One of a set of bone-like structures in the mouth used for biting and chewing.
The process of TOOTH formation. It is divided into several stages including: the dental lamina stage, the bud stage, the cap stage, and the bell stage. Odontogenesis includes the production of tooth enamel (AMELOGENESIS), dentin (DENTINOGENESIS), and dental cementum (CEMENTOGENESIS).
The most posterior teeth on either side of the jaw, totaling eight in the deciduous dentition (2 on each side, upper and lower), and usually 12 in the permanent dentition (three on each side, upper and lower). They are grinding teeth, having large crowns and broad chewing surfaces. (Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p821)
Mesodermal tissue enclosed in the invaginated portion of the epithelial enamel organ and giving rise to the dentin and pulp.
The collective tissues from which an entire tooth is formed, including the DENTAL SAC; ENAMEL ORGAN; and DENTAL PAPILLA. (From Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992)
Cylindrical epithelial cells in the innermost layer of the ENAMEL ORGAN. Their functions include contribution to the development of the dentinoenamel junction by the deposition of a layer of the matrix, thus producing the foundation for the prisms (the structural units of the DENTAL ENAMEL), and production of the matrix for the enamel prisms and interprismatic substance. (From Jablonski's Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992)
The emergence of a tooth from within its follicle in the ALVEOLAR PROCESS of the MAXILLA or MANDIBLE into the ORAL CAVITY. (Boucher's Clinical Dental Terminology, 4th ed)
A homeodomain protein that interacts with TATA-BOX BINDING PROTEIN. It represses GENETIC TRANSCRIPTION of target GENES and plays a critical role in ODONTOGENESIS.
The failure to retain teeth as a result of disease or injury.
Epithelial cells surrounding the dental papilla and differentiated into three layers: the inner enamel epithelium, consisting of ameloblasts which eventually form the enamel, and the enamel pulp and external enamel epithelium, both of which atrophy and disappear before and upon eruption of the tooth, respectively.
Any of the eight frontal teeth (four maxillary and four mandibular) having a sharp incisal edge for cutting food and a single root, which occurs in man both as a deciduous and a permanent tooth. (Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p820)
A hard thin translucent layer of calcified substance which envelops and protects the dentin of the crown of the tooth. It is the hardest substance in the body and is almost entirely composed of calcium salts. Under the microscope, it is composed of thin rods (enamel prisms) held together by cementing substance, and surrounded by an enamel sheath. (From Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p286)
The teeth of the first dentition, which are shed and replaced by the permanent teeth.
A normal developing tooth which has not yet perforated the oral mucosa or one that fails to erupt in the normal sequence or time interval expected for the type of tooth in a given gender, age, or population group.
Congenital absence of or defects in structures of the teeth.
The upper part of the tooth, which joins the lower part of the tooth (TOOTH ROOT) at the cervix (TOOTH CERVIX) at a line called the cementoenamel junction. The entire surface of the crown is covered with enamel which is thicker at the extremity and becomes progressively thinner toward the cervix. (From Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p216)
An abnormal opening or fissure between two adjacent teeth.
The part of a tooth from the neck to the apex, embedded in the alveolar process and covered with cementum. A root may be single or divided into several branches, usually identified by their relative position, e.g., lingual root or buccal root. Single-rooted teeth include mandibular first and second premolars and the maxillary second premolar teeth. The maxillary first premolar has two roots in most cases. Maxillary molars have three roots. (Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p690)
The elaboration of dental enamel by ameloblasts, beginning with its participation in the formation of the dentino-enamel junction to the production of the matrix for the enamel prisms and interprismatic substance. (Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992).
The proteins that are part of the dental enamel matrix.
The hard portion of the tooth surrounding the pulp, covered by enamel on the crown and cementum on the root, which is harder and denser than bone but softer than enamel, and is thus readily abraded when left unprotected. (From Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992)
Two teeth united during development by the union of their tooth germs; the teeth may be joined by the enamel of their crowns, by their root dentin, or by both.
An extra tooth, erupted or unerupted, resembling or unlike the other teeth in the group to which it belongs. Its presence may cause malposition of adjacent teeth or prevent their eruption.
Neoplasms composed of primordial GERM CELLS of embryonic GONADS or of elements of the germ layers of the EMBRYO, MAMMALIAN. The concept does not refer to neoplasms located in the gonads or present in an embryo or FETUS.
Loss of the tooth substance by chemical or mechanical processes
The largest and strongest bone of the FACE constituting the lower jaw. It supports the lower teeth.
A major dental enamel-forming protein found in mammals. In humans the protein is encoded by GENES found on both the X CHROMOSOME and the Y CHROMOSOME.
The surgical removal of a tooth. (Dorland, 28th ed)
A tooth from which the dental pulp has been removed or is necrotic. (Boucher, Clinical Dental Terminology, 4th ed)
The middle germ layer of an embryo derived from three paired mesenchymal aggregates along the neural tube.
A bone morphogenetic protein that is a potent inducer of bone formation. It also functions as a regulator of MESODERM formation during EMBRYONIC DEVELOPMENT.
A tooth that is prevented from erupting by a physical barrier, usually other teeth. Impaction may also result from orientation of the tooth in an other than vertical position in the periodontal structures.
Any of the processes by which nuclear, cytoplasmic, or intercellular factors influence the differential control of gene action during the developmental stages of an organism.
Any change in the hue, color, or translucency of a tooth due to any cause. Restorative filling materials, drugs (both topical and systemic), pulpal necrosis, or hemorrhage may be responsible. (Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p253)
A technique that localizes specific nucleic acid sequences within intact chromosomes, eukaryotic cells, or bacterial cells through the use of specific nucleic acid-labeled probes.
A technique for maintenance or growth of animal organs in vitro. It refers to three-dimensional cultures of undisaggregated tissue retaining some or all of the histological features of the tissue in vivo. (Freshney, Culture of Animal Cells, 3d ed, p1)
The constricted part of the tooth at the junction of the crown and root or roots. It is often referred to as the cementoenamel junction (CEJ), the line at which the cementum covering the root of a tooth and the enamel of the tooth meet. (Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p530, p433)
One or more layers of EPITHELIAL CELLS, supported by the basal lamina, which covers the inner or outer surfaces of the body.
A family of intercellular signaling proteins that play and important role in regulating the development of many TISSUES and organs. Their name derives from the observation of a hedgehog-like appearance in DROSOPHILA embryos with genetic mutations that block their action.
Lectins purified from the germinating seeds of common wheat (Triticum vulgare); these bind to certain carbohydrate moieties on cell surface glycoproteins and are used to identify certain cell populations and inhibit or promote some immunological or physiological activities. There are at least two isoforms of this lectin.
Physiologic loss of the primary dentition. (Zwemer, Boucher's Clinical Dental Terminology, 4th ed)
Partial or complete displacement of a tooth from its alveolar support. It is commonly the result of trauma. (From Boucher's Clinical Dental Terminology, 4th ed, p312)
Bone-growth regulatory factors that are members of the transforming growth factor-beta superfamily of proteins. They are synthesized as large precursor molecules which are cleaved by proteolytic enzymes. The active form can consist of a dimer of two identical proteins or a heterodimer of two related bone morphogenetic proteins.
The third tooth to the left and to the right of the midline of either jaw, situated between the second INCISOR and the premolar teeth (BICUSPID). (Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p817)
Transference of a tissue or organ from either an alive or deceased donor, within an individual, between individuals of the same species, or between individuals of different species.
The development of anatomical structures to create the form of a single- or multi-cell organism. Morphogenesis provides form changes of a part, parts, or the whole organism.
The process whereby calcium salts are deposited in the dental enamel. The process is normal in the development of bones and teeth. (Boucher's Clinical Dental Terminology, 4th ed, p43)
One of the eight permanent teeth, two on either side in each jaw, between the canines (CUSPID) and the molars (MOLAR), serving for grinding and crushing food. The upper have two cusps (bicuspid) but the lower have one to three. (Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p822)
A richly vascularized and innervated connective tissue of mesodermal origin, contained in the central cavity of a tooth and delimited by the dentin, and having formative, nutritive, sensory, and protective functions. (Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992)
Solid fixation of a tooth resulting from fusion of the cementum and alveolar bone, with obliteration of the periodontal ligament. It is uncommon in the deciduous dentition and very rare in permanent teeth. (Jablonski's Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992)
Progressive loss of the hard substance of a tooth by chemical processes that do not involve bacterial action. (Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p296)
Progressive restriction of the developmental potential and increasing specialization of function that leads to the formation of specialized cells, tissues, and organs.
A hollow part of the alveolar process of the MAXILLA or MANDIBLE where each tooth fits and is attached via the periodontal ligament.
Reinsertion of a tooth into the alveolus from which it was removed or otherwise lost.
One of a pair of irregularly shaped bones that form the upper jaw. A maxillary bone provides tooth sockets for the superior teeth, forms part of the ORBIT, and contains the MAXILLARY SINUS.
Resorption of calcified dental tissue, involving demineralization due to reversal of the cation exchange and lacunar resorption by osteoclasts. There are two types: external (as a result of tooth pathology) and internal (apparently initiated by a peculiar inflammatory hyperplasia of the pulp). (From Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p676)
The male gonad containing two functional parts: the SEMINIFEROUS TUBULES for the production and transport of male germ cells (SPERMATOGENESIS) and the interstitial compartment containing LEYDIG CELLS that produce ANDROGENS.
The process of germ cell development in the male from the primordial germ cells, through SPERMATOGONIA; SPERMATOCYTES; SPERMATIDS; to the mature haploid SPERMATOZOA.
Localized destruction of the tooth surface initiated by decalcification of the enamel followed by enzymatic lysis of organic structures and leading to cavity formation. If left unchecked, the cavity may penetrate the enamel and dentin and reach the pulp.
The three primary germinal layers (ECTODERM; ENDODERM; and MESODERM) developed during GASTRULATION that provide tissues and body plan of a mature organism. They derive from two early layers, hypoblast and epiblast.
The teeth collectively in the dental arch. Dentition ordinarily refers to the natural teeth in position in their alveoli. Dentition referring to the deciduous teeth is DENTITION, PRIMARY; to the permanent teeth, DENTITION, PERMANENT. (From Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992)
A treatment modality in endodontics concerned with the therapy of diseases of the dental pulp. For preparatory procedures, ROOT CANAL PREPARATION is available.
Measurement of tooth characteristics.
Proteins encoded by homeobox genes (GENES, HOMEOBOX) that exhibit structural similarity to certain prokaryotic and eukaryotic DNA-binding proteins. Homeodomain proteins are involved in the control of gene expression during morphogenesis and development (GENE EXPRESSION REGULATION, DEVELOPMENTAL).
A tooth's loss of minerals, such as calcium in hydroxyapatite from the tooth matrix, caused by acidic exposure. An example of the occurrence of demineralization is in the formation of dental caries.
The 32 teeth of adulthood that either replace or are added to the complement of deciduous teeth. (Boucher's Clinical Dental Terminology, 4th ed)
A restoration designed to remain in service for not less than 20 to 30 years, usually made of gold casting, cohesive gold, or amalgam. (Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992)
Endogenous substances, usually proteins, which are effective in the initiation, stimulation, or termination of the genetic transcription process.
Histochemical localization of immunoreactive substances using labeled antibodies as reagents.
The farthest or outermost projections of the body, such as the HAND and FOOT.
Tumors or cancer of the TESTIS. Germ cell tumors (GERMINOMA) of the testis constitute 95% of all testicular neoplasms.
Congenital absence of the teeth; it may involve all (total anodontia) or only some of the teeth (partial anodontia, hypodontia), and both the deciduous and the permanent dentition, or only teeth of the permanent dentition. (Dorland, 27th ed)
The selected form given to a natural tooth when it is reduced by instrumentation to receive a prosthesis (e.g., artificial crown or a retainer for a fixed or removable prosthesis). The selection of the form is guided by clinical circumstances and physical properties of the materials that make up the prosthesis. (Boucher's Clinical Dental Terminology, 4th ed, p239)
The processes occurring in early development that direct morphogenesis. They specify the body plan ensuring that cells will proceed to differentiate, grow, and diversify in size and shape at the correct relative positions. Included are axial patterning, segmentation, compartment specification, limb position, organ boundary patterning, blood vessel patterning, etc.
The fibrous CONNECTIVE TISSUE surrounding the TOOTH ROOT, separating it from and attaching it to the alveolar bone (ALVEOLAR PROCESS).
RNA sequences that serve as templates for protein synthesis. Bacterial mRNAs are generally primary transcripts in that they do not require post-transcriptional processing. Eukaryotic mRNA is synthesized in the nucleus and must be exported to the cytoplasm for translation. Most eukaryotic mRNAs have a sequence of polyadenylic acid at the 3' end, referred to as the poly(A) tail. The function of this tail is not known for certain, but it may play a role in the export of mature mRNA from the nucleus as well as in helping stabilize some mRNA molecules by retarding their degradation in the cytoplasm.
The thickest and spongiest part of the maxilla and mandible hollowed out into deep cavities for the teeth.
A means of identifying the age of an animal or human through tooth examination.
Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.
Diffusible gene products that act on homologous or heterologous molecules of viral or cellular DNA to regulate the expression of proteins.
The bonelike rigid connective tissue covering the root of a tooth from the cementoenamel junction to the apex and lining the apex of the root canal, also assisting in tooth support by serving as attachment structures for the periodontal ligament. (Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992)
Mature male germ cells derived from SPERMATIDS. As spermatids move toward the lumen of the SEMINIFEROUS TUBULES, they undergo extensive structural changes including the loss of cytoplasm, condensation of CHROMATIN into the SPERM HEAD, formation of the ACROSOME cap, the SPERM MIDPIECE and the SPERM TAIL that provides motility.
The intracellular transfer of information (biological activation/inhibition) through a signal pathway. In each signal transduction system, an activation/inhibition signal from a biologically active molecule (hormone, neurotransmitter) is mediated via the coupling of a receptor/enzyme to a second messenger system or to an ion channel. Signal transduction plays an important role in activating cellular functions, cell differentiation, and cell proliferation. Examples of signal transduction systems are the GAMMA-AMINOBUTYRIC ACID-postsynaptic receptor-calcium ion channel system, the receptor-mediated T-cell activation pathway, and the receptor-mediated activation of phospholipases. Those coupled to membrane depolarization or intracellular release of calcium include the receptor-mediated activation of cytotoxic functions in granulocytes and the synaptic potentiation of protein kinase activation. Some signal transduction pathways may be part of larger signal transduction pathways; for example, protein kinase activation is part of the platelet activation signal pathway.
The space in a tooth bounded by the dentin and containing the dental pulp. The portion of the cavity within the crown of the tooth is the pulp chamber; the portion within the root is the pulp canal or root canal.
Chromosomal, biochemical, intracellular, and other methods used in the study of genetics.
A malignant neoplasm of the germinal tissue of the GONADS; MEDIASTINUM; or pineal region. Germinomas are uniform in appearance, consisting of large, round cells with vesicular nuclei and clear or finely granular eosinophilic-staining cytoplasm. (Stedman, 265th ed; from DeVita Jr et al., Cancer: Principles & Practice of Oncology, 3d ed, pp1642-3)
Death of pulp tissue with or without bacterial invasion. When the necrosis is due to ischemia with superimposed bacterial infection, it is referred to as pulp gangrene. When the necrosis is non-bacterial in origin, it is called pulp mummification.
Euploid male germ cells of an early stage of SPERMATOGENESIS, derived from prespermatogonia. With the onset of puberty, spermatogonia at the basement membrane of the seminiferous tubule proliferate by mitotic then meiotic divisions and give rise to the haploid SPERMATOCYTES.
Supporting cells projecting inward from the basement membrane of SEMINIFEROUS TUBULES. They surround and nourish the developing male germ cells and secrete ANDROGEN-BINDING PROTEIN and hormones such as ANTI-MULLERIAN HORMONE. The tight junctions of Sertoli cells with the SPERMATOGONIA and SPERMATOCYTES provide a BLOOD-TESTIS BARRIER.
The convoluted tubules in the TESTIS where sperm are produced (SPERMATOGENESIS) and conveyed to the RETE TESTIS. Spermatogenic tubules are composed of developing germ cells and the supporting SERTOLI CELLS.
The sequence of PURINES and PYRIMIDINES in nucleic acids and polynucleotides. It is also called nucleotide sequence.
Therapeutic technique for replacement of minerals in partially decalcified teeth.
Presentation devices used for patient education and technique training in dentistry.
The fission of a CELL. It includes CYTOKINESIS, when the CYTOPLASM of a cell is divided, and CELL NUCLEUS DIVISION.
Extraoral body-section radiography depicting an entire maxilla, or both maxilla and mandible, on a single film.
Inflammation of the PERIAPICAL TISSUE. It includes general, unspecified, or acute nonsuppurative inflammation. Chronic nonsuppurative inflammation is PERIAPICAL GRANULOMA. Suppurative inflammation is PERIAPICAL ABSCESS.
The description and measurement of the various factors that produce physical stress upon dental restorations, prostheses, or appliances, materials associated with them, or the natural oral structures.
Linear POLYPEPTIDES that are synthesized on RIBOSOMES and may be further modified, crosslinked, cleaved, or assembled into complex proteins with several subunits. The specific sequence of AMINO ACIDS determines the shape the polypeptide will take, during PROTEIN FOLDING, and the function of the protein.
The gamete-producing glands, OVARY or TESTIS.
Male germ cells derived from SPERMATOGONIA. The euploid primary spermatocytes undergo MEIOSIS and give rise to the haploid secondary spermatocytes which in turn give rise to SPERMATIDS.
The study of the teeth of early forms of life through fossil remains.
Male germ cells derived from the haploid secondary SPERMATOCYTES. Without further division, spermatids undergo structural changes and give rise to SPERMATOZOA.
An operation in which carious material is removed from teeth and biomechanically correct forms are established in the teeth to receive and retain restorations. A constant requirement is provision for prevention of failure of the restoration through recurrence of decay or inadequate resistance to applied stresses. (Boucher's Clinical Dental Terminology, 4th ed, p239-40)
Absence of teeth from a portion of the mandible and/or maxilla.
Synthetic resins, containing an inert filler, that are widely used in dentistry.
An acquired or hereditary condition due to deficiency in the formation of tooth enamel (AMELOGENESIS). It is usually characterized by defective, thin, or malformed DENTAL ENAMEL. Risk factors for enamel hypoplasia include gene mutations, nutritional deficiencies, diseases, and environmental factors.
The relationship of all the components of the masticatory system in normal function. It has special reference to the position and contact of the maxillary and mandibular teeth for the highest efficiency during the excursive movements of the jaw that are essential for mastication. (From Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p556, p472)
A radiosensitive, malignant neoplasm of the testis, thought to be derived from primordial germ cells of the sexually undifferentiated embryonic gonad. There are three variants: classical (typical), the most common type; anaplastic; and spermatocytic. The classical seminoma is composed of fairly well differentiated sheets or cords of uniform polygonal or round cells (seminoma cells), each cell having abundant clear cytoplasm, distinct cell membranes, a centrally placed round nucleus, and one or more nucleoli. In the female, a grossly and histologically identical neoplasm, known as dysgerminoma, occurs. (Dorland, 27th ed)
The practice of personal hygiene of the mouth. It includes the maintenance of oral cleanliness, tissue tone, and general preservation of oral health.
An adhesion procedure for orthodontic attachments, such as plastic DENTAL CROWNS. This process usually includes the application of an adhesive material (DENTAL CEMENTS) and letting it harden in-place by light or chemical curing.
The aftermost permanent tooth on each side in the maxilla and mandible.
Use of a metal casting, usually with a post in the pulp or root canal, designed to support and retain an artificial crown.
Dental procedure in which the entire pulp chamber is removed from the crown and roots of a tooth.
Total lack of teeth through disease or extraction.
Materials used in the production of dental bases, restorations, impressions, prostheses, etc.
The structures surrounding and supporting the tooth. Periodontium includes the gum (GINGIVA), the alveolar bone (ALVEOLAR PROCESS), the DENTAL CEMENTUM, and the PERIODONTAL LIGAMENT.
Pathological processes involving the PERIODONTIUM including the gum (GINGIVA), the alveolar bone (ALVEOLAR PROCESS), the DENTAL CEMENTUM, and the PERIODONTAL LIGAMENT.
"Decayed, missing and filled teeth," a routinely used statistical concept in dentistry.
Inability or inadequacy of a dental restoration or prosthesis to perform as expected.
Materials placed inside a root canal for the purpose of obturating or sealing it. The materials may be gutta-percha, silver cones, paste mixtures, or other substances. (Dorland, 28th ed, p631 & Boucher's Clinical Dental Terminology, 4th ed, p187)
Dental cements composed either of polymethyl methacrylate or dimethacrylate, produced by mixing an acrylic monomer liquid with acrylic polymers and mineral fillers. The cement is insoluble in water and is thus resistant to fluids in the mouth, but is also irritating to the dental pulp. It is used chiefly as a luting agent for fabricated and temporary restorations. (Jablonski's Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p159)
Migration of the teeth toward the midline or forward in the DENTAL ARCH. (From Boucher's Clinical Dental Terminology, 4th ed)
The testing of materials and devices, especially those used for PROSTHESES AND IMPLANTS; SUTURES; TISSUE ADHESIVES; etc., for hardness, strength, durability, safety, efficacy, and biocompatibility.
The plan, delineation, and location of actual structural elements of dentures. The design can relate to retainers, stress-breakers, occlusal rests, flanges, framework, lingual or palatal bars, reciprocal arms, etc.
Preparatory activities in ROOT CANAL THERAPY by partial or complete extirpation of diseased pulp, cleaning and sterilization of the empty canal, enlarging and shaping the canal to receive the sealing material. The cavity may be prepared by mechanical, sonic, chemical, or other means. (From Dorland, 28th ed, p1700)
A partial denture designed and constructed to be removed readily from the mouth.
An artificial replacement for one or more natural teeth or part of a tooth, or associated structures, ranging from a portion of a tooth to a complete denture. The dental prosthesis is used for cosmetic or functional reasons, or both. DENTURES and specific types of dentures are also available. (From Boucher's Clinical Dental Terminology, 4th ed, p244 & Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p643)
The seepage of fluids, debris, and micro-organisms between the walls of a prepared dental cavity and the restoration.
Phase of endodontic treatment in which a root canal system that has been cleaned is filled through use of special materials and techniques in order to prevent reinfection.
Inflammation of the DENTAL PULP, usually due to bacterial infection in dental caries, tooth fracture, or other conditions causing exposure of the pulp to bacterial invasion. Chemical irritants, thermal factors, hyperemic changes, and other factors may also cause pulpitis.
The act and process of chewing and grinding food in the mouth.
Substances used to bond COMPOSITE RESINS to DENTAL ENAMEL and DENTIN. These bonding or luting agents are used in restorative dentistry, ROOT CANAL THERAPY; PROSTHODONTICS; and ORTHODONTICS.
Devices used for influencing tooth position. Orthodontic appliances may be classified as fixed or removable, active or retaining, and intraoral or extraoral. (Boucher's Clinical Dental Terminology, 4th ed, p19)
A paired box transcription factor that is involved in ODONTOGENESIS.
A type of CELL NUCLEUS division, occurring during maturation of the GERM CELLS. Two successive cell nucleus divisions following a single chromosome duplication (S PHASE) result in daughter cells with half the number of CHROMOSOMES as the parent cells.
A film that attaches to teeth, often causing DENTAL CARIES and GINGIVITIS. It is composed of MUCINS, secreted from salivary glands, and microorganisms.
The application of dental knowledge to questions of law.
Dense fibrous layer formed from mesodermal tissue that surrounds the epithelial enamel organ. The cells eventually migrate to the external surface of the newly formed root dentin and give rise to the cementoblasts that deposit cementum on the developing root, fibroblasts of the developing periodontal ligament, and osteoblasts of the developing alveolar bone.
The process of germ cell development in the female from the primordial germ cells through OOGONIA to the mature haploid ova (OVUM).
Technique involving the passage of X-rays through oral structures to create a film record while a central tab or wing of dental X-ray film is being held between upper and lower teeth.
Diseases of the PERIAPICAL TISSUE surrounding the root of the tooth, which is distinguished from DENTAL PULP DISEASES inside the TOOTH ROOT.
Such malposition and contact of the maxillary and mandibular teeth as to interfere with the highest efficiency during the excursive movements of the jaw that are essential for mastication. (Jablonski, Illustrated Dictionary of Dentistry, 1982)
The curve formed by the row of TEETH in their normal position in the JAW. The inferior dental arch is formed by the mandibular teeth, and the superior dental arch by the maxillary teeth.
A partial denture attached to prepared natural teeth, roots, or implants by cementation.
Bony structure of the mouth that holds the teeth. It consists of the MANDIBLE and the MAXILLA.
The plan and delineation of dental prostheses in general or a specific dental prosthesis. It does not include DENTURE DESIGN. The framework usually consists of metal.
A numerical rating scale for classifying the periodontal status of a person or population with a single figure which takes into consideration prevalence as well as severity of the condition. It is based upon probe measurement of periodontal pockets and on gingival tissue status.
Photographic techniques used in ORTHODONTICS; DENTAL ESTHETICS; and patient education.
An alloy used in restorative dentistry that contains mercury, silver, tin, copper, and possibly zinc.
Small metal or ceramic attachments used to fasten an arch wire. These attachments are soldered or welded to an orthodontic band or cemented directly onto the teeth. Bowles brackets, edgewise brackets, multiphase brackets, ribbon arch brackets, twin-wire brackets, and universal brackets are all types of orthodontic brackets.
A polymer obtained by reacting polyacrylic acid with a special anion-leachable glass (alumino-silicate). The resulting cement is more durable and tougher than others in that the materials comprising the polymer backbone do not leach out.
Inflammation of gum tissue (GINGIVA) without loss of connective tissue.
A white powder prepared from lime that has many medical and industrial uses. It is in many dental formulations, especially for root canal filling.
Skills, techniques, standards, and principles used to improve the art and symmetry of the teeth and face to improve the appearance as well as the function of the teeth, mouth, and face. (From Boucher's Clinical Dental Terminology, 4th ed, p108)
A plant genus of the family POACEAE that is the source of EDIBLE GRAIN. A hybrid with rye (SECALE CEREALE) is called TRITICALE. The seed is ground into FLOUR and used to make BREAD, and is the source of WHEAT GERM AGGLUTININS.
Restorations of metal, porcelain, or plastic made to fit a cavity preparation, then cemented into the tooth. Onlays are restorations which fit into cavity preparations and overlay the occlusal surface of a tooth or teeth. Onlays are retained by frictional or mechanical factors.
Preparation of TOOTH surfaces and DENTAL MATERIALS with etching agents, usually phosphoric acid, to roughen the surface to increase adhesion or osteointegration.
The process of germ cell development from the primordial GERM CELLS to the mature haploid GAMETES: ova in the female (OOGENESIS) or sperm in the male (SPERMATOGENESIS).
Fixed or removable devices that join teeth together. They are used to repair teeth that are mobile as a result of PERIODONTITIS.
The reproductive organ (GONADS) in female animals. In vertebrates, the ovary contains two functional parts: the OVARIAN FOLLICLE for the production of female germ cells (OOGENESIS); and the endocrine cells (GRANULOSA CELLS; THECA CELLS; and LUTEAL CELLS) for the production of ESTROGENS and PROGESTERONE.
Coagulated exudate isolated from several species of the tropical tree Palaquium (Sapotaceae). It is the trans-isomer of natural rubber and is used as a filling and impression material in dentistry and orthopedics and as an insulator in electronics. It has also been used as a rubber substitute.
Substances that inhibit or arrest DENTAL CARIES formation. (Boucher's Clinical Dental Terminology, 4th ed)
Tissue surrounding the apex of a tooth, including the apical portion of the periodontal membrane and alveolar bone.
Agents used to occlude dental enamel pits and fissures in the prevention of dental caries.
A true neoplasm composed of a number of different types of tissue, none of which is native to the area in which it occurs. It is composed of tissues that are derived from three germinal layers, the endoderm, mesoderm, and ectoderm. They are classified histologically as mature (benign) or immature (malignant). (From DeVita Jr et al., Cancer: Principles & Practice of Oncology, 3d ed, p1642)
Cements that act through infiltration and polymerization within the dentinal matrix and are used for dental restoration. They can be adhesive resins themselves, adhesion-promoting monomers, or polymerization initiators that act in concert with other agents to form a dentin-bonding system.
The formation of dentin. Dentin first appears in the layer between the ameloblasts and odontoblasts and becomes calcified immediately. Formation progresses from the tip of the papilla over its slope to form a calcified cap becoming thicker by the apposition of new layers pulpward. A layer of uncalcified dentin intervenes between the calcified tissue and the odontoblast and its processes. (From Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992)
Descriptions of specific amino acid, carbohydrate, or nucleotide sequences which have appeared in the published literature and/or are deposited in and maintained by databanks such as GENBANK, European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), National Biomedical Research Foundation (NBRF), or other sequence repositories.
The epithelium lining the seminiferous tubules composed of primary male germ cells (SPERMATOGONIA) and supporting SERTOLI CELLS. As SPERMATOGENESIS proceeds, the developing germ cells migrate toward the lumen. The adluminal compartment, the inner two thirds of the tubules, contains SPERMATOCYTES and the more advanced germ cells.
The phase of orthodontics concerned with the correction of malocclusion with proper appliances and prevention of its sequelae (Jablonski's Illus. Dictionary of Dentistry).
Orthodontic movement in the coronal direction achieved by outward tension on the PERIODONTAL LIGAMENT. It does not include the operative procedure that CROWN LENGTHENING involves.
A malignant ovarian neoplasm, thought to be derived from primordial germ cells of the sexually undifferentiated embryonic gonad. It is the counterpart of the classical seminoma of the testis, to which it is both grossly and histologically identical. Dysgerminomas comprise 16% of all germ cell tumors but are rare before the age of 10, although nearly 50% occur before the age of 20. They are generally considered of low-grade malignancy but may spread if the tumor extends through its capsule and involves lymph nodes or blood vessels. (Dorland, 27th ed; DeVita Jr et al., Cancer: Principles & Practice of Oncology, 3d ed, p1646)
A mixture of metallic elements or compounds with other metallic or metalloid elements in varying proportions for use in restorative or prosthetic dentistry.
A dental specialty concerned with the maintenance of the dental pulp in a state of health and the treatment of the pulp cavity (pulp chamber and pulp canal).
The planning, calculation, and creation of an apparatus for the purpose of correcting the placement or straightening of teeth.
An abnormal extension of a gingival sulcus accompanied by the apical migration of the epithelial attachment and bone resorption.
Microscopy in which the object is examined directly by an electron beam scanning the specimen point-by-point. The image is constructed by detecting the products of specimen interactions that are projected above the plane of the sample, such as backscattered electrons. Although SCANNING TRANSMISSION ELECTRON MICROSCOPY also scans the specimen point by point with the electron beam, the image is constructed by detecting the electrons, or their interaction products that are transmitted through the sample plane, so that is a form of TRANSMISSION ELECTRON MICROSCOPY.
Dental procedure in which part of the pulp chamber is removed from the crown of a tooth.
A type of porcelain used in dental restorations, either jacket crowns or inlays, artificial teeth, or metal-ceramic crowns. It is essentially a mixture of particles of feldspar and quartz, the feldspar melting first and providing a glass matrix for the quartz. Dental porcelain is produced by mixing ceramic powder (a mixture of quartz, kaolin, pigments, opacifiers, a suitable flux, and other substances) with distilled water. (From Jablonski's Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992)
A disorder characterized by grinding and clenching of the teeth.
Resorption or wasting of the tooth-supporting bone (ALVEOLAR PROCESS) in the MAXILLA or MANDIBLE.
A rapid, low-dose, digital imaging system using a small intraoral sensor instead of radiographic film, an intensifying screen, and a charge-coupled device. It presents the possibility of reduced patient exposure and minimal distortion, although resolution and latitude are inferior to standard dental radiography. A receiver is placed in the mouth, routing signals to a computer which images the signals on a screen or in print. It includes digitizing from x-ray film or any other detector. (From MEDLINE abstracts; personal communication from Dr. Charles Berthold, NIDR)
A commonly used prosthesis that results in a strong, permanent restoration. It consists of an electrolytically etched cast-metal retainer that is cemented (bonded), using resins, to adjacent teeth whose enamel was previously acid-treated (acid-etched). This type of bridgework is sometimes referred to as a Maryland bridge.
The generic term for salts derived from silica or the silicic acids. They contain silicon, oxygen, and one or more metals, and may contain hydrogen. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th Ed)
Characteristics or attributes of the outer boundaries of objects, including molecules.
Radiographic techniques used in dentistry.
Remains, impressions, or traces of animals or plants of past geological times which have been preserved in the earth's crust.
A prosthesis or restoration placed for a limited period, from several days to several months, which is designed to seal the tooth and maintain its position until a permanent restoration (DENTAL RESTORATION, PERMANENT) will replace it. (From Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992)
Natural teeth or teeth roots used as anchorage for a fixed or removable denture or other prosthesis (such as an implant) serving the same purpose.
Polymeric resins derived from OXIRANES and characterized by strength and thermosetting properties. Epoxy resins are often used as dental materials.

Msx1 is required for the induction of Patched by Sonic hedgehog in the mammalian tooth germ. (1/161)

We have used the mouse developing tooth germ as a model system to explore the transmission of Sonic hedgehog (Shh) signal in the induction of Patched (Ptc). In the early developing molar tooth germ, Shh is expressed in the dental epithelium, and the transcripts of Shh downstream target genes Ptc and Gli1 are expressed in dental epithelium as well as adjacent mesenchymal tissue. The homeobox gene Msx1 is also expressed in the dental mesenchyme of the molar tooth germ at this time. We show here that the expression of Ptc, but not Gli1, was downregulated in the dental mesenchyme of Msx1 mutants. In wild-type E11.0 molar tooth mesenchyme SHH-soaked beads induced the expression of Ptc and Gli1. However, in Msx1 mutant dental mesenchyme SHH-soaked beads were able to induce Gli1 but failed to induce Ptc expression, indicating a requirement for Msx1 in the induction of Ptc by SHH. Moreover, we show that another signaling molecule, BMP4, was able to induce Ptc expression in wild-type dental mesenchyme, but induced a distinct expression pattern of Ptc in the Msx1 mutant molar mesenchyme. We conclude that in the context of the tooth germ Msx1 is a component of the Shh signaling pathway that leads to Ptc induction. Our results also suggest that the precise pattern of Ptc expression in the prospective tooth-forming region is controlled and coordinated by at least two inductive signaling pathways.  (+info)

An immunocytochemical study of amelogenin proteins in the developing tooth enamel of the gar-pike, Lepisosteus oculatus (Holostei, Actinopterygii). (2/161)

Previous studies have demonstrated the morphological similarity of the enamel-like layer found in the teeth of the coelacanth, lungfish and gar-pike to the enamel of tetrapods. In order to clarify the phylogenetic continuity between both structures, tooth germs of the gar-pike were immunocytochemically studied using an anti-bovine amelogenin polyclonal antibody. Intense immunoreaction was shown over the enamel-like matrix layer. Certain cell organelles associated with the secretory pathway of the ameloblasts were recognized as immunoreactive. These results indicate that the enamel-like layer of the gar-pike is a tissue homologous with the mammalian enamel because both possess a common, amelogenin-like substance.  (+info)

Antagonistic signals between BMP4 and FGF8 define the expression of Pitx1 and Pitx2 in mouse tooth-forming anlage. (3/161)

Members of the Pitx/RIEG family of homeodomain-containing transcription factors have been implicated in vertebrate organogenesis. In this study, we examined the expression and regulation of Pitx1 and Pitx2 during mouse tooth development. Pitx1 expression is detected in early development in a widespread pattern, in both epithelium and mesenchyme, covering the tooth-forming region in the mandible, and is then maintained in the dental epithelium from the bud stage to the late bell stage. Pitx2 expression, on the other hand, is restricted to the dental epithelium throughout odontogenesis. Interestingly, from E9.5 to E10.5, the expression domains of Pitx1 and Pitx2, in the developing mandible, overlap with that of Fgf8 but are exclusive to the zone of Bmp4 expression. Bead implantation experiments demonstrate that ectopic expression of Fgf8 can induce/maintain the expression of both Pitx1 and Pitx2 at E9.5. In contrast, Bmp4-expressing tissues and BMP4-soaked beads were able to repress Pitx1 expression in mandibular mesenchyme and Pitx2 expression in the presumptive dental epithelium, respectively. However, the effects of FGF8 and BMP4 are transient. It thus appears that the early expression patterns of Pitx1 and Pitx2 in the developing mandible are regulated by the antagonistic effects of FGF8 and BMP4 such that the Pitx1 and Pitx2 expression patterns are defined. These results indicate that the epithelial-derived signaling molecules are responsible not only for restricting specific gene expression in the dental mesenchyme, but also for defining gene expression in the dental epithelium.  (+info)

Proteinases in developing dental enamel. (4/161)

For almost three decades, proteinases have been known to reside within developing dental enamel. However, identification and characterization of these proteinases have been slow and difficult, because they are present in very small quantities and they are difficult to purify directly from the mineralizing enamel. Enamel matrix proteins such as amelogenin, ameloblastin, and enamelin are cleaved by proteinases soon after they are secreted, and their cleavage products accumulate in the deeper, more mature enamel layers, while the full-length proteins are observed only at the surface. These results suggest that proteinases are necessary for "activating" enamel proteins so the parent proteins and their cleavage products may perform different functions. A novel matrix metalloproteinase named enamelysin (MMP-20) was recently cloned from tooth tissues and was later shown to localize primarily within the most recently formed enamel. Furthermore, recombinant porcine enamelysin was demonstrated to cleave recombinant porcine amelogenin at virtually all of the sites that have previously been described in vivo. Therefore, enamelysin is at least one enzyme that may be important during early enamel development. As enamel development progresses to the later stages, a profound decrease in the enamel protein content is observed. Proteinases have traditionally been assumed to degrade the organic matrix prior to its removal from the enamel. Recently, a novel serine proteinase named enamel matrix serine proteinase-1 (EMSP1) was cloned from enamel organ epithelia. EMSP1 localizes primarily to the early maturation stage enamel and may, therefore, be involved in the degradation of proteins prior to their removal from the maturing enamel. Other, as yet unidentified, proteinases and proteinase inhibitors are almost certainly present within the forming enamel and await discovery.  (+info)

A new function of BMP4: dual role for BMP4 in regulation of Sonic hedgehog expression in the mouse tooth germ. (5/161)

The murine tooth development is governed by sequential and reciprocal epithelial-mesenchymal interactions. Multiple signaling molecules are expressed in the developing tooth germ and interact each other to mediate the inductive tissue interactions. Among them are Sonic hedgehog (SHH), Bone Morphogenetic Protein-2 (BMP2) and Bone Morphogenetic Protein-4 (BMP4). We have investigated the interactions between these signaling molecules during early tooth development. We found that the expression of Shh and Bmp2 is downregulated at E12.5 and E13.5 in the dental epithelium of the Msx1 mutant tooth germ where Bmp4 expression is significantly reduced in the dental mesenchyme. Inhibition of BMP4 activity by noggin resulted in repression of Shh and Bmp2 in wild-type dental epithelium. When implanted into the dental mesenchyme of Msx1 mutants, beads soaked with BMP4 protein were able to restore the expression of both Shh and Bmp2 in the Msx1 mutant epithelium. These results demonstrated that mesenchymal BMP4 represents one component of the signal acting on the epithelium to maintain Shh and Bmp2 expression. In contrast, BMP4-soaked beads repressed Shh and Bmp2 expression in the wild-type dental epithelium. TUNEL assay indicated that this suppression of gene expression by exogenous BMP4 was not the result of an increase in programmed cell death in the tooth germ. Ectopic expression of human Bmp4 to the dental mesenchyme driven by the mouse Msx1 promoter restored Shh expression in the Msx1 mutant dental epithelium but repressed Shh in the wild-type tooth germ in vivo. We further demonstrated that this regulation of Shh expression by BMP4 is conserved in the mouse developing limb bud. In addition, Shh expression was unaffected in the developing limb buds of the transgenic mice in which a constitutively active Bmpr-IB is ectopically expressed in the forelimb posterior mesenchyme and throughout the hindlimb mesenchyme, suggesting that the repression of Shh expression by BMP4 may not be mediated by BMP receptor-IB. These results provide evidence for a new function of BMP4. BMP4 can act upstream to Shh by regulating Shh expression in mouse developing tooth germ and limb bud. Taken together, our data provide insight into a new regulatory mechanism for Shh expression, and suggest that this BMP4-mediated pathway in Shh regulation may have a general implication in vertebrate organogenesis.  (+info)

Wnt/Shh interactions regulate ectodermal boundary formation during mammalian tooth development. (6/161)

Interactions between the Wnt (wingless) and hedgehog signaling pathways were first described as playing a role in establishing boundaries between ectodermal cells in Drosophila segmentation. During the initiation of mammalian tooth development, boundaries that distinguish oral from dental ectoderm must be formed to correctly position the sites of tooth formation. We describe a reciprocal relationship between the expression of Wnt-7b in presumptive oral ectoderm and Shh in presumptive dental ectoderm in mouse embryos that mark boundaries between these cells with different developmental fates. By using a murine retrovirus to ectopically express Wnt-7b in presumptive dental ectoderm in mandibular arch explants, we show that Shh expression in the ectoderm and Ptc expression in the underlying ectomesenchyme are down-regulated, and tooth development is subsequently arrested. This suggests that Wnt-7b acts to repress Shh expression in oral ectoderm, thus maintaining the boundaries between oral and dental ectodermal cells. Implantation of beads soaked in Shh protein into Wnt-7b-infected explants resulted in complete rescue of tooth development, confirming that the repressive action of Wnt-7b specifically affects Shh signaling.  (+info)

Nestin expression in embryonic and adult human teeth under normal and pathological conditions. (7/161)

Nestin is an intermediate filament most related to neurofilaments and expressed predominantly in the developing nervous system and muscles. In the present study we examined the in vivo distribution of nestin in human teeth during embryonic development and in permanent teeth under normal and pathological conditions. The results show that nestin is first expressed at the bell stage and that its distribution is restricted in pulpal cells located at the cusp area of the fetal teeth. In young permanent teeth, nestin is found only in functional odontoblasts, which produce the hard tissue matrix of dentin. Expression is progressively down-regulated and nestin is absent from older permanent teeth. In carious and injured teeth, nestin expression is up-regulated in a selective manner in odontoblasts surrounding the injury site, showing a link between tissue repair competence and nestin up-regulation under pathological conditions. In an in vitro assay system of human dental pulp explants, nestin is up-regulated after local application of bone morphogenic protein-4. A similar effect is seen in cultures of primary pulp cells during their differentiation into odontoblasts. Taken together, these results suggest that nestin plays a potential role in odontoblast differentiation during normal and pathological conditions and that bone morphogenic protein-4 is involved in nestin up-regulation.  (+info)

Molecular signaling and pulpal nerve development. (8/161)

The purpose of this review is to discuss molecular factors influencing nerve growth to teeth. The establishment of a sensory pulpal innervation occurs concurrently with tooth development. Epithelial/mesenchymal interactions initiate the tooth primordium and change it into a complex organ. The initial events seem to be controlled by the epithelium, and subsequently, the mesenchyme acquires odontogenic properties. As yet, no single initiating epithelial or mesenchymal factor has been identified. Axons reach the jaws before tooth formation and form terminals near odontogenic sites. In some species, local axons have an initiating function in odontogenesis, but it is not known if this is also the case with mammals. In diphyodont mammals, the primary dentition is replaced by a permanent dentition, which involves a profound remodeling of terminal pulpal axons. The molecular signals underlying this remodeling remain unknown. Due to the senescent deterioration of the dentition, the target area of tooth nerves shrinks with age, and these nerves show marked pathological-like changes. Nerve growth factor and possibly also brain-derived neurotrophic factor seem to be important in the formation of a sensory pulpal innervation. Neurotrophin-3 and -4/5 are probably not involved. In addition, glial cell line-derived neurotrophic factor, but not neurturin, seems to be involved in the control of pulpal axon growth. A variety of other growth factors may also influence developing tooth nerves. Many major extracellular matrix molecules, which can influence growing axons, are present in developing teeth. It is likely that these molecules influence the growing pulpal axons.  (+info)

TY - JOUR. T1 - Glycosphingolipids regulate ameloblastin expression in dental epithelial cells. AU - Kamasaki, Y.. AU - Nakamura, T.. AU - Yoshizaki, Keigo. AU - Iwamoto, T.. AU - Yamada, A.. AU - Fukumoto, E.. AU - Maruya, Y.. AU - Iwabuchi, K.. AU - Furukawa, K.. AU - Fujiwara, T.. AU - Fukumoto, Satoshi. PY - 2012/1/1. Y1 - 2012/1/1. N2 - Neurotrophin 4 (NT-4) and its receptors regulate the differentiation of ameloblasts in tooth development. Gangliosides, sialic acids that contain glycosphingolipids (GSLs), are involved in a variety of membrane-associated cell physiological functions such as ligand-receptor signal transmission. However, the expression patterns and functions of GSLs during tooth development remain unclear. In this study, we identified strong expressions of GM3 and LacCer in dental epithelium, which give rise to differentiation into enamel-secreting ameloblasts. Exogenous GM3 and LacCer in dental epithelial cells induced the expression of ameloblastin (Ambn), while it was also ...
The bell stage is known for the histodifferentiation and morphodifferentiation that takes place. The dental organ is bell-shaped during this stage, and the majority of its cells are called stellate reticulum because of their star-shaped appearance.. THE BELL STAGE IS DIVIDED INTO EARLY BELL STAGE & LATE BELL STAGES. Continue reading →. ...
We have studied the expression of transforming growth factor beta-1 (TGF-beta 1) RNA during mouse tooth development, using in situ hybridization and experimental tissue recombinations. Analysis of the serial sections revealed the appearance of local expression of TGF-beta 1 RNA in the dental epithelium at bud- staged teeth (13-day embryos). Just before transition to the cap stage, TGF-beta 1 RNA expression rapidly increased in the epithelial bud, and it also extended to the condensed dental mesenchyme. At cap stage (14- and 15-day embryos), there was an intense expression of TGF-beta 1 RNA in the morphologically active cervical loops of the dental epithelium. During early bell stage (16- and 17-day embryos), TGF-beta 1 RNA expression was detected in the inner enamel epithelium where it subsequently almost disappeared (18- day embryos). After birth TGF-beta 1 transcripts transiently appeared in these cells when they were differentiating into ameloblasts (1-day mice). The transcripts were lost ...
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are an abundant class of noncoding RNAs that are believed to be important in many biological processes through regulation of gene expression. Little is known of their function in tooth morphogenesis and differentiation. MicroRNA-214 (miR-214), encoded by the polycistronic Dnm30os gene, is highly expressed during development of molar tooth germ and was selected as a target for silencing with anti-miR-214. Mandibular injection of 1-100 pmol of anti-miR-214 close to the developing first molar in newborn mice resulted in significant decrease in expression of miR-214, miR-466h, and miR-574-5p in the tooth germ. Furthermore, levels of miR-199a-3p, miR-199a-5p, miR-690, miR-720, and miR-1224 were significantly increased. Additionally, the expression of 863 genes was significantly increased and the expression of 305 genes was significantly decreased. Among the genes with increased expression was Twist-1 and Ezh2, suggested to regulate expression of miR-214. Microarray results were ...
No expression: oral epithelium, outer enamel epithelium, inner enamel epithelium, enamel knot, stellate reticulum, dental papilla, dental sac ...
J:83512 Hikake T, Mori T, Iseki K, Hagino S, Zhang Y, Takagi H, Yokoya S, Wanaka A, Comparison of expression patterns between CREB family transcription factor OASIS and proteoglycan core protein genes during murine tooth development. Anat Embryol (Berl). 2003 Apr;206(5):373-80 ...
Homeobox protein MSX-1 (hereafter referred to as MSX-1) is essential for early tooth-germ development. Tooth-germ development is arrested at bud stage in Msx1 knockout mice, which prompted us to study the functions of MSX-1 beyond this stage. Here, we investigated the roles of MSX-1 during late bell stage. Mesenchymal cells of the mandibular first molar were isolated from mice at embryonic day (E)17.5 and cultured in vitro. We determined the expression levels of β-catenin, bone morphogenetic protein 2 (Bmp2), Bmp4, and lymphoid enhancer-binding factor 1 (Lef1) after knockdown or overexpression of Msx1 ...
Early tooth decay is damage on the tooths enamel, and can happen anywhere on the tooth, and at any age. The good news is that its very treatable.
Skalleberg, Natalie Sharim; Xianbin, Yang; Babaie, Eshrat; Crystal, John Michael; Geronimo, Benedicto Abrigos; Reseland, Janne Elin; Osmundsen, Harald & Landin, Maria Augusta Dos S Silva (2018). Effects of miR-214 knockout on 214/199 cluster expression levels during mineralization of the first murine molar. PLoS biology. ISSN 1544-9173. Vis sammendrag The objectives of this study were to investigate the effects induced on the 214/199 cluster and consequently murine miRNome while miR-214 was temporarily knocked out on the first murine molar. Endogenous expression of individual microRNAs (miRNAs) of 214/199 cluster during mineralization stages was also mapped. Nucleotide alignment of miR-214 mature sequence and comparative genomics was used to find target genes for this miR during mineralization of the first murine molar. The effects of temporary knockdown of miR-214 were induced by in vivo transfection with antagomir-214 in situ at the first murine molar. The expression levels of microRNAs (miRs) ...
All 28 ModuPRO Pros M200 Series teeth can be individually replaced. Teeth are intended to fit the same as the tooth that was installed with your original ModuPRO Pros, ModuPRO Exam Practice Kit, or CRDTS Exam Kit. (M200 teeth fit ONLY the segmented ModuPRO Pros modules.) All M200 teeth sales are final. ...
It was shown in both mouse and human tooth development that PAX9 and MSX1 are the most important genes regulating progression through early stages of tooth development. These genes are encoding transcription factors involved in epithelial/mesenchymal interactions. Their key function seems to be maintenance and regulation of Bmp4 expression in dental mesenchyme. If the functions of PAX9 and MSX1 are disturbed, the tooth will not develop.
Teeth. Polarised light micrograph of a section through molar teeth in the lower jaw. Molar teeth are used for grinding up and chewing food. The crowns of these teeth have caps of enamel (grey band, upper centre). This is the hardest substance in the body, and prevents wearing of the tooth. The teeth are anchored in the gum by their roots (blue/green). Their pulp cavities (black, centre left and right) contain nerves and blood vessels. This pulp is surrounded by dentine (many colours) which forms the bulk of the tooth. This is a tissue similar to bone but harder. - Stock Image P486/0071
So, you lost a tooth. Dont despair! If you dont have the bucks to have a dentist install an implant or a bridge right now, you can replace the tooth yourself. Youll have to have one tooth on each side of the missing tooth for this procedure to work. If thats the case, you can replace your missing tooth in less than an hour. This is not to suggest that you can or should be your own dentist in all situations, or that a replacement tooth made by you will last as long as one made by Read more [...] ...
The med ma have indeed played its role because with our baby teeth we have our permanent teeth developing just under them and whatever that med was must have disrupted the tooth formation and mineralization balance. It would be interesting to find out the exact name of the med and research some current literature on it and see if it is still used. There many teeth that have side-effects in the mouth and on teeth but physicians rarely mention those side-effects ...
A dental bridge is a way of replacing one or more missing teeth by permanently fixing the replacement tooth to one or more of your own standing teeth. As with most things, theres more than one way of doing this and each comes with its own pros...
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N. C. KANSIL & SONS - Manufacturer,Supplier and Exporter of Human Teeth Chart at most reasonable prices. We export good quality product across the world. Inquire us now for more details about Human Teeth Chart and best price. We are operating from Delhi,India.
J:112545 Wang XP, Aberg T, James MJ, Levanon D, Groner Y, Thesleff I, Runx2 (Cbfa1) inhibits Shh signaling in the lower but not upper molars of mouse embryos and prevents the budding of putative successional teeth. J Dent Res. 2005 Feb;84(2):138-43 ...
Tooth development or odontogenesis is the complex process by which tooth form from embryonic cells,grow, and erupt into the mouth. For human teeth to have a healthy oral environment, all parts of the tooth must develop during appropriate stages of fetal development. Primary (baby) teeth start to form between the sixth and eighth week of prenatal development, and permanent teeth begin to form in the twentieth week. If teeth do not start to develop at or near these times, they will not develop at all, resulting in Hypodontia or Anodontia.. Tooth development is commonly divided into the following stages: the initiation stage, the bud stage, the cap stage, the bell stage, and finally maturation.. Initiation Stage. One of the earliest signs in the formation of a tooth that can be seen microscopically is the distinction between the vestibular lamina and the dental lamina. The dental lamina connects the developing tooth bud to the epithelial layer of the mouth for a significant time. This is regarded ...
Pituitary adenylate cyclase activating polypeptide (PACAP) is a pleiotropic neuropeptide with widespread distribution. It plays pivotal role in neuronal development. PACAP-immunoreactive fibers have been found in the tooth pulp, and recently, it has been shown that PACAP may also play a role in the regeneration of the periodontium after luxation injuries. However, there is no data about the effect of endogenous PACAP on tooth development. Ectodermal organogenesis including tooth development is regulated by different members of bone morphogenetic protein (BMP), fibroblast growth factor (FGF), hedgehog (HH), and Wnt families. There is also a growing evidence to support the hypothesis that PACAP interacts with sonic hedgehog (SHH) receptor (PTCH1) and its downstream target (Gli1) suggesting its role in tooth development. Therefore, our aim was to study molar tooth development in mice lacking endogenous PACAP. In this study morphometric, immunohistochemical and structural comparison of molar teeth ...
Whatever the reason, many folks are turned away from the idea of braces. They pin their hopes on the imagined chance that their childrens teeth will gradually and naturally straight out.. Is there any basis for this reasoning?. Normal Tooth Spacing is Age-Dependent. As the adult take over the places baby teeth once rested in, things get a little messy!. Permanent teeth grow in as the jaw expands. Some adult teeth come in before the baby teeth are out of the way. All of this change leads to some overlapping and big gaps.. For instance, the bottom front teeth often erupt towards the tongue. This can be a little alarming, but these teeth actually should straighten out on their own.. If most teeth can naturally even out, at what point are braces necessary?. Early Ortho Evaluations Save Smiles!. Its a good idea for kids to visit an orthodontist by around the age of 7. This is a great time for the dentist to see how tooth development is progressing and anticipate how severe problems can be. At this ...
Pitx2, Wnt/-catenin signaling, and microRNAs (miRs) play a critical part in the control of teeth control cells during embryonic advancement. well mainly because ameloblast particular elements. The mixture of Pitx2, a regulator of dental care come cells and changes mesenchymal cells to a completely differentiated dental care epithelial cell type. This path and reprogramming can become utilized to reprogram mesenchymal or dental epithelial cells to dental care epithelial (ameloblast) cells, which can become utilized in cells restoration and regeneration research. development of locks follicles, feather pals, mammary placodes, flavor pals, and tooth (4, 11,C17). Wnt/-catenin signaling is definitely needed for multiple phases of teeth advancement and dental care epithelial cell expansion and difference (14). The Lef-1 transcription element manages genetics included in cell expansion and Dihydromyricetin supplier difference. insufficiency causes caught teeth advancement at the bud stage in rodents, ...
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Reduce rotating weight from your drivetrain with an Edit hard coated 48-pitch (48DP) aluminium pinion gear. Long wear and lifetime from the hard coating. This 16-tooth pinion gear weighs just 0.9g, 76% lighter than a standard pinion gear! Includes an M3 grub screw for attaching to your motor, plus a small Edit logo decal sheet for customizing your bodyshell and gear. Get a complete set of Edit Hard Coated Pinion Gears! #ED200150 15-Tooth Hard Coated 48DP Pinion #ED200160 16-Tooth Hard Coated 48DP Pinion #ED200170 17-Tooth Hard Coated 48DP Pinion #ED200180 18-Tooth Hard Coated 48DP Pinion #ED200190 19-Tooth Hard Coated 48DP Pinion #ED200200 20-Tooth Hard Coated 48DP Pinion #ED200210 21-Tooth Hard Coated 48DP Pinion #ED200220 22-Tooth Hard Coated 48DP Pinion #ED200230 23-Tooth Hard Coated 48DP Pinion #ED200240 24-Tooth Hard Coated 48DP Pinion #ED200250 25-Tooth Hard Coated 48DP Pinion #ED200260 26-Tooth Hard Coated 48DP Pinion #ED200270 27-Tooth Hard Coated 48DP Pinion #ED200280 28-Tooth Hard ...
Like many other organs, the tooth develops as a result of the epithelial-mesenchymal interactions. In addition, the tooth is a well-defined peripheral target organ for sensory trigeminal nerves, which are required for the function and protection of the teeth. Dental trigeminal axon growth and patter …
ICD-9 code 520.9 for Unspecified disorder of tooth development and eruption is a medical classification as listed by WHO under the range - DISEASES OF
A dental implant is a tooth restoration for people who are missing one or more teeth as a result of injury, periodontal disease, or any other reason. A dental implant is a metal post that the dentist surgically positions into the jaw to replace the root of the lost tooth. Once in place and the bone surrounding the implant has had time to heal, a crown, which serves as a replacement tooth is attached to the implant post. While implants are typically more expensive than other methods of tooth replacement, they provide superior benefits. Implants are stronger than natural teeth and generally last 10-20 years. They are also a more favorable approach than bridgework since they do not depend on neighboring teeth for support. This means they do not weaken the remaining teeth the way a bridge can. Implants effectively keep a one tooth problem a one tooth problem, rather than involving additional teeth the way a bridge does. To receive implants, you need to have healthy gums and adequate bone to support ...
For the study, the researchers first used chemicals to entice the cultured iPSCs into flat sheets of epithelial cells. Next, they combined these cells with mouse embryonic mesenchymal cells, and then transplanted them into mice. After three weeks, structures had grown that physically resembled human teeth. They also had the same elasticity as human teeth and contained pulp, dentin and enamel-forming cells.. This breakthrough offers new hope for the future of regenerative medicine. By the same token, the technique used to generate human teeth-like structures involves mouse cells, and has a success rate of only 30 percent. Moreover, the structures are approximately only one-third as hard as human teeth. Accordingly, the researchers says human mesenchymal stem cells could be substituted for mouse cells, and the tissue culture conditions tweaked in order to resolve the problem. By doing this, it could theoretically result in the creation of a bioengineered tooth bud that has been cultured in a jar ...
Do your teeth reflect your health? The world famous dentist Weston A. Price believed this to be true.. Price pioneered the belief that nutrition directly affects our teeth. Even in the early 1900s, he believed that our modern-day diet of processed and refined food directly affected the health of our teeth. So, Dr. Price made it his mission to find out what our teeth really needed to stay healthy and cavity free.. After examining the teeth of many native tribes around the world (all of which had remarkable teeth-without even brushing), Dr. Price created a diet to prevent and treat dental decay.. Using this nutritional approach, Dr. Price was able to prevent over 95% of cavities.?Once the diet was followed correctly and for an adequate amount of time, he saw cavities actually heal themselves. This may seem crazy, but if bones can heal themselves after a fracture or break, a tooth can heal, too. We can literally remineralize our teeth so that holes from cavities can fill in!. Dr. Prices dietary ...
Fixed Bridges and Bridgework replace missing teeth by bridging across the gap using teeth either side to fix-in a replacement tooth or teeth.
Crowns are restorations that replace the visible structure of a damaged tooth. A bridge is a replacement tooth anchored by crowns or existing teeth. Call!
How many teeth have you lost? In Britain the tooth fairy takes your tooth away and leaves a coin. Is there a tooth fairy in your country? Remember, we say one tooth and two teeth!
Question - Had a permanent filling in molar tooth, painful. Suggested RCT. What is going on?. Ask a Doctor about when and why X ray is advised, Ask a Dentist
Professional quality Molar Tooth images and pictures at very affordable prices. With over 20 million stunning photos to choose from we ve got what you need!
Professional quality Molar Tooth images and pictures at very affordable prices. With over 20 million stunning photos to choose from we ve got what you need! - Page 2
You dont need to mortgage the house to be able to afford a car with the latest bells and whistles. Instead of splurging for a new set of wheels, build on what you already have. With the addition of a few choice accessories, your ride will be safer, more convenient, and yes, more fun, than ever before. Read on to see our favorite picks for a better car.
Stutts and Carpenter, DDS, located in Greensboro, NC, offer dental implants as a foundation for replacement teeth that look, feel and function like natural teeth.
Teething can be an uncomfortable time for some babies. As the teeth begin to emerge, they can cause the gums to become swollen and sore. This can lead to other problems such as irritability, an inability to sleep and an unwillingness to eat food because of the pain.. Of course, teething can also be a difficult time for the parents too. Once those teeth start to appear, some babies want to bite down on everything they can get hold of - including mum and dads fingers a lot of the time!. As well as behaviour such as biting, it can simply be difficult for parents because they find it hard to soothe their babys hurting gums. Every baby teeths at a different time and it lasts for different periods. So there is no manual you can consult to make everything run smoothly!. Most babies develop their first teeth between the ages of four and seven months old. However, your child may not have a complete set of teeth until they reach the age of three. During this time, the bottom middle teeth usually appear ...
Free teeth - Kids Tooth Brushing Chart - Free Tooth Brushing Chart for Children. Teeth Whiten Tips - Polishes while Whitening, No strips or trays to wear, Removes plaque at the same time, Professional results at home.
Derek Thompson: You cant handle the Tooth! And thats the Tooth, the whole Tooth and nothing but the Tooth! I pledge allegiance to the Tooth ...
Scientists at the University of Duisburg-Essen (UDE) and the Max-Planck-Institut für Eisenforschung (MPIE) in Düsseldorf have analyzed the structure of shark teeth and human teeth. The results of this
Imagine a microscope with variable and nearly unlimited magnification (a few million can be considered unlimited for this purpose.) Then take a normal tooth, point this microscope at it and zoom in, zoom in more, and then some… [dailymotion][/dailymotion] It … Continue reading →. ...
Ok, so everybody wants to know, How can I make my teeth whiter? Well sometimes just getting your teeth cleaned professionally will make them whiter. But for most of us, we want to whiten our teeth and there are two options of whitening your teeth.
Lost a tooth, or first trip to the dentist? This adorable Collection is perfect for you. Complete with boy and girl tooth fairies, adorable personified teeth, and dental supplies, and fun tooth fairy boxes, envelopes or bags ...
Tooth bleaching It has been suggested that Tooth whitener be merged into this article or section. (Discuss)   Tooth bleaching, also known as tooth
How to Pull Out a Loose Tooth. All kids get loose teeth that fall out - its the bodys natural way of making room for adult teeth and starts around age six. Its best to let baby teeth fall out on their own if possible.http://www.mayocl...
MH, do you have any treatment recommendations for an abcess tooth? Any way to save the tooth? I understand these can be dangerous, even cause death if untreated. Thanks.` _Original_Message_ ﰩ MH, do you have any treatment recommendations for an abcess tooth? Any way to save the tooth? I understand these can be dangerous, even cause death if untreated. Thanks.
Grinding teeth while sleeping - How to Stop Grinding or Clenching Your Teeth When You Sleep.... Teeth Whiten Tips - Polishes while Whitening, No strips or trays to wear, Removes plaque at the same time, Professional results at home.
Articles from Gear Technology related to tooth flank modification, news items about tooth flank modification, and companies related to tooth flank modification from the buyers guide
Lady Gaga - Teeth Lyrics. Dont be scared, Ive done this before Show me your teeth Show me your teeth Show me your teeth Dont want no money (Want your money) That
When Josh Brolins agent suggested that the actors rotten molar tooth was keeping him from landing roles, Brolin initially refused to get the tooth pulled. Then, one day, he saw it in a mirror and changed his mind. This story presents several questions. Why would casting directors notice a rotting molar tooth? Why would his agent be aware of it? Why had he never looked at the tooth before? Just how rotten was this tooth? And, finally, why share this story with Mens Journal magazine ...
When Josh Brolins agent suggested that the actors rotten molar tooth was keeping him from landing roles, Brolin initially refused to get the tooth pulled. Then, one day, he saw it in a mirror and changed his mind. This story presents several questions. Why would casting directors notice a rotting molar tooth? Why would his agent be aware of it? Why had he never looked at the tooth before? Just how rotten was this tooth? And, finally, why share this story with Mens Journal magazine ...
A mother says she was shocked when she learned her baby was born with two front teeth. Samantha Lines, 29, of Rugby, Warwickshire, England, called it a complete surprise when she found out her baby, Ella-Rose, was born with two fully formed teeth, the Daily Mail reported. While most babies start teething after six months, Ella-Rose was born with two tiny white lower incisors. Lines admitted her babys teeth made her nervous about breastfeeding.
Define tooth: one of the hard bony appendages that are borne on the jaws or in many of the lower vertebrates on other bones in … - tooth in a sentence
A babys first tooth usually appears between 5 and 7 months of age. Often, the two middle bottom teeth come through the gums first, followed by the middle four upper teeth. We are .... ...
Do you have crooked teeth? Here are some tips on how to take care of your teeth and how to correct crooked teeth to boost your confidence!
Take care of your teeth by being careful of what foods come into contact with your teeth. Read on to read about the link between nutrition and your teeth.
Your untreated abscessed tooth may lead to more dangerous infections. Heres why you should deal with tooth abscess immediately.
Read our reviews to discover the 5 best Teeth Whitener in 2016. Also read the benefits of using Teeth Whitener and How to Choose the Best teeth whitener.
Show me your teeth - teeth set for male and female sims from teen to elder. All LODs, new diffuse map with white teeth. 8 variations. Found in TSR Category Sims 4 Female Skin Details
Brushing your pets teeth - Brushing your pets teeth is essential to their overall health. Have you ever wonder how to brush their teeth or if you are brushing them correctly? Here
Brushing our teeth twice a day is essential for maintaining fresh breath and sparkling teeth. Read and check some mistakes you do while brushing your teeth.
My daughter fell this afternoon and had some slight bleeding on two of her top teeth. She is 3 so they are baby teeth. - Answered by a verified Dentist
I know this is rare, but my brother has three sets of teeth. Hes had two teeth pulled so far and has grown a new tooth. We have the same parents, my question is what is the possibility that I may have...
A computer is used to create a plan for repositioning an orthodontic patients teeth. The computer receives a digital data set representing the patients teeth and uses the data sets to generate one or more orthodontic views of the patients teeth.
... a sequlae of trauma to developing tooth germ". Journal of Indian Society of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry. 26 Suppl 3: ... Developmental defects in enamel that affect tooth appearance in the esthetic zone (i.e. upper front teeth) may cause ... It can be identified as missing tooth structure and may manifest as pits or grooves in the crown of the affected teeth, and in ... Turner's hypoplasia or Turner's tooth is a presentation of enamel hypoplasia that normally affects only a single tooth. Its ...
Each epithelial swelling and the surrounding mesenchymal cells form a tooth germ. Tooth germs are the primitive structure of ... Ameloblast Tooth Tooth development Tooth enamel Antonio N (2017-10-13). Ten Cate's oral histology: development, structure, and ... These ameloblasts will move down to the enamel surface of the tooth and the shape of the crown and tooth is then established. ... Each dental arch will have 10 tooth buds, accounting for 20 primary teeth. The cap stage occurs in week 9-10 i.u. Unequal ...
"Ameloblastin expression in rat incisors and human tooth germs". The International Journal of Developmental Biology. 40 (6): ... Ameloblastin is a specific protein found in tooth enamel. Although less than 5% of enamel consists of protein, ameloblastins ... Pandya M, Diekwisch TG (December 2021). "Amelogenesis: Transformation of a protein-mineral matrix into tooth enamel". Journal ... is believed to be in controlling the elongation of enamel crystals and generally directing enamel mineralization during tooth ...
FGF-10 helps to stimulate epithelial cell proliferation, in order make larger tooth germs. Mammalian teeth develop from ... FGF-9 is an important factor during the initiation of tooth germ development. The rate of epithelial invagination in ... This creates a uniform embryo composed of the three germ layers in their respective positions. Once the three germ layers have ... The ectoderm is one of the three primary germ layers formed in early embryonic development. It is the outermost layer, and is ...
Karlsen, K. (1962). "Development of tooth germs and adjacent structures in the whalebone whale (Balaenoptera physalus)". ... The toothed whales (parvorder Odontoceti), as the name suggests, are characterized by having teeth (rather than baleen). ... two or more fused cervical vertebrae and 20 or more pairs of teeth in their upper jaws. None is more than 4 m long. This family ... and it has no teeth on the upper jaw. The Platanistidae were originally thought to hold only one species (the South Asian river ...
The tooth germ is an aggregation of cells that eventually forms a tooth. These cells are derived from the ectoderm of the first ... As a general rule, four teeth erupt for every six months of life, mandibular teeth erupt before maxillary teeth, and teeth ... Keratin is also present in epithelial cells of tooth germ and a thin film of keratin is present on a recently erupted tooth ( ... As a tooth is forming, a force can move the tooth from its original position, leaving the rest of the tooth to form at an ...
Brushing one's teeth is also essential for hygiene and is a part of washing. 'Washing' can also refer to the washing of ... Hand washing is important in reducing the spread of germs. Also common is washing the face, which is done after waking up, or ...
"Expression survey of genes critical for tooth development in the human embryonic tooth germ". Developmental Dynamics. 236 (5): ... However, the remaining teeth of H. floresiensis show similarities to the bigger tooth sizes of the earlier genera ... While the form of the teeth themselves is not affected by post-canine megadontia, the ratio of molar teeth volume to total ... with average post-canine tooth area ranging from approximately 460mm2 and going all the way up to the largest tooth area, ...
Deciduous teeth are not replanted due to the risk of damaging the permanent tooth germ. Immediate replantation is considered ... Management of injured primary teeth differs from management of permanent teeth; avulsed primary tooth should not be re-planted ... When a tooth is knocked out, this ligament is stretched and splits in half, half stays on the tooth root and half stays on the ... When a tooth is picked up, it should always be grasped by the enamel on the crown. Finger pressure on the tooth root cells will ...
The pulp has a background similar to that of dentin because both are derived from the dental papilla of the tooth germ. During ... A tooth that does not respond at all to sensitivity testing may have become necrotic. In a healthy tooth, enamel and dentin ... Together the epithelial enamel organ and ectomesenchymal dental papilla and follicle form the tooth germ. The dental papilla is ... There are 4 main stages of tooth development: Bud stage Cap stage Bell stage Crown stage The first sign of tooth development is ...
Teeth are another example of the abiotic environmental factors involved in oral ecology. Bacteria settle on the tooth surface ... Black GV (1884). The Formation of Poisons by Microorganisms: A Biological Study of the Germ Theory of Disease. Philadelphia, PA ... While teeth provide stability to the microbial community, the overgrowth of bacteria is known to result in tooth decay ... which proposed that tooth decay is initiated by bacterial acid production on the surface of teeth. This theory is considered to ...
Get the New Ipana-it's dandy for your teeth!" Mr. Decay Germ, stylized as D.K. Germ, was the villain in the Ipana toothpaste ... Decay Germ, stay away from me. I'm sick and tired of cavities. Go bother someone else now." Stan Drake, artist of the newspaper ... ads at that time proudly proclaimed that this ingredient made Ipana superior to competitive toothpaste brands in germ-killing ...
Fused teeth arise through union of two normally separated tooth germs, and depending upon the stage of development of the teeth ... However, fusion can also be the union of a normal tooth bud to a supernumerary tooth germ. In these cases, the number of teeth ... Restore teeth with crown. Root canal treatment then surgically divide the tooth into two teeth. If the tooth is not suitable ... that caused damage to the developing tooth germ The phenomenon of gemination arises when two teeth develop from one tooth bud ...
"TOOTH GERM: Hall Crowns: Top 10 Tips". Kindelan, S. A.; Day, P.; Nichol, R.; Willmott, N.; Fayle, S. A. (2008-11-01). "UK ... Baby teeth are known as primary teeth or deciduous teeth. Biologically orientated strategies for managing dental decay are ... Some children respond better to the idea of the crown being a "Terminator tooth", "Iron Man tooth", shiny helmet tooth or a ... The tooth will still be able to exfoliate naturally, and the tooth should exfoliate with the crown in place. However, if the ...
miR-720 is upregulated in myelodysplastic syndromes, in molar tooth germ in newborn mice following anti-miR-214 injection and ... "Effects of in vivo transfection with anti-miR-214 on gene expression in murine molar tooth germ". Physiol Genomics. 43 (9): 488 ...
However, fusion can also be the union of a normal tooth bud to a supernumerary tooth germ. In these cases, the number of teeth ... Tooth gemination, in contrast to fusion, arises when two teeth develop from one tooth bud. When the anomalous tooth appears to ... Tooth fusion arises through union of two normally separated tooth germs, and depending upon the stage of development of the ... v t e (Articles with short description, Short description is different from Wikidata, Teeth, Tooth development, Acquired tooth ...
Brushing one's teeth is also essential for hygiene and is a part of washing. 'Washing' can also refer to the washing of ... Hand washing is important in reducing the spread of germs. Also common is washing the face, which is done after waking up, or ... Z. Wahrman, Miryam (2016). The Hand Book: Surviving in a Germ-Filled World. University Press of New England. pp. 46-48. ISBN ...
The tooth bud (sometimes called the tooth germ) is an aggregation of cells that eventually forms a tooth. It is organized into ... "primary teeth", "baby teeth", or "milk teeth", normally eventually contains 20 teeth. Primary teeth typically start to appear ... Tooth eruption in humans is a process in tooth development in which the teeth enter the mouth and become visible. Current ... Dens invaginatus, also called Dens in dente, is a deep invagination in a tooth causing the appearance of a tooth within a tooth ...
"Immunohistochemical examination for the distribution of podoplanin-expressing cells in developing mouse molar tooth germs". ... in human squamous cell carcinomas and germ cell tumors". The American Journal of Pathology. 166 (3): 913-21. doi:10.1016/S0002- ... "Podoplanin expression in primary central nervous system germ cell tumors: a useful histological marker for the diagnosis of ...
Germ (Plant Beast): appears in episode 4. Powers include extensible tentacles and emitting massive amounts of carbon dioxide. ... Marmiga (Shark Beast): appears in episode 5. Powers include fast swimming, sharp teeth, a powerful tail, and mouth tentacles. ...
No doubt Caraka conceived the germ theory of the causation of diseases, but he rejected the idea that germs are the only ... He gave 360 as the total number of bones, including teeth, present in the human body. He was right when he considered heart to ... Although he was aware of germs in the body, he did not give them primary importance. Charaka studied the anatomy of the human ... and various germs may grow in the body only when they get such a congenial environment. Both for metabolic diseases and ...
Using a toothbrush and dental floss, the player must keep the teeth clean while avoiding contact with the Plaque Germ, known as ... The brush needs tooth paste to work so the player must apply tooth paste. Floss is used for the space between teeth. If the ... Eventually the tooth will disappear, reflecting tooth loss. If a tooth is completely cleaned, a brief musical score will play ... and the teeth will change colors repeatedly. If the player comes into contact with D.K. at this time, the Plaque Germ will ...
An odontoclast (/odon·to·clast/; o-don´to-klast) is an osteoclast associated with absorption of the roots of deciduous teeth. ... List of human cell types derived from the germ layers Medical Histology by Laiq Hussain Siddiqui (6th Edition) "Odontoclast". ... An odontoclast (/odon·to·clast/; o-don´to-klast) is an osteoclast associated with absorption of the roots of deciduous teeth. ... RANKL knockout mice exhibit a phenotype of osteopetrosis and defects of tooth eruption, along with an absence or deficiency of ...
There are forty or more developed teeth in each row, besides ten or twelve undeveloped germs of teeth. The fully developed ... could not be discovered until the mass was boiled in caustic potash in the hope of finding some traces of teeth. The teeth are ... The tooth sac opens near the end of the proboscis, but being filled with coagulated mucus, and extremely reduced in size by ... The shaft is set in a chitinous yellow socket, which is extended on the back of the tooth so as to form a little hooked knob. ...
Medicine portal Tooth development Ameloblast Cementoblast List of human cell types derived from the germ layers Ten Cate's Oral ... The tooth is often able to be saved by a simple restoration. In contrast, reparative dentin is secreted when the tooth has a ... because both are originally derived from the dental papilla of the tooth germ. To aid in the secretion of intertubular and ... This is because of the retention of the odontoblasts within the tooth, along the outer pulpal wall. Odontoblasts also secrete ...
... and the Germs. Except for Negative Trend and the Germs, all bands on Tooth and Nail were co-produced by the Flesh Eaters ... The three Germs songs on Tooth and Nail are early versions of the best known tracks of the same titles featured on (GI), the ... Tooth and Nail was mastered by Larry Boden in May 1979 at MCA Whitney Recording Studios in Glendale, California. Featuring only ... Tooth and Nail is a seminal compilation album featuring six early Californian punk rock bands: the Controllers, the Flesh ...
The developmental disturbance of anodontia (or hypodontia, if only one tooth), in which tooth germs are congenitally absent, ... Proper development is impossible because the alveolar unit of each dental arch must form in response to the tooth germs in the ... Bony support to teeth adjacent to the cleft is a pre-requisite for orthodontic closure of the teeth in the cleft region. Hence ... that exists in the upper and lower portions of the jawbone and house the sockets of the teeth. As the rate of tooth loss in the ...
In Sudan, fish hooks and metal wires were used to remove deciduous tooth germs before an infant reached one month. In the Upper ... Tooth ablation (also known as tooth evulsion, dental evulsion and tooth extraction) is the deliberate removal of a person's ... Human tooth sharpening Teeth blackening Humphrey, Louise T.; Bocaege, Emmy (2008). "Tooth Evulsion in the Maghreb: ... In Indonesia, the teeth that are most commonly removed in such rituals are the incisors. The teeth to be removed are either ...
Some mice had a tooth extracted and the cells from bioengineered tooth germs were implanted into them and allowed to grow. The ... King's College London (March 10, 2020). "Teeth That Repair Themselves - Study Finds Success With Natural Tooth Repair Method". ... which requires further damage to be done to the teeth by drilling into them to prevent the loss of an entire tooth. Researchers ... A person's baby teeth are known to contain stem cells that can be used for regeneration of the dental pulp after a root canal ...
Estimation of postnatal survival of a new born from primary tooth germs". Journal of Forensic Dental Sciences. 3 (1): 8-13. doi ... The position of the neonatal line differs from tooth to tooth The formation of the neonatal line is caused by changes in the ... It belongs to a series of a growth lines in tooth enamel known as the Striae of Retzius denoting the prolonged rest period of ... Schour, Isaac (1936-10-01). "The Neonatal Line in the Enamel and Dentin of the Human Deciduous Teeth and First Permanent Molar ...
tooth decay)". Science News. March 23, 1991. Archived from the original on 2012-05-27 - via Highbeam. "Kapok seed oil - ... Cassia - Catechu extract - Celery salt - Celery seed - Wheat germ oil - used as a food supplement, and for its "grainy" flavor ... or because they have beneficial effects for diabetes mellitus and tooth decay. Thickeners Thickeners are substances which, when ...
mtDNA may be present in bones, teeth, or hair, which could be the only remains left in the case of severe degradation. In ... "The mitochondrial bottleneck occurs without reduction of mtDNA content in female mouse germ cells". Nature Genetics. 39 (3): ...
C. albicans and C. dubliniensis are also capable of forming germ tubes (incipient hyphae) and chlamydospores under the right ... with no natural teeth remaining). Some report that up to 65% of denture wearers have this condition to some degree. About 90% ...
... the bone and the permanent teeth replacements develop from the same tooth germs as the primary teeth. The primary teeth provide ... Old tooth, new tooth Pray God send me a new tooth Medicine portal Permanent teeth Human tooth development Tooth eruption Tooth ... Deciduous teeth or primary teeth, also informally known as baby teeth, milk teeth, or temporary teeth, are the first set of ... Tooth decay in primary teeth tends to progress quite quickly and often reaches the pulp of the tooth. In cases of extensive ...
He has extremely strong teeth that can leave teeth marks in seemingly anything and enjoys chasing postmen. His name comes from ... 1988: Rasher's strip ended, replaced by Ill Will and the Germs. 1990: Granny's personality was changed drastically. Now, rather ... the British slang for teeth (gnashers), which in turn comes from the French ganache meaning "jowl", a word also used in ...
gold, silver, and bronze "gold, God, and glory" good, bad, and indifferent the good, the bad, and the ugly Guns, Germs, and ... thick and thin thunder and lightning tits and ass to and fro tooth and nail touch and go track and field trial and error tuck ...
They lack wisdom teeth, and their brain layout seems to be relatively primitive. Their body temperature is unusually variable, ... Ross, C.N.; French, J.A.; Ortí, G. (2007). "Germ-line chimerism and paternal care in marmosets (Callithrix kuhlii)". Proc. Natl ...
This is because the root apex of an injured primary tooth lies near the tooth germ of the adult tooth. Therefore, a displaced ... tooth knocked loose) Luxation of the tooth (displaced) Extrusive Intrusive Lateral Avulsion of the tooth (tooth knocked out) ... If the tooth is dirty, wash it briefly (ten seconds) under cold running water but do not scrub the tooth. Place the tooth back ... If a tooth is avulsed, make sure it is a permanent tooth (primary teeth should not be replanted, and instead the injury site ...
The local Pyrenean is immune to the pyreneist germ. Through a severe and ironic critic, Bedraldi thus distinguish among these ... feet and teeth [...] Lionel Terray. The conquerors of the useless, page 13. The online "Trésor de la Langue Française" gives ...
This means that in progenesis, germ cell growth is accelerated relative to normal or in neoteny; while somatic cell growth is ... Their characteristics include gigantism, wider cheek and teeth, reduced litter size, and longer lifespan. Their relatives that ...
doi:10.1111/j.1745-459x.2004.080403.x. Abrahams, Marc (23 May 2006). "Crisp sounds: An experiment to get your teeth into". The ... or Pasteur's theory that germs cause disease. Sociology - Presented to Steve Penfold, of York University in Toronto, for doing ...
... if I had teeth I would grit them at this point"), Marvin's life story, and the (formerly thriving) economy of Sqornshellous ... wheat germ, barbecue sauce, and antidepressants, which can be obtained by sucking on different areas. The last two of these, he ...
His experiments supported the germ theory of disease. He was best known to the general public for inventing a method to treat ... pull a tooth, give some traditional herbs or brews or perform a little magic to cure what ailed them. Paracelsus (1493-1541). ... In 1881, Koch reported discovery of the "tubercle bacillus", cementing germ theory and Koch's acclaim. Upon the outbreak of a ... ISBN 978-0-485-24211-9. Markell Morantz R (1982). "Feminism, Professionalism and Germs: The Thought of Mary Putnam Jacobi and ...
Gregory, Angela (13 November 2008). "From tooth decay to body odour, professor claims bacteria can beat the bugs". The New ... A third product was later rolled in 2006, TravelGuard, suitable for travelers exposed to airborne germs. In September 2005, ... focused on fighting the bacteria associated with tooth decay and periodontal disease. The BLIS M18 (Streptococcis salivarius) ...
Teeth - Appeared in the episode "Wedding" in which he was the fake vicar for Chris the Ninja Pirate and Donkey's wedding, and ... Bubble Boy - An odd-looking boy who appeared in "Germs" and lived in a bouncing bubble. He died by flooding his bubble with his ... He refused to leave his bubble even while it was flooding because he was afraid of "the germs !! ") Luckily, he lived for a ... about a young man who was born without an immune system and has to live in a large plastic bubble to protect himself from germs ...
The mesoderm is one of the germ layers (a collection of cells that have the same embryological origin). As a result of this ... The mild form presents with just a gap between the upper teeth. The severe group presents with a complete cleft of the upper ... Orthognathic surgery engages in diagnosing and treating disorders of the face and teeth- and jaw position. Lenyoun EH, Lampert ...
The surface ectoderm develops into: epidermis, hair, nails, lens of the eye, sebaceous glands, cornea, tooth enamel, the ... A germ layer is a primary layer of cells that forms during embryonic development. The three germ layers in vertebrates are ... Hydractinia shows that germ layer formation that transpires as a mixed delamination. In mice, germ layer differentiation is ... produce two or three primary germ layers. Some animals, like cnidarians, produce two germ layers (the ectoderm and endoderm) ...
Twelve fox canine teeth surrounded his forehead, while twenty-five arm bands made of mammoth ivory were worn on his arms, and a ... In Before Adam by Jack London, the Cave People, who the book is told from the perspective of, have "no germs of religion, no ...
It is important to know that location of teeth is not taken into account in this analysis. The maxillary unit length is ... The lower contour of a molar germ The anterior contour of the zygomatic process Orthodontic technology Centre for Cancer ... on each other to see the amount of growth that has taken place in an individual or to visualize the amount of movement of teeth ...
... proposed the distinction between somatic cells and germ cells (arguing that chromosome number must be halved for germ cells, a ... a tooth, a claw, a leaflet) may entail variation of other parts. Hence many structures which are obvious to the eye, and serve ... The end of the 19th century saw the fall of spontaneous generation and the rise of the germ theory of disease, though the ... although it was recognised that they were largely due to a mixing of the matter that constituted the fertilized germ or embryo- ...
He liked to sing live, but he just hated the recording process, so it was like pulling teeth, but we finally got it done. And ... Everything about them was so over-the-top, and so energetic; the bands I'd seen before, like X and the Germs, they just paled ...
GI) - Germs". AllMusic. Retrieved October 4, 2016. "Germs: (GI)". Mojo. p. 105. [A] crisp, vicious 1979 classic of LA punk... ... s Tooth and Nail compilation in late 1978, the (GI) sessions took place in 1979 at Quad Teck recording studio in Los Angeles. ... Bloom, Madison (October 27, 2019). "Germs: (GI)". Pitchfork. Retrieved October 27, 2019. Geller, Debbie (1983). "The Germs". In ... In 2012, (GI) was reissued on CD with "Caught in My Eye" as a bonus track, after "Shut Down". After the Germs recorded for ...
KARS Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease type 1A; 118220; PMP22 Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease type 1B; 118200; MPZ Charcot-Marie-Tooth ... SCN1B Germ cell tumors; 273300; KIT Geroderma osteodysplasticum; 231070; SCYL1BP1 Gerstmann-Sträussler-Scheinker syndrome; ... EGR2 Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease type 1E; 118300; PMP22 Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease type 1F; 607734; NEFL Charcot-Marie-Tooth ... MFN2 Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease type 2B; 600882; RAB7 Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease type 2B1; 605588; LMNA Charcot-Marie-Tooth ...
Powers include body webs called the Spider Threads, remotely controlling his hands if severed, tooth venom, and a web net ... and toxic white mouth mist called the DARK Germ Gas. White Saw Shark: Appears in episode 22 and the Movie. Powers include ...
Diamond, Jared (1997). Guns, Germs, and Steel: A short history of everybody for the last 13,000 years. London: Chatto and ... Captive and domesticated animals often have smaller size, piebald color, shorter faces with smaller and fewer teeth, diminished ... reductions in tooth size, changes in craniofacial morphology, alterations in ear and tail form (e.g., floppy ears), more ... Germs, and Steel describes the universal tendency for populations that have acquired agriculture and domestic animals to ...
Analysis of teeth of the deceased allows researchers to further understand both the demographics and mortuary patterns of the ... Biddle W (2002). A Field Guide to Germs (2nd Anchor Books ed.). New York: Anchor Books. ISBN 978-1-4000-3051-4. OCLC 50154403. ... The bacteria is identified by ancient DNA in human teeth from Asia and Europe dating from 2,800 to 5,000 years ago. Some ...
Cementum Cementogenesis Tooth development Cementoblastoma Enamel List of human cell types derived from the germ layers Ten ... A cementoblast is a biological cell that forms from the follicular cells around the root of a tooth, and whose biological ... these cells can then produce cementum if the tooth is injured (see hypercementosis). ... function is cementogenesis, which is the formation of cementum (hard tissue that covers the tooth root). The mechanism of ...
... tooth cervix MeSH A14.549.167.900.710 - tooth crown MeSH A14.549.167.900.720 - tooth germ MeSH A14.549.167.900.720.250 - dental ... tooth, deciduous MeSH A14.549.167.860.700.500 - natal teeth MeSH A14.549.167.860.715 - tooth, unerupted MeSH A14.549.167.900 - ... tooth root MeSH A14.549.167.900.750.700 - tooth apex MeSH A14.549.336 - lip MeSH A14.549.336.505 - labial frenum MeSH A14.549. ... MeSH A14.521.125 - alveolar process MeSH A14.521.125.800 - tooth socket MeSH A14.521.320 - dental arch MeSH A14.521.632 - ...
The objective was to determine the effect of fetal tooth germ growth and development disturbance due to diabetic hyperglycemia ... Rat offspring right maxilla was taken and decalcified to observe tooth germ growth and development. Each tissue samples in ... Therefore, seems different of IGF-1 expression in inner enamel epithelium tooth germ between two groups. Rat offspring who born ... EFFECT OF HYPERGLICEMIA DURING PREGNANCY TO FETAL TOOTH GERM GROWTH AND DEVELOPMENT. ...
... and mineralization of their tooth germs. All tooth germs were identifiable with ultrasonography as early as the 13th week of ... To date, only a few studies have evaluated the histological relationship of human tooth germs identified by two-dimensional (2D ... In order to analyze whether two-dimensional ultrasonography of tooth germs may be successfully used for identifying genetic ... Of the 85 fetuses, 37 (43.5%) were randomly selected for tooth germ evaluation by routine histopathological analysis. Fetuses ...
Hypoxic tooth germs were recovered with 20% ONBs in the media, similar to the tooth germs incubated in a CO2 chamber (normoxic ... Hypoxic tooth germs were recovered with 20% ONBs in the media, similar to the tooth germs incubated in a CO2 chamber (normoxic ... Hypoxic tooth germs were recovered with 20% ONBs in the media, similar to the tooth germs incubated in a CO2 chamber (normoxic ... Hypoxic tooth germs were recovered with 20% ONBs in the media, similar to the tooth germs incubated in a CO2 chamber (normoxic ...
Rethinking a popular germ killer. Triclosan is an antibacterial agent thats been around for decades. Not only has it been used ... But what if you learned that your toothpaste was good for your teeth, but bad for your bones? That possibility has been raised ... Good for your teeth, bad for your bones? .image-wrapper img {width: 100%;}. ...
The tooth germs (#43, #44 and #45) were maintained. Only the teeth #74 and #75 were extracted. Suture of the region was ... It was observed in both cases a secondary reossification of the lesion and conservation of tooth germs, avoiding surgery and ... Another decisive factor to determine the extent and predictability of treatment was the presence of tooth germs and the teams ... Eisenbud et al advocated curettage or curettage plus peripheral osteotomy with maintenance of tooth germs for treatment of CGCG ...
Saraswathi TR, Prasanth T. Effect of mechanical trauma on the tooth germ of rat molar--a scanning electron microscope study. ... Effect of mechanical trauma on the tooth germ of rat molar--a scanning electron microscope study. ... Animals were sacrificed on the 42nd Postnatal day when the teeth came into functional occlusion. Teeth were evaluated ... Damage was less severe to the tooth subjected to trauma on the 10th postnatal day. ...
BK178 Loose Tooth Book Great photos and clear text will help children learn about loosing teeth. Andy loses a tooth ... BK145 A Tooth is Loose Book This is such a fun book about losing a tooth. Great comical characters show ... Be the first to review "Glo Germ Glo-Gel white" Cancel reply. You must be logged in to post a review. ... Effective method of showing children and staff how quickly and easily germs are spread in the classroom ...
Tooth Germ Autotransplantation With 24 Months of Follow-up: A Case Report. ... Tooth Germ Autotransplantation With 24 Months of Follow-up: A Case Report. ... After 24 months of follow-up, the donor tooth showed physiological mobility, absence of infection and ankylosis, positive pulp ... This case report describes a successful autotransplantation of an open-apex maxillary third molar germ to replace a hopeless ...
The mouth is home to millions of germs. In removing plaque and other soft debris from the teeth, toothbrushes become ... Do toothbrushes spread germs? The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention is unaware of any adverse health effects directly ... Toothbrushes can have germs on them even after rinsing that could raise the risk of infection, especially for people with ... Tooth brushing in group settings should always be supervised to ensure that toothbrushes are not shared and that they are ...
In situ expression of the mitochondral ATPase6 gene in the developing tooth germ of the mouse lower first molar.. Author Honda ... In situ expression of the mitochondral ATPase6 gene in the developing tooth germ of the mouse lower first molar. ...
A German university has developed an artificial tooth germ that is able to induce tooth growth and can be used as in vivo ... Artificial tooth germ of human stem cells. 28.2.2020 , Mezinárodní spolupráce. ...
Categories: Tooth Germ Image Types: Photo, Illustrations, Video, Color, Black&White, PublicDomain, CopyrightRestricted 4 images ...
Taking care of your childs gums and teeth every day helps prevent tooth decay and gum disease. It also helps make it a regular ... Teach children to brush their tongue to keep breath fresh and remove germs. ... Your babys teeth will start to come in between ages 6 to 14 months. Baby teeth can decay, so you should start cleaning them as ... Brush your childs teeth after breakfast and before bed.. *Brush in tiny circles on the gums and on the teeth. Brush for 2 ...
Believing in virus is like believing in santa and the tooth fairy. We must grow up and learn when we are being lied to. ... Germ Theory Versus Terrain: The Wrong Side Won the Day. Germ Theory Versus Terrain: The Wrong Side Won the Day. July 30, 2019. ... No germ theory = no coronavirus!!! I just discovered a new book written by a lovely couple who compiled 10 years of research ... Decided to research germ theory versus terrain theory Ive just somebody mentioned it in a non mask nh group. Im enjoying the ...
Cartoon germs, viruses, microbes and bacteria vector characters. cute germs with funny faces, colorful cells with teeth and ... Germs, viruses and bacteria cartoon characters with cute funny faces. smiling pathogen microbes or monsters with big eyes, ... bacteria germs microorganism virus cell , human health microbiology science and virus outbreaking concept. ...
... tooth germs, suggesting an active repression of Wnt signaling during morphogenesis and cytodifferentiation of a tooth, and ... tooth germs, suggesting an active repression of Wnt signaling during morphogenesis and cytodifferentiation of a tooth, and ... but no supernumerary teeth or accelerated tooth replacement. The failure so far to influence tooth replacement in the zebrafish ... but no supernumerary teeth or accelerated tooth replacement. The failure so far to influence tooth replacement in the zebrafish ...
These cysts can contain structures from one or more of the 3 primary embryonic germ layers: skin, hair, and teeth. ...
Whole grains cause tooth decay. In part because of their phytic acid level, in part because of toxins in the bran. ... Stone grinding leaves the germ completed fused with the flour. It is unclear how much this is germ oil would be retained in our ... "Ramiel, You (along with Weston Price) saved my teeth. Was supposed to get a root canal (which I had no money to pay for). Tooth ... "Not only is Cure Tooth Decay a practical guide to teach parents how to raise healthy children (with healthy teeth), it is also ...
Top Treat for Teeth: Gum "Sugar-free gum creates saliva to help clean out germs and sugar," says King. Orbit for Kids ... Taffy and caramel candies: Sticky, chewy candies get stuck in kids teeth. "The longer a food sticks to their teeth, the longer ...
Germ buildup and stomach disorders lead up to mouth ulcers which prevent them from brushing well. Dehydration is also seen as a ... Research confirms that children who grind their teeth are more likely to be withdrawn in school. The cause of stress could be ... Stress in children leads to dental conditions like "bruxism", otherwise called teeth grinding. ... major cause for teeth-grinding. Setting up reminders to give children water or remind them to drink it can be very effective. ...
Find out what causes tooth decay and how dentists handle it. ... Cavities are small holes in your teeth that need to be filled. ... But why would your tooth develop a hole? Blame plaque. Thats a sticky, slimy substance made up mostly of the germs that cause ... Though cavities can be repaired, try to avoid them by taking care of your teeth. Heres how:. *Brush your teeth with fluoride ... Floss your teeth once a day to remove plaque and food thats stuck between your teeth. ...
There are 32 teeth in average adults mouth. They are used to grab, tear, chew, and grind food. Teeth also affect the shape of ... They catch and kill germs that enter the body through the mouth. Tonsillitis is a fairly common infection of the tonsils. This ... Mouth: The mouth contains the teeth, tonsils, and tongue. ...
Strengthens teeth. Kills bad breath germs. Sodium fluoride 0.02%. Alcohol free. Learn more at www. ... Strengthens tooth enamel; remineralizes soft spots; helps prevent tooth decay; freshens breath. Sodium Chloride 0.02%. ... for 24-hour germ protection*. *Germs that cause plaque, gingivitis and bad breath. ... This daily oral rinse mouthwash kills 99.9% of bad breath germs with a less intense taste for a fresher and cleaner mouth than ...
It kills bad breath germs, helps prevent cavities, strengthens enamel, cleans teeth and gums, and freshens breath. *when added ... Crest Pro-Health Advanced Multi-Protection Mouthwash with Fluoride helps you have stronger teeth* for a healthier mouth. ...
The salt makes you salivate which helps kill germs and loosen bits between teeth. Rinse very well or tongue will feel dry. Ive ... This will not whiten teeth so for that I sometimes use baking soda mixed with peroxide and apply with a qtip, or sprinkle a ... Even today, baking soda remains in the lead ingredient for oxidizing stains and removing plaque without removing tooth enamel. ... A combination of baking soda and hydrogen peroxide lifts particles caught between teeth and kills bacteria. ...
Read latest Teeth articles, watch Teeth videos and much more at NDTV Food ... 6 Foods One Should Have For Healthy, Germ-Free Teeth. You can use this healthy foods list to enhance your diet and the health ... Top 5 Teeth Whitening Home Remedies. Do you want to get rid of yellow teeth? Here are Incredible teeth whitening natural ... Your Babys Teeth Can Predict the Risk of Autism?. There is growing excitement about the potential of baby teeth as a rich ...
Dermoid cyst. Also called a teratoma, this cyst forms from reproductive cells that make eggs in the ovary (germ cells). The ... cyst can contain tissue, such as hair, skin or teeth. This type of cyst is rarely cancer. ...
"Germs" are usually understood to be bacteria, and bacteria were the first germs to be discovered. Viruses were trickier, since ... The guy who invented a microscope and said he saw "animalcules" swimming around in semen and tooth plaque was ridiculed. ... Finally, Louis Pasteurs work in the 1860s started to change enough minds that germ theory became a thing. Diseases started to ...
It has a good flavor and makes you feel refreshed after brushing your teeth. It takes away germs and keeps your teeth clean and ... I am proud to say that my kids have never had a cavity and work done on their teeth before. I know some kids their age who have ... I really have noticed an improvement in my teeth. They seem to be a little bit whiter and they definitely seem clean and fresh ... It leaves a minty taste in my mouth and makes my teeth feel clean. Crest is the number one brand recommended by dentist. Crest ...
Bacteria can form biofilms on most surfaces including teeth, heart valves, and the respiratory tract. ... The mouth is one of the "dirtiest" parts of the body, home to millions of germs. But puffing cigarettes can increase the ... Tobacco Smoke Makes Germs More Resilient. Researcher explores microbiological mechanisms as World Health Organization urges for ...
  • Though cavities can be repaired, try to avoid them by taking care of your teeth. (
  • Crest protects your teeth from cavities by help fighting against tartar buildup. (
  • So I honestly believe that crest toothpaste really works at protecting your teeth from cavities. (
  • Rinsing the mouth with warm salt water helps to loosen debris lodged in cavities or between teeth. (
  • Most adults lose their teeth due to gum disease rather than cavities or just normal aging. (
  • The peroxide kills germs that lead to bacteria and cavities. (
  • The mouth is also full of different kinds of germs, and these microorganisms can develop and also cause tooth cavities if not cared for correctly. (
  • This is what makes it an excellent protection against cavities in the teeth. (
  • Aloe vera keeps your mouth fresh and prevents any kind of bacterial attack that can cause tooth cavities. (
  • In the 1960s, dental sealants were presented to shield irreversible teeth from tooth cavities. (
  • Adults over 35 lose more teeth to gum diseases (periodontal disease) than from cavities. (
  • The best way to prevent cavities and periodontal disease is by good tooth brushing and flossing techniques, performed daily. (
  • Maintaining proper oral hygiene plays a vital role in keeping tooth problems such as plaque, cavities, tartar and tooth decay away. (
  • Untreated cavities are the most common origin of the problem because the same bacteria that destroy the hard tissues of the tooth reach the pulp, the deepest area of the tooth. (
  • These include, but are not limited to, sealing tubules to decrease tooth sensitivity, prepping for composite compound fillings and detecting cavities. (
  • According to the CDC , "Dental sealants are thin coatings that when painted on the chewing surfaces of the back teeth (molars) can prevent cavities (tooth decay) for many years. (
  • Sealants protect the chewing surfaces from cavities by covering them with a protective shield that blocks out germs and food. (
  • The major reason for failings in tooth reconstructions, secondary cavities or degeneration at the remediation margins. (
  • While many patients think of cavities, many dentists tend to call the condition tooth decay. (
  • In addition to preventing cavities, flossing helps keep gums healthy by reaching food that tooth brushing alone can't reach. (
  • Use Only Water In Sippy Cups Or Increase Cavity Risk Click here to read this press release in Spanish (PDF, 66 KB) Most parents are well aware of the importance of taking care of their children's teeth, so it comes as a shock when they learn their toddlers have cavities during a checkup. (
  • Germs, viruses and bacteria cartoon characters with cute funny faces. (
  • Cartoon germs, viruses, microbes and bacteria vector characters. (
  • The longer a food sticks to their teeth, the longer bacteria can feed on it," says Timothy Chase, D.M.D. If your tot must eat these, save them for home (not the lunch box), so he can brush and floss right after. (
  • The bacteria in your mouth make acids and when plaque clings to your teeth, the acids can eat away at the outermost layer of the tooth, called the enamel (say: ih-NA-mul). (
  • A combination of baking soda and hydrogen peroxide lifts particles caught between teeth and kills bacteria. (
  • Bacteria can form biofilms on most surfaces including teeth, heart valves, and the respiratory tract. (
  • This is the magic light which activates the Teeth Whitening Gel and makes your smile look so dazzling - not to mention, clean from bacteria. (
  • Researchers have discovered that when a person is younger, they have a multitude of what is called naïve cells that help prevent illness to a greater degree.As one ages, the cells die, making it harder to fight off germs and bacteria that can cause the common cold or flu. (
  • You probably do a great job brushing all the food, plaque, and bacteria off your teeth . (
  • A root canal is a dental procedure to save a tooth by removing dead or dying nerve tissue and bacteria from inside a tooth. (
  • Bacteria may find its way into your gums or teeth. (
  • Foods that are high in sugar and/or carbs will promote bacteria growth on teeth. (
  • Your mouth is full of bacteria, and unhealthy treats add to already present germs. (
  • If allowed to grow, this bacteria can harden on teeth forming plaque. (
  • However, it is mainly caused by the bacteria found in dental plaque , a sticky colorless film that constantly forms on your teeth. (
  • Gum disease is caused by the growth of germs called bacteria on the teeth and gums. (
  • When preparing for a filling, the cavity needs to be cleaned and all the germs and bacteria in it killed. (
  • In cavity detection, laser dentistry is utilized to detect the byproducts of the actual decay that is caused by the presence of bacteria on the surface of the teeth. (
  • Other applications in which laser dentistry can be used are the removal of tumors located in the oral cavity, kill the bacteria in cold sores and improve healing time, teeth whitening, safe viewing of the teeth and gums in real time, correct sleep apnea and many other procedures. (
  • They work by creating a barrier that prevents food and bacteria from coming into contact with the tooth enamel. (
  • You must make sure you're moving in circular motions across the whole of the tooth to cleanse your tooth of plaque and bacteria. (
  • If a crack in a tooth is left alone, bacteria can invade the soft inner tissues, causing an infection and necessitating a root canal . (
  • Some bacteria release toxins that attack the connective tissues between your gums and teeth, creating pockets for more germs to gather as the tissue pulls away. (
  • Tartar and plaque on the tooth surfaces can harbor bacteria, allowing for the development of Gingivitis. (
  • Dental caries suggests that the mineral material in the tooth has been dissolved by the organic acids secreted by bacteria residing in biofilms or plaques on the tooth surface. (
  • The alkaline pH restrictions acid manufacturing by tooth bacteria. (
  • Consisting primarily of bacteria, the plaque consumes the sugars left on and between your teeth after meals. (
  • The acid from the plaque slowly destroys the enamel - the hard surface of your teeth - allowing acid and bacteria to reach the softer, less protected parts of your teeth, where decay and infection accelerates. (
  • Rat offspring who born from diabetic mother showed lower body weight which is statistically significant, histologically delayed of enamel matrix formation, delayed of tooth development stages, and reduced in tooth size compared to control group. (
  • Therefore, seems different of IGF-1 expression in inner enamel epithelium tooth germ between two groups. (
  • If you don't go to the dentist , the acids can continue to make their way through the enamel, and the inside parts of your tooth can begin to decay. (
  • Even today, baking soda remains in the lead ingredient for oxidizing stains and removing plaque without removing tooth enamel. (
  • The abrasiveness of toothpaste can help polish teeth, but too much abrasion will wear away the enamel and especially the root. (
  • In time, they may actually cause yellowing of the teeth by wearing down the enamel. (
  • Caries is one of the most prevalent diseases worldwide, which is caused by the degradation of the tooth enamel surface. (
  • Colonization of teeth by C. albicans starts with the initial adhesion of individual yeast cells to the tooth enamel surface. (
  • Because baking soda is lightly abrasive, some people worry that it can harm the enamel of your teeth. (
  • Scanning electron microscopy revealed that the tooth enamel formation in V3KO, V4KO mice was insufficient compared with that in WT. (
  • The permanent teeth have not yet erupted and the deciduous teeth are small and have enamel hypoplasia. (
  • The tubules are found in the outer enamel but the sensitivity goes from the outer layer to the root of the tooth. (
  • This is because sugar gets converted to acid in the mouth which then erodes tooth enamel. (
  • It can also strip away your teeth's protective layer of enamel, leaving them vulnerable to cavity-causing tooth decay. (
  • The enamel on your teeth is the hardest substance in your body. (
  • In fact, one of the best ways to keep it healthy is right in your kitchen - fluoridated tap water helps strengthen weak areas of enamel on your teeth. (
  • But what if you learned that your toothpaste was good for your teeth, but bad for your bones? (
  • Brush your teeth with fluoride toothpaste after every meal or at least twice a day. (
  • I never see myself switching from this brand of toothpaste because I feel like their products just keep getting better and more beneficial to my teeth. (
  • I think Crest is the number one maker of toothpaste and teeth related products and it is definitely the only brand for me! (
  • Adults and children 6 years of age and older: Use twice a day after brushing your teeth with a toothpaste. (
  • Combine GO SMILE Professional Teeth Whitening Gel and your favorite toothpaste whenever you brush for a smile that really sparkles! (
  • Add equal amounts of Teeth Whitening Gel and Luxury Mint Toothpaste, or your favorite toothpaste, to your Sonic Pro toothbrush. (
  • If you stain your teeth with smoke or tea, then a toothpaste may help reduce the staining. (
  • It can also be added to toothpaste or rubbed directly on the teeth. (
  • Some humans can also brush their tooth twice per day however don't use a precise toothpaste. (
  • You should additionally suppose of making use of whitening toothpaste, which can assist to remove any stains or discolorations which are on your very own teeth. (
  • They may recommend a medicated toothpaste or mouth rinse made especially for sensitive teeth. (
  • Toothpaste formulation with antibacterial power, fights germs and keeps your gums healthy and teeth strong. (
  • Brush your teeth 2 times a day, in the morning and before bedtime, with a fluoride toothpaste. (
  • One common reason our teeth, gum tissues, and also mouth are losing their hygiene and also health each day is our regular use of chemical-filled toothpaste, mouth wash, as well as various other dental treatment products. (
  • Brushing your teeth regularly is important, but using the right toothpaste is something to keep in mind as well. (
  • Replace your regular tooth paste with this Colgate Optic White Express toothpaste as well as you will certainly never recall. (
  • This Optic White toothpaste has two times of the teeth bleaching power of normal tooth paste, but don't allow its power turn you off. (
  • This toothpaste contains one of the most well-recommended representative for bleaching teeth by dentists, hydrogen peroxide. (
  • Parents and caregivers should reinforce home care habits that include brushing teeth twice a day with a fluoride toothpaste, cleaning between teeth daily, limiting starchy and sugary foods and drinks, and going to the dentist regularly. (
  • Eleven children (55%) brush their teeth three times a day, but only three children (15%) swallow toothpaste. (
  • Himalaya Complete Care Toothpaste, is an advanced herbal formulation that not only protects from germs but also has antioxidants that help protect teeth against free radicals and help maintain gums in good health. (
  • Floss your teeth once a day to remove plaque and food that's stuck between your teeth. (
  • Accepted by the American Dental Association (ADA), this bad breath mouthwash kills 99.9% of germs that cause bad breath, plaque, and gingivitis for a fresher and cleaner mouth than brushing alone. (
  • Clinically shown to reduce 52 percent more plaque and 21 percent more gingivitis than brushing and flossing alone, this refreshing germ killing oral rinse provides a deep clean that cares for your whole mouth. (
  • It is a gum infection caused by bacterial plaque that destroys the supporting structures, which hold your teeth in your mouth. (
  • Plaque is a sticky colony of germs that constantly forms on your tooth's surfaces. (
  • Kills the germs that cause bad breath, plaque and gingivitis. (
  • It additionally can reduce plaque as well as ultimately prevent tooth decay, which implies that users have a greater form of defense versus inflammatory periodontal disease. (
  • This will help to find the plaque from these, which makes it a lot easier for you to brush your gums and teeth. (
  • It may look like a very long time, but that is how much plaque really resides on your own teeth. (
  • For example, if you avoid sugary treats to control your weight, this will also contribute to healthier teeth in helping to control plaque that leads to decay or gum disease. (
  • Plaque is a colorless film, which sticks to your teeth at the gumline. (
  • Plaque constantly forms on your teeth. (
  • Blame it on blood glucose because dental damage starts when a germ-filled film of plaque starts to accumulate on teeth. (
  • This plaque can cause tooth decay and gum disease. (
  • High blood glucose actually causes plaque to grow, which greatly increases the risk of major dental diseases and makes it much harder to have healthy gums and teeth. (
  • The first step involves the removal of tartar, also known as calculus, which is the solidified plaque on the surfaces of your teeth. (
  • If you were to feel any pain the amount of pain would be based off of the amount of plaque on your teeth as well as your tolerance. (
  • As you eat food or drink beverages, a clear sticky substance, plaque, builds up on your teeth and consumes the remnants of the food and beverages. (
  • this gives germs and plaque plenty of time to form on them. (
  • The oxygen is what comes into use when it comes to destroying harmful germs. (
  • And although not all germs are bad, illness can occur when harmful germs enter our bodies through the eyes, nose, and mouth. (
  • Although keeping backyard poultry can be fun and educational, owners should be aware that poultry can sometimes carry harmful germs that make people sick. (
  • Crest Pro-Health Advanced Multi-Protection Mouthwash with Fluoride helps you have stronger teeth* for a healthier mouth. (
  • Your teeth are better protected with fluoride treatment at the dentist's office. (
  • Fluoride strengthens teeth against decay-causing germs. (
  • Using fluoride is one of the best ways to protect against tooth decay as it fights germs and creates a protective barrier around the teeth. (
  • It likewise has fluoride, offering the Optic White tooth paste an anti dental caries double whammy that will definitely be beneficial to your dental health and wellness. (
  • Finally, fluoride, typically added to municipal water to prevent tooth decay, can be removed using water distillers. (
  • Even though fluoride is good for teeth, it can harm health if eaten in large quantities. (
  • There is a high prevalence of fluoride exposure in the fingernails of the children studied, presenting risk of developing dental fluorosis in permanent teeth. (
  • In Dentistry, the main clinical manifestation from chronic poisoning occurs because of the intake of excessive doses of fluoride during teeth formation, which may cause the appearance of an anomaly called dental fluorosis 2 . (
  • Dental fluorosis is caused by the exposure of the tooth germ to high fluoride ion concentrations (F-1) during the mineralization process 3 . (
  • Other toothpastes contain bleaching agents that are supposed to whiten your teeth. (
  • It will kill germs, remove bad breath and also whiten your teeth. (
  • Various other beverages as well as absolutely food are not advised as this is, after all, suggested to whiten your teeth. (
  • There are many ways to whiten your teeth. (
  • You do not need to soak toothbrushes in disinfecting solutions or mouthwash, which may actually spread germs under the right conditions. (
  • Protect your mouth from germs and get fresh breath with Listerine Original Antiseptic Mouthwash. (
  • To zap more germs, you can also go a step further by sanitizing your toothbrush with things like mouthwash or hydrogen peroxide. (
  • When used as an ingredient in your mouthwash, it can help get rid of cavity-causing germs. (
  • Use mouthwash after every meal, as well as after cleaning your aligners and brushing your teeth, to give your mouth an extra boost of minty freshness. (
  • Make an appointment for your baby to see a dentist when you see a first tooth or by age 1 year. (
  • Your child's dentist can show you other ways to help prevent tooth decay . (
  • Your dentist will carefully examine your teeth and may take X-rays . (
  • If your dentist discovers a cavity, he or she can repair it for you by first removing the rotted part of your tooth with a special drill. (
  • The dentist then fills the hole in your tooth with a special material. (
  • During the extraction process , a dentist removes the tooth from its bony socket in the upper or lower jaw, and the bone is left to heal. (
  • I'm following the advice posted here for an infected tooth that the dentist said either had to be extracted or root canaled. (
  • Brush teeth thoroughly for at least 1 minute twice a day (morning and evening), or as recommended by a dentist or physician. (
  • A dentist will use a topical gel and a needle to place numbing medicine (anesthetic) around the bad tooth. (
  • Next, your dentist will use a tiny drill to remove a small portion of the top part of your tooth to expose the pulp. (
  • Additionally, ensure that you keep your teeth healthy by frequently visiting the dentist. (
  • For periodontitis, your dentist or dental hygienist may clean your teeth using a method called root planing and scaling. (
  • Visit your dentist for regular checkups and teeth cleaning. (
  • In order to improve a gummy smile, the dentist needs to expose the underlying tooth structure and reduce the soft tissue around it. (
  • Practicing good oral hygiene at Clark Dental Group means maintaining your smile by visiting the dentist regularly and taking care of your teeth and gums between checkups. (
  • Ask your primary physician and family dentist if switching your diabetes medication can help you maintain healthy gums and teeth. (
  • As a supplement to your daily regimen, the American Dental Association has recommended that every person, regardless of age, schedule a teeth cleaning with her or his dentist at least two times per year. (
  • During a teeth cleaning, your dentist can stop these problems as they are on the cusp of developing, sparing you future surgery and additional health care expenses. (
  • Whatever calculus remains is tackled in the second step, during which your dentist will use a hand instrument to manually scrape away any excess tartar in the crevices between your teeth. (
  • Once all the calculus has been removed, your dentist will polish your teeth in order to eliminate any stains that have developed since your previous visit. (
  • During your deep cleaning procedure your dentist may also perform what is called a "pocket reduction surgery" and this is used if you have large pockets that have formed in between your gums and teeth. (
  • Since the process is a slow and gradual one, many patients don't realize that their gums are receding until their teeth become sensitive, or until their dentist points out the condition. (
  • You may be advised to have your child's teeth sealed by their dentist during their next dental appointment. (
  • Ideally, your dentist will be able to treat decay with simple fillings, rather than more invasive procedures like root canals and full tooth extractions. (
  • If you have pain in a specific tooth, schedule a visit with your dentist as soon as possible, so that you can treat the source of the problem before it gets much worse. (
  • A. While th "post" is bonding with your jaw and gums, your dentist will place a temporary artificial tooth on the post. (
  • A. Yes and No. Dental implants need to be brushed, flossed and checked regularly ba dentist , just as you would do with your regular teeth. (
  • If you're not happy with your smile due to a gap in your teeth, misalignment , or other cosmetic issues, there is no time like the present to talk to your dentist. (
  • Syosset Dentist Asks: Are Your Teeth Afraid of Heights? (
  • Baby-Teeth Basics Many parents and caregivers wonder when they should take their child to see a dentist for the first time. (
  • The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention is unaware of any adverse health effects directly related to toothbrush use, although people with bleeding disorders or who are severely immunosuppressed may suffer trauma from tooth brushing and may need to seek alternate means of oral hygiene. (
  • This is because a worn-out toothbrush may not work as well, not because it might carry more germs. (
  • Gently brush your child's teeth with a soft, child-sized toothbrush and water. (
  • Rinse your toothbrush thoroughly with water after you brush your teeth . (
  • Giving your toothbrush a good rinse and a shake to remove extra moisture also goes a long way toward inhibiting germ growth . (
  • Toothbrush sanitizer devices use ultraviolet (UV) light to kill germs on your toothbrush. (
  • Just note that while older research shows baking soda has antibacterial properties, it's not going to actually disinfect your toothbrush like hydrogen peroxide and kill more germs. (
  • Periodontal disease usually appears between the teeth where your toothbrush cannot reach. (
  • Brush your teeth at least twice a day with a soft-bristled toothbrush. (
  • Making use of the toothbrush along with the tooth whitening gel implies that you can see results to your teeth in a truly brief amount of time. (
  • Over-zealous teeth brushing -Brushing your teeth too roughly, or using a harsh-bristled toothbrush, can irritate your gums and cause them to recede. (
  • The following excerpts on toothpastes and preventing tooth decay are from How To Save Your Teeth: Toxic-Free Preventive Dentistry , by David Kennedy, Doctor of Dental Surgery. (
  • As a prosthodontist, Dr. Carmona has specialty training in tooth restoration, implants, and cosmetic dentistry. (
  • At the American Academy of Pediatric Dentistry, we believe in having fun at Halloween while also being as tooth-friendly as can be! (
  • In the January 2008 issue of Parents magazine, a spokesperson for the American Academy of Pediatric Dentistry explained the importance of baby teeth, flossing and proper sippy cup usage adults should know when it comes to children's oral health care. (
  • However, the mechanisms through which nanobubbles recover hypoxic tissues, such as developing tooth germs remain to be identified. (
  • In addition, good healing of soft tissues and correct eruption of the teeth #42, #43 and #44 were observed. (
  • Dentitox Pro is a everyday dental treatment item that uses nutrients from plants that help consumers boost their teeth and also gum tissues without replacing the customer's current routine. (
  • The majority of the time, this ingredient is utilized in gums and similar products to keep the gum tissues and teeth healthy. (
  • Gum disease is an infection of the tissues that surround and support the teeth. (
  • It spreads below the gums to damage the tissues and bone that support the teeth. (
  • Dentitox Pro is a everyday oral treatment product that uses nutrients from plants that assist consumers improve their teeth as well as gum tissues without replacing the user's present routine. (
  • The majority of the moment, this active ingredient is made use of in gum tissues and similar items to keep the teeth as well as periodontals healthy and balanced. (
  • ProDentim is a distinct mix of probiotics and nutrients that is designed to maintain your teeth as well as gum tissues healthy. (
  • They are additionally not recommended for those with really delicate teeth and gum tissues, as the bleaching light can irritate them. (
  • A cavity (say: KA-vuh-tee) develops when a tooth decays (say: dih-KAZE), or breaks down. (
  • If you've ever had a toothache or heard an adult complain about one, it may have been because there was a cavity that reached all the way inside a tooth, where the nerve endings are. (
  • I am proud to say that my kids have never had a cavity and work done on their teeth before. (
  • The infection can be the result of a tooth crack, cavity, or injury. (
  • Tooth abscesses in children require dental treatment because, many times, the body itself manages to drain the contents of the purulent cavity to the outside. (
  • In this way, the dental sealants can protect the teeth through the cavity-prone years of ages 6 to 14. (
  • Dental cavity implies that the mineral web content in the tooth has actually been dissolved by the organic acids secreted by germs living in biofilms or plaques on the tooth surface. (
  • After a dental practitioner drills out a corroded tooth, the tooth cavity still consists of recurring microorganisms. (
  • The researchers also have actually constructed anti-bacterial agents right into primer used initial by our Dubai dental clinic experts to prepare a drilled-out cavity and also into adhesives that dental practitioners spread out right into the cavity to make a filling stick tight to the cells of the tooth. (
  • The reason we intend to obtain the anti-bacterial representatives likewise right into guides and adhesives is that these are the first things that cover the interior surfaces of the tooth cavity and also flow into small oral tubules inside the tooth. (
  • Whether you call it a cavity or tooth decay, the problem is the same: germs in your mouth create acid that eventually eats away at the hard surface of your teeth. (
  • Oral health is a state of being free from chronic mouth and facial pain, oral and throat cancer, oral sores, birth defects such as cleft lip and palate, periodontal (gum) disease, tooth decay and tooth loss, and other diseases and disorders that affect the oral cavity. (
  • The ability of bergamot oil to fight off germs also makes it a good deodorant. (
  • The mouth is home to millions of germs. (
  • The mouth is one of the "dirtiest" parts of the body, home to millions of germs. (
  • Vigorously swish 10 milliliters of rinse between your teeth for 1 minute and then spit out. (
  • First thing in morning: seawater rinse then oil pulling over the bad tooth for 10 to 20 min with eco coconut oil then rinse with seawater then 1 tsp colloidal silver ( argentyn 23) (ie 23 ppm which is apparently the best) held for 2 min over tooth. (
  • Once seated in the treatment room, we will be utilizing a rinse for every patient, which significantly helps reduce germs prior to treatment. (
  • After 24 months of follow-up, the donor tooth showed physiological mobility, absence of infection and ankylosis , positive pulp vitality, and fully formed periodontal integration. (
  • Toothbrushes can have germs on them even after rinsing that could raise the risk of infection, especially for people with immune suppression. (
  • Tooth decay, an infection, loose or broken fillings, or receding gums can cause it. (
  • While most extractions are safe and straightforward, complications can arise in some cases, including a bone infection after a tooth extraction. (
  • Though it's highly uncommon, patients may develop a bone infection after tooth extraction. (
  • I'm wanting to know about infection in my dog's tooth. (
  • My tooth infection is not 100% gone but with trying different home remedies I can say that the infection is almost gone and once I can afford it the bad teeth (which there are 3) are getting pulled. (
  • Medicines may be placed into the area to make sure all the germs are removed and to prevent further infection. (
  • A root canal is done if you have an infection that affects the pulp of a tooth. (
  • Depending on the source of infection and severity of the decay, the tooth may or may not be salvageable. (
  • If an infection in your teeth is not treated promptly, it can result in inflammation that might spread to your sinuses and result in sinusitis. (
  • It might also trap germs and other organisms, causing a sinus infection. (
  • Tooth abscesses in children are an accumulation of pus caused by a bacterial infection . (
  • The cause of a dental abscess in children is a bacterial infection inside a tooth. (
  • The putrefied content of the infection itself within the tooth element accumulates at the ends of the roots or in the periodontal area . (
  • Strong blows to the teeth or large repairs can also lead to pulp death and subsequent infection. (
  • Infection within the tooth, bone, and gums continues and an untreated infection can spread to the jaw, floor of the mouth, and other areas of the head and neck. (
  • It can help prevent permanent gum damage, control infection, and prevent tooth loss. (
  • If nail biting is severe and involves the cuticles and breaks the skin, the germs transfer from the mouth to the open wound and can cause infection. (
  • In decades and centuries past, when oral hygiene was far lower in quality and considered to be of lesser importance than it is today, infection and edentulism (the partial or complete loss of one's permanent teeth) were common, and most people could expect to lose one or several teeth throughout their adulthood. (
  • However, brushing, flossing, and rinsing alone cannot completely protect our teeth from the possibility of infection or other complications. (
  • In addition to its role in changing the shape of teeth, tartar buildup is the precursor to dental infection, so the substance must be cleared away as soon as possible. (
  • This infection of the gums can create periodontal pockets, separating teeth from the surrounding gum and bone structure. (
  • Studies have shown that aloe vera has natural antibacterial qualities and can destroy germs that cause tooth decay. (
  • Cloves also have anti-inflammatory and antibacterial properties , which can help fight tooth and gum infections. (
  • Antibacterial bristles help reduce germ build-up. (
  • The word "periodontal" literally means around the tooth. (
  • By thorough daily brushing and flossing you can remove these germs and help prevent periodontal disease. (
  • Periodontal diseases are infections of the gums, which gradually destroy the support of your natural teeth. (
  • As periodontal diseases progress, the supporting gum tissue and bone that holds teeth in place deteriorate. (
  • The description of the role of germs from zoonotic diseases is especially relevant in a time of viral pandemic. (
  • Tooth decay is one of the most common diseases affecting children and teens. (
  • However, if you have poor oral health, you run the risk of sharing unwanted germs, illnesses or diseases instead of a perfect first kiss. (
  • Hydrogen peroxide makes an excellent homemade tooth whitener. (
  • Because it is implied to be scrambled, there is a much smaller sized quantity of the energetic tooth lightening ingredient, hydrogen peroxide. (
  • Germ buildup and stomach disorders lead up to mouth ulcers which prevent them from brushing well. (
  • The mouth contains the teeth, tonsils, and tongue. (
  • There are 32 teeth in average adult's mouth. (
  • Teeth also affect the shape of our mouth, facial expression, and the way we form words. (
  • They catch and kill germs that enter the body through the mouth. (
  • It freshens breath, kills 99% of germs that cause bad breath, cleans your whole mouth. (
  • It leaves a minty taste in my mouth and makes my teeth feel clean. (
  • The South African Dental Association (SADA) states that tooth extraction may be necessary when a tooth becomes infected, is damaged in an accident or causes excessive crowding in the patient's mouth. (
  • Brush teeth thoroughly for 2 minutes covering all parts of your mouth. (
  • Teeth can be whitened through the use of a mouth guard which holds the whitener against the tooth surface for several hours, but the topical application of a paste has only little effect on the brightness of teeth. (
  • When the germs that live in the mouth break down food particles and other debris, they often foul the air with highly pungent chemicals. (
  • The method somebody takes treatment of their teeth can make a difference in their health because every nutrient they consume goes with their mouth. (
  • The remedy consists of several usual components that users locate in tooth paste and also mouth wash, yet a number of other plants make a huge distinction. (
  • I am sure I have more germs in my mouth then my furries do and besides these are my babies and tough nougies to those of you that are grossed out. (
  • The method a person takes treatment of their teeth can make a distinction in their wellness since every nutrient they take in goes with their mouth. (
  • The solution contains several usual ingredients that customers find in tooth paste as well as mouth wash, however several other plants make a huge distinction. (
  • Studies reveal that xylitol can minimize the unsafe germs in the mouth by starving it of the nutrients that it would certainly require to make it through. (
  • Tooth-mouth-jaw (e.g. inflamed tooth roots, foci, inflammation in the jaw, etc. (
  • Healthy mouth and teeth are an important part of a child's overall wellness. (
  • Apart from brushing your teeth twice a day, you should also brush your tongue, the roof of your mouth, and the inside of your cheeks. (
  • Rather than simply restricting decay with conventional fillings, the brand-new composite is a revolutionary dental tool to manage dangerous germs, which co-exist in the all-natural colony of microbes in the mouth. (
  • If you find yourself holding your hand in front of your mouth when you talk or grin due to short teeth, a gummy smile can be easily corrected. (
  • Dry mouth occurs when salivary glands do not produce sufficient saliva to prevent the drying of the mouth, thus inhibiting our body's way of flushing out germs and food residue. (
  • Taking care of your child's gums and teeth every day helps prevent tooth decay and gum disease. (
  • Dental sealants help prevent tooth decay from developing on the chewing surfaces of your teeth. (
  • Regular exams will also help to prevent tooth decay and gum disease which are both kiss-kryptonite. (
  • We only get one set of permanent teeth so a worthy goal is to keep them healthy and protected so they will serve us well for our lifetime. (
  • Did you know that at birth, people already have 20 primary (baby) teeth that begin erupting after six months, and that by age 21, there are no more primary teeth, and all 32 permanent teeth have erupted? (
  • odontomas are rare in this age range, occurring predominantly in the second decade of life and in association with impaction of permanent teeth. (
  • Kids have 20 baby teeth and adults have 32 permanent teeth. (
  • This is why good oral hygiene is something you should strive to maintain, and this goes beyond brushing your teeth daily. (
  • Good oral hygiene also helps you avoid side effects like bad breath or stained teeth that may make you uncomfortable around other people. (
  • So, to avoid problems down the line, here are 8 simple tips to help you maintain good oral hygiene and have healthy teeth for longer. (
  • For oral hygiene, smoking stains the teeth and can also be a cause of oral cancer. (
  • Gingivitis (say "jin-juh-VY-tus") is gum disease that affects only the gums, the soft tissue that surrounds the teeth. (
  • A simple teeth cleaning can alleviate or even eliminate oral issues that you have begun to experience, such as halitosis (bad breath), gingivitis, and tooth sensitivity. (
  • IMSEAR at SEARO: Effect of mechanical trauma on the tooth germ of rat molar--a scanning electron microscope study. (
  • This case report describes a successful autotransplantation of an open-apex maxillary third molar germ to replace a hopeless mandibular first molar in a growing patient . (
  • In situ expression of the mitochondral ATPase6 gene in the developing tooth germ of the mouse lower first molar. (
  • We show that at these stages in the murine mandibular arch in the absence of epithelium, the Shh targets Ptc1 and Gli1 are upregulated in diastema mesenchyme, an edentulous region between the sites of molar and incisor tooth formation. (
  • The cyst can contain tissue, such as hair, skin or teeth. (
  • Be careful not to cut the gum tissue between the teeth. (
  • These are the hard tissue (tooth) and soft tissue (gum) procedures. (
  • conventional chrome and acrylic, Valplast tissue color dentures, clear invisible clasp dentures, precision attachment dentures and overdentures retained by teeth or implants. (
  • The term "gums" is the informal name for the soft, pink gingival tissue that surrounds the bottom portions of your teeth. (
  • Recession occurs when this tissue separates from your teeth, exposing your sensitive teeth roots. (
  • the reason for consultation, prise an amorphous mass of dental tissue, and do as reported by the parents, was a "missing tooth" not resemble teeth3. (
  • These provide a slightly abrasive, scrubbing effect to help polish the teeth and scrub away food particles and germs. (
  • It traps germs, dirt, dust, and other pollutants and particles that enter your nose. (
  • Similarly, brushing twice a day accounts for the cleaning of food particles after meals, which is important to protect against tooth decay. (
  • Tartar buildup on your teeth can only be removed using the tools we employ in our office. (
  • Here's How Mustard Oil And Salt Help Keep Your Teeth Clean! (
  • Here we bring you some expert diet tips to help you keep your teeth healthy. (
  • With its regular use, you can keep your teeth free of germs. (
  • Nail biting tends to keep your teeth in constant motion, which can wear them down faster than a non-nail biter's. (
  • Penetrates teeth for deep whitening and not just surface stains. (
  • Not only is smoking bad for your breath, but it also leaves stains on your teeth and gives them a less-than-white appearance. (
  • Through observation I have witnessed the powerful anti-nutritional effects of a diet high in phytate-rich grains on my family members, with many health problems as a result, including tooth decay, nutrient deficiencies, lack of appetite and digestive problems. (
  • Stress in children leads to dental conditions like "bruxism", otherwise called teeth grinding. (
  • After any dental procedure, there's a chance of germs entering the body. (
  • This interactive tooth adventure takes students through discovery stations to explore dental health. (
  • Recently, Guiyang City Dental Hospital Oral Medicine of Chen Liming, Yang Wei Wang Yingli and other researchers jointly published a paper aims to study different levels of selenium on fluorosis rat tooth development impact. (
  • While the dental treatment offered at a child's pediatric dental practitioner's workplace is an essential facet of their general health, youngsters are especially susceptible to tooth decay. (
  • The teeth of kids are not as properly maintained as adults' teeth, so regular sees to the dental professional are essential to stopping dental caries. (
  • Sometimes after dental treatment, teeth are sensitive to hot and cold. (
  • Visit our blog to know more about prevention of dental problems to keep teeth strong and healthy. (
  • Combing the teeth is still needed to keep dental health and wellness, yet Dentitox Pro offers a method to increase that health. (
  • The factor this blue light is so exceptional when it concerns dental hygiene is that it quickly kills all germs it finds. (
  • Fortunately for us, dental practices have vastly improved since then, and there are several methods and practices that, when used in conjunction, can allow all of us to not just retain all our teeth but also maintain total dental health. (
  • dental sealants, a protective seal that is applied to the chewing surfaces of the back teeth. (
  • The friendly team at Comfort Dental Care provides teeth cleaning for a whiter smile. (
  • Maintaining good dental hygiene is the foundation for healthy teeth and gums. (
  • It is not possible for a dental practitioner to get rid of all the harmed cells, so it is essential to neutralize the damaging results of the germs, which is simply what the new nanocomposites have the ability to do. (
  • Fattan Polyclinic is a local Dubai dental clinic providing tooth filling treatment and other dental services. (
  • A. A dental implant is a permanent artificial tooth replacement after a tooth loss . (
  • cute germs with funny faces, colorful cells with teeth and tongues. (
  • Apart from exploring the potential involvement of stem cells, the focus lies on the different signaling pathways that may be involved in tooth replacement. (
  • Also called a teratoma, this cyst forms from reproductive cells that make eggs in the ovary (germ cells). (
  • These germs destroy the gums and bone, and the teeth eventually loosen. (
  • Wear is usually a minor problem but root decay can destroy teeth quickly. (
  • It is found inside the tooth and runs in tooth canals all the way to the jaw bone. (
  • You may get X-rays of your teeth to look for bone damage and other problems. (
  • We will measure the relationship of your upper to lower jaw, the precise position of your bite, then to place the teeth in the proper place the doctor must measure the location of your canines, your facial midline, the position of your lips, evaluate your speech and measure the amount of bone loss and involve the patient in selecting the proper shade and shape of teeth and gums. (
  • These tartar-control toothpastes apparently interfere with the remineralization of the teeth. (
  • Do toothbrushes spread germs? (
  • Tooth brushing in group settings should always be supervised to ensure that toothbrushes are not shared and that they are handled properly. (
  • Keep toothbrushes separated to avoid spreading germs. (
  • There are also tiny brushes (interproximal toothbrushes) that clean between your teeth. (
  • If left untreated, this leads to tooth loss. (
  • Periodontitis or gum disease, for example, can result in bad breath, bleeding gums and even tooth loss if left untreated. (
  • When children get old enough, teach them how to brush their teeth on their own. (
  • Teach your children to brush their teeth. (
  • Most children can brush their teeth on their own by the age of 7 or 8 years. (
  • This also goes for children who may not be able to brush their teeth effectively just yet. (
  • LISTERINE®'s superior four essential oils formula is designed especially to get rid of germs that cause bad breath. (
  • Gently chew a whole clove to release its oil and hold in place against the affected tooth for up to 30 minutes. (
  • Gently move the brush in a circular motion several times using small, gentle strokes brushing the outside surfaces of your teeth. (
  • Infections in little one's teeth and molars can lead to the development of tooth abscesses in children. (
  • Typically, children should get sealants on their permanent molars as soon as these teeth come in. (
  • If there is no spacing between the primary teeth, there is a much greater chance of decay between the primary molars. (
  • Start flossing as soon as there are 2 teeth that touch. (
  • Flossing can assist to get meals caught between your teeth. (
  • a teeth cleaning, in conjunction with daily brushing, flossing, and rinsing, is a firm safeguard against more serious oral hygienic problems. (
  • After consumption, parents should have children drink fluoridated water followed by brushing and flossing their teeth. (
  • As soon as your child has two teeth touching, start flossing! (
  • Water distillers also can successfully remove dissolved sediments and contaminants from your water, in addition to germs and viruses. (
  • Avoid brushing your teeth immediately after you consume acidic foods and beverages (such as tomato, lemonade, etc. (
  • Until the tooth is permanently filled or covered with a crown, you should avoid rough chewing in the area. (
  • Handwashing with soap and water is one of the most important steps you can take to avoid getting sick and spreading germs to loved ones. (
  • They can also thrive in the pockets between the gum and tooth, particularly if you have serious or even mild gum disease. (
  • If this irritation is prolonged, the gums separate from the teeth, causing pockets (spaces) to form. (
  • In a clinical trial, there was virtually no irritation of gums or tooth pain/sensitivity. (
  • In the sealing of tubules, it is utilized to close the tubules to decrease the possibility of hot and cold sensitivity of the teeth. (
  • Whiter teeth in as little as 9-minutes per day. (
  • It guarantees outcomes (whiter teeth) in just 3 days, and also it is as straightforward as changing your current tube. (
  • These microorganisms transform carbohydrates to acids that decrease the minerals in the tooth structure. (
  • Brushing Your Teeth with Baking Soda: Is it Safe or Not? (
  • It has a good flavor and makes you feel refreshed after brushing your teeth. (
  • This includes swallowing water when showering or brushing your teeth. (
  • Carbohydrates, sugars, and starches can urge germs to produce acids that attack the teeth. (
  • It takes away germs and keeps your teeth clean and healthy. (
  • Special soft bristles and rubber gum massagers clean teeth thoroughly. (
  • Pour this into a spray bottle and spray it on your kitchen counters, appliances, sinks, etc. to clean thoroughly and get rid of germs. (
  • For clean teeth and 'up close' fresh breath everyday! (
  • To clean the inside surfaces of the upper and lower front teeth, hold the brush vertically. (
  • Washing hands with soap and water is the best way to reduce the number of germs on them, however during a disaster clean, running water may not be available. (
  • Clean the outer and inner surfaces of your upper teeth, then your lower teeth. (
  • During the average teeth cleaning, a three-step process is used to meticulously and exhaustively clean your teeth and gums. (
  • A. As soon as the first tooth erupts, primary teeth may be cleaned with a clean, wet wash cloth or wet gauze. (
  • Teeth and breath should be fresh and clean if properly cared for. (