Two individuals derived from two FETUSES that were fertilized at or about the same time, developed in the UTERUS simultaneously, and born to the same mother. Twins are either monozygotic (TWINS, MONOZYGOTIC) or dizygotic (TWINS, DIZYGOTIC).
Disorders affecting TWINS, one or both, at any age.
Two off-spring from the same PREGNANCY. They are from a single fertilized OVUM that split into two EMBRYOS. Such twins are usually genetically identical and of the same sex.
Conjoined twins are a rare type of monozygotic twinning where genetically identical individuals form a single organism with varying degrees of physical connection and shared anatomy due to incomplete division during embryonic development.
Two offspring from the same PREGNANCY. They are from two OVA, fertilized at about the same time by two SPERMATOZOA. Such twins are genetically distinct and can be of different sexes.
Methods of detecting genetic etiology in human traits. The basic premise of twin studies is that monozygotic twins, being formed by the division of a single fertilized ovum, carry identical genes, while dizygotic twins, being formed by the fertilization of two ova by two different spermatozoa, are genetically no more similar than two siblings born after separate pregnancies. (Last, J.M., A Dictionary of Epidemiology, 2d ed)
The condition of carrying TWINS simultaneously.
The condition of carrying two or more FETUSES simultaneously.
Passage of blood from one fetus to another via an arteriovenous communication or other shunt, in a monozygotic twin pregnancy. It results in anemia in one twin and polycythemia in the other. (Lee et al., Wintrobe's Clinical Hematology, 9th ed, p737-8)
The status during which female mammals carry their developing young (EMBRYOS or FETUSES) in utero before birth, beginning from FERTILIZATION to BIRTH.
Three individuals derived from three FETUSES that were fertilized at or about the same time, developed in the UTERUS simultaneously, and born to the same mother.
Selective abortion of one or more embryos or fetuses in a multiple gestation pregnancy. The usual goal is to improve the outcome for the remaining embryos or fetuses.
The external elements and conditions which surround, influence, and affect the life and development of an organism or population.
The age of the conceptus, beginning from the time of FERTILIZATION. In clinical obstetrics, the gestational age is often estimated as the time from the last day of the last MENSTRUATION which is about 2 weeks before OVULATION and fertilization.
Death of the developing young in utero. BIRTH of a dead FETUS is STILLBIRTH.
The outermost extra-embryonic membrane surrounding the developing embryo. In REPTILES and BIRDS, it adheres to the shell and allows exchange of gases between the egg and its environment. In MAMMALS, the chorion evolves into the fetal contribution of the PLACENTA.
Results of conception and ensuing pregnancy, including LIVE BIRTH; STILLBIRTH; SPONTANEOUS ABORTION; INDUCED ABORTION. The outcome may follow natural or artificial insemination or any of the various ASSISTED REPRODUCTIVE TECHNIQUES, such as EMBRYO TRANSFER or FERTILIZATION IN VITRO.
An infant during the first month after birth.
The experimental study of the relationship between the genotype of an organism and its behavior. The scope includes the effects of genes on simple sensory processes to complex organization of the nervous system.
The visualization of tissues during pregnancy through recording of the echoes of ultrasonic waves directed into the body. The procedure may be applied with reference to the mother or the fetus and with reference to organs or the detection of maternal or fetal disease.
The mass or quantity of heaviness of an individual at BIRTH. It is expressed by units of pounds or kilograms.
The combined effects of genotypes and environmental factors together on phenotypic characteristics.
The division of a ZYGOTE into two parts, each of which is capable of further development.
The aggregate of social and cultural institutions, forms, patterns, and processes that influence the life of an individual or community.
The systems and processes involved in the establishment, support, management, and operation of registers, e.g., disease registers.
Endoscopic examination, therapy or surgery of the fetus and amniotic cavity through abdominal or uterine entry.
Four individuals derived from four FETUSES that were fertilized at or about the same time, developed in the UTERUS simultaneously, and born to the same mother.
A condition of abnormally high AMNIOTIC FLUID volume, such as greater than 2,000 ml in the LAST TRIMESTER and usually diagnosed by ultrasonographic criteria (AMNIOTIC FLUID INDEX). It is associated with maternal DIABETES MELLITUS; MULTIPLE PREGNANCY; CHROMOSOMAL DISORDERS; and congenital abnormalities.
I'm sorry for any confusion, but "Denmark" is not a medical term and does not have a medical definition. It is a country located in northern Europe. If you have any questions related to medicine or health, I would be happy to try to help answer them.
The study of the patterns of ridges of the skin of the fingers, palms, toes, and soles.
A latent susceptibility to disease at the genetic level, which may be activated under certain conditions.
Clinical and laboratory techniques used to enhance fertility in humans and animals.
The outward appearance of the individual. It is the product of interactions between genes, and between the GENOTYPE and the environment.
A 'Twin Study' is an epidemiological research design that compares monozygotic (identical) and dizygotic (fraternal) twins to estimate the heritability of traits, diseases, or behaviors by examining the concordance rates between them.
I'm sorry for any confusion, but "Sweden" is not a medical term and does not have a medical definition. It is a country located in Northern Europe. If you have any questions related to medical topics or definitions, I would be happy to try to help answer them!
The sequence in which children are born into the family.

Search for retroviral related DNA polymorphisms using RAPD PCR in schizophrenia. (1/1305)

Random amplification of polymorphic DNA (RAPD) is widely used to detect polymorphisms in many organisms. Individual (or strain) specific amplified bands are generated with single or pairs of primers in PCR reactions and can serve as genetic markers. We have used this method to generate a large number of reproducible bands with single primers, random and retroviral related, on 92 human DNA samples. Theoretically, RAPD PCR presents a logical approach for assessing variability among individuals. We used ten retroviral related primers (12, 20 and 22 bp) and eight random primers (10 bp) to assess individual differences in the context of testing the retroviral hypothesis for schizophrenia. Three pairs of discordant monozygotic twins, four pairs of discordant full sibs and 53 schizophrenic individuals with 25 of their unrelated matched controls were analyzed. Ten of these primers resulted in a total of approx. 850 amplified bands (65-110 bands per primer). Almost all of these bands were identical among each individual analyzed. However, the results are inconclusive with respect to the retroviral hypothesis for schizophrenia. The general lack of RAPD polymorphism in this study may argue for mechanisms other than rearrangements such as inversions, associated with the evolution of the human genome.  (+info)

Effects of twinning on gestation length, retained placenta, and dystocia. (2/1305)

Constraints to maximal productivity from twinning in beef cattle include increased incidence of dystocia and retained placenta, longer postpartum interval, and lower conception rate. Incidence and cause(s) of the shorter gestation length and of the increased retained placenta and dystocia associated with twinning were evaluated for 3,370 single and 1,014 twin births produced in a population of cattle selected for natural twin births. Gestation length was shorter for twin than for single pregnancies (275.6 vs. 281.3 d, P<.01) and likely contributed to the higher incidence of retained placenta associated with twin births (27.9 vs. 1.9%; P<.01). Incidence of retained placenta was also higher in the spring (March-April) than in the fall (August-September) calving season (18.3 vs. 11.4%; P<.01). The higher incidence of dystocia with twins than with singles (46.9 vs. 20.6%, P<.01) was primarily due to abnormal presentation (37.0 vs. 4.5%, respectively) of one or both twin calves at parturition. First- (40.5%) and second- (22.7%) parity dams with a single birth had more (P<.01) dystocia than older dams (13.4%), whereas dystocia was not affected (P>.10) by parity with twin births. Because of the shorter gestation length and the increased incidence of retained placenta and(or) dystocia, achievement of increased productivity with twinning in cattle necessitates intensive management of twin-producing dams and their calves during the calving season. Management of the increased dystocia can be facilitated by preparturient diagnosis of twin pregnancies, enabling timely administration of obstetrical assistance to facilitate delivery of twin calves and to increase their neonatal survival.  (+info)

Effects of twinning on postpartum reproductive performance in cattle selected for twin births. (3/1305)

The effects of twinning, dystocia, retained placenta, and body weight on postpartum reproduction were evaluated for 3,370 single and 1,014 twin births. Females were bred by AI for 40 d followed by 20 or 30 d of natural service with equal numbers bred and calved in spring and fall. Percentage of dams cyclic by the end of the AI period was lower (P<.05) for dams birthing and nursing a single calf (92.4%) than for dams birthing twins and nursing zero (98.7%) or two (94.7%) calves. Whereas the interval from parturition to first estrus was shorter (P<.01) for dams birthing and nursing a single (56.9 d) than for dams birthing twins and nursing one (68.5 d) or two (69.6 d) calves, length of the interval was further reduced by dystocia in nonlactating dams of either twins or singles (type of birth x dystocia, P<.05). Ensuing pregnancy rates were also affected by type of birth and dystocia. Without dystocia, dams birthing and nursing a single calf had a higher pregnancy rate (79.2%) than dams birthing twins and nursing one (61.7%) or two (66.3%) calves, whereas the lower ensuing pregnancy rates associated with dystocia in dams of singles (71.9%) resulted in similar rates among dams of singles and twins with dystocia (type of birth x dystocia; P<.01). Having a retained placenta resulted in a lower incidence of (93.5 vs. 96.4%, with vs. without; P<.05) and a longer interval to (64.7 vs. 59.2 d; P<.01) estrus while reducing subsequent pregnancy rates (X = 9.6%) in 3 of the 7 yr evaluated (retained placenta x year, P<.01). Because all parous females were bred during the same calendrical period, the shorter gestation length for twin calves (275.6 vs. 281.3 d) resulted in a longer interval from parturition to conception for twin births, whereas means for conception date differed by only 2 d between dams of twins and singles. Furthermore, a reduction (P<.01) in the interval to conception occurred with dystocia in dams of singles (89.3 vs. 85.0 d, without vs. with dystocia) and of twins nursed by zero (116.9 vs. 83.5 d), one (100.2 vs. 92.8 d), or two (96.1 vs. 97.2 d) calves. Another detriment to fertility was the higher incidence of fetal mortality or abortions associated with twin vs. single pregnancies (12.4 vs. 3.5%; P<.01). However, despite the lower conception rates for dams of twins, the increased prolificacy provides an opportunity to increase total beef production with a twinning technology.  (+info)

Individual growth patterns in the first trimester: evidence for difference in embryonic and fetal growth rates. (4/1305)

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate individual fetal growth during the first trimester in pregnancies resulting from spontaneous and in vitro fertilization (IVF). METHODS: The growth of 11 fetuses conceived by spontaneous fertilization (known dates of ovulation) in nine patients and 15 fetuses conceived by IVF in 12 patients were evaluated at weekly intervals from 6 weeks, menstrual age, to 14 weeks. Fetal length was determined at each examination. Measures of fetal length included the crown-rump length (CRL), maximum straight line length (MSLL) and maximum axial length (MAL). Comparisons of CRL and MSLL to MAL were carried out. The MSLL was used as the measure of length except when the MAL was available. Linear and quadratic functions were fitted to the complete data sets of individual fetuses in the two groups. Individual data sets from ten fetuses in each group were then divided into early and late growth phases, and linear functions were fitted to each data subset. Start points and pivotal points for each fetus were estimated from the coefficients of these two functions. Growth in these two groups of fetuses was compared, on the basis of slope values. RESULTS: Evaluation of length measures indicated that, before 8 weeks, only MSLL could be measured. After 8 weeks, all three measures could be obtained, with the MAL being the largest. Both the linear and quadratic models performed well with individual data sets (mean R2(+/- SD): linear 98.1 (1.0)%; quadratic 99.4 (0.4)%), with no differences found between spontaneous and IVF groups (maximum possible differences in mean slopes (95% probability): 5-8%). Similar findings were obtained for the early and late growth phase data subsets. Slope values in the early and late growth phases showed low variability (CV: early 13.5%; late 11.6%), but were significantly different (early 0.72 (+/- 0.10 SD) cm/week; late 1.21 (+/- 0.14 SD) cm/week). The mean start point was 5.9 (+/- 0.3 SD) weeks' menstrual age, while the mean pivotal point was 9.2 (+/- 0.7 SD) weeks, menstrual age. CONCLUSIONS: First-trimester growth studies in individual fetuses indicate that there is a change in length growth rate between 9 and 10 weeks, menstrual age. This is consistent with a shift in development from organogenesis to growth. These results can be used for more accurate assessment of first-trimester growth and may aid in the detection of fetal problems that manifest themselves as growth abnormalities.  (+info)

First-trimester cord entanglement in monoamniotic twins. (5/1305)

OBJECTIVE: Monoamniotic twinning occurs in only 1% of twin pregnancies, but carries a high perinatal mortality rate. Early and reliable diagnosis is essential if attempts are to be made to reduce the complication rate. We report color Doppler demonstration of cord entanglement in the first trimester, which is diagnostic of monoamnionicity. METHODS: Two patients with twin pregnancies were examined in the first trimester with pulsed and color Doppler insonation of their umbilical arteries. RESULTS: Cord entanglement was suspected and proved by demonstrating differing fetal heart rate patterns in the same direction on umbilical artery Doppler analysis of a common mass of cord vessels. Following appropriate counselling, medical amnioreduction was induced at 20 weeks of gestation to reduce fetal movements and worsening cord entanglement. Delivery was by elective Cesarean section at 32 weeks' gestation and monoamnionicity was confirmed. CONCLUSION: We report a new sign for the demonstration of monoamnionicity in twin pregnancies in the first trimester. This should improve the reliability of early diagnosis, but further studies are required to confirm that, if cord entanglement occurs, it is usually present by the end of the first trimester.  (+info)

The clinical efficacy of low-dose step-up follicle stimulating hormone administration for treatment of unexplained infertility. (6/1305)

The present study was designed to compare the clinical efficacy of low-dose step-up follicle stimulating hormone (FSH) administration with conventional FSH protocol (FSH was injected daily starting with a dose of 150 IU), both combined with intrauterine insemination (IUI), for the treatment of unexplained infertility. A total of 97 unexplained infertility couples was randomly assigned to one or other of the two treatment groups, either conventional FSH with IUI (48 patients) or low-dose step-up FSH with IUI (49 patients), and only the first treatment cycle was evaluated in each protocol. The difference in pregnancy rates per cycle was not statistically significant between the low-dose FSH group and the conventional group [seven of 49 (14.3%) and seven of 48 (14.6%) respectively]. A significant reduction in the incidence of ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome (OHSS) was observed in the low-dose group (8.3% versus 27.1%, P < 0.05). The incidence of moderate OHSS requiring hospitalization was reduced significantly in the low-dose group (low-dose 0% versus conventional 16.7%, P < 0.01). However, the low-dose protocol did not completely prevent multiple pregnancies. Our results suggest that the low-dose step-up FSH treatment appeared to be useful for the treatment of unexplained infertility because of the high pregnancy rates and the significant decrease in the incidence of OHSS.  (+info)

Uterine artery embolization--a successful treatment to control bleeding cervical pregnancy with a simultaneous intrauterine gestation. (7/1305)

A case of a woman suffering from a bleeding heterotopic cervical pregnancy is described. The concurrent cervical pregnancy and intrauterine gestation were diagnosed by ultrasound and bleeding was initially controlled with selective fluoroscopic uterine artery embolization. A selective fetal reduction was done with ultrasound-guided intracardiac potassium chloride. Uterine artery embolization has been used successfully to control haemorrhage in cervical pregnancies when the main goal was to allow preservation of the uterus, thus maintaining potential fertility. This is the first report of arterial embolization used to control bleeding for maintaining a concurrent intrauterine heterotopic pregnancy in an in-vitro fertilization patient. Unfortunately, subsequent conservative measures led to undesired outcome. This procedure initially controlled the bleeding without disrupting the intrauterine fetal cardiac activity.  (+info)

The estimation of the heritability of anthropometric measurements. (8/1305)

The relative contributions of genetic and environmental components in the variability of anthropometric measurements were studied in 54 twin pairs. Thirty pairs of monozygotic (MZ) and 24 pairs of dizygotic (DZ) twins were investigated to estimate the role of genetic, environmental and hereditary factors determining anthropometric measurements comprising body weight, standing height, sitting height, knee height, arm span, chest circumference and biiliac diameter. Within-pair variance for all the measurements were significantly smaller (p < 0.05-0.01) in MZ twins than in DZ twins of both-sex twin group. Within-pair correlations for those measurements were higher (p < 0.01) in both MZ and DZ twins. Correlation values were, apparently, higher more in MZ than in DZ twins. Besides, all the measurements are highly heritable components and heritability estimates ranged 40%-91%. When both MZ and DZ twin pairs of both-sex population were classified, based on age and sex, into different sub-groups interindividual variabilities were altered to a certain degrees. These data state that anthropometric measurements are influenced by genetic factors than environmental factors and besides, age and sex are possibly associated, to some extent, with the genetic influence upon anthropometric measurements.  (+info)

In the field of medicine, twins are defined as two offspring produced by the same pregnancy. They can be either monozygotic (identical) or dizygotic (fraternal). Monozygotic twins develop from a single fertilized egg that splits into two separate embryos, resulting in individuals who share identical genetic material. Dizygotic twins, on the other hand, result from the fertilization of two separate eggs by two different sperm cells, leading to siblings who share about 50% of their genetic material, similar to non-twin siblings.

'Diseases in Twins' is a field of study that focuses on the similarities and differences in the occurrence, development, and outcomes of diseases among twins. This research can provide valuable insights into the genetic and environmental factors that contribute to various medical conditions.

Twins can be classified into two types: monozygotic (identical) and dizygotic (fraternal). Monozygotic twins share 100% of their genes, while dizygotic twins share about 50%, similar to non-twin siblings. By comparing the concordance rates (the likelihood of both twins having the same disease) between monozygotic and dizygotic twins, researchers can estimate the heritability of a particular disease.

Studying diseases in twins also helps understand the role of environmental factors. When both twins develop the same disease, but they are discordant for certain risk factors (e.g., one twin smokes and the other does not), it suggests that the disease may have a stronger genetic component. On the other hand, when both twins share similar risk factors and develop the disease, it implies that environmental factors play a significant role.

Diseases in Twins research has contributed to our understanding of various medical conditions, including infectious diseases, cancer, mental health disorders, and developmental disorders. This knowledge can lead to better prevention strategies, early detection methods, and more targeted treatments for these diseases.

Monozygotic twins, also known as identical twins, are derived from a single fertilized egg (ovum) that splits and develops into two separate embryos. This results in the formation of genetically identical individuals who share the same genetic material, with the exception of potential mutations that may occur after the split. Monozygotic twins have the same sex, blood type, and other genetic traits. They are a unique pair of siblings, sharing an extraordinary degree of resemblance in physical characteristics, abilities, and behaviors.

Conjoined twins, also known as Siamese twins, are a rare type of monozygotic (identical) twins who are born physically connected to each other. They develop from a single fertilized egg that fails to fully separate, resulting in various degrees of fusion between their bodies. The point of connection and the extent of sharing body parts can vary greatly between sets of conjoined twins. Some may be connected at the chest, abdomen, or hips, while others may share vital organs such as the heart or brain. Treatment options depend on the type of conjunction and whether separation is possible without causing harm to either twin. Conjoined twins occur in about 1 in every 200,000 live births.

Dizygotic twins, also known as fraternal twins, are a result of two separate sperm fertilizing two separate eggs during conception. These twins share about 50% of their genes, similar to any non-twin siblings. They may be of the same sex or different sexes and can vary in appearance, personality, and interests. Dizygotic twins typically do not share a placenta or a sac in the womb, but they may share a chorion (outer fetal membrane).

"Twin studies" is a type of research design used in medical and scientific research, particularly in the field of genetics. This method involves comparing similarities and differences between monozygotic (identical) twins and dizygotic (fraternal) twins to estimate the heritability of certain traits or conditions.

Monozygotic twins share 100% of their genetic material, while dizygotic twins share only about 50%, similar to non-twin siblings. By comparing the concordance rates (the likelihood that both twins in a pair will have the same trait or condition) between monozygotic and dizygotic twins, researchers can estimate the proportion of variation in a trait that is due to genetic factors (heritability).

Twin studies can provide valuable insights into the genetic and environmental contributions to various traits and conditions, including physical characteristics, cognitive abilities, personality traits, and susceptibility to diseases. However, it's important to note that twin studies have limitations, such as the potential for environmental influences to be confounded with genetic factors, and the assumption that monozygotic twins share all of their genetic material, which is not always the case due to rare genetic events like mutations during development.

Twin pregnancy refers to a type of multiple pregnancy where a woman is carrying two fetuses simultaneously. There are two types of twin pregnancies: monozygotic (identical) and dizygotic (fraternal). Monoygotic twins occur when a single fertilized egg (zygote) splits and develops into two separate embryos, resulting in identical twins who share the same genetic material. Dizygotic twins, on the other hand, result from the fertilization of two separate eggs by two different sperm cells, leading to non-identical twins who have their own unique genetic material.

Twin pregnancies are associated with higher risks of complications compared to singleton pregnancies, including preterm labor, low birth weight, gestational diabetes, and preeclampsia. Close monitoring by healthcare providers is essential to ensure the best possible outcomes for both the mother and the twins.

Multiple pregnancy is a type of gestation where more than one fetus is carried simultaneously in the uterus. The most common forms of multiple pregnancies are twins (two fetuses), triplets (three fetuses), and quadruplets (four fetuses). Multiple pregnancies can occur when a single fertilized egg splits into two or more embryos (monozygotic) or when more than one egg is released and gets fertilized during ovulation (dizygotic). The risk of multiple pregnancies increases with the use of assisted reproductive technologies, such as in vitro fertilization. Multiple pregnancies are associated with higher risks for both the mother and the fetuses, including preterm labor, low birth weight, and other complications.

Fetofetal transfusion is a medical condition that can occur in pregnancies with multiple fetuses, such as twins or higher-order multiples. It refers to the transfer of blood from one fetus (donor) to another (recipient) through anastomotic connections in their shared placenta.

In some cases, these anastomoses can result in an imbalance in blood flow between the fetuses, leading to a net transfer of blood from one fetus to the other. This situation is more likely to occur when there is a significant weight or size difference between the fetuses, known as twin-to-twin transfusion syndrome (TTTS).

In TTTS, the recipient fetus receives an excess of blood, which can lead to high-output cardiac failure, hydrops, and potential intrauterine demise. Meanwhile, the donor fetus may become anemic, growth-restricted, and at risk for hypovolemia and intrauterine demise as well. Fetofetal transfusion can be diagnosed through ultrasound evaluation and managed with various interventions, including laser ablation of anastomotic vessels or fetoscopic surgery, depending on the severity and gestational age at diagnosis.

Pregnancy is a physiological state or condition where a fertilized egg (zygote) successfully implants and grows in the uterus of a woman, leading to the development of an embryo and finally a fetus. This process typically spans approximately 40 weeks, divided into three trimesters, and culminates in childbirth. Throughout this period, numerous hormonal and physical changes occur to support the growing offspring, including uterine enlargement, breast development, and various maternal adaptations to ensure the fetus's optimal growth and well-being.

In medical terms, triplets are a type of multiple pregnancy, where three offsprings (fetuses) develop simultaneously in the uterus of a single pregnant woman. This occurs when a woman releases more than one egg during ovulation, and all three eggs get fertilized by separate sperm cells. Triplets can also occur through the use of assisted reproductive technologies such as in vitro fertilization (IVF) where multiple embryos are transferred into the uterus.

Triplet pregnancies carry a higher risk of complications for both the mother and the offsprings compared to singleton or twin pregnancies, including preterm labor, low birth weight, and developmental issues. As such, they often require close monitoring and specialized care throughout the pregnancy.

Pregnancy reduction, multifetal refers to the medical procedure used to decrease the number of fetuses in a multiple pregnancy, such as twins or higher-order multiples (triplets, quadruplets, etc.). This is also known as selective reduction or selective termination. The goal of this procedure is to reduce the risk of complications associated with multifetal pregnancies, including preterm labor, low birth weight, and pregnancy loss.

The procedure typically involves an ultrasound-guided injection of a medication that stops the development of one or more fetuses. This is usually performed during the first trimester of pregnancy. The decision to undergo pregnancy reduction is often based on a variety of factors, including maternal age, medical history, and personal preferences. It's important to note that this procedure carries its own risks, such as infection, bleeding, and loss of the remaining fetuses, so it should be carefully considered and discussed with healthcare providers.

The term "environment" in a medical context generally refers to the external conditions and surroundings that can have an impact on living organisms, including humans. This includes both physical factors such as air quality, water supply, soil composition, temperature, and radiation, as well as biological factors such as the presence of microorganisms, plants, and animals.

In public health and epidemiology, the term "environmental exposure" is often used to describe the contact between an individual and a potentially harmful environmental agent, such as air pollution or contaminated water. These exposures can have significant impacts on human health, contributing to a range of diseases and disorders, including respiratory illnesses, cancer, neurological disorders, and reproductive problems.

Efforts to protect and improve the environment are therefore critical for promoting human health and preventing disease. This includes measures to reduce pollution, conserve natural resources, promote sustainable development, and mitigate the impacts of climate change.

Gestational age is the length of time that has passed since the first day of the last menstrual period (LMP) in pregnant women. It is the standard unit used to estimate the age of a pregnancy and is typically expressed in weeks. This measure is used because the exact date of conception is often not known, but the start of the last menstrual period is usually easier to recall.

It's important to note that since ovulation typically occurs around two weeks after the start of the LMP, gestational age is approximately two weeks longer than fetal age, which is the actual time elapsed since conception. Medical professionals use both gestational and fetal age to track the development and growth of the fetus during pregnancy.

Fetal death, also known as stillbirth or intrauterine fetal demise, is defined as the death of a fetus at 20 weeks of gestation or later. The criteria for defining fetal death may vary slightly by country and jurisdiction, but in general, it refers to the loss of a pregnancy after the point at which the fetus is considered viable outside the womb.

Fetal death can occur for a variety of reasons, including chromosomal abnormalities, placental problems, maternal health conditions, infections, and umbilical cord accidents. In some cases, the cause of fetal death may remain unknown.

The diagnosis of fetal death is typically made through ultrasound or other imaging tests, which can confirm the absence of a heartbeat or movement in the fetus. Once fetal death has been diagnosed, medical professionals will work with the parents to determine the best course of action for managing the pregnancy and delivering the fetus. This may involve waiting for labor to begin naturally, inducing labor, or performing a cesarean delivery.

Experiencing a fetal death can be a very difficult and emotional experience for parents, and it is important for them to receive supportive care from their healthcare providers, family members, and friends. Grief counseling and support groups may also be helpful in coping with the loss.

The chorion is the outermost fetal membrane that surrounds the developing conceptus (the embryo or fetus and its supporting structures). It forms early in pregnancy as an extraembryonic structure, meaning it arises from cells that will not become part of the actual body of the developing organism. The chorion plays a crucial role in pregnancy by contributing to the formation of the placenta, which provides nutrients and oxygen to the growing embryo/fetus and removes waste products.

One of the most important functions of the chorion is to produce human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG), a hormone that signals the presence of pregnancy and maintains the corpus luteum, a temporary endocrine structure in the ovary that produces progesterone during early pregnancy. Progesterone is essential for preparing the uterus for implantation and maintaining the pregnancy.

The chorion consists of two layers: an inner cytotrophoblast layer and an outer syncytiotrophoblast layer. The cytotrophoblast layer is made up of individual cells, while the syncytiotrophoblast layer is a multinucleated mass of fused cytotrophoblast cells. These layers interact with the maternal endometrium (the lining of the uterus) to form the placenta and facilitate exchange between the mother and the developing fetus.

In summary, the chorion is a vital extraembryonic structure in pregnancy that contributes to the formation of the placenta, produces hCG, and interacts with the maternal endometrium to support fetal development.

Pregnancy outcome refers to the final result or status of a pregnancy, including both the health of the mother and the newborn baby. It can be categorized into various types such as:

1. Live birth: The delivery of one or more babies who show signs of life after separation from their mother.
2. Stillbirth: The delivery of a baby who has died in the womb after 20 weeks of pregnancy.
3. Miscarriage: The spontaneous loss of a pregnancy before the 20th week.
4. Abortion: The intentional termination of a pregnancy before the fetus can survive outside the uterus.
5. Ectopic pregnancy: A pregnancy that develops outside the uterus, usually in the fallopian tube, which is not viable and requires medical attention.
6. Preterm birth: The delivery of a baby before 37 weeks of gestation, which can lead to various health issues for the newborn.
7. Full-term birth: The delivery of a baby between 37 and 42 weeks of gestation.
8. Post-term pregnancy: The delivery of a baby after 42 weeks of gestation, which may increase the risk of complications for both mother and baby.

The pregnancy outcome is influenced by various factors such as maternal age, health status, lifestyle habits, genetic factors, and access to quality prenatal care.

A newborn infant is a baby who is within the first 28 days of life. This period is also referred to as the neonatal period. Newborns require specialized care and attention due to their immature bodily systems and increased vulnerability to various health issues. They are closely monitored for signs of well-being, growth, and development during this critical time.

Behavioral genetics is a subfield of genetics that focuses on the study of the genetic basis of behavior. It seeks to understand how genes and environment interact to influence individual differences in behaviors such as personality traits, cognitive abilities, psychiatric disorders, and addiction. This field integrates knowledge from genetics, psychology, neuroscience, and statistics to investigate the complex relationship between genetic factors and behavioral outcomes. Research in behavioral genetics includes studies of twins, families, and adopted individuals, as well as animal models, to identify specific genes or genetic variations that contribute to the heritability of various behaviors. Understanding these genetic influences can provide insights into the prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of behavioral disorders.

Prenatal ultrasonography, also known as obstetric ultrasound, is a medical diagnostic procedure that uses high-frequency sound waves to create images of the developing fetus, placenta, and amniotic fluid inside the uterus. It is a non-invasive and painless test that is widely used during pregnancy to monitor the growth and development of the fetus, detect any potential abnormalities or complications, and determine the due date.

During the procedure, a transducer (a small handheld device) is placed on the mother's abdomen and moved around to capture images from different angles. The sound waves travel through the mother's body and bounce back off the fetus, producing echoes that are then converted into electrical signals and displayed as images on a screen.

Prenatal ultrasonography can be performed at various stages of pregnancy, including early pregnancy to confirm the pregnancy and detect the number of fetuses, mid-pregnancy to assess the growth and development of the fetus, and late pregnancy to evaluate the position of the fetus and determine if it is head down or breech. It can also be used to guide invasive procedures such as amniocentesis or chorionic villus sampling.

Overall, prenatal ultrasonography is a valuable tool in modern obstetrics that helps ensure the health and well-being of both the mother and the developing fetus.

Birth weight refers to the first weight of a newborn infant, usually taken immediately after birth. It is a critical vital sign that indicates the baby's health status and is used as a predictor for various short-term and long-term health outcomes.

Typically, a full-term newborn's weight ranges from 5.5 to 8.8 pounds (2.5 to 4 kg), although normal birth weights can vary significantly based on factors such as gestational age, genetics, maternal health, and nutrition. Low birth weight is defined as less than 5.5 pounds (2.5 kg), while high birth weight is greater than 8.8 pounds (4 kg).

Low birth weight babies are at a higher risk for various medical complications, including respiratory distress syndrome, jaundice, infections, and developmental delays. High birth weight babies may face challenges with delivery, increased risk of obesity, and potential metabolic issues later in life. Regular prenatal care is essential to monitor fetal growth and ensure a healthy pregnancy and optimal birth weight for the baby.

Gene-Environment Interaction (GEI) is a concept in genetics that refers to the way in which genetic variations and environmental factors interact to influence traits or disease susceptibility. It describes a situation where the effect of an environmental exposure on a particular trait or disease outcome is dependent on the genetic makeup of the individual, and vice versa.

In other words, GEI suggests that the impact of environmental factors on health outcomes may be different depending on a person's genetic background, and similarly, the influence of certain genes on health outcomes may depend on the presence or absence of specific environmental exposures. This interaction can help explain why some individuals are more susceptible to certain diseases or traits than others, even when exposed to similar environments.

GEI is an important concept in precision medicine, as understanding these interactions can help identify individuals who are at higher risk for certain diseases and develop targeted prevention and treatment strategies based on their genetic and environmental profiles.

Monozygotic twinning, also known as identical twinning, is a type of twin pregnancy that occurs when a single fertilized egg (ovum) splits into two embryos during the early stages of development. This results in the formation of two genetically identical individuals who share the same set of DNA and are therefore considered to be genetic clones of each other.

Monozygotic twinning is thought to occur in about 1 in every 250 pregnancies, making it less common than dizygotic (fraternal) twinning, which occurs when two separate eggs are fertilized by two different sperm. In monozygotic twinning, the timing of the split determines the type of placenta and amniotic sac each twin will have.

If the split occurs within the first few days after fertilization, the twins will typically develop in separate amniotic sacs and have their own individual placentas. If the split occurs later, the twins may share an amniotic sac (monoamniotic) or a placenta (monochorionic), or both (monochorionic-monoamniotic).

Monozygotic twinning is associated with some increased risks for pregnancy complications, such as preterm labor and delivery, low birth weight, and twin-to-twin transfusion syndrome, a rare condition in which blood flows unevenly between the twins through shared placental blood vessels. However, most monozygotic twins are born healthy and develop normally.

A "social environment" is not a term that has a specific medical definition, but it is often used in the context of public health and social sciences to refer to the physical and social conditions, relationships, and organized institutions that influence the health and well-being of individuals and communities.

The social environment includes factors such as:

* Social support networks (family, friends, community)
* Cultural norms and values
* Socioeconomic status (income, education, occupation)
* Housing and neighborhood conditions
* Access to resources (food, healthcare, transportation)
* Exposure to discrimination, violence, and other stressors

These factors can have a significant impact on health outcomes, as they can influence behaviors related to health (such as diet, exercise, and substance use), as well as exposure to disease and access to healthcare. Understanding the social environment is essential for developing effective public health interventions and policies that promote health equity and reduce health disparities.

A registry in the context of medicine is a collection or database of standardized information about individuals who share a certain condition or attribute, such as a disease, treatment, exposure, or demographic group. These registries are used for various purposes, including:

* Monitoring and tracking the natural history of diseases and conditions
* Evaluating the safety and effectiveness of medical treatments and interventions
* Conducting research and generating hypotheses for further study
* Providing information to patients, clinicians, and researchers
* Informing public health policy and decision-making

Registries can be established for a wide range of purposes, including disease-specific registries (such as cancer or diabetes registries), procedure-specific registries (such as joint replacement or cardiac surgery registries), and population-based registries (such as birth defects or cancer registries). Data collected in registries may include demographic information, clinical data, laboratory results, treatment details, and outcomes.

Registries can be maintained by a variety of organizations, including hospitals, clinics, academic medical centers, professional societies, government agencies, and industry. Participation in registries is often voluntary, although some registries may require informed consent from participants. Data collected in registries are typically de-identified to protect the privacy of individuals.

Fetoscopy is a minimally invasive surgical procedure that allows direct visualization of the fetus and the intrauterine environment through the use of a fiber-optic scope. It is typically performed during the second trimester of pregnancy to diagnose or treat various fetal conditions, such as twin-to-twin transfusion syndrome, congenital diaphragmatic hernia, or spina bifida. The procedure involves inserting a thin tube called a fetoscope through the mother's abdomen and uterus to access the fetus. Fetoscopy can also be used for taking fetal tissue samples for genetic testing.

It is important to note that while fetoscopy can provide valuable information and treatment options, it does carry some risks, including preterm labor, premature rupture of membranes, infection, and bleeding. Therefore, the decision to undergo fetoscopy should be made carefully, in consultation with a medical professional, and based on a thorough evaluation of the potential benefits and risks.

Quadruplets are defined in medicine as a type of multiple birth where four offspring are produced from the same pregnancy. This occurs when a single fertilized egg divides into four embryos, or more rarely, when four separate eggs are each fertilized by different sperm. Quadruplets face higher risks of preterm birth and other complications compared to singleton pregnancies.

Polyhydramnios is a medical condition characterized by an excessive accumulation of amniotic fluid in the sac surrounding the fetus during pregnancy, typically defined as an amniotic fluid index (AFI) greater than 24 cm or a single deepest pocket (SDP) measurement of more than 8 cm. It occurs in approximately 1-2% of pregnancies and can be associated with various maternal, fetal, and genetic conditions. If left untreated, polyhydramnios may increase the risk of premature labor, premature rupture of membranes, and other pregnancy complications. Proper diagnosis and management are essential to ensure a healthy pregnancy outcome.

I'm not sure I understand your question. "Denmark" is a country located in Northern Europe, and it is not a medical term or concept. It is the southernmost of the Nordic countries, and it consists of the Jutland peninsula and several islands in the Baltic Sea. The capital city of Denmark is Copenhagen.

If you are looking for information about a medical condition that may be associated with Denmark, could you please provide more context or clarify your question? I would be happy to help you with more specific information if I can.

Dermatoglyphics is the study of the fingerprints, palm prints, and other skin ridge patterns found on the hands and feet. These patterns are formed during fetal development and are generally considered to be unique to each individual. Dermatoglyphics can provide important clues about a person's genetic makeup and health status, and they are often used in forensic investigations to help identify individuals. In medicine, dermatoglyphics may be used to help diagnose certain genetic disorders or birth defects.

Genetic predisposition to disease refers to an increased susceptibility or vulnerability to develop a particular illness or condition due to inheriting specific genetic variations or mutations from one's parents. These genetic factors can make it more likely for an individual to develop a certain disease, but it does not guarantee that the person will definitely get the disease. Environmental factors, lifestyle choices, and interactions between genes also play crucial roles in determining if a genetically predisposed person will actually develop the disease. It is essential to understand that having a genetic predisposition only implies a higher risk, not an inevitable outcome.

Assisted reproductive techniques (ART) are medical procedures that involve the handling of human sperm and ova to establish a pregnancy. These techniques are used when other methods of achieving pregnancy have failed or are not available. Examples of ART include in vitro fertilization (IVF), intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI), gamete intrafallopian transfer (GIFT), and zygote intrafallopian transfer (ZIFT). These procedures may be used to treat infertility, prevent genetic disorders, or to help same-sex couples or single people have children. It is important to note that the use of ART can involve significant physical, emotional, and financial costs, and it may not always result in a successful pregnancy.

A phenotype is the physical or biochemical expression of an organism's genes, or the observable traits and characteristics resulting from the interaction of its genetic constitution (genotype) with environmental factors. These characteristics can include appearance, development, behavior, and resistance to disease, among others. Phenotypes can vary widely, even among individuals with identical genotypes, due to differences in environmental influences, gene expression, and genetic interactions.

A twin study is a type of epidemiological study that compares the concordance (similarity) of traits or diseases between monozygotic (identical) and dizygotic (fraternal) twins. The rationale behind this design is that monozygotic twins share 100% of their genetic material, while dizygotic twins share, on average, 50% of their segregating genes - similar to non-twin siblings. By comparing the concordance rates between monozygotic and dizygotic twins, researchers can estimate the heritability (genetic contribution) of a trait or disease.

Twin studies are often used in behavioral genetics, neuroscience, and epidemiology to disentangle genetic and environmental influences on various traits and diseases. However, it is important to note that twin studies have limitations, such as the assumption that environmental factors are equally shared between both types of twins, which may not always be the case.

I'm sorry for any confusion, but "Sweden" is not a medical term. It is a country located in northern Europe. If you have any questions about medical terminology or concepts, I would be happy to help answer those!

Birth order is a term that refers to the sequence in which a person is born in their family, specifically in relation to their siblings. It is used in psychology and sociology to describe the various personality traits, behaviors, and developmental milestones that have been associated with being the firstborn, middle child, youngest child, or an only child.

For example, some studies suggest that firstborn children tend to be more responsible, achievement-oriented, and socially dominant than their younger siblings, while later-born children may be more easygoing, adventurous, and rebellious. However, it's important to note that these patterns are not universal and can be influenced by a variety of factors, including family size, spacing between siblings, gender, parenting style, and individual temperament.

Overall, birth order is just one factor among many that contribute to a person's development and identity, and should not be used as a definitive predictor of their traits or behaviors.

Rusch, Bob (1999). "Bob Ostertag: Twins!". Cadence. David Haney: 83. Retrieved August 7, 2020. Twins! (booklet). Otomo ... Twins! is the a collaborative studio album by Bob Ostertag and Otomo Yoshihide, released in 1996 by Sank-Ohso Discs and ... 1996.{{cite AV media notes}}: CS1 maint: others in cite AV media (notes) (link) Twins! at Discogs (list of releases) (CS1 maint ... All tracks are written by Bob Ostertag and Otomo Yoshihide Adapted from the Twins! liner notes. Musicians Bob Ostertag - ...
... , official site TWINS Archived 12 October 2020 at the Wayback Machine, SwRI version LAD, LAD/TWINS instrument (Source ... of TWINS 1 and TWINS 2 means that in addition to stereo ENA imaging for several hours twice per day, the two TWINS instruments ... TWINS was designed to provide stereo images of the Earth's ring current. The first instrument, TWINS-1, was launched aboard USA ... TWINS, sensor package on InSight Mars lander) "Five Years of Stereo Imaging for NASA's TWINS". NASA. 24 June 2013. Retrieved 3 ...
American identical twins, Identical twin males, Twin musical duos, 20th-century American male singers, 20th-century American ... The Hager Twins, also known as the Hager Brothers and The Hagers, were a duo of American country music singers and comedians ... They were identical twin brothers James Henry Hager (August 30, 1941 - May 1, 2008) and John William Hager (August 30, 1941 - ... cite web}}: Missing or empty ,title= (help) "The Hager Twins and Other Country Music Stars Are Available Thru Barber & ...
They are identical twins. They work with the Brazilian singer MC Loma. "Mirella, uma das Gêmeas Lacração, se casa com surfista ... Mariely Santos da Silva and Mirella Santos da Silva (born 15 August 1999), known as Lacração Twins (As Gêmeas Lacração in ...
The Earth 18 version of Trigger Twins appears in The Multiversity Guidebook #1. The Trigger Twins are Justice Riders' members. ... The Twins appeared in All-Star Squadron during the Crisis on Infinite Earths, at which point it is revealed they reside on ... The Trigger Twins first appear in All-Star Western #58 (May 1951), the first issue of that title under its new name (previously ... The Trigger Twins are the names of two sets of fictional Western themed comic book characters published by DC Comics. ...
The discography of Twins, a Hong Kong Cantopop duo that formed in 2001, consists of fifteen studio albums, three extended plays ... Articles lacking sources from June 2019, All articles lacking sources, Twins (group) albums, Discographies of Hong Kong artists ...
"Cocteau Twins". Billboard. Archived from the original on 17 November 2021. Retrieved 13 April 2020. "Cocteau Twins, UK charts, ... Prince, Bill (11 September 1982). "New 2 U: Cocteau Twins". Sounds. Don Watson, Don (6 November 1982). The Cocteau Twins: Fun ... ISBN 1-85227-745-9. Peel Sessions: Cocteau Twins 21/06/1982 Archived 20 January 2022 at the Wayback Machine BBC "Cocteau Twins ... Cocteau Twins' early recordings were classified in the gothic rock and post-punk genres. The band's influences at the time they ...
Conjoined twins Parasitic twin Twin A. B. Todorov; K. L. Cohen; V. Spilotro; E. Landau (1974). "Craniopagus twins" (PDF). ... The majority of twins face either the same way or the exact opposite direction. Conjoined twins, including craniopagus twins, ... twins fuse at the vertex with the axis of the twins forming an obtuse angle; this leads to a situation where the twins share ... Craniopagus twins are conjoined twins that are fused at the cranium. The union may occur on any portion of the cranium, but ...
Shari Waxman (May 30, 2003). "The twins thing". Gayle Fee & Laura Raposa, "Coors twins double Worcester's fame." ... Identical twin actresses, American identical twin actors, People from Leicester, Massachusetts, 1971 births, Living people). ... The twins then signed with the World Wrestling Federation later that year, although the role that they were to play was not ... The twins made their first television appearance as teen dancers on Star Search in 1987 followed by appearances as models on ...
... Ice Cream was an American organic ice cream company based in California, established in 2005. Three Twins owned and ... Three Twins opened a factory in Petaluma, California in 2010. In mid-2019 it moved all manufacturing operations to the former ... Three Twins' flavors rotated between core offerings such as Mint Confetti (mint ice cream with flecks of dark chocolate) and ... Three Twins was established in 2005 in Terra Linda, San Rafael, California. It was started by Cornell University graduate Neal ...
Karyne and Sarah Steben, also known as the Steben Twins, are Canadian twin trapeze artists. The pair were the first female ... The twins performed a total of 16 years as a featured act for Cirque du Soleil (O and Saltimbanco). They played the Tiger ... Following the tour, the twins played the prestigious Tigerpalast cabaret in Frankfurt, Germany; won a Gold Ring Award at the ... STAFF, SEATTLE POST-INTELLIGENCER (28 January 2004). "'Carnivàle's' conjoined twins join Teatro Zinzanni". "Bill ...
Twins is a young adult novel written by Marcy Dermansky. It was originally published on October 17th, 2006, by William Morrow ... "Twins". Web. 21 Jan. 2012. v t e (Articles lacking reliable references from August 2016, All articles lacking reliable ... The events described begin on the eve of the twins' thirteenth birthday, when they agree to get matching tattoos to prove their ... It is written in the first person, but the narration alternates between two twin sisters, Sue and Chloe. ...
Look up Irish twins in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. Irish Twins is a 2008 film which was written and directed by brothers ... Irish Twins at IMDb v t e (Articles with short description, Short description is different from Wikidata, IMDb ID same as ...
The Charlotte Twins were a minor league baseball team based in Charlotte, North Carolina. In 1972, the Charlotte Twins were a ... The new Twins franchise was part of an unusual arrangement that saw the Minnesota Twins operate two affiliate teams ... In their only season of play, the Twins placed 5th in the 1972 Western Carolinas League standings. The Twins ended the regular ... In September 1972, the Minnesota Twins announced that both the Twins and the Hornets would not play in Charlotte in 1973. After ...
The twins' attorneys have raised claims that the twins are not guilty of the charges as responding officers from the first ... "About Stokes Twins". YouTube. Whateley, Dan (9 June 2019). "A 'twinfluencer' with millions of followers says he's leaning into ... "Stokes Twins: YouTubers plead guilty over fake bank robbery". BBC News. BBC. 1 April 2021. Retrieved 1 April 2021. "YouTube ... On April 1, 2021, the twins pleaded guilty in a plea bargain, and were sentenced to 160 hours community service and a year of ...
"Twins Uniforms and Logos , History". Minnesota Twins. MLB. June 19, 2012. Retrieved August 14, 2012. "Twins ... "Twins Uniforms and Logos". Minnesota Twins. MLB. Retrieved September 9, 2020. "Twins 2019 Home Alternate Jerseys". Minnesota ... "Twins New 2020 Alternate Uniforms". Minnesota Twins. MLB. Retrieved September 9, 2020. "Minnesota Twins Minor League Affiliates ... "Twin Cities Twins", but MLB objected and Griffith therefore named the team the Minnesota Twins. The team was allowed to keep ...
... at IMDb Monkey Twins at Rotten Tomatoes (Articles with short description, Short description is different from ... Monkey Twins' - Netflix Original TV Review". Ready Steady Cut. Retrieved August 16, 2019. "Monkey Twins Review 2018 TV-Show ... Monkey Twins (Thai: วายุเทพยุทธ์) is a 2018 Thai-language television series created by Nontakorn Taweesuk and starring Phakhin ... "Series Review: Monkey Twins". Pocket Thai. Retrieved August 16, 2019. Moore, Kasey (2022-09-22). "Every Netflix Original Show ...
The Texarkana Twins were a South Central League (1912), East Texas League (1924-1926), Lone Star League (1927-1929) and Cotton ...
... approachable twin compliments the ideology and behavior of the twins' book-ish ally Henry Green, which led to a concerted ... Despite this, the twins have different ideas on how to defeat the Templars: Jacob opts to take the fight directly to Starrick ... Amos described the twins as being from an educated class among the Brotherhood of Assassins, and they are a powerful force when ... The twins later make a full-fledged crossover appearance in the Watch Dogs universe as part of a major 2021 update that ...
Official website Developer website Publisher's page for Chronos Twins Chronos Twins at MobyGames Chronos Twins DX at MobyGames ... Chronos Twins, known in the PAL region as Chronos Twin, is an action-adventure game developed by Spanish studio EnjoyUP Games, ... "Chronos Twins review (DSi)". Official Nintendo Magazine. Future plc. July 2010. p. 95. "Chronos Twins DX". Official Nintendo ... "Chronos Twins DX". NGamer. Future plc. April 2010. Dillard, Corbie (2010-01-21). "Chronos Twins Review". Nintendo Life. ...
... is a music duo from Ilorin, Nigeria. Twins Affair, made up of twin brothers born as Taye Damilola Olusola and ... LKT Asa remix ft Lkt by Twins affair Twins Gist Online Magazine News, Entertainment and Fashion Twins Gist Online Magazine News ... As trained journalists, the Twins Affair floats an online Entertainment news website TWINS GIST ONLINE MAGAZINE. The duo of ... Twins Affair - O Bad Gan ft Yung6ix, Damage o bad gan ft yung6ix and damage (Malware Link) Twins Affair role out 'O Bad Gan' ...
... are a British pop music group made up of twin sisters Anna and Sonia Kuprienko. They refer to the style of their ... When Bloom Twins uploaded their first track to YouTube - "Fahrenheit" - in June 2013 they were 17 years old. Bloom Twins made a ... Bloom Twins (27 October 2017). "Set Us Free (Remix by DJ KID AK)". Retrieved 21 February 2018. Bloom Twins (24 May ... "Talking With Bloom Twins". 17 March 2014. Archived from the original on 23 May 2014. Retrieved 12 July 2014. "Twins back in ...
The Wonder Twins appear in the Adult Swim web series The New Adventures of the Wonder Twins. This version of the pair are well- ... The Wonder Twins appear in The Lego Batman Movie. The Wonder Twins make a cameo appearance in Teen Titans Go! To the Movies. In ... Additionally, the twins go on to join Jay Garrick's Teen Titans. The Wonder Twins appear in the Teen Titans Go! episode "You're ... The Wonder Twins (Zan and Jayna) are a fictional extraterrestrial twin brother and sister superhero duo who first appeared in ...
The Sagal Twins are the American actresses: Jean Sagal Liz Sagal This disambiguation page lists articles associated with the ... title Sagal Twins. If an internal link led you here, you may wish to change the link to point directly to the intended article ...
... is an American rock band fronted by Weezer guitarist Brian Bell. Space Twins was founded in 1993 by Weezer ... "Space Twins Dot Com , Info , Bios". 2003-12-11. Archived from the original on 2003-12-11. Retrieved 2018-11-11. "Space Twins ... "Space Twins Dot Com , Tour Diary". 2003-12-07. Archived from the original on 2003-12-07. Retrieved 2018-11-11. (Articles with ... Bell also brought Mike Elliot into the fold, and, thus, a new Space Twins line-up was solidified. The quartet developed a ...
... and The Sunlandic Twins (2005). The album was released as a double LP and digital download. "Satanic Twins" is a portmanteau of ... Satanic Twins is a remix album by the band of Montreal. The album contains twelve remixes (six each) from their two previous ... 25 The Sunlandic Twins Remixes LP "Forecast Fascist Future (IQU remix)" - 4:56 "The Party's Crashing Us (I Am The World Trade ...
... - popularly referred to as Siamese twins - are twins joined in utero. It is a very rare phenomenon, estimated ... The 1999 movie Twin Falls Idaho portrays conjoined twin brothers who are played by two non-conjoined identical twin brothers, ... Parasitic twins (10%): Twins that are asymmetrically conjoined, resulting in one twin that is small, less formed, and dependent ... find similar stem cells on the other twin and fuse the twins together. Conjoined twins share a single common chorion, placenta ...
100 anni di gemelle Nete e 150 anni di Unità d'Italia a Trinità Twins Nete in Un bacio a mezzanotte on Youtube Twins Nete in ... Twins Nete (in Italian Le Gemelle Nete) was an Italian musical group founded by the sisters Neta and Kina Costamagna in 1940. ... Twin musical duos, Italian pop music groups, Female musical duos, 1911 births, 1990 deaths, 2002 deaths). ...
Lane Twins Carlson twins List of twins SARA TEMPLETON. "Keith & Derek Brewer" (Article). Retrieved 26 April ... Derek and Keith Brewer, known as the Brewer Twins, are male models. The twins were born on September 21, 1973, at Torrance ... During their modeling career, the twins worked for clients such as GAP, Guess?, Yves Saint Laurent, Lipton, DEKA invest, Boss, ... "Brewer Twins: Frequently Asked Questions". Retrieved 26 April 2012. "Lifestyle: Education". ...
... is an album by Hong Kong duo Twins. It is their third mandarin album. It was released in January 2008. It is ...
A digital twin also enables scenario planning, so that a company can make decisions on the basis of business needs (for example ... Conquering Complexity in Supply Chains with Digital Twins. January 23, 2020 By Rainer Schuster, Gaurav Nath, and Llorenç ... Short-Term Planning and Execution. Because a digital twin can identify execution risks early, a company can mitigate risks ... A digital twin is a virtual supply chain replica that represents hundreds of assets, warehouses, logistics and material flows, ...
Rusch, Bob (1999). "Bob Ostertag: Twins!". Cadence. David Haney: 83. Retrieved August 7, 2020. Twins! (booklet). Otomo ... Twins! is the a collaborative studio album by Bob Ostertag and Otomo Yoshihide, released in 1996 by Sank-Ohso Discs and ... 1996.{{cite AV media notes}}: CS1 maint: others in cite AV media (notes) (link) Twins! at Discogs (list of releases) (CS1 maint ... All tracks are written by Bob Ostertag and Otomo Yoshihide Adapted from the Twins! liner notes. Musicians Bob Ostertag - ...
GIS enables successful Digital Twins, virtual representations of the real world that include objects, processes, relationships ... GIS enables successful Digital Twins, virtual representations of the real world that include objects, processes, relationships ... ArcGIS: A Foundation for Digital Twins. Digital Twins are virtual representations of the real world that incorporate physical ... What kinds of problems can a digital twin help solve?. The three main problems that digital twins address include:. *Historical ...
Buy and sell your Derby Twins tickets today. Tickets are 100% guaranteed by FanProtect. ... Derby Twins tickets are on sale now at StubHub. ...
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The Twins defeated the Boston Red Sox 6-5 Tuesday night at Fenway Park in the first game of their series. ... Twins Tension and pressure mount as Twins are swept in Baltimore by walk-off home run 33 minutes ago ... Twins Tension and pressure mount as Twins are swept in Baltimore by walk-off home run 33 minutes ago ... Twins Tension and pressure mount as Twins are swept in Baltimore by walk-off home run 33 minutes ago ...
New study finds older twins drift apart in looks, behavior and susceptibility to disease. ... The idea that twins grow apart is not new.. In 2001, scientists documented that identical twins with different diets had ... One twin might get cancer while the the other is not susceptible, for example. Many identical twins clearly behave differently ... If identical twins married identical twins, how genetically similar would their children be? ...
He announced the twins gender at the charity weekend this year.. "Hes very passionate about kids," said Gena VanOsselaer, the ... Hospital spokesman Richard Elbaum said he could not comment on the status of the Quaid twins, citing a federal patient privacy ... Possible medical mix-up for twins. By Charles Ornstein and Anna Gorman ... The California Department of Public Health said Tuesday it was investigating an incident involving newborn twins at Cedars- ...
"Twin-to-Twin Transfusion Syndrome". EMedicine. Retrieved July 22, 2006.. *^ a b "Twin-Twin Transfusion Syndrome". NORD ( ... Twin-to-twin transfusion syndrome (TTTS), also known as feto-fetal transfusion syndrome (FFTS), twin oligohydramnios- ... Twin-to-twin transfusion syndrome (TTTS) illustration. The donor twin (D) is confined within the amniotic sac, whereas the ... a b c Roberts D, Neilson JP, Kilby M, Gates S. (2014) Interventions for the treatment of twin-twin transfusion syndrome. ...
As both a mother of twins and a UK alum, I am appalled by this cake. There does seem to be a lot of fellow wildcats leaving ... Oh- and becca.elpy--I SO LOVE your gumbys long lost headless blue twin brothers idea! Do you work for the CSI folks? LOL!. ... that looks like a 6-toed demon cat getting attacked by gumbys long lost headless blue twin brothers.. UK fans, i feel sorry ... I kind of thought they were conjoined happy, one sad. You know, like those drama masks. In beary bad CCC forb. ...
A family history of twins also makes multiples more likely.. Years ago, most twins came as a surprise. Now, most women know ... Twins, Triplets, and Other Multiples (Department of Health and Human Services, Office on Womens Health) Also in Spanish ... Being Pregnant with Twins, Triplets, and Other Multiples (March of Dimes Foundation) Also in Spanish ... Having Twins? How to Stay Healthy (American Academy of Pediatrics) Also in Spanish ...
The twins were granted 1.2 million Facebook shares in a deal valued at the time at around $65 million. Thanks to a five-for-one ...
Does this look like a twin pregnancy? My official appointment isnt until next week but the ultrasound tech at my job wanted to ... More posts in Hoping for twins or multiples group. Create post in Hoping for twins or multiples group. ... Does this look like a twin pregnancy? My official appointment isnt until next week but the ultrasound tech at my job wanted to ...
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Symptomatic Rathkes cleft cysts in identical twins. Case illustration J Neurosurg. 1996 Apr;84(4):710. doi: 10.3171/jns. ...
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2018 Minnesota Twins / Franchise: Minnesota Twins / BR Team Page[edit]. Record: 78-84, finished 2nd in AL Central Division ( ... The Twins had a good first week, starting off 4-2 and were briefly in first place in the AL Central, but things began to ... From April 20th to May 1st, the Twins lost 11 of 12 games to find themselves with a record of 9-16. One of the first bright ... After surprising just about everyone by making it to the Wild Card Game in 2017, the 2018 Minnesota Twins were under pressure ...
Seagate has sponsored a track - "Computer Friends" [Stack the Memory], made by the Sniper Twins, who are a pair of New York ...
Scientists are still puzzled by the formation of these twinned bows and have proposed theories involving water drops, ice ... This article explores the phenomenon of twinned rainbows, which are instances where the primary rainbow appears to split into ... The Mystery of Twinned Bows. Twinned bows, as the name suggests, appear as if the primary rainbow has split into two equivalent ... We need more observations of twinned bows to better know their nature; close-up images at known focal lengths of the twins, ...
Treating conjoined twins can be a daunting challenge for the surgeon. ... Conjoined twinning is one of the most fascinating human malformations and has also been reported in other animals-mammals, ... Monozygotic twins account for one third of twin births. Conjoined twins account for 1% of monozygotic twins. In the United ... This is a much more rare occurrence termed heteropagus twinning. One twin is not fully formed (parasitic twin) and is dependent ...
Alex Kirilloffs single in the 11th inning scored automatic runner Max Kepler and the Minnesota Twins pulled out a 4-3 win ... "Thats a really good win," Twins manager Rocco Baldelli said. "There was a lot of stuff going on in that game. A lot of it was ... Minnesota Twins Max Kepler celebrates while crossing home plate to score the game-winning run against the San Diego Padres ... Griffin Jax (2-4) escaped a bases-loaded jam in the top of the 11th to secure the win for the Twins after both teams scored ...
System strengths: As Hassan pointed out, the Twins boast a lot of talent on the cusp of the Majors. Of their top six prospects ... What changed in 2020: The biggest trade of the year for the Twins came in February when they sent then-No. 83 overall prospect ... After a tough stretch for most of the decade, the Twins proved 2019 wasnt a fluke and they are ready to be competitive again ... From the dish, Hassan liked the strides made by Twins No. 7 prospect Keoni Cavaco. . At just 19, the shortstop was able to ...
... location technology is a critical foundation for a successful digital twin. ... Digital twins are a modeling tool merging the physical world with the virtual and can even predict possible outcomes. But as ... The digital twin is a modest name for a technology that, in practice, can feel like something from science fiction. Its a way ... A digital twin requires not just imagery of whatever it is duplicating, but a kind of real-time nervous system of sensors, ...
Creating a digital twin. But how does one create a digital twin? In general, the creation of the digital twin encompasses two ... Use case: Development of a full-life-cycle digital twin. Much of the discussion thus far has focussed on a digital twin model ... Digital twin-The "digital" side of figure 1 is the digital twin itself-an application that combines the components above into a ... Scale the twin. Once successful, it can be important to identify opportunities to scale the digital twin. Target adjacent ...
... a Romance book ISBN-0373752989 ISBN13-9780373752980 with cover, excerpt, author notes, review ... Taking On Twins, February 2010. Mass Market Paperback. Waiting For Baby, June 2009. Mass Market Paperback. Cowboy Dad, August ... Taking On Twins Cathy McDavid Fatherhood. Harlequin American Romance. February 2010. On Sale: February 9, 2010. Featuring: ... Suddenly discovering hes father to a pair of rambunctious twins is a challenge for any man. Maybe the Arizona guest ranch is ...
Zoe Saldana and husband Marco Perego are reportedly expecting twins. ... Multiple sources have confirmed to E! that the pregnant star is having twins. ...
Dracula Twins Announced (65927) user comments in the News Comments forum at Blues News ... Dracula Twins Announced. [Mar 29, 2006, 1:35 pm ET] - Share - Viewing Comments Legendo bites back with Dracula Twins is the ... Its up to Drac and his twin-sister Dracana to bite back and save their father, defend their land, and recover their castle ... Lifelust attacked their Transylvanian castle and kidnapped the old Count! The twins, Drac and Dracana, barely managed to escape ...
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The Mad Twins have no known connections to. *Milli Vanilli, those twin dudes from the Matrix, or any other long-haired spandex- ... The Mad Twins never spoke in either of their appearances and were never clearly named. The Mad Twins name comes from Namors ... She gave the Mad Twins a mystic chain that allowed them to grow to giant size and become super strong. The Mad Twins were ... Powers/Abilities: Powered by a mystic chain, the Mad Twins gained the ability to increase their size and strength. The limits ...
When twins have significant differences in body mass index, the higher BMI more commonly veers from the genetically predicted ... The study included 3227 twin pairs of the same gender from the Older Finnish Twin Cohort, consisting of twins born before 1958 ... Among the twin pairs, the twin with the higher BMI of the two more frequently deviated from their genetically predicted BMI ( ... Of the twins, 34% were monozygotic twins. They were examined at approximately age 30 in 1975 and then followed up in 1981, 1990 ...
  • The term conjoined twinning refers to an incomplete splitting of monozygotic twins after 12 days of embryogenesis. (
  • Of the twins, 34% were monozygotic twins. (
  • Phenotypic analysis of discordant monozygotic twins for pain-related temporomandibular joint disorder. (
  • The design of research with monozygotic twins discordant for the disease has emerged as a powerful tool for the detection of phenotypic risk factors . (
  • The aim of this study is to report a clinical case of monozygotic twins discordant for pain -related temporomandibular joint disorder (TMD) from a cognitive-behavioral-emotional phenotypic analysis , from the comparison of clinical variables of pain , history of exposure to painful procedures in early childhood, and coping with pain . (
  • Both monozygotic twins presented a chronic pain phenotype , although they were discordant with the TMD-related pain . (
  • After surprising just about everyone by making it to the Wild Card Game in 2017 , the 2018 Minnesota Twins were under pressure to duplicate the good results from the previous season. (
  • Associated Press: "Destination Minnesota: Twins an attractive place to be", USA Today Sports , March 22, 2018. (
  • Minnesota Twins' Max Kepler celebrates while crossing home plate to score the game-winning run against the San Diego Padres during the 11th inning of a baseball game Wednesday, May 10, 2023, in Minneapolis. (
  • MINNEAPOLIS (AP) - Alex Kirilloff's single in the 11th inning scored automatic runner Max Kepler and the Minnesota Twins pulled out a 4-3 win against the San Diego Padres on Wednesday night. (
  • Identical twins are not quite as identical as once thought, according to a new study of DNA. (
  • Many identical twins clearly behave differently as they grow older, and some even grow to look less alike. (
  • In 2001, scientists documented that identical twins with different diets had corresponding differences in blood cholesterol measures. (
  • A study in 2002 found that identical twins tend to differ greatly in their levels of emotional distress, depending on how close each was to their mother or whether they attended church, among other social factors. (
  • Research last year at Duke University found that identical twins both develop Alzheimer's by their late 70s only about 40 percent of the time. (
  • Other studies have shown that the brains of identical twins look different upon close inspection of the wiring. (
  • One would expect identical twins to develop and express genes at the same levels, but in fact this changes over time," Plass said. (
  • In studies of identical twins, researchers from Lund University have identified mechanisms that could be behind the development of type 2 diabetes. (
  • The study involved 14 pairs of identical twins in Sweden and Denmark. (
  • The researchers investigated DNA methylation* at 480 000 points on the DNA and looked at how it affected the expression of the genes in the identical twins. (
  • It is usually taken for granted that identical twins are genetically 100 per cent alike, but there are in fact differences. (
  • The researchers went on to compare non-identical twins with identical twins and found that the similarities were greater in identical twins. (
  • Non-identical twins generally share 50 per cent of their DNA and it is usually said that identical twins share 100 per cent of theirs. (
  • Despite this, we found 1 400 places on the identical twins' DNA where there was a difference in DNA methylation between the diabetic and the non-diabetic. (
  • This is interesting because it is usually taken for granted that identical twins are genetically 100 per cent alike. (
  • except identical twins. (
  • I. 'Street of twins': multiple births in Cuba II. (
  • Cite this: Differences in Twins Suggest Obesity Veers From Genetics - Medscape - Nov 21, 2023. (
  • An anomalous 'twinned' rainbow seen by Benjamin Kühne (site ) on 3rd June 2002. (
  • The study included 3227 twin pairs of the same gender from the Older Finnish Twin Cohort, consisting of twins born before 1958 and alive in 1974 in Finland. (
  • Coding of occupation for the "young cohort" of the Danish twin register. (
  • Twin-to-twin transfusion syndrome ( TTTS ), also known as feto-fetal transfusion syndrome ( FFTS ), twin oligohydramnios-polyhydramnios sequence ( TOPS ) and stuck twin syndrome , is a complication of monochorionic multiple pregnancies (the most common form of identical twin pregnancy) in which there is disproportionate blood supply between the fetuses. (
  • Genetically, the oldest twins were the least alike. (
  • Among the twin pairs, the twin with the higher BMI of the two more frequently deviated from their genetically predicted BMI (approximately two thirds) compared with the lower-weight twin, while those who were the lower weight of the two deviated from their predicted BMI approximately a third of the time. (
  • In addition, blog sites have been set up for certain sets of twins. (
  • They found that the sets of twins had very similar DNA methylation, which according to Emma Nilsson suggests strong heredity. (
  • Today, we're involved in many discussions about how the digital twin concept can be applied to real world infrastructure management , buildings, and even for systems at scales as large as whole cities and natural environments. (
  • It's a complete, continuously updated version of its UK infrastructure - a digital twin. (
  • Such differences have to do not with the twins' identical DNA, which is the software of life, but in how genes express themselves, the research found. (
  • A novel study of twins who have significant intrapair differences in body mass index (BMI) shows that in the majority of cases, the twin with the higher BMI is the one that veers from their genetic predisposition, based on a polygenic risk score (PRS) for BMI. (
  • While previous studies have evaluated curious cases of differences in weight between twins, the study is unique in investigating whether the higher or lower weighted twin deviates from their genetic predisposition. (
  • The main differences were the lower pressure pain threshold and higher hyperalgesia locally presented by TMD- Twin . (
  • Due to the coronavirus the DH2020 conference will go virtual, and so will the Twin Talks 3 workshop. (
  • After a tough stretch for most of the decade, the Twins proved 2019 wasn't a fluke and they are ready to be competitive again in the American League Central. (
  • 1996.{{cite AV media notes}}: CS1 maint: others in cite AV media (notes) (link) Twins! (
  • A support group for conjoined twins, Conjoined Twins International, was founded in 1996 in Prescott, Arizona, by the grandparents of a set of conjoined twins. (
  • The Danish Twin Register (1996) ( Dan Med Bull. (
  • The scientists studied 40 pairs of twins in Spain, Denmark and the United Kingdom, aged three through 74. (
  • Several 'twinned bows' have been imaged, mostly during heavy showers, but currently there is no agreed explanation for them. (
  • Conjoined twins occur in one in 50,000 to 100,000 births. (
  • The required sphericity and optical quality of ice balls to produce such clear twin bows are unlikely to occur naturally. (
  • Although diffuse ice-sphere bows might occur, ice balls of the required sphericity and optical quality to produce the observed sharp twinned bows are unlikely. (
  • A family history of twins also makes multiples more likely. (
  • The Western Australian Twin Register: a population-based register of adult and child multiples (Twin Res Hum Genet. (
  • This leads to unequal levels of amniotic fluid between each fetus and usually leads to death of the undersupplied twin and, without treatment, usually death or a range of birth defects or disabilities for a surviving twin, such as underdeveloped, damaged or missing limbs, digits or organs (including the brain), especially cerebral palsy . (
  • As a result of sharing a single placenta, the blood supplies of monochorionic twin fetuses can become connected, so that they share blood circulation: although each fetus uses its own portion of the placenta, the connecting blood vessels within the placenta allow blood to pass from one twin to the other. (
  • When we reference digital twins in GIS, we're typically speaking about virtual models of real-world assets or natural systems along with information models, data, reports, analyses, and user experiences intended to capture state, monitor performance, and predict future outcomes. (
  • By providing companies with a complete digital footprint of products, the digital twin enables companies to detect physical issues sooner, predict outcomes more accurately and build better products. (
  • The digital twin may enable companies to solve physical issues faster by detecting them sooner, predict outcomes to a much higher degree of accuracy, design and build better products and, ultimately, better serve their customers. (
  • The Danish Twin Registry: 127 birth cohorts of twins ( Twin Res. (
  • We report the case of a lactating EBOV-positive mother and her twin babies. (
  • The twins were granted 1.2 million Facebook shares in a deal valued at the time at around $65 million. (
  • Facebook also has a support circle of friends of conjoined twins. (
  • While most rainbows consist of a single arc, there are instances where a phenomenon known as 'twinned bows' occurs, leaving observers in awe and scientists puzzled. (
  • Scientists have proposed various theories to unravel the mystery of twinned bows. (
  • Twinned bows represent one such enigma, challenging scientists to delve deeper into the intricacies of atmospheric optics. (
  • The Qingdao Twin Registry: a focus on chronic disease research ( Twin Res Hum Genet. (
  • Control- Twin did not show TMD, however she presented other chronic pains . (
  • Australian Twin Registry: 30 years of progress (Twin Res Hum Genet. (
  • The Australian Twin Registry as a resource for genetic studies into ophthalmic traits (Twin Res Hum Genet. (
  • The introduction of the Australian twin registry (in Chinese) ( Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi. (
  • Australian Twin Registry: a nationally funded resource for medical and scientific research, incorporating match and WATCH (Twin Res Hum Genet. (
  • The Australian Twin Registry (Twin Res. (
  • Australian NHMRC Twin Registry: a resource for pediatric research (Pediatr Cardiol. (
  • Australian N.H. & M.R.C. Twin Registry (Aust N Z J Med. (
  • Australian NHMRC twin registry (Med J Aust. (
  • The Brazilian Twin Registry (Twin Res Hum Genet. (
  • Brazilian Twin Registry: A Bright Future for Twin Studies/Twin Research (Twin Res Hum Genet. (
  • Chilean school-age children twin registry: planning, sampling and implications ( Twin Res Hum Genet. (
  • The Chinese National Twin Registry: A Unique Data Source for Systems Epidemiology of Complex Disease ( Twin Res hum Genet. (
  • The Chinese National Twin Registry: a 'gold mine' for scientific research ( J Intern Med. (
  • The Chinese National Twin Registry: an update ( Twin Res hum Genet. (
  • Current status of the Chinese National Twin Registry ( Twin Res Hum Genet. (
  • Chinese National Twin Registry as a resource for genetic epidemiologic studies of common and complex diseases in China ( Twin Res. (
  • The Qingdao Twin Registry: a status update ( Twin Res hum Genet. (
  • The Cuban Twin Registry: initial findings and perspectives ( Twin Res Hum Genet. (
  • The Danish Twin Registry: An Updated Overview ( Twin Res Hum Genet. (
  • The Danish Twin Registry: linking surveys, national registers, and biological information ( Twin Res Hum Genet. (
  • The Danish Twin Registry (Scand J Public Health. (
  • The Danish Twin Registry in the new millennium ( Twin Res Hum Genet. (
  • The danish twin registry: past and present ( Twin Res. (
  • The early history of the Danish twin registry (in Danish) ( Dan Medicinhist Arbog. (
  • To prepare the twins for their separation, doctors gave them conjoined dolls that they could snip with scissors to separate. (
  • Successful separation of a set of omphalopagus twins was first reported in 1689 in Basel, Switzerland. (
  • In Singapore in 2003, skull and brain separation of 29-year-old craniopagus Iranian twins, Ladan and Laleh Bijani, was unsuccessful, and the sisters died of exsanguination on the operating table. (
  • A successfully staged separation of craniopagus twins (Carl and Clarence Aguirre) took place from 2003 to 2004 at Montefiore Medical Center in New York. (
  • For example, in England, the separation of a pair of conjoined twins from Malta, born August 8, 2000, raised considerable ethical and legal issues. (
  • The judges concluded that separation was in the best interests of both children, even though it meant the death of the weaker twin. (
  • Digital Twins are virtual representations of the real world that incorporate physical objects, processes, relationships, and behaviors. (
  • Digital twins are used to represent accurate historical state, to observe and monitor performance, and to explore or predict future state. (
  • A digital twin of a fixed asset or real-world system benefits directly from the inclusion of GIS data about the asset and GIS context around the asset. (
  • GIS can be used to create digital twins of the natural and built environment and it can also be used to integrate many different digital representations of the real world. (
  • In the last several years, the convergence of geospatial technology, building information modeling (BIM), and interactive 3D has driven a conversation about "Digital Twins" and how they may be used to simulate single facilities, entire cities, and even large natural systems. (
  • We frequently get asked how GIS plays into the digital twin strategy of our customers and here we provide some of our most common answers. (
  • What is a digital twin? (
  • Digital twins may be used to represent current, past, or even future states of assets and may not reflect exactly what exists in the real world today. (
  • The concept of a digital twin originated in the product manufacturing industry. (
  • The original digital twin concept helped move the use of data about an asset from strictly used for finance and cost-accounting to use for performance and operational analysis that could then be iterated back into the financial perspective of the asset's manufacture and sales. (
  • Extending the digital twin concept to inhabited systems that include ongoing human activity including maintenance and operation becomes even more interesting, but also drives complexity to be high. (
  • The digital twin concept builds on older techniques and technologies for data warehousing, federated systems, and object-based data models by adding realism, interactive user experience, and high-resolution 3D and 4D models of assets and systems. (
  • Ultimately, the digital twin must help the owner or operator of the real-world asset or system to solve business or mission-critical applications to justify the investment and process changes that will inform and maintain the twin. (
  • What kinds of problems can a digital twin help solve? (
  • Historical record - A digital twin can be used to archive a state in time of a specific asset or system. (
  • For that reason, many digital twin efforts use the twin as a dashboard showing current performance of the actual system, often with live feeds and dynamically updated attributes. (
  • The digital twin is a modest name for a technology that, in practice, can feel like something from science fiction. (
  • Digital twins are so useful that they are spreading quickly across all kinds of demanding settings - running factories and pipelines, managing airports and city operations, anticipating the impact of climate change. (
  • The market for digital twin technology is expected to grow by a factor of 10 by 2030. (
  • Location is typically the foundation of a digital twin. (
  • And companies, like Vodafone, have discovered that the universal language that enables a digital twin is a geographic information system, or GIS. (
  • A digital twin requires not just imagery of whatever it is duplicating, but a kind of real-time nervous system of sensors, cameras, IoT, and data. (
  • V odafone's GIS-driven digital twin isn't just a way of seeing the network. (
  • At San Francisco International Airport, a GIS digital twin has transformed operations. (
  • That company uses a digital twin powered in part by GIS technology for its customer service system to dispatch technicians to its customers within guaranteed 2- and 4-hour response times. (
  • The company also stocks those critical replacement parts across 1,400 warehouses in 130 countries based on predictions from its digital twin. (
  • The digital twin analyzes the equipment and network usage by millions of customers. (
  • As manufacturing processes become increasingly digital, the digital twin is now within reach. (
  • Until recently, the digital twin-and the massive amounts of data it processes-often remained elusive to enterprises due to limitations in digital technology capabilities as well as prohibitive computing, storage and bandwidth costs. (
  • 1 Significantly lower costs and improved power and capabilities have led to exponential changes that can enable leaders to combine information technology (IT) and operations technology (OT) to enable the creation and use of a digital twin. (
  • So why is the digital twin so important and why should organisations consider it? (
  • The digital twin can allow companies to have a complete digital footprint of their products from design and development through the end of the product life cycle. (
  • With the creation of the digital twin, companies may realise significant value in the areas of speed to market with a new product, improved operations, reduced defects and emerging new business models to drive income. (
  • It can be a daunting task to create a digital twin if a company would like to try this all at once. (
  • But before anything else, enterprises should first understand the definition of and approach to the development of the digital twin in order to avoid being overwhelmed. (
  • In the pages that follow, we discuss the digital twin-its definition, the way it can be created, how it could drive value, its typical applications in the real world and how a company can prepare for the digital twin planning process. (
  • Industry and academia define a digital twin in several different ways. (
  • However, perhaps neither group places the required emphasis on the process aspects of a digital twin. (
  • For example, according to some, a digital twin is an integrated model of an as-built product that is intended to reflect all manufacturing defects and be continually updated to include the wear and tear sustained while in use. (
  • 3 Other widely circulated definitions describe the digital twin as a sensor-enabled digital model of a physical object that simulates the object in a live setting. (
  • In earlier workshops talks were submitted and presented by a humanities researcher and a digital expert (the Twin Talks). (
  • the much-anticipated first album from The Gutter Twins, the collaboration forged by him and fellow maverick singer-songwriter Greg Dulli. (
  • Muscat - As part of a fruitful inter-regional collaboration, the World Health Organization (WHO) country offices in Yemen and Oman linked the Omani Medical Specialty Board to the University of Aden Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences in a recent twinning project that delivered the fundamentals of a critical care support course for 24 intensive care unit doctors working in public hospitals in Yemen. (
  • The Twin Talk pitches should briefly describe (i) the research problem addressed, (ii) its solution, including the technical aspects, (iii) a report on the collaboration experience itself, including obstacles encountered and (iv) recommendations how better training and education could help to make collaboration more efficient and effective. (
  • A further discovery in the DNA was that there were certain changes in the actual DNA sequence - the genetic code - that differed between the diabetic and non-diabetic twin. (
  • To explore the possibility of non-sphericity causing twinned bows, simulations were conducted using a mixture of spherical drops and oblate spheroids. (
  • Explore the most appealing deals available for Santorini Twin Waters, ensuring you get the best value for your stay. (
  • Doctors in the western U.S. state of Utah have successfully separated four-year-old conjoined twins after more than 14 hours of surgery. (
  • This could explain cases where one identical twin develops type 2 diabetes while the other remains healthy. (
  • A twin study on leprosy / M. R. Chakravartti, F. Vogel. (
  • Parcel boundaries and utility network models both offer good examples of geospatial twins of real-world systems that can be captured for legal and operational purposes. (
  • The Twins had a good first week, starting off 4-2 and were briefly in first place in the AL Central , but things began to unravel after that, with bad weather also wreaking havoc with their schedule. (
  • That's a really good win," Twins manager Rocco Baldelli said. (
  • Twins are a good model for finding mechanisms, but the results are applicable to all", said Emma Nilsson. (
  • While diffuse ice-sphere bows are possible, the sharp and distinct twinned bows observed present a challenge. (
  • Suddenly discovering he's father to a pair of rambunctious twins is a challenge for any man. (
  • Treating conjoined twins can be a daunting challenge for the surgeon. (
  • Approximately 75% of conjoined twins are female, and 70% are fused at the thorax (thoracopagus) or abdomen (omphalopagus). (
  • This state of transfusion causes the donor twin to have decreased blood volume, retarding the donor's development and growth, and also decreased urinary output, leading to a lower than normal level of amniotic fluid (becoming oligohydramnios ). (
  • The simulation demonstrated that the lower bow in the twinned pattern could arise from these oblate spheroids. (
  • The following two photographs show union in a transverse plane in the lower body area, so that the twins face each other. (
  • Gothenburg, Sweden, March 29th 2006 - Sweden-based publisher-developer Legendo Entertainment today announced their new platform action title for the PC, Legendo's Dracula Twins, planned for release this spring. (
  • The California Department of Public Health said Tuesday it was investigating an incident involving newborn twins at Cedars-Sinai Medical Center in Los Angeles, reportedly an accidental medication overdose involving the children of actor Dennis Quaid. (
  • Sources connected with the family tell us the twins were born Tuesday in a Los Angeles hospital. (
  • Shortstop Royce Lewis continues to turn heads and create questions for Jorge Polanco 's future in the Twins' infield. (
  • TMD- Twin was more exposed to painful procedures and emotional events due to congenital heart problems. (
  • It's up to Drac and his twin-sister Dracana to bite back and save their father, defend their land, and recover their castle from the undead. (
  • Seagate has sponsored a track - "Computer Friends" [Stack the Memory], made by the Sniper Twins , who are a pair of New York rappers that make awesome 8-bit influenced tracks. (