The rotational force about an axis that is equal to the product of a force times the distance from the axis where the force is applied.
A species of non-enveloped DNA virus in the genus ANELLOVIRUS, associated with BLOOD TRANSFUSIONS; and HEPATITIS. However, no etiological role has been found for TTV in hepatitis.
Muscular contractions characterized by increase in tension without change in length.
The properties, processes, and behavior of biological systems under the action of mechanical forces.
Motion of an object in which either one or more points on a line are fixed. It is also the motion of a particle about a fixed point. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)
Recording of the changes in electric potential of muscle by means of surface or needle electrodes.
A region of the lower extremity immediately surrounding and including the KNEE JOINT.
A hinge joint connecting the FOREARM to the ARM.
A subtype of striated muscle, attached by TENDONS to the SKELETON. Skeletal muscles are innervated and their movement can be consciously controlled. They are also called voluntary muscles.
The act, process, or result of passing from one place or position to another. It differs from LOCOMOTION in that locomotion is restricted to the passing of the whole body from one place to another, while movement encompasses both locomotion but also a change of the position of the whole body or any of its parts. Movement may be used with reference to humans, vertebrate and invertebrate animals, and microorganisms. Differentiate also from MOTOR ACTIVITY, movement associated with behavior.
A device that measures MUSCLE STRENGTH during muscle contraction, such as gripping, pushing, and pulling. It is used to evaluate the health status of muscle in sports medicine or physical therapy.
Region of the body immediately surrounding and including the ELBOW JOINT.
The joint that is formed by the inferior articular and malleolar articular surfaces of the TIBIA; the malleolar articular surface of the FIBULA; and the medial malleolar, lateral malleolar, and superior surfaces of the TALUS.
A process leading to shortening and/or development of tension in muscle tissue. Muscle contraction occurs by a sliding filament mechanism whereby actin filaments slide inward among the myosin filaments.
The amount of force generated by MUSCLE CONTRACTION. Muscle strength can be measured during isometric, isotonic, or isokinetic contraction, either manually or using a device such as a MUSCLE STRENGTH DYNAMOMETER.
Natural teeth or teeth roots used as anchorage for a fixed or removable denture or other prosthesis (such as an implant) serving the same purpose.
A synovial hinge connection formed between the bones of the FEMUR; TIBIA; and PATELLA.
A state arrived at through prolonged and strong contraction of a muscle. Studies in athletes during prolonged submaximal exercise have shown that muscle fatigue increases in almost direct proportion to the rate of muscle glycogen depletion. Muscle fatigue in short-term maximal exercise is associated with oxygen lack and an increased level of blood and muscle lactic acid, and an accompanying increase in hydrogen-ion concentration in the exercised muscle.
The region of the lower limb between the FOOT and the LEG.
The distance and direction to which a bone joint can be extended. Range of motion is a function of the condition of the joints, muscles, and connective tissues involved. Joint flexibility can be improved through appropriate MUSCLE STRETCHING EXERCISES.
The quadriceps femoris. A collective name of the four-headed skeletal muscle of the thigh, comprised of the rectus femoris, vastus intermedius, vastus lateralis, and vastus medialis.
Biocompatible materials placed into (endosseous) or onto (subperiosteal) the jawbone to support a crown, bridge, or artificial tooth, or to stabilize a diseased tooth.
The superior part of the upper extremity between the SHOULDER and the ELBOW.
Voluntary activity without external compulsion.
Also known as articulations, these are points of connection between the ends of certain separate bones, or where the borders of other bones are juxtaposed.
The region of the upper limb between the metacarpus and the FOREARM.
Four or five slender jointed digits in humans and primates, attached to each HAND.
The projecting part on each side of the body, formed by the side of the pelvis and the top portion of the femur.
Reflex contraction of a muscle in response to stretching, which stimulates muscle proprioceptors.
Proteins that are involved in or cause CELL MOVEMENT such as the rotary structures (flagellar motor) or the structures whose movement is directed along cytoskeletal filaments (MYOSIN; KINESIN; and DYNEIN motor families).
The planning, calculation, and creation of an apparatus for the purpose of correcting the placement or straightening of teeth.
Acceleration produced by the mutual attraction of two masses, and of magnitude inversely proportional to the square of the distance between the two centers of mass. It is also the force imparted by the earth, moon, or a planet to an object near its surface. (From NASA Thesaurus, 1988)
Force exerted when gripping or grasping.
The spread of response if stimulation is prolonged. (Campbell's Psychiatric Dictionary, 8th ed.)
A twisting deformation of a solid body about an axis. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)
Surface resistance to the relative motion of one body against the rubbing, sliding, rolling, or flowing of another with which it is in contact.
A prosthesis that gains its support, stability, and retention from a substructure that is implanted under the soft tissues of the basal seat of the device and is in contact with bone. (From Boucher's Clinical Dental Terminology, 4th ed)
A vague complaint of debility, fatigue, or exhaustion attributable to weakness of various muscles. The weakness can be characterized as subacute or chronic, often progressive, and is a manifestation of many muscle and neuromuscular diseases. (From Wyngaarden et al., Cecil Textbook of Medicine, 19th ed, p2251)
Part of the body in humans and primates where the arms connect to the trunk. The shoulder has five joints; ACROMIOCLAVICULAR joint, CORACOCLAVICULAR joint, GLENOHUMERAL joint, scapulathoracic joint, and STERNOCLAVICULAR joint.
Any method of measuring the amount of work done by an organism, usually during PHYSICAL EXERTION. Ergometry also includes measures of power. Some instruments used in these determinations include the hand crank and the bicycle ergometer.
The physical state of supporting an applied load. This often refers to the weight-bearing bones or joints that support the body's weight, especially those in the spine, hip, knee, and foot.
A purely physical condition which exists within any material because of strain or deformation by external forces or by non-uniform thermal expansion; expressed quantitatively in units of force per unit area.
A free-floating DNA virus genus, unattached to any family, comprising several species of hepatitis-related viruses.
Manner or style of walking.
The inferior part of the lower extremity between the KNEE and the ANKLE.
The position or attitude of the body.
The portion of the leg in humans and other animals found between the HIP and KNEE.
The articulation between the head of the HUMERUS and the glenoid cavity of the SCAPULA.
Holding a DENTAL PROSTHESIS in place by its design, or by the use of additional devices or adhesives.
The joint that is formed by the articulation of the head of FEMUR and the ACETABULUM of the PELVIS.

Uncoupling of in vivo torque production from EMG in mouse muscles injured by eccentric contractions. (1/952)

1. The main objective of this study was to determine whether eccentric contraction-induced muscle injury causes impaired plasmalemmal action potential conduction, which could explain the injury-induced excitation-contraction coupling failure. Mice were chronically implanted with stimulating electrodes on the left common peroneal nerve and with electromyographic (EMG) electrodes on the left tibialis anterior (TA) muscle. The left anterior crural muscles of anaesthetized mice were stimulated to perform 150 eccentric (ECC) (n = 12 mice) or 150 concentric (CON) (n = 11 mice) contractions. Isometric torque, EMG root mean square (RMS) and M-wave mean and median frequencies were measured before, immediately after, and at 1, 3, 5 and 14 days after the protocols. In parallel experiments, nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (AChR) concentration was measured in TA muscles to determine whether the excitation failure elicited a denervation-like response. 2. Immediately after the ECC protocol, torque was reduced by 47-89 %, while RMS was reduced by 9-21 %; the RMS decrement was not different from that observed for the CON protocol, which did not elicit large torque deficits. One day later, both ECC and CON RMS had returned to baseline values and did not change over the next 2 weeks. However, torque production by the ECC group showed a slow recovery over that time and was still depressed by 12-30 % after 2 weeks. M-wave mean and median frequencies were not affected by performance of either protocol. 3. AChR concentration was elevated by 79 and 368 % at 3 and 5 days, respectively, after the ECC protocol; AChR concentration had returned to control levels 2 weeks after the protocol. At the time of peak AChR concentration in the ECC protocol muscles (i.e. 5 days), AChR concentration in CON protocol muscles was not different from the control level. 4. In conclusion, these data demonstrate no major role for impaired plasmalemmal action potential conduction in the excitation-contraction coupling failure induced by eccentric contractions. Additionally, a muscle injured by eccentric contractions shows a response in AChR concentration similar to a transiently denervated muscle.  (+info)

Control of fingertip forces in multidigit manipulation. (2/952)

Previous studies of control of fingertip forces in skilled manipulation have focused on tasks involving two digits, typically the thumb and index finger. Here we examine control of fingertip actions in a multidigit task in which subjects lifted an object using unimanual and bimanual grasps engaging the tips of the thumb and two fingers. The grasps resembled those used when lifting a cylindrical object from above; the two fingers were some 4.25 cm apart and the thumb was approximately 5.54 cm from either finger. The three-dimensional forces and torques applied by each digit and the digit contact positions were measured along with the position and orientation of the object. The vertical forces applied tangential to the grasp surfaces to lift the object were synchronized across the digits, and the contribution by each digit to the total vertical force reflected intrinsic object properties (geometric relationship between the object's center of mass and the grasped surfaces). Subjects often applied small torques tangential to the grasped surfaces even though the object could have been lifted without such torques. The normal forces generated by each digit increased in parallel with the local tangential load (force and torque), providing an adequate safety margin against slips at each digit. In the present task, the orientations of the force vectors applied by the separate digits were not fully constrained and therefore the motor controller had to choose from a number of possible solutions. Our findings suggest that subjects attempt to minimize (or at least reduce) fingertip forces while at the same time ensure that grasp stability is preserved. Subjects also avoid horizontal tangential forces, even at a small cost in total force. Moreover, there were subtle actions exerted by the digits that included changes in the distribution of vertical forces across digits and slight object tilt. It is not clear to what extent the brain explicitly controlled these actions, but they could serve, for instance, to keep tangential torques small and to compensate for variations in digit contact positions. In conclusion, we have shown that when lifting an object with a three-digit grip, the coordination of fingertip forces, in many respects, matches what has been documented previously for two-digit grasping. At the same time, our study reveals novel aspects of force control that emerge only in multidigit manipulative tasks.  (+info)

Quantitative examinations of internal representations for arm trajectory planning: minimum commanded torque change model. (3/952)

Quantitative examinations of internal representations for arm trajectory planning: minimum commanded torque change model. A number of invariant features of multijoint planar reaching movements have been observed in measured hand trajectories. These features include roughly straight hand paths and bell-shaped speed profiles where the trajectory curvatures between transverse and radial movements have been found to be different. For quantitative and statistical investigations, we obtained a large amount of trajectory data within a wide range of the workspace in the horizontal and sagittal planes (400 trajectories for each subject). A pair of movements within the horizontal and sagittal planes was set to be equivalent in the elbow and shoulder flexion/extension. The trajectory curvatures of the corresponding pair in these planes were almost the same. Moreover, these curvatures can be accurately reproduced with a linear regression from the summation of rotations in the elbow and shoulder joints. This means that trajectory curvatures systematically depend on the movement location and direction represented in the intrinsic body coordinates. We then examined the following four candidates as planning spaces and the four corresponding computational models for trajectory planning. The candidates were as follows: the minimum hand jerk model in an extrinsic-kinematic space, the minimum angle jerk model in an intrinsic-kinematic space, the minimum torque change model in an intrinsic-dynamic-mechanical space, and the minimum commanded torque change model in an intrinsic-dynamic-neural space. The minimum commanded torque change model, which is proposed here as a computable version of the minimum motor command change model, reproduced actual trajectories best for curvature, position, velocity, acceleration, and torque. The model's prediction that the longer the duration of the movement the larger the trajectory curvature was also confirmed. Movements passing through via-points in the horizontal plane were also measured, and they converged to those predicted by the minimum commanded torque change model with training. Our results indicated that the brain may plan, and learn to plan, the optimal trajectory in the intrinsic coordinates considering arm and muscle dynamics and using representations for motor commands controlling muscle tensions.  (+info)

Function of proline residues of MotA in torque generation by the flagellar motor of Escherichia coli. (4/952)

Bacterial flagellar motors obtain energy for rotation from the membrane gradient of protons or, in some species, sodium ions. The molecular mechanism of flagellar rotation is not understood. MotA and MotB are integral membrane proteins that function in proton conduction and are believed to form the stator of the motor. Previous mutational studies identified two conserved proline residues in MotA (Pro 173 and Pro 222 in the protein from Escherichia coli) and a conserved aspartic acid residue in MotB (Asp 32) that are important for function. Asp 32 of MotB probably forms part of the proton path through the motor. To learn more about the roles of the conserved proline residues of MotA, we examined motor function in Pro 173 and Pro 222 mutants, making measurements of torque at high load, speed at low and intermediate loads, and solvent-isotope effects (D2O versus H2O). Proton conduction by wild-type and mutant MotA-MotB channels was also assayed, by a growth defect that occurs upon overexpression. Several different mutations of Pro 173 reduced the torque of the motor under high load, and a few prevented motor rotation but still allowed proton flow through the MotA-MotB channels. These and other properties of the mutants suggest that Pro 173 has a pivotal role in coupling proton flow to motor rotation and is positioned in the channel near Asp 32 of MotB. Replacements of Pro 222 abolished function in all assays and were strongly dominant. Certain Pro 222 mutant proteins prevented swimming almost completely when expressed at moderate levels in wild-type cells. This dominance might be caused by rotor-stator jamming, because it was weaker when FliG carried a mutation believed to increase rotor-stator clearance. We propose a mechanism for torque generation, in which specific functions are suggested for the proline residues of MotA and Asp32 of MotB.  (+info)

Modulation of stretch reflexes during imposed walking movements of the human ankle. (5/952)

Our overall objectives were to examine the role of peripheral afferents from the ankle in modulating stretch reflexes during imposed walking movements and to assess the mechanical consequences of this reflex activity. Specifically we sought to define the changes in the electromyographic (EMG) and mechanical responses to a stretch as a function of the phase of the step cycle. We recorded the ankle position of a normal subject walking on a treadmill at 3 km/h and used a hydraulic actuator to impose the same movements on supine subjects generating a constant level of ankle torque. Small pulse displacements, superimposed on the simulated walking movement, evoked stretch reflexes at different phases of the cycle. Three major findings resulted: 1) soleus reflex EMG responses were influenced strongly by imposed walking movements. The response amplitude was substantially smaller than that observed during steady-state conditions and was modulated throughout the step cycle. This modulation was qualitatively similar to that observed during active walking. Because central factors were held constant during the imposed walking experiments, we conclude that peripheral mechanisms were capable of both reducing the amplitude of the reflex EMG and producing its modulation throughout the movement. 2) Pulse disturbances applied from early to midstance of the imposed walking cycle generated large reflex torques, suggesting that the stretch reflex could help to resist unexpected perturbations during this phase of walking. In contrast, pulses applied during late stance and swing phase generated little reflex torque. 3) Reflex EMG and reflex torque were modulated differently throughout the imposed walking cycle. In fact, at the time when the reflex EMG response was largest, the corresponding reflex torque was negligible. Thus movement not only changes the reflex EMG but greatly modifies the mechanical output that results.  (+info)

The gamma-subunit rotation and torque generation in F1-ATPase from wild-type or uncoupled mutant Escherichia coli. (6/952)

The rotation of the gamma-subunit has been included in the binding-change mechanism of ATP synthesis/hydrolysis by the proton ATP synthase (FOF1). The Escherichia coli ATP synthase was engineered for rotation studies such that its ATP hydrolysis and synthesis activity is similar to that of wild type. A fluorescently labeled actin filament connected to the gamma-subunit of the F1 sector rotated on addition of ATP. This progress enabled us to analyze the gammaM23K (the gamma-subunit Met-23 replaced by Lys) mutant, which is defective in energy coupling between catalysis and proton translocation. We found that the F1 sector produced essentially the same frictional torque, regardless of the mutation. These results suggest that the gammaM23K mutant is defective in the transformation of the mechanical work into proton translocation or vice versa.  (+info)

An unlearned principle for controlling natural movements. (7/952)

Recently, Gottlieb and colleagues discovered a linear relation between elbow and shoulder dynamic torque in natural pointing movements in the sagittal plane. The present study investigates if the process of learning to reach involves discovering this linearity principle. We inspected torque data from four infants who were learning to reach and grab a toy in front of them. In a longitudinal study, we collected data both in the period before and after they performed their first successful reaches. Torque profiles at the shoulder and elbow were typically multipeaked and became more and more biphasic toward the end of the first year of life. Torques at the shoulder and elbow were correlated tightly for movements in the prereaching period as well as for reaches later in the year. Furthermore, slopes of a regression of shoulder dynamic torque on elbow dynamic torque were remarkably constant at a value approximately 2.5-3.0. If linear synergy is used by the nervous system to reduce the controlled degrees of freedom, it will act as a strong constraint on the complex of possible coordination patterns for arm movement early in life. Natural reaching movements can capitalize on this constraint because it simplifies the process of learning to reach.  (+info)

The influence of maxillary incisor inclination on arch length. (8/952)

This ex vivo study was designed to investigate Andrews' hypothesis that there is a space implication when incisors are torqued correctly. A working model was constructed to allow acrylic typodont incisors of varying known values of inclination to be substituted into the model. The arch lengths of the various 'set-ups' were measured using a reflex microscope linked to a PC. In order to quantify the space requirement of clinical relevance for adequate incisor torque, the method was repeated by substituting replicas of patients' 'natural' incisors. For both acrylic and natural incisors it was found that, as the inclination of the teeth increased, there was an increase in all arch lengths, this being greater for the natural incisors. This larger increase for the natural incisors was related not only to their increased size, but was also dependent on the morphology of the incisor. Those incisors which were parallel-sided showed the greatest increase in arch length, whereas the incisors that were relatively triangular in shape showed the smallest increase. When the inclination of an 'average' set of 21/12 is increased by 5 degrees, an increase in the arch length of approximately 1 mm may be expected.  (+info)

DNA virus infections can cause a wide range of diseases, from mild cold-like symptoms to life-threatening conditions such as cancer. Some common symptoms of DNA virus infections include fever, fatigue, muscle pain, and swollen lymph nodes. In severe cases, DNA virus infections can lead to organ failure, sepsis, and even death.

There are several ways that DNA viruses can be transmitted to humans, including:

1. Contact with an infected person or animal
2. Contaminated food or water
3. Insect or tick bites
4. Healthcare exposure
5. Mother-to-child transmission during pregnancy or childbirth

Some of the most common DNA virus infections include:

1. Herpes simplex virus (HSV) - Causes cold sores and genital herpes.
2. Human papillomavirus (HPV) - Causes cervical cancer, as well as other types of cancer and genital warts.
3. Hepatitis B virus (HBV) - Causes liver cancer and liver disease.
4. Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) - Causes infectious mononucleosis.
5. Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) - Causes AIDS.

Diagnosis of DNA virus infections typically involves a combination of physical examination, medical history, and laboratory tests such as PCR (polymerase chain reaction) or ELISA (enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay) to detect the presence of viral antigens or genetic material.

Treatment for DNA virus infections varies depending on the specific virus and the severity of the infection. Some common treatments include:

1. Antiviral medications - Used to suppress the replication of the virus.
2. Immune modulators - Used to boost the body's immune system to fight the virus.
3. Vaccines - Used to prevent infection with certain viruses, such as HPV and HBV.
4. Supportive care - Used to manage symptoms such as pain, fever, and fatigue.
5. Lifestyle modifications - Such as avoiding exposure to the virus, practicing good hygiene, and getting plenty of rest.

There are several causes of muscle weakness, including:

1. Neuromuscular diseases: These are disorders that affect the nerves that control voluntary muscle movement, such as amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) and polio.
2. Musculoskeletal disorders: These are conditions that affect the muscles, bones, and joints, such as arthritis and fibromyalgia.
3. Metabolic disorders: These are conditions that affect the body's ability to produce energy, such as hypoglycemia and hypothyroidism.
4. Injuries: Muscle weakness can occur due to injuries such as muscle strains and tears.
5. Infections: Certain infections such as botulism and Lyme disease can cause muscle weakness.
6. Nutritional deficiencies: Deficiencies in vitamins and minerals such as vitamin D and B12 can cause muscle weakness.
7. Medications: Certain medications such as steroids and anticonvulsants can cause muscle weakness as a side effect.

The symptoms of muscle weakness can vary depending on the underlying cause, but may include:

1. Fatigue: Feeling tired or weak after performing simple tasks.
2. Lack of strength: Difficulty lifting objects or performing physical activities.
3. Muscle cramps: Spasms or twitches in the muscles.
4. Muscle wasting: Loss of muscle mass and tone.
5. Difficulty speaking or swallowing: In cases where the muscle weakness affects the face, tongue, or throat.
6. Difficulty walking or standing: In cases where the muscle weakness affects the legs or lower back.
7. Droopy facial features: In cases where the muscle weakness affects the facial muscles.

If you are experiencing muscle weakness, it is important to seek medical attention to determine the underlying cause and receive proper treatment. A healthcare professional will perform a physical examination and may order diagnostic tests such as blood tests or imaging studies to help diagnose the cause of the muscle weakness. Treatment will depend on the underlying cause, but may include medication, physical therapy, or lifestyle changes. In some cases, muscle weakness may be a sign of a serious underlying condition that requires prompt medical attention.

Friction torque Mechanical equilibrium Rigid body dynamics Statics Torque converter Torque limiter Torque screwdriver Torque ... The SI unit for torque is the newton-metre (N⋅m). For more on the units of torque, see § Units. The term torque (from Latin ... Look up torque in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. Wikimedia Commons has media related to Torque. "Horsepower and Torque" ... By the definition of torque: torque = radius × force. We can rearrange this to determine force = torque ÷ radius. These two ...
A torque multiplier allows the user to generate high torque output without the use of an air compressor or impact gun. A torque ... Torque multipliers only have a fraction of the final torque pressure on the drive tool making them a safer choice. Torque ... Finally, torque multipliers allow for more accurate torque. By reducing the amount of effort needed to tighten, a torque ... For example, a torque multiplier with a rating of 3:1 will turn its output shaft with three times the torque, but at one third ...
... friction torque is the torque caused by the frictional force that occurs when two objects in contact move. Like all torques, it ... Ball bearings are an example of an attempt to minimize the friction torque. Friction torque can also be an asset in engineering ... Friction torque can be disruptive in engineering. There are a variety of measures engineers may choose to take to eliminate ... When a golf ball hits the ground it begins to spin in part because of the friction torque applied to the golf ball from the ...
A compression adjustment on the spring determines the torque limit. Torque limiting types will limit the torque by slipping (i. ... A torque limiter may limit the torque by slipping (as in a friction plate slip-clutch), or uncouple the load entirely (as in a ... Torque limiters may be packaged as a shaft coupling or as a hub for sprocket or sheave. A torque limiting device is also known ... Over-torque will cause the plates to slip. A simple example is found in a fixed-spool fishing reel, where the slipping torque ...
This includes electronic torque wrenches, click torque wrenches, dial torque wrenches, electric screwdrivers, air screwdrivers ... A torque transducer, similar to a load cell, is an electronic device used to convert torque into an electrical signal. This ... A torque transducer usually consists of four strain gauges in a Wheatstone bridge configuration. Torque transducers of one or ... A torque tester is used as a quality control device to test or calibrate torque controlled tools. ...
Torque, in comics, may refer to: Torque (DC Comics), a DC Comics supervillain Torque, three Marvel Comics characters: Torque ( ... Torque (John Torkelson) at the Comic Book DB (archived from the original) Torque (Torque Magnus) at the Comic Book DB (archived ... Torque, the alias used by John Torkelson, who appeared in Harbinger Torque Magnus, the son of Leeja Clane and Magnus, Robot ... Fighter Torque (disambiguation) Torquemada (comics) Torque (Twisted Sisters) at the Comic Book DB (archived from the original) ...
Battery torque wrench Hydraulic torque wrench Impact wrench Micrometer Newton metre Torque converter Torque limiter Torque ... This type of torque wrench can also be used to determine breakaway torque, prevail torque and the final torque of a tightening ... Torque measurement is achieved in the same way as with a click-type torque wrench but, at the same time, the torque is measured ... Torque screwdrivers and torque wrenches have similar purposes and mechanisms. The first patent for a torque wrench was filed by ...
The torque effect experienced in helicopters and single propeller-powered aircraft is an example of Isaac Newton's third law of ... In a single-propeller plane, the torque effect causes the plane to turn upwards and left in response to the propeller turning ... motion, that "for every action, there is an equal and opposite reaction." In helicopters, the torque effect causes the main ... the plane in the opposite direction of the propeller's clockwise spin.(TorqueT=FR) page on Torque effect ( ...
Torque at IMDb Torque at Rotten Tomatoes Torque at AllMovie Torque at the Internet Movie Cars Database Torque Dual Audio In ... Director of Torque)". Archived from the original on February 2, 2013. "Torque". Rotten Tomatoes. Retrieved 2021-09-09. "Torque ... Torque was released on DVD and VHS on May 18, 2004. It was released on Blu-ray on April 22, 2014. "Torque (2004)". Box Office ... However, Torque was made by Warner Bros, while The Fast and the Furious is made by Universal. Torque specifically references ...
"Torque (6) - Torque". Retrieved December 2, 2018. "Torque - Torque , Songs, Reviews, Credits , AllMusic". AllMusic ... Torque was an American thrash metal band from the San Francisco Bay Area, that was formed in 1994. The band consisted of Phil ... Torque released three demos between 1994 and 1997; the self-titled debut album, released on Mascot Records in 1996, stands as ... ", "Again", and "Shooter". Upon making the decision to form Torque, Demmel entered the studio to re-record the vocals and on ...
... Car Torque website Car Torque official website v t e v t e (Articles needing additional ... Car Torque is a South African television show produced by Hooper Productions, which deals with automotive journalism, including ...
Wikimedia Commons has media related to Torque converters. HowStuffWorks article on torque converters YouTube video about torque ... Torque multiplication has essentially ceased and the torque converter is behaving in a manner similar to a simple fluid ... Some torque converters use multiple stators and/or multiple turbines to provide a wider range of torque multiplication. Such ... At stall, the torque converter can produce maximum torque multiplication if sufficient input power is applied (the resulting ...
Most torque vectoring differentials are on all-wheel drive vehicles. A basic torque vectoring differential varies torque ... "Torque Vectoring and Active Differential". 2009-11-22. Retrieved 2012-03-12. "Torque Vectoring" ( ... Torque vectoring is a technology employed in automobile differentials that has the ability to vary the torque to each half- ... The phrase "Torque Vectoring" was first used by Ricardo in 2006 in relation to their driveline technologies. The torque ...
... was started as a partnership concern in August 1985 with a small investment of 240,000 INR (US$18000). ... Torque pharmaceuticals is an Indian pharmaceutical company with production units at Issapur, Derabassi in Punjab and at ... Torque has been awarded NSIC-CRISIL SE1B credit rating for 'Highest Performance Capability & Moderate Financial Strength', NDA ... A manufacturing unit was set up at Derabassi, Himachal Pradesh in 1994 and the company was named as Torque Pharmaceuticals Pvt ...
A torque motor that cannot perform a complete rotation is known as a limited angle torque motor. Brushless torque motors are ... Driven from a higher voltage, (and so delivering a higher torque), the torque motors can also achieve fast-forward and rewind ... A torque motor is a specialized form of DC electric motor which can operate indefinitely while stalled, without incurring ... Torque motors can be used as actuators for direct-drive mechanisms in some situations where otherwise geared electric motors ...
... Tools Ltd specialises in the manufacture and worldwide distribution of torque tools for torque tightening, ... Torque wrenches were being imported and sold alongside of the honing machines because it was known that uneven torque ... Electric torque wrench Hydraulic torque wrench GKN Global Engineering Group Official Website ""GKN PLC : Home". Archived from ... In November 1989, Norbar became the first torque tool manufacturer in the United Kingdom to have a torque laboratory accredited ...
"Torque celebrates 5th year in Phl". The Philippine Star. Retrieved 27 January 2014. "Torque Mobile launches EGO Series Boost ... "Latest News tagged "torque" - News". Retrieved 2017-04-08. "New #Headturners Phablets from Torque Mobile ... Torque Mobile is a Philippine smartphone and tablet brand owned and operated by Topstrasse Global, Inc. It was founded by ... "Torque". Retrieved 2019-10-16. (Orphaned articles from April 2017, All orphaned articles, Pages using Infobox ...
... although the torque applied to it is the torque of the motor driving the system, as opposed to the much smaller torque applied ... A torque amplifier is a mechanical device that amplifies the torque of a rotating shaft without affecting its rotational speed ... The torque amplifier was the advance that allowed these machines to work. A torque amplifier is essentially two capstans ... It differs from a torque converter, in which the rotational speed of the output shaft decreases as the torque increases. The ...
In physics and engineering, torque is the tendency of a force to rotate an object. Torque can also refer to: Torque, a townland ... a supervillain Torque (Marvel Comics), an X-People superhero Torque, in the television series A Man Called Sloane Torque, in ... a Uruguayan football club Torc, or torque, a type of ancient jewelry Toque, a type of hat Torc (disambiguation) Tork ( ... hosted by Peter Wherrett Torque (game engine), a game engine Kyocera Torque, a ruggedized Android smartphone Torque, an Android ...
... Show home page TV One page AA Torque magazine (Articles lacking ... The AA Torque Show was a New Zealand television series about motor vehicles, mainly cars. The half-hour programme was first ... AA Torque magazine is a publication produced by Fairfax Media which shares some contributors, editors and features with the TV ...
Rudimentary torque tube The "torque" that is referred to in the name is not that of the driveshaft, along the axis of the car, ... A type of ball and socket joint called a "torque ball" is used at one end of the torque tube to allow relative motion between ... For many of those years, Chevrolet used the torque tube, while Buick used it starting in 1906 (in the model D). The torque tube ... The Mercedes SLS has a torque tube, but only to align the transaxle with the engine. The Chevrolet Corvette has used a torque ...
... high engine torque, or some combination of the two. Torque steer is distinct from steering kickback. Root causes for torque ... Equalise the torque better between the driveshafts by using a low friction differential. The torque difference is zero if the ... Reduce the amount of torque from the front axle by passing part of torque to the rear axle. This is achieved on all-wheel-drive ... Torque steer is the unintended influence of engine torque on the steering, especially in front-wheel-drive vehicles. For ...
... is a measure of the torque-carrying capability of a mechanical component. It is the ratio of torque capability ... Torque density is a system property since it depends on the design of each element of the component being examined and their ... In SI units, torque density is expressed in joules per cubic metre or equivalently newton-metres per cubic metre (though ... The relative torque densities of the devices may be an important determinant for which design is ultimately selected, although ...
... results in torque as well as speed ripple; however, at high speed the motor moment of inertia filters out the ... Cogging torque of electrical motors is the torque due to the interaction between the permanent magnets of the rotor and the ... It is also known as detent or no-current torque. This torque is position dependent and its periodicity per revolution depends ... A slotless and coreless permanent magnet motor does not have any cogging torque. Torque ripple Dual-rotor permanent magnet ...
MMO Huts gave Project Torque a "Good" rating saying, "Project Torque is a really polished and fun racing MMO." They also noted ... "We did it! » Project Torque". Project Torque. 2019-08-08. Archived from the original on 2019-09-03. Retrieved 2019-09-02. " ... Swift (Swift World) (October 28, 2007). "Project Torque Review". Retrieved June 3, 2010. Kei Beneza (OnRPG). "Project Torque ... Users on MMORPG Center gave Project Torque a 9.3/10. Swift World rated Project Torque a 7/10 for great gameplay, but mentioned ...
... is the torque produced by a mechanical device whose output rotational speed is zero. It may also mean the torque ... A hydrodynamic torque multiplier (torque converter) produces stall torque when the load prevents the turbine (output stage) ... the stall torque may refer to the torque load that causes the engine to stall. The actual amount of torque is dependent on ... Stall torque is often expressed in units of kg·cm. Electric motors continue to provide torque when stalled. However, electric ...
... (also known as occipital bending (OB) or counterclockwise brain torque) is the tendency of the right side of ... Yakovlevian torque is found in modern humans and fossil hominids, appearing reliably as early as Homo erectus. The patterning ... Stated in another way, Yakovlevian Torque can be defined by the existence of right-frontal and left-occipital petalias, which ... Individuals with mixed-handedness or left-handedness show reduced levels of Yakovlevian torque. Reduced right-frontal and left- ...
Most torque screwdrivers allow the torque to be set to any value within a range. All have a torque-limiting clutch that ... Torque may not be controlled as accurately as by electrically powered tools. Torque wrench Torque tester Specification of Skil ... Torque screwdrivers and torque wrenches have similar purposes and mechanisms. The clutch is the component that defines a torque ... manual torque screwdrivers, and cordless torque screwdrivers. Each type has the ability to preset a specified torque value. In ...
Torque Online is also the most popular method of subscribing to the publication. The two main editors of Torque are (were?) ... Torque magazine is a monthly motorsport magazine which is published by The Race Drivers Academy in the United Kingdom. It was ... Whilst the main objective initially was to document news and mini biographies of The Race Drivers Academy's drivers, Torque has ... Archived 2006-01-31 at the Wayback Machine Richard Puddle at ...
PRNewswire/ -- Pressure-management specialist Elfab ( has introduced a range of pre-torque holders for its metal ... New Pre-Torque Holders Facilitate Difficult Rupture Disc Installations India - English * USA - English ... The pre-torque holders are supplied in either forward- or reverse-acting formats, and have been designed to be compatible with ... The pre-torque holders will allow even more rupture disc users to benefit from Elfabs technically advanced designs and ...
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... is an automotive news provider by Hareyan Publishing, LLC, dedicated to covering the latest news, reviews and ... Torque News provides a fresh perspective not found on other auto websites with unique pieces on design, international events, ...
... - Feb 19, 2014 - Dover Flexo Electronics, Inc. ... Dover Flexo Electronics Announces Release of EasyWeb(TM) Torque Controller. EasyWeb™ Torque Controller Is Perfect for ... Torque Controller.. The EasyWeb™ Torque Controller is a lower-cost solution for applications in which precise tension control ... Torque Controller maintains constant web tension.. Dover Flexo Electronics, Inc. Feb 19, 2014 ...
... spin-orbit torque driven magnetization reversal of in-plane magne ... The spin-orbit torque is generated by running a current through ... We image the magnetization before and after a current pulse to see the effect of spin-orbit torque on the magnetic ... We use scanning electron microscopy with polarization analysis (SEMPA) to image deterministic, spin-orbit torque driven ... and magnetic domain structure on magnetization switching driven by spin-orbit torque. ...
Torque and angular acceleration. AP.PHYS: INT‑3.F (EU), INT‑3.F.1 (EK), INT‑3.F.1.1 (LO), INT‑3.F.1.2 (LO), INT‑3.F.1.5 (LO), ...
Cessna Brass Shim Torque Link Cessna Brass Shim Torque Link. ... Home / Airframe Parts / Cessna Parts / Torque Link Parts / ... Work perfect for tightening things up in the torque links. 3 sizes helps too. I used the thinnest ones and that was easier t ... If you have a single engine, tricycle gear Cessna, you will need these in your torque links to prevent shimmy. ...
Noxious Torque Attack & Move listings for Pokémon Scarlet & Violet. Details all stats for each move and each Pokémon that can ...
Corsair Blazes With Dominator Platinum Special Edition Torque RAM. NEWS TECH CARS GAMING ENTERTAINMENT SCIENCE HEALTH REVIEWS ... Because the new DOMINATOR PLATINUM Special Edition Torque promises blazing fast speeds that wont burn your PC from the inside. ... The Corsair DOMINATOR PLATINUM Special Edition Torque comes in two 32 GB configurations, both using DDR4 3200 RAM. One consists ... To make sure you dont forget the DOMINATOR PLATINUM Torques blazing hot personality, figuratively of course, Corsair has ...
This limited-edition Torque is your chance to get the same freeride bike as ridden by MTB star Fabio Wibmer! With mullet wheel ... CF Grand Canyon Grand Canyon Lux Lux World Cup CFR Lux World Cup CF Lux Trail Downhill Torque Torque Mullet Torque 29 Torque ... Spectral 27.5 Enduro Spectral Spectral Mullet Spectral 29 Spectral 27.5 Strive Strive CFR Torque Torque Mullet Torque 29 Torque ... We ship the Torque in LO setting. When you turn the chip by 180 degrees, the head tube angle and seat tube angle get 0.5° ...
Remove the brush bar from the High Torque cleaner head and clear away any hair or fibres. Check the neck of the cleaner head ( ... Remove the brush bar from the High Torque cleaner head and clear away any hair or fibres. Check the neck of the cleaner head ( ... Remove the brush bar from the High Torque cleaner head and clear away any hair or fibres. Check the neck of the cleaner head ( ... With the High Torque cleaner head removed from the machine, turn it over and undo the fastener. ...
Assess the workload of workers based on their joint torque ...
... torque = force * lever arm length. τ = F *a. τ: newton meters. ... Torque , Law of the Lever , Inclined Plane , Drag Coefficient , Magnetic Flux Density , Decibel , Sound Pressure , Wavelength ...
One side calculates torque value and the other , Plant Engineering ... Damper Torque Calculator/ Direct Coupled Damper Actuator Selector looks and works like a slide rule. ... Damper the torque Damper Torque Calculator/ Direct Coupled Damper Actuator Selector looks and works like a slide rule. One side ... Damper Torque Calculator/ Direct Coupled Damper Actuator Selector looks and works like a slide rule. One side calculates torque ...
Need torques spec for axle nut on 2001 Seville SLS. Cant find it in my Haynes Manual. I know! I should have a Chiltons Manual ... Torque Specs. 7634 Views 5 Replies 3 Participants Last post by Ranger, Jun 1, 2009. ... Need torques spec for axle nut on 2001 Seville SLS. Cant find it in my Haynes Manual. I know! I should have a Chiltons Manual ... It was a 34mm socket... I borrowed the socket and torque wrench from Autozone under their Loan-a-Tool program. As far as the ...
Torque Link. Torque Link,Mustang/Capri 1979-93, Competition Engineering has developed an engine limiting device specifically ... Removable Torque Link is installed with supplied pins and clips, limiting engine movement for racing use• Torque Link can then ...
AutoZone offers Free In-store Pickup for Cadillac Torque Converter Clutch Solenoid. Order yours online today and pick up from ...
Canyons new Torque:ON CF aims to bring agility and range to a bike park lapping monster. Hannah gives it a first ride review. ... Its quite a different beast to the alloy Torque:ON, and something of a step-sibling to the non-electric Torque. Hannah was out ... Canyon Torque:ON Pricing. *Torque:ON CF 8: € 5,999 / £5,749 (720 Wh) or € 6,399 / £6,099 (900 Wh) ... the Torque:ON may even be a touch lighter. Perhaps my brain was fooled by the beefy appearance of the Torque:ON. ...
... the Torq Thrust has asserted itself as the most iconic muscle car wheel ever produced. Since its 1963 debut, the Torq Thrust ... Whether youre restoring your hotrod or adding some classic flair to your new-age muscle car, the Torq Thrust Series has style ... CLASSIC TORQ THRUST II CUSTOM Cast Center Forged Barrel Starting at $512.00 ... Torq Thrust {{"title":"News","url":"https:\/\/\/media\/wysiwyg\/americanracing\/blog\/main\/ar-news-slim- ...
... which meant Web Torque could concentrate on developing the website without worrying about hosting, security and maintenance ...
Quebec-based company will build 787 Dreamliner torque tubes at Laval, Que., facility ... Heroux-Devtek to supply torque tubes for Boeings Dreamliner by Canadian Manufacturing Staff August 7, 2014. ... Based in Longueuil, Que., Heroux-Devtek has for years built torque tubes, essentially control rods inside the wing that push ... a multi-year deal to manufacture torque tubes for its 787 Dreamliner passenger jet. ...
A torque limiter may limit the torque by slipping a friction plate clutch or disconnecting the load entirely. The action of a ... torque. Spring engaged tooth clutches, with up to 72,000 in-lbs. torque, are the ultimate holding device. Single and double- ... Nexens Torque Limiters protect the drive and driven components from damage associated with torque overloads caused by material ... The Nexen Ball Screw Brake is a high-torque, spring-engaged brake acting on the machined end of a ball screw. It serves as a ...
Torque teno virus 4 1). Taxonomy ID: 687343 (for references in articles please use NCBI:txid687343). current name. Torque teno ... 648019652: Torque teno virus 4. organism-specific. Integrated Microbial Genomes. Torque teno virus 4. taxonomy/phylogenetic. ...
More specifically, low-speed high-torque hydraulic motors offer even more advantages to the product designer. In many cases ... Citation: Sumpter, W., "Advantages of Low-Speed High-Torque Hydraulic Motors when Applied on Farm, Construction, or Industrial ... Advantages of Low-Speed High-Torque Hydraulic Motors when Applied on Farm, Construction, or Industrial Machinery 720769. ...
We stock an impressive range of car and van torque converter parts and spares. All makes and models catered for. Input your reg ... BMW 3 Series Torque Converter 318 Petrol 2.0 Auto E46 Torque Converter 2002. RN12204525 ... Mercedes E Class Torque Converter 2002-2005 W211 E220 CDi Torque Converter. RN13254127 ... Mercedes EClass AMG Torque Converter A2312500002 W207 E200 Torque Converter 2016. RN11065489 ...
Use left/right arrows to navigate the slideshow or swipe left/right if using a mobile ...
Penn Museum Object 30-33-30A - Torque
Direct drive torque motors from the 8LT series are permanently excited torque motors for applications that require ... The 8LT torque motors are designed as complete motors. Unlike built-in motors, there is no need to install bearings and ... The 8LT series torque motors provide the user with the highest degree of flexibility - the ideal basis for mechatronic and ... a relatively compact structure with a higher degree of rigidity and more dynamic properties as well as low detent torque. The ...
Use these data to determine the relationships between torque, force, and effort arm for the different levers. ...
  • With options for high speed, high torque and zero backlash, Nexen Ring Drives can be optimized for every application. (
  • More specifically, low-speed high-torque hydraulic motors offer even more advantages to the product designer. (
  • While most studies assess muscle force by peak torque, the rate of torque development (RTD) reflects a dynamic component of muscle performance that is important for physical function. (
  • Using data from the Baltimore Longitudinal Study of Aging, we assessed whether RTD adds significantly to peak torque in associations with lower extremity performance. (
  • Peak torque was assessed by isometric and 30 deg/s isokinetic knee extension tests. (
  • Most studies measure muscle performance as peak torque (PT), which does not account for speed component. (
  • Peak RTD was operationalized as the maximum torque-time slope among successive 50 ms epochs over the first 3 s of a test of knee extension isometric strength, with the knee joint positioned at 120 deg of flexion. (
  • Shown above, a research participant performs an isometric torque test to measure arm strength. (
  • I borrowed the socket and torque wrench from Autozone under their Loan-a-Tool program. (
  • Scrap processor struck by wrench and dies after makeshift torque system fails, Kentucky. (
  • We use scanning electron microscopy with polarization analysis (SEMPA) to image deterministic, spin-orbit torque driven magnetization reversal of in-plane magnetized CoFeB rectangles in zero applied magnetic field. (
  • The spin-orbit torque is generated by running a current through heavy metal microstrips, either Pt or Ta, upon which the CoFeB rectangles are deposited. (
  • We image the magnetization before and after a current pulse to see the effect of spin-orbit torque on the magnetic nanostructure. (
  • Our results elucidate the effects of current density, geometry, and magnetic domain structure on magnetization switching driven by spin-orbit torque. (
  • ADD Adds new torque centers for the selected atoms, leaving existing torque centers intact. (
  • Canyon has launched the new Torque:ON CF, an electric self-uplift bike, this time in carbon fibre. (
  • Torque News is an automotive news provider by Hareyan Publishing, LLC, dedicated to covering the latest news, reviews and opinions about the car industry. (
  • Torque News provides a fresh perspective not found on other auto websites with unique pieces on design, international events, product news and industry trends. (
  • Passive exoskeletons support a posture or movement using unpowered mechanisms (e.g., springs, dampers, or counterbalance forces), whereas active exoskeletons involve powered force/torque generating elements (e.g., electric motors, pneumatics, or hydraulics). (
  • Currently, coordinates are not assigned explicitly to torque centers, only internal rotations and torques are stored (as this is all that is required by the MSCALE implementation). (
  • Suitable for applications in which precise tension control is not essential, EasyWeb™ Open-Loop Torque Controller provides taper tension to center-driven rewind or unwind operations. (
  • The EasyWeb™ is an open-loop torque controller that maintains constant web tension and provides taper tension to center-driven rewind or unwind applications. (
  • Body construction: ALL Each atom in the selection should be given its own torque center (located at the atomic coordinates). (
  • This allows the 3x3 rotation matrix of each torque center to be passed to slaves and the 1x3 torques to be returned to the master process. (
  • Web tension is regulated by controlling motor or brake torque based on varying levels of roll diameter. (
  • With each step, a motor provided torque at the ankle, helping the user to push off. (
  • Heroux-Devtek has for years built torque tubes, essentially control rods inside the wing that push and pull flaps during landing, for Chicago-based Boeing's 737 and 777 programs. (
  • Torque CF 29 and it's still a matter of some regret that I didn't buy it after the test. (
  • If you have a single engine, tricycle gear Cessna, you will need these in your torque links to prevent shimmy. (
  • Damper Torque Calculator/ Direct Coupled Damper Actuator Selector looks and works like a slide rule. (
  • Currently, the TORQue command can only be used to define torque centers for use with the TORQue option to MSCALe (see mscale.doc for details). (
  • The designers wanted to keep the 63.5° head angle of the non-electric Torque, and wanted to create a bike with the range to ride further than the existing Torque:ON AL offered. (
  • But riding bikes is my job, whether they hurt my eyes or not, so I dutifully adorned my body with all the D30 I own (Fabien Barel had said he wouldn't ride the Torque without his full face and back protector, it seemed prudent to heed that advice) and prepared to ride. (
  • Rochester, NH - Dover Flexo Electronics, which manufactures, sells, and services a complete line of tension measurement, tension display, and tension control products for a wide variety of industries worldwide, announces the release of its EasyWeb™ Torque Controller. (
  • The EasyWeb™ Torque Controller is a lower-cost solution for applications in which precise tension control is not essential. (
  • One side calculates torque value and the other selects an appropriate actuator by control signal. (
  • It's quite a different beast to the alloy Torque:ON, and something of a step-sibling to the non-electric Torque. (
  • For more information on the EasyWeb™ Torque Controller and the rest of Dover Flexo Electronics's product lines, please email [email protected] , call (603) 332-6150, fax (603) 332-3758, or visit . (
  • This limited-edition Torque is your chance to get the same freeride bike as ridden by MTB star Fabio Wibmer! (
  • It goes without saying that on the Torque CF Fabio Wibmer, we exclusively fit components that Fabio uses on his own bike, and. (
  • So then, my love of the standard Torque along with my definitely not love-at-first-sight combined to dampen my enthusiasm for testing out this bike. (
  • Pressure-management specialist Elfab ( ) has introduced a range of pre-torque holders for its metal rupture discs. (
  • The pre-torque holders are supplied in either forward- or reverse-acting formats, and have been designed to be compatible with Elfab's unique magnetic burst detection system, Flo-Tel™+, in keeping with the rest of the company's holder range. (
  • Effect of aging on fracture resistance and torque loss of restorations supported by zirconia and polyetheretherketone abutments: An in vitro study. (
  • The purpose of this in vitro study was to compare the effect of aging on the fracture resistance, failure mode, and torque loss of restorations made of zirconia and ceramic -reinforced polyetheretherketone (PEEK) abutments with titanium bases. (
  • The torque converter is a fluid coupling that is bolted to the flywheel of the engine and uses fins to turn at the same speed as the flywheel. (
  • The site is hosted on the SilverStripe Platform, which meant Web Torque could concentrate on developing the website without worrying about hosting, security and maintenance issues. (