Coronavirus: A genus of the family CORONAVIRIDAE which causes respiratory or gastrointestinal disease in a variety of vertebrates.Coronavirus Infections: Virus diseases caused by the CORONAVIRUS genus. Some specifics include transmissible enteritis of turkeys (ENTERITIS, TRANSMISSIBLE, OF TURKEYS); FELINE INFECTIOUS PERITONITIS; and transmissible gastroenteritis of swine (GASTROENTERITIS, TRANSMISSIBLE, OF SWINE).Coronavirus 229E, Human: A species in the genus CORONAVIRUS causing the common cold and possibly nervous system infections in humans. It lacks hemagglutinin-esterase.Spike Glycoprotein, Coronavirus: A class I viral fusion protein that forms the characteristic spikes, or peplomers, found on the viral surface that mediate virus attachment, fusion, and entry into the host cell. During virus maturation, it is cleaved into two subunits: S1, which binds to receptors in the host cell, and S2, which mediates membrane fusion.Coronavirus, Bovine: A species of CORONAVIRUS infecting neonatal calves, presenting as acute diarrhea, and frequently leading to death.SARS Virus: A species of CORONAVIRUS causing atypical respiratory disease (SEVERE ACUTE RESPIRATORY SYNDROME) in humans. The organism is believed to have first emerged in Guangdong Province, China, in 2002. The natural host is the Chinese horseshoe bat, RHINOLOPHUS sinicus.Vaccines: Suspensions of killed or attenuated microorganisms (bacteria, viruses, fungi, protozoa), antigenic proteins, synthetic constructs, or other bio-molecular derivatives, administered for the prevention, amelioration, or treatment of infectious and other diseases.Coronavirus OC43, Human: A species in the genus CORONAVIRUS causing the common cold and possibly nervous system infections in humans. It contains hemagglutinin-esterase.Coronavirus, Feline: A species of CORONAVIRUS infecting cats of all ages and commonly found in catteries and zoos. Cats are often found carrying the virus but only a small proportion develop disease. Feline coronavirus and Feline infectious peritonitis virus (FIPV) are virtually the same virus in genetic and antigenetic terms, and are morphologically indistinguishable. Since they only differ in their disease potential (with FIPV causing a more serious illness), they are considered biotypes of each other.Coronaviridae: Spherical RNA viruses, in the order NIDOVIRALES, infecting a wide range of animals including humans. Transmission is by fecal-oral and respiratory routes. Mechanical transmission is also common. There are two genera: CORONAVIRUS and TOROVIRUS.Coronavirus, Canine: A species of CORONAVIRUS infecting dogs. Onset of symptoms is usually sudden and includes vomiting, diarrhea, and dehydration.Vaccines, Inactivated: Vaccines in which the infectious microbial nucleic acid components have been destroyed by chemical or physical treatment (e.g., formalin, beta-propiolactone, gamma radiation) without affecting the antigenicity or immunogenicity of the viral coat or bacterial outer membrane proteins.Viral Vaccines: Suspensions of attenuated or killed viruses administered for the prevention or treatment of infectious viral disease.Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome: A viral disorder characterized by high FEVER, dry COUGH, shortness of breath (DYSPNEA) or breathing difficulties, and atypical PNEUMONIA. A virus in the genus CORONAVIRUS is the suspected agent.Coronaviridae Infections: Virus diseases caused by CORONAVIRIDAE.Murine hepatitis virus: A species of the CORONAVIRUS genus causing hepatitis in mice. Four strains have been identified as MHV 1, MHV 2, MHV 3, and MHV 4 (also known as MHV-JHM, which is neurotropic and causes disseminated encephalomyelitis with demyelination as well as focal liver necrosis).Vaccines, DNA: Recombinant DNA vectors encoding antigens administered for the prevention or treatment of disease. The host cells take up the DNA, express the antigen, and present it to the immune system in a manner similar to that which would occur during natural infection. This induces humoral and cellular immune responses against the encoded antigens. The vector is called naked DNA because there is no need for complex formulations or delivery agents; the plasmid is injected in saline or other buffers.Vaccines, Synthetic: Small synthetic peptides that mimic surface antigens of pathogens and are immunogenic, or vaccines manufactured with the aid of recombinant DNA techniques. The latter vaccines may also be whole viruses whose nucleic acids have been modified.Vaccines, Combined: Two or more vaccines in a single dosage form.Bacterial Vaccines: Suspensions of attenuated or killed bacteria administered for the prevention or treatment of infectious bacterial disease.Transmissible gastroenteritis virus: A species of CORONAVIRUS causing a fatal disease to pigs under 3 weeks old.AIDS Vaccines: Vaccines or candidate vaccines containing inactivated HIV or some of its component antigens and designed to prevent or treat AIDS. Some vaccines containing antigens are recombinantly produced.Infectious bronchitis virus: A species of CORONAVIRUS causing infections in chickens and possibly pheasants. Chicks up to four weeks old are the most severely affected.Dogs: The domestic dog, Canis familiaris, comprising about 400 breeds, of the carnivore family CANIDAE. They are worldwide in distribution and live in association with people. (Walker's Mammals of the World, 5th ed, p1065)Vaccines, Subunit: Vaccines consisting of one or more antigens that stimulate a strong immune response. They are purified from microorganisms or produced by recombinant DNA techniques, or they can be chemically synthesized peptides.Vaccines, Conjugate: Semisynthetic vaccines consisting of polysaccharide antigens from microorganisms attached to protein carrier molecules. The carrier protein is recognized by macrophages and T-cells thus enhancing immunity. Conjugate vaccines induce antibody formation in people not responsive to polysaccharide alone, induce higher levels of antibody, and show a booster response on repeated injection.Coronavirus NL63, Human: A species in the genus CORONAVIRUS causing upper and lower RESPIRATORY TRACT INFECTIONS. It shares the receptor used by the SARS VIRUS.Vaccination: Administration of vaccines to stimulate the host's immune response. This includes any preparation intended for active immunological prophylaxis.Nucleocapsid Proteins: Viral proteins found in either the NUCLEOCAPSID or the viral core (VIRAL CORE PROTEINS).Dog Diseases: Diseases of the domestic dog (Canis familiaris). This term does not include diseases of wild dogs, WOLVES; FOXES; and other Canidae for which the heading CARNIVORA is used.Antibodies, Viral: Immunoglobulins produced in response to VIRAL ANTIGENS.Malaria Vaccines: Vaccines made from antigens arising from any of the four strains of Plasmodium which cause malaria in humans, or from P. berghei which causes malaria in rodents.Papillomavirus Vaccines: Vaccines or candidate vaccines used to prevent PAPILLOMAVIRUS INFECTIONS. Human vaccines are intended to reduce the incidence of UTERINE CERVICAL NEOPLASMS, so they are sometimes considered a type of CANCER VACCINES. They are often composed of CAPSID PROTEINS, especially L1 protein, from various types of ALPHAPAPILLOMAVIRUS.Coronavirus, Rat: A species of CORONAVIRUS causing pneumonia in newborn rats but a clinically inapparent infection in adults. It is separate but antigenically related to MURINE HEPATITIS VIRUS.Viral Envelope Proteins: Layers of protein which surround the capsid in animal viruses with tubular nucleocapsids. The envelope consists of an inner layer of lipids and virus specified proteins also called membrane or matrix proteins. The outer layer consists of one or more types of morphological subunits called peplomers which project from the viral envelope; this layer always consists of glycoproteins.Meningococcal Vaccines: Vaccines or candidate vaccines used to prevent infection with NEISSERIA MENINGITIDIS.Coronavirus, Turkey: A species of CORONAVIRUS causing enteritis in turkeys and pullets.Porcine Respiratory Coronavirus: A mutant strain of TRANSMISSIBLE GASTROENTERITIS VIRUS causing mild or subclinical respiratory infections in young SWINE. It may also play a role in post-weaning porcine respiratory disease complex, especially when combined with other respiratory agents.Molecular Sequence Data: Descriptions of specific amino acid, carbohydrate, or nucleotide sequences which have appeared in the published literature and/or are deposited in and maintained by databanks such as GENBANK, European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), National Biomedical Research Foundation (NBRF), or other sequence repositories.Hepatitis B Vaccines: Vaccines or candidate vaccines containing inactivated hepatitis B or some of its component antigens and designed to prevent hepatitis B. Some vaccines may be recombinantly produced.Measles Vaccine: A live attenuated virus vaccine of chick embryo origin, used for routine immunization of children and for immunization of adolescents and adults who have not had measles or been immunized with live measles vaccine and have no serum antibodies against measles. Children are usually immunized with measles-mumps-rubella combination vaccine. (From Dorland, 28th ed)Pertussis Vaccine: A suspension of killed Bordetella pertussis organisms, used for immunization against pertussis (WHOOPING COUGH). It is generally used in a mixture with diphtheria and tetanus toxoids (DTP). There is an acellular pertussis vaccine prepared from the purified antigenic components of Bordetella pertussis, which causes fewer adverse reactions than whole-cell vaccine and, like the whole-cell vaccine, is generally used in a mixture with diphtheria and tetanus toxoids. (From Dorland, 28th ed)Vero Cells: A CELL LINE derived from the kidney of the African green (vervet) monkey, (CERCOPITHECUS AETHIOPS) used primarily in virus replication studies and plaque assays.Rabies Vaccines: Vaccines or candidate vaccines used to prevent and treat RABIES. The inactivated virus vaccine is used for preexposure immunization to persons at high risk of exposure, and in conjunction with rabies immunoglobulin, for postexposure prophylaxis.Haemophilus Vaccines: Vaccines or candidate vaccines containing antigenic polysaccharides from Haemophilus influenzae and designed to prevent infection. The vaccine can contain the polysaccharides alone or more frequently polysaccharides conjugated to carrier molecules. It is also seen as a combined vaccine with diphtheria-tetanus-pertussis vaccine.BCG Vaccine: An active immunizing agent and a viable avirulent attenuated strain of Mycobacterium tuberculosis, var. bovis, which confers immunity to mycobacterial infections. It is used also in immunotherapy of neoplasms due to its stimulation of antibodies and non-specific immunity.Poliovirus Vaccine, Inactivated: A suspension of formalin-inactivated poliovirus grown in monkey kidney cell tissue culture and used to prevent POLIOMYELITIS.Rotavirus Vaccines: Vaccines or candidate vaccines used to prevent infection with ROTAVIRUS.Cholera Vaccines: Vaccines or candidate vaccines used to prevent infection with VIBRIO CHOLERAE. The original cholera vaccine consisted of killed bacteria, but other kinds of vaccines now exist.Feline Infectious Peritonitis: Common coronavirus infection of cats caused by the feline infectious peritonitis virus (CORONAVIRUS, FELINE). The disease is characterized by a long incubation period, fever, depression, loss of appetite, wasting, and progressive abdominal enlargement. Infection of cells of the monocyte-macrophage lineage appears to be essential in FIP pathogenesis.Cercopithecus aethiops: A species of CERCOPITHECUS containing three subspecies: C. tantalus, C. pygerythrus, and C. sabeus. They are found in the forests and savannah of Africa. The African green monkey (C. pygerythrus) is the natural host of SIMIAN IMMUNODEFICIENCY VIRUS and is used in AIDS research.RNA, Viral: Ribonucleic acid that makes up the genetic material of viruses.Typhoid-Paratyphoid Vaccines: Vaccines used to prevent TYPHOID FEVER and/or PARATYPHOID FEVER which are caused by various species of SALMONELLA. Attenuated, subunit, and inactivated forms of the vaccines exist.Smallpox Vaccine: A live VACCINIA VIRUS vaccine of calf lymph or chick embryo origin, used for immunization against smallpox. It is now recommended only for laboratory workers exposed to smallpox virus. Certain countries continue to vaccinate those in the military service. Complications that result from smallpox vaccination include vaccinia, secondary bacterial infections, and encephalomyelitis. (Dorland, 28th ed)Neutralization Tests: The measurement of infection-blocking titer of ANTISERA by testing a series of dilutions for a given virus-antiserum interaction end-point, which is generally the dilution at which tissue cultures inoculated with the serum-virus mixtures demonstrate cytopathology (CPE) or the dilution at which 50% of test animals injected with serum-virus mixtures show infectivity (ID50) or die (LD50).Cell Line: Established cell cultures that have the potential to propagate indefinitely.Tuberculosis Vaccines: Vaccines or candidate vaccines used to prevent or treat TUBERCULOSIS.Chickenpox Vaccine: A live, attenuated varicella virus vaccine used for immunization against chickenpox. It is recommended for children between the ages of 12 months and 13 years.Amino Acid Sequence: The order of amino acids as they occur in a polypeptide chain. This is referred to as the primary structure of proteins. It is of fundamental importance in determining PROTEIN CONFORMATION.Membrane Glycoproteins: Glycoproteins found on the membrane or surface of cells.Diphtheria-Tetanus-Pertussis Vaccine: A vaccine consisting of DIPHTHERIA TOXOID; TETANUS TOXOID; and whole-cell PERTUSSIS VACCINE. The vaccine protects against diphtheria, tetanus, and whooping cough.Virus Replication: The process of intracellular viral multiplication, consisting of the synthesis of PROTEINS; NUCLEIC ACIDS; and sometimes LIPIDS, and their assembly into a new infectious particle.Mumps Vaccine: Vaccines used to prevent infection by MUMPS VIRUS. Best known is the live attenuated virus vaccine of chick embryo origin, used for routine immunization of children and for immunization of adolescents and adults who have not had mumps or been immunized with live mumps vaccine. Children are usually immunized with measles-mumps-rubella combination vaccine.Viral Proteins: Proteins found in any species of virus.Hepatitis A Vaccines: Vaccines or candidate vaccines used to prevent infection with hepatitis A virus (HEPATOVIRUS).Distemper Virus, Canine: A species of MORBILLIVIRUS causing distemper in dogs, wolves, foxes, raccoons, and ferrets. Pinnipeds have also been known to contract Canine distemper virus from contact with domestic dogs.Genome, Viral: The complete genetic complement contained in a DNA or RNA molecule in a virus.Gastroenteritis, Transmissible, of Swine: A condition of chronic gastroenteritis in adult pigs and fatal gastroenteritis in piglets caused by a CORONAVIRUS.Immunization Schedule: Schedule giving optimum times usually for primary and/or secondary immunization.Adjuvants, Immunologic: Substances that augment, stimulate, activate, potentiate, or modulate the immune response at either the cellular or humoral level. The classical agents (Freund's adjuvant, BCG, Corynebacterium parvum, et al.) contain bacterial antigens. Some are endogenous (e.g., histamine, interferon, transfer factor, tuftsin, interleukin-1). Their mode of action is either non-specific, resulting in increased immune responsiveness to a wide variety of antigens, or antigen-specific, i.e., affecting a restricted type of immune response to a narrow group of antigens. The therapeutic efficacy of many biological response modifiers is related to their antigen-specific immunoadjuvanticity.Immunization, Secondary: Any immunization following a primary immunization and involving exposure to the same or a closely related antigen.Measles-Mumps-Rubella Vaccine: A combined vaccine used to prevent MEASLES; MUMPS; and RUBELLA.Mice, Inbred BALB CImmunization: Deliberate stimulation of the host's immune response. ACTIVE IMMUNIZATION involves administration of ANTIGENS or IMMUNOLOGIC ADJUVANTS. PASSIVE IMMUNIZATION involves administration of IMMUNE SERA or LYMPHOCYTES or their extracts (e.g., transfer factor, immune RNA) or transplantation of immunocompetent cell producing tissue (thymus or bone marrow).Streptococcal Vaccines: Vaccines or candidate vaccines used to prevent STREPTOCOCCAL INFECTIONS.Anthrax Vaccines: Vaccines or candidate vaccines used to prevent ANTHRAX.Dengue Vaccines: Vaccines or candidate vaccines used to prevent infection with DENGUE VIRUS. These include live-attenuated, subunit, DNA, and inactivated vaccines.Base Sequence: The sequence of PURINES and PYRIMIDINES in nucleic acids and polynucleotides. It is also called nucleotide sequence.Receptors, Virus: Specific molecular components of the cell capable of recognizing and interacting with a virus, and which, after binding it, are capable of generating some signal that initiates the chain of events leading to the biological response.Vaccines, Virosome: Vaccines using VIROSOMES as the antigen delivery system that stimulates the desired immune response.Antibodies, Neutralizing: Antibodies that reduce or abolish some biological activity of a soluble antigen or infectious agent, usually a virus.Viverridae: The family of civets which are small and medium-sized Old World carnivores, often striped or spotted.Parvovirus, Canine: A species of the genus PARVOVIRUS and a host range variant of FELINE PANLEUKOPENIA VIRUS. It causes a highly infectious fulminating ENTERITIS in dogs producing high mortality. It is distinct from CANINE MINUTE VIRUS, a species in the genus BOCAVIRUS. This virus can also infect cats and mink.Viral Hepatitis Vaccines: Any vaccine raised against any virus or viral derivative that causes hepatitis.Antigens, Viral: Substances elaborated by viruses that have antigenic activity.Antibodies, Bacterial: Immunoglobulins produced in a response to BACTERIAL ANTIGENS.Poliovirus Vaccine, Oral: A live vaccine containing attenuated poliovirus, types I, II, and III, grown in monkey kidney cell tissue culture, used for routine immunization of children against polio. This vaccine induces long-lasting intestinal and humoral immunity. Killed vaccine induces only humoral immunity. Oral poliovirus vaccine should not be administered to immunocompromised individuals or their household contacts. (Dorland, 28th ed)Yellow Fever Vaccine: Vaccine used to prevent YELLOW FEVER. It consists of a live attenuated 17D strain of the YELLOW FEVER VIRUS.Plague Vaccine: A suspension of killed Yersinia pestis used for immunizing people in enzootic plague areas.Fungal Vaccines: Suspensions of attenuated or killed fungi administered for the prevention or treatment of infectious fungal disease.Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay: An immunoassay utilizing an antibody labeled with an enzyme marker such as horseradish peroxidase. While either the enzyme or the antibody is bound to an immunosorbent substrate, they both retain their biologic activity; the change in enzyme activity as a result of the enzyme-antibody-antigen reaction is proportional to the concentration of the antigen and can be measured spectrophotometrically or with the naked eye. Many variations of the method have been developed.Viral Matrix Proteins: Proteins associated with the inner surface of the lipid bilayer of the viral envelope. These proteins have been implicated in control of viral transcription and may possibly serve as the "glue" that binds the nucleocapsid to the appropriate membrane site during viral budding from the host cell.Respiratory Tract Infections: Invasion of the host RESPIRATORY SYSTEM by microorganisms, usually leading to pathological processes or diseases.Rubella Vaccine: A live attenuated virus vaccine of duck embryo or human diploid cell tissue culture origin, used for routine immunization of children and for immunization of nonpregnant adolescent and adult females of childbearing age who are unimmunized and do not have serum antibodies to rubella. Children are usually immunized with measles-mumps-rubella combination vaccine. (Dorland, 28th ed)Immunoglobulin G: The major immunoglobulin isotype class in normal human serum. There are several isotype subclasses of IgG, for example, IgG1, IgG2A, and IgG2B.Viral Nonstructural Proteins: Proteins encoded by a VIRAL GENOME that are produced in the organisms they infect, but not packaged into the VIRUS PARTICLES. Some of these proteins may play roles within the infected cell during VIRUS REPLICATION or act in regulation of virus replication or VIRUS ASSEMBLY.Vaccines, Acellular: Vaccines that are produced by using only the antigenic part of the disease causing organism. They often require a "booster" every few years to maintain their effectiveness.Influenza, Human: An acute viral infection in humans involving the respiratory tract. It is marked by inflammation of the NASAL MUCOSA; the PHARYNX; and conjunctiva, and by headache and severe, often generalized, myalgia.Cats: The domestic cat, Felis catus, of the carnivore family FELIDAE, comprising over 30 different breeds. The domestic cat is descended primarily from the wild cat of Africa and extreme southwestern Asia. Though probably present in towns in Palestine as long ago as 7000 years, actual domestication occurred in Egypt about 4000 years ago. (From Walker's Mammals of the World, 6th ed, p801)SAIDS Vaccines: Vaccines or candidate vaccines designed to prevent SAIDS; (SIMIAN ACQUIRED IMMUNODEFICIENCY SYNDROME); and containing inactivated SIMIAN IMMUNODEFICIENCY VIRUS or type D retroviruses or some of their component antigens.Salmonella Vaccines: Vaccines or candidate vaccines used to prevent infection with SALMONELLA. This includes vaccines used to prevent TYPHOID FEVER or PARATYPHOID FEVER; (TYPHOID-PARATYPHOID VACCINES), and vaccines used to prevent nontyphoid salmonellosis.RNA Replicase: An enzyme that catalyses RNA-template-directed extension of the 3'- end of an RNA strand by one nucleotide at a time, and can initiate a chain de novo. (Enzyme Nomenclature, 1992, p293)Vaccines, Virus-Like Particle: Vaccines using supra-molecular structures composed of multiple copies of recombinantly expressed viral structural proteins. They are often antigentically indistinguishable from the virus from which they were derived.Ebola Vaccines: Vaccines or candidate vaccines used to prevent EBOLA HEMORRHAGIC FEVER.Injections, Intramuscular: Forceful administration into a muscle of liquid medication, nutrient, or other fluid through a hollow needle piercing the muscle and any tissue covering it.Hemagglutination Inhibition Tests: Serologic tests in which a known quantity of antigen is added to the serum prior to the addition of a red cell suspension. Reaction result is expressed as the smallest amount of antigen which causes complete inhibition of hemagglutination.Nucleocapsid: A protein-nucleic acid complex which forms part or all of a virion. It consists of a CAPSID plus enclosed nucleic acid. Depending on the virus, the nucleocapsid may correspond to a naked core or be surrounded by a membranous envelope.Administration, Intranasal: Delivery of medications through the nasal mucosa.Antigens, CD13: Zinc-binding metalloproteases that are members of the type II integral membrane metalloproteases. They are expressed by GRANULOCYTES; MONOCYTES; and their precursors as well as by various non-hematopoietic cells. They release an N-terminal amino acid from a peptide, amide or arylamide.Enteritis, Transmissible, of Turkeys: An acute, highly contagious virus disease of turkeys characterized by chilling, anorexia, decreased water intake, diarrhea, dehydration and weight loss. The infectious agent is a CORONAVIRUS.Open Reading Frames: A sequence of successive nucleotide triplets that are read as CODONS specifying AMINO ACIDS and begin with an INITIATOR CODON and end with a stop codon (CODON, TERMINATOR).Antibody Formation: The production of ANTIBODIES by proliferating and differentiated B-LYMPHOCYTES under stimulation by ANTIGENS.Staphylococcal VaccinesDiphtheria-Tetanus-acellular Pertussis Vaccines: Combined vaccines consisting of DIPHTHERIA TOXOID; TETANUS TOXOID; and an acellular form of PERTUSSIS VACCINE. At least five different purified antigens of B. pertussis have been used in various combinations in these vaccines.Genetic Vectors: DNA molecules capable of autonomous replication within a host cell and into which other DNA sequences can be inserted and thus amplified. Many are derived from PLASMIDS; BACTERIOPHAGES; or VIRUSES. They are used for transporting foreign genes into recipient cells. Genetic vectors possess a functional replicator site and contain GENETIC MARKERS to facilitate their selective recognition.Cuspid: The third tooth to the left and to the right of the midline of either jaw, situated between the second INCISOR and the premolar teeth (BICUSPID). (Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p817)Phylogeny: The relationships of groups of organisms as reflected by their genetic makeup.Cytomegalovirus Vaccines: Vaccines or candidate vaccines used to prevent infection with CYTOMEGALOVIRUS.Communicable Diseases, Emerging: Infectious diseases that are novel in their outbreak ranges (geographic and host) or transmission mode.Immunization Programs: Organized services to administer immunization procedures in the prevention of various diseases. The programs are made available over a wide range of sites: schools, hospitals, public health agencies, voluntary health agencies, etc. They are administered to an equally wide range of population groups or on various administrative levels: community, municipal, state, national, international.Defective Viruses: Viruses which lack a complete genome so that they cannot completely replicate or cannot form a protein coat. Some are host-dependent defectives, meaning they can replicate only in cell systems which provide the particular genetic function which they lack. Others, called SATELLITE VIRUSES, are able to replicate only when their genetic defect is complemented by a helper virus.Hemagglutinins, Viral: Specific hemagglutinin subtypes encoded by VIRUSES.Diphtheria-Tetanus Vaccine: A combined vaccine used to prevent infection with diphtheria and tetanus toxoid. This is used in place of DTP vaccine (DIPHTHERIA-TETANUS-PERTUSSIS VACCINE) when PERTUSSIS VACCINE is contraindicated.Poliovirus Vaccines: Vaccines used to prevent POLIOMYELITIS. They include inactivated (POLIOVIRUS VACCINE, INACTIVATED) and oral vaccines (POLIOVIRUS VACCINE, ORAL).Virus Internalization: The entering of cells by viruses following VIRUS ATTACHMENT. This is achieved by ENDOCYTOSIS, by direct MEMBRANE FUSION of the viral membrane with the CELL MEMBRANE, or by translocation of the whole virus across the cell membrane.Cross Reactions: Serological reactions in which an antiserum against one antigen reacts with a non-identical but closely related antigen.Swine: Any of various animals that constitute the family Suidae and comprise stout-bodied, short-legged omnivorous mammals with thick skin, usually covered with coarse bristles, a rather long mobile snout, and small tail. Included are the genera Babyrousa, Phacochoerus (wart hogs), and Sus, the latter containing the domestic pig (see SUS SCROFA).Middle East: The region of southwest Asia and northeastern Africa usually considered as extending from Libya on the west to Afghanistan on the east. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988)Escherichia coli Vaccines: Vaccines or candidate vaccines used to prevent or treat both enterotoxigenic and enteropathogenic Escherichia coli infections.West Nile Virus Vaccines: Vaccines or candidate vaccines used to prevent infection with WEST NILE VIRUS.Sequence Analysis, DNA: A multistage process that includes cloning, physical mapping, subcloning, determination of the DNA SEQUENCE, and information analysis.Virion: The infective system of a virus, composed of the viral genome, a protein core, and a protein coat called a capsid, which may be naked or enclosed in a lipoprotein envelope called the peplos.Shigella Vaccines: Vaccines or candidate vaccines used to prevent bacillary dysentery (DYSENTERY, BACILLARY) caused by species of SHIGELLA.Cattle Diseases: Diseases of domestic cattle of the genus Bos. It includes diseases of cows, yaks, and zebus.Cattle: Domesticated bovine animals of the genus Bos, usually kept on a farm or ranch and used for the production of meat or dairy products or for heavy labor.Disease Outbreaks: Sudden increase in the incidence of a disease. The concept includes EPIDEMICS and PANDEMICS.Cat Diseases: Diseases of the domestic cat (Felis catus or F. domesticus). This term does not include diseases of the so-called big cats such as CHEETAHS; LIONS; tigers, cougars, panthers, leopards, and other Felidae for which the heading CARNIVORA is used.Cysteine Endopeptidases: ENDOPEPTIDASES which have a cysteine involved in the catalytic process. This group of enzymes is inactivated by CYSTEINE PROTEINASE INHIBITORS such as CYSTATINS and SULFHYDRYL REAGENTS.Genes, Viral: The functional hereditary units of VIRUSES.Chiroptera: Order of mammals whose members are adapted for flight. It includes bats, flying foxes, and fruit bats.Disease Models, Animal: Naturally occurring or experimentally induced animal diseases with pathological processes sufficiently similar to those of human diseases. They are used as study models for human diseases.Immunity, Humoral: Antibody-mediated immune response. Humoral immunity is brought about by ANTIBODY FORMATION, resulting from TH2 CELLS activating B-LYMPHOCYTES, followed by COMPLEMENT ACTIVATION.Herpes Zoster Vaccine: An attenuated vaccine used to prevent and/or treat HERPES ZOSTER, a disease caused by HUMAN HERPESVIRUS 3.Polysorbates: Sorbitan mono-9-octadecanoate poly(oxy-1,2-ethanediyl) derivatives; complex mixtures of polyoxyethylene ethers used as emulsifiers or dispersing agents in pharmaceuticals.Brucella Vaccine: A bacterial vaccine for the prevention of brucellosis in man and animal. Brucella abortus vaccine is used for the immunization of cattle, sheep, and goats.Hepatitis, Viral, Animal: INFLAMMATION of the LIVER in animals due to viral infection.Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction: A variation of the PCR technique in which cDNA is made from RNA via reverse transcription. The resultant cDNA is then amplified using standard PCR protocols.CD8-Positive T-Lymphocytes: A critical subpopulation of regulatory T-lymphocytes involved in MHC Class I-restricted interactions. They include both cytotoxic T-lymphocytes (T-LYMPHOCYTES, CYTOTOXIC) and CD8+ suppressor T-lymphocytes.Recombinant Proteins: Proteins prepared by recombinant DNA technology.Virus Shedding: The expelling of virus particles from the body. Important routes include the respiratory tract, genital tract, and intestinal tract. Virus shedding is an important means of vertical transmission (INFECTIOUS DISEASE TRANSMISSION, VERTICAL).Leishmaniasis Vaccines: Vaccines or candidate vaccines used to prevent infection with LEISHMANIA.Tetanus ToxoidChronology as Topic: The temporal sequence of events that have occurred.Virulence: The degree of pathogenicity within a group or species of microorganisms or viruses as indicated by case fatality rates and/or the ability of the organism to invade the tissues of the host. The pathogenic capacity of an organism is determined by its VIRULENCE FACTORS.Herpesvirus Vaccines: Vaccines or candidate vaccines used to prevent infection by any virus from the family HERPESVIRIDAE.Influenza A Virus, H1N1 Subtype: A subtype of INFLUENZA A VIRUS with the surface proteins hemagglutinin 1 and neuraminidase 1. The H1N1 subtype was responsible for the Spanish flu pandemic of 1918.Injections, Intradermal: The forcing into the skin of liquid medication, nutrient, or other fluid through a hollow needle, piercing the top skin layer.Vaccinia virus: The type species of ORTHOPOXVIRUS, related to COWPOX VIRUS, but whose true origin is unknown. It has been used as a live vaccine against SMALLPOX. It is also used as a vector for inserting foreign DNA into animals. Rabbitpox virus is a subspecies of VACCINIA VIRUS.Antigens, Bacterial: Substances elaborated by bacteria that have antigenic activity.Aluminum Hydroxide: A compound with many biomedical applications: as a gastric antacid, an antiperspirant, in dentifrices, as an emulsifier, as an adjuvant in bacterins and vaccines, in water purification, etc.Dysentery: Acute inflammation of the intestine associated with infectious DIARRHEA of various etiologies, generally acquired by eating contaminated food containing TOXINS, BIOLOGICAL derived from BACTERIA or other microorganisms. Dysentery is characterized initially by watery FECES then by bloody mucoid stools. It is often associated with ABDOMINAL PAIN; FEVER; and DEHYDRATION.Mice, Inbred C57BLViral Structural Proteins: Viral proteins that are components of the mature assembled VIRUS PARTICLES. They may include nucleocapsid core proteins (gag proteins), enzymes packaged within the virus particle (pol proteins), and membrane components (env proteins). These do not include the proteins encoded in the VIRAL GENOME that are produced in infected cells but which are not packaged in the mature virus particle,i.e. the so called non-structural proteins (VIRAL NONSTRUCTURAL PROTEINS).Polyproteins: Proteins which are synthesized as a single polymer and then cleaved into several distinct proteins.Alum Compounds: Aluminum metal sulfate compounds used medically as astringents and for many industrial purposes. They are used in veterinary medicine for the treatment of ulcerative stomatitis, leukorrhea, conjunctivitis, pharyngitis, metritis, and minor wounds.Herpes Simplex Virus Vaccines: Vaccines or candidate vaccines used to prevent infection with viruses from the genus SIMPLEXVIRUS. This includes vaccines for HSV-1 and HSV-2.Diphtheria Toxoid: The formaldehyde-inactivated toxin of Corynebacterium diphtheriae. It is generally used in mixtures with TETANUS TOXOID and PERTUSSIS VACCINE; (DTP); or with tetanus toxoid alone (DT for pediatric use and Td, which contains 5- to 10-fold less diphtheria toxoid, for other use). Diphtheria toxoid is used for the prevention of diphtheria; DIPHTHERIA ANTITOXIN is for treatment.Time Factors: Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.SqualeneFeces: Excrement from the INTESTINES, containing unabsorbed solids, waste products, secretions, and BACTERIA of the DIGESTIVE SYSTEM.Immunity, Cellular: Manifestations of the immune response which are mediated by antigen-sensitized T-lymphocytes via lymphokines or direct cytotoxicity. This takes place in the absence of circulating antibody or where antibody plays a subordinate role.Respiratory Syncytial Virus Vaccines: Vaccines or candidate vaccines used to prevent infection with RESPIRATORY SYNCYTIAL VIRUSES.Species Specificity: The restriction of a characteristic behavior, anatomical structure or physical system, such as immune response; metabolic response, or gene or gene variant to the members of one species. It refers to that property which differentiates one species from another but it is also used for phylogenetic levels higher or lower than the species.Viral Plaque Assay: Method for measuring viral infectivity and multiplication in CULTURED CELLS. Clear lysed areas or plaques develop as the VIRAL PARTICLES are released from the infected cells during incubation. With some VIRUSES, the cells are killed by a cytopathic effect; with others, the infected cells are not killed but can be detected by their hemadsorptive ability. Sometimes the plaque cells contain VIRAL ANTIGENS which can be measured by IMMUNOFLUORESCENCE.Central Nervous System Viral Diseases: Viral infections of the brain, spinal cord, meninges, or perimeningeal spaces.Cross Protection: Protection conferred on a host by inoculation with one strain or component of a microorganism that prevents infection when later challenged with a similar strain. Most commonly the microorganism is a virus.Protein Structure, Tertiary: The level of protein structure in which combinations of secondary protein structures (alpha helices, beta sheets, loop regions, and motifs) pack together to form folded shapes called domains. Disulfide bridges between cysteines in two different parts of the polypeptide chain along with other interactions between the chains play a role in the formation and stabilization of tertiary structure. Small proteins usually consist of only one domain but larger proteins may contain a number of domains connected by segments of polypeptide chain which lack regular secondary structure.Interferon-gamma: The major interferon produced by mitogenically or antigenically stimulated LYMPHOCYTES. It is structurally different from TYPE I INTERFERON and its major activity is immunoregulation. It has been implicated in the expression of CLASS II HISTOCOMPATIBILITY ANTIGENS in cells that do not normally produce them, leading to AUTOIMMUNE DISEASES.Lung: Either of the pair of organs occupying the cavity of the thorax that effect the aeration of the blood.Japanese Encephalitis Vaccines: Vaccines or candidate vaccines used to prevent infection with Japanese B encephalitis virus (ENCEPHALITIS VIRUS, JAPANESE).Saudi ArabiaPolymerase Chain Reaction: In vitro method for producing large amounts of specific DNA or RNA fragments of defined length and sequence from small amounts of short oligonucleotide flanking sequences (primers). The essential steps include thermal denaturation of the double-stranded target molecules, annealing of the primers to their complementary sequences, and extension of the annealed primers by enzymatic synthesis with DNA polymerase. The reaction is efficient, specific, and extremely sensitive. Uses for the reaction include disease diagnosis, detection of difficult-to-isolate pathogens, mutation analysis, genetic testing, DNA sequencing, and analyzing evolutionary relationships.Virus Assembly: The assembly of VIRAL STRUCTURAL PROTEINS and nucleic acid (VIRAL DNA or VIRAL RNA) to form a VIRUS PARTICLE.Mass Vaccination: Administration of a vaccine to large populations in order to elicit IMMUNITY.Recombination, Genetic: Production of new arrangements of DNA by various mechanisms such as assortment and segregation, CROSSING OVER; GENE CONVERSION; GENETIC TRANSFORMATION; GENETIC CONJUGATION; GENETIC TRANSDUCTION; or mixed infection of viruses.Antibodies, Monoclonal: Antibodies produced by a single clone of cells.Vaccines, Contraceptive: Vaccines or candidate vaccines used to prevent conception.Viral Tropism: The specificity of a virus for infecting a particular type of cell or tissue.Cricetinae: A subfamily in the family MURIDAE, comprising the hamsters. Four of the more common genera are Cricetus, CRICETULUS; MESOCRICETUS; and PHODOPUS.Nidovirales: An order comprising three families of eukaryotic viruses possessing linear, nonsegmented, positive sense RNA genomes. The families are CORONAVIRIDAE; ARTERIVIRIDAE; and RONIVIRIDAE.Rotavirus Infections: Infection with any of the rotaviruses. Specific infections include human infantile diarrhea, neonatal calf diarrhea, and epidemic diarrhea of infant mice.Virus Attachment: The binding of virus particles to receptors on the host cell surface. For enveloped viruses, the virion ligand is usually a surface glycoprotein as is the cellular receptor. For non-enveloped viruses, the virus CAPSID serves as the ligand.Distemper: A name for several highly contagious viral diseases of animals, especially canine distemper. In dogs, it is caused by the canine distemper virus (DISTEMPER VIRUS, CANINE). It is characterized by a diphasic fever, leukopenia, gastrointestinal and respiratory inflammation and sometimes, neurologic complications. In cats it is known as FELINE PANLEUKOPENIA.DNA, Viral: Deoxyribonucleic acid that makes up the genetic material of viruses.Reassortant Viruses: Viruses containing two or more pieces of nucleic acid (segmented genome) from different parents. Such viruses are produced in cells coinfected with different strains of a given virus.Cytopathogenic Effect, Viral: Visible morphologic changes in cells infected with viruses. It includes shutdown of cellular RNA and protein synthesis, cell fusion, release of lysosomal enzymes, changes in cell membrane permeability, diffuse changes in intracellular structures, presence of viral inclusion bodies, and chromosomal aberrations. It excludes malignant transformation, which is CELL TRANSFORMATION, VIRAL. Viral cytopathogenic effects provide a valuable method for identifying and classifying the infecting viruses.DNA Primers: Short sequences (generally about 10 base pairs) of DNA that are complementary to sequences of messenger RNA and allow reverse transcriptases to start copying the adjacent sequences of mRNA. Primers are used extensively in genetic and molecular biology techniques.Vaccines, Edible: Vaccines or candidate vaccines derived from edible plants. Transgenic plants (PLANTS, TRANSGENIC) are used as recombinant protein production systems and the edible plant tissue functions as an oral vaccine.Mutation: Any detectable and heritable change in the genetic material that causes a change in the GENOTYPE and which is transmitted to daughter cells and to succeeding generations.Peptidyl-Dipeptidase A: A peptidyl-dipeptidase that catalyzes the release of a C-terminal dipeptide, -Xaa-*-Xbb-Xcc, when neither Xaa nor Xbb is Pro. It is a Cl(-)-dependent, zinc glycoprotein that is generally membrane-bound and active at neutral pH. It may also have endopeptidase activity on some substrates. (From Enzyme Nomenclature, 1992) EC 22.214.171.124.Macaca mulatta: A species of the genus MACACA inhabiting India, China, and other parts of Asia. The species is used extensively in biomedical research and adapts very well to living with humans.
There are a number of vaccines against gastroenteritis in development. For example, vaccines against Shigella and ... Transmissible gastroenteritis coronavirus (TGEV) occurs in pigs resulting in vomiting, diarrhea, and dehydration. It is ... Many of the same agents cause gastroenteritis in cats and dogs as in humans. The most common organisms are Campylobacter, ... The first dose of vaccine should be given to infants between 6 and 15 weeks of age. The oral cholera vaccine has been found ...
There is a vaccine available (ATCvet code: QI07AD11 (WHO)), and it is usually given to puppies, who are more susceptible to ... A more serious complication of canine coronavirus occurs when the dog is also infected with canine parvovirus. Coronavirus ... Recently, a second type of canine coronavirus (Group II) has been shown to cause respiratory disease in dogs. Known as canine ... Canine coronavirus is a virus of the family Coronaviridae that causes a highly contagious intestinal disease worldwide in dogs ...
While the DA2PPC vaccine also protects against parainfluenza, parvovirus, adenovirus, and canine coronavirus, it most ... the C indicates canine coronavirus. This vaccine is usually given to puppies at 8 weeks of age, followed by 12 weeks of age, ... D for canine distemper, A2 for canine adenovirus type 2, which offers cross-protection to canine adenovirus type 1 (the more ... DA2PP is a multivalent vaccine for dogs that protects against the viruses indicated by the alphanumeric characters forming the ...
There is no cure or vaccine for the disease, and ferrets may carry the virus for months or years without any signs. Canine ... The coronavirus which causes ECE has a counterpart strain that has more systemic effects with a higher mortality rate. This ... Viral diseases include canine distemper and influenza. Certain health problems have also been linked to ferrets being neutered ... A ferret with partial immunity to distemper can be exposed to canine distemper and go through an incubation period of up to six ...
List of feline diseases
Aspergilloisis Avian influenza in cats Bone cancer in cats and dogs Bladder cancer in cats and dogs Cancer in cats Cat flu, an ... eye syndrome Ectopia lentis Eosinophilic granuloma Feline acne Feline asthma Feline cognitive dysfunction Feline coronavirus ... Salmonellosis Tetanus Thelaziasis Toxocara cati Toxocariasis Toxoplasma gondi Tritrichomonas blagburni Tyzzer's disease Vaccine ... sarcoma Sturgess, p. 401 Chomel, Bruno (2014). "Emerging and Re-Emerging Zoonoses of Dogs and Cats". Animals. 4 (3): 434-445. ...
Vaccination of dogs
... canine coronavirus, canine adenovirus-1 (which also causes significant reaction), Giardia vaccine and rattlesnake envenomation ... canine distemper), CAV-2 (canine hepatitis virus or adenovirus-2) and CPV-2 (canine parvovirus). Non-core vaccines are those ... Core vaccines are defined as those vaccines which ALL dogs, regardless of circumstances, should receive. Core vaccines protect ... Both of the most recent vaccine protocols no longer consider canine parainfluenza to be a core vaccine and have moved CPiV into ...
COVID-19, a enciclopedia libre
febreiro de 2020). "Potential Rapid Diagnostics, Vaccine and Therapeutics for 2019 Novel Coronavirus (2019-nCoV): A Systematic ... "Susceptibility of ferrets, cats, dogs, and other domesticated animals to SARS-coronavirus 2". Science. Consultado o 9 de abril ... SERGAS Enfermidade polo novo coronavirus (COVID-19) *↑ 220,0 220,1 "Naming the coronavirus disease (COVID-19) and the virus ... "Here's Why It's Taking So Long to Develop a Vaccine for the New Coronavirus". Science Alert. Arquivado dende o orixinal o 28 de ...
Several intranasal vaccines have been developed that contain canine adenovirus in addition to B bronchiseptica and canine- ... Viral infections such as canine parainfluenza or canine coronavirus are only shed for roughly 1 week following recovery; ... followed by canine parainfluenza virus (37.7% of cases), and to a lesser extent canine coronavirus (9.8% of cases). It is ... To increase their effectiveness, vaccines should be administered as soon as possible after a dog enters a high-risk area, such ...
... and canine coronavirus increase a dog's risk of severe infection. Dogs who catch Parvovirus usually die from the dehydration it ... Parvo is highly contagious and is spread from dog to dog by direct or indirect contact with their feces. Vaccines can prevent ... "Do two current canine parvovirus type 2 and 2b vaccines provide protection against the new type 2c variant?". Vet Therapeutics ... This has led to claims of ineffective vaccination of dogs, but studies have shown that the existing CPV vaccines based on CPV ...
Novel subunit vaccine constructs for an S protein SARS vaccine based on the receptor binding domain (RBD) are being developed ... Virus was also later found in raccoon dogs (Nyctereuteus sp.), ferret badgers (Melogale spp.), and domestic cats. In 2005, two ... SARS-Coronavirus follows the replication strategy typical of the Coronavirus genus. The morphology of the SARS coronavirus is ... The SARS coronavirus is a positive and single stranded RNA virus belonging to a family of enveloped coronaviruses. Its genome ...
Variola virus (smallpox) is an agent that is worked with at BSL-4 despite the existence of a vaccine, as it has been eradicated ... canine hepatitis, Escherichia coli, varicella (chicken pox), as well as some cell cultures and non-infectious bacteria. At this ... MERS coronavirus, hantaviruses, tuberculosis, typhus, Rift Valley fever, Rocky Mountain spotted fever, yellow fever, and ... Biohazard Level 3: Bacteria and viruses that can cause severe to fatal disease in humans, but for which vaccines or other ...
There is currently no literature on a potential vaccine against the virus for dogs, but there is one in effect for porcine ... CaCV is not to be confused with canine coronavirus, another diarrhea-causing agent within the family Coronaviridae, or porcine ... Canine distempter and parvovirus (genotype 2) were the most common co-infectors in a group of domestic dogs and other wild ... a young (1 year) male domestic dog's liver was analyzed for the presence of an infective agent. The dog was initially brought ...
Bovine coronavirus and canine respiratory coronavirus diverged from a common ancestor in 1951. Bovine coronavirus and human ... Bande F, Arshad SS, Bejo MH, Moeini H, Omar AR (2015). "Progress and challenges toward the development of vaccines against ... Human coronavirus 229E Human coronavirus OC43 SARS-CoV Human Coronavirus NL63 (HCoV-NL63, New Haven coronavirus) Human ... Bulbul coronavirus HKU11, Munia coronavirus HKU13, Thrush coronavirus HKU12 The most recent common ancestor of the coronavirus ...
Feline coronavirus was the next most common infection, found in 18.3% of the cats, although they noted that the antibody levels ... In others, they may be preyed upon by animals such as feral dogs, dingoes, coyotes, and birds of prey. Without human assistance ... Although some colony management programs involve administering rabies vaccines, the need to revaccinate every few years makes ... Nassar, R.; Mosier, J.E.; Williams, L.W. (February 1984). "Study of the feline and canine populations in the greater Las Vegas ...
It is not related to canine distemper. Panleukopenia is highly contagious and can be fatal. Non-core vaccines are those that ... which is a mutation of Feline Enteric Coronavirus (FECV/FeCoV). The mutated virus can invade and grow in certain white blood ... AVMA Principles of Vaccination The Vexing Vaccine Issue from JAVMA News Feline Vaccines: Benefits and Risks Vaccine-Associated ... Core vaccines are defined as those vaccines which all cats, regardless of circumstances, should receive. Core vaccines protect ...
ATCvet code QI07
... canine parainfluenza virus QI07AD11 Canine coronavirus QI07AD12 Canine coronavirus + canine parvovirus QI07AD13 Canine parapox ... microsporum QI07AQ02 Microsporum vaccine Empty group Empty group Empty group Empty group Empty group Empty group Empty group ... live canine parvovirus + inactivated canine coronavirus QI07AH05 Live canine distemper virus + live canine adenovirus + live ... live canine parvovirus + inactivated canine coronavirus + inactivated leptospira QI07AJ11 Live canine parvovirus + live canine ...
Transmissible gastroenteritis coronavirus
Other coronaviruses belonging to Alphacoronavirus 1 species include Feline coronavirus, Canine coronavirus and Feline ... The application of this vector is in the development of a vaccine or even gene therapy. The motivation for engineering the TGEV ... Coronaviruses also infect the respiratory tract, and they can be used to target antigens to that area and generate some immune ... Coronaviruses enter the host by first attaching to the host cell using the spike glycoprotein. The S protein interacts with the ...
Rabbits, dogs, mice, and other mammals ingestion of spores Middle East respiratory syndrome MERS coronavirus bats, camels close ... Use in vaccinesEdit. The first vaccine against smallpox by Edward Jenner in 1800 was by infection of a zoonotic bovine virus ... dogs, rodents, other animals. sandfly bite Leprosy Mycobacterium leprae, Mycobacterium lepromatosis armadillos, monkeys ... dogs, rodents tick bite Ross River fever Ross River virus kangaroos, wallabies, horses, opossums, birds, flying foxes mosquito ...
Vaccine for horses. In November 2012, a vaccine became available for horses. The vaccine is to be used in horses only, since, ... On 26 July 2011 a dog living on the Mt Alford property was reported to have HeV antibodies, the first time an animal other than ... SARS coronavirus, Australian bat lyssavirus, Menangle virus and probably Ebola virus and Marburg virus are also harbored by ... "a vaccine for people would take many more years." The vaccine is a subunit vaccine that neutralises Hendra virus and is ...
... the vaccine was tested on 9-year old Joseph Meister who had been bitten by a rabid dog but failed to develop rabies, and ... as in the identification of HIV-1 as the cause of AIDS or the identification of SARS coronavirus as the cause of SARS. Germ ... Amid anthrax vaccine's success, Pasteur introduced rabies vaccine (1885), the first human vaccine since Jenner's smallpox ... BCG vaccine was not used in the public health of America, which virtually eliminated tuberculosis without it. BCG vaccine's ...
List of vaccine topics. *Vaccination and religion. *Vaccination of dogs. *Vaccine trial ... Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus. *Nipah virus infection. *Rift Valley fever. *Severe acute respiratory syndrome ... "Possible Side-effects from Vaccines".. *^ a b Sugarman SD (September 2007). "Cases in vaccine court--legal battles over ... Vaccine controversy and Vaccine injury. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) has compiled a list of vaccines ...
Social history of viruses
Pasteur showed that when the dried spinal cords from dogs that had died from rabies were crushed and injected into healthy dogs ... Severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) is caused by a new type of coronavirus. Other coronaviruses were known to cause mild ... 159-160 Dreesen DW (1997). "A global review of rabies vaccines for human use". Vaccine. 15: S2-6. doi:10.1016/S0264-410X(96) ... until the dog survived even after injections of fresh rabies-infected spinal tissue. Pasteur had immunised the dog against ...
"Pfizer, BioNTech set to begin U.S. coronavirus vaccine trial". Reuters. May 7, 2020. Retrieved May 8, 2020.. ... was also approved for canine tumors, and the ALK inhibitor Crizotinib also grew out of a SUGEN program. ... "Pfizer To Charge $39 Per Coronavirus Vaccine Course To All Developed Countries For Similar Volume Commitments As US". news. ... 2020: COVID-19 vaccine. In May 2020, Pfizer began testing four different COVID-19 vaccine variations to help end the COVID-19 ...
Gastroenteraytis, ang malayang ensiklopedya
"Human Vaccines. 7. 7: 734-748. doi:10.4161/hv.7.7.15511. PMID 21734466. Hinango noong 10 May 2012.. Unknown parameter ,month=. ... Weese, JS (2011 Mar). "Bacterial enteritis in dogs and cats: diagnosis, therapy, and zoonotic potential". The Veterinary ... Ang transmissible gastroenteritis coronavirus o naihahawang gastroenteraytis sanhi ng koronabirus(TGEV) ay nangyayari sa mga ... "Human Vaccines. 6 (7): 532-542. PMID 20622508. Hinango noong 10 May 2012.. Unknown parameter ,month=. ignored (tulong)CS1 maint ...
Hepatitis C virus
However a member of this genus has been discovered in dogs: canine hepacivirus. There is also at least one virus in this ... Main article: Hepatitis C vaccine. Unlike hepatitis A and B, there is currently no vaccine to prevent hepatitis C infection.[60 ... SARS coronavirus *Severe acute respiratory syndrome. *SARS coronavirus 2 *Coronavirus disease 2019 ... "Characterization of a canine homolog of hepatitis C virus". Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 108 (28): 11608-13. Bibcode:2011PNAS.. ...
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
Miller MS, Tilley LP, Smith FW (January 1989). "Cardiopulmonary disease in the geriatric dog and cat". The Veterinary Clinics ... A review of an oral Haemophilus influenzae vaccine found 1.6 exacerbations per year as opposed to a baseline of 2.1 in those ... COPD is also commonly found in old dogs. ... Coronavirus disease 2019. *Idiopathic pulmonary haemosiderosis ... "Influenza vaccine for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)". The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews. 6: CD002733 ...
Gastroenteraytis, ang malayang ensiklopedya
"Human Vaccines. 7. 7: 734-748. doi:10.4161/hv.7.7.15511. PMID 21734466. Nakuha noong 10 May 2012.. Unknown parameter ,month=. ... Weese, JS (2011 Mar). "Bacterial enteritis in dogs and cats: diagnosis, therapy, and zoonotic potential". The Veterinary ... Ang transmissible gastroenteritis coronavirus o naihahawang gastroenteraytis sanhi ng koronabirus(TGEV) ay nangyayari sa mga ... "Human Vaccines. 6 (7): 532-542. PMID 20622508. Nakuha noong 10 May 2012.. Unknown parameter ,month=. ignored (tulong)CS1 maint ...
Feline infectious peritonitis - Dr. Brahmbhatt`s Class Handouts
FIPV and canine coronavirus are very closely related antigenically and may have crossed between hosts. Feline coronaviruses are ... Prevention & Client Education An intranasal MLV vaccine to prevent FIP is available (but has shown very little ... It does not affect non-feline species, such as dogs. Etiology or Cause Field strains of feline coronavirus vary in ... This is still not well undestood Because it was derived from the Coronavirus, history on the disease was vague, as well as any ...
Coronavirus FAQs: Mammograms, Vaccine Ingredients ... And Dogs Who Sniff Masks | KPBS
Is there a list of vaccine ingredients - some people say theyre scary. Also: My pooch loves to sniff discarded masks. Should I ... Are there issues with having a mammogram right after a vaccine? ... Coronavirus FAQs: Mammograms, Vaccine Ingredients … And Dogs ... COVID-19 Vaccine Makers Booster Shots Aim At A Moving Target: Coronavirus Variants. Feb. 25, 2021. ... For Spreading Vaccine Misinformation. Feb. 11, 2021. * Moderna And Pfizer Need To Nearly Double COVID-19 Vaccine Deliveries To ...
Parvo and/or Cornavirus Vaccines
... puppies from Parvo and canine Coronavirus with puppy & annual dog vaccinations. Shop pet supplies & vaccines online with FREE ... Nobivac Canine 1-PV is a modified live virus vaccine containing a Canine Parvovirus Type 2b strain. Nobivac Canine 1-PV is for ... After primary vaccination consider using a more comprehensive vaccine, like Nobivac Canine 1-DAPPv or Nobivac Canine 1-DAPPv+Cv ... Vanguard Plus CPV is for protection against canine parvovirus. Vanguard Plus CPV is for dogs 6 weeks of age or older. Give 1 ml ...
Merck 7-Way + Coronavirus Vaccines |Dog Vaccines
Lepto and coronavirus. Buy Vaccines Online! Shop in our 7-Way + Coronavirus Vaccines department online made by Merck. Shop, ... 7-Way Coronavirus vaccine for protection against canine distemper, adenovirus type 2, hepatitis, Para influenza, parvovirus, ... Nobivac Canine 1-DAPPvL2 + Cv (Galaxy DA2PPvL + Cv) is a 7-way + Coronavirus Modified live plus killed coronavirus. For ... Nobivac Canine 1-DAPPvL2 + Cv (Galaxy Da2PPvL + Cv) Dog Vaccine by Merck ...
Dog Vaccines and Vaccinations
... vaccine. I dont use coronavirus vaccine, leptospirosis (but I would as soon as I see enough cases to convince me it was a ... House dogs that dont have much contact with other dogs dont have a high risk of exposure. Dogs that attend shows or sporting ... Vaccine reactions to this virus seem rare. Parvovirus Parvovirus is probably the most common viral illness of dogs at the ... Dog Vaccines and Vaccinations Vaccination protocol update Subscriber Question: Have been receiving info from different sources ...
Canine Coronavirus Infection | IVIS
Canine sera collected from dogs vaccinated with an inactivated commercial CCoV type II vaccine and subsequently challenged with ... feline coronaviruses, FCoVs) and dogs (canine coronaviruses, CCoVs). On the basis of their relationship to CCoV, FCoVs can be ... Quantitation of canine coronavirus RNA in the faeces of dogs by taqman RT-PCR. J Virol Methods 2004; 119:145-150. - PubMed - ... Characteristic canine coronavirus (EM) particles from stool of dog with diarrhea. CCoV Molecular Evolution. In the last few ...
Bacteria shrink tumors in humans, dogs | Science | AAAS
Speed coronavirus vaccine testing by deliberately infecting volunteers? Not so fast, some scientists warn By Jon Cohen. Mar. 31 ... They chose dogs. Like humans, dogs are more genetically diverse than lab rodents are. And like human tumors, dog tumors sprout ... The $1 billion bet: Pharma giant and U.S. government team up in all-out coronavirus vaccine push By Jon Cohen. Mar. 31, 2020. ... Speed coronavirus vaccine testing by deliberately infecting volunteers? Not so fast, some scientists warn ...
Woman with third-degree burns believes her dog saved her life by 'sniffing out' sepsis
A woman believes her dog saved her life by sniffing out sepsis after she developed the life-threatening condition from third- ... Coronavirus: New list reveals who will get vaccine first. Care home residents and staff are top of the list - although plans ... Oxford controversy is the first shot in international battle over vaccine efficiency. Trials will not reveal all the facts on ... Oxford controversy is the first shot in international battle over vaccine efficiency. ...
Details about China's phase 3 coronavirus vaccine trials revealed, participants say it gives them hope - ABC News
Here is a look at how recipients feel about the COVID-19 vaccines and what they went through. ... More than 60,000 Chinese citizens have received the potential vaccines in phase 3 trials. ... Trump tweets Get well soon! after Biden fractures foot playing with his dog. ... Catch up on the main COVID-19 news from November 30 with our coronavirus blog.. How did Chinas vaccine trials work?. ...
Overview of Vaccines that Protect your Dog
Vaccines that protect your dog from diseses such as Rabies, Distemper, Adenovirus, Parvovirus, Parainfluenza, Coronavirus, ... Coronavirus vaccines.. Coronavirus. The Coronavirus infects the gastrointestinal tract, causing vomiting, diarrhea, high fever ... This vaccine is used to protect dogs from infection of the windpipe (trachea) with a bacterium known as Bordatella ... This virus attacks and damages the dogs liver. Symptoms are fever, thirst, loss of appetite, abdominal pain. The vaccine is ...
Sheep, possibly dog killed by Whitman County wolf
States submit coronavirus vaccine orders amid surging death toll. Emergency services at breaking point amid COVID-19 pandemic ... The Spokesman-Review reports one of the dogs protecting the flock is missing and presumed dead.. The county's first wolf ... Sheep, possibly dog killed by Whitman County wolf. Published December 18, 2014. ... Snohomish County 5-year-old exposed to coronavirus, unknowingly spreads it to family. ...
First dog to test positive for coronavirus in US dies: report
The first dog to test positive for the coronavirus in the United States has died, National Geographic magazine reported, after ... The first dog to test positive for the coronavirus in the United States has died, National Geographic magazine reported, after ... Twelve dogs and 10 cats have tested positive for coronavirus in the US, according to National Geographic. ... Coronavirus reappears in Chinese woman more than five months after she recovered from initial infection. South China Morning ...
Spot, Boston Dynamics' robot dog, has joined a police squad - Big Think
Coronavirus COVID-19 brain study to explore long-term effects of the virus ... Spot, Boston Dynamics robot dog, has joined a police squad The semiautonomous could help to protect officers, but some are ... Is using robot police dogs worth the risks?. Police departments in the U.S. have used robot helpers for years. In 2016, Dallas ... Spot, the robot dog from Boston Dynamics, is working with a police squad ...
Immunization clinic is April 23 - Salisbury Post | Salisbury Post
Lady Gagas dogs recovered safely. Coronavirus. Advisers OK single-shot COVID-19 vaccine from J&J. ... The Tdap vaccine is also available at local doctors offices. There is no cost for the vaccine, but those offices may charge a ... Coronavirus. Greensboro site to administer 3,000 daily vaccine doses starting March 10. ... Children attending private, religious or home schools are required to receive the vaccine by age 12.The vaccine is offered free ...
An Introduction to Dog Vaccines
Coronavirus Vaccine. *Leptospirosis Vaccine. *Lyme Disease Vaccine. *Parainfluenza Virus Vaccine Ask a local veterinarian if ... Non-Core Dog Vaccine Information. Non-core vaccines are important to some dogs, but not to every dog. Non-core vaccinations for ... Your dog may need additional dog vaccines for localized diseases. Core vs Non-Core Vaccinations. Classifications for canine ... Dog vaccines schedules include vaccinations against Canine Hepatitis. The virus attacks the liver and affects dogs differently ...
Young Boys More Vulnerable to Vaccine Toxins
Video: Man Drinks Vinegar, Chomps Raw Onion to Illustrate Major Coronavirus Symptoms. Health ... Report: Chinas Wet Markets Are Still Selling Bats, Dogs And Cats. Health ... Young Boys More Vulnerable to Vaccine Toxins. Developing boys disproportionately impacted. World Mercury Project - July 3, 2018 ... Moreover, there are a number of biologically plausible reasons why boys may be more susceptible to the toxins in vaccines. As ...
Dog Vaccine Abbreviations
Dog vaccines come in a variety of combinations and may be identified by abbreviations. Heres a handy guide to help you ... ", "CvK": Coronavirus. Puppies are at the greatest risk for this intestinal disease, which causes severe diarrhea and sometimes ... Other Dog Vaccines All Dog Vaccines. * Cat Vaccines 3 Way-HCP 4 Way-HCPCh Leukemia Single Dose Vaccines Other Cat Vaccines All ... Dog Vaccine Abbreviations. As you browse our dog vaccines, heres a handy guide to help you identify the various letter ...
LeptoVax 4/C for Animal Use - Drugs.com
Dogs. Manufacturer: Boehringer Ingelheim Canine Coronavirus Vaccine. Killed Virus. Leptospira Canicola-Grippotyphosa- ... Dogs: Inject 1 mL subcutaneously in dogs six weeks or older. Administer a second dose in two to four weeks. Annual ... vaccination of healthy dogs 6 weeks of age or older as an aid in the prevention of disease caused by canine coronavirus, ... Dog Medications. Cat Medications. Adequan. Apoquel. Atopica. Betadine. Cerenia. Clavamox. Denamarin. Derma Vet Ointment. ...
Chinese City Iintroduced a Draft to Ban Eating Cats and Dogs to stop Spread of Coronavirus! , page 1
Elecricity, Chemicals, Vaccines, Disease. Diseases and Pandemics: 2 hours ago * A convenient enemy. Philosophy and Metaphysics ... Chinese city of Shenzhen to ban eating cats and dogs as part of moves to stop spread of coronavirus Well if the above passes ... I love dogs and cats, but logically there is no difference between eating dogs and cats and eating pigs and cows. I dont see ... Chinese City Iintroduced a Draft to Ban Eating Cats and Dogs to stop Spread of Coronavirus! page: 1 ...
Repossessions plunge 93pc after banks banned from seizing homes
... have plunged 93pc after homeowners rushed to use mortgage holidays and banks were banned from seizing the houses of coronavirus ... Rules established at the start of the coronavirus crisis blocked any eviction cases from being heard in court before August 24 ... It Will Take Until 2024 for Everyone to Get a COVID-19 Vaccine. Why So Long?. Popular Mechanics ... have plunged 93pc after homeowners rushed to use mortgage holidays and banks were banned from seizing the houses of coronavirus ...
Global Bulletin: Discovery Restructures Europe, Middle East, Africa Leadership
Leerburg | Vaccine Guides for Dogs and Cats
Veterinary vaccines are given to prevent disease, yet studies show that they are often debilitating and fatal. They have been ... Arbitrary Vaccine Mandates. Vaccine Ingredients. Vaccine Types. CANINE. Parvovirus Type. Coronavirus Enteritis. Distemper. ... Vaccine-Induced Sarcomas. Table 2: Feline Vaccines. Vaccine Guide for Dogs and Cats. HOLISTIC PET CARE OPTIONS. Nutrition and ... Leerburg Equipment Books Vaccine Guide for Dogs and Cats. Vaccine Guide for Dogs and Cats ...
'I do?' Opposition dogs French gay marriage...
Latest scientific finds on the novel coronavirus and efforts to find treatments and vaccines for the illness caused by the ... Coronavirus detected in lake water, researchers find. Experts say dont panic.. Yahoo Life ... Coronavirus, Black Lives Matter, RBG: Why this Halloween House gets political. Yahoo Life ...
This potential new coronavirus vaccine is a fingertip-sized patch - BGR
A new coronavirus vaccine candidate might deliver its payload via a fingertip-sized patch made of sugar microneedles infused ... Dogs go through a midlife crisis just like humans, study finds. By Mike Wehner 1 day ago ... Called PittCoVacc, short for Pittsburgh Coronavirus Vaccine, the COVID-19 vaccine candidate was detailed in The Lancets ... A new coronavirus vaccine candidate might deliver its payload via a fingertip-sized patch made of sugar microneedles infused ...
Molecular stability of a vaccine strain of Canine coronavirus after serial passages in A72 cells | Braz. J. Vet. Res. Anim....
Full text: Available Index: LILACS (Americas) / VETINDEX Main subject: Vaccines, Inactivated / Coronavirus, Canine Clinical ... Canine coronavirus (CCoV) exists in types I and II and infects dogs leading mainly to enteritis, though type II has already ... Molecular stability of a vaccine strain of Canine coronavirus after serial passages in A72 cells / Estabilidade molecular de ... Molecular stability of a vaccine strain of Canine coronavirus after serial passages in A72 ...
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VERIFY: 'Plandemic' documentary full of misinformation | khou.com
That vaccine was grown in a cell line. A dog cell line. Dogs have lots of coronaviruses and thats why theyre not testing ... Theres no evidence that it came from dogs specifically, either. The CDCs information page on cell-based vaccines doesnt ... "The game is to prevent the therapies until everyone is infected and push the vaccine, knowing that the flu vaccines increase ... The vaccine, which was released in Europe for the first time for the 2019-2020 flu season, was tested in the United States in ...
Table 3 - Animal Reservoirs and Hosts for Emerging Alphacoronaviruses and Betacoronaviruses - Volume 27, Number 4-April 2021 -...
Because severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 was first detected in December 2019, information on its tropism, host ... Given the limited information, data from other coronaviruses might be useful for informing scientific inquiry, risk assessment ... and clinical signs associated with each host for 15 coronaviruses detected in humans and animals. This information can be used ... and control to current and future coronavirus disease threats. ... The ongoing global pandemic caused by coronavirus disease has ...
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Coronavirus questions: Rent relief, unemployment, virus on surfaces
How many people have recovered from the coronavirus? Who is eligible for the stimulus check? USA TODAY answers your questions ... Vaccines against pneumonia, such as pneumococcal vaccine and Haemophilus influenzae type B vaccine, do not provide protection ... Robert Becker walks his dogs while carrying a .410 bore shotgun as a precaution due to the new coronavirus pandemic on March 26 ... No, the presence of the coronavirus would not turn a flu test positive. However, its possible to have both the coronavirus and ...
Women should have more orgasms, says doctor | Whitsunday Times
ParainfluenzaPositive for coronavirusPandemicAdenovirus typeInfectiousPuppiesProtection against canine distemperHepatitisImmunityInfectionFelineEnteric coronavirusPathogenicViralEnteritisPotential coronavirus vaccineBacterialVeterinarianCombination VaccinesCOVIDBordetellaPathogenHacking coughSwineHighly contagious diseaseDoseSpread of coronavirusAntibodiesAdministerPfizerMildDog'sParvovirus vaccineSusceptibleVaccinations includeCoronaStrainsTypeBovineCore vaccinesPuppyHumansDiseasesAstraZenecaKennel cough vaccineReutersResearchersAdult
- For protection against canine distemper, adenovirus type 2 (and hepatitis), parainfluenza, parvovirus, 2 strains of Lepto and coronavirus. (valleyvet.com)
- Parainfluenza is easily spread, especially when dogs are in close confinement. (revivalanimal.com)
- The exact combination of your dog's distemper combination vaccine depends on your dog's age and individual disease-risk profile, but in general, the most important diseases to protect against are canine distemper , canine adenovirus-2 infection (hepatitis and respiratory disease), canine parvovirus infection, and parainfluenza. (vetstreet.com)
- Therefore, a notation of "DA2PPV," "DA2PP," "DHPP," or "DHPPV" in your pet's vaccination record generally means that your pet was vaccinated against canine distemper, hepatitis (canine adenovirus-2 and -1), parvovirus, and parainfluenza. (vetstreet.com)
- This product has been shown to be effective for the vaccination of healthy dogs 6 weeks of age or older against canine distemper, infectious canine hepatitis, canine adenovirus type 2, canine coronavirus, canine parainfluenza, canine parvovirus (CPV), Leptospira canicola, Leptospira icterohaemorrhagiae, Leptospira grippotyphosa and Leptospira pomona . (drugs.com)
- Univac 9 Canine Vaccine ( DA2LPP) is for the vaccination of healthy dogs against Canine Distemper, Infectious Canine Hepatitis, Canine Adenovirus Type 2, Canine Parainfluenza, Canine Parvovirus, Leptospira Canicloa, Leptospira Icterohaemorrhagiae, Leptospira Grippotyphosa, and Leptospira Pomona. (medi-vet.com)
- A vial of desiccated vaccine containing a combination of immunogenic, attenuated stains of Canine Distemper, Canine Adenovirus Type-2,(CAV-2), Canine Parainfluenza and Canine Parvovirus Type 2b. (medi-vet.com)
- Bordetella and parainfluenza: For complete canine cough protection, we recommend Intra-Trac II ADT. (terrificpets.com)
- Nobivac Canine 1-DAPPvL2 + Cv 10-way vaccine for dogs fights against Canine Distemper, Adenovirus Type 2, Coronavirus, Parainfluenza, Parvovirus Vaccine, & Leptospira Bacterin. (jefferspet.com)
- Non-core vaccinations include those for bordatella, coronavirus and parainfluenza. (ehow.co.uk)
- Big Dee's carries dog vaccines for protection against canine distemper, canine adenovirus types 1 and 2, parainfluenza, parvovirus and more. (bigdweb.com)
- DA2PP is a multivalent vaccine for dogs that protects against the viruses indicated by the alphanumeric characters forming the acronym: D for canine distemper, A2 for canine adenovirus type 2, which offers cross-protection to canine adenovirus type 1 (the more pathogenic of the two strains) (see Canine adenovirus), the first P for canine parvovirus, and the second P for parainfluenza. (wikipedia.org)
- Also, even if the dog owner is not concerned about adenovirus, coronavirus, parvovirus, or parainfluenza, they should vaccinate their dogs to protect them against distemper. (wikipedia.org)
Positive for coronavirus2
- As the coronavirus pandemic continues to shut down daily life across the globe, thousands of our readers across the nation have asked us questions about COVID-19. (naplesnews.com)
- Doctors fear that the focus on the coronavirus pandemic could waylay efforts to combat other diseases. (wpri.com)
- NCSC Director of Operations Paul Chichester condemned the "despicable attacks," against those working to combat the ongoing novel coronavirus pandemic. (ctvnews.ca)
- Moderna's vaccine candidate is one of the earliest and biggest bets by the Trump administration to fight the pandemic. (ibtimes.co.in)
- This article brings you the latest updates on the novel coronavirus pandemic in Finland. (yle.fi)
- But there is hope in the fight against the deadly pandemic as well: The first peer-reviewed research into a new vaccine was published in Lancet publication eBioMedicine Thursday, and it shows promise. (ecowatch.com)
- Adenovirus type 2 is used to make vaccines, and it protects against both strains. (revivalanimal.com)
- Unique killed canine adenovirus type 2 provides highly effective protection for both CAV2 and infectious canine hepatitis and eliminates risk of vaccines virus shedding. (medi-vet.com)
- Virologic and bacteriologic investigations on the parenchymatous organs did not detect common canine pathogens, notably canine parvovirus type 2, canine distemper virus, canine adenovirus type 1 and type 2. (thefreelibrary.com)
- Because infectious canine hepatitis is another name for canine adenovirus type 1, an H is sometimes used instead of A. In DA2PPC, the C indicates canine coronavirus. (wikipedia.org)
- There are two groups of mammalian coronaviruses, groups I and II, while the two avian coronaviruses, infectious bronchitis virus (IBV) and turkey coronavirus (TCoV), form the third group. (ivis.org)
- Dogs should be vaccinated for the first time when they are young puppies (from 6 weeks of age) to protect them against a number of important infectious diseases. (provet.co.uk)
- Because of advances in science and vaccine technology, and a growing body of information about infectious diseases , the answer you may have gotten 15 years ago is different from the answer you will get today. (vetstreet.com)
- Canine adenovirus-1 causes canine infectious hepatitis, a serious disease that affects the liver. (vetstreet.com)
- Canine adenovirus-2 causes respiratory disease and is one of the infectious agents commonly associated with canine infectious tracheobronchitis, also known as kennel cough. (vetstreet.com)
- It is one of the most common bacterial causes of canine infectious tracheobronchitis, which is also sometimes called kennel cough. (vetstreet.com)
- Kennel cough is an infectious bronchitis your dog can catch from other dogs. (dogsnaturallymagazine.com)
- The CAV-2 fraction cross-protects against infection caused by Infectious Canine Hepatitis (CAV-1). (medi-vet.com)
- Infectious diseases are a common cause of death in young dogs. (hindawi.com)
- Here, we aimed to determine the infectious causes of death in young dogs aged up to 1 year, examining how it relates to age (under and over 6 months), lifestyle (owned versus ownerless), breed (purebred and crossbreed), and gender. (hindawi.com)
- Commonly known as Parvo, Canine parvovirus an infectious gastrointestinal (GI) that affects puppies and young dogs the most. (petcarerx.com)
- For example, for bovine respiratory disease complex , combined vaccines are available for bovine respiratory syncytial virus , infectious bovine rhinotracheitis virus, bovine viral diarrhea virus , parainfluenza 3 virus , and Mannheimia haemolytica . (merckvetmanual.com)
- For puppies the Parvovirus vaccine is administered as a series of shots staring at 6 weeks of age. (freedoglistings.com)
- 80% of all puppies and 50% of adult dogs that contract Canine Distemper succumb to the disease. (vetinfo.com)
- A combined canine Distemper and Measles virus vaccine increases the protection of puppies against Distemper during the period when they commonly carry maternal antibodies. (revivalanimal.com)
- Vaccines help protect puppies and dogs from potentially fatal diseases and are recommended regardless of breed, size or location. (revivalanimal.com)
- For puppies, the rabies vaccine should be administered as a single dose as early as three months of age. (vetstreet.com)
- For the canine distemper virus vaccine, canine adenovirus-2 vaccine, and canine parvovirus vaccine, puppies should receive a minimum of three doses between the ages of 6 and 16 weeks, administered at three- to four-week intervals. (vetstreet.com)
- Puppies should receive a rabies vaccine no earlier than 12 weeks. (sitmeanssit.com)
- Although in puppies canine coronavirus causes mild or moderate inflammatory bowel disease, there have been reports of fatal infections in adult dogs. (gopetsamerica.com)
- Although in general dogs and puppies rarely die from diarrheal diseases, deaths can occur as a result of electrolyte and water loss with subsequent dehydration and shock. (gopetsamerica.com)
- While diarrhoea in older dogs might resolve itself within a day, diarrhoea in puppies with their immature immune systems can lead rapidly to dehydration. (ehow.co.uk)
- Before the age of approximately 8 weeks, puppies receive antibodies from their mothers' milk, and vaccinating before this time can result in lesser vaccine efficacy. (ehow.co.uk)
- The vaccine for kittens and puppies does not include rabies. (craigdailypress.com)
- An infected dog can spread the virus for 6 to 9 days, although puppies have been shown to spread the disease for as long as 6 months, even when they no longer show any disease symptoms. (dog-health-guide.org)
- The virus affects dogs of every age, with puppies being more susceptible to the infection. (dog-health-guide.org)
- Puppies show additional canine cononavirus symptoms such as anorexia (loss of appetite), depression and dehydration. (dog-health-guide.org)
- Coronavirus puppies survival is dependent on early diagnosis and treatment. (dog-health-guide.org)
- Although young puppies and kittens exposed this frequently to vaccine antigens may not demonstrate overt adverse effects, their relatively immature immune systems may be temporarily or more permanently harmed. (1800petmeds.com)
- Inexpensive control of roundworms, the most common worm infestation in puppies and adult dogs. (bigdweb.com)
- Safe for use on dogs of all breeds, puppies (at least 6 weeks of age), pregnant females, older dogs, dogs currently taking other medications, including monthly heartworm prevention products, which are not effective against all major types of dog intestinal worms. (bigdweb.com)
- This vaccine is usually given to puppies at 8 weeks of age, followed by 12 weeks of age, and then 16 weeks of age. (wikipedia.org)
Protection against canine distemper1
- Nobivac Puppy-DPv is for protection against canine distemper and parvovirus CPV Strain 154. (valleyvet.com)
- The second group of mammalian coronaviruses includes the prototype murine hepatitis virus (MHV) and the coronaviruses of humans (HCoV-OC43 and HECoV-4408), rats (RCoV), cattle (BCoV), pigs (PHEV) and other species. (ivis.org)
- Canine Hepatitis occurs when a dog ingests or breathes in bodily secretions from an infected animal. (vetinfo.com)
- Dog vaccines' schedules include vaccinations against Canine Hepatitis. (vetinfo.com)
- Vaccinations can prevent a number of canine diseases such as canine distemper, kennel cough, encephalitis, and hepatitis, among others. (petside.com)
- The recommended protocol for core puppy shots includes vaccinations against canine distemper, parvovirus and hepatitis. (ehow.co.uk)
- d) The duration of immunity provided by vaccinations probably varies from one vaccine to the next, depending on the strain of virus/bacteria used, the adjuvents used in the vaccine and the production methods -- therefore, until each vaccine is tested for duration of action, it will be hard to make blanket judgments about how long vaccine intervals should be. (vetinfo.com)
- b) It is highly likely that parvovirus vaccine provides lifelong immunity and that distemper vaccine provides protection for more 5 to 7 years. (vetinfo.com)
- The Measles virus vaccine induces immunity to canine Distemper virus. (revivalanimal.com)
- The race is on to develop vaccines for the novel coronavirus that could provide long-lasting immunity and hopefully eradicate the COVID-19 disease. (bgr.com)
- Russian president Vladimir Putin said the vaccine offered 'sustainable immunity' against coronavirus. (yahoo.com)
- The presence of maternal antibody is known to interfere with the development of active immunity in dogs and additional boosters will be required in most young animals. (drugs.com)
- The novel vaccine formulation resulting from the studies on this project will induce, after a single inoculation, both long-term protective immunity against rabies and infertility without causing adverse effects. (healthcanal.com)
- Is it advantageous for a younger healthy person to get the coronavirus to build immunity to it? (dispatch.com)
- a vaccine prepared from live microorganisms that have lost their virulence but retained their ability to induce protective immunity. (gopetsamerica.com)
- It is too soon to know how long the SARS-COV-2 antibodies will last in mice, but the mice the researchers vaccinated for MERS retained their immunity for at least a year, and the mice injected with the new vaccine seem to be showing similar antibody levels. (ecowatch.com)
- However, local immunity is sometimes more important than systemic immunity, and in these cases it is more appropriate to administer the vaccine at the site of microbial invasion. (merckvetmanual.com)
- The infection was first described by Binn in 1971 during an epizootic in Germany, although serological evidence was obtained earlier suggesting that dogs may be naturally infected with a coronavirus related to swine transmissible gastroenteritis virus (TGEV). (ivis.org)
- Nonetheless, some of the dogs and the human patient in the trial received antibiotics, and doctors and other caregivers used standard anti-infection measures, such as wearing protective gowns and gloves. (sciencemag.org)
- This vaccine is used to protect dogs from infection of the windpipe (trachea) with a bacterium known as Bordatella bronchiseptica. (freedoglistings.com)
- The canine distemper vaccine is typically given in some variation of a combination vaccine that also protects your pet from several other serious diseases, such as parvovirus infection. (vetstreet.com)
- Infection with this virus is serious, with a death rate approaching 50% in untreated dogs. (vetstreet.com)
- That's because the risk of kennel cough infection is higher when dogs mingle . (dogsnaturallymagazine.com)
- You also don't want the amount to be too high that the dog gets the full-blown infection and disease. (petside.com)
- If your dog gets exposed to an antigen that it already has antibodies to, then the infection will not proceed. (petside.com)
- This dog can also get parvovirus infection. (petside.com)
- Vaccines are administered to introduce a killed or weakened microorganism to the body, which produces proteins called antibodies that the immune system uses to neutralize potential infection or disease. (sitmeanssit.com)
- Dogs of all ages are susceptible to infection. (gopetsamerica.com)
- Dogs can shed for weeks or months post-infection. (vetstream.com)
- it could result in the dog suffering from a serious infection. (dogsnaturallymagazine.com)
- Similarly, the coronavirus is a highly contagious viral disease that can occur at the same time as a parvovirus infection. (petcarerx.com)
- The infection is very difficult to control and eliminate, since even when using a disinfectant to clean a kennel, contact between dogs can still spread the disease. (dog-health-guide.org)
- The Veterinarian has to determine if your dog has Coronavirus and the symptoms of canine coronavirus infection or the similar and more severe parvovirus , or a digestive problem. (dog-health-guide.org)
- Coronavirus infection in dogs is usually restricted to the enteric tract. (thefreelibrary.com)
- Based on the current infection rates, Pfizer said it is expecting to learn if it created an effective vaccine or not by the end of October. (king5.com)
- Healthy dogs can fight off the infection within 3 week. (reference.com)
- The cat combination is feline rhinotracheitis-calici-panleukopenia and the rabies vaccine. (craigdailypress.com)
- An additional feline leukemia vaccine is available, as is a rabies-only vaccine. (craigdailypress.com)
- Nosodes are available for canine distemper, parvovirus, and bordatella, as well as feline panleukopenia and feline leukemia virus. (1800petmeds.com)
- The vaccine will be based on recently developed non-pathogenic rabies variant TriGAS which targets dendritic cells and thereby strongly induces a strong and sustained immune response not only to rabies virus but also to foreign antigen such as gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH). (healthcanal.com)
- Canine Coronavirus Highly Pathogenic for Dogs. (gopetsamerica.com)
- We've also debunked some viral coronavirus myths . (naplesnews.com)
- This is a mild respiratory viral disease in dogs. (vetstreet.com)
- This causes a highly contagious viral disease in dogs. (vetstreet.com)
- Ownerless dogs showed over a three-fold higher predisposition to viral coinfections than owned dogs. (hindawi.com)
- Explanation: The viral post image refers to a canine vaccine that attacks another type of coronavirus. (poynter.org)
Potential coronavirus vaccine1
- Although the researchers injected less than 1% of the bacterial dose the dogs had received into the shoulder metastasis, the growth began to dwindle. (sciencemag.org)
- This potentially serious bacterial disease attacks the kidneys and liver of infected dogs and can be transmitted to humans. (vetstreet.com)
- Aseptically rehydrate Duramune Max 5 with Canine Coronavirus Vaccine-Leptospira Bacterial extract supplied. (drugs.com)
- The vaccines simply guard against those specific bacterial infections. (dispatch.com)
- Please consult with your dog veterinarian before embarking on a series of shots. (freedoglistings.com)
- Ask a local veterinarian if non-core vaccines are necessary. (vetinfo.com)
- Not all dogs should receive the Lepto vaccine, so talk to your veterinarian first. (revivalanimal.com)
- It also allows a regular opportunity for your veterinarian to perform a physical examination, which is very important for keeping your dog healthy. (vetstreet.com)
- Based on your dog's risk for exposure, your veterinarian may recommend vaccinating your dog against Bordetella in addition to administering the canine distemper combination vaccine. (vetstreet.com)
- Your veterinarian may have different recommendations for minimum age, boosters, and annual vaccinations based on the breed, health status, and potential of the dog to be exposed to the disease. (drsfostersmith.com)
- A correct and complete determination of the cause of death in young dogs is a challenge for veterinarian practitioners. (hindawi.com)
- The Dog Health Guide is not intended to replace the advice of a Veterinarian or other Health Professional. (dog-health-guide.org)
- In addition, the veterinarian can be sure an animal has received the appropriate dose of vaccine. (merckvetmanual.com)
- I've heard that the ingredients in the COVID vaccines are dangerous. (kpbs.org)
- In the global race for COVID-19 vaccines, China has been among the frontrunners with five potentials , which are yet to pass final clinical trials. (abc.net.au)
- Catch up on the main COVID-19 news from November 30 with our coronavirus blog. (abc.net.au)
- We had zero knowledge or experience with the scientific basis of COVID in dogs," Robert Cohen, the vet who tested Buddy, told the magazine. (yahoo.com)
- Coronavirus world map: which countries have the most Covid-19 cases and deaths? (yahoo.com)
- SALISBURY - State data on Friday showed Rowan County crossed 10% of residents receiving at least one dose of a COVID-19 vaccine. (salisburypost.com)
- Called PittCoVacc, short for Pittsburgh Coronavirus Vaccine, the COVID-19 vaccine candidate was detailed in The Lancet's EBioMedicine ( via ScienceDaily ) a few days ago. (bgr.com)
- Aside from making vaccines that work against COVID-19, governments and pharmaceutical companies need to ensure that manufacturing capacity can be ramped up with ease, so the logistics of preparing and shipping the vaccines will not hinder its use. (bgr.com)
- It Will Take Until 2024 for Everyone to Get a COVID-19 Vaccine. (yahoo.com)
- A visitor wearing a face mask takes a photo of a model of a coronavirus and boxes for COVID-19 vaccines at a display by Chinese pharmaceutical firm Sinopharm at the China International Fair for Trade in Services in Beijing. (yahoo.com)
- How Far Off Is a COVID-19 Vaccine? (berkeleywellness.com)
- OTTAWA -- Russia has tried to steal information and intellectual property from researchers working on a COVID-19 vaccine, cyber security agencies in Canada, the United States, and the United Kingdom are alleging. (ctvnews.ca)
- The major national security and intelligence threat was identified by the three countries as the result of "Russian cyber threat activity" directed at organizations that are doing research into and development of COVID-19 vaccines and treatment. (ctvnews.ca)
- Moderna, which is based in Massachusetts and announced its COVID-19 vaccine candidate in January, confirmed to Reuters that the company had been in contact with the FBI and was made aware of the suspected "information reconnaissance activities" by the hacking group mentioned in last week's indictment. (ibtimes.co.in)
- The only reward the Covid-19 dogs gets - in addition to having an interesting job - is a freeze-fried meat delicacy when it marks a positive corona-sample. (euobserver.com)
- The purpose was to teach the dogs to distinguish the smell of coronavirus molecules from other smells, so that the dogs could be used at airports and other border crossings to assist in detecting arriving passengers carrying Covid-19. (euobserver.com)
- There are still many unanswered questions - like how many hours the various dogs are able to work, and how to separate those who already have recovered from Covid and those who have been recently infected. (euobserver.com)
- Doctor's note: Are vaccine efforts against COVID-19 succeeding? (fbresearch.org)
- Coronavirus update: Companies test antibody drugs to treat, prevent COVID-19. (qconline.com)
- India may record about 2.87 lakh projected cases of the novel coronavirus per day by the end of winter 2021 in the absence of a COVID-19 vaccine or drug interventions, according to a modelling study by the researchers from Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT). (indiatvnews.com)
- Thank you to the 30,000 participants who have enrolled in our COVID-19 vaccine clinical trial. (king5.com)
- COVID-19 vaccine by Election Day? (king5.com)
- The major push to find a safe and efficient COVID-19 vaccine is part of President Donald Trump's Operation Warp Speed program, which is designed to get a vaccine to the American people by early 2021. (king5.com)
- On Wednesday, the federal government outlined a sweeping plan to make vaccines for COVID-19 available for free to all Americans. (king5.com)
- Other vaccines, such as the rabies and Bordetella vaccines, may be given in addition to the canine distemper/parvo combination vaccine. (vetstreet.com)
- Bordetella bronchiseptica is a bacterium that causes respiratory disease in dogs. (vetstreet.com)
- Bordetella: Does Your Dog Really Need the Kennel Cough Vaccine? (dogsnaturallymagazine.com)
- The most frequent culprit in dogs with kennel cough is Bordetella bronchiseptica . (dogsnaturallymagazine.com)
- Sanofi-Aventis raised its outlook for 2009 thanks to sales of swine flu vaccine and posted earnings per share growth that beat forecasts as competition from generics was offset by revenue growth for other drugs. (ibtimes.com)
- Extra revenues from swine flu vaccines will only temporarily help Sanofi's battle to overcome a loss of about a fifth of its revenues in the next years due to patent expiries on blockbuster drugs, making way for cheaper copies from generic drugmakers. (ibtimes.com)
- Drinking water vaccines are increasingly employed in large swine operations. (merckvetmanual.com)
Highly contagious disease1
- But if you can, schedule the mammogram either before the vaccine or 4-6 weeks after the second dose , in keeping with new recommendations from the Society of Breast Imaging. (kpbs.org)
- A booster dose of the Tdap vaccine ó which protects against tetanus, diphtheria and pertussis ó is now required for children in public schools prior to entering the sixth grade. (salisburypost.com)
- For adults (dogs 16 weeks or older) receiving an initial rabies vaccine, one dose is considered protective. (vetstreet.com)
- For all dogs, a second dose one year after the initial vaccine is recommended. (vetstreet.com)
- All dogs should initially receive one dose of this product and a second dose 2 to 3 weeks later. (drugs.com)
- Milosz Faber, Ph.D., an Assistant Professor in the department of Microbiology and Immunology will pursue an innovative global health and development research project, titled "Development of a single dose contraceptive rabies vaccine. (healthcanal.com)
- The aim of this project is to develop a cost-effective and safe contraceptive rabies vaccine formulation that would accomplish both objectives with a single dose. (healthcanal.com)
- The vaccine uses the lowest and least harmful dose required to trigger an immune response to each particular ailment. (sitmeanssit.com)
- The convenient pre-measured pouches are easy to use allowing you to give the right dose based on our dogs weight, dogs usually eat it without a fuss when mixed with food. (bigdweb.com)
- Weigh your dog to make sure you are using the right dose. (bigdweb.com)
Spread of coronavirus1
- Following administration of the vaccine, protective antibodies are created - some of which will be passed on, giving the baby some level of protection from whooping cough in early life. (medicalnewstoday.com)
- Since vaccines stimulate the dog's immune system in the production of antigen-specific antibodies, this makes it a more efficient system when a real antigen comes along. (petside.com)
- If your dog has a history of vaccine reactions, is immune-compromised, or becomes exposed to a communicable disease, your vet may elect to perform titre testing to determine the level of protective antibodies present to combat a specific disease. (sitmeanssit.com)
- The mRNA is identical in the Pfizer and Moderna vaccines. (kpbs.org)
- The Pfizer vaccine uses salts to maintain the right acidity inside cells. (kpbs.org)
- Companies such as AstraZeneca, GlaxoSmithKline ( GSK ), Johnson & Johnson ( JNJ ), and Pfizer ( PFE ) are working with researchers across the world to ensure a vaccine can be manufactured at speed once one becomes available. (yahoo.com)
- WASHINGTON - Pfizer announced on Wednesday that it has reached its initial goal of 30,000 participants for the phase 3 trial of its coronavirus vaccine. (king5.com)
- The Pfizer vaccine is one of three vaccine candidates currently in the final testing stage in the U.S. One was created by the National Institutes of Health and manufactured by Moderna Inc. and the other is from AstraZeneca. (king5.com)
- Spencer Rollyson says he didn't think much of it when he experienced mild coronavirus symptoms in May. (newsadvance.com)
- During a presentation to investors on Tuesday, the company said participants were only showing mild to moderate side effects when given the vaccine or a placebo including fatigue, headache, chills and muscle pain. (king5.com)
- For most people, the new coronavirus causes mild or moderate symptoms like fever, cough and shortness of breath. (king5.com)
- When vaccines are injected into the body, your dog's immune system will attack them. (revivalanimal.com)
- Vaccines are also a critical part of ensuring your dog stays as healthy as possible, so it's important to discuss your dog's immunization schedule with your vet to make sure he is protected. (sitmeanssit.com)
- Each vaccine will vary in duration of protection based on both the manufacturer's recommendation and the individual dog's circumstances. (sitmeanssit.com)
- As always, follow your veterinarian's recommendations for keeping your dog protected, but make sure everyone is aware of your dog's lifestyle and medical history so that the correct recommendations may be made. (sitmeanssit.com)
- Buddy's vets later discovered the dog was likely also suffering from lymphoma, raising the question of whether animals -- like humans -- with pre-existing conditions might also be more susceptible to serious illness from the new coronavirus. (yahoo.com)
- Moreover, there are a number of biologically plausible reasons why boys may be more susceptible to the toxins in vaccines. (infowars.com)
- Any age dog can catch the illness, although dogs with a weakened immune system, younger dogs, or dogs that have not been vaccinated are most susceptible. (dog-health-guide.org)
- Also that in most cases Lepto and corona vaccines are not necessary. (vetinfo.com)
- So far the results of using dogs to sniff corona have been outstanding. (euobserver.com)
- The handler arranges the new container, plus four similar containers with negative corona-tests, in a random order on the floor and asks the dog to check the samples. (euobserver.com)
- The current discussion among health authorities is how to ensure such 'corona-dogs' have an official status, in line with dogs employed by customs authorities and police or used as service dogs helping blind or people suffering from epilepsy or diabetes. (euobserver.com)
- also reported that there are marked differences between wild-type and vaccine strains of CDV[ 5 ], thus whether CDV vaccine strains are able to provide protection from the current strains of CDV remains a question. (biomedcentral.com)
- It is difficult and necessary to discriminate between wild-type and vaccine strains because the attenuated CDV vaccine is used widely in China. (biomedcentral.com)
- P5(5'-GGTTTTATAAAAGATT), p6(5'-ATCTAGAGGTAA-3') were used as the primer specific for different CDV vaccine strains. (biomedcentral.com)
- Sanofi is awaiting European Union regulatory approval for two versions of its H1N1 flu vaccine, expecting clearance for the Panenza vaccine in the next couple weeks and for the Humenza adjuvented, or booster-type, vaccine by mid-December. (ibtimes.com)
- Even better, deer are naturally free-range, so you can rest assured you're feeding your dog the type of meat a wolf really would eat, rather than meat from the grocery store that may have been fed hormones and processed food. (moneytalksnews.com)
- or is the sociable type who romps at the park with other dog friends. (dogsnaturallymagazine.com)
- Vaccines against pneumonia, such as pneumococcal vaccine and Haemophilus influenzae type B vaccine, do not provide protection against the new coronavirus, according to the World Health Organization. (dispatch.com)
- Type 1 canine coronavirus and Type II canine coronavirus . (vetstream.com)
- It usually takes a year or a year and a half to establish mass production of this type of vaccine, but the situation is different now. (pravmir.com)
- The RT-nPCR method can be used to effectively detect and differentiate wild-type CDV-infected dogs from dogs vaccinated with CDV vaccine, and thus can be used in clinical detection and epidemiological surveillance. (biomedcentral.com)
- The multiplex reverse transcription-nested polymerase chain reaction (RT-nPCR) method could be used to effectively detect and differentiate between wild-type CDV-infected dogs from dogs which were vaccinated with CDV vaccine, which would make it useful in clinical diagnosis and epidemiological monitoring. (biomedcentral.com)
- A third canine coronavirus, CRCoV, detected in the respiratory tract, has [less than or equal to] 96.0% amino acid (aa) conservation in the spike (S) protein with bovine coronavirus within group 2 coronaviruses, which provides strong evidence for a recent host-species shift (2). (thefreelibrary.com)
- Diseases protected by core vaccines kill many animals per year. (vetinfo.com)
- Non-core vaccines are important to some dogs, but not to every dog. (vetinfo.com)
- Non-core vaccines are reserved for dogs with unique exposure risks or needs. (revivalanimal.com)
- The core vaccines should be given in a series of 3-4 shots between 6 and 16 weeks. (sitmeanssit.com)
- Rabies vaccinations are also important, but are generally given separately from the core vaccines. (ehow.co.uk)
- The core vaccines are injected in a combination shot, with two booster shots given at three-week intervals. (ehow.co.uk)
- Novibac Puppy-DPv is for dogs 4 weeks of age or older. (valleyvet.com)
- Some puppy vaccines protect against the two most common serovars, while others protect against all four. (revivalanimal.com)
- It helps ensure that your puppy will grow into a healthier dog, living its full potential. (petside.com)
- How do I know which shot to give my dog or puppy? (jefferspet.com)
- There seems to be a lot of confusion and some very common misconceptions about puppy shots and dog vaccinations in general. (jefferspet.com)
- You can get a puppy, a hypoallergenic, nonshedding, or low shedding dog, or you can get a specific dog breed you've always wanted. (checkcity.com)
- Dog breeders might offer payment plans so you can pay them in a few installments rather than all at once, but generally a puppy from a breeder is going to cost you $1,000 or more. (checkcity.com)
- I fully appreciate that my stance is a radical one, and that it might be scary for the majority of dog lovers to fly with a puppy in their arms without a vaccine safety net. (dogsnaturallymagazine.com)
- It was about $350 all said and done for our puppy, which included one 'well puppy' visit right after we got her, and two additional visits for vaccines (she had one set of shots before we got her). (metafilter.com)
- Like humans, dogs are more genetically diverse than lab rodents are. (sciencemag.org)
- Unfortunately, this debate has fueled a largely unwarranted backlash against vaccinations in general, which protect dogs from dangerous (and sometimes fatal) diseases while also protecting humans from diseases (such as rabies) that are transmissible across species. (vetstreet.com)
- Like diseases among humans, treating diseases in dogs requires pet parents to shell out money from their savings. (petside.com)
- Coronaviruses cause acute and chronic respiratory, gastrointestinal, and central nervous system diseases in many species of animals, including humans. (gopetsamerica.com)
- Similarly, changes in tissue tropisms in porcine and murine coronaviruses (5, 6) and adaptation of the recently recognized severe acute respiratory syndrome-associated coronavirus (7) to humans have been related to mutations or deletions. (thefreelibrary.com)
- State laws require dogs to have current vaccines for specific deadly diseases, such as rabies. (vetinfo.com)
- Your dog may need additional dog vaccines for localized diseases. (vetinfo.com)
- Non-core vaccinations for dogs protect against diseases localized to certain regions in the world. (vetinfo.com)
- Some of these diseases spread through contact with infected animals, lessening the threat to dogs that rarely leave their home. (vetinfo.com)
- Unlike many dog diseases, Parvovirus kills a dog within two or three days. (vetinfo.com)
- That's because it is actually a combination of vaccines in one injection that will protect your pet from several serious diseases. (vetstreet.com)
- They prepare your dog in fighting certain diseases. (petside.com)
- This is how vaccines can prevent diseases. (petside.com)
- Your vet could offer a different recommendation each time he sees your dog, as there are continual changes in our understanding of the immune system, changes in local/regional population susceptibilities to various diseases, longer animal life expectancies, and improved medical record systems, which allows for better tracking of the short, medium, and long-term effects of vaccine use/administration. (sitmeanssit.com)
- Neonatal respiratory diseases are typical not only to dogs. (brightsurf.com)
Kennel cough vaccine2
- Not all vaccines have to be administered with a syringe, and researchers from the University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine have developed a vaccine that would be deployed via a fingertip-sized patch. (bgr.com)
- UCSF researchers develop nasal spray to fight coronavirus. (fbresearch.org)
- If the vaccine pans out, the researchers say it is scalable. (ecowatch.com)
- We explore a few projections out to spring 2021 that exclude vaccine and treatment availability," said the researchers. (indiatvnews.com)
- I'm under the impression that adult dogs do not need yearly vaccinations and that rabies vaccines need be given only every three years. (vetinfo.com)
- The university last month announced the start of a trial of the vaccine in about 10,000 adult volunteers. (yahoo.com)
- An adult dog should then be placed on a monthly heartworm medication to protect against parasites. (reference.com)