Instrumentation consisting of hardware and software that communicates with the BRAIN. The hardware component of the interface records brain signals, while the software component analyzes the signals and converts them into a command that controls a device or sends a feedback signal to the brain.
The portion of an interactive computer program that issues messages to and receives commands from a user.
Recording of electric currents developed in the brain by means of electrodes applied to the scalp, to the surface of the brain, or placed within the substance of the brain.
Computer-assisted processing of electric, ultrasonic, or electronic signals to interpret function and activity.
A computer in a medical context is an electronic device that processes, stores, and retrieves data, often used in medical settings for tasks such as maintaining patient records, managing diagnostic images, and supporting clinical decision-making through software applications and tools.
A procedure consisting of a sequence of algebraic formulas and/or logical steps to calculate or determine a given task.
Computer-based representation of physical systems and phenomena such as chemical processes.
The attitude and behavior associated with an individual using the computer.
Sequential operating programs and data which instruct the functioning of a digital computer.
People who take drugs for a non-therapeutic or non-medical effect. The drugs may be legal or illegal, but their use often results in adverse medical, legal, or social consequences for the users.
Various units or machines that operate in combination or in conjunction with a computer but are not physically part of it. Peripheral devices typically display computer data, store data from the computer and return the data to the computer on demand, prepare data for human use, or acquire data from a source and convert it to a form usable by a computer. (Computer Dictionary, 4th ed.)
A loose confederation of computer communication networks around the world. The networks that make up the Internet are connected through several backbone networks. The Internet grew out of the US Government ARPAnet project and was designed to facilitate information exchange.
Familiarity and comfort in using computers efficiently.
The process of pictorial communication, between human and computers, in which the computer input and output have the form of charts, drawings, or other appropriate pictorial representation.
Systems composed of a computer or computers, peripheral equipment, such as disks, printers, and terminals, and telecommunications capabilities.
Models used experimentally or theoretically to study molecular shape, electronic properties, or interactions; includes analogous molecules, computer-generated graphics, and mechanical structures.
Process of teaching a person to interact and communicate with a computer.
A type of MICROCOMPUTER, sometimes called a personal digital assistant, that is very small and portable and fitting in a hand. They are convenient to use in clinical and other field situations for quick data management. They usually require docking with MICROCOMPUTERS for updates.

A new filtering algorithm for medical magnetic resonance and computer tomography images. (1/7649)

Inner views of tubular structures based on computer tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance (MR) data sets may be created by virtual endoscopy. After a preliminary segmentation procedure for selecting the organ to be represented, the virtual endoscopy is a new postprocessing technique using surface or volume rendering of the data sets. In the case of surface rendering, the segmentation is based on a grey level thresholding technique. To avoid artifacts owing to the noise created in the imaging process, and to restore spurious resolution degradations, a robust Wiener filter was applied. This filter working in Fourier space approximates the noise spectrum by a simple function that is proportional to the square root of the signal amplitude. Thus, only points with tiny amplitudes consisting mostly of noise are suppressed. Further artifacts are avoided by the correct selection of the threshold range. Afterwards, the lumen and the inner walls of the tubular structures are well represented and allow one to distinguish between harmless fluctuations and medically significant structures.  (+info)

Image processing strategies in picture archiving and communication systems. (2/7649)

An image processing strategy is presented that assures very similar soft-copy presentation on diagnostic workstations of a picture archiving and communication system (PACS) over the lifetime of an image file and simultaneously provides efficient work-flow. The strategy is based on rigid partitioning of image processing into application- and display-device-specific processing. Application-specific processing is optimized for a reference display system. A description of this system is attached to the file header of the application-specifically processed image which is stored in the PACS. Every diagnostic display system automatically reproduces the image quality for which the application-specific processing was optimized by adjusting its properties by display-system-specific processing so that the system becomes effectively equal to the reference display system.  (+info)

Spatial- and task-dependent neuronal responses during real and virtual translocation in the monkey hippocampal formation. (3/7649)

Neuropsychological data in humans demonstrated a pivotal role of the medial temporal lobe, including the hippocampal formation (HF) and the parahippocampal gyrus (PH), in allocentric (environment-centered) spatial learning and memory. In the present study, the functional significance of the monkey HF and PH neurons in allocentric spatial processing was analyzed during performance of the spatial tasks. In the tasks, the monkey either freely moved to one of four reward areas in the experimental field by driving a cab that the monkey rode (real translocation task) or freely moved a pointer to one of four reward areas on the monitor (virtual translocation task) by manipulating a joystick. Of 389 neurons recorded from the monkey HF and PH, 166 had place fields that displayed increased activity in a specific area in the experimental field and/or on the monitor (location-differential neurons). More HF and PH neurons responded in the real translocation task. These neurons had low mean spontaneous firing rates (0.96 spikes/sec), similar to those of rodent HF place cells. The remaining nonresponsive neurons had significantly higher mean firing rates (8. 39 spikes/sec), similar to interneurons or theta cells in the rodent HF. Furthermore, most location-differential neurons showed different responses in different tasks. These results suggest that the HF and PH are crucial in allocentric information processing and, moreover, that the HF can encode different reference frames that are context or task-dependent. This may be the neural basis of episodic memory.  (+info)

Imagene: an integrated computer environment for sequence annotation and analysis. (4/7649)

MOTIVATION: To be fully and efficiently exploited, data coming from sequencing projects together with specific sequence analysis tools need to be integrated within reliable data management systems. Systems designed to manage genome data and analysis tend to give a greater importance either to the data storage or to the methodological aspect, but lack a complete integration of both components. RESULTS: This paper presents a co-operative computer environment (called Imagenetrade mark) dedicated to genomic sequence analysis and annotation. Imagene has been developed by using an object-based model. Thanks to this representation, the user can directly manipulate familiar data objects through icons or lists. Imagene also incorporates a solving engine in order to manage analysis tasks. A global task is solved by successive divisions into smaller sub-tasks. During program execution, these sub-tasks are graphically displayed to the user and may be further re-started at any point after task completion. In this sense, Imagene is more transparent to the user than a traditional menu-driven package. Imagene also provides a user interface to display, on the same screen, the results produced by several tasks, together with the capability to annotate these results easily. In its current form, Imagene has been designed particularly for use in microbial sequencing projects. AVAILABILITY: Imagene best runs on SGI (Irix 6.3 or higher) workstations. It is distributed free of charge on a CD-ROM, but requires some Ilog licensed software to run. Some modules also require separate license agreements. Please contact the authors for specific academic conditions and other Unix platforms. CONTACT: imagene home page:  (+info)

Stem Trace: an interactive visual tool for comparative RNA structure analysis. (5/7649)

MOTIVATION: Stem Trace is one of the latest tools available in STRUCTURELAB, an RNA structure analysis computer workbench. The paradigm used in STRUCTURELAB views RNA structure determination as a problem of dealing with a database of a large number of computationally generated structures. Stem Trace provides the capability to analyze this data set in a novel, visually driven, interactive and exploratory way. In addition to providing graphs at a high level of ion, it is also connected with complementary visualization tools which provide orthogonal views of the same data, as well as drawing of structures represented by a stem trace. Thus, on top of being an analysis tool, Stem Trace is a graphical user interface to an RNA structural information database. RESULTS: We illustrate Stem Trace's capabilities with several examples of the analysis of RNA folding data performed on 24 strains of HIV-1, HIV-2 and SIV sequences around the HIV dimerization region. This dimer linkage site has been found to play a role in encapsidation, reverse transcription, recombination, and inhibition of translation. Our examples show how Stem Trace elucidates preservation of structures in this region across the various strains of HIV. AVAILABILITY: The program can be made available upon request. It runs on SUN, SGI and DEC (Compaq) Unix workstations.  (+info)

E-CELL: software environment for whole-cell simulation. (6/7649)

MOTIVATION: Genome sequencing projects and further systematic functional analyses of complete gene sets are producing an unprecedented mass of molecular information for a wide range of model organisms. This provides us with a detailed account of the cell with which we may begin to build models for simulating intracellular molecular processes to predict the dynamic behavior of living cells. Previous work in biochemical and genetic simulation has isolated well-characterized pathways for detailed analysis, but methods for building integrative models of the cell that incorporate gene regulation, metabolism and signaling have not been established. We, therefore, were motivated to develop a software environment for building such integrative models based on gene sets, and running simulations to conduct experiments in silico. RESULTS: E-CELL, a modeling and simulation environment for biochemical and genetic processes, has been developed. The E-CELL system allows a user to define functions of proteins, protein-protein interactions, protein-DNA interactions, regulation of gene expression and other features of cellular metabolism, as a set of reaction rules. E-CELL simulates cell behavior by numerically integrating the differential equations described implicitly in these reaction rules. The user can observe, through a computer display, dynamic changes in concentrations of proteins, protein complexes and other chemical compounds in the cell. Using this software, we constructed a model of a hypothetical cell with only 127 genes sufficient for transcription, translation, energy production and phospholipid synthesis. Most of the genes are taken from Mycoplasma genitalium, the organism having the smallest known chromosome, whose complete 580 kb genome sequence was determined at TIGR in 1995. We discuss future applications of the E-CELL system with special respect to genome engineering. AVAILABILITY: The E-CELL software is available upon request. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: The complete list of rules of the developed cell model with kinetic parameters can be obtained via our web site at:  (+info)

A proposal for a standard CORBA interface for genome maps. (7/7649)

MOTIVATION: The scientific community urgently needs to standardize the exchange of biological data. This is helped by the use of a common protocol and the definition of shared data structures. We have based our standardization work on CORBA, a technology that has become a standard in the past years and allows interoperability between distributed objects. RESULTS: We have defined an IDL specification for genome maps and present it to the scientific community. We have implemented CORBA servers based on this IDL to distribute RHdb and HuGeMap maps. The IDL will co-evolve with the needs of the mapping community. AVAILABILITY: The standard IDL for genome maps is available at http:// l. The IORs to browse maps from Infobiogen and EBI are at and CONTACT: [email protected], [email protected]  (+info)

GRASS: a server for the graphical representation and analysis of structures. (8/7649)

GRASS (Graphical Representation and Analysis of Structures Server), a new web-based server, is described. GRASS exploits many of the features of the GRASP program and is designed to provide interactive molecular graphics and quantitative analysis tools with a simple interface over the World-Wide Web. Using GRASS, it is now possible to view many surface features of biological macromolecules on either standard workstations used in macromolecular analysis or personal computers. The result is a World-Wide Web-based, platform-independent, easily used tool for macromolecular visualization and structure analysis.  (+info)

A Brain-Computer Interface (BCI), also known as a neural-control interface or a brain-machine interface, is a system that enables direct communication and interaction between the human brain and an external electronic device. BCI technology translates brain signals into commands that can control artificial devices, such as computers, prosthetic limbs, or other assistive technologies.

There are primarily two types of BCIs: invasive and non-invasive. Invasive BCIs involve the surgical implantation of electrodes directly onto the surface or within the brain tissue to record neural activity with high resolution. Non-invasive BCIs, on the other hand, utilize external sensors, like electroencephalography (EEG) caps, to measure brain signals through the scalp.

The applications of BCIs are vast and varied, including communication aids for individuals with severe motor disabilities, rehabilitation tools for stroke patients, and assistive devices for people with amputations or spinal cord injuries. Additionally, BCI technology holds potential for enhancing human performance in various fields, such as gaming, education, and military applications. However, it is essential to consider the ethical implications and potential risks associated with BCI use as the technology continues to advance.

A User-Computer Interface (also known as Human-Computer Interaction) refers to the point at which a person (user) interacts with a computer system. This can include both hardware and software components, such as keyboards, mice, touchscreens, and graphical user interfaces (GUIs). The design of the user-computer interface is crucial in determining the usability and accessibility of a computer system for the user. A well-designed interface should be intuitive, efficient, and easy to use, minimizing the cognitive load on the user and allowing them to effectively accomplish their tasks.

Electroencephalography (EEG) is a medical procedure that records electrical activity in the brain. It uses small, metal discs called electrodes, which are attached to the scalp with paste or a specialized cap. These electrodes detect tiny electrical charges that result from the activity of brain cells, and the EEG machine then amplifies and records these signals.

EEG is used to diagnose various conditions related to the brain, such as seizures, sleep disorders, head injuries, infections, and degenerative diseases like Alzheimer's or Parkinson's. It can also be used during surgery to monitor brain activity and ensure that surgical procedures do not interfere with vital functions.

EEG is a safe and non-invasive procedure that typically takes about 30 minutes to an hour to complete, although longer recordings may be necessary in some cases. Patients are usually asked to relax and remain still during the test, as movement can affect the quality of the recording.

Computer-assisted signal processing is a medical term that refers to the use of computer algorithms and software to analyze, interpret, and extract meaningful information from biological signals. These signals can include physiological data such as electrocardiogram (ECG) waves, electromyography (EMG) signals, electroencephalography (EEG) readings, or medical images.

The goal of computer-assisted signal processing is to automate the analysis of these complex signals and extract relevant features that can be used for diagnostic, monitoring, or therapeutic purposes. This process typically involves several steps, including:

1. Signal acquisition: Collecting raw data from sensors or medical devices.
2. Preprocessing: Cleaning and filtering the data to remove noise and artifacts.
3. Feature extraction: Identifying and quantifying relevant features in the signal, such as peaks, troughs, or patterns.
4. Analysis: Applying statistical or machine learning algorithms to interpret the extracted features and make predictions about the underlying physiological state.
5. Visualization: Presenting the results in a clear and intuitive way for clinicians to review and use.

Computer-assisted signal processing has numerous applications in healthcare, including:

* Diagnosing and monitoring cardiac arrhythmias or other heart conditions using ECG signals.
* Assessing muscle activity and function using EMG signals.
* Monitoring brain activity and diagnosing neurological disorders using EEG readings.
* Analyzing medical images to detect abnormalities, such as tumors or fractures.

Overall, computer-assisted signal processing is a powerful tool for improving the accuracy and efficiency of medical diagnosis and monitoring, enabling clinicians to make more informed decisions about patient care.

A computer is a programmable electronic device that can store, retrieve, and process data. It is composed of several components including:

1. Hardware: The physical components of a computer such as the central processing unit (CPU), memory (RAM), storage devices (hard drive or solid-state drive), and input/output devices (monitor, keyboard, and mouse).
2. Software: The programs and instructions that are used to perform specific tasks on a computer. This includes operating systems, applications, and utilities.
3. Input: Devices or methods used to enter data into a computer, such as a keyboard, mouse, scanner, or digital camera.
4. Processing: The function of the CPU in executing instructions and performing calculations on data.
5. Output: The results of processing, which can be displayed on a monitor, printed on paper, or saved to a storage device.

Computers come in various forms and sizes, including desktop computers, laptops, tablets, and smartphones. They are used in a wide range of applications, from personal use for communication, entertainment, and productivity, to professional use in fields such as medicine, engineering, finance, and education.

An algorithm is not a medical term, but rather a concept from computer science and mathematics. In the context of medicine, algorithms are often used to describe step-by-step procedures for diagnosing or managing medical conditions. These procedures typically involve a series of rules or decision points that help healthcare professionals make informed decisions about patient care.

For example, an algorithm for diagnosing a particular type of heart disease might involve taking a patient's medical history, performing a physical exam, ordering certain diagnostic tests, and interpreting the results in a specific way. By following this algorithm, healthcare professionals can ensure that they are using a consistent and evidence-based approach to making a diagnosis.

Algorithms can also be used to guide treatment decisions. For instance, an algorithm for managing diabetes might involve setting target blood sugar levels, recommending certain medications or lifestyle changes based on the patient's individual needs, and monitoring the patient's response to treatment over time.

Overall, algorithms are valuable tools in medicine because they help standardize clinical decision-making and ensure that patients receive high-quality care based on the latest scientific evidence.

A computer simulation is a process that involves creating a model of a real-world system or phenomenon on a computer and then using that model to run experiments and make predictions about how the system will behave under different conditions. In the medical field, computer simulations are used for a variety of purposes, including:

1. Training and education: Computer simulations can be used to create realistic virtual environments where medical students and professionals can practice their skills and learn new procedures without risk to actual patients. For example, surgeons may use simulation software to practice complex surgical techniques before performing them on real patients.
2. Research and development: Computer simulations can help medical researchers study the behavior of biological systems at a level of detail that would be difficult or impossible to achieve through experimental methods alone. By creating detailed models of cells, tissues, organs, or even entire organisms, researchers can use simulation software to explore how these systems function and how they respond to different stimuli.
3. Drug discovery and development: Computer simulations are an essential tool in modern drug discovery and development. By modeling the behavior of drugs at a molecular level, researchers can predict how they will interact with their targets in the body and identify potential side effects or toxicities. This information can help guide the design of new drugs and reduce the need for expensive and time-consuming clinical trials.
4. Personalized medicine: Computer simulations can be used to create personalized models of individual patients based on their unique genetic, physiological, and environmental characteristics. These models can then be used to predict how a patient will respond to different treatments and identify the most effective therapy for their specific condition.

Overall, computer simulations are a powerful tool in modern medicine, enabling researchers and clinicians to study complex systems and make predictions about how they will behave under a wide range of conditions. By providing insights into the behavior of biological systems at a level of detail that would be difficult or impossible to achieve through experimental methods alone, computer simulations are helping to advance our understanding of human health and disease.

"Attitude to Computers" is not a medical term or concept, but rather a social science or psychological one. It refers to an individual's feelings, beliefs, and behaviors towards computers and technology in general. This can include things like their comfort level using computers, their perception of the benefits and drawbacks of computer use, and their willingness to learn new technologies.

In some cases, a person's attitude towards computers may be influenced by factors such as their age, education level, work experience, and access to technology. For example, someone who grew up using computers and has had positive experiences with them is likely to have a more favorable attitude than someone who is not familiar with computers or has had negative experiences with them.

It's worth noting that attitudes towards computers can vary widely from person to person, and may change over time as technology evolves and becomes more integrated into daily life. Additionally, while an individual's attitude towards computers may not be a direct medical concern, it can have implications for their overall health and well-being, particularly in terms of their ability to access information, communicate with others, and participate in modern society.

I am not aware of a widely accepted medical definition for the term "software," as it is more commonly used in the context of computer science and technology. Software refers to programs, data, and instructions that are used by computers to perform various tasks. It does not have direct relevance to medical fields such as anatomy, physiology, or clinical practice. If you have any questions related to medicine or healthcare, I would be happy to try to help with those instead!

A "drug user" is a person who uses or consumes illegal drugs, such as heroin, cocaine, or methamphetamine, or misuses prescription medications for recreational purposes or to self-medicate. It's important to note that the term "drug user" can have stigmatizing connotations and may not accurately reflect the complexity of an individual's relationship with drugs. Many prefer terms like "person who uses drugs" or "substance user," which emphasize the personhood and agency of the individual rather than reducing them to their drug use.

It's also worth noting that there is a wide range of drug use behaviors, from occasional recreational use to heavy, dependent use. The medical community recognizes that problematic drug use can lead to negative health consequences, but it's important to approach individuals who use drugs with compassion and understanding rather than judgment. Providing access to evidence-based treatments and harm reduction services can help reduce the risks associated with drug use and support individuals in making positive changes in their lives.

Computer peripherals are external devices that can be connected to a computer system to expand its functionality or capabilities. They are called "peripherals" because they are typically located on the periphery of the computer, as opposed to being built into the main computer case or chassis.

There are several types of computer peripherals, including:

1. Input devices: These are used to provide data and instructions to the computer. Examples include keyboards, mice, scanners, webcams, and microphones.
2. Output devices: These are used to communicate information from the computer to the user or to other external devices. Examples include monitors, printers, speakers, and projectors.
3. Storage devices: These are used to store data and programs on removable media. Examples include USB drives, external hard drives, CDs, and DVDs.
4. Communication devices: These are used to connect the computer to other networks or systems. Examples include modems, routers, network adapters, and wireless access points.
5. Input/output (I/O) devices: These are multifunctional devices that can serve as both input and output peripherals. Examples include touchscreens, digital tablets, and joysticks.

Overall, computer peripherals play a crucial role in enhancing the functionality and usability of computer systems for various applications.

I'm sorry for any confusion, but "Internet" is a term that pertains to the global network of interconnected computers and servers that enable the transmission and reception of data via the internet protocol (IP). It is not a medical term and does not have a specific medical definition. If you have any questions related to medicine or health, I'd be happy to try to help answer them for you!

Computer literacy is the ability to use, understand, and create computer technology and software, including basic knowledge of computer hardware, operating systems, and common applications such as word processing, spreadsheets, and databases. It also includes an understanding of concepts related to the internet, email, and cybersecurity. Being computer literate means having the skills and knowledge necessary to effectively use computers for a variety of purposes, including communication, research, problem-solving, and productivity. It is an important skill in today's digital age and is often required for many jobs and educational programs.

Computer graphics is the field of study and practice related to creating images and visual content using computer technology. It involves various techniques, algorithms, and tools for generating, manipulating, and rendering digital images and models. These can include 2D and 3D modeling, animation, rendering, visualization, and image processing. Computer graphics is used in a wide range of applications, including video games, movies, scientific simulations, medical imaging, architectural design, and data visualization.

A computer system is a collection of hardware and software components that work together to perform specific tasks. This includes the physical components such as the central processing unit (CPU), memory, storage devices, and input/output devices, as well as the operating system and application software that run on the hardware. Computer systems can range from small, embedded systems found in appliances and devices, to large, complex networks of interconnected computers used for enterprise-level operations.

In a medical context, computer systems are often used for tasks such as storing and retrieving electronic health records (EHRs), managing patient scheduling and billing, performing diagnostic imaging and analysis, and delivering telemedicine services. These systems must adhere to strict regulatory standards, such as the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA) in the United States, to ensure the privacy and security of sensitive medical information.

Molecular models are three-dimensional representations of molecular structures that are used in the field of molecular biology and chemistry to visualize and understand the spatial arrangement of atoms and bonds within a molecule. These models can be physical or computer-generated and allow researchers to study the shape, size, and behavior of molecules, which is crucial for understanding their function and interactions with other molecules.

Physical molecular models are often made up of balls (representing atoms) connected by rods or sticks (representing bonds). These models can be constructed manually using materials such as plastic or wooden balls and rods, or they can be created using 3D printing technology.

Computer-generated molecular models, on the other hand, are created using specialized software that allows researchers to visualize and manipulate molecular structures in three dimensions. These models can be used to simulate molecular interactions, predict molecular behavior, and design new drugs or chemicals with specific properties. Overall, molecular models play a critical role in advancing our understanding of molecular structures and their functions.

Computer user training is the process of teaching individuals how to use computer software, hardware, and systems effectively and safely. This type of training can include a variety of topics, such as:

* Basic computer skills, such as using a mouse and keyboard
* Operating system fundamentals, including file management and navigation
* Application-specific training for software such as Microsoft Office or industry-specific programs
* Cybersecurity best practices to protect against online threats
* Data privacy and compliance regulations related to computer use

The goal of computer user training is to help individuals become proficient and confident in their ability to use technology to perform their job duties, communicate with others, and access information. Effective computer user training can lead to increased productivity, reduced errors, and improved job satisfaction.

Handheld computers, also known as personal digital assistants (PDAs) or pocket PCs, are portable devices that are designed to provide computing and information management capabilities in a compact and mobile form factor. These devices typically feature a touchscreen interface, allowing users to interact with the device using their fingers or a stylus.

Handheld computers are capable of performing various functions such as managing calendars, contacts, and tasks; browsing the web; sending and receiving emails; and running productivity applications like word processors and spreadsheets. They may also include features such as GPS navigation, digital cameras, and music players.

One of the key advantages of handheld computers is their portability, which makes them ideal for use in a variety of settings, including at home, in the office, or on the go. However, they typically have smaller screens and keyboards than larger laptops or desktop computers, which can make them less suitable for certain tasks that require more extensive typing or data entry.

Handheld computers are commonly used by healthcare professionals to manage patient information, access electronic medical records, and communicate with other healthcare providers. They may also be used in a variety of other industries, such as logistics, transportation, and field service, where mobile workers need to access and manage information while on the move.

... is a development technique used by computer application programmers. Today's user interfaces (UIs) are ... Graphical User Interfaces (GUIs), Auditory User Interfaces, and Multimodal User Interfaces. DiaMODL combines a dataflow- ... A user interface model is a representation of how the end user(s) interact with a computer program or another device and also ... and lower-level dialogs in user interfaces. Using models as part of user interface development can help capture user ...
v t e (User interface techniques, Attention, All stub articles, Computer science stubs). ... Attentive user interfaces (AUI) are user interfaces that manage the user's attention. For instance, an AUI can manage ... Towards a framework for attentive user interfaces". Computers in Human Behavior. 22 (4): 771-789. doi:10.1016/j.chb.2005.12.012 ... and the level of detail of the messages presented to the user. Attentive user interfaces, by generating only the relevant ...
... design or user interface engineering is the design of user interfaces for machines and software, such as computers, home ... UI design refers to graphical user interfaces and other forms of interface design. The goal of user interface design is to make ... User interfaces are the points of interaction between users and designs. There are three types: Graphical user interfaces (GUIs ... User interface design requires a good understanding of user needs. It mainly focuses on the needs of the platform and its user ...
A touch user interface (TUI) is a computer-pointing technology based upon the sense of touch (haptics). Whereas a graphical ... Gesture recognition Human-computer interaction Multi-touch Multi-touch gestures Natural user interface Surface computing ... a TUI enables not only the sense of touch to innervate and activate computer-based functions, it also allows the user, ... Developmental Phonics Instruction with Touch User Interface Technology: Moving Toward a Multi-Sensory Approach for Grades Pre-K ...
In this way, users can trigger actions on the computer through the same gestures and motions as Jeff Han's touchscreen allowed ... or graphical user interface (GUI). Mann referred to this work as "natural user interfaces", "Direct User Interfaces", and " ... In computing, a natural user interface (NUI) or natural interface is a user interface that is effectively invisible, and ... Edusim Eye tracking Kinetic user interface Organic user interface Intelligent personal assistant Post-WIMP Scratch input ...
"Summary of Spiral Model" (PDF). Nielsen, J. (1993). "Iterative User Interface Design". IEEE Computer. 26 (11): 32-41. doi: ... The typical steps of iterative design in user interfaces are as follows: Complete an initial interface design Present the ... While this includes testing the product for functionality outside of the user interface, important feedback on the interface ... test users Note any problems had by the test user Refine interface to account for/fix the problems Repeat steps 2-4 until user ...
A User interface stylesheet language is a stylesheet language which is meant to be applied to graphical computer user ... Cascading Style Sheets as used in Mozilla's XUL user interface Qt Style Sheets as used in KDE4 Robert Staudinger's CSS theming ... interfaces. They primarily act as subsidiary languages to style UI elements which are either programmed or marked-up (as in XML ...
In human-computer interaction, an organic user interface (OUI) is defined as a user interface with a non-flat display. After ... there are three general types of organic user interface: Flexible (or deformable) user interfaces: When flexible displays are ... Actuated (or kinetic) user interfaces: Displays with a programmable shape controlled by a computer algorithm. Here, display ... David Holman and Roel Vertegaal, Organic user interfaces: designing computers in any way, shape, or form, Communications of the ...
The commercial was aimed at making people think about computers, identifying the user-friendly interface as a personal computer ... Direct manipulation interface Douglas Engelbart's On-Line System Graphical user interface Text-based user interface History of ... "User Interface Timeline" George Mason University Nathan Lineback. "The Graphical User Interface Gallery". Nathan's Toasty ... "GUIdebook > Articles > "Inventing the Lisa User Interface"". "GUIdebook > Articles > "Lisa user interface ...
Apple Computer, Inc. (1984). "User Interface". Inside Macintosh, Volume I. Roberta Mancini, Alan Dix and Stefano Levialdi. 2006 ... When multiple users can edit the same document simultaneously, a multi-user undo is needed. Global multi-user undo reverts the ... "A selective undo mechanism for graphical user interfaces based on command objects". ACM Transactions on Computer-Human ... and the user interface for interacting with the user. In most Microsoft Windows applications, the keyboard shortcut for the ...
"Tangible User Interfaces". The Human-Computer Interaction Handbook. pp. 495-514. doi:10.1201/9781410615862-35. ISBN 978-0-429- ... Hardware interface Kinetic user interface Natural user interface Organic user interface Unconventional computing Ishii, Hiroshi ... A tangible user interface must be differentiated from a graphical user interface (GUI). A GUI exists only in the digital world ... A tangible user interface (TUI) is a user interface in which a person interacts with digital information through the physical ...
... as a brain-computer interface was the extensive training required before users can work the technology. For example, in ... Wolpaw, J.R. and Wolpaw, E.W. (2012). "Brain-Computer Interfaces: Something New Under the Sun". In: Brain-Computer Interfaces: ... Wikimedia Commons has media related to Brain-computer interfaces. Scholia has a topic profile for Brain-computer interface. The ... Zander TO, Kothe C (April 2011). "Towards passive brain-computer interfaces: applying brain-computer interface technology to ...
However, the user interfaces for 3D computer graphics are usually either challenging to learn and use and not sufficiently ... Designing the user interface: strategies for effective human-computer-interaction.(1987) Hutchins, Edwin L.. James D. Hollan, ... Individuals in academia and computer scientists doing research on future user interfaces often put as much or even more stress ... The user interface for word processing, for example, is commonly used. It is easy to learn for new users and is sufficient for ...
Historically, computers have relied on text-based user interfaces and graphical user interfaces (GUIs) (such as the user ... User interface User interface design Natural-language user interface Voice user interface "What Are Conversational Interfaces? ... A conversational user interface (CUI) is a user interface for computers that emulates a conversation with a real human. ... there are two main categories of conversational interfaces; voice assistants and chatbots. A voice user interface allows a user ...
Lisa Napoli (October 14, 1997). "Wearable Computers: The User Interface Is You". New York Times. Retrieved January 30, 2013. ... computers, reality can meet society's expectations ... an ideal wearable computer would not only provide a seamless interface ... He served in the US Navy for fifteen years, before becoming a senior business executive in the computer industry. Jackson is ... He later graduated from the Naval War College with an MA National Security & Strategic Studies degree and an MSEE in Computer ...
1995) [1988]. Human-computer interface design (2nd ed.). - (1994). Business information systems. - (2002). User-Centred ... 2003). Designing multisensory user interfaces. Lawrence Erlbaum Associates. Articles, a selection: - (2000). "Requirements ... user interface design and safety-critical systems. Sutcliffe received his MA in Natural Sciences from the University of ... His research spans "software engineering, human computer interaction, cognitive and social science, with recent interests in ...
1770 Disc Interface (PDF). Acorn Computers Limited. Retrieved 6 March 2021. 1770 Disc Interface Upgrade Kit Fitting ... ADFS upgrade (PDF). Acorn Computers Limited. Retrieved 6 March 2021. The Electron Plus 3 User Guide (PDF). Acorn Computers ... A system module called "ADFS" provides no more than the block driver and user interfaces, where the "FileCore" module contains ... It interfaced to a ST506/ST412-based Winchester unit via the BBC Micro's 1 MHz Bus, an Acorn-designed interface card (1 MHz Bus ...
In computer user interface design, a master-detail interface displays a master list and the details for the currently selected ... v t e (Graphical user interfaces, All stub articles, Computer programming stubs). ... An application can use this master-detail relationship to enable users to navigate through the purchase order data and see the ... "Creating a Master-Detail Interface". Apple. Archived from the original on 2009-02-14. Retrieved 2008-11-15. ...
Automatic Generation of Personalizable User Interfaces". "Computer Laboratory: Inclusive user interfaces". Nabeth Thierry (2005 ... User-models can thus serve as a cheaper alternative to user testing but should not replace user testing. A user model is the ... "User Modeling in Human-Computer Interaction", User Modeling and User-Adapted Interaction, 11: 65-86, doi:10.1023/A: ... and a user profile is the actual representation in a given user model. The process of obtaining the user profile is called user ...
The tool was also used to explore computer interfaces in public spaces. The project's success led it to be installed in the ... Russell joined IBM in 2000, where he managed a research group in the User Sciences and Experience Research (USER) lab at the ... and human-computer interfaces. While developing AI technology at Xerox PARC, Russell realized that sophisticated technology was ... He then worked in the User Interface Research group, led by Stuart Card, which studied the uses of information visualization ...
Interface: How users are connected to computers and systems. The user: The actual humans (and nonhumans) that interact with ... Bratton proposed six interconnected layers: earth, cloud, city, address, interface and the user. Earth: Computing requires ... interface and the user - which are also linked to one another; the final part provides an account of what this might mean for ... through Platforms and Nonhuman Users to Anti-Users". 2020 AEIT International Conference of Electrical and Electronic ...
Intracortical recording stability in human brain-computer interface users. Downey JE1, Schwed N, Chase SM, Schwartz AB, ... EEG has the potential for long term use as a brain-computer interface, because the electrodes can be kept on the scalp ... Articles with short description, Short description is different from Wikidata, Brain-computer interfacing, Implants (medicine ... Brain-computer interfaces for speech communication. Speech Communication, 52(4), 367-379. Ganesh, A, Cervantes, A J and Kennedy ...
Alternatively, consider a graphical user interface on a computer. The reason graphical user interfaces are useful is that they ... Hoffman argues that consensus reality lacks concrete existence, and is nothing more than an evolved user-interface. He argues ... Conscious realism builds upon Hoffman's former User-Interface Theory. In combination they argue that (1) consensus reality and ... "species specific evolved user interface"; (2) Reality is made of a complex, dimensionless, and timeless network of "conscious ...
Wizards - Microsoft Windows Dev Center (Computer configuration, User interface techniques). ... A software wizard or setup assistant is a user interface that leads a user through a sequence of small steps, like a dialog box ... "just a patch for a bad interface". Alan Cooper sees wizards as segregating new and expert users, abdicating the responsibility ... Expert system Virtual assistant Office Assistant Conversational user interface Babich, Nick (2018-03-05). "Wizard Design ...
Interruption as a test of the user-computer interface (PDF). Proceedings of the Seventeenth Annual Conference on Manual Control ... This means that the user should be able to specify only what has to be done, not how, and in which order, it has to be done. ... Most computer algebra systems (CASes) also use this as the default input method. In BASIC notation, the formula is entered as ... Because operators are applied one-at-a-time, the user must work out which operator key to use at each stage, and this can lead ...
A user interface "allows users to interact with a computer." Either a command-line interface (CLI) or, since the 1980s a ... In the late 1940s, application software was custom-written by computer users to fit their specific hardware and requirements. ... graphical user interface (GUI). This is the part of the operating system the user directly interacts with, it is considered an ... or ChromeOS where the browser functions as the only user interface and the only way to run programs (and other web browser ...
"Human-Computer Interaction and Software Engineering for User Interface Plasticity". In Jacko, J. A. (Eds.), "Human computer ... "USer Interface eXtensible Mark-up Language". ITEA 2. Retrieved 3 April 2018. "Engineering Human-Computer Interaction Research ... Interacting with computers, 15(3), p. 289-308. Thevenin, D., & Coutaz J. (1999). "Plasticity of User Interfaces: Framework and ... Bass, Len; Coutaz, Joelle (1991). Developing software for the user interface. SEI Series in Software Engineering. I-XIV: ...
Interruption as a test of the user-computer interface (PDF). Proceedings of the Seventeenth Annual Conference on Manual Control ... The computer can be used as a simple hand-held calculator. In this mode besides entering the numeric values the user must enter ... Ceruzzi, Paul E. (1983). "2. Computers in Germany". Reckoners - The prehistory of the digital computer, from relays to the ... "Computer Languages". The Australian Computer Journal (Reprint). 17 (4): 195-198. Hamblin, Charles Leonard (1958). GEORGE IA and ...
Atari Home Computer System: Serial Input/Output Interface (PDF). 1980. De Re Atari. Atari. 1981. Decuir, Joe. "Interview with ... This allowed the user to press play or play and record without the tape beginning to move. When the appropriate command was ... Now the computer could have normal slots; like the Apple II, the RF portion would be entirely external and could be tested on ... This allowed users to record normal sounds on the left channel and then have them play through the television. This was often ...
Tribble Topobo (Classes of computers, User interfaces). ... Tangible User Interface Distributed sensor network Game console ... and tangible user interfaces (e.g. Topobo ). Merrill and Kalanithi wanted to create a general-purpose tangible user interface ... Siftables: Towards Sensor Network User Interfaces TED Talks: David Merrill demos Siftables, the smart blocks at TED in 2009 MIT ... Siftables are small computers that display graphics on their top surface and sense one another and how they are being moved. ...
DARPA projects, Human-computer interaction, Implants (medicine), Neural engineering, Neuroprosthetics, User interface ... A peripheral nerve interface is the bridge between the peripheral nervous system and a computer interface which serves as a bi‐ ... Ideally peripheral nerve interfaces are optimally designed to interface with biological constraints of peripheral nerve fibers ... interface design constraint Interface implantation-associated injury to nerve fibers of interest Stability of the interface ...
You can identify a computer as running on a public cloud from the License Metric Tool user interface. ... Computers that run on public clouds must additionally be identified as such. It ensures that proper subcapacity counting rules ... Apart from marking computers as running on public clouds from the user interface, there are other methods that are specific for ... Identifying computers from the user interface is better in the following scenarios: *Closed appliances that do not allow for ...
... interface, program, user icon in outline style from the Signs & symbols category. Available in PNG and SVG formats. ... User interface optimal UNI Light Operating System (light) Clock, computer, interface, program, user icon ...
... interface, notes, program, user icon in outline style from the Signs & symbols category. Available in PNG and SVG formats. ... User interface optimal Sketchy Operating System (sketch) Computer, interface, notes, program, user icon ...
This lecture forms part of a course on Next Generation User Interfaces given at the Vrije Universiteit Brussel. ... Next Generation User Interfaces. Implicit Human-Computer Interaction. Prof. Beat Signer. Department of Computer Science. Vrije ... Next Generation User Interfaces (4018166FNR). This lecture forms part of a course on Next Generation User Interfaces given at ... Implicit Human-Computer Interaction - Lecture 11 - Next Generation User Interfaces (4018166FNR) Search. ...
Theres Not an App for That: Mobile User Experience Design for Life (Paperback) ... Conceptual Design for Interactive Systems: Designing for Performance and User Experience (Paperback) ...
HMI/MMI operator interfaces, and touch screen graphical user interfaces (GUIs), modular I/O for embedded systems, computer I-O ... Low cost single board computers, microcontroller boards, industrial controllers, ... Your source for single board computers, embedded controllers, and operator interfaces for instruments and automation ... Single Board Computers. "Expansion I/O modules. Design Kits. Application Notes. Software. Accessories. FAQ. Documentation. ...
The programs and data stored on this system are licensed to or are the property of Munda Computer Edu Care. This is a private ... Copyright © 2009 - 2023 : Munda Computer Edu Care , Powered by TEJAS Information Technology ... computing system for use only by authorized users. Unauthorized access to any program or data on this system is not permitted. ...
The Home Banking Computer Interface (HBCI) is a secure transmission protocol for financial transactions in open networks such ... HBCI as a flexible user interface The HBCI interface is flexible in terms of bank- user interface, it is multi-bank capable and ... home banking computer interface (HBCI). The Home Banking Computer Interface (HBCI) is a secure transmission protocol for ... The customer computer is connected to the bank server via online access. The orders are prepared locally and confirmed by the ...
A User Study of Auditory Versus Visual Interfaces for Desktop Computer. January 2010 ... In this article, we investigate whether adding sound to an in-vehicle user interface can provide the support necessary to ... It is in the best interest of system designers, both from a safety and user experience perspective, to ensure that users are ... both the driver and the system designer to make sure that users are able to adequately, ...
User Interface Designs Computer Science homework help August 14, 2023. /in COMPUTER SCIENCE /by naomi. 7-1 Discussion: User ... Include references to the user interface guidelines as required to support your response. 7-1 Discussion: User Interface ... 7-1 Discussion: User Interface Designs Computer Science homework help. *Retail and Shopping: Walmart, Amazon. Sample the action ... outline and discuss what makes each of your selected sites a quality user interface design or an inferior user interface design ...
Graphical User Interfaces (GUI). Graphical User Interfaces (GUIs) revolutionized the way users interact with computers by ... Types of User Interfaces. Imagine a scenario where you are using a computer to complete a task, and the user interface (UI) is ... User Interface in Computers and Hardware: Operating System Overview. * Troubleshooting Network Issues: A Guide for Computer and ... User interface plays a crucial role in the interaction between users and computers, shaping their overall experience. This ...
User interface design and computer music systems. University of Hertfordshire, 1995. (UH Computer Science Technical Report). ... Polfreman, R, Sapsford-Francis, J, Lewis, J & Burrell, H 1995, User interface design and computer music systems. UH Computer ... User interface design and computer music systems. (UH Computer Science Technical Report; Vol. 215). University of Hertfordshire ... User interface design and computer music systems. University of Hertfordshire, 1995. (UH Computer Science Technical Report). ...
The displayed in-store availability is maintained as accurately as possible. Inventory changes are uploaded every 4 hours. They do NOT happen in real time. Below is a brief explanation of our terminology:. "In Stock" - The item was on the store shelves and in our inventory the last time inventory was uploaded to the online system. Please call us to confirm before relying on this information.. "Not in the store-Ships in 1-5 Days" - This item should be readily available to order for in store pickup. This also means that the item was NOT in the store during the last inventory upload.. "Backordered" - This book will ship after more than five days. This also means that the item was NOT in the store during the last inventory upload. We will order the book for you and notify you of your order status.. "Coming Soon-Pre-Order Now" - We can pre-order this book for you. If you order it now, we will notify you - or ship it to you - when we receive our shipment from the publisher. We will let you know if ...
... brain-computer interface gives you everything you need to send text messages with brain activity alone via EEG cap. According ... was released on December 5 and offers iMessage blue bubbles and end-to-end encryption to Android users. On Friday, users found ... brain-computer interface gives you everything you need to send text messages with brain activity alone via EEG cap. According ... Beeper Mini team says a fix is coming soon and promises to extend users free trials. ...
The app can work offline and has a user-friendly interface well accepted by students. App instructions are publicly available. ... Biophotonics computer app: fostering multidisciplinary distance self-paced learning with a user-friendly interface. ... Biophotonics computer app: fostering multidisciplinary distance self-paced learning with a user-friendly interface, in Danner ... The app can work offline and has a user-friendly interface well accepted by students. App instructions are publicly available. ...
In prosthetic limbs controlled through intracortical brain-computer interfaces (iBCIs), restoring this somatosensory feedback ... This demonstrates the capabilities of ICMS for providing cutaneous feedback to iBCI users.] ... Brain-Computer Interface ResearchIntracortical Microstimulation as a Feedback Source for Brain-Computer Interface Users. Part ... Brain-Computer Interface ResearchIntracortical Microstimulation as a Feedback Source for Brain-Computer Interface Users. Brain- ...
User interface modeling is a development technique used by computer application programmers. Todays user interfaces (UIs) are ... Graphical User Interfaces (GUIs), Auditory User Interfaces, and Multimodal User Interfaces. DiaMODL combines a dataflow- ... A user interface model is a representation of how the end user(s) interact with a computer program or another device and also ... and lower-level dialogs in user interfaces. Using models as part of user interface development can help capture user ...
Here are a few more interesting examples of ways to interact with computers. A Microsoft researcher has collected a historical ... Keyboards and mice have been the traditional input devices for a lot of computer users. Recently, though, touchscreens and ... Although it does seem to include a few of the more popular user interfaces eg. IBMs little red dot on laptop keyboards. ... A bunch of "mixed reality" interfaces have been demonstrated where the user interacts with objects while a vision system (or ...
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Computer Vision Laboratory: Camera Gantry. Computer Vision Laboratory: Camera Gantry User Interface. ... Facilities in the lab include the usual range of networked desktop and laptop computers and printers, space for small-project ...
User Interface Domain Leader. Mission. The User Interface Domain seeks to improve all user/computer communications on the Web. ... About the User Interface Team. Currently ten members strong, W3Cs User Interface team brings together some of todays most ... Domain Activities , The User Interface Team , News, Events, and History. In July 2001 the User Interface Domain was split into ... User Interface: improving the technology that allows users to effectively perceive and express information ...
This allows a very seamless blend of user control and computer control. At any point, the user can override the computer moves ... The user interface that results, we call the "Graspable User Interface." In the simplest definition, a Graspable User Interface ... 1.2.2 User interface characterization We now describe a user interface characterization of a Graspable UI to provide the feel ... Faster, more natural, and more convenient means for users and computers to exchange information are needed. On the users side ...
University Researchers Develop Brain-Computer Interface for Robot Control by Stephen Downes. Online learning, e-learning, new ... According to this post, researchers "have developed a brain-computer interface (BCI) that allows users to modify a robot ... University Researchers Develop Brain-Computer Interface for Robot Control Feb 08, 2022. Commentary by Stephen Downes ... Normally, a BCI "requires the user to imagine performing a physical activity, which results in neural activity that the BCI can ...
Its routines provide an interface between a high-level interpreted language (MATLAB on the Macintosh) and the video display ... User-Computer Interface* Grants and funding * EY 10016/EY/NEI NIH HHS/United States ... Its routines provide an interface between a high-level interpreted language (MATLAB on the Macintosh) and the video display ...
User-Computer Interface Substances * Proteins Grants and funding * P20 RR015578/RR/NCRR NIH HHS/United States ... generation of logistic regression spectral models from user-supplied validated data sets and flexible application of these user ...
Current direct manipulation human-computer interfaces are inadequate in these environments. Therefore, we must investigate new ... The user must attempt to base decisions on relevant information within the environment. However, due to the dynacism of the ... The cookie is set by the GDPR Cookie Consent plugin and is used to store whether or not user has consented to the use of ... The cookie is set by GDPR cookie consent to record the user consent for the cookies in the category "Functional".. ...
A Brain-Computer Music Interface (BCMI) was constructed with the aim of using music as a means of modifying the users ... An Affective Brain-computer music Interface. In Proceedings of the 6th International Brain-Computer Interface Meeting, ... Brain-Computer Music Interface (BCMI) tempo. An additional BCMI system was also developed to allow users to control the tempo ... Brain-Computer Interfaces and Neural Engineering Laboratory, School of Computer Science and Electronic Engineering, University ...
A WIRELESS USER-COMPUTER INTERFACE TO EXPLORE VARIOUS SOURCES OF BIOSIGNALS AND VISUAL BIOFEEDBACK FOR SEVERE MOTOR IMPAIRMENT ... Our study presents the development of a new user-computer interface that can be controlled by the detection of various sources ... Londral, A., Silva, H., Nunes, N., Carvalho, M., & Azevedo, L. (2013). A WIRELESS USER-COMPUTER INTERFACE TO EXPLORE VARIOUS ... Wireless sensors are placed on the body and users learn to enhance the control of detected signals by visual biofeedback, on a ...
  • Additionally, it will delve into different types of user interfaces used across various platforms - from graphical user interfaces (GUIs) to command-line interfaces (CLIs). (
  • One notable example is the introduction of graphical user interfaces (GUIs), which revolutionized the way individuals engaged with technology. (
  • It supports the description of UI for multiple contexts of use such as Character User Interfaces (CUIs), Graphical User Interfaces (GUIs), Auditory User Interfaces, and Multimodal User Interfaces. (
  • This dissertation defines and explores Graspable User Interfaces, an evolution of the input mechanisms used in graphical user interfaces (GUIs). (
  • The Graphical User Interface (GUI) is a method of interacting with a computer that uses graphics rather than words. (
  • GUI Testing is a sort of software testing that examines the product's graphical user interface. (
  • The goal of Graphical User Interface (GUI) Testing is to guarantee that a software application's features perform as expected by inspecting displays and controls such as menus, buttons, and icons. (
  • If you go to, the first thing you'll notice is the homepage, which is the site's GUI (graphical user interface). (
  • But the development of today's graphical user interface was anything but simple. (
  • The Mac's success during the 1980s spurred Apple Computer to pursue legal action over ownership of many features of the graphical user interface. (
  • The grandfather of the graphical user interface was Sketchpad [see photograph]. (
  • When Steve Jobs visited Xerox's R&D department in 1979, he was blown away by the basic graphical user-interface Xerox had been testing. (
  • The 1984 Macintosh was one of the first graphical user interfaces. (
  • This approach to graphical user interfaces caught hold across the entire computer industry. (
  • Remote Desktop Protocol (RDP) provides a graphical interface to connect to another computer over a network connection. (
  • Like conventional GUIs, physical devices function as "handles" or manual controllers for logical functions on widgets in the interface. (
  • Well, it looks like that day is close at hand: With the brand name Intendix, the €9000 (about $12,250) brain-computer interface gives you everything you need to send text messages with brain activity alone via EEG cap. (
  • Brain-Computer Interface Research Intracortical Microstimulation as a Feedback Source for Brain-Computer Interface Users %22&body=%0AI%20found%20an%20article%20you%20might%20be%20interested%20in. (
  • According to this post, researchers "have developed a brain-computer interface (BCI) that allows users to modify a robot manipulator's motion trajectories. (
  • The objective of this study was to test the usability of a new auditory Brain-Computer Interface (BCI) application for communication. (
  • We tested 11 healthy volunteers and four end-users with motor impairment in the copy spelling The objective of this study was to test the usability of a new auditory Brain-Computer Interface (BCI) application for communication. (
  • This thesis attempts to implement a library in pure Python for building real-time Brain-Computer Interface (BCI) systems. (
  • Today's user interfaces (UIs) are complex software components, which play an essential role in the usability of an application. (
  • In an attempt to enhance productivity and improve user satisfaction, Company XYZ decided to revamp its existing operating system's user interface. (
  • Cross analysis of user semi-structured interviews pointed to the system's ability to convey believable, visually appealing, realistic characters and classrooms. (
  • For a pass on the course, students shall demonstrate competence and skills individually or in groups to · contribute to a system's usability based on analyses of users' demands and needs · explain system limitations within interaction design · analyse and evaluate different types of computer application with the help of established methods. (
  • Using the guidelines presented in Chapter 8, specifically outline and discuss what makes each of your selected sites a quality user interface design or an inferior user interface design for its intended purpose. (
  • To illustrate the importance of user interface design, let us consider the case study of Company XYZ, a multinational corporation specializing in software development. (
  • Usability testing is a crucial step in the design and development process of user interfaces. (
  • This report describes preliminary work carried out as part of a PhD research project into the design of user interfaces for computer music systems (incorporating software synthesis systems). (
  • UsiXML (USer Interface eXtensible Markup Language) is an XML-based specification language for user interface design. (
  • In usage-centered design, the modeling task is to show how the actual presentation of a planned system and how the user interaction is supposed to happen. (
  • A Graspable UI design provides users concurrent access to multiple, specialized input devices which can serve as dedicated physical interface widgets, affording physical manipulation and spatial arrangements. (
  • The design and appearance of the application/software, as well as how easy it is for him to grasp the UI, are the first things that a typical user notices. (
  • Today, advances in quantum computer hardware and the design of simulation frameworks able to run quantum algorithms in classic computers make it possible to extend classic artificial intelligence models to a quantum environment. (
  • Here's why Apple started and stopped using it, how it evolved, and why it's still important to interface design. (
  • Naturally, iPhone's OS followed the skeuomorphic approach, but by this point, it probably was more of a design tradition than a tool to provide users with familiarity. (
  • This solution provides a wide set of built-in templates, user interface design examples and samples, and numerous libraries that contain a large collection of vector stencils. (
  • The Windows 10 User Interface solution and makes it easier to design professional-looking Windows 10 user interfaces, Windows 10 UI designs, Windows 10 GUI prototypes, and Windows 10 UI design patterns. (
  • The United States Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO) has published supplemental guidance for USPTO personnel to use in determining whether a design claim including a computer-generated electronic image is directed to statutory subject matter. (
  • The course gives starting points for the design of computer applications and knowledge of values and judgements. (
  • Human-computer interaction is the study of the design, evaluation and implementation of interactive computer systems. (
  • For a pass on the course, students shall demonstrate the ability to · explain and evaluate the role of the designer in interaction-related processes · evaluate the pros and cons of methods of interaction design and determine how the methods can provide a basis for the development of real-world solutions · critically evaluate methods of analysis and design of interactive systems from a user-centred perspective. (
  • user-centred design · perspectives on human-computer interfaces · design of information systems and interaction · interaction models for different types of computer application · standards and guidelines for dialogue construction · reflection on system development trends · methods and techniques for analysis and evaluation. (
  • This article provides an overview of user interfaces in computers and hardware, specifically focusing on operating systems. (
  • By examining the various elements that comprise a user interface, this article aims to shed light on how operating systems facilitate seamless communication between users and machines. (
  • This article will explore the fundamental components of user interfaces within operating systems, such as menus, icons, windows, and input devices. (
  • It describes some of the features of computer music systems, problems with current user interfaces and a possible approach to developing solutions. (
  • Nowadays, embedded systems are ideas of a microcontroller-based computer hardware system related to wireless sensors of radio frequency identification (RFID) and wireless data communication by machine-to-machine (M2M) concept. (
  • Also known as immunization registries, immunization information systems (IIS) are computer systems that have information on the shots that have been given to an individual. (
  • Similarly, the personalities of Hietala and Niemirepo's (1998) learning companion agents are comprised of a name, a picture and a personal voice and manner of speech (which is exploited as a central social feature).1 Common to all systems is that a social context is created inside the computer (c.f. (
  • Intrinsically and extrinsically social learning systems differ most markedly with respect to the case of a single individual user. (
  • Usability has become an increasingly important evaluation criterion for interactive computer systems. (
  • Brain-computer interfaces (BCIs) can revolutionize human-computer interaction as they allow for a direct interaction between the user's brain and a computer. (
  • Brain-computer interfaces (BCIs) translate brain activity into digital commands for interaction with the physical world. (
  • The Command Line Interface (CLI) is a program that allows you to write text and have the computer reply to it. (
  • Because they don't obstruct the ear canal, the headphones enable the system to convey information to the user without interrupting conversation or otherwise interfering with the user's auditory experience. (
  • MARIA XML (Model-based lAnguage foR Interactive Applications) is a universal, declarative, multiple abstraction level, XML-based user interface markup language for modelling interactive applications in ubiquitous environments. (
  • Because application models in UML describe few aspects of user interfaces, and because the model-based user interface development environments (MB-UIDE) lack ability for modeling applications, the University of Manchester started the research project UMLi in 1998. (
  • Current direct manipulation human-computer interfaces are inadequate in these environments. (
  • Therefore, we must investigate new methods for enabling users to perform their tasks within these environments. (
  • is it really the wrong system behaviour or is the user just not aware of all factors taken into account (awareness mismatch)? (
  • The programs and data stored on this system are licensed to or are the property of Munda Computer Edu Care. (
  • This is a private computing system for use only by authorized users. (
  • The HBCI system is a communication system between bank and customer computers. (
  • It is in the best interest of system designers, both from a safety and user experience perspective, to ensure that users are able to adequately hear alerts, and that drivers do not have to alter their gaze or attention during a visually and attentionally demanding task such as driving. (
  • By conducting usability tests, developers can identify any issues or challenges that users may encounter while interacting with the system. (
  • For instance, consider the case study of Xerox Palo Alto Research Center's Alto computer system that was developed in the 1970s. (
  • This pioneering system featured a GUI with icons, windows, and menus, allowing users to navigate through applications using a mouse. (
  • A user interface model is a representation of how the end user(s) interact with a computer program or another device and also how the system responds. (
  • A bunch of "mixed reality" interfaces have been demonstrated where the user interacts with objects while a vision system (or some other collection of sensors) tries to interpret the actions as user input. (
  • Here, we introduce the peptide validation software component of this system, which combines relational database-integrated electronic manual spectral annotation in Java with a new software tool in the R programming language for the generation of logistic regression spectral models from user-supplied validated data sets and flexible application of these user-generated models in automated proteomic workflows. (
  • The 'Brain-Computer Music Interface' dataset, which contains EEG and other physiological signals recorded during development and evaluation of the Brain-Computer Music Interface (BCMI) system developed in the project. (
  • FacetPhone's mobile app serves as a phone extension on the system plus it has the Unified Communications features of the computer user interface. (
  • With its Voice over IP architecture and the user interface, FacetPhone is ideal for uniting branch offices and telecommuters into a unified business communications system. (
  • We designed it with telecommuting in mind and added what came to be known as Unified Communication features that allow you to see other users' status and calls on the system, giving remote users a better sense of what their co-workers are doing. (
  • These include presence management (see other users' status), instant messaging, details of calls active on the system, visual voicemail, and visual call control. (
  • The app not only makes your smart phone an extension on the phone system but also has the users' status display, current calls display, call control, instant messaging and visual voice mail that the computer user interface has. (
  • From the Alto's concepts, starting in 1975, Xerox's System Development Department then developed the Star and introduced it in 1981-the first such user-friendly machine sold to the public. (
  • Summary: Researchers have developed a new computer interface and headset system that can transcribe our internal voice. (
  • The device is thus part of a complete silent-computing system that lets the user undetectably pose and receive answers to difficult computational problems. (
  • In one of the researchers' experiments, for instance, subjects used the system to silently report opponents' moves in a chess game and just as silently receive computer-recommended responses. (
  • another was the chess application, in which the user would report moves using the standard chess numbering system. (
  • At first eye-movements were considered as a user command for controlling the example BCI system. (
  • In the latter, all social agency and all social activities are supplied by the human users of the system. (
  • According to Barbosa and Silva 3 , interface is the name given to all portion of a system with which the user maintain contact when using it, both actively and passively. (
  • Good usability and a positive experience of an interactive computer system now provide a crucial competitive advantage. (
  • By focusing on elements like menus, icons, windows, input devices, and usability testing, developers can create intuitive and visually appealing interfaces that enhance productivity and user satisfaction. (
  • This breakthrough greatly enhanced usability and accessibility for both novice and expert users. (
  • It consists of the bank's HBCI chip card , the card reader and the customer computer with the banking software . (
  • With the browsing software, users were able to observe detailed and realistic features of the dissected and flexed knees. (
  • During six years at Aldus, Larson-Green worked her way into software development and earned a master's in computer science on the side. (
  • The user is unfamiliar with the XYZ software/application. (
  • The purpose of this study is to investigate the role of the use of computer hardware in online learning has a positive effect on online student satisfaction, investigate the role of The use of computer software in online learning has a positive effect on online student satisfaction and investigate the role of Lecturer involvement in online learning. (
  • This community service proposed assistance from competent instructors to educate participants to get to know computer hardware and software, ranging from variations, and models, to supporting components based on the research approach method in the electrical engineering field. (
  • The Windows 10 User Interface solution extends significantly ConceptDraw DIAGRAM functionality by adding the look-and-feel functions of GUI software and makes it a great assistant for Win10 designers, developers, and software engineers. (
  • The Windows 10 User Interface solution is available to all ConceptDraw DIAGRAM users to get installed and used while working in the ConceptDraw DIAGRAM diagramming and drawing software. (
  • The user employs RDP client software for this purpose, while the other computer must run RDP server software. (
  • Material and methods: Software were assessed in the period from July to October of 2011 by using the following criteria: functions, interface, security and price. (
  • With the rise of smartphones and tablets, touchscreen interfaces gained popularity due to their ease-of-use and portability. (
  • Windows 10 which has a number of innovations and advantages, and is designed to become unified for different devices, such as personal computers, tablets, smartphones, game consoles, and other portable devices. (
  • User interfaces have undergone significant developments throughout the history of computing, enabling users to interact with computers and hardware in more intuitive ways. (
  • Here are a few more interesting examples of ways to interact with computers. (
  • According to Shleyer and Spallek 29 , dentistry informatics is the application of both the computer and the scientific information in the improvement of the dental practice. (
  • User interface plays a crucial role in the interaction between users and computers, shaping their overall experience. (
  • In conclusion, user interfaces play a crucial role in facilitating effective communication between users and computers. (
  • Some of the models that may be considered for UI-modeling are: Domain model, including data model (defines the objects that a user can view, access and manipulate through the user interface) Navigation model, defines how the objects that a user view could be navigated through the user interface Task model. (
  • in some cases safer, user experience. (
  • This information can then be used to make necessary improvements and refinements to enhance the overall user experience. (
  • Performance cookies are used to understand and analyze the key performance indexes of the website which helps in delivering a better user experience for the visitors. (
  • The primary things that help you create a good user experience are empathy, and being able to put yourself in the place of people who are using the products," she said. (
  • Web navigation : designing the user experience / Jennifer Fleming. (
  • IEEE websites place cookies on your device to give you the best user experience. (
  • Or it can provide the user familiarity and understanding of how the new object works - assuming the user has previous experience with the original object. (
  • This site uses cookies to enhance the user experience. (
  • By investing time and resources into developing a more streamlined and visually appealing user interface, Company XYZ sought to create an environment where users could effortlessly navigate through tasks while maximizing efficiency. (
  • Users had to type commands into a text-based interface to execute tasks. (
  • For example, modeling techniques can describe interaction objects, tasks, and lower-level dialogs in user interfaces. (
  • An entity is a person, place, or object that is considered relevant to the interaction between a user and an application, including the user and applications themselves. (
  • User interface modeling is a development technique used by computer application programmers. (
  • For a computer application, there are two sorts of interfaces. (
  • The user interface of an application determines whether or not a user will continue to use it. (
  • If a user is uncomfortable with the interface or finds the application difficult to comprehend, he will never use it again. (
  • There are a few samples that you see on this page which were created in the ConceptDraw DIAGRAM application by using the Windows 10 User Interface solution. (
  • An application with minimal user interface to backup your personal or business computers. (
  • Deploy the thin client application and perform backup or restore, manage settings, for your computers via the web. (
  • Remotely install the IDrive application from Windows Server, to multiple computers, by using Microsoft Active Directory Group Policy. (
  • The overall aim of the course is for the students to gain a solid general knowledge of how to evaluate and analyse different types of computer application. (
  • Facilities in the lab include the usual range of networked desktop and laptop computers and printers, space for small-project team meetings, workbenches for assembly and maintenance of electronic components, specialized equipment to support vision research, and small robotic ground- and air-vehicle test beds. (
  • Our study presents the development of a new user-computer interface that can be controlled by the detection of various sources of biosignals. (
  • In 1984, the low-cost Macintosh from Apple Computer Inc ., Cupertino, Calif., brought the friendly interface to thousands of personal computer users. (
  • Jobs quickly saw the potential and Apple began building its own which would become the interface for the 1984 Macintosh. (
  • Results of search for 'su:{User-computer interface. (
  • Arnav Kapur, a researcher in the Fluid Interfaces group at the MIT Media Lab, demonstrates the AlterEgo project. (
  • Although efficient for experienced users, this approach required memorizing numerous commands and lacked visual elements. (
  • The portion of an interactive computer program that issues messages to and receives commands from a user. (
  • Throughout the 1970s and early 1980s, many of the early concepts for windows, menus, icons, and mice were arduously researched at Xerox Corp.'s Palo Alto Research Center (PARC) , Palo Alto, Calif. In 1973, PARC developed the prototype Alto , the first of two computers that would prove seminal in this area. (
  • In the conference paper, the researchers report a prototype of a wearable silent-speech interface, which wraps around the back of the neck like a telephone headset and has tentacle-like curved appendages that touch the face at seven locations on either side of the mouth and along the jaws. (
  • There are 22 libraries containing 495 vector shapes in the Windows 10 User Interface solution. (
  • Using models as part of user interface development can help capture user requirements, avoid premature commitment to specific layouts and widgets, and make the relationships between an interface's different parts and their roles explicit. (
  • It took some 30 years of effort by engineers and computer scientists in universities, government laboratories, and corporate research groups, piggybacking on each other's work, trying new ideas, repeating each other's mistakes. (
  • interfaces for a driving context. (
  • The term user interface modeling is mostly used in an information technology context. (
  • UMLi aims to address this problem of designing and implementing user interfaces using a combination of UML and MB-UIDE. (
  • Incorporating features like screen readers, keyboard shortcuts, and adjustable font sizes can significantly improve accessibility for these users. (
  • When the computer screen came along and we got to see what we were working on in real-time, the average consumer was not keen on the text-based interface or command line input. (
  • In this thesis the concept of Graspable user interfaces is defined. (
  • Massachusetts Institute of Technology student Ivan E. Sutherland built it in 1962 as a Ph.D. thesis at MIT's Lincoln Laboratory in Lexington, Mass. Sketchpad users could not only draw points, line segments, and circular arcs on a cathode ray tube (CRT) with a light pen-they could also assign constraints to, and relationships among, whatever they drew. (
  • Wireless sensors are placed on the body and users learn to enhance the control of detected signals by visual biofeedback, on a switch based control approach. (
  • By directly interacting with virtual elements displayed on screens through gestures like tapping or swiping, users could seamlessly navigate various applications without physical keyboards or mice. (
  • By using physical objects, we not only allow users to employ a larger expressive range of gestures and grasping behaviors but also to leverage off of a user's innate spatial reasoning skills and everyday knowledge of object manipulations. (
  • UH Computer Science Technical Report, vol. 215, University of Hertfordshire. (
  • Kapur is first author on the paper, Maes is the senior author, and they're joined by Shreyas Kapur, an undergraduate major in electrical engineering and computer science. (
  • Controlling your calls with the user interface instead of buttons on your phone makes transfers, conferencing, holding, parking, etc intuitive and easy. (
  • There exist several approaches to modeling a user interface. (
  • A well-designed interface should accommodate users with diverse needs, such as those with visual impairments or physical disabilities. (
  • Apart from marking computers as running on public clouds from the user interface, there are other methods that are specific for each type of License Metric Tool deployment. (
  • Combinations of music excerpts and computer-generated music were used as stimuli, and participants' felt emotions were recorded via self-reports as they listened to music via a battery of widely-used methods. (
  • From the presented results, we discuss how the use of electronic games and other activities mediated by the computer can be a possible tool to promote a more interested and less apprehensive approach of the points of difficulty that the school can't solve by the most traditional methods used in classroom. (
  • The course covers central ideas within the area of human-computer interaction, as well as theory and methods. (
  • This "French kissing" interface probably has a bit of an "eww" factor for most gamers - but maybe there are applications for quadriplegics. (
  • It gives for its users the access to the list of all notifications from the applications that were missed for whatever reasons, no matter these applications are run at this moment or not. (
  • A task analysis of an existing interface's input activities and how to convert these to Graspable user interface devices is presented. (
  • Fig. 2: User interface allows interactive control of gantry position. (
  • In particular, the Domain is working on formats and languages that will present information to users with more accuracy and a higher level of control. (
  • Simplicity refers to keeping the interface clean and uncluttered, avoiding unnecessary complexity that could overwhelm or confuse users. (
  • Mice, windows, icons, and menus: these are the ingredients of computer interfaces designed to be easy to grasp, simplicity itself to use, and straightforward to describe. (
  • It involves observing and gathering feedback from potential users to evaluate the effectiveness and efficiency of an interface. (
  • It allowed users to perform actions by simply clicking on objects rather than relying solely on textual input. (
  • Keyboards and mice have been the traditional input devices for a lot of computer users. (
  • A laptop is a portable form of computer device with all of its input, output, and other constituent units inbuilt in one single package. (
  • Its routines provide an interface between a high-level interpreted language (MATLAB on the Macintosh) and the video display hardware. (
  • Computers that run on public clouds must additionally be identified as such. (
  • The key idea is to separate the user interface and presentation from the data model and logic, allowinging the same form to be used on a wide variety of devices such as voice browers, handhelds, desktops and even paper. (
  • Among other things, it explains how Larson-Green tries to tap empathy for computer users and how she relies on data about how people actually interact with their PCs. (
  • Backup data on your computer to your IDrive account via the web. (
  • A laptop, sometimes called a notebook computer by manufacturers, is a battery-or AC-powered personal computer (PC) smaller than a briefcase. (
  • Aside from size, the principal difference between a notebook computer and a personal computer is the display screen. (
  • The frame of reference for this discussion was the IBM Personal Computer and equivalent computers. (