Continental Population Groups: Groups of individuals whose putative ancestry is from native continental populations based on similarities in physical appearance.Genetics, Population: The discipline studying genetic composition of populations and effects of factors such as GENETIC SELECTION, population size, MUTATION, migration, and GENETIC DRIFT on the frequencies of various GENOTYPES and PHENOTYPES using a variety of GENETIC TECHNIQUES.Genetic Variation: Genotypic differences observed among individuals in a population.Population Groups: Individuals classified according to their sex, racial origin, religion, common place of living, financial or social status, or some other cultural or behavioral attribute. (UMLS, 2003)Urobilinogen: A colorless compound formed in the intestines by the reduction of bilirubin. Some is excreted in the feces where it is oxidized to urobilin. Some is reabsorbed and re-excreted in the bile as bilirubin. At times, it is re-excreted in the urine, where it may be later oxidized to urobilin.Ethnic Groups: A group of people with a common cultural heritage that sets them apart from others in a variety of social relationships.South Africa: A republic in southern Africa, the southernmost part of Africa. It has three capitals: Pretoria (administrative), Cape Town (legislative), and Bloemfontein (judicial). Officially the Republic of South Africa since 1960, it was called the Union of South Africa 1910-1960.Arabs: Members of a Semitic people inhabiting the Arabian peninsula or other countries of the Middle East and North Africa. The term may be used with reference to ancient, medieval, or modern ethnic or cultural groups. (From Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)Jews: An ethnic group with historical ties to the land of ISRAEL and the religion of JUDAISM.IsraelPrevalence: The total number of cases of a given disease in a specified population at a designated time. It is differentiated from INCIDENCE, which refers to the number of new cases in the population at a given time.IndiaAfrican Continental Ancestry Group: Individuals whose ancestral origins are in the continent of Africa.United StatesSocioeconomic Factors: Social and economic factors that characterize the individual or group within the social structure.Vulnerable Populations: Groups of persons whose range of options is severely limited, who are frequently subjected to COERCION in their DECISION MAKING, or who may be compromised in their ability to give INFORMED CONSENT.Sex Distribution: The number of males and females in a given population. The distribution may refer to how many men or women or what proportion of either in the group. The population is usually patients with a specific disease but the concept is not restricted to humans and is not restricted to medicine.Rural Population: The inhabitants of rural areas or of small towns classified as rural.Sex Factors: Maleness or femaleness as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from SEX CHARACTERISTICS, anatomical or physiological manifestations of sex, and from SEX DISTRIBUTION, the number of males and females in given circumstances.Animal Population Groups: Animals grouped according to ecological, morphological or genetic populations.European Continental Ancestry Group: Individuals whose ancestral origins are in the continent of Europe.Transients and Migrants: People who frequently change their place of residence.Age Distribution: The frequency of different ages or age groups in a given population. The distribution may refer to either how many or what proportion of the group. The population is usually patients with a specific disease but the concept is not restricted to humans and is not restricted to medicine.Cross-Sectional Studies: Studies in which the presence or absence of disease or other health-related variables are determined in each member of the study population or in a representative sample at one particular time. This contrasts with LONGITUDINAL STUDIES which are followed over a period of time.Healthcare Disparities: Differences in access to or availability of medical facilities and services.Gene Frequency: The proportion of one particular in the total of all ALLELES for one genetic locus in a breeding POPULATION.Age Factors: Age as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or the effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from AGING, a physiological process, and TIME FACTORS which refers only to the passage of time.Urban Population: The inhabitants of a city or town, including metropolitan areas and suburban areas.Nutritional Requirements: The amounts of various substances in food needed by an organism to sustain healthy life.Oceanic Ancestry Group: Individuals whose ancestral origins are in the islands of the central and South Pacific, including Micronesia, Melanesia, Polynesia, and traditionally Australasia.Haplotypes: The genetic constitution of individuals with respect to one member of a pair of allelic genes, or sets of genes that are closely linked and tend to be inherited together such as those of the MAJOR HISTOCOMPATIBILITY COMPLEX.Diet: Regular course of eating and drinking adopted by a person or animal.Population Surveillance: Ongoing scrutiny of a population (general population, study population, target population, etc.), generally using methods distinguished by their practicability, uniformity, and frequently their rapidity, rather than by complete accuracy.Social Class: A stratum of people with similar position and prestige; includes social stratification. Social class is measured by criteria such as education, occupation, and income.Risk Factors: An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.Emigration and Immigration: The process of leaving one's country to establish residence in a foreign country.Health Status Disparities: Variation in rates of disease occurrence and disabilities between population groups defined by socioeconomic characteristics such as age, ethnicity, economic resources, or gender and populations identified geographically or similar measures.Asia: The largest of the continents. It was known to the Romans more specifically as what we know today as Asia Minor. The name comes from at least two possible sources: from the Assyrian asu (to rise) or from the Sanskrit usa (dawn), both with reference to its being the land of the rising sun, i.e., eastern as opposed to Europe, to the west. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p82 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p34)GreeceAustralia: The smallest continent and an independent country, comprising six states and two territories. Its capital is Canberra.Demography: Statistical interpretation and description of a population with reference to distribution, composition, or structure.Food, Fortified: Any food that has been supplemented with essential nutrients either in quantities that are greater than those present normally, or which are not present in the food normally. Fortified food includes also food to which various nutrients have been added to compensate for those removed by refinement or processing. (From Segen, Dictionary of Modern Medicine, 1992)Genotype: The genetic constitution of the individual, comprising the ALLELES present at each GENETIC LOCUS.Asian Continental Ancestry Group: Individuals whose ancestral origins are in the southeastern and eastern areas of the Asian continent.AfricaNutrition Policy: Guidelines and objectives pertaining to food supply and nutrition including recommendations for healthy diet.Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide: A single nucleotide variation in a genetic sequence that occurs at appreciable frequency in the population.Questionnaires: Predetermined sets of questions used to collect data - clinical data, social status, occupational group, etc. The term is often applied to a self-completed survey instrument.China: A country spanning from central Asia to the Pacific Ocean.Residence Characteristics: Elements of residence that characterize a population. They are applicable in determining need for and utilization of health services.Infant, Newborn: An infant during the first month after birth.Nigeria: A republic in western Africa, south of NIGER between BENIN and CAMEROON. Its capital is Abuja.Nutritional Status: State of the body in relation to the consumption and utilization of nutrients.Hispanic Americans: Persons living in the United States of Mexican (MEXICAN AMERICANS), Puerto Rican, Cuban, Central or South American, or other Spanish culture or origin. The concept does not include Brazilian Americans or Portuguese Americans.Health Services Accessibility: The degree to which individuals are inhibited or facilitated in their ability to gain entry to and to receive care and services from the health care system. Factors influencing this ability include geographic, architectural, transportational, and financial considerations, among others.New Zealand: A group of islands in the southwest Pacific. Its capital is Wellington. It was discovered by the Dutch explorer Abel Tasman in 1642 and circumnavigated by Cook in 1769. Colonized in 1840 by the New Zealand Company, it became a British crown colony in 1840 until 1907 when colonial status was terminated. New Zealand is a partly anglicized form of the original Dutch name Nieuw Zeeland, new sea land, possibly with reference to the Dutch province of Zeeland. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p842 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p378)Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice: Knowledge, attitudes, and associated behaviors which pertain to health-related topics such as PATHOLOGIC PROCESSES or diseases, their prevention, and treatment. This term refers to non-health workers and health workers (HEALTH PERSONNEL).EuropeHealth Surveys: A systematic collection of factual data pertaining to health and disease in a human population within a given geographic area.Geography: The science dealing with the earth and its life, especially the description of land, sea, and air and the distribution of plant and animal life, including humanity and human industries with reference to the mutual relations of these elements. (From Webster, 3d ed)Health Status: The level of health of the individual, group, or population as subjectively assessed by the individual or by more objective measures.Incidence: The number of new cases of a given disease during a given period in a specified population. It also is used for the rate at which new events occur in a defined population. It is differentiated from PREVALENCE, which refers to all cases, new or old, in the population at a given time.BrazilOccupations: Crafts, trades, professions, or other means of earning a living.Indians, North American: Individual members of North American ethnic groups with ancient historic ancestral origins in Asia.TexasItalyPolymorphism, Genetic: The regular and simultaneous occurrence in a single interbreeding population of two or more discontinuous genotypes. The concept includes differences in genotypes ranging in size from a single nucleotide site (POLYMORPHISM, SINGLE NUCLEOTIDE) to large nucleotide sequences visible at a chromosomal level.Life Style: Typical way of life or manner of living characteristic of an individual or group. (From APA, Thesaurus of Psychological Index Terms, 8th ed)HIV Infections: Includes the spectrum of human immunodeficiency virus infections that range from asymptomatic seropositivity, thru AIDS-related complex (ARC), to acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS).Spain: Parliamentary democracy located between France on the northeast and Portugual on the west and bordered by the Atlantic Ocean and the Mediterranean Sea.Alleles: Variant forms of the same gene, occupying the same locus on homologous CHROMOSOMES, and governing the variants in production of the same gene product.Health Promotion: Encouraging consumer behaviors most likely to optimize health potentials (physical and psychosocial) through health information, preventive programs, and access to medical care.Risk-Taking: Undertaking a task involving a challenge for achievement or a desirable goal in which there is a lack of certainty or a fear of failure. It may also include the exhibiting of certain behaviors whose outcomes may present a risk to the individual or to those associated with him or her.World Health: The concept pertaining to the health status of inhabitants of the world.African Americans: Persons living in the United States having origins in any of the black groups of Africa.Logistic Models: Statistical models which describe the relationship between a qualitative dependent variable (that is, one which can take only certain discrete values, such as the presence or absence of a disease) and an independent variable. A common application is in epidemiology for estimating an individual's risk (probability of a disease) as a function of a given risk factor.Environment: The external elements and conditions which surround, influence, and affect the life and development of an organism or population.Data Collection: Systematic gathering of data for a particular purpose from various sources, including questionnaires, interviews, observation, existing records, and electronic devices. The process is usually preliminary to statistical analysis of the data.Health Services Research: The integration of epidemiologic, sociological, economic, and other analytic sciences in the study of health services. Health services research is usually concerned with relationships between need, demand, supply, use, and outcome of health services. The aim of the research is evaluation, particularly in terms of structure, process, output, and outcome. (From Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 2d ed)Seroepidemiologic Studies: EPIDEMIOLOGIC STUDIES based on the detection through serological testing of characteristic change in the serum level of specific ANTIBODIES. Latent subclinical infections and carrier states can thus be detected in addition to clinically overt cases.Food Habits: Acquired or learned food preferences.Pregnancy: The status during which female mammals carry their developing young (EMBRYOS or FETUSES) in utero before birth, beginning from FERTILIZATION to BIRTH.Interviews as Topic: Conversations with an individual or individuals held in order to obtain information about their background and other personal biographical data, their attitudes and opinions, etc. It includes school admission or job interviews.Poverty: A situation in which the level of living of an individual, family, or group is below the standard of the community. It is often related to a specific income level.Nutrition Surveys: A systematic collection of factual data pertaining to the nutritional status of a human population within a given geographic area. Data from these surveys are used in preparing NUTRITION ASSESSMENTS.Genetic Markers: A phenotypically recognizable genetic trait which can be used to identify a genetic locus, a linkage group, or a recombination event.Environmental Exposure: The exposure to potentially harmful chemical, physical, or biological agents in the environment or to environmental factors that may include ionizing radiation, pathogenic organisms, or toxic chemicals.Epidemiologic Methods: Research techniques that focus on study designs and data gathering methods in human and animal populations.Wounds and Injuries: Damage inflicted on the body as the direct or indirect result of an external force, with or without disruption of structural continuity.Microsatellite Repeats: A variety of simple repeat sequences that are distributed throughout the GENOME. They are characterized by a short repeat unit of 2-8 basepairs that is repeated up to 100 times. They are also known as short tandem repeats (STRs).Cluster Analysis: A set of statistical methods used to group variables or observations into strongly inter-related subgroups. In epidemiology, it may be used to analyze a closely grouped series of events or cases of disease or other health-related phenomenon with well-defined distribution patterns in relation to time or place or both.Regression Analysis: Procedures for finding the mathematical function which best describes the relationship between a dependent variable and one or more independent variables. In linear regression (see LINEAR MODELS) the relationship is constrained to be a straight line and LEAST-SQUARES ANALYSIS is used to determine the best fit. In logistic regression (see LOGISTIC MODELS) the dependent variable is qualitative rather than continuously variable and LIKELIHOOD FUNCTIONS are used to find the best relationship. In multiple regression, the dependent variable is considered to depend on more than a single independent variable.Mortality: All deaths reported in a given population.Educational Status: Educational attainment or level of education of individuals.Risk: The probability that an event will occur. It encompasses a variety of measures of the probability of a generally unfavorable outcome.Genetic Predisposition to Disease: A latent susceptibility to disease at the genetic level, which may be activated under certain conditions.Health Policy: Decisions, usually developed by government policymakers, for determining present and future objectives pertaining to the health care system.Reproducibility of Results: The statistical reproducibility of measurements (often in a clinical context), including the testing of instrumentation or techniques to obtain reproducible results. The concept includes reproducibility of physiological measurements, which may be used to develop rules to assess probability or prognosis, or response to a stimulus; reproducibility of occurrence of a condition; and reproducibility of experimental results.Delivery of Health Care: The concept concerned with all aspects of providing and distributing health services to a patient population.Attitude to Health: Public attitudes toward health, disease, and the medical care system.Multivariate Analysis: A set of techniques used when variation in several variables has to be studied simultaneously. In statistics, multivariate analysis is interpreted as any analytic method that allows simultaneous study of two or more dependent variables.Smoking: Inhaling and exhaling the smoke of burning TOBACCO.Mass Screening: Organized periodic procedures performed on large groups of people for the purpose of detecting disease.Time Factors: Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.Program Evaluation: Studies designed to assess the efficacy of programs. They may include the evaluation of cost-effectiveness, the extent to which objectives are met, or impact.Phylogeny: The relationships of groups of organisms as reflected by their genetic makeup.Health Behavior: Behaviors expressed by individuals to protect, maintain or promote their health status. For example, proper diet, and appropriate exercise are activities perceived to influence health status. Life style is closely associated with health behavior and factors influencing life style are socioeconomic, educational, and cultural.Reference Values: The range or frequency distribution of a measurement in a population (of organisms, organs or things) that has not been selected for the presence of disease or abnormality.Risk Assessment: The qualitative or quantitative estimation of the likelihood of adverse effects that may result from exposure to specified health hazards or from the absence of beneficial influences. (Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 1988)Body Mass Index: An indicator of body density as determined by the relationship of BODY WEIGHT to BODY HEIGHT. BMI=weight (kg)/height squared (m2). BMI correlates with body fat (ADIPOSE TISSUE). Their relationship varies with age and gender. For adults, BMI falls into these categories: below 18.5 (underweight); 18.5-24.9 (normal); 25.0-29.9 (overweight); 30.0 and above (obese). (National Center for Health Statistics, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention)Cardiovascular Diseases: Pathological conditions involving the CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM including the HEART; the BLOOD VESSELS; or the PERICARDIUM.Obesity: A status with BODY WEIGHT that is grossly above the acceptable or desirable weight, usually due to accumulation of excess FATS in the body. The standards may vary with age, sex, genetic or cultural background. In the BODY MASS INDEX, a BMI greater than 30.0 kg/m2 is considered obese, and a BMI greater than 40.0 kg/m2 is considered morbidly obese (MORBID OBESITY).Chronic Disease: Diseases which have one or more of the following characteristics: they are permanent, leave residual disability, are caused by nonreversible pathological alteration, require special training of the patient for rehabilitation, or may be expected to require a long period of supervision, observation, or care. (Dictionary of Health Services Management, 2d ed)Primary Health Care: Care which provides integrated, accessible health care services by clinicians who are accountable for addressing a large majority of personal health care needs, developing a sustained partnership with patients, and practicing in the context of family and community. (JAMA 1995;273(3):192)Cohort Studies: Studies in which subsets of a defined population are identified. These groups may or may not be exposed to factors hypothesized to influence the probability of the occurrence of a particular disease or other outcome. Cohorts are defined populations which, as a whole, are followed in an attempt to determine distinguishing subgroup characteristics.Neoplasms: New abnormal growth of tissue. Malignant neoplasms show a greater degree of anaplasia and have the properties of invasion and metastasis, compared to benign neoplasms.Odds Ratio: The ratio of two odds. The exposure-odds ratio for case control data is the ratio of the odds in favor of exposure among cases to the odds in favor of exposure among noncases. The disease-odds ratio for a cohort or cross section is the ratio of the odds in favor of disease among the exposed to the odds in favor of disease among the unexposed. The prevalence-odds ratio refers to an odds ratio derived cross-sectionally from studies of prevalent cases.Analysis of Variance: A statistical technique that isolates and assesses the contributions of categorical independent variables to variation in the mean of a continuous dependent variable.Polymerase Chain Reaction: In vitro method for producing large amounts of specific DNA or RNA fragments of defined length and sequence from small amounts of short oligonucleotide flanking sequences (primers). The essential steps include thermal denaturation of the double-stranded target molecules, annealing of the primers to their complementary sequences, and extension of the annealed primers by enzymatic synthesis with DNA polymerase. The reaction is efficient, specific, and extremely sensitive. Uses for the reaction include disease diagnosis, detection of difficult-to-isolate pathogens, mutation analysis, genetic testing, DNA sequencing, and analyzing evolutionary relationships.Case-Control Studies: Studies which start with the identification of persons with a disease of interest and a control (comparison, referent) group without the disease. The relationship of an attribute to the disease is examined by comparing diseased and non-diseased persons with regard to the frequency or levels of the attribute in each group.
Unlike in continental Chile, the indigenous population of Chiloé grew from 1700 onwards. By 1712 indigenous peoples made up ... In that year a group helped the Dutch corsair Baltazar de Cordes attack the Spanish settlement of Castro. ... His son is reported to have had similar behaviors and his majordomo kidnapped children to send them to continental Chile. ... The encomienda activities in Chiloé included the Indians traveling to the continental coast to log for alerce wood. In ...
In Canada, the term 'Asian' is pan-continental unlike its usage in the US and Australia. See Asian Americans. Asian Canadians ... As of 2011, South Asians alone make up over 15 percent of the Greater Toronto Area's population, and are projected to make up ... Canadians of Asian ancestry comprise the largest and fastest growing visible minority group in Canada, with roughly 17% of the ... Today, Asian Canadians form a significant minority within the population, and over 5 million Asians call Canada their home. ...
However, Claypool's Rebellion of 1780-1781, in which a group of men refused to pay taxes imposed by the Continental Army, ... Social conditions in western Virginia were entirely unlike those in the eastern portion of the state. The population was not ... "Population and Population Centers by State: 2000". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on September 18, ... Resident Population Data. "Resident Population Data - 2010 Census". 2010.census.gov. Archived from the original on December 20 ...
They paid their own expenses, and, unlike most Continental troops, were gentlemen. The Light Horse wore chocolate brown ... The Philadelphia Light Horse was a group of twenty-one wealthy young men that volunteered its service to General Washington. ... In Reed's words, the "arms and ravages of the enemy" had terrified the population; though they were "otherwise well disposed," ... Washington described the Continental Army's march to Princeton, "by a roundabout road," as its baggage was quietly moved to ...
Unlike immigrants to countries in Continental Europe, the majority of Sri Lankan Tamils that went to live in Anglosaxon ... This initial group of immigrants consisted of a very settled group of people who followed a migration model of a single journey ... with smaller populations in the West and East Midlands. The UK has always had a strong, albeit small, population of Sri Lankan ... The largest population of British Sri Lankan Tamils can be found in London, chiefly in Harrow (West London) and Tooting (South ...
From a population of fewer than 2,000 Tamils in 1983, it has become an important minority population groups within the GTA. ... Unlike immigrants to countries in Continental Europe, many Sri Lankan Tamils that went to live in Anglosaxon countries achieved ... But smaller populations can be found in Vancouver, New York and Los Angeles. Canada has the largest population of Sri Lankan ... A sizable population of Sri Lankan Tamils can be found in India, particularly in the state of Tamil Nadu where the two peoples ...
... according to the Population and Housing Census of 2009, was 67,100. Karakol features a humid continental climate (Dfb). Karakol ... Unlike Shymbulak resort, the riding at Karakol includes forest areas as well as cleared trails. The cathedral was originally ... Also this city is culturally rich by different ethnic groups that live here such as Dungan, Uigur, Kalmak, Uzbek, Russians and ... Population in provinces, districts, towns of Russian Empire (without Finland). Semirech'e Province (Demoscope.ru) (in Russian) ...
... the climate of Eastern Oregon is a drier continental climate, with much greater seasonal variations in temperature. Unlike the ... Umatilla County is home to the largest population base in Eastern Oregon; accounting for 74% of the region's population in 2016 ... Volcanic basalt flows from the Columbia River Basalt Group covered large sections of Eastern Oregon 6 to 17 million years ago. ... Unlike the rest of the state, that section lies within the Mountain Time Zone. Sacajawea Peak is the region's highest mountain ...
Distribution of the group in Gulf of Mexico has been restricted in a very small area unlike the original range occupying ... Taiwan and continental China. A population found off southern and southwestern Japan in the East China Sea has also been ... For management purposes, the U.S. population is divided into three groups: the Eastern Tropical Pacific stock (11,000-13,000 ... A population assessment done in the mid-1990s stated that the population in the western North Pacific may have declined by as ...
Toothfish are commercially fished, and illegal overfishing has reduced toothfish populations. Another abundant icefish group is ... Around 98% of continental Antarctica is covered in ice up to 4.7 kilometres (2.9 mi) thick. Antarctica's icy deserts have ... Unlike most bryophytes, a majority of Antarctic bryophytes do not enter a diploid sporophyte stage, instead they reproduce ... The dominant group of snow algae is chlamydomonas , a type of green algae. The largest marine algae are kelp species, which ...
The population of the bobcat depends primarily on the population of its prey. Nonetheless, the bobcat is often killed by larger ... The lynx is usually solitary, although a small group of lynx may travel and hunt together occasionally. Mating takes place in ... The bobcat is an adaptable predator that inhabits deciduous, coniferous, or mixed woodlands, but unlike other Lynx, does not ... While the bobcat is common throughout southern Canada, the continental United States and northern Mexico, the Canada lynx is ...
Another populous immigrant group is the Chinese who, unlike other foreign workers, are employed in much more lucrative areas ... The population count by year: Population count by districts (2010 Census): Kirovsky: 114,715 Leninsky: 145,530 Oktyabrsky: ... Krasnoyarsk experiences a humid continental climate (Köppen climate classification Dfb). Its climate in July and January is ... Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (2010 All-Russia Population ...
The Han characters for Hakka (客家) literally mean "guest families". Unlike other Han ethnic groups, the Hakkas are not named ... A small number of Hakka came to the continental US before the 1882 Chinese Exclusion Act. Some Hakka also went to Hawaii, where ... they consisted a significant minority of the population. During the 1960s and 1970s, substantial migration of Jamaican Hakkas ... One group is the New England Hakka Association, which reminds its members not to forget their roots. One example is a blog by ...
In Boston, a group of women marched down to a warehouse where a merchant was holding coffee that he refused to sell. They ... Unlike poorer women present in the army camps, the value of these well-to-do women to the army was symbolic or spiritual, ... Therefore, at the onset of the war, only free blacks, a tiny percent of the population, were allowed to fight. In the fall of ... Americans responded by forming the Continental Congress and going to war with the British. The war would not have been able to ...
By 1871, the largest ethnic groups in the county were Scots (18 per cent of the population), Irish (8 per cent), English (12.6 ... Immigration from continental Germany slowed by 1880. First and second-generation descendants now comprised most of the local ... Unlike the predominantly Mennonite settlers from Pennsylvania, the majority of Germans from Europe were of other denominations ... In 1841, the population count was 4424. In 1846 the village of Waterloo had a population of 200, "mostly Germans". There was a ...
This vole is a colonial species, living in groups of about 10 individuals, typically a family group of one pair of adults and ... The Y chromosome is present, unlike in the cases of its relatives E. lutescens and E. tancrei. The northern mole vole is ... A study undertaken in 2001 found the vole's adaptation to the extremes of the continental climate is based on distinct seasonal ... The population size varies, being limited by infectious diseases, parasites, severe winters with deep-frozen ground, spring ...
Unlike other southern centres, Dunedin's population has not declined since the 1970s due to the presence of the University of ... Central Otago's climate is the closest approximation to a continental climate anywhere in New Zealand. This climate is part of ... Other well-represented European groups include those of English, Irish, and Dutch descent. Maori comprise approximately 7% of ... The population of Otago is 224,200, which is approximately 4.7 percent of New Zealand's total population of 4.8 million. About ...
Unlike the members of the elected institutions and other appointed institutions in the Bahá'í Faith, who serve in those offices ... The work of the Hands of the Cause is now carried out by the Continental Counsellors and the Auxiliary Boards. Eight out of the ... Hands of the Cause were a select group of Bahá'ís, appointed for life, whose main function was to propagate and protect the ... However a statistical review across continents and for the Baha'is world population shows a general upward track of women being ...
... as well as the pastoral Fulbe populations, who helped them come to power. Together, they formed a group of vassals to the ... unlike males from neighbouring ethnic groups around them. ... territories over an area larger in size than the continental ... Main Fulani Sub-Groups, National and Subnational Locations, Cluster group and dialectal variety ... Gale Group. ISBN 978-0-8161-1808-3. .. , Quote: The Fulani form the largest pastoral nomadic group in the world. The Bororo'en ...
... and attack Patriot paramilitary groups not unlike his own. The Loyalists during the American revolution had to face two kinds ... The Loyalists, many of whom helped found America from the early 17th century, left a well-armed population hostile to the King ... Therefore, during the revolution he formed a guerrilla force to disrupt the Continental (American) Army's supply lines, ... Another smaller group of Iroquois settled on the shores of the Bay of Quinte in modern day Southeastern Ontario. The government ...
Range and wildlife managers conduct surveys of elk pellet groups to monitor populations and resource use. At least 53 species ... Unlike white-tailed deer and moose which are primarily browsers, elk have a similarity to cattle as they are primarily grazers ... they take part in the longest elk migration in the continental U.S. Elk in the southern regions of Yellowstone National Park ... Eastern group Manchurian wapiti (C. c. xanthopygus) Alashan wapiti (C. c. alashanicus) Southern group (Central Asian red deer) ...
9. Support musical groups for indoor activities. However, such groups must be organized, school sponsored, and supervised to ... The Continental Conference is a rough equivalent of the former Bux-Mont League. The American Conference is similar to the 1970s ... Unlike when the Ches-Mont schools left, this move was highly controversial and unpopular; several of the Suburban League ... For football only, 2014 saw a return to a conference structure based on student population, with all the larger schools in the ...
One group of about 60, called the Overlanders of '62, did make the journey from Canada via Rupert's Land during the Cariboo ... Unlike the later 19th century/ early 20th century when organized immigration schemes brought in much of the new immigrants to ... The non-local native population of the British Pacific was in the 150-300 range until the advent of the Fraser Gold Rush in ... Interior Clifford Sifton launched a program of settlement with offices and advertising in the United Kingdom and continental ...
Although several other groups of crustaceans have the word "lobster" in their names, the unqualified term "lobster" generally ... However, unlike most vertebrates, lobsters express telomerase as adults through most tissue, which has been suggested to be ... They live on rocky, sandy, or muddy bottoms from the shoreline to beyond the edge of the continental shelf. They generally live ... These first known instances of lobster cannibalism in the wild are theorized to be attributed to a local population explosion ...
As a result, unlike most of the Caribbean Islands, Trinidad and Tobago supports a primarily South American flora and fauna and ... The Bon Accord Lagoon on Tobago is a vital mangrove habitat and home to a population of spectacled caimans as well as a number ... To date (July 2014), the generally accepted recorded numbers of species of the various major groups of amphibians and reptiles ... Trinidad and Tobago are continental islands with a geologically very recent history of direct land bridge connection to South ...
"ANALYTIC AND CONTINENTAL PHILOSOPHY".. *^ Shai, Adam; Larkum, Matthew Evan (2017-12-05). "Branching into brains". eLife. 6. doi ... These connections are, unlike most artificial neural networks, sparse and usually specific. It is not known how information is ... suggesting computational approaches to the study of how functional groups of neurons within the hippocampus and neocortex ... which gives rise to the population model of neural networks. While many neurotheorists prefer such models with reduced ...
Unlike in continental Chile, the indigenous population of Chiloé grew from 1700 onwards. By 1712 indigenous peoples made up ... In that year a group helped the Dutch corsair Baltazar de Cordes attack the Spanish settlement of Castro. ... His son is reported to have had similar behaviors and his majordomo kidnapped children to send them to continental Chile. ... The encomienda activities in Chiloé included the Indians traveling to the continental coast to log for alerce wood. In ...
In Canada, the term Asian is pan-continental unlike its usage in the US and Australia. See Asian Americans. Asian Canadians ... As of 2011, South Asians alone make up over 15 percent of the Greater Toronto Areas population, and are projected to make up ... Canadians of Asian ancestry comprise the largest and fastest growing visible minority group in Canada, with roughly 17% of the ... Today, Asian Canadians form a significant minority within the population, and over 5 million Asians call Canada their home. ...
... which revealed high levels of among ethnic group variation and low levels of among-population-within-ethnic-group variation. ... On the other hand, in continental Europe, the "signal" of the Neolithic populations has been absorbed by the indigenous ... Furthermore, unlike Slavs of the Balkans that have only a little J2b and almost no J2a, Ukrainians have more J2a than J2b, and ... For the US population as a whole:. The most common haplogroup is R-M269 (37.8%), which is found in all of the ethnic groups. ...
... as well as the pastoral Fulbe populations, who helped them come to power. Together, they formed a group of vassals to the ... unlike males from neighbouring ethnic groups around them. ... territories over an area larger in size than the continental ... Main Fulani Sub-Groups, National and Subnational Locations, Cluster group and dialectal variety ... Gale Group. ISBN 978-0-8161-1808-3. .. , Quote: The Fulani form the largest pastoral nomadic group in the world. The Bororoen ...
... we get Fsts between any two groups that are comparable to what we find between continental groups today. ... Given enough time a "hybrid" population is no longer a hybrid, but rather a new distinctive population which itself can be a " ... Also, unlike in Europe, there is nowhere that the Indian-specific clades within M could have come from, as they are not shared ... we get Fsts between any two groups that are comparable to what we find between continental groups today. ...
It was unlike what Id seen anywhere else." He was joined on the podium by scientists, including marine ecologist Peter Auster ... It is critical that we take steps to protect habitat to help fish populations rebound and build resilience to the effects of ... The coral canyons and seamounts begin a little more than 100 miles southeast of Cape Cod, where the continental shelf drops ... People from many walks of life-including small-business owners, academics, civic leaders, representatives of faith groups, and ...
Unlike many species of birds, bats are long-lived, have low reproductive rates, and appear to be especially vulnerable to wind ... href="mailto:[email protected]",Michigan Wind Working Group,/A, ; ,A [email protected] href="mailto:[email protected]",[email protected],/A ... No endangered species of bat has yet been found and reported killed at a wind farm in the continental United States. However, ... this new threat, the cumulative impact on populations of bats could become extremely serious.,/FONT,,/DIV,. ,DIV,,FONT face=" ...
These populations were evenly split across the clusters corresponding to Eurasia and East Asia, and thus, unlike most other ... Out of their 52 human populations, 49 fell distinctly into one continental-scale cluster or another. Only two followed the ... Q. My ethnic groups holiday isnt as popular as some other ethnic groups days and that really gets my goat. Is there a way ... These populations were evenly split across the clusters corresponding to Eurasia and East Asia, and thus, unlike most other ...
Asian Continental Ancestry Group / genetics * DNA, Mitochondrial / genetics* * Emigration and Immigration * Female ... Unlike in eastern Asia, most of the northern Asian variants of haplogroups C and D began the expansion after the LGM, thus ... Here we describe the phylogeography of haplogroups C and D in the populations of northern and eastern Asia. We have analyzed ...
... including the primary headaches in a student population. Methods: This is a cross-sectional descriptive study. Data were ... Headache burden may vary depending on the group studied. Special groups medical and nursing like students are exposed to a lot ... GP general population; **USt University students; ***MS medical students; ##Secondary school studentsl; #HW hospital workers; β ... however unlike migraine it was significantly more common among females. The epidemiology of TTH has been shown to differ from ...
Unlike the flying earwig Hawaiian damselfly, which is restricted to one remaining population site and which is known to have ... Some groups of insects that often dominate continental arthropod fauna, including social Hymenoptera (e.g., ants and wasps), ... in which some populations might survive stochastic events that impact other populations of the damselflies, has been lost as a ... isolated population. The small population size of these two species thus magnifies the severity of the impact of the other ...
Youll either fly Continental or Air France for your trip. At $18, this flight will be $4,000 to $5,000. The dearth of capacity ... Basically, what we have is a race pitting the price of gas against dwindling fish populations. If gas stays cheap long enough ... By the time gas has reached $18, most people will live in places where density dictates that schools be grouped closer together ... will allow the existing airlines to charge large premiums and, unlike now, make a steady profit. ...
Population estimate: With the lack of recent data collection, the Canadian population is estimated to be fewer than 250 mature ... Balaenoptera borealis are part of the Rorquals, a group of baleen whales which include the largest animals on Earth. Sei Whales ... Sei Whales are unique in that unlike most rorquals, they are capable of eating all types of micro-crustacean species, making it ... locations associated with continental shelves. This is most likely due to the optimal locations for finding their typical prey ...
Continental) with Australia reclassified as insular instead of continental. Error bars are 90% confidence intervals. Model ... 2009) Arid recovery: A comparison of reptile and small mammal populations inside and outside a large rabbit, cat and fox-proof ... eDesert Ecology Research Group, School of Life and Environmental Sciences, University of Sydney, Sydney, NSW 2006, Australia ... Unlike previous studies (1, 19), however, we did not include a "nil impact" level (e.g., 0.01) because such information is not ...
It consists of two dissimilar portions: a continental projection (commonly called mainland Southeast... ... Southeast Asias population includes a wide variety of ethnic groups and cultures. This diversity is related to its position as ... Dominating the region is the Sunda Shelf, the portion of the Asian continental shelf that extends southward from the Gulf of ... Thus, unlike in Myanmar, language actually has been a unifying element in the country. ...
This week a group of educators, students and robotics enthusiasts from our home city of Gloucester, Massachusetts met with Iain ... Unlike the North Atlantic and North Pacific right whales (both Endangered), southern rights have managed to rebound from ... One of the animals is currently in deep waters of the South Atlantic, one has been spending its time over the continental shelf ... Of the estimated total population of southern right whales found throughout the entire Southern Hemisphere, around one third ...
Continental Population Groups , Forensic Genetics , Genotyping Techniques/instrumentation ... unlike the first one, includes markers with high divergence in allele frequencies among populations. In a first stage, the ... such as the ubiquitin in the pre-symptomatic group and neurogranin in the group of the symptomatic animals and several proteins ... and clarify some details on the formation of different Brazilian populations through genetic data, population samples from ...
Continental Population Groups , Forensic Genetics , Genotyping Techniques/instrumentation ... unlike the first one, includes markers with high divergence in allele frequencies among populations. In a first stage, the ... Validation studies of physical anthropology methods in the different population groups are extremely important, especially in ... and clarify some details on the formation of different Brazilian populations through genetic data, population samples from ...
... also suggest distinct distributions for the two wild populations. The chloroplast DNA phylogeographic network confirms the area ... model the potential distributions of wild and domesticated populations; 2) identify the probable origin of domestication with a ... model the potential distributions of wild and domesticated populations; 2) identify the probable origin of domestication with a ... A) Group assignments for each palm for K = 2 groups. (B) Group assignments for each palm for K = 3 groups. (C) Group ...
A vast majority of the U.S. population lives in these areas. It is not surprising that a majority of hunters do also. In 2001, ... Unlike waterfowl hunters, the percentage of all hunters does not increase with educational attainment. Instead, the percentage ... The continental United States is divided into four flyways: Atlantic, Central, Mississippi, and Pacific. These flyways ... That is, as household income increases, the percentage of waterfowl hunters in each income group also increases. Income is also ...
In only 30 years, continental numbers have plummeted by 40 percent. Recent population and distribution assessments of some ... Unlike the slaughter of elephants and rhinos by poachers, the collapse of Africas giraffes has been quiet and overlooked. ... Poaching in Africa today involves militias, crime networks, and even terrorist groups motivated by the demand for ivory and ... Not only are current levels of illegal offtake unsustainable, but the species affected are also in much-reduced populations and ...
Moreover, unlike those of sister states, Tennessees Lieutenant Governor is not directly elected via popular vote. Instead, ... Dominant population demographic political affiliation and participation. As in other states, two major political parties ... By stark contrast, Democratic Party strength is primarily concentrated within a small "core" group of four major urban areas ... This practice is not heard of anywhere else in the entire 49-member continental U.S. ...
Read chapter 8 Genome-wide Patterns of Population Structure and Admixture Among Hispanic/Latino Populations--Katarzyna Bryc, ... To investigate the genetic relationships among admixed Hispanic/Latino populations and putative ancestral groups, we compared ... Although this is true for Hispanic/Latino populations with origins in the continental landmass of the Americas (such as the ... Furthermore, unlike in Native American ancestry, we found an overwhelming representation of Native American mtDNA haplogroups ...
Principles of Population Genetics. Genetics of Populations. Molecular Evolution. Quantitative Genetics. Evolutionary ... At the top you see the mean WORDSUM scores for each ethnic group for each region. I put the Ns in there as well so you can see ... I took the average annual temperature for each of the 48 continental states (Alaska and Hawaii were not included in the source ... unlike most crime data from government agencies. . Discussion. Here, correlation probably is causation, as climate precedes ...
Human population history is just a long series of migrations, intermingling and assimilations during which new ethnic groups ... Two R1b-U106 samples, the ones with possible Germanic/continental admixture, were these:. R1b-U106,S497:. Sample 3DRIF-16, ... That sample does not show any signs of autosomal Germanic admixture (unlike U106 samples).. Two R1b-U106 samples, the ones with ... This area also has a very fertile soil (Löss) and is capable to feed a population in high numbers, which is advantagous for an ...
AfricaBird populationsRangesAdmixtureLargelyMainlandShelfAfricansHispanicDistinctPredatorsEthnic groupCity's populationPatternsGenome-wideDifferencesLociGenetic VariationForestsMortalityAncestralTerrestrialRegionsEstimatesLargeMalesIsolationIndiaOccurEurasiaElephantsSignificantEstimateEnvironmentsNorth AmericaSmallPhylogeographyDescentRecoverAnalysesCoastalPhylogeneticFewerSignificantlyRapidlyInfectionBirdsHaplotypesMethodsScientistsVariabilityPoachersSocioeconomicAsiansFoundAnimalsGov'tFishesTemperateEcosystemsWhalesHabitatsEarlyIndividualsConservation
- C. Loring Brace and colleagues have published a new paper in PNAS which examines several populations from West Eurasia and Africa based on 24 cranial measurements. (blogspot.com)
- Fulaw ) are one of the largest ethnic groups in the Sahel and West Africa , widely dispersed across the region. (wikipedia.org)
- Poaching in Africa today involves militias, crime networks, and even terrorist groups motivated by the demand for ivory and rhino horn in Asian countries predominantly. (awf.org)
- 98% of black rhino populations are concentrated in 4 countries: Kenya, South Africa, Zimbabwe and Namibia. (awf.org)
- Groups of lions expanded their range dramatically out of Africa during the middle of the Ice Age, appearing in Europe and Britain by around 500,000 years ago. (beringia.com)
- Unlike their white predecessors, Pretoria's new black leaders saw South Africa as an intrinsic part of the rest of Africa. (pbs.org)
- The country is now Africa's leading provider of foreign direct investment, according to the research group Liquid Africa. (pbs.org)
- Eventually the market in South Africa will reach some maturity," says Monika Steinlechner, general manager of corporate finance for the MTN group, one of South Africa's three cellular networks, explaining why her company has reached out into the continent. (pbs.org)
- It is significant that the intruding populations were largely bereft of the distinctive Negroid element that characterized the populations of Africa. (lankaweb.com)
- Boyd, who also offers tours, had a group of tourists from Africa with him at Trump Island. (thenorwester.ca)
- The amalgam of peoples of North Africa coalesced eventually into a distinct native population. (thefullwiki.org)
- If you look at the numerous conflicts in Africa, where civil wars have taken off, it is brutal to the general population. (abovetopsecret.com)
- 6 Groups involved in the smuggling of tusks from Africa to Asia pocket the majority of this revenue, as they pay regional poachers around $23 per pound (or $50 per kilo) and then sell the same tusk to middlemen for roughly $200 per kilo. (satmagazine.com)
- For more detailed information on the methods of data collection, refer to the 2001 National Survey of Fishing, Hunting, and Wildlife-Associated Recreation.2 Introduction 1 In the early 1990s, drought caused bird populations to plummet. (fws.gov)
- Due to conservation action, many wetland birds are showing strong population gains, and grassland bird populations are showing signs of improvement. (docplayer.net)
- Bird populations in eastern and western forests and aridlands are all in decline, reflecting the urgent need for conservation in these habitats. (docplayer.net)
- While habitat conservation is most important, there are several additional sources of direct human-caused bird mortalities that could be reduced to benefit bird populations. (docplayer.net)
- And, like in India, some populations will be discovered to be "off-cline" by admixture with different elements: in Europe these will be Paleo-Mediterraneans like the Iceman, an element maximally preserved in modern Sardinians, as well as the East Eurasian-influenced populations at the North-Eastern side of the continent. (discovermagazine.com)
- Hispanic/Latino populations possess a complex genetic structure that reflects recent admixture among and potentially ancient substructure within Native American, European, and West African source populations. (nap.edu)
- Comparing autosomal, X and Y chromosome, and mtDNA variation, we find evidence of a significant sex bias in admixture proportions consistent with disproportionate contribution of European male and Native American female ancestry to present-day populations. (nap.edu)
- libria in admixed Hispanic/Latino populations are largely affected by the admixture dynamics of the populations, with faster decay of LD in populations of higher African ancestry. (nap.edu)
- Our results suggest future genome-wide association scans in Hispanic/Latino populations may require correction for local genomic ancestry at a subcontinental scale when associating differences in the genome with disease risk, progression, and drug efficacy, as well as for admixture mapping. (nap.edu)
- This panel and its reference genotype information will be useful resources to explore population history of admixture in Latin America and to correct for the potential effects of population stratification in admixed samples in the region. (prolekare.cz)
- We propose that this may be explained by the existence of a genetic "bottleneck" among Anatolian populations and that it supports models of the largely exogenous origin of many early Neolithic populations in this region. (blogspot.com)
- This group is largely mestizo (mixed European and native American), and its members consider themselves the "real Panamanians. (blogspot.com)
- Since the 1980s, the Garamba elephant population has fallen to about 2,400 from approximately 20,000, largely due to poaching. (satmagazine.com)
- One simple possibility here is that that's simply a function of the fact that it's an island, and therefore has diverged from mainland populations due to isolation from conventional village-to-village mate exchange. (discovermagazine.com)
- It consists of two dissimilar portions: a continental projection (commonly called mainland Southeast Asia) and a string of archipelagoes to the south and east of the mainland (insular Southeast Asia). (britannica.com)
- Our previous studies of P. nigromaculata revealed significant subdivisions between the northeast China populations and populations in other regions of the mainland. (biomedcentral.com)
- The coral canyons and seamounts begin a little more than 100 miles southeast of Cape Cod, where the continental shelf drops abruptly to depths of thousands of feet. (pewtrusts.org)
- These arthropods-more closely related to spiders than to crabs-spend most of their lives on the Continental Shelf. (nwf.org)
- They are called polynyas, formations that derive their name from the Russian word for "hole in the ice," and are typically an expanse of open seawater along the coast that is enclosed by floating sea ice and the continental shelf. (scientificamerican.com)
- Adding urgency are recent indications of changing conditions around Antarctica-particularly more frequent calving of massive icebergs from the continental ice shelf. (whoi.edu)
- Fieldwork for the Southern Ocean GLOBEC program, conducted between 2001 and early 2003, focused on a broad and relatively deep (300 to 400 meters) continental shelf region off the western Antarctic Peninsula, due south of the tip of South America, from Adelaide Island to Charcot Island. (whoi.edu)
- The canonical variate plot again shows the separate of the Niger-Congo group, and the intermediacy of the Natufians between West Eurasians and North/East Africans and Eurasians. (blogspot.com)
- It can be easily seen that the Niger-Congo have high distances from all other populations, except Northeast Africans. (blogspot.com)
- Northeast Africans are however closer to Late Prehistoric Eurasians and Modern Europeans than to the Niger-Congo group. (blogspot.com)
- The Republic of Panama is a former Spanish colony in Central America with a mixed population of Creoles, mestizos, European immigrants, Africans, and indigenous Indians. (blogspot.com)
- The UPA (terrorist group), which was based in the Congo, would attack and massacre Portuguese settlers and local Africans living in Angola from bases in the Congo. (newworldencyclopedia.org)
- Intersecting these data with previously collected high-density SNP data from 4,305 individuals, we use principal component analysis and clustering methods FRAPPE and STRUCTURE to investigate genome-wide patterns of African, European, and Native American population structure within and among Hispanic/Latino populations. (nap.edu)
- We document moderate power to differentiate among potential subcontinental source populations within the Native American, European, and African segments of the admixed Hispanic/Latino genomes. (nap.edu)
- For example, in a study of five Hispanic/Latino ethnic groups, Puerto Ricans and Dominicans showed the largest proportion of African ancestry, while Mexicans had a significantly larger proportion of Native American ancestry than the other groups . (prolekare.cz)
- Three loci replicate in a Hispanic population, n=5172. (cdc.gov)
- Conclusion: When considering various populations, soft tissue thickness had significant differences in many craniometric points highlighting how distinct they might be. (bvsalud.org)
- Two distribution models for Last Glacial Maximum conditions (CCSM4, MIROC) also suggest distinct distributions for the two wild populations. (frontiersin.org)
- In Asians, the symptoms of thyrotoxicosis are distinct and usually precede the first paralytic episode, whereas in non-Asian populations, paralysis is the presenting symptom. (scribd.com)
- The extinction of native communities in the Caribbean, for instance, contrasts with over twenty distinct Maya groups to this day constituting almost half of Guatemala's national population. (activehistory.ca)
- In contemporary Oceania, that isolation is being progressively undermined and these tree snails are now directly exposed to introduced continental predators throughout the family's range. (biomedcentral.com)
- In between lies Marguerite Bay, which supports a persistent and large stock of krill and large populations of top predators that depend on it for food. (whoi.edu)
- A significant proportion of the Fula - a third, or an estimated 12 to 13 million - are pastoralists , and their ethnic group has the largest nomadic pastoral community in the world. (wikipedia.org)
- With the exception of Guinea, where the Fula make up the largest ethnic group, Senegal, Mali, Burkina Faso, and Niger, and Fulas are either a significant or a minority ethnic group in nearly all other countries they live in. (wikipedia.org)
- At the top you see the mean WORDSUM scores for each ethnic group for each region. (gnxp.com)
- Note that there is more interregional variation within an ethnic group than there is interethnic variation within a region (the standard deviation across the columns is 50% bigger than across the rows). (gnxp.com)
- Is it legitimate to treat Southern Whites as a separate ethnic group? (crookedtimber.org)
- Visually think of it as if each ethnic group were it's own province. (typepad.com)
- It was responsible for the 1793 yellow fever epidemic that killed 10 percent of the city's population. (philly.com)
- The city's population will grow to work more tiles, buildings that sustain health (essentially, happiness) and other necessities of the civilization can be produced, and the city's borders will expand with higher culture. (gamerevolution.com)
- We discovered a population within which haplotype lineages A and B of P. nigromaculata coexist in the Dongliao area of China by nucleotide sequences, PCR-RFLP and ISSR (inter simple sequence repeat) patterns. (biomedcentral.com)
- The patterns of differentiation in the populations from the different biogeographic provinces could not be entirely attributed to isolation by distance. (biomedcentral.com)
- Intensive field research in this region has been in progress for almost 30 years.In the early 1970's photo-identification of killer whales was established by the late Michael Bigg of Fisheries and Oceans Canada.This technique was integral in allowing researchers to identify individual killer whales and by extension estimate population sizes, movement patterns and provide insight into social structure and birth and death rates. (wildwhales.org)
- We used genome-wide data from 953 individuals from diverse African, European, and Native American populations to select AIMs optimized for each of the three main continental populations that form the basis of modern Latin American populations. (prolekare.cz)
- We then validated the panel in samples from four admixed populations by comparing ancestry estimates based on the AIMs panel to estimates based on genome-wide association study (GWAS) data. (prolekare.cz)
- Some anthropometric points showed significant differences between sex, age groups and nutritional status. (bvsalud.org)
- Among age groups, there was also significant differences in some distances. (bvsalud.org)
- I trust my hunches, but there's no reason you should, so I decided to see if there was anything here in regards to my assumption about interregional differences in intelligence and how they might track across ethnic groups. (gnxp.com)
- My main motivation was see if the differences across regions were similar for all three groups. (gnxp.com)
- AIMs are polymorphisms that exhibit large allele frequency differences between populations and can be used to infer individuals' geographic origins. (prolekare.cz)
- populations as measured by MS loci which may be mainly influenced by semi-permeable natural barriers in each biogeographical region that lead to the genetic differences and effective population sizes detected. (biomedcentral.com)
- The relatively high genetic differentiation in the port city of Buenaventura may be the result of specific ecological conditions, human migration and activities and/or differences in effective population sizes. (biomedcentral.com)
- Analyses were based on mtDNA COI gene sequences and four microsatellite loci of individuals collected in eight populations from the Caribbean and the Pacific regions of Colombia. (biomedcentral.com)
- Using the Metabochip array in 15 148 African Americans from the Population Architecture using Genomics and Epidemiology (PAGE) study, we identify susceptibility loci and investigate pleiotropy among genetic variants using a subset-based meta-analysis method, ASsociation-analysis-based-on-subSETs (ASSET). (cdc.gov)
- It is most likely that the Pre-Vijayan populations of Sri Lanka nad a significant Negrito population that lived "ƒ"¹…"outside history' in the remote forests of our ancient land. (lankaweb.com)
- Park rangers must track migratory elephant herds through savanna grasslands and deep forests and they must stop elusive groups of poachers who use their intimate knowledge of the terrain to escape detection. (satmagazine.com)
- A recent analysis out of China reviewing rates of infection, targeted populations and mortality reported that the worst hit group is older people, particularly those who have immune-compromised conditions: cardiovascular disease, hypertension, diabetes, chronic respiratory illnesses, etc. (healthimpactnews.com)
- But it seems likely that any "West Asian" component is going to be much closer genetically to an "Ancestral European" mix than they were to "Ancestral South Indians," because the two former elements are probably part of a broader West Eurasian diversification which post-dates the separation of those groups from Southern and Eastern Eurasians. (discovermagazine.com)
- The technique in Reconstructing Indian population history allowed for a resolution of this paradox by sifting through the variation and extracting out the ancestral components. (discovermagazine.com)
- Complex historical factors have resulted in varying proportions of ancestral contributions between individuals within and among ethnic groups. (prolekare.cz)
- We developed a panel of 446 ancestry informative markers (AIMs) optimized to estimate ancestral proportions in individuals and populations throughout Latin America. (prolekare.cz)
- One of the aspects of Blaine's comments is the idea that those who attempt to sneak into this project might distort the distribution of ancestral components reported within the African American population. (unz.com)
- Unlike terrestrial animals, where complete containment and isolation is possible, fish are difficult to contain as well as isolate. (typepad.com)
- Although cold maritime settings often provide rich concentrations of aquatic resources that require limited mobility, hunter-gatherers in northern continental environments who subsist on terrestrial mammals must forage across large areas in order to secure highly dispersed and mobile prey. (blogspot.com)
- These islands represent highly distinctive evolutionary settings for terrestrial biotas: they have never been connected to continental landmasses and trans-oceanic founder speciation, followed by varying degrees of in situ cladogenesis, is the primary diversification process [ 3 ]-[ 6 ]. (biomedcentral.com)
- No close similarities were observed between Early Neolithic and Mesolithic European groups in any of the regions studied, with the possible exception of Mediterranean Europe. (blogspot.com)
- My reasoning is that these are three groups with very large N's within the GSS sample and they are well represented across the regions in absolute numbers. (gnxp.com)
- Very large African American populations in the last two cities probably explain correspondingly segregated political strength in Tennessee. (tennesseeanytime.org)
- For example, a recent report to the B.C. Cetacean Sightings Network described a large group of 15-20 porpoises feeding in the same area, with several smaller groups of 3-4 individuals distinguishable within the larger group. (wildwhales.org)
- Some large classical organizations - philharmonics and operas, especially - have had a hard time of it since the Great Recession, with some groups shrinking or laying off players, some shuttering entirely. (artsjournal.com)
- 1990 - " Continued large- scale introductions from areas of the world including Washington State, Scotland, Norway and even eastern Canada would eventually result in the introduction of exotic disease agents of which the potential impact on both cultured and wild salmonids in B.C. could be both biologically damaging to the resources and economically devastating to its user groups . (typepad.com)
- Lions are the only modern large cats that live in groups or prides. (beringia.com)
- Thus, the population of this large land mass is the result of the fusion of intruders of diverse kinds. (lankaweb.com)
- at large gatherings, groups often are seen taking off, circling the area repeatedly, then alighting again. (veloboy.org)
- Some scientists use the term to describe any large-scale population movement, even a one-time trip by animals fleeing a drought or looking for better forage. (nwf.org)
- It efficiently supports large populations of big animals. (whoi.edu)
- The well-known Iron Age and later 'invasions', such as the coming of the Anglo-Saxons, were more like the Norman Conquest - smallish elite groups arrived who sometimes had large cultural impacts, but never amounted to more than a tiny percentage of the subsequent bloodlines in any region. (gnxp.com)
- Globally, harbour porpoises occur mainly over continental shelves in temperate waters of the northern hemisphere, seldom inhabiting water warmer than 16°C. As their name suggests, they prefer shallow inshore areas such as bays, estuaries, and harbours, typically inhabiting waters less than 200 m in depth. (wildwhales.org)
- It's not sensible to screen for something that doesn't occur in your population, [and] it's extraordinarily expensive to do this," Katz added. (the-scientist.com)
- Today, Asian Canadians form a significant minority within the population, and over 5 million Asians call Canada their home. (wikipedia.org)
- While problem accumulation declined in all but one group, i.e., male daily smokers, the difference between them and the group of occasional smokers and non-smokers was not significant. (biomedcentral.com)
- Pre-Vijayan Sri Lanka had a significant part of its population formed of these early people ""…" called Veddhas in historical writings. (lankaweb.com)
- As a crude measure, I looked for ridings where one of the groups made up a significant portion of the population. (typepad.com)
- 2003). Unlike epigean (aboveground) environments, caves completely lack light and may have relatively constant air and water temperatures (except during flooding). (eaglehill.us)
- If environmental conditions are right, a portion of a local population will migrate downstream to estuaries or nearshore marine environments. (constantcontact.com)
- Thus, it appears that the high distances of the Niger-Congo group are indicative of its biological distinctiveness, whereas the high distances of the Natufians are due to the small sample size. (blogspot.com)
- People from many walks of life-including small-business owners, academics, civic leaders, representatives of faith groups, and commercial and recreational fishermen-joined the event to say that they want President Barack Obama to designate these special places, collectively, as the first national marine monument on the U.S. Atlantic coast. (pewtrusts.org)
- Where previously poachers were subsistence or small-scale operators, now, organized groups engage in ruthless killing sprees. (awf.org)
- By stark contrast, Democratic Party strength is primarily concentrated within a small "core" group of four major urban areas that includes Knoxville, Chattanooga, Memphis and Nashville. (tennesseeanytime.org)
- In the wild, the Puna Teal lives in small groups of its own kind such as the closely related Silver Teal. (veloboy.org)
- Southern resident killer whales are critically endangered, due to their small population size, reliance on endangered or threatened salmon runs for prey, high toxin loads and sensitivity to boat disturbance. (wildwhales.org)
- Cashes Ledge's kelp forest shelters ocean wildlife and can help depleted fish populations recover. (pewtrusts.org)
- After reaching a nadir of 730,000 in the years between 1620 and 1625, native Mexicans had begun to adjust biologically to European and African presence by generating immunities to Old World infections, which allowed them (unlike their counterparts in Hispaniola and elsewhere) to recover slowly from the epidemiological impact of conquest. (activehistory.ca)
- At the close of the last ice age, towering continental glaciers slowly retreated northward, while populations of marine threespine stickleback fish ( Gasterosteus aculeatus ) began adapting to countless new bodies of fresh water in low-lying coastal areas. (fredhutch.org)
- Three quarters of Italy's over-75 population is entrenched in non-coastal countryside, forbearers of an inland nation that once depended on agriculture alone. (theamericanmag.com)
- They're ironically worse off than the destitute populations of tsunami-lashed Bangladesh and Indonesia, who belonged to social units still united by generations of coastal industry. (theamericanmag.com)
- Unlike their fully anadromous counterparts which overwinter in the ocean, sea-run Coastal Cutthroat Trout return to freshwater to overwinter. (constantcontact.com)
- The need to assess the status of this important subspecies was identified by the Coastal Cutthroat Trout Interagency Committee , an interagency working group with member agencies from throughout the trout's native range. (constantcontact.com)
- Private payrolls are back to the level of '97, and adjusting for population there are fewer private payroll jobs per capita than the late '80s to early '90s. (safehaven.com)
- However, the accumulation of material problems and health-risk behaviours by daily smokers and occasional smokers/non-smokers did not change significantly and all groups had fewer problems in 2013 than in 1999. (biomedcentral.com)
- Fewer than six percent of the bans (at 118 crossings) were nighttime-only, typically from 6:30 PM to 6:30 AM. The "Study Group" of 2,122 crossings were located in 227 cities in 27 states. (nonoise.org)
- Despite the legendary allusions to the Veddhas in the Mahavamsa ""…" about their bastard origins following the misalliance of Kuveni and Prince Vijaya ""…" it is clear that while these people, too, stood "ƒ"¹…"outside the mainstream of history' in being confined to their forest fastnesses , they did mix with the "ƒ"¹…"civilized' majority and their ancient genes are found significantly in contemporary populations. (lankaweb.com)
- Greater Scaup are common throughout their range, but their populations are rapidly declining. (allaboutbirds.org)
- The phenomenon you describe is basically a product of underrepresentation of cities, especially rapidly growing cities, and the concentration of said ethnic groups in those cities. (typepad.com)
- Common birds in steep decline are those that have seen a 50% loss of their population in the last 40 years. (allaboutbirds.org)
- 2 The State of the Birds 2014 at a Glance One hundred years after the extinction of the Passenger Pigeon, the nation s top bird scientists from conservation groups and agencies have come together again to publish the fifth State of the Birds report. (docplayer.net)
- 14 The State of the Birds habitat indicators are based on extensive reviews of population trend data from long-term monitoring. (docplayer.net)
- Of these, many are continental birds from around the Baltic and Siberia. (veloboy.org)
- Two distinctive groups were consistently detected corresponding to COI haplotypes from each region. (biomedcentral.com)
- Based on this, he considers that the 'English' haplotypes are more closely related to those of the Low Countries than to the 'Iberian' haplotypes which prevail in the 'Celtic fringe', but that the divergences from the Continental types must go back much further in time than the Anglo-Saxon migrations. (gnxp.com)
- Analysis of morphological variability in the Near East and Europe (here and in Pinhasi 2003) suggests that the Epipalaeolithic populations from the Natufian Levant were noticeably different to the Mesolithic populations described from the Danube Gorge, the western Mediterranean, and central Europe. (blogspot.com)
- Finally, we genotyped samples from 18 populations from Latin America using the AIMs panel and estimated variability in ancestry within and between these populations. (prolekare.cz)
- As of 2011, South Asians alone make up over 15 percent of the Greater Toronto Area's population, and are projected to make up 24 percent of the region's population by 2031. (wikipedia.org)
- The ethnic population balance is shifting from White Southerners to Blacks, Hispanics and Asians. (crookedtimber.org)
- The soft tissue thickness in these points were initially found and compared with age, sex and nutritional status, and with another populations data worldwide. (bvsalud.org)
- A specific subset of subclades appear to have expanded together during the Iron Age from southern Scandinavia (Denmark and Scania) and are now found in all North and West Germanic populations (East Germanics may have originated in another part of Scandinavia). (eupedia.com)
- They can occasionally be found in larger groups, although most researchers think these aggregations are the result of a number of smaller groups or individuals congregating in an area to take advantage of a particularly rich food source rather than for social reasons. (wildwhales.org)
- Unlike all other etymological dictionaries, I have found about 15-20 Gothic loanwords borrowed into Dacian (or Proto-Romanian) in the first half of the the first millenium AD. (limbaromana.org)
- Balaenoptera borealis are part of the Rorquals , a group of baleen whales which include the largest animals on Earth. (naturecanada.ca)
- In contrast with dolphins and other porpoises, harbour porpoises are fairly solitary animals that generally travel in groups of one to three individuals. (wildwhales.org)
- Hunting distance and male food provisioning of women seem to be at a maximum in a special kind of Arctic environment: 'continental' steppe-tundra, where almost all food is in the form of highly dispersed and mobile game animals. (blogspot.com)
- However, not everybody is convinced that higher productivity will necessarily translate into more concentrated populations of larger animals at polynyas. (scientificamerican.com)
- And gov't payrolls over the past two decades have grown at twice the population/labor force growth rate. (safehaven.com)
- Now that local and state employment is necessarily being cut along with no growth or continuing contraction of private payrolls, and were OR gov't payrolls to converge with the differential rate of growth to private payrolls and population/labor force growth, OR gov't payrolls will be cut by 30-31% over the coming decade, implying further a similar cut in local and state budgets. (safehaven.com)
- Extrapolating further at the trend rate of population growth, the per-capita reduction in gov't payrolls and spending will be around 40%, matching what is likely to be the same decline per capita in oil production/consumption, bank lending (and overall value of US assets), and US GDP (and states' GSP) that otherwise would have occurred from the '00 peak rate had the long-term trend rate occurred. (safehaven.com)
- Although much is unknown about Sei Whales, their habitats are primarily pelagic (open water) locations associated with continental shelves. (naturecanada.ca)
- A clan is a group of pods that share similar calls or dialects, indicating that they share a common ancestry and a more closely related to each other than to whales in other clans. (wildwhales.org)
- Anna Hall, a graduate student studying harbour porpoises in southern British Columbia, observed that groups of two adults and a calf were common, especially in the summer and early fall months. (wildwhales.org)
- However, adjusting for OR population growth, payroll employment is back to the level of the early '90s. (safehaven.com)
- The following chart civilian employment-population ratio has declined to a point last seen in the early 1980's. (safehaven.com)
- During the 1960's, a wave of whaling took the Sei Whale's global population from between 58 000 to 62 000 individuals to between 7 260 and 12 260 individuals by 1974. (naturecanada.ca)
- This research aimed to create a database for facial soft tissue thickness in living individuals of a specific Brazilian population, according to age, sex and body mass index. (bvsalud.org)
- Hunting could also impact the population, although the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service carefully manages duck hunting and limits the number of individuals hunters can take every year based on population size. (allaboutbirds.org)