'Tooth diseases' is a broad term referring to various conditions affecting the teeth, including dental caries (cavities), periodontal disease (gum disease), tooth wear, tooth sensitivity, oral cancer, and developmental anomalies, which can result in pain, discomfort, or loss of teeth if left untreated.
One of a set of bone-like structures in the mouth used for biting and chewing.
The failure to retain teeth as a result of disease or injury.
The collective tissues from which an entire tooth is formed, including the DENTAL SAC; ENAMEL ORGAN; and DENTAL PAPILLA. (From Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992)
The teeth of the first dentition, which are shed and replaced by the permanent teeth.
The upper part of the tooth, which joins the lower part of the tooth (TOOTH ROOT) at the cervix (TOOTH CERVIX) at a line called the cementoenamel junction. The entire surface of the crown is covered with enamel which is thicker at the extremity and becomes progressively thinner toward the cervix. (From Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p216)
The part of a tooth from the neck to the apex, embedded in the alveolar process and covered with cementum. A root may be single or divided into several branches, usually identified by their relative position, e.g., lingual root or buccal root. Single-rooted teeth include mandibular first and second premolars and the maxillary second premolar teeth. The maxillary first premolar has two roots in most cases. Maxillary molars have three roots. (Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p690)
The emergence of a tooth from within its follicle in the ALVEOLAR PROCESS of the MAXILLA or MANDIBLE into the ORAL CAVITY. (Boucher's Clinical Dental Terminology, 4th ed)
An extra tooth, erupted or unerupted, resembling or unlike the other teeth in the group to which it belongs. Its presence may cause malposition of adjacent teeth or prevent their eruption.
Congenital absence of or defects in structures of the teeth.
Loss of the tooth substance by chemical or mechanical processes
The surgical removal of a tooth. (Dorland, 28th ed)
A tooth from which the dental pulp has been removed or is necrotic. (Boucher, Clinical Dental Terminology, 4th ed)
The most posterior teeth on either side of the jaw, totaling eight in the deciduous dentition (2 on each side, upper and lower), and usually 12 in the permanent dentition (three on each side, upper and lower). They are grinding teeth, having large crowns and broad chewing surfaces. (Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p821)
A tooth that is prevented from erupting by a physical barrier, usually other teeth. Impaction may also result from orientation of the tooth in an other than vertical position in the periodontal structures.
Any change in the hue, color, or translucency of a tooth due to any cause. Restorative filling materials, drugs (both topical and systemic), pulpal necrosis, or hemorrhage may be responsible. (Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p253)
A normal developing tooth which has not yet perforated the oral mucosa or one that fails to erupt in the normal sequence or time interval expected for the type of tooth in a given gender, age, or population group.
Any of the eight frontal teeth (four maxillary and four mandibular) having a sharp incisal edge for cutting food and a single root, which occurs in man both as a deciduous and a permanent tooth. (Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p820)
The process of TOOTH formation. It is divided into several stages including: the dental lamina stage, the bud stage, the cap stage, and the bell stage. Odontogenesis includes the production of tooth enamel (AMELOGENESIS), dentin (DENTINOGENESIS), and dental cementum (CEMENTOGENESIS).
The constricted part of the tooth at the junction of the crown and root or roots. It is often referred to as the cementoenamel junction (CEJ), the line at which the cementum covering the root of a tooth and the enamel of the tooth meet. (Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p530, p433)
A hard thin translucent layer of calcified substance which envelops and protects the dentin of the crown of the tooth. It is the hardest substance in the body and is almost entirely composed of calcium salts. Under the microscope, it is composed of thin rods (enamel prisms) held together by cementing substance, and surrounded by an enamel sheath. (From Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p286)
Physiologic loss of the primary dentition. (Zwemer, Boucher's Clinical Dental Terminology, 4th ed)
Partial or complete displacement of a tooth from its alveolar support. It is commonly the result of trauma. (From Boucher's Clinical Dental Terminology, 4th ed, p312)
Two teeth united during development by the union of their tooth germs; the teeth may be joined by the enamel of their crowns, by their root dentin, or by both.
The third tooth to the left and to the right of the midline of either jaw, situated between the second INCISOR and the premolar teeth (BICUSPID). (Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p817)
The process whereby calcium salts are deposited in the dental enamel. The process is normal in the development of bones and teeth. (Boucher's Clinical Dental Terminology, 4th ed, p43)
One of the eight permanent teeth, two on either side in each jaw, between the canines (CUSPID) and the molars (MOLAR), serving for grinding and crushing food. The upper have two cusps (bicuspid) but the lower have one to three. (Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p822)
Solid fixation of a tooth resulting from fusion of the cementum and alveolar bone, with obliteration of the periodontal ligament. It is uncommon in the deciduous dentition and very rare in permanent teeth. (Jablonski's Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992)
A richly vascularized and innervated connective tissue of mesodermal origin, contained in the central cavity of a tooth and delimited by the dentin, and having formative, nutritive, sensory, and protective functions. (Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992)
Progressive loss of the hard substance of a tooth by chemical processes that do not involve bacterial action. (Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p296)
A hollow part of the alveolar process of the MAXILLA or MANDIBLE where each tooth fits and is attached via the periodontal ligament.
Reinsertion of a tooth into the alveolus from which it was removed or otherwise lost.
One of a pair of irregularly shaped bones that form the upper jaw. A maxillary bone provides tooth sockets for the superior teeth, forms part of the ORBIT, and contains the MAXILLARY SINUS.
The hard portion of the tooth surrounding the pulp, covered by enamel on the crown and cementum on the root, which is harder and denser than bone but softer than enamel, and is thus readily abraded when left unprotected. (From Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992)
Resorption of calcified dental tissue, involving demineralization due to reversal of the cation exchange and lacunar resorption by osteoclasts. There are two types: external (as a result of tooth pathology) and internal (apparently initiated by a peculiar inflammatory hyperplasia of the pulp). (From Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p676)
Localized destruction of the tooth surface initiated by decalcification of the enamel followed by enzymatic lysis of organic structures and leading to cavity formation. If left unchecked, the cavity may penetrate the enamel and dentin and reach the pulp.
The teeth collectively in the dental arch. Dentition ordinarily refers to the natural teeth in position in their alveoli. Dentition referring to the deciduous teeth is DENTITION, PRIMARY; to the permanent teeth, DENTITION, PERMANENT. (From Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992)
A treatment modality in endodontics concerned with the therapy of diseases of the dental pulp. For preparatory procedures, ROOT CANAL PREPARATION is available.
Measurement of tooth characteristics.
The largest and strongest bone of the FACE constituting the lower jaw. It supports the lower teeth.
A tooth's loss of minerals, such as calcium in hydroxyapatite from the tooth matrix, caused by acidic exposure. An example of the occurrence of demineralization is in the formation of dental caries.
The 32 teeth of adulthood that either replace or are added to the complement of deciduous teeth. (Boucher's Clinical Dental Terminology, 4th ed)
A restoration designed to remain in service for not less than 20 to 30 years, usually made of gold casting, cohesive gold, or amalgam. (Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992)
Congenital absence of the teeth; it may involve all (total anodontia) or only some of the teeth (partial anodontia, hypodontia), and both the deciduous and the permanent dentition, or only teeth of the permanent dentition. (Dorland, 27th ed)
The selected form given to a natural tooth when it is reduced by instrumentation to receive a prosthesis (e.g., artificial crown or a retainer for a fixed or removable prosthesis). The selection of the form is guided by clinical circumstances and physical properties of the materials that make up the prosthesis. (Boucher's Clinical Dental Terminology, 4th ed, p239)
The fibrous CONNECTIVE TISSUE surrounding the TOOTH ROOT, separating it from and attaching it to the alveolar bone (ALVEOLAR PROCESS).
The thickest and spongiest part of the maxilla and mandible hollowed out into deep cavities for the teeth.
A means of identifying the age of an animal or human through tooth examination.

Strategies to improve the quality of oral health care for frail and dependent older people. (1/199)

The dental profile of the population of most industrialised countries is changing. For the first time in at least a century most elderly people in the United Kingdom will soon have some of their own natural teeth. This could be beneficial for the frail and dependent elderly, as natural teeth are associated with greater dietary freedom of choice and good nutrition. There may also be problems including high levels of dental disease associated with poor hygiene and diet. New data from a national oral health survey in Great Britain is presented. The few dentate elderly people in institutions at the moment have poor hygiene and high levels of dental decay. If these problems persist as dentate younger generations get older, the burden of care will be substantial. Many dental problems in elderly people are preventable or would benefit from early intervention. Strategies to approach these problems are presented.  (+info)

An exploration of oral health beliefs and attitudes of Chinese in West Yorkshire: a qualitative investigation. (2/199)

This qualitative study explores oral health beliefs and attitudes among Chinese resident in West Yorkshire using six focus groups differentiated by age and gender. Focus group discussions took place in community settings led by trained Chinese facilitators. All groups believed that they were susceptible to dental disease, and that bleeding gums and total tooth loss were 'normal'; apart from the elderly, tooth loss was seen as undesirable. The elderly and adult groups believed in traditional remedies and claimed that preventive oral health measures were ineffective. These groups lacked faith in dentists, and for them cost, language difficulties and lack of awareness were the main reported barriers to accessing dental services. Traditional Chinese oral health beliefs remain influential for the elderly and adult UK Chinese. In contrast, teenagers thought that toothbrushing and sugar restriction would help to prevent dental diseases. The appropriateness of the focus group and interview methods for exploring oral health beliefs for the Chinese are discussed, as are implications of the reported intergenerational differences for oral health promotion strategy in the UK.  (+info)

High-altitude illness induced by tooth root infection. (3/199)

High-altitude illness may occur after recent pulmonary infection, but high-altitude illness after root canal therapy has not been described previously. A 44-year-old man is presented who skied to a 3333 m high peak in the Eastern Alps one day after he had undergone root canal therapy because of a tooth root infection. After 4 hours above 3000 m severe symptoms of high-altitude illness, including pulmonary oedema, developed. His condition improved after immediate descent. The next day he presented with local and general signs of infection which were successfully treated with gingival incisions and antibiotics. In conclusion, acute tooth root infection and root canal therapy may induce high-altitude illness at an altitude just above 3000 m.  (+info)

Possibilities of preventing osteoradionecrosis during complex therapy of tumors of the oral cavity. (4/199)

In recent years, there has been a dramatic increase in the number of tumors of the head and neck. Their successful treatment is one of the greatest challenges for physicians dealing with oncotherapy. An organic part of the complex therapy is preoperative or postoperative irradiation. Application of this is accompanied by a lower risk of recurrences, and by a higher proportion of cured patients. Unfortunately, irradiation also has a disadvantage: the development of osteoradionecrosis, a special form of osteomyelitis, in some patients (mainly in those cases where irradiation occurs after bone resection or after partial removal of the periosteum). Once the clinical picture of this irradiation complication has developed, its treatment is very difficult. A significant result or complete freedom from complaints can be attained only rarely. Attention must therefore be focussed primarily on prevention, and the oral surgeon, the oncoradiologist and the patient too can all do much to help prevent the occurrence of osteoradionecrosis. Through coupling of an up-to-date, functional surgical attitude with knowledge relating to modern radiology and radiation physics, the way may be opened to forestall this complication that is so difficult to cure.  (+info)

Oral health of patients scheduled for elective abdominal aortic correction with prosthesis. (5/199)

OBJECTIVE: to evaluate the frequency of potential oral foci of infection in patients scheduled for elective abdominal aortic surgery. DESIGN: prospective clinical study. MATERIALS: oral health and dentures of 50 patients (33 males and 17 females, mean age 65 years) were examined before aortic surgery. CHIEF OUTCOME MEASURES: radiographic and clinical examination with special emphasis on identifying acute and chronic oral and ontogenic conditions which may contribute to aortic prosthesis infection. RESULTS: eighty-two per cent of the patients had some oral infection foci. The mean number of remaining teeth in the cohort was 9.3, and 21% of these were potential infectious foci (62% in the patients). Twenty-six per cent of the patients suffered from oral Candida infection. Seventy-four per cent of the patients had total or partial dentures, 45% of which were ill-fitting and needed repair. CONCLUSIONS: oral infectious foci occur frequently in patients needing aortic surgery. Untreated foci may contribute to aortic prosthesis infection. Preoperative oral evaluation and elimination of intraoral infection is recommended for patients scheduled for abdominal aortic repair.  (+info)

Heavy metal poisoning in glass worker characterised by severe. (6/199)

The paper presents the clinical description of the masticatory organ and biochemical assessment of dental tissue in a patient employed in a glassworks for 20 years. During 12 years the patient has suffered baldness ("Alopecia areata") and atypical extensive and non-healing cutaneous lesions. Dental examination revealed changes typical of chronic poisoning by cadmium and bismuth compounds.  (+info)

Persistence of deciduous molars in subjects with agenesis of the second premolars. (7/199)

The purpose of the present study was to investigate persistent primary second molars in a group of young people in their late twenties with agenesis of one or two second premolars. In 1982-83 it was decided, in connection with the orthodontic evaluation of 25 patients, to allow 35 primary molars (one or two in each patient) to remain in situ. All patients had mixed dentitions and agenesis of one or two premolars. The primary teeth were generally in good condition, although root resorption and infra-occlusion (compensated by occlusal composite onlays) occurred. In 1997, 18 of the 25 patients with a total of 26 retained primary molars were reexamined, comprising a clinical examination for exfoliation, extraction, loosening, and ankylosis, and a radiographic examination for root resorption, tooth morphology (crown and root), and alveolar bone contour. The examination showed that the degree of root resorption was unaltered in 20 of the 26 primary molars. In the permanent dentitions, where these primary molars persisted, there were no morphological deviations. Three of the six remaining primary molars had been extracted and three showed extensive resorption. In three of the 26 primary molars the infra-occlusion had worsened. The present study shows that persistence of primary second molars in subjects with agenesis of one or two premolars, and normal morphology of the permanent dentition can be an acceptable, semi-permanent solution for the patient. Whether this could also be an acceptable long-term solution will be shown by follow-up studies.  (+info)

Understanding the dental need and care during pregnancy: a review. (8/199)

This paper reviews the oral and dental lesions that are seen during pregnancy. Trimester approach should be adopted in the management of the pregnant patients. A good dental preventive programme is essential. The significance of prescribing fluoride supplements and the use of dental radiography during pregnancy is also briefly reviewed.  (+info)

Tooth diseases are conditions that affect the teeth and can cause discomfort, pain, and even loss of teeth if left untreated. These diseases can be caused by various factors such as poor oral hygiene, bacterial infections, trauma, genetics, and certain medical conditions. Some common tooth diseases include:

1. Dental caries (tooth decay): This is a breakdown of the tooth enamel due to the action of acid-producing bacteria that feed on sugars and starches in the mouth. Over time, this can lead to cavities or holes in the teeth.
2. Gingivitis: This is an inflammation of the gums caused by the buildup of plaque and tartar at the gum line. If left untreated, gingivitis can progress to periodontitis, a more serious form of gum disease that can cause tooth loss.
3. Periodontitis: This is a severe infection of the gums and bones that support the teeth. It is caused by the buildup of plaque and tartar, which leads to the destruction of the tissue and bone that hold the teeth in place.
4. Abscess: This is a pocket of pus that forms in the tooth or gum due to a bacterial infection. An abscess can cause pain, swelling, and fever, and may require antibiotics or surgical drainage.
5. Tooth erosion: This is the loss of tooth structure due to acid wear, which can be caused by factors such as diet, stomach acid, and teeth grinding.
6. Hypersensitivity: This is a condition in which the teeth become sensitive to hot, cold, or sweet foods and drinks. It can be caused by factors such as gum recession, tooth decay, and tooth wear.
7. Oral cancer: This is a type of cancer that affects the mouth, lips, tongue, or throat. It can cause symptoms such as sores, lumps, or difficulty swallowing, and may require surgery, radiation therapy, or chemotherapy for treatment.

A tooth is a hard, calcified structure found in the jaws (upper and lower) of many vertebrates and used for biting and chewing food. In humans, a typical tooth has a crown, one or more roots, and three layers: the enamel (the outermost layer, hardest substance in the body), the dentin (the layer beneath the enamel), and the pulp (the innermost layer, containing nerves and blood vessels). Teeth are essential for proper nutrition, speech, and aesthetics. There are different types of teeth, including incisors, canines, premolars, and molars, each designed for specific functions in the mouth.

Tooth loss is the condition or process characterized by the disappearance or absence of one or more teeth from their normal position in the dental arch. This can occur due to various reasons such as tooth decay, periodontal disease (gum disease), injury, or aging. The consequences of tooth loss include difficulties in chewing, speaking, and adversely affecting the aesthetics of a person's smile, which may lead to psychological impacts. Additionally, it can cause shifting of adjacent teeth, bone resorption, and changes in the bite, potentially leading to further dental issues if not treated promptly.

A tooth germ is a small cluster of cells that eventually develop into a tooth. It contains the dental papilla, which will become the dentin and pulp of the tooth, and the dental follicle, which will form the periodontal ligament, cementum, and alveolar bone. The tooth germ starts as an epithelial thickening called the dental lamina, which then forms a bud, cap, and bell stage before calcification occurs and the tooth begins to erupt through the gums. It is during the bell stage that the enamel organ, which will form the enamel of the tooth, is formed.

A deciduous tooth, also known as a baby tooth or primary tooth, is a type of temporary tooth that humans and some other mammals develop during childhood. They are called "deciduous" because they are eventually shed and replaced by permanent teeth, much like how leaves on a deciduous tree fall off and are replaced by new growth.

Deciduous teeth begin to form in the womb and start to erupt through the gums when a child is around six months old. By the time a child reaches age three, they typically have a full set of 20 deciduous teeth, including incisors, canines, and molars. These teeth are smaller and less durable than permanent teeth, but they serve important functions such as helping children chew food properly, speak clearly, and maintain space in the jaw for the permanent teeth to grow into.

Deciduous teeth usually begin to fall out around age six or seven, starting with the lower central incisors. This process continues until all of the deciduous teeth have been shed, typically by age 12 or 13. At this point, the permanent teeth will have grown in and taken their place, with the exception of the wisdom teeth, which may not erupt until later in adolescence or early adulthood.

A tooth crown is a type of dental restoration that covers the entire visible portion of a tooth, restoring its shape, size, and strength. It is typically made of materials like porcelain, ceramic, or metal alloys and is custom-made to fit over the prepared tooth. The tooth crown is cemented in place and becomes the new outer surface of the tooth, protecting it from further damage or decay.

The process of getting a tooth crown usually involves two dental appointments. During the first appointment, the dentist prepares the tooth by removing any decay or damaged tissue and shaping the tooth to accommodate the crown. An impression is then taken of the prepared tooth and sent to a dental laboratory where the crown is fabricated. In the meantime, a temporary crown is placed over the prepared tooth to protect it until the permanent crown is ready. At the second appointment, the temporary crown is removed, and the permanent crown is cemented in place.

Tooth crowns are often recommended for several reasons, including:

* To restore a broken or fractured tooth
* To protect a weakened tooth from further damage or decay
* To support a large filling when there isn't enough natural tooth structure left
* To cover a dental implant
* To improve the appearance of a discolored or misshapen tooth

Overall, a tooth crown is an effective and long-lasting solution for restoring damaged or decayed teeth and improving oral health.

A tooth root is the part of a tooth that is embedded in the jawbone and cannot be seen when looking at a person's smile. It is the lower portion of a tooth that typically has a conical shape and anchors the tooth to the jawbone through a periodontal ligament. The tooth root is covered by cementum, a specialized bone-like tissue, and contains nerve endings and blood vessels within its pulp chamber.

The number of roots in a tooth can vary depending on the type of tooth. For example, incisors typically have one root, canines may have one or two roots, premolars usually have one or two roots, and molars often have two to four roots. The primary function of the tooth root is to provide stability and support for the crown of the tooth, allowing it to withstand the forces of biting and chewing.

Tooth eruption is the process by which a tooth emerges from the gums and becomes visible in the oral cavity. It is a normal part of dental development that occurs in a predictable sequence and timeframe. Primary or deciduous teeth, also known as baby teeth, begin to erupt around 6 months of age and continue to emerge until approximately 2-3 years of age. Permanent or adult teeth start to erupt around 6 years of age and can continue to emerge until the early twenties.

The process of tooth eruption involves several stages, including the formation of the tooth within the jawbone, the movement of the tooth through the bone and surrounding tissues, and the final emergence of the tooth into the mouth. Proper tooth eruption is essential for normal oral function, including chewing, speaking, and smiling. Any abnormalities in the tooth eruption process, such as delayed or premature eruption, can indicate underlying dental or medical conditions that require further evaluation and treatment.

A supernumerary tooth, also known as hyperdontia, refers to an additional tooth or teeth that grow beyond the regular number of teeth in the dental arch. These extra teeth can erupt in various locations of the dental arch and may occur in any of the tooth types, but they are most commonly seen as extra premolars or molars, and less frequently as incisors or canines. Supernumerary teeth may be asymptomatic or may cause complications such as crowding, displacement, or impaction of adjacent teeth, and therefore, they often require dental treatment.

Tooth abnormalities refer to any variations or irregularities in the size, shape, number, structure, or development of teeth that deviate from the typical or normal anatomy. These abnormalities can occur in primary (deciduous) or permanent teeth and can be caused by genetic factors, environmental influences, systemic diseases, or localized dental conditions during tooth formation.

Some examples of tooth abnormalities include:

1. Microdontia - teeth that are smaller than normal in size.
2. Macrodontia - teeth that are larger than normal in size.
3. Peg-shaped teeth - teeth with a narrow, conical shape.
4. Talon cusps - additional cusps or points on the biting surface of a tooth.
5. Dens invaginatus - an abnormal development where the tooth crown has an extra fold or pouch that can trap bacteria and cause dental problems.
6. Taurodontism - teeth with large pulp chambers and short roots.
7. Supernumerary teeth - having more teeth than the typical number (20 primary and 32 permanent teeth).
8. Hypodontia - missing one or more teeth due to a failure of development.
9. Germination - two adjacent teeth fused together, usually occurring in the front teeth.
10. Fusion - two separate teeth that have grown together during development.

Tooth abnormalities may not always require treatment unless they cause functional, aesthetic, or dental health issues. A dentist can diagnose and manage tooth abnormalities through various treatments, such as fillings, extractions, orthodontic care, or restorative procedures.

Tooth wear is the progressive loss of tooth structure that can occur as a result of various factors. According to the medical definition, it refers to the wearing down, rubbing away, or grinding off of the hard tissues of the teeth (enamel and dentin) due to mechanical forces or chemical processes.

There are three primary types of tooth wear:

1. Abrasion: This is the loss of tooth structure caused by friction from external sources, such as incorrect brushing techniques, bite appliances, or habits like nail-biting and pipe smoking.
2. Attrition: This type of tooth wear results from the natural wearing down of teeth due to occlusal forces during biting, chewing, and grinding. However, excessive attrition can occur due to bruxism (teeth grinding) or clenching.
3. Erosion: Chemical processes, such as acid attacks from dietary sources (e.g., citrus fruits, sodas, and sports drinks) or gastric reflux, cause the loss of tooth structure in this type of tooth wear. The enamel dissolves when exposed to low pH levels, leaving the dentin underneath vulnerable to further damage.

Professional dental examination and treatment may be necessary to address significant tooth wear and prevent further progression, which can lead to sensitivity, pain, and functional or aesthetic issues.

Tooth extraction is a dental procedure in which a tooth that is damaged or poses a threat to oral health is removed from its socket in the jawbone. This may be necessary due to various reasons such as severe tooth decay, gum disease, fractured teeth, crowded teeth, or for orthodontic treatment purposes. The procedure is performed by a dentist or an oral surgeon, under local anesthesia to numb the area around the tooth, ensuring minimal discomfort during the extraction process.

A nonvital tooth is one that no longer has a living or viable pulp, which contains the nerves and blood vessels inside the tooth. This condition can occur due to various reasons such as tooth decay that has progressed deeply into the tooth, dental trauma, or previous invasive dental procedures. As a result, the tooth loses its sensitivity to temperature changes and may darken in color. Nonvital teeth typically require root canal treatment to remove the dead pulp tissue, disinfect the canals, and fill them with an inert material to preserve the tooth structure and function.

In the context of dentistry, a molar is a type of tooth found in the back of the mouth. They are larger and wider than other types of teeth, such as incisors or canines, and have a flat biting surface with multiple cusps. Molars are primarily used for grinding and chewing food into smaller pieces that are easier to swallow. Humans typically have twelve molars in total, including the four wisdom teeth.

In medical terminology outside of dentistry, "molar" can also refer to a unit of mass in the apothecaries' system of measurement, which is equivalent to 4.08 grams. However, this usage is less common and not related to dental or medical anatomy.

An impacted tooth is a condition where a tooth fails to erupt into the oral cavity within its expected time frame, resulting in its partial or complete entrapment within the jawbone or soft tissues. This commonly occurs with wisdom teeth (third molars) but can affect any tooth. Impacted teeth may cause problems such as infection, decay of adjacent teeth, gum disease, or cyst formation, and they may require surgical removal.

Tooth discoloration, also known as tooth staining or tooth color change, refers to the darkening or staining of teeth. It can be categorized into two main types: extrinsic and intrinsic. Extrinsic discoloration occurs when the outer layer of the tooth (enamel) becomes stained due to exposure to colored substances such as coffee, tea, wine, tobacco, and certain foods. Intrinsic discoloration, on the other hand, occurs when the inner structure of the tooth (dentin) darkens or gets a yellowish tint due to factors like genetics, aging, trauma, or exposure to certain medications during tooth development. Tooth discoloration can also be caused by dental diseases or decay. It is important to note that while some forms of tooth discoloration are cosmetic concerns, others may indicate underlying oral health issues and should be evaluated by a dental professional.

A tooth is classified as "unerupted" when it has not yet penetrated through the gums and entered the oral cavity. This can apply to both primary (baby) teeth and permanent (adult) teeth. The reasons for a tooth's failure to erupt can vary, including crowding of teeth, lack of sufficient space, or anatomical barriers such as bone or soft tissue. In some cases, unerupted teeth may need to be monitored or treated, depending on the specific situation and any symptoms experienced by the individual.

An incisor is a type of tooth that is primarily designed for biting off food pieces rather than chewing or grinding. They are typically chisel-shaped, flat, and have a sharp cutting edge. In humans, there are eight incisors - four on the upper jaw and four on the lower jaw, located at the front of the mouth. Other animals such as dogs, cats, and rodents also have incisors that they use for different purposes like tearing or gnawing.

Odontogenesis is the process of tooth development that involves the formation and calcification of teeth. It is a complex process that requires the interaction of several types of cells, including epithelial cells, mesenchymal cells, and odontoblasts. The process begins during embryonic development with the formation of dental lamina, which gives rise to the tooth bud. As the tooth bud grows and differentiates, it forms the various structures of the tooth, including the enamel, dentin, cementum, and pulp. Odontogenesis is completed when the tooth erupts into the oral cavity. Abnormalities in odontogenesis can result in developmental dental anomalies such as tooth agenesis, microdontia, or odontomas.

The term "tooth cervix" is not commonly used in medical dentistry with a specific technical definition. However, if you are referring to the "cervical region of a tooth," it generally refers to the area where the crown (the visible part of the tooth) meets the root (the portion of the tooth that is below the gum line). This region is also sometimes referred to as the "cementoenamel junction" (CEJ), where the enamel covering of the crown meets the cementum covering of the root. Dental issues such as tooth decay, receding gums, or abrasion can affect this area and may require professional dental treatment.

Dental enamel is the hard, white, outermost layer of a tooth. It is a highly mineralized and avascular tissue, meaning it contains no living cells or blood vessels. Enamel is primarily composed of calcium and phosphate minerals and serves as the protective covering for the crown of a tooth, which is the portion visible above the gum line.

Enamel is the hardest substance in the human body, and its primary function is to provide structural support and protection to the underlying dentin and pulp tissues of the tooth. It also plays a crucial role in chewing and biting by helping to distribute forces evenly across the tooth surface during these activities.

Despite its hardness, dental enamel can still be susceptible to damage from factors such as tooth decay, erosion, and abrasion. Once damaged or lost, enamel cannot regenerate or repair itself, making it essential to maintain good oral hygiene practices and seek regular dental checkups to prevent enamel damage and protect overall oral health.

Tooth exfoliation is not a term that is commonly used in dental or medical literature. However, I believe you may be referring to the natural process of tooth loss that occurs with the shedding of primary (baby) teeth to make way for permanent (adult) teeth. This process is also known as physical or physiological tooth exfoliation.

Exfoliation in this context refers to the separation and shedding of the primary tooth's root from the underlying permanent tooth, allowing the permanent tooth to erupt into its proper position. The primary tooth becomes loose due to the resorption of its roots by the developing permanent tooth beneath it. Eventually, the primary tooth falls out, making room for the adult tooth to emerge and take its place in the dental arch.

It is essential to maintain good oral hygiene during this process to prevent any potential complications such as infection or premature loss of primary teeth.

Tooth avulsion is the complete separation of a tooth from its socket in the alveolar bone due to traumatic injury. This occurs when the periodontal ligament, which holds the tooth in place, gets severed or torn, resulting in the tooth being displaced from its original position. Avulsed teeth can be either primary (baby) or permanent teeth, and the trauma can result in damage to the surrounding tissues, including the gingiva, alveolar bone, and sometimes even the nerves and blood vessels. Prompt and appropriate first aid, as well as professional dental care, are crucial for ensuring the best possible outcome for reimplantation and healing.

'Fused teeth', also known as congenitally missing or malformed teeth, is a dental condition where two or more teeth are fused together. This condition is called "gemination" when a single tooth bud fails to completely separate, resulting in two teeth that share a common pulp chamber and root canal. When this occurs with more than one tooth, it is referred to as "twinning." In contrast, "congenital fusion" or "synthesis" refers to the union of two separate tooth buds during development.

Fused teeth can cause cosmetic concerns, difficulty in biting and chewing, and may affect the alignment of surrounding teeth. Depending on the severity and location of the fusion, treatment options may include observation, dental restorations, or even orthodontic or surgical intervention to correct the malocclusion and improve oral function and aesthetics.

A cuspid, also known as a canine tooth or cuspid tooth, is a type of tooth in mammals. It is the pointiest tooth in the dental arch and is located between the incisors and bicuspids (or premolars). Cuspids have a single cusp or pointed tip that is used for tearing and grasping food. In humans, there are four cuspids, two on the upper jaw and two on the lower jaw, one on each side of the dental arch.

Tooth calcification, also known as dental calculus or tartar formation, refers to the hardening of plaque on the surface of teeth. This process occurs when minerals from saliva combine with bacterial deposits and dental plaque, resulting in a hard, calcified substance that adheres to the tooth surface. Calcification can occur both above and below the gum line, and if not removed through professional dental cleanings, it can lead to periodontal disease, tooth decay, and other oral health issues.

A bicuspid valve, also known as a mitral valve in the heart, is a heart valve that has two leaflets or cusps. It lies between the left atrium and the left ventricle and helps to regulate blood flow between these two chambers of the heart. In a healthy heart, the bicuspid valve opens to allow blood to flow from the left atrium into the left ventricle and closes tightly to prevent blood from flowing back into the left atrium during contraction of the ventricle.

A congenital heart defect known as a bicuspid aortic valve occurs when the aortic valve, which normally has three leaflets or cusps, only has two. This can lead to narrowing of the valve (aortic stenosis) or leakage of the valve (aortic regurgitation), which can cause symptoms and may require medical treatment.

Tooth ankylosis is a dental condition where the tooth becomes abnormally fused to the alveolar bone, which is the part of the jawbone that contains the tooth sockets. This fusion typically occurs through the cementum of the root surface and the adjacent alveolar bone, resulting in the loss of the periodontal ligament (PLD) space that normally separates the tooth from the bone.

Ankylosis can affect both primary (deciduous or baby) teeth and permanent teeth. In primary teeth, ankylosis may lead to early exfoliation or premature loss of the tooth due to the lack of PDL resorption, which is necessary for natural tooth shedding. In permanent teeth, ankylosis can result in infraocclusion, where the affected tooth fails to erupt fully and remains at a lower level than the surrounding teeth.

The causes of tooth ankylosis include trauma, infection, developmental disorders, or previous orthodontic treatment. It is essential to diagnose and manage this condition promptly, as it can lead to complications such as malocclusion, dental crowding, or periodontal issues if left untreated. Treatment options may include extraction of the affected tooth, surgical separation from the bone, or orthodontic treatment to correct any resulting occlusal discrepancies.

Dental pulp is the soft tissue located in the center of a tooth, surrounded by the dentin. It contains nerves, blood vessels, and connective tissue, and plays a vital role in the development and health of the tooth. The dental pulp helps to form dentin during tooth development and continues to provide nourishment to the tooth throughout its life. It also serves as a sensory organ, allowing the tooth to detect hot and cold temperatures and transmit pain signals to the brain. Injury or infection of the dental pulp can lead to serious dental problems, such as tooth decay or abscesses, and may require root canal treatment to remove the damaged tissue and save the tooth.

Tooth erosion is defined as the progressive, irreversible loss of dental hard tissue, primarily caused by chemical dissolution from acids, rather than mechanical forces such as abrasion or attrition. These acids can originate from extrinsic sources like acidic foods and beverages, or intrinsic sources like gastric reflux or vomiting. The erosion process leads to a reduction in tooth structure, altering the shape and function of teeth, and potentially causing sensitivity, pain, and aesthetical concerns. Early detection and management of tooth erosion are crucial to prevent further progression and preserve dental health.

A tooth socket, also known as an alveolus (plural: alveoli), refers to the hollow cavity or space in the jawbone where a tooth is anchored. The tooth socket is part of the alveolar process, which is the curved part of the maxilla or mandible that contains multiple tooth sockets for the upper and lower teeth, respectively.

Each tooth socket has a specialized tissue called the periodontal ligament, which attaches the root of the tooth to the surrounding bone. This ligament helps absorb forces generated during biting and chewing, allowing for comfortable and efficient mastication while also maintaining the tooth's position within the jawbone. The tooth socket is responsible for providing support, stability, and nourishment to the tooth through its blood vessels and nerves.

Tooth replantation is a dental procedure that involves the replanting and reattachment of a tooth that has been avulsed or knocked out due to trauma. The primary goal of this emergency procedure is to preserve the natural tooth and its periodontal ligament (PDL) tissue, allowing for potential reattachment and function.

The steps involved in tooth replantation include:

1. Locating the avulsed tooth: Carefully handle the knocked-out tooth by holding it by the crown (the chewing surface), avoiding touching the root area to prevent further damage to the periodontal ligament fibers.
2. Rinsing the tooth: Gently rinse the tooth with saline solution, sterile water, or milk to remove any debris or dirt, but avoid using alcohol or scrubbing the tooth as it may cause more damage to the PDL.
3. Replanting the tooth: As soon as possible, reposition the tooth back into its socket in the correct orientation and alignment. Apply gentle pressure to seat it in place while ensuring that it is facing the right direction. Ideally, this should be done within 30 minutes of avulsion for better prognosis.
4. Stabilizing the tooth: Use a splint or a wire to secure the replanted tooth to the adjacent teeth, providing stability and support during the healing process. This helps maintain the alignment and position of the replanted tooth.
5. Seeking professional dental care: Immediately consult with a dentist or endodontist for further evaluation, additional treatment, and follow-up care. The dentist will assess the success of the replantation and determine if any root canal therapy or other treatments are necessary to ensure long-term survival of the tooth.

The success of tooth replantation depends on several factors, including the timeliness of the procedure, the condition of the avulsed tooth, and the patient's overall oral health. Prompt action and professional care can significantly increase the likelihood of a successful outcome and preserve the natural tooth for years to come.

The maxilla is a paired bone that forms the upper jaw in vertebrates. In humans, it is a major bone in the face and plays several important roles in the craniofacial complex. Each maxilla consists of a body and four processes: frontal process, zygomatic process, alveolar process, and palatine process.

The maxillae contribute to the formation of the eye sockets (orbits), nasal cavity, and the hard palate of the mouth. They also contain the upper teeth sockets (alveoli) and help form the lower part of the orbit and the cheekbones (zygomatic arches).

Here's a quick rundown of its key functions:

1. Supports the upper teeth and forms the upper jaw.
2. Contributes to the formation of the eye sockets, nasal cavity, and hard palate.
3. Helps shape the lower part of the orbit and cheekbones.
4. Partakes in the creation of important sinuses, such as the maxillary sinus, which is located within the body of the maxilla.

Dentin is the hard, calcified tissue that lies beneath the enamel and cementum of a tooth. It forms the majority of the tooth's structure and is composed primarily of mineral salts (hydroxyapatite), collagenous proteins, and water. Dentin has a tubular structure, with microscopic channels called dentinal tubules that radiate outward from the pulp chamber (the center of the tooth containing nerves and blood vessels) to the exterior of the tooth. These tubules contain fluid and nerve endings that are responsible for the tooth's sensitivity to various stimuli such as temperature changes, pressure, or decay. Dentin plays a crucial role in protecting the dental pulp while also providing support and structure to the overlying enamel and cementum.

Tooth resorption is a process in which there is an abnormal loss or breakdown of tooth structure, either internally (internal resorption) or externally (external resorption), due to the action of specialized cells called odontoclasts. This can lead to weakening and destruction of the tooth, potentially causing sensitivity, pain, or even tooth loss if left untreated. The causes of tooth resorption can vary, including trauma, orthodontic treatment, periodontal disease, and certain systemic conditions. It is important to diagnose and treat tooth resorption early to prevent further damage and preserve the tooth structure.

Dental caries, also known as tooth decay or cavities, refers to the damage or breakdown of the hard tissues of the teeth (enamel, dentin, and cementum) due to the activity of acid-producing bacteria. These bacteria ferment sugars from food and drinks, producing acids that dissolve and weaken the tooth structure, leading to cavities.

The process of dental caries development involves several stages:

1. Demineralization: The acidic environment created by bacterial activity causes minerals (calcium and phosphate) to be lost from the tooth surface, making it weaker and more susceptible to decay.
2. Formation of a white spot lesion: As demineralization progresses, a chalky white area appears on the tooth surface, indicating early caries development.
3. Cavity formation: If left untreated, the demineralization process continues, leading to the breakdown and loss of tooth structure, resulting in a cavity or hole in the tooth.
4. Infection and pulp involvement: As the decay progresses deeper into the tooth, it can reach the dental pulp (the soft tissue containing nerves and blood vessels), causing infection, inflammation, and potentially leading to toothache, abscess, or even tooth loss.

Preventing dental caries involves maintaining good oral hygiene, reducing sugar intake, using fluoride toothpaste and mouthwash, and having regular dental check-ups and cleanings. Early detection and treatment of dental caries can help prevent further progression and more severe complications.

Dentition refers to the development, arrangement, and appearance of teeth in the dental arch. It includes the number, type, size, and shape of teeth, as well as their alignment and relationship with each other and the surrounding structures in the oral cavity. Dentition can be classified into two main types: deciduous (primary) dentition and permanent (secondary) dentition. Deciduous dentition consists of 20 temporary teeth that erupt during infancy and childhood, while permanent dentition consists of 32 teeth that replace the deciduous teeth and last for a lifetime, excluding the wisdom teeth which may or may not erupt. Abnormalities in dentition can indicate various dental and systemic conditions, making it an essential aspect of oral health assessment and diagnosis.

Root canal therapy, also known as endodontic treatment, is a dental procedure that involves the removal of infected or damaged pulp tissue from within a tooth's root canal system. The root canal system is a series of narrow channels that run from the center of the tooth (pulp chamber) down to the tip of the tooth roots, containing nerves, blood vessels, and connective tissues.

During the procedure, the dentist or endodontist will gain access to the pulp chamber, carefully clean and shape the root canals using specialized instruments, and then fill and seal them with a rubber-like material called gutta-percha. This helps prevent reinfection and preserves the structural integrity of the tooth. In many cases, a crown or other restoration is placed over the treated tooth to protect it and restore its function and appearance.

Root canal therapy is typically recommended when the pulp tissue becomes inflamed or infected due to deep decay, repeated dental procedures, cracks, or chips in the teeth. The goal of this treatment is to alleviate pain, preserve natural tooth structure, and prevent the need for extraction.

Odontometry is a term used in dentistry that refers to the measurement of teeth, particularly the size and length of teeth or tooth roots. It is often used in forensic dentistry for identification purposes, such as in age estimation, sex determination, or individual identification of human remains. The measurements can be taken using various methods, including radiographs (x-rays), calipers, or specialized software.

In some contexts, odontometry may also refer to the process of measuring the amount of dental work required for a particular treatment plan, although this usage is less common.

The mandible, also known as the lower jaw, is the largest and strongest bone in the human face. It forms the lower portion of the oral cavity and plays a crucial role in various functions such as mastication (chewing), speaking, and swallowing. The mandible is a U-shaped bone that consists of a horizontal part called the body and two vertical parts called rami.

The mandible articulates with the skull at the temporomandibular joints (TMJs) located in front of each ear, allowing for movements like opening and closing the mouth, protrusion, retraction, and side-to-side movement. The mandible contains the lower teeth sockets called alveolar processes, which hold the lower teeth in place.

In medical terminology, the term "mandible" refers specifically to this bone and its associated structures.

Tooth demineralization is a process that involves the loss of minerals, such as calcium and phosphate, from the hard tissues of the teeth. This process can lead to the development of dental caries or tooth decay. Demineralization occurs when acids produced by bacteria in the mouth attack the enamel of the tooth, dissolving its mineral content. Over time, these attacks can create holes or cavities in the teeth. Fluoride, found in many toothpastes and public water supplies, can help to remineralize teeth and prevent decay. Good oral hygiene practices, such as brushing and flossing regularly, can also help to prevent demineralization by removing plaque and bacteria from the mouth.

Permanent dentition is the second and final set of teeth that humans grow during their lifetime. These teeth are also known as adult or secondary teeth and typically begin to erupt in the mouth around the age of 6 or 7 years old, with all permanent teeth usually present by the time a person reaches their late teens or early twenties.

There are 32 teeth in a complete set of permanent dentition, including 8 incisors, 4 canines, 8 premolars (also called bicuspids), and 12 molars (including 4 third molars or wisdom teeth). The primary function of permanent teeth is to help with biting, chewing, and grinding food into smaller pieces that are easier to swallow and digest. Proper care and maintenance of permanent teeth through good oral hygiene practices, regular dental checkups, and a balanced diet can help ensure their longevity and health throughout a person's life.

A dental restoration, permanent, is a type of dental treatment that involves the use of materials such as gold, silver amalgam, porcelain, or composite resin to repair and restore the function, form, and aesthetics of a damaged or decayed tooth. Unlike temporary restorations, which are meant to be replaced with a permanent solution, permanent restorations are designed to last for many years, if not a lifetime.

Examples of permanent dental restorations include:

1. Dental fillings: These are used to fill cavities caused by tooth decay. The decayed portion of the tooth is removed, and the resulting space is filled with a material such as amalgam, composite resin, or gold.
2. Inlays and onlays: These are similar to dental fillings but are made in a laboratory and then bonded to the tooth. They are used when there is not enough tooth structure left to support a filling.
3. Dental crowns: Also known as caps, these are used to cover and protect a tooth that has been damaged or weakened by decay, injury, or wear. The crown fits over the entire tooth, restoring its shape, size, and strength.
4. Dental bridges: These are used to replace one or more missing teeth. A bridge consists of one or more artificial teeth (pontics) that are held in place by crowns on either side.
5. Dental implants: These are used to replace missing teeth. An implant is a small titanium post that is surgically placed in the jawbone, where it functions as an anchor for a replacement tooth or bridge.

Permanent dental restorations are custom-made for each patient and require careful planning and preparation. They are designed to blend in with the surrounding teeth and provide a natural-looking appearance. With proper care and maintenance, these restorations can last for many years and help preserve the health and function of the teeth and mouth.

Anodontia is a medical term that refers to the congenital absence or lack of development of all primary (deciduous) and/or permanent teeth. It is a rare dental condition that affects tooth development and can be isolated or associated with various syndromes and genetic disorders.

In anodontia, the dental tissues responsible for forming teeth, including the dental lamina, dental papilla, and dental follicle, fail to develop properly, resulting in missing teeth. The condition can affect all teeth or only some of them, leading to partial anodontia.

Anodontia is different from hypodontia, which refers to the congenital absence of one or more, but not all, teeth. It is also distinct from oligodontia, which is the absence of six or more permanent teeth, excluding third molars (wisdom teeth).

People with anodontia may experience difficulties in chewing, speaking, and maintaining oral hygiene, leading to various dental and social problems. Prosthodontic treatments, such as dentures or implants, are often necessary to restore oral function and aesthetics.

Tooth preparation in prosthodontics refers to the process of altering the clinical crown of a tooth or teeth to receive a restoration, such as a crown, veneer, or bridge. This procedure involves removing a portion of the enamel and dentin to create a suitable foundation for the prosthetic device. The preparation aims to achieve proper retention, resistance form, and marginal fit, ensuring the successful integration and longevity of the restoration. The process may also include the management of tooth structure loss due to decay, trauma, or wear, and the establishment of harmonious occlusion with the opposing teeth.

The periodontal ligament, also known as the "PDL," is the soft tissue that connects the tooth root to the alveolar bone within the dental alveolus (socket). It consists of collagen fibers organized into groups called principal fibers and accessory fibers. These fibers are embedded into both the cementum of the tooth root and the alveolar bone, providing shock absorption during biting and chewing forces, allowing for slight tooth movement, and maintaining the tooth in its position within the socket.

The periodontal ligament plays a crucial role in the health and maintenance of the periodontium, which includes the gingiva (gums), cementum, alveolar bone, and the periodontal ligament itself. Inflammation or infection of the periodontal ligament can lead to periodontal disease, potentially causing tooth loss if not treated promptly and appropriately.

The alveolar process is the curved part of the jawbone (mandible or maxilla) that contains sockets or hollow spaces (alveoli) for the teeth to be embedded. These processes are covered with a specialized mucous membrane called the gingiva, which forms a tight seal around the teeth to help protect the periodontal tissues and maintain oral health.

The alveolar process is composed of both compact and spongy bone tissue. The compact bone forms the outer layer, while the spongy bone is found inside the alveoli and provides support for the teeth. When a tooth is lost or extracted, the alveolar process begins to resorb over time due to the lack of mechanical stimulation from the tooth's chewing forces. This can lead to changes in the shape and size of the jawbone, which may require bone grafting procedures before dental implant placement.

"Age determination by teeth" is a method used in forensic dentistry to estimate the age of an individual based on the development and wear of their teeth. This process involves examining various features such as tooth eruption, crown and root formation, and dental attrition or wear.

The developmental stages of teeth can provide a rough estimate of age during childhood and adolescence, while dental wear patterns can offer insights into an individual's age during adulthood. However, it is important to note that there can be significant variation in tooth development and wear between individuals, making this method somewhat imprecise.

In addition to forensic applications, age determination by teeth can also be useful in archaeology and anthropology for studying past populations and their lifestyles.

Media related to Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease at Wikimedia Commons Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease at Curlie (CS1 French-language ... Tooth HH (1886). The peroneal type of progressive muscular atrophy (MD thesis). London. "Charcot-Marie-Tooth Disease Fact Sheet ... "CMT2 - Types of Charcot-Marie-Tooth Disease (CMT) - Diseases". Muscular Dystrophy Association. 2015-12-23. Retrieved 2022-05-10 ... among other diseases. Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease is caused by genetic mutations that cause defects in neuronal proteins. Nerve ...
Classifications of Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease refers to the types and subtypes of Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease (CMT), a ... 1997). "New mutations in the X-linked form of Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease". European Neurology. 37 (1): 38-42. doi:10.1159/ ... April 2010). "Whole-genome sequencing in a patient with Charcot-Marie-Tooth neuropathy". The New England Journal of Medicine. ...
... is a group of genetic disorders and a type of Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease characterized by ... Overall, it is estimated that 10-15% of all cases of Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease come from X-linked Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease ... "Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease - Treatment". nhs.uk. 2018-10-03. Retrieved 2022-07-19. "Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease: MedlinePlus ... "X-linked Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease - About the Disease - Genetic and Rare Diseases Information Center". rarediseases.info.nih ...
"Autosomal dominant Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease type 2 with giant axons". "Autosomal dominant Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease type 2 ... Autosomal dominant Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease type 2 with giant axons is a rare subtype of hereditary motor and sensory ... "Orphanet: Autosomal dominant Charcot Marie Tooth disease type 2 with giant axons". www.orpha.net. Retrieved 2022-06-19. ( ... "Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease with giant axons: a clinicopathological and genetic entity". Neurology. 61 (7): 988-990. doi: ...
Charcot-Marie-Tooth (CMT) is the most frequent heritable disorder of the peripheral nervous system (a neuronal disease) and is ... Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease. It was shown that CMT-mutant glycyl-tRNA synthetase variants are still able to bind tRNA-gly but ... Diabetes, a metabolic disease, induces oxidative stress, which triggers a build up of mitochondrial tRNA mutations. It has also ... X-ray analysis of a native human tRNA synthetase whose allelic variants are associated with Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease". Acta ...
"Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease". Whonamedit?. Archived from the original on June 28, 2011. Retrieved April 12, 2011. Petrunkevitch ... Friedrich Schultze first describes the disorder that will become known as Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease. Among the papers on ... Robert Koch and Friedrich Loeffler formulate Koch's postulates on the causal relationship between microbes and diseases. ...
She began to study neuromuscular disease, in particular Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease. In 2004, she found that Vitamin C could be ... Reilly, Mary M.; Murphy, Sinéad M.; Laurá, Matilde (2011). "Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease". Journal of the Peripheral Nervous ... "MDA Funds Development of a Critical Biomarker for Charcot Marie Tooth Disease". Muscular Dystrophy Association. 9 July 2018. ... Muscular Dystrophy UK, Professor Mary Reilly talks about the development of treatments for Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease., ...
... the most-common subtype of motor neurone disease-also known as Lou Gehrig's disease) Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease (peripheral ... "Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease". Whonamedit.com. Archived from the original on 14 May 2011. Retrieved 16 October 2008. Lees AJ ( ... Charcot was among the first to describe Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease (CMT). The announcement was made simultaneously with Pierre ... The disease is also sometimes called peroneal muscular atrophy. Charcot's studies between 1868 and 1881 were a landmark in the ...
"Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease". Whonamedit?. Archived from the original on 14 May 2011. Retrieved 2011-04-12. Hunt, T. J.; ... The classic descriptions of Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease are published by Jean-Martin Charcot and his pupil Pierre Marie in ... Paris and by Howard H. Tooth in London. Dr Richard von Krafft-Ebing's Psychopathia Sexualis: eine Klinisch-Forensische Studie ...
"Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease and Tooth Erosion". International Journal of Dentistry. 2012: 479850. doi:10.1155/2012/479850. ... Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) or gastro-oesophageal reflux disease (GORD) is one of the upper gastrointestinal chronic ... October 2004). "There is no difference in the disease severity of gastro-oesophageal reflux disease between patients infected ... Granderath, Frank Alexander; Kamolz, Thomas; Pointner, Rudolph (2006). Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease: Principles of Disease, ...
Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease (CMTX2-3); disorder of nerves (neuropathy) that is characterized by loss of muscle tissue and touch ... Fabry disease; A lysosomal storage disease causing anhidrosis, fatigue, angiokeratomas, burning extremity pain and ocular ... "Diseases Treated at St. Jude". stjude.org. Archived from the original on 15 August 2007. Retrieved 3 May 2018. "Favism - Doctor ... It was once thought to be the "royal disease" found in the descendants of Queen Victoria. This is now known to have been ...
Alzheimer's disease (AD) Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS, Lou Gehrig's disease) Cancers Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease (CMT) ... coronary artery disease) and neoplastic diseases (e.g. cancers). Many degenerative diseases exist and some are related to aging ... Patzkó, Á; Shy, ME (2011). "Update on Charcot-Marie-Tooth Disease". Current Neurology and Neuroscience Reports. 11 (1): 78-88. ... An example of this is Alzheimer's disease. The other two common groups of degenerative diseases are those that affect ...
Symptoms are more severe and rapidly progressive than in the other more common Charcot-Marie-Tooth diseases. Some patients may ... Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease Bissonnette, Bruno; Luginbuehl, Igor; Engelhardt, Thomas (2019). Dejerine-Sottas Syndrome. New York ... March 2006). "Charcot-Marie-Tooth type 4F disease caused by S399fsx410 mutation in the PRX gene". Neurology. 66 (5): 745-7. doi ... and Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease type 3, is a hereditary neurological disorder characterized by damage to the peripheral nerves ...
Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease variant 1E, autoimmune disease, multiple sclerosis, meningitis, cholesteatoma, otosclerosis, ... McKusick VA, Kniffen CL (30 January 2012). "# 118300 CHARCOT-MARIE-TOOTH DISEASE AND DEAFNESS". Online Mendelian Inheritance in ... such as coronary heart disease, pulmonary disease, vision loss and hearing loss. Hearing loss can attribute to decrease in ... Huang CQ, Dong BR, Lu ZC, Yue JR, Liu QX (April 2010). "Chronic diseases and risk for depression in old age: a meta-analysis of ...
Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease or Friedrich's ataxia. The appearance of high arched feet in young children should be noted.[ ...
"HARCOT-MARIE-TOOTH DISEASE, DEMYELINATING, TYPE 1A; CMT1A". OMIM. Updated : 4/23/2014 Vyatkin, Alexey D.; Otnyukov, Danila V.; ... For example, dup(17p12) causes Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease type 1A. Gene duplication does not necessarily constitute a lasting ... variation leads to gene dosage dependent neurological disorders such as Rett-like syndrome and Pelizaeus-Merzbacher disease. ...
Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease variant 1E (CMT1E) is noted for demyelinating in addition to deafness. Autoimmune disease is ... McKusick VA, Kniffen CL (30 January 2012). "# 118300 CHARCOT-MARIE-TOOTH DISEASE AND DEAFNESS". Online Mendelian Inheritance in ... People with HIV/AIDS may develop hearing problems due to the disease itself, medications they take for the disease, or an ... Ménière's disease (endolymphatic hydrops) occurs when there is elevated pressure in the endolymph in the cochlea. Its symptoms ...
... is any condition of the teeth that can be congenital or acquired. Sometimes a congenital tooth disease is ... removing the infected tooth/teeth altogether. Medicine portal Oral medicine Oral and maxillofacial pathology Tongue disease " ... Wikimedia Commons has media related to Diseases and disorders of the human teeth. "Oral Health". National Institute of Dental ... Tooth pathology is usually separated from other types of dental issues, including enamel hypoplasia and tooth wear. Anodontia ...
It can help to prevent tooth decay and gum disease. Chew sticks are twigs or roots of certain plants that are chewed until one ... In Sanskrit, the tooth wood is known as the dantakastha-danta meaning tooth, and kastha, a piece of wood. It is twelve finger- ... "Neem tree as teeth cleaning twig". Batplants.co.uk. Retrieved 2011-01-17. "Natural twigs used as teeth cleaning twigs". ... a monk must chew a piece of tooth wood to brush his teeth and scrape his tongue, and this must be done in the proper way. Only ...
The main method of preventing tooth loss is prevention of oral diseases. Tooth loss can be due to tooth decay and gum disease. ... Tooth loss can occur secondary or concomitantly to many diseases. Diseases may cause periodontal disease or bone loss to prompt ... Tooth loss is a process in which one or more teeth come loose and fall out. Tooth loss is normal for deciduous teeth (baby ... tooth decay, and gum disease. The condition of being toothless or missing one or more teeth is called edentulism. Tooth loss ...
Teeth - promotes tooth or gum disease, decreases aesthetics; Living organisms - deposition of excess minerals (e.g., calcium, ... and even the development of plaque or calculus on teeth or deposits on solar panels on Mars, among other examples. This article ...
Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease type 2A (CMT2A) is caused by mutations in the MFN2 gene. MFN2 mutations are linked to neurological ... Cartoni R, Martinou JC (August 2009). "Role of mitofusin 2 mutations in the physiopathology of Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease type ... Cartoni R, Martinou JC (August 2009). "Role of mitofusin 2 mutations in the physiopathology of Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease type ... Filadi R, Pendin D, Pizzo P (February 2018). "Mitofusin 2: from functions to disease". Cell Death & Disease. 9 (3): 330. doi: ...
KARS Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease type 1A; 118220; PMP22 Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease type 1B; 118200; MPZ Charcot-Marie-Tooth ... LITAF Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease type 1D; 607678; EGR2 Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease type 1E; 118300; PMP22 Charcot-Marie-Tooth ... KIF1B Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease type 2A2; 609260; MFN2 Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease type 2B; 600882; RAB7 Charcot-Marie-Tooth ... LMNA Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease type 2B2; 605589; MED25 Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease type 2D; 601472; GARS Charcot-Marie-Tooth ...
Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease 4K (CMT4K) is an autosomal recessive, demyelinating form of Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease, a disorder ... Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease is classified in two main groups on the basis of electrophysiologic properties and histopathology: ... By convention, autosomal recessive forms of demyelinating Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease are designated CMT4. CMT4K patients ... and Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease 4K (CMT4K). SURF1 is located on the q arm of chromosome 9 in position 34.2 and has 9 exons. The ...
Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease Dejerine-Sottas disease Zubair, S.; Holland, N. R.; Beson, B.; Parke, J. T.; Prodan, C. I. (2008 ... are also associated with Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease type 1A and MPZ mutations are associated with Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease ... Thomas, P. K. (1999). "Overview of Charcot-Marie-Tooth Disease Type 1A". Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences. 883: 1-5. ... In common with other types of Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease, examination reveals decreased nerve conduction velocity and ...
Patel PI, Lupski JR (Apr 1994). "Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease: a new paradigm for the mechanism of inherited disease". Trends in ... "Compound heterozygous deletions of PMP22 causing severe Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease of the Dejerine-Sottas disease phenotype". ... Berger P, Young P, Suter U (2002). "Molecular cell biology of Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease". Neurogenetics. 4 (1): 1-15. doi: ... Li J, Parker B, Martyn C, Natarajan C, Guo J (2013). "The PMP22 gene and its related diseases". Molecular Neurobiology. 47 (2 ...
... heart disease, tooth decay, ulcers, and diabetes mellitus. Robert H. Lustig Seale Harris Sugar Blues, Amazon.com, accessed 23 ... Reach for a Lucky instead of a Sweet? Usually sugar in the mouth and on the enamel of teeth is said to feed bacteria that can ... This metabolic effect of sugar in the diet inhibits preservation of enamel by supply from tooth pulp, through dentin, to enamel ...
It can be associated with Focal segmental glomerulosclerosis and Charcot-Marie Tooth Disease. GRCh38: Ensembl release 89: ... "INF2 mutations in Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease with glomerulopathy". The New England Journal of Medicine. 365 (25): 2377-88. doi ...
Howard Henry Tooth, British neurologist - Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease. Carlos Torre Repetto - Torre Attack. Evangelista ... Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease Mariko Aoki, Japanese essayist - Mariko Aoki phenomenon. Giambattista Marino, Italian poet - ... Wilson's disease, Wilson disease protein Oliver Winchester, American inventor - Winchester rifle Caspar Wistar, American ... Robert Bayley Osgood, American physician and Carl B. Schlatter, Swiss physician - Osgood-Schlatter disease. Osman I, Turkish ...
Leber's hereditary optic neuropathy Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease Hagemoser; et al. (1989). "Optic atrophy, hearing loss, and ... Onset of the disease occurred in early childhood, as opposed to the later onset of similar diseases. Optic atrophy occurs in ... A possible autosomal recessive form of this disease was described in 1970 by Iwashita et al. ...
Tooth loss is preventable. Primary care providers can educate their patients with chronic diseases about their increased risk ... The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) cannot attest to the accuracy of a non-federal website. ... Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. CDC twenty four seven. Saving Lives, Protecting People ... Infographic: Water with Fluoride Builds a Foundation for Healthy Teeth. *Infographic: Water with Fluoride Builds a Foundation ...
... disease is the most common inherited neurologic disorder. CMT is characterized by inherited neuropathies without known ... This disease was referred to as Hoffman disease and later was known as Charcot-Marie-Tooth-Hoffman disease. ... encoded search term (Charcot-Marie-Tooth Disease) and Charcot-Marie-Tooth Disease What to Read Next on Medscape ... Early short-term PXT3003 combinational therapy delays disease onset in a transgenic rat model of Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease 1A ...
A bacterial infection at the tip of the tooth root usually occurs from an untreated dental cavity, an injury or prior dental ... Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. https://www.cdc.gov/oralhealth/basics/adult-oral-health/tips. Accessed April 20, ... In addition to examining your tooth and the area around it, your dentist may:. *Tap on your teeth. A tooth that has an abscess ... Pull the affected tooth. If the affected tooth cant be saved, your dentist will pull (extract) the tooth and drain the abscess ...
... were first described independently by Charcot and Marie in France and by Tooth in England. The heterogeneous nature and ... The inherited Charcot-Marie-Tooth peripheral neuropathies (CMT) ... disease type 1A?. What is Charcot-Marie-Tooth (CMT) disease ... Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease type 2B (CMT2B), Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease type 2D (CMT2D), Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease type 2E ( ... What is the pathophysiology of Charcot-Marie-Tooth (CMT) disease?. What is the prevalence of Charcot-Marie-Tooth (CMT) disease? ...
Media related to Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease at Wikimedia Commons Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease at Curlie (CS1 French-language ... Tooth HH (1886). The peroneal type of progressive muscular atrophy (MD thesis). London. "Charcot-Marie-Tooth Disease Fact Sheet ... "CMT2 - Types of Charcot-Marie-Tooth Disease (CMT) - Diseases". Muscular Dystrophy Association. 2015-12-23. Retrieved 2022-05-10 ... among other diseases. Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease is caused by genetic mutations that cause defects in neuronal proteins. Nerve ...
... including chipped teeth, cracked teeth, impacted teeth, hyperdontia, cavities, and stained teeth -- can be fixed. This WebMD ... Problems with your wisdom teeth can cause cavities, damage to neighboring teeth, and gum disease. Wisdom teeth generally come ... 5. Impacted Teeth. 5/15. An adult tooth that doesnt come in properly is "impacted." It usually happens when a tooth is stuck ... It could be cavities, worn tooth enamel or fillings, gum disease, fractured teeth, or exposed roots. Once your dentist figures ...
Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease (CMT) is a group of conditions also known as hereditary motor and sensory neuropathy. CMT develops ... What are the complications of Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease?. Charcot-Marie-Tooth is not a fatal disease, and most people live to ... What is Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease?. Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease is an inherited nerve defect that causes abnormalities in the ... How is Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease treated?. There is no cure for Charcot-Marie-Tooth, but these treatment options can help:. * ...
... Cancer. 1996 Apr 1;77(7):1356-62. doi: 10.1002/(SICI)1097- ... we investigated the possible association between the DNA rearrangement found in patients with Charcot-Marie-Tooth Disease Type ... Results: We describe three families with autosomal dominant CMT1, among whom a family member with a neoplastic disease suffered ...
Periodontal disease affects the teeth and gums and is caused by plaque and gingivitis, when food and bacteria accumulate. ... A medical toothpaste designed for animals to prevent tooth and gum disease. The enzymes help to reduce bacteria, tackling both ... Brushing your dogs teeth, with one of the best toothpastes for dogs (and best dog toothbrushes) is the most effective way to ... Plaque off! The best toothbrushes to support your dogs oral hygiene and banish dental disease ...
How to naturally cure tooth decay and gum disease ... How to naturally cure tooth decay and gum disease. Reprinting ... How to naturally cure tooth decay and gum disease. Thursday, December 18, 2014 by: Carolanne Wright. Tags: tooth decay, gum ... Although not considered an essential oil, many have had success in tightening loose teeth and reducing gum disease with emu oil ... Avoid sugary, carbohydrate-laden foods which encourage bacterial growth, tooth decay and gum disease. Good alternatives to ...
... Orphanet J Rare Dis. 2021 Feb 10;16(1):74. doi: 10.1186/ ... These tightly cluster in the C-terminal RING domain highlighting its importance in governing the CMT disease. The domain is ... Additionally, recent studies have linked LRSAM1 with other neurodegenerative diseases of peripheral and central nervous systems ...
I have had gum disease for some time, I had deep cleaning by my last... ... Like the others have said, dentists are used to seeing teeth that have fallen out, gum disease, wobbly teeth etc and are there ... Re: GUM DISEASE,FRONT TOOTH FELL OUT,TERRIFIED HEL. Many thanks Pam!. As you can see, I am not sleeping well at the moment ( ... Re: GUM DISEASE,FRONT TOOTH FELL OUT,TERRIFIED HEL. Jools, you are not a failure at all. You are very very brave because you ...
Within each category, a specific disease associated with a particular gene is assigned a letter (e.g., CMT1A, CMT1B, etc.) ... Choose from one of many volunteer opportunities and make a difference for people living with neuromuscular diseases. ... The genetic defects that cause Charcot-Marie-Tooth (CMT) often disrupt these interactions. ... About Charcot-Marie-Tooth Disease (CMT). *Types Of Charcot-Marie-Tooth Disease (CMT)*CMT1 ...
Gum disease can lead to deeper spaces around the teeth called periodontal pockets, and if untreated, these gum pockets could ... Vitamin B12 deficiency: Left untreated, gum disease caused by low levels could mean tooth loss (Image: Getty Images) ... is the distance between a persons gum tissue and their teeth which starts to widen in depth and is a major sign of gum disease ... If experiencing any warning signs of gum disease, such as bad breath, bleeding, red and swollen gums, or receding gum tissue, ...
If you wish to reuse any or all of this article please use the link below which will take you to the Copyright Clearance Centers RightsLink service. You will be able to get a quick price and instant permission to reuse the content in many different ways.. ...
Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease}} {{CMG}} ==Overview== Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease is a heterogeneous inherited disorder of ... Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease overview: Revision history. View logs for this page ... Retrieved from "https://www.wikidoc.org/index.php/Charcot-Marie-Tooth_disease_overview" ...
DTx Pharma Receives FDA Orphan Drug Designation for DTx-1252 for the Treatment of Charcot-Marie-Tooth Disease Type 1A (CMT1A) ... Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease (CMT) is one of the most common inherited nerve disorders. ... Using Medical Cannabis for Managing Pain in Charcot-Marie-Tooth Disease - Patient Reported Outcomes August 2, 2023 ... The New York Times recently published an article about those living with Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease. ...
Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease (CMT) is one of the most common inherited nerve disorders. ... and spreading the word about the effects of Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease ... hard to say goodbye to loved ones but we know they are with us daily as we continue our quest to cure Charcot-Marie-Tooth. HNF ... a donation to the Hereditary Neuropathy Foundation to help find treatments and cures for those living with Charcot-Marie-Tooth ...
Age, sex, and diseases were analyzed. Cardiac monitoring during tooth extraction was performed in 7077 elderly patients with ... Risk score can be used to rapidly determine risk for complications during tooth extraction. The Holter monitor is superior to ... hypertension and other chronic diseases, and the influence of various factors on safety of tooth extraction was evaluated. ... In analysis of factors influencing the safety of tooth extraction in the elderly, a significant difference was noted in ...
... is a rare neurological disease and one of the hereditary motor and sensory neuropathies of the peripheral nervous system. It is ... Reviewed By Ray Spotts Charcot-Marie Tooth - or CMT for short - ... The Link Between Charcot-Marie Tooth Disease And Enzymes. ... Charcot-Marie Tooth - or CMT for short - is a rare neurological disease and one of the hereditary motor and sensory ... When dentists and hygienists look at your teeth they also see early signs of certain diseases often before patients know they ...
Learn about diagnosis and specialist referrals for Autosomal dominant intermediate Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease. ... Living With the Disease. Find resources for patients and caregivers that address the challenges of living with a rare disease. ... Members of the medical team for Autosomal dominant intermediate Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease may include:. Primary care provider ... Autosomal dominant intermediate Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease. Other Names: CMTDICMTDI. Read More ...
Get free answers on any health question about the condition Mouth and tooth diseases from top U.S. doctors. Or, video or text ... I have gum disease front 4 teeth & 8 lost teeth from tooth decay. Dentist says its under control. Should I worry about getting ... If you have gum disease on one tooth or one area of the mouth, does the disease spread to other teeth? ... Why is charcot-marie disease called a tooth disease when it doesnt involve teeth? ...
Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease, Type 4C: CMT is an inherited neurological disease characterized by the gradual degeneration of ... Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease type 4C associated with myasthenia gravis: coincidental or a foreseeable association? ... Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease type 4C in Norway: Clinical characteristics, mutation spectrum and minimum prevalence ... Clinical spectrum and frequency of Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease in Italy: Data from the National CMT Registry ...
... shares biofilm-focused maintenance and disease treatment protocols that are appropriate for... ... Restoration and natural teeth maintenance Adult prophylaxis and periodontal disease maintenance *Place OptraGate (Ivoclar ... Based on the Ivoclar Vivadent Protect Teeth/Implants All Around Protocol Sheet by Susan Wingrove. © Susan Wingrove/Wingrove ... Peri-implant disease treatment Peri-implant mucositis: Inflammation of the soft tissues with no bone loss , 2 mm/early peri- ...
Tooth scaling is also known as a deep cleaning of the mouth to remove plaque and decay from the teeth in an effort to keep more ... Noted Beverly Hills Periodontist Comments on How Regular Tooth Scaling May Lessen the Risk of Cardiovascular Disease. ... Looking specifically at tooth scaling, a new report highlights that this assertion may be correct. The study revealed that ... Researchers tracked the subjects for an average of 7 years and determined that those who underwent a tooth scaling procedure ...
MOREIRA, Francine do Couto Lima e GONCALVES, Ilda Machado Fiuza. Natal teeth and Riga-Fede disease. RGO, Rev. gaúch. odontol. ( ... Generally, one or two teeth can appear in the mandibular incisor region and lead to Riga-Fede disease, which is characterized ... Clinical examination revealed two teeth in the mandibular central incisor region and Riga-Fede disease. Radiographs revealed ... but teeth 71 and 81. It was decided that they would remain in the oral cavity since they were the deciduous teeth and were well ...
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (U.S.) ; Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (U.S.) Less - ... Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (U.S.) ; Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (U.S.) ... 2011). Oral health : preventing cavities, gum disease, tooth loss, and oral cancers : at a glance 2011. National Center for ... "Oral health : preventing cavities, gum disease, tooth loss, and oral cancers : at a glance 2011" (2011). National Center for ...
Charcot-Marie-Tooth Disease. Rare Disease Name: Charcot-Marie-Tooth Disease. Support Organisation(s):. Charcot-Marie-Tooth ... Orphanet is a globally renowned portal for rare diseases and orphan drugs. The portal aims to provide high-quality information ... Islander people as the Traditional Owners of Country throughout Australia and as a priority population of the rare disease ... about rare diseases, and ensure equal access to knowledge for all stakeholders. ...
  • Periodontal disease affects the teeth and gums and is caused by plaque and gingivitis, when food and bacteria accumulate. (horseandhound.co.uk)
  • Don't overlook the power of food to keep teeth and gums strong. (naturalnews.com)
  • To keep gums healthy and disease-free, essential oils of tea tree, clove and manuka are hard to beat. (naturalnews.com)
  • If experiencing any warning signs of gum disease, such as bad breath, bleeding, red and swollen gums, or receding gum tissue, it's imperative to have your dental professional examine your mouth and to top up your B12 levels. (express.co.uk)
  • To have a pleasing smile, the shape, color, and texture of the gums is just as important as that of the teeth they frame. (1stgumdisease.com)
  • Without proper dental care the bacteria that are present in plaque can infect the gums (gingivitis) and destroy the bone and tissues that support the teeth in what is called periodontitis-- the leading cause of tooth loss and bad breath (halitosis) in adults. (akrondentures.org)
  • Scientists believe gum disease was far less prevalent 1,800 years ago because people in Roman Britain did not smoke and were virtually free of diabetes - two health factors which can inflame gums. (independent.co.uk)
  • However, while our Roman era ancestors had healthy gums their teeth were by no means perfect. (independent.co.uk)
  • When normal teeth cleaning is not enough to clean and restore the teeth and gums to health, more invasive procedures may be required. (dentalcareofpomona.com)
  • If you've ever brushed your teeth and found your gums a bit sore or even bleeding, one of the immediate 'oh no' thoughts is you might have gingivitis. (nine.com.au)
  • Being overly rough when brushing can 'physically scrub your gums away from your teeth and cause gum recession or tooth wear. (nine.com.au)
  • Having a soft toothbrush can help ensure you are gentle on your teeth and not being too hard on your gums. (nine.com.au)
  • Even if it's not high on your priority list, it's important to regularly visit a dentist to ensure your teeth and gums are healthy. (nine.com.au)
  • The clean will help maintain healthy gum levels, whilst checking and monitoring the health or your teeth and gums and picking up disease early before things get more serious,' Koh says. (nine.com.au)
  • Some of these bacteria can affect the teeth and gums. (straightmyteeth.com)
  • Plague can build up on the teeth and can cause irritation to the gums. (straightmyteeth.com)
  • Gums that recede or move away from the tooth can make the teeth loose and they may have to be removed with lot of pain and discomfort. (straightmyteeth.com)
  • Gums can bleed during and after brushing your teeth. (straightmyteeth.com)
  • Brushing your dog's teeth , with one of the best toothpastes for dogs (and best dog toothbrushes ) is the most effective way to prevent periodontal disease. (horseandhound.co.uk)
  • Gum disease can lead to deeper spaces around the teeth called periodontal pockets, and if untreated, these gum pockets could lead to tooth loss. (express.co.uk)
  • The periodontal disease is an inflammatory disease caused by the microorganisms in the bacterial plaque. (fatemehrazmjoo.com)
  • The tartar removal, the root planing (the removal of the plaque and the tartar from the teeth both above and below the gingival level) and the removal of local irritating causes that help the accumulation of plaque (like teeth fillings or artificial crowns), are fundamental to fight efficiently the periodontal disease. (fatemehrazmjoo.com)
  • Whether a tooth has been lost to periodontal disease , tooth decay, or trauma, one may be left with a cleft, an indentation, or uneven gum margins. (1stgumdisease.com)
  • Although sometimes it may still be necessary to do further periodontal plastic surgery procedures, these treatments can help maintain the space that was previously occupied by the tooth and prevent bone loss. (1stgumdisease.com)
  • Periodontal disease is a bacterial infection. (akrondentures.org)
  • Is periodontal disease contagious? (akrondentures.org)
  • Can you get periodontal disease by kissing someone who has it? (akrondentures.org)
  • The bacteria that inhabit the periodontal pockets are also present on the oral soft tissues, teeth, tongue and saliva. (akrondentures.org)
  • They can be transferred from one person to another through saliva, intimate kissing, sharing of food, utensils, or toothbrushes, and can result in exposure to saliva that contain the bacteria that cause periodontal disease. (akrondentures.org)
  • Based on these findings and the fact that periodontal disease has a genetic component, it is recommended that if one family member has periodontitis, all family members see a dental care professional or periodontist for a periodontal screening. (akrondentures.org)
  • Tobacco use in any form-cigarettes, pipes, and smokeless tobacco-raises your risk for periodontal disease . (cdc.gov)
  • With the growing consumption of tobacco in many low- and middle-income countries, the risk of periodontal disease, tooth loss and oral-cavity cancer is likely to increase. (who.int)
  • Oral health is a state of freedom from chronic mouth and facial pain, oral and throat cancer, oral sores, birth defects such as cleft lip and cleft palate, periodontal (gum) disease, tooth decay and tooth loss, and other diseases and disorders that affect the oral cavity. (who.int)
  • There are several types of Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease, which are differentiated by their effects on nerve cells and patterns of inheritance. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Within the various types of Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease, subtypes (such as CMT1A, CMT1B, CMT2A, CMT4A, and CMTX1) indicate different genetic causes. (medlineplus.gov)
  • There are several types of Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease. (msdmanuals.com)
  • Symptoms of Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease vary in severity and age of onset even among members of the same family. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Typically, the earliest symptoms of Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease result from muscle atrophy in the feet. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Tooth was the first to attribute symptoms correctly to neuropathy rather than to myelopathy, as physicians previously had done. (medscape.com)
  • Make a list of any symptoms you're experiencing, including any that may seem unrelated to your tooth or mouth pain. (mayoclinic.org)
  • Typically, a predilection exists for distal limbs as the site of disease onset and more severe symptoms and signs. (medscape.com)
  • Symptoms and progression of the disease can vary. (wikipedia.org)
  • What are the symptoms of Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease? (hopkinsmedicine.org)
  • Charcot-Marie-Tooth symptoms may vary from person to person, though they usually start in your feet and legs. (hopkinsmedicine.org)
  • If you have no family history of this disease, your healthcare provider may consider looking for other causes of your symptoms. (hopkinsmedicine.org)
  • Many diseases can show their first symptoms in the mouth and can be discovered through routine dental examinations. (trustedhealthproducts.com)
  • Tooth erosion (TE) is considered one of the symptoms of GERD. (chestnutdental.com)
  • BACKGROUND: Prophylactic removal of asymptomatic disease-free impacted wisdom teeth is the surgical removal of wisdom teeth in the absence of symptoms and with no evidence of local disease. (ru.nl)
  • The use of Ayurvedic herbs can help in the Charcot Marie Tooth Disease natural treatment and can prevent the sensory and motor symptoms caused due to the involvement of the nerves and muscles. (pureherbalayurved.com.au)
  • Ashwagandha can be used to treat the symptoms of CMT muscle disease such as weakness of muscles, and loss of nerve functions. (pureherbalayurved.com.au)
  • Having a vitamin B12 deficiency can increase your risk of a severe form of gum disease called periodontitis. (express.co.uk)
  • Tooth scaling is also known as a deep cleaning of the mouth to remove plaque and decay from the teeth in an effort to keep more serious problems like periodontitis at bay. (thetotalsmile.com)
  • Severe chronic gum disease, or periodontitis, results from an inflammatory response to the build-up of plaque and can cause tooth loss. (independent.co.uk)
  • By underlining the probable role of smoking, especially in determining the susceptibility to progressive periodontitis in modern populations, there is a real sign that the disease can be avoided. (independent.co.uk)
  • Impacted wisdom teeth may be associated with pathological changes, such as pericoronitis, root resorption, gum and alveolar bone disease (periodontitis), caries and the development of cysts and tumours. (ru.nl)
  • One prospective cohort study, reporting data from a subgroup of 416 healthy male participants, aged 24 to 84 years, compared the effects of the absence (previous removal or agenesis) against the presence of asymptomatic disease-free impacted wisdom teeth on periodontitis and caries associated with the distal aspect of the adjacent second molar during a follow-up period of three to over 25 years. (ru.nl)
  • periodontitis, gingivitis, and tooth resorption. (siamesekittykat.com)
  • If your Siamese has developed periodontitis, the tissues that attach the gum and teeth together begin to weaken due to bacteria and inflammation. (siamesekittykat.com)
  • Most people prefer to avoid tooth extraction, and dentists usually advise saving their patients' natural teeth whenever possible. (dr-amy.com)
  • We will fit the night guard specifically to the patient's teeth so it will not feel out of place and will blend in with your natural teeth. (drcathy-dentist.com)
  • If you want to save your natural teeth, avoid potential discomfort and prevent financial burdens, we offer the perfect solution to stop your teeth grinding. (drcathy-dentist.com)
  • One in 25 Australians over the age of 15 don't have their natural teeth. (nine.com.au)
  • Koh says 70 per cent of his patients have gum disease in some form, with one in 25 Australians over the age of 15 not having their natural teeth, according to Australian Institute of Health & Welfare. (nine.com.au)
  • Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (cdc.gov)
  • The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) cannot attest to the accuracy of a non-federal website. (cdc.gov)
  • All instruments are cleaned, disinfected and routinely sterilized as recommended by the American Dental Association and the Centers for Disease Control. (1stgumdisease.com)
  • It has been subdivided further on the basis of the genetic cause of the disease. (medscape.com)
  • With the advent of genetic testing , it is likely that all of the diseases currently falling under the heading of CMT syndrome will eventually become distinguishable. (medscape.com)
  • Although all routine laboratory tests are normal in individuals with CMT disease, special genetic tests are available for some types. (medscape.com)
  • Now a large and ever increasing number of genetic subtypes has been described, and major advances in molecular and cellular biology have clarified the understanding of the role of different proteins in the physiology of peripheral nerve conduction in health and in disease. (medscape.com)
  • Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease is caused by genetic mutations that cause defects in neuronal proteins. (wikipedia.org)
  • The genetic defects that cause Charcot-Marie-Tooth (CMT) often disrupt these interactions. (mda.org)
  • The genetic mutations of CMT are well understood, but the disease-causing mechanisms are still a mystery on a molecular and cellular level. (trustedhealthproducts.com)
  • For a phenotypic description and a discussion of genetic heterogeneity of autosomal dominant Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease type 1, see CMT1B ( OMIM ). (mendelian.co)
  • This article focuses on recent advances in Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease, in particular additions to the genetic spectrum, novel paradigms in molecular techniques and an update on therapeutic strategies. (qxmd.com)
  • When PMP22 is made twice as much as normal, it causes type 1A of genetic Charcot-Marie Tooth disease to develop. (biopharmanalyses.fr)
  • Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease encompasses a group of disorders called hereditary sensory and motor neuropathies that damage the peripheral nerves. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease is the most common inherited disorder that involves the peripheral nerves, affecting an estimated 150,000 people in the United States. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease is an inherited nerve defect that causes abnormalities in the nerves that supply your feet, legs, hands, and arms. (hopkinsmedicine.org)
  • Charcot-Marie-Tooth is considered a peripheral neuropathy because it affects nerves outside of your brain and spinal cord. (hopkinsmedicine.org)
  • Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease, Type 4C: CMT is an inherited neurological disease characterized by the gradual degeneration of nerves which starts in the hands and feet and results in progressive numbness, muscle weakness and loss of function. (checkorphan.org)
  • Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease affects nerves that control muscle movement and those that carry sensory information to the brain. (msdmanuals.com)
  • Grinding teeth wears down the tooth enamel and can also lead to decay, tooth sensitivities, exposed nerves, and ultimately tooth loss. (drcathy-dentist.com)
  • A night guard will cover the sensitive tooth nerves, preventing the upper and lower teeth from touching. (drcathy-dentist.com)
  • Charcot Marie Tooth disease or CMT is a common neurological disorder affecting the nerves and muscles. (pureherbalayurved.com.au)
  • It usually happens when a tooth is stuck against another tooth, bone, or soft tissue. (webmd.com)
  • Mobility of teeth is caused by disease or injury to the gum and the bone which supports the teeth. (oralcareindia.com)
  • Inflammation from the gingiva spread to the fibrous tissue between the teeth and bone and finally it hits the bone. (oralcareindia.com)
  • Inflammation and destruction of bone affects the foundation on which the teeth stands causing tooth mobility. (oralcareindia.com)
  • 3. A tumor of the bone, which causes destruction to the bony architecture, results in tooth mobility. (oralcareindia.com)
  • In severe cases, your tooth can become loose as your gum tissue and ligaments degenerate, and the bone that supports your teeth deteriorate. (dr-amy.com)
  • This happens because after a tooth is removed, the bone that was encasing it disintegrates and the gum around it collapses. (1stgumdisease.com)
  • These diseases include serious health conditions affecting the mouth and oral cavity, including oropharyngeal cancer, gum disease and recession, tooth decay, bone loss, failure of dental implants, canker sores, and stained teeth. (cdc.gov)
  • When the bone and the roots of the teeth are affected, a surgical intervention involving some gum incision may be necessary so that the dentist can plane the roots. (dentalcareofpomona.com)
  • The bone that surrounds and supports your teeth can be affected by the inflammation of the gum line. (straightmyteeth.com)
  • We describe three families with autosomal dominant CMT1, among whom a family member with a neoplastic disease suffered rapid onset, severe neuropathy after receiving initial doses of vincristine as a part of a routine chemotherapy protocol. (nih.gov)
  • Because the mouth can be a barometer for the condition of the body, researchers have been closely examining if maintaining good oral health can actually decrease a person's risk of more severe diseases and complications as they age. (thetotalsmile.com)
  • If your tooth decay becomes so severe that your tooth can no longer be saved, dental surgeons may recommend removing it. (dr-amy.com)
  • To make their findings, scientists examined 303 skulls from a Romano-British burial ground in Poundbury, Dorset and found that only 5 per cent showed signs of moderate to severe gum disease. (independent.co.uk)
  • Lead researcher Professor Francis Hughes, from King's College London's Dental Institute, said: "We were very struck by the finding that severe gum disease appeared to be much less common in the Roman British population than in modern humans, despite the fact that they did not use toothbrushes or visit dentists as we do today. (independent.co.uk)
  • Severe weakness and atrophy of the muscles of the hands can occur in the later stages of this disease. (pureherbalayurved.com.au)
  • If your Siamese is suffering from a severe case of gingivitis, brushing their teeth could be quite painful for them. (siamesekittykat.com)
  • The effect of treatment lasts for three weeks for severe forms and more than ten weeks for milder forms of the disease.This therapeutic strategy for hereditary peripheral neuropathies, developed entirely in France, is proof of concept for a new precision medicine based on siRNA normalization of the expression of an overexpressed gene. (biopharmanalyses.fr)
  • the key risk factors are poverty, severe malnutrition, unsafe drinking water, deplorable sanitary practices and such infectious diseases as measles, malaria, and HIV/AIDS. (who.int)
  • Around 3,600 people registered for this course to learn about this severe disease, have their capacity built on prevention and control of noma, and hopefully use that knowledge and skill on early detection and treatment at the primary care level. (who.int)
  • You get them when a sticky bacteria, called plaque, builds up on your teeth, slowly destroying the hard outer shell, called enamel . (webmd.com)
  • According to numerous studies -- and the work of Weston A. Price -- phytic acid (found in beans, grains, nuts and seeds) can be problematic for tooth enamel. (naturalnews.com)
  • If you must visit a dentist for a pressing problem, new laser technology has been developed that actually regrows tooth enamel, thereby completely bypassing the need for fillings. (naturalnews.com)
  • This occurs when bacteria in your mouth make acids that attack your enamel, which is the visible, outermost layer that covers your tooth. (dr-amy.com)
  • Dr. Mark Pelletier's Irmo, SC area office can effectively lighten your stained or discolored tooth enamel. (1stgumdisease.com)
  • Grinding teeth can wear down the tooth enamel and cause jaw pain. (drcathy-dentist.com)
  • Teeth grinding causes damage to the teeth enamel. (drcathy-dentist.com)
  • A night guard will protect the sensitive teeth and preserve the enamel. (drcathy-dentist.com)
  • Proponents of the method swear by the health benefits -- from a reduction in headaches and seasonal illness to a decrease in tooth caries and gingivitis. (naturalnews.com)
  • Gum disease generally starts as gingivitis. (dr-amy.com)
  • Eventually, the bacteria in the plaque will migrate towards the base of the tooth, causing the redness and swelling we call gingivitis. (siamesekittykat.com)
  • If gingivitis has been brought on by any of these diseases, your Siamese may develop a condition called stomatitis. (siamesekittykat.com)
  • This advanced dual-enzyme toothpaste combines two enzymes which fight plaque, bacteria and tartar build-up, to prevent bad breath and tooth decay. (horseandhound.co.uk)
  • Flossing helps remove plaque and food particles from between teeth and under the gum line. (akrondentures.org)
  • This dental procedure is also known as oral prophylaxis, dental cleaning or dental scaling, and it involves the cleaning of the teeth surface to remove adherent plaque, whether hard or soft. (dentalcareofpomona.com)
  • The dentist explains gum disease is caused by the buildup or plaque that can calcify and cause dental decays. (nine.com.au)
  • Brushing your teeth is important to remove plaque and bacteria that builds up outside and inside your teeth. (nine.com.au)
  • This physically removes the plaque on your teeth to reduce the bacteria available that can cause gum disease and tooth decay,' Koh explains. (nine.com.au)
  • Same as in your mouth, you need to scrub and remove the plaque and bacteria that is firmly attached to your teeth and won't just simply rinse off. (nine.com.au)
  • When the plaque on the teeth hardens, it then turns into tartar. (siamesekittykat.com)
  • However, even for CMT1 a heated debate has focused on the relative contribution of axonal versus demyelinative damage to the disease manifestations and progression. (medscape.com)
  • Prolonged decay and tooth damage from grinding the teeth will cause more money spent on complex procedures to repair the damage. (drcathy-dentist.com)
  • Charcot-Marie Tooth - or CMT for short - is a rare neurological disease and one of the hereditary motor and sensory neuropathies of the peripheral nervous system. (trustedhealthproducts.com)
  • Tooth loss is preventable. (cdc.gov)
  • Primary care providers can educate their patients with chronic diseases about their increased risk for tooth loss, and screen and refer them for dental care. (cdc.gov)
  • Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease (CMT) is a hereditary motor and sensory neuropathy of the peripheral nervous system characterized by progressive loss of muscle tissue and touch sensation across various parts of the body. (wikipedia.org)
  • Loss of touch sensation in the feet, ankles, and legs as well as in the hands, wrists, and arms occurs with various types of the disease. (wikipedia.org)
  • What to spot to help treat your low B12 levels before it may lead to tooth loss? (express.co.uk)
  • According to the data, there is an inverse association with baseline vitamin B12 and changes in mean pocket depth, mean clinical attachment loss, and risk ratios of tooth loss over time. (express.co.uk)
  • Subjects in the lowest vitamin B12 quartile had a 0.10 mm greater increase in mean pocket depth, a 0.23 mm greater increase in mean clinical attachment loss, and a relative risk of 1.57 for tooth loss compared to subjects in the highest quartile. (express.co.uk)
  • Since there was no loss of function, the researchers wanted to find out how these mutated enzymes were implicated in disease, and to do so, they looked at shape rather than function using biochemical and biophysical analysis tools. (trustedhealthproducts.com)
  • Title : Oral health : preventing cavities, gum disease, tooth loss, and oral cancers : at a glance 2011 Corporate Authors(s) : National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion (U.S.). Division of Oral Health. (cdc.gov)
  • Scientists are reporting identification of two substances in licorice - used extensively in Chinese traditional medicine - that kill the major bacteria responsible for tooth decay and gum disease, the leading causes of tooth loss in children and adults. (oralhealthgroup.com)
  • It often takes years for tooth decay to progress to the point of tooth loss. (dr-amy.com)
  • Although a temporary (provisional) tooth replacement can be made at the time of tooth loss, the final restoration should not be fabricated until after six to eight weeks of gum healing. (1stgumdisease.com)
  • Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease type 1B (CMT1B) is a form of CMT1 (see this term) caused by mutations in the MPZ gene (1q22) that presents with the manifestations of peripheral neuropathy (distal muscle weakness and atrophy foot deformities and sensory loss). (globalgenes.org)
  • Visit CDC's Smoking, Gum Disease, and Tooth Loss and the American Dental Association's (ADA) Tobacco Use and Cessation external icon pages for more information about the oral health impacts of tobacco use. (cdc.gov)
  • If teeth are not extracted, this is a very painful disease and can lead to death via poor mastication of food and subsequent weight loss. (myrtlebeachequineclinic.com)
  • When the tissue has weakened, it may lead to tooth loss. (siamesekittykat.com)
  • In several high-income countries with preventive oral-care programmes prevalence of dental caries in children and tooth loss among adults has dropped. (who.int)
  • Yet oral diseases, such as dental caries, gum diseases, and tooth loss, are the most widespread globally and regionally when most oral diseases are preventable. (who.int)
  • We can help prevent damage to your teeth and set you on track for a lifetime of quality oral health. (drcathy-dentist.com)
  • The length of time that a teeth cleaning procedure should cover will depend on the oral health condition of the patient. (dentalcareofpomona.com)
  • The current pattern of oral disease reflects distinct risk profiles across countries related to living conditions, behavioural and environmental factors, oral health systems and implementation of schemes to prevent oral disease. (who.int)
  • In high-income countries, the burden of oral disease has been tackled through the establishment of advanced oral-health systems which offer primarily curative services to patients. (who.int)
  • Promotion of oral health is a cost-effective strategy to reduce the burden of oral disease and maintain oral health and quality of life. (who.int)
  • Some high-income countries have built national capacities in oral-health promotion and oral-disease prevention over the past decades, mostly as isolated components of national health programmes. (who.int)
  • Based on the regional summary of the WHO Global Oral Health Status Report in 2022 among WHO's six regions, our region has experienced the largest increase in the number of major oral disease cases in the previous 30 years. (who.int)
  • To address these challenges, countries, WHO, and partners should unite, follow, and implement the Regional and Global strategies on oral health , which guide countries to address oral diseases, as part of non-communicable diseases (NCDs) prevention and control towards universal health coverage (UHC). (who.int)
  • To test whether the sweet root could combat the bacteria that cause gum disease and cavities, the researchers took a closer look at various substances in licorice. (oralhealthgroup.com)
  • These substances killed two of the major bacteria responsible for dental cavities and two of the bacteria that promote gum disease. (oralhealthgroup.com)
  • In some cases, grinding the teeth may even cause gum recession and migraines. (drcathy-dentist.com)
  • In a study in ACS' Journal of Natural Products , they say that these substances could have a role in treating and preventing tooth decay and gum disease. (oralhealthgroup.com)
  • CMT disease is a heterogeneous group of genetically distinct disorders with similar clinical presentations. (medscape.com)
  • CMT is a heterogeneous disease and the mutations linked to it may occur in a number of different genes. (wikipedia.org)
  • Adults can also have problems with tooth decay at the gum line and around the edges of earlier fillings. (webmd.com)
  • This can help get rid of the infection and save your tooth. (mayoclinic.org)
  • If the affected tooth can't be saved, your dentist will pull (extract) the tooth and drain the abscess to get rid of the infection. (mayoclinic.org)
  • But if the infection has spread to nearby teeth, your jaw or other areas, your dentist will likely prescribe antibiotics to stop it from spreading further. (mayoclinic.org)
  • 1. Infection: when there is accumulation of food debris and bacteria on the tooth. (oralcareindia.com)
  • This disease affects the periodontium, the structures that surround the tooth and keep it sealed to the tooth. (fatemehrazmjoo.com)
  • Avoid sugary, carbohydrate-laden foods which encourage bacterial growth, tooth decay and gum disease. (naturalnews.com)
  • Bacterial growth that gradually destroy the tissue surrounding and supporting the teeth can lead to gum disease problems. (straightmyteeth.com)
  • One of the main lines of WHO's global strategy for the prevention and control of chronic noncommunicable diseases is to reduce the level of exposure to major risk factors. (who.int)
  • Prevention of oral disease needs to be integrated with that of chronic diseases on the basis of common risk factors. (who.int)
  • Thus, the NHP includes the national strategy for prevention of drug addiction until year 2012, national strategy for tuberculosis control for years 2008 to 2012, national strategy for prevention of cardiovascular diseases for years 2005 to 2020 and national HIV and AIDS strategy for years 2006 to 2015. (who.int)
  • Type X Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease (CMTX) is caused by mutations in genes on the X chromosome, one of the two sex chromosomes. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Mutations on more than 90 genes have been positively linked to the disorder - and a patient needs just one of those mutations for the disease to emerge. (trustedhealthproducts.com)
  • Charcot Marie Tooth disease is basically a sensory motor neuropathy, which occurs due to the mutations in some genes. (pureherbalayurved.com.au)
  • Most dentist recommend crowns for cracked teeth to prevent the crack from worsening. (webmd.com)
  • When neuropathic pain is present as a symptom of CMT, it is comparable to that seen in other peripheral neuropathies, as well as postherpetic neuralgia and complex regional pain syndrome, among other diseases. (wikipedia.org)
  • Make a donation to the Hereditary Neuropathy Foundation to help find treatments and cures for those living with Charcot-Marie-Tooth and Inherited Neuropathies. (hnf-cure.org)
  • PMP22-Related neuropathies and other clinical manifestations in Chinese han patients with charcot-marie-tooth disease type 1. (bvsalud.org)
  • Hereditary Neuropathy Foundation (HNF) is a non-profit 501(c)3 organization which mission is to increase awareness and accurate diagnosis of Charcot-Marie-Tooth (CMT) and related inherited neuropathies, support patients and families with critical information to improve quality of life, and fund research that will lead to treatments and cures. (globalgenes.org)
  • Pocket depth is the distance between a person's gum tissue and their teeth which starts to widen in depth and is a major sign of gum disease. (express.co.uk)
  • Physical assault, sports injury, or vehicular accident can cause fractures to a person's tooth or tooth root. (dr-amy.com)
  • All large-scale trials studying the effect of ascorbic acid in Charcot-Marie-Tooth 1A have now been completed and were negative. (qxmd.com)
  • Each of these conditions can vary in severity and like most diseases, are much more treatable when identified quickly. (siamesekittykat.com)
  • This study aimed to evaluate the safety of tooth extraction in elderly patients with cardiovascular diseases. (medscimonit.com)
  • A total of 13 527 patients underwent tooth extraction at the Affiliated Ninth People's Hospital of Shanghai Jiaotong University. (medscimonit.com)
  • Cardiac monitoring during tooth extraction was performed in 7077 elderly patients with hypertension and other chronic diseases, and the influence of various factors on safety of tooth extraction was evaluated. (medscimonit.com)
  • In analysis of factors influencing the safety of tooth extraction in the elderly, a significant difference was noted in systolic blood pressure at different time points. (medscimonit.com)
  • Hypertension was the most common comorbidity in elderly patients undergoing tooth extraction, followed by coronary heart disease and arrhythmia. (medscimonit.com)
  • Risk score can be used to rapidly determine risk for complications during tooth extraction. (medscimonit.com)
  • The Holter monitor is superior to the general monitor in identifying cardiovascular events in high-risk elderly patients undergoing tooth extraction, and can be used in this population. (medscimonit.com)
  • There are various reasons for tooth extraction. (dr-amy.com)
  • Tooth decay, which refers to damage to a tooth's surface, is the most common cause of tooth extraction worldwide. (dr-amy.com)
  • Tooth extraction due to tooth decay can be avoided if you visit your dentist regularly for cleaning and examination. (dr-amy.com)
  • If the damage is irreparable, tooth extraction may be necessary. (dr-amy.com)
  • If you have impacted teeth, meaning your teeth have not or only partially erupted beyond the gum line, tooth extraction may be included in your dental surgeon's treatment plan. (dr-amy.com)
  • The key to avoiding tooth extraction is taking good care of your teeth. (dr-amy.com)
  • If this was not feasible, ridge augmentation can be done to improve esthetics after tooth extraction. (1stgumdisease.com)
  • Extraction of all affected teeth. (myrtlebeachequineclinic.com)
  • Most horses with painful incisors have already learned to grab their feed without using the affected teeth and cope very well after full extraction. (myrtlebeachequineclinic.com)
  • OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effects of removal compared with retention (conservative management) of asymptomatic disease-free impacted wisdom teeth in adolescents and adults. (ru.nl)
  • SELECTION CRITERIA: We included randomised controlled trials (RCTs), with no restriction on length of follow-up, comparing removal (or absence) with retention (or presence) of asymptomatic disease-free impacted wisdom teeth in adolescents or adults. (ru.nl)
  • More than 16 million US adults are living with a disease caused by cigarette smoking. (cdc.gov)
  • In 2011-2016, 43% of adults over 65 who currently smoke cigarettes had lost all their teeth , compared to just 12% of those who never smoked cigarettes. (cdc.gov)
  • Among adults aged 20-64 years, over 40% who currently smoke cigarettes had untreated tooth decay. (cdc.gov)
  • Among adults aged 65 and over, 34% who were currently smoking cigarettes had untreated tooth decay. (cdc.gov)
  • The process of getting a rare disease diagnosis can take several years. (nih.gov)
  • in others (eg, certain cases of Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease type 1A (CMT1A) and inherited brachial plexus neuropathy [IBPN]/hereditary neuralgic amyotrophy [HNA]), proximal weakness predominates. (medscape.com)
  • In a retrospective case series, we investigated the possible association between the DNA rearrangement found in patients with Charcot-Marie-Tooth Disease Type 1A (CMT1A) and susceptibility to the neurotoxicity of vincristine. (nih.gov)
  • We have generated a transgenic rat model of this disease and provide experimental evidence that CMT1A is caused by increased expression of the gene for peripheral myelin protein-22 (PMP22, gas-3). (mpg.de)
  • Most cases of Charcot-Marie- Tooth (CMT) disease are caused by mutations in the peripheral myelin protein 22 gene (PMP22), including heterozygous duplications (CMT1A), deletions (HNPP), and point mutations (CMT1E). (bvsalud.org)
  • Early detection of these diseases, which include diabetes, leukemia and oral cancers, can improve treatment outcomes. (trustedhealthproducts.com)
  • In addition, gum disease has been linked to more serious health threats such as diabetes, cardiovascular disease, respiratory disease, and pre-term, low-birthweight babies. (akrondentures.org)
  • Gum disease increases inflammation in your body and can make you more susceptible to conditions like diabetes and bowel disease. (nine.com.au)
  • Oral diseases can be prevented by addressing common risk factors, such as the use of tobacco and alcohol, and an unhealthy diet with other NCDs, such as diabetes and cancers. (who.int)
  • Howard Henry Tooth (1856-1926) described the same disease in his Cambridge dissertation in 1886, calling the condition peroneal progressive muscular atrophy. (medscape.com)
  • It is named after those who classically described it: the Frenchman Jean-Martin Charcot (1825-1893), his pupil Pierre Marie (1853-1940), and the Briton Howard Henry Tooth (1856-1925). (wikipedia.org)
  • When dentists and hygienists look at your teeth they also see early signs of certain diseases often before patients know they have them. (trustedhealthproducts.com)
  • However, investing in a night guard can save patients more money and save the health of their teeth. (drcathy-dentist.com)
  • Patients with CMT nerve disease can follow ayurvedic oils treatments to minimize pain and improve the muscle coordination and nerve functions. (pureherbalayurved.com.au)
  • Bien que les soins de santé bucco-dentaire aient été déclarés comme faisant partie du système de soins de santé primaires, les disparités en matière de santé bucco-dentaire entre riches et pauvres, et les nouveaux problèmes d'accès et de recours aux soins appropriés n'ont jamais été traités, ce qui démontre un manque de prise de conscience des patients et des décideurs du domaine des systèmes de santé. (who.int)
  • Another tooth- and gum-friendly habit is found by brushing with a mineral-rich toothpaste. (naturalnews.com)
  • We can perform professional cleanings and examinations, while you keep your teeth healthy by brushing at home. (drcathy-dentist.com)
  • You can prevent gum disease by maintaining good oral hygiene everyday in the form of brushing and flossing. (straightmyteeth.com)
  • Just like us humans, the best way to prevent any sort of dental disease is by brushing the teeth often. (siamesekittykat.com)
  • Weakness in the hands and forearms occurs in many people as the disease progresses. (wikipedia.org)
  • This disease usually eventually progresses to all of the affected type of teeth (i.e., all of the incisors, all of the canines). (myrtlebeachequineclinic.com)
  • To do this, your dentist drills down into your tooth, removes the diseased central tissue (pulp) and drains the abscess. (mayoclinic.org)
  • Can your dentist save the tooth? (webmd.com)
  • My husband is lovely but can't understand why I won't smile and am so fearful of the dentist, I just hate the smell, the instruments and the look of disgust, which in my mind will be evident when he/she sees my awful teeth. (dentalfearcentral.org)
  • The dentist makes use of scalers that are shaped in such a way so that it can scrape through the deeper areas along the curvatures of the teeth. (dentalcareofpomona.com)
  • During a teeth cleaning procedure, the dentist will be scaling through the subgingival space and may touch or sever some fibrous tissue. (dentalcareofpomona.com)
  • The dentist recommends flossing at least once a day to ensure you are removing as much bad bacteria from your teeth as regularly as possible. (nine.com.au)
  • Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease usually becomes apparent in adolescence or early adulthood, but onset may occur anytime from early childhood through late adulthood. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Early- and late-onset forms occur with 'on and off' painful spasmodic muscular contractions that can be disabling when the disease activates. (wikipedia.org)
  • but some of the treatment procedures can be preventive in nature, so they are performed in an effort to avoid the onset of oral disease. (dentalcareofpomona.com)
  • 3. The tissues around a mobile tooth are invariable red, swollen and damaged. (oralcareindia.com)
  • When left untreated, gum disease can be just as harmful to your teeth as tooth decay. (dr-amy.com)
  • America's Friendliest Marathon," held in Richmond, VA this past weekend, included some important friends of the Hereditary Neuropathy Foundation who ran to raise awareness of Charcot-Marie-Tooth and to generate funds for research to find a cure. (hnf-cure.org)
  • Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease is a hereditary neuropathy in which the muscles of the lower legs become weak and waste away (atrophy). (msdmanuals.com)
  • Have you had any recent trauma to your teeth or any recent dental work? (mayoclinic.org)
  • Foods, medications, tobacco, and trauma are some of the things that can discolor your teeth. (webmd.com)
  • Generally, one or two teeth can appear in the mandibular incisor region and lead to Riga-Fede disease, which is characterized by an ulcer on the ventral surface of the tongue caused by the trauma due to this early tooth, affecting the child's ability to suckle. (bvsalud.org)
  • If external trauma causes your tooth to break, there may no longer be sufficient dental structure to which a dental crown or other tooth restoration options can be attached. (dr-amy.com)
  • Other reasons to justify prophylactic removal of asymptomatic disease-free impacted third molars have included preventing late lower incisor crowding, preventing damage to adjacent structures such as the second molar or the inferior alveolar nerve, in preparation for orthognathic surgery, in preparation for radiotherapy or during procedures to treat people with trauma to the affected area. (ru.nl)
  • Globally, the greatest burden of oral diseases lies on disadvantaged and poor populations. (who.int)
  • The burden of oral diseases has high social, economic, and health systems consequences and reflects significant inequalities. (who.int)
  • Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of lower-limb muscles may be used to follow disease progression. (medscape.com)
  • No treatment can stop the progression of the disease, but the use of braces and physical and occupational therapy may help people function better. (msdmanuals.com)
  • CheckOrphan is a non-profit organization located in Basel, Switzerland and Santa Cruz, California that is dedicated to rare, orphan and neglected diseases. (checkorphan.org)
  • Orphanet is a globally renowned portal for rare diseases and orphan drugs. (rarevoices.org.au)
  • Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease is a sensory and motor neuropathy. (msdmanuals.com)
  • Do you notice them pulling away from your teeth? (webmd.com)
  • Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease (CMT) is the most common inherited neuropathy in humans and has been associated with a partial duplication of chromosome 17 (CMT type 1A). (mpg.de)
  • Cmt1d Is also known as hmsn id, hmsn1d, hereditary motor and sensory neuropathy 1d, charcot-marie-tooth neuropathy, type 1d. (mendelian.co)
  • Charcot-Marie-Tooth is the most common form of inherited peripheral neuropathy and represents the most prevalent hereditary neuromuscular disorder. (qxmd.com)
  • Routine Dental CareRoutine dental care is important for a healthy set of teeth. (drcathy-dentist.com)
  • Meanwhile, it can help to rinse your mouth with warm water, floss to remove food caught between teeth, and take an over-the-counter pain reliever. (webmd.com)
  • To prevent it, brush your teeth at least twice a day with a fluoride toothpaste, limit snacks, floss daily, rinse with a fluoride mouthwash, and keep up with your dental appointments. (webmd.com)
  • Looking for a 100% all-natural liquid tooth oil and mouth rinse? (trustedhealthproducts.com)