Tropical Climate: A climate which is typical of equatorial and tropical regions, i.e., one with continually high temperatures with considerable precipitation, at least during part of the year. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)Colonialism: The aggregate of various economic, political, and social policies by which an imperial power maintains or extends its control over other areas or peoples. It includes the practice of or belief in acquiring and retaining colonies. The emphasis is less on its identity as an ideological political system than on its designation in a period of history. (Webster, 3d ed; from Dr. J. Cassedy, NLM History of Medicine Division)Guadeloupe: The name of two islands of the West Indies, separated by a narrow channel. Their capital is Basse-Terre. They were discovered by Columbus in 1493, occupied by the French in 1635, held by the British at various times between 1759 and 1813, transferred to Sweden in 1813, and restored to France in 1816. Its status was changed from colony to a French overseas department in 1946. Columbus named it in honor of the monastery of Santa Maria de Guadalupe in Spain. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p470 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p221)Natural History: A former branch of knowledge embracing the study, description, and classification of natural objects (as animals, plants, and minerals) and thus including the modern sciences of zoology, botany, and mineralogy insofar as they existed at that time. In the 17th, 18th, and 19th centuries it was much used for the generalized pursuit of certain areas of science. (Webster, 3d ed; from Dr. James H. Cassedy, NLM History of Medicine Division)Climate: The longterm manifestations of WEATHER. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)Humidity: A measure of the amount of WATER VAPOR in the air.Climate Change: Any significant change in measures of climate (such as temperature, precipitation, or wind) lasting for an extended period (decades or longer). It may result from natural factors such as changes in the sun's intensity, natural processes within the climate system such as changes in ocean circulation, or human activities.Seasons: Divisions of the year according to some regularly recurrent phenomena usually astronomical or climatic. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)Greenhouse Effect: The effect of GLOBAL WARMING and the resulting increase in world temperatures. The predicted health effects of such long-term climatic change include increased incidence of respiratory, water-borne, and vector-borne diseases.Cold Climate: A climate characterized by COLD TEMPERATURE for a majority of the time during the year.Global Warming: Increase in the temperature of the atmosphere near the Earth's surface and in the troposphere, which can contribute to changes in global climate patterns.Ecosystem: A functional system which includes the organisms of a natural community together with their environment. (McGraw Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)Rain: Water particles that fall from the ATMOSPHERE.Encyclopedias as Topic: Works containing information articles on subjects in every field of knowledge, usually arranged in alphabetical order, or a similar work limited to a special field or subject. (From The ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983)Wind: The motion of air relative to the earth's surface.El Nino-Southern Oscillation: El Nino-Southern Oscillation or ENSO is a cycle of extreme alternating warm El Niño and cold La Nina events which is the dominant year-to-year climate pattern on Earth. Both terms refer to large-scale changes in sea-surface temperature across the eastern tropical Pacific. ENSO is associated with a heightened risk of certain vector-borne diseases. (From http://www.elnino.noaa.gov/lanina_new_faq.html, accessed 5/12/2020)Ice: The solid substance formed by the FREEZING of water.Ice Cover: A thick mass of ICE formed over large regions of land; RIVERS; LAKES; ponds; or SEAWATER.GreenlandNeglected Diseases: Diseases that are underfunded and have low name recognition but are major burdens in less developed countries. The World Health Organization has designated six tropical infectious diseases as being neglected in industrialized countries that are endemic in many developing countries (HELMINTHIASIS; LEPROSY; LYMPHATIC FILARIASIS; ONCHOCERCIASIS; SCHISTOSOMIASIS; and TRACHOMA).Tropical Medicine: The branch of medicine concerned with diseases, mainly of parasitic origin, common in tropical and subtropical regions.Temperature: The property of objects that determines the direction of heat flow when they are placed in direct thermal contact. The temperature is the energy of microscopic motions (vibrational and translational) of the particles of atoms.Parasitic Diseases: Infections or infestations with parasitic organisms. They are often contracted through contact with an intermediate vector, but may occur as the result of direct exposure.Sweat: The fluid excreted by the SWEAT GLANDS. It consists of water containing sodium chloride, phosphate, urea, ammonia, and other waste products.Trees: Woody, usually tall, perennial higher plants (Angiosperms, Gymnosperms, and some Pterophyta) having usually a main stem and numerous branches.Forestry: The science of developing, caring for, or cultivating forests.Cyclonic Storms: Non-frontal low-pressure systems over tropical or sub-tropical waters with organized convection and definite pattern of surface wind circulation.Water Movements: The flow of water in enviromental bodies of water such as rivers, oceans, water supplies, aquariums, etc. It includes currents, tides, and waves.Oceans and Seas: A great expanse of continuous bodies of salt water which together cover more than 70 percent of the earth's surface. Seas may be partially or entirely enclosed by land, and are smaller than the five oceans (Atlantic, Pacific, Indian, Arctic, and Antarctic).Salinity: Degree of saltiness, which is largely the OSMOLAR CONCENTRATION of SODIUM CHLORIDE plus any other SALTS present. It is an ecological factor of considerable importance, influencing the types of organisms that live in an ENVIRONMENT.Altitude: A vertical distance measured from a known level on the surface of a planet or other celestial body.Mountaineering: A sport involving mountain climbing techniques.Biodiversity: The variety of all native living organisms and their various forms and interrelationships.Dengue: An acute febrile disease transmitted by the bite of AEDES mosquitoes infected with DENGUE VIRUS. It is self-limiting and characterized by fever, myalgia, headache, and rash. SEVERE DENGUE is a more virulent form of dengue.Literature, ModernFloridaFiresAtlantic OceanSatellite Communications: Communications using an active or passive satellite to extend the range of radio, television, or other electronic transmission by returning signals to earth from an orbiting satellite.Spacecraft: Devices, manned and unmanned, which are designed to be placed into an orbit about the Earth or into a trajectory to another celestial body. (NASA Thesaurus, 1988)DNA, Satellite: Highly repetitive DNA sequences found in HETEROCHROMATIN, mainly near centromeres. They are composed of simple sequences (very short) (see MINISATELLITE REPEATS) repeated in tandem many times to form large blocks of sequence. Additionally, following the accumulation of mutations, these blocks of repeats have been repeated in tandem themselves. The degree of repetition is on the order of 1000 to 10 million at each locus. Loci are few, usually one or two per chromosome. They were called satellites since in density gradients, they often sediment as distinct, satellite bands separate from the bulk of genomic DNA owing to a distinct BASE COMPOSITION.Satellite Cells, Skeletal Muscle: Elongated, spindle-shaped, quiescent myoblasts lying in close contact with adult skeletal muscle. They are thought to play a role in muscle repair and regeneration.Remote Sensing Technology: Observation and acquisition of physical data from a distance by viewing and making measurements from a distance or receiving transmitted data from observations made at distant location.IndianaRespiratory Syncytial Virus, Human: The type species of PNEUMOVIRUS and an important cause of lower respiratory disease in infants and young children. It frequently presents with bronchitis and bronchopneumonia and is further characterized by fever, cough, dyspnea, wheezing, and pallor.Arecaceae: The palm family of order Arecales, subclass Arecidae, class Liliopsida.Cellular Phone: Analog or digital communications device in which the user has a wireless connection from a telephone to a nearby transmitter. It is termed cellular because the service area is divided into multiple "cells." As the user moves from one cell area to another, the call is transferred to the local transmitter.Photography: Method of making images on a sensitized surface by exposure to light or other radiant energy.Rhodnius: A genus of the subfamily TRIATOMINAE. Rhodnius prolixus is a vector for TRYPANOSOMA CRUZI.Models, Theoretical: Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of systems, processes, or phenomena. They include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.Atmosphere: The gaseous envelope surrounding a planet or similar body. (From Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)Hawaii: A group of islands in Polynesia, in the north central Pacific Ocean, comprising eight major and 114 minor islands, largely volcanic and coral. Its capital is Honolulu. It was first reached by Polynesians about 500 A.D. It was discovered and named the Sandwich Islands in 1778 by Captain Cook. The islands were united under the rule of King Kamehameha 1795-1819 and requested annexation to the United States in 1893 when a provisional government was set up. Hawaii was established as a territory in 1900 and admitted as a state in 1959. The name is from the Polynesian Owhyhii, place of the gods, with reference to the two volcanoes Mauna Kea and Mauna Loa, regarded as the abode of the gods. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p493 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p2330)Floods: Sudden onset water phenomena with different speed of occurrence. These include flash floods, seasonal river floods, and coastal floods, associated with CYCLONIC STORMS; TIDALWAVES; and storm surges.

Geography of intestinal permeability and absorption. (1/1413)

BACKGROUND: Intestinal morphology and function vary geographically. AIMS: These functions were assessed in asymptomatic volunteers in European, North American, Middle Eastern, Asian, African, and Caribbean countries. METHODS: Five hour urine collections were obtained from each subject following ingestion of a 100 ml iso-osmolar test solution containing 3-0-methyl-D-glucose, D-xylose, L-rhamnose, and lactulose after an overnight fast, to assess active (3-0-methyl-D-glucose) and passive (D-xylose) carrier mediated, and non-mediated (L-rhamnose) absorption capacity, as well as intestinal permeability (lactulose:rhamnose ratio). RESULTS: A comparison of results for subjects from tropical countries (n=218) with those resident in the combined temperate and subtropical region (Europe, United States, Qatar) (n=224) showed significant differences. Residents in tropical areas had a higher mean lactulose:rhamnose ratio and lower mean five hour recoveries of 3-0-methyl-D-glucose, D-xylose, and L-rhamnose, indicating higher intestinal permeability and lower absorptive capacity. Investigation of visiting residents suggested that differences in intestinal permeability and absorptive capacity were related to the area of residence. Subjects from Texas and Qatar, although comprised of several ethnic groups and resident in a subtropical area, showed no significant difference from European subjects. CONCLUSIONS: There are clearly demarcated variations in intestinal permeability and absorptive capacity affecting asymptomatic residents of different geographical areas which correspond with the condition described as tropical enteropathy. Results suggest the importance of environmental factors. The parameters investigated may be relevant to the predisposition of the indigenous population and travellers to diarrhoeal illness and malnutrition. Intestinal function in patients from the tropics may be difficult to interpret, but should take into account the range of values found in the asymptomatic normal population.  (+info)

Independent evaluation of the Nigrosin-Eosin modification of the Kato-Katz technique. (2/1413)

A new modified quantitative Kato-Katz thick-smear technique for the detection of helminth eggs in faeces preserves hookworm eggs unaltered for a long time, while with the classic Kato-Katz technique, they disappear after approximately 2 h in tropical climates and thus slides must be read within hours after sample collection. For an independent comparison of these two laboratory techniques, faecal smears from 263 school children were examined in two surveys and prevalence, intensity of infection and costs of surveys calculated. There was no statistical difference between the methods in detecting prevalence and stratification of the sample in different classes of intensity. While there was no statistical difference for the arithmetic mean of the epg for T. trichiura and only a small difference for A. lumbricoides (P=0.04), we observed a highly significant difference for hookworm mean intensities of infections (P<0.001). From the public health viewpoint both methods provided similar results, but due to its simplicity and widespread use the classical Kato-Katz technique remains first choice for community investigation of soil-transmitted nematodes. However, the Nigrosin-Eosin approach has several advantages and can be a valuable alternative in certain circumstances.  (+info)

Transgenic plants for tropical regions: some considerations about their development and their transfer to the small farmer. (3/1413)

Biotechnological applications, especially transgenic plants, probably hold the most promise in augmenting agricultural production in the first decades of the next millennium. However, the application of these technologies to the agriculture of tropical regions where the largest areas of low productivity are located, and where they are most needed, remains a major challenge. In this paper, some of the important issues that need to be considered to ensure that plant biotechnology is effectively transferred to the developing world are discussed.  (+info)

Gardenification of tropical conserved wildlands: multitasking, multicropping, and multiusers. (4/1413)

Tropical wildlands and their biodiversity will survive in perpetuity only through their integration into human society. One protocol for integration is to explicitly recognize conserved tropical wildlands as wildland gardens. A major way to facilitate the generation of goods and services by a wildland garden is to generate a public-domain Yellow Pages for its organisms. Such a Yellow Pages is part and parcel of high-quality search-and-delivery from wildland gardens. And, as they and their organisms become better understood, they become higher quality biodiversity storage devices than are large freezers. One obstacle to wildland garden survival is that specific goods and services, such as biodiversity prospecting, lack development protocols that automatically shunt the profits back to the source. Other obstacles are that environmental services contracts have the unappealing trait of asking for the payment of environmental credit card bills and implying delegation of centralized governmental authority to decentralized social structures. Many of the potential conflicts associated with wildland gardens may be reduced by recognizing two sets of social rules for perpetuating biodiversity and ecosystems, one set for the wildland garden and one set for the agroscape. In the former, maintaining wildland biodiversity and ecosystem survival in perpetuity through minimally damaging use is paramount, while in the agroscape, wild biodiversity and ecosystems are tools for a healthy and productive agroecosystem, and the loss of much of the original is acceptable.  (+info)

Case studies in international medicine. (5/1413)

Family physicians in the United States are increasingly called on to manage the complex clinical problems of newly arrived immigrants and refugees. Case studies and discussions are provided in this article to update physicians on the diagnosis and management of potentially unfamiliar ailments, including strongyloidiasis, hookworm infection, cysticercosis, clonorchiasis and tropical pancreatitis. Albendazole and ivermectin, two important drugs in the treatment of some worm infections, are now available in the United States.  (+info)

Soil bacterial community shift correlated with change from forest to pasture vegetation in a tropical soil. (6/1413)

The change in vegetative cover of a Hawaiian soil from forest to pasture led to significant changes in the composition of the soil bacterial community. DNAs were extracted from both soil habitats and compared for the abundance of guanine-plus-cytosine (G+C) content, by analysis of abundance of phylotypes of small-subunit ribosomal DNA (SSU rDNA) amplified from fractions with 63 and 35% G+C contents, and by phylogenetic analysis of the dominant rDNA clones in the 63% G+C content fraction. All three methods showed differences between the forest and pasture habitats, providing evidence that vegetation had a strong influence on microbial community composition at three levels of taxon resolution. The forest soil DNA had a peak in G+C content of 61%, while the DNA of the pasture soil had a peak in G+C content of 67%. None of the dominant phylotypes found in the forest soil were detected in the pasture soil. For the 63% G+C fraction SSU rDNA sequence analysis of the three most dominant members revealed that their phyla changed from Fibrobacter and Syntrophomonas assemblages in the forest soil to Burkholderia and Rhizobium-Agrobacterium assemblages in the pasture soil.  (+info)

Predicting malaria infection in Gambian children from satellite data and bed net use surveys: the importance of spatial correlation in the interpretation of results. (7/1413)

In line with the renewed World Health Organization Global Malaria Control Strategy, we have advocated the use of satellite imagery by control services to provide environmental information for malaria stratification, monitoring, and early warning. To achieve this operationally, appropriate methodologies must be developed for integrating environmental and epidemiologic data into models that can be used by decision-makers for improved resource allocation. Using methodologies developed for the Famine Early Warning Systems and spatial statistics, we show a significant association between age related malaria infection in Gambian children and the amount of seasonal environmental greenness as measured using the normalized difference vegetation index derived from satellite data. The resulting model is used to predict changes in malaria prevalence rates in children resulting from different bed net control scenarios.  (+info)

Chemotherapy of malaria and resistance to antimalarial drugs in Guayana area, Venezuela. (8/1413)

Resistance to antimalarial chemotherapy is one of the greatest difficulties for the control of malaria transmission. Seventy patients with Plasmodium falciparum malaria were included in a study of resistance to chloroquine and sulfadoxine-pyrimethamine therapy. Resistance levels RI, RII, and RIII were established. Eighteen infections (51%) cleared after chloroquine treatment and did not recur within 28 days of follow-up; these were classified as sensitive. Ten infections (29%) were resistant at the RI level. Resistance at level RII was observed in 5 (14%) cases, and RIII resistance was demonstrated in 2 infections (6%). With sulfadoxine-pyrimethamine, 28 (80%) infections were classified as sensitive. Six infections (17%) showed resistance at level RII, and 1 (3%) infection was resistant at the RI level. Resistance at level RIII was not observed. In a microtest for chloroquine and sulfadoxine-pyrimethamine sensitivity in vitro, schizont development was accomplished successfully in 70 blood samples. In vitro resistance to chloroquine was demonstrated in 15 of 70 (21%) of all isolates. Eight of 70 (11%) of all isolates showed resistance to sulfadoxine-pyrimethamine. Diversity of response of P. falciparum to the studied antimalarial drugs in the Guayana area of Venezuela is considered a problem restricting the control of malaria in this geographical area. A constant evaluation program monitoring P. falciparum drug sensitivity is necessary for preserving the efficacy of the established treatment.  (+info)

Tropical Biomes of the World Tropical Evergreen Forests (rain forests) Tropical Deciduous Forests (seasonal forests or monsoon forests) Tropical Scrub Forests Tropical Grasslands Tropical Rain Forests
TROPICAL RAIN FORESTS OF THE WORLD VOCABULARY: lines of latitude - lines that run east-west on a globe; parallel to the equator LATITUDES OF TROPICAL RAIN FOREST REGIONS: Lines of latitude show how far
All About Tropical Climates - Learn Fun Natural Science Facts about the Tropical Climates. More Earth Science Fun Facts at our Easy Science for Kids Website
The answer is as follows: a) The engine room in the Victoria class submarines contains large diesel engines that operate, when required, in a confined space that receives minimal cooling air. Like all the machinery rooms in Canadian warships operating under tropical conditions, the peak temperatures were uncomfortable. Submarines pose the greatest challenge in this regard, since, by design, they do not have regular access to outside air. For this reason, along with most modern machinery spaces, the Victoria class submarines have an automated engine room and the need for the continuous presence of engine room operators is limited.. b) This was the Canadian Navys first experience of operating a Victoria class submarine under tropical conditions. The data collected to date suggests that the environmental conditions, tropical or temperate, do not significantly influence the engine room temperature since the majority of outside air introduced to the space is devoted to supporting combustion in the ...
Development condition: The solvent is allowed to migrate until the front reaches a line 15 cm from the starting line.. Detection: The plate is examined under ultraviolet light at a wavelength of maximum output at about 254 nm and then at 365 nm. After spraying the plate with a 20% solution of nitric acid, heating at 110-120 °C, cooling and again spraying with a 5% solution of potassium hydroxide in ethane 50%, it is examined in daylight.. Results: The reference solution of senna leaf shows numerous spots of different intensities. Important changes are observed after procedures A and B, some spots disappear and new ones occur.. ...
Development conditions: The solvent is allowed to migrate until the front reaches a line 15 cm from the starting line.. Detection: The plate is examined under ultraviolet light at a wavelength of maximum output at about 254 nm, then left in a chromatographic chamber containing some iodine crystals until spots appear. A second plate is sprayed with a 5% solution of phosphomolybdic acid in acetic acid containing 5% of sulfuric acid.. Results: A reference solution of hydrocortisone sodium succinate shows a main spot and several weak secondary spots; the spot at Rf 0.18 corresponds to hydrocortisone, another at Rf 0.58. A solution of the sample subjected to procedure A shows that the spot at Rf 0.18 decreases, whereas the spot at Rf 0.58 increases. After procedure B, the change is even more significant.. ...
A simple and robust technique for the extraction of DNA under tropical field conditions is described. It requires minimal equipment and is based on lysing cells in whole blood and precipitating the nuclei containing the DNA by centrifugation. The DNA solution can be stored in guanidinium buffer for many months without being refrigerated. Further purification of the DNA can then be carried out in a laboratory with facilities for ultracentrifugation by banding the DNA through cesium chloride. This method yields DNA of sufficient quality and purity for Southern blotting and probing and alleviates the need to transport whole blood between different countries and laboratories.. ...
Skiba, U.; Fowler, D.; Smith, K.A.. 1996 Nitric oxide emissions from agricultural soils in temperate and tropical climates: sources, controls and mitigation options. [Speech] In: International workshop on NOx emission from soils and its influence on Atmospheric Chemistry, Tsukuba, Japan, 4-6 March 1996. (Unpublished) Full text not available from this repository. (Request a copy ...
Palm Trees in tropical climate Clear iPhone Case by Ib Photography. Worldwide shipping available at Society6.com. Just one of millions of high quality products available.
Climate change is affecting biodiversity and ecosystem function worldwide, and the lowland tropics are of special concern because organisms living in this region experience temperatures that are close to their upper thermal limits. However, it remains unclear how and whether tropical lowland species will be able to cope with the predicted pace of climate warming. Additionally, there is growing interest in examining how quickly thermal physiological traits have evolved across taxa, and whether thermal physiological traits are evolutionarily conserved or labile. We measured critical thermal maximum (CTmax) and minimum (CTmin) in 56 species of lowland Amazonian frogs to determine the extent of phylogenetic conservatism in tolerance to heat and cold, and to predict species vulnerability to climate change. The species we studied live in sympatry and represent ~65% of the known alpha diversity at our study site. Given that critical thermal limits may have evolved differently in response to different
Today, about 6 percent of the surface of Earth is covered in rainforests, and more than half of all the worlds plant and animal species live in them. The shear biomass of plants in the rainforest help produce about 40 percent of Earths oxygen.. Estimates of the Earths biodiversity originally came from studies in Panama, where tree species were logged and the number of insects within them categorized and counted. Estimates range from 10 to 100 million species on earth, most of them being insects found in the tropical rain forests.. The tropical rainforests have more kinds of trees than any other biome in the world. In a rainforest in South America, scientists counted from 100 to 300 species of tree in 2.5 acre sections of the forest. Not all plants in the rainforest are trees though. While they are the easiest to observe, there is a great diversity of epiphytes, plants that live on other plants, that make the rainforest their home. Plants like orchids live on rainforest trees high in the ...
The future of tropical biodiversity depends on how human-modified landscapes are managed, but keeping track of how species respond to management is challenging. Remote automated technologies offer opportunities to sample biodiversity rapidly, but are only now being trialled in tropical environments where ecological data is often lacking.. Tropical bats are diverse, filling numerous ecological niches and providing ecosystem services such as pest control, pollination and seed dispersal. Logging exerts subtle changes on bat assemblages and in fragmented habitats local extinctions and diversity declines are reported. Despite these impacts, surprisingly little is known about bat responses to land-use change, largely because they are poorly surveyed compared to larger, charismatic vertebrates. Inventories rely on cumbersome live-trapping, which can be limited to accessible areas, and prone to problems in detectability in converted habitats. Thus, it is difficult to ascertain whether anecdotal declines ...
Global conservation targets should not be met at the cost of the worlds poor. The first study to evaluate a policy aiming to compensate local people for the costs of conservation has revealed that, despite good intentions, the poor have lost out.. Tropical forests are important to all of us on the planet. As well as being home for rare and fascinating biodiversity (like the lemurs of Madagascar), tropical forests lock up enormous amounts of carbon helping to stabilise our climate. However tropical forests are also home to many hundreds of thousands of people whose lives can be affected by international conservation policies.. Multilateral donors such as the World Bank have made clear commitments that those negatively impacted by their projects should be compensated. This includes those affected by conservation projects such as those intended to slow climate change by preventing tropical deforestation (a scheme known as REDD+ or Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation). ...
The effects of historical land use on tropical forest must be examined to understand present forest characteristics and to plan conservation strategies. We compared the effects of past land use, topography, soil type, and other environmental variables on tree species composition in a subtropical wet forest in the Luquillo Mountains, Puerto Rico. The study involved stems , 10 cm diameter measured at 130 cm above the ground, within the 16-ha Luquillo Forest Dynamics Plot (LFDP), and represents the forest at the time Hurricane Hugo struck in 1989. Topography in the plot is rugged, and soils are variable. Historical documents and local residents described past land uses such as clear-felling and selective logging followed by farming, fruit and coffee production, and timber stand improvement in the forest area that now includes the LFDP. These uses ceased 40-60 yr before the study, but their impacts could be differentiated by percent canopy cover seen in aerial photographs from 1936. Using these ...
Forests are often subject to multiple, compounded disturbances, representing both natural and human-induced processes. Predicting forest dynamics requires that we consider how these disturbances interact to affect species demography. Here we present results of an individual-based, spatially explicit forest simulator that we developed to analyze the compounded effects of hurricane disturbance and land use legacies on the dynamics of a subtropical forest. We used data from the 16-ha Luquillo Forest Dynamics Plot in Puerto Rico, together with a reconstruction of historical wind damage, to parameterize the simulator. We used the model to ask two questions. (1) What are the implications of variation in hurricane frequency and severity for the long-term dynamics of forest composition, diversity, and structure? Both storm severity and frequency had striking effects on forest dynamics, composition, and structure. The periodicity of disturbance also played an important role, with periods of high ...
Amazing pictures of 8 Pictures Of Tropical Rainforest Pictures Of Plants is totally great for your biological science knowledge. The image Resolution 800 x 1066 px and the image size only 131 kb. Click the thumbnail to see the larger version.. Tagged with: flowers of tropical rainforest, plants in tropical forest, tropical rainforest pictures of plants, tropical rainforest plant, tropical rainforest plant species, .. ...
Its not just that tropical forests are being rapidly destroyed but ... Its astonishing how insidious many of the threats are said Peres. ...The editors define four categories of emerging threats to tropical for... Many of the emerging threats to tropical forests become apparent only... We immediately notice when forests burn or trees come crashing down ...,The,subtleties,of,tropical,forest,demise,biological,biology news articles,biology news today,latest biology news,current biology news,biology newsletters
From an earlier post, relevant here:. This is arguably the most important topic to get red-pilled on, as our bad diet is the foundation upon which the (((medical mafia))) rests. To be blunt: Humans are eating the wrong diet for our species, and it is causing a wide range of bad side-effects. This is counter to many, if not most, academic teachings. But luckily, we can reason through this pretty simply.. Look at your body. Very little hair. You wouldnt survive the night, let alone the winter, in most parts of the world before the advent of fire and tools. We were designed, by evolution, for the tropics. Our bodies evolved for millions of years to be suited to that environment. Humans are a tropical species, and our diet should reflect that. In a tropical environment with no fire, no tools, what would you eat? Raw chickens? Grass? The milk of a grazing species? No! Wed eat fruit! Its just lying there on the ground or hanging from the trees! Just like most primates.. In short, modern humans ...
Scaricare Pollution and Fish Health in Tropical Ecosystems Epub pdf, Ognuno può cercare 400k epub pdf ebook e scegliere il miglior ebook da leggere con la tua famiglia, basta registrarsi e godere gratuitamente , Dynamic spot
Geckos are remarkable little creatures, clinging to almost any dry surface, and Alyssa Stark, from the University of Akron, USA, explains that they appear to be equally happy scampering through tropical rainforest canopies as they are in urban settings. A lot of work is done on geckos that looks at the very small adhesive structures on their toes to really understand how the system works at the most basic level, says Stark. She adds that the animals grip surfaces with microscopic hairs on the soles of their feet that make close enough contact to be attracted to the surface by the minute van der Waals forces between atoms. However, she and her colleagues Timothy Sullivan and Peter Niewiarowski were curious about how the lizards cope on surfaces in their natural habitat.. Explaining that previous studies had focused on the reptiles clinging to artificial dry surfaces, Stark says We know they are in tropical environments that probably have a lot of rain and its not like the geckos fall out of ...
Aceptado: 07 febrero 2012. Abstract. Indigenous knowledge and the millenary experience in management of natural vegetation on karstic landscapes are important aspects that should be considered in animal production in seasonal tropical environments. The aim of the present work was to make an inventory of native plants associated to soilscapes from seasonal tropical forests from the Yucatán Peninsula that are used as forage by Mayan people. The work was carried out in 27 Mayan communities on karst landscapes in the Yucatán Peninsula as a part of the "Ethnoflora Yucatanense" project of the Universidad Autónoma de Yucatán. Samples were taken of forage plants together with corresponding floristic and ethnobotanical information. Data were processed in EXCEL dynamic tables, grouped by plant family, geoforms and soils, life form and animal consumers. Results indicate that Mayan communities use 196 plant species as forage: 139 herbaceous, 17 shrubs, 35 trees and 2 palms. These plants are fed to cows, ...
1) The Amazon River. Amazon River is the worlds longest river. Its also the largest by volume. It has over 3000 species of fish. 60% of the Amazon Rainforest is in this country. This rain forest represents over half of the worlds remaining tropical rain forests. You should also know its the largest and most diverse of tropical rain forests. This scenery will provide you with fantastic aerial views that you can shoot with your drone.. 2) Pantanal Swamp. If you are a fun of wildlife, Pantanal swamp is another place you should visit in Brasil. It is home to plenty of wildlife, for example, it hosts the worlds largest Jaguar population. This vast wetland blessed with natural beauty is one place you can carry out incredible aerial video shooting.. 3) Salvador Beaches. Salvador is one place that you should not fail visit. Thats because of its vibrant music scenes and fantastic beaches that originate from calm inlets. You will enjoy swimming, sailing, and diving. If you enjoy surfing, its open ...
Protected tropical forest biodiversity under threat. A new study shows that biodiversity levels in tropical forests are still declining despite having protected area status.
Prerequisites: BIOL 3329, and one of BIOL 3308, PSYC 2350 or MATH 1216 and application to the Department.. This course provides students with an opportunity to study is be a field trip to a tropical location where students are able to immerse themselves in a tropical environment. Prior to departure students present and attend seminars on subjects pertinent to the ecology of the tropical field site to be visited. Students design a research project on some aspect of tropical ecology prior to departure to the tropical site, collect data for the project while in the tropics and write a report on the research upon return to Saint Marys University. Note: Students are responsible for travel and living costs associated with the course, as well as tuition. Enrolment is limited and admission is by application to the Biology Department. Contact the Biology Chairperson for details. This course occurs over a period of 10-12 days and nights at an off-campus location. ...
Thus on the basis of existing evidence, Eastern Europe now reveals the same pattern as Western Europe with respect to the transition from Neanderthals to modern humans. Modern humans appear to represent an intrusive population with clear affinities to earlier Homo sapiens in Africa and the Near East that replaced the local Neanderthal population.. Among the morphological contrasts between the Eastern European modern humans and their Neanderthal predecessors, the evidence for climatic adaptation in the postcranial skeleton is particularly striking. The high brachial and crural indices for the modern humans from Kostenki and Sungir are consistent with a patter of adaptation to temperate and tropical environments among modern population.. following the prediction of Allens rule concerning the length of extremities. The overall shape and size of the body of the adult male from Kotenski XIV (small and thin) seems to conform to both Bergmanns and Allenss rules for warm climate adaptations ...
The Association for Tropical Biology (ATB) was founded in 1963 to promote research and to foster the exchange of ideas among biologists working in tropical environments. The ATB has built its reputation on the publication of a high-quality, widely-cited journal, BIOTROPICA, and on the sponsorship of international symposia on diverse tropical issues. It also co-publishes an international newsletter, with news for tropical biologists ...
Final year student Ethan is studying for a Bachelor of Science majoring in Tropical Environment Biology and Microbiology at Monash University.. ...
It appears to be in the tropics and subtropics where poor quality forage intake by cattle is low without supplementation and where significant responses in feed intake occurs when a non-protein nitrogen deficiency is corrected and extra protein that escapes rumen fermentation is provided in the diet. It is strongly stressed that supplementation with urea and proteinmeals increases voluntary intake of poor quality forages by cattle under tropical conditions to approximately the same level of intake as unsupplemented cattle under temperate conditions (Leng, 1989b). In this situation the supplement is only correcting a depressed intake back to normal intake ...
The region has a tropical climate and depends on monsoons for rainfall. According to the Köppen climate classification, it has a non-arid climate with minimum mean temperatures of 18 °C (64 °F).[35] The most humid is the tropical monsoon climate characterised by moderate to high year-round temperatures and seasonal heavy rainfall above 2,000 mm (79 in) per year. The tropical climate is experienced in a strip of south-western lowlands abutting the Malabar Coast, the Western Ghats and the islands of Lakshadweep and Andaman and Nicobar are also subject to this climate.[36] The tropical wet and dry climate, drier than areas with a tropical monsoon climate, prevails over most of the inland peninsular region except for a semi-arid rain shadow east of the Western Ghats. Winter and early summer are long and dry periods with temperatures averaging above 18 °C (64 °F), summer is exceedingly hot with temperatures in low-lying areas exceeding 50 °C (122 °F), and the rainy season lasts from June to ...
Basella alba / rubra is perennial vine that likes tropical conditions, but is also cultivated as an annual crop in temperate regions. It can climb up or spread horizontaly up to 10m and is fairly fast growing as long as temperatures are high. Even though it is climbing/crawling in nature, Basellas young stems are not to flexible and can become quite hard, so it can be shaped into a small bush. It is heat loving plant that can be hurt by temperatures lower than 5C, and instantly killed with less than 0C. Its succulent flesh helps it to easily survive severe and long drought with its water storage. It also tolerates heavy rains and high humidity. It likes full sun, but when planted in partial shade its growth is faster and leaves are more juicy. Malabar Spinach grows best in fertile, acidic soils but tolerates even poor, sandy soils. It tiny flowers appear usually in dry seasons followed by black berries. It can be easily propagated from cuttings and seeds, which for faster germination it is ...
Similar view August 1956 . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . Kibo summit viewed from Moshi February 1928 . . . . . . Kibo summit viewed from Moshi January 1975 . . . . . . . The summit of Mount Kilimanjaro from Mawenzi showing extent of glaciation in September 1935 . . . . . . . . . . . . The summit of Mount Kilimanjaro August 1956 . . . . . . Similar view taken by air by with peaks of Mawenzi in foreground March 1973 . Changes in the nature and amount of predation, competition, herbivory, migration, emigration, and immigration, are all important and will lead to changes in community composition, but changes in the hydrological cycle or in the interactive processes of the mineral cycle potentially have more profound effects on the structure of the system (Walker 1989). Worthington (1938) pointed out it was an error to suppose the tropical conditions of Africa implied the existence of an exuberant vegetation and rich soil. Distribution of elephant deaths in 1971 drought, Tsavo East National ...
Cenozoic strike-slip tectonism, which caused local crustal extension in South-east Asia, generated many short-lived but deeply subsiding basins. Under tropical conditions and assisted by intensive karstic weathering, the basins formed ideal sites for lakes during early basinal history in Oligocene to Miocene times. In several basins in northern Thailand, a shallow-lacustrine assemblage of mudstone and coal contains thin, alginite-rich oil shales of moderate grade which formed under oxic or anoxic conditions during the initial flooding of the lake, which was accompanied by high organic productivity. In the Mae Sot Basin, a carbonate-rich lacustrine assemblage contains thick, alginite-rich oil shales of high grade which formed under anoxic conditions in deeper, probably stratified lakes where the organic material was well preserved. The kerogen in both assemblages is Type I, hydrogen-rich. Under conditions of rapid sedimentation and abnormally high heat flow associated with active tectonism, the ...
Sao Paulo - Brazils trade with Africa could triple to $60 billion (R490.7 billion at current exchange rate) by 2017, according to business leaders here who also highlighted the South American behemoths potential as a development model for the continent.. "I believe that trade could reach $60 billion in six years," said Roberto Giannetti da Fonseca, head of foreign trade at the Sao Paulo Industrial Federation (FIESP), who noted that trade already tripled to $20 billion between 2004 to last year.. He made his remarks at a conference on the private sectors role in African development that brought together local entrepreneurs, diplomats, Brazilian government officials, economists and representatives from multilateral organisations.. Da Fonseca saw great prospects for boosting Brazilian exports to the African continent, particularly farm machinery which - unlike agricultural equipment from Europe or the United States - is particularly suited to Africas tropical conditions. ...
Hi, my Tiki 26 nr. 454 is near completion in South Africa. When I am inside one of the hulls the temperature is really very high. The mainhatch alone does not provide enough ventilation. Now I am in doubt where and what I can do best when I go coastal. cruising and sleeping in near tropical conditions of Mozambique and Madagascar. Sunproof, rainproof, waveproof? Where should
2017 Appeal ** Help PFAF to go Tropical! Our big project for 2017 is to extend our database by adding a further 500 selected useful plants that grow in tropical conditions. This is a major project for us and we need your donations to complete it. Read more >> ...
2017 Appeal ** Help PFAF to go Tropical! Our big project for 2017 is to extend our database by adding a further 500 selected useful plants that grow in tropical conditions. This is a major project for us and we need your donations to complete it. Read more >> ...
2017 Appeal ** Help PFAF to go Tropical! Our big project for 2017 is to extend our database by adding a further 500 selected useful plants that grow in tropical conditions. This is a major project for us and we need your donations to complete it. Read more >> ...
2017 Appeal ** Help PFAF to go Tropical! Our big project for 2017 is to extend our database by adding a further 500 selected useful plants that grow in tropical conditions. This is a major project for us and we need your donations to complete it. Read more >> ...
Varieties javanica: with the name O. sativa var. javanica are broad-grained and thrives under tropical conditions, was identified based on morphology and initially called javanica, but is now known as tropical japonica with the name O. sativa var. tropical japonica. Examples of these varieties include the medium grain Tinawon and Unoy cultivars, which are grown in the high-elevation rice terraces of the ...
SOMEWHERE BETWEEN EBOLA AND RABIES: ENOUGH CRUEL AND VERY DANGEROUS NEW AFRICAN PLAGUE? We torture and kill two billion sentient living beings every week. 10,000 entire species are wiped out every year because of the actions of one, and we are now facing the sixth mass extinction in cosmological history. If any other organism did…
SOMEWHERE BETWEEN EBOLA AND RABIES: ENOUGH CRUEL AND VERY DANGEROUS NEW AFRICAN PLAGUE? We torture and kill two billion sentient living beings every week. 10,000 entire species are wiped out every year because of the actions of one, and we are now facing the sixth mass extinction in cosmological history. If any other organism did…
Allisons question, "what was the name of the Ford Motor Company doctor who was with you when we met eight years ago?" keep haunting me for the next two days. How could I forget? Maybe the name is in my book, Santarém - Riverboat Town. Nope, not there. But I knew it was recorded in some written document. At last I remembered that Mary Dempsy, a Detroit based journalist, had interviewed him for a magazine report on Henry Ford in Belterra. There it was in her article. His name is Dr. Emerick Szilagyi. I have no idea if the good doctor is still alive. When I took him to revisit Belterra, he was getting up there in the years, but still worked at the Henry Ford Hospital in Detroit. I think I had given Mary Dempsy his name as a contact. Her original article appeared in the July/August 1994 issue of Michigan History. Click here for the link. Thats me in the image. The picture was taken shortly before the whole hospital building burned down to the ground. It had been one of the most important ...
Tropical neurology refers to those diseases of the nervous system which prevail between the Tropics of Cancer and Capricorn. Warm and humid tropical climates are ideal for growth and multiplication. The diversity and density of flora and fauna, including the human population, is not surprising in this region. Initially the tropical diseases included mainly the infectious and parasitic diseases. Today the world population is close to 5.6 billion and by 2050, is likely to exceed 10 billion; much of this growth is likely to occur in the tropical region.... ...
Im still hunting for clothing that I can travel with (i.e. no linen or cotton - too many wrinkle problems) that will breathe nicely in the tropical
Shop Crop Tops - Green Printed Bell Sleeve Chiffon Floral Cold Shoulder (Off Shoulder) Top online. Discover unique designers fashion at JustFashionNow.com.
If you are keen on exercise and do it as a regular daily activity then you also might be drinking sports drinks as a way to replace the minerals and electrolytes you sweat out. However, although these kinds of drinks may give you that initial burst of get... Read , ...
Tropical forests are unlikely to die off as a result of the predicted rise in atmospheric greenhouse gases this century, a new study finds. Models predict that forests such as the Amazon will keep carbon locked up until 2100.
Tropical rainforest in Brazil. Worldwide, 13 million hectares of forests are disappearing every year. With so many of the worlds forests already destroyed, we urgently need to protect what is left.
Tropical rainforest in Brazil. Worldwide, 13 million hectares of forests are disappearing every year. With so many of the worlds forests already destroyed, we urgently need to protect what is left.
Rainforests on infertile wet soils support more than half of all plant species. Shrublands on infertile dry soils in southwestern Australia, jokingly called "knee-high tropical rainforests," support another 20 percent of all plant species. Nutrient scarcity is the common denominator. In both ecosystems plants team up with soil bacteria or fungi to gather nutrients more efficiently. However, the plants choice of microbial teammates influences a suite of other plant-soil interactions that help explain why such different environments are so biologically diverse, say Smithsonian scientists and colleagues in the journal, Science.. Soil swarms with bacteria and fungi, some disease-causing and harmful, some helpful. Plants take advantage of networks of fungal hyphae and bacteria to capture nitrogen, phosphorus and other nutrients from their surroundings.. Depending which microbes a plant teams up with-nitrogen-fixing bacteria, mycorrhizal fungi or no microbes at all (some plants form cluster roots ...
In tropical climates[edit]. Forest gardens, or home gardens, are common in the tropics, using intercropping to cultivate trees ... Volume One: Ecological Vision and Theory for Temperate Climate Permaculture, ISBN 1-931498-79-2. Volume Two: Ecological Design ... Forest gardening is a prehistoric method of securing food in tropical areas. In the 1980s, Robert Hart coined the term "forest ... Robert Hart adapted forest gardening for the United Kingdom's temperate climate during the 1980s.[1] His theories were later ...
Climate type. tropical climate. Languages. Hiligaynon, English. Website. www. .bacolodcity. .gov. .ph. ...
Climate type. tropical climate. Native languages. Kinaray-a language. Hiligaynon. Tagalog. Website. www. .dingle. .gov. .ph. ...
Climate type. tropical climate. Native languages. Cebuano. Tagalog. Website. www. .danaocity. .gov. .ph. ...
Climate type. Tropical rainforest climate. Income class. 4th city income class. Revenue (₱). 472 million (2016) [4]. ...
Climate type. Tropical rainforest climate. Income class. 1st municipal income class. Revenue (₱). 286,294,131.65 (2016). ...
Tropical monsoon climate. References. *^ Ramage, C., Monsoon Meteorology. International Geophysics Series, Vol. 15, 296 pp., ... Examples are the formation of a rare low-latitude tropical storm in 2001, Tropical Storm Vamei, and the devastating flood of ... See also: Climate of Europe. The European Monsoon (more commonly known as the return of the westerlies) is the result of a ... "On Air-Sea Interaction at the Mouth of the Gulf of California", Paquita Zuidema and Chris Fairall, in Journal of Climate, ...
Climate[edit]. Prieto Diaz has a tropical climate. There is significant rainfall throughout the year in Prieto Diaz. Even the ... According to Köppen and Geiger climate is classified as Af. The average annual temperature in Prieto Diaz is 27.1 °C. The ... The months of September, October and November experience the more destructive of these violent tropical storms. Forty percent ... a b http://en.climate-data.org/location/20625/ *^ The Philippine Island World: A Physical, Cultural, and Regional Geography, p ...
Climate type. Tropical rainforest climate. Income class. 4th municipal income class. Revenue (₱). 67,337,909.23 (2016). ...
Climate type. tropical monsoon climate. Native languages. Ilocano. Tagalog. Website. www. .cuyapo. .gov. .ph. ...
Climate type. tropical rainforest climate. Native languages. Kinamigin language. Cebuano. Tagalog. Website. www. .mambajao-cam ...
Climate type. tropical rainforest climate. Income class. 4th municipal income class. Revenue (₱). 84 million (2016). ...
Climate type. tropical rainforest climate. Native languages. Davawenyo. Cebuano. Kalagan language. Obo language. Tagalog. Ata ...
Climate[edit]. San José has a tropical wet and dry climate (Köppen climate classification Aw).[15] Precipitation varies widely ... "The Climate of Tropical Regions". The British Geographer. Retrieved 17 September 2016.. ... Climate data for San José, Costa Rica (Juan Santamaría International Airport) Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov ... "Juan Santamaria Climate Normals 1961-1990". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved 26 July 2017.. ...
Climate[edit]. Nepalgunj has a sub-tropical climate. Temperatures sometimes exceed 40°C (104°F) from April to June. During the ...
... describe as a climate that is transitional between a continually wet tropical rainforest climate and a tropical savanna climate ... the border being formed here by 10th parallel north The climate is tropical; although it could be classified as a tropical ... Climate: tropical; hot, humid; summer rainy season (May to December); winter dry season (December to April) Terrain: coastal ... Sierra Leone is party to several environmental agreements: Biodiversity (Convention on Biological Diversity) Climate Change ( ...
Climate: tropical; moderated by easterly trade winds (March to November); westerly gales and heavy rain (November to March). ... Prasad, Rajendra; Nadi Tropical Cyclone Warning Center (4 April 1998). Tropical Cyclone Ofa, January 28 - February 9 (Tropical ... Tropical Cyclone Bebe was a pre-season tropical cyclone that impacted the Gilbert, Ellice Islands, and Fiji island groups. The ... Tuvalu is a party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer ...
El Salvador claims a territorial sea of 200 nautical miles (370.4 km; 230.2 mi). Climate: tropical; rainy season (May to ... El Salvador has a tropical climate with pronounced wet and dry seasons. Temperatures vary primarily with elevation and show ... El Salvador is party to the Convention on Biological Diversity, United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, Kyoto ... October); dry season (November to April); tropical on coast; temperate in uplands Terrain: mostly mountains with narrow coastal ...
Climate[edit]. St. Eustatius has a tropical monsoon climate. Tropical storms and hurricanes are common. The Atlantic hurricane ...
The site has a dry tropical climate. Rainfall is monsoonal, with the hot and humid wet season occurring from November to March ...
Climate[edit]. The Kimberley has a tropical monsoon climate. The region receives about 90% of its rainfall during the short wet ... "Kimberly tropical savanna". Terrestrial Ecoregions. World Wildlife Fund.. *^ Beard, J. S. 1976. The monsoon forests of the ... Climate change since 1967 has led to large increases of as much as 250 millimetres (10 in) per year in annual rainfall over the ... The southern end of the Kimberley beyond the Dampier Peninsula is flatter with dry tropical grassland and is used for cattle ...
The Köppen Climate Classification subtype for this climate is "Aw". (Tropical Savanna Climate). Altiplano Guiana Highlands ... Tropical savanna climates have monthly mean temperature above 18 °C (64 °F) in every month of the year and typically a ... xxxiii., p. 212 Climate Summary from Weatherbase.com This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain ...
"Tropical Monsoon Climate". The Physical Environment. Archived from the original on 24 March 2011. Retrieved 14 April 2011. " ... Although it receives abundant rainfall like that of the tropical rain forest climate, rainfall is concentrated in the high-sun ... The Jama-Coaque Ecological Reserve is subject to a tropical monsoon climate. ... The lowland part of the reserve is characterized by tropical moist evergreen forest and transition to tropical rainforest. ...
The Köppen Climate Classification subtype for this climate is "Aw". (Tropical Savanna Climate). "Ada East". Ghana Districts. ... Climate Summary for Ada Foah "Klimatafel von Ada / Ghana" (PDF). Baseline climate means (1961-1990) from stations all over the ... Tropical savanna climates have monthly mean temperature above 18 °C (64 °F) in every month of the year and typically a ... After slave trade had been abolished, the Adas traded products of the African tropical forest (mostly palm oil, palm kernels ...
Climate Tropical marine; generally warm and humid, moderated by northeast trade winds; dry season from January to June, wet ...
ClimateEdit. Climates remained moderately warm, although the slow global cooling that eventually led to the Pleistocene ... Uplift of East Africa in the late Miocene was partly responsible for the shrinking of tropical rain forests in that region, and ... Greenland may have begun to have large glaciers as early as 7 to 8 million years ago,[citation needed] although the climate for ... As the earth went from the Oligocene through the Miocene and into the Pliocene, the climate slowly cooled towards a series of ...
A Tropical monsoon climate (occasionally known as a tropical wet climate or a tropical monsoon and trade-wind littoral climate ... In essence, a tropical monsoon climate tends to either see more rainfall than a tropical savanna climate or have less ... as Tropical savanna climates do.. Tropical monsoon climates however has its driest month seeing on average less than 60 mm but ... is a type of climate that corresponds to the Köppen climate classification category "Am". Tropical monsoon climates have ...
A new and rare ice core record of tropical temperatures highlights changes in the of world climate, the El Niño/La Niña- ... A new and rare ice core record of tropical temperatures highlights changes in the enfants terribles of world climate, the El ... Big climate patterns. Ice cores draw the attention of climate researchers because the ratio of oxygen isotopes in the ice acts ... One notable climate event in the ice cores is the Little Ice Age, which chilled these tall mountains from 1520 to 1880. In ...
... especially those limited to tropical forests with stable climates, are less likely to keep up with rapid climate change." ... Tropical birds in arid zones are assumed to be resilient to hot, dry conditions, yet climate change may test their resilience ... Tropical mountain birds are among the most vulnerable to climate change. Warmer temperatures at lower elevations force them to ... Climate change and accompanying sea-level rise pose problems for birds in tropical coastal and island ecosystems, "which are ...
Image right Tropical Composition, Cloud and Climate Coupling Mission Patch. The NASA TC4 (Tropical Composition, Cloud and ... Climate Coupling) mission will investigate the structure, properties and processes in the tropical Eastern Pacific. A-train ... NASA scientists will hold a media teleconference on Wednesday, June 27, at 2 p.m. EDT to discuss the upcoming Tropical ... Identifying the key processes in this region is essential for progress on issues involving global climate change, stratospheric ...
Formation of tropical cyclones: Tropical cyclones represent still another example of air-sea interactions. These storm systems ... Tropical cyclones may last from a few hours to as long as two weeks, the average lifetime being six days. ... Climate and the oceans*The ocean surface and climate anomalies. *Formation of tropical cyclones*Conditions associated with ... Effects of tropical cyclones on ocean waters. A tropical cyclone can affect the thermal structure and currents in the surface ...
So often so many of the things we talk about with climate change are this is going to be a problem in 2030 or 2050 or 2100, ... Its no secret that climate change can spread illnesses such as West Nile virus, Zika, and malaria, as rising temperatures push ... Climate warming has greatly expanded the range over which these bacteria can proliferate-with wide ranging impacts on ... While much attention has been paid to the direct physical threats from climate change, such as rising seas and searing drought ...
... after a new study suggested that major shifts in the number of North Atlantic tropical storms and hurricanes are due to climate ... Climate change has triggered three major shifts in the number of tropical storms that rise up in the North Atlantic, according ... The annual average of observed hurricanes and tropical storms in the North Atlantic has risen from 6 in the first part of the ... The first change came in 1905, starting a 25-year period with an average of 6.0 tropical storms or hurricanes per year. In 1931 ...
The cooling effect of mid-level clouds is currently missing in global climate models. ... 5 km altitude are more ubiquitous in the tropics than previously thought and they have a substantial cooling effect on climate ... The authors also hope that the climate research community will factor in clouds in climate models more often in the future so ... warm the climate. Overall, clouds cool the climate by about 20 W m-2. In contrast, the Earth receives on average about 340 W m- ...
The monthly Climate Diagnostics Bulletin reports on the previous months status of the ocean-atmosphere climate system in the ... Climate Prediction Center. 5200 Auth Road. Camp Springs, Maryland 20746. Climate Prediction Center Web Team. Disclaimer Privacy ...
Having this large flowering shrub grown in your garden is a great option if you live in sub-tropical or tropical climate. But ... The lion city, Southeast Asias agency leisure tourism combined with tropical delights. Said to be one of the most of affluent ...
Cities featuring a Tropical savanna climate Most places that have this climate are found at the outer margins of the tropical ... A tropical climate in the Köppen climate classification is a non-arid climate in which all twelve months have mean temperatures ... Tropical climates are frost-free, and changes in the solar angle are small. In tropical climates temperature remains relatively ... Cities featuring a Tropical rainforest climate Some of the places with this climate are indeed uniformly and monotonously wet ...
Tropical forests are unlikely to die off as a result of the predicted rise in atmospheric greenhouse gases this century, a new ... tropical forests, climate models, HadCM3, climate change, resiliency of tropical forests, preventing deforestation ) Judy - ... Tropical Forests Unexpectedly Resilient to Climate Change. Science & Tech (tags: climate science, international group of ... Tropical forests are unlikely to die off as a result of the predicted rise in atmospheric greenhouse gases this century, a new ...
Tropical groundwater may prove to be a climate-resilient source of freshwater in the tropics as intense rainfall favors the ... Tropical groundwater resources resilient to climate change. University College London. Journal. Environmental Research Letters ... Tropical groundwater may prove to be a climate-resilient source of freshwater in the tropics as intense rainfall favours the ... Climate change modifies the composition of reefs Universitat Autonoma de Barcelona * Scientists quantify the vast and valuable ...
The Tropical Andes are expected to experience some of the most drastic change in climate in South America (Urrutia and Vuille, ... 2009; Hijmans et al., 2005). However, projections of future climate change using different models in the Tropical Andes are ... The clearest trend in the Tropical Andes is the increase in air temperature. ... Climate change in the Tropical Andes. The clearest trend in the Tropical Andes is the increase in air temperature. The Tropical ...
The idea that climate change might actually decrease the frequency of tropical cyclones (TCs) is not an entirely new idea. ... Hurricanes and tropical storms will become less frequent by the end of the century as a result of climate change, US ... "The idea that climate change might actually decrease the frequency of tropical cyclones (TCs) is not an entirely new idea.… ... 62 Responses to "Climate Change and Tropical Cyclones (Yet Again)". 1 2 Next » ...
The idea that climate change might actually decrease the frequency of tropical cyclones (TCs) is not an entirely new idea. ... 62 Responses to "Climate Change and Tropical Cyclones (Yet Again)". « Previous 1 2 ... Knutson et al project future changes in Atlantic TC behavior by using a regional climate model (RCM) which produces tropical ... both also questioning the premise that climate change is likely to lead to an increase in tropical cyclone activity) by Wang ...
Macron has threatened to veto the EU-South American trade deal if Brazils president-elect pulls out of the Paris Climate ... Macron Threatens to Veto EU-Mercosur Trade Deal If Brazils Tropical Trump Pulls out of Climate Accord. 478. Sean Gallup/ ... Latin AmericaLondon / EuropePoliticsBrazilEmmanuel MacronEU-Mercosur dealJair BolsonaroMercosurParis Climate AccordSouth ... Macron has caused upset in his country over his zealous adherence to the climate change agenda, with Yellow Jacket protesters ...
Hyperventilation Tetany in Tropical Climates. Br Med J 1941; 2 doi: https://doi.org/10.1136/bmj.2.4205.210 (Published 09 August ...
Tropical savanna climate or tropical wet and dry climate is a type of climate that corresponds to the Köppen climate ... In essence, a tropical savanna climate tends to either see less rainfall than a tropical monsoon climate or have more ... Tropical savanna climates are most commonly found in Africa, Asia and northern South America. The climate is also prevalent in ... Most places that have this climate are found at the outer margins of the tropical zone, but occasionally an inner-tropical ...
Mild Buenos Aires Climate of the Fertile Pampas Turning Tropical Average temperatures in the city have rose 1.8˚C, minimal ... Canziani said in another interview he compared climate data from Rio de Janeiro in the 1950s and with Buenos Aires data from ... Fair to note is the fact that whats happening to Buenos Aires falls exactly in line with the IPCCs predictions of climate ... This is not being called just weather or a bad summer: Buenos Aires climate, the mild temperate that gave birth to the ...
... mountain climber and physicist Mark Bowen follows researchers who are finding clues to climate change in high-altitude tropical ... Unlocking the Secrets of Climate in the Worlds Highest Mountain Ranges, ...
3. Climate Analysis and Thermal Behavior of Green Roof. 3.1. Climate Analysis. The climate approach used in the research that ... Thermal Behavior of Green Roofs Applied to Tropical Climate. Grace Tibério Cardoso1 and Francisco Vecchia2 ... M. Docherty and S. V. Szokolay, Climate Analysis. Brisbane, PLEA: Passive and Low Energy Architecture International, University ... thermal performance of six different extensive green roofs and reflective and non-reflective roofs in a sub-tropical climate," ...
Countys health department warns that the warming side effects of climate change could lead straight to an upswing in tropical ... He identified two tropical diseases: dengue fever, carried by mosquitos, and Chagas disease, spread by the blood-sucking " ... He says hes concerned that climate change is leading to warming temperatures, and that they in turn are "providing a habitat ... Inside an air-conditioned hearing with the Senate Environment and Public Works Committee, climate skeptics argued temperature ...
A tropical climate is a type of climate typical in the tropics. It is a damp climate in which all twelve months have mean ... Tropical Climates have almost continuous rainfall throughout the year, usually in the afternoon. ... Retrieved from "https://simple.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Tropical_climate&oldid=5208874" ...
Medical authorities say the implications for human health as a result of climate change are serious The old the sick and the ... Tropical diseases could be hidden risk of climate change. Sarah Clarke reported this story on Wednesday, January 16, 2013 08:09 ... SARAH CLARKE: The climate scientists have also delivered an outlook of more intense storms and extreme weather. Some of the low ... MARIA SIMON CHI FANG: Climate change for the Kiribati people is about losing our culture, losing our identity, everything that ...
  • On the lower-tech end of things, I was thinking that if it were cured properly, bamboo might make an excellent corrosion-proof replacement for rebar in reinforced concrete construction in temperate climates, as rebar tends to push concrete apart when it begins to rust, as bamboo does not and, therefore, will not. (permies.com)
  • Such storms are truly phenomena of the tropical oceans. (britannica.com)
  • The annual average of observed hurricanes and tropical storms in the North Atlantic has risen from 6 in the first part of the 20th century (white), to 10 after 1931 (mid blue) to 15 after 1995 (dark blue). (newscientist.com)
  • Climate change has triggered three major shifts in the number of tropical storms that rise up in the North Atlantic, according to a new analysis of 20th century records. (newscientist.com)
  • The first change came in 1905, starting a 25-year period with an average of 6.0 tropical storms or hurricanes per year. (newscientist.com)
  • They are least protected from climate-related disasters by savings or insurance, least able to access modern health care when diseases spread, and least able to move to safer locations when storms rage. (cgdev.org)
  • Because the 2005 season produced the largest number of TCs in the Atlantic basin regardless of the best estimate used to correct for missing storms in the earlier part of the record, we examine whether 28 TCs are close to the maximum possible number for the present climate of that basin. (sciencemag.org)
  • New information from researchers at MIT and Yale University predict that economic damages from tropical storms could more than quadruple by the year 2100. (scitechdaily.com)
  • However, the researchers say by the year 2100, two factors could more than quadruple the economic damages caused by tropical storms in such regions and around the world: growing income and global warming. (scitechdaily.com)
  • Since a tropical cyclone that may whip into a massive hurricane under certain weather conditions requires resolutions of a few kilometers, using climate models to simulate storms is highly problematic. (scitechdaily.com)
  • Although there is a lot of media coverage of the damage and destruction accompanying tropical storms and hurricanes, such storms can also have important benefits. (blogspot.com)
  • For example, landfalling tropical storms can be an important source of water, water that can lessen droughts and recharge underground aquifers. (blogspot.com)
  • The benefits of tropical storms and hurricanes doesn't end with rainfall. (blogspot.com)
  • Hurricanes and tropical storms produce overwash of sand, and without that the islands get skinnier and skinnier and might disappear as sea level rises. (blogspot.com)
  • Typically when those storms become extra-tropical the threat for severe weather decreases and the rain is heavy but not torrential. (blogspot.com)
  • Thin clouds at about 5 km altitude are more ubiquitous in the tropics than previously thought and they have a substantial cooling effect on climate. (eurekalert.org)
  • Using the satellite observations and high-resolution numerical modelling, we find that thin mid-level clouds are frequently formed in the tropics in the vicinity of deep convective clouds and that their cooling effect could be as large as the warming induced by high cirrus clouds", says lead author of the study Quentin Bourgeois, postdoctoral associate at the Department of Meteorology (MISU) and the Bolin Centre for Climate Research, Stockholm University. (eurekalert.org)
  • Tropical groundwater may prove to be a climate-resilient source of freshwater in the tropics as intense rainfall favours the replenishment of these resources, according to a new study published in Environmental Research Letters . (eurekalert.org)
  • Other influences on groundwater storage including excessive pumpage, substantial changes in total precipitation, and land-use change can undermine and overwhelm this resilience of groundwater resources in the tropics to climate change. (eurekalert.org)
  • Future research will explore how the combination of climate change and pumping will impact the availability of groundwater supplies across the tropics. (eurekalert.org)
  • A tropical climate is a type of climate typical in the tropics . (wikipedia.org)
  • But our model shows that these phenomena are equally weighted, that climate and weather at higher latitudes have as much of an influence on the tropics as tropical weather and climate influence the higher latitudes. (innovations-report.com)
  • According to the scenario depicted by the modeling experiments conducted by Liu and colleague Haijun Yang, the heat carried via the atmospheric bridges from the tropics to higher latitudes is reduced as a result of warming climate in the higher latitudes. (innovations-report.com)
  • When climate change caused the region to warm up, the cryptococcus began emerging in tropics-like concentrations, allowing the fungus to infect people's brains. (treehugger.com)
  • Geological oceanographer Matthew Schmidt and two of his graduate students teamed up with Ping Chang, a physical oceanographer and climate modeler, to help uncover an important climate connection between the tropics and the high latitude North Atlantic. (eponline.com)
  • When the tropics warmed, it altered climate patterns around the globe. (eponline.com)
  • We apply a multivariate model evaluation to the relationship between climate, vegetation and fire in the tropics using the JSBACH land surface model and two remote-sensing data sets, with the aim to identify the potential for model improvement. (biogeosciences.net)
  • Atmospheric circulation patterns drive convection in the tropics and can have a far-reaching effect on global climate. (summitcountyvoice.com)
  • Clouds play a pivotal role in determining the Earth's climate and radiation budget, yet we still have a lot to learn about them. (eurekalert.org)
  • Different types of clouds affect the Earth's climate differently: low liquid clouds, such as the cotton-like cumulus, cool the Earth while high altitude ice clouds, such as the wispy cirrus, warm the climate. (eurekalert.org)
  • What we found was that subsurface temperatures in the western tropical Atlantic rapidly warmed during cold periods in Earth's past," Schmidt explains. (eponline.com)
  • Evidence is mounting that the Earth's climate system has sensitive triggers that can cause abrupt and dramatic shifts in global climate," Schmidt said. (eponline.com)
  • It also tells us that it might be a good idea to monitor subsurface temperatures in the western tropical Atlantic to assess how the strength of the ocean conveyor might be changing over the next few decades as Earth's climate continues to warm. (eponline.com)
  • As the Earth's surface warms, climate models predict that the amount of fresh water for human consumption will likely decrease in parts of the globe. (populationmedia.org)
  • The low-latitute area of the western Pacific assumes an important role in Earth's climate system. (nii.ac.jp)
  • Aide, T.M.: 1993, 'Patterns of Leaf Development and Herbivory in a Tropical Understorey Community', Ecology 74 , 455-466. (springer.com)
  • The findings have implications for similar patterns in other tropical mountain species. (phys.org)
  • We evaluate the model using a multivariate comparison that allows us to focus on the interactions between climate, vegetation and fire and test the influence of land use change on the modelled patterns. (biogeosciences.net)
  • The model captures the broad spatial patterns with regional differences, which are partly due to the climate forcing derived from an Earth system model. (biogeosciences.net)
  • Distinguishing effects of unpredictable events from cyclical patterns can be challenging but important to predict the influence of press and pulse drivers in the face of climate change. (fiu.edu)
  • Ice cores draw the attention of climate researchers because the ratio of oxygen isotopes in the ice acts like a thermometer for past climate and sea surface temperatures. (yahoo.com)
  • Researchers say that subtle changes in climate over the last 40 years may be the reason it's infecting people much farther north. (treehugger.com)
  • Researchers at the University of Bayreuth and the European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC) in Stockholm have now discovered how climate change is facilitating the spread of the Chikungunya virus. (uni-bayreuth.de)
  • The researchers in Bayreuth and Stockholm used two different climate change scenarios. (uni-bayreuth.de)
  • Researchers at the International Center for Tropical Agriculture (CIAT) have shown that Brachiaria grass species can reduce greenhouse gas emissions from cattle and increase productivity - and breeding improved varieties can potentially augment the environmental and economic benefits. (wattsupwiththat.com)
  • In addition, CIAT researchers have identified mechanisms that this tropical grass uses to efficiently acquire nutrients from soil. (wattsupwiththat.com)
  • The readings provide viable insight and analysis, and should serve as inspiration for researchers not only interested in this problem but also in conducting studies of climate change impacts on ecosystems in other critical regions of the world. (nhbs.com)
  • In a paper published this week in Nature Climate Change, researchers developed a model to predict hurricanes around the world, looking at how hurricane activity might change in the next 100 years both with and without climate change. (scitechdaily.com)
  • Even in a world without climate change, where rates of greenhouse gas emissions remain stable, the researchers found that annual economic damages from hurricanes could double in the next century: Global population is expected to reach 9 billion by 2100, likely leading to more development along hurricane-prone coastlines. (scitechdaily.com)
  • Nicholas R. Polato et al, Narrow thermal tolerance and low dispersal drive higher speciation in tropical mountains, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (2018). (phys.org)
  • TONY EASTLEY: Given the long term predictions that we'll face more hotter days and extreme weather, medical authorities say the implications for human health as a result of climate change are very serious. (abc.net.au)
  • Increasing extreme events are also considered to be a result of climate warming, and they may have widespread and diverse effects on health, agriculture, economics, and political conflicts. (pnas.org)
  • The question of how tropical infectious diseases could spread as a result of climate change in Europe and other regions of the world has been a research priority of Bayreuth's biogeography team for more than a decade. (uni-bayreuth.de)
  • Still, the detection and quantification of climate change, both in observations and climate models, constitute a main focus of the scientific community. (pnas.org)
  • Kindel, B. C. , K. S. Schmidt , P. Pilewskie , B. A. Baum , P. Yang , and S. Platnick ( 2010 ), Observations and modeling of ice cloud shortwave spectral albedo during the Tropical Composition, Cloud and Climate Coupling Experiment (TC 4 ) , J. Geophys. (wiley.com)
  • This would predominantly affect tropical bird communities, especially species living in coastal and island habitats. (redorbit.com)
  • Å ekercioÄ lu says it is difficult to predict how habitat loss, emerging diseases, invasive species, hunting and pollution will combine with climate change to threaten tropical birds, although "in some cases habitat loss [from agriculture and development] can increase bird extinctions caused by climate change by nearly 50 percent. (redorbit.com)
  • Climate change already has caused some low-elevation birds to shift their ranges, either poleward or to higher elevations, causing problems for other species. (redorbit.com)
  • Nevertheless, climate change will not benefit many species. (redorbit.com)
  • And tomorrow environment reporter Sarah Clarke will look at the effect of climate change on Australia's plants and animal species. (abc.net.au)
  • Irreparable damage due to climate change, such as the drought, abnormal weather, rise in sea levels, expansion of infectious diseases, and extinction of species, is steadily spreading throughout the world. (scirp.org)
  • Still, the same traits that make tropical mountains among the most biodiverse ecosystems on Earth also make the species that live there more vulnerable to rapid climate changes, the study finds. (phys.org)
  • The research compares rates of species evolution in three types of aquatic stream insects-mayflies (Ephemeroptera), stoneflies (Plecoptera) and caddisflies (Trichoptera) - in temperate and tropical mountain areas. (phys.org)
  • We also found that they move less up and down the side of the mountain, and there are more species [on tropical mountains] as a result. (phys.org)
  • These animals do have other options besides a species crash, he said: they can migrate uphill or toward the poles to seek cooler climates, or they can evolve, and those with the best tolerance for heat would survive. (risingtidenorthamerica.org)
  • To calculate changes in carbon storage required identifying nearly 10,000 tree species and over two million measurements of tree diameter, across 24 tropical countries. (azocleantech.com)
  • We develop bioclimatic models of spatial distribution for the regionally endemic rainforest vertebrates and use these models to predict the effects of climate warming on species distributions. (royalsocietypublishing.org)
  • Further research is required to investigate the potential for transgenerational acclimation to provide an extra buffer for tropical marine species facing climate warming. (nerc.ac.uk)
  • In this study, sclerochronological and bio-geochemistry measurements in shell portions of several species of tropical bivalve shells collected from various sites were analyzed. (nii.ac.jp)
  • L.A. County's health department warns that the warming side effects of climate change could lead straight to an upswing in tropical disease across California. (scpr.org)
  • Fielding urged lawmakers to restore funding to the Centers for Disease Control to help local public health departments prepare for insect-borne diseases and other side effects of climate change. (scpr.org)
  • The direct effects of climate change on the organisms we studied appear to depend a lot more on the organisms' flexibility than on the amount of warming predicted for where they live," said co-author Joshua Tewksbury of the University of Washington. (risingtidenorthamerica.org)
  • Health effects of climate change. (ajtmh.org)
  • Tropical mountain vegetation is considered sensitive to climatic changes, so these consistent vegetation responses across widespread regions indicate persistent global-scale effects of climate warming and associated moisture-stresses. (cifor.org)
  • Using the best, most comprehensive models in existence, we could not obtain results that matched this past climate that we know existed," Huber said. (underwatertimes.com)
  • and 2) use assemblages in sediment cores to interpret past climate changes and tropical cyclone activity. (fiu.edu)
  • In August, the right-wing then-presidential candidate Bolsonaro said that he would follow U.S. President Donald Trump and pull out of the Paris climate deal, but his current position is currently reportedly unclear. (breitbart.com)
  • 'Tropical Trump' is harnessing racism to destroy the Amazon ("The pace of devastating rollbacks is mind-boggling. (bluevirginia.us)
  • Midwest voters in Trump country face historic floods and call for climate action ("Farm groups say the situation is worse than ever and that's causing pain in states that flipped from Obama to Trump. (bluevirginia.us)
  • Tropical Storm Cindy reminds Trump states that climate change is real. (rightwingnews.com)
  • PLOS Neglected Tropical Diseases is the top Open Access tropical medicine journal, featuring an International Editorial Board and increased support for developing country authors. (plos.org)
  • The prevailing wisdom, according to Zhengyu Liu, lead author of the paper and director of UW-Madison's Center for Climatic Research, was that climate and weather phenomena at higher latitudes tended to be static, with no far-reaching influence. (innovations-report.com)
  • The Center for Climatic Research at the University of Wisconsin-Madison is a leading center of research into world climate. (innovations-report.com)
  • The map shows how the regions which have climatic conditions that facilitate Chikungunya infection will intensify and grow (or subside) through the end of the 21st century if climate change is left largely unchecked. (uni-bayreuth.de)
  • This is especially true in the tropical Andes, which is a region with strong climatic gradients and topographical limits to water resources. (populationmedia.org)
  • The progressive president of France Emmanuel Macron has threatened to veto the European Union-South American trade deal if Brazil's president-elect Jair Bolsonaro pulls out of the Paris Climate Agreement. (breitbart.com)
  • This breakthrough allows for the acceleration of our breeding program for multiple traits, including the development of tropical forages that can help reduce greenhouse gas emissions and make farming more eco-efficient," said Joe Tohme, a senior scientist at CIAT and study co-author. (wattsupwiththat.com)
  • Today, tropical deforestation is responsible for 10% of human-caused greenhouse gas emissions . (bard.edu)
  • This is especially important because greenhouse gas emissions have been so high for the past century that we can't fight climate change just by reducing carbon pollution. (bard.edu)
  • The tropical and subtropical regions are important areas where severe weather and climate events and oceanic variations frequently occur. (clivar.org)
  • These findings support a 2001 theory by Kerry Emanuel, a professor of atmospheric science at Massachusetts Institute of Technology, and suggest that there is an additional factor to be included in climate models that may change predictions of future climate scenarios. (underwatertimes.com)
  • Here, we develop an approach based on network and percolation frameworks to study the impacts of climate changes in the past decades using historical models and reanalysis records, and we analyze the expected upcoming impacts using various future global warming scenarios. (pnas.org)
  • One of the two scenarios assumes that climate change will progress moderately and that the IPCC target of 2 degrees Celsius per year will only be slightly missed. (uni-bayreuth.de)
  • Per capita water availability is evaluated along topographic gradients for the present and for future scenarios of population growth and climate change. (www.gov.uk)
  • The world cannot meet this pledge without stopping tropical deforestation. (cgdev.org)
  • Adds to the understanding of pedospheric processes in tropical ecosystems and how to better use soils as a sink for carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases. (nhbs.com)
  • An assessment of the effectiveness of existing adaptation policy measures and the extent to which they apply to the Tropical Andes. (grida.no)
  • Although he says consumers are not yet used to exotic businesses like his, he believes both consumers and entrepreneurs are slowly starting to understand that climate adaptation also offers some opportunities. (dw.com)
  • Seymour and Busch show how international support for efforts to stop deforestation can advance transparency and accountability, resulting in a triple win for sustainable development, climate stability, and good governance. (cgdev.org)
  • Articles (III) and (IV) examine the role of carbon-based policy instruments in the presence of taxes on land incomes in curbing tropical deforestation. (helsinki.fi)
  • The carbon payments may complement these taxes, and an effective policy to combat tropical deforestation should jointly target forestry and cash-crop sectors. (helsinki.fi)
  • In view of the better stability in tropical climates, similar cost, fewer side effects and comparative efficacy, parenteral oxytocin, rather than parenteral ergometrine, is the drug of choice in the prevention and treatment of postpartum haemorrhage. (who.int)
  • TCs are very likely being artificially prevented from intensifying in a warmer climate in the Knutson et al study because of this. (realclimate.org)
  • Hence the amount of modelled carbon release in warm El Nino years, for instance, is a strong indicator across climate models to their modelled "die-back" risk in a future generally warmer world. (ceh.ac.uk)
  • If we limit climate change they can continue to store a large amount of carbon in a warmer world. (azocleantech.com)