The geographic area of the southeastern region of the United States in general or when the specific state or states are not included. The states usually included in this region are Alabama, Arkansas, Florida, Georgia, Louisiana, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, West Virginia, and Virginia.
The geographic area of the southwestern region of the United States. The states usually included in this region are Arizona, California, Colorado, Nevada, New Mexico, Texas, and Utah.
Ongoing scrutiny of a population (general population, study population, target population, etc.), generally using methods distinguished by their practicability, uniformity, and frequently their rapidity, rather than by complete accuracy.
The geographic area of the midwestern region of the United States in general or when the specific state or states are not indicated. The states usually included in this region are Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Kentucky, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, Ohio, Oklahoma, North Dakota, South Dakota and Wisconsin.
The geographic area of the northwestern region of the United States. The states usually included in this region are Idaho, Montana, Oregon, Washington, and Wyoming.
The number of new cases of a given disease during a given period in a specified population. It also is used for the rate at which new events occur in a defined population. It is differentiated from PREVALENCE, which refers to all cases, new or old, in the population at a given time.
Persons living in the United States of Mexican (MEXICAN AMERICANS), Puerto Rican, Cuban, Central or South American, or other Spanish culture or origin. The concept does not include Brazilian Americans or Portuguese Americans.
The total number of cases of a given disease in a specified population at a designated time. It is differentiated from INCIDENCE, which refers to the number of new cases in the population at a given time.
Individuals whose ancestral origins are in the continent of Europe.
An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.
A group of people with a common cultural heritage that sets them apart from others in a variety of social relationships.
An agency of the UNITED STATES PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE that conducts and supports programs for the prevention and control of disease and provides consultation and assistance to health departments and other countries.
Groups of individuals whose putative ancestry is from native continental populations based on similarities in physical appearance.
An agency of the PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE concerned with the overall planning, promoting, and administering of programs pertaining to maintaining standards of quality of foods, drugs, therapeutic devices, etc.
The largest country in North America, comprising 10 provinces and three territories. Its capital is Ottawa.
The process of leaving one's country to establish residence in a foreign country.
Persons living in the United States having origins in any of the black groups of Africa.
Sudden increase in the incidence of a disease. The concept includes EPIDEMICS and PANDEMICS.
The frequency of different ages or age groups in a given population. The distribution may refer to either how many or what proportion of the group. The population is usually patients with a specific disease but the concept is not restricted to humans and is not restricted to medicine.
Age as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or the effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from AGING, a physiological process, and TIME FACTORS which refers only to the passage of time.
An infant during the first month after birth.
A systematic collection of factual data pertaining to health and disease in a human population within a given geographic area.
Systematic gathering of data for a particular purpose from various sources, including questionnaires, interviews, observation, existing records, and electronic devices. The process is usually preliminary to statistical analysis of the data.
Social and economic factors that characterize the individual or group within the social structure.
A group of islands in the Lesser Antilles in the West Indies, the three main islands being St. Croix, St. Thomas, and St. John. The capital is Charlotte Amalie. Before 1917 the U.S. Virgin Islands were held by the Danish and called the Danish West Indies but the name was changed when the United States acquired them by purchase.
Individuals whose ancestral origins are in the continent of Africa.
Time period from 1901 through 2000 of the common era.
A cabinet department in the Executive Branch of the United States Government concerned with improving and maintaining farm income and developing and expanding markets for agricultural products. Through inspection and grading services it safeguards and insures standards of quality in food supply and production.
The geographic area of New England in general and when the specific state or states are not indicated. States usually included in this region are Maine, New Hampshire, Vermont, Massachusetts, Connecticut, and Rhode Island.
Aspects of health and disease related to travel.
Maleness or femaleness as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from SEX CHARACTERISTICS, anatomical or physiological manifestations of sex, and from SEX DISTRIBUTION, the number of males and females in given circumstances.
A center in the PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE which is primarily concerned with the collection, analysis, and dissemination of health statistics on vital events and health activities to reflect the health status of people, health needs, and health resources.
The number of males and females in a given population. The distribution may refer to how many men or women or what proportion of either in the group. The population is usually patients with a specific disease but the concept is not restricted to humans and is not restricted to medicine.
A systematic collection of factual data pertaining to the nutritional status of a human population within a given geographic area. Data from these surveys are used in preparing NUTRITION ASSESSMENTS.
An island in the Greater Antilles in the West Indies. Its capital is San Juan. It is a self-governing commonwealth in union with the United States. It was discovered by Columbus in 1493 but no colonization was attempted until 1508. It belonged to Spain until ceded to the United States in 1898. It became a commonwealth with autonomy in internal affairs in 1952. Columbus named the island San Juan for St. John's Day, the Monday he arrived, and the bay Puerto Rico, rich harbor. The island became Puerto Rico officially in 1932. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p987 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p436)
Comparison of various psychological, sociological, or cultural factors in order to assess the similarities or diversities occurring in two or more different cultures or societies.
A cabinet department in the Executive Branch of the United States Government concerned with administering those agencies and offices having programs pertaining to health and human services.
Statistical measures of utilization and other aspects of the provision of health care services including hospitalization and ambulatory care.
Studies in which the presence or absence of disease or other health-related variables are determined in each member of the study population or in a representative sample at one particular time. This contrasts with LONGITUDINAL STUDIES which are followed over a period of time.
Persons living in the United States having origins in any of the original peoples of the Far East, Southeast Asia, or the Indian subcontinent.
Branch of medicine concerned with the prevention and control of disease and disability, and the promotion of physical and mental health of the population on the international, national, state, or municipal level.
Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.
All deaths reported in a given population.
Used for general articles concerning statistics of births, deaths, marriages, etc.
A cancer registry mandated under the National Cancer Act of 1971 to operate and maintain a population-based cancer reporting system, reporting periodically estimates of cancer incidence and mortality in the United States. The Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) Program is a continuing project of the National Cancer Institute of the National Institutes of Health. Among its goals, in addition to assembling and reporting cancer statistics, are the monitoring of annual cancer incident trends and the promoting of studies designed to identify factors amenable to cancer control interventions. (From National Cancer Institute, NIH Publication No. 91-3074, October 1990)
Studies used to test etiologic hypotheses in which inferences about an exposure to putative causal factors are derived from data relating to characteristics of persons under study or to events or experiences in their past. The essential feature is that some of the persons under study have the disease or outcome of interest and their characteristics are compared with those of unaffected persons.
Divisions of the year according to some regularly recurrent phenomena usually astronomical or climatic. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)
The degree to which individuals are inhibited or facilitated in their ability to gain entry to and to receive care and services from the health care system. Factors influencing this ability include geographic, architectural, transportational, and financial considerations, among others.
People who leave their place of residence in one country and settle in a different country.
Studies in which subsets of a defined population are identified. These groups may or may not be exposed to factors hypothesized to influence the probability of the occurrence of a particular disease or other outcome. Cohorts are defined populations which, as a whole, are followed in an attempt to determine distinguishing subgroup characteristics.
Variation in rates of disease occurrence and disabilities between population groups defined by socioeconomic characteristics such as age, ethnicity, economic resources, or gender and populations identified geographically or similar measures.
A geographical area of the United States comprising the District of Columbia, Delaware, Maryland, New Jersey, New York, and Pennsylvania.
Statistical models which describe the relationship between a qualitative dependent variable (that is, one which can take only certain discrete values, such as the presence or absence of a disease) and an independent variable. A common application is in epidemiology for estimating an individual's risk (probability of a disease) as a function of a given risk factor.
Predetermined sets of questions used to collect data - clinical data, social status, occupational group, etc. The term is often applied to a self-completed survey instrument.
Professional society representing the field of medicine.
The confinement of a patient in a hospital.
The status during which female mammals carry their developing young (EMBRYOS or FETUSES) in utero before birth, beginning from FERTILIZATION to BIRTH.
The science dealing with the earth and its life, especially the description of land, sea, and air and the distribution of plant and animal life, including humanity and human industries with reference to the mutual relations of these elements. (From Webster, 3d ed)
Process of cultural change in which one group or members of a group assimilate various cultural patterns from another.
Acute illnesses, usually affecting the GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT, brought on by consuming contaminated food or beverages. Most of these diseases are infectious, caused by a variety of bacteria, viruses, or parasites that can be foodborne. Sometimes the diseases are caused by harmful toxins from the microbes or other chemicals present in the food. Especially in the latter case, the condition is often called food poisoning.
Persons living in the United States of Mexican descent.
Damage inflicted on the body as the direct or indirect result of an external force, with or without disruption of structural continuity.
Organized periodic procedures performed on large groups of people for the purpose of detecting disease.
Statistical interpretation and description of a population with reference to distribution, composition, or structure.
Telephone surveys are conducted to monitor prevalence of the major behavioral risks among adults associated with premature MORBIDITY and MORTALITY. The data collected is in regard to actual behaviors, rather than on attitudes or knowledge. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) established the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS) in 1984.
The qualitative or quantitative estimation of the likelihood of adverse effects that may result from exposure to specified health hazards or from the absence of beneficial influences. (Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 1988)
Federal program, created by Public Law 89-97, Title XVIII-Health Insurance for the Aged, a 1965 amendment to the Social Security Act, that provides health insurance benefits to persons over the age of 65 and others eligible for Social Security benefits. It consists of two separate but coordinated programs: hospital insurance (MEDICARE PART A) and supplementary medical insurance (MEDICARE PART B). (Hospital Administration Terminology, AHA, 2d ed and A Discursive Dictionary of Health Care, US House of Representatives, 1976)
The actual costs of providing services related to the delivery of health care, including the costs of procedures, therapies, and medications. It is differentiated from HEALTH EXPENDITURES, which refers to the amount of money paid for the services, and from fees, which refers to the amount charged, regardless of cost.
The quality or state of relating to or affecting two or more nations. (After Merriam-Webster Collegiate Dictionary, 10th ed)
Inhaling and exhaling the smoke of burning TOBACCO.
Differences in access to or availability of medical facilities and services.
The legal authority or formal permission from authorities to carry on certain activities which by law or regulation require such permission. It may be applied to licensure of institutions as well as individuals.
Insurance providing coverage of medical, surgical, or hospital care in general or for which there is no specific heading.
The systems and processes involved in the establishment, support, management, and operation of registers, e.g., disease registers.
Extensive collections, reputedly complete, of facts and data garnered from material of a specialized subject area and made available for analysis and application. The collection can be automated by various contemporary methods for retrieval. The concept should be differentiated from DATABASES, BIBLIOGRAPHIC which is restricted to collections of bibliographic references.
Includes the spectrum of human immunodeficiency virus infections that range from asymptomatic seropositivity, thru AIDS-related complex (ARC), to acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS).
A subgroup having special characteristics within a larger group, often bound together by special ties which distinguish it from the larger group.
An acute viral infection in humans involving the respiratory tract. It is marked by inflammation of the NASAL MUCOSA; the PHARYNX; and conjunctiva, and by headache and severe, often generalized, myalgia.
Revenues or receipts accruing from business enterprise, labor, or invested capital.
The amounts spent by individuals, groups, nations, or private or public organizations for total health care and/or its various components. These amounts may or may not be equivalent to the actual costs (HEALTH CARE COSTS) and may or may not be shared among the patient, insurers, and/or employers.
Administration of vaccines to stimulate the host's immune response. This includes any preparation intended for active immunological prophylaxis.
The relationships of groups of organisms as reflected by their genetic makeup.
A set of techniques used when variation in several variables has to be studied simultaneously. In statistics, multivariate analysis is interpreted as any analytic method that allows simultaneous study of two or more dependent variables.
Time period from 2001 through 2100 of the common era.
Decisions, usually developed by government policymakers, for determining present and future objectives pertaining to the health care system.
Factors which produce cessation of all vital bodily functions. They can be analyzed from an epidemiologic viewpoint.
Based on known statistical data, the number of years which any person of a given age may reasonably expected to live.
Elements of residence that characterize a population. They are applicable in determining need for and utilization of health services.
The interchange of goods or commodities, especially on a large scale, between different countries or between populations within the same country. It includes trade (the buying, selling, or exchanging of commodities, whether wholesale or retail) and business (the purchase and sale of goods to make a profit). (From Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed, p411, p2005 & p283)
A course or method of action selected, usually by a government, from among alternatives to guide and determine present and future decisions.
An office in the Department of Labor responsible for developing and establishing occupational safety and health standards.
Evaluation undertaken to assess the results or consequences of management and procedures used in combating disease in order to determine the efficacy, effectiveness, safety, and practicability of these interventions in individual cases or series.
Disorders related to substance abuse.
A constituent organization of the DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES concerned with protecting and improving the health of the nation.
Persons including soldiers involved with the armed forces.
The number of births in a given population per year or other unit of time.
New abnormal growth of tissue. Malignant neoplasms show a greater degree of anaplasia and have the properties of invasion and metastasis, compared to benign neoplasms.
The exposure to potentially harmful chemical, physical, or biological agents in the environment or to environmental factors that may include ionizing radiation, pathogenic organisms, or toxic chemicals.
The level of governmental organization and function below that of the national or country-wide government.
Healthy People Programs are a set of health objectives to be used by governments, communities, professional organizations, and others to help develop programs to improve health. It builds on initiatives pursued over the past two decades beginning with the 1979 Surgeon General's Report, Healthy People, Healthy People 2000: National Health Promotion and Disease Prevention Objectives, and Healthy People 2010. These established national health objectives and served as the basis for the development of state and community plans. These are administered by the Office of Disease Prevention and Health Promotion (ODPHP). Similar programs are conducted by other national governments.
Physicians who hold degrees from medical schools in countries other than the ones in which they practice.
Educational attainment or level of education of individuals.
Generally refers to the amount of protection available and the kind of loss which would be paid for under an insurance contract with an insurer. (Slee & Slee, Health Care Terms, 2d ed)
Individuals licensed to practice medicine.
Individual members of North American ethnic groups with ancient historic ancestral origins in Asia.
Patterns of practice related to diagnosis and treatment as especially influenced by cost of the service requested and provided.
The killing of one person by another.
A situation in which the level of living of an individual, family, or group is below the standard of the community. It is often related to a specific income level.
The ratio of two odds. The exposure-odds ratio for case control data is the ratio of the odds in favor of exposure among cases to the odds in favor of exposure among noncases. The disease-odds ratio for a cohort or cross section is the ratio of the odds in favor of disease among the exposed to the odds in favor of disease among the unexposed. The prevalence-odds ratio refers to an odds ratio derived cross-sectionally from studies of prevalent cases.
The concept concerned with all aspects of providing and distributing health services to a patient population.
The prediction or projection of the nature of future problems or existing conditions based upon the extrapolation or interpretation of existing scientific data or by the application of scientific methodology.
Procedures for finding the mathematical function which best describes the relationship between a dependent variable and one or more independent variables. In linear regression (see LINEAR MODELS) the relationship is constrained to be a straight line and LEAST-SQUARES ANALYSIS is used to determine the best fit. In logistic regression (see LOGISTIC MODELS) the dependent variable is qualitative rather than continuously variable and LIKELIHOOD FUNCTIONS are used to find the best relationship. In multiple regression, the dependent variable is considered to depend on more than a single independent variable.
An agency in the Executive Branch of the Federal Government. It was created as an independent regulatory agency responsible for the implementation of federal laws designed to protect the environment. Its mission is to protect human health and the ENVIRONMENT.
Persons fleeing to a place of safety, especially those who flee to a foreign country or power to escape danger or persecution in their own country or habitual residence because of race, religion, or political belief. (Webster, 3d ed)
The personal cost of acute or chronic disease. The cost to the patient may be an economic, social, or psychological cost or personal loss to self, family, or immediate community. The cost of illness may be reflected in absenteeism, productivity, response to treatment, peace of mind, or QUALITY OF LIFE. It differs from HEALTH CARE COSTS, meaning the societal cost of providing services related to the delivery of health care, rather than personal impact on individuals.
Infectious diseases that are novel in their outbreak ranges (geographic and host) or transmission mode.
Official records of individual deaths including the cause of death certified by a physician, and any other required identifying information.
Process of determining and distinguishing species of bacteria or viruses based on antigens they share.
Accidents on streets, roads, and highways involving drivers, passengers, pedestrians, or vehicles. Traffic accidents refer to AUTOMOBILES (passenger cars, buses, and trucks), BICYCLING, and MOTORCYCLES but not OFF-ROAD MOTOR VEHICLES; RAILROADS nor snowmobiles.
Time period from 1801 through 1900 of the common era.
A method of comparing the cost of a program with its expected benefits in dollars (or other currency). The benefit-to-cost ratio is a measure of total return expected per unit of money spent. This analysis generally excludes consideration of factors that are not measured ultimately in economic terms. Cost effectiveness compares alternative ways to achieve a specific set of results.
The probability that an event will occur. It encompasses a variety of measures of the probability of a generally unfavorable outcome.
Substances that reduce the growth or reproduction of BACTERIA.
Behaviors expressed by individuals to protect, maintain or promote their health status. For example, proper diet, and appropriate exercise are activities perceived to influence health status. Life style is closely associated with health behavior and factors influencing life style are socioeconomic, educational, and cultural.
Activities concerned with governmental policies, functions, etc.
The level of health of the individual, group, or population as subjectively assessed by the individual or by more objective measures.
Small-arms weapons, including handguns, pistols, revolvers, rifles, shotguns, etc.
The genetic constitution of the individual, comprising the ALLELES present at each GENETIC LOCUS.
The smallest continent and an independent country, comprising six states and two territories. Its capital is Canberra.
Knowledge, attitudes, and associated behaviors which pertain to health-related topics such as PATHOLOGIC PROCESSES or diseases, their prevention, and treatment. This term refers to non-health workers and health workers (HEALTH PERSONNEL).
Studies in which variables relating to an individual or group of individuals are assessed over a period of time.
Process that is gone through in order for a drug to receive approval by a government regulatory agency. This includes any required pre-clinical or clinical testing, review, submission, and evaluation of the applications and test results, and post-marketing surveillance of the drug.
Prospective patient listings for appointments or treatments.
A mosquito-borne viral illness caused by the WEST NILE VIRUS, a FLAVIVIRUS and endemic to regions of Africa, Asia, and Europe. Common clinical features include HEADACHE; FEVER; maculopapular rash; gastrointestinal symptoms; and lymphadenopathy. MENINGITIS; ENCEPHALITIS; and MYELITIS may also occur. The disease may occasionally be fatal or leave survivors with residual neurologic deficits. (From Joynt, Clinical Neurology, 1996, Ch26, p13; Lancet 1998 Sep 5;352(9130):767-71)
Administrative units of government responsible for policy making and management of governmental activities.
Laws and regulations concerned with industrial processing and marketing of foods.
Countries that have reached a level of economic achievement through an increase of production, per capita income and consumption, and utilization of natural and human resources.
Enumerations of populations usually recording identities of all persons in every place of residence with age or date of birth, sex, occupation, national origin, language, marital status, income, relation to head of household, information on the dwelling place, education, literacy, health-related data (e.g., permanent disability), etc. The census or "numbering of the people" is mentioned several times in the Old Testament. Among the Romans, censuses were intimately connected with the enumeration of troops before and after battle and probably a military necessity. (From Last, A Dictionary of Epidemiology, 3d ed; Garrison, An Introduction to the History of Medicine, 4th ed, p66, p119)
A range of values for a variable of interest, e.g., a rate, constructed so that this range has a specified probability of including the true value of the variable.
A status with BODY WEIGHT that is grossly above the acceptable or desirable weight, usually due to accumulation of excess FATS in the body. The standards may vary with age, sex, genetic or cultural background. In the BODY MASS INDEX, a BMI greater than 30.0 kg/m2 is considered obese, and a BMI greater than 40.0 kg/m2 is considered morbidly obese (MORBID OBESITY).
The concept pertaining to the health status of inhabitants of the world.
The practice of medicine as applied to special circumstances associated with military operations.
Animate or inanimate sources which normally harbor disease-causing organisms and thus serve as potential sources of disease outbreaks. Reservoirs are distinguished from vectors (DISEASE VECTORS) and carriers, which are agents of disease transmission rather than continuing sources of potential disease outbreaks.
Absolute, comparative, or differential costs pertaining to services, institutions, resources, etc., or the analysis and study of these costs.
The inhabitants of a city or town, including metropolitan areas and suburban areas.
A multistage process that includes cloning, physical mapping, subcloning, determination of the DNA SEQUENCE, and information analysis.
Unforeseen occurrences, especially injuries in the course of work-related activities.
Health care services provided to patients on an ambulatory basis, rather than by admission to a hospital or other health care facility. The services may be a part of a hospital, augmenting its inpatient services, or may be provided at a free-standing facility.
Control of drug and narcotic use by international agreement, or by institutional systems for handling prescribed drugs. This includes regulations concerned with the manufacturing, dispensing, approval (DRUG APPROVAL), and marketing of drugs.
Institutions with an organized medical staff which provide medical care to patients.
The application of molecular biology to the answering of epidemiological questions. The examination of patterns of changes in DNA to implicate particular carcinogens and the use of molecular markers to predict which individuals are at highest risk for a disease are common examples.
The interaction of persons or groups of persons representing various nations in the pursuit of a common goal or interest.
Observation of a population for a sufficient number of persons over a sufficient number of years to generate incidence or mortality rates subsequent to the selection of the study group.
The availability of HEALTH PERSONNEL. It includes the demand and recruitment of both professional and allied health personnel, their present and future supply and distribution, and their assignment and utilization.
A set of statistical methods used to group variables or observations into strongly inter-related subgroups. In epidemiology, it may be used to analyze a closely grouped series of events or cases of disease or other health-related phenomenon with well-defined distribution patterns in relation to time or place or both.
Persons who have acquired academic or specialized training in countries other than that in which they are working. The concept excludes physicians for which FOREIGN MEDICAL GRADUATES is the likely heading.
Regular course of eating and drinking adopted by a person or animal.
Notification or reporting by a physician or other health care provider of the occurrence of specified contagious diseases such as tuberculosis and HIV infections to designated public health agencies. The United States system of reporting notifiable diseases evolved from the Quarantine Act of 1878, which authorized the US Public Health Service to collect morbidity data on cholera, smallpox, and yellow fever; each state in the US has its own list of notifiable diseases and depends largely on reporting by the individual health care provider. (From Segen, Dictionary of Modern Medicine, 1992)
The enactment of laws and ordinances and their regulation by official organs of a nation, state, or other legislative organization. It refers also to health-related laws and regulations in general or for which there is no specific heading.
The administrative procedures involved with acquiring TISSUES or organs for TRANSPLANTATION through various programs, systems, or organizations. These procedures include obtaining consent from TISSUE DONORS and arranging for transportation of donated tissues and organs, after TISSUE HARVESTING, to HOSPITALS for processing and transplantation.
The science, art or practice of cultivating soil, producing crops, and raising livestock.
Authoritative treatises on drugs and preparations, their description, formulation, analytic composition, physical constants, main chemical properties used in identification, standards for strength, purity, and dosage, chemical tests for determining identity and purity, etc. They are usually published under governmental jurisdiction (e.g., USP, the United States Pharmacopoeia; BP, British Pharmacopoeia; P. Helv., the Swiss Pharmacopoeia). They differ from FORMULARIES in that they are far more complete: formularies tend to be mere listings of formulas and prescriptions.
Conversations with an individual or individuals held in order to obtain information about their background and other personal biographical data, their attitudes and opinions, etc. It includes school admission or job interviews.
The presence of co-existing or additional diseases with reference to an initial diagnosis or with reference to the index condition that is the subject of study. Comorbidity may affect the ability of affected individuals to function and also their survival; it may be used as a prognostic indicator for length of hospital stay, cost factors, and outcome or survival.
Collection, analysis, and interpretation of data about the frequency, distribution, and consequences of disease or health conditions, for use in the planning, implementing, and evaluating public health programs.
Undertaking a task involving a challenge for achievement or a desirable goal in which there is a lack of certainty or a fear of failure. It may also include the exhibiting of certain behaviors whose outcomes may present a risk to the individual or to those associated with him or her.
Diseases which have one or more of the following characteristics: they are permanent, leave residual disability, are caused by nonreversible pathological alteration, require special training of the patient for rehabilitation, or may be expected to require a long period of supervision, observation, or care. (Dictionary of Health Services Management, 2d ed)
Exercise of governmental authority to control conduct.
A systematic statement of policy rules or principles. Guidelines may be developed by government agencies at any level, institutions, professional societies, governing boards, or by convening expert panels. The text may be cursive or in outline form but is generally a comprehensive guide to problems and approaches in any field of activity. For guidelines in the field of health care and clinical medicine, PRACTICE GUIDELINES AS TOPIC is available.
Health insurance plans intended to reduce unnecessary health care costs through a variety of mechanisms, including: economic incentives for physicians and patients to select less costly forms of care; programs for reviewing the medical necessity of specific services; increased beneficiary cost sharing; controls on inpatient admissions and lengths of stay; the establishment of cost-sharing incentives for outpatient surgery; selective contracting with health care providers; and the intensive management of high-cost health care cases. The programs may be provided in a variety of settings, such as HEALTH MAINTENANCE ORGANIZATIONS and PREFERRED PROVIDER ORGANIZATIONS.
Genotypic differences observed among individuals in a population.
Sexual activities of humans.
The number of beds which a hospital has been designed and constructed to contain. It may also refer to the number of beds set up and staffed for use.
Postnatal deaths from BIRTH to 365 days after birth in a given population. Postneonatal mortality represents deaths between 28 days and 365 days after birth (as defined by National Center for Health Statistics). Neonatal mortality represents deaths from birth to 27 days after birth.
Innovation and improvement of the health care system by reappraisal, amendment of services, and removal of faults and abuses in providing and distributing health services to patients. It includes a re-alignment of health services and health insurance to maximum demographic elements (the unemployed, indigent, uninsured, elderly, inner cities, rural areas) with reference to coverage, hospitalization, pricing and cost containment, insurers' and employers' costs, pre-existing medical conditions, prescribed drugs, equipment, and services.
A species of FLAVIVIRUS, one of the Japanese encephalitis virus group (ENCEPHALITIS VIRUSES, JAPANESE). It can infect birds and mammals. In humans, it is seen most frequently in Africa, Asia, and Europe presenting as a silent infection or undifferentiated fever (WEST NILE FEVER). The virus appeared in North America for the first time in 1999. It is transmitted mainly by CULEX spp mosquitoes which feed primarily on birds, but it can also be carried by the Asian Tiger mosquito, AEDES albopictus, which feeds mainly on mammals.
Health services required by a population or community as well as the health services that the population or community is able and willing to pay for.
Studies in which individuals or populations are followed to assess the outcome of exposures, procedures, or effects of a characteristic, e.g., occurrence of disease.

Racing problems in the U.S.A. (1/58711)

The major problems of racing in the United States at the present time are caused by too much racing. This has led to too few horses and small fields. Consequently many owners and trainers are trying to enter their horses too frequently and to race them when they are not really fit to run. The desire to race horses as frequently as possible has led to constant pressure from horsemen through their organizations for so called "permissive medication". Started in the state of Colorado approximately ten years ago this has grown until finally there are only a few states, notably New York and New Jersey that have resisted the pressure. The drug that gave the opening wedge to permissive medication was phenylbutazone, but this in many states has led to the inclusion of other drugs including analgesics and drugs that veterinarians claim are needed for therapeutic purposes. Some states have endeavoured to control phenylbutazone medication by quantitation and while lower limits cause little difficulty, maximum allowable limits have caused problems and are not practical. While there has been no publicity to my knowledge about frusemide (furosemide, lasix) the abuse of this drug for so called "bleeders" is an example that may seriously interfere with drug detection in urine and its use should be confined to proven "bleeders" (i.e. horses suffering from epistaxis). Pre-race blood testing began roughly ten years ago at the harness tracks and has been resisted by our flat tracks rather successfully up to the present time. The blood testing methods and those used by the same laboratories in post-race urine testing is inadequate and will not detect many illegal drugs.  (+info)

Myths, models and mitigation of resistance to pesticides. (2/58711)

Resistance to pesticides in arthropod pests is a significant economic, ecological and public health problem. Although extensive research has been conducted on diverse aspects of pesticide resistance and we have learned a great deal during the past 50 years, to some degree the discussion about 'resistance management' has been based on 'myths'. One myth involves the belief that we can manage resistance. I will maintain that we can only attempt to mitigate resistance because resistance is a natural evolutionary response to environmental stresses. As such, resistance will remain an ongoing dilemma in pest management and we can only delay the onset of resistance to pesticides. 'Resistance management' models and tactics have been much discussed but have been tested and deployed in practical pest management programmes with only limited success. Yet the myth persists that better models will provide a 'solution' to the problem. The reality is that success in using mitigation models is limited because these models are applied to inappropriate situations in which the critical genetic, ecological, biological or logistic assumptions cannot be met. It is difficult to predict in advance which model is appropriate to a particular situation; if the model assumptions cannot be met, applying the model sometimes can increase the rate of resistance development rather than slow it down. Are there any solutions? I believe we already have one. Unfortunately, it is not a simple or easy one to deploy. It involves employing effective agronomic practices to develop and maintain a healthy crop, monitoring pest densities, evaluating economic injury levels so that pesticides are applied only when necessary, deploying and conserving biological control agents, using host-plant resistance, cultural controls of the pest, biorational pest controls, and genetic control methods. As a part of a truly multi-tactic strategy, it is crucial to evaluate the effect of pesticides on natural enemies in order to preserve them in the cropping system. Sometimes, pesticide-resistant natural enemies are effective components of this resistance mitigation programme. Another name for this resistance mitigation model is integrated pest management (IPM). This complex model was outlined in some detail nearly 40 years ago by V. M. Stern and colleagues. To deploy the IPM resistance mitigation model, we must admit that pest management and resistance mitigation programmes are not sustainable if based on a single-tactic strategy. Delaying resistance, whether to traditional pesticides or to transgenic plants containing toxin genes from Bacillus thuringiensis, will require that we develop multi-tactic pest management programmes that incorporate all appropriate pest management approaches. Because pesticides are limited resources, and their loss can result in significant social and economic costs, they should be reserved for situations where they are truly needed--as tools to subdue an unexpected pest population outbreak. Effective multi-tactic IPM programmes delay resistance (= mitigation) because the number and rates of pesticide applications will be reduced.  (+info)

Bioterrorism alleging use of anthrax and interim guidelines for management--United States, 1998. (3/58711)

From October 30 through December 23, 1998, CDC received reports of a series of bioterroristic threats of anthrax exposure. Letters alleged to contain anthrax were sent to health clinics on October 30, 1998, in Indiana, Kentucky, and Tennessee. During December 17-23 in California, a letter alleged to contain anthrax was sent to a private business, and three telephone threats of anthrax contamination of ventilation systems were made to private and public buildings. All threats were hoaxes and are under investigation by the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) and local law enforcement officials. The public health implications of these threats were investigated to assist in developing national public health guidelines for responding to bioterrorism. This report summarizes the findings of these investigations and provides interim guidance for public health authorities on bioterrorism related to anthrax.  (+info)

Physician advice and individual behaviors about cardiovascular disease risk reduction--seven states and Puerto Rico, 1997. (4/58711)

Cardiovascular disease (CVD) (e.g., heart disease and stroke) is the leading cause of death in the United States and accounted for 959,227 deaths in 1996. Strategies to reduce the risk for heart disease and stroke include lifestyle changes (e.g., eating fewer high-fat and high-cholesterol foods) and increasing physical activity. The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force and the American Heart Association (AHA) recommend that, as part of a preventive health examination, all primary-care providers counsel their patients about a healthy diet and regular physical activity. AHA also recommends low-dose aspirin use as a secondary preventive measure among persons with existing CVD. To determine the prevalence of physician counseling about cardiovascular health and changes in individual behaviors, CDC analyzed data from the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS) for seven states and Puerto Rico. This report summarizes the results of that analysis, which indicate a lower prevalence of counseling and behavior change among persons without than with a history of heart disease or stroke.  (+info)

Cardiovascular disease in insulin dependent diabetes mellitus: similar rates but different risk factors in the US compared with Europe. (5/58711)

BACKGROUND: Cardiovascular disease (CVD) in insulin dependent diabetes mellitus (IDDM) has been linked to renal disease. However, little is known concerning international variation in the correlations with hyperglycaemia and standard CVD risk factors. METHODS: A cross-sectional comparison was made of prevalence rates and risk factor associations in two large studies of IDDM subjects: the Pittsburgh Epidemiology of Diabetes Complications Study (EDC) and the EURODIAB IDDM Complications Study from 31 centres in Europe. Subgroups of each were chosen to be comparable by age and duration of diabetes. The EDC population comprises 286 men (mean duration 20.1 years) and 281 women (mean duration 19.9 years); EURODIAB 608 men (mean duration 18.1 years) and 607 women (mean duration 18.9 years). The mean age of both populations was 28 years. Cardiovascular disease was defined by a past medical history of myocardial infarction, angina, and/or the Minnesota ECG codes (1.1-1.3, 4.1-4.3, 5.1-5.3, 7.1). RESULTS: Overall prevalence of CVD was similar in the two populations (i.e. men 8.6% versus 8.0%, women 7.4% versus 8.5%, EURODIAB versus EDC respectively), although EDC women had a higher prevalence of angina (3.9% versus 0.5%, P < 0.001). Multivariate modelling suggests that glycaemic control (HbA1c) is not related to CVD in men. Age and high density lipoprotein cholesterol predict CVD in EURODIAB, while triglycerides and hypertension predict CVD in EDC. For women in both populations, age and hypertension (or renal disease) are independent predictors. HbA1c is also an independent predictor-inversely in EURODIAB women (P < 0.008) and positively in EDC women (P = 0.03). Renal disease was more strongly linked to CVD in EDC than in EURODIAB. CONCLUSIONS: Despite a similar prevalence of CVD, risk factor associations appear to differ in the two study populations. Glycaemic control (HbA1c) does not show a consistent or strong relationship to CVD.  (+info)

Novel endotheliotropic herpesviruses fatal for Asian and African elephants. (6/58711)

A highly fatal hemorrhagic disease has been identified in 10 young Asian and African elephants at North American zoos. In the affected animals there was ultrastructural evidence for herpesvirus-like particles in endothelial cells of the heart, liver, and tongue. Consensus primer polymerase chain reaction combined with sequencing yielded molecular evidence that confirmed the presence of two novel but related herpesviruses associated with the disease, one in Asian elephants and another in African elephants. Otherwise healthy African elephants with external herpetic lesions yielded herpesvirus sequences identical to that found in Asian elephants with endothelial disease. This finding suggests that the Asian elephant deaths were caused by cross-species infection with a herpesvirus that is naturally latent in, but normally not lethal to, African elephants. A reciprocal relationship may exist for the African elephant disease.  (+info)

Prevalence of peripheral arterial disease and associated risk factors in American Indians: the Strong Heart Study. (7/58711)

Studies of peripheral arterial disease (PAD) in minority populations provide researchers with an opportunity to evaluate PAD risk factors and disease severity under different types of conditions. Examination 1 of the Strong Heart Study (1989-1992) provided data on the prevalence of PAD and its risk factors in a sample of American Indians. Participants (N = 4,549) represented 13 tribes located in three geographically diverse centers in the Dakotas, Oklahoma, and Arizona. Participants in this epidemiologic study were aged 45-74 years; 60% were women. Using the single criterion of an ankle brachial index less than 0.9 to define PAD, the prevalence of PAD was approximately 5.3% across centers, with women having slightly higher rates than men. Factors significantly associated with PAD in univariate analyses for both men and women included age, systolic blood pressure, hemoglobin A1c level, albuminuria, fibrinogen level, fasting glucose level, prevalence of diabetes mellitus, and duration of diabetes. Multiple logistic regression analyses were used to predict PAD for women and men combined. Age, systolic blood pressure, current cigarette smoking, pack-years of smoking, albuminuria (micro- and macro-), low density lipoprotein cholesterol level, and fibrinogen level were significantly positively associated with PAD. Current alcohol consumption was significantly negatively associated with PAD. In American Indians, the association of albuminuria with PAD may equal or exceed the association of cigarette smoking with PAD.  (+info)

Reliability of information on physical activity and other chronic disease risk factors among US women aged 40 years or older. (8/58711)

Data on chronic disease risk behaviors and related variables, including barriers to and attitudes toward physical activity, are lacking for women of some racial/ethnic groups. A test-retest study was conducted from July 1996 through June 1997 among US women (n = 199) aged 40 years or more who were white, black, American Indian/Alaska Native, or Hispanic. The sample was selected and interviews were conducted using a modified version of the methods of the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System. For behavioral risk factors such as physical inactivity, smoking, and low fruit and vegetable consumption, group prevalences were generally similar between interviews 1 and 2. However, kappa values for selected physical activity variables ranged from 0.26 to 0.51 and tended to be lower for black women. Discordance was low for variables on cigarette smoking and exposure to environmental tobacco smoke (kappa = 0.64-0.92). Discordance was high (kappa = 0.33) for low consumption of fruits and vegetables. Additional variables for barriers to and access to exercise ranged widely across racial/ethnic groups and in terms of measures of agreement. These methods illustrate an efficient way to sample and assess the reliability of data collected from women of racial/ethnic minority groups.  (+info)

The First Nations Health Authority (FNHA) is a health service delivery organization responsible for administering a variety of health programs and service for First Nations people living in BC. The FNHA is part of a First Nations Health Governance Structure in BC that includes the First Nations Health Council and First Nations Health Directors Association. The First Nations Health Authority emerged from a number of Tripartite agreements between BC First Nations, the Province of BC, and the Government of Canada that included the Transformative Change Accord: First Nations Health Plan [2006],[1] Tripartite First Nations Health Plan [2007],[2] and the Tripartite Framework Agreement on First Nations Health Governance.[3] A first for Canada, the FNHA is the first province-wide First Nations Health Authority in Canada. The FNHA plans, designs, manages and funds the delivery of First Nations health programs and services in BC. These community-based services are largely focused on health promotion and ...
The Community Guide is an essential resource for people who want to know what works in public health. The Community Guide provides evidence-based findings from the Community Preventive Services Task Force about community-based programs, services, and policies (interventions) to improve health. The Community Guide contains hundreds of Task Force findings, along with the systematic reviews on which they are based.
Content Source: The Guide to Community Preventive Services. Disclaimer: The findings and conclusions on this page are those of the Community Preventive Services Task Force and do not necessarily represent those of CDC. Task force evidence-based recommendations are not mandates for compliance or spending. Instead, they provide information and options for decision makers and stakeholders to consider when determining which programs, services, and policies best meet the needs, preferences, available resources, and constraints of their constituents.. ...
Here, we focus on 14 GCMs and evaluate seasonally and regionally averaged skills in DTPs over the continental United States. Moreover, we address the limitations in skill and spatial resolution in the GCM outputs using two data-driven approaches: (1) quantile-based bias correction and (2) linear regression-based statistical downscaling.. Salvi, K., G. Villarini, G.A. Vecchi, and S. Ghosh, Decadal temperature predictions over the continental United States: Analysis and enhancement, Climate Dynamics, 49, 3587-3604, 2017.. ...
Topics such as sales and sales revenue overview, production market share by product type, capacity and production overview, import, export, and consumption are covered under the development trend section of the United States Adult and Pediatric Hemoconcentrators Market report.. Lastly, the feasibility analysis of new project investment is done in the report, which consist of a detailed SWOT analysis of the United States Adult and Pediatric Hemoconcentrators Market.. No. of Report Pages: 121. Price (Single User Licence): $ 3800. Purchase the United States Adult and Pediatric Hemoconcentrators Market Report at: https://www.absolutereports.com/purchase/10553756 About Absolute Reports:. Absolute Reports is an upscale platform to help key personnel in the business world in strategizing and taking visionary decisions based on facts and figures derived from in depth market research. We are one of the top report resellers in the market, dedicated towards bringing you an ingenious concoction of data ...
Only addresses within the continental United States are eligible for free shipping. Normal shipping rates will apply for addresses outside of the continental United States.. Oversized Freight Fee - Some products are oversized and require additional freight fees to ship. All addresses within the continental United States will incur an additional $350.00 oversized freight fee for these products.. Outside Continental United States - Shipping outside the continental United States requires additional shipping costs after an order is placed. These shipping costs will vary based on address, time of purchase, and products purchased, including oversized freight fees. A sales representative will confirm your order and additional shipping costs before being finalized.. Email us at [email protected] for more information.. ...
Choose from 91446 experienced pediatricians near the Continental United States. Filter by insurance. Free booking. No ads. Unbiased analysis of every doctor in America.
Choose from 49218 experienced pregnancy doctors near the Continental United States. Filter by insurance. Free booking. No ads. Unbiased analysis of every doctor in America.
It is best to clean the entire surface area of the fabric to avoid water rings and stains.{Shipping} If in stock, most orders ship within 48 hours. If your project is time sensitive please contact us.. A FLAT RATE of $9.99 is offered for all orders under $75.00 shipped within the Continental United States. FREE SHIPPING is offered for all orders over $75.00 shipped within the Continental United States. No Coupon Code required.. FREE Sample Shipping within the Continental United States.. UPS ground and expedited options are also offered for your convenience. For orders shipping outside the Continental United States, UPS rates appear during checkout for you to choose from.. {Samples} You can order a sample of this product by simply clicking the Order Sample button to order 1 sample.. Please note; dye lots colors do vary and the sample you receive may not be cut from the same lot as the fabric you may purchase. Sample Size is approximately 3 x 6.. All sample orders ship free via U.S.P.S. and ...
Heterogeneity in capture probabilities is known to produce bias in the dual system estimates that have been used to estimate census coverage in U.S. Censuses since 1980. Triple system estimation using an administrative records list as a third source along with the census and coverage measurement survey has the potential to produce estimates with less bias. This is particularly important for hard-to-reach populations. The article presents potential statistical methods for the estimation of net census undercount using three systems for obtaining population information: (1) a decennial census; (2) an independent enumeration of the population in a sample of block clusters; and (3) administrative records. The 2010 Census Match Study will create census-like files for the entire nation using federal and commercial sources of administrative records. The 2010 Census Coverage Measurement Survey is an enumeration in a sample of block clusters that is independent of the 2010 decennial Census. ...
No. 1: Comparative Effectiveness of Percutaneous Coronary Interventions and Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting for Patients with Coronary Artery Disease. View final report.. No. 2: Future Research Needs for the Treatment of Common Hip Fractures. View final report.. No. 3: Future Research Needs for the Integration of Mental Health/Substance Abuse and Primary Care. View final report.. No. 4: Future Research Needs for Comparative Effectiveness of Treatments of Localized Prostate Cancer. View final report.. No. 5: Future Research Needs To Reduce the Risk of Primary Breast Cancer in Women. View final report.. No. 6: Future Research Needs for Outcomes of Weight Gain in Pregnancy. View final report.. No. 7: Future Research Needs for the Management of Gestational Diabetes. View final report.. No. 8: Future Research Needs for Angiotensin Converting Enzyme Inhibitors or Angiotensin II Receptor Blockers Added to Standard Medical Therapy for Treating Stable Ischemic Heart Disease. View final report.. No. 9: ...
The East Asian Social Survey (EASS) is a biennial social survey project that serves as a cross-national network of the following four General Social Survey type surveys in East Asia: Chinese General Social Survey (CGSS), Japanese General Social Survey (JGSS), Korean General Social Survey (KGSS), Taiwan Social Change Survey (TSCS), and comparatively examines diverse aspects of social life in these regions. Survey information in this module focuses on family dynamics and includes demographic variables such as the number of family members, the number of younger and older siblings, the number of sons and daughters, and whether family members are alive or deceased. Respondents were also queried about specific information pertaining to family members and children not co-residing with them, such as, sex and birth order, age, marital status, residence status, contact frequency, employment status, and relation to the respondent. Other information collected includes attitudes toward financial support from ...
Free shipping is available to all who live within the continental United States.. • This product can be delivered to certain areas outside the continental United States for a shipping fee. You may add this product to your shopping cart in addition to any other items you wish to purchase, check out, and we will contact you by email or phone with a total shipping charge if you live outside the continental United States (assuming the product can be shipped to your area). You may then decide whether to proceed with your order, as I will not process payment until receiving approval from you for any applicable shipping charges. Alternatively, you may contact me with the product you wish to order and your full mailing address, as I will reply with a shipping quote and availability in your area.. ...
Free shipping is available to all who live within the continental United States.. • This product can be delivered to certain areas outside the continental United States for a shipping fee. You may add this product to your shopping cart in addition to any other items you wish to purchase, check out, and we will contact you by email or phone with a total shipping charge if you live outside the continental United States (assuming the product can be shipped to your area). You may then decide whether to proceed with your order, as I will not process payment until receiving approval from you for any applicable shipping charges. Alternatively, you may contact me with the product you wish to order and your full mailing address, as I will reply with a shipping quote and availability in your area.. ...
Great News - We have a dedicated International Store just for you! It looks like you are visiting from outside the continental United States. If you would like to shop and ship any products outside the continental United States you must order from our International Store. It is optimized specifically for our customers outside of the continental United States. ...
The U.S. Census Bureau released today American Community Surveys five-year estimates for 2014. These data cover information for small area populations and are important in analyzing neighborhood characteristics. The American Community Survey is an...
A new Census Atlas is now available online from the United States Census Bureau Census Atlas of the United States, the first comprehensive atlas of population and housing produced by the Census Bureau since the 1920s. The Census Atlas is a large-format publication about 300 pages long and containing almost 800 maps. Data from decennial censuses prior to 2000 support nearly 150 maps and figures, providing context and an historical perspective for many of the topics presented. A variety of topics are covered in the Census Atlas, ranging from language and ancestry characteristics to housing patterns and the geographic distribution of the population. A majority of the maps in the Census Atlas present data at the county level, but data also are sometimes mapped by state, census tract (for largest cities and metropolitan areas), and for selected American Indian reservations. The book is modern, colorful, and includes a variety of map styles and data symbolization techniques. United States Census ...
The guest side from Hoffenheim Eurojackpot Vergleichen their last game of the Bundesliga against Bayer 04 Leverkusen with Please note: All times UK. Tables are subject to change. The BBC is not responsible for any changes that may be made. Italian Serie A Table.. Search Enter a team or competition Search. D Drew 2 - 2 against Hellas Verona on November 8th W Won 3 - 1 against Napoli on November 22nd W Won 2 - 0 against Fiorentina on November 29th W Won 2 - 1 against Sampdoria on December 6th D Drew 1 - 1 against Atalanta on November 8th W Won 4 - 2 against Torino on November 22nd W Won 3 - 0 against Sassuolo on November 28th W Won 3 - 1 against Bologna on December 5th W Won 1 - 0 against Bologna on November 8th W Won 4 - 0 against Roma on November 29th W Won 4 - 0 against Crotone on December 6th D Drew 1 - 1 against Lazio on November 8th W Won 2 - 0 against Cagliari on November 21st D Drew 1 - 1 against Benevento on November 28th W Won 2 - 1 against Torino on December 5th D Drew 0 - 0 against ...
The Who, What, and Where of America: Understanding the American Community Survey pulls details from the American Community Survey (ACS) which provides a portrait of America at a certain point in...
Following our report from earlier this morning suggesting the Motorola ATRIX 4G would become available on February 22nd, AT&T has reached out to clarify launch details surrounding the anticipated device. Motorolas ATRIX 4G will indeed launch on February 22nd in AT&T stores across the country for $199.99. Pre-sales of the Motorola ATRIX 4G began earlier this week on February 13th, and customers who pre-ordered the phone for home delivery will see their orders ship on February 21st. Customers who pre-ordered their phones and opted to have them shipped to a local AT&T store will be able to pick them up on February 21st, one day ahead of general availability. The Motorola ATRIX 4G, which BGR reviewed earlier this month, features a dual-core 1GHz Tegra 2 processor, a 4-inch qHD touchscreen display, 1GB of RAM and version 2.2 of Googles Android operating system.. ...
A professional association may render a particular professional service only through officers, employees, and agents who are themselves duly licensed, certificated, or otherwise legally authorized to render the professional service within this state. As used in this section, employee does not include clerks, bookkeepers, technicians, or other individuals who are not usually and ordinarily considered by custom and practice to be rendering a particular professional service for which a license, certificate, or other legal authorization is required and does not include any other person who performs all of that persons employment under the direct supervision and control of an officer, agent, or employee who renders a particular professional service to the public on behalf of the professional association. No professional association formed for the purpose of providing a combination of the professional services, as defined in section 1785.01 of the Revised Code, of optometrists authorized under ...
In emergency medicine, there is an ongoing debate regarding patients who use the emergency department (ED) as their usual source of medical care-an arguably costly and inefficient pattern of utilization. However, there are few accurate national data on the prevalence of such usage. This analysis uses the 1998 National Health Interview Survey to estimate the number of Americans who name the ED as their usual source of care, and compares their characteristics with those who have a usual source of care other than the ED. Poverty, lack of insurance, younger age, male gender, and minority race or ethnicity predicted identifying the ED as the usual source of care. ...
The Yukon First Nations Health Promotion Spring School 2007 (May 28-June 1) brought together community-based First Nations health resource workers from across the Yukon to develop ways of promoting health on issues of importance to their communities. Participants selected one of the following five priority issues to focus on during the course: diabetes, depression, substance use, food security and residential school.. Working through a 6 step planning process, participants identified key individuals and agencies, background information, goals, objectives, strategies, activities and indicators for each issue. These results are visually presented to be of interest to a range of audiences, both in the video of Spring School 07 and in the main part of this document. Results are also available in report format in the appendix to provide additional details.. This document and an accompanying movie were developed to allow future updates as additional ideas and information become available. The ...
As the nations health protection agency, CDC saves lives and protects people from health, safety, and security threats. As the nations health protection agency, CDC saves lives and protects people from health, safety, and security threats. As the nations health protection agency, CDC saves lives and protects people from health, safety, and security threats. As the nations health protection agency, CDC saves lives and protects people from health, safety, and security threats. As the nations health protection agency, CDC saves lives and protects people from health, safety, and security threats. ...
The American Community Survey (ACS) is a part of the Decennial Census Program, and is designed to produce critical information about the characteristics of local communities. The ACS publishes social, housing, and economic characteristics for demographic groups covering a broad spectrum of geographic areas in the United States and Puerto Rico. Every year the ACS supports the release of single-year estimates for geographic areas with populations of 65,000 or more. Demographic variables include sex, age, relationship, households by type, race, and Hispanic origin. Social characteristics variables include school enrollment, educational attainment, marital status, fertility, grandparents caring for children, veteran status, disability status, residence one year ago, place of birth, United States citizenship status, year of entry, world region of birth of foreign born, language spoken at home, and ancestry. Variables focusing on economic characteristics include employment status, commuting to work, ...
Trend data from 1980 through the most recent year available were analyzed from the mortality component of the National Vital Statistics System and from 3 surveys conducted by the CDC National Center for Health Statistics, that is, the National Health Interview Survey (NHIS), the National Ambulatory Medical Care Survey, and the National Hospital Discharge Survey. Trend data from a fifth source, the National Hospital Ambulatory Medical Care Survey, were available beginning in 1992. The analysis included nationally representative samples of households health care visits and data compiled from death certificates for children 0 to 17 years of age. Analyses of recent data were stratified according to age group (0-4, 5-10, or 11-17 years), gender, and, when possible, race/ethnicity. Data for 2004-2005, the most recent period available for all data sets, were used to obtain stable estimates. Available race/ethnicity data ranged from broad categories of race (white or black) for the National Hospital ...
Trend data from 1980 through the most recent year available were analyzed from the mortality component of the National Vital Statistics System and from 3 surveys conducted by the CDC National Center for Health Statistics, that is, the National Health Interview Survey (NHIS), the National Ambulatory Medical Care Survey, and the National Hospital Discharge Survey. Trend data from a fifth source, the National Hospital Ambulatory Medical Care Survey, were available beginning in 1992. The analysis included nationally representative samples of households health care visits and data compiled from death certificates for children 0 to 17 years of age. Analyses of recent data were stratified according to age group (0-4, 5-10, or 11-17 years), gender, and, when possible, race/ethnicity. Data for 2004-2005, the most recent period available for all data sets, were used to obtain stable estimates. Available race/ethnicity data ranged from broad categories of race (white or black) for the National Hospital ...
For an article about 1880 census population schedules available for free online at FamilySearch Historical Record Collections see the U.S. Census Population Schedules, 1880 Wiki page. Ancestry.com (subscription site) has indexes and images of all 1880 federal censuses. HeritageQuestOnline.com (subscription site) has indexes and images of all 1880 federal censuses. A Soundex for each state indexing families with children age ten or less is also available on microfilm. For more details, see individual state census Wiki pages. For tips if the first census index search does not work, see the United States Census Searching Wiki page. ...
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West Nile virus (WNV) is a vector-borne illness that can severely affect human health. After introduction on the East Coast in 1999, the virus quickly spread and became established across the continental United States. However, there have been significant variations in levels of human WNV incidence spatially and temporally. In order to quantify these variations, we used Kulldorffs spatial scan statistic and Anselins Local Morans I statistic to uncover spatial clustering of human WNV incidence at the county level in the continental United States from 2002-2008. These two methods were applied with varying analysis thresholds in order to evaluate sensitivity of clusters identified. The spatial scan and Local Morans I statistics revealed several consistent, important clusters or hot-spots with significant year-to-year variation. In 2002, before the pathogen had spread throughout the country, there were significant regional clusters in the upper Midwest and in Louisiana and Mississippi. The largest and
Data were collected by Research Triangle Institute, Research Triangle Park, NC, and prepared for release by National Opinion Research Center, Chicago, IL.. The National Household Survey on Drug Abuse questionnaire and estimation methodology changed with the implementation of the 1994-B survey. Therefore, estimates produced from the 1996 survey are not comparable to those produced from the 1994-A and earlier surveys.. For selected variables, statistical imputation was performed following logical imputation to replace missing responses. These variables are identified in the codebook as ...LOGICALLY IMPUTED and ...imputed for the logical procedure or by the designation IMPUTATION-REVISED in the variable label when the statistical procedure was also performed. The names of statistically imputed variables begin with the letters IR. For each imputation-revised variable there is a corresponding imputation indicator variable that indicates whether a cases value on the variable resulted from an ...
Based on data from the National Longitudinal Mortality Study for 1979-85, life expectancies are estimated for white men and white women by education, by family income, and by employment status. Life expectancy varies directly with amount of schooling and with family income. Differences in life expectancy at age 25 between the highest and the...
Excerpt from authors abstract: Systematic reviews and evidence-based recommendations are increasingly important for decision making in health and medicine. Over the past 20 years, information on the science of synthesizing research results has exploded. However, some approaches to systematic reviews of the effectiveness of clinical preventive services and medical care may be less appropriate for evaluating population-based interventions. Furthermore, methods for linking evidence to recommendations are less well developed than methods for synthesizing evidence. The Guide to Community Preventive Services: Systematic Reviews and Evidence-Based Recommendations (the Guide) will evaluate and make recommendations on population-based and public health interventions. This paper provides an overview of the Guides process to systematically review evidence and translate that evidence into recommendations.. ...
The association of dietary quality and survival was examined among 6249 adults aged 45-74 years in the First National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 1971-74 who were traced at the 1987 NHANES I Epidemiologic Followup Survey. The baseline 24-hour recall diet was defined as poor quality if 5 or more nutrients of the 8 examined were below...
The National Survey on Drug Use and Health (NSDUH) series (formerly titled National Household Survey on Drug Abuse) primarily measures the prevalence and correlates of drug use in the United States. The surveys are designed to provide quarterly, as well as annual, estimates. Information is provided on the use of illicit drugs, alcohol, and tobacco among members of United States households aged 12 and older. Questions included age at first use as well as lifetime, annual, and past-month usage for the following drug classes: marijuana, cocaine (and crack), hallucinogens, heroin, inhalants, alcohol, tobacco, and nonmedical use of prescription drugs, including pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, and sedatives. The survey covered substance abuse treatment history and perceived need for treatment, and included questions from the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual (DSM) of Mental Disorders that allow diagnostic criteria to be applied. The survey included questions concerning treatment for both ...
1 ALBEMARLE-PAMLICO NATIONAL ESTUARY PARTNERSHIP Annual Work Plan for October 1, 2017 - September 30, 2018 under the Cooperative Agreement for October 1, 2014 to September 30, 2020 Between The United States Environmental Protection Agency And the North Carolina Department of Environmental Quality in Cooperation with the Commonwealth of Virginia Approved By APNEP Policy Board on February 24, 2017 ECU Greenville Center, Greenville, NC U.S. EPA Cooperative Agreement CE 00D20614 Region IV February24, 2017 APNEP Workplan 2017-18 February 24, 2017 2 TABLE OF CONTENTS CONTENTS & CONTACTS 3 INTRODUCTION 4 AUTHORITY 6 2016-17 PROJECTS & ACTIVITIES 8 2017-18 PROPOSED PROJECTS & ACTIVITIES 30 ADMINISTRATION AND FINANCIAL 35 FEDERAL COST SHARE (Budget) 42 NON-FEDERAL COST SHARE (Match) 45 TRAVEL 46 APPENDIX A: 2013 EPA Program Review Results 48 APPENDIX B: 2012-22 CCMP Goals and Outcomes 57 APNEP Workplan 2017-18 February 24, 2017 3 CONTENTS & CONTACTS Required Cooperative Agreement Related Contents in this ...
Browse Drug Czar Releases The National Survey On Drug Use And Health latest photos. View images and find out more about Drug Czar Releases The National Survey On Drug Use And Health at Getty Images.
Description: The American Community Survey (ACS) is a nationwide survey designed to provide communities a fresh look at how they are changing. The ACS replaced the decennial census long form in 2010 and thereafter by collecting long form type information throughout the decade rather than only once every 10 years. Questionnaires are mailed to a sample of addresses to obtain information about households -- that is, about each person and the housing unit itself. The American Community Survey produces demographic, social, housing and economic estimates in the form of 1-year, 3-year and 5-year estimates based on population thresholds. The strength of the ACS is in estimating population and housing characteristics. It produces estimates for small areas, including census tracts and population subgroups. Although the ACS produces population, demographic and housing unit estimates,it is the Census Bureaus Population Estimates Program that produces and disseminates the official estimates of the ...
Description: The American Community Survey (ACS) is a nationwide survey designed to provide communities a fresh look at how they are changing. The ACS replaced the decennial census long form in 2010 and thereafter by collecting long form type information throughout the decade rather than only once every 10 years. Questionnaires are mailed to a sample of addresses to obtain information about households -- that is, about each person and the housing unit itself. The American Community Survey produces demographic, social, housing and economic estimates in the form of 1-year, 3-year and 5-year estimates based on population thresholds. The strength of the ACS is in estimating population and housing characteristics. It produces estimates for small areas, including census tracts and population subgroups. Although the ACS produces population, demographic and housing unit estimates,it is the Census Bureaus Population Estimates Program that produces and disseminates the official estimates of the ...
1. The Board acknowledges the nominations for membership of the Boards Audit and Finance Committee (the AFC), Ethics and Governance Committee (the EGC), and Strategy Committee (SC), as set forth in GF/B35/ER02. 2. Accordingly, the Board approves the appointment of the following individuals to serve as voting members of the Committees listed below, representing the Board constituencies listed by their name: a. Audit and Finance Committee i. Gregoire Lacoin, European Commission Constituency; ii. Sylvie Bourdenet, France Constituency; iii. Erika Satterwhite, Private Sector Constituency; iv. Anthony Richard Garnett, United Kingdom Constituency; v. Michael Ruffner, United States Constituency; vi. Soltan Mammadov, Eastern Europe & Central Asia Constituency; vii. Thamer Al Hilfi, Eastern Mediterranean Constituency; viii. Grace Rwakarema, Eastern and Southern Africa Constituency; ix. Sugata Ghosh Dastidar, South East Asia Constituency; and x. Han Mengjie, Western Pacific Region Constituency. b. ...
The Guide for Developing a Community-Based Patient Safety Advisory Council consists of the following sections:. Chapter 2. Patient Safety Advisory Councils. This portion serves as an introduction to how and why patient advisory councils have become part of the patient safety movement. This portion of the guide will be most useful to individuals who are considering whether they want to develop a council. It includes a description of the benefits of creating a community-based patient advisory council for patients, health care providers, and the community. The information in this section could be used as justification and validation to gain support for developing a council from leadership and governing bodies. Particularly highlighted is the experience of the Aurora Health Care project, which led to the creation of this guide and is referred to throughout the guide as an exemplary model of a community-based advisory council.. Chapter 3. Steps to Creating a Patient Safety Advisory Council. This ...
This report uses 2002 to 2010 National Survey on Drug Use and Health (NSDUH) to assess the average number of adolescents aged 12 to 17 using substances for the first time per day for the year as a whole and for each month of the year. Substances examined include alcohol, cigarettes, cigars, marijuana, nonmedical use of prescription type drugs, inhalants, hallucinogens, and cocaine. Results are shown for each substance by month.. ...
Data Dictionary - Survey ACS 2006 (1-Year Estimates); American Community Survey Tables: 2006 (1-Year Estimates) (ACS06); Sensory Disability By Sex By Age By Employment Status For the Civilian Noninstitutionalized Population 16 to 64 Years; B18021001; Universe: Civilian noninstitutionalized population 16 to 64 years
Data Dictionary - Survey ACS 2012 (1-Year Estimates); American Community Survey 2012 (ACS12); B27003. Public Health Insurance Status By Sex By Age [57]
To monitor vaccination coverage among persons aged 16-20 years and aldara creme rezeptfrei 21-25 years http://2016.agi-open.com/aldara-5-cream-buy-online/. From 1999 to 2007, the death rate for homicide gradually declined to 0. In 2013 and 2014, the differences between death rates for motor vehicle traffic injury (4. Sociodemographic factors associated with report of having an MBDD included male sex, older age (aged 4-5 or 6-8 years compared with children with sealants. The amount of vegetables children ate did not change from 2003 to 2010. The findings in this report do not provide evidence that HIV-related risk behaviors nationwide, the prevalence of obesity among young black MSM compared with children with sealants.. This report presents national estimates of TV watching and computer use outside of the adolescent while providing welcoming, safe, and confidential care. Nearly half of all new infections among aldara creme rezeptfrei youth occur in African American males. Safe Healthcare Blog, ...
Via CNN.com: 75 million Americans under threat of severe weather. Click through for the full report and video. Excerpt: The scope is staggering. Some 75 million Americans are under threat of severe weather on Tuesday. People from the Great Lakes...
By Kuvee Kangueehi Aminuis President Hifikepunye Pohamba says every Namibian should be allowed to have access to the constituency offices in the regions, irrespective of their political affiliation. Officially opening the Aminuis Constituency office on Thursday, the Head of State said that despite the fact that regional councillors who are in charge of the offices, come on different political party tickets, they are required by law to serve everybody. Even if the great grandchildren of von Trotha came here, they should not be chased away. Pohamba said the facility, which was built at a cost of N$1,2 million, was built to serve as a source of information about government policies and programmes in the constituency. He said that in this manner the people could be informed about development plans and policies that affect their daily lives. With the completion of this office, the public can now visit the facility to obtain information and make enquiries about development of the constituency. The ...
Alcohol abuse and illicit drug use in the United States are major concerns of American households, as well as of the White House. This dissertation research evaluates alcohol abuse and controlled drug use by American workers in the context of various individual, organizational, and occupational settings. It tests the importation and organizational stress perspectives, the occupation subculture perspective, and the lifecycle wage compensation theory. The analyses are developed utilizing (1) logistic regression, (2) generalized linear modeling, including Poisson regression and negative binomial regression, (3) weighted modeling estimation, taking the clustering effects of complex survey design into account, and (4) the hierarchical growth curve modeling of intra- and inter-individual differences. Using data from the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth 1979â 1993, the 1997 National Household Survey on Drug Abuse, and the 1998 National Occupational Information Network (O*NET 98), I find that ...
Maintaining adequate staffing levels is crucial to the success of any field data collection study. However, for large national multi-year studies, like the National Survey on Drug Use and Health (NSDUH), staffing shortages on field interviewer teams are bound to happen due to attrition and planned or unplanned absences of local interviewers. When faced with these staffing issues, the NSDUH project employs a team of traveling field interviewers (TFIs) to help maintain high response rates and meet data collection deadlines.
The Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS) survey is conducted annually by the Division of Behavioral Surveillance (DBS) at the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). After the 2011 BRFSS survey was conducted, this summary data quality report was created, in order to present detailed descriptions of the 2011 BRFSS survey call outcomes in one document. This document, therefore, presents call summary information for each of the states and territories that participated in the 2011 BRFSS. All BRFSS data (with the exception of pilot study data) are collected by phone, and for the first time, cell phone and landline phone samples were used to produce a single data set using data collected from the 2011 BRFSS. The variables and outcomes provided herein are applicable to a combined data set of responses from landline- and cell phone-respondents within each of the states. The inclusion of data from cell phone interviews in the public release data is a major step forward for the ...
This report presents national estimates of sexual activity and contraceptive use among males and females aged 15-19 in the United States in 2011-2015.
There are thirteen constituencies in Finland. The citizens of each constituency elect members of parliament, ranging from 6 to 35 per constituency, except for 05 Åland, which elects one. The constituency division is based on the provinces in use from 1634 to 1997, and has remained in general the same since the first parliamentary election in 1907. In 1939 the electoral district of Northern Oulu was divided between the electoral districts of Lapland and Southern Oulu, Southern Oulu was then renamed to Oulu. After the war the electoral districts of Eastern and Western Vipuri, which lost much of their territories to the USSR, were united to the new electoral district of Kymi. At the same time Åland became a distinct electoral district. 1954 Helsinki was cut from Uusimaa. In 1962 Southern and Northern Vaasa electoral districts were united. 2015 the electoral districts of Kymi and Southern Savonia were united to South-Eastern Finland, and Northern Savonia and North Karelia to ...
The National Health Interview Survey (NHIS) and the Agency for Healthcare Research and Qualitys Medical Expenditure Panel Survey (MEPS) each release annual files. Beginning with the 1995 NHIS and the 1996 MEPS, these files can be linked. The NHIS/MEPS linkage files allow users to link persons in the MEPS public use files to the records of the same persons in the previous NHIS public use files. Please note that each years MEPS file contains only a subset of persons from the previous NHIS core person file. Also note that many of the NHIS files, particularly the sample adult file, will only match to a subset of the MEPS file and the resulting matched sample sizes may be quite small. The MEPS sample design variables (for variance estimation) and weights must be used for any analysis using a linked NHIS/MEPS file. In addition, the weights provided in the MEPS files would have to be adjusted to account for those persons who are in the MEPS files, but are not in the NHIS files. AHRQ will provide ...
Data are collected to assess various health behaviors such as physical activity, diet and alcohol consumption. For example, the Centers for Disease Control collect state data about U.S. residents regarding their health-related risk behaviors by using a powerful tool, the BRFSS. The Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System is the nations premier system of health-related telephone surveys that collect behavioral health risk data at the state and local level (Centers for Disease Control, 2014). The National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) assess the health and nutritional status of adults and children. The National Survey on Drug Use and Health collects data on the level and patterns of substance use. (National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016).. ...
ABSTRACT. Background: Cigarette smoking continues to be the leading cause of preventable morbidity and mortality in the United States, causing approximately 443,000 premature deaths annually.. Methods: The 2009 National Health Interview Survey and the 2009 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System were used to estimate national and state adult smoking prevalence, respectively. Cigarette smokers were defined as adults aged ≥18 years who reported having smoked ≥100 cigarettes in their lifetime and now smoke every day or some days.. Results: In 2009, 20.6% of U.S. adults aged ≥18 years were current cigarette smokers. Men (23.5%) were more likely than women (17.9%) to be current smokers. The prevalence of smoking was 31.1% among persons below the federal poverty level. For adults aged ≥25 years, the prevalence of smoking was 28.5% among persons with less than a high school diploma, compared with 5.6% among those with a graduate degree. Regional differences were observed, with the West ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Validating the New Primary Care Measure in the Medical Expenditure Panel Survey. AU - Olaisen, R. Henry. AU - Flocke, Susan A.. AU - Smyth, Kathleen A.. AU - Schluchter, Mark D.. AU - Koroukian, Siran M.. AU - Stange, Kurt C.. PY - 2020/1/1. Y1 - 2020/1/1. N2 - Background:The advancement of primary care research requires reliable and validated measures that capture primary care processes embedded within nationally representative datasets.Objective:The objective of this study was to assess the validity of a newly developed measure of primary care processes [Medical Expenditure Panel Survey (MEPS)-PC] with preliminary evidence of moderate to excellent reliability.Study Design:A retrospective cohort study of community-dwelling adults with history of office-based provider visit/s using the MEPS (2013-2014).Methods:The 3 MEPS-PC subscales (Relationship, Comprehensiveness, and Health Promotion) were tested for construct validity against known measures of primary care: Usual Source of ...
The increased use of neonicotinoid pesticides in the continental United States may have impacted bird populations and reduced bird diversity, according to a paper published in Nature Sustainability.. Bird biodiversity is declining at a marked rate. Bird populations in the United States have decreased by 29% since 1970, which has been attributed to various factors including the increased use of pesticides in agricultural production. Nicotine-based pesticides - known as neonicotinoids - have been used increasingly in the United States over recent decades. Previous research has shown that neonicotinoids are potentially toxic to birds and other non-target species. However, the impact of these pesticides on bird diversity in the United States is unclear.. Madhu Khanna and colleagues studied the effects of neonicotinoids on birds in the United States from 2008-2014. They analysed data from the North American Breeding Bird Survey to identify county-level changes for four different bird species groups - ...
The National Organization for Rare Disorders (NORD), the leading independent nonprofit organization representing the 30 million Americans with rare diseases, issued the following statement opposing the Graham-Cassidy plan to repeal and replace the Affordable Care Act (ACA):. The Senate is currently considering a proposal put forward by Senators Graham, Cassidy, Heller, and Johnson that would repeal and replace the Affordable Care Act (ACA). If passed, this plan (known as Graham-Cassidy) has the potential to jeopardize access to care for millions of individuals with rare diseases.. Once more we used our Principles for Health Coverage Reform published in February to evaluate this proposal. In doing so, we found that not only does this plan contain the same concerning aspects of the American Health Care Act (AHCA) and the Better Care Reconciliation Act (BCRA), but it also contains additional provisions that would further allow insurers to discriminate against individuals with pre-existing ...
Behavioral health trends in the United States : results from the 2014 National Survey on Drug Use and Health / Sarra L. Hedden [and six others ...
AbstractUsing paradata from a prior survey that is linked to a new survey can help a survey organization develop more effective sampling strategies. One example of this type of linkage or subsampling is between the National Health Interview Survey (NHIS) and the Medical Expenditure Panel Survey (MEPS). MEPS is a nationally representative sample of the U.S. civilian, noninstitutionalized population based on a complex multi-stage sample design. Each year a new sample is drawn as a subsample of households from the prior years NHIS. The main objective of this article is to examine how paradata from a prior survey can be used in developing a sampling scheme in a subsequent survey. A framework for optimal allocation of the sample in substrata formed for this purpose is presented and evaluated for the relative effectiveness of alternative substratification schemes. The framework is applied, using real MEPS data, to illustrate how utilizing paradata from the linked survey offers the possibility of making
Julia Schneider is a consultant with the Cardiovascular Health team for the National Association of Chronic Disease Directors. She has more than 14 years of state public health policy experience. In her current role, Julia supports initiatives addressing hypertension, Million Hearts®, cardiovascular health, and team-based care through cooperative agreements with CDCs Division for Heart Disease and Stroke Prevention as well as additional partners such as the American Heart Association. Julia also supports the development of deliverables for healthy eating and active living projects through CDCs Division for Nutrition, Physical Activity and Obesity. Prior to joining NACDD, Julia was the Director of Chronic Disease Prevention at the Association of State and Territorial Health Officials, where she managed several cooperative agreements supported by CDCs National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion. Julia oversaw training and provided technical assistance to State Health ...
The Navy Distinguished Service Medal is a military decoration of the United States Navy and United States Marine Corps which ... The eagle is surrounded by a blue enameled ring with the words, • UNITEDSTATES • OF • AMERICA • at the top and • NAVY • at ... "SECNAVINST 1650.1H Navy and Marine Corps Awards Manual" (PDF). United States Department of the Navy. 22 August 2006. Archived ... Awards and decorations of the United States military "Department of Defense Manual 1348.33 Volume 1" (pdf). Defense Technical ...
United States. Retrieved October 30, 2020. Pache, Juliana (August 14, 2018). "Doja Cat explains how she made her viral hit " ... United States. Retrieved October 30, 2020. Event occurs at 3:31CS1 maint: postscript (link) Cho, Regina (November 22, 2019). " ... Consequently, the single charted in countries such as Australia, Canada and the United States, the latter having the song peak ... She has also stated that she believes it isn't a "finished album", partially due to her constantly partying and being high on ...
United States. Retrieved November 9, 2018. SOD (November 12, 2018). "Exclusive! Y&R Casts New Fen". Soap Opera Digest. United ... United States: American Media, Inc. Odyssey Magazine Publishing Group Inc. Retrieved November 16, 2019. McElwain, Julie (August ... He stated that he chose that episode "because that day, I felt this outer body experience. I was not in control at all". Of his ... On the day the actor was informed of his nomination, Ehrich stated: "I've been in daydream all day. I feel like I was hit by an ...
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... (born July 13, 1992) is a World Cup alpine ski racer from the United States, and specializes in the speed ... 2 podiums - (2 DH) "Jacqueline WILES , Alpine Skiing , United States". m.Sochi2014.com. Sochi 2014 Olympic and Paralympic ...
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27-41 United States; United States. Congress. House. Committee on International Relations. Subcommittee on International ... Section 10 of the constitution states, 'The Government of the Federation of a State shall not adopt any religion as State ... Governor Ahmad Sani Yerima of Zamfara State, the first Nigerian Muslim-majority state to introduce Sharia in 2000, stated that ... United Arab Emirates 2012 International Religious Freedom Report U.S. Department of State (2013) "New group for those who ...
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United States. District Court (California : Southern District) Land Case 2 SD Report of the Surveyor General 1844 - 1886 ... With the cession of California to the United States following the Mexican-American War, the 1848 Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo ... Ranchos of California List of Ranchos of California Ogden Hoffman, 1862, Reports of Land Cases Determined in the United States ...
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a b c d e f g Kenneth Teitelbaum, Schooling for "Good Rebels": Socialist Education for Children in the United States, 1900-1920 ... Socialist Sunday Schools in the United States[edit]. Origins[edit]. The earliest known Socialist Sunday Schools (SSS) in the ... In the United States of America a radical Sunday School movement linked to the German-American socialist movement emerged in ... The first Socialist Sunday School on the Pacific coast of the United States was established in Oakland, California early in ...
On June 27, 2016, the Supreme Court of the United States denied the petition for a writ of certiorari.[5] ... the Supreme Court of the United States denied Sequenom's petition for a writ of certiorari.[5] ... Sue Nym, a pseudonymous biotech blogger, deplores the state of patent-eligibility jurisprudence: "Seemingly every new court ...
2010-11 United States network television schedule. References[edit]. *^ Andreeva, Nellie (2009-05-06). CW Drops Sundays In ... 2009-10 United States network television schedule. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia ... the 2009-10 network television schedule for the five major English-language commercial broadcast networks in the United States ... Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=2009-10_United_States_network_television_schedule&oldid=905135695" ...
United States. Language. English. Series. The Kingkiller Chronicle. Genre. Heroic fantasy. Published. 27 March 2007 DAW Books ... "The Name of The Wind The Kingkiller Chronicle Day One" California State Library Braille & Talking Book Library Catalog - ...
... in contrast to other countries including the United States, Canada and Australia.[8][9] In 1996, the UKSF introduced a ... The United Kingdom Special Forces (UKSF) is a directorate comprising the Special Air Service, the Special Boat Service, the ... Secretary of State for Defence Geoffrey Hoon (14 January 2002). "Special Forces". UK Parliament. House of Commons Hansard. ... "Ministry of Defence (United Kingdom). Archived from the original on 28 February 2014. Retrieved 21 February 2014.. ...
Office of the Second Permanent Under-Secretary of State (Royal Navy). *Office of the Second Permanent Under-Secretary of State ... Commander United Kingdom Strike Force- *Commander UK Carrier Strike Group. *Commander Littoral Strike Group ... Department of the Permanent Under-Secretary of State (Royal Navy). *Department of the Permanent Under-Secretary of State ( ... Office of the Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State for Defence for the Royal Navy (1967-1981) *Deputy Under-Secretary of ...
Find this book on the United States Library of Congress catalog. * Find this book in the National Agricultural Library catalog ... Find this book on the State Library of South Australia catalogue. * Find this book on the State Library of Western Australia ... Find this book in the San Diego State University library catalog. *Find this book in the San Jose State University library ... Public libraries by state. Alabama * Find this book in the Jefferson County Library Cooperative (Jefferson County, Alabama) ...
... was necessary when anthropologists aided the United States and its allies in World War II. Unable to visit Nazi Germany or ... One student who felt especially fond of Ruth Benedict was Ruth Landes.[13] Letters that Landes sent to Benedict state that she ... "Thirty-four nations are now united in a common cause-victory over Axis aggression, the military destruction of fascism" (p. 1 ... Doi stated that this claim clearly implies the former value system is inferior to the latter one. ...
The Federal Insecticide, Fungicide, and Rodenticide Act (FIFRA) is a United States federal law that set up the basic U.S. ... State primary enforcement responsibility Section 26 136w-2 Failure by the state to assure enforcement of state pesticides use ... EPA authority always supersedes state authority, and primary state authority can be rescinded if the state fails to assure safe ... Under FIFRA no individual may sell, use, nor distribute a pesticide not registered with the United States Environmental ...
"United States Census Bureau. May 24, 2020. Retrieved May 27, 2020.. *^ a b "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. ... County, state and federal services[edit]. The United States Postal Service operates the Baytown Main Post Office at 601 West ... "State and County Quick Facts". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 15, 2015. Retrieved March 4, ... "United States Geological Survey. October 25, 2007. Retrieved January 31, 2008.. *^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original ...
... the United States being a presidential system) they are led by a head of government who is also the head of state. The ... The United States federal executive departments are the principal units of the executive branch of the federal government of ... The heads of departments are members of the Cabinet of the United States, an executive organ that normally acts as an advisory ... Primary unit of the executive branch of the federal government of the United States ...
Location in the United States. Coordinates: 36°48′10″N 118°12′00″W / 36.80278°N 118.20000°W / 36.80278; -118.20000 ... The 2010 United States Census[Note 1] reported that Independence had a population of 669. The population density was 137.4 ... "United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on September 11, 2013. Retrieved 2008-01-31.. ... According to the United States Census Bureau, Independence covers an area of 4.9 square miles (13 km2), over 99% of it land. ...
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America. May 2011, 108 (22): 9196-201. PMC 3107287. ... Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America. May 2009, 106 (20): 8290-5. Bibcode:2009PNAS.. ...
This article incorporates text from the United States National Library of Medicine, which is in the public domain. ... Wikipedia articles incorporating text from the United States National Library of Medicine ...
The series premiered in the United States on January 23, 2016 on Sprout, a specialty television channel owned by Comcast's ... with concepts from Absolutely Cuckoo and participation by Universal Kids in the United States. The series was developed by Ceri ... In the United Kingdom, the Scottish Gaelic version was broadcast on BBC Alba,[12] and the English version was later premiered ...
The monastic state of the Teutonic Order (German: Deutschordensstaat) and its later German successor state of Prussia were ... This ensured for the first time that all the realms of what is now Spain would be united by one monarch under one nascent ... This state developed into modern Germany. The only princely member states of the Holy Roman Empire that have preserved their ... There are also numerous estimates for the Italian states that were formally part of the Empire: States of Imperial Italy by ...
"United States Food and Drug Administration. April 2015. Archived from the original on 18 September 2015. Retrieved 7 March 2016 ... The active ingredient in some OTC inhalers in the United States is listed as levmetamfetamine, the INN and USAN of ... nasal decongestant inhalers in the United States.[note 2] ...
The book takes particular aim at the pharmaceutical market in the United States during the period, citing extensive lists of ... as being one of the key catalysts for increased government regulation over food and drugs in the United States which led to the ... Schlink first released in 1933 by the Vanguard Press and manufactured in the United States of America. Its central argument ... The book goes on to state that the Pure Food and Drug Act of 1906 is not effective in arresting these trends, and real reform ...
In the United States, this is guided by the evidence-based guideline most recently updated in 2018 by the American College of ...
Sarah Robles is a weightlifter from the United States. --Marc Kupper,talk 07:56, 23 August 2016 (UTC) ... One of my specific difficulties is that US states are often referred two by two letter abbreviations which as someone from ... You reverted my edit stating that "claims need appropriate supporting references, not hyperbole from one journalist". However, ... But I guess that is the state of journalism (or lack thereof) these days... ...
... the United States 17.7 million, Indonesia 8.4 million, and Japan 6.8 million.[128] It is recognized as a global epidemic by the ... High-risk groups in the United States include: those over 45 years old; those with a first degree relative with diabetes; some ... Type 2 diabetes is now diagnosed as frequently as type 1 diabetes in teenagers in the United States.[13] ... of people with diabetes in the United States do not realize that they have the disease.[10] ...
... was born in on October 6, 1923 in Kollegal, in the Indian state of Karnataka. After graduating from University of ... He did his PhD work in T. P. Hilditch's lab at the University of Liverpool in United Kingdom. He researched on cottonseed ... In 1977, Achaya moved to the Central Food Technological Research Institute (CFTRI), Mysore as Consultant to the United Nations ...
United States *Celebrity. *Over the Top. *Spanish. Asia-Pacific. *Arab States. *Australia ...
United States[edit]. Main articles: Labor unions in the United States and Labor history of the United States ... In the United States, state level right-to-work laws mandate the open shop in some states. In Germany only open shops are legal ... United Kingdom[edit]. Main articles: Trade unions in the United Kingdom and History of trade unions in the United Kingdom ... In certain situations involving state public employees in the United States, such as California, "fair share laws" make it easy ...
In the United States, National Piña Colada Day is celebrated on 10 July.[16] ... The earliest known story states that in the 19th century, Puerto Rican pirate Roberto Cofresí, to boost his crew's morale, gave ...
Commercial operations in the United States[edit]. The East Ohio Gas Company built a full-scale commercial liquid natural gas ( ... Hrastar, John (2014). Liquid Natural Gas in the United States: A History (First ed.). Jefferson, North Carolina: McFarland & ... In the United States the beginnings of a public LNG Fueling capability is being put in place. An alternative fuelling centre ... However, on the West Coast of the United States, where up to three new LNG importation terminals were proposed before the U.S. ...
"Leg.state.nv.us. Retrieved 2015-04-10.. *^ "Why Inbound Marketing Works , Learning how to navigate Inbound". Cagerage.tv. 2015- ... Cage Rage Championships, also known as Cage Rage, was a United Kingdom-based, mixed martial arts promotion that premiered on 7 ... Martial Arts that were originally established by the New Jersey State Athletic Control Board and modified by the Nevada State ... Athletic Commission.[10] These rules have been adopted across the US in other states that regulate mixed martial arts. As a ...
He was born in Sydney but raised in the United States and studied at the Princeton University. From 1972 to 1978, he was the ... Mike Archer has stated that he is obsessed with bringing the thylacine back to life via cloning. He has said that his obsession ...
Ash dieback in the United Kingdom[edit]. The fungus was first found in Britain during February 2012 at sites that had received ... "Update on ash dieback (Chalara fraxinea) in Europe: New confirmed hosts and description of the perfect state". North American ... In March 2013 the Environment Secretary Owen Paterson announced that the United Kingdom Government is to plant a quarter of a ... On 9 November 2012 the United Kingdom Government unveiled its strategy. Environment Secretary Owen Paterson announced that it ...
Americans United or AU for short) is a 501(c)(3) nonprofit organization that advocates separation of church and state, a legal ... doctrine set forth in the Establishment Clause of the First Amendment to the United States Constitution, which says Congress ... Americans United for Separation of Church and State ( ... Americans United. for Separation of Church and State. 1310 L ... "Americans United for Separation of Church and State," "Americans United" and "Church & State" are registered trademarks of ...
George W. Bush, President of the United States of America. Address to the United Nations General Assembly September 23, 2003. ... As an original signer of the U.N. Charter, the United States of America is committed to the United Nations. And we show that ... For more than a decade, the United States has worked with Russia and other states of the former Soviet Union to dismantle, ... The United States has begun to carry out the Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief, aimed at preventing AIDS on a massive scale, and ...
OECD Reviews of Foreign Direct Investment: United States. The United States has become the largest recipient of foreign direct ... Venture Capital Policy Review: United States (STI Working Paper 2003/12) This paper analyses trends in the US venture capital ... Switzerland and the United States) whereby short-term qualitative indicators are used to "nowcast" a quantitative indicator, ... Has the openness of foreign markets to US firms affected FDI in the United States? What implications do US national security ...
United Kingdom and United States This paper constructs a broad measure of financial conditions for the United States, Japan, ... United States: Restoring fiscal sustainability The United States faces challenging budgetary prospects, as do most other OECD ... United States - external links to macroeconomic reports and data. External links to: recent economic data; current interest ... Implementing cost-effective policies in the United States to mitigate climate change The consensus view of scientists is that ...
United States portal North America portal Index of United States-related articles Lists of U.S. state topics Outline of the ... "United States" was originally plural in American usage. It described a collection of states-e.g., "the United States are." The ... and admitting new states; by 1848, the United States spanned the continent. Slavery was legal in the southern United States ... The United Nations assigns the United States an Education Index of 0.97, tying it for 12th in the world. The United States has ...
... In 2000, the United States achieved measles elimination (defined as interruption of year-round ... Confirmed measles cases in the United States are reported by state and local health departments to CDC using a standard case ... occurred outside the United States 7-21 days before rash onset and rash occurred within 21 days of entry into the United States ... FIGURE 2. Number of measles cases, by import status and week of rash onset (N = 222) - United States, 2011 ...
United StatesWikipedia:WikiProject United StatesTemplate:WikiProject United StatesUnited States articles. ... United StatesWikipedia:WikiProject United StatesTemplate:WikiProject United StatesUnited States articles. ... "United States," The United States," "United States of America," and "The United States of America." *The purpose of containing ... Isnt United States of America the official name of the U.S.? I would think that United States should redirect to United States ...
"United Natural Foods to Buy Grocery-Store Chain Supervalu in $2.9 Billion Deal". Retrieved 26 July 2018.. ... "Supervalu off stock market for first time since 1967 as United Natural Foods completes $2.9 billion deal". Star Tribune. ... On July 26, 2018, SuperValu announced that it had agreed to be purchased by Providence, RI-based United Natural Foods Inc., the ... On July 26, 2018, United Natural Foods agreed to buy Supervalu for $2.9 billion in cash.[24] ...
Supermarkets portal United States portal Companies portal Food portal Grocer List of supermarket chains in the United States ... "United Natural Foods to Buy Grocery-Store Chain Supervalu in $2.9 Billion Deal". Retrieved 26 July 2018. "UNFI Completes ... On July 26, 2018, SuperValu announced that it had agreed to be purchased by Providence, RI-based United Natural Foods Inc., the ... On July 26, 2018, United Natural Foods agreed to buy Supervalu for $2.9 billion in cash. On October 22, 2018, UNFI completed ...
Home » Policies and Measures » PAMS » United States. Weatherization and Intergovernmental Programs Office (WIPO). ... WIPO is an overarching program which manages the Weatherization Assistance Program and the State Energy Program. ... provides funding and technical assistance to its partners in state and local governments, Indian tribes, and international ...
Home » Policies and Measures » PAMS » United States. California Vehicle Greenhouse Gas Emissions Standards. ... California State - Assembly Bill No. 1493. Description:. On 22 July 2002, AB 1493 ("Pavley Global Warming Bill") directed the ... Although this waiver decision allows California to set its own standards for motor vehicles and for other states to follow the ... In June 2009 the US EPA granted a waiver allowing California to regulate GHG emissions from motor vehicles within the state, ...
The Fujitsu Value Calculator is a simple to use App which helps to pick out the business advantages of the Fujitsu hardware and to find a server or storage system that suits your personal requirements
About Fujitsu in the United States. At Fujitsu, were passionate about using technology to create a more inclusive, sustainable ...
... the United States has a long history of supporting the Bank Groups mission and addressing development challenges of vital ... United States At-A-Glance The United States was a leading force in the establishment of the World Bank in 1944 and remains the ... The World Bank In United States As the World Bank Groups largest shareholder, the United States has a long history of ... As the only World Bank shareholder that retains veto power over changes in the Banks structure, the United States plays a ...
23 April 2007 - Nationwide, United States of America. In the United States, Global Road Safety Week events will focus on teen ... United States of America. Make Roads Safe, North America, is composed of a diverse group of national, state, local, academic, ... 27 April 2007 - University Park Shopping Mall Parking lot, South Bend, Indiana, United States of America. As the finale of a 4 ... 28 April 2007 - Everett Mall 1402 SE Everett Mall Way, United States of America. Fun safety activities and prizes: Free t-shirt ...
... Applying for a U.S. passport outside the United States is different than applying inside the ... Travel.State.Gov > U.S. Passports , Apply For or Renew My Passport , Apply Outside the United States ... Travel.State.Gov > U.S. Passports , Apply For or Renew My Passport , Apply Outside the United States ... Your emergency contact does not have to be somebody in the United States, especially if you live permanently outside the United ...
United States v. Dixon, 413 F.3d 520 (5th Cir. 2005). See, e.g. United States v. Talbott, 78 F.3d 1183 (7th Cir. 1998); United ... Dixon v. United States, 548 U.S. 1 (2006), was a United States Supreme Court case concerning the level of proof required to ... 1994). Text of Dixon v. United States, 548 U.S. 1 (2006) is available from: CourtListener Justia Oyez (oral argument audio) ... United States ... may excuse conduct that would otherwise be punishable, but the existence of duress normally does not ...
Elkins v. United States, 266 F.2d 588 (9th Cir. 1959). Vile, John R. (2012). "Elkins v. United States (1960)". In Vile, Hudson ... which applied the exclusionary rule to the states. Elkins v. United States, 364 U.S. 206 (1960). This article incorporates ... Elkins v. United States, 364 U.S. 206 (1960), was a US Supreme Court decision that held the "silver platter doctrine", which ... In Lustig v. United States (1949), Justice Felix Frankfurter coined the silver platter doctrine, ruling that evidence gathered ...
United States (1925) Olmstead v. United States (1928) United States v. Ramsey (1977) California v. Acevedo (1991) United States ... United States v. Arnold, 533 F.3d 1003 (9th Cir. 2008), is a United States court case in which the United States Court of ... United States v. Arnold, 454 F. Supp. 2d 999 (C.D. Cal. 2006). EFF, Amicus brief in United States v. Arnold. United States v. ... United States v. Ickes, 393 F.3d 501 (4th Cir. 2005). Docket for 08-6708 Arnold v. United States United States v. Arnold, ...
v. United States, Amos v. United States, Gouled v. United States, and Agnello v. United States), and concludes that there is no ... v. United States, 251 U.S. 385 (1920) Amos v. United States, 255 U.S. 313 (1921) Gouled v. United States, 255 U.S. 298 (1921) ... United States List of United States Supreme Court cases, volume 277 Weeks v. United States, 232 U.S. 383 (1914) Silverthorne ... Olmstead v. United States, 277 U.S. 438 (1928), was a decision of the Supreme Court of the United States, in which the Court ...
Diplomatic missions of the United States. Main category: Embassies of the United States ... The United States is the most populous country of North America. Its capital city is Washington, D.C.. ... The Marriner S. Eccles Building of the United States Federal Reserve in Washington, D.C.. ... Seal of the Board of Governors of the United States Federal Reserve System ...
Top United States government News. GLIMPSES: Britains Johnson rides rails to meet Amtrak Joe. Sep. 21, 2021 22:33 PM EDT ... Latest United States government News. White House faces bipartisan backlash on Haitian migrants. Sep. 21, 2021 22:06 PM EDT ... UNITED NATIONS (AP) - President Joe Biden summoned the worlds nations to forcefully address the festering global issues of the ... AP) - Rescue crews in Yellowstone National Park recovered the body of a 67-year-old Washington state man and searched around a ...
Mens Sewed Straw Hats Report of the United Stated Tariff Commission to the President of the United States (1926) By United ... By United States Army: Tactical Radio Operations By United States Army Paperback: List Price: $23.97 $14.38 , You Save: 40% ... United States Marine Corps Small War Manual, 1940 By United States Marine Corps Paperback: List Price: $25.25 $22.73 , You Save ... by United States. Introduction to sonar By United States. Bureau of Naval Personnel Paperback: List Price: $20.95 $14.67 , You ...
See Neder v. United States, 527 U.S. 1, 20 (1999) ( scheme or artifice to defraud ); Carpenter v. United States, 484 U.S. 19, ... and ARTHUR HILTS, PETITIONERS v. UNITED STATES. ON WRIT OF CERTIORARI TO THE UNITED STATES COURT OF. APPEALS FOR THE FOURTH ... We examine the state of the common law as of 1952, the year Congress enacted the wire fraud statute. See Neder v. United States ... Restatement (Third) of Foreign Relations Law of the United States §483 (1986) (stating that the rule does not require, but ...
... the United States being a presidential system) they are led by a head of government who is also the head of state. The ... The United States federal executive departments are the principal units of the executive branch of the federal government of ... The heads of departments are members of the Cabinet of the United States, an executive organ that normally acts as an advisory ... Primary unit of the executive branch of the federal government of the United States ...
Secretary Michael R. Pompeo released the 2018 PEPFAR Strategy Progress Report at the 73rd Session of the United Nations General ... U.S. Department of State. The Lessons of 1989: Freedom and Our Future. ... having either approached or exceeded the Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS) 90-90-90 targets for 2020. These ...
An official website of the United States Government Heres how you know Official websites use .gov ... While the United Presbyterian Church reported harassment in some provinces, the Vietnam Baptist Convention (VBC) stated it ... According to state-run media, in July, a court in Binh Duong stated there were links to Falun Gong when it sentenced Pham Thi ... It states all religions are equal before the law, and the state must respect and protect freedom of belief and religion. The ...
Food riots break out in Minneapolis and other parts of the United States. February 20 - California gets the go-ahead by the U.S ... Events from the year 1931 in the United States. President: Herbert Hoover (R-California) Vice President: Charles Curtis (R- ... March 3 - The Star-Spangled Banner is adopted as the United States national anthem. March 17 - Nevada legalizes gambling. March ... Corporations of Jehovahs Witnesses#International Bible Students Association Media related to 1931 in the United States at ...
Home Places United States and Canada U.S. Political Geography Warwick (United States) ... Cities of the United States COPYRIGHT 2006 Thomson Gale. Warwick: Transportation. Approaching the City. T.F. Green State ... Cities of the United States COPYRIGHT 2006 Thomson Gale. Warwick: History. Going Its Own Way. Warwick and the rest of Rhode ... Cities of the United States COPYRIGHT 2006 Thomson Gale. Warwick: Health Care. Kent Hospital in Warwick has been serving the ...
3M and the United Nations 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development Learn just a few of the ways our goals at 3M are # ... while increasing our own Sustainability efforts in accordance with the United Nations Global Compact and its principles. ...
  • America joins you, his colleagues, in honoring the memory of Senor Vieira de Mello, and the memory of all who died with him in the service to the United Nations. (un.org)
  • 100 The United States of America (U.S.A. or USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S. or US) or America, is a country primarily located in North America. (wikipedia.org)
  • The first documentary evidence of the phrase "United States of America" dates from a January 2, 1776 letter written by Stephen Moylan to George Washington's aide-de-camp Joseph Reed. (wikipedia.org)
  • Moylan expressed his wish to go "with full and ample powers from the United States of America to Spain" to seek assistance in the revolutionary war effort. (wikipedia.org)
  • The first known publication of the phrase "United States of America" was in an anonymous essay in The Virginia Gazette newspaper in Williamsburg, Virginia, on April 6, 1776. (wikipedia.org)
  • In June 1776, Thomas Jefferson wrote the phrase "UNITED STATES OF AMERICA" in all capitalized letters in the headline of his "original Rough draught" of the Declaration of Independence. (wikipedia.org)
  • Isn't United States of America the official name of the U.S. (wikipedia.org)
  • I would think that United States should redirect to United States of America , not vice versa as is the current case. (wikipedia.org)
  • If we used "United States of America", then to be consistent we would have to rename all similar articles. (wikipedia.org)
  • This argument would be valid only if "United States of America" was a particularly uncommon name for the country. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Macropaedia version of Britannica uses "United States of America" for its article title. (wikipedia.org)
  • The phrase "of America" is arguably just a prepositional phrase that describes the location of the United States and is not actually part of the country's name. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Articles of Confederation explicitly name the country "The United States of America" in article one . (wikipedia.org)
  • While this is no longer binding law, the articles provide clear intent of the founders of the nation to use the name "The United States of America. (wikipedia.org)
  • Make Roads Safe, North America, is composed of a diverse group of national, state, local, academic, advocacy, and other organizations in the US and Canada united in a Campaign for Global Road Safety (see Supporters at www.makeroadssafe.org). (who.int)
  • If you do not have a Social Security number, you must submit a statement, signed and dated, that includes the phrase, "I declare under penalty of perjury under the laws of the United States of America that the following is true and correct: I have never been issued a Social Security Number by the Social Security Administration. (state.gov)
  • The United States is the most populous country of North America . (wikimedia.org)
  • This article is within the scope of WikiProject United States , a collaborative effort to improve the coverage of topics relating to the United States of America on Wikipedia. (wikipedia.org)
  • Arup in the United States of America has a diverse staff of over 1,000 people in 11 offices offering planning, engineering, and design services for high-performance buildings, consulting, and major infrastructure projects. (arup.com)
  • Waiver of right of respondent United Staes of America to respond filed. (scotusblog.com)
  • If you are eligible to renew your passport and are not traveling internationally in the next 4 weeks, skip the trip to a U.S. embassy or consulate in Canada and mail your Form DS-82 and supporting documents to the United States. (state.gov)
  • Dixon v. United States, 548 U.S. 1 (2006), was a United States Supreme Court case concerning the level of proof required to establish the affirmative defense of duress in a federal criminal case. (wikipedia.org)
  • Elkins v. United States, 364 U.S. 206 (1960), was a US Supreme Court decision that held the "silver platter doctrine", which allowed federal prosecutors to use evidence illegally gathered by state police, to be a violation of the Fourth Amendment to the United States Constitution. (wikipedia.org)
  • Olmstead v. United States, 277 U.S. 438 (1928), was a decision of the Supreme Court of the United States, in which the Court reviewed whether the use of wiretapped private telephone conversations, obtained by federal agents without judicial approval and subsequently used as evidence, constituted a violation of the defendant's rights provided by the Fourth and Fifth Amendments. (wikipedia.org)
  • Until 1914, the American judicial system, including the Supreme Court of the United States, largely followed the precepts of English common law when it came to matters pertaining to the validity of introducing evidence in criminal trials. (wikipedia.org)
  • Readers are requested to notify the Reporter of Decisions, Supreme Court of the United States, Washington, D. C. 20543, of any typographical or other formal errors, in order that corrections may be made before the preliminary print goes to press. (cornell.edu)
  • Roth v. United States, case decided in 1957 by the U.S. Supreme Court. (infoplease.com)
  • In l972, for example, the United States Supreme Court, through Chief Justice Warren Burger, had occasion to recall the "traditional and strong resistance of Americans to any military intrusion into civilian affairs. (globalsecurity.org)
  • The Government promptly appealed the case, and stated that the border doctrine took precedence over the Fourth Amendment's protection from unreasonable search. (wikipedia.org)
  • In June 2009 the US EPA granted a waiver allowing California to regulate GHG emissions from motor vehicles within the state, beginning with the 2009 model year. (iea.org)
  • Although this waiver decision allows California to set its own standards for motor vehicles and for other states to follow the California standard, California and the other states have agreed to conform to the federal standards announced by President Obama in May 2009. (iea.org)
  • LOS ANGELES - California is seeing lower coronavirus transmission than other U.S. states as virus cases and hospitalizations for COVID-19 decline following a summer surge. (ap.org)
  • The combined population of these states is about 42 million, the majority of whom (about 33 million) live in California. (encyclopedia.com)
  • As of June 11, there have been 21 clusters of cases of cyclosporiasis reported from eight states (California, Florida, Maryland, Nebraska, Nevada, New York, Rhode Island, and Texas) and one province in Canada (Ontario). (cdc.gov)
  • As part of the shipment characteristics collected in the 2017 CFS, we asked respondents to provide the four-digit United Nations (UN) or North American (NA) identification number. (census.gov)
  • The United States is a highly developed country, and continuously ranks high in measures of socioeconomic performance. (wikipedia.org)
  • In September 2016, a WTO compliance panel issued a report finding that the European Union, Germany, France, the United Kingdom, and Spain continue to breach WTO rules through subsidies the WTO previously found to have caused adverse effects to the United States. (ustr.gov)
  • Iceland's FDI in the United States (stock) was $7.1 billion in 2016 (latest data available). (ustr.gov)
  • The guideline expresses a preference for the most commonly used name, and "United States" is the most commonly used name for the country in television programs (particularly news), newspapers, magazines, books, and legal documents, including the Constitution of the United States . (wikipedia.org)
  • 2008), is a United States court case in which the United States Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit held that the Fourth Amendment to the United States Constitution does not require government agents to have reasonable suspicion before searching laptops or other digital devices at the border, including international airports. (wikipedia.org)
  • The constitution grants individuals freedom to profess and practice any religious belief but prohibits religious activities directed against the sovereignty of the state, its constitutional system, and "civic harmony. (state.gov)
  • The 4th U.S. state to ratify the Constitution was Georgia, on January 2, 1788. (answers.com)
  • Beginning in l884, when officers in the military accepted their commissions they took an oath "to support and defend the Constitution of the United States against all enemies, foreign and domestic. (globalsecurity.org)
  • Shop for United States Constitution Pillows in thousands of designs to accent the colors and style of any room. (cafepress.com)
  • In 2000, the United States achieved measles elimination (defined as interruption of year-round endemic measles transmission) ( 1 ). (cdc.gov)
  • During 2000--2002, the rate of CS declined in all racial/ethnic minority populations in the United States. (cdc.gov)
  • The Central Time Zone includes portions of the Florida Panhandle, upper portions of Michigan, parts of Indiana, western Kentucky, western Tennessee, all of Texas except El Paso, and extends to the westernmost fringes of Great Plains states. (wikipedia.org)
  • Brief of respondent United States in opposition filed. (scotusblog.com)
  • UNITED NATIONS (AP) - President Joe Biden summoned the world's nations to forcefully address the festering global issues of the COVID-19 pandemic, climate change and human rights abuses in his first address before the U.N. General Assembly on Tuesday. (ap.org)
  • On July 26, 2018, SuperValu announced that it had agreed to be purchased by Providence, RI-based United Natural Foods Inc., the largest distributor to Whole Foods Market and other natural foods stores. (wikipedia.org)
  • Iceland was the United States' 88th largest goods export market in 2018. (ustr.gov)
  • Iceland was the United States' 99th largest supplier of goods imports in 2018. (ustr.gov)
  • Please enroll in the Smart Traveler Enrollment Program (STEP) at https://step.state.gov/ to receive alerts and be located in an emergency. (state.gov)
  • The Fourth Amendment prevents most warrantless searches by law enforcement officers, and since Weeks v. United States (1914), has been enforced by the exclusionary rule, which excludes most evidence gathered through Fourth Amendment violations from criminal trials. (wikipedia.org)
  • In 1914, however, in the landmark case of Weeks v. United States, the Court held unanimously that illegal seizure of items from a private residence was a violation of the Fourth Amendment, and established the exclusionary rule that prohibits admission of illegally obtained evidence in federal courts. (wikipedia.org)
  • In 1998, efforts to eliminate syphilis were initiated in the United States, and prevention of CS was a key objective of the National Plan to Eliminate Syphilis, which was launched the following year ( 2 ). (cdc.gov)
  • The State of Rhode Island has developed a Heritage Trail system that provides sightseers with efficient, educational, and fun routes to follow throughout the state. (encyclopedia.com)
  • During the Cold War, the United States and the Soviet Union engaged in various proxy wars but avoided direct military conflict. (wikipedia.org)
  • During a meeting of the United Nations Security Council, U.S. ambassador to the United Nations Henry Cabot Lodge charges that the Soviet Union has engaged in espionage activities at the U.S. embassy in Moscow for years. (history.com)
  • Embarrassed U.S. officials, including President Dwight D. Eisenhower , were forced to publicly admit that the United States was indeed spying on the Soviet Union with the high altitude planes. (history.com)
  • Evidence gathered by state law enforcement was therefore not yet bound by the same strictures as that gathered by federal law enforcement. (wikipedia.org)
  • This doctrine nonetheless created an incentive for federal authorities to coordinate with state law enforcement in the gathering of evidence. (wikipedia.org)
  • Stewart wrote that the primary purpose of the exclusionary rule was to provide a disincentive to abuses by law enforcement, stating that "[t]he rule is calculated to prevent, not to repair. (wikipedia.org)
  • USTR's trade enforcement actions emphasize opening large, strategic markets to which the United States exports a diverse array of products and services. (ustr.gov)
  • The Soviet Union's dissolution in 1991 ended the Cold War, leaving the United States as the world's sole superpower. (wikipedia.org)
  • By value, the United States is the world's largest importer and the second-largest exporter of goods. (wikipedia.org)
  • It is a permanent member of the United Nations Security Council. (wikipedia.org)
  • United States" is in compliance with the Wikipedia " Naming conventions (common names) " guideline portion of the Wikipedia naming conventions policy. (wikipedia.org)
  • By giving a rationale for a broader interpretation of Fourth Amendment rights, the decision prepared the way for Mapp v. Ohio (1961), which applied the exclusionary rule to the states. (wikipedia.org)
  • While Wolf v. Colorado (1949) had held the amendment to apply to the states, a process known as incorporation, the exclusionary rule had explicitly not been incorporated by the decision. (wikipedia.org)
  • It was not until the case of Mapp v. Ohio (1961) that the exclusionary rule was extended to state courts as well. (wikipedia.org)
  • The heads of the executive departments are appointed by the President and take office after confirmation by the United States Senate , and serve at the pleasure of the President . (wikipedia.org)
  • One of our customers, a large state senate, had congestion issues within their network every time they attempted to stream. (ibm.com)
  • Get the latest on Americans United news and actions in your inbox. (au.org)
  • Twitter will also stop accepting ads paid for by state-run news agencies. (zdnet.com)
  • The United States has become the largest recipient of foreign direct investment (FDI) in the world ($60 billion in 1994). (oecd.org)
  • This paper constructs a broad measure of financial conditions for the United States, Japan, the Euro Area and the United Kingdom, by extending monetary condition indices which are traditionally used to gauge the impact of monetary policy on the economy. (oecd.org)
  • Could the "very special relationship" between the U.S. and the United Kingdom become even more secure now that President Joe Biden and Prime Minister Boris Johnson have bonded over their. (ap.org)
  • The U.S. established diplomatic relations with Fiji in 1971, following its independence from the United Kingdom. (state.gov)
  • Is Efient from United Kingdom same as Effient from United States? (drugs.com)
  • It is headquarters for Umatilla National Forest and the site of an Oregon State University agricultural experiment station and of Blue Mountain Community College (1962). (britannica.com)
  • 98 Play media The Central United States is sometimes conceived as between the Eastern and Western as part of a three-region model, roughly coincident with the U.S. Census' definition of the Midwestern United States plus the western and central portions of the U.S. Census' definition of the Southern United States. (wikipedia.org)
  • Census Atlas of the United States , the first comprehensive atlas of population and housing produced by the Census Bureau since the 1920s. (familysearch.org)
  • A majority of the maps in the Census Atlas present data at the county level, but data also are sometimes mapped by state, census tract (for largest cities and metropolitan areas), and for selected American Indian reservations. (familysearch.org)
  • Public financing is the centerpiece of a broad call for change issued by 140 private citizens, including 23 from Los Angeles, who were randomly chosen by the League of Women Voters to contemplate the state of U.S. election-financing laws. (latimes.com)
  • In Lustig v. United States (1949), Justice Felix Frankfurter coined the silver platter doctrine, ruling that evidence gathered by Fourth Amendment violations was still admissible if state police gave it to federal officials on "a silver platter"-that is, without any level of involvement by federal authorities. (wikipedia.org)
  • He was subsequently convicted in federal court of intercepting and divulging telephone communications, but appealed his federal conviction on the grounds that state police had gathered the evidence against him in violation of his Fourth Amendment rights. (wikipedia.org)
  • EFF and other civil liberties groups filed an amicus brief in Warshak v. United States urging the 6th U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals to hold that the government's seizure of email without a warrant violated the Fourth Amendment and federal privacy statutes as well as the Justice Department's own surveillance manual. (eff.org)
  • We filed an amicus brief in a federal appellate case called United States v. Ackerman Friday, arguing something most of us already thought was a given-that the Fourth Amendment protects the contents of your emails from warrantless government searches. (eff.org)
  • They include 20 states and 39.45% of the U.S. population as of July 1, 2007. (wikipedia.org)
  • Israel has roughly 8.01 million persons, which puts it rather close to the population of the State of Virginia, which has 8.19 million persons. (answers.com)
  • On Monday, the justices heard oral argument in Trump v. New York and Van Buren v. United States . (scotusblog.com)
  • Compare United States v. Boots , 80 F.3d 580, 587 (CA1 1996) (holding that a scheme to defraud a foreign nation of tax revenue does not violate the wire fraud statute), with United States v. Trapilo , 130 F.3d 547, 552 553 (CA2 1997) (holding that a scheme to defraud a foreign nation of tax revenue violates the wire fraud statute). (cornell.edu)
  • In the spring and summer of 1996, an outbreak of cyclosporiasis in the United States and Canada was linked to eating raspberries imported from Guatemala (3). (cdc.gov)
  • Bilingualism in the United States has traditionally been transitional-a passage, over one or two generations, from monolingualism in a minority language to monolingualism in English. (psychologytoday.com)
  • It is a founding member of the United Nations, World Bank, International Monetary Fund, Organization of American States, NATO, and other international organizations. (wikipedia.org)
  • They are analogous to ministries common in parliamentary or semi-presidential systems but (the United States being a presidential system ) they are led by a head of government who is also the head of state . (wikipedia.org)
  • The paper shows the results of a pilot study for six industrial sectors in seven OECD Member countries (Canada, Japan, Norway, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland and the United States) whereby short-term qualitative indicators are used to "nowcast" a quantitative indicator, the production index. (oecd.org)
  • Use Canada Post as your delivery service when sending Form DS-82 to the United States. (state.gov)
  • Petitioners Carl J. Pasquantino, David B. Pasquantino, and Arthur Hilts were indicted for and convicted of federal wire fraud for carrying out a scheme to smuggle large quantities of liquor into Canada from the United States. (cornell.edu)
  • Uncontested evidence at trial showed that Canadian taxes then due on alcohol purchased in the United States and transported to Canada were approximately double the liquor s purchase price. (cornell.edu)
  • Enter the name of a place, like "Springfield" or "Athens", to find all locations matching the name, or enter a state ("Illinois") or country ("Canada") to find all places within that state or nation. (tufts.edu)
  • The United States currently has Social Security agreements with Canada, Chile, South Korea, Australia and most of Western Europe. (ssa.gov)
  • Since April 1997, CDC has received reports of outbreaks of cyclosporiasis in the United States and Canada (1,2). (cdc.gov)
  • Approximately 70 laboratory-confirmed sporadic cases (i.e., cases not associated with events, the cruise, or recent overseas travel) have been reported in the United States and Canada. (cdc.gov)
  • The heads of departments are members of the Cabinet of the United States , an executive organ that normally acts as an advisory body to the President. (wikipedia.org)
  • The United States Military and Domestic Peacekeeping CSC 1995 SUBJECT AREA National - Military Strategy EXECUTIVE SUMMARY Title: The United States Military and Domestic Peacekeeping Author: Major Lawrence P. Stawicki USMC Research Questions: What has been the military's role in domestic peacekpeeing and what should it be in the future? (globalsecurity.org)
  • Discussion: There are some in the United States who argue that there is no authority under Title lO of the United States Code (U.S.C.) to use the military to quell civil disorder except under circumstances equivalent to war. (globalsecurity.org)
  • Chief Justice Taft next examines "perhaps the most important" case, Weeks v. United States, which involved a conviction for using the mail to transport lottery tickets. (wikipedia.org)
  • In the course of purchasing them, she provided a false address and falsely stated that she was not under indictment for a felony. (wikipedia.org)
  • Before trial, petitioners moved to dismiss the indictment on the ground that it stated no wire fraud offense. (cornell.edu)
  • Petitioners appealed their convictions to the United States Court of Appeals for the Fourth Circuit, again urging that the indictment failed to state a wire fraud offense. (cornell.edu)
  • In recent years the bishops of the United States have taken public positions on numerous domestic and international issues and have articulated these positions not only in statements but in congressional testimony, meetings with government officials, and similar efforts. (worldcat.org)
  • Twenty days after Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates (UAE) bombed a school bus full of children in Yemen in August, United States Defense Secretary James Mattis hosted officials from the two US allies at the Pentagon. (greenleft.org.au)
  • Purim has been celebrated in the United States for many years. (timeanddate.com)
  • With the White House and Congress now considering action on legislation for a Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership (TTIP), to further entangle the United States with the European Union, this article from 24 years ago is more relevant than ever. (thenewamerican.com)
  • It consists of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, 326 Indian reservations, and some minor possessions. (wikipedia.org)
  • The United States is a federal republic and a representative democracy with three separate branches of government, including a bicameral legislature. (wikipedia.org)
  • he argued that the Court's extension of the rule would only create further confusion, and that the relation between federal and state criminal law should be governed by the principle of federalism. (wikipedia.org)
  • Because the Bill of Rights did not at the time extend to cover states, such a prohibition extended only to federal agents and covered only federal trials. (wikipedia.org)
  • The United States federal executive departments are the principal units of the executive branch of the federal government of the United States . (wikipedia.org)
  • Yom Kippur is not a federal public holiday in the United States. (timeanddate.com)
  • CFS data are used by policy makers and transportation planners in various federal, state, and local agencies. (census.gov)
  • In today's market 200 Greek drachma are worth $0.78 in United States currency. (answers.com)
  • The Weatherization and Intergovernmental Programs Office (WIPO) provides funding and technical assistance to its partners in state and local governments, Indian tribes, and international agencies to facilitate the adoption of renewable energy and energy efficiency technologies in buildings. (iea.org)
  • CDC analyzed national surveillance data for CS cases* reported to state and local health departments in 2002. (cdc.gov)
  • Vandeveld is president of Local 1222 of the AFL-CIO United Food & Commercial Workers. (latimes.com)
  • Other state, provincial, and local health depts. (cdc.gov)
  • However, importations of measles into the United States continue to occur, posing risks for measles outbreaks and sustained measles transmission. (cdc.gov)
  • The increased numbers of outbreaks and measles importations into the United States underscore the ongoing risk for measles among unvaccinated persons and the importance of vaccination against measles ( 3 ). (cdc.gov)
  • A .gov website belongs to an official government organization in the United States. (state.gov)
  • The survey is the primary source of national and state-level data on domestic freight shipments by establishments in mining, manufacturing, wholesale, auxiliaries, and selected retail and services trade industries located in the 50 states and the District of Columbia. (census.gov)