Arthroplasty, Replacement: Partial or total replacement of a joint.Joints: Also known as articulations, these are points of connection between the ends of certain separate bones, or where the borders of other bones are juxtaposed.Joint Prosthesis: Prostheses used to partially or totally replace a human or animal joint. (from UMDNS, 1999)Arthroplasty, Replacement, Knee: Replacement of the knee joint.Arthroplasty, Replacement, Hip: Replacement of the hip joint.Knee Joint: A synovial hinge connection formed between the bones of the FEMUR; TIBIA; and PATELLA.Polyethylenes: Synthetic thermoplastics that are tough, flexible, inert, and resistant to chemicals and electrical current. They are often used as biocompatible materials for prostheses and implants.Joint DiseasesOsteoarthritis, Hip: Noninflammatory degenerative disease of the hip joint which usually appears in late middle or old age. It is characterized by growth or maturational disturbances in the femoral neck and head, as well as acetabular dysplasia. A dominant symptom is pain on weight-bearing or motion.Medical Device Recalls: Removal of a MEDICAL DEVICE from the market due to a problem occurring in the manufacture or distribution of the product.Hip Joint: The joint that is formed by the articulation of the head of FEMUR and the ACETABULUM of the PELVIS.Prosthesis-Related Infections: Infections resulting from the implantation of prosthetic devices. The infections may be acquired from intraoperative contamination (early) or hematogenously acquired from other sites (late).Arthroplasty: Surgical reconstruction of a joint to relieve pain or restore motion.Osteoarthritis, Knee: Noninflammatory degenerative disease of the knee joint consisting of three large categories: conditions that block normal synchronous movement, conditions that produce abnormal pathways of motion, and conditions that cause stress concentration resulting in changes to articular cartilage. (Crenshaw, Campbell's Operative Orthopaedics, 8th ed, p2019)Knee Prosthesis: Replacement for a knee joint.Osteolysis: Dissolution of bone that particularly involves the removal or loss of calcium.Finger Joint: The articulation between the head of one phalanx and the base of the one distal to it, in each finger.Osteoarthritis: A progressive, degenerative joint disease, the most common form of arthritis, especially in older persons. The disease is thought to result not from the aging process but from biochemical changes and biomechanical stresses affecting articular cartilage. In the foreign literature it is often called osteoarthrosis deformans.Hip Prosthesis: Replacement for a hip joint.Polyethylene: A vinyl polymer made from ethylene. It can be branched or linear. Branched or low-density polyethylene is tough and pliable but not to the same degree as linear polyethylene. Linear or high-density polyethylene has a greater hardness and tensile strength. Polyethylene is used in a variety of products, including implants and prostheses.Prosthesis Failure: Malfunction of implantation shunts, valves, etc., and prosthesis loosening, migration, and breaking.Minority Health: The concept covering the physical and mental conditions of members of minority groups.Orthopedics: A surgical specialty which utilizes medical, surgical, and physical methods to treat and correct deformities, diseases, and injuries to the skeletal system, its articulations, and associated structures.Operating Rooms: Facilities equipped for performing surgery.Modems: Equipment that sends digital information over telephone lines. The term Modem is a short form of the phrase modulator-demodulator.Diagnostic Techniques, Urological: Methods and procedures for the diagnosis of diseases or dysfunction of the urinary tract or its organs or demonstration of its physiological processes.Reoperation: A repeat operation for the same condition in the same patient due to disease progression or recurrence, or as followup to failed previous surgery.Ankle Joint: The joint that is formed by the inferior articular and malleolar articular surfaces of the TIBIA; the malleolar articular surface of the FIBULA; and the medial malleolar, lateral malleolar, and superior surfaces of the TALUS.Tarsal Joints: The articulations between the various TARSAL BONES. This does not include the ANKLE JOINT which consists of the articulations between the TIBIA; FIBULA; and TALUS.Arthroplasty, Replacement, Elbow: Replacement of the ELBOW JOINT.Wrist Joint: The joint that is formed by the distal end of the RADIUS, the articular disc of the distal radioulnar joint, and the proximal row of CARPAL BONES; (SCAPHOID BONE; LUNATE BONE; triquetral bone).Joint Capsule: The sac enclosing a joint. It is composed of an outer fibrous articular capsule and an inner SYNOVIAL MEMBRANE.Range of Motion, Articular: The distance and direction to which a bone joint can be extended. Range of motion is a function of the condition of the joints, muscles, and connective tissues involved. Joint flexibility can be improved through appropriate MUSCLE STRETCHING EXERCISES.Arthritis, Rheumatoid: A chronic systemic disease, primarily of the joints, marked by inflammatory changes in the synovial membranes and articular structures, widespread fibrinoid degeneration of the collagen fibers in mesenchymal tissues, and by atrophy and rarefaction of bony structures. Etiology is unknown, but autoimmune mechanisms have been implicated.Sacroiliac Joint: The immovable joint formed by the lateral surfaces of the SACRUM and ILIUM.ArthritisArthralgia: Pain in the joint.Surgery Department, Hospital: Hospital department which administers all departmental functions and the provision of surgical diagnostic and therapeutic services.Treatment Outcome: Evaluation undertaken to assess the results or consequences of management and procedures used in combating disease in order to determine the efficacy, effectiveness, safety, and practicability of these interventions in individual cases or series.Postoperative Complications: Pathologic processes that affect patients after a surgical procedure. They may or may not be related to the disease for which the surgery was done, and they may or may not be direct results of the surgery.Antibiotic Prophylaxis: Use of antibiotics before, during, or after a diagnostic, therapeutic, or surgical procedure to prevent infectious complications.Joint Instability: Lack of stability of a joint or joint prosthesis. Factors involved are intra-articular disease and integrity of extra-articular structures such as joint capsule, ligaments, and muscles.Temporomandibular Joint Disorders: A variety of conditions affecting the anatomic and functional characteristics of the temporomandibular joint. Factors contributing to the complexity of temporomandibular diseases are its relation to dentition and mastication and the symptomatic effects in other areas which account for referred pain to the joint and the difficulties in applying traditional diagnostic procedures to temporomandibular joint pathology where tissue is rarely obtained and x-rays are often inadequate or nonspecific. Common diseases are developmental abnormalities, trauma, subluxation, luxation, arthritis, and neoplasia. (From Thoma's Oral Pathology, 6th ed, pp577-600)Materials Testing: The testing of materials and devices, especially those used for PROSTHESES AND IMPLANTS; SUTURES; TISSUE ADHESIVES; etc., for hardness, strength, durability, safety, efficacy, and biocompatibility.Metatarsophalangeal Joint: The articulation between a metatarsal bone (METATARSAL BONES) and a phalanx.Surgical Wound Infection: Infection occurring at the site of a surgical incision.Foot Joints: The articulations extending from the ANKLE distally to the TOES. These include the ANKLE JOINT; TARSAL JOINTS; METATARSOPHALANGEAL JOINT; and TOE JOINT.Osseointegration: The growth action of bone tissue as it assimilates surgically implanted devices or prostheses to be used as either replacement parts (e.g., hip) or as anchors (e.g., endosseous dental implants).Retrospective Studies: Studies used to test etiologic hypotheses in which inferences about an exposure to putative causal factors are derived from data relating to characteristics of persons under study or to events or experiences in their past. The essential feature is that some of the persons under study have the disease or outcome of interest and their characteristics are compared with those of unaffected persons.Polymethyl Methacrylate: Polymerized methyl methacrylate monomers which are used as sheets, moulding, extrusion powders, surface coating resins, emulsion polymers, fibers, inks, and films (From International Labor Organization, 1983). This material is also used in tooth implants, bone cements, and hard corneal contact lenses.Recovery of Function: A partial or complete return to the normal or proper physiologic activity of an organ or part following disease or trauma.Bone Cements: Adhesives used to fix prosthetic devices to bones and to cement bone to bone in difficult fractures. Synthetic resins are commonly used as cements. A mixture of monocalcium phosphate, monohydrate, alpha-tricalcium phosphate, and calcium carbonate with a sodium phosphate solution is also a useful bone paste.Shoulder Joint: The articulation between the head of the HUMERUS and the glenoid cavity of the SCAPULA.Prospective Studies: Observation of a population for a sufficient number of persons over a sufficient number of years to generate incidence or mortality rates subsequent to the selection of the study group.Prostheses and Implants: Artificial substitutes for body parts, and materials inserted into tissue for functional, cosmetic, or therapeutic purposes. Prostheses can be functional, as in the case of artificial arms and legs, or cosmetic, as in the case of an artificial eye. Implants, all surgically inserted or grafted into the body, tend to be used therapeutically. IMPLANTS, EXPERIMENTAL is available for those used experimentally.Titanium: A dark-gray, metallic element of widespread distribution but occurring in small amounts; atomic number, 22; atomic weight, 47.90; symbol, Ti; specific gravity, 4.5; used for fixation of fractures. (Dorland, 28th ed)Time Factors: Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.Pain Measurement: Scales, questionnaires, tests, and other methods used to assess pain severity and duration in patients or experimental animals to aid in diagnosis, therapy, and physiological studies.Temporomandibular Joint Disc: A plate of fibrous tissue that divides the temporomandibular joint into an upper and lower cavity. The disc is attached to the articular capsule and moves forward with the condyle in free opening and protrusion. (Boucher's Clinical Dental Terminology, 4th ed, p92)Acromioclavicular Joint: The gliding joint formed by the outer extremity of the CLAVICLE and the inner margin of the acromion process of the SCAPULA.Ontario: A province of Canada lying between the provinces of Manitoba and Quebec. Its capital is Toronto. It takes its name from Lake Ontario which is said to represent the Iroquois oniatariio, beautiful lake. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p892 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p391)Severity of Illness Index: Levels within a diagnostic group which are established by various measurement criteria applied to the seriousness of a patient's disorder.Pain: An unpleasant sensation induced by noxious stimuli which are detected by NERVE ENDINGS of NOCICEPTIVE NEURONS.Preoperative Care: Care given during the period prior to undergoing surgery when psychological and physical preparations are made according to the special needs of the individual patient. This period spans the time between admission to the hospital to the time the surgery begins. (From Dictionary of Health Services Management, 2d ed)Metals: Electropositive chemical elements characterized by ductility, malleability, luster, and conductance of heat and electricity. They can replace the hydrogen of an acid and form bases with hydroxyl radicals. (Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)Sternoclavicular Joint: A double gliding joint formed by the CLAVICLE, superior and lateral parts of the manubrium sterni at the clavicular notch, and the cartilage of the first rib.Cartilage, Articular: A protective layer of firm, flexible cartilage over the articulating ends of bones. It provides a smooth surface for joint movement, protecting the ends of long bones from wear at points of contact.Synovial Fluid: The clear, viscous fluid secreted by the SYNOVIAL MEMBRANE. It contains mucin, albumin, fat, and mineral salts and serves to lubricate joints.Injections, Intra-Articular: Methods of delivering drugs into a joint space.Stress, Mechanical: A purely physical condition which exists within any material because of strain or deformation by external forces or by non-uniform thermal expansion; expressed quantitatively in units of force per unit area.Risk Factors: An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.Carpometacarpal Joints: The articulations between the CARPAL BONES and the METACARPAL BONES.Synovitis: Inflammation of a synovial membrane. It is usually painful, particularly on motion, and is characterized by a fluctuating swelling due to effusion within a synovial sac. (Dorland, 27th ed)Comorbidity: The presence of co-existing or additional diseases with reference to an initial diagnosis or with reference to the index condition that is the subject of study. Comorbidity may affect the ability of affected individuals to function and also their survival; it may be used as a prognostic indicator for length of hospital stay, cost factors, and outcome or survival.Prosthesis Design: The plan and delineation of prostheses in general or a specific prosthesis.Biomechanical Phenomena: The properties, processes, and behavior of biological systems under the action of mechanical forces.Synovial Membrane: The inner membrane of a joint capsule surrounding a freely movable joint. It is loosely attached to the external fibrous capsule and secretes SYNOVIAL FLUID.Follow-Up Studies: Studies in which individuals or populations are followed to assess the outcome of exposures, procedures, or effects of a characteristic, e.g., occurrence of disease.Patient Satisfaction: The degree to which the individual regards the health care service or product or the manner in which it is delivered by the provider as useful, effective, or beneficial.Cohort Studies: Studies in which subsets of a defined population are identified. These groups may or may not be exposed to factors hypothesized to influence the probability of the occurrence of a particular disease or other outcome. Cohorts are defined populations which, as a whole, are followed in an attempt to determine distinguishing subgroup characteristics.Sex Factors: Maleness or femaleness as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from SEX CHARACTERISTICS, anatomical or physiological manifestations of sex, and from SEX DISTRIBUTION, the number of males and females in given circumstances.Questionnaires: Predetermined sets of questions used to collect data - clinical data, social status, occupational group, etc. The term is often applied to a self-completed survey instrument.Arthritis, Experimental: ARTHRITIS that is induced in experimental animals. Immunological methods and infectious agents can be used to develop experimental arthritis models. These methods include injections of stimulators of the immune response, such as an adjuvant (ADJUVANTS, IMMUNOLOGIC) or COLLAGEN.Arthrography: Roentgenography of a joint, usually after injection of either positive or negative contrast medium.Arthritis, Infectious: Arthritis caused by BACTERIA; RICKETTSIA; MYCOPLASMA; VIRUSES; FUNGI; or PARASITES.Activities of Daily Living: The performance of the basic activities of self care, such as dressing, ambulation, or eating.Carpal Joints: The articulations between the various CARPAL BONES. This does not include the WRIST JOINT which consists of the articulations between the RADIUS; ULNA; and proximal CARPAL BONES.Registries: The systems and processes involved in the establishment, support, management, and operation of registers, e.g., disease registers.DislocationsUnited StatesIncidence: The number of new cases of a given disease during a given period in a specified population. It also is used for the rate at which new events occur in a defined population. It is differentiated from PREVALENCE, which refers to all cases, new or old, in the population at a given time.Risk Assessment: The qualitative or quantitative estimation of the likelihood of adverse effects that may result from exposure to specified health hazards or from the absence of beneficial influences. (Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 1988)Patellofemoral Joint: The articulation between the articular surface of the PATELLA and the patellar surface of the FEMUR.Weight-Bearing: The physical state of supporting an applied load. This often refers to the weight-bearing bones or joints that support the body's weight, especially those in the spine, hip, knee, and foot.Movement: The act, process, or result of passing from one place or position to another. It differs from LOCOMOTION in that locomotion is restricted to the passing of the whole body from one place to another, while movement encompasses both locomotion but also a change of the position of the whole body or any of its parts. Movement may be used with reference to humans, vertebrate and invertebrate animals, and microorganisms. Differentiate also from MOTOR ACTIVITY, movement associated with behavior.Ligaments, Articular: Fibrous cords of CONNECTIVE TISSUE that attach bones to each other and hold together the many types of joints in the body. Articular ligaments are strong, elastic, and allow movement in only specific directions, depending on the individual joint.Stifle: In horses, cattle, and other quadrupeds, the joint between the femur and the tibia, corresponding to the human knee.Temporomandibular Joint Dysfunction Syndrome: A symptom complex consisting of pain, muscle tenderness, clicking in the joint, and limitation or alteration of mandibular movement. The symptoms are subjective and manifested primarily in the masticatory muscles rather than the temporomandibular joint itself. Etiologic factors are uncertain but include occlusal dysharmony and psychophysiologic factors.Contracture: Prolonged shortening of the muscle or other soft tissue around a joint, preventing movement of the joint.Ankylosis: Fixation and immobility of a joint.Antirheumatic Agents: Drugs that are used to treat RHEUMATOID ARTHRITIS.Joint Commission on Accreditation of Healthcare Organizations: A private, voluntary, not-for-profit organization which establishes standards for the operation of health facilities and services, conducts surveys, and awards accreditation.Gait: Manner or style of walking.Tibia: The second longest bone of the skeleton. It is located on the medial side of the lower leg, articulating with the FIBULA laterally, the TALUS distally, and the FEMUR proximally.Torque: The rotational force about an axis that is equal to the product of a force times the distance from the axis where the force is applied.Hemarthrosis: Bleeding into the joints. It may arise from trauma or spontaneously in patients with hemophilia.Arthroscopy: Endoscopic examination, therapy and surgery of the joint.Osteophyte: Bony outgrowth usually found around joints and often seen in conditions such as ARTHRITIS.Hindlimb: Either of two extremities of four-footed non-primate land animals. It usually consists of a FEMUR; TIBIA; and FIBULA; tarsals; METATARSALS; and TOES. (From Storer et al., General Zoology, 6th ed, p73)Femur: The longest and largest bone of the skeleton, it is situated between the hip and the knee.Arthritis, Psoriatic: A type of inflammatory arthritis associated with PSORIASIS, often involving the axial joints and the peripheral terminal interphalangeal joints. It is characterized by the presence of HLA-B27-associated SPONDYLARTHROPATHY, and the absence of rheumatoid factor.Cartilage: A non-vascular form of connective tissue composed of CHONDROCYTES embedded in a matrix that includes CHONDROITIN SULFATE and various types of FIBRILLAR COLLAGEN. There are three major types: HYALINE CARTILAGE; FIBROCARTILAGE; and ELASTIC CARTILAGE.Cartilage Diseases: Pathological processes involving the chondral tissue (CARTILAGE).Chondrocytes: Polymorphic cells that form cartilage.Lubrication: The application of LUBRICANTS to diminish FRICTION between two surfaces.Hand: The distal part of the arm beyond the wrist in humans and primates, that includes the palm, fingers, and thumb.Collagen Type II: A fibrillar collagen found predominantly in CARTILAGE and vitreous humor. It consists of three identical alpha1(II) chains.Joint Deformities, Acquired: Deformities acquired after birth as the result of injury or disease. The joint deformity is often associated with rheumatoid arthritis and leprosy.Menisci, Tibial: The interarticular fibrocartilages of the superior surface of the tibia.Sternocostal Joints: An articulation where the costal cartilage of each rib fit with slight concavities along the lateral borders of the STERNUM.Patella: The flat, triangular bone situated at the anterior part of the KNEE.Forelimb: A front limb of a quadruped. (The Random House College Dictionary, 1980)Knee Injuries: Injuries to the knee or the knee joint.Anterior Cruciate Ligament: A strong ligament of the knee that originates from the posteromedial portion of the lateral condyle of the femur, passes anteriorly and inferiorly between the condyles, and attaches to the depression in front of the intercondylar eminence of the tibia.Proprioception: Sensory functions that transduce stimuli received by proprioceptive receptors in joints, tendons, muscles, and the INNER EAR into neural impulses to be transmitted to the CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM. Proprioception provides sense of stationary positions and movements of one's body parts, and is important in maintaining KINESTHESIA and POSTURAL BALANCE.Ulna: The inner and longer bone of the FOREARM.Carpus, Animal: The region corresponding to the human WRIST in non-human ANIMALS.Tendons: Fibrous bands or cords of CONNECTIVE TISSUE at the ends of SKELETAL MUSCLE FIBERS that serve to attach the MUSCLES to bones and other structures.Magnetic Resonance Imaging: Non-invasive method of demonstrating internal anatomy based on the principle that atomic nuclei in a strong magnetic field absorb pulses of radiofrequency energy and emit them as radiowaves which can be reconstructed into computerized images. The concept includes proton spin tomographic techniques.Arthrometry, Articular: Measurements of joint flexibility (RANGE OF MOTION, ARTICULAR), usually by employing an angle-measuring device (arthrometer). Arthrometry is used to measure ligamentous laxity and stability. It is often used to evaluate the outcome of ANTERIOR CRUCIATE LIGAMENT replacement surgery.Growth Differentiation Factor 5: A growth differentiation factor that plays a role in early CHONDROGENESIS and joint formation.Chondrocalcinosis: Presence of calcium salts, especially calcium pyrophosphate, in the cartilaginous structures of one or more joints. When accompanied by attacks of goutlike symptoms, it is called pseudogout. (Dorland, 27th ed)Cadaver: A dead body, usually a human body.Carpal Bones: The eight bones of the wrist: SCAPHOID BONE; LUNATE BONE; TRIQUETRUM BONE; PISIFORM BONE; TRAPEZIUM BONE; TRAPEZOID BONE; CAPITATE BONE; and HAMATE BONE.Kinesthesis: Sense of movement of a part of the body, such as movement of fingers, elbows, knees, limbs, or weights.Electromyography: Recording of the changes in electric potential of muscle by means of surface or needle electrodes.Reproducibility of Results: The statistical reproducibility of measurements (often in a clinical context), including the testing of instrumentation or techniques to obtain reproducible results. The concept includes reproducibility of physiological measurements, which may be used to develop rules to assess probability or prognosis, or response to a stimulus; reproducibility of occurrence of a condition; and reproducibility of experimental results.Atlanto-Occipital Joint: The point of articulation between the OCCIPITAL BONE and the CERVICAL ATLAS.Tarsus, Animal: The region in the hindlimb of a quadruped, corresponding to the human ANKLE.Foot: The distal extremity of the leg in vertebrates, consisting of the tarsus (ANKLE); METATARSUS; phalanges; and the soft tissues surrounding these bones.Posture: The position or attitude of the body.Disease Progression: The worsening of a disease over time. This concept is most often used for chronic and incurable diseases where the stage of the disease is an important determinant of therapy and prognosis.Finger Injuries: General or unspecified injuries involving the fingers.Rotation: Motion of an object in which either one or more points on a line are fixed. It is also the motion of a particle about a fixed point. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)Collateral Ligaments: A number of ligaments on either side of, and serving as a radius of movement of, a joint having a hingelike movement. They occur at the elbow, knee, wrist, metacarpo- and metatarsophalangeal, proximal interphalangeal, and distal interphalangeal joints of the hands and feet. (Stedman, 25th ed)Extremities: The farthest or outermost projections of the body, such as the HAND and FOOT.Immobilization: The restriction of the MOVEMENT of whole or part of the body by physical means (RESTRAINT, PHYSICAL) or chemically by ANALGESIA, or the use of TRANQUILIZING AGENTS or NEUROMUSCULAR NONDEPOLARIZING AGENTS. It includes experimental protocols used to evaluate the physiologic effects of immobility.Muscle, Skeletal: A subtype of striated muscle, attached by TENDONS to the SKELETON. Skeletal muscles are innervated and their movement can be consciously controlled. They are also called voluntary muscles.Lumbar Vertebrae: VERTEBRAE in the region of the lower BACK below the THORACIC VERTEBRAE and above the SACRAL VERTEBRAE.Bone Diseases: Diseases of BONES.Arthritis, Juvenile: Arthritis of children, with onset before 16 years of age. The terms juvenile rheumatoid arthritis (JRA) and juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) refer to classification systems for chronic arthritis in children. Only one subtype of juvenile arthritis (polyarticular-onset, rheumatoid factor-positive) clinically resembles adult rheumatoid arthritis and is considered its childhood equivalent.Tuberculosis, Osteoarticular: Tuberculosis of the bones or joints.Walking: An activity in which the body advances at a slow to moderate pace by moving the feet in a coordinated fashion. This includes recreational walking, walking for fitness, and competitive race-walking.Ligaments: Shiny, flexible bands of fibrous tissue connecting together articular extremities of bones. They are pliant, tough, and inextensile.Humerus: Bone in humans and primates extending from the SHOULDER JOINT to the ELBOW JOINT.Joint Capsule Release: Surgical procedure to relax the JOINT CAPSULE tissues in a joint that has a reduced range of motion due to CONTRACTURE or TISSUE ADHESIONS or joint deformities.Osteotomy: The surgical cutting of a bone. (Dorland, 28th ed)Models, Anatomic: Three-dimensional representation to show anatomic structures. Models may be used in place of intact animals or organisms for teaching, practice, and study.Bone Diseases, Infectious: Bone diseases caused by pathogenic microorganisms.Aggrecans: Large HYALURONAN-containing proteoglycans found in articular cartilage (CARTILAGE, ARTICULAR). They form into aggregates that provide tissues with the capacity to resist high compressive and tensile forces.Osteochondrosis: Any of a group of bone disorders involving one or more ossification centers (EPIPHYSES). It is characterized by degeneration or NECROSIS followed by revascularization and reossification. Osteochondrosis often occurs in children causing varying degrees of discomfort or pain. There are many eponymic types for specific affected areas, such as tarsal navicular (Kohler disease) and tibial tuberosity (Osgood-Schlatter disease).Femur Head: The hemispheric articular surface at the upper extremity of the thigh bone. (Stedman, 26th ed)
"Totaljoints.info. Retrieved 27 September 2010.. *^ "Titanium foams replace injured bones". Research News. 1 September 2010. ... joint replacement) and dental implants that can stay in place for up to 20 years.[43] The titanium is often alloyed with about ... Total reserves of titanium are estimated to exceed 600 million tonnes.[23] ... which reduce the integrity of the assembly welds and lead to joint failure. ...
Orthopaedics (including total joint replacement) and Rehabilitation. *Breast Center. *Special Care Nursery ... Its Joint Commission certifications include Acute Myocardial Infarction; Joint Replacement - Hip; and Joint Replacement - Knee ... Peninsula Regional Medical Center is accredited by the Joint Commission. ...
In elderly patients who are medically well and still active, a total hip replacement may be indicated. Hip joint. Lateral view ... this groove lodges the orbicular fibers of the capsule of the hip-joint. The posterior surface is smooth, and is broader and ... more concave than the anterior: the posterior part of the capsule of the hip-joint is attached to it about 1 cm. above the ...
"Rankings by total R&D expenditures". National Science Foundation.. *^ "BGI @ UC Davis Joint Genome Center".. ... "UC Davis Total On- and Off-Campus Headcount Population: Annual Averages" (PDF). UC Davis Institutional Analysis. November 16, ... In February 2014, UC Davis and Diamond Developers formed a joint venture to create a sustainable city in Dubai, United Arab ... Davis Millimeter Wave Research Center (A joint effort of Agilent Technologies Inc. and UC Davis) (in planning process) ...
The album has 13 songs and some of the songs came from her previous singles Akai Namida/Beehive, Get my way! and JOINT. There ... This album charted for a total of 5 weeks. energy flow - 2:09 Composition: Tomoyuki Nakazawa Arrangement: Tomoyuki Nakazawa, ... Takeshi Ozaki JOINT - 4:01 Composition: Tomoyuki Nakazawa Arrangement: Tomoyuki Nakazawa, Takeshi Ozaki Lyrics: Mami Kawada ...
"This Myth About Joint Pain Is Total Crap". Men's Health. 2017-08-10. Retrieved 2017-08-10. "Rain increases joint pain? Google ... Mass media misinterpreted this as "myth busted: rain does not increase joint pain", while the authors speculate the observed ... In 2017, a study correlated joint pain with Google search activity and temperature. While the study observed higher search ... "Are achy joints associated with rain? Google suggests otherwise". NBC News. Retrieved 2017-08-10. " ...
Kitaoka, Harold B.; Patzer, Gary L. (1996). "Clinical results of the Mayo total ankle arthroplasty". Journal of Bone and Joint ... The main objectives of the prosthetic design for ankle joint replacements are: to replicate original joint function, by ... to attain feasibility of implantation given the small dimensions of the joint. As with other joint replacements, the ... free online calculator Total Ankle Replacement Total Ankle Institute. ...
Denotes joint winners. This table lists the total number of awards won by nations that the teams have represented. This table ... lists the total number of awards won by the teams sporting discipline. In addition to the Team Award in 1983, an International ...
"Military personnel in Falkland Islands totals 1.060, says MoD". Merco Press. Retrieved 26 September 2015. Permanent Joint ... The total deployment is about 1,200 personnel made up of a roulement infantry company, an engineer squadron, a signals unit ( ... Joint Service Explosive Ordnance Disposal in the Falkland Islands consists of 33 Engineer Regiment (EOD), RAF and RLC EOD teams ... "Joint Services Explosive Ordnance Disposal in the Falkland Islands". Archived from the original on 11 June 2006. Retrieved 19 ...
Denotes joint winners. Denotes a winning couple. This table lists the total number of awards won by nationality based on the ... The winning sportsperson had the most total points. In the case of a points tie, the sportsperson chosen as first preference by ... This table lists the total number of awards won by recipient's sporting profession. a1 a2 The fractions refer to occasions on ...
Joint fastest lap. † González started the race in a Ferrari 553 Squalo, but took over one of his teammates' 625 during the race ... numbers in parentheses are total points scored. "The Formula One Archives". Retrieved 2007-07-25. "Jose Froilan Gonzalez, ...
Joint Combat Pistol[edit]. Main article: Joint Combat Pistol. The Px4 is available in .45 ACP designated as the Px4 Storm SD ( ... It also comes with an total of three 15-round magazines. It was delayed from its original release date due to supply issues ...
It was also recognised as the 24th tropical depression and the 22nd tropical storm by the Joint Typhoon Warning Center of the ... The NDCC reported that a total of 92 homes were either partially or totally destroyed in the Philippines. Sixteen of the ... CS1 maint: Unfit url (link) "JTWC ABPW10 06-11-08 06z". Joint Typhoon Warning Center. Archived from the original on November 6 ... CS1 maint: Unfit url (link) "JTWC ABPW10 12-11-08 06z". Joint Typhoon Warning Center. Archived from the original on November 12 ...
All damage totals are in 1991 values of their respective currencies. Joint Typhoon Warning Center; Naval Pacific Meteorology ... A total of 245 houses were damaged and 137 others were destroyed. Damage there totaled 985 million yen. Ten homes were damaged ... A total of 7,907 individuals lost their homes in Ehime Prefecture. There, authorities estimated that damage totaled to 615 ... A peak rainfall total occurred of 338 mm (13.3 in) at Nanbu, including 330 mm (13 in) in a 24-hour time frame. A peak hourly ...
Novicoff, WM; Saleh, KJ (Jul 2011). "Examining Sex and Gender Disparities in Total Joint Arthroplasty". Clin Orthop Relat Res. ... Use for patients treated with revision total knee arthropalsty". J Bone Joint Surg Am. 87 (9): 1985-94. doi:10.2106/jbjs.d. ... "Decolonization of drug-resistant organisms before total joint arthroplasty". Inst Course Lect. 59: 131-7. Novicoff, WM; Saleh, ... Mihalko, WM; Saleh KJ; Krackow KA; Whiteside LA (2009). "Soft tissue balancing during total knee arthroplasty in the varus knee ...
The Joint Typhoon Warning Center is a joint United States Navy - United States Air Force task force that issues tropical ... A total of 140 sheds on the islands of Yongxing, Yayong, Zhaoshu, and Bei Dao were flattened by the passing typhoon, while a ... "Joint Typhoon Warning Center Mission Statement". Pearl Harbor, Hawaii: Joint Typhoon Warning Center. 2007. Archived from the ... The total was originally reported in Philippine pesos, and was converted to United States dollars via the Oanda Corporation ...
All damage totals are in 1991 values of their respective currencies. Joint Typhoon Warning Center; Naval Pacific Meteorology ... A peak rainfall total occurred of 468 mm (18.4 in) at Mount Akita-Komagatake. A peak hourly rainfall total of 68 mm (2.7 in) ... A total 64 houses were destroyed while 1,472 others were flooded. Moreover, 120 ships were damaged. Monetary damage totaled ... Meanwhile, a peak daily precipitation total of 301 mm (11.9 in) fell in Naha. Nearby, Kadena Air Base recorded a total of 320 ...
A total of 18,371 people heeded the warnings and evacuated and 40,337 ships returned. The Department of Water Resources stated ... Late on July 9, the Joint Typhoon Warning Center (JTWC), reported that a tropical disturbance had persisted within the vicinity ... Total damages figure includes agriculture, infrastructure, casualties, etc. damages. "Significant tropical Weather Advisory for ... CS1 maint: Unfit url (link) "Tropical Cyclone Formation Alert: 2010-07-11 06z". Joint Typhoon Warning Center. Archived from the ...
VI Joint and Composite Demand. Joint and Composite Supply. VII Prime and Total Cost in Relation To Joint Products. Cost of ...
All damage totals are in 1990 values of their respective currencies. Joint Typhoon Warning Center; Naval Pacific Meteorology ... A total of 686 houses sustained flooding. One person was killed and damage totaled 8.74 billion yen ($60.3 million USD). In ... A peak rainfall total occurred of 545 mm (21.5 in) in Hakone, with 538 mm (21.2 in) falling in a day. Meanwhile, a peak hourly ... A total of 77 ha (190 acres) of rice as well as 212 ha (520 acres) of vegetables were damaged, along with three agricultural ...
Joint Typhoon Warning Center. Retrieved November 24, 2011. Joint Typhoon Warning Center. "Super Typhoon Bart (24W)". 1999 ... A total of 36 people lost their lives and another 1,077 sustained injury. Damage from the storm amounted to ¥16.31 billion (US$ ... Heavy flooding and landslides led to total of a 30 deaths and over 1,000 injuries in Japan. Over 800,000 homes lost power and ...
Such joint replacement orthopaedic surgery is generally conducted to relieve arthritis pain or in some hip fractures. A total ... Total hip replacement is most commonly used to treat joint failure caused by osteoarthritis. Other indications include ... "Prevalence of Total Hip and Knee Replacement in the United States". J Bone Joint Surg Am. 97 (17): 1386-97. doi:10.2106/JBJS.N. ... "Survivorship and retrieval analysis of Sikomet metal-on-metal total hip replacements at a mean of seven years". J Bone Joint ...
The highest total was 350 mm (14 in) in Taitung. Further rainfall of 150 mm (5.9 in) fell on June 22, pushing totals over 450 ... "Prognostic Reasoning Six". Joint Typhoon Warning Center. June 18, 2009. Retrieved June 24, 2009. "WTPQ20 RJTD 191200". Japan ... A total of 167 flights to and from Taiwan were canceled or delayed due to the storm. On June 21, large swells of up to 5.6 m ( ... In Taoyuan Town, a total of 191 mm (7.5 in) of rain fell within one hour, breaking a 200-year-old record in the town. In ...
2005). "Lumbar Total Disc Replacement. Seven to Eleven-Year Follow-Up". J. Bone Joint Surg. 87A (3): 490-6. doi:10.2106/JBJS.C. ... "Sacroiliac Joint Pain After Lumbar and Lumbosacral Fusion: Findings Using Dual Sacroiliac Joint Blocks." Pain Medicine (Malden ... Various failure rates and strategies for revision of total disc replacement have been reported. The role of artificial or total ... of all low back pain is sacroiliac joint in origin and that the diagnosis of sacroiliac joint disease is frequently overlooked ...
Darjeeling Gold Cup (4) - 1975, 1976 (Joint), 1979, 1982. Nagjee Trophy (1) - 1978. Total - 28. Mohammedan Sporting - 1981, ... IFA Shield (5) - 1976 (Joint), 1977, 1978 (Joint), 1979, 1982. Durand Cup (5) - 1974, 1977, 1979, 1980, 1982 (Joint). Rovers ... Prasun Banerjee was the Joint Captain of the Indian Youth Team along with Sabbir Ali which became Joint Champions with Iran in ... Bordoloi Trophy - 1985 Total - 9 Prasun Banerjee has also coached Mohun Bagan for two months in the 1990-91 season. "Former ...
... of the total heritable component of the disease.[41] The TCF7L2 allele, for example, increases the risk of developing diabetes ... "Metabolic Surgery in the Treatment Algorithm for Type 2 Diabetes: A Joint Statement by International Diabetes Organizations" ... In type 1 diabetes there is a lower total level of insulin to control blood glucose, due to an autoimmune induced loss of ...
Total Hip Replacement. Knee Replacement. Shoulder Replacement. Ankle Replacement. Small Joints. In the recent times, the global ... Total Plastics Inc.. Market Segment by Regions, this report splits Global into several key Regions, with sales (consumption), ... Table Total Plastics Inc. Basic Information List. Table Production Base and Market Concentration Rate of Raw Material. Figure ... Figure Small Joints Examples. Figure United States Medical Ultra High Molecular Weight Polyethylene Revenue and Growth Rate ( ...
... total hip or knee replacement-related post-operative pain mayleave... ... "Pain Relief Options After Total Joint Replacement." Medical News Today. MediLexicon, Intl., 23 Mar. 2006. Web.. 15 Jun. 2019. , ... Nordqvist, C. (2006, March 23). "Pain Relief Options After Total Joint Replacement." Medical News Today. Retrieved from. https ... "All patients undergoing total hip or knee replacement will experience significant pain; our challenge is to reduce pain to an ...
Amyris said it will restructure its joint venture with energy company Total S.A. in a effort to commercialize its jet-fuel ... Amyris, Total to Restructure Joint Venture Total to own 75% of joint venture; Shares of Amyris jump 23%. ... said Tuesday it will restructure its joint venture with energy company Total SA in an effort to commercialize its jet-fuel ...
There are a variety of protocols that are used in infected total joint arthroplasty. This book will outline and detail the best ... There are a variety of protocols that are used in infected total joint arthroplasty. This book will outline and detail the best ... The book will be an essential resource on infected total joint arthroplasty, containing a series of logical and highly detailed ... Microbiological Diagnosis of Prosthetic Joint Infection Jaime Esteban, Concepción Pérez-Jorge, Ramón Pérez-Tanoira, Enrique ...
Flexible tension transmitting wires are connected at their one ends to the joint member at a first location thereon, the ends ... A compression transmitting member has one end portion coupled to the joint member at a second location thereon different from ... Joint prosthesis for implantation in a human or animal body comprises a joint member for mounting to a bone. ... coupling to the compression transmitting member is such that only compressive forces are coupled to that member from the joint ...
Points from letters: Total hip joint replacement Br Med J 1976; 2 :1452 ... Points from letters: Total hip joint replacement. Br Med J 1976; 2 doi: https://doi.org/10.1136/bmj.2.6049.1452-f (Published 11 ...
Despite therapy with disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs (DMARDS), including biologic agents, joint erosion and destruction ... FREQUENCY OF JOINT REPLACEMENT. The advent of total joint replacement (TJR) has been considered to be a major breakthrough and ... See Total hip arthroplasty and Total knee arthroplasty and Complications of total hip arthroplasty and Complications of ... Predictors of paralysis in the rheumatoid cervical spine in patients undergoing total joint arthroplasty. J Bone Joint Surg Am ...
Total), Borealis AG (Borealis) and NOVA Chemicals Corporation (NOVA Chemicals) today... ... Bay-Pol is a joint venture 50% owned by Total and 50% owned by Novealis Holdings LLC, a joint venture between Borealis and NOVA ... TOTAL S.A. has no liability for their acts or omissions. In this document, the terms Total and Total Group are sometimes ... Total, Borealis and NOVA Chemicals close their Joint Venture in petrochemicals. News provided by ...
Find total joint reconstruction news articles, videos, blogs, books, Continuing Medical Education (CME), meeting coverage, and ... Total Joint Reconstruction Total Joint Reconstruction. Top Story Select skilled nursing facilities may increase cost of care ... Use of a Bipolar Blood-Sealing System During Total Joint Arthroplasty. Orthopedics, December/January 2015, Volume 38 Issue 12. ... Despite the known increase of the cost of care when patients undergoing total knee arthroplasty are discharged to a skilled ...
According to an exemplary embodiment, the modular joint prosthesis includes a head and a stem coupled to the head. The stem has ... A modular joint prosthesis is intended for implantation in a patient. ... 5. The joint prosthesis of claim 1, wherein the joint prosthesis is configured to replace a hip joint. 6. The joint prosthesis ... The modular joint prosthesis of claim 1 1, wherein the joint prosthesis is configured to replace a hip joint. 18. The modular ...
... and this is particularly true in total joint and musculoskeletal scenarios. The new Comprehensive Care Model for Total Joint ... We are seeing a lot of interest in using the Wellpepper platform in orthopedic and total joint replacement scenarios, said ... Wellpepper will enhance care for total joint replacement and musculoskeletal care patients by delivering pre- and post-surgical ... EvergreenHealth Selects Wellpepper as Mobile Patient Engagement Solution for Total Joint Replacement. News provided by ...
... - a pre-operative education class that provides an overview of the Total Joint Replacement ... Total Joint Replacement Class. Sarasota Memorial Health Care System - 2nd Floor C Elevator - 1700 S Tamiami Trail Sarasota, FL ... process, including an introduction to the care team, educational materials about joint replacement, anesthesia information, pre ...
Evidence-based recommendations on the total prosthetic replacement of temporomandibular joint (joint between the skull and ... Total prosthetic replacement of the temporomandibular joint. Interventional procedures guidance [IPG500]. Published date: ...
... the University of Rochester Medical Center recently showed that infusing antioxidants into the plastic surface of total joint ... Infusing antioxidants into the plastic surface between metal components of total joint replacements may help the implants last ... Many adults with severe osteoarthritis in their 50s or 60s are undergoing total joint replacement surgery, meaning that ... "Joint replacement surgery is largely regarded as the most successful medical procedure of the 20th century, but implants are ...
Learn all about your upcoming surgery! If you are scheduled for joint replacement, this class is for you. Our goal is to ease ...
Intermountain Healthcare is a Utah-based, not-for-profit system of 24 hospitals (includes "virtual" hospital), a Medical Group with more than 2,400 physicians and advanced practice clinicians at about 160 clinics, a health plans division called SelectHealth, and other health services. Helping people live the healthiest lives possible, Intermountain is widely recognized as a leader in clinical quality improvement and efficient healthcare delivery.. ...
The FDA has approved Walter Lorenz Surgicals Total Mandibular Joint Replacement System (TMJ) for use in patients with severe ... FDA Approves Total Temporomandibular Joint Replacement System. September 23rd, 2005 Tim Odell Surgery ... The FDA has approved Walter Lorenz Surgicals Total Mandibular Joint Replacement System (TMJ) for use in patients with severe ... mechanical damage to the mandibular joint. The device consists of 2 components: a polyethylene fossa piece (attatched to the ...
THJA stands for Total Hip Joint Arthroplasty. THJA is defined as Total Hip Joint Arthroplasty rarely. ... www.acronymfinder.com/Total-Hip-Joint-Arthroplasty-(THJA).html. *Chicago style: Acronym Finder. S.v. "THJA." Retrieved August ... www.acronymfinder.com/Total-Hip-Joint-Arthroplasty-(THJA).html,THJA,/a,. ... www.acronymfinder.com/Total-Hip-Joint-Arthroplasty-(THJA).html ... Total Hip Joint Replacement. *Tualatin Hills Junior Soccer ...
Q: What is the research on arthroscopic surgery and the evidence of success prior to full joint replacement? Is total joint ... Total Joint Replacement. Our guest expert in October 2011 was Dr. Cory Borkhoff, a postdoctoral research fellow at the Womens ... In fact, total joint replacement surgery ranks near the top among medical and surgical interventions in improving the quality ... You will likely receive physiotherapy from a physiotherapist dedicated to providing therapy to people post total joint ...
Navigation and Robotics in Total Joint and Spine Surgery. Editors: Stiehl, James B., Konermann, Werner H., Haaker, Rolf G. (Eds ... Because of its simplicity, computer navigation will be an early tool in such areas as total joint replacement, anterior ... Navigation and Robotics in Total Joint and Spine Surgery. Editors. * James B. Stiehl ... Computer-Assisted Planning and Navigation of Total Hip Arthroplasty Using the Navitrack and mediCAD System ...
Evidence-based recommendations on the total prosthetic replacement of temporomandibular joint (joint between the skull and ... Total prosthetic replacement of the temporomandibular joint. Interventional procedures guidance [IPG500]. Published date: ... and total facial palsy was reported in 3% (2/74) of patients (resolved within 6 weeks). Sensory changes to the lip and tongue ...
The friction moment increased during the extension phase of the joint. The average coefficient of friction also increased ... However, such differences may also exist in natural joints and may influence the progression of arthrosis. Furthermore, ... and average values of the friction-induced power dissipation in the joint were determined. On average, peak contact forces of ... Friction-induced moments and subsequent cup loosening can be the reason for total hip joint replacement failure. The aim of ...
... is seeking BC/BE total joints Orthopaedic Surgeon to join its main Sayre, PA location. ... Guthrie Clinic, a non-profit, physician-led, integrated health care delivery system, is seeking BC/BE total joints Orthopaedic ...
Total Joints Orthopedic Surgeon Physician. Illinois. Full Time. Job Description & Requirements. Total Joints Orthopedic Surgeon ... This group is looking for a surgeon who wants a 100% total joints/adult reconstructive surgery practice in an orthopedics ... Join 2 orthopedic trauma surgeons, 1 total joint surgeon, 2 sports medicine surgeons, and 3 PA/NPs along with 170 other ...
Vantage Surgery Center is offering same-day total joint replacement procedures after moving from Medford, N.J., to a new ... More articles on total joint replacements:. Michigan Medicine center adds total knee, hip replacement surgeries. First ... Virtua, physician investors begin offering total joints in new ASC. Angie Stewart - Wednesday, May 1st, 2019 Print , Email ... Vantage Surgery Center is offering same-day total joint replacement procedures after moving from Medford, N.J., to a new ...
  • Tranexamic acid has been around for 30 years, but because there was concern about the danger of administering it intravenously, we opted to inject it in the joints. (eurekalert.org)
  • RAMARD, INC) Formulated with pharmaceutical grade ingredients working in harmony to support the entire equine joint. (atozvetsupply.com)
  • Amyris Inc. said Tuesday it will restructure its joint venture with energy company Total SA in an effort to commercialize its jet-fuel technology. (wsj.com)
  • TOT ) ('Total'), Borealis AG ('Borealis') and NOVA Chemicals Corporation ('NOVA Chemicals') today announced they have closed a joint venture in petrochemicals on the U.S. Gulf Coast after receiving all required regulatory approvals. (prnewswire.com)
  • The company named Bayport Polymers LLC ('Bay-Pol') is 50% owned by Total and 50% owned by Novealis Holdings LLC, a joint venture between Borealis and NOVA Chemicals. (prnewswire.com)
  • Borealis provides services and products to customers around the world in collaboration with Borouge, a joint venture with the Abu Dhabi National Oil Company (ADNOC). (prnewswire.com)
  • Oil major Total is considering expanding the capacity of its joint-venture refinery with Saudi Aramco by 10 per cent, according to an executive from the French company. (meed.com)
  • The AGM-154 Joint Standoff Weapon (JSOW) is the product of a joint venture between the United States Navy and Air Force to deploy a standardized medium range precision guided weapon, especially for engagement of defended targets from outside the range of standard anti-aircraft defenses, thereby increasing aircraft survivability and minimizing friendly losses. (wikipedia.org)
  • Through the Total Joint Program , our healthcare specialists will work with you to develop a treatment plan that can eliminate or reduce pain, enhance mobility, and improve your quality of life-whether that's returning to your normal activities or revisiting a low impact sport. (sanjuanregional.com)
  • Our treatment is comprehensive, so if you have reduced mobility and pain in your joints , even while resting, our specialists can help. (athensorthopedicclinic.com)
  • In fact, Healthgrades recently named Morristown Medical Center among the top five percent in the nation for joint replacement four years in a row (2016-2019). (atlantichealth.org)