Instrumentation consisting of hardware and software that communicates with the BRAIN. The hardware component of the interface records brain signals, while the software component analyzes the signals and converts them into a command that controls a device or sends a feedback signal to the brain.
The portion of an interactive computer program that issues messages to and receives commands from a user.
Recording of electric currents developed in the brain by means of electrodes applied to the scalp, to the surface of the brain, or placed within the substance of the brain.
Computer-assisted processing of electric, ultrasonic, or electronic signals to interpret function and activity.
A procedure consisting of a sequence of algebraic formulas and/or logical steps to calculate or determine a given task.
Computer-based representation of physical systems and phenomena such as chemical processes.
The attitude and behavior associated with an individual using the computer.
Sequential operating programs and data which instruct the functioning of a digital computer.
People who take drugs for a non-therapeutic or non-medical effect. The drugs may be legal or illegal, but their use often results in adverse medical, legal, or social consequences for the users.
Various units or machines that operate in combination or in conjunction with a computer but are not physically part of it. Peripheral devices typically display computer data, store data from the computer and return the data to the computer on demand, prepare data for human use, or acquire data from a source and convert it to a form usable by a computer. (Computer Dictionary, 4th ed.)
A loose confederation of computer communication networks around the world. The networks that make up the Internet are connected through several backbone networks. The Internet grew out of the US Government ARPAnet project and was designed to facilitate information exchange.
Familiarity and comfort in using computers efficiently.
The process of pictorial communication, between human and computers, in which the computer input and output have the form of charts, drawings, or other appropriate pictorial representation.
Systems composed of a computer or computers, peripheral equipment, such as disks, printers, and terminals, and telecommunications capabilities.
Models used experimentally or theoretically to study molecular shape, electronic properties, or interactions; includes analogous molecules, computer-generated graphics, and mechanical structures.
Process of teaching a person to interact and communicate with a computer.
A type of MICROCOMPUTER, sometimes called a personal digital assistant, that is very small and portable and fitting in a hand. They are convenient to use in clinical and other field situations for quick data management. They usually require docking with MICROCOMPUTERS for updates.
Specific languages used to prepare computer programs.
Exclusive legal rights or privileges applied to inventions, plants, etc.
The location of the atoms, groups or ions relative to one another in a molecule, as well as the number, type and location of covalent bonds.
Analog or digital communications device in which the user has a wireless connection from a telephone to a nearby transmitter. It is termed cellular because the service area is divided into multiple "cells." As the user moves from one cell area to another, the call is transferred to the local transmitter.
A plant genus in the family ROSACEAE, order Rosales, subclass Rosidae. It is best known as a source of the edible fruit (apple) and is cultivated in temperate climates worldwide.
The sciences dealing with processes observable in nature.
Organized services provided by MEDICAL LABORATORY PERSONNEL for the purpose of carrying out CLINICAL LABORATORY TECHNIQUES used for the diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of disease.
The science of designing, building or equipping mechanical devices or artificial environments to the anthropometric, physiological, or psychological requirements of the people who will use them.
Drugs designed and synthesized, often for illegal street use, by modification of existing drug structures (e.g., amphetamines). Of special interest are MPTP (a reverse ester of meperidine), MDA (3,4-methylenedioxyamphetamine), and MDMA (3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine). Many drugs act on the aminergic system, the physiologically active biogenic amines.
Selection of a type of occupation or profession.
The upward or downward mobility in an occupation or the change from one occupation to another.
Educational institutions.
The remuneration paid or benefits granted to an employee.
A disease of chronic diffuse irreversible airflow obstruction. Subcategories of COPD include CHRONIC BRONCHITIS and PULMONARY EMPHYSEMA.
Predetermined sets of questions used to collect data - clinical data, social status, occupational group, etc. The term is often applied to a self-completed survey instrument.
Lists of persons or organizations, systematically arranged, usually in alphabetic or classed order, giving address, affiliations, etc., for individuals, and giving address, officers, functions, and similar data for organizations. (ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983)
Equipment that provides mentally or physically disabled persons with a means of communication. The aids include display boards, typewriters, cathode ray tubes, computers, and speech synthesizers. The output of such aids includes written words, artificial speech, language signs, Morse code, and pictures.
A system in which the functions of the man and the machine are interrelated and necessary for the operation of the system.
The use of mental images produced by the imagination as a form of psychotherapy. It can be classified by the modality of its content: visual, verbal, auditory, olfactory, tactile, gustatory, or kinesthetic. Common themes derive from nature imagery (e.g., forests and mountains), water imagery (e.g., brooks and oceans), travel imagery, etc. Imagery is used in the treatment of mental disorders and in helping patients cope with other diseases. Imagery often forms a part of HYPNOSIS, of AUTOGENIC TRAINING, of RELAXATION TECHNIQUES, and of BEHAVIOR THERAPY. (From Encyclopedia of Human Behavior, vol. 4, pp29-30, 1994)
A new pattern of perceptual or ideational material derived from past experience.
A muscular organ in the mouth that is covered with pink tissue called mucosa, tiny bumps called papillae, and thousands of taste buds. The tongue is anchored to the mouth and is vital for chewing, swallowing, and for speech.
Severe or complete loss of motor function in all four limbs which may result from BRAIN DISEASES; SPINAL CORD DISEASES; PERIPHERAL NERVOUS SYSTEM DISEASES; NEUROMUSCULAR DISEASES; or rarely MUSCULAR DISEASES. The locked-in syndrome is characterized by quadriplegia in combination with cranial muscle paralysis. Consciousness is spared and the only retained voluntary motor activity may be limited eye movements. This condition is usually caused by a lesion in the upper BRAIN STEM which injures the descending cortico-spinal and cortico-bulbar tracts.
Tumors or cancer of the TONGUE.
A functional system which includes the organisms of a natural community together with their environment. (McGraw Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)
Computer-based systems for input, storage, display, retrieval, and printing of information contained in a patient's medical record.
A system containing any combination of computers, computer terminals, printers, audio or visual display devices, or telephones interconnected by telecommunications equipment or cables: used to transmit or receive information. (Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)
Administrative units of government responsible for policy making and management of governmental activities.
Text editing and storage functions using computer software.
Ongoing scrutiny of a population (general population, study population, target population, etc.), generally using methods distinguished by their practicability, uniformity, and frequently their rapidity, rather than by complete accuracy.
Small computers using LSI (large-scale integration) microprocessor chips as the CPU (central processing unit) and semiconductor memories for compact, inexpensive storage of program instructions and data. They are smaller and less expensive than minicomputers and are usually built into a dedicated system where they are optimized for a particular application. "Microprocessor" may refer to just the CPU or the entire microcomputer.
Activities concerned with governmental policies, functions, etc.
The attitude of a significant portion of a population toward any given proposition, based upon a measurable amount of factual evidence, and involving some degree of reflection, analysis, and reasoning.
Health insurance plans intended to reduce unnecessary health care costs through a variety of mechanisms, including: economic incentives for physicians and patients to select less costly forms of care; programs for reviewing the medical necessity of specific services; increased beneficiary cost sharing; controls on inpatient admissions and lengths of stay; the establishment of cost-sharing incentives for outpatient surgery; selective contracting with health care providers; and the intensive management of high-cost health care cases. The programs may be provided in a variety of settings, such as HEALTH MAINTENANCE ORGANIZATIONS and PREFERRED PROVIDER ORGANIZATIONS.
Studies designed to assess the efficacy of programs. They may include the evaluation of cost-effectiveness, the extent to which objectives are met, or impact.
Time period from 1901 through 2000 of the common era.
Decisions, usually developed by government policymakers, for determining present and future objectives pertaining to the health care system.

A new filtering algorithm for medical magnetic resonance and computer tomography images. (1/7649)

Inner views of tubular structures based on computer tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance (MR) data sets may be created by virtual endoscopy. After a preliminary segmentation procedure for selecting the organ to be represented, the virtual endoscopy is a new postprocessing technique using surface or volume rendering of the data sets. In the case of surface rendering, the segmentation is based on a grey level thresholding technique. To avoid artifacts owing to the noise created in the imaging process, and to restore spurious resolution degradations, a robust Wiener filter was applied. This filter working in Fourier space approximates the noise spectrum by a simple function that is proportional to the square root of the signal amplitude. Thus, only points with tiny amplitudes consisting mostly of noise are suppressed. Further artifacts are avoided by the correct selection of the threshold range. Afterwards, the lumen and the inner walls of the tubular structures are well represented and allow one to distinguish between harmless fluctuations and medically significant structures.  (+info)

Image processing strategies in picture archiving and communication systems. (2/7649)

An image processing strategy is presented that assures very similar soft-copy presentation on diagnostic workstations of a picture archiving and communication system (PACS) over the lifetime of an image file and simultaneously provides efficient work-flow. The strategy is based on rigid partitioning of image processing into application- and display-device-specific processing. Application-specific processing is optimized for a reference display system. A description of this system is attached to the file header of the application-specifically processed image which is stored in the PACS. Every diagnostic display system automatically reproduces the image quality for which the application-specific processing was optimized by adjusting its properties by display-system-specific processing so that the system becomes effectively equal to the reference display system.  (+info)

Spatial- and task-dependent neuronal responses during real and virtual translocation in the monkey hippocampal formation. (3/7649)

Neuropsychological data in humans demonstrated a pivotal role of the medial temporal lobe, including the hippocampal formation (HF) and the parahippocampal gyrus (PH), in allocentric (environment-centered) spatial learning and memory. In the present study, the functional significance of the monkey HF and PH neurons in allocentric spatial processing was analyzed during performance of the spatial tasks. In the tasks, the monkey either freely moved to one of four reward areas in the experimental field by driving a cab that the monkey rode (real translocation task) or freely moved a pointer to one of four reward areas on the monitor (virtual translocation task) by manipulating a joystick. Of 389 neurons recorded from the monkey HF and PH, 166 had place fields that displayed increased activity in a specific area in the experimental field and/or on the monitor (location-differential neurons). More HF and PH neurons responded in the real translocation task. These neurons had low mean spontaneous firing rates (0.96 spikes/sec), similar to those of rodent HF place cells. The remaining nonresponsive neurons had significantly higher mean firing rates (8. 39 spikes/sec), similar to interneurons or theta cells in the rodent HF. Furthermore, most location-differential neurons showed different responses in different tasks. These results suggest that the HF and PH are crucial in allocentric information processing and, moreover, that the HF can encode different reference frames that are context or task-dependent. This may be the neural basis of episodic memory.  (+info)

Imagene: an integrated computer environment for sequence annotation and analysis. (4/7649)

MOTIVATION: To be fully and efficiently exploited, data coming from sequencing projects together with specific sequence analysis tools need to be integrated within reliable data management systems. Systems designed to manage genome data and analysis tend to give a greater importance either to the data storage or to the methodological aspect, but lack a complete integration of both components. RESULTS: This paper presents a co-operative computer environment (called Imagenetrade mark) dedicated to genomic sequence analysis and annotation. Imagene has been developed by using an object-based model. Thanks to this representation, the user can directly manipulate familiar data objects through icons or lists. Imagene also incorporates a solving engine in order to manage analysis tasks. A global task is solved by successive divisions into smaller sub-tasks. During program execution, these sub-tasks are graphically displayed to the user and may be further re-started at any point after task completion. In this sense, Imagene is more transparent to the user than a traditional menu-driven package. Imagene also provides a user interface to display, on the same screen, the results produced by several tasks, together with the capability to annotate these results easily. In its current form, Imagene has been designed particularly for use in microbial sequencing projects. AVAILABILITY: Imagene best runs on SGI (Irix 6.3 or higher) workstations. It is distributed free of charge on a CD-ROM, but requires some Ilog licensed software to run. Some modules also require separate license agreements. Please contact the authors for specific academic conditions and other Unix platforms. CONTACT: imagene home page:  (+info)

Stem Trace: an interactive visual tool for comparative RNA structure analysis. (5/7649)

MOTIVATION: Stem Trace is one of the latest tools available in STRUCTURELAB, an RNA structure analysis computer workbench. The paradigm used in STRUCTURELAB views RNA structure determination as a problem of dealing with a database of a large number of computationally generated structures. Stem Trace provides the capability to analyze this data set in a novel, visually driven, interactive and exploratory way. In addition to providing graphs at a high level of ion, it is also connected with complementary visualization tools which provide orthogonal views of the same data, as well as drawing of structures represented by a stem trace. Thus, on top of being an analysis tool, Stem Trace is a graphical user interface to an RNA structural information database. RESULTS: We illustrate Stem Trace's capabilities with several examples of the analysis of RNA folding data performed on 24 strains of HIV-1, HIV-2 and SIV sequences around the HIV dimerization region. This dimer linkage site has been found to play a role in encapsidation, reverse transcription, recombination, and inhibition of translation. Our examples show how Stem Trace elucidates preservation of structures in this region across the various strains of HIV. AVAILABILITY: The program can be made available upon request. It runs on SUN, SGI and DEC (Compaq) Unix workstations.  (+info)

E-CELL: software environment for whole-cell simulation. (6/7649)

MOTIVATION: Genome sequencing projects and further systematic functional analyses of complete gene sets are producing an unprecedented mass of molecular information for a wide range of model organisms. This provides us with a detailed account of the cell with which we may begin to build models for simulating intracellular molecular processes to predict the dynamic behavior of living cells. Previous work in biochemical and genetic simulation has isolated well-characterized pathways for detailed analysis, but methods for building integrative models of the cell that incorporate gene regulation, metabolism and signaling have not been established. We, therefore, were motivated to develop a software environment for building such integrative models based on gene sets, and running simulations to conduct experiments in silico. RESULTS: E-CELL, a modeling and simulation environment for biochemical and genetic processes, has been developed. The E-CELL system allows a user to define functions of proteins, protein-protein interactions, protein-DNA interactions, regulation of gene expression and other features of cellular metabolism, as a set of reaction rules. E-CELL simulates cell behavior by numerically integrating the differential equations described implicitly in these reaction rules. The user can observe, through a computer display, dynamic changes in concentrations of proteins, protein complexes and other chemical compounds in the cell. Using this software, we constructed a model of a hypothetical cell with only 127 genes sufficient for transcription, translation, energy production and phospholipid synthesis. Most of the genes are taken from Mycoplasma genitalium, the organism having the smallest known chromosome, whose complete 580 kb genome sequence was determined at TIGR in 1995. We discuss future applications of the E-CELL system with special respect to genome engineering. AVAILABILITY: The E-CELL software is available upon request. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: The complete list of rules of the developed cell model with kinetic parameters can be obtained via our web site at:  (+info)

A proposal for a standard CORBA interface for genome maps. (7/7649)

MOTIVATION: The scientific community urgently needs to standardize the exchange of biological data. This is helped by the use of a common protocol and the definition of shared data structures. We have based our standardization work on CORBA, a technology that has become a standard in the past years and allows interoperability between distributed objects. RESULTS: We have defined an IDL specification for genome maps and present it to the scientific community. We have implemented CORBA servers based on this IDL to distribute RHdb and HuGeMap maps. The IDL will co-evolve with the needs of the mapping community. AVAILABILITY: The standard IDL for genome maps is available at http:// l. The IORs to browse maps from Infobiogen and EBI are at and CONTACT: [email protected], [email protected]  (+info)

GRASS: a server for the graphical representation and analysis of structures. (8/7649)

GRASS (Graphical Representation and Analysis of Structures Server), a new web-based server, is described. GRASS exploits many of the features of the GRASP program and is designed to provide interactive molecular graphics and quantitative analysis tools with a simple interface over the World-Wide Web. Using GRASS, it is now possible to view many surface features of biological macromolecules on either standard workstations used in macromolecular analysis or personal computers. The result is a World-Wide Web-based, platform-independent, easily used tool for macromolecular visualization and structure analysis.  (+info)

Download the Book:Human-Computer Interaction. User Interface Design Development And Multimodality: 19th International Conference Hci International 2017 V...
State-of-the-art virtual environment systems offer new flexibility in the design of experiments for active perception. Conversely, perceptual human factors issues are key to successful virtual environments. I will briefly discuss how human visually-guided behaviour can be studied with virtual reality tools as well as important human factors issues, caveats and limitations in the use of virtual reality methodology. I will also discuss recent experiments that we have been conducting to study human behaviour using multimodal immersive virtual environments.. --. Robert Allison is Professor in Electrical Engineering and Computer Science and Vice-Dean in the Lassonde School of Engineering, York University. He is also the Associate Director of the Centre for Vision Research. Allison works on perception of space and self-motion in virtual environments, the measurement and analysis of eye movements, and stereoscopic vision. His applied research enables effective technology for advanced virtual reality ...
Background: Virtual reality simulators combined with head-mounted displays enable highly immersive virtual reality (VR) for surgical skills training, potentially bridging the gap between the simulation environment and real-life operating room conditions. However, the increased complexity of the learning situation in immersive VR could potentially induce high cognitive load thereby inhibiting performance and learning. This study aims to compare cognitive load and performance in immersive VR and conventional VR simulation training. Methods: A randomized controlled trial of residents (n = 31) performing laparoscopic salpingectomies with an ectopic pregnancy in either immersive VR or conventional VR simulation. Cognitive load was estimated by secondary-task reaction time at baseline, and during nonstressor and stressor phases of the procedure. Simulator metrics were used to evaluate performance. Results: Cognitive load was increased by 66% and 58% during immersive VR and conventional VR simulation, ...
Architecting Virtual Reality Systems: 10.4018/978-1-59904-699-0.ch008: Virtual reality systems are a kind of complex software systems that need a lot of effort and resources during its development phase. Because rigid and
An architecture is provided to integrate multiple augmented reality environments to expand user experiences that might otherwise be limited in a single augmented reality environment. The architecture
Methodology for Transformation of Behavioural Cues into Social Signals in Human-Computer Interaction: 10.4018/978-1-4666-7377-9.ch007: This chapter presents the methodology for transformation of behavioural cues into Social Signals (SSs) in human-computer interaction that consists of three
Offenders with psychological problems are to be helped with a new virtual reality system that offers them treatment in a safe environment.
As geographic information systems (GIS) technology matures and develops sophisticated decision support applications, there is an increasing need to optimise human-computer interaction (HCI) aspects. Although further advances in graphic interface design and operator training are required, the principal challenge is now in the ergonomics of shared cognitive responsibility between operator and computer system. A sound and comprehensive theoretical framework is required to understand and develop this relationship. Mental modelling provides an appropriate psychological paradigm which may be applied through arranging appropriate levels of cognitive control, (modes of engagement), for GIS operations. The validation of such a theoretical model demands the use of appropriate research methodologies within a multi-disciplinary HCI in GIS research program. A substantial reference list is provided to assist research in this field.. ...
Read more about Virtual Reality System a Fun, Immersive Tool for MS Physical Therapy that allows dynamic challenges in a safe setting.
Improved human-like realism of computer opponents in racing or motion-related games is provided by using a mixture model to determine a dynamically prescribed racing line that the AI driver is to follow for a given segment of the race track. This dynamically prescribed racing line may vary from segment to segment and lap to lap, roughly following an ideal line with some variation. As such, the AI driver does not appear to statically follow the ideal line perfectly throughout the race. Instead, within each segment of the course, the AI drivers path may smoothly follow a probabilistically-determined racing line defined relative to at least one prescribed racing line. Distributed User Interfaces: Designing Interfaces for the Distributed Ecosystem (Human-Computer Interaction Series) (9781447171744) and a great selection of similar New, Used and Collectible Books available now at great prices.
CiteSeerX - Scientific documents that cite the following paper: Virtual reality system with integrated sound field simulation and reproduction
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Human-Computer Interaction (HCI) raises demand of convenience, endurance, responsiveness and naturalness. This paper describes a design of a compact wearable low-power HCI equipment applied to gesture recognition. System combines multi-mode sense signals: the vision sense signal and the motion sense signal, and the equipment is equipped with the depth camera and the motion sensor. The dimension (40 mm × 30 mm) and structure is compact and portable after tight integration. System is built on a module layered framework, which contributes to real-time collection (60 fps), process and transmission via synchronous confusion with asynchronous concurrent collection and wireless Blue 4.0 transmission. To minimize equipments energy consumption, system makes use of low-power components, managing peripheral state dynamically, switching into idle mode intelligently, pulse-width modulation (PWM) of the NIR LEDs of the depth camera and algorithm optimization by the motion sensor. To test this equipments ...
The HCII 2020 proceedings deal with current developments in human-computer interaction in general. The HCI thematic focus is on topics such as gesture-based interaction; speech, voice, conversation and emotions; multimodal interaction; and human robot interaction.
The three-volume set LNCS 10277-10279 constitutes the refereed proceedings of the11th International Conference on Universal Access in Human-Computer Interaction, UAHCI 2017, held as part of the 19th I
Poststroke hemiplegic patients often show altered weight distribution with balance disorders, increasing their risk of fall. Conventional balance training, though powerful, suffers from scarcity of trained therapists, frequent visits to clinics to get therapy, one-on-one therapy sessions, and monotony of repetitive exercise tasks. Thus, technology-assisted balance rehabilitation can be an alternative solution. Here, we chose virtual reality as a technology-based platform to develop motivating balance tasks. This platform was augmented with off-the-shelf available sensors such as Nintendo Wii balance board and Kinect to estimate ones center of mass (CoM). The virtual reality-based CoM-assisted balance tasks (Virtual CoMBaT) was designed to be adaptive to ones individualized weight-shifting capability quantified through CoM displacement. Participants were asked to interact with Virtual CoMBaT that offered tasks of varying challenge levels while adhering to ankle strategy for weight shifting. To
A key part of the book is its extensive development of applications and graphical illustrations, drawing on such fields as the physical sciences, macroeconomics, finance, business logistics management, and medicine. Despite such tremendous diversity of usage, in terms of applications and diagramming notations, the book classifies and organizes diagrams around six major themes: system topology; sequence and flow; hierarchy and classification; association; cause and effect; and logic reasoning. Readers will benefit from the authors discussion of how diagrams can be more than just a static picture or representation and how diagrams can be a central part of an intelligent user interface, meant to be manipulated and modified, and in some cases, utilized to infer solutions to difficult problems.. This book is ideal for many different types of readers: practitioners and researchers in AI and human-computer interaction; business and computing professionals; graphic designers and designers of graphical ...
How is Joint Interface Simulation Training System abbreviated? JOISTS stands for Joint Interface Simulation Training System. JOISTS is defined as Joint Interface Simulation Training System very rarely.
An editing system has a graphical user interface that shows media/metadata and metadata/metadata relationships and allows a user to navigate a graph defined by these relationships. Using this graphical user interface, a user may determine, for example, which masterclips are used in a sequence, or which sequences are using those masterclips. Such information can be useful for many purposes. For example, by identifying all masterclips used in a sequence, the media files associated with these masterclips can be readily recaptured in a different format. The graphical user interface provides simple navigation of such relationships by using two panes. Each pane may receive and display indications of any media data or metadata object type defined in the problem domain. In an editing system, such object types may include objects such as projects, sequences, clips and media files. Each of the object types has bidirectional and many-to-many relationships defined with other object types and many relationships can
Background: User-centered design (UCD) methodologies can help take the needs and requirements of potential end-users into account during the development of innovative telecare products and services. Understanding how members of multidisciplinary development teams experience the UCD process might help to gain insight into factors that members with different backgrounds consider critical during the development of telecare products and services. Objective: The primary objective of this study was to explore how members of multidisciplinary development teams experienced the UCD process of telecare products and services. The secondary objective was to identify differences and similarities in the barriers and facilitators they experienced. Methods: Twenty-five members of multidisciplinary development teams of four Research and Development (R&D) projects participated in this study. The R&D projects aimed to develop telecare products and services that can support self-management in elderly people or
Globe Group, a company under the brand Greenworks Tools, is one of the industry leaders in battery-powered outdoor equipment, developing tools that deliver the performance of a gasoline-powered tool without the hassle and emissions associated with it. Gasoline-powered tools are still prevalent in the field of arboriculture where arborists work daily with chainsaws while performing tree felling and pruning.. Now a new type of chainsaw is in development by Globe Group which is characterized by its lightweight and large battery capacity, which brings extraordinary battery life. This feature is possible by redesigning the chainsaw to support an external battery, which is housed in a separate battery pack instead of placing the battery directly inside the tool. The aim of the project is to adapt and design the battery pack for arborists by using a user-centered design approach with focus on ergonomics. This is done by having a close cooperation with the arborists during the whole project, from ...
A training system for an article of footwear is disclosed. The training system includes a method of training an athlete to use an article of footwear with a traction system to help enhance speed and agility. The method can be implemented on a computer, mobile device or as an instruction booklet. The training system provides a total training solution for an athlete that is designed to enhance specific athletic skills.
He is Editor in Chief of ACM Transactions on Computer-Human Interaction and on the editorial boards of several other journals and book series, including Human-Computer Interaction, Computer Supported Cooperative Work, and Information Systems Research, leading journals in their areas. He co-wrote and edited the widely used Readings in Human-Computer Interaction: Toward the New Millenium. Active in both human-computer interaction and computer supported cooperative work since these fields emerged, he has published over 100 papers on a range of topics. For the past ten years, his two primary research topics have been the adoption and use of technology in organizations, and the design and use of multimedia systems.. ROBERT DE HOOG is Professor of Information and Knowledge Management at Twente University, and Associate Professor of Social Science Informatics at the University of Amsterdam. Since the mid 1980's he has been involved in many projects in the area of artificial intelligence, expert ...
Abstract Purpose: To investigate the feasibility of using a virtual rehabilitation system with intuitive user interface and force feedback to improve the skills in activities of daily living (ADL). Method: A virtual training system equipped with haptic devices was developed for the rehabilitation of three ADL tasks - door unlocking, water pouring and meat cutting.…
Graphical user interfaces (GUIs) surround us in our everyday lives - with touch displays on our washing machines, thermostats and coffee makers at home and touch controls on copy machines and industrial devices at work. This trend will continue as…. ...
Called Locomotion Vault, the project was developed by researchers at the Universities of Birmingham, Copenhagen, and Microsoft Research. It aims to provide a central, freely available resource to analyze the numerous locomotion techniques currently available.. The aim is to make it easier for developers to make informed decisions about the appropriate technique for their application and researchers to study which methods are best. By cataloguing available techniques in the Locomotion Vault, the project will also give creators and designers a head-start on identifying gaps where future investigation might be necessary. The database is an interactive resource, so it can be expanded through contributions from researchers and practitioners.. Researcher Massimiliano Di Luca, of the University of Birminghams School of Psychology, said: Locomotion is an essential part of virtual reality environments, but there are many challenges. A fundamental question, for example, is whether there should be a ...
Biological exploration on genetic expression and protein synthesis in living organisms is used to discover causal and interactive relationships in biological processes. Current GeneChip microarray technology provides a platform to an- alyze up to 500,000 molecular reactions on a single chip, providing thousands of genetic and protein expression results per test. Using visualization tools and priori knowledge of genetic and protein interactions, visual networks are used to model and analyze the results. The virtual reality environment designed and implemented for this project provides visualization and data modeling tools commonly used in genetic ex- pression data analysis. The software processes normalized genetic profile data from microarray testing results and association information from protein-to- protein databases. The data is modeled using a network of nodes to represent data points and edges to show relationships. This information is visualized in virtual reality and modeled using force directed
Context. User Interfaces (UIs) intensively rely on event-driven programming: widgets send UI events, which capture users interactions, to dedicated objects called controllers. Controllers use several UI listeners that handle these events to produce UI commands. Objective. First, we reveal the presence of design smells in the code that describes and controls UIs. Second, we demonstrate that specific code analyses are necessary to analyze and refactor UI code, because of its coupling with the rest of the code. Method. We conducted an empirical study on four large Java Swing and SWT open-source software systems: Eclipse, JabRef, ArgouML, and FreeCol. We study to what extent the number of UI commands that a UI listener can produce has an impact on the change-and fault-proneness of the UI listener code. We develop a static code analysis for detecting UI commands in the code. Results. We identify a new type of design smell, called Blob listener that characterizes UI listeners that can produce more than two
Interacting with computers by using the bodily motion is one of the challenging topics in the Virtual Reality field, especially as regards the interaction with large scale virtual environments. This paper presents a device for interacting with a Virtual Reality environment that is based on the detection of the muscular activity and movements of the user by the fusion of two different signals. The idea is that through muscular activities a user is capable of moving a cursor in the virtual space, and making some actions through gestures. The device is based on an accelerometer and on electromyography, a technique that derives from the medical field and that is able to recognize the electrical activity produced by skeletal muscles during their contraction. The device consists of cheap and easy to replicate components: seven electrodes pads and a small and wearable board for the acquisition of the sEMG signals from the users forearm, a 3 DOF accelerometer that is positioned on the users wrist ...
We present a system enabling users to accurately catch a real ball while immersed in a virtual reality environment. We examine three visualizations: r...
Advanced light microscopy methods are key to many biological studies. Their ease of use depends, besides experimental aspects, on intuitive graphical user interfaces (GUI). The open-source software Micro-Manager offers a universal GUI for microscope control but requires implementing plugins to further tailor it to specific systems. However, GUIs are often tailored to a single system. Since even similar devices can have different Micro-Manager device properties, such as power percentage versus absolute power, directly transferring a GUI to another instrument usually requires changing the source-code. We developed Easier Micro-Manager User interface (EMU), a Micro-Manager plugin, to simplify building flexible and reconfigurable GUIs. EMU can be seamlessly used with the Java Swing library to create device-independent GUIs for Micro-Manager. Such GUIs are easily transferred to another microscope thanks to an intuitive configuration menu that includes mapping of the device properties to the GUI
In one embodiment, objects captured over a network can be queried using a graphical user interface. In one embodiment, the graphical user interface (GUI) includes a search editor to enable a user to author and edit a search that mines objects captured by a capture system. In one embodiment, the graphical user also includes a capture rule editor a to enable a user to author and edit a capture rule used by the capture system to intercept objects transmitted over a network.
2019 Journal of Advanced Pharmacy Education & Research. Objective: To study the efficiency of usage of immersive virtual reality with proprioceptive sensory effects for the rehabilitation of the static locomotor function of patients in the acute period of ischemic stroke. Material and methods: The study involved 33 patients in the acute period of ischemic stroke in the carotid system. The patients were randomized into two groups, the study group additionally received classes under immersive virtual reality with a sensory impact. The course consisted of 10 classes of 15 minutes each. Results. According to the Berg balance scale, on the 6th day of classes (p = 0.03), an improvement in the static-locomotor function was detected in the study group. On the last day of the rehabilitation course, the patients from the group subjected to the course demonstrated an improvement in the static locomotor function by 23 points (95% CI 13-27 points) in the study population and by 7 points (95% CI 2-13 points) ...
Research Paper Title Human Factors Guidance for Designers of Interactive 3D and Games-Based Training Systems. Background This is the second edition of the Human Factors (HF) Guidelines for Interactive 3D (i3D) and Games-Based Training Systems Design, published in 2012 (1st Edition published in 2008). The author states the motivation for publishing such a document came about due to a realisation that technology…
In this study a within-subjects design was used. Each participant played both versions of the game: tilting user interface and walking user interface. The playing order was randomized. The tasks in the game were exactly the same in both versions.. 4.1 Participants. This study was executed as part of the Tampere University of Technologys User-centered design course in the beginning of 2015. The course is a part of the Masters Degree Programme in information technology.. Overall 45 students participated in the user experience study in which the two user interface solutions were compared. From these 45 students 9 were left out as they did not play both games or filled in the user experience questionnaires inadequately. Of the remaining 36 participants 12 were females and 24 males while the average age was 38.5 years. Even though primary end users of the game are school children of age 11-14, this study was conducted with university students. This was intentional as they should master the ...
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The present invention enables a computer user to select a function represented via a graphical user interface by speaking command related to the function into audio processing circuitry. A voice recognition program interprets the spoken words to determine the function that is desired for execution. The user may use the cursor to identify an element on the graphical user interface display or speak the name of that element. The computer responds to the identification of the element by displaying a menu of the voice commands associated with that element.
Success in designing user interfaces for complex computer systems will, in large part, determine the success of the systems as a whole. Information from within the field of human-computer interaction is presented and applied within the domain of computer-controlled audio systems. This includes the design of visual and tactile displays, alternative input devices and input mappings, stimulus response compatibility, customization, and intelligent interfaces. The presentation will focus on...
To date, though, Virtual Reality devices have not been able to stimulate simultaneously all five senses with a high degree of realism. But with funding from the Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council, scientists from the Universities of York and Warwick believe they have been able to pinpoint the necessary expertise to make this possible, in a project called
The first idea that often comes to mind about contrast is something black and white. In the absence of shades and multiple colors, monochrome image uses contrast as the main booster of expressive potential. And that works the same way in user interfaces. Even more, comparing to the pieces of art or photography, contrast not only influences the aestheticism but also has a significant impact on usability and navigability of the layout. Therefore, wise usage of contrast is the powerful method of making websites and apps user-friendly and easy to use.. Surely, it doesnt mean that only black-and-white UI is the most effective. It wouldnt be wise to get limited so much when users globally present such a diversity of wishes and needs. However, «black-and-white» testing, already mentioned in the previous part, is highly helpful. Designers should keep in mind that colorful interfaces can look different on different screens and resolutions. Moreover, low contrast can make the interface hard to use for ...
USING an inventive new method in which mice run through a virtual reality environment based on the video game Quake, researchers from Princeton University have made the first direct measurements of the cellular activity associated with spatial navigation. The method will allow for investigations of the neural circuitry underlying navigation, and should lead to a…. ...
This thesis introduces a hierarchical model for unsupervised learning from naturalistic video sequences. The model is based on the principles of slowness and sparseness. Different approaches and implementations for these principles are discussed. A variety of neuron classes in the hippocampal formation of rodents and primates codes for different aspects of space surrounding the animal, including place cells, head direction cells, spatial view cells and grid cells. In the main part of this thesis, video sequences from a virtual reality environment are used for training the hierarchical model. The behavior of most known hippocampal neuron types coding for space are reproduced by this model. The type of representations generated by the model is mostly determined by the movement statistics of the simulated animal. The model approach is not limited to spatial coding. An application of the model to invariant object recognition is described, where artificial clusters of spheres or rendered fish are ...
Methods and computer program products utilizing a graphical user interface for navigating concepts found in data produced by intellectuals in a knowledge discovery process are disclosed. The present invention utilizes a graphical user interface and related facilities for enabling community-based contributions in identifying associations between concepts disclosed by intellectuals. The present inventions approach results in having concepts mapped to authors and tools for linking related concepts with groups of intellectuals and/or contributors.
From within the rendering program, we can then position and define the lights and cameras. Lights of various sorts make the now-textured surfaces visible with the proper reflectance and shadowing. Cameras are surrogate eyes--viewpoints corresponding to places from which higher resolution renderings can be generated; they are also helpful for studying the model from key angles or at important locations. We are still within a modeling and rendering program, so there is no free movement within the computer model, as there is in a virtual reality environment. However, within the rendering program, we can set up a path along which a camera can be set to move. We then set the speed that the camera moves along the path (akin to walking speed, for example) and the length in seconds that the camera should move. That tells the software how many individual frames it must render (which could easily number several hundred or thousand). The computer then begins to render each frame in sequence. When the ...
One disadvantage of the client/server computing model is the clients strong dependence on the server. A system and method are disclosed for enabling a client application to operate offline from the server. For each request, the client application registers a request entry with a scheduler, informing the scheduler of an associated application callback. The scheduler then invokes this application callback when a network connection is available for use, and the client application then sends the request to the server. Error recovery methods are described for requests that are sent to the server but for which no reply is received, and for other error scenarios. Some applications may maintain client-side caches to lookup information independently of the server. Synchronization entries may be registered with the scheduler for keeping the client-side cache in sync with the server-side master data.
There is a considerable body of research showing that eye contact is a key component of social interaction. Not only are people more aroused when they are looked at directly, but if you consistently look at the person you speak to, you will have much more social influence over that person than you would if you averted your gaze.. The problem arises when you address a group of people. How do you pick who to engage visually? Most public speakers are encouraged to look around the room, alternating eye contact with individuals in the audience. But theres no way to look at everyone at once - so some of your potential social influence will by necessity be lost.. Now, a team led by Jeremy Bailenson has figured out a way to get around that limitation. In a virtual reality environment, there is no need for the representations of other people to be consistent. Since each individuals virtual experience is generated separately, in a room full of people, each person could experience the phenomenon of ...
"Summary of Spiral Model" (PDF). Nielsen, J. (1993). "Iterative User Interface Design". IEEE Computer. 26 (11): 32-41. doi: ... The typical steps of iterative design in user interfaces are as follows: Complete an initial interface design Present the ... While this includes testing the product for functionality outside of the user interface, important feedback on the interface ... test users Note any problems had by the test user Refine interface to account for/fix the problems Repeat steps 2-4 until user ...
interface to personal computers: Since the late 1990s, most pumps can interface with personal computers for managing and ... Since the pump user is responsible to manually start a bolus, this provides an opportunity for the user to pre-bolus to improve ... An insulin pump user can influence the profile of the rapid-acting insulin by shaping the bolus. Users can experiment with ... On many insulin pumps, this history can be uploaded to a computer and graphed for trend analysis.[citation needed] ...
Apple Computer, Inc. (1984). "User Interface". Inside Macintosh, Volume I. Roberta Mancini, Alan Dix and Stefano Levialdi. 2006 ... When multiple users can edit the same document simultaneously, a multi-user undo is needed. Global multi-user undo reverts the ... "A selective undo mechanism for graphical user interfaces based on command objects". ACM Transactions on Computer-Human ... and the user interface for interacting with the user. In most Microsoft Windows applications, the keyboard shortcut for the ...
Desktop environment, the graphical user interface to the computer. *File manager. *Integrated environment ... Usually the user interface is text-based or graphical, rather than a command-line interface (e.g., DOS or the Unix shell), ... which is often the interface of the underlying operating system. In the mid 1980s, text-based and graphical user interface ... In computer software, an operating environment or integrated applications environment is the environment in which users run ...
Lisa Napoli (October 14, 1997). "Wearable Computers: The User Interface Is You". New York Times. Retrieved January 30, 2013. ... computers, reality can meet society's expectations ... an ideal wearable computer would not only provide a seamless interface ... He served in the US Navy for fifteen years, before becoming a senior business executive in the computer industry. Jackson is ... He later graduated from the Naval War College with an MA National Security & Strategic Studies degree and an MSEE in Computer ...
1995) [1988]. Human-computer interface design (2nd ed.). - (1994). Business information systems. - (2002). User-Centred ... 2003). Designing multisensory user interfaces. Lawrence Erlbaum Associates. Articles, a selection: - (2000). "Requirements ... user interface design and safety-critical systems. Sutcliffe received his MA in Natural Sciences from the University of ... His research spans "software engineering, human computer interaction, cognitive and social science, with recent interests in ...
1770 Disc Interface (PDF). Acorn Computers Limited. Retrieved 6 March 2021. 1770 Disc Interface Upgrade Kit Fitting ... ADFS upgrade (PDF). Acorn Computers Limited. Retrieved 6 March 2021. The Electron Plus 3 User Guide (PDF). Acorn Computers ... A system module called "ADFS" provides no more than the block driver and user interfaces, where the "FileCore" module contains ... It interfaced to a ST506/ST412-based Winchester unit via the BBC Micro's 1 MHz Bus, an Acorn-designed interface card (1 MHz Bus ...
"User interface is customer service for the computer." Larson-Green grew up in Maple Falls, in Whatcom County, Washington. ... Following Visual C++, she worked on the user experience for IE 3.0 and 4.0 and then, in 1997, moved to the Office team to work ... Larson-Green notably managed the implementation of ribbons in Microsoft Office 2007, replacing the menu-driven interface with ...
... and graphical user interface elements on a dark background and is often discussed in terms of computer user interface design ... Originally, computer user interfaces were formed on CRTs. The phosphor was normally a very dark color, and lit up brightly when ... There are many mechanisms of web architecture that allow designs to work well with any color scheme a user might prefer. This ... there was similar dispute between users.[citation needed] However, recent research by Popular Science proves that "Dark mode is ...
The tool was also used to explore computer interfaces in public spaces. The project's success led it to be installed in the ... Russell joined IBM in 2000, where he managed a research group in the User Sciences and Experience Research (USER) lab at the ... and human-computer interfaces. While developing AI technology at Xerox PARC, Russell realized that sophisticated technology was ... He then worked in the User Interface Research group, led by Stuart Card, which studied the uses of information visualization ...
Intracortical recording stability in human brain-computer interface users. Downey JE1, Schwed N, Chase SM, Schwartz AB, ... EEG has the potential for long term use as a brain-computer interface, because the electrodes can be kept on the scalp ... Brain-computer interfaces for speech communication. Speech Communication, 52(4), 367-379. Ganesh, A, Cervantes, A J and Kennedy ... Submitted to Computer Speech and Language 2020 Kennedy, P. R., Kirby, M. T., Moore, M. M., King, B., & Mallory, A. (2004). ...
Nakatani, L. H., John A Rohrlich; Rohrlich, John A. (1983). Soft Machines: A Philosophy of User-Computer Interface Design. ... Gesture-enhanced single-touch Lemur Input Device Gesture recognition Human-Computer Interaction Natural User Interface Pen ... 10/GUI is a proposed new user interface paradigm. Created in 2009 by R. Clayton Miller, it combines multi-touch input with a ... "User Interfaces For Simultaneous Group Collaboration Through Multi-Touch Devices". Purdue University. p. 17. Retrieved 2012-06- ...
A user interface "allows users to interact with a computer." Either a command-line interface (CLI) or, since the 1980s a ... Other examples are Chrome OS and Firefox OS where the browser functions as the only user interface and the only way to run ... In the late 1940s, the early days of computing, most application software was custom-written by computer users to fit their ... graphical user interface (GUI). This is the part of the operating system the user directly interacts with, it is considered an ...
Human-Computer Interaction and Software Engineering for User Interface Plasticity. In Jacko, J. A. (Eds.), Human computer ... Interacting with computers, 15(3), p. 289-308. Thevenin, D., & Coutaz J. (1999). Plasticity of User Interfaces: Framework and ... Bass, L. J., & Coutaz, J. (1991). Developing software for the user interface. SEI Series in Software Engineering, Addison- ... CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link) "USer Interface eXtensible Mark-up Language". ITEA 2. Retrieved 3 April 2018. CS1 maint ...
Atari Home Computer System: Serial Input/Output Interface (PDF). 1980. De Re Atari. Atari. 1981. Decuir, Joe. "Interview with ... This allowed the user to press play or play and record without the tape beginning to move. When the appropriate command was ... Now the computer could have normal slots; like the Apple II, the RF portion would be entirely external and could be tested on ... This allowed users to record normal sounds on the left channel and then have them play through the television. This was often ...
"Printed Embedded Data Graphical User Interfaces" (PDF). IEEE Computer. Xerox Palo Alto Research Center. 34 (3): 47-55. doi: ... Keyboard interface scanners connect to a computer using a PS/2 or AT keyboard-compatible adaptor cable (a "keyboard wedge"). ... Collins then quit Sylvania and formed the Computer Identics Corporation. As its first innovations, Computer Identics moved from ... The barcode's data is sent to the computer as if it had been typed on the keyboard. Like the keyboard interface scanner, USB ...
CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link) "Goblin XNA". Columbia University Computer Graphics & User Interfaces Lab. 2009-01-30. ...
Raman, T. V. (1997). Auditory user interfaces: toward the speaking computer. Boston: Kluwer Academic Publishers. p. 107. doi: ... In "The Equator" the term Tag for user-input was described as an abstract literal or keyword to aid the user. However, users ... On websites that aggregate the tags of all users, an individual user's tags can be useful both to them and to the larger ... People were using textual keywords to classify information and objects long before computers. Computer based search algorithms ...
ARMAR:Augmented Reality for Maintenance and Repair (ARMAR). Columbia University Computer Graphics & User Interfaces Lab. BMW ... reality contact lenses that places images of both the physical world and registered virtual graphical objects over the user's ...
He directs the Columbia University Computer Graphics and User Interface Lab. Feiner earned a bachelor's degree from Brown ... Steven K. Feiner is an American computer scientist, serving as Professor for computer science at Columbia University in the ... and 3D user interfaces". IEEE VR (2014). "IEEE VGTC 2014 Virtual Reality Career Award". Retrieved 2016-03-31. CS1 maint: ... He is well-known for his research in augmented reality (AR), and co-author of Computer Graphics: Principles and Practice. ...
Repairing The First User Friendly Computer Interface". Antic. Riley, Tom; Riley, Kelda (1983). The Computer Controller Cookbook ... IBM PC compatible computers which did not have Atari joystick ports replaced other home computer models, and console ... The Atari joystick port is a computer port used to connect various gaming controllers to game console and home computer systems ... Atari port adapters were common, and several devices emerged including the Kempston Interface and ZX Interface 2 that were ...
His main interest was development of computer graphics and user interface. Simultaneously as associate professor he was a ... Marek Bernard Hołyński (born 1947) - Polish computer science specialist, expert in the field of computer graphics. Graduate of ... User-adaptive computer graphics "Email from Silicon Valley" (book in polish)[permanent dead link]. ... Author of a book "Art and Computers". While he was at a conference in 1981, the communist government of Poland declared martial ...
The product used a Macintosh Plus computer as its user interface. One of the features that set Doremi's DAWN apart is its ... The product built a faithful following owing to its friendly user interface which emulates existing paper based workflow. In ... which allow users to have a low cost high definition monitoring system using computer displays. This innovative product was ...
If the user looks at a building or a person's face, the computer will provide information through a "heads-up-display" beamed ... They allow direct interface with computers, communications and Internet-based applications. The implants are also capable of ... Computer peripherals use wireless communication. People can talk to their computer to give commands. Computer displays built ... The VR glasses will also have built-in computers featuring "virtual assistant" programs that can help the user with various ...
Performance Characteristics and the Effects on the User Interface". IEEE Computer Graphics and Applications. 7 (4): 31-44. doi: ... Feature phones and basic mobile phones tend to use a proprietary, custom-designed software and user interface. By contrast, ... The developing world is home to about 826 million female internet users and 980 million male internet users. The developed ... The first SMS message was sent from a computer to a mobile phone in 1992 in the UK while the first person-to-person SMS from ...
Performance Characteristics and the Effects on the User Interface". IEEE Computer Graphics and Applications. 7 (4): 31-44. doi: ... "iPhone Users Earn Higher Income, Engage More on Apps than Android Users". Comscore, Inc. "Want to Appear Rich? Buy an iPhone". ... computer systems and color screens. Smartphone users purchase additional chargers for use outside the home, at work, and in ... moderate and high users". Computers in Human Behavior. 37: 290-297. doi:10.1016/j.chb.2014.05.002. Hookham, Mark; Togoh, Isabel ...
"The User Interface for Sapphire" (PDF). IEEE Computer Graphics and Applications. 4 (12): 13-23. doi:10.1109/MCG.1984.6429376.. ... It is a type of graphical user interface (GUI) which implements the WIMP (windows, icons, menus, pointer) paradigm for a user ... A windowing system enables the computer user to work with several programs at the same time. Each program presents its GUI in ... The display server is a key component in any graphical user interface, specifically the windowing system. One example of a ...
Task Models and Diagrams for Users Interface Design. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer. 4385: 137 ... "Automatic Generation of User Interface Models and Prototypes from Domain and Use Case Models", User Interfaces, InTech, doi: ... Notably, the Wisdom method identifies for each use case the tasks of the user, the interaction spaces of the user interface, ... revealing that there is positive effect in the usage of iUCP when compared to UCP when considering the user interface design, a ...
Patch editors allow users to program their equipment through the computer interface. These became essential with the appearance ... A computer MIDI interface's main function is to match clock speeds between the MIDI device and the computer. Some computer ... Retro Innovations also makes a MIDI interface cartridge for Tandy Color Computer and Dragon computers. Chiptune musicians also ... This allows the user to augment the device's limited patch storage with a computer's much greater disk capacity, and to share ...
Shneiderman, Ben, & Plaisant, Catherine (2010). Designing the user interface: Strategies for effective human-computer ... user interface Universal usability of commercial and e-government websites Interface solutions for older adult users and users ... The key to universal usability is recognizing the diversity of user population and user needs. There is no "average" user on ... Computer keyboard that accommodate the physical differences between user, e.g. distance between keys, size of keys, and ...
A clinician user of NIR HEG, Jeffrey Carmen, adapted Toomim's system for migraines in 2002 by integrating peripheral thermal ... The ratio of red/infrared light refraction is displayed as a visual signal on a computer monitor and may also be translated ... of red to infrared light and translates it into a visual signal of corresponding to oxygenation level on a graphical interface ... of each wavelength of light reflected by cerebral blood flow in the activated cortical tissue and send the data to a computer, ...
... the release of a stable graphical user interface (GUI) version and the production of a "hit" record and album by an independent ... Making Waves (MW) is computer software designed to produce professional quality audio from basic Windows multimedia PCs. This ... These users were all organized and mentored by Stephen John Steele, the original programmer and developer of Making Waves as ... This same dynamic user community played a significant role in the application's development, suggesting program revisions and ...
A user is a person who uses a computer or network service. Users generally use a system or a software product[1] without the ... personas are created to represent the types of users. It is sometimes specified for each persona which types of user interfaces ... End user[edit]. See also: End user. End users are the ultimate human users (also referred to as operators) of a software ... Computer systems operate in one of two types based on what kind of users they have:. *Single-user systems do not have a concept ...
... and a personal computer.[68] These researchers showed they could shut down a combination heart defibrillator and pacemaker and ... the FDA issued to regulate mobile medical applications and protect users from their unintended use, soon followed by European ... BMET mainly act as an interface between doctor and equipment. Academic resourcesEdit. *Medical & Biological Engineering & ... computer scientists proved that pacemakers and defibrillators can be hacked wirelessly via radio hardware, an antenna, ...
Computer Graphics and User Interfaces Lab at Columbia University. *High Performance Computer Graphics Lab at Purdue University ... History of Computer Graphics series of articles. University groups[edit]. *Computer Graphics Usability and Visualization Group ... Computer Graphics and Visualization Lab at University of Utah. *Computer Graphics and Visualization Lab at University of ... Computer graphics is a sub-field of computer science which studies methods for digitally synthesizing and manipulating visual ...
Wheelbase chairs are powered or manual wheelchairs with specially molded seating systems interfaced with them for users with a ... Usually, a smart wheelchair is controlled via a computer, has a suite of sensors and applies techniques in mobile robotics, but ... Smart wheelchairs are designed for a variety of user types. Some are designed for users with cognitive impairments, such as ... While almost all wheelchair users will use a wheelchair cushion, some users need more extensive postural support. This can be ...
The new interface provides many new user interface features and the ability to include user-selected applications/applets in ... raising concerns that local replicas might expose too much confidential data on laptops or insecure home office computers, but ... IBM Notes 9 continued the evolution of the user interface to more closely align with modern application interfaces found in ... resulting in changes in the IBM Notes client experience in the primary and new notes user interface. This new interface runs in ...
Journal of the Royal Society Interface, and Interface Focus. ... In August 2011, users uploaded over 18,500 articles to the ... the Publishing Section acquired its first computer for administration; the Transactions were first published online in 1997.[3] ...
Computer History Museum. 2000.. *^ Hruska, Joel (2 February 2016). "Seagate faces class-action lawsuit over 3TB hard drive ... If either the drive or the media is dirty, users may experience the buzz of death when attempting to access the drive. ... The Hardware/Software Interface. Section 6.12. Elsevier. pp. 613-. ISBN 978-0-08-088613-8.. - "...disk manufacturers argue that ... Sony,[9] HP with their HP 3D DriveGuard[10] and Toshiba[11] have released similar technology in their notebook computers. ...
The computer needed to be electrically frugal. It needed characteristics that permitted easy interface to standard SSI and MSI ... F8 Microprocessor, Fairchild Semiconductor, 1975 F8 Fairbug User's Guide, Fairchild Micro Systems, September 15, 1976 User's ... The user only sees one program counter and one data counter. There are no restrictions in the F8 for how memory addresses are ... The patent document US4086626 lists David H. Chung as the inventor of the computer that we know as the Fairchild F8. The filing ...
Computers and mobile technologyEdit. Access technology such as screen readers, screen magnifiers and refreshable Braille ... In addition to making rules about who can and cannot use a cane, some governments mandate the right-of-way be given to users of ... Gregor, P., Newell, A.F., Zajicek, M. (2002). Designing for Dynamic Diversity - interfaces for older people. Proceedings of the ... They use computers with special hardware such as scanners and refreshable Braille displays as well as software written ...
"Computer Gaming World. p. 42. Retrieved 1 November 2013.. *^ Richard H. Riley (2008). Chapter 38: Society for Simulation in ... Using this approach, users can engage in proper medical training as if a live patient was being used without subjecting the ... With true respiratory gas exchange, PediaSIM HPS inhales oxygen and exhales CO2, interfaces with real clinical monitors and ... With the help of a UCSD School of Medicine student, Computer Gaming World reported that Surgeon (1986) for the Apple Macintosh ...
Brain-computer interface. *Electroencephalography. *Mind uploading *Brain-reading. *Neuroinformatics. *Neuroprosthetics *Bionic ... one of the largest diesel fuel users in the world.[98] A group of Spanish developers working for a company called Ecofasa ...
Signal leakage can be severe if there is poor contact at the interface to connectors at either end of the cable or if there is ... RG-62 is a 93 Ω coaxial cable originally used in mainframe computer networks in the 1970s and early 1980s (it was the cable ... However, the RG-series designations were so common for generations that they are still used, although critical users should be ... In 1980s and early 1990s coaxial cable was also used in computer networking, most prominently in Ethernet networks, where it ...
... to a wireless computer system it developed to assist nursing.[88] ... User interface. People. *Jacques Bertin. *Stuart Card. *Thomas A. DeFanti. *Michael Friendly ...
For the user interfaces (UIs) involved, how many concurrent users are expected for each (specify peak vs. nominal)? ... computers that simulate real users) should either inject load over the same mix of connections (ideal) or simulate the network ... For example, if 50% of a system's user base will be accessing the system via a 56K modem connection and the other half over a ... It is always helpful to have a statement of the likely peak number of users that might be expected to use the system at peak ...
In creating a great user experience - and to avoid user interface traps - it's important to display the same content on ... A mobile broadband modem "tethers" the smartphone to one or more computers or other end-user devices to provide access to the ... Location of mobile user: *If advertisements reach phone users in private locations, users find them more distressful (Banerjee ... Many users in Europe and the United States are already users of the fixed internet when they first try the same experience on a ...
User: Wiki: Do you want to use the wikipedia conscious interface?. User: OK. Wiki: Verbose option?. User: OK ... produce a computer model of (a process). (SOED mid-20th Century usage). If the AC machine were to contribute to its own ... User:OK. Note that I had the Use your name when talking to you option turned off in my Preferences, which the conscious ... User: [logs in]. Wiki: Someone vandalised all your pages last night, and I've put out an alert to the sysops to get the ...
... like the user interface, terminal control, disk file system, and attachment of other computers, served as operational ... Scientific users quickly embraced the concept of time-sharing, and pressured computer vendors such as IBM for improved time- ... Time-sharing let users interact directly with a computer, so that calculation and simulation results could be seen immediately ... AFIPS Computer Conference 30 (Spring Joint Computer Conference, 1967), pp. 611-21. ― [Describes the experimental IBM M44/44X, ...
An example of that would be how the user interface in such an application package as an office suite grows to have common look ... "Framework (computer science)" redirects here. For other uses, see Framework (disambiguation).. In computer science, a software ... extensibility: A user can extend the framework - usually by selective overriding; or programmers can add specialized user code ... the newer/evolved suite can be a product that shares integral utility libraries and user interfaces. ...
Category:Brain-computer interfacing. *Category:Central nervous system neurons. *Category:Human behavior ... ITK-SNAP an interactive software application that allows users to navigate three-dimensional medical images, manually delineate ... It is considered a branch of computer science that is a subset of computer graphics. Brain mapping is a leading beneficiary of ... Blob detection an area in computer vision, A blob is a region of a digital image in which some properties (such as brightness ...
Text user interface. *IBM PC compatibles. *DOS on IBM PC compatibles. Hidden categories: *Articles needing additional ... For computers in the 1980s, very fast manipulation of the text buffer, with the hardware generating the individual pixels as ... Some text-based interfaces, such as that of Impulse Tracker, went to even greater lengths to provide a smoother and more ... The implementation of computer monitor text mode on VGA-compatible hardware is quite complex. Its use on PC-compatible ...
... a user interface for the input/output of mathematical expressions, a large set of routines to perform usual operations, like ... In mathematics and computer science,[1] computer algebra, also called symbolic computation or algebraic computation, is a ... At the beginning of computer algebra, circa 1970, when the long-known algorithms were first put on computers, they turned out ... Some authors use symbolic computation for the computer science aspect of the subject and "computer algebra" for the ...
Computer Graphics Metafile (CGM) (file format for 2D vector graphics, raster graphics, and text defined by ISO/IEC 8632[41]) ... it is public, and its use is available on a free [gratis] basis, or at a cost that does not imply a difficulty for the user. ... Standardized interfaces are not hidden, or controlled other than by the SDO promulgating the standard. ... Maximize End-User Choice: Open Standards create a fair, competitive market for implementations of the standard. They do not ...
Small Computer System Interface (SCSI), originally named SASI for Shugart Associates System Interface, was standard on servers ... Older compact Macintosh computers did not have user-accessible hard drive bays (indeed, the Macintosh 128K, Macintosh 512K, and ... Patterson, David; Hennessy, John (1971). Computer Organization and Design: The Hardware/Software Interface. Elsevier. p. 23.. ... A current widely used standard for the "buffer-to-computer" interface is 3.0 Gbit/s SATA, which can send about 300 megabyte/s ( ...
Computer Modern (commonly known as "the TeX font") is freely available in Type 1 format, as are the AMS math fonts. Users of ... in a command-line interpreter, or by calling it from a graphical user interface) will create an output file called myfile.dvi, ... The TeX Users Group represents the interests of TeX users worldwide. The TeX Users Group publishes the journal TUGboat three ... Texmaker is the Pure Qt equivalent of Kile, with a user interface that is nearly the same as Kile's. ...
This was also the reason that costs remained high, because space users were willing to pay for the best possible cells, leaving ... Nanostructured interfaces, sometimes in the form of bulk heterojunctions, can improve performance.[94] ... which is used in computer chips as well as solar panels). The recession of 2008 and the onset of Chinese manufacturing caused ... This texture effect as well as the interaction with other interfaces in the PV module is a challenging optical simulation task ...
Ddbg can be used with various IDEs or from the command line; ZeroBUGS has its own graphical user interface (GUI). ... Computer programming portal. *Ddoc. *D Language Foundation. References[edit]. *^ a b "D Change Log to Nov 7 2005". D ... D can interface directly with these languages as well, using standard C bindings (with a thin D interface file). For example, ... "Tango for D2: All user modules ported". Retrieved 16 February 2012.. *^ Walter Bright. "Re: GitHub or dsource?". Retrieved 15 ...
"PC Econet Interface". Retrieved 25 November 2014. "AUN - Acorn Universal Networking" (PDF). Acorn Computers. ... List of device bandwidths "Acorn Access+ User Guide" (PDF). Acorn Computers. 1994. Retrieved 26 November 2014. Hemminger, ... Earlier that year Barson Computers, Acorn's Australian computer distributor, had released the BBC Microcomputer with floppy ... An "Ecolink" ISA interface card for IBM-compatible PCs was available. It used Microsoft's MS-NET Redirector for MS-DOS to ...
Brain-computer interface. *Electroencephalography. *Mind uploading *Brain-reading. *Neuroinformatics. *Neuroprosthetics *Bionic ... In the US, Verizon Communications provides a FTTH service called FiOS to select high-ARPU (Average Revenue Per User) markets ... This type of communication can transmit voice, video, and telemetry through local area networks, computer networks, or across ... The information transmitted is typically digital information generated by computers, telephone systems and cable television ...
The sole FIGURE is a front view of our graphical user interface for computer screen showing our new design. ... The ornamental design for a graphical user interface for computer screen, as shown and described. ... USD605654 - Graphical user interface for ... The broken line showing of a computer screen is included for the purpose of showing environmental structure and forms no part ...
User interface experts refer to all this extra material-the operating systems borders, menus, and widgets-as "chrome," and the ... Why are Apple, Google, and Facebook eradicating a linchpin of user interface design?. By Farhad Manjoo ... computer users of the world, to stand up for your right to see where you are in a document. Disappearing scrollbars represented ... This is a maddening trend, and I dont know whats come over the interface designers of the world-its as if theyve been ...
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Nakatsus research interests center on intelligent user interfaces, computer simulation modeling, and the management of ... In particular, the book emphasizes how diagrammatic user interfaces can help us better understand and visualize artificial ... graphic designers and designers of graphical user interfaces; and just about anyone interested in understanding the power of ... publication of Diagrammatic Reasoning in AI marks an important milestone for anyone seeking to design graphical user interfaces ...
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This chapter aims to help user interface designers and developers understand the issues involved in multi-device interactive ... Adaptive Design User Experience (UX) Design Mobile User Experience (UX) Design User Interface Design Human-Computer Interaction ... 39.7 Vocal Interfaces. Vocal interfaces can play an important role in various contexts: with vision-impaired users; when users ... Sketches are used to indicate easily what the user interface should look like. Layers indicate whether a user interface part ...
Ergonomics and User Interfaces - 1, Page 133 Read Human-Computer Interaction: Ergonomics and User Interfaces now at Questia. ... Human-Computer Interaction: Ergonomics and User Interfaces - Vol. 1. Table of contents Table of contents Table of contents. * ... Human-Computer Interaction: Ergonomics and User Interfaces - Vol. 1. By Hans-Jörg Bullinger; Jürgen Ziegler , Go to book ... Small Interfaces -- a Blind Spot of the Academical Hci Community? 710 * Good Things in Small Packages: User-Interface Design ...
General & Introductory Computer Science * Programming & Software Development * Programming / User Interface Design About Face: ... New information includes discussions on mobile apps, touch interfaces, screen size considerations, and more. The new full-color ... His groundbreaking work has influenced a generation of programmers, business people, and users. ...
USD658667S1 - Graphical user interface for a computer - Google Patents. Graphical user interface for a computer Download PDF ... Computer display with graphical user interface USD732564S1 (en) * 2013-06-28. 2015-06-23. Curious.Com, Inc.. Computer display ... computer. user interface. graphical user. image. front view. Prior art date. 2010-02-25. Legal status (The legal status is an ... Display screen with a graphical user interface USD687458S1 (en) 2013-08-06. Computer screen display and portion of a computer ...
In particular, aerospace engineering, bioengineering, chemical engineering, computer engineering, electrical engineering, ... User Adapted Motor-Imaginary Brain-Computer Interface by means of EEG Channel Selection Based on Estimation of Distributed ... 1Department of Computer Science and Artificial Intelligence, University of the Basque Country UPV/EHU, Computer Science Faculty ... 2Department of Computer Architecture and Technology, University of the Basque Country UPV/EHU, Computer Science Faculty, 20018 ...
Individually adapted imagery improves brain-computer interface performance in end-users with disability. in DOAJ. DOAJ is an ... Individually adapted imagery improves brain-computer interface performance in end-users with disability.. PLoS ONE. 2015;10(5): ... Brain-computer interfaces (BCIs) translate oscillatory electroencephalogram (EEG) patterns into action. Different mental ... feed leads to significantly lower classification accuracy - in average up to 15% less - in most users with stroke or SCI. User- ...
User Interfaces in Smart Assistive Environments: Requirements, Devices, Applications: 10.4018/978-1-5225-0435-1.ch017: ... "User Interfaces in Smart Assistive Environments: Requirements, Devices, Applications." Handbook of Research on Human-Computer ... Interface: Component that mediates the relationship between two entities. For example, a user interface is a point of ... for which elderly are the typical target users. Focusing on two specific physical user-system interfaces, i.e. smart TVs and ...
... the author proposes a novel idea based on evolutionary algorithm for adaptation of the user interface in complex supervisory ... Evolutionary Based Adaptive User Interfaces in Complex Supervisory Tasks: 10.4018/978-1-60566-798-0.ch007: In this chapter, ... The interface adaptation, on the other hand, is not a straightforward task. Difficulty lies in first assessing the users state ... Evolutionary Based Adaptive User Interfaces in Complex Supervisory Tasks. Gary G. Yen (Oklahoma State University, USA). ...
EEG-powered brain computer interfaces have the potential to allow severely disabled people to operate home automation systems, ... Brain-Computer Interface Learns from Users to Help Automate Tasks, Reduce Mental Fatigue. May 20th, 2014 Editors Neurology, ... EEG-powered brain computer interfaces have the potential to allow severely disabled people to operate home automation systems, ... Incorporate different technologies, wearables, and mobile devices to enhance the user experience and interface ...
Brain-Computer Interfaces Work Best When Users and Computers Learn from Each Other. May 15th, 2018 Medgadget Editors Neurology ... Brain-computer interfaces (BCI), which are able to read brain activity and turn the data into real actions such as moving a ... have shown that by having the person and the computer that it interfaces with both learn how to work with each other can ... Electrocorticography Implant for Plug and Play Brain-Computer Control. Electronic Skin Senses Pain, Temp, Pressure as Fast as ...
This haptic interface device employs the use of inductive sensors to track the position of the users tongue. RESULT: The ... or to be used as a viable PC Human Computer Interface (HCI) by tongue control. CONCLUSION: The operating principle and set-up ... Computer Peripherals*. Disabled Persons*. Electronics / instrumentation. Equipment Design. Humans. Quadriplegia. Task ... is that the sensor employed is passive which means it requires no powered electrical sensor to be inserted into the users ...
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... displaying the document to a user, with annotations dependent on the annotation data, highlighting one or more of the instances ... preparing revised annotation data from a user and outputting output data derived from the amended annotation data. The output ... and wherein the computer-user interface means is operable to receive instructions from a user of the computer-user interface ... and wherein the computer-user interface means is operable to receive instructions from a user of the computer-user interface ...
... provides the user with a visual way of interacting with a computer and its applications. The main purpose of ... - Selection ... from Read Me First! A Style Guide for the Computer Industry, Third Edition [Book] ... Documenting Graphical User Interfaces A graphical user interface (GUI) ... A graphical user interface (GUI) provides the user with a visual way of interacting with a computer and its applications. The ...
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  • The ornamental design for a graphical user interface for computer screen, as shown and described. (
  • The sole FIGURE is a front view of our graphical user interface for computer screen showing our new design. (
  • The publication of Diagrammatic Reasoning in AI marks an important milestone for anyone seeking to design graphical user interfaces to support decision-making and problem-solving tasks. (
  • This chapter aims to help user interface designers and developers understand the issues involved in multi-device interactive applications, which can be accessed through mobile and stationary devices, even exploiting different interaction modalities (graphical, vocal, etc. (
  • A graphical user interface (GUI) provides the user with a visual way of interacting with a computer and its applications. (
  • However, the term "graphical user interface" also includes web browsers. (
  • This volume gives the reader an introduction to Input/Output Packages, Streams, Iterators, Graphical User Interface (GUI) and much more. (
  • Two contrasting design graphical user interfaces (GUIs) were developed to aid multi-level biosystem design: a GUI with feedback via performance charts that emphasized learning of parametric relationships, and a GUI with feedback via agent-based animations that emphasized learning of inter-level causalities. (
  • Two different visual interface methods, graphical- and character-based, utilize different kinds of actions. (
  • A graphical interface incorporates the use of a mouse or joystick, which translates physical motion into motion of objects on a computer screen. (
  • It could be text for DOS or UNIX commands or a graphical user interface (GUI) for a Window-based environment or web-style browser. (
  • This includes: innovative model-based and agent-based approaches, code-generators, model editors, task animators, translators, checkers, advice-giving systems and systems for graphical and multimodal user interfaces. (
  • It will be of interest to software development practitioners and researchers whose work involves human-computer interaction, design of user interfaces, frameworks for computer-aided design, formal and semi-formal methods, web services and multimedia systems, interactive applications, and graphical user and multi-user interfaces. (
  • The present invention enables a computer user to select a function represented via a graphical user interface by speaking command related to the function into audio processing circuitry. (
  • The user may use the cursor to identify an element on the graphical user interface display or speak the name of that element. (
  • The conventional way that a user interfaces with a personal computer utilizes the keyboard and a mouse for entering commands in conjunction with a graphical user interface (GUI) which displays icons, words and other graphical elements on the screen of a video monitor. (
  • The present invention enables a computer user to select display elements of a graphical user interface by speaking commands into a microphone connected to the computer. (
  • This is accomplished by a method which involves selecting a display element that is being presented by the graphical user interface on a monitor screen of the computer. (
  • FIG. 3 represents an exemplary graphical user interface image that is displayed on the screen of the computer. (
  • Usually the user interface is text-based or graphical , rather than a command-line interface (e.g. (
  • In the mid 1980s, text-based and graphical user interface operating environments surrounded DOS operating systems with a shell that turned the user's display into a menu -oriented " desktop " for selecting and running PC applications. (
  • In the mid 1980s, text-based and graphical user interface operating environments such as IBM TopView , Microsoft Windows , Digital Research 's GEM Desktop and Quarterdeck Office Systems 's DESQview surrounded DOS operating systems with a shell that turned the user's display into a menu -oriented " desktop " for selecting and running PC applications. (
  • iBioSim includes project management features and a graphical user interface that facilitate the development and maintenance of genetic circuit models as well as both experimental and simulation data records. (
  • It supports the description of UI for multiple contexts of use such as Character User Interfaces (CUIs), Graphical User Interfaces (GUIs), Auditory User Interfaces, and Multimodal User Interfaces. (
  • Dr. Nakatsu's research interests center on intelligent user interfaces, computer simulation modeling, and the management of information technology. (
  • IUI conferences are annual meetings of the intelligent interfaces community and serves as the principal international forum for reporting outstanding research and development on intelligent user interfaces. (
  • The two-volume set LNCS 9734 and 9735 constitutes the refereed proceedings of the Human Interface and the Management of Information thematic track, held as part of the 18th International Conference on Human-Computer Interaction, HCII 2016, held in Toronto, Canada, in July 2016. (
  • The author expertly demonstrates how diagrammatic representations can simplify our interaction with increasingly complex information technologies and computer-based information systems. (
  • The Encyclopedia of Human-Computer Interaction, 2nd Ed. (
  • The author has shown that the proposed method can effectively improve human-computer interaction and his approach is pragmatically a valid design for the interface adaptation in complex environments. (
  • These are opening up new possibilities for interaction, including the distribution of the UI (User Interface) amongst different devices, and implies that the UI can be split and composed, moved, copied or cloned among devices running the same or different operating systems. (
  • Interaction between humans and computers is a two-way communication. (
  • Prompts, messages, and light and sound signals are examples of computer-to-human interaction. (
  • Human Computer Interaction CSC 4730-100 User System Interface CSC 8570-001 Meeting 2 September 4, 2012. (
  • The topic should involve user interaction with small devices or the human computer interface for these devices. (
  • Automated Interaction:The Sikuli script tool actively captures the screenshot image and is able to detect changes in the interface state.Sikuli uses pattern recognition techniques to recognize various input elements such as dialogs,pull down menus and text input areas.It can simulate pointer moves,clicks and key presses to interact with these elements. (
  • These advances are opening up new possibilities for interaction, including the distribution of the UI (User Interface) among different devices. (
  • The two-volume set LNCS 10271 and 10272 constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 19th International Conference on Human-Computer Interaction, HCII 2017, held in Vancouver, BC, Canada, in July 2017. (
  • They cover the entire field of Human-Computer Interaction, addressing major advances in knowledge and effective use of computers in a variety of application areas. (
  • Similar technology also enables the user to operate an avatar in a virtual reality environment, either to train them to control a wheelchair or robot in a real environment, or for social interaction. (
  • We are a group of researchers with a passion for mobile software development and strong knowledge in human-computer interaction and sensor/actuator systems. (
  • For example, modeling techniques can describe interaction objects, tasks, and lower-level dialogs in user interfaces. (
  • In usage-centered design, the modeling task is to show how the actual presentation of a planned system and how the user interaction is supposed to happen. (
  • Brain-computer interfaces (BCIs) translate oscillatory electroencephalogram (EEG) patterns into action. (
  • While a lot of progress has been achieved in this field, BCIs are still extremely limited in what they're able to achieve and how well they respond to the user. (
  • Brain-computer interfaces (BCIs) are devices that enable people to communicate via thought alone. (
  • For decades, researchers have been experimenting with brain-computer interfaces, BCIs for short, to give deeply disabled people the power to communicate using nothing more than their minds. (
  • The computer algorithms behind the BCI look up where the different waveforms appear, figure out at which row and which column it is, and then identify the character which was selected by the user," said Müeller-Putz, who has been working with BCIs since 1999. (
  • Brain-computer interfaces (BCIs) are rapidly developing into a mainstream, worldwide research endeavor. (
  • A Review of Performance Variations in SMR-based Brain Computer Interfaces (BCIs). (
  • BCIs infer user intent via direct measures of brain activity and thus enable communication and control without movement. (
  • User Interfaces in Smart Assistive Environments: Requirements, Devices, Applications. (
  • This motivates the need of investigating suitable guidelines for the design of user-system interfaces in the field of smart assistive environments, for which elderly are the typical target users. (
  • In the introduction, we have mentioned that adaptation of the interface is deemed to be the remedy for human errors in complex environments. (
  • DUIs are concerned with the repartition of one of many elements from one or many user interfaces in order to support one or many users to carry out one or many tasks on one or many domains in one or many contexts of use - each context of use consisting of users, platforms, and environments. (
  • This books attempts to emphasize the software tool support for designing user interfaces and their underlying languages and methods, beyond traditional development environments offered by the market. (
  • Now these technologies are being improved and combined into an innovative hybrid system that will enable users to operate a robot with their thoughts alone, interact in virtual environments, remotely control lighting, heating and other devices in their homes, and more easily communicate with friends and family. (
  • This article is about computer user's applications environments. (
  • MARIA XML (Model-based lAnguage foR Interactive Applications) is a universal, declarative, multiple abstraction level, XML-based user interface markup language for modelling interactive applications in ubiquitous environments. (
  • Because application models in UML describe few aspects of user interfaces, and because the model-based user interface development environments (MB-UIDE) lack ability for modeling applications, the University of Manchester started the research project UMLi in 1998. (
  • The system learns from users' habits and tries to understand the context in which they are using it,' Mr. Miralles explains. (
  • This haptic interface device employs the use of inductive sensors to track the position of the user's tongue. (
  • Handbook of Research on Human-Computer Interfaces, Developments, and Applications. (
  • Handbook of Research on Human-Computer Interfaces, Developments, and Applications (pp. 420-443). (
  • Why are Human-Computer Interfaces Difficult to Design and Implement? (
  • Iterative design is commonly used in the development of human computer interfaces. (
  • In this study, we investigated the impact of mental tasks on binary classification performance in BCI users with central nervous system (CNS) tissue damage such as persons with stroke or spinal cord injury (SCI). (
  • Based on our recent results in able-bodied users, we hypothesized that pair-wise combination of 'brain-teaser' (e.g. mental subtraction and mental word association) and 'dynamic imagery' (e.g. hand and feet MI) tasks significantly increases classification performance of induced EEG patterns in the selected end-user group. (
  • Yen, Gary G. "Evolutionary Based Adaptive User Interfaces in Complex Supervisory Tasks. (
  • In this chapter, the author proposes a novel idea based on evolutionary algorithm for adaptation of the user interface in complex supervisory tasks. (
  • The effectiveness of these interfaces is compared through assessing the design proficiency of human users for optimization design tasks. (
  • Results from user interactions with the interfaces demonstrated that users with both interfaces improved on pre-/post-learning design tasks, and users that demonstrated an understanding of inter-level causal relationships had greater improvement. (
  • His groundbreaking work has influenced a generation of programmers, business people, and users. (
  • User interface modeling is a development technique used by computer application programmers. (
  • User interface testing usually may not prove proper implementation of software functions since the application under test is often tested as a black box. (
  • This encourages an implementation of Good Laboratory Practices (GLP) and eases interfacing to Laboratory Information Management Systems (LIMS). (
  • The EEG system works in conjunction with environmental sensors placed around the room the user would be in, feeding info like room temperature, whether doors are open or closed, and if appliances are left on. (
  • The PMA2100 Radiometers use intelligent sensor detection and data processing, allowing the user to add new sensors quickly and easily to measure different kinds of light without having to use a different meter. (
  • The proof of concept of direct neural interface technology has only emerged in the last 20 years to show that a human can have sensors placed in or on their brain that are designed to pick up signals, such as the person's intent to move, which can be sent to any number of devices, explained Justin Sanchez, a life sciences research technical fellow at Battelle. (
  • WHO HQ Library catalog › Results of search for 'su:{User-computer interface. (
  • Iterative design is connected with the practice of object-oriented programming, and the phrase appeared in computer science literature as early as 1990. (
  • The typical steps of iterative design in user interfaces are as follows: Complete an initial interface design Present the design to several test users Note any problems had by the test user Refine interface to account for/fix the problems Repeat steps 2-4 until user interface problems are resolved Iterative design in user interfaces can be implemented in many ways. (
  • One common method of using iterative design in computer software is software testing. (
  • Iterative design in online (website) interfaces is a more continual process, as website modification, after it has been released to the user, is far more viable than in software design. (
  • Iterative design is a way of confronting the reality of unpredictable user needs and behaviors that can lead to sweeping and fundamental changes in a design. (
  • Drawing in air, touchless control of virtual objects, and a modular mobile phone with snap-in sections (for lending to friends, family members, or even strangers) are among the innovative user-interface concepts to be introduced at the 30th ACM User Interface Software and Technology Symposium (UIST 2017) on October 22-25 in Quebec City, Canada. (
  • Computer-Aided Design of User Interfaces IV gathers the latest research of experts, research teams and leading organisations involved in computer-aided design of user interactive applications supported by software, with specific attention for platform-independent user interfaces and context-sensitive or aware applications. (
  • In Lotus, the First Circuit invoked Section 102(b) to find that the arrangement of menu commands presented to a software user was an uncopyrightable "'method of operation'" for the software at issue. (
  • Here we introduce PageMan, a multiplatform, user-friendly, and stand-alone software tool that annotates, investigates, and condenses high-throughput microarray data in the context of functional ontologies. (
  • Multifaceted experience with computer systems including design, assembly, operating system and other software installation, and networking across a variety of platforms. (
  • Master s degree defense explored a software product, designed and implemented in Java to allow web developers to add content to websites that can be understood not only by humans, but also by artificially-intelligent computer agents via the semantic web. (
  • The software then can correlate the cursor position with the particular display element to determine the user's selection. (
  • Voice recognition software has been developed for use in conjunction with personal computer sound cards. (
  • This software enables the user to enter information into the computer by speaking that information. (
  • The software is able to learn speech patterns of a particular user and thereafter recognize words being spoken by that user. (
  • In computer software , an operating environment or integrated applications environment is the environment in which users run application software . (
  • These operating environment systems gave users much of the convenience of integrated software without locking them into a single package. (
  • That cable transmits signals between the chip and a computer that has the software and algorithms to interpret those brain signals and then transmit them to an electrode sleeve. (
  • Understand the quintessential topics in Computer Science including Programming Languages and Translators, Data structures and Algorithms, Database systems, Software Engineering principles and methodologies, Operating systems, and system/software tools. (
  • Develop ideas and proposals using rational and reasoned arguments for presenting computer systems and to be able to reflect the ideas into functional computer software. (
  • Today's user interfaces (UIs) are complex software components, which play an essential role in the usability of an application. (
  • Now researchers from École Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne (EPFL) in Geneva, Switzerland, have shown that by having the person and the computer that it interfaces with both learn how to work with each other can quickly improve performance. (
  • Here are three concepts to be presented, developed by researchers at Dartmouth College's human computer interface lab. (
  • The researchers report the flexible electrodes, which could someday be used in brain-computer interfaces to drive cars or move artificial limbs, in the ACS journal Nano Letters . (
  • The flexible interface allows data to be quickly and easily visualized, facilitating comparisons within experiments and to published experiments, thus enabling researchers to gain a rapid overview of the biological responses in the experiments. (
  • By combining BCI and other assistive technologies, the researchers have developed an application so a user can remotely control a robot with telepresence features. (
  • Case-Based User Profiling for Content Personalisation. (
  • Under the assumption that the user behavior is stationary and that the user has limited cognitive and motor abilities, the author has shown that a combination of genetic algorithm for constrained optimization and probabilistic modeling of the user may evolve the adaptive interface to the level of personalization. (
  • Performance in users with central nervous system (CNS) tissue damage is typically lower. (
  • Focusing on two specific physical user-system interfaces, i.e. smart TVs and touchscreen devices, this chapter discusses the requirements that a design for older users has to address. (
  • The system attempts to recognize user patterns and eventually takes short cuts when it notices the person trying to achieve a task done previously. (
  • The system tries to predict what the user wants to do based on earlier recordings, and activates a series of actions such as to navigate a wheelchair to a certain spot or to turn off the lights. (
  • All users were then presented contrasting animations of systems with opposing emergent system behaviors, resulting in many more participants demonstrating an understanding of inter-level causal behaviors. (
  • Particularly, that successful design of complex systems requires unique reasoning skills that are informed by knowing how system components relate across levels, and specialized interfaces with animations provide information necessary for the learning these relationships. (
  • A part of an interactive computer system that communicates with the user is known as a user interface. (
  • For example, Disk Operating System (DOS) is command-driven and requires a user to know more than fifty commands that the system will accept. (
  • Although it is a reliable operating system, it is not user-friendly since it is not based on the more familiar concepts of graphics and visual cues, which have subsequently been incorporated into the GUI design of window-based user interfaces. (
  • Omsphere Creators of MITS (Multiple Interface Testing Suite), a tool for testing the functionality of a system. (
  • It allows to simulate the user interface of a system regardless of its availability. (
  • Applied Physics System Science And Computers: Proceedings Of The 1st International Conference On Applied Physics System Science And Computers … (Lecture Notes In Electrical Engineering) PDF Join bookslibland Group Applied Physics System. (
  • Parameters for use in the detection and thresholding portions of the system are computer-optimized by means of a genetic algorithm. (
  • An image data manipulation system is described in which users located remotely from an image data storage library may participate in a collaborative image data rendering and evaluation session. (
  • The system includes the exchange of state parameters between the client computer of a user controlling the. (
  • The system includes the exchange of state parameters between the client computer of a user controlling the image rendering, the session driver, and a server computer which relays updated state parameters to other client computers participating in a session. (
  • 6. The system of claim 1 wherein said recognition means includes means for transmitting the decoder output signals to a computer. (
  • Users are trained how to generate electroencephalography (EEG) signals that the system can translate into actions. (
  • This hybrid system offers a greatly enhanced user experience. (
  • DOS or the Unix shell ), which is often the interface of the underlying operating system. (
  • The most obvious difference versus CAD/CAM at 'conventional' scales is that our system was developed based on a network to promote communication between users and process operators. (
  • A user interface model is a representation of how the end user(s) interact with a computer program or another device and also how the system responds. (
  • The Aptness of Tangible User Interfaces for Explaining Abstract Computer Network Principles. (
  • Define essential theories, concepts, and principles related to information technology and computer applications as appropriate to the program of study. (
  • UsiXML (USer Interface eXtensible Markup Language) is an XML-based specification language for user interface design. (
  • Interface for such users which is inexpensive and easy to implement. (
  • Why Are User Interfaces Hard to Implement? (
  • We record our sincere thanks to our guide Dr. ANGELINA GEETHA, Professor, Department of Computer Science, for being instrumental in the completion of our project with her exemplary guidance. (
  • The histories and intellectual approaches of social and economic science and computer science have been strongly influenced by the crosscurrents among them. (
  • Worst-case computational complexity analysis, so prevalent in computer science, is a form of game-theoretic analysis - perhaps not surprising considering that one of the founders of game theory, John von Neumann, was also a pioneering figure in computer science. (
  • Social and economic scientists use concepts that are linked to computer science. (
  • Theories of strategic learning by computational agents, studied both in economics and computer science, can shed light on the dynamics of how agents arrive at equilibria. (
  • Engineering Psychology And Cognitive Ergonomics: Performance Emotion And Situation Awareness: 14th International Conference Epce 2017 Held As Part … Part I (Lecture Notes In Computer Science) PDF Join bookslibland Group Engineering Psychology. (
  • The mission of the Computer Science program is to provide students with excellent up-to-date knowledge in the fields related to computer science and information technology. (
  • Equip students with state-of-the-art theoretical and practical background across the computer science and information technology disciplines. (
  • Provide computer science solutions to information technology problems. (
  • Understand professional and ethical responsibility related to the fields of Computer Science and Information Technology. (
  • The recent advances in display technologies and mobile devices is having an important effect on the way users interact with all kinds of devices (computers, mobile devices, laptops, tablets, and so on). (
  • To interact effectively, users need appropriate tools that are designed specifically for human-to-computer and computer-to-human links. (
  • For someone who has some motor abilities, BCI can be used in combination with other assistive computer interface technologies such as eye-tracking or EMG switches that respond to the electrical signals generated by even the smallest muscle movements. (
  • AllRecall Consul Tool for automated testing of applications with character-based interface, such as DOS programs and UNIX applications via Telnet client. (
  • The outcome of this research has the potential to improve the quality of life for mute, paralyzed patients, or others lacking the ability to speak and help inform the development of improved brain-computer interface applications for communication," said Brumberg. (
  • A Framework for Research in Gamified Mobile Guide Applications International Journal of Gaming and Computer-Mediated Simulations(IJGCMS). (
  • The environment consists of a user interface provided by an applications manager and usually an application programming interface (API) to the applications manager. (
  • Research, development, and applications in computer graphics have dramatically expanded in recent years. (
  • A user sandbox is a subpage of the user's user page . (
  • Publications] I.Effendi,F.Shimodaira,T.Shirakawa: 'Boundary-Element-Method on the Parallel Computer QCDPAX and the Evaluation' International Symposium on Boundary Element Methods(Boulder CO U.S.A.). (Effendi). (
  • and user-interface design, development, and evaluation. (
  • How do we make computers communicate with humans? (
  • Since the end of 1960s, monitors and keyboards have become the standard way of communication between computers and humans. (
  • Using the Electrocorticographic Speech Network to Control a Brain-Computer Interface in Humans. (
  • We expect that the gained evidence will significantly contribute to make imagery-based BCI technology become accessible to a larger population of users including individuals with special needs due to CNS damage. (
  • The "not worth it" impression, on the other hand, is more likely to be triggered by unusable interfaces, that prevent the older users from perceiving technology as both usable and useful. (
  • VNCRobot A tool for automated GUI testing based on VNC technology which enables to program, verify and reproduce behavior of a remote computer via RFB protocol and generate a report. (
  • The latest BCI technology is different than other interfaces that let you literally play music with your thoughts . (
  • Adlens Interface uses Alvarez lens technology, a continuously adjustable solution for the correction of near, intermediate and distant vision. (
  • The eye-tracking technology from Tobii is designed to use eye positioning to help control the computer, but working in combination with, rather than replacing, other controls such as touch, mouse and keyboard. (
  • More than anything else, the Tobii laptop prototype is proof that our eye tracking technology is mature enough to be used in standard computer interfaces," said CEO Henrik Eskilsson, at the time. (
  • It is important to note that even a well-designed and beneficial technology may be rejected by the users who see it as a threat to their jobs, status or working conditions. (
  • Over the course of a five-year study, a paralyzed man was able to regain conscious control of his hand, wrist, and fingers by using a brain-computer interface technology from Battelle called NeuroLife. (
  • The term user interface modeling is mostly used in an information technology context. (
  • Individually adapted imagery improves brain-computer interface performance in end-users with disability. (
  • User-Appropriate and Robust Control Strategies to Enhance Brain Computer Interface Performance and Usability. (
  • The interface allows neurosurgeon, surgeon/general doctors and nurses to entry the EDH and SDH patient's data during referring them on the emergency simulation and evaluated based on time needs and their understanding. (
  • Computer simulation success: on the use of the end-user computing satisfaction. (
  • The end-user computing satisfaction (EUCS) instrument envisioned by Doll and Torkzadeh has been proven to be a highly reliable tool of gauging computer simulation success. (
  • Brumberg and his collaborators discovered that there were reliable brain signals that were related to certain acoustic features of vowels that a BCI computer model could potentially generate through a speech synthesizer. (
  • Brain signals are recorded with an electroencephalogram worn on the head like a swim cap, which allows the wearer to select musical notes and tones displayed on a computer screen. (
  • In particular, the book emphasizes how diagrammatic user interfaces can help us better understand and visualize artificial intelligence (AI) systems. (
  • Robbie T. Nakatsu, PhD , is Associate Professor in the Department of Finance and Computer Information Systems at Loyola Marymount University. (
  • EEG-powered brain computer interfaces have the potential to allow severely disabled people to operate home automation systems, wheelchairs, and other technologies. (
  • One aspect of that challenge is how to effectively present complex information to the user for systems with multiple levels of organization. (
  • All these devices have made possible the development of interactive computer systems, which permit users to communicate with computers by entering data and control directions during program execution. (
  • The BrainAble team are working on advanced brain-computer interface (BCI) systems, ambient intelligence (AmI), virtual reality (VR) and other technologies that individually offer important benefits to people with disabilities, but which, when used in combination, promise unprecedented autonomy. (
  • Survey on User Interface Programming," Proceedings SIGCHI'92: Human Factors in Computing Systems . (
  • Think of some problems with the standard user interface of the Macintosh and Windows95 systems. (
  • In this study, based on recent micro-/nanoscale fabrication processes, characteristics and key requirements for computer-aided design and manufacturing (CAD/CAM) systems for scalable nanomanufacturing were investigated. (
  • Provide students with solid algorithmic foundations as well the required knowledge in the design and development of computer systems. (
  • The effectivity of using animation to in the user interfaces for decision support systems was found to be governed by the parallel navigation interactivity aspects of the program, while image abstraction was found to be a function of the task's level of difficulty. (
  • Embedding Employability Attributes into the School of EIS Curriculum", Making Computing Graduates More Employable Workshop , 8th December 2011, British Computer Society (BCS), London. (
  • Thus, it discusses task continuity across multiple devices in migratory interfaces as well as related usability issues. (
  • This allows designers to identify any usability issues that may arise in the user interface before it is put into wide use. (
  • Designers must further recognize that user testing results may suggest radical change that requires the designers to be prepared to completely abandon old ideas in favor of new ideas that are more equipped to suit user needs. (
  • Personal computers often are equipped with a "sound card" which is audio processing circuitry mounted on a printed circuit board that plugs into the computer. (
  • The new REX peripheral is a strip-shaped device that sticks to the base of the computer screen on a desktop or laptop and plugs into the computer via a USB connection . (
  • The publically accessible, secure iCing webserver ( ) allows individual users to upload the NMR data and run a CING validation analysis. (
  • Visualization of the results and the calculation processes were made on the parallel computer about the following items. (
  • Both of the visualization onto the display of the personal computer directly connected to the parallel computer and the visualization onto the X-window through the network are investigated. (
  • misterhouse-users - Active user support mailing list. (
  • How to Support the Lay Users Evaluations of Medical Information on the Web? (
  • UMLi is an extension of UML, and adds support for representation commonly occurring in user interfaces. (
  • This is a maddening trend, and I don't know what's come over the interface designers of the world-it's as if they've been gripped by a fashion trend that prizes aesthetics over function, the technological equivalent of sagging or Lady Gaga's 10-inch heels . (
  • Modeling user interfaces is a well-established discipline in its own right. (
  • Some aspects of user interface modeling can be realized using UML. (
  • Some of the models that may be considered for UI-modeling are: Domain model, including data model (defines the objects that a user can view, access and manipulate through the user interface) Navigation model, defines how the objects that a user view could be navigated through the user interface Task model. (
  • There exist several approaches to modeling a user interface. (
  • An information extraction procedure and computer-user interface facilitates the population of a database, the creation or amendment of an ontology database and/or the training of a trainable information extraction module. (
  • All of these methods and devices can be categorized as human-to-computer communication elements. (
  • In particular, this invention relates to methods for navigating a complex structure of audio/video elements at an interactive user station. (
  • The chapter deals with the various strategies for adapting, distributing, and migrating the user interface according to the context of use . (
  • According to changes in those aspects of the context of use any aspect characterising a user interface can be modified. (
  • User interface testing tries to determine correct application behavior by entering test data via its user interface, checking valid reactions thereafter. (
  • In this paper, we present a semi-automatic technique that reconstructs the mapping for features that are triggered by the user and exhibit an observable behavior. (
  • The author has tested the method with an automated user and a group of real users in an air traffic control environment. (
  • or to be used as a viable PC Human Computer Interface (HCI) by tongue control. (
  • Smart meters under user control as building block for. (
  • But Brumberg wants to give individuals with no voluntary movement at all the ability to control a communication device via a brain-computer (BCI) interface-with their thoughts alone. (
  • In this study subjects implanted with electrocorticography (ECoG) arrays for long-term epilepsy monitoring were trained to control a cursor on a computer screen by modulating either the high-gamma or mu/beta power at a single electrode located over the motor or premotor area. (
  • User-Appropriate andRobust Control Strategiesto Enhance Brain-Computer InterfacePerformanceand Usability. (
  • 3) development of a public database - the Feeding Experiments End-user Database (FEED, in collaboration with Dr. Rebecca German (Johns Hopkins), Dr. Susan Williams (Ohio Univ. (
  • This toolkit can help to ensure that new rail technologies are thoughtfully designed, effectively implemented, and well received by users so that the significant investment associated with developing rail technologies is not wasted. (
  • Readers will benefit from the author's discussion of how diagrams can be more than just a static picture or representation and how diagrams can be a central part of an intelligent user interface, meant to be manipulated and modified, and in some cases, utilized to infer solutions to difficult problems. (
  • Because it's quite difficult to figure out which AD attributes are represented in the Active Directory Users and Computers (ADUC) user interface with the obtuse and antiquated names defined in LDAP (really, how was I to know that last name is called sn in LDAP? (