The relationships of groups of organisms as reflected by their genetic makeup.
Individual members of South American ethnic groups with historic ancestral origins in Asia.
DNA sequences encoding RIBOSOMAL RNA and the segments of DNA separating the individual ribosomal RNA genes, referred to as RIBOSOMAL SPACER DNA.
Constituent of 30S subunit prokaryotic ribosomes containing 1600 nucleotides and 21 proteins. 16S rRNA is involved in initiation of polypeptide synthesis.
A multistage process that includes cloning, physical mapping, subcloning, determination of the DNA SEQUENCE, and information analysis.
Individuals classified according to their sex, racial origin, religion, common place of living, financial or social status, or some other cultural or behavioral attribute. (UMLS, 2003)
Systems of medicine based on cultural beliefs and practices handed down from generation to generation. The concept includes mystical and magical rituals (SPIRITUAL THERAPIES); PHYTOTHERAPY; and other treatments which may not be explained by modern medicine.
Descriptions of specific amino acid, carbohydrate, or nucleotide sequences which have appeared in the published literature and/or are deposited in and maintained by databanks such as GENBANK, European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), National Biomedical Research Foundation (NBRF), or other sequence repositories.
Individual members of Central American ethnic groups with ancient historic ancestral origins in Asia. Mexican Indians are not included.
The restriction of a characteristic behavior, anatomical structure or physical system, such as immune response; metabolic response, or gene or gene variant to the members of one species. It refers to that property which differentiates one species from another but it is also used for phylogenetic levels higher or lower than the species.
A large plant family of the order Asterales, subclass Asteridae, class Magnoliopsida. The family is also known as Compositae. Flower petals are joined near the base and stamens alternate with the corolla lobes. The common name of "daisy" refers to several genera of this family including Aster; CHRYSANTHEMUM; RUDBECKIA; TANACETUM.
Deoxyribonucleic acid that makes up the genetic material of bacteria.
The relative amounts of the PURINES and PYRIMIDINES in a nucleic acid.
Genes, found in both prokaryotes and eukaryotes, which are transcribed to produce the RNA which is incorporated into RIBOSOMES. Prokaryotic rRNA genes are usually found in OPERONS dispersed throughout the GENOME, whereas eukaryotic rRNA genes are clustered, multicistronic transcriptional units.
The intergenic DNA segments that are between the ribosomal RNA genes (internal transcribed spacers) and between the tandemly repeated units of rDNA (external transcribed spacers and nontranscribed spacers).
Procedures for identifying types and strains of bacteria. The most frequently employed typing systems are BACTERIOPHAGE TYPING and SEROTYPING as well as bacteriocin typing and biotyping.
A subfamily of the Old World monkeys, CERCOPITHECIDAE. They inhabit the forests and savannas of Africa. This subfamily contains the following genera: CERCOCEBUS; CERCOPITHECUS; ERYTHROCEBUS; MACACA; PAPIO; and THEROPITHECUS.
The process of cumulative change at the level of DNA; RNA; and PROTEINS, over successive generations.
Deoxyribonucleic acid that makes up the genetic material of CHLOROPLASTS.
The process of cumulative change over successive generations through which organisms acquire their distinguishing morphological and physiological characteristics.
Those nucleic acid sequences that function as units of heredity which are located within the CHLOROPLAST DNA.
An order of gram-positive, primarily aerobic BACTERIA that tend to form branching filaments.
A plant family of the order Capparales, subclass Dilleniidae, class Magnoliopsida. They are mostly herbaceous plants with peppery-flavored leaves, due to gluconapin (GLUCOSINOLATES) and its hydrolysis product butenylisotrhiocyanate. The family includes many plants of economic importance that have been extensively altered and domesticated by humans. Flowers have 4 petals. Podlike fruits contain a number of seeds. Cress is a general term used for many in the Brassicacea family. Rockcress is usually ARABIS; Bittercress is usually CARDAMINE; Yellowcress is usually RORIPPA; Pennycress is usually THLASPI; Watercress refers to NASTURTIUM; or RORIPPA or TROPAEOLUM; Gardencress refers to LEPIDIUM; Indiancress refers to TROPAEOLUM.
The study of plant lore and agricultural customs of a people. In the fields of ETHNOMEDICINE and ETHNOPHARMACOLOGY, the emphasis is on traditional medicine and the existence and medicinal uses of PLANTS and PLANT EXTRACTS and their constituents, both historically and in modern times.
A plant family of the order Lamiales, subclass Asteridae, class Magnoliopsida. The leaves are opposite or whorled. The flowers are aggregated in spikes, clusters, or racemes.
Organic, monobasic acids derived from hydrocarbons by the equivalent of oxidation of a methyl group to an alcohol, aldehyde, and then acid. Fatty acids are saturated and unsaturated (FATTY ACIDS, UNSATURATED). (Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)
A field of study concerned with the principles and processes governing the geographic distributions of genealogical lineages, especially those within and among closely related species. (Avise, J.C., Phylogeography: The History and Formation of Species. Harvard University Press, 2000)
The poppy plant family of the order Papaverales, subclass Magnoliidae, class Magnoliopsida. These have bisexual, regular, cup-shaped flowers with one superior pistil and many stamens; 2 or 3 conspicuous, separate sepals and a number of separate petals. The fruit is a capsule. Leaves are usually deeply cut or divided into leaflets.
The Madder plant family of the order Rubiales, subclass Asteridae, class Magnoliopsida includes important medicinal plants that provide QUININE; IPECAC; and COFFEE. They have opposite leaves and interpetiolar stipules.
A plant family of the order Orchidales, subclass Liliidae, class Liliopsida (monocotyledons). All orchids have the same bilaterally symmetrical flower structure, with three sepals, but the flowers vary greatly in color and shape.
Widely scattered islands in the Atlantic Ocean as far north as the AZORES and as far south as the South Sandwich Islands, with the greatest concentration found in the CARIBBEAN REGION. They include Annobon Island, Ascension, Canary Islands, Falkland Islands, Fernando Po (also called Isla de Bioko and Bioko), Gough Island, Madeira, Sao Tome and Principe, Saint Helena, and Tristan da Cunha.
A plant genus in the family FABACEAE known for LATHYRISM poisoning.
The Borage plant family is in the class Magnoliopsida, subclass Asteridae, order Lamiales. It is characterized by hairy foliage, usually alternate and simple; flowers are funnel-shaped or tubular. Some of the species contain PYRROLIZIDINE ALKALOIDS.
The cactus plant family of the order Caryophyllales, subclass Caryophyllidae, class Magnoliopsida. Cacti are succulent perennial plants well adapted to dry regions.
A plant genus of the family FABACEAE that is widely used as ground cover and forage and known for the edible beans, VICIA FABA.
Deoxyribonucleic acid that makes up the genetic material of plants.
Ribonucleic acid in bacteria having regulatory and catalytic roles as well as involvement in protein synthesis.
Genotypic differences observed among individuals in a population.
A monocot plant family of the Liliopsida class. It is classified by some in the Liliales order and some in the Asparagales order.
The belief in or study of practices and knowledge of magical, mystical, or supernatural powers. ALCHEMY, astrology, and many RELIGIOUS PHILOSOPHIES are based upon occult principles.
The sequence of PURINES and PYRIMIDINES in nucleic acids and polynucleotides. It is also called nucleotide sequence.
Double-stranded DNA of MITOCHONDRIA. In eukaryotes, the mitochondrial GENOME is circular and codes for ribosomal RNAs, transfer RNAs, and about 10 proteins.
The geographic area of the northwestern region of the United States. The states usually included in this region are Idaho, Montana, Oregon, Washington, and Wyoming.
INSECTS of the order Coleoptera, containing over 350,000 species in 150 families. They possess hard bodies and their mouthparts are adapted for chewing.
Plants whose roots, leaves, seeds, bark, or other constituent parts possess therapeutic, tonic, purgative, curative or other pharmacologic attributes, when administered to man or animals.
The reproductive organs of plants.
A plant genus of the family MELIACEAE. Members contain cedrelanolide.
The common orally transmitted traditions, myths, festivals, songs, superstitions, and stories of all peoples.
The large family of plants characterized by pods. Some are edible and some cause LATHYRISM or FAVISM and other forms of poisoning. Other species yield useful materials like gums from ACACIA and various LECTINS like PHYTOHEMAGGLUTININS from PHASEOLUS. Many of them harbor NITROGEN FIXATION bacteria on their roots. Many but not all species of "beans" belong to this family.
The myrtle plant family of the order Myrtales. It includes several aromatic medicinal plants such as EUCALYPTUS.
The science dealing with the earth and its life, especially the description of land, sea, and air and the distribution of plant and animal life, including humanity and human industries with reference to the mutual relations of these elements. (From Webster, 3d ed)
The salinated water of OCEANS AND SEAS that provides habitat for marine organisms.
A large family of narrow-leaved herbaceous grasses of the order Cyperales, subclass Commelinidae, class Liliopsida (monocotyledons). Food grains (EDIBLE GRAIN) come from members of this family. RHINITIS, ALLERGIC, SEASONAL can be induced by POLLEN of many of the grasses.
Gram-negative rods isolated from human urine and feces.
Common name for perch-like fish of the family Cichlidae, belonging to the suborder Labroidei, order PERCIFORMES.
The discipline studying genetic composition of populations and effects of factors such as GENETIC SELECTION, population size, MUTATION, migration, and GENETIC DRIFT on the frequencies of various GENOTYPES and PHENOTYPES using a variety of GENETIC TECHNIQUES.
The various physical methods which include wind, insects, animals, tension, and water, by which a plant scatters its seeds away from the parent plant.
Widely used technique which exploits the ability of complementary sequences in single-stranded DNAs or RNAs to pair with each other to form a double helix. Hybridization can take place between two complimentary DNA sequences, between a single-stranded DNA and a complementary RNA, or between two RNA sequences. The technique is used to detect and isolate specific sequences, measure homology, or define other characteristics of one or both strands. (Kendrew, Encyclopedia of Molecular Biology, 1994, p503)
A set of statistical methods used to group variables or observations into strongly inter-related subgroups. In epidemiology, it may be used to analyze a closely grouped series of events or cases of disease or other health-related phenomenon with well-defined distribution patterns in relation to time or place or both.
Functions constructed from a statistical model and a set of observed data which give the probability of that data for various values of the unknown model parameters. Those parameter values that maximize the probability are the maximum likelihood estimates of the parameters.
The sequential correspondence of nucleotides in one nucleic acid molecule with those of another nucleic acid molecule. Sequence homology is an indication of the genetic relatedness of different organisms and gene function.
Remains, impressions, or traces of animals or plants of past geological times which have been preserved in the earth's crust.
A theorem in probability theory named for Thomas Bayes (1702-1761). In epidemiology, it is used to obtain the probability of disease in a group of people with some characteristic on the basis of the overall rate of that disease and of the likelihood of that characteristic in healthy and diseased individuals. The most familiar application is in clinical decision analysis where it is used for estimating the probability of a particular diagnosis given the appearance of some symptoms or test result.
A division of the UNITED STATES PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE that is responsible for the public health and the provision of medical services to NATIVE AMERICANS in the United States, primarily those residing on reservation lands.
The sedge plant family of the order Cyperales, subclass Commelinidae, class Liliopsida (monocotyledons)
The morning glory family of flowering plants, of the order Solanales, which includes about 50 genera and at least 1,400 species. Leaves are alternate and flowers are funnel-shaped. Most are twining and erect herbs, with a few woody vines, trees, and shrubs.
A mass of organic or inorganic solid fragmented material, or the solid fragment itself, that comes from the weathering of rock and is carried by, suspended in, or dropped by air, water, or ice. It refers also to a mass that is accumulated by any other natural agent and that forms in layers on the earth's surface, such as sand, gravel, silt, mud, fill, or loess. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed, p1689)
A plant genus of the family RANUNCULACEAE.
The geographical area of Asia comprising KAZAKHSTAN; KYRGYZSTAN; TAJIKISTAN; TURKMENISTAN; and UZBEKISTAN. The desert region of Kara Kum (Qara Qum) is largely in Turkmenistan and the desert region of Kyzyl Kum (Kizil Kum or Qizil Qum), is in Uzbekistan and Kazakhstan. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p233, 590, 636)
Constituent of the 60S subunit of eukaryotic ribosomes. 28S rRNA is involved in the initiation of polypeptide synthesis in eukaryotes.
The outward appearance of the individual. It is the product of interactions between genes, and between the GENOTYPE and the environment.
A plant family of the order Myrtales, subclass Rosidae, class Magnoliopsida composed of tropical plants with parallel-nerved leaves.
A region, north-central Asia, largely in Russia. It extends from the Ural Mountains to the Pacific Ocean and from the Arctic Ocean to central Kazakhstan and the borders of China and Mongolia.
The splitting of an ancestral species into daughter species that coexist in time (King, Dictionary of Genetics, 6th ed). Causal factors may include geographic isolation, HABITAT geometry, migration, REPRODUCTIVE ISOLATION, random GENETIC DRIFT and MUTATION.
A group of people with a common cultural heritage that sets them apart from others in a variety of social relationships.
Techniques for standardizing and expediting taxonomic identification or classification of organisms that are based on deciphering the sequence of one or a few regions of DNA known as the "DNA barcode".
A plant family of the order Gentianales, subclass Asteridae, class Magnoliopsida.
A genus of gram-negative, facultatively anaerobic, rod-shaped bacteria that occurs in the intestines of humans and a wide variety of animals, as well as in manure, soil, and polluted waters. Its species are pathogenic, causing urinary tract infections and are also considered secondary invaders, causing septic lesions at other sites of the body.
The goosefoot plant family of the order Caryophyllales, subclass Caryophyllidae, class Magnoliopsida. It includes beets and chard (BETA VULGARIS), as well as SPINACH, and salt tolerant plants.
A class in the phylum PROTEOBACTERIA comprised mostly of two major phenotypes: purple non-sulfur bacteria and aerobic bacteriochlorophyll-containing bacteria.
The palm family of order Arecales, subclass Arecidae, class Liliopsida.
A technique for visualizing CHROMOSOME ABERRATIONS using fluorescently labeled DNA probes which are hybridized to chromosomal DNA. Multiple fluorochromes may be attached to the probes. Upon hybridization, this produces a multicolored, or painted, effect with a unique color at each site of hybridization. This technique may also be used to identify cross-species homology by labeling probes from one species for hybridization with chromosomes from another species.
The presence of bacteria, viruses, and fungi in water. This term is not restricted to pathogenic organisms.
The variety of all native living organisms and their various forms and interrelationships.
Insects of the family Formicidae, very common and widespread, probably the most successful of all the insect groups. All ants are social insects, and most colonies contain three castes, queens, males, and workers. Their habits are often very elaborate and a great many studies have been made of ant behavior. Ants produce a number of secretions that function in offense, defense, and communication. (From Borror, et al., An Introduction to the Study of Insects, 4th ed, p676)
Hydrocarbon rings which contain two ketone moieties in any position. They can be substituted in any position except at the ketone groups.
The arrangement of two or more amino acid or base sequences from an organism or organisms in such a way as to align areas of the sequences sharing common properties. The degree of relatedness or homology between the sequences is predicted computationally or statistically based on weights assigned to the elements aligned between the sequences. This in turn can serve as a potential indicator of the genetic relatedness between the organisms.
A group of substances similar to VITAMIN K 1 which contains a ring of 2-methyl-1,4-naphthoquinione and an isoprenoid side chain of varying number of isoprene units. In vitamin K 2, each isoprene unit contains a double bond. They are produced by bacteria including the normal intestinal flora.
A functional system which includes the organisms of a natural community together with their environment. (McGraw Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)
Members of the group of vascular plants which bear flowers. They are differentiated from GYMNOSPERMS by their production of seeds within a closed chamber (OVARY, PLANT). The Angiosperms division is composed of two classes, the monocotyledons (Liliopsida) and dicotyledons (Magnoliopsida). Angiosperms represent approximately 80% of all known living plants.
The mint plant family. They are characteristically aromatic, and many of them are cultivated for their oils. Most have square stems, opposite leaves, and two-lipped, open-mouthed, tubular corollas (united petals), with five-lobed, bell-like calyxes (united sepals).
Beliefs and practices concerned with producing desired results through supernatural forces or agents as with the manipulation of fetishes or rituals.
The mahogany plant family of the order Sapindales, subclass Rosidae, class Magnoliopsida.
Use of plants or herbs to treat diseases or to alleviate pain.
In vitro method for producing large amounts of specific DNA or RNA fragments of defined length and sequence from small amounts of short oligonucleotide flanking sequences (primers). The essential steps include thermal denaturation of the double-stranded target molecules, annealing of the primers to their complementary sequences, and extension of the annealed primers by enzymatic synthesis with DNA polymerase. The reaction is efficient, specific, and extremely sensitive. Uses for the reaction include disease diagnosis, detection of difficult-to-isolate pathogens, mutation analysis, genetic testing, DNA sequencing, and analyzing evolutionary relationships.
A genus of gram-negative, facultatively anaerobic, rod-shaped bacteria that occurs in the natural environment (soil, water, and plant surfaces) or as an opportunistic human pathogen.
A subfamily of assassin bugs (REDUVIIDAE) that are obligate blood-suckers of vertebrates. Included are the genera TRIATOMA; RHODNIUS; and PANSTRONGYLUS, which are vectors of TRYPANOSOMA CRUZI, the agent of CHAGAS DISEASE in humans.
A plant genus of the family RANUNCULACEAE. Members contain ACONITINE and other diterpenoid alkaloids.
A family of gram-negative, facultatively anaerobic, rod-shaped bacteria that do not form endospores. Its organisms are distributed worldwide with some being saprophytes and others being plant and animal parasites. Many species are of considerable economic importance due to their pathogenic effects on agriculture and livestock.
Cytochromes of the b group that have alpha-band absorption of 563-564 nm. They occur as subunits in MITOCHONDRIAL ELECTRON TRANSPORT COMPLEX III.
A country in northeastern Africa. The capital is Khartoum.
Water containing no significant amounts of salts, such as water from RIVERS and LAKES.
The terms, expressions, designations, or symbols used in a particular science, discipline, or specialized subject area.
Former kingdom, located on Korea Peninsula between Sea of Japan and Yellow Sea on east coast of Asia. In 1948, the kingdom ceased and two independent countries were formed, divided by the 38th parallel.
Social rank-order established by certain behavioral patterns.
The functional hereditary units of PLANTS.
The traditional Hindu system of medicine which is based on customs, beliefs, and practices of the Hindu culture. Ayurveda means "the science of Life": veda - science, ayur - life.
The transfer of POLLEN grains (male gametes) to the plant ovule (female gamete).
One of the three domains of life (the others being Eukarya and ARCHAEA), also called Eubacteria. They are unicellular prokaryotic microorganisms which generally possess rigid cell walls, multiply by cell division, and exhibit three principal forms: round or coccal, rodlike or bacillary, and spiral or spirochetal. Bacteria can be classified by their response to OXYGEN: aerobic, anaerobic, or facultatively anaerobic; by the mode by which they obtain their energy: chemotrophy (via chemical reaction) or PHOTOTROPHY (via light reaction); for chemotrophs by their source of chemical energy: CHEMOLITHOTROPHY (from inorganic compounds) or chemoorganotrophy (from organic compounds); and by their source for CARBON; NITROGEN; etc.; HETEROTROPHY (from organic sources) or AUTOTROPHY (from CARBON DIOXIDE). They can also be classified by whether or not they stain (based on the structure of their CELL WALLS) with CRYSTAL VIOLET dye: gram-negative or gram-positive.
A group of the proteobacteria comprised of facultatively anaerobic and fermentative gram-negative bacteria.
The genetic complement of a plant (PLANTS) as represented in its DNA.
Any normal or abnormal coloring matter in PLANTS; ANIMALS or micro-organisms.
Microscopy in which the object is examined directly by an electron beam scanning the specimen point-by-point. The image is constructed by detecting the products of specimen interactions that are projected above the plane of the sample, such as backscattered electrons. Although SCANNING TRANSMISSION ELECTRON MICROSCOPY also scans the specimen point by point with the electron beam, the image is constructed by detecting the electrons, or their interaction products that are transmitted through the sample plane, so that is a form of TRANSMISSION ELECTRON MICROSCOPY.
Material prepared from plants.
Genes that are located on the MITOCHONDRIAL DNA. Mitochondrial inheritance is often referred to as maternal inheritance but should be differentiated from maternal inheritance that is transmitted chromosomally.
A ubiquitous sodium salt that is commonly used to season food.
A climate which is typical of equatorial and tropical regions, i.e., one with continually high temperatures with considerable precipitation, at least during part of the year. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)
A genus of gram-negative, facultatively anaerobic, rod-shaped bacteria whose organisms arrange singly, in pairs, or short chains. This genus is commonly found in the intestinal tract and is an opportunistic pathogen that can give rise to bacteremia, pneumonia, urinary tract and several other types of human infection.
Life or metabolic reactions occurring in an environment containing oxygen.
Individuals whose ancestral origins are in the islands of the central and South Pacific, including Micronesia, Melanesia, Polynesia, and traditionally Australasia.
A phenotypically recognizable genetic trait which can be used to identify a genetic locus, a linkage group, or a recombination event.
A phylum of bacteria comprised of three classes: Bacteroides, Flavobacteria, and Sphingobacteria.
Formerly known as Siam, this is a Southeast Asian nation at the center of the Indochina peninsula. Bangkok is the capital city.
A family of gram-positive, saprophytic bacteria occurring in soil and aquatic environments.
A family of bacteria which produce endospores. They are mostly saprophytes from soil, but a few are insect or animal parasites or pathogens.
A large order of insects characterized by having the mouth parts adapted to piercing or sucking. It is comprised of four suborders: HETEROPTERA, Auchenorrhyncha, Sternorrhyncha, and Coleorrhyncha.
The human male sex chromosome, being the differential sex chromosome carried by half the male gametes and none of the female gametes in humans.
The Alu sequence family (named for the restriction endonuclease cleavage enzyme Alu I) is the most highly repeated interspersed repeat element in humans (over a million copies). It is derived from the 7SL RNA component of the SIGNAL RECOGNITION PARTICLE and contains an RNA polymerase III promoter. Transposition of this element into coding and regulatory regions of genes is responsible for many heritable diseases.
A family of bacteria in the order Sphingobacteriales, class Sphingobacteria. They are gram-negative rods, mostly saprophytic in terrestrial and aquatic habitats.
Constituent of the 40S subunit of eukaryotic ribosomes. 18S rRNA is involved in the initiation of polypeptide synthesis in eukaryotes.
A plant genus of the family POACEAE. The grain is used for FOOD and for ANIMAL FEED. This should not be confused with KAFFIR LIME or with KEFIR milk product.
The geographical area of Asia comprising BORNEO; BRUNEI; CAMBODIA; INDONESIA; LAOS; MALAYSIA; the MEKONG VALLEY; MYANMAR (formerly Burma), the PHILIPPINES; SINGAPORE; THAILAND; and VIETNAM.
A phylum of fungi which have cross-walls or septa in the mycelium. The perfect state is characterized by the formation of a saclike cell (ascus) containing ascospores. Most pathogenic fungi with a known perfect state belong to this phylum.
Class of BACTERIA with diverse morphological properties. Strains of Actinobacteria show greater than 80% 16S rDNA/rRNA sequence similarity among each other and also the presence of certain signature nucleotides. (Stackebrandt E. et al, Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol. (1997) 47:479-491)
The proportion of one particular in the total of all ALLELES for one genetic locus in a breeding POPULATION.
Complex nucleoprotein structures which contain the genomic DNA and are part of the CELL NUCLEUS of PLANTS.
The genetic complement of MITOCHONDRIA as represented in their DNA.
The relationship between two different species of organisms that are interdependent; each gains benefits from the other or a relationship between different species where both of the organisms in question benefit from the presence of the other.
The genetic constitution of individuals with respect to one member of a pair of allelic genes, or sets of genes that are closely linked and tend to be inherited together such as those of the MAJOR HISTOCOMPATIBILITY COMPLEX.
A family in the order Rhodobacterales, class ALPHAPROTEOBACTERIA.
Short sequences (generally about 10 base pairs) of DNA that are complementary to sequences of messenger RNA and allow reverse transcriptases to start copying the adjacent sequences of mRNA. Primers are used extensively in genetic and molecular biology techniques.
Individuals whose ancestral origins are in the continents of the Americas.
Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of genetic processes or phenomena. They include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.
Deoxyribonucleic acid that makes up the genetic material of fungi.
The regular and simultaneous occurrence in a single interbreeding population of two or more discontinuous genotypes. The concept includes differences in genotypes ranging in size from a single nucleotide site (POLYMORPHISM, SINGLE NUCLEOTIDE) to large nucleotide sequences visible at a chromosomal level.
The chromosomal constitution of cells, in which each type of CHROMOSOME is represented twice. Symbol: 2N or 2X.
Health care provided to specific cultural or tribal peoples which incorporates local customs, beliefs, and taboos.
Sets of cell surface antigens located on BLOOD CELLS. They are usually membrane GLYCOPROTEINS or GLYCOLIPIDS that are antigenically distinguished by their carbohydrate moieties.
A family of gram-negative, gliding bacteria in the order Cytophagales, class Cytophagia. They are found in SOIL and SEA WATER.
The order of amino acids as they occur in a polypeptide chain. This is referred to as the primary structure of proteins. It is of fundamental importance in determining PROTEIN CONFORMATION.
A species of gram-negative, facultatively anaerobic, rod-shaped bacteria that occurs in soil, fecal matter, and sewage. It is an opportunistic pathogen and causes cystitis and pyelonephritis.
The systematic arrangement of entities in any field into categories classes based on common characteristics such as properties, morphology, subject matter, etc.
A class in the phylum PROTEOBACTERIA comprised of chemoheterotrophs and chemoautotrophs which derive nutrients from decomposition of organic material.
The chromosomal constitution of a cell containing multiples of the normal number of CHROMOSOMES; includes triploidy (symbol: 3N), tetraploidy (symbol: 4N), etc.
A phylum of fungi that produce their sexual spores (basidiospores) on the outside of the basidium. It includes forms commonly known as mushrooms, boletes, puffballs, earthstars, stinkhorns, bird's-nest fungi, jelly fungi, bracket or shelf fungi, and rust and smut fungi.
The complete genetic complement contained in a DNA or RNA molecule in a virus.
The inhabitants of rural areas or of small towns classified as rural.
A kingdom of eukaryotic, heterotrophic organisms that live parasitically as saprobes, including MUSHROOMS; YEASTS; smuts, molds, etc. They reproduce either sexually or asexually, and have life cycles that range from simple to complex. Filamentous fungi, commonly known as molds, refer to those that grow as multicellular colonies.
Individuals whose ancestral origins are in the southeastern and eastern areas of the Asian continent.
The genetic constitution of the individual, comprising the ALLELES present at each GENETIC LOCUS.
Constituent of the 60S subunit of eukaryotic ribosomes. 5.8S rRNA is involved in the initiation of polypeptide synthesis in eukaryotes.
Erythrocyte isoantigens of the Rh (Rhesus) blood group system, the most complex of all human blood groups. The major antigen Rh or D is the most common cause of erythroblastosis fetalis.
A country spanning from central Asia to the Pacific Ocean.
Refuse liquid or waste matter carried off by sewers.
The complete absence, or (loosely) the paucity, of gaseous or dissolved elemental oxygen in a given place or environment. (From Singleton & Sainsbury, Dictionary of Microbiology and Molecular Biology, 2d ed)
Members of a Semitic people inhabiting the Arabian peninsula or other countries of the Middle East and North Africa. The term may be used with reference to ancient, medieval, or modern ethnic or cultural groups. (From Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)
Deoxyribonucleic acid that makes up the genetic material of archaea.
Collaborative process of research involving researchers and community representatives.
A genus of aerobic, helical spirochetes, some species of which are pathogenic, others free-living or saprophytic.
Statistical interpretation and description of a population with reference to distribution, composition, or structure.
The total number of cases of a given disease in a specified population at a designated time. It is differentiated from INCIDENCE, which refers to the number of new cases in the population at a given time.
Insect members of the superfamily Apoidea, found almost everywhere, particularly on flowers. About 3500 species occur in North America. They differ from most WASPS in that their young are fed honey and pollen rather than animal food.
A dye that is a mixture of violet rosanilinis with antibacterial, antifungal, and anthelmintic properties.
A family of bacteria ranging from free living and saprophytic to parasitic and pathogenic forms.
Inuktitut-speakers generally associated with the northern polar region.
A genus of gram-positive, aerobic bacteria whose species are widely distributed and are abundant in soil. Some strains are pathogenic opportunists for humans and animals.
A genus of gram-negative, facultatively anaerobic, rod-shaped bacteria whose organisms occur in the lower part of the intestine of warm-blooded animals. The species are either nonpathogenic or opportunistic pathogens.
A genus of gram-negative gliding bacteria found in SOIL; HUMUS; and FRESHWATER and marine habitats.
A verbal or nonverbal means of communicating ideas or feelings.
The genetic complement of a BACTERIA as represented in its DNA.
The functional hereditary units of BACTERIA.
The fleshy or dry ripened ovary of a plant, enclosing the seed or seeds.
A genus of gram-negative, aerobic, rod-shaped bacteria widely distributed in SOIL and WATER. Its organisms are also found in raw meats, MILK and other FOOD, hospital environments, and human clinical specimens. Some species are pathogenic in humans.
A genus of asporogenous bacteria that is widely distributed in nature. Its organisms appear as straight to slightly curved rods and are known to be human and animal parasites and pathogens.
Proteins found in any species of bacterium.
The property of objects that determines the direction of heat flow when they are placed in direct thermal contact. The temperature is the energy of microscopic motions (vibrational and translational) of the particles of atoms.
The continent lying around the South Pole and the southern waters of the Atlantic, Pacific, and Indian Oceans. It includes the Falkland Islands Dependencies. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p55)
"Genera of Convolvulaceae tribe Aniseieae". Germplasm Resources Information Network. United States Department of Agriculture. ... "Genera of Convolvulaceae tribe Cresseae". Germplasm Resources Information Network. United States Department of Agriculture. ... "Genera of Convolvulaceae tribe Cuscuteae". Germplasm Resources Information Network. United States Department of Agriculture. ... "Genera of Convolvulaceae tribe Dichondreae". Germplasm Resources Information Network. United States Department of Agriculture. ...
Tribe > Genus > Species The International Code of Nomenclature for Bacteria states that the Section rank is an informal one, ... Tribe > Genus > Subgenus > Section (botany) > Subsection > Species Within fauna (animals), 'section' refers to a zoological ... Within flora (plants), 'section' refers to a botanical rank below the genus, but above the species: Domain > Kingdom > Division ...
... is a genus of Chinese plants in the aster tribe within the daisy family. Species The only known species is Sheareria ... "Tribe Astereae". Retrieved 2009-07-18. National Herbarium of New South Wales. "Genus Kippistia". New South Wales FloraOnline. ...
Remya is a genus of Hawaiian plants in the aster tribe within the sunflower family. Species Remya kauaiensis Hillebr. - Kaua'i ... "Tribe Astereae". Retrieved 2009-07-18. National Herbarium of New South Wales. "Genus Kippistia". New South Wales FloraOnline. ... Genera Plantarum ad exemplaria imprimis in herbariis Kewensibus 2: 536 in Latin Botanic Garden and Botanical Museum Berlin- ...
"Tribe Astereae". Retrieved 2009-07-18. National Herbarium of New South Wales. "Genus Kippistia". New South Wales FloraOnline. ... Four species are related to Gundlachia and may be moved to that genus. The relationships of the other five species is not quite ... Xylothamia, the desert goldenrods, is a genus of flowering plants in the daisy family, Asteraceae. Until 2003, it was held to ... Urbatsch, L. E.; Roberts, R. P.; Karaman, V. (2003). "Phylogenetic evaluation of Xylothamia, Gundlachia, and related genera ( ...
"Tribe Astereae". Retrieved 2009-07-18. National Herbarium of New South Wales. "Genus Kippistia". New South Wales FloraOnline. ... Hysterionica is a genus of flowering plants in the daisy family. Species Hysterionica aberrans (Cabrera) Cabrera - Tucumán ...
"Tribe Astereae". Retrieved 2009-07-18. National Herbarium of New South Wales. "Genus Kippistia". New South Wales FloraOnline. ... Oreostemma is a genus of flowering plants in the daisy family, Asteraceae. Species are found in western North America, with two ... The genus Oreostemma (Asteraceae: Astereae). Phytologia 74(4): 305-316 Botanic Garden and Botanical Museum Berlin-Dahlem. " ... The genus Oreostemma (Asteraceae: Astereae). Phytologia 74: 305-316. Biota of North America Program 2013 county distribution ...
This genus's host plant are thistles in the subtribe Carduinae. The genus's sister group is Bangasternus. The genus's most ... Weevils of the sub-family Cleonidae in the fauna of the USSR; tribe Lixini. New Dehli: Amerind Publishing Co Martin Brandle; ... Rhinocyllus is a small genus of true weevil, with about 4 species described. ... conicus which is a controversial agent of biological pest control which has been used against noxious thistles in the genera ...
"Tribe Astereae". Retrieved 2009-07-18. National Herbarium of New South Wales. "Genus Centipeda". New South Wales FloraOnline. ... Centipeda is a genus of flowering plants in the daisy family, Asteraceae. The genus is primarily native to Australia and New ... published an estimation of the species tree phylogeny of the Australian/New Zealand genus Centipeda (Asteraceae) based on ... Nylinder, Stephan (Apr 2, 2013). "Species tree phylogeny and character evolution in the genus Centipeda (Asteraceae): Evidence ...
... is a genus of flowering plants in the aster tribe within the sunflower family. Species Myriactis andina (V.M.Badillo ... "Tribe Astereae". Retrieved 2009-07-18. National Herbarium of New South Wales. "Genus Kippistia". New South Wales FloraOnline. ...
"Tribe Astereae". Retrieved 2009-07-18. National Herbarium of New South Wales. "Genus Kippistia". New South Wales FloraOnline. ... Grangea is a genus of flowering plants in the sunflower family. Species Grangea anthemoides O.Hoffm. - Angola, Botswana, Zambia ...
"Tribe Astereae". Retrieved 2009-07-18. National Herbarium of New South Wales. "Genus Kippistia". New South Wales FloraOnline. ... Cuniculotinus is a genus of flowering plants in the sunflower family. There is only one known species, Cuniculotinus gramineus ...
"Tribe Astereae". Retrieved 2009-07-18. National Herbarium of New South Wales. "Genus Kippistia". New South Wales FloraOnline. ... Nestotus is a genus of flowering plants in the daisy family, Asteraceae. The name Nestotus was chosen because it is an anagram ... of the name of the related genus Stenotus. Tonestus is similarly another anagram of the same name. Species Nestotus macleanii ( ...
... is a genus of East Asian flowering plants in the aster tribe within the sunflower family. Species Miyamayomena ... "Tribe Astereae". Retrieved 2009-07-18. National Herbarium of New South Wales. "Genus Kippistia". New South Wales FloraOnline. ...
... is a genus of North American flowering plants in the aster tribe within the sunflower family. The genus is named in ... "Tribe Astereae". Retrieved 2009-07-18. National Herbarium of New South Wales. "Genus Kippistia". New South Wales FloraOnline. ...
"Tribe Astereae". Retrieved 2009-07-18. National Herbarium of New South Wales. "Genus Kippistia". New South Wales FloraOnline. ... Ceruana is a genus of flowering plants in the daisy family, Asteraceae. There is only one known species, Ceruana pratensis, ...
"Tribe Astereae". Retrieved 2009-07-18. National Herbarium of New South Wales. "Genus Kippistia". New South Wales FloraOnline. ... Dichrocephala is a genus of flowering plants in the sunflower family, native to tropical Africa and southern Asia. Species ...
"Tribe Astereae". Retrieved 2009-07-18. National Herbarium of New South Wales. "Genus Kippistia". New South Wales FloraOnline. ... Rayjacksonia is a genus of North American flowering plants in the daisy family, Asteraceae. It is one of several genera with ... The genus is named in honor of American botanist Raymond Carl Jackson. Species Rayjacksonia annua (Rydb.) R.L.Hartm. & M.A.Lane ...
... sapida thus has the southernmost range of any palm genus. Subfamily: Arecoideae; tribe: Areceae; subtribe: Rhopalostylidinae. ... Rhopalostylis is a genus of two species of palms native to the South Pacific. Both are smooth-trunked, with regular ringed ... For the genus Rhopalostylis Klotzsch ex. Baill., of the family Euphorbiaceae, see its current synonym Dalechampia. ... Rhopalostylis is closely related to the Lord Howe Island genus Hedyscepe. H.A. Wendland & Drude, Linnaea 39:180, 234. 1875 Type ...
"Tribe Astereae". Retrieved 2009-07-18. National Herbarium of New South Wales. "Genus Kippistia". New South Wales FloraOnline. ... Kemulariella is a genus of flowering plants in the sunflower family. Species Kemulariella abchasica (Kem.-Nath.) Tamamsch. - ...
"Tribe Astereae". Retrieved 2009-07-18. National Herbarium of New South Wales. "Genus Kippistia". New South Wales FloraOnline. ... Benitoa is a genus of flowering plants in the daisy family, Asteraceae. Benitoa is a monotypic genus containing the single ... It is sometimes included in genus Lessingia as the synonym Lessingia occidentalis. Benitoa is endemic to California, where it ... CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)[permanent dead link] Nesom, G. L. (2000). Generic conspectus of the tribe Astereae ( ...
... is a tribe of geometer moths under subfamily Larentiinae. The tribe was first described by Philogène Auguste Joseph ... CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link) Parra, Luis E.; Alvear, Carla A. (2009). "Revision of the genus Ennada Blanchard ( ... "Tribe Larentiini". Lepidoptera and Some Other Life Forms. Retrieved May 7, 2019. ...
"Tribe Astereae". Retrieved 2009-07-18. National Herbarium of New South Wales. "Genus Kippistia". New South Wales FloraOnline. ... Chiliotrichum is a genus of flowering plants in the daisy family, Asteraceae. Species Chiliotrichum angustifolium Phil. - Chile ...
Plants within the tribe are present nearly worldwide divided into 170 genera and more than 2,800 species, making it the second- ... A paper by R. D. Noyes and L. H. Rieseberg showed that most of the genera within the tribe in North America actually belong to ... "Tribe Astereae". Retrieved 2008-06-12. National Herbarium of New South Wales. "Genus Kippistia". New South Wales FloraOnline. ... Astereae is a tribe of plants in the family Asteraceae that includes annuals, biennials, perennials, subshrubs, shrubs, and ...
"Tribe Astereae". Retrieved 2009-07-18. National Herbarium of New South Wales. "Genus Kippistia". New South Wales FloraOnline. ... Peripleura is a genus of flowering plants in the daisy family, Asteraceae. Botanic Garden and Botanical Museum Berlin-Dahlem. " ...
... is a genus of flowering plants in the aster tribe within the sunflower family. The genus was named in honour of Jean- ... "Tribe Astereae". Retrieved 2009-07-18. National Herbarium of New South Wales. "Genus Kippistia". New South Wales FloraOnline. ...
... is a genus of North American and South American plants in the aster tribe within the sunflower family which are known ... "Tribe Astereae". Retrieved 2009-07-18. National Herbarium of New South Wales. "Genus Kippistia". New South Wales FloraOnline. ...
"Tribe Astereae". Retrieved 2009-07-18. National Herbarium of New South Wales. "Genus Kippistia". New South Wales FloraOnline. ... Oonopsis, false goldenweed, is a genus of flowering plants in the daisy family. Species Oonopsis engelmannii (A.Gray) Greene - ...
The tribe Galegeae contains roughly twenty genera. Indigofereae and Psoraleeae were once included as subtribes, but have since ... Rydberg PA (1923). "Genera of North American Fabaceae. I. Tribe Galegeae". American Journal of Botany. 10 (9): 485-498. doi: ... Galegeae is a tribe in the flowering plant family Fabaceae, subfamily Faboideae. The tribe is found mostly in the northern ... doi:10.11646/phytotaxa.374.1.8.CS1 maint: uses authors parameter (link) Zhang M-L, Podlech D (2006). "Revision of the genus ...
"Genera of Oleaceae tribe Oleeae". Germplasm Resources Information Network. United States Department of Agriculture. Retrieved ... Oleeae is a tribe of flowering plants in the olive family, Oleaceae. "Oleaceae Hoffmanns. & Link, nom. cons. tribe Oleeae". ...
Newts in the genus Taricha has a poison called tetrodotoxin, a neurotoxin. Scientists believe that toxins in newts are caused ... The American Indian tribe comechingóns used the toxins of the arrow dart frogs when hunting.[16] ... The Ranidae family and the Ceratophrys genus will eat almost anything they can fit into their mouths.[19]p668 These include ... Axolotls, from the genus Ambystoma (or mole salamanders), are neotenic amphibians. This means they get to sexual maturity and ...
Humankind gradually evolved from early members of the genus Homo-such as Homo habilis, who used simple stone tools-into ... Paleolithic peoples suffered less famine and malnutrition than the Neolithic farming tribes that followed them.[21][116] This ... East Asian fossils from this period are typically placed in the genus Homo erectus. Very little fossil evidence is available at ... Human societies from the Paleolithic to the early Neolithic farming tribes lived without states and organized governments. For ...
2010). "Tabaroa, a new genus of Leguminosae tribe Brongniartieae from Brazil". Kew Bull 65 (2): 189-203. JSTOR 23216080. doi: ... reinstatement of the genus Calobota and the new genus Wiborgiella". S Afr J Bot 75 (3): 546-556. doi:10.1016/j.sajb.2009.06.001 ... 2013). "Staminodianthus, a new neotropical Genistoid legume genus segregated from Diplotropis". Phytotaxa 110 (1): 1-16. doi: ... A New Dalbergioid Legume Genus (Leguminosae, Papilionoideae) from Peru". Syst Bot 29 (2): 366-374. doi:10.1600/ ...
Tribe:. Hominini Genus:. †Paranthropus Species: †P. boisei Binomial name Paranthropus boisei. (Mary Leakey, 1959) ... Paranthropus boisei or Australopithecus boisei was an early hominin, described as the largest of the genus Paranthropus (robust ...
Tribe: Vicieae Genus: Lens Species: L. culinaris Binomial name Lens culinaris. Medikus ... The genus Lens is part of the subfamily Faboideae which is contained in the flowering plant family Fabaceae or commonly known ... The first use of the word lens to designate a specific genus was in the 16th century by the botanist Tournefort.[2] ... Lens is a small genus which consists of the cultivated L. culinaris and six related wild taxa. Among the different taxa of wild ...
It is monotypic within the genus Myosciurus. It is found in tropical rainforests in Cameroon, the Republic of the Congo, ...
The family contains 372 genera and 4,060 accepted species.[3] The largest genera are Draba (440 species), Erysimum (261 species ... One analysis from 2014 represented the relation between 39 tribes with the following tree.[10] ... Southern Africa 15 genera with over 100 species, and Australia and New-Zealand have 19 genera with 114 species between them.[6] ... The name Brassicaceae comes to international scientific vocabulary from New Latin, from Brassica, the type genus, + -aceae,[11] ...
Tribe:. Caesalpinieae Genus:. Haematoxylum Species: H. campechianum Binomial name Haematoxylum campechianum. L., 1753 ... It may also refer to members of the genus Xylosma, which is part of the willow family, Salicaceae.. ...
Tribe: Stegobiini Genus: Stegobium. Motschulsky, 1860 Species: S. paniceum. Binomial name Stegobium paniceum. (Linnaeus, 1758) ... It is the only member of the monotypic genus Stegobium. The drugstore beetle has a worldwide distribution though it is more ...
The Nords and various arctic tribes revered the whale as they were important pieces of their lives. In Inuit creation myths, ... Balaenopterids consist of two genera and eight species.[12] Balaenids are the right whales. These animals have very large heads ...
GeneraEdit. A short synoptic list of genera is given here. For further and more detailed information, see the subfamily pages. ... The anthers have two or four pollen sacs (locules). In tribe Caroxyloneae, anthers have vesicular appendages. The pollen grains ... Genera Amaranthoideae Achyranthes, Achyropsis, Aerva, Allmania, Allmaniopsis, Amaranthus, Arthraerua, Bosea, Calicorema, ... and contain about 65 genera and 900 species in tropical Africa and North America. The Amaranthoideae and some genera of ...
Because of this, it has also been proposed H. habilis be moved to the genus Australopithecus as Australopithecus habilis. ... Some modern day nomadic tribes build similar low-lying rock walls to build temporary shelters upon, bending upright branches as ... Wood, B.; Collard, M. (1999). "The Human Genus". Science. 284 (5411): 65-71. doi:10.1126/science.284.5411.65.. ... Collard, Mark; Wood, Bernard (2015). "Defining the Genus Homo". Handbook of Paleoanthropology. pp. 2107-2144. doi:10.1007/978-3 ...
Tribe: Fabeae. Genus: Vicia. Species: V. faba. Binomial name Vicia faba. L. ...
Tribe Microglossini: one genus with one species, the black palm cockatoo. *Tribe Cacatuini: four genera of white, pink, and ... The two other tribes in the subfamily are the closely related fig parrots (two genera in the tribe Cyclopsittini) and ... Subfamily Psittacellinae: one genus (Psittacella) with several species. *Subfamily Loriinae *Tribe Loriini: lories and ... Subfamily Coracopsinae: one genus with several species.. *Subfamily Platycercinae *Tribe Pezoporini: ground parrots and allies ...
The snowdrop is Galanthus, a genus of small herbaceous plants. There are about 20 species in this genus. They have two ...
Louis Pierre Veillot used additional ranks: order, tribe, family, genus, species. Birds of prey (order Accipitres) were divided ... The taxonomy of Carl Linnaeus grouped birds (class Aves) into orders, genera, and species, with no formal ranks between genus ... He also introduced five new genera of vultures (Gypagus, Catharista, Daptrius, Ibycter, Polyborus)[note 1] and eleven new ... He placed all birds of prey into a single order, Accipitres, subdividing this into four genera: Vultur (vultures), Falco ( ...
As one of the species of the tribe Canini, it is related to the genus Canis. The crab-eating fox's nearest living relative, as ... Cerdocyonina is a tribe which appeared around 6.0 million years ago (Mya) in North America as Cerdocyon avius becoming extinct ... This genus has persisted in South America from an undetermined time, possibly around 3.1 Mya, and continues to the present in ... Cerdocyon thous, C. avius and other species of the genus Cerdocyon underwent radiational evolution on the South American ...
Allen Jones (1972) suggests that the name Philistine represents a corruption of the Greek phyle histia ('tribe of the hearth ... For the plant genus, see Allophylus.. The biblical description identifies five Philistine cities: Gaza, Ashdod, Ashkelon, Ekron ... In referring to a tribe or nation, the Hebrew writers as a rule either (a) personified an imaginary founder, making his name ... he hoped to match the names with those of ancient tribes and peoples mentioned in Greek and Hebrew texts. Unfortunately, ...
Tribe: Citreae Subtribe: Citrinae Genus: Citrus. L. Species and hybrids Ancestral species:. Citrus maxima - Pomelo. Citrus ... Citrus is a genus of flowering trees and shrubs in the rue family, Rutaceae. Plants in the genus produce citrus fruits, ... About 7 million years ago, the ancestors of Citrus split into the main genus, Citrus, and the genus Poncirus (such as the ... The genus Citrus is native to South Asia, East Asia, Southeast Asia, Melanesia, and Australia. Various citrus species have been ...
Bush, Guy L. (1966). The Taxonomy, Cytology, and Evolution of Genus Rhagoletis in North America (Diptera, Tephritidae). ... Tribe: Carpomyiini Subtribe: Carpomyina Genus: Rhagoletis Species: R. pomonella. Binomial name Rhagoletis pomonella. (Walsh, ...
Some Inuit tribes in Alaska also roasted and ground the seeds of the iris to be used as a coffee substitute. The flower petals ... Iris setosa is a species in the genus Iris, it is also in the subgenus of Limniris and in the Iris series Tripetalae. It is a ... Kašša, Pavol (13 September 2012). "SECONDARY METABOLITES OF THE CHOSEN GENUS IRIS SPECIES". Acta univ. agric. et silvic. ...
Endlicher named the genus for the operation that he had conducted. The new genus fell in sequence with the other four genera in ... The giant sequoia was well known to Native American tribes living in its area. Native American names for the species include ... since the number of seeds per cone in the newly-classified genus fell in mathematical sequence with the other four genera in ... because the number of seeds per cone in the newly-classified genus aligned in mathematical sequence with the other four genera ...
This article relating to the Crambini tribe of moths is a stub. You can help Wikipedia by expanding it. *v ... Genus:. Catoptria. Species:. C. montivaga. Binomial name. Catoptria montivaga. (Inoue, 1955). Synonyms. ...
The genus Gymnogyps is an example of a relict distribution. During the Pleistocene epoch, this genus was widespread across the ... The Wiyot tribe of California say that the condor recreated mankind after Above Old Man wiped humanity out with a flood.[85] ... Description of genus Gymnogyps]. ser. 2 '6'(44): col. 1037. *. Nielsen, John (2006). Condor: To the Brink and Back-The Life and ... Although other fossil members are known, it is the only surviving member of the genus Gymnogyps. The species is listed by the ...
Some Plateau Indian tribes used the bark as a laxative and emetic.[4] ... Genus: Cornus Subgenus: Cornus subg. Cynoxylon Species: C. nuttallii. Binomial name Cornus nuttallii. Audubon ex Torr. & A.Gray ...
Genera such as Caryodaphnopsis and Aspidostemon that share embryological characteristics with one tribe and wood and bark ... GeneraEdit. Recent taxonomic revisions of the family include these genera:[24] ... as well as three additional genera.[19] Partial support for the tribe is also attained from the matK sequences of chloroplast ... These genera include some of the best-known species of particular commercial value: *Cinnamomum: cinnamon, cassia and camphor ...
Tribe Apini Latreille[17] Genus Apis Linnaeus (s. lato) *henshawi species group (†Priorapis Engel, †Synapis Cockerell) **†A. ... The genus name Apis is Latin for "bee".[3] Although modern dictionaries may refer to Apis as either honey bee or honeybee, ... A honey bee (or honeybee) is a eusocial, flying insect within the genus Apis of the bee clade. They are known for construction ... Honey bees are the only extant members of the tribe Apini. Today's honey bees constitute three clades: Micrapis (dwarf honey ...
A bean is a seed of one of several genera of the flowering plant family Fabaceae, which are used for human or animal food. ... In the New World, many tribes would grow beans together with maize (corn), and squash. The corn would not be planted in rows as ... This was long before the New World genus Phaseolus was known in Europe. After Columbian-era contact between Europe and the ... Most of the kinds commonly eaten fresh or dried, those of the genus Phaseolus, come originally from the Americas, being first ...
Fig (genus Ficus) is a soft, sweet fruit. Its skin is very thin and has many small seeds inside of it. There are more than 850 ...
The genus Sylviornis, a huge prehistorically extinct species of New Caledonia, was flightless, but as opposed to most other ... The grouse, turkeys, true pheasants, etc., would then become tribes of this subfamily, similar to how the Coturnicinae are ... Modern genera of phasianids start appearing around the Oligo-/Miocene boundary, roughly 25-20 Mya. It is not well known whether ... These galliform genera prefer instead to capture live invertebrates in leaf litter, in sand, or shallow pools or along stream ...
Summer sholarship to study Phylogenetic relationships within the genus Citrus and related genera of the tribe Citreae (Rutaceae ... Phylogenetic relationships within the genus Citrus and related genera of the tribe Citreae (Rutaceae: Aurantioideae).. ... Closely related to the genus Citrus are several genera, which were recognized by Swingle. These include the genera Clymenia, ... The subtribe Citrineae (tribe Citreae) consists of about 21 genera and 114 species of trees and shrubs which are almost ...
Ogata K, Okido H, Klingenberg C (2007). Revision of the ant genus Perissomyrmex with notes on the phylogeny of the tribe ... Revision of the ant genus Perissomyrmex with notes on the phylogeny of the tribe Myrmecinini. Dataset homepage ... Revision of the ant genus Perissomyrmex with notes on the phylogeny of the tribe Myrmecinini. In: Snelling, R. R., Fisher, B. L ...
... ... Descriptions of larvae of the tribe Hyperini (Coleoptera: Curculionidae): III. Mature larvae of the genus Donus Jekel, 1865. ... Skuhrovec J Ř Í, plazi (2007). Descriptions of larvae of the tribe Hyperini (Coleoptera: Curculionidae): III. Mature larvae of ... the genus Donus Jekel, 1865. Plazi.org taxonomic treatments database. Checklist dataset https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.178787 ...
Weevils of the tribe Sipalini (Coleoptera, Curculionidae, Rhynchophorinae). Part 3, The genus Sipalinus. American Museum ... Weevils of the tribe Sipalini (Coleoptera, Curculionidae, Rhynchophorinae). Part 3, The genus Sipalinus. American Museum ... "In the present revision of the genus Sipalinus of the Old World, five species from Africa and two from Eurasia and Australasia ... Two names listed in catalogues are removed from the genus, elephas Fabricius, 1781 and porosus Walker, 1859. Geographic ranges ...
Peterson, P M; Romaschenko, K; Barker, N P; Linder, H P (2011). Centropodieae and Ellisochloa, a new tribe and genus in ... which includes two genera, Centropodia and a new genus, Ellisochloa with two species, Ellisochloa papposa and E. rangei. The ... which includes two genera, Centropodia and a new genus, Ellisochloa with two species, Ellisochloa papposa and E. rangei. The ... We present evidence in favor of the expansion of subfamily Chloridoideae to include a new tribe, Centropodieae, ...
PHYLOGENY AND CLASSIFICATION OF THE BEE TRIBE MEGACHILINI (HYMENOPTERA: APOIDEA, MEGACHILIDAE), WITH EMPHASIS ON THE GENUS ... PHYLOGENY AND CLASSIFICATION OF THE BEE TRIBE MEGACHILINI (HYMENOPTERA: APOIDEA, MEGACHILIDAE), WITH EMPHASIS ON THE GENUS ... Lithurgini was the sister group of all other tribes; no synapomorphies were found for Osmiini, and all tribes appeared ... The cleptoparasitic bee tribe, Dioxyini, was the sister group of the clade formed by Anthidiini, and Osmiini + Megachilini. A ...
The results show that the genera of the Polygonateae are each monophyletic, and also show that a fourth genus, Maianthemum, ... This group of genera, characterized by their axillary-flowered habit, are closely related but differ greatly in their ... Species-level relationships within each individual genus were analyzed, in part to allow assessment of the placement of many ... are a subtribe of the Nolinoideae that is redefined here to include three genera which are investigated here: Disporopsis; ...
... type genus, Axonya Andrewes) with 3 genera; the Holarctic-Oriental subtribe Broscina (type genus Broscus Panzer) with 9 genera ... with 10 genera; the south temperate Neotropical Barypina (type genus Barypus Dejean) with 2 genera; and the south temperate ... The subtribes and genera of the tribe Broscini (Coleoptera, Carabidae) : cladistic analysis, taxonomic treatment, and ... The subtribes and genera of the tribe Broscini (Coleoptera, Carabidae) : cladistic analysis, taxonomic treatment, and ...
Resolving the genera Aloysia and Acantholippia within the tribe Lantaneae (Verbenaceae), using chloroplast and nuclear sequence ... Resolving the genera Aloysia and Acantholippia within the tribe Lantaneae (Verbenaceae), using chloroplast and nuclear sequence ... Home » Resolving the genera Aloysia and Acantholippia within the tribe Lantaneae (Verbenaceae), using chloroplast and nuclear ...
These six genera constitute a natural group inside the tribe Citreae. This group I propose to recognize as a subtribe ... These six genera constitute a natural group inside the tribe Citreae. This group I propose to recognize as a subtribe ... 6 MERRILLIA, A NEW RUTACEOUS GENUS OF THE TRIBE CITREAE FROM THE MALAY PENINSULA By WALTER T. SWINGLE TWO PLATES In the ... Merrillia, a new Rutaceous Genus of the tribe Citreae from the Malay Peninsula ...
... and Oreochromis of the tribe Tilapiini (Pisces, Cichlidae), Genetica, 68 (3), pp. 175-188. ... Relative DNA content of somatic nuclei and chromosomal studies in three genera, Tilapia, Sarotherodon, and Oreochromis of the ... Majumdar KC & McAndrew B (1986) Relative DNA content of somatic nuclei and chromosomal studies in three genera, Tilapia, ... Seven Tilapiine species from three genera Tilapia, Sarotherodon, and Oreochromis were cytogenetically studied for chromosome ...
... it is proposed that the genus Tsukiyamaia is closely related to the genus Polytremis, which has high species diversity in China ... Despite its peculiar and striking wing-pattern, this new genus has some important characters of Baorini, such as a broad and ... Skippers of the tribe Baorini are evidently a monophyletic group in the subfamily Hesperiinae. In this study, a new Baorini ...
This tribe, largely confined to western North America, harbors nine genera and c. 130 species, with >90% of species belonging ... This tribe, largely confined to western North America, harbors nine genera and c. 130 species, with ,90% of species belonging ... The tribe Boechereae plays a prominent role in plant research due to the incidence of apomixis and its close relationship to ... The tribe Boechereae plays a prominent role in plant research due to the incidence of apomixis and its close relationship to ...
Keys to the genera of Augilini and the species of Youtuus Chen & Gong, gen. n. are given. ... A new bamboo-feeding planthopper genus Youtuus Chen & Gong, gen. n. with two new species Y. erythrus Gong, Yang & Chen, sp. n. ...
"Genera of Convolvulaceae tribe Aniseieae". Germplasm Resources Information Network. United States Department of Agriculture. ... "Genera of Convolvulaceae tribe Cresseae". Germplasm Resources Information Network. United States Department of Agriculture. ... "Genera of Convolvulaceae tribe Cuscuteae". Germplasm Resources Information Network. United States Department of Agriculture. ... "Genera of Convolvulaceae tribe Dichondreae". Germplasm Resources Information Network. United States Department of Agriculture. ...
Tribe Lantaneae[edit]. Genus Phyla[edit]. Lamiales - Verbenaceae - Lantaneae - Phyla. Phyla. Fogfruit. N.Y. Status. Images. ... Tribe Mimuleae[edit]. Genus Mimulus[edit]. Lamiales - Phrymaceae - Mimuleae - Mimulus. Mimulus. Monkey flower. N.Y. Status. ... Tribe Verbeneae[edit]. Genus Verbena[edit]. Verbena sect. Verbena[edit]. Lamiales - Verbenaceae - Verbeneae - Verbena - sect. ... Tribe Catalpeae[edit]. Genus Catalpa[edit]. Southern catalpa (C. bignonioides) and northern caltapa (C. speciosa) are U.S. ...
Tribe Sicyoeae[edit]. Genus Echinocystis[edit]. Echinocystis (wild cucumber) is a monotypic genus ... Tribe Cucurbiteae[edit]. Genus Cucurbita[edit]. Cucurbitaceae - Cucurbiteae - Cucurbita. Cucurbita. Gourd. N.Y. Status. Images ... Tribe Benincaseae[edit]. Genus Citrullus[edit]. Cucurbitaceae - Benincaseae - Citrullus. Citrullus. Watermelon. N.Y. Status. ... Tribe Bryonieae[edit]. Genus Ecballium[edit]. Cucurbitaceae - Bryonieae - Ecballium. Ecballium. Squirting-cucumber. N.Y. Status ...
5 Subfamilies, tribes, and genera. *6 References. Description and biology[edit]. The mouth of this fish is located on the ... Bruner, John Clay (1991). "Comments on the genus Amyzon (family Catostomidae)". Journal of Paleontology. 65 (4): 678-686. doi: ...
One genus and several species are extinct; another genus is extinct in the wild. Two species are known only through subfossil ... The Arini tribe of the neotropical parrots is a monophyletic clade of macaws and parakeets (commonly called conures in ... Molecular studies have dated the divergence of the Arini tribe from the ancestral neotropical parrots to late in the Paleogene ...
In biology, a tribe is a taxonomic rank above genus, but below family and subfamily. It is sometimes subdivided into subtribes ... By convention, all taxonomic ranks above genus are capitalized, including both tribe and subtribe. In zoology, the standard ... based on the genus name Pseudomonas. An unfamiliar taxonomic rank cannot necessarily be identified as a tribe merely by the ... Examples include the tribes Acalypheae and Hyacintheae. The tribe Hyacintheae is divided into subtribes, including the subtribe ...
The distribution of 5S and 45S rDNA in several species belonging to other genera in Benincaseae tribe was also investigated. ... The genus Citrullus belongs to the Benincaseae tribe of the Cucurbitaceae family [1]. There are four or five species in the ... The genus Citrullus belongs to the Benincaseae tribe of the Cucurbitaceae family [1]. The Benincaseae is a relatively large ... FISH of 5S rDNA (red) and 45S rDNA (green) probes in eight species from other genera in Benincaseae tribe. a Lagenaria ...
The tribe Cinchoneae is strongly supported as monophyletic in a restricted sense, including the genera Cinchona, Cinchonopsis, ... Phylogeny of the tribe Cinchoneae (Rubiaceae), its position in Cinchonoideae, and description of a new genus, Ciliosemina ... Within Cinchonoideae s.s., the tribe Naucleeae is the sister group of a clade that comprises all other taxa. Cinchoneae and ... To accommodate this species and a morphologically closely similar one, a new genus, Ciliosemina A. Antonelli, is proposed and ...
The similarity in the flowers isnt surprising; cardoons and artichokes are in the same genus, cynara.) Ms. Brodowski told me ... Joining a Tribe. Order Reprints, Todays Paper,Subscribe ... Taking a Class, Joining a Tribe. In the Garden By ANNE RAVER ...
Tribe: Plethodontini. *Genus: Plethodon. *Species: Plethodon shenandoah. Introduction. The Shenandoah Salamander is an ... All members of the genus Plethodon are terrestrial and they are usually found in forested areas. Forest cover is important in ...
Tribes And Genera. § Plants bulbous at the base, or with a thick, woody caudex. (*) ... Genera 147, species 1200. chiefly natives of temperate regions. Tun flowers of most are beautiful, of many brilliant, and of ... The Tribe Uvulariae is intermediate between Liliaceae and Melanthaceae, approaching the latter by its mostly extrose anthers, ... Tribe TULIPEae. Perianth 6-leaved. Fruit a capsule. Seed-coat soft and pale.) ...
Tribes And Genera. § Spikelet 1-flowered with no apparent rudiment of a second fl. (2) ... Genera 300, species about 3S00, universally diffused throughout the world, baring no other limits than those that bound ...
Tribe. Satyrini. Genus. Melanargia. Species. Melanargia galathea. Taxon author. Carl Linnaeus, 1758 ...
Tribe. Hibisceae. Genus. Hibiscus. Species. Hibiscus syriacus. Authority control. Q157756. National Diet Library ID: 00576888. ...
Molecular systematics of Lilium and allied genera (Liliaceae) : phylogenetic relationships among Lilium and related genera ... Chromosome diversity and evolution in tribe Lilieae (Liliaceae) with emphasis on Chinese species * * Gao Yun-Dong GAO Yun-Dong ... Karyotype of four genera in Liliaceae (s. str.) from Hengduan Mountains of Southwest China GAO YD ... Karyotype analysis in some genera of Compositae. VIII. Further studies on the chromosome of Aster HUZIWARA Y ...
Phylogenetics of Plantaginaceae Tribe Gratioleae and the Genus Gratiola This study evaluates the evolutionary relationships of ... Revision of Gratiola (Plantaginaceae) : A Genus of 35 Wetland Species With a Temperate Worldwide Distribution This study ... 35 species of the plant genus Gratiola using non-coding chloroplast DNA sequences and morphology and provides hypotheses ... what botanists were considering two species in the shrub genus Viburnum. Populations in the Ozarks and Ouachita Mountains of ...
  • Phylogenetic analyses of the genera and subgenera of the tribe Xylocopini (Large Carpenter Bees) were made using morphological characters coded for 51 species of the ingroup. (ku.edu)
  • Muntiacus is placed under Cervinae by en.wikipedia & ITIS & Mammal Species of the World (2005) and under Muntiacinae by Wikispecies . (wikimedia.org)
  • The type species (lectotype) of the genus Lithophyllum is Lithophyllum incrustans Philippi . (algaebase.org)
  • The type species (holotype) of the genus Polysiphonia is Polysiphonia urceolata (Lightfoot ex Dillwyn) Greville . (algaebase.org)
  • The type species (holotype) of the genus Phycodrys is Phycodrys sinuosa (Goodenough & Woodward) Kützing . (algaebase.org)
  • The type species (holotype) of the genus Zonaria is Zonaria flava C.Agardh . (algaebase.org)
  • This is the type species (holotype) of the genus Spatoglossum . (algaebase.org)
  • The species of the genera Hydnobius Schmidt, 1841 and Leiodes Latreille, 1797 in Japan and the North Chishima Islands (= North Kuril Islands) are revised. (nm.cz)
  • Classification of the Geometrina of North America, with descriptions of new genera and species. (bugguide.net)
  • Dictionary of natural history terms with their derivations, including the various orders, genera, and species. (bugguide.net)
  • Review of the genus Haimbachia (Dyar) with descriptions of new species (Lepidoptera, Crambidae). (bugguide.net)
  • Nuclear content estimates suggest a synapomorphy between Dictyota and six genera of the Dictyotales (Phaeophyceae). (algaebase.org)
  • Family- and genus-group synonyms are not included. (nhm.ac.uk)
  • Review pf the tribes Sogdini and Leiodini from Japan and North Chishima Islands. (nm.cz)
  • Úvod Periodické publikace Acta Entomologica Musei Nationalis Pragae 2012/52/sppl1 Review pf the tribes Sogdini and Leiodini from Japan and North Chishima Islands. (nm.cz)