The removal of secretions, gas or fluid from hollow or tubular organs or cavities by means of a tube and a device that acts on negative pressure.
The valve between the left ventricle and the ascending aorta which prevents backflow into the left ventricle.
The valve between the left atrium and left ventricle of the heart.
Pathological conditions involving any of the various HEART VALVES and the associated structures (PAPILLARY MUSCLES and CHORDAE TENDINEAE).
A pathological constriction that can occur above (supravalvular stenosis), below (subvalvular stenosis), or at the AORTIC VALVE. It is characterized by restricted outflow from the LEFT VENTRICLE into the AORTA.
A valve situated at the entrance to the pulmonary trunk from the right ventricle.
The valve consisting of three cusps situated between the right atrium and right ventricle of the heart.
The structural changes in the number, mass, size and/or composition of the airway tissues.
Any hindrance to the passage of air into and out of the lungs.
Pathological condition characterized by the backflow of blood from the ASCENDING AORTA back into the LEFT VENTRICLE, leading to regurgitation. It is caused by diseases of the AORTIC VALVE or its surrounding tissue (aortic root).
Physiologically, the opposition to flow of air caused by the forces of friction. As a part of pulmonary function testing, it is the ratio of driving pressure to the rate of air flow.
Backflow of blood from the LEFT VENTRICLE into the LEFT ATRIUM due to imperfect closure of the MITRAL VALVE. This can lead to mitral valve regurgitation.
Abnormal protrusion or billowing of one or both of the leaflets of MITRAL VALVE into the LEFT ATRIUM during SYSTOLE. This allows the backflow of blood into left atrium leading to MITRAL VALVE INSUFFICIENCY; SYSTOLIC MURMURS; or CARDIAC ARRHYTHMIA.
Flaps within the VEINS that allow the blood to flow only in one direction. They are usually in the medium size veins that carry blood to the heart against gravity.
Narrowing of the passage through the MITRAL VALVE due to FIBROSIS, and CALCINOSIS in the leaflets and chordal areas. This elevates the left atrial pressure which, in turn, raises pulmonary venous and capillary pressure leading to bouts of DYSPNEA and TACHYCARDIA during physical exertion. RHEUMATIC FEVER is its primary cause.
Prosthesis, usually heart valve, composed of biological material and whose durability depends upon the stability of the material after pretreatment, rather than regeneration by host cell ingrowth. Durability is achieved 1, mechanically by the interposition of a cloth, usually polytetrafluoroethylene, between the host and the graft, and 2, chemically by stabilization of the tissue by intermolecular linking, usually with glutaraldehyde, after removal of antigenic components, or the use of reconstituted and restructured biopolymers.
The larger air passages of the lungs arising from the terminal bifurcation of the TRACHEA. They include the largest two primary bronchi which branch out into secondary bronchi, and tertiary bronchi which extend into BRONCHIOLES and PULMONARY ALVEOLI.
Evaluation, planning, and use of a range of procedures and airway devices for the maintenance or restoration of a patient's ventilation.
The tubular and cavernous organs and structures, by means of which pulmonary ventilation and gas exchange between ambient air and the blood are brought about.
Any suction exerted by the mouth; response of the mammalian infant to draw milk from the breast. Includes sucking on inanimate objects. Not to be used for thumb sucking, which is indexed under fingersucking.
Backflow of blood from the RIGHT VENTRICLE into the RIGHT ATRIUM due to imperfect closure of the TRICUSPID VALVE.
Visible accumulations of fluid within or beneath the epidermis.
Tendency of the smooth muscle of the tracheobronchial tree to contract more intensely in response to a given stimulus than it does in the response seen in normal individuals. This condition is present in virtually all symptomatic patients with asthma. The most prominent manifestation of this smooth muscle contraction is a decrease in airway caliber that can be readily measured in the pulmonary function laboratory.
A type of heart valve surgery that involves the repair, replacement, or reconstruction of the annulus of the MITRAL VALVE. It includes shortening the circumference of the annulus to improve valve closing capacity and reinforcing the annulus as a step in more complex valve repairs.
The mucous membrane lining the RESPIRATORY TRACT, including the NASAL CAVITY; the LARYNX; the TRACHEA; and the BRONCHI tree. The respiratory mucosa consists of various types of epithelial cells ranging from ciliated columnar to simple squamous, mucous GOBLET CELLS, and glands containing both mucous and serous cells.
A form of bronchial disorder with three distinct components: airway hyper-responsiveness (RESPIRATORY HYPERSENSITIVITY), airway INFLAMMATION, and intermittent AIRWAY OBSTRUCTION. It is characterized by spasmodic contraction of airway smooth muscle, WHEEZING, and dyspnea (DYSPNEA, PAROXYSMAL).
Either of the pair of organs occupying the cavity of the thorax that effect the aeration of the blood.
A procedure involving placement of a tube into the trachea through the mouth or nose in order to provide a patient with oxygen and anesthesia.
The oval-shaped oral cavity located at the apex of the digestive tract and consisting of two parts: the vestibule and the oral cavity proper.
A type of heart valve surgery that involves the repair, replacement, or reconstruction of the annuli of HEART VALVES. It includes shortening the circumference of the annulus to improve valve closing capacity and reinforcing the annulus as a step in more complex valve repairs.
The pathologic narrowing of the orifice of the PULMONARY VALVE. This lesion restricts blood outflow from the RIGHT VENTRICLE to the PULMONARY ARTERY. When the trileaflet valve is fused into an imperforate membrane, the blockage is complete.
Inflammation of the ENDOCARDIUM caused by BACTERIA that entered the bloodstream. The strains of bacteria vary with predisposing factors, such as CONGENITAL HEART DEFECTS; HEART VALVE DISEASES; HEART VALVE PROSTHESIS IMPLANTATION; or intravenous drug use.
A type of stress exerted uniformly in all directions. Its measure is the force exerted per unit area. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)
Narrowing of the caliber of the BRONCHI, physiologically or as a result of pharmacological intervention.
Inflammation of the inner lining of the heart (ENDOCARDIUM), the continuous membrane lining the four chambers and HEART VALVES. It is often caused by microorganisms including bacteria, viruses, fungi, and rickettsiae. Left untreated, endocarditis can damage heart valves and become life-threatening.
A space in which the pressure is far below atmospheric pressure so that the remaining gases do not affect processes being carried on in the space.
Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.
The most diversified of all fish orders and the largest vertebrate order. It includes many of the commonly known fish such as porgies, croakers, sunfishes, dolphin fish, mackerels, TUNA, etc.
Bony structure of the mouth that holds the teeth. It consists of the MANDIBLE and the MAXILLA.
Instinctual behavior pattern in which food is obtained by killing and consuming other species.
The force per unit area that the air exerts on any surface in contact with it. Primarily used for articles pertaining to air pressure within a closed environment.
Behavioral responses or sequences associated with eating including modes of feeding, rhythmic patterns of eating, and time intervals.
Procedures in which placement of CARDIAC CATHETERS is performed for therapeutic or diagnostic procedures.
A type of oropharyngeal airway that provides an alternative to endotracheal intubation and standard mask anesthesia in certain patients. It is introduced into the hypopharynx to form a seal around the larynx thus permitting spontaneous or positive pressure ventilation without penetration of the larynx or esophagus. It is used in place of a facemask in routine anesthesia. The advantages over standard mask anesthesia are better airway control, minimal anesthetic gas leakage, a secure airway during patient transport to the recovery area, and minimal postoperative problems.
Evaluation undertaken to assess the results or consequences of management and procedures used in combating disease in order to determine the efficacy, effectiveness, safety, and practicability of these interventions in individual cases or series.
A form of hypersensitivity affecting the respiratory tract. It includes ASTHMA and RHINITIS, ALLERGIC, SEASONAL.
Use or insertion of a tubular device into a duct, blood vessel, hollow organ, or body cavity for injecting or withdrawing fluids for diagnostic or therapeutic purposes. It differs from INTUBATION in that the tube here is used to restore or maintain patency in obstructions.
The mouth, teeth, jaws, pharynx, and related structures as they relate to mastication, deglutition, and speech.
The plan and delineation of prostheses in general or a specific prosthesis.
The removal of fluids or discharges from the body, such as from a wound, sore, or cavity.
Ultrasonic recording of the size, motion, and composition of the heart and surrounding tissues. The standard approach is transthoracic.
Methods of creating machines and devices.
Aspiration of the contents of the uterus with a vacuum curette.
Washing liquid obtained from irrigation of the lung, including the BRONCHI and the PULMONARY ALVEOLI. It is generally used to assess biochemical, inflammatory, or infection status of the lung.
The tendinous cords that connect each cusp of the two atrioventricular HEART VALVES to appropriate PAPILLARY MUSCLES in the HEART VENTRICLES, preventing the valves from reversing themselves when the ventricles contract.
Ultrasonic recording of the size, motion, and composition of the heart and surrounding tissues using a transducer placed in the esophagus.
The properties, processes, and behavior of biological systems under the action of mechanical forces.
Endoscopic examination, therapy or surgery of the bronchi.
Pathologic processes that affect patients after a surgical procedure. They may or may not be related to the disease for which the surgery was done, and they may or may not be direct results of the surgery.
A technique of respiratory therapy, in either spontaneously breathing or mechanically ventilated patients, in which airway pressure is maintained above atmospheric pressure throughout the respiratory cycle by pressurization of the ventilatory circuit. (On-Line Medical Dictionary [Internet]. Newcastle upon Tyne(UK): The University Dept. of Medical Oncology: The CancerWEB Project; c1997-2003 [cited 2003 Apr 17]. Available from: http://cancerweb.ncl.ac.uk/omd/)
Tests involving inhalation of allergens (nebulized or in dust form), nebulized pharmacologically active solutions (e.g., histamine, methacholine), or control solutions, followed by assessment of respiratory function. These tests are used in the diagnosis of asthma.
Physiological processes and properties of the RESPIRATORY SYSTEM as a whole or of any of its parts.
A mobile U-shaped bone that lies in the anterior part of the neck at the level of the third CERVICAL VERTEBRAE. The hyoid bone is suspended from the processes of the TEMPORAL BONES by ligaments, and is firmly bound to the THYROID CARTILAGE by muscles.
Common name of the order Siluriformes. This order contains many families and over 2,000 species, including venomous species. Heteropneustes and Plotosus genera have dangerous stings and are aggressive. Most species are passive stingers.
Pathologic deposition of calcium salts in tissues.
The viscous secretion of mucous membranes. It contains mucin, white blood cells, water, inorganic salts, and exfoliated cells.
The valve, at the junction of the CECUM with the COLON, that guards the opening where the ILEUM enters the LARGE INTESTINE.
The period of care beginning when the patient is removed from surgery and aimed at meeting the patient's psychological and physical needs directly after surgery. (From Dictionary of Health Services Management, 2d ed)
The application of a vacuum across the surface of a wound through a foam dressing cut to fit the wound. This removes wound exudates, reduces build-up of inflammatory mediators, and increases the flow of nutrients to the wound thus promoting healing.
Unstriated and unstriped muscle, one of the muscles of the internal organs, blood vessels, hair follicles, etc. Contractile elements are elongated, usually spindle-shaped cells with centrally located nuclei. Smooth muscle fibers are bound together into sheets or bundles by reticular fibers and frequently elastic nets are also abundant. (From Stedman, 25th ed)
Motion picture study of successive images appearing on a fluoroscopic screen.
Observation of a population for a sufficient number of persons over a sufficient number of years to generate incidence or mortality rates subsequent to the selection of the study group.
The technology of transmitting light over long distances through strands of glass or other transparent material.
Endoscopes for the visualization of the interior of the bronchi.
The part of a human or animal body connecting the HEAD to the rest of the body.
Measurement of intracardiac blood flow using an M-mode and/or two-dimensional (2-D) echocardiogram while simultaneously recording the spectrum of the audible Doppler signal (e.g., velocity, direction, amplitude, intensity, timing) reflected from the moving column of red blood cells.
The physical or mechanical action of the LUNGS; DIAPHRAGM; RIBS; and CHEST WALL during respiration. It includes airflow, lung volume, neural and reflex controls, mechanoreceptors, breathing patterns, etc.
Surgery performed on the heart.
Granular leukocytes with a nucleus that usually has two lobes connected by a slender thread of chromatin, and cytoplasm containing coarse, round granules that are uniform in size and stainable by eosin.
The storing or preserving of video signals for television to be played back later via a transmitter or receiver. Recordings may be made on magnetic tape or discs (VIDEODISC RECORDING).
Plastic tubes used for drainage of air or fluid from the pleural space. Their surgical insertion is called tube thoracostomy.
The movement and the forces involved in the movement of the blood through the CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM.
Studies in which individuals or populations are followed to assess the outcome of exposures, procedures, or effects of a characteristic, e.g., occurrence of disease.
Hospital department which manages and provides the required housekeeping functions in all areas of the hospital.
Any method of artificial breathing that employs mechanical or non-mechanical means to force the air into and out of the lungs. Artificial respiration or ventilation is used in individuals who have stopped breathing or have RESPIRATORY INSUFFICIENCY to increase their intake of oxygen (O2) and excretion of carbon dioxide (CO2).
Measurement of the various processes involved in the act of respiration: inspiration, expiration, oxygen and carbon dioxide exchange, lung volume and compliance, etc.
The downward displacement of the cuspal or pointed end of the trileaflet AORTIC VALVE causing misalignment of the cusps. Severe valve distortion can cause leakage and allow the backflow of blood from the ASCENDING AORTA back into the LEFT VENTRICLE, leading to aortic regurgitation.
Cells that line the inner and outer surfaces of the body by forming cellular layers (EPITHELIUM) or masses. Epithelial cells lining the SKIN; the MOUTH; the NOSE; and the ANAL CANAL derive from ectoderm; those lining the RESPIRATORY SYSTEM and the DIGESTIVE SYSTEM derive from endoderm; others (CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM and LYMPHATIC SYSTEM) derive from mesoderm. Epithelial cells can be classified mainly by cell shape and function into squamous, glandular and transitional epithelial cells.
Malfunction of implantation shunts, valves, etc., and prosthesis loosening, migration, and breaking.
Measure of the maximum amount of air that can be expelled in a given number of seconds during a FORCED VITAL CAPACITY determination . It is usually given as FEV followed by a subscript indicating the number of seconds over which the measurement is made, although it is sometimes given as a percentage of forced vital capacity.
Decompression external to the body, most often the slow lessening of external pressure on the whole body (especially in caisson workers, deep sea divers, and persons who ascend to great heights) to prevent DECOMPRESSION SICKNESS. It includes also sudden accidental decompression, but not surgical (local) decompression or decompression applied through body openings.
The motion of air currents.
The dilated portion of the common carotid artery at its bifurcation into external and internal carotids. It contains baroreceptors which, when stimulated, cause slowing of the heart, vasodilatation, and a fall in blood pressure.
The administration of drugs by the respiratory route. It includes insufflation into the respiratory tract.
A repeat operation for the same condition in the same patient due to disease progression or recurrence, or as followup to failed previous surgery.
Techniques for securing together the edges of a wound, with loops of thread or similar materials (SUTURES).
Devices which are very resistant to wear and may be used over a long period of time. They include items such as wheelchairs, hospital beds, artificial limbs, etc.
Sugar-rich liquid produced in plant glands called nectaries. It is either produced in flowers or other plant structures, providing a source of attraction for pollinating insects and animals, as well as being a nutrient source to animal mutualists which provide protection of plants against herbivores.
Echocardiography applying the Doppler effect, with the superposition of flow information as colors on a gray scale in a real-time image.
The prevention of access by infecting organisms to the locus of potential infection.
Exudates are fluids, CELLS, or other cellular substances that are slowly discharged from BLOOD VESSELS usually from inflamed tissues. Transudates are fluids that pass through a membrane or squeeze through tissue or into the EXTRACELLULAR SPACE of TISSUES. Transudates are thin and watery and contain few cells or PROTEINS.
An autosomal recessive genetic disease of the EXOCRINE GLANDS. It is caused by mutations in the gene encoding the CYSTIC FIBROSIS TRANSMEMBRANE CONDUCTANCE REGULATOR expressed in several organs including the LUNG, the PANCREAS, the BILIARY SYSTEM, and the SWEAT GLANDS. Cystic fibrosis is characterized by epithelial secretory dysfunction associated with ductal obstruction resulting in AIRWAY OBSTRUCTION; chronic RESPIRATORY INFECTIONS; PANCREATIC INSUFFICIENCY; maldigestion; salt depletion; and HEAT PROSTRATION.
Inflammation of the large airways in the lung including any part of the BRONCHI, from the PRIMARY BRONCHI to the TERTIARY BRONCHI.
Studies used to test etiologic hypotheses in which inferences about an exposure to putative causal factors are derived from data relating to characteristics of persons under study or to events or experiences in their past. The essential feature is that some of the persons under study have the disease or outcome of interest and their characteristics are compared with those of unaffected persons.
Diseases of the uvea.
Mechanical devices used to produce or assist pulmonary ventilation.
Post-systolic relaxation of the HEART, especially the HEART VENTRICLES.
Echocardiography amplified by the addition of depth to the conventional two-dimensional ECHOCARDIOGRAPHY visualizing only the length and width of the heart. Three-dimensional ultrasound imaging was first described in 1961 but its application to echocardiography did not take place until 1974. (Mayo Clin Proc 1993;68:221-40)
A funnel-shaped fibromuscular tube that conducts food to the ESOPHAGUS, and air to the LARYNX and LUNGS. It is located posterior to the NASAL CAVITY; ORAL CAVITY; and LARYNX, and extends from the SKULL BASE to the inferior border of the CRICOID CARTILAGE anteriorly and to the inferior border of the C6 vertebra posteriorly. It is divided into the NASOPHARYNX; OROPHARYNX; and HYPOPHARYNX (laryngopharynx).
Common name for FISHES belonging to the order Perciformes and occurring in three different families.
Developmental abnormalities involving structures of the heart. These defects are present at birth but may be discovered later in life.
A family of the order Anura, distinguished by the lack of a tongue. It includes four living genera of aquatic "toads". Two of the most familiar pipids are the popularly called Surinam "toad" (Pipa pipa) and XENOPUS LAEVIS.
Receptors in the vascular system, particularly the aorta and carotid sinus, which are sensitive to stretch of the vessel walls.
The act of breathing with the LUNGS, consisting of INHALATION, or the taking into the lungs of the ambient air, and of EXHALATION, or the expelling of the modified air which contains more CARBON DIOXIDE than the air taken in (Blakiston's Gould Medical Dictionary, 4th ed.). This does not include tissue respiration (= OXYGEN CONSUMPTION) or cell respiration (= CELL RESPIRATION).
A pathological process characterized by injury or destruction of tissues caused by a variety of cytologic and chemical reactions. It is usually manifested by typical signs of pain, heat, redness, swelling, and loss of function.
The capability of the LUNGS to distend under pressure as measured by pulmonary volume change per unit pressure change. While not a complete description of the pressure-volume properties of the lung, it is nevertheless useful in practice as a measure of the comparative stiffness of the lung. (From Best & Taylor's Physiological Basis of Medical Practice, 12th ed, p562)
Colloids with a gaseous dispersing phase and either liquid (fog) or solid (smoke) dispersed phase; used in fumigation or in inhalation therapy; may contain propellant agents.
A response by the BARORECEPTORS to increased BLOOD PRESSURE. Increased pressure stretches BLOOD VESSELS which activates the baroreceptors in the vessel walls. The net response of the CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM is a reduction of central sympathetic outflow. This reduces blood pressure both by decreasing peripheral VASCULAR RESISTANCE and by lowering CARDIAC OUTPUT. Because the baroreceptors are tonically active, the baroreflex can compensate rapidly for both increases and decreases in blood pressure.
Altered reactivity to an antigen, which can result in pathologic reactions upon subsequent exposure to that particular antigen.
Surgical procedures employed to correct REFRACTIVE ERRORS such as MYOPIA; HYPEROPIA; or ASTIGMATISM. These may involve altering the curvature of the CORNEA; removal or replacement of the CRYSTALLINE LENS; or modification of the SCLERA to change the axial length of the eye.
The total volume of gas inspired or expired per unit of time, usually measured in liters per minute.
PRESSURE of the BLOOD on the ARTERIES and other BLOOD VESSELS.
Radiography of the bronchial tree after injection of a contrast medium.
Levels within a diagnostic group which are established by various measurement criteria applied to the seriousness of a patient's disorder.
Graphic registration of the heart sounds picked up as vibrations and transformed by a piezoelectric crystal microphone into a varying electrical output according to the stresses imposed by the sound waves. The electrical output is amplified by a stethograph amplifier and recorded by a device incorporated into the electrocardiograph or by a multichannel recording machine.
The act of BREATHING in.
The lower right and left chambers of the heart. The right ventricle pumps venous BLOOD into the LUNGS and the left ventricle pumps oxygenated blood into the systemic arterial circulation.
Hand-held tools or implements used by health professionals for the performance of surgical tasks.
Naturally occurring or experimentally induced animal diseases with pathological processes sufficiently similar to those of human diseases. They are used as study models for human diseases.
Intentional removal of a fetus from the uterus by any of a number of techniques. (POPLINE, 1978)
Transducers that are activated by pressure changes, e.g., blood pressure.
Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of biological processes or diseases. For disease models in living animals, DISEASE MODELS, ANIMAL is available. Biological models include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.
The motion of fluids, especially noncompressible liquids, under the influence of internal and external forces.
The number of times the HEART VENTRICLES contract per unit of time, usually per minute.
Reinfusion of blood or blood products derived from the patient's own circulation. (Dorland, 27th ed)
A common name used for the genus Cavia. The most common species is Cavia porcellus which is the domesticated guinea pig used for pets and biomedical research.
A value equal to the total volume flow divided by the cross-sectional area of the vascular bed.
A tubular organ of VOICE production. It is located in the anterior neck, superior to the TRACHEA and inferior to the tongue and HYOID BONE.
Resistance and recovery from distortion of shape.
Recovery of blood lost from surgical procedures for reuse by the same patient in AUTOLOGOUS BLOOD TRANSFUSIONS. It is collected during (intraoperatively) or after completion of (postoperatively) the surgical procedures.
The washing of a body cavity or surface by flowing water or solution for therapy or diagnosis.
An accumulation of air or gas in the PLEURAL CAVITY, which may occur spontaneously or as a result of trauma or a pathological process. The gas may also be introduced deliberately during PNEUMOTHORAX, ARTIFICIAL.
A method of mechanical ventilation in which pressure is maintained to increase the volume of gas remaining in the lungs at the end of expiration, thus reducing the shunting of blood through the lungs and improving gas exchange.
The study of the deformation and flow of matter, usually liquids or fluids, and of the plastic flow of solids. The concept covers consistency, dilatancy, liquefaction, resistance to flow, shearing, thixotrophy, and VISCOSITY.
Introduction of a tube into a hollow organ to restore or maintain patency if obstructed. It is differentiated from CATHETERIZATION in that the insertion of a catheter is usually performed for the introducing or withdrawing of fluids from the body.
The part of the face that is below the eye and to the side of the nose and mouth.
Agents that cause an increase in the expansion of a bronchus or bronchial tubes.
A purely physical condition which exists within any material because of strain or deformation by external forces or by non-uniform thermal expansion; expressed quantitatively in units of force per unit area.
A non-specific host defense mechanism that removes MUCUS and other material from the LUNGS by ciliary and secretory activity of the tracheobronchial submucosal glands. It is measured in vivo as mucus transfer, ciliary beat frequency, and clearance of radioactive tracers.
An amine derived by enzymatic decarboxylation of HISTIDINE. It is a powerful stimulant of gastric secretion, a constrictor of bronchial smooth muscle, a vasodilator, and also a centrally acting neurotransmitter.
Infection of the lung often accompanied by inflammation.
Abnormal increase of EOSINOPHILS in the blood, tissues or organs.
The insertion of a tube into the stomach, intestines, or other portion of the gastrointestinal tract to allow for the passage of food products, etc.
Measurement of the amount of air that the lungs may contain at various points in the respiratory cycle.
A cytokine synthesized by T-LYMPHOCYTES that produces proliferation, immunoglobulin isotype switching, and immunoglobulin production by immature B-LYMPHOCYTES. It appears to play a role in regulating inflammatory and immune responses.
A glandular epithelial cell or a unicellular gland. Goblet cells secrete MUCUS. They are scattered in the epithelial linings of many organs, especially the SMALL INTESTINE and the RESPIRATORY TRACT.
Material coughed up from the lungs and expectorated via the mouth. It contains MUCUS, cellular debris, and microorganisms. It may also contain blood or pus.
A part of the upper respiratory tract. It contains the organ of SMELL. The term includes the external nose, the nasal cavity, and the PARANASAL SINUSES.
Any disorder marked by obstruction of conducting airways of the lung. AIRWAY OBSTRUCTION may be acute, chronic, intermittent, or persistent.
A condition characterized by infiltration of the lung with EOSINOPHILS due to inflammation or other disease processes. Major eosinophilic lung diseases are the eosinophilic pneumonias caused by infections, allergens, or toxic agents.
The hemodynamic and electrophysiological action of the left HEART VENTRICLE. Its measurement is an important aspect of the clinical evaluation of patients with heart disease to determine the effects of the disease on cardiac performance.
A group of elongate elasmobranchs. Sharks are mostly marine fish, with certain species large and voracious.
Any of various animals that constitute the family Suidae and comprise stout-bodied, short-legged omnivorous mammals with thick skin, usually covered with coarse bristles, a rather long mobile snout, and small tail. Included are the genera Babyrousa, Phacochoerus (wart hogs), and Sus, the latter containing the domestic pig (see SUS SCROFA).
A disorder characterized by recurrent apneas during sleep despite persistent respiratory efforts. It is due to upper airway obstruction. The respiratory pauses may induce HYPERCAPNIA or HYPOXIA. Cardiac arrhythmias and elevation of systemic and pulmonary arterial pressures may occur. Frequent partial arousals occur throughout sleep, resulting in relative SLEEP DEPRIVATION and daytime tiredness. Associated conditions include OBESITY; ACROMEGALY; MYXEDEMA; micrognathia; MYOTONIC DYSTROPHY; adenotonsilar dystrophy; and NEUROMUSCULAR DISEASES. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p395)
An infant during the first month after birth.
Tumor-like sterile accumulation of serum in a tissue, organ, or cavity. It results from a tissue insult and is the product of tissue inflammation. It most commonly occurs following MASTECTOMY.
Cells propagated in vitro in special media conducive to their growth. Cultured cells are used to study developmental, morphologic, metabolic, physiologic, and genetic processes, among others.
The small airways branching off the TERTIARY BRONCHI. Terminal bronchioles lead into several orders of respiratory bronchioles which in turn lead into alveolar ducts and then into PULMONARY ALVEOLI.
Measurement of the blood pressure of the retinal vessels. It is used also for the determination of the near point of convergence (CONVERGENCE, OCULAR). (From Cline, et al., Dictionary of Visual Science, 4th ed)
External decompression applied to the lower body. It is used to study orthostatic intolerance and the effects of gravitation and acceleration, to produce simulated hemorrhage in physiologic research, to assess cardiovascular function, and to reduce abdominal stress during childbirth.
Measurement of volume of air inhaled or exhaled by the lung.
Group of fish under the superorder Acanthopterygii, separate from the PERCIFORMES, which includes swamp eels, mullets, sticklebacks, seahorses, spiny eels, rainbowfishes, and KILLIFISHES. The name is derived from the six taxa which comprise the group. (From http://www.nanfa.org/articles/Elassoma/elassoma.htm, 8/4/2000)
A genus of the Ambystomatidae family. The best known species are the axolotl AMBYSTOMA MEXICANUM and the closely related tiger salamander Ambystoma tigrinum. They may retain gills and remain aquatic without developing all of the adult characteristics. However, under proper changes in the environment they metamorphose.
The domestic dog, Canis familiaris, comprising about 400 breeds, of the carnivore family CANIDAE. They are worldwide in distribution and live in association with people. (Walker's Mammals of the World, 5th ed, p1065)
Dilatation of the COLON, often to alarming dimensions. There are various types of megacolon including congenital megacolon in HIRSCHSPRUNG DISEASE, idiopathic megacolon in CONSTIPATION, and TOXIC MEGACOLON.
The volume of air that is exhaled by a maximal expiration following a maximal inspiration.
A fetal heart structure that is the bulging areas in the cardiac septum between the HEART ATRIA and the HEART VENTRICLES. During development, growth and fusion of endocardial cushions at midline forms the two atrioventricular canals, the sites for future TRICUSPID VALVE and BICUSPID VALVE.
A genus of chiefly Eurasian and African land snails including the principal edible snails as well as several pests of cultivated plants.
Studies to determine the advantages or disadvantages, practicability, or capability of accomplishing a projected plan, study, or project.
The amount of BLOOD pumped out of the HEART per beat, not to be confused with cardiac output (volume/time). It is calculated as the difference between the end-diastolic volume and the end-systolic volume.
A disease of chronic diffuse irreversible airflow obstruction. Subcategories of COPD include CHRONIC BRONCHITIS and PULMONARY EMPHYSEMA.
A gel-forming mucin that is primarily found on the surface of gastric epithelium and in the RESPIRATORY TRACT. Mucin 5AC was originally identified as two distinct proteins, however a single gene encodes the protein which gives rise to the mucin 5A and mucin 5C variants.
Subset of helper-inducer T-lymphocytes which synthesize and secrete the interleukins IL-4, IL-5, IL-6, and IL-10. These cytokines influence B-cell development and antibody production as well as augmenting humoral responses.
Tomography using x-ray transmission and a computer algorithm to reconstruct the image.
Act of listening for sounds within the heart.
A cytokine that promotes differentiation and activation of EOSINOPHILS. It also triggers activated B-LYMPHOCYTES to differentiate into IMMUNOGLOBULIN-secreting cells.
Widening of a stenosed HEART VALVE by the insertion of a balloon CATHETER into the valve and inflation of the balloon.
A thin leaf-shaped cartilage that is covered with LARYNGEAL MUCOSA and situated posterior to the root of the tongue and HYOID BONE. During swallowing, the epiglottis folds back over the larynx inlet thus prevents foods from entering the airway.
A statistical technique that isolates and assesses the contributions of categorical independent variables to variation in the mean of a continuous dependent variable.
Spasmodic contraction of the smooth muscle of the bronchi.
An abnormal balloon- or sac-like dilatation in the wall of AORTA.
Supplying a building or house, their rooms and corridors, with fresh air. The controlling of the environment thus may be in public or domestic sites and in medical or non-medical locales. (From Dorland, 28th ed)
Manual and mechanical airway suctioning. Dislodging of foreign body airway obstructions through heimlich maneuver and visible ... Positive-pressure ventilation using a bag valve mask device. Use of body substance isolation, assessing and maintaining scene ... Airway positioning using head-tilt chin-lift and jaw-thrust maneuvers. BLS cardiopulmonary resuscitation. Automated external ... OEC technician training focuses primarily on assessing and treating immediate life threats to the patients' airway, breathing ...
Oropharyngeal airway Nasopharyngeal airway Bag valve mask Manual aspirator or suction unit Sphygmomanometer (blood pressure ... For this purpose the mask should not have an exhale valve) Apron Trauma shears for cutting clothing and general use Scissors ... Note that epinephrine does not treat the anaphylactic shock itself, it only opens the airway to prevent suffocation and allow ... Best administered as soon as symptoms appear when impending anaphylactic shock is suspected- Once the airway is restricted, ...
... mechanical ventilation using a bag-valve mask, placement of air way adjuncts such as oropharyngeal and nasopharyngeal airways, ... and suctioning. In addition, EMT-Bs are trained to assist patients with administration of certain prescribed medications, ...
... positive pressure ventilation with a bag valve mask, oral airway, nasal airway, supplemental oxygen administration, suctioning ... Some exceptions in some jurisdictions include insertion of King airways or combi-tubes, traction splinting, and administration ...
"Suction Assisted Laryngoscopy and Airway Decontamination (SALAD): A technique for improved emergency airway management". ... Either a bag valve mask or an advanced airway may be used to help with breathing particularly since vomiting and regurgitation ... then modification to existing oropharyngeal suction may be required, such as the use of Suction Assisted Laryngoscopy Airway ... White L, Melhuish T, Holyoak R, Ryan T, Kempton H, Vlok R (December 2018). "Advanced airway management in out of hospital ...
... supraglottic airway insertion, manual repositioning, sterile suctioning, use of oropharyngeal and nasopharyngeal airway ... cannulation Oxygen administration and positive pressure ventilation via bag-valve-mask, CPAP device, or ventilator Fluid ... assisting the anaesthetist and performing airway management techniques such as endotracheal intubation. Completion of the ... point-of-care ultrasound and blood chemistry interpretation Airway management techniques including tracheal intubation, ...
An oropharyngeal airway is used during bag-valve-mask ventilation to prevent oropharynx soft tissues from blocking the airway. ... If a foreign body can be detected, the practitioner may remove it with a finger sweep of the oropharynx and suction. It is ... Pediatric bags have a valve that limits peak airway pressures to around 35-40 cm of water. Practitioners must tweak valve ... Airway obstruction: Obstruction may occur in the upper and lower airway. Upper airway obstruction is common in infants less ...
This device has unidirectional valves which suck in ambient air, which can be enriched with oxygen from a cylinder, with the ... The machine is commonly used together with a mechanical ventilator, breathing system, suction equipment, and patient monitoring ... ventilator alarms, which warn of low or high airway pressures. interlocks between the vaporizers preventing inadvertent ... valves, to monitor gas pressure throughout the system and protect the machine components and patient from excessive rises ...
ISBN 0-8016-1556-9 Anaesthesia - Nasal Oxygen set Oxygen Catheter Mask Airways Suction Catheter Eschmann Tracheal Tube - ... The respirator bag valve mask Anesthesia machine Oxygen mask Laryngoscope Tracheostomy tube Tuohy needle Flexible Endoscope ...
Suction Machine check (according to ASA guidelines) Airway equipment (ETT, laryngoscope, oral/nasal airway) IV equipment Drugs ... high-output states Infarct Bad valves (mitral stenosis) Stimulants (cocaine, theo, amphet, caffeine) Secret little TIP (about) ... Masks Airways Laryngoscopes Endotracheal tubes Suction/Stylette, bougie "Little Boys Prefer Toys": Lidocaine Bupivacaine ... hyperkalemia/hypomagnesmia/hypoxemia Pulmonary embolism Acidosis Drug overdose SOAP ME Suction Oxygen Airway equipment ...
... past the one way valve. Bag and valve combinations can also be attached to an alternative airway adjunct, instead of to the ... following their initial work on a suction pump. Hesse's company was later renamed Ambu A/S, which has manufactured and marketed ... Some devices have PEEP valve connectors, for better positive airway pressure maintenance. A covered port may be incorporated ... A pressure relief valve (often known as a "pop-up valve") is typically included in pediatric versions and some adult versions, ...
The device consists of a combination of HME and an automatic speaking valve. The valve closes automatically when exhaling air ... Wearing an HME cassette does not compensate for the loss of upper airway filtration of smaller particles such as bacteria and ... Humidification and suctioning are necessary to manage secretions in patients on mechanical ventilation. According to Branson ( ... Besides that, the hands-free HME enables easy removal in case of coughing, or even an adjustable cough relief valve, to release ...
Emergency airway access Airway access for prolonged mechanical ventilation Functional or mechanical upper airway obstruction ... The suction catheter is inserted no more than 1 cm past the length of the tube to avoid contact with trachea tissue. Suctioning ... Special tracheostomy tube valves (such as the Passy-Muir valve) have been created to assist people in their speech. The patient ... Suctioning is only performed when clinically necessary because there are many potential risks. Risks include hypoxia and so ...
Newer devices feature esophageal ports for suctioning or ports for tube exchange to allow intubation. Supraglottic airways ... as bag valve masks and anesthesia bags that require the users to hold the ventilator to the face or to an artificial airway and ... Supraglottic airway - a supraglottic airway (SGA) is any airway device that is seated above and outside the trachea, as an ... In other circumstances simple airway maneuvres, an oropharyngeal airway or laryngeal mask airway may be employed. If the ...
The second chamber functions as a "water seal", which acts as a one way valve allowing gas to escape, but not reenter the chest ... The third chamber is the suction control chamber. The height of the water in this chamber regulates the negative pressure ... Alternatively, the tube can be attached to a flutter valve. This allows patients with pneumothorax to remain more mobile. ... Newer drainage systems eliminate the water seal using a mechanical check-valve, and some also use a mechanical regulator to ...
The inflow of air into the lungs occurs via the respiratory airways (Fig. 2). In health, these airways begin with the nose. It ... 23). Thus the mouth cavity and gill chambers act alternately as suction pump and pressure pump to maintain a steady flow of ... The mouth cavity then contracts inducing the closure of the passive oral valves, thereby preventing the back-flow of water from ... The branching airways of the lower tract are often described as the respiratory tree or tracheobronchial tree (Fig. 2). The ...
Wind-savers are one-way valves made from thin strips of plastic, knit paper, leather, or Teflon glued to the reed plate. They ... When the free end is made to vibrate by the player's air, it alternately blocks and unblocks the airway to produce sound. Reeds ... while those fixed on the outer side respond to suction. Most harmonicas are constructed with the reed plates screwed or bolted ... For example, when a draw note is played, the valve on the blow reed-slot is sucked shut, preventing air from leaking through ...
Globe-Style Valves for Gas (Except Oxygen Gas) and Hydraulic Systems F1795-00(2019) Specification for Pressure-Reducing Valves ... Safety Performance Specification for Safe Design and Installation of Field Fabricated Suction-Limiting Vent Systems for Suction ... Supply Chain Information Exchange F2726-08 Specification for fixation devices for tracheal tubes and other airway devices F2727 ... Specification for Automatic Shut-Off Valves (Also Known as Excess Flow Valves, EFV) for Air or Nitrogen Service F1794-97(2021) ...
Valves seal the nostrils and ears when it is submerged. Unlike other reptiles, crocodilians have hearts with four chambers ... The feet have four or five digits and the toes are often webbed for swimming or have suction pads for climbing. Frogs have ... Smooth muscle is found in the walls of the uterus, bladder, intestines, stomach, oesophagus, respiratory airways, and blood ... Erasistratus was also responsible for naming and describing the function of the epiglottis and the valves of the heart, ...
Negative pressure suction (at low pressures of -10 to -20 cmH2O) at a high flow rate may be attempted, particularly in PSP; it ... In a minority of cases, a one-way valve is formed by an area of damaged tissue, and the amount of air in the space between ... The lungs are fully inflated within the cavity because the pressure inside the airways is higher than the pressure inside the ... They are connected to a one-way valve system that allows air to escape, but not to re-enter, the chest. This may include a ...
Helium leaks from damaged or faulty valves more readily than other gases because atoms of helium are smaller allowing them to ... Modern machines incorporate a ventilator, suction unit, and patient monitoring devices.[clarification needed][citation needed] ... laryngeal mask airway or tracheal tube connected to an anaesthetic vaporiser and an anaesthetic delivery system. The ... Water content is limited by risks of icing of control valves, and corrosion of containment surfaces - higher humidity is not a ...
Barrie developed an underwater safety valve in the oxygen circuit. The tubes were originally made of rubber, but these had the ... The care is provided at apex institutions and regional perinatal centers equipped with centralized oxygen and suction ... these can look after babies who need more advanced support such as parenteral nutrition and continuous positive airway pressure ... on the basis of their ability to provide assisted ventilation including continuous positive airway pressure. Level II units are ...
When possible, basic airway management should be prioritized including head-tilt-chin-lift maneuvers, and bag-valve masking. If ... In advanced airway management, the inhaled foreign objects, however, are either removed by using a simple plastic suction ... laryngeal mask airway, all types of supraglottic airways (SGA), and trans-tracheal or trans-cricothyroid membrane airways). ... a supraglottic airway can be utilized to aid in oxygenation and maintenance of a patent airway. An oropharyngeal airway is ...
... have de-emphasized the role of tracheal intubation in favor of other airway management techniques such as bag-valve-mask ... Another type of endotracheal tube has four small openings just above the inflatable cuff, which can be used for suction of the ... The Airway Cam Guide to Intubation and Practical Emergency Airway Management (1st ed.). Wayne, Pennsylvania: Airway Cam ... Life-threatening airway obstruction may occur when a foreign body becomes lodged in the airway; this is especially common in ...
Qatar Airways grounded their five Dreamliners. Ethiopian Airlines was the final operator to temporarily ground its four ... It was found later that a faulty valve was responsible. This fuel leak is one of numerous problems experienced by Norwegian Air ... delays the critical transition from laminar to turbulent flow as far back as possible on the vertical tail by passive suction ... By January 2010, all orders, from Japan Airlines and All Nippon Airways, had been converted to the 787-8. As it was designed ...
Most scuba cylinder valves are currently of the K-valve type, which is a simple manually operated screw-down on-off valve. In ... In some cases the outlet suction must be limited and an additional back-pressure regulator, a device that maintains a specified ... block the mouthpiece during purging to prevent water or other matter in the regulator from being blown into the diver's airway ... The reclaim exhaust valve may be a two-stage valve for lower resistance, and will generally have a manual bypass valve which ...
The inflow of air into the lungs occurs via the respiratory airways (Fig. 2). In health these airways (starting at the nose or ... 23). Thus the mouth cavity and gill chambers act alternately as suction pump and pressure pump to maintain a steady flow of ... The mouth cavity then contracts inducing the closure of the passive oral valves, thereby preventing the back-flow of water from ... The branching airways of the lower tract are often described as the respiratory tree or tracheobronchial tree (Fig. 2).[4] The ...
Smooth muscle is found in the walls of the uterus, bladder, intestines, stomach, oesophagus, respiratory airways, and blood ... Valves seal the nostrils and ears when it is submerged. Unlike other reptiles, crocodilians have hearts with four chambers ... The feet have four or five digits and the toes are often webbed for swimming or have suction pads for climbing. Frogs have ... Erasistratus was also responsible for naming and describing the function of the epiglottis and the valves of the heart, ...
... have de-emphasized the role of tracheal intubation in favor of other airway management techniques such as bag-valve-mask ... Another type of endotracheal tube has four small openings just above the inflatable cuff, which can be used for suction of the ... and Sukhupragarn W, Management of the airway, pp. 751-92 *^ a b c d e Miller (2000), Stone DJ and Gal TJ, Airway management, pp ... The Airway Cam Guide to Intubation and Practical Emergency Airway Management (1st ed.). Wayne, Pennsylvania: Airway Cam ...
See also: Air suction valve. Emission standards focus on reducing pollutants contained in the exhaust gases from vehicles as ... Scientific Study of Harmful Effects of Diesel Exhaust: Acute Inflammatory Responses in the Airways and Peripheral Blood After ...
Most modern demand valves use a downstream valve mechanism, where the valve poppet moves in the same direction as the flow of ... In some cases the outlet suction must be limited and a back-pressure regulator may be required. This would usually be the case ... block the mouthpiece during purging to prevent water or other matter in the regulator from being blown into the diver's airway ... Some demand valves use a small, sensitive pilot valve to control the opening of the main valve. The Poseidon Jetstream and ...
... bag-valve mask; suction; appropriately sized oral airways and endotracheal tubes; laryngoscope with appropriate blades; and ... The most serious complication is respiratory failure from airway obstruction or hypoventilation. Advanced airway-management ... Care must be taken in any patient with upper or lower respiratory tract pathology because of the low risk for airway compromise ... Adverse effects of ketamine include recovery agitation, transient airway complications such as laryngospasm, and emesis.15 ...
Suction airway. - Insert oral or nasal airway. - Restore patent airway. - Ventilate with bag-valve mask. - Administer oxygen. ... Do what is necessary to ensure an open airway. • Perform urgent or emergency moves as necessary. • If part of patients body is ...
We continued CPR, suctioned her airway, shocked her again. Still no response. ... I took over chest compressions and my partner started ventilating the patient with a bag-valve mask. The paramedics ... One paramedic was securing her airway while the other was performing chest compressions. The womans son stood behind them, ...
Suctioning in the Home. Suctioning: Artificial Airway. Suctioning: Artificial Airway During Mechanical Ventilation Suctioning: ... Speaking Valve Placement. Specimen Collection: Neonatal Capillary Blood Gases. Specimen Collection: Sputum By Suction. ... Laryngeal Mask Airway. Laryngeal Mask Airway: Neonatal and Pediatric Patients. Liquid Oxygen System in the Home. Lung Volume: ... Nasopharyngeal Airway Insertion. Oral Airway Insertion. Oxygen Equipment: Home Management Education Oxygen Indices. Oxygen Tank ...
... Management of the obstructed airway More product information , ... Updated airway allows for insertion of standard airway devices with the addition of the LMA, Combitube and King LT ... The Deluxe Difficult Airway Trainer features a manually inflatable tongue to simulate obstructed airway and is designed for ... Airway Management. *CPR Barrier Devices. *Ventilation. *Suction Units. *more...›. Virtual Simulation. *vSim® for Nursing ...
Updated airway allows for insertion of standard airway devices with the addition of the LMA, Combitube and King LT ... The Deluxe Difficult Airway Trainer is designed for training the management of difficult airways and features a manually ... The Deluxe Difficult Airway Trainer features a manually inflatable tongue to simulate obstructed airway and is designed for ... Manually inflatable tongue to simulate obstructed airway or tongue edema. *Anatomically correct internal anatomy facilitates ...
Frequent suctioning of the airways will be necessary to remove mucous secretions. When possible, atropine and 2-PAM Cl should ... The Chemical Resuscitation Device is a bag-valve mask equipped with a chemical agent cannister that can be used to ventilate ... Quickly ensure that the victim has a patent airway. If trauma is suspected, maintain cervical immobilization manually and apply ... Quickly ensure that the victim has a patent airway. Maintain adequate circulation. If trauma is suspected, maintain cervical ...
High flow oxygen, bag valve mask, suction, and airway equipment (including adjuncts) are prepared, and the patient is evaluated ... the patient should be assessed for signs of predicted airway difficulty in the event that bag-valve-mask ventilation or ... Its major advantages are that is provides excellent analgesia while preserving airway reflexes and without causing respiratory ... for predictors of airway difficulty. He is given a propofol bolus of 50 mg, followed by 25 mg boluses every 2 minutes until ...
Bag-valve-mask.. *Oropharyngeal airway adjunct.. *Oxygen resuscitation system with oxygen cylinder. ... Suction device.. *Workplace incident, injury, trauma or illness record or other appropriate workplace incident report form. ...
LSP-L670 Adult Disposable Bag Valve Mask. *Oropharyngeal Airways Set. *Oxygen Powered Suction Unit ... Optional oxygen powered suction unit pouch. *Multiple external window panels for instructions and layout guides to assist users ... Full range of Basic to ALS Airway equipment can be carried depending on level of care you provide ... Dimensions: Height cm x Width cm x Length cm (Add x to length for Suction) ...
Suction valves-four-Storz (Karl Storz Endoscopy). *. MADgic atomizer device-three-Wolfe Tory Medical, Inc., Salt Lake City, UT ... Teaching management of the airway: the UCSD airway rotation. In: Benumof JL, editor. Airway Management: Principles and Practice ... perform an awake intubation in the predicted difficult airway, and perform a surgical airway in the failed airway ("cannot ... Each difficult airway cart is equipped with a Difficult Airway Video Intubation (D.A.V.I.) system manufactured by Karl Storz ...
Airway suction. *Endotracheal tube placement. *Airway management. *CPR. *Bag Valve Mask (BVM) ventilation ... Ensuring airway patency and the use of advanced airway techniques i. Bag-valve mask ventilation ii. Oral endotracheal ... Placement of oral airway; Airway suctioning; Cricothyroid membrane puncture technique ... 28-29, 31): Basic life support (CPR); Laryngoscopy/endotracheal tube placement; Basic airway management (clearance, bagging); ...
On autopsy, the deceased fire fighter was found to have a myxoid valve. In the absence of any heart murmur, it is unlikely the ... AED pads were placed on the victims chest while an oral-pharyngeal airway was inserted. The victim began to receive oxygen at ... The resuscitation effort was complicated by two to three episodes of regurgitation, each handled by suction. ... myxoid changes of the mitral valve, and 4) no evidence of blood clots in the lung arteries (pulmonary emboli). ...
Airway opening manoeuvres. *Suction *Oropharyngeal airway insertion. *Nasopharyngeal airway insertion. *Use of bag-valve-mask ...
EMP can supply your every need in obstructed airway management equipment. ... Airway Maintenance is the #1 priority in basic and advanced life support. ... 1) Adult bag valve mask. * (1) Rescue suction unit. * (1) Curaplex® NPA kit, 9 sizes (20fr, 22fr, 24fr, 26fr, 28fr, 30fr, 32fr ... The Curaplex® Advanced Oxy Kit is an oxygen kit that provides a variety of masks, airways, hoses, cannulas, and more. This kit ...
4 Bag-Valve-Mask (BVM) *4.1 Components. *4.2 Use. *5 Suction Devices ... An oropharyngeal airway can be used to prevent the tongue from blocking the airway. When these airways are inserted properly, ... Bag-Valve-Mask (BVM)[edit , edit source]. See also: Oxygen Administration. A bag valve mask (also known as a BVM or Ambu bag, ... Suction Devices[edit , edit source]. In the case of a victim who vomits or has other secretions in the airway, these techniques ...
It has a realistic airway, articulation, and umbilical catheterization to meet training needs ... Oropharyngeal and nasopharyngeal airway insertion with right mainstem intubation and suctioning. *Realistic chest rise and fall ... with bag-valve-mask ventilation. *Realistic practice of chest compressions. *Umbilical cord with two arteries and one vein ... It has a realistic airway, articulation, and umbilical catheterization to meet training needs in the Neonatal Resuscitation ...
A syringe and a suction control valve are interchangeably connectable to the proximal end of the catheter assembly. ... the second port being adapted for connection to the artificial airway. The apparatus further includes a catheter assembly, ... to maintain an uninterrupted ventilation pathway between the first and second ports and to provide a travel path for a suction ... is structured and arranged to permit advancement of the distal end of the catheter through the manifold and artificial airway. ...
The FF-P regurgitated and the crew member suctioned his airway. An oral airway was inserted into the FF-Ps trachea to keep the ... CPR was continued and oxygen (100%) was administered via bag-valve-mask (BVM). The City Police Chief arrived and provided ... airway open. The Fire Chief arrived at the scene at approximately 1715 hours and assisted. At 1716 hours, the crew member ...
Manual and mechanical airway suctioning. Dislodging of foreign body airway obstructions through heimlich maneuver and visible ... Positive-pressure ventilation using a bag valve mask device. Use of body substance isolation, assessing and maintaining scene ... Airway positioning using head-tilt chin-lift and jaw-thrust maneuvers. BLS cardiopulmonary resuscitation. Automated external ... OEC technician training focuses primarily on assessing and treating immediate life threats to the patients airway, breathing ...
Cuff inflation valve. *Tapered, low pressure cuff. *Evacuation port. *Suction lumen. *Catheters with radiopaque line ... Home Airway & Oxygen Delivery ET Tubes Shiley™ Evac Oral Endotracheal Tubes with TaperGuard™ Cuff ... taper-shaped cuff design that provides a smaller area of contact with the patients airway than traditional barrel shaped cuffs ... taper-shaped cuff design that provides a smaller area of contact with the patients airway than traditional barrel shaped cuffs ...
Bag-valve-mask ventilation. 42 (3.8). 42 (23.1). NA. Suction. 4 (0.4). 4 (2.2). NA. ... continuous positive airway pressure; EMS, emergency medical service; NA, not applicable; NiPPV, noninvasive positive-pressure ...
Equipment: Airway, Masks and Oxygen. *Bag-Valve Mask (2 bag sizes and 3 mask sizes) ... Portable suction device and catheters or bulb suction. *Pulse Oximeter. *Oxygen tank and flow meter ...
Airway inspection checks. Remove the valve pipe, near to the base of the machine. ... Is the suction from the hose strong or weaker than usual?. Strong suction ... Airway inspection checks. Remove the valve pipe, near to the base of the machine. ... Check the valve pipe is clear of blockages by pressing the push button to remove it from the valve carriage. ...
... a suction device developed for resuscitating choking victims. ... ALS with its one-way valve that prevents pushing food or object ... suction rescue device developed for resuscitating a victim with an airway obstruction. This portable suction device will save ... downward by extracting the obstruction to clear the airway of the choking victim. Buy LifeVac Choking Aid right here at ...
In-Line Suction. *Flex Tip Bougie. *PEEP Valve. Besides the pack, you will need intubation meds, a video laryngoscope and ... from Safer Airways. *Addition of nasal cannula underneath will allow CPAP with PEEP valve if needed. I would only turn NC up to ... If suction is used, it should be closed circuit suction. Miscellaneous. How to Nebulize if we really, really think it is a good ... Safer Airway Society Guidelines. By a bunch of my SMACC airway buddies ...
Evaporation of secretions occurs due to redirection of air through the upper airway during exhalation. May reduce suctioning ... Why use a Passy Muir® Valve?. "No Leak" Design. The patented "No Leak" design of the Passy Muir® Valves means that the valve is ... Home » Products » Passy Muir Valves » What is a Passy Muir Valve?. What is a Passy Muir® Valve?. .title { display:none; } h1 { ... Restores Positive Airway Pressure: Due to the closed position "No Leak" design of the Passy Muir® Valves and the more normal ...
Uncover the suction valve to stop the suction.. It is normal to have some mucus in your airway, but mucus can build up and ... Attach the suction catheter to the suction machine. Make sure the suction is working by first suctioning normal saline from the ... Suction:. * Apply suction. At the same time, slowly pull the catheter out of your trach tube. Move the catheter tip in a circle ... Prepare to suction:. * Turn on the suction machine to _____ mm Hg. (Use the setting you were given by your healthcare provider ...
Learn the right steps of cpr and how to use and aed and bag valve mask. Also learn advanced emergency skills of acls and pals. ... You must also know 2 person CPR, bag/valve mask, CPR one way valve mask, and AED. You must also know about advanced airways and ... This is accomplished using a suction device. Most ambulances will carry an electric suction device, but for reasons of ... Bag-Valve Mask (BVM). Like the Pocket Mask, the BVM includes a face mask with a one-way valve. The key difference is that the ...
  • The most serious complication is respiratory failure from airway obstruction or hypoventilation. (aafp.org)
  • MaxiAids offers LifeVacs Choking Aid, a non-powered, non-invasive, suction rescue device developed for resuscitating a victim with an airway obstruction. (maxiaids.com)
  • This portable suction device will save choking victims such as children over 40 lbs, the elderly and those with Neurological Conditions MS, MD, ALS with its one-way valve that prevents pushing food or object downward by extracting the obstruction to clear the airway of the choking victim. (maxiaids.com)
  • 1._____Relief of airway obstruction 2. (studystack.com)
  • This difficulty can lead to a vicious cycle of recurrent episodes of inflammation, respiratory infections, lung damage, increased production of excess mucus, and possibly airway obstruction. (healthofchildren.com)
  • The device uses a patented one-way valve which prevents air from pushing the obstruction downward. (hme-business.com)
  • This creates a one-way suction to remove the obstruction and clear the airway of the victim. (hme-business.com)
  • Attempt to pass a suction catheter down the endotracheal tube to assess for obstruction from mucus plugging. (psychiatryadvisor.com)
  • Airway obstruction: Obstruction may occur in the upper and lower airway. (wikipedia.org)
  • Upper airway obstruction is common in infants less than 3 months old, because they are nose breathers. (wikipedia.org)
  • Nasal blockage may easily lead to upper airway obstruction in infants. (wikipedia.org)
  • For other ages, upper airway obstruction may occur from edema of the vocal cords, foreign bodies, or pharyngolaryngeal tracheal inflammation. (wikipedia.org)
  • Lower airway obstruction may occur from bronchospasm, drowning, or airspace filling disorders (e.g. pneumonia, pulmonary edema, pulmonary hemorrhage). (wikipedia.org)
  • Contraindications include severe airway trauma or obstruction. (clinicaladvisor.com)
  • Oral Pressure Therapy (OPT) is a treatment for obstructive sleep apnea that uses vacuum pressure to suction the soft palate towards the middle of the mouth with the objective of widening the nasal airway reducing or eliminating airway obstruction. (sleepassociation.org)
  • To prevent upper airway obstruction and renal dysfunction. (suagm.edu)
  • The manifold is structured and arranged to maintain an uninterrupted ventilation pathway between the first and second ports and to provide a travel path for a suction catheter between the second and third ports, the second port being adapted for connection to the artificial airway. (google.es)
  • The catheter assembly is structured and arranged to permit advancement of the distal end of the catheter through the manifold and artificial airway. (google.es)
  • A syringe and a suction control valve are interchangeably connectable to the proximal end of the catheter assembly. (google.es)
  • connecting a suction control device to said proximal end of said catheter assembly to effect suction through the lumen of said catheter through which the medicament is discharged. (google.es)
  • 2. The method according to claim 1 , wherein said storage and delivery component is a syringe with a discharge end removably connectable to said proximal end of said catheter assembly, said medicament is surfactant, and said suction control device is a valve. (google.es)
  • An endotracheal tube and suction catheter system having an inflatable cuff with a unique shape, collection pocket formed by the inflatable cuff and a unique railing system for controllably guiding a suction catheter along the tube and into or proximal to the pocket. (google.com)
  • Do this by covering the suction valve on the catheter with your thumb. (drugs.com)
  • You may also reuse suction catheters, but only in emergencies (for example, if your size suction catheter is on backorder from your home health company or if you are traveling and have underestimated the amount of catheters you would need while away). (luriechildrens.org)
  • and to determine if these changes were preventable using a CSC with a valve insitu between the airway and catheter-cleaning chamber. (rcjournal.com)
  • Conclusions When there is no valve between the airway and suction catheter, cleaning of the CSC results in significant derangements in lung volume. (rcjournal.com)
  • A bag valve mask (also known as a BVM or Ambu bag , which is a brand name) is a hand-held device used to provide ventilation to a victim who is not breathing. (wikibooks.org)
  • Apparatus for delivering a medicament through an artificial airway connected to a patient ventilation/aspiration system without breaking the ventilation circuit comprises a manifold with an interior chamber communicating with first, second and third ports. (google.es)
  • Positive-pressure ventilation using a bag valve mask device. (wikipedia.org)
  • Adult, pediatric and neonatal ventilator dependent patients can utilize the Passy Muir ® Valve during mechanical ventilation. (passy-muir.com)
  • A Bag Valve Mask, abbreviated to BVM and sometimes known by the proprietary name 'Ambu Bag' or generically as a Manual Resuscitator or 'self-inflating bag', is a hand-held device commonly used to provide positive pressure ventilation to patients who are not breathing or not breathing adequately. (overheidsdigitalisering.nl)
  • Non-invasive ventilation may be given via bag-valve mask (BVM) or BiPAP. (myasthenia.org)
  • Invasive ventilation is needed when airway patency cannot be maintained or when noninvasive ventilation is unsuccessful. (myasthenia.org)
  • Management interventions include supplying oxygen, opening the airway, and means of artificial ventilation. (wikipedia.org)
  • In patients who require assisted ventilation, another adapter can be attached to a BVM and advanced airway device. (ems1.com)
  • Waveform capnography is a useful tool to identify when patients with an altered mental status need assisted ventilation with a bag valve mask. (ems1.com)
  • Once ventilation is assisted with a bag valve mask, ETCO2 would spike until the excess CO2 is washed out of the lungs. (ems1.com)
  • Therefore, the presence of such a valve should be considered essential in preserving lung volumes and uninterrupted ventilation in mechanically ventilated patients. (rcjournal.com)
  • Pre-hospital advanced airway management with oxygenation and ventilation may be vital for managing critically ill or injured patients. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Lung volume changes during cleaning of closed endotracheal suction catheters: a randomised crossover study using electrical impedance tomography. (rcjournal.com)
  • Closed suction catheters (CSC) minimise lung volume loss during suctioning but require cleaning post-suction. (rcjournal.com)
  • Conflicts of Interest Statement and Source of funding Kimberly-Clark supported this study by supplying 10 Ballard Trach Care-72™ closed suction catheters. (rcjournal.com)
  • The American Society of Anesthesiologist (ASA) Practice Guidelines for Management of Difficult Airway suggests that when conventional intubation techniques fail after three attempts, advanced airway management devices or techniques should be utilized and immediately available [ 1 ]. (pubmedcentralcanada.ca)
  • Endotracheal tubes with TaperGuard™ cuff technology have features that may help reduce the tracheal impact of intubation with a unique, taper-shaped cuff design that provides a smaller area of contact with the patient's airway than traditional barrel shaped cuffs. (boundtree.com)
  • Although there are many hospitalists that routinely treat patients that require airway management and intubation, there remains a fair amount of practitioners that do not often encounter this patient population. (clinicaladvisor.com)
  • When endotracheal intubation is unsuccessful, the hospitalist must be familiar with the use of alternative airway devices, such as laryngeal mask airway (LMA). (clinicaladvisor.com)
  • 2. Use Bag-Valve mask (BVM) to provide 100% supplemental oxygen to patient prior to intubation. (clinicaladvisor.com)
  • Improved airway allows better visualization of vocal cords and easy intubation. (gaumard.com)
  • The updated dataset covers risk factors for difficult intubation, checklist and standard operating procedure use, pre-oxygenation strategies, the use of drugs in airway management, airway currency training, developments in airway devices, airway management strategies, and patient safety issues not previously described. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Suction device. (sma.org.au)
  • Invented by a patient named David Muir, the Passy Muir ® Valve is a simple medical device used by tracheostomy and ventilator patients. (passy-muir.com)
  • In the early 2000s, some newer devices, such as the positive expiratory pressure (PEP) valve and the flutter device, have been added to the various chest physical therapy techniques. (healthofchildren.com)
  • LifeVac is non-invasive, non-powered, portable airway clearance device that is used in a choking emergency if standard. (hme-business.com)
  • The grape hadn't been dislodged by the Heimlich manoeuvre, which led Lih and friends to question why an airway clearance device that did the job for you hadn't been invented. (healthandcare.co.uk)
  • The device is non-invasive, meaning that it won't damage the airways. (healthandcare.co.uk)
  • All of our LifeVac products come with at least one LifeVac Airway Clearance Device. (healthandcare.co.uk)
  • First up is the LifeVac EMS Portable Airway Clearance Device . (healthandcare.co.uk)
  • Second is the LifeVac Wall-Mounted Airway Clearance Device Kit , which is best suited to areas with an increased choking risk which includes eating areas, dining rooms, schools, care homes and other care facilities. (healthandcare.co.uk)
  • LiveVac Standard Portable Airway Clearance Device - For Homes, Businesses, Cafe's and More. (healthandcare.co.uk)
  • Finally, we have the LifeVac Standard Portable Airway Clearance Device . (healthandcare.co.uk)
  • Demonstrate the proper use and application of a manual suction device in the treatment of a victim who is vomiting or who has fluid in the upper airway. (lifesavingsociety.com)
  • The clear valve housing provides an unobstructed view of the valve operation while the 360° swivel connector provides optimal device positioning. (overheidsdigitalisering.nl)
  • According to independent studies, the 2H Filter's target market is a $500 million medical disposable device market that comprises: respirators, ventilators, anesthesia circuit filters and emergency bag valve masks , among other applications. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Sam D. Say is owner and CEO of SSCOR, Inc., a medical device manufacturer specializing in emergency battery operated portable suction devices for the hospital and pre-hospital settings. (sscor.com)
  • Basic emergency skills taught include using airway adjuncts, assisting patients with medications, splinting and bandaging, providing emergency care for environmental illnesses and injuries, using special equipment and techniques particular to non-urban rescuers, and managing prolonged transport. (wikipedia.org)
  • Protocols and standing orders may differ slightly from the OEC standards of training, but maximally, may include the following: Use of external airway adjuncts, namely the OPA and NPA. (wikipedia.org)
  • He said he will write to the Civil Aviation Authority, European Aviation Safety Agency and Irish Aviation Authority about the possibility of installing defibrillators, bag valve masks , airway adjuncts and suction equipment on planes. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • The airway is then inserted into the patient's mouth upside down. (wikibooks.org)
  • The airway is inserted with the bevelled side towards the nostrils until the entire airway is inside the patient's nasal cavity. (wikibooks.org)
  • Suction Easy effectively clears the patient's oral pharynx so that no critical airway management event should fail due to fluids in the oropharynx. (sja.org.uk)
  • Surgical treatments for snoring include several different techniques for removing tissue from the back of the patient's throat, reshaping the nasal passages or jaw, or preventing the tongue from blocking the airway during sleep. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Measures to improve the efficiency of cardiopulmonary resuscitation include a suction cup attached to the patient's chest that enables the rescuer to pull up as well as push down, and an impedance valve placed between the bag and mask (or advanced airway) to limit passive entry of air during chest recoil and keep intrathoracic pressure down. (bmj.com)
  • an airway apparatus used to cover the patient's nose and mouth and begin ventilating the lungs mechanically by squeezing a reservoir of oxygen or air. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • The advanced course builds on the basic life support skills at CFR Community level and includes using an oropharyngeal airway (OPA), a supraglottic airway (SGA), and a bag-valve-mask (BVM), checking the patient's pulse, giving oxygen, suction and post resuscitation care. (safetyireland.com)
  • AAFP Residency Guidelines, Urgent / Emergent Care (p. 8): Ensuring airway patency and the use of advanced airway techniques i. (limbsandthings.com)
  • This allows the patient to gain confidence and the physician to assess for airway patency and can significantly shorten the decannulation process. (passy-muir.com)
  • Background Airway suctioning in mechanically ventilated patients is required to maintain airway patency. (rcjournal.com)
  • Tracheostomy, Tracheotomy), is a surgical procedure that creates an airway opening by cutting into the trachea. (studystack.com)
  • Our Thomas Tube Holders secure advanced airway devices, such as Endotracheal Tubes and Supraglottic Airway devices, after insertion into the trachea or oesophagus to reduce the risk of accidental extubation. (laerdal.info)
  • The Montgomery® Safe-T-Tube™ is designed to maintain an adequate airway as well as to provide support in the stenotic trachea that has been reconstituted or reconstructed. (kapitex.com)
  • The Deluxe Difficult Airway Trainer features a manually inflatable tongue to simulate obstructed airway and is designed for training the management of difficult airways. (laerdal.com)
  • Airway model suitable for insertion of an oropharyngeal airway. (sma.org.au)
  • Once contact is made with the back of the throat, the airway is rotated 180 degrees, allowing for easy insertion, and assuring that the tongue is secured. (wikibooks.org)
  • The airway should be well lubricated using a water-based lubricant prior to insertion. (wikibooks.org)
  • This will prevent any excessive damage of the nasal airway during insertion. (wikibooks.org)
  • Some minor bleeding may occur due to the breaking of nasal capillaries, however, as a result of the insertion of the airway, it is not life-threatening. (wikibooks.org)
  • Secondary outcome measures used to examine the clinical performances of the devices were ease of insertion, fiberoptic view, oropharyngeal leak pressure, ventilatory data, ease of gastric tube insertion, and postoperative airway morbidity. (asahq.org)
  • On a manikin, demonstrate the proper sizing, insertion, and follow-up for the use of an oropharyngeal airway. (lifesavingsociety.com)
  • Advanced airway-management skills are a mandatory prerequisite for performing these techniques. (aafp.org)
  • Education and training in advanced airway management as part of an anesthesiology residency program is necessary to help residents attain the status of expert in difficult airway management. (pubmedcentralcanada.ca)
  • The Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME) emphasizes that residents in anesthesiology must obtain significant experience with a broad spectrum of airway management techniques. (pubmedcentralcanada.ca)
  • We describe here this comprehensive advanced airway management educational program at our institution. (pubmedcentralcanada.ca)
  • Future studies will focus on determining if education in advanced airway management results in a decrease in airway related morbidity and mortality and overall better patients' outcome during difficult airway management. (pubmedcentralcanada.ca)
  • Anesthesiologists are recognized as experts in difficult or failed airway management. (pubmedcentralcanada.ca)
  • However, anesthesiology residents are not exposed frequently enough to a difficult or failed airway during the course of their three years of clinical training in order to attain "expert" status in difficult or failed airway management. (pubmedcentralcanada.ca)
  • A comprehensive advanced airway management educational program as a part of an anesthesiology residency program is necessary to help anesthesiology residents earn the status of expert in difficult airway management [ 2 - 4 ] and be able to use successfully advanced airway management devices or techniques when faced with a difficult airway. (pubmedcentralcanada.ca)
  • Before initiation of this rotation, education in advanced airway management was sporadic at our institution consisting of occasional individual teaching as difficult airways arose. (pubmedcentralcanada.ca)
  • With implementation of this rotation, a formal advanced airway management program was instituted. (pubmedcentralcanada.ca)
  • The goals of the comprehensive advanced airway management educational program are to enable residents to obtain significant experience with a broad spectrum of advanced airway management techniques and devices, learn to appropriately apply the ASA Difficult Airway Algorithm, and develop an understanding of the critical decision points in the course of the difficult or failed airway management. (pubmedcentralcanada.ca)
  • In order to successfully implement such a program, it is necessary to develop a specific curriculum, have excellent airway equipment always available, and have a core group of faculty with expertise in advanced airway management. (pubmedcentralcanada.ca)
  • Our department has a core group of faculty with expertise in advanced airway management. (pubmedcentralcanada.ca)
  • Standardized difficult airway carts, uniformly stocked and set up, are utilized during the education and training in advanced airway management techniques. (pubmedcentralcanada.ca)
  • Years of evidence-based research has shown that the Passy Muir ® Valve offers patients numerous clinical benefits beyond communication, including improved swallowing, secretion management, and oxygenation. (passy-muir.com)
  • This page will serve as the repository of COVID19 airway management thoughts and recommendations. (emcrit.org)
  • One-hundred fifty American Society of Anesthesiologists physical status I-II, Mallampati I-II adult patients, aged 18-75 yr, undergoing routine general anesthesia for minor elective surgery were randomly allocated to receive either a PLMA (n = 75) or a LTS (n = 75) for airway management. (asahq.org)
  • Airway Management certification provides senior and experienced lifeguards with specific knowledge and training in the use of oxygen, suction devices, oral airways and masks/bag-valve-masks. (lifesavingsociety.com)
  • Current Airway Management Instructors or current First Aid Instructors who hold Airway Management teach Airway Management. (lifesavingsociety.com)
  • Current Airway Management Examiners or current First Aid Examiners who hold Airway Management certify candidates. (lifesavingsociety.com)
  • Current Advanced First Aid Instructors may continue to teach Airway Management and current Advanced First Aid Examiners may continue to certify candidates. (lifesavingsociety.com)
  • Because emergency physicians (EPs) possess skills in airway control, management of moderate and deep sedation, and ventilator management, we propose that with proper training in general anesthesia, EPs can serve as anesthetists for IMSuRT with anesthesiologist supervision. (scirp.org)
  • Because emergency physicians (EPs) possess skills of airway management, expertise in moderate and deep sedation, and ventilator management, they, after proper training in general anesthesia, could be capable of serving as anesthetists under the direction of anesthesiologists during surgical mission trips in developing countries [6] much as certified registered nurse anesthetists (CRNA) perform in the United States under the close supervision of anesthesiologists. (scirp.org)
  • Basic supplies for airway management and the prevention of infection transmission were severely lacking in most facilities. (bmj.com)
  • His passions include contributing to the management of the patient airway and providing solutions that save lives in difficult conditions. (sscor.com)
  • This comprehensive guide clearly highlights the benefits of the valves and illustrates many aspects of the management of tracheostomised patients (Adult as well as Paediatric). (kapitex.com)
  • Procedures ranging from airway management to airway clearance cover 100 pages perfect for both the student and the seasoned practitioner. (respiratorybooks.com)
  • We aimed to identify which airway data were most important to report today and to revise and update a previously reported Utstein-style airway management dataset. (biomedcentral.com)
  • We recruited sixteen international experts in pre-hospital airway management from Australia, United States of America, and Europe. (biomedcentral.com)
  • The experts agreed on a key dataset of thirty-two operational variables with six additional system variables, organised in time, patient, airway management and system sections. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Using a modified nominal group technique with international airway management experts, we have updated the Utstein-style dataset to report standardised data from pre-hospital advanced airway management. (biomedcentral.com)
  • The dataset enables future airway management research to produce comparable high-quality data across emergency medical systems. (biomedcentral.com)
  • We believe this approach will promote research and improve treatment strategies and outcomes for patients receiving pre-hospital advanced airway management. (biomedcentral.com)
  • The Curaplex ® Advanced Oxy Kit is an oxygen kit that provides a variety of masks, airways, hoses, cannulas, and more. (buyemp.com)
  • Provides a brief overview of the knowledge and skills necessary to provide care to a victim of a breathing emergency using breathing devices, including resuscitation masks and bag-valve-mask resuscitators (BVMs). (redcross.org)
  • The Passy Muir ® Valves are used as an augmentative tool for weaning patients from the ventilator as it reestablishes physiologic PEEP, which in turn may improve oxygenation. (passy-muir.com)
  • In our practice, nursing personnel interview the patients about any history of reactive airways disease, cardiac problems, previous IV contrast media administration, any associated contrast reactions, and any allergic reactions to medications or other allergens. (appliedradiology.com)
  • In addition to the proper medications, it is also important to have a variety of airway devices (including bag valve mask devices for patients of all sizes and ages, nasal cannulas, oral airway kits, suction devices, and an oxygen source) to provide proper early care in the treatment of many reactions (Figure 2). (appliedradiology.com)
  • Patients who developed respiratory arrest from the cause of a foreign body in the airway may choke, call the attention of people nearby to their neck, and give out a harsh sound. (wikipedia.org)
  • This lack of practice may lead to complications, especially in patients with difficult airways in emergent situations. (clinicaladvisor.com)
  • One way valve system that is small and portable for transport or ambulant patients. (rch.org.au)
  • Review of outcomes for such patients in the ICU mortality and morbidity meetings noted that there were numerous medical emergency team (MET) calls for hypoxia and 'threatened airway' amongst ICU patients discharged to the ward with a tracheostomy. (biomedcentral.com)
  • THE ProSeal™ Laryngeal Mask Airway (PLMA) (Laryngeal Mask Company, Henley-on-Thames, United Kingdom) ( fig. 1 ) is a new laryngeal mask airway (LMA) with a modified cuff designed to improve the seal around the glottis and with an added drain tube to provide a bypass channel for regurgitated fluid, prevent gastric insufflation, and allow gastric tube placement. (asahq.org)
  • The newly introduced Laryngeal Tube Suction (LTS) (VBM Medizintechnik Gmbh, Sulz a.N, Germany) ( fig. 2 ) is a further development of the Laryngeal Tube (LT) that allows separation of the respiratory and alimentary tracts. (asahq.org)
  • Laryngeal tube suction. (asahq.org)
  • The i-gel is a cuffless laryngeal mask airway (LMA) that could enhance neonatal resuscitation performance. (bmj.com)
  • A cuffless laryngeal mask airway (LMA) reduced time to spontaneous breathing compared with FM during newborn resuscitation in a low-resource setting. (bmj.com)
  • Respiratory failure may also develop due to weakness of muscle that keep the airway open. (myasthenia.org)
  • It simply works by pushing air into the back of the throat acting as a splint to keep the airway open. (sleepassociation.org)
  • We describe a research technique for fiberoptic bronchoscopy with bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) using manual hand held suction in order to remove nonadherent cells and lung lining fluid from the mucosal surface. (jove.com)
  • We have developed a curriculum for a new Advanced Airway Techniques rotation. (pubmedcentralcanada.ca)
  • Three years ago we implemented an Advanced Airway Techniques (AAT) rotation as a new two- to four-week rotation for residents in anesthesiology during their third year of clinical anesthesia training (CA-3 year). (pubmedcentralcanada.ca)
  • When placed on the hub of the tracheostomy tube or in-line with the ventilator circuit, the Passy Muir ® Valve redirects air flow through the vocal folds, mouth and nose enabling voice and improved communication. (passy-muir.com)
  • The "closed system" also creates a protective column of air in the tracheostomy tube which resists secretions from moving up the tube and occluding the valve. (passy-muir.com)
  • Compared to an ET tube, Tracheostomy tube is much (shorter,longer) and it provides closer access to the lower airways and has (more dead space, lower dead space). (studystack.com)
  • Suction the tracheostomy tube before eating. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Passy-Muir Speaking Valves are the ultimate in tracheostomy speaking valves, providing many clinical benefits due to their unique no-leak design. (kapitex.com)
  • If the patient is hemodynamically unstable, disconnect the patient from the ventilator and manually ventilate by attaching a bag-valve-mask with 100% oxygen via the endotracheal tube. (psychiatryadvisor.com)
  • To treat intrinsic PEEP in a hemodynamically unstable patient, stop manual ventilations by disconnecting the endotracheal tube from the bag-valve-mask or ventilator circuit, and assist the patient in exhaling by gently pressing on the chest wall. (psychiatryadvisor.com)
  • A bag valve mask was used until the ventilator was started again and CPR was continued. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • The Cardiac First Response - Advanced Level Providers Course is designed to provide the ability to recognize several life-threatening emergencies, provide Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation - CPR, use an Automated External Defibrillator - AED, deliver oxygen and use advanced airways and relieve choking in a safe, timely and effective manner. (safetyireland.com)
  • All Passy Muir® Valves have a closed position "No Leak" design that restores a closed respiratory system. (passy-muir.com)
  • Due to the closed position "No Leak" design of the Passy Muir ® Valves and the more normal closed respiratory system it creates, positive airway pressure is restored. (passy-muir.com)
  • Only the closed position "No Leak" design of the Passy Muir ® Valve reestablishes a closed respiratory system and restores subglottic pressure, which improves swallowing and may reduce aspiration. (passy-muir.com)
  • As the patient becomes accustomed to exhaling through the upper airway, patient confidence is improved and respiratory muscle retraining is facilitated. (passy-muir.com)
  • The closed position "No Leak" design of the Passy Muir ® Valves restores a more normal closed respiratory system. (passy-muir.com)
  • Good respiratory health is not possible without efficient clearance of secretions in the airway. (healthofchildren.com)
  • This chapter will consider the impact of cardiopulmonary support on the respiratory system and methods for placing an airway. (alcor.org)
  • Indications may include acute respiratory failure, altered mental status with inability to protect the airway, or need for sedation/paralysis secondary to other causes. (clinicaladvisor.com)
  • Dislodging of foreign body airway obstructions through heimlich maneuver and visible finger sweeps. (wikipedia.org)
  • An oropharyngeal airway can be used to prevent the tongue from blocking the airway. (wikibooks.org)
  • The head-tilt chin-lift is the most reliable method of opening the airway. (wikibooks.org)
  • There are two flap valves in the system - one at the end of the large bore suction tube inside the bulb, the other attached to the outlet port and visible inside the collection bag. (sja.org.uk)
  • Bulb suction. (wikiversity.org)
  • Instead, secretions may be coughed up around the tube and expectorated or suctioned from the mouth. (passy-muir.com)
  • The Passy Muir ® Valve design improves swallowing and facilitates a stronger, more effective cough with oral expectoration of secretions. (passy-muir.com)
  • Chest physical therapy is normally done in conjunction with other treatments to rid the airways of secretions. (healthofchildren.com)
  • Chest physical therapy is one way to reduce the risks of an inefficient clearance of airway secretions. (healthofchildren.com)
  • It is based on the theory that when various areas of the chest and back are percussed, shock waves are transmitted through the chest wall, loosening the airway secretions. (healthofchildren.com)
  • If the child is positioned appropriately, the loosened secretions will then drain into the upper airways, where they can then be cleared using coughing and deep breathing techniques. (healthofchildren.com)
  • Coughing helps to break up secretions in the lungs so that the mucus can be expectorated or suctioned out if necessary. (healthofchildren.com)
  • Postural drainage uses the force of gravity to assist in effectively draining secretions from the smaller airways into the central airway where they can either be coughed up or suctioned out. (healthofchildren.com)
  • The authors cialis free trial canada used the labeled number of hospitalizations and outcomes with respect to open suctioning in actually removing secretions. (suagm.edu)
  • The simplest way of ensuring an open airway in an unconscious patient is to use a head tilt chin lift technique, thereby lifting the tongue from the back of the throat. (wikibooks.org)
  • In the case of an unconscious person who still possesses a gag reflex, the nasopharyngeal airway may be used to maintain an open airway. (wikibooks.org)
  • PSAA produces a suppressed level of consciousness that is adequate to allow the administration of painful or unpleasant diagnostic or therapeutic maneuvers in a way that minimizes patient awareness, discomfort, and memory, while attempting to preserve spontaneous respiration and airway-protective reflexes. (aafp.org)
  • Which of the following conditions may obtund the protective reflexes of the airway? (studystack.com)
  • Addition of nasal cannula underneath will allow CPAP with PEEP valve if needed. (emcrit.org)
  • You have trouble breathing even after you suction, clean, or change your trach tube. (drugs.com)
  • Suction your trach tube as directed. (drugs.com)
  • Your healthcare provider will tell you when you need to suction your trach tube. (drugs.com)
  • It may help to look at a mirror while you suction your trach tube. (drugs.com)
  • You may need someone else to help suction your trach tube. (drugs.com)
  • Safe-T-Tubes™ are easy to insert, suction and remove, and can be used with anaesthesia. (kapitex.com)
  • What is a Passy Muir® Valve? (passy-muir.com)
  • Why use a Passy Muir ® Valve? (passy-muir.com)
  • We offer several types of Passy-Muir Valve to enable the medical team to offer the best suitable solution for the individual. (kapitex.com)
  • It is normal to have some mucus in your airway, but mucus can build up and thicken. (lakelandhealth.org)
  • Chest physical therapy is a method of clearing the airway of excess mucus. (healthofchildren.com)
  • A strong cough may help move mucus, water, or irritants out of your airway. (drugs.com)
  • Saliva and mucus contain germs that cause infection if they enter your airway. (drugs.com)
  • Although CPAP (continuous positive airway pressure) is the most popular treatment for sleep apnea, there are other therapies available. (sleepassociation.org)
  • LifeVac is designed with a one way valve system, meaning that no air can be forced through the mask when it is depressed. (healthandcare.co.uk)
  • In larger departments with plenty of personnel, your first-in bag can be more streamlined, since you have plenty of hands available for toting equipment such as airway and pediatric bags. (sscor.com)
  • Manual and mechanical airway suctioning. (wikipedia.org)
  • Provides a brief review of the steps involved in using manual and mechanical suctioning units. (redcross.org)