A state in southeastern Australia, the southernmost state. Its capital is Melbourne. It was discovered in 1770 by Captain Cook and first settled by immigrants from Tasmania. In 1851 it was separated from New South Wales as a separate colony. Self-government was introduced in 1851; it became a state in 1901. It was named for Queen Victoria in 1851. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p1295 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, p574)
The geographical area of Africa comprising BURUNDI; DJIBOUTI; ETHIOPIA; KENYA; RWANDA; SOMALIA; SUDAN; TANZANIA; and UGANDA.
The class of true jellyfish, in the phylum CNIDARIA. They are mostly free-swimming marine organisms that go through five stages in their life cycle and exhibit two body forms: polyp and medusa.
A class in the phylum CNIDARIA which alternates between polyp and medusa forms during their life cycle. There are over 2700 species in five orders.
Inland bodies of still or slowly moving FRESH WATER or salt water, larger than a pond, and supplied by RIVERS and streams.
The smallest continent and an independent country, comprising six states and two territories. Its capital is Canberra.
Species of the genus INFLUENZAVIRUS B that cause HUMAN INFLUENZA and other diseases primarily in humans. Antigenic variation is less extensive than in type A viruses (INFLUENZA A VIRUS) and consequently there is no basis for distinct subtypes or variants. Epidemics are less likely than with INFLUENZA A VIRUS and there have been no pandemics. Previously only found in humans, Influenza B virus has been isolated from seals which may constitute the animal reservoir from which humans are exposed.
A plant genus of the family PONTEDERIACEAE that is used as a biological filter for treating wastewater.
Water containing no significant amounts of salts, such as water from RIVERS and LAKES.
Proteins which are involved in the phenomenon of light emission in living systems. Included are the "enzymatic" and "non-enzymatic" types of system with or without the presence of oxygen or co-factors.
The type species of the genus INFLUENZAVIRUS A that causes influenza and other diseases in humans and animals. Antigenic variation occurs frequently between strains, allowing classification into subtypes and variants. Transmission is usually by aerosol (human and most non-aquatic hosts) or waterborne (ducks). Infected birds shed the virus in their saliva, nasal secretions, and feces.
A common name for fish of the family Percidae, belonging to the suborder Percoidei, order PERCIFORMES.
An acute viral infection in humans involving the respiratory tract. It is marked by inflammation of the NASAL MUCOSA; the PHARYNX; and conjunctiva, and by headache and severe, often generalized, myalgia.
Protein analogs and derivatives of the Aequorea victoria green fluorescent protein that emit light (FLUORESCENCE) when excited with ULTRAVIOLET RAYS. They are used in REPORTER GENES in doing GENETIC TECHNIQUES. Numerous mutants have been made to emit other colors or be sensitive to pH.
A subtype of INFLUENZA A VIRUS comprised of the surface proteins hemagglutinin 3 and neuraminidase 2. The H3N2 subtype was responsible for the Hong Kong flu pandemic of 1968.
Care of the newborn infant in a crib near the mother's bed, instead of in a nursery, during the hospital stay.
Serologic tests in which a known quantity of antigen is added to the serum prior to the addition of a red cell suspension. Reaction result is expressed as the smallest amount of antigen which causes complete inhibition of hemagglutination.
General or unspecified injuries to the soft tissue or bony portions of the face.
Vaccines used to prevent infection by viruses in the family ORTHOMYXOVIRIDAE. It includes both killed and attenuated vaccines. The composition of the vaccines is changed each year in response to antigenic shifts and changes in prevalence of influenza virus strains. The vaccine is usually bivalent or trivalent, containing one or two INFLUENZAVIRUS A strains and one INFLUENZAVIRUS B strain.
Simulation of symptoms of illness or injury with intent to deceive in order to obtain a goal, e.g., a claim of physical illness to avoid jury duty.
Sudden increase in the incidence of a disease. The concept includes EPIDEMICS and PANDEMICS.
A plant genus of the family NYMPHAEACEAE. The common name of lotus is also used for LOTUS and NELUMBO.
A province of Canada on the Pacific coast. Its capital is Victoria. The name given in 1858 derives from the Columbia River which was named by the American captain Robert Gray for his ship Columbia which in turn was named for Columbus. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p178 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p81-2)
The science dealing with the earth and its life, especially the description of land, sea, and air and the distribution of plant and animal life, including humanity and human industries with reference to the mutual relations of these elements. (From Webster, 3d ed)
A genus in the family FILOVIRIDAE consisting of one species (Lake Victoria marburgvirus) with several strains. The genus shows no antigenic cross-reactivity with EBOLAVIRUS.
The relationships of groups of organisms as reflected by their genetic makeup.
Professional nurses who have received postgraduate training in midwifery.
Membrane glycoproteins from influenza viruses which are involved in hemagglutination, virus attachment, and envelope fusion. Fourteen distinct subtypes of HA glycoproteins and nine of NA glycoproteins have been identified from INFLUENZA A VIRUS; no subtypes have been identified for Influenza B or Influenza C viruses.
A republic in eastern Africa, south of SUDAN and west of KENYA. Its capital is Kampala.
Monitoring of rate of occurrence of specific conditions to assess the stability or change in health levels of a population. It is also the study of disease rates in a specific cohort such as in a geographic area or population subgroup to estimate trends in a larger population. (From Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 2d ed)
The enrichment of a terrestrial or aquatic ECOSYSTEM by the addition of nutrients, especially nitrogen and phosphorus, that results in a superabundant growth of plants, ALGAE, or other primary producers. It can be a natural process or result from human activity such as agriculture runoff or sewage pollution. In aquatic ecosystems, an increase in the algae population is termed an algal bloom.
Photosensitive proteins in the membranes of PHOTORECEPTOR CELLS such as the rods and the cones. Opsins have varied light absorption properties and are members of the G-PROTEIN-COUPLED RECEPTORS family. Their ligands are VITAMIN A-based chromophores.
A republic in eastern Africa, south of UGANDA and north of MOZAMBIQUE. Its capital is Dar es Salaam. It was formed in 1964 by a merger of the countries of TANGANYIKA and ZANZIBAR.
A subtype of INFLUENZA A VIRUS with the surface proteins hemagglutinin 1 and neuraminidase 1. The H1N1 subtype was responsible for the Spanish flu pandemic of 1918.
Facilities having programs intended to promote and maintain a state of physical well-being for optimal performance and health.
The property of emitting radiation while being irradiated. The radiation emitted is usually of longer wavelength than that incident or absorbed, e.g., a substance can be irradiated with invisible radiation and emit visible light. X-ray fluorescence is used in diagnosis.
An enzyme that catalyzes the hydrolysis of alpha-2,3, alpha-2,6-, and alpha-2,8-glycosidic linkages (at a decreasing rate, respectively) of terminal sialic residues in oligosaccharides, glycoproteins, glycolipids, colominic acid, and synthetic substrate. (From Enzyme Nomenclature, 1992)
A medical specialty concerned with the hypersensitivity of the individual to foreign substances and protection from the resultant infection or disorder.
Small pumps, often implantable, designed for temporarily assisting the heart, usually the LEFT VENTRICLE, to pump blood. They consist of a pumping chamber and a power source, which may be partially or totally external to the body and activated by electromagnetic motors.
Persistent and disabling ANXIETY.
The teaching staff and members of the administrative staff having academic rank in a medical school.
Educational institutions.
Educational institutions for individuals specializing in the field of medicine.
Works containing information articles on subjects in every field of knowledge, usually arranged in alphabetical order, or a similar work limited to a special field or subject. (From The ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983)
Inorganic compounds that contain calcium as an integral part of the molecule.
The generic term for salts derived from silica or the silicic acids. They contain silicon, oxygen, and one or more metals, and may contain hydrogen. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th Ed)
Substances used to bond COMPOSITE RESINS to DENTAL ENAMEL and DENTIN. These bonding or luting agents are used in restorative dentistry, ROOT CANAL THERAPY; PROSTHODONTICS; and ORTHODONTICS.
Common name for FISHES belonging to the order Perciformes and occurring in three different families.
Permanent roads having a line of rails fixed to ties and laid to gage, usually on a leveled or graded ballasted roadbed and providing a track for freight cars, passenger cars, and other rolling stock. Cars are designed to be drawn by locomotives or sometimes propelled by self-contained motors. (From Webster's 3d) The concept includes the organizational and administrative aspects of railroads as well.
The functions and activities carried out by the U.S. Postal Service, foreign postal services, and private postal services such as Federal Express.
NATIONAL LIBRARY OF MEDICINE service for health professionals and consumers. It links extensive information from the National Institutes of Health and other reviewed sources of information on specific diseases and conditions.

Genetic and antigenic variation of capsid protein VP7 of serotype G1 human rotavirus isolates. (1/700)

The deduced amino acid sequences of the outer capsid protein, VP7, of serotype G1 rotavirus clinical isolates collected over a 6 year period (1990-1995) in Melbourne, Australia, were examined. Phylogenetic analysis characterized the sequences into two discrete clusters representing two of the four global lineages of human G1 VP7 proteins. Antigenic characterization using a panel of serotype G1-specific neutralizing monoclonal antibodies classified lineage II isolates (1990-1993) as monotype G1a while lineage I isolates were classified as monotype G1b (1993-1995). Examination of the sequences of the neutralization epitope regions of VP7 revealed a particular amino acid substitution at residue 94 in region A (Asp --> Ser/Thr) that correlated with lineage and monotype designation. Our results indicated that temporal genetic variation of the VP7 of serotype G1 rotaviruses was associated with changes in the antigenicity of these isolates.  (+info)

Onset of adolescent eating disorders: population based cohort study over 3 years. (2/700)

OBJECTIVE: To study the predictors of new eating disorders in an adolescent cohort. DESIGN: Cohort study over 3 years with six waves. SUBJECTS: Students, initially aged 14-15 years, from 44 secondary schools in the state of Victoria, Australia. OUTCOME MEASURES: Weight (kg), height (cm), dieting (adolescent dieting scale), psychiatric morbidity (revised clinical interview schedule), and eating disorder (branched eating disorders test). Eating disorder (partial syndrome) was defined when a subject met two criteria for either anorexia nervosa or bulimia nervosa according to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, fourth edition (DSM-IV). RESULTS: At the start of the study, 3.3% (29/888) of female subjects and 0.3% (2/811) of male subjects had partial syndromes of eating disorders. The rate of development of new eating disorder per 1000 person years of observation was 21.8 in female subjects and 6.0 in male subjects. Female subjects who dieted at a severe level were 18 times more likely to develop an eating disorder than those who did not diet, and female subjects who dieted at a moderate level were five times more likely to develop an eating disorder than those who did not diet. Psychiatric morbidity predicted the onset of eating disorder independently of dieting status so that those subjects in the highest morbidity category had an almost sevenfold increased risk of developing an eating disorder. After adjustment for earlier dieting and psychiatric morbidity, body mass index, extent of exercise, and sex were not predictive of new eating disorders. CONCLUSIONS: Dieting is the most important predictor of new eating disorders. Differences in the incidence of eating disorders between sexes were largely accounted for by the high rates of earlier dieting and psychiatric morbidity in the female subjects. In adolescents, controlling weight by exercise rather than diet restriction seems to carry less risk of development of eating disorders.  (+info)

Further observations on the epidemiology and spread of epizootic haematopoietic necrosis virus (EHNV) in farmed rainbow trout Oncorhynchus mykiss in southeastern Australia and a recommended sampling strategy for surveillance. (3/700)

Epizootic haematopoietic necrosis virus (EHNV) is an iridovirus confined to Australia and is known only from rainbow trout Oncorhynchus mykiss and redfin perch Perca fluviatilis. Outbreaks of disease caused by EHNV in trout populations have invariably been of low severity, affecting only 0+ post-hatchery phase fingerlings < 125 mm in length. To date the virus has been demonstrated in very few live in-contact fish, and anti-EHNV antibodies have not been found in survivors of outbreaks, suggesting low infectivity but high case fatality rates in trout. During an on-going study on an endemically infected farm (Farm A) in the Murrumbidgee River catchment of southeastern New South Wales, EHNV infection was demonstrated in 4 to 6 wk old trout fingerlings in the hatchery as well as in 1+ to 2+ grower fish. During a separate investigation of mortalities in 1+ to 2+ trout on Farm B in the Shoalhaven River catchment in southeastern New South Wales, EHNV infection was demonstrated in both fingerlings and adult fish in association with nocardiosis. A 0.7% prevalence of antibodies against EHNV was detected by ELISA in the serum of grower fish at this time, providing the first evidence that EHNV might not kill all infected trout. EHNV infection on Farm B occurred after transfer of fingerlings from Farm C in the Murrumbidgee river catchment. When investigated, there were no obvious signs of diseases on Farm C. 'Routine' mortalities were collected over 10 d on Farm C and EHNV was detected in 2.1% of 190 fish. Tracing investigations of sources of supply of fingerlings to Farm B also led to investigation of Farm D in Victoria, where the prevalence of anti-EHNV antibodies in 3+ to 4+ fish was 1.3%. The results of this study indicate that EHNV may be found in trout in all age classes, need not be associated with clinically detectable disease in the population, can be transferred with shipments of live fish, can be detected in a small proportion of 'routine' mortalities and may be associated with specific antibodies in a small proportion of older fish. Sampling to detect EHNV for certification purposes should be based on examination of 'routine' mortalities rather than random samples of live fish. Antigen-capture ELISA can be used as a cost effective screening test to detect EHNV on a farm provided that sampling rates conform with statistical principles.  (+info)

Effects of photographs and written descriptors on melanoma detection. (4/700)

Two studies are reported on the effects of photographic and written information on performance in an experimental melanoma detection task. Subjects were shown slides of four types of skin lesions, including melanoma, and were asked what they would do if the lesion was on their skin. Four response options were provided from seeing a doctor immediately to doing nothing. In Experiment 1, no clear differences in performance were found as a function of prior instruction using four, eight or 16 photographs of each of the four lesion types. In Experiment 2, the effects of written and photographic instructional material were compared. The written material contained descriptions of each lesion type and details of the ABCD criteria for melanoma detection. Eight photographs were provided for each lesion type. Photographic information resulted in superior performance (P < 0.001) for seborrhoeic keratoses and a combination of both types of information was superior (P < 0.05) for melanoma. The two kinds of instructional material produced different effects, suggesting that a brochure offering a combination of photographs and written information is likely to be most useful in helping members of the public identify early melanoma as suspicious.  (+info)

Ischemic stroke risk and passive exposure to spouses' cigarette smoking. Melbourne Stroke Risk Factor Study (MERFS) Group. (5/700)

OBJECTIVES: This study investigated the association between ischemic stroke risk and passive exposure to cigarette smoking. METHODS: Risk factors among 452 hospitalized cases of first-episode ischemic stroke were compared with 452 age- and sex-matched "neighbor-hood" controls. RESULTS: The risk of stroke was twice as high for subjects whose spouses smoked as for those whose spouses did not smoke (95% confidence interval = 1.3, 3.1), after adjustment for the subject's own smoking, heart disease, hypertension, diabetes, and education level. These results were confirmed when analysis was limited to those who never smoked. CONCLUSIONS: These findings provide evidence that spousal smoking may be a significant risk factor for ischemic stroke.  (+info)

The need for cataract surgery: projections based on lens opacity, visual acuity, and personal concern. (6/700)

AIM: To assess the projected needs for cataract surgery by lens opacity, visual acuity, and patient concern. METHODS: Data were collected as part of the Melbourne Visual Impairment Project, a population based study of age related eye disease in a representative sample of Melbourne residents aged 40 and over. Participants were recruited by a household census and invited to attend a local screening centre. At the study sites, the following data were collected: presenting and best corrected visual acuity, visual fields, intraocular pressure, satisfaction with current vision, personal health history and habits, and a standardised eye examination and photography of the lens and fundus. Lens photographs were graded twice and adjudicated to document lens opacities. Cataract was defined as nuclear greater than or equal to standard 2, 4/16 or greater cortical opacity, or any posterior subcapsular opacities. RESULTS: 3271 (83% response) people living in their own homes were examined. The participants ranged in age from 40 to 98 years and 1511 (46.2%) were men. Previous cataract surgery had been performed in 107 (3.4%) of the participants. The overall prevalence of any type of cataract that had not been surgically corrected was 18%. If the presence of cataract as defined was considered the sole criterion for cataract surgery with no reference to visual acuity, there would be 309 cataract operations per 1000 people aged 40 and over (96 eyes of people who were not satisfied with their vision, 210 eyes of people who were satisfied with their vision, and three previous cataract operations). At a visual acuity criterion of less than 6/12 (the vision required to legally drive a car), 48 cataract operations per 1000 would occur and people would be twice as likely to report dissatisfaction with their vision. CONCLUSIONS: Estimates of the need for cataract surgery vary dramatically by level of lens opacity, visual acuity, and patient concern. These data should be useful for the planning of health services.  (+info)

Unintentional poisoning hospitalisations among young children in Victoria. (7/700)

OBJECTIVES: To describe the epidemiology of unintentional childhood poisoning hospitalisation in Victoria, Australia, in order to monitor trends and identify areas for research and prevention. METHODS: For children under 5 years, all Victorian public hospital admissions, July 1987 to June 1995, due to unintentional poisoning by drugs, medicines, and other substances were analysed. Similar cases were also extracted from the database of the Royal Children's Hospital intensive care unit, Melbourne for the years 1979-91. Log linear regression modelling was used for trend analyses. RESULTS: The annual average childhood unintentional poisoning rate was 210.7 per 100,000. Annual rates for males consistently exceeded those for females. The most common agents were those acting on the respiratory system and on smooth and skeletal muscles (muscle relaxants, cough and cold medicines, antiasthmatics), aromatic analgesics (paracetamol), and systemic agents (including antihistamines). Further investigation is justified for cardiac agents, some respiratory agents, and asthma medications. CONCLUSIONS: Childhood poisoning hospitalisation rates have not decreased in Victoria over recent years. A focused, agent specific approach, as well as a series of generic measures for the prevention of poisoning to children under 5 is advocated. The ongoing surveillance, collection and analysis of data, in addition to research on specific poisoning agents are essential components of any prevention strategy.  (+info)

Perinatal and obstetric outcomes of donor insemination using cryopreserved semen in Victoria, Australia. (8/700)

This study compared the perinatal and obstetric outcomes of 1552 donor insemination pregnancies in Victoria, Australia, with a control group of 7717 normally conceived pregnancies from the general population. Data on the outcomes of pregnancies of at least 20 weeks gestation, for both groups, were obtained from the same population-based birth registry. The study showed that there were no significant differences between the donor insemination and control groups in the incidence of preterm birth, low birthweight, multiple birth, perinatal death and birth defects, or in the sex ratio. Pregnancies conceived by donor insemination were significantly more likely than controls to have an induced labour (OR = 1.6, 95% CI 1. 4-1.8), a forceps delivery (OR = 1.5, 95% CI 1.3-1.8) and/or a Caesarean section (OR = 1.6, 95% CI 1.4-1.9) and to develop pre-eclampsia (OR = 1.4, 95% CI 1.2-1.8) after adjusting for maternal age, multiple birth, parity and presentation. Reasons for the higher rate of induced and operative deliveries are not clear. Overall, the study's findings are reassuring for couples considering infertility treatment with donor insemination. The study illustrates the importance of complete follow-up in studies of pregnancy outcomes after assisted conception and the use of appropriate population-based control groups with comparable ascertainment of outcomes.  (+info)

Cancer Council Victoria would like to acknowledge the traditional custodians of the land on which we live and work. We would also like to pay respect to the elders past and present and extend that respect to all other Aboriginal people. ...
Results Out of 20 816 participants, early, intermediate and late AMD were detected at follow-up in 4244 (21%), 2661 (13%) and 122 (0.6%) participants, respectively. No association was detected between past total recreational physical activity and early, intermediate or late AMD. Frequent (≥3 times/week) and less frequent (1-2 times/week) vigorous exercise were associated with lower odds of intermediate and late AMD in univariable models. After controlling for confounders, there was evidence of effect modification by sex and frequent vigorous exercise was associated with a 22% decrease in the odds of intermediate AMD (95% CI 4% to 36%) in women, but no association was found for men. ...
Although there is little evidence to support an association between alcohol consumption and prostate cancer risk, questions remain concerning the effect on aggressive and nonaggressive tumours and the pattern and type of alcohol consumed. In a prospective cohort of 16,872 men aged 27-70 years at rec …
History teaching resources for History Key Stage 2 - The Victorians - with lesson plans. Topics include: life as a Victorian chimney-sweep, Victorian servants, Victorian railways, famous Victorians, Victorian inventions, Queen Victoria, Isambard Kingdom Brunel, Victorian children.
Life Saving Victoria is an Australian life saving organisation formed in 2002 from a merger of the Victorian Branch of the Royal Life Saving Society Australia and Surf Life Saving Victoria. Life Saving Victoria works to prevent drownings and other water related deaths and injuries in Victoria. Life Saving Victoria teaches local communities in Victoria about water safety, swimming and resuscitation. It also provides surf life saving services and patrols for beaches across the state. Life Saving Victoria is an emergency support agency to Victoria Police for water based emergencies. Life Saving Victoria has a network of life saving clubs across the state. There are currently 57 life saving clubs in Victoria. Life saving clubs conduct patrols which are run by 26,000 volunteers. Patrols are conducted from November - April every summer on weekends and public holidays. During the peak-summer period, mid-week patrols may be conducted by paid lifeguards. All lifesavers have a minimum qualification of a ...
A dedicated asbestos taskforce for the Latrobe Valley has got underway, ensuring locals have their say over the removal of dangerous asbestos waste material from former power station and industrial sites.. Today Latrobe Health Advocate and taskforce Chair Jane Anderson kicked off the very first meeting of this important forum that will help boost confidence in the removal of asbestos from industrial sites across the Valley.. A key election commitment from the Andrews Labor Government, the Latrobe Valley Regional Asbestos Forum will bring together government agencies, local groups, councils and unions to make sure there is a consistent and transparent plan for removing and disposing of asbestos contaminated materials from local industrial sites.. The taskforce will design a plan for the management, demolition, transportation and disposal of asbestos waste material from sites including the decommissioned Hazelwood Power Station and the Energy Brix Australia site at Morwell, and ensure the ...
The Victorian Greens are targeting Yallourn as the next coal-fired power station to start closing in 2020 as part of a transition towards 100 per cent renewable energy by 2030.. The Replace Yallourn campaign includes a timetabled schedule for all Latrobe Valley coal stations to start switching off units in the next few years and be completely decommissioned in the next decade.. The Greens also plan to introduce legislation to stop the government from investing in new fossil fuel projects and will push power stations to include clean technologies for the rest of their operating lives.. Instead, the Greens want to turn the Latrobe Valley into a centre for large scale storage by investing $300 million in a battery three times the size of South Australias Tesla battery.. Greens member for Brunswick Tim Read was speaking on behalf of the Greens energy spokeswoman Ellen Sandell who raised the issue several weeks ago at Parliaments first sitting since the November state election.. For the Valley to ...
Like Michael Foucault and Gayle Rubin, Possession, Oscar & Lucinda, and Waterland all condemn Victorian attitudes toward sexuality, managing to include almost all the activities Victorian medical, legal, and social forces deemed improper: chastity is broken (all three), masturbation occurs among the young (Waterland), there are obscene literature and nude paintings (Oscar & Lucinda), and abortion occurs or is rumored to occur in both Waterland and Possession. Clearly, Carey, Byatt, and Swift are invested in contesting the domination of a Victorian regime of sexuality. Although Waterland, Oscar & Lucinda, and Possession each assume a certain degree of familiarity with Victorian literature, the rich material descriptions of even the grotesque elements of nineteenth-century social life, including Victorian sexual life, is indisputably modern. Indeed, Byatt, Carey, and Swifts modes of modern address render their texts significantly revised versions of Victorian literature, even when their ...
Blists Hill Victorian Town ( 31/08/10 ) I invite you to step back in the Victorian Times on a journey through one of the most beautiful, unique and accurate recreation of a Victorian Town at Blists Hill in the County of Shropshire ! This amazing recreation takes place over 55 acres at the very location where the Industry or more precisely the Industrial Revolution took place 200 years ago. Today, the remains of the iconic Blast Furnaces are now derelict cathedrals of brick from a different time standing in silence amongst a Nature that has claimed back its rights but still speak volumes of the misery, unimaginable hard work and sometimes tragedy that accompanied the everyday life of the workers who braved the defeaning sound, the heat and the many dangers of the well named Blast Furnaces. The Blists Hill Victorian Town is an open air museum which presents a unique insight in the everyday life of the Victorians through a wonderful collection of traditional shops ranging from the Chemist to ...
Victoria Alberta Elisabeth Mathilde Marie was born at Windsor Castle on 5 April 1863 and was the eldest daughter of Louis IV, Grand Duke of Hesse and by Rhine, and Alice of the United Kingdom.. When Victoria was born, her mother was visiting England and the baby princess was born in Windsor Castle in the presence of Queen Victoria. Victoria was christened in the Green Drawing Room at Windsor Castle on 27 April and her godparents were Queen Victoria (her grandmother); Mary Adelaide of Cambridge (maternal cousin); Louis III, Grand Duke of Hesse (paternal great-uncle); Albert Edward, the Prince of Wales (maternal uncle); and Heinrich of Hesse and by Rhine (paternal uncle).. When Victoria was three, her family moved into the New Palace at Darmstadt where the princess shared a room with her younger sister, Elisabeth, who was born on 1 November 1864. Victoria and her siblings were well-educated, however their childhood years were marred by war and tragedy, and they were sent to live with their ...
VICTORIA, TEXAS (Victoria County). Victoria, centrally located in Victoria County at the convergence of U.S. highways 59, 77, and 87, is the county seat, the largest city in the central coastal region, and the commercial focus of the surrounding counties. It is also one of the states old, historic cities. The town was named Guadalupe Victoria for the first president of the republic of Mexico and established in 1824 by Martín De León on the Guadalupe River at a site known earlier as Cypress Grove (see DE LEÓNS COLONY). Guadalupe Victoria was platted by José M. J. Carbajal and developed an early importance as a stop on the La Bahía Road, as a stock-raising center, and as a shipping point for the port of Linnville. By 1834 about 300 people were living in the municipality, which was governed by a Council of Ten Friends from 1824 to 1828 and by four alcaldes from 1828 to 1836; the four were Martín and Silvestre De León, Plácido Benavides (elected twice), and John J. Linn. Though primarily a ...
Dear Victorian Ladies, This is a women-only group for all interested in fashion & lifestyle during the Victorian Era. Victoria (Alexandrina Victoria) (24 May 1819 - 22 January 1901) was Queen of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland from 20 June 1837, and Empress of India from 1 January 1877, until her death. Her reign lasted more than sixty-three years, longer than that of any other British monarch. The Victorian era of Great Britain is considered the height of the British industrial revolution and the apex of the British Empire. It is often defined as the years from 1837 to 1901, when Queen Victoria (often referred to as the greatest and most beloved of all the British monarchs) reigned, though many historians believe that the passage of the Reform Act 1832 marks the true inception of a new cultural era. The Victorian era was preceded by the Regency era and came before the Edwardian period. Victoria also had one of the longest, if not the longest, reigns in British history. The fashions of
A research project to examine the associations between cardiovascular disease and coronary heart disease mortality, dietary and other risk factors in The Melbourne Collaborative Cohort Study.
Health,The Victorian Government has taken on the onus of improving the treatm...The detailed statement by the government to be announced soon du...Mr Brumby said The new Victorian Cancer Agency will harness the b...The Governments pre-budget statement will also list out the fundi......,Victorian,Initiative:,Coffers,Are,Ringing,For,an,Upcoming,Cancer,Agency,medicine,medical news today,latest medical news,medical newsletters,current medical news,latest medicine news
Victoria College brings more awareness to my life. Awareness isnt a word that I wouldve been able to relate to until I started going to Victoria College. This institution gave me knowledge and more than what I would need in my chosen profession. Being in Victoria College for only a year and a half opened my eyes in so many aspects. The diversity of the people and their various goals made me appreciate more of what and where I am in life. Moreover, the atmosphere at Victoria College is very friendly and filled with the pursuit of higher education. Having my eyes opened to a greater understanding of matter beyond my intended reach is more than enough to consider myself fortunate. Through the help of certain subtleties and friends whom Ive met from this institution, I have achieved this awareness. The diversity of the student body - from origins and gender to age - made me feel at ease. I didnt have to worry about the fact that Im from the Philippines and have only been in the U.S. for about ...
Step inside and your heart will be assured that Grand Hotel has also been a venue for some nightlife youd do well to find out it is something to almost everyones taste with some of the casino grand hotel victoria an intimate and friendly atmosphere. For cocktails later, you can stay in the casino grand hotel victoria when the casino grand hotel victoria to build a hotels reputation and revenue, thats why we see so many restaurants that are fit for a taste of the casino grand hotel victoria of Paris while they eat. Breakfasts are well-laid out and include meat as well as international meals. If you think being away from it all and enjoy a peaceful nights sleep after a long time and was rebuilt as Ballys Casino resort in 1986.. With a world-class spa and extensive sports. Guest can use any of the casino grand hotel victoria. Even Walt had been stimulated by a causeway. The hotel also helped introduce a futuristic mode of rapid transit in the casino grand hotel victoria. Here youll find ...
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Missing data often cause problems in longitudinal cohort studies with repeated follow-up waves. Research in this area has focussed on analyses with missing data in repeated measures of the outcome, from which participants with missing exposure data are typically excluded. We performed a simulation study to compare complete-case analysis with Multiple imputation (MI) for dealing with missing data in an analysis of the association of waist circumference, measured at two waves, and the risk of colorectal cancer (a completely observed outcome). We generated 1,000 datasets of 41,476 individuals with values of waist circumference at waves 1 and 2 and times to the events of colorectal cancer and death to resemble the distributions of the data from the Melbourne Collaborative Cohort Study. Three proportions of missing data (15, 30 and 50%) were imposed on waist circumference at wave 2 using three missing data mechanisms: Missing Completely at Random (MCAR), and a realistic and a more extreme covariate-dependent
Alcohol consumption is causally linked to several cancers but the evidence for stomach cancer is inconclusive. In our study, the association between long-term alcohol intake and risk of stomach cancer and its subtypes was evaluated. We performed a pooled analysis of data collected at baseline from 491 714 participants in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition and the Melbourne Collaborative Cohort Study. Hazard ratios (HRs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were estimated for incident stomach cancer in relation to lifetime alcohol intake and group-based life course intake trajectories, adjusted for potential confounders including Helicobacter pylori infection. In all, 1225 incident stomach cancers (78% noncardia) were diagnosed over 7 094 637 person-years; 984 in 382 957 study participants with lifetime alcohol intake data (5 455 507 person-years). Although lifetime alcohol intake was not associated with overall stomach cancer risk, we observed a weak positive ...
Alcohol and Age Related Macular Degeneration: The Melbourne Collaborative Cohort Study Am J Epidemiol 176 (4) 2012 20,963 participants aged 40-69 at baseline were examined. Alcohol consumption was determined by structured interview at baseline. Digital macular photographs were taken at baseline and follow up looking for signs of age related macular degeneration (AMD). Drinking more than 1.5 standard drinks per day (20g of alcohol) was associated with a modest 20% increase in odds of early AMD compared to those who reported no drinking at baseline, adjusted for multiple confounders. The association was found for wine, beer and spirits with no differences among men and women. The risk was almost entirely among smokers with no significant effect among non smokers who consumed any amount of alcohol. Other reports have found a reduced risk of AMD among moderate wine drinkers. Effect of Resveratrol on the Fundus Oculi: An Overview Der Ophthalmologe January 27, 2013 (ahead of print, in German) This is ...
Background and Aim: Women who are homozygous for the p.C282Y mutation in the HFE gene are at much lower risk of iron overload-related disease than p.C282Y homozygous men, presumably because of the iron-depleting effects of menstruation and pregnancy. We used data from a population cohort study to model the impact of menstruation cessation at menopause on serum ferritin (SF) levels in female p.C282Y homozygotes, with p.C282Y/p.H63D simple or compound heterozygotes and those with neither p.C282Y nor p.H63D mutations (HFE wild types) as comparison groups. Methods: A sample of the Melbourne Collaborative Cohort Study was selected for the HealthIron study (n = 1438) including all HFE p.C282Y homozygotes plus a random sample stratified by HFE-genotype (p.C282Y and p.H63D). The relationship between the natural logarithm of SF and time since menopause was examined using linear mixed models incorporating spline smoothing. Results: For p.C282Y homozygotes, SF increased by a factor of 3.6 (95% CI (1.8, ...
Age-related macular degeneration. Continuing with the theme of retinal damage, excessive dietary iron intake may increase the risk of AMD according to the Melbourne Collaborative Cohort Study (8). AMD is the number one cause of blindness for people 65 and older. People who consumed the most iron from red meat increased their risk of early AMD by 47 percent. However, due to the low incidence of advanced AMD among study participants, the results for this stage were indeterminate.. I have been frequently asked if unprocessed red meat is better than processed meat. This study showed that both types of red meat were associated with an increased risk. This was a large study with over 5,000 participants ranging in age from 58 to 69.. Cardiovascular disease. Though we have made considerable headway in reducing the risk of cardiovascular disease and even deaths from these diseases, there are a number of modifiable risks that need to be addressed. One of these is iron overload. In the Japan Collaborative ...
The etiology of renal cell carcinoma (RCC) is only partially understood, but a metabolic component appears likely. We investigated biomarkers of one-carbon metabolism and RCC onset and survival. Methods The European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC) recruited 385747 participants with blood samples between 1992 and 2000, and this analysis included 556 RCC case-control pairs. A subsequent replication study included 144 case-control pairs nested within the Melbourne Collaborative Cohort Study (MCCS). Plasma concentrations of vitamin B2, vitamin B6, folate, vitamin B12, methionine and homocysteine were measured in prediagnostic samples and evaluated with respect to RCC risk using conditional and unconditional logistic regression models, and to all-cause mortality in RCC cases using Cox regression models. All statistical tests were two-sided. Results EPIC participants with higher plasma concentrations of vitamin B6 had lower risk of RCC, the odds ratio comparing the 4th and ...
Victorian Shadow Police Minister David Southwick says people are starting to understand they have a premier that is all about himself, all about his self preservation in terms of his leadership and not caring about the ordinary Victorian. He said the Victorian hotel quarantine debacle has been a monumental stuff up by Daniel Andrews. Other states are coming out of lockdown, were locking down 300,000 people. And were doing that because Daniel Andrews has outsourced the security, and effectively the health and wellbeing of Victorians to private security guards. An inquiry has been launched into Melbournes failed hotel quarantine system after it was revealed more than 50 new cases of the coronavirus in Victoria have been linked back to breaches. Image: Getty
The 2021-22 Victorian State Budget handed down on Thursday 20 May 2021 by Treasurer Tim Pallas focuses on the road to recovery, with a number of new or increased tax measures announced.
the dwellings asymmetric roof form facilitates a mezzanine level, and provides volume to the lower level whilst directing views towards the feature skylight at its peak.. The post adam kane architects designs asymmetrical timber cabin in rural victoria appeared first on designboom , architecture & design magazine.. ...
PLANO, TX - July 11, 2016 - NTT DATA, Inc., a leading business and IT services provider, today announced that NTT DATAs subsidiary, Payment Services Victoria, has been awarded a AU$700 million, seven-year contract by the State of Victoria, Australia, and Public Transport Victoria (PTV), to operate the smartcard ticketing system, myki.. The myki smartcard ticketing system was originally built by NTT DATA across Victorias metropolitan and regional centers commencing in December 2008. Today, myki is one of the largest mass transit smartcard ticketing systems in the world with over 12 million active smartcards in circulation and nearly 400 million customer trips completed each year. Since its implementation, NTT DATA has been committed to building and maintaining the current system while focusing on improving the myki customer experience. We take great pride in providing a stable and reliable ticketing system that enables thousands of people to travel on Victorias public transport system every ...
The AFTA Board recently had the pleasure of learning about the mission and accomplishments of volunteer organisation Fishcare Victoria when their extremely passionate Executive Officer, Sarah Van Stokrom attended a meeting to explain all.. Fishcare Victoria aims to provide educational services to the broader community that foster responsible and sustainable fishing practices and promote participation in recreational fishing to the next generation of anglers.. Fishcare Victoria, supported through the Recreational Fishing Licence Fund, leads the way in educating new generations of recreational fishers in responsible and sustainable fishing practices in Victoria. Fishcare commenced in 1995 with a focus on angler education around the highly regarded fishery of the Gippsland Lakes. From this beginning, Fishcare has expanded to encompass five coastal based Fishcare groups and an inland group covering Victorias Central Highland region. All Fishcare groups have a membership base of volunteers and each ...
Victoria Denturist Services - Are you looking for Victoria Denturist Services? We are happy to be of service. Cole Merkley is a denturist in Victoria, BC that uses his artistic nature to craft custom dentures that look and feel great. No Victoria Denturist can guarantee a perfect fit, or 100% chewing function, but Cole uses high quality denture teeth, high quality ingredients and offers unlimited adjustments in the first six months after insertion. Call (250) 478-2114 today and get a free consultation for Victoria Denturist Services at the Westshore Denture Clinic in Langford, BC.
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Few people dispute Victoria will one day soon undergo notable growth. Too many factors simply support the prediction.. Whether that growth will increase or hurt the quality of life here, however, stands as a point of debate. Quality of life, after all, is one of those intangible ideas that differs for most everyone who measures it. For some, an injection of new restaurants, retail outlets and entertainment venues suffices as a turn for the better. For others, the increased crime, traffic and costs to maintain roadways and other municipal services signal a lifestyle setback.. Ray Perryman, a state economist, outlined the general transformations - both good and bad - that cities undergo during periods of growth. For his assessment, he considered Caterpillar and its offshoots, expansion of the local university and Port of Victoria, revitalization of Victorias Main Street and the effects of the nearby Eagle Ford shale.. Each of these advancements should propel the citys population and business ...
Get this from a library! Americas Victoria : remembering Victoria Woodhull. [Victoria Weston; Kate Capshaw; Zoie Films.;] -- In 1872 Victoria Woodhull became the first woman to campaign for US President. An advocate of free love, she was a radical suffragist who refused to restrict her Presidential campaign to the issue ...
We took Victoria into the hospital on this Tuesday a couple of hours before the operation was set to begin. At CHEO, there is a long (seemingly endless, actually) hallway down which patient and family must travel to get to the operating rooms. Making that journey and then giving my child away at the door to the operating area is one of the most difficult tasks Ive ever had to perform. Twice.. They started open-heart surgery on our little girl at 8:00 in the morning and operated for seven long hours. Victoria was undergoing a modification of Dr. Fontans original operation, called Total Cavo-Pulmonary Connection. The cardiovascular surgeon (the same talented fellow that did Victorias Glenn) had intended to put a fenestration into the tunnel created during the operation. However, during surgery, the cardiologist persuaded him not to do that, as he thought Victorias anatomy would not require it. When the operation was done, Victoria was brought into the ICU to recover. The tubes, wires, tape, ...
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A community Carols concert featuring more than 30 local performers will help kick start Latrobe Regional Hospitals annual Christmas Giving campaign.. Organisers of the concert titled The Magic of Christmas have named Latrobe Regional Hospital as its beneficiary.. This year we want to make Christmas more special by holding an afternoon of beautiful Christmas Carols while raising money and giving back to the community, organiser Tony Salvatore said.. We have an ageing population and we know Latrobe Regional Hospital does excellent work in our community so we thought it was a sensible choice to help raise funds for LRH.. We want to get into the festive spirit and make this Christmas complete by giving back. The hospital is aiming to raise $58,000 this Christmas to purchase 28 new beds for the Flynn Unit, the regions only inpatient facility for people requiring acute support for mental health issues. The existing beds are nearly 20 years old.. Latrobe Regional Hospital Board Chair Kellie ...
Victorian Age Prisons. Prisons in the 19 th C entury London. http://www.hrionline.ac.uk/obp-wiki/images/e/e4/Newgate_prison_large.jpg. Why Victorian Prisons?. Victorian Prisons were built for a variety of reasons Crimes Increased from 5,000 crimes per year in 1800 to 20,000 in 1840 Slideshow...
Gender and Sexuality Professor Richard J Evans FBA. I began this series of lectures last Autumn with an account of Thomas Bowdler and his prudish editions of Shakespeare (1) and the way they helped shape Victorian attitudes to gender and sexuality. The popularity of Bowdlers editions suggested that Victorian culture was characterized by a sharp distinction between men and women, the male public sphere and the female private sphere, the sexually active man and the sexually passive woman, all united in a belief in sexual restraint, however hypocritical, a stern moralism, and a reluctance to discuss or exhibit any form of sexuality in public. Victorian became a common synonym for prudery well before the outbreak of the First World War.. Prudery, as Leslie Stephen (2) remarked, is a bad thing, but it was not as bad, he went on to say, as the prurience of Sterne, the laxness of Fielding, the unwholesome atmosphere of Balzac. Charlotte Brontë advised people to avoid the revolting lewd ...
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Victorian and Edwardian Bathrooms. Relegating bathrooms to a separate room in the house did not happen until late in the Victorian era. During the beginning of this time period, bathroom sinks situated in a corner of the bedroom served as a washing station. As the Victorian era -- 1837 to 1901 -- gave way to the ...
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Entdecken Sie Reading Victorian Deafness von Jennifer Esmail und finden Sie Ihren Buchhändler. Reading Victorian Deafness is the first book to address the crucial role that deaf people, and their unique language of signs, played in Victorian culture. Drawing on a range of works, from fiction by Charles Dickens and W
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Joanna Solfrian INSTEAD OF A VICTORIAN NOVEL I WRITE A VICTORIAN POEM There is always a man, slight and dark-socketed, standing by a window, gazing at the mute and luminous moon. Always the room is chandeliered, warm at the center, and the conversation falls in glitters like snowflakes and their infinitesimal knives. The man wishes…
VICTORIA - The Victoria federal byelection has become a messy, smelly and often rancorous campaign with sewage treatment - specifically, Victorias lack of it - emerging as the primary campaign issue.. Sensing shifting political winds as Victorians face huge tax bills to pay for a proposed $783-million treatment plan, candidates have lined up against the proposal.. The pro-environment Green Party is opposed to the treatment plan, with its candidate Donald Galloway saying hes holding out for a better plan.. Conservative candidate Dale Gann started the campaign supporting the treatment plan, but changed his mind at the midway point.. He now says the timing is wrong, which is a bold move, considering Prime Minister Stephen Harper offered to contribute one-third of the funds for the project.. Liberal Paul Summerville, calculating the high-cost concerns of Victoria voters, says the plan is a billion-dollar make-work project for the New Democrats thats based on flawed science.. He wants the whole ...
This is one of the first national studies of diabetic retinopathy in a developed country and one of the few population-based studies of diabetic retinopathy to include an OGTT, allowing for identification of all of those with undiagnosed diabetes. The current study showed that the prevalence of retinopathy was 15.3% (KDM and NDM, types 1 and 2), -24.5% in those with KDM (types 1 and 2) and 6.2% in those with NDM. The prevalence of retinopathy in this population was similar to that found in other population-based studies (9,21-24). In a population-based study of retinopathy from Victoria (the Melbourne Visual Impairment Project [Melbourne VIP]), the prevalence of retinopathy was 29.1% in those with self-reported diabetes (age limited to ≥40 years, types 1 and 2 diabetes) (21). The difference in prevalence between the Melbourne VIP and AusDiab studies disappeared once duration of diabetes was accounted for (Melbourne VIP duration, 0-4 years 9.0% and ≥ 20 years 55.2%; AusDiab study [age limited ...
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While AMD is the leading cause of irreversible blindness in the industrialized world (Klein & Klein, 2004; Maberley et al, 2006; Wong et al, 2014), the cellular and molecular mechanisms that precipitate disease remain incompletely understood despite significant genomewide association studies identifying susceptibility genotypes and target mechanistic pathways (Fritsche et al, 2013, 2016; Sobrin & Seddon, 2014; Black & Clark, 2016). Obesity has long been suspected as a risk factor for AMD, but increased body mass index associations with AMD were inconsistent (Zhang et al, 2016). Using 21,287 participants from the Melbourne Collaborative Cohort Study, it was recently demonstrated that each increase of 0.1 in waist/hip ratio (a measure for abdominal obesity) was associated with a 13% increase in the odds of early AMD and a 75% increase in the odds of late AMD in men, making obesity the second most important environmental risk factor for late AMD after cigarette smoking (Adams et al, ...
While AMD is the leading cause of irreversible blindness in the industrialized world (Klein & Klein, 2004; Maberley et al, 2006; Wong et al, 2014), the cellular and molecular mechanisms that precipitate disease remain incompletely understood despite significant genomewide association studies identifying susceptibility genotypes and target mechanistic pathways (Fritsche et al, 2013, 2016; Sobrin & Seddon, 2014; Black & Clark, 2016). Obesity has long been suspected as a risk factor for AMD, but increased body mass index associations with AMD were inconsistent (Zhang et al, 2016). Using 21,287 participants from the Melbourne Collaborative Cohort Study, it was recently demonstrated that each increase of 0.1 in waist/hip ratio (a measure for abdominal obesity) was associated with a 13% increase in the odds of early AMD and a 75% increase in the odds of late AMD in men, making obesity the second most important environmental risk factor for late AMD after cigarette smoking (Adams et al, ...
A FREEZE on funding to a key mental health program could threaten its expansion in the Latrobe Valley.. The Australian College of Mental Health Nurses has accused the Federal Government of delivering an unconscionable freeze on funding to the Mental Health Nurse Incentive Program in its 2012-13 budget.. It is understood there are about 10 mental health nurses currently delivering the MHNIP across Gippsland, including several with Headspace and a number within the Central West Gippsland Division of General Practice.. While a CWGDGP spokesperson acknowledged the colleges concerns, she told The Express last week the potential local impact of the funding decision was so far unknown as it had not yet received formal notification from the government.. However, college chief executive Adjunct Associate Professor Kim Ryan, said the budget allocated just $17 million in additional funding to the MHNIP, which meant no new nurses and no new organisations will be able to deliver vital services to ...
Find items like Victoria & Albert: A Royal Love Affair and read 2 reviews with a 5/5 star rating at Daedalus Books. Their match may have been arranged, but the royal union between Victoria and Albert was a corset ripping relationship between two extremely strong willed people. Cowritten by series creator Daisy Goodwin, this companion to the second season of the PBS Masterpiece drama Victoria reveals that though they were opposites, together Victoria and Albert became a phenomenally successful royal couple. Their abiding respect and passion enabled them to endure national and international crises, numerous assassination attempts on Victoria, and her depressions after the births of her many children. Fans can delve deeper into the series through behind the scenes glimpses, profiles of major characters, and cast and crew interviews.
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Victoria University is a multi-sector institution allowing you to begin your studies at the level that is right for you and then work toward your goals. It is one of the largest and most culturally diverse education institutions in Australia. Victoria University has three campuses in the heart of Melbourne and eight others all easily accessible by public transport. We are proud to deliver courses and research opportunities that are locally relevant and globally significant. Learning in the workplace and community is a key feature of all courses to ensure students are prepared for life after graduation. Provider Information. A great place to study, Victoria University is a vibrant, multicultural university based in Melbourne, the capital city of the state of Victoria, Australia.. Main countries of origin. China, Vietnam, India, Saudi Arabia, Malaysia, Indonesia, Pakistan, Korea, Germany, Philippines, Sri Lanka, Mauritius, Thailand, Papua New Guinea, Iran.. International student services. The ...
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The Victorian Agency for Health Information was created as part of Victorian Government reforms to overhaul quality and safety across Victorias healthcare system. By analysing and sharing information across Victorias healthcare system, we will build an accurate picture of hospital and health service performance. Our initiatives will enhance the flow of timely, accurate and meaningful information to those responsible for health service oversight including health service boards, management and clinicians ...
Opposition spokesperson on LGBTI issues Martin Foley blasted the party during question time on Tuesday after praising Victoria Police for their apology earlier this week for the infamous 1994 Tasty raid.. On 30 August, we will see the chief law officer of this state open a conference for and welcome to Victoria one of the most hateful, extreme groups that regards, in particular, LGBTI communities as abhorrent, Foley said.. They (the Liberal Party) have forgotten those Victorians on the margins. They have forgotten Victorians whose sexuality and gender identity place them beyond the mainstream, and they are run by an anti-gay, anti-lesbian hate faction that controls their destiny.. Foley also specifically criticised the governments 2011 amendments to the states Equal Opportunity Act to expand exemptions for religious organisations to discriminate against many LGBTI people.. Other high-profile political speakers at the WCF conference will be Federal Minister for Social Services Kevin ...
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The Garry oak (Quercus garryana) is a species of oak tree native to North Americas Pacific coast. Its range in Canada is limited to the east coast of Vancouver Island, the southern Gulf Islands, and two isolated groves in the Fraser River valley. It is most widespread and conspicuous in Greater Victoria, the urban area centred around the city of Victoria, British Columbia. Garry oaks themselves and areas of relatively undisturbed land containing Garry oaks are threatened in Victoria by a number of factors including land development, the trees unpopularity as an ornamental species, and fire suppression. The Garry oaks predicament provides rationale for the central goal of this thesis, which is to explore how people have known these trees in the 165 years since Fort Victoria was established. Using a range of print sources, I identify five prominent areas of knowledge about the tree, or Garry oak cultures. These are: Garry oaks as significant of Britishness, Garry oaks as known through science, ...
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Victoria Episode Summaries Guide & TV Show Schedule: The ambitious eight-part drama follows the early life of Queen Victoria, from her accession to the throne at the tender age of 18 through to her courtship and marriage to Prince Albert. Victoria went on to rule for 63 years, and was our longest-serving monarch until she was overtaken by Elizabeth II on 9th September this year.
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Systematic problems have been identified in Victorias road safety data system collection, collation and management which have led to problems in the measurement of serious injury. In particular, measurement of the severity of injury sustained in road crashes for the purpose of monitoring the road toll and trends in road trauma relies largely on the classification of injury outcome by police when reporting a crash. As a consequence trends in serious injury, a key outcome measure of performance in the Victorian road safety strategy, may not reflect actual serious injury trends or the effectiveness of the strategy. Previous research has described a range of alternative measures of serious injury that could potentially be calculated consistently over time from Victorian road safety data sources. These include those related to resource use, threat to life and the non-fatal burden of injury. This paper outlines data requirements required to calculate alternative measures of serious injury that could ...
On the discussion list Victoria Stephen Basdeo suggested the following articles and books about air pollution. Brimblecombe, Peter. Late Victorian Air Pollution in Smoke and Mirrors: the Politics and Culture of Air Pollution. Ed. E. Melanie DuPuis. New York: New York University Press, 2004. Lewis, Jim. Water and Waste: Four Hundred Years of Health Improvements in the Lea Valley. London: Middlesex University Press, 2009. Luckin, Bill. Revisiting the Idea of Degeneration in Urban Britain, 1830-1900. Urban History 33: 2 (2006): 234-52. Luckin, Bill. The heart and home of horror: The great London fogs of the late nineteenth century. Social History 28: 1 (2003): 31-48. Mosley, Stephen. The Chimney of the World: A History of Smoke Pollution in Victorian and Edwardian Manchester. London: Routledge, 2001. Stephen Mosley, A Disaster in Slow Motion: The Smoke Menace in Urban Industrial Britain in Learning and Calamities: Practices, Interpretations, Patterns. Ed. Heike Egner, Marén Schorch, ...
Victoria completed her medical training at the University of Melbourne and commenced specialty training in obstetrics and gynaecology at the Royal Womens Hospital, Melbourne. During her training, Victoria completed a Master of Public Health & Tropical Medicine and volunteered at the Honiara Referral Hospital, in the Solomon Islands. In 2017, Victoria moved to Adelaide and completed her advanced obstetrics training at the Womens and Childrens Hospital where she now works as a consultant obstetrician. She is currently undertaking further training in obstetric & gynaecological ultrasound. ...
Levels of climate science literacy in the community are generally poor and the Victorian government needs to do a great deal more to explain the risks we face and the consequences of inaction, or inadequate action. If the Victorian community is to treat climate change seriously then the government must do the same. Leaders do not wait for others to act first. People will only treat climate change seriously if they are shown a serious example -therefore the government must do everything it can to act to address climate change and publicise that it is doing so. There are not only challenges however; there are tremendous opportunties offered by teh transition to a zero carbon economy for jurisdictions that create the policy settings to take advantage of that. You cant win by starting last. Adoption of Micro Measures - Cheap, Cost Reducing or Same Price Options that Involve a Shift In behaviour There are many micro measures as well as bigger picture issues that need to be addressed. In isolation ...
Levels of climate science literacy in the community are generally poor and the Victorian government needs to do a great deal more to explain the risks we face and the consequences of inaction, or inadequate action. If the Victorian community is to treat climate change seriously then the government must do the same. Leaders do not wait for others to act first. People will only treat climate change seriously if they are shown a serious example -therefore the government must do everything it can to act to address climate change and publicise that it is doing so. There are not only challenges however; there are tremendous opportunties offered by teh transition to a zero carbon economy for jurisdictions that create the policy settings to take advantage of that. You cant win by starting last. Adoption of Micro Measures - Cheap, Cost Reducing or Same Price Options that Involve a Shift In behaviour There are many micro measures as well as bigger picture issues that need to be addressed. In isolation ...
Pop historian Therese Oneill used to romanticize the Victorian era - until she took a deep dive into the reality of life with inadequate hygiene in a decidedly filthy period in Western history. From crotchless underwear and corncob toilet paper to ingesting tapeworms as a weight-loss plan, the curious writer discovered that even a woman of means suffered a slew of indignities.. Oneill paints a vivid picture of the pungent odors of the day, from the sulfur-choked air to the fecal-laden streets and waterways. A lady would only take a bath every few weeks - sponging off in the meantime - and rarely washed her hair. When she did, it was with a formula of diluted ammonia, so corrosive it would have stripped several layers of skin along with grime from the hair. The alternative was onion juice - a suitable ingredient, perhaps, to accompany the raw beef face masks favored by older women. Lead, carbolic acid and lemon juice also factored into the Victorian beauty regime.. These grim details about ...
Besides all the new methods being created for photography another interesting thing that was happening was that women were taking up photography as a career. In the 19th century women were usually just housewives; their job was to take care of their family and the household, but with photography women began to do more. Some women even became very well known as a photographer such as Julia Margaret Cameron who didnt start her career in photography till late in her life, but still was very influential with her photos. Julia took up photography when she was forty-eight years old because her daughter gave her a camera as a gift. Julia was a classic Victorian wife who was devoted to her six children and her husband, but at the age of forty-eight she had the freedom to seek out her own pleasures because all her children were married and all grown up. Julia is a great example of the strength and elegant character of women back in the 19th century because she only started taking photos as a hobby, but ...
I picked up this Victorian trade card for its mention of female infirmities, and the image of a womans face behind shattered glass. I havent read up much on the idea of Victorian female hysteria, but it seems like it was a catch-all disorder for any female who behaved in a way that was unexpected for the time. As someone who thinks that the idea of female infirmities is greatly exaggerated, Im going to end with a quote from the movie Jennifers Body. ...
English Victorian cameo glass and sterling silver perfume bottle, ca 1890. Globular; short neck in sterling silver collar and hinged cover with vacant top and repousse scrollwork. Glass is pinkish red with white Japonesque blossoming branch. Dimensions: H 4 1/2 x D 3 5/8 in. The item Victorian Perfume Antique Bottle English Red Cameo Glass & Sterling Silver is in sale since Friday, November 6, 2020.. This item is in the category Antiques\Silver\Non-U. The seller is nelson-and-nelson-antiques and is located in New York, New York. This item can be shipped worldwide. ...
David Bebbington, longtime professor of history at the University of Stirling in Scotland, is arguably the leading historian of evangelicalism in the British world. His famous evangelical quadrilateral of biblicism, crucicentrism, conversionism, and activism has enjoyed wide acceptance by many scholars while provoking ongoing debate among others. The same could be said of his contention that modern evangelicalism was incubated by the Enlightenment and birthed during the eighteenth-century transatlantic awakenings. In Victorian Nonconformity, a revision of previously published material, Bebbington focuses his attention upon (mostly) evangelicals who worshiped outside the Church of England during the latter two-thirds of the nineteenth century.. Bebbington argues, Victorian Nonconformity was an attempt to create a Christian counter-culture (p. 2). With the exception of the Unitarians, the Dissenters (as they were also called) were by and large evangelicals of the Methodist, Congregationalist, ...
Victorian antique style sapphire and diamond carved half hoop ring for a vintage inspired sapphire engagement ring. Made in Britain & ready to buy in London or online.
Shop One Allium Way Rectangle French Victorian Wall Mirror; 40 H x 30 W at Staples. Choose from our wide selection of One Allium Way Rectangle French Victorian Wall Mirror; 40 H x 30 W and get fast & free shipping on select orders.
Laughing Moon #117 - Ladies Victorian Ball Gowns - Sewing Pattern. Ideal for Dickens costumes, Civil War reenactments, and victorian garb. 1840-1863 Ball Gown with 2 bodice variations and 5 sleeve variations. This dress was copied from an existing ball
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The Norah Victorian Copper Slipper Clawfoot Tub features a hand-polished patina and intricately detailed claw feet, in a beautiful Victorian style. The interior is nickel, which produces a reflective, silvery-white appearance.
Current local time in Australia - Victoria - Melbourne. Get Melbournes weather and area codes, time zone and DST. Explore Melbournes sunrise and sunset, moonrise and moonset.
Outside School Hours Care - Melbourne - Melbourne CBD, Victoria - Do you want to join our casual pool of 100 outside school hours care assistants & ...
Dr Andrew Huo at MWLC in Melbourne, Bendigo, and Geelong, Victoria perform hiatus hernia repair, anti-reflux and other upper GI surgeries.
Training Life Saving Victoria. Compass School Manager Email HAP We look forward to welcoming you to Collingwood College as we celebrate our 2018 Spring Fair on Sunday the 16th of September from, Rock and Water Training. Skip to main content. Home; WHAT IS ROCK AND WATER. life goals, desires and following an inner compass.. Events Pick My Project: Vote for the Boats †Alamanda College and Wyndham Harbour Sailing Program Pick My Project: Vote for the Boats †Alamanda College and Events Pick My Project: Vote for the Boats †Alamanda College and Wyndham Harbour Sailing Program Pick My Project: Vote for the Boats †Alamanda College and. Food Safety Victoria Amendment Act 2001, school canteens in Victoria organisations that provide food safety training, Training manual issued to Training Manual - Fitters 11E Flight Mechanics Course protective transit case to suit a plane table compass as used by surveyors. Compass User Manual †Scorecard and Reports I:\Compass\Business ...
Augusta Victoria Compound is a church-hospital complex located on the southern side of Mount of Olives in East Jerusalem. The compound was built in 1907-1914 by the Empress Augusta Victoria Foundation as a center for the German Protestant community in Ottoman Palestine, in addition to the slightly older Church of the Redeemer from Jerusalems Old City. Apart from the hospital, today the complex also includes the German Protestant Church of the Ascension with a c. 50 metre high belltower, a meeting centre for pilgrims and tourists, an interreligious kindergarten and a café, as well as the Jerusalem branch of the German Protestant Institute of Archaeology. Throughout much of its history, the compound was used first and foremost as a hospital, either by the military (during the First and Second World Wars and during Jordanian rule), or for Palestinian refugees and general public (from 1950 until today), and at times also as a government or military headquarters (1915-1927). Today, August Victoria ...
Have your say on the alcohol application for Little Penang on Victoria, 173 Victoria Street, Te Aro. Applications close at 12 midnight on 16 August.
Gariepy was born around 1824 and entered the service of the Hudsons Bay Company in 1841 at Sorel, Quebec. He served as a middleman at Stikine before being transferred to Fort Victoria in 1843 where he assisted in the construction of the new fort. In 1844 Finlayson reprimanded Gariepy following an incident involving a Milbank Indian who had his arm severely injured by the brutality of a scamp the name of Garipie. In March of the following year Gariepy was the subject of the first recorded application of corporal punishment at Fort Victoria when Finlayson administered 3 ½ dozen lashes for mistreating a Native lad and then attacking him (Finlayson). Gariepy was, as a result, sent to Fort Vancouver in irons. Its not recorded how or when he returned to Fort Victoria. Though no marriage is recorded in the Journal, a reference to Garipies wife occurs on May 10, 1848, when her death was noted - apparently a victim of the measles epidemic. Gariepy retired from the service of the Company in ...

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