The pull on a limb or a part thereof. Skin traction (indirect traction) is applied by using a bandage to pull on the skin and fascia where light traction is required. Skeletal traction (direct traction), however, uses pins or wires inserted through bone and is attached to weights, pulleys, and ropes. (From Blauvelt & Nelson, A Manual of Orthopaedic Terminology, 5th ed)
A purely physical condition which exists within any material because of strain or deformation by external forces or by non-uniform thermal expansion; expressed quantitatively in units of force per unit area.
Detachment of the corpus vitreum (VITREOUS BODY) from its normal attachments, especially the retina, due to shrinkage from degenerative or inflammatory conditions, trauma, myopia, or senility.
The final period of OBSTETRIC LABOR that is from the expulsion of the FETUS to the expulsion of the PLACENTA.
The process by which cells convert mechanical stimuli into a chemical response. It can occur in both cells specialized for sensing mechanical cues such as MECHANORECEPTORS, and in parenchymal cells whose primary function is not mechanosensory.
A genus of livebearing cyprinodont fish comprising the guppy and molly. Some species are virtually all female and depend on sperm from other species to stimulate egg development. Poecilia is used in carcinogenicity studies as well as neurologic and physiologic research.
The transparent, semigelatinous substance that fills the cavity behind the CRYSTALLINE LENS of the EYE and in front of the RETINA. It is contained in a thin hyaloid membrane and forms about four fifths of the optic globe.
Separation of the inner layers of the retina (neural retina) from the pigment epithelium. Retinal detachment occurs more commonly in men than in women, in eyes with degenerative myopia, in aging and in aphakia. It may occur after an uncomplicated cataract extraction, but it is seen more often if vitreous humor has been lost during surgery. (Dorland, 27th ed; Newell, Ophthalmology: Principles and Concepts, 7th ed, p310-12).
The subfamily of myosin proteins that are commonly found in muscle fibers. Myosin II is also involved a diverse array of cellular functions including cell division, transport within the GOLGI APPARATUS, and maintaining MICROVILLI structure.
An anchoring junction of the cell to a non-cellular substrate. It is composed of a specialized area of the plasma membrane where bundles of the ACTIN CYTOSKELETON terminate and attach to the transmembrane linkers, INTEGRINS, which in turn attach through their extracellular domains to EXTRACELLULAR MATRIX PROTEINS.
Removal of the whole or part of the vitreous body in treating endophthalmitis, diabetic retinopathy, retinal detachment, intraocular foreign bodies, and some types of glaucoma.
Surface resistance to the relative motion of one body against the rubbing, sliding, rolling, or flowing of another with which it is in contact.
The first seven VERTEBRAE of the SPINAL COLUMN, which correspond to the VERTEBRAE of the NECK.
Fractures of the femur.
Extraoral devices for applying force to the dentition in order to avoid some of the problems in anchorage control met with in intermaxillary traction and to apply force in directions not otherwise possible.
Fractures in which the break in bone is not accompanied by an external wound.
Acrylic resins, also known as polymethyl methacrylate (PMMA), are a type of synthetic resin formed from polymerized methyl methacrylate monomers, used in various medical applications such as dental restorations, orthopedic implants, and ophthalmic lenses due to their biocompatibility, durability, and transparency.
An appreciable lateral deviation in the normally straight vertical line of the spine. (Dorland, 27th ed)
The properties, processes, and behavior of biological systems under the action of mechanical forces.
Dressings made of fiberglass, plastic, or bandage impregnated with plaster of paris used for immobilization of various parts of the body in cases of fractures, dislocations, and infected wounds. In comparison with plaster casts, casts made of fiberglass or plastic are lightweight, radiolucent, able to withstand moisture, and less rigid.
"Dislocation is a traumatic injury wherein the normal articulation between two bones at a joint is disrupted, resulting in the complete separation of the bone ends and associated soft tissues from their usual position."
Adherence of cells to surfaces or to other cells.
The behaviors of materials under force.
The movement of cells from one location to another. Distinguish from CYTOKINESIS which is the process of dividing the CYTOPLASM of a cell.
Diseases affecting the eye.
Injuries involving the vertebral column.
Transducers that are activated by pressure changes, e.g., blood pressure.
Perforations through the whole thickness of the retina including the macula as the result of inflammation, trauma, degeneration, etc. The concept includes retinal breaks, tears, dialyses, and holes.
Bones that make up the SKELETON of the FINGERS, consisting of two for the THUMB, and three for each of the other fingers.
'Beauty culture' is not a recognized term in medical terminology; however, if you are referring to the practice and cultural significance of beauty treatments and enhancements, it can be defined as: The societal and individual pursuit, maintenance, and modification of physical attractiveness through various cultural practices, products, and procedures, which may intersect with concepts of health, well-being, self-expression, and identity.
Excess blood loss from uterine bleeding associated with OBSTETRIC LABOR or CHILDBIRTH. It is defined as blood loss greater than 500 ml or of the amount that adversely affects the maternal physiology, such as BLOOD PRESSURE and HEMATOCRIT. Postpartum hemorrhage is divided into two categories, immediate (within first 24 hours after birth) or delayed (after 24 hours postpartum).
The use of instrumentation and techniques for visualizing material and details that cannot be seen by the unaided eye. It is usually done by enlarging images, transmitted by light or electron beams, with optical or magnetic lenses that magnify the entire image field. With scanning microscopy, images are generated by collecting output from the specimen in a point-by-point fashion, on a magnified scale, as it is scanned by a narrow beam of light or electrons, a laser, a conductive probe, or a topographical probe.
A meshwork-like substance found within the extracellular space and in association with the basement membrane of the cell surface. It promotes cellular proliferation and provides a supporting structure to which cells or cell lysates in culture dishes adhere.

Bilateral vertebral artery occlusion following cervical spine trauma--case report. (1/271)

A 41-year-old female presented with a rare case of bilateral vertebral artery occlusion following C5-6 cervical spine subluxation after a fall of 30 feet. Digital subtraction angiography showed occlusion of the bilateral vertebral arteries. Unlocking of the facet joint, posterior wiring with iliac crest grafting, and anterior fusion were performed. The patient died on the 3rd day after the operation. This type of injury has a grim prognosis with less than a third of the patients achieving a good outcome.  (+info)

Separation of propulsive and adhesive traction stresses in locomoting keratocytes. (2/271)

Strong, actomyosin-dependent, pinching tractions in steadily locomoting (gliding) fish keratocytes revealed by traction imaging present a paradox, since only forces perpendicular to the direction of locomotion are apparent, leaving the actual propulsive forces unresolved. When keratocytes become transiently "stuck" by their trailing edge and adopt a fibroblast-like morphology, the tractions opposing locomotion are concentrated into the tail, leaving the active pinching and propulsive tractions clearly visible under the cell body. Stuck keratocytes can develop approximately 1 mdyn (10,000 pN) total propulsive thrust, originating in the wings of the cell. The leading lamella develops no detectable propulsive traction, even when the cell pulls on its transient tail anchorage. The separation of propulsive and adhesive tractions in the stuck phenotype leads to a mechanically consistent hypothesis that resolves the traction paradox for gliding keratocytes: the propulsive tractions driving locomotion are normally canceled by adhesive tractions resisting locomotion, leaving only the pinching tractions as a resultant. The resolution of the traction pattern into its components specifies conditions to be met for models of cytoskeletal force production, such as the dynamic network contraction model (Svitkina, T.M., A.B. Verkhovsky, K.M. McQuade, and G.G. Borisy. 1997. J. Cell Biol. 139:397-415). The traction pattern associated with cells undergoing sharp turns differs markedly from the normal pinching traction pattern, and can be accounted for by postulating an asymmetry in contractile activity of the opposed lateral wings of the cell.  (+info)

Successful conservative treatment of rheumatoid subaxial subluxation resulting in improvement of myelopathy, reduction of subluxation, and stabilisation of the cervical spine. A report of two cases. (3/271)

OBJECTIVE: To report the efficacy of conservative treatment with cervical traction and immobilisation with a Halo vest, in two consecutive rheumatoid arthritis patients with progressive cervical myelopathy caused by subaxial subluxation. METHODS: Description of neurological symptoms and signs and findings in plain radiography (PR) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the cervical spine before and after treatment of the subaxial subluxation by traction and immobilisation with a Halo vest during four months. RESULTS: During four months of traction and immobilisation neurological examination showed a considerable improvement of the signs and symptoms of cervical myelopathy. Afterwards PR and MRI of the cervical spine showed reduction of the subaxial subluxation. Eventually firm stabilisation was obtained in both patients without surgery of the cervical spine. CONCLUSION: Cervical traction and immobilisation with a Halo vest can be considered as an independent conservative treatment in rheumatoid arthritis patients with cervical myelopathy caused by subaxial subluxation.  (+info)

Halo femoral traction and sliding rods in the treatment of a neurologically compromised congenital scoliosis: technique. (4/271)

In severe congenital scoliosis, traction (whether with a halo or instrumental) is known to expose patients to neurologic complications. However, patients with restrictive lung disease may benefit from halo traction during the course of the surgical treatment. The goal of treatment of such deformities is, therefore, twofold: improvement of the respiratory function and avoidance of any neurologic complications. We report our technique to treat a 17-year-old girl with a multi-operated congenital scoliosis of 145 degrees and cor pulmonale. Pre-operative halo gravity traction improved her vital capacity from 560 c.c. to 700 c.c., but led to mild neurologic symptoms (clonus in the legs). To avoid further neurologic compromise, her first surgery consisted of posterior osteotomies and the implantation of two sliding rods connected to loose dominoes without any attempt at correction. Correction was then achieved over a 3-week period with a halofemoral traction. This allowed the two rods to slide while the neurologic status of the patient was monitored. Her definitive surgery consisted of locking the dominoes and the application of a contralateral rod. Satisfactory outcome was achieved for both correction of the deformity (without neurologic sequels) and improvement of her pulmonary function (1200 c.c. at 2 years). This technique using sliding rods in combination with halofemoral traction can be useful in high-risk, very severe congenital scoliosis.  (+info)

Joint distraction in treatment of osteoarthritis (II): effects on cartilage in a canine model. (5/271)

OBJECTIVE: From a clinical point of view, joint distraction as a treatment for osteoarthritis (OA) of hip and ankle has been demonstrated to be very promising. Pain, joint mobility and functional ability, the most important factors for a patient with severe OA, all improved. Although radiographic joint space enlargement in a significant number of patients suggested cartilage repair, actual cartilage repair remains difficult to evaluate. Therefore the present study was initiated to evaluate the actual effects of joint distraction on cartilage. METHODS: For this purpose a canine model for OA, anterior cruciate ligament transection (ACLT) was used. Sixteen weeks after ACLT articulating Ilizarov joint distraction of the knee was carried out. Absence of mechanical contact between articular surfaces and presence of intra-articular intermittent fluid pressure, characteristics of Ilizarov joint distraction, were confirmed. Twenty-five weeks after ACLT joint tissue of the dogs was analyzed. RESULTS: Biochemical analysis showed that after joint distraction the abnormal cartilage proteoglycan (PG) metabolism, characteristic for OA, had changed to a level found in control joints. Moreover, a mild degree of inflammation, present after ACLT, was reduced upon joint distraction. PG-content and histological cartilage degeneration had not (yet) improved within the time of treatment. DISCUSSION: Results suggest that the promising clinical results of Ilizarov joint distraction in patients with OA are accompanied by changes in cartilage metabolism. A change in proteoglycan turnover, indicating normalization of overall chondrocyte function, might in the long term, with normal joint use, lead to actual repair of cartilage.  (+info)

Complete fracture-dislocation of the lumbar spine without paraplegia. (6/271)

A case of fracture-dislocation of the lumbar spine with complete anterior dislocation of L4 without any neurological deficit.  (+info)

The treatment of femoral shaft fractures in children: a systematic overview and critical appraisal of the literature. (7/271)

OBJECTIVE: Through a critical systematic overview of the literature on the treatment of pediatric femoral shaft fractures to determine if any method of treatment can be recommended over others. DATA SOURCES: A MEDLINE search was performed for all cohort and randomized clinical trials for the years 1966 to 1996. STUDY SELECTION: Of 1217 identified articles, 15 cohort studies (where 2 or more treatments were compared in the same study) reported the treatment of children with femoral fractures. DATA EXTRACTION: Information was abstracted and articles rated for quality blind to author, institution and journal. DATA SYNTHESIS: Children having early application of a hip spica cast had an average hospital stay of 11 days (range from 5 to 29 days), average charges of $5784 (range from $590 to $11,800), average rates of limb-length discrepancy (greater than 2 cm) of 3% (range from 0 to 25%), angulatory malunion rates (greater than 10 degrees) of 8% (range from 0 to 19%), and rotational malunion rates (greater than 10 degrees) of 13% (range from 0 to 5%). The costs and malunion rates of early application of a hip spica cast were lower than for traction. Internal fixation (including intramedullary nails) had low angulatory malunion rates compared with early application of a hip spica cast but higher over-lengthening rates (greater than 2 cm) of 25% (range from 5% to 100%) and mean rotational malunion rates (greater than 10 degrees) of 25% (range from 11% to 32%). CONCLUSION: Early application of a hip spica cast had lower costs and malunion rates than traction.  (+info)

Soft-tissue interposition after closed reduction in developmental dysplasia of the hip. The long-term effect on acetabular development and avascular necrosis. (8/271)

We reviewed 98 children (133 hips) with developmental dysplasia of the hip who underwent arthrography immediately after closed reduction by overhead traction. We followed the patients to skeletal maturity to investigate whether soft-tissue interposition influences acetabular development and avascular necrosis over the long term. The shape of the limbus and the thickness of the soft-tissue interposition at the acetabular floor, as shown on arthrograms at the time of reduction, were not directly related to the final radiological results or to the incidence of avascular necrosis. Even if marked soft-tissue interposition was found on the initial arthrogram, spontaneous disappearance was noted in 71% up to the age of five years. The final radiological results showed no difference between those in which the interposition disappeared and those with none at the time of closed reduction. However, the requirement for secondary surgery at the age of five years was significantly higher in those with more than 3.5 mm of soft-tissue interposition. In the no-disappearance group (group C) further operation was necessary in 100% and the results were significantly worse at maturity according to Severin's classification. We suggest that the indications for open reduction should not be based solely on the arthrographic findings at the time of closed reduction.  (+info)

Traction, in medical terms, refers to the application of a pulling force to distract or align parts of the body, particularly bones, joints, or muscles, with the aim of immobilizing, reducing displacement, or realigning them. This is often achieved through the use of various devices such as tongs, pulleys, weights, or specialized traction tables. Traction may be applied manually or mechanically and can be continuous or intermittent, depending on the specific medical condition being treated. Common indications for traction include fractures, dislocations, spinal cord injuries, and certain neurological conditions.

Mechanical stress, in the context of physiology and medicine, refers to any type of force that is applied to body tissues or organs, which can cause deformation or displacement of those structures. Mechanical stress can be either external, such as forces exerted on the body during physical activity or trauma, or internal, such as the pressure changes that occur within blood vessels or other hollow organs.

Mechanical stress can have a variety of effects on the body, depending on the type, duration, and magnitude of the force applied. For example, prolonged exposure to mechanical stress can lead to tissue damage, inflammation, and chronic pain. Additionally, abnormal or excessive mechanical stress can contribute to the development of various musculoskeletal disorders, such as tendinitis, osteoarthritis, and herniated discs.

In order to mitigate the negative effects of mechanical stress, the body has a number of adaptive responses that help to distribute forces more evenly across tissues and maintain structural integrity. These responses include changes in muscle tone, joint positioning, and connective tissue stiffness, as well as the remodeling of bone and other tissues over time. However, when these adaptive mechanisms are overwhelmed or impaired, mechanical stress can become a significant factor in the development of various pathological conditions.

Vitreous detachment, also known as posterior vitreous detachment (PVD), is a common age-related eye condition characterized by the separation of the vitreous gel from the retina. The vitreous is a clear, gel-like substance that fills the space between the lens and the retina in the eye. As we age, the vitreous may change in consistency, becoming more liquefied, leading to the formation of pockets of liquid within the gel.

In vitreous detachment, the posterior part of the vitreous closest to the retina begins to pull away from the retinal surface due to the shrinkage and liquefaction of the vitreous gel. This separation can cause symptoms such as floaters (spots or strands in the field of vision), flashes of light, or a decrease in vision sharpness. While vitreous detachment is typically not a serious condition on its own, it can sometimes lead to complications like retinal tears or retinal detachment, which require immediate medical attention.

The third stage of labor is the period between the delivery of the baby and the expulsion of the placenta. It is also known as the afterbirth stage. This stage is typically completed within 5-30 minutes, but can take up to an hour. During this stage, the uterus continues to contract, causing the separation of the placenta from the uterine wall. Once separated, the placenta is expelled from the body with the help of contractions and a strong push from the mother. It is important for medical professionals to monitor this stage closely to ensure that the entire placenta is expelled and to manage any potential complications, such as heavy bleeding.

Cellular mechanotransduction is the process by which cells convert mechanical stimuli into biochemical signals, resulting in changes in cell behavior and function. This complex process involves various molecular components, including transmembrane receptors, ion channels, cytoskeletal proteins, and signaling molecules. Mechanical forces such as tension, compression, or fluid flow can activate these components, leading to alterations in gene expression, protein synthesis, and cell shape or movement. Cellular mechanotransduction plays a crucial role in various physiological processes, including tissue development, homeostasis, and repair, as well as in pathological conditions such as fibrosis and cancer progression.

"Poecilia" is not a medical term, but a biological genus name. It belongs to the family Poeciliidae and includes several species of small freshwater fish commonly known as mollies, guppies, and swordtails. These fish are often kept in aquariums as pets. They are livebearers, which means they give birth to live young rather than laying eggs.

The vitreous body, also known simply as the vitreous, is the clear, gel-like substance that fills the space between the lens and the retina in the eye. It is composed mainly of water, but also contains collagen fibers, hyaluronic acid, and other proteins. The vitreous helps to maintain the shape of the eye and provides a transparent medium for light to pass through to reach the retina. With age, the vitreous can become more liquefied and may eventually separate from the retina, leading to symptoms such as floaters or flashes of light.

Retinal detachment is a serious eye condition that occurs when the retina, a thin layer of tissue at the back of the eye responsible for processing light and sending visual signals to the brain, pulls away from its normal position. This can lead to significant vision loss or even blindness if not promptly treated. Retinal detachment can be caused by various factors such as aging, trauma, eye disease, or an inflammatory condition. Symptoms of retinal detachment may include sudden flashes of light, floaters, a shadow in the peripheral vision, or a curtain-like covering over part of the visual field. Immediate medical attention is necessary to prevent further damage and preserve vision.

Myosin Type II, also known as myosin II or heavy meromyosin, is a type of motor protein involved in muscle contraction and other cellular movements. It is a hexameric protein composed of two heavy chains and four light chains. The heavy chains have a head domain that binds to actin filaments and an tail domain that forms a coiled-coil structure, allowing the formation of filaments. Myosin II uses the energy from ATP hydrolysis to move along actin filaments, generating force and causing muscle contraction or other cell movements. It plays a crucial role in various cellular processes such as cytokinesis, cell motility, and maintenance of cell shape.

Focal adhesions are specialized structures found in cells that act as points of attachment between the intracellular cytoskeleton and the extracellular matrix (ECM). They are composed of a complex network of proteins, including integrins, talin, vinculin, paxillin, and various others.

Focal adhesions play a crucial role in cellular processes such as adhesion, migration, differentiation, and signal transduction. They form when integrin receptors in the cell membrane bind to specific ligands within the ECM, leading to the clustering of these receptors and the recruitment of various adaptor and structural proteins. This results in the formation of a stable linkage between the cytoskeleton and the ECM, which helps maintain cell shape, provide mechanical stability, and facilitate communication between the intracellular and extracellular environments.

Focal adhesions are highly dynamic structures that can undergo rapid assembly and disassembly in response to various stimuli, allowing cells to adapt and respond to changes in their microenvironment. Dysregulation of focal adhesion dynamics has been implicated in several pathological conditions, including cancer metastasis, fibrosis, and impaired wound healing.

A vitrectomy is a surgical procedure that involves the removal of some or all of the vitreous humor, which is the clear gel-like substance filling the center of the eye. This surgery is often performed to treat various retinal disorders such as diabetic retinopathy, retinal detachment, macular hole, and vitreous hemorrhage.

During a vitrectomy, the ophthalmologist makes small incisions in the sclera (the white part of the eye) to access the vitreous cavity. The surgeon then uses specialized instruments to remove the cloudy or damaged vitreous and may also repair any damage to the retina or surrounding tissues. Afterward, a clear saline solution is injected into the eye to maintain its shape and help facilitate healing.

In some cases, a gas bubble or silicone oil may be placed in the eye after the vitrectomy to help hold the retina in place while it heals. These substances will gradually be absorbed or removed during follow-up appointments. The body naturally produces a new, clear vitreous to replace the removed material over time.

Vitrectomy is typically performed under local anesthesia and may require hospitalization or outpatient care depending on the individual case. Potential risks and complications include infection, bleeding, cataract formation, retinal detachment, and increased eye pressure. However, with proper care and follow-up, most patients experience improved vision after a successful vitrectomy procedure.

I'm sorry for any confusion, but "friction" is not a term that has a specific medical definition. Friction is a physical concept that describes the force that resists the sliding of one surface over another. It is commonly described as the "roughness" between two surfaces. While friction can have effects on various biological processes and medical devices, it does not have a unique medical meaning in and of itself.

The cervical vertebrae are the seven vertebrae that make up the upper part of the spine, also known as the neck region. They are labeled C1 to C7, with C1 being closest to the skull and C7 connecting to the thoracic vertebrae in the chest region. The cervical vertebrae have unique structures to allow for a wide range of motion in the neck while also protecting the spinal cord and providing attachment points for muscles and ligaments.

A femoral fracture is a medical term that refers to a break in the thigh bone, which is the longest and strongest bone in the human body. The femur extends from the hip joint to the knee joint and is responsible for supporting the weight of the upper body and allowing movement of the lower extremity. Femoral fractures can occur due to various reasons such as high-energy trauma, low-energy trauma in individuals with weak bones (osteoporosis), or as a result of a direct blow to the thigh.

Femoral fractures can be classified into different types based on their location, pattern, and severity. Some common types of femoral fractures include:

1. Transverse fracture: A break that occurs straight across the bone.
2. Oblique fracture: A break that occurs at an angle across the bone.
3. Spiral fracture: A break that occurs in a helical pattern around the bone.
4. Comminuted fracture: A break that results in multiple fragments of the bone.
5. Open or compound fracture: A break in which the bone pierces through the skin.
6. Closed or simple fracture: A break in which the bone does not pierce through the skin.

Femoral fractures can cause severe pain, swelling, bruising, and difficulty walking or bearing weight on the affected leg. Diagnosis typically involves a physical examination, medical history, and imaging tests such as X-rays or CT scans. Treatment may involve surgical intervention, including the use of metal rods, plates, or screws to stabilize the bone, followed by rehabilitation and physical therapy to restore mobility and strength.

Extraoral traction appliances are orthodontic devices used to correct significant dental and skeletal discrepancies, typically in cases of severe malocclusion. These appliances are worn externally on the face or head, and they work by applying gentle force to the teeth and jaws to guide them into proper alignment.

Extraoral traction appliances can be used to treat a variety of orthodontic problems, including:

* Protruding front teeth (overjet)
* Severe crowding or spacing
* Class II or Class III malocclusions (where the upper and lower jaws do not align properly)
* Jaw growth abnormalities

There are several types of extraoral traction appliances, including:

1. **Headgear:** This is the most common type of extraoral appliance. It consists of a metal frame that attaches to braces on the back teeth and a strap that fits around the head or neck. The strap applies pressure to the teeth and jaws, helping to correct alignment issues.
2. **Facemask:** A facemask is used to treat Class III malocclusions, where the lower jaw protrudes forward. It consists of a metal frame that attaches to braces on the upper teeth and a strap that fits around the head. The strap pulls the upper jaw forward, helping to align it with the lower jaw.
3. **Reverse pull headgear:** This type of appliance is used to treat patients with a receding chin or small lower jaw. It works by applying pressure to the back of the head, which encourages the growth and development of the lower jaw.
4. **Jaw separators:** These are used in cases where the jaws need to be separated to allow for proper alignment. They consist of two metal bars that fit over the upper and lower teeth, with a screw mechanism that gradually increases the space between them.

Extraoral traction appliances can be uncomfortable to wear at first, but most patients adjust to them over time. It is important to follow the orthodontist's instructions carefully when wearing these appliances to ensure proper alignment and prevent damage to the teeth and jaws.

A closed fracture, also known as a simple fracture, is a type of bone break where the skin remains intact and there is no open wound. The bone may be broken in such a way that it does not pierce the skin, but still requires medical attention for proper diagnosis, treatment, and healing. Closed fractures can range from hairline cracks to complete breaks and can occur due to various reasons, including trauma, overuse, or weakened bones. It is important to seek immediate medical care if a closed fracture is suspected, as improper healing can lead to long-term complications such as decreased mobility, chronic pain, or deformity.

Acrylic resins are a type of synthetic polymer made from methacrylate monomers. They are widely used in various industrial, commercial, and medical applications due to their unique properties such as transparency, durability, resistance to breakage, and ease of coloring or molding. In the medical field, acrylic resins are often used to make dental restorations like false teeth and fillings, medical devices like intraocular lenses, and surgical instruments. They can also be found in orthopedic implants, bone cement, and other medical-grade plastics. Acrylic resins are biocompatible, meaning they do not typically cause adverse reactions when in contact with living tissue. However, they may release small amounts of potentially toxic chemicals over time, so their long-term safety in certain applications is still a subject of ongoing research.

Scoliosis is a medical condition characterized by an abnormal lateral curvature of the spine, which most often occurs in the thoracic or lumbar regions. The curvature can be "C" or "S" shaped and may also include rotation of the vertebrae. Mild scoliosis doesn't typically cause problems, but severe cases can interfere with breathing and other bodily functions.

The exact cause of most scoliosis is unknown, but it may be related to genetic factors. It often develops in the pre-teen or teenage years, particularly in girls, and is more commonly found in individuals with certain neuromuscular disorders such as cerebral palsy and muscular dystrophy.

Treatment for scoliosis depends on the severity of the curve, its location, and the age and expected growth of the individual. Mild cases may only require regular monitoring to ensure the curve doesn't worsen. More severe cases may require bracing or surgery to correct the curvature and prevent it from getting worse.

Biomechanics is the application of mechanical laws to living structures and systems, particularly in the field of medicine and healthcare. A biomechanical phenomenon refers to a observable event or occurrence that involves the interaction of biological tissues or systems with mechanical forces. These phenomena can be studied at various levels, from the molecular and cellular level to the tissue, organ, and whole-body level.

Examples of biomechanical phenomena include:

1. The way that bones and muscles work together to produce movement (known as joint kinematics).
2. The mechanical behavior of biological tissues such as bone, cartilage, tendons, and ligaments under various loads and stresses.
3. The response of cells and tissues to mechanical stimuli, such as the way that bone tissue adapts to changes in loading conditions (known as Wolff's law).
4. The biomechanics of injury and disease processes, such as the mechanisms of joint injury or the development of osteoarthritis.
5. The use of mechanical devices and interventions to treat medical conditions, such as orthopedic implants or assistive devices for mobility impairments.

Understanding biomechanical phenomena is essential for developing effective treatments and prevention strategies for a wide range of medical conditions, from musculoskeletal injuries to neurological disorders.

Surgical casts are medical devices used to immobilize and protect injured body parts, typically fractured or broken bones, during the healing process. They are usually made of plaster or fiberglass materials that harden when wet and conform to the shape of the affected area once applied. The purpose of a surgical cast is to restrict movement and provide stability to the injured site, allowing for proper alignment and healing of the bones.

The casting process involves first aligning the broken bone fragments into their correct positions, often through manual manipulation or surgical intervention. Once aligned, the cast material is applied in layers, with each layer being allowed to dry before adding the next. This creates a rigid structure that encases and supports the injured area. The cast must be kept dry during the healing process to prevent it from becoming weakened or damaged.

Surgical casts come in various shapes and sizes depending on the location and severity of the injury. They may also include additional components such as padding, Velcro straps, or window openings to allow for regular monitoring of the skin and underlying tissue. In some cases, removable splints or functional braces may be used instead of traditional casts, providing similar support while allowing for limited movement and easier adjustments.

It is essential to follow proper care instructions when wearing a surgical cast, including elevating the injured limb, avoiding excessive weight-bearing, and monitoring for signs of complications such as swelling, numbness, or infection. Regular check-ups with a healthcare provider are necessary to ensure proper healing and adjust the cast if needed.

A dislocation is a condition in which a bone slips out of its normal position in a joint. This can happen as a result of trauma or injury, such as a fall or direct blow to the body. Dislocations can cause pain, swelling, and limited mobility in the affected area. In some cases, a dislocation may also damage surrounding tissues, such as ligaments, tendons, and nerves.

Dislocations are typically treated by reducing the dislocation, which means putting the bone back into its normal position. This is usually done with the help of medication to relieve pain and relaxation techniques to help the person stay still during the reduction. In some cases, surgery may be necessary to repair damaged tissues or if the dislocation cannot be reduced through other methods. After the dislocation has been reduced, the joint may be immobilized with a splint or sling to allow it to heal properly.

It is important to seek medical attention promptly if you suspect that you have a dislocation. If left untreated, a dislocation can lead to further complications, such as joint instability and chronic pain.

Cell adhesion refers to the binding of cells to extracellular matrices or to other cells, a process that is fundamental to the development, function, and maintenance of multicellular organisms. Cell adhesion is mediated by various cell surface receptors, such as integrins, cadherins, and immunoglobulin-like cell adhesion molecules (Ig-CAMs), which interact with specific ligands in the extracellular environment. These interactions lead to the formation of specialized junctions, such as tight junctions, adherens junctions, and desmosomes, that help to maintain tissue architecture and regulate various cellular processes, including proliferation, differentiation, migration, and survival. Disruptions in cell adhesion can contribute to a variety of diseases, including cancer, inflammation, and degenerative disorders.

I'm sorry for any confusion, but "mechanical processes" is not a specific medical term. However, in a broader scientific context, mechanical processes refer to actions or events that involve forces and the movement or conversion of energy. This could include physical movements or manipulations of the body or bodily systems, such as surgical procedures, or the functioning of mechanical medical devices like pacemakers. If you have a more specific context in mind, I'd be happy to help further!

Cell movement, also known as cell motility, refers to the ability of cells to move independently and change their location within tissue or inside the body. This process is essential for various biological functions, including embryonic development, wound healing, immune responses, and cancer metastasis.

There are several types of cell movement, including:

1. **Crawling or mesenchymal migration:** Cells move by extending and retracting protrusions called pseudopodia or filopodia, which contain actin filaments. This type of movement is common in fibroblasts, immune cells, and cancer cells during tissue invasion and metastasis.
2. **Amoeboid migration:** Cells move by changing their shape and squeezing through tight spaces without forming protrusions. This type of movement is often observed in white blood cells (leukocytes) as they migrate through the body to fight infections.
3. **Pseudopodial extension:** Cells extend pseudopodia, which are temporary cytoplasmic projections containing actin filaments. These protrusions help the cell explore its environment and move forward.
4. **Bacterial flagellar motion:** Bacteria use a whip-like structure called a flagellum to propel themselves through their environment. The rotation of the flagellum is driven by a molecular motor in the bacterial cell membrane.
5. **Ciliary and ependymal movement:** Ciliated cells, such as those lining the respiratory tract and fallopian tubes, have hair-like structures called cilia that beat in coordinated waves to move fluids or mucus across the cell surface.

Cell movement is regulated by a complex interplay of signaling pathways, cytoskeletal rearrangements, and adhesion molecules, which enable cells to respond to environmental cues and navigate through tissues.

Eye diseases are a range of conditions that affect the eye or visual system, causing damage to vision and, in some cases, leading to blindness. These diseases can be categorized into various types, including:

1. Refractive errors: These include myopia (nearsightedness), hyperopia (farsightedness), astigmatism, and presbyopia, which affect the way light is focused on the retina and can usually be corrected with glasses or contact lenses.
2. Cataracts: A clouding of the lens inside the eye that leads to blurry vision, glare, and decreased contrast sensitivity. Cataract surgery is the most common treatment for this condition.
3. Glaucoma: A group of diseases characterized by increased pressure in the eye, leading to damage to the optic nerve and potential blindness if left untreated. Treatment includes medications, laser therapy, or surgery.
4. Age-related macular degeneration (AMD): A progressive condition that affects the central part of the retina called the macula, causing blurry vision and, in advanced stages, loss of central vision. Treatment may include anti-VEGF injections, laser therapy, or nutritional supplements.
5. Diabetic retinopathy: A complication of diabetes that affects the blood vessels in the retina, leading to bleeding, leakage, and potential blindness if left untreated. Treatment includes laser therapy, anti-VEGF injections, or surgery.
6. Retinal detachment: A separation of the retina from its underlying tissue, which can lead to vision loss if not treated promptly with surgery.
7. Amblyopia (lazy eye): A condition where one eye does not develop normal vision, often due to a misalignment or refractive error in childhood. Treatment includes correcting the underlying problem and encouraging the use of the weaker eye through patching or other methods.
8. Strabismus (crossed eyes): A misalignment of the eyes that can lead to amblyopia if not treated promptly with surgery, glasses, or other methods.
9. Corneal diseases: Conditions that affect the transparent outer layer of the eye, such as keratoconus, Fuchs' dystrophy, and infectious keratitis, which can lead to vision loss if not treated promptly.
10. Uveitis: Inflammation of the middle layer of the eye, which can cause vision loss if not treated promptly with anti-inflammatory medications or surgery.

Spinal injuries refer to damages or traumas that occur to the vertebral column, which houses and protects the spinal cord. These injuries can be caused by various factors such as trauma from accidents (motor vehicle, sports-related, falls, etc.), violence, or degenerative conditions like arthritis, disc herniation, or spinal stenosis.

Spinal injuries can result in bruising, fractures, dislocations, or compression of the vertebrae, which may then cause damage to the spinal cord and its surrounding tissues, nerves, and blood vessels. The severity of a spinal injury can range from mild, with temporary symptoms, to severe, resulting in permanent impairment or paralysis below the level of injury.

Symptoms of spinal injuries may include:
- Pain or stiffness in the neck or back
- Numbness, tingling, or weakness in the limbs
- Loss of bladder or bowel control
- Difficulty walking or maintaining balance
- Paralysis or loss of sensation below the level of injury
- In severe cases, respiratory problems and difficulty in breathing

Immediate medical attention is crucial for spinal injuries to prevent further damage and ensure proper treatment. Treatment options may include immobilization, surgery, medication, rehabilitation, and physical therapy.

A pressure transducer is a device that converts a mechanical force or pressure exerted upon it into an electrical signal which can be measured and standardized. In medical terms, pressure transducers are often used to measure various bodily pressures such as blood pressure, intracranial pressure, or intraocular pressure. These transducers typically consist of a diaphragm that is deflected by the pressure being measured, which then generates an electrical signal proportional to the amount of deflection. This signal can be processed and displayed in various ways, such as on a monitor or within an electronic medical record system.

A retinal perforation is a full-thickness break or hole in the retina, which is the light-sensitive tissue that lines the inner surface of the eye. This condition can lead to a serious complication called retinal detachment, where the retina separates from the underlying tissue, potentially resulting in vision loss if not promptly treated. Retinal perforations may be caused by trauma, certain eye conditions, or invasive eye procedures. Immediate medical attention is required for retinal perforations to prevent further damage and preserve vision.

A finger phalanx is the medical term for the bones that make up each finger, excluding the thumb. The fingers typically consist of three phalanges, named proximally (nearest to the hand), middle, and distally (farthest from the hand). Each phalanx has a base, body, and head. The base articulates with the preceding bone, while the head articulates with the following bone to form a joint. The thumb, having only two phalanges, consists of a proximal and distal phalanx.

"Beauty culture" is not a medical term, but it generally refers to the practices, customs, and products related to enhancing or maintaining physical appearance and attractiveness. This can include various aspects such as skin care, makeup, hair care, body modification (e.g., piercings, tattoos), fashion, fitness, and wellness.

While "beauty culture" is not a medical term per se, some of its components may fall under the purview of medical professionals, particularly dermatologists, plastic surgeons, and other healthcare providers who specialize in aesthetic medicine or cosmetic procedures. These professionals can provide guidance on safe practices and evidence-based treatments to help individuals achieve their desired appearance goals while minimizing risks and potential harm.

Postpartum hemorrhage (PPH) is a significant obstetrical complication defined as the loss of more than 500 milliliters of blood within the first 24 hours after childbirth, whether it occurs vaginally or through cesarean section. It can also be defined as a blood loss of more than 1000 mL in relation to the amount of blood lost during the procedure and the patient's baseline hematocrit level.

Postpartum hemorrhage is classified into two types: primary (early) PPH, which occurs within the first 24 hours after delivery, and secondary (late) PPH, which happens between 24 hours and 12 weeks postpartum. The most common causes of PPH are uterine atony, trauma to the genital tract, retained placental tissue, and coagulopathy.

Uterine atony is the inability of the uterus to contract effectively after delivery, leading to excessive bleeding. Trauma to the genital tract can occur during childbirth, causing lacerations or tears that may result in bleeding. Retained placental tissue refers to the remnants of the placenta left inside the uterus, which can cause infection and heavy bleeding. Coagulopathy is a condition where the blood has difficulty clotting, leading to uncontrolled bleeding.

Symptoms of PPH include excessive vaginal bleeding, low blood pressure, increased heart rate, decreased urine output, and signs of shock such as confusion, rapid breathing, and pale skin. Treatment for PPH includes uterotonics, manual removal of retained placental tissue, repair of genital tract lacerations, blood transfusions, and surgery if necessary.

Preventing PPH involves proper antenatal care, monitoring high-risk pregnancies, active management of the third stage of labor, and prompt recognition and treatment of any bleeding complications during or after delivery.

Microscopy is a technical field in medicine that involves the use of microscopes to observe structures and phenomena that are too small to be seen by the naked eye. It allows for the examination of samples such as tissues, cells, and microorganisms at high magnifications, enabling the detection and analysis of various medical conditions, including infections, diseases, and cellular abnormalities.

There are several types of microscopy used in medicine, including:

1. Light Microscopy: This is the most common type of microscopy, which uses visible light to illuminate and magnify samples. It can be used to examine a wide range of biological specimens, such as tissue sections, blood smears, and bacteria.
2. Electron Microscopy: This type of microscopy uses a beam of electrons instead of light to produce highly detailed images of samples. It is often used in research settings to study the ultrastructure of cells and tissues.
3. Fluorescence Microscopy: This technique involves labeling specific molecules within a sample with fluorescent dyes, allowing for their visualization under a microscope. It can be used to study protein interactions, gene expression, and cell signaling pathways.
4. Confocal Microscopy: This type of microscopy uses a laser beam to scan a sample point by point, producing high-resolution images with reduced background noise. It is often used in medical research to study the structure and function of cells and tissues.
5. Scanning Probe Microscopy: This technique involves scanning a sample with a physical probe, allowing for the measurement of topography, mechanical properties, and other characteristics at the nanoscale. It can be used in medical research to study the structure and function of individual molecules and cells.

The extracellular matrix (ECM) is a complex network of biomolecules that provides structural and biochemical support to cells in tissues and organs. It is composed of various proteins, glycoproteins, and polysaccharides, such as collagens, elastin, fibronectin, laminin, and proteoglycans. The ECM plays crucial roles in maintaining tissue architecture, regulating cell behavior, and facilitating communication between cells. It provides a scaffold for cell attachment, migration, and differentiation, and helps to maintain the structural integrity of tissues by resisting mechanical stresses. Additionally, the ECM contains various growth factors, cytokines, and chemokines that can influence cellular processes such as proliferation, survival, and differentiation. Overall, the extracellular matrix is essential for the normal functioning of tissues and organs, and its dysregulation can contribute to various pathological conditions, including fibrosis, cancer, and degenerative diseases.

... may refer to: Forces: Traction (engineering), adhesive friction or force Traction vector, in mechanics, the force per ... for example a car or a locomotive Railway electric traction, the use of electric motors to propel rail cars Traction engine, a ... a commercial blog/wiki software platform Traction (The Batman), 2nd episode of The Batman Traction (geology), a process which ... a non-profit activism organization in North Carolina Traction (album), by New Zealand band Supergroove Traction TeamPage, ...
The STS (Slishman Traction Splint) is another lateral monopole traction splint. It is lightweight and compact, however, it ... Carbon Fiber traction system. The basic principle is that one end of the traction splint is positioned against the hip, and ... the QD-4 Hare traction splint and the Donway traction splint Non-half-ring group, which includes the Sager splint, and the most ... "Dynamic Traction Method - Combining Movement and Traction for Intra-Articular Fractures of the Phalanges". Hand Clinics. 10 (2 ...
Glossary of traction engine terminology Vintage Spirit magazine Old Glory magazine Types of Steam Traction Engines The Traction ... and owning a traction engine National Traction Engine Trust East Anglian Traction Engine Society Engine Resources UK Traction ... The Traction Engine Register records the details of traction engines, steam road rollers, steam wagons, steam fire engines and ... Another traction engine, Fergus the Railway Traction Engine, also appears in Thomas & Friends, but unlike Trevor, Fergus runs ...
"Brush Traction buys Hunslet-Barclay". The Railway Magazine. No. 1281. January 2008. p. 12. "Wabtec buys Brush Traction". ... Venture Publications Wikimedia Commons has media related to Brush Traction. Brush Traction website Brush trams in Saint ... In 2007, Brush Traction acquired Hunslet-Barclay with a facility in Kilmarnock. It was rebranded Brush-Barclay. In February ... Brush Traction also manufactured locomotives for export: 800 bhp A1A-A1A main line diesel-electric locomotives for Ceylon in ...
... , Inc. is a software company headquartered in Providence, RI. It is the creator of Traction TeamPage software ... Traction Software's primary product is Traction TeamPage. TeamPage options include: TeamPage Cloud Option - Managed AWS ... Traction Software raised a second round in 2002 with participation from In-Q-Tel, the Slater Fund, and private investors. ... Traction Software was named to KMWorld's 100 Companies that Matter in Knowledge Management for nine consecutive years through ...
GEC Alsthom Traction Ltd became Alstom Traction Ltd on 22 June 1998 and the company name survived to 19 August 2008, although ... GEC Traction Limited was a British industrial company formed in 1972 which designed and manufactured electric traction ... GEC Traction occupied West Works (11 acres on the west side of Strand Road) from 1968. Both traction control equipment and ... For the greater part of the 18 years in which the Company existed under the name GEC Traction, it was the leading supplier of ...
A traction substation, traction current converter plant, rectifier station or traction power substation (TPSS) is an electrical ... using DC for traction power. The three-phase voltage from the local utility is stepped down and rectified in the traction ... where one plant directly supplies the overhead lines or third rail of the traction system, with no feed into a traction current ... Traction powerstation Trolleybus Railway electrification system (Articles lacking sources from December 2009, All articles ...
There are two types of traction: skin traction and skeletal traction. They are used in orthopedic medicine. Traction procedures ... Dunlop's traction - humeral fractures in children Russell's traction Although the use of traction has decreased over the years ... "Split Russell's / Buck Traction" synd/2984 at Who Named It? - Bryant's traction "Physio-pedia about another spinal traction ... The suggested delivery of traction therapy was found to be mechanical traction with continuous traction. Recent guidelines have ...
"Deconstructing a traction motor - Associated Rewinds (Ireland) Limited" Image of a nose mounted traction motor on an R46 New ... Otherwise "identical" traction motors can have significantly different load rating. A traction motor geared for freight use ... It is now standard practice to provide one traction motor driving each axle through a gear drive. Usually, the traction motor ... Coney Island Truck Repair shop; many pictures regarding traction motors Detached truck with Traction Motors. (Articles with ...
... , Light and Power Company (BTLP) (locally known as La canadiense in Spanish and La canadenca in Catalan, "The ... The Belgian stockholders in Barcelona Traction lost money and wanted to sue in the International Court of Justice, but in the ... This was exemplified in his 1948 takeover of the Barcelona Traction, Light, and Power Company (BTLP) for a small fraction of ...
" - Supergroove - Traction". Hung Medien. Retrieved 20 October 2022. ^ Traction on allmusicguide a b Amplifier article ... Traction is the first album by New Zealand rock band Supergroove. It was released in 1994 by RCA Records[1], debuting at number ... " - Supergroove - Traction". Hung Medien. Retrieved 20 October 2022. " ...
... is a Swiss volunteer railway preservation group based at Pré-Petitjean on the line of the Chemins de fer du Jura ( ... List of heritage railways and funiculars in Switzerland (Articles lacking sources from September 2023 ...
... usable traction = coefficient of traction x normal force Traction between two surfaces depends on several factors: Material ... Traction also varies with contaminants. A layer of water in the contact patch can cause a substantial loss of traction. This is ... Traction, traction force or tractive force is a force used to generate motion between a body and a tangential surface, through ... The coefficient of traction (also, the "coefficient of friction") is defined as the usable force for traction divided by the ...
... shifts its base to Washwood Heath Rail issue 629 21 October 2009 page 26 BARS acquires Hanson Traction to boost ... Hanson Traction's core depot was the former Alstom facility at Washwood Heath in the West Midlands, which it began using in ... Hanson Traction also own class 31s No. 31190 & No. 31602 plus class 50 No. 50008. 31190 has been used mainly on route learning ... Hanson Traction was founded by IT entrepreneur Garcia J Hanson in 2006. The company purchased Neil Boden's preserved class 56, ...
... may refer to: Traction (orthopedics) Spinal decompression Spinal precautions Traction in spinal cord injury ... This disambiguation page lists articles associated with the title Spinal traction. If an internal link led you here, you may ...
... is a form of orthopedic traction. It is mainly used in young children who have fractures of the femur or ... "Traction Guidelines" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2009-09-13. Retrieved 2007-07-01. v t e (Orthopedic traction, ... The patient's body provides the counter-traction. " ...
A traction power station is a power station that produces only traction current, that is, electric current used for railways, ... Hz traction power for the Northeast Corridor in the United States Railway electrification system Traction substation Traction ... Pure traction power stations are rare and there are many more power stations that generate current for other purposes, such as ... The only nuclear power station that produces traction current directly with the world's largest generator for single phase AC. ...
BorgWarner completed the acquisition of the Traction Systems division on 1 February 2011. Haldex Traction Systems was ... Haldex Traction is a manufacturer of intelligent all-wheel drive (AWD) systems, founded in Sweden. Since invention of Gen I in ... On 17 December 2010, American-based BorgWarner announced that it had signed an agreement to acquire the Traction Systems ... "Instant Traction" in documentation by Volvo. Saab introduced a combination of Haldex Couplings on its 9-3 Turbo-X in late 2007 ...
... Release 5.0 first shipped in June 2010 with Traction's "Proteus" user interface based on Google Web Toolkit ( ... Traction TeamPage Release 5.1 first shipped 14 Dec 2010 with action tracking integrated as part of Traction's social software ... Traction TeamPage is a proprietary enterprise 2.0 social software product developed by Traction Software Inc. of Providence, ... In July 2002, in an InfoWorld test center review of Traction TeamPage Release 2.8, Jon Udell of InfoWorld wrote "(Traction) can ...
In 2006, Traction Corporation started a creative staffing agency called SubTraction. In 2009, Traction acquired 8 Speed ... Traction is an interactive advertising agency based in San Francisco. In 2014, they were named Independent Agency of the Year ... "Traction Media launches Live Suite for delivering a live video stream across many sites - MarTech Today". MarTech Today. 2017- ... "Top Agencies - Traction. Runner-up, Interactive Agency," Archived 2011-03-16 at the Wayback Machine BtoB Magazine, March 8, ...
... Limited manufactured Rutland motor lorries at Rutland Works, Vulcan Way, New Addington Surrey. The lorries - ...
Traction is where large stones or boulders in the river's load are rolled along by the force of the river. Helm, Janet and ... Traction is the geologic process whereby a current transports larger, heavier rocks by rolling or sliding them along the bottom ... The actual current carries the sediment load in traction and saltation flows, whereas downslope movement under the force of ... How a river's load is transported by traction - Geography animated v t e (Webarchive template wayback links, Sedimentology, All ...
Traction was founded in 2005 by Lanya Shapiro and became a project of the San Francisco-based Tides Center in early 2007. The ... Traction's goal is to inform, inspire and connect a growing social network of left-leaning 20- and 30-somethings. The ... Traction is a progressive non-profit organization promoting civic engagement, based in the city of Durham, North Carolina. ... Official website The Independent Weekly's Best of the Triangle issue -- Durham: Cool, gritty, grand and growing Traction and ...
... causes a recession of the hairline due to chronic traction, which is characterized by a fringe along the ... It is caused by a combination of too much stress (traction) on the hair and the use of harsh relaxers and dyes. Traction ... Traction alopecia is mechanical in cause, rather than androgenic. Traction alopecia is a substantial risk in hair weaves, which ... Traction alopecia is a type of alopecia or hair loss caused by a chronic pulling force being applied to the hair. It commonly ...
Traction Company Limited Yorkshire Traction absorbs local fleets Commercial Motor 25 October 1968 page 33 Yorkshire Traction ... Swinton Traction Company and County Motors. As part of the privatisation of the National Bus Company, Yorkshire Traction was ... "Sovereign and Traction Sell Up in London". Buses (573): 5. December 2002. Stagecoach buys Yorkshire traction Archived 22 ... Swinton Traction Company Limited formerly Barnsley & District Electric Traction Company Limited Companies House extract company ...
... (BUT) was a manufacturer of railway equipment and trolleybuses. It was established in 1946 as a joint ... British United Traction was established in 1946 when AEC and Leyland amalgamated their trolleybus interests. Neither had ... 9611T 9612T 9613T 9641T RETB1 / LETB1 British United Traction was a major supplier of diesel engines for British Rail's first- ... Media related to British United Traction at Wikimedia Commons (Articles with short description, Short description matches ...
The Singapore Traction Company (STC) was a tram, trolleybus and motor bus operator in Singapore from 1925 to 1971. Established ... "Singapore Traction. Detailed Report Of Appeal. Not governed by former case". The Straits Times. Singapore. 18 May 1935. p. 9. ... In April 1971, with the adoption of the Wilson Report by the government, the Traction Ordinance was repealed and the STC had to ... "Singapore Traction Co". The Straits Times. Singapore. 7 March 1925. p. 11. Retrieved 3 September 2018. "Trolley Buses". The ...
The Batavia Traction Company was an electric streetcar railway that served the city of Batavia, New York. The tracks were ... Any ideas for expansion were soon forgotten, and the line was sold to the Batavia Traction Company in 1914. Struggling for many ...
"Electric Traction Ltd: Suppliers of AC Traction Solutions". Retrieved 24 November 2017. "ELECTRIC ... Media related to Electric Traction Limited at Wikimedia Commons Electric Traction Limited website (Use dmy dates from January ... Electric Traction Limited was a British electric locomotive hire company. It operated some former British Rail Class 86 and 87 ... Electric Traction Limited was contracted to supply 86101, 86401 and 87002, primarily to assist with stock and shunting moves ...
... (TTB) is an independent suspension system for front drive axles in four-wheel drive Ford F-Series trucks and ... Twin-Traction Beam was invented by John A. Richardson and Donald G. Wheatley of Ford Motor Company covered by US patent ...
The STS (Slishman Traction Splint) is another lateral monopole traction splint. It is lightweight and compact, however, it ... Carbon Fiber traction system. The basic principle is that one end of the traction splint is positioned against the hip, and ... the QD-4 Hare traction splint and the Donway traction splint Non-half-ring group, which includes the Sager splint, and the most ... "Dynamic Traction Method - Combining Movement and Traction for Intra-Articular Fractures of the Phalanges". Hand Clinics. 10 (2 ...
Tractions enterprise Weblog system gets a grip on corporate KM ... Getting Traction. Tractions enterprise Weblog system gets a ... With Traction Softwares KM solution, content flowing through all these channels is easily captured by the Java-based Traction ... Traction says youll be up and running in 15 minutes, and that was true of our Windows XP installation. We spent another 15 ... Conversely, we told Traction to send e-mail digests summarizing project activity to team members. This two-way e-mail flow is ...
Traction means pulling on part of the body. ... Traction is also used to keep a group of muscles (such as the ... Traction means pulling on part of the body.. Most often, traction uses devices such as weights and pulleys to put tension on a ...
Editors note: Traction Watch is a new column focused obsessively on growth, and is a companion to the DEMO Traction conference ...
Halo-gravity traction is a way to pull the head and spine upward. Doctors use it to treat curvature of the spine and to prepare ... Is Halo-Gravity Traction Painful?. Kids may have some pain for the first few days of halo-gravity traction or when more weights ... What Is Halo-Gravity Traction?. Halo-gravity traction is a way to pull the head and spine upward carefully, applying a slow ... Why Is Halo-Gravity Traction Done?. For kids with scoliosis or kyphosis, halo-gravity traction is a way to stretch the spine ...
Days of owning a car could be fading away, thanks to alternative car sharing services such as Maven and Book by Cadillac.
... , Weather-Ready Nation , Getting Traction: Tips for ...
While its too soon to talk about potential rivals to Facebook, some interesting new social networks have been gaining traction ...
Fractions gain traction with real-life models. Date:. August 27, 2013. Source:. Concordia University. Summary:. For children to ... "Fractions gain traction with real-life models." ScienceDaily. /. releases. /. 2013. /. 08. /. ... "Fractions gain traction with real-life models." ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 27 August 2013. , /. releases ... 2013, August 27). Fractions gain traction with real-life models. ScienceDaily. Retrieved September 30, 2023 from www. ...
This solution offers the perfect combination for processing speed and power efficiency to address traction motors that have ... and RAA227063 3-phase smart driver offer the perfect combination for processing speed and power efficiency to address traction ...
Open is really gaining traction. The kit price is a little expensive @$58 USD IMO. But its easier than chasing down the parts ...
Pediatric Telemedicine Gains Traction During Pandemic. Analysis , By John Commins , May 18, 2021 ...
18-inch 8-Blade DPA Cutting Unit, Reelmaster 3550 Series Traction Unit (N° de référence 03485) ... 18-inch 11-Blade DPA Cutting Unit, Reelmaster 3550 Series Traction Uni (N° de référence 03486) ... Cutting Unit Lock Kit, Reelmaster 3555 or 3575 Traction Unit (N° de référence 138-6938) ... White Universal Sunshade, Groundsmaster or Reelmaster Traction Units o (N° de référence 30669) ...
EU Light Kit, Groundsmaster 4300-D or Reelmaster 5010-H Traction Unit (Peça n.º 31579) ... Work Lights Kit, Groundsmaster and Reelmaster Traction Units with Univ (Peça n.º 138-2700) ... Operator Cooling Fan, Groundsmaster or Reelmaster Traction Unit with U (Peça n.º 03247) ... Air Ride Seat Suspension Kit, Reelmaster 5010 Series Traction Unit (Peça n.º 03667) ...
Get Your Ford LCF Brakes and Traction Control from We provide the right products at the right prices. ...
My biggest problem is traction at the boat ramp, be it concrete or dirt at the dams.... ... Improve traction in Hilux 2wd.. Submitted: Saturday, Sep 03, 2011 at 12:16. ThreadID: 88818 Views:3702 Replies:4 FollowUps:1 ... My biggest problem is traction at the boat ramp, be it concrete or dirt at the dams. Occasional dirt road use is not really a ... problem, however, some extra traction certainly would not go astray.. I am considering fittiing either a Limited Slip Diff or a ...
Choose the right medical traction equipment to equip your facility or rehab. Shop & save at ... Cervical traction equipment aid in the treatment of neck injuries. ...
AR Steel Mill Proposal Gains Traction. Gov. Mike Beebes plan to provide $125 million in state financing to help a new company ...
Buy the Body Glove Black Traction Case - LG Phoenix 4 online at Make good devices great with name-brand accessories & ...
Find the best Kahtoola MICROspikes Footwear Traction at L.L.Bean. Our high quality Mens Accessories are thoughtfully designed ... These easy-to-use traction spikes make winter more accessible and provide confident performance on icy trails. A dozen ... 12 3/8 hardened stainless steel spikes on each foot for traction on snow, ice, and frozen terrain. ... 12 3/8 hardened stainless steel spikes on each foot for traction on snow, ice, and frozen terrain. ...
Halo-gravity traction is a method of gently stretching and straightening a compressed or severely curved spine. Learn more from ... Can my child come out of traction?. Children can come out of traction for a short time. They can come out of traction for ... What is halo-gravity traction?. Halo-gravity traction is a method of gently stretching and straightening a severely compressed ... How long does a child remain in halo-gravity traction?. The amount of time a child will spend in halo traction depends on how ...
Theres so much out there to see, you kind of have to get on your bike to see it," said Karen Hester. Over the past two years, she has led bike tours of East Bay co-housing communities and a tasting tour connected to the Eat Real Festival. The four- to ten-mile rides are flat, and the routes stick to bike trails and backstreets whenever possible. Occasionally, a serious cyclist shows up, but for the most part her tours attract casual riders and some who rarely ride.. For the event organizer and wedding planner, bike tours are "a little sideline thing that Ive added to my repertoire." They combine her interests in co-housing and eating locally, and when she considers the act of sharing them with others, she says, "Its really like a piece of art.". Other events have incorporated bike tours, including the Secret Gardens of the East Bay and Build it Green Home Tour. The popular Oaklandish Tour De Taco is on hiatus at the moment because its guide, Cyrus Farivar of, moved to ...
Home » Rehabilitation Equipment & Products » Traction Therapy » Cervical & Neck Traction Units » 100ft Traction Therapy Cord ...
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We also benefit from a system tests facility specially designed for railways traction, where we hold the traction system test ( ... Ingeteam will supply the electric traction systems for 12 locomotives and 8 EMUs. The traction equipment, designed and ... All those will allow to test the traction chain in real operation conditions and to model the system in order to optimize all ... Our aim is to work closely with our customers to supply the optimal traction system for railways vehicle. During this process ...
  • A traction splint most commonly refers to a splinting device that uses straps attaching over the pelvis or hip as an anchor, a metal rod(s) to mimic normal bone stability and limb length, and a mechanical device to apply traction (used in an attempt to reduce pain, realign the limb, and minimize vascular and neurological complication) to the limb. (
  • A dynamic traction splint has also been developed for intra-articular fractures of the phalanges of the hand. (
  • Use of a traction splint while other fractures in the leg exist will cause the weaker fracture site to pull apart and not the targeted femur fracture. (
  • The basic principle is that one end of the traction splint is positioned against the hip, and pushes upward against the pelvic bone. (
  • A strap around the foot and ankle is connected to the other end of the splint, and tightened to counteract the muscle tension and produce traction. (
  • The modified Thomas splint adapted the original Thomas splint to include a traction screw and foot plate and limb support built into the splint body. (
  • The Hare traction splint is a further adaptation of the Thomas splint. (
  • The Donway traction splint is a pneumatic splint that can be applied to a patient in situ. (
  • The STS (Slishman Traction Splint) is another lateral monopole traction splint. (
  • Remove the traction splint as soon as possible when definitive care is available. (
  • Are Robotics Startups Gaining Traction? (
  • While it's too soon to talk about potential rivals to Facebook, some interesting new social networks have been gaining traction over the last couple months, and they just might give the incumbent something to think about -- or at least targets to acquire. (
  • Also western COVID-19 sceptics are producing videos that are reaching people and gaining traction here. (
  • An ankle strap may be fashioned from cloth, and tied or twisted to apply traction force. (
  • The Kendrick traction device (KTD) eliminates the need for leg-raising and unnecessary rolling of the patient, and can be easily applied to both pediatric and adult applications. (
  • The Blitz Spike is an ultralight traction device weighing in at only 57 grams. (
  • Ensure adequate traction is applied by using the traction scale if available on the specific device. (
  • The use of traction splints to treat complete long bone fractures of the femur is common in prehospital care. (
  • citation needed] Traction splints are most commonly used for fractures of the femur (or upper leg bone). (
  • All agree that traction splints should only be applied when there are no fractures of the pelvis or knee and the fracture has not broken through the skin with bone visible. (
  • The KTD does not afford the rotational stability normally seen in long bone traction splints. (
  • Femoral traction splints are used to temporarily stabilize and possibly reduce femoral shaft fractures. (
  • Femoral traction splints are designed to apply traction to the lower portion of the leg, distal to the fracture, usually by pulling the ankle away from a stabilized pelvis. (
  • Traction splints may also reduce and/or decrease pain and bleeding due to femur fractures, particularly those that are shortened. (
  • Femoral traction splints are used to stabilize femur fractures prior to definitive care (eg, operative fixation). (
  • Traction splints may not be as effective on proximal femur fractures. (
  • Some children can have spinal fusion surgery without halo traction. (
  • After halo traction, children usually have spinal fusion surgery to permanently stabilize the spine. (
  • After her spine started to pinch her spinal cord, Gracie spent four weeks in halo traction. (
  • In children with severe spinal compression or curvature, halo traction reduces the risk of damaging the nerves or soft tissues that surround and support the spine during surgery. (
  • While it is not a replacement for surgery, halo traction can help surgeons correct spine problems through less invasive surgery. (
  • By stretching and lengthening the neck, halo traction often relieves symptoms caused by a spinal deformity. (
  • The amount of time a child will spend in halo traction depends on how severely their spine is curved or compressed. (
  • Children stay in the hospital the entire time they're in halo traction so doctors can monitor their progress and adjust the weight as needed. (
  • It offers a proximal point of traction, rather than distal, making it better suited for tight transports in ambulances, helicopters or baskets. (
  • Although traction is beneficial to femur fractures, it can be harmful to fractures or ligament injury distal to the femur fracture. (
  • The treatment proposed involved the surgical removal of the mesiodens, bonding of orthodontic accessories to the impacted incisors crowns followed by orthodontic traction with a removable orthodontic appliance. (
  • These 3 impacted and stacked teeth were sequentially aligned after surgical exposure and orthodontic traction , and the surrounding dentigerous cyst healed simultaneously. (
  • For kids with scoliosis or kyphosis, halo-gravity traction is a way to stretch the spine slowly into a straighter position. (
  • Use adequate analgesia (usually IV opioids) because traction splinting of femur fractures is painful. (
  • Traction devices for sustained outdoor use slip over existing footwear to help prevent slips. (
  • The pole is extended to supply the needed traction, and then both legs are wrapped with "tensor cravats" (strap-like bandages, in this application usually elastic, to supply tension. (
  • Most often, traction uses devices such as weights and pulleys to put tension on a displaced bone or joint, such as a dislocated shoulder. (
  • Traction-assisted internal NPWT provides a safe and effective alternative to reduce wound burden and facilitate definitive closure in cases where delayed reconstruction of high-tension wounds is planned. (
  • Whole-body vibration in heavy equipment operators of a front-end loader: role of task exposure and tire configuration with and without traction chains. (
  • INTRODUCTION: This study measured whole-body vibration (WBV) exposures in front-end loader operators, and evaluated the effects of traction chains and work tasks on their WBV exposures. (
  • IMPACT ON INDUSTRY: In order to reduce a heavy equipment vehicle (HEV) operator's chances for developing low back pain , this study provides information that health and safety professionals can use to reduce whole-body vibration (WBV) exposures when operating front-end wheel loaders with traction chains. (
  • Evaluating the influence of traction chains on whole-body vibration exposures among professional loader operators. (
  • Focusing on comfort, support and increased grip, FCS Traction keeps your foot connected to the board so you can push hard against your fins for maximum speed and drive. (
  • EXOspikes feature 12 spikes per foot, each with three separate levels of traction: tungsten carbide tips for ice, aluminum steps for grip on uneven surfaces, and TPU lugs for traction in loose terrain. (
  • These easy-to-use traction spikes make winter more accessible and provide confident performance on icy trails. (
  • 12 3/8' hardened stainless steel spikes on each foot for traction on snow, ice, and frozen terrain. (
  • Fourteen spikes provide full underfoot traction with five in the heel and nine in the forefoot. (
  • This model only has spikes in the forefoot, but the six spikes have the same material construction and 8mm depth as the Distance Spike, providing similar traction on snow and ice, and maintaining underfoot stability on rock and other hard surfaces, including the road. (
  • Halo-gravity traction is a way to pull the head and spine upward carefully, applying a slow stretch to the spine. (
  • Hankook Dynapro MT2 RT05 Traction M/T Tires Tires Light truck drivers, the Dynapro MT2 tires are specially designed for on and off-road adventures. (
  • This winter, we've tested three new products on the market: two of them are part of the first-ever traction line from Black Diamond and the other is from Kahtoola, a well-established name in this category. (
  • With Traction Software's KM solution, content flowing through all these channels is easily captured by the Java-based Traction Server, which can be best described as an enterprise Weblog system. (
  • Traction cord to be used with devices for traction therapy. (
  • Wound temporization with traction-assisted internal negative pressure wound therapy (NPWT), using bridging retention sutures, can minimize the effects of edema and elastic recoil that contribute to progressive tissue retraction over time. (
  • Kids may have some pain for the first few days of halo-gravity traction or when more weights are added. (
  • Although these have the bulkiest feel of any of the harnesses in our testing, they became our favorite for their ability to provide confident traction in varying terrain. (
  • A companion Windows tool, the Traction Instant Publisher, embeds the Microsoft DHTML edit control that it uses to offer basic WYSIWYG editing of new entries it posts to the server by way of a remote API. (
  • Traction Watch is a new column focused obsessively on growth, and is a companion to the DEMO Traction conference series, which brings together high-growth startups with high-potential customers. (
  • Successfully Added Pet Hamster Traction Strap Outdoor Training Soft Cotton Clothes Rope for Hamster Guinea Pig Blue L to your Shopping Cart. (
  • The minute you get behind the wheel with these tires on your vehicle, you'll feel the difference with improved steering and comfort on the road and increased traction on mud and rocks. (
  • The traction equipment, designed and manufactured by Ingeteam, w. (
  • Massage consists primarily of hand movements, some of which may be based on traction (defined as the act of drawing or pulling or as the application of a pulling force, either with equipment or manually). (
  • A review of the film 'Finding Traction' about ultrarunner Nikki Kimball's Long Trail record attempt by filmmaker Jaime Jacobsen. (
  • The CT-6 was introduced in the 21st century and utilizes a 4:1 pulley system to achieve precise and powerful, when necessary, traction. (
  • Traction of impacted and stacked maxillary anterior teeth with precise biomechanics followed by torque control using gate spring. (
  • Kids stay in the hospital during halo-gravity traction. (
  • It also provides a more comfortable ankle strap and a small winch that makes it much easier to apply and adjust traction force. (
  • Apply longitudinal traction on the ankle to straighten and lengthen the shortened leg to the length of the contralateral leg. (
  • The YakTrax Pro keeps you moving, employing a unique shaped-edge coil design to provide unparalleled traction in snow and ice. (
  • In certain climates, winter running requires traction beyond what even the grippiest trail shoes can provide. (
  • Absolutely love this traction pad it looks awesome on my board and feels great under my foot. (
  • Is there any way to turn off the VSC and/or traction control on either of these vehicles so I can go and fetch my small utility trailer from the barn without asking a neighbor to do it for me? (
  • Pulling the fuse for the traction control set-up causes it to drop into 'limp home mode' I've heard so I've not yet tried that. (
  • I have pulled fuses from under the hood for both the traction control and VSC, you have to pull two of them to make it work. (
  • All those will allow to test the traction chain in real operation conditions and to model the system in order to optimize all the elements, including the control system. (
  • Cooperation with the customer starts with project´s definition and ends with an optimal traction solution. (
  • How does halo-gravity traction work? (
  • Our aim is to work closely with our customers to supply the optimal traction system for railways vehicle. (
  • CT-EMS, Carbon Fiber traction system. (
  • Knowledge to specify all the elements of the traction system. (
  • This makes it the perfect spike to throw into a pack in case extra traction is required, particularly in mountain ultras where the course takes you over high passes, but you still want to travel light. (
  • Traction is also used to keep a group of muscles (such as the neck muscles) stretched to reduce muscle spasms . (
  • They can come out of traction for showers, repositioning, using the toilet, changing clothes, and for daily medical care such as respiratory treatments. (
  • Each of these treatments has some scientific support to back its use in certain cases or conditions, and from a logical perspective, one can assume that some middle ground exists for the application of massage, traction, or manipulation in a cautious and controlled manner within the medical paradigm. (
  • The same concept should be applied to the investigation of massage and traction to determine how to best use these treatments in the complete care of a patient. (
  • Designed and tested in collaboration with the world's best surfers, the FCS Athlete Series Traction range has rider-specific features for the ultimate in performance. (
  • Occasional dirt road use is not really a problem, however, some extra traction certainly would not go astray. (
  • By using a thinner EVA, and incorporating extra perforations and defined channels through the arch, Julian Wilson's signature pad focuses on increased traction and reduced weight. (
  • The rawness and honesty that make Finding Traction difficult to watch are also what make it shine. (
  • Ensure adequate traction by frequently assessing pain relief and length of extremity compared to uninjured side. (
  • To give users easy access to our series of how-to items, for example, we posted a bulletin containing the text [[link :howto 'howto' items]] that Traction rewrote as a link, labeled "howto items," that invokes the query and returns the set of items within the current time slice. (
  • Its compact and light design, along with its greatly improved traction method, had greatly enhanced its popularity. (