Urology: A surgical specialty concerned with the study, diagnosis, and treatment of diseases of the urinary tract in both sexes, and the genital tract in the male. Common urological problems include urinary obstruction, URINARY INCONTINENCE, infections, and UROGENITAL NEOPLASMS.Urology Department, Hospital: Hospital department responsible for the administration and provision of diagnostic and therapeutic services for the urologic patient.Urologic Surgical Procedures: Surgery performed on the urinary tract or its parts in the male or female. For surgery of the male genitalia, UROLOGIC SURGICAL PROCEDURES, MALE is available.Urinary Bladder: A musculomembranous sac along the URINARY TRACT. URINE flows from the KIDNEYS into the bladder via the ureters (URETER), and is held there until URINATION.Urinary Tract Infections: Inflammatory responses of the epithelium of the URINARY TRACT to microbial invasions. They are often bacterial infections with associated BACTERIURIA and PYURIA.Urinary Tract: The duct which coveys URINE from the pelvis of the KIDNEY through the URETERS, BLADDER, and URETHRA.Urinary Retention: Inability to empty the URINARY BLADDER with voiding (URINATION).Urologic Diseases: Pathological processes of the URINARY TRACT in both males and females.Urinary Incontinence: Involuntary loss of URINE, such as leaking of urine. It is a symptom of various underlying pathological processes. Major types of incontinence include URINARY URGE INCONTINENCE and URINARY STRESS INCONTINENCE.Urinary Catheterization: Passage of a CATHETER into the URINARY BLADDER or kidney.Urinary Calculi: Low-density crystals or stones in any part of the URINARY TRACT. Their chemical compositions often include CALCIUM OXALATE, magnesium ammonium phosphate (struvite), CYSTINE, or URIC ACID.Cystoscopy: Endoscopic examination, therapy or surgery of the urinary bladder.Urinary Bladder Diseases: Pathological processes of the URINARY BLADDER.Reference Books, Medical: Books in the field of medicine intended primarily for consultation.Urinary Bladder Calculi: Stones in the URINARY BLADDER; also known as vesical calculi, bladder stones, or cystoliths.Urinary Bladder Neoplasms: Tumors or cancer of the URINARY BLADDER.Patient Escort Service: A special service provided by volunteers to accompany patients who need help in moving about the health facility.Urologic Surgical Procedures, Male: Surgery performed on the male genitalia.Learning Curve: The course of learning of an individual or a group. It is a measure of performance plotted over time.Urogenital Neoplasms: Tumors or cancer of the UROGENITAL SYSTEM in either the male or the female.Urination Disorders: Abnormalities in the process of URINE voiding, including bladder control, frequency of URINATION, as well as the volume and composition of URINE.Urodynamics: The mechanical laws of fluid dynamics as they apply to urine transport.Urinary Incontinence, Stress: Involuntary discharge of URINE as a result of physical activities that increase abdominal pressure on the URINARY BLADDER without detrusor contraction or overdistended bladder. The subtypes are classified by the degree of leakage, descent and opening of the bladder neck and URETHRA without bladder contraction, and sphincter deficiency.Prostatic Hyperplasia: Increase in constituent cells in the PROSTATE, leading to enlargement of the organ (hypertrophy) and adverse impact on the lower urinary tract function. This can be caused by increased rate of cell proliferation, reduced rate of cell death, or both.Ureteroscopy: Endoscopic examination, therapy or surgery of the ureter.Hydronephrosis: Abnormal enlargement or swelling of a KIDNEY due to dilation of the KIDNEY CALICES and the KIDNEY PELVIS. It is often associated with obstruction of the URETER or chronic kidney diseases that prevents normal drainage of urine into the URINARY BLADDER.Urine: Liquid by-product of excretion produced in the kidneys, temporarily stored in the bladder until discharge through the URETHRA.Urologic Neoplasms: Tumors or cancer of the URINARY TRACT in either the male or the female.Robotics: The application of electronic, computerized control systems to mechanical devices designed to perform human functions. Formerly restricted to industry, but nowadays applied to artificial organs controlled by bionic (bioelectronic) devices, like automated insulin pumps and other prostheses.Urinary Diversion: Temporary or permanent diversion of the flow of urine through the ureter away from the URINARY BLADDER in the presence of a bladder disease or after cystectomy. There is a variety of techniques: direct anastomosis of ureter and bowel, cutaneous ureterostomy, ileal, jejunal or colon conduit, ureterosigmoidostomy, etc. (From Campbell's Urology, 6th ed, p2654)Hematuria: Presence of blood in the urine.Urethra: A tube that transports URINE from the URINARY BLADDER to the outside of the body in both the sexes. It also has a reproductive function in the male by providing a passage for SPERM.Nephrology: A subspecialty of internal medicine concerned with the anatomy, physiology, and pathology of the kidney.Dysuria: Painful URINATION. It is often associated with infections of the lower URINARY TRACT.Education, Medical, Graduate: Educational programs for medical graduates entering a specialty. They include formal specialty training as well as academic work in the clinical and basic medical sciences, and may lead to board certification or an advanced medical degree.Phimosis: A condition in which the FORESKIN cannot be retracted to reveal the GLANS PENIS. It is due to tightness or narrowing of the foreskin opening.Ureter: One of a pair of thick-walled tubes that transports urine from the KIDNEY PELVIS to the URINARY BLADDER.Ureteral Obstruction: Blockage in any part of the URETER causing obstruction of urine flow from the kidney to the URINARY BLADDER. The obstruction may be congenital, acquired, unilateral, bilateral, complete, partial, acute, or chronic. Depending on the degree and duration of the obstruction, clinical features vary greatly such as HYDRONEPHROSIS and obstructive nephropathy.Personnel Selection: The process of choosing employees for specific types of employment. The concept includes recruitment.Transurethral Resection of Prostate: Removal of all or part of the PROSTATE, often using a cystoscope and/or resectoscope passed through the URETHRA.Laparoscopy: A procedure in which a laparoscope (LAPAROSCOPES) is inserted through a small incision near the navel to examine the abdominal and pelvic organs in the PERITONEAL CAVITY. If appropriate, biopsy or surgery can be performed during laparoscopy.Financial Audit: An examination, review and verification of all financial accounts.Ureteral Calculi: Stones in the URETER that are formed in the KIDNEY. They are rarely more than 5 mm in diameter for larger renal stones cannot enter ureters. They are often lodged at the ureteral narrowing and can cause excruciating renal colic.History, Medieval: The period of history from the year 500 through 1450 of the common era.Internship and Residency: Programs of training in medicine and medical specialties offered by hospitals for graduates of medicine to meet the requirements established by accrediting authorities.Urethral Stricture: Narrowing of any part of the URETHRA. It is characterized by decreased urinary stream and often other obstructive voiding symptoms.Fellowships and Scholarships: Stipends or grants-in-aid granted by foundations or institutions to individuals for study.Journal Impact Factor: A quantitative measure of the frequency on average with which articles in a journal have been cited in a given period of time.Prostatic Neoplasms: Tumors or cancer of the PROSTATE.Acetylcholinesterase: An enzyme that catalyzes the hydrolysis of ACETYLCHOLINE to CHOLINE and acetate. In the CNS, this enzyme plays a role in the function of peripheral neuromuscular junctions. EC 3.1.1.7.Kidney Calculi: Stones in the KIDNEY, usually formed in the urine-collecting area of the kidney (KIDNEY PELVIS). Their sizes vary and most contains CALCIUM OXALATE.Calcium Oxalate: The calcium salt of oxalic acid, occurring in the urine as crystals and in certain calculi.Nephrolithiasis: Formation of stones in the KIDNEY.Urolithiasis: Formation of stones in any part of the URINARY TRACT, usually in the KIDNEY; URINARY BLADDER; or the URETER.Bariatric Surgery: Surgical procedures aimed at affecting metabolism and producing major WEIGHT REDUCTION in patients with MORBID OBESITY.
  • Over 400 people--patients and family members--joined physicians and staff from the Academic Urology Prostate Center and Fox Chase Cancer Center Medical Group on June 4th at the Valley Forge Casino & Resort in King of Prussia to mark the annual National Cancer Survivors' Day. (academicurology.com)
  • Almost 400 people-patients and family members-joined physicians and staff from the Academic Urology Prostate Center on June 5 at the Presidential Catering center in East Norriton to mark the annual National Cancer Survivors' Day. (academicurology.com)
  • This technology uses shock waves generated outside the body by a lithotripter and are then targeted by fluoroscopy or ultrasound to fragment stones within the urinary tract. (unc.edu)
  • Some predisposing factors appear to have a genetic component in some families, such as VUR and urinary tract stones. (renalandurologynews.com)
  • The preferred treatment of urinary calculi today is the fragmentation of the stones by the means of Extracorporeal Shock Wave Lithotripsy (ESWL), endoscopic procedures for direct removal of the stone (utererorenoscopy, URS), (percutaneous nephrolitholapaxy, PCNL) as well as open removal of stones by opening the urinary tract via an incision. (sah-eschweiler.de)
  • the difference in urinary stones between the standard and low-dose groups was not significant. (urologytimes.com)
  • Major patients with urinary stones who have received minimally invasive urological treatment: extracorporeal lithotripsy (ECL), flexible uretero-renoscopy (URSsple) and percutaneous nephrolithotomy (NLPC). (ichgcp.net)
  • Urinary stones occur three times more common in continent than in incontinent urinary diversion. (urology-textbook.com)
  • Nocturia is a symptom where the person complains of interrupted sleep because of an urge to void and, like the urinary frequency component, is affected by similar lifestyle and medical factors. (wikipedia.org)