A climate which is typical of equatorial and tropical regions, i.e., one with continually high temperatures with considerable precipitation, at least during part of the year. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)
The aggregate of various economic, political, and social policies by which an imperial power maintains or extends its control over other areas or peoples. It includes the practice of or belief in acquiring and retaining colonies. The emphasis is less on its identity as an ideological political system than on its designation in a period of history. (Webster, 3d ed; from Dr. J. Cassedy, NLM History of Medicine Division)
The name of two islands of the West Indies, separated by a narrow channel. Their capital is Basse-Terre. They were discovered by Columbus in 1493, occupied by the French in 1635, held by the British at various times between 1759 and 1813, transferred to Sweden in 1813, and restored to France in 1816. Its status was changed from colony to a French overseas department in 1946. Columbus named it in honor of the monastery of Santa Maria de Guadalupe in Spain. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p470 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p221)
A former branch of knowledge embracing the study, description, and classification of natural objects (as animals, plants, and minerals) and thus including the modern sciences of zoology, botany, and mineralogy insofar as they existed at that time. In the 17th, 18th, and 19th centuries it was much used for the generalized pursuit of certain areas of science. (Webster, 3d ed; from Dr. James H. Cassedy, NLM History of Medicine Division)
The longterm manifestations of WEATHER. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)
A measure of the amount of WATER VAPOR in the air.
Any significant change in measures of climate (such as temperature, precipitation, or wind) lasting for an extended period (decades or longer). It may result from natural factors such as changes in the sun's intensity, natural processes within the climate system such as changes in ocean circulation, or human activities.
Divisions of the year according to some regularly recurrent phenomena usually astronomical or climatic. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)
The effect of GLOBAL WARMING and the resulting increase in world temperatures. The predicted health effects of such long-term climatic change include increased incidence of respiratory, water-borne, and vector-borne diseases.
A climate characterized by COLD TEMPERATURE for a majority of the time during the year.
Increase in the temperature of the atmosphere near the Earth's surface and in the troposphere, which can contribute to changes in global climate patterns.
A functional system which includes the organisms of a natural community together with their environment. (McGraw Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)
Water particles that fall from the ATMOSPHERE.
Works containing information articles on subjects in every field of knowledge, usually arranged in alphabetical order, or a similar work limited to a special field or subject. (From The ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983)
The motion of air relative to the earth's surface.
El Nino-Southern Oscillation or ENSO is a cycle of extreme alternating warm El Niño and cold La Nina events which is the dominant year-to-year climate pattern on Earth. Both terms refer to large-scale changes in sea-surface temperature across the eastern tropical Pacific. ENSO is associated with a heightened risk of certain vector-borne diseases. (From http://www.elnino.noaa.gov/lanina_new_faq.html, accessed 5/12/2020)
The solid substance formed by the FREEZING of water.
A thick mass of ICE formed over large regions of land; RIVERS; LAKES; ponds; or SEAWATER.
Diseases that are underfunded and have low name recognition but are major burdens in less developed countries. The World Health Organization has designated six tropical infectious diseases as being neglected in industrialized countries that are endemic in many developing countries (HELMINTHIASIS; LEPROSY; LYMPHATIC FILARIASIS; ONCHOCERCIASIS; SCHISTOSOMIASIS; and TRACHOMA).
The branch of medicine concerned with diseases, mainly of parasitic origin, common in tropical and subtropical regions.
The property of objects that determines the direction of heat flow when they are placed in direct thermal contact. The temperature is the energy of microscopic motions (vibrational and translational) of the particles of atoms.
Infections or infestations with parasitic organisms. They are often contracted through contact with an intermediate vector, but may occur as the result of direct exposure.
Woody, usually tall, perennial higher plants (Angiosperms, Gymnosperms, and some Pterophyta) having usually a main stem and numerous branches.
The science of developing, caring for, or cultivating forests.
Non-frontal low-pressure systems over tropical or sub-tropical waters with organized convection and definite pattern of surface wind circulation.
The flow of water in enviromental bodies of water such as rivers, oceans, water supplies, aquariums, etc. It includes currents, tides, and waves.
A great expanse of continuous bodies of salt water which together cover more than 70 percent of the earth's surface. Seas may be partially or entirely enclosed by land, and are smaller than the five oceans (Atlantic, Pacific, Indian, Arctic, and Antarctic).
Degree of saltiness, which is largely the OSMOLAR CONCENTRATION of SODIUM CHLORIDE plus any other SALTS present. It is an ecological factor of considerable importance, influencing the types of organisms that live in an ENVIRONMENT.
A vertical distance measured from a known level on the surface of a planet or other celestial body.
A sport involving mountain climbing techniques.
The variety of all native living organisms and their various forms and interrelationships.
An acute febrile disease transmitted by the bite of AEDES mosquitoes infected with DENGUE VIRUS. It is self-limiting and characterized by fever, myalgia, headache, and rash. SEVERE DENGUE is a more virulent form of dengue.

Geography of intestinal permeability and absorption. (1/1413)

BACKGROUND: Intestinal morphology and function vary geographically. AIMS: These functions were assessed in asymptomatic volunteers in European, North American, Middle Eastern, Asian, African, and Caribbean countries. METHODS: Five hour urine collections were obtained from each subject following ingestion of a 100 ml iso-osmolar test solution containing 3-0-methyl-D-glucose, D-xylose, L-rhamnose, and lactulose after an overnight fast, to assess active (3-0-methyl-D-glucose) and passive (D-xylose) carrier mediated, and non-mediated (L-rhamnose) absorption capacity, as well as intestinal permeability (lactulose:rhamnose ratio). RESULTS: A comparison of results for subjects from tropical countries (n=218) with those resident in the combined temperate and subtropical region (Europe, United States, Qatar) (n=224) showed significant differences. Residents in tropical areas had a higher mean lactulose:rhamnose ratio and lower mean five hour recoveries of 3-0-methyl-D-glucose, D-xylose, and L-rhamnose, indicating higher intestinal permeability and lower absorptive capacity. Investigation of visiting residents suggested that differences in intestinal permeability and absorptive capacity were related to the area of residence. Subjects from Texas and Qatar, although comprised of several ethnic groups and resident in a subtropical area, showed no significant difference from European subjects. CONCLUSIONS: There are clearly demarcated variations in intestinal permeability and absorptive capacity affecting asymptomatic residents of different geographical areas which correspond with the condition described as tropical enteropathy. Results suggest the importance of environmental factors. The parameters investigated may be relevant to the predisposition of the indigenous population and travellers to diarrhoeal illness and malnutrition. Intestinal function in patients from the tropics may be difficult to interpret, but should take into account the range of values found in the asymptomatic normal population.  (+info)

Independent evaluation of the Nigrosin-Eosin modification of the Kato-Katz technique. (2/1413)

A new modified quantitative Kato-Katz thick-smear technique for the detection of helminth eggs in faeces preserves hookworm eggs unaltered for a long time, while with the classic Kato-Katz technique, they disappear after approximately 2 h in tropical climates and thus slides must be read within hours after sample collection. For an independent comparison of these two laboratory techniques, faecal smears from 263 school children were examined in two surveys and prevalence, intensity of infection and costs of surveys calculated. There was no statistical difference between the methods in detecting prevalence and stratification of the sample in different classes of intensity. While there was no statistical difference for the arithmetic mean of the epg for T. trichiura and only a small difference for A. lumbricoides (P=0.04), we observed a highly significant difference for hookworm mean intensities of infections (P<0.001). From the public health viewpoint both methods provided similar results, but due to its simplicity and widespread use the classical Kato-Katz technique remains first choice for community investigation of soil-transmitted nematodes. However, the Nigrosin-Eosin approach has several advantages and can be a valuable alternative in certain circumstances.  (+info)

Transgenic plants for tropical regions: some considerations about their development and their transfer to the small farmer. (3/1413)

Biotechnological applications, especially transgenic plants, probably hold the most promise in augmenting agricultural production in the first decades of the next millennium. However, the application of these technologies to the agriculture of tropical regions where the largest areas of low productivity are located, and where they are most needed, remains a major challenge. In this paper, some of the important issues that need to be considered to ensure that plant biotechnology is effectively transferred to the developing world are discussed.  (+info)

Gardenification of tropical conserved wildlands: multitasking, multicropping, and multiusers. (4/1413)

Tropical wildlands and their biodiversity will survive in perpetuity only through their integration into human society. One protocol for integration is to explicitly recognize conserved tropical wildlands as wildland gardens. A major way to facilitate the generation of goods and services by a wildland garden is to generate a public-domain Yellow Pages for its organisms. Such a Yellow Pages is part and parcel of high-quality search-and-delivery from wildland gardens. And, as they and their organisms become better understood, they become higher quality biodiversity storage devices than are large freezers. One obstacle to wildland garden survival is that specific goods and services, such as biodiversity prospecting, lack development protocols that automatically shunt the profits back to the source. Other obstacles are that environmental services contracts have the unappealing trait of asking for the payment of environmental credit card bills and implying delegation of centralized governmental authority to decentralized social structures. Many of the potential conflicts associated with wildland gardens may be reduced by recognizing two sets of social rules for perpetuating biodiversity and ecosystems, one set for the wildland garden and one set for the agroscape. In the former, maintaining wildland biodiversity and ecosystem survival in perpetuity through minimally damaging use is paramount, while in the agroscape, wild biodiversity and ecosystems are tools for a healthy and productive agroecosystem, and the loss of much of the original is acceptable.  (+info)

Case studies in international medicine. (5/1413)

Family physicians in the United States are increasingly called on to manage the complex clinical problems of newly arrived immigrants and refugees. Case studies and discussions are provided in this article to update physicians on the diagnosis and management of potentially unfamiliar ailments, including strongyloidiasis, hookworm infection, cysticercosis, clonorchiasis and tropical pancreatitis. Albendazole and ivermectin, two important drugs in the treatment of some worm infections, are now available in the United States.  (+info)

Soil bacterial community shift correlated with change from forest to pasture vegetation in a tropical soil. (6/1413)

The change in vegetative cover of a Hawaiian soil from forest to pasture led to significant changes in the composition of the soil bacterial community. DNAs were extracted from both soil habitats and compared for the abundance of guanine-plus-cytosine (G+C) content, by analysis of abundance of phylotypes of small-subunit ribosomal DNA (SSU rDNA) amplified from fractions with 63 and 35% G+C contents, and by phylogenetic analysis of the dominant rDNA clones in the 63% G+C content fraction. All three methods showed differences between the forest and pasture habitats, providing evidence that vegetation had a strong influence on microbial community composition at three levels of taxon resolution. The forest soil DNA had a peak in G+C content of 61%, while the DNA of the pasture soil had a peak in G+C content of 67%. None of the dominant phylotypes found in the forest soil were detected in the pasture soil. For the 63% G+C fraction SSU rDNA sequence analysis of the three most dominant members revealed that their phyla changed from Fibrobacter and Syntrophomonas assemblages in the forest soil to Burkholderia and Rhizobium-Agrobacterium assemblages in the pasture soil.  (+info)

Predicting malaria infection in Gambian children from satellite data and bed net use surveys: the importance of spatial correlation in the interpretation of results. (7/1413)

In line with the renewed World Health Organization Global Malaria Control Strategy, we have advocated the use of satellite imagery by control services to provide environmental information for malaria stratification, monitoring, and early warning. To achieve this operationally, appropriate methodologies must be developed for integrating environmental and epidemiologic data into models that can be used by decision-makers for improved resource allocation. Using methodologies developed for the Famine Early Warning Systems and spatial statistics, we show a significant association between age related malaria infection in Gambian children and the amount of seasonal environmental greenness as measured using the normalized difference vegetation index derived from satellite data. The resulting model is used to predict changes in malaria prevalence rates in children resulting from different bed net control scenarios.  (+info)

Chemotherapy of malaria and resistance to antimalarial drugs in Guayana area, Venezuela. (8/1413)

Resistance to antimalarial chemotherapy is one of the greatest difficulties for the control of malaria transmission. Seventy patients with Plasmodium falciparum malaria were included in a study of resistance to chloroquine and sulfadoxine-pyrimethamine therapy. Resistance levels RI, RII, and RIII were established. Eighteen infections (51%) cleared after chloroquine treatment and did not recur within 28 days of follow-up; these were classified as sensitive. Ten infections (29%) were resistant at the RI level. Resistance at level RII was observed in 5 (14%) cases, and RIII resistance was demonstrated in 2 infections (6%). With sulfadoxine-pyrimethamine, 28 (80%) infections were classified as sensitive. Six infections (17%) showed resistance at level RII, and 1 (3%) infection was resistant at the RI level. Resistance at level RIII was not observed. In a microtest for chloroquine and sulfadoxine-pyrimethamine sensitivity in vitro, schizont development was accomplished successfully in 70 blood samples. In vitro resistance to chloroquine was demonstrated in 15 of 70 (21%) of all isolates. Eight of 70 (11%) of all isolates showed resistance to sulfadoxine-pyrimethamine. Diversity of response of P. falciparum to the studied antimalarial drugs in the Guayana area of Venezuela is considered a problem restricting the control of malaria in this geographical area. A constant evaluation program monitoring P. falciparum drug sensitivity is necessary for preserving the efficacy of the established treatment.  (+info)

Forest dynamics plots, which now span longitudes, latitudes, and habitat types across the globe, offer unparalleled insights into the ecological and evolutionary processes that determine how species are assembled into communities. Understanding phylogenetic relationships among species in a community has become an important component of assessing assembly processes. However, the application of evolutionary information to questions in community ecology has been limited in large part by the lack of accurate estimates of phylogenetic relationships among individual species found within communities, and is particularly limiting in comparisons between communities. Therefore, streamlining and maximizing the information content of these community phylogenies is a priority. To test the viability and advantage of a multi-community phylogeny, we constructed a multi-plot mega-phylogeny of 1347 species of trees across 15 forest dynamics plots in the ForestGEO network using DNA barcode sequence data (rbcL, matK, and
Tropical Biomes of the World Tropical Evergreen Forests (rain forests) Tropical Deciduous Forests (seasonal forests or monsoon forests) Tropical Scrub Forests Tropical Grasslands Tropical Rain Forests
TROPICAL RAIN FORESTS OF THE WORLD VOCABULARY: lines of latitude - lines that run east-west on a globe; parallel to the equator LATITUDES OF TROPICAL RAIN FOREST REGIONS: Lines of latitude show how far
All About Tropical Climates - Learn Fun Natural Science Facts about the Tropical Climates. More Earth Science Fun Facts at our Easy Science for Kids Website
To evaluate an artificial insemination program in postpartum Bos indicus cows and by using deterministic models, to estimate the possible economic advantages of insemination by appointment over detected estrus, sixty-three multiparous animals were synchronized using a progestagen device inserted at day 31 and withdrawn after 9 days (average time for withdrawal was 40.9 ± 6.8 days). Cows were observed continuously from 0700 to 1800 during 72 h. The percentage of animals detected positive to estrus by riding behavior was 43.4%, transrectal palpation, 22% and heat detector patches, 4.6%. The percentage of cows ovulating as evidenced by progesterone samples taken at 9 and 11 days after the average estrus response was 73%. The economical assessment by using the values obtained in the present study afforded that the cost of semen, ovulation rate and fertility point to a definitive advantage of using AI at fixed time over a program based on estrus detection.
The answer is as follows: a) The engine room in the Victoria class submarines contains large diesel engines that operate, when required, in a confined space that receives minimal cooling air. Like all the machinery rooms in Canadian warships operating under tropical conditions, the peak temperatures were uncomfortable. Submarines pose the greatest challenge in this regard, since, by design, they do not have regular access to outside air. For this reason, along with most modern machinery spaces, the Victoria class submarines have an automated engine room and the need for the continuous presence of engine room operators is limited.. b) This was the Canadian Navys first experience of operating a Victoria class submarine under tropical conditions. The data collected to date suggests that the environmental conditions, tropical or temperate, do not significantly influence the engine room temperature since the majority of outside air introduced to the space is devoted to supporting combustion in the ...
Development condition: The solvent is allowed to migrate until the front reaches a line 15 cm from the starting line.. Detection: The plate is examined under ultraviolet light at a wavelength of maximum output at about 254 nm and then at 365 nm. After spraying the plate with a 20% solution of nitric acid, heating at 110-120 °C, cooling and again spraying with a 5% solution of potassium hydroxide in ethane 50%, it is examined in daylight.. Results: The reference solution of senna leaf shows numerous spots of different intensities. Important changes are observed after procedures A and B, some spots disappear and new ones occur.. ...
Development conditions: The solvent is allowed to migrate until the front reaches a line 15 cm from the starting line.. Detection: The plate is examined under ultraviolet light at a wavelength of maximum output at about 254 nm, then left in a chromatographic chamber containing some iodine crystals until spots appear. A second plate is sprayed with a 5% solution of phosphomolybdic acid in acetic acid containing 5% of sulfuric acid.. Results: A reference solution of hydrocortisone sodium succinate shows a main spot and several weak secondary spots; the spot at Rf 0.18 corresponds to hydrocortisone, another at Rf 0.58. A solution of the sample subjected to procedure A shows that the spot at Rf 0.18 decreases, whereas the spot at Rf 0.58 increases. After procedure B, the change is even more significant.. ...
A simple and robust technique for the extraction of DNA under tropical field conditions is described. It requires minimal equipment and is based on lysing cells in whole blood and precipitating the nuclei containing the DNA by centrifugation. The DNA solution can be stored in guanidinium buffer for many months without being refrigerated. Further purification of the DNA can then be carried out in a laboratory with facilities for ultracentrifugation by banding the DNA through cesium chloride. This method yields DNA of sufficient quality and purity for Southern blotting and probing and alleviates the need to transport whole blood between different countries and laboratories.. ...
Skiba, U.; Fowler, D.; Smith, K.A.. 1996 Nitric oxide emissions from agricultural soils in temperate and tropical climates: sources, controls and mitigation options. [Speech] In: International workshop on NOx emission from soils and its influence on Atmospheric Chemistry, Tsukuba, Japan, 4-6 March 1996. (Unpublished) Full text not available from this repository. (Request a copy ...
Palm Trees in tropical climate Clear iPhone Case by Ib Photography. Worldwide shipping available at Society6.com. Just one of millions of high quality products available.
Climate change is affecting biodiversity and ecosystem function worldwide, and the lowland tropics are of special concern because organisms living in this region experience temperatures that are close to their upper thermal limits. However, it remains unclear how and whether tropical lowland species will be able to cope with the predicted pace of climate warming. Additionally, there is growing interest in examining how quickly thermal physiological traits have evolved across taxa, and whether thermal physiological traits are evolutionarily conserved or labile. We measured critical thermal maximum (CTmax) and minimum (CTmin) in 56 species of lowland Amazonian frogs to determine the extent of phylogenetic conservatism in tolerance to heat and cold, and to predict species vulnerability to climate change. The species we studied live in sympatry and represent ~65% of the known alpha diversity at our study site. Given that critical thermal limits may have evolved differently in response to different
article{d43571e8-9404-4105-995f-39f0d1776da2, author = {Hicks, Lettice C and Meir, Patrick and Nottingham, Andrew T and Reay, Dave S and Stott, Andrew W and Salinas, Norma and Whitaker, Jeanette}, issn = {0038-0717}, language = {eng}, pages = {212--222}, publisher = {Elsevier}, series = {Soil Biology and Biochemistry}, title = {Carbon and nitrogen inputs differentially affect priming of soil organic matter in tropical lowland and montane soils}, url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.soilbio.2018.10.015}, doi = {10.1016/j.soilbio.2018.10.015}, volume = {129}, year = {2019 ...
Today, about 6 percent of the surface of Earth is covered in rainforests, and more than half of all the worlds plant and animal species live in them. The shear biomass of plants in the rainforest help produce about 40 percent of Earths oxygen.. Estimates of the Earths biodiversity originally came from studies in Panama, where tree species were logged and the number of insects within them categorized and counted. Estimates range from 10 to 100 million species on earth, most of them being insects found in the tropical rain forests.. The tropical rainforests have more kinds of trees than any other biome in the world. In a rainforest in South America, scientists counted from 100 to 300 species of tree in 2.5 acre sections of the forest. Not all plants in the rainforest are trees though. While they are the easiest to observe, there is a great diversity of epiphytes, plants that live on other plants, that make the rainforest their home. Plants like orchids live on rainforest trees high in the ...
The future of tropical biodiversity depends on how human-modified landscapes are managed, but keeping track of how species respond to management is challenging. Remote automated technologies offer opportunities to sample biodiversity rapidly, but are only now being trialled in tropical environments where ecological data is often lacking.. Tropical bats are diverse, filling numerous ecological niches and providing ecosystem services such as pest control, pollination and seed dispersal. Logging exerts subtle changes on bat assemblages and in fragmented habitats local extinctions and diversity declines are reported. Despite these impacts, surprisingly little is known about bat responses to land-use change, largely because they are poorly surveyed compared to larger, charismatic vertebrates. Inventories rely on cumbersome live-trapping, which can be limited to accessible areas, and prone to problems in detectability in converted habitats. Thus, it is difficult to ascertain whether anecdotal declines ...
Global conservation targets should not be met at the cost of the worlds poor. The first study to evaluate a policy aiming to compensate local people for the costs of conservation has revealed that, despite good intentions, the poor have lost out.. Tropical forests are important to all of us on the planet. As well as being home for rare and fascinating biodiversity (like the lemurs of Madagascar), tropical forests lock up enormous amounts of carbon helping to stabilise our climate. However tropical forests are also home to many hundreds of thousands of people whose lives can be affected by international conservation policies.. Multilateral donors such as the World Bank have made clear commitments that those negatively impacted by their projects should be compensated. This includes those affected by conservation projects such as those intended to slow climate change by preventing tropical deforestation (a scheme known as REDD+ or Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation). ...
The effects of historical land use on tropical forest must be examined to understand present forest characteristics and to plan conservation strategies. We compared the effects of past land use, topography, soil type, and other environmental variables on tree species composition in a subtropical wet forest in the Luquillo Mountains, Puerto Rico. The study involved stems , 10 cm diameter measured at 130 cm above the ground, within the 16-ha Luquillo Forest Dynamics Plot (LFDP), and represents the forest at the time Hurricane Hugo struck in 1989. Topography in the plot is rugged, and soils are variable. Historical documents and local residents described past land uses such as clear-felling and selective logging followed by farming, fruit and coffee production, and timber stand improvement in the forest area that now includes the LFDP. These uses ceased 40-60 yr before the study, but their impacts could be differentiated by percent canopy cover seen in aerial photographs from 1936. Using these ...
Forests are often subject to multiple, compounded disturbances, representing both natural and human-induced processes. Predicting forest dynamics requires that we consider how these disturbances interact to affect species demography. Here we present results of an individual-based, spatially explicit forest simulator that we developed to analyze the compounded effects of hurricane disturbance and land use legacies on the dynamics of a subtropical forest. We used data from the 16-ha Luquillo Forest Dynamics Plot in Puerto Rico, together with a reconstruction of historical wind damage, to parameterize the simulator. We used the model to ask two questions. (1) What are the implications of variation in hurricane frequency and severity for the long-term dynamics of forest composition, diversity, and structure? Both storm severity and frequency had striking effects on forest dynamics, composition, and structure. The periodicity of disturbance also played an important role, with periods of high ...
Amazing pictures of 8 Pictures Of Tropical Rainforest Pictures Of Plants is totally great for your biological science knowledge. The image Resolution 800 x 1066 px and the image size only 131 kb. Click the thumbnail to see the larger version.. Tagged with: flowers of tropical rainforest, plants in tropical forest, tropical rainforest pictures of plants, tropical rainforest plant, tropical rainforest plant species, .. ...
Its not just that tropical forests are being rapidly destroyed but ... Its astonishing how insidious many of the threats are said Peres. ...The editors define four categories of emerging threats to tropical for... Many of the emerging threats to tropical forests become apparent only... We immediately notice when forests burn or trees come crashing down ...,The,subtleties,of,tropical,forest,demise,biological,biology news articles,biology news today,latest biology news,current biology news,biology newsletters
From an earlier post, relevant here:. This is arguably the most important topic to get red-pilled on, as our bad diet is the foundation upon which the (((medical mafia))) rests. To be blunt: Humans are eating the wrong diet for our species, and it is causing a wide range of bad side-effects. This is counter to many, if not most, academic teachings. But luckily, we can reason through this pretty simply.. Look at your body. Very little hair. You wouldnt survive the night, let alone the winter, in most parts of the world before the advent of fire and tools. We were designed, by evolution, for the tropics. Our bodies evolved for millions of years to be suited to that environment. Humans are a tropical species, and our diet should reflect that. In a tropical environment with no fire, no tools, what would you eat? Raw chickens? Grass? The milk of a grazing species? No! Wed eat fruit! Its just lying there on the ground or hanging from the trees! Just like most primates.. In short, modern humans ...
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Geckos are remarkable little creatures, clinging to almost any dry surface, and Alyssa Stark, from the University of Akron, USA, explains that they appear to be equally happy scampering through tropical rainforest canopies as they are in urban settings. A lot of work is done on geckos that looks at the very small adhesive structures on their toes to really understand how the system works at the most basic level, says Stark. She adds that the animals grip surfaces with microscopic hairs on the soles of their feet that make close enough contact to be attracted to the surface by the minute van der Waals forces between atoms. However, she and her colleagues Timothy Sullivan and Peter Niewiarowski were curious about how the lizards cope on surfaces in their natural habitat.. Explaining that previous studies had focused on the reptiles clinging to artificial dry surfaces, Stark says We know they are in tropical environments that probably have a lot of rain and its not like the geckos fall out of ...
Aceptado: 07 febrero 2012. Abstract. Indigenous knowledge and the millenary experience in management of natural vegetation on karstic landscapes are important aspects that should be considered in animal production in seasonal tropical environments. The aim of the present work was to make an inventory of native plants associated to soilscapes from seasonal tropical forests from the Yucatán Peninsula that are used as forage by Mayan people. The work was carried out in 27 Mayan communities on karst landscapes in the Yucatán Peninsula as a part of the Ethnoflora Yucatanense project of the Universidad Autónoma de Yucatán. Samples were taken of forage plants together with corresponding floristic and ethnobotanical information. Data were processed in EXCEL dynamic tables, grouped by plant family, geoforms and soils, life form and animal consumers. Results indicate that Mayan communities use 196 plant species as forage: 139 herbaceous, 17 shrubs, 35 trees and 2 palms. These plants are fed to cows, ...
1) The Amazon River. Amazon River is the worlds longest river. Its also the largest by volume. It has over 3000 species of fish. 60% of the Amazon Rainforest is in this country. This rain forest represents over half of the worlds remaining tropical rain forests. You should also know its the largest and most diverse of tropical rain forests. This scenery will provide you with fantastic aerial views that you can shoot with your drone.. 2) Pantanal Swamp. If you are a fun of wildlife, Pantanal swamp is another place you should visit in Brasil. It is home to plenty of wildlife, for example, it hosts the worlds largest Jaguar population. This vast wetland blessed with natural beauty is one place you can carry out incredible aerial video shooting.. 3) Salvador Beaches. Salvador is one place that you should not fail visit. Thats because of its vibrant music scenes and fantastic beaches that originate from calm inlets. You will enjoy swimming, sailing, and diving. If you enjoy surfing, its open ...
At the global scale, species diversity is known to strongly increase towards the equator for most taxa. According to theory, a higher resource specificity of consumers facilitates the coexistence of a larger number of species and has been suggested as an explanation for the latitudinal diversity
INTRODUCTION. Phosphorus (P) is one of the most limiting nutrients for the productivity of the majority of crops grown on the highly weathered soils of tropical environments (Novais & Smyth, 1999). Particularly, in soils under forest cover and pasture, organic forms of P (Po) may represent 15 to 37 % of total extracted P, and 41 to 87 % of the total labile P is in organic form (Cunha et al., 2007). Under these conditions, Po becomes a major source of P to plants through decomposition and mineralization of the labile Po fraction, which is easily mineralized, thereby contributing to the availability of P to plants (Gatiboni, 2003; George et al., 2006).. Soil Po is derived from microorganism, plant or animal residues and can be recycled by the microbial biomass or stabilized in the mineral phase of the soil (Ohel et al., 2004). As proposed by McGill & Cole (1981), mineralization can be divided into two processes: 1) biochemical mineralization in which inorganic phosphorus (Pi) is released from ...
Protected tropical forest biodiversity under threat. A new study shows that biodiversity levels in tropical forests are still declining despite having protected area status.
The Revista Chapingo Serie Ciencias Forestales y del Ambiente (RCHSCFA) is a scientific journal that aims to raise awareness of high-quality research products related to forest, arid, temperate and tropical environments in the world. Since its foundation in 1994, the RCHSCFA has served as a space for scientific dissemination and discussion at a national and international level among academics, researchers, undergraduate and graduate students, forest managers and public/private entities that are interested in the forest environment
The Revista Chapingo Serie Ciencias Forestales y del Ambiente (RCHSCFA) is a scientific journal that aims to raise awareness of high-quality research products related to forest, arid, temperate and tropical environments in the world. Since its foundation in 1994, the RCHSCFA has served as a space for scientific dissemination and discussion at a national and international level among academics, researchers, undergraduate and graduate students, forest managers and public/private entities that are interested in the forest environment
Prerequisites: BIOL 3329, and one of BIOL 3308, PSYC 2350 or MATH 1216 and application to the Department.. This course provides students with an opportunity to study is be a field trip to a tropical location where students are able to immerse themselves in a tropical environment. Prior to departure students present and attend seminars on subjects pertinent to the ecology of the tropical field site to be visited. Students design a research project on some aspect of tropical ecology prior to departure to the tropical site, collect data for the project while in the tropics and write a report on the research upon return to Saint Marys University. Note: Students are responsible for travel and living costs associated with the course, as well as tuition. Enrolment is limited and admission is by application to the Biology Department. Contact the Biology Chairperson for details. This course occurs over a period of 10-12 days and nights at an off-campus location. ...
Thus on the basis of existing evidence, Eastern Europe now reveals the same pattern as Western Europe with respect to the transition from Neanderthals to modern humans. Modern humans appear to represent an intrusive population with clear affinities to earlier Homo sapiens in Africa and the Near East that replaced the local Neanderthal population.. Among the morphological contrasts between the Eastern European modern humans and their Neanderthal predecessors, the evidence for climatic adaptation in the postcranial skeleton is particularly striking. The high brachial and crural indices for the modern humans from Kostenki and Sungir are consistent with a patter of adaptation to temperate and tropical environments among modern population.. following the prediction of Allens rule concerning the length of extremities. The overall shape and size of the body of the adult male from Kotenski XIV (small and thin) seems to conform to both Bergmanns and Allenss rules for warm climate adaptations ...
Studies on urban space especially within the context of urban tropical environments took a new dimension in the wake of the United Nations Conference on the Environment and Development held in Rio in 1992. Geographical or related studies, which have treated this notion in the African context, have generally stuck to the existence of myriad problems perceived as constraints to city life such as difficulties related to housing, insufficient supply of potable water, poor drainage and waste disposal, urban transport difficulty, and all types of pollutions.. However, to limit urban space in Africa only to these problems does not seem to constitute a firm scientific research objective, because this urban space is a social structure that, in its functioning, influences the life of the city dweller. For the reason that sufficient attention has been centered on the functioning of these tropical cities as living organisms where human beings subsist in interdependence with one another, we therefore, in ...
Final year student Ethan Wong is studying for a Bachelor of Science majoring in Tropical Environment Biology and Microbiology at Monash University, Malaysia campus. He has previously been on exchange to Singapore and is currently on exchange at Warwick with Global Sustainable Development for the 2019/20 spring term.. ...
The Association for Tropical Biology (ATB) was founded in 1963 to promote research and to foster the exchange of ideas among biologists working in tropical environments. The ATB has built its reputation on the publication of a high-quality, widely-cited journal, BIOTROPICA, and on the sponsorship of international symposia on diverse tropical issues. It also co-publishes an international newsletter, with news for tropical biologists ...
Swim Assessment. Goldfish Swim School believes in the Science of SwimPlay: Kids grow and learn against the backdrop of our tropical environment and shiver-free pools!
Final year student Ethan is studying for a Bachelor of Science majoring in Tropical Environment Biology and Microbiology at Monash University.. ...
It appears to be in the tropics and subtropics where poor quality forage intake by cattle is low without supplementation and where significant responses in feed intake occurs when a non-protein nitrogen deficiency is corrected and extra protein that escapes rumen fermentation is provided in the diet. It is strongly stressed that supplementation with urea and proteinmeals increases voluntary intake of poor quality forages by cattle under tropical conditions to approximately the same level of intake as unsupplemented cattle under temperate conditions (Leng, 1989b). In this situation the supplement is only correcting a depressed intake back to normal intake ...
The region has a tropical climate and depends on monsoons for rainfall. According to the Köppen climate classification, it has a non-arid climate with minimum mean temperatures of 18 °C (64 °F).[35] The most humid is the tropical monsoon climate characterised by moderate to high year-round temperatures and seasonal heavy rainfall above 2,000 mm (79 in) per year. The tropical climate is experienced in a strip of south-western lowlands abutting the Malabar Coast, the Western Ghats and the islands of Lakshadweep and Andaman and Nicobar are also subject to this climate.[36] The tropical wet and dry climate, drier than areas with a tropical monsoon climate, prevails over most of the inland peninsular region except for a semi-arid rain shadow east of the Western Ghats. Winter and early summer are long and dry periods with temperatures averaging above 18 °C (64 °F), summer is exceedingly hot with temperatures in low-lying areas exceeding 50 °C (122 °F), and the rainy season lasts from June to ...
Basella alba / rubra is perennial vine that likes tropical conditions, but is also cultivated as an annual crop in temperate regions. It can climb up or spread horizontaly up to 10m and is fairly fast growing as long as temperatures are high. Even though it is climbing/crawling in nature, Basellas young stems are not to flexible and can become quite hard, so it can be shaped into a small bush. It is heat loving plant that can be hurt by temperatures lower than 5C, and instantly killed with less than 0C. Its succulent flesh helps it to easily survive severe and long drought with its water storage. It also tolerates heavy rains and high humidity. It likes full sun, but when planted in partial shade its growth is faster and leaves are more juicy. Malabar Spinach grows best in fertile, acidic soils but tolerates even poor, sandy soils. It tiny flowers appear usually in dry seasons followed by black berries. It can be easily propagated from cuttings and seeds, which for faster germination it is ...
Similar view August 1956 . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . Kibo summit viewed from Moshi February 1928 . . . . . . Kibo summit viewed from Moshi January 1975 . . . . . . . The summit of Mount Kilimanjaro from Mawenzi showing extent of glaciation in September 1935 . . . . . . . . . . . . The summit of Mount Kilimanjaro August 1956 . . . . . . Similar view taken by air by with peaks of Mawenzi in foreground March 1973 . Changes in the nature and amount of predation, competition, herbivory, migration, emigration, and immigration, are all important and will lead to changes in community composition, but changes in the hydrological cycle or in the interactive processes of the mineral cycle potentially have more profound effects on the structure of the system (Walker 1989). Worthington (1938) pointed out it was an error to suppose the tropical conditions of Africa implied the existence of an exuberant vegetation and rich soil. Distribution of elephant deaths in 1971 drought, Tsavo East National ...
Cenozoic strike-slip tectonism, which caused local crustal extension in South-east Asia, generated many short-lived but deeply subsiding basins. Under tropical conditions and assisted by intensive karstic weathering, the basins formed ideal sites for lakes during early basinal history in Oligocene to Miocene times. In several basins in northern Thailand, a shallow-lacustrine assemblage of mudstone and coal contains thin, alginite-rich oil shales of moderate grade which formed under oxic or anoxic conditions during the initial flooding of the lake, which was accompanied by high organic productivity. In the Mae Sot Basin, a carbonate-rich lacustrine assemblage contains thick, alginite-rich oil shales of high grade which formed under anoxic conditions in deeper, probably stratified lakes where the organic material was well preserved. The kerogen in both assemblages is Type I, hydrogen-rich. Under conditions of rapid sedimentation and abnormally high heat flow associated with active tectonism, the ...
Sao Paulo - Brazils trade with Africa could triple to $60 billion (R490.7 billion at current exchange rate) by 2017, according to business leaders here who also highlighted the South American behemoths potential as a development model for the continent.. I believe that trade could reach $60 billion in six years, said Roberto Giannetti da Fonseca, head of foreign trade at the Sao Paulo Industrial Federation (FIESP), who noted that trade already tripled to $20 billion between 2004 to last year.. He made his remarks at a conference on the private sectors role in African development that brought together local entrepreneurs, diplomats, Brazilian government officials, economists and representatives from multilateral organisations.. Da Fonseca saw great prospects for boosting Brazilian exports to the African continent, particularly farm machinery which - unlike agricultural equipment from Europe or the United States - is particularly suited to Africas tropical conditions. ...
Hi, my Tiki 26 nr. 454 is near completion in South Africa. When I am inside one of the hulls the temperature is really very high. The mainhatch alone does not provide enough ventilation. Now I am in doubt where and what I can do best when I go coastal. cruising and sleeping in near tropical conditions of Mozambique and Madagascar. Sunproof, rainproof, waveproof? Where should
2017 Appeal ** Help PFAF to go Tropical! Our big project for 2017 is to extend our database by adding a further 500 selected useful plants that grow in tropical conditions. This is a major project for us and we need your donations to complete it. Read more >> ...
2017 Appeal ** Help PFAF to go Tropical! Our big project for 2017 is to extend our database by adding a further 500 selected useful plants that grow in tropical conditions. This is a major project for us and we need your donations to complete it. Read more >> ...
2017 Appeal ** Help PFAF to go Tropical! Our big project for 2017 is to extend our database by adding a further 500 selected useful plants that grow in tropical conditions. This is a major project for us and we need your donations to complete it. Read more >> ...
2017 Appeal ** Help PFAF to go Tropical! Our big project for 2017 is to extend our database by adding a further 500 selected useful plants that grow in tropical conditions. This is a major project for us and we need your donations to complete it. Read more >> ...
Changes in tree, liana, and understory plant diversity and community composition in five tropical rain forest fragments varying in area (18-2600 ha) and disturbance levels were studied on the Valparai plateau, Western Ghats. Systematic sampling using small quadrats (totaling 4 ha for trees and lianas, 0.16 ha for understory plants) enumerated 312 species in 103 families: 1968 trees (144 species), 2250 lianas (60 species), and 6123 understory plants (108 species). Tree species density, stem density, and basal area were higher in the three larger (, 100 ha) rain forest fragments but were negatively correlated with disturbance scores rather than area per se. Liana species density, stem density, and basal area were higher in moderately disturbed and lower in heavily disturbed fragments than in the three larger fragments. Understory species density was highest in the highly disturbed 18-ha fragment, due to weedy invasive species occurring with rain forest plants. Nonmetric multidimensional scaling ...
51] In view of the rather conservative approach of boundary conditions we are convinced that the global source strength of tropical rainforest is indeed in the range of 0.88-2.37 TG N yr−1. Our global source strength of 1.34 Tg N yr−1, as well as the data induced uncertainty range, are in agreement with previous approaches applied for estimating the global N2O source strength of tropical rainforest ecosystems. Matson and Vitousek [1990] estimated the global N2O source strength of tropical forest soils to be 2.4 Tg N yr−1 (= 1.8 Tg N yr−1 using our area estimate for tropical rainforests). Their estimate was based on upscaling of a limited number of publications (,10) on N2O fluxes from tropical rainforest soils using a simplified soil and vegetation classification scheme. A few years later, considering newly published data, Breuer et al. [2000] provided a new estimate of 3.55 Tg N yr−1 (= 2.6 Tg N yr−1 with our area), which is noticeably higher than our mean estimate. However, these ...
Abstract: The aim of this study is to examine the effect of individual canopy tree on the species composition and abundance of understorey vegetation in subtropical forests, by applying a model for tree influence on understorey vegetation of boreal spruce forests developed by Økland et al. (1999), according to the principles of Ecological Field Theory (EFT). The study was based upon five vegetation data sets, each with two subsets (vascular plants species and bryophytes species) from subtropical forests in south and southwest China. Optimal value of tree influence model parameters was found by maximizing the eigenvalue of a Constrained Ordination (CO) axis, obtained by use of the EFT-based tree influence index as the only constraining variable. One CO method, Redundancy Analysis (RDA), was applied to five vegetation data sets. The results showed that the optimal EFT tree influence models generally accounted for only a small part of the variation in species composition (the eigenvalues of RDA axes were
Author(s): Hawkins, Bradford A.; Diniz, JAF; Jaramillo, C A; Soeller, S A | Abstract: Aim The aim of this study was to test a variant of the evolutionary time hypothesis for the bird latitudinal diversity gradient derived from the effects of niche conservatism in the face of global climate change over evolutionary time. Location The Western Hemisphere. Methods We used digitized range maps of breeding birds to estimate the species richness at two grain sizes, 756 and 12,100 km(2). We then used molecular phylogenies resolved to family to quantify the root distance (RD) of each species as a measure of its level of evolutionary development. Birds were classified as basal or derived based on the RD of their family, and richness patterns were contrasted for the most basal and most derived 30% of species. We also generated temperature estimates for the Palaeogene across the Western Hemisphere to examine how spatial covariation between past and present climates might make it difficult to distinguish between
A well-matched influenza vaccine is effective in preventing ILI and reducing sickness absence in healthcare workers in tropical settings. Efforts need to be made to increase influenza vaccination rates and to improve the currently available vaccines.
Vitamin A deficiency during pregnancy of HIV infected and non-infected women in tropical settings of Northwest Ethiopia - up-to-the-minute news and headlines. 7thSpace is a online portal covering topics such as Family, Business, Entertainment, Headlines, Recipes and more. A place for the whole family featuring many different sections to chose from.
Temperate Climate refers to climates between Polar and Tropical. However, there is a gradual change from polar to tropical climates across the middle latitude temperate zones. Normally, in the northern hemisphere, the northern portions of the temperate zone feature Boreal, Continental, and Oceanic climates, while the southern portions of the temperate zone are often Mediterranean and humid subtropical climates. These different climates all fall within the temperate zone which has a basic definition as being any climate with a mean temperature above −3 °C (26.6 °F) but below 18 °C (64.4 °F) in the coldest month. Obviously winter temperatures will be more mild in southerly portions and colder in the more northerly portions of the northern temperate zone and vice-versa in the southern temperate zone. From a floristic standpoint, each of these climate zones have generally temperate vegetation. There is however, an obvious change in flora from the far northern portions of the temperate zone ...
Slight rises in temperatures are triggering rainforest trees to produce more flowers, reports a new study published in the journal Nature Climate Change. The research is based on observations collected in two tropical forests: a seasonally dry forest on Panamas Barro Colorado Island and a rainforest with year-around precipitation in Luquillo, Puerto Rico. The authors, led by Stephanie Pau, currently at Florida State University but formerly from UC Santa Barbara, analyzed the impact of changes in temperature, clouds and rainfall on flower production. They found an annual 3 percent increase in flower production at the seasonally dry site, which they attributed to warmer temperatures.
The main goal of this thesis was to investigate primary biogenic aerosol emission from the Amazon rain forest through measurements of vertical turbulent aerosol number fluxes. In addition, the particle dry deposition sink has been analysed and quantified, and is also compared with the dry deposition sink at a boreal forest site.. The total aerosol number flux of particles with diameter larger than 10 nm was dominated by downward fluxes at the rain forest site, even in the most pristine conditions in the wet season. This is an indication that the primary biogenic aerosol number source is small when considering the total particle size spectrum. However, size resolved aerosol number fluxes indicated net emission for particles with dry diameter 0.5-2.5 μm in clean conditions. These emission fluxes are likely explained by a primary biogenic aerosol source from the rain forest and seemed to be best correlated with horizontal wind speed, peaking during afternoon. Even though there are few particles in ...
The effect of Halamid® in tropical marine fish farming is much less documented, even if similar disease problems occur.. Axcentive has therefore performed a test program to understand if the beneficial effects under tropical conditions are similar to those in cold water fish farming.. Particular attention has been given to the safety of the treatment to the high value fish concerned. Focus has been given on managing clean conditions in the land-based growing of fingerlings. After all, grow-out in tropical areas is still mostly done in flow through sea-cages, where microbial loading of the water is much less of an issue.. Three farm stages have been investigated: the hatching of eggs, the larvae rearing and the nursery.. Eggs Fish eggs as received from own broodstock or external supplies can be a source of microbial contamination.. A simple egg wash in a Halamid® solution of 500-1000 ppm for 5-10 minutes showed 100 per cent effective in removing bacteria, including Vibrio. The hatchability of ...
plastering valuable is not specifically a helpful download Pesticide Residues in Coastal Tropical Ecosystems: Distribution, Fate, but Perhaps a obedient term with found managers to become follow selecting minutes. leverage by: Peer Resources Network report Lisa J. Lucas, an Associate Professor at West Chester University of Pennsylvania, even only as an other book and a practical data. Her service investigates to unleash a role of genetics and experiment into every size she uses.
The science of ecology fundamentally aims to understand species and their relation to the environment. At sites where hurricane disturbance is part of the environmental context, permanent forest plots are critical to understand ecological vegetation dynamics through time. An overview of forest structure and species composition from two of the longest continuously measured tropical forest plots is presented. Long-term measurements, 72 years at the leeward site, and 25 years at windward site, of stem density are similar to initial and pre-hurricane values at both sites. For 10 years post-hurricane Hugo (1989), stem density increased at both sites. Following that increase period, stem density has remained at 1400 to 1600 stems/ha in the leeward site, and at 1200 stems/ha in the windward site. The forests had similar basal area values before hurricane Hugo in 1989, but these sites are following different patterns of basal area accumulation. The leeward forest site continues to accumulate and increase basal
The plenary sessions provided the platform for interesting discussions on topical issues ranging from general toxicology to specialized ecotoxicology issues. Some of the highlights of the plenary presentations are described below. The plenary lecture delivered by Michiel Daam (Portugal) on Aquatic ecotoxicology of pesticides under temperate versus tropical climates demonstrated that there were no consistent differences between the degradation rates of some pesticides between temperate and tropical climates as well as no differences in sensitivities between temperate and tropical species to the pesticides. He also shared with the participants that with a creative mind, a lot can be achieved with very limited resources, as is usually the case in most African countries. This was a very welcome message for all participants.. In another lecture delivered by Mathew Muzi-Nindi (South Africa) on the topic Technological development in mass spectrometry and chromatography: pharmaceutical personal care ...
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The average temperature in a tropical dry forest is approximately 63 degrees Fahrenheit. Temperatures are generally higher during most months of the year in these regions....
Slot, Martijn, Rey-Sanchez, Camilo, Winter, Klaus, and Kitajima, Kaoru. 2014. Trait-based scaling of temperature-dependent foliar respiration in a species-rich tropical forest canopy. Functional Ecology. 28 (5):1074-1086. https://doi.org/10.1111/1365-2435.12263 ...
Townsville, north Queensland, is an example of a high-risk environment for skin cancer as its residents are of predominantly Anglo-Celtic descent living in a tropical environment with extreme ambient UVR (35). Our results indicate that the appearance of new MN in young Australian children raised in such an extreme UV environment is related to the total amount of time they spend in the sun, and the susceptibility of their skin to sun exposure. Sunburn experience, although significantly related with the incidence rate of MN bivariately, failed to reach significance after adjustment for propensity to burn. Sunburn experience remained significantly related to the incidence of MN only in the subgroup of children with no tendency to burn.. Of the five published longitudinal studies on nevus development in children and adolescents (9, 11-13, 25), only three examined the effect of individual sun exposure data on nevus development (9, 12, 13). The current study is the first which explores this issue in ...
WAMSI Dredging Science Node researchers have, for the first time, quantified dredging effects on seawater quality conditions, which is critical to realistic testing in the laboratory.. The literature review along with the examination of some large environmental monitoring datasets from recent dredging projects provided by Chevron Australia, Woodside Energy and Rio Tinto Iron Ore, have been published in PLOS ONE.. Lead author of the paper: Temporal Patterns in Seawater Quality from Dredging in Tropical Environments, Dr Ross Jones from the Australian Institute of Marine Science (AIMS), said bringing the current knowledge together means previous laboratory testing can be appraised on the relevance of the pressure fields used, and that future testing, including the next phase of WAMSIs dredging science program, now has a peer reviewed reference.. The reviews of existing monitoring datasets from industry have allowed us to more accurately quantify how dredging affects seawater quality conditions ...
The distinctive Mahogany and Natural two-tone coloration of the Belize Seating Collection by Summer Classics highlights the x-back design of the furniture. Named after a nation with a motto of the shade of the mahogany tree I flourish, Belize captures the feel of a lush tropical environment. Generously proportioned seating frames accommodate the included Dream blown-fiber cushions. Frame crafted from heavy-gauge, rust-resistant wrought aluminum Generously proportioned frames accommodate plush outdoor cushions Included Dream cushions high-density foam fill is crowned with a pillowtop of blown fiber on the Sofa, Lounge Chair and Swivel Rocking Lounge Chair Swivel Rocking Lounge Chair offers optimal comfort with its rocking and turning motion Two-tone antiqued Mahogany and Natural finish is hand applied Note: Due to the custom-made nature of the cushions, any fabric changes or
Fire Belly Newts are best kept in species tanks. They have very specific needs and will eat whatever they can fit in their mouths. They can also excrete a toxin from glands by their head which could harm other creatures. They are most definitely not compatible with other creatures that require a tropical environment ...
Fire Belly Newts are best kept in species tanks. They have very specific needs and will eat whatever they can fit in their mouths. They can also excrete a toxin from glands by their head which could harm other creatures. They are most definitely not compatible with other creatures that require a tropical environment ...
This condition occurs in people who have one of two possible gene s (i.e., they are heterozygous for the allele ) that code for the defective hemoglobin responsible for sickle-cell anemia . The codition is diagnosed by exposing an individuals red blood cell s to a low oxygen environment; if the trait is present, the cells will turn to a sickle shape. People with this trait may suffer milder symptoms of sickle-cell anemia, or may have no symptoms. Some scientists believe the trait actually provides an evolutionary advantage in tropical environments because the slightly altered shape of the blood cells causes a person to be more resistant to malaria ...
Poor DNA preservation is the most limiting factor in ancient genomic research. In the vast majority of ancient bones and teeth, endogenous DNA molecules only represent a minor fraction of the whole DNA extract, rendering traditional shot-gun sequencing approaches cost-ineffective for whole-genome characterization. Based on ancient human bone samples from temperate and tropical environments, we show that an initial EDTA-based enzymatic pre-digestion of powdered bone increases the proportion of endogenous DNA several fold. By performing the pre-digestion step between 30 min and 6 hours on five bones, we identify the optimal pre-digestion time and document an average increase of 2.7 times in the endogenous DNA fraction after 1 hour of pre-digestion. With longer pre-digestion times, the increase is asymptotic while molecular complexity decreases. We repeated the experiment with n=21 and t=15-30, and document a significant increase in endogenous DNA content (one-sided paired t-test: p=0.009). We ...
The concentration of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere has reached the milestone of 400 parts per million, something not seen on earth for 2 or 3 million years. This time, it is driven by human emissions from burning coal, natural gas and petroleum. Climate change at this pace threatens 50,000 plant and animal species over the next 80 years, and it isnt entirely clear if the human species can survive in the new, unstable climate conditions we are creating.. Past periods of high carbon concentrations (then caused by volcanoes) led to a world with a third less land mass because of rising seas, no surface ice, tropical conditions everywhere including Antarctica, fish die-off from acid oceans, massive hurricanes, and storms and droughts that lasted for many years. Humans arose and are adapted to a colder world characteristic of the past 200,000 years, and may not be able to survive Tropical World 9 degrees F. / 5 degrees C. hotter than ours.. Environmentalists should make a full court press to close ...
Tropical rainforests (TRFs) harbour almost half of the worlds vascular plant species diversity while covering only about 6-7% of land. However, why species richness varies amongst the Earths major TRF regions remains poorly understood. Here we investigate the evolutionary processes shaping continental species richness disparities of the pantropical, epiphytic and mostly TRF-dwelling orchid mega-genus Bulbophyllum (c. 1948 spp. in total) using diversification analyses based on a time-calibrated molecular phylogeny (including c. 45-50% spp. each from Madagascar, Africa, Neotropics, and 8.4% from the Asia-Pacific region), coupled with ecological niche modelling (ENM) of geographic distributions under present and past (Last Glacial Maximum; LGM) conditions. Our results suggest an early-to-late Miocene scenario of out-of-Asia-Pacific origin and progressive, dispersal-mediated diversification in Madagascar, Africa and the Neotropics, respectively. Species richness disparities amongst these four TRF
Golley, F.B., J.T. McGinnis, R.G. Clements, G.I. Child, and M.J. Duever. 1969. The structure of tropical forests in Panama and Colombia. BioScience 19: 693-696.. Golley, F.B., J.T. McGinnis, R.G. Clements, G.I. Child, and M.J. Duever. 1975. Mineral Cycling in a Tropical Moist Forest Ecosystem. University of Georgia Press, Athens. 248 pp.. Olson, R.J., K.R. Johnson, D.L. Zheng, and J.M.O. Scurlock. 2001. Global and Regional Ecosystem Modeling: Databases of Model Drivers and Validation Measurements. ORNL Technical Memorandum TM-2001/196. Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, Tennessee, U.S.A.. Additional Sources of Information: Clark, D.A., S. Brown, D.W. Kicklighter, J Q. Chambers, J R. Thomlinson, J. Ni, and E. A. Holland. 2001a. Net primary production in tropical forests: an evaluation and synthesis of existing field data. Ecological Applications, 11(2): 371-384.. Clark, D.A., S. Brown, D.W. Kicklighter, J.Q. Chambers, J.R. Thomlinson, J. Ni, and E.A. Holland. 2013. NPP Tropical Forest: ...
Although much of the sediment supplied to the coast under humid tropical conditions has been delivered by rivers, material has also been derived from the erosion of cliffs along the shore, and from the sea floor. Sediment has been carried onshore from shallow coastal waters to many parts of the worlds coastline, and it is likely that the deltas and coastal plains around Indonesia incorporate in their stratigraphy marine sediments that originated in this way. For example, marine clays are known to underlie parts of the extensive swampy lowlands of south-eastern Sumatra. Beaches Beaches of sand and gravel are extensive around the coasts of Indonesia, especially near the mouths of rivers delivering this kind of material, adjacent to cliffs of sandstone or conglomerate, and along shorelines to the rear of fringing coral reefs. Beach sediments of volcanic origin are typically black or grey; those of coralline origin white or yellow. Quartzose sands are of very localized occurrence in relation to ...
To overcome the limitations of traditional conservation treatments used for protection and consolidation of stone and lime mortars and plasters, mostly based on polymers or alkoxysilanes, a novel treatment based on the activation of indigenous carbonatogenic bacteria has been recently proposed and applied both in the laboratory and in situ. Despite very positive results, little is known regarding its effect on the evolution of the indigenous bacterial communities, specially under hot and humid tropical conditions where proliferation of microorganisms is favored, as it is the case of the Maya area. Here, we studied changes in bacterial diversity of severely degraded tuff stone and lime plaster at the archeological Maya site of Copan (Honduras) after treatment with the patented sterile M-3P nutritional solution. High-throughput sequencing by Illumina MiSeq technology shows significant changes in the bacterial population of the treated stones, enhancing the development of Arthrobacter, Micrococcaceae,
A new record of past temperature change in the tropical Atlantic Oceans subsurface provides clues as to why Earths climate is so sensitive to ocean circulation patterns, according to climate scientists at Texas A&M University.
A new record of past temperature change in the tropical Atlantic Oceans subsurface provides clues as to why the Earths climate is so sensitive to ocean circulation patterns, according to climate scientists at Texas A&M University.
Intensive tilapia production (Oreochromis niloticus) is an emerging industry in West Africa. Access and availability of economically viable formulated commercial fish feeds are major constraints. The availability and cost of animal source ingredients such as fishmeal (FM), typically used in limited amounts to ensure balanced diets and high performance, is a global issue. Research has been conducted to identify and utilize locally produced, cost-efficient feedstuffs to partially or completely replace FM with a focus on plant and animal by-products. Interest in insect-derived meals, particularly fly larvae (Musca domestica, Hermetia illucens, etc.) as potential replacements for FM in aquaculture diets has increased. Commercial quantities of insect larvae, maggot meal, (MM) can be produced under tropical conditions due to their high rates of reproduction, growth, and their ability to grow on a large variety of organic substrates. Given the nutritional value and profile (comparability of amino ...
In this context a new way of short-term meat preservation that could be especially beneficial for prolonged periods of handling of carcasses or meat cuts during transport, etc. should be mentioned. Meat surfaces are treated with organic acids such as acetic, lactic, citric, tartaric and ascorbic acid, as well as sodium sorbate. These compounds are from different natural foods and not toxic and may be used alone or in combination as dipping solutions or sprays on the surface of meat and meat products. Treatment of carcasses with these products has proved to be successful under conditions in developing countries. With an aqueous solution of 20 percent sodium sorbate, 5 percent sodium acetate and 5 percent sodium chloride sprayed on warm beef carcasses, the shelf-life of meat at 25° to 35°C was doubled. However, more work is needed on the subject, especially for tropical conditions. ...
During the so-called PETM period 55 million years ago, tropical conditions prevailed far beyond the equator and ice caps vanished from Earths poles.
HOUSHMAND, M. et al. Effects of non-antibiotic feed additives on performance, immunity and intestinal morphology of broilers fed different levels of protein. S. Afr. j. anim. sci. [online]. 2012, vol.42, n.1, pp.22-32. ISSN 2221-4062.. In order to investigate the effects of the dietary supplementation of organic acids, prebiotics and probiotics on broiler chickens, a total of 288 day-old male Cobb chicks were allocated in a completely randomized design according to a 2 x 4 factorial, consisting of two levels of crude protein (recommended or low (85% of recommended)) and a four feed-additive programme. The basal diet without any feed additive served as control and one of the following additives, organic acids, a prebiotic and a probiotic, were added to the basal diet to form the other treatments. Starter and finisher diets were offered from 1 to 21 d and 22 to 42 d of age, respectively. The birds were reared in an open-sided house system under natural tropical conditions with the same housing and ...
The research into the issue of maintainability of multi‐storey buildings in Sri Lanka is still in its dolescent stage. One of the critical building elements that require immediate attention for maintainability is flat roof areas. The flat roofs are often subjected to alternate drying and wetting cycles under tropical conditions, causing many defects and subsequent deterioration when proper detailing related to design, construction and maintenance actions are lacking. The inherent risks of maintainability of the buildings can be identified by analyzing their defects causing factors. In this research, 12 such risk factors related to the maintainability of flat roofs were identified. Further, a scoring system using Artificial Neural Networks (ANN) is developed to forecast the level of maintainability, which is projected, based on risk analysis. The level of maintainability of a typical flat roof is shown as 51%. The risk factors are also prioritized to give guidance ...
A study of the floristic and structural variations of a tree community was carried out in a tropical semideciduous forest fragment, located on the margins of the Capivari river, in Lavras, Minas Gerais, Brazil, to analyze the correlations between environmental variables (related to soil, topography and fragment shape) and the distribution of tree species. The study also aimed to increase the understanding on the floristic composition and phytosociological structure of tree communities in the upper Rio Grande region. Tree species were sampled in extensive collecting excursions as well as through 28 sample plots of 20 ´ 20 m, where all individuals with dbh ³ 5 cm were registered. The plots were distributed into five transects placed parallel to the predominant slope of each site. The environmental variables were obtained through a topographic survey of the fragment and chemical and textural analyses of soil samples. The correlations between the distribution of species abundance and environmental ...
Our home is in beautiful sunny Queensland, the Sunshine State, which is world-renowned for the Great Barrier Reef. Queensland has some of the most beautiful beaches in the world. These beaches are found both north and south of where we live, about an hours drive by car. Our house has been built for tropical living, open-planned design, timber floors and ducted air-conditioning throughout. Our neighbourhood is in a quiet estate and all amenities are within 5 klms from where we live. There is public transport available nearby. Our neighbours are friendly but private. Our home is set high on a hill and at night you can sit out on the covered timber deck while watching the stars above.. My husband and I are recently retired and are seeking to continue travelling, which is what were doing right now. We love to meet new people all over the world as well as in Australia and recently completed a caravan trip around Australia. I can speak un petit peu of French and have enjoyed practicing my ...
The National Museum of Natural History, located at 10th Street and Constitution Avenue, N.W., welcomed more than 8.4 million people during the year 2001, making it the most visited natural history museum in the world. Opened in 1910, the museum is dedicated to maintaining and preserving the world s most extensive collection of natural history specimens and human artifacts. It also fosters critical scientific research as well as educational programs and exhibitions that present the work of its scientists and curators to the public. The museum is part of the Smithsonian Institution, the world s largest museum and research complex. The Smithsonian s National Museum of Natural History is open every day from 10 a.m. to 5:30 p.m. Admission is free ...
Tropical rainforests are tropical moist forests of semi-deciduous varieties distributed across nine West African countries. Institute for Sea Research conducted a temperature record dating back to 700,000 years ago.[2] Several conservation and development demographic settings are such that the most loss of rain forests has occurred in countries of higher population growth. Lack of dependable data and survey information in some countries has made the account of areas of unbroken forest and/or under land use change and their relation to economic indicators difficult to ascertain. Hence, the amount and rate of deforestation in Africa are less known than other regions of tropics. The term deforestation refers to the complete obstruction of forest canopy cover for means of agriculture, plantations, cattle-ranching, and other non-forest fields. Other forest use changes for example are forest disintegration (changing the spatial continuity and creating a mosaic of forest blocks and other land cover ...
MRC CiC Tropical Infectious Disease Consortium Annual MeetingAccelerating Product Development Thursday 16 February 2017Manson Lecture Theatre and South Courtyard
Soil types are highly variable in the tropics and are the result of a combination of several variables such as climate, vegetation, topographic position, parent material, and soil age.[21] Most tropical soils are characterized by significant leaching and poor nutrients, however there are some areas that contain fertile soils. Soils throughout the tropical rainforests fall into two classifications which include the ultisols and oxisols. Ultisols are known as well weathered, acidic red clay soils, deficient in major nutrients such as calcium and potassium. Similarly, oxisols are acidic, old, typically reddish, highly weathered and leached, however are well drained compared to ultisols. The clay content of ultisols is high, making it difficult for water to penetrate and flow through. The reddish color of both soils is the result of heavy heat and moisture forming oxides of iron and aluminium, which are insoluble in water and not taken up readily by plants. Soil chemical and physical characteristics ...
The Amazonian Center for Environmental Resources (ACEER) is a nonprofit organization focused preserving the Peruvian and Amazonian rainforests. With climate change and deforestation at the forefront of global issues at the moment, the organization does its part by educating on rainforest preservation. ACEERs contributions dont just help the environment, its work also strives to reduce global poverty by helping the natives in the Amazonian rainforests and Peruvian regions.. ACEERs work to decrease deforestation helps the natives in the Amazonian rainforests keep their homes. Deforestation destroys the habitats of many animal and plant species which also destroys indigenous peoples home as the forests serve as their main source of food and shelter.. The organizations AMIGOS! program strives to give the children in Amazonian areas a quality education. The AMIGOS! program does a lot to help the Peruvian schools in cities such as Puerto Maldonado and Iquitos and rural areas. The program has been ...
tropical rainforest: Luxuriant forest, generally composed of broad-leaved trees and found in wet tropical uplands and lowlands around the Equator. Rainforests are vegetation types dominated by broad-leaved...
Trees in the Amazon tropical forests are old. Really old in fact whi...Using radiocarbon dating methods the team which includes UC Irvines... Little was known about the age of tropical trees because they do not...And for Trumbore who studies how forests and the atmosphere exchange ...Because their trees are old and slow-growing the Amazon forests whic...,Amazon,trees,much,older,than,assumed,,raising,questions,on,global,climate,impact,of,region,biological,biology news articles,biology news today,latest biology news,current biology news,biology newsletters
Assigning seasonal status to birds is not always straightforward. Many species are polytypic, with both discrete resident and migrant subspecies or populations occurring in the country, and it is not always clear which taxon or population occurs in the park Hq area or on MFDP. Only 114 of 169 MFDP-recorded species (67.5%) are considered residents and for only approximately half of these are there confirmed breeding records on MFDP. Most of the remainder are non-breeding winter visitors. A number of species that are widespread in forest habitats elsewhere in the country (Large Hawk-cuckoo Hierococcyx sparverioides, Black-winged Cuckooshrike Coracina melaschistos, Ashy Drongo Dicrurus leucophaeus, Lesser Racket-tailed Drongo D. remifer, Hair-crested Drongo D. hottentottus, Verditer Flycatcher Eumyias thalassinus and Grey-headed Flycatcher Culicicapa ceylonensis) are only known on the plot and in the Hq area of Khao Yai as non-breeding visitors. Hair-crested Drongos breed in lower elevation, ...
Monitoring is a fundamental component of the management of threatened species and is of particular importance when those species come into direct conflict with humans and their interests. In such circumstances up-to-date information on population status, trends and distribution become key inputs into decision making. In these circumstances, systematic, objective and transparent data is critical to the acceptance of the decision making process.. In the Wet Tropics, two species are the focus of repeated demands for management, made to all levels of government, and are frequently the focus of bitter debates, often with financial and legal implications: the endangered southern cassowary (Casuarisus casuarius) and the vulnerable spectacled flying-fox (Pteropus conspicillatus). For both species questions relating to population sizes, trends and distribution are central to decision making and conflict resolution processes.. Project objectives at a glance. ...
In tropical climates[edit]. Forest gardens, or home gardens, are common in the tropics, using intercropping to cultivate trees ... Volume One: Ecological Vision and Theory for Temperate Climate Permaculture, ISBN 1-931498-79-2. Volume Two: Ecological Design ... Forest gardening is a prehistoric method of securing food in tropical areas. In the 1980s, Robert Hart coined the term "forest ... Robert Hart adapted forest gardening for the United Kingdom's temperate climate during the 1980s.[1] His theories were later ...
... as a climate that is transitional between a continually wet tropical rainforest climate and a tropical savanna climate. There ... the border being formed here by 10th parallel north The climate is tropical; although it could be classified as a tropical ... Climate: tropical; hot, humid; summer rainy season (May to December); winter dry season (December to April) Terrain: coastal ... Sierra Leone is party to several environmental agreements: Biodiversity (Convention on Biological Diversity) Climate Change ( ...
Climate: tropical; moderated by easterly trade winds (March to November); westerly gales and heavy rain (November to March). ... Tropical Cyclone Bebe was a pre-season tropical cyclone that impacted the Gilbert, Ellice Islands, and Fiji island groups. The ... Tuvalu is a party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer ... Tropical cyclones and other storm events also result in wave wash over and extreme high water also occurs during spring tides. ...
El Salvador claims a territorial sea of 200 nautical miles (370.4 km; 230.2 mi). Climate: Tropical; rainy season (May to ... El Salvador has a tropical climate with pronounced wet and dry seasons. Temperatures vary primarily with elevation and show ... El Salvador is party to the Convention on Biological Diversity, United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, Kyoto ... October); dry season (November to April); tropical on coast; temperate in uplands Terrain: Mostly mountains with narrow coastal ...
Climate type. tropical climate. Native languages. Kagayanen. Palawano. Tagalog. Cagayancillo, officially the Municipality of ... Cagayancillo belongs to Type II climate wherein there is no distinct wet or dry season. The dry season is usually from December ...
Climate type. Tropical climate. Native languages. Iraya. Tagalog. Abra de Ilog, officially the Municipality of Abra de Ilog ( ...
Climate type. tropical climate. Languages. Hiligaynon, English. Website. www. .bacolodcity. .gov. .ph. ...
Climate type. tropical climate. Native languages. Kinaray-a language. Hiligaynon. Tagalog. Website. www. .dingle. .gov. .ph. ...
Climate type. tropical climate. Native languages. Cebuano. Tagalog. Website. www. .danaocity. .gov. .ph. ...
Climate type. tropical climate. Native languages. Subanon. Cebuano. Chavacano. Tagalog. Catholic diocese. Diocese of Pagadian. ... Climate[edit]. Located within the tropics of the northern hemisphere, Pagadian has a pronounced dry season from January to ... The area is generally not affected by tropical storms and typhoons as it is located outside the Philippine Typhoon Belt. ...
The Köppen Climate Classification subtype for this climate is "Aw". (Tropical Savanna Climate). Altiplano Guiana Highlands ... Tropical savanna climates have monthly mean temperature above 18 °C (64 °F) in every month of the year and typically a ... xxxiii., p. 212 Climate Summary from Weatherbase.com This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain ...
Climate is tropical; mountains in the east cut off trade winds and cause semiarid conditions in some areas. The average annual ...
"Tropical Monsoon Climate". The Physical Environment. Archived from the original on 24 March 2011. Retrieved 14 April 2011. " ... Although it receives abundant rainfall like that of the tropical rain forest climate, rainfall is concentrated in the high-sun ... The Jama-Coaque Ecological Reserve is subject to a tropical monsoon climate. ... The lowland part of the reserve is characterized by tropical moist evergreen forest and transition to tropical rainforest. ...
The Köppen Climate Classification subtype for this climate is "Aw". (Tropical Savanna Climate). "Ada East". Ghana Districts. ... Tropical savanna climates have monthly mean temperature above 18 °C (64 °F) in every month of the year and typically a ... Climate Summary for Ada Foah "Klimatafel von Ada / Ghana" (PDF). Baseline climate means (1961-1990) from stations all over the ... Many died very young of various tropical diseases.[citation needed] Every Wednesday at 8am and 3pm the ferry takes passengers ...
Climate is tropical; hot and humid. The country has a Köppen Climate Classification of Af (Tropical Rainforest Climate). The ... Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Law of the Sea Terrain varies geologically from the high, ... "Koror, Palau Köppen Climate Classification (Weatherbase)". Weatherbase. Retrieved 2019-03-28. This article incorporates public ...
Köppen Climate Classification subtype for this climate is "Aw". (Tropical Savanna Climate). The average temperature for the ... Tropical savanna climates have monthly mean temperatures above 18 °C (64 °F) in every month of the year and typically a ...
The Köppen Climate Classification is "Aw". (Tropical Savanna Climate). Seva is an island located in the Keta Lagoon. By 2010, ... FAO Regional Office for Africa FAO Regional Office For Africa Pak Sum Low ( 2001) Climate Change and Africa: Sea level rise and ... The problem of flooding has now abated because of increased climate change and reduction in rainfall. The Keta Sea Defence ... Over the years population growth, extensive human activities and climate change all contributed to reduce the volume of water ...
"Ice and Climate". acs.org. Retrieved 12 December 2014. "Tropical Climate History...Shrinking : Image of the Day". nasa.gov. ... It is one of the few tropical glaciers left in the world, and is the main outlet of the Quelccaya Ice Cap. This glacier has ... The Qori Kalis Glacier is a tropical glacier located in the Cordillera Oriental section of the Andes mountains of Peru. ... "Research shows temperature, not snowfall, driving tropical glacier size". phys.org. Retrieved 12 December 2014. "ARC: Adopt A ...
The Köppen Climate Classification subtype for this climate is "Aw". (Tropical Savanna Climate). "Keta (Municipal District)". ... Tropical savanna climates have monthly mean temperature above 18 °C (64 °F) in every month of the year and typically a ... Archived 2011-07-23 at the Wayback Machine Ghana Districts Climate Summary for Ada Foah (closest city on record with accurate ...
"Tropical Monsoon Climate". The Physical Environment. Archived from the original on 24 March 2011. Retrieved 14 April 2011. " ... The Pacific Equatorial Forest is subject to what is known as a tropical monsoon climate. The ecosystem is located directly ... Tropical rainforest, moist evergreen forest, premontane cloud forest, and tropical deciduous forest can all be encountered over ... creating tropical deciduous forest (also known as tropical dry forest). The Pacific Equatorial Forest provides habitat for ...
Windward depression; tropical monsoon climate. Caracas Valley; tropical climate of altitude. Mountainous zone; tropical climate ... The regional climate is like this: Coastal zone; semi-arid tropical climate. ...
Capurgana has a Köppen Climate Classification subtype of "Aw". (Tropical Savanna Climate). The average temperature for the year ... The climate near the equator does not depends on the sun's position on the sky, it depends on different factors such as winds. ...
The Köppen Climate Classification subtype for this climate is "Aw". (Tropical Savanna Climate). Citypopulation.de Population of ... Retalhuleu San Andrés Villa Seca San Felipe San Martín Zapotitlán San Sebastián Santa Cruz Muluá Tropical savanna climates have ... departments in Guatemala Climate Summary "Weatherbase: Historical Weather for Retalhuleu, Gtatemala". Weatherbase. 2013. ...
Sub-tropical climate. Summers are somewhat scorching and temperature touches 40-45 Celsius. Winters are cold and comfortable ...
Climate type. Tropical rainforest climate. Income class. 4th city income class. Revenue (₱). 472 million (2016) [4]. ...
Climate type. tropical rainforest climate. Native languages. Surigaonon. Agusan. Cebuano. Mamanwa. Tagalog. ...
Climate type. Tropical rainforest climate. Income class. 1st municipal income class. Revenue (₱). 286,294,131.65 (2016). ...
Tropical monsoon climate. References. *^ Ramage, C., Monsoon Meteorology. International Geophysics Series, Vol. 15, 296 pp., ... Examples are the formation of a rare low-latitude tropical storm in 2001, Tropical Storm Vamei, and the devastating flood of ... See also: Climate of Europe. The European Monsoon (more commonly known as the return of the westerlies) is the result of a ... "On Air-Sea Interaction at the Mouth of the Gulf of California", Paquita Zuidema and Chris Fairall, in Journal of Climate, ...
Climate[edit]. Prieto Diaz has a tropical climate. There is significant rainfall throughout the year in Prieto Diaz. Even the ... According to Köppen and Geiger climate is classified as Af. The average annual temperature in Prieto Diaz is 27.1 °C. The ... The months of September, October and November experience the more destructive of these violent tropical storms. Forty percent ... a b http://en.climate-data.org/location/20625/ *^ The Philippine Island World: A Physical, Cultural, and Regional Geography, p ...
Climate. General Santos City has a tropical wet and dry climate (Köppen climate classification). With an average annual ... Climate data for General Santos City (1981-2010, extremes 1949-2012) Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year ... ample and well distributed rainfall all throughout the year and a typhoon-free climate, General Santos City produces export ...
ClimateEdit. Climates remained moderately warm, although the slow global cooling that eventually led to the Pleistocene ... Uplift of East Africa in the late Miocene was partly responsible for the shrinking of tropical rain forests in that region, and ... Greenland may have begun to have large glaciers as early as 7 to 8 million years ago,[citation needed] although the climate for ... As the earth went from the Oligocene through the Miocene and into the Pliocene, the climate slowly cooled towards a series of ...
... and is generally thicker on leaves from dry climates as compared with those from wet climates.[32] The epidermis serves several ... Verdcourt, Bernard; Bridson, Diane M. (1991). Flora of tropical East Africa - Rubiaceae Volume 3. CRC Press. ISBN 978-90-6191- ... Many gymnosperms have thin needle-like or scale-like leaves that can be advantageous in cold climates with frequent snow and ... Hairs on the leaf surface trap humidity in dry climates and create a boundary layer reducing water loss. ...
ClimateEdit. As weather is a limiting factor for producing cauliflower, the plant grows best in cool daytime temperatures 70-85 ... A tropical cauliflower used in China and India, it was developed in India during the 19th century from the now-abandoned ...
Tropical frogs would need mist and high humidity in their terrariums.[34]p7 Water for amphibia needs dechlorination. The ... These include habitat destruction, over-exploitation, pollution, introduced species, climate change, destruction of the ozone ... Caecilians are found in tropical Africa, Asia and Central and South America. There are 171 different species. ... especially in the low-lying tropical river systems. In drier conditions, they were less effective, and the ancestors of mammals ...
A Tropical monsoon climate (occasionally known as a tropical wet climate or a tropical monsoon and trade-wind littoral climate ... In essence, a tropical monsoon climate tends to either see more rainfall than a tropical savanna climate or have less ... as Tropical savanna climates do.. Tropical monsoon climates however has its driest month seeing on average less than 60 mm but ... is a type of climate that corresponds to the Köppen climate classification category "Am". Tropical monsoon climates have ...
The mallard inhabits a wide range of habitats and climates, from Arctic tundra to subtropical regions.[58] It is found in both ... and larger in tropical and desert equivalents to facilitate heat diffusion, and that the polar taxa are stockier overall.[41] ... which states that polar forms tend to be larger than related ones from warmer climates, has numerous examples in birds,[40] as ...
... some soldiers in tropical climates developed such severe and widespread tropical acne on their bodies that they were declared ...
The piculets are a distinctive subfamily, Picumninae, of small woodpeckers which occur mainly in tropical South America, with ... The later radiation of South American piculets is probably due to changes in topology and climate fluctuations during the ...
Tropical medicine deals with the prevention and treatment of tropical diseases. It is studied separately in temperate climates ...
It is common in tropical climates. Ulcers occur on exposed parts of the body, primarily on anterolateral aspect of the lower ... Lecture notes on tropical medicine. Oxford: Blackwell Science. ISBN 0-632-06496-X. Tropical dermatology. 2001. pp. 310-313. ... Tropical ulcers can also occur to the visitors of tropics. The disease is most common in native laborers and in schoolchildren ... Tropical ulcer is seen throughout the tropics and subtropics. In some of these countries, such as northern Papua New Guinea, it ...
Associations with climate and climate change. U. S. Annual January-December Tornado Count 1976-2011 from NOAA National Climatic ... These spiraling columns of air frequently develop in tropical areas close to the equator and are less common at high latitudes. ... 2007). Climate Change 2007 - The Physical Science Basis. Contribution of Working Group I to the Fourth Assessment Report of the ... "High Plains Regional Climate Center and University of Nebraska-Lincoln. Archived from the original on June 11, 2008. Retrieved ...
While tropical rainforests have more biodiversity and turnover, the immense conifer forests of the world represent the largest ... but also in similar cool climates in mountains further south. Boreal conifers have many wintertime adaptations. The narrow ...
One of the main theories to the extinction is climate change. The climate change theory has suggested that a change in climate ... Implications for Wildlife Conservation in Tropical Forest Indigenous Reserves". Human Exploitation and Biodiversity ... "Humans, not climate, have driven rapidly rising mammal extinction rate". phys.org. Retrieved 9 October 2020.. ... In March 2019, Nature Climate Change published a study by ecologists from Yale University, who found that over the next half ...
McClelland, John (1859). Sketch of the Medical Topography or Climate and Soils, of Bengal and the N.W. Provinces. London: John ... See also: North Indian Ocean tropical cyclone. Brown spot disease: symptoms of Cochliobolus miyabeanus on rice ...
... tropical rainforests in the north-east, and mountain ranges in the south-east. Australia generates its income from various ...
... the primary usage for blubber is insulation from the harsh climate. It can constitute as much as 50% of a whale's body weight. ... Tropical bottlenose whale (I. pacificus). Mesoplodon. (Mesoplodont. whales). *Sowerby's beaked whale (M. bidens) ... Species that live in polar habitats are vulnerable to the effects of recent and ongoing climate change, particularly the time ... "Quantifying the sensitivity of Arctic marine mammals to climate-induced habitat change" (PDF). Ecological Applications. 18 (2 ...
"Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Medicine. 3 (2): 156-162. doi:10.1016/S2221-1691(13)60042-8. PMC 3627178. PMID 23593597.. CS1 ... In the mid-Permian period, the climate became drier, resulting in a change of fauna: The pelycosaurs were replaced by the ...
... City has a tropical monsoon climate (Köppen climate classification: Am). Climate data for Dagupan City (1981-2010, ...
Climate type. tropical monsoon climate. Native languages. Bolinao. Pangasinan. Ilocano. Tagalog. Sambal. ...
A further potential threat is the increase of coral bleaching events, as a result of global climate change.[6] ... Fire corals have a bright yellow-green and brown skeletal covering and are widely distributed in tropical and subtropical ...
Climate * sw:Climate. Clock * sw:Clock. Clothing * sw:Clothing. Cloud * sw:Cloud. Coffee * sw:Coffee. Cold War * sw:Cold War. ... Tropical cyclone * sw:Kimbunga. Trumpet * sw:Trumpet. Truth * sw:Truth. Tsunami * sw:Tsunami. Tuberculosis * sw:Tuberculosis. ...
Although yellow fever is most prevalent in tropical-like climates, the northern United States were not exempted from the fever ... "PLOS Neglected Tropical Diseases. 6 (11): e1892. doi:10.1371/journal.pntd.0001892. PMC 3486898. PMID 23133693.. ... Delaporte, Francois (1991). The History of Yellow Fever: An Essay on the Birth of Tropical Medicine. Cambridge: MIT Press. pp. ... The main vector (A. aegypti) also occurs in tropical and subtropical regions of Asia, the Pacific, and Australia, but yellow ...
The decline of tree diversity on newly isolated tropical islands: A test of a null hypothesis and the implications. Evol. Ecol. ... Climate change. *Extinction risk from global warming *Runaway climate change. *Global terrestrial stilling ... An example of the cascade effect caused by the loss of a top predator is apparent in tropical forests. When hunters cause local ... Evolutionary Ecology in Tropical and Temperate Regions, pp. 273-287. Wiley, NY. ...
Many Germans died of tropical disease, while others left the colonies to find better living conditions. The German colony of ...
Like the Monterey pine, it has shown a favour to its new climate. It is, however, regarded as a noxious plant that threatens to ... Hua and Hwang proposed that organisms in a ballast tank of a ship traveling from the temperature zone through tropical waters ... These responses would most likely be due to temperature and climate change, or the presence of native species whether it be ... Seinfeld, John H. (2016). Marine Pollution and Climate Change. John Wiley & Sons.. ...
Soil and climate requirements[edit]. Basella alba grows well under full sunlight in hot, humid climates and in areas lower than ... It is reportedly naturalized in China, tropical Africa, Brazil, Belize, Colombia, the West Indies, Fiji and French Polynesia.[1 ... It is found in tropical Asia and Africa where it is widely used as a leaf vegetable. It is native to the Indian Subcontinent, ... The plant is native to tropical Asia.[5] Growth is slow in low temperatures resulting in low yields. Flowering is induced ...
Climate. The city's tropical location and high altitude combine to give it a relatively mild version of a tropical wet and dry ... "Climate & Weather Averages in Nashik, Maharashtra, India". www.timeanddate.com. Archived from the original on 10 August 2017. ... climate. Temperatures rise slightly in October, but this is followed by the cool season from November to February. The cool ...
Camellia sinensis is an evergreen plant that grows mainly in tropical and subtropical climates.[52] Some varieties can also ... In addition to a zone 8 climate or warmer, tea plants require at least 127 cm (50 in) of rainfall a year and prefer acidic ... tolerate marine climates and are cultivated as far north as Cornwall in England,[53] Perthshire in Scotland,[54] Washington ...
Steadman, D. (2006). Extinction and Biogeography in Tropical Pacific Birds. University of Chicago Press. pp. 342-351. ISBN 978- ... Many parrots have been introduced to areas with temperate climates, and have established stable populations in parts of the ... The first uncontroversial parrot fossils date to tropical Eocene Europe around 50 mya. Initially, a neoavian named Mopsitta ... Parrots are found on all tropical and subtropical continents and regions including Australia and Oceania, South Asia, Southeast ...
A Tropical monsoon climate (occasionally known as a tropical wet climate or a tropical monsoon and trade-wind littoral climate ... In essence, a tropical monsoon climate tends to either see more rainfall than a tropical savanna climate or have less ... as Tropical savanna climates do.. Tropical monsoon climates however has its driest month seeing on average less than 60 mm but ... is a type of climate that corresponds to the Köppen climate classification category "Am". Tropical monsoon climates have ...
A new and rare ice core record of tropical temperatures highlights changes in the of world climate, the El Niño/La Niña- ... A new and rare ice core record of tropical temperatures highlights changes in the enfants terribles of world climate, the El ... Big climate patterns. Ice cores draw the attention of climate researchers because the ratio of oxygen isotopes in the ice acts ... One notable climate event in the ice cores is the Little Ice Age, which chilled these tall mountains from 1520 to 1880. In ...
... especially those limited to tropical forests with stable climates, are less likely to keep up with rapid climate change." ... Tropical birds in arid zones are assumed to be resilient to hot, dry conditions, yet climate change may test their resilience ... Tropical mountain birds are among the most vulnerable to climate change. Warmer temperatures at lower elevations force them to ... Climate change and accompanying sea-level rise pose problems for birds in tropical coastal and island ecosystems, "which are ...
Formation of tropical cyclones: Tropical cyclones represent still another example of air-sea interactions. These storm systems ... Tropical cyclones may last from a few hours to as long as two weeks, the average lifetime being six days. ... Climate and the oceans*The ocean surface and climate anomalies. *Formation of tropical cyclones*Conditions associated with ... Effects of tropical cyclones on ocean waters. A tropical cyclone can affect the thermal structure and currents in the surface ...
So often so many of the things we talk about with climate change are this is going to be a problem in 2030 or 2050 or 2100, ... Its no secret that climate change can spread illnesses such as West Nile virus, Zika, and malaria, as rising temperatures push ... Climate warming has greatly expanded the range over which these bacteria can proliferate-with wide ranging impacts on ... While much attention has been paid to the direct physical threats from climate change, such as rising seas and searing drought ...
... after a new study suggested that major shifts in the number of North Atlantic tropical storms and hurricanes are due to climate ... Climate change has triggered three major shifts in the number of tropical storms that rise up in the North Atlantic, according ... The annual average of observed hurricanes and tropical storms in the North Atlantic has risen from 6 in the first part of the ... The first change came in 1905, starting a 25-year period with an average of 6.0 tropical storms or hurricanes per year. In 1931 ...
The cooling effect of mid-level clouds is currently missing in global climate models. ... 5 km altitude are more ubiquitous in the tropics than previously thought and they have a substantial cooling effect on climate ... The authors also hope that the climate research community will factor in clouds in climate models more often in the future so ... warm the climate. Overall, clouds cool the climate by about 20 W m-2. In contrast, the Earth receives on average about 340 W m- ...
The monthly Climate Diagnostics Bulletin reports on the previous months status of the ocean-atmosphere climate system in the ... Climate Prediction Center. 5200 Auth Road. Camp Springs, Maryland 20746. Climate Prediction Center Web Team. Disclaimer Privacy ...
Tropical forests are unlikely to die off as a result of the predicted rise in atmospheric greenhouse gases this century, a new ... tropical forests, climate models, HadCM3, climate change, resiliency of tropical forests, preventing deforestation ) Judy - ... Tropical Forests Unexpectedly Resilient to Climate Change. Science & Tech (tags: climate science, international group of ... Tropical forests are unlikely to die off as a result of the predicted rise in atmospheric greenhouse gases this century, a new ...
... but climate change is forcing their migration and threatening the forests of the sea. ... Tropical fish are the glimmering jewels in the depths of our oceans, ... A school of tropical plant-eating fish.. Credit:Adriana Verges. In reefs where coral are the main species that form the habitat ... Climate-driven changes are causing the fish to extend their range into temperate regions, threatening kelp forests and seagrass ...
Tropical groundwater may prove to be a climate-resilient source of freshwater in the tropics as intense rainfall favors the ... Tropical groundwater resources resilient to climate change. University College London. Journal. Environmental Research Letters ... Tropical groundwater may prove to be a climate-resilient source of freshwater in the tropics as intense rainfall favours the ... Climate change modifies the composition of reefs Universitat Autonoma de Barcelona * Scientists quantify the vast and valuable ...
The Tropical Andes are expected to experience some of the most drastic change in climate in South America (Urrutia and Vuille, ... 2009; Hijmans et al., 2005). However, projections of future climate change using different models in the Tropical Andes are ... The clearest trend in the Tropical Andes is the increase in air temperature. ... Climate change in the Tropical Andes. The clearest trend in the Tropical Andes is the increase in air temperature. The Tropical ...
The idea that climate change might actually decrease the frequency of tropical cyclones (TCs) is not an entirely new idea. ... Hurricanes and tropical storms will become less frequent by the end of the century as a result of climate change, US ... "The idea that climate change might actually decrease the frequency of tropical cyclones (TCs) is not an entirely new idea.… ... 62 Responses to "Climate Change and Tropical Cyclones (Yet Again)". 1 2 Next » ...
Michael Mann Just as Typhoon Nargis has reminded us of the destructive power of tropical cyclones (with its horrible death toll ... The idea that climate change might actually decrease the frequency of tropical cyclones (TCs) is not an entirely new idea. ... Hurricanes and tropical storms will become less frequent by the end of the century as a result of climate change, US ... "The idea that climate change might actually decrease the frequency of tropical cyclones (TCs) is not an entirely new idea.… ...
Macron has threatened to veto the EU-South American trade deal if Brazils president-elect pulls out of the Paris Climate ... Macron Threatens to Veto EU-Mercosur Trade Deal If Brazils Tropical Trump Pulls out of Climate Accord. 478. Sean Gallup/ ... Latin AmericaLondon / EuropePoliticsBrazilEmmanuel MacronEU-Mercosur dealJair BolsonaroMercosurParis Climate AccordSouth ... Macron has caused upset in his country over his zealous adherence to the climate change agenda, with Yellow Jacket protesters ...
Hyperventilation Tetany in Tropical Climates. Br Med J 1941; 2 doi: https://doi.org/10.1136/bmj.2.4205.210 (Published 09 August ...
... mountain climber and physicist Mark Bowen follows researchers who are finding clues to climate change in high-altitude tropical ... Unlocking the Secrets of Climate in the Worlds Highest Mountain Ranges, ...
3. Climate Analysis and Thermal Behavior of Green Roof. 3.1. Climate Analysis. The climate approach used in the research that ... Thermal Behavior of Green Roofs Applied to Tropical Climate. Grace Tibério Cardoso1 and Francisco Vecchia2 ... M. Docherty and S. V. Szokolay, Climate Analysis. Brisbane, PLEA: Passive and Low Energy Architecture International, University ... thermal performance of six different extensive green roofs and reflective and non-reflective roofs in a sub-tropical climate," ...
Countys health department warns that the warming side effects of climate change could lead straight to an upswing in tropical ... He identified two tropical diseases: dengue fever, carried by mosquitos, and Chagas disease, spread by the blood-sucking " ... He says hes concerned that climate change is leading to warming temperatures, and that they in turn are "providing a habitat ... Inside an air-conditioned hearing with the Senate Environment and Public Works Committee, climate skeptics argued temperature ...
There are three basic types of tropical climates within the tropical climate group: tropical rainforest climate (Af), tropical ... Tropical climate is one of the five major climate groups in the Köppen climate classification. Tropical climates are ... In Group A, there are three types of climate: tropical rainforest climate (Af), tropical monsoon climate (Am) and tropical wet ... "Tropical Rainforest Biome - Tropical Moist Climates (Af) , The Tropical Climate , The Köppen Climate Classification System , ...
A tropical climate is a type of climate typical in the tropics. It is a damp climate in which all twelve months have mean ... Tropical Climates have almost continuous rainfall throughout the year, usually in the afternoon. ... Retrieved from "https://simple.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Tropical_climate&oldid=5208874" ...
Medical authorities say the implications for human health as a result of climate change are serious The old the sick and the ... Tropical diseases could be hidden risk of climate change. Sarah Clarke reported this story on Wednesday, January 16, 2013 08:09 ... SARAH CLARKE: The climate scientists have also delivered an outlook of more intense storms and extreme weather. Some of the low ... MARIA SIMON CHI FANG: Climate change for the Kiribati people is about losing our culture, losing our identity, everything that ...
Tropical groundwater may prove to be a climate-resilient source of freshwater in the tropics as intense rainfall favours the ... Tropical groundwater resources resilient to climate change. Tropical groundwater resources resilient to climate change. 11 ... Tropical groundwater may prove to be a climate-resilient source of freshwater in the tropics as intense rainfall favours the ... As climate observations show that global warming leads to fewer but more intense rainfalls, a clearer understanding of how ...
Tropical savanna climate or tropical wet and dry climate is a type of climate that corresponds to the Köppen climate ... In essence, a tropical savanna climate tends to either see less rainfall than a tropical monsoon climate or have more ... Tropical savanna climates are most commonly found in Africa, Asia and South America. The climate is also prevalent in sections ... Most places that have this climate are found at the outer margins of the tropical zone, but occasionally an inner-tropical ...
... that climate and weather at higher latitudes have as much of an influence on the tropics as tropical weather and climate ... It has long been known that tropical climate - by redistributing vast amounts of solar energy through welling hot air and the ... "But we have found that the extratropics exert a strong control on tropical climate. This is our first estimate of the ... It will enable scientists to gain more insight into climate and climate change as an unknown mechanism is revealed and added to ...
New interactive map shows climate change everywhere in world 22.03.2018 , University of Cincinnati ... Oceans formed before Tharsis and evolved together, shaping climate history of Mars ... but greater than the cooling calculated for the tropical Pacific zones closer to the Equator. (3) Thermocline: a zone of steep ... was expressed in the Pacific by the absence of any South Pacific Convergence Zone activity and the movement of tropical waters ...
As climate change heats up, regions previously too cold for insects like mosquitoes and ticks suddenly become viable stomping ... Tropical Brain-Infecting Fungus Afflicts Canada, Climate Change May be to Blame (Video). ... More on Climate Change and Diseases. Climate Change Too Abstract For You? Dengue Fever Could Spread to the USA. New Worries ... Tropical Brain-Infecting Fungus Afflicts Canada, Climate Change May be to Blame (Video) ...
... year temperature swings and a century-long warming trend across West Antarctica are linked to conditions in the tropical ... Steig adds that while the influence of tropical climate on West Antarctica climate was not unknown, "these results are the ... Antarctic Climate: Short-Term Spikes, Long-Term Warming Linked to Tropical Pacific. ... Decoding the climate record-----. Ice-core analysis is critical for understanding the climate of West Antarctica. Few weather ...
The monthly Climate Diagnostics Bulletin reports on the previous months status of the ocean-atmosphere climate system in the ... Climate Prediction Center. 5200 Auth Road. Camp Springs, Maryland 20746. Climate Prediction Center Web Team. Disclaimer Privacy ... Anomalies are departures from the 1971 2000 adjusted OI climatology (Smith and Reynolds 1998, J. Climate, 11, 3320-3323). ...
... according to climate scientists at Texas A&M University. ... Oceans subsurface provides clues as to why Earths climate is ... A new record of past temperature change in the tropical Atlantic ... Past Tropical Climate Change Linked to Ocean Circulation. *Aug ... A new record of past temperature change in the tropical Atlantic Oceans subsurface provides clues as to why Earths climate is ... They also conducted global climate model simulations under the past climate condition to interpret this new observational ...
  • As if we needed another horrifying impact of climate change to cope with, chalk up the possible rise of a brain-infecting killer fungus. (treehugger.com)
  • That doesn't mean polar bears and other wildlife in the polar regions won't feel the impact of climate change. (risingtidenorthamerica.org)
  • Appraisal of the present and future impact of climate change and climate variability on the transmission of infectious diseases is a complex but pressing public health issue. (ajtmh.org)
  • we find that the expected demographic changes are very likely to outpace the impact of climate change on water availability and should therefore be the priority for local policy making. (populationmedia.org)
  • Despite all the uncertainty of the future impact of climate change, the impact of population growth is much bigger," said Wouter Buytaert of Imperial College London, an environmental engineer and lead author of the study. (populationmedia.org)
  • Despite these uncertainties, we find that the expected demographic changes are very likely to outpace the impact of climate change on water availability and should therefore be the priority for local policy making. (www.gov.uk)
  • Thin clouds at about 5 km altitude are more ubiquitous in the tropics than previously thought and they have a substantial cooling effect on climate. (eurekalert.org)
  • Using the satellite observations and high-resolution numerical modelling, we find that thin mid-level clouds are frequently formed in the tropics in the vicinity of deep convective clouds and that their cooling effect could be as large as the warming induced by high cirrus clouds", says lead author of the study Quentin Bourgeois, postdoctoral associate at the Department of Meteorology (MISU) and the Bolin Centre for Climate Research, Stockholm University. (eurekalert.org)
  • Tropical groundwater may prove to be a climate-resilient source of freshwater in the tropics as intense rainfall favours the replenishment of these resources, according to a new study published in Environmental Research Letters . (eurekalert.org)
  • Other influences on groundwater storage including excessive pumpage, substantial changes in total precipitation, and land-use change can undermine and overwhelm this resilience of groundwater resources in the tropics to climate change. (eurekalert.org)
  • Future research will explore how the combination of climate change and pumping will impact the availability of groundwater supplies across the tropics. (eurekalert.org)
  • A tropical climate is a type of climate typical in the tropics . (wikipedia.org)
  • But our model shows that these phenomena are equally weighted, that climate and weather at higher latitudes have as much of an influence on the tropics as tropical weather and climate influence the higher latitudes. (innovations-report.com)
  • According to the scenario depicted by the modeling experiments conducted by Liu and colleague Haijun Yang, the heat carried via the atmospheric bridges from the tropics to higher latitudes is reduced as a result of warming climate in the higher latitudes. (innovations-report.com)
  • When climate change caused the region to warm up, the cryptococcus began emerging in tropics-like concentrations, allowing the fungus to infect people's brains. (treehugger.com)
  • Geological oceanographer Matthew Schmidt and two of his graduate students teamed up with Ping Chang, a physical oceanographer and climate modeler, to help uncover an important climate connection between the tropics and the high latitude North Atlantic. (eponline.com)
  • When the tropics warmed, it altered climate patterns around the globe. (eponline.com)
  • It has often been assumed that tropical organisms are much better at dealing with high temperatures than those in colder climates because the lowland tropics are always warm. (biologynews.net)
  • Climate warming is what we know with certainty will happen under climate change in the tropics,' said Josep G. Canadell, executive director of the Global Carbon Project in Canberra, Australia, and co-author on the paper. (nasa.gov)
  • We apply a multivariate model evaluation to the relationship between climate, vegetation and fire in the tropics using the JSBACH land surface model and two remote-sensing data sets, with the aim to identify the potential for model improvement. (biogeosciences.net)
  • Atmospheric circulation patterns drive convection in the tropics and can have a far-reaching effect on global climate. (summitcountyvoice.com)
  • Tropical cyclones represent still another example of air-sea interactions. (britannica.com)
  • Tropical cyclones may last from a few hours to as long as two weeks, the average lifetime being six days. (britannica.com)
  • The oceans provide the source of energy for tropical cyclones both by direct heat transfer from their surface (known as sensible heat ) and by the evaporation of water. (britannica.com)
  • They originate in two distinct latitude zones, between 4° and 22° S and between 4° and 35° N. They are absent in the equatorial zone between 4° S and 4° N. Most tropical cyclones are spawned on the poleward side of the region known as the intertropical convergence zone (ITCZ). (britannica.com)
  • More than two-thirds of observed tropical cyclones originate in the Northern Hemisphere. (britannica.com)
  • Most Northern Hemispheric tropical cyclones occur between May and November, with peak periods in August and September. (britannica.com)
  • The formation of tropical cyclones is strongly influenced by the temperature of the underlying ocean or, more specifically, by the thermal energy available in the upper 60 metres (about 200 feet) of ocean waters. (britannica.com)
  • Just as Typhoon Nargis has reminded us of the destructive power of tropical cyclones (with its horrible death toll in Burma-around 100,000 according to the UN), a new paper by Knutson et al in the latest issue of the journal Nature Geosciences purports to project a reduction in Atlantic hurricane activity (principally the 'frequency' but also integrated measures of powerfulness). (realclimate.org)
  • The idea that climate change might actually decrease the frequency of tropical cyclones (TCs) is not an entirely new idea. (realclimate.org)
  • Knutson et al project future changes in Atlantic TC behavior by using a regional climate model (RCM) which produces tropical cyclones (though ones that are too weak-see discussion below) to 'downscale' climate change impacts. (realclimate.org)
  • And both studies project a decrease in the frequency of Atlantic tropical cyclones (though see caveats below). (realclimate.org)
  • WEST LAFAYETTE, Indiana -- Purdue University researchers have found evidence that tropical cyclones and hurricanes play an important role in the ocean circulation patterns that transport heat and maintain the climate of North America and Europe. (underwatertimes.com)
  • It is remarkable how closely the amount of mixing generated by the cyclones and the location of this mixing matches what appears to be needed to improve climate models," Jayne said. (underwatertimes.com)
  • The global characteristics of tropical cyclones (TCs) simulated by several climate models are analyzed and compared with observations. (osti.gov)
  • KEO is a moored buoy, located off the coast of Japan, where it is frequently in the path of storms and tropical cyclones. (noaa.gov)
  • Using millennia-long climate model simulations, favorable environments for tropical cyclone formation are examined to determine whether the record number of tropical cyclones in the 2005 Atlantic season is close to the maximum possible number for the present climate of that basin. (sciencemag.org)
  • however, the estimated maximum possible number of tropical cyclones does not greatly exceed the 2005 total. (sciencemag.org)
  • Hence, the 2005 season can be used as a risk management benchmark for the maximum possible number of tropical cyclones in the Atlantic. (sciencemag.org)
  • The 2005 Atlantic hurricane season produced a record-breaking 28 named tropical cyclones (TCs), 15 of which reached hurricane intensity ( 1 ). (sciencemag.org)
  • According to the researchers' model, proliferating greenhouse gases would likely increase the incidence of severe tropical cyclones and hurricanes, which would increase storm-related damage. (scitechdaily.com)
  • The researchers randomly scattered hundreds of thousands of "seeds," or potential tropical cyclones, throughout each of the four models, then ran the models to see where the seeds developed into significant storms. (scitechdaily.com)
  • The maximum potential intensity is predominantly a function of the background environment alone (i.e. without a tropical cyclone), and thus this quantity can be used to determine which regions on Earth can support tropical cyclones of a given intensity, and how these regions may evolve in time. (wikipedia.org)
  • So says Osvaldo Canziani , a physicist and doctor in meteorology who was co-participant in the Nobel Peace Prize 2007 as a member of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. (treehugger.com)
  • Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. (ajtmh.org)
  • This discovery represents a milestone in the path toward developing mitigation technologies in the livestock production sector," said Jacobo Arango, a study co-author who is an environmental biologist from CIAT and a Lead Author for the next Assessment Report on Climate Change Mitigation of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC). (wattsupwiththat.com)
  • The researchers relied on four existing climate models commonly used by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change to assess climate risks. (scitechdaily.com)
  • The climate record comes from Peru's stunning Cordillera Oriental mountain range, home to Quelccaya, the world's largest tropical ice cap . (yahoo.com)
  • As a result, West Antarctica has one of the world's most variable climates. (newswise.com)
  • The world's tropical forests store a quarter-century worth of fossil fuel emissions in their trees alone. (azocleantech.com)
  • Co-author Professor Beatriz Marimon from the State University of Mato Grosso in Brazil studies some of the world's hottest tropical forests in central Brazil. (azocleantech.com)
  • The insights into how the world's tropical forests respond to climate were only possible with decades of careful fieldwork, often in remote locations. (azocleantech.com)
  • Climate change threatens the world's poorest people most. (cgdev.org)
  • It's time for the world's rich countries to invest more-much more-in protecting tropical forests. (cgdev.org)
  • Really old, in fact, which comes as a surprise to a team of American and Brazilian researchers studying tree growth in the world's largest tropical region. (bio-medicine.org)
  • If tropical deforestation were its own country, it would be the world's largest emitter, ahead of the United States and on par with China. (cgdev.org)
  • Here we present evidence for globally consistent responses in vegetation dynamics to recent climate change in the world's mountain ecosystems located in the pan-tropical belt (30°N -30°S). We analysed decadal-scale trends and seasonal cycles of vegetation greenness using monthly time series of satellite greenness (Normalized Difference Vegetation Index) and climate data for the period 1982-2006 for 47 mountain protected areas in five biodiversity hotspots. (cifor.org)
  • Scientists expect climate change to bring not only continued warming, but larger and-or more frequent extreme weather events such as droughts, heat waves, fires, cold spells and "once-in-a-century" storms and hurricanes. (redorbit.com)
  • While much attention has been paid to the direct physical threats from climate change, such as rising seas and searing drought, scientists are really only beginning to understand many of the potential disease implications. (nationalgeographic.com)
  • Inside an air-conditioned hearing with the Senate Environment and Public Works Committee, climate skeptics argued temperature statistics with scientists. (scpr.org)
  • SARAH CLARKE: The climate scientists have also delivered an outlook of more intense storms and extreme weather. (abc.net.au)
  • It will enable scientists to gain more insight into climate and climate change as an unknown mechanism is revealed and added to the mix of variables that researchers must grasp as they wrestle with the hugely complex problem of understanding and forecasting climate change. (innovations-report.com)
  • IRD scientists have revealed, in an article just published in Nature, that the cooling event known in the Northern Hemisphere as the Younger Dryas (about 12 000 years B.P.) was expressed in the Pacific by the absence of any South Pacific Convergence Zone activity and the movement of tropical waters closer to the Equator. (innovations-report.com)
  • Newswise - Dramatic year-to-year temperature swings and a century-long warming trend across West Antarctica are linked to conditions in the tropical Pacific Ocean, according to a new analysis of ice cores conducted by scientists at the National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR) and the University of Washington (UW). (newswise.com)
  • A new record of past temperature change in the tropical Atlantic Ocean's subsurface provides clues as to why Earth's climate is so sensitive to ocean circulation patterns, according to climate scientists at Texas A&M University. (eponline.com)
  • A meticulous re-creation of a 3-decade-old study of birds on a mountainside in Peru has given scientists a rare chance to prove how the changing climate is pushing species out of the places they are best adapted to. (phys.org)
  • The immediate cause of this slowdown has puzzled climate scientists. (hawaii.edu)
  • Using this unbiased, reconstructed surface temperature data set in four widely used atmospheric models, the scientists were able to reproduce quite closely the observed patterns of climate change seen over the 60-year period in the tropical Indo-Pacific and the slowdown of the Walker circulation. (hawaii.edu)
  • It's the tropical creatures that could really struggle if the climate warms even a few degrees in places that are already hot, scientists reported on Monday. (risingtidenorthamerica.org)
  • Even if climate change only progresses moderately - as scientists are currently observing - the risk of infection will continue to increase in many regions of the world through the end of the 21st century. (uni-bayreuth.de)
  • Scientists need to work together more than ever, as monitoring the health of our planet's great tropical forests is vital for all of us. (azocleantech.com)
  • As residents in Japan prepare for Tropical Storm Lionrock today, scientists at NOAA and the University of Washington's Joint Institute for the Study of the Atmosphere and Ocean (JISAO) study the behavior of the storm. (noaa.gov)
  • The scientists used 19 climate models to project how climate change may affect urban water resources of the tropical Andes over the next 60 years. (populationmedia.org)
  • NASA scientists and an international team of researchers have found tropical ecosystems can generate significant carbon dioxide when temperatures rise, unlike ecosystems in other parts of the world. (nasa.gov)
  • The study provides support for the 'carbon-climate feedback' hypothesis proposed by many scientists. (nasa.gov)
  • If you're planning to build that dream beach house along the East Coast of the United States, or would like to relocate to the Caribbean, a new study by economists and climate scientists suggests you may want to reconsider. (scitechdaily.com)
  • As the frequency, duration and magnitude of these marine heatwaves increases due to human-induced climate change, scientists have yet to fully grasp the physiological, behavioral, and long-term consequences for wild fish populations. (oist.jp)
  • Researchers in the Marine Climate Change Unit at the Okinawa Institute of Science and Technology Graduate University (OIST), in collaboration with scientists from the ARC Centre of Excellence for Coral Reef Studies, James Cook University in Australia and the University of Hong Kong, have studied patterns of gene expression in five species of coral reef fish collected at different points before, during, and after the 2016 heatwave. (oist.jp)
  • According to the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), the preeminent ocean temperature measuring buoy system named "ARGO," is helping oceanographers and climate scientists answer one of the most important climate question of the decade. (climatechangedispatch.com)
  • As an example, climate scientists, politicians, and the public should actually be asking this question: Why has the tropical Pacific Ocean dramatically warmed during the last 12 months when the atmosphere and all other oceans haven't warmed? (climatechangedispatch.com)
  • Given these ARGO depth and spacing restrictions it's easy to understand why climate scientists attempting to locate heat flow sources for the warming Pacific Ocean have never considered geological point sources. (climatechangedispatch.com)
  • SUMMIT COUNTY - A new set of more complete sea surface temperature data has helped scientists explain a gradual, decades-long slowdown of a key tropical atmospheric circulation, linking it with the steady increase in global temperatures during the past few decades. (summitcountyvoice.com)
  • In addition, "compared to temperate species that often experience a wide range of temperature on a yearly basis, tropical species, especially those limited to tropical forests with stable climates, are less likely to keep up with rapid climate change. (redorbit.com)
  • Birds with slower metabolisms often live in cooler tropical environments with relatively little temperature variation. (redorbit.com)
  • They can withstand a narrower range of temperature and are more vulnerable to climate change. (redorbit.com)
  • Å ekercioÄ lu acknowledges that "not all effects of climate change are negative, and changes in temperature and precipitation regimes will benefit some species. (redorbit.com)
  • This temperature requirement, however, is only one of five that need to be met for a tropical cyclone to form and develop. (britannica.com)
  • The clearest trend in the Tropical Andes is the increase in air temperature. (grida.no)
  • The experimental results from internal air temperature measurements show that the green roofs applied to warm and dry climates also provide an interesting time lag with surface and internal air temperature reduction. (hindawi.com)
  • The annual temperature range in tropical climates is normally very small. (wikipedia.org)
  • It defines a tropical climate as a region where the mean temperature of the coldest month is greater than or equal to 18 ℃ (64.4 ℉) and classifies them as an A-group (tropical climate group). (wikipedia.org)
  • Tropical rainforest climates have high temperatures: the yearly average temperature is between 21 °C to 30 °C ( 70 °F to 85 °F ). The precipitation can reach over 100 inches a year. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Köppen classification tool identifies tropical monsoon climate as having small annual temperature ranges, high temperatures, and plentiful precipitation. (wikipedia.org)
  • The researchers used geochemical clues in fossils called foraminifera, tiny sea creatures with a hard shell, collected from a sediment core located off the northern coast of Venezuela, to generate a 22,000-year record of past ocean temperature and salinity changes in the upper 1,500 feet of water in the western tropical Atlantic. (eponline.com)
  • In those parts of tropical Asia where low temperature or drought impose a seasonal rest period, regular annual cycles of growth and reproduction predominate at the individual, population, and community level. (springer.com)
  • King, P., "Low Temperature Viscosity Requirements for Engine Oils in Temperate and Tropical Climates," SAE Technical Paper 770631, 1977, https://doi.org/10.4271/770631 . (sae.org)
  • This research aims to use the outdoor thermal environment evaluation index ETFe to quantify effects on the thermal sense of the human body of a tropical region climate with small annual temperature differences, and to examine seasonal differences in the thermal sense. (scirp.org)
  • Given that the average temperature of the earth is forecasted to rise, studying the effects on the human body from outdoor thermal environments in tropical regions is important for considering how to spend time outdoors in the future. (scirp.org)
  • In order to reduce the serious effects due to climate change, countries throughout the world are aiming for a global consensus to keep the average temperature rise to less than 2˚C compared to the era before the Industrial Revolution. (scirp.org)
  • Areas with moderate thermal environments would transform into tropical areas, and there is a possibility that those areas will have smaller annual temperature differences. (scirp.org)
  • Physiological functions of the human body are affected by annual temperature differences and nutrition intake ratios, etc., which climate change also affects. (scirp.org)
  • The global climate models were forced by the same sea surface temperature (SST) fields in two types of experiments, using climatological SST and interannually varying SST. (osti.gov)
  • Factors of temperature tolerance and range of movement also effect how species in each of these regions will respond to climate change. (phys.org)
  • Because tropical species can't withstand large temperature shifts and have limited movement, they are much more susceptible to rapid temperature shifts due to anthropogenic climate change . (phys.org)
  • Slight differences in this temperature across the tropical Indo-Pacific Ocean can greatly affect wind and rainfall. (hawaii.edu)
  • Many of these tropical creatures are living at the edge of their temperature tolerance already. (risingtidenorthamerica.org)
  • The tropical species in our data were mostly thermal specialists, meaning that their current climate is nearly ideal and any temperature increases will spell trouble for them," Tewksbury said in a statement. (risingtidenorthamerica.org)
  • The team reveal that tropical forests continue to store high levels of carbon under high temperatures, showing that in the long run these forests can handle heat up to an estimated threshold of 32 degrees Celsius in daytime temperature. (azocleantech.com)
  • Our analysis reveals that up to a certain point of heating tropical forests are surprisingly resistant to small temperature differences. (azocleantech.com)
  • They all have a general idea as to what constitutes climate, but many of them have very little conception of the relation between insolation and temperature in different latitudes, or of other of the complex details that comprise the climate. (ajtmh.org)
  • At the landmark Paris climate conference in 2015, countries unanimously pledged to keep global temperature rise to well below two degrees Celsius. (cgdev.org)
  • Events that can temporarily influence climate, such as volcanic eruptions, may disturb the strength of the relationship between annual temperature and carbon dioxide growth for a few years, but the coupling always recovers after such events. (nasa.gov)
  • Read on to find out more about the August 2020 outlook for temperature and precipitation from NOAA's Climate Prediction Center. (climate.gov)
  • Global warming and the subsequent events of climate variability may have greater repercussions for marine ecosystems than for terrestrial ecosystems, because temperature influences water column stability, nutrient enrichment, and changes in the biodiversity of plankton communities and its reproductive cycles. (omicsonline.org)
  • Each of the models track and forecast certain climate variables such as wind, temperature, large-scale ocean currents and ocean temperatures. (scitechdaily.com)
  • The law graduate-turned-farmer is part of a new generation of Sicilian cultivators, taking advantage of the 1.5 degree Celsius (2.7 degree Fahrenheit) temperature rise to redefine the island's agricultural profile by producing in harmony with nature while simultaneously adapting to the changing local climate. (dw.com)
  • T {\displaystyle T} is the sea surface temperature underneath the center of the tropical cyclone, T 0 {\displaystyle T_{0}} is a reference temperature (30 ˚C) and A {\displaystyle A} , B {\displaystyle B} and C {\displaystyle C} are curve-fit constants. (wikipedia.org)
  • This is consistent with previous studies that suggest that the main variability in Atlantic storms is dictated by the Atlantic Multi-decadal Oscillation and that there is little to no impact of global warming on the number of tropical storms. (newscientist.com)
  • As climate observations show that global warming leads to fewer but more intense rainfalls, a clearer understanding of how these sources are replenished is crucial for developing strategies for groundwater usage that are better adapted to the greater variability in rainfall and river discharge brought about by climate change. (eurekalert.org)
  • In our new paper " Sensitivity of tropical carbon to climate change constrained by carbon dioxide variability " Nature (2013), a technique called "emerging constraints" is used. (ceh.ac.uk)
  • The robustness of current phenological patterns to high interannual and spatial variability suggests that most plant species will not be seriously affected by the phenological consequences alone of climate change. (springer.com)
  • McCarthy, M. P., and R. Toumi, 2004: Observed Interannual Variability of Tropical Troposphere Relative Humidity. (ametsoc.org)
  • Relative humidity fields from the High-Resolution Infrared Radiation Sounder (HIRS) flown on NOAA series satellites since 1979 have been used to study the seasonal aspects of the interannual variability of relative humidity in the tropical troposphere. (ametsoc.org)
  • There have been significant research progresses in tropical-subtropical weather and forecasting, climate variability and climate change predictability, and air-sea interactions and oceanic dynamics in recent years. (clivar.org)
  • Regional climate models (RCMs), with their increased resolution, may offer one means of improving general circulation model forecasts of higher time frequency precipitation variability. (diva-portal.org)
  • Part I of this study evaluated the ability of the Rossby Centre regional atmospheric model (RCA), forced by analysed boundary conditions, to simulate seasonal mean precipitation anomalies over the tropical Americas associated with ENSO variability. (diva-portal.org)
  • In order to understand the impacts of climate variability and changes on the tropical coastal and marine ecosystems, study has been undertaken to investigate the diversity and abundance of plankton in the most important tropical estuarine system, a unique coastal marine environment in South India, as it is connected with mangrove ecosystem, brackish water and Bay of Bengal. (omicsonline.org)
  • The climate variability and changes exert major influence on the diversity of plankton communities and significantly affect the marine food webs and other trophic levels. (omicsonline.org)
  • A Tropical monsoon climate (occasionally known as a tropical wet climate or a tropical monsoon and trade-wind littoral climate ) is a type of climate that corresponds to the Köppen climate classification category "Am". Tropical monsoon climates have monthly mean temperatures above 18 °C (64.4 °F) in every month of the year and feature wet and dry seasons, as Tropical savanna climates do. (wikipedia.org)
  • Tropical monsoon climates however has its driest month seeing on average less than 60 mm but more than 100 - [total annual precipitation {mm}/25] of precipitation. (wikipedia.org)
  • Tropical monsoon climates are most commonly found in South and Central America . (wikipedia.org)
  • The monsoon climates of Africa, and the Americas for that matter, are typically located along tradewind coasts. (wikipedia.org)
  • This version's precipitation pattern is similar to precipitation patterns observed in some tropical monsoon climates but does not experience enough rainfall during the wet season to be classified as such. (wikipedia.org)
  • Such storms are truly phenomena of the tropical oceans. (britannica.com)
  • They are the glimmering jewels in the depths of our oceans, but plant-eating tropical fish are beginning to threaten Australia's forests under the sea. (smh.com.au)
  • Over tropical oceans, RSS increases relative to UAH quite consistently, whereas the patterns over tropical land are quite erratic. (climateaudit.org)
  • The main goal of this workshop is to provide a platform for researchers from various disciplines to discuss the recent advances, establish collaborations, and identify challenges toward better understanding of the topical-subtropical weather, climate, and oceans. (clivar.org)
  • Can the SST biases in coupled climate model simulations of the eastern tropical Atlantic and Pacific oceans be reduced? (clivar.org)
  • Sea surface temperatures that are too warm in the eastern tropical Atlantic and Pacific oceans have long stymied coupled climate model depictions of our planet. (clivar.org)
  • A fresh look and update was undertaken by the international Eastern Tropical Oceans Synthesis Working Group, with a specific focus on comparing and contrasting the physical processes governing the two basins. (clivar.org)
  • : 200-1 This latter fact is in direct contrast to a tropical savanna climate, whose driest month sees less than 60 mm of precipitation and also less than 100 - [total annual precipitation {mm}/25] of precipitation. (wikipedia.org)
  • However, unlike most tropical savanna climates, a sizeable amount of precipitation also falls during the dry season(s). (wikipedia.org)
  • Annual precipitation is often abundant in tropical climates, and shows a seasonal rhythm to varying degrees. (wikipedia.org)
  • There are three basic types of tropical climates within the tropical climate group: tropical rainforest climate (Af), tropical monsoon climate (Am) and tropical wet and dry or savanna climate (Aw or As), which are classified and distinguished by the annual precipitation and the precipitation level of the driest month in those regions. (wikipedia.org)
  • All of the three climates are classified by their Pdry (short for precipitation of the driest month). (wikipedia.org)
  • Tropical monsoon climate's Pdry should be in the range from 100 − m e a n a n n u a l p r e c i p i t a t i o n 25 {\displaystyle 100-{\tfrac {mean\ annual\ precipitation}{25}}} to 60 mm. (wikipedia.org)
  • The warmth and abundant precipitation contributes to the diversity and characteristics of vegetations under the tropical rainforest climate. (wikipedia.org)
  • This latter fact is in direct contrast to a tropical monsoon climate, whose driest month sees less than 60 mm (2.4 in) of precipitation but has more than 100 − ( T o t a l A n n u a l P r e c i p i t a t i o n ( m m ) 25 ) {\textstyle 100-\left({\frac {Total\ Annual\ Precipitation\ (mm)}{25}}\right)} of precipitation. (wikipedia.org)
  • There are variations within this version: On one extreme, the region receives just enough precipitation during the short wet season to preclude it from a semi-arid climate classification. (wikipedia.org)
  • In essence, this version mimics the precipitation patterns more commonly found in a tropical monsoon climate, but do not receive enough precipitation during either the dry season or the year to be classified as such. (wikipedia.org)
  • The local precipitation anomaly pattern in the eastern tropical Pacific just north of the equator has a large influence on precipitation events in California. (ametsoc.org)
  • In addition to ENSO, precipitation in California is also modulated by the tropical intraseasonal oscillation. (ametsoc.org)
  • The correlation between precipitation and tree cover is higher in the observations than in the largely climate-driven vegetation model, with both fire models. (biogeosciences.net)
  • The monthly outlooks from the Climate Prediction Center, importantly, are not predictions for the actual temperatures or precipitation amounts on a given day in August. (climate.gov)
  • The precipitation outlook across the eastern United States is heavily influenced by the rain expected from Hurricane, now Tropical Storm, Isaias. (climate.gov)
  • Climate models, therefore, differ more from observations in the Andes than in other parts of South America. (grida.no)
  • Regions affected by tropical rainforest climate mainly include the upper Amazon basin of South America, the Northern Zaire (Congo) basin of Africa, and the islands of the East Indies. (wikipedia.org)
  • Tropical savanna climates are most commonly found in Africa, Asia and South America. (wikipedia.org)
  • However, new research that builds on data collected more than three decades ago demonstrates that lizards living in tropical forests in Central and South America and the Caribbean could be in serious peril from rising temperatures associated with climate change. (biologynews.net)
  • For this reason, the risk of being infected with the Chikungunya virus has - until now - been mainly limited to tropical regions of Africa, Asia, and South America. (uni-bayreuth.de)
  • Some parts of the tropical Andes, a region along the northwestern coast of South America, already lack sufficient water to meet demand. (populationmedia.org)
  • In essence, a tropical monsoon climate tends to either see more rainfall than a tropical savanna climate or have less pronounced dry seasons. (wikipedia.org)
  • Additionally, a tropical monsoon climate tends to see less variance in temperatures during the course of the year than a tropical savanna climate. (wikipedia.org)
  • In essence, this version of the tropical monsoon climate generally has less pronounced dry seasons than tropical savanna climates. (wikipedia.org)
  • This variation features pronounced dry seasons similar in length and character to dry seasons observed in tropical savanna climates. (wikipedia.org)
  • Tropical savanna climates generally do not see this level of sustained rainfall. (wikipedia.org)
  • In Group A, there are three types of climate: tropical rainforest climate (Af), tropical monsoon climate (Am) and tropical wet and dry or savanna climate (Aw or As). (wikipedia.org)
  • Tropical wet and dry or savanna vegetation including: acacia senegal, elephant grass, jarrah tree, gum tree eucalyptus and whistling thorn. (wikipedia.org)
  • Tropical savanna climate or tropical wet and dry climate is a type of climate that corresponds to the Köppen climate classification categories Aw (for a dry winter) and As (for a dry summer). (wikipedia.org)
  • In tropical savanna climates, the dry season can become severe, and often drought conditions prevail during the course of the year. (wikipedia.org)
  • Tropical savanna climates often feature tree-studded grasslands, rather than thick jungle. (wikipedia.org)
  • It is this widespread occurrence of tall, coarse grass (called savanna) which has led to Aw and As climates often being referred to as tropical savanna. (wikipedia.org)
  • There are generally four types of tropical savanna climates: Distinct wet and dry seasons of relatively equal duration. (wikipedia.org)
  • This drier variation of the tropical savanna climate is typically found adjacent to regions with semi-arid climates. (wikipedia.org)
  • Aide, T.M.: 1993, 'Patterns of Leaf Development and Herbivory in a Tropical Understorey Community', Ecology 74 , 455-466. (springer.com)
  • The findings have implications for similar patterns in other tropical mountain species. (phys.org)
  • Climate models show that clearing tropical forests will reduce rainfall and cause a shift in rain patterns across both time and space. (bard.edu)
  • We evaluate the model using a multivariate comparison that allows us to focus on the interactions between climate, vegetation and fire and test the influence of land use change on the modelled patterns. (biogeosciences.net)
  • The model captures the broad spatial patterns with regional differences, which are partly due to the climate forcing derived from an Earth system model. (biogeosciences.net)
  • Ice cores draw the attention of climate researchers because the ratio of oxygen isotopes in the ice acts like a thermometer for past climate and sea surface temperatures. (yahoo.com)
  • Researchers say that subtle changes in climate over the last 40 years may be the reason it's infecting people much farther north. (treehugger.com)
  • Researchers at the University of Bayreuth and the European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC) in Stockholm have now discovered how climate change is facilitating the spread of the Chikungunya virus. (uni-bayreuth.de)
  • The researchers in Bayreuth and Stockholm used two different climate change scenarios. (uni-bayreuth.de)
  • The researchers conclude that tropical forests have long-term capacity to adapt to some climate change, in part because of their high biodiversity as tree species better able to tolerate new climatic conditions grow well and replace less well-adapted species over the long-term. (azocleantech.com)
  • Researchers at the International Center for Tropical Agriculture (CIAT) have shown that Brachiaria grass species can reduce greenhouse gas emissions from cattle and increase productivity - and breeding improved varieties can potentially augment the environmental and economic benefits. (wattsupwiththat.com)
  • In addition, CIAT researchers have identified mechanisms that this tropical grass uses to efficiently acquire nutrients from soil. (wattsupwiththat.com)
  • As part of the Large-Scale Bi osphere-Atmosphere Experiment in Amazonia (LBA), the researchers revealed an interesting portrait of tree life beneath the limbs of the large trees that dominate tropical forests. (bio-medicine.org)
  • The readings provide viable insight and analysis, and should serve as inspiration for researchers not only interested in this problem but also in conducting studies of climate change impacts on ecosystems in other critical regions of the world. (nhbs.com)
  • New information from researchers at MIT and Yale University predict that economic damages from tropical storms could more than quadruple by the year 2100. (scitechdaily.com)
  • However, the researchers say by the year 2100, two factors could more than quadruple the economic damages caused by tropical storms in such regions and around the world: growing income and global warming. (scitechdaily.com)
  • In a paper published this week in Nature Climate Change, researchers developed a model to predict hurricanes around the world, looking at how hurricane activity might change in the next 100 years both with and without climate change. (scitechdaily.com)
  • Even in a world without climate change, where rates of greenhouse gas emissions remain stable, the researchers found that annual economic damages from hurricanes could double in the next century: Global population is expected to reach 9 billion by 2100, likely leading to more development along hurricane-prone coastlines. (scitechdaily.com)
  • The world cannot meet this pledge without stopping tropical deforestation. (cgdev.org)
  • Ending tropical deforestation and letting damaged forests recover could reduce current annual global greenhouse gas emissions by as much as 24 to 30 percent. (cgdev.org)
  • International agreement has been reached on how to incorporate forests into global strategies to protect the climate, many corporations have taken on commitments to get deforestation out of commodity supply chains, and dozens of developing country governments have expressed their willingness to increase their ambitions to reduce deforestation in return for more certain reward. (cgdev.org)
  • Seymour and Busch show how international support for efforts to stop deforestation can advance transparency and accountability, resulting in a triple win for sustainable development, climate stability, and good governance. (cgdev.org)
  • Continued deforestation in Honduras and elsewhere will not only worsen the impacts of future storms, it will also contribute to the likelihood of their occurrence: tropical deforestation is a major source of the emissions that cause climate change. (cgdev.org)
  • [6] Reducing emissions from deforestation and forest degradation is therefore an essential element of any climate change mitigation strategy. (cgdev.org)
  • Today, tropical deforestation is responsible for 10% of human-caused greenhouse gas emissions . (bard.edu)
  • Tropical deforestation and degradation may be causing 10% of our global climate crisis , but with proper care, these same forests could become up to 30% of the solution. (bard.edu)
  • Articles (III) and (IV) examine the role of carbon-based policy instruments in the presence of taxes on land incomes in curbing tropical deforestation. (helsinki.fi)
  • The carbon payments may complement these taxes, and an effective policy to combat tropical deforestation should jointly target forestry and cash-crop sectors. (helsinki.fi)
  • A proposal is made to extend the existing SAE classification by defining an SAE 30W number for use in temperate and tropical climates. (sae.org)
  • The research compares rates of species evolution in three types of aquatic stream insects-mayflies (Ephemeroptera), stoneflies (Plecoptera) and caddisflies (Trichoptera) - in temperate and tropical mountain areas. (phys.org)
  • The annual average of observed hurricanes and tropical storms in the North Atlantic has risen from 6 in the first part of the 20th century (white), to 10 after 1931 (mid blue) to 15 after 1995 (dark blue). (newscientist.com)
  • Climate change has triggered three major shifts in the number of tropical storms that rise up in the North Atlantic, according to a new analysis of 20th century records. (newscientist.com)
  • The first change came in 1905, starting a 25-year period with an average of 6.0 tropical storms or hurricanes per year. (newscientist.com)
  • They are least protected from climate-related disasters by savings or insurance, least able to access modern health care when diseases spread, and least able to move to safer locations when storms rage. (cgdev.org)
  • [4] The role of tropical forests in buffering the impacts of tropical storms is just one of the many ways that they make significant-and often invisible-contributions to developing economies. (cgdev.org)
  • Because the 2005 season produced the largest number of TCs in the Atlantic basin regardless of the best estimate used to correct for missing storms in the earlier part of the record, we examine whether 28 TCs are close to the maximum possible number for the present climate of that basin. (sciencemag.org)
  • Since a tropical cyclone that may whip into a massive hurricane under certain weather conditions requires resolutions of a few kilometers, using climate models to simulate storms is highly problematic. (scitechdaily.com)
  • For the climate and development, tropical forests are an undervalued asset. (cgdev.org)
  • In meeting the global challenges of our time-climate and development-tropical forests are an undervalued asset. (cgdev.org)
  • Ecologist and lead author of the study Adriana Verges said the migration of plant-eating tropical fish can drastically alter ecosystems and lead to barren reefs. (smh.com.au)
  • Still, the same traits that make tropical mountains among the most biodiverse ecosystems on Earth also make the species that live there more vulnerable to rapid climate changes, the study finds. (phys.org)
  • Adds to the understanding of pedospheric processes in tropical ecosystems and how to better use soils as a sink for carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases. (nhbs.com)
  • In tropical ecosystems carbon uptake is reduced at higher temperatures. (nasa.gov)
  • This implies that the release of carbon dioxide from the tropical ecosystems will very likely be accelerated with future warming. (nasa.gov)
  • Indeed, despite their importance to climate change and development, tropical forest ecosystems continue to be destroyed at a high and even increasing rate in most forest-rich countries. (cgdev.org)
  • Climate Change Impacts on Tropical Forests in Central America will address the impacts of climate change on tropical forest ecosystems and related services in this important region, and will assess the projected economic costs if no policy action is taken by the end of the century. (nhbs.com)
  • This innovative collection utilises both theoretical approaches and empirical results to provide a conceptual framework for an integrated analysis of climate change impacts on forest ecosystems and related economic effects, offering insight into the complex relationship between ecosystem services and benefits to humans. (nhbs.com)
  • This is the definitive volume of readings on the climate change and ecosystems services in the forests of Central America. (nhbs.com)
  • Tropical forests are among the most valuable ecosystems on earth in terms of their biodiversity and their contribution to sustainable human well-being. (nhbs.com)
  • It is now widely accepted that global climate change is affecting many ecosystems around the globe and that its impact is increasing rapidly. (royalsocietypublishing.org)
  • This climate has a driest month which nearly always occurs at or soon after the "winter" solstice for that side of the equator. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Köppen classification identifies tropical rainforest climate (Zone Af: f = feucht, German for moist) as having north and south latitudinal ranges of 5-10 degrees from the equator. (wikipedia.org)
  • At the same time, warm extratropical water is funneled into the subsurface oceanic tunnels and is carried to the equator where it upwells and warms the tropical ocean. (innovations-report.com)
  • These data indicate an upward movement of the thermocline (3) and suggest that the Younger Dryas cooling resulted from compression of Pacific tropical waters towards the Equator. (innovations-report.com)
  • This is very important because it is well-known that to get El Ni o right in a climate model, the background mixing at the equator must be greatly reduced. (underwatertimes.com)
  • Highest skill in the tropical Pacific reconstruction is away from the coast and within 10o of the equator, including areas known as Niño 3/3.4/4. (umd.edu)
  • also use a downscaling approach applied to more-or-less the very same climate model simulations. (realclimate.org)
  • They also conducted global climate model simulations under the past climate condition to interpret this new observational record in the context of changes in the strength of the global ocean conveyor-belt circulation. (eponline.com)
  • This is found both in the reanalysis data and in the Coupled Model Intercomparison Project Phase 5 (CMIP5) 21st century climate change simulations. (pnas.org)
  • Quantification of modelling uncertainties in a large ensemble of climate change simulations. (ajtmh.org)
  • Kirtman, and Coauthors, 2012: Impact of ocean model resolution on CCSM climate simulations. (clivar.org)
  • To see the entire discussion of the monthly climate outlooks from the Climate Prediction Center, head to their website . (climate.gov)
  • Clouds play a pivotal role in determining the Earth's climate and radiation budget, yet we still have a lot to learn about them. (eurekalert.org)
  • Different types of clouds affect the Earth's climate differently: low liquid clouds, such as the cotton-like cumulus, cool the Earth while high altitude ice clouds, such as the wispy cirrus, warm the climate. (eurekalert.org)
  • What we found was that subsurface temperatures in the western tropical Atlantic rapidly warmed during cold periods in Earth's past," Schmidt explains. (eponline.com)
  • Evidence is mounting that the Earth's climate system has sensitive triggers that can cause abrupt and dramatic shifts in global climate," Schmidt said. (eponline.com)
  • It also tells us that it might be a good idea to monitor subsurface temperatures in the western tropical Atlantic to assess how the strength of the ocean conveyor might be changing over the next few decades as Earth's climate continues to warm. (eponline.com)
  • As the Earth's surface warms, climate models predict that the amount of fresh water for human consumption will likely decrease in parts of the globe. (populationmedia.org)
  • These and other ideas are explored to demonstrate the feasibility and utility of reconstructing ocean color chlorophyll to address open questions about large-scale, low frequency primary production that forms the base of the marine food web and plays an important role in Earth's climate system. (umd.edu)
  • However, there are sections of South Asia , Southeast Asia , Africa (particularly West and Central Africa ), the Caribbean and North America that also feature this climate. (wikipedia.org)
  • An improved water table fluctuation technique for estimating recharge is applied to a sustained (10-year) groundwater level monitoring record in Uganda, a rare dataset for tropical Africa, and compared against results from soil moisture balance models (SMBMs) and unsaturated flow models. (environmental-expert.com)
  • Given the large spatial coverage of lateritic soils both globally and in tropical Africa, and despite the convenience of physically based uniform flow models and, in particular, SMBMs, concern is raised over the use of such models for recharge estimation, and thus for exploring future trends due to climate or land use change, unless backed up by sufficient hydraulic data to enable the recharge processes to be confirmed. (environmental-expert.com)
  • The finding, reported in the May 13 issue of the journal Geophysical Research Letters, has implications for better understanding global and regional climate change, and is the first to identify high-latitude phenomena that significantly influence climate in the equatorial regions of the world. (innovations-report.com)
  • The discovery reveals a hidden climate mechanism that may be of critical importance to studies of past and future global and regional climate change, says Liu. (innovations-report.com)
  • Impact of regional climate change on human health. (ajtmh.org)
  • An analysis of regional climate model performance over the tropical Americas. (diva-portal.org)
  • For fully tropical conditions you need winter water temperatures above 18 degrees, which is expected around 2020-2030. (smh.com.au)
  • It is a damp climate in which all twelve months have mean temperatures above 18°C (64.4 °F). Tropical Climates have almost continuous rainfall throughout the year, usually in the afternoon. (wikipedia.org)
  • In addition, there is not a high density of meteorological stations, which would be needed for validating and calibrating climate models. (grida.no)
  • She said the biggest challenge now is tackling climate change. (smh.com.au)
  • Moving forward, Ravasi and his team hope to continue examining the immediate consequences of anthropogenic climate change by studying how repeated episodes of warming could influence fish and their long-term adaptation. (oist.jp)
  • 5 Department of Physical Geography and Bolin Centre for Climate Research, Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden. (sciencemag.org)
  • Climate change spells trouble for many tropical birds - especially those living in mountains, coastal forests and relatively small areas - and the damage will be compounded by other threats like habitat loss, disease and competition among species. (redorbit.com)
  • Å ekercioÄ lu's research indicates about 100 to 2,500 land bird species may go extinct due to climate change, depending on the severity of global warming and habitat loss due to development, and on the ability of birds to find new homes as rising temperatures push them poleward or to higher elevations. (redorbit.com)
  • This would predominantly affect tropical bird communities, especially species living in coastal and island habitats. (redorbit.com)
  • Å ekercioÄ lu says it is difficult to predict how habitat loss, emerging diseases, invasive species, hunting and pollution will combine with climate change to threaten tropical birds, although "in some cases habitat loss [from agriculture and development] can increase bird extinctions caused by climate change by nearly 50 percent. (redorbit.com)
  • Climate change already has caused some low-elevation birds to shift their ranges, either poleward or to higher elevations, causing problems for other species. (redorbit.com)
  • Nevertheless, climate change will not benefit many species. (redorbit.com)
  • An eyestripe surgeonfish, one of the tropical species shifting its distribution towards temperate waters. (smh.com.au)
  • A species that was tropical entering a temperate system for the first time can have traumatic cascading consequences. (smh.com.au)
  • And tomorrow environment reporter Sarah Clarke will look at the effect of climate change on Australia's plants and animal species. (abc.net.au)
  • Irreparable damage due to climate change, such as the drought, abnormal weather, rise in sea levels, expansion of infectious diseases, and extinction of species, is steadily spreading throughout the world. (scirp.org)
  • Lack of varied seasons and temperatures in tropical mountains have led to species that are highly adapted to their narrow niches, creating the right conditions for new species to arise in these areas, according to a new study published in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences . (phys.org)
  • We also found that they move less up and down the side of the mountain, and there are more species [on tropical mountains] as a result. (phys.org)
  • These animals do have other options besides a species crash, he said: they can migrate uphill or toward the poles to seek cooler climates, or they can evolve, and those with the best tolerance for heat would survive. (risingtidenorthamerica.org)
  • Above this point tropical forest carbon declines more quickly with higher temperatures, regardless of which species are present. (azocleantech.com)
  • To calculate changes in carbon storage required identifying nearly 10,000 tree species and over two million measurements of tree diameter, across 24 tropical countries. (azocleantech.com)
  • Using a range of experimental factorial studies, in the field and laboratory, in mature tropical forests in Panama, the relative and interactive effects on decomposition of MAP, soil N and phosphorus (P) availability, litter species identity, and litter N and P status, were determined. (bl.uk)
  • Climate change is expected to be the primary cause for biodiversity loss and changes in ecosystem services on a global scale, with increased risk of extinction for many plant and animal species. (nhbs.com)
  • We develop bioclimatic models of spatial distribution for the regionally endemic rainforest vertebrates and use these models to predict the effects of climate warming on species distributions. (royalsocietypublishing.org)
  • Further research is required to investigate the potential for transgenerational acclimation to provide an extra buffer for tropical marine species facing climate warming. (nerc.ac.uk)
  • When a tropical cyclone moves over land, this energy is severely depleted and the circulation of the winds is consequently weakened. (britannica.com)
  • The stronger the inflow, or convergence, of the air, the more favourable are the conditions for tropical cyclone formation. (britannica.com)
  • Monsoonal and trade wind flows are characterized by a large vertical shear of the horizontal wind and so are not generally conducive to tropical cyclone development. (britannica.com)
  • Once a tropical cyclone has formed, it usually follows certain distinct stages during its lifetime. (britannica.com)
  • The Australian Tropical Cyclone season has got off to a flying start with number 1 in the Indian Ocean - TC Alenga. (palmtalk.org)
  • Daytime temperatures are typically cooler from December onwards, and tropical cyclone activity is usually above average between November and April. (palmtalk.org)
  • The current MJO event spawned the first tropical cyclone for the Australian cyclone season, Severe Tropical Cyclone Alenga, which formed in the Indian Ocean last week. (palmtalk.org)
  • The risk of tropical cyclone formation in the Australian region is likely to remain above average for most of December, with increased rainfall across northern Australia during this period. (palmtalk.org)
  • It should dissipate as a tropical cyclone before Meekatharra. (palmtalk.org)
  • The tropical low that had been crossing the base of the NT Top End from Joseph Bonaparte Gulf is expected to move into the Gulf of Carpentaria in the next couple of days with a good probability of developing into a tropical cyclone. (palmtalk.org)
  • The tropical low in the Gulf of Carpentaria is intensifying with a possibility of developing into a cyclone within 24 to 48 hours. (palmtalk.org)
  • It could be used by lots of different people … to understand what resources to put into certain countries to mitigate or adapt to tropical cyclone changes resulting from climate change," says Emanuel, a co-author of the paper. (scitechdaily.com)
  • After sorting out semantics, the group set out to predict tropical cyclone and hurricane activity around the world. (scitechdaily.com)
  • Instead, Emanuel and his colleagues embedded a tropical-cyclone model within each climate model. (scitechdaily.com)
  • Refer to Tropical Cyclone Advice Number 35. (blogspot.com)
  • Ex-Tropical Cyclone Carlos has moved quickly across the Kimberley during the last 12 hours and is now over open waters just north of Broome. (blogspot.com)
  • It is likely to slow down a little during Monday as it tracks toward the west southwest and reforms into a tropical cyclone. (blogspot.com)
  • The maximum potential intensity of a tropical cyclone is the theoretical limit of the strength of a tropical cyclone. (wikipedia.org)
  • When A = 28.2 {\displaystyle A=28.2} , B = 55.8 {\displaystyle B=55.8} , and C = 0.1813 {\displaystyle C=0.1813} , the graph generated by this function corresponds to the 99th percentile of empirical tropical cyclone intensity data. (wikipedia.org)
  • This fact leads to the existence of a theoretical upper bound on the strongest wind speed that a tropical cyclone can attain. (wikipedia.org)
  • A tropical cyclone may be viewed as a heat engine that converts input heat energy from the surface into mechanical energy that can be used to do mechanical work against surface friction. (wikipedia.org)
  • Antarctica's climate is difficult to study, partly because there are few observations of this vast and remote region and partly because the cold, dry atmosphere is unlike that of the other six continents. (newswise.com)
  • Still, the detection and quantification of climate change, both in observations and climate models, constitute a main focus of the scientific community. (pnas.org)
  • Kindel, B. C. , K. S. Schmidt , P. Pilewskie , B. A. Baum , P. Yang , and S. Platnick ( 2010 ), Observations and modeling of ice cloud shortwave spectral albedo during the Tropical Composition, Cloud and Climate Coupling Experiment (TC 4 ) , J. Geophys. (wiley.com)
  • The lack of a tropical upper tropospheric hotspot in the observations is the main reason for the disconnect in the above plots, and as I have been pointing out this is probably rooted in differences in water vapor feedback. (drroyspencer.com)
  • TONY EASTLEY: Given the long term predictions that we'll face more hotter days and extreme weather, medical authorities say the implications for human health as a result of climate change are very serious. (abc.net.au)
  • Increasing extreme events are also considered to be a result of climate warming, and they may have widespread and diverse effects on health, agriculture, economics, and political conflicts. (pnas.org)
  • The question of how tropical infectious diseases could spread as a result of climate change in Europe and other regions of the world has been a research priority of Bayreuth's biogeography team for more than a decade. (uni-bayreuth.de)
  • The climate is also prevalent in sections of Central America, northern Australia, the Pacific Islands, in sections of North America and some islands in the Caribbean. (wikipedia.org)
  • Their model indicates that climate change would cause the most hurricane-related damage in North America, followed by East Asia, Central America and the Caribbean. (scitechdaily.com)
  • The atmospheric components of climate models were never really designed for the study of TCs, but the fact that they can produce features with TC-like character when run at sufficiently high resolutions, gives us increased confidence in the possibility that climate models can be used to analyze climate change impacts on TCs. (realclimate.org)
  • Dr. Nallamuthu has made significant contributions to research in the field of biological oceanography with special reference to population and production ecology of microzooplankton, climate change impacts on marine ecosystem and published over 25 research articles in refereed journals and chapters in books. (omicsonline.org)
  • L.A. County's health department warns that the warming side effects of climate change could lead straight to an upswing in tropical disease across California. (scpr.org)
  • Fielding urged lawmakers to restore funding to the Centers for Disease Control to help local public health departments prepare for insect-borne diseases and other side effects of climate change. (scpr.org)
  • The assessment does not look at potential effects of climate change on the forest canopy, Huey said, and that could make matters worse. (biologynews.net)
  • The direct effects of climate change on the organisms we studied appear to depend a lot more on the organisms' flexibility than on the amount of warming predicted for where they live," said co-author Joshua Tewksbury of the University of Washington. (risingtidenorthamerica.org)
  • Health effects of climate change. (ajtmh.org)
  • They could not reproduce it in their atmospheric models, questioning the ability of climate models to simulate gradual climate change. (hawaii.edu)
  • CGD, forthcoming) draws upon science, economics, and politics to show that tropical forests are essential for climate stability and sustainable development, that now is the time for action, and that payment-for-performance finance is a course of action with great potential for success. (cgdev.org)
  • Longer and less regular dry seasons and droughts expected during global warming may reduce populations of tropical birds that often time their breeding with wet seasons when food is abundant. (redorbit.com)
  • There are normally only two seasons in tropical climates, a wet season and a dry season. (wikipedia.org)
  • Tropical climates normally have only two seasons, a wet season and a dry season. (wikipedia.org)
  • Climate change and human health: impacts, vulnerability, and mitigation. (ajtmh.org)
  • These results suggest that existing policies such as taxation should be accounted for in the analysis and design of international carbon policy instruments that aim at enhancing forests role in climate change mitigation. (helsinki.fi)
  • The August 2020 outlook favors hotter-than-average temperatures along both coasts, while tropical moisture is likely to lead to a wetter-than-average August along the East Coast. (climate.gov)
  • 2020. The effects of climate on decomposition of cattle, sheep and goat manure in Kenyan tropical pastures. (ilri.org)
  • PLOS Neglected Tropical Diseases is the top Open Access tropical medicine journal, featuring an International Editorial Board and increased support for developing country authors. (plos.org)
  • Nicholas R. Polato et al, Narrow thermal tolerance and low dispersal drive higher speciation in tropical mountains, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (2018). (phys.org)
  • In view of the better stability in tropical climates, similar cost, fewer side effects and comparative efficacy, parenteral oxytocin, rather than parenteral ergometrine, is the drug of choice in the prevention and treatment of postpartum haemorrhage. (who.int)
  • The progressive president of France Emmanuel Macron has threatened to veto the European Union-South American trade deal if Brazil's president-elect Jair Bolsonaro pulls out of the Paris Climate Agreement. (breitbart.com)
  • In negotiations leading up to the UN Paris Climate Agreement, tropical forests were also formally recognized for their key role in fighting climate change . (bard.edu)
  • Leaf litter decomposition in lowland tropical forests represents a significant flux of carbon (C) to the atmosphere, and is controlled by both extrinsic site conditions and intrinsic litter traits. (bl.uk)
  • The tropical and subtropical regions are important areas where severe weather and climate events and oceanic variations frequently occur. (clivar.org)
  • When a strong El Niño develops across the tropical Pacific, it can influence weather and climate as far away as the southern polar region. (blogspot.com)
  • 2005). However, projections of future climate change using different models in the Tropical Andes are highly uncertain, particularly for rainfall. (grida.no)
  • One way to prepare for future climate change is to increase our understanding of how it has operated in the recent past. (eponline.com)
  • Here, we develop an approach based on percolation theory and climate network frameworks to detect and quantify the impacts of past and future climate change. (pnas.org)
  • But we can use our data from a third a century ago as a baseline to now predict how lizards at different latitudes would respond to climate change," Huey said. (biologynews.net)
  • The cooling effect of mid-level clouds is currently missing in global climate models. (eurekalert.org)
  • Ma, H.-Y. and Coauthors, 2015: An improved hindcast approach for evaluation and diagnosis of physical processes in global climate models. (clivar.org)
  • Regions with this variation of the tropical monsoon climate typically see copious amounts of rain during the wet season(s), usually in the form of frequent thunderstorms. (wikipedia.org)
  • Climate-driven changes are causing the fish to extend their range into temperate regions, threatening kelp forests and seagrass meadows, a study from the University of NSW has found. (smh.com.au)
  • However, regions with this variation of the climate do not experience enough rainfall during the wet season to qualify as a tropical monsoon climate. (wikipedia.org)
  • As climate change heats up, regions previously too cold for insects like mosquitoes and ticks suddenly become viable stomping grounds. (treehugger.com)
  • The Walker circulation affects tropical convection, and the global impacts of a temporary slowdown during an El Niño are well known, resulting in extreme floods or droughts in North America and other regions of the world. (hawaii.edu)
  • The map shows how the regions which have climatic conditions that facilitate Chikungunya infection will intensify and grow (or subside) through the end of the 21st century if climate change is left largely unchecked. (uni-bayreuth.de)
  • Appropriate Building Construction in Tropical and Subtropical Regions (SKAT, 1993, 324 p.): 3. (nzdl.org)
  • Climate Responsive Building - Appropriate Building Construction in Tropical and Subtropical Regions (SKAT, 1993, 324 p. (nzdl.org)
  • Tropical mountain vegetation is considered sensitive to climatic changes, so these consistent vegetation responses across widespread regions indicate persistent global-scale effects of climate warming and associated moisture-stresses. (cifor.org)
  • Tropical forests have a lot to offer: the richest concentration of biodiversity on the planet, a home for indigenous peoples , and the plants that are used to create many modern pharmaceuticals . (bard.edu)
  • Tropical forests face an uncertain future under climate change, but new research published in Science suggests they can continue to store large amounts of carbon in a warmer world, if countries limit greenhouse gas emissions. (azocleantech.com)
  • This breakthrough allows for the acceleration of our breeding program for multiple traits, including the development of tropical forages that can help reduce greenhouse gas emissions and make farming more eco-efficient," said Joe Tohme, a senior scientist at CIAT and study co-author. (wattsupwiththat.com)
  • This is especially important because greenhouse gas emissions have been so high for the past century that we can't fight climate change just by reducing carbon pollution. (bard.edu)
  • These findings support a 2001 theory by Kerry Emanuel, a professor of atmospheric science at Massachusetts Institute of Technology, and suggest that there is an additional factor to be included in climate models that may change predictions of future climate scenarios. (underwatertimes.com)
  • Here, we develop an approach based on network and percolation frameworks to study the impacts of climate changes in the past decades using historical models and reanalysis records, and we analyze the expected upcoming impacts using various future global warming scenarios. (pnas.org)
  • One of the two scenarios assumes that climate change will progress moderately and that the IPCC target of 2 degrees Celsius per year will only be slightly missed. (uni-bayreuth.de)
  • Per capita water availability is evaluated along topographic gradients for the present and for future scenarios of population growth and climate change. (www.gov.uk)
  • However, President-Elect Bolsonaro has withdrawn Brazil from hosting the United Nations' 2019 climate change summit. (breitbart.com)
  • The majority of climate models surveyed by the Bureau of Meteorology suggest that this MJO event will linger in Australian longitudes for the next week or two, but weaken in strength during this period. (palmtalk.org)
  • The prevailing wisdom, according to Zhengyu Liu, lead author of the paper and director of UW-Madison's Center for Climatic Research, was that climate and weather phenomena at higher latitudes tended to be static, with no far-reaching influence. (innovations-report.com)
  • The Center for Climatic Research at the University of Wisconsin-Madison is a leading center of research into world climate. (innovations-report.com)
  • This is especially true in the tropical Andes, which is a region with strong climatic gradients and topographical limits to water resources. (populationmedia.org)
  • In August, the right-wing then-presidential candidate Bolsonaro said that he would follow U.S. President Donald Trump and pull out of the Paris climate deal, but his current position is currently reportedly unclear. (breitbart.com)
  • 'Tropical Trump' is harnessing racism to destroy the Amazon ("The pace of devastating rollbacks is mind-boggling. (bluevirginia.us)
  • Midwest voters in Trump country face historic floods and call for climate action ("Farm groups say the situation is worse than ever and that's causing pain in states that flipped from Obama to Trump. (bluevirginia.us)
  • Tropical Storm Cindy reminds Trump states that climate change is real. (rightwingnews.com)
  • But most of the time, they don't have the practical knowledge or guidance to help boost such ventures, and know very little about climate or how to adapt their crops to it. (dw.com)
  • The climate change implications are enormous. (bard.edu)
  • Although it's important to examine the long-term implications of climate change, Ravasi said, his paper emphasizes the importance of looking at the short-term. (oist.jp)
  • Tropical forests are unlikely to die off as a result of the predicted rise in atmospheric greenhouse gases this century, a new study finds. (care2.com)
  • The use a 'seeding' method to randomly generate small vortices analogous to 'short wave' tropical disturbances in the real world (the tracks they take are defined in terms of the background atmospheric circulation of the model combined with the so-called 'self advection' of the TC itself). (realclimate.org)
  • These ice cores reveal that West Antarctica's climate is influenced by atmospheric and oceanic changes thousands of miles to the north. (newswise.com)
  • We discuss the underlying mechanism for the observed expansion of the tropical cluster and associate it with changes in atmospheric circulation represented by the weakening and expansion of the Hadley cell. (pnas.org)
  • The other preconditions relate to the state of the tropical atmosphere between the sea surface and a height of 16 km (about 10 miles), the boundary of the tropical troposphere . (britannica.com)
  • Boundary layer climates (1st ed., p. 372). (springer.com)