The tip or terminal end of the root of a tooth. (Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p62)
One of a set of bone-like structures in the mouth used for biting and chewing.
The failure to retain teeth as a result of disease or injury.
The collective tissues from which an entire tooth is formed, including the DENTAL SAC; ENAMEL ORGAN; and DENTAL PAPILLA. (From Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992)
The teeth of the first dentition, which are shed and replaced by the permanent teeth.
The upper part of the tooth, which joins the lower part of the tooth (TOOTH ROOT) at the cervix (TOOTH CERVIX) at a line called the cementoenamel junction. The entire surface of the crown is covered with enamel which is thicker at the extremity and becomes progressively thinner toward the cervix. (From Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p216)
The part of a tooth from the neck to the apex, embedded in the alveolar process and covered with cementum. A root may be single or divided into several branches, usually identified by their relative position, e.g., lingual root or buccal root. Single-rooted teeth include mandibular first and second premolars and the maxillary second premolar teeth. The maxillary first premolar has two roots in most cases. Maxillary molars have three roots. (Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p690)
The emergence of a tooth from within its follicle in the ALVEOLAR PROCESS of the MAXILLA or MANDIBLE into the ORAL CAVITY. (Boucher's Clinical Dental Terminology, 4th ed)
An extra tooth, erupted or unerupted, resembling or unlike the other teeth in the group to which it belongs. Its presence may cause malposition of adjacent teeth or prevent their eruption.
Congenital absence of or defects in structures of the teeth.
Loss of the tooth substance by chemical or mechanical processes
The surgical removal of a tooth. (Dorland, 28th ed)
A tooth from which the dental pulp has been removed or is necrotic. (Boucher, Clinical Dental Terminology, 4th ed)
The most posterior teeth on either side of the jaw, totaling eight in the deciduous dentition (2 on each side, upper and lower), and usually 12 in the permanent dentition (three on each side, upper and lower). They are grinding teeth, having large crowns and broad chewing surfaces. (Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p821)
A tooth that is prevented from erupting by a physical barrier, usually other teeth. Impaction may also result from orientation of the tooth in an other than vertical position in the periodontal structures.
Any change in the hue, color, or translucency of a tooth due to any cause. Restorative filling materials, drugs (both topical and systemic), pulpal necrosis, or hemorrhage may be responsible. (Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p253)
Any of the eight frontal teeth (four maxillary and four mandibular) having a sharp incisal edge for cutting food and a single root, which occurs in man both as a deciduous and a permanent tooth. (Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p820)
A normal developing tooth which has not yet perforated the oral mucosa or one that fails to erupt in the normal sequence or time interval expected for the type of tooth in a given gender, age, or population group.
The constricted part of the tooth at the junction of the crown and root or roots. It is often referred to as the cementoenamel junction (CEJ), the line at which the cementum covering the root of a tooth and the enamel of the tooth meet. (Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p530, p433)
The process of TOOTH formation. It is divided into several stages including: the dental lamina stage, the bud stage, the cap stage, and the bell stage. Odontogenesis includes the production of tooth enamel (AMELOGENESIS), dentin (DENTINOGENESIS), and dental cementum (CEMENTOGENESIS).
A hard thin translucent layer of calcified substance which envelops and protects the dentin of the crown of the tooth. It is the hardest substance in the body and is almost entirely composed of calcium salts. Under the microscope, it is composed of thin rods (enamel prisms) held together by cementing substance, and surrounded by an enamel sheath. (From Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p286)
The third tooth to the left and to the right of the midline of either jaw, situated between the second INCISOR and the premolar teeth (BICUSPID). (Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p817)
Physiologic loss of the primary dentition. (Zwemer, Boucher's Clinical Dental Terminology, 4th ed)
Partial or complete displacement of a tooth from its alveolar support. It is commonly the result of trauma. (From Boucher's Clinical Dental Terminology, 4th ed, p312)
Two teeth united during development by the union of their tooth germs; the teeth may be joined by the enamel of their crowns, by their root dentin, or by both.
Measurement of tooth characteristics.
One of the eight permanent teeth, two on either side in each jaw, between the canines (CUSPID) and the molars (MOLAR), serving for grinding and crushing food. The upper have two cusps (bicuspid) but the lower have one to three. (Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p822)
A richly vascularized and innervated connective tissue of mesodermal origin, contained in the central cavity of a tooth and delimited by the dentin, and having formative, nutritive, sensory, and protective functions. (Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992)
The process whereby calcium salts are deposited in the dental enamel. The process is normal in the development of bones and teeth. (Boucher's Clinical Dental Terminology, 4th ed, p43)
Solid fixation of a tooth resulting from fusion of the cementum and alveolar bone, with obliteration of the periodontal ligament. It is uncommon in the deciduous dentition and very rare in permanent teeth. (Jablonski's Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992)
One of a pair of irregularly shaped bones that form the upper jaw. A maxillary bone provides tooth sockets for the superior teeth, forms part of the ORBIT, and contains the MAXILLARY SINUS.
Progressive loss of the hard substance of a tooth by chemical processes that do not involve bacterial action. (Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p296)
A hollow part of the alveolar process of the MAXILLA or MANDIBLE where each tooth fits and is attached via the periodontal ligament.
The hard portion of the tooth surrounding the pulp, covered by enamel on the crown and cementum on the root, which is harder and denser than bone but softer than enamel, and is thus readily abraded when left unprotected. (From Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992)
A treatment modality in endodontics concerned with the therapy of diseases of the dental pulp. For preparatory procedures, ROOT CANAL PREPARATION is available.
Reinsertion of a tooth into the alveolus from which it was removed or otherwise lost.
Resorption of calcified dental tissue, involving demineralization due to reversal of the cation exchange and lacunar resorption by osteoclasts. There are two types: external (as a result of tooth pathology) and internal (apparently initiated by a peculiar inflammatory hyperplasia of the pulp). (From Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p676)
Localized destruction of the tooth surface initiated by decalcification of the enamel followed by enzymatic lysis of organic structures and leading to cavity formation. If left unchecked, the cavity may penetrate the enamel and dentin and reach the pulp.
The largest and strongest bone of the FACE constituting the lower jaw. It supports the lower teeth.
The teeth collectively in the dental arch. Dentition ordinarily refers to the natural teeth in position in their alveoli. Dentition referring to the deciduous teeth is DENTITION, PRIMARY; to the permanent teeth, DENTITION, PERMANENT. (From Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992)
The space in a tooth bounded by the dentin and containing the dental pulp. The portion of the cavity within the crown of the tooth is the pulp chamber; the portion within the root is the pulp canal or root canal.
A tooth's loss of minerals, such as calcium in hydroxyapatite from the tooth matrix, caused by acidic exposure. An example of the occurrence of demineralization is in the formation of dental caries.
The 32 teeth of adulthood that either replace or are added to the complement of deciduous teeth. (Boucher's Clinical Dental Terminology, 4th ed)
A restoration designed to remain in service for not less than 20 to 30 years, usually made of gold casting, cohesive gold, or amalgam. (Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992)
The dense rock-like part of temporal bone that contains the INNER EAR. Petrous bone is located at the base of the skull. Sometimes it is combined with the MASTOID PROCESS and called petromastoid part of temporal bone.
Congenital absence of the teeth; it may involve all (total anodontia) or only some of the teeth (partial anodontia, hypodontia), and both the deciduous and the permanent dentition, or only teeth of the permanent dentition. (Dorland, 27th ed)
The thickest and spongiest part of the maxilla and mandible hollowed out into deep cavities for the teeth.
The bonelike rigid connective tissue covering the root of a tooth from the cementoenamel junction to the apex and lining the apex of the root canal, also assisting in tooth support by serving as attachment structures for the periodontal ligament. (Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992)
Death of pulp tissue with or without bacterial invasion. When the necrosis is due to ischemia with superimposed bacterial infection, it is referred to as pulp gangrene. When the necrosis is non-bacterial in origin, it is called pulp mummification.
The selected form given to a natural tooth when it is reduced by instrumentation to receive a prosthesis (e.g., artificial crown or a retainer for a fixed or removable prosthesis). The selection of the form is guided by clinical circumstances and physical properties of the materials that make up the prosthesis. (Boucher's Clinical Dental Terminology, 4th ed, p239)
The fibrous CONNECTIVE TISSUE surrounding the TOOTH ROOT, separating it from and attaching it to the alveolar bone (ALVEOLAR PROCESS).
The graphic recording of chest wall movement due to cardiac impulses.
Preparatory activities in ROOT CANAL THERAPY by partial or complete extirpation of diseased pulp, cleaning and sterilization of the empty canal, enlarging and shaping the canal to receive the sealing material. The cavity may be prepared by mechanical, sonic, chemical, or other means. (From Dorland, 28th ed, p1700)
A means of identifying the age of an animal or human through tooth examination.
Inflammation of the PERIAPICAL TISSUE. It includes general, unspecified, or acute nonsuppurative inflammation. Chronic nonsuppurative inflammation is PERIAPICAL GRANULOMA. Suppurative inflammation is PERIAPICAL ABSCESS.
Cylindrical epithelial cells in the innermost layer of the ENAMEL ORGAN. Their functions include contribution to the development of the dentinoenamel junction by the deposition of a layer of the matrix, thus producing the foundation for the prisms (the structural units of the DENTAL ENAMEL), and production of the matrix for the enamel prisms and interprismatic substance. (From Jablonski's Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992)
Phase of endodontic treatment in which a root canal system that has been cleaned is filled through use of special materials and techniques in order to prevent reinfection.
Materials placed inside a root canal for the purpose of obturating or sealing it. The materials may be gutta-percha, silver cones, paste mixtures, or other substances. (Dorland, 28th ed, p631 & Boucher's Clinical Dental Terminology, 4th ed, p187)
Therapeutic technique for replacement of minerals in partially decalcified teeth.
The description and measurement of the various factors that produce physical stress upon dental restorations, prostheses, or appliances, materials associated with them, or the natural oral structures.
Hand-held tools or implements especially used by dental professionals for the performance of clinical tasks.
Presentation devices used for patient education and technique training in dentistry.
Dental procedure in which the entire pulp chamber is removed from the crown and roots of a tooth.
Diseases of the PERIAPICAL TISSUE surrounding the root of the tooth, which is distinguished from DENTAL PULP DISEASES inside the TOOTH ROOT.
Extraoral body-section radiography depicting an entire maxilla, or both maxilla and mandible, on a single film.

Histological and histochemical quantification of root resorption incident to the application of intrusive force to rat molars. (1/207)

This study was conducted to investigate the nature of root resorption resulting from intrusive forces applied to the rat lower molars, by means of histological and histochemical techniques with tartrate resistant acid phosphatase (TRAP). Thirty-eight 13-week-old Wistar strain male rats were used. Intrusive force was created by a fixed appliance which was adjusted to exert an initial force of 50 g for the duration of 1, 2, and 3 weeks. The degree of root resorption and distribution of TRAP positive cells were evaluated. On the root surface, the TRAP positive scores were low in the apical regions. Significant differences in the scores were found in the inter-radicular region of the roots between the experimental and control groups for the 2- and 3-week groups. More active resorption of bone occurred during the experimental period, as denoted by greater TRAP positive scores on the bone than on the root surface. Root resorption scores in the apical root region were larger in the 2- and 3-week groups than in the 1-week group. Significant differences in the root resorption scores were also found between the 1- and 3-week groups in the inter-radicular region, indicating that intrusive force application of a longer duration may lead to a higher frequency of root resorption. It is shown that, irrespective of the level of TRAP positive cells and root resorption scores, the degree of root resorption activity is higher in the apical root region than in the inter-radicular area. These results indicate that cellular cementum may be resorbed more easily because of its richer organic components and low mineralized structure.  (+info)

Longitudinal post-eruptive mandibular tooth movements of males and females. (2/207)

Unbiased estimates of post-eruptive eruption and migration of the mandibular teeth for large representative samples are presently unavailable. The purpose of this study was to evaluate pure tooth movements of untreated children and adolescents longitudinally. Lateral cephalograms of 214 French-Canadians, followed bi-annually between 8 and 15 years of age, were traced, and the positions of the mandibular permanent central incisors and first molars were digitized. Temporal changes in tooth position were evaluated relative to naturally stable mandibular reference structures, using the mandibular reference line for orientation. The statistical analyses included t-tests to assess gender differences and Pearson product-moment correlations to evaluate associations. The results showed that the incisors proclined significantly more for males (6 degrees) than females (3 degrees). The incisor tips displayed early mesial movements that were countered by later distal movements. The incisor apex showed a consistent pattern of distal migration between 8 and 15 years. Mandibular arch length decreased over the 7-year observation period. Rates of mesial molar migration accelerated until 11 years of age and then decelerated. There was no significant change in the mandibular occlusal plane angle between 8 and 15 years of age. Incisor eruption showed the greatest rates during adolescence, attaining peaks at approximately 12 years for females and 14 years for males. The molars erupted approximately 5 mm between 8 and 15 years of age. The greatest gender differences occurred at the older ages, with males showing greater eruption potential than females. It was concluded that the mandibular teeth show significant migration and eruption during childhood and adolescence, with gender differences in the amount, direction, and timing of movement.  (+info)

Blood vessel response to pan-endothelium (RECA-1) antibody in normal and tooth loaded rat periodontal ligament. (3/207)

Immunolabelling of the normal rat molar periodontal ligament (PDL) with RECA-1 antibody, an endothelial cell surface marker, demonstrated the endothelium in the different categories of blood vessels. The intensity of immunolabelling was similar for venous capillaries (VC), post-capillary-sized venules (PCV), and collecting venules (CV). Arterial capillaries (AC) and terminal arterioles (TA) showed a different response, both having a high intensity of endothelium and smooth muscle cell labelling, whether they were located in the PDL or alveolar bone. An experimental, continuous loading of approximately 100 g was applied unilaterally to the mandibular molars for 10 minutes. In the PDL apical compression zone this load resulted in a loss of RECA-1 immunolabelling of the VC, PCV, and CV. Adjacent to the alveolar crest, where shear and tension loads were judged to have occurred, there was enhanced immunoreactivity of VC, PCV, and CV. In the loaded PDL, the AC and TA, irrespective of their location in the ligament or bone, showed strong immunofluorescence of their endothelium and the enveloping smooth muscle layer. Vessel and PDL immunofluorescence were analysed with standardized grey scale densitometry, and the data subjected to ANOVA. Comparison between individual vessel means showed significant differences (P < 0.05). Control teeth showed no immunostaining difference between the coronal and apical region vessels, whereas in the loaded teeth the overall cervical vessel endothelium had a significantly higher value than the apical vessel endothelium (P < 0.001). These findings demonstrate that the endothelium of this microvascular bed can undergo significant immunoreactivity changes when exposed to short-term, continuous, tooth loading.  (+info)

Evaluation of apical root resorption following extraction therapy in subjects with Class I and Class II malocclusions. (4/207)

The purpose of this study was to determine the amount of root resorption during orthodontic treatment, and to examine the relationship between tooth movement and apical root resorption. Twenty-seven Class I and 27 Class II patients treated with edgewise mechanics following first premolar extractions were selected. The following measurements were made on the pre- and post-treatment cephalograms: upper central incisor to palatal plane distance, the inclination of upper central incisor to the FH and AP planes, the perpendicular distances from the incisor tip to the AP and PTV planes, and incisor apex to PTV. The amount of apical root resorption of the maxillary central incisors was determined for each patient by subtracting the post-treatment tooth length from the pre-treatment tooth length measured directly on cephalograms. Intra-group differences were evaluated by the Student's t-test and inter-group differences by the Mann-Whitney U-test. For correlations the Pearson correlation coefficient was used. The results show that there was a mean of approximately 1 mm (P < 0.01) of apical root shortening in Class I patients, but in Class II division I subjects the mean root resorption was more than 2 mm (P < 0.001). The inter-group differences were statistically significant. No significant correlations were found between the amount of apical root resorption and tooth inclination, or the duration of active treatment.  (+info)

Long-term follow-up of maxillary incisors with severe apical root resorption. (5/207)

The purpose of the study was to analyse the mobility of teeth with severe orthodontically induced root resorption, at follow-up several years after active treatment, and to evaluate mobility in relation to root length and alveolar bone support. Seventy-three maxillary incisors were examined in 20 patients, 10-15 years after active treatment in 13 patients (age 24-32 years) and 5-10 years after active treatment in seven patients (age 20-25 years). All had worn fixed or removable retainers; seven still had bonded twistflex retainers. Total root length and intra-alveolar root length were measured on intra-oral radiographs. Tooth mobility was assessed clinically according to Miller's Index (0-4) and the Periotest method. Crestal alveolar bone level, periodontal pocket depth, gingival, and plaque indices, occlusal contacts during occlusion and function, and dental wear were recorded. There was a significant correlation (P < 0.05) between tooth mobility, and total root length and intra-alveolar root length. No correlation was found between tooth mobility and retention with twistflex retainers. None of the variables for assessment of periodontal status, occlusion and function were related to total root length or tooth mobility. It is concluded that there is a risk of tooth mobility in a maxillary incisor that undergoes severe root resorption during orthodontic treatment, if the remaining total root length is < or = 9 mm. The risk is less if the remaining root length is > 9 mm. Follow-up of teeth with severe orthodontically induced root resorption is indicated.  (+info)

Anesthetic efficacy of infiltrations in mandibular anterior teeth. (6/207)

The purpose of this prospective, randomized, double-blind study was to measure the degree of anesthesia obtained with a labial infiltration of either 2% lidocaine with 1:50,000 or 2% lidocaine with 1:100,000 epinephrine in mandibular anterior teeth. Another objective was to measure the degree of anesthesia obtained with a lingual infiltration of 2% lidocaine with 1:100,000 epinephrine in mandibular anterior teeth. Through use of a repeated-measures design, 40 subjects randomly received a labial infiltration at the lateral incisor apex of either 1.8 mL of 2% lidocaine with 1:100,000 epinephrine or 1.8 mL of 2% lidocaine with 1:50,000 epinephrine at 2 separate appointments. An additional 40 subjects received a lingual infiltration at the lateral incisor apex of 1.8 mL of 2% lidocaine with 1:100,000 epinephrine. The mandibular anterior teeth were blindly pulp tested at 4-minute cycles for 60 minutes postinjection. No response from the subject to the maximum output (80 reading) of the pulp tester was used as the criterion for pulpal anesthesia. Anesthesia was considered successful when 2 consecutive 80 readings were obtained. For the 3 infiltrations, success rates for the lateral incisor ranged from 43 to 50%. Adjacent teeth had success rates of 27 to 63%. There was no significant difference (P > 0.05) in success between the labial infiltration of 2% lidocaine with 1:100,000 epinephrine and 2% lidocaine with 1:50,000 epinephrine or the lingual infiltration of 2% lidocaine with 1:100,000 epinephrine when compared with the labial infiltration of 2% lidocaine with 1:100,000 epinephrine. Duration of pulpal anesthesia declined steadily for all solutions over the 60 minutes. In conclusion, the success rate of 43-50% and declining duration of pulpal anesthesia over an hour indicates that a labial infiltration of 1.8 mL of either 2% lidocaine with 1:100,000 epinephrine or 1: 50,000 epinephrine or a lingual infiltration of 2% lidocaine with 1:100,000 epinephrine over the lateral incisor apex cannot be recommended clinically to provide profound pulpal anesthesia.  (+info)

SEM observations of resected root canal ends following apicoectomy. (7/207)

The purpose of this study was to examine the apical foramen of root apices extracted during apicotomies. A total of 25 teeth extracted from 25 patients admitted to the Department of Conservative Dentistry at Tokyo Dental College's Chiba Hospital were used for the study. All patients were between 22 to 56 years of age at the time of the study, and each of the 25 cases was determined clinically on radiographs to be chronic apical suppurative periodontitis. Microsurgery was performed on all cases, and the extracted root apices were then observed using SEM. The results demonstrated a wide opening, greater than 350 microns as measured along the major axis, of the apical foramen in 80% of the cases. Various characteristics indicative of resorption were observed around the apical foramen. These features included those believed to have been caused by overinstrumentation during root canal treatment as well as irregularly shaped areas presumed to be apical lesions that had enlarged and eroded. We observed a high frequency of manifestations of cementum resorption surrounding the root apices of teeth with apical lesions. Furthermore, we concluded that in the majority of cases in the present study, due to the fact that the apical foramen exceeded normal opening dimensions as a result of overinstrumentation during root canal treatment or resorption around the root apex, prolongation of the lesions had occurred in response to direct contact of microbial infectious matter and tissues surrounding the root apex over a large area. The above finding suggested that, in cases in which the apical foramen is destroyed through overinstrumentation larger than #35 or in which the apical foramen opens up to dimensions greater than 350 microns due to pathologic resorption, surgical intervention may be indicated. On the other hand, in 64% of the cases, an accessory canal was observed in the root apical lesion. Based on this observation, the presence of an accessory canal in the root apex may contribute to some degree to the prolongation of the lesion.  (+info)

The effect of Frankel's function regulator type III on the apical base. (8/207)

Dento-alveolar and skeletal effects of orthopaedic treatment have always been the subject of controversial scientific discussions. The objective of this retrospective study was to demonstrate the changes in the dental arch and the apical base of both jaws following therapy with Frankel's function regulator type III (FR III). For this purpose, 42 Class III patients (28 females, 14 males, mean age 7.5 years) were selected according to strict criteria. The control group consisted of 16 patients (eight females, eight males, mean age 8.3 years) with minor malocclusion symptoms. Study models of all patients at the beginning and end of treatment were evaluated using a sophisticated measuring system. Apart from common parameters of model analysis, cusp inclination of the first molars, and apical bases of the maxilla and mandible were recorded to facilitate a comprehensive evaluation of treatment effects (including growth). The FR III stimulated the development of the maxilla, thus resulting in a more physiological growth pattern. Mandibular prognathism, however, was still discernible after therapy in the Class III patients, even though mandibular growth did not differ significantly between the two groups.  (+info)

2.Measuring will not be effected by environment,no matter the root is dry or full of electrolyte(blood,or normal saline),it can measure precisely; 3.Manify the apex zone,display with 11 scales,precision can reach 0.1mm; 4.Number and scales display the d
China Colorful LCD Screen Root Canal Dental Apex Locator, Find details about China Apex Locator, Dental Apex Locator from Colorful LCD Screen Root Canal Dental Apex Locator - Mident Industrial Co., Ltd.
In anatomy the apical foramen is the opening at the apex of the root of a tooth, through which the nerve and blood vessels that supply the dental pulp pass. Thus it represents the junction of the pulp and the periodontal tissue. The average size of the orifice is 0.3 to 0.4 mm in diameter. There can be two or more foramina separated by a portion of dentin and cementum or by cementum only. If more than one foramen is present on each root, the largest one is designated as the apical foramen and the rest are considered accessory foramina. It is a point of interest in endodontics, as it is considered necessary to thoroughly chemomechanically debride the pulp space to remove all necrotic tissue and minimise bacterial load in the pulp space. Ideally this debridement would terminate exactly at the apical foramen. In reality determining the exact position of the apical foramen is problematic, requiring radiography and/or use of an electronic apex locator to produce a refined estimate. A tooth may have ...
Ive just got new ear molds and the canal length is so much longer. When I received them, I thought the canal length was way too long but Ive been wearing them for a few days now and the sound is so much better with my…
China Multi-Frequency Design Apex Locator Dental Product with Pulp Tester, Find details about China Dental Product, Apex Locator from Multi-Frequency Design Apex Locator Dental Product with Pulp Tester - Guangzhou Fengdan Medical Equipment Co., Ltd.
China Cy-Dy (II) New Denjoy Endo Motor with Apex Locator, Find details about China Endo Motor with Apex Locator, Dental Endo Motor from Cy-Dy (II) New Denjoy Endo Motor with Apex Locator - Zhengzhou Chongyang Trading Co., Ltd.
I-Root Digital Apex Locator (Meta Biomed) 5th generation Apex Locator by dual frequency type. Best accuracy in any root canal condition (Dry, Bleeding, Wet, Saline, EDTA, NaOCl or Chlorhexidine etc.
Download Free Full-Text of an article A COMPARATIVE INVESTIGATION ON THE ACCURACY OF NEOSONO ULTIMA EZ INSTRUMENT, RADIOGRAPHY AND AN EXPERIMENTAL APEX LOCATOR IN ROOT CANAL WORKING LENGTH MEASUREMENT
Molar Root Canal prices from rm798 - Enquire for a fast quote. Choose from 8 Molar Root Canal Clinics in Damansara with 137 verified patient reviews ★ find the best one for you.
Molar Root Canal prices from $251 - Enquire for a fast quote. Free consultation. Choose from 6 Molar Root Canal Clinics in Cancun with 122 verified patient reviews ★ find the best one for you.
China Clear Bright LED Dental Apex Locator, Find details about China Apex Locater, Dental from Clear Bright LED Dental Apex Locator - Guangzhou Fengdan Medical Equipment Co., Ltd.
Root Canal Pluggers,Spreaders are our best quality products. We have large variety of Root Canal Pluggers,Spreaders at our online store.
China Competitive Price Hz-66 Cable Sheath Fault Pinpointing Locator, Find details about China Cable Sheath Fault Locator, Cable Fault Locator from China Competitive Price Hz-66 Cable Sheath Fault Pinpointing Locator - Huazheng Electric Manufacturing (Baoding) Co., Ltd.
Wholesale Dental Locator - Select 2017 high quality Wholesale Dental Locator products in best price from certified Chinese Dental Supplies Apex Locator manufacturers, Dental Root Locator suppliers, wholesalers and factory on Made-in-China.com
Attention: Either you have JavaScript disabled or your browser does not support JavaScript. To work properly, this site requires that you enable JavaScript.. ...
s.ytimg youtube problem, sites like pwinsider, s 100 bematech, how to change png file size in photoshop, m-files professional 6.0 free download, increase print size excel 2007 32 bit
Best Prices For Tracer III Protective BootCase for Tracer Nerve Locator. Tracer III Protective BootCase for Tracer Nerve Locator At scrubsbase.com.
The Provider Locator is compiled and published by Alkermes, Inc. as a reference source of demographic and professional information on individual licensed healthcare providers in the United States who have experience in the treatment of alcohol dependence and/or opioid dependence. The Provider Locator is searchable by ZIP code or by city and state. Healthcare providers enrollment and participation in the Provider Locator is voluntary and free of charge and, along with the provider-specific information in the Provider Locator, is based solely on healthcare provider responses. The Provider Locator is provided by Alkermes for use by the medical and dependence treatment communities, potential patients and/or their families in order to find information on, and locate healthcare providers for the treatment of alcohol dependence or opioid dependence. Alkermes is not responsible for, and the Provider Locator is not intended as a tool for, verifying the credentials, expertise, abilities or quality of ...
Day Spa Locator features a community of leading spas from accross the US. Day Spa Locator offers a world of relaxing possabilities rejuninating the heart, body and soul
Use our store locator to find a store near you as well as information like opening times, addresses, maps and a list of facilities available at every store.
Use our store locator to find a store near you as well as information like opening times, addresses, maps and a list of facilities available at every store.
Small and mighty, the ResQLink+™ is our new buoyant, GPS-enabled rescue beacon designed for anglers, pilots and back country sportsmen. Full power and small in size, the ResQLink+ Personal Locator Beacon (or PLB) is the smallest and lightest PLB on the market. With three levels of integrated signal technology - GPS positioning, a powerful 406 MHz signal, and 121.5 MHz homing capability - the ResQLink+™ quickly and accurately relays your position to a worldwide network of search and rescue satellites. A built-in strobe light provides visibility during night rescues.
Browse Spherical-Radius Locator Buttons & over 100,000 other tooling components in the Carr Lane Manufacturing Catalog. Find your solution.
This is part 2 of the series discussing how to manage class dependencies, now focusing on the Service Locator pattern and Dependency Injection Containers.
The item(s) denoted below (*) cannot be added to your cart. For more information, click HERE Please unselect this item(s) to proceed to your cart ...
120152 of 147864. ekologo-fiziologicheskie-etnicheskie-osobennosti-adaptivnih-reakciy-organizma-podrostkov-usloviyam-severo-kavkazskogo-regiona-03-03-01-fiziologiya-14-03-03-patologicheskaya-fiziologiya-ref.htm Prev of Kb; File Name without Extention ekologo-fiziologicheskie-etnicheskie-osobennosti-adaptivnih-reakciy-organizma-podrostkov-usloviyam-severo-kavkazskogo-regiona-03-03-01-fiziologiya-14-03-03-patologicheskaya-fiziologiya-ref ; File Extention .php ; File size - 94,9 ...
QUICK AND HANDY GUIDE All images should be RGB and not CMYK. Lulu will reject sRGB, if you want to use them to get into the iBookstore, but other retailers accept it. Again, always go for the correct file size first, at the cost of resolution if necessary; not the other way around. EC = Embedded Cover (give to ebook formatter to embed) CC = Catalog Cover (youll upload separate from ebook) n/s = Not Specified Format Size in px Resolution File Size Kindle CC JPG, TIFF min 500px max 1280px 72 dpi n/s Kindle EC JPG 600 x 800 Read more. ...
QUICK AND HANDY GUIDE All images should be RGB and not CMYK. Lulu will reject sRGB, if you want to use them to get into the iBookstore, but other retailers accept it. Again, always go for the correct file size first, at the cost of resolution if necessary; not the other way around. EC = Embedded Cover (give to ebook formatter to embed) CC = Catalog Cover (youll upload separate from ebook) n/s = Not Specified Format Size in px Resolution File Size Kindle CC JPG, TIFF min 500px max 1280px 72 dpi n/s Kindle EC JPG 600 x 800 Read more. ...
Created attachment 1759 [details] 1 minute of log level 10 This should be 1 minute of log level 10 output during the problem of Cygwin bash doing: while :; do ls -l /cygdrive/z/release/env9/commercial/qa_wa/uk.txf; done Sorry, but I cant seem to correlate this log to the Ethereal snoop so as to identify the cycle and pare down the log any further. Note that the log and the Ethereal do not exactly match. The process was the same, but the time was different. Let me know if I can provide anthing additional, as this is readily reproducable. Thanks ...
Everyone has a bucket list dont they? It stands to reason therefore that there is such a thing as an anti-bucket list, ie things you dont really ever want to experience in this humble life. Just like your bucket list can be extraordinarily long, so can your anti-bucket list - I would hazard more so. So, I thought it would be fun (or anti-fun) to concoct a top 10 list of things I dont ever want to happen in this life.. I should probably start with a little context - you see, at the weekend I experienced the rather odd and thoroughly unpleasant extraction of a tooth. Dont get me wrong, my dentist is great, very calming and she explains everything so that even my brain cell can comprehend. The procedure itself was entirely painless courtesy of the six injections I had to the nerves leading to my molar root. What you dont prepare for is the yanking and manipulating that occurs along with the macabre snapping of pieces of the once proud and undamaged adult tooth. Over the years, crap brushing ...
Wenn Sie der Meinung sind, dass dieses Add-on Mozillas Add-on-Richtlinien verletzt oder Datenschutz- bzw. Sicherheitsprobleme aufweist, melden sie diese Probleme bitte über dieses Formular an Mozilla.. Bitte verwenden Sie dieses Formular nicht, um Fehler zu melden oder neue Funktionen vorzuschlagen; die Meldung geht an Mozilla und nicht an den Entwickler des Add-ons. ...
Locate the most convenient lab to your current location before placing an online discount lab test order to receive the best lab experience possible.
In the wake of the latest Government notification owing to the Covid-19 situation, were temporarily closing all of our stores and the warehouses until 15th April ...
Do you make your partners get an STD test before you have sex? You should. A whopping 56% of men have NEVER been tested for an STD.
JavaScript seems to be disabled in your browser. For the best experience on our site, be sure to turn on Javascript in your browser. ...
Choose the appropriate installer following the appropriate links at the top of this page.. Also included below are the md5sum and file size in order to verify the full installers have been downloaded correctly. If your installer doesnt work or reports errors it is possible that your installer is incomplete.. Revision: 75b999ee8bfd. ...
The Priest and the Parachute It began with a joke. In 1968, Richard Bolles, an Episcopal priest from San Francisco, was in a meeting when someone complained
China Dental Equipment Denjoy Original Apex Locator Mal-II, Find details about China Dental Apex Locator, Root Canal Apex Locator from Dental Equipment Denjoy Original Apex Locator Mal-II - Mident Industrial Co., Ltd.
Apex Locator Apex NRG (Medic-NRG), apex locator Apex NRG, Medic-NRG, Dental Goods - Dental equipment, dental materials, retail and wholesale, dental store, goods catalog, buy, manufacturers, dentistry, dent, dental materials, dental equipment, vivadent, ivoclar, falcon, kerr, jendental, ultradent, medic, septodont, espe, accessories, kulzer, voco, heraeus, chema, plus perfection, stoma, spofadental, latus, composites, port, components, RUB, equipment, instruments, tools, drugs, gnatus, chirana, durr, KMIZ, esta, apexlocator, goods, photopolymer, installation, instrument, tip, lamp, whaledent, shanghai, scaler, skyler, maillefer, Optima, impression, coltene, cerkamed, foshion, wedges, natura therapeutics, china, price, roeko, anthogyr, shares, chemists, rubberdam, radiography, adhesives, sealants, prevention, bleaching
A root canal is sequentially cleaned in sections from the crown to the apex by dividing it into three sections including an operative coronal portion, an operative middle portion and an apical portion. An operative phase corresponds with each section and specific instrumentation is used in each phase. After an opening is formed into the tooth to provide access into the root canal, the opening is preferably rectified to remove obstructions so that the anatomical root canal can be fully accessed. The pulp material is then sequentially removed from the portion of the root canal above the apical portion of the root canal with a set of instruments and then from the apical portion with another set of instruments. An optional set of instruments can also be used to improve the access into the apical portion such that irrigants can be delivered to the apical portion. Cleaning of the pulp material from the root canal also shapes the root canal to ease filling of the root canal with a filling material. The root
China Endo Motor & Apex Locator & Pulp Tester catalog of Portable Dental Endo Motor (EM-01), Endo Motor Dental Equipment with Apex Locator (CE certificated) provided by China manufacturer - Shanghai Luk Company Ltd., page1.
The Keysight B1500A Semiconductor Device Analyzer is a modular instrument with a ten-slot configuration that supports both IV and CV measurements. Its familiar MS Windows user interface supports Keysights new EasyEXPERT software, which provides a new, more intuitive task-oriented approach to device characterization. Because of its extremely low-current, low-voltage, and integrated capacitance measurement capabilities, the Keysight B1500A can be used for a wide range of semiconductor device characterization needs ...
Agilent Technologies announces that Microchip Technology Inc., a leading provider of microcontroller, mixed-signal, analog and Flash-IP solutions, has adopted Agilent EEsof EDAs Model Builder Program and Model Quality Assurance software. Microchip Technology will use the software to create internal fabrication device model libraries or process design kits, modify external foundry libraries, and validate supported devices from internal and external sources ...
Locators are the citations commonly, page numbers in print indexes that follow the entry to indicate where the material about that entry is found. Locators may also be paragraph numbers, line numbers, section numbers, volume-page number combinations, figure identifiers in atlases, hyperlinks in online indexes, etc. American Society of Indexers guidelines recommend that no more than 5 to 7 locators per term be given. When more than 7 locators accumulate under one heading (ie, 7
Locators are the citations commonly, page numbers in print indexes that follow the entry to indicate where the material about that entry is found. Locators may also be paragraph numbers, line numbers, section numbers, volume-page number combinations, figure identifiers in atlases, hyperlinks in online indexes, etc. American Society of Indexers guidelines recommend that no more than 5 to 7 locators per term be given. When more than 7 locators accumulate under one heading (ie, 7
Looking for online definition of nerve locator in the Medical Dictionary? nerve locator explanation free. What is nerve locator? Meaning of nerve locator medical term. What does nerve locator mean?
Synonyms for apical root in Free Thesaurus. Antonyms for apical root. 213 synonyms for root: stem, tuber, rhizome, radix, radicle, source, cause, heart, bottom, beginnings, base, seat, occasion, seed, foundation, origin, core.... What are synonyms for apical root?
1.Of the instrumented teeth, half assigned to CEC, the other half to (TEC) access. 20 teeth\group, CEC and TEC, and (n = 10/group/type) were negative control.. 2.Micro-CT imaging. Teeth were accessed and instrumented with WaveOne, 1.25 % NaOCl.. 3.Post-op micro-CT imaging. 4.The proportion of the Untouched Canal Wall (UCW) and Dentin Volume Removed (DVR) for each tooth type was analyzed. 5.Teeth loaded in Instron Universal Testing machine to quantitate compressive fracture.. ...
Definition : Dental condensers designed to pack filling materials vertically into prepared root canals. These condensers are typically single-ended manual instruments with a handle and a cylinder-shaped, contra-angled working end with a flat tip; some condensers include serrations at intervals (e.g., 5 mm) to evaluate the penetration depth. Vertical dental condensers are also known as dental pluggers.. Entry Terms : Vertical-Type Endodontic Filling Material Condensers , Endodontic Finger Pluggers , Endodontic Micro Pluggers , Endodontic Pluggers , Finger Pluggers, Endodontic , Micro Pluggers, Endodontic , Pluggers , Vertical Condensers. UMDC code : 21097 ...
This week, we welcome guest DJ Alex Abalos from electronic band Secret Sidewalk. Alex talks about the bands trip to SXSW and shares songs from his collection of rare Asian funk, noise, and electronic music from the Philippines, Thailand, Japan, and the U.S. Heres the set list: 1) Dali plays point guard/Secret Sidewalk/Self Released/Self released…
A personal locator system for determining the location of a locator unit. The system includes a locator device in communication with both a central station and a GPS satellite. The locator unit includes a portable housing able to be worn about the wrist of a user. A communication system is positioned within the housing for contacting the central station and includes a transmitter and receiver. A GPS unit is also positioned within the housing for contacting the GPS system for determining a location of said locator device. Upon receipt of a location request signal by the receiver from the central station, the locator unit activates the GPS unit to contact the GPS system and receive location data therefrom. Upon receipt of the location data, the transmitter transmits the location data to the central station for analysis. A panic button is provided for transmitting an emergency signal to the central station and initiating detecting the location of the locator unit. A non-emergency call button is provided
The Provider Locator is compiled and published by Alimera Sciences, Inc. (Alimera) as a reference source of demographic and professional information on individual licensed healthcare providers in the United States who have experience in the treatment of diabetic macular edema. The Provider Locator is searchable by state. Healthcare providers enrollment and participation in the Provider Locator is voluntary and free of charge and, along with the provider-specific information in the Provider Locator, is based solely on healthcare provider responses. The Provider Locator is provided by Alimera for use by the medical community, potential patients and/or their families in order to find information on, and locate healthcare providers for the treatment of diabetic macular edema. Alimera is not responsible for, and the Provider Locator is not intended as a tool for, verifying the credentials, expertise, abilities or quality of care of any healthcare provider included in the Provider Locator. ...
The Provider Locator is compiled and published by Alimera Sciences, Inc. (Alimera) as a reference source of demographic and professional information on individual licensed healthcare providers in the United States who have experience in the treatment of diabetic macular edema. The Provider Locator is searchable by state. Healthcare providers enrollment and participation in the Provider Locator is voluntary and free of charge and, along with the provider-specific information in the Provider Locator, is based solely on healthcare provider responses. The Provider Locator is provided by Alimera for use by the medical community, potential patients and/or their families in order to find information on, and locate healthcare providers for the treatment of diabetic macular edema. Alimera is not responsible for, and the Provider Locator is not intended as a tool for, verifying the credentials, expertise, abilities or quality of care of any healthcare provider included in the Provider Locator. ...
This page links to inmate locators in a number of US States. Each locator is a little different. They can be searched in different ways and the amount of information about a particular prisoner can vary widely from state to state. Additionally some states place restrictions on how information from penal databases may be used. Here are sites for the states that the 50-State Database Registry knows about. If you know of other inmate/prisoner locators that should be here, please either e-mail Daniel Cornwall at dnlcornwall AT alaska.net OR make a note on the discussion page. ...
Polar plots of canal projections in three planes of the electrosensory ampullary array of the scalloped hammerhead shark, Sphyrna lewini.Plots show canal length
A device for localizing a target tissue mass in a body includes a tubular trocar portion having a distal end and a proximal end portion that is removably attachable to a handle portion. The trocar portion contains at least a first plurality of locator wires that are movable between a retracted position within the trocar and a deployed position extending radially from the trocar. In a preferred embodiment, the trocar portion has an electrosurgical cutting element at its distal end, and first and second pluralities of locator wires that, when deployed, respectively define first and second locating perimeters. The first plurality of locator wires is connected to a first wire carrying member longitudinally mounted for axial movement within the trocar portion between a proximal position corresponding to the retracted position of the first plurality of locator wires, and a distal position corresponding to the deployed position of the first plurality of locator wires. The second plurality of locator wires is
Design Guidelines are based on ▸location map design of the German map shop (in German). Its preferable to derive new locator maps from existing location maps. Please keep both size and ratio in this case. Thus the new locator maps may still be applied as location map (▸Guide). Marker color is supposed to be darkred. Waterbodies may be transparent, to show other objects better. Please be aware that this guide is only a recommendation. Its not an inevitable law ...
Apex ID is a endodontics equipment. It is compact and modern with unique functions which allow you to focus on whats really important; providing the best care for your patients.. User-set zero point. Customize the zero point based on your initial clinical judgement. No need to constantly monitor the visual display, the audible signal will let you know when youve reached your preferred zero point.. Accuracy in almost any condition. Apex ID has been designed to work in almost any canal condition. Whether dry, wet, bleeding, filled with saline, EDTA, NaOCl, chlorhexidine, the Apex ID can still provide accurate, consistent and dependable readings.. Continuous calibration. Unlike most apex locators on the market today, Apex ID continuously calibrates for accurate, uninterrupted readings in real-time.. ...
Kerr Dental knows that endodontic access is critical to the success of procedures requiring it, and that you depend on quality burs and drills to help you achieve it. The LA Axxess burs and Gates Glidden Drills can help you obtain the access you desire with the precision you need. The LA Axxess kit contains all of the burs needed to gain the initial access into restorations in one convenient kit. Kerr Dental also features the Gates Glidden drills in a variety of sizes to make shaping a root canal simple and precise.. ...
Choose from our portfolio of Locator tooling & accessories on Nobel Biocares online store. Shop now and easily track your orders.
Greetings and welcome to the Office of Assessment and Accountability - OAA School Locator and Boundaries page.. The OAA office produces maps for the school district, responds to request from stockholders, produces boundary changes as requested as well as enabling parents of current or potential new students with the option to locate their schools of choice. The School District uses ESRI ArcGIS Mapping software engine in conjunction with other applications to produce the maps required or requested. ...
The Tracer® III nerve locator is a light weight and portable system for locating nerves in many types of nerve block procedures where a motor response can be elicited.
The mass production paradigm strives for uniformity, and for assembly operations to be identical for each individual product. To accommodate geometric variation between individual parts, tolerances are introduced into the design. However, this method can yield suboptimal quality. In welded assemblies, geometric variation in ingoing parts can significantly impair quality. When parts misalign in interfaces, excessive clamping force must be applied, resulting in additional residual stresses in the welded assemblies. This problem may not always be cost-effective to address simply by tightening tolerances. Therefore, under new paradigm of mass customization, the manufacturing approach can be adapted on an individual level. This paper focuses on two specific mass customization techniques: permutation genetic algorithms (GA) and virtual locator trimming. Based on these techniques, a six-step method is proposed, aimed at minimizing the effects of geometric variation. The six steps are nominal reference point
Official USAV licensed product! Keep track of rotations, substitutions, positions, and time outs with the rotation locator. The outer dial rotates to indicate the changing positions of the players on the court. Eliminates the confusion of determining front and back row players in any given rotation. A grease pencil is
Find the closest authorized service center to have your Philips Skincare product repaired. The service locator will help you find correct directions and phone numbers.
Find details on Determination of neutering status in the bitch and dog in dogs including diagnosis and symptoms, pathogenesis, prevention, treatment, prognosis and more. All information is peer reviewed.
gig.cpp/.h: GIG FORMAT EXTENSION: Added support for saving gig file larger than 4 GB as one single monolithic gig file. A new custom RIFF chunk FFmt was added to distinguish such monolithic large .gig files from old ones which were splitted over several (.gx01, .gx02, ...) extension files before. * DLS.cpp/.h: Sample class: wave pool offsets are now 64 bits (to allow support for files larger than 4 GB). * RIFF.cpp/.h: Addded support for RIFF files larger than 4 GB, by default the required internal RIFF file offset size is automatically detected (that is RIFF files , 4 GB automatically use 32 bit offsets while files ,= 4 GB automatically use 64 bit offsets), a particular offset size can be forced with a new option added to the RIFF File constructor though. * RIFF.cpp/.h: When saving a modified, grown RIFF file, the temporary file size during Save() operation will no longer be larger than the final grown file size. * Automake: Set environment variable GCC_COLORS=auto to allow GCC to auto ...

No data available that match "tooth apex"


II or III fractures of permanent teeth with Physiologically incomplete apices. MATERIALS & METHODS: Human Study with… ... Temporary and Permanent Restorations for Fractured Permanent Teeth with Immature Apices: A Clinical Study. ... II or III fractures of permanent teeth with Physiologically incomplete apices. ... 1-Isolating the tooth, using lip retractor and cotton rolls, 2-Cleaning the affected area with a physiological salt solution, 3 ...
... ... Home » A CLASSIFICATION OF TEETH THE DISEASED PULPS AND APICES OF WHICH ARE RELATED TO INFECTIVE FOCAL AND SYSTEMIC SEQUELAE ... The authors conducted an experiment to determine the way in which various individual teeth compare with one another in ... The terms abfraction and abrasion describe the cause of lesions found along the cervical margins of teeth. Erosion, ...
Use of mineral trioxide aggregate for retreatment of a tooth with large periapical lesion, wide-open apices and vertical root ... Use of mineral trioxide aggregate for retreatment of a tooth with large periapical lesion, wide-open apices and vertical root ... Chronic periapical lesions in necrotic teeth with open apex are difficult to manage. The situation becomes more complex if the ... a traumatised tooth that had already undergone unsuccessful endodontic treatment with a large periapical lesion and open apex ...
... a pair of shiny black Savile Row oxford shoes soled in 1050 teeth dentures. Especially amusing are the gold teeth ... artists Mariana Fantich and Dominic Young of fantich&young created Apex Predator Shoes, ... Apex predators are predators with no predators of their own, residing at the top of their food chain. In 2010, ... Apex Predator Shoes Have Soles Made of 1050 Teeth Dentures. by Rusty Blazenhoff at 3:16 PM. on October 11, 2012. ...
Apex Dental - Northborough MA Dentist New Patients: 508-506-1691. Current Patients: 508-393-8816 ... tooth pain, wisdom teeth removal , Tagged Family Dentist, northborough family dentist, tooth pain, wisdom teeth extraction , ... Posted in General Dentistry, Oral Health , Tagged TMJ, tooth brushing tips, tooth pain, tooth sensitivity, toothaches , ... Tag Archives: tooth pain. Causes Of Toothaches. Posted on August 5, 2016 by Dfsr5hg8njk ...
... tooth pain, wisdom teeth removal , Tagged Family Dentist, northborough family dentist, tooth pain, wisdom teeth extraction , ... Tag Archives: wisdom teeth extraction. Wisdom teeth removal is often necessary for good oral health.. Posted on May 22, 2014 by ... Wisdom teeth removal is often thought of as a "rite of passage" for young adults as it is usually recommended in a patients ... Posted in Family Dentist Northborough, tooth extraction, ... Apex Dental - Northborough MA Dentist New Patients: 508-506- ...
NC offering Toothache and Tooth Pain treatment. To know more Call us at (919) 380 8888. ... Tooth abscess is a condition where there is an infection at the root of the tooth or between gums and tooth. ... In the case of tooth decay, there is pain only when caries has reached the pulp of the natural tooth. Tooth decay occurs when ... Apart from tooth decay, tooth abscess, fracture, gum problems and damaged restoration may sometimes lead to a toothache. ...
... a deep-time perspective on marine apex predators - Volume 41 Issue 3 - Catalina Pimiento, Meghan A. Balk ... Chondrichthyes (Mesozoic and Cenozoic Elasmobranchii: teeth). Gustav Fisher, Stuttgart.. Cushman, J. H., Lawton, J. H., and ... Body-size trends of the extinct giant shark Carcharocles megalodon: a deep-time perspective on marine apex predators. * ... The fossil history of Carcharodon and itspossible ancestor, Cretolamna: a study in tooth identification. Pp. 19-36 in Klimley ...
GUIMARAES, Bruno Martini et al. Accuracy evaluation of three electronic apex locators in teeth with immature apices. RSBO ( ... The 30 teeth were measured with the three apex locators until achieving the apex foramen. During the measurement, the canals ... iPex and YS-RZ-A apex locators in tooth with incomplete apices. Material and methods: Thirty human mandibular pre-molars ... showed that all the studied apex locators were efficient in determining the root canal length in tooth with incomplete apex, ...
The 30 teeth were measured with the three apex locators until achieving the apex foramen. During the measurement, the canals ... iPex and YS-RZ-A apex locators in tooth with incomplete apices. Material and methods: Thirty human mandibular pre-molars ... Treatment of open apex teeth using two types of white mineral trioxide aggregate after initial dressing with calcium hydroxide ... In teeth with incomplete apices the exact WL determination is indispensable for endodontic treatment success, either ...
What is tip of tooth root? Meaning of tip of tooth root medical term. What does tip of tooth root mean? ... Looking for online definition of tip of tooth root in the Medical Dictionary? tip of tooth root explanation free. ... root apex. (redirected from tip of tooth root) apex. [a´peks] (pl. apexes, a´pices) (L.) the pointed end of a cone-shaped part ... root apex the terminal end of the root of the tooth.. root a·pex. [TA] the tip of a tooth root, that part farthest from the ...
See reviews, photos, directions, phone numbers and more for Affordable Dentures locations in Apex, NC. ... Find 3 listings related to Affordable Dentures in Apex on YP.com. ... Wisdom Teeth Removal and Cost ». Learn about wisdom teeth removal costs, as well as wisdom teeth in general, to help you make ... When brushing your teeth, always place the brush at a 45-degree angle. That way, youre able to hit every surface of each tooth ...
Witherspoon, D. E., Small, J. C., Regan, J. D., & Nunn, M. (2008). Retrospective Analysis of Open Apex Teeth Obturated with ... Witherspoon, DE, Small, JC, Regan, JD & Nunn, M 2008, Retrospective Analysis of Open Apex Teeth Obturated with Mineral ... Retrospective Analysis of Open Apex Teeth Obturated with Mineral Trioxide Aggregate. David E. Witherspoon, Joel C. Small, John ... This study is a retrospective analysis of the outcome of initial nonsurgical root canal treatment of teeth with open apices, ...
Apex Dental Care. New Patient Special - $49 - Dental Coupon More coupons for Apex Dental Care ... FREE Professional Teeth Whitening - Dentistry Coupon - Dental Coupon More coupons for Tysons Laser Center Dentistry ...
This junction between tooth pulp and the rest of the body is crucial for a successful root canal procedure. Learn more today. ... Once a permanent tooth is fully formed, this opening at the apex of a tooth root allows the nerves and blood vessels to provide ... Study: Neanderthal teeth provide details on hardships, harsh climate By studying Neanderthal teeth and their tooth enamel, ... The Apex of Tooth Anatomy. One of the challenges of a root canal procedure is reaching and successfully sealing the apical ...
USPS Dental Wireless Endo Motor Treatment 16:1+ Apex Locator +Tooth Gum Cutter. $191.99 ... 1x Dental Diamond Burs Set For Crown and Bridge Preparation Molar Teeth FG-102 $5.60 ... USPS 1 Kit Dental Pro Temporary Crown Materials 22# 23# 24# Anterior Teeth. $5.02 ... Oral Clean Ultrasonic Dental Scaler Teeth Whitening Tartar Plaque Stains Remover. $18.39 ...
A) Panoramic radiograph showing an open apex with a periradicular radiolucency of a tooth #45. (B) The working length was ... 8. Witherspoon DE , Small JC , Regan JD : Retrospective analysis of open apex teeth obturated with mineral trioxide aggregate. ... The Scope of Regenerative Endodontics on Open-Apices in Young Permanent Teeth. ... 1), 1966년 Frank가 언급한 것처럼 수산화칼슘[Calcium hydroxide; Ca(OH)2]이 미성숙된 무수치(pulpless tooth)의 생리적인 폐쇄를 유도할 수 있다고 보고한 이래, 가장 널리 애용되어 왔던 ...
Teeth Whitening Coupon - ONLY $150 Teeth Whitening (Reg. $500) More coupons for Ellen Krieger D.D.S. ... Apex Dental Care. New Patient Special - $49 - Dental Coupon More coupons for Apex Dental Care ...
Wisdom Teeth/Teeth Extractions, Bone/Soft Tissue Grafting, Dental Implants, Corrective Jaw Surgery (Orthognathic Surgery), Pre ... At Apex Oral Surgery, conveniently located in the Belle Hall Shopping Center in Mount Pleasant SC, Dr. Marvil and her staff use ... Apex Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery is poised to be the leading provider in Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery and dental implants ... Apex Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery ●. 664 Long Point Road, Unit B Mt. Pleasant, SC 29464 ...
Dental Equipment Endodontics Root Canal Meter Oral Teeth Apex Locator FOB Price: US $ 2-85 / Piece. Min. Order: 1 Piece ... Dental Root Apex Locator Root Canal Apex Locator Root Canal Locator Dental Root Canal Apex Locator Pulp Tester ... Dental Equipment Apex Locator Endodontic Root Canal Instrument Woodpecker FOB Price: US $ 61-85 / Piece. Min. Order: 1 Piece ... Dental Endodontic Apex Locator Root Canal Equipment with Touch Screen Control FOB Price: US $ 140-150 / Piece. Min. Order: 1 ...
Front Teeth RCT On Mar, 26, 2010 , 1 * Front Teeth RCT On Mar, 26, 2010 , 1 ... It is not the case with apex locater. The apex locater gives you reading and beep when it reaches apex and dentist comes to ... Still we need an xay to guideat the apex locater. It is proven that the reading given by endo root apex locater is accurate. In ... Regarding apex locaters they calculate the working lenght of the Root canal quite accurately and its accuracy is more than ...
Teeth CleaningDental CheckupSinus LiftBone GraftInlay or OnlayMini ImplantsWisdom Tooth ExtractionExtractionsScaling and Root ... BracesTeeth WhiteningDental BridgesVeneersComposite VeneersPorcelain VeneersDental BondingDental CrownsDental ImplantsRoot ... Tooth JewelleryCEREC Dental RestorationsMolar Root CanalFixed Partial DenturesDental X-RayFamily Dentist Consultation ...
one forming a point: /the apex of the roof/ fig. /the apex of his career./ ∎ Geom. ... apex (ay-peks) n. the tip or summit of an organ; for example the heart or lung. The apex of a tooth is the tip of the root. See ... apex. Top of a cone, gable, obelisk, pediment, or pyramid. The saddle- or apex-stone is the topmost stone at the apex of a ... one forming a point: the apex of the roof fig. the apex of his career. ∎ Geom. the highest point in a plane or solid figure, ...
5 Ways to Care for Your Pets Teeth. With these simple dental care tips, you can help keep your canines adorable smile shiny ...
Apex Mountain Resort @apexmtnresort 5 months ago. An absolutely beautiful day to wrap up the season. Thanks to everyone who ... Apex Avalanche Awareness day! From 10am-3pm there will be avalanche information including demos located in the village. There ... 2017 Apex Resort. All Rights Reserved. , Web Design By Bang! MediaWorks Inc. ... Apex Mountain Resort will be ceasing operations for the season as of March 17th at 3:30 pm. ...
Bonus Backer Apex Trilogy. NZ $30+. You like a bit of zombie horror, right? With some giant robots thrown in for good measure? ... "Baby Teeth was well underway before I could sink my own teeth into it. I was struggling to pull off my podcasts annual blowout ... Secondly, Baby Teeth can now be found on Amazon.com and Amazon.ca. Not only can you swing by Amazon to get a copy for your ... Well, this has been an exciting week for Baby Teeth - Bite-sized Tales of Terror. As well as the book heading off to the ...
Bonus Backer - Apex Trilogy. NZ $30+. You like a bit of zombie horror, right? With some giant robots thrown in for good measure ... "Baby Teeth was well underway before I could sink my own teeth into it. I was struggling to pull off my podcasts annual blowout ... "Baby Teeth was well underway before I could sink my own teeth into it. I was struggling to pull off my podcasts annual blowout ... Secondly, Baby Teeth can now be found on Amazon.com and Amazon.ca. Not only can you swing by Amazon to get a copy for your ...
Tooth root. Tooth apex. Dental trauma. Non-vital. Immature. Incisor. Periapical periodontitis. Dental pulp. ... In some cases following damage to a tooth, the root of the tooth starts to dissolve and unfortunately these teeth are also not ... An apical barrier of mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA cement) will be placed in the tooth root at the open apex in order to ... Unfortunately, if there is dental decay in the tooth or a fracture of the root then these teeth are not suitable for this study ...
Elytron: lateral margin straight, smooth, margined; apex rounded; sutural angle with small tooth; humerus rounded, slightly ... and lateral vitta from behind humerus to apex from rows 6-9, lateral vittae unite at apex; legs yellow with femur with apex ... Leg: slender; femur punctate at apex; tibia with row of setae on inner margin and fringe of setae at apex. Total length: 5.4- ... pointed at apex; 1-3 punctate with scattered setae; 4-11 setose. Pronotum: transverse, widest at base; lateral margin sinuate ...
Rawe fits teeth onto juvenile T. rex. Reference image shows T. rex with closed mouth and teeth jutting out in an overbite.] ... NORELL: …apex predator.. [Animated T. rex with hair-like feathers walks in profile.] ... They would actually cause the thing to explode because theyre able to bite so hard, and their teeth could just go through bone ... Pencil-sketch animation showing an avatar dressed in red hat and blue shirt picking up fossil teeth and snapping them into the ...
  • 1-Isolating the tooth, using lip retractor and cotton rolls, 2-Cleaning the affected area with a physiological salt solution, 3- Cleaning the tooth with a rubber cup and a mixture of pumice stone and water, 4-Washing, Irrigating and protecting the dentin-pulp with calcium hydroxide. (medium.com)
  • The results of the study corroborate the hypothesis that immediate restoration of a fractured Incisor does not affect the vitality of its pulp and the growth of its apex. (medium.com)
  • It may be concluded that both the band and crown restoration technique allow preservation of pulp vitality and the physiological completion of apical growth in fractured permanent teeth with immature apices. (medium.com)
  • A conference paper that discusses the results of a research study conducted to classify and differentiate between the processes that result in teeth lacking dental pulp is presented. (ebscohost.com)
  • In the case of tooth decay, there is pain only when caries has reached the pulp of the natural tooth. (apexsmiles.com)
  • If not identified and treated in time, caries can reach the pulp of the tooth and infect it. (apexsmiles.com)
  • Root canal treatment may be necessary if the pulp of the tooth is infected. (apexsmiles.com)
  • Once a permanent tooth is fully formed, this opening at the apex of a tooth root allows the nerves and blood vessels to provide nutrition to the pulp and aid in its ability to detect pathogens. (colgate.com)
  • A healthy pulp translates to a healthy, pain-free tooth. (colgate.com)
  • The only way to save the tooth is by removing the infected pulp and replacing it with inorganic material. (colgate.com)
  • More common methods of locating the apex of a tooth include X-rays and other diagnostic pulp finders. (colgate.com)
  • Numerous challenges in treating permanent dentition are encountered, especially in treating immature teeth with pulp necrosis. (kapd.org)
  • These developments of a functional pulp-dentin complex have a promising impact on retaining the natural teeth, the goal of the dental health care. (kapd.org)
  • NEC cement is a proper material for direct pulp capping and treatment of tooth perforation. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • Capping of the exposed pulp is indicated for reversible pulp tissue injury after physical or mechanical trauma in developing or mature teeth.The response to direct pulp capping with materials such as MTA or NEC is the formation of dentin barrier, resulting from the recruitment and proliferation of undifferentiated cells. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • There is a difference in the levels of bFGF in the blood between the stages during pulp cell homing, also AAE protocol for disinfection is an effective method to disinfect the open apex root canal system. (iraqjournals.com)
  • the "soft center of a tooth" [6] is called the pulp . (wikiversity.org)
  • The calcium part of a tooth below the enamel containing the pulp chamber and root canals. (bracesinfo.com)
  • The pulp of the tooth is very prone to infection. (medscape.com)
  • Infection of the pulp is termed pulpitis and can lead to potential tooth loss. (medscape.com)
  • The dentin of the tooth is very porous and is an ineffective seal over the pulp. (medscape.com)
  • In Ellis II and III fractures in which the dentin or pulp is exposed, the clinician caring for the tooth fracture in the acute setting must create a seal over these injured teeth to protect the pulp from intraoral flora and potential infection. (medscape.com)
  • In anatomy the apical foramen is the opening at the apex of the root of a tooth , through which the nerve and blood vessels that supply the dental pulp pass. (wikipedia.org)
  • Mechanisms underlying ectopic persistent tooth-pulp pain following pulpal inflammation. (nih.gov)
  • In order to clarify the peripheral mechanisms of ectopic persistent pain in a tooth pulp following pulpal inflammation of an adjacent tooth, masseter muscle activity, phosphorylated extracellular signal-regulated protein kinase (pERK) and TRPV1 immunohistochemistries and satellite cell activation using glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP) immunohistochemistry in the trigeminal ganglion (TG) were studied in the rats with molar tooth-pulp inflammation. (nih.gov)
  • And, Fluorogold (FG) and DiI were also used in a neuronal tracing study to analyze if some TG neurons innervate more than one tooth pulp. (nih.gov)
  • Complete Freund's adjuvant (CFA) or saline was applied into the upper first molar tooth pulp (M1) in pentobarbital-anesthetized rats, and capsaicin was applied into the upper second molar tooth pulp (M2) on day 3 after the CFA or saline application. (nih.gov)
  • These findings suggest that satellite cell activation following tooth pulp inflammation and innervation of multiple tooth pulps by single TG neurons may be involved in the enhancement of the activity of TG neurons innervating adjacent non-inflamed teeth that also show enhancement of TRPV1 expression in TG neurons, resulting in the ectopic persistent tooth-pulp pain following pulpal inflammation of adjacent teeth. (nih.gov)
  • The inset diagrams in A and D indicate the tooth pulp with drug application in this and following figures. (nih.gov)
  • Pulpectomy is defined as a root canal procedure for pulp tissue that is irreversibly infected or necrotic due to caries or trauma in primary teeth. (amazines.com)
  • Also in primary teeth due to complex pulpal anatomy and curved canals it is difficult to completely remove the pulp and hence the bacterial load. (amazines.com)
  • The usual etiology is a tooth that becomes infected, leading to necrosis of the pulp. (medscape.com)
  • Therefore, when non-resorbed primary teeth show irreversible pulp disease or signs of necrosis, they are indicated for total endodontic treatment (pulpectomy). (scirp.org)
  • This case report describes the management of a traumatised tooth that had already undergone unsuccessful endodontic treatment with a large periapical lesion and open apex along with a fracture line in the root. (bmj.com)
  • In teeth with incomplete apices the exact WL determination is indispensable for endodontic treatment success, either apexification or revascularization 23 . (bvsalud.org)
  • Notwithstanding, WL establishment in teeth with incomplete apices is still challenging for endodontic treatment because of the anatomic features of this area 17,26 . (bvsalud.org)
  • Successful regenerative endodontic treatment of necrotic immature permanent teeth can provide continued root development, increased thickness in the dentinal walls and apical closure. (kapd.org)
  • Of these, 165 teeth received initial endodontic treatment (IET). (hindawi.com)
  • Conservative therapy and endodontic treatment of permanent teeth with incompletely formed apex. (unibo.it)
  • The Root ZX apex locator showed the highest accuracy with 100% of agreement. (bvsalud.org)
  • I like to know if these endo apex locator is sufficient for calculating the length of the root canal,disregarding the X-rays.Has this been established? (identalhub.com)
  • apex locator it will be sufficient to know the length of the root canal. (identalhub.com)
  • In reality determining the exact position of the apical foramen is problematic, requiring radiography and/or use of an electronic apex locator to produce a refined estimate. (wikipedia.org)
  • To develop a protocol of improved stabilization of teeth after root apex resection among young people using endodonto-endoossal implants and assessing its effectiveness . (bvsalud.org)
  • Which is the best choice for Apex Resection clinics in Chisinau, Moldova? (placidway.com)
  • Finding the best Apex Resection clinics in Chisinau, Moldova is not a challenge anymore. (placidway.com)
  • Now you have easily access to the best dental clinics and top dentists.Apex Resection will help you restore your oral health, teeth function and smile. (placidway.com)
  • The 30 teeth were measured with the three apex locators until achieving the apex foramen. (bvsalud.org)
  • Many methods have been proposed to determine the working length of root canal from the patient's response to the pain provoked by surpassing the instrument through the apex foramen to the use of either conventional or digital radiographs 21 . (bvsalud.org)
  • The average dimension of the apical foramen was between 0.24 and 0.34 mm in the upper teeth and 0.25 and 0.33 mm in the lower molars. (colgate.com)
  • Teeth Whitening Coupon - ONLY $150 Teeth Whitening (Reg. (valpak.com)
  • Whitening is the process of whitening teeth using a custom fit tray and bleaching agent. (supercp.com)
  • Teeth whitening can also be completed in one appointment in our office. (supercp.com)
  • Our teeth whitening procedures at APEX can help repeal this damage, but it is good to know what to avoid to keep your teeth externally white in the first place. (supercp.com)
  • Is Teeth Whitening Worth the Cost? (supercp.com)
  • Teeth whitening is a growing trend in our society, and for good reason. (supercp.com)
  • http://apexfamilydental.com/wp-content/uploads/2014/05/shutterstock_141200362.jpg 500 334 [email protected] http://apexnew.wwwssr20.supercp.com/wp-content/uploads/2017/03/ApexLogoWithpadding-300x208.png [email protected] 2014-05-01 17:00:33 2014-05-01 17:00:33 Is Teeth Whitening Worth the Cost? (supercp.com)
  • Who Can Offer Teeth Whitening? (supercp.com)
  • http://apexfamilydental.com/wp-content/uploads/2013/08/shutterstock_87939847-e1375915117710.jpg 620 622 [email protected] http://apexnew.wwwssr20.supercp.com/wp-content/uploads/2017/03/ApexLogoWithpadding-300x208.png [email protected] 2013-08-07 22:37:46 2013-08-07 22:37:46 Who Can Offer Teeth Whitening? (supercp.com)
  • What Is In-office Teeth Whitening? (supercp.com)
  • In today's busy era of non-stop work and play, many people simply do not have the time or patience to do at-home teeth whitening treatments. (supercp.com)
  • Pediatric endodontics deals with the management of pulpally involved primary and young permanent teeth in children. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • An attempt was made to save the tooth by using mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA) cement for orthograde filling, retrograde filling and also for sealing of the fracture line. (bmj.com)
  • This study is a retrospective analysis of the outcome of initial nonsurgical root canal treatment of teeth with open apices, obturated with mineral trioxide aggregate when no apical barrier existed. (elsevier.com)
  • Mineral trioxide aggregate [ MTA ] has been suggested as an effective material for apical barrier , forming an effective seal against bacterial leakage in teeth with open apices. (bvsalud.org)
  • Assessment of a novel alternative to conventional formocresol-zinc oxide eugenol pulpotomy for the treatment of pulpally involved human primary teeth: diode laser-mineral trioxide aggregate pulpotomy. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • In 2010, artists Mariana Fantich and Dominic Young of fantich&young created Apex Predator Shoes , a pair of shiny black Savile Row oxford shoes soled in 1050 teeth dentures. (laughingsquid.com)
  • leaf blade dark red-brown on both surfaces or lighter abaxially when dry, lanceolate to ovate-lanceolate, slightly asymmetric, 5-14 × 1.7-4 cm, thinly papery, abaxially glabrous or sparsely puberulent with hairs denser along veins, adaxially glabrous or subglabrous, base broadly cuneate to obtuse, margin sparsely denticulate to serrate, apex caudate-acuminate to falcate acuminate. (efloras.org)
  • lateral leaflet blades oblong-ovate to ovate or lanceolate, 1(-3)-veined from base, base acute to obtuse, rarely subtruncate, margins undulate or crispate, toothed or lobed, with 2-4 teeth 1-4 mm high tipped with spines to 1.2-2 × 0.2-0.3 mm, apex narrowly acute or acuminate. (swbiodiversity.org)
  • bracteoles membranous, apex acuminate. (swbiodiversity.org)
  • Tooth abscess is a condition where there is an infection at the root of the tooth or between gums and tooth. (apexsmiles.com)
  • The roots of teeth are embedded in the maxilla (upper jaw) or the mandible (lower jaw) and are covered by gingiva gums. (wikiversity.org)
  • Without proper dental care, your pet will most likely suffer from bad breath, inflamed gums, missing, loose, or broken teeth, and all of the pain and discomfort such problems can cause. (vcahospitals.com)
  • Invagination, a folding in of the enamel and/or cement of the tooth, sometimes occurs at the neck of the tooth, often with some degree of gingival recession (receding of gums) at the site. (petmd.com)
  • [ 10 ] Teeth and gums. (homeoint.org)
  • The wisdom teeth grow at the back of your gums and are the last teeth to come through. (baoms.org.uk)
  • Wisdom teeth usually grow through the gums during the late teens or early twenties. (baoms.org.uk)
  • Removable artificial teeth in a plastic base that rests directly on the gums. (deltadentalins.com)
  • The root canals of 52 extracted human maxillary incisors were prepared and open apices in two different diameters of 1 and 1.4 mm were created. (bvsalud.org)
  • A tooth may have multiple small accessory canals in the root apex area forming an apical delta which can complicate the endodontic problem. (wikipedia.org)
  • a) Straight canals - It is measured 2mm short of apex. (amazines.com)
  • A number of 201 teeth were endodontically treated, and an overall number of 408 canals were obturated. (hindawi.com)
  • Primary teeth are also called "baby teeth" or deciduous teeth. (bracesinfo.com)
  • of Space in the Dental arch Obstruction for eruption Ankylosis Retained deciduous teeth Non absorbing alveolar bone Bony lesion Ectopic position of tooth bud Habits involving tongue, finger,cheek,pencil,etc. (scribd.com)
  • Apex Family and Cosmetic Dentistry is one of Utah's premiere dental care practices. (supercp.com)
  • Surgical extraction of teeth wasnt always a safe, routine procedure with a generally predictable outcome as it is today In the first half of the 20th centuryIn the second half of the 20th centuryGrowing interest in preventive dentistry in 1950s and 60s. (scribd.com)
  • With the appearance of electronic apex locators (EAL), an auxiliary tool was available in the endodontic armamentarium aiming at the correct odontometry 12 . (bvsalud.org)
  • Species of Porotrichum are distinguished by leaves with serrate apices and costae tapering toward the apex. (efloras.org)
  • White and Elson-Harris (1994) state that Anastrepha striata is separated from the other species with a complete Anastrepha type wing pattern by the short (under 2.0 mm) aculeus witha non-serrate apex and U-shaped pattern on the scutum. (ufl.edu)
  • All had at least 1 permanent Incisor with an Ellis Class I, II or III fracture with a physiologically incomplete apex. (medium.com)
  • The situation becomes more complex if the tooth has a fracture line. (bmj.com)
  • Apart from tooth decay, tooth abscess, fracture, gum problems and damaged restoration may sometimes lead to a toothache. (apexsmiles.com)
  • However, because the roots of these young teeth are not fully formed, they are weaker and prone to fracture. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • The study involved examining the foramina of 147 recently extracted teeth, which were all permanent maxillary and mandibular first molars. (colgate.com)
  • The abnormal development and formation of the mandibular tooth, a molar located three teeth away from the midline of the jaw, is an oral health issue seen primarily in small breed dogs. (petmd.com)
  • The mandibular tooth is one of the first permanent teeth to develop a calcified crown, and one of the largest. (petmd.com)
  • If your veterinarian finds that the tooth is too damaged to remain, an assessment of the remaining mandibular bone will be an important prior to an extraction attempt. (petmd.com)
  • It most frequently is found in areas where unerupted teeth are found: mandibular third molars, maxillary third molars, and maxillary canines, in decreasing order of frequency. (medscape.com)
  • Chronic periapical lesions in necrotic teeth with open apex are difficult to manage. (bmj.com)
  • Toxins exit the apex of the tooth, leading to periapical inflammation. (medscape.com)
  • Bacteremia may occur spontaneously (i.e., caused by organisms introduced through food chewing or tooth brushing), or it may develop as a complication of a focal infection, such as a periodontal or periapical infection, a urinary tract infection, pneumonia or cellulitis. (aafp.org)
  • The root canal length (RCL) estimates is a fundamental step for establishing endodontic therapy procedures, as it guides the chemo-mechanical preparation and the final root canal sealing, avoiding damage to both the periapical tissues and the permanent successor tooth germ. (scirp.org)
  • Plesiomorphic characters of N. phragmosus unique among the Kalotermitidae include partial separation of the otherwise fused first and second marginal teeth of the left imago/worker mandible, long subcosta and radius, and increased number of antennal articles in both imagos and soldiers. (bioone.org)
  • A tooth, unerupted or erupted, which is in an abnormal position in the maxilla or mandible. (scribd.com)
  • mandible with 14 teeth. (google.nl)
  • The image is a model of a human molar-like tooth. (wikiversity.org)
  • The image on the right is a model of a human molar-like tooth. (wikiversity.org)
  • In this notation, your upper right third molar is designated as tooth#1, and then you number each tooth sequentially moving right to left and down across your mouth. (bracesinfo.com)
  • It appears as a radiopaque (light area) around a tooth, usually a premolar or molar . (wikipedia.org)
  • Flare up rate related to root canal treatment of asymptomatic pulpally necrotic central incisor teeth in patients attending a military hospital J Dent, 34: 635-40. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • The terms 'abfraction' and 'abrasion' describe the cause of lesions found along the cervical margins of teeth. (ebscohost.com)
  • [ 1 ] They both present as radiolucent lesions in association with the apex of a nonvital tooth. (medscape.com)
  • Many of us can name the basic parts of a tooth like enamel, dentin and cementum. (colgate.com)
  • By studying Neanderthal teeth and their tooth enamel, researchers gained more detailed insights into what humans' ancient cousins lived through. (colgate.com)
  • the "hard covering on the exposed part of a tooth" [4] is called the enamel . (wikiversity.org)
  • Enamel is the most mineralized of the calcified tissues of the body, and it is the most radiopaque of the 3 tooth layers. (medscape.com)
  • Dens-in-dente, an anomaly of development resulting from the deepening of enamel into the dental papilla (the cells involved in the developing tooth), typically begins at the crown and often extends to the root before the calcification of the dental tissues takes place. (petmd.com)
  • In this arm 16 premolar teeth scheduled for extraction for orthodontic reasons were used.After signed consent was given by patients,local anesthesia was applied before operative procedures. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • Traumatic damage to the tooth, possibly from aggressive deciduous tooth (i.e., baby tooth) extraction, may be linked to a loss of dental integrity. (petmd.com)
  • Conclusion: The results showed that all the studied apex locators were efficient in determining the root canal length in tooth with incomplete apex, considering the tolerance of ±1 mm. (bvsalud.org)
  • Historically, calcium hydroxide application during long periods of time was used to induce the formation of a calcific barrier across the open apex. (kapd.org)
  • In 2004, a new treatment modality for the management of the open apex was introduced. (kapd.org)
  • In addition, root canal treatment is difficult because a root canal filling cannot be placed in a tooth which is not yet fully formed, due to the fact that the root has an 'open' end. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • The aim of this study is to discover whether there is a difference between one of two methods of treating non-vital teeth with open ends. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • Non-vital teeth with an open end are routinely treated in this way at Liverpool Dental Hospital. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • This study was intended to compare bacterial leakage in one- and two-step MTA apical barrier technique in open apices with different diameters. (bvsalud.org)
  • In immature teeth the root is not fully formed leading to an open apex . (wikipedia.org)
  • Comparison of accuracy of age estimation in Indian children by measurement of open apices in teeth with the London Atlas of tooth development. (bvsalud.org)
  • The aim of this study was to evaluate and compare the accuracy of two age estimation methods in Indian children by using the open apex method proposed by Cameriere et al and the London Atlas of Tooth Development. (bvsalud.org)
  • Open arrows in D and E indicate the apex of M1. (nih.gov)
  • The distance in mm between the upper and lower front teeth with the mouth fully open. (baoms.org.uk)
  • Molars - used for grinding and chewing food, these teeth have several cusps on the biting surface to help in this process. (colgate.com)
  • The teeth just behind the second molars. (bracesinfo.com)
  • Before the completion of treatment, abnormal mobility of the first upper primary molars and the lower incisors was detected, and a few days later the teeth exfoliated prematurely. (aappublications.org)
  • According to Archer impacted teeth occur in the following order of frequency: Maxillary 3rd molars. (scribd.com)
  • The teeth with two rounded points (cusps) located between the eye-teeth (cuspids) and the molars. (deltadentalins.com)
  • The surgical removal of the apical portion of the tooth through a surgical opening made in the overlying bone and gingival tissues. (deltadentalins.com)
  • Incisors - the sharp, chisel-shaped front teeth (four upper, four lower) used for cutting food. (colgate.com)
  • the most commonly injured teeth are the central incisors. (medscape.com)
  • The teeth toward the front, which include the incisors and cuspids. (deltadentalins.com)
  • A Comparative evaluation of two techniques for treating Ellis Class I, II or III fractures of permanent teeth with Physiologically incomplete apices. (medium.com)
  • When the root canal is finished, the tooth is usually capped with a permanent crown to protect it. (colgate.com)
  • An individual who has oligodontia was born without six or more permanent or primary teeth. (colgate.com)
  • The aim of this case report was to present a child with CAH, premature exfoliation of primary teeth and accelerated eruption of his permanent teeth related to bone resorption. (aappublications.org)
  • Tooth mobility was noticed in the permanent teeth as soon as they erupted, along with bone destruction. (aappublications.org)
  • METHODOLOGY : Forty patients requiring root canal treatment on permanent single rooted teeth were included. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • Accelerated tooth eruption has been reported in patients with CAH. (aappublications.org)
  • Recently, bone resorption has been found to be correlated with accelerated eruption of teeth in mice. (aappublications.org)
  • However, susceptibility to periodontal disease and bone resorption can be the cause for primary exfoliation of primary teeth and accelerated eruption of its successors. (aappublications.org)
  • Owing to its time of eruption (17-22 yrs) it is often referred to as the wisdom tooth. (scribd.com)
  • Also because of its late eruption it is the most commonly impacted tooth. (scribd.com)
  • When a tooth is stuck against another tooth, usually preventing full eruption. (baoms.org.uk)
  • sclerotinized part of sternite 8: middle tooth broadly rounded. (hccnet.nl)
  • CAH is a serious chronic disorder appearing in children with accelerated dental development and possibly premature loss of primary teeth. (aappublications.org)
  • Various Pulpotomy medicaments like Formocresol, Glutaraldehyde, ferric sulfate, calcium-hydroxide, MTA, Bone Morphogenic proteins, collagen, bioactive glass and laser have been advocated for use in treatment of pulpally involved primary teeth. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • The aim of this study was to measure the RCL in a sample of extracted primary anterior teeth and compare the data obtained with the literature for educational and clinical purposes. (scirp.org)
  • Seventy extracted primary anterior upper and lower teeth were selected according to the following inclusion criteria: absence of root resorption and/or internal root canal anatomy complications, and no previous root canal manipulation. (scirp.org)
  • The RCL direct measurement method and the results obtained were in accordance with the literature reports and can be useful for educational purposes aiming at knowledge of dental anatomy and the clinical determination of root canal treatment viability and treatment of primary teeth, as RCL is one of the parameters for the indication/contra-indication of this therapy. (scirp.org)
  • A gum infection, usually around an impacted wisdom tooth. (baoms.org.uk)
  • After coronal access, tooth length was determined with the visualization of a K-file, compatible with the root canal diameter, at the apex. (bvsalud.org)
  • The biomechanical stabilization of the teeth was confirmed by the results of densitometry among patients of both groups, in particular, the recovery of bone density in the affected site was observed after 360 days. (bvsalud.org)
  • A opening in your jaw-bone in which a tooth is attached. (bracesinfo.com)
  • In these situations, the goal is to return the tooth to its correct anatomical position as quickly and securely as possible, without causing further trauma to the tooth, gingiva, or alveolar bone. (medscape.com)
  • The tooth anatomy includes the crown, which is the portion of the tooth exposed to the oral cavity, and one or more roots, which are enveloped in bone and the periodontium. (medscape.com)
  • 7 Also, bone resorption has been related with loss of teeth in patients with osteolytic diseases. (aappublications.org)
  • According to WHO An impacted tooth is any tooth that is prevented from reaching its normal position in the mouth by tissue, bone or another tooth. (scribd.com)
  • The part of the jaw bone holding the teeth. (baoms.org.uk)
  • There was a predominance of injuries amongmales and a greater frequency among school-aged children as well as a greater incidence in the maxillary teeth. (medium.com)
  • Knowledge of the shape and function of the tooth apex, according to a study from the International Journal of Morphology , is crucial for eliminating all abscesses, inflammation or bacteria and shaping the canal for the final seal. (colgate.com)
  • Carious exposures in an immature tooth as the extent of inflammation and contamination cannot be determined clinically. (scribd.com)
  • Dental disease can cause serious problems for your pet, ranging from gum inflammation and tooth loss to infection and even organ damage. (vcahospitals.com)
  • There is no sign of inflammation of the tooth. (wikipedia.org)
  • A) It was found that of 44 teeth reconstructed with the band technique 91% maintained their vitality, in the 1st and successive evaluations.B) Also, of the teeth constructed with the crowns, 97.5% maintained their vitality in the 1st and successive evaluations. (medium.com)
  • Dental fillings, inlays, onlays and dental crowns are used for restoring a tooth that is damaged/decayed. (apexsmiles.com)
  • Crowns cover teeth weakened by decay or severely damaged or chipped. (deltadentalins.com)
  • Abyss & Apex likes to see strong, emotionally resonant, literary-quality poetry with a clear speculative element (fantasy, science fiction, or any combination of the two), as well as scifaiku and what some call "science poetry" or "astronomy poetry. (blogspot.com)
  • Condensing osteitis may resemble idiopathic osteosclerosis, however, associated teeth are always nonvital in condensing osteitis. (wikipedia.org)
  • the "hard, dense calcareous material that makes up the bulk of a tooth" [5] is called the dentin . (wikiversity.org)
  • Tooth decay occurs when the bacteria in the oral cavity feed on sugary foods to release acids that dissolve the tooth and form caries. (apexsmiles.com)