The geographic area of the southeastern region of the United States in general or when the specific state or states are not included. The states usually included in this region are Alabama, Arkansas, Florida, Georgia, Louisiana, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, West Virginia, and Virginia.
The geographic area of the southwestern region of the United States. The states usually included in this region are Arizona, California, Colorado, Nevada, New Mexico, Texas, and Utah.
Ongoing scrutiny of a population (general population, study population, target population, etc.), generally using methods distinguished by their practicability, uniformity, and frequently their rapidity, rather than by complete accuracy.
The geographic area of the midwestern region of the United States in general or when the specific state or states are not indicated. The states usually included in this region are Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Kentucky, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, Ohio, Oklahoma, North Dakota, South Dakota and Wisconsin.
The geographic area of the northwestern region of the United States. The states usually included in this region are Idaho, Montana, Oregon, Washington, and Wyoming.
The number of new cases of a given disease during a given period in a specified population. It also is used for the rate at which new events occur in a defined population. It is differentiated from PREVALENCE, which refers to all cases, new or old, in the population at a given time.
Persons living in the United States of Mexican (MEXICAN AMERICANS), Puerto Rican, Cuban, Central or South American, or other Spanish culture or origin. The concept does not include Brazilian Americans or Portuguese Americans.
The total number of cases of a given disease in a specified population at a designated time. It is differentiated from INCIDENCE, which refers to the number of new cases in the population at a given time.
Individuals whose ancestral origins are in the continent of Europe.
An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.
A group of people with a common cultural heritage that sets them apart from others in a variety of social relationships.
An agency of the UNITED STATES PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE that conducts and supports programs for the prevention and control of disease and provides consultation and assistance to health departments and other countries.
Groups of individuals whose putative ancestry is from native continental populations based on similarities in physical appearance.
An agency of the PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE concerned with the overall planning, promoting, and administering of programs pertaining to maintaining standards of quality of foods, drugs, therapeutic devices, etc.
The largest country in North America, comprising 10 provinces and three territories. Its capital is Ottawa.
The process of leaving one's country to establish residence in a foreign country.
Persons living in the United States having origins in any of the black groups of Africa.
Sudden increase in the incidence of a disease. The concept includes EPIDEMICS and PANDEMICS.
The frequency of different ages or age groups in a given population. The distribution may refer to either how many or what proportion of the group. The population is usually patients with a specific disease but the concept is not restricted to humans and is not restricted to medicine.
Age as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or the effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from AGING, a physiological process, and TIME FACTORS which refers only to the passage of time.
An infant during the first month after birth.
A systematic collection of factual data pertaining to health and disease in a human population within a given geographic area.
Systematic gathering of data for a particular purpose from various sources, including questionnaires, interviews, observation, existing records, and electronic devices. The process is usually preliminary to statistical analysis of the data.
Social and economic factors that characterize the individual or group within the social structure.
A group of islands in the Lesser Antilles in the West Indies, the three main islands being St. Croix, St. Thomas, and St. John. The capital is Charlotte Amalie. Before 1917 the U.S. Virgin Islands were held by the Danish and called the Danish West Indies but the name was changed when the United States acquired them by purchase.
Individuals whose ancestral origins are in the continent of Africa.
Time period from 1901 through 2000 of the common era.
A cabinet department in the Executive Branch of the United States Government concerned with improving and maintaining farm income and developing and expanding markets for agricultural products. Through inspection and grading services it safeguards and insures standards of quality in food supply and production.
The geographic area of New England in general and when the specific state or states are not indicated. States usually included in this region are Maine, New Hampshire, Vermont, Massachusetts, Connecticut, and Rhode Island.
Aspects of health and disease related to travel.
Maleness or femaleness as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from SEX CHARACTERISTICS, anatomical or physiological manifestations of sex, and from SEX DISTRIBUTION, the number of males and females in given circumstances.
A center in the PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE which is primarily concerned with the collection, analysis, and dissemination of health statistics on vital events and health activities to reflect the health status of people, health needs, and health resources.
The number of males and females in a given population. The distribution may refer to how many men or women or what proportion of either in the group. The population is usually patients with a specific disease but the concept is not restricted to humans and is not restricted to medicine.
A systematic collection of factual data pertaining to the nutritional status of a human population within a given geographic area. Data from these surveys are used in preparing NUTRITION ASSESSMENTS.
An island in the Greater Antilles in the West Indies. Its capital is San Juan. It is a self-governing commonwealth in union with the United States. It was discovered by Columbus in 1493 but no colonization was attempted until 1508. It belonged to Spain until ceded to the United States in 1898. It became a commonwealth with autonomy in internal affairs in 1952. Columbus named the island San Juan for St. John's Day, the Monday he arrived, and the bay Puerto Rico, rich harbor. The island became Puerto Rico officially in 1932. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p987 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p436)
Comparison of various psychological, sociological, or cultural factors in order to assess the similarities or diversities occurring in two or more different cultures or societies.
A cabinet department in the Executive Branch of the United States Government concerned with administering those agencies and offices having programs pertaining to health and human services.
Statistical measures of utilization and other aspects of the provision of health care services including hospitalization and ambulatory care.
Studies in which the presence or absence of disease or other health-related variables are determined in each member of the study population or in a representative sample at one particular time. This contrasts with LONGITUDINAL STUDIES which are followed over a period of time.
Persons living in the United States having origins in any of the original peoples of the Far East, Southeast Asia, or the Indian subcontinent.
Branch of medicine concerned with the prevention and control of disease and disability, and the promotion of physical and mental health of the population on the international, national, state, or municipal level.
Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.
All deaths reported in a given population.
Used for general articles concerning statistics of births, deaths, marriages, etc.
A cancer registry mandated under the National Cancer Act of 1971 to operate and maintain a population-based cancer reporting system, reporting periodically estimates of cancer incidence and mortality in the United States. The Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) Program is a continuing project of the National Cancer Institute of the National Institutes of Health. Among its goals, in addition to assembling and reporting cancer statistics, are the monitoring of annual cancer incident trends and the promoting of studies designed to identify factors amenable to cancer control interventions. (From National Cancer Institute, NIH Publication No. 91-3074, October 1990)
Studies used to test etiologic hypotheses in which inferences about an exposure to putative causal factors are derived from data relating to characteristics of persons under study or to events or experiences in their past. The essential feature is that some of the persons under study have the disease or outcome of interest and their characteristics are compared with those of unaffected persons.
Divisions of the year according to some regularly recurrent phenomena usually astronomical or climatic. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)
The degree to which individuals are inhibited or facilitated in their ability to gain entry to and to receive care and services from the health care system. Factors influencing this ability include geographic, architectural, transportational, and financial considerations, among others.
People who leave their place of residence in one country and settle in a different country.
Studies in which subsets of a defined population are identified. These groups may or may not be exposed to factors hypothesized to influence the probability of the occurrence of a particular disease or other outcome. Cohorts are defined populations which, as a whole, are followed in an attempt to determine distinguishing subgroup characteristics.
Variation in rates of disease occurrence and disabilities between population groups defined by socioeconomic characteristics such as age, ethnicity, economic resources, or gender and populations identified geographically or similar measures.
A geographical area of the United States comprising the District of Columbia, Delaware, Maryland, New Jersey, New York, and Pennsylvania.
Statistical models which describe the relationship between a qualitative dependent variable (that is, one which can take only certain discrete values, such as the presence or absence of a disease) and an independent variable. A common application is in epidemiology for estimating an individual's risk (probability of a disease) as a function of a given risk factor.
Predetermined sets of questions used to collect data - clinical data, social status, occupational group, etc. The term is often applied to a self-completed survey instrument.
Professional society representing the field of medicine.
The confinement of a patient in a hospital.
The status during which female mammals carry their developing young (EMBRYOS or FETUSES) in utero before birth, beginning from FERTILIZATION to BIRTH.
The science dealing with the earth and its life, especially the description of land, sea, and air and the distribution of plant and animal life, including humanity and human industries with reference to the mutual relations of these elements. (From Webster, 3d ed)
Process of cultural change in which one group or members of a group assimilate various cultural patterns from another.
Acute illnesses, usually affecting the GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT, brought on by consuming contaminated food or beverages. Most of these diseases are infectious, caused by a variety of bacteria, viruses, or parasites that can be foodborne. Sometimes the diseases are caused by harmful toxins from the microbes or other chemicals present in the food. Especially in the latter case, the condition is often called food poisoning.
Persons living in the United States of Mexican descent.
Damage inflicted on the body as the direct or indirect result of an external force, with or without disruption of structural continuity.
Organized periodic procedures performed on large groups of people for the purpose of detecting disease.
Statistical interpretation and description of a population with reference to distribution, composition, or structure.
Telephone surveys are conducted to monitor prevalence of the major behavioral risks among adults associated with premature MORBIDITY and MORTALITY. The data collected is in regard to actual behaviors, rather than on attitudes or knowledge. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) established the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS) in 1984.
The qualitative or quantitative estimation of the likelihood of adverse effects that may result from exposure to specified health hazards or from the absence of beneficial influences. (Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 1988)
Federal program, created by Public Law 89-97, Title XVIII-Health Insurance for the Aged, a 1965 amendment to the Social Security Act, that provides health insurance benefits to persons over the age of 65 and others eligible for Social Security benefits. It consists of two separate but coordinated programs: hospital insurance (MEDICARE PART A) and supplementary medical insurance (MEDICARE PART B). (Hospital Administration Terminology, AHA, 2d ed and A Discursive Dictionary of Health Care, US House of Representatives, 1976)
The actual costs of providing services related to the delivery of health care, including the costs of procedures, therapies, and medications. It is differentiated from HEALTH EXPENDITURES, which refers to the amount of money paid for the services, and from fees, which refers to the amount charged, regardless of cost.
The quality or state of relating to or affecting two or more nations. (After Merriam-Webster Collegiate Dictionary, 10th ed)
Inhaling and exhaling the smoke of burning TOBACCO.
Differences in access to or availability of medical facilities and services.
The legal authority or formal permission from authorities to carry on certain activities which by law or regulation require such permission. It may be applied to licensure of institutions as well as individuals.
Insurance providing coverage of medical, surgical, or hospital care in general or for which there is no specific heading.
The systems and processes involved in the establishment, support, management, and operation of registers, e.g., disease registers.
Extensive collections, reputedly complete, of facts and data garnered from material of a specialized subject area and made available for analysis and application. The collection can be automated by various contemporary methods for retrieval. The concept should be differentiated from DATABASES, BIBLIOGRAPHIC which is restricted to collections of bibliographic references.
Includes the spectrum of human immunodeficiency virus infections that range from asymptomatic seropositivity, thru AIDS-related complex (ARC), to acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS).
A subgroup having special characteristics within a larger group, often bound together by special ties which distinguish it from the larger group.
An acute viral infection in humans involving the respiratory tract. It is marked by inflammation of the NASAL MUCOSA; the PHARYNX; and conjunctiva, and by headache and severe, often generalized, myalgia.
Revenues or receipts accruing from business enterprise, labor, or invested capital.
The amounts spent by individuals, groups, nations, or private or public organizations for total health care and/or its various components. These amounts may or may not be equivalent to the actual costs (HEALTH CARE COSTS) and may or may not be shared among the patient, insurers, and/or employers.
Administration of vaccines to stimulate the host's immune response. This includes any preparation intended for active immunological prophylaxis.
The relationships of groups of organisms as reflected by their genetic makeup.
A set of techniques used when variation in several variables has to be studied simultaneously. In statistics, multivariate analysis is interpreted as any analytic method that allows simultaneous study of two or more dependent variables.
Time period from 2001 through 2100 of the common era.
Decisions, usually developed by government policymakers, for determining present and future objectives pertaining to the health care system.
Factors which produce cessation of all vital bodily functions. They can be analyzed from an epidemiologic viewpoint.
Based on known statistical data, the number of years which any person of a given age may reasonably expected to live.
Elements of residence that characterize a population. They are applicable in determining need for and utilization of health services.
The interchange of goods or commodities, especially on a large scale, between different countries or between populations within the same country. It includes trade (the buying, selling, or exchanging of commodities, whether wholesale or retail) and business (the purchase and sale of goods to make a profit). (From Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed, p411, p2005 & p283)
A course or method of action selected, usually by a government, from among alternatives to guide and determine present and future decisions.
An office in the Department of Labor responsible for developing and establishing occupational safety and health standards.
Evaluation undertaken to assess the results or consequences of management and procedures used in combating disease in order to determine the efficacy, effectiveness, safety, and practicability of these interventions in individual cases or series.
Disorders related to substance abuse.
A constituent organization of the DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES concerned with protecting and improving the health of the nation.
Persons including soldiers involved with the armed forces.
The number of births in a given population per year or other unit of time.
New abnormal growth of tissue. Malignant neoplasms show a greater degree of anaplasia and have the properties of invasion and metastasis, compared to benign neoplasms.
The exposure to potentially harmful chemical, physical, or biological agents in the environment or to environmental factors that may include ionizing radiation, pathogenic organisms, or toxic chemicals.
The level of governmental organization and function below that of the national or country-wide government.
Healthy People Programs are a set of health objectives to be used by governments, communities, professional organizations, and others to help develop programs to improve health. It builds on initiatives pursued over the past two decades beginning with the 1979 Surgeon General's Report, Healthy People, Healthy People 2000: National Health Promotion and Disease Prevention Objectives, and Healthy People 2010. These established national health objectives and served as the basis for the development of state and community plans. These are administered by the Office of Disease Prevention and Health Promotion (ODPHP). Similar programs are conducted by other national governments.
Physicians who hold degrees from medical schools in countries other than the ones in which they practice.
Educational attainment or level of education of individuals.
Generally refers to the amount of protection available and the kind of loss which would be paid for under an insurance contract with an insurer. (Slee & Slee, Health Care Terms, 2d ed)
Individuals licensed to practice medicine.
Individual members of North American ethnic groups with ancient historic ancestral origins in Asia.
Patterns of practice related to diagnosis and treatment as especially influenced by cost of the service requested and provided.
The killing of one person by another.
A situation in which the level of living of an individual, family, or group is below the standard of the community. It is often related to a specific income level.
The ratio of two odds. The exposure-odds ratio for case control data is the ratio of the odds in favor of exposure among cases to the odds in favor of exposure among noncases. The disease-odds ratio for a cohort or cross section is the ratio of the odds in favor of disease among the exposed to the odds in favor of disease among the unexposed. The prevalence-odds ratio refers to an odds ratio derived cross-sectionally from studies of prevalent cases.
The concept concerned with all aspects of providing and distributing health services to a patient population.
The prediction or projection of the nature of future problems or existing conditions based upon the extrapolation or interpretation of existing scientific data or by the application of scientific methodology.
Procedures for finding the mathematical function which best describes the relationship between a dependent variable and one or more independent variables. In linear regression (see LINEAR MODELS) the relationship is constrained to be a straight line and LEAST-SQUARES ANALYSIS is used to determine the best fit. In logistic regression (see LOGISTIC MODELS) the dependent variable is qualitative rather than continuously variable and LIKELIHOOD FUNCTIONS are used to find the best relationship. In multiple regression, the dependent variable is considered to depend on more than a single independent variable.
An agency in the Executive Branch of the Federal Government. It was created as an independent regulatory agency responsible for the implementation of federal laws designed to protect the environment. Its mission is to protect human health and the ENVIRONMENT.
Persons fleeing to a place of safety, especially those who flee to a foreign country or power to escape danger or persecution in their own country or habitual residence because of race, religion, or political belief. (Webster, 3d ed)
The personal cost of acute or chronic disease. The cost to the patient may be an economic, social, or psychological cost or personal loss to self, family, or immediate community. The cost of illness may be reflected in absenteeism, productivity, response to treatment, peace of mind, or QUALITY OF LIFE. It differs from HEALTH CARE COSTS, meaning the societal cost of providing services related to the delivery of health care, rather than personal impact on individuals.
Infectious diseases that are novel in their outbreak ranges (geographic and host) or transmission mode.
Official records of individual deaths including the cause of death certified by a physician, and any other required identifying information.
Process of determining and distinguishing species of bacteria or viruses based on antigens they share.
Accidents on streets, roads, and highways involving drivers, passengers, pedestrians, or vehicles. Traffic accidents refer to AUTOMOBILES (passenger cars, buses, and trucks), BICYCLING, and MOTORCYCLES but not OFF-ROAD MOTOR VEHICLES; RAILROADS nor snowmobiles.
Time period from 1801 through 1900 of the common era.
A method of comparing the cost of a program with its expected benefits in dollars (or other currency). The benefit-to-cost ratio is a measure of total return expected per unit of money spent. This analysis generally excludes consideration of factors that are not measured ultimately in economic terms. Cost effectiveness compares alternative ways to achieve a specific set of results.
The probability that an event will occur. It encompasses a variety of measures of the probability of a generally unfavorable outcome.
Substances that reduce the growth or reproduction of BACTERIA.
Behaviors expressed by individuals to protect, maintain or promote their health status. For example, proper diet, and appropriate exercise are activities perceived to influence health status. Life style is closely associated with health behavior and factors influencing life style are socioeconomic, educational, and cultural.
Activities concerned with governmental policies, functions, etc.
The level of health of the individual, group, or population as subjectively assessed by the individual or by more objective measures.
Small-arms weapons, including handguns, pistols, revolvers, rifles, shotguns, etc.
The genetic constitution of the individual, comprising the ALLELES present at each GENETIC LOCUS.
The smallest continent and an independent country, comprising six states and two territories. Its capital is Canberra.
Knowledge, attitudes, and associated behaviors which pertain to health-related topics such as PATHOLOGIC PROCESSES or diseases, their prevention, and treatment. This term refers to non-health workers and health workers (HEALTH PERSONNEL).
Studies in which variables relating to an individual or group of individuals are assessed over a period of time.
Process that is gone through in order for a drug to receive approval by a government regulatory agency. This includes any required pre-clinical or clinical testing, review, submission, and evaluation of the applications and test results, and post-marketing surveillance of the drug.
Prospective patient listings for appointments or treatments.
A mosquito-borne viral illness caused by the WEST NILE VIRUS, a FLAVIVIRUS and endemic to regions of Africa, Asia, and Europe. Common clinical features include HEADACHE; FEVER; maculopapular rash; gastrointestinal symptoms; and lymphadenopathy. MENINGITIS; ENCEPHALITIS; and MYELITIS may also occur. The disease may occasionally be fatal or leave survivors with residual neurologic deficits. (From Joynt, Clinical Neurology, 1996, Ch26, p13; Lancet 1998 Sep 5;352(9130):767-71)
Administrative units of government responsible for policy making and management of governmental activities.
Laws and regulations concerned with industrial processing and marketing of foods.
Countries that have reached a level of economic achievement through an increase of production, per capita income and consumption, and utilization of natural and human resources.
Enumerations of populations usually recording identities of all persons in every place of residence with age or date of birth, sex, occupation, national origin, language, marital status, income, relation to head of household, information on the dwelling place, education, literacy, health-related data (e.g., permanent disability), etc. The census or "numbering of the people" is mentioned several times in the Old Testament. Among the Romans, censuses were intimately connected with the enumeration of troops before and after battle and probably a military necessity. (From Last, A Dictionary of Epidemiology, 3d ed; Garrison, An Introduction to the History of Medicine, 4th ed, p66, p119)
A range of values for a variable of interest, e.g., a rate, constructed so that this range has a specified probability of including the true value of the variable.
A status with BODY WEIGHT that is grossly above the acceptable or desirable weight, usually due to accumulation of excess FATS in the body. The standards may vary with age, sex, genetic or cultural background. In the BODY MASS INDEX, a BMI greater than 30.0 kg/m2 is considered obese, and a BMI greater than 40.0 kg/m2 is considered morbidly obese (MORBID OBESITY).
The concept pertaining to the health status of inhabitants of the world.
The practice of medicine as applied to special circumstances associated with military operations.
Animate or inanimate sources which normally harbor disease-causing organisms and thus serve as potential sources of disease outbreaks. Reservoirs are distinguished from vectors (DISEASE VECTORS) and carriers, which are agents of disease transmission rather than continuing sources of potential disease outbreaks.
Absolute, comparative, or differential costs pertaining to services, institutions, resources, etc., or the analysis and study of these costs.
The inhabitants of a city or town, including metropolitan areas and suburban areas.
A multistage process that includes cloning, physical mapping, subcloning, determination of the DNA SEQUENCE, and information analysis.
Unforeseen occurrences, especially injuries in the course of work-related activities.
Health care services provided to patients on an ambulatory basis, rather than by admission to a hospital or other health care facility. The services may be a part of a hospital, augmenting its inpatient services, or may be provided at a free-standing facility.
Control of drug and narcotic use by international agreement, or by institutional systems for handling prescribed drugs. This includes regulations concerned with the manufacturing, dispensing, approval (DRUG APPROVAL), and marketing of drugs.
Institutions with an organized medical staff which provide medical care to patients.
The application of molecular biology to the answering of epidemiological questions. The examination of patterns of changes in DNA to implicate particular carcinogens and the use of molecular markers to predict which individuals are at highest risk for a disease are common examples.
The interaction of persons or groups of persons representing various nations in the pursuit of a common goal or interest.
Observation of a population for a sufficient number of persons over a sufficient number of years to generate incidence or mortality rates subsequent to the selection of the study group.
The availability of HEALTH PERSONNEL. It includes the demand and recruitment of both professional and allied health personnel, their present and future supply and distribution, and their assignment and utilization.
A set of statistical methods used to group variables or observations into strongly inter-related subgroups. In epidemiology, it may be used to analyze a closely grouped series of events or cases of disease or other health-related phenomenon with well-defined distribution patterns in relation to time or place or both.
Persons who have acquired academic or specialized training in countries other than that in which they are working. The concept excludes physicians for which FOREIGN MEDICAL GRADUATES is the likely heading.
Regular course of eating and drinking adopted by a person or animal.
Notification or reporting by a physician or other health care provider of the occurrence of specified contagious diseases such as tuberculosis and HIV infections to designated public health agencies. The United States system of reporting notifiable diseases evolved from the Quarantine Act of 1878, which authorized the US Public Health Service to collect morbidity data on cholera, smallpox, and yellow fever; each state in the US has its own list of notifiable diseases and depends largely on reporting by the individual health care provider. (From Segen, Dictionary of Modern Medicine, 1992)
The enactment of laws and ordinances and their regulation by official organs of a nation, state, or other legislative organization. It refers also to health-related laws and regulations in general or for which there is no specific heading.
The administrative procedures involved with acquiring TISSUES or organs for TRANSPLANTATION through various programs, systems, or organizations. These procedures include obtaining consent from TISSUE DONORS and arranging for transportation of donated tissues and organs, after TISSUE HARVESTING, to HOSPITALS for processing and transplantation.
The science, art or practice of cultivating soil, producing crops, and raising livestock.
Authoritative treatises on drugs and preparations, their description, formulation, analytic composition, physical constants, main chemical properties used in identification, standards for strength, purity, and dosage, chemical tests for determining identity and purity, etc. They are usually published under governmental jurisdiction (e.g., USP, the United States Pharmacopoeia; BP, British Pharmacopoeia; P. Helv., the Swiss Pharmacopoeia). They differ from FORMULARIES in that they are far more complete: formularies tend to be mere listings of formulas and prescriptions.
Conversations with an individual or individuals held in order to obtain information about their background and other personal biographical data, their attitudes and opinions, etc. It includes school admission or job interviews.
The presence of co-existing or additional diseases with reference to an initial diagnosis or with reference to the index condition that is the subject of study. Comorbidity may affect the ability of affected individuals to function and also their survival; it may be used as a prognostic indicator for length of hospital stay, cost factors, and outcome or survival.
Collection, analysis, and interpretation of data about the frequency, distribution, and consequences of disease or health conditions, for use in the planning, implementing, and evaluating public health programs.
Undertaking a task involving a challenge for achievement or a desirable goal in which there is a lack of certainty or a fear of failure. It may also include the exhibiting of certain behaviors whose outcomes may present a risk to the individual or to those associated with him or her.
Diseases which have one or more of the following characteristics: they are permanent, leave residual disability, are caused by nonreversible pathological alteration, require special training of the patient for rehabilitation, or may be expected to require a long period of supervision, observation, or care. (Dictionary of Health Services Management, 2d ed)
Exercise of governmental authority to control conduct.
A systematic statement of policy rules or principles. Guidelines may be developed by government agencies at any level, institutions, professional societies, governing boards, or by convening expert panels. The text may be cursive or in outline form but is generally a comprehensive guide to problems and approaches in any field of activity. For guidelines in the field of health care and clinical medicine, PRACTICE GUIDELINES AS TOPIC is available.
Health insurance plans intended to reduce unnecessary health care costs through a variety of mechanisms, including: economic incentives for physicians and patients to select less costly forms of care; programs for reviewing the medical necessity of specific services; increased beneficiary cost sharing; controls on inpatient admissions and lengths of stay; the establishment of cost-sharing incentives for outpatient surgery; selective contracting with health care providers; and the intensive management of high-cost health care cases. The programs may be provided in a variety of settings, such as HEALTH MAINTENANCE ORGANIZATIONS and PREFERRED PROVIDER ORGANIZATIONS.
Genotypic differences observed among individuals in a population.
Sexual activities of humans.
The number of beds which a hospital has been designed and constructed to contain. It may also refer to the number of beds set up and staffed for use.
Postnatal deaths from BIRTH to 365 days after birth in a given population. Postneonatal mortality represents deaths between 28 days and 365 days after birth (as defined by National Center for Health Statistics). Neonatal mortality represents deaths from birth to 27 days after birth.
Innovation and improvement of the health care system by reappraisal, amendment of services, and removal of faults and abuses in providing and distributing health services to patients. It includes a re-alignment of health services and health insurance to maximum demographic elements (the unemployed, indigent, uninsured, elderly, inner cities, rural areas) with reference to coverage, hospitalization, pricing and cost containment, insurers' and employers' costs, pre-existing medical conditions, prescribed drugs, equipment, and services.
A species of FLAVIVIRUS, one of the Japanese encephalitis virus group (ENCEPHALITIS VIRUSES, JAPANESE). It can infect birds and mammals. In humans, it is seen most frequently in Africa, Asia, and Europe presenting as a silent infection or undifferentiated fever (WEST NILE FEVER). The virus appeared in North America for the first time in 1999. It is transmitted mainly by CULEX spp mosquitoes which feed primarily on birds, but it can also be carried by the Asian Tiger mosquito, AEDES albopictus, which feeds mainly on mammals.
Health services required by a population or community as well as the health services that the population or community is able and willing to pay for.
Studies in which individuals or populations are followed to assess the outcome of exposures, procedures, or effects of a characteristic, e.g., occurrence of disease.

Racing problems in the U.S.A. (1/58711)

The major problems of racing in the United States at the present time are caused by too much racing. This has led to too few horses and small fields. Consequently many owners and trainers are trying to enter their horses too frequently and to race them when they are not really fit to run. The desire to race horses as frequently as possible has led to constant pressure from horsemen through their organizations for so called "permissive medication". Started in the state of Colorado approximately ten years ago this has grown until finally there are only a few states, notably New York and New Jersey that have resisted the pressure. The drug that gave the opening wedge to permissive medication was phenylbutazone, but this in many states has led to the inclusion of other drugs including analgesics and drugs that veterinarians claim are needed for therapeutic purposes. Some states have endeavoured to control phenylbutazone medication by quantitation and while lower limits cause little difficulty, maximum allowable limits have caused problems and are not practical. While there has been no publicity to my knowledge about frusemide (furosemide, lasix) the abuse of this drug for so called "bleeders" is an example that may seriously interfere with drug detection in urine and its use should be confined to proven "bleeders" (i.e. horses suffering from epistaxis). Pre-race blood testing began roughly ten years ago at the harness tracks and has been resisted by our flat tracks rather successfully up to the present time. The blood testing methods and those used by the same laboratories in post-race urine testing is inadequate and will not detect many illegal drugs.  (+info)

Myths, models and mitigation of resistance to pesticides. (2/58711)

Resistance to pesticides in arthropod pests is a significant economic, ecological and public health problem. Although extensive research has been conducted on diverse aspects of pesticide resistance and we have learned a great deal during the past 50 years, to some degree the discussion about 'resistance management' has been based on 'myths'. One myth involves the belief that we can manage resistance. I will maintain that we can only attempt to mitigate resistance because resistance is a natural evolutionary response to environmental stresses. As such, resistance will remain an ongoing dilemma in pest management and we can only delay the onset of resistance to pesticides. 'Resistance management' models and tactics have been much discussed but have been tested and deployed in practical pest management programmes with only limited success. Yet the myth persists that better models will provide a 'solution' to the problem. The reality is that success in using mitigation models is limited because these models are applied to inappropriate situations in which the critical genetic, ecological, biological or logistic assumptions cannot be met. It is difficult to predict in advance which model is appropriate to a particular situation; if the model assumptions cannot be met, applying the model sometimes can increase the rate of resistance development rather than slow it down. Are there any solutions? I believe we already have one. Unfortunately, it is not a simple or easy one to deploy. It involves employing effective agronomic practices to develop and maintain a healthy crop, monitoring pest densities, evaluating economic injury levels so that pesticides are applied only when necessary, deploying and conserving biological control agents, using host-plant resistance, cultural controls of the pest, biorational pest controls, and genetic control methods. As a part of a truly multi-tactic strategy, it is crucial to evaluate the effect of pesticides on natural enemies in order to preserve them in the cropping system. Sometimes, pesticide-resistant natural enemies are effective components of this resistance mitigation programme. Another name for this resistance mitigation model is integrated pest management (IPM). This complex model was outlined in some detail nearly 40 years ago by V. M. Stern and colleagues. To deploy the IPM resistance mitigation model, we must admit that pest management and resistance mitigation programmes are not sustainable if based on a single-tactic strategy. Delaying resistance, whether to traditional pesticides or to transgenic plants containing toxin genes from Bacillus thuringiensis, will require that we develop multi-tactic pest management programmes that incorporate all appropriate pest management approaches. Because pesticides are limited resources, and their loss can result in significant social and economic costs, they should be reserved for situations where they are truly needed--as tools to subdue an unexpected pest population outbreak. Effective multi-tactic IPM programmes delay resistance (= mitigation) because the number and rates of pesticide applications will be reduced.  (+info)

Bioterrorism alleging use of anthrax and interim guidelines for management--United States, 1998. (3/58711)

From October 30 through December 23, 1998, CDC received reports of a series of bioterroristic threats of anthrax exposure. Letters alleged to contain anthrax were sent to health clinics on October 30, 1998, in Indiana, Kentucky, and Tennessee. During December 17-23 in California, a letter alleged to contain anthrax was sent to a private business, and three telephone threats of anthrax contamination of ventilation systems were made to private and public buildings. All threats were hoaxes and are under investigation by the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) and local law enforcement officials. The public health implications of these threats were investigated to assist in developing national public health guidelines for responding to bioterrorism. This report summarizes the findings of these investigations and provides interim guidance for public health authorities on bioterrorism related to anthrax.  (+info)

Physician advice and individual behaviors about cardiovascular disease risk reduction--seven states and Puerto Rico, 1997. (4/58711)

Cardiovascular disease (CVD) (e.g., heart disease and stroke) is the leading cause of death in the United States and accounted for 959,227 deaths in 1996. Strategies to reduce the risk for heart disease and stroke include lifestyle changes (e.g., eating fewer high-fat and high-cholesterol foods) and increasing physical activity. The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force and the American Heart Association (AHA) recommend that, as part of a preventive health examination, all primary-care providers counsel their patients about a healthy diet and regular physical activity. AHA also recommends low-dose aspirin use as a secondary preventive measure among persons with existing CVD. To determine the prevalence of physician counseling about cardiovascular health and changes in individual behaviors, CDC analyzed data from the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS) for seven states and Puerto Rico. This report summarizes the results of that analysis, which indicate a lower prevalence of counseling and behavior change among persons without than with a history of heart disease or stroke.  (+info)

Cardiovascular disease in insulin dependent diabetes mellitus: similar rates but different risk factors in the US compared with Europe. (5/58711)

BACKGROUND: Cardiovascular disease (CVD) in insulin dependent diabetes mellitus (IDDM) has been linked to renal disease. However, little is known concerning international variation in the correlations with hyperglycaemia and standard CVD risk factors. METHODS: A cross-sectional comparison was made of prevalence rates and risk factor associations in two large studies of IDDM subjects: the Pittsburgh Epidemiology of Diabetes Complications Study (EDC) and the EURODIAB IDDM Complications Study from 31 centres in Europe. Subgroups of each were chosen to be comparable by age and duration of diabetes. The EDC population comprises 286 men (mean duration 20.1 years) and 281 women (mean duration 19.9 years); EURODIAB 608 men (mean duration 18.1 years) and 607 women (mean duration 18.9 years). The mean age of both populations was 28 years. Cardiovascular disease was defined by a past medical history of myocardial infarction, angina, and/or the Minnesota ECG codes (1.1-1.3, 4.1-4.3, 5.1-5.3, 7.1). RESULTS: Overall prevalence of CVD was similar in the two populations (i.e. men 8.6% versus 8.0%, women 7.4% versus 8.5%, EURODIAB versus EDC respectively), although EDC women had a higher prevalence of angina (3.9% versus 0.5%, P < 0.001). Multivariate modelling suggests that glycaemic control (HbA1c) is not related to CVD in men. Age and high density lipoprotein cholesterol predict CVD in EURODIAB, while triglycerides and hypertension predict CVD in EDC. For women in both populations, age and hypertension (or renal disease) are independent predictors. HbA1c is also an independent predictor-inversely in EURODIAB women (P < 0.008) and positively in EDC women (P = 0.03). Renal disease was more strongly linked to CVD in EDC than in EURODIAB. CONCLUSIONS: Despite a similar prevalence of CVD, risk factor associations appear to differ in the two study populations. Glycaemic control (HbA1c) does not show a consistent or strong relationship to CVD.  (+info)

Novel endotheliotropic herpesviruses fatal for Asian and African elephants. (6/58711)

A highly fatal hemorrhagic disease has been identified in 10 young Asian and African elephants at North American zoos. In the affected animals there was ultrastructural evidence for herpesvirus-like particles in endothelial cells of the heart, liver, and tongue. Consensus primer polymerase chain reaction combined with sequencing yielded molecular evidence that confirmed the presence of two novel but related herpesviruses associated with the disease, one in Asian elephants and another in African elephants. Otherwise healthy African elephants with external herpetic lesions yielded herpesvirus sequences identical to that found in Asian elephants with endothelial disease. This finding suggests that the Asian elephant deaths were caused by cross-species infection with a herpesvirus that is naturally latent in, but normally not lethal to, African elephants. A reciprocal relationship may exist for the African elephant disease.  (+info)

Prevalence of peripheral arterial disease and associated risk factors in American Indians: the Strong Heart Study. (7/58711)

Studies of peripheral arterial disease (PAD) in minority populations provide researchers with an opportunity to evaluate PAD risk factors and disease severity under different types of conditions. Examination 1 of the Strong Heart Study (1989-1992) provided data on the prevalence of PAD and its risk factors in a sample of American Indians. Participants (N = 4,549) represented 13 tribes located in three geographically diverse centers in the Dakotas, Oklahoma, and Arizona. Participants in this epidemiologic study were aged 45-74 years; 60% were women. Using the single criterion of an ankle brachial index less than 0.9 to define PAD, the prevalence of PAD was approximately 5.3% across centers, with women having slightly higher rates than men. Factors significantly associated with PAD in univariate analyses for both men and women included age, systolic blood pressure, hemoglobin A1c level, albuminuria, fibrinogen level, fasting glucose level, prevalence of diabetes mellitus, and duration of diabetes. Multiple logistic regression analyses were used to predict PAD for women and men combined. Age, systolic blood pressure, current cigarette smoking, pack-years of smoking, albuminuria (micro- and macro-), low density lipoprotein cholesterol level, and fibrinogen level were significantly positively associated with PAD. Current alcohol consumption was significantly negatively associated with PAD. In American Indians, the association of albuminuria with PAD may equal or exceed the association of cigarette smoking with PAD.  (+info)

Reliability of information on physical activity and other chronic disease risk factors among US women aged 40 years or older. (8/58711)

Data on chronic disease risk behaviors and related variables, including barriers to and attitudes toward physical activity, are lacking for women of some racial/ethnic groups. A test-retest study was conducted from July 1996 through June 1997 among US women (n = 199) aged 40 years or more who were white, black, American Indian/Alaska Native, or Hispanic. The sample was selected and interviews were conducted using a modified version of the methods of the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System. For behavioral risk factors such as physical inactivity, smoking, and low fruit and vegetable consumption, group prevalences were generally similar between interviews 1 and 2. However, kappa values for selected physical activity variables ranged from 0.26 to 0.51 and tended to be lower for black women. Discordance was low for variables on cigarette smoking and exposure to environmental tobacco smoke (kappa = 0.64-0.92). Discordance was high (kappa = 0.33) for low consumption of fruits and vegetables. Additional variables for barriers to and access to exercise ranged widely across racial/ethnic groups and in terms of measures of agreement. These methods illustrate an efficient way to sample and assess the reliability of data collected from women of racial/ethnic minority groups.  (+info)

The First Nations Health Authority (FNHA) is a health service delivery organization responsible for administering a variety of health programs and service for First Nations people living in BC. The FNHA is part of a First Nations Health Governance Structure in BC that includes the First Nations Health Council and First Nations Health Directors Association. The First Nations Health Authority emerged from a number of Tripartite agreements between BC First Nations, the Province of BC, and the Government of Canada that included the Transformative Change Accord: First Nations Health Plan [2006],[1] Tripartite First Nations Health Plan [2007],[2] and the Tripartite Framework Agreement on First Nations Health Governance.[3] A first for Canada, the FNHA is the first province-wide First Nations Health Authority in Canada. The FNHA plans, designs, manages and funds the delivery of First Nations health programs and services in BC. These community-based services are largely focused on health promotion and ...
The Community Guide is an essential resource for people who want to know what works in public health. The Community Guide provides evidence-based findings from the Community Preventive Services Task Force about community-based programs, services, and policies (interventions) to improve health. The Community Guide contains hundreds of Task Force findings, along with the systematic reviews on which they are based.
Content Source: The Guide to Community Preventive Services. Disclaimer: The findings and conclusions on this page are those of the Community Preventive Services Task Force and do not necessarily represent those of CDC. Task force evidence-based recommendations are not mandates for compliance or spending. Instead, they provide information and options for decision makers and stakeholders to consider when determining which programs, services, and policies best meet the needs, preferences, available resources, and constraints of their constituents.. ...
Topics such as sales and sales revenue overview, production market share by product type, capacity and production overview, import, export, and consumption are covered under the development trend section of the United States Adult and Pediatric Hemoconcentrators Market report.. Lastly, the feasibility analysis of new project investment is done in the report, which consist of a detailed SWOT analysis of the United States Adult and Pediatric Hemoconcentrators Market.. No. of Report Pages: 121. Price (Single User Licence): $ 3800. Purchase the United States Adult and Pediatric Hemoconcentrators Market Report at: About Absolute Reports:. Absolute Reports is an upscale platform to help key personnel in the business world in strategizing and taking visionary decisions based on facts and figures derived from in depth market research. We are one of the top report resellers in the market, dedicated towards bringing you an ingenious concoction of data ...
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It is best to clean the entire surface area of the fabric to avoid water rings and stains.{Shipping} If in stock, most orders ship within 48 hours. If your project is time sensitive please contact us.. A FLAT RATE of $9.99 is offered for all orders under $75.00 shipped within the Continental United States. FREE SHIPPING is offered for all orders over $75.00 shipped within the Continental United States. No Coupon Code required.. FREE Sample Shipping within the Continental United States.. UPS ground and expedited options are also offered for your convenience. For orders shipping outside the Continental United States, UPS rates appear during checkout for you to choose from.. {Samples} You can order a sample of this product by simply clicking the Order Sample button to order 1 sample.. Please note; dye lots colors do vary and the sample you receive may not be cut from the same lot as the fabric you may purchase. Sample Size is approximately 3 x 6.. All sample orders ship free via U.S.P.S. and ...
Heterogeneity in capture probabilities is known to produce bias in the dual system estimates that have been used to estimate census coverage in U.S. Censuses since 1980. Triple system estimation using an administrative records list as a third source along with the census and coverage measurement survey has the potential to produce estimates with less bias. This is particularly important for hard-to-reach populations. The article presents potential statistical methods for the estimation of net census undercount using three systems for obtaining population information: (1) a decennial census; (2) an independent enumeration of the population in a sample of block clusters; and (3) administrative records. The 2010 Census Match Study will create census-like files for the entire nation using federal and commercial sources of administrative records. The 2010 Census Coverage Measurement Survey is an enumeration in a sample of block clusters that is independent of the 2010 decennial Census. ...
No. 1: Comparative Effectiveness of Percutaneous Coronary Interventions and Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting for Patients with Coronary Artery Disease. View final report.. No. 2: Future Research Needs for the Treatment of Common Hip Fractures. View final report.. No. 3: Future Research Needs for the Integration of Mental Health/Substance Abuse and Primary Care. View final report.. No. 4: Future Research Needs for Comparative Effectiveness of Treatments of Localized Prostate Cancer. View final report.. No. 5: Future Research Needs To Reduce the Risk of Primary Breast Cancer in Women. View final report.. No. 6: Future Research Needs for Outcomes of Weight Gain in Pregnancy. View final report.. No. 7: Future Research Needs for the Management of Gestational Diabetes. View final report.. No. 8: Future Research Needs for Angiotensin Converting Enzyme Inhibitors or Angiotensin II Receptor Blockers Added to Standard Medical Therapy for Treating Stable Ischemic Heart Disease. View final report.. No. 9: ...
The East Asian Social Survey (EASS) is a biennial social survey project that serves as a cross-national network of the following four General Social Survey type surveys in East Asia: Chinese General Social Survey (CGSS), Japanese General Social Survey (JGSS), Korean General Social Survey (KGSS), Taiwan Social Change Survey (TSCS), and comparatively examines diverse aspects of social life in these regions. Survey information in this module focuses on family dynamics and includes demographic variables such as the number of family members, the number of younger and older siblings, the number of sons and daughters, and whether family members are alive or deceased. Respondents were also queried about specific information pertaining to family members and children not co-residing with them, such as, sex and birth order, age, marital status, residence status, contact frequency, employment status, and relation to the respondent. Other information collected includes attitudes toward financial support from ...
Free shipping is available to all who live within the continental United States.. • This product can be delivered to certain areas outside the continental United States for a shipping fee. You may add this product to your shopping cart in addition to any other items you wish to purchase, check out, and we will contact you by email or phone with a total shipping charge if you live outside the continental United States (assuming the product can be shipped to your area). You may then decide whether to proceed with your order, as I will not process payment until receiving approval from you for any applicable shipping charges. Alternatively, you may contact me with the product you wish to order and your full mailing address, as I will reply with a shipping quote and availability in your area.. ...
Free shipping is available to all who live within the continental United States.. • This product can be delivered to certain areas outside the continental United States for a shipping fee. You may add this product to your shopping cart in addition to any other items you wish to purchase, check out, and we will contact you by email or phone with a total shipping charge if you live outside the continental United States (assuming the product can be shipped to your area). You may then decide whether to proceed with your order, as I will not process payment until receiving approval from you for any applicable shipping charges. Alternatively, you may contact me with the product you wish to order and your full mailing address, as I will reply with a shipping quote and availability in your area.. ...
Great News - We have a dedicated International Store just for you! It looks like you are visiting from outside the continental United States. If you would like to shop and ship any products outside the continental United States you must order from our International Store. It is optimized specifically for our customers outside of the continental United States. ...
The U.S. Census Bureau released today American Community Surveys five-year estimates for 2014. These data cover information for small area populations and are important in analyzing neighborhood characteristics. The American Community Survey is an...
A new Census Atlas is now available online from the United States Census Bureau Census Atlas of the United States, the first comprehensive atlas of population and housing produced by the Census Bureau since the 1920s. The Census Atlas is a large-format publication about 300 pages long and containing almost 800 maps. Data from decennial censuses prior to 2000 support nearly 150 maps and figures, providing context and an historical perspective for many of the topics presented. A variety of topics are covered in the Census Atlas, ranging from language and ancestry characteristics to housing patterns and the geographic distribution of the population. A majority of the maps in the Census Atlas present data at the county level, but data also are sometimes mapped by state, census tract (for largest cities and metropolitan areas), and for selected American Indian reservations. The book is modern, colorful, and includes a variety of map styles and data symbolization techniques. United States Census ...
The Who, What, and Where of America: Understanding the American Community Survey pulls details from the American Community Survey (ACS) which provides a portrait of America at a certain point in...
In emergency medicine, there is an ongoing debate regarding patients who use the emergency department (ED) as their usual source of medical care-an arguably costly and inefficient pattern of utilization. However, there are few accurate national data on the prevalence of such usage. This analysis uses the 1998 National Health Interview Survey to estimate the number of Americans who name the ED as their usual source of care, and compares their characteristics with those who have a usual source of care other than the ED. Poverty, lack of insurance, younger age, male gender, and minority race or ethnicity predicted identifying the ED as the usual source of care. ...
The Yukon First Nations Health Promotion Spring School 2007 (May 28-June 1) brought together community-based First Nations health resource workers from across the Yukon to develop ways of promoting health on issues of importance to their communities. Participants selected one of the following five priority issues to focus on during the course: diabetes, depression, substance use, food security and residential school.. Working through a 6 step planning process, participants identified key individuals and agencies, background information, goals, objectives, strategies, activities and indicators for each issue. These results are visually presented to be of interest to a range of audiences, both in the video of Spring School 07 and in the main part of this document. Results are also available in report format in the appendix to provide additional details.. This document and an accompanying movie were developed to allow future updates as additional ideas and information become available. The ...
As the nations health protection agency, CDC saves lives and protects people from health, safety, and security threats. As the nations health protection agency, CDC saves lives and protects people from health, safety, and security threats. As the nations health protection agency, CDC saves lives and protects people from health, safety, and security threats. As the nations health protection agency, CDC saves lives and protects people from health, safety, and security threats. As the nations health protection agency, CDC saves lives and protects people from health, safety, and security threats. ...
The American Community Survey (ACS) is a part of the Decennial Census Program, and is designed to produce critical information about the characteristics of local communities. The ACS publishes social, housing, and economic characteristics for demographic groups covering a broad spectrum of geographic areas in the United States and Puerto Rico. Every year the ACS supports the release of single-year estimates for geographic areas with populations of 65,000 or more. Demographic variables include sex, age, relationship, households by type, race, and Hispanic origin. Social characteristics variables include school enrollment, educational attainment, marital status, fertility, grandparents caring for children, veteran status, disability status, residence one year ago, place of birth, United States citizenship status, year of entry, world region of birth of foreign born, language spoken at home, and ancestry. Variables focusing on economic characteristics include employment status, commuting to work, ...
Trend data from 1980 through the most recent year available were analyzed from the mortality component of the National Vital Statistics System and from 3 surveys conducted by the CDC National Center for Health Statistics, that is, the National Health Interview Survey (NHIS), the National Ambulatory Medical Care Survey, and the National Hospital Discharge Survey. Trend data from a fifth source, the National Hospital Ambulatory Medical Care Survey, were available beginning in 1992. The analysis included nationally representative samples of households health care visits and data compiled from death certificates for children 0 to 17 years of age. Analyses of recent data were stratified according to age group (0-4, 5-10, or 11-17 years), gender, and, when possible, race/ethnicity. Data for 2004-2005, the most recent period available for all data sets, were used to obtain stable estimates. Available race/ethnicity data ranged from broad categories of race (white or black) for the National Hospital ...
For an article about 1880 census population schedules available for free online at FamilySearch Historical Record Collections see the U.S. Census Population Schedules, 1880 Wiki page. (subscription site) has indexes and images of all 1880 federal censuses. (subscription site) has indexes and images of all 1880 federal censuses. A Soundex for each state indexing families with children age ten or less is also available on microfilm. For more details, see individual state census Wiki pages. For tips if the first census index search does not work, see the United States Census Searching Wiki page. ...
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I just had an opportunity to get the most recent briefing from the Department of Health and Human Services, the CDC and NIH about the situation involving Zika. And so I wanted to speak to the press just briefly about it, and the American public.. As all of you know, there has been an enormous spread of Zika throughout Latin America, the Caribbean, and Puerto Rico. We have not yet seen cases that were transmitted on the continental United States, but we do know that the mosquitoes that carry the Zika virus exist on the continental United States. ...
Data from the HHANES are generally organized by the data collection method (e.g., Child Sample Person Questionnaire or Dental Examination). The data files comprising the HHANES include a number of demographic and socioeconomic variables on each tape, including age, gender, ethnicity, income, education, and marital status. Data are available on the NCHS Web site as public use data files.. National Health Care Survey, is an integrated survey of health care providers formed from the merger of four existing surveys: the National Hospital Discharge Survey, the National Ambulatory Medical Care Survey, the National Nursing Home Survey and the National Health Provider Inventory. New surveys added to the database include: the National Survey of Ambulatory Surgery, National Hospital Ambulatory Medical Care Survey, National Home and Hospice Care Survey, and National Employer Health Insurance Survey. All surveys are described on the NCHS Web site.. The National Health Interview Survey (NHIS) is a ...
hanges in unmet prescription drug needs for working-age Americans between 2003 and 2007 also varied markedly by type of insurance coverage. Access problems among working-age adults with employer coverage grew from 8.7 percent to 10.7 percent. Uninsured people fared the worst over the past several years, with the proportion reporting unmet prescription drug needs rising from 26 percent to 34.7 percent, or a total of nearly 12.5 million working-age Americans in 2007. There were no statistically significant changes between 2003 and 2007 in unmet prescription drug needs among working-age adults with Medicaid or Medicare coverage. In past years, working-age adults with Medicaid and uninsured, working-age adults had similar rates of unmet needs for prescription drugs, but the gap has widened as drug access worsened for uninsured people. An important factor contributing to the large increase in unmet prescription drug needs overall is a shift in the population from insurance groups that have lower ...
Data Dictionary - Survey ACS 2006 (1-Year Estimates); American Community Survey Tables: 2006 (1-Year Estimates) (ACS06); C08007. Sex of Workers By Place of Work--State and County Level [9]
There are 7,000 rare diseases affecting 25-30 million Americans, and 90% do not have an FDA approved treatment. NORD is leading the fight to improve the lives of people impacted by rare diseases. We do this by supporting patients and organizations, accelerating research, providing education, disseminating information, raising awareness, and driving public policy. Support NORD with a tax-deductible donation today. If you have any questions about your donation, please contact us at (617) 249-7300 or at [email protected].. Read NORDs research grant policy to learn how your donation supports innovation and find out more about setting up a fund for your disease if one does not currently exist. If you are interested in setting up a fund, please call us at (617) 249-7300 or email us at [email protected].. SEND YOUR GIFT BY MAIL. The National Organization for Rare Disorders ...
Data Dictionary - Survey ACS 2009 (3-Year Estimates); American Community Survey Tables: 2007 -- 2009 (3-Year Estimates) (ACS09_3yr); Sex By Age By Citizenship Status (Some Other Race Alone); B05003F009; Native
West Nile virus (WNV) is a vector-borne illness that can severely affect human health. After introduction on the East Coast in 1999, the virus quickly spread and became established across the continental United States. However, there have been significant variations in levels of human WNV incidence spatially and temporally. In order to quantify these variations, we used Kulldorffs spatial scan statistic and Anselins Local Morans I statistic to uncover spatial clustering of human WNV incidence at the county level in the continental United States from 2002-2008. These two methods were applied with varying analysis thresholds in order to evaluate sensitivity of clusters identified. The spatial scan and Local Morans I statistics revealed several consistent, important clusters or hot-spots with significant year-to-year variation. In 2002, before the pathogen had spread throughout the country, there were significant regional clusters in the upper Midwest and in Louisiana and Mississippi. The largest and
Data were collected by Research Triangle Institute, Research Triangle Park, NC, and prepared for release by National Opinion Research Center, Chicago, IL.. The National Household Survey on Drug Abuse questionnaire and estimation methodology changed with the implementation of the 1994-B survey. Therefore, estimates produced from the 1996 survey are not comparable to those produced from the 1994-A and earlier surveys.. For selected variables, statistical imputation was performed following logical imputation to replace missing responses. These variables are identified in the codebook as ...LOGICALLY IMPUTED and ...imputed for the logical procedure or by the designation IMPUTATION-REVISED in the variable label when the statistical procedure was also performed. The names of statistically imputed variables begin with the letters IR. For each imputation-revised variable there is a corresponding imputation indicator variable that indicates whether a cases value on the variable resulted from an ...
Based on data from the National Longitudinal Mortality Study for 1979-85, life expectancies are estimated for white men and white women by education, by family income, and by employment status. Life expectancy varies directly with amount of schooling and with family income. Differences in life expectancy at age 25 between the highest and the...
Excerpt from authors abstract: Systematic reviews and evidence-based recommendations are increasingly important for decision making in health and medicine. Over the past 20 years, information on the science of synthesizing research results has exploded. However, some approaches to systematic reviews of the effectiveness of clinical preventive services and medical care may be less appropriate for evaluating population-based interventions. Furthermore, methods for linking evidence to recommendations are less well developed than methods for synthesizing evidence. The Guide to Community Preventive Services: Systematic Reviews and Evidence-Based Recommendations (the Guide) will evaluate and make recommendations on population-based and public health interventions. This paper provides an overview of the Guides process to systematically review evidence and translate that evidence into recommendations.. ...
The association of dietary quality and survival was examined among 6249 adults aged 45-74 years in the First National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 1971-74 who were traced at the 1987 NHANES I Epidemiologic Followup Survey. The baseline 24-hour recall diet was defined as poor quality if 5 or more nutrients of the 8 examined were below...
The National Survey on Drug Use and Health (NSDUH) series (formerly titled National Household Survey on Drug Abuse) primarily measures the prevalence and correlates of drug use in the United States. The surveys are designed to provide quarterly, as well as annual, estimates. Information is provided on the use of illicit drugs, alcohol, and tobacco among members of United States households aged 12 and older. Questions included age at first use as well as lifetime, annual, and past-month usage for the following drug classes: marijuana, cocaine (and crack), hallucinogens, heroin, inhalants, alcohol, tobacco, and nonmedical use of prescription drugs, including pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, and sedatives. The survey covered substance abuse treatment history and perceived need for treatment, and included questions from the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual (DSM) of Mental Disorders that allow diagnostic criteria to be applied. The survey included questions concerning treatment for both ...
1 ALBEMARLE-PAMLICO NATIONAL ESTUARY PARTNERSHIP Annual Work Plan for October 1, 2017 - September 30, 2018 under the Cooperative Agreement for October 1, 2014 to September 30, 2020 Between The United States Environmental Protection Agency And the North Carolina Department of Environmental Quality in Cooperation with the Commonwealth of Virginia Approved By APNEP Policy Board on February 24, 2017 ECU Greenville Center, Greenville, NC U.S. EPA Cooperative Agreement CE 00D20614 Region IV February24, 2017 APNEP Workplan 2017-18 February 24, 2017 2 TABLE OF CONTENTS CONTENTS & CONTACTS 3 INTRODUCTION 4 AUTHORITY 6 2016-17 PROJECTS & ACTIVITIES 8 2017-18 PROPOSED PROJECTS & ACTIVITIES 30 ADMINISTRATION AND FINANCIAL 35 FEDERAL COST SHARE (Budget) 42 NON-FEDERAL COST SHARE (Match) 45 TRAVEL 46 APPENDIX A: 2013 EPA Program Review Results 48 APPENDIX B: 2012-22 CCMP Goals and Outcomes 57 APNEP Workplan 2017-18 February 24, 2017 3 CONTENTS & CONTACTS Required Cooperative Agreement Related Contents in this ...
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Description: The American Community Survey (ACS) is a nationwide survey designed to provide communities a fresh look at how they are changing. The ACS replaced the decennial census long form in 2010 and thereafter by collecting long form type information throughout the decade rather than only once every 10 years. Questionnaires are mailed to a sample of addresses to obtain information about households -- that is, about each person and the housing unit itself. The American Community Survey produces demographic, social, housing and economic estimates in the form of 1-year, 3-year and 5-year estimates based on population thresholds. The strength of the ACS is in estimating population and housing characteristics. It produces estimates for small areas, including census tracts and population subgroups. Although the ACS produces population, demographic and housing unit estimates,it is the Census Bureaus Population Estimates Program that produces and disseminates the official estimates of the ...
Description: The American Community Survey (ACS) is a nationwide survey designed to provide communities a fresh look at how they are changing. The ACS replaced the decennial census long form in 2010 and thereafter by collecting long form type information throughout the decade rather than only once every 10 years. Questionnaires are mailed to a sample of addresses to obtain information about households -- that is, about each person and the housing unit itself. The American Community Survey produces demographic, social, housing and economic estimates in the form of 1-year, 3-year and 5-year estimates based on population thresholds. The strength of the ACS is in estimating population and housing characteristics. It produces estimates for small areas, including census tracts and population subgroups. Although the ACS produces population, demographic and housing unit estimates,it is the Census Bureaus Population Estimates Program that produces and disseminates the official estimates of the ...
1. The Board acknowledges the nominations for membership of the Boards Audit and Finance Committee (the AFC), Ethics and Governance Committee (the EGC), and Strategy Committee (SC), as set forth in GF/B35/ER02. 2. Accordingly, the Board approves the appointment of the following individuals to serve as voting members of the Committees listed below, representing the Board constituencies listed by their name: a. Audit and Finance Committee i. Gregoire Lacoin, European Commission Constituency; ii. Sylvie Bourdenet, France Constituency; iii. Erika Satterwhite, Private Sector Constituency; iv. Anthony Richard Garnett, United Kingdom Constituency; v. Michael Ruffner, United States Constituency; vi. Soltan Mammadov, Eastern Europe & Central Asia Constituency; vii. Thamer Al Hilfi, Eastern Mediterranean Constituency; viii. Grace Rwakarema, Eastern and Southern Africa Constituency; ix. Sugata Ghosh Dastidar, South East Asia Constituency; and x. Han Mengjie, Western Pacific Region Constituency. b. ...
The Guide for Developing a Community-Based Patient Safety Advisory Council consists of the following sections:. Chapter 2. Patient Safety Advisory Councils. This portion serves as an introduction to how and why patient advisory councils have become part of the patient safety movement. This portion of the guide will be most useful to individuals who are considering whether they want to develop a council. It includes a description of the benefits of creating a community-based patient advisory council for patients, health care providers, and the community. The information in this section could be used as justification and validation to gain support for developing a council from leadership and governing bodies. Particularly highlighted is the experience of the Aurora Health Care project, which led to the creation of this guide and is referred to throughout the guide as an exemplary model of a community-based advisory council.. Chapter 3. Steps to Creating a Patient Safety Advisory Council. This ...
This report uses 2002 to 2010 National Survey on Drug Use and Health (NSDUH) to assess the average number of adolescents aged 12 to 17 using substances for the first time per day for the year as a whole and for each month of the year. Substances examined include alcohol, cigarettes, cigars, marijuana, nonmedical use of prescription type drugs, inhalants, hallucinogens, and cocaine. Results are shown for each substance by month.. ...
Via 75 million Americans under threat of severe weather. Click through for the full report and video. Excerpt: The scope is staggering. Some 75 million Americans are under threat of severe weather on Tuesday. People from the Great Lakes...
By Kuvee Kangueehi Aminuis President Hifikepunye Pohamba says every Namibian should be allowed to have access to the constituency offices in the regions, irrespective of their political affiliation. Officially opening the Aminuis Constituency office on Thursday, the Head of State said that despite the fact that regional councillors who are in charge of the offices, come on different political party tickets, they are required by law to serve everybody. Even if the great grandchildren of von Trotha came here, they should not be chased away. Pohamba said the facility, which was built at a cost of N$1,2 million, was built to serve as a source of information about government policies and programmes in the constituency. He said that in this manner the people could be informed about development plans and policies that affect their daily lives. With the completion of this office, the public can now visit the facility to obtain information and make enquiries about development of the constituency. The ...
Alcohol abuse and illicit drug use in the United States are major concerns of American households, as well as of the White House. This dissertation research evaluates alcohol abuse and controlled drug use by American workers in the context of various individual, organizational, and occupational settings. It tests the importation and organizational stress perspectives, the occupation subculture perspective, and the lifecycle wage compensation theory. The analyses are developed utilizing (1) logistic regression, (2) generalized linear modeling, including Poisson regression and negative binomial regression, (3) weighted modeling estimation, taking the clustering effects of complex survey design into account, and (4) the hierarchical growth curve modeling of intra- and inter-individual differences. Using data from the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth 1979â 1993, the 1997 National Household Survey on Drug Abuse, and the 1998 National Occupational Information Network (O*NET 98), I find that ...
Maintaining adequate staffing levels is crucial to the success of any field data collection study. However, for large national multi-year studies, like the National Survey on Drug Use and Health (NSDUH), staffing shortages on field interviewer teams are bound to happen due to attrition and planned or unplanned absences of local interviewers. When faced with these staffing issues, the NSDUH project employs a team of traveling field interviewers (TFIs) to help maintain high response rates and meet data collection deadlines.
This report presents national estimates of sexual activity and contraceptive use among males and females aged 15-19 in the United States in 2011-2015.
There are thirteen constituencies in Finland. The citizens of each constituency elect members of parliament, ranging from 6 to 35 per constituency, except for 05 Åland, which elects one. The constituency division is based on the provinces in use from 1634 to 1997, and has remained in general the same since the first parliamentary election in 1907. In 1939 the electoral district of Northern Oulu was divided between the electoral districts of Lapland and Southern Oulu, Southern Oulu was then renamed to Oulu. After the war the electoral districts of Eastern and Western Vipuri, which lost much of their territories to the USSR, were united to the new electoral district of Kymi. At the same time Åland became a distinct electoral district. 1954 Helsinki was cut from Uusimaa. In 1962 Southern and Northern Vaasa electoral districts were united. 2015 the electoral districts of Kymi and Southern Savonia were united to South-Eastern Finland, and Northern Savonia and North Karelia to ...
The National Health Interview Survey (NHIS) and the Agency for Healthcare Research and Qualitys Medical Expenditure Panel Survey (MEPS) each release annual files. Beginning with the 1995 NHIS and the 1996 MEPS, these files can be linked. The NHIS/MEPS linkage files allow users to link persons in the MEPS public use files to the records of the same persons in the previous NHIS public use files. Please note that each years MEPS file contains only a subset of persons from the previous NHIS core person file. Also note that many of the NHIS files, particularly the sample adult file, will only match to a subset of the MEPS file and the resulting matched sample sizes may be quite small. The MEPS sample design variables (for variance estimation) and weights must be used for any analysis using a linked NHIS/MEPS file. In addition, the weights provided in the MEPS files would have to be adjusted to account for those persons who are in the MEPS files, but are not in the NHIS files. AHRQ will provide ...
ABSTRACT. Background: Cigarette smoking continues to be the leading cause of preventable morbidity and mortality in the United States, causing approximately 443,000 premature deaths annually.. Methods: The 2009 National Health Interview Survey and the 2009 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System were used to estimate national and state adult smoking prevalence, respectively. Cigarette smokers were defined as adults aged ≥18 years who reported having smoked ≥100 cigarettes in their lifetime and now smoke every day or some days.. Results: In 2009, 20.6% of U.S. adults aged ≥18 years were current cigarette smokers. Men (23.5%) were more likely than women (17.9%) to be current smokers. The prevalence of smoking was 31.1% among persons below the federal poverty level. For adults aged ≥25 years, the prevalence of smoking was 28.5% among persons with less than a high school diploma, compared with 5.6% among those with a graduate degree. Regional differences were observed, with the West ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Validating the New Primary Care Measure in the Medical Expenditure Panel Survey. AU - Olaisen, R. Henry. AU - Flocke, Susan A.. AU - Smyth, Kathleen A.. AU - Schluchter, Mark D.. AU - Koroukian, Siran M.. AU - Stange, Kurt C.. PY - 2020/1/1. Y1 - 2020/1/1. N2 - Background:The advancement of primary care research requires reliable and validated measures that capture primary care processes embedded within nationally representative datasets.Objective:The objective of this study was to assess the validity of a newly developed measure of primary care processes [Medical Expenditure Panel Survey (MEPS)-PC] with preliminary evidence of moderate to excellent reliability.Study Design:A retrospective cohort study of community-dwelling adults with history of office-based provider visit/s using the MEPS (2013-2014).Methods:The 3 MEPS-PC subscales (Relationship, Comprehensiveness, and Health Promotion) were tested for construct validity against known measures of primary care: Usual Source of ...
The National Organization for Rare Disorders (NORD), the leading independent nonprofit organization representing the 30 million Americans with rare diseases, issued the following statement opposing the Graham-Cassidy plan to repeal and replace the Affordable Care Act (ACA):. The Senate is currently considering a proposal put forward by Senators Graham, Cassidy, Heller, and Johnson that would repeal and replace the Affordable Care Act (ACA). If passed, this plan (known as Graham-Cassidy) has the potential to jeopardize access to care for millions of individuals with rare diseases.. Once more we used our Principles for Health Coverage Reform published in February to evaluate this proposal. In doing so, we found that not only does this plan contain the same concerning aspects of the American Health Care Act (AHCA) and the Better Care Reconciliation Act (BCRA), but it also contains additional provisions that would further allow insurers to discriminate against individuals with pre-existing ...
Behavioral health trends in the United States : results from the 2014 National Survey on Drug Use and Health / Sarra L. Hedden [and six others ...
AbstractUsing paradata from a prior survey that is linked to a new survey can help a survey organization develop more effective sampling strategies. One example of this type of linkage or subsampling is between the National Health Interview Survey (NHIS) and the Medical Expenditure Panel Survey (MEPS). MEPS is a nationally representative sample of the U.S. civilian, noninstitutionalized population based on a complex multi-stage sample design. Each year a new sample is drawn as a subsample of households from the prior years NHIS. The main objective of this article is to examine how paradata from a prior survey can be used in developing a sampling scheme in a subsequent survey. A framework for optimal allocation of the sample in substrata formed for this purpose is presented and evaluated for the relative effectiveness of alternative substratification schemes. The framework is applied, using real MEPS data, to illustrate how utilizing paradata from the linked survey offers the possibility of making
Julia Schneider is a consultant with the Cardiovascular Health team for the National Association of Chronic Disease Directors. She has more than 14 years of state public health policy experience. In her current role, Julia supports initiatives addressing hypertension, Million Hearts®, cardiovascular health, and team-based care through cooperative agreements with CDCs Division for Heart Disease and Stroke Prevention as well as additional partners such as the American Heart Association. Julia also supports the development of deliverables for healthy eating and active living projects through CDCs Division for Nutrition, Physical Activity and Obesity. Prior to joining NACDD, Julia was the Director of Chronic Disease Prevention at the Association of State and Territorial Health Officials, where she managed several cooperative agreements supported by CDCs National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion. Julia oversaw training and provided technical assistance to State Health ...
This notice announces the opportunity to apply for funding under the National Organizations of State and Local Officials (NOSLO) Program: Health Care Payment and Financing. The purpose of this program is to assist states and local authorities in a) preserving and improving public health, b) building capacity to address other public health matters and support and enforce health regulations, and c) preventing and suppressing communicable diseases. To fulfill the program’s purpose, NOSLO: Health Care Payment and Financing has the following objectives: 1) facilitate bidirectional communication and data/information-sharing between HRSA and state and/or local officials, 2) strengthen HRSA-funded programs by better understanding state and/or local stakeholder needs, priorities, and perspectives, and 3) support capacity-building activities at the state and/or local levels that strengthen the health care safety net and advance shared public health goals with HRSA.2 The term “capacity-building”
The first National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES I) was conducted by the National Center for Health Statistics between 1971 and 1974. NHANES I was a clustered, multi-stage stratified probability sample of 23,808 individuals ranging in age from one to 74 years and drawn from the non-institutionalized civilian population of the United States. A random subsample of the 14,407 examined adults aged 25-74 were given supplemental questionnaires on cardiovascular and respiratory history.. In 1981, the National Institute on Aging and the NCHS began a follow-up of the original NHANES I cohort. In order to evaluate the usefulness of major epidemiological studies for predicting coronary heart disease in the United States population, the NHLBI added a Framingham model verification component to the follow-up. The risk factors (systolic blood pressure, serum cholesterol, and cigarette smoking) for death from coronary heart disease were compared using results from the seventh cohort ...
Several diverse health care stakeholders are interested in and are developing standardized quality measures. The Congressionally mandated National Healthcare Disparities Report2 and National Healthcare Quality Report3 included a broad set of performance and outcome indicators to monitor the nations progress toward improved health care quality. Recent calls for measures by national organizations have yielded hundreds of submissions, which is proof of the tremendous activity in this area.. There are many organizations actively involved in the development and promulgation of quality measures. The American Medical Association Physician Consortium for Performance Improvement (PCPI) includes representatives from more than 140 US medical specialty and state medical societies, federal agencies, and other organizations convened to identify and develop evidence-based clinical quality measures that enhance quality of patient care and foster accountability. The AAP is a member of the PCPI and has developed ...
The National Health Interview Survey (NHIS), carried out by the CDC, is a national survey that annually monitors the Nations health through personal interviews of a representative sample of the civilian, non-institutionalized U.S. population. Complementary and Alternative Medicine (CAM) related questions are posed to about 30,000 randomly selected NHIS participants every 5 years. The data from the survey provides many fascinating insights into the types of CAM people use, the reasons for which they turn to CAM, and changes that have occurred since the last time CAM questions were included in the survey. ...
Washington, D.C.: United States Bureau of Education. p. 377. Report of the Commissioner of Education Made to the Secretary of ... United States. Bureau of Education U.S. Government Printing Office. 1882. p. 6. It was referenced in Science, Vol. 2, No. 67. ( ... United States Geological Survey. 127. doi:10.3133/pp127. hdl:2027/mdp.39015050613622. Retrieved 2020-03-19. Clarke, Frank ... His forty-two year career included parallel service with the United States National Museum as 'honorary curator' of minerals. ...
With the cession of California to the United States following the Mexican-American War, the 1848 Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo ... Ranchos of California List of Ranchos of California Ogden Hoffman, 1862, Reports of Land Cases Determined in the United States ... ISBN 978-0-8047-4482-9. United States. District Court (California : Northern District) Land Case 6 ND Report of the Surveyor ...
United States: American Media, Inc. Odyssey Magazine Publishing Group Inc. Retrieved March 19, 2019. Rice, Lynette (March 19, ... The publicist stated: "He's auditioning now [for other projects] and he has two or three films coming out next year. You know ... Of Moore's return, former co-head writer John F. Smith stated: "We are thrilled to have Shemar back with us. His story will be ... At Neil's funeral, Malcolm gives a tearful and emotional eulogy stating that while his relationship with his brother wasn't ...
"Daily report, foreign radio broadcasts". United States. Central Intelligence Agency. 1965: 1. Cite journal requires ,journal= ( ... As a member of the United Party he fled to Abidjan in the Ivory Coast to seek asylum on January 7, 1961. According to him, ... He worked as a civil servant until 1955 when he resigned to work for the United Africa Company Limited as a store manager at ... In January, 1960, he returned to Kumasi to renew his contract with the United Africa Company Limited to work in Kumasi as a ...
United States. Hydrographic Office. (1916), Africa Pilot: South and East Coasts, Govt. Print. Off., OCLC 20138064 Arquivo ... "The State of African Cities 2010: Governance, Inequalities and Urban Land Markets". United Nations Human Settlements Programme ... New York: Statistical Office of the United Nations. United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Statistical ... United Nations Statistics Division. 2012. "Conferência de Maputo" (in Portuguese). Comunidade dos Países de Língua Portuguesa. ...
United States. Foreign Broadcast Information Service (1982). Sub-Saharan Africa report. Foreign Broadcast Information Service. ...
United States Congress. "James Dixon (id: D000369)". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. James Dixon at Find ... United States. Congress. The Congressional Globe: Containing the Debates and Proceedings of the Second Session of the Thirty- ... Normally, the election would have been in the fall of 1862, but the Biographical Directory of the United States Congress says ... He declined the nomination for Governor of Connecticut in 1854, and was an unsuccessful candidate for United States Senator in ...
UNITED STATES. 272 (30): 18542-5. doi:10.1074/jbc.272.30.18542. ISSN 0021-9258. PMID 9228018. Wang, J; Chun H J; Wong W; ... United States. 114 (2): 181-90. doi:10.1016/S0092-8674(03)00521-X. ISSN 0092-8674. PMID 12887920. Goltsev, Y V; Kovalenko A V; ... U.S.A. UNITED STATES. 93 (25): 14486-91. Bibcode:1996PNAS...9314486S. doi:10.1073/pnas.93.25.14486. ISSN 0027-8424. PMC 26159. ... UNITED STATES. 272 (41): 25417-20. doi:10.1074/jbc.272.41.25417. ISSN 0021-9258. PMID 9325248. Zheng, L; Schickling O; Peter M ...
United States Congress. "John C. Brodhead (id: B000859)". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. This article ... United States. Government Printing Office (1918). Congressional Serial Set. U.S. G.P.O. p. 501. Retrieved 22 July 2014. The ... He represented New York in the United States House of Representatives. Brodhead was born in Modena, New York to Charles W. ( ... John Curtis Brodhead (October 27, 1780 - January 2, 1859) was an American politician in the U.S. state of New York. ...
Mary's Church was built in the early Christian Basilica model, the only church of its type in the United States. The church was ... United States. Novak, Kenneth (2004). "The Art of Beuron". Kansas City, Missouri: Angeleus Press. Retrieved 23 June 2013. Cite ... noteworthy for being the only church in the United States built in the early Christian Basilica model. During the 1980s, the ...
United States. War Dept. Library (1913). Bibliography of State Participation in the Civil War 1861-1866. U.S. Government ... Citation: The President of the United States of America, in the name of Congress, takes pleasure in presenting the Medal of ... J. G. Frick Yesterday Morning" in Miners Journal, March 6, 1902, p. 4. "Medal of Honor recipients - Civil War". United States ... January 23, 1825 - March 5, 1902) was a United States infantry officer who fought with several Union Army regiments during the ...
United States of America v. 400 Acres of Land, more or less, situate in Lincoln County, State of Nevada, Case 2:15-cv-01743-MMD ... In 1987, the position of the United States Air Force was, "we don't want to go in and tell them to get the hell out". In 1989, ... The United States Government seized the mine under eminent domain from its previous owners in 2015. Just compensation was set ... United States District Court District of Nevada (Las Vegas) CIVIL DOCKET FOR CASE #: 2:15-cv-01743-MMD-NJK, STIPULATION ...
United States. U.S. Fire Administration. Fire Statistics. Sept 2010. U.S. Fire Administration. Web. 15 October 2010. IFFD site ... In 2009, 90 lines of duty deaths were recorded amongst fire fighters in the United States of America; 47 being volunteers, 36 ... Legend also states, because of this act St. Florian is known as the protector of those who have come in danger of fire. The ... As legend states, St. Florian saved an entire village engulfed in flames using just a single bucket of water. ...
... the United States invasion of Grenada in 1983; at the time of his retirement in 1991 he was deputy commander of the United ... After a tour as chief of staff for the United States Army Training and Doctrine Command at Fort Monroe, Virginia, he was ... Washington, DC :Headquarters; United States. Department of the Army (31 January 1985). "Army executive biographies". Washington ... Jack Brodie Farris (December 5, 1935 - December 14, 2019) was a United States Army lieutenant general who commanded the ...
"Mesa Verde , Mesa Verde HS Athletics , United States". Mesa Athletics. Retrieved 2020-09-02. ... and students perform below average on state tests." Mesa Verde HS plays in the Golden Empire League (GEL) within the California ...
United States. District Court (California : Northern District) Land Case 345 ND Williams v. United States, U.S. Supreme Court, ... With the cession of California to the United States following the Mexican-American War, the 1848 Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo ... Ogden Hoffman, 1862, Reports of Land Cases Determined in the United States District Court for the Northern District of ...
United States. Office of Strategic Services. Research and Analysis Branch (1944). Native Craft in Southeast Asia Waters. Office ...
In the United States, The Peace Project debuted on the Billboard Christian Albums chart dated 11 November 2017, at No. 26. ... United States. 20 October 2017. Archived from the original on 5 July 2018. Retrieved 5 July 2018. "2018 Nominees , The 49th ... In the United Kingdom, The Peace Project debuted at No. 4 on the Official Christian & Gospel Albums Chart dated 2 November 2017 ... United Kingdom. 20 October 2017. Retrieved 5 July 2018. "Christmas: The Peace Project by Hillsong Worship on Apple Music". ...
Der Fan' Is the Batshit German Exploitation Horror Film You've Been Looking For , VICE , United States". 18 October 2015. "The ...
... is a United States law, passed by the 94th United States Congress in 1976 and administered by the United States Environmental ... The TSCA is found in United States law at Title 15 of the United States Code, Chapter 53, and administered by EPA. Subchapter I ... United States. Frank R. Lautenberg Chemical Safety for the 21st Century Act. Pub.L. 114-182 (text) (pdf) Approved June 22, 2016 ... Notes United States. Toxic Substances Control Act. Pub.L. 94-469 Approved 1976-10-11. Auer, Charles, Frank Kover, James Aidala ...
The species is endemic to the United States. The natural habitats of P. brachyphona are temperate forests, rivers, intermittent ... United States. Nat. Mus. 34: 1-525. (Chorophilus feriarum brachyphonus, new subspecies, p. 341).. ...
United States. 17 (7): 600-1. doi:10.1111/j.1365-4362.1978.tb06008.x. ISSN 0011-9059. PMID 357315. Tzanck test v t e. ... United States. 24 (2): 147-50. doi:10.1016/j.tmrv.2009.11.006. PMID 20303038. Tzanck, A. (1947). "Immediate cyto-diagnosis in ... United States. 7 (2): 121-3. ISSN 0193-1091. PMID 3896004. Rees, R B (September 1978). "The Tzanck test: a historical vignette ...
United States. Water Quality Act of 1987, Pub.L. 100-4, February 4, 1987. Added CWA section 402(p), 33 U.S.C. § 1342(p). " ... In the United States, the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) is charged with regulating stormwater pursuant to the Clean ... United States. Federal Water Pollution Control Amendments of 1972 ("Clean Water Act"). Pub.L. 92-500, October 18, 1972. ... Also known as low impact development (LID) in the United States, or Water Sensitive Urban Design (WSUD) in Australia, IWM has ...
United States. Apple Inc. August 21, 2020. Retrieved January 22, 2021. "Jericho , Chords, Lyrics and Sheet Music , SongSelect ... "Jericho" impacted Christian radio stations in the United States on August 28, 2020. "Jericho" is composed in the key of B♭ ... United States. Apple Inc. January 8, 2021. Retrieved January 22, 2021. "Andrew Ripp Chart History (Christian Airplay)". ...
United States. Retrieved 19 May 2016. Morris, Charles (October 23, 2017). "'If I Were a Carpenter' - the folk singer whose song ...
United States. Congress. Senate. Appropriations Committee. Treasury and Post Office Departments Appropriations, 1954, Hearings ... The United States Attorney's Office, Eastern District of New York. Archived from the original on March 2, 2011. Retrieved ...
"United States". Baha'i News (693). Dec 1988. p. 13. Retrieved Jan 20, 2021. "Bosch Bahá'í School". Bahá'í National Review (129 ... "John David Bosch United States Passport Applications, 1795-1925". 1904. Retrieved Jan 16, 2021.(registration ... "John David Bosch United States Passport Applications, 1795-1925". 1920. Retrieved Jan 16, 2021.(registration ... He was found insane and committed to a state hospital. The school campus was in the path of the CZU Lightning Complex Fire that ...
United Kingdom and United States "Reflection" did not enter the Billboard Hot 100, but peaked at number 19 on the Adult ... United Kingdom, United States, and Taiwan. The Music Video Collection was released on May 28, 2010 in Germany, France and Spain ... In the United States alone, she has sold 18.3 million albums as of 2019, with 15.5 million units certified in the country. With ... United States. Retrieved August 25, 2013. Erlewine, Stephen Thomas. "Christina Aguilera/Stripped - Christina Aguilera". ...
This situation brought investigations from the United States Congress, the United States Department of Justice, and a lawsuit ... and became the first United States bank to rank in the top 10 of mergers and acquisitions in the United Kingdom.[citation ... United States District Court for the Southern District of New York 2004).Text Nocera, Joe (March 10, 2013). "Rigging the I.P.O ... Eastern Edition (Blogs). United States: Wall Street Journal. Dow Jones & Company Inc. ISSN 0099-9660. Retrieved May 31, 2017. ...
Washington, D.C.: United States Government Printing Office, 1987. United States. Congress. Joint Committee on Printing. 1991- ... Shuster's official congressional biography states that he served in the United States Army from 1954 to 1956. However, he was ... He claimed communists did this to embarrass the United States in front of the world. His book completely contradicts his later ... Biography portal Ethics Committee complaint (1996) Biography at the Biographical Directory of the United States Congress ...