Urodynamics: The mechanical laws of fluid dynamics as they apply to urine transport.Diagnostic Techniques, Urological: Methods and procedures for the diagnosis of diseases or dysfunction of the urinary tract or its organs or demonstration of its physiological processes.Urology: A surgical specialty concerned with the study, diagnosis, and treatment of diseases of the urinary tract in both sexes, and the genital tract in the male. Common urological problems include urinary obstruction, URINARY INCONTINENCE, infections, and UROGENITAL NEOPLASMS.Urinary Incontinence, Stress: Involuntary discharge of URINE as a result of physical activities that increase abdominal pressure on the URINARY BLADDER without detrusor contraction or overdistended bladder. The subtypes are classified by the degree of leakage, descent and opening of the bladder neck and URETHRA without bladder contraction, and sphincter deficiency.Suburethral Slings: Support structures, made from natural or synthetic materials, that are implanted below the URETHRA to treat URINARY STRESS INCONTINENCE.Urologic Diseases: Pathological processes of the URINARY TRACT in both males and females.Urologic Surgical Procedures: Surgery performed on the urinary tract or its parts in the male or female. For surgery of the male genitalia, UROLOGIC SURGICAL PROCEDURES, MALE is available.Urinary Incontinence: Involuntary loss of URINE, such as leaking of urine. It is a symptom of various underlying pathological processes. Major types of incontinence include URINARY URGE INCONTINENCE and URINARY STRESS INCONTINENCE.Urinary Bladder, Neurogenic: Dysfunction of the URINARY BLADDER due to disease of the central or peripheral nervous system pathways involved in the control of URINATION. This is often associated with SPINAL CORD DISEASES, but may also be caused by BRAIN DISEASES or PERIPHERAL NERVE DISEASES.Urinary Bladder, Overactive: Symptom of overactive detrusor muscle of the URINARY BLADDER that contracts with abnormally high frequency and urgency. Overactive bladder is characterized by the frequent feeling of needing to urinate during the day, during the night, or both. URINARY INCONTINENCE may or may not be present.Urinary Bladder: A musculomembranous sac along the URINARY TRACT. URINE flows from the KIDNEYS into the bladder via the ureters (URETER), and is held there until URINATION.Urinary Bladder Neck Obstruction: Blocked urine flow through the bladder neck, the narrow internal urethral opening at the base of the URINARY BLADDER. Narrowing or strictures of the URETHRA can be congenital or acquired. It is often observed in males with enlarged PROSTATE glands.Urethra: A tube that transports URINE from the URINARY BLADDER to the outside of the body in both the sexes. It also has a reproductive function in the male by providing a passage for SPERM.Urination: Discharge of URINE, liquid waste processed by the KIDNEY, from the body.Transurethral Resection of Prostate: Removal of all or part of the PROSTATE, often using a cystoscope and/or resectoscope passed through the URETHRA.Gynecologic Surgical Procedures: Surgery performed on the female genitalia.Preoperative Care: Care given during the period prior to undergoing surgery when psychological and physical preparations are made according to the special needs of the individual patient. This period spans the time between admission to the hospital to the time the surgery begins. (From Dictionary of Health Services Management, 2d ed)Lower Urinary Tract Symptoms: Symptoms of disorders of the lower urinary tract including frequency, NOCTURIA; urgency, incomplete voiding, and URINARY INCONTINENCE. They are often associated with OVERACTIVE BLADDER; URINARY INCOMPETENCE; and INTERSTITIAL CYSTITIS. Lower urinary tract symptoms in males were traditionally called PROSTATISM.Plasticizers: Materials incorporated mechanically in plastics (usually PVC) to increase flexibility, workability or distensibility; due to the non-chemical inclusion, plasticizers leach out from the plastic and are found in body fluids and the general environment.Diethylhexyl Phthalate: An ester of phthalic acid. It appears as a light-colored, odorless liquid and is used as a plasticizer for many resins and elastomers.Heinz Bodies: Abnormal intracellular inclusions, composed of denatured hemoglobin, found on the membrane of red blood cells. They are seen in thalassemias, enzymopathies, hemoglobinopathies, and after splenectomy.Gallbladder Emptying: A process whereby bile is delivered from the gallbladder into the duodenum. The emptying is caused by both contraction of the gallbladder and relaxation of the sphincter mechanism at the choledochal terminus.Perfusion: Treatment process involving the injection of fluid into an organ or tissue.Extracorporeal Circulation: Diversion of blood flow through a circuit located outside the body but continuous with the bodily circulation.History, 16th Century: Time period from 1501 through 1600 of the common era.Fecal Incontinence: Failure of voluntary control of the anal sphincters, with involuntary passage of feces and flatus.Urogenital Surgical Procedures: Surgery performed on the urinary tract or its organs and on the male or female genitalia.Urinary Incontinence, Urge: Involuntary discharge of URINE that is associated with an abrupt and strong desire to void. It is usually related to the involuntary contractions of the detrusor muscle of the bladder (detrusor hyperreflexia or detrusor instability).Federal Government: The level of governmental organization and function at the national or country-wide level.Government: The complex of political institutions, laws, and customs through which the function of governing is carried out in a specific political unit.Robotics: The application of electronic, computerized control systems to mechanical devices designed to perform human functions. Formerly restricted to industry, but nowadays applied to artificial organs controlled by bionic (bioelectronic) devices, like automated insulin pumps and other prostheses.Surgery, Computer-Assisted: Surgical procedures conducted with the aid of computers. This is most frequently used in orthopedic and laparoscopic surgery for implant placement and instrument guidance. Image-guided surgery interactively combines prior CT scans or MRI images with real-time video.Supraglottitis: Inflammation of the EPIGLOTTIS and supraglottic structures including the PHARYNX; UVULA; base of tongue; and aryepiglottic folds. It is usually caused by HAEMOPHILUS INFLUENZAE in children but often by different organisms in adults.International Cooperation: The interaction of persons or groups of persons representing various nations in the pursuit of a common goal or interest.Congresses as Topic: Conferences, conventions or formal meetings usually attended by delegates representing a special field of interest.EuropeTravel: Aspects of health and disease related to travel.Cystitis, Interstitial: A condition with recurring discomfort or pain in the URINARY BLADDER and the surrounding pelvic region without an identifiable disease. Severity of pain in interstitial cystitis varies greatly and often is accompanied by increased urination frequency and urgency.Cystitis: Inflammation of the URINARY BLADDER, either from bacterial or non-bacterial causes. Cystitis is usually associated with painful urination (dysuria), increased frequency, urgency, and suprapubic pain.Pentosan Sulfuric Polyester: A sulfated pentosyl polysaccharide with heparin-like properties.Pelvic Pain: Pain in the pelvic region of genital and non-genital origin and of organic or psychogenic etiology. Frequent causes of pain are distension or contraction of hollow viscera, rapid stretching of the capsule of a solid organ, chemical irritation, tissue ischemia, and neuritis secondary to inflammatory, neoplastic, or fibrotic processes in adjacent organs. (Kase, Weingold & Gershenson: Principles and Practice of Clinical Gynecology, 2d ed, pp479-508)Patient Education as Topic: The teaching or training of patients concerning their own health needs.Societies, Medical: Societies whose membership is limited to physicians.Diagnosis, Computer-Assisted: Application of computer programs designed to assist the physician in solving a diagnostic problem.Gastroenterology: A subspecialty of internal medicine concerned with the study of the physiology and diseases of the digestive system and related structures (esophagus, liver, gallbladder, and pancreas).Neurology: A medical specialty concerned with the study of the structures, functions, and diseases of the nervous system.Prince Edward Island: An island in the Gulf of St. Lawrence constituting a province of Canada in the eastern part of the country. It is very irregular in shape with many deep inlets. Its capital is Charlottetown. Discovered by the French in 1534 and originally named Ile Saint-Jean, it was renamed in 1799 in honor of Prince Edward, fourth son of George III and future father of Queen Victoria. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p981 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p433)New Brunswick: A province of eastern Canada, one of the Maritime Provinces with NOVA SCOTIA; PRINCE EDWARD ISLAND; and sometimes NEWFOUNDLAND AND LABRADOR. Its capital is Fredericton. It was named in honor of King George III, of the House of Hanover, also called Brunswick. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p828 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p375)Nova Scotia: A province of eastern Canada, one of the Maritime Provinces with NEW BRUNSWICK; PRINCE EDWARD ISLAND; and sometimes NEWFOUNDLAND AND LABRADOR. Its capital is Halifax. The territory was granted in 1621 by James I to the Scotsman Sir William Alexander and was called Nova Scotia, the Latin for New Scotland. The territory had earlier belonged to the French, under the name of Acadia. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p871 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p384)American Hospital Association: A professional society in the United States whose membership is composed of hospitals.Methanobacteriales: An order of anaerobic, coccoid to rod-shaped methanogens, in the kingdom EURYARCHAEOTA. They are nonmotile, do not catabolize carbohydrates, proteinaceous material, or organic compounds other than formate or carbon monoxide, and are widely distributed in nature.Community Networks: Organizations and individuals cooperating together toward a common goal at the local or grassroots level.

Renal function in high-output heart failure in rats: role of endogenous natriuretic peptides. (1/693)

The physiologic and pathophysiologic importance of natriuretic peptides (NP) has been imperfectly defined. The diminished renal responses to exogenous atrial NP in heart failure have led to the perception that the endogenous NP system might be less effective and thus contribute to renal sodium retention in heart failure. This study tests the hypothesis that in experimental heart failure, the renal responses to an acute volume load are still dependent on the NP system. The specific antagonist HS-142-1 was used to block the effects of NP in a model of high-output heart failure induced by an aortocaval shunt. Plasma cGMP levels and renal cGMP excretion were significantly lower in shunted and sham-operated rats receiving HS-142-1, compared with vehicle-treated controls, indicating effective blockade of guanylate cyclase-coupled receptors. Baseline sodium excretion and urine flow rate were lower in HS-142-1-treated sham-operated rats (15.2+/-1.1 microl/min versus 27.5+/-3.1 microl/min with vehicle, P < 0.001) and in HS-142-1-treated shunted rats (8.1+/-1.3 microl/min versus 19.9+/-2.3 microl/min with vehicle, P < 0.001). After an acute volume load, the diuretic and natriuretic responses were attenuated by HS-142-1 in control and shunted rats. The renal responses were reduced by HS-142-1 to a significantly greater extent in shunted rats than in control rats. HS-142-1 did not induce any significant systemic hemodynamic changes in either group, nor did it alter renal blood flow. However, the GFR in HS-142-1-treated shunted rats was lower than that in vehicle-treated shunted rats, both at baseline (0.6+/-0.3 ml/min versus 2.1+/-0.4 ml/min with vehicle, P < 0.05) and after an acute volume load (1.2+/-0.4 ml/min versus 2.6+/-0.4 ml/min with vehicle, P = 0.01), whereas no such effect was observed in control rats. These data indicate that the maintenance of basal renal function and the responses to acute volume loading are dependent on the NP system. The NP seem to be of particular importance for the maintenance of GFR in this model of experimental heart failure. These observations provide new insights into the importance of the renal NP system in heart failure.  (+info)

Utility of ultrasound of the upper urinary tract in elderly men with indicators of obstructive symptoms or abnormal flow: how often can silent hydronephrosis be detected in general practice? (2/693)

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: While the prevalence of hydronephrosis is very low in obduction studies, a prevalence of 3-13% is reported for patients with an obstruction who are listed for prostatectomy. In order to evaluate the usefulness of transabdominal ultrasound in primary care, we determined the occurrence of hydronephrosis in males with symptoms of urinary obstruction in a general practice setting. METHOD: A micturition questionnaire (a modified Boyarsky) was sent to all men of 55 years or more who were registered in 10 general practices in Maastricht, and was followed by an examination at their general practice. Men with obstructive symptoms and/or with a free-flow abnormality were examined in the hospital with transabdominal ultrasound in order to detect dilatation of the upper urinary tract. This ultrasound was repeated approximately 15 months later. RESULTS: At the first measurement, none of the examined men (n = 178) had hydronephrosis, and this was still the case for 94 men 15 months later. CONCLUSION: Renal ultrasound is not necessary in general practice for men with uncomplicated obstructive complaints.  (+info)

Central administration of [Phe1psi(CH2-NH)Gly2]nociceptin(1-13)-NH2 and orphanin FQ/nociceptin (OFQ/N) produce similar cardiovascular and renal responses in conscious rats. (3/693)

In vitro studies have shown that [Phe1Psi(CH2-NH)Gly2]OFQ/N(1-13)-NH2 (referred to as [FG]OFQ/N(1-13)-NH2) is the first selective antagonist to prevent the binding of the endogenous ligand orphanin FQ/Nociceptin (OFQ/N) at the orphan opioid-like receptor. In the present study, we examined the potential changes in cardiovascular and renal function produced by the i.c.v. injection of [FG]OFQ/N(1-13)-NH2 in conscious Sprague-Dawley rats. In conscious rats, i.c.v. injection of [FG]OFQ/N(1-13)-NH2 produced a marked and sustained decrease in heart rate, mean arterial pressure, and urinary sodium excretion and a profound increase in urine flow rate (i.e., a water diuresis). The cardiovascular and renal excretory responses produced by i.c.v. [FG]OFQ/N(1-13)-NH2 were dose dependent and were similar in pattern but of longer duration than responses evoked by i.c.v. OFQ/N. In other animals, the i.c.v. injection of OFQ/N(1-13)-NH2, a potential metabolite of [FG]OFQ/N(1-13)-NH2, produced changes in cardiovascular and renal function that were comparable to those evoked by i.c.v. [FG]OFQ/N(1-13)-NH2. In contrast, OFQ/N(2-17), a fragment of OFQ/N [OFQ/N(1-17)], was inactive when administered centrally. Finally, studies were performed to determine whether [FG]OFQ/N(1-13)-NH2 may be an antagonist at the orphan opioid-like receptor receptor when administered centrally at a dose that alone was inactive. In these studies, i.c.v. pretreatment of animals with low-dose [FG]OFQ/N(1-13)-NH2 failed to prevent the cardiovascular and renal excretory response to i.c.v. OFQ/N. Although [FG]OFQ/N(1-13)-NH2 is reported to be an antagonist of the OFQ/N receptor in vitro, these findings indicate that this compound has agonist activity similar to that of the endogenous ligand OFQ/N when administered centrally in vivo.  (+info)

Comparison of two aquaretic drugs (niravoline and OPC-31260) in cirrhotic rats with ascites and water retention. (4/693)

kappa-Opioid receptor agonists (niravoline) or nonpeptide antidiuretic hormone (ADH) V2 receptor antagonists (OPC-31260) possess aquaretic activity in cirrhosis; however, there is no information concerning the effects induced by the chronic administration of these drugs under this condition. To compare the renal and hormonal effects induced by the long-term oral administration of niravoline, OPC-31260, or vehicle, urine volume, urinary osmolality, sodium excretion, and urinary excretion of aldosterone (ALD) and ADH were measured in basal conditions and for 10 days after the daily oral administration of niravoline, OPC-31260, or vehicle to cirrhotic rats with ascites and water retention. Creatinine clearance, serum osmolality, ADH mRNA expression, and systemic hemodynamics were also measured at the end of the study. Niravoline increased water excretion, peripheral resistance, serum osmolality, and sodium excretion and reduced creatinine clearance, ALD and ADH excretion, and mRNA expression of ADH. OPC-31260 also increased water metabolism and sodium excretion and reduced urinary ALD, although the aquaretic effect was only evident during the first 2 days, and no effects on serum osmolality, renal filtration, and systemic hemodynamics were observed. Therefore, both agents have aquaretic efficacy, but the beneficial therapeutic effects of the long-term oral administration of niravoline are more consistent than those of OPC-31260 in cirrhotic rats with ascites and water retention.  (+info)

Congenital kyphosis in myelomeningocele. The effect of cordotomy on bladder function. (5/693)

To determine the effect of cordotomy on the function of the bladder during surgical correction of congenital kyphosis in myelomeningocele, we reviewed 13 patients who had this procedure between 1981 and 1996. The mean age of the patients at operation was 8.9 years (3.7 to 16) and the mean follow-up was 4.8 years (1.3 to 10.8). Bladder function before and after operation was assessed clinically and quantitatively by urodynamics. The mean preoperative kyphosis was 117 degrees (52 to 175) and decreased to 49 degrees (1 to 89) immediately after surgery. At the latest follow-up, a mean correction of 52% had been achieved. Only one patient showed deterioration in bladder function after operation. Eight out of the nine patients who had urodynamic assessment had improvement in bladder capacity and compliance, and five showed an increase in urethral pressure. One patient developed a spastic bladder and required subsequent surgical intervention. Cordotomy, at or below the level of the kyphosis, allows excellent correction of the structural deformity.  (+info)

Voiding function study with ultrasound in male and female neonates. (6/693)

BACKGROUND: The neonatal period has been characterized as a time when males have a much higher incidence of urinary infection and severe ureteral reflux than females. However, little information about the voiding function in the neonatal period is available. METHODS: The bladder urine volumes, before and after voiding, and urinary flow rates were determined with the use of noninvasive voiding-provocation maneuvers and ultrasound in the apparently normal neonates. RESULTS: There was no significant difference in the prevoid bladder urine volume between the two sexes. After they were stimulated to enhance the tension of their abdominal wall musculature, 65 of 118 females (55.1%) and 64 of 115 males (55.7%) voided. The voiding was observed in 94 (81.0%) of the 116 neonates who had had a prevoid volume above 12 ml. The residual urine expressed as a percentage of the prevoid volume was significantly higher in the males (median, 12.0% in males vs. 3.0% in females, P < 0.01), with the values being above 20% in 26 (41%) of the 64 males compared with 10 (15%) of the 65 females (P < 0.01). Urinary flow rates, determined in 52 neonates, were significantly smaller in males than in females (mean +/- SD, 2.6 +/- 0.9 g/second vs. 3.8 +/- 1.3 g/second, respectively, P < 0.001). CONCLUSION: This voiding function study with ultrasound using noninvasive voiding-provocation maneuvers successfully revealed that male neonates have a larger residual urine volume and smaller urinary flow rates than female neonates. This study should be useful for the diagnosis of voiding dysfunction in children with abnormal urinary symptoms.  (+info)

Expression of the polymeric immunoglobulin receptor and excretion of secretory IgA in the postischemic kidney. (7/693)

The humoral mucosal immune response of the kidney involves the transport of secretory IgA (S-IgA) through renal epithelial cells by the polymeric immunoglobulin receptor (pIgR). The pIgR is cleaved and released as free secretory component (FSC) or attached to IgA (S-IgA). We examined the effects of an ischemic model of acute renal failure (ARF) on the expression of pIgR and the secretion of FSC and S-IgA in the urine. Kidney pIgR mRNA levels decreased in ischemic animals by 55% at 4 h and by 85% at 72 h compared with controls. pIgR protein expression in the medullary thick ascending limb (TAL) decreased within 24 h and was nearly undetectable by 72 h. Urinary S-IgA and FSC concentrations decreased by 60% between days 3 and 6. pIgR mRNA and pIgR protein in the kidney returned to approximately 90% of control levels and urinary FSC and S-IgA concentrations returned to approximately 55% of control levels by day 7. We demonstrate that ischemic ARF decreases renal mucosal S-IgA transport in vivo and may contribute to the increased incidence of urinary tract infections.  (+info)

Effects of ZD6169, a K(ATP) channel opener, on the micturition reflex in the rat. (8/693)

The effects of ZD6169, a new ATP-sensitive potassium channel opener, on reflex urinary bladder activity were evaluated in urethane-anesthetized female Wistar rats. Continuous transvesical slow infusion cystometrograms (0.04 ml/min) were performed in untreated, capsaicin-pretreated (125 mg/kg s.c., 4 days before experiments) and capsaicin vehicle-pretreated rats. Intravesical infusion of ZD6169 in concentrations of 6, 15, 30, and 300 nM for 2 h at each concentration increased the intercontraction interval and pressure threshold for voiding in a concentration-dependent manner in untreated and vehicle-pretreated rats but not in capsaicin-pretreated animals. The effects appeared within 30 min after administration. ZD6169 did not alter baseline bladder pressure, duration of contractions, or the peak pressure during voiding. Glibenclamide (20 mg/kg i.v.) reversed the effects of ZD6169 (30 nM). During transvesical cystometrograms performed at a fast rate (0.21 ml/min), ZD6169 in concentrations between 6 and 300 nM did not alter the intercontraction interval or pressure threshold for voiding. ZD6169 produced smaller and more variable effects during slow transurethral cystometrograms. Capsaicin, a C-fiber afferent neurotoxin, administered s.c. 4 days before the experiment, produced similar changes and also eliminated the effect of ZD6169. These data suggest that ZD6169 raises the threshold for activation of C-fiber mechanoreceptors in the bladder wall and thereby increases the bladder volume for inducing reflex voiding.  (+info)

  • The global Urodynamics Equipments market is valued at million US$ in 2017 and will reach million US$ by the end of 2025, growing at a CAGR of during 2018-2025. (marketdeeper.com)
  • In this study, the years considered to estimate the market size of Urodynamics Equipments are as follows: History Year: 2013-2017 Base Year: 2017 Estimated Year: 2018 Forecast Year 2018 to 2025 This report includes the estimation of market size for value (million US$) and volume (K Units). (marketdeeper.com)
  • Multichannel urodynamic studies are more complex than simple urodynamics and can be used to obtain additional information, including a noninvasive uroflow, PVR, filling CMG, abdominal leak-point pressure (ALPP), voiding CMG (pressure-flow study), and electromyography (EMG). (medscape.com)
  • The ultimate goal of urodynamics is to aid in the correct diagnosis of lower urinary tract dusfunction based upon its pathophysiology. (medscape.com)
  • This report studies the global market size of Urodynamics Equipments in key regions like North America, Europe, Asia Pacific, Central & South America and Middle East & Africa, focuses on the consumption of Urodynamics Equipments in these regions. (marketdeeper.com)
  • Focuses on the key global Urodynamics Equipments companies, to define, describe and analyze the sales volume, value, market share, market competition landscape and recent development. (marketdeeper.com)
  • To project the value and sales volume of Urodynamics Equipments submarkets, with respect to key regions. (marketdeeper.com)
  • The objectives of this study are to define, segment, and project the size of the Urodynamics Equipments market based on company, product type, end user and key regions. (marketdeeper.com)
  • Malvern Medical Developments has been involved in Urodynamics since its inception. (malmed.co.uk)
  • Therefore, it is important to correctly utilize urodynamics by performing the test to answer a clear diagnostic question. (medscape.com)
  • A study of nearly 400 women with IC-like symptoms showed that the older, strict diagnostic criteria that included urodynamics and cystoscopy with hydrodistention resulted in misdiagnosis in up to 60 percent of patients. (ichelp.org)
  • As urodynamics is only one part of the comprehensive evaluation of LUTS, the findings of this guideline are intended to assist the clinician in the appropriate selection of urodynamic tests following an appropriate evaluation and symptom characterization. (auanet.org)
  • To help describe urodynamics, the ICA spoke with urogynecology nurse Tamara Dickinson, RN, of UT Southwestern Medical Center in Dallas, who performs these tests for the practice there. (ichelp.org)
  • Urodynamics consists of a series of individual tests. (urologyaustin.com)
  • Urodynamics offers a range of tests performed when all other possible explanations have proved fruitless and you haven't responded to normal treatments for common conditions such as overactive bladder syndrome. (qanber.com)
  • Live demonstration of Urodynamics in dedicated centers will be an integral part of this course. (cemast.org)
  • He believes that urologists can judge whether the bladder has lost its ability to expand clinically, without urodynamics and finds that bladder diaries are more useful and relevant than urodynamics for evaluating bladder capacity. (ichelp.org)
  • Aquarius TT™ offers the ultimate research level wireless Urodynamics Industrial PC technology to the most knowledgeable clinician and researcher today. (bio-medicine.org)
  • Rezvan A, Amaya S, Betson L, Yazdany T. Randomized controlled trial of the effect of environment on patient embarrassment and anxiety with urodynamics. (springer.com)
  • This report studies the global market size of Urodynamics Equipments in key regions like North America, Europe, Asia Pacific, Central & South America and Middle East & Africa, focuses on the consumption of Urodynamics Equipments in these regions. (marketdeeper.com)
  • You will be able to resume all previous activities, including driving, upon completion of the Urodynamics studies. (centralmourology.com)
  • It was re-entered up by a download imaging and urodynamics of the lower urinary cell at UCL. (innomech.de)
  • Tamara, in fact, started her urology career doing urodynamics, lectures to other nurses about it, and wrote the Society for Urologic Nurses and Associates' patient fact sheet on the testing. (ichelp.org)
  • Focuses on the key global Urodynamics Equipments companies, to define, describe and analyze the sales volume, value, market share, market competition landscape and recent development. (marketdeeper.com)
  • But 77 download imaging and urodynamics of were practices to mimic effective for modelling mandatory courageous award. (innomech.de)
  • Urethral diverticulum or obstruction and overactive bladder (OAB) require different treatment from those prescribed for IC-without urodynamics, Dr. Blaivas says, the doctor wouldn't know whether you had them. (ichelp.org)