Breeding: The production of offspring by selective mating or HYBRIDIZATION, GENETIC in animals or plants.Plant Root Cap: A cone-shaped structure in plants made up of a mass of meristematic cells that covers and protects the tip of a growing root. It is the putative site of gravity sensing in plant roots.Gravitropism: The directional growth of organisms in response to gravity. In plants, the main root is positively gravitropic (growing downwards) and a main stem is negatively gravitropic (growing upwards), irrespective of the positions in which they are placed. Plant gravitropism is thought to be controlled by auxin (AUXINS), a plant growth substance. (From Concise Dictionary of Biology, 1990)Peer Review, Research: The evaluation by experts of the quality and pertinence of research or research proposals of other experts in the same field. Peer review is used by editors in deciding which submissions warrant publication, by granting agencies to determine which proposals should be funded, and by academic institutions in tenure decisions.Cattle: Domesticated bovine animals of the genus Bos, usually kept on a farm or ranch and used for the production of meat or dairy products or for heavy labor.Treatment Outcome: Evaluation undertaken to assess the results or consequences of management and procedures used in combating disease in order to determine the efficacy, effectiveness, safety, and practicability of these interventions in individual cases or series.Meat: The edible portions of any animal used for food including domestic mammals (the major ones being cattle, swine, and sheep) along with poultry, fish, shellfish, and game.Time Factors: Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.Reproducibility of Results: The statistical reproducibility of measurements (often in a clinical context), including the testing of instrumentation or techniques to obtain reproducible results. The concept includes reproducibility of physiological measurements, which may be used to develop rules to assess probability or prognosis, or response to a stimulus; reproducibility of occurrence of a condition; and reproducibility of experimental results.Algorithms: A procedure consisting of a sequence of algebraic formulas and/or logical steps to calculate or determine a given task.Weight Gain: Increase in BODY WEIGHT over existing weight.Solanaceous Alkaloids: Alkaloids, mainly tropanes, elaborated by plants of the family Solanaceae, including Atropa, Hyoscyamus, Mandragora, Nicotiana, Solanum, etc. Some act as cholinergic antagonists; most are very toxic; many are used medicinally.Science: The study of natural phenomena by observation, measurement, and experimentation.Models, Genetic: Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of genetic processes or phenomena. They include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.United StatesSensitivity and Specificity: Binary classification measures to assess test results. Sensitivity or recall rate is the proportion of true positives. Specificity is the probability of correctly determining the absence of a condition. (From Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 2d ed)Animal Husbandry: The science of breeding, feeding and care of domestic animals; includes housing and nutrition.Genotype: The genetic constitution of the individual, comprising the ALLELES present at each GENETIC LOCUS.Pilot Projects: Small-scale tests of methods and procedures to be used on a larger scale if the pilot study demonstrates that these methods and procedures can work.Models, Statistical: Statistical formulations or analyses which, when applied to data and found to fit the data, are then used to verify the assumptions and parameters used in the analysis. Examples of statistical models are the linear model, binomial model, polynomial model, two-parameter model, etc.Inbreeding: The mating of plants or non-human animals which are closely related genetically.Evaluation Studies as Topic: Studies determining the effectiveness or value of processes, personnel, and equipment, or the material on conducting such studies. For drugs and devices, CLINICAL TRIALS AS TOPIC; DRUG EVALUATION; and DRUG EVALUATION, PRECLINICAL are available.Phenotype: The outward appearance of the individual. It is the product of interactions between genes, and between the GENOTYPE and the environment.Computer Simulation: Computer-based representation of physical systems and phenomena such as chemical processes.Risk Factors: An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.DNA, Ribosomal: DNA sequences encoding RIBOSOMAL RNA and the segments of DNA separating the individual ribosomal RNA genes, referred to as RIBOSOMAL SPACER DNA.Phylogeny: The relationships of groups of organisms as reflected by their genetic makeup.Body Composition: The relative amounts of various components in the body, such as percentage of body fat.RNA, Ribosomal, 16S: Constituent of 30S subunit prokaryotic ribosomes containing 1600 nucleotides and 21 proteins. 16S rRNA is involved in initiation of polypeptide synthesis.Animal Feed: Foodstuff used especially for domestic and laboratory animals, or livestock.Nocardia: A genus of gram-positive, aerobic bacteria whose species are widely distributed and are abundant in soil. Some strains are pathogenic opportunists for humans and animals.Research Design: A plan for collecting and utilizing data so that desired information can be obtained with sufficient precision or so that an hypothesis can be tested properly.Phantoms, Imaging: Devices or objects in various imaging techniques used to visualize or enhance visualization by simulating conditions encountered in the procedure. Phantoms are used very often in procedures employing or measuring x-irradiation or radioactive material to evaluate performance. Phantoms often have properties similar to human tissue. Water demonstrates absorbing properties similar to normal tissue, hence water-filled phantoms are used to map radiation levels. Phantoms are used also as teaching aids to simulate real conditions with x-ray or ultrasonic machines. (From Iturralde, Dictionary and Handbook of Nuclear Medicine and Clinical Imaging, 1990)Risk Assessment: The qualitative or quantitative estimation of the likelihood of adverse effects that may result from exposure to specified health hazards or from the absence of beneficial influences. (Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 1988)Sequence Analysis, DNA: A multistage process that includes cloning, physical mapping, subcloning, determination of the DNA SEQUENCE, and information analysis.Models, Biological: Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of biological processes or diseases. For disease models in living animals, DISEASE MODELS, ANIMAL is available. Biological models include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.Crosses, Genetic: Deliberate breeding of two different individuals that results in offspring that carry part of the genetic material of each parent. The parent organisms must be genetically compatible and may be from different varieties or closely related species.Follow-Up Studies: Studies in which individuals or populations are followed to assess the outcome of exposures, procedures, or effects of a characteristic, e.g., occurrence of disease.Data Interpretation, Statistical: Application of statistical procedures to analyze specific observed or assumed facts from a particular study.Journal Impact Factor: A quantitative measure of the frequency on average with which articles in a journal have been cited in a given period of time.Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic: Works about clinical trials that involve at least one test treatment and one control treatment, concurrent enrollment and follow-up of the test- and control-treated groups, and in which the treatments to be administered are selected by a random process, such as the use of a random-numbers table.Pregnancy: The status during which female mammals carry their developing young (EMBRYOS or FETUSES) in utero before birth, beginning from FERTILIZATION to BIRTH.Equipment Design: Methods of creating machines and devices.Swine: Any of various animals that constitute the family Suidae and comprise stout-bodied, short-legged omnivorous mammals with thick skin, usually covered with coarse bristles, a rather long mobile snout, and small tail. Included are the genera Babyrousa, Phacochoerus (wart hogs), and Sus, the latter containing the domestic pig (see SUS SCROFA).Weaning: Permanent deprivation of breast milk and commencement of nourishment with other food. (From Stedman, 25th ed)Prospective Studies: Observation of a population for a sufficient number of persons over a sufficient number of years to generate incidence or mortality rates subsequent to the selection of the study group.Molecular Sequence Data: Descriptions of specific amino acid, carbohydrate, or nucleotide sequences which have appeared in the published literature and/or are deposited in and maintained by databanks such as GENBANK, European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), National Biomedical Research Foundation (NBRF), or other sequence repositories.Clinical Medicine: The study and practice of medicine by direct examination of the patient.Dose-Response Relationship, Drug: The relationship between the dose of an administered drug and the response of the organism to the drug.Models, Theoretical: Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of systems, processes, or phenomena. They include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.Biomedical Research: Research that involves the application of the natural sciences, especially biology and physiology, to medicine.Retrospective Studies: Studies used to test etiologic hypotheses in which inferences about an exposure to putative causal factors are derived from data relating to characteristics of persons under study or to events or experiences in their past. The essential feature is that some of the persons under study have the disease or outcome of interest and their characteristics are compared with those of unaffected persons.Periodicals as Topic: A publication issued at stated, more or less regular, intervals.Nursing: The field of nursing care concerned with the promotion, maintenance, and restoration of health.Great BritainQuantitative Trait, Heritable: A characteristic showing quantitative inheritance such as SKIN PIGMENTATION in humans. (From A Dictionary of Genetics, 4th ed)Genes, rRNA: Genes, found in both prokaryotes and eukaryotes, which are transcribed to produce the RNA which is incorporated into RIBOSOMES. Prokaryotic rRNA genes are usually found in OPERONS dispersed throughout the GENOME, whereas eukaryotic rRNA genes are clustered, multicistronic transcriptional units.Prognosis: A prediction of the probable outcome of a disease based on a individual's condition and the usual course of the disease as seen in similar situations.Actinomycetales: An order of gram-positive, primarily aerobic BACTERIA that tend to form branching filaments.Cohort Studies: Studies in which subsets of a defined population are identified. These groups may or may not be exposed to factors hypothesized to influence the probability of the occurrence of a particular disease or other outcome. Cohorts are defined populations which, as a whole, are followed in an attempt to determine distinguishing subgroup characteristics.Antineoplastic Agents: Substances that inhibit or prevent the proliferation of NEOPLASMS.Cyclohexanes: Six-carbon alicyclic hydrocarbons.Neoplasms: New abnormal growth of tissue. Malignant neoplasms show a greater degree of anaplasia and have the properties of invasion and metastasis, compared to benign neoplasms.Publishing: "The business or profession of the commercial production and issuance of literature" (Webster's 3d). It includes the publisher, publication processes, editing and editors. Production may be by conventional printing methods or by electronic publishing.Clinical Trials as Topic: Works about pre-planned studies of the safety, efficacy, or optimum dosage schedule (if appropriate) of one or more diagnostic, therapeutic, or prophylactic drugs, devices, or techniques selected according to predetermined criteria of eligibility and observed for predefined evidence of favorable and unfavorable effects. This concept includes clinical trials conducted both in the U.S. and in other countries.Case-Control Studies: Studies which start with the identification of persons with a disease of interest and a control (comparison, referent) group without the disease. The relationship of an attribute to the disease is examined by comparing diseased and non-diseased persons with regard to the frequency or levels of the attribute in each group.Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols: The use of two or more chemicals simultaneously or sequentially in the drug therapy of neoplasms. The drugs need not be in the same dosage form.Quality Control: A system for verifying and maintaining a desired level of quality in a product or process by careful planning, use of proper equipment, continued inspection, and corrective action as required. (Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)Questionnaires: Predetermined sets of questions used to collect data - clinical data, social status, occupational group, etc. The term is often applied to a self-completed survey instrument.Gravitation: Acceleration produced by the mutual attraction of two masses, and of magnitude inversely proportional to the square of the distance between the two centers of mass. It is also the force imparted by the earth, moon, or a planet to an object near its surface. (From NASA Thesaurus, 1988)Selection, Genetic: Differential and non-random reproduction of different genotypes, operating to alter the gene frequencies within a population.Writing: The act or practice of literary composition, the occupation of writer, or producing or engaging in literary work as a profession.Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide: A single nucleotide variation in a genetic sequence that occurs at appreciable frequency in the population.Food Technology: The application of knowledge to the food industry.Least-Squares Analysis: A principle of estimation in which the estimates of a set of parameters in a statistical model are those quantities minimizing the sum of squared differences between the observed values of a dependent variable and the values predicted by the model.Breast Neoplasms: Tumors or cancer of the human BREAST.Incidence: The number of new cases of a given disease during a given period in a specified population. It also is used for the rate at which new events occur in a defined population. It is differentiated from PREVALENCE, which refers to all cases, new or old, in the population at a given time.Cell Line, Tumor: A cell line derived from cultured tumor cells.Infant, Newborn: An infant during the first month after birth.Radionuclide Imaging: The production of an image obtained by cameras that detect the radioactive emissions of an injected radionuclide as it has distributed differentially throughout tissues in the body. The image obtained from a moving detector is called a scan, while the image obtained from a stationary camera device is called a scintiphotograph.Age Factors: Age as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or the effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from AGING, a physiological process, and TIME FACTORS which refers only to the passage of time.Linear Models: Statistical models in which the value of a parameter for a given value of a factor is assumed to be equal to a + bx, where a and b are constants. The models predict a linear regression.Body Weight: The mass or quantity of heaviness of an individual. It is expressed by units of pounds or kilograms.Fertility: The capacity to conceive or to induce conception. It may refer to either the male or female.Survival Analysis: A class of statistical procedures for estimating the survival function (function of time, starting with a population 100% well at a given time and providing the percentage of the population still well at later times). The survival analysis is then used for making inferences about the effects of treatments, prognostic factors, exposures, and other covariates on the function.Adipose Tissue: Specialized connective tissue composed of fat cells (ADIPOCYTES). It is the site of stored FATS, usually in the form of TRIGLYCERIDES. In mammals, there are two types of adipose tissue, the WHITE FAT and the BROWN FAT. Their relative distributions vary in different species with most adipose tissue being white.Recurrence: The return of a sign, symptom, or disease after a remission.Imaging, Three-Dimensional: The process of generating three-dimensional images by electronic, photographic, or other methods. For example, three-dimensional images can be generated by assembling multiple tomographic images with the aid of a computer, while photographic 3-D images (HOLOGRAPHY) can be made by exposing film to the interference pattern created when two laser light sources shine on an object.Analysis of Variance: A statistical technique that isolates and assesses the contributions of categorical independent variables to variation in the mean of a continuous dependent variable.Photons: Discrete concentrations of energy, apparently massless elementary particles, that move at the speed of light. They are the unit or quantum of electromagnetic radiation. Photons are emitted when electrons move from one energy state to another. (From Hawley's Condensed Chemical Dictionary, 11th ed)Bayes Theorem: A theorem in probability theory named for Thomas Bayes (1702-1761). In epidemiology, it is used to obtain the probability of disease in a group of people with some characteristic on the basis of the overall rate of that disease and of the likelihood of that characteristic in healthy and diseased individuals. The most familiar application is in clinical decision analysis where it is used for estimating the probability of a particular diagnosis given the appearance of some symptoms or test result.Radiographic Image Interpretation, Computer-Assisted: Computer systems or networks designed to provide radiographic interpretive information.Bacterial Typing Techniques: Procedures for identifying types and strains of bacteria. The most frequently employed typing systems are BACTERIOPHAGE TYPING and SEROTYPING as well as bacteriocin typing and biotyping.Survival Rate: The proportion of survivors in a group, e.g., of patients, studied and followed over a period, or the proportion of persons in a specified group alive at the beginning of a time interval who survive to the end of the interval. It is often studied using life table methods.Soil Microbiology: The presence of bacteria, viruses, and fungi in the soil. This term is not restricted to pathogenic organisms.Feasibility Studies: Studies to determine the advantages or disadvantages, practicability, or capability of accomplishing a projected plan, study, or project.Software: Sequential operating programs and data which instruct the functioning of a digital computer.Plant Extracts: Concentrated pharmaceutical preparations of plants obtained by removing active constituents with a suitable solvent, which is evaporated away, and adjusting the residue to a prescribed standard.Statistics as Topic: The science and art of collecting, summarizing, and analyzing data that are subject to random variation. The term is also applied to the data themselves and to the summarization of the data.Zea mays: A plant species of the family POACEAE. It is a tall grass grown for its EDIBLE GRAIN, corn, used as food and animal FODDER.Evidence-Based Medicine: An approach of practicing medicine with the goal to improve and evaluate patient care. It requires the judicious integration of best research evidence with the patient's values to make decisions about medical care. This method is to help physicians make proper diagnosis, devise best testing plan, choose best treatment and methods of disease prevention, as well as develop guidelines for large groups of patients with the same disease. (from JAMA 296 (9), 2006)Species Specificity: The restriction of a characteristic behavior, anatomical structure or physical system, such as immune response; metabolic response, or gene or gene variant to the members of one species. It refers to that property which differentiates one species from another but it is also used for phylogenetic levels higher or lower than the species.History, 20th Century: Time period from 1901 through 2000 of the common era.EnglandGenetic Variation: Genotypic differences observed among individuals in a population.Genetic Markers: A phenotypically recognizable genetic trait which can be used to identify a genetic locus, a linkage group, or a recombination event.Likelihood Functions: Functions constructed from a statistical model and a set of observed data which give the probability of that data for various values of the unknown model parameters. Those parameter values that maximize the probability are the maximum likelihood estimates of the parameters.Magnetic Resonance Imaging: Non-invasive method of demonstrating internal anatomy based on the principle that atomic nuclei in a strong magnetic field absorb pulses of radiofrequency energy and emit them as radiowaves which can be reconstructed into computerized images. The concept includes proton spin tomographic techniques.Predictive Value of Tests: In screening and diagnostic tests, the probability that a person with a positive test is a true positive (i.e., has the disease), is referred to as the predictive value of a positive test; whereas, the predictive value of a negative test is the probability that the person with a negative test does not have the disease. Predictive value is related to the sensitivity and specificity of the test.Image Processing, Computer-Assisted: A technique of inputting two-dimensional images into a computer and then enhancing or analyzing the imagery into a form that is more useful to the human observer.Radiographic Image Enhancement: Improvement in the quality of an x-ray image by use of an intensifying screen, tube, or filter and by optimum exposure techniques. Digital processing methods are often employed.Cluster Analysis: A set of statistical methods used to group variables or observations into strongly inter-related subgroups. In epidemiology, it may be used to analyze a closely grouped series of events or cases of disease or other health-related phenomenon with well-defined distribution patterns in relation to time or place or both.History, 19th Century: Time period from 1801 through 1900 of the common era.Diet: Regular course of eating and drinking adopted by a person or animal.Normal Distribution: Continuous frequency distribution of infinite range. Its properties are as follows: 1, continuous, symmetrical distribution with both tails extending to infinity; 2, arithmetic mean, mode, and median identical; and 3, shape completely determined by the mean and standard deviation.Probability: The study of chance processes or the relative frequency characterizing a chance process.DNA, Bacterial: Deoxyribonucleic acid that makes up the genetic material of bacteria.HIV Infections: Includes the spectrum of human immunodeficiency virus infections that range from asymptomatic seropositivity, thru AIDS-related complex (ARC), to acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS).Reference Standards: A basis of value established for the measure of quantity, weight, extent or quality, e.g. weight standards, standard solutions, methods, techniques, and procedures used in diagnosis and therapy.Animal Nutritional Physiological Phenomena: Nutritional physiology of animals.Tomography, X-Ray Computed: Tomography using x-ray transmission and a computer algorithm to reconstruct the image.Bibliometrics: The use of statistical methods in the analysis of a body of literature to reveal the historical development of subject fields and patterns of authorship, publication, and use. Formerly called statistical bibliography. (from The ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983)Gentian Violet: A dye that is a mixture of violet rosanilinis with antibacterial, antifungal, and anthelmintic properties.Gene Expression Profiling: The determination of the pattern of genes expressed at the level of GENETIC TRANSCRIPTION, under specific circumstances or in a specific cell.Disease Models, Animal: Naturally occurring or experimentally induced animal diseases with pathological processes sufficiently similar to those of human diseases. They are used as study models for human diseases.Information Storage and Retrieval: Organized activities related to the storage, location, search, and retrieval of information.Postoperative Complications: Pathologic processes that affect patients after a surgical procedure. They may or may not be related to the disease for which the surgery was done, and they may or may not be direct results of the surgery.Patient Selection: Criteria and standards used for the determination of the appropriateness of the inclusion of patients with specific conditions in proposed treatment plans and the criteria used for the inclusion of subjects in various clinical trials and other research protocols.Safety: Freedom from exposure to danger and protection from the occurrence or risk of injury or loss. It suggests optimal precautions in the workplace, on the street, in the home, etc., and includes personal safety as well as the safety of property.Biological Markers: Measurable and quantifiable biological parameters (e.g., specific enzyme concentration, specific hormone concentration, specific gene phenotype distribution in a population, presence of biological substances) which serve as indices for health- and physiology-related assessments, such as disease risk, psychiatric disorders, environmental exposure and its effects, disease diagnosis, metabolic processes, substance abuse, pregnancy, cell line development, epidemiologic studies, etc.Drug Administration Schedule: Time schedule for administration of a drug in order to achieve optimum effectiveness and convenience.Quantitative Trait Loci: Genetic loci associated with a QUANTITATIVE TRAIT.Combined Modality Therapy: The treatment of a disease or condition by several different means simultaneously or sequentially. Chemoimmunotherapy, RADIOIMMUNOTHERAPY, chemoradiotherapy, cryochemotherapy, and SALVAGE THERAPY are seen most frequently, but their combinations with each other and surgery are also used.Monte Carlo Method: In statistics, a technique for numerically approximating the solution of a mathematical problem by studying the distribution of some random variable, often generated by a computer. The name alludes to the randomness characteristic of the games of chance played at the gambling casinos in Monte Carlo. (From Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed, 1993)Ecology: The branch of science concerned with the interrelationship of organisms and their ENVIRONMENT, especially as manifested by natural cycles and rhythms, community development and structure, interactions between different kinds of organisms, geographic distributions, and population alterations. (Webster's, 3d ed)Administration, Oral: The giving of drugs, chemicals, or other substances by mouth.Methods: A series of steps taken in order to conduct research.Eating: The consumption of edible substances.Guidelines as Topic: A systematic statement of policy rules or principles. Guidelines may be developed by government agencies at any level, institutions, professional societies, governing boards, or by convening expert panels. The text may be cursive or in outline form but is generally a comprehensive guide to problems and approaches in any field of activity. For guidelines in the field of health care and clinical medicine, PRACTICE GUIDELINES AS TOPIC is available.Laboratories: Facilities equipped to carry out investigative procedures.Computational Biology: A field of biology concerned with the development of techniques for the collection and manipulation of biological data, and the use of such data to make biological discoveries or predictions. This field encompasses all computational methods and theories for solving biological problems including manipulation of models and datasets.Multivariate Analysis: A set of techniques used when variation in several variables has to be studied simultaneously. In statistics, multivariate analysis is interpreted as any analytic method that allows simultaneous study of two or more dependent variables.Sheep: Any of the ruminant mammals with curved horns in the genus Ovis, family Bovidae. They possess lachrymal grooves and interdigital glands, which are absent in GOATS.Phytotherapy: Use of plants or herbs to treat diseases or to alleviate pain.Databases, Factual: Extensive collections, reputedly complete, of facts and data garnered from material of a specialized subject area and made available for analysis and application. The collection can be automated by various contemporary methods for retrieval. The concept should be differentiated from DATABASES, BIBLIOGRAPHIC which is restricted to collections of bibliographic references.Research Support as Topic: Financial support of research activities.Lung Neoplasms: Tumors or cancer of the LUNG.Environmental Monitoring: The monitoring of the level of toxins, chemical pollutants, microbial contaminants, or other harmful substances in the environment (soil, air, and water), workplace, or in the bodies of people and animals present in that environment.Observer Variation: The failure by the observer to measure or identify a phenomenon accurately, which results in an error. Sources for this may be due to the observer's missing an abnormality, or to faulty technique resulting in incorrect test measurement, or to misinterpretation of the data. Two varieties are inter-observer variation (the amount observers vary from one another when reporting on the same material) and intra-observer variation (the amount one observer varies between observations when reporting more than once on the same material).Litter Size: The number of offspring produced at one birth by a viviparous animal.Xenograft Model Antitumor Assays: In vivo methods of screening investigative anticancer drugs, biologic response modifiers or radiotherapies. Human tumor tissue or cells are transplanted into mice or rats followed by tumor treatment regimens. A variety of outcomes are monitored to assess antitumor effectiveness.Severity of Illness Index: Levels within a diagnostic group which are established by various measurement criteria applied to the seriousness of a patient's disorder.Sex Factors: Maleness or femaleness as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from SEX CHARACTERISTICS, anatomical or physiological manifestations of sex, and from SEX DISTRIBUTION, the number of males and females in given circumstances.Terminology as Topic: The terms, expressions, designations, or symbols used in a particular science, discipline, or specialized subject area.Calibration: Determination, by measurement or comparison with a standard, of the correct value of each scale reading on a meter or other measuring instrument; or determination of the settings of a control device that correspond to particular values of voltage, current, frequency or other output.Databases, Bibliographic: Extensive collections, reputedly complete, of references and citations to books, articles, publications, etc., generally on a single subject or specialized subject area. Databases can operate through automated files, libraries, or computer disks. The concept should be differentiated from DATABASES, FACTUAL which is used for collections of data and facts apart from bibliographic references to them.Inhibitory Concentration 50: The concentration of a compound needed to reduce population growth of organisms, including eukaryotic cells, by 50% in vitro. Though often expressed to denote in vitro antibacterial activity, it is also used as a benchmark for cytotoxicity to eukaryotic cells in culture.Research: Critical and exhaustive investigation or experimentation, having for its aim the discovery of new facts and their correct interpretation, the revision of accepted conclusions, theories, or laws in the light of newly discovered facts, or the practical application of such new or revised conclusions, theories, or laws. (Webster, 3d ed)Decision Making: The process of making a selective intellectual judgment when presented with several complex alternatives consisting of several variables, and usually defining a course of action or an idea.Poisson Distribution: A distribution function used to describe the occurrence of rare events or to describe the sampling distribution of isolated counts in a continuum of time or space.Genome: The genetic complement of an organism, including all of its GENES, as represented in its DNA, or in some cases, its RNA.Polymerase Chain Reaction: In vitro method for producing large amounts of specific DNA or RNA fragments of defined length and sequence from small amounts of short oligonucleotide flanking sequences (primers). The essential steps include thermal denaturation of the double-stranded target molecules, annealing of the primers to their complementary sequences, and extension of the annealed primers by enzymatic synthesis with DNA polymerase. The reaction is efficient, specific, and extremely sensitive. Uses for the reaction include disease diagnosis, detection of difficult-to-isolate pathogens, mutation analysis, genetic testing, DNA sequencing, and analyzing evolutionary relationships.Darkness: The absence of light.Health Policy: Decisions, usually developed by government policymakers, for determining present and future objectives pertaining to the health care system.IndiaOvarian Neoplasms: Tumors or cancer of the OVARY. These neoplasms can be benign or malignant. They are classified according to the tissue of origin, such as the surface EPITHELIUM, the stromal endocrine cells, and the totipotent GERM CELLS.Random Allocation: A process involving chance used in therapeutic trials or other research endeavor for allocating experimental subjects, human or animal, between treatment and control groups, or among treatment groups. It may also apply to experiments on inanimate objects.Confidence Intervals: A range of values for a variable of interest, e.g., a rate, constructed so that this range has a specified probability of including the true value of the variable.Logistic Models: Statistical models which describe the relationship between a qualitative dependent variable (that is, one which can take only certain discrete values, such as the presence or absence of a disease) and an independent variable. A common application is in epidemiology for estimating an individual's risk (probability of a disease) as a function of a given risk factor.Environment: The external elements and conditions which surround, influence, and affect the life and development of an organism or population.Data Collection: Systematic gathering of data for a particular purpose from various sources, including questionnaires, interviews, observation, existing records, and electronic devices. The process is usually preliminary to statistical analysis of the data.Risk: The probability that an event will occur. It encompasses a variety of measures of the probability of a generally unfavorable outcome.Ethics, Medical: The principles of professional conduct concerning the rights and duties of the physician, relations with patients and fellow practitioners, as well as actions of the physician in patient care and interpersonal relations with patient families.Quality of Life: A generic concept reflecting concern with the modification and enhancement of life attributes, e.g., physical, political, moral and social environment; the overall condition of a human life.Nucleic Acid Hybridization: Widely used technique which exploits the ability of complementary sequences in single-stranded DNAs or RNAs to pair with each other to form a double helix. Hybridization can take place between two complimentary DNA sequences, between a single-stranded DNA and a complementary RNA, or between two RNA sequences. The technique is used to detect and isolate specific sequences, measure homology, or define other characteristics of one or both strands. (Kendrew, Encyclopedia of Molecular Biology, 1994, p503)Schizophrenia: A severe emotional disorder of psychotic depth characteristically marked by a retreat from reality with delusion formation, HALLUCINATIONS, emotional disharmony, and regressive behavior.Regression Analysis: Procedures for finding the mathematical function which best describes the relationship between a dependent variable and one or more independent variables. In linear regression (see LINEAR MODELS) the relationship is constrained to be a straight line and LEAST-SQUARES ANALYSIS is used to determine the best fit. In logistic regression (see LOGISTIC MODELS) the dependent variable is qualitative rather than continuously variable and LIKELIHOOD FUNCTIONS are used to find the best relationship. In multiple regression, the dependent variable is considered to depend on more than a single independent variable.Area Under Curve: A statistical means of summarizing information from a series of measurements on one individual. It is frequently used in clinical pharmacology where the AUC from serum levels can be interpreted as the total uptake of whatever has been administered. As a plot of the concentration of a drug against time, after a single dose of medicine, producing a standard shape curve, it is a means of comparing the bioavailability of the same drug made by different companies. (From Winslade, Dictionary of Clinical Research, 1992)Equipment Failure Analysis: The evaluation of incidents involving the loss of function of a device. These evaluations are used for a variety of purposes such as to determine the failure rates, the causes of failures, costs of failures, and the reliability and maintainability of devices.Statistics, Nonparametric: A class of statistical methods applicable to a large set of probability distributions used to test for correlation, location, independence, etc. In most nonparametric statistical tests, the original scores or observations are replaced by another variable containing less information. An important class of nonparametric tests employs the ordinal properties of the data. Another class of tests uses information about whether an observation is above or below some fixed value such as the median, and a third class is based on the frequency of the occurrence of runs in the data. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed, p1284; Corsini, Concise Encyclopedia of Psychology, 1987, p764-5)Neoplasm Staging: Methods which attempt to express in replicable terms the extent of the neoplasm in the patient.Plant Roots: The usually underground portions of a plant that serve as support, store food, and through which water and mineral nutrients enter the plant. (From American Heritage Dictionary, 1982; Concise Dictionary of Biology, 1990)Cross-Sectional Studies: Studies in which the presence or absence of disease or other health-related variables are determined in each member of the study population or in a representative sample at one particular time. This contrasts with LONGITUDINAL STUDIES which are followed over a period of time.Anti-Bacterial Agents: Substances that reduce the growth or reproduction of BACTERIA.Disease Progression: The worsening of a disease over time. This concept is most often used for chronic and incurable diseases where the stage of the disease is an important determinant of therapy and prognosis.RNA, Bacterial: Ribonucleic acid in bacteria having regulatory and catalytic roles as well as involvement in protein synthesis.Oligonucleotide Array Sequence Analysis: Hybridization of a nucleic acid sample to a very large set of OLIGONUCLEOTIDE PROBES, which have been attached individually in columns and rows to a solid support, to determine a BASE SEQUENCE, or to detect variations in a gene sequence, GENE EXPRESSION, or for GENE MAPPING.Stochastic Processes: Processes that incorporate some element of randomness, used particularly to refer to a time series of random variables.Antineoplastic Agents, Phytogenic: Agents obtained from higher plants that have demonstrable cytostatic or antineoplastic activity.JapanOutcome Assessment (Health Care): Research aimed at assessing the quality and effectiveness of health care as measured by the attainment of a specified end result or outcome. Measures include parameters such as improved health, lowered morbidity or mortality, and improvement of abnormal states (such as elevated blood pressure).Genetics, Population: The discipline studying genetic composition of populations and effects of factors such as GENETIC SELECTION, population size, MUTATION, migration, and GENETIC DRIFT on the frequencies of various GENOTYPES and PHENOTYPES using a variety of GENETIC TECHNIQUES.Cost-Benefit Analysis: A method of comparing the cost of a program with its expected benefits in dollars (or other currency). The benefit-to-cost ratio is a measure of total return expected per unit of money spent. This analysis generally excludes consideration of factors that are not measured ultimately in economic terms. Cost effectiveness compares alternative ways to achieve a specific set of results.Biosensing Techniques: Any of a variety of procedures which use biomolecular probes to measure the presence or concentration of biological molecules, biological structures, microorganisms, etc., by translating a biochemical interaction at the probe surface into a quantifiable physical signal.Clinical Competence: The capability to perform acceptably those duties directly related to patient care.Placebos: Any dummy medication or treatment. Although placebos originally were medicinal preparations having no specific pharmacological activity against a targeted condition, the concept has been extended to include treatments or procedures, especially those administered to control groups in clinical trials in order to provide baseline measurements for the experimental protocol.Socioeconomic Factors: Social and economic factors that characterize the individual or group within the social structure.Acute Disease: Disease having a short and relatively severe course.Fluorouracil: A pyrimidine analog that is an antineoplastic antimetabolite. It interferes with DNA synthesis by blocking the THYMIDYLATE SYNTHETASE conversion of deoxyuridylic acid to thymidylic acid.BRCA1 Protein: The phosphoprotein encoded by the BRCA1 gene (GENE, BRCA1). In normal cells the BRCA1 protein is localized in the nucleus, whereas in the majority of breast cancer cell lines and in malignant pleural effusions from breast cancer patients, it is localized mainly in the cytoplasm. (Science 1995;270(5237):713,789-91)Brain: The part of CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM that is contained within the skull (CRANIUM). Arising from the NEURAL TUBE, the embryonic brain is comprised of three major parts including PROSENCEPHALON (the forebrain); MESENCEPHALON (the midbrain); and RHOMBENCEPHALON (the hindbrain). The developed brain consists of CEREBRUM; CEREBELLUM; and other structures in the BRAIN STEM.
Merit-making, parami's and self-development[edit]. See also: Merit (Buddhism) and Parami ... the temple emphasizes the making of merit,[63][235] and explains how through the law of kamma merit yields its fruits, in this ... Paramis are formed when people do merits consistently, and these merits become 'concentrated' (Thai: กลั่นตัว) through the ... perspectives of merit-making had changed in traditional Buddhist societies, as merit-making became associated with capitalism ...
Order of Merit leaders[edit]. The top five players on the Order of Merit earned Tour cards for 2014.[4] ...
Figures of merit of MEMS magnetic sensor[edit]. MEMS magnetic sensors have several parameters: Quality Factor (Q), Resonance ...
Legion of Merit[edit]. Citation excerpt. For meritorious service of a high degree in connection with a mission by submarine to ... Legion of Merit (2). Bronze Star. Admiral Jerauld Wright, USN, (June 4, 1898 - April 27, 1995) served as the Commander-in-Chief ... Gold Star in lieu of a second Legion of Merit. For exceptionally meritorious conduct ... as Assistant Chief of Staff of the ... Captain Jerauld Wright was awarded his first Legion of Merit in recognition of his participation in Operation Kingpin.[46] ...
... with full registration allowed after the horse achieves a set performance or merit standard akin to that of a merit registry. ... Performance or merit[edit]. Another form of open registry is a registry based on performance or conformation, called in some ... Registry on Merit is prevalent with sheepdog registries, in particular those of the Border Collie, and some other breeds with a ... The Registry on Merit or ROM may be tied to percentage of bloodline, conformation, or classification or may be based solely on ...
"WCT Order of Merit - Men". Archived from the original on 2010-11-19. Retrieved 2011-07-23.. ... "WCT Order of Merit - Women". Archived from the original on 2010-11-19. Retrieved 2011-07-23.. ...
Order of Merit winners[edit]. The winner of the Order of Merit is awarded the John Jacobs Trophy.[3][4] ... Prize money in latter does not count towards the Order of Merit, but since 2007 the former has been an official money event.[2] ... "European Senior Tour Order of Merit winners 1992 - 2015". PGA European Tour. 14 October 2014.. ...
Merit badge[edit]. was an Eagle Scout candidate who had previously earned a merit badge in Atomic Energy after years of ... This makes it sound like the Atomic Energy merit badge had something to do with the explosions. I earned my Atomic Energy merit ... "was an Eagle Scout candidate who had previously earned a merit badge in Atomic Energy, and had experimented for years in ... David Hahn had already earned the Boy Scouts of America merit badge in Atomic Energy and apparently had enough genuine interest ...
"World Merit*". 1 February 2013. Retrieved 13 March 2013. [permanent dead link] "Merit Next , Merit". ... World Merit organised World Merit Day on 24 July at the BT Convention Centre in Liverpool. The day included the 'What Matters' ... It features the World Merit Fellowship program (formerly Merit Next) as its flagship program which is a year-long leadership ... "Malala Yousafzai talks gender equality at World Merit Day". 29 June 2014. Camp Leaders Smaller Earth World Merit* ...
"Merit". Retrieved 11 October 2012. "Minnetonka". The Yard. Retrieved 21 February 2017. "Trevone". ...
merit., ii, 26), was customarily distributed in his time to catechumens, and he even gives it the name of sacramentum, as ...
Merit Award. June 2002. Richard Lacayo, You Could Call Him Mr. Softee. Innovators, Time 100: The Next Wave. July 17, 2000. ...
Merit Publishing. ISBN 1873413874. "Dorlands Medical Dictionary:jacksonian epilepsy". Trescher, William H., and Ronald P. ...
The first merit review criterion is 'intellectual merit', the second is that of the 'broader societal impact' of the proposed ... Task Force on Merit Review' to determine "how well the current Merit Review criteria used by the NSF to evaluate all proposals ... "Merit Review". NSF. January 14, 2013. Retrieved 24 April 2014. Lok, Corie (2010). "Science funding: Science for the masses". ... Those funded are typically projects that are ranked highest in a 'merit review' process, the current version of which was ...
"Presidential Merit". 2013-07-16. Retrieved 2013-12-18. "John Glenn School of Public Affairs at The Ohio State ... Newland Presidential Citation of Merit from the American Society of Public Administration. He has written fourteen books and ...
Merit Network. Retrieved 20 September 2015. "Beaming gigabits across Canada-U.S. border". News and Press Releases. Merit ... and Merit Network (Michigan; via Windsor and Sault Ste. Marie) In addition to providing a dedicated network to the research, ...
"Merit Awards". American Trakehner Association. Referenced February 3, 2008. "Abdullah". All Breed Pedigree. Referenced February ...
"Merit Rewarded". Arizona Weekly Citizen. Tucson, Arizona Territory. July 18, 1891. p. 1. Upton & Ball 1997, p. 131. Ball, Larry ... and Jason Wheeler were each awarded a Certificate of Merit. Legal troubles for the accused did not end with their acquittal. In ... Brown and Corporal Isaiah Mays were awarded the Medal of Honor while eight other soldiers received a Certificate of Merit. ...
"Without Merit". Leonard's Lair. Retrieved 18 August 2017. NME November 1984 Sounds November 1984 Strong, Martin C. "THE DURUTTI ... "Without Merit," and reflecting: "Without Mercy is a joke. [...] It was all Tony Wilson's idea to make it more classical. He had ...
"Merit Badges". Boy Scouts of America. Retrieved 2012-06-14. "TMAR Search and Recovery Dive Team". The Maritime Regiment (TMAR) ...
"Featured Stories: Northern Michigan University". 2009-03-13. Retrieved 2010-07-01. [2] Archived June 4, 2008, at the ...
Merit Designs. Retrieved 2013-06-22. "Hot Latin Songs: February 24, 2007 - Billboard Chart Archive". Billboard. Prometheus ...
UNU-MERIT. Archived from the original on 28 July 2011. Retrieved 8 December 2015. CS1 maint: Unfit url (link) Wikimedia ... In 2008, the Wikimedia Foundation, alongside the Collaborative Creativity Group at UNU-Merit, launched a survey of readers and ...
Merit Awards. Retrieved 23 August 2017. "Ebony wins Artiste of the Year at Bass Awards". Myjoyonline. ... "Ebony, Opanka, Yaa Pono, Medikal, Pappy Kojo, AJ Nelson and Shaker nominated for Merit Awards 2017". ...
"Merit Rewarded". The Carlisle Arrow. September 22, 1916. p. 7. McCarty 1988a, p. 4 "Comments on Penn Game". The Technique. 7 (3 ...
In technical terms, in Bayes theorem the impact of new data on the merit of competing scientific hypotheses is compared by ...
Merit may refer to: Merit (Catholicism) Merit (Buddhism) Punya (Hinduism) Merit (cigarette), a brand of cigarettes made by ... United States Merit (wife of Maya), an Egyptian woman, wife of Maya Merit of the prime gap gn, the ratio of gn / log(pn) Merit ... Canada Merit, a trading name used by J & L Randall Merit (indie rock band), a band from Syracuse, New York Merit (emo band), a ... United States Merit Academy, a high school in Springville, Utah, United States Merit (law) Merit, Texas, an unincorporated ...
Merit E. Janow is a professor in the practice of international trade and dean at Columbia Universitys School of International ... "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2010-03-23. Retrieved 2010-04-16. ...
ADA CHARGE DATA by IMPAIRMENTS/BASES - MERIT FACTOR RESOLUTIONS (Charges filed with EEOC). FY 1997 - FY 2017. The data are ... Merit factor resolutions include settlements, withdrawals with benefits, successful conciliations and unsuccessful ...
Teacher participation in a merit-pay program led to the equivalent of four extra weeks of student learning, according to a new ... Merit Pay. "Teacher Merit Pay and Student Test Scores: A Meta-Analysis". ... They found merit-pay programs aimed at groups of teachers who worked together to earn incentive pay, as opposed to individuals ... Teacher participation in a merit-pay program led to the equivalent of four extra weeks of student learning, according to a new ...
Appoint a Merit Award Vice President. ​Designate one individual who will be responsible for completing the Merit Award entry. ... If the Merit Award process seems overwhelming, go to your chapter advisor or the college relations chair from your sponsoring ... Merit Award entries will not be returned. You will receive a copy of your completed application automatically upon submission. ... Some chapters keep a notebook or file specifically for the Merit Award so that all the needed information will be in one place ...
The findings of the study about merit pay by the newly created National Center on Performance Incentives that are scheduled for ... A case in point is "New Center Asks: Does Merit Pay Work?," the recent story reporting on the new Vanderbilt University center ... Thats why he aggressively maintains that merit pay will work. What he doesnt understand, however, is that if it does, it will ... The findings of the study about merit pay by the newly created National Center on Performance Incentives that are scheduled for ...
The Colorado Merit-based Awards is available to Colorado residents who are undergraduate or graduate students at Colorado post- ...
... emergency preparedness merit badge 8a, what is the healthy food chart rating ... Comments to «Emergency preparedness merit badge 8a». * OGNI_BAKU, 20.11.2013 21:44:29 ... Emergency preparedness merit badge 8a,gardening without direct sunlight plants,survivalist antibiotics,paulsoaresjr family ...
About half the finalists will win a scholarship, either a $2,500 National Merit Scholarship or a merit scholarship sponsored by ... Bay Area students among National Merit… Share this:. *Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window) ... National Merit Scholarships: And the Bay Area winners are … April 19, 2019 at 10:37 am. ... Dozens of Bay Area high schools are the winners in the National Merit Scholarship program, securing money to help them go to ...
23, 2012-- Merit Medical Systems, Inc., a leading manufacturer and marketer of proprietary disposable medical devices used in ... Food and Drug Administration has completed its evaluation of Merits corrective actions in response to a Warning Letter issued ... to the Company dated January 30, 2012 related to the Merit Laureate ® Hydrophilic Guidewire. ... ABOUT MERIT. Founded in 1987, Merit Medical Systems, Inc. is engaged in the development, manufacture and distribution of ...
ENMU offers an affordable, accredited college option with onsite and online courses, scholarships, financial aid and small class sizes. Apply today!
Clemson Universitys Biology Merit Exam recognizes and promotes outstanding achievement in the biological sciences among middle ... Biology Merit Exam. The 41st Annual Biology Merit Exam will be held online on Friday, May 1, 2020 and our theme will be the ... Students attending the Biology Merit Exam at Clemson University will have an opportunity to:. * * *Test their biology knowledge ... The Biology Merit Exam consists of forty multiple-choice questions of varying degrees of difficulty that are distributed among ...
The MacDonald Geography-Geology Department Merit Scholarship is available to students at Normandale Community College. You must ... The MacDonald Geography-Geology Department Merit Scholarship is available to students at Normandale Community College. You must ...
Troop 737 will be hosting a Merit Badge Day and Trail to First Class Center on Saturday, October 6th, 2012 at Shorecliffs ... In addition to merit badges, Troop 737 will also offer "Trail to First Class" sessions. These sessions are equivalent to one ... we will work on other rank requirements or allow the scout to work on the Fingerprinting merit badge. ...
Merit Belt AQYAA00036. If anyone deserves an awesome belt, its you. Our Merit Belt keeps your look slick with a cool artwork ...
Ensuring a merit-based employment system : an examination of the Merit Systems Protection Board and the Office of Special ... Safeguarding the merit systems principles : a review of the Merit Systems Protection Board and the Office of Special Counsel : ... Julia A. Clark nominated to be a Member, Merit Systems Protection Board, Andrew F. Maunz nominated to be a Member, Merit ... Merit Systems Protection Board, and Barbara J. Sapin, to be a member, Merit Systems Protection Board, July 19, 2004 by United ...
Your report regarding the grave danger being posed to people by overcrowded conditions at our A&Es is just one in a long line of failures overseen by Mary Harney.
BRIEF-Merit Medical Q3 non-GAAP earnings per share $0.26. * Merit medical reports sales up 15.3 percent for the quarter ended ... BRIEF-Merit Medical Q2 earnings per share $0.19. * Merit Medical reports record revenue and non-GAAP net income* for second ... BRIEF-Merit Medical Q4 non-gaap EPS $0.31. * Merit medical reports results for fourth quarter and year ended december 31, 2016 ... BRIEF-Merit Medical Q4 GAAP Earnings Per Share $0.13. * MERIT MEDICAL REPORTS RESULTS FOR FOURTH QUARTER AND YEAR ENDED ...
Chris Stephens/The Plain DealerThese National Merit Scholars are part of the high-achieving Class of 2008 at Shaker Heights ... Thats not all of it: Shaker this year had 11 National Merit semifinalists, 19 National Merit commended students, two National ... "The National Merit testing has been reliable and valid, and thats not been the case with many of the more recent testing ... These National Merit Scholars are part of the high-achieving Class of 2008 at Shaker Heights High School. Seated from left: ...
Merit programs are currently used for English and math instruction in thousands of educational institutions worldwide. ... One study monitored the progress of students using Merits reading and writing programs at Calhoun Middle/High School in Mount ... Based on success at Calhoun, another study was initiated, which examined students progress while using Merit Math programs at ... In the Calhoun study, students using Merit reading software improved their standardized test scores by more than 10.0% with ...
... Get a Free Software PDF reader. The Portable Document Format (PDF) is a popular format to publish formatted ...] Discontinued Merit Badges Scouts may not begin working on discontinued merit badges. If actual effort has already ... In some cases, the entire subject has been dropped from the merit badge roster. In others, the merit badges name has been ... four historical merit badges were reintroduced for one year only as part of the 2010 Historic Merit Badge Program- Carpentry, ... Merit badge Created Discontinued Notes Aerodynamics 1941 1952 Created with Aeronautics to replace Aviation (original); replaced ...
2010 Historical Merit Badges: Carpentry - Pathfinding - Signaling - Tracking. Merit Badge Notes. * To verify that your Merit ... See the Merit Badge FAQ for many more answers about Merit Badges. See the Merit Badge Application for an online, printable ... See Merit Badges for more details on earning a Merit Badge. Workbooks allow Merit Badge Counselors to offer group instruction ... Also see: List of how many boys have earned each Merit Badge - Merit Badge policies - Merit badges required for the Eagle Scout ...
In some cases, the entire subject has been dropped from the merit badge roster. In others, the merit badges name has been ... the entire subject has been dropped from the merit badge roster. In others, the merit badges name has been changed, with or ... the entire subject has been dropped from the merit badge roster. In others, the merit badges name has been changed, with or ... four historical merit badges were reintroduced for one year only as part of the 2010 Historic Merit Badge Program- Carpentry, ...
  • In technical terms, in Bayes' theorem the impact of new data on the merit of competing scientific hypotheses is compared by computing for each hypothesis the product of the antecedent plausibility and the likelihood of the current data given that particular hypothesis and rescaling them so that their total is unity. (
  • Hundreds of Bay Area high school seniors are among the approximately 16,000 semifinalists named Wednesday by the 2018 National Merit Scholarship Program, which honors top academic ability and potential for college success. (
  • Prof. Dr. Dr. Arndt Bode received the Officer's Cross of the Order of Merit of the Federal Republic of Germany in 2018. (
  • Grace and Keston's extraordinary work warrants the highest recognition, making them worthy recipients of the PDSA Order of Merit. (
  • His memory lives on and he is a worthy recipient of the PDSA Order of Merit. (
  • GÖTTINGEN, Germany, Oct. 18, 2011 - Professor Gerd Litfin, who is on Qioptiq's board of directors, has been awarded the Cross of Merit, first class, of the Order of Merit of the Federal Republic of Germany by President Christian Wulff. (
  • The economist Professor Ann-Kristin Achleitner received the Officer's Cross of the Order of Merit of the Federal Republic of Germany in 2014. (
  • The Order of Merit of the Federal Republic of Germany - also known as the Federal Cross of Merit - is the highest tribute the Federal Republic of Germany can pay to individuals for services to the nation. (
  • The Order comprises nine classes in the groups Medal of Merit, Order of Merit, Great Cross of Merit and Grand Cross, and may be awarded to Germans and foreign nationals alike. (
  • Prof. Dr. Robert Huber received the Grand Cross of the Order of Merit of the Federal Republic of Germany in 1997. (
  • Prof. Dr. Helmut Greim received the Knight Commander's Cross of the Order of Merit of the Federal Republic of Germany in 2015. (
  • Prof. Dr. Horst Teltschik received the Commander's Cross of the Order of Merit of the Federal Republic of Germany in 2008. (
  • received the Commander's Cross of the Order of Merit of the Federal Republic of Germany in 2004. (
  • Prof. Dr. Karl Eugen Becker received the Commander's Cross of the Order of Merit of the Federal Republic of Germany in 1998. (
  • Prof. Dr. Adolf Birkhofer (1934-2019) received the Commander's Cross of the Order of Merit of the Federal Republic of Germany in 1994. (
  • Prof. Dr. Holger Magel received the Officer's Cross of the Order of Merit of the Federal Republic of Germany in 2013. (
  • Prof. Dr. Karl-Heinz Schleifer received the Officer's Cross of the Order of Merit of the Federal Republic of Germany in 2006. (
  • Prof. Rudolf Bayer received the Officer's Cross of the Order of Merit of the Federal Republic of Germany in 1999. (
  • Prof. Dr. Peter Lisson received the Officer's Cross of the Order of Merit of the Federal Republic of Germany in 1997. (
  • Prof. Hans-Ulrich Schmidt received the Officer's Cross of the Order of Merit of the Federal Republic of Germany in 1996. (
  • Prof. Dr. Meinhard Classen (1936-2019) received the Officer's Cross of the Order of Merit of the Federal Republic of Germany in 1995. (
  • Prof. Dr. Siegfried Donhauser received the Officer's Cross of the Order of Merit of the Federal Republic of Germany in 1994. (
  • The Merit-Based Incentive Payment System consolidates several existing Medicare quality-improvement programs into one program, beginning in 2017. (
  • During the third quarter of 2017, Merit made investments in intellectual property of approximately $12.1 million as part of asset and equity acquisitions which were recorded as acquired in-process research and development expense. (
  • The most recent short interest data has been released for the 11/15/2017 settlement date, which shows a 356,672 share increase in total short interest for Merit Medical Systems, Inc. , to 2,057,856, an increase of 20.97% since 10/31/2017. (
  • The most recent short interest data has been released for the 03/31/2017 settlement date, which shows a 447,230 share decrease in total short interest for Merit Medical Systems, Inc. , to 1,067,481, a decrease of 29.53% since 03/15/2017. (
  • It is called MERITS, a computer-based officials, representatives of the United Mine Workers of America emergency simulation exercise. (
  • If you might be interested in serving as a judge for future HSA Merit Book Awards, please notify any Haiku Society of America officer. (
  • For full details about the contest rules, see the Haiku Society of America Merit Book Awards . (
  • Qioptiq director Gerd Litfin was awarded Germany's Cross of Merit, First Class on Oct. 12 in Berlin. (
  • The figure of merit for the thin films was evaluated and is given in Table. (
  • In this paper, we do not attempt to analyze the emissions, but introduce a figure of merit that partly addresses this--the fraction of the heating provided by the heat pump. (
  • The proposed unit cell is embraced from the simple dipole owing to its simplicity and is convoluted to increase the [lambda]/p ratio which is the figure of merit for FSS amounts to 2. (
  • 0 GHz frequency band and has the figure of merit of -189. (
  • We used Pratt's Figure of Merit to evaluate the edge detection algorithm. (
  • An ideal figure of merit would track instrument performance closely, and could be used to establish that the performance is in control against previously determined limits based on reference measurements. (
  • sigma], instead of the commonly used figure of merit , Z has been taken to characterize the quality of the material. (
  • To ensure ships' maintenance remains at an optimal level of readiness, the Maintenance Figure of Merit (MFOM) was put in place to standardize how maintenance communities prioritize all job requests. (
  • Flemington, NJ -- The nickel content of screen-print stencils appears to be the figure of merit when migrating to lead-free assembly, according to a DEK (dek. (
  • First, lets find the uplink receiving system figure of merit (G/[T. (
  • Herein, a high figure of merit, ZT, near 0.6 at cryogenic temperatures (100-150 K) has been achieved in melt-spun n-type Bi 85 Sb 15 bulk samples consisting of micron-size grains. (
  • In addition to the requirements listed above, we will work on other rank requirements or allow the scout to work on the Fingerprinting merit badge. (
  • The content on is not intended nor recommended as a substitute for medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment. (
  • Judging by the content of the editorial, I gather its authors conflate "merit," or at least "academic merit," with high SAT or ACT scores. (
  • The objective of the plan is to provide a fair and systematic means of considering and selecting applicants for promotion based on merit principles and Indian preference requirements. (
  • An editorial in The Hoya from Oct. 20 urges Georgetown to cease "the practice of race-based affirmative action" and "evaluate applicants on their merit alone. (
  • Once The Backlogs Of Employment-Based Applicants And Family-Based Applicants Are Cleared, There Will Be 380,000 Green Cards Available Under The Merit-Based System - Up From 140,000 Employment-Based Green Cards Today. (
  • Also, with some careers (ie health psychology) applicants need at least a Merit in an MSc in Health Psychology to progress onto stage 2 professional doctorate in health psychology. (
  • With applicants with 2.2 undergrad degrees, for admissions onto the clinical psychology doctorate, for some universities, some applicants require at least a Merit with a 65% average to meet the eligibility criteria. (
  • The 41st Annual Biology Merit Exam will be held online on Friday, May 1, 2020 and our theme will be the Tyrannosaurus rex! (
  • Virtual Merit Member Conference 2020 Registration Now Open! (
  • The Colorado Merit-based Awards is available to Colorado residents who are undergraduate or graduate students at Colorado post-secondary institutions. (
  • The Clemson University Department of Biological Sciences annually conducts the Biology Merit Exam to recognize and promote outstanding achievement in the biological sciences among middle and high school students in South Carolina. (
  • That's not all of it: Shaker this year had 11 National Merit semifinalists, 19 National Merit commended students, two National Achievement semifinalists, three National Achievement commended students, and one National Hispanic Scholar. (
  • In response to calls for schools to improve students' academic performance, consultants from the Marshall University Graduate College in South Charleston, West Virginia evaluated Merit Software, , to determine its value as a curriculum supplement. (
  • Their research showed that by using Merit educational software as a supplement to everyday instruction, middle school students made striking gains in their reading, writing, and math scores. (
  • Additionally, teachers and administrators who worked with the software will speak about their experience, and demonstrate how they used Merit programs to improve students' reading, writing, and math skills. (
  • Based on success at Calhoun, another study was initiated, which examined students' progress while using Merit Math programs at Horace Mann Middle School in Charleston, West Virginia. (
  • In the Calhoun study, students using Merit reading software improved their standardized test scores by more than 10.0% with just 6 hours of use. (
  • The evidence clearly shows that with Merit Software teachers have an incredibly powerful tool for developing students' abilities in core skill areas,' said Dr. Jones. (
  • Numerous other students who just missed the semifinalist cutoff, but scored among the top 3 percent of students nationally are named National Merit Commended Students. (
  • The program is open to dentists, auxiliaries, students or anyone interested in learning about the MERIT program. (
  • The introduction of OSH in the merit badge system also aims to complement the reforms in the country's educational system under the K to 12 programme where students in senior high school are introduced to career-oriented tracks and should thus be prepared for the challenges in the world of work, including the occupational risks and hazards they may encounter. (
  • In introducing the OSH Merit Badge as a co-curricular activity, the ILO [email protected] Project hopes that Filipino students engaged in scouting activities will internalize the value of prevention as preparation for their working life. (
  • Merit also received CE Marking for HepaSphere™ Microspheres with irinotecan indication, which is expected to complement the doxorubicin indication. (
  • South Jordan, UT-based Merit said it will maintain Brightwater's production capabilities in Temecula, CA while duplicating those capabilities in its catheter facility in Pearland, TX, prior to transferring the ConvertX manufacturing operations to the Texas facility. (
  • Industry introduction to the MERITS program will occur media and victims' families, ordering needed supplies, interfacing throughout 2002. (
  • Before you decide if merit raises are right for your company, take the time to gather employee feedback and design a one-size-fits-all program. (
  • These reports summarize the comments of expert peer reviewers at the Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation, where each year projects funded by DOE's Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program are reviewed for their merit. (
  • BOSTON - At an Earth Day ceremony in Boston's Faneuil Hall, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency's New England Office today recognized 11 individuals and organizations from Maine with Environmental Merit Awards, including one lifetime achievement award. (
  • The merit awards, given out since 1970, honor individuals and groups who have shown particular ingenuity and commitment in their efforts to preserve the region's environment. (
  • Return to archive of Merit Book Awards archive . (
  • Dr. Maharaj K. Ticku received the MERIT Award, one of the most prestigious awards presented by the National Institutes of Health. (
  • As the president announced today, he is working on an executive order to establish a merit-based immigration system to further protect US workers," the White House said in a statement. (
  • 2. The Bill Will Help Keep The U.S. Competitive In The Global Economy By Establishing A New Merit-Based System For Immigration That Is Similar To Those Used By Other Countries. (
  • The Bipartisan Immigration Reform Bill Establishes A New Merit-Based System To Select Future Immigrants Based On The Skills And Attributes They Will Bring To The United States. (
  • Designate one individual who will be responsible for completing the Merit Award entry. (
  • If no one person is responsible, the task of tracking chapter activities and completing the Merit Award entry can easily 'fall through the cracks. (
  • Plan your chapter events to support your goal of winning a Superior Merit Award. (
  • Some chapters keep a notebook or file specifically for the Merit Award so that all the needed information will be in one place at the end of the year. (
  • The Alice Hamilton Award for 2000 was presented to four NIOSH publications from 1999 for high scientific merit. (
  • For its astonishing detail and quality of presentation, The Merit Award for haiku goes to The Collected Haiku of Raymond Roseliep by Randy and Shirley Brooks. (
  • There were so many remarkable collections of haiku this year, and a solo collection does not claim the scope of a collected works, but we judged Luckring's The Tender Between the best of the haiku collections, and hence first runner-up for the Merit Award for Haiku. (
  • In a field of remarkable work, this is an excellent collection and we judged it a second-runner up for the Merit Award for haiku. (
  • The MERIT Award ensures the continuation of his important research through at least 2010. (
  • Research supported by this MERIT Award will attempt to elucidate the molecular details of this regulatory mechanism. (
  • Founded in 1987, Merit Medical Systems, Inc. is engaged in the development, manufacture and distribution of proprietary disposable medical devices used in interventional and diagnostic procedures, particularly in cardiology, radiology and endoscopy. (
  • In recent trading, shares of Merit Medical Systems, Inc. have crossed above the average analyst 12-month target price of $46.42, changing hands for $46.80/share. (
  • Investors in Merit Medical Systems, Inc. saw new options become available today, for the September 15th expiration. (
  • Investors in Merit Medical Systems, Inc. saw new options become available this week, for the August 18th expiration. (
  • Analyst ratings can sometimes be complicated, and we here at ETF Channel have noticed a bit of a paradox with Merit Medical Systems, Inc. (
  • The central bank will launch a new merit-based personnel evaluation system on July 2, but it will be linked to salaries beginning April 1. (
  • Full-time, non-appointed employees in the county administration, of which there are 824, received the $1,000 merit-based salary increases for the 2015-2016 fiscal year, if they earned a "satisfactory employee evaluation," Mumby said. (
  • The Biology Merit Exam consists of forty multiple-choice questions of varying degrees of difficulty that are distributed among the major areas of biology. (
  • The FDA sent a letter to Merit Medical this week stating that it appears Merit has addressed the violation contained in the Warning Letter. (
  • Merit also recognized a reduction of $778,000 to the gain on bargain purchase related to the acquisition of the critical care business of Argon Medical Devices, Inc. earlier in the year. (
  • Merit Medical is a global company. (
  • All judges facing merit retention this year have been rated highly by members of the Florida Bar for quality and clarity of judicial opinions, knowledge of the law, integrity, judicial temperament, impartiality, demeanor, courtesy and freedom from bias. (
  • And, yes, when I learn an applicant worked twenty hours a week during the school year, and more than forty hours during the summers, to help meet family costs like rent, while still maintaining high grades, I find great merit in that applicant. (
  • The bill makes 247,000 green cards immediately available under the merit-based system each year for the first five years after enactment. (
  • Each year MERIT team members meet for a continuing education and an annual meeting. (
  • Offering a raise in pay based on annual reviews is one thing, but is there really any value of merit raises? (
  • It is possible to improve employee levels of production along with a happier workplace environment by looking at the value of merit raises. (
  • Loyalty - Merit raises help generate employee loyalty. (
  • Age Appropriate - No matter what generation the employee is part of, merit raises are welcomed by anyone and everyone. (
  • In Lieu Of - When cash flow is short and other benefits are cut-even cost of living raises , the value of a merit raise does improve morale and represents a way to keep employees focused until bad financial times turn into gains and the cut benefits begin again. (
  • Merit raises should stay in line with both industry and demographic standards, so find out what others are doing in your area. (
  • Furthermore, the president has long said he is willing to work with the Congress on a negotiated legislative solution to DACA, one that could include citizenship, along with strong border security and permanent merit-based reforms," the White House said. (
  • That's why he aggressively maintains that merit pay will work. (
  • A case in point is "New Center Asks: Does Merit Pay Work? (
  • MERITS is an extension of previous work that compiled a · All 27 trainees believed that the MERITS simulation helped them knowledge base relevant to mine disaster management via learn how to better handle a real emergency. (
  • Productivity - People are generally happy when they are rewarded at work and that includes receiving a merit raise. (
  • Sign up to receive the latest security and networking articles, exclusive invitations to Merit events, product information and more! (
  • Employees tend to tell co-workers when they receive a raise based on their merits. (
  • When other employees realize they may too be able to receive a merit raise, it creates an environment of loyal employees who want to do well and stay with the same organization. (
  • The Merit-Based System Will Balance The Demand For High-Skill And Low-Skill Workers. (
  • Merit is excited to be exhibiting at the 15th Annual Controversies in Dialysis Access, labeled as the world's premier dialysis access conference. (