An ethylmercury-sulfidobenzoate that has been used as a preservative in VACCINES; ANTIVENINS; and OINTMENTS. It was formerly used as a topical antiseptic. It degrades to ethylmercury and thiosalicylate.
Vaccines used to prevent infection by viruses in the family ORTHOMYXOVIRIDAE. It includes both killed and attenuated vaccines. The composition of the vaccines is changed each year in response to antigenic shifts and changes in prevalence of influenza virus strains. The vaccine is usually bivalent or trivalent, containing one or two INFLUENZAVIRUS A strains and one INFLUENZAVIRUS B strain.
An acute viral infection in humans involving the respiratory tract. It is marked by inflammation of the NASAL MUCOSA; the PHARYNX; and conjunctiva, and by headache and severe, often generalized, myalgia.
The type species of the genus INFLUENZAVIRUS A that causes influenza and other diseases in humans and animals. Antigenic variation occurs frequently between strains, allowing classification into subtypes and variants. Transmission is usually by aerosol (human and most non-aquatic hosts) or waterborne (ducks). Infected birds shed the virus in their saliva, nasal secretions, and feces.
Vaccines in which the infectious microbial nucleic acid components have been destroyed by chemical or physical treatment (e.g., formalin, beta-propiolactone, gamma radiation) without affecting the antigenicity or immunogenicity of the viral coat or bacterial outer membrane proteins.
Suspensions of killed or attenuated microorganisms (bacteria, viruses, fungi, protozoa), antigenic proteins, synthetic constructs, or other bio-molecular derivatives, administered for the prevention, amelioration, or treatment of infectious and other diseases.
A subtype of INFLUENZA A VIRUS with the surface proteins hemagglutinin 1 and neuraminidase 1. The H1N1 subtype was responsible for the Spanish flu pandemic of 1918.
A medical specialty concerned with maintaining health and providing medical care to children from birth to adolescence.
Species of the genus INFLUENZAVIRUS B that cause HUMAN INFLUENZA and other diseases primarily in humans. Antigenic variation is less extensive than in type A viruses (INFLUENZA A VIRUS) and consequently there is no basis for distinct subtypes or variants. Epidemics are less likely than with INFLUENZA A VIRUS and there have been no pandemics. Previously only found in humans, Influenza B virus has been isolated from seals which may constitute the animal reservoir from which humans are exposed.
Substances added to pharmaceutical preparations to protect them from chemical change or microbial action. They include ANTI-BACTERIAL AGENTS and antioxidants.
A subtype of INFLUENZA A VIRUS comprised of the surface proteins hemagglutinin 3 and neuraminidase 2. The H3N2 subtype was responsible for the Hong Kong flu pandemic of 1968.
Organic mercury compounds in which the mercury is attached to an ethyl group.
Administration of vaccines to stimulate the host's immune response. This includes any preparation intended for active immunological prophylaxis.
Suspensions of attenuated or killed viruses administered for the prevention or treatment of infectious viral disease.
A subtype of INFLUENZA A VIRUS comprised of the surface proteins hemagglutinin 5 and neuraminidase 1. The H5N1 subtype, frequently referred to as the bird flu virus, is endemic in wild birds and very contagious among both domestic (POULTRY) and wild birds. It does not usually infect humans, but some cases have been reported.
Infection of domestic and wild fowl and other BIRDS with INFLUENZA A VIRUS. Avian influenza usually does not sicken birds, but can be highly pathogenic and fatal in domestic POULTRY.
Two or more vaccines in a single dosage form.
Small synthetic peptides that mimic surface antigens of pathogens and are immunogenic, or vaccines manufactured with the aid of recombinant DNA techniques. The latter vaccines may also be whole viruses whose nucleic acids have been modified.
Recombinant DNA vectors encoding antigens administered for the prevention or treatment of disease. The host cells take up the DNA, express the antigen, and present it to the immune system in a manner similar to that which would occur during natural infection. This induces humoral and cellular immune responses against the encoded antigens. The vector is called naked DNA because there is no need for complex formulations or delivery agents; the plasmid is injected in saline or other buffers.
Serologic tests in which a known quantity of antigen is added to the serum prior to the addition of a red cell suspension. Reaction result is expressed as the smallest amount of antigen which causes complete inhibition of hemagglutination.
Suspensions of attenuated or killed bacteria administered for the prevention or treatment of infectious bacterial disease.
Membrane glycoproteins from influenza viruses which are involved in hemagglutination, virus attachment, and envelope fusion. Fourteen distinct subtypes of HA glycoproteins and nine of NA glycoproteins have been identified from INFLUENZA A VIRUS; no subtypes have been identified for Influenza B or Influenza C viruses.
Immunoglobulins produced in response to VIRAL ANTIGENS.
Vaccines consisting of one or more antigens that stimulate a strong immune response. They are purified from microorganisms or produced by recombinant DNA techniques, or they can be chemically synthesized peptides.
Vaccines or candidate vaccines containing inactivated HIV or some of its component antigens and designed to prevent or treat AIDS. Some vaccines containing antigens are recombinantly produced.
Virus diseases caused by the ORTHOMYXOVIRIDAE.
A family of RNA viruses causing INFLUENZA and other diseases. There are five recognized genera: INFLUENZAVIRUS A; INFLUENZAVIRUS B; INFLUENZAVIRUS C; ISAVIRUS; and THOGOTOVIRUS.
Epidemics of infectious disease that have spread to many countries, often more than one continent, and usually affecting a large number of people.
Semisynthetic vaccines consisting of polysaccharide antigens from microorganisms attached to protein carrier molecules. The carrier protein is recognized by macrophages and T-cells thus enhancing immunity. Conjugate vaccines induce antibody formation in people not responsive to polysaccharide alone, induce higher levels of antibody, and show a booster response on repeated injection.
Sorbitan mono-9-octadecanoate poly(oxy-1,2-ethanediyl) derivatives; complex mixtures of polyoxyethylene ethers used as emulsifiers or dispersing agents in pharmaceuticals.
Substances that augment, stimulate, activate, potentiate, or modulate the immune response at either the cellular or humoral level. The classical agents (Freund's adjuvant, BCG, Corynebacterium parvum, et al.) contain bacterial antigens. Some are endogenous (e.g., histamine, interferon, transfer factor, tuftsin, interleukin-1). Their mode of action is either non-specific, resulting in increased immune responsiveness to a wide variety of antigens, or antigen-specific, i.e., affecting a restricted type of immune response to a narrow group of antigens. The therapeutic efficacy of many biological response modifiers is related to their antigen-specific immunoadjuvanticity.
Vaccines made from antigens arising from any of the four strains of Plasmodium which cause malaria in humans, or from P. berghei which causes malaria in rodents.
Protection conferred on a host by inoculation with one strain or component of a microorganism that prevents infection when later challenged with a similar strain. Most commonly the microorganism is a virus.
Schedule giving optimum times usually for primary and/or secondary immunization.
Live vaccines prepared from microorganisms which have undergone physical adaptation (e.g., by radiation or temperature conditioning) or serial passage in laboratory animal hosts or infected tissue/cell cultures, in order to produce avirulent mutant strains capable of inducing protective immunity.
Vaccines using VIROSOMES as the antigen delivery system that stimulates the desired immune response.
Divisions of the year according to some regularly recurrent phenomena usually astronomical or climatic. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)
Vaccines or candidate vaccines used to prevent PAPILLOMAVIRUS INFECTIONS. Human vaccines are intended to reduce the incidence of UTERINE CERVICAL NEOPLASMS, so they are sometimes considered a type of CANCER VACCINES. They are often composed of CAPSID PROTEINS, especially L1 protein, from various types of ALPHAPAPILLOMAVIRUS.
Delivery of medications through the nasal mucosa.
Vaccines or candidate vaccines used to prevent infection with NEISSERIA MENINGITIDIS.
A subtype of INFLUENZA A VIRUS comprised of the surface proteins hemagglutinin 9 and neuraminidase 2. The H9N2 subtype usually infects domestic birds (POULTRY) but there have been some human infections reported.
A subtype of INFLUENZA A VIRUS comprised of the surface proteins hemagglutinin 2 and neuraminidase 2. The H2N2 subtype was responsible for the Asian flu pandemic of 1957.
Sudden increase in the incidence of a disease. The concept includes EPIDEMICS and PANDEMICS.
A subtype of INFLUENZA A VIRUS comprised of the surface proteins hemagglutinin 3 and neuraminidase 8. The H3N8 subtype has frequently been found in horses.
Any immunization following a primary immunization and involving exposure to the same or a closely related antigen.
Vaccines or candidate vaccines containing inactivated hepatitis B or some of its component antigens and designed to prevent hepatitis B. Some vaccines may be recombinantly produced.
Organized services to administer immunization procedures in the prevention of various diseases. The programs are made available over a wide range of sites: schools, hospitals, public health agencies, voluntary health agencies, etc. They are administered to an equally wide range of population groups or on various administrative levels: community, municipal, state, national, international.
A live attenuated virus vaccine of chick embryo origin, used for routine immunization of children and for immunization of adolescents and adults who have not had measles or been immunized with live measles vaccine and have no serum antibodies against measles. Children are usually immunized with measles-mumps-rubella combination vaccine. (From Dorland, 28th ed)
The forcing into the skin of liquid medication, nutrient, or other fluid through a hollow needle, piercing the top skin layer.
Forceful administration into a muscle of liquid medication, nutrient, or other fluid through a hollow needle piercing the muscle and any tissue covering it.
An enzyme that catalyzes the hydrolysis of alpha-2,3, alpha-2,6-, and alpha-2,8-glycosidic linkages (at a decreasing rate, respectively) of terminal sialic residues in oligosaccharides, glycoproteins, glycolipids, colominic acid, and synthetic substrate. (From Enzyme Nomenclature, 1992)
A suspension of killed Bordetella pertussis organisms, used for immunization against pertussis (WHOOPING COUGH). It is generally used in a mixture with diphtheria and tetanus toxoids (DTP). There is an acellular pertussis vaccine prepared from the purified antigenic components of Bordetella pertussis, which causes fewer adverse reactions than whole-cell vaccine and, like the whole-cell vaccine, is generally used in a mixture with diphtheria and tetanus toxoids. (From Dorland, 28th ed)
Vaccines or candidate vaccines containing antigenic polysaccharides from Haemophilus influenzae and designed to prevent infection. The vaccine can contain the polysaccharides alone or more frequently polysaccharides conjugated to carrier molecules. It is also seen as a combined vaccine with diphtheria-tetanus-pertussis vaccine.
Antibodies that reduce or abolish some biological activity of a soluble antigen or infectious agent, usually a virus.
Deliberate stimulation of the host's immune response. ACTIVE IMMUNIZATION involves administration of ANTIGENS or IMMUNOLOGIC ADJUVANTS. PASSIVE IMMUNIZATION involves administration of IMMUNE SERA or LYMPHOCYTES or their extracts (e.g., transfer factor, immune RNA) or transplantation of immunocompetent cell producing tissue (thymus or bone marrow).
An active immunizing agent and a viable avirulent attenuated strain of Mycobacterium tuberculosis, var. bovis, which confers immunity to mycobacterial infections. It is used also in immunotherapy of neoplasms due to its stimulation of antibodies and non-specific immunity.
A suspension of formalin-inactivated poliovirus grown in monkey kidney cell tissue culture and used to prevent POLIOMYELITIS.
Vaccines or candidate vaccines used to prevent and treat RABIES. The inactivated virus vaccine is used for preexposure immunization to persons at high risk of exposure, and in conjunction with rabies immunoglobulin, for postexposure prophylaxis.
Vaccines or candidate vaccines used to prevent infection with ROTAVIRUS.
Specific hemagglutinin subtypes encoded by VIRUSES.
Vaccines or candidate vaccines used to prevent infection with VIBRIO CHOLERAE. The original cholera vaccine consisted of killed bacteria, but other kinds of vaccines now exist.
The production of ANTIBODIES by proliferating and differentiated B-LYMPHOCYTES under stimulation by ANTIGENS.
Antibody-mediated immune response. Humoral immunity is brought about by ANTIBODY FORMATION, resulting from TH2 CELLS activating B-LYMPHOCYTES, followed by COMPLEMENT ACTIVATION.
Administration of a vaccine to large populations in order to elicit IMMUNITY.
Viruses containing two or more pieces of nucleic acid (segmented genome) from different parents. Such viruses are produced in cells coinfected with different strains of a given virus.
Vaccines used to prevent TYPHOID FEVER and/or PARATYPHOID FEVER which are caused by various species of SALMONELLA. Attenuated, subunit, and inactivated forms of the vaccines exist.
Vaccines used to prevent infection by MUMPS VIRUS. Best known is the live attenuated virus vaccine of chick embryo origin, used for routine immunization of children and for immunization of adolescents and adults who have not had mumps or been immunized with live mumps vaccine. Children are usually immunized with measles-mumps-rubella combination vaccine.
A live VACCINIA VIRUS vaccine of calf lymph or chick embryo origin, used for immunization against smallpox. It is now recommended only for laboratory workers exposed to smallpox virus. Certain countries continue to vaccinate those in the military service. Complications that result from smallpox vaccination include vaccinia, secondary bacterial infections, and encephalomyelitis. (Dorland, 28th ed)
Vaccines or candidate vaccines used to prevent or treat TUBERCULOSIS.
A live, attenuated varicella virus vaccine used for immunization against chickenpox. It is recommended for children between the ages of 12 months and 13 years.
A vaccine consisting of DIPHTHERIA TOXOID; TETANUS TOXOID; and whole-cell PERTUSSIS VACCINE. The vaccine protects against diphtheria, tetanus, and whooping cough.
Spread and adoption of inventions and techniques from one geographic area to another, from one discipline to another, or from one sector of the economy to another. For example, improvements in medical equipment may be transferred from industrial countries to developing countries, advances arising from aerospace engineering may be applied to equipment for persons with disabilities, and innovations in science arising from government research are made available to private enterprise.
A combined vaccine used to prevent MEASLES; MUMPS; and RUBELLA.
The application of scientific knowledge or technology to pharmacy and the pharmaceutical industry. It includes methods, techniques, and instrumentation in the manufacture, preparation, compounding, dispensing, packaging, and storing of drugs and other preparations used in diagnostic and determinative procedures, and in the treatment of patients.
Vaccines using supra-molecular structures composed of multiple copies of recombinantly expressed viral structural proteins. They are often antigentically indistinguishable from the virus from which they were derived.
Substances which are of little or no therapeutic value, but are necessary in the manufacture, compounding, storage, etc., of pharmaceutical preparations or drug dosage forms. They include SOLVENTS, diluting agents, and suspending agents, and emulsifying agents. Also, ANTIOXIDANTS; PRESERVATIVES, PHARMACEUTICAL; COLORING AGENTS; FLAVORING AGENTS; VEHICLES; EXCIPIENTS; OINTMENT BASES.
Serological reactions in which an antiserum against one antigen reacts with a non-identical but closely related antigen.
Vaccines or candidate vaccines used to prevent infection with hepatitis A virus (HEPATOVIRUS).
The measurement of infection-blocking titer of ANTISERA by testing a series of dilutions for a given virus-antiserum interaction end-point, which is generally the dilution at which tissue cultures inoculated with the serum-virus mixtures demonstrate cytopathology (CPE) or the dilution at which 50% of test animals injected with serum-virus mixtures show infectivity (ID50) or die (LD50).
Substances elaborated by viruses that have antigenic activity.
Monitoring of rate of occurrence of specific conditions to assess the stability or change in health levels of a population. It is also the study of disease rates in a specific cohort such as in a geographic area or population subgroup to estimate trends in a larger population. (From Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 2d ed)
A subtype of INFLUENZA A VIRUS with the surface proteins hemagglutinin 7 and neuraminidase 9. This avian origin virus was first identified in humans in 2013.
Semidomesticated variety of European polecat much used for hunting RODENTS and/or RABBITS and as a laboratory animal. It is in the subfamily Mustelinae, family MUSTELIDAE.
Vaccines or candidate vaccines used to prevent STREPTOCOCCAL INFECTIONS.
Vaccines or candidate vaccines used to prevent ANTHRAX.
An infant during the first month after birth.
Vaccines or candidate vaccines used to prevent infection with DENGUE VIRUS. These include live-attenuated, subunit, DNA, and inactivated vaccines.
Intracellular receptors that bind to INOSITOL 1,4,5-TRISPHOSPHATE and play an important role in its intracellular signaling. Inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate receptors are calcium channels that release CALCIUM in response to increased levels of inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate in the CYTOPLASM.
Agents that cause agglutination of red blood cells. They include antibodies, blood group antigens, lectins, autoimmune factors, bacterial, viral, or parasitic blood agglutinins, etc.
The major immunoglobulin isotype class in normal human serum. There are several isotype subclasses of IgG, for example, IgG1, IgG2A, and IgG2B.
Warm-blooded VERTEBRATES possessing FEATHERS and belonging to the class Aves.
An acetamido cyclohexene that is a structural homolog of SIALIC ACID and inhibits NEURAMINIDASE.
A silver metallic element that exists as a liquid at room temperature. It has the atomic symbol Hg (from hydrargyrum, liquid silver), atomic number 80, and atomic weight 200.59. Mercury is used in many industrial applications and its salts have been employed therapeutically as purgatives, antisyphilitics, disinfectants, and astringents. It can be absorbed through the skin and mucous membranes which leads to MERCURY POISONING. Because of its toxicity, the clinical use of mercury and mercurials is diminishing.
Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.
An epithelial cell line derived from a kidney of a normal adult female dog.
A reagent commonly used in biochemical studies as a protective agent to prevent the oxidation of SH (thiol) groups and for reducing disulphides to dithiols.
A subtype of INFLUENZA A VIRUS comprised of the surface proteins hemagglutinin 7 and neuraminidase 7. The H7N7 subtype produced an epidemic in 2003 which was highly pathogenic among domestic birds (POULTRY). Some infections in humans were reported.
The expelling of virus particles from the body. Important routes include the respiratory tract, genital tract, and intestinal tract. Virus shedding is an important means of vertical transmission (INFECTIOUS DISEASE TRANSMISSION, VERTICAL).
Any vaccine raised against any virus or viral derivative that causes hepatitis.
A genus of the family ORTHOMYXOVIRUS causing HUMAN INFLUENZA and other diseases primarily in humans. In contrast to INFLUENZAVIRUS A, no distinct antigenic subtypes of hemagglutinin (HEMAGGLUTININS) and NEURAMINIDASE are recognized.
A live attenuated virus vaccine of duck embryo or human diploid cell tissue culture origin, used for routine immunization of children and for immunization of nonpregnant adolescent and adult females of childbearing age who are unimmunized and do not have serum antibodies to rubella. Children are usually immunized with measles-mumps-rubella combination vaccine. (Dorland, 28th ed)
Disorders that result from the intended use of PHARMACEUTICAL PREPARATIONS. Included in this heading are a broad variety of chemically-induced adverse conditions due to toxicity, DRUG INTERACTIONS, and metabolic effects of pharmaceuticals.
A live vaccine containing attenuated poliovirus, types I, II, and III, grown in monkey kidney cell tissue culture, used for routine immunization of children against polio. This vaccine induces long-lasting intestinal and humoral immunity. Killed vaccine induces only humoral immunity. Oral poliovirus vaccine should not be administered to immunocompromised individuals or their household contacts. (Dorland, 28th ed)
Immunoglobulins produced in a response to BACTERIAL ANTIGENS.
Vaccine used to prevent YELLOW FEVER. It consists of a live attenuated 17D strain of the YELLOW FEVER VIRUS.
Aluminum metal sulfate compounds used medically as astringents and for many industrial purposes. They are used in veterinary medicine for the treatment of ulcerative stomatitis, leukorrhea, conjunctivitis, pharyngitis, metritis, and minor wounds.
The relationship between an elicited ADAPTIVE IMMUNE RESPONSE and the dose of the vaccine administered.
A suspension of killed Yersinia pestis used for immunizing people in enzootic plague areas.
A subtype of INFLUENZA A VIRUS comprised of the surface proteins hemagglutinin 5 and neuraminidase 2. The H5N2 subtype has been found to be highly pathogenic in chickens.
Suspensions of attenuated or killed fungi administered for the prevention or treatment of infectious fungal disease.
Ongoing scrutiny of a population (general population, study population, target population, etc.), generally using methods distinguished by their practicability, uniformity, and frequently their rapidity, rather than by complete accuracy.
Intracellular messenger formed by the action of phospholipase C on phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate, which is one of the phospholipids that make up the cell membrane. Inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate is released into the cytoplasm where it releases calcium ions from internal stores within the cell's endoplasmic reticulum. These calcium ions stimulate the activity of B kinase or calmodulin.
... and the American Academy of Pediatrics asked vaccine manufacturers to remove thiomersal from vaccines as a purely precautionary ... "Seasonal Influenza Vaccine Supply for the U.S. 2016-2017 Influenza Season , Seasonal Influenza (Flu) , CDC". Retrieved ... American Academy of Pediatrics. Retrieved August 24, 2019. "Safety data sheet, Thiomersal Ph Eur, BP, USP" (PDF). Merck. June ... other vaccines may contain a trace of thiomersal from steps in manufacture. The multi-dose versions of the influenza vaccines ...
Thiomersal is now absent from all common US and European vaccines, except for some preparations of influenza vaccine. (Trace ... and the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) to request vaccine makers to remove thiomersal from vaccines as quickly as ... A 2011 article in the British Medical Journal described how the data in the study had been falsified by Wakefield so that it ... "Vaccine Safety & Availability - Thimerosal in Vaccines". FDA. 5 April 2019. Bose-O'Reilly S, McCarty KM, Steckling N, Lettmeier ...
"Thimerosal in Flu Vaccine". Retrieved 7 April 2016. Centers for Disease Control. "TABLE. Influenza vaccines - United States, ... "Thimerosal-containing Vaccines and Autistic Spectrum Disorder: A Critical Review of Published Original Data". Pediatrics. 114 ( ... CDC PUBLISHES THIMEROSAL IN VACCINES Notice to Readers: Thimerosal in Vaccines Baker JP (2008). "Mercury, Vaccines, and Autism ... some vaccines continue to contain non-trace amounts of thiomersal, mainly in multi-dose vaccines targeted against influenza, ...
6 Influenza Vaccine". In Stratton K, Ford A, Rusch E, Clayton EW (eds.). Adverse Effects of Vaccines: Evidence and Causality. ... it concluded that neither the MMR vaccine, which has never contained thimerosal, nor the vaccine components thimerosal or ... There is some emerging data that show positive effects of risperidone on restricted and repetitive behaviors (i.e., stimming; e ... In October 2015, the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) proposed new evidence-based recommendations for early interventions ...
Single-dose influenza vaccines supplied in the UK do not list thiomersal in the ingredients. Preservatives may be used at ... "Vaccine Status Table". Red Book Online. American Academy of Pediatrics. April 26, 2011. Archived from the original on December ... With Big Data: Measles Vaccine Doesn't Cause Autism". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2019-03-13. CDC (2018-07-12 ... Examples include IPV (polio vaccine), hepatitis A vaccine, rabies vaccine and most influenza vaccines. Some vaccines contain ...
Due to the controversy surrounding thiomersal it has been removed from most vaccines except multi-use influenza, where it was ... "Vaccine Status Table". Red Book Online. American Academy of Pediatrics. April 26, 2011. Archived from the original on December ... "Our World in Data.. *^ Hardman Reis T (2006). "The role of intellectual property in the global challenge for immunization". J ... vaccines that have proven effective include the influenza vaccine,[8] the HPV vaccine,[9] and the chicken pox vaccine.[10] The ...
Thiomersal is now absent from all common US and European vaccines, except for some preparations of influenza vaccine. Trace ... Parties opposed to the use of vaccines frequently refer to data obtained from the US Vaccine Adverse Event Reporting System ( ... As a result, in 1999, the Centers for Disease Control (CDC) and the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) asked vaccine makers ... "Thimerosal and Vaccines". FDA. Offit PA (September 2007). "Thimerosal and vaccines - a cautionary tale". The New ...
Vaccine Advisory Committee where she chaired the Working Group to assess the safety of the 2009 Epidemic H1N1 Influenza Vaccine ... Bridging the Research Data Divide. Country Library of Medicine Search Results for author McCormick MC on PubMed. Maternal and ... Pediatrics. 2006 Mar;117(3):771-80. 16510657, accessed 03/06/2018 02:31:02 AM UTC Marie McCormick is married to Robert J. ... Washington, DC: National Academy Press, 2001.[page needed] Immunization Safety Review: Vaccines and Autism. Washington, D.C.: ...
... and thiomersal has been phased out of US and European vaccines, except for some preparations of influenza vaccine. The CDC and ... No scientific data support the claim that mercury compounds in vaccine preservatives cause autism or its symptoms. Compounds of ... In 1999, the Centers for Disease Control (CDC) and the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) asked vaccine makers to remove the ... Since 2000, the thiomersal in child vaccines has been alleged to contribute to autism, and thousands of parents in the United ...
doi:10.1016/j.vaccine.2011.09.124. PMID 22001122. "Thimerosal in Vaccines Thimerosal , Concerns , Vaccine Safety , CDC". www. ... Ball LK, Ball R, Pratt RD (May 2001). "An assessment of thimerosal use in childhood vaccines". Pediatrics. 107 (5): 1147-54. ... The influenza vaccine was tested in controlled trials and proven to have negligible side effects equal to that of a placebo. ... "Global Immunization Data" (PDF). Ehreth J (January 2003). "The global value of vaccination". Vaccine. 21 (7-8): 596-600. doi: ...
"Thimerosal-containing vaccines and autistic spectrum disorder: a critical review of published original data". Pediatrics. 114 ( ... vaccines recommended for children 6 years of age and under, with the exception of inactivated influenza vaccine.[49] ... Thiomersal (called Thimerosal in the United States) is an organic compound used as a preservative in vaccines, though this use ... "Thimerosal in Vaccines". Archived from the original on 26 October 2006. Retrieved 25 October 2006.. ...
"Thimerosal-containing vaccines and autistic spectrum disorder: a critical review of published original data". Pediatrics. 114 ( ... vaccines recommended for children 6 years of age and under, with the exception of inactivated influenza vaccine. Another ... "Thimerosal-containing vaccines and autistic spectrum disorder: a critical review of published original data". Pediatrics. 115 ( ... Thiomersal (called Thimerosal in the United States) is an organic compound used as a preservative in vaccines, though this use ...
... and the American Academy of Pediatrics asked vaccine manufacturers to remove thiomersal from vaccines as a purely precautionary ... "Seasonal Influenza Vaccine Supply for the U.S. 2016-2017 Influenza Season , Seasonal Influenza (Flu) , CDC". ... "Safety data sheet, Thiomersal Ph Eur, BP, USP" (PDF). Merck. 2005-06-12. Retrieved 2010-01-01.. ... Autism cases in vaccine court: *. Sugarman SD (2007). "Cases in vaccine court - legal battles over vaccines and autism". N Engl ...
He was opposed by vaccine critics, many of whom believe vaccines cause autism, a belief that has been rejected by major medical ... "Pediatrics. 123 (1): e164-9. doi:10.1542/peds.2008-2189. PMID 19117838. Lay summary - WebMD (2008-12-29).. ... "Effect of microencapsulation on immunogenicity of a bovine herpes virus glycoprotein and inactivated influenza virus in mice". ... Thiomersal. *Andrew Wakefield. *Cedillo v. Secretary of Health and Human Services. *Alternative vaccination schedule ...
Hilleman was one of the early vaccine pioneers to warn about the possibility that simian viruses might contaminate vaccines.[8] ... That helped him to recognize that a 1957 outbreak of influenza in Hong Kong could become a huge pandemic. Working on a hunch, ... At the time of his death on April 11, 2005, at the age of 85, Hilleman was Adjunct Professor of Pediatrics at the University of ... Data from Wikidata *Hilleman - A Perilous Quest to Save the World's Children (a documentary about his life) ...
Due to the controversy surrounding thimerosal it has been removed from most vaccines except multi-use influenza, where it was ... "Vaccine Status Table". Red Book Online. American Academy of Pediatrics. April 26, 2011. Archived from the original on December ... "Our World in Data.. *^ Hardman Reis T (2006). "The role of intellectual property in the global challenge for immunization". J ... vaccines that have proven effective include the influenza vaccine,[6] the HPV vaccine,[7] and the chicken pox vaccine.[8] The ...
Thimerosal-containing vaccines and autistic spectrum disorder: a critical review of published original data. Pediatrics. 2005; ... Lee-Wong M, Resnick D, Chong K. A generalized reaction to thimerosal from an influenza vaccine. Ann Allergy Asthma Immunol. ... 27. Food and Drug Administration. Thimerosal in vaccines. Frequently asked questions ( ... Thimerosal in vaccines: a joint statement of the American Academy of Pediatrics and the Public Health Service. MMWR. 1999; 48: ...
Influenza Virus Vaccine Inactivated reference guide for safe and effective use from the American Society of Health-System ... Thimerosal-containing vaccines and autistic spectrum disorder: a critical review of published original data. Pediatrics. 2005; ... inactivated influenza vaccine (i.e., influenza vaccine inactivated or influenza vaccine recombinant) can be used.100 112 These ... influenza vaccine inactivated (IIV), influenza vaccine recombinant (RIV), and influenza vaccine live intranasal (LAIV).100 ...
AAP-American Academy of Pediatrics • TIV-trivalent inactivated influenza vaccine • LAIV-live-attenuated influenza vaccine • CDC ... among children who receive thimerosal-containing vaccines than among children who do not receive vaccines containing thimerosal ... No data are available for other influenza vaccine-administration scenarios. Source: adapted with permission from American ... trivalent inactivated influenza vaccine (TIV) and live-attenuated influenza vaccine (LAIV). Both vaccines contain the same 2 ...
Understanding vaccine facts can help you avoid vaccine misinformation and make sure your kids are safe from vaccine-preventable ... Thimerosal and the Occurrence of Autism: Negative Ecological Evidence From Danish Population-Based Data. Pediatrics, Sep 2003; ... Misconceptions about Seasonal Influenza and Influenza Vaccines. Accessed February 2011.. *. CDC. Public-Sector Vaccination ... Thimerosal in vaccines was never linked to autism.. *Even with the removal of thimerosal, there are still other vaccine ...
not receive live attenuated influenza vaccine. Because of the. Selected Vaccines Important for Patients With theoretical risk ... lance data and state immunization reports, used statistical statement calling for the removal of thimerosal from vac-. models ... Health, Epidemiology, and Pediatrics, This article provides an overview of the importance of vaccines in the context of can- ... policy debate about vaccine mandates.35 reduced by the Vaccines for Children (VFC) program,. Vaccine mandates are promulgated ...
... linking spontaneous abortions in women to flu vaccines. The study reviewed data ... 2003 Pediatrics 112:1039), among many other developmental disorders. My book, Thimerosal: Let the Science Speak, details over ... 2017 Vaccine 35:5314) linking spontaneous abortions in women to flu vaccines. The study reviewed data for the 2010-11 and 2011- ... Kaisers data showed that those women who received the seasonal flu vaccine (between 2000 and 2010, when the majority of ...
data on the efficacy and effectiveness of influenza vaccine in young. children." And a British Medical Journal article the same ... vaccines, none of which can be supported with any facts or evidence.. They will characterize Thimerosals toxicity as ... authored in Pediatrics, they did find a correlation between. Thimerosal and both "tics" and "language delay." So, heres ... tell you ethyl-mercury, the kind used in Thimerosal, is less toxic.. There is no data to support this and in fact a recent ...
2001) Efficacy of inactivated and cold-adapted vaccines against influenza A infection, 1985 to 1990: the pediatric experience. ... Lemon, S.M., and Thomas D.L. (1997) Vaccines to prevent viral hepatitis. N Engl J Med 336 (3), 196-204. Neuzil, K.M., et al. ( ... 2004) Thimerosal-containing vaccines and autistic spectrum disorder: a critical review of published original data. Pediatrics ... women following administration of trivalent inactivated influenza vaccine and live attenuated influenza vaccine in the Vaccine ...
... everyone who needs to know the facts about vaccines and immunization. ... these data sets-along with many other studies-were used by the Institute of Medicines Vaccine Safety Review of thimerosal and ... The VSD has been used to examine a number of vaccine safety issues, including the safety of inactivated influenza vaccine among ... A New Tool for Improving Vaccine Safety Monitoring in the United States. Pediatrics, 99:765-73. ...
... only exceptions among vaccines routinely recommended for children are some formulations of the inactivated influenza vaccine ... "Mercury levels in newborns and infants after receipt of thimerosal-containing vaccines". Pediatrics. 121 (2): e208-14. doi: ... "Thiomersal Ph Eur, BP, USP material safety data sheet" (PDF). Merck. 2005-06-12. Retrieved 2007-10-01.. Check date values in: , ... Bigham M, Copes R (2005). "Thiomersal in vaccines: balancing the risk of adverse effects with the risk of vaccine-preventable ...
... of IIV rather than delaying immunization while waiting for vaccines with reduced-thimerosal content or thimerosal-free vaccine ... If local or national influenza surveillance data indicate a predominance of a particular influenza strain with known antiviral ... LAIV does not contain thimerosal. Vaccine manufacturers are delivering increasing amounts of thimerosal-free influenza vaccine ... inactivated influenza vaccine. IIV3 - trivalent inactivated influenza vaccine. IIV4 - quadrivalent inactivated influenza ...
... and the American Academy of Pediatrics asked vaccine manufacturers to remove thiomersal from vaccines as a purely precautionary ... "Seasonal Influenza Vaccine Supply for the U.S. 2016-2017 Influenza Season , Seasonal Influenza (Flu) , CDC". Retrieved ... American Academy of Pediatrics. Retrieved August 24, 2019. "Safety data sheet, Thiomersal Ph Eur, BP, USP" (PDF). Merck. June ... other vaccines may contain a trace of thiomersal from steps in manufacture. The multi-dose versions of the influenza vaccines ...
Thiomersal is now absent from all common US and European vaccines, except for some preparations of influenza vaccine. (Trace ... and the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) to request vaccine makers to remove thiomersal from vaccines as quickly as ... A 2011 article in the British Medical Journal described how the data in the study had been falsified by Wakefield so that it ... "Vaccine Safety & Availability - Thimerosal in Vaccines". FDA. 5 April 2019. Bose-OReilly S, McCarty KM, Steckling N, Lettmeier ...
For instance, children with allergies to the egg protein found in influenza vaccine can be desensitized to the vaccine. One ... Thimerosal was removed from vaccines as a precaution, even though there has never been scientific evidence of a link between ... All about Data Logger, how to use. Wolfgang Rudolph explains: all information worth knowing about the data logger and the ... The article, which summarizes studies of human and animal exposures, appears in the December 2003 issue of Pediatrics. Dr. ...
Thimerosal-containing vaccines and autistic spectrum disorder: a critical review of published original data. Pediatrics 2004; ... For example, influenza vaccine is manufactured using the extra-embryonic fluids of chick embryos and contains measurable ... Information is presented in two tables: childhood vaccines (Box 1) and travel vaccines (Box 2). As vaccine manufacture is ... a review of safety data in the Vaccine Adverse Event Reporting System (VAERS). Vaccine 2004; 23: 664-667. ...
... thimerosal is now rarely used in vaccines intended for children; the common Influenza vaccine is the one prominent exception. ... The vaccine is effective against four of these strains. Data so far suggests that the vaccine is extremely effective against ... Mercury Levels in Newborns and Infants After Receipt of Thimerosal-Containing Vaccines. Pediatrics 121:e208-e214, 2/08. It is ... Thimerosal in vaccines. Thimerosal is an organic mercury compound, used as a preservative -- including in vaccines. As with any ...
Despite a majority of evidence stating that the MMR vaccine is safe, many parents remain ... Whether vaccines cause autism is one of the most contentious debates in recent public health policy issues. ... They recommended that thimerosal be removed from all vaccines, including influenza vaccine. ... despite the cessation of thimerosal use in vaccines in the two Scandinavian nations. They concluded, "the body of existing data ...
thimerosal, Ayoub said, "The major culprit today is the influenza. vaccine." About 80% of flu vaccines contain as much as 25. ... the CDC and FDA), the American Academy of Pediatrics, and vaccine. manufacturers agreed that thimerosal levels in vaccines ... new safety data was cited.. This solitary reference cited to establish influenza vaccine safety. was co-authored by researchers ... Virus Vaccine. It is not known whether Influenza Virus Vaccine can. cause fetal harm when administered to a pregnant woman or ...
... who love to go data mining in it for spurious correlations between vaccines and autism. The CDCs Vaccine Safety Datalink (VSD) ... and the influenza vaccine does not prevent flu-associated pneumonia. I realize that some advocates of the HPV vaccine sometimes ... As was shown in a study by Michael J. Goodman and James Nordin published in the journal Pediatrics in 2006, vaccine litigation ... For records mentioning thimerosal that werent related to allergic reactions, the rise was even more dramatic, from 0% of these ...
Is thimerosal in vaccines safe?. Yes. There is a large body of scientific evidence on the safety of thimerosal. Data from ... The shot is a killed vaccine. It cannot give you influenza. It is impossible to get flu from the influenza vaccine, either from ... and the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP)] reviewed the published research and also found thimerosal to be a safe product to ... The medical community supports the use of thimerosal in influenza vaccines to protect against potential bacterial contamination ...
It was disclosed that thimerosal was in all influenza vaccines, DPT (and most DtaP) vaccines and all HepB vaccines. ... Pediatrics 112: 1039-1048, 2003. (This is the published study that was discussed in the conference. Here the damaging data is ... at the data from the Vaccine Safety Datalink and found a significant correlation between thimerosal exposure via vaccines and ... by the National Vaccine Advisory Group and the Interagency Working Group on Vaccines to consider thimerosal risk in vaccine use ...
Resources to help you determine whether vaccines can cause regressive autism after suffering a brain inflammation and ... E. Influenza Vaccine. The only vaccine licensed for influenza in the United States is made from killed influenza viruses. The ... the American Academy of Pediatrics and the vaccine companies that produce vaccines agreed that Thimerosal-containing vaccines ... December 14, 1998, Mercury Compounds in Drugs and Food; Request for Data and Information. ...
... companies did not test the safety and effectiveness of giving influenza or Tdap vaccine to pregnant women before the vaccines ... What is unique with vaccines and autism is that the harm is not limited to the African American community and data was ... For example, one article published in 2000 in the Pediatrics Journal describes how, before the World War II, the majority of ... Thimerosal) preservatives and many more bioactive and potentially toxic ingredients... ...
Our ecological data do not support a correlation between thimerosal-containing vaccines and the incidence of autism." ... published in 2003 in the Journal Pediatrics showed that infants exposed to the highest thimerosal levels in their vaccines at ... The vast majority of seasonal influenza vaccines distributed in the U.S. today contain 25 micrograms of mercury. The seasonal ... Thimerosal and the Occurrence of Autism: Negative Ecological Evidence From Danish Population-Based Data, Kreesten M. Madsen, MD ...
An assessment of thimerosal use in childhood vaccines. Ball LK, Ball R, Pratt RD. Pediatrics (2001). May; 107(5):1147-54. ( ... Preservative-free influenza vaccine. Banzhoff A, Schwenke C, Febbraro S. Immunol Lett (2000) Feb 1; 71(2):91-6. (10714435) ... one has to wonder upon what data the CDC based its conclusion that thimerosal laden vaccines posed only a theoretical risk of ... Pediatrics (2001). Apr; 107(4):755-8. (11335754). *Summary of the joint statement on thimerosal in vaccines. American Academy ...
A few physicians have been promoting the idea that the mercury content of vaccines is a cause of autism and that autistic ... and pneumococcal conjugate vaccines have never contained thimerosal. Thus, except for some influenza vaccine, none of the ... Pediatrics 107:1147-1154, 2001. *Thimerosal in vaccines: A joint statement of the American Academy of Pediatrics and the Public ... However, in 2007, a study of autism rates in California found that no drop occurred [8]. The data were published in the ...
Since 2001, the ingredient has been absent from most vaccines, save for certain influenza shots. ... as reported cases of autism have continued to increase after the removal of thimerosal from most vaccines. Boyd Haley, a ... Ira Rubin of Naperville Pediatrics in Naperville, Ill. "How many times have defendants in cases been found guilty and later ... "That said, there remains no epidemiological data that we are aware of that implicates vaccination in autism or in mitochondrial ...
Glossary of terms used on Vaccines and Immunizations website ... There are thimerosal-free influenza vaccines available.. ... However, in July 1999, the Public Health Service agencies, the American Academy of Pediatrics, and vaccine manufacturers agreed ... to continually evaluate vaccine safety. The project contains data on more than 6 million people. Medical records are monitored ... Thimerosal: Listen media icon[MP3]. Thimerosal is a mercury-containing preservative used in some vaccines and other products ...
2004). Thimerosal-containing vaccines and autistic spectrum disorder: A critical review of published original data. Pediatrics ... Canadian Paediatric Society (2004). Recommendation for the use of influenza vaccine for children. Paediatrics and Child Health ... 2004). Thimerosal-containing vaccines and autistic spectrum disorder: A critical review of published original data. Pediatrics ... Canadian Paediatric Society (2004). Recommendation for the use of influenza vaccine for children. Paediatrics and Child Health ...
The latest safety information from CDC on flu vaccines: safety studies, common side effects, vaccine schedule, vaccine package ... Thimerosal in Flu VaccineQuestions and answers on what thimerosal is and the role it has in flu vaccines. ... The data on an association between seasonal inactivated influenza vaccine and GBS have been variable from season-to-season. ... Source: Febrile Seizure Risk After Vaccination in Children 6 to 23 Months [Pediatrics. 2016]external icon ...
  • The American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) recommends annual seasonal influenza immunization for all people, including all children and adolescents, 6 months of age and older during the 2013-2014 influenza season. (
  • Despite decades of safe use, public campaigns prompted the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) and the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) to request vaccine makers to remove thiomersal from vaccines as quickly as possible on the precautionary principle. (
  • He explained that in 1999, "the Public Health Service (including the CDC and FDA), the American Academy of Pediatrics, and vaccine manufacturers agreed that thimerosal levels in vaccines should be reduced or eliminated. (
  • Based on this realization that they were violating safety guidelines he says, this then ' resulted in a joint statement of the Public Health Service (PHS) and the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) in July of last year (1999), which stated that as a long term goal, it was desirable to remove mercury from vaccines because it was a potentially preventable source of exposure . (
  • Nevertheless, to be super-cautious, the U.S. Public Health Service (PHS) and the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) asked doctors to minimize exposure to thimerosal-containing vaccines and manufacturers to remove thimerosal from vaccines as soon as possible [2]. (
  • Because of thimerosal's toxicity, the American Academy of Pediatrics and the U.S. Public Health Service urged vaccine manufacturers in 1999 to remove it from all regular childhood vaccines, and the vaccine manufacturers appear to have done so. (
  • Still, after figuring out the CDC's toxic flu jab's mercury levels blew away ALL global maximum safe limits, The American Academy of Pediatrics, along with the U.S. Public Health Service, demanded mercury be immediately REMOVED from ALL vaccines. (
  • The three epidemiological studies are the newest ones in addition to the 21 page list of papers compiled by the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) ( pdf here ). (
  • Although studies generally have shown that mercury levels after vaccination are not a problem, the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) successfully lobbied to have thimerosal removed from all childhood vaccines. (
  • This special excerpt from Baby 411 answers these questions and more, with advice from Dr. Ari Brown, pediatrician, parent and a spokesperson for the American Academy of Pediatrics. (
  • However, in July 1999, the Public Health Service agencies, the American Academy of Pediatrics, and vaccine manufacturers agreed that thimerosal should be reduced or eliminated in vaccines as a precautionary measure. (
  • FluMist ) is an option endorsed by the American Academy of Pediatrics for the 2020-21 flu season. (
  • CDC is joining with the American Academy of Pediatrics, Families Fighting Flu and Family Voices to spread the message about the importance of influenza vaccination and treatment in these children. (
  • The defense for keeping thimerosal in vaccines was published in a medical journal and commentaries authored by Drs. Walter Orenstein, Louis Cooper, Samuel Katz et al was widely promoted in the media by Dr. Paul Offit and others supporting the "pro-mercury" stance officially endorsed by the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP). (
  • The American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) joins the World Health Organization (WHO) in urging the U.N. to drop the proposal from an international treaty seeking to cut down on mercury exposures in a variety of ways. (
  • After "realizing" the amount of mercury in the childhood vaccination schedule recommended by the CDC exceeded all national and global maximum safety limits, the American Academy of Pediatrics and the United States Public Health Service called for the immediate removal of Thimerosal from all vaccines on July 7, 1999. (
  • We firmly believe that all children and young adults should receive the recommended vaccines according to the schedule published by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and the American Academy of Pediatrics. (
  • In 1999, the American Academy of Pediatrics and the Public Health Service called for mercury to be removed from vaccines because it was found that the amount of mercury in vaccines given to infants exceeded the EPA reference dose or per day exposure threshold for methylmercury. (
  • The question that must be asked of Big Medicine's practitioners: How will the CDC, the AMA, the AAFP and the American Academy of Pediatrics fit any more potentially neurotoxic vaccines into the current well-baby over-vaccination schedule? (
  • The Maryland Chapter of the American Academy of Pediatrics consists of 1100 members, of which 900 maintain a current practice. (
  • Annual vaccination is the primary means of preventing seasonal influenza and its complications. (
  • 100 Annual influenza vaccination necessary since immunity declines in the year following vaccination and circulating influenza strains change from year to year. (
  • CDC Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP), AAP, and others recommend routine influenza vaccination for all adults, adolescents, children, and infants ≥6 months of age using an age-appropriate seasonal influenza vaccine, unless contraindicated. (
  • 100 112 199 200 235 Vaccination against seasonal influenza recommended for otherwise healthy individuals as well as those who have medical conditions that put them at increased risk for influenza-related complications. (
  • 100 112 Seasonal influenza vaccination is particularly important for individuals at increased risk for severe influenza or influenza-related complications and those who live with or care for such individuals (e.g., health-care personnel, household or other close contacts). (
  • 100 Focus vaccination efforts on these individuals, especially when supplies of seasonal influenza vaccine are limited. (
  • Fainting (syncope) can occur, usually within 15 minutes of vaccination, especially in teens getting the HPV, Tdap, and meningococcal vaccines, which is why pediatricians typically recommend that teens should be seated or lying down during vaccination and should be observed for 15 minutes after getting shots. (
  • When vaccination levels dropped between 1989 and 1991, cases of measles increased to the highest levels seen since the measles vaccine was licensed, with 55,467 cases in three years, 11,251 hospitalizations, and 166 deaths. (
  • Cases of measles quickly dropped again after intensive vaccination campaigns increased kids' vaccine rates. (
  • 2. Highlight the importance of individual-level and population-level adherence to vaccination against preventable infections (such as measles, influenza, Streptococcus pneumoniae, and varicella-zoster virus) to preventable mortality and morbidity among cancer survivors and individuals undergoing immunosuppressive cancer treatment. (
  • Significantly higher rates after vaccination are supportive of a potential causal role for the vaccine in the illness. (
  • Further, when there is concern that a vaccine may be causing an illness in a certain time frame after vaccination, the incidence during this period can be compared with the incidence at other times to see if it is significantly higher in the period of concern. (
  • In the U.S., the European Union, and a few other affluent countries, thiomersal is no longer used as a preservative in routine childhood vaccination schedules . (
  • In spite of the scientific consensus that fears about its safety are unsubstantiated, its use as a vaccine preservative was called into question by anti-vaccination groups, and it was phased out from routine childhood vaccines in the United States, the European Union, and a few other countries in response to popular fears. (
  • 6 To minimise any potential risk, all vaccinations in the Australian Standard Vaccination Schedule for children younger than 5 years are now thiomersal-free or contain only trace amounts. (
  • He is also the author of the report, "Pregnancy and the Myth of Influenza Vaccination-Is it safe, is it effective, is it necessary? (
  • The benefit of influenza vaccination during pregnancy becomes even more questionable when considering the resulting risks to unborn infants. (
  • One study of influenza vaccination of 2,000 pregnant women demonstrated no adverse fetal effects associated with influenza vaccine. (
  • However, according to Ayoub, "In the April 12, 2002 MMWR, this same statement was followed by the caveat "additional data are needed to confirm the safety of vaccination during pregnancy. (
  • the study appears to have very little to do with influenza vaccine safety, but rather that of polio vaccination safety during pregnancy. (
  • That said, there remains no epidemiological data that we are aware of that implicates vaccination in autism or in mitochondrial disorders. (
  • CDC recommends annual influenza vaccination for everyone 6 months and older with any flu vaccine licensed by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) that is appropriate for the recipient's age and health status. (
  • Vaccination is particularly important for people who are at high risk of developing serious complications from influenza. (
  • The administration of vaccines is called vaccination . (
  • The terms vaccine and vaccination are derived from Variolae vaccinae (smallpox of the cow), the term devised by Edward Jenner (who both developed the concept of vaccines and created the first vaccine) to denote cowpox . (
  • [19] Sometimes, protection fails because of vaccine-related failure such as failures in vaccine attenuation, vaccination regimes or administration or host-related failure due to host's immune system simply does not respond adequately or at all. (
  • Even many parents with two children developing neurological complications after vaccination, will continue to follow the recommended vaccine schedule. (
  • Dec. 4 to Dec. 10 is "National Influenza Vaccination Week" and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) is pushing hard for children and adults to get immunized against the flu. (
  • At the same time, government officials have been lamenting that influenza vaccination rates are concerningly low in the U.S. and seem to be falling. (
  • When a team of researchers at the National Institutes of Health compared flu vaccine rates with influenza-related illness over a 19-year period, from 1980 to 1999, they found that deaths from the flu increased as vaccination rates increased. (
  • In conclusion, the increase in elderly influenza vaccination coverage in the U.S. after 1980 was not accompanied by a decline in influenza-related mortality," the researchers concluded . (
  • A study, led by a researcher at the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases and published in the journal Archives of Internal Medicine , found that increasing vaccination coverage did not correlate with declining mortality and the decline in influenza-related mortality could not be attributed to the flu vaccine but was rather the result of naturally acquired immunity. (
  • Observational studies crediting the flu vaccine with contributing to decreased deaths from the flu, "substantially overestimate vaccination benefit," these researchers concluded . (
  • In 2010, when the Cochrane Collaboration reviewed the published literature on the efficacy of influenza vaccination in preventing the flu in healthy adults, researchers noted that industry-sponsored studies were much more likely to report conclusions favorable to influenza vaccines than studies funded from public sources and that, "reliable evidence on influenza vaccine is thin but there is evidence of widespread manipulation of conclusions. (
  • A Cochrane review of the use of the flu vaccine in healthy adults found that influenza vaccination "shows no appreciable effect on working days lost or hospitalization. (
  • Although child vaccination rates remain high, some parental concern persists that vaccines might cause autism. (
  • Eileen Dannemann, NCOW's director, made abundantly clear that despite these figures being known to the Centers for Disease Control (CDC), the multiple-strain, inactivated flu vaccine containing mercury (Thimerosal) has once again been recommended to pregnant women as a safe vaccination this season. (
  • Vaccines Congress 2019 aims to unite the Professors, researchers, business mammoths, and technocrats to give a global gathering to spread of unique research comes about, new thoughts and viable improvement and find progresses in the field of Vaccine, Immunization and Vaccination, administration and instruction in connection to Vaccine, Immunization and vaccination and additionally an expansiveness of different subjects. (
  • This meeting makes a stage for Policy-creators, Scientists, agents and leaders in Vaccine, Immunization, and Vaccination to display their most recent research and finds out about all the imperative advancements in Vaccine, Immunization, and Vaccination. (
  • Vaccines Congress 2019 gives a worldwide stage to trading thoughts and makes us overhauled about the most recent advancements in the field of Vaccine, Immunization, and Vaccination. (
  • no decrease in influenza disease after vaccination. (
  • there have been no controlled trials adequately demonstrating a decrease in influenza disease after vaccination with FLULAVAL. (
  • Background The 2010 influenza vaccination program for children aged 6 months to 4 years in Western Australia (WA) was suspended following reports of severe febrile reactions, including febrile convulsions, following vaccination with trivalent inactivated influenza vaccine (TIV). (
  • Until the biological reason for this is determined and remediation undertaken, childhood influenza vaccination programs should not include Fluvax-type formulations and enhanced surveillance for febrile reactions in children receiving TIV should be undertaken. (
  • Soon after commencement of the 2010 paediatric influenza vaccination program in Western Australia (WA), clinicians noted an apparent increase in children presenting with fever, vomiting and occasionally febrile convulsions, which led to a temporary suspension of the WA program for children under 5 years of age. (
  • The older one is the more like you are to have had the influenza vaccination, and age is also associated with a person also unfortunately getting Alzheimer's. (
  • Influenza vaccination is recommended for everyone ages six months and older who do not have contraindications, using any age-appropriate vaccine. (
  • Don't delay flu vaccination if Fluad Quadrivalent is the only flu vaccine available. (
  • To assess the immunogenicity, the safety and reactogenicity of a booster dose of dengue vaccine administered at Year 3 following primary vaccination. (
  • Of the children with neurologic disorders for whom information on vaccination status was available, only 21 (23 percent) had received the seasonal influenza vaccine and 2 (3 percent) were fully vaccinated for 2009 H1N1. (
  • The report in the journal Pediatrics underscores the importance of influenza vaccination to protect children with neurologic disorders. (
  • Up to 650 healthy volunteers from three age groups (greater than or equal to 6 months to less than 36 months, greater than or equal to 36 months to 9 years, and 10 - 17 years) with no history of influenza H1N1 2009 influenza infection or influenza H1N1 2009 vaccination will participate. (
  • Under the leadership of NVAC, both sets of standards have been revised to reflect changes in the health-care delivery system, new tools and strategies for supporting vaccination providers, growing recognition of the importance of adolescent vaccination, and an increasing emphasis on improving communications regarding vaccine benefits and risks. (
  • By applying these standards, health-care professionals can begin to develop a comprehensive plan to improve vaccination delivery in their practices, protect their patients from vaccine-preventable diseases, and help achieve the national health objectives for 2010. (
  • In fact, the thiomersal content of vaccines given in the routine vaccination program has not increased over the past decade. (
  • Vaccination is still the best measure for preventing mumps, and the vaccine is a combination product containing measles, mumps, and rubella viruses. (
  • Pharmacists can play a key role in educating people about mumps and the importance of vaccination, and they can also become certified to administer vaccines in a variety of settings. (
  • All of these institutions became de facto stakeholders in promoting vaccination policies while presenting themselves as independent authoritative sources of information about vaccine safety. (
  • The entire web of vaccine stakeholder- collaborations is geared toward issuing uniform vaccine safety pronouncements that promote vaccination policies crafted to ensure high vaccination rates, translating to ever higher profit margins. (
  • The process of distributing and administrating vaccines is referred to as vaccination . (
  • DNA vaccination - in recent years a new type of vaccine, created from an infectious agent's DNA called DNA vaccination , has been developed. (
  • According to James Leckman, professor of pediatrics and one of the study's five authors, if children were experiencing inflammation - a process that promotes autoimmunity - at the time of vaccination, the combination of inflammation and vaccination could have deleterious effects on brain development. (
  • Catch-up vaccination is recommended for 13 through 26 year-old females who have not yet received or completed the vaccine series. (
  • However, sexually active females may also benefit from vaccination since few young women are infected with all four HPV types targeted by the vaccine (6, 11, 16, 18). (
  • However, the immune response to vaccination and vaccine efficacy might be less than in immunocompetent females. (
  • Although the vaccine has not been causally associated with adverse pregnancy outcomes or adverse events to the developing fetus, data on vaccination in pregnancy are limited. (
  • Since vaccine licensure, there have been reports of syncope after vaccination. (
  • Providers should consider a 15-minute waiting period for vaccine recipients following vaccination. (
  • The susceptibility to measles in healthcare workers in our centre is higher in younger cohorts, with values higher than expected in a community with high vaccination coverage against measles, mumps, rubella vaccine (MMR) in the paediatric population for many years. (
  • Our results indicate that vaccination with Haemophilus b polysaccharide vaccine had no effect in preventing H influenzaetype b disease in Minnesota children. (
  • Data from the Centers for Disease control reveals cases of measles could just as easily be from incomplete vaccination (no booster shots), what health authorities are calling "vaccine hesitancy," meaning when people delay second vaccination. (
  • Despite the obvious benefits of vaccination, thousands of parents are now refusing to immunize their children due to concerns regarding vaccine safety. (
  • Though vaccines provide individual protection, widespread vaccination also confers a benefit to susceptible community members through what is known as "herd immunity. (
  • Though the thimerosal content of most vaccines was reduced to "trace amounts" (0.3-1.0mcg mercury per dose) or eliminated after 1999, unfortunately, the total amount of mercury a child from 6 months to 18 years of age will receive through the recommended CDC vaccination schedule, has increased since the AAP called for its removal (6). (
  • MMR vaccination records were linked to hospital admission and general practitioner attendance data. (
  • The Public Health Laboratory Service in England and Wales has developed an efficient and powerful method for investigating adverse vaccine associated events based on linkage of computerised clinical records with vaccination records and use of the self controlled case series (SCCS) method for data analysis. (
  • Recommendations for vaccination of children against influenza have been revised several times since 2002, and as of 2008 include all children 6 months to 18 years of age. (
  • The 900 practicing pediatricians in the state were issued a survey by mail during the spring of 2007 to determine their attitudes and practices regarding childhood influenza vaccination, based on their own opinions and personal recollections. (
  • Aetna considers combination vaccination with diphtheria-tetanus-acellular pertussis (DTaP), inactivated polio, and hepatitis B (Pediarix ® , GlaxoSmithKline) an acceptable medically necessary alternative to these individual vaccines for the doses that are generally administered at 2 months, 4 months, and 6 months of age. (
  • Aetna considers combination vaccination with diphtheria-tetanus-whole-cell pertussis (DTP) and Haemophilis influenzae type b (Hib) (TriHIBit ™ , Sanofi Pasteur, Inc.) an acceptable medically necessary alternative to these individual vaccines for the fourth dose of the childhood vaccination series, which is generally administered at 15-18 months of age. (
  • Aetna considers combination vaccination with diphtheria and tetanus toxoids and acellular pertussis, inactivated poliovirus and Haemophilus influenzae type b (Pentacel ® , Sanofi Pasteur, Inc.) an acceptable medically necessary alternative to these individual vaccines in children 6 weeks through 4 years of age (prior to 5 years of age) for administration as a 4-dose series at 2 months, 4 months, 6 months, and 15 - 18 months of age. (
  • Aetna considers combination vaccination with diphtheria, tetanus, pertussis, and poliomyelitis (KinrixTM, GlaxoSmithKline) medically necessary as the fifth dose in the DTaP vaccine series and the fourth dose in the inactivated poliovirus vaccine (IPV) series in children 4 through 6 years of age whose previous DTaP vaccine doses have been with Infanrix ® and/or Pediarix ® for the first three doses and Infanrix ® for the fourth dose. (
  • Aetna considers the Tdap vaccine a medically necessary preventive service for immunization against tetanus, diphtheria, and pertussis as a single dose in all individuals 65 years of age and older and in pregnant women regardless of prior vaccination history, or in women immediately postpartum if not administered during pregnancy. (
  • The routine diphtheria, tetanus, and pertussis vaccination schedule for children aged less than 7 years comprises five doses of vaccine containing diphtheria, tetanus, and pertussis antigens. (
  • Fewer side effects have been reported with the diphtheria-tetanus-acellular pertussis (DTaP) vaccines than with diphtheria-tetanus-whole-cell pertussis vaccines (DTP), thus DTaP vaccines are recommended by ACIP for all five doses in the vaccination schedule. (
  • Extensive investigation into vaccines and autism has shown that there is no relationship between the two, causal or otherwise, and that vaccine ingredients do not cause autism. (
  • Despite overwhelming evidence that MMR vaccines are safe, many parents fear it could cause Autism in their children. (
  • Fact*: vaccines cause autism. (
  • New Published Study Verifies Andrew Wakefield's Research on Autism - Again [2] ) The mainstream media also ignores the large amount of awards for damages being made to vaccine damaged children with autism in the U.S. Vaccine Court, or that other courts of law in other countries are ruling that vaccines cause autism and awarding damages to children with autism. (
  • March 7, 2008 -- Top federal health authorities Thursday reiterated that vaccines do not cause autism after government health officials acknowledged that a vaccine, by worsening an underlying genetic condition, may have triggered autismlike symptoms in one girl. (
  • But Dr. Julie Gerberding, director of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, emphasized that the concession should not be interpreted to mean that vaccines cause autism. (
  • That's because vaccines don't cause autism. (
  • So antivaxers detest, disparage, and otherwise denigrate medical academia because it doesn't support their delusion that vaccines are harmful and cause autism. (
  • They crave any evidence that real scientists take them seriously or, even better, have produced evidence that supports their delusion that vaccines cause autism (or any of the other disorders, conditions, and diseases attributed to vaccines by them). (
  • Does the measles-mumps-rubella (MMR) vaccine cause autism? (
  • Taken together these studies show that childhood or maternal vaccines do not cause autism. (
  • A worldwide increase in the rate of autism diagnoses-likely driven by broadened diagnostic criteria and increased awareness-has fueled concerns that an environmental exposure like vaccines might cause autism. (
  • As a new parent (or parent-to-be), it's hard not to hear the great debate in parenting circles these days--do vaccines cause autism? (
  • Despite the fact that the CDC is unsure of why there is an increase (speculating on how we gather data rather than an environmental cause), despite the fact that Andy Wakefield lied, the antivaccination cult cannot help themselves in creating conspiracies or outlandish claims that vaccines cause autism. (
  • One antivaccination lunatic, Ginger Taylor in her antiscientific website, "Adventures in Autism", who appears to lack any formal education in science and has no critical thinking skills, cherry-picked 80 (give or take) studies that seem to support the hypothesis that vaccines cause autism . (
  • Also, this is the reason why a lot of people ask themselves "Do vaccines cause autism? (
  • But, it could also be the autism definition changes or an actual ASD development increase due to a third factor (usually thinking that vaccines cause autism). (
  • A lot of people have started asking the researchers "Do vaccines cause autism? (
  • But, there are still too many people who are not entirely sure whether vaccines cause autism. (
  • Questioning whether vaccines cause autism is dating back to the 1990s. (
  • They claimed that they found important evidence which led people to ask themselves "Do vaccines cause autism? (
  • Although there is no scientific evidence to support the claim, some autism advocacy groups and parents believe that vaccines cause autism. (
  • The recent agreement by the US government to pay the family of a nine-year-old girl for injury caused by vaccines has only added fuel to the fire in the eyes of the many parents and autism advocacy groups that believe vaccines can cause autism. (
  • There is a wide body of scientific literature showing vaccines do not cause autism. (
  • The press release, stating that "CDC concedes in federal court that there are no studies that prove vaccines don't cause autism", is founded on the recently concluded proceedings of a Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) lawsuit filed by ICAN against the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). (
  • The lawsuit requested that the CDC produce studies showing that the DTaP, Hepatitis B, Haemophilus influenzae type b, PCV13 (pneumococcal conjugate) and inactivated polio vaccines-the vaccines used within the first six months of life-do not cause autism. (
  • Many studies have already shown that vaccines don't cause autism and no biological mechanism has ever been found to support this link, despite the pseudoscientific theories behind thimerosal and aluminum adjuvants. (
  • Vaccines do not cause autism or mercury toxicity. (
  • Buttar rehashes the discredited yet persistent claim that vaccines cause autism, and attributes this to mercury toxicity from thimerosal. (
  • In my article, Vaccines and autism - science says they are unrelated , I list out over 125 published, peer-reviewed articles (as of today) that basically provide us with some of the overwhelming evidence that debunks the myth that vaccines cause autism. (
  • I'm relying upon Dr. Peter Hotez's article, The "Why Vaccines Don't Cause Autism" Papers , published in PLOS Blogs to choose the best of the best papers. (
  • Researchers have looked for any reason to believe that vaccines, or vaccine ingredients, cause autism. (
  • Prevention of seasonal influenza virus infection in adults, 104 106 107 108 160 170 186 190 adolescents, 104 106 107 108 190 children, 104 106 107 108 and infants ≥6 months of age. (
  • Influenza vaccine has not been approved for use in infants younger than 6 months. (
  • It is important that household contacts and out-of-home care providers of children younger than 5 years, especially infants younger than 6 months and children of any age at high risk of complications of influenza (eg, children with chronic medical conditions, such as asthma, diabetes mellitus, hemodynamically significant cardiac disease, immunosuppression, or neurologic and neurodevelopmental disorders) receive annual influenza vaccine. (
  • 6 In full-term infants exposed to vaccines containing thiomersal, mercury concentrations detected in blood (range, 2.85-20.55 nmol/L) were well below the level thought to be associated with adverse effects. (
  • 6 Because the developing fetus and low birthweight babies are more vulnerable to toxic effects of mercury, it has been suggested that exposure to vaccines containing thiomersal at time of birth may pose some risk in very low birthweight premature infants. (
  • However, he adds, "Contradicting its own policy, the CDC then increased mercury exposure to the fetus and infant by allowing the inoculation of pregnant women and young infants with the mercury-containing influenza vaccine. (
  • Congressman Weldon questions the CDC director as to why, following this meeting, Dr. Verstraeten published his results, almost four years later, in the journal Pediatrics to show just the opposite, that is, that there was no correlation to any neurodevelopmental problems related to thimerosal exposure in infants. (
  • The removal of Thimerosal as a preservative from vaccines on the recommended childhood immunization schedule does not eliminate exposure to Thimerosal from other vaccines, such as DT or influenza, that some infants, children and pregnant women receive. (
  • that full consideration be given by appropriate professional societies and government agencies to removing Thimerosal from vaccines administered to infants, or pregnant women in the United States. (
  • The subsequent FDA review noted that with the increased number of vaccines then recommended for infants, the total amount of mercury in vaccines containing thimerosal might exceed the levels recommended by other federal agencies [1]. (
  • A study published in 2002 of infants who were 6 months of age or younger compared the levels of mercury in the blood, hair, urine, and stool of 40 who received vaccines containing thimerosal and 20 who received vaccines without thimerosal. (
  • Next year, as many as 800,000 California infants and toddlers could receive a mercury-containing flu shot because the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention is now recommending that all children between the ages of 6 and 24 months receive flu vaccines. (
  • AB2943 will actually increase public confidence in vaccine safety by giving parents certainty that their infants and toddlers will not be injected with mercury. (
  • Yet, nobody can seem to find a cure for autism, which coincidentally SPIKED in numbers in perfect rhythm with the increase and frequency of vaccines per the CDC's insane schedule for infants and children. (
  • For example, Haemophilus influenzae type b (Hib) diseases were a major problem a few years ago until the vaccine was developed for infants. (
  • According to the paper summary: "Here we gave nonhuman primate infants similar vaccines given to human infants to determine whether the animals exhibited behavioral and/or neuropathological changes characteristic of autism. (
  • A study published in the American Journal of Perinatology of vaccine effectiveness in pregnant women in Northern California across five flu seasons found that women who received flu vaccines during pregnancy had the same risk for influenza-like illness as unvaccinated women, and infants born to women who received flu vaccines also had the same risks for influenza or pneumonia as infants born to unvaccinated women. (
  • Although the numbers were small, one study (4) suggested that the serum half-life of ethylmercury in infants given thimerosal-containing vaccines was shorter than that suggested by work with methylmercury and did not seem to raise the blood concentrations of mercury above acceptable values. (
  • If that were the case, exposure levels of young infants to mercury from thimerosal might theoretically be close to the safe intake level (the maximum amount to which an infant can safely be exposed on a daily basis, which is about ten times lower than where it might be neurotoxic). (
  • Medscape:Do you think that the Faroe Islands studies form an adequate basis on which the EPA can determine safe blood levels as they pertain to infants who receive vaccines containing thimerosal? (
  • The main target populations for the tetravalent live attenuated dengue virus vaccine are indigenous populations, especially infants less than 2 years old, residing in areas of the world endemic for dengue and at risk of developing dengue hemorrhagic fever (DHF). (
  • The aim of this trial is to evaluate the safety and immunogenicity of a two-dose schedule of a tetravalent live attenuated dengue vaccine in flavivirus antibody naïve infants beginning at 12-15 months of age. (
  • Study Shows Huge Increase in Vaccine Side Effects When Premature Infants Vaccinated. (
  • The practice of giving vaccines as usual to premature infants has been going on for the past few decades, for as long as I have been a pediatrician. (
  • This longitudinal, case-control pilot study examined amygdala growth in rhesus macaque infants receiving the complete US childhood vaccine schedule (1994-1999). (
  • Conjugate vaccines fundamentally change the manner in which the immune systems of infants and young children function by deviating their immune responses to the targeted carbohydrate antigens from a state of hypo-responsiveness to a robust B2 B cell mediated response. (
  • This period of hypo-responsiveness to carbohydrate antigens coincides with the intense myelination process in infants and young children, and conjugate vaccines may have disrupted evolutionary forces that favored early brain development over the need to protect infants and young children from capsular bacteria. (
  • The overall aim is to provide early protection for infants and children against vaccine-preventable diseases that could endanger their health and life. (
  • The most shocking of all is the recent and now common medical practice, reinforced by an aggressive pharmaceutical industry, of giving multiple vaccines, often virtually within hours of birth, to infants despite the fact that no study including all of the vaccine series commonly given to children in the US and UK, about 30 in all, has been conducted until now. (
  • 4) Some Thimerosal-containing vaccines, including those against hepatitis B, influenza and meningococcus specifically target infants and early childhood. (
  • The amount of mercury that infants receive through their diet is more than twice the amount ever contained in vaccines. (
  • The understanding of vaccine-induced immune responses in adults and infants is limited. (
  • Mercury In Vaccines (childhood Vaccinations): Mercury Causes Neurotoxicity In Humans, Especially In Fetuses And Small Infants Whose Brains Are Still Developing. (
  • The TV commercials, medical journal articles and drug representatives will be trying to educate us about a new, unaffordable vaccine that will somehow be squeezed into an already crowded and potentially deadly group of shots that America's already at-risk-of-vaccine-injuries infants will now be receiving at their next well-child (perhaps soon to become chronically ill).check-up. (
  • Thimerosal-free versions of vaccines in the childhood immunization schedule have been available since 2001. (
  • Risk assessment for effects on the nervous system have been made by extrapolating from dose-response relationships for methylmercury , which is why thiomersal was removed from U.S. childhood vaccines, starting in 1999. (
  • The idea that thiomersal was a cause or trigger for autism is now considered disproven, as incidence rates for autism increased steadily even after thiomersal was removed from childhood vaccines. (
  • Under the FDA Modernization Act (FDAMA) of 1997, the FDA conducted a comprehensive review of the use of thimerosal in childhood vaccines. (
  • How harmful are additives and preservatives in childhood vaccines? (
  • It has received considerable scrutiny by Congress and the news media since its removal from most U.S. childhood vaccines in 2001. (
  • Information is presented in two tables: childhood vaccines ( Box 1 ) and travel vaccines ( Box 2 ). (
  • While nearly all the scientific evidence shows the MMR vaccine to be safe and effective for children, a small minority of studies showing a link between the development of autism spectrum disorder and the MMR vaccine has fuelled pockets of resistance to childhood immunizations for the past 15 years. (
  • Resistance in the U.S. and U.K. to childhood immunizations such as MMR vaccine began 15 years ago when the Lancet published a study in 1998 showing an association with the development of autism spectrum disorder. (
  • To what degree of scientific certainty can we prove that current epidemic of autism was caused by the mercury-based preservative, thimerosal, in childhood vaccines? (
  • NVIC, formerly known as Dissatisfied Parents Together (DPT) participated prominently in the development of the National Childhood Vaccine Injury Act. (
  • This case, as well as other cases involving possible injury brought about by a vaccine, are handled under the National Childhood Vaccine Injury Act of 1986. (
  • A commonsense bill to rid childhood vaccines of the mercury-laced preservative thimerosal now sits on the governor's desk awaiting his signature. (
  • A 2003 study published in the Journal of American Physicians and Surgeons found 'strong epidemiological evidence for a link between mercury exposure from thimerosal- containing childhood vaccines and neurodevelopment disorders. (
  • Between late 1999 and late 2002, thimerosal was removed from most childhood vaccines. (
  • Natural News ) The CDC claims that mercury was removed from all childhood vaccines 20 years ago, but thimerosal is 50 percent mercury by weight, on average, and it's listed on nearly every influenza vaccine (flu shot) and also the DTaP, so, you were saying? (
  • Let's just say it's a long history of seeing the sort of execrable "science" he routinely embraces, as long as it supports his belief that mercury in vaccines causes autism, even though the mercury-containing thimerosal preservative that contains mercury was removed from childhood vaccines 15 years ago. (
  • The small pox vaccine contained 200 proteins and the 11 childhood vaccines combined contain 130 proteins. (
  • The Advisory Committee on Childhood Vaccines (ACCV) and CDC were confronted with the VAERS data from NCOW on September 3, 2010, in Washington, D.C., and then again by conference call on September 10, and then again in Atlanta, Georgia, on October 28, 2010. (
  • Editor's Note: There has been much debate about the safety of thimerosal, which is used as a preservative in childhood vaccines and also in adult influenza vaccines. (
  • This report prepared by DHHS officials continues to provide limited insight into vaccine injury and death awards, despite the fact that federal law states the public has a right to additional information… Federal Vaccine Advisory Committee Update-ACCV and NVAC The National Vaccine Information Center (NVIC) regularly monitors meetings held by federal vaccine advisory committees, including the Advisory Commission on Childhood Vaccines (ACCV) and the National Vaccine Advisory Committee (NVAC). (
  • Both ACCV and NVAC were created under the National Childhood Vaccine Injury Act of 1986 and committee members are appointed by the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (DHHS) to usually serve two to four-year terms. (
  • The Food and Drug Administration considers vaccines safe but, just as with GMO, they have done no studies into the effects of multiple vaccinations as given in the common childhood series which started in the 1990s in the USA and spread to the UK and now across the EU. (
  • Lie #2 "Mercury was removed from all childhood vaccines in (pick any year between 1999 and the present). (
  • By 2003, the vaccine manufacturers had begun to react to the 1999 call by lowering the mercury content in many of the Thimerosal-preserved early childhood vaccines. (
  • Significantly, if you put the amount of mercury added to the immunization schedule as a result of the CDC-recommended seasonal and (in 2009) H1N1 flu shots** on one side of a scale, and the amount of mercury that was subtracted from that schedule by reformulating early childhood vaccines without Thimerosal on the other side, the total amount of mercury added far outweighs the amount of mercury subtracted. (
  • Currently, the actions taken by the vaccine manufacturers, the FDA and the CDC have increased the possible maximum childhood exposure to mercury from vaccines to twice the level that triggered the 1999 call to remove mercury from all vaccines as soon as possible! (
  • Because some children appear to regress into autism coincident with the commencement of their regimen of childhood vaccinations, some argue that their autism was caused by the vaccines. (
  • President Ronald Wilson Reagan, as he signed The National Childhood Vaccine Injury Act (NCVIA) of 1986, absolving drug companies from all medico-legal liability when children die, become chronically ill with vaccine-induced autoimmune disorders or are otherwise disabled from vaccine injuries. (
  • We surveyed practicing pediatricians in Maryland in the spring of 2007 to determine their attitudes and practices toward childhood influenza immunization. (
  • Globally, vaccines prevent the deaths of roughly 2.5 million children per year.1 And, data shows that just for children born in the United States in 2009, routine childhood immunizations will prevent approximately 42,000 early deaths and 20 million cases of disease with savings of more than $82 billion in societal costs. (
  • Adolescents aged 11 to 18 years should receive a single dose of Tdap instead of tetanus and diphtheria toxoids vaccine for booster immunization against tetanus, diphtheria, and pertussis if they have completed the recommended childhood diphtheria and tetanus toxoids and whole cell pertussis vaccine (DTP)/diphtheria and tetanus toxoids and acellular pertussis vaccine (DTaP) vaccination series and have not received Td or Tdap. (
  • Immunization of the close contacts of children at high risk is intended to reduce the risk of exposure to influenza for these young children, who are at serious risk of influenza infection, hospitalization, and complications. (
  • All children 6 months through 18 years of age, especially those at high risk of complications from influenza, should be identified, and their parents should be informed, when possible, that annual influenza immunization is due. (
  • Children 9 years and older who have not received the influenza vaccine previously need only 1 dose in their first season of immunization. (
  • Although you should try to get vaccine doses according to the recommended immunization schedule, vaccine doses usually still count, even if they were given up to four days too early. (
  • Although not routinely given to kids, vaccines that are not a part of our immunization schedule are available to protect against a number of other vaccine-preventable diseases, such as cholera , yellow fever, typhoid, rabies, tuberculosis (BCG), shingles, and Japanese encephalitis (JE), etc. (
  • Postlicensure or postmarketing evaluation of vaccine safety is done through passive reporting systems such as the Vaccine Adverse Event Reporting System ( VAERS ) or non passive systems such as the Clinical Immunization Safety Assessment (CISA), as well as large linked databases, such as the Vaccine Safety Datalink (VSD) project. (
  • Thus, the VSD allows researchers to plan vaccine safety studies and examine hypotheses generated from the medical literature, study possible signals from the passive VAERS program, and evaluate changes in the immunization schedule or from the introduction of new vaccines. (
  • An internationally recognized expert in virology, immunology and vaccine safety, he is a former member of the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (
  • Anthrax vaccine immunization program. (
  • On May 28, 2004, the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practice of the CDC released its annual report with recommendations for the prevention of influenza. (
  • On October 1, 2001, the Institute of Medicine's Immunization Safety Review Committee released a report entitled Thimerosal Containing Vaccines and Neurodevelopmental Outcomes . (
  • In 2004, a report by the Institute of Medicine Immunization Safety Review Committee again said that there is no link between autism and the MMR vaccine. (
  • I serve as President of the Sabin Vaccine Institute, a non-profit organization devoted to vaccines and immunization. (
  • If that was not bad enough, in June the CDC's committee that advises on immunization practices announced that nasal spray flu vaccines should not be used in the 2016-2017 flu season because, in the CDC's own words, "no protective benefit could be measured" from taking them. (
  • The Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP) of the CDC has recommended a prioritization schedule for Americans, since initially, there will not be enough novel influenza A (H1N1) vaccine for eveeryone. (
  • In 2003 the National Advisory Committee on Immunization (NACI) published recommendations on the use of vaccines approved for use in Canada that contained the mercury-based preservative thimerosal, so that practitioners would have the necessary information to make sound recommendations for vaccine administration to patients and vaccine manufacturers would have guidance on the future development of vaccines for the Canadian market (1) . (
  • FLULAVAL is a vaccine indicated for active immunization against influenza disease. (
  • Immunization is the most effective means to reduce the impact of influenza. (
  • National influenza surveillance is coordinated through the Immunization and Respiratory Infections Division (IRID), Public Health Agency of Canada (PHAC). (
  • He thinks it is better to separate aluminum-containing vaccines, rather than give them according to the recommended U.S. immunization schedule. (
  • The statement of task for the present IOM committee requests a review of the available data on the relationship between the overall immunization schedule and health effects that might be of concern to stakeholders, including parents, health care providers, and the public health community. (
  • The literature published in the past 10 years was chosen to fill the gap since the 2002 IOM review and because several changes to the immunization schedule have been made since 2000 (e.g., addition of the pneumococcal and rotavirus vaccines). (
  • During the 1990s, two sets of standards were introduced to guide delivery of vaccinations for adults and children: Standards for Adult Immunization Practices, developed by the National Coalition for Adult Immunization in 1990, and Standards for Pediatric Immunization Practices, developed by the National Vaccine Advisory Committee (NVAC) in 1992. (
  • Data released recently shows that many immunization rates are below the Healthy People 2020 target rates. (
  • In some cases, passive immunization interferes with active vaccinations, particularly live-virus vaccines. (
  • Against this background it reported on 17 June that the WHO would be launching an investigation into the safety of thimerosal (or thiomersal as it is called in the UK) led by epidemiologist Elizabeth Miller, head of immunization at the UK's Public Health Laboratory Service (which was subsequently absorbed into the allegedly independent Health Protection Agency). (
  • Though it is disturbing that the head of the UK immunization laboratory service had to go to the licensing authority for information about the content of the vaccine it only half resolved her understanding and got her into further difficulty. (
  • In the United States, recommendations from the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP) currently target 17 vaccine-preventable diseases across the lifespan. (
  • The Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices advocates that influenza immunization is the most effective method for prevention of illness due to influenza. (
  • Nevertheless, influenza immunization rates have remained low. (
  • Aetna considers diphtheria, tetanus toxoid, and whole-cell or acellular pertussis vaccines medically necessary preventive services according to the recommendations of the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP). (
  • Aetna considers Boostrix (GlaxoSmithKline), a tetanus toxoid, reduced diphtheria toxoid and acellular pertussis vaccine (Tdap) a medically necessary preventive service for active booster immunization against tetanus, diphtheria, and pertussis as a single dose in individuals 10 through 64 years of age. (
  • Aetna considers Adacel (Sanofi Pasteur, Inc.), a tetanus toxoid, reduced diphtheria toxoid and acellular pertussis vaccine (Tdap), a medically necessary preventive service for active booster immunization against tetanus, diphtheria, and pertussis as a single dose in individuals 11 through 64 years of age. (
  • Aetna considers the Tdap vaccine a medically necessary preventive service for immunization against tetanus, diptheria, and pertussis as a single dose in children 7 through 10 years of age with incomplete or unknown pertussis vaccine history. (
  • Even with the removal of thimerosal, there are still other vaccine additives and preservatives in some vaccines that help them work better, including formaldehyde and aluminum. (
  • Former predictions of possible pediatric problems with mercury in vaccines, which led to removal of thimerosal from U.S. vaccines, were based on the notion that metabolism of ethyl mercury in the vaccine was the same as that of methyl mercury in fish. (
  • He goes so far as to call the removal of thimerosal in the US "a mistake," and one that should not be repeated globally. (
  • Despite the fact that thimerosal is completely unrelated to methylmercury, persistent public concern over mercury toxicity led to the removal of thimerosal from pediatric vaccines in the United States in 2001. (
  • If thimerosal causes autism, why does the rate of diagnosis of autism continue to increase after the removal of thimerosal? (
  • Thimerosal exposure has previously also been associated with birth defects (Heinonen et al. (
  • The United Nations Environment Program backed away from an earlier proposal of adding thiomersal in vaccines to the list of banned compounds in a treaty aimed at reducing exposure to mercury worldwide. (
  • There is no accepted scientific evidence that exposure to thiomersal is a factor in causing autism. (
  • Both the EPA and FDA's allowable daily exposure limits are 0.1 microgram per kg, meaning that recipients of a flu vaccine must weigh at least 550 pounds to meet federal exposure guidelines. (
  • It all started when a friend of mind sent me a copy of a letter from Congressman David Weldon, M.D. to the director of the CDC, Dr Julie L. Gerberding, in which he alludes to a study by a Doctor Thomas Verstraeten, then representing the CDC, on the connection between infant exposure to thimerosal-containing vaccines and neurodevelopmental injury. (
  • In this shocking letter Congressman Weldon referrers to Dr. Verstraeten's study which looked at the data from the Vaccine Safety Datalink and found a significant correlation between thimerosal exposure via vaccines and several neurodevelopmental disorders including tics, speech and language delays, and possibly to ADD. (
  • With the newly formulated vaccines, the maximum cumulative exposure during the first six months of life should now total no more than 3 micrograms of mercury [3]. (
  • Uno Y, Uchiyama T, Kurosawa M, Aleksic B, Ozaki N (2015) Early exposure to the combined measles-mumps-rubella vaccine and thimerosal-containing vaccines and risk of autism spectrum disorder . (
  • The other issue is that the Faroe Islands study looked at methyl mercury exposure, but thimerosal contains ethyl mercury. (
  • As described in a 2004 Institute of Medicine report ( 7 ), the balance of scientific evidence indicates that there is no link between exposure to thiomersal and autism. (
  • We found no evidence indicating an association between exposure to antibody-stimulating proteins and polysaccharides contained in vaccines during the first 2 years of life and the risk of acquiring [autism spectrum disorder (ASD)], AD, or ASD with regression. (
  • Nonetheless, because we generally try to reduce people's exposure to mercury if at all possible, vaccine manufacturers have voluntarily changed their production methods to produce vaccines that are now free of thimerosal or have only trace amounts. (
  • They originally told me that the whole cell DTP we used on its own from 1990 (when we adopted our accelerated schedule) up to 1992/3 contained 100 micrograms thiomersal, so exposure to ethyl Hg would have been 150 micrograms by 4 months. (
  • In their article published in the July 2006 issue of PEDIATRICS, Fombonne et al concluded they "clearly failed to detect" an association between either Thimerosal exposure or MMR vaccine uptake and pervasive developmental disorders (PDD) rates in Montreal. (
  • Fombonne et al erroneously stated that Thimerosal-exposure after 1996 was "nil" but analysis of numerous Canadian government healthcare documents suggests otherwise. (
  • The Eli Lilly Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS) for Thimerosal acknowledges that exposure to Thimerosal in utero and in children can cause "mild to severe mental retardation and mild to severe gross motor impairment. (
  • Astoundingly, the total level of mercury exposure, if a child receives all the possible CDC-recommended vaccinations that are still Thimerosal preserved, from 6 months to 18 years of age, has actually increased. (
  • After the animals died from exposure to Thimerosal, the decision was made to administer it to 22 patients suffering from bacterial meningitis during an epidemic in Indianapolis, Indiana in 1929. (
  • Any exposure to vaccine in pregnancy should be reported to the vaccine pregnancy registry at (800) 986-8999. (
  • Thus, the unborn child, being mostly developing brain, sustains huge exposure from injected mercury, in particular, at critical stages of neurological development…Unused vaccines with a preservative level of Thimerosal are considered hazardous waste because of their high mercury content. (
  • found by comparing methylmercury to thimerosal that while blood levels of ethylmercury post-injection drop more rapidly than blood levels of methylmercury post-ingestion, the percentage of inorganic mercury deposited in the brain after exposure to thimerosal was nearly five times higher than the amount of inorganic mercury deposited after methylmercury exposure. (
  • Because of recent speculation that exposure to mercury, through the preservative thiomersal in inactivated vaccines given in the first year of life, may "sensitise" a child for subsequent MMR related neurological or developmental problems, 4 the GPRD data set was also used to test the hypothesis that prior thiomersal exposure in combination with MMR vaccine is a risk factor for subsequent gait disturbance. (
  • Children younger than 9 years who received only 1 dose of influenza vaccine in the first season they were vaccinated should receive 2 doses of influenza vaccine the following season. (
  • According to CBER calculations a 6-month old baby that received all the vaccines on schedule would receive 75 micrograms of mercury from three doses of DTaP, 75 micrograms of mercury from three doses of Hib and 37.5 micrograms from three doses of hepatitis B vaccine. (
  • Booster shots (the later doses of any vaccines that need to be repeated over time) occur throughout life. (
  • However, thimerosal is still added to pediatric doses of flu vaccine. (
  • Vaccine manufacturers have the capacity to produce sufficient doses of mercury-free flu vaccines by the date the bill takes effect (July 2006). (
  • Plans are to manufacture 600 million doses of vaccine. (
  • Eli Lilly researchers reported in 1931 that animals seemed to tolerate high doses of thimerosal. (
  • Nonetheless, starting in the 1930s, pharmaceutical companies began to use thimerosal in multidose vials of vaccine to extend shelf life and lessen the risk of bacterial and fungal contamination that arises when several doses are drawn from the same vial. (
  • Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) guidelines allow health providers to administer extra doses from multidose vials up until the printed expiration date "if the vial has been stored correctly and the vaccine is not visibly contaminated. (
  • There is no convincing scientific evidence of harm caused by the low doses of thimerosal in vaccines, except for minor reactions like redness and swelling at the injection site," according to the CDC . (
  • According to a groundbreaking new study, there's a definitive positive correlation between the number of vaccine doses administered and the percentage of hospitalizations and infant deaths. (
  • The mortality rate for 1-4 vaccine doses was 3.6 percent. (
  • A schedule is a list of recommended vaccines and timing of their doses. (
  • Most doses of these flu vaccines are Thimerosal-preserved. (
  • Last year the United States contracted for the manufacture of over 170 million doses of swine flu vaccine. (
  • The World Health Organization also calls vaccines 'one of the most successful and cost-effective public health interventions,' which help prevent 'an estimated 2.5 million child deaths every year in all age groups from diphtheria, tetanus, pertussis (whooping cough), and measles. (
  • 2001) The risk of seizures after receipt of whole-cell pertussis or measles, mumps, and rubella vaccine. (
  • And make no mistake: influenza, pertussis, measles, chicken pox, and many of the other diseases for which we have vaccines can cause permanent damage or death. (
  • A combination vaccine for diphtheria, pertussis, and tetanus is also available today without thimerosal. (
  • Through the 1970s and 1980s, children in the U.S. generally received eight injections of three types of vaccines-oral polio, measles-mumps-rubella (MMR) and diphtheria-tetanus-pertussis (DTP) vaccine-in their first eighteen months. (
  • Combination vaccines for diphtheria, tetanus, and pertussis (DTaP) and for measles, mumps, and rubella (MMR) have been available for many years. (
  • The only vaccines for children used in the routine program that contain thiomersal are DPT (diphtheria, tetanus, pertussis ) and DT. (
  • I also have a strong record in clinical vaccine trials and was the Chief Investigator for a now completed multi-site national randomised vaccine trial of pertussis vaccine to newborns funded by the NHMRC. (
  • A greater than 92% decline in cases and a 99% or greater decline in deaths due to diseases prevented by vaccines recommended before 1980 were shown for diphtheria, mumps, pertussis, and tetanus. (
  • Most alarmingly, in women who received the H1N1 vaccine in the previous flu season, the odds of spontaneous abortion in the 28 days after receiving a flu vaccine was 7.7 times greater. (
  • In fact, the rate of miscarriages increased 11-fold in 2009 when the H1N1 vaccine was added to the recommended schedule. (
  • The novel influenza A (H1N1) virus (swine flu) has been spreading rapidly human-to-human, and a significant increase in cases, hospitalizations and deaths are expected as the 2009-'10 influenza season gets under way. (
  • At that time, more than 70 countries had reported cases of novel influenza A (H1N1) infection, and community outbreaks had occurred in many parts around the world. (
  • The global spread of the novel influenza A (H1N1) virus, not the severity of illness caused by the virus, prompted the raising of the worldwide alert level. (
  • The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) estimates there have been more than 1 million cases of novel influenza A (H1N1) in the United States since the virus was first identified in April. (
  • Although overall novel influenza A (H1N1) virus activity in the United States has decreased in the past few months, the virus continues to cause disease, with a large number of outbreaks among children being reported in summer camps. (
  • Early data indicate that novel influenza A (H1N1) virus has become the predominant strain in most of Australia and in other parts of the Southern Hemisphere, but other strains of influenza continue to circulate and remain the predominant strains in some areas. (
  • The WHO and CDC have stopped documenting the numbers of confirmed novel influenza A (H1N1) cases, shifting to reporting only hospitalizations and deaths. (
  • The declaration of a pandemic by the WHO supports the ongoing development of a monovalent vaccine to protect against the novel influenza A (H1N1) virus. (
  • The U.S. Department of Health and Human Services is preparing for a national novel influenza A (H1N1) campaign if it is needed. (
  • In the United States, both inactivated and live attenuated monovalent novel influenza A (H1N1) vaccines are being produced, and safety and immunogenicity trials of these new vaccines are under way. (
  • Novel influenza A (H1N1) vaccines will be much like seasonal flu vaccines and should be available in various formulations, including without thimerosal. (
  • The overall pattern of spread for novel influenza A (H1N1) virus during the current influenza season in the Southern Hemisphere and expected activity in the United States this fall and winter will guide recommendations for the use of the monovalent novel influenza A (H1N1) vaccine in the 2009-'10 season. (
  • Because the H1N1 pandemic vaccine had never been tested on the pregnant population, and to lessen the intensity of fears of the unknown risks, Dr. Marie McCormick of the CDC was employed to keep track of all adverse events during the 2009 pandemic season, including those adverse events in the pregnant population. (
  • The CDC's Dr. Shimabakuru gave a presentation on significant adverse reactions to the H1N1 vaccine, such as cases of Guillane-Barre Syndrome, which appeared to have risen three percent, claiming it as an insignificant signal. (
  • The risk of febrile events was not associated with prior receipt of TIV or monovalent 2009 H1N1 pandemic vaccine. (
  • A disproportionately high number of children with neurologic disorders died from influenza-related complications during the 2009 H1N1 pandemic, according to a study by scientists with the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (
  • The Pediatrics study looked at influenza-related deaths in children during the 2009 H1N1 pandemic based on data submitted to CDC from state and local health departments. (
  • Seventy-five percent of children with a neurologic condition who died from 2009 H1N1 influenza-related infection also had an additional high risk condition that increased their risk for influenza complications, such as a pulmonary disorder, metabolic disorder, heart disease or a chromosomal abnormality. (
  • Influenza A viruses have predominated overall, with both influenza A(H1N1) and A(H3N2) circulating. (
  • Pandemic flu vaccines contain only a single strain of the pandemic virus (for example, H1N1 virus) instead of the usual three or four flu types used in a seasonal vaccine mixture. (
  • The purpose of this study is to assess the safety and the body's immune response (body's defense against disease) to an experimental H1N1 influenza vaccine. (
  • Participants will be randomly (by chance) assigned to 1 of 2 possible H1N1 vaccine groups. (
  • The WHO and US Government CDC are escalating a public psychological conditioning to create hysteria and panic among an uninformed public about an alleged "virus" H1N1 Influenza A, aka Swine Flu, whose alleged effects to date appear comparable with a common cold. (
  • Nonetheless, most seasonal and H1N1 flu shots for pregnant women and young children contain 25 micrograms of mercury in the form of Thimerosal. (
  • And, of course, vaccine makers made millions off their novel H1N1 vaccines. (
  • Within a week of Australia reporting that the virus appeared to be 40 times less lethal than originally feared, the WHO instructed countries to simply stop lab confirming suspected H1N1 cases, which meant that any and all flu-like symptoms were reported as pandemic influenza, padding the statistics. (
  • These cases were also not serologically confirmed to be influenza, but included pneumonia and other flu-like illness, which means the actual number of people who died as a direct result of the flu - let alone H1N1 -- was even lower than that. (
  • The Parliamentary Assembly is alarmed about the way in which the H1N1 influenza pandemic has been handled, not only by the World Health Organization (WHO) but also by the competent health authorities at the level of the European Union and at national level. (
  • Thiomersal contains ethylmercury, a mercury compound which is related to, but significantly less toxic than, the neurotoxic pollutant methylmercury. (
  • One confusing element, say the authors, is an incorrect assumption that ethylmercury, contained in thimerosal, has the same effects as methylmercury, a more toxic mercury compound found in the environment, but not in vaccines. (
  • Thiomersal (sodium ethylmercuric thiosalicylate) is an organic compound containing ethylmercury that has been widely used as a vaccine preservative since the 1930s. (
  • Thimerosal is metabolized to ethylmercury (CH 3 CH 2 Hg +2 ) and thiosalicylate. (
  • When a person is immunized with a vaccine that contains thimerosal, the resultant concentration of metabolized ethylmercury is reduced even further as it is diluted in the body. (
  • It is presumed that the majority of ethylmercury metabolized from thimerosal is rapidly excreted in the stool. (
  • Thimerosal is a compound made up of ethylmercury attached to a chemical similar to aspirin. (
  • Thimerosal contains ethylmercury, not methylmercury. (
  • When all the discussions about thimerosal began in 1999, there were very little data about ethylmercury toxicity. (
  • However, the elimination of ethylmercury from the body was much faster, and the amount of mercury in the brain was significantly lower in the animals that received the thimerosal-containing vaccines than those that were fed methylmercury. (
  • Ethylmercury-given as thimerosal-containing vaccine-is also eliminated from the bodies of children much more rapidly 5 than is methylmercury that has been eaten. (
  • Thimerosal is almost 50 percent ethylmercury by weight. (
  • 7,8 Of the two compounds, the ethylmercury in vaccines is far more toxic to and persistent in the brain, where it has a propensity to accumulate as inorganic mercury, 9,10 with an estimated half-life of as long as twenty-seven years. (
  • Thimerosal - a preservative still used in the influenza vaccine -contains a different form of mercury called ethylmercury. (
  • Therefore, ethylmercury (the type of mercury in the influenza vaccine) is much less likely than methylmercury (the type of mercury in the environment) to accumulate in the body and cause harm. (
  • Thimerosal (TMS), which is used in vaccines as a preservative, is 49.6 percent ethylmercury (eHg). (
  • The vaccine preservative thimerosal includes ethylmercury, the effects of which are not fully understood. (
  • Ethylmercury is an organic toxic mercury compound and the focus of the debate over mercury in vaccines. (
  • In contrast, the CDC states that the amount of ethylmercury in vaccines is safe. (
  • The agency's website covers the topic of thimerosal and ethylmercury in vaccines, yet lists just one published study from the past decade in support of the conclusions stated. (
  • The claim that ethylmercury in vaccines is "cleared from the body more quickly than methylmercury, and is therefore less likely to cause any harm" (1) refers to the amount of ethylmercury in the blood after it's injected through a vaccine, based on the observation that the amount of ethylmercury drops more quickly than the same amount of methylmercury (9). (
  • They are sometimes called vaccines, or vaccinations. (
  • Documentation received from the National Coalition of Organized Women (NCOW) states that between 2009 and 2010 the mercury-laden combined flu vaccinations have increased Vaccine Adverse Events Reporting Systems (VAERS) fetal death reports by 4,250 percent in pregnant women. (
  • First, in 2002, CMS enacted a new regulation allowing for the use of standing orders at Medicare- and Medicaid-participating hospitals, long-term-care facilities, and home-health agencies to deliver influenza and pneumococcal vaccinations as recommended by ACIP and the Task Force on Community Preventive Services. (
  • 1 Vaccines are considered to be one of the most cost-effective protective measures against preventable diseases, and the CDC has declared that vaccinations are one of the top 10 public-health achievements of the 20th century and have saved millions of lives. (
  • Vaccine antigen-induced cytokine responses to vaccinations given in infancy are of particular interest because little is known about cellular responses in this age, and the information available is based on antibody responses. (
  • The Food and Drug Administration Modernization Act of 1997 called for an FDA review of all mercury containing food and drugs which included a review of vaccines that contain Thimerosal. (
  • Thus, except for some influenza vaccine, none of the vaccines now used to protect preschool children against 12 infectious diseases contain thimerosal as a preservative. (
  • Certain flu vaccines and tetanus-diphtheria vaccines (Td) given to children age 7 and older still contain thimerosal as a preservative. (
  • Indeed, some flu shots contain thimerosal, which is about 50 percent mercury by weight. (
  • She states that the only vaccines that contain thimerosal are DPT and DT but that is only in the present, rather than over the previous 13 years. (
  • It does not contain thimerosal or mercury as a preservative. (
  • Buttar claims that vaccines labeled thimerosal-free still contain thimerosal but provides no evidence to support his statement. (
  • However, none of the vaccines that we offer in this office contain thimerosal. (
  • Our health authorities realized mercury in vaccines was a mistake in 1999 and made a public statement to warn Americans and encourage manufacturers to change their formulations. (
  • Conducted in 1999, this review found no evidence of harm from the use of thimerosal as a vaccine preservative, other than local hypersensitivity reactions. (
  • That was the summer of 1999, but four years later, the insidious influenza vaccine manufacturers quietly reloaded flu shots with mercury, and had all U.S. doctors highly recommend them for all pregnant women and babies 6-months young. (
  • Dr. Paul Offit, chief of infectious diseases at Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, claims that the U.S. government's 1999 directive to drug companies to remove thimerosal from pediatric vaccines was not based on scientific evidence of harm, but rather was simply done as a precautionary measure until researchers could learn more about thimerosal health effects. (
  • If, as some parents and autism advocacy groups still believe, there is a link between thiomersal and autism, it would have been expected that the number of children diagnosed with autism should have decreased since 1999. (
  • The result was a 'shell game' which has caused widespread confusion in the public because of press reports declaring, "Since (select a year between 1999 and the present), mercury has been removed from all recommended vaccines for children except for some flu shots. (
  • In multidose injectable drug delivery systems, it prevents serious adverse effects such as the Staphylococcus infection that, in one 1928 incident, killed 12 of 21 children inoculated with a diphtheria vaccine that lacked a preservative. (
  • One exception: the Allergy/Asthma section contain a few references of the DTP vaccine because the association was not due to the specific DTP injection but rather to the diphtheria and tetanus toxiod. (
  • Examples of toxoid-based vaccines include tetanus and diphtheria . (
  • And new vaccines can help control other diseases and newer, emerging threats. (
  • Roush, S.W., and Murphy, T.V. (2007) Historical comparisons of morbidity and mortality for vaccine-preventable diseases in the United States. (
  • A systematic review by the Cochrane Library concluded that there is no credible link between the MMR vaccine and autism, that MMR has prevented diseases that still carry a heavy burden of death and complications, that the lack of confidence in MMR has damaged public health, and that the design and reporting of safety outcomes in MMR vaccine studies are largely inadequate. (
  • Parents can be reassured that the trace quantities of mercury, aluminum and formaldehyde contained in vaccines will not harm their children," says the study s lead author, Paul A. Offit, M.D., chief of Infectious Diseases and director of the Vaccine Education Center at The Children s Hospital of Philadelphia. (
  • Based on the best available scientific evidence," concludes Dr. Offit, "parents can be confident that vaccines are overwhelmingly safe, as well as effective in preventing infectious diseases. (
  • Paul A. Offit, M.D., is the director of the Vaccine Education Center and chief of Infectious Diseases at The Children s Hospital of Philadelphia. (
  • Under the direction of Dr. Offit, The Children s Hospital of Philadelphia established The Vaccine Education Center in October 2000 to respond to the rapidly growing need for accurate, up-to-date, science-based information about vaccines and the diseases they prevent. (
  • I wanted to know why my daughter, who had been completely normal until she received [five vaccines for nine different diseases], in one day was no longer there … no longer responding," Terry Poling told the crowd of reporters present. (
  • That's why those vaccines are MORE dangerous than just catching the wild forms of the diseases. (
  • I've heard that vaccines are not needed because the diseases were disappearing even before the vaccines were developed. (
  • Many diseases do not occur or spread as much as they used to, thanks to better nutrition, less crowded living conditions, antibiotics, and, most importantly, vaccines. (
  • Vaccines are the best way to prevent diseases, which can cause pneumonia, meningitis, and even death. (
  • There is overwhelming scientific consensus that vaccines are a very safe and effective way to fight and eradicate infectious diseases. (
  • In that role I am director of its product development partnership (PDP) based at Baylor College of Medicine - the Sabin Vaccine Institute and Texas Children's Hospital Center for Vaccine Development, which makes vaccines for neglected tropical diseases - a group of poverty-promoting parasitic and related infections - including new vaccines for schistosomiasis, Chagas disease, and leishmaniasis, among others. (
  • FLATOW: Dr. Offit is chief of the Division of Infectious Diseases and the director of the Vaccine Education Center at Children's Hospital of Philadelphia. (
  • Lucky for humanity and the health of children who won't have to suffer from vaccine preventable diseases, some of us know how to read and refute Ginger's list of bogus studies . (
  • Vaccines can help protect against some of these diseases. (
  • Includes serotype b (19) and unknown serotype (177) 4 Vaccine-Preventable Diseases Eliminated from the United States Disease Last Case* Smallpox 1949 Polio 1979 Measles 1993 Rubella 24 *Indigenous case. (
  • The vaccine has no therapeutic effect on HPV-related disease, so it will not treat existing diseases or conditions caused by HPV. (
  • Vaccines work best when each person in a community commits to preventing spread of communicable diseases. (
  • Thanks to vaccines, these diseases are now virtually nonexistent. (
  • the 271 vaccines in development span a wide array of diseases, and employ exciting new scientific strategies and technologies. (
  • These potential vaccines - all in human clinical trials or under review by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) - include 137 for infectious diseases, 99 for cancer, 15 for allergies and 10 for neurological disorders. (
  • My research background is in paediatric infectious diseases, in which I have a clinical appointment at the Childrens Hospital, Westmead and in the epidemiology of vaccine-preventable diseases, which was the subject of my PhD in the School of Public Health on invasive Hib disease. (
  • My research interests are broadly in the area of the epidemiology of vaccine-preventable diseases (VPDs), including measurement of disease burden pre vaccine introduction, measurement of immunisation coverage and measurement of the impact of vaccines post introduction. (
  • Declines were 80% or greater for cases and deaths of most vaccine-preventable diseases targeted since 1980 including hepatitis A, acute hepatitis B, Hib, and varicella. (
  • Administered as the measles, mumps, and rubella (MMR) vaccine , the vaccine is manufactured by U.S.-based Merck and was approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration in 1971. (
  • Measles/mumps/rubella (MMR), chickenpox, inactivated polio, and pneumococcal conjugate vaccines have never contained thimerosal. (
  • Theories for this putative association have centered on the measles-mumps-rubella (MMR) vaccine, thimerosal, and the large number of vaccines currently administered. (
  • Fourth, measles, mumps, or rubella vaccine viruses have not been found to cause chronic intestinal inflammation or loss of intestinal barrier function. (
  • Studies that fail to support an association between measles-mumps-rubella vaccine and autism. (
  • It was stated in the study that individuals who have received the MMR (measles-mumps-rubella) vaccine are more prone to developing bowel disease compared to those who haven't received the MMR vaccine. (
  • Understand the significance of obtaining the measles-mumps-rubella vaccine. (
  • The Merck mumps vaccine litigation is complicated and nuanced4. (
  • The current trend can be traced to a 1998 study by Dr. Andrew Wakefield that suggested a link between the MMR (measles-mumps-rubella) vaccine and autism. (
  • In 1995, Plesner reported 24 cases of temporary gait disturbance, in previously normal 15 month old children, shortly after measles/mumps/rubella (MMR) vaccine). (
  • Study of thimerosal and measles, mumps and rubella (MMR) vaccine uptake in 28,000 Canadian children born between 1987 and 1998, of whom 180 were identified with a pervasive developmental disorder. (
  • It is inexplicable, Ayoub says, that the ACIP would cite a paper in support of its conclusion of influenza vaccine safety while the Institute of Medicine rejected the same paper on the basis of the flawed analysis of polio vaccine safety. (
  • Dr. Salk used his experience with influenza vaccine to develop an effective polio vaccine in 1952. (
  • Because of vaccines, many of you have never seen a child with polio, tetanus, whooping cough, meningitis or even chicken pox. (
  • Institute For Vaccine Safety - Thimerosal Table issues: Vax Specific● Anthrax ● Hepatitis B● Hib● Hpv● Influenza● Lyme Disease● Meningococcal● Mmr ● Polio ● Rotavirus● Smallpox● Tdap/td ● Varicella● Yellow Fever issues: Misc● Exemptions● Legislation ● New Vax Status● Thimerosal● Independent Vax safety Board vaccine Info● 2009 Schedule ● Acip Recs● Components● Iom Repor. (
  • [1] Packaging the vaccines in single-dose vials eliminates the need for bacteriostatics such as thiomersal. (
  • Thiomersal was used as a preservative (bactericide) so that multidose vials of vaccines could be used instead of single-dose vials, which are more expensive. (
  • It may be used during the manufacture of vaccine to inactivate organisms or added as a preservative to prevent contamination of the product after manufacture, particularly in multi-dose vials. (
  • as a preservative to prevent bacterial and fungal contamination of multiple dose vials of vaccines during their clinical use. (
  • The biggest concern is the use of thimerosal, a preservative that the United States Code of Federal Regulations requires in multi-dose vials of flu vaccines. (
  • The compound was removed from most pediatric vaccines in 2001, but it's still used in some multi-dose vials, and is present in many seasonal flu vaccines. (
  • Thimerosal, a very effective preservative, has been used to prevent bacterial contamination in vaccine vials for more than 50 years. (
  • If not injected into patients, discarded vials of these mercury-preserved vaccines, therefore, must be disposed of in steel drums, by law. (
  • On the other hand, although you may not know it, let me assure you that anti-vaccine advocates know the significance of mentioning borate (it's a " roach killer ," don't you know? (
  • Offit discusses the anti-vaccine movement, and weighs in on a new report calling a 1998 study linking autism and vaccines an "elaborate fraud. (
  • He's also a professor of vaccinology at the University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, has a new book out, "Deadly Choices: How the Anti-Vaccine Movement Threatens Us All. (
  • 4) Thimerosal, the whipping post of the anti-vaccine movement has been removed from the MMR vaccine and autism rates have not fallen. (
  • Shaw and Tomljenovic are perfect examples of anti-vaccine shills whose articles get retracted . (
  • This claim was originally published on 5 March 2020 in a press release by the anti-vaccine organization Informed Consent Action Network (ICAN), founded by Del Bigtree, who is also the host of the talk show The HighWire. (
  • They insist that anything contrary to the pro-vaccine stance is either quackery, anti-vaccine, or both. (
  • That doesn't make us "anti-vaccine. (
  • John Rose, a Yale professor of pathology, expressed concern that the study would " activate anti-vaccine people in a serious way . (
  • This is a very bad study…it can and is being used by anti vaccine activists. (
  • My headline has to pass censorship now that various online news sources say they are burying anti-vaccine posts under pressure from Congress. (
  • Yet a careful examination of current vaccine propaganda does not support the idea that widely reported outbreaks of measles correlate with any anti-vaccine programs or even the spread of measles solely by unvaccinated individuals. (
  • They don't appear to be located where anti-vaccine groups are said to be active. (
  • It generally shows more northern latitude outbreaks and certainly does not coordinate with any anti-vaccine programs across the United States. (
  • The report generated widespread media coverage and prompted the creation of dozens of anti-vaccine advocacy groups. (
  • Steve Wilson of WXYZ-TV in Detroit: Investigative journalist or anti-vaccine propagandist? (
  • 2001) Efficacy of inactivated and cold-adapted vaccines against influenza A infection, 1985 to 1990: the pediatric experience. (
  • An Institute of Medicine (IOM) committee, which issued a comprehensive report in October 2001, found no proof of a link between thimerosal-containing vaccines and autism, attention deficit-hyperactivity disorder, speech or language delays, or other neurodevelopmental disorders [5]. (
  • After reviewing some of the CDC data received by Dr. Thompson, as well as data records acquired through freedom of information submissions, Prof. Hooker discovered that the CDC has known since 2001 that children exposed to thimerosal in utero were 800 percent more likely to regress into autism. (
  • But it was known at the CDC before work on the paper began in 2001 that the data was unsuitable for reviewing the WHO program. (
  • In 2001 the UK's Sunday Times newspaper was taking an interest in the mercury content of vaccines, two years after the issue came to public light in the US. (
  • In the United Kingdom, Dr Fombonne has provided advice on the epidemiology and clinical aspects of autism to scientists advising parents, to vaccine manufacturers, and to several government committees between 1998 and 2001. (
  • According to CDC statistics], 'influenza and pneumonia' took 62,034 lives in 2001-61,777 of which were attributable to pneumonia and 257 to flu, and in only 18 cases was the flu virus positively identified. (
  • Between 1979 and 2001, [CDC] data showed an average of 1348 [flu] deaths per year (range 257 to 3006). (
  • Regardless, thimerosal was eliminated from vaccines as a precautionary measure in 2001. (
  • If thimerosal was causing autism, reported cases of autism should have dropped after 2001. (
  • In contrast, any child younger than 9 years receiving an influenza vaccine for the first time should receive a second dose at least 4 weeks after the first. (
  • You usually don't have to restart a vaccine series if you are late in getting the next or final dose in a vaccine series. (
  • The vast majority of these flu vaccines were multi-dose formulations, containing 25 micrograms of mercury via the preservative thimerosal. (
  • [4] Thiomersal is not needed in more-expensive single-dose injectables. (
  • the World Health Organization has concluded that there is no evidence of toxicity from thiomersal in vaccines and no reason on safety grounds to change to more-expensive single-dose administration. (
  • clarification needed] Bacteriostatics such as thiomersal are not needed in single-dose injectables. (
  • The multi-dose versions of the influenza vaccines Fluvirin and Fluzone can contain up to 25 micrograms of mercury per dose from thiomersal. (
  • Citing that eliminating the preservative in multi-dose vaccines, primarily used in developing countries, would lead to high cost and a requirement for refrigeration which the developing countries can ill afford, the UN's final decision at the Minamata Convention on Mercury in 2013 was to exclude thiomersal from the treaty. (
  • Thiomersal (spelled "thimerosal" in the US) is an antifungal preservative used in small amounts in some multi-dose vaccines (where the same vial is opened and used for multiple patients) to prevent contamination of the vaccine. (
  • About 80% of flu vaccines contain as much as 25 micrograms of mercury per dose. (
  • Few doctors realize that most flu vaccines contain 25 micrograms of mercury per dose. (
  • Thimerosal is effective in killing bacteria in opened multi-dose bottles. (
  • Of course, nothing was taught to us back then about the multiple toxic ingredients that are in every vaccine dose or the lack of proof of efficacy when cocktails of several combinations of vaccines (or drugs) are injected simultaneously into the tiny muscles of our infant and toddler-age patients. (
  • dose contains 50 mcg thimerosal. (
  • The chart below provides information about approved influenza vaccines for the 2020-21 season including FDA-approved ages for use, route of administration, dose, and cost. (
  • Contains 60 mcg of each virus strain compared to 15 mcg in standard-dose IM vaccines. (
  • Higher risk of adverse effects (injection site reactions, myalgia, headache) than the previous high-dose, inactivated, trivalent formulation (IIV3) (which had higher risk of adverse effects vs standard dose vaccine). (
  • Reactogenicity in Terms of Solicited Symptoms After Dose 1 of the Dengue Vaccine vs. Control Vaccine. (
  • The information given to me by the licensing authority is that the whole cell DTP/Hib vaccine we currently use contains 50 micrograms thiomersal per dose so that our children if on schedule would have 75 micrograms of ethyl Hg by 4 months of age. (
  • We then started using combined DTP/Hib vaccines for which the thiomersal content apparently was 50ug/dose. (
  • The authority is now saying that they have made a mistake and the vaccine we used up to 1992/3 only contained 50 micrograms thiomersal/dose. (
  • The measles vaccine gives about 95% immunity with a single dose, and about 99% immunity with the second dose. (
  • That means that in a population of 1,000 children who have received one dose of vaccine, about 50 children will still be vulnerable to measles infection. (
  • In addition, today most tetanus shots and the multi-dose Sanofi Menomune® vaccine that are approved by the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) still contain 25-micrograms-a-dose mercury. (
  • Also, new vaccine formulations with 25 micrograms of mercury per 0.5-mL dose are still being approved by the FDA for administration to pregnant women and children. (
  • The three-dose vaccine is routinely recommended for 11 and 12 year old girls. (
  • It is no longer present in most vaccines, with the exception of certain multi-dose influenza vaccines , which are likewise not toxic or linked to autism. (
  • Autism rates began to rise at about the time today's multiple dose vaccines became the norm. (
  • Mercury has been added to vaccines to preserve and prevent bacterial contamination of multi-dose shots (1,2). (
  • Current vaccines approved for use in the US which contain mercury are multi-dose influenza vaccines. (
  • Thimerosal-preserved "multi-dose" flu shots contain 25mcg mercury per dose. (
  • Children from 6 months to 35 months of age receive a half-dose of the flu vaccine. (
  • Regarding mercury content of multidose flu vaccines, per vaccine, a six-month-old will receive 12.5mcg mercury (a half dose) which is over 16x the safe dose per the EPA (see calculations below). (
  • The production of a few vaccines, including those for varicella, rubella, and hepatitis A, involves growing the viruses in human cell culture. (
  • The purpose of this statement is to update current recommendations for routine use of influenza vaccine in children and adolescents, which originally were published in a comprehensive format in Pediatrics in April 2008. (
  • This expansion targets all school-aged children, the population that bears the greatest disease burden and is at significantly higher risk of needing influenza-related medical care compared with healthy adults. (
  • In addition, reducing influenza transmission among school-aged children will, in turn, reduce transmission of influenza to household contacts and community members. (
  • Household members and out-of-home care providers of all children at high risk and adolescents and of all healthy children younger than 5 years also should receive influenza vaccine each year. (
  • The risk of influenza-associated hospitalization in healthy children younger than 24 months has been shown to be equal to or greater than the risk in previously recognized high-risk groups. (
  • Children 24 through 59 months of age experience increased morbidity as a result of influenza illness, with increased rates of outpatient visits and antibiotic use. (
  • Most are left over in residual amounts from the way that vaccines are made, and some, like formaldehyde, are less than the amount naturally found in children. (
  • CDC authors write: "It is also important to note that there is scant data on the efficacy and effectiveness of influenza vaccine in young children. (
  • 2012) Acellular vaccines for preventing whooping cough in children. (
  • In the U.S., the European Union , and a few other affluent countries, the compound is being phased out from vaccines routinely given to children. (
  • [1] In the U.S., the only exceptions among vaccines routinely recommended for children are some formulations of the inactivated influenza vaccine for children older than two years. (
  • The purpose of this statement is to update recommendations for routine use of seasonal influenza vaccine and antiviral medications for the prevention and treatment of influenza in children. (
  • and (4) the dosing algorithm for administration of influenza vaccine to children 6 months through 8 years of age is unchanged from 2012-2013. (
  • Annual seasonal influenza vaccine is recommended for all people, including all children and adolescents, 6 months of age and older during the 2013-2014 influenza season. (
  • Children younger than 2 years are at an increased risk of hospitalization and complications attributable to influenza. (
  • School-age children bear a large influenza disease burden and have a significantly higher chance of seeking influenza-related medical care compared with healthy adults. (
  • Wakefield's core claim was that he had isolated evidence of vaccine-strain measles virus RNA in the intestines of autistic children, leading to a condition he termed autistic enterocolitis (this was never recognised or adopted by the scientific community). (
  • A special court convened in the United States to review claims under the National Vaccine Injury Compensation Program ruled on February 12, 2009, that parents of autistic children are not entitled to compensation in their contention that certain vaccines caused autism in their children. (
  • Despite this, starting in 2000, parents in the United States pursued legal compensation from a federal fund arguing that thiomersal caused autism in their children. (
  • After reviewing dozens of scientific studies, a leading vaccine expert concludes that preservatives, additives and other substances contained in vaccines pose very little risk to children receiving those vaccines. (
  • For instance, children with allergies to the egg protein found in influenza vaccine can be desensitized to the vaccine. (
  • In 2002, investigators at Utah State University published a study showing evidence of an abnormal reaction to the vaccine in children with autism, providing some encouragement to parents who have refused to vaccinate their children with the typical three-shot regimen. (
  • He further explains that he is referring to children being exposed to thimerosal in vaccines. (
  • NVIC has member parents whose children have received vaccines containing Thimerosal and have been diagnosed with mercury toxicity and brain damage. (
  • Currently every vaccine recommended for children is available without the preservative Thimerosal. (
  • Allowing Thimerosal-containing vaccines to remain in use, when Thimerosal-free versions are currently available, unnecessarily exposes American children to a heightened risk of serious adverse reactions. (
  • I am a Catholic with vaccine-injured children. (
  • A widely publicized study released in 2003 claimed that mercury in vaccines played no role in causing autism because the rate of autism in Danish children increased after mercury was removed from Danish produced vaccines in 1992. (
  • Both papers claim to have drawn their data from a national registry of health information that includes all children born in Denmark, and another registry that records all psychiatric disorders among Danish children. (
  • Last summer a goal was set for the removal or significant reduction of thimerosal as a preservative from all vaccines routinely administered to children in the first year of life. (
  • A few physicians have been promoting the idea that the mercury content of vaccines is a cause of autism and that autistic children should undergo chelation therapy to be detoxified. (
  • The situation arose because until recently, certain vaccines contained thimerosal, a mercury-containing preservative that is no longer used in most of the vaccines now recommended for children. (
  • Drug companies, led by the Bayer Corporation and Aventis Pasteur, claim that the bill is unnecessary, that it may cause thousands of children to contract influenza, that it will undermine public confidence about vaccine safety and that it is too costly. (
  • Despite the FDA's and the vaccine manufacturer's assurances, California children are still receiving vaccines that contain mercury. (
  • More than 5,000 American families are seeking compensation in the U.S. Court of Claims for damage to their children allegedly caused by mercury-containing vaccines. (
  • No wonder the Amish children never get autism, they don't get the vaccines that cause it. (
  • A team of researchers from the Yale School of Medicine and Penn State College of Medicine have found a disturbing association between the timing of vaccines and the onset of certain brain disorders in a subset of children. (
  • Analyzing five years' worth of private health insurance data on children ages 6-15, these scientists found that young people vaccinated in the previous three to 12 months were significantly more likely to be diagnosed with certain neuropsychiatric disorders than their non-vaccinated counterparts. (
  • Children get the MMR vaccine just before this age, so some people believe that the MMR vaccine causes autism. (
  • Because of the study, many British parents have refused to let their children get the vaccine. (
  • Children are given vaccines at a young age because this is when they are most likely to get the disease. (
  • First, are the recent studies (involving hundreds of thousands of children) showing no link and cited in my recent PLOS Medicine paper that predicts Texas will soon have measles epidemics due to widespread non-medical exemptions: The papers refute both the MMR vaccine and thimerosal as having any role in autism. (
  • Jain A, Marshall J, Buikema A, Bancroft T, Kelly JP, Newschaffer CJ (2015) Autism occurrence by MMR vaccine status among US children with older siblings with and without autism . (
  • I thought that maybe peanuts were used in vaccine cultures and maybe the little buggers were eating the peanut protein and it was in their tummies and somehow that created the allergy when children were vaccinated. (
  • 5] [6] It has been known that the egg protein in vaccines can cause egg allergy in children. (
  • Within the vaccine injured children and autism movements there is also an unchallenged belief that vaccines are effective but not always safe. (
  • In this case, vaccine-injured children or adult family members were simply one of the rare cases where they received a hot lot vaccine or possessed biomolecular abnormalities, such as mitochondria dysfunction, and suffered the consequences. (
  • Thousands of American parents with vaccine damaged children, suffering from permanent neurological impairment and autism, await a trial that will finally bring to justice many of the nation's top health officials. (
  • Children went from 7 vaccines to more than 70. (
  • No vaccine is ever looked at for its ability to cause cancer-surely not the combination of vaccines and cancer is now the leading cause of death ion little children. (
  • After all, vaccines might be fine for your children, *sniff,* but mine are special. (
  • Wakefield also hoped to patent a test to help identify which children were at risk of getting "colitis" from vaccines, AND the data in his case series was altered. (
  • If one in 68 children is within the autism spectrum why are no large scale studies getting to the bottom of this epidemic… The fact of the matter is if scientist don't know why autism is so prevalent they cannot say 100% it isn't caused by vaccines. (
  • A study published in Pediatrics International of Japanese children ages 6 months to 2 years who were vaccinated against the flu found that the influenza vaccine did not reduce the rate of influenza A infections in children under two. (
  • Not surprisingly, with all children susceptible to this new strain of influenza, any situation that results in close contact with an infected child, even during the summer, will lead to ongoing transmission. (
  • On 28 February 1998, Andrew Wakefield, a British gastroenterologist, and colleagues [ 1 ] published a paper in The Lancet that described 8 children whose first symptoms of autism appeared within 1 month after receiving an MMR vaccine. (
  • Because ~50,000 British children per month received MMR vaccine between ages 1 and 2 years-at a time when autism typically presents-coincidental associations were inevitable. (
  • Indeed, given the prevalence of autism in England in 1998 of 1 in 2000 children [ 2 ], ~25 children per month would receive a diagnosis of the disorder soon after receiving MMR vaccine by chance alone. (
  • 3 ] found that the measles vaccine virus genome was not detected more commonly in children with or without autism. (
  • We looked at the [blood] level of mercury in children who received thimerosal-containing vaccines. (
  • We accounted for virtually all the mercury contained in the vaccine in the stool of these children, with not much excretion in the urine. (
  • This was a small study of 61 children: 20 two-month-olds who got thimerosal, 20 six-month-olds who got thimerosal, and 21 controls. (
  • On 28 March 2014, the United States Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) announced that new data show that the estimated number of children identified with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) , a disorder of neural development, usually appearing before the age of 3 years, characterized by impaired social interaction and verbal and non-verbal communication, and by restricted, repetitive or stereotyped behavior, continues to rise. (
  • This data was culled from studies on 8-year-old children living in 11 communities across the country. (
  • The data was gathered in this manner to get a detailed analysis of representative subsection of the USA, but it does not statistically represent the entire population of children in the United States. (
  • The governments of developed countries have removed it from vaccines given to children, who are of course most at risk of mercury poisoning. (
  • We've known for some time that certain neurologic conditions can put children at high risk for serious complications from influenza," said Dr. Lyn Finelli, chief of the surveillance and outbreak response team in CDC's Influenza Division. (
  • The most commonly reported complications for children with neurologic disorders in this study were influenza-associated pneumonia and acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). (
  • According to public health doctors and a medical trade association representing U.S. pediatricians, poor children in developing countries should continue to get vaccines containing the mercury preservative, thimerosal, because providing these children with mercury-free vaccines "would devastate public health efforts in developing countries," the New York Times reports. (
  • Both the WHO and AAP say a thimerosal ban could keep children in poor nations from getting needed vaccines. (
  • Pregnant women and children are generally advised to request thimerosal-free flu vaccines. (
  • Many serious adverse reactions to this year's seasonal influenza vaccine have occurred across Australia, and its use remains suspended in children aged 5 years and under. (
  • 1 2 3 Data released on 1 June 2010 show that 1 in every 110 young children vaccinated with the CSL vaccine had a febrile seizure. (
  • In one outbreak in California, the parents of 9 of the 12 children who became ill had chosen not to have their child vaccinated against measles and the other 3 children were too young to have received the vaccine. (
  • These results indicate that parental concerns that their children are receiving too many vaccines in the first 2 years of life or too many vaccines at a single doctor visit are not supported in terms of an increased risk of autism. (
  • This article describes routine vaccines for children and adults. (
  • In the first place Miller lurches casually from "since 1988" to "the past decade", which is actually "since 1991" (thus evading the accelerated DPT schedule introduced in 1990) and she is only talking about the routine programme, in a period when many parents split the vaccines, unwittingly exposing their children to even more mercury. (
  • Most people who vaccinate their children do not realize the kind of ingredients contained in vaccines-and even if they do know, they may not fully understand what that particular ingredient does or what it means. (
  • This list gives an indication of the ingredients in common vaccines designed for children and young adults. (
  • Question #1) If measles vaccines confer measles immunity, then why do already- vaccinated children have anything to fear from a measles outbreak? (
  • The headlines have become so common and brazen that any talk against vaccines is assumed abusive and risky to our beloved children. (
  • The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) has just announced that autism prevalence is up 16% with new data showing that 1 in 59 US children have autism. (
  • However, the government not only allows but also defends its injection into the population, especially pregnant women and newborn children, as part of influenza vaccines currently recommended by the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). (
  • However, in April of 2002, the CDC began recommending that pregnant women and very young children get annual Thimerosal-preserved flu shots. (
  • Clearly, the lack of a warning to pregnant women and young children regarding the mercury content of their vaccines makes no scientific sense…Mercury crosses the placental barrier, and a pregnant woman's body preferentially dumps mercury into her fetus. (
  • The recommended vaccines and their schedule are the results of many years of scientific study and data-gathering on millions of children by thousands of our brightest scientists and physicians. (
  • Over the past several years, some people have chosen not to vaccinate their children or rather to vaccinate on alternative vaccine schedules. (
  • Many supporters of holistic and alternative medicine soon began to theorize that the mercury used in a vaccine preservative called thimerosal was triggering myriad illnesses in children. (
  • Andrew Wakefield, author of the landmark study linking vaccines and autism, based his research on a sample of just 12 children. (
  • Young children are also at increased risk of complications from influenza. (
  • This study was designed to determine the attitudes and practices of pediatricians regarding immunizing children against influenza. (
  • Autism Occurrence by MMR Vaccine Status Among US Children With Older Siblings With and Without Autism. (
  • This retrospective, cohort study of 95,7272 children examined the risk of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) between groups who had been vaccinated with the MMR vaccine and those who had not. (
  • In this large sample of privately insured children with older siblings, receipt of the MMR vaccine was not associated with increased risk of ASD, regardless of whether older siblings had ASD. (
  • These findings indicate no harmful association between MMR vaccine receipt and ASD even among children already at higher risk for ASD. (
  • Doctors vaccinate themselves and their children because they understand that vaccines are safe and vaccines work. (
  • Is it safe to give multiple vaccines in one visit? (
  • Getting multiple vaccines at once does not weaken the immune system or affect a child negatively in anyway. (
  • and (3) the simultaneous administration of multiple vaccines overwhelms or weakens the immune system. (
  • Furthermore, we could not find any evidence that other types of vaccines or a combined effect of multiple vaccines was associated with ASD onset. (
  • They include studies on how vaccine recipients respond to multiple vaccines given simultaneously. (
  • Common adverse events can be identified by comparing the incidence of those events in vaccine recipients with the incidence rate in placebo recipients. (
  • A) This is a method that allows looking for specific adverse event "signals" in an active, hypothesis-driven process rather than in a passive "data mining" process as is used with the VAERS database. (
  • Thimerosal was removed from vaccines as a precaution, even though there has never been scientific evidence of a link between thimerosal and adverse effects. (
  • So how to explain an article published in Medscape last week and authored by Alison Gandey entitled HPV Vaccine Adverse Events Worrisome Says Key Investigator ? (
  • An "adverse event" is any health problem that happens after a shot or other vaccine. (
  • An adverse event might be truly caused by a vaccine, or it might be pure coincidence. (
  • Once the vaccine is being used, the FDA and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention monitor it through the Vaccine Adverse Event Reporting System (VAERS). (
  • Not only did the CDC fail to disclose the spiraling spike in fetal death reports in real time during the 2009 pandemic season as to cut the fetal losses, but also we have documented by transcript Dr. Marie McCormick, chairperson of the Vaccine Safety Risk Assessment Working Group (VSRAWG) on September 3, 2010, denying any adverse events in the pregnant population during the 2009 Pandemic season. (
  • On both September 3 and September 10 , Dr. Marie McCormick clearly denied that there were any adverse events for pregnant women from the 2009 flu vaccine. (
  • Unfortunately for Dr. Shimabakuru, his attempts to pull the wool over the eyes of the audience were foiled when he was challenged by a member of the audience asking if the vaccine caused adverse events in pregnancy. (
  • The most recent comprehensive report was Adverse Effects of Vaccines: Evidence and Causality (IOM, 2012). (
  • Most IOM reviews of vaccine safety have examined the association between adverse events and individual vaccines. (
  • What prompted me to put this list together was the staggering number of people reporting adverse reactions to vaccines. (
  • What I found was that many of the adverse reactions fit into many of the side effects of many ingredients contained in vaccines. (
  • Inadequate consideration has been given to the additive or synergistic adverse effects of multiple simultaneous vaccines, although in the case of toxic chemicals, two compounds together may be 10 times more toxic than either separately, or 3 compounds 100 times more toxic. (
  • Thus diabetes induced by vaccine should not be considered a rare potential adverse event. (
  • We believe that the public should be fully informed that vaccines, though effective in preventing infections, may have long term adverse effects. (
  • Pharmacogenomics in the evaluation of efficacy and adverse events during clinical development of vaccines. (
  • Prospective study of 3 million adverse events in temporal relation to MMR vaccine. (
  • Over a decade's effort to detect all severe adverse events associated with MMR vaccine could find no data supporting the hypothesis that it would cause pervasive developmental disorder (such as ASD) or inflammatory bowel disease. (
  • Methylmercury is NOT present in vaccines but it is in some of the food we eat. (
  • A study in monkeys showed that the absorption and initial distribution of mercury in their bodies, was similar after injection of thimerosal-containing vaccines or after the feeding of methylmercury. (
  • He frequently lectures to national and international healthcare organizations about vaccine safety and efficacy. (
  • Without any recent credible and sound biological science to support their claims for vaccines' efficacy and safety, the vaccine complex and its federal allies have been forced to rely upon courts of law and the ignorance of an inept mainstream media to further promulgate their flawed mythologies to advance the vaccine agenda. (
  • Part of the reluctance seems to stem from questions about efficacy, raised by data coming directly from the CDC. (
  • In February the CDC revealed that the 2014-2015 influenza vaccine had an efficacy rate of only 19 percent. (
  • While this disappointing news may have come as a surprise to parents who had been told by their doctors that the nasal spray vaccines were safe and effective, it was not a surprise to health safety advocates and environmentalists who have raised scientifically based efficacy concerns for nearly as long as the government has been promoting flu vaccines. (
  • Manufacturer(s) have sought approval of the vaccine(s) and provided evidence as to its safety and efficacy only when it is used in accordance with the product monographs. (
  • The presence of maternal dengue antibody during the first year of life makes it unlikely that a vaccine given during that time will have long-term efficacy, as the vaccine virus would likely be neutralized prior to necessary replication. (
  • Until 2013, health researchers made all commercially available flu vaccines from viruses cultivated in chicken eggs and then collected, purified, tested for safety and efficacy, and once approved, distributed to care providers. (
  • The efficacy of this vaccine has mainly been studied in young women (16 through 26 years of age) who previously had not been exposed to the targeted HPV types. (
  • Pharmacogenomics in the preclinical development of vaccines: evaluation of efficacy and systemic toxicity in the mouse using array technology. (
  • the committee recommends the use of Thimerosal-free DTaP, HIB, hepatitis B vaccines in the United States, despite the fact that there might be remaining supplies of Thimerosal-containing vaccine available. (
  • Hardly any Americans know that there are infected African green monkey kidney cells in the smallpox and DTap vaccines , but all the M.D.s know, but the CDC doesn't like when patients ask questions. (
  • In March, 2006, the Center for Disease Control and Prevention's ACIP provided provisional recommendations for the use of DTaP vaccine for adolescents (Broder, et al. (
  • With the availability of additional evidence on the safety of thimerosal as a preservative in vaccines, NACI published a brief statement updating its recommendations in December 2005 (2) in conjunction with the annual influenza vaccine campaign, promising to follow up with a completely revised statement. (
  • The next allergy to usually show up at about 3 months of age is soy allergy [14] due to the soy peptone broth and aluminum adjuvant[15] in the Pneumococcal Conjugate vaccine given at approximately 2 months of age. (
  • The incidence of pediatric ambulatory CAP (Community Acquired Pneumonia) visits has not changed significantly between 1994 and 2007, despite the introduction of heptavalent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine in 2000. (
  • [3] Unlike other vaccine preservatives used at the time, thiomersal does not reduce the potency of the vaccines that it protects. (
  • My main problem with vaccines is not the actual vaccine but the heavy metals/ preservatives that they contain. (
  • Why not make small batch fresh vaccines without the use of preservatives? (
  • Interestingly, the AAP has been inaccurately publicizing the idea that a thimerosal ban is, in fact, part of the treaty in order to have an excuse to globally defend the safety of mercury preservatives in vaccines. (
  • Paul Offit, MD, and Charlotte Moser, BS, of the Vaccine Education Center (VEC) at the Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, published an article, 'The Problem with Dr. Bob's Alternative Vaccine Schedule,' in the January 2009 issue of Pediatrics. (
  • 104 106 107 108 160 170 186 190 Seasonal influenza vaccine inactivated (IIV) contains noninfectious, suitably inactivated influenza virus types A and B subunits representing influenza strains likely to circulate in the US during the upcoming influenza season and is used to stimulate active immunity to influenza strains contained in the vaccine. (
  • My book, Thimerosal: Let the Science Speak, details over 400 studies on the toxic effects of thimerosal. (
  • They will tell you ethyl-mercury, the kind used in Thimerosal, is less toxic. (
  • Thiomersal is very toxic by inhalation, ingestion, and in contact with skin (EC hazard symbol T+), with a danger of cumulative effects. (
  • They also claim it's "safe when used as a preservative" in vaccines, but no amount of mercury is safe in the human body, in fact, mercury is the most toxic non-radioactive element on earth. (
  • In fairness to my now-deceased professors, there were far fewer drugs and only a miniscule number of toxic vaccines available back then (1964 - 1968). (
  • Thimerosal is made from toxic mercury. (
  • I don't get the flu shot because it has [thimerosal] and other toxic substances,"mb wrote. (
  • Thimerosal is so toxic that putting it on your skin is illegal. (
  • Yet, despite warnings in the published scientific literature that Thimerosal was toxic, and despite opposition to its use in every decade since, Thimerosal has remained in the drug supply. (
  • While it is true that elemental mercury is highly toxic, and that thimerosal contains this element, thimerosal has very different chemical properties. (
  • It is true that formaldehyde can be toxic and that it is used in vaccine production. (
  • The World Health Organization's policy on thimerosal and vaccines was confirmed in June 2002 on the basis of known to be false and flawed data in a British study sanctioned by the US Centers for Disease Control, subsequently included in the notorious Institute of Medicine review of Thimerosal and MMR, and only finally published in PEDIATRICS, the Journal of the Academy of American Pediatrics in September 2004. (
  • 2017 JAMA Pediatrics 171: e163609) from insurance giant Northern California Kaiser Permanente. (
  • Numerous additional industry front groups are popping up on social media to spread vaccine propaganda, such as the European Health Parliament (EHP, situated in Brussels, created in 2017). (
  • Few studies of the toxicity of thiomersal in humans have been performed. (
  • After reading all of the published studies below on the toxicity of thimerosal, one has to wonder upon what data the CDC based its conclusion that thimerosal laden vaccines posed only a theoretical risk of harm. (
  • Environmental Protection Agency recently reported that the scientific evidence that thimerosal causes reproductive and developmental toxicity is 'clear and voluminous. (
  • With that declaration, and a subsequent one by Eli Lilly staff that Thimerosal has a low order of toxicity for man, even though it killed small animals, Thimerosal was introduced into the drug supply. (
  • The claim that thimerosal in vaccines leads to mercury toxicity is also not supported by scientific evidence. (
  • He also makes several claims about the toxicity of other vaccine ingredients, namely formaldehyde, nickel, aluminum, and "DNA adducts", again without any scientific evidence. (
  • However, the amount of formaldehyde present in vaccines is too low to cause toxicity. (
  • Mercury in Vaccines: History & Toxicity. (
  • Commercial vaccine formulations contain a range of additives or manufacturing residuals, which may contribute to patient concerns about vaccine safety. (
  • 0.001) and was associated with the vaccine formulations of one manufacturer-Fluvax and Fluvax Junior (CSL Biotherapies). (
  • It was developed and registered under the trade name Merthiolate in 1928 by the pharmaceutical corporation Eli Lilly and Company and has been used as a preservative in vaccines , immunoglobulin preparations, skin test antigens , antivenins , ophthalmic and nasal products, and tattoo inks. (
  • It has been used as a preservative in vaccines, immunoglobulin preparations, skin test antigens, antivenins, ophthalmic and nasal products, and tattoo inks. (
  • Reform Committee found that 'thimerosal used as a preservative in vaccines is likely related to the autism epidemic' and charged that the federal Food and Drug Administration has been 'asleep at the switch' with respect to thimerosal. (
  • Lie # 1 "Thimerosal, 49.55% mercury by weight, is safe when used as a preservative in vaccines and other drugs. (
  • this vaccine is a trivalent vaccine made from insect cells (cell-based) that have recombinant DNA that produces viral proteins in an egg-free system (the egg-free system avoids problem of egg allergy in some patients). (
  • For those in the southern hemisphere, like Australia, the flu season has already begun, and the health hazards of this year's seasonal trivalent vaccine have already become evident. (
  • In those years, out of approximately 150 million flu shots given in the U.S. annually, less than 50 million or 34% of those vaccines available for pregnant women were thimerosal-free. (
  • In flu shot package inserts , vaccine manufacturers acknowledge that flu vaccines have never been shown to be safe for pregnant women. (
  • During this time period, pregnant women who received both shots were typically exposed to 50 micrograms of mercury via thimerosal. (
  • It seems overly aggressive, Ayoub maintains, for the CDC to recommend that all pregnant women be vaccinated when, in fact, scientific data to date shows only marginal benefits and the only documented benefit seems to be fewer hospitalizations, not fewer morbidities or mortalities. (
  • Thimerosal, a preservative that is 49 percent ethyl mercury by weight, is present in many vaccines today, and will be in most of the flu vaccines given to babies, toddlers and pregnant women in 2005. (
  • In other words, vaccine status made no difference to whether or not pregnant women or their offspring got the flu. (
  • She stated that the CDC deliberately misled the nation's obstetricians and gynecologists and colluded with the American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology (AJOG) to mislead the public by advertising the flu vaccine as a safe vaccine for pregnant women when they knew fully well that it was causing a massive spike in fetal deaths. (
  • This year, recommendations for routine influenza vaccine receipt have been expanded to include all pregnant women. (
  • While the risk of harm from this source was only theoretical, the decision to set a goal to remove thimerosal was made as a precautionary measure. (
  • Flu - Live, Intranasal Spray Live, attenuated influenza vaccine (LAIV) is a nasal spray that can be given to non-pregnant people 2 through 49 years of age. (
  • Also known as live, attenuated influenza vaccine (LAIV), this nasal spray contains live viruses. (
  • FDA approved this live attenuated influenza virus (LAIV) nasal spray vaccine for use in non-pregnant, otherwise healthy persons 2 through 49 years of age. (
  • Influenza ( flu ) vaccines are nasal sprays or injections currently composed either of live attenuated (rendered much less able to cause infection) flu viruses or killed viruses or virus components (both are unable to reproduce) that, when administered to individuals, generate an immune response that will be strong enough to protect that individual from developing influenza disease. (
  • health care professionals usually administer the live attenuated vaccine by a nasal spray (intranasal), while health care providers typically administer the killed virus by an intramuscular injection (shot), usually into the deltoid (arm) muscle. (
  • On the basis of global surveillance of circulating influenza strains, all 3 strains in the 2008-2009 influenza vaccines are different from last year's strains. (
  • Experts choose the viruses in each year's vaccine because the chosen strains represent the most likely viruses to emerge in an upcoming flu season. (
  • Barbara Loe Fisher, founder of the National Vaccine Information Center , discusses the outcome of last year's swine flu debacle, and the potentially harmful changes that are being made to this season's flu vaccine as a result. (
  • Vaccine safety monitoring is conducted both before and after a vaccine is licensed. (
  • The VSD project was created in 1990 by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) and currently involves partnerships with 8 large health maintenance organizations (HMOs) to continually monitor vaccine safety. (
  • The VSD has several advantages over other methods of post-licensure vaccine safety monitoring. (
  • That is, this system asks if a particular vaccine safety concern is more frequent or not in those who got the vaccine. (
  • The safety of aluminum has been established by experience over the past 70 years with hundreds of millions of people inoculated with aluminum-containing vaccines," say the authors, who add that the small quantities of aluminum in vaccines have not been shown to be harmful in animal studies. (
  • Primary health care professionals are well placed to address patient concerns about vaccine safety. (
  • We describe the key constituents present in vaccines, discuss issues related to safety and acceptability of these constituents, and provide a table highlighting constituents of commercially available vaccines in Australia. (
  • The comment was then dropped from the CDC's 2004 version of the report, but no new safety data was cited. (
  • The official title of the meeting was the ' Scientific Review of Vaccine Safety Datalink Information . (
  • NVIC is a non-profit nationwide organization dedicated to preventing vaccine injuries and deaths through public education, improving the safety of vaccines. (
  • For information about vaccine safety, visit ImmunizeBC . (
  • House committee pointed out, the FDA has never required industry to conduct extensive safety studies on thimerosal. (
  • Perhaps the reason that the drug companies want thimerosal-containing vaccines to be used up rather than destroyed has more to do with potential legal liability than it does with safety. (
  • Yep, it's on Eli Lilly's "Material Safety Data Sheet. (
  • Some parents still question vaccine safety because the media gives false claims a lot of attention, and the Internet has wrong information that is easy to find. (
  • A new report this week has once again put vaccine safety in the headlines. (
  • That people in these counties likely hold more post-graduate degrees per capita than elsewhere even makes it worse because the science that proves vaccine safety is not challenging. (
  • The thimerosal timeline and several supporting safety studies are listed here . (
  • The studies supporting vaccine safety are overwhelming. (
  • Medscape: Please summarize your Lancet study results and their implications for the safety of vaccines containing thimerosal. (
  • 1] The health authorities and vaccine manufacturers blatantly revealed their uncertainty regarding the safety of vaccines made from cancer tumors. (
  • Although safety is not my sole reason for declining vaccines, it is one. (
  • I want to take this opportunity to provide a resource - an offer of research that examines the safety and health risks associated when a vaccine is utilized in the determent of a specific disease . (
  • Below is published research that proposes concern in the safety of vaccines to the health of the individual. (
  • Please note: Although the DTP vaccine is still administered in other parts of the world it is not currently included on the United State's CDC schedule, because of this, I did NOT include any research regarding the safety of this vaccine - although the published research out there is abundant. (
  • Information about the safety for specific vaccines are included in the Ask The Expert set for that vaccine. (
  • The health outcomes that the committee chose to review were selected on the basis of its examination of the peer-reviewed literature, previous IOM vaccine safety studies, and public presentations at open meetings of the committee. (
  • Few published studies on vaccine effects include before-and-after studies of immune parameters or brain function studies such as electroencephalograms, or long-term safety monitoring. (
  • The focus of this appendix is how the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) and the vaccine industry control vaccine safety assessments, control the science of vaccines and control the scientific and mass channels of information about vaccines. (
  • Through this elaborate network of collaborative partnerships, industry gained global control of vaccine safety assessments. (
  • Why would anybody not want a vaccine safety assessment? (
  • Nevertheless, the study lends credence to those who are concerned about vaccine safety, and bellies the claims of vaccine promoters who would have us believe that the safety of vaccines has been fully established, and needs no further scientific probing. (
  • The commission would investigate CDC's handling of vaccine safety and conflicts of interest at the agency. (
  • More than 350 pro-vaccine groups expressed their " unequivocal support for the safety of vaccines" in a letter to the president . (
  • One major unacknowledged reason for the objection to a vaccine safety commission is that it is likely to shine a light on the financial conflicts of interest and corrupt practices at the Centers for Disease Control (CDC). (
  • Thimerosal has never undergone even one modern safety test. (
  • Vaccine Safety & Availability Section Contents Menu Safety & Availab. (
  • On behalf of organizations representing families, providers, researchers, patients, and consumers, we write to express our unequivocal support for the safety of vaccines. (
  • Unequivocal support means that they are completely confident that vaccines are safe, not that vaccines are 100% safe, Nothing is 100% safe, so demanding for 100% safety is an argument against everything - even breathing isn't 100% safe. (
  • Don't expect the self-proclaimed vaccine safety organizations to write about this, unless they are claiming that it is a part of some sort of international conspiracy of governments, universities, private companies, and other research organizations. (
  • As always, pediatricians, nurses, and all health care personnel should promote influenza vaccine use and infection control measures. (
  • Vaccines can be prophylactic (to prevent or ameliorate the effects of a future infection by a natural or "wild" pathogen ), or therapeutic (to fight a disease that has already occurred, such as cancer ). (
  • Although the symptoms could have been triggered by a fever or infection, the CDC agreed to pay the family from a federal fund that compensates people injured by vaccines. (
  • However, women should be advised that data do not indicate that the vaccine will have any therapeutic effect on existing Pap test abnormalities, HPV infection or genital warts. (
  • That man who is now the scapegoat of the mainstream media around the world when the topic of autism and vaccines is discussed, is Dr. Andrew Wakefield. (
  • These two parts of my life place me at an interesting nexus in a national discussion of autism and vaccines. (
  • Every study so far has shown no link between autism and vaccines. (
  • Thiomersal ( INN ) (C 9 H 9 HgNaO 2 S), commonly known in the United States as thimerosal , is an organomercury compound (approximately 49% mercury by weight) used as an antiseptic and antifungal agent . (
  • Thimerosal contains 49.6% mercury by weight and is metabolized to ethyl mercury and thiosalicylate. (
  • Thimerosal is 49.6% mercury by weight. (
  • The U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention has compared the incidence of autism with the amount of thimerosal received from vaccines. (
  • In the midst of that intense information campaign, the rotavirus vaccine Rotashield was released to the joy and relief of The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), pediatricians and parents. (
  • Recognizing this, and so as not to overload the already over-loaded well-child inoculation schedule, perhaps he CDC (the Big Pharma-subsidized and vaccine cheerleader Centers for Disease Control and Prevention) will be adding shots to the in-hospital and irrational Hepatitis B shot that it recommends be given on day one - when vulnerable mothers are too exhausted and emotionally confused to give truly informed consent. (
  • Substances remaining in vaccines as residuals of the manufacturing process may include antibiotics, formaldehyde, and egg and yeast proteins. (
  • 4 See the CDC guidance for vaccinating during a pandemic at . (
  • Pandemic flu vaccines are created in response to a specific strain of flu virus that is causing widespread disease. (
  • Seasonal vaccines are synthesized and distributed before the start of flu season (designated as Oct. 4 each year until May of the following year) while pandemic vaccines, unfortunately, have to be synthesized and distributed only after the pandemic virus has been identified and started its global spread. (
  • This process usually takes about six months to accomplish, which gives a pandemic flu virus a long time to circulate and infect populations before researchers can develop a vaccine. (
  • And the campaign to hype up the fear and force the untested, unproven pandemic vaccine on the masses through any means reached previously unheard of proportions. (
  • This was perhaps suspected, but when the World Health Organization finally released a list of its pandemic advisors , it finally confirmed that at least five of the key players who influenced the phase six pandemic declaration indeed had financial ties to vaccine makers. (
  • As we now know, our tax dollars were completely wasted on these nonessential pandemic vaccines, and it appears as though financial conflicts of interest between WHO pandemic advisors and the industry may have had a great deal to do with it. (
  • Health care professionals should not prescribe amantadine or rimantadine for influenza treatment or chemoprophylaxis because of widespread resistance to these antiviral medications that continues to exist among some circulating influenza A virus strains. (
  • Amantadine and rimantadine are not effective against influenza B strains. (
  • The severity of the influenza season will depend in part on the extent of circulation of the novel strain along with the regular seasonal influenza strains. (
  • Flu vaccines can be quite different based on the viral type (or strains of the flu virus) used to make the vaccine. (
  • For example, seasonal vaccines usually are now made up of a combination of three or four different influenza viruses (flu strains that differ in some of their surface molecules), also termed as three or four-component vaccines. (
  • even the ideal influenza vaccine, matched perfectly to circulating strains of wild influenza and capable of stopping all influenza viruses, can only deal with a small part of the 'flu' problem because most 'flu' appears to have nothing to do with influenza. (
  • Trace amounts remain in some vaccines due to production processes, at an approximate maximum of 1 microgramme, around 15% of the average daily mercury intake in the US for adults and 2.5% of the daily level considered tolerable by the WHO. (
  • What vaccines are recommended for adults? (
  • and non-elderly adults with long-term (chronic) medical conditions that increase their risk for serious health problems as a result of influenza. (
  • Once supplies at all local levels are adequate to routinely vaccinate these target populations, vaccine also is recommended for healthy adults ages 25 through 64. (
  • Adults spread influenza to others during a period from 1 day before symptom onset to up to 7 days afterwards. (
  • Adjuvants, such as aluminum compounds, enhance the desired immune response the vaccine is designed to produce. (
  • Like many vaccines, Gardasil contains aluminum salts. (
  • As for aluminum, as I've said many times before, now that mercury in vaccines is being increasingly exonerated as a cause or "trigger" for autism by multiple high quality studies and lots of science, aluminum is fast becoming the new mercury among antivaccinationists. (
  • 34] Aluminum is used in vaccines as an adjuvant. (
  • 35] Aluminum is used in the vaccine because it saves the manufacturers money and amplifies the body s immune response to the protein in the vaccine. (
  • And what about Dr. Fudenberg's "facts" about mercury and aluminum in the flu vaccine? (
  • The Effect of Aluminum in Vaccines on Humans. (
  • Many of my patients are reading The Vaccine Book, in which the author, Dr. Bob Sears, cites studies that he interprets as showing that the amount of aluminum found in certain vaccines might be unsafe. (
  • Aluminum in Vaccines: What you should know" is available from VEC at . (
  • Aluminum is put into vaccines as an adjuvant to help them "work better" or to "enhance" them. (
  • If our state governments continue on the path of mandating vaccines, we lose our choice to say no to medical procedures which contain neurotoxins such as mercury and aluminum. (
  • On the one hand, they routinely denigrate academics because inevitably well-designed, well-executed epidemiological studies testing the hypothesis that vaccines are correlated with the risk of autism always come up empty. (
  • Because gait disturbance may not result in hospital admission, we also tested the same hypothesis using the General Practice Research Database (GPRD) which holds computerised information on all significant patient consultations, referrals, and prescribed medicines including vaccines from 1988, from around 500 general practices in the UK. (
  • In the United States, there are currently two ways someone can get a flu vaccine-by injection (a shot) or nasal spray. (
  • MMR vaccine has been reported to cause gait disturbance, and this possible association has been claimed to support the MMR-causes-autism theory. (
  • 2009) Investigation of the temporal association of Guillain-Barre syndrome with influenza vaccine and influenzalike illness using the United Kingdom General Practice Research Database. (
  • A rate significantly higher in the vaccine recipients is supportive of vaccine playing a causal role in the illness. (
  • Thus, the VSD does not rely on a physician or parent recognizing that a given clinical illness might be related to vaccine and making a report. (
  • Influenza (flu) is a contagious respiratory illness caused by influenza viruses that infect the nose, throat, and sometimes the lungs. (
  • 2) There are no credible studies showing any links between MMR vaccine and any chronic illness. (
  • We firmly believe in the effectiveness of vaccines to prevent serious illness and save lives. (
  • It is precisely because vaccines are so effective at preventing illness that we are even discussing whether or not they should be given. (
  • Please be advised that "spreading out the vaccines" to give one or two at a time goes against expert recommendations and can put your child at risk for serious illness and death and goes against our medical advice. (
  • other vaccines may contain a trace of thiomersal from steps in manufacture. (
  • In this case, the vaccine is labeled as containing "trace amounts" of thimerosal. (
  • However, some vaccines labeled "preservative free" or "thimerosal free" contain trace amounts of mercury (2). (
  • 100 166 Influenza can exacerbate underlying medical conditions or lead to pneumonia in certain individuals. (
  • The influenza doesn't actually kill the person, the secondary pneumonia does, and it does so because their immune system is too compromised, whether due to age or underlying poor health. (
  • I am a major contributor to the Vaccines in Public Health elective provided within the Master of Public Health course run through the National Centre, teach in the first two years of the Graduate Medical Program in immunisation and the microbiology of pneumonia and in the fourth year in immunisation for students in Paediatrics and Child Health. (
  • The thimerosal content of vaccines either from the manufacturing process or as preservative can be found at the FDA Web site. (
  • In addition to publishing more than 90 peer-reviewed scientific papers, Dr. Offit is co-author of the book "Vaccines: What Every Parent Should Know. (
  • Scientific data does not show a link between the MMR vaccine and autism. (
  • Regarding the scientific literature, I thought it might be helpful to share with the community of interested individuals, the major peer-reviewed articles I consult regularly to back up my pro- vaccine sentiments and position. (
  • Within the mainstream medical and scientific community there is an unassailable pseudo-truth that vaccines are safe and effective, whether administered individually or in combination. (
  • After several decades of studying the scientific literature regarding vaccines, following the money trails, and interviewing many dozens of toxicologists, immunologists, research physicians, pediatricians, and medical journalists the vaccine paradigm can now be accurately deconstructed with real independent science. (
  • Dr. Thompson, who co-authored and published research on vaccine thimerosal mercury-still included in some vaccines, especially the influenza vaccine-has admitted he was part of the CDC's conspiracy to obscure scientific evidence proving thimerosal and the MMR vaccine as causal factors for autism. (
  • I live in a county which is on the leading edge of this scientific ignorance, but we are not alone in Marin as there are several "very special" Bay Area counties when it comes to vaccines. (
  • Indeed, numerous peer-reviewed scientific studies have shown that the flu vaccine is not effective either at reducing the flu or reducing flu-related deaths. (
  • Vaccines Congress 2019 along with 500+ Conferences organized across USA, Europe & Asia every year with support from 1000 more scientific societies and Publishes 400+ Open access journals which contain over 30000 eminent personalities as editorial board members. (
  • In fact, flu shot vaccine inserts openly admit there is no scientific evidence demonstrating flu shots work . (
  • Vaccines and autism are not linked or related according to real science, published in real scientific journals written by top scientists and physicians. (
  • In recent years, several large scientific studies have determined that thimerosal in vaccines does not lead to neurologic problems, such as autism. (
  • In fact, most of us who support vaccines use the scientific method - the evidence leads us to a conclusion. (
  • By countless scientific accounts, far more dangerous to human health than any reported incidences of Swine Flu are the dangers of severe health issues including paralysis, brain damage and even death arising from what is added to vaccines by virtually every major vaccine maker. (
  • Conclusions drawn by participants should be derived from objective analysis of scientific data. (
  • The financial interest of these collaborating partnerships conflicts with the tenets of medical ethics and scientific integrity - such as transparency and independent assessment of the data. (
  • Act with the U.S. government, describing the astonishing scientific fraud of how Merck faked its vaccine results to trick the FDA? (
  • What are they afraid that an independent examination and evaluation of the evidence - both scientific data and empirical - might uncover? (
  • We firmly believe, based on all available medical and scientific literature, evidence, and current medical studies, that vaccines do not cause developmental disabilities or autism. (
  • Unless you want to ignore the overwhelming evidence , the scientific consensus is pretty clear - vaccines are not linked to autism. (
  • Several different types of influenza vaccines may be available in the US for prevention of seasonal influenza: influenza vaccine inactivated (IIV), influenza vaccine recombinant (RIV), and influenza vaccine live intranasal (LAIV). (
  • The Lancet report by Andrew Wakefield that helped start a lot of the fear about a connection between vaccines and autism was never replicated by other researchers, has been retracted and found to be based on fraudulent research. (
  • Researchers look for any problem with a vaccine, inspect the problem, and decide what to do. (
  • During this same time period, the Eli Lilly researchers reported on the first injections of thimerosal into humans. (
  • Either the researchers are talking about a whole different topic, or the data was so weak that there's barely a statistical difference in the autism and non-autism groups. (
  • First, health researchers usually made the vaccines from new flu virus, not detected in previous flu seasons by flu experts and not included in the seasonal flu vaccines. (
  • Researchers may synthesize future vaccines differently like Flublok. (
  • This limited protection is the reason that health researchers develop new flu vaccines each year. (
  • In 1933, researchers discovered that viruses (influenza virus types A, B, and rarely C) cause influenza (flu). (
  • This wasn't the first time vaccines were associated with ASD, it was suggested by a few other researchers previously. (
  • The researchers found correlations for one vaccine in particular: the influenza vaccine, which was associated with higher rates of OCD, anorexia, anxiety disorder and tic disorder. (
  • And it turns out that these articles are written in large part by researchers in the pay of vaccine makers. (
  • Thimerosal has been used as preservative in biologics and vaccines since the 1930s because it prevents bacterial and fungal contamination, particularly in multidose containers. (