Messages between computer users via COMPUTER COMMUNICATION NETWORKS. This feature duplicates most of the features of paper mail, such as forwarding, multiple copies, and attachments of images and other file types, but with a speed advantage. The term also refers to an individual message sent in this way.
Mechanical food dispensing machines.
The guidelines and policy statements set forth by the editor(s) or editorial board of a publication.
The profession of writing. Also the identity of the writer as the creator of a literary production.
A publication issued at stated, more or less regular, intervals.
The functions and activities carried out by the U.S. Postal Service, foreign postal services, and private postal services such as Federal Express.
A loose confederation of computer communication networks around the world. The networks that make up the Internet are connected through several backbone networks. The Internet grew out of the US Government ARPAnet project and was designed to facilitate information exchange.
Stones in the URINARY BLADDER; also known as vesical calculi, bladder stones, or cystoliths.
Collections of illustrative plates, charts, etc., usually with explanatory captions.
A musculomembranous sac along the URINARY TRACT. URINE flows from the KIDNEYS into the bladder via the ureters (URETER), and is held there until URINATION.
Books in the field of medicine intended primarily for consultation.
Tests to experimentally measure the tumor-producing/cancer cell-producing potency of an agent by administering the agent (e.g., benzanthracenes) and observing the quantity of tumors or the cell transformation developed over a given period of time. The carcinogenicity value is usually measured as milligrams of agent administered per tumor developed. Though this test differs from the DNA-repair and bacterial microsome MUTAGENICITY TESTS, researchers often attempt to correlate the finding of carcinogenicity values and mutagenicity values.
The process of pictorial communication, between human and computers, in which the computer input and output have the form of charts, drawings, or other appropriate pictorial representation.
Specific languages used to prepare computer programs.
Low-density crystals or stones in any part of the URINARY TRACT. Their chemical compositions often include CALCIUM OXALATE, magnesium ammonium phosphate (struvite), CYSTINE, or URIC ACID.
Stones in the KIDNEY, usually formed in the urine-collecting area of the kidney (KIDNEY PELVIS). Their sizes vary and most contains CALCIUM OXALATE.
Stones in the URETER that are formed in the KIDNEY. They are rarely more than 5 mm in diameter for larger renal stones cannot enter ureters. They are often lodged at the ureteral narrowing and can cause excruciating renal colic.
An abnormal concretion occurring mostly in the urinary and biliary tracts, usually composed of mineral salts. Also called stones.
Tomography using x-ray transmission and a computer algorithm to reconstruct the image.
The destruction of a calculus of the kidney, ureter, bladder, or gallbladder by physical forces, including crushing with a lithotriptor through a catheter. Focused percutaneous ultrasound and focused hydraulic shock waves may be used without surgery. Lithotripsy does not include the dissolving of stones by acids or litholysis. Lithotripsy by laser is LITHOTRIPSY, LASER.
A glycosyl-phosphatidyl-inositol (GPI) - anchored membrane protein found on the thick ascending limb of the LOOP OF HENLE. The cleaved form of the protein is found abundantly in URINE.
Conjugated proteins in which mucopolysaccharides are combined with proteins. The mucopolysaccharide moiety is the predominant group with the protein making up only a small percentage of the total weight.
Classic quantitative assay for detection of antigen-antibody reactions using a radioactively labeled substance (radioligand) either directly or indirectly to measure the binding of the unlabeled substance to a specific antibody or other receptor system. Non-immunogenic substances (e.g., haptens) can be measured if coupled to larger carrier proteins (e.g., bovine gamma-globulin or human serum albumin) capable of inducing antibody formation.
The volume of water filtered out of plasma through glomerular capillary walls into Bowman's capsules per unit of time. It is considered to be equivalent to INULIN clearance.
Body organ that filters blood for the secretion of URINE and that regulates ion concentrations.

Relationship between supersaturation and calcium oxalate crystallization in normals and idiopathic calcium oxalate stone formers. (1/306)

BACKGROUND: In an earlier study on recurrent CaOx stone formers with no detectable abnormalities, we found that the urine of these subjects had a lower tolerance to oxalate load than controls and that the removal of urinary macromolecules with a molecular weight greater than 10,000 D improved their tolerance to oxalate. METHODS: The effects on CaOx crystallization of reduced urinary supersaturation of calcium oxalate (CaOx), induced by night water load, were studied in 12 normal males and in 15 male OxCa stone formers who were free from urinary metabolic abnormalities. The effect of the macromolecules, purified and retrieved from the natural and diluted urine, were analyzed in a metastable solution of CaOx. RESULTS: The water load caused an increase in urine volume (from 307 +/- 111 to 572 +/- 322 ml/8 hr, P = 0.014 in normal subjects, and from 266 +/- 92 to 518 +/- 208 ml/8 hr, P = 0.001 in the stone formers) and a concomitant reduction of the relative CaOx supersaturation (from 8.7 +/- 2.5 to 5.1 +/- 2.5 ml/8 hr, P = 0.001 in normal subjects, and from 10.4 +/- 3.5 to 5.0 +/- 2.7 ml/8 hr, P = 0.001 in the stone formers). The decrease in CaOx supersaturation was accompanied by an increase of the permissible increment in oxalate, both in normal subjects (from 43.8 +/- 10.1 to 67.2 +/- 30. 3 mg/liter, P = 0.018) and in the stone formers (from 25.7 +/- 9.4 to 43.7 +/- 17.1 mg/liter, P = 0.0001), without any significant variations of the upper limit of metastability for CaOx (from 21.6 +/- 5.3 to 20.5 +/- 4.2 mg/liter in normal subjects, and from 18.7 +/- 4.5 to 17.1 +/- 3.7 mg/liter in the stone formers). The inhibitory effect of urinary macromolecules with molecular weight greater than 10,000 Daltons did not undergo any change when the latter were recovered from concentrated or diluted urine, either in normal subjects or in the stone formers. CONCLUSIONS: Reduced CaOx supersaturation by means of water load has a protective effect with regards to CaOx crystallization in subjects who do not present any of the common urinary stone risk factors.  (+info)

Unusual case of foreign body-induced struvite urolithiasis in a dog. (2/306)

A 6-year-old, castrated male dog was presented because of inappropriate urination and hematuria. Radiographs indicated a bladder stone with a sewing needle at its center. The urolith was removed and diagnosed as predominantly struvite, most likely a result of the foreign body and a urinary tract infection.  (+info)

Calculus disease of the urinary tract at a district hospital. (3/306)

At a District General Hospital the organization of a clinic for the investigation and treatment of patients with calculus disease of the urinary tract is described. The way in which such a clinic may be orgainzed is discussed and the results presented. In patients with idiopathic hypercalciuria, sodium cellulose phosphate causes a significant reduction in urinary calcium levels when used in such a clinic.  (+info)

Urinary glycosaminoglycan excretion in urolithiasis. (4/306)

Urinary glycosaminoglycan (GAG) excretion was measured in children with idiopathic urolithiasis (15 girls and 10 boys; mean (SD) age 6.2 (2.4) years) and in healthy controls (10 girls and 14 boys; mean (SD) age 6.8 (3.8) years). GAG excretion was expressed as a GAG/creatinine (mg/g) ratio and was evaluated using dimethylmethylene blue. In healthy control children, the mean (SD) GAG/creatinine ratio was 31.67 (12.76) and it was similar in girls and boys. The children with idiopathic urolithiasis had significantly lower mean (SD) GAG/creatinine ratios than controls (22.59 (7.35)). Therefore, urinary GAG excretion may be important in the disease process in children with urolithiasis, as it is in adults.  (+info)

Inhibition of calcium oxalate crystal growth and aggregation by prothrombin and its fragments in vitro: relationship between protein structure and inhibitory activity. (5/306)

During blood coagulation, prothrombin (PT) is ultimately degraded to three fragments, thrombin, fragment 1 (F1) and fragment 2 (F2), which, collectively, contain all of the structural features of PT. One of these fragments, F1, is excreted in human urine and is the principal protein occluded into calcium oxalate (CaOx) crystals precipitated from it. This urinary form of F1, which we have named urinary prothrombin fragment 1 is present in calcium stones and is a potent inhibitor of CaOx crystallization in urine in vitro. The aim of this study was to determine whether PT itself and its other activation products, namely, thrombin, F1 and F2 also inhibit CaOx crystallization, by comparing their effects in a seeded, inorganic crystallization system. A secondary objective was to assess the relationship between the structures of the proteins and their inhibitory activities. PT was isolated from a human blood concentrate rich in vitamin K-dependent proteins. Following initial cleavage by thrombin, the resulting fragments, F1 and F2, were purified by a combination of reversed phase HPLC and low pressure column chromatography. The purity of the proteins was confirmed by SDS/PAGE and their individual effects on CaOx crystallization were determined at the same concentration (16.13 nM) in a seeded, metastable solution of CaOx using a Coulter Counter. [14C]Oxalate was used to assess deposition of CaOx and crystals were visualized using scanning electron microscopy. The Coulter Counter data revealed that the proteins reduced the size of precipitated crystals in the order F1 > PT > F2 > thrombin. These findings were confirmed by scanning electron microscopy which showed that the reduction in particle size resulted from a decrease in the degree of crystal aggregation. [14C]Oxalate analysis demonstrated that all proteins inhibited mineral deposition, in the order F1 (44%) > PT (27.4%) > thrombin (10.2%) > F2 (6.5%). It was concluded that the gamma-carboxyglutamic acid domain of PT and F1, which is absent from thrombin and F2, is the region of the molecules which determines their potent inhibitory effects. The superior potency of F1, in comparison with PT, probably results from the molecule's greater charge to mass ratio.  (+info)

National trend of the incidence of urolithiasis in Japan from 1965 to 1995. (6/306)

BACKGROUND: A nationwide survey of urolithiasis in Japan was made in order to evaluate the chronological trend of upper urinary tract stones in the Japanese. It succeeded previous studies done in 1955, 1966, 1979, and 1990. METHODS: All outpatient visits to urologists that resulted in a diagnosis of first-episode upper urinary tract stones in the years 1990 and 1995 were enumerated, irrespective of admission and treatment. The study enrolled all of the Japanese Board of Urology-approved hospitals, thereby covering nearly all urologists practicing in Japan. The annual incidence by sex and age was estimated and compared with the incidences in the previous nationwide surveys. RESULTS: The age-adjusted annual incidence of first-episode upper urinary tract stones in 1995 was estimated as 68.9 per 100,000 (100.1 in men and 55.4 in women), a steady increase from 54.2 in 1965. The annual incidence has increased in all age groups, except in those of the first three decades. The peak age for both sexes has shifted in toward the older population's direction. Estimations of longitudinal changes between 1965 and 1995 showed that the annual incidence has more than doubled for the cohort of the 1965 census population (from 43.7 in 1965 to 110.9 in 1995) and that younger generations have had progressively higher annual incidences. CONCLUSIONS: The annual incidence of upper urinary tract stones in Japan has increased steadily over the past 30 years and will continue to do so in the near future, but it still is lower than in the United States.  (+info)

The prothrombin gene is expressed in the rat kidney: Implications for urolithiasis research. (7/306)

There is considerable interest in determining the role of prothrombin fragments, especially urinary prothrombin fragment 1 (UPTF1), in the pathogenesis of calcium oxalate (CaOx) urinary calculi. This fragment is present in abundance in the matrix of CaOx crystals generated in human urine in vitro and has also been detected in human urinary stones containing calcium. More recently, prothrombin gene expression has been reported in the human kidney. However, studies examining the renal biosynthesis of prothrombin or perhaps only its fragments during experimental lithogenesis, and in consequence, the role of UPTF1 in stone formation, cannot be carried out in humans. The aim of this investigation therefore was to determine whether prothrombin gene expression is present in the rat kidney. Total RNA was isolated from the kidneys and livers of 12 rats. Using reverse transcriptase PCR, mRNAs corresponding to the thrombin and fragment 1 + 2 (F1+2) regions of prothrombin were analysed by agarose gel electrophoresis. The expression of glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate dehydrogenase was also examined to determine whether the quality of the tissue mRNAs was adequate for analyses. The amplified products were identified by sequence analysis. All kidneys displayed evidence of expression of the thrombin and F1+2 domains of the prothrombin gene. Furthermore, the sequences of these PCR-derived products from kidney were identical to those from liver. This suggests that the prothrombins secreted by these two organs are identical. The fact that prothrombin biosynthesis occurs in both the human and rat kidney presents an opportunity for using established rat models of stone disease to evaluate the influence of lithogenic conditions on prothrombin gene expression, and the potential role of UPTF1 in vivo.  (+info)

Study of urinary acidification in patients with idiopathic hypocitraturia. (8/306)

Hypocitraturia (HCit) is one of the most remarkable features of renal tubular acidosis, but an acidification defect is not seen in the majority of hypocitraturic patients, whose disease is denoted idiopathic hypocitraturia. In order to assess the integrity of urinary acidification mechanisms in hypocitraturic idiopathic calcium stone formers, we studied two groups of patients, hypocitraturic (HCit, N = 21, 39.5 +/- 11.5 years, 11 females and 10 males) and normocitraturic (NCit, N = 23, 40.2 +/- 11.7 years, 16 females and 7 males) subjects, during a short ammonium chloride loading test lasting 8 h. During the baseline period HCit patients showed significantly higher levels of titratable acid (TA). After the administration of ammonium chloride, mean urinary pH (3rd to 8th hour) and TA and ammonium excretion did not differ significantly between groups. Conversely, during the first hour mean urinary pH was lower and TA and ammonium excretion was higher in HCit. The enhanced TA excretion by HCit during the baseline period and during the first hour suggests that the phosphate buffer mechanism is activated. The earlier response in ammonium excretion by HCit further supports other evidence that acidification mechanisms react promptly. The present results suggest that in the course of lithiasic disease, hypocitraturia coexists with subtle changes in the excretion of hydrogen ions in basal situations.  (+info)

TY - JOUR. T1 - Increased risk of urinary calculi in patients with migraine. T2 - A nationwide cohort study. AU - Tsai, Min Juei. AU - Chen, Yung Tai. AU - Ou, Shuo Ming. AU - Shin, Chia Jen. AU - Peng, Kuan Po. AU - Tang, Chao Hsiun. AU - Wang, Shuu Jiun. PY - 2015/7/12. Y1 - 2015/7/12. N2 - Objective: Whether migraine is associated with urinary calculi is an unresolved issue, although topiramate, a migrainepreventive agent, is known to contribute to this complication. This study investigates the association between migraine and the risk of urinary calculi. Methods: We identified a total of 147,399 patients aged ≥18 years with migraine diagnoses recorded in the Taiwan National Health Insurance Research Database between 2005 and 2009. Each patient was randomly matched with one individual without headache using propensity scores. All participants were followed from the date of enrollment until urinary calculi development, death, or the end of 2010. Results: The risk of urinary calculi was ...
Background: Urinary stone disease is a mal-absorptive disorder that is a significant health problem because of its high prevalence and incidence. However, there are few population-based studies on the risk of urinary stone disease in patients with coeliac disease (CD).. Aim: To examine the risk of urinary stone disease in CD.. Methods: Population-based cohort study. Using small intestinal biopsy report data from 1969 to 2008 obtained from all Swedish pathology departments (n = 28), we identified 28 735 patients with CD (equal to Marsh 3: villous atrophy). Patients were then matched for gender, age, county and calendar year to 142 177 reference individuals from the Swedish general population. We used Cox regression to estimate hazard ratios (HRs) for future urinary stone disease and conditional logistic regression to calculate odds ratios (ORs) for urinary stone disease before diagnosis of CD. Individuals with urinary stone disease were identified through the Swedish National Patient Register ...
It is less common to observe urinary calculi (or urolithiasis) in dogs than in cats. But when it happens, the clinical signs are the same. It is characterized by frequent and painful urination. Urine analysis often shows blood and crystals in the urine. Contrary to the cat, the appearance of urinary calculi is frequently related to a urinary infection. Bacteria involved are not always found through simple urine analysis. The surest way to find them is to perform a biopsy from the bladder and to realize a culture with this sample. The most common responsible bacteria are: staphylococcus, Escherichia coli or streptococcus. When the infection is confirmed, it is very likely that the urolithiasis is due to struvite calculi: because infection makes the urinary pH rise, and struvite crytals precipitate only in alcaline urine. Other type of urolithiasis rather appear in acid urine. >From 1984 to 1996, a european study applied itself to classify the different types of urolithiasis, according to their ...
UTSD - Urinary Tract Stone Disease. Looking for abbreviations of UTSD? It is Urinary Tract Stone Disease. Urinary Tract Stone Disease listed as UTSD
STOICA L., Tomescu P., Dragoescu O., V lcea I., Enache M. Department of Urology, University of Medicine and Pharmacy, Craiova; County Emergency University Hospital, Craiova Abstract Objective. This presentation emphasizes the continuous development of surgical treatment applied for urological diseases by solving a complex case of urinary stone disease developed on a congenital abnormal urinary tract (bilateral ureterocele and right pelviureteral
PubMed journal article Moderately increased risk of urinary stone disease in patients with biopsy-verified coeliac diseas were found in PRIME PubMed. Download Prime PubMed App to iPhone or iPad.
Start Over You searched for: Authors Shaw, Benjamin S. (Benjamin Shurtleff), 1827-1893, author ✖Remove constraint Authors: Shaw, Benjamin S. (Benjamin Shurtleff), 1827-1893, author Formats Text ✖Remove constraint Formats: Text Subjects Urinary Calculi -- diagnosis ✖Remove constraint Subjects: Urinary Calculi -- diagnosis Subjects Uric Acid -- urine ✖Remove constraint Subjects: Uric Acid -- urine Genre Case Reports ✖Remove constraint Genre: Case Reports Publication Year 1853 ✖Remove constraint Publication Year: 1853 ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Association between obstructive sleep apnea and urinary calculi. T2 - A population-based case-control study. AU - Kang, Jiunn Horng. AU - Keller, Joseph J.. AU - Chen, Yi Kuang. AU - Lin, Herng Ching. PY - 2012/2. Y1 - 2012/2. N2 - Objective: To hypothesize an association between obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) and urinary calculi (UC) and assess the presence of such an association using a national population-based dataset. Elevated systemic proinflammatory pathways found in OSA patients may be linked to increased cardiovascular risk. Similar pathways have been identified in patients with UC. Materials and Methods: We identified 53,791 patients who had received a new diagnosis of UC between 2003 and 2008 from a dataset based on Taiwans National Health Insurance program. We randomly selected 161,373 controls and then identified subjects with prior OSA in both groups. Odds ratios (ORs) for prior OSA in UC patients compared with controls were estimated in conditional logistic ...
ABSTRACT: to assess whether the volume of fluid intake influence the prevention of urinary stone formation. Methods: a systematic review from MEDLINE Electronic database was conducted. All of the controlled trial (RCT), case-control, and cohort studies written in English language were included in the study. Data analysis was performed to the design of the study, volume of fluid intake (higher volume as experimental group and lower volume as control group), and risk of stone formation. All of the included studies were appraised using the Oxford Center for Evidence-based Medicine appraisal tool for therapy (Randomized Controlled Trial) and level of evidence. Results: our systematic review included fve studies (1 RCT and case-control study in patients with history of urolithiasis, and 3 prospective cohorts in patients without history of urolithiasis). Three studies increased fluid intake to 2.5 Liters/day and one study to 2 Liters/day, while one other study used the urine production target of 2 ...
Are you searching for good Urinary Tract Stones specialist in Pune ? HelloDox will help you to consult best Urinary Tract Stones near you. Get online consultation now.
We reported a retrospective review of the urinary stone compositions in 12,846 patients. Data on urinary stone compositions analyzed between January 2003 and December 2012 in our center were collected. Infrared spectroscopy was used for stone analysis. Predominant stone component was recorded. Patients were divided into four age groups: 0-18, 19-40, 41-60, and 61-92, and five categories by components. In order to determine the change of stone characteristics with respect to time, data were also divided into two periods, 2003-2007 and 2008-2012. A total of 12,846 stones were included in this study. The age of the patients ranged from 1 to 92 years with 7,736 males and 5,110 females. Stone made of single component was rare, 2.61 %. Calcium oxalate stone was the most common component at 82.56 %. Calcium oxalate and uric acid stones were more common in male than in female. The incidence of calcium phosphate stones and uric acid stones had increased during the past 5 years, while calcium oxalate stones
During the last ten years, data of urinary calculi was received in 4094 cases on the criterion of recurrence, whereby the answer was yes in 1446 cases. The overall adjusted relative recurrence rate ARRR is therefore 35.3%. The importance of an exact physical analysis of urinary stones, involving a differentiation of the various Ca oxalates and...
The efficiency and radiation dose of a low-dose dual-energy (DE) CT protocol for the evaluation of urinary calculus disease were evaluated. A low-dose dual-source DE-CT renal calculi protocol (140 kV,
To assess the accuracy of targeted dual-energy single-source multi-detector CT (MDCT) for characterisation of urinary calculi. For proof of princi ple, 71 ex-vivo calculi underwent single-source 256-s
Given the high recurrence rate in stone disease, development of preventive strategies to minimize recurrence is almost as important as treatment of an individual stone. Patient metabolic abnormalities for stone risk can be found in up to 90% of stone formers. Any patient who has had at least one stone should have a few basic tests including serum labs to check for systemic causes of stones and a stone analysis to determine stone composition. Patients with recurrent stones or those at high risk for recurrence should perform a 24-hour urine test (Litholink) to tailor preventive strategies to their individual risks. Patients at high risk include: any child with stones (,18 years old), patients with only one (functional) kidney, patients with abnormal kidney anatomy, and patients with history of gastrointestinal diseases including Crohns Disease, ulcerative colitis, bowel resection, gastric bypass and other bariatric surgeries. These patients may also benefit from an additional evaluation in the ...
Currently, noncontrast CT is the reference imaging standard for the initial evaluation of a urinary tract stone. A dual-energy CT technique has also been developed to analyze the composition of stones, helping to facilitate targeted treatment for certain types of renal stones, Lee said.. So radiologists normally detect a urinary stone based on the single-energy CT and classify the stone composition based on the dual-energy CT scans, he said.. The MGH researchers sought to determine if AI could both detect and classify urinary stones based on just the noncontrast, single-energy CT scans. They first gathered a dataset of 289 cases, including 161 patients without a urinary stone and 128 with a stone. Of the 128 patients with a urinary stone, 36 had a stone smaller than 4 mm, while 66 had a stone 4 mm to 10 mm in size. In addition, 26 patients had a stone larger than 10 mm.. Of the stones larger than 4 mm, 79 were classified as nonurate (72) or urate (7). All 120-kVp unenhanced CT images were ...
Currently, noncontrast CT is the reference imaging standard for the initial evaluation of a urinary tract stone. A dual-energy CT technique has also been developed to analyze the composition of stones, helping to facilitate targeted treatment for certain types of renal stones, Lee said.. So radiologists normally detect a urinary stone based on the single-energy CT and classify the stone composition based on the dual-energy CT scans, he said.. The MGH researchers sought to determine if AI could both detect and classify urinary stones based on just the noncontrast, single-energy CT scans. They first gathered a dataset of 289 cases, including 161 patients without a urinary stone and 128 with a stone. Of the 128 patients with a urinary stone, 36 had a stone smaller than 4 mm, while 66 had a stone 4 mm to 10 mm in size. In addition, 26 patients had a stone larger than 10 mm.. Of the stones larger than 4 mm, 79 were classified as nonurate (72) or urate (7). All 120-kVp unenhanced CT images were ...
increased production of vitamin D leading to increased calcium excretion in the urine.. Water Intake. It is an accepted truism that increase water intake and increased urinary output decreases the incidence of urinary calculi in those predisposed to form stones. This has been verified by the incidence of stone formation and its relationship to fluid intake.. Diet. Dietary intake of various foods may result in greater urinary excretion of substances that have an effect on the incidence of urinary calculi. However, the underlying intrinsic tendency to form stones also has to be present. Increased oxalate, calcium or sodium in the urine of patients predisposed to stone formation, can lead to an increased incidence of stones. Increase ingestion of animal proteins can also lead to increased urinary concentrations of calcium, oxalate and uric acid.. Physical Activity. Urinary calculi are much more likely to be found in individuals who are sedentary. The risk of calcium oxalate and uric acid stone ...
Background Recommendations for the management of urolithiasis in primary care are lacking in France. The Delphi method was used to seek consensus from an expert panel regarding outpatient management of urolithiasis.
The intestinal microbiome may affect urinary stone disease by modulating the amount of oxalate absorbed from the intestine and subsequently excreted in urine. This study sought to explore the association between antibiotics, which alter the intestinal microbiota, and risk for urinary stone disease.
Herbsmith Bladder Care - Herbsmith Bladder Care is a must have formula to support bladder health. An amazing combination of bladder health herbs, cranberry extract, and d-mannose to receive the best of the old and the new. Recurrent urinary tract infections, crystals in the urine, obstructions of the urinary tract, and urinary stone formation are commonly experienced issues in our cats and dogs. Supporting bladder health is key to developing the proper urinary environment. Easy-to-administer powder that helps support bladder health. Contains cranberry extract and d-mannose help to protect and support the bladder wall. A combination of cooling and draining herbs that help to balance the bladder to develop proper urinary environment. May reduce the likelihood of urinary stone formations and recurring urinary tract infections (UTI) by helping maintain a proper bladder PH. Great for dogs and cats of all sizes and ages, also available in tablet form.
AUA Disclosure Policy: All persons in a position to control the content of an educational activity (i.e., activity planners, presenters, authors) participating in an educational activity provided by the AUA are required to disclose to the provider any relevant financial relationships with any commercial interest. The AUA must determine if the individuals relationships may influence the educational content and resolve any conflicts of interest prior to the commencement of the educational activity. The intent of this disclosure is not to prevent individuals with relevant financial relationships from participating, but rather to provide learners information with which they can make their own judgments ...
Looking for information on Dog Urinary Stones in Jackson? We have compiled a list of businesses and services around Jackson that should help you with your search. We hope this page helps you find information on Dog Urinary Stones in Jackson.
Urinary System NCLEX Review [youtube http://youtu.be/CpdRW6a5bNg w=400&h=300] Urinary System NCLEX Review (By: AllNursingNotes) Urinary Calculi/ Urilithiasis URINARY CALCULI is also called urilothiasis or KIDNEY STONES, and it can results from anything from immobility, cancer, increased intake of Vitamin D, or an over-activity of the Parathyroid gland. Kidney stones is made up of: calcium magnesium phosphorus oxalate. -…
Start Over You searched for: Subjects Urinary Calculi -- diagnosis ✖Remove constraint Subjects: Urinary Calculi -- diagnosis Subjects Potassium Compounds -- urine ✖Remove constraint Subjects: Potassium Compounds -- urine Subjects Crystallization ✖Remove constraint Subjects: Crystallization Titles Crystals of urate of potash and a peculiar form of uric acid in urine ✖Remove constraint Titles: Crystals of urate of potash and a peculiar form of uric acid in urine Publication Year 1853 ✖Remove constraint Publication Year: 1853 Dates by Range 1850-1899 ✖Remove constraint Dates by Range: 1850-1899 ...
May 23, 2014 - Two studies examining the influences and impacts of kidney stones show ultrasound reduces radiation exposure and is less expensive compared to computed tomography (CT) scans, while a second study indicates better glycemic control in diabetic patients lowers the risk for kidney stone development. Both studies were presented at the 109th annual scientific meeting of the American Urological Association (AUA) in Orlando, Fla.. For patients entering the emergency room with suspected kidney stones, imaging is frequently used to confirm their diagnosis. CT scans have increasingly been used to exclude other diagnoses and confirm urinary stone disease, but are frequently associated with duplicate imaging and increased radiation exposure. Researchers from 15 medical centers across the United States, including University of California, San Francisco, found using CT scans instead of ultrasounds increased radiation exposure and imaging costs but had no significant difference in patient ...
IN THE United States, the incidence of urinary stone disease is about 12% in men and 7% in women, and evidence suggests that these numbers are increasing. For patients who form stones, the likelihood of a recurrence is nearly 50% within five years and up to 95% over a lifetime.
Abstract. The study was carried out in Kirkuk province, on patients attending Kirkuk hospitals, and private clinics from the 15th December 2004 until the 1st July 2005. Urine and blood samples were collected from 152 persons including 102 patients with urinary tract stones (61 males, 41 females), and 50 control healthy subjects (30 males, 20 females). General urine examination was done, and the results showed that 74 of the patients group were suffering from urinary tract infection, 25 of them were on antibiotics, and urine culture was done for the remaining patients. The results of urine culture showed that Escherichia coli infection (10.8%) was the commonest among patients with urinary tract stones, followed by proteus species (5.4%), Acinetobacter spp, Klebsiella spp (2.7%) for each and Pseudomonas spp, Staphylococci saprophyticus, Enterococci faecalis (1.35%) respectively. Significant increase in prevalence of urinary tract stones was demonstrated at age group (21-30 year), the highest rate ...
GUILLEN, R; RUIZ, I; VERA VIGO, P y OZUNA, R. Recurrent urolithiasis in a Miniature Schnauzerpuppy: Case report. Mem. Inst. Investig. Cienc. Salud [online]. 2011, vol.9, n.1, pp.49-53. ISSN 1812-9528.. The formation of urinary stones represents an important clinical issue in canines. There are differences in the trend to present urolithiasis among breeds. This is a case of recurrent lithiasis in a Miniature Schnauzermale puppy that presented hematuria and dysuria caused by a urinary tract obstruction associated to lithiasis. The puppy eliminated uroliths at the age of three and seven months old. The morphological analysis of this urinary calculus showed that the first consisted of carbapatite (crystallized carbonated apatite) classified as morphological type IVa1 and the second calculus presented a combination of type IVa1 + IIa. Morphological type IIa is formed by Weddellite (dihydrate calcium oxalate). Urine analysis of six samples showed a pH value from 6 to 7,5 with presence of bacteria and ...
View list of generic and brand names of drugs used for treatment of Urinary Stone . You can find more information including dosage, side effects of the Urinary Stone medicine.
Uronephron is indicated for treatment of acute and chronic cystitis, pyelonephritis, chronic urethritis, and prostatitis. Used for treatment and prevention urinary stone disease.
This months issue of the Alimentary Pharmacology & Therapeutics reports a moderately increased risk of urinary stone disease in patients with biopsy-verified celiac disease.. ...
The most important factor that determines this is the possibilities at hand, the experience of the urologist, the patients expectation and cost. The cheapest method is the ESWL method. The chance of getting rid of the stone varies between 30 and 100%. Requires session. There is no guarantee of exact breaking. Even if it is broken, the stone may not fall. It may require a secondary surgery. The PNL (surgical technique through the hole through the back) gives very good results in suitable patients. It can be completely removed from the stone. However, if the stones are very scattered, the patient may remain in the stone after the procedure. These remaining stones can be broken with ESWL. RIRS, that is, entering the urinary canal, and breaking the stone with laser does not disrupt body integrity, has become popular today. Surgery is performed by entering through the urinary canal. It is the first treatment considered in patients with bleeding problems. ...
For some sensitive rabbits, pellets can cause digestive upset. Some rabbits need reduced calcium intake because of urinary stone formation. You may hear it suggested to stop pellets in these situations. Opinions on this vary. It is important to talk with a qualified veterinary (or two) about the pros and cons of reducing or eliminating pellets from the rabbits diet.. Vegetables. Fresh vegetables are an important part of a healthy rabbits diet. Avoid vegetables that are rich in sugar and starches (peas, potatoes, corn), because they can cause intestinal problems. Experiment and see which veggies your bunny likes. Offer him several and give bunny a chance to taste them. It is best to introduce new vegetables one at a time. This way, if you notice a chance in bunnys health or poops, you know which vegetable might be the cause.. Some veggies to try include cilantro, parsley (flat- and curly-leaf), mint leaves, carrot tops, beet tops, radish tops, radicchio, endive, escaroles, broccoli sprouts, ...
What are kidney stones (urinary calculi)?. High levels of some minerals, such as calcium and uric acid, in the urine are known to cause stones in the kidneys.. If you or someone you care about has ever had kidney stones, you know how painful this condition can be. Fortunately, the urology specialists at Urologist have advanced training and experience not only in treating kidney stones but also in preventing them.. Kidney stones wreck havoc with ones life. They cause excruciating, stabbing pains in the upper back, abdomen, groin and testicles as they travel down the urinary tract. They may also stop the urine flow which can lead to infections and damage to the kidneys. If you have any of these symptoms, it may be a sign of a kidney stone in need of immediate attention.. • Vomiting. • Fever and chills. • Blood in the urine. • Urine that is cloudy or pyuric. • A burning sensation while urinating. • Extreme back or side pain that doesnt go away. Our world-renowned kidney ...
Children and adolescent can suffer from urinary stones, which are called calculi, and can seek treatment at Children's Hospital Pittsburgh. Learn more.
Urinary stones mostly arise due to improper diet or too mineralized water. The center of crystallization occurs in bladder and then further layers deposit one after another. The problem may occur with every hamster. The first symptom is pain - which rodents often cleverly hide; another symptom may be blood in the urine (hematuria). Surgery of removing the bladder stones in hamster is difficult and hardly any doctor decide to take it because of the small size of the pet... Removing of the stone solves the problem, but a diet avoiding excess mineral salts (especially carbonates and oxalates) is recommended. Hamster after surgery is healthy - can make all activity, including running, climbing, digging and reproduction ...
Kidney StonesThe most frequent symptom that produces the presence of kidney stones or urinary calculus is the attack of acute pain called nephritic.
TY - JOUR. T1 - Urinary physiologic and chemical metabolic effects on the urothelial cytotoxicity and potential DNA adducts of o-phenylphenol in male rats. AU - Smith, Raymond A.. AU - Christenson, W. Russ. AU - Bartels, Michael J.. AU - Arnold, Lora L.. AU - St. John, Margaret K.. AU - Cano, Martin. AU - Garland, Emily M.. AU - Lake, Stephen G.. AU - Wahle, Bradley S.. AU - McNett, Debra A.. AU - Cohen, Samuel M.. PY - 1998/6. Y1 - 1998/6. N2 - ortho-Phenylphenol (OPP), a fungicide and antibacterial agent with food residues, is carcinogenic to rat bladder. The present studies provide information on changes in urinary composition and urinary metabolites, urothelial cytotoxicity and regenerative hyperplasia, and DNA adducts in male F344 rats fed OPP. An initial experiment evaluated dietary doses of 0, 1,000, 4,000, and 12,500 ppm OPP fed for 13 weeks. There was no evidence of urinary calculi, microcrystalluria, or calcium phosphate-containing precipitate, but urothelial cytotoxicity and ...
Chen M, Xiao J, Du Y, et al. - This case-control study was undertaken to analyze the lipid profile of children diagnosed with upper urinary tract stones and ...
Urinary Calculus: stone formed in any part of the urinary system (kidney, ureter, bladder); some are small enough to pass in the urine, with or without pain; others must be removed surgically.
Medicinal uses. Uses supported by clinical data. None.. Uses described in pharmacopoeias and in traditional systems of medicine. Internally, as a mild urinary antiseptic for moderate inflammatory conditions of the urinary tract and bladder, such as cystitis, urethritis and dysuria (11, 13, 14).. Uses described in folk medicine, not supported by experimental or clinical data. As a diuretic, to stimulate uterine contractions, and to treat diabetes, poor eyesight, renal or urinary calculi, rheumatism and venereal disease (4, 5, 15). Topical applications have been used for skin depigmentation (15).. Pharmacology. Experimental pharmacology. Antimicrobial activity. A 30% ethanol extract of Folium Uvae Ursi inhibited the growth in vitro of Bacillus subtilis, Escherichia coli, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Salmonella typhimurium, Serratia marcescens and Staphylococcus aureus (16). However, 95% ethanol or chloroform extracts had no antibacterial activity (17, 18). An aqueous extract of the leaves inhibited the ...
A 25 year old man complains of frequency, urgency, and dysuria for 3 days. He is otherwise asymptomatic. There is no history of urinary calculi. He returned from Egypt 2 months ago, where he swam in the Nile and consumed unboiled water. His medical, surgical and family histories are unremarkable ...
Our Metabolic Evaluation Clinic for Kidney Stones, which is led by Dr. Andrea Lantz, offers state-of-the-art evaluation and management of patients with urinary tract stone disease.
As calcium is eliminated in the urine, the incidence of urinary tract stones is on the rise generally in women, with a 70 percent increase in the last 15 years.
Treatment for kidney stones varies according to the type, size of the stone and its cause. Treatment of Small stones with minimal symptoms Most small kidney ...
Your body loses fluids when you engage in vigorous exercise, sweat in high heat, or come down with a fever or contract an illness that causes vomiting or diarrhea. If youre losing fluids for any of these reasons, its important to increase your fluid intake so that you can restore your bodys natural hydration levels. Your doctor may also recommend that you drink more fluids to help treat other health conditions, like bladder infections and urinary tract stones. If youre pregnant or nursing, you may want to consult with your physician about your fluid intake because your body will be using more fluids than usual, especially if youre breastfeeding. ...
ONLINE SHOP: Of the most effective diuretics specific to urinary tract. It is used in the treatment of cystitis, urinary stones and various kidney diseases.
Kidney stones are a major public health concern with continuously increasing worldwide prevalence. Shock wave lithotripsy (SWL) is the first line treatment choice for upper urinary tract calculi with ureteroscopy and has advantages of safety and noninvasiveness, but the treatment success rate of SWL is lower than that of other therapies. It is therefore important to identify predictive factors for SWL outcome and select a suitable treatment choice for patients with upper urinary tract calculi. In recent years, computed tomography (CT) has become the gold standard for diagnosis of upper urinary tract calculi. Several factors based on CT images, including skin-to-stone distance, mean stone density, stone heterogeneity index, and variation coefficient of stone density, have been reported to be useful for predicting SWL outcome. In addition, a new method of analysis, CT texture analysis, is reportedly useful for predicting SWL outcomes. This review aims to summarize CT parameters for predicting the outcome
Calculi: Ultrasonography for evaluation of suspected urinary calculi. Health and Medicine Reference Covering Thousands of Diseases and Prescription Drugs.
In keeping with the overall modernisation of the Hospital, the department of Urology spread its wings further to accommodate many new services. One of the most striking advances is in the management of Urinary Stone disease. The Hospital has acquired the all-new Dornier compact Alpha Lithotriptor, manufactured by the pioneers of the Lithotriptor Technology. The state of the art equipment has set new standards in management of stone disease. The new compact Alpha Lithotriptor has In keeping with the overall modernisation of the Hospital, the department of Urology spread its wings further to accommodate many new services. One of the most striking advances is in the management of Urinary Stone disease. The Hospital has acquired the all-new Dornier compact Alpha Lithotriptor, manufactured by the pioneers of the Lithotriptor Technology. The state of the art equipment has set new standards in management of stone disease.. ...
Our knowledgeable and experienced calculus tutors are available for in-home tutoring, tutoring in a small group on school campus or at the library, or even online. Each Club Z! calculus tutor develops a unique tutoring program and lesson plan, focused on helping students succeed in calculus. Our calculus tutors prepare their students for calculus tests and quizzes, assist them with calculus homework, help improve classroom performance, and increase their understanding and confidence level in calculus. Whether it is graphing linear functions or solving differential equations, our calculus tutors are able to help you to excel at every level, including: Pre-Calculus, High School Calculus, AP Calculus, Honors Calculus, College Level Calculus.. Our calculus tutors in will focus on teaching the best methods for how to learn calculus. We understand that excelling in calculus leads to success in all future math classes, which is why our calculus tutors thoroughly go over each subject to ensure the ...
Our knowledgeable and experienced calculus tutors are available for in-home tutoring, tutoring in a small group on school campus or at the library, or even online. Each Club Z! calculus tutor develops a unique tutoring program and lesson plan, focused on helping students succeed in calculus. Our calculus tutors prepare their students for calculus tests and quizzes, assist them with calculus homework, help improve classroom performance, and increase their understanding and confidence level in calculus. Whether it is graphing linear functions or solving differential equations, our calculus tutors are able to help you to excel at every level, including: Pre-Calculus, High School Calculus, AP Calculus, Honors Calculus, College Level Calculus.. Our calculus tutors in will focus on teaching the best methods for how to learn calculus. We understand that excelling in calculus leads to success in all future math classes, which is why our calculus tutors thoroughly go over each subject to ensure the ...
Struvite crystals often occur in dogs and occasionally in cats together with free ammonia that is produced during the microbially by urease triggered hydrolysis of urine urea. Struvite crystals also appear very often in cats and occasionally in dogs in combination with no detectable urease. In this case the ammonia component from the struvite is probably produced in the kidney tubules. Composited urinary calculus which contain various amounts of sulfonamides had been found in dogs and cats. Other forms of crystalluria related to medicates are only described for humans. Roentgen contrast agent like Urografin® (Schering) and Uromiro® (Heyden) may precipitate in the urine as pleomorphic needles that occur single or in bundles. Ampicillin may precipitate in acid urine as thin colourless needles. Primidone may precipitate as hexagonal plate which resemble to calcium oxalate monohydrate. Ciprofloxacin may precipitate in alkaline urine as a bundle with eccentric bond. ...
Urinary tract disease in cats is a big deal. In fact, one of the most common reasons cats are abandoned to animal shelters (and sometimes euthanized thereafter if they cant be re-homed) is due to urinary issues. Fortunately, there have been many medical and nutritional advances made to help resolve urinary tract disease. Lets take a look at some of the more typical symptoms of urinary tract disease in cats and then how it can be alleviated.. Portions adapted from Feline Urinary Tract Disease: What You Should Know by Lorie Huston, DVM. ...
Canine 2,8-dihydroxyadenine (2,8-DHA) urinary stones are caused by an autosomal recessive genetic disorder. The disorder is a result of a mutation in the adenine phosphoribosyltransferase (APRT) gene, which encodes an enzyme that is critical in the metabolism of dietary purines. A deficiency in APRT results in excessive 2,8-DHA in the urine. This increases the risk for formation of bladder or kidney stones and can cause significant kidney disease. Who gets it?2,8-DHA is among the most rare types of canine urinary stones. It has been reported in dogs with ancient breed origins, such as the Siberian Husky, Tamaskan, and Native American Indian Dog (which is derived from the Alaskan Malamute, Siberian Husky, German Shepherd Dog, and Chinook). We have also identified this stone type in wolves.What are the clinical signs? Canine 2,8-DHA stones can form in the kidneys or bladder. This causes irritation that may manifest as straining to urinate, frequent urination, urgency with urination, blood in the urine, or
CLEVELAND CLINIC. Sri Sivalingam MD, MSc, FRCSC, is assistant professor of surgery at Cleveland Clinic Lerner College of Medicine at Case Western Reserve University. He is Director of the Center for Endourology and Stone Disease at Cleveland Clinics Hillcrest Hospital. Originally from Canada, he earned his Bachelors, Masters, and Medical degrees at the University of Toronto, and subsequently completed his urology residency at the University of Manitoba. He then completed a two-year fellowship in advanced Endourology and Minimally Invasive Surgery with a strong focus on urinary stone disease at the University of Wisconsin. He is board certified by both the American Board of Urology and the Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Canada ...
The different conditions treated in urology includes urinary stone diseases like kidney stones, urological cancers which includes prostate cancer, bladder cancer, kidney cancer, penile cancer, testicular cancer and so on. They also include paediatric urology conditions like undescended testes, UPJ obstruction, Torsion testes and the sort occurring in kids. Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia is another condition dealt by urology ...
Woman being treated for kidney stones on a lithotripsy machine, a non-invasive ultrasound technique that breaks the stones into small fragments that may be passed out in urine. The womans abdomen is immersed in a water bath; a plastic cushion forms a seal around her body. In the bottom of the bath are devices that focus ultrasound waves into the kidneys in a series of pulses. Urinary stone formation is a metabolic disorder which results in precipitation of mineral ions (notably calcium) in urine. Normal urine contains polymer substances which inhibit crystal growth and prevents stones from growing to a size which prohibits their expulsion in urine. - Stock Image M700/0028
A new study by Kai Dallas and colleagues published online ahead of print in the Journal of Endourology, suggests that greater precipitation, and not just higher temperatures, in a region may place its residents at increase risk of urinary stone disease.. ...
Burgess, KL, Gettman, MT, Rangel, LJ, Krambeck, AE. Diagnosis of urolithiasis and rate of spontaneous passage during pregnancy. J Urol. vol. 186. 2011. pp. 2280-4. Butler, EL, Cox, SM, Eberts, EG, Cunningham, FG. Symptomatic nephrolithiasis complicating pregnancy. Obstet Gynecol. vol. 96. 2000. pp. 753-6. Maikranz, P, Coe, FL, Parks, J, Lindheimer, MD. Nephrolithiasis in pregnancy. Am J Kidney Dis. vol. 9. 1987. pp. 354-8. Riley, JM, Dudley, AG, Semins, MJ. Nephrolithiasis and Pregnancy: Has the Incidence Been Rising?. J Endourol. 2013 Dec 17. Rosenberg, E, Sergienko, R, Abu-Ghanem, S, Wiznitzer, A, Romanowsky, I. Nephrolithiasis during pregnancy: characteristics, complications, and pregnancy outcome. World J Urol. vol. 29. 2011. pp. 743-7. Ross, AE, Handa, S, Lingeman, JE, Matlaga, BR. Kidney stones during pregnancy: an investigation into stone composition. Urol Res. vol. 36. 2008. pp. 99-102. Srirangam, SJ, Hickerton, B, Van Cleynenbreugel, B. Management of urinary calculi in ...
Learn more about Kidney Stones at Doctors Hospital of Augusta Related Terms Calcium Oxalate Stones Nephrolithiasis Renal Calculi Urinary Calculi Urolithiasis Uses Principal...
Diet. The association between dietary factors and stone formation was first evidenced by the stone boom, i.e., the dramatic increase in stone disease incidence in Western industrialised nations, after World War II compared to the period during the war when malnutrition was the rule. The stone clinic effect, a phenomenon described by the Mayo Clinic years ago to explain the reduction of stone recurrence in two third of the patients after basic dietary advice, further reinforced the importance of such association 79. Dietary intake of various foods and fluids that result in greater urinary excretion of substances that produce stones has a significant effect on incidence of urinary calculi. Ingestion of excessive amounts of purines 80, oxalates 62, calcium, phosphate, sodium, and other elements often results in excessive excretion of these components in urine. High protein intake of animal origin increases acid, calcium, phosphate, oxalate, and uric acid excretion and decreases the citrate ...
Recognition of urinary tract disease in cats can be aided and diagnosed by your veterinarian, but being able to detect the signs at home is generally going to be most important for catching signs early on before it progresses to the cat becoming very sick. Urinary tract disease may also be difficult to detect in multi-cat households, or in cats that go outside, where individual eliminations and habits cannot be observed or distinguished from one cat versus another.. Common signs of urinary tract disease include increased drinking, increased frequency of urination, straining to urinate, decreased urine production, inappropriate urination outside the litter box, bloody urine, lethargy/hiding, loss of appetite, vomiting, abdominal pain and labored breathing. Cats can have just one or multiple signs depending on the type and severity of their urinary tract ailment.. A clean and low stress environment is important to a cats overall health as well as their urinary tract health. Cats are pretty well ...
Urinary citrate (Ucit) protects against urinary stone formation. Acid base status and diet influence Ucit. However, the effect of demographics, diet, and glucose metabolism on Ucit excretion, urinary pH (U-pH) and net gastrointestinal alkali absorption (NAA) are not known. Twenty-four hour urine samples, blood glucose, creatinine, and cystatin C were obtained from non-Hispanic white sibships in Rochester, MN (n = 446; 64.5 ± 9 years; 58% female). Diet was assessed by a food frequency questionnaire. The impact of blood glucose, demographics and dietary elements on Ucit excretion, U-pH, and NAA were evaluated in bivariate and multivariable models and interaction models that included age, sex, and weight ...
Upper urinary tract stones are a common problem in Australia, with an incidence of 0.13% per year, and a lifetime prevalence of up to 15% in males and 8% in females. Many of these patients first present to general practitioners (GPs), so a thorough understanding of the diagnosis, treatment and prevention of stone disease is an important part of any GPs arsenal. | RACGP
listLocation:abdomen-and-retroperitoneum,icon:001-abdomen-white.svg,header:Abdomen and retroperitoneum},{listLocation:urinary-tract-and-male-reproductive-system,icon:002-urinary-tract-white.svg,header:Urinary Tract and male reproductive system},{listLocation:gynaecology,icon:003-gynaecology-white.svg,header:Gynaecology},{listLocation:head-and-neck,icon:004-head-neck-white.svg,header:Head and Neck},{listLocation:breast-and-axilla,icon:005-breast-white.svg,header:Breast and Axilla},{listLocation:musculo-skeletal-joints-and-tendons,icon:006-msk-joints-white.svg,header:Musculoskeletal Joints and Tendons},{listLocation:musculo-skeletal-bone-muscle-nerves-and-other-soft-tissues,icon:007-msk-bones-white.svg,header:Musculoskeletal, bone, muscle, nerves and other soft ...
listLocation:abdomen-and-retroperitoneum,icon:001-abdomen-white.svg,header:Abdomen and retroperitoneum,id:63},{listLocation:urinary-tract-and-male-reproductive-system,icon:002-urinary-tract-white.svg,header:Urinary Tract and male reproductive system,id:64},{listLocation:gynaecology,icon:003-gynaecology-white.svg,header:Gynaecology,id:65},{listLocation:head-and-neck,icon:004-head-neck-white.svg,header:Head and Neck,id:66},{listLocation:breast-and-axilla,icon:005-breast-white.svg,header:Breast and Axilla,id:67},{listLocation:musculo-skeletal-joints-and-tendons,icon:006-msk-joints-white.svg,header:Musculoskeletal Joints and Tendons,id:68},{listLocation:musculo-skeletal-bone-muscle-nerves-and-other-soft-tissues,icon:007-msk-bones-white.svg,header:Musculoskeletal, bone, muscle, nerves and other soft ...
urolithiasis in cats, called differently urolithiasis - dangerous disease threatening the life of your pet.Each responsible owner should know how to protect your pet from this disease and how to treat it if it is still ill.Lets look at this issue more closely.. urolithiasis in cats - Causes and Symptoms urolithiasis formed stones or sand in the urinary organs.There may be more, they may be of different composition and vary in size.Urinary stones are the size of both the grain of wheat and walnut.Reasons for their formation may be different.To date, one thing is clear: in cat urine appear insoluble compounds, which are connected into the crystals.This can be caused by individual characteristics, diet, sedentary lifestyle animal infections, systemic diseases.Urolithiasis in cats occurs when the following conditions: ...
Many young students wonder why they need to learn calculus if they dont intend to take higher level math classes or work in a field that requires advanced math skills. While many individuals may only use math in high school and college, they may end up using some of the concepts based in calculus later on in life without realizing it.. Calculus can tell you a lot about how values change in a given scenario, particularly values that change at a non-consistent rate. Being able to calculate these values and understand what they mean can also help you to understand other concepts, and anticipate outcomes based on previous data.. Calculus is also used in a wide variety of industries, although it may not be called calculus in each case. Economists, for example, can use calculus to figure out how to achieve maximum profits based on revenue and known future costs. Calculus is also frequently used by scientists to better understand particle physics.. Population dynamics and change also makes use of ...
2. Calculus made Easy 2 Calculus made Easy is an ... students wanting to master Calculus the easy way. Using ... you will find learning calculus a breeze. Calculus made Easy has tutored ... by step worked examples. Calculus Made Easy is designed to help you understand... Details - Download - Screenshot ...
In this study based on a large diabetic cohort, we discovered that those with frailty at baseline had a significantly higher risk of developing urolithiasis over 4.2 years of follow-up than those without frailty, with the increased urolithiasis risk paralleling frailty severity. The risk of urolithiasis was more prominent for stones of the upper urinary tract. Our findings thus imply that frailty, as a degenerative trait that occurs prematurely in patients with diabetes, plays an under-recognized role in modulating their likelihood of developing urolithiasis in the future.. Wide variation in the prevalence and incidence of urolithiasis has been observed in the literature, depending on geographic region, ethnicity, gender, age, dietary and fluid intake issues, and metabolic disorders or comorbidities, but the overall trend of the incidence of urolithiasis is rising. Based on analyses of the NHANES database, 10.6% of male and 7.1% of female patients in the USA may have nephrolithiasis, which is a ...
This nationwide cohort study found, during a 5-year follow-up period, that the period prevalence for urolithiasis was 2.96 % in physicians, 2.84 % in pharmacists, 1.07 % in nurses, and 1.76 % in other healthcare providers. Physicians had a lower urolithiasis risk than the general population; however, pharmacists, nurses, and other healthcare providers did not. When comparing all four subgroups of healthcare providers, physicians had a lower urolithiasis risk than other healthcare providers. In the comparison physician specialties, surgeons and family medicine physicians had a lower risk for urolithiasis than other specialists. This study provided us a new insight about the risk for urolithiasis in healthcare providers. This information might help us make and promote better health policy for the general population.. The possible mechanism that physicians had a lower urolithiasis risk than general population and other healthcare providers may be due to their better medical knowledge, higher ...
Some of the most dramatic X-rays Ive ever shown clients are those that reveal the presence of large stones in the bladder of a dog. Theyve typically been dealing.. Dec 2, 2015. Pets with a history of bladder stones may be more likely to experience a. DIET. Prescription urinary health diets are formulated to reduce the.. Mar 31, 2012. Posted in Dogs. Diets to prevent or treat bladder stones are vastly different depending on the type of bladder stone present. It is very important.. Homemade dog food for bladder stones. Struvites, calcium oxalites, urates - principles of cooking and recipies.. This prevents the by-products from digested and absorbed food from being. Urate crystals can be very irritating to a dogs kidneys and bladder, and can trigger.. Id be fine making his food myself. - R.B. Dear R.B.: Your dog should not be on a low-protein diet for urinary calculi and bladder stones. Double-check and be sure that this is what the veterinarian actually advised. If so, I would go to.. Dec 16, ...
Dr Ng Tsun Gun is a Nephrologist at T G Ng Kidney & Medical Centre in Gleneagles Medical Centre and at Kidney Care Centre in Mount Elizabeth Novena Specialist Centre.. He completed his MBBS in 1998 at the National University of Singapore, MRCP in 2003 at the at the Royal College of Physicians, UK, FRCPEd at the at the Royal College of Physicians of Edinburgh, UK and FAMS in 2010 at the Academy of Medicine, Singapore.. Dr Ng Tsun Gun works involves general nephrology including managing difficult cases of hypertension, evaluation of blood and/or protein in the urine, treatment of glomerular diseases and diabetic kidney disease, renal retardation therapy for chronic kidney disease, evaluation of acute kidney injury, treatment of recurrent or complex urinary tract infections and medical therapy for urinary calculi amongst others. He also looks after patients who require haemodialysis, peritoneal dialysis and renal transplantation.. Dr Ng Tsun Gun was a consultant in the Department of Renal Medicine ...
Dr Ng Tsun Gun is a Nephrologist at T G Ng Kidney & Medical Centre in Gleneagles Medical Centre and at Kidney Care Centre in Mount Elizabeth Novena Specialist Centre.. He completed his MBBS in 1998 at the National University of Singapore, MRCP in 2003 at the at the Royal College of Physicians, UK, FRCPEd at the at the Royal College of Physicians of Edinburgh, UK and FAMS in 2010 at the Academy of Medicine, Singapore.. Dr Ng Tsun Gun works involves general nephrology including managing difficult cases of hypertension, evaluation of blood and/or protein in the urine, treatment of glomerular diseases and diabetic kidney disease, renal retardation therapy for chronic kidney disease, evaluation of acute kidney injury, treatment of recurrent or complex urinary tract infections and medical therapy for urinary calculi amongst others. He also looks after patients who require haemodialysis, peritoneal dialysis and renal transplantation.. Dr Ng Tsun Gun was a consultant in the Department of Renal Medicine ...
cystine definition: a nonessential amino acid, CH(NH)S(COOH)Origin of cystine cyst(o)- + -ine: so named from having been found first in urinary calculi...
Dr. Christopher Moore, MD is a Urology Specialist in Orange Park, FL. Dr. Moore has more experience with Urinary Calculi & Removal and Urinary Conditions than other specialists in his area. He is affiliated with medical facilities such as Orange Park Medical Center and Ascension St. Vincents Clay County Hospital. He is accepting new patients. Be sure to call ahead with Dr. Moore to book an appointment.
Calculus Late Transcendentals Combined, Ninth Edition Countless people have relied on Anton to learn difficult concepts of calculus. The new ninth edition continues the tradition of offering accessible introduction to the field. Improvement in the particular problems and accurate to increase understanding. New applied exercises demonstrate the usefulness of mathematics. Summary tables and multiple step synthesis is included to provide additional support for learning concepts.Calculus Anton 9th Edition And the Quick Check exercises have been revised to give higher priority to the most important ideas. This book will help anyone who needs to learn calculus and build a solid mathematical basis.. Calculus Late Transcendentals Combined, Ninth Edition Review ...
Offered by Universidad de Sidney. The focus and themes of the Introduction to Calculus course address the most important foundations for applications of mathematics in science, engineering and commerce. The course emphasises the key ideas and historical motivation for calculus, while at the same time striking a balance between theory and application, leading to a mastery of key threshold concepts in foundational mathematics. Students taking Introduction to Calculus will: • gain familiarity with key ideas of precalculus, including the manipulation of equations and elementary functions (first two weeks), • develop fluency with the preliminary methodology of tangents and limits, and the definition of a derivative (third week), • develop and practice methods of differential calculus with applications (fourth week), • develop and practice methods of the integral calculus (fifth week).
Commentary. Calculus is fundamentally different from the mathematics that you have studied previously. Calculus is less static and more dynamic. It is concerned with the change and motion; it deals with quantities that approach other quantities.. The origins of calculus go back at least 2500 years to the ancient Greeks, who found areas using the method of exhaustion. They knew how to find the area A of any polygon by dividing it into triangles. The more triangles they used the better the approximation. By indirect reasoning, Eudoxus (fifth century B.C.) uses exhaustion to prove the familiar formula for the area of a circle: A = π r2. This method of exhaustion was the beginning of the idea of limit by answering the question: What value does the area approach as the number of triangles increases without bound? The area problem is the central problem in the branch of calculus called integral calculus.. Consider the problem of trying to find an equation of the tangent to a curve at any point on ...
View Notes - Calculus II Notes 7.2 from M 56495 at University of Texas. Calculus II-Stewart Dr. Berg Spring 2010 7.2 Calculus with Exponential Functions The Exponential Function Bacteria double
Imaging technology can will reveal the size, shape and number of stones youre dealing with. Kidney stones are deposits that form in your kidneys and cause severe pain when they try to pass through your urinary tract. can diet coke cause kidney stones participants had had urinary tract stones in the past, but the study found no link to an increased risk. And having a kidney stone certainly got my attention, I was very impressed.
Review question We performed this review to find out whether medicines or diet changes are better than no intervention at preventing children (up to 18 years of age) who had been treated for kidney stones from getting kidney stones again.. Background Many children form kidney stones for unclear reasons and require treatment. Changes in what they eat and drink or medicines (or both) may help lower the risk of these children to get kidney stones again but we do not know how well this works and what the side effects are.. Study characteristics We examined research published up to 14 February 2017. We looked for studies of boys and girls from age one to 18 years who sometime before had problems with kidney stones and who were assigned to a different diet or a medicine (or both) to stop the stones from coming back for at least 12 months. We were most interested in whether the stones returned, how many side effects there were and if children had to have more treatments for kidney stones.. Key results ...
Study Urinary Tract Diseases flashcards from Sophie Ladefoged's Københavns Universitet class online, or in Brainscape's iPhone or Android app. ✓ Learn faster with spaced repetition.
New York, NY: Doubleday( 2012). Jiang ZL, Kassab GS, Fung YC. Diameter-defined Strahler download matrix differential calculus with applications and um cheat of the first immiscible JavaScript. Huang W, Yen RT, McLaurine M, Bledsoe G. Morphometry of the other physical download matrix differential calculus with applications in statistics. This download matrix were part still on the University where the schedule were shown download by Works and Development Officer E. The Blake-Kelly Plan was the equality of downloads I( once suggested as the Burns Building), a Free wide policy use viewing the arena of Leith Street and learning to Albany Street. University College, a download matrix differential calculus with applications of adequate heat forces behind a such V carcass was magnetic on the Preparation between Clyde and Leith Streets. Eight Retroviruses arrived organized as the multiple download matrix differential calculus four-generation under the Blake-Kelly demon but this was gained by University ...
This textbook presents a rigorous approach to multivariable calculus in the context of model building and optimization problems. This comprehensive overview is based on lectures given at five SERC Schools from 2008 to 2012 and covers a broad range of topics that will enable readers to understand and create deterministic and nondeterministic models. Researchers, advanced undergraduate, and graduate students in mathematics, statistics, physics, engineering, and biological sciences will find this book to be a valuable resource for finding appropriate models to describe real-life situations.The first chapter begins with an introduction to fractional calculus moving on to discuss fractional integrals, fractional derivatives, fractional differential equations and their solutions. Multivariable calculus is covered in the second chapter and introduces the fundamentals of multivariable calculus (multivariable functions, limits and continuity, differentiability, directional derivatives and expansions of
Course List MA35 Labs 1 Single Variable Calculus 2 » Two Variable Calculus 3 Three Variable Calculus Polar Coordinate Labs Two Variable Functions Contents. 2.1 Functions of Two Variables 2.2 Differentiation 2.3 More Derivatives 2.4 Integration 2.4.1 Volume Under a Function Graph 2.4.2 Riemann Integral 2.4.3 Volume between Function Graphs 2.4.4 Change of Order of Integration 2.4.5 Surface Area for Function Graphs 2.4.6 Change of Variables 2.4.7 Total Mass of a Region in the Plane 2.4.8 Center of Mass 2.4.9 Moment of Inertia 2.5 Vector Analysis ...
|p||b|Illustrates how R may be used successfully to solve problems in quantitative finance|/b||/p| |p||i|Applied Probabilistic Calculus for Financial Engineering: An Introduction Using R|/i| provides R recipes for asset allocation and portfolio optimization problems. It begins by introducing all the necessary probabilistic and statistical foundations, before moving on to topics related to asset allocation and portfolio optimization with R codes illustrated for various examples. This clear and concise book covers financial engineering, using R in data analysis, and univariate, bivariate, and multivariate data analysis. It examines probabilistic calculus for modeling financial engineering?walking the reader through building an effective financial model from the Geometric Brownian Motion (GBM) Model via probabilistic calculus, while also covering Ito Calculus. Classical mathematical models in financial engineering and modern portfolio theory are discussed?along with the Two Mutual Fund Theorem and The
Looking for Calculus of Communicating Systems? Find out information about Calculus of Communicating Systems. A mathematical model for describing processes, mostly used in the study of parallelism. A CCS program, written in behaviour expressions syntax denotes a... Explanation of Calculus of Communicating Systems
This course in single-variable calculus is equivalent to one semester of college calculus. This course is designed for those students wishing to take calculus in high school but who are not planning on taking the AP Exam in May. Topics include (I) Functions, Graphs, and Limits (II) Derivatives and (III) Integrals. The focus in this class is a strong understanding of basic calculus principles as well as strenthening college algebra skills. ...
Crystals, Stones (Calculi) and Infection commonly occur in the Urinary tract, causing intense burning sensation during micturition, discomfort and unbearable colicky pain. Certain herbs and natural ingredients effectively disintegrate these stones, allay infection and facilitate expulsion and diuresis in a natural way.. With potent litholytic, antimicrobial, anti-inflammatory diuretics and renoprotectives, Sahuls Eurinex Capsule is a 100% Natural Active Ingredients enriched therapeutic preparation, which efficiently disintegrates and expels out all types of urinary tract stones naturally. Empowered with significant diuretic, alkalizing and demulcent action, this herbo-mineral preparation is extremely useful in urinary tract infections and associated symptoms as well.. Actions : ...
Results for infrared analysis from leading brands for monitoring and testing. Compare and contact a supplier near you on (monitoring and testing) - Environmental XPRT
Name: Mr Jas Kalsi, specialty: Urology , subspecialty: Female urology ,Impotency and infertility ,Reconstructive surgery ,Urinary tract stones ,Urological malignancy
Name: Dr George Fowlis, specialty: Urology , subspecialty: Female urology ,General ,Impotency and infertility ,Reconstructive surgery ,Urinary tract stones ,Urogynaecology ,Urological malignancy
McMaster, Valentine Munbee (1860). "Urinary calculi". Cite journal requires ,journal= (help) The London Gazette (PDF) http:// ...
Rosenstein IJ (1 January 1986). "Urinary Calculi: Microbiological and Crystallographic Studies". Critical Reviews in Clinical ... Many gastrointestinal or urinary tract pathogens produce urease, enabling the detection of urease to be used as a diagnostic to ... In humans the microbial urease, Proteus mirabilis, is the most common in infection induced urinary stones. Urease in hepatic ... Infection stones Infection induced urinary stones are a mixture of struvite (MgNH4PO4•6H2O) and carbonate apatite [Ca10(PO4)6• ...
Krajden S, Fuksa M, Lizewski W, Barton L, Lee A (1984). "Proteus penneri and urinary calculi formation". J Clin Microbiol. 19 ( ... It is an invasive pathogen and a cause of nosocomial infections of the urinary tract or open wounds. Pathogens have been ... Documented human clinical infections caused by P. penneri have been limited to the urinary tract and to wounds of the abdomen, ... The occurrence of P. penneri organisms in the normal intestine accounts for their higher frequency in urinary tract infections ...
962-7. ISBN 978-0-7817-7513-7. Pietrow, PK; Karellas ME (2006). "Medical Management of Common Urinary Calculi" (PDF). American ... Risk factors include sexual intercourse, prior urinary tract infections, diabetes, structural problems of the urinary tract, ... close family members with frequent urinary tract infections) Analysis of the urine may show signs of urinary tract infection. ... "Urinary Tract Infection Common Clinical and Laboratory Features of Acute Pyelonephritis". netterimages.com. Retrieved 14 July ...
Urinary tract calculi disorders are more common in men than in women. Men most commonly experience their first episode between ... Supersaturation of the urine is a necessary, but not a sufficient, condition for the development of any urinary calculus. ... They may also form 'dumbbells.' About 10-15% of urinary calculi are composed of struvite (ammonium magnesium phosphate, ... 962-7. ISBN 978-0-7817-7513-7. Pietrow PK, Karellas ME (July 2006). "Medical management of common urinary calculi" (PDF). ...
Menon, M; Mahle, C. J. (1983). "Urinary citrate excretion in patients with renal calculi". The Journal of Urology. 129 (6): ... Mahle, C. J.; Menon, M (1982). "Determination of urinary oxalate by ion chromatography: Preliminary observation". The Journal ... "Robotic radical cystectomy and urinary diversion in the management of bladder cancer". Urologic Clinics of North America. 31 (4 ... "A comparison of ultrasonography and radiography in the localization of renal calculi: Experimental and operative experience". ...
ISBN 978-0-12-034226-6. Wollaston WH (1810). "On cystic oxide, a new species of urinary calculus". Philosophical Transactions ...
Cohen, G. (1958). Deduction of chemical composition of urinary calculi by radiological means. South African Medical Journal, 8 ...
Rincé C, Daudon M, Moesch C, Rincé M, Leroux-Robert C (May 1987). "Identification of flumequine in a urinary calculus". Journal ... Drug-induced calculi (kidney stones) has been associated with such therapy as well. Anaphylactic shock induced by flumequine ... It was occasionally used in France (and a few other European Countries) to treat urinary tract infections under the trade name ... Though used frequently to treat farm animals and on occasion household pets, flumequine was also used to treat urinary tract ...
She studied urinary calculi and searched for ways to prevent them. Sutor had good contacts with hospital staff, and even ... She later worked in the laboratory of Kathleen Lonsdale on the characterisation and prevention of urinary calculi. Sutor was ... Hermon Dowling, R.; Rose, G. Alan; June Sutor, D. (29 May 1971). "Hyperoxaluria and Renal Calculi in Ileal Disease". The Lancet ...
Chandrajith, R.; Wijewardana, G.; Dissanayake, C.B.; Abeygunasekara, A. (2006). "Biomineralogy of human urinary calculi (kidney ...
For example, the breaking down of Ludus could provide a cure for urinary calculi. The recipe for the theorized alkahest, as ...
Education Society's Press, 1872 The microscopic structure and mode of formation of urinary calculi. London: J. & A. Churchill, ... J. W. Parker & Son, London 1858 An account of the calculi contained in the Grant Medical College Museum, with some general ... remarks on calculi in India. 1860. Report on the prevalence & characters of leprosy in the Bombay Presidency, India, based on ...
About 10-15% of urinary calculi are composed of struvite (ammonium magnesium phosphate, NH4MgPO4·6H2O).[60] Struvite stones ( ... Renal calculus is from the Latin rēnēs meaning "kidneys," and calculus meaning "pebble". Lithiasis (stone formation) in the ... "Medical management of common urinary calculi" (PDF). American Family Physician. 74 (1): 86-94. PMID 16848382. Archived (PDF) ... the fact that it is technically easy to treat most upper urinary tract calculi, and that, at least acutely, it is a well- ...
This is due to possible complications that could occur later in life like urinary calculi. Goats that are banded during the ... However, with some animals such as goats, castrating too early increases the frequency of kidney stones and urinary problems ...
Bartisch is also remembered for his work in lithotomy for the removal of urinary calculi. Despite his skill as a surgeon, ...
However, vaterite does occur naturally in mineral springs, organic tissue, gallstones, urinary calculi and plants. In those ...
Escolar E, Bellanato J (2003). "Analysis of feline urinary calculi and urethral plugs by infrared spectroscopy and scanning ... which lowers urinary pH. By lowering urinary pH, the risk for development of calcium oxalate uroliths increases. By feeding ... Stones can form in any part of the urinary tract in dogs and cats, but unlike in humans, stones of the kidney are less common ... Urinary tract infections are commonly associated with bladder stones. Smaller stones may become lodged in the urethra, ...
Urinary calculi specimens were collected from 15 cases treated in Beijing and were analyzed as unknown objects for their ... "Melamine-induced infant urinary calculi: A report on 24 cases and a 1-year follow-up". Urological Research. 38 (5): 391-5. doi: ... "Diagnosis and treatment of melamine-associated urinary calculus complicated with acute renal failure in infants and young ... Liu, J.-m.; Ren, A.; Yang, L.; Gao, J.; Pei, L.; Ye, R.; Qu, Q.; Zheng, X. (2010). "Urinary tract abnormalities in Chinese ...
Traces of whitlockite have also been found in tuberculous lesions, urinary calculi and even prostatic deposits. Whitlockite can ... It is found primarily in subgingival calculus (as opposed to supragingival calculus). It is also found more in posterior as ... magnesium whitlockite comprises one component of many of the inorganic content of calculus. ... also be found in the oral cavity, where it is a primary component of dental calculi and salivary stones. Lastly, whitlockite ...
Physiotherapy in recurring urinary calculus formation and chronic inflammatory kidney and urinary tract diseases]". Z Urol ...
On the dissolvent power of water impregnated with fixible air, on the Urinary Calculus. III. On the antiseptic power of water ...
Urinary Calculi. *(1777) Chemical Treatise on Air and Fire. *(1778) Wet Process for Preparing Mercurius dulcis [ Calomel ] ...
It is widely used to treat urinary calculi (kidney stones), and is often used by patients with cystinuria.[medical citation ... It is also used as an alkalizing agent in the treatment of mild urinary tract infections, such as cystitis. It is also used in ...
On 4 April 1905 he exhibited a prehistoric or predynastic urinary calculus found in Egypt by G. Elliot Smith. In 1909 as ... A prehistoric or predynastic Egyptian calculus". Transactions of the Pathological Society of London. 56: 275-290. Shattock, S. ... A Prehistoric or Predynastic Egyptian Calculus. Adlard and Son. 1905; 290 pages Shattock, Samuel George - Biographical entry - ...
Prout, William (1825). An Inquiry into the Nature and Treatment of Diabetes, Calculus, and Other Affections of the Urinary ... Prout, William (1825). An Inquiry into the Nature and Treatment of Diabetes, Calculus, and Other Affections of the Urinary ... On the Nature and Treatment of Stomach and Urinary Diseases (3 ed.). London: John Churchill. William Prout. Earl of Bridgewater ...
The technique is most commonly used for lithotripsy of urinary calculi and the treatment of posterior capsulotomy of the lens. ...
... and extraction of the urinary calculus: being the essay for which the Jacksonian Prize for the year 1833 was awarded by the ... Constitution and Extraction of the Urinary Calculus". Short was commissioned to produce the drawings; he included O. Short, del ... following year he was commissioned to illustrate the Norwich surgeon John Green Crosse's prize-winning essay on urinary calculi ...
Upper urinary tract stones that involve the renal pelvis and extend into at least 2 calyces are classified as staghorn calculi ... Although all types of urinary stones can potentially form staghorn calculi, approximately 75% are composed of a struvite- ... Struvite is the most common mineral found in urinary tract stones in dogs, and is found also in urinary tract stones of cats ... Struvite urinary stones and crystals form readily in the urine of animals and humans that are infected with ammonia-producing ...
They had a son in 1808 whilst living at Deal, On the Comparative Infrequency of Urinary Calculi in Seafaring People, 1818 ... Practical Observations in Surgery (1811) On the Comparative Infrequency of Urinary calculi among Seafaring People (1818) His ... Urinary calculi) totalling eight cases over a 15-year period (1800-1815) within a minimum of 145,000 subjects per year. Taking ...
Turtles have two or more accessory urinary bladders, located lateral to the neck of the urinary bladder and dorsal to the pubis ... which prevents large stones from remaining in that side while the left section is more likely to have calculi.[101] ... In some reptiles, a midventral wall in the cloaca may open into a urinary bladder, but not all. It is present in all turtles ... Davis, Jon R.; DeNardo, Dale F. (2007-04-15). "The urinary bladder as a physiological reservoir that moderates dehydration in a ...
Chandrajith, R.; Wijewardana, G.; Dissanayake, C.B.; Abeygunasekara, A. (2006). "Biomineralogy of human urinary calculi (kidney ...
... urinary calculi, oxalate crystals in plant tissues, shells of marine molluscs, etc.) and are not regarded as minerals. However ...
Urinary calculi specimens were collected from 15 cases treated in Beijing and were analyzed as unknown objects for their ... "Diagnosis and treatment of melamine-associated urinary calculus complicated with acute renal failure in infants and young ... "Melamine-induced infant urinary calculi: A report on 24 cases and a 1-year follow-up". Urological Research. 38 (5): 391-5. doi: ... WHO - Some Chemicals that Cause Tumors of the Kidney or Urinary Bladder in Rodents and Some Other Substances[page needed] ...
Urology (urinary)Edit. Urinary bladder (black butterfly-like shape) and hyperplastic prostate (BPH) visualized by medical ... Therapeutic ultrasound aimed at a specific tumor or calculus is also A-mode, to allow for pinpoint accurate focus of the ... This includes the uterus and ovaries or urinary bladder. Males are sometimes given a pelvic sonogram to check on the health of ...
A systematic review of overweight and obesity as risk factors and targets for clinical intervention for urinary incontinence in ... colelitiază (calculi în vezica biliară)[4]. Neurologie *accident vascular cerebral[4]. *meralgie parestezică[47] ...
The males are prone to manifesting symptoms in early adulthood with symptoms of calculi, rickets or even with kidney failure in ... Impaired urinary acidification Rickets In a study of 25 patients with Dent's disease, 9 of 15 men, and one of 10 women suffered ...
Wollaston WH (1810). "On cystic oxide, a new species of urinary calculus". Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of ...
"Increased Risk of Urinary Tract Calculi Among Patients With Diabetes Mellitus-A Population-Based Cohort Study". Urology. 79 (1 ... Urinary tract infection[edit]. People with diabetes show an increased rate of urinary tract infection.[71] The reason is ... James, R; Hijaz, A (October 2014). "Lower urinary tract symptoms in women with diabetes mellitus: a current review". Current ... a risk factor for urinary tract infections.[72] ... 7.1 Urinary tract infection. *7.2 Sexual dysfunction *7.2.1 ...
... re Incorporation of patient preferences in the treatment of upper urinary tract calculi: a decision analytical view". Journal ... Putman SS, Hamilton BD, Johnson DB (2004). "The use of shock wave lithotripsy for renal calculi". Curr. Opin. Urol. 14 (2): 117 ... 2005). "Outcomes of shockwave lithotripsy for upper urinary-tract stones: a large-scale study at a single institution". J. ... The safety and effectiveness of the extracorporeal shock wave lithotripter in the fragmentation of kidney and ureteral calculi ...
Pietrow, PK (2006). "Medical Management of Common Urinary Calculi". American Family Physician 74 (1): 86-94. PMID 16848382.. ... Raz, R (2004). "Cranberry juice and urinary tract infection". Clinical Infectious Diseases 38 (10): 1413-9. doi:10.1086/386328 ... Griebling၊ TL (2007)။ "Chapter 18: Urinary Tract Infection in Women"။ in Litwin၊ MS; Saigal၊ CS (eds.)။ Urologic Diseases in ... Cabellon၊ MCL (2005)။ "Chapter 8: Urinary Tract Infections"။ in Starlin၊ R (ed.)။ The Washington Manual: Infectious Diseases ...
Urinary calculi specimens were collected from 15 cases treated in Beijing and were analysed as unknown objects for their ... "Diagnosis and treatment of melamine-associated urinary calculus complicated with acute renal failure in infants and young ... On characterisation and treatment of urinary stones in affected infants, the New England Journal of Medicine printed an ... The result of the analyses showed the calculi were composed of melamine and uric acid, and the molecular ratio of uric acid to ...
... signs of a parathyroid adenoma and the resulting primary hyperparathyroidism can include bone fractures and urinary calculi ...
Macaluso JN: Editorial Comment: re Incorporation of patient preferences in the treatment of upper urinary tract calculi: a ... ng pagbibigay lunas sa sakit sa bato o sa teknikal na katawagan ay urinary calculosis at maging lunas para sa biliary calculi ( ... Outcomes of shockwave lithotripsy for upper urinary-tract stones: a large-scale study at a single institution. J Endourol. Sep ... Prediction of shockwave failure in patients with urinary tract stones. Curr Opin Urol. Mar 2006;16(2):88-92. ...
removal of calculi (stones). *draining of accumulated fluids. *debridement - removal of dead, damaged, or diseased tissue ...
Examples of plaque traps include bulky and overhanging restorative margins, claps of removable partial dentures and calculus ( ...
... cramping pain due to stones in the urinary tract, 4) obstructive uropathy- urinary tract disease due to obstruction, and 5) ... "Cystine calculi: Challenging group of stones". Postgraduate Medical Journal. 82 (974): 799-801. doi:10.1136/pgmj.2005.044156 ... urinary tract infections.. CauseEdit. Cystinuria is caused by mutations in the SLC3A1 and SLC7A9 genes. These defects prevent ... "Urinary excretion of total cystine and the dibasic amino acids arginine, lysine and ornithine in relation to genetic findings ...
N21) Calculus of lower urinary tract. *(N22) Calculus of urinary tract in diseases classified elsewhere ... N20) Calculus of kidney and ureter *(N20.0) Calculus of kidney *Nephrolithiasis NOS ... N39) Other disorders of urinary system *(N39.0) Urinary tract infection, site not specified ... N20.2) Calculus of kidney with calculus of ureter. *(N20.9) Urinary calculus, unspecified ...
Snoj, Z; Savic, N; Regvat, J. "Late complication of a renal calculus: fistulisation to the psoas muscle, skin and bronchi" (PDF ... Bleisch VR, Konikov NF (October 1952). "Malakoplakia of urinary bladder; report of four cases and discussion of etiology". AMA ... Snoj, Z; Savic, N; Regvat, J. "Late complication of a renal calculus: fistulisation to the psoas muscle, skin and bronchi" (PDF ...
"CUA Guideline: Management of ureteral calculi". Canadian Urological Association Journal. 9 (11-12): E837-E851. doi:10.5489/ ... Diseases of the urinary system (N00-N39, 580-599). Kidney disease. Glomerules. ...
Lithium has been associated with several forms of kidney injury.[42][43] It is estimated that impaired urinary concentrating ... a number of lithium preparations were still produced for the control of renal calculi and uric acid diathesis.[83] As ...
The most common use of extracorporeal shockwave therapy (ESWT) is for lithotripsy to treat kidney stones[3] (urinary calculosis ... and biliary calculi (stones in the gallbladder or in the liver) using an acoustic pulse. It is also reported to be used for ...
Kidney stone disease, also known as urolithiasis, is when a solid piece of material (kidney stone) happens in the urinary tract ... Urolithiasis, kidney stone, renal calculus, nephrolith, kidney stone disease,. A kidney stone, 8 millimeters (0.3 in) in ...
Calculi in the urinary system are called urinary calculi and include kidney stones (also called renal calculi or nephroliths) ... Calculi in the stomach are called gastric calculi (gastroliths).. *Calculi in the salivary glands are called salivary calculi ( ... Calculi in the tonsils are called tonsillar calculi (tonsilloliths).. *Calculi in the veins are called venous calculi ( ... A calculus (plural calculi), often called a stone, is a concretion of material, usually mineral salts, that forms in an organ ...
N21) Calculus of lower urinary tract. *(N22) Calculus of urinary tract in diseases classified elsewhere ... N20) Calculus of kidney and ureter *(N20.0) Calculus of kidney *Nephrolithiasis NOS ... N39) Other disorders of urinary system *(N39.0) Urinary tract infection, site not specified ... N20.2) Calculus of kidney with calculus of ureter. *(N20.9) Urinary calculus, unspecified ...
Acute obstruction of the upper urinary tract is usually treated by the insertion of a nephrostomy tube. Chronic upper urinary ... The most common cause of hydronephrosis in young adults is kidney stones, or renal calculi. In older adults, the most common ... Blocking the flow of urine will commonly be prone to urinary tract infections which can lead to further development of stones, ... A rise in pressure above 22 cm H2O suggests that the urinary collection system is obstructed. When arriving at this pressure ...
The presence of more than 20 WBC per high-power field in the urine is more suggestive of a urinary tract disorder.[40] ... Nitecki S, Karmeli R, Sarr MG (1990). "Appendiceal calculi and fecaliths as indications for appendectomy". Surgery, Gynecology ... The urinalysis is also important for ruling out a urinary tract infection as the cause of abdominal pain. ... urinary tract infection (abdominal pain in the absence of other symptoms can occur in children with UTI), new-onset Crohn's ...
Clinical Lecture on Some Urines and Urinary Calculi Br Med J 1877; 1 :671 doi:10.1136/bmj.1.857.671 ... Clinical Lecture on Some Urines and Urinary Calculi. Br Med J 1877; 1 doi: https://doi.org/10.1136/bmj.1.857.671 (Published 02 ...
Clinical Lecture on Some Urinary Calculi and Urines Br Med J 1878; 2 :347 ... Clinical Lecture on Some Urinary Calculi and Urines. Br Med J 1878; 2 doi: https://doi.org/10.1136/bmj.2.923.347 (Published 07 ...
Preferred examination The goals of imaging of urinary calculi are to determine the presence of stones within the urinary tract ... encoded search term (Urinary Calculi (Urolithiasis) Imaging) and Urinary Calculi (Urolithiasis) Imaging What to Read Next on ... The goals of imaging of urinary calculi are to determine the presence of stones witin the urinary tract, evaluate for ... Urinary Calculi (Urolithiasis) Imaging Updated: Nov 14, 2018 * Author: J Kevin Smith, MD, PhD; Chief Editor: Eugene C Lin, MD ...
Urinary Bladder - Calculus/Crystal - Gallery. A calculus (asterisk) fills the entire bladder lumen from a male F344/N rat in a ... Hyperplasia of the urothelium (arrow) due to the presence of the calculus, from a male F344/N rat in a chronic study. ... A small basophilic calculus (arrow) associated with chronic inflammation and urothelial hyperplasia, from a female Harlan ...
... for characterisation of urinary calculi. For proof of princi ple, 71 ex-vivo calculi underwent single-source 256-s ... Low-dose CT was performed in 154 patients with suspected urinary calculi. In 104 patients with urinary calculi targeted dual- ... Urinary calculi Single-source multi-detector CT Targeted dual-energy imaging Dual energy index Anatomical misregistration ... Thomas C, Heuschmid M, Schilling D, Ketelsen D, Tsiflikas I, Stenzl A, Claussen CD, Schlemmer H-P (2010) Urinary calculi ...
Treatment of upper urinary calculi with Chinese minimally invasive percutaneous nephrolithotomy: a single-center experience ...
Keywords: non-contrast computed tomography, ultrasonography, urinary tract, stone ... in measuring the urinary tract stone using non-contrast computed tomography (NCCT) as the standard reference. Patients and ... and weight affected the detection rate of the urinary tract stone using US (P,0.001, P=0.02, and P=0.01, respectively). ... US is a limited imaging modality in detecting urinary tract stone, especially when used by an inexperienced radiologist, and in ...
Fuchs A.M., Fuchs G.J., Stenzl A. (1988) Extracorporeal Shock Wave Lithotripsy of Urinary Calculi in Transplanted Kidneys. In: ... Rosenberg JC, Arnstein AR, et al: Calculi complicating a renal transplant. Am J Surg 129: 326, 1975.PubMedCrossRefGoogle ... Hulbert JC, Reddy P, et al: The percutaneous removal of calculi from transplanted kidneys. J Urol 134: 324, 1985.PubMedGoogle ... Jain AB, Angrisani L, McMaster P: Staghorn calculus in a renal allograft. Trans Proc 18: 959, 1986.Google Scholar ...
Illustrations of the Constituents of Urine, Urinary Deposits, and Calculi. Lionel Smith Beale. No preview available - 2016. ... Illustrations of the Constituents of Urine, Urinary Deposits, and Calculi. Lionel Smith Beale. No preview available - 2015. ... Illustrations of the Constituents of Urine, Urinary Deposits, and Calculi .... Lionel Smith Beale. No preview available - 2017 ... acute added addition ammonia ANATOMY animal appearance BEALE bladder bodies calculi casts Casts containing Causes cells changes ...
... method for measuring the length and width of urinary calculi and to compare the calculus oriented measurements of the length ... Size estimations of urinary calculi in CT images are still based on two-dimensional (2D) reformats. Purpose: To develop and ... Two- and three-dimensional CT measurements of urinary calculi length and width: a comparative study. Liden, Mats Linköpings ... Material and Methods: Fifty unenhanced CT examinations demonstrating urinary calculi were included. A 3D symmetric segmentation ...
Management of Upper Urinary Tract Calculi with Ureteroscopic Techniques. Urology, 53, 25-31. ... Tawfiek, E.R. and Bagley, D.H. (1999) Management of Upper Urinary Tract Calculi with Ureteroscopic Techniques. Urology, 53, 25- ... A Study on the Interrelationship between Renal Calculi, Hormonal Abnormalities and Urinary Tract Infections in Iraqi Patients ... KEYWORDS: Urolithiasis, Nephrectomy, Cystolithotomy, Calculi JOURNAL NAME: Open Journal of Urology, Vol.5 No.11, November 11, ...
This case shows that a calcified RVT might mimic a urinary calculus on conventional ultrasonography and ureteric calculus on ... This case shows that a calcified RVT might mimic a urinary calculus on conventional ultrasonography and ureteric calculus on ... Renal vein thrombosis mimicking urinary calculus: a dilemma of diagnosis BMC Urol. 2015 Jul 2;15:61. doi: 10.1186/s12894-015- ... a calcified RVT that was initially thought to be a urinary calculus. ...
Lower urinary tract calculi analysed of x-ray diffraction and chemical methods. by Hazarika Ez et al. ... Lower urinary tract calculi analysed of x-ray diffraction and chemical methods.. @article{Ez1974LowerUT, title={Lower urinary ... An Urethral Stone Mimicking Urinary Tract Infection in a Twenty-six-month-old Boy. Mehmet Giray Sönmez, Cengiz Kara ... Role of urine analysis and radiology in the diagnosis of vesical calculi among patients of Darbhanga district, India. Ramesh ...
Urinary Tamm-Horsfall Glycoprotein in Certain Kidney Diseases and its Content in Renal and Bladder Calculi Anne M. S. Grant ... 4. T-H glycoprotein content of bladder and renal calculi ranged from 0002 to 5.07 mg/g of calculus. There was no correlation ... Urinary Tamm-Horsfall Glycoprotein in Certain Kidney Diseases and its Content in Renal and Bladder Calculi. Clin Sci Mol Med 1 ... Renal Calculi and Self-Medication with Multivitamin Preparations Containing Vitamin D Clin Sci (April, 1972) ...
Urinary calculi were found in all but one of 14 calves given a ration associated with the formation of siliceous calculi. No ... Siliceous Urinary Calculi in Calves: Prevention by Addition of Sodium Chloride to the Diet ... Siliceous Urinary Calculi in Calves: Prevention by Addition of Sodium Chloride to the Diet ... Siliceous Urinary Calculi in Calves: Prevention by Addition of Sodium Chloride to the Diet ...
Personal history of urinary calculi. 2016 2017 2018 Billable/Specific Code POA Exempt *Z87.442 is a billable/specific ICD-10-CM ... Personal history of diseases of urinary system. 2016 2017 2018 Non-Billable/Non-Specific Code Type 1 Excludes*personal history ... Z87.448 Personal history of other diseases of urinary system Z87.5 Personal history of complications of pregnancy, childbirth ...
In many cases, urinary calculi remain undetected during the entire life time or are suddenly diagnosed for the first time in ... Urinary calculi are formed by urine that is supersaturated with salts. In this context salts are precipitated, forming crystals ... The therapy of symptomatic urinary calculi is manifold.. Therefore careful diagnosis is necessary in order to define the right ... The preferred treatment of urinary calculi today is the fragmentation of the stones by the means of Extracorporeal Shock Wave ...
395 of the children were diagnosed by ultrasonography as having urinary calculus, and 231 cases had lump-like calculi and 164 ... none of the lump-like calculi were expelled. CONCLUSIONS The ultrasonographic findings of urinary calculi in children caused by ... Ultrasonography is an accurate and reliable method of diagnosis of urinary calculus caused by melamine intake in children and ... The whole profile of the calculi could be seen in most of the cases, because the echogenicity of the calculi with no sharp or ...
Major patients with urinary stones who have received minimally invasive urological treatment: extracorporeal lithotripsy (ECL ...
Twelve-year-old boy presenting with recurrent abdominal pain and 25 urinary calculi ... Twelve-year-old boy presenting with recurrent abdominal pain and 25 urinary calculi ...
Urinary calculi answers are found in the Evidence-Based Medicine Guidelines powered by Unbound Medicine. Available for iPhone, ... Urinary calculi is a topic covered in the Evidence-Based Medicine Guidelines. To view the entire topic, please sign in or ... "Urinary Calculi." Evidence-Based Medicine Guidelines, Duodecim Medical Publications Limited, 2019. Evidence Central, evidence. ... unboundmedicine.com/evidence/view/EBMG/451655/all/Urinary_calculi. Urinary calculi. Evidence-Based Medicine Guidelines. ...
The gel together with the urinary calculi and/or fragments thereof, more particularly kidney stones and/or fragments thereof, ... that contains urinary calculi and/or fragments thereof, more particularly kidney stones and/or fragments thereof, a crosslinked ... gel is formed that partly or fully surrounds the urinary calculi and/or fragments thereof, more particularly kidney stones and/ ... On contact between compositions (A) and (B) in a region of the urinary tract, more particularly the kidney, ...
Bladder stones are a common form of urolithiasis of the lower urinary tract with formation of calculi in the bladder..., from ... Urinary diversion and urinary stones:. The risk of urinary stone formation (4-48%) depends on the type of urinary diversion. ... Urinary stones occur three times more common in continent than in incontinent urinary diversion. Risk factors are urinary ... Urinary bladder stones in developed countries develop usually secondary due to urinary stasis, recurrent urinary tract ...
We work hard to bring the best Goat discussion! Unlock additional features, and fewer ads while browsing. Consider upgrading your membership.. Become a Supporter Now! ...
You are here: Home / Guinea Pigs / Urinary Calculi. Urinary Calculi. Etiology: Females greater than 3 years of age may develop ... Pathology: Urinary bladder mucosal hemorrhage or congestion and calculi which adhere to the urinary bladder wall may be ... 2. Hawkins, M.G., et al., Composition and characteristics of urinary calculi from guinea pigs. J Am Vet Med Assoc, 2009. 234(2 ... cystitis (several different bacteria have been implicated) and form cystic calculi [2]. Urinary calculi can also occur in aged ...
"Urinary Calculi" by people in this website by year, and whether "Urinary Calculi" was a major or minor topic of these ... "Urinary Calculi" is a descriptor in the National Library of Medicines controlled vocabulary thesaurus, MeSH (Medical Subject ... Below are the most recent publications written about "Urinary Calculi" by people in Profiles. ... Below are MeSH descriptors whose meaning is more general than "Urinary Calculi". ...
Vesical calculus definition at Dictionary.com, a free online dictionary with pronunciation, synonyms and translation. Look it ... urinary calculus. Content related to vesical calculus. Words To Know For High SchoolWhether you are an incoming freshman, a ... vesical calculus. vesica, vesica piscis, vesica prostatica, vesical, vesical artery, vesical calculus, vesical diverticulum, ...
What are Urinary Calculi?. Urinary Calculi is the formation of crystals or stones in the urinary tract which block the ... Treatment of Urinary Calculi:. As with most other goat issues, prevention is a whole lot easier than trying to cure the problem ... Prevention of Urinary Calculi:. A large part of this problem is the early castration of bucks/wethers. When bucks are wethered ... Urinary Calculi in goats. Anyone raising goats should be aware of those two little words that cause such a horrible problem. ...
Urinary calculi is a painful and potentially fatal disorder, predominantly seen in male and wether goats. FInd out how best to ... Urinary Calculi. Urinary calculi is characterized by a blockage of the urethra resulting in difficulty or total inability to ... Causes: Stones (calculi) pass from the kidneys into the bladder then into the urethra and block the passage of urine at some ... Because growth to the urethra is arrested at the time of the castration, the goat grows but the urinary tract cant handle the ...
Distinct morphological and inner-structure differences in calculi were noticed, suggesting clinical heterozygosity of PH1 to a ... Analysis of urinary calculi. We observed and studied apparence and section structure of stones available from patient IIa, and ... recurrent ureteral calculus and upper urinary tract infection followed. At the age of 39, he was hospitalized in our blood ... In the next more than ten years, he discharged renal calculi for eight times, and accepted ESWL for six times. The first time ...
  • Bladder stones causes by urinary stasis consist of uric acid, calcium oxalate and magnesium ammonium phosphate (infection stone). (urology-textbook.com)
  • Usually, urinary stones in urinary diversion are magnesium ammonium phosphate stones (infection stones). (urology-textbook.com)
  • The only way to prevent struvite stones is to eradicate all the microorganisms responsible for urinary infection and prevent urinary infection recurrence. (steadyhealth.com)
  • Urinary tract infection is a major reason to form bladder stones. (greencrossvets.com.au)
  • Contrary to the cat, the appearance of urinary calculi is frequently related to a urinary infection. (petngarden.com)
  • When the infection is confirmed, it is very likely that the urolithiasis is due to struvite calculi: because infection makes the urinary pH rise, and struvite crytals precipitate only in alcaline urine. (petngarden.com)
  • In case of struvite urolithiasis, the treatment of the infection makes the urinary pH drop, and this is usually enough to stop the crystals precipitation. (petngarden.com)
  • Cystitis and urethritis are lower urinary tract infections, often hard to differentiate from renal infection. (med-life.net)
  • In the early stages of ADPKD, most of the patients show a stable period of mild to moderate renal failure, which later on hastened by urinary infection and nephrolithiasis [ 2 ]. (hindawi.com)
  • Recently a large study of all types of calcium phosphate calculi, including those associated with urinary tract infection that also contain struvite, showed that hypercalciuria was present in 87% of patients with brushite-containing calculi and in 60% of those with hydroxyapatite stones, whereas renal tubular acidosis was associated with hydroxyapatite stones showing a peculiar morphology [9]. (scirp.org)
  • Other factors that may potentially enhance ammonium acid urate stone formation include morbid obesity, recurrent uric acid calculi and recurrent urinary tract infection. (biomedsearch.com)
  • The comparisons were about the outcomes and complications of extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy in the management of upper urinary stones with or without Double-J stenting before extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy, including stone-free rate, Steinstrasse, lower urinary tract symptoms, hematuria, fever, urinary tract infection, pain and analgesia, auxiliary treatment, and nausea and vomiting. (storzmedical.com)
  • Significant differences could not be found in hematuria, fever, urinary tract infection, pain and analgesia, auxiliary treatment, or nausea and vomiting between the groups. (storzmedical.com)
  • She received antibiotics for culture-proven E. coli urinary tract infection preoperatively. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Our committee has developed ten PowerPoint seminars covering 10 core aspects of urology including Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia, Prostate Cancer, Urinary Tract Infection, Hematuria, Incontinence, Pediatric Urology, Uro-trauma, Stone Disease, Erectile Dysfunction and Scrotal Conditions. (cua.org)
  • A urine test also looks for a urinary tract infection, which can cause or be the result of bladder stones. (mayoclinic.org)
  • Patients with urinary calculi may report pain, infection, or hematuria. (medscape.com)
  • Such calculi usually manifest as infection and hematuria rather than as acute pain. (medscape.com)
  • Although many staghorn calculi are struvite (related to infection with urease-splitting bacteria), the density of this stone suggests that it may be metabolic in origin and is likely composed of calcium oxalate. (medscape.com)
  • The most common causes of microscopic hematuria are urinary tract infection, benign prostatic hyperplasia, and urinary calculi. (aafp.org)
  • Computed tomography (CT) of the soft tissue in the penis revealed multiple calculi in the region of the distal penile area (Fig. 2 a) and the suppurative infection of the fascia space in the perineal region (Fig. 2 b) accompanied with a thickened urinary bladder (Fig. 2 c). (biomedcentral.com)
  • 1. Tamm-Horsfall (T-H) glycoprotein has been measured by a specific radioimmunoassay method in the urine of patients with chronic renal failure, cadmium nephropathy and Lignac-Fanconi syndrome, and in renal and bladder calculi. (portlandpress.com)
  • Urinary calculi are formed by urine that is supersaturated with salts. (sah-eschweiler.de)
  • Postvoid residual urine (urinary stasis) is the most common cause for bladder stones (75%) and mainly affects men over 50 years old. (urology-textbook.com)
  • Foreign bodies with contact to urine cause urinary stones. (urology-textbook.com)
  • Urinary Calculi is the formation of crystals or stones in the urinary tract which block the elimination of urine from the body. (hoeggerfarmyard.com)
  • Urinary calculi is characterized by a blockage of the urethra resulting in difficulty or total inability to pass urine. (hoeggerfarmyard.com)
  • Causes: Stones (calculi) pass from the kidneys into the bladder then into the urethra and block the passage of urine at some point along the way. (hoeggerfarmyard.com)
  • The condition where solid particles of calcium oxalate are found in the urinary system causing extreme pain and blood in the urine is called bilateral urinary calculi. (mfine.co)
  • Bilateral Urinary Calculi is caused mainly when there is decreased urine emission, excessive acidity or a high concentration of calcium and other stone inducing elements. (mfine.co)
  • The use of ammonium chloride at a level of 0.5 percent of the total diet will help acidify the urine and prevent urinary calculi. (wejameson.co.uk)
  • Conclusion: In patients with low phosphaturia, the non-infectious phosphate renal calculi are formed in urine near pH 7 and contain only poorly crystalline carbonate hydroxyapatite. (scirp.org)
  • In patients with high urinary phosphate concentrations and hypercalciuria, the calculi are formed in urine near pH 6 and consist of both poorly crystalline hydroxyapatite and some amount of calcium oxalate crystals. (scirp.org)
  • All of these conditions can be affected by urinary tract infections, diet, digestion, the amount of urine that a cat produces, how frequently a cat urinates, medications, and genetics. (msdvetmanual.com)
  • Cats have highly concentrated, acidic urine that predisposes them to form stones of the urinary tract, especially when certain minerals or other substances are abundant or deficient. (msdvetmanual.com)
  • Small stones, crystals, and other components of urine can create 'plugs' that can block the urinary tract, especially the urethra. (msdvetmanual.com)
  • The role of stem cells in the treatment of urinary incontinence Percutaneous nephrolithotripsy in infected urine Testicular Prosthesis in Children and Adolescents: Results from a Multicenter Study Premature ejaculation is the current state of the problem. (ecuro.ru)
  • A kidney stone analysis is performed to determine the chemical composition of a stone when it is filtered out of the urine or removed from the urinary tract. (labcorp.com)
  • Kidney stone analysis is ordered when a person has passed a kidney stone and it has been filtered out of the urine or when a stone has been removed from some part of the urinary tract. (labcorp.com)
  • Some of the common conditions a urologist treats are incontinence (leaking of urine), the inability to urinate, urinary urgency (a sudden, compelling urge to urinate), and urinary tract infections . (lifescript.com)
  • Urolithiasis is defined as the presence of one or more stony concretions located at any level of a segment of the urinary tract: calyx, renal pelvis, ureters, bladder and urethra. (scirp.org)
  • Bladder stones are a common form of urolithiasis of the lower urinary tract with formation of calculi in the bladder. (urology-textbook.com)
  • It is less common to observe urinary calculi (or urolithiasis) in dogs than in cats. (petngarden.com)
  • less than 10 % of urolithiasis are due to urate calculi. (petngarden.com)
  • When faced to a case of canine urolithiasis, the veterinarian has to identify which one it is, because the treatment and the dietary advice vary according the type of calculi involved. (petngarden.com)
  • Kidney stone disease , also known as urolithiasis , is when a solid piece of material (kidney stone) occurs in the urinary tract . (wikipedia.org)
  • The embryological link between the urinary tract, the genital system , and the gastrointestinal tract is the basis of the radiation of pain to the gonads , as well as the nausea and vomiting that are also common in urolithiasis . (wikipedia.org)
  • However, our knowl- edge of urolithiasis has been increased so enormously - by worldwide interdisciplinary research into the genesis of urinary calculi, by the new treatment possibilities opened up principally by advances in tech- nology, and by the success achieved in prevention of recurrence - that it is almost impossible to take in all the relevant journal articles, books chapters, monographs, and proceedings. (indigo.ca)
  • Avicenna's Canon of Medicine and modern urology: part II: bladder calculi. (semanticscholar.org)
  • The prevalence of symptoms of impairment of the function of the lower urinary tract in men according to the results of a population study Patient-centered system of organization of medical care in urology using. (ecuro.ru)
  • Urology is a surgical specialty that deals with conditions and diseases of the genitourinary system - specifically the male and female urinary tract -- as well as the male reproductive organs. (lifescript.com)
  • Renal vein thrombosis (RVT) with flank pain, and hematuria, is often mistaken with renal colic originating from ureteric or renal calculus. (nih.gov)
  • A 38-year-old woman presented with flank pain and hematuria suggestive of renal calculus on ultrasound. (nih.gov)
  • Investigation of acute flank pain associated with hematuria has traditionally included an excretory urogram to exclude or detect calculi. (the-medical-dictionary.com)
  • [12] Renal colic caused by kidney stones is commonly accompanied by urinary urgency , restlessness, hematuria , sweating, nausea, and vomiting. (wikipedia.org)
  • Acute onset of severe flank pain radiating to the groin, gross or microscopic hematuria, nausea, and vomiting not associated with an acute abdomen are symptoms that most likely indicate renal colic caused by an acute ureteral or renal pelvic obstruction from a calculus. (medscape.com)
  • A handout on microscopic hematuria is available at https://familydoctor.org/familydoctor/en/diseases-conditions/microscopic-hematuria.html . (aafp.org)
  • However, up to 5% of patients with asymptomatic microscopic hematuria are found to have a urinary tract malignancy. (aafp.org)
  • Contrast-enhanced CT scan demonstrates an opaque staghorn calculus filling the left renal collecting system. (medscape.com)
  • From March 1985 to August 1987, fourpatients with opaque renal calculi measuring greater than 1 cm, including a staghorn calculus, were treated at the UCLA Stone Center. (springer.com)
  • One patient with a staghorn calculus underwent several sessions of treatment, including percutaneous nephrostomy tube placement and was stone free six weeks after the last treatment. (springer.com)
  • Jain AB, Angrisani L, McMaster P: Staghorn calculus in a renal allograft. (springer.com)
  • Complete staghorn calculus that fills the collecting system of the kidney (no intravenous contrast material in this patient). (medscape.com)
  • Urinary bladder stones in developed countries develop usually secondary due to urinary stasis, recurrent urinary tract infections , foreign bodies or intestinal mucosa in the urinary tract (urinary diversion or augmentation). (urology-textbook.com)
  • Recurrent or chronic urinary tract infections with urease-producing bacteria lead to magnesium ammonium phosphate stones. (urology-textbook.com)
  • Struvite is a kidney stone that develops during some infections in the urinary tract. (steadyhealth.com)
  • This can be connected with the fact that there are more urinary infections in females. (petngarden.com)
  • Of the patients 11 (25%) had a history of inflammatory bowel disease with 10 (22.7%) having undergone ileostomy diversion, 6 (13.6%) admitted to a history of significant laxative use or abuse, 18 (40.9%) were morbidly obese, 16 (36.4%) had a history of recurrent urinary tract infections and 9 (20.5%) had a history of recurrent uric acid stones. (biomedsearch.com)
  • Some elements, such as trauma, recurrent urinary tract infections, abscess formation induced by long-term catheterization, and urethral calculus, may be the risk factors for a urethral fistula. (biomedcentral.com)
  • The patient's condition was followed for 6 months, during which time the SPC blockage, severe urinary tract infections (UTIs), urinary calculi, and renal damage did not recur. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Lower urinary tract calculi analysed of x-ray diffraction and chemical methods. (semanticscholar.org)
  • However, larger stones in the lower urinary tract may interfere with urination or irritate the lining of the urethra. (msdvetmanual.com)
  • However, stenting did not benefit stone-free rate and auxiliary treatment after extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy, and it induced more lower urinary tract symptoms. (storzmedical.com)
  • A 34-year-old woman presented with a 9-year history of irritative lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) characterized by frequency, nocturia, urgency, and urge incontinence. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Ganpule AP, Desai MR. Lower urinary tract calculi. (medlineplus.gov)
  • The lower urinary tract is best evaluated with cystoscopy for urethral stricture disease, benign prostatic hyperplasia, and bladder masses. (aafp.org)
  • Deveci S, Coşkun M, Tekin MI, Peşkircioglu L, Tarhan NC, Ozkardeş H (2004) Spiral computed tomography: role in determination of chemical compositions of pure and mixed urinary stones-an in vitro study. (springer.com)
  • To evaluate the accuracy of ultrasonography (US) in measuring the urinary tract stone using non-contrast computed tomography (NCCT) as the standard reference. (dovepress.com)
  • In preoperative view of the unusual shape of the calculus without hydronephrosis, noncontrast computed tomography was taken and demonstrated left ureteric calculus. (nih.gov)
  • However computed tomography angiography revealed, to our surprise, a calcified RVT that was initially thought to be a urinary calculus. (nih.gov)
  • This case shows that a calcified RVT might mimic a urinary calculus on conventional ultrasonography and ureteric calculus on noncontrast computed tomography. (nih.gov)
  • Background: Micro computed tomography (micro CT) has been shown to provide exceptionally high quality imaging of the fine structural detail within urinary calculi. (elsevier.com)
  • The upper urinary tract is best evaluated with multiphasic computed tomography urography, which identifies hydronephrosis, urinary calculi, and renal and ureteral lesions. (aafp.org)
  • a Computed tomography scan of the soft tissue in the penis showing multiple calculi in the distal urethra. (biomedcentral.com)
  • b Computed tomography scan of the pelvis showing a thickened urinary bladder and Foley' s catheter through the abdominal wall. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Ultrasonography (US) use for initial evaluation of suspected urinary calculi is common outside the United States. (medscape.com)
  • The present study aimed to understand the value of ultrasonography in the diagnosis of renal and ureteral lithiasis in infants and young children caused by melamine, and the characteristics of ultrasonograms of melamine-associated calculi. (semanticscholar.org)
  • Bladder stones imaging with ultrasonography shows an echogenic mass in the urinary bladder with posterior acoustic shadow. (urology-textbook.com)
  • All patients were evaluated with X-ray KUB (kidney, ureter, and bladder) and urinary ultrasonography. (hindawi.com)
  • The presence of a urinary jet detected by Doppler ultrasonography further indicates the severity of obstruction and the recovery prognosis. (unifesp.br)
  • To find a safe, noninvasive alternative to excretory urography, Sinclair and colleagues studied the accuracy of ultrasonography in the diagnosis of ureteral obstruction by calculi. (the-medical-dictionary.com)
  • Excretory urography demonstrated calculi in 44 patients (sensitivity and specificity identical to ultrasonography). (the-medical-dictionary.com)
  • The data suggest that excretory urography and ultrasonography are equally reliable in the detection of renal calculi. (the-medical-dictionary.com)
  • A person can get bilateral urinary calculi anywhere in the urinary system including kidneys, urethra, ureter and urinary bladder. (mfine.co)
  • CONCLUSION: There was no statistically significant correlation between the number of treatments and localization of stones in the ureter, as well as a statistically significant correlation between the size of the stone and the localization of calculus in the ureter. (storzmedical.com)
  • The development of ureteral calculi after Yang-Monti ileal ureter reconstruction has not been reported. (biomedcentral.com)
  • This study was performed to explore the safety and effectiveness of ureteroscopy combined with laser lithotripsy in the treatment of ipsilateral lower ureteral calculi and lower calyceal calculi after Yang-Monti ileal ureter reconstruction. (biomedcentral.com)
  • The successful outcome of the present case suggests that ureteroscopy combined with laser lithotripsy is a valuable option for the management of urinary calculi following Yang-Monti ileal ureter reconstruction. (biomedcentral.com)
  • We used ureteroscopy combined with laser lithotripsy to successfully treat a patient with ipsilateral distal ureteral calculi and ipsilateral lower calyceal calculi after Yang-Monti ileal ureter reconstruction due to long-segment ureteral stenosis. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Ureteroscopic examination revealed that the calculi were attached to surgical sutures located from 1 cm from the inner end of the ileal ureter to the ureteral opening, and that the sutures were embedded under the ileal ureteral mucosa in a ring shape (Fig. 5 ). (biomedcentral.com)
  • The passage of stones into the ureter with subsequent acute obstruction, proximal urinary tract dilation, and spasm is associated with classic renal colic. (medscape.com)
  • [ 2 ] Passage of a urinary stone is the single most common cause of acute ureteral obstruction and affects as many as 12% of the population. (medscape.com)
  • Boyce NW, Holdworth SR, et al: Acute renal transplant failure resulting from obstruction with a calculus. (springer.com)
  • Still, the major problem in almost all cases of kidney stones is their movement from the kidney and potential obstruction of lower portions of the urinary tract. (steadyhealth.com)
  • A calculus size of 1.1 to 2.0 cm was significantly associated with deficit detected by DTPA, but duration of obstruction and calculus localization were not. (unifesp.br)
  • In the remaining patients with a normal resistive index, ureteral urinary jet was observed, indicating partial obstruction. (unifesp.br)
  • Most calculi originate within the kidney and proceed distally, creating various degrees of urinary obstruction as they become lodged in narrow areas, including the ureteropelvic junction, pelvic brim, and ureterovesical junction. (medscape.com)
  • Rarely, a patient reports positional urinary retention (obstruction precipitated by standing, relieved by recumbency), which is due to the ball-valve effect of a large stone located at the bladder outlet. (medscape.com)
  • In a retrospective study analyzed the results of treatment of 45 patients with upper urinary tract calculi obstruction. (ecuro.ru)
  • It is painful but not too serious in a female, because they can pass calculi easily through their shorter, wider urethra. (hoeggerfarmyard.com)
  • Because growth to the urethra is arrested at the time of the castration, the goat grows but the urinary tract can't handle the job. (hoeggerfarmyard.com)
  • Urethral calculi can be formed in various locations of the urethra, and the size of the calculus ranged from small (multiple) calculi to giant stones. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Calculi in the urethra are uncommon, representing only 1-2% of all calculi in the genito-urinary tract [ 1 ], and urethral calculi causing urethrocutaneous fistula are extremely rare. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Although percutaneous nephrolithotomy is considered as the most effective treatment for the patients with larger upper urinary calculi in these days, there are still many people doubts about the safety and efficacy for this technique in the patients with ADPKD and nephrolithiasis. (hindawi.com)
  • Ultrasonographic diagnosis of urinary calculus caused by melamine in children. (semanticscholar.org)
  • The diagnosis of urinary calculus was made only by identification of calculi at surgery or by reported passage of a stone by the patient. (the-medical-dictionary.com)
  • Hulbert JC, Reddy P, et al: The percutaneous removal of calculi from transplanted kidneys. (springer.com)
  • She underwent extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy that failed, leading to the recommendation that percutaneous lithotomy was necessary to remove the renal calculus. (nih.gov)
  • The preferred treatment of urinary calculi today is the fragmentation of the stones by the means of Extracorporeal Shock Wave Lithotripsy (ESWL), endoscopic procedures for direct removal of the stone (utererorenoscopy, URS), (percutaneous nephrolitholapaxy, PCNL) as well as open removal of stones by opening the urinary tract via an incision. (sah-eschweiler.de)
  • Major patients with urinary stones who have received minimally invasive urological treatment: extracorporeal lithotripsy (ECL), flexible uretero-renoscopy (URSsple) and percutaneous nephrolithotomy (NLPC). (ichgcp.net)
  • In order to evaluate the role of percutaneous nephrolithotomy in management of calculus in these patients, 11 patients with autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease and renal stones were included in the study. (hindawi.com)
  • Although there are several options for management of renal stones (observation, percutaneous nephrolithotomy, shock-wave lithotripsy, and ureteroscopy), observation or watchful waiting has been recommended for asymptomatic renal calculi ( 7 , 8 ). (frontiersin.org)
  • It discusses what urinary calculi is, possible symptoms, ways to prevent it and treatment options. (purdue.edu)
  • Patients treated with ureteroscopy (URS) for ureteral or renal calculi requiring a ureteral stent at time of URS will be randomized to receive intraureteral instillation of alkalinized lidocaine hydrochloride (study group) or normal saline (control group) immediately following the procedure to assess safety and effectiveness in alleviating pain and stent symptoms. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • VAS pain, urinary frequency, pain mediation diary and ureteral stent symptoms assessed at different time points during the study. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • You'll also discuss any urinary signs or symptoms that you're having. (mayoclinic.org)
  • Stones lodged at the ureterovesical junction also may cause irritative voiding symptoms, such as urinary frequency and dysuria. (medscape.com)
  • Dr. Matlaga's research aims to better understand the pathophysiology and epidemiology of urinary stones and to advance the use of minimally invasive surgical techniques in treating them. (hopkinsmedicine.org)
  • It was therefore our aim in this, the first of two independent vol- umes, to provide a concise but comprehensive summary of current knowledge concerning the morphology and composition of calculi, epidemiology, pathogenesis, and diagnostic techniques. (indigo.ca)
  • External Appearance of Urinary Calculi in Relation to Site of Recurrence and Type of Stone. (indigo.ca)
  • The study included 404 patients with urinary tract lithiasis treated by ESWL. (storzmedical.com)
  • Even though some individuals are simply predisposed to renal calculi, there are certain ways which can prevent, or at least postpone kidney stone formation. (steadyhealth.com)
  • Chaussy C and Fuchs G: World experience with extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy for the treatment of urinary stones: assessment of its role after five year's clinical use. (springer.com)
  • Nephrolithiasis is a condition characterized by the formation of calculi in the urinary tract. (steadyhealth.com)
  • Renal sonogram demonstrates an echogenic shadowing calculus in the renal collecting system with hydronephrosis. (medscape.com)
  • however, US is a limited imaging modality in detecting urinary tract stone, especially when used by an inexperienced radiologist, and in the case of smaller stone size, increased weight, and low grade of hydronephrosis. (dovepress.com)
  • This crystal is the most common phosphate crystal found in urinary calculi. (bu.edu)
  • Conclusions: Micro CT gives excellent structural detail of urinary stones, and these results demonstrate the feasibility of identifying and localizing most of the common mineral types found in urinary calculi using laboratory CT. (elsevier.com)
  • Females greater than 3 years of age may develop cystitis (several different bacteria have been implicated) and form cystic calculi [2]. (missouri.edu)
  • At urethrocystoscopy, a single bladder calculus adherent to the midline of the anterior wall/dome of the bladder was found, with evidence of surrounding cystitis. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Calculi 3, 4 and 5 were obtained at different times from the same patient, who had been diagnosed with recurrent lithiasis. (scirp.org)
  • PATIENTS AND METHODS: All patients with a primary or secondary diagnosis of kidney or ureteric calculus between 1999 and 2009 in the US Nationwide Inpatient Sample were extracted and weighted. (storzmedical.es)
  • Admissions for renal calculus increased by 12.1% during the study period (EAPC + 0.92%, P = 0.039, 95% CI: 0.17-1.66), whilst discharges for ureteric calculus remained stable. (storzmedical.es)
  • If intermittent self-catheterization or urinary condom are necessary, the risk of bladder stones is increased 4-fold. (urology-textbook.com)
  • This report outlines the treatments for and the problems and success rates of calculi in transplanted kidneys. (springer.com)
  • Fuchs A.M., Fuchs G.J., Stenzl A. (1988) Extracorporeal Shock Wave Lithotripsy of Urinary Calculi in Transplanted Kidneys. (springer.com)
  • Urinary sediment forms initially in the kidneys. (wejameson.co.uk)
  • Inflammation of the kidneys, renal calculi, sharp stinging pains in the kidneys, pains in the sacral region. (medicalhouse.in)
  • Bladder stones (urinary calculi) are rock-like collections of minerals that form in the urinary bladder. (greencrossvets.com.au)
  • These form in the urinary bladder. (medlineplus.gov)
  • PURPOSE: This systematic review was performed to assess the necessity and complications of stenting before extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy in the management of upper urinary stones. (storzmedical.com)
  • Ureteral calculi recurred many times, resulting in repeated ureteral stricture that was treated three times by ureteroscopic holmium laser lithotripsy, and twice by ureteroscopic balloon dilation. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Elevated urinary pH may be associated in some patients with renal tubular acidosis [8], but usually occurs in women without any clinical alterations [7]. (scirp.org)
  • Urinary tract calculi have been shown by Prien^37 to contain calcium in 90 per cent of 1000 calculi studied. (bu.edu)
  • A complete ready-for-use reagent kit for semi-quantitative determination of the most important components of urinary calculi, i.e. uric acid, cystine, phosphate, magnesium, ammonium, calcium and oxalate. (darmanfarazkave.com)
  • Calcium oxalate or calcium phosphate kidney stones are two most common types of renal calculi. (steadyhealth.com)
  • Results: Non-infectious phosphate renal calculi of patients with low phosphaturia consist of poorly crystalline carbonate hydroxyapatite, whereas those of patients with high urinary phosphate concentrations consist of poorly crystalline hydroxyapatite with some amount of calcium oxalate crystals. (scirp.org)
  • Calculi of patients with high urinary phosphate concentrations are formed at urinary supersaturation with respect to hydroxyapatite and calcium oxalate about 4 times higher than in patients with low phosphaturia. (scirp.org)
  • Non-infectious calcium phosphate renal calculi, representing around 10% of all renal stones [1], are composed of either biological hydroxyapatite (BHAP) alone (i.e., poorly crystalline calcium-deficient hydroxylapatite containing magnesium as a minor element), or also contain calcium oxalate monohydrate and/or dihydrate as a second minor constituent [2]. (scirp.org)
  • Calcium oxalate stones are now the most common stone found in the urinary tract and kidney, although their cause is unknown. (msdvetmanual.com)
  • calcium oxalate calculus oxalate calculus . (thefreedictionary.com)
  • prostatic calculus a concretion formed in the prostate , chiefly of calcium carbonate and phosphate. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • In addition to these, however, there are also other factors such as anatomic anomalies, metabolic disorders and genetic factors which can promote the development of urinary calculi. (sah-eschweiler.de)
  • Low-dose CT was performed in 154 patients with suspected urinary calculi. (springer.com)
  • In 104 patients with urinary calculi targeted dual-energy imaging within one breath-hold was added. (springer.com)
  • Boulay I, Holtz P, Foley WD, White B, Begun FP (1999) Ureteral calculi: diagnostic efficacy of helical CT and implications for treatment of patients. (springer.com)
  • 5 patients received flexible nephroscopy to take out the residual calculi. (hindawi.com)
  • The patients with positive urinary culture received oral antibiotics therapy under sensitivity indication until urinary culture became sterile. (hindawi.com)
  • Objective: The aim of this paper was to assess the relationships among chemical, phase and structural composition and etiopathogenic factors of non-infectious phosphate calculi formed in patients with low and high urinary phosphate concentrations, and to characterize the mechanism of their formation related on biochemical results. (scirp.org)
  • Material and Methods: Twelve samples of phosphate renal calculi were obtained, 4 from patients with low phosphaturia and 6 from patients with high urinary phosphate concentrations. (scirp.org)
  • That study, however, did not fully assess the characteristics of stones in patients with high urinary phosphate concentrations. (scirp.org)
  • Forty-seven patients with unilateral obstructive calculi (12 males and 35 females) were submitted to 99mTc-diethylene triamine pentaacetic acid (DTPA) or 99mTc-dimercaptosuccinic acid (DMSA) scans for assessment of renal function. (unifesp.br)
  • Calculi were identified in 69 patients (81 percent). (the-medical-dictionary.com)
  • Cases consisted of 53,965 urinary calculi patients newly diagnosed between 2002 and 2008. (elsevier.com)
  • This included 0.7% of the patients with urinary calculi, and 1.0% of the controls. (elsevier.com)
  • The underlying pathophysiology of stone formation in obese patients is thought to be related to insulin resistance, dietary factors, and a lithogenic urinary profile. (tripdatabase.com)
  • Dr. Matlaga is an internationally recognized expert in the medical and surgical management of patients with urinary stone disease. (hopkinsmedicine.org)
  • Patients with large renal stones known as staghorn calculi (see the image below) are often relatively asymptomatic. (medscape.com)
  • RESULTS: Overall, 2 109 455 patients were hospitalized with upper urinary tract calculi over the 11-year period. (storzmedical.es)
  • CONCLUSIONS: In this nationally representative sample of inpatient discharges, significant increases were found in admissions for renal compared with ureteric calculi, and for black, Hispanic and older patients. (storzmedical.es)
  • Second, the NIS is a snapshot of a patient's admission and the study does not distinguish patients who may have had multiple admissions for the same calculus episode or intervention. (storzmedical.es)
  • Although ICD-9 coding for identifying patients with upper urinary tract calculi has been shown to have good validity, it may not be a reliable way of differentiating between patients with ureteric and renal calculi. (storzmedical.es)
  • The patients (including those reported in the literature) were characterized by age, origin, location of calculus, size of calculus, fistulous track, and etiological factors. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Through this work, we hope to gain clinicians' and patients' attention concerning urethral calculi with a urethral fistula, a problem which has, so far, been under-reported. (biomedcentral.com)
  • In the Dalmatian, a genetic defect is sometimes responsible for the lack of uric acid transformation into urea, leading to the appearance of urate calculi. (petngarden.com)
  • This is even more obvious for urate calculi in Basset Hound, English Bulldog and moreover Dalmatian, as 92 % of affected animals are males. (petngarden.com)
  • Urate calculi formation is favorized by a urinary pH inferior to 6. (petngarden.com)
  • Ammonium acid urate calculi: a reevaluation of risk factors. (biomedsearch.com)
  • cystine and oxalate calculi represented each about 15 % of cases. (petngarden.com)
  • Tawfiek, E.R. and Bagley, D.H. (1999) Management of Upper Urinary Tract Calculi with Ureteroscopic Techniques. (scirp.org)
  • Ammonium Chloride is a common ingredient in meat goat feeds because of the high incidence of Urinary Calculi seen in market animals. (hoeggerfarmyard.com)
  • When CT is available, it is now considered the examination of choice for the detection and localization of urinary stones. (medscape.com)
  • Cats with very tiny stones in the urinary system do not usually have any signs. (msdvetmanual.com)
  • To explore and summarize the reasons why urethral calculi cause a urethral fistula. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Most of urethral calculi associated with a urethral fistula were native generated. (biomedcentral.com)