Immunization, Passive: Transfer of immunity from immunized to non-immune host by administration of serum antibodies, or transplantation of lymphocytes (ADOPTIVE TRANSFER).Immunity: Nonsusceptibility to the invasive or pathogenic effects of foreign microorganisms or to the toxic effect of antigenic substances.Immunity, Innate: The capacity of a normal organism to remain unaffected by microorganisms and their toxins. It results from the presence of naturally occurring ANTI-INFECTIVE AGENTS, constitutional factors such as BODY TEMPERATURE and immediate acting immune cells such as NATURAL KILLER CELLS.Immunity, Cellular: Manifestations of the immune response which are mediated by antigen-sensitized T-lymphocytes via lymphokines or direct cytotoxicity. This takes place in the absence of circulating antibody or where antibody plays a subordinate role.Gene Transfer Techniques: The introduction of functional (usually cloned) GENES into cells. A variety of techniques and naturally occurring processes are used for the gene transfer such as cell hybridization, LIPOSOMES or microcell-mediated gene transfer, ELECTROPORATION, chromosome-mediated gene transfer, TRANSFECTION, and GENETIC TRANSDUCTION. Gene transfer may result in genetically transformed cells and individual organisms.Adaptive Immunity: Protection from an infectious disease agent that is mediated by B- and T- LYMPHOCYTES following exposure to specific antigen, and characterized by IMMUNOLOGIC MEMORY. It can result from either previous infection with that agent or vaccination (IMMUNITY, ACTIVE), or transfer of antibody or lymphocytes from an immune donor (IMMUNIZATION, PASSIVE).Gene Transfer, Horizontal: The naturally occurring transmission of genetic information between organisms, related or unrelated, circumventing parent-to-offspring transmission. Horizontal gene transfer may occur via a variety of naturally occurring processes such as GENETIC CONJUGATION; GENETIC TRANSDUCTION; and TRANSFECTION. It may result in a change of the recipient organism's genetic composition (TRANSFORMATION, GENETIC).Embryo Transfer: The transfer of mammalian embryos from an in vivo or in vitro environment to a suitable host to improve pregnancy or gestational outcome in human or animal. In human fertility treatment programs, preimplantation embryos ranging from the 4-cell stage to the blastocyst stage are transferred to the uterine cavity between 3-5 days after FERTILIZATION IN VITRO.Immunity, Mucosal: Nonsusceptibility to the pathogenic effects of foreign microorganisms or antigenic substances as a result of antibody secretions of the mucous membranes. Mucosal epithelia in the gastrointestinal, respiratory, and reproductive tracts produce a form of IgA (IMMUNOGLOBULIN A, SECRETORY) that serves to protect these ports of entry into the body.Immunity, Humoral: Antibody-mediated immune response. Humoral immunity is brought about by ANTIBODY FORMATION, resulting from TH2 CELLS activating B-LYMPHOCYTES, followed by COMPLEMENT ACTIVATION.Plant Immunity: The inherent or induced capacity of plants to withstand or ward off biological attack by pathogens.Immunity, Maternally-Acquired: Resistance to a disease-causing agent induced by the introduction of maternal immunity into the fetus by transplacental transfer or into the neonate through colostrum and milk.Adoptive Transfer: Form of passive immunization where previously sensitized immunologic agents (cells or serum) are transferred to non-immune recipients. When transfer of cells is used as a therapy for the treatment of neoplasms, it is called adoptive immunotherapy (IMMUNOTHERAPY, ADOPTIVE).Milk, HumanBreast Feeding: The nursing of an infant at the breast.Nursing, Team: Coordination of nursing services by various nursing care personnel under the leadership of a professional nurse. The team may consist of a professional nurse, nurses' aides, and the practical nurse.Infectious Disease Transmission, Vertical: The transmission of infectious disease or pathogens from one generation to another. It includes transmission in utero or intrapartum by exposure to blood and secretions, and postpartum exposure via breastfeeding.Patient Care Team: Care of patients by a multidisciplinary team usually organized under the leadership of a physician; each member of the team has specific responsibilities and the whole team contributes to the care of the patient.Infant, Newborn: An infant during the first month after birth.Hantavirus Infections: Infections with viruses of the genus HANTAVIRUS. This is associated with at least four clinical syndromes: HEMORRHAGIC FEVER WITH RENAL SYNDROME caused by viruses of the Hantaan group; a milder form of HFRS caused by SEOUL VIRUS; nephropathia epidemica caused by PUUMALA VIRUS; and HANTAVIRUS PULMONARY SYNDROME caused by SIN NOMBRE VIRUS.Hantavirus: A genus of the family BUNYAVIRIDAE causing HANTAVIRUS INFECTIONS, first identified during the Korean war. Infection is found primarily in rodents and humans. Transmission does not appear to involve arthropods. HANTAAN VIRUS is the type species.Hantavirus Pulmonary Syndrome: Acute respiratory illness in humans caused by the Muerto Canyon virus whose primary rodent reservoir is the deer mouse Peromyscus maniculatus. First identified in the southwestern United States, this syndrome is characterized most commonly by fever, myalgias, headache, cough, and rapid respiratory failure.Puumala virus: A species of HANTAVIRUS causing nephropathia epidemica, a mild form of HEMORRHAGIC FEVER WITH RENAL SYNDROME. It is found in most of Europe and especially in Finland, along with its carrier rodent, the bank vole (Clethrionomys glareolus).Hemorrhagic Fever with Renal Syndrome: An acute febrile disease occurring predominately in Asia. It is characterized by fever, prostration, vomiting, hemorrhagic phenonema, shock, and renal failure. It is caused by any one of several closely related species of the genus Hantavirus. The most severe form is caused by HANTAAN VIRUS whose natural host is the rodent Apodemus agrarius. Milder forms are caused by SEOUL VIRUS and transmitted by the rodents Rattus rattus and R. norvegicus, and the PUUMALA VIRUS with transmission by Clethrionomys galreolus.Hantaan virus: The type species of the genus HANTAVIRUS infecting the rodent Apodemus agrarius and humans who come in contact with it. It causes syndromes of hemorrhagic fever associated with vascular and especially renal pathology.Seoul virus: A species of HANTAVIRUS causing a less severe form of HEMORRHAGIC FEVER WITH RENAL SYNDROME in Asia (primarily Korea and Japan). It is transmitted by rats, especially Rattus rattus and R. norvegicus.Passeriformes: A widely distributed order of perching BIRDS, including more than half of all bird species.Egg Yolk: Cytoplasm stored in an egg that contains nutritional reserves for the developing embryo. It is rich in polysaccharides, lipids, and proteins.Nesting Behavior: Animal behavior associated with the nest; includes construction, effects of size and material; behavior of the adult during the nesting period and the effect of the nest on the behavior of the young.Birds: Warm-blooded VERTEBRATES possessing FEATHERS and belonging to the class Aves.Songbirds: PASSERIFORMES of the suborder, Oscines, in which the flexor tendons of the toes are separate, and the lower syrinx has 4 to 9 pairs of tensor muscles inserted at both ends of the tracheal half rings. They include many commonly recognized birds such as CROWS; FINCHES; robins; SPARROWS; and SWALLOWS.Immunoglobulin G: The major immunoglobulin isotype class in normal human serum. There are several isotype subclasses of IgG, for example, IgG1, IgG2A, and IgG2B.Yolk Sac: The first of four extra-embryonic membranes to form during EMBRYOGENESIS. In REPTILES and BIRDS, it arises from endoderm and mesoderm to incorporate the EGG YOLK into the DIGESTIVE TRACT for nourishing the embryo. In placental MAMMALS, its nutritional function is vestigial; however, it is the source of INTESTINAL MUCOSA; BLOOD CELLS; and GERM CELLS. It is sometimes called the vitelline sac, which should not be confused with the VITELLINE MEMBRANE of the egg.Histocompatibility Antigens Class I: Membrane glycoproteins consisting of an alpha subunit and a BETA 2-MICROGLOBULIN beta subunit. In humans, highly polymorphic genes on CHROMOSOME 6 encode the alpha subunits of class I antigens and play an important role in determining the serological specificity of the surface antigen. Class I antigens are found on most nucleated cells and are generally detected by their reactivity with alloantisera. These antigens are recognized during GRAFT REJECTION and restrict cell-mediated lysis of virus-infected cells.Immunotherapy, Adoptive: Form of adoptive transfer where cells with antitumor activity are transferred to the tumor-bearing host in order to mediate tumor regression. The lymphoid cells commonly used are lymphokine-activated killer (LAK) cells and tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes (TIL). This is usually considered a form of passive immunotherapy. (From DeVita, et al., Cancer, 1993, pp.305-7, 314)Vidarabine: A nucleoside antibiotic isolated from Streptomyces antibioticus. It has some antineoplastic properties and has broad spectrum activity against DNA viruses in cell cultures and significant antiviral activity against infections caused by a variety of viruses such as the herpes viruses, the VACCINIA VIRUS and varicella zoster virus.T-Lymphocytes, Regulatory: CD4-positive T cells that inhibit immunopathology or autoimmune disease in vivo. They inhibit the immune response by influencing the activity of other cell types. Regulatory T-cells include naturally occurring CD4+CD25+ cells, IL-10 secreting Tr1 cells, and Th3 cells.Mice, Inbred C57BLWhole-Body Irradiation: Irradiation of the whole body with ionizing or non-ionizing radiation. It is applicable to humans or animals but not to microorganisms.Dendritic Cells: Specialized cells of the hematopoietic system that have branch-like extensions. They are found throughout the lymphatic system, and in non-lymphoid tissues such as SKIN and the epithelia of the intestinal, respiratory, and reproductive tracts. They trap and process ANTIGENS, and present them to T-CELLS, thereby stimulating CELL-MEDIATED IMMUNITY. They are different from the non-hematopoietic FOLLICULAR DENDRITIC CELLS, which have a similar morphology and immune system function, but with respect to humoral immunity (ANTIBODY PRODUCTION).HIV-1: The type species of LENTIVIRUS and the etiologic agent of AIDS. It is characterized by its cytopathic effect and affinity for the T4-lymphocyte.AIDS Vaccines: Vaccines or candidate vaccines containing inactivated HIV or some of its component antigens and designed to prevent or treat AIDS. Some vaccines containing antigens are recombinantly produced.HIV Infections: Includes the spectrum of human immunodeficiency virus infections that range from asymptomatic seropositivity, thru AIDS-related complex (ARC), to acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS).Vaccines: Suspensions of killed or attenuated microorganisms (bacteria, viruses, fungi, protozoa), antigenic proteins, synthetic constructs, or other bio-molecular derivatives, administered for the prevention, amelioration, or treatment of infectious and other diseases.Viral Vaccines: Suspensions of attenuated or killed viruses administered for the prevention or treatment of infectious viral disease.Vaccines, Synthetic: Small synthetic peptides that mimic surface antigens of pathogens and are immunogenic, or vaccines manufactured with the aid of recombinant DNA techniques. The latter vaccines may also be whole viruses whose nucleic acids have been modified.Tick Infestations: Infestations with soft-bodied (Argasidae) or hard-bodied (Ixodidae) ticks.Acari: A large, subclass of arachnids comprising the MITES and TICKS, including parasites of plants, animals, and humans, as well as several important disease vectors.Rhipicephalus: A genus of TICKS, in the family IXODIDAE, widespread in Africa. Members of the genus include many important vectors of animal and human pathogens.Basophils: Granular leukocytes characterized by a relatively pale-staining, lobate nucleus and cytoplasm containing coarse dark-staining granules of variable size and stainable by basic dyes.Ticks: Blood-sucking acarid parasites of the order Ixodida comprising two families: the softbacked ticks (ARGASIDAE) and hardbacked ticks (IXODIDAE). Ticks are larger than their relatives, the MITES. They penetrate the skin of their host by means of highly specialized, hooked mouth parts and feed on its blood. Ticks attack all groups of terrestrial vertebrates. In humans they are responsible for many TICK-BORNE DISEASES, including the transmission of ROCKY MOUNTAIN SPOTTED FEVER; TULAREMIA; BABESIOSIS; AFRICAN SWINE FEVER; and RELAPSING FEVER. (From Barnes, Invertebrate Zoology, 5th ed, pp543-44)CD4-Positive T-Lymphocytes: A critical subpopulation of T-lymphocytes involved in the induction of most immunological functions. The HIV virus has selective tropism for the T4 cell which expresses the CD4 phenotypic marker, a receptor for HIV. In fact, the key element in the profound immunosuppression seen in HIV infection is the depletion of this subset of T-lymphocytes.
Promi Big Brother (season 5)
The DNA from this gel was then transferred to nitrocellulose paper and incubated with probes specific for speA. An image of ... Wagner PL, Waldor MK (2002). "Bacteriophage control of bacterial virulence". Infection and Immunity. 70 (8): 3985-93. doi: ... In 1980, Johnson, Schlievert and Watson were able to confirm this and show that the gene for speA production was transferred ... Johnson, LP; Schlievert, PM; Watson, DW (April 1980). "Transfer of group A streptococcal pyrogenic exotoxin production to ...
In medicine, protective passive immunity can also be transferred artificially from one individual to another via antibody-rich ... It originates from medicine and early studies on the causes of immunity to disease. The earliest known reference to immunity ... theories of immunity. According to the cellular theory of immunity, represented in particular by Elie Metchnikoff, it was cells ... or humoral immunity versus cell-mediated immunity. In humans, the blood-brain barrier, blood-cerebrospinal fluid barrier, and ...
Eventually, when host immunity develops, the virus persists by turning off most (or possibly all) of its genes, only ... Infection with EBV occurs by the oral transfer of saliva and genital secretions. Most people become infected with EBV and gain ... Given the initial absence of host immunity, the lytic cycle produces large amounts of virus to infect other (presumably) B- ... adaptive immunity. In the United States, about half of all five-year-old children and about 90 percent of adults have evidence ...
Survivor Philippines: Celebrity Doubles Showdown
Temptation Reward: Immunity bracelet for each member of the pair. Temptation Consequence: If accepted, one member must transfer ... C4 KC, Betong and Stef obtained their immunity from a bribe during the Immunity Challenge. ^C5 Maey won immunity, but gave it ... The first two pairs to have the immunity bracelets wins the Reward Challenge. Reward: Immunity bracelet Tribal Reward/Immunity ... Day 32: At the Immunity Challenge, on their second knot, Maey fell first. Then, Richard called out to transfer to the third ...
Hepatitis B immune globulin
Secret Story 4 (Portugal)
There, in order to win immunity, Érica had to transfer all Joana's prize money to Diana's account. She accepted, and won ... Note 2 : Luís won immunity after completing his mission. As he is already immune, he had to give his immunity. He gave it to ... He decided to not win immunity, however, "A Voz" decided to keep Tierry's immunity. ^Note 14 : The first round was face-to-face ... Bernardina found it, and "A Voz" informed that she won immunity. That immunity was not used in the nominations of Week 6, ...
Experiments in immunology
2009). "Adoptive transfer of virus-specific and tumor-specific T cell immunity." Current Opinion in Immunology 21(2): 224-232. ... For example, adoptive transfer is used to study the effects of lymphocytes in the absence of other lymphoid cells. Ionizing ... The body is thus prepared for restoration of immune function by adoptive transfer of new lymphocytes. Another method is ... hematopoietic stem-cell transfer, used for studying lymphocyte development. Hematopoietic cells are killed by ionizing ...
They receive no passive transfer of immunity via the placenta before birth, so any antibodies that they need have to be ... At first thought to actually transfer immunity from one immune system to another, it now appears that PRPs simply stimulate ... doi:10.1016/0958-6946(95)00072-0. Quigley, J. D.; III; Drewry, J. J. (1998). "Nutrient and immunity transfer from cow to calf ... Sawyer, M.; Willadsen, C. H.; Osburn, B. I.; McGuire, T. C. (1977). "Passive transfer of colostral immunoglobulins from ewe to ...
However, evidence of horizontal genetic transfer has also been reported. The first pivotal step in infectious pathogenesis is ... equisimilis inhibits the antimicrobial peptide LL-37". Infection and Immunity. 82 (6): 2337-2344. doi:10.1128/IAI.01411-13. ... McNeilly, Celia L.; McMillan, David J. (2014-01-01). "Horizontal gene transfer and recombination in Streptococcus dysgalactiae ... Infection and Immunity. 55 (3): 753-757. ISSN 0019-9567. PMC 260406 . PMID 3102380. Kline, J. B.; Xu, S.; Bisno, A. L.; Collins ...
1998). "Human diversity in killer cell inhibitory receptor genes". Immunity. 7 (6): 753-63. doi:10.1016/S1074-7613(00)80394-5. ... "Killer cell inhibitory receptors specific for HLA-C and HLA-B identified by direct binding and by functional transfer". ... Immunity. 2 (5): 439-49. doi:10.1016/1074-7613(95)90025-X. PMID 7749980. Döhring C, Scheidegger D, Samaridis J, et al. (1996 ... Immunity. 3 (6): 801-9. doi:10.1016/1074-7613(95)90069-1. PMID 8777725. Uhrberg M, Valiante NM, Shum BP, et al. ( ...
1998). "Human diversity in killer cell inhibitory receptor genes". Immunity. 7 (6): 753-63. doi:10.1016/S1074-7613(00)80394-5. ... "Killer cell inhibitory receptors specific for HLA-C and HLA-B identified by direct binding and by functional transfer". ... Immunity. 3 (6): 801-9. doi:10.1016/1074-7613(95)90069-1. PMID 8777725. Valiante NM, Uhrberg M, Shilling HG, et al. (1998). " ... Immunity. 2 (5): 439-49. doi:10.1016/1074-7613(95)90025-X. PMID 7749980. "Entrez Gene: KIR3DL1 killer cell immunoglobulin-like ...
Mannan oligosaccharide-based nutritional supplements
The transfer of immunity from the cow to the calves is critical in order to protect the calf from many different diseases. ... "Immune Parameters of Dry Cows Fed Mannan Oligosaccharide and Subsequent Transfer of Immunity to Calves". Journal of Dairy ... These findings indicate an improvement in immunity that, in turn, gives rise to increased protection against intestinal ... Infection and Immunity. 55 (2): 472-6. PMC 260353 . PMID 3542836. Newman, K.; Jacques, K. A.; Buede, R. (1993). "Effect of ...
Restoration of immunity in lymphopenic individuals with cancer by vaccination and adoptive T-cell transfer. Nat Med 2005;11(11 ... CpG-base vaccine to induce anti-tumor immunity and demonstrated that this immunity was enhanced 10-40 fold by immunotransplant ... T-cell mediated immunity, by contrast, has the potential to recognize targets expressed either extra- or intra-cellularly and ... Adoptive cell transfer therapy following non-myeloablative but lymphodepleting chemotherapy for the treatment of patients with ...
A 2014 audit of 2001 showed illegal transfers from other departments to the military. When his political immunity was revoked ... His government has been tainted by accusations of theft, money laundering, money transferring to the army, creation of bank ... Portillo was accused of authorizing $15 million in transfers to the Guatemalan defense department, where authorities believe ... and thus regain his immunity from prosecution). In January 2010, reports stated that the U.S. government was looking for ...
Memory T cell
In preclinical studies, adoptively transferred TSCM confer superior immunity compared with other T memory subsets. Whether such ... These cells are thought to play a major role in protective immunity against pathogens. Dysfunctional TRM cells have been ... July 2005). "Central memory self/tumor-reactive CD8+ T cells confer superior antitumor immunity compared with effector memory T ... March 2003). "Lineage relationship and protective immunity of memory CD8 T cell subsets". Nature Immunology. 4 (3): 225-234. ...
History of smallpox
He deduced that cowpox was most likely to transfer immunity from smallpox if administered at the eighth day of the disease. On ... He was variolated many more times over the course of his life to prove his immunity. When the next cowpox epidemic broke out in ... This epidemic is a classic instance of European immunity and non-European vulnerability. It is probable that the Indians ... Knowledge of the ability of cowpox to provide immunity from smallpox was present in England before Jenner's discovery. In 1774 ...
The genetic elements of a bacteriophage is transferred from one bacterium to another through the process of transduction. The ... This is known as superinfection immunity. T even bacteriophages are genetically related. The genetic diversity of bacteriophage ... Whereas, in specialized transduction, only the genes that are adjacent to the prophage are transferred. Bacteriophage genomes ... Previously mentioned, bacterial genes can be transferred in generalized transduction. ...
Central Virginia Community College v. Katz
547 to recover those transfers. The state raised sovereign immunity as a defense. In an opinion by Justice Stevens, the Court ... In England, sovereign immunity referred to the concept that the king could not be sued without his consent. Beginning with Hans ... The dissenters would have followed the view that nothing in Article I abrogates state sovereign immunity. The Supreme Court, ... It noted that in 1800, when concerns for state sovereign immunity ran fervent, Congress, with no recorded objection, gave ...
United States v. Lee (1882)
But did sovereign immunity bar any challenge to the government's title, once title had been transferred? Justice Miller engaged ... 76:113 (June 2001). Williams, Glenn T. "Temporary Immunity: Distinguishing Case Law Opinions on Executive Immunity and ... and the title transfer was recorded on May 14, 1883. United States v. Lee is one of three important federal sovereign immunity ... Were there other grounds for a suit other than transfer of title in error, and 2) whether the tax sale had actually transferred ...
2006 interim constitution of Thailand
11) grants immunity for remarks made on the floor (Art.13) allows the Chairman of the Council for National Security (the junta ... 34) transfers the authority and jurisdiction of the Constitutional Court (under the 1997 Constitution) to a Constitutional ... 36) grants complete immunity for all actions to seize power committed by the CDRM (Art.37). empowers the chairman of the ... All cases pending of the Constitutional Court are transferred to the Constitutional Tribunal (Art. 35) endorses all previous ...
Ernest Hanbury Hankin
He took their serum and injected them in rats to demonstrate how the immunity could be transferred. Hankin started the practice ... 1889) "Immunity produced by an Albumose isolated from Anthrax cultures", BMJ ii: 810. (1890) "Report on the Conflict between ... 1891) "On Immunity (read before the Congress of Hygiene and Demography, London, August 1891", Lancet ii: 339. (1892) "Remarks ... Subscription required (help)). Hankin, E. H. (1889). "Immunity produced by an Albumose isolated from Anthrax cultures". British ...
A stronger and more specific response in plants is that of effector-triggered immunity (ETI). ETI is dependent upon the ... Genetic transformation of A. thaliana is routine, utilizing Agrobacterium tumefaciens to transfer DNA into the plant genome. ... Zhang, J; Zhou JM (3 September 2010). "Plant immunity triggered by microbial molecular signatures". Mol Plant. 3 (5): 783-93. ... "Interfamily transfer of a plant pattern-recognition receptor confers broad-spectrum bacterial resistance". Nat Biotechnol. 28 ( ...
Infectious bursal disease
Passive immunity may protect against challenge with homologous IBDV, as does previous infection with homologous avirulent ... Breeder flocks may be immunised against IBD so that they would transfer protective antibodies to their progenies, such as ... Mortality rates vary with virulence of the strain involved, the challenge dose, previous immunity, presence of concurrent ...
Prison Break (season 4)
Mahone escapes the transfer car and Lang stops him; but he convinces her to let him leave. Sucre departs and Krantz forces ... Mahone meets FBI agents Lang and Wheeler, who can grant the team immunity in exchange for Scylla. The latter arrests the former ... She finds out about the transfer. The team finds a water pipe blocking their way and manages to get across it, but at the cost ... The team gives Scylla to Self, who gives them a package containing their transfer papers and tells them to wait for the ...
Section 44 of the Constitution of Australia
فهرست یهودیان برنده جایزه نوبل - ویکیپدیا، دانشنامهٔ آزاد
Artificial induction of immunity
... has experienced temporarily induced immunity by transfer of homologous antibodies from its mother across the placenta, giving ... Artificial induction of immunity is the artificial induction of immunity to specific diseases - making people immune to disease ... and injecting this serum into the person for whom immunity is desired. This is known as passive immunity, and the serum that is ... Immunity against infections that can cause serious illness is generally beneficial. Since Pasteur provided support for a germ ...
Sovereign immunityEdit. The World Bank requires sovereign immunity from countries it deals with. Sovereign immunity ... and encouraging a slower change to policies such as transfer of subsidies and price rises.:70 In 1999, the World Bank and ... It is proposed that this immunity from responsibility is a "shield which The World Bank wants to resort to, for escaping ... World Bank (2007). Sovereign Immunity (PDF) (Report). World Bank Group. Retrieved 20 August 2012.. ...
The presence of 20S proteasomes in bacteria may result from lateral gene transfer, while the diversification of subunits among ... "Antibodies mediate intracellular immunity through tripartite motif-containing 21 (TRIM21)". Proceedings of the National ... recognizes the specific protein to be ubiquitinated and catalyzes the transfer of ubiquitin from E2 to this target protein. A ...
Rekayasa genetika bahasa Indonesia, ensiklopedia bebas
Erinevus lehekülje "Transformatsioon (geneetika)" redaktsioonide vahel - Vikipeedia
These sudden large changes allow the virus to infect new host species and quickly overcome protective immunity. This is ... Influenza infects many animal species, and transfer of viral strains between species can occur. Birds are thought to be the ... However, influenza B mutates enough that lasting immunity is not possible. This reduced rate of antigenic change, combined ... An alternative hypothesis to explain seasonality in influenza infections is an effect of vitamin D levels on immunity to the ...
It provides a large source of air that is used not only for gaseous exchange, but also for the transfer of heat by evaporation. ... Concerning immunological adaptation, it was discovered that wild common ostriches have a pronounced non specific immunity ... The ophthalmic rete is analogous to the carotid rete found in mammals, as it also facilitates transfer of heat from arterial ... with little net transfer of K+ and Cl-. The lower colon then slightly absorbs Na+ and water, and secretes K+. There is no ...
Charles I of England
The timing of the process of rights transfer is in itself problematic for several reasons. Firstly, copyright transfer usually ... "Infection and Immunity. 79 (10): 3855-3859. doi:10.1128/IAI.05661-11. PMC 3187237. PMID 21825063.. ... It remains unclear if such copyright transfer is generally permissible. Research funders or institutes, public museums or ... While one argument of publishers in favor of copyright transfer might be that it enables them to defend authors against any ...
Transfer of stock, see Corporations, Taxation; Transfer tax, see Taxation; Trust companies, see Banks and Banking, Corporations ... Charitable Immunity, Sovereign Immunity, No-Fault Insurance, Uniform Contribution Among Tortfeasors Act (Revised)); Declaratory ... Transfer of Stock, Uniform Simplification of Fiduciary Security Transfers Act[adopted], Stock Transfer Tax, Stockholders ... Funds Transfer; 1989 Official Text of Repealer of Article 6 and [Revised] Article 6; 1990 Amendment of Article 2A - Leases; ...
Another fragmentary example of a "donation stele", in which the Old Kingdom pharaoh Pepi II grants tax immunity to the priests ... Eventually an agreement was reached, and the transfer of the objects was incorporated into the Capitulation of Alexandria ... had resulted in the transfer of Coele-Syria, including Judaea, from the Ptolemies to the Seleucids. Meanwhile, in the south of ...
U.K. Embassy interlocutors here are planning for a scenario in which the U.K.-Libya Prisoner Transfer Agreement is ratified in ... Abu Talb was given lifelong immunity from prosecution in exchange for his evidence at the Lockerbie trial; Marwan Khreesat was ... BP confirmed that it did press for a Prisoner Transfer Agreement as it was aware that a delay might have "negative consequences ... Referring to the Prisoner Transfer Agreement (PTA), he continued, "People should not get angry because we were talking about ...
Television licensing in the United Kingdom
Thus, the Crown is not subject to the TV Licensing regime." Prison authorities can assert for Crown immunity to allow ... BACS electronic transfer. Annual payments for renewal licences only.. A Post Office in Guernsey. Unlike in the UK, TV Licences ... Crown immunity. According to the BBC: "neither the Communications Act 2003 nor the Communications (Television Licensing) ...
The gene encoding the cholera toxin was introduced into V. cholerae by horizontal gene transfer. Virulent strains of V. ... Persons with lowered immunity, such as persons with AIDS or malnourished children, are more likely to experience a severe case ... herd immunity results, with a decrease in the amount of contamination in the environment. ...
This may distend like a balloon and acts as a resonator, helping to transfer the sound to the atmosphere, or the water at times ... the snakes have developed immunity through genetic changes and they feed on the amphibians with impunity. Coevolution ... Courtship rituals and methods of transfer of the spermatophore vary between species. In some, the spermatophore may be placed ... occurs with the newt increasing its toxic capabilities at the same rate as the snake further develops its immunity. Some ...
Quigley, J. D.; III; Drewry, J. J. (1998). "Nutrient and immunity transfer from cow to calf pre- and post-calving". J. Dairy ... They receive no passive transfer of immunity via the placenta before birth, so any antibodies that they need have to be ... At first thought to actually transfer immunity from one immune system to another, it now appears that PRPs simply stimulate ... Levin AS, Spitler, Fudenberg (1975). "Transfer factor I: methods of therapy". Birth Defects Orig. Artic. Ser. 11 (1): 445-8. ...
ImmunityEdit. RNA interference is a vital part of the immune response to viruses and other foreign genetic material, especially ... In plants, RNAi is thought to propagate by the transfer of siRNAs between cells through plasmodesmata (channels in the cell ... In both juvenile and adult Drosophila, RNA interference is important in antiviral innate immunity and is active against ... Cullen BR (June 2006). "Is RNA interference involved in intrinsic antiviral immunity in mammals?". Nature Immunology. 7 (6): ...
This behavior is seen in butterfly species such as Heliconius melpomene, where males transfer a compound that causes the female ... This is because the ability to produce and release the bacteriocin is linked to an immunity to it. Therefore, close relatives ... Evans, Howard E. (1973). "Burrow sharing and nest transfer in the digger wasp Philanthus gibbosus (Fabricius)". Animal ... they must be a quality of the receiver that can transfer information to a receiver that is capable of interpreting the signal ...
Antonio López de Santa Anna
United States labor law
Transfer of employees. *Howard Johnson Co v Detroit Local Joint Executive Board, 417 US 249 (1974) 8 to 1, no duty to bargain ... "sovereign immunity" existed in the Eleventh Amendment. Twenty-eight states, however, did have minimum wage laws higher ... US Airways Inc v Barnett 535 US 391 (2002) bad back, request for transfer against seniority system. Breyer J saying that ( ... 29 USC §2614(b). Under 29 USC §2612(b)(2) employers may transfer employees to another position with similar pay and benefits if ...
Induction of Immunity to Prostate Cancer Antigens: Results of a Clinical Trial of Vaccination with Irradiated Autologous...
Retroviral transfer of GM-CSF cDNA to permit high level secretion of GM-CSF was not limiting. Nonetheless, with limited numbers ... Induction of Immunity to Prostate Cancer Antigens: Results of a Clinical Trial of Vaccination with Irradiated Autologous ... Induction of Immunity to Prostate Cancer Antigens: Results of a Clinical Trial of Vaccination with Irradiated Autologous ... Induction of Immunity to Prostate Cancer Antigens: Results of a Clinical Trial of Vaccination with Irradiated Autologous ...
Analysis of Power Transfer Efficiency of Standard Integrated Circuit Immunity Test Methods
... Hai Au Huynh,1 Hak-Tae Lee,2 Wansoo ... In this paper, the power transfer efficiencies of DPI and BCI methods are derived and validated experimentally with immunity ... Power transfer efficiency varies significantly over the frequency range as a function of the test method used and the IC input ... For the frequency range of 15 kHz to 1 GHz, power transfer efficiency of the BCI test was constantly higher than that of the ...
Scientists Reveal How Breastfeeding Transfers Immunity to Babies
... ability to pass along immunity to intestinal infections to their babies through breast milk. ... A molecule that is key to mothers ability to pass along immunity to intestinal infections to their babies through breast milk ... Diabetes patients have reduced immunity, which makes them more susceptible to skin infections like boils. These can be easily ... the antibodies go straight to his intestine and offer protection while he builds up his own immunity. Until now, scientists did ...
Protection against hantavirus infection by dam's immunity transferred vertically to neonates | SpringerLink
... vertically transferred to rat neonates prevented lethal as well as persistent infection. When relatively high titer viruses ... Dohmae K, Koshimizu U, Nishimune Y (1993) In utero and mammary transfer of hantavirus antibody from dams to infant rats. Lab ... Antibodies to hantavirus, Seoul type B-1 strain, vertically transferred to rat neonates prevented lethal as well as persistent ...
Passive transfer of local immunity to influenza virus infection by IgA antibody. | The Journal of Immunology
Classically, passive transfer of antibody has been used to demonstrate causality, but the passive transfer of local immunity ... Passive transfer of local immunity to influenza virus infection by IgA antibody.. K B Renegar and P A Small Jr ... These data demonstrate the passive transfer of local immunity by the i.v. administration of pIgA antibody and show that the IgA ... Passive transfer of local immunity to influenza virus infection by IgA antibody. ...
British Library EThOS: Perinatal studies in Equidae with special reference to passive transfer of immunity.
Perinatal studies in Equidae with special reference to passive transfer of immunity. ... The development of active immunity began within the first month of life. Autogenous y globulin was detected after two weeks in ... The mechanism of absorption of colostral proteins was by uptake into the epithelial cells of the small intestine and transfer ... The duration of demonstreble passive immunity did not extend for more than four months of life. ...
Preliminary studies of artificial immunization of rats against Plasmodium berghei and adoptive transfer of this immunity by...
Adoptive transfer of immunity to Listeria monocytogenes. The influence of in vitro stimulation on lymphocyte subset...
Cell recipients lose immunity as early as 72 hr after transfer, and recipients express no detectable immunity after 1 wk. This ... In addition, this elevated level of adoptively transferred immunity remains constant for at least 8 wk. Transfer of this ... This immunity can be passively transferred to naive recipients with maximal protection conferred by spleen cells obtained from ... Adoptive transfer of immunity to Listeria monocytogenes. The influence of in vitro stimulation on lymphocyte subset ...
In Vitro Transfer of Cellular Immunity against Nasopharyngeal Carcinoma Using Transfer Factor from Donors with Epstein-Barr...
In Vitro Transfer of Cellular Immunity against Nasopharyngeal Carcinoma Using Transfer Factor from Donors with Epstein-Barr ... In Vitro Transfer of Cellular Immunity against Nasopharyngeal Carcinoma Using Transfer Factor from Donors with Epstein-Barr ... In Vitro Transfer of Cellular Immunity against Nasopharyngeal Carcinoma Using Transfer Factor from Donors with Epstein-Barr ... In Vitro Transfer of Cellular Immunity against Nasopharyngeal Carcinoma Using Transfer Factor from Donors with Epstein-Barr ...
Global Research Team Discovers How Plant Immunity is Transferred- Crop Biotech Update (March 27, 2019) | ISAAA.org
Global Research Team Discovers How Plant Immunity is Transferred. *European Parliament Report Says EU Missing Out Great ... Global Research Team Discovers How Plant Immunity is Transferred. March 27, 2019 ... This transfer of memory to their next generation via seeds is done through DNA methylation, according to Dr. Jain. He added ...
How Plants Transfer Immunity
... News Mar 21, 2019 , Original story by La Trobe University ... chromosomes capable of transferring immunity to their offspring.. The findings could lead to new ways of preventing disease in ... "One of the mechanisms for transferring this memory to their next generation via seeds is DNA methylation," Dr Jain said.. "It ...
Short range exosomal transfer of viral RNA to plamacytoid dendritic cells triggers innate immunity
Modulation of Immunity against Herpes Simplex Virus Infection via Mucosal Genetic Transfer of Plasmid DNA Encoding Chemokines |...
Modulation of Immunity against Herpes Simplex Virus Infection via Mucosal Genetic Transfer of Plasmid DNA Encoding Chemokines. ... Modulation of Immunity against Herpes Simplex Virus Infection via Mucosal Genetic Transfer of Plasmid DNA Encoding Chemokines ... Modulation of Immunity against Herpes Simplex Virus Infection via Mucosal Genetic Transfer of Plasmid DNA Encoding Chemokines ... Modulation of Immunity against Herpes Simplex Virus Infection via Mucosal Genetic Transfer of Plasmid DNA Encoding Chemokines ...
Salmonella-Containing Vacuoles Display Centrifugal Movement Associated with Cell-to-Cell Transfer in Epithelial Cells |...
Thank you for sharing this Infection and Immunity article.. NOTE: We request your email address only to inform the recipient ... Using a cell-to-cell transfer assay, we show that bacteria capable of movement to the host cell periphery at later stages of ... Using an assay similar to one used to study cell-to-cell transfer by the intracellular pathogen Listeria monocytogenes (3), we ... Salmonella-Containing Vacuoles Display Centrifugal Movement Associated with Cell-to-Cell Transfer in Epithelial Cells Jason ...
Immunity to Chlamydial Infections of the Eye V. Passive Transfer of Antitrachoma Antibodies to Owl Monkeys | Infection and...
Immunity to Chlamydial Infections of the Eye V. Passive Transfer of Antitrachoma Antibodies to Owl Monkeys. ... Immunity to Chlamydial Infections of the Eye V. Passive Transfer of Antitrachoma Antibodies to Owl Monkeys ... Immunity to Chlamydial Infections of the Eye V. Passive Transfer of Antitrachoma Antibodies to Owl Monkeys ... Immunity to Chlamydial Infections of the Eye V. Passive Transfer of Antitrachoma Antibodies to Owl Monkeys ...
Avian Immunity and Maternal Transfer - Revision Cards in University Biology
Alternatives to Transplacental Transfer - the Yolk. Immunity in the Yolk. *IgG is secreted by the avian ovarian into the ... Immunity from the Albumin to the Foetus. *IgA and IgM are transferred to the embryo by absorption of the albumin directly ... Alternatives to Transplacental Transfer - the Egg. Immunity Through the Egg. *Short duration - 1-2 weeks and generally less ... The transfer of antibodies to the embryo occurs in 2 steps: *First the antibodies are deposited in the egg yolk and the albumin ...
Allegan's Restasis Patents Invalidated by a Federal District Court Even After Transfer to Native American Tribe and Sovereign...
Sovereign immunity, however, was not argued in District Court action.. The District Court dispute is a Hatch-Waxman Act case ... transfer in an attempt to protect the patents from inter partes review at the PTAB via the tribes sovereign immunity received ... The ruling is notable because these are the same six patents Allegan just weeks ago transferred to the Saint Regis Mohawk ... Restasis Patents Invalidated by a Federal District Court Even After Transfer to Native American Tribe and Sovereign Immunity ...
Transgenerational immunity in a bird-ectoparasite system: do maternally transferred antibodies affect parasite fecundity or the...
Transgenerational immunity in a bird-ectoparasite system: do maternally transferred antibodies affect parasite fecundity or the ... Download PDF Transgenerational immunity in a bird-ectoparasite system: do maternally transferred antibodies affect parasite ... Tschirren, Barbara; Siitari, Heli; Saladin, Verena; Richner, Heinz (2009). Transgenerational immunity in a bird-ectoparasite ... Counter to expectations, we found no indication that maternally transferred yolk IgGs have direct beneficial effects on ...
Go to Efficient mother-to-child transfer of antiretroviral immunity in the context of preclinical monoclonal antibody-based...
... were observed upon breastfeeding alone and breastfeeding plus placental immunity transfer. However, placental transfer of anti- ... Efficient mother-to-child transfer of antiretroviral immunity in the context of preclinical monoclonal antibody-based ... Efficient mother-to-child transfer of antiretroviral immunity in the context of preclinical monoclonal antibody-based ... infected pups till adult age upon placental and/or breastfeeding transfer. The strongest effects, i.e., reduction in the viral ...
PASSIVE TRANSFER OF IMMUNITY TO TYPHOID BY MACROPHAGES - MySci...
How Breastfeeding Transfers Immunity To Babies
... The study highlights an amazing change that takes place in a mothers body when ... How Breastfeeding Transfers Immunity To Babies. The study highlights an amazing change that takes place in a mothers body when ... How Breastfeeding Transfers Immunity To Babies. Posted on October 27, 2008 by crunchymomma ... further investigation into the cells behind transfer of immunity in breast milk. ...
K9 Immunity & Transfer - PAWS4Health
Advanced Beta Glucan Therapy Dietary Supplement Supplement Facts: A Proprietary Blend of Immune proteins and Transfer Factors d ... is a premier health supplement intended for dogs facing serious health threats.This supplement is used along with K9 Immunity ... As of May 2010 - K9 Immunity™ is New and Improved! The new K9 Immunity™ is more than TWICE AS POTENT ! You may notice the color ... Our research team found a way to increase the potency of K9 Immunity™ by more than double what it was previously. We did this ...
Benchmarking passive transfer of immunity and growth in dairy calves - UBC Library Open Collections
1.2 Passive transfer of immunity 1.2.1 General definitions Passive transfer of immunity refers to components of the immune ... Benchmarking passive transfer of immunity and growth in dairy calves Atkinson, Dax 2016 pdf ... 2.4.2 Passive transfer of immunity Recommended best practices to prevent FPT include feeding a minimum of 4 L of high quality ... BENCHMARKING PASSIVE TRANSFER OF IMMUNITY AND GROWTH IN DAIRY CALVES by Dax Atkinson B.Sc., The University of British Columbia ...
Critical Roles of Chemoresistant Effector and Regulatory T Cells in Antitumor Immunity after Lymphodepleting Chemotherapy | The...
Tumor-specific CD4+ T cells are essential for antitumor immunity after CPA treatment. To determine whether the transfer of CD4+ ... In our model system, the transfer of CD4+ T cells is responsible for the enhancement of antitumor immunity in CPA-treated ... We and others have previously reported that the transfer of T cells into lymphopenic hosts augmented antitumor immunity (1-5, 9 ... Antitumor immunity is augmented by cytotoxic lymphodepletion therapies. Adoptively transferred naive and effector T cells ...
Immunity Cells in Blood (Innate Immunity Signal Transduction in Human Leukocytes)
Chief, Immunity, Inflammation, and Disease Laboratory and Principal Investigator Tel 984-287-4081 [email protected] ... The Innate Immunity Signal Transduction in Human Leukocytes is a research study to determine the response of immune cells from ... Technology Transfer Technology Transfer. Explore Technology Transfer *Licensing Opportunities. * Visiting NIEHS Visiting NIEHS ...
Enhance Immunity Veterinary Biological Products , Transfer Factor Medicine Powder
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Frontiers | Negative Regulation of Humoral Immunity Due to Interplay between the SLAMF1, SLAMF5, and SLAMF6 Receptors |...
In adoptive co-transfer assays, both [Slamf1+5+6]-/- B and T cells were capable of inducing enhanced antibody responses, but ... In adoptive co-transfer assays, both [Slamf1+5+6]-/- B and T cells were capable of inducing enhanced antibody responses, but ... These data suggest a suppressive synergy of SLAMF1, SLAMF5 and SLAMF6 in humoral immunity, which contrasts the decreased ... more pronounced enhancement was observed after adoptive transfer of [Slamf1+5+6]-/- B cells compared to that of [Slamf1+5+6 ...
Adoptive transfer of immunity elicited by attenuated HIV vaccines - David O'Connor
Adoptive transfer of immunity elicited by attenuated HIV vaccines OConnor, David H. University of Wisconsin Madison, Madison, ... Adoptive transfer of immunity elicited by attenuated HIV vaccines. OConnor, David H. / University of Wisconsin Madison. ... Adoptive transfer of immunity elicited by attenuated HIV vaccines. OConnor, David H. / University of Wisconsin Madison. ... Adoptive transfer of immunity elicited by attenuated HIV vaccines. OConnor, David H. / University of Wisconsin Madison. $ ...
Frontiers | Skin CD4+ Memory T Cells Play an Essential Role in Acquired Anti-Tick Immunity through Interleukin-3-Mediated...
Little or no basophil infiltration was detected in T cell-deficient mice, and adoptive transfer of CD4+ but not CD8+ T cells ... Il3 gene expression was highly upregulated at the 2nd tick-feeding site, and adoptive transfer of IL-3-sufficient but not - ... Il3 gene expression was highly upregulated at the 2nd tick-feeding site, and adoptive transfer of IL-3-sufficient but not - ... Little or no basophil infiltration was detected in T cell-deficient mice, and adoptive transfer of CD4+ but not CD8+ T cells ...
Reovirus Virotherapy Overrides Tumor Antigen Presentation Evasion and Promotes Protective Antitumor Immunity | Molecular Cancer...
Passive transfer of reovirus-induced antitumor immunity. Splenocytes from PBS- or reovirus-treated B16-ova tumor-bearing and ... Adoptive transfer experiments. CFSE-labeled naive OT-1 splenocytes were transferred in B6.PL-Thy1a/CYJ mice to study reovirus ... Perforin is required for innate and adaptive immunity induced by heat shock protein gp96. Immunity 2003;18:381-90. ... In this situation, a contribution of antitumor immunity in governing protective immunity against tumor challenge would be ...
Infection and ImmuLymphocytesCell-mediatedAntitumorLong-term immunityAntigensAdoptivelyAdaptiveImmunologyAntibodyImmunizationImmuneTribal sovereign immunitySovereignHumoral immunityInfectionsPass along immunityPlant ImmunityHumansCalvesLymphocyteMucosalHerd immunityActive immunityPopulation immunityColostrumInstitute of InfectionTransplantationSerumMother'sDurationAntigen2019TumorsNeonatalChemotherapy
Infection and Immu2
- SPECIFIC AIMS These aims will test the hypothesis that adoptively transferred cells from donors immunized with attenuated SIV establish conditions favorable for long-term immunologic containment of pathogenic SIV and, in the process, fundamentally advance our understanding of SIV sequence dynamics: 1) We will determine whether bulk lymphocytes transferred from SIVmac239?nef immunized donors significantly decrease setpoint SIVmac239 viremia. (grantome.com)
- Cytotoxic T lymphocytes belong to adaptive immunity, and their activation requires prior exposure and establishment of memory T cells. (pnas.org)
- Alternatively, the fact that repeated challenges enhanced subsequent responses suggests a possible involvement of adaptive immunity, such as generation of memory T and B lymphocytes and antibody production. (pnas.org)
- We demonstrate that human milk can inhibit the DC-SIGN-mediated transfer of HIV-1 to CD4 + T lymphocytes as well as viral transfer by both immature and mature DCs. (jci.org)
- Endogenous antitumor immunity elicited by adoptively transferred lymphocytes through CCL5 and CD40L signaling, and dendritic cell depletion. (dartmouth.edu)
- To challenge this issue, we have done a transfer study of human tonsillar lymphocytes into NOD/LtSz-scid/scid mice and obtained successful results in which human leukocytes are engrafted in the spleens and other non-lymphoid organs such as lung and liver. (nii.ac.jp)
- Publications] Hideyuki Kawauchi: 'A Transfer Study of Human Tonsillar Lymphocytes into NOD/LtSz-scid/scid Mice'Recent Advances in Otitis Media. (nii.ac.jp)
- Syngeneic lymphocytes were transferred from rodents heavily immunized against the tumor to inhibit growth of small established tumors, becoming the first example of ACT. (wikipedia.org)
- In 2002, lymphodepletion using a nonmyeloablative chemotherapy regimen administered immediately before TIL transfer increased cancer regression, as well as the persistent oligoclonal repopulation of the host with the transferred lymphocytes. (wikipedia.org)
- The peripheral leukocyte migration inhibition assay has been adapted as an in vitro assay of cell-mediated immunity to a soluble antigen extract of nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) and as an assay for transfer factor (TF) activity in this system. (aacrjournals.org)
- Effect of guinea pig transfer factor cytokines on Mycobacterium bovis cell-mediated immunity in Friesian calves. (onljvetres.com)
- KA, Jawad MM., Effect of guinea pig transfer factor cytokines on Mycobacterium bovis cell-mediated immunity in Friesian calves, Onl J Vet Res. (onljvetres.com)
- We tested transfer factor (TFS) cultured in guinea pigs against a Colmete -Guerin strain of Mycobacterium bovis to induce specific cell-mediated immunity in Friesian calves. (onljvetres.com)
- Our results suggest that TFS induced cell-mediated immunity as shown In vivo dermal reaction and In vitro by leucocyte migration and phagocytosis tests. (onljvetres.com)
- Antitumor immunity is augmented by cytotoxic lymphodepletion therapies. (jimmunol.org)
- Adoptively transferred naive and effector T cells proliferate extensively and show enhanced antitumor effects in lymphopenic recipients. (jimmunol.org)
- The current study demonstrates that both regulatory T cells (Tregs) and effector CD8 + T cells from lymphopenic recipients play critical roles in the development of antitumor immunity after lymphodepletion. (jimmunol.org)
- Depletion of these chemoresistant Tregs following CPA treatment and transfer of naive CD4 + T cells augmented the antitumor immunity and significantly suppressed tumor progression. (jimmunol.org)
- Tumors use various evasion strategies to inhibit the development of antitumor immunity and avoid subsequent immune response-mediated elimination ( 1 - 3 ). (aacrjournals.org)
- These immunologic abnormalities associated with the tumor microenvironment either inhibit the priming of antitumor adaptive immunity ( 1 ) or tolerize tumor-specific CD4 ( 13 , 14 ) and CD8 ( 15 , 16 ) T cells. (aacrjournals.org)
- Additionally, reovirus oncotherapy synergistically enhances the efficacy of tumor-specific immunotherapies and, most importantly, promotes the establishment of protective antitumor immunity. (aacrjournals.org)
- Moreover , its effect upon endogenous antitumor immunity , and the contribution of CD4 + T cells , remain largely unknown . (dartmouth.edu)
- Here we demonstrate that transferring tumor-primed T cells into tumor-bearing mice awakened endogenous antitumor mechanisms and induced the rejection of otherwise lethal ovarian cancers , but only when coupled with depleting tumor-associated immunosuppressive dendritic cells (DCs) . (dartmouth.edu)
- Thus , these results suggest that persistent , long-lived antitumor immunity was triggered by the administration of ex vivo activated T cells , but was directly mediated by immune cells of host origin . (dartmouth.edu)
- Our data unveil a CD40-dependent mechanism of transferring immunity from adoptively transferred CCL5-secreting CD4 + T cells to host immune cells , causing sustained antitumor effects that are further augmented by direct targeting of the tumor microenvironment . (dartmouth.edu)
- This form of immunodeficiency may contribute to posttransplant infections (e.g., varicella-zoster and pneumococcal sepsis) and compromise the ability to generate antitumor immunity through vaccinations. (aacrjournals.org)
- These findings highlight the potential need for second-generation vaccines that incorporate these targets given T cells play an important role in mediating long-term immunity to the virus, as well as the development of T-cell based diagnostics and T cell therapies. (yahoo.com)
- T cells play a critical role in fighting viral infections and are particularly important in generating long-term immunity to future infections,' said Gavin MacBeath, Ph.D., Chief Scientific Officer at TScan. (yahoo.com)
- This inability to induce long-term immunity was not due to the nature of Borrelia antigens, as even T-dependent antigens of Borrelia were unable to induce such responses. (prolekare.cz)
- In addition, this elevated level of adoptively transferred immunity remains constant for at least 8 wk. (jimmunol.org)
- The primary goal of this application is to learn whether cellular immune responses contribute to the success of attenuated vaccines by adoptively transferring these cells from immunized animals into naive recipients that are subsequently challenged with pathogenic simian immunodeficiency virus (SIV). (grantome.com)
- In addition, MIP-1α appeared to act via the upregulation of antigen-presenting cell (APC) function and the expression of costimulatory molecules (B7-1 and B7-2), whereas MIP-2 enhanced Th1-type CD4 + T-cell-mediated adaptive immunity by increasing gamma interferon secretion from activated NK cells. (asm.org)
- Our findings provide new insight into the value of CXC and CC chemokines, which act on different innate cellular components as the linkage signals between innate and adaptive immunity in mucosal DNA vaccination. (asm.org)
- Our results emphasize the value of CXC or CC chemokines as mucosal adjuvants and indicate that they function by influencing the interaction between innate and adaptive immunity. (asm.org)
- Most important, Krebs cycle intermediates such as succinate, fumarate and citrate engage in processes related to immunity and inflammation, in both innate and adaptive immune cells. (nature.com)
- Furthermore, tumors have evolved numerous mechanisms to evade both innate and adaptive immunity. (hindawi.com)
- What Is Adaptive Immunity? (study.com)
- Dohmae K, Koshimizu U, Nishimune Y (1993) In utero and mammary transfer of hantavirus antibody from dams to infant rats. (springer.com)
- Passive transfer of local immunity to influenza virus infection by IgA antibody. (jimmunol.org)
- Classically, passive transfer of antibody has been used to demonstrate causality, but the passive transfer of local immunity with physiologically transported IgA has not been previously reported. (jimmunol.org)
- These data demonstrate the passive transfer of local immunity by the i.v. administration of pIgA antibody and show that the IgA in secretions can protect against influenza virus infection. (jimmunol.org)
- These data suggest a suppressive synergy of SLAMF1, SLAMF5, and SLAMF6 in humoral immunity, which contrasts the decreased antibody responses resulting from a defective GC reaction in the absence of the adapter SAP. (frontiersin.org)
- These data provide the first clear evidence, to our knowledge, that basophils play an essential and nonredundant role in antibody-mediated acquired immunity against ticks, which may suggest new strategies for controlling tick-borne diseases. (pubmedcentralcanada.ca)
- Are positive antibody tests-showing that you've previously been infected-actually an immunity passport? (singularityhub.com)
- It has long been considered that the acquisition and maintenance of sterile immunity obtained through immunization with attenuated malaria sporozoites required the presence of infected hepatocytes. (embopress.org)
- Pertussis results in substantial morbidity among adults and adolescents whose immunity to past childhood vaccination or B. pertussis infection might have waned and who have not received booster immunization for pertussis with adult tetanus, reduced diphtheria, and acellular pertussis (Tdap) vaccine ( 1 , 2 ). (cdc.gov)
- These findings suggest that two phenotypically distinct T cell subpopulations function in the development of the immune response to L. monocytogenes and that only one cell subpopulation is required for expression of immunity to this intracellular parasite. (jimmunol.org)
- Counter to expectations, we found no indication that maternally transferred yolk IgGs have direct beneficial effects on nestling development, nestling immune response or nestling resistance or tolerance to fleas. (uzh.ch)
- We have investigated whether immunoglobulins from mothers who displayed a strong anti-FrCas(E) humoral response induced upon MAb treatment could affect both viremia and the immune systems of FrCas(E)-infected pups till adult age upon placental and/or breastfeeding transfer. (cnrs.fr)
- Supplement Facts: A Proprietary Blend of Immune proteins and Transfer Factors derived from Colostrum and Avian sources, Super Oxide Dismutase [SOD] Natural liver flavoring. (paws4health.ca)
- This way, you can be assured, K9 Immunity™ is the MOST POTENT canine immune supplement available anywhere today. (paws4health.ca)
- K9 immunity for dogs is a supplement made from mushrooms with known medicinal benefits that are designed to boost the immune system particularly for dogs with cancer. (paws4health.ca)
- Artificial induction of immunity is the artificial induction of immunity to specific diseases - making people immune to disease by means other than waiting for them to catch the disease. (wikipedia.org)
- The earliest recorded artificial induction of immunity in humans was by variolation or inoculation , which is the controlled infection of a subject with a less lethal natural form of smallpox (known as Variola Minor) to make him or her immune to re-infection with the more lethal natural form, Variola Major. (wikipedia.org)
- In 1798, Jenner extended his observations by showing that cowpox could be passed from a lesion on one patient to others through four arm to arm transfers and that the last in the series was immune by exposing him to smallpox. (wikipedia.org)
- Herd immunity (also called herd effect , community immunity , population immunity , or social immunity ) is a form of indirect protection from infectious disease that occurs when a large percentage of a population has become immune to an infection, thereby providing a measure of protection for individuals who are not immune. (wikipedia.org)
- Some individuals cannot become immune due to medical reasons and in this group herd immunity is an important method of protection. (wikipedia.org)
- Transfer factors are used for infectious conditions in people with weak immune systems. (rxlist.com)
- We apply these approaches to understanding the host parasite interaction in immunity to infection as well as the host immune response against self in autoimmune diseases such as Rheumatoid Arthritis. (gla.ac.uk)
Tribal sovereign immunity3
- A prior bill that would have abrogated tribal sovereign immunity in IPR proceedings was introduced last fall by Sen. Claire McCaskill (D-MO), who is a co-sponsor of the PACED Act. (jdsupra.com)
- Additionally, the bill would amend the Tariff Act-the statute governing the U.S. International Trade Commission, a popular venue for patent owners-to bar the assertion of tribal sovereign immunity in that venue as well. (jdsupra.com)
- Nov. 6, 2020) On October 23, 2020, the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit affirmed a lower court's decision permanently enjoining Seneca County, New York, from foreclosing on the Cayuga Indian Nation's real property for nonpayment of property taxes on the ground of tribal sovereign immunity. (loc.gov)
- Allegan's Restasis Patents Invalidated by a Federal District Court Even After Transfer to Native American Tribe and Sovereign Immunity Claim. (weintraub.com)
- This controversial transfer in an attempt to protect the patents from inter partes review at the PTAB via the tribe's sovereign immunity received sharp criticism from generic drug manufactures and some in Congress. (weintraub.com)
- Sovereign immunity, however, was not argued in District Court action. (weintraub.com)
- The PACED Act (S. 2514, text here ) appears to be a response to recent assertions of sovereign immunity in PTAB post-grant review proceedings by state entities and Native American tribes. (jdsupra.com)
- The PACED Act, however, goes much farther than the prior bill-it would prohibit the assertion of sovereign immunity by any patent owner in all Patent Office proceedings, including IPRs, post-grant reviews, covered business method reviews, ex parte reexaminations, and interferences/derivation proceedings. (jdsupra.com)
- But in recognition of the Supreme Court's 1999 holding in Florida Prepaid v. College Savings Bank that Congress could not abrogate patented-related state sovereign immunity absent a finding of a pattern of constitutional violations by the states, the proposed legislation notes that its effect is limited by the 11th Amendment (i.e., the act likely would have no effect on state sovereign immunity). (jdsupra.com)
- But foreign sovereign entities are expressly included in the act as among those whose sovereign immunity would abrogated, at least in some circumstances. (jdsupra.com)
- The PACED Act would also expressly apply to the standards of the Foreign Sovereign Immunities Act (FSIA)-which currently applies only to courts-to Patent Office proceedings in order to determine whether a foreign sovereign patent owner might appropriately raise sovereign immunity claims. (jdsupra.com)
- The bill would also overrule certain district court precedent and prohibit Native American tribes from raising sovereign immunity as a defense in district court proceedings involving patent claims (both infringement and declaratory judgment actions). (jdsupra.com)
- The issue of sovereign immunity in PTAB proceedings is currently being appealed to the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Federal Circuit, which may issue rulings later this spring or summer. (jdsupra.com)
- A molecule that is key to mothers' ability to pass along immunity to intestinal infections to their babies through breast milk has been identified by a research team at BYU-Harvard-Stanford. (medindia.net)
- Diabetes patients have reduced immunity, which makes them more susceptible to skin infections like boils. (medindia.net)
- Immunity against infections that can cause serious illness is generally beneficial. (wikipedia.org)
- Since Pasteur provided support for a germ theory of infectious disease, we have increasingly induced immunity against a widening range of diseases to prevent the associated risks from the wild infections. (wikipedia.org)
- How exactly the Covid-19 pandemic will finally bugger off into history is still anyone's guess, but virologists and public health experts generally agree that immunity is key-either through widespread safe and effective vaccination, or when enough of our population has recovered from infections and gained herd immunity. (singularityhub.com)
- For sexually transmitted infections (STIs), high levels of immunity in one sex induces herd immunity for both sexes. (wikipedia.org)
Pass along immunity1
- The effect of prepartum supplementation on the transfer of passive immunity and growth of calves was investigated. (qld.gov.au)
- Data for final analyses was available from 92 calves on transfer of passive immunity and from 59 cow/calf pairs on prepartum progesterone decline. (qld.gov.au)
- Background Failure of passive transfer of maternal immunity via colostrum can occur in the bovine, and a number of blood tests have been developed to test calves for this failure. (welbourneprimary.com)
- Passive immunity transfer (PIT) evaluation is an essential tool for the maintenance of healthy calves during the first months of life . (bvsalud.org)
- Our results emphasize the value of using the mucosal route to administer DNA modulators such as chemokines that function as adjuvants by regulating the activity of innate immunity. (asm.org)
- In consequence, immunity at mucosal sites represents an important issue in vaccine development. (asm.org)
- Publications] Hideyuki Kawauchi: 'Mucosal Immunity of Nasopharynx'Rhinology. (nii.ac.jp)
- Once a certain threshold has been reached, herd immunity gradually eliminates a disease from a population. (wikipedia.org)
- Herd immunity does not apply to all diseases, just those that are contagious , meaning that they can be transmitted from one individual to another. (wikipedia.org)
- Tetanus , for example, is infectious but not contagious, so herd immunity does not apply. (wikipedia.org)
- The term herd immunity was first used in 1923. (wikipedia.org)
Institute of Infection1
- Passive transfer of transplantation immunity. (springer.com)
- Transplantation of livers from donors with isolated anti-HBc-positivity (i.e. negative for HBsAg and anti-HBs) has resulted in additional challenges, since isolated anti-HBc-positive livers are capable of transferring HBV infection to 50-78% of HBV-naïve recipients in the absence of preventative therapy [ 20 , 21 ]. (medsci.org)
- Quantitative studies on tissue transplantation immunity. (royalsocietypublishing.org)
- The duration of demonstreble passive immunity did not extend for more than four months of life. (bl.uk)
- When given as a shot under the skin to people with shingles, transfer factor seems to help reduce the duration of pain compared to the drug acyclovir. (rxlist.com)
- Particularly its clinical effectiveness and duration of immunity in pregnant women and their newborn infants is unknown. (clinicaltrials.gov)
- Using tumor tropic human papillomavirus pseudovirions, that contain plasmids expressing HCMV peptides or direct intra-tumoral injection of HCMV peptides, this methodology directs the pre-existing anti-HCMV immunity against those peptides to the tumors. (cancer.gov)
- Adoptive cell transfer (ACT) is a promising therapy for various non-epithelial tumors but has not yet proven successful in ovarian cancer . (dartmouth.edu)