamin C, E, and beta-carotene. This new disease-fighting substance is said to be found in red grapes, whose juice and skin may offer more than just wine. The antioxidant red grapes are contained in the seeds of the fruit. Scientists say that these antioxidant red grapes may offer significant protection against certain types of cancer, heart disease, rheumatoid arthritis, cataracts, and many other chronic and degenerative diseases.. The new study on antioxidant red grapes, released in April 9, was conducted by researchers at Creighton University in Omaha. The group of researchers who conducted the study say that a compound extracted from the seeds of red grapes called Activin ™ is that substance with powerful antioxidant red grapes properties. Because of its apparent powerful benefits, Activin was dubbed as the super antioxidant red grapes.. During the research, the group tested the ability of the ...
North Americas next generation of wine and winegrape growing researchers got an added boost last week in Seattle when the American Society for Enology and Viticulture (ASEV) awarded over $60,000 in scholarships and announced recipients of the best student oral and poster research presentation awards.. More than 500 wine industry leaders, researchers and other academic representatives attended the Societys National Conference, which focused on current winemaking and grape growing research issues vital to the rapidly evolving and competitive wine industry.. The Society has a long tradition of recognizing and supporting future leaders in the wine industry, said ASEV Executive Director Lyndie Boulton. The success of our industry hinges on the innovations, ideas and research that the next generation will deliver, and the ASEV regards our efforts to foster that through scholarships, networking opportunities and programs as vital.. Students recognized for their wine and grape research ...
We estimated genetic and environmental variance components for fruit quality traits (cluster weight, berry weight, soluble solids content, total sugar content, sugar composition, free acid content, total amino acid content, amino acid composition), and a functional trait (gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) content) of three commercial tetraploid table grape cultivars (Kyoho, Pione, Suiho) grown in Japan over three successive years. ANOVA showed that the effect of genotype was significant (P | 0.05) for all traits except soluble solids content and total sugar content. The effect of the year was significant for all traits except amino acid composition (γ ratio) and GABA content. The variance of genotype (σ g 2 ) was highest for γ ratio (63.6%), high in sugar composition (α ratio, 60.3%) and GABA content (58.8%), and negligible for soluble solids content (0.0%) and total sugar content (0.0%). The variance of among years (σ y 2 ) was very high in soluble solids content (82.8%), high in total sugar content
8. POTENTIAL FOR GRAPE PRODUCTION DEVELOPMENT. As described above, the establishment of vineyards in China is different from that of other countries in the world and most of the grape production is for table grapes. Although the wine industry has made rapid progress in recent years, the per capita production of wine remains small, as low as about 0.2 L per person. This production is far below the average wine consumption in the world (about 7 L per person) and does not satisfy the current consumption requirements of the Chinese people. This deficiency in production has resulted in the following situation in the country.. Firstly, many new wine companies and wineries have sprung up like mushrooms in recent years. There were about 240 wine companies and wineries by 1995, after a development phase spanning over a century in China, but an additional 200 wine companies and wineries were founded only during 1996 and 1997. The wine production capacity was almost doubled during these two years, mostly ...
This research investigated yeast populations and diversity during pre-fermentation cold maceration and alcoholic fermentation of Vitis vinifera L. cv. Pinot noir grapes from a commercial vineyard (Dayton, OR). Fermentations were conducted at the Oregon State University research winery in 100 L tanks while grapes from the same vineyard lot were fermented at a commercial winery. Samples were taken daily during pre-fermentation maceration (9°C) and alcoholic fermentation (27°C) and plated on WL and lysine media to determine Saccharomyces and non-Saccharomyces populations and diversity. Total non-Saccharomyces populations increased from 1 x 10³ cfu/mL to 1 x 10⁵ cfu/mL during pre-fermentation cold maceration and reached a maximum of 1 x 10⁷ cfu/mL during alcoholic fermentation. Thirteen distinct yeast species were tentatively identified based on appearance on WL media and were initially screened for β-glucosidase activity using 4-methyllumbelliferyl-β-D-gluconopyranoside (4-MUG) plates. The ...
November 28, 2003. Thanks to their genes, some grape plants are better able than others to shrug off attack by disease-causing microbes. Agricultural Research Service scientists and their university colleagues are systematically hunting for genes that enable grapevines to fight a devastating microbe called Xylella fastidiosa. This microbe causes Pierces disease of grapes. Infected vines can easily weaken and die. X. fastidiosa makes that happen by accumulating in clumps that block the normal flow of water and nutrients inside the plant. Plant physiologist Hong Lin of the ARS San Joaquin Valley Agricultural Sciences Center in Parlier, Calif., is doing the gene-hunting experiments. Hes working with M. Andrew Walker of the University of California, Davis and David W. Ramming, an ARS research horticulturist and grape breeder at Parlier. In the confines of a research greenhouse, the scientists are infecting hundreds of grapevines with X. fastidiosa, then are looking for those that are either highly ...
Diaz-Lara, A.; Klassen, V.; Sudarshana, M. R.; A., Rowhani; Maree, H. J.; Chooi, K. M.; Blouin, A. G.; Habili, N.; Aram, K.; Arnold, K.; Cooper, M. L.; Wunderlich, L.; Battany, M. C.; Bettiga, L. J.; Smith, R. J.; Preece, J. E.; Golino, D. and Al Rwahnih (2018). Characterization of grapevine leafroll-associated virus 3 genetic variants and application towards RT-qPCR assay design ...
RJ: I think on hiatus, Ive been trying to figure out, I really enjoy writing about wine. It does take a whole lot of time the way I do it. I was trying to think of ways to be more relevant. I have had a lot of requests over the years for recommendations for grocery store Chardonnay. It is really a wine for daily life. It seemed to me I might be doing a service by letting people know what are the better labels. I remembered back to when I got introduced to wine. I would read wine columns, but the only place I knew to buy wine was the grocery store. Part of me hoped the revolution in Chardonnay might be reflected at the grocery store Chardonnay level. I didnt find that to be the case ...
Grape seed is a by-product from the making of wine from grapes. Grape seed may also be known as Grape Seed Extract, Grape Seed Oil, Extrait de Feuille de Raisin, Extrait de Peau de Raisin, Extrait de Pepins de Raisin, Huile de Pépins de Raisin, and other names. Grape seed should not be confused with grapefruit juice or...
Evening Land Willamette Valley Martin Scott Wines Pinot Noir 2011 reviews, ratings, wine pairings, LCBO, BCLDB, SAQ store stock, price, wine searcher, food pairing for this Pinot Noir Red Wine
Grape must harbors a complex community of yeast species responsible for spontaneous alcoholic fermentation. Although there are detailed studies on the microbiota of Vitis vinifera L. grapes, less is known about the diversity and behavior of yeast communities present on fermenting grape must from other species of Vitis. In this work, we used a culture-dependent method to study the identity and dynamics of the indigenous yeast population present during the spontaneous fermentation of Isabella (Vitis labrusca L.) grape must. Alcoholic fermentation was conducted using standard enological practices, and the associated non-Saccharomyces and S. cerevisiae yeast community was analyzed using selective growth media and 5.8-ITS DNA sequencing. Candida californica, Candida hellenica, Starmerella bacillaris (synonym Candida zemplinina), Hanseniaspora uvarum and Hanseniaspora vineae were the main non-Saccharomyces species identified on Isabella fermenting must. Issatchenkia hanoiensis, a yeast species rarely found on
2018 Sierra Mar Pinot Noir. Sierra Mar is a superb vineyard planted by the renowned grower Gary Franscioni on a dramatic hilltop location at the southern end of the Santa Lucia Highlands. We at Bernardus are honored to be among the few to receive both Pinot Noir and Chardonnay from this SLH super star.. We have chosen two from among the several clones of Pinot Noir planted here: the celebrated Pisoni clone and Dijon clone 828. At Bernardus, we use only hand-picked and hand-sorted grapes for our wines. Our 2018 Sierra Mar Pinot exudes beautiful aromas of ripe plum and hints of cola. The palate is full and intense, showing bright flavors of ripe red fruits and subtle oak notes, which linger on its long finish.. Fermentation: All our Pinots are hand-picked, hand-sorted and destemmed. We then gently pump the grapes into small fermenters retaining a maximum of whole berries. Each vat is inoculated with a specially selected yeast and hand punched or pumped over twice daily throughout fermentation. ...
In western Oregon the titratable acidity of grapes at harvest may in some seasons be higher than desirable for making quality wine, due to the retention of malic acid. The purposes of this study were 1) to investigate the effects of a vineyard cultural practice, cluster exposure at veraison by basal leaf removal, as a means of reducing the malate content and titratable acidity of grapes, and 2) to develop a rapid, simple, and inexpensive test procedure by which smaller wineries and vineyards could evaluate the effects of their own field experiments on the malate and tartrate content of their grapes. 1. At veraison, clusters of Chardonnay grapes were a) exposed to the sun by removal of all leaves opposite or below the clusters, b) treated as in a) but shaded with shadecloth, c) exposed to the sun by tying back leaves opposite or below the clusters, or d) left untreated as a control. Clusters of White Riesling were exposed to the sun by similar leaf removal a) 10 days before veraison, b) 10 days ...
Description. Winemaking Notes. Our 2018 Chalk Hill Chardonnay boasts toasty vanilla and spice due to time spent in seasoned French oak barrels during fermentation. During the 11 months of barrel aging, we regularly stirred the lees in barrel, which imparts an elegant fullness and creamy texture on the palate. In the glass, the wine is both creamy and crisp, with flavors of golden pear, vanilla, Meyer lemon and a hint of minerality on the long finish. Enjoy over the next one to three years with soft cheeses, fresh crab or roasted pork loin.. History. In 1965, our founder Rod Strong was the first to plant Chardonnay in what would later be recognized as the Chalk Hill American Viticultural Area (AVA), established officially in 1983. He recognized the region as distinct from the rest of Russian River Valley for its unique, volcanically-derived, chalky white ash soils, which impart a subtle mineral character to wines grown there.. The Vineyards. Storms in late winter gave the vines plenty of water ...
First, I would like to thank the hosts of this event for so kindly including me. I have been focused on Chardonnay these past few years, so for me this was a great perspective on vintage, style, and aging of Pinot Noir given my recent purchase of an Eola vineyard with Pinot. I focused my tasting on the more notable aromatics and palate flavors for ID profiling, not as much on quality level or preferences on style/AVA/geology. That said, I have indicated my preferred wines wine an asterisk. Ultimately - the svelte complexity of the wines from the Dundee Hills is marked. At times I confused Yamhill-Carlton initially due to what I perceived to be a monolithic flight, but in Y-C the acid and oak do not headline as prevalently, and were not as high-sparkle polished. Ribbon Ridge seems to provide more space (less density) and less spice than Dundee. For me, bright salinity and spice definitely be more prevalent in EAH and Polk County, but with varying tannin textures/loads and spice profiles. Thank ...
Excellent vintages like 1968, 74, 78, 84, 85 and 86 and the cabernet wines they produced caught the attention of wine buffs all over the country and in the Old World. It didnt hurt that two Napa Valley wines, Chateau Montelena Chadonnay 1973 and Stags Leap Wine Cellars SLV Cabernet Sauvignon 1973, beat their counterparts from Burgundy and Bordequx in the ground-breaking (and infamous) Paris Tasting of 1976. Napa Valley became a name to conjure with in terms of cabernet sauvignon, though of course most of these wineries also made other sorts of wine: merlot, zinfandel, pinot noir, chardonnay, sauvignon blanc. The third generation, coming into prominence in the 1990s and often involving huge outlays of fiduciary prowess in acquiring expensive vineyard land and building showplace facilties, includes such cult wineries as Screaming eagle, Harlan Estate, Bryant Family and Colgin, followed in the 21st Century by such recent additions as Sloan Estate and Hundred Acre, most sold primarily by ...
Tagged Rich in vitamin A, B, C; potent alpha-hydroxy acid (tartaric acid), rich in resveratrol antioxidant; powerful antioxidant, antibacterial, anti-inflammatory benefits, promotes skin rejuvenation The post Organic white grape (vitis vinifera) juice appeared first on Juice Beauty Blog.
Name: Grape Seed Extract Botanical Source: Grape seed extract is derivatives from the non-fermented whole grape seeds (Vitis vinifera L.), that have a great concentration of OPC, polyphenol, vitamin E, flavonoids and linoleic acid....
Grapes are a great backyard choice if youre seeking delicious juice, some wine to savor or snacks fresh from the vine. Grapevines need a lot of attention and as many as five years to mature from bare-root plants. Does your preference run to table grapes or wine grapes? Do you plan to use chemical pesticides and herbicides or go organic? If you are simply hoping to plant some table grapes to enjoy for home consumption, you do not need a vineyard, he said. Vines planted for training on a trellis normally are spaced 8 feet apart, while those planted for training on an arbor can be placed 4 feet apart, said Gary Gao, a small-fruit specialist with Ohio State University Extension. Photosynthesis uses energy from the sun to convert carbon dioxide to sugar.
Seedlessness is an important feature of some fruits of commerce. Commercial cultivars of bananas and pineapples are examples of seedless fruits. Some cultivars of citrus fruits (especially navel oranges and mandarin oranges), table grapes, grapefruit, and watermelons are valued for their seedlessness. In some species, seedlessness is the result of parthenocarpy, where fruits set without fertilization. Parthenocarpic fruit set may or may not require pollination. Most seedless citrus fruits require a pollination stimulus; bananas and pineapples do not. Seedlessness in table grapes results from the abortion of the embryonic plant that is produced by fertilization, a phenomenon known as stenospermocarpy which requires normal pollination and fertilization ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Environmental conditions affect Botrytis cinerea infection of mature grape berries more than the strain or transposon genotype. AU - Rossi, Vittorio. AU - Ciliberti, Nicola. AU - Ciliberti, Nicola. AU - Fermaud, Marc. AU - Roudet, Jean. PY - 2015. Y1 - 2015. N2 - Effects of environment, Botrytis cinerea strain, and their interaction on the infection of mature grape berries were investigated. Our data collectively showed that (i) T and RH or WD were more important than strain for mature berry infection by either mycelium or conidia and (ii) the effect of the environment on the different strains was similar. Two equations were developed describing the combined effect of T and RH, or T andWD, on disease incidence following inoculation by mycelium (R2 = 0.99) or conidia (R2 = 0.96), respectively.. AB - Effects of environment, Botrytis cinerea strain, and their interaction on the infection of mature grape berries were investigated. Our data collectively showed that (i) T and RH or WD ...
Family Features) Fall is the perfect time to welcome warm, robust flavors to your kitchen as well as your wine glass. With its bold, spicy, dark fruit flavors, cabernet sauvignon is a perfect wine for crisp fall weather.. Cabernet sauvignon is more versatile for pairing than some believe. It pairs well with different cheeses, meats, hearty vegetables and even fish. The key to creating a great dining experience is balancing the flavor of the meal with an elegantly balanced wine. When cooking, consider the three main flavors: sweet, salty and sour.. Sweet sauces can make cabernet sauvignon taste harsh and astringent, which takes away from the fresh fruit flavors in the wine. However, sour and salty flavors can make the wine taste more vibrant, creating a velvety mouthfeel of soft tannins while making the fruit taste more pronounced.. A well-balanced cabernet, such as Sequoia Grove Winerys Napa Valley Cabernet Sauvignon, pairs well with any meat or fish that is prepared with an acidic sauce or ...
Bushfires are increasing in number and intensity due to climate change. A newly developed low-cost electronic nose (e-nose) was tested on wines made from grapevines exposed to smoke in field trials. E-nose readings were obtained from wines from five experimental treatments: (i) low-density smoke exposure (LS), (ii) high-density smoke exposure (HS), (iii) high-density smoke exposure with in-canopy misting (HSM), and two controls: (iv) control (C; no smoke treatment) and (v) control with in-canopy misting (CM; no smoke treatment). These e-nose readings were used as inputs for machine learning algorithms to obtain a classification model, with treatments as targets and seven neurons, with 97% accuracy in the classification of 300 samples into treatments as targets (Model 1). Models 2 to 4 used 10 neurons, with 20 glycoconjugates and 10 volatile phenols as targets, measured: in berries one hour after smoke (Model 2; R = 0.98; R2 = 0.95; b = 0.97); in berries at harvest (Model 3; R = 0.99; R2 = 0.97; ...
The only source is an old "Vita S. Magni", which however contains so many obvious anachronisms that little reliance can be ...
"PLANTS Profile for Vitis (grape)". USDA. Retrieved November 16, 2009.. *^ GRIN. "Species in GRIN for genus Vitis". Taxonomy for ... Most Vitis species have 38 chromosomes (n=19),[9] but 40 (n=20) in Vitis rotundifolia (subgenus Muscadinia).[citation needed] ... The fruit of several Vitis species are grown commercially for consumption as fresh grapes and for fermentation into wine. Vitis ... "Vitis riparia (Frost grape) (Vitis vulpina)". The Universal Protein Resource (UniProt). The UniProt Consortium. Retrieved ...
Vita privata[modifica , modifica wikitesto]. Arif era sposato con Latife, una drammaturga. Il loro figlio, Yusuf "Joe" Muhittin ... La vita di Arif, su URL consultato il 25-05-2006. ...
Vita and Harold: 1930-1968[edit]. Vita[edit]. Main article: Vita Sackville-West ... 1992). Vita & Harold - The Letters of Vita Sackville-West and Harold Nicolson 1910-1962. London: Orion Books. ISBN 978-1-85799- ... Vita intensely disliked the result.[58] Vita died in the first-floor bedroom of the Priest's House on 2 June 1962.[59] Harold ... In 1930, the estate was bought by Vita Sackville-West. Vita and Harold were seeking an alternative refuge as their home Long ...
Vitis. 50 (2): 73-79. Düker, A.; Kubiak, R. (2009). "Stem application of metalaxyl for the protection of Vitis vinifera L. (' ... Düker, A.; Kubiak, R. (2011). "Stem injection of triazoles for the protection of Vitis vinifera L. ('Riesling') against powdery ... Riesling') leaves and grapes against downy mildew (Plasmopara viticola)" (PDF). Vitis. 48 (1): 43-48. Jamar, L.; Cavelier, M.; ...
Sémillon' is an ancestor of 'Catawba' and 'Concord'" (PDF). Vitis. 55 (11): 53-56. doi:10.5073/vitis.2016.55.53-56.[permanent ... Vitis vinifera cv. 'Sémillon' is an ancestor of 'Catawba' and 'Concord'". doi:10.5073/vitis.2016.55.53-56. S2CID 87513053. Cite ... this purplish-red grape is a likely cross of the native American Vitis labrusca and the Vitis vinifera cultivar Semillon. Its ... Like many Vitis labrusca varieties, the Catawba grapevine has large leaves that can be mono-lobed or moderately three-lobed ...
Vitis. 34 (1): 51-56. doi:10.5073/vitis.1995.34.51-56. Dufour, C; Bayonove, C. L. (1999). "Interactions between wine ... Vitis vinifera produces many phenolic compounds. There is a varietal effect on the relative composition. In red wine, up to 90 ... Flavonol profiles of Vitis vinifera red grapes and their single-cultivar wines. Castillo-Munoz Noelia, Gomez-Alonso Sergio, ... The European vine family Vitis vinifera is characterized by anthocyanins that are composed of only one molecule of glucose ...
Florenzano G, Balloni W, Materassi R (1977). "Contributo alla ecologia dei lieviti Schizosaccharomyces sulle uve". Vitis. 16: ...
"Genetic relationships among local Vitis vinifera cultivars from Campania (Italy)" (PDF). Vitis. 44: 25-34. Archived from the ... Saunders Wine Label Language pg 128-216 Firefly Books 2004 ISBN 1-55297-720-X Vitis International Variety Catalogue (VIVC) ...
Vitis. 34 (1): 51-56. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2013-12-03. Retrieved 2013-06-24. Kamimura, A; Takahashi, T (2002). " ...
Vol 4, Nummer 8, 1873, S. 40, (online). Vitis. ?? In: Bulletin of the Torrey Botanical Club. Vol 5, S. 233-234?, S. 310-311?. ... Vol 8, 1883, 175-176, (online). Vitis palmata, Vahl. In: Botanical Gazette. Vol 8, 1883, S. 254-255, (online). [Review] ...
"Genetic relationships among local Vitis vinifera cultivars from Campania (Italy)" (PDF). Vitis. 44: 25-34. Archived from the ...
"HEBEN". Vitis International Variety Catalogue VIVC. Julius Kühn-Institut - Federal Research Centre for Cultivated Plants (JKI ... 2015). "Pedigree analysis of the Spanish grapevine cultivar 'Hebén'". Vitis. 54: 81-86. Retrieved 2017-09-17.CS1 maint: uses ...
Vitis. 55: 135-143. doi:10.5073/vitis.2016.55.135-143. Archived from the original on 2017-02-07. Retrieved 2016-11-24. J. ... 1993 Vitis International Variety Catalogue (VIVC) Blaufränkisch Archived 2012-01-21 at the Wayback Machine Accessed: January ...
Vitis. 55: 135-143. doi:10.5073/vitis.2016.55.135-143. Archived from the original on 2017-02-07. Retrieved 2016-11-24. J. ...
Hvarleva, T; Hadjinicoli, A.; Atanassov, I.; Atanassov, A.; Ioannou, N. (2005). "Genotyping Vitis vinifera L. cultivars of ... Cyprus by microsatellite analysis". Vitis. 44 (2): 93-97. Mastropavlos, Nikos. "Οι δρόμοι του κρασιού στη Μεγαλόνησο". tovima. ...
Vitis. 55: 135-143. doi:10.5073/vitis.2016.55.135-143. H. Johnson & J. Robinson The World Atlas of Wine pg 253 Mitchell Beazley ...
Vitis. 34 (3): 171-5. v t e. ...
"Entity Display : Vitis vinifera". "Vitis vinifera". "Entity Display : Wisteria floribunda". ... "Entity Display : Vitis amurensis". 12 January 2013. Archived from the original on 12 January 2013. "Entity Display ... "Entity Display : Vitis labrusca". 12 January 2013. Archived from the original on 12 January 2013. "GRIN #1287". ... Vitis californica". 12 January 2013. Archived from the original on 12 January 2013. "GRIN #1285". npgsweb.ars-grin ...
"Vitis latifolia". Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN). Agricultural Research Service (ARS), United States Department ... Vitis latifolia, which was described scientifically in 1824. The species was moved to Ampelocissus by Jules Émile Planchon in ...
"Vitis US". Origins Centre. Archived from the original on 10 December 2008. Retrieved 10 May 2009. "Ramfest 2010 , Ramfest 2010 ...
Moraceae) Grape, called raisin, sultana, or currant when it is dried (Vitis spp.; Vitaceae) Jujube (Ziziphus zizyphus; ... American elderberry (Sambucus canadensis; Adoxaceae) American grape: North American species (e.g., Vitis labrusca; Vitaceae) ... and American-European hybrids are grown where grape (Vitis vinifera) is not hardy and are used as rootstocks American mayapple ... Cauliflower Centaurium Fennel Kale Kohlrabi Vitis vinifera Fruits in this category are not hardy to extreme cold, as the ...
Invasive Species: 1. Vitis 2. Reynoutria japonica (syn. Fallopia japonica) 3. Alliaria petiolata 4. Lonicera japonica 5. ...
"Vitis (Melody)". Retrieved 23 June 2011. "Our Wines". Wagner Vineyards. Retrieved 23 June 2011.. ...
Burnham, Robyn J. (2014). "Vitis riparia". CLIMBERS: Censusing Lianas in Mesic Biomes of Eastern Regions. University of ...
vitis Sanctor. (Cologne, 1571), II, 857-864; Tillemont, Memoires (Brussels, 1732), V, 219 sqq., 352 sqq. Catholic Encyclopedia ...
". "Tipaume Preparations for life" (PDF). Vitis Magazine. 30 November 2017. Main website (Spanish) Coordinates: 34°23′22″S 70° ...
Citrus spp., Vitis spp., Bambusa spp., Bambusa multiplex, Bambusa polymorpha, Bambusa tulda, Bambusa vulgaris, Dendrocalamus ...
Vitis, Italo De; Pianelli, Giovanna; Gesuita, Rosaria; Carle, Flavia; Mandolesi, Alessandra; Bearzi, Italo; Fasano, Alessio (1 ...
The most common vines are greenbrier (Smilax spp.), grape (Vitis spp.), poison-ivy (Toxicodendron radicans), and Virginia ...
EVANGELIUM VITAE. ADDRESSED BY THE SUPREME PONTIFF. POPE JOHN PAUL II. TO ALL THE BISHOPS, PRIESTS, AND DEACONS. MEN AND WOMEN ... 27 Vita autem hominis visio Dei: Adversus Haereses, IV, 20, 7: SCh 100/2, 648- 649. ... Address to the National Congress of Italian Jurists (9 December 1972): AAS 64 (1972), 777; Encyclical Letter Humanae Vitae (25 ... 132 John Paul II, Motu Proprio Vitae Mysterium (11 February 1994), 4: AAS 86 (1994), 386-387. ...
"PLANTS Profile for Vitis (grape)". USDA. Retrieved November 16, 2009.. *^ GRIN. "Species in GRIN for genus Vitis". Taxonomy for ... Most Vitis species have 38 chromosomes (n=19),[9] but 40 (n=20) in Vitis rotundifolia (subgenus Muscadinia).[citation needed] ... The fruit of several Vitis species are grown commercially for consumption as fresh grapes and for fermentation into wine. Vitis ... "Vitis riparia (Frost grape) (Vitis vulpina)". The Universal Protein Resource (UniProt). The UniProt Consortium. Retrieved ...
"SEINet - Arizona Chapter - Vitis arizonica". Retrieved May 4, 2017.. *^ United States Department of ... Tropicos, specimen reports for Vitis arizonica Engelm.. *^ Littlefield, Larry J.; Burns, Pearl M. (2015). Wildflowers of the ... "Vitis arizonica". Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN). Agricultural Research Service (ARS), United States Department ... Vitis arizonica is a North American species of wild grape. It is a deciduous vine. ...
Retrieved from "" ...
Aujourdhui, les consommateurs se posent beaucoup de questions sur leur santé, les produits quils consomment sont-ils sains, respectueux de lenvironnement ...
... BRIZELA CARMEN MIRANDA RUIZ Dirección: Jr. Macará N° 174 Int.16 Urb. Zarumilla - SMP … ... Curriculum vitae * 1. CURRICULUM VITAE BRIZELA CARMEN MIRANDA RUIZ Dirección: Jr. Macará N° 174 Int.16 Urb. Zarumilla - SMP ...
... Solutions-oriented Analysis possessing a unique combination of skills, including business analysis, quality ... Curriculum Vitae * 1. YASHWANTH M.R # 191, 13th cross, Near Giber tools, Kariyanapalya, St. Thomas town post, Bangalore, ... Curriculum Vitae * 2. Experience Sr. Analyst Oct 2013 to Present Ugam Solutions - Bangalore, Karnataka  Developed statistical ...
Vita line of fashion dolls. All doll-lovers are welcome This year Horsman celebrates 150 years of excellence in innorvation and ... VITAs Urban Legends Group is a Public Group with 136 members.. *VITAs Urban Legends Group ...
Vita line of fashion dolls. All doll-lovers are welcome This year Horsman celebrates 150 years of excellence in innorvation and ... VITAs Urban Legends Group is a Public Group with 135 members.. *VITAs Urban Legends Group ... Thanks, Ken, for the Un-prize of a pair of shoes! Vitae always need more shoes, don t they? Thanks, Terry for setting up an ... Thanks, Ken, for the Un-prize of a pair of shoes! Vitae always need more shoes, dont they? ...
Education. University of Wisconsin, Madison 2006 Ph.D., Department of Philosophy. Dissertation: Laughing at Art: Humor, Art, and Morality (Chair: Noël Carroll) University of Houston, TX 1997 BA Philosophy; BA History: Summa cum Laude. Areas of Specialization. Ethics , Philosophy of Art , Philosophy of Emotion. Areas of Competence. Philosophy of Agency , Political Philosophy , Philosophy of Religion , Bioethics. Publications. Books in Progress. Welfare, Meaning, and Worth (2017, Routledge) [ToC and Introduction]. Philosophy of Film: A Contemporary Introduction (Routledge, under contract) [Web site]. The Ethics of Imagination and Fantasy (OUP, under contract). Edited Books in Progress. Oxford Handbook to the Philosophy of Love, co-edited with Chris Grau. (OUP, under contract). Journal Articles. 2015. How Not to Defend Response Moralism Journal of Aesthetic Education 49.4 19-38. [download]. 2014. To be or Never to Have Been: Anti-Natalism and a Life Worth Living. Ethical Theory and Moral ...
Vitis vinifera is the scientific name for the European Wine Grape. This grape is the grape used to produce almost all wine. It ... vitis labrusca. malolactic fermentation. How to Graze your Land. Bordeaux mixture. Bully Hill Vineyards. Vitaceae. Pierces ... Vitis vinifera is the scientific name for the European Wine Grape. This grape is the grape used to produce almost all wine. It ...
... 1 rue Paul Mesplé. 31100 Toulouse. FRANCE. phone: +33562480306. fax: e-mail: datacenter (at) agoravita (dot) ...
Curriculum Vitae , Academics , Colleges and Schools , Graduate Schools , School of Law , School of Law Faculty ... Home Document downloads Academics Colleges and Schools Graduate Schools School of Law School of Law Faculty Curriculum Vitae ...
SC Center of Excellence for Mobile Learning (CML). Anderson University, July 2013 - August 2016. Funded by the SC Commission on Higher Education under the auspices of the EIA Centers of Excellence Grant Program, this project focuses on the purposeful integration of mobile technologies and mobile learning principles to support the development of a state-of-the-art teacher preparation program, provide innovative learning experiences in K12 partner schools, and serve as a statewide leader in training and professional development for inservice teachers and teacher educators.. Duties: Serve as principal investigator, project director, and lead researcher. Responsibilities included designing and conducting research related to the project, assisting in the management of the project, acting as the primary liaison between the district and school leaders, and coordinating technology uses. Principal Investigators: Deaton, B., Walworth, M., Deaton, C., & Linder, S.. Project TEAMS (Teaching Environmental and ...
Volunteering with VITA requires registration and certification annually. Training may be taken from the convenience of your ...
arbor vitae* Common name for five species of trees or shrubs of the genus Thuja, resinous, evergreen conifers of the cypress ... arbor vitae. Thuja articulata, or white cedar, with figured parts called Tigerwood and Pantherwood, used for inlay, also ... arbor vitae Common name for five species of trees or shrubs of the genus Thuja, resinous, evergreen conifers of the cypress ... JAMES STEVENS CURL "arbor vitae ." A Dictionary of Architecture and Landscape Architecture . . 24 Feb. 2020 , ...
Is curriculum vitae both the singular and the plural? Does it become curiculums vitae when pluralised in English, or is the ... The plural listed in this entry is curricula vitae. Does that seem wrong? Rod (A. Smith) 07:06, 21 July 2006 (UTC) Why? ... The given pronunciation is not how I say "vitae". Am I wrong, or is there some variation? 11:04, 1 January 2011 ( ... I would also find "curriculums vitae" and "CVs" acceptable plurals, though the former would be frowned upon by purists since ...
In 1991 he was appointed assistant professor in the group Industrial Processes and Product of K.R. Westerterp. His main focus was on education and research in de field of process simulation, process design and evaluation. Since 1999 he was also involved in the PD-Eng program and together with H. van den Berg responsible for the process plant design project, a major part of the PD-Eng program. In 2003 he switched to the Separation Technology group of A.B. de Haan and was responsible for education in the field of process simulation, design and separation technology and research in the field of adsorption and solvent impregnated resin technology. After a major reorganisation of the faculty he joined the Membrane Science and Technology group of Matthias Wessling. In 2008 he was appointed par-time program coordinator of the Chemical Engineering Bachelor and Master program ...
Rick Driessen was born in September 1992. He grew up in Groessen (The Netherlands) where he joined secondary school at Candea College, Duiven. In September 2010 he started his bachelor degree in Chemical Engineering at the University of Twente. He graduated in July 2014 on the topic Fast degradation in microfluidic reactors using dense immobilized TiO2 films at the group of Soft Matter, Fluidics and Interfaces (University of Twente). Rick started his master degree in Chemical Engineering, with a specialization in Chemical and Process Engineering, in September 2010. In September 2016 he graduated with honors (cum laude) on the topic Development of a multistage fluidized bed for deep H2S removal from natural gas. During his studies he was an active member of study association Alembic as a board member and member of various committees.. Currently, Rick works on the Compact Advanced Sour gas Processing (CASPer) project of the Institute for Sustainable Process Technology (ISPT) as a PhD ...
... Dr. Bernd Marler Senior Lecturer (Akademischer Oberrat). Address: Department of Geology, Mineralogy and ...
... CAREER OBJECTIVE To obtain a position that will allow me to utilize my technical skills and willingness to ... Curriculum Vitae. CAREER OBJECTIVE To obtain a position that will allow me to utilize my technical skills and willingness to ...
Vita Mix n. Enter Forum Want to know how you can Get A Vita Mix Machine at a fantastic price? Email us with your name, the ... state you are in, and tell us please, how you heard about Vita Mix n? Did you see a demo at a fair? Does your friend have one ...
Flickr is almost certainly the best online photo management and sharing application in the world. Show off your favorite photos and videos to the world, securely and privately show content to your friends and family, or blog the photos and videos you take with a cameraphone.
Tutta la vita davanti (2008) 1h 57min , Comedy, Drama, Romance , 28 March 2008 (Italy) ... Cannes 2010: Daniele Luchettis La Nostra Vita Trailer And Poster 04 May 2010 , Filmofilia ...
"Vitis Boskoop Glory". RHS. Retrieved 5 March 2021. "RHS Plant Selector - Vitis Brant ". RHS. Retrieved 5 March 2021. "Vitis ... Just one, Vitis vinifera has Eurasian origins., Some of the more notable include: Vitis arizonica, The Arizona grape is native ... Vitis amurensis, native to the Asian continent, including parts of Siberia and China. Vitis vulpina, the frost grape, native to ... Media related to Vitis at Wikimedia Commons Data related to Vitis at Wikispecies List of 48 descriptors defined in the ...
Vitis Target Platforms for Alveo Accelerator Cards (Alveo U200, U280, U250 and U50) Vitis also offers a rich set of FPGA- ... The Vitis 2020.2 Developer AMI includes the following: - Vitis Core Development Kit - Comprehensive developer tools to compile ... Vitis 2020.2 Developer AMI. By: Xilinx Latest Version: 2020.2_1119_1 Develop Xilinx FPGA-accelerated algorithms & applications ... Using Vitis, you can develop FPGA-accelerated algorithms in familiar programming languages like C and C++, without any prior ...
See screenshots of LittleBigPlanet PS Vita: Browse dozens of high resolution images, screenshots, wallpapers, pictures, artwork ...
325411 Medicinal and Botanical Manufacturing Source for information on Vita Plus Corporation: International Directory of ... Vita Plus Corporation 1508 West Badger Road Madison, Wisconsin 53704 U.S.A. Telephone: (608) 256-1988 Web site: https://www. ... "Vita Plus Expands," Capital Times, November 8, 1967.. "Vita-Plus Offers Research Facilities," Wisconsin State Journal, July 28 ... "Vita Plus Opens Canadian Branch," Wisconsin State Journal, November 26, 1972.. "Vita Plus Purchases Feedmill," Wisconsin State ...
Listen to Vi Ta Lee now.. Listen to Vi Ta Lee in full in the Spotify app ... Aliases : Vi Ta Lee (solo project), Apex Mind (member), The Illuminati (member), Angry Tolerance (member), Stereo Freax (Member ... Forgotten Moments - Marina Borodina & Vi ta Lee Techno Remix - Lenny DeeMarina Borodina ... Forgotten Moments - Marina Borodina & Vi ta Lee Hardcore Remix - Lenny DeeMarina Borodina ...
Welcome to the Dolce Vita Esthetique fan page! At Dolce Vita Esthetique we offer the highest quality... ... DOLCE VITA ESTHETIQUE updated their cover photo.. · February 12 at 5:00am · ... DOLCE VITA ESTHETIQUE updated their profile picture.. · January 23 at 5:42am · ... ...
  • In many species, such as Vitis vinifera , each successfully pollinated flower becomes a grape berry with the inflorescence turning into a cluster of grapes. (
  • Other parts of the vine include the tendrils which are leaf-opposed, branched in Vitis vinifera , and are used to support the climbing plant by twining onto surrounding structures such as branches or the trellising of a vine-training system . (
  • The wine grape Vitis vinifera originated in southern Europe and southwestern Asia. (
  • Vitis vinifera , the European grapevine. (
  • Most Vitis species are found mostly in the temperate regions of the Northern Hemisphere in North America and eastern Asia, exceptions being a few in the tropics and the wine grape Vitis vinifera which originated in southern Europe and southwestern Asia. (
  • Just one, Vitis vinifera has Eurasian origins. (
  • Vitis vinifera L. (
  • Vitis vinifera is the scientific name for the European Wine Grape . (
  • Vitis Vinifera is the technical name for grape seed extract, which is used in cosmetics and personal care products because of its natural antioxidant properties. (
  • Vitis Vinifera has been traditionally used as a wound healer and anti-inflammatory, dating back to European folk healers (Wikipedia). (
  • According to Lush , a UK-based cosmetics company, Vitis Vinifera can not only help condition and treat the skin, but also acts as a natural preservative. (
  • Although AHAs can exfoliate the top layer of the skin, making it more susceptible to UV damage, Vitis Vinifera is thought to have built in UV absorbers that would negate this harmful side effect ( ). (
  • Vitis Vinifera is considered a low hazard ingredient by the Cosmetics Database . (
  • Vitis ( grapevines ) is a genus of 79 accepted species [5] of vining plants in the flowering plant family Vitaceae . (
  • The genus Vitis is divided into two subgenera Euvitis Planch. (
  • arbor vitae Common name for five species of trees or shrubs of the genus Thuja, resinous, evergreen conifers of the cypress family native to North America and e Asia. (
  • Vitis tsoii is a species of wild grape in the Vitaceae family . (
  • Vitis aestivalis , the summer grape, native to the Eastern United States , especially the Southeastern United States . (
  • Vitis arizonica is a North American species of wild grape . (
  • Is curriculum vitae both the singular and the plural? (
  • Curricula is the nominative plural of the nominative singular curriculum , and vitae doesn't change since one is not describing multiple lives of a single person. (
  • I have to show my curriculum vitae. (
  • Please, can somebody help me with my Curriculum Vitae? (
  • Curriculum Vitae - could you have a look please? (
  • The curriculum vita is an academic resume and it is part of your graduate school application. (
  • There are several ways that you can format your curriculum Vitae, but there are several guidelines to which you'll want to adhere. (
  • This presentation from UCLA shows the steps to writing your curriculum vitae. (
  • The following is the curriculum vitae of Paul Josef Crutzen, born 3 December, 1933, in Amsterdam, Holland, Director at the Max-Planck-Institute for Chemistry in Mainz, Germany. (
  • I have just opened Yoel Hoffmann's Curriculum Vitae at random, somewhere in the middle. (
  • Such range of figuration is characteristic of Hoffmann's writing in Curriculum Vitae , a sharp specificity as of the latter which justifies the appropriate use of the former. (
  • Writing a strong medical curriculum vitae is crucial to achieving your medical career goals. (
  • Minimal duotone Curriculum Vitae designed for me and for everyone who wants to use it as inspiration, for free. (
  • Vitis coignetiae, the crimson glory vine, a species from East Asia grown as an ornamental plant for its crimson autumn foliage. (
  • Vitis coignetiae Pulliat ex Planch. (
  • Degron sent specimens to a Professor Planchon of Montpellier who named them Vitis coignetiae but did not retain them due to their low resistance to phylloxera. (
  • Vitis coignetiae Vitis coignetiae leaves. (
  • Vitis coignetiae vine growing in Cheshire, United Kingdom. (
  • Vitis coignetiae fruit cluster. (
  • Vitis coignetiae berries. (
  • Vitis coignetiae in Northern France. (
  • Available at: [accessed 15/02/21] Jung, D. B. (
  • Vitis riparia in the Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN) , U.S. Department of Agriculture Agricultural Research Service. (
  • Vitis riparia , the riverbank grapevine, sometimes used for winemaking and for jam. (
  • Vitis riparia Michx. (
  • Vitis cinerea (Engelm. (
  • The Plants Database includes the following 5 subspecies of Vitis cinerea . (
  • [1] Within Arizona, Vitis arizonica is found in all counties, except La Paz . (
  • Wikimedia Commons has media related to Vitis arizonica . (
  • Most Vitis species have 38 chromosomes (n=19), [9] but 40 (n=20) in Vitis rotundifolia (subgenus Muscadinia ). (
  • Vitis rotundifolia (syn. (
  • Vitis rotundifolia Michx. (
  • The Cave In/Old Man Gloom/Mutoid Man member's list includes friends (Sumac, Umbra Vitae, Mrs. Piss), icons (AC/DC, Pretenders), and more. (
  • This week's Notable Releases include Converge frontman J Bannon's new death metal band Umbra Vitae, DIY folk punks Days N Daze, Spanish post-hardcore band Viva Belgrado, and more. (
  • Jeff of Vancouver progressive death metallers Neck of the Woods has been rocking Umbra Vitae, Code Orange, Cult Leader, Jurassic 5, and more. (
  • 2001 wurde Umbra Vitae von 4 unsteten Seelen ins dunkle Leben gerufen. (
  • Umbra Vitae lässt sich in keine Schublade stecken. (
  • Vitis flexuosa Thunb. (
  • Vitis flexuosa is a deciduous Climber growing to 8 m (26ft 3in). (
  • Welcome speech by Mr Vitas Vasiliauskas , Chairman of the Board of the Bank of Lithuania, at the Kick-off Meeting of the EU Twinning Project for the National Bank of Ukraine, 9 March 2021. (
  • (
  • (
  • (
  • (
  • Vitis Unified Software Platform enables you to leverage the power of Xilinx adaptive computing platforms to accelerate diverse workloads like Vision & Image Processing, Data Analytics, Machine Learning, Quantitative Finance, High-Performance Computing (HPC) and others. (
  • Vitis brings the power of Xilinx FPGA-acceleration to all developers - Choose the level of abstraction you need! (
  • The Vitis™ AI development environment is Xilinx's development platform for AI inference on Xilinx hardware platforms, including both edge devices and Alveo cards. (
  • Vitis™ BLAS Library is a performance-optimized implementation of the standard Basic Linear Algebra Subroutines (BLAS), designed to bring you out-of-the-box acceleration on Xilinx platforms for a range of different applications like Multi-layer Perceptron (MLP) based Machine Learning, Computer Vision, Quantitative Finance among others. (
  • Drop-in and replace your CPU and GPU-based BLAS operations with the Vitis BLAS Library APIs for rapid prototyping and evaluation of performance benefits of Xilinx platforms. (
  • It's no secret that Sony has officially pulled the plug on its last gaming handheld but that was really only as far as production of the PlayStation Vita and its cartridges go. (
  • Netflix has announced that its movie and TV streaming service is landing on Sony's new PlayStation Vita (PS Vita) today, making it the first Sony handheld entertainment system to feature the service. (
  • Jump into the action with Unit 13 for PlayStation Vita and conquer 45 tactical missions as you help take down global terror networks and prove your place in the military elite. (
  • An update to the system software for PlayStation Vita systems and PlayStation TV systems was released on 10/16/19. (
  • Does it become curiculums vitae when pluralised in English, or is the Latin rule followed - in which case, what is the Latin rule for pluralising it? (
  • I would also find "curriculums vitae" and "CVs" acceptable plurals, though the former would be frowned upon by purists since the words are so clearly Latin. (
  • According to Robert C. Bjorklund in the November 16, 1969 issue of the Wisconsin State Journal, Hill once explained that Vita Plus was so named based on the fact that it involved vitamins, because the word "vita" meant "life" in Latin, and due to a concept that Hill's boyhood scoutmaster used to talk about - the "plus factor. (
  • PS Vita owners can download and install the Netflix application for free from the PlayStation Store, however it's only available to PS Vita users in Canada, the United States and across Latin America at the moment. (
  • Most Vitis varieties are wind-pollinated with hermaphroditic flowers containing both male and female reproductive structures. (
  • For a decade Sarah Raven lived at Sissinghurst with her family, surrounded by the work of Vita Sackville-West. (
  • NAO Cosmetics Coco Teeth Whitening får du eksklusivt hos VITA, VITA Exclusive og VITA.NO fra slutten av mai 2017! (
  • and where there's a gap, Vita encourages plants to grow in the walls. (
  • 4J Studios, which has handled porting and maintenance duties on Minecraft for a variety of platforms, has announced that work has wrapped on the Xbox 360, PS Vita, Wii U, and PlayStation 3 versions of the game. (
  • In 1960, Vita Plus added a market research department in response to an expanding product line and a growing distribution area. (
  • Vitis BLAS Library Primitives and Kernels provide greater flexibility and control while designing your own unique accelerated algorithms for deployment across edge, on-premise, or cloud. (
  • Vita Plus introduced a more scientific focus to its operations in 1961, when it established a 60-acre research center in Verona , Wisconsin, to study feeding methods. (
  • Are you sure you want to remove Amici a vita from your list? (
  • Most Vitis species are found in the temperate regions of the Northern Hemisphere in North America and Asia with a few in the tropics. (
  • Born into a globe trotting family, Vita Sgardello is a freelance writer and journalist who feels at home everywhere and nowhere. (
  • Dolce vita spa is now accepting spa finder gift cards. (
  • Dolce Vita always strives to be on the forefront of being creative and offering excellent food and service. (
  • In the wild, all species of Vitis are normally dioecious , but under domestication, variants with perfect flowers appear to have been selected. (