A plant genus of the family VALERIANACEAE, order Dipsacales, subclass Asteridae, class Magnoliopsida. It is best known for the sedative use and valepotriate content of the roots. It is sometimes called Garden Heliotrope but is unrelated to true Heliotrope (HELIOTROPIUM).
Dried rhizome and roots of Piper methysticum, a shrub native to Oceania and known for its anti-anxiety and sedative properties. Heavy usage results in some adverse effects. It contains ALKALOIDS; LACTONES; kawain, methysticin, mucilage, STARCH, and yangonin. Kava is also the name of the pungent beverage prepared from the plant's roots.
The industry concerned with processing, preparing, preserving, distributing, and serving of foods and beverages.
Dextro form of levorphanol. It acts as a noncompetitive NMDA receptor antagonist, among other effects, and has been proposed as a neuroprotective agent. It is also a metabolite of DEXTROMETHORPHAN.
Disorders characterized by impairment of the ability to initiate or maintain sleep. This may occur as a primary disorder or in association with another medical or psychiatric condition.
Use of plants or herbs to treat diseases or to alleviate pain.
Brain waves seen on EEG characterized by a high amplitude and a frequency of 4 Hz and below. They are considered the "deep sleep waves" observed during sleep in dreamless states, infancy, and in some brain disorders.
A plant genus of the family CRASSULACEAE. Members contain rhodioloside. This roseroot is unrelated to the familiar rose (ROSA). Some species in this genus are called stonecrop which is also a common name for SEDUM.
A genus of gram-negative, facultatively anaerobic, straight rods which are motile by peritrichous flagella. Most strains produce a yellow pigment. This organism is isolated from plant surfaces, seeds, soil, and water, as well as from animals and human wounds, blood, and urine. (From Bergey's Manual of Determinative Bacteriology, 9th ed)
Materials or substances used in the composition of traditional medical remedies. The use of this term in MeSH was formerly restricted to historical articles or those concerned with traditional medicine, but it can also refer to homeopathic remedies. Nosodes are specific types of homeopathic remedies prepared from causal agents or disease products.
Concentrated pharmaceutical preparations of plants obtained by removing active constituents with a suitable solvent, which is evaporated away, and adjusting the residue to a prescribed standard.
A triazolobenzodiazepine compound with antianxiety and sedative-hypnotic actions, that is efficacious in the treatment of PANIC DISORDERS, with or without AGORAPHOBIA, and in generalized ANXIETY DISORDERS. (From AMA Drug Evaluations Annual, 1994, p238)
A plant genus in the CANNABACEAE family. Best known for the buds of Humulus lupulus L. used in BEER.
Realm in central Europe consisting of a confederation of German and Italian territories under the suzerainty of an emperor and existing from the 9th or 10th century to 1806.
The sole family in the order Sphenisciformes, comprised of 17 species of penguins in six genera. They are flightless seabirds of the Southern Hemisphere, highly adapted for marine life.
Works containing information articles on subjects in every field of knowledge, usually arranged in alphabetical order, or a similar work limited to a special field or subject. (From The ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983)
An island in the Gulf of St. Lawrence constituting a province of Canada in the eastern part of the country. It is very irregular in shape with many deep inlets. Its capital is Charlottetown. Discovered by the French in 1534 and originally named Ile Saint-Jean, it was renamed in 1799 in honor of Prince Edward, fourth son of George III and future father of Queen Victoria. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p981 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p433)
A historical and cultural entity dispersed across a wide geographical area under the political domination and influence of ancient Rome, bringing to the conquered people the Roman civilization and culture from 753 B.C. to the beginning of the imperial rule under Augustus in 27 B.C. The early city built on seven hills grew to conquer Sicily, Sardinia, Carthage, Gaul, Spain, Britain, Greece, Asia Minor, etc., and extended ultimately from Mesopotamia to the Atlantic. Roman medicine was almost entirely in Greek hands, but Rome, with its superior water system, remains a model of sanitation and hygiene. (From A. Castiglioni, A History of Medicine, 2d ed pp196-99; from F. H. Garrison, An Introduction to the History of Medicine, 4th ed, pp107-120)
Designations for persons whose names are not known or who wish to remain anonymous (anonyms) and for persons who wish to conceal or obscure their identity by assuming a fictitious name (pseudonyms).
The Valerian plant family of the order Dipsacales, subclass Asteridae, class Magnoliopsida that is characterized by 3-5-lobed tubular flowers, often spurred at the base and clustered in tight heads.
Celestial bodies orbiting around the sun or other stars.
Therapeutic practices which are not currently considered an integral part of conventional allopathic medical practice. They may lack biomedical explanations but as they become better researched some (PHYSICAL THERAPY MODALITIES; DIET; ACUPUNCTURE) become widely accepted whereas others (humors, radium therapy) quietly fade away, yet are important historical footnotes. Therapies are termed as Complementary when used in addition to conventional treatments and as Alternative when used instead of conventional treatment.
A readily reversible suspension of sensorimotor interaction with the environment, usually associated with recumbency and immobility.
A plant genus of the family FABACEAE that contains julibroside (triterpenoid saponins).
A plant genus of the family RHAMNACEAE. Members contain nummularogenin (a spirostane) and is the source of an edible fruit.
Root-like underground horizontal stem of plants that produces shoots above and roots below. Distinguished from true roots which don't have buds and nodes. Similar to true roots in being underground and thickened by storage deposits.
Derivatives of phosphatidic acids in which the phosphoric acid is bound in ester linkage to a choline moiety. Complete hydrolysis yields 1 mole of glycerol, phosphoric acid and choline and 2 moles of fatty acids.
A type of MONOTERPENES, derived from geraniol. They have the general form of cyclopentanopyran, but in some cases, one of the rings is broken as in the case of secoiridoid. They are different from the similarly named iridals (TRITERPENES).
The social process by which something or someone comes to be regarded and treated as an article of trade or commerce.
A totalitarian system of government in which a single authoritarian party controls state-owned means of production with the professed aim of establishing a classless society.
A political and economic system characterized by individual rights, by private or corporate ownership of capital goods, and by prices, production, and the distribution of goods that are determined mainly by competition in a free market. (From Merriam-Webster's Collegiate Dictionary, 10th ed)
A stratum of people with similar position and prestige; includes social stratification. Social class is measured by criteria such as education, occupation, and income.
A natural fuel formed by partial decomposition of vegetable matter under certain environmental conditions.
Congenital arteriovenous malformation involving the VEIN OF GALEN, a large deep vein at the base of the brain. The rush of arterial blood directly into the vein of Galen, without passing through the CAPILLARIES, can overwhelm the heart and lead to CONGESTIVE HEART FAILURE.
An oath, attributed to Hippocrates, that serves as an ethical guide for the medical profession.
The period of history before 500 of the common era.
Products in capsule, tablet or liquid form that provide dietary ingredients, and that are intended to be taken by mouth to increase the intake of nutrients. Dietary supplements can include macronutrients, such as proteins, carbohydrates, and fats; and/or MICRONUTRIENTS, such as VITAMINS; MINERALS; and PHYTOCHEMICALS.
Time period from 1601 through 1700 of the common era.
A plant species of the Salvia genus known as a spice and medicinal plant.
The storing of visual and usually sound signals on discs for later reproduction on a television screen or monitor.
Light brown pigmented macules associated with NEUROFIBROMATOSIS and Albright's syndrome (see FIBROUS DYSPLASIA, POLYOSTOTIC).
An autosomal dominant inherited disorder (with a high frequency of spontaneous mutations) that features developmental changes in the nervous system, muscles, bones, and skin, most notably in tissue derived from the embryonic NEURAL CREST. Multiple hyperpigmented skin lesions and subcutaneous tumors are the hallmark of this disease. Peripheral and central nervous system neoplasms occur frequently, especially OPTIC NERVE GLIOMA and NEUROFIBROSARCOMA. NF1 is caused by mutations which inactivate the NF1 gene (GENES, NEUROFIBROMATOSIS 1) on chromosome 17q. The incidence of learning disabilities is also elevated in this condition. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, pp1014-18) There is overlap of clinical features with NOONAN SYNDROME in a syndrome called neurofibromatosis-Noonan syndrome. Both the PTPN11 and NF1 gene products are involved in the SIGNAL TRANSDUCTION pathway of Ras (RAS PROTEINS).
The informal or formal organization of a group of people based on a network of personal relationships which is influenced by the size and composition, etc., of the group.
A form of ocular misalignment characterized by an excessive convergence of the visual axes, resulting in a "cross-eye" appearance. An example of this condition occurs when paralysis of the lateral rectus muscle causes an abnormal inward deviation of one eye on attempted gaze.
The immediate precursor in the biosynthesis of SEROTONIN from tryptophan. It is used as an antiepileptic and antidepressant.
The d-form of AMPHETAMINE. It is a central nervous system stimulant and a sympathomimetic. It has also been used in the treatment of narcolepsy and of attention deficit disorders and hyperactivity in children. Dextroamphetamine has multiple mechanisms of action including blocking uptake of adrenergics and dopamine, stimulating release of monamines, and inhibiting monoamine oxidase. It is also a drug of abuse and a psychotomimetic.
The action of a drug that may affect the activity, metabolism, or toxicity of another drug.
Analogs or derivatives of AMPHETAMINE. Many are sympathomimetics and central nervous system stimulators causing excitation, vasopressin, bronchodilation, and to varying degrees, anorexia, analepsis, nasal decongestion, and some smooth muscle relaxation.
A powerful central nervous system stimulant and sympathomimetic. Amphetamine has multiple mechanisms of action including blocking uptake of adrenergics and dopamine, stimulation of release of monamines, and inhibiting monoamine oxidase. Amphetamine is also a drug of abuse and a psychotomimetic. The l- and the d,l-forms are included here. The l-form has less central nervous system activity but stronger cardiovascular effects. The d-form is DEXTROAMPHETAMINE.
A loosely defined group of drugs that tend to increase behavioral alertness, agitation, or excitation. They work by a variety of mechanisms, but usually not by direct excitation of neurons. The many drugs that have such actions as side effects to their main therapeutic use are not included here.

The importance of pharmacological synergy in psychoactive herbal medicines. (1/38)

The therapeutic effects of many herbal medicines have been well established; however, definitive mechanisms of action remain to be elucidated for many psychoactive herbal medications. Although several mechanisms have been identified, they are often insufficient to account for the observed effects of the plant or its extracts. This review emphasizes that, in addition to searching for more potent mechanisms, one must consider the additive and supra-additive effects of a plant's multiple constituents. Synergy may occur through pharmacokinetic and/or pharmacodynamic interactions. Examples are given that illustrate synergistic actions in St. John's wort (Hypericum perforatum), kava kava (Piper methysticum), and valerian (Valeriana officinalis).  (+info)

Valerian. (2/38)

Valerian is a traditional herbal sleep remedy that has been studied with a variety of methodologic designs using multiple dosages and preparations. Research has focused on subjective evaluations of sleep patterns, particularly sleep latency, and study populations have primarily consisted of self-described poor sleepers. Valerian improves subjective experiences of sleep when taken nightly over one- to two-week periods, and it appears to be a safe sedative/hypnotic choice in patients with mild to moderate insomnia. The evidence for single-dose effect is contradictory. Valerian is also used in patients with mild anxiety, but the data supporting this indication are limited. Although the adverse effect profile and tolerability of this herb are excellent, long-term safety studies are lacking.  (+info)

Incorporation of isobutyrate and valerate into cellular plasmalogen by Bacteroides succinogenes. (3/38)

Wegner, G. H. (University of Wisconsin, Madison) and E. M. Foster. Incorporation of isobutyrate and valerate into cellular plasmalogen by Bacteroides succinogenes. J. Bacteriol. 85:53-61. 1963.-Bacteroides succinogenes was found to require both a branched-chain volatile fatty acid (e.g., isobutyric) and a straight-chain acid (e.g., valeric) for growth. The organism used the acids as precursors for the synthesis of long-chain fatty acids and fatty aldehydes, which in turn were employed in the synthesis of phospholipid, mainly ethanolamine plasmalogen. Isobutyric acid was incorporated primarily into branched-chain C(14) and C(16) acids (tentatively identified as 12-methyl tridecanoic and 14-methyl pentadecanoic acids, respectively), and into fatty aldehydes. Valeric acid was used mainly for the synthesis of n-C(13) and n-C(15) fatty acids and fatty aldehydes. Apparently the two short-chain fatty acids were built up by the addition of two-carbon units to form the long-chain acids and aldehydes of the plasmalogen.  (+info)

Effect of supplemental tryptophan, vitamin E, and a herbal product on responses by pigs to vibration. (4/38)

Economic losses related to increased stress during the transport of pigs are well documented. The effects of supplementing of tryptophan (Trp), vitamin E, or a herbal product via feed or drinking water were investigated in terms of effects on stress response in pigs during transport simulation. The study consisted of three analogous experiments. For the testing in each experiment, the pigs (23.5+/-3.2 kg) were allocated to one of two treatments, with and without supplementation of a product. The applied doses were Trp (5 g/L drinking water for 3 d), vitamin E (additional amount of 300 mg/kg feed for 21 d, as-fed basis), and Sedafit (2.5 g/L drinking water for 2 d). Sedafit is a commercial herbal product containing Valeriana officinalis L. and Passiflora incarnata L. as active components. In each experiment of the study, at least 47 pigs were involved, which were treated in groups of 3. The day before transport simulation, a Holter device was attached to the pigs to produce an electrocardiogram during the night (rest values), as well as during vibration in the transport simulator (1.2 Hz, 1 m/s2), where the behavior of the pigs (standing-sitting-lying) was also observed. Samples of saliva (taken before, during, and after [3x] vibration) and blood (taken before and after vibration) were analyzed for cortisol and intermediate metabolites (glucose, lactate, creatine kinase, and nonesterified fatty acids), respectively. Pigs supplemented with Trp tended to spend more time lying down during the second hour of vibration (P < 0.05). Vitamin E decreased the peak heart rate (P < 0.05), ventricular ectopic beats (P < 0.01), and ST elevation (P < 0.10). The supplementation of Sedafit resulted in smaller increases of the investigated heart variables (minimum heart rate, P < 0.05; ventricular ectopic beats, P < 0.05; ST elevation, P < 0.01) during and after stress evocation compared with the control group. None of the tested products influenced the intermediate metabolites; one possible explanation for this finding may be that peak values were reached before the time of bleeding. In conclusion, Trp had a positive behavioral effect in this experiment, and vitamin E and Sedafit mediated an increase in some heart variables, suggesting sedative and antianxiety effects.  (+info)

Multiple night-time doses of valerian (Valeriana officinalis) had minimal effects on CYP3A4 activity and no effect on CYP2D6 activity in healthy volunteers. (5/38)

Valerian (Valeriana officinalis) is a popular dietary supplement. The objective of this study was to assess the influence of a valerian extract on the activity of the drug-metabolizing enzymes cytochrome P450 2D6 (CYP2D6) and 3A4. Probe drugs dextromethorphan (30 mg; CYP2D6 activity) and alprazolam (2 mg; CYP3A4 activity) were administered orally to healthy volunteers (n = 12) at baseline and again after exposure to two 500-mg valerian tablets (1000 mg) nightly for 14 days. The valerian supplement contained a total valerenic acid content of 5.51 mg/tablet. Dextromethorphan to dextorphan metabolic ratios (DMRs) and alprazolam pharmacokinetics were determined at baseline and after valerian treatment. The DMR was 0.214 +/- 0.025 at baseline and 0.254 +/- 0.026 after valerian supplementation (p > 0.05). For alprazolam, the maximum concentration in plasma was significantly increased after treatment with valerian (25 +/- 7 ng/ml versus 31 +/- 8 ng/ml; p < 0.05). There were no significant differences in other pharmacokinetic parameters at baseline and after valerian exposure (all p values > or = 0.05; time to reach maximum concentration in plasma, 3.0 +/- 3.2 versus 3.1 +/- 2.1 h; area under the plasma concentration versus time curve, 471 +/- 183 versus 539 +/- 240 hx ng x ml(-1); half-life of elimination, 13.5 +/- 4.3 versus 12.2 +/- 5.6 h). Our results indicate that although a modest increase was observed in the alprazolam Cmax, typical doses of valerian are unlikely to produce clinically significant effects on the disposition of medications dependent on the CYP2D6 or CYP3A4 pathways of metabolism.  (+info)

In vitro activity of commercial valerian root extracts against human cytochrome P450 3A4. (6/38)

PURPOSE: Valerian root ( Valeriana officinalis L.) has been used since antiquity as a medicinal herb. Recent studies have found that certain herbal products used concomitantly with conventional therapeutic products can markedly affect drug disposition. METHODS: The in vitro effect of aliquots from 14 commercially available single-entity and blended products containing valerian root on cytochrome P450 CYP3A4-mediated metabolism and P-glycoprotein transport has been determined with aqueous, ethanol and acetonitrile extracts. RESULTS: Hydroxyvalerenic acid, acetoxyvalerenic acid and valerenic acid content was analyzed and wide variation was found between samples and compared to the concentrations noted on the product labels. Valerian extracts from the products tested also exhibited a marked capacity to inhibit cytochrome P450 3A4-mediated metabolism and P-glycoprotein transport based upon the ATPase assay. CONCLUSIONS: There is wide variation between commercially available samples of valerian root. The findings from this study suggest that valerian root may have an initial inhibitory effect when taken with therapeutic products. Further work is warranted to determine whether valerian root can affect other CYP450 isozymes and how the results of this in vitro investigation can be extrapolated to in vivo situations.  (+info)

In vivo effects of goldenseal, kava kava, black cohosh, and valerian on human cytochrome P450 1A2, 2D6, 2E1, and 3A4/5 phenotypes. (7/38)

OBJECTIVES: Phytochemical-mediated modulation of cytochrome P450 (CYP) activity may underlie many herb-drug interactions. Single-time point phenotypic metabolic ratios were used to determine whether long-term supplementation of goldenseal ( Hydrastis canadensis ), black cohosh ( Cimicifuga racemosa ), kava kava ( Piper methysticum ), or valerian ( Valeriana officinalis ) extracts affected CYP1A2, CYP2D6, CYP2E1, or CYP3A4/5 activity. METHODS: Twelve healthy volunteers (6 women) were randomly assigned to receive goldenseal, black cohosh, kava kava, or valerian for 28 days. For each subject, a 30-day washout period was interposed between each supplementation phase. Probe drug cocktails of midazolam and caffeine, followed 24 hours later by chlorzoxazone and debrisoquin (INN, debrisoquine), were administered before (baseline) and at the end of supplementation. Presupplementation and postsupplementation phenotypic trait measurements were determined for CYP3A4/5, CYP1A2, CYP2E1, and CYP2D6 by use of 1-hydroxymidazolam/midazolam serum ratios (1-hour sample), paraxanthine/caffeine serum ratios (6-hour sample), 6-hydroxychlorzoxazone/chlorzoxazone serum ratios (2-hour sample), and debrisoquin urinary recovery ratios (8-hour collection), respectively. The content of purported "active" phytochemicals was determined for each supplement. RESULTS: Comparisons of presupplementation and postsupplementation phenotypic ratio means revealed significant inhibition (approximately 40%) of CYP2D6 (difference, -0.228; 95% confidence interval [CI], -0.268 to -0.188) and CYP3A4/5 (difference, -1.501; 95% CI, -1.840 to -1.163) activity for goldenseal. Kava produced significant reductions (approximately 40%) in CYP2E1 only (difference, -0.192; 95% CI, -0.325 to -0.060). Black cohosh also exhibited statistically significant inhibition of CYP2D6 (difference, -0.046; 95% CI, -0.085 to -0.007), but the magnitude of the effect (approximately 7%) did not appear to be clinically relevant. No significant changes in phenotypic ratios were observed for valerian. CONCLUSIONS: Botanical supplements containing goldenseal strongly inhibited CYP2D6 and CYP3A4/5 activity in vivo, whereas kava inhibited CYP2E1 and black cohosh weakly inhibited CYP2D6. Accordingly, serious adverse interactions may result from the concomitant ingestion of goldenseal supplements and drugs that are CYP2D6 and CYP3A4/5 substrates. Kava kava and black cohosh may interact with CYP2E1 and CYP2D6 substrates, respectively. Valerian appears to be less likely to produce CYP-mediated herb-drug interactions.  (+info)

Exposure to airborne microorganisms, dust and endotoxin during processing of valerian roots on farms. (8/38)

The aim of this study was to determine the levels of microorganisms, dust and endotoxin in the air during various stages of valerian (Valeriana officinalis) roots processing by herb farmers and to examine the species composition of airborne microflora. Air samples were collected on glass fibre filters by use of personal samplers on 15 farms owned by valerian cultivating farmers, located in Lublin province (eastern Poland). The concentrations of total viable microorganisms (bacteria + fungi) in the air showed a marked variability and were within a range of 0.95-7,966.6 x 10(3) cfu/m (3). Though median was relatively low (10.75 x 10(3) cfu/m (3)), on 4 farms the concentrations exceeded the level of 10(5) cfu/m (3) and on 1 farm the level of 10(6) cfu/m (3). During the processing of valerian roots, distinct changes could be observed in the composition of airborne microflora. In the first stages of processing, the freshly dug and washed roots until shaking in the drying room, the most numerous were Gram-negative bacteria of the family Pseudomonadaceae (mostly Stenotrophomonas maltophilia, Pseudomonas chlororaphis and Pseudomonas fluorescens). After drying, the dominant organisms were thermo-resistant endospore-forming bacilli (Bacillus spp.) and fungi, among which prevailed Aspergillus fumigatus. Altogether, 29 species or genera of bacteria and 19 species or genera of fungi were identified in the farm air during valerian processing, of these, 10 and 12 species or genera respectively were reported as having allergenic and/or immunotoxic properties. The concentrations of airborne dust and endotoxin on the examined farms were very large and ranged from 10.0-776.7 mg/m (3), and from 0.15-24,448.2 microg/m (3), respectively (medians 198.3 mg/m (3) and 40.48 microg/m (3)). In conclusion, farmers cultivating valerian could be exposed during processing of valerian roots to large concentrations of airborne microorganisms, dust and endotoxin posing a risk of work-related respiratory disease.  (+info)

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Find Valeriana officinalis (Valerian) online at Jekkas. Family: Caprfoliaceae. Genus: Valeriana. Hardy herbaceous perennial. Ht. up to 1.2m, spread 90cm. Small, sweetly scented, white flowers tinged with pink. Mid green leaves, deeply divided and toothed.
Valerian extract tablets - Valerian Root Extract 4:1 125mg - Promote Relaxation with Valerian Root Supplement (1 bottle 100 capsules) by Sport Supplement at Sonoran Herbalist. MPN: -. Hurry! Limited time offer. Offer valid only while supplies last. Valerian root capsules - Valerian Root Extract 4:1 125mg - reduce stress levels and enhance mood, beneficial for muscle spasms, headaches, stress, nervous restlessness, and stress-related digestive problems and improve sleep. (Each bottle 100 capsules) Valeria
Historical evidence for the use of valerian root (Valeriana officinalis), also called setwell, as a sleep aid and anxiolytic goes as far back as ancient Greece and Rome. Currently valerian root is marketed as a sedative in the US and recommended for anxiety and other nervous system disorders in Europe and South America. Dried valerian root is commonly used in teas or tinctures and standardized extracts are often made into pills or capsules. Standardized preparations are often easier for people to take as valerian root has a strong odor that many people find unpleasant.. Valerian root extract appears to affect the nervous system by increasing gamma aminobutyric acid (GABA) availability. It improves release of GABA from nerve endings in the brain and then inhibits GABA from reuptake into neurons; valerian root extract also inhibits enzymes that destroy GABA. Clinical trials of people with nonorganic insomnia show that valerian root extract increases amplitudes in theta waves and moderately ...
The main objective of this study is to evaluate the clinical efficacy of the drug Sominex (Valeriana officinalis L., 40 mg, 30 mg Crataegus oxyacantha L. and Passiflora incarnata L. 50 mg) manufactured by the Laboratory EMS S / A, compared to placebo in improving sleep efficiency, based on the response of the sleep quality questionnaire (MSQ) and polysomnographic parameters described below:. ...
Find evidence based information for Valerian (Valeriana Officinalis or Tagar) including its benefits, dosage, side effects & uses in insomnia, depression & anxiety.
Discover Lifes page about the biology, natural history, ecology, identification and distribution of Valeriana officinalis, Valerian, plant image
Valerian root is primarily used to help people fall asleep and stay asleep. Other less known indications include muscle and uterine cramping, digestive spasm, and nervous headache. It has a long history of use in Western and Chinese medicine, and was cited for medicinal use by Hippocrates, the father of medicine (ca 460-377 BC.) Valerian root was included in the United States Pharmacopeia from 1820 through 1930, at which time almost all botanical medicines were removed pending clinical trials. Valerian root and valerian root extract are both officially in the current United States Pharmacopeia and National Formulary as there has been significant clinical evidence supporting its use for insomnia and anxiety. This herb is also included in several European national pharmacopoeias including Germany, a world leader in botanical medical research. Valerian is on the FDAs Generally Recognized as Safe (GRAS) list, and allergic reactions are rare.. Valerian root contains more than 150 chemical ...
Two new guaiane-type sesquiterpenoids, valerol A (1) and kessyl 3-acetate (2), together with nine known compounds, valeracetate (3), anismol A (4), orientalol C (5), spatulenol (6), 4 alpha, 10 alpha-epoxyaromadendrane (7), (+)-8-hydroxypinoresinol (8), pinorespiol (9), pinoresinol 4-O-beta-D-glucopyranoside (10), and 8-hydroxypinoresinol 4-O-beta-D-glucopyranoside (11) were isolated from the roots of Valeriana officinalis. The structures and relative configurations of 1 and 2 were elucidated on the basis of spectroscopic methods (1D- and 2D-NMR, MS, UV, and IR). These compounds were evaluated for inhibitory activity on acetylcholinesterase (AChE) and enhancing activity on nerve growth factor (NGF)-mediated neurite outgrowth in PC12 cells ...
The world has understood the importance of the Valerian Root and the need of Valerian Root has been increased. From the last decade, people are started to return back to nature and understand the value of natural plants and herbs in their life. People are looking for best and all natural Valerian Root for their bodys health.. To meet the requirement of the worlds need of herbs, HerbsPk has jumped in the market to fulfill the need of the people all over the world. HerbsPk has all kinds of Valerian Root for your use. We know what is best for health. We deal in all kinds of herbs and in all shape and quantity.. We have Herbs Like; Licorice, Dried Morels, Alkanet Root, valerian Root, Gum Karaya, Shilajit, Pine Kenrels, Dried Roses, Ambergries, Soap Nuts, Dired Red Chili, Red Watermelon Seeds, JuniperBerries and much more in the herbs.. ...
Jacobo-Herrera, N. J., Vartiainen, N., Bremner, P., Gibbons, S., Koistinaho, J. and Heinrich, M. (2006) NF-kappa B modulators from Valeriana officinalis. Physiotherapy Research, 20 (10), pp. 917-919 ...
Valerian (Valeriana officinalis) is a wonderful herbal sleep inducer and tranquilizer - exceptional for helping people fall asleep faster and sleep more soundly. Before over-the-counter medications were available, valerian was used by herbalists to ease pain. The valpotriates in valerian act as muscle relaxants, making it useful for painful spasms and menstrual cramps. But researchers have discovered a number of other factors responsible for valerians relaxing, sedative and analgesic effect: valeric acid, volatile oils, choline, flavonoids, sterols, and alkaloids. Valerian root has been used for centuries to calm upset nerves, treat mood problems, pain and headache. In medieval times, valerian was so popular it became known as all-heal. It is currently one of the most popular orthodox antispasmodic medications in Russia and Germany.
Valerian Root has long been used to promote deep and restful sleep in those with occasional sleeplessness.* This Valerian Root Liquid Extract is made from Valerian grown on Gaias own Certified Organic farm. By restoring a sense of calm and relaxation, Valerian Root supports the body in falling asleep naturally.* In a glycerin base, Alcohol Free Valerian Root tastes great ...
Save 42% Natures Way - Valerian Root 180 Capsules Valerian Root Premium Herbal 530 mg Non-GMO Valerian (Valeriana officinalis) is guaranteed to contain 0.1% valerenic acid to promote relaxation and restful sleep.* Our Valerian is carefully tested and produced to superior quality standards. Vegetarian. Vegetarian Capsules.
Valerian is derived from the Latin meaning powerful. It has been used as a relaxing remedy since Roman times, and was given the name phu to reflect its smell. However, in the East, it was used as a perfume. It was known as allheal in the middle ages.. It is best known as a sedative and was apparently used during World War II to calm civilians during air raids.. Valerian in the form of this gentle aromatic water can be used to spray a fine mist in an area to calm an animal, it has also been used very successfully to spray on clothing of a person about to deal with frightened & nervous animals - particularly in rescue kennels & catteries.. Cats seem to really love the valerian spray and will often eat the root itself.. ...
Best Botanicals Valerian Root Extract 1 oz. 50% pure grain alcohol base.UPC: 084783100768. Origin(s): Bulgaria, Croatia, India, Poland, United States. Latin Name(s): Valeriana officinalis, Valeriana wallichii. Also known as: Garden heliotrope, garden valerian. Plant Part(s) Used: Root. Ingredients: Valerian Root. Other
1R,3R,5R,7S,8S,9S)-3,8-epoxy-1-O-ethyl-5-hydroxyvalechlorine, (1S,3R,5R,7S,8S,9S)-3,8-epoxy-1-O-ethyl-5-hydroxyvalechlorine, (1S,3R,5R,7S,8S,9S)-3,8-epoxy-1,5-dihydroxyvalechlorine, 2S(-)-hesperidin, (5S,6S,8S,9R)-1,3-isovaleroxy-?4,11-1,3-diol, (5S,6S,8S,9R)-3-isovaleroxy-6-isovaleroyloxy-?4, -1,3-diol, (5S,6S,8S,9R)-6-isovaleroyloxy-?4, -1,3-diol, (5S,7S,8S,9S)-7-hydroxy-8-isovaleroyloxy-?4, -dihyronepetalactone, (5S,7S,8S,9S)-7-hydroxy-10-isovaleroyloxy-?4, -dihyronepetalactone, (5S,8S,9S)-10-isovaleroyloxy-?4, -dihyronepetalactone, 6-methylapigenin, 6-O-acyl-beta-D-glucosyl-clionasterols, 14-methylpentadecanoyl, actinidine, all-heal, amantilla, Balderbrackenwurzel (German), Baldisedron , Baldrian (German), Baldrian-Dispert, Baldrianwurzel (German), baldrinal, baldrion, Belgian valerian, blessed herb, capons tail, chlorogenic acid, chlorovaltrates A-O, clionasterol-3-O-beta-D-glucopyranoside, common valerian, English valerian, Euvegal forte, flavonoids, fragrant valerian, garden heliotrope, ...
1R,3R,5R,7S,8S,9S)-3,8-epoxy-1-O-ethyl-5-hydroxyvalechlorine, (1S,3R,5R,7S,8S,9S)-3,8-epoxy-1-O-ethyl-5-hydroxyvalechlorine, (1S,3R,5R,7S,8S,9S)-3,8-epoxy-1,5-dihydroxyvalechlorine, 2S(-)-hesperidin, (5S,6S,8S,9R)-1,3-isovaleroxy-?4,11-1,3-diol, (5S,6S,8S,9R)-3-isovaleroxy-6-isovaleroyloxy-?4, -1,3-diol, (5S,6S,8S,9R)-6-isovaleroyloxy-?4, -1,3-diol, (5S,7S,8S,9S)-7-hydroxy-8-isovaleroyloxy-?4, -dihyronepetalactone, (5S,7S,8S,9S)-7-hydroxy-10-isovaleroyloxy-?4, -dihyronepetalactone, (5S,8S,9S)-10-isovaleroyloxy-?4, -dihyronepetalactone, 6-methylapigenin, 6-O-acyl-beta-D-glucosyl-clionasterols, 14-methylpentadecanoyl, actinidine, all-heal, amantilla, Balderbrackenwurzel (German), Baldisedron , Baldrian (German), Baldrian-Dispert, Baldrianwurzel (German), baldrinal, baldrion, Belgian valerian, blessed herb, capons tail, chlorogenic acid, chlorovaltrates A-O, clionasterol-3-O-beta-D-glucopyranoside, common valerian, English valerian, Euvegal forte, flavonoids, fragrant valerian, garden heliotrope, ...
MEET THE NEXT GENERATION OF VALERIAN ROOT: Toniiq Valerian Root capsules contain 325mg of the highest quality valerian root extract in each pill- ethically sourced from family-owned farms, grown and cultivated using an extraction process to ensure a 4:1 extract ratio (or the equivalent of 1,300mg of raw valerian root p
Synonyms for Fragrant Valerian in Free Thesaurus. Antonyms for Fragrant Valerian. 6 words related to valerian: flower, genus Valeriana, Valeriana, common valerian, garden heliotrope, Valeriana officinalis. What are synonyms for Fragrant Valerian?
Save 25% Piping Rock - Valerian Root Liquid Extract 2 Fluid Ounces Valerian Root Liquid Extract Alcohol & Sugar Free Valeriana Officinalis Purity & Potency Guarantee Vegetarian Formula Non-GMO Piping Rock® alcohol-free extracts are produced using alcohol, water and natural extractants. All alcohol and extractants are then removed through a proprietary cold extraction process, yielding a standardized extract. Processed in our cGMP facility.
Mild anxieties, nervousness, and restlessness are common in the general population and are commonly treated by complementary and alternative medical (CAM) therapies. A prospective, nonrandomized, noninterventional, observational study, using conventional or CAM practices, was conducted in 49 German practices. Each practice could include up to 15 subjects treated with either the homeopathic preparation Neurexan|sup|®|/sup| or with combination formulations based on valerian extracts. There was no placebo group. Choice and doses of study therapies were at the respective physicians discretion. The planned treatment duration was 2 weeks. A total of 826 subjects were included in the study and 777 (553 Neurexan and 224 valerian) subjects were available for the final examination. Subjects receiving Neurexan tended to weigh less, to have fewer concomitant illnesses and slightly milder severity of nervousness/restlessness, and were likelier to be female than the subjects receiving valerian therapies. The
Standardized - Full Potency Valerian Root Extract Vegicaps (Valeriana officinalis) HERBAL SUPPLEMENT Suggested Use: As a herbal dietary supplement for adults, one (1) to three (3) Vegicaps daily, preferably at mealtime, or as directed by a healthcare practitioner. Serving Size 1 Vegicaps Amount Per Vegicaps Ingredients: Raw Valerian Powder (root) 300 mg Standardized Valerian Extract (root) (valerenic acid 1 mg [0.8%]) 150 mg Total Carbohydrate less than 1 g (less than 1%) To assure freshness and potency, store at room temperature 15-30C (59-86F). Store away from heat, light and moisture. Other Ingredients: Vegetable Cellulose, Microcrystalline Cellulose, Vegetable Magnesium Stearate, Vegetable Glycerin, PhytO2X Blend (Natural Vitamin E [mixed tocopherols], Natural Beta Carotene and Other Carotenoids, Rosemary Extract [aerial], Vitamin Product Notes: If you are pregnant, nursing, taking any medication or have a medical condition, please consult your healthcare practitioner before
is a perennial flowering plant, with heads of sweetly scented pink or white flowers that bloom in the summer. Valerian flower extracts were used as a perfume in the 16th century. Native to Europe and parts of Asia, valerian has been introduced into North America. The flowers are frequently visited by many fly species, especially hoverflies of the genus Eristalis. It is consumed as food by the larvae of some Lepidoptera (butterfly and moth) species including the Grey Pug.. Rough extract of valerian root is sold as a dietary supplement in the form of capsules. Valerian root may have sedative and anxiolytic effects and has been used as a medicinal herb since at least the time of ancient Greece and Rome. Hippocrates described its properties, and Galen later prescribed it as a remedy for insomnia. In medieval Sweden, it was sometimes placed in the wedding clothes of the groom to ward off the envy of the elves. In the 16th century, the Anabaptist reformer Pilgram Marpeck prescribed valerian tea for ...
Valerian, also commonly known as valerian root, is native to Europe and parts of Asia. Its grown in the US as well. The herb is a perennial flowering plant adorned with sweetly scented pink or white blooms. Valerian normally blooms during the summer months.. The name of the plant derives from the Latin word valere, meaning strong and healthy. The Greeks and Romans appreciated valerian for its medicinal properties, using it as a sleep aid and as an early remedy for epilepsy.. Valerian root contains oils and other active components that produce a soothing, restorative effect on the bodys nervous and muscular systems. The plant also contains calcium, manganese and quercitin.. ...
Valerian, Alcohol-Free Valeriana officinalis Promotes relaxation and restful sleep.* Herb Pharm prepares their Valerian Glycerite from the rhizome and root of Valeriana officinalis plants. The rhizome & roots are harvested in both autumn and spring. All of Herb Pharms Glycerites are made using 100% non-palm glycer
Family: Valerian (Valerianaceae). Hardy to Zones 4 to 8.. Herbaceous perennial native to Europe and temperate Asia. Traditional usage (TWM): sedative. This is the standard European wild form of the plant. Valerian prefers full sun to part shade and moist but well-drained soils. I have seen excellent clumps form, during a wet spring, on the peak of a pile of ground pumice. However, regular garden soil amended with organic compost will do nicely. The plant adapts rather well to a wide range of conditions. Seed is short-lived and should be sown within a year of receipt. Light dependent germinator. Sow in spring, tamped securely into surface, and keep evenly moist until germination, which occurs in 10 to 16 days. Seedling leaves look very un-valerian at first and some folks are confused. But have faith, in time the leaves will become divided and much more closely resemble the standard form of the plant. Space plants 1 to 2 feet apart. Flowers white in the second year to a height of 5 feet or ...
Family: Valerian (Valerianaceae). Hardy to Zones 4 to 8.. Herbaceous perennial native to Europe and temperate Asia. Traditional usage (TWM): sedative. This cultivar selected for high concentration of valeric and valerenic constituents. Valerian prefers full sun to part shade and moist but well-drained soils. I have seen excellent clumps form, during a wet spring, on the peak of a pile of ground pumice. However, regular garden soil amended with organic compost will do nicely. The plant adapts rather well to a wide range of conditions. Seed is short-lived and should be sown within a year of receipt. Light dependent germinator. Sow in spring, tamped securely into surface, and keep evenly moist until germination, which occurs in 10 to 16 days. Seedling leaves look very un-valerian at first and some folks are confused. But have faith, in time the leaves will become divided and much more closely resemble the standard form of the plant. Space plants 1 to 2 feet apart. Flowers white in the second year ...
Valerian Oil: Valerian is an herbaceous perennial plant with pink or white flowers. This herb has been highly esteemed since medieval times.
Valerian (Valeriana officinalis) has been used as one of the primary sedating and calming herbal remedies since at least the sixth century. Its use has been established as a non-addictive sleep aid throughout the European Union. A portion of its activity is associated with the compound valerenic acid. However, valerenic acid only accounts for approximately 25% of the activity of the total extract, meaning that up to 75% of the activity of valerian is unknown. On the quality side, valerian is part of an aggregate that encompasses numerous species and chemotypes. There are a number of other species outside the aggregate that must be differentiated from the acceptable aggregate species. There are some concerns regarding the potential of both positive and negative interactions between valerian and conventional medications, predominantly sedatives. Both of these issues are addressed in the AHP monograph.. ...
Dec 29, 2018 - Explore Pelajio Dsouzas board Valerian essential oil on Pinterest. See more ideas about valerian essential oil, valerian, valerian root.
Of course, you could experience side effects from taking valerian root. First of all, you need to ensure it wont interfere with other medications and supplements you may be taking.. The Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics journal published a study in 2005 that concluded that valerian had no measurable herb-drug interaction, but its best to talk to your doctor.. Some people may have trouble digesting and breaking down this natural remedy, which could cause stomachaches and prevent people from falling asleep.. Consuming valerian for insomnia may obviously cause drowsiness, so it shouldnt be taken before driving or other activity that requires your full attention.. Phytomedicine published a study in 2006 in which valerian was reported as being safe with no side effects. In this study, valerian seemed to positively impact sperm quality. If you are having trouble sleeping AND conceiving, it may be worth your while to contact a naturopath to discuss what valerian could do for you.. ...
Valerian roots are dried at suitable temperatures which reduct to a proper level the moisture and allow at the same time a good retention of the active substances contained in them.. The drug is known to contain a volatile oil where can be mostly found valerenic acid, valerenale and valeranone, valepotriates, lignans and alkaloids in small quantities. The distinctive and unpleasant odor of the drug after drying is caused by isovaleric acid, from which derives the esterification diidrovaltrato, one of the most important valepotriates ...
Valerian roots are dried at suitable temperatures which reduct to a proper level the moisture and allow at the same time a good retention of the active substances contained in them.. The drug is known to contain a volatile oil where can be mostly found valerenic acid, valerenale and valeranone, valepotriates, lignans and alkaloids in small quantities. The distinctive and unpleasant odor of the drug after drying is caused by isovaleric acid, from which derives the esterification diidrovaltrato, one of the most important valepotriates ...
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Product Description: Tired of counting sheep and two hours later realizing they did little to nothing for you? We dont blame you. For the occasional times when shut eye isnt happening, and sheep number 150 flew by, Healthy Antidotes Valerian Root may be a helpful aide. Valerian Root works with your body to promote relaxation and help with occasional sleeplessness.. Valerian Root Tablet Price = 1 bottle of 60 for $ ...
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Dear Reader,. Valerian is an herb that has actually been used as a mild tranquilizer and sleep aid for over 1,000 years, mainly in Europe. Its derived from the dried rhizome (root-like portion) and roots of the Valeriana officinalis plant, a tall perennial herb that has a distinct aroma that some people may find unpleasant. Some studies conducted indicate that valerian may help those suffering from insomnia or other sleep disorders; however, because of small sample sizes and varying amounts of valerian being used, these findings are not conclusive. Although numerous studies of the herb have been conducted, what causes valerians exact calming mechanism remains unknown. Some scientists believe that valerian increases the amount of gamma aminobutyric acid (GABA - a chemical that can have a calming effect) in the brain.. In order to prepare the dietary supplement, the rhizome (underground stem), the stolons, and roots are carefully dried. The dried materials are then used in teas, tinctures, ...
Copyright © 1998-2020 Penn Herb Company, Ltd. All Rights Reserved.. The information on this website is not intended as a substitute for the medical recommendations of a physician. Rather, it is intended for educational and informational purposes only. Please see a qualified healthcare professional if you have questions regarding your health. The statements on this website have not been evaluated by the Food and Drug Administration. The products are not intended to diagnose, treat, cure, or prevent any disease. This web site contains links to web sites operated by other parties. Such links are provided for your convenience and reference only. We are not responsible for the contents of any linked site or any link contained in a linked site. We reserve the right to cancel any order at any time.. ...
The Valerian plant has been quite known in the annals of traditional Chinese and ayurvedic Indian medicine for centuries.. This tea is commonly used to induce sleep and relaxation on its drinkers. It is known to be a potent tranquilizing and calmative agent.. Valerian is a plant native to northern Europe and central Asia. It has pin-like leaves and pink flower heads, and grows up to four feet tall.. The most important part of the Valerian plant is its roots. The Valerian root is used in herbal healing. Valerian root is usually dried at temperatures below 105 degrees F (40 degrees C) for its medicinally active compounds to form.. Valerian Tea has a rather curious taste of sweet, spicy and bitter combo. Aside from the taste, another main complaint about Valerian Tea is its rather unpleasant and awful smell.. Some of this herbs health benefits are summarized as follows:. ...
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Scientists are constantly detecting the benefits that can be based on herbs as well. Youll find various kinds of vegetation although not all of it can be used for medical intent. Some of the plants that people understand of have been useful for curing just about majority of the disorders and of course the demand for compounds additionally functions in as well. Plants such as the Valerian are somehow distinct in temperament as the Valerian roots could be used for curing health problems. For more information please visit here AptekaStore. Even the Valerian origins can be used as a treatment for psychological issues like sleeplessness, anxiety, and also anxiety, which are normal issues for the normal specific. These psychological wellness issues can be also part of the reason the individual progress is additionally elicited and further afield a person in their work productivity and societal circles. Even the Valerian root extracts are being sold on line on shops like the aptekastore.com.. The ...
Valerian is the usual modern form of a particular Roman cognomen, notably borne by Publius Licinius Valerianus, a Roman emperor. It may also refer to: A character in Valérian and Laureline, a comics series Valerian and the City of a Thousand Planets, a film adaptation of the comic series Early pseudonym for Gary Numan, a musician A race in the Star Trek universe, see Dramatis Personae (Star Trek: Deep Space Nine) Valerian (herb), a medicinal plant, Valeriana officinalis Other plants in the genus Valeriana Centranthus, a genus containing plants closely related to Valeriana Valerian (name), persons with the given name Giuseppe Valeriano, Italian painter and architect Valeriano Lunense, a place near Five Lands, Italy Valerius Valérien (disambiguation) Valeria (disambiguation) Valerianus (disambiguation) Valyrian languages, in the fiction of George R. R. ...
Amazing Sleep Plus contains Gaba, Melatonin, Valerian Root Extract, Magnolia Bark Extract and 5 HTP. These powerful ingredients replenish your body at the cellular level to help relieve stress, allowing you to relax and sleep more soundly.
Aqua (Purified Water), Disodium Cocoamphodiacetate (from Coconut Oil), Disodium Laureth Sulfosuccinate (from Coconut Oil), Coco-Glucoside (from Coconut Oil & Fruit Sugar), Polysorbate 20 (from Coconut Oil & Fruit Sugar), Anthemis Nobilis (Camomile) Flower Oil, Pelargonium Graveolens (Geranium) Flower Oil, Cymbopogon Martinii (Palmarosa) Oil, Myroxylon Pereirae (Peru Balsam) Oil, Citrus Aurantium Bergamia (Bergamot) Fruit Oil, Dalbergia Sissoo (Indian Rosewood) Oil, Hyacinthus Orientalis (Hyacinth) Flower Extract, Valeriana Officinalis (Valerian) Root Oil, Citrus Aurantium Amara (Neroli) Flower Oil, Lactic Acid (from Beet Sugar), Gluconolactone (from Corn), Sodium Benzoate, Geraniol*, Benzyl Benzoate*, Benzyl Cinnamate*, Citronellol*, Limonene*, Linalool ...
Caprylic/capric glycerides, Citrus reticulata (Tangerine) peel oil, Lavandula angustifolia† (Lavender) oil, Santalum paniculatum† (Royal Hawaiian sandalwood) wood oil, Chamomilla recutita† (German chamomile) flower oil, Boswellia carterii† (Frankincense) oil, Valeriana officinalis† (Valerian) root oil, Cananga odorata† (Ylang ylang) flower oil, Picea mariana† (Black spruce) leaf oil, Pelargonium graveolens† (Geranium) flower oil, Artemisia pallens† (Davana) flower oil, Citrus aurantium dulcis† (Orange) peel oil, Angelica archangelica† root oil, Ruta graveolens† (Rue) oil, Helichrysum italicum† flower oil, Hyssopus officinalis† leaf oil, Salvia lavandulaefolia† (Spanish sage) leaf oil, Citrus hystrix† leaf extract, Pogostemon cablin† (Patchouli) oil, Coriandrum sativum† (Coriander) seed oil, Tanacetum annuum† (Blue tansy) oil, Citrus aurantium bergamia† (Bergamot) peel oil (Furocoumarin free), Rosa damascena† (Rose) flower oil, Citrus limon† (Lemon) ...
Natures Way Valerian Premium Extract: Find the most comprehensive real-world treatment information on Natures Way Valerian Premium Extract at PatientsLikeMe. 1 patients with fibromyalgia, multiple sclerosis, major depressive disorder, generalized anxiety disorder, diabetes type 2, post-traumatic stress disorder, systemic lupus erythematosus, bipolar disorder, Parkinsons disease, panic disorder, rheumatoid arthritis, high blood pressure (hypertension), myalgic encephalomyelitis/chronic fatigue syndrome, persistent depressive disorder (dysthymia), amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, epilepsy, migraine, hypothyroidism, osteoarthritis, traumatic brain injury, attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder, bipolar II disorder, asthma, social anxiety disorder, high cholesterol (hypercholesterolemia), irritable bowel syndrome, idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis, gastroesophageal reflux disease, bipolar I disorder or psoriasis currently take Natures Way Valerian Premium Extract.
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KUTSCHKER, Adriana. Fruit morphology in Valeriana species (Valerianaceae) from the southern Andes. Darwiniana [online]. 2008, vol.46, n.1, pp. 17-35. ISSN 0011-6793.. Achenes of the thirty seven Valeriana species from the southern Andes were described, illustrated and compared by scanning electron microscopy and stereomicroscopy. It is shown that the detailed analysis of the achenes provides excellent taxonomic characters (e.g. fruit shape, sterile locules development, fruit-coat surface) to distinguish among the southern Argentina and Chile taxa. Results are contrasted with the systematics of this genus. Four informal groups are established, and a key to the South-Andean species of Valeriana is provided, based on achene morphology.. Palavras-chave : Achene; South America; Systematics; Valeriana; Valerianaceae. ...
Mega Sale! Save 24% on the Wendals Herbs Valerian Free Calmer (2.2lbs) (May Vary) by Wendals Herbs at Shea Animal Hospital. MPN: UTBZ1561_1. Hurry! Limited time offer. Offer valid only while supplies last. This long established variation of the Wendals Calmer formula is a proven solution to calming horses but without the inclusion of Valerian which is prohibited by some competing organisations. We recommend this formula for use in competition.This long established variation of the Wendals Calmer formula is
The Valerian Crop Jogger combines Stretch Jersey with quality detailing for a refined look and relaxed feel. Offering a voluminous cropped leg with contrast panel inserts, the Valerian Crop Jogger is a pull-on, no-hassle pant that can be dressed up or down. The waist features a wide elastic waistband with rope tassel d
T.R. Rankins four-novel heroic fantasy series will appear on all major e-book platforms plus POD print, it has been announced:. Double Dragon eBooks, the flagship banner of Double Dragon Publishing, has announced the publication of The Valerian Chronicles, a four-novel heroic fantasy series by T.R. Rankin. The series, which had been available only on Kindle Books, will now be available on all major eBook platforms, including Fictionwise, Barnes and Noble, Amazon, Sony, Kobo, MobiPocket, Apple and more. Print versions will be available on a POD basis.. The Valerian Chronicles trace the saga of a mans search for redemption and his struggle to regain an Empire usurped by the power-mad regicide, Fantar. Set in a mythical time around the shores of a Mediterranean-like Inland Sea, the Chronicles are shaped from human clay. The charactersâ€Valerius, Thorngere, Vahla, Koltar, Grumwald, Eomer, Chad and the restâ€all struggle with their own personal demons. Behind the scenes, gods and other ...
1: Valerian Root:. Leathwood PD, Chauffard F. Aqueous extract of valerian reduces latency to fall asleep in man. Planta Med. 1985;(2):144-8.. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/4034730. Balderer G, Borbély AA. Effect of valerian on human sleep. Psychopharmacology (Berl). 1985;87(4):406-9.. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/3936097. Bent S, Padula A, Moore D, Patterson M, Mehling W. Valerian for sleep: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Am J Med. 2006;119(12):1005-12.. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17145239. 2: Passion Flower:. 0Li H, Zhou P, Yang Q, Shen Y, et al. Comparative studies on anxiolytic activities and flavonoid compositions of Passiflora edulis edulis and Passiflora edulis flavicarpa. J Ethnopharmacol. 2011 Feb 16;133(3): 1085-90.. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21111038. Akhondzadeh, Shahin, H. R. Naghavi, M. Vazirian, A. Shayeganpour, H. Rashidi, and M. Khani. Passionflower in the treatment of generalized anxiety: a pilot double‐blind randomized controlled ...
A native of the Europe and temperate Asia it is drought and frost hardy once established.. A perennial plant that re-seeds, though not aggressively, this plant was in use medicinally in ancient Greece and Rome and became popular again in the 16th century when many usages were recorded.. The stem is branching, bristly, hollow and often reddish; the leaves are opposite, pinnate with 6 - 11 pairs and terminal leaflet, leaflets toothed, margins entire; the flowers form an umbellate compound cyme of lavender to white. This plant readily grows from seed and re-seeds unless dead-headed.. Offered is a packet of 150 seeds complete with propagation notes.. ...
Tricardin is a combination herbal medicine containing valerian rhizomes with roots, motherwort herb and hawthorn leaves. The preparation has a sedative effect and can be used to treat hyperirritability and sleep and anxiety disorders.
Question - Have sleep disturbance due to fibromyalgia and arthritis. Tried melatotin, valerian. Further?. Ask a Doctor about diagnosis, treatment and medication for Glaucoma, Ask an Internal Medicine Specialist
Nepeta Cataria, commonly known as catnip, is a member of the mint family. Its feline-pleasing effects are probably attributable to nepetalactone, a volatile oil found in the catnip plant that mimics feline pheromones. These pheromones trigger a response in the hypothalamus and amygdala, brain structures that play a critical role in the regulation of emotions and responses to stimuli and mediate appetite and sexual and predatory behaviours. The result is excitement, euphoria, predatory playfulness, and/or sexual behaviour, depending on the cat.. Because catnip is a member of the mint family, some cats are also attracted to mint plants. Catnip and fresh mint leaves arent harmful to cats, though certain essential oils, including peppermint oil, are toxic to them.. Valerian, another cat-attractant and intoxicant, has a stimulating effect due to a substance called actinidine, which induces similar reactions to nepetalactone. Cats get excited and sometimes even a little aggressive under its ...
Complex Serenity / Anti stress.By associating the hawthorn, hop, the passiflora, orange blossom, and the valerian, this complex will enable you to find calms and serenity.Box of 120 capsules
Lingonberry and valerian are quite a peculiar couple, just like many couples who coexist and enjoy each other despite their differences. The package includes a milk foam bath as an introduction to the next spa treatment. Body treatment includes a full-body massage using black currant and cacao balm. The plants have everything you need to be healthy and stay healthy!. ...
Global and Regional Valerian Glycol Market Research Report 2017 is a market research report available at US $3500 for a Single User PDF License from RnR Market Research Reports Library.
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valerian answers are found in the Tabers Medical Dictionary powered by Unbound Medicine. Available for iPhone, iPad, Android, and Web.
Valerian Valiko Gunia (Georgian: ვალერიან [ვალიკო] გუნია; 21 January 1862 - 31 July 1938) was a Georgian dramatist, actor, director, critic, and translator. His contribution to the Georgian scene won him the title of Peoples Artist in 1934. Born in the village of Eki, Kutais Governorate, Russian Empire, in what is now the Senaki Municipality of a family of untitled Mingrelian nobility, Gunia attended the realschule in Tiflis until being expelled for participation in student protests in 1881. He then studied at the Petrovsko-Razumovsky Agricultural Academy in Moscow. In 1882 he joined the Georgian Dramatical Troupe in Tiflis. As an actor, he played leading roles in major European plays. He also trained many talented actors, and organized seasonal and travelling companies. He was a strong proponent of realistic theatre and his plays found notable place in the repertory of the Georgian theatre. He also translated several plays by the Russian and Western ...
Download Valerian: The New Future Trilogy Torrent for free, Full Movie And Tv Shows Streaming Link Also Available to Watch Online
Dane DeHaan and Cara Delevingne play off well against each other as Valerian and Laureline respectively. Their chemistry is convincing enough as they bicker and fight, all the while trying to finish their mission. Clive Owen is slightly wasted as their superior while Ethan Hawke attempts to be flamboyant as a pimp here, but doesnt quite hit the mark though. Rihanna tries to be serious as a shapeshifting performer, but her poor acting skills are still quite obvious. In fact, Id say Besson hired her so that she can pull off this flashy shape changing performance on screen in the second act, which was a waste of time in my opinion. ...
Valerian and the City of a Thousand Planets (2017) HDDirector:Luc Besson.Writer:Luc Besson.Producer:Luc Besson, Virginie Besson-Silla.Release:July 20, 2017Country:Canada, France, China, Belgium, Germany, United Arab Emirates, United States of America, United Kingdom.Production Company:River Road Entertainment, TF1
Struck 255-256, Samosata mint. Obverse: Radiate, draped, cuirassed bust of Gallienus to right. Reverse: Valerian and Gallienus standing, sacrificing at altar.
McKechnie, Paul, (2002), Roman Law and the Laws of the Medes and Persians: Decius and Valerians Persecutions of Christianity, In Thinking like a lawyer :...
Valerian Platonovich Langer Posters at AllPosters.com. Choose from over 500,000 Posters and Art Prints. Value Framing, Fast Delivery, 100% Satisfaction Guarantee.
Sorry Valerie (oops, I mean Valerian), but anti-gay drek wont land you a spot in the Opera Lyra in Ottawa, Canada. Instead, Ruminski has been let go due to a backlash over some pretty horrendous comments he made to a man wearing jeweled fingernails.
Valerian lyrics - Never meant you no harm Never meant you no harm, yeah, yeah Never spun you no yarn Never spun you no yarn, yeah, yeah And shell go, yeah, where he...
Valerian and the City of a Thousand Planets (2017) HDDirector:Luc Besson.Writer:Luc Besson.Producer:Luc Besson, Virginie Besson-Silla.Release:July 20, 2017Country:Belgium, Canada, China, France, Germany, United Arab Emirates, United Kingdom, United States of America.
Lambs lettuce in the UK, valeriana in Italy, corn salad in the USA and mache in France. A favourite of those from cold climates where it was the first green salad vegetable to emerge from the melting snow. A delightful salad green that will only do well if grown when cold, but has great cold resistance. Direct seed in rows early spring and autumn and thin to 10cm. A smaller variety is also available. 5g about 5,500 seeds. ...
Organically grown and/or wildcrafted Black Cohosh root, Blue Cohosh root, Scullcap herb, Lobelia herb/ seed pod, Wild Yam root, Valerian root, Hops flowers, Passionflower leaf and flower, Chamomile flower, Wood Betony herb in a base of certified organic pharmaceutical grade alcohol. Herb strength ratio - 1:1. Steeped for at least 2 weeks and up to 2 months with vibrational remedies added. Learn more ...
Turmeric is used to relieve heartburn and arthritis as well as to reduce inflammations. It is not very clear how turmeric works to reduce inflammation, but is believed this is because of a chemical called curcumin present in it. Do not believe all of the hype or incredible benefits of other common ingredients. One that comes to mind are FG Xpress Power Strips which has been proven to not be near as effective as all the information presented has been led to believe.. Curcumin has some anti-inflammatory properties. Turmeric is safe; however, consuming high doses can result in indigestion.. Along with these, there are some other natural remedies that are commonly use, such as Kava Kava which helps alleviate neuropathic aches and tension headache, ginseng for treating Fibromyalgia, St Johns Wong for treating arthritis, neuropathic ache and sciatica and valerian root for muscle cramps and spasms.. A side of herbal remedies the hmong were aware of the benefits of minerals and vitamins, which is ...
Turmeric is used to relieve heartburn and arthritis as well as to reduce inflammations. It is not very clear how turmeric works to reduce inflammation, but is believed this is because of a chemical called curcumin present in it. Do not believe all of the hype or incredible benefits of other common ingredients. One that comes to mind are FG Xpress Power Strips which has been proven to not be near as effective as all the information presented has been led to believe.. Curcumin has some anti-inflammatory properties. Turmeric is safe; however, consuming high doses can result in indigestion.. Along with these, there are some other natural remedies that are commonly use, such as Kava Kava which helps alleviate neuropathic aches and tension headache, ginseng for treating Fibromyalgia, St Johns Wong for treating arthritis, neuropathic ache and sciatica and valerian root for muscle cramps and spasms.. A side of herbal remedies the hmong were aware of the benefits of minerals and vitamins, which is ...
U.S. Insomnia Market by Non-Pharmacological Therapy (CBTI, Hypnotherapy), Prescription Sleep Aids (Benzodiazepines, Non-Benzodiazepines (Zaleplon), Orexin Antagonist) & OTC Treatment (Antihistamine, Melatonin, Valerian Root)) - Forecasts to 2021 is a market research report available at US $5650 for a Single User PDF License from RnR Market Research Reports Library.
Research proves that lemon balm and valerian root curb hypersensitivity and boost concentration and focus for ADHD kids. Isnt it time we stop drugging our kids? ...
All organically grown, ethically harvested, hung to dry NOT dehydrated to maintain maximum potency, colour and aroma. We also have limited amounts of dried fruits available for tea blending. Sage, Garden (green and red), Prairie & Buffalo Sage Sweetgrass, Braids. Catnip (catmint) Chamomile Comfrey EXTERNAL USE ONLY Goji Berries, dried. Seabuckthorn Berries. dried Arnica EXTERNAL USE ONLY. All Heal Fenugreek Seed. Ginko Leaf Gotu Kola Damiana Leaf Skullcap. Red Rose Buds & petals Juniper Berries. Life Everlasting Flowers Ashwagandha Root Southernwood Camphor Southernwood Lemongrass Lavender Safflower Petals Hyssop. Hawthorn Berries Passion Flower. Yerba Matte Boneset. Golden Rod St Johns Wort Elder Flowers Ladys Mantle Devils Claw Root Meadowsweet Valerian Root and Leaf Wormwood (Absinth) Peppermint Spearmint Leaf. Red Roobios Tea Chinese Green Tea. Ginger Root (pieces and slices) Licorice Root, sliced, pieces. Chickweed Echinacea. Lemon Verbana Milk Thistle. Queen of the Meadow Stevia ...
everyday roots book, is it ok to take valerian root everyday, everyday roots ebook free download, everyday roots ebook, everyday roots by claire goodall, everyday roots, everyday roots book pdf, everyday roots book amazon, everyday roots book review, everyday roots book free, everyday roots constipation, everyday roots cough remedies, everyday roots scar butter
but i think the tired feeling is norepinephrine and maybe a stress chemical, maybe like corisol, that strains the body, making it tired, when there stopped, it could rejuvenate back to normal....just a thought, propranolol blocks directly norepinephrine and epinephrine. Ive taken metabolsim enhancers that were herbal, wierd plant stimulants.... they made me so irrtible and tired at the same time, im not a fan of herbal medicines, hardly work and have wierd reactions. I think we are similar. Hydroxyzine gave me very altered states the next day after I took my effexor and lamictal. Not so much now on parnate. Things like valerian root, yerba mate, ginseng, and sarcosine have always made me feel screwy. I find Lamictal often gives me this feeling depending on what else Im taking.. I never take the hydroxyzine and trazodone at the same time.. I am juggling notions of NE action in me. Other people say it boosts their moods but both effexor and parnate and desipramine have always made my zoney, ...
COMPLEX BLEND OF QUALITY INGREDIENTS - Vitamin C, Vitamin B-1, Vitamin B-2, Vitamin B-3, Vitamin B-5, Vitamin B-6 , Vitamin B-7 (Biotin), Vitamin B-12, Folic Acid, pantothenic acid, calcium, magnesium, choline bitartrate, inositol, PABA (para-aminobenzoic acid), hops flower powder, chamomile flower powder, valerian root powder, passion flower (herb & flower). ARE YOU FEELING OVERWHELMED?… Read More » ...
COMPLEX BLEND OF QUALITY INGREDIENTS - Vitamin C, Vitamin B-1, Vitamin B-2, Vitamin B-3, Vitamin B-5, Vitamin B-6 , Vitamin B-7 (Biotin), Vitamin B-12, Folic Acid, pantothenic acid, calcium, magnesium, choline bitartrate, inositol, PABA (para-aminobenzoic acid), hops flower powder, chamomile flower powder, valerian root powder, passion flower (herb & flower). ARE YOU FEELING OVERWHELMED?… Read More » ...
momile, clover and marshmallow evenly.The crushed plants to boil in a warm mush wrapped in a cloth and apply to the sore spot.For a better cleansing the body from allergens recommended prescription herbal tincture for oral administration: Take equal parts, 1 tbsp.spoon, licorice root, fennel fruit, buckthorn bark, burdock root, dandelion root, and 0.5 liters of water, to insist on the water bath for 30 minutes, drain.Take half a cup half an hour before a meal.Infusion store in the refrigerator, warming it in front of the reception.. Treatment of atopic dermatitis folk remedies are not recommended, since in most cases, a medical emergency.Only in the acute stage of extinction is possible with careful individual approach.For example, such a prescription herbal infusion with neurodermatitis.Nettle leaves, 10g, 10g, Oregano grass, grass-15 series, violet herb-10g, chamomile flowers 10, thyme herb-10, horsetail grass, 10 g, valerian root, 15g, licorice root, 10g.Raw kipyatkom- pour 300ml, insist on a ...
I decided I needed to check in since some of you were worried about me. This has been my life for way longer than I thought it would be. Medication, inhaler, bed rest, the remote control, magazines, vicks vapor rub, Valerian root, water and lots of sonic ice. The coughing continues to beat me down. I cough all through the night too, so sleep is minimal at best. Poor Mark has to listen to it. Hes a better sleeper than I am though. Ive actually coughed a rib out of place. Sometimes I think my head will explode. I am doing a little better, but still have a difficult time catching my breath after Ive walked upstairs or done anything remotely physical. It takes a lot out of me, then I go into a long coughing spree. My friend Carol said that everything around me would make me crazy and shes right. I hate that I havent been able to clean my house. Every bit of filth makes me nuts, but I physically cant do it yet. Kyle is staying home from work tomorrow to help clean around here. Im so happy ...
Whats a decoction, you ask? Simply put, its an infusion (like I wrote about previously), but made with either roots, seeds, or bark. An infusion is made with leaves or flowers (or valerian root, because its just an oddball). You slice the root (dry or fresh) and add it to a pot of water. Set it to boil, then reduce to a simmer for 20 minutes. Cool for 20 minutes, strain, then drink. It should be good fro up to 48 hrs or so, but remember to stick it in the fridge. ...
What worked (bottom line up front):. Enviro: Diatomaceous Earth, 70% Isopropyl Alcohol, Lysol Complete Clean, bagless vacuum cleaner. Laundry: Lysol Complete Clean, jumbo sealable plastic bags,. Body: 70% Isopropyl Alcohol, Sulfur soap and foam bath, tick repellent, Vicks Vapo Rub. Internal: Sulfur caps, Itraconazole, Doxycycline, Valerian Root. Scalp: White vinegar. ----------------------------. I am a 50 year old female German resident.. The horror started in July 2009 with a birds nest on top of the flat roof of my office building. After the birds fled the nest, the mites started getting in through the windows, crawling up my legs and biting my thighs. In 2010, an entomologist at the University in Dusseldorf diagnosed me with a blood-sucking mite.. The bird nest was removed by pest control operators. They treated all offices treated four times with Pyrethrum, but found nothing in the traps or on the tapes they had laid down. After they finished spraying, they stated that any living organism ...
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Valerian. Malankarasabhamathavinte Oru Veerasanthanam, 138. "Pidyari". 21 November 2017. "Social Involvement of Syro-Malabar ...
"Valerian". National Center for Complementary and Integrative Health. Archived from the original on 2015-04-05. Retrieved 2011- ...
Wolf, Yuri; Krupovic, Mart; Zhang, Yong Zhen; Maes, Piet; Dolja, Valerian; Koonin, Eugene V.; Kuhn, Jens H. "Megataxonomy of ...
Valerian; Koonin, Eugene V.; Kuhn, Jens H. "Megataxonomy of negative-sense RNA viruses" (docx). International Committee on ...
He broke with tradition by appointing not a Jesuit but a Goan, Fr Valerian Gracias, as its first secular rector. This was part ... Darton, Longman and Todd.. Additional sources Balaguer, M.M.; Fernander, Angelo; Gracias, Valerian; Archbishop Thomas D. ... p 81 Hurn pp 47-48 Hurn p 49 Valerian Cardinal Gracias (6 March 1976). "Archbishop T. D. Roberts, S.J.". The Examiner. Hurn p ...
"VALERIAN'S DOUBLE". Paperspast.natlib.govt.nz. 1937-07-20. Retrieved 2011-11-11. "PLANS FOR MID-DAY SUN". Paperspast.natlib. ...
"Valerian Kuibishev". anapacity.com. Retrieved 3 April 2020. "Antonio Landi". conlapelleappesaaunchiodo.blogspot.com. Retrieved ...
In the final he met Valerian Sokolov from the Soviet Union but suffered a TKO defeat when the referee stopped the fight in the ... "Valerian Sokolov". Olympics at Sports-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. Archived from the original on 9 December 2019. ...
Valerian retired. On November 17, 1984, Bishop Nathaniel became the ruling hierarch of the Romanian Orthodox Episcopate of ... He soon left the Catholic Eastern Rite and, under the guidance of Archbishop Valerian Trifa of the Romanian Orthodox Episcopate ... Nathaniel was consecrated Bishop of Dearborn Heights, as an auxiliary bishop to Archbishop Valerian Trifa. He served as Bishop ...
Capetown rescued the 20 survivors of the Arabis-class sloop-of-war HMS Valerian after Valerian foundered in the Atlantic Ocean ... "The Valerian". The Times (44411). London. 25 October 1926. col E, p. 17. "HMS Capetown". Naval-History.net. Retrieved 26 ...
in Chinese) Wolf, Yuri; Krupovic, Mart; Zhang, Yong Zhen; Maes, Piet; Dolja, Valerian; Koonin, Eugene V.; Kuhn, Jens H. " ...
"The Valerian". The Times (44411). London. 25 October 1926. col E, p. 17. "Casualty reports". The Times (44412). London. 26 ... "The loss of H.M.S. Valerian". The Times (44412). London. 26 October 1926. col G, p. 16. "Casualty reports". The Times (44410). ...
1 Spot For $105M+ Global Opening; 'Valerian' $23.5M Start - Int'l Box Office". Deadline Hollywood. Archived from the original ... 1 Spot' In China, Valerian' Grosses $51.7M First Week". Deadline Hollywood. Archived from the original on 2 September 2017. ... Kelley, Seth (19 July 2017). "Box Office: 'Dunkirk' Battles 'Girls Trip,' While 'Valerian' Looks to Sputter". Variety. Archived ... Kelley, Seth (23 July 2017). "Box Office: 'Dunkirk' Conquers Weekend With $50.5 Million, 'Valerian' Flops". Variety. Archived ...
Wolf, Yuri; Krupovic, Mart; Zhang, Yong Zhen; Maes, Piet; Dolja, Valerian; Koonin, Eugene V.; Kuhn, Jens H. "Megataxonomy of ... Wolf, Yuri I.; Kazlauskas, Darius; Iranzo, Jaime; Lucía-Sanz, Adriana; Kuhn, Jens H.; Krupovic, Mart; Dolja, Valerian V.; ...
Valerian Godinho to cater to the educational needs of the Catholics and the non-Catholics of the industrial area. The school is ... Valerian Godinho. The institution has 2700 students on roll. The school is administered by the Roman Catholic Diocese of Mumbai ...
Wolf, Yuri; Krupovic, Mart; Zhang, Yong Zhen; Maes, Piet; Dolja, Valerian; Koonin, Eugene V.; Kuhn, Jens H., "Megataxonomy of ... Valerian V.; Koonin, Eugene V. (21 December 2018). "Origins and Evolution of the Global RNA Virome". mBio. 9 (6). doi:10.1128/ ...
Sflomos, George; Dormoy, Valerian; Metsalu, Tauno; Jeitziner, Rachel; Battista, Laura; Scabia, Valentina; Raffoul, Wassim; ...
Estimated loss: Greatest Film Flops (Filmsite) Valerian and the City of a Thousand Planets Total worldwide gross and net ... Valerian' Bombs". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved July 24, 2017. Estimated loss: Biggest Money Losers (The Numbers) ... production budget (lower-bound): "Valerian and the City of a Thousand Planets (2017)". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved March 30, ...
"ICTV Report Ophioviridae". Wolf, Yuri; Krupovic, Mart; Zhang, Yong Zhen; Maes, Piet; Dolja, Valerian; Koonin, Eugene V.; Kuhn, ...
Valerian Albanov. In the Land of White Death. Appendix; A. Konrad's notes. Carrington-Smith, Denise (5-19 December 2005), " ... Russian sailor Alexander Konrad, who accompanied explorer Valerian Albanov in a tragic ordeal over the Arctic ice in 1912, ...
Krasauskas, Rapolas (1975). "Protasewicz, Valerian". In Sužiedėlis, Simas (ed.). Encyclopedia Lituanica. IV. Boston, ...
Ileana Dragutan; Valerian Dragutan; Petru Filip (2005). "Recent developments in design and synthesis of well-defined ruthenium ...
"Star Names - Their Lore and Meaning: Capricornus". Wolf, Yuri; Krupovic, Mart; Zhang, Yong Zhen; Maes, Piet; Dolja, Valerian; ...
Sflomos, George; Dormoy, Valerian; Metsalu, Tauno; Jeitziner, Rachel; Battista, Laura; Scabia, Valentina; Raffoul, Wassim; ...
doi:10.1111/hcre.12020 Lewis, Robin J.; Derlega, Valerian J.; Clarke, Eva G.; Kuang, Jenny C.; Jacobs, Andrew M.; McElligott, ...
Dobrovinskaya, Elena R.; Lytvynov, Leonid A.; Pishchik, Valerian (2009). Properties of Sapphire. Micro- and Opto-Electronic ... ISBN 978-0-471-49059-3. Elena R. Dobrovinskaya; Leonid A. Lytvynov; Valerian Pishchik (2009). Sapphire: Materials, ...
ISBN 5-89572-009-9. Silogava, Valerian (2002). "Ацкурская епархия [Atsquri diocese]". Православная энциклопедия, Т. IV [ ...
Valerian L. Kiggundu; et al. (17 December 2013). "High Prevalence of Malaria Parasitemia and Anemia among Hospitalized Children ...
Krasinski, Valerian (1838). Historical Sketch of the Rise, Progress, and Decline of the Reformation in Poland: and of the ...
Kwok, L. Stephen; Kuznetsov, Valerian A.; Ho, Arthur; Coroneo, Minas T. (2003-04-01). "Prevention of the Adverse Photic Effects ...
Valerian (name), persons with the given name Valerian (emperor), Roman emperor from 253 to 260 Valerian (herb), a medicinal ... Valerian may refer to: a character in Valérian and Laureline, a comics series Valerian and the City of a Thousand Planets, a ... Martin This disambiguation page lists articles associated with the title Valerian. If an internal link led you here, you may ... a genus containing plants closely related to Valeriana All pages with titles containing Valerian Valeria (disambiguation) ...
Valerian Ivanovich Abakovsky (Russian: Валериа́н Ива́нович Абако́вский, Latvian: Valerians Abakovskis) (5 October 1895 - 24 ...
Valerian for dogs and cats from Dorwest Herbs is a calming liquid that works in 30 minutes. ... I bought some Organic Valerian Compound to use when he travels and also some Scullcap & Valerian Tablets. I have given him the ... So thank you the Scullcap and Valerian Tablets for a couple of weeks before and the Organic Valerian Compound helped on the ... Weve been using the Scullcap and Valerian tabs but the benefit of the Valerian drops are much more noticeable. He stops ...
Valerian (/vəˈlɪəriən/; Latin: Publius Licinius Valerianus Augustus;[1] 193/195/200 - 260 or 264), also known as Valerian the ... Valerian headed south but was too late: Gallus was killed by his own troops, who joined Aemilianus before Valerian arrived. The ... See also: Anti-Christian policies in the Roman Empire § Valerian. While fighting the Persians, Valerian sent two letters to the ... The truce was betrayed by Shapur, who seized Valerian and held him prisoner for the remainder of his life. Valerians capture ...
The name valerian is popularly used for plants of the ... valerian. valerian, common name for some members of the ... The red valerian, or Jupiters-beard ( Centranthus ruber ), and the African valerian ( Fedia cornucopiae ) are among other ... The name valerian is popularly used for plants of the genus Valeriana and also for other related plants that are cultivated in ... The common valerian ( V. officinalis ) is sometimes grown under the name garden heliotrope, although it is unrelated to the ...
... and is best known for common valerian (V. officinalis), occasionally as tall as 1.5 metres (5 feet). The species is native to ... Other articles where Common valerian is discussed: Valerianoideae: … ... and is best known for common valerian (V. officinalis), occasionally as tall as 1.5 metres (5 feet). The species is native to ... ": { "url": "/plant/common-valerian", "shareUrl": "https://www.britannica.com/plant/common-valerian", "title": "Common valerian ...
Valerian is one of the best gentle and harmless herbal sleeping remedies, it enhances the natural body process of slipping into ... How to take valerian. To help bring on sleep, reduce nervousness and anxiety, valerian may be taken in the following doses an ... Valerian. Valerian is one of the best gentle and harmless herbal sleeping remedies, it enhances the natural body process of ... Possible Interactions- If you are currently being treated with any of the following medications, you should not use valerian ...
Many people throughout the world use valerian to treat insomnia and anxiety. However, its important to use this herb with ... What are the risks of taking valerian? For thousands of years, the herb valerian has been used as a sedative in Europe and Asia ... How much valerian should you take?. There is no standard dose of valerian. For insomnia, many studies have used between 400 ... What are the risks of taking valerian?. * Side effects. Valerian usually causes no side effects. However, it will likely cause ...
Valerian) summary, chapter-by-chapter analysis, book notes, essays, quotes, character descriptions, lesson plans, and more - ... everything you need for studying or teaching On False Earths (Valerian). ... On False Earths (Valerian) Summary. Pierre Christin. Everything you need to understand or teach On False Earths (Valerian) by ... On False Earths (Valerian) Overview. On False Earths (Valerian), by Jean-Claude Mézières and Pierre Christinis, is one in a ...
A money holder for carrying functional coin money, such as quarters or silver and gold dollars. In particular, the money holder includes a key ring portion for engaging numerous keys, wherein the key
VALERIAN and the City of a Thousand Planets is the new film from Luc Besson, the director of The Professional, The Fifth ... Valerian has its European premiere tonight and we are going to be doing a Facebook live from the red carpet. Join us from 6pm ... Valerian premieres in Londons Leicester Square tonight. Join us from 6pm on Facebook as we go live from the red carpet. In ... VALERIAN and the City of a Thousand Planets is the new film from Luc Besson, the director of The Professional, The Fifth ...
UEFA.com is the official site of UEFA, the Union of European Football Associations, and the governing body of football in Europe. UEFA works to promote, protect and develop European football across its 55 member associations and organises some of the worlds most famous football competitions, including the UEFA Champions League, UEFA Womens Champions League, the UEFA Europa League, UEFA EURO and many more. The site features the latest European football news, goals, an extensive archive of video and stats, as well as insights into how the organisation works, including information on financial fair play, how UEFA supports grassroots football and the UEFA HatTrick funding scheme.
Valerian and Laureline is a long-running French comic, usually serialized sort of like the comics in 2000 AD or Heavy Metal, ... When Valerian and the City of a Thousand Planets hits theaters in 2017, expect more than a few familiar sights. The artist from ... So come 2017, dont be surprised if Valerian looks like a weird pastiche of Star Wars and The Fifth Element. It was published ... But it wont be Valerians fault. We already know that George Lucas built the Star Wars world as an Akira Kurosawa movie in ...
... valerian root, xanax, anxiety, alprazolam, valerian - Answer: Valerian root while it is an herbal ... ... alprazolam ↔ valerian. Applies to: Xanax (alprazolam), Valerian Root (valerian). Using ALPRAZolam together with valerian may ... Home › Q & A › Questions › Mixing valerian root with.... Mixing valerian root with xanax?. Asked. 23 Apr 2013 by sporkonafork. ... valerian root, xanax, anxiety, alprazolam, valerian, anxiety and stress, herbal supplementation. Details:. hello ive been ...
The Plants Database includes the following 16 species of Valeriana . Click below on a thumbnail map or name for species profiles ...
View current promotions and reviews of Valerian Root Dietary Supplements and get free shipping at $35. ...
Valeriana occidentalis (Western Valerian) is a species of perennial herb in the family Caprifoliaceae. It has a self-supporting ... Western Valerian has simple, broad leaves and white flowers. It is a photoautotroph. ... Known occurrences, collected specimens and observations of western valerian. View this species on GBIF ...
Buy Valerian toys, collectibles and fun stuff at Entertainment Earth. Mint Condition Guaranteed. FREE SHIPPING on eligible ... Valerian Mega Valerian Statue with Collector Magazine #1. Item #: DCL69840. The definitive Valerian and the City of a Thousand ... Valerian Movie Valerian Figure with Collector Magazine #1. Item #: DC98360. The definitive Valerian and the City of a Thousand ... Valerian Series 1 K-Tron 7-Inch Action Figure. Item #: NC45353. Valerian is an epic sci-fi saga directed by Luc Besson, ...
... The Bolshevik Party in Conflict: the Left Communist Opposition of 1918 - Ronald I. Kowalski. Submitted ...
Natures Way, Valerian Nighttime, Natural Sleep Aid, Odor Free, 100 Tablets. 61 ...
valerian_cafe replied to Bezalels topic in Unattended Windows 2000/XP/2003 ...
... , or Valeriana, L. a genus of plants, comprehending 22 species; 4 being indigenous, and of Which the following are the ... most remarkable: 1. The locusta, or Lettuce Valerian. See Corn... ... Valerian. Valerian, or Valeriana, L. a genus of plants, ... 1. The locusta, or Lettuce Valerian. See Corn Salad.. 2. The officinalis, or Great Wild Valerian, is perennial; grows in hedges ...
... has been used in alternative medicine as a possibly effective aid in treating sleep problems (insomnia). Other uses ... Valerian is a flowering plant, the root of which is dried and used as an herbal remedy. ... What is valerian?. Valerian is a flowering plant, the root of which is dried and used as an herbal remedy. ... Before using valerian, talk to your healthcare provider. You may not be able to use valerian if you have certain medical ...
Valerian for Sleep. Valerian root has been used as a sedative and anti-anxiety treatment for more than 2,000 years. ... Some people have stomach upset, headache, or morning grogginess with valerian. Taking valerian with sleeping medications or ... Valerian is considered safe to take for four to six weeks.. Kava for Sleep. The Kava plant is a member of the pepper family, ... Valerian becomes more effective over time, so its best to take it every night for a short period of time. ...
581 medications are known to interact with Valerian Root. Includes 5-HTP (5-hydroxytryptophan), Adderall (amphetamine/ ... Valerian Root (valerian) alcohol/food Interactions. There is 1 alcohol/food interaction with Valerian Root (valerian) ... A total of 581 drugs (4157 brand and generic names) are known to interact with Valerian Root (valerian). ... Check for interactions with Valerian Root (valerian). Type in a drug name and select a drug from the list. ...
Valerian (Valeriana officinalis L. s. lat., Valerianaceae) is a perennial that grows up to five feet (1.5 m) tall. Valerian has ... At least two other species of valerian, V. jatamansi Jones (Indian valerian) and V. edulis Nutt. ex Torr. & Gray subsp. procera ... Valerian will produce larger roots if fertilized with a standard NPK mix. Side dress with compost in the second year. Valerian ... Valerian grows on a wide range of soils, but moist, rich loam with pH 6.0 to 7.0 is best. It is listed as being hardy to zone 4 ...
Valerian who is named in the Roman Martyrology on September 15th. He is said to have escaped from prison at the same time as ... Valerian Gifts by Catholic Online Shopping. St. Peter Sterling Silver Oval Medal. @ $36.97 ...
Valerian is sold as a dietary supplement, usually as an extract or tea, for calmness and to improve sleep quality. It has a ... Benzodiazepines: Valerian may have synergistic effects (45) (46).. Haloperidol: Valerian may have an additive effect, causing ... In vitro, valerian exhibits antioxidant (1), cytoprotective (2), and neuroprotective (3) effects. In animal models, valerian ... Valerian also failed to improve sleep in a study of cancer patients (16). Other studies suggest that valerian can improve sleep ...
Valerian: The Illustrated Treasury. Valerian: The Illustrated Treasury Sweepstakes! Sweepstakes Fri Aug 18, 2017 11:30am ... We want to send you a copy of Pierre Christins Valerian: The Illustrated Treasury, available now from Titan Books! ...
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  • The name valerian is popularly used for plants of the genus Valeriana and also for other related plants that are cultivated in flower gardens or borders for the numerous small and fragrant blossoms. (infoplease.com)
  • Valeriana occidentalis (Western Valerian) is a species of perennial herb in the family Caprifoliaceae . (eol.org)
  • Valerian is derived from the plant Valeriana officinalis , which is found in North America, Europe, and Asia. (poison.org)
  • Valerian ( Valeriana officinalis L. s. lat. (gov.mb.ca)
  • A review on the interaction potential of preparations from valerian root ( Valeriana officinalis L. root) was therefore conducted. (hindawi.com)
  • However, they state that warnings that valerian ( Valeriana officinalis ) may stimulate CYP 3A4. (hindawi.com)
  • Valerian, or Valeriana officinalis, is a perennial herb native to Asia and Europe. (ehow.co.uk)
  • The common valerian, Valeriana officinalis, Linne (N.O. Valerianeoe), is an herbaceous plant widely diffused over Europe and Northern Asia. (chestofbooks.com)
  • Valerian (Valeriana officinalis, Valerianaceae) is a hardy perennial flowering plant, with heads of sweetly scented pink or white flowers which bloom in the summer months. (babynamewizard.com)
  • Valerian ( Valeriana officinalis ), a member of the Valerianaceae family, is a perennial plant native to Europe and Asia and naturalized in North America [ 1 ]. (nih.gov)
  • The larvae live in the seedheads of common valerian ( Valeriana officinalis ), feeding on the developing seeds and flowers. (ukmoths.org.uk)
  • On False Earths (Valerian), by Jean-Claude Mézières and Pierre Christinis, is one in a series of graphic novels about the travels of two Spacio-Temporal agents, Valerian and Laureline. (bookrags.com)
  • The main themes are the ethical question about clones, the heroic roles of Valerian and Laureline, and Jadna's motivations. (bookrags.com)
  • The movie stars Cara Delevingne and Dane DeHaan as Valerian and Laureline, a team of special operatives charged with maintaining order throughout the human territories. (thesun.co.uk)
  • There is a mystery at the centre of Alpha, a dark force which threatens the peaceful existence of the City of a Thousand Planets, and Valerian and Laureline must race to identify the marauding menace and safeguard not just Alpha, but the future of the universe. (thesun.co.uk)
  • Valerian and Laureline is a long-running French comic, usually serialized sort of like the comics in 2000 AD or Heavy Metal, with installments coming month-by-month before being collected into 21 trade paperbacks. (popularmechanics.com)
  • It's the story of Valerian, a hot-headed pilot working as a sort of time cop, and Laureline, a timid time-traveling peasant from medieval times thrust into the 28th century, where she learns to fight as a newly minted temporal agent. (popularmechanics.com)
  • Valerian Laureline Pop! (entertainmentearth.com)
  • Special operatives Valerian and Laureline must race to identify the marauding menace and safeguard not just Alpha, but the future of the universe. (imdb.com)
  • Peace is granted by a human force, including Major Valerian (Dane DeHaan) and his partner Sergeant Laureline (Cara Delevingne). (imdb.com)
  • They head to a forbidden area that is infected, but Valerian and Laureline follow them and disclose a hidden secret about the race and the infected area. (imdb.com)
  • Valerian and Laureline, two agents from the Spatio-Temporal Agency, are leaving the planet they know as Technorog when Laureline experiences a strange trance-like state. (bookrags.com)
  • Soon, Valerian and Laureline are caught up in the drama as the natives of Alflolol seek to reclaim their home and the current residents fight to keep the changes they have wrought. (bookrags.com)
  • By the time Laureline and Valerian are leaving the planet, they have seen this focus in a less-than-perfect light. (bookrags.com)
  • Valerian and Laureline are confused when the group announces that they are the original natives of the planet, though they know it as Alflolol. (bookrags.com)
  • In the 28th century, Valerian and Laureline are a team of special operatives charged with maintaining order throughout the human territories. (marcustheatres.com)
  • Linda och Valentin (Valerian et Laureline) is the Swedish adaptation of a French sci-fi comic by P. Christin (story) and J.C. Mézières (illustrations). (kth.se)
  • The film, a longtime passion project for Besson with a reported budget of at least $180 million, stars Dane DeHaan as the time-traveling hero Valerian and Cara Delevingne as his love interest and partner, Laureline. (hollywoodreporter.com)
  • Besson's movie, based on the beloved science fiction comic series Valerian and Laureline , stars Dane DeHaan and Cara Delevingne as the titular characters of the source material, with Clive Owen , Rihanna , Ethan Hawke , and John Goodman set to co-star alongside them. (collider.com)
  • Rooted in the classic graphic novel series, Valerian and Laureline- visionary writer/director Luc Besson advances this iconic source material into a contemporary, unique and epic science fiction saga. (collider.com)
  • Under directive from their Commander (Clive Owen), Valerian and Laureline embark on a mission to the breathtaking intergalactic city of Alpha, an ever-expanding metropolis comprised of thousands of different species from all four corners of the universe. (collider.com)
  • The story follows Valerian ( Dane DeHaan ) and his partner Laureline ( Cara Delevingne ). (hollywood.com)
  • In the 28th century, military operatives Valerian and Laureline are sent to the planet Alpha, whose 17 million inhabitants and thousands of species live in peace, sharing their knowledge and talents. (dolby.com)
  • Valerian and Laureline is not available in this language. (crunchyroll.com)
  • Based on the classic European graphic novel series, "Valerian and Laureline," Dane DeHaan and Cara Delevingne star are special operatives for the government of the human territories charged with maintaining order throughout the universe. (darkhorizons.com)
  • Based on the french comic written by Pierre Christin and illustrated by Jean-Claude Mézières , the film stars Dane DeHaan as Valerian and Cara Delevingne as Laureline, as they travel through the outskirts of space for an adventure unlike any other. (geeksofdoom.com)
  • Valerian and Laureline take a break from adventuring and go on a cruise, but Valerian feels uncomfortable among the idle and the powerful. (platekompaniet.no)
  • Slated to open July 21, Besson's "passion project" is based on the French sci-fi comic book series Valerian and Laureline from Pierre Christin and Jean-Claude Mezieres. (hollywoodreporter.com)
  • The common valerian ( V. officinalis ) is sometimes grown under the name garden heliotrope, although it is unrelated to the true heliotropes. (infoplease.com)
  • In the N United States the common valerian is found naturalized in the North, and several species grow indigenously elsewhere, e.g. (infoplease.com)
  • and is best known for common valerian ( V. officinalis ), occasionally as tall as 1.5 metres (5 feet). (britannica.com)
  • V. N. Voroshilov, Common Valerian [in Russian], Moscow (1959). (springer.com)
  • whilst the common valerian, or 'all-heal' as it is sometimes called, was a domestic medicine of the Anglo-Saxons. (chestofbooks.com)
  • What are common valerian preparations? (nih.gov)
  • Valerian And The City Of A Thousand Planets followed two intergalactic operatives (played by Dane DeHaan and Cara Delevingne ) striving to maintain order in the human territories of the 28th century. (slashfilm.com)
  • Here, Valerian (Dane DeHaan) dons special goggles that enable him to be in two 'worlds' at once - a desert and the market world - as he attempts a secret mission. (siggraph.org)
  • When Valerian and the City of a Thousand Planets hits theaters in 2017, expect more than a few familiar sights. (popularmechanics.com)
  • Valerian and the City of A Thousand Planets releases July 21, 2017. (hollywood.com)
  • With Valerian opening July 21st in North America, I recently sat down with Cara Delevingne for an extended video interview. (collider.com)
  • A cold infusion may be used: a glass of cold water is poured over two teaspoons of valerian root and left to stand for 8-l0 hours. (bellaonline.com)
  • Mixing valerian root with xanax? (drugs.com)
  • i read some bad reviews on mixing them :/ valerian root was helpfull to me in the past from 2008-early 2012. (drugs.com)
  • Valerian root while it is an herbal supplement should not be mixed with Xanax. (drugs.com)
  • Keep us posted on the Valerian root. (drugs.com)
  • Valerian Root (valerian) interacts with more than 200 other drugs. (drugs.com)
  • Valerian is a flowering plant, the root of which is dried and used as an herbal remedy. (rexhealth.com)
  • Valerian root has been used as a sedative and anti- anxiety treatment for more than 2,000 years. (webmd.com)
  • A total of 581 drugs (4157 brand and generic names) are known to interact with Valerian Root (valerian) . (drugs.com)
  • Show all medications in the database that may interact with Valerian Root (valerian). (drugs.com)
  • Valerian rhizome and root preparations are found in many herbal sedative remedies, often in combination with skullcap, hops or passionflower. (gov.mb.ca)
  • Both contain organic valerian root, traditionally used as a natural sedative, to replace the energizing effects of caffeine with something a little more soothing. (refinery29.com)
  • Dig planting holes for your valerian that are the same size and width as the nursery containers or root balls. (gardenguides.com)
  • Avoid alcohol while using valerian root. (ehow.co.uk)
  • Known as Nature's Tranquilizer or Herbal Valium, valerian root is used to reduce tension and anxiety, alleviate insomnia, and relieve muscle spasms and cramping. (fedcoseeds.com)
  • The principal constituent of valerian root is the volatile oil which is contained in the sub-epidermal layer of cells in the root, not in isolated oil-cells or glands. (chestofbooks.com)
  • Good valerian root yields about 1 per cent. (chestofbooks.com)
  • to this body the unpleasant odour of valerian root is to be ascribed, and its gradual production from bornyl isovalerianate explains the development of the odour as the root dries. (chestofbooks.com)
  • Valerian root has been used for sleep problems ( insomnia ).Some herbal/dietary supplement products have been found to contain possibly harmful impurities/additives. (medicinenet.com)
  • Each capsule contains 500 mg Valerian Root extract with at least 0.8% valerenic acid. (newsmax.com)
  • Hey, I've been reading some of these posts about supplements and I thought I'd mention Valerian root. (healthboards.com)
  • Nervous tension, does Valerian root help? (healthboards.com)
  • Any success using Valerian root as a sleep aide? (healthboards.com)
  • Valerian is a derivative of the valerian root and is the actual basis for clinical valium so it does have healing properties. (healingwell.com)
  • Everything you need to understand or teach On False Earths (Valerian) by Pierre Christin. (bookrags.com)
  • This detailed literature summary also contains Quotes and a Free Quiz on Welcome to Alflolol (Valerian) by Pierre Christin. (bookrags.com)
  • The red valerian, or Jupiter's-beard ( Centranthus ruber ), and the African valerian ( Fedia cornucopiae ) are among other ornamental species native to the Old World. (infoplease.com)
  • Red valerian (Centranthus ruber) is a clump-forming herbaceous perennial native to the Mediterranean Basin. (gardenguides.com)
  • Valerian, Centranthus ruber , is a pretty plant that produces bright pink-red, fragrant flowers from late-spring to late-summer, but it also produces masses of seed that germinates all over the garden. (gardenersworld.com)
  • However, valerian is a sedative herb that may increase the effects of alcohol and medications for anxiety and insomnia. (bellaonline.com)
  • For thousands of years, the herb valerian has been used as a sedative in Europe and Asia. (webmd.com)
  • Although melatonin is a hormonal chemical produced by your body and valerian is a herb-like plant, you can take both as supplements for treating insomnia. (livestrong.com)
  • A typical dose of valerian is 2 to 3 grams of dried herb or 270 to 450 milligrams of liquid extract one-half to one hour prior to bedtime for insomnia, says the University of Pittsburgh Medical Center. (livestrong.com)
  • But a 2007 review of studies on valerian that was published in Sleep Medicine Reviews determined that the herb isn't an effective insomnia treatment. (livestrong.com)
  • Valerian, also known as garden heliotrope, is a fragrant perennial herb that grows in clumps. (gardenguides.com)
  • According to WebMD, women should avoid using valerian when pregnant or breastfeeding, as there is insufficient information on the safety of this medicinal herb during pregnancy and breastfeeding. (reference.com)
  • Valerian is an herb that is native to Europe and Asia and parts of the plant are sold as dietary supplements for the treatment of insomnia, nervous tension, and as a sleeping aid. (newsmax.com)
  • Valerian has been used as a medicinal herb since at least the time of ancient Greece and Rome. (babynamewizard.com)
  • Valerian is an herb sold as a dietary supplement in the United States. (nih.gov)
  • In the mid-19th century, valerian was considered a stimulant that caused some of the same complaints it is thought to treat and was generally held in low esteem as a medicinal herb [ 2 ]. (nih.gov)
  • Red valerian freely flowers and reblooms across the growing season, making it an alluring plant to add to perennial borders by gardeners, especially those who love to attract bees, butterflies and hummingbirds. (gardenguides.com)
  • A number of studies suggest that valerian does help with insomnia . (webmd.com)
  • For insomnia , many studies have used between 400 milligrams and 900 milligrams of valerian up to two hours before bed. (webmd.com)
  • Taking valerian regularly may cause insomnia . (webmd.com)
  • Valerian has been used in alternative medicine as a possibly effective aid in treating sleep problems (insomnia). (rexhealth.com)
  • There have been many clinical studies done to evaluate the effectiveness of valerian as a treatment for insomnia and anxiety. (poison.org)
  • Another small study showed that both kava and valerian improved sleep in people with stress-related insomnia . (webmd.com)
  • Valerian has been used in Europe and the Middle East for more than 2,000 years as a sedative and for digestive and urinary tract disorders, coughs and asthma, headache, PMS, insomnia and fatigue. (gov.mb.ca)
  • A few studies have shown that valerian may improve hot flashes and insomnia in postmenopausal women. (mskcc.org)
  • Both melatonin and valerian have the potential to treat insomnia and cluster or migraine headaches. (livestrong.com)
  • A 1996 double-blind clinical trial in Germany found that taking 600 milligrams of valerian extract one hour before bed helped to treat insomnia, notes the University of Pittsburgh Medical Center. (livestrong.com)
  • WebMD indicates that valerian acts like a sedative on the brain to cause drowsiness and relieve insomnia. (ehow.co.uk)
  • WebMD indicates that valerian does not work as quickly as a sleeping pill for relieving insomnia. (ehow.co.uk)
  • Some possible side effects from valerian include uneasiness, excitability, headache and insomnia. (reference.com)
  • Valerian is a common ingredient in products promoted as mild sedatives and sleep aids for nervous tension and insomnia. (nih.gov)
  • Evidence from clinical studies of the efficacy of valerian in treating sleep disorders such as insomnia is inconclusive. (nih.gov)
  • Its therapeutic uses were described by Hippocrates, and in the 2nd century, Galen prescribed valerian for insomnia [ 5 , 7 ]. (nih.gov)
  • In a systematic review of the scientific literature , nine randomized , placebo-controlled , double-blind clinical trials of valerian and sleep disorders were identified and evaluated for evidence of efficacy of valerian as a treatment for insomnia [ 11 ]. (nih.gov)
  • Western Valerian has simple , broad leaves and white flowers. (eol.org)
  • The trailers for Luc Besson's adaptation of the beloved French sci-fi comic Valerian And The City Of A Thousand Planets have increasingly made the film look like a visual treat for the senses that will blend together Guardians Of The Galaxy , Star Wars and The Fifth Element . (cinemablend.com)
  • Luc Besson's big-budget sci-fi epic Valerian and the City of a Thousand Planets is moving to another galaxy, and will now be released by STX Entertainment, along with several other EuropaCorp films. (hollywoodreporter.com)
  • Valerian was produced and financed by Besson's EuropaCorp and was slated to be released by RED, EuropaCorp's and Relativity Media's joint venture. (hollywoodreporter.com)
  • Perhaps the most talked about sequence in Luc Besson's Valerian & the City of a Thousand Planets is the interdimensional journey undertaken by the title character through a merchant world. (siggraph.org)
  • But that's not the case in Luc Besson's Valerian . (collider.com)
  • The schedule isn't packed with many big movie presentations, with but panels for Dreamworks' " Trolls " and Luc Besson's " Valerian and the City of a Thousand Planets " will likely draw the most attention in Hall H at 10 A.M. and 1 P.M., respectively. (aceshowbiz.com)
  • The second trailer for Luc Besson's epic science fiction adventure "Valerian and the City of a Thousand Planets" has arrived. (darkhorizons.com)
  • Meanwhile "Valerian," Luc Besson's big-budget adaptation of the French comic series from his own EuropaCorp, and distributed in the U.S. by STXfilms, looks like a real clunker. (variety.com)
  • A two-hour behind-the-scenes look at the making of Luc Besson's Valerian and the City of a Thousand Planets - featuring new artwork and clips from the film - kicked off the FMX visual effects and animation conference Tuesday in Stuttgart, Germany. (hollywoodreporter.com)
  • Stokdyk also gave a nod to Besson's The Fifth Element , which celebrates its 20th anniversary this year and which he said inspired elements of Valerian, and vice versa. (hollywoodreporter.com)
  • Scullcap & Valerian tablets are the only herbal product to be officially authorised by the Veterinary Medicines Directorate to help anxiety and nervousness. (dorwest.com)
  • Valerian is one of the best gentle and harmless herbal sleeping remedies, it enhances the natural body process of slipping into sleep and making the stresses of the day recedes, it also eases lying awake in bed, ensuring that it becomes a restful and relaxing experience. (bellaonline.com)
  • Valerian is often sold as an herbal supplement. (rexhealth.com)
  • Avoid using valerian with other herbal/health supplements that can cause drowsiness. (rexhealth.com)
  • Valerian is an herbal dietary supplement sold over-the-counter (OTC) for its sedative and calming effects. (poison.org)
  • Valerian ranked 10th in the list of top herbal supplement sales in the natural food market for 1998 (up from 18th in 1997), capturing 2% of sales. (gov.mb.ca)
  • It is further stated that cancer patients often have difficulties to sleep and are restless, so that they can use herbal drugs such as valerian in order to avoid chemically defined sedatives and hypnotics as they fear becoming addicted. (hindawi.com)
  • VALERIAN (vuh LEER ee uhn) is an herbal or dietary supplement. (nationwidechildrens.org)
  • Herbal preparation with L-Theanine, valerian, passionflower, hops, and skullcap provide a formula that promotes positive mood and relaxation. (newsmax.com)
  • The genus Valerian includes over 250 species , but V. officinalis is the species most often used in the United States and Europe and is the only species discussed in this fact sheet [ 3 , 4 ]. (nih.gov)
  • valerian, common name for some members of the Valerianaceae, a family chiefly of herbs and shrubs of temperate and colder regions of the Northern Hemisphere a few species, however, are native to the Andes. (infoplease.com)
  • Generally, studies have shown that valerian reduces the time it takes to fall asleep and improves the quality of sleep itself. (bellaonline.com)
  • In studies, valerian has demonstrated mild sedative and tranquilizing activity, as well as the ability to relieve anxiety. (bellaonline.com)
  • To help bring on sleep, reduce nervousness and anxiety, valerian may be taken in the following doses an hour or so before retiring, or up to three times a day, with the last dose near bedtime. (bellaonline.com)
  • Scientific evidence is mixed on whether valerian helps with symptoms of anxiety . (webmd.com)
  • Several analyses have determined there is not enough evidence to determine whether valerian can treat anxiety. (mskcc.org)
  • Valerian is sometimes also recommended to treat anxiety and stress. (livestrong.com)
  • For anxiety, you can take valerian twice each day at a lower dosage. (livestrong.com)
  • Valerian extract influenced GABA levels and reduced anxiety in clinical trials reported by Planta Medica in 1989 and 1994. (livestrong.com)
  • Others use valerian as a treatment for anxiety, hypochondria, and depression, among other conditions. (ehow.co.uk)
  • i take valerian as a back up for anxiety. (healingwell.com)
  • procera F.G. Meyer (Mexican valerian) are also sold for medicinal purposes. (gov.mb.ca)
  • Melatonin and valerian also have other potential medicinal uses. (livestrong.com)
  • Combinations - It is possible to enhance different aspects of valerians effects by combining it with other herbs. (bellaonline.com)
  • Health Canada has registered more than 100 commercial products containing valerian in its 'Herbs and Natural Products' and 'Homeopathic' categories, and has published a labelling standard for products claiming 'sleep aid' or 'sedative' therapeutic actions. (gov.mb.ca)
  • Valerian is commonly combined with other relaxing herbs such as lemon balm. (ehow.co.uk)
  • There are no natural food sources of valerian. (webmd.com)
  • What Are the Best Sources of Valerian? (newsmax.com)
  • The U.S. Pharmacopeia is requesting that further studies be done on valerian before it can be recommended as a sleep aid or sedative, but it is having quality standards established for publication in the National Formulary (it was previously listed in the USP 1820-1942 and NF 1942-1950 ). (gov.mb.ca)
  • What clinical studies have been done on valerian and sleep disorders? (nih.gov)
  • At least two other species of valerian, V. jatamansi Jones (Indian valerian) and V. edulis Nutt. (gov.mb.ca)
  • There are no reports in the scientific literature to suggest that valerian interacts with any conventional medications. (bellaonline.com)
  • Laboratory studies suggest positive effects, and an initial study indicates that valerian may be helpful for menstrual cramps. (mskcc.org)
  • If you take any medicines regularly, talk to your doctor before you start using valerian supplements . (webmd.com)
  • Plank recommends these four supplements , especially valerian and melatonin . (webmd.com)
  • Valerian supplements often have a distinct odor that some may find unpleasant, and these products might interact with a number of drugs or health conditions. (mskcc.org)
  • Preparations of valerian marketed as dietary supplements are made from its roots, rhizomes (underground stems), and stolons (horizontal stems). (nih.gov)
  • It contains a blend of Valerian and Lemon Balm extracts. (newsmax.com)
  • Valerian flower extracts were used as a perfume in the sixteenth century. (babynamewizard.com)
  • or the valepotriates ( esters of short-chain fatty acids ) is sometimes used to standardize valerian extracts. (nih.gov)
  • No conclusive medical evidence supports the use of melatonin or valerian to effectively treat or prevent any health condition, however. (livestrong.com)
  • Ask your doctor about the dose of valerian or melatonin that's right for you before taking either supplement. (livestrong.com)
  • Although the actual science out there investigating valerian as a sleep aid is inconclusive , it is considered to be "generally safe. (refinery29.com)
  • Valerian grows on a wide range of soils, but moist, rich loam with pH 6.0 to 7.0 is best. (gov.mb.ca)
  • Valerian grows in a wide range of soils, but prefers a moist, but well-drained loam. (johnnyseeds.com)
  • There have also been a few reports of withdrawal symptoms in people who stopped taking valerian abruptly after long-term use. (poison.org)
  • Withdrawal symptoms may occur in those taking valerian for a period of time, if valerian is discontinued abruptly. (mskcc.org)
  • I have been busy collecting the seeds from aquilegias (Granny Bonnets), Forget Me Nots, Red Valerian and Honesty and scattering them liberally though other borders and in wilder areas, and will continue to do the same as other plants go to seed. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • You can also grow valerian from seeds planted outdoors in the fall or started indoors and planted out in the late spring or summer. (gardenguides.com)
  • This formula contains Valerian, Hops, and Scullcap to induce a relaxing effect on the body. (newsmax.com)
  • This capsule contains Valerian, Hops, and Skullcap. (newsmax.com)
  • 128 volunteers were given 400 mg of an aqueous extract of valerian, a commercial preparation containing 60 mg valerian and 30 mg hops, and a placebo [ 13 ]. (nih.gov)
  • Amounts of these constituents in valerian can vary depending on when the plants were harvested, resulting in large differences in the amounts found in different valerian products. (poison.org)
  • Constituents of valerian have been shown to have sedative effects in animals, but there is no scientific agreement on valerian's mechanisms of action . (nih.gov)
  • There is no scientific agreement as to the active constituents of valerian, and its activity may result from interactions among multiple constituents rather than any one compound or class of compounds [ 6 ]. (nih.gov)
  • Valerian is marketed fresh or dried, as a tea, as a tincture, and as a liquid extract or concentrated infusion. (gov.mb.ca)
  • In laboratory experiments, valerian extract prevents the breakdown of an important inhibitory neurotransmitter chemical in the nervous system, causing a calming effect. (mskcc.org)
  • This extract is carefully prepared from the freshly harvested and organically cultivated roots of Valerian. (newsmax.com)
  • Although a study in cancer patients did not find this to be true, valerian did appear to improve other symptoms such as fatigue, how long it took to fall asleep, and quantity of sleep per night. (mskcc.org)
  • Some women use valerian for menstrual cramps and symptoms related to menopause. (reference.com)
  • valerian may have fewer after effects the next day, such as morning drowsiness. (bellaonline.com)
  • Using ALPRAZolam together with valerian may increase side effects such as dizziness, drowsiness, and difficulty concentrating. (drugs.com)
  • It can increase drowsiness caused by valerian. (rexhealth.com)
  • In addition, WebMD recommends against combining sedative medications with valerian because of excessive drowsiness. (ehow.co.uk)
  • Valerian may work in a similar manner to sedative-like drugs like Valium, suggests the University of Pittsburg Medical Center. (livestrong.com)
  • In addition, although not studied scientifically, some experts use valerian for sleep disturbances related to feelings of depression. (bellaonline.com)
  • As 19 to 75% of all cancer patients suffer from sleep disturbances [ 5 ], warnings against the use of valerian preparations have a high impact on these patients. (hindawi.com)
  • You should not use valerian if you are allergic to it. (rexhealth.com)
  • I take valerian sometimes to help me sleep and it hasn't caused me trouble, but I take low doses, maybe it is something they use to bind the valerian that you are allergic to such as wheat or yeast? (healingwell.com)
  • Extreme caution should be used if combining valerian with any medications that has sedative effects. (webmd.com)
  • In recent popular publications as well as in widely used information websites directed to cancer patients, valerian is claimed to have a potential of adverse interactions with anticancer drugs. (hindawi.com)
  • Valerian grows well in hot or cold, wet or dry climates, but prefers rich heavy loam with lots of moisture. (gov.mb.ca)
  • Valerian grows up to 5 feet tall and 1 foot wide, and the flowers bloom from June through September. (gardenguides.com)
  • In situations that have a longer duration then we recommend also giving Scullcap and Valerian Tablets. (dorwest.com)
  • When faced with unexpected events like thunderstorms, Valerian Compound has a fast action and it can also be used in conjunction with Scullcap and Valerian Tablets in especially fearful situations and for anxious animals. (dorwest.com)
  • Top tip - buy your supply of Scullcap and Valerian Tablets well in advance of fireworks night (there's often huge demand around this time. (dorwest.com)
  • Scullcap & Valerian Tablets used daily provide better coverage and are ideal to start using in the lead up to Fireworks Night so they are already nice and relaxed before the scary noises start. (dorwest.com)
  • [3] Valerian and Gallienus split the problems of the empire between them, with the son taking the West, and the father heading East to face the Persian threat. (wikipedia.org)
  • Son of Gallienus (or possibly Valerian). (monm.edu)
  • There is no standard dose of valerian. (webmd.com)
  • Since valerian is used when needed, you are not likely to miss a dose. (rexhealth.com)
  • Valerian is a popular treatment alternative to benzodiazepines (such as diazepam and alprazolam) and other commonly prescribed medications for sleep problems. (bellaonline.com)
  • Valerian should not be combined with barbiturates (medications, such as pentobarbital, prescribed for sleep disorders or seizures), and should be used with caution. (bellaonline.com)
  • Taking valerian with sleeping medications or with alcohol can compound its effect, so don't use it with other sleep aids . (webmd.com)
  • Valerian could interact with some sedatives, narcotics, antidepressants , and anti- seizure medicines. (webmd.com)
  • Valerian may strongly interact with alcohol and should not be used at the same time as alcohol. (webmd.com)
  • Valerian is an epic sci-fi saga directed by Luc Besson, visionary director of The Fifth Element and Lucy. (entertainmentearth.com)
  • Director Luc Besson brings a childhood dream and sci-fi epic to the big screen, in "Valerian and the City of a Thousand Planets. (cnn.com)
  • Valerian is as gorgeous & epic a sci-fi adventure as you are expecting. (cinemablend.com)
  • Finally, Steve Weintraub from Collider again declared Valerian And The City Of A Thousand Planets to be a triumph, citing its "inventive sci-fi, epic action" and "insane visual effects" as the main reasons why it got his seal of approval. (cinemablend.com)
  • In fact, losing that gig has brought him a different, nearly as promising job composing the score for Luc Besson 's upcoming sci-fi epic Valerian and the City of a Thousand Planets . (collider.com)
  • In the US, valerian is marketed as a dietary supplement with teas, tinctures, capsules, and tablets made from its roots. (poison.org)
  • Since it's sold as a dietary supplement rather than a pharmaceutical drug, valerian doesn't have to go through the same FDA hoops in order to be sold in the U.S. But, Counting Sheep is marketed as a food product - not specifically as a sleep aid or to treat any sort of sleep disorder. (refinery29.com)
  • Given the lack of evidence about its safety, valerian is not recommended for children or for women who are pregnant or breastfeeding . (webmd.com)
  • Valerian should not be used by pregnant or nursing women or by children under 3 years of age because the risks to fetuses and infants have not been evaluated. (poison.org)
  • The bright, lightly fragrant blooms of red valerian provide food for a variety of butterflies, including their larvae, plus birds and bees. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Valerian produces pale pink flowers that are heavily fragrant, smelling somewhat similar to a mixture of cloves and vanilla. (gardenguides.com)
  • Seedlings of red valerian are easily pulled up by hand or killed by hoe cultivation. (gardenguides.com)
  • If red valerian does escape cultivation, its success as a naturalized weed/wildflower is limited by natural factors. (gardenguides.com)
  • In a few cases, valerian has been associated with liver injury, although it was often being used in combination with other herbals like black cohosh and skullcap. (poison.org)
  • In addition, clinical studies on various valerian preparations did not reveal any relevant interaction potential concerning CYP 1A2, 2D6, 2E1, and 3A4. (hindawi.com)
  • The interaction potential of valerian preparations therefore seems to be low and thereby without clinical relevance. (hindawi.com)
  • It is still cultivated in parts of N Europe and in some Asian countries for the essential oil, sometimes substituted for that of the related spikenard , and for the dried roots and rhizomes, also called valerian and used medicinally as a sedative and carminative. (infoplease.com)
  • Harvest the valerian roots during the spring or fall by digging them up carefully. (gardenguides.com)
  • Early Greeks referred to valerian as phu (like our "phew") because of the distinctive fetid musky smell of the roots. (fedcoseeds.com)
  • Valerian is in demand as a sleep aid and as a sedative for nervous tension, hysteria, excitability, stress, and intestinal colic or cramps. (gov.mb.ca)
  • Valerian acts as a sedative for the brain and nervous system. (reference.com)
  • Some users add valerian to bath water to help with sleep disorders. (ehow.co.uk)
  • Most people use valerian to treat sleep disorders, but it is also used for epilepsy, mild tremors, depression and ADHD. (reference.com)
  • In addition to sleep disorders, valerian has been used for gastrointestinal spasms and distress , epileptic seizures, and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder . (nih.gov)
  • Red valerian prospers in a wide array of soils and rainfall regimes. (gardenguides.com)
  • Valerian appears to increase the concentration of gamma aminobutyric acid, or GABA, in the brain, which has a calming effect, explains the University of Maryland Medical Center. (livestrong.com)
  • Valerian rhizome. (chestofbooks.com)
  • Valerian rhizome has a powerful characteristic disagreeable odour and a camphoraceous, slightly bitter taste. (chestofbooks.com)