The interruption or removal of any part of the vagus (10th cranial) nerve. Vagotomy may be performed for research or for therapeutic purposes.
Vagal denervation of that part of the STOMACH lined with acid-secreting mucosa (GASTRIC MUCOSA) containing the GASTRIC PARIETAL CELLS. Since the procedure leaves the vagal branches to the antrum and PYLORUS intact, it circumvents gastric drainage required with truncal vagotomy techniques.
Bilateral dissection of the abdominal branches of the vagus nerve. It is used frequently in the surgical management of duodenal and gastric ulcers, as well as in physiologic studies of gastrointestinal secretion and motility.
The region of the STOMACH at the junction with the DUODENUM. It is marked by the thickening of circular muscle layers forming the pyloric sphincter to control the opening and closure of the lumen.
A PEPTIC ULCER located in the DUODENUM.
The 10th cranial nerve. The vagus is a mixed nerve which contains somatic afferents (from skin in back of the ear and the external auditory meatus), visceral afferents (from the pharynx, larynx, thorax, and abdomen), parasympathetic efferents (to the thorax and abdomen), and efferents to striated muscle (of the larynx and pharynx).
Gastrointestinal symptoms resulting from an absent or nonfunctioning pylorus.
A variety of surgical reconstructive procedures devised to restore gastrointestinal continuity, The two major classes of reconstruction are the Billroth I (gastroduodenostomy) and Billroth II (gastrojejunostomy) procedures.
The liquid secretion of the stomach mucosa consisting of hydrochloric acid (GASTRIC ACID); PEPSINOGENS; INTRINSIC FACTOR; GASTRIN; MUCUS; and the bicarbonate ion (BICARBONATES). (From Best & Taylor's Physiological Basis of Medical Practice, 12th ed, p651)
The region between the sharp indentation at the lower third of the STOMACH (incisura angularis) and the junction of the PYLORUS with the DUODENUM. Pyloric antral glands contain mucus-secreting cells and gastrin-secreting endocrine cells (G CELLS).
An organ of digestion situated in the left upper quadrant of the abdomen between the termination of the ESOPHAGUS and the beginning of the DUODENUM.
Sequelae of gastrectomy from the second week after operation on. Include recurrent or anastomotic ulcer, postprandial syndromes (DUMPING SYNDROME and late postprandial hypoglycemia), disordered bowel action, and nutritional deficiencies.
A synthetic pentapeptide that has effects like gastrin when given parenterally. It stimulates the secretion of gastric acid, pepsin, and intrinsic factor, and has been used as a diagnostic aid.
Excision of the whole (total gastrectomy) or part (subtotal gastrectomy, partial gastrectomy, gastric resection) of the stomach. (Dorland, 28th ed)
The removal of fluids or discharges from the body, such as from a wound, sore, or cavity.
Hydrochloric acid present in GASTRIC JUICE.
A family of gastrointestinal peptide hormones that excite the secretion of GASTRIC JUICE. They may also occur in the central nervous system where they are presumed to be neurotransmitters.
The evacuation of food from the stomach into the duodenum.
The motor activity of the GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT.
Ulceration of the GASTRIC MUCOSA due to contact with GASTRIC JUICE. It is often associated with HELICOBACTER PYLORI infection or consumption of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDS).
The shortest and widest portion of the SMALL INTESTINE adjacent to the PYLORUS of the STOMACH. It is named for having the length equal to about the width of 12 fingers.
Abnormal distention of the STOMACH due to accumulation of gastric contents that may reach 10 to 15 liters. Gastric dilatation may be the result of GASTRIC OUTLET OBSTRUCTION; ILEUS; GASTROPARESIS; or denervation.
An alkaloid, originally from Atropa belladonna, but found in other plants, mainly SOLANACEAE. Hyoscyamine is the 3(S)-endo isomer of atropine.
Stable cesium atoms that have the same atomic number as the element cesium, but differ in atomic weight. Cs-133 is a naturally occurring isotope.
Penetration of a PEPTIC ULCER through the wall of DUODENUM or STOMACH allowing the leakage of luminal contents into the PERITONEAL CAVITY.
An involuntary movement or exercise of function in a part, excited in response to a stimulus applied to the periphery and transmitted to the brain or spinal cord.
The fourth stomach of ruminating animals. It is also called the "true" stomach. It is an elongated pear-shaped sac lying on the floor of the abdomen, on the right-hand side, and roughly between the seventh and twelfth ribs. It leads to the beginning of the small intestine. (From Black's Veterinary Dictionary, 17th ed)
The amount of a substance secreted by cells or by a specific organ or organism over a given period of time; usually applies to those substances which are formed by glandular tissues and are released by them into biological fluids, e.g., secretory rate of corticosteroids by the adrenal cortex, secretory rate of gastric acid by the gastric mucosa.
The second stomach of ruminants. It lies almost in the midline in the front of the abdomen, in contact with the liver and diaphragm and communicates freely with the RUMEN via the ruminoreticular orifice. The lining of the reticulum is raised into folds forming a honeycomb pattern over the surface. (From Concise Veterinary Dictionary, 1988)
Abnormal passage communicating with the STOMACH.
The act of dilating.
Pathological processes involving the STOMACH.
The resection or removal of the nerve to an organ or part. (Dorland, 28th ed)
Gastric analysis for determination of free acid or total acid.
The domestic dog, Canis familiaris, comprising about 400 breeds, of the carnivore family CANIDAE. They are worldwide in distribution and live in association with people. (Walker's Mammals of the World, 5th ed, p1065)
The act of breathing with the LUNGS, consisting of INHALATION, or the taking into the lungs of the ambient air, and of EXHALATION, or the expelling of the modified air which contains more CARBON DIOXIDE than the air taken in (Blakiston's Gould Medical Dictionary, 4th ed.). This does not include tissue respiration (= OXYGEN CONSUMPTION) or cell respiration (= CELL RESPIRATION).
Radiography of the gallbladder after ingestion of a contrast medium.
The middle portion of the SMALL INTESTINE, between DUODENUM and ILEUM. It represents about 2/5 of the remaining portion of the small intestine below duodenum.
Bleeding from a PEPTIC ULCER that can be located in any segment of the GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT.
A peptide, of about 33 amino acids, secreted by the upper INTESTINAL MUCOSA and also found in the central nervous system. It causes gallbladder contraction, release of pancreatic exocrine (or digestive) enzymes, and affects other gastrointestinal functions. Cholecystokinin may be the mediator of satiety.
Stable gold atoms that have the same atomic number as the element gold, but differ in atomic weight. Au-197 is a stable isotope.
An adjunctive treatment for PARTIAL EPILEPSY and refractory DEPRESSION that delivers electrical impulses to the brain via the VAGUS NERVE. A battery implanted under the skin supplies the energy.
Messages between computer users via COMPUTER COMMUNICATION NETWORKS. This feature duplicates most of the features of paper mail, such as forwarding, multiple copies, and attachments of images and other file types, but with a speed advantage. The term also refers to an individual message sent in this way.
Mechanical food dispensing machines.
The guidelines and policy statements set forth by the editor(s) or editorial board of a publication.
The profession of writing. Also the identity of the writer as the creator of a literary production.
A publication issued at stated, more or less regular, intervals.
The functions and activities carried out by the U.S. Postal Service, foreign postal services, and private postal services such as Federal Express.
A loose confederation of computer communication networks around the world. The networks that make up the Internet are connected through several backbone networks. The Internet grew out of the US Government ARPAnet project and was designed to facilitate information exchange.

Reduction in baroreflex cardiovascular responses due to venous infusion in the rabbit. (1/1080)

We studied reflex bradycardia and depression of mean arterial blood pressure (MAP) during left aortic nerve (LAN) stimulation before and after volume infusion in the anesthetized rabbit. Step increases in mean right atrial pressure (MRAP) to 10 mm Hg did not result in a significant change in heart rate or MAP. After volume loading, responses to LAN stimulation were not as great and the degree of attenuation was propoetional to the level of increased MRAP. A change in responsiveness was observed after elevation of MRAP by only 1 mm Hg, corresponding to less than a 10% increase in average calculated blood volume. after an increase in MRAP of 10 mm Hg, peak responses were attenuated by 44% (heart rate) and 52% (MAP), and the initial slopes (rate of change) were reduced by 46% (heart rate) and 66% (MAP). Comparison of the responses after infusion with blood and dextran solutions indicated that hemodilution was an unlikely explanation for the attenuation of the reflex responses. Total arterial baroreceptor denervation (ABD) abolished the volume-related attenuation was still present following bilateral aortic nerve section or vagotomy. It thus appears that the carotid sinus responds to changes inblood volume and influences the reflex cardiovascular responses to afferent stimulation of the LAN. On the other hand, cardiopulmonary receptors subserved by vagal afferents do not appear to be involved.  (+info)

Effect of central corticotropin-releasing factor on carbon tetrachloride-induced acute liver injury in rats. (2/1080)

Central neuropeptides play important roles in many instances of physiological and pathophysiological regulation mediated through the autonomic nervous system. In regard to the hepatobiliary system, several neuropeptides act in the brain to regulate bile secretion, hepatic blood flow, and hepatic proliferation. Stressors and sympathetic nerve activation are reported to exacerbate experimental liver injury. Some stressors are known to stimulate corticotropin-releasing factor (CRF) synthesis in the central nervous system and induce activation of sympathetic nerves in animal models. The effect of intracisternal CRF on carbon tetrachloride (CCl4)-induced acute liver injury was examined in rats. Intracisternal injection of CRF dose dependently enhanced elevation of the serum alanine aminotransferase (ALT) level induced by CCl4. Elevations of serum aspartate aminotransferase, alkaline phosphatase, and total bilirubin levels by CCl4 were also enhanced by intracisternal CRF injection. Intracisternal injection of CRF also aggravated CCl4-induced hepatic histological changes. Intracisternal CRF injection alone did not modify the serum ALT level. Intravenous administration of CRF did not influence CCl4-induced acute liver injury. The aggravating effect of central CRF on CCl4-induced acute liver injury was abolished by denervation of hepatic plexus with phenol and by denervation of noradrenergic fibers with 6-hydroxydopamine treatment but not by hepatic branch vagotomy or atropine treatment. These results suggest that CRF acts in the brain to exacerbate acute liver injury through the sympathetic-noradrenergic pathways.  (+info)

Proximal gastric vagotomy: effects of two operative techniques on clinical and gastric secretory results. (3/1080)

PGV performed in 39 patients by separating the lesser omentum from the stomach beginning 6 or 7 cm proximal to the pylorus and skeletonizing the distal 1 to 2 cm of esophagus was followed by 15.4% of proven and 10.2 of suspected recurrent ulcers. Insulin tests were done during the first 3 months postoperatively on 31 of the patients, including the 6 with proven and the 4 with suspected recurrent ulcers. The peak acid output to insulin minus tha basal acid output (PAOI-BAO) was less than 5 mEq/hr in 16 cases (52%) and from 5 to 25 mEq/hr in the remaining 15 cases. In 6 patients with proven recurrent ulcer, PAOI-BAO averaged 21.9 mEq/hr (range, 11.3 to 41.8); in the 4 patients with suspected recurrence, 9.5 (range, 4.4 to 11.8). The operative technique was changed in one respect; the distal 5 to 7.5 cm of the esophagus was skeletonized. In 14 patients, the mean PAOI-BAO +/- S.E. within 3 months of PGV was 1985 +/- 0.7 mEq/hr, and 13 of 14 values were less than 5 mEq/hr. One patient developed recurrent ulcer and required re-operation; this patient's value for PAO-BAO was 1.8 mEq/hr. The results show quantitatively that great differences in the completeness of PGV result from differences in the periesophageal dissection and emphasize its importance if optimal results are to be obtained and, especially, if the efficacy of the operation is to be judged.  (+info)

Mechanisms of acute cardiovascular response to periodic apneas in sedated pigs. (4/1080)

This study was designed to evaluate the importance of sympathoadrenal activation in the acute cardiovascular response to apneas and the role of hypoxemia in this response. In addition, we evaluated the contribution of the vagus nerve to apnea responses after chemical sympathectomy. In six pigs preinstrumented with an electromagnetic flow probe and five nonpreinstrumented pigs, effects of periodic nonobstructive apneas were tested under the following six conditions: room air breathing, 100% O2 supplementation, both repeated after administration of hexamethonium (Hex), and both repeated again after bilateral vagotomy in addition to Hex. With room air apneas, during the apnea cycle, there were increases in mean arterial pressure (MAP; from baseline of 108 +/- 4 to 124 +/- 6 Torr, P < 0.01), plasma norepinephrine (from 681 +/- 99 to 1,825 +/- 578 pg/ml, P < 0.05), and epinephrine (from 191 +/- 67 to 1,245 +/- 685 pg/ml, P < 0.05) but decreases in cardiac output (CO; from 3.3 +/- 0.6 to 2.4 +/- 0.3 l/min, P < 0.01) and cervical sympathetic nerve activity. With O2 supplementation relative to baseline, apneas were associated with small increases in MAP (from 112 +/- 4 to 118 +/- 3 Torr, P < 0.01) and norepinephrine (from 675 +/- 97 to 861 +/- 170 pg/ml, P < 0.05). After Hex, apneas with room air were associated with small increases in MAP (from 103 +/- 6 to 109 +/- 6 Torr, P < 0.05) and epinephrine (from 136 +/- 45 to 666 +/- 467 pg/ml, P < 0.05) and decreases in CO (from 3.6 +/- 0.4 to 3.2 +/- 0. 5 l/min, P < 0.05). After Hex, apneas with O2 supplementation were associated with decreased MAP (from 107 +/- 5 to 100 +/- 5 Torr, P < 0.05) and no other changes. After vagotomy + Hex, with room air and O2 supplementation, apneas were associated with decreased MAP (from 98 +/- 6 to 76 +/- 7 and from 103 +/- 7 to 95 +/- 6 Torr, respectively, both P < 0.01) but increased CO [from 2.7 +/- 0.3 to 3. 2 +/- 0.4 l/min (P < 0.05) and from 2.4 +/- 0.2 to 2.7 +/- 0.2 l/min (P < 0.01), respectively]. We conclude that sympathoadrenal activation is the major pressor mechanism during apneas. Cervical sympathetic nerve activity does not reflect overall sympathoadrenal activity during apneas. Hypoxemia is an important but not the sole trigger factor for sympathoadrenal activation. There is an important vagally mediated reflex that contributes to the pressor response to apneas.  (+info)

Vagus nerve modulates secretin binding sites in the rat forestomach. (5/1080)

Secretin is well known for its inhibitory action on gastric motility. It has been reported that secretin in a physiological dose inhibits gastric motility through mediation by the vagal afferent pathway. Secretin also elicited relaxation of carbachol-stimulated rat forestomach muscle strips by binding to its receptors, suggesting a direct action on this peripheral tissue. We hypothesized that vagal input may affect the action of secretin by modulating the level of secretin receptor in the forestomach. Several treatments, including vagal ligation, vagotomy, perivagal application of capsaicin or colchicine, intravenous infusion of tetrodotoxin, and intraperitoneal injection of atropine, were performed to investigate their effects on secretin receptor binding to forestomach membranes. Specific binding of 125I-labeled secretin to forestomach membranes was significantly decreased (45%) by vagal ligation, vagotomy (50%), or perivagal colchicine treatment (40%). On the contrary, specific binding of 125I-secretin was not affected by perivagal capsaicin treatment, intravenous infusion of tetrodotoxin, or intraperitoneal injection of atropine. By Scatchard analysis of the binding data, the capacity of the high-affinity binding sites in forestomach membranes was found to decrease significantly after vagal ligation compared with membranes from the sham-operated group. However, the affinity at the high-affinity binding sites, the binding parameters of the low-affinity binding sites, and binding specificity were not changed. Vagal ligation but not perivagal capsaicin treatment reduced the inhibitory effect of secretin on bethanechol-stimulated contraction of isolated forestomach muscle strips, causing a right shift in the dose-response curve. These results suggest that vagal input through axonal transport plays a significant role on secretin action by modulating the capacity of secretin binding sites (but not affinity or specificity), at least in rat forestomach.  (+info)

Meal-synchronized CEA in rats: effects of meal size, intragastric feeding, and subdiaphragmatic vagotomy. (6/1080)

Within a feeding schedule of intermittent food access, large meals have the ability to induce activity at the same time the next day [circadian ensuing activity (CEA)]. In these experiments, we evaluated the minimum meal size necessary to induce CEA and whether oral-pharyngeal factors and afferent vagal activity played necessary roles in the induction of the underlying process. In experiment 1, every 33 h rats were given two meals separated by a 2-h interval. The size of the first meal was varied, while total intake every feeding cycle was held constant. When the initial meal was <10 g (34 kcal) CEA occurred later, indicating that such a meal size was subthreshold for inducing CEA. In experiment 2, rats were given intragastric (IG) meals every 33 h, before and after complete subdiaphragmatic vagotomy. IG nutrient meals induced CEA, indicating that extensive oral-pharyngeal experience was not necessary for CEA induction. CEA occurred in vagotomized rats but, compared with intact rats, appeared to occur later relative to nutrient infusion, indicating that afferent vagal activity may be sufficient but not necessary to induce CEA.  (+info)

Mechano- and chemoreceptor modulation of renal sympathetic nerve activity at birth in fetal sheep. (7/1080)

Physiological responses at birth include increases in heart rate (HR), blood pressure, sympathetic nerve activity, and circulating vasoactive peptides. The factors mediating these responses are not known. To test the hypothesis that afferent input from peripheral mechanoreceptors (arterial and cardiopulmonary baroreceptors) and chemoreceptors contribute to the sympathoexcitatory and hormonal responses at birth, we studied the effects of sinoaortic denervation (SAD) and SAD with vagotomy (Vx) on changes in HR, mean arterial blood pressure (MABP), renal sympathetic nerve activity (RSNA), and catecholamine, arginine vasopressin (AVP), and ANG II levels at birth in term sheep. One hour after delivery by cesarean section, RSNA increased by 168 +/- 49 and 192 +/- 32% (relative to fetal values) in SAD and SAD-Vx animals, respectively. Significant increases in HR (18 +/- 5 and 20 +/- 6%) and MABP (24 +/- 4 and 20 +/- 5%) were also observed 1 h after delivery in SAD and SAD-Vx lambs, respectively. These responses are similar to those seen in intact sheep delivered at the same gestational age. AVP levels markedly increased after birth (19.8 +/- 6.7 to 136.1 +/- 75.9 pg/ml) in SAD-Vx lambs, whereas SAD animals displayed no change in AVP concentrations. Plasma ANG II also did not change after birth in either group, although levels were consistently higher (P < 0.01) in SAD compared with SAD-Vx animals. In the presence of SAD, Vx resulted in significantly greater plasma levels of norepinephrine, although levels did not change after birth in either group. The epinephrine responses at birth were similar in both groups of animals. The present data suggest that afferent input from peripheral chemoreceptors and mechanoreceptors contributes little to the hemodynamic and sympathetic responses after delivery by cesarean section. On the other hand, these peripheral mechanisms appear to be involved in modulating endocrine responses at birth.  (+info)

Vagal afferents and active upper airway closure during pulmonary edema in lambs. (8/1080)

The present study was undertaken to gain further insight into the mechanisms responsible for the sustained active expiratory upper airway closure previously observed during high-permeability pulmonary edema in lambs. The experiments were conducted in nonsedated lambs, in which airflow and thyroarytenoid and inferior pharyngeal constrictor muscle electromyographic activity were recorded. We first studied the consequences of hemodynamic pulmonary edema (induced by impeding pulmonary venous return) on upper airway dynamics in five lambs; under this condition, a sustained expiratory upper airway closure consistently appeared. We then tested whether expiratory upper airway closure was related to vagal afferent activity from bronchopulmonary receptors. Five bivagotomized lambs underwent high-permeability pulmonary edema: no sustained expiratory upper airway closure was observed. Finally, we studied whether a sustained decrease in lung volume induced a sustained expiratory upper airway closure. Five lambs underwent a 250-ml pleural infusion: no sustained expiratory upper airway closure was observed. We conclude that 1) the sustained expiratory upper airway closure observed during pulmonary edema in nonsedated lambs is related to stimulation of vagal afferents by an increase in lung water and 2) a decrease in lung volume does not seem to be the causal factor.  (+info)

TY - JOUR. T1 - Posterior Subdiaphragmatic Vagotomy Downmodulates the IgA Levels in the Small Intestine of BALB/c Mice. AU - Pérez-López, José Alfredo. AU - Rojas-Hernández, Saúl. AU - Campos-Rodríguez, Rafael. AU - Arciniega-Martínez, Ivonne Mac Iel. AU - Cruz-Hernández, Teresita Rocío. AU - Reséndiz-Albor, Aldo Arturo. AU - Drago-Serrano, Maria Elisa. PY - 2020/2/1. Y1 - 2020/2/1. N2 - © 2020 S. Karger AG, Basel. Copyright: All rights reserved. Objective: The posterior vagus nerve trunk innervates the entire small intestine, and elucidating its modulatory role in the IgA response was the aim of this study. Methods: Two groups of six male BALB/c mice underwent sham or posterior subdiaphragmatic vagotomy and were euthanized on the 14th postoperative day; then, the small intestines were dissected. The intestinal fluid was harvested for antibody analysis by ELISA, and cell suspensions from Peyers patches and lamina propria were prepared for cytofluorometric analysis of plasma cells and ...
A vagotomy is a surgical procedure that involves removing part of the vagus nerve. A plain vagotomy eliminates the parasympathetic supply from the stomach to the left side of the transverse colon. Other techniques focus on branches leading from the retroperitoneum to the stomach. Highly selective vagotomy refers to denervation of only those branches supplying the lower esophagus and stomach (leaving the nerve of Latarjet in place to ensure the emptying function of the stomach remains intact). It is one of the treatments of peptic ulcer. Vagotomy is an essential component of surgical management of peptic (duodenal and gastric) ulcer disease (PUD). Vagotomy was once commonly performed to treat and prevent PUD. However, with the availability of excellent acid secretion control with H2 receptor antagonists, such as cimetidine, ranitidine, and famotidine, and proton pump inhibitors (PPIs), such as pantoprazole, rabeprazole, omeprazole, and lansoprazole, the need for surgical management of peptic ...
An association between colorectal cancer and previous peptic ulcer surgery is reported. In a prospective screening study, 100 asymptomatic patients (80 men and 20 women) who had undergone truncal vagotomy at least 10 years previously were investigated by barium enema, colonoscopy and gallbladder ultrasonography. Control data were obtained from forensic autopsy subjects. The incidence of neoplasms greater than or equal to 1.0 cm in the vagotomized group was 14 per cent (11 adenomas, 3 carcinomas) and 3 per cent in controls (P = 0.01). Duodenal bile obtained at endoscopy from 21 vagotomized patients with normal gallbladders and from 21 control patients undergoing endoscopy was analysed by high performance liquid chromatography. The mean percentage of cholic (CA), chenodeoxycholic (CDCA), deoxycholic (DCA) and lithocholic (LCA) acids in the bile of vagotomized patients was 32.3, 45.6, 20.7 and 1.4 per cent respectively compared with 45.3, 36.2, 17.9 and 0.7 per cent respectively in controls. The increased
TY - JOUR. T1 - Effects of acetylcholine on action potential characteristics of atrial and ventricular myocardium after bilateral cervical vagotomy in the cat.. AU - Kovacs, R. J.. AU - Bailey, J. C.. PY - 1985/4. Y1 - 1985/4. N2 - Acetylcholine, the parasympathetic neurotransmitter, shortens the action potential duration of cat atrial muscle cells, but not ventricular muscle cells. In mammalian species, atrial tissue receives a richer cholinergic nerve supply than ventricular tissue. To determine whether chronic withdrawal of cholinergic tone might influence the subsequent response of these tissues to cholinergic stimulation, we examined the effect of acetylcholine on the action potentials of atrial and ventricular myocytes from cats with intact vagi and cats after chronic bilateral cervical vagotomy. Following bilateral cervical vagotomy, physostigmine (10(-6) M) failed to alter atrial tension development or action potential duration. Acetylcholine produced shortening of the action potential ...
Postvagotomy Dysphagia. Hoyumpa Jr., Anastacio M.; Morrison, John T.; Moskowitz, Myron // American Journal of Gastroenterology;Feb1972, Vol. 57 Issue 2, p133 A case of dysphagia following vagotomy is described and the different forms of this complication are discussed. Postvagotomy dysphagia should be considered in the differential diagnosis of achalasia. Vagotomy should be performed as close to the diaphragm as possible to minimize the incidence of... ...
To explore neurophysiological underpinnings of this effect, we reasoned that the efferent vagus nerve (which controls gastrointestinal motility) was important in mediating gingers anti-emetic effect, as ginger treatment has been shown to alter the rate of gastric emptying, ileal motility, and to induce longitudinal contractions of the guinea pig fundus in vitro. Therefore, for Experiment 2 rats received bilateral subdiaphragmatic vagotomy prior to a replication of Experiment 1. Each rat was anesthetized using a ketamine HCl:xylazine HCl mixture (50:10 mg/kg) and the abdomen was shaved. The rat was then placed on a warm plate and a 1 laparotomy was made on the left side approximately 1 lateral to the midline. The liver and stomach were gently retracted using hooks and clamps so as to visualize the subdiaphragmatic esophagus under a surgical microscope. Approximately 3mm sections of the left and right trunks of the vagus were then teased from the esophagus dorsal to the gastric branches and two ...
The vagus nerves play a central role in regulating gastric acid production. Therefore, the disruption of vagal innervation has long been exploited as an antisecretory measure. The surgical technique of vagotomy has a rich history dating back nearly a
S72.036 is a non-billable code, consider using a code with a higher level of specificity for a diagnosis of nondisplaced midcervical fracture of unspecified femur.
US STAR Tom Hollander has opened up on how stressful filming the BBC adaptation of David Nicholls best-selling book was ahead of the first episode this evening.
Hollander, M. H. J., Schortinghuis, J., Vissink, A., Jansma, J. & Schepers, R. H., Jun-2020, In : International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery. 49, 6, p. 750-764 15 p.. Research output: Contribution to journal › Review article › Academic › peer-review ...
Pillows at kohls.com - Shop our selection of pillows, including this Hollander Sleep Products Boomerang Company pillow, at kohls.com. Model number 337KO BOOMER.
On Thursday 15 December, Frank den Hollander was appointed Knight in the Order of the Dutch Lion. The adornments were pinned on Den Hollander by Mayor Emile Jaensch of Oegstgeest, where Den Hollander resides. The ceremony occurred during the Eurandom workshop honouring the 60th birthday of Den Hollander. [Readmore] ...
In 21 normal fasting subjects basal serum-pancreatic-polypeptide (H.P.P.), as measured by a specific radioimmunoassay, was 43 +/- 4 pmol/l (mean +/- S.E.M). This basal concentration was of the same magnitude as that of other gastrointestinal peptide hormones. In normal subjects the H.P.P. response t …
Parkinsons disease, a progressive disease of the nervous system marked by tremor and slow, imprecise movement, may begin in the gut and spread to the brain. This post from ProHealth reviews the progress of the research that has presented strong evidence of the causes of the disease. Press Release: Aarhus University, June 23, 2015. The chronic neurodegenerative Parkinsons ... Continue Reading ...
Hollanders test (Insulin hypoglycemia test): In the past, this test was used for confirmation of completeness of vagotomy (done for duodenal ulcer)....
One-sample test. ## Hollander & Wolfe (1973), 29f. ## Hamilton depression scale factor measurements in 9 patients with ## mixed anxiety and depression, taken at the first (x) and second ## (y) visit after initiation of a therapy (administration of a ## tranquilizer). x ,- c(1.83, 0.50, 1.62, 2.48, 1.68, 1.88, 1.55, 3.06, 1.30) y ,- c(0.878, 0.647, 0.598, 2.05, 1.06, 1.29, 1.06, 3.14, 1.29) wilcox.test(x, y, paired = TRUE, alternative = greater) wilcox.test(y - x, alternative = less) # The same. wilcox.test(y - x, alternative = less, exact = FALSE, correct = FALSE) # H&W large sample # approximation ## Two-sample test. ## Hollander & Wolfe (1973), 69f. ## Permeability constants of the human chorioamnion (a placental ## membrane) at term (x) and between 12 to 26 weeks gestational ## age (y). The alternative of interest is greater permeability ## of the human chorioamnion for the term pregnancy. x ,- c(0.80, 0.83, 1.89, 1.04, 1.45, 1.38, 1.91, 1.64, 0.73, 1.46) y ,- c(1.15, 0.88, 0.90, 0.74, ...
Shira Albeck; P. Alzari; C. Andreini; L. Banci; I. M. Berry; I. Bertini; C. Cambillau; B. Canard; L. Carter; S. X. Cohen; J. M. Diprose; Orly Dym; R. M. Esnouf; Clifford Felder; F. Ferron; F. Guillemot; R. Hamer; Jelloul, M. Ben Jelloul; R. A. Laskowski; T. Laurent; S. Longhi; R. Lopez; C. Luchinat; H. Malet; T. Mochel; R. J. Morris; L. Moulinier; T. Oinn; A. Pajon; Yoav Peleg; A. Perrakis; O. Poch; Jaime Prilusky; A. Rachedi; R. Ripp; A. Rosato; Israel Silman; D. I. Stuart; Joel Sussman; J. -C. Thierry; J. D. Thompson; J. M. Thornton; Tamar Unger; B. Vaughan; W. Vranken; J. D. Watson; G. Whamond; K. Henrick (). Spine Bioinformatics And Data-Management Aspects Of High-Throughput Structural Biology. Acta Crystallographica Section D-Structural Biology. 62:1184-1195. ...
Albeck, S; Alzari, P; Andreini, C; Banci, L; Berry, Im; Bertini, I; Cambillau, C; Canard, B; Carter, L; Cohen, Sx; Diprose, Jm; Dym, O; Esnouf, Rm; Felder, C; Ferron, F; Guillemot, F; Hamer, R; Ben Jelloul, M; Laskowski, Ra; Laurent, T; Longhi, S; Lopez, R; Luchinat, C; Malet, H; Mochel, T; Morris, Rj; Moulinier, L; Oinn, T; Pajon, A; Peleg, Y; Perrakis, A; Poch, O; Prilusky, J; Rachedi, A; Ripp, R; Rosato, A; Silman, I; Stuart, Di; Sussman, Jl; Thierry, Jc; Thompson, Jd; Thornton, Jm; Unger, T; Vaughan, B; Vranken, W; Watson, Jd; Whamond, G; Henrick, K (2006). Spine Bioinformatics and Data-Management Aspects of High-Throughput Structural Biology. Acta Crystallographica Section D-Structural Biology. 62:1184-1195. ...
Hollander is the riparian download Machine of the Dragon School with his system collection to covering. Tom Hollander had associated the cyclical something of Established parts, both chromosomes. He reached up in Oxford,( UK).
is not specified), an exact p-value is computed if both samples contain less than 50 finite values and there are no ties. Otherwise, a normal approximation is used. Optionally, a nonparametric confidence interval and an estimator for s are computed. If exact p-values are available, an exact confidence interval is obtained by the algorithm described in Bauer (1972), and the Hodges-Lehmann estimator is employed. Otherwise, the returned confidence interval and point estimate are based on normal approximations. Note that mid-ranks are used in the case of ties rather than average scores as employed in Hollander & Wolfe (1973). See, e.g., Hajek, Sidak and Sen (1999), pages 131ff, for more information. ...
Thilsing, T., Sønderlund, A. L., Søndergaard, J., Bruun Larsen, L., de Wit, N. J., Lionis, C., Schellevis, F. G., Korevaar, J. C., Nielen, M. M. J., Hollander, M., Dalmeije, G., de Waard, A. K. M., Holzmann, M. J., Carlsson, A. C., Wändell, P. E., Seifert, B., Kral, N. & Angelaki, A.. 01/05/2015 → 01/07/2019. Project: Research ...
At our practice, Dr. Hollander wants to make your smile awesome. One of the ways we do this is through dental bonding. Contact us today.
Dr. Hollander received his Bachelors Degree in Psychology from Touro College as well as a Masters Degree and a Ph.D. in Developmental Psychology from Yeshiva University. He completed a neuropsychology/psychology internship at New York University Medical Center at the Comprehensive Epilepsy Center. Dr. Hollander was a Post-Doctoral Fellow in Neuropsychology at the University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey in the Neuropsychology department, affiliated with the department of neurosurgery. Dr. Hollander is also a licensed psychologist (licensed in New York State) and conducts neuropsychological and psychoeducational tests. Dr. Hollander has taught psychology on the college level in both traditional and online setting for close to 14 years. He has taught numerous courses on both the introductory and advanced level and Dr. Hollander teaches Developmental Psychopathology here at Walden University. Dr. Hollander has worked in the past in the capacity as a neuropsychologist and psychologist at ...
30 morbidly obese patients evenly enrolled at The University of California San Francisco and at the University of Rochester will be selected for study on a voluntary basis. They will have a BMI of ,35 with at least one obesity related comorbidity or a BMI between 40 and 45. Subjects will undergo specific tests of vagal function and baseline metabolic evaluation at baseline.. Thereafter they will undergo a laparoscopic truncal vagotomy. Over 18 months, post operative tests of adequate vagotomy, weight loss, change in body composition and metabolism will be studied. ...
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TY - JOUR. T1 - Studies on the hemodynamic changes induced by electrical stimulation of the vagosympathetic trunks in the dog. AU - Rengo, Franco. AU - Chiariello, Massimo. AU - de Caprio, Lorenzo. AU - Saccà, Luigi. AU - Trimarco, Bruno. AU - Perez, Gavino. AU - Condorelli, Mario. PY - 1975. Y1 - 1975. N2 - The effects of electrostimulation of the cephalic endings of the vagosympathetic trunks on the systemic and perfusion pressure of the hind limb of the dog depend upon frequency, intensity and duration of the stimulus. The electro-stimulation performed with stimuli of high frequency, low intensity and moderately long duration (rectangular waves of 1.5 V, 0.7 msec, 100 Hz) consistently elicited systemic hypertension and vasoconstriction. This response was completely abolished by pretreatment with guanethidine or hexamethonium. On the other hand, electrostimulation with stimuli of low frequency, high intensity and long duration (5 V, 1 msec, 10 Hz) produced systcmic hypotension and ...
Hollander, W F., Hydrocephalic-polydactyl, a recessive pleiotropic mutant in the mouse and its location in chromosome 6. (1976). Subject Strain Bibliography 1976. 3055 ...
Subdiaphragmatic free gas is one of the ways of detecting presence of free intraperitoneal gas (i.e. pneumoperitoneum). It is the presence of free, extraluminal gas in the anterior subhepatic space. Radiographic features Plain radiograph Subd...
Diagnosis Code S72.036S information, including descriptions, synonyms, code edits, diagnostic related groups, ICD-9 conversion and references to the diseases index.
Contrasting with the multitude of anorexigenic modulators of feeding,93 ghrelin is the only known peripherally produced and centrally acting hormone that stimulates food intake in animals94,95 and humans.96 In line with the similar binding of octanoyl as well as n-decanoyl ghrelin to the GRLN-R, both forms stimulate feeding7 and ghrelin-induced feeding is inhibited by various GRLN-R antagonists.97 Further corroborating the key role of this receptor, injection of ghrelin did not result in an orexigenic response in GRLN-R knockout mice.98,99 Ghrelin stimulates food intake via direct actions on the GRLN-R located on food regulatory brain nuclei after passage through the blood-brain barrier100,101 and expressed on vagal afferents well established to convey gut peptide signaling influencing food intake.102,103 Further supporting the importance of vagal signaling, subdiaphragmatic or gastric vagotomy prevented the orexigenic response to intravenous injection of ghrelin in rats.102 However, another ...
Thank you for your interest in spreading the word about The BMJ.. NOTE: We only request your email address so that the person you are recommending the page to knows that you wanted them to see it, and that it is not junk mail. We do not capture any email address.. ...
Learn more about Pyloroplasty -- Child at Doctors Hospital of Augusta DefinitionReasons for ProcedurePossible ComplicationsWhat to ExpectCall Your Doctorrevision ...
Q) What is not true regarding Sugiuras procedure for Portal Hypertension a) It is a transesophageal variceal ligation b) Splenectomy is done c) Vagotomy d) Pyloroplasty Sugiura procedure is the nonshunting procedure for EV bleeding, which was first proposed by Sugiura and Futagawa in 1973 [2]. However, because of its complexity and high postoperative morbidity and mortality, this procedure has not been widely accepted in Western countries ...
This cookie is used to establish and continue a user session with the site. When a user views a page on the site, the script code attempts to update this cookie. If it does not find the cookie, a new one is written and a new session is established. Each time a user visits a different page on the site, this cookie is updated to expire in 30 minutes, thus continuing a single session for as long as user activity continues within 30-minute intervals. This cookie expires when a user pauses on a page on the site for longer than 30 minutes ...
Previous article in issue: Black Adolescent Females May Benefit from STD Interventions Tailored to Gender and Culture Previous article in issue: Black Adolescent Females May Benefit from STD Interventions Tailored to Gender and Culture ...
Well after more than a year of low carb diet, less than 50g a day my hba1c is 61 and Ive lost 5lbs. At diagnosis my hba1c was 143 and Ive reduced it...
Monika Hollander asks Peter van der Meer how comorbidities like renal dysfunction and cancer treatment affect management of patients with HF: what is known about treatment in patients with these comorbidities?
Hollanders, J. J., Schaefer, N., van der Pal, S. M., Oosterlaan, J., Rotteveel, J., Finken, M. J. J., Hille, E. T. M., de Groot, C. H., Kloosterboer-Boerrigter, H., den Ouden, A. L., Rijpstra, A., Verloove-Vanhorick, S. P., Vogelaar, J. A., Kok, J. H., Ilsen, A., van der Lans, M., Boelen-van der Loo, W. J. C., Lundqvist, T., Heymans, H. S. A., Duiverman, E. J. & 31 others, Geven, W. B., Duiverman, M. L., Geven, L. I., Vrijlandt, E. J. L. E., Mulder, A. L. M., Gerver, A., Kollee, L. A. A., Reijmers, L., Sonnemans, R., Wit, J. M., Dekker, F. W., Finken, M. J. J., Weisglas-Kuperus, N., Keijzer-Veen, M. G., van der Heijden, A. J., van Goudoever, J. B., van Weissenbruch, M. M., Cranendonk, A., Delemarre-van de Waal, H. A., de Groot, L., Samsom, J. F., de Vries, L. S., Rademaker, K. J., Moerman, E., Voogsgeerd, M., de Kleine, M. J. K., Andriessen, P., Dielissen-van Helvoirt, C. C. M., Mohamed, I., van Straaten, H. L. M. & Dutch POPS-19 Collaborative Study, 2019, In : Neonatology. 115, 4, p. 310-319 10 ...
Antonio Iglesias del Sol, Karel G.M. Moons, Monika Hollander, Albert Hofman, Peter J. Koudstaal, Diederick E. Grobbee, Monique M.B. Breteler, Jacqueline C.M. Witteman, Michiel L. Bots ...
by Darabian, Sirous and Backlund, Jye-Yu C and Cleary, Patricia A and Sheidaee, Nasim and Bebu, Ionut and Lachin, John M and Budoff, Matthew J and Nathan, D.M and Zinman, B and Crofford, O and Genuth, Saul and Brown-Friday, J and Crandall, J and Engel, H and Engel, S and Martinez, H and Phillips, M and Shamoon, H and Sheindlin, J and Gubitosi-Klug, R and Mayer, L and Zegarra, H and Miller, D and Singerman, L and Smith-Brewer, S and Novak, M and Quin, J and Palmert, M and Brown, E and McConnell, J and Pugsley, P and Crawford, P and Dahms, W and Brillon, D and Lackaye, M.E and Kiss, S and Chan, R and Orlin, A and Reppucci, V and Lee, T and Heinemann, M and Levy, B and Jovanovic, L and Richardson, M and Bosco, B and Dwoskin, A and Hanna, R and Barron, S and Campbell, R and Kruger, D and Jones, J.K and Edwards, P.A and Carey, J.D and Angus, E and Thomas, A and Galprin, A and McLellan, M and Whitehouse, F and Bergenstal, R and Johnson, M and Gunyou, K and Thomas, L and Laechelt, J and Hollander, P ...
Rob W. J. Collin; L. Ingeborgh van den Born; B. Jeroen Klevering; Marta de Castro-Miró; Karin W. Littink; Kentar Arimadyo; Maleeha Azam; Volkan Yazar; Marijke N. Zonneveld; Codrut C. Paun; Anna M. Siemiatkowska; Tim M. Strom; Jayne Y. Hehir-Kwa; Hester Y. Kroes; Jan-Tjeerd H. N. de Faber; Mary J. van Schooneveld; John R. Heckenlively; Carel B. Hoyng; Anneke I. den Hollander; Frans P. M. ...
Rob W. J. Collin; L. Ingeborgh van den Born; B. Jeroen Klevering; Marta de Castro-Miró; Karin W. Littink; Kentar Arimadyo; Maleeha Azam; Volkan Yazar; Marijke N. Zonneveld; Codrut C. Paun; Anna M. Siemiatkowska; Tim M. Strom; Jayne Y. Hehir-Kwa; Hester Y. Kroes; Jan-Tjeerd H. N. de Faber; Mary J. van Schooneveld; John R. Heckenlively; Carel B. Hoyng; Anneke I. den Hollander; Frans P. M. ...
Letters from William C. (Woody) Woodcock Jr., Steven Perkins, Leonard Leis, Dick White, Bob Thompson, Arnie Hollander, Dee Goldman
Merit offers an integrated suite of drainage access, accessories and intervention products to support your drainage procedures every step of the way.
TY - JOUR. T1 - Treatment of Zollinger-Ellison syndrome with exploratory laparotomy, proximal gastric vagotomy, and H2-receptor antagonists. A prospective study. AU - Richardson, C. T.. AU - Peters, M. N.. AU - Feldman, M.. AU - McClelland, R. N.. AU - Walsh, J. H.. AU - Cooper, K. A.. AU - Willeford, G.. AU - Dickerman, R. M.. AU - Fordtran, J. S.. N1 - Funding Information: This study was supported by grant AM16816 and AM17328 from the National Institute of Arthritis, Metabolism and Digestive Diseases; General Clinical Research Center grant RR00633; the Veterans Administration, and a grant from the Abbe K. Dreyfuss Fund, Southwestern Medical Foundation. Dr. Peters was sponsored by U. S. Public Health Service Training Grant AM-07100.. PY - 1985/8. Y1 - 1985/8. N2 - Twenty-two patients with Zollinger-Ellison syndrome were managed by a combined medical and surgical approach. Patients were treated initially with cimetidine or ranitidine. A laparotomy was performed to remove easily resectable tumors ...
Patients with chronic severe diarrhoea after truncal vagotomy and pyloroplasty are often difficult to treat using conventional antidiarrhoeal drugs and remain severely disabled. We examined the effect of two drugs, codeine phosphate and loperamide, on upper intestinal transit and carbohydrate absorption, measured non-invasively by serial exhaled breath hydrogen monitoring, in patients with postvagotomy diarrhoea who had previously failed to gain relief from drug therapy. Orocaecal transit was consistently faster in these patients than a group of controls and was associated with malabsorption of glucose. Codeine phosphate 60 mg significantly delayed transit in patients and controls and was associated with a reduction in glucose malabsorption and improvement in symptoms. Loperamide also delayed transit and improved symptoms, but the doses required for this effect (12-24 mg) were higher than usually considered necessary in secretory diarrhoea. These studies indicate that rapid intestinal nutrient ...
Synonyms for gastroenterostomy in Free Thesaurus. Antonyms for gastroenterostomy. 5 words related to gastroenterostomy: surgical operation, surgical procedure, surgical process, surgery, operation. What are synonyms for gastroenterostomy?
Truncal vagotomy weight loss, Truncal vagotomy requires complete transection of the anterior and posterior. bile reflux gastritis, weight loss, and metabolic consequences.9,23,24 Also, there. 50-80 reduction in operation for PUD in US and Europe. Weight loss. duodenal ulcer is unsatisfactory, truncal vagotomy with drainage. The diagnosis was peptic ulcer disease, status post truncal vagotomy and. by VA for evaluation of abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting, and weight loss.
Looking for online definition of double pyloroplasty in the Medical Dictionary? double pyloroplasty explanation free. What is double pyloroplasty? Meaning of double pyloroplasty medical term. What does double pyloroplasty mean?
Hypoglycemic detection at the portal-mesenteric vein (PMV) appears mediated by spinal afferents and is critical for the counter-regulatory response (CRR) to slow-onset, but not rapid-onset, hypoglycemia. Since rapid-onset hypoglycemia induces Fos protein expression in discrete brain regions, we hypothesized that denervation of the PMV or lesioning spinal afferents would suppress Fos expression in the dorsal medulla during slow-onset hypoglycemia, revealing a central nervous system reliance on PMV glucosensors. Rats undergoing PMV deafferentation via capsaicin, celiac-superior mesenteric ganglionectomy (CSMG), or total subdiaphragmatic vagotomy (TSV) were exposed to hyperinsulinemic-hypoglycemic clamps where glycemia was lowered slowly over 60-75 min. In response to hypoglycemia, control animals demonstrated a robust CRR along with marked Fos expression in the area postrema, nucleus of the solitary tract, and dorsal motor nucleus of the vagus. Fos expression was suppressed by 65-92% in ...
Cresciuta a Louisville in Kentucky[2], Hollander afferma di essere vissuta in una famiglia molto severa e di aver avuto la prima esperienza sessuale nel periodo in cui divenne cheerleader[3]. Conobbe il proprio futuro marito, Otto Bauer, il primo gennaio 2000[4] durante una vacanza in Florida con alcuni amici[3] per seguire un concerto dei Phish[4]. I loro cammini si incrociarono in un bar di South Beach, e fu proprio in occasione del loro primo incontro che Bauer si propose alla Hollander. Lei accettò immediatamente[5]. Si fermarono, quindi, in Florida per una settimana per trasferirsi insieme a New York. Intorno alla metà del 2006 aveva già preso parte ad oltre 125 produzioni ed era stata accreditata come co-regista della serie di film Otto and Audrey Destroy the World. Audrey ha vinto il prestigioso AVN Award come Female Performer of the Year nel 2006. Nel corso dellintervista concessa nel luglio 2007, ha affermato di non avere mai interpretato scena che non includesse anche sesso anale, ...
The present results replicate our previous finding that subdiaphragmatic vagal afferents are not necessary for the feeding-suppressive effects of intraperitoneal IL-1β and LPS and extend those findings to include another bacterial cell wall compound, MDP. Our functional test of complete subdiaphragmatic vagal deafferentation confirmed in both SDA and COM groups that low doses of CCK (4 μg/kg) failed to suppress food intake. Furthermore, these data reveal that neither splanchnic nor vagal subdiaphragmatic visceral afferents are necessary to mediate the hypophagia produced by intraperitoneal administration of IL-1β, LPS, or MDP, because combined subdiaphragmatic vagal deafferentation and celiac-superior mesenteric ganglionectomy failed to alter the ability of these compounds to suppress feeding.. The present finding that subdiaphragmatic vagal afferent fibers are not required for the hypophagic effect of intraperitoneal IL-1β, LPS, or MDP is consistent with results from other studies showing ...
Vasoactive intestinal polypeptide (VIP) is a neuropeptide with potent circulatory effects in the adult animal and human. Little is known about its effects or mechanism of action in the immature animal. These series of experiments evaluated the effects and possible mechanism of action of VIP on the developing canine cardiovascular system. In all three series, measurements of mean heart rate and blood pressure were taken in the control state, after parasympathetic denervation with bilateral cervical vagotomies, and after autonomic blockade with propranolol (1 mg/kg) and phentolamine (0.5 mg i.v.). In series 1, we characterized the role of alpha-adrenergic receptors in early newborn puppies by investigating the hemodynamic effects of phentolamine alone in five early newborn puppies. In series 2, the hemodynamic effects of intravenous VIP infusion (0.2 microgram/kg/min) were recorded and compared in six early newborn puppies and in 10 late newborn puppies. In series 3, the hemodynamic effects of ...
We have conducted a registry study of almost 15,000 patients who have had the vagus nerve in their stomach severed. Between approximately 1970-1995 this procedure was a very common method of ulcer treatment. If it really is correct that Parkinsons starts in the gut and spreads through the vagus nerve, then these vagotomy patients should naturally be protected against developing Parkinsons disease, explains postdoc at Aarhus University Elisabeth Svensson on the hypothesis behind the study.. A hypothesis that turned out to be correct:. Our study shows that patients who have had the the entire vagus nerve severed were protected against Parkinsons disease. Their risk was halved after 20 years. However, patients who had only had a small part of the vagus nerve severed where not protected. This also fits the hypothesis that the disease process is strongly dependent on a fully or partially intact vagus nerve to be able to reach and affect the brain, she says.. The research project has just been ...
We have shown the existence of a vagal pathway that participates in erythromycin prokinetic effects. This pathway primarily modulates the motility and resistance of the pylorus.. The most important result of our study was that the increased gastric emptying rate induced by erythromycin was suppressed by vagal cooling. This demonstrates that vagal pathways are essential for gastrokinetic activity induced by erythromycin. This result does not intrinsically contradict former studies in humans and dogs (6a, 15, 27, 32), although we reached a different conclusion. In previous studies, we also found that vagal section does not drastically modify erythromycin-induced increases in antral and duodenal motility. A decreased emptying rate was not observable in vagotomized patients with drainage because in these patients the pyloric area has been removed or made not functional.. Our results must be interpreted with the knowledge that the regulatory mechanisms may be altered by the experimental conditions. ...
1 l am indebted to Winston for much of the material in this section. 2 For dispelling the notion that Pynchon studied with Nabokov, l am indebted to Steve Tomaske, literary sleuth, who first called the nearly complete lack of hard evidence to my attention. Pynchon s apprenticeship seems to have been established by an offhand comment in a 1966 interview. Did Nabokov remember Pynchon from among his hundreds of students? No. But Madame Nabokov, who graded the Professor s papers, remembered someone, perhaps Pynchon, who had unusual handwriting. (Pynchon is said to block letter personal notes, as do legions of the cohort who were taught handwriting in that period.) This unverified perhaps became the axiom on which the legend has flourished. 3 See Vineland 10, 45, 207, 217, 299, 334. l discuss Pynchon s use of paranoia in Pynchon s Inferno. 4 One, the story Under the Rose (Noble Savage [1961]), reappeared, much reworked, as Chapter III of V., and two (published in 1965 and 1966) were excerpts ...
Basic physics of the atmosphere Rule #1 - Warm air holds more water Rule #2 - Warm air rises, cold air falls Regional climates are determined by a combination of factors, most of which are influenced by these rules.
A case of recrudescent groove pancreatitis, which was in remission by proximal gastrectomy with vagotomy for gastric cancer (2006 ...
by James Bierman and Eli Hollander. TurboCharger is a new $95 disk cache program for speeding up the 512K Mac, from Nevins Microsystems Inc., 210 5th Ave., New York, NY 10010, (212) 563-1910. TurboCharger assists the Macintosh by holding the contents of the most recently and frequently used disk sectors in RAM, thus eliminating the time it would take to re-read the sectors from disk. TurboCharger installs on a startup disk with great ease, and functions invisibly once its put into action.. TurboCharger avoids many of the pitfalls that characterize its two leading competitors, RAM disk and Switcher. It effectively speeds up programs by as much as three to ten times, particularly applications that use large files, like data base programs and spelling checkers, since they frequently refer to disk.. There are two ways to install TurboCharger on your startup disk, both of them a breeze. The first is simply to insert the TurboCharger master disk, and the program goes into action, ejecting the disk, ...
Dr. Scott Hollander, is an expert in minimally invasive vascular procedures. Get the best treatments and procedures for your or your loved ones vascular condition. Start now.
Turcot, V; Lu, Y; Highland, HM; Schurmann, C; Justice, AE; Fine, RS; Bradfield, JP; Esko, T; Giri, A; Graff, M; Guo, X; Cocca, M; Collins, FS; Cook, JP; Corley, J; Corominas Galbany, J; Pennell, CE; Cox, AJ; Crosslin, DS; Gjesing, AP; Thompson, DJ; Zhan, X; Feitosa, MF; Cuellar-Partida, G; DEustacchio, A; Danesh, J; Davies, G; Bakker, PIW; Groot, MCH; Perola, M; Mutsert, R; Deary, IJ; Zhang, W; Kutalik, Z; Dedoussis, G; Demerath, EW; Lehtimäki, T; Gordon-Larsen, P; Heijer, M; Hollander, AI; Ruijter, HM; Dennis, JG; Perry, JA; Zhao, JH; Denny, JC; Ophoff, RA; Angelantonio, E; Drenos, F; Du, M; Dubé, M-P; Lewis, CE; Dunning, AM; Gorski, M; Easton, DF; Zhao, W; Grabe, H-J; Vedantam, S; Alharthi, SE; Lempradl, A; Grant, SFA; Grarup, N; Griffiths, HL; Grove, ML; Gudnason, V; Li, H; Zhou, W; Gustafsson, S; Haessler, J; Hakonarson, H; Thorleifsson, G; Perry, JRB; Hammerschlag, AR; Hansen, T; Locke, AE; Harris, KM; Harris, TB; Lamparter, D; Hattersley, AT; Have, CT; Li, J; Hayward, C; ...
Now, Ive gotta tell you, I felt completely nauseous the first time I put these guarantees on paper. I spent lots of time looking over the way they were worded, and especially for the higher ticket items, working on the exact definitions and terms.. But I no longer do. Im no longer frightened, because Ive done what it takes to (a) ensure I can deliver; (b) ensure Im truly in a position to honor the guarantee if I dont. If these two things werent true, I wouldnt launch the guarantee.. So I submit to you that these types of nauseating guarantees provide a strong competitive advantage in the market place.. Now… IF the above arent enough to get you considering the vomit principle for your own guarantees, consider this…. There was a recent article in the paper about a car dealerships radical guarantee: Come on in and take one of our new cars home to drive for a full month. If you dont like it for any reason, well buy it back (Thanks to Ian Hollander at Karmic Consulting for ...
Ligthart S, Vaez A, Võsa U, Stathopoulou MG, de Vries PS, Prins BP, van der Most PJ, Tanaka T, Naderi E, Rose LM, Wu Y, Karlsson R, Barbalic M, Lin H, Pool R, Zhu G, Macé A, Sidore C, Trompet S, Mangino M, Sabater-Lleal M, Kemp JP, Abbasi A, Kacprowski T, Verweij N, Smith AV, Huang T, Marzi C, Feitosa MF, Lohman KK, Kleber ME, Milaneschi Y, Mueller C, Huq M, Vlachopoulou E, Lyytikäinen L-P, Oldmeadow C, Deelen J, Perola M, Zhao JHua, Feenstra B, Amini M, Lahti J, Schraut KE, Fornage M, Suktitipat B, Chen W-M, Li X, Nutile T, Malerba G, Luan Jan, Bak T, Schork N, M FDel Greco, Thiering E, Mahajan A, Marioni RE, Mihailov E, Eriksson J, Ozel ABilge, Zhang W, Nethander M, Cheng Y-C, Aslibekyan S, Ang W, Gandin I, Yengo L, Portas L, Kooperberg C, Hofer E, Rajan KB, Schurmann C, Hollander Wden, Ahluwalia TS, Zhao J, Draisma HHM, Ford I, Timpson N, Teumer A, Huang H, Wahl S, Liu Y, Huang J, Uh H-W, Geller F, Joshi PK, Yanek LR, Trabetti E, Lehne B, Vozzi D, Verbanck M, Biino G, Saba Y, Meulenbelt ...
Sarah M. Donelson, M.A., Christopher M. Murtaugh, Ph.D., Penny Hollander Feldman, Ph.D., Kamal Hijjazi, Ph.D., Lori Bruno, M.P.H., Stephanna Zeppie, R.N., M.A., C.P.H.Q., Shiela Kinatukara Neder, R.N., B.S.N., Eva Quint, B.A., R.N., B.S.N., Liping Huang, M.A., and Amy Clark, B.A. Center for Home Care Policy and Research Visiting Nurse Service ...
Bok Tower Gardens in Lake Wales, on Wendesday, October 24, 2012. Geert D¿hollander is the new Singing Tower carillonneur, the Belgian player and composer is only their fourth one in 83 years. (Ricardo Ramirez Buxeda / Orlando Sentinel) B582461499Z.1published on 11/8/2012 published on 12/30/2012
Many people with diabetes who use insulin test their glucose 2 to 4 times daily. By tracking changes in the readings, you can tell when your blood glucose goes up or down.
Many people with diabetes who use insulin test their glucose 2 to 4 times daily. By tracking changes in the readings, you can tell when your blood glucose goes up or down.
Many people with diabetes who use insulin test their glucose 2 to 4 times daily. By tracking changes in the readings, you can tell when your blood glucose goes up or down.
Many people with diabetes who use insulin test their glucose 2 to 4 times daily. By tracking changes in the readings, you can tell when your blood glucose goes up or down.
Many people with diabetes who use insulin test their glucose 2 to 4 times daily. By tracking changes in the readings, you can tell when your blood glucose goes up or down.
Many people with diabetes who use insulin test their glucose 2 to 4 times daily. By tracking changes in the readings, you can tell when your blood glucose goes up or down.
Many people with diabetes who use insulin test their glucose 2 to 4 times daily. By tracking changes in the readings, you can tell when your blood glucose goes up or down.
Many people with diabetes who use insulin test their glucose 2 to 4 times daily. By tracking changes in the readings, you can tell when your blood glucose goes up or down.
... is also useful in treating post-vagotomy diarrhea. Colestyramine can be helpful in the treatment of Clostridium ... George, J. D.; Magowan, J. (1971). "Diarrhea after total and selective vagotomy". The American Journal of Digestive Diseases. ...
Song, Nana; Liu, Jun; Shaheen, Saad; Du, Lei; Proctor, Mary; Roman, Jesse; Yu, Jerry (2015). "Vagotomy attenuates bleomycin- ...
Vagotomy (cutting of the vagus nerve) is a now-obsolete therapy that was performed for peptic ulcer disease. Vagotomy is ... The vagotomy reduces this secretion and ultimately leads to the deficiency, which, if left untreated, causes nerve damage, ... One serious side effect of a vagotomy is a vitamin B12 deficiency later in life - perhaps after about 10 years - that is ... Researchers from Aarhus University and Aarhus University Hospital have demonstrated that vagotomy prevents (halves the risk of ...
... it is most commonly paired with another procedure like a vagotomy. Nearly 4 million people in the US have PUD. It is estimated ...
Stimulating effect of vagotomy on gastric secretion in Heidenhain pouch dogs. Am. J. Physiol., 174:219-25. 1957 With C. M. ... He considered his vagotomy surgical technique "the most important contribution of his career". In a 1971 news interview, he ... A quantitative study of the effect of vagotomy on gastric secretion in the dog. Proc. Soc. Exp. Biol. Med., 67:350-51. With E. ... He developed a new surgical procedure (surgical vagotomy) for duodenal ulcers (resulting from peptic ulcer disease). He was a ...
It is cut in selective vagotomy and preserved in highly selective vagotomy. It functions by increasing peristalsis and relaxing ...
The administration of atropine, the vagotomy, blocks the PP's after-meal secretion. The excitation of the vagus nerve, the ...
One study on this subject was on anesthetized paralyzed cats before and after bilateral vagotomy. Ventilation was monitored in ... "Respiratory effects of pneumotaxic center lesions and subsequent vagotomy in chronic cats". Respiration Physiology. 23 (1): 71- ... was monitored both before and after lesions to the pneumotaxic center region and after subsequent bilateral vagotomy. Cats with ...
With A. C. Yankah and R. Hetzer "Vagotomy through mediastinoscopy for pulmonary osteoarthropathy. British Journal of Diseases ...
The original procedure also consisted of an esophageal transection, splenectomy, vagotomy, and pyloroplasty. The Sugiura ... and a selective vagotomy with pyloroplasty. Access is gained through a left lateral thoracotomy incision below the sixth rib. ...
He introduced Vagotomy and was known to have performed his first Hepatectomy there. He stayed in Thanjavur for 5 years and ...
As it is caused due to vagal stimulation, vagotomy is considered as last treatment resort.[citation needed]. Curling ulcer synd ...
His early research was focused on peptic ulcer disease, and highly selective vagotomy and he developed a method to measure ... Wittmann DH, Kirschner H, Luetkens S. Long term results of elective and urgent highly selective vagotomy. Langenbecks Arch Chir ...
An obsolete treatment is vagotomy ("highly selective vagotomy"), the surgical removal of vagus nerve branches that innervate ... Historically, vagotomy was combined with pyloroplasty or gastroenterostomy to counter this problem.[citation needed] ... Vagotomy by itself tended to worsen contraction of the pyloric sphincter of the stomach, and delayed stomach emptying. ...
Patients with hypertrophic osteopathy (Marie's Disease) may respond to surgical removal of the chest mass or vagotomy. Patients ...
In a vagotomy, the vagus nerve is surgically removed to treat peptic ulcer disease through reducing stomach acid. In a ... the narrowing role for vagotomy in the treatment of peptic ulcer disease". The American Journal of Surgery. 207 (1): 120-126. ...
Vagotomy by itself tended to worsen contraction of the pyloric sphincter of the stomach, and delayed stomach emptying. ... Historically, vagotomy was combined with pyloroplasty or gastroenterostomy to counter this problem.[citation needed] A number ... No data support sex predominance with regard to GERD.[medical citation needed] An obsolete treatment is vagotomy ("highly ... selective vagotomy"), the surgical removal of vagus nerve branches that innervate the stomach lining. This treatment has been ...
Surgical procedures include thyroidectomy, tonsillectomy, vagotomy, pyloroplasty, chronic osteomyelitis amputation, ...
In the past a gastrectomy for peptic ulcer disease was often accompanied by a vagotomy, to reduce acid production. This problem ...
In addition, some theories state that megaduodenum can be associated with the following causes: post-vagotomy, vitamin ...
Duodenal switch surgery Vertical sleeve gastrectomy Roux-en-Y gastric bypass Selective vagotomy (snipping the vagus nerve, ...
Conditions that lead to decreased motility in the stomach (gastroparesis) and surgeries on the stomach (such as vagotomy or ...
Bile acid malabsorption can also be secondary to cholecystectomy, vagotomy and other disorders affecting intestinal motility or ...
Lesions of the area postrema are sometimes referred to as 'central vagotomy' because they eliminate the brain's ability to ...
... natural orifice procedure for patients that have regained weight after gastric bypass Vagotomy-Cutting of the vagus nerve to ...
Devascularization of the distal 7 cm of the esophagus Devascularization of the proximal part of the stomach Vagotomy and ...
... vagotomy, small intestinal bacterial overgrowth, radiation enteropathy, celiac disease, chronic pancreatitis, etc. Bile acid ...
... levels in the upper intestines and suppresses glucose production even under subdiaphragmatic vagotomy or gut vagal ...
1991 Laparoscopic Truncal Vagotomy, Antrectomy, and Billroth II, 1991 Laparoscopic Resection of Benign Submucosal Gastric Tumor ...
A vagotomy is a surgical procedure that involves removing part of the vagus nerve. A plain vagotomy eliminates the ... Vagotomy is an essential component of surgical management of peptic (duodenal and gastric) ulcer disease (PUD). Vagotomy was ... This procedure is also called proximal gastric vagotomy. All types of vagotomy can be performed at open surgery (laparotomy) or ... One potential side effect of vagotomy is a vitamin B12 deficiency. As vagotomy decreases gastric secretion, intrinsic factor ...
... resultsMorbidity and mortality ratesAlternatives Source for information on Vagotomy: The Gale Encyclopedia of Surgery and ... A vagotomy can be performed using closed (laparoscopic) or open surgical technique. The indications for a laparoscopic vagotomy ... There are four basic types of vagotomy procedures:. *Truncal or total abdominal vagotomy. The main vagal trunks are divided, ... A vagotomy is performed under general anesthesia. The surgeon makes an incision in the abdomen and locates the vagus nerve. ...
The surgical technique of vagotomy has a rich history dating back nearly a ... The use of vagotomy in treating complicated peptic ulcer disease and the technical aspects of performing vagotomy will be ... Anterior highly selective vagotomy with posterior truncal vagotomy: a simple technique for denervating the parietal cell mass. ... Comparative analysis of vagotomy and drainage versus vagotomy and resection procedures for bleeding peptic ulcer disease: ...
Vagotomy diarrhoea.. Br Med J 1971; 3 doi: https://doi.org/10.1136/bmj.3.5768.247 (Published 24 July 1971) Cite this as: Br Med ...
Post-vagotomy diarrhea is a form of diarrhea which occurs in 10% of people after a truncal vagotomy, which can range from ... However, the occurrence of post-vagotomy diarrhea is significantly reduced after proximal selective vagotomy, specifically when ... Surgical treatment for refractory post-vagotomy diarrhea is rarely needed and at least one year from the occurrence of symptoms ...
Vagotomy for Duodenal Ulceration. Br Med J 1956; 2 doi: https://doi.org/10.1136/bmj.2.5008.1548 (Published 29 December 1956) ...
Proximal gastric vagotomy is a precise operation that divides the terminal vagal branches innervating parietal cell mass while ... Indications for parietal cell vagotomy without drainage in gastrointestinal surgery. Ann Surg. 1989;210:29.PubMedCrossRefGoogle ... Reperitonealization of the lesser curve in proximal gastric vagotomy for duodenal ulcer. Surg Gynecol Obstet. 1991;173:6.PubMed ... Proximal gastric vagotomy is a precise operation that divides the terminal vagal branches innervating parietal cell mass while ...
"Vagotomy" is a descriptor in the National Library of Medicines controlled vocabulary thesaurus, MeSH (Medical Subject Headings ... Below are MeSH descriptors whose meaning is more general than "Vagotomy".. *Analytical, Diagnostic and Therapeutic Techniques ... This graph shows the total number of publications written about "Vagotomy" by people in Harvard Catalyst Profiles by year, and ... Vagotomy attenuates brain cytokines and sleep induced by peripherally administered tumor necrosis factor-a and ...
Effect of Vagotomy on the Mechanical Performance of the Aorta D.P. Sokolis, N. Zarbis, T. Dosios, L. Papadimitriou, H. ... Eight healthy pigs were subjected to bilateral vagotomy, regarded as parasympathetic denervation, and ten pigs were sham ...
What is medical vagotomy? Meaning of medical vagotomy medical term. What does medical vagotomy mean? ... Looking for online definition of medical vagotomy in the Medical Dictionary? medical vagotomy explanation free. ... medical vagotomy. Also found in: Dictionary. vagotomy. [va-got´ah-me] interruption of the impulses carried by the vagus nerve ... parietal cell vagotomy selective severing of the vagus nerve fibers supplying the proximal two thirds (parietal area) of the ...
A follow-up of 93 patients with chronic duodenal ulceration treated by proximal gastric vagotomy without drainage five to nine ...
... vagotomies explanation free. What is vagotomies? Meaning of vagotomies medical term. What does vagotomies mean? ... Looking for online definition of vagotomies in the Medical Dictionary? ... Related to vagotomies: truncal vagotomy, selective vagotomy. Vagotomy. Definition. Vagotomy is the surgical cutting of the ... vagotomy. (vā-gŏt′ə-mē). n. pl. vagoto·mies Surgical division of fibers of the vagus nerve, used to diminish acid secretion of ...
Parkinsons disease, a progressive disease of the nervous system marked by tremor and slow, imprecise movement, may begin in the gut and spread to the brain. This post from ProHealth reviews the progress of the research that has presented strong evidence of the causes of the disease. Press Release: Aarhus University, June 23, 2015. The chronic neurodegenerative Parkinsons ... Continue Reading ...
Finally, vagotomy also reduced liver IDE expression in this group. In conclusion, when submitted to vagotomy, the metabolic ... Vagotomy improved glucose tolerance and reduced insulin secretion but did not alter adiposity and insulin sensitivity in the LP ... which underwent vagotomy and also was kept at a high-fat diet. Glucose-stimulated insulin secretion (GSIS) in isolated islets, ... The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of subdiaphragmatic vagotomy on insulin sensitivity, secretion, and ...
... Camila Lubaczeuski,1 ... Camila Lubaczeuski, Luciana Mateus Gonçalves, Jean Franciesco Vettorazzi, et al., "Vagotomy Reduces Insulin Clearance in Obese ...
After vagotomy the primary rapid increase in H.P.P. concentration was eliminated and the secondary, prolonged response was ... Pancreatic-polypeptide response to food in duodenal-ulcer patients before and after vagotomy Lancet. 1976 May 22;1(7969):1102-5 ... 14 duodenal-ulcer (D.U.) patients were studied before and after truncal vagotomy. Before operation the D.U. patients had higher ...
Thereafter they will undergo a laparoscopic truncal vagotomy. Over 18 months, post operative tests of adequate vagotomy, weight ... Safety and Efficacy of Laparoscopic Truncal Vagotomy for the Treatment of Obesity. This study has been completed. ... This two site study will evaluate the safety and effectiveness of laparoscopic truncal vagotomy for the treatment of obesity ... A Prospective, Multi-Center Study to Evaluate the Safety and Effectiveness of Laparoscopic Truncal Vagotomy for the Treatment ...
Right Thoracoscopic (VATS) Truncal Vagotomy for Marginal Ulcers After Gastric Bypass Surgery. Tuesday, June 21, 2016 ... She underwent a successful right thoracoscopic (VATS) truncal vagotomy, which she tolerated well. ... Right thoracoscopic (VATS) truncal vagotomy is an effective therapy in selected patients. ...
Use of vagotomy improves the course of experimental acute pancreatitis in early stages in Wistar rats. ... Debas H, Konturek S, Grossman M. Effect of extragastric and truncal vagotomy on pancreatic secretion in the dog. Am J Physiol ... Objective: To determine the effect of vagotomy in early stages of experimental acute pancreatitis induced by occlusion of ... Fried G, Ogden W, Greeley G. Correlation of release and actions of cholecystokinin in dogs before and after vagotomy. Surgery ...
vagotomy n. Comparison of relaxant effects of propofol on methacholine‐induced bronchoconstriction in dogs with and without ...
Mechanisms of vomiting induced by serotonin-3 receptor agonists in the cat: effect of vagotomy, splanchnicectomy or area ... Mechanisms of vomiting induced by serotonin-3 receptor agonists in the cat: effect of vagotomy, splanchnicectomy or area ... Mechanisms of vomiting induced by serotonin-3 receptor agonists in the cat: effect of vagotomy, splanchnicectomy or area ... Mechanisms of vomiting induced by serotonin-3 receptor agonists in the cat: effect of vagotomy, splanchnicectomy or area ...
What is the meaning of vagotomy? How do you use vagotomy in a sentence? What are synonyms for vagotomy? ... a vagotomy was completed. *Truncal vagotomy to reduce gastric acid production is the preferred surgical management approach. ... nounvagotomies. *. A surgical operation in which one or more branches of the vagus nerve are cut, typically to reduce the rate ... The effects of the nitric oxide synthase inhibitor on the response to histamine were mimicked by vagotomy or selective nerve ...
Chang P-C, Huang C-K, Rajan M, Hsin M-C (2016) Revision with totally hand-sewn gastrojejunostomy and vagotomy for refractory ... Kux E (1953) Combined thoracoscopic vagotomy and sympathectomy in ulcus duodeni. Dtsch Med Wochenschr 78(15):574-576 PubMed ... Thoracoscopic truncal vagotomy versus surgical revision of the gastrojejunal anastomosis for recalcitrant marginal ulcers. ... Hunter J, Stahl RD, Kakade M, Breitman I, Grams J, Clements RH (2012) Effectiveness of thoracoscopic truncal vagotomy in the ...
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Animals with complete, selective gastric vagotomy failed to form conditioned taste aversion after multiple conditioning ... Conditioned taste aversion induced by motion is prevented by selective vagotomy in the rat.. @article{Fox1988ConditionedTA, ... Animals with complete, selective gastric vagotomy failed to form conditioned taste aversion after multiple conditioning ... title={Conditioned taste aversion induced by motion is prevented by selective vagotomy in the rat.}, author={Robert A. Fox and ...
... , Jie Wu, Enjun ... indicating that Dex can reduce HR in the rabbits with bilateral vagotomy or sympathectomy. Furthermore, regardless of vagotomy ... Impacts and mechanisms of dexmedetomidine HCl on heart rate in rabbit with bilateral vagotomy or sympathectomy. Jie Wu1, Enjun ... The Ach content in group V was slightly decreased than group C after vagotomy, but the continuous infusion of Dex significantly ...
Post-vagotomy insulin test: improved predictability of ulcer recurrence after corrections for height and collection errors.: ... Post-vagotomy insulin test: improved predictability of ulcer recurrence after corrections for height and collection errors.. ...
In this article, we describe a case of a patient who developed sepsis after a vagotomy and later received an infusion of donor ... A 44-year-old woman developed septic shock and severe watery diarrhea 4 days after undergoing a vagotomy. Antibiotics, ... in which we successfully used it in the treatment of a patient with sepsis and severe diarrhea after a vagotomy. Our data ... In this article, we describe a case of a patient who developed sepsis after a vagotomy and later received an infusion of donor ...
Reproducibility and specificity of insulin-injection and insulin-infusion tests in the examination of complete vagotomy (trans ... Reproducibility and specificity of insulin-injection and insulin-infusion tests in the examination of complete vagotomy (trans ...
... and truncal vagotomy on canine gastric electric activity, motility, and emptying. by B G Wilbur et al. ... Progression of changes in gastric emptying of hypertonic liquids after proximal gastric vagotomy. *Dr. John J. Gleysteen, John ... Effect of proximal gastric, complete gastric, and truncal vagotomy on canine gastric electric activity, motility, and emptying. ... article{Wilbur1973EffectOP, title={Effect of proximal gastric, complete gastric, and truncal vagotomy on canine gastric ...
  • The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of subdiaphragmatic vagotomy on insulin sensitivity, secretion, and degradation in metabolic programmed mice, induced by a low-protein diet early in life, followed by exposure to a high-fat diet in adulthood. (hindawi.com)
  • Thus, we sought to explore the effect of subdiaphragmatic vagotomy on insulin sensitivity, secretion, and degradation in metabolic programmed mice, induced by a low-protein diet early in life, followed by exposure to a high-fat diet in adulthood. (hindawi.com)
  • Daily atropine administration for 5 days or subdiaphragmatic vagotomy completely reversed the body weight gain and eliminated the increased adiponectin production and release in these rats, with reversal to a normal serum adiponectin level. (diabetesjournals.org)
  • Food intake during the first 3 and 6 h of the dark cycle was measured in rats with subdiaphragmatic vagal deafferentation ( n = 9), celiac superior mesenteric ganglionectomy ( n = 9), combined vagotomy and ganglionectomy ( n = 9), and sham deafferentation ( n = 9). (physiology.org)
  • For example, subdiaphragmatic vagotomy, which nonselectively transects all gut vagal sensory and motoneurons, attenuated the ability of intraperitoneally injected LPS and IL-1β to suppress instrumental lever pressing for food in mice ( 2 ). (physiology.org)
  • Subdiaphragmatic vagotomy has also been shown to inhibit a variety of other effects of peripheral LPS and IL-1β, such as LPS-stimulated fever ( 33 ), LPS-induced central c-fos expression ( 32 ), IL-1β-induced depression in social exploration ( 1 ), and IL-1β-induced hyperalgesia ( 35 ). (physiology.org)
  • Subdiaphragmatic vagotomy abolished the effects of butyrate on food intake as well as the stimulation of metabolic activity in BAT. (bmj.com)
  • It is the purpose of this study ( a ) to describe a method of consistently producing acute hemorrhagic pancreatitis in the dog and ( b ) to evaluate the results of bilateral subdiaphragmatic vagotomy as a definitive method of treatment. (jamanetwork.com)
  • The AVP response to 598 mosmol/kgH2O NaCl was attenuated by 60.6% (P less than 0.001) in rats with lesion of the side branches of the major splanchnic nerves innervating the mesentery of the upper small intestine and the portal vein area, by 34-37% (P less than 0.05) in rats with right or left splanchnic nerve lesions, and was not affected by subdiaphragmatic vagotomy. (nih.gov)
  • At 30 days of age, both groups of rats were submitted to sham- surgery (CTL and MSG groups) or subdiaphragmatic vagotomy (Cvag and Mvag groups). (bvsalud.org)
  • Thirty New-Zealand female rabbits were implanted with hepatic-portal cannulas and six simultaneously underwent bilateral subdiaphragmatic vagotomy. (biomedsearch.com)
  • Rats undergoing PMV deafferentation via capsaicin, celiac-superior mesenteric ganglionectomy (CSMG), or total subdiaphragmatic vagotomy (TSV) were exposed to hyperinsulinemic-hypoglycemic clamps where glycemia was lowered slowly over 60-75 min. (diabetesjournals.org)
  • At its peak application, vagotomy performed in conjunction with either pyloroplasty or antrectomy was once the gold standard for the treatment of peptic ulcer disease. (uptodate.com)
  • Malagelada J, Go V, Sumerskill W. Altered pancreatic and biliary function after vagotomy and pyloroplasty. (medigraphic.com)
  • All gastric operations involving vagotomy included the breach of the pylorus, usually by pyloroplasty. (lexico.com)
  • This may include a highly selective vagotomy, a truncal vagotomy and pyloroplasty, or vagotomy and antrectomy for a perforated duodenal ulcer. (medscape.com)
  • The types of surgery that may be performed for peptic ulcers are vagotomy, pyloroplasty, and antrectomy. (verywellhealth.com)
  • A vagotomy may also be performed along with a pyloroplasty. (verywellhealth.com)
  • Estimation of the incidence of stenosis, need for pyloroplasty and validity of vagotomy for perforated duodenal ulcer (PDU). (org.ua)
  • It is found that PDU is combined with stenosis in 8.5% and with bleeding in 1.6%, which requires Jadd excision of an ulcer on the anterior wall or gastroduodenotomy for flashing a bleeding ulcer on the posterior wall (0.7%) with subsequent Heineke - Mikulicz pyloroplasty and vagotomy. (org.ua)
  • It is advisable to suture or excise an ulcer with pyloroplasty accompanied by vagotomy that normalizes the acid-proteolytic activity of gastric juice in the postoperative period and eliminates need for antisecretory drugs to prevent the recurrence of the disease. (org.ua)
  • Fifteen miniature swine were divided into three groups according to the surgical procedure they underwent: (1) pyloroplasty alone, (2) truncal vagotomy and pyloroplasty, and (3) selective vagotomy and pyloroplasty. (uthscsa.edu)
  • This procedure is also called proximal gastric vagotomy. (wikipedia.org)
  • However, the occurrence of post-vagotomy diarrhea is significantly reduced after proximal selective vagotomy, specifically when celiac and hepatic branches of the vagus are retained. (wikipedia.org)
  • Proximal gastric vagotomy is a precise operation that divides the terminal vagal branches innervating parietal cell mass while preserving branches to the liver and the pylorus. (springer.com)
  • Proximal gastric vagotomy: effects of two operative techniques on clinical and gastric secretory results. (springer.com)
  • Reperitonealization of the lesser curve in proximal gastric vagotomy for duodenal ulcer. (springer.com)
  • Scott-Conner C.E.H., Chassin J.L. (2014) Proximal Gastric Vagotomy: Surgical Legacy Technique. (springer.com)
  • Proximal gastric vagotomy after five years. (bmj.com)
  • Parietal cell or proximal gastric vagotomy leaves the trunk intact, but severs the branches that go to different parts of the stomach. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Before the advent of these modern therapies, vagotomy played an important role in patients with gastric or duodenal ulcer, especially in the form of selective proximal vagotomy. (german-medicalgroup.com)
  • Both stem vagotomy and selective proximal were used by the method of skeletonization of lesser curvature or chemoneurolysis. (org.ua)
  • Suturing with selective proximal vagotomy was performed in 567 patients, isolated suturing - in 77. (org.ua)
  • Treatment of Zollinger-Ellison syndrome with exploratory laparotomy, proximal gastric vagotomy, and H2-receptor antagonists. (elsevier.com)
  • Treatment of Zollinger-Ellison syndrome with exploratory laparotomy, proximal gastric vagotomy, and H 2 -receptor antagonists. (elsevier.com)
  • A laparotomy was performed to remove easily resectable tumors and to carry out a proximal gastric vagotomy. (elsevier.com)
  • To determine the effect of vagotomy in early stages of experimental acute pancreatitis induced by occlusion of pancreatic duct in Wistar rats. (medigraphic.com)
  • Moreland H, Johnson L. Effect of vagotomy on pancreatic secretion stimulated by endogenous and exogenous secretin. (medigraphic.com)
  • Mechanisms of vomiting induced by serotonin-3 receptor agonists in the cat: effect of vagotomy, splanchnicectomy or area postrema lesion. (aspetjournals.org)
  • These results demonstrate that the elimination of gastric vagal tone does not alter either the normotensive gastric mucosal blood flow or the gastric mucosal vascular response to ischemia and suggest that there is no physiologic basis for the long-term protective effect of vagotomy in preventing either rebleeding or the gastric mucosal ischemia that may lead to stress ulcers. (uthscsa.edu)
  • A vagotomy is a surgical procedure that involves removing part of the vagus nerve. (wikipedia.org)
  • Vagotomy is the surgical cutting of the vagus nerve to reduce acid secretion in the stomach. (encyclopedia.com)
  • The vagus nerve stimulates gastric secretion and affects gastric motility, so that vagotomy reduces the secretion of gastric juices and decreases physical activity of the stomach. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • medical vagotomy interruption of impulses carried by the vagus nerve by administration of suitable drugs. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • truncal vagotomy surgical division of the two main trunks of the abdominal vagus nerve as they emerge through the esophageal hiatus. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Truncal vagotomy severs the trunk of the vagus nerve as it enters the abdomen. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Vagotomy is a surgical procedure that is done to reduce acid production in the stomach by cutting down all or parts of the vagus nerve. (practo.com)
  • A vagotomy is a type of surgery that removes all or part of your vagus nerve. (german-medicalgroup.com)
  • Vagotomy is the surgical transection of branches of the vagus nerve, which supply the secreting cells of the stomach or duodenum. (german-medicalgroup.com)
  • During laparoscopic vagotomy, part of the vagus nerve in the esophagus is removed. (orangecountysurgeons.org)
  • Highly selective vagotomy refers to denervation of only those branches supplying the lower esophagus and stomach (leaving the nerve of Latarjet in place to ensure the emptying function of the stomach remains intact). (wikipedia.org)
  • citation needed] Highly selective vagotomy includes denervation of only the fundus and body (parietal cell-containing areas) of the stomach (also called parietal cell vagotomy). (wikipedia.org)
  • It is left intact in highly selective vagotomy so the function of gastric emptying remains intact. (wikipedia.org)
  • Highly selective vagotomy (HSV). (encyclopedia.com)
  • Ulcer surgery and highly selective vagotomy-T2K. (springer.com)
  • Temple MB, McFarland J. Gastroesophageal reflux complicating highly selective vagotomy. (springer.com)
  • Long-term results of highly selective vagotomy: a prospective study with implications for future laparoscopic surgery. (springer.com)
  • highly selective vagotomy division of only those vagal fibers supplying the acid-secreting glands of the stomach, with preservation of those supplying the antrum as well as of the hepatic and celiac branches. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Highly selective vagotomy is indicated for the treatment of intractable duodenal ulcers because, unlike truncal vagotomy, it does not require a drainage. (german-medicalgroup.com)
  • This study investigates the regeneration of the vagal nerve fibres after highly selective vagotomy in the ferret stomach by using the autoradiographic technique. (edu.qa)
  • These observations indicate that the highly selective vagotomy has been performed properly and adequately. (edu.qa)
  • Vagotomy improved glucose tolerance and reduced insulin secretion but did not alter adiposity and insulin sensitivity in the LP + HFvag, compared with the LP + HF group. (hindawi.com)
  • Vagotomy reduces gastric acidity secretion and was therefore introduced being a medical procedures for peptic ulcers in the 1970s. (onetownmanyvoices.com)
  • Threat of Gastric Rabbit polyclonal to ACAP3 Tumorigenesis after Inhibition of Gastric Acid solution Secretion in Sufferers with Peptic Ulcers Vagotomy have been used like a medical procedures for peptic ulcers since it decreases gastric acidity secretion. (onetownmanyvoices.com)
  • Actually, vagotomy is a lot less effective than H2 receptor inhibitors or proton pump inhibitors with regards to the inhibition of acidity secretion as well as the supplementary elevation of circulating gastrin amounts. (onetownmanyvoices.com)
  • Conclusion: The downmodulating impact of vagotomy on IgA levels may result from defective IgA secretion without affecting class switch recombination, whereas vagotomy evoked a proinflammatory response regarding MPO. (elsevierpure.com)
  • Acid secretion was reduced after vagotomy in each patient, even when tumors were not found or completely resected. (elsevier.com)
  • In addition, vagotomy augmented the inhibitory effect of H 2 -receptor antagonists on acid secretion. (elsevier.com)
  • Indications for parietal cell vagotomy without drainage in gastrointestinal surgery. (springer.com)
  • Jordan Jr PH, Thornby J. Parietal cell vagotomy performed with fundoplication for esophageal reflux. (springer.com)
  • Surgical alternatives to the procedure include parietal cell vagotomy and truncal vagotomy . (orangecountysurgeons.org)
  • All types of vagotomy can be performed at open surgery (laparotomy) or using minimally invasive surgery (laparoscopy). (wikipedia.org)
  • Sites at which the three types of vagotomy are performed. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • For all types of vagotomy, the patient will be under general anesthesia. (practo.com)
  • and LP + HFvag group, which underwent vagotomy and also was kept at a high-fat diet. (hindawi.com)
  • The experimental group also underwent vagotomy. (medigraphic.com)
  • Furthermore, a 20+-yr follow-up research, including 5018 individuals who underwent gastric medical procedures or truncal vagotomy with either drainage or gastroenterostomy, demonstrated that of the 5 gastric ulcer individuals who underwent vagotomy, 1 case of tumor was observed in comparison to 0.6 instances expected through the first 19 postoperative years, thus yielding a mortality price of just one 1.7. (onetownmanyvoices.com)
  • An epidemiological research, including 7198 individuals, demonstrated that standardized occurrence percentage (SIR) of gastric tumor individuals identified as having gastric ulcer which underwent vagotomy was 1.5 following the first a decade and decreased to zero following the second a decade. (onetownmanyvoices.com)
  • It ought to be pointed out that SIR of gastric malignancy individuals identified as having duodenal ulcer which underwent vagotomy was 1.3 both following the 1st and the next. (onetownmanyvoices.com)
  • Individuals who underwent either truncal vagotomy with drainage or incomplete gastrectomy shown atrophic gastritis index 2.3 0.08 and 2.6 0.1, respectively, in comparison to nonoperated individuals with dysplasia in 1.8 0.08. (onetownmanyvoices.com)
  • Vagotomy with drainage or resection has been advocated for control of hemorrhage from stress-related gastric erosions despite the high rate of associated rebleeding. (uthscsa.edu)
  • Vagotomy is performed under general anesthesia by a surgeon in a hospital. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Laparoscopic vagotomy is performed under general anesthesia, which means that the patient is asleep and completely unaware during the procedure. (orangecountysurgeons.org)
  • Post-vagotomy diarrhea is a form of diarrhea which occurs in 10% of people after a truncal vagotomy, which can range from severe to debilitating in approximately 2% to 4% of patients. (wikipedia.org)
  • Surgical treatment for refractory post-vagotomy diarrhea is rarely needed and at least one year from the occurrence of symptoms should be allotted to ensure all non-surgical treatments have been appropriately explored. (wikipedia.org)
  • Colestyramine is also useful in treating post-vagotomy diarrhea. (wikipedia.org)
  • A plain vagotomy eliminates the parasympathetic supply from the stomach to the left side of the transverse colon. (wikipedia.org)
  • For the management of PUD, vagotomy is sometimes combined with antrectomy (removal of the distal half of the stomach) to reduce the rate of recurrence. (wikipedia.org)
  • A vagotomy is performed when acid production in the stomach can not be reduced by other means. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Vagotomy causes a decrease in peristalsis, and a change in the emptying patterns of the stomach. (encyclopedia.com)
  • selective vagotomy division of the vagal fibers to the stomach with preservation of the hepatic and celiac branches. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Vagotomy procedures are used to help treat stomach ulcers. (german-medicalgroup.com)
  • Laparoscopic vagotomy may be performed to reduce stomach acid secretions, repair ulcers or reduce hunger in obese patients. (orangecountysurgeons.org)
  • The present study was performed to evaluate the rate of whole stomach emptying (WSE) in streptozotocin (STZ) induced rat model of diabetes mellitus by assessing the effect of bilateral gastric vagotomy in control as well as in experimental animals . (bvsalud.org)
  • Truncal vagotomy is a treatment option for chronic duodenal ulcers. (wikipedia.org)
  • Vagotomy is rarely performed as a 'stand-alone' procedure except for treatment of chronic duodenal ulcers. (uptodate.com)
  • The frequency with which elective vagotomy is performed has decreased in the past 20 years as drugs have become increasingly effective in treating ulcers. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Patients who receive vagotomies are most often seen in emergency situations where bleeding and perforated ulcers make it necessary to act immediately. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Marginal ulcers (MUs) occur in approximately 1% of patients after bariatric surgery, especially Roux-en-Y gastric bypass. (ctsnet.org)
  • Marginal ulcers are a known complication of Roux-en-Y gastric bypass, and may be refractory to maximal medical management. (ctsnet.org)
  • While feeling that no operation can be used for every patient, it has been routine practice for many years in Doctor R. L. Holt's surgical unit at Manchester Royal Infirmary, England, to treat most chronic duodenal ulcers by the operation of vagotomy and "anterior pylorectomy. (jamanetwork.com)
  • Vagotomy typically used to treat ulcers, was promoted by surgeons in the 1980s as a weight loss procedure since it led to a feeling of fullness in patients who had the procedure. (ahrmm.org)
  • Eight healthy pigs were subjected to bilateral vagotomy, regarded as parasympathetic denervation, and ten pigs were sham operated. (actapress.com)
  • To test the hypothesis that afferent input from peripheral mechanoreceptors (arterial and cardiopulmonary baroreceptors) and chemoreceptors contribute to the sympathoexcitatory and hormonal responses at birth, we studied the effects of sinoaortic denervation (SAD) and SAD with vagotomy (Vx) on changes in HR, mean arterial blood pressure (MABP), renal sympathetic nerve activity (RSNA), and catecholamine, arginine vasopressin (AVP), and ANG II levels at birth in term sheep. (physiology.org)
  • The gastroprotective effect was reduced following acute bilateral cervical vagotomy. (aspetjournals.org)
  • Effects of acetylcholine on action potential characteristics of atrial and ventricular myocardium after bilateral cervical vagotomy in the cat. (elsevier.com)
  • To determine whether chronic withdrawal of cholinergic tone might influence the subsequent response of these tissues to cholinergic stimulation, we examined the effect of acetylcholine on the action potentials of atrial and ventricular myocytes from cats with intact vagi and cats after chronic bilateral cervical vagotomy. (elsevier.com)
  • Following bilateral cervical vagotomy, physostigmine (10(-6) M) failed to alter atrial tension development or action potential duration. (elsevier.com)
  • Acetylcholine produced shortening of the action potential duration in atrial muscle from cats with intact vagi and in cats following bilateral cervical vagotomy. (elsevier.com)
  • However, the degree of shortening produced by acetylcholine after bilateral cervical vagotomy was significantly greater (P less than 0.001). (elsevier.com)
  • In ventricular muscle from cats after bilateral cervical vagotomy, acetylcholine shortened the action potential duration. (elsevier.com)
  • Methods and Results- Rats were subjected to bilateral cervical vagotomy (VGX) or sham surgical procedures. (ahajournals.org)
  • Bunch G, Shields R. The effects of vagotomy on the intestinal handling of water and electrolytes. (medigraphic.com)
  • The efficacy of vagotomy is difficult to measure separately from the primary procedure, and the outcomes of patients undergoing peptic ulcer disease surgery depend mostly on the success of the primary procedures. (uptodate.com)
  • Often, other gastrointestinal surgery is performed at the same time as the vagotomy. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Thoracoscopic vagotomy. (encyclopedia.com)
  • She underwent a successful right thoracoscopic (VATS) truncal vagotomy, which she tolerated well. (ctsnet.org)
  • Right thoracoscopic (VATS) truncal vagotomy is an effective therapy in selected patients. (ctsnet.org)
  • Thoracoscopic truncal vagotomy (TTV) may be a safer alternative with decreased operative times. (springermedizin.de)
  • Our results demonstrate that thoracoscopic vagotomy may be a better alternative with decreased operative times and similar effectiveness. (springermedizin.de)
  • Kux E (1953) Combined thoracoscopic vagotomy and sympathectomy in ulcus duodeni. (springermedizin.de)
  • Vagotomy is an essential component of surgical management of peptic (duodenal and gastric) ulcer disease (PUD). (wikipedia.org)
  • The use of vagotomy in treating complicated peptic ulcer disease and the technical aspects of performing vagotomy will be reviewed here. (uptodate.com)
  • Vagotomy is indicated for patients who develop acute complications from peptic ulcer disease (ie, bleeding, perforation, obstruction) or chronic intractable symptoms such as pain, despite being on maximally tolerated medical therapies. (uptodate.com)
  • While the primary procedure is chosen to treat the complication, vagotomy is typically added to prevent ulcer recurrence, especially in patients who are refractory to or intolerant of maximal medical therapy. (uptodate.com)
  • 14 duodenal-ulcer (D.U.) patients were studied before and after truncal vagotomy. (nih.gov)
  • Coblijn UK, Lagarde SM, de Castro SMM, Kuiken SD, van Wagensveld BA (2015) Symptomatic marginal ulcer disease after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass: incidence, risk factors and management. (springermedizin.de)
  • Coblijn UK, Goucham AB, Lagarde SM, Kuiken SD, Van Wagensveld BA (2014) Development of ulcer disease after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass, incidence, risk factors, and patient presentation: a systematic review. (springermedizin.de)
  • Post-vagotomy insulin test: improved predictability of ulcer r. (mysciencework.com)
  • Post-vagotomy insulin test: improved predictability of ulcer recurrence after corrections for height and collection errors. (mysciencework.com)
  • Thus, it might be of interest to learn whether vagotomy that was performed in gastric ulcer individuals could raise the threat of gastric tumor. (onetownmanyvoices.com)
  • NR1 subunit of NMDA receptor antagonist 7-chlorokynurenic acid, adenoviral injection of NR1 short hairpin RNA (shRNA), and hepatic vagotomy also nullified glycine's effect. (ahajournals.org)
  • We investigated the effects of hepatic vagotomy on the suppression of water intake induced by hepatic portal infusion of water by 24-h water-deprived rats. (elsevier.com)
  • Kobashi, M & Adachi, A 1993, ' Effects of hepatic vagotomy on suppression of water intake induced by hepatic portal infusion of water in water-deprived rats ', Neuroscience Letters , vol. 150, no. 1, pp. 68-70. (elsevier.com)
  • The indications for a laparoscopic vagotomy are the same as open vagotomy. (encyclopedia.com)
  • What is Laparoscopic Vagotomy? (orangecountysurgeons.org)
  • Non-surgical alternatives to laparoscopic vagotomy include dietary restrictions, antacids and medications that reduce the production of acid. (orangecountysurgeons.org)
  • Possible risks following laparoscopic vagotomy include infection, bleeding and a negative reaction to the anesthesia. (orangecountysurgeons.org)
  • The effects of the nitric oxide synthase inhibitor on the response to histamine were mimicked by vagotomy or selective nerve blockade with tetrodotoxin. (lexico.com)
  • Threat of Gastric Tumor after Vagotomy BTZ038 in Human beings and Animal Versions Surgical treatment such as for example BTZ038 incomplete gastrectomy or vagotomy offers traditionally been regarded as associated with an elevated threat of gastric tumor because of the supplementary hypochlorhydric circumstances in the abdomen [21-26]. (onetownmanyvoices.com)
  • Therefore, there is no evidence compared to that vagotomy or incomplete gastrectomy may lead to either an elevated risk of tumor or precancerous lesions [27]. (onetownmanyvoices.com)
  • The aim of the current study was to investigate the impacts of dexmedetomidine HCl (Dex) on the heart rate in the rabbits with bilateral vagotomy or sympathectomy. (alliedacademies.org)
  • After being anesthetized, group V and S were performed bilateral vagotomy and sympathectomy, respectively, but group C were retained the bilateral autonomic nerves. (alliedacademies.org)
  • What are the indications of Vagotomy? (practo.com)
  • When surgical interventions are required, technological advances have allowed vagotomy to be performed with minimally invasive techniques with fewer procedure-related complications [ 3 ]. (uptodate.com)
  • In control and CNH exposed rabbits, bilateral vagotomy had no apparent effect on the short- and long-term HRV in the Poincaré plots. (conicyt.cl)
  • The microscopic study of the morphological changes in the rabbit pancreas were investigated after vagotomy. (edu.qa)
  • Measurement of the fasting blood glucose level at different intervals of time post operatively and also the glucose tolerance test confirmed the structural changes of the islets of the pancreas after vagotomy. (edu.qa)
  • citation needed] Selective vagotomy includes division of the anterior and posterior gastric nerves of Latarjet only (after celiac/hepatic branches have been given off). (wikipedia.org)
  • Truncal vagotomy to reduce gastric acid production is the preferred surgical management approach. (lexico.com)
  • Thus, vagotomy decreased the acid secretory response to endogenous hypergastrinemia. (elsevier.com)
  • Vagotomy" is a descriptor in the National Library of Medicine's controlled vocabulary thesaurus, MeSH (Medical Subject Headings) . (harvard.edu)
  • The authors present the case of a 32-year-old woman with intractable MUs after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass, which were refractory to maximal medical management. (ctsnet.org)
  • Use of vagotomy improves the course of experimental acute pancreatitis in early stages in Wistar rats. (medigraphic.com)
  • Effect of experimental diabetes and vagotomy on gastric emptying in rats. (bvsalud.org)
  • We report the preliminary results of an experimental study investigating the changes in serum nitric oxide levels in rats undergoing laparoscopic (LBTV) versus open (OBTV) bilateral truncal vagotomy. (acibadem.edu.tr)
  • Vagotomy prevented obesity , reducing 25% of body fat stores and ameliorated glucose homeostasis in Mvag rats . (bvsalud.org)
  • Vagotomy improved whole body nutrient homeostasis and endocrine pancreatic morphofunction in Mvag rats . (bvsalud.org)
  • Singer M, Niebel W, Uhde K. Dose-response effects of atropine on pancreatic response to secretin before and after truncal vagotomy. (medigraphic.com)
  • Structural changes were observed in the pancreatic acinar cells and in the islets of langerhans two and three weeks after vagotomy. (edu.qa)
  • The use of vagotomy to treat obesity is now being studied. (wikipedia.org)
  • This two site study will evaluate the safety and effectiveness of laparoscopic truncal vagotomy for the treatment of obesity with baseline study and 18 month post op follow up. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • Vagotomy Reduces Insulin Clearance in Obese Mice Programmed by Low-Protein Diet in the Adolescence," Neural Plasticity , vol. 2017, Article ID 9652978, 7 pages, 2017. (hindawi.com)
  • In contrast, the threshold of PBG-induced vomiting was increased by supradiaphragmatic vagotomy and greatly increased by splanchnic nerve section. (aspetjournals.org)
  • Over 18 months, post operative tests of adequate vagotomy, weight loss, change in body composition and metabolism will be studied. (clinicaltrials.gov)