A genus of VIBRIONACEAE, made up of short, slightly curved, motile, gram-negative rods. Various species produce cholera and other gastrointestinal disorders as well as abortion in sheep and cattle.
The etiologic agent of CHOLERA.
Infections with bacteria of the genus VIBRIO.
A species of bacteria found in the marine environment, sea foods, and the feces of patients with acute enteritis.
A species of halophilic bacteria in the genus VIBRIO, which lives in warm SEAWATER. It can cause infections in those who eat raw contaminated seafood or have open wounds exposed to seawater.
Strains of VIBRIO CHOLERAE containing O ANTIGENS group 1. All are CHOLERA-causing strains (serotypes). There are two biovars (biotypes): cholerae and eltor (El Tor).
A species of gram-negative, halophilic bacteria, in the genus VIBRIO. It is considered part of normal marine flora and commonly associated with ear infections and superficial wounds exposed to contaminated water sources.
An acute diarrheal disease endemic in India and Southeast Asia whose causative agent is VIBRIO CHOLERAE. This condition can lead to severe dehydration in a matter of hours unless quickly treated.
Strains of VIBRIO CHOLERAE containing O ANTIGENS group 139. This strain emerged in India in 1992 and caused a CHOLERA epidemic.
A species of gram-negative bacteria in the genus VIBRIO, isolated from SHELLFISH, as well as from human diarrheal stools and ear infections.
A strain of the VIBRIO CHOLERAE bacteria belonging to serogroup non-O1, infecting humans and other PRIMATES. It is related to VIBRIO CHOLERAE O1, but causes a disease less severe than CHOLERA. Eating raw shellfish contaminated with the bacteria results in GASTROENTERITIS.
A species of gram-negative bacteria in the genus ALIIVIBRIO, which exhibits LUMINESCENCE. A. fischeri is found in a symbiotic relationship with the SQUID Euprymna scolopes.
A family of marine mollusks in the class BIVALVIA, commonly known as oysters. They have a rough irregular shell closed by a single adductor muscle.
An ENTEROTOXIN from VIBRIO CHOLERAE. It consists of two major protomers, the heavy (H) or A subunit and the B protomer which consists of 5 light (L) or B subunits. The catalytic A subunit is proteolytically cleaved into fragments A1 and A2. The A1 fragment is a MONO(ADP-RIBOSE) TRANSFERASE. The B protomer binds cholera toxin to intestinal epithelial cells, and facilitates the uptake of the A1 fragment. The A1 catalyzed transfer of ADP-RIBOSE to the alpha subunits of heterotrimeric G PROTEINS activates the production of CYCLIC AMP. Increased levels of cyclic AMP are thought to modulate release of fluid and electrolytes from intestinal crypt cells.
Aquatic invertebrates belonging to the phylum MOLLUSCA or the subphylum CRUSTACEA, and used as food.
The presence of bacteria, viruses, and fungi in water. This term is not restricted to pathogenic organisms.
Proteins found in any species of bacterium.
The salinated water of OCEANS AND SEAS that provides habitat for marine organisms.
Deoxyribonucleic acid that makes up the genetic material of bacteria.
Proteins from BACTERIA and FUNGI that are soluble enough to be secreted to target ERYTHROCYTES and insert into the membrane to form beta-barrel pores. Biosynthesis may be regulated by HEMOLYSIN FACTORS.
Vaccines or candidate vaccines used to prevent infection with VIBRIO CHOLERAE. The original cholera vaccine consisted of killed bacteria, but other kinds of vaccines now exist.
Any of the processes by which cytoplasmic or intercellular factors influence the differential control of gene action in bacteria.
Descriptions of specific amino acid, carbohydrate, or nucleotide sequences which have appeared in the published literature and/or are deposited in and maintained by databanks such as GENBANK, European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), National Biomedical Research Foundation (NBRF), or other sequence repositories.
The functional hereditary units of BACTERIA.
The degree of pathogenicity within a group or species of microorganisms or viruses as indicated by case fatality rates and/or the ability of the organism to invade the tissues of the host. The pathogenic capacity of an organism is determined by its VIRULENCE FACTORS.
A phenomenon where microorganisms communicate and coordinate their behavior by the accumulation of signaling molecules. A reaction occurs when a substance accumulates to a sufficient concentration. This is most commonly seen in bacteria.
Diseases of freshwater, marine, hatchery or aquarium fish. This term includes diseases of both teleosts (true fish) and elasmobranchs (sharks, rays and skates).
A superorder of CEPHALOPODS comprised of squid, cuttlefish, and their relatives. Their distinguishing feature is the modification of their fourth pair of arms into tentacles, resulting in 10 limbs.
Cultivation of natural faunal resources of water. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)
Common name for an order (Anguilliformes) of voracious, elongate, snakelike teleost fishes.
A multistage process that includes cloning, physical mapping, subcloning, determination of the DNA SEQUENCE, and information analysis.
Procedures for identifying types and strains of bacteria. The most frequently employed typing systems are BACTERIOPHAGE TYPING and SEROTYPING as well as bacteriocin typing and biotyping.
A whiplike motility appendage present on the surface cells. Prokaryote flagella are composed of a protein called FLAGELLIN. Bacteria can have a single flagellum, a tuft at one pole, or multiple flagella covering the entire surface. In eukaryotes, flagella are threadlike protoplasmic extensions used to propel flagellates and sperm. Flagella have the same basic structure as CILIA but are longer in proportion to the cell bearing them and present in much smaller numbers. (From King & Stansfield, A Dictionary of Genetics, 4th ed)
Any liquid or solid preparation made specifically for the growth, storage, or transport of microorganisms or other types of cells. The variety of media that exist allow for the culturing of specific microorganisms and cell types, such as differential media, selective media, test media, and defined media. Solid media consist of liquid media that have been solidified with an agent such as AGAR or GELATIN.
The study of microorganisms living in a variety of environments (air, soil, water, etc.) and their pathogenic relationship to other organisms including man.
Emission of LIGHT when ELECTRONS return to the electronic ground state from an excited state and lose the energy as PHOTONS. It is sometimes called cool light in contrast to INCANDESCENCE. LUMINESCENT MEASUREMENTS take advantage of this type of light emitted from LUMINESCENT AGENTS.
Those components of an organism that determine its capacity to cause disease but are not required for its viability per se. Two classes have been characterized: TOXINS, BIOLOGICAL and surface adhesion molecules that effect the ability of the microorganism to invade and colonize a host. (From Davis et al., Microbiology, 4th ed. p486)
The relationships of groups of organisms as reflected by their genetic makeup.
The sequence of PURINES and PYRIMIDINES in nucleic acids and polynucleotides. It is also called nucleotide sequence.
The largest order of CRUSTACEA, comprising over 10,000 species. They are characterized by three pairs of thoracic appendages modified as maxillipeds, and five pairs of thoracic legs. The order includes the familiar shrimps, crayfish (ASTACOIDEA), true crabs (BRACHYURA), and lobsters (NEPHROPIDAE and PALINURIDAE), among others.
Low-molecular-weight compounds produced by microorganisms that aid in the transport and sequestration of ferric iron. (The Encyclopedia of Molecular Biology, 1994)
Proteins isolated from the outer membrane of Gram-negative bacteria.
The order of amino acids as they occur in a polypeptide chain. This is referred to as the primary structure of proteins. It is of fundamental importance in determining PROTEIN CONFORMATION.
The lipopolysaccharide-protein somatic antigens, usually from gram-negative bacteria, important in the serological classification of enteric bacilli. The O-specific chains determine the specificity of the O antigens of a given serotype. O antigens are the immunodominant part of the lipopolysaccharide molecule in the intact bacterial cell. (From Singleton & Sainsbury, Dictionary of Microbiology and Molecular Biology, 2d ed)
Viruses whose hosts are bacterial cells.
Proteins that are structural components of bacterial fimbriae (FIMBRIAE, BACTERIAL) or sex pili (PILI, SEX).
A genus of gram-negative, facultatively anaerobic, rod-shaped bacteria that are common in the marine environment and on the surfaces and in the intestinal contents of marine animals. Some species are bioluminescent and are found as symbionts in specialized luminous organs of fish.
Techniques used for determining the values of photometric parameters of light resulting from LUMINESCENCE.
The presence of bacteria, viruses, and fungi in food and food products. This term is not restricted to pathogenic organisms: the presence of various non-pathogenic bacteria and fungi in cheeses and wines, for example, is included in this concept.
Marine fish and shellfish used as food or suitable for food. (Webster, 3d ed) SHELLFISH and FISH PRODUCTS are more specific types of SEAFOOD.
Enumeration by direct count of viable, isolated bacterial, archaeal, or fungal CELLS or SPORES capable of growth on solid CULTURE MEDIA. The method is used routinely by environmental microbiologists for quantifying organisms in AIR; FOOD; and WATER; by clinicians for measuring patients' microbial load; and in antimicrobial drug testing.
A species of gram-negative, facultatively anaerobic, rod-shaped bacteria (GRAM-NEGATIVE FACULTATIVELY ANAEROBIC RODS) commonly found in the lower part of the intestine of warm-blooded animals. It is usually nonpathogenic, but some strains are known to produce DIARRHEA and pyogenic infections. Pathogenic strains (virotypes) are classified by their specific pathogenic mechanisms such as toxins (ENTEROTOXIGENIC ESCHERICHIA COLI), etc.
Process of determining and distinguishing species of bacteria or viruses based on antigens they share.
A family of CRUSTACEA, order DECAPODA, comprising the penaeid shrimp. Species of the genus Penaeus are the most important commercial shrimp throughout the world.
An increased liquidity or decreased consistency of FECES, such as running stool. Fecal consistency is related to the ratio of water-holding capacity of insoluble solids to total water, rather than the amount of water present. Diarrhea is not hyperdefecation or increased fecal weight.

Reassessment of the taxonomic position of Vibrio iliopiscarius (Onarheim et al. 1994) and proposal for Photobacterium iliopiscarium comb. nov. (1/1761)

The phylogenetic position of Vibrio iliopiscarius was inferred by the maximum-likelihood, maximum-parsimony and neighbour-joining methods on the basis of almost complete 16S rRNA gene sequences. The results showed that this species falls into the same cluster as Photobacterium species and is clearly distinct from other Vibrio species. Its nearest phylogenetic neighbour is Photobacterium phosphoreum. From these results, it is concluded that V. iliopiscarius should be reclassified as Photobacterium iliopiscarium comb. nov., the type strain of which is PS1T (= ATCC 51760T).  (+info)

Inhibition of vibrio anguillarum by Pseudomonas fluorescens AH2, a possible probiotic treatment of fish. (2/1761)

To study the possible use of probiotics in fish farming, we evaluated the in vitro and in vivo antagonism of antibacterial strain Pseudomonas fluorescens strain AH2 against the fish-pathogenic bacterium Vibrio anguillarum. As iron is important in virulence and bacterial interactions, the effect of P. fluorescens AH2 was studied under iron-rich and iron-limited conditions. Sterile-filtered culture supernatants from iron-limited P. fluorescens AH2 inhibited the growth of V. anguillarum, whereas sterile-filtered supernatants from iron-replete cultures of P. fluorescens AH2 did not. P. fluorescens AH2 inhibited the growth of V. anguillarum during coculture, independently of the iron concentration, when the initial count of the antagonist was 100 to 1, 000 times greater that of the fish pathogen. These in vitro results were successfully repeated in vivo. A probiotic effect in vivo was tested by exposing rainbow trout (Oncorynchus mykiss Walbaum) to P. fluorescens AH2 at a density of 10(5) CFU/ml for 5 days before a challenge with V. anguillarum at 10(4) to 10(5) CFU/ml for 1 h. Some fish were also exposed to P. fluorescens AH2 at 10(7) CFU/ml during the 1-h infection. The combined probiotic treatment resulted in a 46% reduction of calculated accumulated mortality; accumulated mortality was 25% after 7 days at 12 degrees C in the probiotic-treated fish, whereas mortality was 47% in fish not treated with the probiont.  (+info)

Effects of salinity and temperature on long-term survival of the eel pathogen Vibrio vulnificus biotype 2 (serovar E). (3/1761)

Vibrio vulnificus biotype 2 (serovar E) is a primary eel pathogen. In this study, we performed long-term survival experiments to investigate whether the aquatic ecosystem can be a reservoir for this bacterium. We have used microcosms containing water of different salinities (ranging from 0.3 to 3.8%) maintained at three temperatures (12, 25, and 30 degrees C). Temperature and salinity significantly affected long-term survival: (i) the optimal salinity for survival was 1.5%; (ii) lower salinities reduced survival, although they were nonlethal; and (ii) the optimal temperature for survival was dependent on the salinity (25 degrees C for microcosms at 0.3 and 0.5% and 12 degrees C for microcosms at 1.5 to 3.8%). In the absence of salts, culturability dropped to zero in a few days, without evidence of cellular lysis. Under optimal conditions of salinity and temperature, the bacterium was able to survive in the free-living form for at least 3 years. The presence of a capsule on the bacterial cell seemed to confer an advantage, since the long-term survival rate of opaque variants was significantly higher than that of translucent ones. Long-term-starved cells maintained their infectivity for eels (as determined by both intraperitoneal and immersion challenges) and mice. Examination under the microscope showed that (i) the capsule was maintained, (ii) the cell size decreased, (iii) the rod shape changed to coccuslike along the time of starvation, and (iv) membrane vesicles and extracellular material were occasionally produced. In conclusion, V. vulnificus biotype 2 follows a survival strategy similar to that of biotype 1 of this species in response to starvation conditions in water. Moreover, the aquatic ecosystem is one of its reservoirs.  (+info)

Randomly amplified polymorphic DNA analysis of clinical and environmental isolates of Vibrio vulnificus and other vibrio species. (4/1761)

Vibrio vulnificus is an estuarine bacterium that is capable of causing a rapidly fatal infection in humans. A randomly amplified polymorphic DNA (RAPD) PCR protocol was developed for use in detecting V. vulnificus, as well as other members of the genus Vibrio. The resulting RAPD profiles were analyzed by using RFLPScan software. This RAPD method clearly differentiated between members of the genus Vibrio and between isolates of V. vulnificus. Each V. vulnificus strain produced a unique band pattern, indicating that the members of this species are genetically quite heterogeneous. All of the vibrios were found to have amplification products whose sizes were within four common molecular weight ranges, while the V. vulnificus strains had an additional two molecular weight range bands in common. All of the V. vulnificus strains isolated from clinical specimens produced an additional band that was only occasionally found in environmental strains; this suggests that, as is the case with the Kanagawa hemolysin of Vibrio parahaemolyticus, the presence of this band may be correlated with the ability of a strain to produce an infection in humans. In addition, band pattern differences were observed between encapsulated and nonencapsulated isogenic morphotypes of the same strain of V. vulnificus.  (+info)

Arbitrarily primed PCR to type Vibrio spp. pathogenic for shrimp. (5/1761)

A molecular typing study on Vibrio strains implicated in shrimp disease outbreaks in New Caledonia and Japan was conducted by using AP-PCR (arbitrarily primed PCR). It allowed rapid identification of isolates at the genospecies level and studies of infraspecific population structures of epidemiological interest. Clusters identified within the species Vibrio penaeicida were related to their area of origin, allowing discrimination between Japanese and New Caledonian isolates, as well as between those from two different bays in New Caledonia separated by only 50 km. Other subclusters of New Caledonian V. penaeicida isolates could be identified, but it was not possible to link those differences to accurate epidemiological features. This contribution of AP-PCR to the study of vibriosis in penaeid shrimps demonstrates its high discriminating power and the relevance of the epidemiological information provided. This approach would contribute to better knowledge of the ecology of Vibrio spp. and their implication in shrimp disease in aquaculture.  (+info)

Isolation of Vibrio vulnificus serovar E from aquatic habitats in Taiwan. (6/1761)

The existence of strains of Vibrio vulnificus serovar E that are avirulent for eels is reported in this work. These isolates were recovered from water and oysters and differed from eel virulent strains in (i) fermentation and utilization of mannitol, (ii) ribotyping after HindIII digestion, and (iii) susceptibility to eel serum. Lipopolysaccharide of these strains lacked the highest molecular weight immunoreactive bands, which are probably involved in serum resistance.  (+info)

Mechanosensitive channel functions to alleviate the cell lysis of marine bacterium, Vibrio alginolyticus, by osmotic downshock. (7/1761)

The mechanosensitive channel with large conductance of Escherichia coli is the first to be cloned among stretch-activated channels. Although its activity was characterized by a patch clamp method, a physiological role of the channel has not been proved. The marine bacterium, Vibrio alginolyticus, is sensitive to osmotic stress and cell lysis occurs under osmotic downshock. We introduced an mscL gene into Vibrio alginolyticus, and the mechanosensitive channel with large conductance functions was found to alleviate cell lysis by osmotic downshock. This is the first report to show a physiological role of the mechanosensitive channel with large conductance.  (+info)

The polar flagellar motor of Vibrio cholerae is driven by an Na+ motive force. (8/1761)

Vibrio cholerae is a highly motile bacterium which possesses a single polar flagellum as a locomotion organelle. Motility is thought to be an important factor for the virulence of V. cholerae. The genome sequencing project of this organism is in progress, and the genes that are highly homologous to the essential genes of the Na+-driven polar flagellar motor of Vibrio alginolyticus were found in the genome database of V. cholerae. The energy source of its flagellar motor was investigated. We examined the Na+ dependence and the sensitivity to the Na+ motor-specific inhibitor of the motility of the V. cholerae strains and present the evidence that the polar flagellar motor of V. cholerae is driven by an Na+ motive force.  (+info)

BioAssay record AID 406643 submitted by ChEMBL: Antimicrobial activity against Vibrio anguillarum serotype O2b 04/09/367-5043 isolate containing gyrA position 83 Ser-Ile substitution mutation from Atlantic cod at 30 ug by disc diffusion assay.
Vibrio costicola grown in the presence of different NaCl concentrations contains cell-associated Na+ and K+ ions whose sum is equal to or greater than the external Na+ concentration. In the presence of 0.5 M NaCl, virtually no in vitro protein is synthesized in extracts of cells grown in 1.0 M NaCl. However, we report here that active in vitro protein synthesis occurred in 0.6 M or higher concentrations of Na2SO4, sodium formate, sodium acetate, sodium aspartate, or sodium glutamate, whereas 0.6 M NaF, NaCl, or NaBr completely inhibited protein synthesis as measured by polyuridylic acid-directed incorporation of [14C]phenylalanine. Sodium glutamate, sodium aspartate, and betaine (0.3 M) counteracted the inhibitory action of 0.6 M NaCl. The cell-associated Cl- concentration was 0.22 mol/kg in cells grown in 1.0 M NaCl. Of this, the free intracellular Cl- concentration was only 0.02 mol/kg. Cells contained 0.11 mol of glutamate per kg and small concentrations of other amino acids. All of the ...
In developing countries, the fraction of treated wastewater effluents being discharged into watersheds have increased over the period of time, which have led to the deteriorations of the qualities of major rivers in developing nations. Consequently, high densities of disease causing bacteria in the watersheds are regularly reported including incidences of emerging Vibrio fluvialis. Vibrio fluvialis infection remains among those infectious diseases posing a potentially serious threat to public health. This paper addresses the epidemiology of this pathogen; pathogenesis of its disease; and its clinical manifestations in humans.
Vibrio harveyi BAA-1116 (and its derived mutants in panel MP-6) has been reclassified as Vibrio campbellii based on microarray comparative genome hybridization and multilocus sequence analysis. RefLin B, et al. Comparative genomic analyses identify the Vibrio harveyi genome sequenced strains BAA-1116 and HY01 as Vibrio campbellii. Environ. Microbiol. Rep. 2(1): 81-89, 2010. PubMed: 20686623
Vibrio strains isolated from plankton, sediments, and seawater in two coastal areas south of Valencia, Spain, were genotypically and phenotypically different from other Vibrio species. The guanine-plus-cytosyine content of the strains was 43 mol%. Deoxyribonucleic acid-deoxyribonucleic acid hybridization studies revealed that the strains were genetically homogeneous and exhibited very low levels of genetic relatedness to Vibrio parahaemolyticus ATCC 17802T(T = type strain) (0%), Vibrio harveyi NCMB 1280T(11%), Vibrio vulnificus NCMB 2046T(7%), Vibrio nereis NCMB 1897T(0%), Vibrio natriengens NCMB (9%), and Vibrio splendidus NCMB 1T(0%). Strain CECT 621 of the Colección Española de Cultivos Tipo was designated the type strain of the proposed new species Vibrio mediterranei.
Vibrio fluvialis is a halophilic Vibrio species associated with acute diarrhoeal illness in humans. It has the potential to cause outbreaks and has an association with paediatric diarrhoea. In this study, 11 V. fluvialis strains isolated from hospitalized patients with acute diarrhoea at the Infectious Diseases Hospital, Kolkata were extensively characterized. All the strains showed growth in peptone broth containing 7 % NaCl. The strains showed variable results in Voges-Proskauer test and to a vibriostatic agent. There was also variation in their antibiograms, and some of the strains were multidrug resistant. Among the 11 strains, two showed only a single band difference in their PFGE profile and the remaining strains showed nine different PFGE patterns. However, unlike PFGE, the strains exhibited close matches and clustering in their ribotype patterns. The haemolytic effect on sheep red blood cells varied with strains. Partial sequence analysis revealed that the V. fluvialis haemolysin gene has 81 %
16S rRNA from seven different Vibrio anguillarum strains was partially sequenced and compared. From this sequence information we could design a 25-base-long oligonucleotide and use it as a specific probe for identification of V. anguillarum. This was determined by RNA-DNA colony hybridization and slot-blot hybridization. Strong, specific hybridization to the probe was observed for all V. anguillarum strains tested. Furthermore, no cross-hybridization could be seen against five other bacterial species. The detection limit was 5 x 10(3) bacteria per ml. It was even possible to detect V. anguillarum, by slot-blot hybridization, directly in a homogenized kidney from a fish that had died of vibriosis. The partial sequence information revealed small but significant differences between strains of the same species. These sequence differences are sufficiently significant to allow serotyping on the RNA level. Comparing strains of different serotypes revealed a 10-base and an 11-base difference in V. ...
Numerous prevalence studies of Vibrio spp. infection in fish have been extensively reported worldwide, including Malaysia. Unfortunately, information on the prevalence of Vibrio spp. in groupers (Epinephelus spp.) is limited. In this study, groupers obtained from nine farms located at different geographical regions in Malaysia were sampled for the presence of pathogenic Vibrio spp. and their susceptibility profiles against seven antibiotics. Out of 270 grouper samples, 195 (72%) were detected with the presence of Vibrio spp. Vibrio communis showed highest prevalence in grouper (28%), followed by V. parahaemolyticus (25%), V. alginolyticus (19%), V. vulnificus (14%), V. rotiferianus (3%), Vibrio sp. (3%), V. campbellii (2%), V. mytili (2%), V. furnissii (2%), V. harveyi (1%), V. tubiashii (1%), V. fluvialis (0.3%) and V. diabolicus (0.3%). Assessment on the antibiotic susceptibility profiles of the Vibrio spp. revealed that majority of the isolates were susceptible to tetracycline, streptomycin,
Quorum sensing (QS) is a process enabling a bacterial population to communicate via small molecules called autoinducers (Als). This intercellular communication process allows single cells to synchronize their behavior within a population. The marine bacterium Vibrio harveyi ATCC BAA-1116 channels the information of three Al signals into one QS cascade. Three receptors perceive these Als, the hybrid histidine kinases LuxN, Lux(P)Q and CqsS, to transduce the information to the histidine phosphotransfer (HPt) protein LuxU via phosphorelay, and finally to the response regulator LuxO. Hence, the level of phosphorylated LuxO depends on the Al concentrations. The phosphorylated LuxO (P-LuxO) controls the expression of small regulatory RNAs (sRNAs), which together with the RNA chaperon Hfq, destabilize the transcript of the master regulator luxR. LuxR is responsible for the induction and repression of several genes (e.g., for bioluminescence, exoprotease and siderophore production). In vivo studies with ...
The enzymes for luminescence in Vibrio fischeri are induced by the accumulation of a species-specific metabolite (autoinducer) in the culture medium. Tritium-labeled autoinducer was used to study the mechanism of autoinduction. When 3H-autoinducer was added to suspensions of V. fischeri or Escherichia coli, cellular concentrations equaled external concentrations. For V. fischeri, equilibration of 3H-autoinducer was rapid (within 20 s), and greater than 90% of the cellular tritium remained in unmodified autoinducer. When V. fischeri or E. coli cells containing 3H-autoinducer were transferred to autoinducer-free buffer, 85 to 99.5% of the radiotracer escaped from the cells, depending on the strain. Concentrations of autoinducer as low as 10 nM, which is equivalent to 1 or 2 molecules per cell, were sufficient for induction, and the maximal response to autoinducer occurred at about 200 nM. If external autoinducer concentrations were decreased to below 10 nM after induction had commenced, the ...
Thiosulfate Citrate Bile Salts Sucrose Agar (TCBS Agar) is used for the selective isolation of Vibrio cholera and Vibrio parahaemolyticus from a variety of clinical and nonclinical specimens.. TCBS is the primary plating medium universally used for the selective isolation of vibrios that cause cholera, diarrhea and food poisoning. It was developed by Kobayashi et al., who modified the selective medium of Nakanishi. The combination of alkaline peptone water and TCBS Agar is used in many procedures for the isolation of V. cholerae and other Vibrio species from feces.. ...
faeces;faeces from patient with diarrhoea VL 5125 ATCC 33809; VL 5125; WDCM 00137 Vibrio fluvialis serovar group f ISOLATED BY HUG I 1976 - LEE J V PHLS MAIDSTONE
Scale drop and muscle necrosis disease with high mortality widely occurred recently in the hybrid grouper (Epinephelus fuscoguttatus ♀ × E. lanceolatus ♂), a crucial cultured marine fish species in China. In this study, 30 Harveyi clade isolates of 27 Vibrio harveyi strains were isolated from diseased hybrid groupers in the south‐east and north‐east coastal areas of China. A total of 22 V. harveyi strains were determined to be pathogenic, and most challenged fish died within 2 days of infection; surviving individuals exhibited scale drop and deep dermal lesions as naturally diseased fish. Although five typical virulence genes, including luxR, toxRVₕ, chiA, serine protease and vhh widely existed in V. harveyi, no obvious correlation was established between virulent strains and virulence genes harboured in them. Furthermore, multiple antibiotic resistance was widely exhibited in Harveyi clade strains, particularly for penicillins, polypeptides, lincomycins, acetylspiramycin, ...
Proteorhodopsin (PR), a ubiquitous membrane photoprotein in marine environments, acts as a light-driven proton pump and can provide energy for bacterial cellular metabolism. However, knowledge of factors that regulate PR gene expression in different bacteria remains strongly limited. Here, experiments with Vibrio sp. AND4 showed that PR phototrophy promoted survival only in cells from stationary phase and not in actively growing cells. PR gene expression was tightly regulated, with very low values in exponential phase, a pronounced peak at the exponential/stationary phase intersection, and a marked decline in stationary phase. Thus, PR gene expression at the entry into stationary phase preceded, and could therefore largely explain, the stationary phase light-induced survival response in AND4. Further experiments revealed nutrient limitation, not light exposure, regulated this differential PR expression. Screening of available marine vibrios showed that the PR gene, and thus the potential for PR ...
بكتيريا الفيبريو وهي مجموعة من البكتيريا سالبة الجرام التي تصيب في الأساس أسماك المياه المالحة والشروب. بكتيريا الفيبريو توجد بصورة كثيفة في مياه البحر الملوثة و خصوصا تلك الملوثة بمياه الصرف الصحي. في الدراسة الحالية تم عزل وتصنيف عدد أربعة عترات من ميكروب الفيبريو من أسماك المرجان العادي التي تم تجميعها من المنطقة الساحلية لطرابلس خلال موسم 2014 حتي موسم الربيع 2015 . تم تحديد هوية العترات المعزولة والتأكيد علي انها ميكروب V. Parahaemolyticus, Vibrio vulnificus, Vibrio fluvialis, Vibrio alginolyticus وباستخدام بعض التقنيات البيوكيميائية التقليدية و تقنية API20E. وأكدت الاختبارات اتفاق ...
This project is complete.. Goals. Several strains of Vibrio species will be sequenced under this project. The goal is to identify the specific genes and/or polymorphisms that are correlated with expression of virulence and disease via comparative genomic analysis. This work will increase our knowledge of the virulence of this understudied biothreat pathogen and provide a foundation for the development of diagnostic and therapeutic countermeasures. Several strains of Vibrio cholerae and closely related Vibrio species have been approved for sequencing under this project.. Data Release. Chromatogram Files: We will submit all sequences and trace files (chromatograms) generated under this project to the Trace Archive at NCBI. These data will also include information on templates, vectors, and quality values for each sequence.. Genome Assemblies:We will assemble and release the sequences for the three Vibrio strains being sequenced to 8X at the 3X coverage. A second data release will occur once 8X ...
beets, bell peppers, black beans, black olives, broccoli, celery, cherry tomatoes, chickpeas, corn, crispy onions, croutons, cucumbers, grapes, golden raisins, granny smith apples, green peas, jalapeños, mandarin orange, mushrooms, onions, red beans, roasted peppers, scallions, shredded carrots, sprouts, sunflower seeds, tortilla strips, water chestnuts, wonton strips ...
Autoinducer-2 (AI-2), a furanosyl borate diester, is a member of a family of signaling molecules used in quorum sensing. AI-2 is one of only a few known biomolecules incorporating boron. First identified in the marine bacterium Vibrio harveyi, AI-2 is produced and recognized by many Gram-negative and Gram-positive bacteria. AI-2 arises by the reaction of 1-deoxy-3-dehydro-D-ribulose, which is produced enzymatically, with boric acid and is recognized by the two-component sensor kinase LuxPQ in Vibrionaceae. AI-2 is actively transported by the Lsr ABC-type transporter into the cell in Enterobacteriaceae and few other bacterial taxa (Pasteurella, Photorhabdus, Haemophilus, Bacillus), where it is phosphorylated by LsrK . Then, Phospho-AI-2 binds the transcriptional repressor protein, LsrR, which subsequently is released from the promoter/operator region of the lsr operon - and transcription of the lsr genes is initiated. AI-2 signalling is also regulated by glucose and cAMP/CRP via the lsr operon. ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Overexpression, purification, characterization, and pathogenicity of Vibrio harveyi hemolysin VHH. AU - Zhong, Yingbin. AU - Zhang, Xiao H.. AU - Chen, Jixiang. AU - Chi, Zhenghao. AU - Sun, Boguang. AU - Li, Yun. AU - Austin, Brian. PY - 2006/10. Y1 - 2006/10. N2 - Vibrio harveyi VHH hemolysin is a putative pathogenicity factor in fish. In this study, the hemolysin gene vhhA was overexpressed in Escherichia coli, and the purified VHH was characterized with regard to pH and temperature profiles, phospholipase activity, cytotoxicity, pathogenicity to flounder, and the signal peptide. Copyright © 2006, American Society for Microbiology. All Rights Reserved.. AB - Vibrio harveyi VHH hemolysin is a putative pathogenicity factor in fish. In this study, the hemolysin gene vhhA was overexpressed in Escherichia coli, and the purified VHH was characterized with regard to pH and temperature profiles, phospholipase activity, cytotoxicity, pathogenicity to flounder, and the signal peptide. ...
FIG 2 Production of FlaEF and their roles in motility and flagellation of V. vulnificus. (A and B) FlaE and FlaF. Cell lysates and the culture supernatants were prepared from the wild-type, ΔflaABCD, and ΔflaJ strains of V. vulnificus. Sixty micrograms of crude cell extracts (A) and 2 μg of the concentrated proteins in culture supernatants (B) were subjected to SDS-PAGE and then Western blot analysis using polyclonal antibodies reacting with all the flagellin-like proteins from FlaA to FlaF. As loading controls for cell lysate and culture supernatant, the antibodies specific to IIAGlc and OmpU were utilized, respectively. The ΔflaJ strain was included as a negative control in this assay. Each immunoreactive band detected by specific antibodies is indicated with an arrow. Numbers on the left sides of the blots are molecular weight markers, in kilodaltons. (C) Motility on a soft agar plate. Fresh cultures of ΔflaABCD, flaE::nptI, ΔflaF, and ΔflaEF strains were spotted onto a soft agar ...
The genus Vibrio is a metabolically diverse group of facultative anaerobic bacteria, common in aquatic environments and marine hosts. The genus contains several species of importance to human health and aquaculture, including the causative agents of human cholera and fish vibriosis. Vibrios display a wide variety of known life histories, from opportunistic pathogens to long-standing symbionts with individual host species. Studying Vibrio ecology has been challenging as individual species often display a wide range of habitat preferences, and groups of vibrios can act as socially cohesive groups. Although strong associations with salinity, temperature and other environmental variables have been established, the degree of habitat or host specificity at both the individual and community levels is unknown. Here we use oligotyping analyses in combination with a large collection of existing Vibrio 16S ribosomal RNA (rRNA) gene sequence data to reveal patterns of Vibrio ecology across a wide range of ...
Vibrio taxonomy has been based on a polyphasic approach. In this study, we retrieve useful taxonomic information (i.e. data that can be used to distinguish different taxonomic levels, such as species and genera) from 32 genome sequences of different vibrio species. We use a variety of tools to explore the taxonomic relationship between the sequenced genomes, including Multilocus Sequence Analysis (MLSA), supertrees, Average Amino Acid Identity (AAI), genomic signatures, and Genome BLAST atlases. Our aim is to analyse the usefulness of these tools for species identification in vibrios. We have generated four new genome sequences of three Vibrio species, i.e., V. alginolyticus 40B, V. harveyi-like 1DA3, and V. mimicus strains VM573 and VM603, and present a broad analyses of these genomes along with other sequenced Vibrio species. The genome atlas and pangenome plots provide a tantalizing image of the genomic differences that occur between closely related sister species, e.g. V. cholerae and V. mimicus.
The genus Vibrio includes serious human pathogens, such as V. vulnificus (Vv) and V. cholerae (Vc). Some species infect shellfish, such as Vibrio nigripulchritudo (Vn), which is a shrimp pathogen. Vibrio species encode PecS, a member of the multiple antibiotic resistance regulator (MarR) family of transcription factors. PecS is encoded by the pecS gene and expression is auto regulatory. The pecS gene is divergently oriented to pecM, which encodes an efflux pump. Vibrio species feature frequent duplication of pecS-pecM genes, which may facilitate how these species adapt from being free living motile bacteria in water columns to colonizing host tissues as biofilms to evade distinct environmental pressures. Vibrio vulnificus, commonly associated with consumption of undercooked oyster encodes a single pecS-pecM gene pair. Vv PecS was shown to bind two sites within the pecS-pecM (iSM) intergenic region with Kd = 0.3 ± 0.1 nM, a binding that is attenuated by purine ligands xanthine and urate. A unique DNA
Home. Vibrios are Gram-negative bacteria found in aquatic environments. These bacteria show a wide range of niche specialization, from free-living forms to those attached to biotic and abiotic surfaces and from symbionts to pathogens. In addition to human pathogens such as V. cholerae, V. parahemolyticus and V. vulnificus, vibrios have been associated with disease in numerous aquatic organisms, including coral, shrimp and oysters, and infections due to these pathogens have profound environmental and economic consequences. Not surprisingly, the vibrio genus provides models for extremely diverse scientists, including those who study ecology, evolution, genome plasticity and maintenance, gene regulation, bacterial pathogenesis and host microbe interactions, bacterial social behavior and epidemiology. To foster interactions between these diverse communities, we invite all scientists who work on vibrios to participate at the next Vibrio conference at the Marine Biological Station of Roscoff in 2016. ...
The phosphoenolpyruvate (PEP)-dependent phosphotransferase system (PTS) is a major mechanism used by bacteria for uptake of carbohydrates, particularly hexoses, hexitols, and disaccharides, where the source of energy is from PEP. The PTS consists of two general components, enzyme I (EI) and histidine phosphocarrier protein (HPr), and of membrane-bound sugar specific permeases (enzymes II). Each enzyme II (EII) complex consists of one or two hydrophobic integral membrane domains (domains C and D) and two hydrophilic domains (domains A and B). EII complexes may exist as distinct proteins or as a single multidomain protein. The PTS catalyzes the uptake of carbohydrates and their conversion into their respective phosphoesters during transport. There are four successive phosphoryl transfers in the PTS. Initial autophosphorylation of EI, using PEP as a substrate, is followed by transfer of the phosphoryl group from EI to HPr. EIIA catalyzes the self-phosphoryl transfer from HPr after which the ...
Homologous recombination (HR) is essential for the accurate repair of DNA double-strand breaks (DSBs), potentially lethal lesions. HR takes place in the late S-G2 phase of the cell cycle and involves the generation of a single-stranded region of DNA, followed by strand invasion, formation of a Holliday junction, DNA synthesis using the intact strand as a template, branch migration and resolution. It is investigated that RecA/Rad51 family proteins play a central role. The breast cancer susceptibility protein Brca2 and the RecQ helicase BLM (Bloom syndrome mutated) are tumor suppressors that maintain genome integrity, at least in part, through HR ...
Vibrio harveyi is a bioluminescent bacterium and the organism in which quorum sensing was discovered. It was recently found that a class of molecules, cyclic dipeptides, may be a new kind of quorum sensing signal that may affect other species in the genus. The purpose of this study was to determine if V. harveyi produced one of these molecules, cyclo(Phe-Pro) or cFP, and the effects it has on bioluminescence, growth and gene expression. Electrospray Mass Spectrometry was used to detect cFP, and it was found. While growth and gene expression were not significantly affected by cFP, bioluminescence was slightly induced at low concentrations. It appears that V. harveyi does not produce cFP and it does not significantly affect the luminescence quorum sensing controlled genes, and is most likely not a true signal, in V. harveyi.
Vibrio are bacteria that can lead to an infection called vibriosis. Vibrio are found naturally in saltwater and are common to the coastal waters in the United States and Canada. You can get sick after eating raw or undercooked shellfish (such as oysters, clams, mussels, lobster or crab) or by exposing a wound or broken skin to seawater. Vibrio infection is more common during summer months. Any person can get vibriosis. People with liver disease, cancer or a weakened immune system are most at risk for getting very sick. ...
4E3R: Redesigning and characterizing the substrate specificity and activity of Vibrio fluvialis aminotransferase for the synthesis of imagabalin.
Richards, G.P., Watson, M.A., Madison, D., Soffer, N., Needleman, D.S., Soroka, D.S., Uknalis, J., Baranzoni, G., Church, K.M., Poison, S.W., Elston, R., Langdon, C., Sulakvelictze, A. 2021. Bacteriophages against Vibrio coralliilyticus and Vibrio tubiashii: Isolation, characterization and remediation of larval oyster mortalities. Applied and Environmental Microbiology. 87. https://doi.org/10.1128/AEM.00008-21 ...
The membrane lipid composition of living cells generally adjusts to the prevailing environmental and physiological conditions. In this study, membrane activity and lipid composition of the Gram-negative bacterium Vibrio sp. DSM14379, grown aerobically in a peptone-yeast extract medium supplemented with 0.5, 1.76, 3, 5 or 10% (w/v) NaCl, was determined. The ability of the membrane to reduce a spin label was studied by EPR spectroscopy under different salt concentrations in cell suspensions labeled with TEMPON. For lipid composition studies, cells were harvested in a late exponential phase and lipids were extracted with chloroform-methanol-water, 1:2:0.8 (v/v). The lipid polar head group and acyl chain compositions were determined by thin-layer and gas-liquid chromatographies. 31P-NMR spectroscopy was used to study the phase behaviour of the cell lipid extracts with 20 wt.% water contents in a temperature range from −10 to 50 °C. The results indicate that the ability of the membrane to reduce ...
Commas are the least forceful of the 3 marks. There are definite rules for using commas; however, usage is often subjective. Some writers and editors use the comma frequently to indicate what they see as a natural pause in the flow of words, but commas can be overused. The trend is to use them sparingly. Follow the accepted rules and use commas only when breaks are needed for sense or readability or to avoid confusion or misinterpretation. The comma is used to separate phrases, clauses, and groups of words and to clarify the grammatical structure and the intended meaning. Use
p>The checksum is a form of redundancy check that is calculated from the sequence. It is useful for tracking sequence updates.,/p> ,p>It should be noted that while, in theory, two different sequences could have the same checksum value, the likelihood that this would happen is extremely low.,/p> ,p>However UniProtKB may contain entries with identical sequences in case of multiple genes (paralogs).,/p> ,p>The checksum is computed as the sequence 64-bit Cyclic Redundancy Check value (CRC64) using the generator polynomial: x,sup>64,/sup> + x,sup>4,/sup> + x,sup>3,/sup> + x + 1. The algorithm is described in the ISO 3309 standard. ,/p> ,p class=publication>Press W.H., Flannery B.P., Teukolsky S.A. and Vetterling W.T.,br /> ,strong>Cyclic redundancy and other checksums,/strong>,br /> ,a href=http://www.nrbook.com/b/bookcpdf.php>Numerical recipes in C 2nd ed., pp896-902, Cambridge University Press (1993),/a>),/p> Checksum:i ...
p>The checksum is a form of redundancy check that is calculated from the sequence. It is useful for tracking sequence updates.,/p> ,p>It should be noted that while, in theory, two different sequences could have the same checksum value, the likelihood that this would happen is extremely low.,/p> ,p>However UniProtKB may contain entries with identical sequences in case of multiple genes (paralogs).,/p> ,p>The checksum is computed as the sequence 64-bit Cyclic Redundancy Check value (CRC64) using the generator polynomial: x,sup>64,/sup> + x,sup>4,/sup> + x,sup>3,/sup> + x + 1. The algorithm is described in the ISO 3309 standard. ,/p> ,p class=publication>Press W.H., Flannery B.P., Teukolsky S.A. and Vetterling W.T.,br /> ,strong>Cyclic redundancy and other checksums,/strong>,br /> ,a href=http://www.nrbook.com/b/bookcpdf.php>Numerical recipes in C 2nd ed., pp896-902, Cambridge University Press (1993),/a>),/p> Checksum:i ...
Sailors have long reported miraculous sightings of luminous, glowing seawater. Consider Captain Kingman s report, made in the dead of night in June, 1854, in the ocean south of Java, Indonesia. The whole appearance of the ocean was like a plain covered with snow, Kingman wrote. Ocean-going myth? It turns out that the stories are true.. The milky sea effect of constant light over a wide area comes from the luminous bacteria Vibrio harveyi, living alongside microalgal blooms. In order to create the effect of a milky sea, the populations of these bacteria are, as predicted, phenomenally large. Each contains an estimated 200 times more than the number of background, free-living bacteria spread over the continental shelf waters of all the oceans put together.. Scientists gained the first ever pictures of the milky sea effect in the fall of 2005. The photos, gleaned from images taken by the U.S. Defense Meteorological Satellite Program, show a glowing portion of the ocean that s about the size of ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Overexpression, pruification, characterisation and pathogenicity of Vibrio harveyi hemolysin VHH. AU - Zhong, Y. AU - Zhang, X-H. AU - Chen, J. AU - Chi, Z. AU - Sun, B. AU - Li, Y. AU - Austin, Brian. PY - 2006/10. Y1 - 2006/10. M3 - Article. VL - 74/10. SP - 6001. EP - 6005. JO - Infection and Immunity. JF - Infection and Immunity. SN - 0019-9567. ER - ...
Vibrio harveyi ATCC ® 700106™ Designation: BB721 TypeStrain=False Application: Produces light, expression of luminescence not being influenced by culture density
Commas, semicolons, and colons can be used to indicate a break or pause in thought, to set off material, or to introduce a new but connected thought. Each has specific uses, and the strength of the break in thought determines which mark is appropriate. | Commas are the least forceful of the 3 marks. There are definite rules for using commas; however, usage is often subjective. Some writers and editors use the comma frequently to indicate what they see as a natural pause in the flow of words, but commas can be overused. The trend is to use them sparingly.
Cuddys mother, Arlene, is admitted to Princeton Plansboro after complaining about unusual symptoms, but stubborn Arlene insists that House be removed from the case, forcing House to come up with non-conventional - and illegal - means to treat his patient. House instructs his team to follow his lead, and they discover details in Arlenes personal life that she kept secret from Cuddy and her sister Lucinda. Meanwhile, Taubs ex-wife, Rachel, puts him in contact with her brother who hires Taub to work a job on the side in exchange for much-needed income, which winds up taking a physical and emotional toll on him. Later, Cuddy places her trust in House to ensure that her mother receives the proper medical treatment, leading “by the book medical student Masters to reevaluate her responsibility to practice within a code of ethics and to follow her boss orders.. ...
Vibrio alebo vibrión[1] je rod patriaci do čeľade Vibrionaceae. Najdôležitejšími druhmi sú Vibrio cholerae a Vibrio El Tor (dnes považované skôr za variant v rámci druhu V. cholerae), pôvodcovia cholery. Okrem nich existujú ďalšie patogénne druhy, ktoré môžu vyvolať ochorenia tráviaceho traktu i celkové ochorenia človeka. Typickým znakom rodu je rast tejto skupiny vo vode a citlivosť na koncentrácie solí v nej.. ...
Vibrios are facultatively anaerobic bacteria that are metabolically similar to the Enterobacteriaceae. They are ubiquitous to oceans, coastal waters, and estuaries. The best known species is Vibrio cholerae, which can cause severe diarrheal illness in humans.The genus Vibrio consists of Gram-negative straight or curved rods, motile by means of a single polar flagellum. Vibrios are capable of both respiratory and fermentative metabolism.Classic cholera is characterised by an abrupt onset of vomiting and profuse watery diaorrhea. Fluid losses can be significant (up to 20 L/day) and hypovolemic shock and metabolic acidosis can cause death within a few hours of onset, especially in children. Mortality, in untreated cases, is as high as 60%. In the past 180 years, 7 pandemics were reported, usually of Bengali origin, with the latest pandemic originating in Indonesia in 1961 and moving to the Western hemisphere. In 1991, a cholera outbreak in Peru and 20 other countries in the Western hemisphere ...
Commas are among my favorite tools for building meaning. Used intelligently, commas are wonderful signposts that tell readers which part of a sentence theyve stumbled into-and then help them make their way out again. I like commas so much Ive written multiple posts about them. If comma rules confuse you, take heart! If improving reader…
NR283 Quiz 1, NR283 Quiz 2, NR283 Quiz 3, NR283 Quiz 4, NR283 Quiz 5 (2019,Latest): Chamberlain College of Nursing (Verified Answers by GOLD rated Expert, Download to Score A)
Team:Cambridge/Templates/header}} {{:Team:Cambridge/LumNavTemplate}} ==Photinus Pyralis (Firefly Luciferase)== ==EPIC luciferase== ==Bacterial Bioluminescence== *[[Team:Cambridge/VibrioFischeri, Vibrio Fischeri]] *[[Team:Cambridge/VibrioHarvei, Vibrio Harveyi]] *[[Team:Cambridge/ProjectBioluminescence/Luciferase/WikiGeneticsLuxCDABE, Genetics of luxCDABE (adapted from wikipedia)]] *[http://parts.mit.edu/wiki/index.php/Lux_operon, 2006 attempts at BioBricking the lux operon] *[[Team:Cambridge/ProjectBioluminescence/Luciferase/Notes, Notes]] *[http://partsregistry.org/Lux The lux wiki from parts registry] *[http://departments.kings.edu/biology/lux/bacterial.html Vibrio plasmid experiment] -possible source of lux operon *[http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/nuccore/AF170104.1?report=graph&log$=seqview NCBI Lux operon sequence] *[http://partsregistry.org/Part:BBa_G10001 parts registry lux operon] -currently waiting on an email to see how useful/available this part is ...
The original aim of this thesis was to utilise Vibrio harveyi luciferase as a reporter of the expression of cell division genes during the cell cycle. Several plasmids expressing luxAB genes from ftsZ promoters were constructed. To achieve maximal luciferase expression, the ribosome binding site in front of the luxA gene was improved, which led to increased expression of luciferase. The level of expression of the improved luciferase reporter from plasmids was sufficiently high to be detected in single cells, although not high enough to be used in lower copy number constructs. However, luciferase activity showed significant fluctuations that did not appear to be linked to cell cycle events. These fluctuations made the detection of any cell cycle related changes in luciferase expression impossible. Another direction of this thesis is represented by the studies on the topology of the cell shape determining RodA protein. The ampicillin resistance levels were measured in 52 fusions with the topology ...
Vibrio species account for a significant amount of foodborne illness, stemming from consumption of raw or undercooked shellfish. Learn more about vibrio.
Vibrio tapetis is the marine bacterium responsible for the brown ring disease (BRD) affecting die manila clam, Ruditapes philippinarum. Identification of V tapelis has been previously performed using...
Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of Production of an extracellular copper-binding compound by the heterotrophic marine bacterium Vibrio alginolyticus. Together they form a unique fingerprint. ...
article{1079318, abstract = {Facultative anaerobic marine bacteria isolated from cultured clams Ruditapes decussatus and Ruditapes philippinarum were previously investigated using AFLP and 16S rRNA gene sequences analyses. The isolates formed two AFLP clusters and belonged to the genus Vibrio, more precisely to the Splendidus clade. In this study, phylogenetic analyses based on sequences of the housekeeping genes rpoA, rpoD, pyrH, atpA and recA supported their inclusion in that clade forming two well differentiated groups with respect to the rest of the species within the clade, and confirmed they formed two groups, separated from the rest of the species of the clade. DNA-DNA hybridizations demonstrated that the isolates constitute two novel Vibrio species, which can be phenotypically differentiated from their closest relatives. The names Vibrio atlanticus sp. nov. and Vibrio artabrorum sp. nov. are proposed, with Vb 11.11T (=CECT 7223T =LMG 24300T) and Vb 11.8T (=CECT 7226T =LMG 23865T) as the ...
Farming of Atlantic cod Gadus morhua, has become an important part of Norwegian aquaculture, but disease problems are frequent. Vibriosis caused by Vibrio splendidus has caused problems in aquaculture to early life stages of several marine species. It may also become a problem in cod hatcheries, as the bacterium is widely distributed in marine environments. The aim of the present study was to increase the understanding of V. splendidus infections in cod yolk sac larvae. Cod eggs were randomly selected from a single batch delivered by a commercial hatchery. Single eggs were transferred to wells in multi well dishes. Each well contained 2 ml of 80% aerated and sterile seawater. The eggs were challenged with 7 different strains of V. splendidus the same day as they arrived. The experiment did also include a negative control group consisting of unchallenged larvae and two positive control groups consisting of larvae challenged with two strains of Vibrio anguillarum. For each challenge strain 2 x 3 ...
Whiteleg shrimp (Litopenaeus vannamei)Â is one of the most important aquaculture commodity in Indonesia. However, the luminous disease primarily caused by Vibrio harveyi bacteria still becomes an obstacle in penaeid shrimp farming, especially in shrimp hatchery. This study was aimed to identify the presence of V. harveyi in L. vannamei through nested PCR using haemolysin gene primer. First, initial primers were designed using V. harveyi VIB 391 haemolysin gene sequence (accession number: DQ640264), flanking the position 133 to 756. This primer pairs were used to identify haemolysin gene in both V. harveyi MR5339 and V. harveyi 275 strain. Sequencing results from each sample showed 99% similarity with haemolysin gene sequence in Genebank. Furthermore, the sequence of V. harveyi MR5339 haemolysin gene was used to design the nested PCR primers. The first primer pairs of nested PCR have successfully amplified the haemolysin gene fragment of all V. harveyi strains samples from position 52 to 405. ...
The research was aimed to determine the present status of probiotics (Lactobacillus spp.) and pathogenic bacteria (Vibrio spp.) of culture pond as well as to determine whether the isolated probiotic Lactobacillus spp. can act as a controlling agent on experimentally pathogenic Vibrio spp. infected Penaeus monodon. In In-vitro test of gills and intestinal tracts, the potential antagonistic activity of Lactobacillus spp. toward Vibrio spp. was gradually observed at 4th hour of probiotic treatment. At 12th hour the viable count of Vibrio spp. was drastically reduced in gill from 2.33×105 to 1.03×103 (CFUg-1) and in intestinal tract 2.35×105 to 6.43×102 (CFUg-1). While, in In-vivo test, in case of muscle, gills and intestinal tract antagonistic activity of Lactobacillus spp. toward Vibrio spp. was noticed after 9 hours, 21 hours and 27 hours respectably of probiotic injected shrimps. However, only the result of in-vitro challenge test revealed that, Lactobacillus spp. significantly reduced the ...
lginate is a polysaccharide found within brown seaweeds and has been targeted as a carbon source for biofuel production. Alginate consists of α-L-guluronate (G) and β-D-mannuronate (M) linked in various patterns, which results in either a homo- or heteropolymeric structure. Alginate lyases are enzymes that degrade the linkage between G and M blocks and can have specificity to either polyG, polyM, or polyMG block degradation. The marine bacterium Vibrio splendidus 12B01 contains four putative alginate lyases which were investigated in this study. We identified, purified, and characterized the four PL7 alginates lyases. We found that these lyases have optimal activity between pH 7.5-8.5 and 20-25°C, consistent with use in a marine environment. Additionally, Ca 2+ is necessary for optimal enzyme activity. The binding constant (K m ) of the lyases toward alginate was found to be between 22 and 123 mM alginate and the maximum reaction rate (V max ) was found to be between 0.13 and 0.83 μM s -1 . ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Proteolytic activation of Vibrio mimicus (Vm) major outer membrane protein haemagglutinin (HA) with Vm-HA/Protease. T2 - Implication for understanding bacterial adherence. AU - Alam, Munirul. AU - Miyoshi, Shin Ichi. AU - Ahmed, Kabir Uddin. AU - Hasan, Nur A.. AU - Tomochika, Ken Ichi. AU - Shinoda, Sumio. PY - 2006/1/1. Y1 - 2006/1/1. N2 - Vibrio mimicus (Vm) haemagglutinins (HAs), such as an extracellular HA/protease (Vm-HA/protease) and a major outer membrane protein-HA (Vm-OMPHA), have been recognized as the putative adherence factors for the bacterium. However, the mechanism by which HAs coordinate the adherence function of the bacterium remains as yet unknown. We report herein the positive interaction between Vm-HA/protease and Vm-OMPHA resulting in significant enhancement of the haemagglutinating ability. In this interaction, no cleaved polypeptide was detected; however, limited proteolysis of Vm-OMPHA was confirmed by SDS-PAGE. The proteolytic activation of the native ...
Vibrioses are the predominant bacterial infections in marine shrimp farms. Vibrio nigripulchritudo is an emerging pathogen of the cultured shrimp Litopenaeus stylirostris in New Caledonia and other regions in the Indo-Pacific. The molecular determinants of V. nigripulchritudo pathogenicity are unknown; however, molecular epidemiological studies have revealed that recent pathogenic V. nigripulchritudo isolates from New Caledonia all cluster into a monophyletic clade and contain a small plasmid, pB1067. Here, we report that a large plasmid, pA1066 (247 kb), can also serve as a marker for virulent V. nigripulchritudo, and that an ancestral version of this plasmid was likely acquired prior to other virulence-linked markers. Additionally, we demonstrate that pA1066 is critical for the full virulence of V. nigripulchritudo in several newly developed experimental models of infection. Plasmid pB1067 also contributes to virulence; only strains containing both plasmids induced the highest level of shrimp
Vibrio proteolyticus vibriolysin protein: a proteolytic enzyme secreted by the marine microorganism Vibrio proteolyticus; amino acid sequence given in first source
In aquaculture, vibriosis is known as a major bacterial disease in fish culture systems and can cause considerable loss in terms of production and processing (Toranzo et al. 2005). Many Vibrio species have been recognized as fish pathogens that can cause infection with various symptoms. For example, Vibrio scophthalmi infection results in hemorrhage on fish body surface and inner surface of the abdomen, severe enteritis, and ascites (Qiao et al. 2012); Vibrio ichthyoenteri infection cause opaque intestines and necrotizing fasciitis with high mortality rates (Ishimaru et al. 1996; Lee et al. 2012); Vibrio parahaemolyticus infection causes diseases not only in fish, shrimp, oysters, and mussels, etc. (Montilla et al. 1994; Quintoil et al. 2007), but also is important in public health and causes gastrointestinal disorders in humans who ingest contaminated fish and shellfish (Kubota et al. 2008; Iwamoto et al. 2010); and Vibrio vulnificus has been associated with vibriosis outbreaks in fish and ...
A story map has been created to describe the different Vibrio Predictive Models produced by NCCOS. These predictive models help ensure oysters are harvested when they are safer to eat, assisting coastal managers and oyster growers in oyster harvest decision making nationwide.. Vibrio spp. are bacteria that occur naturally in our coastal waters. The majority of the cases annually are associated with Vibrio parahaemolyticus, usually resulting in self limiting gastroenteritis from the consumption of raw seafood. Vibrio vulnificus is another species of Vibrio bacteria that can cause human illness. Although cases are rare, Vibrio vulnificus infections stemming from water contact with open wounds or consumption can be serious and sometimes fatal.. The story map presents an assortment of predictive models and weather related tools to address issues surrounding safe harvest of shellfish around the nation. In partnership with the US Food and Drug Administration, state and academic partners, NOAA is ...
Definition of vibrio salmonicida in the Definitions.net dictionary. Meaning of vibrio salmonicida. What does vibrio salmonicida mean? Information and translations of vibrio salmonicida in the most comprehensive dictionary definitions resource on the web.
Cells of the marine bacterium, Ant-300, accumulate loosely bound amino acids during amino acid uptake. The fraction of amino acid taken up that exists in the loosely bound state depends on the substrate in question. Shock treatment studies indicate that, in general, the initial binding, uptake, and retention of amino acids are sensitive to reduced osmolarity and salt concentration. Cellular components that bind the amino acids arginine and lysine are released from the cells during shock treatment. Charge interactions appear to be responsible for the reversible formation of the ligand-protein complex. It is proposed that these components, presumably proteins, mediate the capture of the amino acids arginine and lysine at the surface of the cell. Chemotaxis provides the cell the opportunity to migrate from areas of low arginine concentration to areas of high arginine concentration. Arginine transport into the cell is mediated by two high affinity components with kinetic constants of 1.2 x 10⁻⁸ ...
Although turbot is produced in substantial quantities in aquaculture in Europe the major limitation in expansion of the industry is the supply of juvenile fish for on- growing. High mortalities can occur during early life stages during the critical times of transition from yolk sac larvae to feeding on rotifers and Artemia. There is good evidence that microorganisms are the major cause of the problems associated with early-feeding, as improved survival is seen when antibiotics are used or when larvae are reared in bacteria-free conditions. Several studies have shown that the bacterial flora of the larval turbot gut originates from the food. However, high levels of certain bacteria in the gut flora are not harmful, rather it is particular bacterial types that appear to determine larval rearing success. The present study concentrated on determining the virulence mechanisms of Vibrio splendidus DMC-1 (biovar 1), which was isolated from a batch of turbot larvae suffering very high mortality at a ...
Coral microbiomes are known to play important roles in organismal health, response to environmental stress, and resistance to disease. The coral microbiome contains diverse assemblages of resident bacteria, ranging from defensive and metabolic symbionts to opportunistic bacteria that may turn harmful in compromised hosts. However, little is known about how these bacterial interactions influence the mechanism and controls of overall structure, stability, and function of the microbiome. We sought to test how coral microbiome dynamics were affected by interactions between two bacteria: Vibrio coralliilyticus, a known temperature-dependent pathogen of some corals, and Halobacteriovorax, a unique bacterial predator of Vibrio and other gram-negative bacteria. We challenged reef-building coral with V. coralliilyticus in the presence or absence of Halobacteriovorax predators, and monitored microbial community dynamics with 16S rRNA gene profiling time-series. Vibrio coralliilyticus inoculation increased the
Here, we present the draft genome sequences of Vibrio splendidus UCD-SED7 and UCD-SED10 (phylum Proteobacteria). These strains were isolated from sediment surrounding Zostera marina roots near the UC Davis Bodega Marine Laboratory (Bodega, Bay, California). These assemblies contain 5,334,236 bp and 5,904,824 bp, respectively. ...
Vibrio infections are largely classified into two distinct groups: Vibrio cholera infections and noncholera Vibrio infections. Historically, the noncholera Vibrio species are classified as halophilic or nonhalophilic, depending on their requirement of sodium chloride for growth.
Vibrio nigripulchritudo is an emerging pathogen of farmed shrimp in New Caledonia and other regions in the Indo-Pacific. The molecular determinants of V. nigripulchritudo pathogenicity are unknown; however, molecular epidemiological studies have suggested that pathogenicity is linked to particular lineages. Here, we performed high-throughput sequencing-based comparative genome analysis of 16 V. nigripulchritudo strains to explore the genomic diversity and evolutionary history of pathogen-containing lineages and to identify pathogen-specific genetic elements. Our phylogenetic analysis revealed three pathogen-containing V. nigripulchritudo clades, including two clades previously identified from New Caledonia and one novel clade comprising putatively pathogenic isolates from septicemic shrimp in Madagascar. The similar genetic distance between the three clades indicates that they have diverged from an ancestral population roughly at the same time and recombination analysis indicates that these genomes have
Vibrio coralliilyticus is a global marine pathogen that has been found to cause disease in several marine organisms, including corals. This study is the first report of the isolation of V. coralliilyticus from a diseased Caribbean octocoral, Pseudopterogorgia americana. Five sister phylotypes were positively identified using 16S rRNA gene sequencing, recA probes specific for V. coralliilyticus, and rep-PCR fingerprinting. The antimicrobial resistance was compared between pathogenic strains of V. coralliilyticus and the Caribbean strains. First, the antimicrobial resistance of V. coralliilyticus-type strain ATCC BAA-450 was determined using an agar-overlay antimicrobial bioassay at 24°C and 27°C, temperatures which are relevant to its known temperature-dependent virulence. From 108 distinct bacteria isolated from P. americana, 12 inhibited the V. coralliilyticus-type strain at 24°C and five at 27°C. Next, the phenotypic comparison of two Caribbean phylotypes and three V. coralliilyticus ...
Here in the state of Florida, dozens of confirmed cases of the bacterial infection caused by Vibrio vulnificus occur annually, along with dozens more in the other Gulf states.. My guest, Infectious Disease specialist, a Forbes contributor, Judy Stone, MD said in a recent piece, Infections from Vibrio vulnificus are a summer staple, and are increasing along with global warming.. Dr. Stone joined me to discuss Vibriosis caused by Vibrio vulnificus and the effects of warming seawaters on its presence in more parts of the world.. ...
Vibrio alginolyticus is a Gram-negative marine bacterium. It is medically important since it causes otitis and wound infection. It is also present in the bodies of animals such as pufferfish, where it is responsible for the production of the potent neurotoxin, tetrodotoxin. V. alginolyticus was first identified as a pathogen of humans in 1973. It occasionally causes eye, ear, and wound infections. It is a highly salt-tolerant species and can grow in salt concentrations of 10%. Most clinical isolates come from superinfected wounds that become contaminated at the beach. Tetracycline usually results in cure. V. alginolyticus is rare cause of bacteremia in immunocompromised hosts. Reilly, G D; Reilly, C A; Smith, E G; Baker-Austin, C (2011). Vibrio alginolyticus-associated wound infection acquired in British waters, Guernsey, July 2011 (PDF). Euro Surveill. 16 (42). PMID 22027377. Noguchi, T; Hwang, D F; Arakawa, O; Sugita, H; Deguchi, Y; Shida, Y; Hashimoto, K (1987). Vibrio alginolyticus, a ...
Coloured scanning electron micrograph (SEM) of Vibrio fischeri, Gram-negative, motile, bioluminescent, curved rod-shaped bacterium (prokaryote). Vibrio fischeri is a bioluminescent bacterium that occurs in global ocean environments. V. fischeri is most often found in a symbiotic relationship with certain deep sea marine life, such as the bobtail squid, within special light-organs.. V. fischeri causes the squid to produce a mucus substance that is secreted below the light organ on the squid. Cilia are used to draw more bacteria into this mucus matrix. The bacteria migrate into the light organ and colonize an area within it. They provide a light source for the squid to make it blend in with the ocean floor at night. Thus predators have a hard time seeing the squid. V. fischeri is a key research organism for examination of microbial bioluminescence, quorum sensing, and bacterial-animal symbiosis. Magnification: x8,000 when shortest axis printed at 25 - Stock Image C032/1744
Vibrios are ubiquitous marine bacteria that have long served as models for heterotrophic processes and have received renewed attention because of the discovery of increasing numbers of facultatively pathogenic strains. Because the occurrence of specific vibrios has frequently been linked to the temperature, salinity, and nutrient status of water, we hypothesized that seasonal changes in coastal water bodies lead to distinct vibrio communities and sought to characterize their level of differentiation. A novel technique was used to quantify shifts in 16S rRNA gene abundance in samples from Barnegat Bay, N.J., collected over a 15-month period. Quantitative PCR (QPCR) with primers specific for the genus Vibrio was combined with separation and quantification of amplicons by constant denaturant capillary electrophoresis (CDCE). Vibrio populations identified by QPCR-CDCE varied between summer and winter samples, suggesting distinct warm-water and year-round populations. Identification of the CDCE ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Functional domains of a zinc metalloprotease from Vibrio vulnificus. AU - Miyoshi, Shin-ichi. AU - Wakae, H.. AU - Tomochika, K. I.. AU - Shinoda, S.. PY - 1997. Y1 - 1997. N2 - Vibrio vulnificus, an opportunistic human pathogen causing wound infection and septicemia, secretes a 45-kDa metalloprotease (V. vulnificus protease; VVP). A plasmid which carries the entire vvp gene subcloned into pBluescriptIIKS+ was transformed into Escherichia coil DH5α for overproduction of the protease. The 45-kDa recombinant protease (rVVP) was isolated from the periplasmic fraction of the transformant by ammonium sulfate precipitation followed by column chromatography on phenyl Sepharose. Biochemical characterization of the isolated rVVP showed that the recombinant protease was identical to that produced by V. vulnificus. When rVVP was incubated at 37°C, a 35-kDa fragment was generated through autoproteolytic removal of the C-terminal peptide. This 35-kDa fragment (rVVP-N) was found to have ...
Vibrio abundance generally displays seasonal patterns. In temperate coastal areas, temperature and salinity influence Vibrio growth, whereas in tropical areas this pattern is not obvious. The present study assessed the dynamics of Vibrio in the Arabian Sea, 1-2 km off Mangalore on the south-west coast of India, during temporally separated periods. The two sampling periods were signified by oligotrophic conditions, and stable temperatures and salinity. Vibrio abundance was estimated by culture-independent techniques in relation to phytoplankton community composition and environmental variables. The results showed that the Vibrio density during December 2007 was 10- to 100-fold higher compared with the February-March 2008 period. High Vibrio abundance in December coincided with a diatom-dominated phytoplankton assemblage. A partial least squares (PLS) regression model indicated that diatom biomass was the primary predictor variable. Low nutrient levels suggested high water column turnover rate, ...
Microbial production is a promising method that can overcome major limitations in conventional methods of lycopene production, such as low yields and variations in product quality. Significant efforts have been made to improve lycopene production by engineering either the 2-C-methyl-D-erythritol 4-phosphate (MEP) pathway or mevalonate (MVA) pathway in microorganisms. To further improve lycopene production, it is critical to utilize metabolic enzymes with high specific activities. Two enzymes, 1-deoxy-D-xylulose-5-phosphate synthase (Dxs) and farnesyl diphosphate synthase (IspA), are required in lycopene production using MEP pathway. Here, we evaluated the activities of Dxs and IspA of Vibrio sp. dhg, a newly isolated and fast-growing microorganism. Considering that the MEP pathway is closely related to the cell membrane and electron transport chain, the activities of the two enzymes of Vibrio sp. dhg were expected to be higher than the enzymes of E. coli. We found that Dxs and IspA in Vibrio sp. dhg
Looking for medication to treat infection+due+to+the+bacteria+vibrio+cholerae? Find a list of current medications, their possible side effects, dosage, and efficacy when used to treat or reduce the symptoms of infection+due+to+the+bacteria+vibrio+cholerae
Vibrio: Vibrio, (genus Vibrio), any of a group of comma-shaped bacteria in the family Vibrionaceae. Vibrios are aquatic microorganisms, some species of which cause serious diseases in humans and other animals. Vibrios are microbiologically characterized as gram-negative, highly motile, facultative
Coloured scanning electron micrograph (SEM) of Vibrio vulnificus, Gram-negative, motile, curved rod-shaped bacteria (prokaryote). It is a human pathogen and causes an infection often after eating seafood, especially oysters. The bacterium occurs in marine environments such as estuaries, brackish ponds or coastal areas and it is highly salt tolerant. It is often present in contaminated waters and heated waters such as thermal or volcanic springs. Vibrio vulnificus can also enter the body through open wounds when swimming or wading, or via puncture wounds from the spines of fish such as tilapia. Symptoms include vomiting, diarrhoea, abdominal pain, decreased blood pressure and a blistering dermatitis. Severe symptoms and even death can occur if the bacterium enters the bloodstream (more common in people with compromised immune systems or liver disease). Magnification: x5,000 when shortest axis printed at 25 millimetres. - Stock Image C032/2229
EHA has vibrio vulnificus experts on staff. Vibrio vulnificus is a gram negative bacterium, most often associated with food borne illness after eating raw or inadequately cooked seafood, especially raw oysters.
The Boivin agent from Vibrio anguillarum was extracted with the use of 0.25M trichloroacetic acid (TCA). Chemical analysis revealed that the endotoxin contained approximately 35.1% protein, 18.1% carbohydrate, 39.3% lipid, 1.8% glucosamine and evidence of ethanolamine. Sixteen different amino acids made up the protein. The aliphatic amino acid concentration was 41.6%. The acidic amino acid content was higher than the basic amino acid content (25.8% vs. 14.4%) and glutamic and aspartic acid were the predominant amino acids. The carbohydrate fraction was composed of fucose (7.3%), arabinose (1.2%), deoxyglucose (tenative identification) (4.2%), galactose (0.8%), glucose (2.1%), and an unidentified sugar (2.5%). Injection of the endotoxin into mice resulted in an LD₅₀ value of 794 μg. When injected intramuscularly into juvenile chinook salmon, the endotoxin caused a zone of hemorrhaging at the site of injection. Upon prolonged storage of the endotoxin, this activity was lost. When incorporated ...
Looking for online definition of comma bacillus in the Medical Dictionary? comma bacillus explanation free. What is comma bacillus? Meaning of comma bacillus medical term. What does comma bacillus mean?
Inhibitory effect of commercial antibiotics and bioactive compounds produced by the isolate W3 against vibrios. Most of the antibiotics used could cause inhibition of all tested strains of V. harveyi (Table 1), Hence antibiotics could be used to control V. harveyi infections that affect aquaculture in Thailand. However, some of them such as chloramphenicol, furazolidone, tetracycline and oxonilic acid are now banned for use in aquaculture as previously mentioned. In general, β-lactam antibiotics such as ampicillin are preferred for use by shrimp farmers to treat luminous vibriosis disease since these groups of antibiotics do not cause significant side effects (Teo et al. 2002). Unfortunately, all tested strains in this study were resistant to ampicillin and this result is in agreement with Teo et al. (2002) who reported that many types of β-lactam antibiotics were no longer able to prevent vibriosis. In Thailand sulphamethoxazole is normally used in hatcheries against Vibrio sp.; however, in ...
Homologs of Toxin-Encoding Genes. Although V. fischeri is not known to be pathogenic, and strain ES114 is a beneficial symbiont, its genome carries homologs of Vibrio genes that may have toxin activity (Table 3, which is published as supporting information on the PNAS web site). As mentioned earlier, these include two CTX phage-encoded genes, zot (zona occludins toxin) and ace (accessory cholera enterotoxin), the latter of which has been found only in the V. cholerae and V. fischeri genome sequences. The proteins coded for by these genes have been shown to contribute to the structure of CTX phage (17), and their possible roles as toxins remain controversial (31, 32). At this time, it is not known whether the V. fischeri homologs of these two genes are expressed in this species, or whether they might play a role in this bacteriums symbiotic associations.. All sequenced Vibrio species carry genes encoding another putative toxin called RTX (repeats in structural toxins). RTX activity in V. ...
Thanks FOSL for getting her interview out……..We are presently looking at all the bacterial angles associated to these health issues being reported. One bacterium that everyone should take notice of is the Vibrio vulnificus (flesh eating strain of Vibrio). Vibrio vulnificus is a proteobacteria and a pathogen of humans. It causes wound infections, gastroenteritis, or primary septicemia (blood poisoning). Vibrio vulnificus causes disease in individuals who eat contaminated seafood (raw or undercooked oysters or have an open wound that is exposed to seawater. There have been several deaths due to this rare bacterial strain of Vibrio in the gulf region over the past couple of months. There are over 100 documented strains of this bacteria Vibrio with the possibility of thousands that have yet to be discovered. Back in June of this year the New York Times was reporting how scientist feared a possible bacterial plague erupting due to the Gulf spill. Are we now seeing a super bug? Is it an ...
The phylogenetic relationships of 50 reference strains, mostly marine bacteria which require Na+ for growth, were determined on the basis of 600 16S rRNA nucleotides by using reverse transcriptase sequencing. Strains belonging to 10 genera were included (four genera of the family Vibrionaceae, the g …
X-MOL提供的期刊论文更新,Estuaries and Coasts--Impact of Climate Change on Vibrio vulnificus Abundance and Exposure Risk.,Reem Deeb,Daniel Tufford,Geoffrey I Scott,Janet Gooch Moore,Kirstin Dow
Abstract The behavioral pattern of Vibrio parahaemolytics during the winter season (December 1988 to March 1989) in the water column, sediment, plankton and sinking particles was determined in a eutrophic marine environment. A total of 15 environmental parameters and seven microbial characteristics were examined. This halophile was isolated sporadically from bottom water and plankton materials, whereas it was undetectable in the surface water and sediment samples. However, V. parahaemolyticus was isolated from the sinking particles continuously throughout the sampling period with highest counts during February 1989. Out of 195 strains identified, 10 Vibrio spp. and 3 Listonella spp. were observed of which V. alginolyticus was predominantly isolated irrespective of the samples tested. Simple correlation and multiple regression analyses show that the occurrence of V. parahaemolyticus is not governed by any single biotic or abiotic factor of the environment. Possibly, the cumulative effect of all ...
Domain architecture and assignment details (superfamily, family, region, evalue) for gi|549689366|ref|YP_008621098.1| from Vibrio nigripulchritudo VibrioScope. Plus protein sequence and external database links.
Vibrio diagnosis is made by taking blood, stool or wound samples from an infected person. The samples are allowed to grow more bacteria if present, and then studied in a laboratory. The Texas Department of State Health Services asks healthcare providers to send specimens from people who may have this illness to a laboratory. A special test is required to identify Vibrio. Health care providers should be on the lookout for this illness, especially when patients have been exposed to floodwaters. How are Vibrio infections treated? ...
Stephens, Paul in: Grubisic, Brett J., Baxter, Gisele M., and Lee, Tara, eds. Blast, Corrupt, Dismantle, Erase: Contemporary North American Dystopian Literature. Waterloo: Wilfrid Laurier University Press, 2014. p. 73-92.. ...
Abstract Background Sequence closure often represents the end-point of a genome project, without a system in place for subsequent improvement and refinement. Building on the genome project of Vibrio fischeri ES114, we used a comparative approach to identify and investigate genes that had a high likelihood of sequence error. Results Comparison of the V. fischeri ES114 genome with that of conspecific strain MJ11 identified 82 target loci in ES114 as containing likely errors, and thus of high-priority for resequencing. Analysis of the targets identified 75 loci in which an error had occurred, resulting in the correction of 10,457 base pairs to generate the new ES114 genomic sequence. A majority of the inaccurate loci involved frameshift errors, correction of which fused adjacent ORFs. Although insertions/deletions are thought to be rare in microbial genome assemblies, fourteen of the loci contained extraneous sequence of over 300 bp, likely due to imperfect contig ends that were misassembled in ...
Ramamurthy T (2008). "Antibiotic resistance in Vibrio cholerae". Vibrio cholerae: Genomics and molecular biology. Caister ... Cholera is an infection of the small intestine by some strains of the bacterium Vibrio cholerae.[4][3] Symptoms may range from ... Cholera - Vibrio cholerae infection-Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. *‹See Tfd›. "Cholera" . Encyclopædia Britannica ... Drasar BS, Forrest DB (2012-12-06). Cholera and the Ecology of Vibrio cholerae. Springer Science & Business Media. p. 24. ISBN ...
Vibrio parahemolyticus 0-31% Aeromonas hydrophila 0-30% Giardia lamblia 0-20% ...
Vibrio cholerae. 0.95. [7] Bacillus cereus. 0.93. [7] Listeria monocytogenes. 0.92, (0.90 in 30% glycerol). [9] ...
Vibrio cholerae. Location. Asia, Europe, the Americas. First outbreak. Ganges Delta, British India. ...
In some Vibrio spp. (particularly Vibrio parahaemolyticus) and related proteobacteria such as Aeromonas, two flagellar systems ... Atsumi T, McCarter L, Imae Y (January 1992). "Polar and lateral flagellar motors of marine Vibrio are driven by different ion- ... Kim YK, McCarter LL (July 2000). "Analysis of the polar flagellar gene system of Vibrio parahaemolyticus". Journal of ... Monotrichous bacteria have a single flagellum (e.g., Vibrio cholerae). Lophotrichous bacteria have multiple flagella located at ...
The animals do not produce TTX themselves; instead, it is produced by bacteria such as Alteromonas sp., Vibrio sp., and ... and Vibrio species infect or cohabit with the animal species from which TTX is isolated, and a bacterial biosynthetic pathway ...
The cause of cholera (ingesting the Vibrio cholerae bacterium from contaminated water) and the best treatment for cholera ... Waldor, Matthew; Ryan, Edward (2011). "Vibrio Cholerae". Mandell, Douglas and Bennett's Principles and Practice of Infectious ...
The larvae of Pecten maximus are attacked by the bacterium Vibrio pectenicida, which was described in 1998 as a new species ... C Lambert; JL Nicolas; V Cilia; S Corre (1998). "Vibrio pectenicida sp. nov., a pathogen of scallop (Pecten maximus) larvae. ( ...
Thiosulfate-citrate-bile salts-sucrose agar enhances growth of Vibrio spp., including Vibrio cholerae. Bile esculin agar is ... and Vibrio. Xylose-lysine-deoxycholate agar is used for the culture of stool samples and contains two indicators. It is ...
"Enterobacteriaceae, Vibrio, Campylobacter and Helicobacter". Archived from the original on 24 December 2008. Retrieved 2008-12- ...
Vibrio cholerae has shown to be a very potent pathogenic bacterium causing many pandemics and epidemics over the past three ... In 1992 a new strain appeared in Asia, a non-O1, nonagglutinable vibrio (NAG), which was named O139 Bengal. It was first ... Beardsley GW (2000). "The 1832 Cholera Epidemic in New York State: 19th Century Responses to Cholerae Vibrio (part 1)". The ... Vibrio cholerae infection , Cholera , CDC". www.cdc.gov. 2017-05-16. Archived from the original on 2015-03-17. Retrieved 2018- ...
"Vibrio fischeri NEU2011 - microbewiki". microbewiki.kenyon.edu. Retrieved 2017-11-20. Cave, James (2014-04-03). "Hawaii, Other ...
"Colwellia maris (Vibrio sp. (strain ABE-1))". www.uniprot.org. Parker, Charles Thomas; Garrity, George M (2008). Parker, ...
"Cholera - Vibrio Cholerae Infection." Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, ... Cholera is "an acute, diarrheal illness caused by infection of the intestine with the toxigenic bacterium Vibrio cholerae ...
Although the previous six pandemics were caused by the classical biotype of cholera, Vibrio cholerae, the El Tor lineage is the ... Cholera is an acute diarrhoeal infection caused by the ingestion of food or water contaminated with the bacterium Vibrio ... Vibrio cholerae and Cholera. American Society of Microbiology. pp. 297-307. doi:10.1128/9781555818364.ch19. ISBN 978-1-55581- ...
Vibrio vulnificus - warm saltwater infectious bacteria. References[edit]. .mw-parser-output .reflist{font-size:90%;margin- ...
2008). Vibrio cholerae: Genomics and Molecular Biology. Caister Academic Press. ISBN 978-1-904455-33-2.. ... Davis B, Waldor M (2003). "Filamentous phages linked to virulence of Vibrio cholerae". Curr Opin Microbiol. 6 (1): 35-42. doi: ... is AB5 multimeric protein complex secreted by the bacterium Vibrio cholerae.[1][2] CTX is responsible for the massive, watery ... Enterotoxicity of bacteria-free culture filtrate of Vibrio cholerae. Nature. 1959;183:1533-4. ...
Vibrio bacteria symbiose with marine invertebrates such as the Hawaiian bobtail squid (Euprymna scolopes), are key experimental ... In some animals, the light is bacteriogenic, produced by symbiotic bacteria such as those from the genus Vibrio; in others, it ... "Comprehensive Squid-Vibrio Publications List". University of Wisconsin-Madison. Archived from the original on 19 October 2014. ... Most luminous bacterial inhabit the marine sea, with Photobacterium and Vibrio genera dominating the marine environment. In the ...
Vibrio cholerae, and Yersinia pestis. Many viral agents have been studied and/or weaponized, including some of the Bunyaviridae ...
CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link) Frerichs, Ralph R. (2001-08-05). "Who first discovered Vibrio cholera?". UCLA School of ... Filippo Pacini, an Italian anatomist, discovers Vibrio cholerae, the bacterium that causes cholera. Louis Pasteur begins ...
A periplasmic polymer curves vibrio. J Biomed Mater Res A. 2017 ;105(8):2162-2170. Vega ME, Schwarzbauer JE. Collaboration of ...
Srivastava's researches covered the discipline of microbial genetics and he has done extensive studies of Vibrio cholerae. He ... Vibrio ecology, pathogenesis and evolution. Frontiers E-books. pp. 191-. ISBN 978-2-88919-289-2. "Welcome to Biotech Research ...
Adams, Mary E; J R Postgate (1959). "A new sulphate-reducing vibrio". Journal of General Microbiology. 20 (2): 252-257. doi: ...
... most notably Vibrio vulnificus and Vibrio parahaemolyticus. In these cases, the main danger is for immunocompromised ... Vibrio vulnificus is the most deadly seafood-borne pathogen. Depuration of oysters is a common industry practice and widely ... WHO and FAO ISBN 978-92-5-105914-2) (Impact of water salinity and types of oysters on depuration for reducing Vibrio ... In recent years, pathogens such as Vibrio parahaemolyticus have caused outbreaks in several harvesting areas of the eastern ...
Vibrio fischeri "Results for "Photobacterium"". Catalogue of Life. University of Reading, Reading, UK: The Species 2000 & ITIS ...
He called it a vibrio." Giovanni Arcangeli (1840-1921), was a botanist. The plant genus Arcangelisia from the family ...
Bacteriophages specific to the species now known as C. coli and C. fetus (previously Vibrio coli and V. fetus), were isolated ... Fletcher, R. D. (1965). "Activity and morphology of Vibrio coli phage". American Journal of Veterinary Research. 26 (111): 361- ... Firehammer, BD; Border, M (1968). "Isolation of temperate bacteriophages from Vibrio fetus". American Journal of Veterinary ...
"Vibrio vulnificus,Natural Disasters and Severe Weather". www.cdc.gov. 2017-10-11. Retrieved 2017-11-26.. ... One of the most uncommon, but well-known bacterial infections is from Vibrio vulnificus, which causes a rare, but often fatal ...
Exotoxins are also produced by a range of other bacteria including Escherichia coli; Vibrio cholerae (causative agent of ... Deborah T. Hung; Elizabeth A. Shakhnovich; Emily Pierson; John J. Mekalanos (2005). "Small-molecule inhibitor of Vibrio ...
Vibrio parahaemolyticus infections linked to fresh crab meat from Venezuelaplus icon * Vibrio parahaemolyticus infections ... Vibrio parahaemolyticus illnesses associated with consumption of shellfish, United States, 2013plus icon *Recall & Advice to ... Information on this website focuses on Vibrio species causing vibriosis. To learn about the illness caused by certain strains ... Thats because Vibrio bacteria thrive in coastal waters where oysters are harvested. ...
The most common species causing vibriosis in the United States are Vibrio parahaemolyticus, Vibrio vulnificus, and Vibrio ... Vibrio parahaemolyticus infections linked to fresh crab meat from Venezuelaplus icon * Vibrio parahaemolyticus infections ... Management of Vibrio vulnificus wound infections. V. vulnificus should be considered as a possible cause of infected wounds ... Vibrio parahaemolyticus illnesses associated with consumption of shellfish, United States, 2013plus icon *Recall & Advice to ...
Vibrio, (genus Vibrio), any of a group of comma-shaped bacteria in the family Vibrionaceae. Vibrios are aquatic microorganisms ... Alternative Title: Vibrio. Vibrio, (genus Vibrio), any of a group of comma-shaped bacteria in the family Vibrionaceae. Vibrios ... Three species of vibrio are of significance to humans: V. cholerae is the cause of cholera, and V. parahaemolyticus and V. ... Vibrio cholerae. and characterized by extreme diarrhea with rapid and severe depletion of body fluids and salts. Cholera has ...
Vibrio vulnificusis a gram-negative bacterium that can cause serious wound infections, septicemia, and diarrhea. It is the ... Israel Vibrio Study Group. Lancet 1999; 354:1421.. *Broza YY, Danin-Poleg Y, Lerner L, et al. Epidemiologic study of Vibrio ... Hybrid Vibrio vulnificus. Emerg Infect Dis 2005; 11:30.. *Wright AC, Hill RT, Johnson JA, et al. Distribution of Vibrio ... See Overview of cholera and Vibrio parahaemolyticus infections and Infections due to non-O1/O139 Vibrio cholerae.) ...
Vibrio alebo vibrión[1] je rod patriaci do čeľade Vibrionaceae. Najdôležitejšími druhmi sú Vibrio cholerae a Vibrio El Tor ( ... vibrio. In: ŠALING, Samo; IVANOVÁ-ŠALINGOVÁ, Mária; MANÍKOVÁ, Zuzana. Veľký slovník cudzích slov. 5. revid. a dopl. vyd. ... Zdroj: „https://sk.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Vibrio&oldid=5863659" ...
... Michael Galperin galperin at biotek.mcb.uconn.edu Mon Aug 12 14:01:08 EST 1996 *Previous message: Vibrio ... I am trying to get Vibrio fischerii to emit light and, despite ,,respecting the recommendations of Farghaly concerning media ...
Vibrio cholerae pathogenesis. V. cholerae causes the development of an acute diarrheal illness known as cholera. To survive in ... Vibrio cholerae (V. cholerae) is a human pathogen that utilizes quorum sensing to colonize a host and produce its toxin. ... Quorum Sensing in Vibrio cholerae. Quorum signaling is controlled by two opposing pathways: the CqsS/CqsA pathway (produces and ... Vibrio cholerae, Gram-negative bacteria. 3D illustration of bacteria with flagella. Image Credit: ktsdesign / Shutterstock ...
Vibrio cholera infections and noncholera Vibrio infections. Historically, the noncholera Vibrio species are classified as ... Vibrio infections are largely classified into two distinct groups: ... With the exception of nonhalophilic Vibrio species, such as Vibrio cholerae and Vibrio mimicus, all Vibrio species require ... Vibrio infections have no racial predilection. Because Vibrio species are natural inhabitants of sea water, Vibrio infections ...
Vibrio cholerae je mikroorganizmus, ktorý je spolu so svojim biotypom El Tor pôvodcom cholery. Patrí do rodu Vibrio a čeľade ... Podľa telového O antigénu bol druh rozdelený do 6 skupín, do prvej patrilo Vibrio cholerae a Vibrio El Tor. V rámci druhu dnes ... Zdroj: „https://sk.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Vibrio_cholerae&oldid=7173113" ...
Three-dimensional architecture of Vibrio cholera biofilms. Gerard C. L. Wong. PNAS April 5, 2016 113 (14) 3711-3713; first ... Vibrio cholera Biofilms and their 3D Structure. V. cholera is a Gram-negative bacterium that lives in coastal and brackish ... 2016) Architectural transitions in Vibrio cholerae biofilms at single-cell resolution. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 113:E2066-E2072. ... 2007) Association of Vibrio cholerae O1 El Tor and O139 Bengal with the copepods Acartia tonsa and Eurytemora affinis. Appl ...
Your basket is currently empty. i ,p>When browsing through different UniProt proteins, you can use the basket to save them, so that you can back to find or analyse them later.,p>,a href=/help/basket target=_top>More...,/a>,/p> ...
Vibrio sp. HENC-01. ›Vibrio sp. HENC-02. ›Vibrio sp. PG 001. ›Vibrio sp. PG 002. ›Vibrio sp. PG 006. ›Vibrio sp. PG 007. › ... Vibrio carchariae Grimes et al. 1985. ›Vibrio carchariae. ›Vibrio cholerae HENC-01. ›Vibrio cholerae HENC-02. ›Vibrio harveyi ( ... JCM 9677 [[Vibrio trachuri Iwamoto et al. 1996]]. ›LMG 19643 [[Vibrio trachuri Iwamoto et al. 1996]]. ›LMG:19643 [[Vibrio ... Vibrio. › Vibrio harveyi group. Strains i. › ATCC 14126 / NBRC 15634 / NCIMB 1280 ,ATCC 14126, ATCC 14126 / NCIMB 1280, NCMB ...
Make research projects and school reports about Vibrio easy with credible articles from our FREE, online encyclopedia and ... Vibrio (vib-ri-oh) n. a genus of Gram-negative motile comma-shaped bacteria widely distributed in soil and water. V. cholerae ... Vibrio (family Vibrionaceae) A genus of bacteria in which the cells are straight or curved rods, and typically have 1 or more ... Vibrio A Dictionary of Plant Sciences © A Dictionary of Plant Sciences 1998, originally published by Oxford University Press ...
Biotype-specific tcpA genes in Vibrio cholerae.. Iredell JR1, Manning PA. ... has been isolated from a variety of clinical isolates of Vibrio cholerae, and the nucleotide sequence determined. Strict ...
The two species with the greatest national public health concern are Vibrio parahaemolyticus and Vibrio vulnificus. Vibrio ... Fish and seafood harvested from seawater can be contaminated with Vibrio species bacteria, natural inhabitants of the marine ... Vibrio vulnificus infection in healthy individuals resembles Vibrio parahaemolyticus infection. Vibrio vulnificus infection in ... The two species with the greatest national public health concern are Vibrio parahaemolyticus and Vibrio vulnificus. Vibrio ...
Vibrio vulnificus, a recently described strain of the halophilic Vibriospecies, was isolated from the blood of a 73-year-old ... Vibrio vulnificus, a recently described strain of the halophilicVibrio species, was isolated from the blood of a 73-year-old ... Twenty-one patients withVibrio vulnificus infection have been reported in the Japanese literature.Vibrio vulnificus most ... Weaver RE, Ehrenkranz NJ.Vibrio parahemolytic septicaemia. Arch Intern Med 1975; 135: 197.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar ...
Scientists have shown how a bacterial protein senses changes in temperature to slacken DNA strands and boost gene expression in some foodborne pathogens.. The approach may open new avenues to control pathogenic multi-drug resistant bacteria,… ...
Vibrio is a naturally occurring bacterium found in warm, brackish seawater. Vibrio infections are rare, and…. Continue Reading ... Vibrio parahaemolyticus in a culture dish. It can infect people through raw seafood and open wounds Vibrio increase concerns ... The meeting on Vibrio parahaemolyticus and Vibrio vulnificus was hosted by the Centre…. Continue Reading Seafood safety ... The study examined levels of coliform bacteria, E. coli, Listeria monocytogenes, Vibrio vulnificus, and Vibrio cholerae in 700 ...
Vision in fishes and crustaceans is a fascinating and understudied area. In past decades, there were far more studies on the visual systems of sea-dwelling creatures, but with the push towards applied or translational research, the number of reports in these species have dropped off, much to our detriment as one never knows where the […]. ...
"Vibrio vulnificus". NCBI Genome Project. Retrieved 2005-09-01.. *^ a b "Vibrio Species Causing Vibriosis - Questions and ... Vibrio vulnificus is a species of Gram-negative, motile, curved rod-shaped (bacillus), pathogenic bacteria of the genus Vibrio ... "lactose-positive vibrio".[6] It was subsequently given the name Beneckea vulnifica,[1] and finally Vibrio vulnificus by Farmer ... "Vibrio vulnificus fact sheet" (PDF). issc.org. Archived from the original (PDF) on 21 July 2016. Retrieved August 1, 2016.. ...
The proposed conservation of the generic name Vibrio Pacini 1854 and designation of the neotype strain of Vibrio cholerae ... However, Vibrio Müller, 1773 became regarded as the name of a zoological genus, and the name of the bacterial genus became ... Vibrio is a genus of Gram-negative bacteria, possessing a curved-rod (comma) shape, several species of which can cause ... Many Vibrio species are also zoonotic. They cause disease in fish and shellfish, and are common causes of mortality among ...
Thus, these members of the genus Vibrio, and most likely all Vibrio species, have two unique replicons. ... The Vibrio cholerae genome contains two unique circular chromosomes. Michele Trucksis, Jane Michalski, Ying Kang Deng, James B. ... The Vibrio cholerae genome contains two unique circular chromosomes. Michele Trucksis, Jane Michalski, Ying Kang Deng, James B. ... 1990) in Cloning, Sequencing, and Expression of the Gene, nanH, for Vibrio cholerae Neuraminidase, eds Sack R B, Zinnaka Y(KTK ...
Peptide deformylase from Vibrio cholerae.. Osipiuk, J., Mulligan, R., Papazisi, L., Anderson, W.F., Joachimiak, A.. To be ... Vibrio cholerae. Mutation(s): 0 Gene Names: def, def2, VC_A0150. EC: ... Find proteins for Q9KN16 (Vibrio cholerae serotype O1 (strain ATCC 39315 / El Tor Inaba N16961)) ...
If untreated vibrio vulnificus can enter the bloodstream, and people with weakened immune systems can become seriously ill or ... Vibrio vulnificus is responsible for a spate of infections and deaths in Florida, and medical experts say the bacteria is ... Vibrio vulnificus has hit this summer in a region already ravaged by a different bacteria. Naegleria fowleri, a freshwater ...
Vibrio harveyi strain ATCC BAA-1116 (recently reclassified as Vibrio campbellii), one of the best-characterized model organisms ... Vibrio cholerae Is the Subject Area "Vibrio cholerae" applicable to this article? Yes. No. ... Vibrio Is the Subject Area "Vibrio" applicable to this article? Yes. No. ...
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... Flagellar stain of V. cholerae Scientific classification Kingdom: Bacteria Phylum: Proteobacteria Class: Gamma ... Pathogenic Vibrio include V. cholerae (the causative agent of cholera), V. parahaemolyticus, and V. vulnificus. Vibrio cholerae ... Vibrio is a genus of Gram-negative bacteria possessing a curved rod shape.[1] [2] Typically found in saltwater, Vibrio are ... Vibrio fischeri, V. phosphoreum, and V. harveyi are notable not for any pathogenic abilities, but for their ability to ...
Characterization of non-O1 serovar Vibrio cholerae (Vibrio albensis). Syst. Appl. Microbiol. 6: 203-209, 1985. ... Characterization of non-O1 serovar Vibrio cholerae (Vibrio albensis). Syst. Appl. Microbiol. 6: 203-209, 1985. ... Vibrio albensis Lehmann and Neumann Depositors. R Spencer Chain of custody. ATCC <-- R Spencer <-- A. Kluyver <-- N. van der ... Yes; type strain of Vibrio albensis Isolation source. Fish from the Elbe River Product format. Freeze-dried ...
Vibrio cholerae: Water contaminated with human faeces, cholera enterotoxin (life-threatening diarrhea).
Vibrio ... Selective & Differential Media for Vibrio. TCBS Agar for microbiology Vibrio Selective Agar * pricing ... Vibrio cholerae: Water contaminated with human faeces, cholera enterotoxin (life-threatening diarrhea).. Vibrio ... Selective media for Vibrio. Glucose Salt Teepol™ Broth for microbiology GSTB * pricing ...
  • That's because Vibrio bacteria thrive in coastal waters where oysters are harvested. (cdc.gov)
  • Vibrio are gram-negative bacteria that are naturally found in warm, salty marine environments, such as salt water and brackish water. (cdc.gov)
  • Vibrio bacteria can also cause wound or soft tissue infections. (cdc.gov)
  • In people with underlying medical conditions, especially liver disease, Vibrio bacteria can cause bloodstream infections characterized by fever, chills, dangerously low blood pressure, blistering skin lesions, and sometimes death. (cdc.gov)
  • Infection is diagnosed when Vibrio bacteria are found in the stool, wound, or blood of a patient who has symptoms of vibriosis. (cdc.gov)
  • Vibrio bacteria can be detected by culture-independent diagnostic testing (CIDT) or isolated by culture from a clinical specimen. (cdc.gov)
  • Vibrio , (genus Vibrio ), any of a group of comma-shaped bacteria in the family Vibrionaceae. (britannica.com)
  • Vibrio cholerae, Gram-negative bacteria. (news-medical.net)
  • Vibrio is a genus of Gram-negative bacteria, possessing a curved-rod (comma) shape, several species of which can cause foodborne infection, usually associated with eating undercooked seafood. (wikipedia.org)
  • Vibrio species typically possess two chromosomes, which is unusual for bacteria. (wikipedia.org)
  • When ingested Vibrio bacteria can primarily result in watery diarrhea along with other secondary symptoms.The pathogenic features can be linked to quorum sensing, where bacteria are able to express their virulence factor via their signalling molecules. (wikipedia.org)
  • Vibrio (family Vibrionaceae ) A genus of bacteria in which the cells are straight or curved rods, and typically have 1 or more flagella at 1 end. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Vibrio ( vib -ri-oh) n. a genus of Gram-negative motile comma-shaped bacteria widely distributed in soil and water. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Fish and seafood harvested from seawater can be contaminated with Vibrio species bacteria, natural inhabitants of the marine environment. (osu.edu)
  • As of 2007, diagnosed infections with Vibrio bacteria are required to be reported to the CDC in order to help monitor trends in the disease. (osu.edu)
  • Infection with Vibrio species bacteria is mostly associated with consumption of seafood, especially raw oysters, or undercooked seafood. (osu.edu)
  • The bacteria is able to use glucose to yield gas and is negative for the oxidase test, which are both quite unique characteristics for the Vibrio species. (wikipedia.org)
  • Vibrio vulnificus is a species of Gram-negative , motile, curved rod-shaped (bacillus), pathogenic bacteria of the genus Vibrio . (wikipedia.org)
  • Vibrio vulnificus is responsible for a spate of infections and deaths in Florida, and medical experts say the bacteria is especially hard to detect and unusually quick to spread. (inquisitr.com)
  • Vibrio vulnificus has hit this summer in a region already ravaged by a different bacteria. (inquisitr.com)
  • Vibrio is a genus of Gram-negative bacteria possessing a curved rod shape. (bionity.com)
  • Vibrio parahaemolyticus and V. vulnificus are naturally occuring human pathogenic bacteria commonly found in estuarine environments where oysters are cultured. (usda.gov)
  • Vibrio vulnificus can be contracted one of two ways: From ingesting the bacteria or allowing it to enter the body through open cuts or scrapes, officials say. (upi.com)
  • Vibrio vulnificus is often known colloquially as a "flesh-eating" bacteria because of its ability to break down the epidermal layers and form blistering lesions when people contract the infection through open cuts or scrapes. (upi.com)
  • (CNN) - There have been a number of recent reports warning the public of the dangers of Vibrio bacteria from eating certain foods or swimming at the beach. (clickondetroit.com)
  • There are about 12 species of Vibrio bacteria that cause sickness in humans, known as vibriosis, according to the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (clickondetroit.com)
  • Vibrio vulnificus is occasionally mislabeled as 'flesh-eating' bacteria, though it actually damages the skin. (clickondetroit.com)
  • Actual growth of Vibrio parahaemolyticus or other bacteria in food should be assessed using the methods formally approved by relevant Canadian and other federal, provincial, state, and local regulations pertaining to food safety. (bccdc.ca)
  • This Vibrio parahaemolyticus growth calculator is a research tool, to be used for scientific research purposes only, designed to help the user estimate the growth of this bacteria for specific combinations of time and temperature. (bccdc.ca)
  • Flesh-eating bacteria Vibrio Vulnificus is starting to resurface in the Gulf and this man who just finished with his tattoo session wasn't too lucky. (inquisitr.com)
  • CNN reports that the flesh-eating bacteria called Vibrio Vulnificus has again caused another man his life. (inquisitr.com)
  • The unnamed man whose life was claimed by the flesh-eating bacteria called Vibrio Vulnificus was reported to have enjoyed a good swim in the Gulf of Mexico only five days after he got his tattoo. (inquisitr.com)
  • His condition continued to worsen within the month and in two months, Vibrio Vulnificus bacteria claims his life and he dies of septic shock. (inquisitr.com)
  • While the flesh-eating bacteria that is Vibrio Vulnificus is fairly rare, doctors believe that a lot of the cases tend to go unreported. (inquisitr.com)
  • In her second talk, McFall-Ngai tells the story of a symbiosis between the Hawaiian bobtail squid and Vibrio fischeri (V. fischeri), a type of luminescent bacteria that enables the squid to hunt at night. (esp.org)
  • Although cell density-dependent regulation of the luminescence genes in Vibrio fischeri is a model for quorum sensing in Gram-negative bacteria, relatively little is known about the promoter of the luminescence operon. (ingentaconnect.com)
  • Lake Okeechobee discharges create perfect habitat for deadly Vibrio bacteria in St. (tcpalm.com)
  • Lake Okeechobee discharges create perfect habitat for deadly Vibrio bacteria in St.... Fresh water lowers salinity, making most of the lagoon perfect for bacteria that's killed possibly three people on Treasure Coast since 2012. (tcpalm.com)
  • The bacteria, Vibrio vulnificus, thrives in water that's a bit salty, but not too salty - and all that freshwater is lowering the lagoon's salinity. (tcpalm.com)
  • Water with a salinity level between 5 parts per thousand and 25 parts per thousand is likely to contain Vibrio, said Gabrielle Barbarite, a graduate student at Florida Atlantic University's Harbor Branch Oceanographic Institute at Fort Pierce , who has been studying the bacteria for several years. (tcpalm.com)
  • Vibrio vulnificus food poisoning occurs when you eat seafood infected with the bacteria or you have an open wound that is exposed to them. (uwhealth.org)
  • Although pathogenic bacteria often rely on a specialized molecular motor to retract their pili, a new study in PLOS Pathogens reveals that a minor pilin protein elicits pilus retraction in the cholera bacterium, Vibrio cholerae . (eurekalert.org)
  • 4. The Vibrio bacteria is most potent during summer months, and most infections occur from May through October when water temperatures are warmer. (mysanantonio.com)
  • Considering taking medication to treat infection+due+to+the+bacteria+vibrio+cholerae? (webmd.com)
  • Below is a list of common medications used to treat or reduce the symptoms of infection+due+to+the+bacteria+vibrio+cholerae. (webmd.com)
  • In a study published today in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences , researchers from the University of Georgia found that Vibrio bacteria respond rapidly to this influx of iron-rich Saharan dust, leading to large blooms of the potentially harmful bacteria in ocean surface water. (phys.org)
  • Vibrio bacteria, common to ocean waters worldwide, are probably best known for their ability to cause serious illness in humans and other marine organisms. (phys.org)
  • While we are interested in how the population dynamics of Vibrio might cause disease, for this study we wanted to use Vibrio 's opportunistic behavior as a model for how bacteria could exploit the availability of new nutrients and, in particular, iron delivered in dust. (phys.org)
  • Vibrio cases are increasing at a higher rate than many other bacterial pathogens in the U.S., which could be due in part to Vibrio bacteria populations in coastal waters expanding with rising sea surface temperatures, Lipp said. (phys.org)
  • Colorized light micrograph showing Vibrio cholerae bacteria, the causative agent of cholera, an infectious and contagious disease characterized by brutal diarrhoea. (sciencephoto.com)
  • Illnesses caused by Vibrio cholerae O1 and O139 strains that produce cholera toxin are defined by the World Health Organization as cholera . (cdc.gov)
  • CDC recommends culture confirmation of CIDT positive specimens, when possible, because specific performance characteristics (such as sensitivity, specificity, and positive predictive value) of CIDTs are currently unknown and CIDTs do not differentiate between non-cholera Vibrio - which is necessary to decide on treatment and follow-up. (cdc.gov)
  • Cholera , an acute infection of the small intestine caused by the bacterium Vibrio cholerae and characterized by extreme diarrhea with rapid and severe depletion of body fluids and salts. (britannica.com)
  • The disease cholera, caused by 'epidemic' strains of Vibrio cholerae , infections caused by Vibrio parahaemolyticus , and illnesses associated with other Vibrio strains and species are discussed separately. (uptodate.com)
  • See 'Overview of cholera' and 'Vibrio parahaemolyticus infections' and 'Infections due to non-O1/O139 Vibrio cholerae' . (uptodate.com)
  • Vibrio cholera infections and noncholera Vibrio infections. (medscape.com)
  • A review of Cholera and Other Vibrio Illness Surveillance (COVIS) data from 1997-2006 reported that of 4754 Vibrio species-related illnesses, 1210 (25%) were nonfoodborne Vibrio infections (NFVIs). (medscape.com)
  • Other examples of misplaced microbes that become dangerous or even lethal include Clostridium difficile infections in the gut, Pseudomonas aeruginosa infections in cystic fibrosis airways, and Vibrio cholera , the aquatic microbe that sometimes finds its way into a human host, and the subject of the present study by Drescher et al. (pnas.org)
  • Pathogenic Vibrio species include V. cholerae (the causative agent of cholera), V. parahaemolyticus, and V. vulnificus. (wikipedia.org)
  • Vibrio cholerae , the causal agent of cholera. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Vibrio cholera , along with these two species, are pathogens of public health concern in other areas of the world. (osu.edu)
  • Clinical manifestations of halophilic non-cholera vibrio infections. (springer.com)
  • Vibrio cholerae , the etiologic agent of the diarrheal disease cholera, is a Gram-negative bacterium that belongs to the γ subdivision of the family Proteobacteriaceae. (pnas.org)
  • 20% of vcsN2 and vspD ), cholera toxin ( ctxA ), toxin co-regulated diarrheal infections are caused by pathogenic Vibrio spp. (cdc.gov)
  • Vibrio cholerae, the etiological agent of cholera, employs quorum sensing (QS) pathways to control the expression of virulence factors, including the production of cholera toxin and biofilm formation. (usda.gov)
  • Not to be mistaken for its pathological cousin, Vibrio cholera, V. fischeri is a team player. (giantmicrobes.com)
  • These are interesting organisms and range in scale from massive global epidemics -- cholera -- to infrequent but lethal infections -- Vibrio vulnificus,' said Rita Colwell, a professor in the University of Maryland's Department of Cell Biology & Molecular Genetics and former director of the National Science Foundation. (clickondetroit.com)
  • The name Vibrio derives from Filippo Pacini who isolated microorganisms he called "vibrions" from cholera patients in 1854 . (wikipedia.org)
  • 1994. Vibrio cholerae and Cholera: Molecular to Global Perspectives . (wikipedia.org)
  • While studying virulence gene regulation in Vibrio cholerae during infection of the host small intestine, we identified VieA as a two-component response regulator that contributes to activating expression of cholera toxin. (nih.gov)
  • Vibrio cholerae is a bacterium causing the disease cholera . (wikipedia.org)
  • Vibrio Vulnificus is a bacterial microorganism that's from the same family as the type that causes cholera. (inquisitr.com)
  • cholera in Kenya, we analyzed the genetic relationships however, these estimates are thought to be substantially among 170 Vibrio cholerae O1 isolates at 5 loci containing underestimated because many countries where cholera is variable tandem repeats. (cdc.gov)
  • Cholera, caused by the bacterium Vibrio cholerae and disputed results that triggered periods of protest, violence, characterized by a profuse watery diarrhea, has been public transportation disruption, and work stoppages a serious public health problem since the fi rst recorded throughout the country. (cdc.gov)
  • S. Rudra, R. Mahajan, M. Mathur, K. Kathuria, and V. Talwar, "Cluster of cases of clinical cholera due to Vibrio cholerae 010 in east Delhi," Indian Journal of Medical Research , vol. 103, pp. 71-73, 1996. (hindawi.com)
  • The AraC/XylS-family transcriptional regulator ToxT is the master virulence activator of Vibrio cholerae , the gram-negative bacterial pathogen that causes the diarrheal disease cholera. (nature.com)
  • Toxigenic Vibrio cholerae causes disease by producing the primary virulence factors cholera toxin (CT) and the toxin coregulated pilus (TCP). (nature.com)
  • The pathogenic agent of cholera is Vibrio cholerae , a Gram-negative, curved-rod shaped bacterium (Figure 1). (kenyon.edu)
  • Vibrio vulnificus is a bacterium in the same family as those that cause cholera. (southernnevadahealthdistrict.org)
  • To the editor: I read with great interest the case report by Fearrington and associates, "Non-Cholera Vibrio Septicemia and Meningoencephalitis," ( Ann Intern Med 81: 401, 1974) and was disturbed by what appears both an inadequate identification of the organism and inadequate review of the pertinent literature. (annals.org)
  • The Gram-negative bacterium Vibrio cholerae is an important human pathogen that causes the pandemic disease Cholera. (europa.eu)
  • ICD-9 code 001.0 for Cholera due to vibrio cholerae is a medical classification as listed by WHO under the range -INTESTINAL INFECTIOUS DISEASES (001-009). (aapc.com)
  • Cholera is a severe, water-borne diarrhoeal disease caused by toxin-producing strains of the bacterium Vibrio cholerae. (harvard.edu)
  • Here we report the identification of a small molecule inhibitor of Vibrio cholerae virulence regulation and demonstrate its ability to inhibit bacterial colonization in an animal model of cholera. (sciencemag.org)
  • INTRODUCTION - Vibrio vulnificus is a gram-negative bacterium that can cause serious wound infections, septicemia, and diarrhea [ 1-3 ]. (uptodate.com)
  • vibrio Any comma-shaped bacterium. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Vibrio ("Beneckea") vulnificus , the bacterium associated with sepsis, septicemia, and the sea. (springer.com)
  • Vibrio is a naturally occurring bacterium found in warm, brackish seawater. (foodsafetynews.com)
  • Florida health officials said two people have died so far this year of vibrio vulnificus -- a rare bacterium that exists in warm sea water and can enter the body through ingestion or through a cut or scrape in the skin. (upi.com)
  • TALLAHASSEE, Fla., June 13 (UPI) -- Two people have died so far this year in Florida after contracting vibrio vulnificus, a bacterium that lurks in warm seawater, health officials said. (upi.com)
  • The Florida Department of Health said there have been eight infections and two deaths reported in 2015 from vibrio vulnificus, a bacterium that thrives in salty and warm water. (upi.com)
  • A gene encoding an Na+/H+ antiporter was cloned from chromosomal DNA of Vibrio parahaemolyticus, a slightly halophilic bacterium, and expressed in Escherichia coli cells. (nih.gov)
  • Vibrio halioticoli is a non-flagellated, bacilli shaped bacterium. (kenyon.edu)
  • Vibrio halioticoli Spm nov., a non-motile alginolytic marine bacterium isolated from the gut of the abalone Haliotis discus hannai. (kenyon.edu)
  • Vibrio parahaemolyticus (V.p.) is a naturally occurring motile bacterium that inhabits coastal waters in BC. (bccdc.ca)
  • The term quorum sensing was originally coined to describe the mechanism underlying the onset of luminescence production in cultures of the marine bacterium Vibrio fischeri . (mdpi.com)
  • The next-generation microbial chassis Vibrio natriegens ( V. natriegens ) is a fast-growing Gram-negative, non-pathogenic bacterium with a generation time of less than 10 min. (frontiersin.org)
  • Vibrio vulnificus food poisoning is caused by Vibrio vulnificus , a bacterium that lives in warm seawater. (uwhealth.org)
  • In the new study, lead author Silvia Moriano-Gutierrez, a postdoctoral fellow in the Pacific Biosciences Research Center at SOEST, and co-authors found a specific bacterial sRNA that is typically responsible for quality control of the production of protein in the bacterium plays an essential role in the symbiosis between Vibrio fischeri and the squid. (news-medical.net)
  • The life cycle of Vibrio cholerae allows the bacterium to live for years in an aquatic environment, its natural reservoir, where it survives adherent to crustaceans, algae and zooplankton. (renalandurologynews.com)
  • Vibrio vulnificus is a bacterium that normally lives in warm seawater and is part of a group of vibrios that are called "halophilic" because they require salt. (visitflorida.org)
  • Following experimental evolution and whole-genome resequencing of the marine bacterium Vibrio splendidus 12B01, we discovered one such mechanism, which allows this bacterium to switch to an elevated mutation rate. (mit.edu)
  • Information on this website focuses on Vibrio species causing vibriosis. (cdc.gov)
  • More than 20 Vibrio species can cause the human illness vibriosis. (cdc.gov)
  • The most common species causing vibriosis in the United States are Vibrio parahaemolyticus , Vibrio vulnificus , and Vibrio alginolyticus . (cdc.gov)
  • Historically, the noncholera Vibrio species are classified as halophilic or nonhalophilic, depending on their requirement of sodium chloride for growth. (medscape.com)
  • In 2007, the surveillance was expanded to national notification of infections caused by any Vibrio species. (medscape.com)
  • Although V parahaemolyticus is the most common noncholera Vibrio species reported to cause infection, V vulnificus is associated with up to 94% of noncholera Vibrio infection-related deaths. (medscape.com)
  • Vibrio species are oxidase-positive, gram-negative bacilli. (medscape.com)
  • With the exception of nonhalophilic Vibrio species, such as Vibrio cholerae and Vibrio mimicus , all Vibrio species require saline for growth. (medscape.com)
  • Vibrio species can produce multiple extracellular cytotoxins and enzymes that are associated with extensive tissue damage and that may play a major role in the development of sepsis (see Table 1). (medscape.com)
  • Typically found in salt water, Vibrio species are facultative anaerobes that test positive for oxidase and do not form spores. (wikipedia.org)
  • O. F. Müller (1773, 1786) described eight species of the genus Vibrio (included in Infusoria), three of which were spirilliforms. (wikipedia.org)
  • Several species of Vibrio are pathogens. (wikipedia.org)
  • Pathogenic Vibrio species can cause foodborne illness (infection), usually associated with eating undercooked seafood. (wikipedia.org)
  • Many Vibrio species are also zoonotic. (wikipedia.org)
  • Although most Vibrio species are sensitive to antibiotics such as doxycycline or quinolones, antibiotic therapy does not shorten the course of the illness or the duration of pathogen excretion. (wikipedia.org)
  • The two species with the greatest national public health concern are Vibrio parahaemolyticus and Vibrio vulnificus . (osu.edu)
  • The exact number of Vibrio species cases that occur each year is hard to determine because many people attribute their illness to a virus or flu. (osu.edu)
  • Vibrio vulnificus , a recently described strain of the halophilic Vibrio species, was isolated from the blood of a 73-year-old man, who developed rapidly progressive wound infection and fatal septicemia. (springer.com)
  • Hollis DG, Weaver RE, Baker CN, Thornsberry C. Halophilic vibrio species isolated from blood cultures. (springer.com)
  • This organism is a strain that most likely belongs to the species Vibrio and therefore the family, Vibrionaceae. (wikipedia.org)
  • The sequence of the strain has been shown through phylogenetic analysis to indicate that it has a similar sequence to other Vibrio species. (wikipedia.org)
  • In addition, data shows that this organism could be a new species because the 16S rDNA sequence is at most "96±2%" similar to other Vibrio species. (wikipedia.org)
  • Several species of Vibrio include clinically important human pathogens . (bionity.com)
  • Vibrio parahaemolyticus, Vibrio vulnificus and Vibrio alginolyticus are the three most common species that cause illness in the United States, reports the CDC. (clickondetroit.com)
  • Vibrio parahaemolyticus is the most commonly reported species, responsible for 45,000 of the 80,000 Vibrio illnesses per year in the United States, the CDC says. (clickondetroit.com)
  • Several strains of Vibrio species will be sequenced under this project. (jcvi.org)
  • Several strains of Vibrio cholerae and closely related Vibrio species have been approved for sequencing under this project. (jcvi.org)
  • Currently, the Vibrio genus contains more than 60 different species, although complete genome sequences are available for only 10. (kenyon.edu)
  • Whether Vibrio mimicus is a variant of Vibrio cholerae or a separate species has been the subject of taxonomic controversy. (umd.edu)
  • 2. There are about a dozen Vibrio species know to cause vibriosis in humans. (mysanantonio.com)
  • 3. The exact Vibrio species that causes vibriosis naturally lives in warm, coastal salt water . (mysanantonio.com)
  • In 2007, infections caused by Vibrio vulnificus and other vibrio species became nationally notifiable. (visitflorida.org)
  • However, Vibrio Müller, 1773 became regarded as the name of a zoological genus, and the name of the bacterial genus became Vibrio Pacini, 1854. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Vibrio genus represents a large subgroup of Gammaproteobacteria, which are abundant and fast growers. (kenyon.edu)
  • 16S rDNA sequences indicated that the isolate should be assigned to the genus Vibrio. (kenyon.edu)
  • It is part of the genus Vibrio , in the family Vibrionaceae . (wikipedia.org)
  • Extensive genomic rearrangement in C-II indicates it is a hot spot for evolution and genesis of speciation for the genus Vibrio. (umd.edu)
  • Vibrio alebo vibrión [1] je rod patriaci do čeľade Vibrionaceae . (wikipedia.org)
  • The Vibrionaceae family includes the genera Vibrio, Plesiomonas , and Aeromonas . (medscape.com)
  • Vibrio fischeri , V. phosphoreum , and V. harveyi are notable not for any pathogenic abilities, but for their ability to communicate. (bionity.com)
  • For tropical winter fun, check out our new bioluminescent microbe Vibrio Fischeri. (giantmicrobes.com)
  • FACTS: Vibrio fischeri is a marine microbe known for its ability to emit light, or bioluminescence. (giantmicrobes.com)
  • 2020) The noncoding small RNA SsrA is released by Vibrio fischeri and modulates critical host responses. (news-medical.net)
  • This page describes characterisation for part BBa K325909 , the lux operon from Vibrio fischeri . (igem.org)
  • This page described the lux operon from Vibrio fischeri. (igem.org)
  • It has been shown that the expression of the Vibrio fischeri lux operon when cloned into E. coli was repressed. (igem.org)
  • J. Slock, (1995) Transformation Experiments Using Bioluminescence Genes of Vibrio fischeri , The American Biology Teacher , 57 , 225-227. (igem.org)
  • S. Ulitzur, (1998) H-NS controls the transcription of three promoters of Vibrio fischeri lux cloned in Escherichia coli , Journal of Bioluminescence and Chemiluminescence , 13 (4), 185-188. (igem.org)
  • that were collected during 2002-2009 from 11,904 stool and Thandavarayan Ramamurthy specimens from patients with diarrhea admitted to the Infectious Diseases and Beliaghata General Hospital, We identifi ed 131 strains of Vibrio fl uvialis among 400 Kolkata, India. (cdc.gov)
  • The aims of this study were to follow the biofilm formation dynamics of Vibrio strains isolated from samples of seafood and food contact surfaces (FCS) and to propose a new BFI. (usda.gov)
  • This research aimed to study the abundance and molecular diversity of Vibrio parahaemolyticus-specific Halobacteriovorax strains isolated from seawater of the Adriatic Sea and the relationship between predator and prey abundances. (usda.gov)
  • Moreover, predator efficiency of the Halobacteriovorax isolates toward V. parahaemolyticus and Vibrio cholerae non-O1/O139 strains was tested. (usda.gov)
  • We will assemble and release the sequences for the three Vibrio strains being sequenced to 8X at the 3X coverage. (jcvi.org)
  • Vibrio strains belonging to the Splendidus clade have been repeatedly found in juvenile diseased oysters affected by summer mortalities. (archives-ouvertes.fr)
  • Because most Vibrio infections are associated with the consumption of contaminated food, these infections are often considered a foodborne disease. (medscape.com)
  • The prevalence of noncholera Vibrio infections in the United States appears to have increased in recent years. (medscape.com)
  • Since 1988, the CDC has maintained a voluntary surveillance system for culture-confirmed Vibrio infections in the Gulf Coast region (Alabama, Florida, Louisiana, Mississippi, and Texas). (medscape.com)
  • In 2011, the CDC estimated about 8,000 cases of Vibrio infections in the United States annually, including 4,500 cases of Vibrio parahaemolyticus infection and approximately 100 cases of Vibrio vulnificus infection. (medscape.com)
  • Based on data comparing statistics from 2006-2008 to statistics from 2013, the rate of reported Vibrio infections rose 75% and were at the highest level observed since active tracking began in 1996, according to a recent CDC report. (medscape.com)
  • In the event of a natural disaster, the disturbance to the environment may increase the risk of infectious diseases such as Vibrio infections. (medscape.com)
  • During the 2 weeks following Hurricane Katrina in August 2005, the CDC reported 22 new cases of Vibrio infections in Louisiana and Mississippi. (medscape.com)
  • [ 7 ] The increased incidence of Vibrio wound infections in the residents of Gulf Coast states was most likely associated with the exposure of skin and soft-tissue injuries to the contaminated floodwaters. (medscape.com)
  • As of 2013 in the United States, Vibrio infections as a whole were up 43% when compared with the rates observed in 2006-2008. (wikipedia.org)
  • Foodborne Vibrio infections are most often associated with eating raw shellfish. (wikipedia.org)
  • Clinicians should therefore consider the possibility of Vibrio vulnificus infection in the differential diagnosis of severe wound infections. (springer.com)
  • Role of iron in the pathogenesis of Vibrio vulnificus infections. (springer.com)
  • The Florida Department of Health has reported eight confirmed Vibrio vulnificus infections, including two deaths, so far this year. (foodsafetynews.com)
  • Vibrio vulnificus infections can be a serious concern for people who have weakened immune systems, particularly those with chronic liver disease," the Florida DOH website states. (upi.com)
  • Vibrio alginolyticus typically causes ear infections and swimmer's ear, said James D. Oliver, a professor of microbiology in the Department of Biological Sciences at the University of North Carolina at Charlotte. (clickondetroit.com)
  • The other exception to the generally static foodborne disease picture was the incidence of Vibrio infections, which was 43% higher than in the baseline period, though the shellfish-linked illnesses remain rare. (umn.edu)
  • K. C. Klontz, "Fatalities associated with Vibrio parahaemolyticus and Vibrio cholerae non-O1 infections in Florida (1981 to 1988)," Southern Medical Journal , vol. 83, no. 5, pp. 500-502, 1990. (hindawi.com)
  • Symptoms of Vibrio vulnificus in wound infections typically include swelling, pain and redness at the wound site. (visitflorida.org)
  • Between 1988 and 2006, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) received reports of more than 900 Vibrio vulnificus infections from the Gulf Coast states, where most cases occur. (visitflorida.org)
  • What are some tips for preventing Vibrio vulnificus infections? (visitflorida.org)
  • http://www.floridahealth.gov/diseases-and-conditions/vibrio-infections/vibrio-vulnificus/ and http://www.cdc.gov/vibrio/vibriov.html or call your local county health department. (visitflorida.org)
  • Vibrio vulnificus also causes life-threatening illness from wound infections acquired in the marine environment [ 3 ]. (hindawi.com)
  • Vibrio vulnificus infection in healthy individuals resembles Vibrio parahaemolyticus infection. (osu.edu)
  • Vibrio vulnificus infection in immune-compromised persons, especially those with chronic liver disease, is very serious and is often fatal. (osu.edu)
  • If Vibrio vulnificus infection is suspected, treatment should be sought immediately, as antibiotic therapy has been shown to increase survival rates. (osu.edu)
  • Twenty-one patients with Vibrio vulnificus infection have been reported in the Japanese literature. (springer.com)
  • Yoshida S, Tanabe T, Yamamoto S, Tiba S, Mizuguchi Y. Fetal Vibrio vulnificus infection in a patient with aplastic anemia. (springer.com)
  • Ibuprofen augments pro-inflammatory cytokine release and increases mortality in a mouse model of Vibrio vulnificus infection. (greenmedinfo.com)
  • How common is Vibrio vulnificus infection? (visitflorida.org)
  • Patients with noncholera Vibrio wound infection or sepsis are much more ill and frequently have other medical conditions. (wikipedia.org)
  • Leg gangrene and endotoxic shock due to Vibrio parahemolyticusan infection acquired in New England coastal water. (springer.com)
  • Dr. Penico reiterates that people with strong immune systems will be strong enough to fight the infection but those with underlying hepatitis, sorosis, diabetes, or weak liver from drinking too much alcohol are very susceptible to the risk that the Vibrio Vulnificus poses. (inquisitr.com)
  • Mandlik A, Livny J, Robins WP, Ritchie JM, Mekalanos JJ, Waldor MK (2011) RNA-Seq-based monitoring of infection-linked changes in Vibrio cholerae gene expression. (springer.com)
  • SANDS M. Vibrio fetus Infection. (annals.org)
  • hi judy very good post to read - abt Vibrio i started to pursue master's in microbiology this semester and i'll start working in a QC microbiology lab soon (my first job in a biological/micro field). (bio.net)
  • To the Editor: On 16 June, the microbiology unit of the Hospital of Lodi communicated to the local public health unit that Vibrio cholerae had been isolated and identified by standard biochemical tests in stool samples of an outpatient whose clinical data were unknown. (thefreelibrary.com)
  • Clinical and environmental isolates of Vibrio cholerae serogroup O141 carry the CTX phage and the genes encoding the toxin-coregulated pili," Journal of Clinical Microbiology , vol. 39, no. 11, pp. 4086-4092, 2001. (hindawi.com)
  • Vibrio vulnificus most frequently causes primary septicemia and necrotising cellulitis after the eating of raw fish or shellfish or after exposure to seawater. (springer.com)
  • Lactose-positive vibrio in seawater: A case of pneumonia and septicemia in a drowning victim. (springer.com)
  • Pseudomonas harveyi ›strain 1116b [[Vibrio carchariae Grimes et al. (uniprot.org)
  • 1985]] ›strain T9210 [[Vibrio trachuri Iwamoto et al. (uniprot.org)
  • V. cholerae S-21, a non-O1 clinical isolate and Vibrio mimicus strain 2031 were a gift of J. Powell, Division of Hospital Epidemiology, University of Maryland, Baltimore. (pnas.org)
  • Another notable strain, Vibrio cholerae, is not widespread in the US. (clickondetroit.com)
  • Acute gastroenteritis caused by a Vibrio cholerae non-O1, non-O139 strain harboring a genetic region homologous to the VpaI-7 pathogenicity Island," Revista Chilena de Infectologia , vol. 28, no. 5, pp. 470-473, 2011. (hindawi.com)
  • To better explore the genetic ancestry of the Haiti outbreak strain, we acquired 23 whole-genome Vibrio cholerae sequences: 9 isolates obtained in Haiti or the Dominican Republic, 12 PFGE pattern-matched isolates linked to Asia or Africa, and 2 nonmatched outliers from the Western Hemisphere. (unboundmedicine.com)
  • If untreated vibrio vulnificus can enter the bloodstream , and people with weakened immune systems can become seriously ill or even die . (inquisitr.com)
  • Vibrio alginolyticus was isolated from a spoiled horse mackerel which caused food poisoning in Japan. (thelabrat.com)
  • A range of flavan-3-ols, ellagitannins and chemically defined proanthocyanidin fractions was evaluated in comparison to oseltamivir carboxylate and zanamivir for their inhibitory activities against viral influenza A (H1N1) and bacterial Vibrio cholerae neuraminidase (VCNA). (rcsb.org)
  • Evidence that such correspondence occurs is provided for Vibrio cholerae, establishing a critical role for environmental parameters in bacterial diversity. (umd.edu)
  • ATCC 35084 [[Vibrio carchariae Grimes et al. (uniprot.org)
  • The tcpA gene, encoding the structural subunit of the toxin-coregulated pilus, has been isolated from a variety of clinical isolates of Vibrio cholerae, and the nucleotide sequence determined. (nih.gov)
  • Biotype-specific tcpA genes in Vibrio cholerae. (nih.gov)
  • Here we report that VieA represses transcription of Vibrio exopolysaccharide synthesis (vps) genes involved in biofilm formation by a mechanism independent of its phosphorelay and DNA-binding activities. (nih.gov)
  • C-II encodes a variant of Vibrio pathogenicity island 2 (VPI-2), and Vibrio seventh pandemic island II (VSP-II) cluster of genes. (umd.edu)
  • Genomic characterization of non-O1, non-O139 Vibrio cholerae reveals genes for a type III secretion system," Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America , vol. 102, no. 9, pp. 3465-3470, 2005. (hindawi.com)
  • Upregulation of virulence genes promotes Vibrio cholerae biofilm hyperinfectivity. (jcvi.org)
  • Pathogenic Vibrio are can cause food poisoning , usually associated with eating undercooked seafood. (bionity.com)
  • The formulas to estimate growth of Vibrio parahaemolyticus in this calculator are those used in the post-harvest module of the Quantitative Risk Assessment on the Impact of Public Health Pathogenic Vibrio parahaemolyticus in Raw Oysters, published in 2005 by the US Food and Drug Administration [1] . (bccdc.ca)
  • 2005. Quantitative Risk Assessment on the Public Health Impact of Pathogenic Vibrio parahaemolyticus in Raw Oysters. (bccdc.ca)
  • Season-Specific Occurrence of Potentially Pathogenic Vibrio spp. (asm.org)
  • Vibrio aerogenes is a gram-negative organism that is rod-shaped and has a two-sheathed flagella that is found on one side of the cell that makes it motile. (wikipedia.org)
  • A comprehensive Vibrio cholerae genetic map has been unattainable because of the relative paucity of efficient genetic exchange systems for this organism. (pnas.org)
  • In most resource-poor countries, these tests are not performed, Diarrhea, Kolkata, which may lead to labeling of V. fl uvialis as a NAG vibrio. (cdc.gov)
  • Ingestion of Vibrio vulnificus can cause vomiting, diarrhea and abdominal pain," the Florida DOH states on its website. (upi.com)
  • In people with a healthy immune system, Vibrio Vulnificus causes vomiting, diarrhea and abdominal pain. (inquisitr.com)
  • In healthy people, Vibrio vulnificus food poisoning can cause vomiting, diarrhea, and abdominal (belly) pain. (uwhealth.org)
  • Vibrio harveyi (Johnson and Shunk 1936) Baumann et al. (uniprot.org)
  • Miyashiro, T. Quorum Sensing in the Squid- Vibrio Symbiosis. (mdpi.com)
  • Verma SC, Miyashiro T. Quorum Sensing in the Squid- Vibrio Symbiosis. (mdpi.com)
  • Onifade TJ M , Hutchinson R , Van Zile K , Bodager D , Baker R , Blackmore C . Toxin producing Vibrio cholerae O75 outbreak, United States, March to April 2011. (eurosurveillance.org)
  • Thymoquinone inhibits biofilm formation and attachment-invasion in host cells of Vibrio parahaemolyticus. (greenmedinfo.com)
  • If a culture is performed, CDC recommends the use of selective media, such as thiosulfate citrate bile-salts (TCBS) agar, for examining stool specimens if Vibrio illness is considered possible. (cdc.gov)
  • Untuk melakukan isolasi dan pemeliharaan vibrio, dapat menggunakan media Thiosulfate-citrate-bile salts agar (TCBS) yang merupakan media selektif untuk isolasi dan pemurnian Vibrio . (wikipedia.org)
  • Vibrio cholerae ( V. cholerae ) is a human pathogen that utilizes quorum sensing to colonize a host and produce its toxin. (news-medical.net)
  • 2002. Simple procedure for rapid identification of Vibrio cholerae from the aquatic environment. (wikipedia.org)
  • Vibrio cholerae is a natural inhabitant of aquatic ecosystems. (asm.org)
  • Florida had 32 vibrio cases and seven deaths in 2014. (upi.com)
  • Before 2007, there was no national surveillance system for Vibrio vulnificus , but CDC collaborated with Alabama, Florida, Louisiana, Texas and Mississippi to monitor the number of cases in the Gulf Coast region. (visitflorida.org)
  • To confirm these findings, the team traveled to sites in the Florida Keys and Barbados to measure the Vibrio growth during natural Saharan dust events. (phys.org)
  • The Florida Department of Health, Florida, United States, is investigating a Vibrio cholerae O75 outbreak. (eurosurveillance.org)
  • The name "vibrio" is derived from characteristic vibratory motility. (scribd.com)
  • Vibrio parahaemolyticus and Vibrio vulnificus are important foodborne pathogens associated with the consumption of fish and shellfish, especially oysters, which have long been known to bioconcentrate vibrios within their edible tissues [ 1 , 2 ]. (hindawi.com)
  • Fulminating Vibrio parahemolyticus septicemia. (springer.com)
  • Takeshita Z, Onizuka H, Yonezawa S, Muto M. A fetal case of Vibrio vulnificus septicemia. (springer.com)
  • M. I. Siegel and A. I. Rogers, "Fatal non-01 Vibrio cholerae septicemia in chronic lymphocytic leukemia," Gastroenterology , vol. 83, no. 5, pp. 1130-1131, 1982. (hindawi.com)
  • Because clinical laboratories do not routinely use the selective medium thiosulfate-citrate-bile salts-sucrose (TCBS) for stool culture, many cases of Vibrio gastroenteritis are not identified. (medscape.com)
  • Because Vibrio gastroenteritis is self-limited in most patients, no specific medical therapy is required. (wikipedia.org)
  • Vmax™ cells are derived from the marine microorganism, Vibrio natriegens. (biocat.com)
  • 1. Vibrio causes an estimated 80,000 illnesses and 100 deaths in the United states every year. (mysanantonio.com)
  • Healthcare providers and clinical laboratories are required to report cases and suspect cases of Vibrio cholerae to the Minnesota Department of Health. (mn.us)
  • The BC Centre for Disease Control has developed this calculator as a research tool only, to estimate the growth of Vibrio parahaemolyticus (only) in shellfish. (bccdc.ca)
  • The man who died from the Vibrio Vulnificus was reported to have liver disease, as well. (inquisitr.com)
  • This means that even if the disease can be eliminated from human population by vaccines etc. the vibrio will continue to survive independently in the environment. (google.com.au)
  • Individuals with liver disease, including Hepatitis C and cirrhosis, are most at risk for developing serious illness from Vibrio vulnificus obtained from eating raw oysters. (visitflorida.org)
  • Vibrio vulnificus is a rare cause of disease, but it is also underreported. (visitflorida.org)
  • Vibrio tapetis can develop such biofilms on the inner surface of shells of the Ruditapes philippinarum clam, leading to the formation of a brown conchiolin deposit in the form of a ring, hence the name of the disease: Brown Ring Disease. (mdpi.com)
  • A high-throughput, phenotypic screen was used to identify a small molecule 4-[ N -(1,8-naphthalimide)]- n -butyric acid, virstatin, that inhibits virulence regulation in Vibrio cholerae . (sciencemag.org)
  • Konishi K, Yamagishi T, Sakamoto K. A halophilic vibrio isolated from a case of chronic cholecystitis. (springer.com)
  • ICD-9 code 005.81 for Food poisoning due to vibrio vulnificus is a medical classification as listed by WHO under the range -INTESTINAL INFECTIOUS DISEASES (001-009). (aapc.com)