An infant during the first month after birth.
Diseases of newborn infants present at birth (congenital) or developing within the first month of birth. It does not include hereditary diseases not manifesting at birth or within the first 30 days of life nor does it include inborn errors of metabolism. Both HEREDITARY DISEASES and METABOLISM, INBORN ERRORS are available as general concepts.
A human infant born before 37 weeks of GESTATION.
Refers to animals in the period of time just after birth.
Care of infants in the home or institution.
The identification of selected parameters in newborn infants by various tests, examinations, or other procedures. Screening may be performed by clinical or laboratory measures. A screening test is designed to sort out healthy neonates (INFANT, NEWBORN) from those not well, but the screening test is not intended as a diagnostic device, rather instead as epidemiologic.
Any observable response or action of a neonate or infant up through the age of 23 months.
The age of the conceptus, beginning from the time of FERTILIZATION. In clinical obstetrics, the gestational age is often estimated as the time from the last day of the last MENSTRUATION which is about 2 weeks before OVULATION and fertilization.
Food processed and manufactured for the nutritional health of children in their first year of life.
Respiratory failure in the newborn. (Dorland, 27th ed)
The status during which female mammals carry their developing young (EMBRYOS or FETUSES) in utero before birth, beginning from FERTILIZATION to BIRTH.
Liquid formulations for the nutrition of infants that can substitute for BREAST MILK.
A condition of the newborn marked by DYSPNEA with CYANOSIS, heralded by such prodromal signs as dilatation of the alae nasi, expiratory grunt, and retraction of the suprasternal notch or costal margins, mostly frequently occurring in premature infants, children of diabetic mothers, and infants delivered by cesarean section, and sometimes with no apparent predisposing cause.
Postnatal deaths from BIRTH to 365 days after birth in a given population. Postneonatal mortality represents deaths between 28 days and 365 days after birth (as defined by National Center for Health Statistics). Neonatal mortality represents deaths from birth to 27 days after birth.
An infant having a birth weight of 2500 gm. (5.5 lb.) or less but INFANT, VERY LOW BIRTH WEIGHT is available for infants having a birth weight of 1500 grams (3.3 lb.) or less.
The mass or quantity of heaviness of an individual at BIRTH. It is expressed by units of pounds or kilograms.
Hospital units providing continuing surveillance and care to acutely ill newborn infants.
Nutritional physiology of children from birth to 2 years of age.
Yellow discoloration of the SKIN; MUCOUS MEMBRANE; and SCLERA in the NEWBORN. It is a sign of NEONATAL HYPERBILIRUBINEMIA. Most cases are transient self-limiting (PHYSIOLOGICAL NEONATAL JAUNDICE) occurring in the first week of life, but some can be a sign of pathological disorders, particularly LIVER DISEASES.
The abrupt and unexplained death of an apparently healthy infant under one year of age, remaining unexplained after a thorough case investigation, including performance of a complete autopsy, examination of the death scene, and review of the clinical history. (Pediatr Pathol 1991 Sep-Oct;11(5):677-84)
An infant whose weight at birth is less than 1500 grams (3.3 lbs), regardless of gestational age.
Blood of the fetus. Exchange of nutrients and waste between the fetal and maternal blood occurs via the PLACENTA. The cord blood is blood contained in the umbilical vessels (UMBILICAL CORD) at the time of delivery.
A method, developed by Dr. Virginia Apgar, to evaluate a newborn's adjustment to extrauterine life. Five items - heart rate, respiratory effort, muscle tone, reflex irritability, and color - are evaluated 60 seconds after birth and again five minutes later on a scale from 0-2, 0 being the lowest, 2 being normal. The five numbers are added for the Apgar score. A score of 0-3 represents severe distress, 4-7 indicates moderate distress, and a score of 7-10 predicts an absence of difficulty in adjusting to extrauterine life.
The nursing of an infant at the breast.
The back (or posterior) of the FOOT in PRIMATES, found behind the ANKLE and distal to the TOES.
A chlorinated bisphenol antiseptic with a bacteriostatic action against Gram-positive organisms, but much less effective against Gram-negative organisms. It is mainly used in soaps and creams and is an ingredient of various preparations used for skin disorders. (From Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 30th ed, p797)
A subspecialty of Pediatrics concerned with the newborn infant.
CHILDBIRTH at the end of a normal duration of PREGNANCY, between 37 to 40 weeks of gestation or about 280 days from the first day of the mother's last menstrual period.
The pit in the center of the ABDOMINAL WALL marking the point where the UMBILICAL CORD entered in the FETUS.
Treatment of disease by exposure to light, especially by variously concentrated light rays or specific wavelengths.
Continuous care and monitoring of newborn infants with life-threatening conditions, in any setting.
To utter an inarticulate, characteristic sound in order to communicate or express a feeling, or desire for attention.
The thick green-to-black mucilaginous material found in the intestines of a full-term fetus. It consists of secretions of the INTESTINAL GLANDS; BILE PIGMENTS; FATTY ACIDS; AMNIOTIC FLUID; and intrauterine debris. It constitutes the first stools passed by a newborn.
Organized efforts by communities or organizations to improve the health and well-being of infants.
A respiratory distress syndrome in newborn infants, usually premature infants with insufficient PULMONARY SURFACTANTS. The disease is characterized by the formation of a HYALINE-like membrane lining the terminal respiratory airspaces (PULMONARY ALVEOLI) and subsequent collapse of the lung (PULMONARY ATELECTASIS).
The continuous sequential physiological and psychological maturing of an individual from birth up to but not including ADOLESCENCE.
An infant having a birth weight lower than expected for its gestational age.
Hospital units equipped for childbirth.
Use of nursing bottles for feeding. Applies to humans and animals.
An infant whose weight at birth is less than 1000 grams (2.2 lbs), regardless of GESTATIONAL AGE.
Exchange of substances between the maternal blood and the fetal blood at the PLACENTA via PLACENTAL CIRCULATION. The placental barrier excludes microbial or viral transmission.
Repetitive withdrawal of small amounts of blood and replacement with donor blood until a large proportion of the blood volume has been exchanged. Used in treatment of fetal erythroblastosis, hepatic coma, sickle cell anemia, disseminated intravascular coagulation, septicemia, burns, thrombotic thrombopenic purpura, and fulminant malaria.
Hospital facilities which provide care for newborn infants.
The care of women and a fetus or newborn given before, during, and after delivery from the 28th week of gestation through the 7th day after delivery.
A syndrome of persistent PULMONARY HYPERTENSION in the newborn infant (INFANT, NEWBORN) without demonstrable HEART DISEASES. This neonatal condition can be caused by severe pulmonary vasoconstriction (reactive type), hypertrophy of pulmonary arterial muscle (hypertrophic type), or abnormally developed pulmonary arterioles (hypoplastic type). The newborn patient exhibits CYANOSIS and ACIDOSIS due to the persistence of fetal circulatory pattern of right-to-left shunting of blood through a patent ductus arteriosus (DUCTUS ARTERIOSUS, PATENT) and at times a patent foramen ovale (FORAMEN OVALE, PATENT).
The transmission of infectious disease or pathogens from one generation to another. It includes transmission in utero or intrapartum by exposure to blood and secretions, and postpartum exposure via breastfeeding.
The co-occurrence of pregnancy and an INFECTION. The infection may precede or follow FERTILIZATION.
Accumulation of BILIRUBIN, a breakdown product of HEME PROTEINS, in the BLOOD during the first weeks of life. This may lead to NEONATAL JAUNDICE. The excess bilirubin may exist in the unconjugated (indirect) or the conjugated (direct) form. The condition may be self-limiting (PHYSIOLOGICAL NEONATAL JAUNDICE) or pathological with toxic levels of bilirubin.
Female parents, human or animal.
Any method of artificial breathing that employs mechanical or non-mechanical means to force the air into and out of the lungs. Artificial respiration or ventilation is used in individuals who have stopped breathing or have RESPIRATORY INSUFFICIENCY to increase their intake of oxygen (O2) and excretion of carbon dioxide (CO2).
Electrically powered devices that are intended to assist in the maintenance of the thermal balance of infants, principally by controlling the air temperature and humidity in an enclosure. (from UMDNS, 1999)
The taking of a blood sample to determine its character as a whole, to identify levels of its component cells, chemicals, gases, or other constituents, to perform pathological examination, etc.
A bile pigment that is a degradation product of HEME.
Any suction exerted by the mouth; response of the mammalian infant to draw milk from the breast. Includes sucking on inanimate objects. Not to be used for thumb sucking, which is indexed under fingersucking.
Conditions or pathological processes associated with pregnancy. They can occur during or after pregnancy, and range from minor discomforts to serious diseases that require medical interventions. They include diseases in pregnant females, and pregnancies in females with diseases.
A chronic lung disease developed after OXYGEN INHALATION THERAPY or mechanical ventilation (VENTILATION, MECHANICAL) usually occurring in certain premature infants (INFANT, PREMATURE) or newborn infants with respiratory distress syndrome (RESPIRATORY DISTRESS SYNDROME, NEWBORN). Histologically, it is characterized by the unusual abnormalities of the bronchioles, such as METAPLASIA, decrease in alveolar number, and formation of CYSTS.
Errors in metabolic processes resulting from inborn genetic mutations that are inherited or acquired in utero.
Observation of a population for a sufficient number of persons over a sufficient number of years to generate incidence or mortality rates subsequent to the selection of the study group.
Delivery of the FETUS and PLACENTA under the care of an obstetrician or a health worker. Obstetric deliveries may involve physical, psychological, medical, or surgical interventions.
A fetal blood vessel connecting the pulmonary artery with the descending aorta.
A transient absence of spontaneous respiration.
Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.
The range or frequency distribution of a measurement in a population (of organisms, organs or things) that has not been selected for the presence of disease or abnormality.
The destruction of germs causing disease.
A condition characterized by an abnormal increase of BILIRUBIN in the blood, which may result in JAUNDICE. Bilirubin, a breakdown product of HEME, is normally excreted in the BILE or further catabolized before excretion in the urine.
Special hospitals which provide care to women during pregnancy and parturition.
A group of abnormal hemoglobins in which amino acid substitutions take place in either the alpha or beta chains but near the heme iron. This results in facilitated oxidation of the hemoglobin to yield excess methemoglobin which leads to cyanosis.
The administering of nutrients for assimilation and utilization by a patient who cannot maintain adequate nutrition by enteral feeding alone. Nutrients are administered by a route other than the alimentary canal (e.g., intravenously, subcutaneously).
The consequences of exposing the FETUS in utero to certain factors, such as NUTRITION PHYSIOLOGICAL PHENOMENA; PHYSIOLOGICAL STRESS; DRUGS; RADIATION; and other physical or chemical factors. These consequences are observed later in the offspring after BIRTH.
The flexible rope-like structure that connects a developing FETUS to the PLACENTA in mammals. The cord contains blood vessels which carry oxygen and nutrients from the mother to the fetus and waste products away from the fetus.
Disorders in which there is a delay in development based on that expected for a given age level or stage of development. These impairments or disabilities originate before age 18, may be expected to continue indefinitely, and constitute a substantial impairment. Biological and nonbiological factors are involved in these disorders. (From American Psychiatric Glossary, 6th ed)
A disorder characterized by a reduction of oxygen in the blood combined with reduced blood flow (ISCHEMIA) to the brain from a localized obstruction of a cerebral artery or from systemic hypoperfusion. Prolonged hypoxia-ischemia is associated with ISCHEMIC ATTACK, TRANSIENT; BRAIN INFARCTION; BRAIN EDEMA; COMA; and other conditions.
The techniques used to draw blood from a vein for diagnostic purposes or for treatment of certain blood disorders such as erythrocytosis, hemochromatosis, polycythemia vera, and porphyria cutanea tarda.
A congenital heart defect characterized by the persistent opening of fetal DUCTUS ARTERIOSUS that connects the PULMONARY ARTERY to the descending aorta (AORTA, DESCENDING) allowing unoxygenated blood to bypass the lung and flow to the PLACENTA. Normally, the ductus is closed shortly after birth.
Age as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or the effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from AGING, a physiological process, and TIME FACTORS which refers only to the passage of time.
The state of PREGNANCY in women with DIABETES MELLITUS. This does not include either symptomatic diabetes or GLUCOSE INTOLERANCE induced by pregnancy (DIABETES, GESTATIONAL) which resolves at the end of pregnancy.
Prenatal protozoal infection with TOXOPLASMA gondii which is associated with injury to the developing fetal nervous system. The severity of this condition is related to the stage of pregnancy during which the infection occurs; first trimester infections are associated with a greater degree of neurologic dysfunction. Clinical features include HYDROCEPHALUS; MICROCEPHALY; deafness; cerebral calcifications; SEIZURES; and psychomotor retardation. Signs of a systemic infection may also be present at birth, including fever, rash, and hepatosplenomegaly. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p735)
A bacterium which causes mastitis in cattle and occasionally in man.
A human infant born before 28 weeks of GESTATION.
Developmental abnormalities involving structures of the heart. These defects are present at birth but may be discovered later in life.
The capability of the LUNGS to distend under pressure as measured by pulmonary volume change per unit pressure change. While not a complete description of the pressure-volume properties of the lung, it is nevertheless useful in practice as a measure of the comparative stiffness of the lung. (From Best & Taylor's Physiological Basis of Medical Practice, 12th ed, p562)
An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.
The restoration to life or consciousness of one apparently dead. (Dorland, 27th ed)
The upper part of the human body, or the front or upper part of the body of an animal, typically separated from the rest of the body by a neck, and containing the brain, mouth, and sense organs.
A reduction in brain oxygen supply due to ANOXEMIA (a reduced amount of oxygen being carried in the blood by HEMOGLOBIN), or to a restriction of the blood supply to the brain, or both. Severe hypoxia is referred to as anoxia, and is a relatively common cause of injury to the central nervous system. Prolonged brain anoxia may lead to BRAIN DEATH or a PERSISTENT VEGETATIVE STATE. Histologically, this condition is characterized by neuronal loss which is most prominent in the HIPPOCAMPUS; GLOBUS PALLIDUS; CEREBELLUM; and inferior olives.
Malformations of organs or body parts during development in utero.
A clinical manifestation of HYPERBILIRUBINEMIA, characterized by the yellowish staining of the SKIN; MUCOUS MEMBRANE; and SCLERA. Clinical jaundice usually is a sign of LIVER dysfunction.
Increased salivary flow.
The unborn young of a viviparous mammal, in the postembryonic period, after the major structures have been outlined. In humans, the unborn young from the end of the eighth week after CONCEPTION until BIRTH, as distinguished from the earlier EMBRYO, MAMMALIAN.
Systemic inflammatory response syndrome with a proven or suspected infectious etiology. When sepsis is associated with organ dysfunction distant from the site of infection, it is called severe sepsis. When sepsis is accompanied by HYPOTENSION despite adequate fluid infusion, it is called SEPTIC SHOCK.
Extraction of the FETUS by means of abdominal HYSTEROTOMY.
An element with atomic symbol O, atomic number 8, and atomic weight [15.99903; 15.99977]. It is the most abundant element on earth and essential for respiration.
Radioimmunoassay of proteins using antibody coupled to an immunosorbent.
Antibiotic analog of CLOXACILLIN.
Results of conception and ensuing pregnancy, including LIVE BIRTH; STILLBIRTH; SPONTANEOUS ABORTION; INDUCED ABORTION. The outcome may follow natural or artificial insemination or any of the various ASSISTED REPRODUCTIVE TECHNIQUES, such as EMBRYO TRANSFER or FERTILIZATION IN VITRO.
The age of the mother in PREGNANCY.
Forceful administration into a muscle of liquid medication, nutrient, or other fluid through a hollow needle piercing the muscle and any tissue covering it.
Care provided the pregnant woman in order to prevent complications, and decrease the incidence of maternal and prenatal mortality.
Studies used to test etiologic hypotheses in which inferences about an exposure to putative causal factors are derived from data relating to characteristics of persons under study or to events or experiences in their past. The essential feature is that some of the persons under study have the disease or outcome of interest and their characteristics are compared with those of unaffected persons.
Skin diseases caused by bacteria, fungi, parasites, or viruses.
The prevention of access by infecting organisms to the locus of potential infection.
Studies in which individuals or populations are followed to assess the outcome of exposures, procedures, or effects of a characteristic, e.g., occurrence of disease.
Substances and drugs that lower the SURFACE TENSION of the mucoid layer lining the PULMONARY ALVEOLI.
Nutritional support given via the alimentary canal or any route connected to the gastrointestinal system (i.e., the enteral route). This includes oral feeding, sip feeding, and tube feeding using nasogastric, gastrostomy, and jejunostomy tubes.
The determination of oxygen-hemoglobin saturation of blood either by withdrawing a sample and passing it through a classical photoelectric oximeter or by electrodes attached to some translucent part of the body like finger, earlobe, or skin fold. It includes non-invasive oxygen monitoring by pulse oximetry.
The volume of air inspired or expired during each normal, quiet respiratory cycle. Common abbreviations are TV or V with subscript T.
The act of breathing with the LUNGS, consisting of INHALATION, or the taking into the lungs of the ambient air, and of EXHALATION, or the expelling of the modified air which contains more CARBON DIOXIDE than the air taken in (Blakiston's Gould Medical Dictionary, 4th ed.). This does not include tissue respiration (= OXYGEN CONSUMPTION) or cell respiration (= CELL RESPIRATION).
Studies in which subsets of a defined population are identified. These groups may or may not be exposed to factors hypothesized to influence the probability of the occurrence of a particular disease or other outcome. Cohorts are defined populations which, as a whole, are followed in an attempt to determine distinguishing subgroup characteristics.
Pathological processes involving any part of the LUNG.
The white liquid secreted by the mammary glands. It contains proteins, sugar, lipids, vitamins, and minerals.
A class of statistical methods applicable to a large set of probability distributions used to test for correlation, location, independence, etc. In most nonparametric statistical tests, the original scores or observations are replaced by another variable containing less information. An important class of nonparametric tests employs the ordinal properties of the data. Another class of tests uses information about whether an observation is above or below some fixed value such as the median, and a third class is based on the frequency of the occurrence of runs in the data. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed, p1284; Corsini, Concise Encyclopedia of Psychology, 1987, p764-5)
Pathophysiological conditions of the FETUS in the UTERUS. Some fetal diseases may be treated with FETAL THERAPIES.
The application of heat to raise the temperature of the environment, ambient or local, or the systems for accomplishing this effect. It is distinguished from HEAT, the physical property and principle of physics.
Introduction of a tube into a hollow organ to restore or maintain patency if obstructed. It is differentiated from CATHETERIZATION in that the insertion of a catheter is usually performed for the introducing or withdrawing of fluids from the body.
Withholding or withdrawal of a particular treatment or treatments, often (but not necessarily) life-prolonging treatment, from a patient or from a research subject as part of a research protocol. The concept is differentiated from REFUSAL TO TREAT, where the emphasis is on the health professional's or health facility's refusal to treat a patient or group of patients when the patient or the patient's representative requests treatment. Withholding of life-prolonging treatment is usually indexed only with EUTHANASIA, PASSIVE, unless the distinction between withholding and withdrawing treatment, or the issue of withholding palliative rather than curative treatment, is discussed.
The failure of a FETUS to attain its expected FETAL GROWTH at any GESTATIONAL AGE.
Infections with bacteria of the genus STREPTOCOCCUS.
Protrusion of abdominal structures into the THORAX as a result of congenital or traumatic defects in the respiratory DIAPHRAGM.
Determination of the nature of a pathological condition or disease in the postimplantation EMBRYO; FETUS; or pregnant female before birth.
Part of an ear examination that measures the ability of sound to reach the brain.
A species of MORGANELLA formerly classified as a Proteus species. It is found in the feces of humans, dogs, other mammals, and reptiles. (From Bergey's Manual of Determinative Bacteriology, 9th ed)
The part of CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM that is contained within the skull (CRANIUM). Arising from the NEURAL TUBE, the embryonic brain is comprised of three major parts including PROSENCEPHALON (the forebrain); MESENCEPHALON (the midbrain); and RHOMBENCEPHALON (the hindbrain). The developed brain consists of CEREBRUM; CEREBELLUM; and other structures in the BRAIN STEM.
The repetitive uterine contraction during childbirth which is associated with the progressive dilation of the uterine cervix (CERVIX UTERI). Successful labor results in the expulsion of the FETUS and PLACENTA. Obstetric labor can be spontaneous or induced (LABOR, INDUCED).
Pathologic conditions affecting the BRAIN, which is composed of the intracranial components of the CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM. This includes (but is not limited to) the CEREBRAL CORTEX; intracranial white matter; BASAL GANGLIA; THALAMUS; HYPOTHALAMUS; BRAIN STEM; and CEREBELLUM.
The delivery of nutrients for assimilation and utilization by a patient whose sole source of nutrients is via solutions administered intravenously, subcutaneously, or by some other non-alimentary route. The basic components of TPN solutions are protein hydrolysates or free amino acid mixtures, monosaccharides, and electrolytes. Components are selected for their ability to reverse catabolism, promote anabolism, and build structural proteins.
The number of new cases of a given disease during a given period in a specified population. It also is used for the rate at which new events occur in a defined population. It is differentiated from PREVALENCE, which refers to all cases, new or old, in the population at a given time.
The measure of the level of heat of a human or animal.
A procedure involving placement of a tube into the trachea through the mouth or nose in order to provide a patient with oxygen and anesthesia.
Either of the pair of organs occupying the cavity of the thorax that effect the aeration of the blood.
Disorders caused by nutritional imbalance, either overnutrition or undernutrition, occurring in infants ages 1 month to 24 months.
The visualization of deep structures of the body by recording the reflections or echoes of ultrasonic pulses directed into the tissues. Use of ultrasound for imaging or diagnostic purposes employs frequencies ranging from 1.6 to 10 megahertz.
The removal of secretions, gas or fluid from hollow or tubular organs or cavities by means of a tube and a device that acts on negative pressure.
Diseases of the respiratory system in general or unspecified or for a specific respiratory disease not available.
ENTEROCOLITIS with extensive ulceration (ULCER) and NECROSIS. It is observed primarily in LOW BIRTH WEIGHT INFANT.
The technique that deals with the measurement of the size, weight, and proportions of the human or other primate body.
A clear, yellowish liquid that envelopes the FETUS inside the sac of AMNION. In the first trimester, it is likely a transudate of maternal or fetal plasma. In the second trimester, amniotic fluid derives primarily from fetal lung and kidney. Cells or substances in this fluid can be removed for prenatal diagnostic tests (AMNIOCENTESIS).
Vaccines or candidate vaccines containing inactivated hepatitis B or some of its component antigens and designed to prevent hepatitis B. Some vaccines may be recombinantly produced.
Bleeding into one or both CEREBRAL HEMISPHERES including the BASAL GANGLIA and the CEREBRAL CORTEX. It is often associated with HYPERTENSION and CRANIOCEREBRAL TRAUMA.
Four CSF-filled (see CEREBROSPINAL FLUID) cavities within the cerebral hemispheres (LATERAL VENTRICLES), in the midline (THIRD VENTRICLE) and within the PONS and MEDULLA OBLONGATA (FOURTH VENTRICLE).
Failure to adequately provide oxygen to cells of the body and to remove excess carbon dioxide from them. (Stedman, 25th ed)
A highly vascularized mammalian fetal-maternal organ and major site of transport of oxygen, nutrients, and fetal waste products. It includes a fetal portion (CHORIONIC VILLI) derived from TROPHOBLASTS and a maternal portion (DECIDUA) derived from the uterine ENDOMETRIUM. The placenta produces an array of steroid, protein and peptide hormones (PLACENTAL HORMONES).
Evaluation undertaken to assess the results or consequences of management and procedures used in combating disease in order to determine the efficacy, effectiveness, safety, and practicability of these interventions in individual cases or series.
Studies which start with the identification of persons with a disease of interest and a control (comparison, referent) group without the disease. The relationship of an attribute to the disease is examined by comparing diseased and non-diseased persons with regard to the frequency or levels of the attribute in each group.
Binary classification measures to assess test results. Sensitivity or recall rate is the proportion of true positives. Specificity is the probability of correctly determining the absence of a condition. (From Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 2d ed)
Death resulting from the presence of a disease in an individual, as shown by a single case report or a limited number of patients. This should be differentiated from DEATH, the physiological cessation of life and from MORTALITY, an epidemiological or statistical concept.
A condition characterized by the abnormal presence of ERYTHROBLASTS in the circulation of the FETUS or NEWBORNS. It is a disorder due to BLOOD GROUP INCOMPATIBILITY, such as the maternal alloimmunization by fetal antigen RH FACTORS leading to HEMOLYSIS of ERYTHROCYTES, hemolytic anemia (ANEMIA, HEMOLYTIC), general edema (HYDROPS FETALIS), and SEVERE JAUNDICE IN NEWBORN.
Excrement from the INTESTINES, containing unabsorbed solids, waste products, secretions, and BACTERIA of the DIGESTIVE SYSTEM.
Resistance to a disease-causing agent induced by the introduction of maternal immunity into the fetus by transplacental transfer or into the neonate through colostrum and milk.
A potent local anesthetic of the ester type used for surface and spinal anesthesia.
A statistical technique that isolates and assesses the contributions of categorical independent variables to variation in the mean of a continuous dependent variable.
The mass or quantity of heaviness of an individual. It is expressed by units of pounds or kilograms.
A bilateral retinopathy occurring in premature infants treated with excessively high concentrations of oxygen, characterized by vascular dilatation, proliferation, and tortuosity, edema, and retinal detachment, with ultimate conversion of the retina into a fibrous mass that can be seen as a dense retrolental membrane. Usually growth of the eye is arrested and may result in microophthalmia, and blindness may occur. (Dorland, 27th ed)
The care provided to women and their NEWBORNS for the first few months following CHILDBIRTH.
Abnormally low BODY TEMPERATURE that is intentionally induced in warm-blooded animals by artificial means. In humans, mild or moderate hypothermia has been used to reduce tissue damages, particularly after cardiac or spinal cord injuries and during subsequent surgeries.
The distance from the sole to the crown of the head with body standing on a flat surface and fully extended.
The behavior patterns associated with or characteristic of a mother.
The continuous measurement of physiological processes, blood pressure, heart rate, renal output, reflexes, respiration, etc., in a patient or experimental animal; includes pharmacologic monitoring, the measurement of administered drugs or their metabolites in the blood, tissues, or urine.
A colorless, odorless gas that can be formed by the body and is necessary for the respiration cycle of plants and animals.
Measurable and quantifiable biological parameters (e.g., specific enzyme concentration, specific hormone concentration, specific gene phenotype distribution in a population, presence of biological substances) which serve as indices for health- and physiology-related assessments, such as disease risk, psychiatric disorders, environmental exposure and its effects, disease diagnosis, metabolic processes, substance abuse, pregnancy, cell line development, epidemiologic studies, etc.
A mass-spectrometric technique that is used for microscopic chemical analysis. A beam of primary ions with an energy of 5-20 kiloelectronvolts (keV) bombards a small spot on the surface of the sample under ultra-high vacuum conditions. Positive and negative secondary ions sputtered from the surface are analyzed in a mass spectrometer in regards to their mass-to-charge ratio. Digital imaging can be generated from the secondary ion beams and their intensity can be measured. Ionic images can be correlated with images from light or other microscopy providing useful tools in the study of molecular and drug actions.
Hemorrhage caused by vitamin K deficiency.
Recording of electric currents developed in the brain by means of electrodes applied to the scalp, to the surface of the brain, or placed within the substance of the brain.
A complex of closely related aminoglycosides obtained from MICROMONOSPORA purpurea and related species. They are broad-spectrum antibiotics, but may cause ear and kidney damage. They act to inhibit PROTEIN BIOSYNTHESIS.
Interaction between a mother and child.
Infections by bacteria, general or unspecified.
Infection with CYTOMEGALOVIRUS, characterized by enlarged cells bearing intranuclear inclusions. Infection may be in almost any organ, but the salivary glands are the most common site in children, as are the lungs in adults.
The thin, yellow, serous fluid secreted by the mammary glands during pregnancy and immediately postpartum before lactation begins. It consists of immunologically active substances, white blood cells, water, protein, fat, and carbohydrates.
A method of studying a drug or procedure in which both the subjects and investigators are kept unaware of who is actually getting which specific treatment.
The gradual irreversible changes in structure and function of an organism that occur as a result of the passage of time.
DIARRHEA occurring in infants from newborn to 24-months old.
A condition in infancy or early childhood due to an in-utero deficiency of THYROID HORMONES that can be caused by genetic or environmental factors, such as thyroid dysgenesis or HYPOTHYROIDISM in infants of mothers treated with THIOURACIL during pregnancy. Endemic cretinism is the result of iodine deficiency. Clinical symptoms include severe MENTAL RETARDATION, impaired skeletal development, short stature, and MYXEDEMA.
Any of various animals that constitute the family Suidae and comprise stout-bodied, short-legged omnivorous mammals with thick skin, usually covered with coarse bristles, a rather long mobile snout, and small tail. Included are the genera Babyrousa, Phacochoerus (wart hogs), and Sus, the latter containing the domestic pig (see SUS SCROFA).
Equipment and furniture used by infants and babies in the home, car, and play area.
Exposure of the female parent, human or animal, to potentially harmful chemical, physical, or biological agents in the environment or to environmental factors that may include ionizing radiation, pathogenic organisms, or toxic chemicals that may affect offspring. It includes pre-conception maternal exposure.
The nursing specialty that deals with the care of newborn infants during the first four weeks after birth.
Abnormal increase in RESPIRATORY RATE in the newborn. It is self-limiting and attributed to the delayed fetal lung fluid clearance often in CAESAREAN SECTION delivery.
The total number of cases of a given disease in a specified population at a designated time. It is differentiated from INCIDENCE, which refers to the number of new cases in the population at a given time.
Gradual increase in the number, the size, and the complexity of cells of an individual. Growth generally results in increase in ORGAN WEIGHT; BODY WEIGHT; and BODY HEIGHT.
The pressure that would be exerted by one component of a mixture of gases if it were present alone in a container. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)
Studies in which the presence or absence of disease or other health-related variables are determined in each member of the study population or in a representative sample at one particular time. This contrasts with LONGITUDINAL STUDIES which are followed over a period of time.
Impairment of bile flow due to obstruction in small bile ducts (INTRAHEPATIC CHOLESTASIS) or obstruction in large bile ducts (EXTRAHEPATIC CHOLESTASIS).
Degeneration of white matter adjacent to the CEREBRAL VENTRICLES following cerebral hypoxia or BRAIN ISCHEMIA in neonates. The condition primarily affects white matter in the perfusion zone between superficial and deep branches of the MIDDLE CEREBRAL ARTERY. Clinical manifestations include VISION DISORDERS; CEREBRAL PALSY; PARAPLEGIA; SEIZURES; and cognitive disorders. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p1021; Joynt, Clinical Neurology, 1997, Ch4, pp30-1)
The statistical reproducibility of measurements (often in a clinical context), including the testing of instrumentation or techniques to obtain reproducible results. The concept includes reproducibility of physiological measurements, which may be used to develop rules to assess probability or prognosis, or response to a stimulus; reproducibility of occurrence of a condition; and reproducibility of experimental results.
Organized efforts by communities or organizations to improve the health and well-being of the mother.
A class of immunoglobulin bearing mu chains (IMMUNOGLOBULIN MU-CHAINS). IgM can fix COMPLEMENT. The name comes from its high molecular weight and originally being called a macroglobulin.
The time it takes for a substance (drug, radioactive nuclide, or other) to lose half of its pharmacologic, physiologic, or radiologic activity.
The major immunoglobulin isotype class in normal human serum. There are several isotype subclasses of IgG, for example, IgG1, IgG2A, and IgG2B.
The administration of drugs by the respiratory route. It includes insufflation into the respiratory tract.
The number of times the HEART VENTRICLES contract per unit of time, usually per minute.
The visualization of tissues during pregnancy through recording of the echoes of ultrasonic waves directed into the body. The procedure may be applied with reference to the mother or the fetus and with reference to organs or the detection of maternal or fetal disease.
Scales, questionnaires, tests, and other methods used to assess pain severity and duration in patients or experimental animals to aid in diagnosis, therapy, and physiological studies.
An abnormal increase in the amount of oxygen in the tissues and organs.
Death of the developing young in utero. BIRTH of a dead FETUS is STILLBIRTH.
The posture of an individual lying face down.
A method of mechanical ventilation in which pressure is maintained to increase the volume of gas remaining in the lungs at the end of expiration, thus reducing the shunting of blood through the lungs and improving gas exchange.
The bones of the newborn or unborn infants consisted of some whole skeletons as well as dismembered femurs and skulls. These ... bones of newborn or unborn infants, and human and animal bone fragments. Most of these objects within the bog were found to be ... The infant remains are each associated with, and subordinate to, the burial of a wooden bust. It is not known how the infants ... as well as fragments of human infant bones. Nearby to its east was the skeleton of an infant. Sculptures 5, 6, & 7 were ...
DePelchin also provides infant adoption services to birth mothers and fathers desiring to place their unborn or newborn infants ...
Congenital infections affect the unborn fetus or newborn infant. They are generally caused by viruses that may be picked up by ... Birth Defects are the major cause of infant mortality and a leading cause of disability.. Birth Defects can be prevented.. We ... Up to 20% of the infants born to mothers infected during the first half of pregnancy have CRS. The most common congenital ...
Undoubtedly, they will be raised as full term newborn infants. In all likelihood, where possible, these infants will be given ... This includes all unborn children who were aborted, died in the womb, or were miscarried. ...
... and why its so important for women to be vaccinated during pregnancy to protect their newborns from whooping cough. ... Infants cant be immunized before theyre 2 months old, so they rely on protection provided by their mothers. With the TDAP ... immunization, the mothers antibodies pass to the unborn fetus, protecting the baby for a few months after birth. ... Protect Your Newborn During Pregnancy with a TDAP Vaccine. A quick Google search delivers with ease lightning-fast information ...
... even when hundreds of thousands of couples are waiting to adopt a newborn infant. ... women dont care what kind of big government illiberalism they vote for as long as they retain the right to kill their unborn ... no time frame during which a womans liberty interests can outweigh societys interest in protecting the life of the unborn. On ...
February 23 - For all the unborn, newborns, infants, toddlers, and all children ... March 27 - For all mothers, fathers, medical or evil persons responsible for killing any unborn child ...
"There are occasions when DCP is required by law to intervene to protect newborn infants," the spokesperson said. ... The Departments deputy chief executive Fiona Ward says unborn children can be flagged with authorities if their parents suffer ... "Infants are being removed by statutory authorities almost without notice". Child and Family SA CEO Rob Martin says the practice ... "High-risk infant workers" are stationed in all three metropolitan birthing hospitals to help staff identify expectant mothers ...
You are either anti-murder of the unborn or pro-murder of the unborn - and now newborn infants; there is no in-between or ...
Gestational age, also known as menstrual age, is the age of an embryo or fetus (or newborn infant). It is most commonly ... Keywords: menstrual, lmp, fetus, weeks, unborn Related Terms: Preterm, Post-term pregnancy, Perinatal, Gestation, Puerperium, ... The gestational age of a newborn infant can be estimated by careful physical examination and scoring of certain criteria ( ... The unborn babys age in weeks from the first day of the mothers last menstrual period before conception until the baby ...
... supposedly to protect their newborn infant from contracting pertussis (whooping cough) in the first few weeks of life. ... Is Your Unborn Baby Part of a Vaccine Experiment?. Posted on January 27, 2016. January 27, 2016. by Lou Collins ... However, would she accept those vaccinations so readily if she knew that her unborn child was going to be used as part of a ... What is even more worrying is the fact that, in doing this, they are potentially risking the lives of millions of unborn babies ...
Abandoned infant protection: Illinois required sex education materials to advise students about the Abandoned Newborn Infant ... Crimes against the unborn child: Arkansas made the battering of a pregnant woman a Class A felony. Colorado created the crime ... Womens Right to Know: Arkansas required abortionists to tell women that they may see an ultrasound image of their unborn child ... Texas revised its definition of death to include for an individual who is an unborn child, the failure to be born alive. ...
to be informed of any potential direct or indirect effects, risks or hazards to herself or her unborn or newborn infant which ... especially if it is something whose short-term or long-term effects on an unborn child or a newborn are unknown. ... to be informed about how a drug or procedure may adversely affect her unborn baby, directly or indirectly, and that there is no ... drug or chemical which has been proven safe for the unborn child. ...
... unborn fetuses and newborn infants who, by virtue of natures mutations, were unable to survive but who were preserved by early ...
... their newborn infants should not be judged as harshly as people who take human life in its later stages because newborn infants ... It is now 25 years since the Supreme Court declared unborn children to be non-persons, opening the floodgates to a slaughter of ... When would the "good" to be gained by killing a newborn infant "outweigh the evil" of such an act? Well, when the baby had been ... Mary Ann Warren reached the same conclusion, writing that "killing a newborn infant isnt murder." And, despite her extensive ...
Newborn babies and infants also dont appear to be at increased risk of complications from the virus. ... There has also been no confirmed data that a mother who has COVID-19 can transmit the virus to her unborn child, and no risk of ... understandable that some pregnant women will be feeling a little anxious about their health and that of their unborn or newborn ...
XXXTentacions Mother Reveals His Unborn Child Is a Boy. XXXTentacions mother has revealed the gender of the rappers unborn ... Newly released photos show Drakes infant son Adonis. It looks like these photos were taken shortly after Sophie gave birth, as ... Welp, Here They Are: The FIRST PHOTOS of Drakes Newborn Son Adonis!. ... and she recently learned the hard way that you cant just change your newborns diaper anywhere you please. ...
"And as newborn infants, form a longing for the unadulterated milk belonging to the word, that through it you may grow to ... "Be like unborn babies, always thirsty for the pure spiritual milk, so that by drinking it you may grow up and be saved." ... "As newborn babes, desire the sincere milk of the word, that ye may grow thereby:" ... "Like newborn babes, long for the pure milk of the word, that by it you may grow in respect of salvation." ...
Miscarriages and infant mortality were high, because people did not know how to properly care for unborn and newborn children. ...
Budin established infant care facilities and created a nutritional check-up system for infants. Budin helped design early ... Liley was as passionate as a clinician and researcher as he was about his views on the rights of the unborn. ... Pierre Constant Budin worked in France to improve the lives of newborns and their mothers during the late nineteenth century. ... Budin stressed the importance of proper nutrition in infants and educated new mothers on breastfeeding and infant care. ...
The court stated that it was logical to treat the unborn child and the newborn child the same since neither a fetus nor a minor ... This distinction was important because a broad interpretation of the word patient would have included the newborn infant of the ... C) Binding the Unborn Child. An unborn child, even one who may not yet have been conceived, nonetheless may be held bound to an ... of medical negligence claims bound an infant who was unborn at the time of the alleged malpractice committed upon the infants ...
Police said her boyfriend at the time, Shannon Kip Browder, called police after he found the infants body in a bag in his ... According to police, she initially told them her unborn baby had a fatal condition so she elected to have an abortion. ... Woman Killed Her Newborn Son in the Bathtub Moments After His Birth. State , Micaiah Bilger , Aug 9, 2018 , 12:43PM , Richmond ... The document says she took a number of pills and went to bed "hoping she would die." When she woke, she put the newborns body ...
... stillborn and newborn infants, to grief support groups and other services throughout the diocese as well as online, to many ... a child before birth should know that the Knights of Columbus have built nearly 2,000 memorials and monuments to the unborn ... All Embrace is for families who have lost a baby from miscarriage, stillbirth, or infant death within the first few months ... This ministry offers spiritual, emotional and practical support to families who suffer miscarriage, stillbirth or infant loss. ...
Yet there is no meaningful distinction between a newborn infant and a fetus the day before birth. Weighing the relative ... As Daniel K. Williams recounts in "Defenders of the Unborn: The Pro-Life Movement Before Roe v. Wade," ...
These are the burial places of infants cast out of their pagan homes and left to die of starvation and exposure - a common ... By visiting the graves of the aborted unborn, we allow our hearts to be broken for them, and we recommit ourselves to ... Members of the early church, charged by Christ to love all their neighbors, offered these newborn sacrifices to Roman cruelty ... Not content to await a political or judicial solution to abortion, the League seeks to stop the killing of unborn children ...
As a newborn begins to ingest colostrum (mothers first breast liquid), breast milk and or infant formula poo will change from ... which are intestinal substances that an unborn foetus ingests while in the womb. ... Newborn. Until 4-months of age your newborn has immature sleep/ wake rhythms, he needs frequent milk feeds and has reduced ... When a baby is regularly ingesting infant formula poo is a pasty consistency and often green in colour (each brand of infant ...
... his eyes the milky color of guilt unborn. *chanak (also tyanak, tianak) is… ... represents the malicious spirit of aborted infants and is said to prey on birthing mothers/newborn babies. ... his eyes the milky color of guilt unborn. *"chanak" (also tyanak, tianak) is a creature from Filipino folklore, which, ...
... which persist and develop into a full-blown leukemia in the newborn infant. If such lncRNAs could be targeted in the infant ... In unborn infants, the blood system is first formed in the yolk sac of the embryo, then in the fetal liver, and only shortly ... We propose that infant leukemias originate from immature blood cells of the fetal liver. The working hypothesis is that certain ... targets in infant acute myeloid leukemias (AML). The project will primarily focus on lncRNAs (a novel and largely ...
A lawyer could argue that a newborn infant differs little from an infant still in the womb, and therefore if abortion is ... Lack of sanctity for unborn human life spills over into lack of sanctity for all human life. Such ideas could help beget a ... killing a newborn) should be permissible in all the cases where abortion is, including cases where the newborn is not disabled ... The next time you see a newborn, appreciate that this is "The One". He or she beat out billions of other wanna-be humans vying ...
Heroin Facts: Mothers who take heroin while their baby is in utero can increase a newborns. risk of SIDS (sudden infant death ... Heroin can cross the placenta and an unborn baby can become dependent on the drug if the mother is a regular user. ...
Our question to a proabortion doctor who would not kill a newborn baby is this: "Would you then kill this infant a minute ... Another good reason we should not view the unborn baby as an extension of the womans body is that it did not originate only ... Our question to a proabortion doctor who would not kill a newborn baby is this: "Would you then kill this infant a minute ... The infant is about sixteen inches long and weighs about three pounds. The eighth and ninth months see a fattening of the baby ...
  • Babies with PKU may need special infant formula with low Phenylalanine content. (
  • Pregnant women should be advised of this diet to prevent the exposure of their unborn babies. (
  • The Fetal Care Center provides care for unborn babies diagnosed with a medical condition. (
  • They recommend the vaccine as an effective strategy for protecting newborn babies and also point out the cost effectiveness of vaccinating one for the protection of two. (
  • Personalization of the microbiome begins from the very beginning: the intestinal colonization of infants born via vaginal delivery primarily reflect that of the mother's vaginal flora while the microbes of babies born via Cesarean section are made up of epidermal (skin) rather than vaginal species. (
  • Measurements of weight, length, and head circumference for more than 20,000 babies born between 33 and 42 weeks' gestation were used to generate the newborn standards. (
  • The year 2018 has been significant for PRI in protecting mothers and their unborn babies. (
  • At the Nemours Cardiac Center, we see infants (including newborns), kids, teens and expectant mothers (of unborn babies with possible congenital heart defects). (
  • The indisputable fact is that women who smoke during pregnancy put themselves and their unborn babies at risk for other health problems. (
  • The old, uninformed notions that unborn and newborn babies cannot feel pain are refuted by a growing body of scientific evidence. (
  • The published scientific literature shows that unborn babies can experience pain at 20 weeks gestational age (20 weeks LMP, since Last Menstrual Period, the fetal age estimate used by most obstetricians) or earlier. (
  • A comprehensive review of the scientific literature [1] including neural development, psychology of pain sensation, and moral implications of fetal pain, concludes that unborn babies may experience pain as early as 12 weeks. (
  • [9] There is extensive evidence of a hormonal stress response by unborn babies as early as 18 weeks [10] including "increases in cortisol, beta-endorphin, and decreases in the pulsatility index of the fetal middle cerebral artery. (
  • [11] Two independent studies in 2006 used brain scans of the sensory part of unborn babies' brains, showing response to pain. (
  • In 1993, ethicist Peter Singer shocked many Americans by suggesting that no newborn should be considered a person until 30 days after birth and that the attending physician should kill some disabled babies on the spot. (
  • Northside Hospital in Atlanta is developing and launching a new Fetal Therapy Program to treat some of Georgia's sickest unborn babies. (
  • For more than a generation, Northside Hospital in Atlanta has been the undisputed leader in maternity and newborn services, delivering more babies than any other single hospital in the United States. (
  • Approximately 150,000 infants per year, or one of every 20 babies born in the United States, are placed in neonatal intensive care units for observation and treatment (Steinmann, 1975). (
  • I had to come as I was very worried about the babies," Mamta Sharma says, noting that the family has made a small temple at home to pray for the infants' survival. (
  • Congress must take up and pass this bill and ensure that the legacy of Roe v. Wade does not extend itself from killing unborn children to killing newborn babies. (
  • This first comprehensive study of the burden of GBS, funded by a grant from the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation , includes data and estimates for the year 2015 from every country of the world, including outcomes for pregnant women, their babies and infants. (
  • POTTSVILLE, Pennsylvania (AP) -- Child welfare authorities seized a newborn from a hospital Friday and placed the baby in a foster home because his father is a convicted sex offender. (
  • The baby was born Tuesday and the agency obtained an emergency court order Wednesday authorizing it to take the infant. (
  • HARRISBURG, Pennsylvania (AP) -- Child-welfare officials obtained an emergency court order to seize a baby just 24 hours after he was born, contending the infant would be unsafe because his father is a convicted sex offender. (
  • This medicine may cause harm to the unborn baby if you take it while you are pregnant. (
  • If the fetus does not have the same claim to life as a person, it appears that the newborn baby does not either, and the life of a newborn baby is of less value than the life of a pig, a dog, or a chimpanzee. (
  • If we can put aside … emotionally moving but strictly irrelevant aspects of the killing of a baby we can see that the grounds for not killing persons do not apply to newborn infants. (
  • Cocaine reduces the nutrients and oxygen for the baby during pregnancy which can cause a full-term newborn to have low birth weight. (
  • Danazol can harm an unborn baby or cause vaginal birth defects in a newborn female infant. (
  • The devastating consequences of sexually transmitted diseases in women are well known and these very diseases can be dramatically more devastating and dangerous for pregnant women and especially for their unborn baby. (
  • There are certain STDs which are able to cross the placenta and infect the baby en utero, potentially disrupting fetal development. (
  • HIV positive women can transmit the AIDS virus to their unborn child through the placenta during the pregnancy, or the baby can contract the virus during the birthing process. (
  • There is nothing more important than protecting your unborn baby or a newborn infant. (
  • Consider the cruel order given by Herod the Great to murder the infants that he might kill baby Jesus. (
  • Most congenital infections in the fetus and newborn baby are totally silent and asymptomatic. (
  • This drug may cause harm to the unborn baby if your child takes it during pregnancy. (
  • With the TDAP immunization, the mother's antibodies pass to the unborn fetus, protecting the baby for a few months after birth. (
  • The bill addresses situations where a child is born after a failed abortion and would require doctors to provide medical care for the newborn baby. (
  • There is no known way to prevent all sudden infant deaths, but there are lifesaving steps parents and caregivers can take to help protect their baby from SIDS and SUID, including suffocation and accidents during sleep. (
  • As an expectant parent, there is so much to learn about caring for your unborn baby and even more to learn about caring for your newborn once you're home from the hospital. (
  • A new study shows that when pregnant mothers are vaccinated the benefit of the vaccination is passed on to the unborn baby. (
  • It is now known that the unborn infant begins to develop its own microbiome during late-stage gestation, as the maturing baby begins to swallow amniotic fluid as well as taking in maternal microbiota through the placenta. (
  • F - a Fetus' poster showing an unborn baby with the caption: 'For all you folks who consider a fetus more valuable than a woman, have a fetus cook for you, have a fetus affair, go to a fetus' house to ease your sexual frustration. (
  • However, when the smoker is pregnant, or is around a pregnant woman, the impact of the chemicals in the cigarettes is extremely detrimental to the health and wellbeing of the unborn baby - not to mention the mother herself. (
  • Nicotine, tar, and carbon monoxide, all emitted from cigarettes when a person smokes, filter down to the unborn baby in the womb. (
  • It isn't only the mother's smoking habit that can potentially damage or even kill the unborn baby. (
  • If you think that your unborn baby responds when you talk to him, you're right. (
  • Get the latest information about the zika virus during pregnancy including how to protect your unborn baby or infant, signs and symptoms, complications, and prevention. (
  • Two common methods are used to measure the age of an unborn baby: Probable post-fertilization age (PPF, used by embryologists) measures the age of the unborn baby from the actual date of conception, while gestational age measures from the first day of the mother's last menstrual period (LMP, approx. (
  • The unborn baby reacts to noxious stimuli with avoidance reactions and stress responses. (
  • There are two main tests that can help families know if they are at risk to have a baby with SCD: carrier screening and newborn screening. (
  • Carrier screening during pregnancy allows at risk couples the option to test the unborn baby for SCD. (
  • These tests (amniocentesis or chorionic villi sampling) can determine if an unborn baby has SCD or is unaffected. (
  • This drug may cause harm to an unborn baby. (
  • The liberal search for a morally crucial dividing line between the newborn baby and the fetus has failed to yield any event or stage of development that can bear the weight of separating those with a right to life from those who lack such a right. (
  • If, for example, parents kill one disabled infant to make way for another baby that will be happier than the first, the total amount of happiness increases for all interested parties. (
  • 10 If the parents want the newborn, it is wrong to kill the baby because the act deprives them of happiness. (
  • Taking regular exercise up until the final stages of pregnancy does not have a harmful effect on the weight or size of the unborn baby, Spanish researchers have indicated. (
  • blue baby an infant born with cyanosis , a bluish color due to abnormally low concentration of oxygen in the circulating blood, usually due to one or more defect(s) of the heart or great vessels. (
  • collodion baby an infant affected with lamellar exfoliation of the newborn . (
  • baby Doe legislation a law that requires health care providers to provide treatment for severely handicapped newborns except when death appears inevitable, when treatment merely prolongs inevitable death, or when treatment is so futile as to be inhumane. (
  • blue baby an infant born with cyanosis due to a congenital heart lesion or atelectasis. (
  • A. Here is couple of advices about overweight in infants I found useful when my baby was 6 months old. (
  • Early prenatal care can provide necessary information to the mother, and effect changes in nutrition-related and behavioral risk factors impacting the mother, and her unborn baby. (
  • Paxil side effects are passed from a pregnant mother to the baby she is carrying and to newborns and infants who are being breast fed. (
  • The process of giving birth to a baby -- commonly referred to as labor -- can be a strenuous time for the unborn baby as well as the mother. (
  • Infection is acquired, for example, from an infected mother to an unborn baby, by eating unwashed vegetables or undercooked meat, or by direct contact with cat feces (the cat is a host for this organism). (
  • When passed to a baby, syphilis can result in miscarriage, newborn death, and severe lifelong physical and developmental concerns," the notice read. (
  • Included at the Sue and Bill Gross Women's Pavilion is an advanced fetal diagnostic testing unit to monitor the health of both mother and her unborn baby in a comfortable and relaxed setting. (
  • Hemolytic Disease of the Newborn (HDN) is a condition of red blood cell mismatch between a mother and her baby. (
  • If their unborn baby is Rh-positive (inherited from the father), he/she has D antigen present. (
  • In this photo taken on October 18, 2019, a premature newborn baby is pictured at the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU) in Sitaram Bhartia hospital in New Delhi. (
  • Another study, in 2017, suggested that tiny particles can enter the foetal side of the placenta and disrupt the development of the unborn baby. (
  • After the baby is born, addicted mothers don't realize their newborn is just as dependent on the drug as they are and now the infant is suffering from withdrawal. (
  • We can help you make the wise choice about prenatal testing through our Prenatal Assessment Center at the Maya Angelou Women's Health & Wellness Center to identify factors that could endanger your unborn baby or your own health, as well as reassure those with a baby that might be at risk. (
  • In women, GBS can live harmlessly in the digestive system or lower vaginal tract, from where it can be passed to the unborn baby through the amniotic fluid or to newborns during labour. (
  • The benefits of skin-to-skin contact between a newborn infant and its mother have various benefits, including improved physiologic stability for both mother and baby immediately following birth, increased maternal attachment behaviors, protection against the negative effects of maternal-infant separation, and more. (
  • Infants who are born "big" or large for gestational age (LGA), have a greater risk for complications for both mom and baby. (
  • The Center for Fetal and Neonatal Medicine provides innovative treatment for complex issues faced by mothers and their unborn children. (
  • Newfoundland and Labrador's largest health authority is reminding the public of the importance of safe sex practices after reporting an increase in syphilis cases and the first confirmed cases of the disease being transferred between mothers and their unborn infants. (
  • Karen E. Johnson, R.N. and Bella Belleza-Bascon, R.N., and was based on 116 CDH patients, with 71 fetuses who presented in the prenatal period and 45 infants who were outborn or postnatally diagnosed at Texas Children's Fetal Center between 2004 and 2009. (
  • These infections can occur in both healthy and immunocompromised individuals, including older adults, infants, young children, and pregnant women and their unborn fetuses, in whom life-threatening infections and fetal miscarriage can occur. (
  • After reading such vivid descriptions of this precious unborn child, should anyone really have to ask, "Do fetuses have rights? (
  • Instead of upgrading the fetus to the status of a person, however, Peter Singer downgrades the newborn to the status of nonperson because newborns, like fetuses, are incapable "of seeing themselves as distinct entities, existing over time. (
  • Now, a team of researchers at Wayne State University School of Medicine and the Perinatology Research Branch (PRB) of the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development/National Institutes of Health in Detroit shows how fetuses and newborns are mostly spared by the coronavirus infection. (
  • The receptor and enzyme are present in only small amounts in the placenta, which suggests that this might be the reason why the novel coronavirus rarely infects fetuses or newborns of women infected with the virus. (
  • As one of only four centers in the United States that provides the full spectrum of fetal therapies, including fetal intervention and fetal surgery, Texas Children's Fetal Center is committed to providing accurate diagnosis and premier, complete treatment for pregnant women and their unborn children. (
  • Kidney and bladder infections can pose a serious risk to pregnant women and their unborn children, because they increase the risk of premature contractions or delivery and sometimes death of the fetus or newborn infant. (
  • At this time in our country's history, vastly improved communications and fetal science are working together to tear the shroud of mystery and secrecy away from the unborn child and from abortion. (
  • The interaction between the infant and the environment: The importance of mother-child contact after delivery. (
  • This drug addiction is so serious not only for the unborn child but for the cocaine addicted mother. (
  • This video provides a clear understanding to the dangers that cocaine and other illegal drugs can have on a mother and their unborn child. (
  • During pregnancy, a mother just naturally has concerns about their unborn child when it comes to their over-all health. (
  • For most women, it's hard to imagine a mother making poor choices and risking the health of their unborn child. (
  • There is absolutely no amount of cocaine or any other drug that has not been prescribed by your doctor that's ok or safe for a mother and her unborn child. (
  • Our skin usually does a great job of protecting us from anything that would cause us or our unborn child harm. (
  • It is defined as: "(a) an unborn child as in Lk. (
  • Child must be present at the appointment (unless child is unborn or newborn patient in a hospital). (
  • The first 45 pages deal with the world of the unborn and the rest of the book concerns itself with the newborn child and infant. (
  • Rhesus disease can occur when the blood of the expectant mother is incompatible with her unborn child. (
  • Florida has a vehicular homicide law that holds defendants accountable for the death of a "viable fetus," but this bill would replace that terminology with "unborn child. (
  • Uncontrolled, gestational diabetes involves serious risks for the mother and unborn child. (
  • This study design was the same approach taken by the WHO's Multicentre Growth Reference Study of healthy infants and children, which established the international WHO Child Growth Standards, from 0 to 5 years of age, that are now used in more than 140 countries worldwide. (
  • Combining the WHO Child Growth Standards with the new fetal and newborn standards will provide health practitioners worldwide with clinical tools to monitor growth from early pregnancy to school. (
  • An unborn child in the third trimester and right before birth gets a tremendous amount of iron from the mother. (
  • Prenatal testing can help expectant parents know whether their unborn child will have a genetic disease or disorder. (
  • DHA is important to the unborn and newborn child, and pregnant women should make sure that they get enough of it, preferably from fish, but otherwise from supplements," said Philip Calder, a professor of nutritional epidemiology at the University of Southampton in England, who was not involved with the research. (
  • 2) The physician who is to perform or induce the abortion or a qualified professional has presented the woman, in person, printed materials provided by the department, which describe the probable anatomical and physiological characteristics of the unborn child at two-week gestational increments from conception to full term, including color photographs or images of the developing unborn child at two-week gestational increments. (
  • Such descriptions shall include information about brain and heart functions, the presence of external members and internal organs during the applicable stages of development and information on when the unborn child is viable. (
  • Meanwhile, younger people, children, pregnant women, and their unborn child, and infants are mostly spared by the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2). (
  • While pregnant women represent a potential high-risk population given that other viral infections like the Zika virus, rubella, and cytomegalovirus can be passed from the mother to the unborn child, the evidence for this type of transmission in SARS-CoV-2 infections is rare. (
  • a newborn child. (
  • 1 an infant or young child, especially one who is not yet able to walk or talk. (
  • Women experiencing these life events should never take Paxil as the risk of harming the unborn or breastfeeding child are extreme. (
  • Moreover, there is the possibility of transferring the mother and the unborn child from a Type I maternity to a Type II or III center, for pregnancies at risk, whatever the term, within A regional perinatal network. (
  • The meeting - 'From Pledges to Action' - is hosted by the Partnership for Maternal, Newborn and Child Health, and India's Ministry of Health and Family Welfare. (
  • A corridor connects the maternal hospital to the newborn care unit just as a mother is connected to her unborn child by the umbilical cord, explains Dr. R.L. Suman, Associate Professor of Paediatrics. (
  • Generally, if you were infected with Toxoplasma before becoming pregnant your unborn child is protected by your immunity. (
  • How can Toxoplasma affect my unborn child? (
  • What are the best ways to protect myself or my unborn child against toxoplasmosis? (
  • This is a medical negligence and infant wrongful death lawsuit brought by the parents of a deceased child. (
  • Three hours after presenting to the hospital, the patient's unborn child exhibits fetal distress . (
  • Because of the defendants' delay in treatment and failure to take appropriate action, the newborn child died soon after birth. (
  • Sustained universal provision of ITNs to pregnant women at risk of malaria, through antenatal clinics (ANC) should be a priority [ 7 ] as this will allow protection of the mother, the unborn child and the infant as mothers and their newborn children share sleeping places. (
  • Heavily pregnant Rachel Gokavi spends most days shut away in her New Delhi home, desperate to shield her unborn child from the toxic air blamed for soaring miscarriage rates and infant deaths. (
  • Neonatal Abstinence Syndrome can occur in a newborn if the unborn child is exposed to illegal drugs like heroin or even prescription drugs like Diazepam (Valium) while in the womb according to MedlinePlus. (
  • When a woman uses any of these drugs during her pregnancy they travel into an organ called the placenta which nourishes the fetus while in the womb, so if the mother is addicted to a drug, so is their unborn child. (
  • Even if the mother is known to have a viral illness during her pregnancy, her immune system may prevent the virus from infecting the fetus or newborn infant. (
  • She said, "When we compared vaccination rates during pregnancy in the study, we found that in the group of infants who didn't have influenza, far more mothers received the influenza vaccine. (
  • In the group of infants studied, giving the vaccine to a woman during pregnancy was 91.5 percent effective in preventing hospitalization due to influenza. (
  • Mothers who smoke early in pregnancy are more likely to give birth to infants with heart defects, according to a study funded by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). (
  • The study, published in the April issue of Pediatrics, shows that women who smoked anytime during the month before pregnancy to the end of the first trimester were more likely to give birth to infants with certain congenital heart defects (CHDs) compared to women who did not smoke during this time period. (
  • Smoking during and after pregnancy is one of the causes of Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS). (
  • Syphilis can be passed from mother to infant during pregnancy , causing a disease called congenital syphilis. (
  • After the first affected pregnancy, the severity of hemolytic disease of the newborn worsens with each pregnancy. (
  • Our advanced medical programs are customized to help you understand and to explain the difficulties and challenges during pregnancy and the potential special needs of the infant. (
  • We provide peace-of-mind and will answer all of your questions to insure a safe pregnancy and a healthy newborn infant. (
  • At least 60 countries have a policy for antibiotic use in pregnancy to prevent newborn GBS disease. (
  • These toxic illegal chemicals stay in the fetus and newborn baby's body for a much longer period of time than in the mothers. (
  • If you wish to have a second opinion or transfer your infant to the newborn intensive care unit (NICU) at St. Louis Children's Hospital, you must first discuss this wish with your baby's doctor. (
  • The OBIX Perinatal Data System provides staff and physicians with improved monitoring capability by digitally recording and automatically transferring vital information about the unborn baby's health directly into an electronic medical record and providing additional safety 'alerts' about abnormal situations that may be developing. (
  • At the same time, in a study published in the journal Nature Communications , researchers in France have described the first confirmed case of a newborn infected in the womb with the novel coronavirus disease by the mother. (
  • The unborn fetus finds the womb a natural habitat, and so, when entering the world after birth, the mother's body and breasts take over the function of the uterus and placenta. (
  • Texas Children's Fetal Center is a national leader in the diagnosis and treatment of abnormalities in unborn and newborn infants. (
  • If you wish to see a neonatologist or other pediatric specialist before your infant is born, you or your doctor may contact the Fetal Care Center. (
  • At present, over 100 different, locally produced, growth charts are used around the world to assess fetal growth and newborn size. (
  • Professor Zulfiqar Bhutta, from The Aga Khan University in Karachi, Pakistan, and the Hospital for Sick Children in Toronto, Chair of the INTERGROWTH-21st Project Steering Committee, said: 'These new standards for fetal growth and newborn size, and standardised methods for comparing length/height and head circumference for gestational age, are the best ways to compare populations across the globe. (
  • In addition to the purchase last year of a new Panda infant warmer used to resuscitate and stabilize newborns in distress, installation is just wrapping up on a new state-of-the-art fetal monitoring system. (
  • The abortion-rights advocates are fighting on the anti-abortion side's territory, which is the subtle and usually religious question of when life begins or when the unborn becomes a person. (
  • Pro-abortionists today proceed on the supposition that the unborn fetus is not a living being, a human being, and thus abortion is not murder, but simply like having an ingrown toenail removed! (
  • If abortion is justifiable and not a sin, it would have been proper to destroy John as a brephos (yet unborn, a fetus). (
  • Critics of the "Infants Born Alive" bill say that these small changes are intended to slowly take away access to abortion. (
  • The Florida House of Representatives was listening to positions on its "Infants Born Alive" bill when Alisa LaPolt Snow, the lobbyist representing the Florida Alliance of Planned Parenthood Affiliates, testified that her organization believes post-birth abortion to be a viable option . (
  • This would allow the the woman seeking an abortion, and her abortion doctor, to kill an infant who survives a failed abortion and is medically capable of staying alive. (
  • What do you think about post-birth abortion as advocated by Planned Parenthood's representatives during the "Infants Born Alive" bill hearings? (
  • To the dismay of popular abortion advocates, Singer rejects birth as a relevant dividing line between person and nonperson, agreeing with pro-life advocates that there is no ontologically significant difference between the fetus and a newborn. (
  • When applied to abortion, the war of words against the unborn took place in the minds and hearts of the perpetrators long before it was implemented in hospitals and abortion chambers. (
  • In his letter, Archbishop Naumann asked the Senate to support the "common-sense legislation" that would protect infants who survived abortion attempts. (
  • Congenital infections affect the unborn fetus or newborn infant. (
  • The specific variety of gut microbiota in preterm infants differs greatly from that of full-term infants and may have a significant influence on the future health of those children. (
  • Since the swallowing reflex only develops late in gestation, many preterm infants do not take in amniotic fluids that way. (
  • Antibiotic treatment is commonly given to preterm infants as a precautionary measure to avoid the serious infections prevalent in that population. (
  • [16] This means that unborn, as well as newborn and preterm, infants show "hyperresponsiveness" to pain. (
  • 4. Wu, P. Y. K., and Hodgman, J. E. Insensible water loss in preterm infants: changes with postnatal development and non-ionizing radiant energy. (
  • NOW, day old, newborn infants are being taken from their mother while still in the hospital under the pretext of a 22 year guilty plea of the husband and a 'doctor's report' of the mother (surely given in CONFIDENCE to that physician) ALLEGING previous drug use and prostitution! (
  • The hospital, however, refused to hand over the infant so soon after birth, according to a lawyer representing the mother, Melissa WolfHawk. (
  • Skin-to-skin contact with the mother as well as swaddling in a light blanket for newborns are often standard procedures that relate to Madigan's tactile pressure for horses. (
  • Long-term effect on mother-infant behavior of extra contact during the first hour postpartum. (
  • First mothers rooming-in with their newborns: Its impact on the mother. (
  • The medical term used when this happens is called 'placental abruption' which can lead to major bleeding which can be fatal to the mother and her infant. (
  • Prognosis is poor for infections transmitted from mother to newborn . (
  • Another contribution to the rise in the life expectancy of these premature infants: corticosteroids, administered to the mother in the days prior to delivery, accelerate the maturation of the lungs and reduce Half the rate of occurrence of hyaline membrane disease (MMH). (
  • If the mother is determined to have anti-D antibodies and the father is Rh-positive, there is the possibility of hemolytic disease of the newborn. (
  • The mother might have been well-intentioned, but because tests showed no other drugs in her or the infant, her doctors said kratom probably caused her son's condition, known clinically as neonatal abstinence syndrome. (
  • Apparently unborn children cannot know pleasure either, while grown animals can. (
  • But if newborn children do not have it, when do they acquire it? (
  • The purpose of this policy statement was to review the risks of raw milk consumption in the United States and to provide evidence of the risks of infectious complications associated with consumption of unpasteurized milk and milk products, especially among pregnant women, infants, and children. (
  • Preventive strategies are all that exist, including the vaccination of those around newborns and young children. (
  • Our Nemours Cardiac Center outcomes and quality measures are among the best in the nation, which gives children and infants with congenital and acquired heart conditions the best chance for a long and fulfilling life. (
  • It is also extremely dangerous to newborns, infants, and young children. (
  • In fact, the human brain cortex does not fully mature until approximately 25 years of age, yet infants, children, and teenagers obviously can experience pain. (
  • He explicitly holds that infants are not persons with a right to life and that "there will be permissible exceptions to the rule against killing infants that will not apply to the rule against killing adults and children. (
  • This book describes in detail the remarkable semantic parallels frequently used to describe unborn children with those formerly used against Jews and others in Nazi Germany, African Americans during and after slavery, Russian peasants in the Soviet Union, American Indians on the frontier, women, the elderly and disabled persons. (
  • It most commonly affects infants and small children. (
  • Newborns aren't as capable of adjusting their body temperature as older children and adults because they don't have the same insulating fats. (
  • It is a major cause of respiratory disease in expectant mothers and often leads to hospitalization of newborns. (
  • The infant is delivered via a traditional vaginal birth. (
  • The defendants should have delivered the infant with a cesarean section instead of a vaginal birth in light of this. (
  • Averting neonatal deaths is pivotal to reducing the infant mortality rate in India, which in 2009 stood at 50 per 1,000 live births. (
  • In India, the mortality rate for newborns stands at 39 per 1,000 live births and contributes to about two-thirds of all deaths in the first year of life. (
  • According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), the incidence of hemolytic disease caused by RhD incompatibility in newborns occurs in approximately 1 in 1,000 live born infants. (
  • This photograph, which depicts a healthcare worker attending to a newborn infant, was used in a public health awareness campaign promoting prenatal care. (
  • This reflected a recognition of the major developmental inadequacies of the premature infant, who was best suited for the warm, watery environment of the uterus. (
  • In newborn foals, the disorder known as neonatal maladjustment syndrome or dummy foal syndrome occurs in only 3 to 5 percent of live births. (
  • The stabilization of a hydropic newborn requires a high level of intensive coordinated management by a neonatal team well prepared for the possibly affected infant. (
  • It can increase the infant's size dramatically, traumatizing the mother's delivery, and upset the neonatal metabolism, causing illness or even death in the newborn. (
  • The 58-bed Newborn and Infant Critical Care Unit (NICCU) offers the highest level of neonatal care available, treating the most critically ill preemies, newborns and infants in Southern California. (
  • This article focuses on some of the hazards present in the "protected" environment of the newborn nursery and is designed to stimulate awareness of some of the undesirable side effects associated with modern neonatal care. (
  • Consequently, by the same reasoning, there would have been no sin in putting Jesus to death as a brephos (newborn babe) as he laid in the manger! (
  • The babe, newborn or yet unborn, is a living being, and therefore to destroy him or her is murder! (
  • However, immediately after birth, the infant horse must make an equally important transition to consciousness. (
  • The goal of the program was to treat the newborn as a person, minimize discomfort during birth and avoid conditions of possible stress and anxiety. (
  • If you abuse cocaine before delivery, the chemicals can last up to a week in your newborn after their birth. (
  • There is a real danger of transmission of sexually transmitted diseases from the woman directly to her fetus, newborn, or infant which can occur at any stage - before, during or after birth. (
  • Post-birth abortions were debated during a recent hearing over the "Infants Born Alive" bill. (
  • They often are obese, over 30, have a strong family history of diabetes, have delivered a stillborn or given birth to another large infant. (
  • Until recently, it was believed that the gut of the unborn infant is a sterile environment that first becomes populated during the passage through the birth canal. (
  • This research included 3,067 infants with CHDs and a comparison group of 3,947 infants with no major birth defects. (
  • Newborn infants, especially those of low birth weight, face a variety of environmental hazards in the new air-filled world into which they have emerged (Table 1). (
  • an infant from birth to toddlerhood (circa age 2). (
  • Vox populi A popular term for an infant, or the youngest person in a family, from birth to toddlerhood-circa age 2. (
  • An important element for decreasing infant mortality is to prevent low birth weight. (
  • Newborns are usually infected with coliform bacteria (bacteria in the gut, contracted at birth) such as Escherichia coli or Listeria . (
  • More than 50% of affected infants die within a few weeks after birth. (
  • Most infected infants do not have symptoms at birth but can develop serious symptoms later in life, such as blindness or mental disability. (
  • Occasionally, infected newborns have serious eye or brain damage at birth. (
  • Evidence has shown that newborns who are placed skin to skin with their mothers immediately after birth have better respiratory, temperature, and glucose stability, and significantly less crying that stipulates less stress. (
  • What might the first moments after birth be like for the newborn infant? (
  • Our superlative team of cardiologists in Bangalore and cardiovascular surgeons, expert ECHO Cardiologists, Electrophysiologists, Interventional Cardiologists and Radiologists have the expertise and skillset to precisely diagnose and treat cardiac conditions including Coronary Artery Disease, Coronary Heart Disease, Congenital Heart Disease, Paediatric Heart Disease, Heart Rhythm Disorders, Valvular disease and heart failures emergencies, even in a newborn. (
  • Maternal-infant bonding. (
  • Researchers concluded that there is a biological difference in maternal vs. paternal recognition in infants. (
  • This analysis shows for the first time that a maternal GBS vaccine, which was 80% effective and reached 90% of women, could potentially prevent 231,000 infant and maternal GBS cases. (
  • The initial and most rapidly formed configurational isomer 4z, 15e bilirubin accounts for 20% of total serum bilirubin level in newborns undergoing phototherapy and is produced maximally at conventional levels of irradiance (6-9 µW/cm 2 /nm). (
  • The exposed surface area is increased by the use of 1-2 fiberoptic pads that should be placed under the infant or by the use of BiliBed or Bili-Bassinet, which provides phototherapy from above and below. (
  • Newborn undergoing phototherapy. (
  • NBS is performed by a heel-prick of the newborn and results are reported to the child's pediatrician typically within one week. (
  • Infants in the study were examined at 1, 3 and 6 months old, and their mothers were asked whether, in the past two weeks, the infants had symptoms such as congestion, phlegm, vomiting and rashes and how long those lasted. (
  • While both groups had similar numbers of illnesses, infants whose mothers had taken DHA saw many illness symptoms reduced - for example, they spent 14 percent less time being ill by age 3 months - although other symptoms appeared to last longer. (
  • The effects of normal heart beat sound on the behavior of the newborn infant: Implications for mental health. (
  • Here is a timeline of tips that provides accurate and up-to-date information on infant health and survival. (
  • I became fiercely dedicated to issues of access, equity and respect for women's self-determination and for their right to make decisions about their health and that of their unborn and newborn infants. (
  • Virtua OB/GYN Helen Gorlitzky, MD , shares all the facts about the TDAP vaccine, and why it's so important for protecting moms and newborns. (
  • Sculpture 2 was associated with a large obsidian flake, tied bundles of leaves and plants, a hematite ball, a pile of sandstone rocks "common to a number of other sculptures," as well as fragments of human infant bones. (
  • There is accumulating evidence that environmental conditions during the prenatal and perinatal periods and the early years of life have a determining impact upon the intellectual and emotional development of the human infant. (
  • Compulsory rooming-in in the ward and private newborn service at Duke Hospital. (
  • If your newborn needs to be transported to the St. Louis Children's Hospital NICU, your doctor will contact the NICU transport service at 800.678.HELP (4357) . (
  • In 1973 the U.S. Supreme Court declared that the unborn, at most, represented only the "potentiality of life. (
  • Consumption of raw dairy products is especially risky among populations such as pregnant women, infants, the elderly, and immunocompromised individuals, who are most susceptible to infection with pathogens ingested in raw milk or milk products. (
  • This has special relevance for environmental planning for the increasing numbers of infants born at-risk for central nervous system dysfunction associated with such conditions as malnutrition, drug effects, prematurity, infection, respiratory distress, and hyperbilirubinemia. (
  • If untreated, GBS can cause serious infections, such as meningitis and septicaemia, which may lead to stillbirths, and newborn and infant deaths. (
  • Under this theory, all unborn life, since no embryo or fetus is "conscious. (
  • The potential consequences of depersonalization can be seen in the ways in which we already treat unborn human life. (
  • I couldn't bear to watch the whole hearings, and I know I could find a transcript and do a search, but I'm sure if he were asked when does life begin/when is the unborn a person, he'd say that the case law establishes that the question is not to be answered by judges. (
  • Many infants with CHDs die in the first year of life, and infants who survive often require numerous surgeries, lengthy hospitalizations and a lifetime of treatment for related disabilities. (
  • therefore, "the life of a newborn is of less value than the life of a pig, a dog, or a chimpanzee. (
  • 9 Biblical studies professor George Ball labels the newborn and those who are on respirators "animals" because they cannot engage in conscious management of life or its direction. (
  • Newborns, especially premature infants, are vulnerable. (
  • It is barbaric and merciless to leave these vulnerable infants without any care or rights. (
  • We're continuing to provide the highest quality maternity and newborn services to ensure the best possible clinical outcomes for high-risk and complicated pregnancies. (
  • To prevent infant deaths due to soft bedding, follow these recommendations when putting infants under 12 months down to sleep. (
  • Led by the London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine and involving more than 100 researchers from around the world, the series of 11 research papers conservatively estimates that out of 410,000 GBS cases every year, there will be at least 147,000 stillbirths and infant deaths globally. (
  • Despite being home to only 13% of the world's population, Africa had the highest burden, with 54% of estimated cases and 65% of stillbirths and infant deaths. (
  • When abusing Cocaine, chemicals last for about 30 hours in the mother's urine and lasts between 2 to 7 days in the newborn infant after abusing the drug. (
  • In newborns formula free from phenylalanine is initiated as soon as diagnosis is made. (
  • While more infants in the PRE group displayed severe risk factors, the study showed extremely similar rates of survival and outcomes between the two groups - highlighting the benefits of early CDH diagnosis and treatment. (
  • Diagnosis of Deafness in Infants with Use of Computer-Averaged Electroencephalographic Responses to Sound. (
  • This diagnosis also makes it possible to avoid Many cases of death in utero and to prepare for a better care of the newborn. (
  • Also, newborn and younger infants who have not yet developed sufficiently to exhibit these capacities, as well as those who have lost them, such as late-stage Alzheimer's patients. (
  • The newborn is diagnosed with severe brain damage and dies three hours after delivery. (
  • The defendants were negligent in failing to intervene when it became clear that the unborn infant was in distress. (
  • Late term miscarriages are linked to smoking as well as stillbirth and death of the infant within the first year. (
  • Anna Seale, Series co-lead and Associate Professor at the London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine said: "Even if antibiotics were given to all pregnant women identified through screening strategies, they target mainly early-onset GBS disease in newborns, not GBS disease in pregnant women, GBS disease before delivery causing stillbirth, or GBS disease in infants more than a couple of days old. (
  • As a part of the Southern Illinois Perinatal Network, a strong network of care providers, we are a resource for physicians, mothers and infants of Southern Illinois. (
  • And though Eldridge hopes more research will help lawmakers better regulate kratom, she believes that physicians today "need to counsel women who are pregnant about the risk of kratom such as they would any other legal substance that can have ill effects on their newborn. (
  • Provide medical care for referred high-risk patients and their newborns. (
  • These positioners place infants at high risk of suffocation. (
  • Additionally, the team also suggested that women who are more active tend to be less likely to have heavier newborns, unlike those who enjoy a more sedentary regime, whose infants may be at greater risk of developing conditions such as diabetes . (
  • Illustrative of the tight balance between risk and benefit associated with introduction of anything into the environment of the newborn infant is the long-recognized risk of high oxygen concentration. (
  • There is no flu treatment for newborns or infants under six months. (
  • In addition to the hazards of the natural environment that these infants face are those associated with the very devices and treatment regimens that have been developed to sustain, monitor, and protect them. (
  • Three groups of persons are disproportionately affected: the elderly, the immunocompromised, and pregnant women and their unborn or newborn infants. (
  • A three year study by the Yale School of Medicine has found that vaccinating pregnant women for the flu is 90% effective in preventing their infants from acquiring the illness during their first six months. (
  • The aim of this study was to quantify toxic metals lead, cadmium and trace elements zinc, copper, aluminium (Al) and Iron (Fe) levels in pregnant women, cord blood and meconium of new-born infants from industrial zones of Karachi, Pakistan. (
  • A new study adds to the growing evidence that fish oil supplements in the diet of pregnant women can bolster their infants' immune systems. (
  • Current GBS prevention focuses on giving antibiotics to women in labour, aiming to reduce disease in infants at delivery. (
  • Of the approximately 50,000 infants admitted to the units annually, about 90 per cent will be sent home healthy. (
  • Roots of attachment: The relationship of parents with their unborn. (
  • This downloadable, English/Spanish brochure highlights safe sleep practices for parents and their infants. (
  • When Do Newborns Recognize Their Parents' Voices? (
  • We offer a wide variety of educational classes in prepared childbirth, breastfeeding, newborn care, infant safety and more. (