A disease of the eye in which the eyelashes abnormally turn inwards toward the eyeball producing constant irritation caused by motion of the lids.
The hairs which project from the edges of the EYELIDS.
Eyelid diseases refer to various medical conditions that affect the function, structure, or appearance of the eyelids, including inflammatory, infectious, neoplastic, congenital, and traumatic disorders, which can impact vision, comfort, and overall ocular health.
A chronic infection of the CONJUNCTIVA and CORNEA caused by CHLAMYDIA TRACHOMATIS.
Diseases affecting the orderly growth and persistence of hair.
The turning inward (inversion) of the edge of the eyelid, with the tarsal cartilage turned inward toward the eyeball. (Dorland, 27th ed)
Methods used to remove unwanted facial and body hair.
Each of the upper and lower folds of SKIN which cover the EYE when closed.
Disorder occurring in the central or peripheral area of the cornea. The usual degree of transparency becomes relatively opaque.
A republic in western Africa, constituting an enclave within SENEGAL extending on both sides of the Gambia River. Its capital is Banjul, formerly Bathurst.
Conjunctivitis is an inflammation or infection of the conjunctiva, the transparent membrane that lines the inner surface of the eyelids and covers the white part of the eye, resulting in symptoms such as redness, swelling, itching, burning, discharge, and increased sensitivity to light.
The inability to see or the loss or absence of perception of visual stimuli. This condition may be the result of EYE DISEASES; OPTIC NERVE DISEASES; OPTIC CHIASM diseases; or BRAIN DISEASES affecting the VISUAL PATHWAYS or OCCIPITAL LOBE.
An independent state in eastern Africa. Ethiopia is located in the Horn of Africa and is bordered on the north and northeast by Eritrea, on the east by Djibouti and Somalia, on the south by Kenya, and on the west and southwest by Sudan. Its capital is Addis Ababa.
A disorder of the skin, the oral mucosa, and the gingiva, that usually presents as a solitary polypoid capillary hemangioma often resulting from trauma. It is manifested as an inflammatory response with similar characteristics to those of a granuloma.
Surgery performed on the eye or any of its parts.
Conjunctival diseases refer to a broad range of disorders that affect the conjunctiva, the mucous membrane covering the inner surface of the eyelids and the outer layer of the eyeball, causing symptoms such as redness, itching, irritation, discharge, and/or inflammation.
The fibrous tissue that replaces normal tissue during the process of WOUND HEALING.
A semi-synthetic macrolide antibiotic structurally related to ERYTHROMYCIN. It has been used in the treatment of Mycobacterium avium intracellulare infections, toxoplasmosis, and cryptosporidiosis.
A polyester used for absorbable sutures & surgical mesh, especially in ophthalmic surgery. 2-Hydroxy-propanoic acid polymer with polymerized hydroxyacetic acid, which forms 3,6-dimethyl-1,4-dioxane-dione polymer with 1,4-dioxane-2,5-dione copolymer of molecular weight about 80,000 daltons.
The mucous membrane that covers the posterior surface of the eyelids and the anterior pericorneal surface of the eyeball.
A country in northeastern Africa. The capital is Khartoum.
Type species of CHLAMYDIA causing a variety of ocular and urogenital diseases.
The constant presence of diseases or infectious agents within a given geographic area or population group. It may also refer to the usual prevalence of a given disease with such area or group. It includes holoendemic and hyperendemic diseases. A holoendemic disease is one for which a high prevalent level of infection begins early in life and affects most of the child population, leading to a state of equilibrium such that the adult population shows evidence of the disease much less commonly than do children (malaria in many communities is a holoendemic disease). A hyperendemic disease is one that is constantly present at a high incidence and/or prevalence rate and affects all groups equally. (Last, A Dictionary of Epidemiology, 3d ed, p53, 78, 80)
The return of a sign, symptom, or disease after a remission.
The use of freezing as a special surgical technique to destroy or excise tissue.

Quality assurance in trichiasis surgery: a methodology. (1/28)


Conjunctival transcriptome in scarring trachoma. (2/28)


Rates and risk factors for unfavorable outcomes 6 weeks after trichiasis surgery. (3/28)


Bacterial infection in scarring trachoma. (4/28)


Impact of Trichiasis surgery on physical functioning in Ethiopian patients: STAR trial. (5/28)


Clearing the backlog: trichiasis surgeon retention and productivity in northern Ethiopia. (6/28)


The clinical phenotype of trachomatous trichiasis in Ethiopia: not all trichiasis is due to entropion. (7/28)


In vivo confocal microscopy in scarring trachoma. (8/28)


Trichiasis is a medical condition where the eyelashes are abnormally positioned and grow inward, so that they rub against the cornea or the inner surface of the eyelid. This can cause irritation, discomfort, and potentially lead to corneal abrasions, scarring, or infection if left untreated. It is often caused by inflammation, injury, or an aging process that affects the eyelids. Treatment options include epilation (removal of the lashes), electrolysis, or surgery to reposition or remove the misdirected lashes and prevent recurrence.

Eyelashes are defined in medical terms as the slender, hair-like growths that originate from the edges of the eyelids. They are made up of keratin and follicles, and their primary function is to protect the eyes from debris, sweat, and other irritants by acting as a physical barrier. Additionally, they play a role in enhancing the aesthetic appeal of the eyes and can also serve as a sensory organ, helping to detect potential threats near the eye area.

Eyelid diseases refer to a variety of medical conditions that affect the function and/or appearance of the eyelids. These can include structural abnormalities, such as entropion (inward turning of the eyelid) or ectropion (outward turning of the eyelid), as well as functional issues like ptosis (drooping of the upper eyelid). Other common eyelid diseases include blepharitis (inflammation of the eyelid margin), chalazion (a blocked oil gland in the eyelid), and cancerous or benign growths on the eyelid. Symptoms of eyelid diseases can vary widely, but often include redness, swelling, pain, itching, tearing, and sensitivity to light. Treatment for these conditions depends on the specific diagnosis and may range from self-care measures and medications to surgical intervention.

Trachoma is a chronic infectious disease caused by the bacterium Chlamydia trachomatis. It primarily affects the eyes, causing repeated infections that lead to scarring of the inner eyelid and eyelashes turning inward (trichiasis), which can result in damage to the cornea and blindness if left untreated.

The disease is spread through direct contact with eye or nose discharge from infected individuals, often through contaminated fingers, shared towels, or flies that have come into contact with the discharge. Trachoma is prevalent in areas with poor sanitation and limited access to clean water, making it a significant public health issue in many developing countries.

Preventive measures include improving personal hygiene, such as washing hands regularly, promoting facial cleanliness, and providing safe water and sanitation facilities. Treatment typically involves antibiotics to eliminate the infection and surgery for advanced cases with trichiasis or corneal damage.

Hair diseases is a broad term that refers to various medical conditions affecting the hair shaft, follicle, or scalp. These conditions can be categorized into several types, including:

1. Hair shaft abnormalities: These are conditions that affect the structure and growth of the hair shaft. Examples include trichorrhexis nodosa, where the hair becomes weak and breaks easily, and pili torti, where the hair shaft is twisted and appears sparse and fragile.
2. Hair follicle disorders: These are conditions that affect the hair follicles, leading to hair loss or abnormal growth patterns. Examples include alopecia areata, an autoimmune disorder that causes patchy hair loss, and androgenetic alopecia, a genetic condition that leads to pattern baldness in both men and women.
3. Scalp disorders: These are conditions that affect the scalp, leading to symptoms such as itching, redness, scaling, or pain. Examples include seborrheic dermatitis, psoriasis, and tinea capitis (ringworm of the scalp).
4. Hair cycle abnormalities: These are conditions that affect the normal growth cycle of the hair, leading to excessive shedding or thinning. Examples include telogen effluvium, where a large number of hairs enter the resting phase and fall out, and anagen effluvium, which is typically caused by chemotherapy or radiation therapy.
5. Infectious diseases: Hair follicles can become infected with various bacteria, viruses, or fungi, leading to conditions such as folliculitis, furunculosis, and kerion.
6. Genetic disorders: Some genetic disorders can affect the hair, such as Menkes syndrome, which is a rare inherited disorder that affects copper metabolism and leads to kinky, sparse, and brittle hair.

Proper diagnosis and treatment of hair diseases require consultation with a healthcare professional, often a dermatologist or a trichologist who specializes in hair and scalp disorders.

Entropion is a medical condition in which the eyelid, particularly the lower eyelid, turns inward or rolls in toward the eye. This can cause the eyelashes or skin to rub against the cornea, which can lead to discomfort, irritation, and potentially damage the front surface of the eye. Entropion can be caused by various factors such as aging, eye inflammation, injury, or congenital defects. Treatment typically involves surgical correction to tighten or reposition the eyelid. If left untreated, entropion may result in corneal abrasions, infections, and vision loss.

Hair removal is the deliberate elimination or reduction of body hair. This can be achieved through various methods, both temporary and permanent. Some common temporary methods include shaving, waxing, tweezing, and depilatory creams. Permanent methods may involve laser hair removal or electrolysis, which target the hair follicle to prevent future growth. It's important to note that some methods can have side effects or risks, so it's recommended to consult with a healthcare professional or dermatologist before starting any new hair removal regimen.

Eyelids are the thin folds of skin that cover and protect the front surface (cornea) of the eye when closed. They are composed of several layers, including the skin, muscle, connective tissue, and a mucous membrane called the conjunctiva. The upper and lower eyelids meet at the outer corner of the eye (lateral canthus) and the inner corner of the eye (medial canthus).

The main function of the eyelids is to protect the eye from foreign particles, light, and trauma. They also help to distribute tears evenly over the surface of the eye through blinking, which helps to keep the eye moist and healthy. Additionally, the eyelids play a role in facial expressions and non-verbal communication.

Corneal opacity refers to a condition in which the cornea, the clear front part of the eye, becomes cloudy or opaque. This can occur due to various reasons such as injury, infection, degenerative changes, or inherited disorders. As a result, light is not properly refracted and vision becomes blurred or distorted. In some cases, corneal opacity can lead to complete loss of vision in the affected eye. Treatment options depend on the underlying cause and may include medication, corneal transplantation, or other surgical procedures.

I'm sorry for any confusion, but "Gambia" is not a medical term. It is the name of a country located in West Africa, officially known as the Republic of The Gambia. If you have any questions about medical terminology or health-related topics, I would be happy to try and help answer those for you.

Conjunctivitis is an inflammation or infection of the conjunctiva, a thin, clear membrane that covers the inner surface of the eyelids and the outer surface of the eye. The condition can cause redness, itching, burning, tearing, discomfort, and a gritty feeling in the eyes. It can also result in a discharge that can be clear, yellow, or greenish.

Conjunctivitis can have various causes, including bacterial or viral infections, allergies, irritants (such as smoke, chlorine, or contact lens solutions), and underlying medical conditions (like dry eye or autoimmune disorders). Treatment depends on the cause of the condition but may include antibiotics, antihistamines, anti-inflammatory medications, or warm compresses.

It is essential to maintain good hygiene practices, like washing hands frequently and avoiding touching or rubbing the eyes, to prevent spreading conjunctivitis to others. If you suspect you have conjunctivitis, it's recommended that you consult an eye care professional for a proper diagnosis and treatment plan.

Blindness is a condition of complete or near-complete vision loss. It can be caused by various factors such as eye diseases, injuries, or birth defects. Total blindness means that a person cannot see anything at all, while near-complete blindness refers to having only light perception or the ability to perceive the direction of light, but not able to discern shapes or forms. Legal blindness is a term used to define a certain level of visual impairment that qualifies an individual for government assistance and benefits; it usually means best corrected visual acuity of 20/200 or worse in the better eye, or a visual field no greater than 20 degrees in diameter.

I must clarify that "Ethiopia" is not a medical term or condition. Ethiopia is a country located in the Horn of Africa, known for its rich history and cultural heritage. It is the second-most populous nation in Africa, with diverse ethnic groups, languages, and religious practices.

If you have any questions related to medical terminology or health-related topics, please feel free to ask! I'm here to help.

A pyogenic granuloma is not precisely a "granuloma" in the strict medical definition, which refers to a specific type of tissue reaction characterized by chronic inflammation and the formation of granulation tissue. Instead, a pyogenic granuloma is a benign vascular tumor that occurs most frequently on the skin or mucous membranes.

Pyogenic granulomas are typically characterized by their rapid growth, bright red to dark red color, and friable texture. They can bleed easily, especially when traumatized. Histologically, they consist of a mass of small blood vessels, surrounded by loose connective tissue and inflammatory cells.

The term "pyogenic" is somewhat misleading because these lesions are not actually associated with pus or infection, although they can become secondarily infected. The name may have originated from the initial mistaken belief that these lesions were caused by a bacterial infection.

Pyogenic granulomas can occur at any age but are most common in children and young adults. They can be caused by minor trauma, hormonal changes, or underlying medical conditions such as pregnancy or vasculitis. Treatment typically involves surgical excision, although other options such as laser surgery or cauterization may also be used.

Ophthalmologic surgical procedures refer to various types of surgeries performed on the eye and its surrounding structures by trained medical professionals called ophthalmologists. These procedures aim to correct or improve vision, diagnose and treat eye diseases or injuries, and enhance the overall health and functionality of the eye. Some common examples of ophthalmologic surgical procedures include:

1. Cataract Surgery: This procedure involves removing a cloudy lens (cataract) from the eye and replacing it with an artificial intraocular lens (IOL).
2. LASIK (Laser-Assisted In Situ Keratomileusis): A type of refractive surgery that uses a laser to reshape the cornea, correcting nearsightedness, farsightedness, and astigmatism.
3. Glaucoma Surgery: Several surgical options are available for treating glaucoma, including laser trabeculoplasty, traditional trabeculectomy, and various drainage device implantations. These procedures aim to reduce intraocular pressure (IOP) and prevent further optic nerve damage.
4. Corneal Transplant: This procedure involves replacing a damaged or diseased cornea with a healthy donor cornea to restore vision and improve the eye's appearance.
5. Vitreoretinal Surgery: These procedures focus on treating issues within the vitreous humor (gel-like substance filling the eye) and the retina, such as retinal detachment, macular holes, or diabetic retinopathy.
6. Strabismus Surgery: This procedure aims to correct misalignment of the eyes (strabismus) by adjusting the muscles responsible for eye movement.
7. Oculoplastic Surgery: These procedures involve reconstructive, cosmetic, and functional surgeries around the eye, such as eyelid repair, removal of tumors, or orbital fracture repairs.
8. Pediatric Ophthalmologic Procedures: Various surgical interventions are performed on children to treat conditions like congenital cataracts, amblyopia (lazy eye), or blocked tear ducts.

These are just a few examples of ophthalmic surgical procedures. The specific treatment plan will depend on the individual's condition and overall health.

Conjunctival diseases refer to a group of medical conditions that affect the conjunctiva, which is the thin, clear mucous membrane that covers the inner surface of the eyelids and the white part of the eye (known as the sclera). The conjunctiva helps to keep the eye moist and protected from irritants.

Conjunctival diseases can cause a range of symptoms, including redness, itching, burning, discharge, grittiness, and pain. Some common conjunctival diseases include:

1. Conjunctivitis (pink eye): This is an inflammation or infection of the conjunctiva that can be caused by viruses, bacteria, or allergies. Symptoms may include redness, itching, discharge, and watery eyes.
2. Pinguecula: This is a yellowish, raised bump that forms on the conjunctiva, usually near the corner of the eye. It is caused by an overgrowth of connective tissue and may be related to sun exposure or dry eye.
3. Pterygium: This is a fleshy growth that extends from the conjunctiva onto the cornea (the clear front part of the eye). It can cause redness, irritation, and vision problems if it grows large enough to cover the pupil.
4. Allergic conjunctivitis: This is an inflammation of the conjunctiva caused by an allergic reaction to substances such as pollen, dust mites, or pet dander. Symptoms may include redness, itching, watery eyes, and swelling.
5. Chemical conjunctivitis: This is an irritation or inflammation of the conjunctiva caused by exposure to chemicals such as chlorine, smoke, or fumes. Symptoms may include redness, burning, and tearing.
6. Giant papillary conjunctivitis (GPC): This is a type of allergic reaction that occurs in response to the presence of a foreign body in the eye, such as a contact lens. Symptoms may include itching, mucus discharge, and a gritty feeling in the eye.

Treatment for conjunctival diseases depends on the underlying cause. In some cases, over-the-counter medications or home remedies may be sufficient to relieve symptoms. However, more severe cases may require prescription medication or medical intervention. It is important to consult with a healthcare provider if you experience persistent or worsening symptoms of conjunctival disease.

A cicatrix is a medical term that refers to a scar or the process of scar formation. It is the result of the healing process following damage to body tissues, such as from an injury, wound, or surgery. During the healing process, specialized cells called fibroblasts produce collagen, which helps to reconnect and strengthen the damaged tissue. The resulting scar tissue may have a different texture, color, or appearance compared to the surrounding healthy tissue.

Cicatrix formation is a natural part of the body's healing response, but excessive scarring can sometimes cause functional impairment, pain, or cosmetic concerns. In such cases, various treatments may be used to minimize or improve the appearance of scars, including topical creams, steroid injections, laser therapy, and surgical revision.

Azithromycin is a widely used antibiotic drug that belongs to the class of macrolides. It works by inhibiting bacterial protein synthesis, which leads to the death of susceptible bacteria. This medication is active against a broad range of gram-positive and gram-negative bacteria, atypical bacteria, and some parasites.

Azithromycin is commonly prescribed to treat various bacterial infections, such as:

1. Respiratory tract infections, including pneumonia, bronchitis, and sinusitis
2. Skin and soft tissue infections
3. Sexually transmitted diseases, like chlamydia
4. Otitis media (middle ear infection)
5. Traveler's diarrhea

The drug is available in various forms, including tablets, capsules, suspension, and intravenous solutions. The typical dosage for adults ranges from 250 mg to 500 mg per day, depending on the type and severity of the infection being treated.

Like other antibiotics, azithromycin should be used judiciously to prevent antibiotic resistance. It is essential to complete the full course of treatment as prescribed by a healthcare professional, even if symptoms improve before finishing the medication.

Polyglactin 910 is a type of synthetic absorbable suture made from copolymers of lactide and glycolide. It is designed to gradually break down and be absorbed by the body over time, typically within 56 to 70 days after being used in surgical wounds. This property makes it an ideal choice for soft tissue approximation and laceration repairs.

Polyglactin 910 sutures are often used in various surgical procedures, including orthopedic, ophthalmic, cardiovascular, and general surgery. They come in different sizes and forms, such as plain, reverse cutting, and braided, to suit various surgical needs.

The gradual absorption of Polyglactin 910 sutures helps minimize scarring and reduces the need for suture removal procedures. However, it is essential to note that inflammation may occur during the degradation process, which could potentially lead to adverse reactions in some individuals. Proper wound care and follow-up with healthcare professionals are crucial to ensure optimal healing and manage any potential complications.

The conjunctiva is the mucous membrane that lines the inner surface of the eyelids and covers the front part of the eye, also known as the sclera. It helps to keep the eye moist and protected from irritants. The conjunctiva can become inflamed or infected, leading to conditions such as conjunctivitis (pink eye).

I'm sorry for any confusion, but "Sudan" is not a medical term. It is a country located in Northeast Africa, known as the Sudan or Sudan proper, and the southern region that seceded to become South Sudan in 2011. If you have any medical terms you would like me to define, please let me know!

'Chlamydia trachomatis' is a species of bacterium that is the causative agent of several infectious diseases in humans. It is an obligate intracellular pathogen, meaning it can only survive and reproduce inside host cells. The bacteria are transmitted through sexual contact, and can cause a range of genital tract infections, including urethritis, cervicitis, pelvic inflammatory disease, and epididymitis. In women, chlamydial infection can also lead to serious complications such as ectopic pregnancy and infertility.

In addition to genital infections, 'Chlamydia trachomatis' is also responsible for two other diseases: trachoma and lymphogranuloma venereum (LGV). Trachoma is a leading cause of preventable blindness worldwide, affecting mostly children in developing countries. It is spread through contact with contaminated hands, clothing, or eye secretions. LGV is a sexually transmitted infection that can cause inflammation of the lymph nodes, rectum, and genitals.

'Chlamydia trachomatis' infections are often asymptomatic, making them difficult to diagnose and treat. However, they can be detected through laboratory tests such as nucleic acid amplification tests (NAATs) or culture. Treatment typically involves antibiotics such as azithromycin or doxycycline. Prevention measures include safe sex practices, regular screening for STIs, and good hygiene.

An endemic disease is a type of disease that is regularly found among particular people or in a certain population, and is spread easily from person to person. The rate of infection is consistently high in these populations, but it is relatively stable and does not change dramatically over time. Endemic diseases are contrasted with epidemic diseases, which suddenly increase in incidence and spread rapidly through a large population.

Endemic diseases are often associated with poverty, poor sanitation, and limited access to healthcare. They can also be influenced by environmental factors such as climate, water quality, and exposure to vectors like mosquitoes or ticks. Examples of endemic diseases include malaria in some tropical countries, tuberculosis (TB) in many parts of the world, and HIV/AIDS in certain populations.

Effective prevention and control measures for endemic diseases typically involve improving access to healthcare, promoting good hygiene and sanitation practices, providing vaccinations when available, and implementing vector control strategies. By addressing the underlying social and environmental factors that contribute to the spread of these diseases, it is possible to reduce their impact on affected populations and improve overall health outcomes.

Recurrence, in a medical context, refers to the return of symptoms or signs of a disease after a period of improvement or remission. It indicates that the condition has not been fully eradicated and may require further treatment. Recurrence is often used to describe situations where a disease such as cancer comes back after initial treatment, but it can also apply to other medical conditions. The likelihood of recurrence varies depending on the type of disease and individual patient factors.

Cryosurgery is a medical procedure that uses extreme cold, such as liquid nitrogen or argon gas, to destroy abnormal or unwanted tissue. The intense cold causes the water inside the cells to freeze and form ice crystals, which can rupture the cell membrane and cause the cells to die. Cryosurgery is often used to treat a variety of conditions including skin growths such as warts and tumors, precancerous lesions, and some types of cancer. The procedure is typically performed in a doctor's office or outpatient setting and may require local anesthesia.

... also refers to hair from a nasal fold rubbing on the eye. This type of trichiasis can be flattened by rubbing ... Trichiasis in dogs is hair from the eyelid growing in the wrong direction and rubbing on the eye, causing irritation. It ... Trichiasis (/trɪkiˈeɪsɪs/ trik-ee-AY-sis, /trɪˈkaɪəsɪs/ tri-KEYE-ə-sis) is a medical term for abnormally positioned eyelashes ... Repeated cases of trachoma infection may cause trichiasis. Posterior misdirection of normal lashes most frequently affects the ...
Some people with trichiasis find it medically necessary to remove ingrown eyelashes. The shaving of hair has sometimes been ... Trichiasis and distichiasis; with an improved method for radical treatment. St. Louis Clinical Record, 1875 Oct; 2:145-148 " ...
Trichiasis and distichiasis; with an improved method for radical treatment. St. Louis Clinical Record, 1875 Oct; 2:145-148. v t ... Louis, Missouri, when he began using a battery-powered needle epilator to treat trichiasis (ingrown eyelashes) in 1869. This ...
Michel, CE (Oct 1875). "Trichiasis and distichiasis; with an improved method for radical treatment". St. Louis Clinical Record ...
Hair removal Intense pulsed light Michel CE (Oct 1875). "Trichiasis and distichiasis; with an improved method for radical ...
3,990 operations (cataract, trichiasis). Grant agreement for 2 years from the Lions Clubs International Foundation in order to ... 2,705 operations (cataracts and trichiasis). Medical and technical support from the General Hospital of Bangui. Organising the ... In November 2012, the OPC installed new equipment, including an operating microscope, cataract and trichiasis kits, wearable ... 4,800 cataract and trichiasis patients were operated on. Diabetic retinopathy control: training health personnel, information ...
Burton M, Habtamu E, Ho D, Gower EW (November 2015). "Interventions for trachoma trichiasis". The Cochrane Database of ...
For individuals with trichiasis, a bilamellar tarsal rotation procedure is warranted to direct the lashes away from the globe. ... Trachomatous trichiasis (TT)-At least one ingrown eyelash touching the globe, or evidence of epilation (eyelash removal) ... By including the cost for trichiasis treatment, the estimated overall cost for the disease increases to about $US 8 billion. ... Reacher M, Foster A, Huber J. "Trichiasis Surgery for Trachoma. The Bilamellar Tarsal Rotation Procedure." 1993; World Health ...
Trichiasis refers to ingrown eyelashes. Eyelashes may become infested with parasitic crab louse. An external hordeolum, or stye ...
Trichiasis Lymphedema distichiasis Brooks, Dennis E. (2005). "Ophthalmic Examination Made Ridiculously Simple". Proceedings of ...
... edema is caused by allergy, trichiasis or infections. The main symptoms are swollen red eyelids, pain, and itching. ... lead to trichiasis, which requires surgery. It mostly affects the lower lid, and is characterized by the turning inward of the ... trichiasis, and other eyelid-related conditions. Eyelid surgeries are overall safe procedures but they carry certain risks ...
Patients may exhibit alopecia areata of eyelashes and/or growth misdirection, trichiasis. Other signs may include ...
It was also used to treat hemorrhoids, diseases of the liver, and trichiasis. The lithotomy scoop was a long and slender ...
Entropion, severe dry eye and trichiasis (inturning of eyelashes) may cause ulceration of the peripheral cornea. Immune- ...
She evaluated the success of trichiasis surgical techniques, and contributed to the World Health Organization's SAFE strategy.[ ...
These can include dry eyes, photophobia, symblepharon, corneal scarring or xerosis, subconjunctival fibrosis, trichiasis, ...
Scarring of the lid results in entropion (inward turning of the lid) and trichiasis (in-turning of the eyelashes). These ...
Trichiasis in dogs is hair from the eyelid growing in the wrong direction and rubbing on the eye, causing irritation. It ... In dogs it is most commonly caused by mechanical irritation (such as by entropion, ectropion, or trichiasis), allergies, and ...
It may also include abnormal hair growth patterns as what happens to the eyelashes in a condition known as trichiasis. Oral ...
The first of these was the IAPB Essential Equipment List for screening and surgery for trachomatous trichiasis, which ... Launches Essential Equipment List for Screening and Surgery for Trachomatous Trichiasis". Ophthalmic Epidemiol. 22 (3): 151-2. ...
Although Charles Michel is frequently credited with inventing electrology for use in trichiasis, Carron du Villards has ...
Panas is credited with introducing an operation for entropion in trichiasis, as well as an operation for attachment of the ...
Similarly, in upper eyelid trichiasis or nasal fold trichiasis, eyelashes/hair from the eyelid and hair from the nose fold near ...
Parasitic infestation of eyelid 373.8 Other 373.9 Unspecified 374 Other disorders of eyelids 374.0 Entropion and trichiasis of ...
Reflections on trichiasis, distichiasis and entropion, with particular regard to the methods of Friedrich Jäger von Jaxtthal ( ...
This can be due to ocular irritation and inflammation (including trichiasis and entropion) or an obstructed tear outflow tract ...
... eyelid closure Ultraviolet or chemical burn Contact lens-related disorder such as toxicity or tight lens syndrome Trichiasis ...
... abnormal protrusion of the eye Nasal fold trichiasis - fur around the nose fold rubs against the eye. Distichiasis - abnormally ...
Trichiasis also refers to hair from a nasal fold rubbing on the eye. This type of trichiasis can be flattened by rubbing ... Trichiasis in dogs is hair from the eyelid growing in the wrong direction and rubbing on the eye, causing irritation. It ... Trichiasis (/trɪkiˈeɪsɪs/ trik-ee-AY-sis, /trɪˈkaɪəsɪs/ tri-KEYE-ə-sis) is a medical term for abnormally positioned eyelashes ... Repeated cases of trachoma infection may cause trichiasis. Posterior misdirection of normal lashes most frequently affects the ...
Trichiasis, a very common lid abnormality, is defined as the misdirection of eyelashes toward the globe. The misdirected lashes ... encoded search term (Trichiasis) and Trichiasis What to Read Next on Medscape ... Azithromycin prevents recurrence of severe trichiasis following trichiasis surgery: STAR trial. Ophthalmic Epidemiol. 2007 Sep- ... Trichiasis Differential Diagnoses. Updated: Sep 20, 2018 * Author: Robert H Graham, MD; Chief Editor: Hampton Roy, Sr, MD more ...
Chirurgie du trichiasis trachomateux  Organisation mondiale de la Santé; Merbs, Shannath; Resnikoff, Serge; Kello, Amir Bedri ... Trichiasis surgery for trachoma  World Health Organization; Merbs, Shannath; Resnikoff, Serge; Kello, Amir Bedri; Mariotti, ... Consultation informelle sur un système de suivi des patients souffrant de trichiasis trachomateux, Rollins School of Public ... Design and validation of a trachomatous trichiasis-only survey: strategic and technical advisory group for neglected tropical ...
Home , Global Health Matters Nov/Dec 2012 , Background: Blindness from trachoma and trichiasis Print ... Background: Blindness from trachoma and trichiasis November / December 2012 , Volume 11, Issue 6 * Full November / December ... The WHO estimates that 40.6 million people suffer from active trachoma and 8.2 million have trichiasis. Hardest hit areas are ... To tackle this misery, the WHO launched a trachoma elimination strategy, called "SAFE," involving trichiasis surgery, ...
In some contexts, programs also conduct trachomatous trichiasis (TT)-only surveys. A few costing studies of trachoma prevalence ... The costs of monitoring trachoma elimination: Impact, surveillance, and trachomatous trichiasis (TT)-only surveys ... and trachomatous trichiasis (TT)-only surveys. PLoS NTDs, 13(9), Article e0007605. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pntd.0007605 ...
In many parts of Africa patients with upper-lid trichiasis due to trachoma have very limited access to ophthalmologists or ... Results of community-based eyelid surgery for trichiasis due to trachoma H Bog et al. Br J Ophthalmol. 1993 Feb. ... Results of community-based eyelid surgery for trichiasis due to trachoma H Bog 1 , D Yorston, A Foster ... Interventions for trachoma trichiasis. Burton M, Habtamu E, Ho D, Gower EW. Burton M, et al. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2015 ...
Trichiasis - Etiology, pathophysiology, symptoms, signs, diagnosis & prognosis from the MSD Manuals - Medical Professional ... Trichiasis differs from entropion Entropion and Ectropion Entropion is inversion of an eyelid. Ectropion is eversion of the ... Trichiasis is most often idiopathic, but known causes include blepharitis Blepharitis Blepharitis is inflammation of the eyelid ... Trichiasis is an anatomic misalignment of eyelashes, which rub against the eyeball, in a patient with no entropion. ...
Lid surgery for trachomatous trichiasis is negatively associated with visual disabilities and visual impairment in Oman ... Trachomatous trichiasis status by blindness status. The TT status and blindness status of eyes was analysed (Table 2). The rate ... Trachomatous trichiasis status. We enrolled 8616 eyes of 4308 people in this study; data were omitted from analysis for people ... La recherche du trichiasis trachomateux sest révélée négative pour 7890 yeux mais 227 dentre eux avaient des antécédents de ...
Trichiasis Trichiasis is a condition whereby the eyelashes grow inwards, causing corneal abrasion and thus affecting the ...
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We understand the discomfort of Trichiasis, offering a wide range of Treatments for your Eyelash problems from Prescription Eye ... How is trichiasis diagnosed? In most cases, trichiasis causes enough irritation to prompt our patients to schedule an ... What happens if trichiasis is left untreated? It is possible for misdirected lashes to reach the surface of the eye and rub ... What causes trichiasis or misdirected lashes? In most cases, inverted lashes can be considered an isolated problem without a ...
The researchers found that azithromycin reduced overall trichiasis recurrence by one third and severe trichiasis by 47% ... Azithromycin prevents recurrence of severe trichiasis following trichiasis surgery: STAR trial. Ophthalmic Epidemiology,14, 273 ... Addressing trichiasis recurrence Mass antibiotic treatment does not prevent vision loss in individuals who have already ... The only way to treat trichiasis and prevent blindness is through surgery. Yet, up to 50% of people who have surgery have a ...
Chirurgie du trichiasis trachomateux  Organisation mondiale de la Santé; Merbs, Shannath; Resnikoff, Serge; Kello, Amir Bedri ... View MoreSubjectBlindness (‎1)‎Eyelids (‎1)‎Teaching Materials (‎1)‎Trachoma (‎1)‎Trichiasis (‎1)‎... View MoreDate Issued2015 ...
Ang trichiasis ay isang pangkaraniwang problema sa mga eyelids. Ito ay ang paloob na pagtubo ng mga pilikmata papasok sa mga ... Ang trichiasis ay maaaring makaapekto sa sinuman. Mas mataas ang tiyansa na maranasan ito ng mga matatanda. Ang trichiasis ay ... Ang trichiasis ay may mas mataas na porsiyentong mangyari kung mayroon kang mga sumusunod na kondisyon:. ● Epiblepharon. Ito ay ... Ang trichiasis ay isang pangkaraniwang problema sa mga eyelids. Ito ay ang paloob na pagtubo ng mga pilikmata papasok sa mga ...
Home , Eyelid , Lid malposition surgery , Entropion , Trachomatous Trichiasis Surgery , Trachomatous Trichiasis Surgery ... Trichiasis-surgery-training-Chapter-12-BLTR-Overview. 04 Nov, 2015 uploaded / 146 views ... Training - Chapter 12 - BLTR Overview , Trichiasis-surgery-training-Chapter-12-BLTR-Overview ...
Trichiasis surgery for trachoma Contributor(s): World Health OrganizationMaterial type: TextPublication details: Geneva : World ... Trichiasis -- surgery , Eyelids diseases , Eyelids -- surgery , Teaching materials , Blindness and Eye DiseasesNLM ...
Trichiasis. Trichiasis occurs when your eyelashes grow in different directions and rub against the cornea. ...
Dr. David Tuman, MD is an ophthalmology specialist in Wausau, WI and has over 31 years of experience in the medical field. He graduated from University Of Illinois, Chicago in 1991. He is affiliated with medical facilities Aspirus Rhinelander Hospital and Aspirus Wausau Hospital. His office accepts new patients.
Dry eye syndrome (DES), also known as keratoconjunctivitis sicca (KCS) or keratitis sicca, is a multifactorial disease of the tears and the ocular surface that results in discomfort, visual disturbance, and tear film instability with potential damage to the ocular surface. It is accompanied by increased osmolarity of the tear film and inflamm...
... trichiasis; periorbital and lid changes resulting in deepening of the eyelid sulcus; iris cyst; eyelid skin darkening; ...
... trichiasis; periorbital and lid changes resulting in deepening of the eyelid sulcus; iris cyst; eyelid skin darkening ; ...
The Eye Scheme was established in 1966 as a means if identifying inherited and non-inherited eye conditions in dogs. It is a clinical eye examination carried out by expert veterinary surgeons. The Scheme is open to all dogs and breeds including crossbreeds and non-Kennel Club registered dogs.
This can cause the eyelashes to scratch the cornea (trichiasis). In addition to causing pain, trichiasis permanently damages ... Surgery to correct trichiasis ("S" in the SAFE strategy). Surgery relieves the pain of lashes rubbing against the eye. It also ... The SAFE strategy [PDF - 56 pages] combines surgery to correct trichiasis (S), antibiotics to clear infection (A), and ... Surgery to treat the advanced, blinding stage of the disease (trichiasis) ...
2.5.2 Trichiasis screening coverage. TSR. 2016. Age, time trend, state. 2.6 Undiagnosed eye conditions. NEHS. 2016. Condition, ... trachoma and trichiasis; and rates of undiagnosed eye conditions. ...
  • Trachomatous Trichiasis and its Management in Endemic Countries. (medscape.com)
  • Risk factors for trachomatous trichiasis in children: cross-sectional household surveys in Southern Sudan. (medscape.com)
  • The association between epilation and corneal opacity among eyes with trachomatous trichiasis. (medscape.com)
  • Epilation for trachomatous trichiasis and the risk of corneal opacification. (medscape.com)
  • We conducted a community-based survey in 2009-10 to study the association of trachomatous trichiasis (TT) status with visual acuity and blindness among the Omani population aged 40+ years. (who.int)
  • There were about 2.8 million people at risk of trachomatous blindness nationally, with an estimated 13 000 people suffering from trichiasis. (who.int)
  • Although children are more susceptible to infection, the painful and often blinding complication of trachoma - trachomatous trichiasis - usually does not appear until adulthood. (cehjournal.org)
  • Unless this process is halted early enough, a person with trachomatous trichiasis will become blind. (cehjournal.org)
  • Trachomatous trichiasis affects nearly twice as many women as men. (cehjournal.org)
  • Our trachoma research has involved several clinical trials to improve the treatment of trachomatous trichiasis, quality of life, studies investigating the immunopathogenic basis of this disease, and developing more effective control strategies. (lshtm.ac.uk)
  • One of the commonest causes of blindness is Trachomatous trichiasis. (unlimitedfuel.org)
  • The visits were continued was confirmed from the patient's health trachomatous trichiasis (TT) to visual until the required 100 persons (200 records. (who.int)
  • Background: Blindness due to trachomatous trichiasis can be prevented by simple eyelid surgery that can be performed by trained nurses. (bvsalud.org)
  • Trichiasis is misalignment of eyelashes, which rub against the eyeball, in a person who does not have entropion. (msdmanuals.com)
  • Different degrees of upper lid entropion are already present in cicatricial trachoma even in the absence of trichiasis . (bvsalud.org)
  • Conclusions - TGMs are associated with an increased risk of undergoing surgery for LDO, entropion, and trichiasis. (ices.on.ca)
  • It usually produces entropion (sometime trichiasis) in the upper eyelid and ectropion in the lower one. (vin.com)
  • In addition to causing pain, trichiasis permanently damages the cornea and can lead to irreversible blindness. (cdc.gov)
  • 80-85 million people now have active trachoma, approxi- rosy and HIV/AIDS also lead to blindness, although much mately 8 million have trichiasis, and 3 million are blind. (cdc.gov)
  • Endorsed by the World Health Organization, the surgery is a simple, cost-effective procedure that provides immediate, tangible relief from the painful and debilitating symptoms of trichiasis and prevents further progression to blindness. (changingthepresent.org)
  • There's strong evidence that surgery reduces trachoma trichiasis (the stage of trachoma that leads directly to blindness) and reasonably strong evidence that antibiotics distribution reduces infection rates. (givewell.org)
  • This painful condition, called trichiasis, causes blindness and disfigurement, leads to dependence and perpetuates the cycle of poverty. (americares.org)
  • Emerson met women in Mecha woreda, Amhara Regional State, Ethiopia, who had received surgery for trichiasis, the final painful stage of trachoma that can lead to blindness. (trachoma.org)
  • The government's trachoma and prevention of blindness program, supported by CBM, promoted the full WHO endorsed SAFE strategy with treatment of active infection by antibiotics to entire eligible communities, surgery for advanced disease (trichiasis) to prevent visual impairment and access to good hygiene infrastructure, clean water and sanitation to reduce transmission and sustain success. (cbm.org)
  • Conclusion: Trichiasis recurrence following surgery done by non-ophthalmologists is low indica- ting the possibility of avoiding preventable blindness due to trachoma through the training of integrated eye care workers. (bvsalud.org)
  • Three-Year Outcomes of the Surgery for Trichiasis, Antibiotics to Prevent Recurrence Trial. (medscape.com)
  • Are women more likely to is easily facilitated by poor hygiene, scarcity of water, and have recurrence after trichiasis surgery compared to men? (cdc.gov)
  • Surgery can effectively abolish trichiasis, 4 but recurrence post-surgery is significant (up to 20-40% by one year). (givewell.org)
  • Methods: A prospective study to evaluate trichiasis surgery for recurrence was conducted in Yilmana Densa District. (bvsalud.org)
  • The investigators aim to evaluate a new potentially cost-effective approach to improving trichiasis surgery outcomes, perioperative topical anti-inflammatory therapy. (trialbulletin.com)
  • Simple trichiasis involving only a few lashes is relatively common. (medscape.com)
  • Trichiasis (/trɪkiˈeɪsɪs/ trik-ee-AY-sis, /trɪˈkaɪəsɪs/ tri-KEYE-ə-sis) is a medical term for abnormally positioned eyelashes that grow back toward the eye, touching the cornea or conjunctiva. (wikipedia.org)
  • This can cause the eyelashes to scratch the cornea (trichiasis). (cdc.gov)
  • In recent years, progress in the implementation of the WHO-endorsed SAFE strategy (Surgery for trichiasis, Antibiotics, Facial cleanliness and Environmental improvement) has been marked by unprecedented partnerships and coordination among donors, implementing organisations and ministries of health, guided by the GET2020 elimination roadmap, Eliminating Trachoma: Accelerating Towards 2020. (cehjournal.org)
  • Although there may be an underlying biological reason that more women are affected by trachoma and trichiasis, the role of women as childcare providers is a likely cause. (cehjournal.org)
  • Unfortunately, it is sometimes their responsibilities within the home that make women and girls more susceptible to certain eye conditions, such as trachoma and trichiasis. (seva.ca)
  • Li H, Ezra DG, Burton MJ, Bailly M. Doxycycline prevents matrix remodeling and contraction by trichiasis-derived conjunctival fibroblasts. (medscape.com)
  • If trichiasis is seen within the presence of cicatricial adjustments and MMP is suspected, a conjunctival biopsy is obtained. (unlimitedfuel.org)
  • Nous avons mené une enquête dans la communauté entre 2009 et 2010 pour étudier l'association du trichiasis trachomateux avec l'acuité visuelle et la cécité dans la population d'Omanais de plus de 40 ans. (who.int)
  • La recherche du trichiasis trachomateux s'est révélée négative pour 7890 yeux mais 227 d'entre eux avaient des antécédents de chirurgie des paupières. (who.int)
  • La promotion de la chirurgie du trichiasis trachomateux pourrait contribuer à limiter les cas de cécité. (who.int)
  • The SAFE strategy [PDF - 56 pages] combines surgery to correct trichiasis (S), antibiotics to clear infection (A), and prevention measures to keep the disease from spreading (F, & E). (cdc.gov)
  • The term trichiasis describes the condition in which one's eyelashes turn inwards. (optom.on.ca)
  • The eyelash affections (trichiasis, districhiasis and ectopic cilia) are other eyelid diseases with surgical treatment. (vin.com)
  • Trichiasis is an eyelid condition that is characterized by misalignment of eyelashes, which grow internally in the direction of the eye. (medicpassion.com)
  • The primary causes of trichiasis are involutional changes, posterior lamellae scarring (superior or inferior), epiblepharon, and distichiasis . (medscape.com)
  • Surgery versus epilation for the treatment of minor trichiasis in Ethiopia: a randomised controlled noninferiority trial. (medscape.com)
  • A doctor bases the diagnosis of trichiasis on the symptoms and examination findings. (msdmanuals.com)
  • Lissamine staining and dry eye symptoms were also associated with trichiasis . (bvsalud.org)
  • Prior to lr-CLAL, the ocular surface should be optimized by addressing eyelid malposition, significant symblepharon, and trichiasis. (aao.org)
  • Risk factors for active trachoma in children and trichiasis in adults: a household survey in Amhara Regional State, Ethiopia. (medscape.com)
  • In people with trichiasis, an eye doctor can remove the eyelashes with forceps. (msdmanuals.com)
  • Enfermedad ocular en la que las pestañas están dirigidas anormalmente hacia dentro del ojo produciendo constante irritación con el movimiento de los párpados. (bvsalud.org)
  • Diffuse trichiasis involving the entire lid margin is much less common, and it is seen primarily in countries where trachoma is endemic. (medscape.com)
  • The primary morbidity associated with trichiasis is corneal abrasion , corneal scarring, and microbial keratitis. (medscape.com)
  • It presents activities undertaken for the elimination, trichiasis surgery, update on Azithromycin, environmental changes, monitoring and evaluation of the elimination, update on operational research projects, and creation of the International Trachoma Iniciative. (bvs.br)
  • Aboriginal adults aged 40 years or older were screened for trichiasis. (edu.au)
  • Impact of Trichiasis Surgery on Quality of Life: A Longitudinal Study in Ethiopia. (medscape.com)
  • Repeated cases of trachoma infection may cause trichiasis. (wikipedia.org)
  • Trichiasis can be diagnosed through a physical test and other clinical examination. (medicpassion.com)
  • to evaluate the position of the upper eyelid margin and eye surface status in cicatricial trachoma without trichiasis (TS). (bvsalud.org)
  • Slit-lamp biomicroscopy was employed to evaluate the location of the upper lid mucocutaneous transition of 156 eyes of 78 patients with trichiasis and of 130 eyes of 65 control subjects. (bvsalud.org)
  • In people with trichiasis, the eye becomes red and irritated, feels as though something is in it (foreign body sensation), and develops tearing and sensitivity and sometimes pain when exposed to light. (msdmanuals.com)
  • People with trichiasis experience irritation in their eyes. (medicpassion.com)
  • Yitayesh's story is just one of the many that can be told from the tens of thousands of people who have received trichiasis surgery as part of the global trachoma program. (trachoma.org)
  • WHO) has expressed its commitment The study population was Omani (based on recognizing single optotype to the elimination of blinding trachoma people aged 40+ years in these en- `E' at 3 m distance) using a pinhole was by the year 2020 [1]. (who.int)
  • Where the number of people requiring and requesting surgery for PCNTDs (e.g. trichiasis or hydrocele surgery) is reported, it can be added here. (who.int)
  • and, intensive counselling of patients found to have trichiasis with an offer of immediate surgery, which produced considerable improvement in surgical uptake. (who.int)
  • The marketplace will feature some of their products such as the Cataract Kit, Trichiasis Kit, Surgical Instruments and Microsurgical Blades. (iapb.org)
  • Trained IECWs did transverse tarsotomy with lid margin rotation for 455 patients with trichiasis following the standard procedure. (bvsalud.org)
  • Fluorometholone as Ancillary Therapy for TT Surgery: Trichiasis Clinical. (trialbulletin.com)
  • The effect of 0.02% mitomycin C injection into the hair follicle with radiofrequency ablation in trichiasis patients. (medscape.com)
  • Individuals with the advanced stage of trachoma known as trichiasis present the biggest challenge. (trachoma.org)
  • The debilitating effects of trichiasis prevent those with chronic trachoma infections from working and caring for their families because their communities often lack social services for the blind. (americares.org)