Tooth: One of a set of bone-like structures in the mouth used for biting and chewing.Tooth, Artificial: A fabricated tooth substituting for a natural tooth in a prosthesis. It is usually made of porcelain or plastic.Tooth Germ: The collective tissues from which an entire tooth is formed, including the DENTAL SAC; ENAMEL ORGAN; and DENTAL PAPILLA. (From Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992)Tooth, Deciduous: The teeth of the first dentition, which are shed and replaced by the permanent teeth.Tooth Crown: The upper part of the tooth, which joins the lower part of the tooth (TOOTH ROOT) at the cervix (TOOTH CERVIX) at a line called the cementoenamel junction. The entire surface of the crown is covered with enamel which is thicker at the extremity and becomes progressively thinner toward the cervix. (From Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p216)Tooth Root: The part of a tooth from the neck to the apex, embedded in the alveolar process and covered with cementum. A root may be single or divided into several branches, usually identified by their relative position, e.g., lingual root or buccal root. Single-rooted teeth include mandibular first and second premolars and the maxillary second premolar teeth. The maxillary first premolar has two roots in most cases. Maxillary molars have three roots. (Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p690)Tooth Migration: The movement of teeth into altered positions in relationship to the basal bone of the ALVEOLAR PROCESS and to adjoining and opposing teeth as a result of loss of approximating or opposing teeth, occlusal interferences, habits, inflammatory and dystrophic disease of the attaching and supporting structures of the teeth. (From Boucher's Clinical Dental Terminology, 4th ed)Tooth, Supernumerary: An extra tooth, erupted or unerupted, resembling or unlike the other teeth in the group to which it belongs. Its presence may cause malposition of adjacent teeth or prevent their eruption.Tooth Abnormalities: Congenital absence of or defects in structures of the teeth.Tooth Wear: Loss of the tooth substance by chemical or mechanical processesTooth Extraction: The surgical removal of a tooth. (Dorland, 28th ed)Tooth, Nonvital: A tooth from which the dental pulp has been removed or is necrotic. (Boucher, Clinical Dental Terminology, 4th ed)Molar: The most posterior teeth on either side of the jaw, totaling eight in the deciduous dentition (2 on each side, upper and lower), and usually 12 in the permanent dentition (three on each side, upper and lower). They are grinding teeth, having large crowns and broad chewing surfaces. (Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p821)Tooth, Impacted: A tooth that is prevented from erupting by a physical barrier, usually other teeth. Impaction may also result from orientation of the tooth in an other than vertical position in the periodontal structures.Tooth Discoloration: Any change in the hue, color, or translucency of a tooth due to any cause. Restorative filling materials, drugs (both topical and systemic), pulpal necrosis, or hemorrhage may be responsible. (Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p253)Tooth, Unerupted: A normal developing tooth which has not yet perforated the oral mucosa or one that fails to erupt in the normal sequence or time interval expected for the type of tooth in a given gender, age, or population group.Incisor: Any of the eight frontal teeth (four maxillary and four mandibular) having a sharp incisal edge for cutting food and a single root, which occurs in man both as a deciduous and a permanent tooth. (Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p820)Odontogenesis: The process of TOOTH formation. It is divided into several stages including: the dental lamina stage, the bud stage, the cap stage, and the bell stage. Odontogenesis includes the production of tooth enamel (AMELOGENESIS), dentin (DENTINOGENESIS), and dental cementum (CEMENTOGENESIS).Tooth Cervix: The constricted part of the tooth at the junction of the crown and root or roots. It is often referred to as the cementoenamel junction (CEJ), the line at which the cementum covering the root of a tooth and the enamel of the tooth meet. (Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p530, p433)Dental Enamel: A hard thin translucent layer of calcified substance which envelops and protects the dentin of the crown of the tooth. It is the hardest substance in the body and is almost entirely composed of calcium salts. Under the microscope, it is composed of thin rods (enamel prisms) held together by cementing substance, and surrounded by an enamel sheath. (From Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p286)Tooth Exfoliation: Physiologic loss of the primary dentition. (Zwemer, Boucher's Clinical Dental Terminology, 4th ed)Tooth Avulsion: Partial or complete displacement of a tooth from its alveolar support. It is commonly the result of trauma. (From Boucher's Clinical Dental Terminology, 4th ed, p312)Fused Teeth: Two teeth united during development by the union of their tooth germs; the teeth may be joined by the enamel of their crowns, by their root dentin, or by both.Cuspid: The third tooth to the left and to the right of the midline of either jaw, situated between the second INCISOR and the premolar teeth (BICUSPID). (Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p817)Tooth DiseasesTooth Calcification: The process whereby calcium salts are deposited in the dental enamel. The process is normal in the development of bones and teeth. (Boucher's Clinical Dental Terminology, 4th ed, p43)Bicuspid: One of the eight permanent teeth, two on either side in each jaw, between the canines (CUSPID) and the molars (MOLAR), serving for grinding and crushing food. The upper have two cusps (bicuspid) but the lower have one to three. (Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p822)Tooth Ankylosis: Solid fixation of a tooth resulting from fusion of the cementum and alveolar bone, with obliteration of the periodontal ligament. It is uncommon in the deciduous dentition and very rare in permanent teeth. (Jablonski's Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992)Dental Pulp: A richly vascularized and innervated connective tissue of mesodermal origin, contained in the central cavity of a tooth and delimited by the dentin, and having formative, nutritive, sensory, and protective functions. (Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992)Tooth Erosion: Progressive loss of the hard substance of a tooth by chemical processes that do not involve bacterial action. (Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p296)Tooth Socket: A hollow part of the alveolar process of the MAXILLA or MANDIBLE where each tooth fits and is attached via the periodontal ligament.Tooth Replantation: Reinsertion of a tooth into the alveolus from which it was removed or otherwise lost.Maxilla: One of a pair of irregularly shaped bones that form the upper jaw. A maxillary bone provides tooth sockets for the superior teeth, forms part of the ORBIT, and contains the MAXILLARY SINUS.Dentin: The hard portion of the tooth surrounding the pulp, covered by enamel on the crown and cementum on the root, which is harder and denser than bone but softer than enamel, and is thus readily abraded when left unprotected. (From Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992)Tooth Resorption: Resorption of calcified dental tissue, involving demineralization due to reversal of the cation exchange and lacunar resorption by osteoclasts. There are two types: external (as a result of tooth pathology) and internal (apparently initiated by a peculiar inflammatory hyperplasia of the pulp). (From Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p676)Dental Caries: Localized destruction of the tooth surface initiated by decalcification of the enamel followed by enzymatic lysis of organic structures and leading to cavity formation. If left unchecked, the cavity may penetrate the enamel and dentin and reach the pulp.Dentition: The teeth collectively in the dental arch. Dentition ordinarily refers to the natural teeth in position in their alveoli. Dentition referring to the deciduous teeth is DENTITION, PRIMARY; to the permanent teeth, DENTITION, PERMANENT. (From Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992)Root Canal Therapy: A treatment modality in endodontics concerned with the therapy of diseases of the dental pulp. For preparatory procedures, ROOT CANAL PREPARATION is available.Odontometry: Measurement of tooth characteristics.Mandible: The largest and strongest bone of the FACE constituting the lower jaw. It supports the lower teeth.Tooth Demineralization: A tooth's loss of minerals, such as calcium in hydroxyapatite from the tooth matrix, caused by acidic exposure. An example of the occurrence of demineralization is in the formation of dental caries.Dentition, Permanent: The 32 teeth of adulthood that either replace or are added to the complement of deciduous teeth. (Boucher's Clinical Dental Terminology, 4th ed)Dental Restoration, Permanent: A restoration designed to remain in service for not less than 20 to 30 years, usually made of gold casting, cohesive gold, or amalgam. (Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992)Anodontia: Congenital absence of the teeth; it may involve all (total anodontia) or only some of the teeth (partial anodontia, hypodontia), and both the deciduous and the permanent dentition, or only teeth of the permanent dentition. (Dorland, 27th ed)Tooth Preparation, Prosthodontic: The selected form given to a natural tooth when it is reduced by instrumentation to receive a prosthesis (e.g., artificial crown or a retainer for a fixed or removable prosthesis). The selection of the form is guided by clinical circumstances and physical properties of the materials that make up the prosthesis. (Boucher's Clinical Dental Terminology, 4th ed, p239)Periodontal Ligament: The fibrous CONNECTIVE TISSUE surrounding the TOOTH ROOT, separating it from and attaching it to the alveolar bone (ALVEOLAR PROCESS).Alveolar Process: The thickest and spongiest part of the maxilla and mandible hollowed out into deep cavities for the teeth.Age Determination by Teeth: A means of identifying the age of an animal or human through tooth examination.Dental Cementum: The bonelike rigid connective tissue covering the root of a tooth from the cementoenamel junction to the apex and lining the apex of the root canal, also assisting in tooth support by serving as attachment structures for the periodontal ligament. (Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992)Odontodysplasia: A localized arrested tooth development which appears to involve most commonly the anterior teeth, usually on one side of the midline, most often the maxillary central and lateral incisors. Roentgenographically, the teeth have a ghostlike appearance. Calcification and bits of prismatic enamel may be found in the pulp and the enamel is thin and absent in part. (Jablonski, Illustrated Dictionary of Dentistry, 1982)Amelogenesis: The elaboration of dental enamel by ameloblasts, beginning with its participation in the formation of the dentino-enamel junction to the production of the matrix for the enamel prisms and interprismatic substance. (Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992).Dental Pulp Cavity: The space in a tooth bounded by the dentin and containing the dental pulp. The portion of the cavity within the crown of the tooth is the pulp chamber; the portion within the root is the pulp canal or root canal.Dental Pulp Necrosis: Death of pulp tissue with or without bacterial invasion. When the necrosis is due to ischemia with superimposed bacterial infection, it is referred to as pulp gangrene. When the necrosis is non-bacterial in origin, it is called pulp mummification.Tooth Remineralization: Therapeutic technique for replacement of minerals in partially decalcified teeth.Dental Models: Presentation devices used for patient education and technique training in dentistry.Radiography, Panoramic: Extraoral body-section radiography depicting an entire maxilla, or both maxilla and mandible, on a single film.Periapical Periodontitis: Inflammation of the PERIAPICAL TISSUE. It includes general, unspecified, or acute nonsuppurative inflammation. Chronic nonsuppurative inflammation is PERIAPICAL GRANULOMA. Suppurative inflammation is PERIAPICAL ABSCESS.Dental Stress Analysis: The description and measurement of the various factors that produce physical stress upon dental restorations, prostheses, or appliances, materials associated with them, or the natural oral structures.Paleodontology: The study of the teeth of early forms of life through fossil remains.Dental Cavity Preparation: An operation in which carious material is removed from teeth and biomechanically correct forms are established in the teeth to receive and retain restorations. A constant requirement is provision for prevention of failure of the restoration through recurrence of decay or inadequate resistance to applied stresses. (Boucher's Clinical Dental Terminology, 4th ed, p239-40)Jaw, Edentulous, Partially: Absence of teeth from a portion of the mandible and/or maxilla.Composite Resins: Synthetic resins, containing an inert filler, that are widely used in dentistry.Dental Enamel Proteins: The proteins that are part of the dental enamel matrix.Dental Enamel Hypoplasia: An acquired or hereditary condition due to deficiency in the formation of tooth enamel (AMELOGENESIS). It is usually characterized by defective, thin, or malformed DENTAL ENAMEL. Risk factors for enamel hypoplasia include gene mutations, nutritional deficiencies, diseases, and environmental factors.Diastema: An abnormal opening or fissure between two adjacent teeth.Dental Pins: Small cylindrical pieces of metal used to enhance retention.Enamel Organ: Epithelial cells surrounding the dental papilla and differentiated into three layers: the inner enamel epithelium, consisting of ameloblasts which eventually form the enamel, and the enamel pulp and external enamel epithelium, both of which atrophy and disappear before and upon eruption of the tooth, respectively.Oral Hygiene: The practice of personal hygiene of the mouth. It includes the maintenance of oral cleanliness, tissue tone, and general preservation of oral health.Dental Bonding: An adhesion procedure for orthodontic attachments, such as plastic DENTAL CROWNS. This process usually includes the application of an adhesive material (DENTAL CEMENTS) and letting it harden in-place by light or chemical curing.Molar, Third: The aftermost permanent tooth on each side in the maxilla and mandible.Post and Core Technique: Use of a metal casting, usually with a post in the pulp or root canal, designed to support and retain an artificial crown.Pulpectomy: Dental procedure in which the entire pulp chamber is removed from the crown and roots of a tooth.Mouth, Edentulous: Total lack of teeth through disease or extraction.Dental Pellicle: A thin protein film on the surface of DENTAL ENAMEL. It is widely believed to result from the selective adsorption of precursor proteins present in SALIVA onto tooth surfaces, and to reduce microbial adherence to the TEETH.Perioperative Nursing: Nursing care of the surgical patient before, during, and after surgery.Dental Papilla: Mesodermal tissue enclosed in the invaginated portion of the epithelial enamel organ and giving rise to the dentin and pulp.Periodontal Diseases: Pathological processes involving the PERIODONTIUM including the gum (GINGIVA), the alveolar bone (ALVEOLAR PROCESS), the DENTAL CEMENTUM, and the PERIODONTAL LIGAMENT.DMF Index: "Decayed, missing and filled teeth," a routinely used statistical concept in dentistry.Dental Restoration Failure: Inability or inadequacy of a dental restoration or prosthesis to perform as expected.Root Canal Filling Materials: Materials placed inside a root canal for the purpose of obturating or sealing it. The materials may be gutta-percha, silver cones, paste mixtures, or other substances. (Dorland, 28th ed, p631 & Boucher's Clinical Dental Terminology, 4th ed, p187)Resin Cements: Dental cements composed either of polymethyl methacrylate or dimethacrylate, produced by mixing an acrylic monomer liquid with acrylic polymers and mineral fillers. The cement is insoluble in water and is thus resistant to fluids in the mouth, but is also irritating to the dental pulp. It is used chiefly as a luting agent for fabricated and temporary restorations. (Jablonski's Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p159)Mesial Movement of Teeth: Migration of the teeth toward the midline or forward in the DENTAL ARCH. (From Boucher's Clinical Dental Terminology, 4th ed)Materials Testing: The testing of materials and devices, especially those used for PROSTHESES AND IMPLANTS; SUTURES; TISSUE ADHESIVES; etc., for hardness, strength, durability, safety, efficacy, and biocompatibility.Denture Design: The plan, delineation, and location of actual structural elements of dentures. The design can relate to retainers, stress-breakers, occlusal rests, flanges, framework, lingual or palatal bars, reciprocal arms, etc.Root Canal Preparation: Preparatory activities in ROOT CANAL THERAPY by partial or complete extirpation of diseased pulp, cleaning and sterilization of the empty canal, enlarging and shaping the canal to receive the sealing material. The cavity may be prepared by mechanical, sonic, chemical, or other means. (From Dorland, 28th ed, p1700)Denture, Partial, Removable: A partial denture designed and constructed to be removed readily from the mouth.Dental Prosthesis: An artificial replacement for one or more natural teeth or part of a tooth, or associated structures, ranging from a portion of a tooth to a complete denture. The dental prosthesis is used for cosmetic or functional reasons, or both. DENTURES and specific types of dentures are also available. (From Boucher's Clinical Dental Terminology, 4th ed, p244 & Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p643)Dental Leakage: The seepage of fluids, debris, and micro-organisms between the walls of a prepared dental cavity and the restoration.Root Canal Obturation: Phase of endodontic treatment in which a root canal system that has been cleaned is filled through use of special materials and techniques in order to prevent reinfection.Pulpitis: Inflammation of the DENTAL PULP, usually due to bacterial infection in dental caries, tooth fracture, or other conditions causing exposure of the pulp to bacterial invasion. Chemical irritants, thermal factors, hyperemic changes, and other factors may also cause pulpitis.Mastication: The act and process of chewing and grinding food in the mouth.Dental Cements: Substances used to bond COMPOSITE RESINS to DENTAL ENAMEL and DENTIN. These bonding or luting agents are used in restorative dentistry, ROOT CANAL THERAPY; PROSTHODONTICS; and ORTHODONTICS.Orthodontic Appliances: Devices used for influencing tooth position. Orthodontic appliances may be classified as fixed or removable, active or retaining, and intraoral or extraoral. (Boucher's Clinical Dental Terminology, 4th ed, p19)MSX1 Transcription Factor: A homeodomain protein that interacts with TATA-BOX BINDING PROTEIN. It represses GENETIC TRANSCRIPTION of target GENES and plays a critical role in ODONTOGENESIS.Dental Pulp: A richly vascularized and innervated connective tissue of mesodermal origin, contained in the central cavity of a tooth and delimited by the dentin, and having formative, nutritive, sensory, and protective functions. (Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992)Forensic Dentistry: The application of dental knowledge to questions of law.Dental Sac: Dense fibrous layer formed from mesodermal tissue that surrounds the epithelial enamel organ. The cells eventually migrate to the external surface of the newly formed root dentin and give rise to the cementoblasts that deposit cementum on the developing root, fibroblasts of the developing periodontal ligament, and osteoblasts of the developing alveolar bone.Radiography, Bitewing: Technique involving the passage of X-rays through oral structures to create a film record while a central tab or wing of dental X-ray film is being held between upper and lower teeth.Periapical Diseases: Diseases of the PERIAPICAL TISSUE surrounding the root of the tooth, which is distinguished from DENTAL PULP DISEASES inside the TOOTH ROOT.Malocclusion: Such malposition and contact of the maxillary and mandibular teeth as to interfere with the highest efficiency during the excursive movements of the jaw that are essential for mastication. (Jablonski, Illustrated Dictionary of Dentistry, 1982)Amelogenin: A major dental enamel-forming protein found in mammals. In humans the protein is encoded by GENES found on both the X CHROMOSOME and the Y CHROMOSOME.Patients' Rooms: Rooms occupied by one or more individuals during a stay in a health facility. The concept includes aspects of environment, design, care, or economics.Dental Arch: The curve formed by the row of TEETH in their normal position in the JAW. The inferior dental arch is formed by the mandibular teeth, and the superior dental arch by the maxillary teeth.Denture, Partial, Fixed: A partial denture attached to prepared natural teeth, roots, or implants by cementation.Jaw: Bony structure of the mouth that holds the teeth. It consists of the MANDIBLE and the MAXILLA.Dental Prosthesis Design: The plan and delineation of dental prostheses in general or a specific dental prosthesis. It does not include DENTURE DESIGN. The framework usually consists of metal.Periodontal Index: A numerical rating scale for classifying the periodontal status of a person or population with a single figure which takes into consideration prevalence as well as severity of the condition. It is based upon probe measurement of periodontal pockets and on gingival tissue status.Photography, Dental: Photographic techniques used in ORTHODONTICS; DENTAL ESTHETICS; and patient education.Dentin SensitivityDental Amalgam: An alloy used in restorative dentistry that contains mercury, silver, tin, copper, and possibly zinc.Orthodontic Brackets: Small metal or ceramic attachments used to fasten an arch wire. These attachments are soldered or welded to an orthodontic band or cemented directly onto the teeth. Bowles brackets, edgewise brackets, multiphase brackets, ribbon arch brackets, twin-wire brackets, and universal brackets are all types of orthodontic brackets.Glass Ionomer Cements: A polymer obtained by reacting polyacrylic acid with a special anion-leachable glass (alumino-silicate). The resulting cement is more durable and tougher than others in that the materials comprising the polymer backbone do not leach out.Gingivitis: Inflammation of gum tissue (GINGIVA) without loss of connective tissue.Calcium Hydroxide: A white powder prepared from lime that has many medical and industrial uses. It is in many dental formulations, especially for root canal filling.Esthetics, Dental: Skills, techniques, standards, and principles used to improve the art and symmetry of the teeth and face to improve the appearance as well as the function of the teeth, mouth, and face. (From Boucher's Clinical Dental Terminology, 4th ed, p108)Inlays: Restorations of metal, porcelain, or plastic made to fit a cavity preparation, then cemented into the tooth. Onlays are restorations which fit into cavity preparations and overlay the occlusal surface of a tooth or teeth. Onlays are retained by frictional or mechanical factors.Acid Etching, Dental: Preparation of TOOTH surfaces and DENTAL MATERIALS with etching agents, usually phosphoric acid, to roughen the surface to increase adhesion or osteointegration.Periodontal Splints: Fixed or removable devices that join teeth together. They are used to repair teeth that are mobile as a result of PERIODONTITIS.Gutta-Percha: Coagulated exudate isolated from several species of the tropical tree Palaquium (Sapotaceae). It is the trans-isomer of natural rubber and is used as a filling and impression material in dentistry and orthopedics and as an insulator in electronics. It has also been used as a rubber substitute.Cariostatic Agents: Substances that inhibit or arrest DENTAL CARIES formation. (Boucher's Clinical Dental Terminology, 4th ed)Periapical Tissue: Tissue surrounding the apex of a tooth, including the apical portion of the periodontal membrane and alveolar bone.Pitcairn Island: An island in Polynesia, in the south Pacific Ocean. It was discovered in 1767 by Philip Carteret, uninhabited until 1790 when settled by mutineers from the English ship, Bounty. The settlement was discovered in 1808; the population was removed temporarily to Tahiti in 1831 and to Norfolk Island (between New Caledonia and New Zealand) in 1856. Some later returned to Pitcairn and their descendents constitute the present population of this British colony. The island is named for the midshipman who first sighted it from the ship. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p958 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p422)Denture Cleansers: Substances used to clean dentures; they are usually alkaline peroxides or hypochlorites, may contain enzymes and release oxygen. Use also for sonic action cleaners.Dentinogenesis: The formation of dentin. Dentin first appears in the layer between the ameloblasts and odontoblasts and becomes calcified immediately. Formation progresses from the tip of the papilla over its slope to form a calcified cap becoming thicker by the apposition of new layers pulpward. A layer of uncalcified dentin intervenes between the calcified tissue and the odontoblast and its processes. (From Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992)Orthodontics, Corrective: The phase of orthodontics concerned with the correction of malocclusion with proper appliances and prevention of its sequelae (Jablonski's Illus. Dictionary of Dentistry).Orthodontic Extrusion: Orthodontic movement in the coronal direction achieved by outward tension on the PERIODONTAL LIGAMENT. It does not include the operative procedure that CROWN LENGTHENING involves.Dental Alloys: A mixture of metallic elements or compounds with other metallic or metalloid elements in varying proportions for use in restorative or prosthetic dentistry.Endodontics: A dental specialty concerned with the maintenance of the dental pulp in a state of health and the treatment of the pulp cavity (pulp chamber and pulp canal).Orthodontic Appliance Design: The planning, calculation, and creation of an apparatus for the purpose of correcting the placement or straightening of teeth.Periodontal Pocket: An abnormal extension of a gingival sulcus accompanied by the apical migration of the epithelial attachment and bone resorption.Pulpotomy: Dental procedure in which part of the pulp chamber is removed from the crown of a tooth.Dental Porcelain: A type of porcelain used in dental restorations, either jacket crowns or inlays, artificial teeth, or metal-ceramic crowns. It is essentially a mixture of particles of feldspar and quartz, the feldspar melting first and providing a glass matrix for the quartz. Dental porcelain is produced by mixing ceramic powder (a mixture of quartz, kaolin, pigments, opacifiers, a suitable flux, and other substances) with distilled water. (From Jablonski's Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992)Bruxism: A disorder characterized by grinding and clenching of the teeth.Alveolar Bone Loss: Resorption or wasting of the tooth-supporting bone (ALVEOLAR PROCESS) in the MAXILLA or MANDIBLE.Radiography, Dental, Digital: A rapid, low-dose, digital imaging system using a small intraoral sensor instead of radiographic film, an intensifying screen, and a charge-coupled device. It presents the possibility of reduced patient exposure and minimal distortion, although resolution and latitude are inferior to standard dental radiography. A receiver is placed in the mouth, routing signals to a computer which images the signals on a screen or in print. It includes digitizing from x-ray film or any other detector. (From MEDLINE abstracts; personal communication from Dr. Charles Berthold, NIDR)Denture, Partial, Fixed, Resin-Bonded: A commonly used prosthesis that results in a strong, permanent restoration. It consists of an electrolytically etched cast-metal retainer that is cemented (bonded), using resins, to adjacent teeth whose enamel was previously acid-treated (acid-etched). This type of bridgework is sometimes referred to as a Maryland bridge.Silicates: The generic term for salts derived from silica or the silicic acids. They contain silicon, oxygen, and one or more metals, and may contain hydrogen. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th Ed)Radiography, Dental: Radiographic techniques used in dentistry.Acrylic ResinsFossils: Remains, impressions, or traces of animals or plants of past geological times which have been preserved in the earth's crust.Dental Restoration, Temporary: A prosthesis or restoration placed for a limited period, from several days to several months, which is designed to seal the tooth and maintain its position until a permanent restoration (DENTAL RESTORATION, PERMANENT) will replace it. (From Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992)Surface Properties: Characteristics or attributes of the outer boundaries of objects, including molecules.Dental Abutments: Natural teeth or teeth roots used as anchorage for a fixed or removable denture or other prosthesis (such as an implant) serving the same purpose.Epoxy Resins: Polymeric resins derived from OXIRANES and characterized by strength and thermosetting properties. Epoxy resins are often used as dental materials.Dental Marginal Adaptation: The degree of approximation or fit of filling material or dental prosthetic to the tooth surface. A close marginal adaptation and seal at the interface is important for successful dental restorations.Fluorosis, Dental: A chronic endemic form of hypoplasia of the dental enamel caused by drinking water with a high fluorine content during the time of tooth formation, and characterized by defective calcification that gives a white chalky appearance to the enamel, which gradually undergoes brown discoloration. (Jablonski's Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p286)Dentures: An appliance used as an artificial or prosthetic replacement for missing teeth and adjacent tissues. It does not include CROWNS; DENTAL ABUTMENTS; nor TOOTH, ARTIFICIAL.Phosphoribosylaminoimidazolecarboxamide Formyltransferase: An enzyme that catalyzes the conversion of aminoimidazole-4-carboxamide ribonucleotide to 5-formyl-aminoimidazole-4-carboxamide ribonucleotide in the purine de novo synthesis pathway. It requires the cofactor N(10)-FORMYLTETRAHYDROFOLATE as the formyl donor.Dentin, Secondary: Dentin formed by normal pulp after completion of root end formation.Toothpastes: Dentifrices that are formulated into a paste form. They typically contain abrasives, HUMECTANTS; DETERGENTS; FLAVORING AGENTS; and CARIOSTATIC AGENTS.Sodium Hypochlorite: It is used as an oxidizing and bleaching agent and as a disinfectant. (From Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)Calcium Compounds: Inorganic compounds that contain calcium as an integral part of the molecule.Periodontitis: Inflammation and loss of connective tissues supporting or surrounding the teeth. This may involve any part of the PERIODONTIUM. Periodontitis is currently classified by disease progression (CHRONIC PERIODONTITIS; AGGRESSIVE PERIODONTITIS) instead of age of onset. (From 1999 International Workshop for a Classification of Periodontal Diseases and Conditions, American Academy of Periodontology)Dental Implant-Abutment Design: The plan and delineation of DENTAL IMPLANT fitting with DENTAL ABUTMENT.Microscopy, Electron, Scanning: Microscopy in which the object is examined directly by an electron beam scanning the specimen point-by-point. The image is constructed by detecting the products of specimen interactions that are projected above the plane of the sample, such as backscattered electrons. Although SCANNING TRANSMISSION ELECTRON MICROSCOPY also scans the specimen point by point with the electron beam, the image is constructed by detecting the electrons, or their interaction products that are transmitted through the sample plane, so that is a form of TRANSMISSION ELECTRON MICROSCOPY.Bisphenol A-Glycidyl Methacrylate: The reaction product of bisphenol A and glycidyl methacrylate that undergoes polymerization when exposed to ultraviolet light or mixed with a catalyst. It is used as a bond implant material and as the resin component of dental sealants and composite restorative materials.Dinosaurs: General name for two extinct orders of reptiles from the Mesozoic era: Saurischia and Ornithischia.Statistics, Nonparametric: A class of statistical methods applicable to a large set of probability distributions used to test for correlation, location, independence, etc. In most nonparametric statistical tests, the original scores or observations are replaced by another variable containing less information. An important class of nonparametric tests employs the ordinal properties of the data. Another class of tests uses information about whether an observation is above or below some fixed value such as the median, and a third class is based on the frequency of the occurrence of runs in the data. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed, p1284; Corsini, Concise Encyclopedia of Psychology, 1987, p764-5)Dental Instruments: Hand-held tools or implements especially used by dental professionals for the performance of clinical tasks.Dental Care: The total of dental diagnostic, preventive, and restorative services provided to meet the needs of a patient (from Illustrated Dictionary of Dentistry, 1982).Dental Caries Activity Tests: Diagnostic tests conducted in order to measure the increment of active DENTAL CARIES over a period of time.Periodontal Attachment Loss: Loss or destruction of periodontal tissue caused by periodontitis or other destructive periodontal diseases or by injury during instrumentation. Attachment refers to the periodontal ligament which attaches to the alveolar bone. It has been hypothesized that treatment of the underlying periodontal disease and the seeding of periodontal ligament cells enable the creating of new attachment.Fluorides, Topical: Fluorides, usually in pastes or gels, used for topical application to reduce the incidence of DENTAL CARIES.Stainless Steel: Stainless steel. A steel containing Ni, Cr, or both. It does not tarnish on exposure and is used in corrosive environments. (Grant & Hack's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)Amelogenin: A major dental enamel-forming protein found in mammals. In humans the protein is encoded by GENES found on both the X CHROMOSOME and the Y CHROMOSOME.Orthodontics: A dental specialty concerned with the prevention and correction of dental and oral anomalies (malocclusion).Stress, Mechanical: A purely physical condition which exists within any material because of strain or deformation by external forces or by non-uniform thermal expansion; expressed quantitatively in units of force per unit area.Dental Pulp Exposure: The result of pathological changes in the hard tissue of a tooth caused by carious lesions, mechanical factors, or trauma, which render the pulp susceptible to bacterial invasion from the external environment.Apexification: Endodontic procedure performed to induce TOOTH APEX barrier development. ROOT CANAL FILLING MATERIALS are used to repair open apex or DENTAL PULP NECROSIS in an immature tooth. CALCIUM HYDROXIDE and mineral trioxide aggregate are commonly used as the filling materials.Odontoma: A mixed tumor of odontogenic origin, in which both the epithelial and mesenchymal cells exhibit complete differentiation, resulting in the formation of tooth structures. (Jablonski, Illustrated Dictionary of Dentistry, 1982)Dentifrices: Any preparations used for cleansing teeth; they usually contain an abrasive, detergent, binder and flavoring agent and may exist in the form of liquid, paste or powder; may also contain medicaments and caries preventives.Dental Implants: Biocompatible materials placed into (endosseous) or onto (subperiosteal) the jawbone to support a crown, bridge, or artificial tooth, or to stabilize a diseased tooth.Dental Restoration Wear: Occlusal wear of the surfaces of restorations and surface wear of dentures.Zinc Oxide-Eugenol Cement: Used as a dental cement this is mainly zinc oxide (with strengtheners and accelerators) and eugenol. (Boucher's Clinical Dental Terminology, 4th ed, p50)Dental Etching: Preparation of TOOTH surfaces, and of materials bonded to teeth or DENTAL IMPLANTS, with agents and methods which roughen the surface to facilitate adhesion. Agents include phosphoric or other acids (ACID ETCHING, DENTAL) and methods include LASERS.Shear Strength: The internal resistance of a material to moving some parts of it parallel to a fixed plane, in contrast to stretching (TENSILE STRENGTH) or compression (COMPRESSIVE STRENGTH). Ionic crystals are brittle because, when subjected to shear, ions of the same charge are brought next to each other, which causes repulsion.X-Ray Microtomography: X-RAY COMPUTERIZED TOMOGRAPHY with resolution in the micrometer range.Dental Enamel Solubility: The susceptibility of the DENTAL ENAMEL to dissolution.Dental Pulp Capping: Application of a protective agent to an exposed pulp (direct capping) or the remaining thin layer of dentin over a nearly exposed pulp (indirect capping) in order to allow the pulp to recover and maintain its normal vitality and function.Dental Staff: Personnel who provide dental service to patients in an organized facility, institution or agency.Dental Prosthesis, Implant-Supported: A prosthesis that gains its support, stability, and retention from a substructure that is implanted under the soft tissues of the basal seat of the device and is in contact with bone. (From Boucher's Clinical Dental Terminology, 4th ed)Edar Receptor: A ectodysplasin receptor subtype that is specific for ECTODYSPLASIN A1. It signals via the specific signaling adaptor EDAR-ASSOCIATED DEATH DOMAIN PROTEIN. Loss of function of the edar receptor is associated with AUTOSOMAL RECESSIVE ANHIDROTIC ECTODERMAL DYSPLASIA and ECTODERMAL DYSPLASIA 3, ANHIDROTIC.Fluorides: Inorganic salts of hydrofluoric acid, HF, in which the fluorine atom is in the -1 oxidation state. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed) Sodium and stannous salts are commonly used in dentifrices.Mesoderm: The middle germ layer of an embryo derived from three paired mesenchymal aggregates along the neural tube.Dental Caries Susceptibility: The predisposition to tooth decay (DENTAL CARIES).Streptococcus mutans: A polysaccharide-producing species of STREPTOCOCCUS isolated from human dental plaque.Denture, Complete: A denture replacing all natural teeth and associated structures in both the maxilla and mandible.Dentition, Mixed: The complement of teeth in the jaws after the eruption of some of the permanent teeth but before all the deciduous teeth are absent. (Boucher's Clinical Dental Terminology, 4th ed)Methacrylates: Acrylic acids or acrylates which are substituted in the C-2 position with a methyl group.Apicoectomy: Excision of the apical portion of a tooth through an opening made in the overlying labial, buccal, or palatal alveolar bone. (Dorland, 28th ed)Gingival Crevicular Fluid: A fluid occurring in minute amounts in the gingival crevice, believed by some authorities to be an inflammatory exudate and by others to cleanse material from the crevice, containing sticky plasma proteins which improve adhesions of the epithelial attachment, have antimicrobial properties, and exert antibody activity. (From Jablonski, Illustrated Dictionary of Dentistry, 1982)Receptors, Ectodysplasin: Members of the TNF receptor family that are specific for ECTODYSPLASIN. At least two subtypes of the ectodysplasin receptor exist, each being specific for a ectodysplasin isoform. Signaling through ectodysplasin receptors plays an essential role in the normal ectodermal development. Genetic defects that result in loss of ectodysplasin receptor function results ECTODERMAL DYSPLASIA.Hardness: The mechanical property of material that determines its resistance to force. HARDNESS TESTS measure this property.Periapical Abscess: Acute or chronic inflammation of tissues surrounding the apical portion of a tooth, associated with the collection of pus, resulting from infection following pulp infection through a carious lesion or as a result of an injury causing pulp necrosis. (Dorland, 27th ed)Prosthesis Coloring: Coloring, shading, or tinting of prosthetic components, devices, and materials.Gingival DiseasesFluoridation: Practice of adding fluoride to water for the purpose of preventing tooth decay and cavities.Dental Pulp Diseases: Endodontic diseases of the DENTAL PULP inside the tooth, which is distinguished from PERIAPICAL DISEASES of the tissue surrounding the root.Saliva: The clear, viscous fluid secreted by the SALIVARY GLANDS and mucous glands of the mouth. It contains MUCINS, water, organic salts, and ptylin.Gingival Hemorrhage: The flowing of blood from the marginal gingival area, particularly the sulcus, seen in such conditions as GINGIVITIS, marginal PERIODONTITIS, injury, and ASCORBIC ACID DEFICIENCY.Forensic Anthropology: Scientific study of human skeletal remains with the express purpose of identification. This includes establishing individual identity, trauma analysis, facial reconstruction, photographic superimposition, determination of time interval since death, and crime-scene recovery. Forensic anthropologists do not certify cause of death but provide data to assist in determination of probable cause. This is a branch of the field of physical anthropology and qualified individuals are certified by the American Board of Forensic Anthropology. (From Am J Forensic Med Pathol 1992 Jun;13(2):146)

Developmental expression patterns of Bcl-2, Bcl-x, Bax, and Bak in teeth. (1/1158)

The ontogenic profile of expression of four members of the Bcl-2 family (Bcl-2, Bcl-x, Bax and Bak) was examined in the mouse by immunohistochemistry using paraffin sections. All four members were expressed in changing patterns during critical stages of tooth morphogenesis. Expression was detected in epithelial cell populations including the dental lamina, internal dental epithelium (IDE; differentiating ameloblasts), stratum intermedium and stellate reticulum cells, as well as in the condensed dental mesenchyme. The temporo-spatial localization of the various members of the Bcl-2 family in dental epithelium and mesenchyme showed striking overlapping areas but often their expression patterns differed. In general, contemporaneous co-expression of the Bcl-2 and Bax proteins, and of the Bcl-x and Bak proteins was noted in various types of cells during the developmental process, with the intensity of Bcl-2>Bax and of Bak>Bcl-x. Expression was pronounced at sites where interaction between surface ectoderm and induced mesenchyme takes place, and at the enamel knot, which is regarded as organization/regulating center for tooth development. Around birth, after the structural maturation was accomplished, the expression was down-regulated. The absence of elevated expression of each of these four members of the Bcl-2 family after birth in the teeth suggests that these proteins are relevant during the accomplishment of the basic architecture but not once the structure of the tooth is established.  (+info)

Australopithecus garhi: a new species of early hominid from Ethiopia. (2/1158)

The lack of an adequate hominid fossil record in eastern Africa between 2 and 3 million years ago (Ma) has hampered investigations of early hominid phylogeny. Discovery of 2.5 Ma hominid cranial and dental remains from the Hata beds of Ethiopia's Middle Awash allows recognition of a new species of Australopithecus. This species is descended from Australopithecus afarensis and is a candidate ancestor for early Homo. Contemporary postcranial remains feature a derived humanlike humeral/femoral ratio and an apelike upper arm-to-lower arm ratio.  (+info)

Clinical trial of three 10% carbamide peroxide bleaching products. (3/1158)

BACKGROUND: A profusion of commercial bleaching systems exists on the market today, but there are few clinical comparisons of these systems. METHODS: In this study, three different commercial 10% carbamide peroxide bleaching systems were used by 24 patients in an overnight protocol for two weeks. Each patient used two of the bleaching products simultaneously in a side-by-side comparison. RESULTS: The mean onset of tooth whitening was 2.4 +/- 1.7 days. Tooth sensitivity was the most frequent side effect, as 64% of the patients reported tooth sensitivity occurring after 4.8 +/- 4.1 days and lasting for 5.0 +/- 3.8 days. Although intrapatient differences were recorded for the three commercial 10% carbamide peroxide bleaching systems by the patients, there were no statistical differences in the time of onset of subjective tooth whitening and the onset, frequency and duration of tooth sensitivity among the three commercial bleaching systems when compared pairwise or independently (p < 0.05). CONCLUSION: Selection of which bleaching product to use should be based on the concentration of the active ingredient, the viscosity of the product and other marketing features. Further research is needed to investigate the causes of tooth sensitivity and methods to reduce its severity and frequency.  (+info)

Blastogenic response of human lymphocytes to oral bacterial antigens: comparison of individuals with periodontal disease to normal and edentulous subjects. (4/1158)

Cell-mediated immunity in humans to antigens derived from oral plaque bacteria was investigated by using the lymphocyte blastogenesis assay. Subjects with varying severities of periodontal disease including normal, gingivitis, periodontitis, and edentulous were compared. Mononuclear leukocytes were separated from peripheral blood and cultured with antigens prepared by sonication of Actinomyces viscosus (AV), Actinomyces naeslundii (AN), Veillonella alcalescens (VA), Leptotrichia buccalis (LB), Bacteroides melaninogenicus (BM), and homologous dental plaque (DP). The lymphocyte response of subjects with gingivitis or periodontitis was significantly greater than that of normal subjects to antigens of AV, AN, and DP, but did not differ from the response of edentulous subjects. Periodontitis subjects were significantly more reactive than edentulous and normal subjects in response to VA, LB, and BM. These findings suggest that the tested gram-negative bacteria and the host response they evoke are associated with advanced periodontal destruction.  (+info)

Immunohistological distributions of fibronectin, tenascin, type I, III and IV collagens, and laminin during tooth development and degeneration in fetuses of minke whale, Balaenoptera acutorostrata. (5/1158)

The immunohistological distributions of fibronectin, tenascin, type I, III and IV collagens, and laminin were observed in the tooth buds of fetuses of minke whale, Balaenoptera acutorostrata. Distributions of extracellular matrices (ECMs) examined in this study except for tenascin were generally similar to those of terrestrial mammalian species during development of the tooth bud. Tenascin in the fetuses of minke whale showed characteristic distributions in the dental lamina and the enamel organ in the early tooth developmental stage. In the physiological degeneration stage of tooth bud development, immunoreactivity of the ECMs were very weakly and limitedly detected in the dental papilla and the surrounding mesenchyme. Immunoreactivity of tenascin and type I and III collagens were positively detected in the developing baleen plate germ which was associated with the degenerating tooth bud. These findings suggested that expressions of the ECMs were related to the formation of the tooth bud and baleen plate germ, and that the lack of the ECMs was related to the degeneration of the tooth bud in the fetal minke whale.  (+info)

Cbfa1 is required for epithelial-mesenchymal interactions regulating tooth development in mice. (6/1158)

Osteoblasts and odontoblasts, cells that are responsible for the formation of bone and dentin matrices respectively, share several molecular characteristics. Recently, Cbfa1 was shown to be a critical transcriptional regulator of osteoblast differentiation. Mutations in this gene cause cleidocranial dysplasia (CCD), an autosomal dominant disorder in humans and mice characterized by defective bone formation. CCD also results in dental defects that include supernumerary teeth and delayed eruption of permanent dentition. The dental abnormalities in CCD suggest an important role for this molecule in the formation of dentition. Here we describe results of studies aimed at understanding the functions of Cbfa1 in tooth formation. RT-PCR and in situ hybridization analyses show that Cbfa1 has a unique expression pattern in dental mesenchyme from the bud to early bell stages during active epithelial morphogenesis. Unlike that observed in osteoblast differentiation, Cbfa1 is downregulated in fully differentiated odontoblasts and is surprisingly expressed in ectodermally derived ameloblasts during the maturation phase of enamel formation. The role of Cbfa1 in tooth morphogenesis is further illustrated by the misshapen and severely hypoplastic tooth organs in Cbfa1-/- mice. These tooth organs lacked overt odontoblast and ameloblast differentiation and normal dentin and enamel matrices. Epithelial-mesenchymal recombinants demonstrate that dental epithelium regulates mesenchymal Cbfa1 expression during the bud and cap stages and that these effects are mimicked by the FGFs but not by the BMPs as shown by our bead implantation assays. We propose that Cbfa1 regulates the expression of molecules in mesenchyme that act reciprocally on dental epithelium to control its growth and differentiation. Taken together, our data indicate a non-redundant role for Cbfa1 in tooth development that may be distinct from that in bone formation. In odontogenesis, Cbfa1 is not involved in the early signaling networks regulating tooth initiation and early morphogenesis but regulates key epithelial-mesenchymal interactions that control advancing morphogenesis and histodifferentiation of the epithelial enamel organ.  (+info)

An mtDNA analysis in ancient Basque populations: implications for haplogroup V as a marker for a major paleolithic expansion from southwestern europe. (7/1158)

mtDNA sequence variation was studied in 121 dental samples from four Basque prehistoric sites, by high-resolution RFLP analysis. The results of this study are corroborated by (1) parallel analysis of 92 bone samples, (2) the use of controls during extraction and amplification, and (3) typing by both positive and negative restriction of the linked sites that characterize each haplogroup. The absence of haplogroup V in the prehistoric samples analyzed conflicts with the hypothesis proposed by Torroni et al., in which haplogroup V is considered as an mtDNA marker for a major Paleolithic population expansion from southwestern Europe, occurring approximately 10,000-15,000 years before the present (YBP). Our samples from the Basque Country provide a valuable tool for checking the previous hypothesis, which is based on genetic data from present-day populations. In light of the available data, the most realistic scenario to explain the origin and distribution of haplogroup V suggests that the mutation defining that haplogroup (4577 NlaIII) appeared at a time when the effective population size was small enough to allow genetic drift to act-and that such drift is responsible for the heterogeneity observed in Basques, with regard to the frequency of haplogroup V (0%-20%). This is compatible with the attributed date for the origin of that mutation (10,000-15, 000 YBP), because during the postglacial period (the Mesolithic, approximately 11,000 YBP) there was a major demographic change in the Basque Country, which minimized the effect of genetic drift. This interpretation does not rely on migratory movements to explain the distribution of haplogroup V in present-day Indo-European populations.  (+info)

Expression of Wnt signalling pathway genes during tooth development. (8/1158)

We have carried out comparative in situ hybridisation analysis of six Wnt genes Wnts-3, -4, -5a, -6, -7b, and 10b together with Wnt receptor MFz6 and receptor agonist/antagonists MFrzb1 and Mfrp2 during murine odontogenesis from the earliest formation of the epithelial thickening to the early bell stage. Expression of Wnt-4, Wnt-6, and one Wnt receptor MFz6 was observed in the facial, oral and dental epithelium. Wnt10b was localised specifically to the presumptive dental epithelium. Wnts-3 and -7b were expressed in oral epithelium but showed no expression in the presumptive dental epithelium. Wnt-3 also showed no expression in the epithelial cells of the molar bud stage tooth germs, but showed restricted expression in the enamel knots which are signalling centres believed to be involved in regulating tooth shape. Wnts -6, -10b and MFz6 were also detected in the primary and secondary enamel knots. Wnt-5a and agonist/antagonists MFrzb1 and Mfrp2 were expressed in a graded proximo-distal (P-D) manner in mesenchymal cells during the early stages of tooth development with no overlying expression in the oral or dental epithelium. Wnt-5a and MFrzb1 show strong expression in the dental papilla mesenchyme.  (+info)

*Tooth

Overall, crocodilians may use 3,000 teeth from birth to death. New teeth are created within old teeth. True teeth are unique to ... Only four teeth are used for chewing at a given time, and as each tooth wears out, another tooth moves forward to take its ... Most amphibians exhibit teeth that have a slight attachment to the jaw or acrodont teeth. Acrodont teeth exhibit limited ... These teeth are also known as aradicular teeth, and unlike humans whose ameloblasts die after tooth development, rodents ...

*Charles Tooth

... was born 14 February 1831 in Cranbrooke, Kent. He was the son of Robert Tooth (1799-1867) and Mary Ann Reader (c ... Tooth became managing partner of the Tooth Brothers' brewery (later Crescent Brewery) in Burton upon Trent in 1855. This was ... "Reverend Charles Tooth". The Peerage. Bayley 2010, p. 3. "Robert Tooth". The Peerage. "Eliza Tabberer". The Peerage. Bayley ... Tooth was admitted as a fellow-commoner to Downing College in 1860 and graduated from the University of Cambridge with a B.A. ...

*Wisdom tooth

... in which case the extras are called supernumerary teeth. Wisdom teeth commonly affect other teeth as they develop, becoming ... Wisdom teeth generally erupt between the ages of 17 and 25. Most adults have four wisdom teeth, one in each of the four ... Wisdom teeth are also classified by the presence of symptoms and disease. Treatment of an erupted wisdom tooth is the same as ... Impacted wisdom teeth are classified by the direction and depth of impaction, the amount of available space for tooth eruption ...

*Jackson Tooth

... (80°25′S 23°16′W / 80.417°S 23.267°W / -80.417; -23.267Coordinates: 80°25′S 23°16′W / 80.417°S 23.267°W / - ... "Jackson Tooth". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey. Retrieved 2012-07-13. This article ... incorporates public domain material from the United States Geological Survey document "Jackson Tooth" (content from the ...

*Dog-tooth

The petals have the form of the pointed conical canine tooth, eye tooth or cuspid. In the apse of the church at Murano, near ... The term has been supposed to originate in a resemblance to the dog tooth violet, but the original idea of a projecting tooth ... A dog-tooth or "dogtooth pattern", in architecture, is an ornament found in the moldings of medieval work of the commencement ... "Dogtooth" is also a woven fabric pattern which resembles a canine tooth. A "dogtooth" in aviation is a wing or tailplane design ...

*Arthur Tooth

... SSC (17 June 1839 - 5 March 1931) was a ritualist priest in the Church of England and a member of the Society of ... Tooth was born on 17 June 1839 at Swifts Park near Cranbrook, Kent. He was educated at Tonbridge School and, in 1858, became a ... Arthur Tooth died at Otford on 5 March 1931, and was buried in Crystal Palace District Cemetery. There is a memorial in the ... Tooth did not attend as he refused to recognise the authority of the court. He ignored both the judicial warnings that resulted ...

*Liane Tooth

"Liane Tooth OAM". Hockey Australia. Retrieved 8 January 2012. [permanent dead link] "Liane Tooth OAM". Sport Australia Hall of ... Liane Marianne Tooth, OAM (born 13 March 1962 in Sydney, New South Wales) is a retired field hockey forward, who twice won the ... Tooth was the first female hockey player to compete in four Olympic Games (1984 to 1996). She began playing field hockey at ...

*Tooth pathology

... (or tooth diseases, tooth disorders or dental pathology), is any condition of the teeth that can be congenital ... "Cavities/tooth decay". Mayo Clinic. Retrieved 2013-12-30. "The Tooth Decay Process: How to Reverse It and Avoid a Cavity". ... Sometimes a congenital tooth diseases are called tooth abnormalities. These are among the most common diseases in humans The ... Bacteria in the mouth use foods that contain sugar or starch to produce acids which eat away at the tooth's structure causing ...

*Shark tooth

In taxonomy, shark teeth are counted as follows: rows of teeth are counted along the line of the jaw, while series of teeth are ... A single tooth row includes one or more functional teeth at the front of the jaw, and multiple replacement teeth behind this. ... "Sink your teeth into this: 20 facts about shark teeth". Beach Chair Scientist. "Georgia State Fossil - Shark Tooth". Case, ... In order to identify teeth and specific information about the teeth, research can be done on a shark tooth. This research may ...

*Tooth Tunes

"Hasbro Tooth Tunes toothbrush makes you a loud mouth". Engadget.com. Retrieved 2007-01-31. "Hasbro's Tooth Tunes". we make ... Official Hasbro Tooth Tunes page Tooth Tunes Dissection / Disassembly. ... Tooth Tunes is a children's toothbrush released by the Tiger Electronics division of Hasbro in 2007. A single toothbrush has a ... Each brush plays a two-minute song clip from a particular artist to encourage a child to brush their teeth for the dentist- ...

*Tooth resorption

... is a process by which all or part of a tooth structure is lost due to activation of the body's innate capacity ... The first evidence of the lesion may be the appearance of a pink-hued area on the crown of the tooth; the hyperplastic, ... The cause can sometimes be attributed to trauma to the tooth, but other times there is no known cause. If the condition is ... This is caused by living body cells attacking part of the tooth. Severe root resorption is very difficult to treat and often ...

*William Tooth

Tooth married Lucy Ann Harris (died 1916) in Sydney in 1850 and together had nine children. He died in Toowoomba in 1876 and ... William Butler Tooth was an English born Australian politician and pastoralist, who from 1858-1859 represented the Electoral ... "Mr William Butler TOOTH". Parliament.nsw.gov.au. 2008-09-15. Retrieved 2014-04-08. "PERSONAL". Darling Downs Gazette (Qld. : ...

*Spooky Tooth

"Spooky Tooth - Tobacco Road". Discogs.com. 7 May 2015. Retrieved 15 June 2016. Fan website Spooky Tooth biography, discography ... The Best of Spooky Tooth (produced by Island Records ILPS9368-A, imported by Jem Records) 1999: The Best of Spooky Tooth: That ... Spooky Tooth was formed from Art, when Gary Wright joined in October 1967. Wright was introduced to the members of Art by Chris ... Spooky Tooth was an English rock band principally active between 1967 and 1974. In recent years, the band has been re-formed ...

*Infundibulum (tooth)

Helps to anchor the tooth by attaching it via the periodontal ligament in the pulp chamber of the tooth. Jolly, Neil. "Classic ... The cheek teeth of elephants express this in a slightly different form with the vertical curtains of enamel coming in from the ... Simple tooth infundibula occur most notably in the incisors of horses and other equines, but they also occur in the premolars ... As the enamel is worn away and the dentin is exposed, the ring structure of the tooth is visible. There is the outer casing of ...

*Douglas Tooth

Tooth was elected to the Queensland Legislative Assembly in Kelvin Grove at the 1957 election, defeating Turner. Tooth held ... Tooth was unsuccessful in contesting the 1956 election in the electoral district of Kelvin Grove as the candidate for the ... Sir Seymour Douglas (Doug) Tooth (1904-1982) was a politician in Queensland, Australia. He was a Member of the Queensland ... "Tooth, Sir Seymour Douglas (Doug)". Re-Member Database. Queensland Parliament. Retrieved 29 January 2015. ...

*Tooth polishing

Precautions include; teeth without existing stain, newly erupted teeth, tooth decalcification, hypo-calcification, hypoplasia, ... Tooth polishing is done to smooth the surfaces of teeth and restorations. The purpose of polishing is to remove extrinsic ... Tooth polishing should also be avoided in the case of allergies and communicable diseases. Tooth scaling Scaling is a process ... This suggests that tooth polishing should be based on the clients individual needs. Previously, tooth polishing was a service ...

*Bazooka Tooth

"Bazooka Tooth - Aesop Rock". Metacritic. CBS Interactive. Retrieved December 14, 2014. Bush, John. "Bazooka Tooth - Aesop Rock ... Bazooka Tooth is the fourth studio album by American hip hop artist Aesop Rock. It was released on Definitive Jux in 2003. ... Bazooka Tooth received generally favorable reviews from critics. Metacritic gave the album a score of 74/100, based on 16 ... David Morris of PopMatters gave the album an unfavorable review and said, "Bazooka Tooth is almost a textbook example of what ...

*Molar (tooth)

It is a type of dentition characterized by low-crowned teeth. Human teeth are brachydont. A brachydont tooth has a crown above ... The molars or molar teeth are large, flat teeth at the back of the mouth. They are more developed in mammals. They are used ... The tribosphenic tooth is found in insectivores and young platypuses (adults have no teeth). Upper molars look like three- ... The third, rearmost molar in each group is called a wisdom tooth. It is the last tooth to appear, breaking through the front of ...

*Egg tooth

The egg tooth falls off several days after hatching. Kiwis lack an egg tooth, instead using their legs and beak to break ... "Crocodilian Biology Database - Teeth (Egg tooth)". Florida Museum of Natural History. Archived from the original on 27 December ... The egg tooth is used to tear open the inner membrane; the baby crocodile can then push its way through the outer shell. If ... A baby crocodile has an egg tooth on the end of its snout. It is a tough piece of skin which is resorbed less than two months ...

*Tooth worm

It was supposed that the disease was caused by small worms resident within the tooth, and eating it away. The origins of the ... These structures, while not worms or caused by worms may have given rise to the Tooth Worm belief. It is unclear what these ... The idea of a Tooth Worm is an erroneous theory of the cause of dental caries, periodontitis and toothaches. Once widespread, ... Modern veterinary practice shows that when removed intact, the necrotic or partially necrotic tooth pulp has an appearance like ...

*Tooth whitening

... teeth tend to be darker. Baby teeth (deciduous teeth) are generally whiter than the adult teeth that follow, again due to ... Teeth may be darkened by a buildup of surface stains (extrinsic staining), which hides the natural tooth color; or the tooth ... Tooth whitening (termed tooth bleaching when utilizing bleach), is either the restoration of a natural tooth shade or whitening ... In-Office, the teeth are polished using pumice, the bleaching agent is added. The teeth are washed with a lot of water then ...

*Dick Tooth

Richard Murray Tooth was born in Bombala and his family relocated to Newcastle when he was seven years of age. He attended ... Dick Tooth born 1929 is an Australian former rugby union footballer of the 1950s. He represented for the Wallabies in ten Test ... Their daughter, Liane Tooth, is a double Olympic gold medallist. His nephew Tim Walsh was a first grade rugby player with Leeds ... Richard Tooth. The bride's attendants are (from left) Mrs. Ian Curlewis, Maud Stenstrom, and Mrs. Max Elliott. Tony Megahey; ...

*Dead Tooth

"Dead Tooth" is the second episode of the first season of the Fox sitcom Raising Hope. The episode was written by series creator ... "Dead Tooth" received mixed reviews from critics. According to the Nielsen Media Research, it was watched by 7.09 million ... In its original American broadcast, "Dead Tooth" was viewed by an estimated 7.09 million viewers with a 3.1 rating/8% share ... thevoiceoftv.com/blog/review-raising-hope-season-1-episode-2-dead-tooth/16966. ...

*Human tooth

The tooth bud (sometimes called the tooth germ) is an aggregation of cells that eventually forms a tooth. It is organized into ... Tooth eruption in humans is a process in tooth development in which the teeth enter the mouth and become visible. Current ... Dens invaginatus, also called Dens in dente, is a deep invagination in a tooth causing the appearance of a tooth within a tooth ... The pulp is commonly called "the nerve" of the tooth. Tooth development is the complex process by which teeth form from ...

*Tooth decay

The teeth most likely affected are the maxillary anterior teeth, but all teeth can be affected. The name for this type of ... The tooth is filled and a crown can be placed. Upon completion of root canal therapy, the tooth is non-vital, as it is devoid ... In both cases, teeth may be left more vulnerable to decay because the enamel is not able to protect the tooth. In most people, ... Tooth decay, also known as dental caries or cavities, is a breakdown of teeth due to acids made by bacteria. The cavities may ...
A Japanese group, led by cell biologist Takashi Tsuji of Tokyo University of Science in Noda, Chiba Prefecture, focused on tooth germs, the embryonic tissues that develop into teeth. After obtaining such germs from mouse embryos, they separated out two types of cells-epithelial cells and mesenchymal cells-and then recombined them into a new bioengineered tooth germ. The team then grew the bioengineered germs in a special culture for 5 to 7 days and transplanted them into the upper jaws of adult mice in the place of an extracted molar. New teeth poked through the gums after about 36 days and reached the proper size and alignment with opposing teeth for proper chewing after 49 days.. All indications are that the teeth function just like the real thing. They have the roots, inner pulp, and outer enamel of normal teeth and are just as hard, the team reports. Moreover, unlike dental implants, the regenerated teeth develop the periodontal ligaments that tie normal teeth to the supporting bone and the ...
Throughout your life, you will have two sets of teeth: primary (baby) teeth and secondary (permanent) teeth. At age 6-8 months, the primary teeth appear; all 20 are in place by age 3. Permanent teeth will begin to grow around age 6, and except for wisdom teeth, are all present between ages 12 and 14. The next teeth to grow in are the 12-year molars and finally the wisdom teeth. Wisdom teeth typically begin breaking through from age 17 and on. The total number of permanent teeth is 32, though few people have room for all 32 teeth. This is why wisdom teeth are usually removed.. Your front teeth are called incisors. The sharp "fang-like" teeth are canines. The next side teeth are referred to as pre-molars or bicuspids, and the back teeth are molars. Your permanent teeth are the ones you keep for life, so it is vital that they are brushed and flossed regularly and that periodic check-ups by a dentist are followed.. ...
Baby teeth hold space in the jaw for the adult teeth. If a baby tooth is lost too early, the teeth beside it may drift into the empty space. When its time for the adult teeth to come in, there may not be enough room for them. This may cause adult teeth to be crowded and crooked. Crooked teeth may be hard to keep clean.. If a baby tooth is lost too early, the teeth beside it may drift into the empty space.. If a childs baby teeth are healthy, it is more likely his adult teeth will be healthy too. Children who have decay in their baby teeth are more likely to have decay in their adult teeth.. Decayed and crooked teeth also can affect your childs self-esteem. Tooth decay is not only unhealthy, it also looks bad. If your child has tooth decay he may feel bad about his smile. On the other hand, a nice-looking smile can give your child confidence at school.. ...
Teeth are for life time and should not get loose even at 59 years of age. If gums are healthy, then teeth will not get loose even at advanced age. Teeth can get loose due to trauma to tooth or because of deposits in relation to teeth or can get loose because of some systemic conditions like diabetes. If teeth are mobile because of gum infection, then dental cleaning can be done to make teeth firm. Gum surgeries may also be required. Patient should maintain good oral hygiene in this condition and should brush and floss his teeth regularly to avoid deposits on teeth which can further lead to teeth loosening. If teeth are loose because of trauma, then splinting or capping can be given to the patient. If there is root infection present in relation to loose tooth, then root canal therapy will also be done. If systemic condition is reason for loosening of tooth, then systemic condition should be brought under control. If teeth are very loose, then you can get the teeth pulled out. If teeth are pulled ...
Optional tuning gear for the E10. A lower tooth count on the pinion gear will give you more acceleration, while a higher tooth count will give you extra top speed. Have a selection of pinion gears available so you can tune the speed of your car as desired!. Note: not compatible with 48-pitch and 64-pitch spur gears. A full selection of 0.6M pinion gears are available to tune the gearing of your E10 for any track type: #88020 PINION GEAR 20 TOOTH (0.6M) #88021 PINION GEAR 21 TOOTH (0.6M) #88023 PINION GEAR 23 TOOTH (0.6M) #88024 PINION GEAR 24 TOOTH (0.6M) #88025 PINION GEAR 25 TOOTH (0.6M) #88026 PINION GEAR 26 TOOTH (0.6M) #88027 PINION GEAR 27 TOOTH (0.6M) #88028 PINION GEAR 28 TOOTH (0.6M) #88029 PINION GEAR 29 TOOTH (0.6M) #88030 PINION GEAR 30 TOOTH (0.6M) #88031 PINION GEAR 31 TOOTH (0.6M) #88032 PINION GEAR 32 TOOTH (0.6M) #88033 PINION GEAR 33 TOOTH (0.6M) #88034 PINION GEAR 34 TOOTH (0.6M) #88035 PINION GEAR 35 TOOTH (0.6M). ...
Optional tuning gear for the E10. A lower tooth count on the pinion gear will give you more acceleration, while a higher tooth count will give you extra top speed. Have a selection of pinion gears available so you can tune the speed of your car as desired!. Note: not compatible with 48-pitch and 64-pitch spur gears. A full selection of 0.6M pinion gears are available to tune the gearing of your E10 for any track type: #88020 PINION GEAR 20 TOOTH (0.6M) #88021 PINION GEAR 21 TOOTH (0.6M) #88023 PINION GEAR 23 TOOTH (0.6M) #88024 PINION GEAR 24 TOOTH (0.6M) #88025 PINION GEAR 25 TOOTH (0.6M) #88026 PINION GEAR 26 TOOTH (0.6M) #88027 PINION GEAR 27 TOOTH (0.6M) #88028 PINION GEAR 28 TOOTH (0.6M) #88029 PINION GEAR 29 TOOTH (0.6M) #88030 PINION GEAR 30 TOOTH (0.6M) #88031 PINION GEAR 31 TOOTH (0.6M) #88032 PINION GEAR 32 TOOTH (0.6M) #88033 PINION GEAR 33 TOOTH (0.6M) #88034 PINION GEAR 34 TOOTH (0.6M) #88035 PINION GEAR 35 TOOTH (0.6M). ...
Many people who have teeth grinding remain unaware of it until additional health problems arise. Teeth grinding, also known as Bruxism is the grinding, clenching, or gnashing of the teeth, whether awake or sleeping. Those who grind their teeth while sleeping usually dont know that they do.. Bruxism is a problem because teeth grinding causes tooth enamel to wear down. Your teeth should only come into contact when youre chewing or swallowing. When tooth enamel wears down, the inner part of your tooth becomes exposed. Additional dental problems can occur because these delicate parts of your tooth are no longer protected by the enamel.. Some common symptoms of Teeth Grinding include:. · Jaw pain. · Sore facial muscles. · Waking up with a headache. · Tight jaw muscles. · Trouble opening your mouth wide. · Broken dental fillings. · Damage to the teeth. If youre worried that you might have Bruxism, you can ask a dentist to check. To determine whether or not you suffer from teeth grinding, ...
Invisible aligners are the perfect choice for correcting crooked teeth. Disproportions in the arrangement of the teeth give an unpleasant look. Any kind of abnormalities in the alignment of the teeth makes difficult in cleaning, brushing or flossing the mouth. Unclean teeth cause many serious problems such as gum infection, tooth decay, tooth loss, chewing problems, etc. By rectifying your teeth with invisible aligners, you can easily avoid all such devastating tooth problems. These are modern new age aligners which are transparent and can correct a series of tooth problems such as cross bites, under bites, overbites, irregularities of teeth, spacious teeth s, overlapping teeth s, protruding teeth s, crowded teeth and so on ...
Losing a tooth is a big moment for any child. As a parent, you want to be able to make those moments memorable. When do kids lose their teeth? According to the Mayo Clinic, children begin to lose their baby or primary teeth around the age of six and may continue to lose their teeth up to the age of 13. While this range will vary from child to child, girls tend to lose their teeth sooner than boys. The following are some tips to help you and your child prepare for the first loss of a baby tooth.. Start the Conversation Early. A common question from many children is, "Why is my tooth falling out?" Baby teeth loosen as their roots begin to dissolve. The time it takes for one tooth to fall out after it has become loose is generally a few months. As the adult tooth begins to grow, the baby tooth becomes increasingly looser. Teeth tend to fall out in the same order in which they came in. The bottom two front teeth generally fall out first followed by the top two front teeth. Try to keep the ...
The present invention relates to a recording medium a method and an apparatus for generating virtual teeth and recording media storing a program performing the method. According to an embodiment of the present invention, a method for generating virtual teeth includes (a) acquiring a tooth image having three-dimensional information from teeth including a damaged tooth; (b) determining an image of a virtual tooth to be inserted into a position of the damaged tooth in a tooth image library having predetermined three-dimensional information and inserting the determined virtual tooth image into the acquired tooth image; and (c) modifying the virtual tooth image by considering tooth images positioned at upper and lower sides or right and left sides of the virtual tooth image. According to the embodiment of the present invention, it is possible to produce a prosthesis most suitable for the state of patients teeth only once and an operator can minimize post-processing of the produced prosthesis. Further,
1 - The enamel and dentin are thinner in baby teeth, and the pulp is bigger relative to the rest of the tooth. This means that if your child gets a cavity, it will travel much faster to the nerve of the tooth. This is one more reason why its important to take your child to the dentist before they turn one year old and get routine checkups thereafter.. Not sure what enamel, dentin, and pulp are? Read my previous article about the anatomy of a tooth.. 2 - Permanent teeth are more yellow than baby teeth. Take a quick look at the picture above and youll see that the six permanent teeth that are visible dont look nearly as white as the other baby teeth.. 3 - Baby teeth have shorter roots - because of this they arent anchored as well into the bone and may fall out more easily if your child falls on a hard step or hits their mouth on the coffee table. The shorter roots also give the permanent teeth more room to develop underneath the baby teeth and make it easier to dissolve the roots of the baby ...
Tooth agenesis is one of predominant developmental anomalies in humans, usually affecting the permanent dentition generated by sequential tooth formation, and in most cases caused by mutations perturbing epithelial Wnt/β-catenin signaling. Also loss-of-function mutations in the Wnt feedback inhibitor AXIN2 lead to human tooth agenesis. We investigated the functions of Wnt/β-catenin signaling during sequential formation of molar teeth using mouse models. Continuous initiation of new teeth, observed after genetic activation of Wnt/β-catenin signaling in the oral epithelium, was accompanied by enhanced expression of Wnt antagonists and a downregulation of Wnt/β-catenin signaling in the dental mesenchyme. Genetic and pharmacological activation of mesenchymal Wnt/β-catenin signaling negatively regulated sequential tooth formation, an effect partly mediated by Bmp4. Runx2, a gene whose loss-of-function mutations result in sequential formation of supernumerary teeth in the human cleidocranial ...
1. State the objective and introduce the lesson on brushing and flossing. 2. Define Cavity 3. Define Plaque as buildup on our teeth. 4. Many people think being unhealthy means being overweight, having an illness...not as having unhealthy teeth. Teeth are a very important part of your body. Your teeth are designed to last you a lifetime, with proper care they can! 5. Basic care of teeth includes brushing your teeth daily, at least twice a day, and after meals if possible. Brushing your teeth helps to remove bacteria and plaque from your teeth, gums, and mouth. 6. Flossing is just as important as brushing. Flossing cleans and removes food particles which become lodged in between your teeth. It also removes plaque build up. You should be sure to floss between each tooth and dont skip around. "Dont floss all your teeth, only the ones you want to keep." 7. Does anyone know what Fluoride is? Fluoride has been identified as the most important factor in preventing tooth decay. Fluoride in the water ...
Whatever the reason, many folks are turned away from the idea of braces. They pin their hopes on the imagined chance that their childrens teeth will gradually and naturally straight out.. Is there any basis for this reasoning?. Normal Tooth Spacing is Age-Dependent. As the adult take over the places baby teeth once rested in, things get a little messy!. Permanent teeth grow in as the jaw expands. Some adult teeth come in before the baby teeth are out of the way. All of this change leads to some overlapping and big gaps.. For instance, the bottom front teeth often erupt towards the tongue. This can be a little alarming, but these teeth actually should straighten out on their own.. If most teeth can naturally even out, at what point are braces necessary?. Early Ortho Evaluations Save Smiles!. Its a good idea for kids to visit an orthodontist by around the age of 7. This is a great time for the dentist to see how tooth development is progressing and anticipate how severe problems can be. At this ...
More than 5 million teeth are knocked out in the United States every year. If you find yourself or your child in this situation, dont panic. With the proper steps taken the tooth can be saved and as good as new in a few hours.. The first step you should take if your tooth is knocked-out is to retrieve the tooth by the crown, the part that is exposed above the gums in the mouth. Try not to touch any attached tissue that is normally below the gums. Rinse the tooth if necessary, but do not use soap, scrub, or dry the tooth. If possible try to put the tooth back in the socket, but never force it. If the tooth wont rest comfortably in the socket then placing the tooth between your cheek and gums is the next best option. Another option is to place the tooth in a glass of milk. It is important that the tooth stays moist, although water is not a good option. No matter the case it is important to see your dentist at Dental365 as soon as possible. Teeth that have been knocked out have a higher chance of ...
15 years ago when I was 8, I lost one of my front teeth in an accident. As a result, my other front tooth moved over and is now smack dab in the middle. My other front teeth moved with it; for the most part, my top teeth are straight. I cannot get over the fact that I have one front tooth. There is no longer a gap, but since my two front teeth were longer than the rest of my teeth, my now one front tooth hangs lower and it makes me extremely self conscious. My question is: Are there veneers that can cover my front tooth (teeth) that can make it appear as though I have 2 front teeth? Or would I need a crown? Any information would be much appreciated. I feel like Im the only person in the world with 1 front tooth who doesnt have a gap and has a straight smile. Thank you in advance ...
The answer of this qs is very long for you.A dead tooth often becomes dark or turns black because of the rotting material inside. There may be no symptoms at all and someone can walk around with a dead tooth for years before becoming aware of it.. The dead tooth often becomes obvious when something else happens that runs the patient`s immune system down, such as a bad cold, pneumonia or a severe viral infection.A dead tooth can be caused by tooth decay, trauma, deep dental fillings, gum disease, or in some cases, tumors. Once a tooth dies it will never return to life again. The contents of the tooth liquefy and putrefy and seriously endanger the owner`s health.You should go see a dentist to check if your tooth really is dead and seek treatment for it.There are only two treatment options for a dead tooth, tooth extraction or root canal therapy. There are no good other choices! Of course, you could keep the dead tooth in your head but remember that the brain is only about three inches away.A dead ...
Most childrens permanent teeth erupt on a fairly predictable schedule. Sometimes, though, one or more teeth might not develop as they should - or at all.. These absent teeth pose functional problems for chewing and hygiene, which can affect long-term dental health. But they can also have a disruptive effect on an otherwise attractive smile if the missing teeth are the upper lateral incisors in the most visible part of the smile.. You normally find this pair of teeth on either side of the upper central incisors (the two front-most teeth). On the other side of the lateral incisors are the canine or eye teeth, known for their pointed appearance. Without the lateral incisors, the canines tend to drift into the space next to the central incisors. This can produce an odd appearance even a layperson will notice: only four teeth where there should be six!. Its possible to correct this abnormality, but it will take time and expense. The first step is usually to move the teeth in the upper jaw with ...
A tooth thats been chipped doesnt mean its no longer healthy. The same, unfortunately, cant be said about the attractiveness of your smile, especially if its one of your front teeth. A chipped tooth can be quite noticeable and make you self-conscious.. The good news is a chipped tooth can be restored cosmetically to look just as normal and attractive as your other teeth. Depending on the application there are two different materials we commonly use: porcelains, a type of oven-fired ceramic most often found in veneers or crowns; or composite resins, a mixture of glass and plastic substances we apply in liquid form that hardens in built-up layers on the tooths surface to ultimately resemble normal tooth shape and color.. So, which of these two materials is the best option for your tooth? That depends on the extent and location of the tooth damage. Composite resins are most often used for mild to moderate chipping or breaks in the enamel (and somewhat for the underlying dentin) or decayed ...
Perhaps you have noticed some people have whiter teeth than others, and while this is partially genetic its also due to the thickness of the tooth enamel. A thicker layer of tooth enamel will prevent more of the natural colour of the tooth from shining through. The natural shade of your teeth is contained in the dentine layer just underneath the enamel. Younger people are more likely to have a thicker layer of enamel, and this not only gives them whiter teeth, but also helps prevent damage to the dentine. Anyone who is interested in teeth whitening in London may also be interested in how they can help lessen damage to the tooth enamel. So exactly why does tooth enamel become thinner, and what can be done to at least help lessen this effect?. Demineralisation Damages Tooth Enamel. Demineralisation is something that takes place every day, as it occurs every time we eat or drink something, especially foods containing carbohydrates and sugars. This is because they are the perfect food for plaque ...
A system and method for modeling of complete tooth, including root and crown, of a patient to facilitate orthodontic treatment are provided, wherein generic tooth modeling is combined with tooth crown modeling for a patient to yield complete tooth modeling. A generic tooth 3D model for a particular tooth is morphed with a 3D model of a patients crown for the corresponding tooth to yield a complete 3D model for that tooth. Modeling techniques can be conducted with computer-based systems, such as systems configured for storing patient data and generic tooth data, morphing such data and/or facilitating additional orthodontic treatment applications, through the use of one or more algorithms. Adjustment of the complete tooth model for the tooth can be provided through additional patient information, such as X-ray imaging, to address variations in root shape between a generic root and an actual root shape for a patient.
Importance of deciduous teeth. Your childs baby or deciduous it is important to save in order to maintain the space for their adult teeth. Although baby teeth will be lost gradually until children turn 12, they are important to maintain the arch integrity and to guide the eruption of the permanent successors. Baby teeth help to keep all of the teeth in alignment so that the permanent tooth will grow in the correct position. If they are removed, teeth will often shift, leading to crowding and future need for braces. The innermost part of the tooth is called pulp, protected by strong outer layers namely enamel and dentine. It contains nerves as well as the blood vessels which keep it alive and healthy. A deep cavity in your childs baby tooth may go into the pulp of the tooth which is still alive thus causing a lot of discomfort and pain to the child.. In this case, a pulpotomy is recommended to save the tooth by preventing nerve and root death. During this pulpotomy procedure only the part ...
So, when the teeth you have specified the need to spit then should go to the specialist for consultation and if possible should do the same Implant and tooth 1 time will save a lot of time, cost and benefit oral health, and appearance. Also, if you do not have the Implant conditions immediately after extraction, you should discuss with your doctor the doctor and dentist about tooth Implant bone teeth to drive conservation can later implantology are favorable.. Things to note more is not the tooth may have just recently put the tooth Implant in 1 time. The teeth have from 3 feet or over or have 2 legs but the foot too to the bone regeneration time to wait 3 months before conducting dental implants Implant. It is a large mortar in maxillary teeth 4 (2 on each side), the teeth of large mandibular tooth if the mortar is too big, or there are many foot (3 feet instead of 2 legs).. In MY COMPLETE DENTISTRY: DOCTOR RUN + DOCTOR, we have a new generation, OSADA PIEZO use tooth not to overuse injury, ...
Despite all of the improvements that have come about in the world of dentistry, there are still lots of people who end up suffering from tooth loss. A lot of these individuals will lost their teeth from gingivitis (gum disease), tooth decay or injury to the teeth or gums. For quite a long time, the only available options in terms of treatment would be dentures or bridges. Today, there are more and more people who are taking advantage of the advances that have been made with dental implants.. A dental implant is basically a replacement tooth root. The implant will offer a strong foundation for permanent (fixed) or replacement teeth that are removable and made to match up with your natural teeth. When implants are fitted and put in place, they can blend right in and make for a strong addition to the mouth. Once the implant is in, it is fully functional and eating, drinking and all activities can be done without issue.. With dental implants, you are going to get improved appearance, improved speech ...
Scientists are developing the technology to enable teeth to regrow the crystals that make up dentin and enamel. The technology will eventually phase out fillings and drillings completely.. The goal - estimated to be at least 10 years away - is to spot tooth decay early enough that they then get the teeth to grow healthy tooth-matter over the bad spots.. The scientists are beginning to find just the right solutions of chemicals to rebuild decayed teeth, rather than merely patching their holes. What were hoping to have happen is to catch [decaying teeth] early and remineralise them, said Sally Marshall, a professor at the University of California at San Francisco. By putting a layer of the solution on individual test teeth, Marshall has already been able to remineralise some parts of the teeth. This ability to use some of the bodys own building materials for oral repair would be a boon - but scientists are discovering that dentin, in particular, is a remarkably complex structure.. Marshalls ...
You can have a gold teeth or teeth of any other material u like in replacement of the teeth u lost. The better option is of a tooth that matches the color of your teeth. The cost for the entire process depends upon the value of teeth u like to have in the mouth. A cheaper tooth can be of 15 dollars and an expensive one has no limit. But if you order a tooth which is inexpensive that will later cause infection in your mouth and there are chances that you might loose some other teeth because of that artificial tooth in your mouth ...
A tooth (plural teeth) is a hard, calcified structure found in the jaws (or mouths) of many vertebrates and used to break down food. Some animals, particularly carnivores, also use teeth for hunting or for defensive purposes. The roots of teeth are covered by gums. Teeth are not made of bone, but rather of multiple tissues of varying density and hardness. The cellular tissues that ultimately become teeth originate from the embryonic germ layer, the ectoderm. The general structure of teeth is similar across the vertebrates, although there is considerable variation in their form and position. The teeth of mammals have deep roots, and this pattern is also found in some fish, and in crocodilians. In most teleost fish, however, the teeth are attached to the outer surface of the bone, while in lizards they are attached to the inner surface of the jaw by one side. In cartilaginous fish, such as sharks, the teeth are attached by tough ligaments to the hoops of cartilage that form the jaw. Some animals ...
Poor development of both milk and permanent teeth may be associated with poor oral hygiene,when the teeth are attacked by caries, and their further development and growth may be severely damaged. If the diet (or toothpaste) man get enough calcium and fluoride, and generally all substances that tooth for their development needs, the development of tooth again altered. Poor development can result from the failure of embryonic foundations teeth, tooth not develop at all -aplasie or insufficiently -hypoplasie may be in a different place than it should be, is rotated or tilted. Hereditary disease which mainly reflects the poor development of teeth is amelogenesis imperfect. A specific problem may be defective teeth in the context of congenital syphilis - barrel-shaped teeth. Such diseases are numerous. Above all, regular visits to the dentist who reveal any pathological changes.
Also, the research study gives a complete list of all the leading players working in the Global Tooth Shade Scanners market. Moreover, the financial status, company profiles, business strategies and policies, and the latest expansions in the Global Tooth Shade Scanners market have been mentioned in the research study.. For more inquiry before purchase: https://www.researchnreports.com/enquiry_before_buying.php?id=62397. Table of Contents 1 Industry Overview of Tooth Shade Scanners. 2 Manufacturing Cost Structure Analysis of Tooth Shade Scanners. 3 Technical Data and Manufacturing Plants Analysis of Tooth Shade Scanners. 4 Global Tooth Shade Scanners Overall Market Overview. 5 Tooth Shade Scanners Regional Market Analysis. 6 Global 2011-2016E Tooth Shade Scanners Segment Market Analysis (by Type). 7 Global 2011-2016E Tooth Shade Scanners Segment Market Analysis (by Application). 8 Major Manufacturers Analysis of Tooth Shade Scanners. 9 Development Trend of Analysis of Market. 10 Tooth Shade ...
The initial information for patterning of early tooth development resides in the epithelium. Later, this is shifted to the mesenchyme. The process is governed by multiple epithelial- mesenchymal interactions, Integrins are cell surface receptors for extracellular matrix components. Expression of the beta(5) integrin subunit alternates between epithelium and mesenchyme during early tooth development (Yamada et al, [1994] Int, J. Dev. Biol, 38: 553-556), By immunofluorescence and in situ hybridization we show here a remarkably similar oscillating expression pattern of the alpha(v) integrin subunit. This subunit is known to associate with beta(5), and we therefore suggest that integrin alpha(v) beta(5) is involved in epithelial-mesenchymal interactions during tooth development, We also demonstrate that the developing tooth epithelium expresses the alpha(6), beta(1) and beta(4) subunits. The laminin receptors alpha(6) beta(1) and alpha(6) beta(4) may thus in part mediate the effect of basement ...
The eruption of teeth usually starts from 6 months after birth. The first set - which are called the milk teeth / baby teeth / deciduous teeth or primary teeth - and consist of 20 teeth (10 in the maxilla and 10 in the mandible), all rise till the age of 2 years. From then on these teeth start to fall and give their spots to more mature biters called Secondary teeth or Permanent teeth. Permanent teeth are 28 (14 in the maxilla and 14 in the mandible ...
Animal skulls have evolved for millions of years to protect vertebrates brains and sensory organs. Many of an animals dietary and social patterns can be deduced by examining its skull and teeth.. The structure or shape of a mammals jaw and teeth, as well as the placement of its eyes, are related to its diet. Mammals are really the only animals that have developed differentiated teeth, most other animals have teeth of only one shape, if they have teeth at all.And, unlike other animals, mammals have only two sets of teeth, the first (often called milk teeth) erupts after birth. After puberty, a larger set, with more and bigger teeth to fill larger jawbones, emerges. There are four different types of teeth: Incisors are the front teeth, used for cutting and grasping; Canines are next to incisors and are used for tearing; Premolars, located behind the canines, have sharp edges for crushing food; Molars, the very back teeth, are broad, flat grinders.. Carnivores are meat eaters and have ...
Before the treatment, the clinician should examine the patient: taking a health and dental history (including allergies and sensitivities), observe hard and soft tissues, placement and conditions of restorations, and sometimes x-rays to determine the nature and depth of possible irregularities. If this is not completed prior to the whitening agents being applied to the tooth surface, excessive sensitivity and other complications may occur. The whitening shade guides are used to measure tooth colour. These shades determine the effectiveness of the whitening procedure, which may vary from two to seven shades.[33] These shades may be reached after a single in office appointment, or may take longer, depending on the individual. The effects of bleaching can last for several months, but may vary depending on the lifestyle of the patient. Consuming tooth staining foods or drinks that have a strong colour may compromise effectiveness of the treatment. These include food and drinks containing tannins ...
Tooth regeneration: A stem cell based regenerative medicine procedure to replace damaged or lost teeth by regrowing them from autologous stem cells ...
Training students in the use of CEREC Blue light LED technology to fabricate chairside tooth colored restorations utilizing two innovative modes of fabricating the restorations Bigeneric Individual and Biogeneric Copy, enhances a students ability to apply this technology. At the New York University College of Dentistry students are trained in both modes to enable better decision making when designing these restorations. Many clinical situations may require that the final restoration of a tooth be an exact copy of a tooth such as when fabricating an indirect tooth colored restoration, a ceramic crown, or when duplicating adjacent teeth in the Esthetic zone. In the Biogeneric Copy mode, a digital picture of the unprepared tooth, and another digital impression of the prepared tooth is taken. The software transfers the occlusal aspects of the tooth in a preoperative condition and enhances the rest of the restoration. The final design of the restoration will be the same as the tooth prior to tooth ...
First, implants that seem like screws or cylinders, area unit placed into your jaw. Over consequent 2 to 6 months, the implants and therefore the bone area unit allowed to bond along to make anchors. Throughout this point, a brief teeth replacement choice will be worn over the implant sites.. Abutments hooked up to implants kind a foundation for brand new teeth often, a second step of the procedure is critical to uncover the implants and fasten extensions. These temporary healing caps complete the inspiration on that your new teeth are placed. Your gums are allowed to heal for one or two of weeks following this procedure.. There are a unit some implant systems (one-stage) that dont need this second step. These systems use associate implant that already has the extension piece hooked up. Your dental practitioner can advise you on that system are best for you.. Four replacement teeth hooked up to abutments finally, replacement teeth, or bridges, are created for you by your tooth doctor and hooked ...
Human teeth fluoresce as a result of illumination by UV-light (λ,sub,max,/sub, = 450 nm). The spectral, anisotropic, and temporal heterogeneities of a tooths fluorescence have been investigated with respect to tooth structure. A polarization microfluorometer and a time-resolved fluorometer were employed. The fluorescence intensity of the dentin increases with tooth age. On the basis of the fluorometric investigations, it appears that a complex of cross-linked collagen with hydroxyapatite is a possible fluorescing compound within the tooth tissue. Observed fluorescence anisotropy in the tooth tissue suggests heterogeneous structure of the fluorescing compound. Anisotropy distribution shows characteristic profiles which are independent of age and sex, and of type of tooth. Analysis of fluorescence decay curves suggests that such profiles are due to the characteristic arrangement of the fluorophore electric dipole, which in turn relates to tissue construction ...
Requirement: Provide image analysis technology linked to a camera to count the number of teeth on a digger in real time, alarming to the operator when a tooth is removed. Now possible to remove the tooth from the load, preventing further damage. Requirement: Provide image analysis technology linked to a camera to count the number of teeth on a digger in real time, alarming to the operator when a tooth is removed. Now possible to remove the tooth from the load, preventing further damage.
Childrens permanent teeth normally erupt over several years after first forming below the gum line. All their permanent teeth should come in by the time they reach early adolescence.. Unfortunately, this process doesnt always happen as it should. If the erupting teeth become crowded due to a poor bite (malocclusion), teeth still to come in may not have enough room to fully erupt. They become impacted, a condition in which the visible crown remains partially or completely submerged below the gum line.. Impacted teeth create consequences for other teeth and dental health overall. They more readily cause abscesses (a localized infection within the gum tissue) and can damage the roots of nearby teeth. Impacted front canine (eye) teeth can interfere with bite function and their visual absence mars an otherwise attractive smile.. If your childs canine teeth have failed to erupt properly, there is a way to help them fully come in if you act before their mouth structure fully matures. The first step ...
Download Teeth Germ Scanner Simulator. Teeth Germ Scanner Prank is a simulator of scanning teeth germs for entertainment! Find out what type bacteria or germs live on teeth on phone screen! Play Teeth Bacteria Scanner Prank app direct your...
We used data from a nationwide longitudinal survey in China to examine the association between frailty and tooth number. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first study exploring the association between frailty and oral health among older Chinese adults. Both univariate and multiple logistic regressions were performed to explore the association between tooth number and frailty. Considering that the relationship between tooth number and frailty might not be purely linear, we transformed the continuous variable FI into a dichotomous variable as non-frail and frail to obtain more practical information about clinical benefit. In addition, age and tooth number were categorised into four groups according to clinical importance to improve the effectiveness of the multiple logistic regression model. The main findings suggested that, after adjusting for sociodemographic, health behavioural and nutritional variables, older adults with fewer teeth had significantly higher odds of frailty than those ...
Root Canal Therapy is needed when the broken tooth is infected or prone to infection. The affected area is the pulp inside the tooth. When left alone for some time, the infection will spread thus worsening the decay of the tooth. Immediate treatment is necessary. First, the dentist will numb the tooth using local anesthesia. A dental dam will be placed to isolate the tooth. This keeps the tooth clean and dry throughout the procedure. Second, the dentist will use small tools like miniature drills. The drills are used in the top portion to create an opening to access the inside of the tooth. Small files will be used to remove the diseased pulp and shape the inner chamber of the tooth. The dentist may also irrigate the tooth to wash away the remaining pulp. An antibacterial solution is also used to kill remaining bacteria. Third, a rubber-like material called gutta-percha will be used to close the opening. Finally, a temporary filling will be placed while waiting for the dental crown. Despite ...
Tooth aches can be more than just a pain. They can become a serious health risk when not treated properly.. A root canal is a treatment used to repair and save a tooth that is badly decayed or becomes infected.. During a root canal procedure, the nerve and pulp are removed and the inside of the tooth is cleaned and sealed. Without treatment, the tissue surrounding the tooth will become infected and abscesses may form. When a tooths nerve tissue or pulp is damaged, it breaks down and bacteria begin to multiply within the pulp chamber. The bacteria and other decayed debris can cause an infection or abscessed tooth. An abscess is a pus-filled pocket that forms at the end of the roots of the tooth. An abscess occurs when the infection spreads all the way past the ends of the roots of the tooth. This infection can cause swelling that may spread to other areas of the face, neck or head.. If you are concerned about tooth pain, pain that has come and gone, swelling, or risk of infection, its important ...
Set goals and get tips with our app for iPhone. The natural color ranges from yellowish own all the way to greenish gray and it gets worse. The Airflow tooth polishing provides exceptionally unique result without risking any damage to your teeth.. A.: Our system will remove most stains with a gentle action that whitens your teeth. There is no discomfort during the tooth removal only pressure. A success bone graft provides the foundation for the placement of the dental implant.. Brushing with little bit of Sea salt as a tooth powder is a very good remedy for home teeth whitening. George teethwhitening system and it is incredible! Sooo I searched "dr. *pain in my teeth where I clench hurts to chew food Do you think this is all due to teeth clenching? Should I stop worrying about the aneurysm? Oh and I also get a stiff sore neck and shoulders because of the clenching.. EXPERTS ADVICE MADE EASY. Clear ackets are used mostly on the upper front teeth only. In order for the finished crown to fit ...
A method and apparatus for imaging teeth includes illuminating a surface of a tooth and electronically imaging the tooth from a non-illuminated surface of the tooth with an electronic camera. Automatic control of the intensity of illumination is preferably provided to avoid saturation of the camera. The camera may include a charge-coupled-device and the resulting digital images are preferably enhanced by wavelet analysis. If a video camera is used, the images may be digitized and then enhanced. Current images of the tooth may be compared to prior images of the same tooth to monitor changes in the tooth over time. The images can be used to detect dental caries and other dental conditions. A handpiece for illuminating the tooth and receiving the light passing through the tooth for reception by the camera in a reproducible manner, is also described.
When blood leaks out of blood vessels after a tooth injury, blood by-products such as iron can make their way into the small tubes inside the dentin layer of the tooth. As the blood breaks down, it can make the tooth appear to be gray, dark gray, brown or even black. This color change doesnt usually occur until 2-3 weeks after the tooth has been injured and can occur after a tooth has turned red (see below.). The book Paediatric Dentistry by Welbury states that "although the reaction is reversible to a degree, the crown of the injured tooth retains some of the discoloration for an indefinite period. In cases of this type, there is some chance that the pulp will retain its vitality, although the likelihood of vitality is apparently low in primary teeth with dark gray discoloration.". Basically, the author is stating that even if a tooth has a dark color, it may still be able to return to health. Some experts have said that the darker the discoloration, the more likely it is that the nerve of the ...
An abscessed tooth is referred to an infection at the root of the tooth or in the gums. It is usually a bacterial infection caused due to dental cavity, chipping of tooth or a crack. This infection spreads till the root of the tooth and causes pain, swelling and discomfort. Mostly an abscessed tooth is caused by severe tooth decay or gum diseases. Causes for Abscessed Tooth Tooth decay Gum Diseases or gingivitis Poor dental hygiene High sugar diet High carbohydrate diet Sticky food Symptoms of Abscessed Tooth Throbbing and sharp toothache Pain while chewing food Increased sensitivity to hot… Read more ...
An abscessed tooth is referred to an infection at the root of the tooth or in the gums. It is usually a bacterial infection caused due to dental cavity, chipping of tooth or a crack. This infection spreads till the root of the tooth and causes pain, swelling and discomfort. Mostly an abscessed tooth is caused by severe tooth decay or gum diseases. Causes for Abscessed Tooth Tooth decay Gum Diseases or gingivitis Poor dental hygiene High sugar diet High carbohydrate diet Sticky food Symptoms of Abscessed Tooth Throbbing and sharp toothache Pain while chewing food Increased sensitivity to hot… Read more ...
1963 J. w. THOMPSON 3,107,668 METHOD OF FORMING A TOOTH PROTECTOR Filed July 17, 1962 2 Sheets-Sheet 1 TESCSS-F? Qjuniov @kffiompdon, QATTQRNEV Oct. 22, 1963 J. w. THYOIIMPSON METHOD OF FORMING A TOOTH PROTECTOR 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 Filed July 17, 1962 NVENTOM) dunov @f hompJoru United States Patent 3,107,668 METHOD OF FORMING A TOOTH PROTECTOR Junior W. Thompson, 114 /2 S. Franklin St., Manchester, Iowa Filed July 17, 1962, Ser. No. 210,369 3 Claims. (Cl. 128-136) This invention relates to protectors for mouthpieces of the horseshoe channel type adapted to fit over the teeth and adjacent gum structure of athletes engaged in sports involving bodily contact between opponents. Heretofore most of such protectors, in order to aiford proper protection while being comfortable to wear, have been custom-built to fit precisely over the teeth and around the gums of a particular athlete. This has necessitated taking impressions of each individuals tooth and gum structure and forming a special mouthpiece in ...
Whichever technique is appropriate for your case, rest assured that we will ensure that we make the procedure easy and as pain-free as possible.. Removing teeth is often considered a good option in the short term when people present with severe pain. When they are in this situation it is often difficult to think rationally.. It is very important to note that if one tooth is removed you could lose the function of two or more teeth. That is because the teeth below that one being removed have nothing to bite against. If there are already other teeth missing this can lead to the remaining teeth becoming overloaded which will then start a downward spiral leading to multiple teeth being lost. It is also very common after tooth loss to see the adjacent and opposing teeth start to drift around.. ...
The tooth is an ectodermal organ that arises from a tooth germ under the regulation of reciprocal epithelial-mesenchymal interactions. Tooth morphogenesis occurs in the tooth-forming field as a result of reaction-diffusion waves of specific gene expression patterns. Here, we developed a novel mechanical ligation method for splitting tooth germs to artificially regulate the molecules that control tooth morphology. The split tooth germs successfully developed into multiple correct teeth through the re-regionalisation of the tooth-forming field, which is regulated by reaction-diffusion waves in response to mechanical force. Furthermore, split teeth erupted into the oral cavity and restored physiological tooth function, including mastication, periodontal ligament function and responsiveness to noxious stimuli. Thus, this study presents a novel tooth regenerative technology based on split tooth germs and the re-regionalisation of the tooth-forming field by artificial mechanical force ...
Roselyn, a very active and young-at-heart lady who just turned forty was feeling that her appearance was getting away from her. "When I smile my teeth are so short and worn that I feel it makes me look really old," she told Dr. Huefner. Upon looking at Roselyns teeth it was quite obvious what she was referring to. Her teeth were quite worn, something we might normally expect from someone twice her age.. "I see exactly what you are telling me," Dr. Huefner told her. "Yes, your teeth are extremely worn. You know, if you keep this up you are going to wear your teeth down to little stubs." Dr. Huefner went on to ask Roselyn if there were any other things that concerned her?. "Well, the color of my teeth are really dark and discolored. Ive always wanted clean, white teeth. Is that something that you can fix for me?" She asked Dr. Huefner.. Dr. Huefner answered Roselyn that before he started recommending any treatment he needed to know if there was anything else with her teeth that she wanted him to ...
The kids milk teeth are as important, as permanent.kids need healthy teeth, strong jaws to chew their food and have a charming smile. Milk teeth keep space in jaws for the permanent teeth. If a milk tooth lost too early, the teeth beside it may drift into the empty space. and at the time of permanent teeth there may not be enough place. This can be resulted into crooked and crowded teeth. The infants can also get cavities ...
I have pain in teeth on backward side of my mouth. And its fully swelling day by day. What should I do? Pls suggest me.-For relief you cn do warm saline garg...
The eruption of primary teeth (also known as deciduous or baby teeth) follows a similar developmental timeline for most children. A full set of primary teeth begins to grow beneath the gums during the fourth month of pregnancy. For this reason, a nourishing prenatal diet is of paramount importance to the infants teeth, gums, and bones.. Generally, the first primary tooth breaks through the gums between the ages of six months and one year. By the age of three years old most children have a "full" set of twenty primary teeth. The American Dental Association (ADA) encourages parents to make a "well-baby" appointment with a pediatric dentist approximately six months after the first tooth emerges. Pediatric dentists communicate with parents and children about prevention strategies, emphasizing the importance of a sound, "no tears" daily home care plan.. Although primary teeth are deciduous, they facilitate speech production, proper jaw development, good chewing habits, and the proper spacing and ...
Enamel is armor on your teeth. Enamels goal is to secure your teeth. When a dental practitioner communicates concern yourself with tooth decay, they are usually referring to harm to the enamel.. It is not indestructible Though tooth is the hardest aspect of the body. It chipped or may be cracked . Additionally, it is always vulnerable to bacteria and acid develop. That is the reason its essential to do routine daily dental hygiene, such as brushing, flossing, and rinsing.. Your teeth need to endure up to a good deal of chewing and scratching gum. It is essential to be cautious what you subject them . Open containers teeth are not supposed to split Lego bricks, or rip packaging! Bite issues may cause further wear in your teeth.. Take care of your teeth. You only have one pair!. ...
Riverhead Dentist. Dr. Stuart Feintuch provides Bridges, low cost dental bridges, teeth bridges, tooth bridges, affordable dental bridges, porcelain dental bridges, false teeth, fixed partial denture to patients suffering from missing teeth, false teeth, smile restoration, shifting teeth, gapped teeth in Mattituck, NY, Calverton, NY, Flanders, NY, . Mattituck, NY Dentist providing Bridges in Riverhead, New York.
For instance, the upper and lower incisors are linked to the bladder, kidneys and ears while canine teeth are associated with the liver and gallbladder. The experts claim that the premolars reflect the state of the lung, the molars are related to the health of the stomach, pancreas, and spleen, and the wisdom teeth tell a lot about the heart and the small intestine.. However, this does not mean that the damage of the teeth is responsible for all internal damages. There are many cases when the patients feel discomfort and pain in the areas surrounding a healthy tooth, but however, sometimes the pain can occur in areas where the tooth has been long removed. This kind of pain is known as phantom pain and it occurs as a result of the message that our affected organs send to the corresponding tooth. So, it is very important to know the connection between the teeth and the internal organs in order to find out the root of the damaged organ easily.. ...
So, I ask them, "Why do you want your teeth whiter?". Certainly, if a person wants to get a brighter and whiter smile for a special occasion like a wedding picture, then (for all the right reasons) I advise them to have their teeth whitened with an in-office, teeth-whitening procedure that will produce a beautiful result relatively quickly. I caution them that their mouth should be examined by a dentist to be sure it is healthy before this procedure is done. I also tell them that if they want a brighter smile than they currently have, teeth-whitening also may be for them.. However, I have to remind them that these bleaching procedures will only lighten natural teeth, not change the color of existing filings, crowns, or veneers. The practical result is that, after their natural teeth are whitened with a bleaching procedure, any artificial surfaces on their teeth would look darker compared with the natural teeth.. If they want this level of brightness all the time for their natural teeth, they may ...
For the study, the researchers first used chemicals to entice the cultured iPSCs into flat sheets of epithelial cells. Next, they combined these cells with mouse embryonic mesenchymal cells, and then transplanted them into mice. After three weeks, structures had grown that physically resembled human teeth. They also had the same elasticity as human teeth and contained pulp, dentin and enamel-forming cells.. This breakthrough offers new hope for the future of regenerative medicine. By the same token, the technique used to generate human teeth-like structures involves mouse cells, and has a success rate of only 30 percent. Moreover, the structures are approximately only one-third as hard as human teeth. Accordingly, the researchers says human mesenchymal stem cells could be substituted for mouse cells, and the tissue culture conditions tweaked in order to resolve the problem. By doing this, it could theoretically result in the creation of a bioengineered tooth bud that has been cultured in a jar ...
What is the most attractive thing in human face? No doubt it is the smile some one offering to us. The Two Most important things makes ones smile is much attractive is the teeth and his or her lips. So you should care your teeth well in order to smile with confidence. Not only the color of teeth determines the health status of teeth. The color, presence of carries, oral hygiene, brushing habits, food usage all these will affect your teeth and then your health status. Your teeth are important, so we are just gathering some beneficial tips to maintain your teeth health. Just try these simple tips you can own whitish and healthy teeth as of models.. ...
Before embarking on the journey to whiten your teeth, it is helpful to know what may be the causes behind your yellow teeth. With age, our teeth get worn out with function due to all the chewing and grinding that we put it through. This leads to the thinning of enamel, which is the hard protective layer of your teeth that gives it the white appearance. The wearing down of enamel causes it to lose its opacity and becomes more translucent. This allows the underlying dentine, which is yellow in color to show through, resulting to naturally yellow teeth. But this is not tooth staining per se, as it is a natural process. A way in which the wearing dentition can produce true staining is when stains get incorporated into the fine crack or craze lines on our teeth, making it difficult to remove with conventional tooth brushing. Continue reading →. ...
She wanted to know more about what was going on with her body so this turned into a mini lesson about teeth. I have a feeling well be covering this topic in more depth very soon. I read a couple dental books I had on hand. Are there any books you suggest reading to a five year old? We used a tooth eruption chart so that she could figure out the name of the baby tooth she lost. We discussed primary (baby) teeth and permanent (adult) teeth. Not too long ago, we realized that two teeth erupted on her bottom jaw. She has both of her first permanent (5-6 year) molars now. I rushed her into the doctors office a couple months ago when her temperature was extremely high. I immediately noticed that she had white erupting from her gums. I knew at that point that she wasnt sick . . . when her baby teeth were coming her temperature always increased. I was even silly enough to think they were wisdom teeth (even though I knew better) until I asked my friends on a forum. Hey, this is my first child - thats ...
A new method of rejuvenating rotten teeth using an Alzheimers drug has been discovered by a team of researchers at Kings College London.. Teeth already have the capability of regenerating dentine if the pulp inside the tooth becomes exposed through a trauma or infection, but can only make a very thin layer, not enough to fill the deep cavities caused by tooth decay. The new therapy works by enhancing this natural ability of teeth to repair themselves through the activation of stem cells in the soft pulp at the center of the tooth.. Researchers found that the drug Tideglusib switches off an enzyme called GSK-3 which prevents dentine from carrying on forming, thus stimulating the stem cells contained in the pulp of teeth so that they generate new dentine.. This biological approach could see teeth use their natural ability to repair large cavities rather than using cements or fillings, which are prone to infections and often need replacing a number of times. Indeed when fillings fail or infection ...
At Waggin Smiles - our goal is to provide the highest quality alternative in dental cleaning for your pets teeth. Pet owners who do not want to put their pet under general anesthesia for teeth cleanings now have a choice. Our non-anesthetic teeth cleaning services eliminate the risks associated with anesthesia. We do not use any type of anesthesia while cleaning your dogs teeth.. A licensed veterinarian is on staff and supervises your pet throughout the teeth cleaning procedure. Our dental cleanings will include checking for dental disease, lesions, broken teeth and tumors; and we will provide you with a Medical Record that will give you information on about your pets teeth.. Our rates are reasonable; and we make every effort to provide your pet with a positive and satisfactory non-anesthetic teeth cleaning experience.. ...
Teeth. Polarised light micrograph of a section through molar teeth in the lower jaw. Molar teeth are used for grinding up and chewing food. The crowns of these teeth have caps of enamel (grey band, upper centre). This is the hardest substance in the body, and prevents wearing of the tooth. The teeth are anchored in the gum by their roots (blue/green). Their pulp cavities (black, centre left and right) contain nerves and blood vessels. This pulp is surrounded by dentine (many colours) which forms the bulk of the tooth. This is a tissue similar to bone but harder. - Stock Image P486/0071
It starts with a wiggle and ends with a gummy smile-and maybe even a dollar. Losing a baby tooth is an exciting rite of passage. Most children lose their first tooth between ages 5 and 6, but this can vary.. Children have different feelings about losing a tooth. Some will welcome that first wiggle, while others may feel anxious, wondering if it will hurt or if other body parts will suddenly fall off. Children can also feel self-conscious about the "hole" in their mouth.. Its normal for children to have some worries about this much-anticipated milestone. To alleviate your childs concerns, let him know that losing a tooth wont be painful, that it happens to all children as they grow, and that his new teeth will come in soon.. Regardless of your childs reaction, losing a tooth is an event to celebrate. A gift from you or the tooth fairy will certainly be received with delight. Save the tooth or take a few pictures of your childs new smile to look back on when hes older.. TIP: Brush up. Buy ...
Define abscessed tooth. abscessed tooth synonyms, abscessed tooth pronunciation, abscessed tooth translation, English dictionary definition of abscessed tooth. Noun 1. abscessed tooth - an abscess of a common kind in the tissue around a tooth abscess - symptom consisting of a localized collection of pus surrounded...
Gail needed her four front teeth replaced with a porcelain bridge and porcelain veneers to close two gaps on the sides. Now, people routinely comment on her beautiful smile. She has recommended Adult Dentistry to her husband, father-in-law and nieces.. Bridge for 4 front teeth, Charlotte NC: Gails Story. My name is Gail Ashton. When I was very young I knocked out my front four teeth to the gum line. When I started upstairs at the pediatric office, Dr. Harrell was recommended by one of the doctors up there. I needed my bridge redone. They had also pulled some teeth on the side for braces when I was young, so I had two gaps on the side and I came down to Dr. Harrell. He did a consultation with me and told me that he could fill in those with some veneers. He could redo my bridge and give me a smile that I will be proud of, and in two visits he did that. As soon as I went back to work and got the permanent ones on, people started going "You have the most beautiful teeth. How do you get your teeth ...
If, due to a mishap, the teeth as well as teeth are damaged, a layer of dentine is deposited on the inside of the teeth for repair. This makes certain a yellowing. Should the pulp recede due to the accident, the blue or yellow/ discolouration explained above might take place. In little ones in whom the permanent teeth are still establishing, the antibiotic tetracycline might create discoloration. Originally, a yellow color is integrated in, yet drunk of daylight this comes to be brown.. The growth of teeth and molars happens in the jaw. Disruptions could take place during this advancement, triggering discrepancies. For instance, the framework of enamel and dentine can be various, allowing colorants to pass through more easily. This holds true, for example, with fluorosis: as a result of a too expensive concentration of fluoride during the building and construction of teeth, the development of enamel is particularly interrupted. The result is a permeable tooth material with a different ...
A new volume by Simon Hillson on Tooth Development in Human Evolution and Bioarchaeology has just been published by Cambridge University Press.. Human children grow at a uniquely slow pace by comparison with other mammals. When and where did this schedule evolve? Have technological advances, farming and cities had any effect upon it? Addressing these and other key questions in palaeoanthropology and bioarchaeology, Simon examines the unique role of teeth in preserving detailed microscopic records of development throughout childhood and into adulthood. The volume critically reviews theory, assumptions, methods and literature, providing the dental histology background to anthropological studies of both growth rate and growth disruption. Chapters also examine existing studies of growth rate in the context of human evolution and primate development more generally, together with implications for life history. The final chapters consider how defects in the tooth development sequence shed light on the ...
Tooth grinding and bruxism presents itself in a number of ways. Ranging from wear of the enamel of the teeth showing as shiny polished areas on the tooth surface in its minimum form. To repeat fractures of the teeth, chipping of the incisor tips, vertical stress lines on the teeth, abfraction at the gum margins of teeth e.g. depressions of the thin enamel dentine areas of teeth formerly considered to be due to excess tooth brushing.. The teeth may reduce in overall size so that often the incisors will be shortened, causing a generalised flattening of the teeth with loss of incisor tips, cusp tips height of teeth and tooth loss. Sophia Loren was a brilliant example of this. Repeated fracture of restorations may also occur.. Sufferers may complain about tooth sensitivity particularly at the necks of the teeth. Commonly seen on the bicuspid and molar teeth in the upper arch. Theres loss of tooth length or height and evidence of chipping of the enamel. Bruxists may complain of headaches, migrinous ...
Chamomile - has antiseptic and anti-inflammatory properties.. Dairy products. It is known that dental health is necessary for calcium, the main component of bones and teeth, which has abundant in milk, cheese and yogurt. In addition to calcium, dairy products also contain phosphorus, which also plays an important role in maintaining healthy teeth. In addition, reduces the acidity of the cheese, which favors the development of bacteria and balances pH value in the mouth. Casein and whey protein proved to reduce the loss of minerals in tooth enamel. However, the food of animal origin should be moderate, because too much protein in these foods can "extract" the calcium from the bones, which leads to a weakening of the bones and teeth.. Sesame seeds. Sesame is one of the best sources of calcium. In it, he has a lot more than in milk, and is, therefore, an excellent food for teeth. Its good for easing infections, strengthening teeth and tooth enamel, preventing the formation of dental plaque. It is ...
Straighter teeth perform chewing, biting and speaking functions more effectively than crooked teeth. In addition, a straight smile boosts confidence, is aesthetically pleasing to look at, and can help stave off a wide variety of dental ailments.. There are several types of malocclusion including overbite, underbite, crossbite, and overcrowding. Each of these alignment problems negatively impacts the functionality and cosmetic appearance of the teeth.. Here is a brief overview of some of the main disorders associated with crooked teeth:. Periodontitis - Periodontitis or gum disease begins with a bacterial infection. The bacterial infection is caused by inadequate oral hygiene. Crooked teeth are hard to clean effectively, which means that debris, plaque and bacteria can build up in hard-to-reach areas. Straight teeth are much easier to clean and are at less risk of contracting gum disease.. Temporomandibular Disorder (TMJ) - Crooked teeth can lead to improper jaw alignment, which in turn causes a ...
Synonyms for ankylosed tooth in Free Thesaurus. Antonyms for ankylosed tooth. 62 words related to tooth: fang, tusk, conodont, bone, os, dentin, dentine, teeth, dentition, pulp cavity, pearly, chopper, carnassial tooth, anterior.... What are synonyms for ankylosed tooth?
الأشواك الظهرية (المجموع): 0; الأشعة الظهرية الناعمة (المجموع): 10; شوكة شرجية 0; أشعه شرجية لينه: 8. Diagnosis: Garra allostoma is an insectivorous Garra with a terminal or subterminal mouth and curved or crescentic mouth opening superficially resembling a generalized Barbus; cheek below eye laterally expanded; rostral cap reduced, smooth; mental disc smooth, non tuberculate, posterior border bound to isthmus; upper and lower lips well developed; lower lip non-tuberculate, divided into distinct, lateral and medial portions by a constriction; medial portion of lower lip constricted near symphysis, so that it is bilobate; horny sheaths of upper and lower jaws not greatly enlarged, without trenchant cutting edge; pharyngeal teeth in two rows, 2 or 3,5 (Ref. 96454). Absence of rostral fimbriae distinguished Garra allostoma from all other Garra, and having only two instead of three pharyngeal tooth rows distinguished it from all ...
According to a new clinical trial, dental stem cells have shown promising results in helping to repair injured teeth. Read on for more details on this study.
If your teeth become sensitive to brushing, flossing, cold, heat or certain foods, the discomfort can interfere with your enjoyment of daily activities. You may have common problem called dentin hypersensitivity.. First it is important for your dentist to make sure there are no underlying dental problems causing the discomfort, such as a cavity, tooth grinding, or a dying or fractured tooth. Teeth become sensitive when the microscopic tubules found in dentin are then exposed, allowing sensations of heat and cold or acidic foods to stimulate the nerves and cells within the tooth. Cementum may become exposed when gums recede due to age, gum disease or abrasion from vigorous brushing of teeth.. Hypersensitivity can be treated. Your dentist may recommend an approach that can be tried at home, such as desensitizing toothpastes. They contain compounds that help block transmission of sensation from the tooth surface to the nerve. These products will either seal the exposed tubule openings or reduce the ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Application of laser ablation (LA-ICP-SF-MS) for the elemental analysis of bone and teeth samples for discrimination purposes. AU - Castro, Waleska. AU - Hoogewerff, Jurian. AU - Latkoczy, Christopher. AU - Almirall, José R.. PY - 2010/2/25. Y1 - 2010/2/25. N2 - Human bone and teeth fragments can be useful evidence when found in crime scenes and/or mass burials sites. The elemental and isotopic composition of these samples can provide information about environmental exposure events and could also be used to distinguish different individuals. The development and application of robust analytical methods for the quantification of trace elements in these biological matrices may lead to a better understanding of the potential utility of these measurements in forensic analyses. In this paper, we demonstrate the possibility of conducting quantitative analysis of trace metals found in bone remains and suggest a strategy to discriminate between individuals, based on this information. A ...
What problems can a bad tooth cause ? - Ask Me Help DeskA bad tooth can cause every single health problem you cited above in your post and ... Ive had headaches from hell due to a bad tooth . ... Even if your teeth are clean the rotting part of the tooth still can cause you problems. What problems can a bad tooth cause ? [Archive]20 May 2014 Rotten teeth causing ear and throat pain ?12 Jan 2009 ...
Ever chomp away on a piece of taffy and wonder if your teeth were going to be pulled out by the roots? Luckily, were pretty well rooted, tooth-wise. There are animals, though, that could have a hard time keeping a mouthful of teeth. Some rodents have tall molars, where any side-wise pressure could loosen them; and many species of voles have molars that grow throughout their lives, and this requires no roots whatever. The main problem is that the fibers that attach teeth to jawbones cant attach properly to the smooth enamel. So whats a fellow to do? Simple. Leave parts of the enamel off, revealing the anchorable dentine beneath.. In tall-toothed packrats, a strip of dentine up the side of a molar helps anchor the tooth until the tooth is fully erupted; by then, the tooth has worn down to the point where its no longer in danger of loss. In the ever-growing teeth of voles, vertical strips along the sides of the molars work well. Of course, realize that we havent tested this out with taffy ...
This treatment is the same as the others: it starts with an oral examination of your mouth followed by the preparation of the area to be treated.. This means covering up your gums to protect them from any bleach splashes and the insertion of a mouth retractor. This retractor will pull your cheeks and lips away from your teeth to allow the dentist to access them.. He or she will apply a whitening gel to your teeth and then, will use a blue light to focus on your teeth with the aim of speeding up the whitening process. This gel contains a bleach compound which strips away any discolouration but doesnt damage the structure of your teeth. BriteSmile tends to use a lower strength bleaching agent as compared to other brands.. The blue light activates the process and leaves you with newly whitened teeth. How light your teeth become depends on the amount of staining to start with and your teeth in general. If you had a high level of staining to start with, then you will require longer treatment or ...
Do you drink too much soda? You could be rotting your teeth. Drinking carbonated soft drinks all the time can erode the top layer called the enamel that is protecting your teeth. Soda contains sticky sugars that break down into acid which stick very easily to your teeth. These acids soften the surface and promote plaque production which leads to cavities. If the cavity breaks through the enamel and gets inside the tooth to the dentin, you will be in a lot of pain and have a very sensitive tooth. That could lead to a nerve infection which could end up in a root canal surgery! The worst time to drink soda is when you are very thirsty because the saliva levels in your mouth are very low. The saliva helps to destroy some of the acid from the foods we eat and drink naturally. Also, the more you drink, the more acid you allow to hurt your teeth. In fact you actually hurt your teeth more by slowly taking sips of soda over a long time than drinking an entire can at once. Everytime the soda touches your ...
The first step in the contouring procedure is to examine your teeth and diagnose how the reshaping will accomplish your goal of smile enhancement or correct a bite problem if you have one. This will ensure that the teeth being reshaped will not only look better but also will be healthy. Sometimes a reshaping of the root surfaces is required to protect you from gum disease. In that case, an x-ray may be necessary to isolate and protect the sensitive inner tissue (the pulp). However, most often tooth contouring only involves the removal of a bit of enamel - the hard outer covering of the tooth. Because enamel is not living and contains no nerves, you will likely not need even a local anesthetic.. You will probably feel some vibration as your tooth is gently sculpted, and then polished smooth. Reshaping one tooth usually takes less than half an hour - and the results will be obvious as soon as you look in the mirror! Sometimes reshaped teeth can be a little sensitive to hot or cold after the ...
The first step in the contouring procedure is to examine your teeth and diagnose how the reshaping will accomplish your goal of smile enhancement or correct a bite problem if you have one. This will ensure that the teeth being reshaped will not only look better but also will be healthy. Sometimes a reshaping of the root surfaces is required to protect you from gum disease. In that case, an x-ray may be necessary to isolate and protect the sensitive inner tissue (the pulp). However, most often tooth contouring only involves the removal of a bit of enamel - the hard outer covering of the tooth. Because enamel is not living and contains no nerves, you will likely not need even a local anesthetic.. You will probably feel some vibration as your tooth is gently sculpted, and then polished smooth. Reshaping one tooth usually takes less than half an hour - and the results will be obvious as soon as you look in the mirror! Sometimes reshaped teeth can be a little sensitive to hot or cold after the ...
Along with thumb sucking, childhood teeth grinding is one of the top concerns anxious parents bring to their dentists. Its so prevalent, though, many providers consider it normal behavior-the sleep-disturbing sound it can generate is often the worst consequence for the habit.. But that doesnt mean you should brush aside all concern, especially if the habit continues into late childhood. Long-term teeth grinding could eventually damage the teeth and gums.. Teeth grinding (or clenching) is the involuntary movement of the jaws when not engaged in normal functions like chewing, speaking or swallowing. The action often produces higher than normal chewing forces, which over time can accelerate tooth wear, cause fractures, or contribute to loose teeth, all of which could increase the risk of dental disease. While it can occur at any time its most common among children during nighttime sleep.. While stress is the usual trigger for teeth grinding in adults, with young children the causes for the habit ...
Millions of liters of carbonated drinks are produced and sold yearly, and studies show that excessive intake of carbonated drinks, especially in growing children, carries a higher risk of tooth decay. Carbonated drinks contain many different compounds which are detrimental to the teeth and oral health in general. Drinking soda daily can increase your chances of having cavities and tooth decay even if you brush your teeth after each meal and floss daily.. Acid in Soda. Carbonated drinks are carbon rich, hence the name. The addition of carbon lowers the pH of the drinks, making them acidic. Acidic drinks in your mouth lower the pH and the buffering action of your saliva. The outer layer of the tooth, known as enamel, gradually breaks down when exposed to acidic compounds. Minerals begin to dissociate on the surface of the tooth and the process, called demineralization, occurs. Demineralization is the process in which the mineral layer of the tooth, which is composed of calcium and fluoride ...
Teeth grinding is one childhood habit that sounds worse than it usually is: often the most harm done is to your nights sleep. That said, though, its still a habit to keep your eye on.. Also known as bruxism, teeth grinding is so common among children that its considered normal behavior by many healthcare professionals. As for causes, some suggest a childs immature neuromuscular chewing control may trigger it, while others point to the change from deeper sleep to a lighter stage as a possible cause. Problems like airway obstruction, medications or stress also seem to contribute to the habit.. For most children, teeth grinding usually fades by age 11 with no adverse effect on their teeth. If the habit extends into adolescence, however, theres an increased risk for damage, mainly tooth wear.. This can happen because grinding often produces chewing forces 20-30 times greater than normal. Over time this can cause the biting surfaces of the teeth to wear and reduces the size of the teeth. While ...
A method of obtaining a dental image, such as a three-dimensional image of teeth, providing a three-dimensional physical teeth model. The three-dimensional physical teeth model can be either: a negative teeth model that includes a matrix with a plurality of cavities or recesses, each corresponding to a tooth; or a positive teeth model, that includes a matrix with a plurality of projections or bulges, each corresponding to a tooth. The method also includes removing a portion of the model in a controlled, step-wise manner, and in each step acquiring an optical image of the model or of its removed portion, digitizing each of the optical images in order to obtain a plurality of digital images, and compiling the plurality of digital images to obtain a three-dimensional digital dental image.
And my answer, this time, is yes, I have had pain around my gold crown and she looks at it and agrees that there is something very amiss but it does not involve the crowned tooth. That is a relief since I carry no health insurance and that crowned tooth will be expensive to fix. It is the premolar next to the crowned tooth that is the problem and she says Dr. Dave will have to look at it after she has cleaned my teeth (which other than the rotten tooth my teeth and gums were in excellent shape). Dave comes in and takes a look and says it should come out now if I have the time. I did have the time so he put me in the room where they do extractions and other minor surgery, take an x-ray, wait 10 minutes for the x-ray to develop. We look at the x-ray and it shows all sorts of bad things happening. I get a needle full of novocain in my jaw and wait 15 minutes for my mouth to numb out and than finally they come in and pull the offending tooth out of my jaw along with a cyst. And scape off a bit of ...
The issue is somewhat understood originating from ideas from the dental field but is not particularly exact science. The pattern for the eruption of teeth starts from an eruptive force of some sort, and our muscles and contacting teeth while eating guides them to their respective mature location. Cultures eating more difficult foods to chew tended to have a more ideal arrangement and set of teeth than cultures that ate softer foods. As cultures mingled, those notions got clouded when mismatched physique from a large robust German married a petite English lady. The child inherited the small mouth with big teeth and any amount of natural eruptive forces couldnt straighten the teeth. The interferences in the guiding contours of the teeth stimulated grinding in an attempt to position the tooth into the correct alignment. Maybe?. ...
Do your teeth reflect your health? The world famous dentist Weston A. Price believed this to be true.. Price pioneered the belief that nutrition directly affects our teeth. Even in the early 1900s, he believed that our modern-day diet of processed and refined food directly affected the health of our teeth. So, Dr. Price made it his mission to find out what our teeth really needed to stay healthy and cavity free.. After examining the teeth of many native tribes around the world (all of which had remarkable teeth-without even brushing), Dr. Price created a diet to prevent and treat dental decay.. Using this nutritional approach, Dr. Price was able to prevent over 95% of cavities.?Once the diet was followed correctly and for an adequate amount of time, he saw cavities actually heal themselves. This may seem crazy, but if bones can heal themselves after a fracture or break, a tooth can heal, too. We can literally remineralize our teeth so that holes from cavities can fill in!. Dr. Prices dietary ...
Gold teeth grills - Gold Teeth,tnb gold teeth,gold teeth,silver teeth,grillz .... Teeth Whiten Tips - Polishes while Whitening, No strips or trays to wear, Removes plaque at the same time, Professional results at home.
A system for repositioning teeth comprises a plurality of individual appliances used with braces. The appliances are configured to be placed successively on the patients teeth and to incrementally reposition the teeth from an initial tooth arrangement, through a plurality of intermediate tooth arrangements, and to a final tooth arrangement. The appliances may be substituted with braces as appropriate to optimize the treatment of the teeth.
When teeth arent taken care of regularly, little problems turn into big ones that can only be treated by extraction of one or more teeth, a process that requires anesthesia. "Surgically pulling the teeth is not the big deal here," says Joyce. "Its being under anesthesia thats dangerous and worrisome. And the more teeth you need to extract, the longer the anesthesia. And the longer the anesthesia, the more dangerous it becomes.". Gum disease has also been linked to cardiac disease in both cats and people. The correlation is not yet very well understood by scientists, but it stresses the fact that good dental care is about more than just healthy teeth.. Start a Dental-care Regimen for Your Cat. Regularly brush your cats teeth with special veterinary toothpaste, as cats are likely to swallow it and the fluoride in toothpaste for people could harm them. The AVMAs online video network, AVMAtv.com, offers an informative video on how to brush your pets teeth.. Regular cleanings -- ideally once a ...
Peppermint does great when it comes to pain reduction of an abscessed tooth. It has anti-inflammatory and antibacterial properties which helps in reducing inflammation and preventing the spread of such infections.. 1. Apply some drops of peppermint oil onto the infected part using your fingers for a few minutes.. 2. Again, obtain the fresh peppermint juice found in the leaves then followed by applying it on the infected tooth.. Stick to one of these methods for a couple of times every day.. Additional tips on how to get rid of tooth abscess.. 1. Apply some cold compress on the cheek close to the affected tooth for some minutes to endure the pain relief.. 2. Drink half glass of wheatgrass solution daily onto an empty stomach for better alleviation of abscessed tooth discomforts.. 3. Brush and rinse your teeth two times every day.. 4. Always apply toothpaste with fluoride substance to reduce the chances of emerging an abscessed tooth.. 5. Apply antimicrobial mouthwash when rinsing your mouth to ...
The researchers, led by Megan Brickley, an anthropologist at McMaster University in Hamilton, Ontario, analyzed a total of 12 teeth from four women who were buried in a French cemetery between 1225 and 1798 and two people who were buried in rural Quebec between 1771 and 1860, a child believed to be three years old and a 24-year-old man who had four bouts of rickets before he turned 13 years. The team determined who likely had rickets from their bones and then analyzed their teeth, cutting each tooth into several transparent slices, thinner than a sheet of tissue paper, and examining them under microscopes. "We were able to see inside that tooth, what was housed in there, years ago," said Dr. Brickley. They correlated the age at which the tooth was forming, with the location of the defect in the tooth. They reached this precision because teeth develop at different rates and leave behind concentric circles like tree rings over time. The researchers could look at the abnormalities within those ...
Mainly caused by gingivitis and a chipped tooth, an abscessed tooth is an infection between the gums or in tooths root, which is very painful. It forms the pus inside the tooth and causes toothache. Bacteria enter in an abscessed tooth and multiply, spreading infection in the bone, which supports the tooth. If not treated on time, it may result in severe life-threatening hitches. The pain caused by abscessed tooth is unbearable and to prevent this kind of pain, people try many things, and end up having more pain. If you are also suffering from this gum disease, we will tell you the dos and donts. Firstly, youll need to recognize the symptoms and causes. ...
What is an abscessed tooth? An abscessed tooth is an infection in or around the tooth. It can be very painful. If the infection isnt treated, it can spread and you can lose your tooth or have other health problems. What causes an abscessed tooth? Damage to the tooth, an untreated cavity (tooth decay), or gum disease...
Posted on 05/18/2013 2:08:28 PM PDT by LibWhacker. An international team of scientists led by Prof Cheng-Ming Chuong from the University of Southern California has discovered unique cellular and molecular mechanisms behind tooth renewal in American alligators (Alligator mississippiensis).. Their findings, published in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, pave the way for tooth regeneration in people. Humans naturally only have two sets of teeth baby teeth and adult teeth. Ultimately, we want to identify stem cells that can be used as a resource to stimulate tooth renewal in adult humans who have lost teeth. But, to do that, we must first understand how they renew in other animals and why they stop in people, Prof Chuong said. Whereas most vertebrates can replace teeth throughout their lives, human teeth are naturally replaced only once, despite the lingering presence of a band of epithelial tissue called the dental lamina, which is crucial to tooth development. Because alligators ...
The article focuses on the benefits and applications of dental stem cells for dental hygiene practice and research. It mentions various types of stem cells including embryonic and somatic stem cells, and discusses their advantages and disadvantages. It gives an overview of the history of the development of dental stem cells and their potential use in the treatment of diseases including Parkinsons. Also discussed is the future of dental stem cells research and dental hygienists role in it. INSETS: Nondental Stem Cells for Dental Applications;How Stem Cells Are Extracted from Banked Tissue ...
Teeth Whitening Pens - (3 Pack). Teeth Whitening Specials Cape Town Terminology Medical Breath For are spots normal for a rotten tooth - it doesnt seem swallen but it the jaw Wisdom teeth extractions are recommended in a number of cases in which the teeth are impacted and gum tissue grows over the impacted teeth. Top Tooth Brushing Tips. Spread Heads Toothpaste Heads. This nerve supplies sensation to the lower teeth on Teeth Whitening Specials Cape Town Terminology Medical Breath For the right or left half of the dental arch and the sense of touch to the right or left half of the chin and lower lip.. Professional whitening performed by our office is considered to be the most effective and Now your tooth root is exposed. Dental Implants Provide a Better Solution. Teeth Whitening Want perfectly white teeth? tooth implant pain uk cleaning dublin cheap The results speak for themselves Whiter ighter teeth in less than an hour! Teeth are stained by the foods and drinks we consume. You can do this by ...
Impacted wisdom teeth are third molars at the back of the mouth that dont have enough room to emerge or develop normally.. Wisdom teeth are the last adult teeth to come into the mouth (erupt). Most people have four wisdom teeth at the back of the mouth - two on the top, two on the bottom.. Impacted wisdom teeth can result in pain, damage to other teeth and other dental problems. In some cases, impacted wisdom teeth may cause no apparent or immediate problems. But because theyre hard to clean, they may be more vulnerable to tooth decay and gum disease than other teeth are.. Impacted wisdom teeth that cause pain or other dental complications are usually removed. Some dentists and oral surgeons also recommend removing impacted wisdom teeth that dont cause symptoms to prevent future problems.. Impacted wisdom teeth dont always cause symptoms. However, when an impacted wisdom tooth becomes infected, damages other teeth or causes other dental problems, you may experience some of these signs or ...
The third molars, or wisdom teeth, are the last to erupt, which typically happens by late adolescence. However, in a large number of patients, those teeth become impacted, which means that they must be removed by an experienced oral surgeon before significant problems with these impacted teeth occur.. When wisdom teeth fail to erupt properly, a number of problems can result. Because it is particularly challenging for patients to keep the gums around a wisdom tooth and third molar teeth clean, they can create a haven for infection-causing bacteria.. Impacted wisdom teeth may also cause patients discomfort and develop cysts and tumors. In their attempts to push through the gums, the wisdom teeth may also force the other teeth out of alignment.. To prevent such problems, patients should schedule a wisdom tooth extraction well before reaching age 25. Patients who wait to pursue wisdom tooth extraction until they are older may face a greater risk of complications. As the patient ages, the roots of ...
The majority of wisdom teeth cause a variety of oral health issues, including painful infections, sore gums, misalignment, and more severely jaw and nerve damage. According to the American Association of Oral & Maxillofacial Surgeons (http://www.aaoms.org/) up to 85% of wisdom teeth will eventually need to be removed.. As accomplished and experienced oral surgeons we offer phenomenal care in the removal of wisdom teeth. We are happy to evaluate your wisdom teeth and create a treatment plan if needed. Call 718-899-7811 or email us at [email protected] to arrange a personal consultation.. What are wisdom teeth?. Third molar teeth, commonly referred to as wisdom teeth, consist of the upper and lower third molars. They are called wisdom teeth because they usually grow in when a person is between age 17 and 25 or older-old enough to have supposedly gained some wisdom. Most adults have four wisdom teeth, but it is possible to have more or less.. Wisdom teeth are commonly extracted when they ...
Teeth loss, especially first permanent molar teeth loss is the ultimate barometer of failure or success in dentistry and dental health programs. A cross-sectional study was conducted among 210 patients attending in outpatient department of selected dental hospitals in Dhaka city to find out the loss of first permanent molar teeth among them. Regarding age (34.8%) of the respondents were below 25 years followed by 25.5% between 25 35 years (mean age 33.16 ± 14.10 years). In case of educational status (31%) completed primary education followed by 16.2% were graduates and 33.3% were illiterates. Majority (59.5%) of the respondents had monthly family income below 5000 BDT (mean income 6802.39 ± 6630. 39 BDT). Among the respondents, 33.8% knew brushing technique and 79.5% of them brushed once in a day. Majority (68.5%) of them used tooth paste for brushing and tooth brush was used by 67.1% of the respondents. In case of first permanent molar tooth missing, 50% missed lower left, 19.6% lower right, ...
Looking for online definition of enamel epithelium in the Medical Dictionary? enamel epithelium explanation free. What is enamel epithelium? Meaning of enamel epithelium medical term. What does enamel epithelium mean?
A 23 year-old-woman was referred to point out for pain on the left side of her face and mucopurulent rhinorrhoea lasting for 07 months with long history of recurrent sinusitis. Antibiotics and pain-killers were prescribed to him in the first time. On examination of the oral cavity, all the permanent teeth were present. At nasal endoscopic examination we found a mucopus trickling from the left middle meatus.clinical diagnosis is for sinusitis of dental origin, fungal sinusitis or chronic rhinosinusitis Coronal computed tomography (CT) of the paranasal sinuses revealed the presence of a supernumerary molar tooth (Arrow) within left maxillary sinus floor (A). The tooth was extracted by traditional approach (Caldwell-Luc procedure) from the maxillary sinus under general anesthesia (B, C, D), and the patient has been asymptomatic for more than 02 years. The presence of ectopic or supernumerary tooth in the maxillary sinus is most often asymptomatic but on rare occasions can be a cause of recurrent sinusitis.

Longitudinal study of gastroesophageal reflux and erosive tooth wear | BMC Gastroenterology | Full TextLongitudinal study of gastroesophageal reflux and erosive tooth wear | BMC Gastroenterology | Full Text

The aim of this study was to characterize the longitudinal course of GERD and of associated erosive tooth wear, as well as ... At follow-up, no further progression in erosive tooth wear was observed in 53 (74%) of patients. The percentage of time with a ... No longitudinal studies of reflux-associated erosive tooth wear and of reflux characteristics have been reported to date. ... In this longitudinal study in patients with erosive tooth wear and oligosymptomatic GERD receiving esomeprazole for one year, ...
more infohttps://bmcgastroenterol.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s12876-017-0670-1

Isnip.net :: How To Prepare For Wisdom Tooth ExtractionIsnip.net :: How To Prepare For Wisdom Tooth Extraction

Is wisdom teeth removal surgery, Wisdom teeth extraction extract the pain and the tooth, Wisdom tooth extraction my dentist, ... Wisdom tooth extraction, Wisdom tooth removal extractions for impacted teeth, How to stop a toothache emergency dentist san ... How to prepare for wisdom tooth extraction a nation of moms, ... Ebook How To Prepare For Wisdom Tooth Extraction :: ... How To Prepare For Wisdom Tooth Extraction wisdom teeth removal. *How To Prepare For Wisdom Tooth Extraction wisdom tooth ...
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Porcelain Veneers: Effective Teeth Discoloration SolutionPorcelain Veneers: Effective Teeth Discoloration Solution

Porcelain veneers can correct your teeths discoloration issues. Village Dental services use state of the art equipment to get ... Pros and Cons of Getting Your Teeth Bleached October 23, 2017 * How to Find a Good Dentist that Your Beautiful Teeth Deserve ... Unlike your natural teeth, your veneers will resist tea and coffee stains-as well as those from cigarette smoke-because they ... Wanting to try out an effective solution to discolored teeth? Dr. Michael Rasch, DDS, of Village Dental has 17 years of expert ...
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Tetracycline stains teeth whitening / Clomid e gonasi 5000Tetracycline stains teeth whitening / Clomid e gonasi 5000

Tooth discoloration due to tetracycline?.. Teeth bleaching and whitening to remove stains from teeth. Teeth whitening is a ... Whitening Strips Damage Teeth how to make teeth blinding white.Your teeth may become sensitive when using Crest Whitestrips ... teeth whitening for tetracycline stains; teeth whitening reviews makeupalley.. Tooth Whitenning / Veneers , Dr Petitbois & Dr ... The most rapid whitening occurred in the first month.Teeth Whitening Guide: teeth whitening guide Teeth whitening term ...
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Correlation between genotype and supernumerary tooth formation in cleidocranial dysplasia<...Correlation between genotype and supernumerary tooth formation in cleidocranial dysplasia<...

Supernumerary teeth and delayed eruption and impaction of permanent teeth are frequently associated with CCD. Our previous ... Supernumerary teeth and delayed eruption and impaction of permanent teeth are frequently associated with CCD. Our previous ... Supernumerary teeth and delayed eruption and impaction of permanent teeth are frequently associated with CCD. Our previous ... Supernumerary teeth and delayed eruption and impaction of permanent teeth are frequently associated with CCD. Our previous ...
more infohttps://keio.pure.elsevier.com/en/publications/correlation-between-genotype-and-supernumerary-tooth-formation-in

Longitudinal study of gastroesophageal reflux and erosive tooth wear | BMC Gastroenterology | Full TextLongitudinal study of gastroesophageal reflux and erosive tooth wear | BMC Gastroenterology | Full Text

The aim of this study was to characterize the longitudinal course of GERD and of associated erosive tooth wear, as well as ... At follow-up, no further progression in erosive tooth wear was observed in 53 (74%) of patients. The percentage of time with a ... No longitudinal studies of reflux-associated erosive tooth wear and of reflux characteristics have been reported to date. ... In this longitudinal study in patients with erosive tooth wear and oligosymptomatic GERD receiving esomeprazole for one year, ...
more infohttps://0-bmcgastroenterol-biomedcentral-com.brum.beds.ac.uk/articles/10.1186/s12876-017-0670-1

Teeth Whitening Slideshow: How to Do It NaturallyTeeth Whitening Slideshow: How to Do It Naturally

... at-home remedies are safe and can whiten your teeth. Others wont and might harm your teeth or gums. Find out from WebMD what ... It actually changes a tooths color. One study found that painting an over-the-counter gel with 6% hydrogen peroxide on teeth ... Some natural, at-home remedies are safe and can whiten your teeth. Find out what your best bets are, and which to not bother ... A recent study found that using coconut oil could prevent tooth decay, but theres no science to support it leaving a sparkle. ...
more infohttps://www.webmd.com/oral-health/ss/slideshow-natural-teeth-whitening

Tooth loss in middle age linked to heart disease | ReutersTooth loss in middle age linked to heart disease | Reuters

Reuters Health) - Losing two or more natural teeth in middle age may signal an increased risk for coronary heart disease, a U.S ... Among adults with 25 to 32 natural teeth at the beginning of the study, those who lost two or more teeth during follow-up had a ... "Peridontitis and gingivitis lead to tooth loss and the loss of a tooth is certainly the end-stage of dental disease," said Dr. ... Adults with fewer than 17 natural teeth (vs. 25 to 32 natural teeth) at the outset were 25 percent more likely to develop ...
more infohttps://uk.reuters.com/article/us-tooth-loss-heart-disease/tooth-loss-in-middle-age-linked-to-heart-disease-idUKKBN1HP2QN

Comparison between different concentrations of fluoride toothpaste for preventing tooth decay in children and adolescents |...Comparison between different concentrations of fluoride toothpaste for preventing tooth decay in children and adolescents |...

Many children experience painful tooth decay which can lead to the tooth/teeth being extracted. Even if teeth are not extracted ... Caries (dental decay) is a disease of the hard tissues of the teeth caused by an imbalance, over time, in the interactions ... Comparison between different concentrations of fluoride toothpaste for preventing tooth decay in children and adolescents. ... Although none of the trials included in the review looked at fluorosis or mottling of the childrens teeth, fluorosis may be an ...
more infohttp://www.cochrane.org/CD007868/ORAL_comparison-between-different-concentrations-of-fluoride-toothpaste-for-preventing-tooth-decay-in-children-and-adolescents

Tooth whitening - WikipediaTooth whitening - Wikipedia

Tooth wear and ageing: Tooth wear is a progressive loss of enamel and dentine due to tooth erosion, abrasion and attrition. As ... The process of tooth whitening lightens the colour of a tooth.[1] Tooth whitening can be achieved by either changing the ... "Tooth Whitening". 8 Dec 2014.. *^ a b "Public Attitudes to Tooth Whitening Regulations (Presentation)" (PDF). General Dental ... tooth whitening can occur within three days and lighten teeth by one or two shades.[1] This type of tooth whitening is ...
more infohttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tooth_whitening

Tooth whitening - WikipediaTooth whitening - Wikipedia

Natural Tooth Shade[edit]. The perception of tooth colour is multi-factorial. Reflection and absorption of light by the tooth ... Tooth wear and ageing: Tooth wear is a progressive loss of enamel and dentine due to tooth erosion, abrasion and attrition. As ... The process of tooth whitening lightens the colour of a tooth.[1] Tooth whitening can be achieved by either changing the ... tooth whitening can occur within 3 days and lighten teeth by 1 or 2 shades.[1] This type of tooth whitening is available over ...
more infohttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tooth_bleaching

Tooth FairyTooth Fairy

... is screenwriting on a first grade level, and though its being billed as family comedy, Im pretty sure it was only ... Tooth Fairy is screenwriting on a first grade level, and though its being billed as family comedy, Im pretty sure it was only ... Tooth Fairy is screenwriting on a first grade level, and though its being billed as family comedy, Im pretty sure it was only ... Does the silly willy goalie want his itsy bitsy teeth punched out? I bet he does! I just bet he does! Crunch. That baby talk ...
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Tooth extractionTooth extraction

My dentist has decided to extract a tooth that has an abscess forming in the root. Should a course of antibiotics be given ... If a tooth is painful, the gum swollen and inflamed and work was carried out on that tooth - it would seem reasonable to give ... Tooth extraction. My dentist has decided to extract a tooth that has an abscess forming in the root. Should a course of ... You go on to say that a temporary filling was put in a tooth (presumably another tooth, not the one with the abscess that was ...
more infohttps://www.netdoctor.co.uk/ask-the-expert/mouth/a3072/tooth-extraction/

Edentulism and Tooth RetentionEdentulism and Tooth Retention

18 teeth), or poor and near-poor combined (18 teeth); who had a high school education (19 teeth) or less (17 teeth); and who ... 1.1 teeth) and near-poor (0.9 teeth). No group had a decrease in the mean number of teeth. Since 1999-2004, no detectable ... was 25.5 teeth-an increase of 0.5 teeth from 1999-2004 (Table 34). Increases in the mean number of teeth retained were found ... Dentate older adults had an average of 21 teeth, which is an increase of almost 2 teeth since 1999-2004 (Table 36). No changes ...
more infohttps://www.cdc.gov/oralhealth/publications/OHSR-2019-edentulism-tooth-retention.html

Sweet ToothSweet Tooth

Unscramble the Sweet Tooth Channel! Avoid the sweets and munch the fruits and vegetables while you chase Mr. Toothbrush through ... Unscramble the Sweet Tooth Channel! Avoid the sweets and munch the fruits and vegetables while you chase Mr. Toothbrush through ... http://marketplace.xbox.com/da-DK/Product/Sweet-Tooth/bacfcf6f-e897-4d63-a593-207e75fe385a?cid=SLink Klik for at oprette og ...
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Tooth Disorders: MedlinePlusTooth Disorders: MedlinePlus

There are a variety of problems associated with tooth disorders such as cavities and infections. Uncover the related symptoms, ... Tooth injuries such as broken or chipped teeth. What causes tooth disorders?. The causes of tooth disorders varies, depending ... Can tooth disorders be prevented?. The main thing that you can do to prevent tooth disorders is to take good care of your teeth ... Worn-down teeth. How are tooth disorders diagnosed?. Your dentist will ask about your symptoms, look at your teeth, and probe ...
more infohttps://medlineplus.gov/toothdisorders.html

Tooth Decay: MedlinePlusTooth Decay: MedlinePlus

Your dentist calls it tooth decay or dental caries. Theyre all names for a hole in your tooth. Find out how to prevent it. ... What is tooth decay?. Tooth decay is damage to a tooths surface, or enamel. It happens when bacteria in your mouth make acids ... Tooth decay can lead to cavities (dental caries), which are holes in your teeth. If tooth decay is not treated, it can cause ... Who is at risk for tooth decay?. The main risk factors for tooth decay are not taking care of your teeth and having too many ...
more infohttps://medlineplus.gov/toothdecay.html

tooth grinding - opinionstooth grinding - opinions

tooth grinding. Posted by preethu prasad on 19 Jan 2013 at 5:51 am sir, i wanted to know thet while grinding the tooths will it ... Why do people grind their teeth? Posted by biira jane on 7 Feb 2013 at 11:09 am Want to know why people grind their teeth in ... actually my front side tooth is missing, so my doctor asked me to grind my 4 front tooths. will it effect it into ma brain or ... 2. When the teeth disclude at lateral movement physiologically, there ist no contact between the antagonists. When there is no ...
more infohttps://www.medicalnewstoday.com/opinions/114463

Tooth Fairy (2010) - IMDbTooth Fairy (2010) - IMDb

He must serve one week as a real-life tooth fairy. ... hare krishna , tooth , fairy , tooth fairy , wings , See All ( ... Derek Thompson: You cant handle the Tooth! And thats the Tooth, the whole Tooth and nothing but the Tooth! I pledge ... Tooth Fairy (2010) PG , 1h 41min , Comedy, Family, Fantasy , 22 January 2010 (USA) ... Gabrielle Union, 5 More Minutes Bite On Tallulah The Tooth Fairy CEO; Yamara Taylor To Adapt Kids Book Into Movie 08 March ...
more infohttps://www.imdb.com/title/tt0808510/?ref_=nm_flmg_act_43

Antique Whale Tooth ScrimshawAntique Whale Tooth Scrimshaw

... tooth whale tooth whale tooth whale tooth whale tooth whale tooth whale tooth whale tooth whale tooth whale tooth whale tooth. ... FREDERICK MYRICK/Susans Teeth (1808-1862). 20th century copies. JAMES BUTE (tooth c.1834),. a private in the Royal Marines. ... A Godeys Lady tooth c.1840. {this whaler-made, scrimshaw tooth has been matched (a great rarity). with its original source ... scrimshaw scrimshaw scrimshaw scrimshaw scrimshaw scrimshaw scrimshaw sperm whale tooth whale tooth whale tooth whale tooth ...
more infohttp://www.angelfire.com/ca/antiquescrimshaw/

Neuroscience For Kids - toothNeuroscience For Kids - tooth

Just for the record, children usually have 20 baby teeth (also called milk teeth). Adults have 32 permanent teeth. The 32 teeth ... The Tooth The tooth is an amazing sensory organ. The outside of the tooth, the enamel, is the hardest tissue in the human body ... If you have ever had a cracked tooth or had a cavity in a tooth, you know that the message sent to the brain by the teeth is ... The enamel surrounds another layer of the tooth called the dentin. The tooth pulp lies in the middle of the tooth. The pulp ...
more infohttps://faculty.washington.edu/chudler/tooth.html

Diamond Tooth Taxidermy | EcouterreDiamond Tooth Taxidermy | Ecouterre

Diamond Tooth Taxidermy "Recycles" Dead Animals Into Creepy Wearables. *by Helen Morgan ...
more infohttps://inhabitat.com/ecouterre/tag/diamond-tooth-taxidermy/

Prognosis - Tooth Decay - bodyPrognosis - Tooth Decay - body

The sooner tooth decay is treated, the less of a problem it is. Without treatment, decay attacks more and more of a tooth, ...
more infohttp://www.faqs.org/health/Sick-V4/Tooth-Decay-Prognosis.html

The Tooth Exchange - latimesThe Tooth Exchange - latimes

The Chinese toss the tiny teeth onto roofs. Mexicans offer them to el raton, a gray mouse, and Swedes sweep them under the rug ... from pillows and tooth banks to porcelain and silver tooth boxes. In the museum are more than 500 pieces of Tooth Fairy ... Part of the magic of the Tooth Fairy is her fairness. "A child might think that its unfair that she lost a tooth," Schwartzman ... "Tell the child that the Tooth Fairy couldnt make it to your neighborhood, but she will return the next night. The Tooth Fairy ...
more infohttp://articles.latimes.com/1996-04-07/news/ls-55703_1_tooth-fairy

Canadas tooth fairy updateCanada's tooth fairy update

Saskatchewan Oral Health Coalition and Canadas Tooth Fairy Our Vision is to create a world where no Child suffers from ... Canadas tooth fairy update * 1. Saskatchewan Oral Health Coalition and Canadas Tooth Fairy Our Vision is to create a world ... Sharing their knowledge with the magnetic tooth! * 11. • Kits will remain in the school libraries. • The schools were excited ... 2. Tooth Fairy 101 Community Education Kit • Double-sided magnetic display board • Magnets • Giant toothbrush • Laminates • 12 ...
more infohttps://www.slideshare.net/saskohc/canadas-tooth-fairy-update-69240224
  • Tooth Fairy is screenwriting on a first grade level, and though it's being billed as family comedy, I'm pretty sure it was only ever meant for first graders. (cinemablend.com)
  • This time it happens because he's turned into a tooth fairy for reasons which are so flimsy, they're not even worth remembering. (cinemablend.com)
  • A bad deed on the part of a tough minor-league hockey player results in an unusual sentence: He must serve one week as a real-life tooth fairy. (imdb.com)
  • The Tooth Fairy made her debut in the United States around the turn of the century, rooted in the belief in fairies imported by immigrants from Great Britain. (latimes.com)
  • Marking the loss of a tooth is a rite of passage that has been performed in practically all cultures for thousands of years," said Rosemary Wells, a former English professor and self-titled Tooth Fairy consultant. (latimes.com)
  • The Tooth Fairy is equally generous to the well-off and the poor. (latimes.com)
  • Wells, who operates the Tooth Fairy Museum out of her Deerfield, Ill., home, believes the custom has endured because it helps both parent and child through a stressful situation, "the sociological change when the child shifts from home to school. (latimes.com)
  • While not as commercial as Santa Claus or the Easter Bunny, the Tooth Fairy has done well for herself in the marketing arena. (latimes.com)
  • There are dozens of Tooth Fairy-inspired children's books and a cottage industry of products, from pillows and tooth banks to porcelain and silver tooth boxes. (latimes.com)
  • In the museum are more than 500 pieces of Tooth Fairy memorabilia, including small boxes and bags and pillows to stash lost teeth in and a plastic tooth bank in the shape of a mouse. (latimes.com)
  • Visiting children have left hundreds of their drawings of the Tooth Fairy. (latimes.com)
  • Sometimes the Tooth Fairy doesn't carry cash, preferring nonmonetary gifts. (latimes.com)
  • Any item that is important to a child can be left by the Tooth Fairy," Wells said. (latimes.com)
  • What about that most embarrassing of situations: when the Tooth Fairy somehow dozes off and fails to complete her duties? (latimes.com)
  • Tell the child that the Tooth Fairy couldn't make it to your neighborhood, but she will return the next night. (latimes.com)
  • The Tooth Fairy never fails to discharge her assignment. (latimes.com)
  • The Tooth Fairy is a warm, giving maternal figure that helps children accept and feel good about what's happened. (latimes.com)
  • Part of the magic of the Tooth Fairy is her fairness. (latimes.com)
  • The Tooth Fairy puts children's focus on what they are gaining, as opposed to what they have lost. (latimes.com)
  • In addition to other established associations between dental health and risk of disease, our findings suggest that middle-aged adults who have lost two or more teeth in recent past could be at increased risk for cardiovascular disease," Dr. Lu Qi of Tulane University in New Orleans said in a statement. (reuters.com)
  • Among adults with 25 to 32 natural teeth at the beginning of the study, those who lost two or more teeth during follow-up had a 23 percent increased risk of coronary heart disease compared with those who didn't lose any teeth. (reuters.com)
  • Adults with fewer than 17 natural teeth (vs. 25 to 32 natural teeth) at the outset were 25 percent more likely to develop coronary heart disease. (reuters.com)
  • Compared to 1999-2004, the percentage of adults who were edentulous (i.e., had lost all of their natural teeth) decreased in 2011-2016 (4% vs. 2%) (Table 33). (cdc.gov)
  • By 2011-2016, the mean number of permanent teeth retained among dentate adults (i.e., those who have at least one permanent tooth present) was 25.5 teeth-an increase of 0.5 teeth from 1999-2004 (Table 34). (cdc.gov)
  • Adults in the following groups retained fewer teeth than the respective reference groups in each sociodemographic characteristic: those aged 50-64 years, non-Hispanic blacks, Mexican Americans, or poor and near-poor adults combined, those with a high school education or less, and current or former smokers. (cdc.gov)
  • About 1 in 6 older adults (17%) had lost all of their teeth-a decrease of 10 percentage points compared to 1999-2004. (cdc.gov)
  • Dentate older adults had an average of 21 teeth, which is an increase of almost 2 teeth since 1999-2004 (Table 36). (cdc.gov)
  • During 2011-2016, the number of teeth retained among older adults across sociodemographic characteristics ranged from 16 to 22 teeth. (cdc.gov)
  • Adults have 32 permanent teeth. (washington.edu)
  • Adults have 4 canine teeth (2 in the top jaw and 2 in the bottom jaw). (enchantedlearning.com)
  • Most adults have four wisdom teeth, one in each of the four quadrants, but it is possible to have fewer or more, in which case the extras are called supernumerary teeth. (wikipedia.org)
  • Just for the record, children usually have 20 baby teeth (also called milk teeth). (washington.edu)
  • But while other countries celebrate the loss of just the first tooth, Americans keep on giving, compensating children for all 20 baby teeth. (latimes.com)
  • Saving baby teeth may seem quaint and sentimental, but it comes from a deep-rooted tradition. (latimes.com)
  • Reuters Health) - Losing two or more natural teeth in middle age may signal an increased risk for coronary heart disease, a U.S. study suggests. (reuters.com)
  • That's regardless of the number of natural teeth a person has as a middle-aged adult, or whether they have traditional risk factors for cardiovascular disease, such as poor diet or high blood pressure. (reuters.com)
  • They were asked about the number of natural teeth first in 1986 in the HPFS, and in 1992 in the NHS. (reuters.com)
  • Regardless of the number of natural teeth at start of the study, the risk of coronary heart disease increased 16 percent among those losing two or more teeth during the study period compared with those who didn't lose any teeth. (reuters.com)
  • Crowns may be placed on natural teeth or dental implants. (angelfire.com)
  • The main disadvantage is that the color match to natural teeth is not quite as lifelike as with ceramic crowns. (angelfire.com)
  • Natural teeth treat light in a way that artificial structures can't compete with. (everything2.com)
  • Although none of the trials included in the review looked at fluorosis or mottling of the children's teeth, fluorosis may be an unwanted result of using fluoride toothpaste in young children and a Cochrane review on this topic has also been published. (cochrane.org)
  • Slippery and surprising, full of odd details and insights, and leaching significant visual and thematic texture from its unusual setting, Liang Ming's "Wisdom Tooth" must be one of the year's most remarkable debuts. (rottentomatoes.com)
  • There are no featured audience reviews for Wisdom Tooth at this time. (rottentomatoes.com)
  • The oldest known impacted wisdom tooth belonged to a European woman of the Magdalenian period (18,000-10,000 BCE). (wikipedia.org)
  • Treatment of an erupted wisdom tooth is the same as any other tooth in the mouth. (wikipedia.org)
  • Rather, touching the tooth activates nerve fibers in the periodontal ligament (the ligament that surrounds the tooth) that are very sensitive to slight displacement of the tooth. (washington.edu)
  • Floss or interdental cleaners should be used regularly to remove plaque from the crown area where the gum meets the tooth. (angelfire.com)
  • You go on to say that a temporary filling was put in a tooth (presumably another tooth, not the one with the abscess that was extracted), but an infection developed. (netdoctor.co.uk)
  • The next step is to fill the tooth with a temporary filling. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Typical works include decorated whale teeth and practical items such as napkin rings, canes, knitting needles, pie crimpers or jagging wheels (for cutting pastry), bodkins (for embroidery), swifts (yarn winders) and tools of all sorts for shipboard use. (angelfire.com)
  • Sometimes called cuspids,these teeth are shaped like points(cusps) and are used for tearing and grasping food Like human teeth, whale teeth have polyp-like protrusions located on the root surface of the tooth. (wikipedia.org)
  • You may also have a tooth or teeth pulled because of overcrowding in your mouth. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Find out what happens when you have an operation to remove a root of a tooth because they are causing mouth infections, are causing pain, and if it is no longer possible to repair them or make them infection-free. (netdoctor.co.uk)
  • Brushing your teeth removes superficial dirt, it is an important part of good oral hygiene and a reminder that what you put into your mouth matters. (everything2.com)
  • Maybe there is a benefit to some of these buy-outs as more natural and organic products are absorbed by conscientious consumers who would like to do right by their mouth and the planet however I can't help but notice that while quite a few people have sparkling white teeth the rest of their mouth seems suspiciously unhealthy. (everything2.com)
  • Wisdom teeth (often notated clinically as M3 for third molar) have long been identified as a source of problems and continue to be the most commonly impacted teeth in the human mouth. (wikipedia.org)
  • The genes governing tooth development in mammals are homologous to these involved in the development of fish scales. (wikipedia.org)
  • Tooth soap, sold as a liquid or small strips you place on your brush, does a decent job of cleaning your teeth however it remains ridiculously overpriced. (everything2.com)
  • A cavity is a hole in your tooth. (medlineplus.gov)
  • If you have ever had a cracked tooth or had a cavity in a tooth, you know that the message sent to the brain by the teeth is PAIN!!! . (washington.edu)
  • The nerve fibers inside teeth are exquisitely sensitive to stimulation when they can be activated. (washington.edu)
  • If a tooth is painful, the gum swollen and inflamed and work was carried out on that tooth - it would seem reasonable to give antibiotics from the start. (netdoctor.co.uk)
  • Toothpastes gently buff out stains from the surface of your teeth. (webmd.com)
  • The combination of intrinsic colour and the presence of extrinsic stains on the tooth surface influence the colour and thus the overall appearance of teeth. (wikipedia.org)
  • Below explains in depth the differences between the two sources of which contribute to such discolouration of the tooth surface. (wikipedia.org)
  • Results of radiometric dating from other caves in the region would indicate that the surface of Tooth Cave probably dates between 18,000 and 10,000 yr B.P., with some areas of Holocene deposition. (utep.edu)
  • The tooth receiving the crown will be recontoured by removing a layer of tooth structure from the chewing surface and the sides. (angelfire.com)
  • Tooth whitening can be achieved by either changing the intrinsic colour or by removing and controlling the formation of extrinsic stains. (wikipedia.org)