Patents as Topic: Exclusive legal rights or privileges applied to inventions, plants, etc.Sex Determination Analysis: Validation of the SEX of an individual by inspection of the GONADS and/or by genetic tests.Hierarchy, Social: Social rank-order established by certain behavioral patterns.Breeding: The production of offspring by selective mating or HYBRIDIZATION, GENETIC in animals or plants.Algorithms: A procedure consisting of a sequence of algebraic formulas and/or logical steps to calculate or determine a given task.Models, Genetic: Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of genetic processes or phenomena. They include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.Social Dominance: Social structure of a group as it relates to the relative social rank of dominance status of its members. (APA, Thesaurus of Psychological Index Terms, 8th ed.)Neural Networks (Computer): A computer architecture, implementable in either hardware or software, modeled after biological neural networks. Like the biological system in which the processing capability is a result of the interconnection strengths between arrays of nonlinear processing nodes, computerized neural networks, often called perceptrons or multilayer connectionist models, consist of neuron-like units. A homogeneous group of units makes up a layer. These networks are good at pattern recognition. They are adaptive, performing tasks by example, and thus are better for decision-making than are linear learning machines or cluster analysis. They do not require explicit programming.Nerve Net: A meshlike structure composed of interconnecting nerve cells that are separated at the synaptic junction or joined to one another by cytoplasmic processes. In invertebrates, for example, the nerve net allows nerve impulses to spread over a wide area of the net because synapses can pass information in any direction.Lymph Nodes: They are oval or bean shaped bodies (1 - 30 mm in diameter) located along the lymphatic system.Forecasting: The prediction or projection of the nature of future problems or existing conditions based upon the extrapolation or interpretation of existing scientific data or by the application of scientific methodology.Models, Statistical: Statistical formulations or analyses which, when applied to data and found to fit the data, are then used to verify the assumptions and parameters used in the analysis. Examples of statistical models are the linear model, binomial model, polynomial model, two-parameter model, etc.Tornadoes: Rotating column of air extending from a thunderstorm to the ground. Tornadoes generally produce damage paths of 100 yards wide or less, with path lengths of a couple miles.Weather: The state of the ATMOSPHERE over minutes to months.Sunlight: Irradiation directly from the sun.Disasters: Calamities producing great damage, loss of life, and distress. They include results of natural phenomena and man-made phenomena. Normal conditions of existence are disrupted and the level of impact exceeds the capacity of the hazard-affected community.Cyclonic Storms: Non-frontal low-pressure systems over tropical or sub-tropical waters with organized convection and definite pattern of surface wind circulation.Maple Syrup Urine Disease: An autosomal recessive inherited disorder with multiple forms of phenotypic expression, caused by a defect in the oxidative decarboxylation of branched-chain amino acids (AMINO ACIDS, BRANCHED-CHAIN). These metabolites accumulate in body fluids and render a "maple syrup" odor. The disease is divided into classic, intermediate, intermittent, and thiamine responsive subtypes. The classic form presents in the first week of life with ketoacidosis, hypoglycemia, emesis, neonatal seizures, and hypertonia. The intermediate and intermittent forms present in childhood or later with acute episodes of ataxia and vomiting. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p936)Rain: Water particles that fall from the ATMOSPHERE.Snow: Frozen water crystals that fall from the ATMOSPHERE.Lakes: Inland bodies of still or slowly moving FRESH WATER or salt water, larger than a pond, and supplied by RIVERS and streams.Wind: The motion of air relative to the earth's surface.Hydrodynamics: The motion of fluids, especially noncompressible liquids, under the influence of internal and external forces.Great Lakes Region: The geographic area of the Great Lakes in general and when the specific state or states are not indicated. It usually includes Illinois, Indiana, Michigan, Minnesota, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, and Wisconsin.Fresh Water: Water containing no significant amounts of salts, such as water from RIVERS and LAKES.Geography: The science dealing with the earth and its life, especially the description of land, sea, and air and the distribution of plant and animal life, including humanity and human industries with reference to the mutual relations of these elements. (From Webster, 3d ed)Micronesia: The collective name for islands of the Pacific Ocean east of the Philippines, including the Mariana, PALAU, Caroline, Marshall, and Kiribati Islands. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p761 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p350)Flavivirus Infections: Infections with viruses of the genus FLAVIVIRUS, family FLAVIVIRIDAE.Flavivirus: A genus of FLAVIVIRIDAE containing several subgroups and many species. Most are arboviruses transmitted by mosquitoes or ticks. The type species is YELLOW FEVER VIRUS.Conjunctivitis, Viral: Inflammation, often mild, of the conjunctiva caused by a variety of viral agents. Conjunctival involvement may be part of a systemic infection.Exanthema: Diseases in which skin eruptions or rashes are a prominent manifestation. Classically, six such diseases were described with similar rashes; they were numbered in the order in which they were reported. Only the fourth (Duke's disease), fifth (ERYTHEMA INFECTIOSUM), and sixth (EXANTHEMA SUBITUM) numeric designations survive as occasional synonyms in current terminology.Arboviruses: Arthropod-borne viruses. A non-taxonomic designation for viruses that can replicate in both vertebrate hosts and arthropod vectors. Included are some members of the following families: ARENAVIRIDAE; BUNYAVIRIDAE; REOVIRIDAE; TOGAVIRIDAE; and FLAVIVIRIDAE. (From Dictionary of Microbiology and Molecular Biology, 2nd ed)Arbovirus Infections: Infections caused by arthropod-borne viruses, general or unspecified.Cellulose: A polysaccharide with glucose units linked as in CELLOBIOSE. It is the chief constituent of plant fibers, cotton being the purest natural form of the substance. As a raw material, it forms the basis for many derivatives used in chromatography, ion exchange materials, explosives manufacturing, and pharmaceutical preparations.Ether: A mobile, very volatile, highly flammable liquid used as an inhalation anesthetic and as a solvent for waxes, fats, oils, perfumes, alkaloids, and gums. It is mildly irritating to skin and mucous membranes.EthersEthyl EthersCellulose 1,4-beta-Cellobiosidase: An exocellulase with specificity for the hydrolysis of 1,4-beta-D-glucosidic linkages in CELLULOSE and cellotetraose. It catalyzes the hydrolysis of terminal non-reducing ends of beta-D-glucosides with release of CELLOBIOSE.Cellulose, Oxidized: A cellulose of varied carboxyl content retaining the fibrous structure. It is commonly used as a local hemostatic and as a matrix for normal blood coagulation.Cellulase: An endocellulase with specificity for the hydrolysis of 1,4-beta-glucosidic linkages in CELLULOSE, lichenin, and cereal beta-glucans.Albizzia: A plant genus of the family FABACEAE that contains julibroside (triterpenoid saponins).Influenza, Human: An acute viral infection in humans involving the respiratory tract. It is marked by inflammation of the NASAL MUCOSA; the PHARYNX; and conjunctiva, and by headache and severe, often generalized, myalgia.Anellovirus: A free-floating DNA virus genus, unattached to any family, comprising several species of hepatitis-related viruses.Influenza A Virus, H1N1 Subtype: A subtype of INFLUENZA A VIRUS with the surface proteins hemagglutinin 1 and neuraminidase 1. The H1N1 subtype was responsible for the Spanish flu pandemic of 1918.Influenza Vaccines: Vaccines used to prevent infection by viruses in the family ORTHOMYXOVIRIDAE. It includes both killed and attenuated vaccines. The composition of the vaccines is changed each year in response to antigenic shifts and changes in prevalence of influenza virus strains. The vaccine is usually bivalent or trivalent, containing one or two INFLUENZAVIRUS A strains and one INFLUENZAVIRUS B strain.Influenza A virus: The type species of the genus INFLUENZAVIRUS A that causes influenza and other diseases in humans and animals. Antigenic variation occurs frequently between strains, allowing classification into subtypes and variants. Transmission is usually by aerosol (human and most non-aquatic hosts) or waterborne (ducks). Infected birds shed the virus in their saliva, nasal secretions, and feces.Influenza A Virus, H3N2 Subtype: A subtype of INFLUENZA A VIRUS comprised of the surface proteins hemagglutinin 3 and neuraminidase 2. The H3N2 subtype was responsible for the Hong Kong flu pandemic of 1968.BaltimoreBulimia: Eating an excess amount of food in a short period of time, as seen in the disorder of BULIMIA NERVOSA. It is caused by an abnormal craving for food, or insatiable hunger also known as "ox hunger".Chills: The sudden sensation of being cold. It may be accompanied by SHIVERING.ChicagoCold Temperature: An absence of warmth or heat or a temperature notably below an accustomed norm.
  • 8 ], nonlinear regression by NN was used to predict each of the five leading principal components (PCs) of the tropical Pacific SST anomalies separately, and then the predicted PCs were combined with the corresponding eigenvectors (also called empirical orthogonal functions, EOFs) to yield the forecast of SST anomalies over the tropical Pacific. (hindawi.com)
  • In this paper we estimate such content horizons for a variety of economic variables, and compare these with the maximum horizons which we observe reported in a large sample of empirical economic forecasting studies. (repec.org)
  • This paper will propose a new empirical model for production forecasting in extremely low permeability oil and gas reservoirs based on logistic growth models. (onepetro.org)
  • The traditional empirical Arps' equation used to forecast reserves in conventional reservoirs, often gives over estimates of reserves when used in these extremely low permeability formations. (onepetro.org)
  • Combining empirical frequencies and forecast attributes produces better forecasts than solely using mid- or low-level UH, even if the UH is filtered using environmental parameter thresholds. (ametsoc.org)
  • While there have been a variety of empirical studies on point forecasts (i.e., the "best guess" or expected value of the spot price), probabilistic - i.e., interval and density - forecasts have not been investigated extensively to date. (wikipedia.org)
  • 5. The method of claim 1 , wherein modeling the components includes using a ratio model prediction directly to predict a ratio time series forecast. (google.ca)
  • The Monsoon Agreement, by striving to improve long-range monsoon prediction, holds great potential to improve the well-being of the people of India, while also benefitting the United States and other nations through improvements in their own seasonal climate forecasts," said NOAA administrator Jane Lubchenco. (thaindian.com)
  • Under the agreement, the US will create a monsoon forecast desk at the National Centres for Environmental Prediction, part of NOAA's National Weather Service in Camp Springs, Maryland. (thaindian.com)
  • In the domain of energy consumption forecasting several techniques are used by researchers which includes traditional methods such as regression, time series, statistical methods along with soft computing techniques such as Artificial Neural Networks (ANNs), Support Vector Machine (SVM), fuzzy logic, and Grey prediction. (springer.com)
  • We review the performance of the PollyVote, which combined forecasts from polls, prediction markets, experts' judgment, political economy models, and index models to predict the two-party popular vote in the 2012 US presidential election. (ssrn.com)
  • Forecasters incorporate knowledge of internal storm dynamics and environments conducive to tornadogenesis, a thorough understanding of current observations, and numerical weather prediction (NWP) guidance to forecast tornadoes. (ametsoc.org)
  • An example of a multiple disease/pest forecasting system is the EPIdemiology, PREdiction, and PREvention (EPIPRE) system developed in the Netherlands for winter wheat that focused on multiple pathogens. (wikipedia.org)
  • A forecast is a prediction of what will happen. (vocabulary.com)
  • Note that a forecast is typically a prediction made by experts. (vocabulary.com)
  • So, while a financial analyst might forecast fourth-quarter profits, your prediction about whether your friend will pay back the five dollars he owes you is more of a hunch than a forecast. (vocabulary.com)
  • Across all forecast times, prediction error of EONR was about three times higher than yield predictions. (frontiersin.org)
  • Load forecasting involves the accurate prediction of both the magnitudes and geographical locations over the different periods of the planning horizon. (wikipedia.org)
  • However, load forecasting is also concerned with the prediction of hourly, daily, weekly and monthly values of load and of the peak load. (wikipedia.org)
  • In addition, the metapopulation prediction system forecasts influenza outbreak onset, peak timing, and peak intensity more accurately than isolated location-specific forecasts. (pnas.org)
  • This report study is on Global and Southeast Asia Satellite Dish market in detail and presents comprehensive forecasts regarding the market's growth trajectory during the forecast period. (openpr.com)
  • Another developed region of the world and growth conveniences over the forecast period are offered in report. (marketwatch.com)
  • Moreover, the markets in Europe, Latin America and Middle East & Africa are expected to register moderate growth rate over the forecast period. (marketwatch.com)
  • In another forecast, the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development expects 5% GDP growth in the coming year.InvestorPlace - Stock Market News, Stock Advice & Trading Tips The point I am trying to make here is that the worst is possibly over for the global economy. (yahoo.com)
  • GlobalData projects the global acne vulgaris marketplace - which, for the purposes of this report, comprises seven major pharmaceutical markets (US, France, Germany, Italy, Spain, UK, and Japan) - to experience modest growth during the forecast period. (globaldata.com)
  • In addition, factors such as rapid urbanization across regions and the recyclability feature of kraft papers are projected to contribute to the growth of the kraft paper market during the forecast period. (marketsandmarkets.com)
  • This report focuses on the global Health and Wellness Food and Beverages status, future forecast, growth opportunity, key market and key players. (reportsnreports.com)
  • To analyze global Health and Wellness Food and Beverages status, future forecast, growth opportunity, key market and key players. (reportsnreports.com)
  • Total investment demand in 2019 is forecast to be 530koz, as strong growth in ETF holdings reverses the net reduction in 2018 and adds another year of strong bar and coin demand. (prnewswire.com)
  • Forecasting errors lead to unbalanced supply-demand, which adversely affects the operational cost, reliability and efficiency. (springer.com)
  • Military intelligence professionals should explore leveraging existing research on quantitative forecasting methods and develop systems that place a premium on forecasting changes in the operational environment over simply understanding the current situation as it is. (smallwarsjournal.com)
  • Here we develop and validate an operational forecast system that is capable of predicting the spatial transmission of influenza in the United States. (pnas.org)
  • We here develop an operational forecasting system that uses available commuter data to estimate human mobility and predict the spatial-temporal spread of influenza in the United States. (pnas.org)
  • To amend the Harmful Algal Bloom and Hypoxia Research and Control Act of 1998 to clarify that during a lapse in appropriations certain services relating to the Harmful Algal Bloom Operational Forecasting System are excepted services under the Anti-Deficiency Act, and for other purposes. (govtrack.us)
  • In recent decades, the intelligence community has suffered historic predictive failures, such as the failure to forecast the September 11th attacks and the erroneous assessment of weapons of mass destruction proliferation in Iraq during the run-up to the 2003 invasion. (smallwarsjournal.com)
  • The CFS is the backbone of seasonal climate forecasts in the United States and under the agreement, the United States will also provide the CFS to India and provide technical training to visiting scientists so they can implement it in India. (thaindian.com)
  • Recurrent outbreaks of seasonal and pandemic influenza create a need for forecasts of the geographic spread of this pathogen. (pnas.org)
  • The purpose of these experimental probabilistic snowfall products is to provide customers and partners a range of snowfall possibilities, in complement to existing NWS deterministic snowfall graphics, to better communicate forecast uncertainties during winter weather events. (weather.gov)
  • Gallo, B. T., A. J. Clark, B. T. Smith, R. L. Thompson, I. Jirak, and S. R. Dembek, 2018: Blended Probabilistic Tornado Forecasts: Combining Climatological Frequencies with NSSL-WRF Ensemble Forecasts. (ametsoc.org)
  • Comparison with prior methodologies shows that probabilistic environmental information improves CAM-based tornado forecasts. (ametsoc.org)
  • However, in the last eight years, academic research into quantitative methods of forecasting geopolitical events, as well as methods of training and assessing the skills of intelligence analysts, has established the need for intelligence agencies to employ probabilistic reasoning, cognitive debiasing training, and accuracy scoring to improve precision in intelligence forecasts. (smallwarsjournal.com)
  • While the Global Energy Forecasting Competition in 2012 was on point forecasting of electric load and wind power, the 2014 edition aimed at probabilistic forecasting of electric load, wind power, solar power and electricity prices. (wikipedia.org)
  • Test volume and sales forecasts for over 40 blood typing, grouping and infectious disease screening tests, including NAT. (bio-medicine.org)
  • Although it is well established that the spatial progression of infection is largely attributable to human mobility, difficulty obtaining real-time information on human movement has limited its incorporation into existing infectious disease forecasting techniques. (pnas.org)
  • Visiting atmospheric scientists from India's Ministry of Earth Sciences will collaborate with NOAA scientists to share knowledge and skills to improve the Climate Forecast System (CFS) for long-range forecasts of the monsoon. (thaindian.com)
  • determining the weight using reconciled forecasts for the denominator time series and reconciled forecasts for an aggregate denominator time series. (google.ca)
  • 9. The method of claim 1 , wherein modeling the components includes determining the ratio time series forecast based on a numerator time series forecast and a denominator time series forecast. (google.ca)
  • 10. The method of claim 9 , wherein reconciling the forecasted hierarchies includes determining reconciled ratio forecasts using reconciled forecasts for the numerator time series and reconciled forecasts for the denominator time series. (google.ca)
  • determining reconciled ratio forecasts using reconciled forecasts for the numerator time series appended to actual values and reconciled forecasts for the denominator time series appended to actual values. (google.ca)
  • Forecasting is achieved by indicating the probability of an oncoming seizure within one or more time frames, which is accomplished through an inner-loop control law and a feedback necessary to prevent or control the neurological event by either electrical, chemical, cognitive, sensory, and/or magnetic stimulation (300). (google.es)
  • We use the proposed technique, EMD-LLQ, to forecast two stock index time series. (hindawi.com)
  • This distinguishing feature makes the EMD a valuable and desirable tool for forecasting financial time series signals [ 4 ]. (hindawi.com)
  • The average of the results for the 15 cities demonstrates that beyond this time frame, the AccuWeather forecasts actually have "negative skill" - that is, climatology, on average, is more accurate than the deterministic AccuWeather forecasts. (washingtonpost.com)
  • At a lead time of 15 days (see below), however, climatology has a greater percentage of forecasts with errors of 0-5 o F and 6-10 o F, while Accuweather has a greater percentage (32%) of forecasts than climatology (22%) in the "bad" and "very bad" categories. (washingtonpost.com)
  • Once again it's time for me to demonstrate the foolhardy part of my nature by putting to electronic pen my forecast for 2006. (investorsinsight.com)
  • What's more, BCG's demand-planning approach and forecasting tools reduce the time employees spend inputting data and developing a consensus forecast, freeing them to focus on using the supply chain to increase productivity, improve speed, and boost innovation. (bcg.com)
  • You will learn a little more about forecasting from each one you read and will be able to read and interpret the discussions quicker over time. (theweatherprediction.com)
  • Finally, we apply the estimator in a simulated real-time forecasting exercise to test its merits. (degruyter.com)
  • Our price forecasts are based upon various publicly available information and data sources that are presumed to be generally and overally reliable but we do not and cannot guarantee their accuracy since errors can and do occur from time to time that may affect very few of the 10,000 stocks that we analyze and forecast. (scribd.com)
  • 11. How much time do you typically spend looking for a parking space in the selected study area as a driver or passenger of a car? (google.com)
  • In the past decades, different approaches for forecasting energy production, distribution and consumption had been implemented. (springer.com)
  • A generator, utility company or large industrial consumer who is able to forecast the volatile wholesale prices with a reasonable level of accuracy can adjust its bidding strategy and its own production or consumption schedule in order to reduce the risk or maximize the profits in day-ahead trading. (wikipedia.org)
  • Model-derived probabilities are verified using tornado segment data from just right-moving supercells and from all tornadoes, as are the SPC-issued 0600 UTC tornado probabilities from the initial day 1 forecast valid 1200-1159 UTC the following day. (ametsoc.org)
  • Sales executives can leverage bottom-up forecasting to evaluate the impact of specific planned activities-such as promotions and merchandising events-compared with the top-down targets established in their overall plans. (bcg.com)
  • In this work, we aim first to evaluate the interplay between anomaly detection techniques and forecasting model accuracy. (springer.com)
  • Two nonlinear regression methods, Bayesian neural network (BNN) and support vector regression (SVR), and linear regression (LR), were used to forecast the tropical Pacific sea surface temperature (SST) anomalies at lead times ranging from 3 to 15 months, using sea level pressure (SLP) and SST as predictors. (hindawi.com)
  • Code Blue is typically activated when the temperature, including wind chill, drops below 14 degrees. (chicagotribune.com)
  • The students then computed the absolute value of the difference between the forecasts and the observed high temperature, and averaged those "absolute errors" for each forecast day to arrive at mean absolute errors for the Day-1, Day-2, Day-3, … , Day-45 forecasts. (washingtonpost.com)
  • The distribution of errors (see below) for all three-day forecasts clearly shows the utility of short-range temperature forecasts over climatology, with 85% of all AccuWeather forecasts within 5 o F of the observed temperature, but just 2% with errors of 11 o F or greater. (washingtonpost.com)
  • Combining Forecasts with Nonparametric Kernel Regressions ," Studies in Nonlinear Dynamics & Econometrics , De Gruyter, vol. 8(4), pages 1-18, December. (repec.org)
  • DISCLAIMER: The stock price forecasts herein are for informational purposes only. (scribd.com)
  • At the corporate level, electricity load and price forecasts have become a fundamental input to energy companies' decision making mechanisms. (wikipedia.org)
  • Yet, since load and price forecasts are being used by many departments of an energy company, it is very hard to quantify the benefits of improving them. (wikipedia.org)
  • The results confirm prior research showing that combining is one of the most effective approaches to generating accurate forecasts. (ssrn.com)
  • Accuracy for these predictions is paramount, yet the military, as well as the intelligence community at large, currently relies largely on qualitative forecasting and reporting methods and rarely evaluates the accuracy of forecasts after the fact. (smallwarsjournal.com)
  • Across all forecasting times, the EONR predictions were more accurate in corn-corn than soybean-corn rotation (relative root mean square error, RRMSE, of 25 vs. 45%, respectively). (frontiersin.org)
  • We're able to track and adjust forecasts across multiple key identifiers such as product code, product family, customer, and national account manager," said Palew. (prweb.com)
  • To integrate RES in the power grid, forecasting photovoltaic (PV) yield is very important, as the output of PV systems is sensitive to weather conditions and to the varying strength of solar irradiance striking the PV surface throughout the day. (springer.com)