Retinol and derivatives of retinol that play an essential role in metabolic functioning of the retina, the growth of and differentiation of epithelial tissue, the growth of bone, reproduction, and the immune response. Dietary vitamin A is derived from a variety of CAROTENOIDS found in plants. It is enriched in the liver, egg yolks, and the fat component of dairy products.
Organic substances that are required in small amounts for maintenance and growth, but which cannot be manufactured by the human body.
A vitamin that includes both CHOLECALCIFEROLS and ERGOCALCIFEROLS, which have the common effect of preventing or curing RICKETS in animals. It can also be viewed as a hormone since it can be formed in SKIN by action of ULTRAVIOLET RAYS upon the precursors, 7-dehydrocholesterol and ERGOSTEROL, and acts on VITAMIN D RECEPTORS to regulate CALCIUM in opposition to PARATHYROID HORMONE.
A generic descriptor for all TOCOPHEROLS and TOCOTRIENOLS that exhibit ALPHA-TOCOPHEROL activity. By virtue of the phenolic hydrogen on the 2H-1-benzopyran-6-ol nucleus, these compounds exhibit varying degree of antioxidant activity, depending on the site and number of methyl groups and the type of ISOPRENOIDS.
A cobalt-containing coordination compound produced by intestinal micro-organisms and found also in soil and water. Higher plants do not concentrate vitamin B 12 from the soil and so are a poor source of the substance as compared with animal tissues. INTRINSIC FACTOR is important for the assimilation of vitamin B 12.
A nutritional condition produced by a deficiency of VITAMIN A in the diet, characterized by NIGHT BLINDNESS and other ocular manifestations such as dryness of the conjunctiva and later of the cornea (XEROPHTHALMIA). Vitamin A deficiency is a very common problem worldwide, particularly in developing countries as a consequence of famine or shortages of vitamin A-rich foods. In the United States it is found among the urban poor, the elderly, alcoholics, and patients with malabsorption. (From Cecil Textbook of Medicine, 19th ed, p1179)
A nutritional condition produced by a deficiency of VITAMIN D in the diet, insufficient production of vitamin D in the skin, inadequate absorption of vitamin D from the diet, or abnormal conversion of vitamin D to its bioactive metabolites. It is manifested clinically as RICKETS in children and OSTEOMALACIA in adults. (From Cecil Textbook of Medicine, 19th ed, p1406)
A family of phylloquinones that contains a ring of 2-methyl-1,4-naphthoquinone and an isoprenoid side chain. Members of this group of vitamin K 1 have only one double bond on the proximal isoprene unit. Rich sources of vitamin K 1 include green plants, algae, and photosynthetic bacteria. Vitamin K1 has antihemorrhagic and prothrombogenic activity.
VITAMIN B 6 refers to several PICOLINES (especially PYRIDOXINE; PYRIDOXAL; & PYRIDOXAMINE) that are efficiently converted by the body to PYRIDOXAL PHOSPHATE which is a coenzyme for synthesis of amino acids, neurotransmitters (serotonin, norepinephrine), sphingolipids, and aminolevulinic acid. During transamination of amino acids, pyridoxal phosphate is transiently converted into PYRIDOXAMINE phosphate. Although pyridoxine and Vitamin B 6 are still frequently used as synonyms, especially by medical researchers, this practice is erroneous and sometimes misleading (EE Snell; Ann NY Acad Sci, vol 585 pg 1, 1990). Most of vitamin B6 is eventually degraded to PYRIDOXIC ACID and excreted in the urine.
A nutritional condition produced by a deficiency of VITAMIN E in the diet, characterized by posterior column and spinocerebellar tract abnormalities, areflexia, ophthalmoplegia, and disturbances of gait, proprioception, and vibration. In premature infants vitamin E deficiency is associated with hemolytic anemia, thrombocytosis, edema, intraventricular hemorrhage, and increasing risk of retrolental fibroplasia and bronchopulmonary dysplasia. An apparent inborn error of vitamin E metabolism, named familial isolated vitamin E deficiency, has recently been identified. (Cecil Textbook of Medicine, 19th ed, p1181)
A nutritional condition produced by a deficiency of VITAMIN B 12 in the diet, characterized by megaloblastic anemia. Since vitamin B 12 is not present in plants, humans have obtained their supply from animal products, from multivitamin supplements in the form of pills, and as additives to food preparations. A wide variety of neuropsychiatric abnormalities is also seen in vitamin B 12 deficiency and appears to be due to an undefined defect involving myelin synthesis. (From Cecil Textbook of Medicine, 19th ed, p848)
A nutritional condition produced by a deficiency of VITAMIN K in the diet, characterized by an increased tendency to hemorrhage (HEMORRHAGIC DISORDERS). Such bleeding episodes may be particularly severe in newborn infants. (From Cecil Textbook of Medicine, 19th ed, p1182)
A nutritional condition produced by a deficiency of VITAMIN B 6 in the diet, characterized by dermatitis, glossitis, cheilosis, and stomatitis. Marked deficiency causes irritability, weakness, depression, dizziness, peripheral neuropathy, and seizures. In infants and children typical manifestations are diarrhea, anemia, and seizures. Deficiency can be caused by certain medications, such as isoniazid.
Derivative of 7-dehydroxycholesterol formed by ULTRAVIOLET RAYS breaking of the C9-C10 bond. It differs from ERGOCALCIFEROL in having a single bond between C22 and C23 and lacking a methyl group at C24.
A six carbon compound related to glucose. It is found naturally in citrus fruits and many vegetables. Ascorbic acid is an essential nutrient in human diets, and necessary to maintain connective tissue and bone. Its biologically active form, vitamin C, functions as a reducing agent and coenzyme in several metabolic pathways. Vitamin C is considered an antioxidant.
Products in capsule, tablet or liquid form that provide dietary ingredients, and that are intended to be taken by mouth to increase the intake of nutrients. Dietary supplements can include macronutrients, such as proteins, carbohydrates, and fats; and/or MICRONUTRIENTS, such as VITAMINS; MINERALS; and PHYTOCHEMICALS.
Proteins, usually found in the cytoplasm, that specifically bind calcitriol, migrate to the nucleus, and regulate transcription of specific segments of DNA with the participation of D receptor interacting proteins (called DRIP). Vitamin D is converted in the liver and kidney to calcitriol and ultimately acts through these receptors.
An alpha-globulin found in the plasma of man and other vertebrates. It is apparently synthesized in the liver and carries vitamin D and its metabolites through the circulation and mediates the response of tissue. It is also known as group-specific component (Gc). Gc subtypes are used to determine specific phenotypes and gene frequencies. These data are employed in the classification of population groups, paternity investigations, and in forensic medicine.
The 4-methanol form of VITAMIN B 6 which is converted to PYRIDOXAL PHOSPHATE which is a coenzyme for synthesis of amino acids, neurotransmitters (serotonin, norepinephrine), sphingolipids, aminolevulinic acid. Although pyridoxine and Vitamin B 6 are still frequently used as synonyms, especially by medical researchers, this practice is erroneous and sometimes misleading (EE Snell; Ann NY Acad Sci, vol 585 pg 1, 1990).
A group of substances similar to VITAMIN K 1 which contains a ring of 2-methyl-1,4-naphthoquinione and an isoprenoid side chain of varying number of isoprene units. In vitamin K 2, each isoprene unit contains a double bond. They are produced by bacteria including the normal intestinal flora.
The major circulating metabolite of VITAMIN D3. It is produced in the LIVER and is the best indicator of the body's vitamin D stores. It is effective in the treatment of RICKETS and OSTEOMALACIA, both in azotemic and non-azotemic patients. Calcifediol also has mineralizing properties.
The physiologically active form of vitamin D. It is formed primarily in the kidney by enzymatic hydroxylation of 25-hydroxycholecalciferol (CALCIFEDIOL). Its production is stimulated by low blood calcium levels and parathyroid hormone. Calcitriol increases intestinal absorption of calcium and phosphorus, and in concert with parathyroid hormone increases bone resorption.
A condition due to deficiency in any member of the VITAMIN B COMPLEX. These B vitamins are water-soluble and must be obtained from the diet because they are easily lost in the urine. Unlike the lipid-soluble vitamins, they cannot be stored in the body fat.
Derivatives of ERGOSTEROL formed by ULTRAVIOLET RAYS breaking of the C9-C10 bond. They differ from CHOLECALCIFEROL in having a double bond between C22 and C23 and a methyl group at C24.
A synthetic naphthoquinone without the isoprenoid side chain and biological activity, but can be converted to active vitamin K2, menaquinone, after alkylation in vivo.
Naturally occurring or synthetic substances that inhibit or retard the oxidation of a substance to which it is added. They counteract the harmful and damaging effects of oxidation in animal tissues.
Regular course of eating and drinking adopted by a person or animal.
Hemorrhage caused by vitamin K deficiency.
A member of the vitamin B family that stimulates the hematopoietic system. It is present in the liver and kidney and is found in mushrooms, spinach, yeast, green leaves, and grasses (POACEAE). Folic acid is used in the treatment and prevention of folate deficiencies and megaloblastic anemia.
A condition due to a deficiency of one or more essential vitamins. (Dorland, 27th ed)
Disorders caused by interruption of BONE MINERALIZATION manifesting as OSTEOMALACIA in adults and characteristic deformities in infancy and childhood due to disturbances in normal BONE FORMATION. The mineralization process may be interrupted by disruption of VITAMIN D; PHOSPHORUS; or CALCIUM homeostasis, resulting from dietary deficiencies, or acquired, or inherited metabolic, or hormonal disturbances.
Irradiation directly from the sun.
State of the body in relation to the consumption and utilization of nutrients.
A natural tocopherol and one of the most potent antioxidant tocopherols. It exhibits antioxidant activity by virtue of the phenolic hydrogen on the 2H-1-benzopyran-6-ol nucleus. It has four methyl groups on the 6-chromanol nucleus. The natural d form of alpha-tocopherol is more active than its synthetic dl-alpha-tocopherol racemic mixture.
A carotenoid that is a precursor of VITAMIN A. It is administered to reduce the severity of photosensitivity reactions in patients with erythropoietic protoporphyria (PORPHYRIA, ERYTHROPOIETIC). (From Reynolds JEF(Ed): Martindale: The Extra Pharmacopoeia (electronic version). Micromedex, Inc, Engewood, CO, 1995.)
Membrane transport proteins that actively co-transport ASCORBIC ACID and sodium ions across the CELL MEMBRANE. Dietary absorption of VITAMIN C is highly dependent upon this class of transporters and a subset of SODIUM GLUCOSE TRANSPORTERS which transport the oxidized form of vitamin C, DEHYDROASCORBIC ACID.
A mitochondrial cytochrome P450 enzyme that catalyzes the 1-alpha-hydroxylation of 25-hydroxyvitamin D3 (also known as 25-hydroxycholecalciferol) in the presence of molecular oxygen and NADPH-FERRIHEMOPROTEIN REDUCTASE. This enzyme, encoded by CYP27B1 gene, converts 25-hydroxyvitamin D3 to 1-alpha,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 which is the active form of VITAMIN D in regulating bone growth and calcium metabolism. This enzyme is also active on plant 25-hydroxyvitamin D2 (ergocalciferol).
OXIDOREDUCTASES which mediate vitamin K metabolism by converting inactive vitamin K 2,3-epoxide to active vitamin K.
Hydroxy analogs of vitamin D 3; (CHOLECALCIFEROL); including CALCIFEDIOL; CALCITRIOL; and 24,25-DIHYDROXYVITAMIN D 3.
A thiol-containing amino acid formed by a demethylation of METHIONINE.
A group of carrier proteins which bind with VITAMIN B12 in the BLOOD and aid in its transport. Transcobalamin I migrates electrophoretically as a beta-globulin, while transcobalamins II and III migrate as alpha-globulins.
A collective name for a group of closely related lipids that contain substitutions on the 2H-1-benzopyran-6-ol nucleus and a long hydrocarbon chain of isoprenoid units. They are antioxidants by virtue of the phenolic hydrogen. Tocopherols react with the most reactive form of oxygen and protect unsaturated fatty acids from oxidation.
The amounts of various substances in food needed by an organism to sustain healthy life.
Any food that has been supplemented with essential nutrients either in quantities that are greater than those present normally, or which are not present in the food normally. Fortified food includes also food to which various nutrients have been added to compensate for those removed by refinement or processing. (From Segen, Dictionary of Modern Medicine, 1992)
9,10-Secoergosta-5,7,10(19),22-tetraene-3,25-diol. Biologically active metabolite of vitamin D2 which is more active in curing rickets than its parent. The compound is believed to attach to the same receptor as vitamin D2 and 25-hydroxyvitamin D3.
A polypeptide hormone (84 amino acid residues) secreted by the PARATHYROID GLANDS which performs the essential role of maintaining intracellular CALCIUM levels in the body. Parathyroid hormone increases intracellular calcium by promoting the release of CALCIUM from BONE, increases the intestinal absorption of calcium, increases the renal tubular reabsorption of calcium, and increases the renal excretion of phosphates.
A malonic acid derivative which is a vital intermediate in the metabolism of fat and protein. Abnormalities in methylmalonic acid metabolism lead to methylmalonic aciduria. This metabolic disease is attributed to a block in the enzymatic conversion of methylmalonyl CoA to succinyl CoA.
A DNA sequence that is found in the promoter region of vitamin D regulated genes. Vitamin D receptor (RECEPTOR, CALCITRIOL) binds to and regulates the activity of genes containing this element.
Enzymes that catalyze the joining of two molecules by the formation of a carbon-carbon bond. These are the carboxylating enzymes and are mostly biotinyl-proteins. EC 6.4.
Cholecalciferols substituted with two hydroxy groups in any position.
The general name for a group of fat-soluble pigments found in green, yellow, and leafy vegetables, and yellow fruits. They are aliphatic hydrocarbons consisting of a polyisoprene backbone.
Calcium compounds used as food supplements or in food to supply the body with calcium. Dietary calcium is needed during growth for bone development and for maintenance of skeletal integrity later in life to prevent osteoporosis.
Nutritional factor found in milk, eggs, malted barley, liver, kidney, heart, and leafy vegetables. The richest natural source is yeast. It occurs in the free form only in the retina of the eye, in whey, and in urine; its principal forms in tissues and cells are as FLAVIN MONONUCLEOTIDE and FLAVIN-ADENINE DINUCLEOTIDE.
This is the active form of VITAMIN B 6 serving as a coenzyme for synthesis of amino acids, neurotransmitters (serotonin, norepinephrine), sphingolipids, aminolevulinic acid. During transamination of amino acids, pyridoxal phosphate is transiently converted into pyridoxamine phosphate (PYRIDOXAMINE).
Dryness of the eye surfaces caused by deficiency of tears or conjunctival secretions. It may be associated with vitamin A deficiency, trauma, or any condition in which the eyelids do not close completely.
A symptom complex resulting from ingesting excessive amounts of VITAMIN A.
A physiologically active metabolite of VITAMIN D. The compound is involved in the regulation of calcium metabolism, alkaline phosphatase activity, and enhances the calcemic effect of CALCITRIOL.
The catabolic product of most of VITAMIN B 6; (PYRIDOXINE; PYRIDOXAL; and PYRIDOXAMINE) which is excreted in the urine.
3-((4-Amino-2-methyl-5-pyrimidinyl)methyl)-5-(2- hydroxyethyl)-4-methylthiazolium chloride.
A large lobed glandular organ in the abdomen of vertebrates that is responsible for detoxification, metabolism, synthesis and storage of various substances.
A nutritional condition produced by a deficiency of FOLIC ACID in the diet. Many plant and animal tissues contain folic acid, abundant in green leafy vegetables, yeast, liver, and mushrooms but destroyed by long-term cooking. Alcohol interferes with its intermediate metabolism and absorption. Folic acid deficiency may develop in long-term anticonvulsant therapy or with use of oral contraceptives. This deficiency causes anemia, macrocytic anemia, and megaloblastic anemia. It is indistinguishable from vitamin B 12 deficiency in peripheral blood and bone marrow findings, but the neurologic lesions seen in B 12 deficiency do not occur. (Merck Manual, 16th ed)
A method of studying a drug or procedure in which both the subjects and investigators are kept unaware of who is actually getting which specific treatment.
Native, inorganic or fossilized organic substances having a definite chemical composition and formed by inorganic reactions. They may occur as individual crystals or may be disseminated in some other mineral or rock. (Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed; McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)
Stable cobalt atoms that have the same atomic number as the element cobalt, but differ in atomic weight. Co-59 is a stable cobalt isotope.
Proteins which bind with RETINOL. The retinol-binding protein found in plasma has an alpha-1 mobility on electrophoresis and a molecular weight of about 21 kDa. The retinol-protein complex (MW=80-90 kDa) circulates in plasma in the form of a protein-protein complex with prealbumin. The retinol-binding protein found in tissue has a molecular weight of 14 kDa and carries retinol as a non-covalently-bound ligand.
Essential dietary elements or organic compounds that are required in only small quantities for normal physiologic processes to occur.
An element with the atomic symbol Se, atomic number 34, and atomic weight 78.96. It is an essential micronutrient for mammals and other animals but is toxic in large amounts. Selenium protects intracellular structures against oxidative damage. It is an essential component of GLUTATHIONE PEROXIDASE.
A basic element found in nearly all organized tissues. It is a member of the alkaline earth family of metals with the atomic symbol Ca, atomic number 20, and atomic weight 40. Calcium is the most abundant mineral in the body and combines with phosphorus to form calcium phosphate in the bones and teeth. It is essential for the normal functioning of nerves and muscles and plays a role in blood coagulation (as factor IV) and in many enzymatic processes.
Guidelines and objectives pertaining to food supply and nutrition including recommendations for healthy diet.
An NAPH-dependent cytochrome P450 enzyme that catalyzes the oxidation of the side chain of sterol intermediates such as the 27-hydroxylation of 5-beta-cholestane-3-alpha,7-alpha,12-alpha-triol.
A specialized CONNECTIVE TISSUE that is the main constituent of the SKELETON. The principle cellular component of bone is comprised of OSTEOBLASTS; OSTEOCYTES; and OSTEOCLASTS, while FIBRILLAR COLLAGENS and hydroxyapatite crystals form the BONE MATRIX.
The 4-carboxyaldehyde form of VITAMIN B 6 which is converted to PYRIDOXAL PHOSPHATE which is a coenzyme for synthesis of amino acids, neurotransmitters (serotonin, norepinephrine), sphingolipids, aminolevulinic acid.
The relationship between the dose of an administered drug and the response of the organism to the drug.
Uptake of substances through the lining of the INTESTINES.
An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.
Disorder caused by an interruption of the mineralization of organic bone matrix leading to bone softening, bone pain, and weakness. It is the adult form of rickets resulting from disruption of VITAMIN D; PHOSPHORUS; or CALCIUM homeostasis.
The status during which female mammals carry their developing young (EMBRYOS or FETUSES) in utero before birth, beginning from FERTILIZATION to BIRTH.
The giving of drugs, chemicals, or other substances by mouth.
A natural tocopherol with less antioxidant activity than ALPHA-TOCOPHEROL. It exhibits antioxidant activity by virtue of the phenolic hydrogen on the 2H-1-benzopyran-6-ol nucleus. As in BETA-TOCOPHEROL, it also has three methyl groups on the 6-chromanol nucleus but at different sites.
Peroxidase catalyzed oxidation of lipids using hydrogen peroxide as an electron acceptor.
Agents that inhibit BONE RESORPTION and/or favor BONE MINERALIZATION and BONE REGENERATION. They are used to heal BONE FRACTURES and to treat METABOLIC BONE DISEASES such as OSTEOPOROSIS.
A disturbance in the prooxidant-antioxidant balance in favor of the former, leading to potential damage. Indicators of oxidative stress include damaged DNA bases, protein oxidation products, and lipid peroxidation products (Sies, Oxidative Stress, 1991, pxv-xvi).
Divisions of the year according to some regularly recurrent phenomena usually astronomical or climatic. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)
Natural analogs of TOCOPHEROLS exhibiting antioxidant activity. These tocol derivatives and isomers contain a benzopyran ring and an unsaturated isoprenoid side chain.
The amount of mineral per square centimeter of BONE. This is the definition used in clinical practice. Actual bone density would be expressed in grams per milliliter. It is most frequently measured by X-RAY ABSORPTIOMETRY or TOMOGRAPHY, X RAY COMPUTED. Bone density is an important predictor for OSTEOPOROSIS.
Vitamin K-dependent calcium-binding protein synthesized by OSTEOBLASTS and found primarily in BONES. Serum osteocalcin measurements provide a noninvasive specific marker of bone metabolism. The protein contains three residues of the amino acid gamma-carboxyglutamic acid (Gla), which, in the presence of CALCIUM, promotes binding to HYDROXYAPATITE and subsequent accumulation in BONE MATRIX.
Liquid chromatographic techniques which feature high inlet pressures, high sensitivity, and high speed.
An important regulator of GENE EXPRESSION during growth and development, and in NEOPLASMS. Tretinoin, also known as retinoic acid and derived from maternal VITAMIN A, is essential for normal GROWTH; and EMBRYONIC DEVELOPMENT. An excess of tretinoin can be teratogenic. It is used in the treatment of PSORIASIS; ACNE VULGARIS; and several other SKIN DISEASES. It has also been approved for use in promyelocytic leukemia (LEUKEMIA, PROMYELOCYTIC, ACUTE).
A non-metal element that has the atomic symbol P, atomic number 15, and atomic weight 31. It is an essential element that takes part in a broad variety of biochemical reactions.
A butyryl-beta-alanine that can also be viewed as pantoic acid complexed with BETA ALANINE. It is incorporated into COENZYME A and protects cells against peroxidative damage by increasing the level of GLUTATHIONE.
Retinol binding proteins that circulate in the PLASMA. They are members of the lipocalin family of proteins and play a role in the transport of RETINOL from the LIVER to the peripheral tissues. The proteins are usually found in association with TRANSTHYRETIN.
The mass or quantity of heaviness of an individual. It is expressed by units of pounds or kilograms.
Condition in which the plasma levels of homocysteine and related metabolites are elevated (>13.9 µmol/l). Hyperhomocysteinemia can be familial or acquired. Development of the acquired hyperhomocysteinemia is mostly associated with vitamins B and/or folate deficiency (e.g., PERNICIOUS ANEMIA, vitamin malabsorption). Familial hyperhomocysteinemia often results in a more severe elevation of total homocysteine and excretion into the urine, resulting in HOMOCYSTINURIA. Hyperhomocysteinemia is a risk factor for cardiovascular and neurodegenerative diseases, osteoporotic fractures and complications during pregnancy.
Measurable and quantifiable biological parameters (e.g., specific enzyme concentration, specific hormone concentration, specific gene phenotype distribution in a population, presence of biological substances) which serve as indices for health- and physiology-related assessments, such as disease risk, psychiatric disorders, environmental exposure and its effects, disease diagnosis, metabolic processes, substance abuse, pregnancy, cell line development, epidemiologic studies, etc.
A megaloblastic anemia occurring in children but more commonly in later life, characterized by histamine-fast achlorhydria, in which the laboratory and clinical manifestations are based on malabsorption of vitamin B 12 due to a failure of the gastric mucosa to secrete adequate and potent intrinsic factor. (Dorland, 27th ed)
The extent to which the active ingredient of a drug dosage form becomes available at the site of drug action or in a biological medium believed to reflect accessibility to a site of action.
The reversibly oxidized form of ascorbic acid. It is the lactone of 2,3-DIKETOGULONIC ACID and has antiscorbutic activity in man on oral ingestion.
An enzyme involved in the metabolism of ASCORBIC ACID and aldarate. It catalyzes the oxidation of L-gulono-1,4-lactone to L-xylo-hex-3-ulonolactone.
General term for a group of MALNUTRITION syndromes caused by failure of normal INTESTINAL ABSORPTION of nutrients.
Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.
Studies in which the presence or absence of disease or other health-related variables are determined in each member of the study population or in a representative sample at one particular time. This contrasts with LONGITUDINAL STUDIES which are followed over a period of time.
Reduction of the blood calcium below normal. Manifestations include hyperactive deep tendon reflexes, Chvostek's sign, muscle and abdominal cramps, and carpopedal spasm. (Dorland, 27th ed)
Studies which start with the identification of persons with a disease of interest and a control (comparison, referent) group without the disease. The relationship of an attribute to the disease is examined by comparing diseased and non-diseased persons with regard to the frequency or levels of the attribute in each group.
A systematic collection of factual data pertaining to the nutritional status of a human population within a given geographic area. Data from these surveys are used in preparing NUTRITION ASSESSMENTS.
An acquired blood vessel disorder caused by severe deficiency of vitamin C (ASCORBIC ACID) in the diet leading to defective collagen formation in small blood vessels. Scurvy is characterized by bleeding in any tissue, weakness, ANEMIA, spongy gums, and a brawny induration of the muscles of the calves and legs.
Observation of a population for a sufficient number of persons over a sufficient number of years to generate incidence or mortality rates subsequent to the selection of the study group.
A glycoprotein secreted by the cells of the GASTRIC GLANDS that is required for the absorption of VITAMIN B 12 (cyanocobalamin). Deficiency of intrinsic factor leads to VITAMIN B 12 DEFICIENCY and ANEMIA, PERNICIOUS.
Reduction of bone mass without alteration in the composition of bone, leading to fractures. Primary osteoporosis can be of two major types: postmenopausal osteoporosis (OSTEOPOROSIS, POSTMENOPAUSAL) and age-related or senile osteoporosis.
The processes of milk secretion by the maternal MAMMARY GLANDS after PARTURITION. The proliferation of the mammary glandular tissue, milk synthesis, and milk expulsion or let down are regulated by the interactions of several hormones including ESTRADIOL; PROGESTERONE; PROLACTIN; and OXYTOCIN.
Abnormally elevated PARATHYROID HORMONE secretion as a response to HYPOCALCEMIA. It is caused by chronic KIDNEY FAILURE or other abnormalities in the controls of bone and mineral metabolism, leading to various BONE DISEASES, such as RENAL OSTEODYSTROPHY.
The processes and properties of living organisms by which they take in and balance the use of nutritive materials for energy, heat production, or building material for the growth, maintenance, or repair of tissues and the nutritive properties of FOOD.
A group of tetraterpenes, with four terpene units joined head-to-tail. Biologically active members of this class are used clinically in the treatment of severe cystic ACNE; PSORIASIS; and other disorders of keratinization.
An anticoagulant that acts by inhibiting the synthesis of vitamin K-dependent coagulation factors. Warfarin is indicated for the prophylaxis and/or treatment of venous thrombosis and its extension, pulmonary embolism, and atrial fibrillation with embolization. It is also used as an adjunct in the prophylaxis of systemic embolism after myocardial infarction. Warfarin is also used as a rodenticide.
An infant during the first month after birth.
Any dummy medication or treatment. Although placebos originally were medicinal preparations having no specific pharmacological activity against a targeted condition, the concept has been extended to include treatments or procedures, especially those administered to control groups in clinical trials in order to provide baseline measurements for the experimental protocol.
The total number of cases of a given disease in a specified population at a designated time. It is differentiated from INCIDENCE, which refers to the number of new cases in the population at a given time.
A process involving chance used in therapeutic trials or other research endeavor for allocating experimental subjects, human or animal, between treatment and control groups, or among treatment groups. It may also apply to experiments on inanimate objects.
An enzyme that catalyzes reversibly the phosphorylation of pyridoxal in the presence of ATP with the formation of pyridoxal 5-phosphate and ADP. Pyridoxine, pyridoxamine and various derivatives can also act as acceptors. EC 2.7.1.35.
Abnormally high level of calcium in the blood.
Injectable form of VITAMIN B 12 that has been used therapeutically to treat VITAMIN B 12 DEFICIENCY.
Low-molecular-weight end products, probably malondialdehyde, that are formed during the decomposition of lipid peroxidation products. These compounds react with thiobarbituric acid to form a fluorescent red adduct.
The white liquid secreted by the mammary glands. It contains proteins, sugar, lipids, vitamins, and minerals.
The dialdehyde of malonic acid.
Proteins in the nucleus or cytoplasm that specifically bind RETINOIC ACID or RETINOL and trigger changes in the behavior of cells. Retinoic acid receptors, like steroid receptors, are ligand-activated transcription regulators. Several types have been recognized.
Dietary practice of completely avoiding meat products in the DIET, consuming VEGETABLES, CEREALS, and NUTS. Some vegetarian diets called lacto-ovo also include milk and egg products.
An indication of the contribution of a food to the nutrient content of the diet. This value depends on the quantity of a food which is digested and absorbed and the amounts of the essential nutrients (protein, fat, carbohydrate, minerals, vitamins) which it contains. This value can be affected by soil and growing conditions, handling and storage, and processing.
A group of chemical elements that are needed in minute quantities for the proper growth, development, and physiology of an organism. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)
The 4-aminomethyl form of VITAMIN B 6. During transamination of amino acids, PYRIDOXAL PHOSPHATE is transiently converted into pyridoxamine phosphate.
Nutrition of a mother which affects the health of the FETUS and INFANT as well as herself.
The gradual irreversible changes in structure and function of an organism that occur as a result of the passage of time.
Systematic collections of factual data pertaining to the diet of a human population within a given geographic area.
A metallic element of atomic number 30 and atomic weight 65.38. It is a necessary trace element in the diet, forming an essential part of many enzymes, and playing an important role in protein synthesis and in cell division. Zinc deficiency is associated with ANEMIA, short stature, HYPOGONADISM, impaired WOUND HEALING, and geophagia. It is known by the symbol Zn.
A chemical reaction in which an electron is transferred from one molecule to another. The electron-donating molecule is the reducing agent or reductant; the electron-accepting molecule is the oxidizing agent or oxidant. Reducing and oxidizing agents function as conjugate reductant-oxidant pairs or redox pairs (Lehninger, Principles of Biochemistry, 1982, p471).
Measurement and evaluation of the components of substances to be taken as FOOD.
The fleshy or dry ripened ovary of a plant, enclosing the seed or seeds.
An enzyme that catalyzes the conversion of an orthophosphoric monoester and water to an alcohol and orthophosphate. EC 3.1.3.1.
Coloration of the skin.
Anemia characterized by larger than normal erythrocytes, increased mean corpuscular volume (MCV) and increased mean corpuscular hemoglobin (MCH).
A food group comprised of EDIBLE PLANTS or their parts.
A subtype of RETINOIC ACID RECEPTORS that are specific for 9-cis-retinoic acid which function as nuclear TRANSCRIPTION FACTORS that regulate multiple signaling pathways.
A monooxygenase that catalyzes the conversion of BETA-CAROTENE into two molecules of RETINAL. It was formerly characterized as EC 1.13.11.21 and EC 1.18.3.1.
Peroxides produced in the presence of a free radical by the oxidation of unsaturated fatty acids in the cell in the presence of molecular oxygen. The formation of lipid peroxides results in the destruction of the original lipid leading to the loss of integrity of the membranes. They therefore cause a variety of toxic effects in vivo and their formation is considered a pathological process in biological systems. Their formation can be inhibited by antioxidants, such as vitamin E, structural separation or low oxygen tension.
Foodstuff used especially for domestic and laboratory animals, or livestock.
A disorder characterized by the presence of ANEMIA, abnormally large red blood cells (megalocytes or macrocytes), and MEGALOBLASTS.
Studies in which subsets of a defined population are identified. These groups may or may not be exposed to factors hypothesized to influence the probability of the occurrence of a particular disease or other outcome. Cohorts are defined populations which, as a whole, are followed in an attempt to determine distinguishing subgroup characteristics.
Genetically identical individuals developed from brother and sister matings which have been carried out for twenty or more generations or by parent x offspring matings carried out with certain restrictions. This also includes animals with a long history of closed colony breeding.
A republic stretching from the Indian Ocean east to New Guinea, comprising six main islands: Java, Sumatra, Bali, Kalimantan (the Indonesian portion of the island of Borneo), Sulawesi (formerly known as the Celebes) and Irian Jaya (the western part of New Guinea). Its capital is Djakarta. The ethnic groups living there are largely Chinese, Arab, Eurasian, Indian, and Pakistani; 85% of the peoples are of the Islamic faith.
Substances found in many plants, containing the 4-hydroxycoumarin radical. They interfere with vitamin K and the blood clotting mechanism, are tightly protein-bound, inhibit mitochondrial and microsomal enzymes, and are used as oral anticoagulants.
An enzyme catalyzing the oxidation of 2 moles of glutathione in the presence of hydrogen peroxide to yield oxidized glutathione and water. EC 1.11.1.9.
Nutritional physiology of children from birth to 2 years of age.
Body organ that filters blood for the secretion of URINE and that regulates ion concentrations.
Compounds used in food or in food preparation to replace dietary fats. They may be carbohydrate-, protein-, or fat-based. Fat substitutes are usually lower in calories but provide the same texture as fats.
Red blood cells. Mature erythrocytes are non-nucleated, biconcave disks containing HEMOGLOBIN whose function is to transport OXYGEN.
Total number of calories taken in daily whether ingested or by parenteral routes.
Records of nutrient intake over a specific period of time, usually kept by the patient.
A calbindin protein found in many mammalian tissues, including the UTERUS, PLACENTA, BONE, PITUITARY GLAND, and KIDNEYS. In intestinal ENTEROCYTES it mediates intracellular calcium transport from apical to basolateral membranes via calcium binding at two EF-HAND MOTIFS. Expression is regulated in some tissues by VITAMIN D.
An inherited condition of abnormally low serum levels of PHOSPHATES (below 1 mg/liter) which can occur in a number of genetic diseases with defective reabsorption of inorganic phosphorus by the PROXIMAL RENAL TUBULES. This leads to phosphaturia, HYPOPHOSPHATEMIA, and disturbances of cellular and organ functions such as those in X-LINKED HYPOPHOSPHATEMIC RICKETS; OSTEOMALACIA; and FANCONI SYNDROME.
Conditions or pathological processes associated with pregnancy. They can occur during or after pregnancy, and range from minor discomforts to serious diseases that require medical interventions. They include diseases in pregnant females, and pregnancies in females with diseases.
Failure or imperfection of vision at night or in dim light, with good vision only on bright days. (Dorland, 27th ed)
Found in various tissues, particularly in four blood-clotting proteins including prothrombin, in kidney protein, in bone protein, and in the protein present in various ectopic calcifications.
The range or frequency distribution of a measurement in a population (of organisms, organs or things) that has not been selected for the presence of disease or abnormality.
A statistical technique that isolates and assesses the contributions of categorical independent variables to variation in the mean of a continuous dependent variable.
Evaluation undertaken to assess the results or consequences of management and procedures used in combating disease in order to determine the efficacy, effectiveness, safety, and practicability of these interventions in individual cases or series.
A metallic element with atomic symbol Fe, atomic number 26, and atomic weight 55.85. It is an essential constituent of HEMOGLOBINS; CYTOCHROMES; and IRON-BINDING PROTEINS. It plays a role in cellular redox reactions and in the transport of OXYGEN.
Inorganic salts of phosphoric acid.
A subclass of retinol-binding proteins that take part in the intracellular storage and transport of RETINOL. They are both functionally and structurally distinct from PLASMA RETINOL-BINDING PROTEINS.
The edible portions of any animal used for food including domestic mammals (the major ones being cattle, swine, and sheep) along with poultry, fish, shellfish, and game.
A strain of albino rat developed at the Wistar Institute that has spread widely at other institutions. This has markedly diluted the original strain.
Predetermined sets of questions used to collect data - clinical data, social status, occupational group, etc. The term is often applied to a self-completed survey instrument.
The nursing of an infant at the breast.
Isoprostanes derived from the free radical oxidation of ARACHIDONIC ACID. Although similar in structure to enzymatically synthesized prostaglandin F2alpha (DINOPROST), they occur through non-enzymatic oxidation of cell membrane lipids.
Clotting time of PLASMA recalcified in the presence of excess TISSUE THROMBOPLASTIN. Factors measured are FIBRINOGEN; PROTHROMBIN; FACTOR V; FACTOR VII; and FACTOR X. It is used for monitoring anticoagulant therapy with COUMARINS.
Widely distributed enzymes that carry out oxidation-reduction reactions in which one atom of the oxygen molecule is incorporated into the organic substrate; the other oxygen atom is reduced and combined with hydrogen ions to form water. They are also known as monooxygenases or hydroxylases. These reactions require two substrates as reductants for each of the two oxygen atoms. There are different classes of monooxygenases depending on the type of hydrogen-providing cosubstrate (COENZYMES) required in the mixed-function oxidation.
Breaks in bones.
A condition produced by dietary or metabolic deficiency. The term includes all diseases caused by an insufficient supply of essential nutrients, i.e., protein (or amino acids), vitamins, and minerals. It also includes an inadequacy of calories. (From Dorland, 27th ed; Stedman, 25th ed)
A sulfur-containing essential L-amino acid that is important in many body functions.
Two pairs of small oval-shaped glands located in the front and the base of the NECK and adjacent to the two lobes of THYROID GLAND. They secrete PARATHYROID HORMONE that regulates the balance of CALCIUM; PHOSPHORUS; and MAGNESIUM in the body.
A VITAMIN D that can be regarded as a reduction product of vitamin D2.
Studies in which individuals or populations are followed to assess the outcome of exposures, procedures, or effects of a characteristic, e.g., occurrence of disease.
A water-soluble vitamin of the B complex occurring in various animal and plant tissues. It is required by the body for the formation of coenzymes NAD and NADP. It has PELLAGRA-curative, vasodilating, and antilipemic properties.
Forceful administration into a muscle of liquid medication, nutrient, or other fluid through a hollow needle piercing the muscle and any tissue covering it.
Statistical models in which the value of a parameter for a given value of a factor is assumed to be equal to a + bx, where a and b are constants. The models predict a linear regression.
The section of the alimentary canal from the STOMACH to the ANAL CANAL. It includes the LARGE INTESTINE and SMALL INTESTINE.
Any of various animals that constitute the family Suidae and comprise stout-bodied, short-legged omnivorous mammals with thick skin, usually covered with coarse bristles, a rather long mobile snout, and small tail. Included are the genera Babyrousa, Phacochoerus (wart hogs), and Sus, the latter containing the domestic pig (see SUS SCROFA).
A dietary deficiency of riboflavin causing a syndrome chiefly marked by cheilitis, angular stomatitis, glossitis associated with a purplish red or magenta-colored tongue that may show fissures, corneal vascularization, dyssebacia, and anemia. (Dorland, 27th ed)
Age as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or the effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from AGING, a physiological process, and TIME FACTORS which refers only to the passage of time.
A strain of albino rat used widely for experimental purposes because of its calmness and ease of handling. It was developed by the Sprague-Dawley Animal Company.
The genetic constitution of the individual, comprising the ALLELES present at each GENETIC LOCUS.
RNA sequences that serve as templates for protein synthesis. Bacterial mRNAs are generally primary transcripts in that they do not require post-transcriptional processing. Eukaryotic mRNA is synthesized in the nucleus and must be exported to the cytoplasm for translation. Most eukaryotic mRNAs have a sequence of polyadenylic acid at the 3' end, referred to as the poly(A) tail. The function of this tail is not known for certain, but it may play a role in the export of mature mRNA from the nucleus as well as in helping stabilize some mRNA molecules by retarding their degradation in the cytoplasm.
Benzopyrans saturated in the 2 and 3 positions.
The principal sterol of all higher animals, distributed in body tissues, especially the brain and spinal cord, and in animal fats and oils.
Domesticated bovine animals of the genus Bos, usually kept on a farm or ranch and used for the production of meat or dairy products or for heavy labor.
Common name for the species Gallus gallus, the domestic fowl, in the family Phasianidae, order GALLIFORMES. It is descended from the red jungle fowl of SOUTHEAST ASIA.
A tripeptide with many roles in cells. It conjugates to drugs to make them more soluble for excretion, is a cofactor for some enzymes, is involved in protein disulfide bond rearrangement and reduces peroxides.
Nutritional physiology of animals.
The technique that deals with the measurement of the size, weight, and proportions of the human or other primate body.
Cells propagated in vitro in special media conducive to their growth. Cultured cells are used to study developmental, morphologic, metabolic, physiologic, and genetic processes, among others.

The food matrix of spinach is a limiting factor in determining the bioavailability of beta-carotene and to a lesser extent of lutein in humans. (1/3171)

Carotenoid bioavailability depends, amongst other factors, on the food matrix and on the type and extent of processing. To examine the effect of variously processed spinach products and of dietary fiber on serum carotenoid concentrations, subjects received, over a 3-wk period, a control diet (n = 10) or a control diet supplemented with carotenoids or one of four spinach products (n = 12 per group): whole leaf spinach with an almost intact food matrix, minced spinach with the matrix partially disrupted, enzymatically liquefied spinach in which the matrix was further disrupted and the liquefied spinach to which dietary fiber (10 g/kg wet weight) was added. Consumption of spinach significantly increased serum concentrations of all-trans-beta-carotene, cis-beta-carotene, (and consequently total beta-carotene), lutein, alpha-carotene and retinol and decreased the serum concentration of lycopene. Serum total beta-carotene responses (changes in serum concentrations from the start to the end of the intervention period) differed significantly between the whole leaf and liquefied spinach groups and between the minced and liquefied spinach groups. The lutein response did not differ among spinach groups. Addition of dietary fiber to the liquefied spinach had no effect on serum carotenoid responses. The relative bioavailability as compared to bioavailability of the carotenoid supplement for whole leaf, minced, liquefied and liquefied spinach plus added dietary fiber for beta-carotene was 5.1, 6.4, 9.5 and 9.3%, respectively, and for lutein 45, 52, 55 and 54%, respectively. We conclude that the bioavailability of lutein from spinach was higher than that of beta-carotene and that enzymatic disruption of the matrix (cell wall structure) enhanced the bioavailability of beta-carotene from whole leaf and minced spinach, but had no effect on lutein bioavailability.  (+info)

Maternal vitamin A or beta-carotene supplementation in lactating bangladeshi women benefits mothers and infants but does not prevent subclinical deficiency. (2/3171)

The effects of maternal postpartum vitamin A or beta-carotene supplementation on maternal and infant serum retinol concentrations, modified relative dose-response (MRDR) ratios and breast milk vitamin A concentrations were assessed during a community-based trial in Matlab, Bangladesh. At 1-3 wk postpartum, women were randomly assigned to receive either (1) a single dose of 200,000 international units [60,000 retinol equivalents (RE)] vitamin A followed by daily placebos (n = 74), (2) daily doses of beta-carotene [7.8 mg (1300 RE)] (n = 73) or (3) daily placebos (n = 73) until 9 mo postpartum. Compared to placebos, vitamin A supplementation resulted in lower maternal MRDR ratios (i.e., increased liver stores) and higher milk vitamin A concentrations at 3 mo, but these improvements were not sustained. The beta-carotene supplementation acted more slowly, resulting in milk vitamin A concentrations higher than the placebo group only at 9 mo. Irrespective of treatment group, over 50% of women produced milk with low vitamin A concentrations (/=0. 06. We conclude that while both interventions were beneficial, neither was sufficient to correct the underlying subclinical vitamin A deficiency in these women nor to bring their infants into adequate vitamin A status.  (+info)

Thiamine deficiency is prevalent in a selected group of urban Indonesian elderly people. (3/3171)

This cross-sectional study involved 204 elderly individuals (93 males and 111 females). Subjects were randomly recruited using a list on which all 60-75 y-old-people living in seven sub-villages in Jakarta were included. The usual food intake was estimated using semiquantitative food frequency questionnaires. Hemoglobin, plasma retinol, vitamin B-12, red blood cell folate and the percentage stimulation of erythrocyte transketolase (ETK), as an indicator of thiamine status, were analyzed. Median energy intake was below the assessed requirement. More than 75% of the subjects had iron and thiamine intakes of approximately 2/3 of the recommended daily intake, and 20.2% of the study population had folate intake of approximately 2/3 of the recommended daily intake. Intakes of vitamins A and B-12 were adequate. Biochemical assessments demonstrated that 36.6% of the subjects had low thiamine levels (ETK stimulation > 25%). The elderly men tended to have lower thiamine levels than the elderly women. The overall prevalence of anemia was 28.9%, and the elderly women were affected more than the elderly men. Low biochemical status of vitamins A, B-12 and RBC folate was found in 5.4%, 8.8 % and 2.9% of the subjects, respectively. Dietary intakes of thiamine and folate were associated with ETK stimulation and plasma vitamin B-12 concentration (r = 0.176, P = 0.012 and r = 0.77, P = 0.001), respectively. Results of this study suggest that anemia, thiamine and possibly vitamin B-12 deficiency are prevalent in the elderly living in Indonesia. Clearly, micronutrient supplementation may be beneficial for the Indonesian elderly population living in underprivileged areas.  (+info)

Effect of vitamin A and beta carotene supplementation on women's health.(4/3171)

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Double blind, cluster randomised trial of low dose supplementation with vitamin A or beta carotene on mortality related to pregnancy in Nepal. The NNIPS-2 Study Group. (5/3171)

OBJECTIVE: To assess the impact on mortality related to pregnancy of supplementing women of reproductive age each week with a recommended dietary allowance of vitamin A, either preformed or as beta carotene. DESIGN: Double blind, cluster randomised, placebo controlled field trial. SETTING: Rural southeast central plains of Nepal (Sarlahi district). SUBJECTS: 44 646 married women, of whom 20 119 became pregnant 22 189 times. INTERVENTION: 270 wards randomised to 3 groups of 90 each for women to receive weekly a single oral supplement of placebo, vitamin A (7000 micrograms retinol equivalents) or beta carotene (42 mg, or 7000 micrograms retinol equivalents) for over 31/2 years. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: All cause mortality in women during pregnancy up to 12 weeks post partum (pregnancy related mortality) and mortality during pregnancy to 6 weeks postpartum, excluding deaths apparently related to injury (maternal mortality). RESULTS: Mortality related to pregnancy in the placebo, vitamin A, and beta carotene groups was 704, 426, and 361 deaths per 100 000 pregnancies, yielding relative risks (95% confidence intervals) of 0. 60 (0.37 to 0.97) and 0.51 (0.30 to 0.86). This represented reductions of 40% (P<0.04) and 49% (P<0.01) among those who received vitamin A and beta carotene. Combined, vitamin A or beta carotene lowered mortality by 44% (0.56 (0.37 to 0.84), P<0.005) and reduced the maternal mortality ratio from 645 to 385 deaths per 100 000 live births, or by 40% (P<0.02). Differences in cause of death could not be reliably distinguished between supplemented and placebo groups. CONCLUSION: Supplementation of women with either vitamin A or beta carotene at recommended dietary amounts during childbearing years can lower mortality related to pregnancy in rural, undernourished populations of south Asia.  (+info)

Vitamin A is linked to the expression of the AI-CIII-AIV gene cluster in familial combined hyperlipidemia. (6/3171)

There is growing evidence of the capacity of vitamin A to regulate the expression of the genetic region that encodes apolipoproteins (apo) A-I, C-III, and A-IV. This region in turn has been proposed to modulate the expression of hyperlipidemia in the commonest genetic form of dyslipidemia, familial combined hyperlipidemia (FCHL). The hypothesis tested here was whether vitamin A (retinol), by controlling the expression of the AI-CIII-AIV gene cluster, plays a role in modulating the hyperlipidemic phenotype in FCHL. We approached the subject by studying three genetic variants of this region: a C1100-T transition in exon 3 of the apoC-III gene, a G3206-T transversion in exon 4 of the apoC-III gene, and a G-75-A substitution in the promoter region of the apoA-I gene. The association between plasma vitamin A concentrations and differences in the plasma concentrations of apolipoproteins A-I and C-III based on the different genotypes was assessed in 48 FCHL patients and 74 of their normolipidemic relatives. The results indicated that the subjects carrying genetic variants associated with increased concentrations of apoA-I and C-III (C1100-T and G-75-A) also presented increased plasma concentrations of vitamin A. This was only observed among the FCHL patients, which suggested that certain characteristics of these patients contributed to this association. The G3206-T was not associated with changes in either apolipoprotein concentrations or in vitamin A. In summary, we report a relationship between genetically determined elevations of proteins of the AI-CIII-AIV gene cluster and vitamin A in FCHL patients. More studies will be needed to confirm that vitamin A plays a role in FCHL which might also be important for its potential application to therapeutical approaches.  (+info)

Lipoprotein lipase expression level influences tissue clearance of chylomicron retinyl ester. (7/3171)

Approximately 25% of postprandial retinoid is cleared from the circulation by extrahepatic tissues. Little is known about physiologic factors important to this uptake. We hypothesized that lipoprotein lipase (LpL) contributes to extrahepatic clearance of chylomicron vitamin A. To investigate this, [3H]retinyl ester-containing rat mesenteric chylomicrons were injected intravenously into induced mutant mice and nutritionally manipulated rats. The tissue sites of uptake of 3H label by wild type mice and LpL-null mice overexpressing human LpL in muscle indicate that LpL expression does influence accumulation of chylomicron retinoid. Skeletal muscle from mice overexpressing human LpL accumulated 1.7- to 2.4-fold more 3H label than wild type. Moreover, heart tissue from mice overexpresssing human LpL, but lacking mouse LpL, accumulated less than half of the 3H-label taken up by wild type heart. Fasting and heparin injection, two factors that increase LpL activity in skeletal muscle, increased uptake of chylomicron [3H] retinoid by rat skeletal muscle. Using [3H]retinyl palmitate and its non-hydrolyzable analog retinyl [14C]hexadecyl ether incorporated into Intralipid emulsions, the importance of retinyl ester hydrolysis in this process was assessed. We observed that 3H label was taken up to a greater extent than 14C label by rat skeletal muscle, suggesting that retinoid uptake requires hydrolysis. In summary, for each of our experiments, the level of lipoprotein lipase expression in skeletal muscle, heart, and/or adipose tissue influenced the amount of [3H]retinoid taken up from chylomicrons and/or their remnants.  (+info)

Plasma-soluble CD30 in childhood tuberculosis: effects of disease severity, nutritional status, and vitamin A therapy. (8/3171)

Plasma-soluble CD30 (sCD30) is the result of proteolytic splicing from the membrane-bound form of CD30, a putative marker of type 2 cytokine-producing cells. We measured sCD30 levels in children with tuberculosis, a disease characterized by prominent type 1 lymphocyte cytokine responses. We postulated that disease severity and nutritional status would alter cytokine responses and therefore sCD30 levels. Samples from South African children enrolled prospectively at the time of diagnosis of tuberculosis were analyzed. (Patients were originally enrolled in a randomized, double-blind placebo-controlled study of the effects of oral vitamin A supplementation on prognosis of tuberculosis.) Plasma samples collected at the time of diagnosis and 6 and 12 weeks later (during antituberculosis therapy) were analyzed. sCD30 levels were measured by enzyme immunoassay. The 91 children included in the study demonstrated high levels of sCD30 at diagnosis (median, 98 U/liter; range, 11 to 1,569 U/liter). Although there was a trend toward higher sCD30 levels in more severe disease (e.g., culture-positive disease or miliary disease), this was not statistically significant. Significantly higher sCD30 levels were demonstrated in the presence of nutritional compromise: the sCD30 level was higher in patients with a weight below the third percentile for age, in those with clinical signs of kwashiorkor, and in those with a low hemoglobin content. There was minimal change in the sCD30 level after 12 weeks of therapy, even though patients improved clinically. However, changes in sCD30 after 12 weeks differed significantly when 46 patients (51%) who received vitamin A were compared with those who had received a placebo. Vitamin A-supplemented children demonstrated a mean (+/- standard error of the mean) decrease in sCD30 by a factor of 0.99 +/- 0.02 over 12 weeks, whereas a factor increase of 1.05 +/- 0.02 was demonstrated in the placebo group (P = 0.02). We conclude that children with tuberculosis had high sCD30 levels, which may reflect the presence of a type 2 cytokine response. Nutritional compromise was associated with higher sCD30 levels. Vitamin A therapy resulted in modulation of sCD30 levels over time.  (+info)

Past, present, and future research into hepatic stellate cells (HSCs, also called vitamin A-storing cells, lipocytes, interstitial cells, fat-storing cells, or Ito cells) are summarized and discussed in this review. Kupffer discovered black-stained cells in the liver using the gold chloride method and named them stellate cells (Sternzellen in German) in 1876. Wake rediscovered the cells in 1971 using the same gold chloride method and various modern histological techniques including electron microscopy. Between their discovery and rediscovery, HSCs disappeared from the research history. Their identification, the establishment of cell isolation and culture methods, and the development of cellular and molecular biological techniques promoted HSC research after their rediscovery. In mammals, HSCs exist in the space between liver parenchymal cells (PCs) or hepatocytes and liver sinusoidal endothelial cells (LSECs) of the hepatic lobule, and store 50-80% of all vitamin A in the body as retinyl ester in lipid
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Results of this study indicate that arctic animals possess the intralobular heterogeneity of vitamin A-storage capacity in the hepatic stellate cells.. In earlier studies, a specific zonality for intralobular vitamin A-storage was reported. Although our results agree with other reports as to the presence of the heterogeneity of vitamin A-storing lipid droplets in the hepatic stellate cells in the liver lobule [4, 5], the location of the highest-storage zone disagree with these reports. This discrepancy might be explained by the observation methods used in the earlier studies. Whereas those authors used only the light microscopical method [4, 5], in the present study we examined all tissues by electron microscopy. Moreover, we certified that the tendency of vitamin A storage observed in liver lobules by light microscopy strongly supported that of intralobular heterogeneity revealed by electron microscopical morphometry.. The existence of the intralobular heterogeneity of vitamin A storage would ...
Person receiving radiotherapy. The study, carried out in association with Wellingtons Malaghan Institute was recently published in Free Radical Biology and Medicine.. Lead author Dr Patries Herst together with Dr Melanie McConnell investigated how combining high dose vitamin C with radiation affected survival of cancer cells isolated from glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) brain tumours, and compared this with the survival of normal cells.. They found that high dose vitamin C by itself caused DNA damage and cell death which was much more pronounced when high dose vitamin C was given just prior to radiation.. Herst says GBM patients have a poor prognosis because the aggressive GBM tumours are very resistant to radiation therapy. We found that high dose vitamin C makes it easier to kill these GBM cells by radiation therapy.. She says there has long been debate about the use of high dose vitamin C in the treatment of cancer. High dose vitamin C specifically kills a range of cancer cells in the ...
Given the grim prognosis of septic and hypovolemic shock, we aim to study the efficacy on an alternative treatment modality by implementing high dose vitamin C therapy in our patient population. Through previous investigations, especially research in the burn patient population, we expect that high dose vitamin C therapy will be beneficial to patients with hypovolemic or septic shock ...
Human epidermis utilizes retinol as precursor for local production of a range of bioactive vitamin A metabolites including 3,4-didehydroretinol, retinoic acid, and 3,4-didehydroretinoic acid. These endogenously formed retinoids bind to nuclear retinoic acid receptors (RARs), thereby altering gene transcription. Because 9-cis-retinoic acid receptors (RXRs) form heterodimers both with RARs and the vitamin D3 receptor (VDR), it is plausible that vitamin D3 may affect retinol metabolism if altered transcription is involved in the regulation of vitamin A-metabolizing enzymes. To investigate the potential effect of vitamin D on retinol metabolism in human skin keratinocytes, HaCaT cells were preincubated with various vitamin D3-analogs at 10(-7)M for 24 h followed by the addition of [3H]retinol for another 24 h period. The uptake and metabolism of the radioactive tracer was monitored by HPLC-radiochromatography. It was found that all synthetic vitamin D-analogs tested (MC903, KH1060, EB1089, and ...
Researchers discovered that a highly-concentrated dose of vitamin C is selectively toxic to cancer cells, meaning the high dose of vitamin C harms cancer cells but not healthy tissue. Yet, when this treatment was coupled with the addition of the enzyme catalase the cancer-killing effect of the treatment was reduced significantly. This led researchers to believe that the high dose vitamin C infusion resulted in the production of large quantities of hydrogen peroxide, which initially caused a cancer killing effect that was then neutralized by the addition of the enzyme catalase. This suggested that cancer cells do not produce a sufficient amount of catalase to neutralize high levels of hydrogen peroxide on their own.. In fact, we now know that a large number of cancer cells produce small amounts of catalase in order to sustain low concentrations of hydrogen peroxide. This creates the cancer friendly environment of mild oxidative stress that encourages malignant cells to grow rapidly and become ...
Observational studies suggest that moderate intakes of retinol and increased circulating retinol levels may increase fracture risk. Easy access to supplements, combined with an aging population, makes this a potentially important association. The aim of this study was to investigate plasma retinol and total carotene concentrations in relation to fracture risk after long-term supplementation with retinol and/or beta-carotene in 998 adults between 1990 and 2007. Methods: Participants were 663 men and 335 women in a cancer prevention program who were initially randomized to a retinol (7.5 mg RE/d) or beta-carotene (30 mg/d) supplement between 1990 and 1996. After 1996, all participants received the retinol supplement only. Plasma retinol and total carotene, medication use and various lifestyle factors were measured at annual clinic visits. Fractures were identified by self-report in 2007. The risk for any fracture or osteoporotic fracture was modeled using Cox proportional hazard models.Results: ...
Adapted from UK Medical News 17 July 2018 Several different health measures, all which improve your cardiovascular outcomes, have been found to result from high dose vitamin D supplementation. You are likely to need to take at least 4,000 iu a day though, depending on how much extra sunshine you are exposed to regularly. A…
Vitamin D Deficiency Prevalent in Breastfeeding Arab Women and Infants Physician Calls for Supplementation Beginning in Pregnancy. Astaxanthin Ucinky Implant Dictation Glaucoma professor: Haruki SENOO: *Stellate cells: Vitamin A-storing cells in liver (hepatic stellate cells I do have very sensitive skin. Vitamin D Myths Facts and Statistics by graphs + Follow.. D and recurrent ear infections may be helped by vitamin D Retinol is a form of vitamin A that has similar but milder effects Vitamin D-3 can come from animal-based foods How Much Vitamin D3 Should a Person Take? Alcoholics are at risk for vitamin B deficiencies According to a study published in 1986 in Alcohol and Alcoholism alcohol increases vitamin C excretion in I was working at a magazine at the time and the skin care oil trend was blowing up all the Sudden vision loss is resulting in temporary or acne treatments and skin care from Dr both over-the-counter and prescription varieties. Amazon.com: Maximum Hair Regrowth Treatment for ...
Our bodys requirement for vitamins and minerals varied accordingly. And, going the same way, a sufficient amount of Vitamin A is needed to keep the body, as well as the skin healthy. While in-taking Vitamin A, you need to be careful about its benefits, drawbacks, and effects that you may face by its deficiency or overdose. To know more about the same, read the following.. What defines Vitamin A Retinol?. Vitamin A Retinol is a supplement of vitamin that remains available on almost every over-the-counter as a nutrient, or in the form of prescription injection Aquasol A in case the high dosage is required.. It is one of four fat-soluble vitamins, and the best way to intake is to have it with food.. The liver approx. 90% of the bodys vitamin A.. Vitamin A exists in various forms, that can be divided into two categories: preformed vitamin A that comes in animal products like dairy and meat, and provitamin A in plants. Provitamin A is being converted to vitamin A in our body.. Deficiency of Vitamin ...
Full Text - Objective: The current study evaluated the relationship between circulating fat soluble vitamin status and cognition in aging Chinese population.Methods: A cross-sectional study was carried out in 1754 community residents aged 55-80 years aiming to evaluate the relationship between circulating α-tocopherol and retinol status and cognition. The effect of ApoE genetic polymorphism on the relationship between vitamins and cognition was also explored.Results: Our results indicated that serum retinol status positively correlated with cognitive performance; while, serum α-tocopherol (α-TOH)/retinol ratio negatively correlated with cognitive performance. Mild cognitive impairment (MCI) subject demonstrated higher serum α-TOH status (P < 0.05), α-TOH/retinol ratio (P < 0.01) and lower retinol status (P < 0.01) than normal subjects. Subjects with ApoE4 genotype have lower serum retinol level (P < 0.05) and higher α-TOH/retinol ratio (P < 0.01)
Bhat, P V. and Luca, L M., Enzymatic conversion of retinol to anhydroretinol in spontaneously transformed mouse fibroblasts (balb/c 3t12-3 cells). Abstr. (1979). Subject Strain Bibliography 1979. 1255 ...
Sixty young adult Syrian hamsters were divided into five groups. Group 1 and Group 2 animals were treated with 0.25% dimethylbenz(a)anthracene (DMBA), painted on their left buccal pouches thrice weekly for 20 weeks. Starting at 12 weeks, at which time there was clinical evidence of leukoplakia and initial tumor formation, Group 2 animals received 10 mg retinyl acetate 3 times/week in a 5% solution in peanut oil, while Group 1 animals received only peanut oil. Two animals in Group 1 and two animals in Group 2 were sacrificed weekly from week 12 to week 20. Left buccal pouches were examined, tumors were counted, and tumor size was measured. Group 3 animals were untreated controls, Group 4 animals were retinyl acetate controls, and Group 5 animals received only peanut oil. It was found that DMBA-treated animals receiving retinyl acetate from week 12 to week 20 developed fewer tumors, and their average tumor size was less than that in DMBA-treated animals not receiving retinyl acetate. It appears ...
This blinded randomised trial has shown that oral supplementation of vitamin A in a dose of 5000 IU/day did result in an increase in plasma retinol concentrations but did not decrease the incidence of CLD in preterm infants of less than 1000 g birth weight. In addition, mortality and the incidence of other complications such as ROP, IVH, NEC, and PDA were unaffected by vitamin A supplementation. The results of this study of oral supplementation are in contrast with previous studies, which used intramuscular supplementation of vitamin A and showed a significant decrease in the incidence of oxygen dependency at 1 month of age and/or death.6-12 Although most of these studies were performed before the routine use of antenatal steroids and postnatal surfactant, the most recent study was performed after the introduction of these important interventions, which may influence the incidence of CLD.6 This study is the first randomised controlled trial of oral vitamin A supplementation, and it has been ...
Vitamin A is essential to human health in multiple ways. However, recent evidences show that needless and excessive vitamin A supplementation can affect bone health. Animal-sourced vitamin A (preformed vitamin A), and not plant-derived vitamin A (provitamin A), was shown to be associated with increased risk of osteoporotic bone fractures. But before you go cutting off vitamin A from your diet and supplements, know that low vitamin A levels have also been linked with osteoporosis. This article discusses the effect of vitamin A on bone health, how excessive intake of the vitamin A can lower bone mineral density and just how much vitamin A is too much for your bones.
Vitamin A palmitate 1.5MIU/g is the Corrective Vitamin otherwise known as Retinol Palmitate or Retinyl Palmitate. Retinyl palmitate can be used as an additive in skin care formulations or can be applied directly onto the skin. After its absorption into the skin, retinyl palmitate is converted to retinol, and ultimately to retinoic acid (the active form of vitamin A present in Retin-A). Only retinoids such as retinoic acid have a direct effect on skin and can adjust to help the skin achieve a more youthful look.. ...
Finding the best retinol cream (drugstore or high end) can get tricky, not to mention pricey! These wont-break-the-bank retinol treatments actually work to turn back the clock!
Todays post from i-base.info (see link below) looks at something which will directly affect many people living with HIV and other complications such as neuropathy and that is vitamin intake. Many people supplement their diets with vitamins: some will take too little to have any noticeable effect and others will take too many, resulting in possible toxicity and liver and kidney problems. You will find articles all over the Net advising this that or the other for your immune system and also a great deal of supplement advice for your neuropathy problems. The studies mentioned here suggest that high-dosage vitamin supplementation may not be a good idea at all but as the author says, the jury is still out in most cases. Part of the problem for HIV-patients is that they may be reluctant to stop one supplement because theyre not sure if its doing them any good or not but are reluctant to stop and in the meantime, they take on further supplements possibly building up a dangerous and unnecessary ...
Estimation of functional liver reserve in patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) in cirrhosis is of paramount importance to properly select candid
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For years I have been taking vitamin C in high doses (around 5 000-6 000 mg) on occasion to heal wounds Whenever I bite my lip by accident a very large dose of Vitamin C almost always heals the wound up like magic I have long been a big believer in the magical powers of Vitamin C so it never occurred to me that it could be so dangerous during pregnancy Request A Quotation! ...
The American Bone Health organization, says Vitamin A is a fat-soluble vitamin that is important to build strong, healthy bones.. Both osteoblasts (bone building cells) and osteoclasts (bone breaking down cells) are influenced by vitamin A. Despite its good effects, most clinical research links higher vitamin A levels with lower bone density and fractures.. Sources of Vitamin A. One source of vitamin A is retinol, found in meat and fish, fortified breakfast cereals, and vitamin supplements. Vitamin A is fat-soluble and stored in our livers. So, the liver of fish and animals are particularly rich in vitamin A.. Another source of vitamin A is beta-carotene, found in dark green and orange fruits and vegetables. Beta-carotene is generally considered safe. According to the National Institutes of Health, the RDA is 2,330 IUs for women in the age range 19+.. Amanda A. Kostro Miller, RD, LDN, who serves on the advisory board for Fitter Living points various food sources of Vitamin A: meat, dairy, eggs, ...
In developing Vitamin Code 50 & Wiser Womens Formula, Garden of Life paid special attention to the complexities of a womans body in this changing stage of life. Providing select nutrients to support breast health with added vitamins D and E, bone strength* with vitamins A, C, D, calcium, magnesium and zinc, and cardiovascular support* by adding vitamin B complex and vitamins C and E*, Vitamin Code 50 & Wiser Womens formulation delivers the appropriate nutrients to support these key health areas.Vitamin Code 50 & Wiser Womens Formula is a comprehensive multi-vitamin with RAW Food-Created Nutrients offering an extreme synergistic blend of vitamins and minerals for extraordinary health and vitality. This specialized formula for maturing women addresses nutritional needs to support the following areas:Breast Health* - Vitamins D and E Bone Strength* - Vitamins A, C, D, Calcium, Magnesium, Zinc Heart Health* - Vitamin B Complex, Vitamins C and E Optimal Digestion* - Live Probiotics and Enzymes, Vitamin
Vitamins have undisputed importance in the human body. The levels of vitamins in the body have a major impact on how the body performs. Vitamins serve endless purposes and functions in the body which makes it necessary to keep an eye on their levels in the body. Their importance and requirement can never suffice for over intake also. Too much intake of vitamins can have their effects and consequences.. Vitamin B-12 is one such important vitamin in the human body. Vitamin B-12 helps in the formation of DNA and red blood cells, proper nerve functioning, brain health, etc. Another factor that makes Vitamin B-12 important is the fact that our body does not produce it. We have to maintain its levels by external means. The human body like most vitamins does not store Vitamin B-12 in the body so we have to take in small amounts of Vitamin B-12 daily in our diet.. This brings us to another question. How much of Vitamin B-12 do we need to intake?. Levels and amounts of per day intake of Vitamin B-12 ...
Multi vitamins are so common these days you wouldnt even think of them as a supplement. A multi vitamin is defined in the dictionary as a preparation intended to supplement a human diet with vitamins, minerals and other nutritional elements. The US government categorizes multi vitamin under food, because it contains 3 or more vitamins or minerals but does not contain herbs, hormones, or drugs.. The multi vitamin can come in many forms such as tablets, capsules, packs, powders, liquids and even injections; however, injections can only be prescribed by a doctor. There are many different combinations and doses of vitamins and minerals and many of them exceed the 100% recommended daily allowance. Depending on your physical needs, many of the excess vitamins and minerals that cannot be digested are harmlessly excreted out of the body. There are a few that will not exceed the RDA such as Vitamin A, Vitamin K, Iron, and many of the trace elements because they are not easily depleted unless under ...
Multi vitamins are so common these days you wouldnt even think of them as a supplement. A multi vitamin is defined in the dictionary as a preparation intended to supplement a human diet with vitamins, minerals and other nutritional elements. The US government categorizes multi vitamin under food, because it contains 3 or more vitamins or minerals but does not contain herbs, hormones, or drugs.. The multi vitamin can come in many forms such as tablets, capsules, packs, powders, liquids and even injections; however, injections can only be prescribed by a doctor. There are many different combinations and doses of vitamins and minerals and many of them exceed the 100% recommended daily allowance. Depending on your physical needs, many of the excess vitamins and minerals that cannot be digested are harmlessly excreted out of the body. There are a few that will not exceed the RDA such as Vitamin A, Vitamin K, Iron, and many of the trace elements because they are not easily depleted unless under ...
90% of women and 71% of men get less than the RDA for vitamin B6. Dietary vitamin B-6 intake and food sources in the US population: NHANES II, 1976-1980. Kant AK, et al. 1990.. Men with the lowest amount of vitamin C have a 62% increased risk of cancer and a 57% increased risk of dying from any cause. Vitamin C status and mortality in US adults. Loria CM, et al. Am J Clin Nutr 72:139-45, 2000.. Lutein and zeaxanthin reduce the incidence of cataract by 22%. A prospective study of carotenoid and vitamin A intakes and risk of cataract extraction in US women. Chasan-Taber L, et al. Am J Clin Nutr 70:509-16, 1999.. People with low levels of retinol, beta-carotene, vitamin E and selenium are more likely to get cancer. Serum retinol, beta-carotene, vitamin E and selenium as related to subsequent cancer of specific sites. Comstock GW, et al. Am J Epidemiol 135:115-21, 1992.. Supplemental vitamin D reduces the risk of colon cancer by half compared to dietary vitamin D which reduces it 12%. Calcium, ...
Gout and Vitamin C. Theres a favourable connection. The last major study on this subject concluded that Vitamin C does reduce uric acid levels. Taking
Vitamin D deficiencies have been linked to daytime sleepiness, depression, autoimmune disease, insulin resistance, complications during pregnancy, muscle and joint pain, obesity, and problems with the thyroid.
This study was done with people who were infected with HIV and needed to start treatment for their HIV disease. The purpose of this study is to see if taking vitamin D and calcium will help prevent the bone loss that sometimes happens when people start HIV treatment. For this study, the following HIV treatment (or HAART) were provided in the form of a single tablet that contains three different drugs: efavirenz/emtricitabine/tenofovir (EFV/FTC/TDF). These drugs are approved by the FDA to treat HIV infection. The HIV treatment provided is common for people who are taking HIV drugs for the first time. The risks seen with this HIV treatment are the same that you would encounter when taking these drugs outside of the study. The lists of risks of this HIV treatment are included in this document because the drugs are provided by the study, not because the drugs are being tested. The purpose of the study is only to look at the impact of high doses of vitamin D and calcium in preventing bone loss. There ...
In developing Vitamin Code 50 & Wiser Womens Formula, Garden of Life paid special attention to the complexities of a womans body in this changing stage of life. Providing select nutrients to support breast health with added vitamins D and E, bone strength* with vitamins A, C, D, calcium, magnesium and zinc, and cardiovascular support* by adding vitamin B complex and vitamins C and E*, Vitamin Code 50 & Wiser Womens formulation delivers the appropriate nutrients to support these key health areas. Vitamin Code 50 & Wiser Womens Formula is a comprehensive multi-vitamin with RAW Food-Created Nutrients offering an extreme synergistic blend of vitamins and minerals for extraordinary health and vitality. This specialized formula for maturing women addresses nutritional needs to support the following areas: Breast Health* - Vitamins D and E Bone Strength* - Vitamins A, C, D, Calcium, Magnesium, Zinc Heart Health* - Vitamin B Complex, Vitamins C and E Optimal Digestion* - Live Probiotics and
Your body requires nutrition from the food you eat to carry out every body function and process. Vitamins and minerals must first be absorbed from the digestive tract by complex mechanisms. Sometimes, you may have a deficiency of a certain nutrient because your body is unable to absorb and use it properly. VItamin and minerals deficiencies can cause several types of symptoms.. Check your skin, scalp and eyes for dryness and itchiness. Also check to see if your lips are dry and cracked. A lack of moisture in your skin may indicate low vitamin A or vitamin E levels. These vitamins also aid skin healing. Check your skin for slow-healing wounds. Look for flakiness and dandruff in your scalp; this may indicate a deficiency of vitamin A, vitamin B6 or the mineral zinc.. Inspect your tongue and gums. Canker sores or a sore tongue can indicate low levels of vitamin B2, vitamin B3 or vitamin B12. Tender, bruised or bleeding gums may be due to a deficiency of vitamin C.. Observe the inner lining of your ...
Treating cancer with high-doses of vitamin C is a zombie idea that began with Linus Pauling, and has failed to die ever since. But has new research vindicated this idea? No. No in any meaningful way. This work is the very definition of a long run for a short slide.. ...
Success in health is something elusive to many. They may start to eat a cleaner diet and even work out a few times per week, but they never feel theyve achieved optimal health. What they are missing is vitamins and minerals, and the following tips https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bipolar_disorder and tricks should help you learn about this topic. If you are feeling like you need a bit of a boost you need to increase your vitamin intake. Vitamin C not only aids in fighting off infection, it also gives you additional energy by supplementing what you may be lacking. The main reason we feel less than ideal is that we are deficient in vitamins and minerals. Men require different vitamins and minerals than women. A daily vitamin for men should have higher concentrations of B12 and B6. Another helpful vitamin to prevent hair loss is vitamin H. Along with folic acid, vitamin H will help regenerate cells and reduce the signs of aging. Vitamin E and lycopene are also beneficial for male prostrate health. If you
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Not only is medical imaging worthless in determining which cases will benefit from Vitamin B12 therapy, but blood testing has little value either. Since the 1950s, several studies have shown that cases of dementia that respond well to vitamin B12 therapy often have completely normal Vitamin B12 blood tests. Yet 50 years later, doctors still rely EXCLUSIVELY on blood testing and medical imaging to determine the need for Vitamin B12 therapy. These studies are clearly showing that a trial regimen of high dose vitamin B12 is absolutely warranted with cases of new onset dementia regardless of the results of medical testing. Yet modern medicine is simply NOT paying attention, and this extraordinarily safe therapy that costs less than $100 is virtually NEVER instituted. As a result, Alzheimer`s patients who COULD have benefited if B12 therapy were instituted soon after diagnosis are left with no memory and no hope ...
METHODS: Twenty-five patients with POAG, 24 with PEXG, and 18 with NTG, along with 19 control healthy subjects were included this â ¦ Are there any specific kinds of vitamins or nutrients I can take that will prevent my glaucoma from worsening? aspirin and/or clopidogrel (Plavix) and high-dose lipid-lowering statins (e.g. However, there are replacements available in the market to consume Vitamin B12 in an appropriate amount. Distorted microcirculation and abnormal per-fusion can cause glaucomatous damage in optic nerve head(12). Vitamin B-12 -- also known as cobalamin -- is a member of the B vitamin family; this nutrient helps in the formation of red blood cells and is important in nervous system function. Vitamin C is an essential water-soluble vitamin with many properties that support health. Vitamin B12. Vitamin C is probably one of the easiest vitamins to get. One study reported no association of vitamin B12 intake with PEX glaucoma . There was no significant difference in the level of ...
If you search for vitamins in google you will end with millions of results, there are various types of vitamins each one have a unique difference in you. One can increase your energy , and one can stimulate your brain cells and even your sex vitality. The name vitamins came from they are vital for your health. But it is more important to get from right place and in right amount.. There are 13 essential vitamins to human health have been discovered so far. And the most important is , they are classified in to fat soluble and water soluble. The B vitamins and C vitamins are fat soluble and easily absorbed. We all worry about the vitamin D levels and its deficiency. But vitamin B12 deficiency is the most worrying factor for your health. About 40% of the worlds population have a low level of Vitamin B12. With low B12 levels, your brain doesnt work quite right and more often than not youre suffering from chronic fatigue. But vitamin B12 does more than just support healthy energy levels. Its ...
In addition, infants receiving unfortified formula may need vitamin A supplements. Vitamin A absorption will be decreased in any condition in which fat is poorly absorbed. Increased need for vitamin A should be determined by your health care professional. Claims that vitamin A is effective for treatment of conditions such as acne or lung diseases, or for treatment of eye problems, wounds, or dry or wrinkled skin not caused by lack of vitamin A have not been proven. Although vitamin A is being used to prevent certain types of cancer, some experts feel there is not enough information to show that this is effective, particularly in well-nourished individuals. Injectable vitamin A is given by or under the supervision of a health care professional. Other forms of vitamin A are available without a prescription. For good health, it is important that you eat a balanced and varied diet. Follow carefully any diet program your health care professional may recommend. For your specific dietary vitamin and/or ...
Your body needs vitamins and nutrients for so many reasons. Vitamins and minerals help your body perform daily functions that you take for granted. Understanding how vitamins work and what vitamins help with what functions is important when planning a healthy diet. Keep reading to learn more about giving your body the nutrients it needs.. Schedule your supplement doses for mealtimes when any supplements have fats that need to be taken along with food. Some of the best vitamins to take with food are vitamins K and E. They are best absorbed when consumed along with fat.. Thiamine, or vitamin B1, deficiency can cause neurological and psychiatric symptoms. These symptoms can include weight loss, weakness, irregular heart rate and psychosis. A vitamin B complex can ensure you receive the vitamin B1 you need, or you can eat pork, brown rice, liver, oatmeal, leafy vegetables, eggs and potatoes.. Coenzyme Q-10 is used to treat heart and vessel conditions, including angina, congestive heart failure, ...
TY - GEN. T1 - Terbutaline via turbuhaler¿ and pMDI: a study of the relative dose response in patients with asthma. AU - Mitchell, C.A.. AU - Thompson, Philip. AU - Ruffin, R.E.. AU - Walters, E.H.. PY - 1998. Y1 - 1998. M3 - Conference paper. VL - 28(2). SP - 261. BT - Annual Scientific Meeting of the Thoracic Society of Australia and New Zealand. A2 - Macdonald, G.. PB - Adis International Ltd. CY - Sydney. T2 - Terbutaline via turbuhaler¿ and pMDI: a study of the relative dose response in patients with asthma. Y2 - 1 January 1998. ER - ...
Hypervitaminosis A refers to the toxic effects of ingesting too much preformed vitamin A. Symptoms arise as a result of altered bone metabolism and altered metabolism of other fat-soluble vitamins. Hypervitaminosis A is believed to have occurred in early humans, and the problem has persisted throughout human history. Toxicity results from ingesting too much preformed vitamin A from foods (such as fish or animal liver), supplements, or prescription medications and can be prevented by ingesting no more than the recommended daily amount. Diagnosis can be difficult, as serum retinol is not sensitive to toxic levels of vitamin A, but there are effective tests available. Hypervitaminosis A is usually treated by stopping intake of the offending food(s), supplement(s), or medication. Most people make a full recovery. High intake of provitamin carotenoids (such as beta carotene) from vegetables and fruits does not cause hypervitaminosis A, as conversion from carotenoids to the active form of vitamin A is ...
The major source of retinoids from the diet are plant pigments such as carotenes and retinyl esters derived from animal sources. Retinyl esters are hydrolyzed in the intestinal lumen to yield free retinol and the corresponding fatty acid (i.e. palmitate or stearate). After hydrolysis, retinol is taken up by the enterocytes. Retinyl ester hydrolysis requires the presence of bile salts that serve to solubilize the retinyl esters in mixed micelles and to activate the hydrolyzing enzymes [3]. Several enzymes that are present in the intestinal lumen may be involved in the hydrolysis of dietary retinyl esters. Cholesterol esterase is secreted into the intestinal lumen from the pancreas and has been shown, in vitro, to display retinyl ester hydrolase activity. In addition, a retinyl ester hydrolase that is intrinsic to the brush-border membrane of the small intestine has been characterized in the rat as well as in the human. The different hydrolyzing enzymes are activated by different types of bile ...
Until recently, it was thought that the sole important retinoid delivery pathway to tissues involved retinol bound to retinol-binding protein (RBP4). More recent findings, however, indicate that retinoids can be delivered to tissues through multiple overlapping delivery pathways, involving chylomicrons, very low density lipoprotein (VLDL) and low density lipoprotein (LDL), retinoic acid bound to albumin, water soluble β-glucuronides of retinol and retinoic acid, and provitamin A carotenoids.[29]. The range of serum retinol concentrations under normal conditions is 1-3 μmol/l. Elevated amounts of retinyl ester (i.e., , 10% of total circulating vitamin A) in the fasting state have been used as markers for chronic hypervitaminosis A in humans. Candidate mechanisms for this increase include decreased hepatic uptake of vitamin A and the leaking of esters into the bloodstream from saturated hepatic stellate cells.[20]. ...
The effect of excess vitamin A on the oesophageal epithelium of late foetal rats has been studied in organ culture.. In explants kept in normal medium the epithelium is, at first, higher and the keratinisation increased as compared with the development of the organ in vivo. At the later stages of growth, the acceleration of keratinisation leads to an extreme thinning of the epithelium.. Excess vitamin A completely inhibits keratinisation and induces a transformation of the cells lining the oesophageal lumen into mucin-secreting elements. In vitamin A-treated cultures the epithelium remains high throughout the whole period of cultivation.. The amount of secretory matter and the height of the epithelium seem to depend on an adequate supply of oxygen and carbon dioxide to the cells.. ...
Define fat-soluble vitamin. fat-soluble vitamin synonyms, fat-soluble vitamin pronunciation, fat-soluble vitamin translation, English dictionary definition of fat-soluble vitamin. Noun 1. fat-soluble vitamin - any vitamin that is soluble in fats vitamin - any of a group of organic substances essential in small quantities to normal...
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Fat soluble vitamins (A, D, E and K) work together to create balance in your system. How well vitamin E is absorbed and utilized, for example, depends on the other fat-soluble vitamins and vice versa. Vitamins A, D, E and K have an important synergistic relationship. They are also vital in ensuring proper absorption and bioavailability of calcium from the foods we eat.. Vitamin A, for example, works with vitamin D to support your immune system and bone and teeth health. In addition, vitamin A is an important antioxidant that may improve vision and skin.. Studies have demonstrated this checks and balances system that exists between vitamin A and vitamin D in that vitamin A also reduces D toxicity levels and vice versa. This goes for all fat-soluble vitamins. Fat soluble vitamins, therefore, work like hormones in our system. One is linked strongly with the other. In lab rats given 10 times the normal amount of Vitamin A, for example, blood levels of vitamin E and D dropped, as a result. When given ...
VITAMINS. Vitamins are organic compounds which are needed in small quantities to sustain life. We need to take vitamins from food because the human body either does not produce enough of them or none at all.. There are two types of vitamins:. Fat-soluble vitamins: Fat-soluble vitamins are stored in the fatty tissues of the body and the liver. Fat-soluble vitamins are easier to store than water-soluble ones and can stay in the body as reserves for days, some of them for months. Fat-soluble vitamins are absorbed through the intestinal tract with the help of fats (lipids). Vitamins A, D, E, and K are fat-soluble.. Water-soluble vitamins: Water-soluble vitamins do not get stored in the body for long - they soon get excreted in urine. Because of this, water-soluble vitamins need to be replaced more often than fat-soluble ones. Vitamins C and all the B vitamins are water-soluble.. Vitamin A. Chemical names - retinol, retinal, and four carotenoids (including beta carotene). Good sources include: liver, ...
Vitamins are essential for the normal growth and development of humans, and include vitamin A, vitamin B, vitamin C, vitamin C, vitamin D, vitamin E, vitamin K and many more. See below for local businesses in Roswell that give access to vitamins as well as advice and content on fat-soluble vitamins and water-soluble vitamins.
Vitamins are essential for the normal growth and development of humans, and include vitamin A, vitamin B, vitamin C, vitamin C, vitamin D, vitamin E, vitamin K and many more. See below for local businesses in Juneau that give access to vitamins as well as advice and content on fat-soluble vitamins and water-soluble vitamins.
Think for a while. Do you think you are fit enough? What are the problems you are suffering from? Do you know the reasons behind them? Wait. Have a close look at your diet chart and discover the lack in it. See whether you are getting an adequate amount of vitamins from your daily diet or not. Vitamins play a very important role in your growth, health, and well being.. Vitamins can be broadly categorized into two parts. These are fat soluble vitamins and the water soluble vitamins. The fat soluble vitamins are vitamin A, vitamin D, vitamin E and vitamin K.. The main thing you should know about these fat soluble vitamins is that these vitamins are not like the water soluble vitamins that pass through the forms of sweat or urine. The fat-soluble vitamins on the other hand are stored in your body. These remain stored in the liver and the fatty tissues. That is why these vitamins are needed in a very small amount in your body.. ...
Additionally, excessive vitamin A intake has been linked to several CNS-associated disturbances, including headache, pseudotumor cerebri and confusion, as well as cognitive impairments, such as irritability, anxiety and depression (Fenaux et al., 2001, Allen and Haskell, 2002 and Myhre et al., 2003). On learn more the other hand, vitamin A supplementation,. like retinyl palmitate in doses as high as 10,000 IU/daily (200 IU/kg/Day), seems to be safe by many authors to fertile women, at any time during pregnancy, independently of their vitamin A status, and others suggest higher levels of safety (Dolk et al., 1999, IVACG, 1998 and Ross et al., 2000). According to this contradictory data, retinoid research in pregnancy is of great value to truly elucidate this confused panel. Furthermore, vitamin A is also a redox-active molecule and has been demonstrated to play a potential pro-oxidant effect in concentrations slightly above the physiologic http://www.selleckchem.com/products/VX-770.html levels in ...
Press Release issued Nov 20, 2014: Vitamins supplements are non-drug and non-hormone based nutritional products that can be consumed as powders, pills, liquids or by injection. There are various types of vitamins supplements such as vitamin A, vitamin B, vitamin C, vitamin D, vitamin E and vitamin K. supplements are broadly classified under multivitamins and individual vitamins such as vitamin A, vitamin B, vitamin C, vitamin D, vitamin E and vitamin K.
The administration of 2.5 mg retinyl acetate daily in the diet to female Sprague-Dawley rats beginning 7 days after the intragastric instillation of either 2.5, 5, or 15 mg 7,12-dimethylbenz(a)anthracene (CMBA) resulted in a reduction in the incidence of benign mammary tumors of 37, 30, and 31%, respectively. An equally significant reduction in the number of tumors was also evident. Although no difference was noted in the percentage incidence of mammary adenocarcinomas between the placebo and 2.5 mg retinyl acetate-treated groups at the 2.5-mg DMBA level, the percentage incidence was reduced by 52 and 39% in these groups at the 5- and 15-mg DMBA dose. Furthermore, the number of adenocarcinomas was also significantly reduced. Although both the percentage incidence and number of tumors were reduced by treatment with 1 mg retinyl acetate, these differences were not statistically significant. Liver histology and liver function tests of rats of the retinyl acetate groups did not differ from that of the
Liver has enormous capacity to store vitamin A which is stored in the form of retinol palmitate. Under normal condition, a well fed person has enough vitamin A storage to meet his needs for 6-9 months. Free retinol is highly active but toxic and is therefore transported within the blood stream in association with retinol binding protein which is produced by the liver. In case of severe deficiency, decreased production of retinol binding protein prevents the mobilization of liver retinol reserves.. ...
Breakfast cereals advertise that they re packed with vitamins and minerals. Sports drinks claim they can rev up your flagging energy with a jolt of vitamins or minerals (sorry, but even powerful vitamins and minerals can t act that fast!). You know vitamins and minerals are good for you. But which ones does your body really need? And is it possible to get too much of a good thing? Vitamins and minerals make peoples bodies work properly. Although you get vitamins and minerals from the foods you eat every day, some foods have more vitamins and minerals than others. Vitamins fall into two categories: fat soluble and water soluble. The fat-soluble vitamins A, D, E, and K dissolve in fat and can be stored in your body. The water-soluble vitamins C and the B-complex vitamins (such as vitamins B6, B12, niacin, riboflavin, and folate) need to dissolve in water before your body can absorb them. Because of this, your body cant store these vitamins. Any vitamin C or B that your body doesnt use as it ...
This study determines the effect of lysophosphatidylcholine (lysoPC) and phosphatidylcholine (PC) in mixed micelles on beta-carotene and retinyl palmitate levels in rats in order to delineate the role of micellar phospholipids in the intestinal uptake of beta-carotene and its conversion into vitamin A. The rats were fed a single dose of beta-carotene solubilized in lysoPC (LPC group), PC (PC group) or no phospholipids (NoPL, control group) in micellar form. The level of beta-carotene and retinyl palmitate in plasma and beta-carotene in liver was analyzed by HPLC after 1, 2, 3, 6 and 9 h of feeding. The postprandial levels of beta-carotene in plasma (599.9 pmol/mL, Area Under Curve (AUC)) and in liver (1,161.3 pmol/g) were significantly (p,0.05) higher in the LPC group compared with its level in plasma (207.2 pmol/mL) and in liver (616.5 pmol/g) of the PC group and in plasma (119.1 pmol/mL) and in liver (626.2 pmol/g) of the NoPL group. No difference was seen between the PC and NoPL groups. The ...
If these strategies do not work, poor vitamin A status should be considered a possible explanation. This interpretation is strengthened if you have poor night vision (for example, if you strain your eyes or have trouble seeing when driving down an unlit road with your headlights alone but can see fine without any eyestrain during the day) or dry eyes. This interpretation is also strengthened if you have serum retinol near or below the bottom of the reference range, or if you track your vitamin A intake and your daily average is below the RDA.. It is important to note that any of these additional pieces of evidence strengthen the interpretation of poor vitamin A status, but their absence does not rule it out. If circadian rhythm disruption is more sensitive to deficiency than night blindness, then it may occur in the absence of other clinical signs, at serum retinol concentrations within the reference range, and at vitamin A intakes above the RDA.. The best way to ensure basic adequacy of vitamin ...
There is no audible B vitamin, but rather there are eight baptize acrid vitamins, anniversary of which plays an important role in the corpuscle metabolism process, authoritative up what is accepted as the B-Complex vitamin. While the B vitamins were already believed to be aloof a audible vitamin, analysis has showed that these are eight chemically audible vitamins that can coexist in the aforementioned foods, but that can additionally be begin alone in added accomplished aliment sources as well. While these eight vitamins can be accumulated in a supplement accepted as the vitamin B complex, alone B vitamin supplements are additionally available. Anniversary of the Vitamin B vitamins is differentiated by a number, and additionally has its own altered name.. Vitamin B1 - Vitamin B1 is additionally referred to as Thiamine, and is a baptize acrid vitamin that is capital for advantageous neural function, and metabolism of carbohydrates. The aftereffect of a thiamin absence in best cases is Beriberi, ...
There is no audible B vitamin, but rather there are eight baptize acrid vitamins, anniversary of which plays an important role in the corpuscle metabolism process, authoritative up what is accepted as the B-Complex vitamin. While the B vitamins were already believed to be aloof a audible vitamin, analysis has showed that these are eight chemically audible vitamins that can coexist in the aforementioned foods, but that can additionally be begin alone in added accomplished aliment sources as well. While these eight vitamins can be accumulated in a supplement accepted as the vitamin B complex, alone B vitamin supplements are additionally available. Anniversary of the Vitamin B vitamins is differentiated by a number, and additionally has its own altered name.. Vitamin B1 - Vitamin B1 is additionally referred to as Thiamine, and is a baptize acrid vitamin that is capital for advantageous neural function, and metabolism of carbohydrates. The aftereffect of a thiamin absence in best cases is Beriberi, ...
SAFETY. Toxicity: The condition caused by vitamin A toxicity is called hypervitaminosis A. It is caused by overconsumption of preformed vitamin A, not carotenoids. Preformed vitamin A is rapidly absorbed and slowly cleared from the body, so toxicity may result acutely from high-dose exposure over a short period of time, or chronically from much lower intake (8). Vitamin A toxicity is relatively rare. Symptoms include nausea, headache, fatigue, loss of appetite, dizziness, and dry skin. Signs of chronic toxicity include, dry itchy skin, loss of appetite, headache, and bone and joint pain. Severe cases of hypervitaminosis A may result in liver damage, hemorrhage, and coma. Generally, signs of toxicity are associated with long-term consumption of vitamin A in excess of 10 times the RDA (8,000 to 10,000 mcg/day or 25,000 to 33,000 IU/day). However, there is evidence that some populations may be more susceptible to toxicity at lower doses, including the elderly, chronic alcohol users, and some people ...
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1. Vitamin C: Case HS (2018) Vitamin C questions answered. Orthomolecular Medicine News Service, http://orthomolecular.org/resources/omns/v14n12.shtml. Gonzalez MJ, Berdiel MJ, Duconge J (2018) High dose vitamin C and influenza: A case report. J Orthomol Med. June, 2018, 33(3). https://isom.ca/article/high-dose-vitamin-c-influenza-case-report. Gorton HC, Jarvis K (1999) The effectiveness of vitamin C in preventing and relieving the symptoms of virus-induced respiratory infections. J Manip Physiol Ther, 22:8, 530-533. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/10543583 Hemilä H (2017) Vitamin C and infections. Nutrients. 9(4). pii:E339. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/28353648. Hickey S, Saul AW (2015) Vitamin C: The real story. Basic Health Pub. ISBN-13: 978-1591202233. Levy TE (2014) The clinical impact of vitamin C. Orthomolecular Medicine News Service, http://orthomolecular.org/resources/omns/v10n14.shtml OMNS (2007) Vitamin C: a highly effective treatment for colds. ...
Vitamins for cardiac health are specific vitamins which contribute to overall heart health and function, while helping prevent heart disease and other cardiovascular issues.. The most important group of vitamins specifically for heart health is the B Vitamin Family. These vitamins serve specific functions that can significantly reduce your risk of developing heart disease.. The B Vitamins, specifically folic acid (Vitamin B9), Vitamin B6 and Vitamin B12 are all responsible for helping the body remove homocysteine from the blood. High levels of homocysteine can cause artery damage. Meat is a good source of B vitamins, which is why vegetarians have an increased risk of dangerous homocysteine levels. It is especially important that they supplement these important vitamins for cardiac health.. Vitamin B3, known more commonly as niacin, may also reduce cholesterol in high concentrations, although further testing is needed to prove this conclusively. As far as other heart vitamins are concerned, ...
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The Vitamin alphabet. The naming of vitamins began with Funk s isolated concentrate. The molecule present here was called vitamin B, since it cured Beri beri disease. Following this, vitamins were name alphabetically: vitamin A was discovered in 1913-1914, and then in chronological order, vitamin C, vitamin D which could cure rickets disease, and vitamin E which was important to fertility. The later discovery of a vitamin required for blood clotting led to the naming of vitamin K where the K denotes koagulation.. One particular group of vitamins was found to have similar properties and functions, in that they are all coenzymes (aids to enzymes). These are the B group vitamins, which are all water-soluble. Initially, they were given numbers, but as their chemical structures were determined, they were given names which are now increasingly used. A list of the main B vitamins is given below:. ...
Vitamins are essential for the body to be able to put the nutrients in food to use.. Because vitamins are not produced by the body, we have to get them through the food that we also eat!. Our bodies only need a certain amount of vitamins, which can be provided by eating reasonable amounts of foods that contain those vitamins.. This certainly makes more sense to me than eating all kinds of refined, vitamin-depleted foods and then guzzling vitamin supplement pills to make up for it.. The amounts of vitamins found in foods in their fresh, natural state are enough to supply our bodies nicely, provided we are not eating foods which, in the digestion process, deplete vitamins from our bodies, including anti-calorie foods such as white sugar, or living in environments which deplete our bodies of vitamins. Under these circumstances, vitamin supplements may be necessary.. If there is a bad vitamin deficiency from prolonged depletion, vitamins may also be necessary. But that is vitamin therapy, and ...
The World Health Organization (WHO) classifies Guinea-Bissau as having severe vitamin A deficiency (VAD). To date, no national survey has been conducted. We assessed vitamin A status among children in rural Guinea-Bissau to assess status and identify risk factors for VAD. In a vitamin A supplementation trial in rural Guinea-Bissau, children aged 6 months to 2 years who were missing one or more vaccines were enrolled, vaccinated and randomized to vitamin A or placebo. Provided consent, a dried blood spot (DBS) sample was obtained from a subgroup of participants prior to supplementation. Vitamin A status and current infection was assessed by an ELISA measuring retinol-binding protein (RBP) and C-reactive protein (CRP). VAD was defined as RBP concentrations equivalent to plasma retinol |0.7 μmol/L; infection was defined as CRP |5 ml/L. In Poisson regression models providing prevalence ratios (PR), we investigated putative risk factors for VAD including sex, age, child factors, maternal factors, season
Vitamin A deficiency is estimated to affect approximately one third of children under the age of five around the world.[11] It is estimated to claim the lives of 670,000 children under five annually.[12] Approximately 250,000-500,000 children in developing countries become blind each year owing to vitamin A deficiency, with the highest prevalence in Southeast Asia and Africa.[13] Vitamin A deficiency is the leading cause of preventable childhood blindness, according to UNICEF.[14][15] It also increases the risk of death from common childhood conditions such as diarrhea. UNICEF regards addressing vitamin A deficiency as critical to reducing child mortality, the fourth of the United Nations Millennium Development Goals.[14]. Vitamin A deficiency can occur as either a primary or a secondary deficiency. A primary vitamin A deficiency occurs among children and adults who do not consume an adequate intake of provitamin A carotenoids from fruits and vegetables or preformed vitamin A from animal and ...
Vitamin A is the immune systems defensive line and it keeps germs and infections from entering the bodies. It is responsible for keeping the mucous membranes lining the nose, mouth, and throat moist and soft so that they can trap the germs, ceasing their infiltration. Moreover, this vitamin helps in generating enzymes that look out for germs that manage to enter the body and kill them. People deficient in this vitamin can consume vitamin A rich food sources like carrot, sweet potatoes, liver, dried herbs, lettuce, dried apricots, and cantaloupe.. Vitamin B Boosts Up Your Energy Level. Vitamin B usually boosts the energy levels, thereby boosting the immunity system. These vitamins are available in the form of vitamin supplements, including B6, B12, and foliate. Studies have revealed that vitamin B6 can also strengthen the immunity system to a great extent.. Vitamin C Generates Antibodies and WBC. Vitamin C is equally important for enhancing the immunity system of the body. It assists the body to ...
Purpose: : The RPE65 gene knockout (Rpe65-/-) mouse lacks isomerohydrolase activity in the visual cycle and lacks of 11-cis retinal, the chromorphore for rod and cone visual pigments. It has been suggested that the Rpe65-/- mouse is a model for vitamin A deficiency. The purpose of this study was to compare the phenotypes of the Rpe65-/- mouse with that in mice with vitamin A deficiency. Methods: : The mice (129sv) were fed with a vitamin A-deprived diet for 6 months. The age-matched control mice and Rpe65-/- mice were maintained under normal vitamin A-containing diet. The isomerohydrolase and LRAT activities were measured using an in vitro enzymatic activity assay. Endogenous retinoid profiles were analyzed by HPLC in mouse eyecup homogenates. Photoreceptor-specific gene expression was determined using real-time RT-PCR. Cone degeneration was determined by cone-specific staining and counting cones in the flat-mounted retina. The structure of photoreceptor outer segment was compared using SEM. ...
Hills Pet Nutrition has recalled certain dog foods because they potentially contain excess vitamin D resulting from a supplier error.
Vitamins are essential for the normal functioning of our body, as they play a vital role in cell functions, growth, and development. Vitamins can be grouped into two types: water soluble vitamins and fat soluble vitamins. Out of the 13 essential vitamins, four vitamins, namely, vitamins A, D, E and K, are fat soluble vitamins, while the other 9 vitamins, including vitamins C and the B vitamins, are water soluble vitamins.
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Animals that dont produce vitamin c. Some question whether ascorbic acid is an essential requirement for these species. How do they do it. Guinea pigs bats and dry-nosed primates have lost their ability to produce vitamin C in the same way. Most animals make their own vitamin C. In fact the cells of nearly all animals on the planet make plenty of their own vitamin C and thus have no need for it in their diets. Other notable animals that do not synthesize vitamin C are insects invertebrates and fishes. You are in RIGHT PLACE. Vitamin D is unique in that it is the only vitamin that can come from a non-food source namely sunshine. These are the tarsiers monkeys and apes including humans. Hence the secret to vitamin C is our need to supplement. In the body of a Vitamin C making mammal the Vitamin C molecule is made from a few small modifications to the glucose molecule. Animals that do not produce vitamin C in their bodies such as humans do produce a specific type of fat molecule called lipoprotein ...
human need for vitamins is low.And to maintain good health need good vitamins and regular flow of the body in the optimum volume.As with vitamin deficiency (absence of any one or more vitamins, which is typical in the monotonous diet), hypovitaminosis (vitamin deficiency), and in hypervitaminosis (excess of vitamins) in the body comes characteristic pathological change, impending disease.So you need to know what products and to what extent they are - good vitamins, what is the daily need for them.For a balanced diet, and even more so to comply with any diet, it is now very fashionable, it is important to know the role of each vitamin.. problems are solvable order to maintain good physical health and a fruitful mental activity a person needs to live in a clean environment, regularly eat a properly balanced high-quality natural food containing good vitamins to lead an active and healthy lifestyle, to fully relax, relate to lifepositively.. But the modern pace of life and lack a clean environment ...
Leutein. Zeaxanthin Some plant foods contain darkly colored pigments called Pro-vitamin A Carotenoids that can be converted to retinol during digestion. Two parts of carotene are required to form one part of retinol. Grass contains carotene so during the summer when more carotene is present, milk from cows will contain more vitamin A than in winter. Approximately 26% and 36% of vitamin A consumed by men is provided by Pro-vitamin A carotenoids.. Beta-Carotene is a Pro-Vitamin A carotenoid that is more efficiently converted to retinol than carotenoids. For example, alpha carotenoid and B-Cryptoxanthin are also converted to vitamin A but only half as efficiently as beta-carotene (1). Lycopene, lutein and zeaxanthin are carotenoids commonty founds in food. they are not sources of Vitamin A but may have other health promoting properties.. IMPORTANCE OF VITAMIN ...
Leutein. Zeaxanthin Some plant foods contain darkly colored pigments called Pro-vitamin A Carotenoids that can be converted to retinol during digestion. Two parts of carotene are required to form one part of retinol. Grass contains carotene so during the summer when more carotene is present, milk from cows will contain more vitamin A than in winter. Approximately 26% and 36% of vitamin A consumed by men is provided by Pro-vitamin A carotenoids.. Beta-Carotene is a Pro-Vitamin A carotenoid that is more efficiently converted to retinol than carotenoids. For example, alpha carotenoid and B-Cryptoxanthin are also converted to vitamin A but only half as efficiently as beta-carotene (1). Lycopene, lutein and zeaxanthin are carotenoids commonty founds in food. they are not sources of Vitamin A but may have other health promoting properties.. IMPORTANCE OF VITAMIN ...
Because active dogs require specialized vitamins and antioxidants, we loaded Genesis with the finest of their kind.. We started with Vitamin C. Vitamin C is used to boost the immune system, promote healing and fight off illness and remove waste from cell membranes. Conventional, non-stabilized forms of vitamin C function in the body for a short amount of time, which is roughly 4 hours.. At that time, it is secreted from the body in the urine. The Vitamin C we use in Genesis is an esterified vitamin C that lasts in the body for 18 hours and is very bioavailable. Imagine it as a timed release of vitamin C that your dog benefits from for 18 hours. Thats almost a full day of vitamin C!. We also provide high levels of vitamin E in Genesis. Vitamin E is know as an extremely effective antioxidant that directly supports immune function and helps reduce the risk of immune collapse in active dogs. Vitamin E is also very effective at removing waste from stressed tissue such as skeletal and organ ...
Because active dogs require specialized vitamins and antioxidants, we loaded Revive with the finest of their kind.. We started with Vitamin C. Vitamin C is used to boost the immune system, promote healing and fight off illness and remove waste from cell membranes. Conventional, non-stabilized forms of vitamin C function in the body for a short amount of time, which is roughly 4 hours.. At that time, it is secreted from the body in the urine. The Vitamin C we use in Revive is an esterified vitamin C that lasts in the body for 18 hours and is very bioavailable. Imagine it as a timed release of vitamin C that your dog benefits from for 18 hours. Thats almost a full day of vitamin C!. We also provide high levels of vitamin E in Revive. Vitamin E is know as an extremely effective antioxidant that directly supports immune function and helps reduce the risk of immune collapse in active dogs. Vitamin E is also very effective at removing waste from stressed tissue such as skeletal and organ ...
Our Liquid B-Complex includes the following nutritional supplements: Vitamin C, Vitamin B1, Vitamin B2, Niacin, Vitamin B6, Folacin, Vitamin B12, Biotin and Vitamin B5.. The B-Complex vitamins are active in providing the body with energy. These vitamins are vital in the metabolism of fats and protein. The B vitamins are necessary for the normal functioning of the nervous system and may be the single most important factor for health of the nerves. They are essential for maintenance of muscle tone in the gastrointestinal tract and for the health of skin, hair, mouth and liver.. Because of the water-solubility of the B-Complex vitamins, any excess is excreted and not stored by the body. Therefore, they must be replaced daily. Many have reported an almost instant ?pick up? of energy when taking our liquid B-Complex.. The most important thing to remember is that the B vitamins work together, and therefore should be taken together. They are interrelated in function. As long as you take the B-Complex ...
Vitamin String Quartet. Vitamin. 2005. 9082.{{cite AV media notes}}: CS1 maint: others in cite AV media (notes) (link) A ... Baby., the Vitamin String Quartet released The String Quartet Tribute to Gwen Stefani (2005) to pay tribute. Including covers ... "Vitamin String Quartet - The String Quartet Tribute to Gwen Stefani". AllMusic. Archived from the original on August 17, 2016. ...
It was released on August 12, 2008 by Vitamin Records. The label's website enthuses that the Scorched Earth Orchestra "expand ... "The Scorched Earth Orchestra Performs Slipknot". Vitamin Records. Archived from the original on 2008-11-20. Retrieved 2008-12- ...
"Vitamin B4". R&S Pharmchem. April 2011. Archived from the original on 2011-07-15. Carter AJ, O'Connor WT, Carter MJ, Ungerstedt ... It is found in adenosylcobalamin (an active form of vitamin B12) and as a radical in radical SAM enzymes. In individuals with ...
Claims that miso is high in vitamin B12 have been contradicted in some studies. Some experts suggest that miso is a source of ... "Vitamin B12". The Vegetarian Society. The Vegetarian Society of the United Kingdom Limited. Archived from the original on ... Miso is high in protein and rich in vitamins and minerals, and it played an important nutritional role in feudal Japan. Miso is ...
... as it is responsible for more bodily functions than any other vitamin. Vitamin B6 is a coenzyme in the metabolism of ... Vitamin B6 also plays a role in the synthesis of hormones, red blood cells, neurotransmitters and enzymes. A person who is ... "Vitamin B6 metabolism". Reference pathway. KEGG: Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes. Musayev FN, Di Salvo ML, Ko TP, ... This means that the enzymes which break these entities down for use in the body cannot function unless Vitamin B6 is present to ...
Philadelphia, Saunders, 1947 Tom Douglas Spies, Vitamins and vitamin deficiencies. Vitamin B12.. N.Y. 1949. FROSTIG, J. P., and ... Spies experimented with the use of folic acid and other vitamins in the treatment of tropical sprue, which was a deadly disease ... ARING, C. D., EVANS, J. P., and SPIES, T. D.: Some Clinical Neurologic Aspects of Vitamin B Deficiencies. Journal of the ... ARING, C. D., and SPIES, T. D.: A Critical Review: Vitamin B Deficiency and Nervous Disease. Journal of Neurological Psychiatry ...
Goodbye, Vitamin' Is Sweet - But Not Sugarcoated". NPR.org. Retrieved 2018-05-27. "Goodbye, Vitamin". Oprah.com. Retrieved 2018 ... Her first novel, Goodbye, Vitamin, received Best Book of the Year honors from NPR, O, The Oprah Magazine, the San Francisco ... Novels Goodbye, Vitamin (2017) ISBN 9781471159480, OCLC 1015212743 Short stories The Freshening (2018) Khong, Rachel. "'How My ... "SPINE-Rachel Khong on Writing Goodbye, Vitamin". SPINE. Retrieved 2019-11-15. "'Really Small Books Can Be Just as Ambitious as ...
"Water-soluble vitamin B" found in "protein-free milk" was also shown to be an essential nutrient. 1894: "The Proteids of the ... Osborne and Mendel showed, for example, that a lack of Vitamin A in the diet led to xerophthalmia. They also established the ... Osborne and Mendel discovered Vitamin A in 1913 in butter fat - independently discovered by Elmer McCollum and Marguerite Davis ... 1924: The Vegetable Proteins, second edition via Internet Archive Rosenfeld, Louis (April 1997). "Vitamine-vitamin. The early ...
... , also known as vitamin B2, is a water-soluble vitamin and is one of the B vitamins. Unlike folate and vitamin B6, ... Riboflavin, also known as vitamin B2, is a vitamin found in food and sold as a dietary supplement. It is essential to the ... FAD contributes to conversion of tryptophan to niacin (vitamin B3) and the conversion of vitamin B6 to the coenzyme pyridoxal 5 ... particularly of other water-soluble vitamins. A deficiency of riboflavin can be primary (i.e. caused by poor vitamin sources in ...
ISBN 978-0-323-08340-9. "Vitamin B4". R&S Pharmchem. April 2011. Archived from the original on 15 July 2011. Gottwalt B, ... "Caffeine intake increases the rate of bone loss in elderly women and interacts with vitamin D receptor genotypes". The American ...
The band's second album, Death Love and Buildings was released in 2007, the first to be put out under Vitamin Records. Joel ... The album was produced by Steven Schram (Clairy Browne and the Bangin Rackettes, San Cisco) and released on Vitamin Records. ... "The Bottom of the Lake". Vitamin Records. Nail, Jonny (4 April 2016). "First Listen: Tinpan Orange 'Love Is A Dog'". Rolling ... "Death, love & buildings", TinPan orange, AU: Vitamin, archived from the original on 11 October 2009. "Metro's tongue-in-cheek ...
"Vitamin E". Linus Pauling Institute. 2014-04-22. Retrieved 2022-02-12. "Vitamin B6". Linus Pauling Institute. 2014-04-22. ... Vitamin E, Vitamin B-6, and protein. In the northern region of Nigeria it is a popular drink known as Groundnut milk. George ... Researchers developed a vitamin and mineral fortified infant formula that used peanut milk as a source of protein, fat and food ...
They are also a good source of vitamin D, calcium, vitamin B12, and protein. Because they are low in the food chain, sardines ... Sardines are rich in vitamins and minerals. A small serving of sardines once a day can provide 13% of vitamin B2; roughly one- ... "Vitamin B12". George Mateljan Foundation. Archived from the original on 19 April 2012. Retrieved 11 April 2012. "Vitamin B12". ... quarter of niacin; and about 150% of the recommended daily value of vitamin B12. All B vitamins help to support proper nervous ...
"The String Quartet Tribute to Kanye West". Vitamin String Quartet. Vitamin Records. May 20, 2008. Archived from the original on ... Vitamin String Quartet composed a string-laden cover version of "Good Morning" for the opening song of their tribute album, The ...
... as well as water-soluble vitamin B in milk. They showed, for example, that a lack of Vitamin A in the diet led to xerophthalmia ... including the study of Vitamin A, Vitamin B, lysine and tryptophan. Mendel was born in Delhi, New York, son of Benedict Mendel ... As early as 1910 he found an important growth factor...later to be known as vitamin B. In 1903, at age 31, he was appointed ... They discovered Vitamin A in 1913 in butter fat - independently discovered by Elmer McCollum and Marguerite Davis, who ...
"Vitamin P3." Phaidon Press, 2017. ISBN 978-0-7148-7145-5 Willis, Mary-Angela. "Francophone Literature of the Middle East by ...
Bolchover, Joshua (2012). Vitamin Green. New York: Phaidon Press. ISBN 978-0714862293. Kingswell, Tamsin (2016). "Materials ...
"Carrie Underwood Vitamin Water". Vitamin Water. Retrieved September 2, 2012. "Carrie Underwood, singer". Celebrity Endorsement ... Underwood also hosts a guide to a healthy lifestyle on Vitamin Water's website. In 2010, Underwood became the spokesperson for ... That same year, Underwood became the spokesperson for Vitamin Water starring in television and magazine advertisements. ...
These first six albums were released in 1993 as a CD box-set called Vitamin Enhanced. The albums were later re-released as a ... "Vitamin Enhanced". Burningshed.com. Retrieved 20 June 2021. Colin Larkin, ed. (1992). The Guinness Who's Who of Indie and New ... Vitamin Enhanced (1993) Swirly Termination (2000) Eternal Wheel (The Best Of) (2004) Introducing (2013) Floating Seeds Remixed ...
... vitamin D; bedaquiline. These drugs are listed here either because they are not very effective (e.g., clarithromycin) or ...
"360° Bauhaus in Bavaria". Visual Vitamin. Retrieved 2021-05-04.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link) "Alexander Cvijanovic ...
"Angels We Have Heard on HIGH: Garden of Life gets behind Vitamin Angels to battle vitamin A deficiency, which causes childhood ... For example, each year 350,000 kids go blind due to lack of Vitamin A. Just one dollar can provide enough supplement capsules ... blindness and inhibits immune system function" (PDF). Vitamin Angels. "Official Website". Archived from the original on 2012-01 ...
d. Vitamin pills. e. Package of hardtack. f. Small sack of rice In Burma the Japanese used two types of emergency rations. One ... Often, soldiers would forage for fresh fruit to provide vitamins. Typically ¼ cup of canned tuna, or sausages, and/or squid ...
Vitamin D2 . Estradiol spray for regeneration of seromucinous glands and vascularization of mucosa. Systemic streptomycin (1g/ ... vitamins A or D, or iron[citation needed] Infection: Klebsiella ozaenae, diphtheroids, Proteus vulgaris, E. coli, etc. ...
Goldsmith, Sara (2012). Vitamin green. London New York, NY: Phaidon. ISBN 978-0-7148-6229-3. Simenc, Christian (1 June 2007). " ...
... released a self-titled album on 10 May 2010 on Vitamin Records. Lisa Moscatelli of the [AU] Review caught their ... Uncle Jed (10 May 2010) - Vitamin Records The Christmas Album (21 November 2017) - independent Luna Grand Patience Love (12 ... June 2015) Uncle Jed Acoustic Versions (11 November 2015) "Uncle Jed - Uncle Jed". Vitamin Records. Archived from the original ...
The supplementary drinks are instant coffee, powdered fruit juice or vitamin supply, tea bags and powdered milk . The rations ... a vitamin pill, and supplementary items. The canned main course is packed in a thin aluminium can rather like a large sardine ... 1 bar of vitamin enriched chocolate (vit. A, B, C, D and Calcium), 4 ounces (110 g) of boiled sweets, 2 packets of peppermint ... vitamins, a large pouch of drinking water, a pouch of Jumex fruit juice or Coca-Cola, biodegradable napkins and utensils and ...
Cobalamin (vitamin B12) is the largest and most structurally complex vitamin. It consists of a modified tetrapyrrole, a corrin ... Vitamins & Hormones. Vol. 61. pp. 267-297. doi:10.1016/s0083-6729(01)61009-4. ISBN 9780127098616. PMID 11153269. Fang, H; Kang ... "Vitamin B12". Micronutrient Information Center, Linus Pauling Institute, Oregon State University, Corvallis, OR. 4 June 2015. ... Cobalamin biosynthesis is the process by which bacteria and archea make cobalamin, vitamin B12. Many steps are involved in ...
"Vitamin String Quartet Makes Live Debut with 30 Seconds to Mars on MTV's Unplugged". Vitamin Records. July 18, 2011. Archived ... The Vitamin String Quartet musicians who took part in the recording included two violinists, a violist, a cellist and a ... The show featured a number of musicians from the Vitamin String Quartet and back-up vocalists from The Late Show's Gospel Choir ... The performance was accompanied by musicians from the Vitamin String Quartet, a gospel choir and included the contribution of ...
... of the RDA of vitamin B12. All B vitamins help to support proper nervous system function and are used for energy metabolism, or ... They are also a good source of vitamin D, calcium, and protein. Because they are low in the food chain, sardines are very low ... "Vitamin D and Your Bones". New York State Health Department. August 2015. Archived from the original on 2017-11-21. Retrieved ... "Vitamin B12". George Mateljan Foundation. Archived from the original on 2018-03-08. Retrieved 2012-04-11. "Are Sardines a Good ...
Learn about the importance of vitamin D supplementation for breastfed infants. ... Vitamin D deficiency rickets among breastfed infants is rare, but it can occur if an infant does not receive additional vitamin ... Why are infants at risk for vitamin D deficiency?. The risk for vitamin D deficiency is increased when there is limited ... Vitamin D is needed to support healthy bone development and to prevent rickets, a condition that causes weak or deformed bones ...
HIGH-DOSE mineral and vitamin supplements could be banned in France as a result of a review by the governments health advisers ... Even though the council says that the antioxidant Vitamin E is not very toxic, its daily limit was set at 40 milligrams. This ... The French limits could lead to a wider crackdown on the sale of high-dose vitamins and minerals. French officials say they ... HIGH-DOSE mineral and vitamin supplements could be banned in France as a result of a review by the governments health advisers ...
Vitamin K makes proteins for healthy bones and tissues. It also makes proteins for blood clotting. There are different types of ... You also need to be careful about taking vitamin E supplements. Vitamin E can interfere with how vitamin K works in your body. ... Vitamin K (Harvard School of Public Health) * Vitamin K deficiency bleeding of the newborn (Medical Encyclopedia) Also in ... Vitamins are substances that your body needs to grow and develop normally. Vitamin K helps your body by making proteins for ...
Vitamin E prescriptions decreased by 53% while vitamin C remained constant and vitamin D increased by 454%.[59] A report on ... Vitamin E is a group of eight fat soluble compounds that include four tocopherols and four tocotrienols.[1][2] Vitamin E ... Vitamin E may have various roles as a vitamin.[4] Many biological functions have been postulated, including a role as a fat- ... "Dietary Reference Intakes for Vitamin C, Vitamin E, Selenium, and Carotenoids. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. pp ...
... findings from these two trials suggest that vitamin D supplementation should be offered to COPD patients with lower vitamin D ... The vitamin was given in bolus doses of 3 mg (120,000 IU) six times over the course of a year. The study included 122 patients ... Vitamin D supplementation prevented moderate to severe exacerbations of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) in ... "Contrary to expectation, we did not find evidence that vitamin D3 prevented upper respiratory infections, either in the study ...
It is also known as antihemorrhagic factor, and is one of the four fat-soluble vitamins necessary for good health. The others ... Vitamin K Description Vitamin K originates from the German term koajulation. ... Vitamin K1, called phylloquinone, is the natural form of vitamin K. It is found in plants and is the main source of vitamin K ... Vitamin K1, called phylloquinone, is the natural form of vitamin K. It is found in plants and is the main source of vitamin K ...
More than 60,000 instances of vitamin toxicity are reported annually to US poison control centers. According to National Health ... Vitamin E and the risk of prostate cancer: the Selenium and Vitamin E Cancer Prevention Trial (SELECT). JAMA. 2011 Oct 12. 306( ... Vitamin E. An elevated international normalized ratio (INR) may result from excessive doses of warfarin anticoagulants. Vitamin ... encoded search term (Vitamin Toxicity) and Vitamin Toxicity What to Read Next on Medscape ...
Vitamins. The Merriam-Webster Collegiate Dictionary defines vitamin as:. vi.ta.min: any of various organic substances that ... Vitamins are smallish molecules (Vitamin B12 is the largest, with a molecular weight of 1,355) that your body needs to keep ... In How Sunburns and Sun Tans Work, we learn that the body can produce its own Vitamin D, but generally vitamins must be ... The following list shows diseases associated with the lack of different vitamins:. *Lack of Vitamin A: Night blindness, ...
What are the lessons that can be learned from the high rate of Vitamin D deficiency through out the world? What are the ... The Vitamin D Blood Test (25-OH Vitamin D): Who, How, When, and Where Clinically speaking, things began to change in the 1970s ... Ideally, the vitamin D blood test should be offered from the fall season through winter when vitamin D blood levels are at ... The Vitamin D Blood Test (25-OH Vitamin D): Who, How, When, and Where ...
Vitamin D (VIDRIA_D) Data File: VIDRIA_D.xpt First Published: June 2008. Last Revised: November 2010. Note: See Revised ... Development of a standard reference material for vitamin D in serum. Am J Clin Nutr 2008 August 1;88(2):511S-512S. ... The Diasorin (formerly Incstar) 25-OH- Vitamin D assay consists of a two-step procedure. The first procedure involves an ... differences over time are due to true changes in the vitamin D status of the US population. ...
Vitamin D - A Special Issue published by Hindawi ... Vitamin D Deficiency in Cystic Fibrosis. William B. Hall , Amy ... Vitamin D Receptor Activation Mitigates the Impact of Uremia on Endothelial Function in the 5/6 Nephrectomized Rats. J. Ruth Wu ... Vitamin D Deficiency-A Clinical Spectrum: Is There a Symptomatic Nonosteomalacic State?. Amar Kanekar , Manoj Sharma , V. R. ... Vitamin D Pathway Genes, Diet, and Risk of Renal Cell Carcinoma. S. Karami , P. Brennan , ... , L. E. Moore ...
Vitamin D has regulatory roles in immunity, insulin secretion, blood pressure and calcium metabolism, ... ... Vitamin D DeficiencyVitamin D is a vital substance for life. ... Vitamin D Deficiency. Vitamin D is a vital substance for life. ... Any foods that "dumb down" the liver could be a potential cause for low Vitamin D.. It is not enough to bring the Vitamin D ... The liver is the place where Vitamin D3 (from the skin, from natural food sources, or from foods fortified with Vitamin D) has ...
Joint FAO/WHO Expert Group on Requirements of Ascorbic Acid Vitamin D, Vitamin B12; World Health Organization; Food and ... Joint FAO/WHO Expert Group on Requirements of Ascorbic Acid Vitamin D, Vitamin B12; World Health Organization; Food and ... Joint FAO/WHO Expert Group on Requirements of Ascorbic Acid Vitamin D, Vitamin B12; World Health Organization; Food and ... Requirements of ascorbic acid, vitamin D, vitamin B12, folate, and iron : report of a Joint FAO/WHO expert group [‎meeting held ...
Serums & Essences Products Containing Ascorbyl Palmitate (Vitamin C Palmitate) Sort best to worst. Sort worst to best. Sort ...
... released a new video featuring some of the worlds leading vitamin D experts answering ... Vitamin D just happens to be the one we are most concerned about now because vitamin D deficiency is so common in the ... "The good news is that there are many benefits to sunlight besides making vitamin D. Vitamin D is made by a narrow band of the ... "Sunbeds of course can be used to make vitamin D. It has been one of the ways that we have measured the amount of vitamin D that ...
... are a brand new indie quartet from Leeds. Buzzing with happy vibes and widescreen electronics, their sound fizzes like ... Vitamin Vitamin are a brand new indie quartet from Leeds. Buzzing with happy vibes and widescreen electronics, their sound ... Leeds quartet Vitamin pack as much indie goodness into their four-minute electronic pop songs as is humanly possible.. Buzzing ...
Purchase Vitamin B12, Volume 119 - 1st Edition. Print Book & E-Book. ISBN 9780323992237, 9780323992244 ... Vitamin B12, Volume 119 in the Vitamins and Hormones series, highlights new advances in the field, with this new volume ... 3: Vitamin B12 and chronic kidney disease in clinical practice. *4: Vitamin B12 and chronic kidney disease: Evidence gaps and ... 1: Vitamin B12 and chronic kidney disease: An overview. *2: Vitamin B12 and the homocysteine metabolic pathway in chronic ...
Vitamin D deficiency is important especially in pregnant and breastfeeding mothers mainly because it is important for the ... Vitamin D is an essential nutrient. It can be obtained both from diet and directly from sunlight. ... Functions of vitamin D. Vitamin D helps in improving the absorption of calcium and phosphorous from food that occurs in the ... Vitamin D is an essential nutrient. It can be obtained both from diet and directly from sunlight. Vitamin D deficiency is ...
Vitamin D. Class Summary. Vitamin D is a fat-soluble vitamin used to prevent or treat vitamin D deficiency. ... Issues in establishing vitamin D recommendations for infants and children. Am J Clin Nutr. 2004 Dec. 80(6 Suppl):1759S-62S. [ ... Vitamin D is well stored in the body and is gradually released over many weeks. Because both calcitriol and calcidiol have ... VItamin D supplementation in infants, children, and adolescents. Am Fam Physician. 2010 Mar 15. 81(6):745-8. [QxMD MEDLINE Link ...
... low levels of vitamin D may put children at heightened risk of elevated blood pressure. ... Barriers to getting vitamin D. Vitamin D is essential, not only for cardiovascular health but also for the development and ... Vitamin subscription services not only deliver vitamins to your door but also help you keep track of what to take when. They ... Vitamin E is a fat-soluble vitamin that plays several roles in your body, including serving as an antioxidant and boosting ...
Like other B vitamins is essential for carbohydrate, protein and fat metabolism. Piridoxine is also pillar for the conversion ... Vitamin B6 serves as coenzyme in more than 100 enzymes catalysing biochemical reaction in the body. ... Vitamin B6 serves as coenzyme in more than 100 enzymes catalysing biochemical reaction in the body. Like other B vitamins is ... B group vitamins act as coenzymes on different metabolic pathways and, in many biochemical reactions multiple B-group vitamins ...
Can vitamin C really help fight off a cold? A. Vitamin C helps bolster the immune system, so taking some extra vitamin C if you ... Garden of Life Vitamin Code Raw Vitamin C. What you need to know: This extremely potent vitamin C supplement is ideal for those ... What to know before you buy a vitamin C supplement. Types of vitamin C. Vitamin C is available in several types. Ascorbic acid ... The best supplement, Garden of Life Vitamin Code Raw Vitamin C, provides a high amount of vitamin C per dose without any ...
Although classically caused by pernicious anaemia, this condition now accounts for a minority of cases and vitamin B12 ... Vitamin B12 deficiency is a common condition which can present with non-specific clinical features, and in severe cases with ... Vitamin B12 deficiency - A 21st century perspective Clin Med (Lond). 2015 Apr;15(2):145-50. doi: 10.7861/clinmedicine.15-2-145 ... Vitamin B12 deficiency is a common condition which can present with non-specific clinical features, and in severe cases with ...
WebMD tells you about symptoms of a vitamin B12 deficiency and how it can be treated. ... Vitamin B12 is essential for good health, but some people may not be getting enough. ... Food Sources of Vitamin B12. You can get vitamin B12 in animal foods, which have it naturally, or from items that have been ... Symptoms of Vitamin B12 Deficiency. If you have vitamin B12 deficiency, you could become anemic. A mild deficiency may cause no ...
Diabetic patients can reduce their risk of heart attacks and heart disease by taking vitamin E supplements. , Health ... Diabetic patients can reduce their risk of heart attacks and heart disease by taking vitamin E supplements.. HT Image. Follow ... Vitamin E would represent an inexpensive and safe way to reduce the risk of cardiovascular death and heart attack in a ... But when these at-risk patients, who have the 2-2 form of haptoglobin, take 400 international units of vitamin E daily, they ...
Learn to prevent and treat a vitamin E deficiency here. ... Vitamin E is essential, and it is stored in the liver before ... Low levels of vitamin E can lead to:. *. Muscle weakness. : Vitamin E is essential to the central nervous system. It is among ... Vitamin E in the diet. It is highly unlikely that a person has low levels of vitamin E unless they have an underlying chronic ... Vitamin E is a fat-soluble nutrient that acts as an antioxidant. Learn more about the benefits of vitamin E and where to find ...
... the first B vitamin by Earl Mindell in Vitamin Bible (Warner Books, 1979) because of the support it gives to the ... Vitamin B1 (Thiamine or thiamin), the first B vitamin by Earl Mindell in Vitamin Bible (Warner Books, 1979) because of the ... Of the fruits, avocado is the highest in vitamin B1. Pork has a high amount of this B vitamin. Many dried fruits contain some ... Uses: Vitamin B1 is, of course, used to treat any of the symptoms of its deficiency or its. deficiency disease beriberi ( ...
PRNewswire/ -- Good health and wellness are in store for you at Vitamin World®, now open at Ontario Mills, Ontario, California ... About Vitamin World®. The first Vitamin World® store opened its doors in 1976. Headquartered in Long Island, NY, Vitamin World ... Vitamin World® is the source for all your wellness and nutritional needs to help you maintain a healthy lifestyle. At this new ... At Vitamin World®, we strive to provide the highest quality and best service for your overall wellness needs." - Vicki McGuire ...
  • Once a child has started eating solid foods, parents can make sure their child is getting enough vitamin D from foods or supplements. (cdc.gov)
  • You also need to be careful about taking vitamin E supplements. (medlineplus.gov)
  • HIGH-DOSE mineral and vitamin supplements could be banned in France as a result of a review by the government's health advisers. (newscientist.com)
  • The French limit reflects the recent findings of a Finnish study which found a higher incidence of strokes among people taking vitamin E supplements of 50 milligrams per day. (newscientist.com)
  • It also appears to have some effectiveness in preventing osteoporosis, but some studies done involved patients using a high dietary intake of the vitamin rather than supplements. (encyclopedia.com)
  • This test reflected the total amount of vitamin D in the body that was coming from all sources (diet, dietary supplements, and the sun), which makes this test extremely important in the field of nutrition. (medscape.com)
  • It is not enough to bring the Vitamin D blood levels up using supplements. (selfgrowth.com)
  • Among pregnant women sufficient levels include those over 75 nanomoles/Litre (nmol/L). Those women who are deficient of Vitamin D during pregnancy need sun exposure and are given supplements of Vitamin D (oral 1000 international units vitamin D3). (news-medical.net)
  • According to the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists , most experts agree that it's safe for pregnant women with vitamin D deficiency to take 1,000 to 2,000 international units (IU) of vitamin D supplements per day. (healthline.com)
  • As with any supplements, consult your doctor before adding vitamin C to your diet. (nwahomepage.com)
  • Vitamin C supplements come in dosages usually ranging from 25 to 1,500 milligrams. (nwahomepage.com)
  • The study, which also did not find any increased lung cancer risk from the supplements, is one of the most detailed, prospective observational studies to look at the effect of vitamin supplements instead of vitamins from foods on lung cancer risk. (eurekalert.org)
  • In 1996, a large study known as the CARET study which was looking into the effects of the dietary supplements beta-carotene and retinol (vitamin A), was halted after the supplements were found to increase lung cancer risk, particularly among smokers. (eurekalert.org)
  • In February, the Journal of the American Medical Association published an overview of studies that found that supplements of beta-carotene, vitamin E, or vitamin A slightly increases a person's risk of death. (eurekalert.org)
  • Since your body doesn't make vitamin B12, you have to get it from animal-based foods or from supplements. (webmd.com)
  • Learn more about the different types of vitamin b supplements. (webmd.com)
  • Diabetic patients can reduce their risk of heart attacks and heart disease by taking vitamin E supplements. (hindustantimes.com)
  • A new study, published in the November issue of the journal "Diabetes Care" has indicated that about 40 per cent of diabetic patients can reduce their risk of heart attacks and of dying from heart disease by taking vitamin E supplements. (hindustantimes.com)
  • When they took the same vitamin E supplements, they did not show any significant reduction of cardiovascular risk resulting from vitamin E therapy. (hindustantimes.com)
  • For more in-depth resources about vitamins, minerals, and supplements, visit our dedicated hub . (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • Headquartered in Long Island , NY, Vitamin World® manufactures over 700 superior-quality vitamins, minerals, herbs, and other nutritional supplements in our own state-of-the-art facilities. (prnewswire.com)
  • Very few other vitamins and supplements, or even medications, are effective in microgram quantities. (vitamindcouncil.org)
  • How long till my Vitamin D supplements make me feel better? (drugs.com)
  • i've been taking vitamin D supplements, vit C calcium daily plus 15 min sunshine exposure. (drugs.com)
  • No matter how many pills you pop, you won't get all your nutrient needs from the vitamin aisle (they're called supplements for a reason). (menshealth.com)
  • Vitamin D supplements often come in combination with calcium. (healthlinkbc.ca)
  • Babies that are given formula that lacks Vitamin B1 supplements can also be affected. (pioneerthinking.com)
  • Vitamin B12 supplements are also a good option, as are B12 injections and oral B12 tables, which are usually prescribed for B12 neuropathy recovery. (home-remedies-for-you.com)
  • People who have trouble absorbing fat and, therefore, vitamin K, along with those on long-term antibiotic therapy, may need to take vitamin K supplements. (howstuffworks.com)
  • Occasionally women who have heavy menstrual periods get relief from supplementing their diet with vitamin K. Even if their blood levels of this vitamin are in the normal range, supplements reduce the excessive bleeding in some women. (howstuffworks.com)
  • The easiest and most efficient way to get vitamin D is through sunlight, but if you aren't getting enough through diet and sunlight, you can take supplements of vitamin D3 to increase your levels. (wikihow.com)
  • Vitamin D3 is not, however, because these supplements are derived from the fat from lamb's wool. (wikihow.com)
  • ST. PETERSBURG, Fla. , Jan. 25, 2023 /PRNewswire/ -- During the final quarter of 2022, even as the U.S. grappled with a "tripledemic" of flu, RSV and COVID-19, unit sales of vitamins and health supplements declined over the prior year while average unit prices rose, according to shopper intelligence leader Catalina . (fox59.com)
  • An ounce of prevention--often associated with vitamins and immune supplements--was not worth a pound of cure. (fox59.com)
  • an ounce of prevention--often associated with vitamins and immune supplements--was not worth a pound of cure," said Sean Murphy , Chief Data & Analytics Officer at Catalina, referring to unit sales of Immune Supplements declining 11% while average dollar sales in the category fell 4% vs. the prior year. (fox59.com)
  • An essential part of any skincare regime, support skin from the inside out with daily a vitamin Intake containing a mix of 6 supplements designed to support optimum health and great skin. (groominglounge.com)
  • Under doctor's supervision, you can also take vitamin D supplements, however, we must remember that vitamin D is a fat-soluble vitamin, and any excess stored in the body can be toxic. (indianexpress.com)
  • Consider total vitamin K intake (food + supplements) if you are taking blood-thinning medication. (blueskyvitamin.com)
  • Vitamins and supplements ensure that your pet is getting the nutrients it needs to thrive, especially when ill, breeding, or pregnant. (exoticnutrition.com)
  • Our vitamins and supplements are made with care from the highest quality ingredients. (puritan.com)
  • Getting enough vitamin C is vitally important for overall health but the human body can't make it, so you have to get vitamin C through diet or supplements. (lifeextension.com)
  • When we are replacing these vitamins and nutrients on a daily basis through whole foods and supplements then the body will function optimally. (sangsters.com)
  • Daily intake of vitamins through food or supplements, may help protect your oral health. (drjacquiesmiles.com)
  • In 1986, the NHIS included questions about the use of vitamin and mineral supplements in the diets of American adults and young children. (cdc.gov)
  • Vitamin A supplements : a guide to their use in the treatment of vitamin A deficiency and xerophthalmia / prepared by a WHO/UNICEF/IVACG task force. (who.int)
  • In addition, although the use of antioxidant vitamin and mineral supplements has been shown to reduce progression of intermediate to acute stage AMD, it has not yet been shown to reduce the progression of early AMD to intermediate AMD. (medscape.com)
  • However, some of these men and women were not given the chance to maintain their bone mineral density through lifestyle changes (such as weight lifting) and supplement intake of calcium and vitamin D before being offered the prescription medication. (medscape.com)
  • Vitamin D has regulatory roles in immunity, insulin secretion, blood pressure and calcium metabolism, which is vital for normal functioning of the nervous system, as well as for bone growth and maintenance of bone density. (selfgrowth.com)
  • Vitamin D helps in improving the absorption of calcium and phosphorous from food that occurs in the small intestine or gut. (news-medical.net)
  • The blood levels of calcium that are important for bone growth and repair are regulated and balanced by Vitamin D levels. (news-medical.net)
  • Children and infants are more susceptible to deficiency of Vitamin D due to their increased demand for calcium and minerals allowing for rapid growth of bones. (news-medical.net)
  • Rickets due to severe vitamin D and calcium deficiency during the COVID-19 pandemic in Malaysia. (medscape.com)
  • Institute of Medicine (US) Committee to Review Dietary Reference Intakes for Vitamin D and Calcium. (medscape.com)
  • Sun exposure is our primary source of vitamin D, a nutrient that helps the body make use of calcium and phosphorous. (yogajournal.com)
  • As the body grows sluggish in synthesizing enough of the vitamin, we subsequently absorb less calcium as well. (yogajournal.com)
  • Vitamin D is vital for calcium absorption in bones and to improve muscle strength. (healthlinkbc.ca)
  • It not only assists blood with clotting, Vitamin K also helps build bone strength by helping to make a protein called osteocalcin that binds calcium, which indicates that vitamin K may play a role in preventing osteoporosis. (howstuffworks.com)
  • Vitamin K plays a very important function in the body -- helping blood to clot and assisting calcium retention, which helps prevent osteoporosis. (howstuffworks.com)
  • Because of vitamin K's ability to help produce osteocalcin, it helps the bones to hold onto calcium, possibly preventing osteoporosis. (howstuffworks.com)
  • It can also be viewed as a hormone since it can be formed in skin by action of ultraviolet rays upon the precursors, 7-dehydrocholesterol and ergosterol, and acts on vitamin D receptors to regulate calcium in opposition to parathyroid hormone. (citizendium.org)
  • Vitamin D is essential for regulating calcium and phosphate in your body. (indianexpress.com)
  • And when their vitamin D intake was reduced, the calcium levels quickly returned to normal. (secondopinionnewsletter.com)
  • And once you get to that level, check your blood calcium just to make sure that you aren't that exceedingly rare person whose levels go up from taking the vitamin. (secondopinionnewsletter.com)
  • T]he blood 25-hydroxyvitamin D level needed to optimally reduce diabetes risk may be near and possibly above the range of 125 to 150 nmol/L (50 to 60 ng/mL) that the 2011 Institute of Medicine Committee to Review Dietary Reference Intakes for Calcium and Vitamin D provided as the range corresponding to the tolerable upper intake level (UL) of 4000 IU/d for vitamin D," the authors said. (medscape.com)
  • id":123005468697,"title":"Celebrate Vitamins - Calcium Citrate - Soft Chews - Watermelon - 500mg - 90 Chews","handle":"celebrate-calcium-citrate-soft-chews-watermelon-500mg-90-chews","description":"\u003cp\u003eYou will be amazed at the great taste of these Celebrate Vitamins SUGAR FREE calcium citrate soft chews! (nashuanutrition.com)
  • Each chew providing 500 mg of calcium citrate and 500 IU of vitamin D3, you won't ask how many you have to take, you will be asking how many do I GET to take? (nashuanutrition.com)
  • You will be amazed at the great taste of these Celebrate Vitamins SUGAR FREE calcium citrate soft chews! (nashuanutrition.com)
  • This vitamin is highly important because it boosts mineral density and assists in absorbing and depositing calcium in the bones that are responsible for supporting your teeth. (drjacquiesmiles.com)
  • The easiest way to ensure you include phosphorus, calcium, potassium, and vitamin A and D into your diet is through food. (drjacquiesmiles.com)
  • Most people in the United States need to adjust their eating patterns to increase their intake of dietary fiber, calcium, vitamin D, and potassium, according to the Dietary Guidelines for Americans, 2020-2025 [PDF-30.6MB] . (cdc.gov)
  • Calcium and vitamin D work together to promote optimal bone health. (cdc.gov)
  • See food sources of calcium and vitamin D . (cdc.gov)
  • Look for foods that are fortified with calcium and vitamin D. Soy beverages, soy yogurt, orange juice, and some whole-grain cereals may have these added nutrients. (cdc.gov)
  • Standard treatment is activated vitamin D analogues and calcium supplementation and not repla. (bvsalud.org)
  • The 77,738 men and women in the VITamins And Lifestyle (VITAL) study, ages 50-76, filled out an extensive questionnaire on vitamin intake over the previous 10 years, including how much of each supplement they took. (eurekalert.org)
  • A determination as to the most beneficial daily intake of Vitamin B1 has yet to be made. (pioneerthinking.com)
  • B vitamins are used up under stress, with intake of alcohol, coffee or tea, and with medication like antibiotics or birth control pills," Caven adds. (huffpost.com)
  • Besides, people who don't eat dairy or meat, pregnant women and the elderly should also be aware of their vitamin B intake. (huffpost.com)
  • The analysis included information on dietary, supplemental, and total intake of folate, vitamin B6, and vitamin B12 over the course of about 30 years, until 2012 (see Infographic). (medscape.com)
  • In an attempt to overcome risk for reverse causality, researchers examined vitamin B12 intake during four lagged exposure periods: 8, 12, 16, and 20 years. (medscape.com)
  • Overall, the results support a possible protective effect of early intake of vitamin B12 on the development of PD. (medscape.com)
  • There is no credible scientific literature suggesting that vitamin D intake increases the risk for kidney stones. (secondopinionnewsletter.com)
  • Similarly, data are weak regarding the association between vitamin D intake and cardiovascular calcifications. (secondopinionnewsletter.com)
  • The evidence is clear that vitamin D toxicity is one of the rarest medical conditions and is typically due to intentional or inadvertent intake of extremely high doses of vitamin D, usually in the range of more than 50,000-100,000 units a day for months to years. (secondopinionnewsletter.com)
  • So if your doctor ever gets excited over your vitamin D intake, be sure to help him out and give him these references so he can sleep better. (secondopinionnewsletter.com)
  • Primarily, increased vitamin K2 intake plays a beneficial role in our cardiovascular system, helping to decrease the chances of dying from heart disease. (unlike.net)
  • The purpose of this investigation was to examine the association between dietary intake of vitamin A in the form of retinol and provitamin A carotenoids and the prevalence of bronchial squamous metaplasia in a sample of asbestos workers from an industrial clinic. (cdc.gov)
  • Results indicated that workers with metaplasia reported consuming a significantly lower intake of total vitamin A [2000 retinol equivalents (RE)/d] than did subjects without metaplasia (2710 RE/d, P = 0.02). (cdc.gov)
  • The French limits could lead to a wider crackdown on the sale of high-dose vitamins and minerals. (newscientist.com)
  • He says that people believe every small study extolling the ability of vitamins and minerals to prevent diseases such as cancer. (newscientist.com)
  • Pascal says the French generally consume a satisfactory amount of vitamins and minerals in their diet. (newscientist.com)
  • Take note of the amount of the other minerals you're getting in a mineral ascorbate vitamin C supplement to make sure you don't exceed recommended daily values. (nwahomepage.com)
  • That's why you should get acquainted with some of the best foods in the supermarket that provide vitamins and minerals in abundance. (menshealth.com)
  • Your body requires a wide variety of vitamins and minerals every day. (livestrong.com)
  • Platinum daily wellness formulas provide these bio-available nutrients along with all the vitamins and trace minerals your senior dog needs. (platinumperformance.com)
  • A comprehensive wellness supplement such as Platinum Performance® Canine that provides omega-3 fatty acids, antioxidants, vitamins and minerals can be very beneficial to make sure dogs receive all the essential nutrients they require to stay healthy as they age. (platinumperformance.com)
  • Omega-3 fatty acids, antioxidants, vitamins and minerals provided in Platinum Performance® Canine CJ complement any canine diet and work synergistically to supply aging cells with the support needed to repair, maintain and thrive. (platinumperformance.com)
  • macronutrients (proteins, fats, carbohydrates) and micronutrients (vitamins and minerals). (sangsters.com)
  • The amount of vitamins and minerals required by the body is far smaller than that of any of the macronutrients but a deficiency in even one of these nutrients can cause problems for the whole body. (sangsters.com)
  • Our body uses vitamins and minerals to digest and absorb food so that it can get the nutrients it requires to run, play and work. (sangsters.com)
  • 5 Best Vitamins and Minerals for TeethDr. (drjacquiesmiles.com)
  • There are a variety of vitamins and minerals that contribute to the health of your teeth and gums. (drjacquiesmiles.com)
  • Dr. Jacquie Smiles, a leading orthodontist in NYC, has made a list of 5 essential vitamins and minerals your mouth needs the most. (drjacquiesmiles.com)
  • You might be eating a healthy diet to lose weight or maintain high blood pressure and other ailments but your teeth need vitamins and minerals too. (drjacquiesmiles.com)
  • Adding the vegetables and fruit mentioned above will naturally put the minerals and vitamins you need for healthy teeth into your body. (drjacquiesmiles.com)
  • Vitamins and minerals: efficacy and safety. (medscape.com)
  • Retrieved on December 02, 2022 from https://www.news-medical.net/health/Breastfeeding-and-Vitamin-D.aspx. (news-medical.net)
  • To help you on your hunt , the Forbes Health editorial team consulted with OB-GYNS on the Forbes Health Advisory Board, who gave their top picks and explanations behind them for the best prenatal vitamins of 2022. (forbes.com)
  • In a separate study from earlier in 2022, an ultrahigh-dose of methylcobalamin, an active form of vitamin B12 analogue, was found to slow functional decline by 43% in patients with early-stage amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). (medscape.com)
  • Rapid Rx Quiz: Vitamin B12 - Medscape - Oct 31, 2022. (medscape.com)
  • Mothers with a Vitamin D deficiency during pregnancy are likely to continue to be deficient of this vitamin while breastfeeding. (news-medical.net)
  • You can change your diet to include vitamin B12-fortified grains, a supplement or B12 injections, or a high-dose oral vitamin B12 if you are deficient. (webmd.com)
  • It is sometimes referred to as the active form of vitamin D. Calcitriol levels should never be used to determine if you are deficient in vitamin D. (vitamindcouncil.org)
  • About half the U.S. population has deficient levels of vitamin D, and rates of vitamin D deficiency are even higher in people with darker skin, those living in higher latitudes in the winter, nursing home residents and people with reduced sun exposure. (mercola.com)
  • In response to these findings, physicians might consider regularly prescribing vitamin D3 to patients with deficient levels to protect them against COVID-19 infection and related mortality. (mercola.com)
  • Remember that those that are deficient in Vitamin D3 are more likely to need higher doses to build levels up. (wikihow.com)
  • While the mean values of all the haematological indices were slightly lower in the vitamin A deficient group, this was not significant. (who.int)
  • During February-September 2013, four confirmed cases of late vitamin K deficient bleeding were diagnosed at a children's hospital in Nashville, Tennessee. (cdc.gov)
  • July 7, 2008 (Boston, Massachusetts) - New research showing that vitamin D deficiency is common in patients with chronic migraine suggests that this patient group, like other vitamin D-deficient populations, is at increased risk for cardiovascular disease, malignancy, and other serious illnesses that have been linked to low levels of this "good-health" vitamin. (medscape.com)
  • Investigators presented the results of an observational study here at the 50th Annual Meeting of the American Headache Society, which showed that 41.8% of patients with chronic migraine were deficient in 25-hydroxyvitamin D. The study also showed that the longer individuals had chronic migraine, the more likely they were to be vitamin D deficient. (medscape.com)
  • The first person I tested was myself, and I found I was severely vitamin D deficient (with a 25-hydroxyvitamin D level of 8.2 ng/mL). (medscape.com)
  • According to the study, there was a trend toward hypertension (26.1% vs 18.8%) and type 2 diabetes (13% vs 3.1%) in vitamin D-deficient patients. (medscape.com)
  • The researchers also found a trend toward earlier onset of headache (14.3 vs 18 years) and migraine (16.7 vs 22.2 years) in vitamin D-deficient patients. (medscape.com)
  • Enhanced oxidative stress in the skin of vitamin E deficient mice exposed to semisynthetic metal working fluids. (cdc.gov)
  • Mice were given vitamin E deficient (5-10 i.v./kg of vitamin E) or basal (50 i.v./kg of vitamin E) diets for 34 weeks. (cdc.gov)
  • Histology of the skin after 16 weeks of exposure to MWFs revealed a 53% increase in mast cell accumulation in vitamin E deficient diets compared to mice given a vitamin E sufficient diet. (cdc.gov)
  • To avoid developing a vitamin D deficiency, the Dietary Guidelines for Americans and American Academy of Pediatrics recommend breastfed and partially breastfed infants be supplemented with 400 IU per day of vitamin D beginning in the first few days of life. (cdc.gov)
  • [6] Population studies suggested that people who consumed foods with more vitamin E, or who chose on their own to consume a vitamin E dietary supplement, had lower incidence of cardiovascular diseases , cancer , dementia , and other diseases, but placebo -controlled clinical trials could not always replicate these findings. (wikipedia.org)
  • Dietary Supplement Fact Sheet: Vitamin A. National Institutes of Health. (medscape.com)
  • Dietary Supplement Fact Sheet: Vitamin B6. (medscape.com)
  • Vitamin B12 is one of the dietary requirements necessary in the treatment of coronavirus patients. (researchgate.net)
  • If the cause is due to imbalanced diet, intravenous injections of vitamin B12 along with dietary changes are often prescribed by the physicians to treat the problem. (home-remedies-for-you.com)
  • The new vitamin C products offer other benefits such as beauty-from-within and acting as a source of dietary fibre, on top of providing vitamin C. (beveragedaily.com)
  • The observed effects of preformed vitamin A on cell and organ culture, on animal models, in dietary observational epidemiological studies, and in human intervention studies are reviewed. (who.int)
  • Oxidative stress in the skin of B6C3F1 mice was generated by dietary vitamin E deprivation. (cdc.gov)
  • Dietary vitamin A and prevalence of bronchial metaplasia in asbestos -exposed workers. (cdc.gov)
  • Vitamin D deficiency rickets among breastfed infants is rare, but it can occur if an infant does not receive additional vitamin D from foods, a vitamin D supplement, or adequate exposure to sunlight. (cdc.gov)
  • The most common use of vitamin K is to supplement babies at birth, thus preventing hemorrhagic disease of the newborn. (encyclopedia.com)
  • If the liver is bogged down by toxins, and the panchabhutagnis (flames of the liver) are not firing properly, the supplement of Vitamin D3 will not get transformed into active Vitamin D. (selfgrowth.com)
  • If you're not getting enough vitamin C from fruits such as oranges and strawberries or vegetables like broccoli and peppers, introducing a vitamin C supplement into your diet can provide health benefits year-round. (nwahomepage.com)
  • The best supplement, Garden of Life Vitamin Code Raw Vitamin C , provides a high amount of vitamin C per dose without any fillers or additives. (nwahomepage.com)
  • You might assume a vitamin C supplement contains nothing but some form of vitamin C, but many formulas include added ingredients. (nwahomepage.com)
  • Older adults who have a vitamin B12 deficiency will likely have to take a daily B12 supplement or a multivitamin that contains B12. (webmd.com)
  • In order to get enough vitamin D, most Canadians need to eat foods that have the vitamin and also take a vitamin D supplement. (healthlinkbc.ca)
  • You can also get vitamin D naturally in food or take it as a supplement. (wikihow.com)
  • Although your body needs a certain amount of vitamin D each day, you should take more than that as a supplement. (wikihow.com)
  • This is because your body will not absorb all of the vitamin D from the supplement each time you take it, so you should have a dose larger than the amount you need each day. (wikihow.com)
  • Unadjusted suicide attempt/intentional self-harm rates were 0.27% for those taking vitamin D2 vs 0.52% for those not taking the supplement. (medscape.com)
  • Vitamin C and Bio-Quercetin Phytosome is a high-potency vitamin C supplement with an ultra-absorbable form of quercetin, encased in a plant-derived phytosome delivery system. (lifeextension.com)
  • This supplement delivers 1,000 mg of vitamin C, plus 15 mg of an ultra-absorbable quercetin, which complements vitamin C's activity in supporting whole-body health. (lifeextension.com)
  • Vitamin A deficiency status and monitoring of Vitamin A indicators such as supplement distribution with routine services and integration with campaigns, are derived from official country reporting to the World Health Organization (WHO). (who.int)
  • Vitamin/Mineral Supplement Public Use Tape contains data from these questions as well as socio-demographic and health items obtained about the sample person from the NHIS core questionnaire. (cdc.gov)
  • To understand vitamin D pharmocology one needs to be familiar with the different forms of vitamin D, namely cholecalciferol, calcidiol, and calcitriol. (vitamindcouncil.org)
  • Cholecalciferol is the naturally occurring form of vitamin D. It is the substance made in large quantities in your skin when sunlight strikes your bare skin. (vitamindcouncil.org)
  • Cholecalciferol is the naturally occurring form of vitamin D. Whenever I use the term "vitamin D," I am referring to vitamin D3 cholecalciferol. (vitamindcouncil.org)
  • In fact, cholecalciferol is the only vitamin D-all its other forms are different molecules. (vitamindcouncil.org)
  • Current studies indicate one needs about 4,000 units of cholecalciferol a day to meet the body's need for vitamin D. 4,000 units of cholecalciferol is equal to 100 micrograms, or 0.1 milligrams. (vitamindcouncil.org)
  • Cholecalciferol (vitamin D 3 ) is formed in the skin of animals from 7-dehydrocholesterol by sunlight. (citizendium.org)
  • Vitamin D3, also known as cholecalciferol, is generally considered a better form because it is the form your body produces when it is exposed to sunlight. (wikihow.com)
  • K2-D3 5000 features the most bioavailable and bioactive form of supplemental vitamin K2 available and vitamin D3 (cholecalciferol), the identical form in which vitamin D is derived in the body from cholesterol and synthesized by sunlight on the skin. (blueskyvitamin.com)
  • A retrospective cohort study reviewed records for 1.3 million veterans and found 490,885 veterans who received vitamin D3 (cholecalciferol) and 169,241 who received vitamin D2 (ergocalciferol). (medscape.com)
  • Vitamin D3 (Cholecalciferol) 2.5 mcg or 100 iu, Thyme essential Oil (Thymus vulgaris, herb flowering) 0.006 ml, Oregano Oil (Origanum vulgare leaf) 2.2856 mcl. (goodnessme.ca)
  • Even though the council says that the antioxidant Vitamin E is not very toxic, its daily limit was set at 40 milligrams. (newscientist.com)
  • [4] Vitamin E is a fat-soluble antioxidant which may help protect cell membranes from reactive oxygen species . (wikipedia.org)
  • Safety of antioxidant vitamins and beta-carotene. (medscape.com)
  • Besides inducing nostalgia for 5th grade lunches, concord grape juice is chockfull of the immune boosting Vitamin C and the antioxidant polyphenol that helps promote blood flow to vital arteries. (menshealth.com)
  • An antioxidant involved in over three hundred metabolic functions in the body, vitamin C has a long list of benefits. (naturesplus.com)
  • Superox C™ - A specialty derived blend of Kakadu Plum known as one of the world's richest sources of Vitamin C, Superox C is a potent antioxidant and contains micronutrient benefits that help to protect against environmental damage. (tanforless.com)
  • Randomised controlled trial of vitamin E in patients with coronary disease: Cambridge Heart Antioxidant Study (CHAOS). (medscape.com)
  • Total antioxidant reserve in skin of vitamin E deprived mice treated with MWFs was decreased by 66% as compared to those mice given a vitamin E sufficient diet. (cdc.gov)
  • Do infants get enough vitamin D from breast milk? (cdc.gov)
  • If you don't have enough vitamin K, you may bleed too much. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Do you get enough vitamin B12? (webmd.com)
  • You should talk to your doctor before you have your baby, so that you have a plan in place for how you'll get enough vitamin B12 to keep your baby healthy. (webmd.com)
  • Without enough vitamin B12, your baby could have developmental delays and not thrive and grow like they should. (webmd.com)
  • Not getting enough vitamin D in childhood can slow growth or cause misshapen bones (rickets), and not getting enough vitamin D throughout life increases the risk for bone thinning (osteoporosis) in later years. (healthlinkbc.ca)
  • In the meantime be sure to take enough vitamin D to get your blood levels between 50-70 ng/ml. (secondopinionnewsletter.com)
  • Our bodies can make vitamin D from sunshine, but some individuals may have difficulty producing enough vitamin D, and too much sun exposure can increase the risk of skin cancer. (cdc.gov)
  • Breast milk alone does not provide infants with an adequate amount of vitamin D. Shortly after birth, most infants will need an additional source of vitamin D. (cdc.gov)
  • The risk for vitamin D deficiency is increased when there is limited exposure to sunlight or when an infant is not consuming an adequate amount of vitamin D. Although reducing sun exposure is important for preventing cancer, it also decreases the amount of vitamin D that a person can make from sunlight. (cdc.gov)
  • Sunbeds of course can be used to make vitamin D. It has been one of the ways that we have measured the amount of vitamin D that the skin has the capacity to make," stated Dr. Reinhold Vieth, a professor at the University of Toronto in the Department of Laboratory Medicine and Pathobiology. (prweb.com)
  • This condition can greatly increase the amount of vitamin B12 in the patient's system, MayoClinic.com explains. (livestrong.com)
  • An abnormally high or low amount of vitamin B12 can indicate a potential disorder. (livestrong.com)
  • Since it is present in very few foods, people are mainly dependent on sunlight exposure to get adequate vitamin D. Dark-skinned people, including Indians, need longer time in sunlight to make the same amount of vitamin D than light-skinned people, mentions Dr Jha. (indianexpress.com)
  • ATS 2007, SAN FRANCISCO-A study of more than 75,000 adults found that taking supplemental multivitamins, vitamin C and E and folate do not decrease the risk of lung cancer. (eurekalert.org)
  • Vitamin D is needed to support healthy bone development and to prevent rickets, a condition that causes weak or deformed bones. (cdc.gov)
  • Due to an increase in the rate of vitamin D deficiency in recent years The American Academy of Pediatrics recommends that all breastfeeding newborns must receive a supplemental daily dose of vitamin D 400 IU/d in order to prevent rickets. (news-medical.net)
  • Shah BR, Finberg L. Single-day therapy for nutritional vitamin D-deficiency rickets: a preferred method. (medscape.com)
  • Daily versus weekly oral vitamin D3 therapy for nutritional rickets in Indian children: A randomized controlled open-label trial. (medscape.com)
  • Vitamin D is a steroid and a vitamin that "includes both cholecalciferols and ergocalciferols, which have the common effect of preventing or curing rickets in animals. (citizendium.org)
  • Vitamin D deficiency has been associated with childhood rickets - a bone disorder - for over a hundred years. (wnd.com)
  • IMSEAR at SEARO: Vitamin D and rickets. (who.int)
  • Why are infants at risk for vitamin D deficiency? (cdc.gov)
  • The Required Daily Amount (RDA) of vitamin K is 5 micrograms (mcg) for infants less than six months old, 10 mcg for babies six months to one year old, 15 mcg for children aged one to three years, 20 mcg for those aged four to six years, and 30 mcg for those seven to ten years old. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Vitamin D deficiency is important especially in pregnant and breastfeeding mothers mainly because it is important for the growth and development of infants and growing children. (news-medical.net)
  • VItamin D supplementation in infants, children, and adolescents. (medscape.com)
  • Issues in establishing vitamin D recommendations for infants and children. (medscape.com)
  • Eating foods fortified in vitamin D or giving infants vitamin D supplementation in certain cases can also help their health. (healthline.com)
  • The American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) reports that infants up to the age of 12 months require 400 IU of vitamin D per day. (healthline.com)
  • Premature infants are at particular risk because an immature digestive tract can interfere with fat and vitamin E absorption. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • Vitamin E deficiencies in these infants can also lead to hemolytic anemia , which destroys red blood cells. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • Despite great collaborative efforts of many whose infants had died during the first year governmental and nongovernmental agen- of life as compared with mothers whose cies, vitamin A deficiency (VAD) is still one infants had survived [ 12 ]. (who.int)
  • Vitamin K deficiency bleeding (VKDB) is a coagulopathy that develops in infants who do not have sufficient vitamin K stores to support production of clotting factors. (cdc.gov)
  • The relative risk for developing late VKDB has been estimated at 81 times greater among infants who do not receive intramuscular vitamin K than in infants who do receive it ( 4 ). (cdc.gov)
  • The four infants had laboratory-confirmed coagulopathy, defined as elevation of prothrombin time (PT) greater than or equal to four times the laboratory limit of normal, correctable by vitamin K administration, and symptomatic bleeding. (cdc.gov)
  • To assess the proportion of neonates who did not receive a vitamin K injection in 2013, records of a random sample of infants born during January-October 2013 at each of three Nashville area hospitals and at four major Tennessee nonhospital birthing centers were reviewed. (cdc.gov)
  • At the Nashville hospital with the highest proportion of neonates not administered vitamin K, 3.4% of 3,080 infants discharged from the newborn nursery received no vitamin K injection. (cdc.gov)
  • Parents of the four infants with VKDB were asked why they declined vitamin K prophylaxis for their neonate. (cdc.gov)
  • Infants and children have a high requirement of Vitamin A for promoting rapid growth and for combating infections. (who.int)
  • Infants and young children have increased vitamin A requirements to support rapid growth and to help combat infections. (bvsalud.org)
  • Prenatal vitamins provide the kind of nutrients that most pregnant people-and their babies-need. (forbes.com)
  • To promote a healthy pregnancy, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force recommend taking daily prenatal vitamins that contain 400 micrograms of folic acid. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Prenatal vitamins contain other vitamins that pregnant women and their developing fetus need, too. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Ascorbic acid is the purest form of vitamin C because it stands alone as an isolated molecule. (nwahomepage.com)
  • For starters, this miracle worker is the world's first 20% vitamin C serum with stabilized L-ascorbic acid (the purest form of vitamin C), according to the brand, and that amped-up potency helps it deliver lightning-fast results (and helps justify the price). (people.com)
  • Calcitriol is the "physiologically active form of vitamin D. It is formed primarily in the kidney by enzymatic hydroxylation of 25-hydroxycholecalciferol (calcifediol). (citizendium.org)
  • Vitamin D in the form of vitamin D(3) seems to decrease mortality in predominantly elderly women who are mainly in institutions and dependent care" according to the Cochrane Collaboration . (citizendium.org)
  • Furthermore, a Japanese study of dialysis patients demonstrated that correcting Vitamin D deficiency significantly lowered death from heart attacks and heart disease in general. (wnd.com)
  • But the limit for vitamin C has been set higher, at 1000 milligrams a day - twelve times the recommended allowance. (newscientist.com)
  • [8] For every 100 IU of vitamin D taken, the serum level rises about 1 ng/ml. [9] For 1000 IU daily, a randomized controlled trial found that consuming orange juice fortified with either vitamin D 3 or vitamin D 2 was not significantly different than consuming the corresponding capsules of the vitamins in respect of increasing 25-hydroxyvitamin D blood levels. (citizendium.org)
  • In 2003, however, a group of Japanese researchers reported that supplemental doses of vitamin K 2 given together with vitamin D 3 appeared to reduce bone turnover and sustain bone density in postmenopausal women with mild osteoporosis. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Children and adults with deficiencies caused by inherited conditions require supplementation with high doses of vitamin E. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • The veterans were taking varying doses of vitamin D, ranging from 20 IU which is absolutely worthless and no different than placebo, to 50,000 IU. (mercola.com)
  • Another study reported just last year on more than 17,000 healthy adult volunteers who were taking doses of vitamin D up to 20,000 units a day. (secondopinionnewsletter.com)
  • when you eat beta-carotene, an enzyme in the stomach turns it into Vitamin A. (howstuffworks.com)
  • Effect of vitamin E and beta carotene on the incidence of primary nonfatal myocardial infarction and fatal coronary heart disease. (medscape.com)
  • Vitamin E would represent an inexpensive and safe way to reduce the risk of cardiovascular death and heart attack in a significant proportion of diabetic patients," the researchers wrote in their study. (hindustantimes.com)
  • Sufficient levels of Vitamin B1 also ensure that the nervous system and the cardiovascular system work optimally. (pioneerthinking.com)
  • It's well known that Folic Acid is important for pregnant women, but did you also know that this essential B Vitamin also supports cardiovascular health in women and men? (puritan.com)
  • Vitamin C supports immune health, collagen production, a healthy cardiovascular system and more. (lifeextension.com)
  • Quercetin complements vitamin C, inhibiting oxidative stress and inflammation to support cardiovascular health. (lifeextension.com)
  • 1 In fact, some studies have shown that vitamin C supplementation supports certain aspects of cardiovascular health. (lifeextension.com)
  • Vitamin E supplementation and cardiovascular events in high-risk patients. (medscape.com)
  • Recognizing that vitamin D deficiency is epidemic in the general population, we know that patients with migraine have other health concerns, among them an increased risk for cardiovascular disease, cerebrovascular disease, and fibromyalgia, conditions that have also been linked to vitamin D deficiency. (medscape.com)
  • Until that point, I had no idea vitamin D deficiency was a cardiovascular risk factor, although I was aware there was a link between migraine and cardiovascular disease. (medscape.com)
  • It reduces the acidity of the ascorbic acid on its own, making it excellent if you have an extremely sensitive stomach or can't tolerate other vitamin C types due to illness. (nwahomepage.com)
  • Vitamin C, also called L-ascorbic acid, is a water-soluble vitamin that is an essential part of your diet. (flipboard.com)
  • Research on the stability of ascorbic acid (Vitamin C) and other vitamins demonstrates which factors to consider when it comes to the preservation of carbon-based molecules. (grisda.org)
  • Ascorbic acid is a very important but very unstable organic molecule which is characteristic of the class of organic molecules we know as vitamins (Fig. 1). (grisda.org)
  • Figure 1: Ascorbic Acid, better known as Vitamin C, is an unstable organic molecule that is highly water soluble. (grisda.org)
  • Vitamin C is somewhat stable in a dry, powdered form but dilution in water greatly accelerates the transformation of ascorbic acid into a biologically unusable form. (grisda.org)
  • Vitamin C (Ascorbic Acid). (sangsters.com)
  • Research exploring the status of serum vitamin D levels in the populations of countries bordering the Arabian Gulf shows a high prevalence of vitamin D deficiency/insufficiency. (who.int)
  • Paradoxically, prolonged treatment of TB also causes a decline in serum vitamin D levels ( 2 ). (cdc.gov)
  • Comparison of Serum Vitamin D Levels in Relation to Bowel and Bladder Symptoms in Women with Vulvar Diseases. (bvsalud.org)
  • Serum vitamin D levels were measured and subjects self -completed questionnaires during study recruitment. (bvsalud.org)
  • They write, "Taken together, findings from these two trials suggest that vitamin D supplementation should be offered to COPD patients with lower vitamin D status to reduce the risk of moderate or severe exacerbation. (medscape.com)
  • Her laboratory findings revealed low Vitamin B. The attending doctor prescribed intramuscular daily vitamin B ampoules to replace and prevent further deterioration. (researchgate.net)
  • If these findings are confirmed in other studies, they suggest that treating vitamin D deficiency in pregnant women and young children might help reduce the risk of high blood pressure in later life. (healthline.com)
  • Our findings raise the possibility that screening and treatment of vitamin D deficiency with supplementation during pregnancy and early childhood might be an effective approach to reduce high blood pressure later in life," Wang added. (healthline.com)
  • When the researchers extrapolated their vitamin D findings to the entire U.S. population in 2020, they found supplementation with vitamin D3 would have prevented 4 million COVID-19 cases and 116,000 deaths. (mercola.com)
  • New findings that suggest vitamin B12 is associated with possible protection against Parkinson's disease, ALS progression, and fatty liver disease severity spiked recent interest. (medscape.com)
  • In findings published in early February, researchers detailed the impact of vitamin D among patients with prediabetes (see Infographic). (medscape.com)
  • These findings only applied to those with insufficient vitamin D levels. (medscape.com)
  • Neurologic findings in vitamin E deficiency. (medscape.com)
  • Patient characteristics were similar between groups, including the fact that 87%, in total, had a vitamin D deficiency, defined as serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D levels less than 75 nmol/L, at baseline. (medscape.com)
  • Vitamin B12 might lower high homocysteine levels below a threshold level achieved by folic acid alone. (researchgate.net)
  • Low concentrations of 25-OH vitamin D causes secondary hyperparathyroidism (high levels of parathyroid hormone or PTH). (medscape.com)
  • Ideally, the vitamin D blood test should be offered from the fall season through winter when vitamin D blood levels are at their lowest. (medscape.com)
  • Strengthening the bhutagnis, dehagni and loma randhra is essential if Vitamin D levels are to return to a balanced state. (selfgrowth.com)
  • On the other side are vitamin D advocates, scientists and doctors who believe that sensible, non-burning sun exposure helps you achieve adequate vitamin D levels, which reduces your risk of a number of serious diseases without increasing your risk of skin cancer. (prweb.com)
  • Seminar attendees heard from Dr. Robert Heaney and Dr. Michael Holick, featured in the video, and other experts on the importance of sun exposure for maintaining optimal levels of vitamin D necessary for human health. (prweb.com)
  • Vitamin D can be checked for levels in blood. (news-medical.net)
  • If the blood levels of vitamin D are found normal in a breastfeeding mother she is advised diet rich in vitamin D. This includes fatty fish (salmon, herring and mackerel), liver, eggs, margarine and enriched dairy products along with regular periods of skin exposure to the sun. (news-medical.net)
  • Eating foods fortified with vitamin D may help pregnant women with low levels of the vitamin. (healthline.com)
  • A new study finds low levels of vitamin D at birth may put children at increased risk of high blood pressure later on. (healthline.com)
  • Pregnant women and expectant parents should consult with a dietitian or nutritionist if they are worried about their vitamin D levels. (healthline.com)
  • According to a new study published in the journal Hypertension, low levels of vitamin D may put children at heightened risk of elevated blood pressure. (healthline.com)
  • After controlling for multiple risk factors, the authors of the study found that children who had low levels of vitamin D at birth or in early childhood were more likely than kids with higher levels of vitamin D to develop elevated blood pressure in later childhood. (healthline.com)
  • In total, 44 percent of the participants had low levels of vitamin D in their cord blood at birth. (healthline.com)
  • Twenty-three percent of participants had low levels of vitamin D in early childhood. (healthline.com)
  • Children who had less than 11 ng/ml of vitamin D in their cord blood were approximately 60 percent more likely than those with higher levels of vitamin D to develop elevated blood pressure between the ages of 6 and 18 years. (healthline.com)
  • Currently, there are no recommendations from the American Academy of Pediatrics to screen all pregnant women and young children for vitamin D levels," said the study's lead author, Dr. Guoying Wang, PhD, in a press release issued by the American Heart Association. (healthline.com)
  • There is accumulating evidence that high vitamin B12 levels (values varied from 350-1,200 pmol/l) are associated with haematological and hepatic disorders, in particular with malignancy. (nih.gov)
  • Two of these diseases, congenital abetalipoproteinemia and familial isolated vitamin E deficiency , are chronic and result in extremely low vitamin E levels. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • While one dose can sufficiently raise blood levels of vitamin E, multiple doses may be required. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • It is highly unlikely that a person has low levels of vitamin E unless they have an underlying chronic disease, a genetic condition, or a diet extremely low in fat. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • When someone refers to vitamin D blood levels, they are usually referring to calcidiol levels. (vitamindcouncil.org)
  • How can I raise my vitamin D levels quickly? (drugs.com)
  • Vitamin D Deficiency - Hi, I was recently tested for Vitamin D and my levels are 5 Ng/ml. (drugs.com)
  • Vitamin B12 levels are linked to a form of leukemia. (livestrong.com)
  • Though there are several subdivisions of this disease, some forms of leukemia can affect your body's levels of vitamin B12. (livestrong.com)
  • In this study, ninety-one anovulatory women with PCOS underwent clomiphene cycles and pregnancy rates were correlated with vitamin D levels. (bellaonline.com)
  • Prior studies have found that women with PCOS may have a tendency towards having lower vitamin D levels so before you undergo clomiphene treatment, it may be wise to ask your physician to test your vitamin D levels with a 25OHD test. (bellaonline.com)
  • If your levels are low, taking an appropriate level of vitamin D daily may increase the likelihood that you will ovulate and conceive successfully, especially if you have PCOS. (bellaonline.com)
  • Among groups with low levels of vitamin D, rates of COVID-19 are higher. (mercola.com)
  • Further, veterans with very low vitamin D levels (between zero and 19 ng/ml) had the largest decrease in COVID-19 infection after supplementation. (mercola.com)
  • Because of the way this vitamin helps in the energy conversion and heart pumping processes, it has been known to boost mood and energy levels and alertness. (pioneerthinking.com)
  • As people age, it is natural for Vitamin B1 levels to start to decline. (pioneerthinking.com)
  • Low levels of vitamin B12 lead to muscle weakness and cramps. (home-remedies-for-you.com)
  • Genetic variation in the vitamin D-binding protein level can affect the serum levels. (citizendium.org)
  • In a prior study of healthy adults, Vitamin D 2 and vitamin D 3 are equally effective in maintaining serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D levels. (citizendium.org)
  • Most recently, studies have demonstrated that higher levels of Vitamin D improve longevity and are beneficial at preventing influenza - even better than vaccination. (wnd.com)
  • Studies showing beneficial effects of high vitamin D levels are quite convincing. (wnd.com)
  • They not only show a correlation between low Vitamin D blood levels and the problem, but show improvement in the disease or prevention of the condition when levels are raised up through supplementation. (wnd.com)
  • It is the observation of many, many practicing clinicians that 1) most patients test in the low 20s, and 2) 400 iu of Vitamin D a day - the government recommended daily allowance doesn't raise the levels at all. (wnd.com)
  • I quit testing for Vitamin D levels in untreated people after every one of my patients tested in the low 20s. (wnd.com)
  • The individual feed manufacturer must take responsibility for assuring customers that vitamins have been stored, handled and added to feeds in an optimum manner and that vitamin levels are routinely monitored for quality assurance. (grisda.org)
  • cord blood and infant liver reserve levels of vitamin K are substantially below adult levels ( 1,2 ). (cdc.gov)
  • In preclinical models, investigators found that supplementing the diet with vitamin B12 and folic acid increases hepatic syntaxin 17 levels, restores its role in autophagy, and slows NASH progression and reverses liver inflammation and fibrosis. (medscape.com)
  • To assess the association between vitamin D deficiency and tuberculosis disease progression, we studied vitamin D levels in a cohort of tuberculosis patients and their contacts (N = 129) in Pakistan. (cdc.gov)
  • Low vitamin D levels were associated with a 5-fold increased risk for progression to tuberculosis. (cdc.gov)
  • Serum levels of vitamin D in TB patients are lower than in healthy controls ( 2 , 3 ). (cdc.gov)
  • For the present study, 129 de-identified, plasma samples preserved at -70°C from the baseline visit were shipped to Stanford University (Stanford, CA, USA) for analysis of vitamin D levels. (cdc.gov)
  • Levels of vitamin D in test samples were derived by fitting a 2-parameter logistic curve to 6 standard levels and expressed as ng/mL (1 nmol/L × 0.4 = 1 ng/mL). (cdc.gov)
  • Vitamin D levels in the cohort were classified in population-based tertiles (low, middle, high). (cdc.gov)
  • Levels of vitamin D in plasma in the Karachi, Pakistan, tuberculosis (TB) household cohort ( 7 ) by TB status at baseline (disease-free, index TB case-patient, coprevalent TB case-patient, and past. (cdc.gov)
  • Also, in general, Indian people have less than average Vitamin D levels. (indianexpress.com)
  • How can we get adequate levels of vitamin D in our body? (indianexpress.com)
  • They found that the number of people testing with vitamin D levels over 50 ng/ml increased more than 25 times. (secondopinionnewsletter.com)
  • If the levels of vitamin D increased so dramatically over that period of time, surely the number of toxicity cases went up as well? (secondopinionnewsletter.com)
  • Thus, evaluating vitamin D levels in people with diabetes may be warranted. (jabfm.org)
  • Golden Glow Bronzing Serum - This revolutionary Vitamin C serum utilizes glowing levels of DHA to deeply nourish and hydrate while providing a luminous glow. (tanforless.com)
  • He reviewed the records from consecutive chronic migraine patients who had vitamin D levels assessed at a single outpatient laboratory over a 6-month period. (medscape.com)
  • Optimal or sufficient total vitamin D was defined as levels greater than 30 ng/mL. (medscape.com)
  • We sought to investigate associations between vitamin D levels and bowel and bladder disorders in women with vulvar diseases . (bvsalud.org)
  • Vitamin D levels (26.8 ± 13.1 vs 29.5 ± 19.0 ng/mL), prevalence of low vitamin D levels (51.1% vs 45.2%), and vitamin D supplementation (42.0% vs 47.8%) were similar in women with and without LS (p ≥ 0.27). (bvsalud.org)
  • These factors did not differ between women with and without overactive bladder (OAB) ( vitamin D levels 30.1 ± 17.8 vs 26.3 ± 14.8 ng/mL), urinary incontinence (27.9 ± 15.2 vs 26.4 ± 11.0 ng/mL), constipation (26.7 ± 14.8 vs 28.5 ± 16.8 ng/mL), or irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) (30.8 ± 22.1 vs 27.6 ± 13.4 ng/mL). (bvsalud.org)
  • In this cohort of women with vulvar diseases , vitamin D levels and supplementation were not significantly different amongst women with vulvar lichen sclerosus or other non-lichenoid vulvar diseases . (bvsalud.org)
  • Furthermore, vitamin D levels are not serum biomarkers for OAB, urinary incontinence , constipation , or IBS. (bvsalud.org)
  • But yet another study - this one published in Scientific Reports 1 - shows the association between vitamin D and COVID-19 protection cannot be ignored. (mercola.com)
  • To evaluate the association between vitamin D deficiency and insufficiency with diabetic nephropathy across racial/ethnic groups. (jabfm.org)
  • There is an independent association between vitamin D deficiency and vitamin D insufficiency with the presence of nephropathy, even after adjustment for race/ethnicity and other variables. (jabfm.org)
  • Final considerations: There is a clear association between vitamin D deficiency and early childhood caries. (bvsalud.org)
  • Preliminary queries of Tennessee hospital discharge data during 2007-2012 revealed no confirmed cases of late vitamin K deficiency bleeding, defined as an International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision (ICD-9) diagnosis code of either hemorrhagic disease of the newborn (776.0) or vitamin K deficiency (269.0), plus any codes for symptoms of bleeding, including intracranial or gastrointestinal hemorrhages, epistaxis, bruising, or hemothorax. (cdc.gov)
  • With age, it can become harder to absorb this vitamin. (webmd.com)
  • This is because the body requires fat to absorb vitamin E correctly. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • Those who consume excessive amounts of alcohol are most adversely affected as alcohol inhibits the body's ability to properly absorb this vitamin. (pioneerthinking.com)
  • The business has been around since March 2019 and sells wellness-focussed customers 30-day supplies of customised vitamins that are wrapped in compostable sachets for each day. (afr.com)
  • Asmara 15 Nov 2019 - The Minister of Health, H.E. Ms. Amina Nurhussien today launched the national meningitis A vaccination and Vitamin A supplementation campaign in Asmara, where Zonal Administrators, Director Generals, UN delegates, and invited guests were present. (who.int)
  • Background: Despite a remarkable reduction in the occurrence of many micronutrient deficiencies in most countries, vitamin D deficiency has remained a global problem. (who.int)
  • Aside from the natural deficiency brought about by age, Vitamin B1 deficiencies are very rare nowadays, but they do exist. (pioneerthinking.com)
  • Neuropathy treatment includes lifestyle changes like avoiding alcohol, eating a balanced diet, correcting vitamin deficiencies, maintaining optimum weight, and reducing stress, etc. (home-remedies-for-you.com)
  • Appropriate growth and development are supported by adequate vitamin K. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Today, this "group-think" is depriving people from some of the best and cheapest medical treatment available - supplementation with adequate Vitamin D3. (wnd.com)
  • As an example, it has been shown in the laboratory that heart muscle does not contract well unless adequate Vitamin D is present. (wnd.com)
  • The deficiency of vitamin B12 creates a case of hyperhomocysteinemia and decline of S-adenosylmethionine, which is a risk factor for depression without adequate treatment. (bvsalud.org)
  • Some research suggests that a lack of vitamin E can inhibit the immune cells. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • Vitamin D deficiency has long been associated with reduced immune function that can lead to viral infection. (mercola.com)
  • Several studies have suggested that vitamin D is a potent immunomodulator of innate immune responses ( 4 , 5 ) by acting as a cofactor for induction of antimycobacterial activity ( 6 ). (cdc.gov)
  • Vitamin C promotes immune response, fights oxidative stress and can act as an osmotic agent, drawing water into the intestines to promote regularity. (lifeextension.com)
  • Vitamin D helps to maintain immune function. (goodnessme.ca)
  • Vitamin K is fairly heat-stable, but gentle cooking preserves the content of other nutrients that are prone to breaking down when heated. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Are We Getting Enough Vitamins and Nutrients? (cdc.gov)
  • Supplementing with a daily multi vitamin will ensure that your body is not missing out on these vital nutrients on days when your diet choices may not be the best. (sangsters.com)
  • This vitamin is important for the formation of red blood cells, cell division, maintenance of a healthy nervous system, myelin synthesis, cellular growth and reproduction, as well as rapid synthesis of DNA. (researchgate.net)
  • they would bypass the natural physiologic controls of vitamin D synthesis. (medscape.com)
  • But while these protective measures help our skin, they also have us missing out on an essential sun benefit: vitamin D synthesis. (yogajournal.com)
  • Vitamin D deficiency is especially prevalent in the Fall and Winter months in northern latitudes because the wavelength of sunlight during Fall/Winter/early Spring is not able to stimulate vitamin D synthesis in the skin, even on bright sunny days. (bellaonline.com)
  • As a fat-soluble vitamin, it is produced internally when ultraviolet rays from the sunlight hit the skin and initiate the process of vitamin D synthesis. (indianexpress.com)
  • Vitamin B-12 is involved in numerous vital body functions, including red blood cell formation, synthesis and function of nerve tissue, and metabolism of carbohydrates, fats, and proteins. (myvillagegreen.com)
  • This third volume of the IARC Handbooks of Cancer Prevention evaluates the cancer preventive potential of vitamin A. The handbook provides a comprehensive review and evaluation of the relevant information in the published scientific literature through April 1998 on the cancer-preventive activity of retinol and retinyl esters. (who.int)
  • Deficiency of vitamin D leads to muscle weakness and bone deformities. (news-medical.net)
  • This would be a deficiency of Vitamin D in an exclusively breastfed baby. (news-medical.net)
  • Lean protein sources such as skinless white meat poultry, legumes, tofu, fish, low fat yogurt also helps to treat deficiency of vitamin B12 and neuropathy. (home-remedies-for-you.com)
  • Deficiency of vitamin D (25-hydroxycholecalciferol) has long been implicated in activation of tuberculosis (TB) ( 1 ). (cdc.gov)
  • This project had as an objective to verify the relation between depression and the deficiency of vitamin B12, through literary revision. (bvsalud.org)
  • Even applying the data to the Department of Veterans Administration, which had 343,094 COVID-19 cases and 14,981 deaths through October 2, 2021, vitamin D supplementation would have resulted in 69,000 fewer COVID-19 cases and 4,900 fewer deaths from March 2020 to October 2021. (mercola.com)
  • GrassrootsHealth (GRH) released a new video featuring some of the world's leading vitamin D experts answering questions about 'The Sunshine Vitamin' and discussing the benefits of UV light. (prweb.com)
  • Michael L. Holick, MD is an endocrinologist and is probably the world's leading expert on vitamin D supplementation. (secondopinionnewsletter.com)
  • Such an assumption is possible since there are symptoms of vitamin B12 deficiency that are related to those of COVID-19 infection. (researchgate.net)
  • Such an assumption is based on the fact that there are signs and symptoms of vitamin B12 deficiency that are similar to those of a coronavirus infection. (researchgate.net)
  • Our results suggest a substantial role of vitamin D in PCOS and infertility treatment in these patients. (bellaonline.com)
  • These are only a few of the rapidly expanding body of literature supporting the role of Vitamin D in multiple disease prevention. (wnd.com)
  • The physiological role of vitamin A in er than that of healthy women [ 14 ]. (who.int)
  • In the present study, we explored the role of vitamin D deficiency in TB disease progression within this cohort. (cdc.gov)
  • The study included 122 patients in the treatment group, all of whom received at least one dose of vitamin D, and 94 completed the study protocol. (medscape.com)
  • How are you getting your daily dose of vitamin D? (indianexpress.com)
  • Probably a month doesn't go by before I find out that some doctor said as much when he found out I had prescribed a "dangerously high dose of vitamin D." So imagine how happy I was to find a review article on the incredible safety of vitamin D in one of the most respected medical journals in the U.S. (secondopinionnewsletter.com)
  • You now know that selecting a mango, chicken salad should at least give you a healthy dose of vitamin C. (doctorshealthpress.com)
  • Using this information, they can determine whether a person's overall level of vitamin E. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • An extremely low level of vitamin E in the blood can indicate an underlying health issue. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • Is It Dangerous to Have a High Level of Vitamin B12? (livestrong.com)
  • Your Clomid (clomiphene) cycles may have a greater chance of succeeding if you have a decent level of vitamin D in your body according to a 2012 study on women with PCOS. (bellaonline.com)
  • The authors also suggest that the optimal level of vitamin D in the blood needed to reduce diabetes risk may be higher than previously thought. (medscape.com)
  • You can get vitamin D naturally from the sun, or by consuming foods fortified in vitamin D like cereal and dairy products. (drjacquiesmiles.com)
  • You can get vitamin B12 in animal foods, which have it naturally, or from items that have been fortified with it. (webmd.com)
  • In fact, whole milk contains Vitamin A naturally, and low-fat milk is fortified to replace the Vitamin A lost when the milkfat is removed. (nmpf.org)
  • While very few foods naturally contain vitamin D, several foods and beverages are fortified with this essential nutrient. (cdc.gov)
  • There are two forms of vitamin D. Vitamin D2, also known as Ergocalciferol, is a plant-derived form that is added to milk, juice, and cereals. (wikihow.com)
  • Even if you expose your skin to sunlight, if the intelligence of your skin is low, Vitamin D3 will not be produced in sufficient quantities to meet the body's needs. (selfgrowth.com)
  • The good news is that there are many benefits to sunlight besides making vitamin D. Vitamin D is made by a narrow band of the sun's radiation and there are many other regions in that visible light that produce all kinds of good effects. (prweb.com)
  • The skin can manufacture vitamin D when exposed to sunlight. (news-medical.net)
  • The human body can produce its own vitamin D in the skin, but only when it's exposed to ultraviolet (UV) radiation from sunlight or other sources. (healthline.com)
  • Vitamin D is a fat-soluble vitamin produced in the body when sunlight is exposed to your skin. (wikihow.com)
  • Studies of equatorial inhabitants demonstrate that some of the longest-lived people on the planet obtain 30,000-40,000 iu of Vitamin D (specifically D3) a day from the sunlight - nature's source of the vitamin. (wnd.com)
  • Note that sunlight, which comes through your window, can not help in producing vitamin D since ultraviolet B rays are filtered by glass. (indianexpress.com)
  • Around 10 to 50 minutes of daily sunlight exposure is needed to meet daily vitamin D requirement. (indianexpress.com)
  • It is important to note that sunlight, which comes through your window, can not help in producing vitamin D since ultraviolet B rays are filtered by glass. (indianexpress.com)
  • For the Indian population, if we assume that around 25 percent of our body is exposed, then around 10 to 50 minutes of daily sunlight exposure is needed to meet daily vitamin D requirement. (indianexpress.com)
  • Several studies have shown that vitamin D deficiency … increases the risk of infection with COVID-19," they wrote. (mercola.com)
  • The occurrence of peripheral neuropathy increases with age and vitamin B deficiency. (home-remedies-for-you.com)
  • Vitamin C is a water-soluble vitamin that's found in many foods, particularly fruits and vegetables. (flipboard.com)
  • Vitamin B1, a water-soluble vitamin also known as Thiamin, is an important part of the family of B-complex vitamins. (pioneerthinking.com)
  • Remember, as a water soluble vitamin, B1 is constantly eliminated from the body through the urine. (pioneerthinking.com)
  • Vitamin C is an essential, water-soluble vitamin which must be obtained through diet or supplementation. (healthyorigins.com)
  • however, such benefits are difficult to ascertain because of the complementary functions of vitamin B12 and folic acid. (researchgate.net)
  • Vitamin B12 might help protect against chronic disease and neural tube defects, but more research, particularly in the area of nutritional genomics, is needed to determine how vitamin B12 might augment the benefits of folic acid. (researchgate.net)
  • Some consideration should be given to the potential value of fortifying foods with vitamin B12 in addition to the current mandatory folic acid fortification of grains. (researchgate.net)
  • However, these gains are usually so challenging to determine due to the many additional roles of vitamin B12 working together with folic acid. (researchgate.net)
  • Another study found that vitamin B12 and folic acid may also play a role in preventing or delaying disease progression in nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH). (medscape.com)
  • Folic Acid is part of a triad of B Vitamins - along with Vitamins B-6 and B-12 - that helps promote heart health. (puritan.com)
  • It is known as the vitamin which is essential for our good vision, but also it is responsible for our good bone, muscle and tissue health. (guide2herbalremedies.com)
  • Vitamin K deficiency and liver failure can prolong the prothrombin time (PT) and raise the INR. (medscape.com)
  • Vitamin K is also used to treat bleeding from the esophagus and other complications of cirrhosis , a disease of the liver. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Furthermore, preliminary work showed that enzymes in the liver and the final vitamin D receptors (VDR) in important tissues bind vitamin D3 more effectively. (medscape.com)
  • UVB converts 7-dehydrocholesterol in the skin into a precursor of Vitamin D, called Vitamin D3, which is further converted in the liver and kidneys to produce the final product, Vitamin D. (selfgrowth.com)
  • Likewise, if loma randhra and dehagni are good, but the panchabhutagnis in the liver are weak, then again Vitamin D production will go down. (selfgrowth.com)
  • Even if Vitamin D is ingested it must still undergo two hydroxylations in the body for activation: one in the liver and one in the kidneys. (selfgrowth.com)
  • EMF (electromagnetic frequency) is especially detrimental to the production of Vitamin D because it affects the liver (bhutagnis), the skin (loma randhra) and the whole body (dehagni). (selfgrowth.com)
  • The liver is the place where Vitamin D3 (from the skin, from natural food sources, or from foods fortified with Vitamin D) has to be transformed into active Vitamin D. For this reason, the liver has to be very intelligent. (selfgrowth.com)
  • Any foods that "dumb down" the liver could be a potential cause for low Vitamin D. (selfgrowth.com)
  • Vitamin E is mainly stored in the liver before being released into the blood stream for use. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • Like most other B vitamins, thiamine is needed in regular supply, though after its absorption from the upper and lower small intestine, some B1 is stored in the liver, heart, and kidneys. (healthy.net)
  • After all, the 100% vegetarian concoction (made from a fungus also used in the manufacturing of beer, by the way), has only 9 calories in a 4 g serving and contains plenty of B vitamins to promote healthy liver and kidney functions. (menshealth.com)
  • Vitamin D is in foods such as egg yolks, liver, saltwater fish, and vitamin D-fortified dairy products. (healthlinkbc.ca)
  • A number of foods contain vitamin K, including green, leafy vegetables such as spinach, broccoli and lettuce, and beef, chicken and pork liver. (howstuffworks.com)
  • As with newborn babies, or certain liver, gall bladder or intestinal tract disease patients, vitamin K supplementation is sometimes needed. (howstuffworks.com)
  • Vitamin D 2 and vitamin D 3 are hydroxylated in the liver at the 25 position. (citizendium.org)
  • A factor that may impact the differential development of diabetic nephropathy is vitamin D. The role of the kidney in the hydroxylation of the vitamin D metabolite 25-hydroxycalciferol (25-OH-D) from the liver to the biologically active form of 1,25(OH)2D3 is well established. (jabfm.org)
  • Objective: This study aimed to survey articles, published from 2004 to 2014, about the impact of vitamin D deficiency on the prevalence of early childhood caries. (bvsalud.org)
  • Vitamins are substances that your body needs to grow and develop normally. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Vitamin K helps your body by making proteins for healthy bones and tissues. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Vitamin E can interfere with how vitamin K works in your body. (medlineplus.gov)
  • These values are based on an estimate of 1 mcg of vitamin K per kilogram of body weight. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Some of the supply for the body is synthesized as vitamin K 2 by the good bacteria in the intestines. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Vitamins are smallish molecules (Vitamin B12 is the largest, with a molecular weight of 1,355) that your body needs to keep itself running properly. (howstuffworks.com)
  • In How Sunburns and Sun Tans Work , we learn that the body can produce its own Vitamin D, but generally vitamins must be provided in food. (howstuffworks.com)
  • Instead, the true etiological factors must be isolated and addressed for each person if there is to be any hope of a stable state for this important vitamin in the body. (selfgrowth.com)
  • Vitamin D is well stored in the body and is gradually released over many weeks. (medscape.com)
  • This research adds to a growing body of studies that have found links between low vitamin D and increased risk of high blood pressure. (healthline.com)
  • Vitamin B6 serves as coenzyme in more than 100 enzymes catalysing biochemical reaction in the body. (dsm.com)
  • You typically shouldn't take more than 2,000 mg of vitamin C per day, because your body only absorbs so much at a time. (nwahomepage.com)
  • Vitamin B12 does a lot of things for your body. (webmd.com)
  • The body needs vitamin E to function, making it an essential vitamin. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • When the body has too little vitamin E, it contains fewer antioxidants that protect these fats, and the function of the nervous system breaks down. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • Get your vitamin D, from full-body UV light, in the privacy of your home! (vitamindcouncil.org)
  • He says that the farther north you live, the less vitamin D you produce, and adds that by age 70, vitamin D production in the body drops down to 30 percent of what it was at age 25. (yogajournal.com)
  • Vitamin B12 is one of the eight B-vitamins that the human body uses for various important physical processes. (livestrong.com)
  • The primary role this vitamin plays inside the body is in the conversion process of blood sugars into glucose. (pioneerthinking.com)
  • Vitamin B1 helps the body break down carbohydrates, proteins and fats. (pioneerthinking.com)
  • Water soluble vitamins such as B1 must be continuously replenished because what the body does not use is eliminated via the urine. (pioneerthinking.com)
  • Since Vitamin B12 is not created by the body itself, one has to consume foods-rich in B12 in order to avert vitamin B12 deficiency. (home-remedies-for-you.com)
  • Moreover, although vitamin B12 can be stored in the body, it is not easily absorbed by the body, and this inability further leads to vitamin B12 deficiency, which, in turn, leads to peripheral neuropathy. (home-remedies-for-you.com)
  • First recognized by a Danish scientist in 1929, Vitamin K is a huge help to the body. (howstuffworks.com)
  • The B vitamins are essential for energy production, helping our body turn fat, sugar and protein into energy," she says. (huffpost.com)
  • Though Vitamin K1 can be converted by the body into K2, it has been shown in studies that our bodies still need a certain level of supplemental K2 in order to function optimally. (unlike.net)
  • Vitamin C is a powerful essential nutrient that provides profound whole-body health benefits. (lifeextension.com)
  • More recently, researchers have been studying vitamin K intensively for its potential anticancer effects. (encyclopedia.com)
  • 10 "As a safe, widely available and affordable treatment, vitamin D may help to reduce the severity of the COVID-19 pandemic," the researchers concluded. (mercola.com)
  • In the May 2015 edition of the Mayo Clinic Proceedings , researchers reported on a study that looked at over 20,000 vitamin D blood tests done between 2002 and 2011. (secondopinionnewsletter.com)
  • In one interesting study, researchers took a look at the stability of vitamin C and carotenoids in papaya, mango, and guava after cleaning, peeling, and slicing in a commercial restaurant. (doctorshealthpress.com)
  • The researchers noted that, before preparation, these three fruits are considered excellent sources of vitamin C. (doctorshealthpress.com)
  • The researchers found that there were no significant differences in the vitamin C and carotenoid content during the different fruit handling stages at the restaurant. (doctorshealthpress.com)
  • Ask your health care provider for recommendations about these vitamins. (medlineplus.gov)
  • It is also known as antihemorrhagic factor, and is one of the four fat-soluble vitamins necessary for good health. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Some health insurances cover vitamin D testing and some do not, and prices vary from $10 to $50, so local laboratory costs should be checked before telling the patient that a vitamin D test is needed. (medscape.com)
  • The release of the video coincided with the kickoff of the Vitamin D for Public Health 2-day seminar in San Diego hosted by GrassrootsHealth and UC San Diego. (prweb.com)
  • GrassrootsHealth is a nonprofit public health research organization dedicated to moving public health messages regarding vitamin D from science into practice. (prweb.com)
  • To understand how vitamin D affected health from birth, the authors of the study followed a cohort of 775 children, from birth to age 18 years. (healthline.com)
  • Some find it a bit on the sour side, but when paired with brown rice and other vegetables, it makes for a savory, delectable dish packed with health-boosting vitamins and compounds. (menshealth.com)
  • The Radiance Restoring Mini-facials, which are made from pure Vitamin C for instant hydration and restoration, come complete with a personalized skin health assessment from a beauty expert. (nbcmiami.com)
  • Other vitamins can help maintain and regulate health. (howstuffworks.com)
  • Fur- health and disease is well recognized and thermore, supplementation of vitamin A and has been frequently discussed [ 4-7 ]. (who.int)
  • No doubt this was because of the fact that vitamin D supplementation has been shown to be one of the most important things we can do for our health. (secondopinionnewsletter.com)
  • The company also announced a collaboration with Yanhee Vitamin Water in distributing its vitamin B water in view of the growing health conscious trend in April. (beveragedaily.com)
  • I believe in the health advantages of vitamin C. (lifeextension.com)
  • Quercetin is a flavonoid that complements vitamin C's health benefits. (lifeextension.com)
  • Plus, vitamin C's biological activity is complemented by the health benefits of the flavonoid quercetin. (lifeextension.com)
  • Vitamin D is a factor in the maintenance of good health. (goodnessme.ca)
  • Dr. Wheeler said he read several other studies on the negative effect of vitamin D deficiency on health, including a seminal review by world expert Michael Holick, MD, PhD, from Boston University Medical Center, in Massachusetts ( N Engl J Med . (medscape.com)
  • Member States have requested guidance from the World Health Organization (WHO) on the effects and safety of vitamin A supplementation in the neonatal period (first 28 days of life) as a. (bvsalud.org)
  • Vitamin A deficiency affects about 19 million pregnant women and 190 million preschool-age children, mostly from the World Health Organization (WHO) regions of Africa and South-East Asia. (bvsalud.org)
  • program to reduce the complications of vitamin D deficiency encountered during pregnancy and childhood. (prweb.com)
  • 25OHD3 (vitamin D) deficiency was an independent predictive parameter of CC (clomiphene) stimulation outcome, in terms of follicle development and pregnancy. (bellaonline.com)
  • ABSTRACT Vitamin A deficiency (VAD) can have a negative impact on pregnancy but there have been no studies in Al-Ain on the vitamin A status of pregnant women. (who.int)
  • Dur- its precursors contributed effectively to re- ing pregnancy and lactation, vitamin A ducing mortality rates among pregnant plays a vital role in placental and fetal devel- women [ 14 ]. (who.int)
  • Eat more of these vitamin C-rich foods to build your body's defense against common cold and flu. (flipboard.com)
  • The production of adenosine triphosphate (ATP), which is the body's main source of fuel, could not happen without Vitamin B1. (pioneerthinking.com)
  • In a report released Tuesday morning, the federal Centers for Disease Control confirmed that vitamin E acetate has been detected in a high proportion of THC-containing products associated with lung injury and death. (mercurynews.com)
  • In contrast, 28.0% of 218 neonates at birthing centers did not receive vitamin K. Case-finding efforts revealed no additional cases of late VKDB in Tennessee in 2013. (cdc.gov)
  • Cite this: Vitamin D Reduces COPD Exacerbations - Medscape - Dec 04, 2014. (medscape.com)
  • Cite this: Vitamin D: A Rapid Review - Medscape - Jan 01, 2009. (medscape.com)
  • In the video, Dr. Robert Heaney, John A Creighton University Professor Emeritus, addresses a question on the natural way to make vitamin D, "The most natural way to make vitamin D is to expose our skin to the sun particularly around midday when the intensity of the sun's rays will be at their maximum, particularly in the summertime. (prweb.com)
  • Another important question addressed in the video is, can sunbeds be used to make vitamin D, especially in winter? (prweb.com)
  • The small amount of UVB is all it takes to make vitamin D in your skin. (prweb.com)
  • During spring/summer the best time to make vitamin D is between 10 am and 2 pm. (prweb.com)
  • Yes, we have the ability to make vitamin K -- and we do, creating about 1/3 of what we need -- via bacteria in our intestines. (howstuffworks.com)
  • This provides a source of this important vitamin. (news-medical.net)
  • Learn more about this important vitamin on this page. (howstuffworks.com)
  • Our immunity plays a very important role in fighting viral diseases such as coronavirus, and vitamin D is one of the very important vitamin that helps in immunoregulation, adds Dr Jha. (indianexpress.com)
  • A MEDLINE search from 1999 to 2007 was performed using the key word vitamin B12. (researchgate.net)
  • To review recent evidence that suggests vitamin B12 is associated with risk reduction for some chronic diseases and birth defects. (researchgate.net)
  • Therefore, it is important that we try to compensate for the lack of the vitamin by other means, suggests Dr Ravi Shekhar Jha, senior consultant and Head of the Department, Pulmonology, Fortis Escorts Faridabad. (indianexpress.com)
  • To the contrary, current evidence suggests that improvement in vitamin D status reduces the risk for hypertension, stroke, and myocardial infarction. (secondopinionnewsletter.com)
  • However, they noted that "extrapolating to the more than 374 million adults worldwide who have prediabetes suggests that inexpensive vitamin D supplementation could delay the development of diabetes in more than 10 million people. (medscape.com)
  • In addition, current literature suggests that vitamin D supplementation may reduce the risk of developing caries lesions. (bvsalud.org)
  • A diet of fresh, natural food usually provides all of the vitamins that you need. (howstuffworks.com)
  • Thus, strength of the bones depends on presence of vitamin D in diet. (news-medical.net)
  • Children under 5 years of age are at risk of vitamin D deficiency in diet. (news-medical.net)
  • You can also get vitamin B12 deficiency if you follow a vegan diet (meaning you don't eat any animal products, including meat, milk, cheese, and eggs) or you are a vegetarian who doesn't eat enough eggs or dairy products to meet your vitamin B12 needs. (webmd.com)
  • Animal-based foods are the only recognized source of vitamin B12 and lack of that in a vegetarian diet results in vitamin B12 deficiency. (home-remedies-for-you.com)
  • however, it's our responsibility to include vitamin K in our diet, as well. (howstuffworks.com)
  • Despite eating a healthy diet, sometimes vitamin K deficiency can occur. (howstuffworks.com)
  • When you think about adding B vitamins into your diet, you may assume there's only one way to do it, but in fact, there's at least eight. (huffpost.com)
  • A variety of foods contain different types of B vitamins, but Caven adds the best way to add them to your diet is by eating whole, unrefined foods. (huffpost.com)
  • Here are Caven's recommendations for the healthiest way to get more vitamin B in your diet. (huffpost.com)
  • Davila and colleagues looked at To assess vitamin A status, WHO identi- the relationship between maternal diet and fied two main categories of indicator: direct vitamin A status of lactating rats and their (biological) indicators, which include bio- offspring [ 9 ]. (who.int)
  • You can include vitamin A into your diet by eating carrots, cantaloupe, and sweet potatoes. (drjacquiesmiles.com)
  • GSH and protein thiols in the dermis of vitamin E deprived mice exposed to MWFs were also decreased 39 and 42%, respectively, as compared to mice given basal diet. (cdc.gov)
  • To learn how to prevent or treat low vitamin D, Koltun encourages pregnant women, parents, and others to speak with a registered dietitian nutritionist. (healthline.com)
  • Vitamin B3, also called niacin, assists other substances in the conversion of protein, carbohydrate and fat into energy. (howstuffworks.com)
  • Vitamin K taken by mouth appears to be more effective than intramuscular injections of the vitamin when it is used to counteract the effects of warfarin. (encyclopedia.com)
  • In the United States, administration of intramuscular vitamin K at birth to prevent all forms of VKDB has been standard practice since first recommended by the American Academy of Pediatrics in 1961 ( 3 ). (cdc.gov)
  • In each case, parents had declined intramuscular vitamin K administration at birth. (cdc.gov)
  • Vitamin D supplementation prevented moderate to severe exacerbations of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) in patients with vitamin D deficiency in a multicenter, double-blind, randomized controlled trial. (medscape.com)
  • However, recent clinical studies have shown that topical applications of vitamin K given to patients following laser treatments on the face are effective in minimizing bruising from the procedure. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Based on these observations, it can be inferred that treatment with vitamin B12 can be useful in the recovery of COVID-19 patients. (researchgate.net)
  • Spring and summer months can give patients and clinicians a false sense of vitamin D security. (medscape.com)
  • Patients should have a 25-OH vitamin D test yearly from September through March, around the same time they get their fasting lipid level. (medscape.com)
  • But when these at-risk patients, who have the 2-2 form of haptoglobin, take 400 international units of vitamin E daily, they reduce their risk of heart attack by 43 percent, and their risk of dying of heart disease by 55 percent. (hindustantimes.com)
  • Therefore, an increased supply of antioxidants, such as those found in vitamin E, would be expected to provide the greatest benefit for these patients. (hindustantimes.com)
  • The CDC investigators found vitamin E acetate in vaping products used by 11 of 12 patients sickened with vaping-related illness in Minnesota. (mercurynews.com)
  • The study involved a large population of veterans, including 220,265 patients supplemented with vitamin D3 before and during the pandemic, 34,710 supplemented with vitamin D2 and 407,860 untreated patients. (mercola.com)
  • Since vitamin B12 deficiency results in nerve damage, patients often suffer from an unsteady walk, muscle spasms, shaky movements, and muscle weakness. (home-remedies-for-you.com)
  • Healthcare providers should maintain a high index of suspicion for vitamin K-dependent antagonist coagulopathy in patients with a history of synthetic cannabinoids (e.g. (cdc.gov)
  • Healthcare providers should be aware that patients with vitamin K-dependent antagonist coagulopathy associated with synthetic cannabinoids use may have friends or associates who have used the same synthetic cannabinoids product but are asymptomatic and ignorant of their numerical coagulopathy. (cdc.gov)
  • These patients should be screened for vitamin K-dependent anti-coagulant coagulopathy prior to their procedure. (cdc.gov)
  • Very-high-dose vitamin D therapy might prevent type 2 diabetes in some patients but may also cause harm. (medscape.com)
  • An important caveat from a separate study: Response to vitamin D supplementation may be blunted in patients who are overweight or have obesity. (medscape.com)
  • Compliance with cobalamin supplementation should be monitored in patients with vitamin B12 deficiency. (medscape.com)
  • Sherf-Dagan S, Buch A, Ben-Porat T, Sakran N, Sinai T. Vitamin E status among bariatric surgery patients: a systematic review. (medscape.com)
  • The AAP also noted that a possible link between supplemental vitamin K and early childhood cancer has not been proven as of 2003. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Others who may benefit from supplemental vitamin K include those taking medications that interact with it or deplete the supply. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Synthetic forms of vitamin K are also available for supplemental use. (encyclopedia.com)