Vibrio cholerae O1
Vibrio cholerae O139
Vibrio cholerae non-O1
Gene Expression Regulation, Bacterial
Molecular Sequence Data
Sequence Analysis, DNA
Bacterial Typing Techniques
Bacterial Outer Membrane Proteins
Amino Acid Sequence
Colony Count, Microbial
Reassessment of the taxonomic position of Vibrio iliopiscarius (Onarheim et al. 1994) and proposal for Photobacterium iliopiscarium comb. nov. (1/1761)The phylogenetic position of Vibrio iliopiscarius was inferred by the maximum-likelihood, maximum-parsimony and neighbour-joining methods on the basis of almost complete 16S rRNA gene sequences. The results showed that this species falls into the same cluster as Photobacterium species and is clearly distinct from other Vibrio species. Its nearest phylogenetic neighbour is Photobacterium phosphoreum. From these results, it is concluded that V. iliopiscarius should be reclassified as Photobacterium iliopiscarium comb. nov., the type strain of which is PS1T (= ATCC 51760T). (+info)
Inhibition of vibrio anguillarum by Pseudomonas fluorescens AH2, a possible probiotic treatment of fish. (2/1761)To study the possible use of probiotics in fish farming, we evaluated the in vitro and in vivo antagonism of antibacterial strain Pseudomonas fluorescens strain AH2 against the fish-pathogenic bacterium Vibrio anguillarum. As iron is important in virulence and bacterial interactions, the effect of P. fluorescens AH2 was studied under iron-rich and iron-limited conditions. Sterile-filtered culture supernatants from iron-limited P. fluorescens AH2 inhibited the growth of V. anguillarum, whereas sterile-filtered supernatants from iron-replete cultures of P. fluorescens AH2 did not. P. fluorescens AH2 inhibited the growth of V. anguillarum during coculture, independently of the iron concentration, when the initial count of the antagonist was 100 to 1, 000 times greater that of the fish pathogen. These in vitro results were successfully repeated in vivo. A probiotic effect in vivo was tested by exposing rainbow trout (Oncorynchus mykiss Walbaum) to P. fluorescens AH2 at a density of 10(5) CFU/ml for 5 days before a challenge with V. anguillarum at 10(4) to 10(5) CFU/ml for 1 h. Some fish were also exposed to P. fluorescens AH2 at 10(7) CFU/ml during the 1-h infection. The combined probiotic treatment resulted in a 46% reduction of calculated accumulated mortality; accumulated mortality was 25% after 7 days at 12 degrees C in the probiotic-treated fish, whereas mortality was 47% in fish not treated with the probiont. (+info)
Effects of salinity and temperature on long-term survival of the eel pathogen Vibrio vulnificus biotype 2 (serovar E). (3/1761)Vibrio vulnificus biotype 2 (serovar E) is a primary eel pathogen. In this study, we performed long-term survival experiments to investigate whether the aquatic ecosystem can be a reservoir for this bacterium. We have used microcosms containing water of different salinities (ranging from 0.3 to 3.8%) maintained at three temperatures (12, 25, and 30 degrees C). Temperature and salinity significantly affected long-term survival: (i) the optimal salinity for survival was 1.5%; (ii) lower salinities reduced survival, although they were nonlethal; and (ii) the optimal temperature for survival was dependent on the salinity (25 degrees C for microcosms at 0.3 and 0.5% and 12 degrees C for microcosms at 1.5 to 3.8%). In the absence of salts, culturability dropped to zero in a few days, without evidence of cellular lysis. Under optimal conditions of salinity and temperature, the bacterium was able to survive in the free-living form for at least 3 years. The presence of a capsule on the bacterial cell seemed to confer an advantage, since the long-term survival rate of opaque variants was significantly higher than that of translucent ones. Long-term-starved cells maintained their infectivity for eels (as determined by both intraperitoneal and immersion challenges) and mice. Examination under the microscope showed that (i) the capsule was maintained, (ii) the cell size decreased, (iii) the rod shape changed to coccuslike along the time of starvation, and (iv) membrane vesicles and extracellular material were occasionally produced. In conclusion, V. vulnificus biotype 2 follows a survival strategy similar to that of biotype 1 of this species in response to starvation conditions in water. Moreover, the aquatic ecosystem is one of its reservoirs. (+info)
Randomly amplified polymorphic DNA analysis of clinical and environmental isolates of Vibrio vulnificus and other vibrio species. (4/1761)Vibrio vulnificus is an estuarine bacterium that is capable of causing a rapidly fatal infection in humans. A randomly amplified polymorphic DNA (RAPD) PCR protocol was developed for use in detecting V. vulnificus, as well as other members of the genus Vibrio. The resulting RAPD profiles were analyzed by using RFLPScan software. This RAPD method clearly differentiated between members of the genus Vibrio and between isolates of V. vulnificus. Each V. vulnificus strain produced a unique band pattern, indicating that the members of this species are genetically quite heterogeneous. All of the vibrios were found to have amplification products whose sizes were within four common molecular weight ranges, while the V. vulnificus strains had an additional two molecular weight range bands in common. All of the V. vulnificus strains isolated from clinical specimens produced an additional band that was only occasionally found in environmental strains; this suggests that, as is the case with the Kanagawa hemolysin of Vibrio parahaemolyticus, the presence of this band may be correlated with the ability of a strain to produce an infection in humans. In addition, band pattern differences were observed between encapsulated and nonencapsulated isogenic morphotypes of the same strain of V. vulnificus. (+info)
Arbitrarily primed PCR to type Vibrio spp. pathogenic for shrimp. (5/1761)A molecular typing study on Vibrio strains implicated in shrimp disease outbreaks in New Caledonia and Japan was conducted by using AP-PCR (arbitrarily primed PCR). It allowed rapid identification of isolates at the genospecies level and studies of infraspecific population structures of epidemiological interest. Clusters identified within the species Vibrio penaeicida were related to their area of origin, allowing discrimination between Japanese and New Caledonian isolates, as well as between those from two different bays in New Caledonia separated by only 50 km. Other subclusters of New Caledonian V. penaeicida isolates could be identified, but it was not possible to link those differences to accurate epidemiological features. This contribution of AP-PCR to the study of vibriosis in penaeid shrimps demonstrates its high discriminating power and the relevance of the epidemiological information provided. This approach would contribute to better knowledge of the ecology of Vibrio spp. and their implication in shrimp disease in aquaculture. (+info)
Isolation of Vibrio vulnificus serovar E from aquatic habitats in Taiwan. (6/1761)The existence of strains of Vibrio vulnificus serovar E that are avirulent for eels is reported in this work. These isolates were recovered from water and oysters and differed from eel virulent strains in (i) fermentation and utilization of mannitol, (ii) ribotyping after HindIII digestion, and (iii) susceptibility to eel serum. Lipopolysaccharide of these strains lacked the highest molecular weight immunoreactive bands, which are probably involved in serum resistance. (+info)
Mechanosensitive channel functions to alleviate the cell lysis of marine bacterium, Vibrio alginolyticus, by osmotic downshock. (7/1761)The mechanosensitive channel with large conductance of Escherichia coli is the first to be cloned among stretch-activated channels. Although its activity was characterized by a patch clamp method, a physiological role of the channel has not been proved. The marine bacterium, Vibrio alginolyticus, is sensitive to osmotic stress and cell lysis occurs under osmotic downshock. We introduced an mscL gene into Vibrio alginolyticus, and the mechanosensitive channel with large conductance functions was found to alleviate cell lysis by osmotic downshock. This is the first report to show a physiological role of the mechanosensitive channel with large conductance. (+info)
The polar flagellar motor of Vibrio cholerae is driven by an Na+ motive force. (8/1761)Vibrio cholerae is a highly motile bacterium which possesses a single polar flagellum as a locomotion organelle. Motility is thought to be an important factor for the virulence of V. cholerae. The genome sequencing project of this organism is in progress, and the genes that are highly homologous to the essential genes of the Na+-driven polar flagellar motor of Vibrio alginolyticus were found in the genome database of V. cholerae. The energy source of its flagellar motor was investigated. We examined the Na+ dependence and the sensitivity to the Na+ motor-specific inhibitor of the motility of the V. cholerae strains and present the evidence that the polar flagellar motor of V. cholerae is driven by an Na+ motive force. (+info)
The bacteria are naturally found in warm seawater and can enter the body through cuts or scrapes on the skin while swimming or playing near the water. People with weakened immune systems, such as those with liver cirrhosis, cancer, or HIV/AIDS, are at a higher risk of developing Vibrio infections.
Types of Vibrio Infections
There are several types of Vibrio bacteria that can cause infections, including:
Vibrio vulnificus: This type of bacteria is found in warm coastal waters and can infect people who have open wounds or weakened immune systems. Vibrio vulnificus infections can be severe and can lead to bloodstream infections, septicemia, and even death.
Vibrio parahaemolyticus: This type of bacteria is found in tropical and subtropical waters and can cause gastrointestinal illness, including diarrhea, abdominal cramps, and fever. In severe cases, Vibrio parahaemolyticus infections can lead to bloodstream infections and other serious complications.
Vibrio alginolyticus: This type of bacteria is found in warm coastal waters and can cause gastrointestinal illness, including diarrhea and abdominal cramps. Vibrio alginolyticus infections are generally less severe than those caused by other types of Vibrio bacteria.
Prevention and Treatment
Preventing Vibrio infections is essential for people who have weakened immune systems or who engage in activities that increase their risk of developing an infection, such as swimming in warm coastal waters. Prevention measures include:
Wound care: People with open wounds should avoid swimming in warm coastal waters until the wounds are fully healed.
Avoiding consumption of raw or undercooked seafood: Raw or undercooked seafood can be a source of Vibrio bacteria, so it's essential to cook seafood thoroughly before eating it.
Using proper first aid: If you experience an injury while swimming in warm coastal waters, clean the wound thoroughly and seek medical attention promptly.
Treatment for Vibrio infections depends on the severity of the infection and may include antibiotics, supportive care, such as intravenous fluids and oxygen therapy, and surgical intervention if necessary. In severe cases, hospitalization may be required.
Preventing and treating Vibrio infections is essential for people who engage in activities that increase their risk of developing an infection. By taking preventive measures and seeking prompt medical attention if symptoms develop, you can reduce the risk of serious complications from these infections.
The symptoms of cholera include:
1. Diarrhea: Cholera causes profuse, watery diarrhea that can last for several days.
2. Dehydration: The loss of fluids and electrolytes due to diarrhea can lead to severe dehydration, which can be life-threatening if not treated promptly.
3. Nausea and vomiting: Cholera patients may experience nausea and vomiting, especially in the early stages of the disease.
4. Abdominal cramps: The abdomen may become tender and painful due to the inflammation caused by the bacteria.
5. Low-grade fever: Some patients with cholera may experience a mild fever, typically less than 102°F (39°C).
Cholera is spread through the fecal-oral route, which means that it is transmitted when someone ingests food or water contaminated with the bacteria. The disease can also be spread by direct contact with infected fecal matter, such as through poor hygiene practices or inadequate waste disposal.
There are several ways to diagnose cholera, including:
1. Stool test: A stool sample can be tested for the presence of Vibrio cholerae using a microscope or a rapid diagnostic test (RDT).
2. Blood test: A blood test can detect the presence of antibodies against Vibrio cholerae, which can indicate that the patient has been infected with the bacteria.
3. Physical examination: A healthcare provider may perform a physical examination to look for signs of dehydration and other symptoms of cholera.
Treatment of cholera typically involves replacing lost fluids and electrolytes through oral rehydration therapy (ORT) or intravenous fluids. Antibiotics may also be given to shorten the duration of diarrhea and reduce the risk of complications. In severe cases, hospitalization may be necessary to provide more intensive treatment.
Prevention of cholera involves maintaining good hygiene practices, such as washing hands with soap and water, and avoiding consumption of contaminated food and water. Vaccines are also available to protect against cholera, particularly for people living in areas where the disease is common.
In conclusion, cholera is a highly infectious disease that can cause severe dehydration and even death if left untreated. Early diagnosis and treatment are critical to preventing complications and reducing the risk of transmission. Prevention measures such as vaccination and good hygiene practices can also help control the spread of the disease.
Some common types of fish diseases include:
1. Bacterial infections: These are caused by bacteria such as Aeromonas, Pseudomonas, and Mycobacterium. Symptoms can include fin and tail rot, body slime, and ulcers.
2. Viral infections: These are caused by viruses such as viral hemorrhagic septicemia (VHS) and infectious hematopoietic necrosis (IHN). Symptoms can include lethargy, loss of appetite, and rapid death.
3. Protozoan infections: These are caused by protozoa such as Cryptocaryon and Ichthyophonus. Symptoms can include flashing, rapid breathing, and white spots on the body.
4. Fungal infections: These are caused by fungi such as Saprolegnia and Achlya. Symptoms can include fuzzy growths on the body and fins, and sluggish behavior.
5. Parasitic infections: These are caused by parasites such as Ichthyophonus and Cryptocaryon. Symptoms can include flashing, rapid breathing, and white spots on the body.
Diagnosis of fish diseases is typically made through a combination of physical examination, laboratory tests, and observation of the fish's behavior and environment. Treatment options vary depending on the type of disease and the severity of symptoms, and can include antibiotics, antifungals, and medicated baths. Prevention is key in managing fish diseases, and this includes maintaining good water quality, providing a balanced diet, and keeping the fish in a healthy environment.
Note: The information provided is a general overview of common fish diseases and their symptoms, and should not be considered as professional medical advice. If you suspect your fish has a disease, it is recommended that you consult with a veterinarian or a qualified aquarium expert for proper diagnosis and treatment.
There are several types of diarrhea, including:
1. Acute diarrhea: This type of diarrhea is short-term and usually resolves on its own within a few days. It can be caused by a viral or bacterial infection, food poisoning, or medication side effects.
2. Chronic diarrhea: This type of diarrhea persists for more than 4 weeks and can be caused by a variety of conditions, such as irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), or celiac disease.
3. Diarrhea-predominant IBS: This type of diarrhea is characterized by frequent, loose stools and abdominal pain or discomfort. It can be caused by a variety of factors, including stress, hormonal changes, and certain foods.
4. Infectious diarrhea: This type of diarrhea is caused by a bacterial, viral, or parasitic infection and can be spread through contaminated food and water, close contact with an infected person, or by consuming contaminated food.
Symptoms of diarrhea may include:
* Frequent, loose, and watery stools
* Abdominal cramps and pain
* Bloating and gas
* Nausea and vomiting
* Fever and chills
* Fatigue and weakness
Diagnosis of diarrhea is typically made through a physical examination, medical history, and laboratory tests to rule out other potential causes of the symptoms. Treatment for diarrhea depends on the underlying cause and may include antibiotics, anti-diarrheal medications, fluid replacement, and dietary changes. In severe cases, hospitalization may be necessary to monitor and treat any complications.
Prevention of diarrhea includes:
* Practicing good hygiene, such as washing hands frequently and thoroughly, especially after using the bathroom or before preparing food
* Avoiding close contact with people who are sick
* Properly storing and cooking food to prevent contamination
* Drinking safe water and avoiding contaminated water sources
* Avoiding raw or undercooked meat, poultry, and seafood
* Getting vaccinated against infections that can cause diarrhea
Complications of diarrhea can include:
* Dehydration: Diarrhea can lead to a loss of fluids and electrolytes, which can cause dehydration. Severe dehydration can be life-threatening and requires immediate medical attention.
* Electrolyte imbalance: Diarrhea can also cause an imbalance of electrolytes in the body, which can lead to serious complications.
* Inflammation of the intestines: Prolonged diarrhea can cause inflammation of the intestines, which can lead to abdominal pain and other complications.
* Infections: Diarrhea can be a symptom of an infection, such as a bacterial or viral infection. If left untreated, these infections can lead to serious complications.
* Malnutrition: Prolonged diarrhea can lead to malnutrition and weight loss, which can have long-term effects on health and development.
Treatment of diarrhea will depend on the underlying cause, but may include:
* Fluid replacement: Drinking plenty of fluids to prevent dehydration and replace lost electrolytes.
* Anti-diarrheal medications: Over-the-counter or prescription medications to slow down bowel movements and reduce diarrhea.
* Antibiotics: If the diarrhea is caused by a bacterial infection, antibiotics may be prescribed to treat the infection.
* Rest: Getting plenty of rest to allow the body to recover from the illness.
* Dietary changes: Avoiding certain foods or making dietary changes to help manage symptoms and prevent future episodes of diarrhea.
It is important to seek medical attention if you experience any of the following:
* Severe diarrhea that lasts for more than 3 days
* Diarrhea that is accompanied by fever, blood in the stool, or abdominal pain
* Diarrhea that is severe enough to cause dehydration or electrolyte imbalances
* Diarrhea that is not responding to treatment
Prevention of diarrhea includes:
* Good hand hygiene: Washing your hands frequently, especially after using the bathroom or before preparing food.
* Safe food handling: Cooking and storing food properly to prevent contamination.
* Avoiding close contact with people who are sick.
* Getting vaccinated against infections that can cause diarrhea, such as rotavirus.
Overall, while diarrhea can be uncomfortable and disruptive, it is usually a minor illness that can be treated at home with over-the-counter medications and plenty of fluids. However, if you experience severe or persistent diarrhea, it is important to seek medical attention to rule out any underlying conditions that may require more formal treatment.
Vibrio virus K139
Vibrio holin family
Vibrio virus nt1
Vibrio regulatory RNA of OmpA
Vibrio Species Causing Vibriosis | Vibrio Illness (Vibriosis) | CDC
Publications | Vibrio Illness (Vibriosis) | CDC
Vibrio Infections: Background, Pathophysiology, Epidemiology
Vibrio Infections Medication: Antibiotics
Escape Artists: How Vibrio Bacteria Break Out of Cells
Environmental Parameters Associated With Incidence and Transmission of Pathogenic Vibrio Spp
Phosphoenolpyruvate carboxylase (Vibrio atlanticus LGP32) | Protein Target - PubChem
Browsing by Subject "Vibrio vulnificus"
Saharan dust affects marine bacteria, potential pathogen Vibrio
Constitutive Type VI Secretion System Expression Gives Vibrio cholerae Intra- and Interspecific Competitive Advantages | PLOS...
Chitin induces natural competence in Vibrio cholerae - PubMed
Health Alert Network (HAN) - 00497 | Severe Vibrio vulnificus Infections in the United States Associated with Warming Coastal...
RCSB PDB - 5KP2: Beta-ketoacyl-ACP synthase III -2 (FabH2) (C113A) from Vibrio Cholerae cocrystallized with octanoyl-CoA:...
New Variant of Vibrio parahaemolyticus, Sequence Type 3, Serotype O10:K4, China, 2020 - Volume 28, Number 6-June 2022 -...
β-ketoacyl-acyl Carrier Protein (ACP) Synthase III-2 (FabH2) From Vibrio cholerae | NIH: National Institute of Allergy and...
Vibrio parahaemolyticus, a Climate Change Indicator in Alaska Marine Mammals | Bookstore | Alaska Sea Grant
Persistence of adhesive properties in Vibrio cholerae after long‐term exposure to sea water | CBCB
Campylobacter, Listeria, Salmonella, Vibrio and Cryptosporidium are up, Shigella, E. coli O157:H7 and Yersinia are down in new...
titel02 - vibrio.eu
CIPSM - Activity, Abundance, and Localization of Quorum Sensing Receptors in Vibrio harveyi
Health Alert Network (HAN) - 00497 | Severe Vibrio vulnificus Infections in the United States Associated with Warming Coastal...
Macromolecular crowding links ribosomal protein gene dosage to growth rate in Vibrio cholerae | BMC Biology | Full Text
WHO EMRO | Isolation frequency and susceptibility pattern of non-O1 and non-O139 Vibrio cholerae in a tertiary health care...
Transcriptional responses of intestinal epithelial cells to infection with Vibrio cholerae.
Notes from the Field: Outbreak of Vibrio cholerae Associated with Attending a Funeral - Chegutu District, Zimbabwe, 2018
Domain assignment for gi|375262335|ref|YP 005024565.1| from Vibrio sp. EJY3
- Vibrio cholera infections and noncholera Vibrio infections. (medscape.com)
- A review of Cholera and Other Vibrio Illness Surveillance (COVIS) data from 1997-2006 reported that of 4754 Vibrio species-related illnesses, 1210 (25%) were nonfoodborne Vibrio infections (NFVIs). (medscape.com)
- Vibrio cholerae is a noninvasive enteric bacterium that causes the severe diarrheal disease cholera. (nih.gov)
- Specifically, you see Vibrio cholerae , the water-dwelling bacterium that causes cholera, stretching out a hair-like appendage called a pilus (green) to snag a free snippet of DNA (red). (nih.gov)
- In collaboration with Wim Hol (UW) we studied the structure of the vibrio cholera toxin secretion channel. (ucla.edu)
- The T2SS is responsible for the secretion of virulence factors such as cholera toxin (CT) and heat-labile enterotoxin (LT) from Vibrio cholerae and enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli, respectively. (ucla.edu)
- Cholera is caused by the bacteria Vibrio cholerae . (nih.gov)
- Gotuzzo E, Seas C. Cholera and other vibrio infections. (nih.gov)
- Newswise - DALLAS - Aug. 18, 2020 - As soon as the foodborne pathogen Vibrio parahaemolyticus infects a human intestinal cell, the bacteria are already planning their escape. (newswise.com)
- The mosaic-structured Vibrio cholerae genome points to the importance of horizontal gene transfer (HGT) in the evolution of this human pathogen. (nih.gov)
- The food-borne opportunistic human pathogen Vibrio vulnificus has a well-conserved QS system consisting of the homologues of V. harveyi autoinducer-2 (AI-2) signaling components. (snu.ac.kr)
- Information on this website focuses on Vibrio species causing vibriosis. (cdc.gov)
- Other Vibrio species. (cdc.gov)
- Historically, the noncholera Vibrio species are classified as halophilic or nonhalophilic, depending on their requirement of sodium chloride for growth. (medscape.com)
- In 2007, the surveillance was expanded to national notification of infections caused by any Vibrio species. (medscape.com)
- Although V parahaemolyticus is the most common noncholera Vibrio species reported to cause infection, V vulnificus is associated with up to 94% of noncholera Vibrio infection-related deaths. (medscape.com)
- Tigecycline, a novel glycylcycline, has a potent in vitro antimicrobial effect against Vibrio species. (medscape.com)
- About a dozen species of Vibrio are pathogenic to humans. (cdc.gov)
- Unlike other Vibrio species, V. vulnificus is primarily transmitted through open-wound contact with salt water or brackish water, but occasionally (in approximately 10% of cases) the bacteria also can infect people if they eat raw or undercooked shellfish. (cdc.gov)
- Like other members of the Vibrio genus, this species is motile, with a single, polar flagellum. (artomyst.com)
- In 2020, a new serotype of Vibrio parahaemolyticus O10:K4 emerged and caused several outbreaks and sporadic cases in Guangxi, China. (cdc.gov)
- IMSEAR at SEARO: Antibiotic sensitivity of Vibrio cholerae other than O serotype 1 (so-called NAG vibrios). (who.int)
- Sanyal SC, Mukherjee S, Sil J. Antibiotic sensitivity of Vibrio cholerae other than O serotype 1 (so-called NAG vibrios). (who.int)
- Vibrio vulnificus infection reporting on death certificates: The invisible impact of an often fatal infection. (cdc.gov)
- In 2011, the CDC estimated about 80,000 cases of Vibrio infections in the United States annually, including 45,000 cases of Vibrio parahaemolyticus infection and approximately 100 cases of Vibrio vulnificus infection. (medscape.com)
- Image of Vibrio parahaemolyticus bacteria trapped in a host cell. (outbreaknewstoday.com)
- Syndromes of Vibrio vulnificus infections. (cdc.gov)
- Because most Vibrio infections are associated with the consumption of contaminated food, these infections are often considered a foodborne disease. (medscape.com)
- The prevalence of noncholera Vibrio infections in the United States appears to have increased in recent years. (medscape.com)
- Since 1988, the CDC has maintained a voluntary surveillance system for culture-confirmed Vibrio infections in the Gulf Coast region (Alabama, Florida, Louisiana, Mississippi, and Texas). (medscape.com)
- In the event of a natural disaster, the disturbance to the environment may increase the risk of infectious diseases such as Vibrio infections. (medscape.com)
- During the 2 weeks following Hurricane Katrina in August 2005, the CDC reported 22 new cases of Vibrio infections in Louisiana and Mississippi. (medscape.com)
- [ 8 ] The increased incidence of Vibrio wound infections in the residents of Gulf Coast states was most likely associated with the exposure of skin and soft-tissue injuries to the contaminated floodwaters. (medscape.com)
- Among children with serious noncholera Vibrio infections in whom tetracycline and fluoroquinolone are contraindicated, trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole plus an aminoglycoside (eg, gentamicin) is recommended. (medscape.com)
- Other newer antibiotics such as daptomycin and linezolid that were approved for the treatment of serious skin and soft-tissue infections have not been studied in serious Vibrio infections. (medscape.com)
- Therefore, the authors do not recommend the use of these antibiotics in the treatment of serious Vibrio infections. (medscape.com)
- Notify healthcare providers, laboratories, and public health departments about recent reports of fatal Vibrio vulnificus ( V. vulnificus ) infections, including wound and foodborne infections. (cdc.gov)
- Extreme weather events, such as coastal floods, hurricanes, and storm surges, can force coastal waters into inland areas, putting people that are exposed to these waters-especially evacuees who are older or have underlying health conditions-at increased risk for Vibrio wound infections. (cdc.gov)
- Vibrio vulnificus infections is worldwide public health problems associated with illnesses resulting from consumption of raw or partially cooked seafood worldwide. (ukessays.com)
- Three major syndromes of clinical illness caused by pathogenic vibrio: septicemia, gastroenteritis and wound infections. (ukessays.com)
- The type II secretion system (T2SS) is a macromolecular complex spanning the bacterial inner and outer membranes of Gram-negative bacteria, including many pathogenic bacteria such as Vibrio cholerae and enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli . (ucla.edu)
- Compared with data from 2016-2018, the incidence in 2019 increased significantly for Cyclospora (1,209%), Yersinia (153%), Vibrio (79%), STEC (34%), and Campylobacter (13%), according to a CDC report. (medscape.com)
- Although Campylobacter , Listeria , Salmonella , Vibrio and Cryptosporidium are up, Shigella , E. coli O157:H7 and Yersinia are down that does not seem to justify a late Friday night posting on the CDC's website. (marlerblog.com)
- hypothetical protein VEJY3_15851 [Vibrio sp. (cam.ac.uk)
- In 2009, an outbreak of Vibrio parahaemolyticus occurred from clinical samples of patients with symptoms of gas- in Piura, Cajamarca, Lambayeque, and Lima, Peru. (cdc.gov)
- Because clinical laboratories do not routinely use the selective medium thiosulfate-citrate-bile salts-sucrose (TCBS) for stool culture, many cases of Vibrio gastroenteritis are not identified. (medscape.com)
- Results of assays of clinical Vibrio fluvialis strains to determine ability to lyse rabbit erythrocytes and cytotoxic effect on CHO and HeLa cells. (cdc.gov)
- ABSTRACT In the past decade the importance of non-O1 and non-O139 strains of Vibrio cholerae has been highlighted globally. (who.int)
- That's because Vibrio bacteria thrive in coastal waters where oysters are harvested. (cdc.gov)
- Vibrio bacteria are found in warm seawater and humans become infected by eating raw shellfish such as oysters. (newswise.com)
- Most people get infected with Vibrio by eating raw or undercooked shellfish, particularly oysters. (cdc.gov)
- Vibrio cases are increasing at a higher rate than many other bacterial pathogens in the U.S., which could be due in part to Vibrio bacteria populations in coastal waters expanding with rising sea surface temperatures, Lipp said. (phys.org)
- Vibrio naturally live in coastal waters, including salt water and brackish water, which is a mixture of salt water and fresh water. (cdc.gov)
- Vibrio are bacteria that cause an estimated 80,000 illnesses each year in the United States. (cdc.gov)
- Not only did they observe that dissolved iron increases in ocean surface water as the dust arrived, but Vibrio grew from a background level of just 1 percent to almost 20 percent of the total microbial community within 24 hours of exposure. (phys.org)
- Although Westrich and Lipp did not examine health impacts in this study, they did speculate how dust-related Vibrio blooms could affect exposure in humans. (phys.org)
- The effect of exposure to artificial sea water (ASW) on the ability of classical Vibrio cholerae O1 cells to interact with chitin-containing substrates and human intestinal cells was studied. (umd.edu)
- Most people with Vibrio infection have diarrhea. (cdc.gov)
- Transcriptional responses of intestinal epithelial cells to infection with Vibrio cholerae. (nih.gov)
- Vibrio bacteria, common to ocean waters worldwide, are probably best known for their ability to cause serious illness in humans and other marine organisms. (phys.org)
- Vibrio parahaemolyticus is a Gram-negative, curved, rod-shaped bacterium found in the sea and in estuaries which, when ingested, can cause gastrointestinal illness in humans. (artomyst.com)
- While we are interested in how the population dynamics of Vibrio might cause disease, for this study we wanted to use Vibrio 's opportunistic behavior as a model for how bacteria could exploit the availability of new nutrients and, in particular, iron delivered in dust. (phys.org)
- In this review, the focus was on environmental parameters associated with incidence and distribution of clinically relevant Vibrio spp. (nih.gov)
- To confirm these findings, the team traveled to sites in the Florida Keys and Barbados to measure the Vibrio growth during natural Saharan dust events. (phys.org)
- In addition, molecular methods designed for detection and enumeration proved useful for predictive modeling and are described, namely in the context of prediction of environmental conditions favourable to Vibrio spp. (nih.gov)
- Molecular analysis of rugosity in a Vibrio cholerae O1 El Tor phase variant. (nih.gov)
- Vibrio was identified in wounds (68%), blood (20%), and "other" (18%).However, a cluster of 5 patients with V. vulnificus necrotizing fasciitis was reported in the summer months of 2017 and 2018 in connection to the Delaware Bay, a previously non-endemic area. (medscape.com)
- In the laboratory, the researchers were able to show that iron in dust could cause test cultures of Vibrio to grow. (phys.org)
- In a study published today in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences , researchers from the University of Georgia found that Vibrio bacteria respond rapidly to this influx of iron-rich Saharan dust, leading to large blooms of the potentially harmful bacteria in ocean surface water. (phys.org)
- Vibrio , they showed, uses a common bacterial system known as the type 3 secretion system 2 (T3SS2) to invade cells and begin replicating. (newswise.com)