A tubular organ of VOICE production. It is located in the anterior neck, superior to the TRACHEA and inferior to the tongue and HYOID BONE.
Cancers or tumors of the LARYNX or any of its parts: the GLOTTIS; EPIGLOTTIS; LARYNGEAL CARTILAGES; LARYNGEAL MUSCLES; and VOCAL CORDS.
Total or partial excision of the larynx.
A pair of cone-shaped elastic mucous membrane projecting from the laryngeal wall and forming a narrow slit between them. Each contains a thickened free edge (vocal ligament) extending from the THYROID CARTILAGE to the ARYTENOID CARTILAGE, and a VOCAL MUSCLE that shortens or relaxes the vocal cord to control sound production.
Pathological processes involving any part of the LARYNX which coordinates many functions such as voice production, breathing, swallowing, and coughing.
The mucous lining of the LARYNX, consisting of various types of epithelial cells ranging from stratified squamous EPITHELIUM in the upper larynx to ciliated columnar epithelium in the rest of the larynx, mucous GOBLET CELLS, and glands containing both mucous and serous cells.
The process of producing vocal sounds by means of VOCAL CORDS vibrating in an expiratory blast of air.
The vocal apparatus of the larynx, situated in the middle section of the larynx. Glottis consists of the VOCAL FOLDS and an opening (rima glottidis) between the folds.
The striated muscle groups which move the LARYNX as a whole or its parts, such as altering tension of the VOCAL CORDS, or size of the slit (RIMA GLOTTIDIS).
A thin leaf-shaped cartilage that is covered with LARYNGEAL MUCOSA and situated posterior to the root of the tongue and HYOID BONE. During swallowing, the epiglottis folds back over the larynx inlet thus prevents foods from entering the airway.
Branches of the VAGUS NERVE. The superior laryngeal nerves originate near the nodose ganglion and separate into external branches, which supply motor fibers to the cricothyroid muscles, and internal branches, which carry sensory fibers. The RECURRENT LARYNGEAL NERVE originates more caudally and carries efferents to all muscles of the larynx except the cricothyroid. The laryngeal nerves and their various branches also carry sensory and autonomic fibers to the laryngeal, pharyngeal, tracheal, and cardiac regions.
Tumors or cancer of the HYPOPHARYNX.
Examination, therapy or surgery of the interior of the larynx performed with a specially designed endoscope.
Tumors or cancer of the PHARYNX.
The recording of wavelike motions or undulations. It is usually used on arteries to detect variations in blood pressure.
The nine cartilages of the larynx, including the cricoid, thyroid and epiglottic, and two each of arytenoid, corniculate and cuneiform.
The small thick cartilage that forms the lower and posterior parts of the laryngeal wall.
That component of SPEECH which gives the primary distinction to a given speaker's VOICE when pitch and loudness are excluded. It involves both phonatory and resonatory characteristics. Some of the descriptions of voice quality are harshness, breathiness and nasality.
A carcinoma derived from stratified SQUAMOUS EPITHELIAL CELLS. It may also occur in sites where glandular or columnar epithelium is normally present. (From Stedman, 25th ed)
The bottom portion of the pharynx situated below the OROPHARYNX and posterior to the LARYNX. The hypopharynx communicates with the larynx through the laryngeal inlet, and is also called laryngopharynx.
One of a pair of small pyramidal cartilages that articulate with the lamina of the CRICOID CARTILAGE. The corresponding VOCAL LIGAMENT and several muscles are attached to it.
A mobile U-shaped bone that lies in the anterior part of the neck at the level of the third CERVICAL VERTEBRAE. The hyoid bone is suspended from the processes of the TEMPORAL BONES by ligaments, and is firmly bound to the THYROID CARTILAGE by muscles.
Abnormal accumulation of fluid in tissues of any part of the LARYNX, commonly associated with laryngeal injuries and allergic reactions.
Surgical removal of a part of the pharynx. (Dorland, 28th ed)
Congenital or acquired paralysis of one or both VOCAL CORDS. This condition is caused by defects in the CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM, the VAGUS NERVE and branches of LARYNGEAL NERVES. Common symptoms are VOICE DISORDERS including HOARSENESS or APHONIA.
Soft tissue tumors or cancer arising from the mucosal surfaces of the LIP; oral cavity; PHARYNX; LARYNX; and cervical esophagus. Other sites included are the NOSE and PARANASAL SINUSES; SALIVARY GLANDS; THYROID GLAND and PARATHYROID GLANDS; and MELANOMA and non-melanoma skin cancers of the head and neck. (from Holland et al., Cancer Medicine, 4th ed, p1651)
The act of taking solids and liquids into the GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT through the mouth and throat.
Inflammation of the LARYNGEAL MUCOSA, including the VOCAL CORDS. Laryngitis is characterized by irritation, edema, and reduced pliability of the mucosa leading to VOICE DISORDERS such as APHONIA and HOARSENESS.
The observation of successive phases of MOVEMENT by use of a flashing light.
Techniques, procedures, and therapies carried out on diseased organs in such a way to avoid complete removal of the organ and preserve the remaining organ function.
Pathological processes that affect voice production, usually involving VOCAL CORDS and the LARYNGEAL MUCOSA. Voice disorders can be caused by organic (anatomical), or functional (emotional or psychological) factors leading to DYSPHONIA; APHONIA; and defects in VOICE QUALITY, loudness, and pitch.
The force per unit area that the air exerts on any surface in contact with it. Primarily used for articles pertaining to air pressure within a closed environment.
Sounds used in animal communication.
The branch of physics that deals with sound and sound waves. In medicine it is often applied in procedures in speech and hearing studies. With regard to the environment, it refers to the characteristics of a room, auditorium, theatre, building, etc. that determines the audibility or fidelity of sounds in it. (From Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)
Difficulty in SWALLOWING which may result from neuromuscular disorder or mechanical obstruction. Dysphagia is classified into two distinct types: oropharyngeal dysphagia due to malfunction of the PHARYNX and UPPER ESOPHAGEAL SPHINCTER; and esophageal dysphagia due to malfunction of the ESOPHAGUS.
Tumors or cancer of the OROPHARYNX.
Developmental or acquired stricture or narrowing of the LARYNX. Symptoms of respiratory difficulty depend on the degree of laryngeal narrowing.
Endoscopes for examining the interior of the larynx.
Surgical incision of the trachea.
The sounds produced by humans by the passage of air through the LARYNX and over the VOCAL CORDS, and then modified by the resonance organs, the NASOPHARYNX, and the MOUTH.
Tumors or cancer of the MOUTH.
A continuing periodic change in displacement with respect to a fixed reference. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)
Surgical formation of an opening into the trachea through the neck, or the opening so created.
A funnel-shaped fibromuscular tube that conducts food to the ESOPHAGUS, and air to the LARYNX and LUNGS. It is located posterior to the NASAL CAVITY; ORAL CAVITY; and LARYNX, and extends from the SKULL BASE to the inferior border of the CRICOID CARTILAGE anteriorly and to the inferior border of the C6 vertebra posteriorly. It is divided into the NASOPHARYNX; OROPHARYNX; and HYPOPHARYNX (laryngopharynx).
The cartilaginous and membranous tube descending from the larynx and branching into the right and left main bronchi.
larynx. Croup. Laryngomalacia. Laryngeal cyst. Laryngitis. Laryngopharyngeal reflux (LPR). Laryngospasm. vocal cords. ...
larynx. Croup. Laryngomalacia. Laryngeal cyst. Laryngitis. Laryngopharyngeal reflux (LPR). Laryngospasm. vocal folds. ...
larynx. Croup. Laryngomalacia. Laryngeal cyst. Laryngitis. Laryngopharyngeal reflux (LPR). Laryngospasm. vocal folds. ...
larynx. Croup. Laryngomalacia. Laryngeal cyst. Laryngitis. Laryngopharyngeal reflux (LPR). Laryngospasm. vocal folds. ...
Anatomy of the larynx. Cartilage. *major/unpaired: Epiglottis *Vallecula. *Thyroid *Adam's apple ...
larynx. Croup. Laryngomalacia. Laryngeal cyst. Laryngitis. Laryngopharyngeal reflux (LPR). Laryngospasm. vocal folds. ...
larynx. Croup. Laryngomalacia. Laryngeal cyst. Laryngitis. Laryngopharyngeal reflux (LPR). Laryngospasm. vocal cords. ...
larynx. Croup. Laryngomalacia. Laryngeal cyst. Laryngitis. Laryngopharyngeal reflux (LPR). Laryngospasm. vocal cords. ... Although the larynx and vocal cords do not ordinarily become infected from adenoiditis, their mucosa does become irritated. The ...
larynx. Croup. Laryngomalacia. Laryngeal cyst. Laryngitis. Laryngopharyngeal reflux (LPR). Laryngospasm. vocal folds. ...
larynx. Croup. Laryngomalacia. Laryngeal cyst. Laryngitis. Laryngopharyngeal reflux (LPR). Laryngospasm. vocal folds. ... The movement of gas through the larynx, pharynx and mouth allows humans to speak, or phonate. Vocalization, or singing, in ... The upper tract includes the nose, nasal cavities, sinuses, pharynx and the part of the larynx above the vocal folds. The lower ... The vibration of air flowing across the larynx (vocal cords), in humans, and the syrinx, in birds, results in sound. Because of ...
larynx. Croup. Laryngomalacia. Laryngeal cyst. Laryngitis. Laryngopharyngeal reflux (LPR). Laryngospasm. vocal cords. ...
larynx. Croup. Laryngomalacia. Laryngeal cyst. Laryngitis. Laryngopharyngeal reflux (LPR). Laryngospasm. vocal cords. ...
larynx. Croup. Laryngomalacia. Laryngeal cyst. Laryngitis. Laryngopharyngeal reflux (LPR). Laryngospasm. vocal cords. ...
larynx. Croup. Laryngomalacia. Laryngeal cyst. Laryngitis. Laryngopharyngeal reflux (LPR). Laryngospasm. vocal folds. ...
Antero-lateral view of the ligaments of the larynx (cricoid cartilage visible near bottom center) ... Anatomy figure: 32:04-06 at Human Anatomy Online, SUNY Downstate Medical Center - "Skeleton of the larynx." ...
larynx. Croup. Laryngomalacia. Laryngeal cyst. Laryngitis. Laryngopharyngeal reflux (LPR). Laryngospasm. vocal folds. ...
larynx. Croup. Laryngomalacia. Laryngeal cyst. Laryngitis. Laryngopharyngeal reflux (LPR). Laryngospasm. vocal cords. ...
Ahmad, Sidrah M.; Soliman, Ahmed M.S. (February 2007). "Congenital Anomalies of the Larynx". Otolaryngologic Clinics of North ... Surgery of the larynx may also be conducted using a CO2 laser, which was reported as early as the 1970s.[19] Congenital ductal ... Voice therapy may involve reducing tension in the larynx, reducing loudness, reducing the amount of speech produced, and ... exercises to restrengthen the larynx, and reintegration into normal voice activities.[22] ...
Muscles of larynx. Posterior view.. Oblique arytenoid: The "X" in the center.. Transverse arytenoid: Bands underneath the "X". ... Sagittal section of the larynx and upper part of the trachea. (Arytenoideus visible at center right.) ...
Laryngoscopic view of interior of larynx. Muscles of larynx. Posterior view. Muscles of larynx. Side view. Right lamina of ... The cartilages of the larynx. Posterior view. ...
Larynx (1988, 2007). *Abstract Repressionism: 1990-99 (1992). *Spring & Neap (1997). *Rheo~Umbra (1998) ...
Auris Nasus Larynx. 28 (Suppl): S13-7. doi:10.1016/S0385-8146(00)00105-X. PMID 11683332.. ...
Auris Nasus Larynx. 28 (1): 29-33. doi:10.1016/S0385-8146(00)00089-4. PMID 11137360.. ...
Biswas, Deb (September 2007). "Extracranial head and neck schwannomas-A 10-year review". Auris Nasus Larynx. 34 (3): 353-359. ...
Situated above the larynx, the epiglottis acts as a flap which closes off the trachea during the act of swallowing to direct ... The larynx is a major (but not the only) source of sound in speech, generating sound through the rhythmic opening and closing ... In the female larynx, the vocal fold cover thickens with aging. The superficial layer of the lamina propria loses density as it ... In essence, sound is generated in the larynx by chopping up a steady flow of air into little puffs of sound waves.[38] ...
The epiglottis has two surfaces, a forward-facing surface facing the tongue, and a posterior surface facing the larynx.[3] ... The flap is made of elastic cartilage covered with a mucous membrane, attached to the entrance of the larynx. It projects ... It stands open during breathing, allowing air into the larynx. During swallowing, it closes to prevent aspiration, forcing the ... Larynx. 1=vocal folds, 2=vestibular fold, 3=epiglottis, 4=plica aryepiglottica, 5=arytenoid cartilage, 6=sinus piriformis, 7= ...
There are Low-Vocalizers and High-Vocalizers.[34] Using electromyography to record the muscle action potential of the larynx (i ... Impairing articulation can reduce sensory input from the muscle movements of the larynx to the brain to understand information ... Only in 1899 did an experiment take place to record movement of the larynx through silent reading by a researcher named Curtis ... an individual is categorized under a high or low vocalizer depending on how much muscle movement the muscles in the larynx ...
"First synthetic larynx part transplanted". New Scientist.. *^ "Macchiarini's seventh transplant patient dies". Agence France- ...
Watson refers to language as a "manipulative habit," because when we speak language, the sound originates in our larynx, which ... Curtis, H. S. 1900 [1899]. "Automatic Movements of the Larynx." American Journal of Psychology 11:237-39. ...
Alcohol consumption at any quantity is a risk factor for cancers of the mouth, esophagus, pharynx and larynx. The U.S. National ... Cancers of the mouth, esophagus, pharynx, and larynxEdit. Main articles: Oral cancer, Esophageal cancer, Head and neck cancer, ... The incidence of cancers of the esophagus and larynx increase by 0.7 per 1000.[31] ... larynx, liver, esophagus, oral cavity, and pharynx cancers; and as a probable cause of pancreatic cancer.[2] ...
The word larynx (plural larynges) comes from a similar Ancient Greek word (λάρυγξ lárynx). The triangle-shaped larynx consists ... C1) Digastric elevates the larynx. (CN V3, CN VII) Stylohyoid elevates the larynx. (CN VII) Mylohyoid elevates the larynx. (CN ... C1) Hyoglossus elevates the larynx. (CN XII) Genioglossus elevates the larynx. (CN XII) The larynx is innervated by branches of ... The hyoid bone is not part of the larynx, though the larynx is suspended from the hyoid. The larynx extends vertically from the ...
Compared with the RAE 1921 Target missile, the Larynx (Long Range Gun with Lynx Engine) was smaller, heavier, and faster. In ... The Royal Aircraft Establishment Larynx (from "Long Range Gun with Lynx engine") was an early British pilotless aircraft, to be ...

No data available that match "usually larynx"


  • Throat cancer is cancer of the vocal cords, larynx (voice box), or other areas of the throat. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Larynx and hypopharynx cancer. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Laryngeal cancer is also called cancer of the larynx. (macmillan.org.uk)
  • This booklet is about cancer of the larynx (voicebox), which is also called laryngeal cancer. (macmillan.org.uk)
  • This means the cancer starts in the thin, flat (squamous) cells that line the larynx . (macmillan.org.uk)
  • Sarcoma - cancer of the connective tissues in the larynx. (macmillan.org.uk)
  • Lymphoma - cancer of the lymphatic tissue in the larynx. (macmillan.org.uk)
  • This information covers treatment for squamous cell cancer of the larynx. (macmillan.org.uk)
  • If there are cancer cells in your larynx, your doctor will ask you to have some more tests. (macmillan.org.uk)
  • Many patients with head and neck cancer receive radiation therapy, which attempts to preserve the larynx and its aerodigestive function. (medscape.com)
  • Larynx cancer, also called laryngeal cancer, occurs when malignant cells form in the tissues of the larynx. (ucsfhealth.org)
  • UCSF offers cutting-edge diagnostic and treatment options for larynx cancer, delivered in a comfortable and supportive environment. (ucsfhealth.org)
  • Larynx cancer patients exhibiting low ACh-degrading enzymatic activity had a significantly shorter overall survival (p=0.031). (nih.gov)
  • The aim of radiotherapy for early cancer of the larynx is to cure the cancer. (macmillan.org.uk)
  • I have been reading some testimonials about using laser surgery to open up the larynx when scarring occurs (from trauma, cancer or debarking). (vetinfo.com)
  • What has been proved is that smoking and drinking alcohol are most likely to cause cancer of the larynx. (medic8.com)
  • But people who started smoking at a young age, for example their teens are also at an increased risk of developing cancer of the larynx. (medic8.com)
  • Human papilloma virus (HPV): this can cause an infection of the larynx which may increase the risk of cancer. (medic8.com)
  • Two related types of cancer of the larynx, namely squamous cell carcinoma and verrucous carcinoma , are strongly associated with repeated exposure to cigarette smoke and alcohol. (wikipedia.org)
  • Laryngeal cancer refers to the cancer of the larynx and is more commonly called cancer of the throat. (hubpages.com)
  • Because the larynx contains the vocal cords which are responsible for the production of a person's voice, laryngeal cancer is also sometimes referred to as vocal cord cancer. (hubpages.com)
  • Can Larynx Cancer Spread? (hubpages.com)
  • Does Smoking Cause Larynx Cancer? (hubpages.com)
  • What Causes Larynx Cancer? (hubpages.com)
  • People who are African Americans and have a personal history of head and neck cancer are more likely to be diagnosed with cancer of the larynx. (hubpages.com)
  • What Does Larynx Cancer Feel or Look Like? (hubpages.com)
  • How is Larynx Cancer Diagnosed? (hubpages.com)
  • The program helps people who have damage to or have lost their voice box (larynx) or windpipe (trachea) due to cancer, disease or trauma. (mayoclinic.org)
  • Diets high in fruits and non-starchy vegetables probably reduce your chances of developing cancer of the mouth, pharynx and larynx. (aicr.org)
  • The scared-straight campaign - which recalled a California health department ad from years past in which a larynx cancer patient was shown smoking a cigarette through her tracheotomy tube - was only one component of Mayor Bloomberg's antismoking efforts. (nytimes.com)
  • Cancer of the larynx is usually treated with surgery or radiation therapy, also called radiotherapy. (ucsfhealth.org)
  • There are many conditions that can affect the larynx ranging from laryngitis and vocal cord nodules to laryngeal cancer. (clevelandclinic.org)
  • His main research and clinical interests are the surgical therapy of laryngeal cancer, the clinical embryology of the larynx and the microscopical and endoscopical surgery of the nose and paranasal sinuses. (livrariacultura.com.br)
  • Exposure to asbestos, which is known to cause a form of cancer called mesothelioma, has also been shown to cause some cancers of the ovary and larynx (voice box) as well, scientists have said. (cancerresearchuk.org)
  • Writing in a review in the Lancet Oncology this month, an international team of World Health Organisation experts claim that there is now "sufficient evidence" that asbestos can also cause cancer of the ovary and the larynx. (cancerresearchuk.org)
  • Basing their conclusion on a new 'meta-analysis' of previously published studies, the scientists revealed that people who have been exposed to asbestos are 1.4 times more likely to develop cancer of the larynx than those who have never been exposed to the material, while high levels of exposure are associated with a twofold increased risk of the disease. (cancerresearchuk.org)
  • About 2,300 cases of larynx cancer are diagnosed in the UK each year. (royalmarsden.nhs.uk)
  • This makes larynx cancer relatively rare. (royalmarsden.nhs.uk)
  • We don't know the exact causes of larynx cancer, but several risk factors have been identified. (royalmarsden.nhs.uk)
  • There are a series of tests and investigations which can be done to confirm or rule out a diagnosis of larynx cancer, and to find out whether the cancer has spread to other parts of your body. (royalmarsden.nhs.uk)
  • Cancer of the larynx can be treated by radiotherapy, surgery and chemotherapy on their own or in combination. (royalmarsden.nhs.uk)
  • Other lesions may mimic squamous cell cancer and invade the larynx, and these include thyroid cancer as well as chondroid tumors from the adjacent thyroid cartilage. (ucsd.edu)
  • Like many other cancers, it is not entirely clear what causes larynx cancer. (tgh.org)
  • Generally, cancer of the larynx, also called laryngeal cancer, forms in the squamous cells, which are the thin flat cells lining the inside of the larynx. (tgh.org)
  • Some common symptoms that larynx cancer causes include difficulty breathing and/or swallowing, ear pain, hoarseness, and chronic coughing. (tgh.org)
  • Larynx cancer is a type of head and neck cancer treated with a multidisciplinary approach. (ieo.it)
  • At IEO Larynx cancer is treated by the Head and Neck Division. (ieo.it)
  • Taken together, cancers of the mouth (including cancers of the lips and salivary glands), pharynx and larynx (MPL) are the seventh most frequent type of cancer worldwide. (wcrf.org)
  • Cancers of the mouth, pharynx and larynx, like other cancer types, are the result of genetic alterations that lead to small, localised lesions in the mucosal membranes (very thin membranes that cover the gastrointestinal tract from the mouth to the anus) that grow in an abnormal way (dysplasia). (wcrf.org)
  • Cuba had the highest rate of larynx cancer in 2018, followed by Montenegro. (wcrf.org)
  • Massachusetts General Hospital (MGH) surgeons have developed a new technique for reconstructing the larynx after surgery for advanced cancer. (medicalxpress.com)
  • Standard treatments for larynx cancer are radiation therapy, chemotherapy, and/or surgery, often in combination. (mountsinai.org)
  • Because cancers of the larynx can come back or a new cancer can develop, you will need to be followed closely after treatment. (mountsinai.org)
  • Our larynx cancer specialists function as part of The Tisch Cancer Institute - a multi-disciplinary research and clinical care institution whose membership encompasses all Mount Sinai physicians and researchers whose work involves cancer. (mountsinai.org)
  • The Mount Sinai Health System has extensive experience treating diseases of the larynx, including larynx cancer. (mountsinai.org)
  • Cancer of the larynx can occur on the glottis (most laryngeal cancers are there), the supraglottis (the area above the vocal cords that includes the epiglottis), or the subglottis (the area that connects the larynx to the trachea). (medbroadcast.com)
  • Cancer of the larynx affects more men then women, although more women are developing it today due to an increase in smoking in the female population. (medbroadcast.com)
  • More men than women are diagnosed with cancer of the larynx. (medbroadcast.com)
  • The symptoms of laryngeal cancer depend on where in the larynx the tumour is located. (medbroadcast.com)
  • Auris Nasus Larynx. (springer.com)
  • The international journal Auris Nasus Larynx provides the opportunity for rapid, carefully reviewed publications concerning the fundamental and clinical aspects of otorhinolaryngology and related fields. (elsevier.com)
  • Reviews on recent developments are invited regularly and Letters to the Editor commenting on papers or any aspect of Auris Nasus Larynx are welcomed. (elsevier.com)
  • Founded in 1973 and previously published by the Society for Promotion of International Otorhinolaryngology, the journal is now the official English-language journal of the Oto-Rhino-Laryngological Society of Japan, Inc. The aim of its new international Editorial Board is to make Auris Nasus Larynx an international forum for high quality research and clinical sciences. (elsevier.com)
  • During swallowing, the pharynx and larynx rise. (wikipedia.org)
  • When you swallow this material, it passes through your mouth and down through parts of your throat called the pharynx and larynx. (hopkinsmedicine.org)
  • When you breathe, air passes through your pharynx and larynx, too. (hopkinsmedicine.org)
  • Combined, these cancers make up mouth, pharynx and larynx (MPL) cancers, and there were over 750,000 new cases of these in 2018. (wcrf.org)
  • After the food passes into the esophagus (food tube), the larynx relaxes and resumes its natural position. (britannica.com)
  • If the larynx is removed, the esophagus can function as the source for sound, but the control of pitch and volume is lacking. (britannica.com)
  • In the process of swallowing, the larynx plays an important role in the direction of food into the esophagus. (innerbody.com)
  • This fusion occurs in the caudal-to-cranial direction, and incomplete fusion results in development of persistent communication between the larynx or trachea and the esophagus. (medscape.com)
  • Larynx-lifting exercises may help you keep your food moving normally down through the pharynx and into the esophagus. (hopkinsmedicine.org)
  • It's a drastic choice: Surgeons remove the larynx and separate the airway from the mouth, nose and esophagus so patients can breathe through an opening in their neck by way of a tube. (fiercebiotech.com)
  • The larynx houses the vocal folds , and is situated just below where the tract of the pharynx splits into the trachea and the esophagus Image File history File linksMetadata Larynx_endo_2. (statemaster.com)
  • The pharynx (plural: pharynges) is the part of the neck and throat situated immediately posterior to the mouth and nasal cavity, and cranial, or superior, to the esophagus, larynx, and trachea. (statemaster.com)
  • Whenever you swallow, the epiglottis flops down over the top of your larynx, like the lid of a garbage can, and diverts food or fluids into your esophagus, which lies directly behind your larynx. (study.com)
  • The surgical team announced today that they replaced the larynx (voicebox), thyroid gland and trachea (windpipe) in a 52-year-old woman who had lost her ability to speak and breathe on her own. (ucl.ac.uk)
  • The human larynx extends from the trachea , or windpipe. (factmonster.com)
  • The larynx (voice box) is the upper end of the trachea (windpipe) that contains the vocal cords. (greenfacts.org)
  • The larynx joins the windpipe (trachea) to the pharynx. (medic8.com)
  • The larynx is the person's voice box located just below the pharynx or throat and at the top of the windpipe or trachea in the neck area. (hubpages.com)
  • The pharynx (or throat) is the muscular cavity leading from the nose and mouth to the larynx, a muscular structure at the upper area of the windpipe, which includes the vocal cords. (wcrf.org)
  • The epiglottis , at the upper part of the larynx, is a flaplike projection into the throat . (britannica.com)
  • As food is swallowed , the whole larynx structure rises to the epiglottis so that the passageway to the respiratory tract is blocked. (britannica.com)
  • Above them, at the opening of the larynx into the throat, hangs the epiglottis, a flap of cartilage that helps to seal off the lower respiratory tract during swallowing so that food and other foreign elements do not enter it. (factmonster.com)
  • The cavity of the larynx extends from its triangle-shaped inlet, to the epiglottis, and to the circular outlet at the lower border of the cricoid cartilage, where it is continuous with the lumen of the trachea. (wikipedia.org)
  • The larynx extends vertically from the tip of the epiglottis to the inferior border of the cricoid cartilage. (wikipedia.org)
  • elevation of the larynx causes the epiglottis to move down and form a lid over the glottis, closing it off. (wikipedia.org)
  • The most superior region of the larynx is the epiglottis, a leaf-shaped flap of elastic cartilage covered with epithelium. (innerbody.com)
  • Inferior to the epiglottis is the glottis region of the larynx, which contains the vocal folds. (innerbody.com)
  • The epiglottis normally resides in an upright position just anterior to the lumen of the larynx. (innerbody.com)
  • When food or liquid in the mouth is swallowed, the food pushes the epiglottis posteriorly, flipping its free edge over to cover the glottis and block the swallowed substances from entering the larynx. (innerbody.com)
  • When swallowing , the backward motion of the tongue forces part of the larynx called the epiglottis to cover up the opening to the larynx, also called the laryngeal opening. (wikipedia.org)
  • The epiglottis is a leaf-shaped structure that projects upward behind the root of the tongue, in front of the entrance to the larynx. (visiblebody.com)
  • When you swallow, the aryepiglottic and thyroepiglottic muscles pull down the epiglottis to close the entry to the larynx, preventing anything from entering the trachea. (visiblebody.com)
  • The mass is extending into the inferior aspect of the epiglottis, soft tissue of the larynx and into right endolaryngeal space (Figure 2). (appliedradiology.com)
  • The epiglottis is a small flap of cartilage found at the top of the larynx. (medbroadcast.com)
  • The other single cartilage in your larynx, the epiglottis, serves as a protective cover for the entire larynx. (study.com)
  • When you swallow and the epiglottis folds downward, the cuneiforms wedge against the epiglottis to help stabilize the 'lid' over your larynx and form a tighter seal. (study.com)
  • The larynx is composed of an external skeleton of cartilage plates that prevents collapse of the structure. (britannica.com)
  • Cricoid cartilage: A ring of hyaline cartilage that forms the inferior wall of the larynx. (wikipedia.org)
  • cartilage of the larynx, the thyroid cartilage, is made of two plates fused anteriorly in the midline. (britannica.com)
  • The larynx is a short, epithelium-lined tube formed by nine pieces of cartilage and several ligaments that bind them together. (innerbody.com)
  • The largest cartilage in the larynx, the thyroid cartilage, supports the glottis. (innerbody.com)
  • The cricoid cartilage is the most inferior structure of the larynx and forms the transition between the larynx and the trachea. (innerbody.com)
  • Laryngofissure refers to the operation of opening the larynx by a median line incision through the thyroid cartilage. (ebscohost.com)
  • An example of the larynx is the combination of muscle and cartilage which is used for speech. (yourdictionary.com)
  • The walls of the larynx are made of cartilage. (yourdictionary.com)
  • The larynx is the top part of the throat which contains the vocal cords, muscles, tissues and cartilage. (medic8.com)
  • The soft, immature cartilage of the upper larynx collapses inward during inhalation, causing the airway to be (partly) blocked. (wikipedia.org)
  • T4: Invasion through thyroid cartilage and/or extension to tissues beyond larynx. (ucsd.edu)
  • This appearance distinguishes GCTL from tumors that invade the thyroid cartilage from outside, such as lymphoma, metastasis, squamous cell carcinoma of the larynx, or thyroid cancers. (appliedradiology.com)
  • The largest cartilage in your larynx is the thyroid cartilage. (study.com)
  • The other ends of the vocal cords are firmly attached to the inner surface of the thyroid cartilage, whose arms form the front wall of your larynx and encircle the top portion of the cricoid cartilage, your vocal cords, and the arytenoids. (study.com)
  • The larynx is also called the voicebox. (macmillan.org.uk)
  • The larynx (plural larynges ), colloquially known as the voicebox , is an organ in the neck of mammals involved in protection of the trachea and sound production. (statemaster.com)
  • Historical artwork of the techniques used in laryngotomy, surgery on the larynx (voicebox). (sciencephoto.com)
  • Due to its participation in phonation, your larynx is also called your 'voicebox. (study.com)
  • Surgery to remove part or the entire larynx is called a partial or total laryngectomy. (ucsfhealth.org)
  • Treatment that involves removing the entire larynx makes normal speech impossible. (medbroadcast.com)
  • ProTip, a French medical device company, disclosed that its artificial larynx has been successfully implanted into a human patient. (fiercebiotech.com)
  • Much more research must be done both to test the viability of ProTip's artificial larynx and to perfect the surgical procedure used for the implant. (fiercebiotech.com)
  • The European project 'Artificial larynx' aims at realization of ail implantable artificial larynx to eliminate the main drawbacks of the present rehabilitation. (rug.nl)
  • a tissue connector to connect the artificial larynx to the trachea. (rug.nl)
  • The larynx is an incredibly complex organ, with intricate nerves and muscles functioning to provide voice and allow breathing. (ucl.ac.uk)
  • This patient had a stoma just above the larynx and the internal laryngeal muscles presented themselves directly. (nature.com)
  • The triangle-shaped larynx consists largely of cartilages that are attached to one another, and to surrounding structures, by muscles or by fibrous and elastic tissue components. (wikipedia.org)
  • The muscles of the larynx are divided into intrinsic and extrinsic muscles. (wikipedia.org)
  • the intrinsic muscles are confined entirely within the larynx and have their origin and insertion there. (wikipedia.org)
  • By day 40, the larynx and its cartilages and the intrinsic muscles are clearly evident. (medscape.com)
  • This is a rare neurologic condition of the larynx that involves the involuntary muscle contraction (tightening) of specific muscles within the vocal cords or larynx. (clevelandclinic.org)
  • The exercises may help you increase the strength and mobility of the muscles of your larynx (voice box) over time. (hopkinsmedicine.org)
  • If so, you may benefit from working the muscles in your larynx. (hopkinsmedicine.org)
  • The intrinsic muscles of the larynx function to move the vocal cartilages and control tension. (visiblebody.com)
  • Larynx - antero-lateral view, with external muscles of larynx visible. (wikipedia.org)
  • The skeleton of your larynx is composed of nine cartilages that are joined together and supported by a series of ligaments, muscles and membranes. (study.com)
  • It seems, however, that the role of an actively transcribed HPV infection in neuroendocrine carcinomas, in particular poorly differentiated carcinomas, of the larynx is unlikely. (medscape.com)
  • Carcinomas of the larynx and hypopharynx present unique challenges when it comes to their assessment and management. (springer.com)
  • In larynx carcinomas, the AChE activity decreased to 0.157 ± 0.024 mU/mg (p=0.009). (nih.gov)
  • Both sites represent large folds in the mucous membrane lining the larynx. (britannica.com)
  • The mucous membrane lining the larynx forms two pairs of lateral folds that jut inward into its cavity. (wikipedia.org)
  • The word larynx (plural larynges) comes from a similar Ancient Greek word (λάρυγξ lárynx). (wikipedia.org)
  • The larynx (plural larynges ), also known as the voice box , is an organ in the neck of humans and animals. (wikipedia.org)
  • The larynx (plural larynges ), commonly called the voice box , is an organ in the neck of amphibians, reptiles (incl. (phys.org)
  • noun Plural form of larynx . (wordnik.com)
  • It is not clear yet whether they also are able to prevent throat or larynx cancers. (medlineplus.gov)
  • You may also have numbing medicine sprayed into your nose, throat, and larynx. (medlineplus.gov)
  • RAHIM YAR KHAN: The Department of Ear, Nose and Throat (ENT) of the Shaikh Zayed Medical College Hospital (SZMCH) on Friday conducted the first successful surgery of larynx (Layngectomy). (dawn.com)
  • Your GP will examine your throat (and larynx) as well as asking you about your medical history. (medic8.com)
  • Nasendoscopy is very similar to endoscopy in that you have a slim tube passed up your nose and down into your throat to enable a close examination of your larynx. (medic8.com)
  • Find out more about the larynx in our throat anatomy section. (medic8.com)
  • If you experience chronic (long term) laryngitis, difficulty swallowing or throat pain your consultant may recommend a larynx diagnostic endoscopy. (nuffieldhealth.com)
  • The larynx, the organ of the voice and other functions, is located in the upper part of the trachea and is surrounded by the hypopharynx (the lower part of the throat, where food passes). (ieo.it)
  • This lesson will outline the basic anatomy of your larynx, a structure in your throat that connects your upper and lower respiratory tracts and allows you to talk and sing. (study.com)
  • Your larynx is a very specialized and complex organ that lies at the base of your throat. (study.com)
  • Excessive cuff pressure will block capillary circulation of the underlying mucosa of larynx and trachea and may lead to tracheal damage, vocal fold dysfunction from recurrent laryngeal nerve injury, and sore throat after surgery. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • larynx lâr´ĭngks [ key ] , organ of voice in mammals. (factmonster.com)
  • The larynx (/ˈlærɪŋks/), commonly called the voice box, is an organ in the top of the neck involved in breathing, producing sound and protecting the trachea against food aspiration. (wikipedia.org)
  • Larynx refers the musculocartilaginous organ at the upper end of the trachea, below the root of the tongue, lined with ciliated mucous membrane that is part of the airway and the vocal apparatus. (ebscohost.com)
  • From there, the team created a 3D printed reproduction of his vocal track, and coupled it to an electronic larynx called the vocal tract organ . (engadget.com)
  • Mayo Clinic has established the first program for larynx and trachea transplant approved by the United Network for Organ Sharing. (mayoclinic.org)
  • Sitting beneath the mucous membrane of the larynx are the vocal ligaments. (visiblebody.com)
  • The larynx has multiple functions, including the voice production, cough , and airway protection, and it also acts as a conduit for breathing. (medscape.com)
  • Any etiology resulting in chondronecrosis of the larynx may cause instability and subsequent airway limitation and possible obstruction. (medscape.com)
  • An irritable larynx is common in patients with CC and indicates upper airway involvement, whether from rhinitis/sinusitis, gastric reflux, or idiopathic sensory neuropathy. (nih.gov)
  • The Larynx and Trachea Transplant Program is a national and international referral center for complex airway reconstruction procedures. (mayoclinic.org)
  • That quote comes from Dr. Jerome Thompson, an otolaryngologist who led the team that pulled off a world first at Memphis' Le Bonheur Children's Hospital: successfully giving Cooper Kilburn an airway, larynx, and the chance to speak for the first time. (newser.com)
  • If treatment involves total removal of the larynx, a tracheostomy (surgery to create an artificial airway in the trachea) is then performed to improve breathing. (medbroadcast.com)
  • In one approach, the surgery is done by reaching down through the mouth to the larynx and removing a portion of the vocal folds with a biopsy punch or scissor. (vetinfo.com)
  • Most cancers of the larynx are squamous cell carcinoma. (macmillan.org.uk)
  • Many cancers of the larynx, which is part of the respiratory tract, begin in the vocal cords. (ucsfhealth.org)
  • Treatment options for the advanced stage have been very limited for patients with tumors of the head and neck, i.e. in the mouth, the pharynx or the larynx: If recurrences or metastases occur during or after platinum-based chemotherapy, the disease is generally considered incurable. (news-medical.net)
  • In adult humans, the larynx is found in the anterior neck at the level of the C3-C6 cervical vertebrae. (wikipedia.org)
  • The larynx is a tough, flexible segment of the respiratory tract connecting the pharynx to the trachea in the neck. (innerbody.com)
  • At birth, the larynx is located high in the neck between the C1 and C4 vertebrae, allowing concurrent breathing or vocalization and deglutition. (medscape.com)
  • The larynx is a segment of the respiratory tract located in the neck. (mayoclinic.org)
  • Larynx and trachea transplants are performed in the Department of Otolaryngology ( ENT )/Head and Neck Surgery by doctors with specific interests and advanced training in reconstructive surgical care of people with serious conditions of the larynx and trachea. (mayoclinic.org)
  • Your voice box (larynx) sits in the front of your neck. (clevelandclinic.org)
  • The patient underwent right-neck fine needle biopsy and aspiration with the cytopathology report of a giant cell tumor of the larynx. (appliedradiology.com)
  • There are nine cartilages, three unpaired and three paired (3 pairs=6), that support the mammalian larynx and form its skeleton. (wikipedia.org)
  • By the end of the embryonic phase, the larynx is clearly identifiable with its intrinsic musculature, innervation, blood supply, and cartilages. (medscape.com)
  • The more important cartilages of the larynx from behind. (usf.edu)
  • This has exposed the interior of the larynx, the arytenoid cartilages, the ventricular bands, and the vocal cords. (sciencephoto.com)
  • Through movements of its cartilages, your larynx changes the tension of your vocal cords and the width of the opening between them, thereby varying the pitch of the sounds you produce. (study.com)
  • Exploded view of the cartilages of the larynx as seen from behind. (study.com)
  • The other six cartilages of your larynx - two arytenoids, two cuneiforms, and two corniculates - are involved in suspending, moving, and protecting your vocal cords. (study.com)
  • Acute laryngitis is the sudden inflammation and swelling of the larynx. (wikipedia.org)
  • air passes through the larynx on its way to the lungs. (britannica.com)
  • During speech, the cords are stretched across the larynx air released from the lungs is forced between the cords, causing them to vibrate and so produce voice. (factmonster.com)
  • The larynx allows air you breathe to reach your lungs. (macmillan.org.uk)
  • Sound is produced by air passing through the larynx on the way to the lungs, causing the walls of the larynx to vibrate. (yourdictionary.com)
  • If the larynx is irritated by something that is swallowed, a strong cough reflex is used to protect the lungs. (wikipedia.org)
  • This is a chronic (long-lasting) viral infection in which benign, wart-like tumors grow inside the larynx or vocal cords, or the respiratory tract leading from the nose into the lungs. (clevelandclinic.org)
  • Stimulation of the larynx by ingested matter produces a strong cough reflex to protect the lungs. (statemaster.com)
  • Tobacco use - Smoke from tobacco passes over the larynx on its way to the lungs, which is a source of irritation. (tgh.org)
  • The larynx has three main functions: creating the voice by vibration of the vocal cords, preventing the entry of food into the lungs when swallowing via the sphincter and allowing air to pass into the lungs when breathing. (ieo.it)
  • Within twenty-five years, so many of the women would be dead, their lungs, larynxes , and hearts giving out one by one. (wordnik.com)
  • The larynx is also the body's "voice box" as it contains the vocal folds that produce the sounds of speech and singing. (innerbody.com)
  • The definition of larynx is the structure at the upper part of the human trachea that contains the vocal cords or a similar structure in other creatures. (yourdictionary.com)
  • The larynx contains the vocal cords ( glottis ), which vibrate when air passes through. (medbroadcast.com)
  • At Mount Sinai, our goal is to preserve the larynx whenever possible. (mountsinai.org)
  • The larynx also produces vocal sounds and prevents the passage of food and other foreign particles into the lower respiratory tracts. (britannica.com)
  • The very middle portion of the cavity between the vestibular and vocal folds is the ventricle of the larynx, or laryngeal ventricle. (wikipedia.org)
  • Supraglottic larynx (vestibule) above the laryngeal ventricle. (ucsd.edu)
  • Commonly known as the voice box, the larynx is a tubular chamber about 2 in. (factmonster.com)
  • Since men's larynges are usually larger than women's, male vocal cords tend to be longer and the male voice is thus deeper. (factmonster.com)
  • BTX injections are used to treat other problems in the voice box (larynx). (medlineplus.gov)
  • Pathological processes involving any part of the LARYNX which coordinates many functions such as voice production, breathing, swallowing, and coughing. (fpnotebook.com)
  • The larynx makes the voice . (wikipedia.org)
  • First off, the researchers said that Nesyamun would have had a higher pitched voice than the average modern man, based on the dimensions of his vocal tract and larynx. (engadget.com)
  • Mayo Clinic has developed a 3D model of a larynx, which makes it possible to restore function in people who have lost their voice box. (mayoclinic.org)
  • Mayo Clinic launched a first-of-its-kind transplant program aimed at restoring function for people with an injured or damaged voice box (larynx). (mayoclinic.org)
  • THE image of Ronaldo Martinez, a smoker who had his larynx removed and speaks through an artificial voice box, was scary enough to prompt thousands of New Yorkers to quit cigarettes last year. (nytimes.com)
  • Laryngology is a branch of medicine that deals with illnesses and injuries of the larynx (often called the voice box). (clevelandclinic.org)
  • When you have an issue with your larynx - often called the voice box - you might be referred to a laryngologist. (clevelandclinic.org)
  • The larynx is another name for the voice box. (royalmarsden.nhs.uk)
  • Surgery to remove part of the larynx (voice box). (mountsinai.org)
  • Just as some people hear Doc Orpheus when they read Doc Srange, so, in my mind, does reading this review sear the voice of Phantom Limb onto the larynxes of the Monitors. (wordnik.com)
  • Implanted in the access node at the base of my skull, the Voice/Mind Integrator intercepted the signals sent from our brains to our artificial larynxes , digitized them into a robotic monotone before we could make a sound, and sent them out to anyone within a three-mile radius, as long as they were tuned into the right frequency. (wordnik.com)
  • The larynx, also called the voice box or Adam's apple, is the part of the body that allows humans to produce sounds and speech. (medbroadcast.com)
  • A laryngoscope has been placed in the patient's mouth to allow access to the larynx (voice box). (sciencephoto.com)
  • The larynx houses the vocal folds, and manipulates pitch and volume, which is essential for phonation. (wikipedia.org)
  • The larynx houses the vocal folds (commonly but improperly termed the "vocal cords"), which are essential for phonation. (phys.org)
  • Investigation of phonation using excised larynxes. (mit.edu)
  • The DeLOS II trial is a multicenter randomised phase II trial investigating a TP/5-Fluorouracil (TPF)-chemotherapy with or without cetuximab for Patients with only by laryngectomy operable carcinoma of the larynx/hypopharynx. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • The risk of sarcoma after radiotherapy for squamous cell carcinoma in the larynx is very low when considering the frequent use of radiotherapy, but long follow-ups are required. (springer.com)
  • Small tumours in the larynx may be successfully treated with radiotherapy alone. (royalmarsden.nhs.uk)
  • Chondronecrosis of the larynx is a rare complication encountered in otolaryngology. (medscape.com)
  • The volume shows the morphogenesis and differentiation of the human larynx during the fetal period. (livrariacultura.com.br)
  • Doctors began the process in June 2012, removing the patient's larynx and implanting a tracheal ring made of titanium to become incorporated into the surrounding tissue over time. (fiercebiotech.com)
  • Close-up of a surgical tool being used during an operation on a patient's larynx. (sciencephoto.com)
  • Endoscopy - a test where an endoscope is inserted into the skin through a cut or an opening such as the mouth to examine the larynx. (hubpages.com)
  • What happens during a larynx diagnostic endoscopy? (nuffieldhealth.com)
  • A diagnostic endoscopy of the larynx takes between 15-20 minutes. (nuffieldhealth.com)
  • After taking an endoscopy, doctors discovered a leech in the lower part of the larynx and they picked the leech off the boy's larynx. (vietnamnet.vn)
  • Blitzer A, Sadoughi B, Guardiani E. Neurologic disorders of the larynx. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Malignant tumors of the larynx. (medlineplus.gov)
  • A few cases of malignant fibrous histiocytoma (MFH) of the larynx have been reported to date. (springer.com)
  • The most common squamous carcinoma variants in the larynx are covered: spindle cell variant, papillary variant and verrucous carcinoma. (springer.com)
  • Stenner M, Müller KM, Koopmann M, Rudack C. Squamous cell carcinoma of the larynx arising in multifocal pharyngolaryngeal oncocytic papillary cystadenoma: a case report and review of the literature. (springer.com)
  • Radiation therapy for squamous cell carcinoma of the larynx has become increasingly safe and effective over the last 50 years. (medscape.com)
  • Unbalanced acetylcholinesterase activity in larynx squamous cell carcinoma. (nih.gov)
  • Fifty paired pieces of larynx squamous cell carcinoma and adjacent non-cancerous tissue were compared in terms of their acetylcholinesterase activity (AChE). (nih.gov)
  • Our results suggest that the low AChE activity observed in larynx squamous cell carcinoma may be useful for predicting the outcome of patients. (nih.gov)
  • Squamous cell carcinoma of the larynx starts in the flat, thin cells found in the epithelium or inner layer lining the larynx. (cancer.ca)
  • According to a press release of the SZMCH, patient Muhammad Khan visited the Carcinoma Larynx Department a few weeks ago. (dawn.com)
  • A cancerous tumour of the larynx can grow into and destroy nearby tissue. (cancer.ca)
  • If an attempt is made to remove the entire vocal fold using this approach there is sometimes stenosis (blockage) of the larynx from scar tissue and it is possible that this condition may be occurring and leading to the reluctance of your poodle to vocalize at all. (vetinfo.com)
  • Giant cell tumors of the larynx (GCTL) are extremely rare benign tumors arising in the osteocartilaginous tissue of the larynx. (appliedradiology.com)
  • Pathologic analysis of the surgical specimen confirms the diagnosis of a giant cell tumor of the larynx with regional lymphovascular invasion. (appliedradiology.com)
  • The bases of the arytenoids rest upon the top rim of the cricoid at the back of your larynx. (study.com)
  • Continuous development of the larynx characterizes the fetal period. (medscape.com)
  • These are 3D models of the larynx of an alligator ( Alligator mississippiensis ) and the syrinx of a muscovy duck ( Cairina moschata ). (eurekalert.org)
  • These images are a random sampling from a Bing search on the term "Larynx Anatomy. (fpnotebook.com)