Toothpastes: Dentifrices that are formulated into a paste form. They typically contain abrasives, HUMECTANTS; DETERGENTS; FLAVORING AGENTS; and CARIOSTATIC AGENTS.Dental Caries: Localized destruction of the tooth surface initiated by decalcification of the enamel followed by enzymatic lysis of organic structures and leading to cavity formation. If left unchecked, the cavity may penetrate the enamel and dentin and reach the pulp.Dental Caries Susceptibility: The predisposition to tooth decay (DENTAL CARIES).DMF Index: "Decayed, missing and filled teeth," a routinely used statistical concept in dentistry.Cariostatic Agents: Substances that inhibit or arrest DENTAL CARIES formation. (Boucher's Clinical Dental Terminology, 4th ed)Toothbrushing: The act of cleaning teeth with a brush to remove plaque and prevent tooth decay. (From Webster, 3d ed)Dental Caries Activity Tests: Diagnostic tests conducted in order to measure the increment of active DENTAL CARIES over a period of time.Fluorides: Inorganic salts of hydrofluoric acid, HF, in which the fluorine atom is in the -1 oxidation state. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed) Sodium and stannous salts are commonly used in dentifrices.Dental Care: The total of dental diagnostic, preventive, and restorative services provided to meet the needs of a patient (from Illustrated Dictionary of Dentistry, 1982).Root Caries: Dental caries involving the tooth root, cementum, or cervical area of the tooth.Streptococcus mutans: A polysaccharide-producing species of STREPTOCOCCUS isolated from human dental plaque.Oral Hygiene: The practice of personal hygiene of the mouth. It includes the maintenance of oral cleanliness, tissue tone, and general preservation of oral health.Fluorosis, Dental: A chronic endemic form of hypoplasia of the dental enamel caused by drinking water with a high fluorine content during the time of tooth formation, and characterized by defective calcification that gives a white chalky appearance to the enamel, which gradually undergoes brown discoloration. (Jablonski's Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p286)Diet, Cariogenic: A diet that contributes to the development and advancement of DENTAL CARIES.Dental Plaque: A film that attaches to teeth, often causing DENTAL CARIES and GINGIVITIS. It is composed of MUCINS, secreted from salivary glands, and microorganisms.Fluoridation: Practice of adding fluoride to water for the purpose of preventing tooth decay and cavities.Fluorides, Topical: Fluorides, usually in pastes or gels, used for topical application to reduce the incidence of DENTAL CARIES.Tooth, Deciduous: The teeth of the first dentition, which are shed and replaced by the permanent teeth.Tooth Demineralization: A tooth's loss of minerals, such as calcium in hydroxyapatite from the tooth matrix, caused by acidic exposure. An example of the occurrence of demineralization is in the formation of dental caries.Education, Dental: Use for articles concerning dental education in general.Tooth Remineralization: Therapeutic technique for replacement of minerals in partially decalcified teeth.Pit and Fissure Sealants: Agents used to occlude dental enamel pits and fissures in the prevention of dental caries.Schools, Dental: Educational institutions for individuals specializing in the field of dentistry.Mouthwashes: Solutions for rinsing the mouth, possessing cleansing, germicidal, or palliative properties. (From Boucher's Clinical Dental Terminology, 4th ed)Dental Care for Children: The giving of attention to the special dental needs of children, including the prevention of tooth diseases and instruction in dental hygiene and dental health. The dental care may include the services provided by dental specialists.Dental Enamel: A hard thin translucent layer of calcified substance which envelops and protects the dentin of the crown of the tooth. It is the hardest substance in the body and is almost entirely composed of calcium salts. Under the microscope, it is composed of thin rods (enamel prisms) held together by cementing substance, and surrounded by an enamel sheath. (From Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p286)Students, Dental: Individuals enrolled a school of dentistry or a formal educational program in leading to a degree in dentistry.Oral Health: The optimal state of the mouth and normal functioning of the organs of the mouth without evidence of disease.Dentifrices: Any preparations used for cleansing teeth; they usually contain an abrasive, detergent, binder and flavoring agent and may exist in the form of liquid, paste or powder; may also contain medicaments and caries preventives.Tooth Bleaching Agents: Chemicals that are used to oxidize pigments in TEETH and thus effect whitening.Dental Restoration, Permanent: A restoration designed to remain in service for not less than 20 to 30 years, usually made of gold casting, cohesive gold, or amalgam. (Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992)Dental Health Surveys: A systematic collection of factual data pertaining to dental or oral health and disease in a human population within a given geographic area.Cariogenic Agents: Substances that promote DENTAL CARIES.Saliva: The clear, viscous fluid secreted by the SALIVARY GLANDS and mucous glands of the mouth. It contains MUCINS, water, organic salts, and ptylin.Oral Hygiene Index: A combination of the debris index and the dental calculus index to determine the status of oral hygiene.Tin Fluorides: Inorganic fluorides of tin. They include both stannic fluoride (tin tetrafluoride) and stannous fluoride (tin difluoride). The latter is used in the prevention of dental caries.Dental Clinics: Facilities where dental care is provided to patients.Insurance, Dental: Insurance providing coverage for dental care.Health Education, Dental: Education which increases the awareness and favorably influences the attitudes and knowledge relating to the improvement of dental health on a personal or community basis.Dentition, Permanent: The 32 teeth of adulthood that either replace or are added to the complement of deciduous teeth. (Boucher's Clinical Dental Terminology, 4th ed)Dental Plaque Index: An index which scores the degree of dental plaque accumulation.Dental Health Services: Services designed to promote, maintain, or restore dental health.Dental Care for Chronically Ill: Dental care for patients with chronic diseases. These diseases include chronic cardiovascular, endocrinologic, hematologic, immunologic, neoplastic, and renal diseases. The concept does not include dental care for the mentally or physically disabled which is DENTAL CARE FOR DISABLED.Streptococcus sobrinus: A species of gram-positive, coccoid bacteria isolated from the human tooth surface. Strains have been shown to be cariogenic in experimental animals and may be associated with human dental caries.Dental Research: The study of laws, theories, and hypotheses through a systematic examination of pertinent facts and their interpretation in the field of dentistry. (From Jablonski, Illustrated Dictionary of Dentistry, 1982, p674)Dental Pulp: A richly vascularized and innervated connective tissue of mesodermal origin, contained in the central cavity of a tooth and delimited by the dentin, and having formative, nutritive, sensory, and protective functions. (Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992)Dental Care for Aged: The giving of attention to the special dental needs of the elderly for proper maintenance or treatment. The dental care may include the services provided by dental specialists.Dental Pellicle: A thin protein film on the surface of DENTAL ENAMEL. It is widely believed to result from the selective adsorption of precursor proteins present in SALIVA onto tooth surfaces, and to reduce microbial adherence to the TEETH.School Dentistry: Preventive dental services provided for students in primary and secondary schools.Tooth Abrasion: The pathologic wearing away of the tooth substance by brushing, bruxism, clenching, and other mechanical causes. It is differentiated from TOOTH ATTRITION in that this type of wearing away is the result of tooth-to-tooth contact, as in mastication, occurring only on the occlusal, incisal, and proximal surfaces. It differs also from TOOTH EROSION, the progressive loss of the hard substance of a tooth by chemical processes not involving bacterial action. (From Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p2)Dental Hygienists: Persons trained in an accredited school or dental college and licensed by the state in which they reside to provide dental prophylaxis under the direction of a licensed dentist.Molar: The most posterior teeth on either side of the jaw, totaling eight in the deciduous dentition (2 on each side, upper and lower), and usually 12 in the permanent dentition (three on each side, upper and lower). They are grinding teeth, having large crowns and broad chewing surfaces. (Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p821)Dentin SensitivityDentin: The hard portion of the tooth surrounding the pulp, covered by enamel on the crown and cementum on the root, which is harder and denser than bone but softer than enamel, and is thus readily abraded when left unprotected. (From Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992)Faculty, Dental: The teaching staff and members of the administrative staff having academic rank in a dental school.Ion-Selective Electrodes: Electrodes which can be used to measure the concentration of particular ions in cells, tissues, or solutions.Sodium Fluoride: A source of inorganic fluoride which is used topically to prevent dental caries.Xylitol: A five-carbon sugar alcohol derived from XYLOSE by reduction of the carbonyl group. It is as sweet as sucrose and used as a noncariogenic sweetener.Tooth Loss: The failure to retain teeth as a result of disease or injury.Dental Care for Disabled: Dental care for the emotionally, mentally, or physically disabled patient. It does not include dental care for the chronically ill ( = DENTAL CARE FOR CHRONICALLY ILL).Preventive Dentistry: The branch of dentistry concerned with the prevention of disease and the maintenance and promotion of oral health.Dental Atraumatic Restorative Treatment: Treatment modality for DENTAL CARIES that uses manual excavation method and GLASS IONOMER CEMENTS. Because of its noninvasiveness and no need for expensive equipment and anesthesia it is promoted as an approach in places where dental care is not readily available.Dental Fissures: Deep grooves or clefts in the surface of teeth equivalent to class 1 cavities in Black's classification of dental caries.Periodontal Diseases: Pathological processes involving the PERIODONTIUM including the gum (GINGIVA), the alveolar bone (ALVEOLAR PROCESS), the DENTAL CEMENTUM, and the PERIODONTAL LIGAMENT.Chewing Gum: A preparation of chicle, sometimes mixed with other plastic substances, sweetened and flavored. It is masticated usually for pleasure as a candy substitute but it sometimes acts as a vehicle for the administration of medication.Gingivitis: Inflammation of gum tissue (GINGIVA) without loss of connective tissue.Dental Anxiety: Abnormal fear or dread of visiting the dentist for preventive care or therapy and unwarranted anxiety over dental procedures.Radiography, Dental: Radiographic techniques used in dentistry.Evidence-Based Dentistry: An approach or process of practicing oral health care that requires the judicious integration of systematic assessments of clinical relevant scientific evidence, relating to the patient's oral and medical condition and history, with the dentist's clinical expertise and the patient's treatment needs and preferences. (from J Am Dent Assoc 134: 689, 2003)Dietary Sucrose: Sucrose present in the diet. It is added to food and drinks as a sweetener.General Practice, Dental: Nonspecialized dental practice which is concerned with providing primary and continuing dental care.Tooth: One of a set of bone-like structures in the mouth used for biting and chewing.Anti-Infective Agents, Local: Substances used on humans and other animals that destroy harmful microorganisms or inhibit their activity. They are distinguished from DISINFECTANTS, which are used on inanimate objects.Dental Auxiliaries: Personnel whose work is prescribed and supervised by the dentist.Dental Devices, Home Care: Devices used in the home by persons to maintain dental and periodontal health. The devices include toothbrushes, dental flosses, water irrigators, gingival stimulators, etc.Dentin Desensitizing Agents: Substances which reduce or eliminate dentinal sensitivity or the pain associated with a source of stimulus (such as touch, heat, or cold) at the orifice of exposed dentinal tubules causing the movement of tubular fluid that in turn stimulates tooth nerve receptors.Tooth Erosion: Progressive loss of the hard substance of a tooth by chemical processes that do not involve bacterial action. (Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p296)Dental Arch: The curve formed by the row of TEETH in their normal position in the JAW. The inferior dental arch is formed by the mandibular teeth, and the superior dental arch by the maxillary teeth.Dental Amalgam: An alloy used in restorative dentistry that contains mercury, silver, tin, copper, and possibly zinc.Dental Records: Data collected during dental examination for the purpose of study, diagnosis, or treatment planning.Periodontal Index: A numerical rating scale for classifying the periodontal status of a person or population with a single figure which takes into consideration prevalence as well as severity of the condition. It is based upon probe measurement of periodontal pockets and on gingival tissue status.Transillumination: Passage of light through body tissues or cavities for examination of internal structures.Tooth DiseasesDental Offices: The room or rooms in which the dentist and dental staff provide care. Offices include all rooms in the dentist's office suite.Chlorhexidine: A disinfectant and topical anti-infective agent used also as mouthwash to prevent oral plaque.Toothache: Pain in the adjacent areas of the teeth.Dentists: Individuals licensed to practice DENTISTRY.Tooth Extraction: The surgical removal of a tooth. (Dorland, 28th ed)Dental Polishing: Creation of a smooth and glossy surface finish on a denture or amalgam.Dental Staff: Personnel who provide dental service to patients in an organized facility, institution or agency.Dental Equipment: The nonexpendable items used by the dentist or dental staff in the performance of professional duties. (From Boucher's Clinical Dental Terminology, 4th ed, p106)Pterocarpus: A plant genus of the family FABACEAE. Members contain TRITERPENES.Mouth, Edentulous: Total lack of teeth through disease or extraction.Dental Service, Hospital: Hospital department providing dental care.Dental Alloys: A mixture of metallic elements or compounds with other metallic or metalloid elements in varying proportions for use in restorative or prosthetic dentistry.Mouth: The oval-shaped oral cavity located at the apex of the digestive tract and consisting of two parts: the vestibule and the oral cavity proper.Dental Pulp Diseases: Endodontic diseases of the DENTAL PULP inside the tooth, which is distinguished from PERIAPICAL DISEASES of the tissue surrounding the root.Candy: Sweet food products combining cane or beet sugars with other carbohydrates and chocolate, milk, eggs, and various flavorings. In the United States, candy refers to both sugar- and cocoa-based confections and is differentiated from sweetened baked goods; elsewhere the terms sugar confectionary, chocolate confectionary, and flour confectionary (meaning goods such as cakes and pastries) are used.Dentist's Practice Patterns: Patterns of practice in dentistry related to diagnosis and treatment.Dental Assistants: Individuals who assist the dentist or the dental hygienist.Anesthesia, Dental: A range of methods used to reduce pain and anxiety during dental procedures.Education, Dental, Continuing: Educational programs designed to inform dentists of recent advances in their fields.Dental Enamel Hypoplasia: An acquired or hereditary condition due to deficiency in the formation of tooth enamel (AMELOGENESIS). It is usually characterized by defective, thin, or malformed DENTAL ENAMEL. Risk factors for enamel hypoplasia include gene mutations, nutritional deficiencies, diseases, and environmental factors.Tooth Bleaching: The use of a chemical oxidizing agent to whiten TEETH. In some procedures the oxidation process is activated by the use of heat or light.Dental Implants: Biocompatible materials placed into (endosseous) or onto (subperiosteal) the jawbone to support a crown, bridge, or artificial tooth, or to stabilize a diseased tooth.Dental Models: Presentation devices used for patient education and technique training in dentistry.Dental Materials: Materials used in the production of dental bases, restorations, impressions, prostheses, etc.Stevia: A plant genus of the family ASTERACEAE. Members contain stevioside and other sweet diterpene glycosides. The leaf is used for sweetening (SWEETENING AGENTS).BrazilRadiography, Bitewing: Technique involving the passage of X-rays through oral structures to create a film record while a central tab or wing of dental X-ray film is being held between upper and lower teeth.Prevalence: The total number of cases of a given disease in a specified population at a designated time. It is differentiated from INCIDENCE, which refers to the number of new cases in the population at a given time.Group Practice, Dental: Any group of three or more full-time dentists, organized in a legally recognized entity for the provision of dental care, sharing space, equipment, personnel and records for both patient care and business management, and who have a predetermined arrangement for the distribution of income.Drinking Water: Water that is intended to be ingested.Stomatognathic Diseases: General or unspecified diseases of the stomatognathic system, comprising the mouth, teeth, jaws, and pharynx.Education, Dental, Graduate: Educational programs for dental graduates entering a specialty. They include formal specialty training as well as academic work in the clinical and basic dental sciences, and may lead to board certification or an advanced dental degree.Dentistry: The profession concerned with the teeth, oral cavity, and associated structures, and the diagnosis and treatment of their diseases including prevention and the restoration of defective and missing tissue.Ethics, Dental: The principles of proper professional conduct concerning the rights and duties of the dentist, relations with patients and fellow practitioners, as well as actions of the dentist in patient care and interpersonal relations with patient families. (From Stedman, 25th ed)Incisor: Any of the eight frontal teeth (four maxillary and four mandibular) having a sharp incisal edge for cutting food and a single root, which occurs in man both as a deciduous and a permanent tooth. (Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p820)Biofilms: Encrustations, formed from microbes (bacteria, algae, fungi, plankton, or protozoa) embedding in extracellular polymers, that adhere to surfaces such as teeth (DENTAL DEPOSITS); PROSTHESES AND IMPLANTS; and catheters. Biofilms are prevented from forming by treating surfaces with DENTIFRICES; DISINFECTANTS; ANTI-INFECTIVE AGENTS; and antifouling agents.Societies, Dental: Societies whose membership is limited to dentists.Technology, Dental: The field of dentistry involved in procedures for designing and constructing dental appliances. It includes also the application of any technology to the field of dentistry.Triclosan: A diphenyl ether derivative used in cosmetics and toilet soaps as an antiseptic. It has some bacteriostatic and fungistatic action.Licensure, Dental: The granting of a license to practice dentistry.Tooth Discoloration: Any change in the hue, color, or translucency of a tooth due to any cause. Restorative filling materials, drugs (both topical and systemic), pulpal necrosis, or hemorrhage may be responsible. (Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p253)Laboratories, Dental: Facilities for the performance of services related to dental treatment but not done directly in the patient's mouth.Diagnosis, Oral: Examination of the mouth and teeth toward the identification and diagnosis of intraoral disease or manifestation of non-oral conditions.Mouth DiseasesDental Prophylaxis: Treatment for the prevention of periodontal diseases or other dental diseases by the cleaning of the teeth in the dental office using the procedures of DENTAL SCALING and DENTAL POLISHING. The treatment may include plaque detection, removal of supra- and subgingival plaque and calculus, application of caries-preventing agents, checking of restorations and prostheses and correcting overhanging margins and proximal contours of restorations, and checking for signs of food impaction.Glucosyltransferases: Enzymes that catalyze the transfer of glucose from a nucleoside diphosphate glucose to an acceptor molecule which is frequently another carbohydrate. EC 2.4.1.-.Specialties, Dental: Various branches of dental practice limited to specialized areas.Dental Calculus: Abnormal concretion or calcified deposit that forms around the teeth or dental prostheses.Fees, Dental: Amounts charged to the patient as payer for dental services.Hardness Tests: A test to determine the relative hardness of a metal, mineral, or other material according to one of several scales, such as Brinell, Mohs, Rockwell, Vickers, or Shore. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)Radiography, Dental, Digital: A rapid, low-dose, digital imaging system using a small intraoral sensor instead of radiographic film, an intensifying screen, and a charge-coupled device. It presents the possibility of reduced patient exposure and minimal distortion, although resolution and latitude are inferior to standard dental radiography. A receiver is placed in the mouth, routing signals to a computer which images the signals on a screen or in print. It includes digitizing from x-ray film or any other detector. (From MEDLINE abstracts; personal communication from Dr. Charles Berthold, NIDR)Pulpitis: Inflammation of the DENTAL PULP, usually due to bacterial infection in dental caries, tooth fracture, or other conditions causing exposure of the pulp to bacterial invasion. Chemical irritants, thermal factors, hyperemic changes, and other factors may also cause pulpitis.Statistics, Nonparametric: A class of statistical methods applicable to a large set of probability distributions used to test for correlation, location, independence, etc. In most nonparametric statistical tests, the original scores or observations are replaced by another variable containing less information. An important class of nonparametric tests employs the ordinal properties of the data. Another class of tests uses information about whether an observation is above or below some fixed value such as the median, and a third class is based on the frequency of the occurrence of runs in the data. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed, p1284; Corsini, Concise Encyclopedia of Psychology, 1987, p764-5)Cross-Sectional Studies: Studies in which the presence or absence of disease or other health-related variables are determined in each member of the study population or in a representative sample at one particular time. This contrasts with LONGITUDINAL STUDIES which are followed over a period of time.Dental Technicians: Individuals responsible for fabrication of dental appliances.Materials Testing: The testing of materials and devices, especially those used for PROSTHESES AND IMPLANTS; SUTURES; TISSUE ADHESIVES; etc., for hardness, strength, durability, safety, efficacy, and biocompatibility.Cuspid: The third tooth to the left and to the right of the midline of either jaw, situated between the second INCISOR and the premolar teeth (BICUSPID). (Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p817)Tooth Wear: Loss of the tooth substance by chemical or mechanical processesTooth Abnormalities: Congenital absence of or defects in structures of the teeth.Dental Restoration Repair: The process of repairing broken or worn parts of a PERMANENT DENTAL RESTORATION.Gingival Overgrowth: Excessive growth of the gingiva either by an increase in the size of the constituent cells (GINGIVAL HYPERTROPHY) or by an increase in their number (GINGIVAL HYPERPLASIA). (From Jablonski's Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p574)Xerostomia: Decreased salivary flow.Practice Management, Dental: The organization and operation of the business aspects of a dental practice.Social Marginalization: Individuals or groups, excluded from participation in the economic, social, and political activities of membership in a community.Dental Cavity Preparation: An operation in which carious material is removed from teeth and biomechanically correct forms are established in the teeth to receive and retain restorations. A constant requirement is provision for prevention of failure of the restoration through recurrence of decay or inadequate resistance to applied stresses. (Boucher's Clinical Dental Terminology, 4th ed, p239-40)Dental Sac: Dense fibrous layer formed from mesodermal tissue that surrounds the epithelial enamel organ. The cells eventually migrate to the external surface of the newly formed root dentin and give rise to the cementoblasts that deposit cementum on the developing root, fibroblasts of the developing periodontal ligament, and osteoblasts of the developing alveolar bone.Bicuspid: One of the eight permanent teeth, two on either side in each jaw, between the canines (CUSPID) and the molars (MOLAR), serving for grinding and crushing food. The upper have two cusps (bicuspid) but the lower have one to three. (Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p822)Bottle Feeding: Use of nursing bottles for feeding. Applies to humans and animals.Crowns: A prosthetic restoration that reproduces the entire surface anatomy of the visible natural crown of a tooth. It may be partial (covering three or more surfaces of a tooth) or complete (covering all surfaces). It is made of gold or other metal, porcelain, or resin.Pediatric Dentistry: The practice of dentistry concerned with the dental problems of children, proper maintenance, and treatment. The dental care may include the services provided by dental specialists.Tooth Injuries: Traumatic or other damage to teeth including fractures (TOOTH FRACTURES) or displacements (TOOTH LUXATION).Dentition, Mixed: The complement of teeth in the jaws after the eruption of some of the permanent teeth but before all the deciduous teeth are absent. (Boucher's Clinical Dental Terminology, 4th ed)Comprehensive Dental Care: Providing for the full range of dental health services for diagnosis, treatment, follow-up, and rehabilitation of patients.Esthetics, Dental: Skills, techniques, standards, and principles used to improve the art and symmetry of the teeth and face to improve the appearance as well as the function of the teeth, mouth, and face. (From Boucher's Clinical Dental Terminology, 4th ed, p108)Dental Deposits: Accumulations of microflora that lead to pathological plaque and calculus which cause PERIODONTAL DISEASES. It can be considered a type of BIOFILMS. It is subtly distinguished from the protective DENTAL PELLICLE.Photography, Dental: Photographic techniques used in ORTHODONTICS; DENTAL ESTHETICS; and patient education.Diamond: Diamond. A crystalline form of carbon that occurs as hard, colorless or tinted isomeric crystals. It is used as a precious stone, for cutting glass, and as bearings for delicate mechanisms. (From Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)Jaw, Edentulous, Partially: Absence of teeth from a portion of the mandible and/or maxilla.Dentist-Patient Relations: The psychological relations between the dentist and patient.Tooth Eruption: The emergence of a tooth from within its follicle in the ALVEOLAR PROCESS of the MAXILLA or MANDIBLE into the ORAL CAVITY. (Boucher's Clinical Dental Terminology, 4th ed)IndiaTelepathy: The knowledge or communication by one person with the mental processes of another through channels other than known physical or perceptual processes.Binomial Distribution: The probability distribution associated with two mutually exclusive outcomes; used to model cumulative incidence rates and prevalence rates. The Bernoulli distribution is a special case of binomial distribution.Tooth Root: The part of a tooth from the neck to the apex, embedded in the alveolar process and covered with cementum. A root may be single or divided into several branches, usually identified by their relative position, e.g., lingual root or buccal root. Single-rooted teeth include mandibular first and second premolars and the maxillary second premolar teeth. The maxillary first premolar has two roots in most cases. Maxillary molars have three roots. (Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p690)Surface Properties: Characteristics or attributes of the outer boundaries of objects, including molecules.Streptococcus: A genus of gram-positive, coccoid bacteria whose organisms occur in pairs or chains. No endospores are produced. Many species exist as commensals or parasites on man or animals with some being highly pathogenic. A few species are saprophytes and occur in the natural environment.Schools, Nursery: Schools for children usually under five years of age.Salvia officinalis: A plant species of the Salvia genus known as a spice and medicinal plant.Infection Control, Dental: Efforts to prevent and control the spread of infections within dental health facilities or those involving provision of dental care.Dental Instruments: Hand-held tools or implements especially used by dental professionals for the performance of clinical tasks.Flame Ionization: Pyrolysis of organic compounds at the temperature of a hydrogen-air flame to produce ionic intermediates which can be collected and the resulting ion current measured by gas chromatography.Dental Papilla: Mesodermal tissue enclosed in the invaginated portion of the epithelial enamel organ and giving rise to the dentin and pulp.Dental Occlusion: The relationship of all the components of the masticatory system in normal function. It has special reference to the position and contact of the maxillary and mandibular teeth for the highest efficiency during the excursive movements of the jaw that are essential for mastication. (From Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p556, p472)Carbon Compounds, Inorganic: Inorganic compounds that contain carbon as an integral part of the molecule but are not derived from hydrocarbons.Dental Prosthesis: An artificial replacement for one or more natural teeth or part of a tooth, or associated structures, ranging from a portion of a tooth to a complete denture. The dental prosthesis is used for cosmetic or functional reasons, or both. DENTURES and specific types of dentures are also available. (From Boucher's Clinical Dental Terminology, 4th ed, p244 & Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p643)Dental Informatics: The application of computer and information sciences to improve dental practice, research, education and management.Dental Pulp Exposure: The result of pathological changes in the hard tissue of a tooth caused by carious lesions, mechanical factors, or trauma, which render the pulp susceptible to bacterial invasion from the external environment.Analysis of Variance: A statistical technique that isolates and assesses the contributions of categorical independent variables to variation in the mean of a continuous dependent variable.Mobile Health Units: Movable or portable facilities in which diagnostic and therapeutic services are provided to the community.Immunoglobulin A, Secretory: The principle immunoglobulin in exocrine secretions such as milk, respiratory and intestinal mucin, saliva and tears. The complete molecule (around 400 kD) is composed of two four-chain units of IMMUNOGLOBULIN A, one SECRETORY COMPONENT and one J chain (IMMUNOGLOBULIN J-CHAINS).
"Fluoride toothpastes of different concentrations for preventing dental caries in children and adolescents". Cochrane Database ... "Effect of fluoride concentration and pH on corrosion behavior of titanium for dental use". Journal of Dental Research. 78 (9): ... "Fluoride Free Toothpaste - Fluoride (Finally!) Explained". 2016-06-27.. *^ McDonagh M. S.; Whiting P. F.; Wilson P. M.; Sutton ... For older children and adults, who are no longer at risk for dental fluorosis, the upper limit of fluoride is set at 10 mg/day ...
Wikipedia:WikiProject Medicine/Cochrane/Cochrane Review List/Musculoskeletal, Oral, Skin and Sensory
One topical fluoride (toothpastes, or mouthrinses, or gels, or varnishes) versus another for preventing dental caries in ... Topical fluoride (toothpastes, mouthrinses, gels or varnishes) for preventing dental caries in children and adolescents PMID ... Fluoride toothpastes for preventing dental caries in children and adolescents PMID 12535435 https://doi.org/10.1002/14651858. ... Chlorhexidine treatment for the prevention of dental caries in children and adolescents PMID 25867816 https://doi.org/10.1002/ ...
Propolisz - Wikipédia
Botushanov, P. I. (2001). „A clinical study of a silicate toothpaste with extract from propolis". Folia Med (Plovdiv) 43 (1-2 ... január 1.). „The influence of a novel propolis on mutans streptococci biofilms and caries development in rats". Arch Oral Biol. ... Koo, H. (November-December 2002). „Effect of a mouthrinse containing selected propolis on 3-day dental plaque accumulation and ... polysaccharide formation". Caries Research 36 (6), 445-8. o. DOI:10.1159/000066535. PMID 12459618. ...
... is more effective than low fluoride toothpaste (< 600ppm) to prevent dental caries. After brushing with fluoride toothpaste, ... may show dental caries before it is otherwise visible, in particular caries between the teeth. Large areas of dental caries are ... Fejerskov O, Nyvad B, Kidd EA (2008) "Pathology of dental caries", pp 20-48 in Fejerskov O, Kidd EAM (eds) Dental caries: The ... Children at 6-12 months are at increased risk of developing dental caries. For other kids aged 12-18 months, dental caries ...
Sodium dodecyl sulfate
Some studies have suggested that SLS in toothpaste may decrease the effectiveness of fluoride at preventing dental caries ( ... Barkvoll, P. (1989-02-01). "[Should toothpastes foam? Sodium lauryl sulfate--a toothpaste detergent in focus]". Den Norske ... compared with an SLS-free toothpaste, see Herlofson BB, Barkvoll P (June 1996). "The effect of two toothpaste detergents on the ... Toothpastes. Monographs in Oral Science, Vol. 23. Series Eds.: Huysmans, M.C., Lussi, A. & Weber, H.-P. Basel, CHE: Karger. pp ...
... is the main ingredient of Papacarie, a gel used for chemomechanical dental caries removal. It does not require drilling ... Papain is added to some toothpastes and mint sweets as a tooth whitener. Its whitening effect is, however, minimal because the ... Lopes MC, Mascarini RC, da Silva BM, Flório FM, Basting RT (2007). "Effect of a papain-based gel for chemomechanical caries ...
... it was discovered that communities whose water supply naturally contained fluorine had lower rates of dental caries. ... Similarly, toothpaste typically contains a source of fluoride anions (e.g. sodium fluoride, sodium monofluorophosphate). Too ... National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research. The story of fluoridation; 2008-12-20. Villalba, Gara; Ayres, Robert U ... much fluoride results in dental fluorosis and/or skeletal fluorosis. Fission tracks in apatite are commonly used to determine ...
Companies portal List of toothpaste brands Index of oral health and dental articles Media related to Elmex at Wikimedia Commons ... olaflur as an active ingredient for protection against dental caries. Elmex is often sold together with Aronal which should be ... Elmex is a brand of toothpaste that has been sold since 1962. It is manufactured by GABA International AG, a Swiss manufacturer ... Elmex was the first toothpaste to contain the organic Amine Fluoride (AmF) ...
Good oral hygiene consists of brushing two times a day with a fluoridated toothpaste and flossing. Dental check-ups should ... Bacteria can then invade the plaque and cause dental caries (cavities). If cavities persist untreated for an extended period of ... American Dental Association. Retrieved 2 June 2014.. *^ Baelum V, Luan W-M, Chen X, Fejerskov O (1997). "Predictors of tooth ... including a fixed dental bridge, dentures, and dental implants. Each alternative has its own benefits and drawbacks. It is ...
Stannous fluoride has been shown to be more effective than sodium fluoride in reducing the incidence of dental caries and ... It is the active ingredient in Crest Pro Health brand toothpaste. Crest Pro Health issues a warning on the tube that stannous ... It is a colorless solid used as an ingredient in toothpastes that are typically more expensive than those that use sodium ... In toothpastes containing calcium minerals, sodium fluoride becomes ineffective over time, while stannous fluoride remains ...
The presence of fluorapatite helps prevent tooth decay or dental caries. Fluoroapatite has a critical pH of 4.5, thus, it makes ... through water fluoridation or by using fluoride-containing toothpaste. ... the predominant bacteria related to dental caries. Fluorapatite can be synthesized in a three step process. First, calcium ... "The science of caries diagnosis". Dentistry IQ. Holleman, A. F.; Wiberg, E. "Inorganic Chemistry" Academic Press: San Diego, ...
"Dental caries", from the Disease Control Priorities Project. Touger-Decker R, van Loveren C (2003). "Sugars and dental caries ... Topical fluoride, such as a fluoride toothpaste or mouthwash, is also recommended to protect teeth surfaces. Many dentists ... Dentistry Dental auxiliary Dental assistant Dental hygienist Dental technician Dental braces Dental notation Dental tourism ... Moore WJ; Moore, W.J. (1983). "The role of sugar in the aetiology of dental caries. 1. Sugar and the antiquity of dental caries ...
A lack of fluorine in the diet is the cause of a greatly increased incidence of dental caries. Fluoride salts can be added to ... table salt with the goal of reducing tooth decay, especially in countries that have not benefited from fluoridated toothpastes ... Selwitz, R. H.; Ismail, A. I.; Pitts, N. B. (2007). "Dental caries". The Lancet. 369 (9555): 51-9. doi:10.1016/S0140-6736(07) ...
See main article Dental fluorosis. The use of fluoride toothpaste (with concentrations of 1000 ppm and above) and fluoride ... Carey, CM (2014). "Focus on fluorides: update on the use of fluoride for the prevention of dental caries". Journal of Evidence ... This type of toothpaste is used in the same manner as regular toothpaste. The application of high-fluoride content toothpaste ... "Fluoride dental treatments in the dental office". Journal of the American Dental Association. 138: 420. Archived from the ...
Remineralisation of teeth
Fejerskov O, Nyvad B, Kidd EA: Pathology of dental caries; in Fejerskov O, Kidd EAM (eds): Dental caries: The disease and its ... Recent studies on diet and caries have been confounded by the widespread use of fluoride toothpastes. Studies have argued that ... The process of dental caries occurs when the acid-producing bacteria found in dental plaque on teeth feed on fermentable ... American Dental Association, 139(3). Hicks J, Garcia-Godoy F, Flaitz C. Biological factors in dental caries: role of saliva and ...
Dental public health
Selwitz RH, Ismail AI, Pitts NB (January 2007). "Dental caries". Lancet. 369 (9555): 51-9. doi:10.1016/S0140-6736(07)60031-2. ... Neutralising acids after eating and at least twice a day brushing with fluoridated toothpaste will assist preventing dental ... Dental public health looks beyond the role of a dental practitioner in treating dental disease, and seeks to reduce demand on ... The most common form of dental clinicians are either general dentists, oral health therapists, dental therapists and dental ...
Dental caries (tooth decay) begins as an opaque white spot on the surface of the enamel. As demineralization progresses, the ... Exposure can also occur via bottled water and fluoride toothpaste. In its mildest form, fluorosis appears as small opaque white ... At the core of the tooth is soft connective tissue termed the dental pulp. The pulp is pink/red due to its vascularity, but is ... Dental plaque: Although usually virtually invisible on the tooth surface, plaque may become stained by chromogenic bacteria ...
... including dental caries. Lubricating mouthwashes or gels, such as Biotène, can relieve pain within the oral mucosa, thus ... It comes in a number of forms, including toothpaste, mouthwash and gel. The main active ingredient in its toothpastes is sodium ... individuals who use Biotène may reduce the risk of dental caries and other oral diseases that may occur from xerostomia and ... Similarly to the toothpaste, the mouthwash helps maintain a neutral pH in the mouth, which contributes to the health of oral ...
... rather fluoride mouthwashes are sometimes used in individuals who are at high risk of dental decay, due to dental caries or ... "New studies show dangers of Triclosan in Toothpastes and Mouthwash". New York Orthodontists. "FAMILY GENTLE DENTAL CARE - Mouth ... It is sometimes used as an adjunct to prevent dental caries and to treat gingivitis periodontal disease, although it does not ... In dental extractions, hot salt water mouthbaths should start about 24 hours after a dental extraction. The term mouth bath ...
Essentials of Dental Caries. Oxford University Press. p. 97. ISBN 9780198738268. "Tainted toothpaste across the world", New ... Dental floss Fluoride therapy List of toothpaste brands Tube (container) American Dental Association Description of Toothpaste" ... Striped toothpaste should not be confused with layered toothpaste. Layered toothpaste requires a multi-chamber design (e.g. ... Toothpaste is used to promote oral hygiene: it serves as an abrasive that aids in removing the dental plaque and food from the ...
Good oral hygiene consists of brushing two times a day with a fluoridated toothpaste and flossing. Dental check-ups should ... Bacteria can then invade the plaque and cause dental caries (cavities). If cavities persist untreated for an extended period of ... Dentistry portal Teeth cleaning Tooth brushing Flossing Tongue Cleaning Dental surgery Wisdom tooth Dental Implant Periodontist ... including a fixed dental bridge, dentures, and dental implants. Each alternative has its own benefits and drawbacks. It is ...
... mutans which has been shown to be strongly linked with dental caries. The Khoi wood is used throughout South-East Asia as an ... It is the main active ingredient of a popular brand of a herbal, dark brown toothpaste in Thailand. Different studies were ... cleaning aid up until the middle of the twentieth century when the cheap and more practical plastic brush with a toothpaste ...
Hayes C. Tavares M. Does fluoride in compomers prevent future caries in children? Journal of Dental Research, 88(3):276-9, 2009 ... their fluoride ion content with topically applied fluoride from toothpaste etc., like glass ionomer cements; this is another ... They were introduced in the early 1990s as a hybrid of two other dental materials: dental composites and glass ionomer cement. ... Compomers are also available in various non-natural colours from various dental companies for use in deciduous teeth. Dental ...
This includes patients with: A history of dental caries Deep retentive pits and fissures Early signs of dental caries Poor ... education on toothbrushing technique with fluoride toothpaste, use of fluoride supplements & application of topical fluorides ... the American Dental Association, the Australian Dental Association, the British Dental Association, and the Canadian Dental ... Contraindications for the use of dental sealants are individual patients or teeth that are at a low risk of dental caries: This ...
Early childhood caries
The use of fluoridated toothpaste is highly recommended by dental professionals; whereby studies suggest that the correct daily ... the dental caries is classified severe, this causes ECC. Diet plays a key role in the process of dental caries. The type of ... Dental caries still today, remains the most prevalent disease worldwide. This means the disease is highly preventable, yet it ... These consumables all have the potential to increase the risk of dental caries due to prolonged contact between sugars in the ...
... such as in toothpaste) are widely used, and caries rates have become low. Although fluoridation can cause dental fluorosis, ... "Fluorine and dental caries". In Toverud G, Finn SB, Cox GJ, Bodecker CF, Shaw JH. A Survey of the Literature of Dental Caries. ... Tooth decay (dental caries) is one of the most prevalent chronic diseases worldwide. Although it is rarely life-threatening, ... Dental caries: a dynamic disease process. Aust Dent J. 2008;53(3):286-91. doi:10.1111/j.1834-7819.2008.00064.x. PMID 18782377. ...
Lactoperoxidase, a enciclopedia libre
Kirstilä V, Lenander-Lumikari M, Tenuovo J (1994). "Effects of a lactoperoxidase-system-containing toothpaste on dental plaque ... gingivitis and dental caries (III)". Odont revy 25 (1): 69-80. PMID 4522423.. ... "Effect of lactoperoxidase system containing toothpaste on cariogenic bacteria in children with early childhood caries". J Clin ... Encimas como a lisozima, lactoperoxidase e glicosa oxidase son transferidos desde as pastas de dentes á película dental. Unha ...
Marinho VCC, Higgins JPT, Logan S, & Sheiham A. (2011). "Fluoride toothpastes for preventing dental caries in children and ... a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o Darby, M., & Walsh, Margaret M. (2010). Procedures Manual to Accompany Dental Hygiene: Theory and ... The most common types of dental disease are tooth decay (cavities, dental caries) and gum diseases, including gingivitis, and ... "Dental Plaque". June 2012.. *^ "American Dental Hygienists' Association Position Paper on the Oral Prophylaxis" (PDF). American ...
Effects of a lactoperoxidase-system-containing toothpaste on dental plaque and whole saliva in vivo. . In: Acta Odontol Scan. ... Lactoperoxidase in the prevention of plaque accumulation, gingivitis and dental caries (III). . In: Odont revy. . 25, 1974, S. ... Effect of lactoperoxidase system containing toothpaste on cariogenic bacteria in children with early childhood caries. . In: J ... Efficacy of enzymatic toothpastes for immobilisation of protective enzymes in the in situ pellicle. . In: Arch Oral Biol. . 55 ...
... second to dental caries) in Scotland. Twice daily brushing and flossing are a way to help prevent periodontal diseases. ... interdental cleaning aids such as interdental brushes or floss and using a fluoridated toothpaste. It is also advised that ... An Oral Health Therapist is a member of the dental team who is dual qualified as a Dental Hygienist and Dental therapist. They ... The minimum qualification required for the M.D.S. degree is a Bachelor of Dental Surgery. A majority of dental schools in India ...
Uyah - Wikipédia
A lack of fluorine in the diet is the cause of a gréatly incréased incidence of dental caries. Fluoride salts can be added ... especially in countries that have not benefited from fluoridated toothpastes and fluoridated water. The practice is more common ... Selwitz, R. H.; Ismail, A. I.; Pitts, N. B. (2007). "Dental caries". The Lancet 369 (9555): 51-9. doi:10.1016/S0140-6736(07) ...
Deardorff J (March 5, 2014). "Loss of canker sore toothpaste angers loyal users". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved April 12, 2014.. ... Trauma could occur during injections of local anesthetic in the mouth, or otherwise during dental treatments, frictional trauma ... Rembrandt Gentle White toothpaste did not contain sodium lauryl sulfate, and was specifically marketed as being for the benefit ... Caries *Early childhood caries. *Concrescence. *Failure of eruption of teeth. *Dens evaginatus *Talon cusp ...
Dental caries (tooth decay): The evidence regarding carious tooth discolouration is inconclusive, however the most reliable ... Toothpastes. Whitening toothpastes are different to regular toothpastes in that they contain higher amounts of abrasives ... Bleaching agents are only allowed to be given by dental practitioners, dental therapists, and dental hygienists. ... Dental plaque: Dental plaque is a clear biofilm of bacteria that naturally forms in the mouth, particularly along the gumline, ...
... or brushing with an abrasive toothpaste (dental abrasion), or a sign of chronic periodontitis (gum disease). Other ... "The role of fluoride in the preventive management of dentin hypersensitivity and root caries". Clinical Oral Investigations ... Mechanical-tactile - dental probe during dental examination, periodontal scaling and root planing, toothbrushing. ... Evaporation - air blast from a dental instrument.. *Chemical - acids, e.g. dietary, gastric, acid etch during dental ...
American Dental Association. 2005. p. 29.. *^ "Table 23, Surveillance for Dental Caries, Dental Sealants, Tooth Retention, ... excessive ingestion of fluoride toothpaste, bottled waters which are not tested for their fluoride content, inappropriate use ... Dental caries: Fluorosis-resembling enamel defects are often misdiagnosed as dental caries. ... Buzalaf MAR, Levy SM (2011): Fluoride intake of children: considerations for dental caries and dental fluorosis in Fluoride and ...
... significant contributors to dental caries. Dental restorations are susceptible to unacceptable colour change even when ... Toothpastes. Whitening toothpastes differ from regular toothpastes in that they contain higher amounts of abrasives and ... Dental caries (tooth decay): The evidence regarding carious tooth discolouration is inconclusive, however the most reliable ... doi:10.1016/j.dental.2004.04.002. ISSN 0109-5641. PMID 15451241.. *^ American Dental Association (November 2010) [September ...
Oral ulceration is a common reason for people to seek medical or dental advice.:52 A breach of the oral mucosa probably ... found in many brands of toothpaste). Aphthous stomatitis has no clinically detectable signs or symptoms outside the mouth, but ... Gottfried Schmalz; Dorthe Arenholt Bindslev (2008). Biocompatibility of Dental Materials. Springer. Retrieved March 5, 2014.. ... Some dentists apply a protective layer of petroleum jelly to the lips before carrying out dental work to minimize the number of ...
"Flossing for the management of periodontal diseases and dental caries in adults". The Cochrane Library (12): CD008829. doi: ... These ingredients are found in toothpaste and mouthwash. Hydrogen peroxide was long considered a suitable over-the-counter ... A dental hygienist or dentist will also look for signs of periodontitis using X-rays or periodontal probing as well as other ... A dental hygienist or dentist will check for the symptoms of gingivitis, and may also examine the amount of plaque in the oral ...
Water fluoridation controversy
Recommendations for using fluoride to prevent and control dental caries in the United States. MMWR Recomm. Rep.. 2001;50(RR-14 ... The World Health Organization (WHO) is currently assessing the effects of fluoridated toothpaste, milk fluoridation and salt ... Achievements in public health, 1900-1999: Fluoridation of drinking water to prevent dental caries. MMWR Morb. Mortal Wkly. Rep. ... Effective use of fluorides for the prevention of dental caries in the 21st century: the WHO approach [PDF]. Community Dent. ...
Category:WikiProject Dentistry articles
"Interdental brushing for the prevention and control of periodontal diseases and dental caries in adults". Cochrane Database of ... toothpaste and toothbrush companies, and in dental textbooks was inconsistent. ... Stay, Flora Parsa (2005). The fibromyalgia dental handbook: A practical guide to maintaining peak dental health. New York: ... "History of the Toothbrush and Toothpaste". About.com Money.. *^ "History of ADDIS". addis.co.uk. Archived from the original on ...
"Xylitol-containing products for preventing dental caries in children and adults". The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews ( ... Xylitol is used as a sugar substitute in manufactured products, such as drugs or dietary supplements, confections, toothpaste, ... Dental care. As of 2015, clinical trials examining whether xylitol alone or with other agents can prevent cavities found ... "Policy on the use of xylitol in caries prevention" (PDF). Reference Manual. 33 (6): 42-44. 2010. Retrieved 2012-03-14.. ...
To provide the best treatment option the dental clinician must determine the level of activity and predict possible progression ... forces have nothing to do with the lesions along the CEJ and that it is the result of abrasion from toothbrush with toothpaste ... Caries *Early childhood caries. *Concrescence. *Failure of eruption of teeth. *Dens evaginatus *Talon cusp ... If there are concerns around aesthetics or clinical consequences such as dentinal hypersensitivity, a dental restoration (white ...
... for preventing and controlling periodontal diseases and dental caries". Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews. 4: CD012018. ... once per day before or after brushing to reach the areas that the brush will not and allow the fluoride from the toothpaste to ... "Canadian Dental Association. 2015. Retrieved 17 April 2015.. *^ a b c d e f g h Darby M, Walsh M. Dental Hygiene Theory and ... "Canadian Journal of Dental Hygiene. 46: 63-78.. *^ Donn, Jeff (2 August 2016). "Medical benefits of dental floss unproven". ...
Dental caries (xerostomia related caries) - Without the anticariogenic actions of saliva, tooth decay is a common feature and ... Biotene oral Balance Gel & toothpaste: One trial has been completed (Epstein 1999) regarding the effectiveness of Biotene Oral ... Saini, T; Edwards, PC; Kimmes, NS; Carroll, LR; Shaner, JW; Dowd, FJ (2005). "Etiology of xerostomia and dental caries among ... resulting in acid production and development of dental caries .. *Acid erosion. Saliva acts as a buffer and helps to prevent ...
... reduction in both dental plaque and gingival inflammation when compared with fluoride toothpastes without triclosan/copolymer.[ ... Kraglund, Ferne (2014-03-01). "Triclosan produces statistically significant reduction in plaque, gingivitis and caries but not ... Riley, P; Lamont, T (2013). "Triclosan/copolymer containing toothpastes for oral health". Reviews. 12 (12): CD010514. doi: ... Rover, Jo-Ann; Leu-Wai-See, Petal (2014-06-01). "Role of Colgate Total toothpaste in helping control plaque and gingivitis". ...
As the build-up of plaque between the teeth is the primary cause of dental disease, such as gingivitis and dental caries, the ... professionals recommend that a person floss once per day before or after brushing to allow the fluoride from the toothpaste to ... "Canadian Dental Association. 2015. Retrieved 17 April 2015.. *^ a b c d e f g h Darby M, Walsh M. Dental Hygiene Theory and ... "Dental flossing and interproximal caries: a systematic review". Journal of Dental Research. 85 (4): 298-305. doi:10.1177/ ...
"Dhaka Dental College". Dhaka Dental College. Retrieved October 28, 2017.. *^ "List of recognized medical and dental colleges". ... Active caries - Poor motivation: treatment will last at least several months, patient needs to be committed to maintaining the ... Orthodontists recommend that those currently undergoing orthodontic treatment brush twice daily with a fluoride toothpaste - ... Dhaka Dental College in Bangladesh is one of the many schools recognized by the Bangladesh Medical and Dental Council (BM&DC) ...
Fluoride toothpastes of different concentrations for preventing dental caries in children and adolescents | Cochrane
Quantitative Laser Flouorescence
Early Detection of Dental Caries:. Quantitative Laser Flouorescence. With the advent of fluoridated water supplies and tooth ... If this works, some day we may be able to treat dental caries before they breach the enamel and becomes actual lesions." -- ... But widespread fluoridation has failed to eradicate dental caries. Figures released by the Oral Health Research Institute (OHRI ... Stookey has embarked OHRI on a project to develop an early detection system for dental caries by using fluorescence ...
New additions to toothpaste can prevent caries - Designer Dental
New additions to toothpaste can prevent caries. The addition of two chemicals to standard fluoride toothpaste can go a ... The groups were left with the toothpaste, and their dental health was recorded by the researchers. At the end of the two years ... The study, published in dental health journal Caries Research, was conducted over a period of two years. A total of 6,000 ... Previous studies have already found that using toothpaste that contains arginine reduces caries in not just the enamel, but ...
Elmex Caries Protection Toothpaste Protection Against Dental Caries | notino.dk
Elmex Caries Protection Caries Protection Toothpaste Protection Against Dental Caries 75 ml. Elmex at notino.dk with great ... The Elmex Caries Protection Caries Protection toothpaste ensures complete care for your teeth and gums. It cleans teeth of ... Elmex toothpaste was the first to contain amine fluoride (AmF) to remineralise tooth enamel and increase its resistance to ... Apply an appropriate amount of toothpaste to the brush and clean the teeth for at least two minutes. Rinse your mouth ...
Signal Anti Tartar Toothpaste Against Dental Caries | notino.co.uk
Signal Anti Tartar Toothpaste Against Dental Caries 75 ml. 😍 Buy Signal at notino.co.uk with great discounts and express ... free dental checkups, and more. Signal offers a wide range of mouthwashes, toothbrushes, toothpastes, and other oral hygiene ... The Signal Anti Tartar toothpaste ensures complete care for your teeth and gums. It cleans teeth of plaque and food remnants ... Apply an appropriate amount of toothpaste to the brush and clean the teeth for at least two minutes. Rinse your mouth ...
China Toothpaste, Toothpaste Wholesale, Manufacturers, Price | Made-in-China.com
Select 2020 high quality Toothpaste products in best price from certified Chinese Toothbrush manufacturers, Tooth Brush ... Basic Formulation Toothpaste Anti Caries with Dental Floss FOB Price: US $ 0.34-0.36 / Piece. Min. Order: 20000 Pieces ... Dental Toothpaste Oem Toothpaste Gel Toothpaste Adult Toothpaste Travel Toothpaste Best Whitening Toothpaste Best Teeth ... Tooth Whitening Toothpaste Kid Toothpaste Foam Toothpaste Bamboo Charcoal Toothpaste Mint Toothpaste Child Toothpaste ...
Use of Toothpaste and Toothbrushing Patterns Among Children and Adolescents - United States, 2013-2016 | MMWR
... of children aged 3-6 years used too much toothpaste. ... of children aged 3-6 years used too much toothpaste. ... brush their teeth twice daily with a fluoride toothpaste to reduce the risk for dental caries (1). CDC also advises parents to ... and American Dental Association (ADA) recommend fluoride toothpaste for all children and limit the amount of toothpaste used by ... Age child began using toothpaste. Amount of toothpaste used*. ,1 year. 1 year. 2 years. ≥3 years. Smear. Pea. Half load. Full ...
Recommendations for Using Fluoride to Prevent and Control Dental Caries in the United States
Fluoride Toothpaste Fluoride is the only nonprescription toothpaste additive proven to prevent dental caries. When introduced ... Caries Res 1990;24:286--9.. * Riordan PJ. Dental fluorosis, dental caries and fluoride exposure among 7-year-olds. Caries Res ... Consider Additional Measures for Persons at High Risk for Dental Caries Persons at high risk for dental caries might require ... RISK FOR DENTAL CARIES The prevalence and severity of dental caries in the United States have decreased substantially during ...
Toothpaste overdose: MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia
This article discusses the effects of swallowing a lot of toothpaste. ... Toothpaste is a product used to clean teeth. ... Tinanoff N. Dental caries. In: Kliegman RM, Stanton BF, St. ... Toothpaste is a product used to clean teeth. This article discusses the effects of swallowing a lot of toothpaste. ... If you swallow toothpaste that does not contain fluoride, you may not need to go to the hospital. ...
In Situ Erosion Study to Investigate the Effectiveness of an Experimental Toothpaste - Study Results - ClinicalTrials.gov
Dental caries † 0/62 (0.00%) 0. 0/62 (0.00%) 0. 1/62 (1.61%) 1. ... In Situ Erosion Study to Investigate the Effectiveness of an Experimental Toothpaste. The safety and scientific validity of ... including 2 day washout period using a non-fluoride toothpaste). Participants applied a full ribbon (1.5 grams [g]) of the ... including 2 day washout period using a non-fluoride toothpaste). Participants applied a full ribbon (1.5 g) of the allocated ...
Kit To Detect Dental Caries - HAPPI
The Antimicrobial Effect of Commercial Available Local Brand of Toothpastes Against Some Dental Caries Microorganisms
... تأثير ... After wash the volunteers teeth with toothpaste, Emoform toothpaste was more effect than another type by killing of all type of ... toothpaste Colgate --- Signal --- Crest --- Sanino --- Close up & Sensodyne Streptococcus mutans --- Micrococcus spp. --- ... The present study was designed to choice the best toothpaste , were using every day to reduce proliferation microorganisms in ...
2-12Years Toothpaste Children's Fluorine Free Toothpaste Anti-caries Organic Toothpaste Teeth Whitening Cleaning Hygiene Dental...
2-12Years Toothpaste Childrens Fluorine Free Toothpaste Anti-caries Organic Toothpaste Teeth Whitening Cleaning Hygiene Dental ... 2-12Years Toothpaste Childrens Fluorine Free Toothpaste Anti-caries Organic Toothpaste Teeth Whitening Cleaning Hygiene Dental ... 2-12Years Toothpaste Childrens Fluorine Free Toothpaste Anti-caries Organic Toothpaste Teeth Whitening Cleaning Hygiene Dental ... Strawberry Toothpaste Childrens Fluorine Free Toothpaste Anti-caries Organic Toothpaste Teeth Whitening Cleaning Hygiene ...
A Randomized Controlled Trial of Caries Prevention in Dental Practice
... to prevent the children becoming caries active over the subsequent 36 mo. The setting was 22 dental practices in Northern ... We conducted a parallel group randomized controlled trial of children initially aged 2 to 3 y who were caries free, ... 50-mL tube of 1,450 ppm fluoride toothpaste, and standardized, evidence-based prevention advice) or advice-only control at 6- ... A Randomized Controlled Trial of Caries Prevention in Dental Practice J Dent Res. 2017 Jul;96(7):741-746. doi: 10.1177/ ...
Toothpaste | Colgate®
Delivers four times the fluoride of over-the-counter toothpastes and rinses. Our most advanced formula for unsurpassed ... A dental caries preventive; for once daily self-applied topical use. PreviDent® 5000 Booster Plus brand of 1.1% sodium fluoride ... This prescription toothpaste should be used once daily in place of your regular toothpaste unless otherwise instructed by your ... PreviDent® 5000 Dry Mouth toothpaste is a prescription strength toothpaste that alleviates dry mouth symptoms. Significant re- ...
One topical fluoride (toothpastes, or mouthrinses, or gels, or varnishes) versus another for preventing dental caries in...
... versus another for preventing dental caries in children and adolescents: Cochrane systematic review answers are found in the ... One topical fluoride (toothpastes, or mouthrinses, or gels, or varnishes) versus another for preventing dental caries in ... One topical fluoride (toothpastes, or mouthrinses, or gels, or varnishes) versus another for preventing dental caries in ... "One Topical Fluoride (toothpastes, or Mouthrinses, or Gels, or Varnishes) Versus Another for Preventing Dental Caries in ...
Dental cavities: MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia
Dental cavities are holes (or structural damage) in the teeth. ... Dhar V. Dental caries. In: Kliegman RM, St. Geme JW, Blum NJ, ... This may include a fluoride toothpaste or mouthwash. Many dentists include application of topical fluoride solutions (applied ... Dental x-rays may show some cavities before they can be seen just by just looking at the teeth. ... Dental sealants can prevent some cavities. Sealants are thin plastic-like coatings applied to the chewing surfaces of the ...
Prevention of dental caries through salt fluoridation in Mexico
... the domestic use of fluoridated toothpaste or solutions. 7. The endogenous or systemic use of other fluorides The salt ... 1. The high occurrence and prevalence of dental caries Mexico belongs to the group of countries where the prevalence of dental ... 2. The difficulty of using other mass preventive methods against dental caries in Mexico As it is known, the artificial ... Prevention of dental caries through salt fluoridation in Mexico. Dra. Lucíla Pazos Hernandez, National Coordinator of the Salt ...
Fluoride Action Network | Study Tracker
Toothpastes - definition of Toothpastes by The Free Dictionary
Toothpastes synonyms, Toothpastes pronunciation, Toothpastes translation, English dictionary definition of Toothpastes. n. A ... Fluoride toothpastes of different concentrations for preventing dental caries in children and adolescents ... toothpaste. (redirected from Toothpastes). Also found in: Thesaurus, Medical. tooth·paste. (to͞oth′pāst′). n.. A paste for ... To determine the relative effectiveness of fluoride toothpastes of different concentrations in preventing dental caries in ...
Patents - HAPPI
Kit To Detect Dental Caries US Patent No. 9,662,276 B2; President and Fellows of Harvard College, Cambridge, MA, have patented ... Toothpaste Delivers Dietary Supplement US Patent No. 9,662,294 B2; A patent awarded to Golden Products LLC, Howard Beach, NY, ... dietary supplement enriched toothpaste that is co… ...
How Should You Take Care of Your Teeth to Avoid Dental Caries?
2. Use toothpaste with high fluoride content. 3. We should brush our teeth thoroughly for about two to three minutes.. 4. We ... How Should You Take Care of Your Teeth to Avoid Dental Caries?. Jump to Last Post 1-6 of 6 discussions (6 posts) ... To avoid dental caries brush atleat twice a day. Rinse mouth with luke warm water write after having some food. http://www. ... What is your secret? I used to be a Dental Nurse both in Australia and here in Ireland. And i can tell you i have seen ... ...
Prescription Toothpastes, Mouth Rinses, Gels | Colgate®
Learn more about prescription toothpaste, mouth rinses, and gels from Colgate®. ... Prescription only dental products are available exclusively through your dentist. ... A prescription-strength dental rinse to help decrease occurrence of cavities. *. Provides up to 55% reduction in caries* ... Prescription-strength fluoride for dental-caries protection.. *. Therapeutic decay prevention safe for exposed root surfaces ...
Socio-Political and Economic Aspects Of Fluorosis | Countercurrents
... and in toothpastes across the world. It is claimed that fluoride in toothpastes counters dental caries. The whole dental ... The FMRRC field study had recorded both dental fluorosis and caries in the same mouth! (see photo below from Chitradurga Dt) . ... Toothpastes playing havoc. Toothpastes are spreading poison to every doorstep, with sachets priced as low as Rs.5. We indeed ... Some Ayurvedic toothpastes are NOT ADDING, while some of them are adding F, emulating MNCs, as declared by them on the tube ) ...
A random effects variance shift model for detecting and accommodating outliers in meta-analysis | BMC Medical Research...
Fluoride toothpaste for preventing dental caries. Marinho et al.  present a meta-analysis of fluoride toothpastes for ... Marinho V, Higgins J, Logan S, Sheiham A: Fluoride toothpastes for preventing dental caries in children and adolescents. 2002 ... The two data sets: CDP-choline for cognitive and behavioural disturbances, and Fluoride toothpaste for preventing dental caries ... RVSOM statistics plotted against study number for the flouride toothpaste study. (a) Variance shift estimates, ω. ^. j. 2. . (b ...
Global Oral Care Market Analysis 2014-2017 & 2025 - Focus on Toothbrush, Toothpaste, Mouthwash/Rinse, Denture Products, Dental...
Toothpaste, Mouthwash/Rinse, Denture Products, Dental Accessories - Research and Markets ... Growing incidence of dental caries is also accelerating demand for oral care products. Younger people, children in particular, ... Growing awareness among people regarding oral hygiene and increasing incidence of dental caries has led to high growth of the ... Global Oral Care Market Analysis 2014-2017 & 2025 - Focus on Toothbrush, Toothpaste, Mouthwash/Rinse, Denture Products, Dental ...
Tagged with: caries, Cochrane, dental caries, dentifrice, fluoride toothpaste, tooth decay, toothbrushing, toothpaste ... Tagged with: biofilm, caries, dental caries, dental plaque, fluoride toothpaste, mechanical plaque removal, oral health, ... Tagged with: CAMBRA, caries, caries risk assessment, Cariogram, dental caries, reliability, sensitivity, specificity, valid ... Tagged with: caries, dental caries, fluoride, prevention, root caries, silver diamine fluoride ...
Toothpaste - Wikipedia
Essentials of Dental Caries. Oxford University Press. p. 97. ISBN 9780198738268. "Tainted toothpaste across the world", New ... Dental floss Fluoride therapy List of toothpaste brands Tube (container) American Dental Association Description of Toothpaste" ... Striped toothpaste should not be confused with layered toothpaste. Layered toothpaste requires a multi-chamber design (e.g. ... Toothpaste is used to promote oral hygiene: it serves as an abrasive that aids in removing the dental plaque and food from the ...
Effect of Erythritol and Xylitol on Dental Caries Prevention in Children - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov
The children will be given a toothbrush and toothpaste every 6 months. After the study examinations, pupils will be driven to a ... Similarity of the effects of erythritol and xylitol on some risk factors of dental caries. Caries Res. 2005 May-Jun;39(3):207- ... Dental Caries Dietary Supplement: A, erythritol Dietary Supplement: xylitol Dietary Supplement: C, sorbitol Phase 2 Phase 3 ... Effect of erythritol and xylitol on dental caries prevention in children. Caries Res. 2014;48(5):482-90. doi: 10.1159/000358399 ...
Dental Caries (Ambulatory Care) - What You Need to Know
Care guide for Dental Caries (Ambulatory Care). Includes: possible causes, signs and symptoms, standard treatment options and ... Prevent dental caries:. *Brush your teeth at least 2 times a day with fluoride toothpaste. ... Symptoms of dental caries:. You may not have any symptoms if your dental caries have just started to form. When dental caries ... Treatment for dental caries. may include any of the following:. *Fluoride treatments may be given during dental visits, or you ...
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- Fluoride use is one of the main factors responsible for the decline in prevalence and severity of dental caries and cavities (tooth decay) in the United States ( 1 ). (cdc.gov)
- Prevident® 5000 Enamel Protect is a prescription toothpaste that strengthens teeth and enamel, protects against acid erosion, and reverses early root cavities. (colgate.com)
- Dental cavities are holes (or structural damage) in the teeth. (medlineplus.gov)
- Most cavities are discovered in the early stages during routine dental checkups. (medlineplus.gov)
- Dental x-rays may show some cavities before they can be seen just by just looking at the teeth. (medlineplus.gov)
- Dental sealants can prevent some cavities. (medlineplus.gov)
- Fluoride in various forms is the most popular active ingredient in toothpaste to prevent cavities. (wikipedia.org)
- For optimal prevention of cavities in children over age 6, toothpastes should contain at least 1,000 parts per million of fluoride. (cfah.org)
- Preventing cavities can help reduce the need for extensive and costly dental treatments, including extractions. (cfah.org)
- Scientists made the link between fluoride and reduced tooth decay in the 1930s, the reviewers say, and adding fluoride to toothpastes and other oral hygiene products reduces the incidence of cavities and tooth decay by about 24 percent on average. (cfah.org)
- In older children with fully developed teeth, the risks of fluorosis due to fluoride toothpastes are reduced and the benefits of reducing the risk of cavities and tooth decay are clear, Worthington and Glenny say. (cfah.org)
- Caries is tooth decay, commonly called cavities. (merckmanuals.com)
- Prevents dental caries and reduces root cavities. (3m.com.au)
- Clinpro™ Tooth Crème is an anti-cavity toothpaste that aids in the prevention of dental cavities and can be used in place of your usual toothpaste. (3m.com.au)
- When your tooth fillings wear out, they lead to exposed tooth interiors, thereby leading to the formation of dental cavities. (identalhub.com)
- Prevention is better than cure, so keep a healthy life style and avoid dental cavities. (identalhub.com)
- In their review, the report's authors found that over 2.5 to 3 years of use, a fluoride toothpaste containing 10% xylitol reduced cavities by 13% when compared to a fluoride-only toothpaste. (verywellhealth.com)
- A 2014 study from the Journal of Dentistry for Children assessed the effectiveness of xylitol toothpaste in preventing early childhood cavities and reducing streptococci mutans. (verywellhealth.com)
- Although it's too soon to tell whether xylitol toothpaste can significantly cut your risk of cavities, it's possible that xylitol products may be of some benefit when used in conjunction with standard measures to prevent cavities. (verywellhealth.com)
- Dental researchers in the US have discovered that cranberries hold important clues for preventing cavities. (nature.com)
- According to a survey sponsored by the Children's Dental Health Project , at least 40 percent of the respondents did not realize that sugar in natural fruit juice can cause cavities in children. (baystatebanner.com)
- The decline in caries [the scientific term for "cavities"] prevalence in communities without fluoridated water in various countries is well documented. (washingtonsblog.com)
- Regular dental check-ups are important because small cavities are difficult to notice oneself. (yths.fi)
- Dr Tariq Drabu went on to say "Caries is the dental term given to tooth decay and cavities. (prweb.com)
- Fluoride, in toothpaste, mouthwash, and other dental products, reduces the formation of cavities in both baby teeth and permanent teeth. (webmd.com)
- George Stookey , Professor of Preventive/Community Dentistry and Director of the Oral Health Research Institute at the Indiana University School of Dentistry, holds the wand used to induce enamel fluorescence during a dental examination. (indiana.edu)
- Previous studies have already found that using toothpaste that contains arginine reduces caries in not just the enamel, but also the root of teeth. (designerdental.co.uk)
- Elmex toothpaste was the first to contain amine fluoride (AmF) to remineralise tooth enamel and increase its resistance to acids. (notino.dk)
- However, ingestion of too much fluoride while teeth are developing can result in visibly detectable changes in enamel structure such as discoloration and pitting (dental fluorosis) ( 1 ). (cdc.gov)
- Prescription-strength fluoride toothpaste for advanced cavity and enamel protection. (colgate.com)
- Abrasives, like the dental polishing agents used in dentists' offices, also cause a small amount of enamel erosion which is termed "polishing" action. (wikipedia.org)
- The additional fluoride in toothpaste has beneficial effects on the formation of dental enamel and bones. (wikipedia.org)
- The aim of this in vitro study was to assess the effect of toothpastes, with different compositions, on optical and morphological features of sound and demineralized enamel. (mdpi.com)
- SEM evaluation reveals demineralized enamel mineral gain after brushing with selected toothpastes. (mdpi.com)
- Toothpastes with specific ingredients can represent a balance between aesthetic and mineralization, and an oral hygiene correct algorithm is able to preserve enamel characteristics during ortodontic treatement with fixed appliances. (mdpi.com)
- Diagnosis is based on inspection, probing of the enamel surface with a fine metal instrument, and dental x-rays. (merckmanuals.com)
- Caries initially involves only the enamel and causes no symptoms. (merckmanuals.com)
- Incipient caries (which is confined to the enamel) should be remineralized through improved home care (brushing and flossing), cleanings, prescriptions for high-fluoride toothpastes, and multiple fluoride applications at the dental office. (merckmanuals.com)
- Toothpaste "Pearl of Siberia" because of the high concentration of active ingredients of Siberian herbs, this toothpaste safely lightens tooth enamel and takes care of the entire oral cavity. (russianfoods.com)
- Natural Siberian Preventive Toothpaste for Enamel recovery "Arctic Protection", 3.35 oz/ 100 g (Natura Siberica). (russianfoods.com)
- Lacalut White toothpaste consists of microscopic particles abrasives that remove teeth bacterial plaque and in addition to it gently polish the enamel to a smooth and shiny look. (russianfoods.com)
- Lacalut Sensitive toothpaste helps remove plaque, reduces inflammation, has a astringent effect, reduces of sensitivity tooth enamel for cold and hot, sweet and sour and helps strengthen the structure of. (russianfoods.com)
- Lacalut Fluor toothpaste helps remove plaque, reduces inflammation in the gum tissue and bleeding, provides astringent effect, strengthens gums, reduces sensitivity of tooth enamel for cold and hot, sweet and. (russianfoods.com)
- Abrasives contained in the toothpaste gently cleanse and remove plaque at the enamel. (russianfoods.com)
- Fluoride is added to toothpaste in order to fight tooth decay by helping to strengthen the enamel. (flinnsci.com)
- The authors created in vitro carious lesions in enamel specimens and assigned them to each of the toothpastes for treatment. (carifree.com)
- To me, this raises the question of whether the fluoride in toothpaste does much or anything to safeguard your tooth enamel. (mercola.com)
- When kids ingest or absorb significant amounts of fluoride from toothpaste or fluoridated water during their first eight years of life, it can lead to mottling of the teeth, or dental fluorosis marked by unsightly yellow or brown stains and pits formed in the tooth enamel. (mercola.com)
- In case of caries, calcium is washed out slowly, gradually and almost inevitably from tooth enamel, as a result of which enamel is destroyed. (ohiodentalclinics.com)
- There is no direct dependence, however, acids can actually damage the enamel and then the tooth becomes more accessible for caries. (ohiodentalclinics.com)
- Caries penetrates deeper, into dentin - the tissue that is under the enamel. (ohiodentalclinics.com)
- Dental therapy that regenerates the tooth enamel rather than drilling the decayed part is the ultimate approach to therapy which every dentist in the world should seek. (news-medical.net)
- 3) Wipe off the paste from the tooth surface of the dental enamel, and wash in water, then dry. (news-medical.net)
- Human enamel samples from extracted teeth - 3 mm diameter cores - were decalcified for 24 hours to produce early caries lesions 20-30 μm deep. (dentalcare.com)
- Crest Pro-Health with stannous fluoride shields teeth to better protect enamel against acids in the danger zone++ while all fluoride toothpaste protects in the safe zone. (dentalcare.com)
- Stannous fluoride goes beyond regular fluoride by not only remineralizing weakened enamel, but also by forming a micro-thin shield to protect against dietary acids and inhibits the production of caries-causing plaque acids** (and gingivitis-causing inflammatory toxins). (dentalcare.com)
- My dentist is concerned about the lemon toothpaste affecting my tooth enamel , is this problematic? (purebodysolutions.com)
- Our toothpastes naturally neutralise plaque-acids that cause tooth-decay and enamel erosion. (purebodysolutions.com)
- 3 . The method of claim 1 wherein the early enamel caries are detected by quantitative light-induced fluorescence (QLF) or electrical caries monitoring (ECM). (google.com.au)
- 6. Limit yourself with sugary foods as the bacteria present in dental plaque turns this sugar into acids. (hubpages.com)
- Toothpaste is used to promote oral hygiene: it serves as an abrasive that aids in removing the dental plaque and food from the teeth, assists in suppressing halitosis, and delivers active ingredients (most commonly fluoride) to help prevent tooth decay (dental caries) and gum disease (gingivitis). (wikipedia.org)
- The polishing of teeth removes stains from tooth surfaces, but has not been shown to improve dental health over and above the effects of the removal of plaque and calculus. (wikipedia.org)
- Despite the different ingredients included in the toothpaste, recent study (meta analysis) indicates that brushing with or without toothpaste has no impact on the level of plaque removal. (wikipedia.org)
- The saliva and plaque sample analyses would reveal the possible mechanisms of the expected caries preventive effects. (clinicaltrials.gov)
- Caries is caused by acids produced by bacteria in dental plaque. (merckmanuals.com)
- Streptococcus mutans species are a group of related bacteria that grow in plaque and can cause caries. (merckmanuals.com)
- Any food product that contributes to the growth of dental plaque has the potential to cause inflammation associated with periodontal disease that results from bacterial buildup in tooth biofilm (plaque). (medscape.com)
- It provides highly effective protection against caries, tartar formation and dental plaque. (russianfoods.com)
- Not just to get whiter teeth, but also to prevent the occurrence of dental caries and plaque. (articlealley.com)
- Streptococcus mutans has long since been the primary culprit and the most prolific among the organisms in the bacterial plaque that can lead to the development of caries, along with Streptococcus sobrinus. (avroarrow.org)
- Its antibacterial action fights germs and bacteria responsible for dental caries, thereby preventing toothache, bad breath and plaque formation. (alibaba.com)
- Because S. Sanguis is the first colonizer of newly cleaned teeth and because other bacteria then attach to it, the formation of dental plaque is reduced on newly cleaned teeth by introducing into the mouth bacteriophages which are parasitic to S. Sanguis. (google.com)
- And removal of plaque containing acid forming bacteria and other harmful bacteria reduces the incidence of dental caries and other disease. (google.com)
- Streptococcus mutans uses enzymes known as glucosyltransferases to build dental plaque piece by piece. (nature.com)
- Dental decay is the demineralization of the tooth due to the fermentation of carbohydrates by bacteria such as Mutans streptococcus present in dental plaque. (kenyon.edu)
- Dental plaque is the accumulation of bacterial communities in aggregates on the tooth surface. (kenyon.edu)
- Of the 200-300 microbe species indigenous to dental plaque, only a select few are cariogenic, meaning they cause tooth decay. (kenyon.edu)
- Mutans streptococcus is one of these cariogenic oral pathogens found in dental plaque. (kenyon.edu)
- Dental plaque forms despite the fact that Mutans streptococcus is not a particularly effective colonizer. (kenyon.edu)
- In contrast, the chewing surface of the tooth is less prone to plaque formation but is the most prone to caries formation. (kenyon.edu)
- are cariogenic bacteria found in dental plaque which produce extracellular glucans from sucrose that allow it to form aggregates on the tooth surface. (kenyon.edu)
- The occurrence of dental caries and parodontitis appears to be the result of complex biological interactions of various microorganisms forming a part of the dental plaque, i.e. the deposit normally formed on the surfaces of the teeth. (freepatentsonline.com)
- the formation of dental plaque. (freepatentsonline.com)
- The structure of dental plaque changes from the soft initial stage to the formation of a harder and water-insoluble plaque which can cause caries as well as parodontitis. (freepatentsonline.com)
- A wide variety of chemical and biological agents have been suggested for the removal of dental plaque after it is once formed or for the inhibition of the formation of dental plaque. (freepatentsonline.com)
- However, mechanical removal of dental plaque has hitherto been the most effective method. (freepatentsonline.com)
- For the inhibition of dental plaque in other ways, the use of different types of antibiotics, chemotherapeutical agents and disinfectants, fluorine compounds, organic phosphatases, chelate-forming agents, emulsifiers, etc. has been suggested. (freepatentsonline.com)
- Delmopinol is a morpholino compound that has utility in the treatment of the oral cavity, especially tooth surface, and for the removal or inhibition of dental plaque. (freepatentsonline.com)
- Root caries is a decay syndrome that takes place in situations where a person has a receded gum line (often involving many of their teeth), and thus exposed root surfaces on which dental plaque can accumulate. (animated-teeth.com)
- Cariogenic bacteria in supragingival dental plaque, predominantly Mutans streptococci and Lactobacilli, metabolize fermentable carbohydrates to produce acids that cause demineralization of the dental hard tissues. (dentalcare.com)
- Stabilized stannous fluoride may offer additional anti-caries benefits through the anti-bacterial actions of stannous which reduce the production of plaque acids (Kasturi et al. (dentalcare.com)
- Where does the plaque come from/What is dental plaque? (yths.fi)
- Dental plaque is formed and thickened when the bacteria/micro-organisms present in the mouth attach to and spread over tooth surfaces, resulting in the formation of a whitish, sticky layer. (yths.fi)
- Dental caries develops when the plaque becomes acidic after eating sugar-containing foods (sucrose). (yths.fi)
- Research shows that using toothpaste containing fluoride, especially when it also contains tin (stannous fluoride), can reduce the amount of plaque build-up on teeth. (webmd.com)
- Data from six clinical and laboratory studies presented at a recent peer-reviewed symposium shows that a toothpaste with a high concentration of bicarb soda cleaned away plaque and reduced deep tooth stain better than leading regular toothpastes. (purebodysolutions.com)
- When research compared three different toothpastes, it was concluded that a high-content bicarb soda toothpaste was superior at daily plaque removal to the two leading regular toothpastes tested that contain hydrated silica and dicalcium phosphate (ingredients more abrasive than bicarb soda). (purebodysolutions.com)
- Research showed that use of the high-content bicarb soda toothpaste caused the stained plaque to appear to flake off the tooth like peeling paint. (purebodysolutions.com)
- Tartar, a hard crusty deposit that forms on teeth, is much harder to remove than plaque, but can be removed at dental visits. (youngwomenshealth.org)
- PreviDent® 5000 Booster Plus brand of 1.1% sodium fluoride toothpaste in a squeeze bottle is easily applied onto a toothbrush. (colgate.com)
- The setting was 22 dental practices in Northern Ireland, and children were randomly assigned by a clinical trials unit (CTU) (using computer-generated random numbers, with allocation concealed from the dental practice until each child was recruited) to the intervention (22,600-ppm fluoride varnish, toothbrush, 50-mL tube of 1,450 ppm fluoride toothpaste, and standardized, evidence-based prevention advice) or advice-only control at 6-monthly intervals. (nih.gov)
- The "Oral Care Market Analysis By Product (Toothbrush, Toothpaste, Mouthwash/Rinse, Denture Products, Dental Accessories), By Region, And Segment Forecasts, 2014 - 2025" report has been added to Research and Markets' offering. (tmcnet.com)
- Toothpaste is a paste or gel dentifrice used with a toothbrush as an accessory to clean and maintain the aesthetics and health of teeth. (wikipedia.org)
- As far as brushing habits go, over 50% of rural India does not use a toothbrush to clean teeth while over 75% of toothpaste users brush once or less than once a day. (bio-medicine.org)
- Leads to increased caries risk, particularly root caries due to natural progression of gingival recession as part of the aging process, along with other dental problems such as attrition and toothbrush abrasion. (avroarrow.org)
- When the first tooth erupts, the washcloth is traded for a baby toothbrush with just a dab of fluoride toothpaste about the size of a grain of rice, recommends the American Dental Association . (baystatebanner.com)
- 1) Brush the tooth to clean the surface of early dental caries using toothbrush with toothpaste on it. (news-medical.net)
- A caries-preventive composition comprises an antibody obtained by immunizing a mammal with at least one antigen selected from the group consisting of Streptococcus mutans, its cell-wall fraction, fibrous substance fraction, glucosyltransferase fraction and protein antigen fraction, and a synergist selected. (google.com)
- PreviDent® Ortho Defense (1.1% Sodium Fluoride) Prescription Strength Toothpaste (Rx only), a caries preventive helps prevent white spots before they start. (colgateprofessional.com)
- Initially as a Clinical Lecturer then Senior Clinical Lecturer in Child Dental Health and since 2013 as Professor (Clinical) of Preventive Dentistry as well as a Specialist in Paediatric Dentistry and now in retirement since January 2020, I maintain an active research interest in the prevention and management of dental caries and the use of fluorides, particularly in relation to fluoride exposure. (ncl.ac.uk)
- They not only function as acid producers during caries formation but also may serve as reservoirs and diffusion barriers for caries preventive components. (carifree.com)
- These findings are imperative to the importance of studying caries and preventive strategies within a biofilm model as we continue to see that hydroxyapatite is more beneficial than fluoride in mineralizing carious lesions when the biofilm is present. (carifree.com)
- Regular dental check-ups and individualized preventive treatment on the basis of your tendency to develop oral diseases are important. (yths.fi)
- In 2011, the ADA published a clinical practice guideline with a systematic review on non-fluoride caries preventive agents (including xylitol-containing products), which is available here . (ada.org)
- It is well established that 1.1% sodium fluoride is safe and extraordinarily effective as a caries preventive when applied frequently with mouthpiece applicators. (drugs.com)
- Self-topical neutral fluoride dentifrice containing 1.1% (w/w) sodium fluoride for use as a dental caries preventive in adults and pediatric patients. (rxlist.com)
- This evidence-based clinical practice guideline on the non-restorative treatments for carious lesions in primary and permanent teeth from the American Dental Association provides 11 recommendations. (nationalelfservice.net)
- This study aims at demonstrating the effect of erythritol and xylitol lozenges on preventing the new caries lesions and the possible remineralization effect of both polyols on incipient caries lesions. (clinicaltrials.gov)
- By comparing long term effects of several polyols, on possible remineralization effect on incipient caries lesions and on preventing the new caries lesions in comparison with sorbitol,the study will help demonstrate the superiority of erythritol and eventually xylitol over sorbitol and will help demonstrate the role of sugar substitutes, beyond saliva stimulation-mediated oral benefits on dental caries prevention.Sorbitol lozenges are used as a positive control. (clinicaltrials.gov)
- Marshman Z, Kettle J, Holmes RD, Freeman R, Gibson BJ, McColl E, Maguire A, Douglas GVA, Clarkson JE, Innes N. Dental professionals' experiences of managing children with carious lesions in their primary teeth - a qualitative study within the FiCTION randomised controlled trial . (ncl.ac.uk)
- Is this how dentists normally repair early caries lesions? (news-medical.net)
- However, this method requires the multiple appointments with the dentist and long period for the remineralization of the caries lesions. (news-medical.net)
- Twice daily use of fluoride dentifrices is well-established as being effective in reducing caries and reversing early carious lesions (Marinho et al. (dentalcare.com)
- Objective: To assess the anti-caries effect of arginine-containing formulations in vivo on caries lesions compared with fluorides or placebo. (researchgate.net)
- Significant re-mineralization of root caries in 3 months. (colgate.com)
- all 3 studies support teh effectiveness of SDF for root caries arrest and prevention. (nationalelfservice.net)
- The elderly also have a higher incidence of root caries because of gingival recession, exposure of root surfaces, and declining manual dexterity (causing ineffective oral hygiene). (merckmanuals.com)
- Root caries (gum-line tooth decay). (animated-teeth.com)
Prevention of dental caries2
- Using fluoride toothpaste to prevent tooth decay is now routine, but how strong should the flouride be? (cochrane.org)
- Research shows that dental decay begins because of a shift in the oral equilibrium that stimulates demineralization. (indiana.edu)
- Toothpaste containing a small amount of arginine and calcium-salt formulations can significantly reduce the chance of developing tooth decay and other dental problems. (designerdental.co.uk)
- Widespread use of fluoride has been a major factor in the decline in the prevalence and severity of dental caries (i.e., tooth decay) in the United States and other economically developed countries. (cdc.gov)
- Everyone who has ever seen a toothpaste commercial knows that fluoride is the ingredient that helps fight tooth decay, but a new review has determined exactly how much fluoride is best in toothpastes for children. (cfah.org)
- The finding that toothpastes with fluoride concentrations around 400 to 500 parts per million and below are not as effective in preventing tooth decay is not surprising, Whall said. (cfah.org)
- When used appropriately, fluoride is safe and effective in preventing and controlling dental decay. (agd.org)
- an NIHR-HTA funded multi-centre primary dental care based RCT, published in January 2020 which aimed to determine the best way of managing decay in childrens' primary teeth. (ncl.ac.uk)
- Lacalut Basic Toothpaste has a pronounced anti-inflammatory, tooth decay preventing and cleansing properties. (russianfoods.com)
- When babies are breastfed during the day less milk stays in the mouth compared to bottle fed babies, so the risk of dental decay is less. (cyh.com)
- It has been shown that young children exposed to passive smoking have more dental decay than other children. (cyh.com)
- Using fluoride toothpaste twice a day is a very effective way of reducing tooth decay. (cyh.com)
- Conclusiones: La prevalencia de caries dental en el grupo evaluado fue alta y la condición de higiene bucal fue mala, por lo que es necesaria la implementación de programas de salud bucal dirigidas a poblaciones de riesgo.Abstract: Objective: To determine the prevalence and severity of dental decay and oral hygiene in children and adolescents in Children ' s Villages of Lima. (medworm.com)
- Dental decay was evaluated with the WHO diagnostic criteria, and oral hygiene was measured with the Greene and Vermillion Debris Index. (medworm.com)
- Results: The prevalence of dental decay in the group aged 1-4 was 36.8%, and in the 5-7, 11-13 and 14-17 groups, the prevalence was 67.7%, 56.6% and 82.4%, respectively, considering both dentitions. (medworm.com)
- Conclusions: Resul ts show a significantly high prevalence of dental decay alongside poor oral hygiene, proving that it is necessary to implement oral health programs for at-risk populations. (medworm.com)
- Said to improve dental health, xylitol tastes sweet but unlike sugar, isn't converted in the mouth to acids that can promote tooth decay. (verywellhealth.com)
- At later stages, it is important to distinguish tooth decay from other dental diseases, which is also the competence of a trained doctor. (ohiodentalclinics.com)
- Proper diet is necessary for the development and maintenance of sound teeth, especially sufficient calcium, phosphorus, and vitamins D and C. The most common disorder that affects the teeth is dental caries (tooth decay). (factmonster.com)
- The problem is that 60% of dental therapy is said to be a retreatment of the teeth once treated, and that is because the dental materials such as resin or metal alloy are totally different from a tooth in composition and structure, and those differences cause tooth decay at the contact point. (news-medical.net)
- Dr. Kazue Yamagishi of the FAP Dental Institute has succeeded in developing such a therapy, and thinks in the near future that this therapy will provide a tremendous decrease in the total incidence of tooth decay by applying it to tooth decay prevention. (news-medical.net)
- It therefore plays a role in preventing dental decay. (kenyon.edu)
- Dental decay begins with subsurface demineralization causing the formation of a subsurface lesion known as a white spot followed by cavitation. (kenyon.edu)
- Saliva is an important defense mechanism against dental decay for it's buffering and remineralization abilities. (kenyon.edu)
- The WHO data do not support fluoridation as being a reason for the decline in dental decay in 12 year olds that has been occurring in recent decades. (washingtonsblog.com)
- Baby-bottle caries refers to a pattern of tooth decay that occurs with infants and preschoolers who are allowed to nurse from a bottle that contains a sugary beverage, either frequently, or else for prolonged periods of time (i.e. napping, sleeping), or both. (animated-teeth.com)
- The decay pattern typically displayed by baby-bottle caries syndrome. (animated-teeth.com)
- Researchers at the University of Manchester in the United Kingdom concluded that while there is some evidence that using a fluoride toothpaste containing xylitol may reduce tooth decay in the permanent teeth of children by 13 percent over a 3 year period when compared to a fluoride-only toothpaste, the evidence is low quality. (ada.org)
- The best evidence for preventing tooth decay is still brushing with fluoride toothpaste and eating less sugar," he said. (ada.org)
- This new innovation can help combat tooth decay also known as dental caries, which is becoming a very serious dental problem throughout the world. (prweb.com)
- In our society, dental caries is best recognized by presence of decay or cavity on any tooth surfaces. (myhealth.gov.my)
- Comparative efficacy of a hydroxyapatite and a fluoride toothpaste for prevention and remineralization of dental caries in children. (fluoridealert.org)
- The acidic phosphate fluoride solution is applied to the early caries lesion for the purpose of remineralization. (news-medical.net)
- Without adequate remineralization the caries balance is disturbed, resulting in net mineral loss that will eventually lead to cavitation. (dentalcare.com)
- The caries demineralization-remineralization balance described above is valid for all fluoride compounds which allow dissociation of the fluoride ion in the oral cavity. (dentalcare.com)
- All 126 children surveyed by FMRRC-ABMRCP in two schools of Chitradurga Dt were affected by dental fluorosis. (countercurrents.org)
- Toothpastes with concentrations greater than 1,000 parts per million of fluoride increase the risks of fluorosis - a condition that can cause white streaks and spots or stained teeth - especially when they are used by children under the age of 5 or 6 years. (cfah.org)
- There must be a balance between the benefits of fluoride in toothpastes and its risks in very young children who are developing their adult teeth, the reviewers wrote: "Most of the available evidence focuses on mild fluorosis. (cfah.org)
- There is weak, unreliable evidence that starting the use of fluoride toothpaste in children under 12 months of age might be associated with an increased risk of fluorosis. (cfah.org)
- Fluorosis can occur when children ingest too much fluoride, for example by swallowing fluoride-containing toothpaste or inappropriate use of prescribed fluoride supplements. (cfah.org)
- The AI is the "estimated fluoride intake that has been shown to reduce the occurrence of dental caries maximally in a population without causing unwanted side effects including moderate dental fluorosis. (cdc.gov)
- However, excess fluoride can also result in dental fluorosis and can result in an increased prevalence of bone fractures in the elderly or skeletal fluorosis. (cdc.gov)
- dental fluorosis- prevalence studies in different populations, fluoride intake and excretion studies in different populations, strategies for prevention. (ncl.ac.uk)
- However, because fluoride can be ingested from several sources, it is important to control how much is consumed in order to maximize its protective effect against caries while minimizing the risk of dental fluorosis. (santemontreal.qc.ca)
- The fact that children can get fluoride from more than one source (drinking water, toothpaste, vitamins, etc.) means that there is a risk of getting too much, which can cause dental fluorosis. (santemontreal.qc.ca)
- From birth to 18 months of age the permanent front teeth are developing, and if children swallow fluoride toothpaste they may get white flecks (fluorosis) on their permanent adult teeth. (cyh.com)
- Epidemiological studies over 70 years ago provided the basis for the use of fluorides in caries prevention and revealed the clear relation between fluoride exposure in drinking water and the prevalence and severity of dental fluorosis and dental caries," said Spencer. (iadr.org)
- If the appropriate amount of fluoridated toothpaste is used, the risk of fluorosis is low, while still providing protection against caries. (ndnr.com)
- Prolonged daily ingestion may result in various degrees of dental fluorosis in pediatric patients under age 6 years, especially if the water fluoridation exceeds 0.6 ppm, since younger pediatric patients frequently cannot perform the brushing process without significant swallowing. (drugs.com)
- Use in pediatric patients under age 6 years requires special supervision to prevent repeated swallowing of gel, which could cause dental fluorosis. (drugs.com)
Risk of caries1
- A 2-year double-blind randomized three-treatment controlled parallel-group clinical study compared the anti-caries efficacy of two dentifrices containing 1.5% arginine, an insoluble calcium compound (di-calcium phosphate or calcium carbonate) and 1,450 ppm fluoride (F), as sodium monofluorophosphate, to a control dentifrice containing 1,450 ppm F, as sodium fluoride, in a silica base. (researchgate.net)
- 2,800 ppm sodium fluoride dentifrice has demonstrated 20.4% greater caries reduction compared to a regular 1,100 ppm sodium fluoride dentifrice (Biesbrock et al. (dentalcare.com)
- 2,500 ppm sodium monofluorophosphate dentifrice has demonstrated a 16-20% greater reduction in caries (DMFS) compared to 1,000 ppm (Stephen et al. (dentalcare.com)
- The following study summaries represent a sample of research demonstrating the benefits of stabilized stannous fluoride dentifrice for caries protection. (dentalcare.com)
Reduction in caries1
Development of caries1
Protection Against Dental Caries1
- Swallowing a large amount of regular toothpaste may cause stomach pain and possible intestinal blockage. (medlineplus.gov)
- This prescription toothpaste should be used once daily in place of your regular toothpaste unless otherwise instructed by your dental professional. (colgate.com)
- The high-content bicarb soda toothpaste tested significantly increased tooth whiteness, while the leading regular toothpaste did not show any significant changes. (purebodysolutions.com)
- That's what I've been doing since july, and while I haven't actually cleared it with my dentist, it's super easy, and regular toothpaste now tastes really gross. (thecrunchychicken.com)
- The Elmex Caries Protection Caries Protection toothpaste ensures complete care for your teeth and gums. (notino.dk)
- The Signal Anti Tartar toothpaste ensures complete care for your teeth and gums. (notino.co.uk)
- 8. You should visit your dentist regularly if you have dental problem such as a toothache or bleeding gums. (hubpages.com)
- If one is serious about wanting to live for at least 100 years, then good dental care (and that means taking good care of all mouth tissues, including teeth, gums,tongue, and other soft-tissues that you hardly ever notice) to prevent systemic diseases. (hubpages.com)
- Dr. Bakshi's Baksodent is a specially formulated toothpaste that reduces swelling of gums & stops gum bleeding. (alibaba.com)
- Dental infections of the teeth and gums are arguably the most common bacterial infections in humans. (kenyon.edu)
- https://docs.google.com/forms/d/1QesY2ZrAR8-3fjUeCKgXNb4i9syKoE30vlBSjEOfLQw/viewform?usp=sharing&edit_requested=true can also perform an oral exam that can detect and problems with your teeth or gums before they become a serious threat to your dental health. (dailystrength.org)
- https://www.dailyprogress.com/news/politics/advocates-and-lawmakers-work-on-medicaid-dental-benefit-proposal/article_12d22495-74ea-5094-bf85-ec5611bef1db.html disrupts the blood supply to the gums, which makes it harder for them to remain strong and healthy. (dailystrength.org)
- Research shows that using a toothpaste containing fluoride, especially when it also contains tin (stannous fluoride), can reduce bleeding and swelling of the gums. (webmd.com)
- Oral health (also known as dental health) is caring for your mouth which includes your teeth, gums, and tongue. (youngwomenshealth.org)
- Keep reading to learn more about dental health and why it's important to take good care of your teeth and gums. (youngwomenshealth.org)
Preventing dental caries in children1
Incidence of dental4
- Growing awareness among people regarding oral hygiene and increasing incidence of dental caries has led to high growth of the market. (tmcnet.com)
- Growing incidence of dental caries is also accelerating demand for oral care products. (tmcnet.com)
- Stannous fluoride has been shown to be more effective than sodium fluoride in reducing the incidence of dental caries and controlling gingivitis, but causes somewhat more surface stains. (wikipedia.org)
- [ 10 ] Evidence also shows that sport drinks may be increasing the incidence of dental erosion, which can precede caries in both child and adult athletes. (medscape.com)
- Triclosan or zinc chloride prevent gingivitis and, according to the American Dental Association, helps reduce tartar and bad breath. (wikipedia.org)
- Gingivitis is one of the major reasons for dental caries. (mylifeline.org)
- Dental problems (caries) and periodontal/gum disease (gingivitis) are most common oral diseases. (yths.fi)
- What can be done to avoid dental caries and gingivitis? (yths.fi)
- Use dental floss to clean between your teeth at least once a day. (drugs.com)
- For optimal dental health, the National Institutes of Health suggest brushing your teeth every day with a fluoride toothpaste , cleaning between your teeth every day with dental floss or another type of between-the-teeth cleaner, limiting your consumption of sugary foods, avoiding tobacco use and smoking, and seeing your dentist or oral health professional on a regular basis. (verywellhealth.com)
- Another bad sign is damage to the dental floss during its use: caries may develop on the invisible side of the tooth. (ohiodentalclinics.com)
Benefits of fluoride2
- The new review, which examined results from 75 controlled clinical studies, found that the benefits of fluoride are reduced for toothpastes that contain less than 1,000 parts per million of fluoride. (cfah.org)
- I'm not convinced that the possible benefits of fluoride in toothpaste outweigh its far more serious potential health effects, especially since it can accumulate in tissues and bones. (mercola.com)
Amount of toothpaste3
- 3 years and 3-6 years should use a smear the size of a rice grain and a pea-sized amount of toothpaste, respectively. (cdc.gov)
- Parents and caregivers can play a role in ensuring that children are brushing often enough and using the recommended amount of toothpaste. (cdc.gov)
- To estimate the amount of toothpaste used, parents were asked, "On average, how much toothpaste (do you/does SP) use when brushing (his/her) teeth? (cdc.gov)
Fluoridated toothpaste twice a day1
- In a survey of toothbrushing practices, nearly 80% of children aged 3-15 years began toothbrushing at age ≥1 year, approximately one third brushed once daily, and nearly 40% of children aged 3-6 years used too much toothpaste. (cdc.gov)
- Therefore, CDC recommends that children begin using fluoride toothpaste at age 2 years. (cdc.gov)
- Questions on toothbrushing practices and toothpaste use among children and adolescents were included in the questionnaire component of the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) for the first time beginning in the 2013-2014 cycle. (cdc.gov)
- 38% of children aged 3-6 years used more toothpaste than that recommended by CDC and other professional organizations. (cdc.gov)
- Those who swallow a lot of fluoride toothpaste, especially if they are small children, may need to go to the hospital emergency department. (medlineplus.gov)
- We conducted a parallel group randomized controlled trial of children initially aged 2 to 3 y who were caries free, to prevent the children becoming caries active over the subsequent 36 mo. (nih.gov)
- Secondary outcome measures were number of decayed, missing, or filled teeth (dmfs) in caries-active children, number of episodes of pain, and number of extracted teeth. (nih.gov)
- There was no significant difference in the number of episodes of pain between groups ( P = 0.81) or in the number of teeth extracted in caries-active children ( P = 0.95). (nih.gov)
- Younger people, children in particular, are more prone to dental caries due to their unhealthy food habits. (tmcnet.com)
- Kids Kare ™ toothpaste and gel formulas are carefully designed for children to provide early protection and superior strength against caries. (denmat.com)
- Many clinical studies in the United States have been done to evaluate the benefits of toothpastes with between 1,000 and 1,100 parts per million of fluoride and most were done with children, said Clifford Whall, Ph.D., at the American Dental Association (ADA). (cfah.org)
- The ADA recommends the use of toothpastes with fluoride for older children and adults. (cfah.org)
- The Children's Health Insurance Program, CHIP, a state health insurance program, in Texas, now includes dental coverage for children enrolled under this plan. (bio-medicine.org)
- The evidence on performing routine oral screening examinations for dental caries in children from birth to five years of age is insufficient, and the balance of benefits and harms cannot be determined. (aafp.org)
- Returning to the University at Newcastle as a Clinical Research Associate I completed my PhD in 1992 with a study of the dental effects of the use of sugars-containing medication in chronically sick children. (ncl.ac.uk)
- El-Yousfi S, Innes NPT, Holmes RD, Freeman R, Cunningham KB, McColl E, Maguire A, Douglas GVA, Clarkson JE, Marshman Z. Children and parents' perspectives on the acceptability of three management strategies for dental caries in primary teeth within the 'Filling Children's Teeth: Indicated Or Not' Randomised Controlled Trial - a qualitative study . (ncl.ac.uk)
- Using fluoride toothpaste is important, but caution must be exercised with children, who have a tendency to swallow their toothpaste up until the age of seven. (santemontreal.qc.ca)
- Children should only use a small amount (less than the size of a pea) when brushing their teeth, and they should be taught to rinse their mouths and spit the water and toothpaste out. (santemontreal.qc.ca)
- Aims To explore oral health inequalities and to assess the impact of socioeconomic factors on oral health, oral health behaviour and dental compliance of primary school children. (bmj.com)
- In the low-income group, 78.4% was caries-free, compared with 88.4% for the other children. (bmj.com)
- Half of the low-income children could be considered as regular dental attenders, while 12.6% did not have any dental visit during a 5-year period. (bmj.com)
- Conclusion Oral health, oral hygiene, oral healthcare level and dental attendance patterns are negatively affected by children's social class, leading to oral health inequalities in Belgian primary school children. (bmj.com)
- Parents need to supervise the use of toothpaste and tooth brushing by their young children. (cyh.com)
- You need to put the toothpaste on yourself until the children can do it properly. (cyh.com)
- Teach children to spit out the toothpaste after using fluoride toothpaste. (cyh.com)
- Children aged 0 to 17 months do not need toothpaste. (cyh.com)
- Children aged 18 months to 5 years - use a low fluoride toothpaste. (cyh.com)
- Research shows that young children swallow a lot of toothpaste when brushing their teeth. (cyh.com)
- Children naturally swallow more toothpaste than do adults, so that puts them at an even greater risk of fluoride toxicity at a time when it can do the most harm! (mercola.com)
- For the study, 196 four to five-year-old children brushed their teeth with either a fluoride toothpaste with 31% xylitol or standard fluoride toothpaste. (verywellhealth.com)
- Ng provides general as well as specialty dental services for children. (baystatebanner.com)
- One reason for poor dental health in children may be attributed to myths and misunderstandings. (baystatebanner.com)
- For children younger than three, the American Dental Association recommends limiting the amount of fluoride toothpaste to no more than the size of a grain of rice (left). (baystatebanner.com)
- For children three to six, use no more than a pea-sized amount of fluoride toothpaste (right). (baystatebanner.com)
- The objective of the present study was to investigate the prevalence and severity of early childhood caries (ECC) and severe early childhood caries (S-ECC) in 3-year-old Lithuanian children. (mdpi.com)
- Questionnaires were delivered to mothers of the children with S-ECC and caries-free children. (mdpi.com)
- A significantly higher percentage of mothers having caries-free children knew about risk factors of S-ECC and started tooth brushing after the eruption of the first tooth. (mdpi.com)
- Slabšinskienė E, Milčiuvienė S, Narbutaitė J, Vasiliauskienė I, Andruškevičienė V, Bendoraitienė E-A, Saldūnaitė K. Severe early childhood caries and behavioral risk factors among 3-year-old children in Lithuania. (mdpi.com)
- For children under the age of two, use a toothpaste without fluoride. (dailystrength.org)
- Children tend to swallow a lot of the toothpaste and fluoride poisoning can pose a serious health risk. (dailystrength.org)
- The review showed the strength of the recommendation was weak for advising parents and caregivers of children over five years that using sucrose-free polyol (xylitol-only or polyol combinations) chewing gum for 10 to 20 minutes after meals may reduce incidence of coronal caries. (ada.org)
- The expert panel also advised, based on expert opinion, that the use of xylitol-containing lozenges or hard candies by children five years or older also may reduce the incidence of coronal caries. (ada.org)
- Studies have revealed that a large number of adults and children around the world have caries and introducing new ways to combat the problem are always welcome. (prweb.com)
- Epidemiological studies have shown an inverse correlation between the presence of fluoride in drinking water and the prevalence of dental caries in children. (europa.eu)
- Toothpaste and fluoride rinses should not be swallowed routinely, particularly by children. (webmd.com)
- It's a good idea to make sure that children under six years of age use only a pea-sized amount of fluoride-containing toothpaste, just in case they swallow some. (webmd.com)
- Dr Berg, what are your recommendations for the use of fluoridated toothpaste in infants and young children? (ndnr.com)
- Three trained and calibrated dentists examined the children at baseline and after 1 and 2 years using the National Institute of Dental Research Diagnostic Procedures and Criteria. (researchgate.net)
- Below, we present a case to illustrate this problem and then ask experts to speculate about different approaches to the prevention and treatment of ECC that might lower the rate of mortality from dental anesthesia in children. (aappublications.org)
- The recovery area is staffed by a dental assistant, who clinically monitors children recovering from sedation. (aappublications.org)
- It has been demonstrated in some studies that xylitol reduces to a greater extent caries rate than sorbitol, however, the scientific committee on medicinal products is of the opinion that no clear data support the concept that xylitol possesses specific effects in vivo which validate a superiority claim over other polyols. (clinicaltrials.gov)
- Xylitol toothpaste is a type of toothpaste that contains xylitol , a sugar alcohol sourced from birch trees and other types of hardwood trees and plants. (verywellhealth.com)
- Xylitol is also used as an ingredient in dental care products like chewing gum, lozenges, tablets, and breath mints. (verywellhealth.com)
- The Research on Xylitol Toothpaste: Does It Work? (verywellhealth.com)
- After six months, the toothpaste with added xylitol wasn't found to be more effective than the standard fluoride toothpaste. (verywellhealth.com)
- The researchers found that xylitol toothpaste did not significantly inhibit the growth of Streptococcus mutans or Lactobacillus acidophilus. (verywellhealth.com)
- It's important to note that xylitol toothpaste shouldn't be used as a substitute for standard care in the treatment of a dental condition (such as periodontitis ). (verywellhealth.com)
- If your dog eats xylitol toothpaste, it is important to take the dog to a veterinarian immediately. (verywellhealth.com)
- It has been found that chewing gum containing xylitol is effective in preventing dental caries compared with not chewing gum or chewing sugared gum. (kenyon.edu)
Control Dental Caries1
- p>Elmex, a brand of dental care products which has been manufactured since 1962 by the Swiss oral hygiene producer GABA International AG, has helped with oral hygiene for many years. (notino.dk)
- Signal offers a wide range of mouthwashes, toothbrushes, toothpastes, and other oral hygiene products. (notino.co.uk)
- Three RCTs were included in this review of the association between personal oral hygiene and coronal dental caries. (nationalelfservice.net)
- The findings suggest that in the absence of fluorides personal oral hygiene did not reduce the incidence of caries. (nationalelfservice.net)
- A national consumer usage and attitudes survey conducted across 233 Indian cities has revealed that dental problems in India are reflected in the low awareness levels and poor oral hygiene habits. (bio-medicine.org)
- The questions were related to the children's dietary habits, temperament, oral hygiene, and the use of fluoride toothpaste. (mdpi.com)
Levels of caries1
Decline in caries1
Susceptible to caries1
- The conclusions drawn from the research, therefore, are that fluoride toothpastes containing arginine "provide significantly greater protection against caries lesion cavitation" than those that contain fluoride alone. (designerdental.co.uk)
- If you swallow toothpaste that does not contain fluoride, you may not need to go to the hospital. (medlineplus.gov)
- Toothpastes with lower fluoride levels - in the 440 to 550 range - give results that are no better than the results seen with toothpaste that does not contain fluoride, Worthington and Glenny said. (cfah.org)
- Not all U.S. toothpaste brands contain fluoride. (cfah.org)
- Miessence toothpastes do not contain fluoride, aluminium, artificial sweeteners or detergents. (purebodysolutions.com)
Fluoride to prevent2
- A thin probe, sometimes special dyes, and transillumination by fiberoptic lights are used, frequently supplemented by new devices that detect caries by changes in electrical conductivity or laser reflectivity. (merckmanuals.com)
- Unfortunately, statistics show that only ten out of a hundred patients can independently detect caries. (ohiodentalclinics.com)
- The addition of two chemicals to standard fluoride toothpaste can go a surprisingly long way towards tackling dental caries, according to new research conducted by Colgate-Palmolive. (designerdental.co.uk)
- The antimicrobial activity of seven different toothpastes Emoform, Colgate, Signal , Crest , Sanino, Close up & Sensodyne were evaluated on some pathogenic oral microorganisms : Streptococcus mutans, Micrococcus spp. (iasj.net)
- Colgate has developed a quick-reference Dental Translator tool to help you communicate with your Tagalog speaking patients. (colgateprofessional.com)
- Common phrases used in all facets of your appointment, including medical history interview, oral health assessment, and dental procedures, are now available to all registered Colgate Oral Health Advisors via the link below. (colgateprofessional.com)
- Colgate are developing several other Dental Translators for other languages, check out the COHA news section to see what else is available. (colgateprofessional.com)
- Dr Tariq Drabu in Manchester said "Colgate recently announced their new innovation at the 2014 British Dental Conference and Exhibition on the 11 April 2014. (prweb.com)
- It is exciting to know that there are companies such as Colgate that are dedicated to dental health through research and development. (prweb.com)
- Thanks to these two combined effects, fluoride can significantly reduce dental caries. (santemontreal.qc.ca)
- Dental caries have decreased significantly over the last 20 years, largely due to the use of fluoridated toothpaste. (santemontreal.qc.ca)
- CTx4 Gel 1100 performed as well as any other product with a microhardness recovery of 27.3%, but not significantly better than just fluoride toothpaste without calcium. (carifree.com)
- The results of this pivotal clinical study support the conclusion that dentifrices containing 1.5% arginine, an insoluble calcium compound and 1,450 ppm F provide significantly greater protection against caries lesion cavitation, in a low to moderate caries risk population, than dentifrices containing 1,450 ppm F alone. (researchgate.net)
- But widespread fluoridation has failed to eradicate dental caries. (indiana.edu)
- On May 27, 1991, Mexico became the seventh country in the world to adopt the salt fluoridation as a mass measure to prevent dental caries. (ibiblio.org)
- As it is known, the artificial fluoridation of human consumption water has been, since its beginning in 1945, the most used mass method to prevent dental caries all over the world. (ibiblio.org)
- The salt fluoridation and iodization is a unique chance of combining two chemical elements (iodine and fluorine) and thus prevent two important diseases: the endemic goiter and the dental caries, respectively. (ibiblio.org)
- Fluoridation of public water supplies and use of fluoride toothpastes also help prevent caries. (factmonster.com)
- D]uring the period 1979-81, especially in western Europe where there is little fluoridation, a number of dental examinations were made and compared with surveys carried out a decade or so before. (washingtonsblog.com)
- The decline in dental caries has occurred both in fluoride and in fluoride-deficient communities , lending further credence to the notion that modes other than water fluoridation, especially dentrifices, have made a major contribution. (washingtonsblog.com)
Clean Mint Toothpaste1
- We have formulated our toothpaste using Zinc, Folic Acid, Clove and Myrrh, which are found in our mouthwash, with the additional ingredients needed to make it an effective and pleasant toothpaste. (thepowermall.com)
- The daily use of toothpaste and mouthwash is for the most of us obvious. (articlealley.com)