One of a set of bone-like structures in the mouth used for biting and chewing.
The failure to retain teeth as a result of disease or injury.
The collective tissues from which an entire tooth is formed, including the DENTAL SAC; ENAMEL ORGAN; and DENTAL PAPILLA. (From Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992)
The teeth of the first dentition, which are shed and replaced by the permanent teeth.
The upper part of the tooth, which joins the lower part of the tooth (TOOTH ROOT) at the cervix (TOOTH CERVIX) at a line called the cementoenamel junction. The entire surface of the crown is covered with enamel which is thicker at the extremity and becomes progressively thinner toward the cervix. (From Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p216)
The part of a tooth from the neck to the apex, embedded in the alveolar process and covered with cementum. A root may be single or divided into several branches, usually identified by their relative position, e.g., lingual root or buccal root. Single-rooted teeth include mandibular first and second premolars and the maxillary second premolar teeth. The maxillary first premolar has two roots in most cases. Maxillary molars have three roots. (Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p690)
The emergence of a tooth from within its follicle in the ALVEOLAR PROCESS of the MAXILLA or MANDIBLE into the ORAL CAVITY. (Boucher's Clinical Dental Terminology, 4th ed)
An extra tooth, erupted or unerupted, resembling or unlike the other teeth in the group to which it belongs. Its presence may cause malposition of adjacent teeth or prevent their eruption.
Congenital absence of or defects in structures of the teeth.
Loss of the tooth substance by chemical or mechanical processes
The surgical removal of a tooth. (Dorland, 28th ed)
A tooth from which the dental pulp has been removed or is necrotic. (Boucher, Clinical Dental Terminology, 4th ed)
The most posterior teeth on either side of the jaw, totaling eight in the deciduous dentition (2 on each side, upper and lower), and usually 12 in the permanent dentition (three on each side, upper and lower). They are grinding teeth, having large crowns and broad chewing surfaces. (Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p821)
A tooth that is prevented from erupting by a physical barrier, usually other teeth. Impaction may also result from orientation of the tooth in an other than vertical position in the periodontal structures.
Any change in the hue, color, or translucency of a tooth due to any cause. Restorative filling materials, drugs (both topical and systemic), pulpal necrosis, or hemorrhage may be responsible. (Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p253)
A normal developing tooth which has not yet perforated the oral mucosa or one that fails to erupt in the normal sequence or time interval expected for the type of tooth in a given gender, age, or population group.
Any of the eight frontal teeth (four maxillary and four mandibular) having a sharp incisal edge for cutting food and a single root, which occurs in man both as a deciduous and a permanent tooth. (Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p820)
The process of TOOTH formation. It is divided into several stages including: the dental lamina stage, the bud stage, the cap stage, and the bell stage. Odontogenesis includes the production of tooth enamel (AMELOGENESIS), dentin (DENTINOGENESIS), and dental cementum (CEMENTOGENESIS).
The constricted part of the tooth at the junction of the crown and root or roots. It is often referred to as the cementoenamel junction (CEJ), the line at which the cementum covering the root of a tooth and the enamel of the tooth meet. (Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p530, p433)
A hard thin translucent layer of calcified substance which envelops and protects the dentin of the crown of the tooth. It is the hardest substance in the body and is almost entirely composed of calcium salts. Under the microscope, it is composed of thin rods (enamel prisms) held together by cementing substance, and surrounded by an enamel sheath. (From Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p286)
Physiologic loss of the primary dentition. (Zwemer, Boucher's Clinical Dental Terminology, 4th ed)
Partial or complete displacement of a tooth from its alveolar support. It is commonly the result of trauma. (From Boucher's Clinical Dental Terminology, 4th ed, p312)
Two teeth united during development by the union of their tooth germs; the teeth may be joined by the enamel of their crowns, by their root dentin, or by both.
The third tooth to the left and to the right of the midline of either jaw, situated between the second INCISOR and the premolar teeth (BICUSPID). (Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p817)
The process whereby calcium salts are deposited in the dental enamel. The process is normal in the development of bones and teeth. (Boucher's Clinical Dental Terminology, 4th ed, p43)
One of the eight permanent teeth, two on either side in each jaw, between the canines (CUSPID) and the molars (MOLAR), serving for grinding and crushing food. The upper have two cusps (bicuspid) but the lower have one to three. (Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p822)
Solid fixation of a tooth resulting from fusion of the cementum and alveolar bone, with obliteration of the periodontal ligament. It is uncommon in the deciduous dentition and very rare in permanent teeth. (Jablonski's Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992)
A richly vascularized and innervated connective tissue of mesodermal origin, contained in the central cavity of a tooth and delimited by the dentin, and having formative, nutritive, sensory, and protective functions. (Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992)
Progressive loss of the hard substance of a tooth by chemical processes that do not involve bacterial action. (Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p296)
A hollow part of the alveolar process of the MAXILLA or MANDIBLE where each tooth fits and is attached via the periodontal ligament.
Reinsertion of a tooth into the alveolus from which it was removed or otherwise lost.
One of a pair of irregularly shaped bones that form the upper jaw. A maxillary bone provides tooth sockets for the superior teeth, forms part of the ORBIT, and contains the MAXILLARY SINUS.
The hard portion of the tooth surrounding the pulp, covered by enamel on the crown and cementum on the root, which is harder and denser than bone but softer than enamel, and is thus readily abraded when left unprotected. (From Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992)
Resorption of calcified dental tissue, involving demineralization due to reversal of the cation exchange and lacunar resorption by osteoclasts. There are two types: external (as a result of tooth pathology) and internal (apparently initiated by a peculiar inflammatory hyperplasia of the pulp). (From Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p676)
Localized destruction of the tooth surface initiated by decalcification of the enamel followed by enzymatic lysis of organic structures and leading to cavity formation. If left unchecked, the cavity may penetrate the enamel and dentin and reach the pulp.
The teeth collectively in the dental arch. Dentition ordinarily refers to the natural teeth in position in their alveoli. Dentition referring to the deciduous teeth is DENTITION, PRIMARY; to the permanent teeth, DENTITION, PERMANENT. (From Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992)
A treatment modality in endodontics concerned with the therapy of diseases of the dental pulp. For preparatory procedures, ROOT CANAL PREPARATION is available.
Measurement of tooth characteristics.
The largest and strongest bone of the FACE constituting the lower jaw. It supports the lower teeth.
A tooth's loss of minerals, such as calcium in hydroxyapatite from the tooth matrix, caused by acidic exposure. An example of the occurrence of demineralization is in the formation of dental caries.
The 32 teeth of adulthood that either replace or are added to the complement of deciduous teeth. (Boucher's Clinical Dental Terminology, 4th ed)
A restoration designed to remain in service for not less than 20 to 30 years, usually made of gold casting, cohesive gold, or amalgam. (Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992)
Congenital absence of the teeth; it may involve all (total anodontia) or only some of the teeth (partial anodontia, hypodontia), and both the deciduous and the permanent dentition, or only teeth of the permanent dentition. (Dorland, 27th ed)
The selected form given to a natural tooth when it is reduced by instrumentation to receive a prosthesis (e.g., artificial crown or a retainer for a fixed or removable prosthesis). The selection of the form is guided by clinical circumstances and physical properties of the materials that make up the prosthesis. (Boucher's Clinical Dental Terminology, 4th ed, p239)
The fibrous CONNECTIVE TISSUE surrounding the TOOTH ROOT, separating it from and attaching it to the alveolar bone (ALVEOLAR PROCESS).
The thickest and spongiest part of the maxilla and mandible hollowed out into deep cavities for the teeth.
A means of identifying the age of an animal or human through tooth examination.
The bonelike rigid connective tissue covering the root of a tooth from the cementoenamel junction to the apex and lining the apex of the root canal, also assisting in tooth support by serving as attachment structures for the periodontal ligament. (Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992)
Cylindrical epithelial cells in the innermost layer of the ENAMEL ORGAN. Their functions include contribution to the development of the dentinoenamel junction by the deposition of a layer of the matrix, thus producing the foundation for the prisms (the structural units of the DENTAL ENAMEL), and production of the matrix for the enamel prisms and interprismatic substance. (From Jablonski's Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992)
The space in a tooth bounded by the dentin and containing the dental pulp. The portion of the cavity within the crown of the tooth is the pulp chamber; the portion within the root is the pulp canal or root canal.
Death of pulp tissue with or without bacterial invasion. When the necrosis is due to ischemia with superimposed bacterial infection, it is referred to as pulp gangrene. When the necrosis is non-bacterial in origin, it is called pulp mummification.
Therapeutic technique for replacement of minerals in partially decalcified teeth.
Presentation devices used for patient education and technique training in dentistry.
Extraoral body-section radiography depicting an entire maxilla, or both maxilla and mandible, on a single film.
Inflammation of the PERIAPICAL TISSUE. It includes general, unspecified, or acute nonsuppurative inflammation. Chronic nonsuppurative inflammation is PERIAPICAL GRANULOMA. Suppurative inflammation is PERIAPICAL ABSCESS.
The description and measurement of the various factors that produce physical stress upon dental restorations, prostheses, or appliances, materials associated with them, or the natural oral structures.
The study of the teeth of early forms of life through fossil remains.
An operation in which carious material is removed from teeth and biomechanically correct forms are established in the teeth to receive and retain restorations. A constant requirement is provision for prevention of failure of the restoration through recurrence of decay or inadequate resistance to applied stresses. (Boucher's Clinical Dental Terminology, 4th ed, p239-40)
Absence of teeth from a portion of the mandible and/or maxilla.
Synthetic resins, containing an inert filler, that are widely used in dentistry.
The proteins that are part of the dental enamel matrix.
An acquired or hereditary condition due to deficiency in the formation of tooth enamel (AMELOGENESIS). It is usually characterized by defective, thin, or malformed DENTAL ENAMEL. Risk factors for enamel hypoplasia include gene mutations, nutritional deficiencies, diseases, and environmental factors.
An abnormal opening or fissure between two adjacent teeth.
The relationship of all the components of the masticatory system in normal function. It has special reference to the position and contact of the maxillary and mandibular teeth for the highest efficiency during the excursive movements of the jaw that are essential for mastication. (From Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p556, p472)
Epithelial cells surrounding the dental papilla and differentiated into three layers: the inner enamel epithelium, consisting of ameloblasts which eventually form the enamel, and the enamel pulp and external enamel epithelium, both of which atrophy and disappear before and upon eruption of the tooth, respectively.
The practice of personal hygiene of the mouth. It includes the maintenance of oral cleanliness, tissue tone, and general preservation of oral health.
An adhesion procedure for orthodontic attachments, such as plastic DENTAL CROWNS. This process usually includes the application of an adhesive material (DENTAL CEMENTS) and letting it harden in-place by light or chemical curing.
The aftermost permanent tooth on each side in the maxilla and mandible.
Use of a metal casting, usually with a post in the pulp or root canal, designed to support and retain an artificial crown.
Dental procedure in which the entire pulp chamber is removed from the crown and roots of a tooth.
Total lack of teeth through disease or extraction.
Materials used in the production of dental bases, restorations, impressions, prostheses, etc.
The structures surrounding and supporting the tooth. Periodontium includes the gum (GINGIVA), the alveolar bone (ALVEOLAR PROCESS), the DENTAL CEMENTUM, and the PERIODONTAL LIGAMENT.
Mesodermal tissue enclosed in the invaginated portion of the epithelial enamel organ and giving rise to the dentin and pulp.
Pathological processes involving the PERIODONTIUM including the gum (GINGIVA), the alveolar bone (ALVEOLAR PROCESS), the DENTAL CEMENTUM, and the PERIODONTAL LIGAMENT.
"Decayed, missing and filled teeth," a routinely used statistical concept in dentistry.
Inability or inadequacy of a dental restoration or prosthesis to perform as expected.
Materials placed inside a root canal for the purpose of obturating or sealing it. The materials may be gutta-percha, silver cones, paste mixtures, or other substances. (Dorland, 28th ed, p631 & Boucher's Clinical Dental Terminology, 4th ed, p187)
Dental cements composed either of polymethyl methacrylate or dimethacrylate, produced by mixing an acrylic monomer liquid with acrylic polymers and mineral fillers. The cement is insoluble in water and is thus resistant to fluids in the mouth, but is also irritating to the dental pulp. It is used chiefly as a luting agent for fabricated and temporary restorations. (Jablonski's Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p159)
Migration of the teeth toward the midline or forward in the DENTAL ARCH. (From Boucher's Clinical Dental Terminology, 4th ed)
The testing of materials and devices, especially those used for PROSTHESES AND IMPLANTS; SUTURES; TISSUE ADHESIVES; etc., for hardness, strength, durability, safety, efficacy, and biocompatibility.
The plan, delineation, and location of actual structural elements of dentures. The design can relate to retainers, stress-breakers, occlusal rests, flanges, framework, lingual or palatal bars, reciprocal arms, etc.
Preparatory activities in ROOT CANAL THERAPY by partial or complete extirpation of diseased pulp, cleaning and sterilization of the empty canal, enlarging and shaping the canal to receive the sealing material. The cavity may be prepared by mechanical, sonic, chemical, or other means. (From Dorland, 28th ed, p1700)
A partial denture designed and constructed to be removed readily from the mouth.
An artificial replacement for one or more natural teeth or part of a tooth, or associated structures, ranging from a portion of a tooth to a complete denture. The dental prosthesis is used for cosmetic or functional reasons, or both. DENTURES and specific types of dentures are also available. (From Boucher's Clinical Dental Terminology, 4th ed, p244 & Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p643)
The seepage of fluids, debris, and micro-organisms between the walls of a prepared dental cavity and the restoration.
Phase of endodontic treatment in which a root canal system that has been cleaned is filled through use of special materials and techniques in order to prevent reinfection.
Inflammation of the DENTAL PULP, usually due to bacterial infection in dental caries, tooth fracture, or other conditions causing exposure of the pulp to bacterial invasion. Chemical irritants, thermal factors, hyperemic changes, and other factors may also cause pulpitis.
The act and process of chewing and grinding food in the mouth.
Substances used to bond COMPOSITE RESINS to DENTAL ENAMEL and DENTIN. These bonding or luting agents are used in restorative dentistry, ROOT CANAL THERAPY; PROSTHODONTICS; and ORTHODONTICS.
Devices used for influencing tooth position. Orthodontic appliances may be classified as fixed or removable, active or retaining, and intraoral or extraoral. (Boucher's Clinical Dental Terminology, 4th ed, p19)
A homeodomain protein that interacts with TATA-BOX BINDING PROTEIN. It represses GENETIC TRANSCRIPTION of target GENES and plays a critical role in ODONTOGENESIS.
A film that attaches to teeth, often causing DENTAL CARIES and GINGIVITIS. It is composed of MUCINS, secreted from salivary glands, and microorganisms.
The application of dental knowledge to questions of law.
Dense fibrous layer formed from mesodermal tissue that surrounds the epithelial enamel organ. The cells eventually migrate to the external surface of the newly formed root dentin and give rise to the cementoblasts that deposit cementum on the developing root, fibroblasts of the developing periodontal ligament, and osteoblasts of the developing alveolar bone.
Technique involving the passage of X-rays through oral structures to create a film record while a central tab or wing of dental X-ray film is being held between upper and lower teeth.
Diseases of the PERIAPICAL TISSUE surrounding the root of the tooth, which is distinguished from DENTAL PULP DISEASES inside the TOOTH ROOT.
Such malposition and contact of the maxillary and mandibular teeth as to interfere with the highest efficiency during the excursive movements of the jaw that are essential for mastication. (Jablonski, Illustrated Dictionary of Dentistry, 1982)
A major dental enamel-forming protein found in mammals. In humans the protein is encoded by GENES found on both the X CHROMOSOME and the Y CHROMOSOME.
A paired box transcription factor that is involved in ODONTOGENESIS.
The curve formed by the row of TEETH in their normal position in the JAW. The inferior dental arch is formed by the mandibular teeth, and the superior dental arch by the maxillary teeth.
A partial denture attached to prepared natural teeth, roots, or implants by cementation.
Bony structure of the mouth that holds the teeth. It consists of the MANDIBLE and the MAXILLA.
The plan and delineation of dental prostheses in general or a specific dental prosthesis. It does not include DENTURE DESIGN. The framework usually consists of metal.
A numerical rating scale for classifying the periodontal status of a person or population with a single figure which takes into consideration prevalence as well as severity of the condition. It is based upon probe measurement of periodontal pockets and on gingival tissue status.
Photographic techniques used in ORTHODONTICS; DENTAL ESTHETICS; and patient education.
An alloy used in restorative dentistry that contains mercury, silver, tin, copper, and possibly zinc.
Small metal or ceramic attachments used to fasten an arch wire. These attachments are soldered or welded to an orthodontic band or cemented directly onto the teeth. Bowles brackets, edgewise brackets, multiphase brackets, ribbon arch brackets, twin-wire brackets, and universal brackets are all types of orthodontic brackets.
A polymer obtained by reacting polyacrylic acid with a special anion-leachable glass (alumino-silicate). The resulting cement is more durable and tougher than others in that the materials comprising the polymer backbone do not leach out.
Inflammation of gum tissue (GINGIVA) without loss of connective tissue.
A white powder prepared from lime that has many medical and industrial uses. It is in many dental formulations, especially for root canal filling.
Skills, techniques, standards, and principles used to improve the art and symmetry of the teeth and face to improve the appearance as well as the function of the teeth, mouth, and face. (From Boucher's Clinical Dental Terminology, 4th ed, p108)
Restorations of metal, porcelain, or plastic made to fit a cavity preparation, then cemented into the tooth. Onlays are restorations which fit into cavity preparations and overlay the occlusal surface of a tooth or teeth. Onlays are retained by frictional or mechanical factors.
Preparation of TOOTH surfaces and DENTAL MATERIALS with etching agents, usually phosphoric acid, to roughen the surface to increase adhesion or osteointegration.
Fixed or removable devices that join teeth together. They are used to repair teeth that are mobile as a result of PERIODONTITIS.
Coagulated exudate isolated from several species of the tropical tree Palaquium (Sapotaceae). It is the trans-isomer of natural rubber and is used as a filling and impression material in dentistry and orthopedics and as an insulator in electronics. It has also been used as a rubber substitute.
Substances that inhibit or arrest DENTAL CARIES formation. (Boucher's Clinical Dental Terminology, 4th ed)
Tissue surrounding the apex of a tooth, including the apical portion of the periodontal membrane and alveolar bone.
Agents used to occlude dental enamel pits and fissures in the prevention of dental caries.
Cements that act through infiltration and polymerization within the dentinal matrix and are used for dental restoration. They can be adhesive resins themselves, adhesion-promoting monomers, or polymerization initiators that act in concert with other agents to form a dentin-bonding system.
The formation of dentin. Dentin first appears in the layer between the ameloblasts and odontoblasts and becomes calcified immediately. Formation progresses from the tip of the papilla over its slope to form a calcified cap becoming thicker by the apposition of new layers pulpward. A layer of uncalcified dentin intervenes between the calcified tissue and the odontoblast and its processes. (From Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992)
The phase of orthodontics concerned with the correction of malocclusion with proper appliances and prevention of its sequelae (Jablonski's Illus. Dictionary of Dentistry).
Orthodontic movement in the coronal direction achieved by outward tension on the PERIODONTAL LIGAMENT. It does not include the operative procedure that CROWN LENGTHENING involves.
A mixture of metallic elements or compounds with other metallic or metalloid elements in varying proportions for use in restorative or prosthetic dentistry.
A dental specialty concerned with the maintenance of the dental pulp in a state of health and the treatment of the pulp cavity (pulp chamber and pulp canal).
The planning, calculation, and creation of an apparatus for the purpose of correcting the placement or straightening of teeth.
An abnormal extension of a gingival sulcus accompanied by the apical migration of the epithelial attachment and bone resorption.
Dental procedure in which part of the pulp chamber is removed from the crown of a tooth.
A type of porcelain used in dental restorations, either jacket crowns or inlays, artificial teeth, or metal-ceramic crowns. It is essentially a mixture of particles of feldspar and quartz, the feldspar melting first and providing a glass matrix for the quartz. Dental porcelain is produced by mixing ceramic powder (a mixture of quartz, kaolin, pigments, opacifiers, a suitable flux, and other substances) with distilled water. (From Jablonski's Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992)
A disorder characterized by grinding and clenching of the teeth.
Resorption or wasting of the tooth-supporting bone (ALVEOLAR PROCESS) in the MAXILLA or MANDIBLE.
A rapid, low-dose, digital imaging system using a small intraoral sensor instead of radiographic film, an intensifying screen, and a charge-coupled device. It presents the possibility of reduced patient exposure and minimal distortion, although resolution and latitude are inferior to standard dental radiography. A receiver is placed in the mouth, routing signals to a computer which images the signals on a screen or in print. It includes digitizing from x-ray film or any other detector. (From MEDLINE abstracts; personal communication from Dr. Charles Berthold, NIDR)
A commonly used prosthesis that results in a strong, permanent restoration. It consists of an electrolytically etched cast-metal retainer that is cemented (bonded), using resins, to adjacent teeth whose enamel was previously acid-treated (acid-etched). This type of bridgework is sometimes referred to as a Maryland bridge.
The generic term for salts derived from silica or the silicic acids. They contain silicon, oxygen, and one or more metals, and may contain hydrogen. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th Ed)
Radiographic techniques used in dentistry.
Remains, impressions, or traces of animals or plants of past geological times which have been preserved in the earth's crust.
A prosthesis or restoration placed for a limited period, from several days to several months, which is designed to seal the tooth and maintain its position until a permanent restoration (DENTAL RESTORATION, PERMANENT) will replace it. (From Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992)
Characteristics or attributes of the outer boundaries of objects, including molecules.
Natural teeth or teeth roots used as anchorage for a fixed or removable denture or other prosthesis (such as an implant) serving the same purpose.
Polymeric resins derived from OXIRANES and characterized by strength and thermosetting properties. Epoxy resins are often used as dental materials.
The degree of approximation or fit of filling material or dental prosthetic to the tooth surface. A close marginal adaptation and seal at the interface is important for successful dental restorations.
A chronic endemic form of hypoplasia of the dental enamel caused by drinking water with a high fluorine content during the time of tooth formation, and characterized by defective calcification that gives a white chalky appearance to the enamel, which gradually undergoes brown discoloration. (Jablonski's Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p286)
An appliance used as an artificial or prosthetic replacement for missing teeth and adjacent tissues. It does not include CROWNS; DENTAL ABUTMENTS; nor TOOTH, ARTIFICIAL.
Inorganic derivatives of phosphoric acid (H3PO4). Note that organic derivatives of phosphoric acids are listed under ORGANOPHOSPHATES.
Dentin formed by normal pulp after completion of root end formation.
Dentifrices that are formulated into a paste form. They typically contain abrasives, HUMECTANTS; DETERGENTS; FLAVORING AGENTS; and CARIOSTATIC AGENTS.
It is used as an oxidizing and bleaching agent and as a disinfectant. (From Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)
Inorganic compounds that contain calcium as an integral part of the molecule.
Inflammation and loss of connective tissues supporting or surrounding the teeth. This may involve any part of the PERIODONTIUM. Periodontitis is currently classified by disease progression (CHRONIC PERIODONTITIS; AGGRESSIVE PERIODONTITIS) instead of age of onset. (From 1999 International Workshop for a Classification of Periodontal Diseases and Conditions, American Academy of Periodontology)
An abnormal passage in the oral cavity on the gingiva.
Microscopy in which the object is examined directly by an electron beam scanning the specimen point-by-point. The image is constructed by detecting the products of specimen interactions that are projected above the plane of the sample, such as backscattered electrons. Although SCANNING TRANSMISSION ELECTRON MICROSCOPY also scans the specimen point by point with the electron beam, the image is constructed by detecting the electrons, or their interaction products that are transmitted through the sample plane, so that is a form of TRANSMISSION ELECTRON MICROSCOPY.
The reaction product of bisphenol A and glycidyl methacrylate that undergoes polymerization when exposed to ultraviolet light or mixed with a catalyst. It is used as a bond implant material and as the resin component of dental sealants and composite restorative materials.
General name for two extinct orders of reptiles from the Mesozoic era: Saurischia and Ornithischia.
A class of statistical methods applicable to a large set of probability distributions used to test for correlation, location, independence, etc. In most nonparametric statistical tests, the original scores or observations are replaced by another variable containing less information. An important class of nonparametric tests employs the ordinal properties of the data. Another class of tests uses information about whether an observation is above or below some fixed value such as the median, and a third class is based on the frequency of the occurrence of runs in the data. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed, p1284; Corsini, Concise Encyclopedia of Psychology, 1987, p764-5)
Hand-held tools or implements especially used by dental professionals for the performance of clinical tasks.
The total of dental diagnostic, preventive, and restorative services provided to meet the needs of a patient (from Illustrated Dictionary of Dentistry, 1982).
Diagnostic tests conducted in order to measure the increment of active DENTAL CARIES over a period of time.
Loss or destruction of periodontal tissue caused by periodontitis or other destructive periodontal diseases or by injury during instrumentation. Attachment refers to the periodontal ligament which attaches to the alveolar bone. It has been hypothesized that treatment of the underlying periodontal disease and the seeding of periodontal ligament cells enable the creating of new attachment.
Fluorides, usually in pastes or gels, used for topical application to reduce the incidence of DENTAL CARIES.
Stainless steel. A steel containing Ni, Cr, or both. It does not tarnish on exposure and is used in corrosive environments. (Grant & Hack's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)
A clinically and genetically heterogeneous group of hereditary conditions characterized by malformed DENTAL ENAMEL, usually involving DENTAL ENAMEL HYPOPLASIA and/or TOOTH HYPOMINERALIZATION.
A dental specialty concerned with the prevention and correction of dental and oral anomalies (malocclusion).
A purely physical condition which exists within any material because of strain or deformation by external forces or by non-uniform thermal expansion; expressed quantitatively in units of force per unit area.
The result of pathological changes in the hard tissue of a tooth caused by carious lesions, mechanical factors, or trauma, which render the pulp susceptible to bacterial invasion from the external environment.
Endodontic procedure performed to induce TOOTH APEX barrier development. ROOT CANAL FILLING MATERIALS are used to repair open apex or DENTAL PULP NECROSIS in an immature tooth. CALCIUM HYDROXIDE and mineral trioxide aggregate are commonly used as the filling materials.
A mixed tumor of odontogenic origin, in which both the epithelial and mesenchymal cells exhibit complete differentiation, resulting in the formation of tooth structures. (Jablonski, Illustrated Dictionary of Dentistry, 1982)
Any preparations used for cleansing teeth; they usually contain an abrasive, detergent, binder and flavoring agent and may exist in the form of liquid, paste or powder; may also contain medicaments and caries preventives.
Biocompatible materials placed into (endosseous) or onto (subperiosteal) the jawbone to support a crown, bridge, or artificial tooth, or to stabilize a diseased tooth.
Occlusal wear of the surfaces of restorations and surface wear of dentures.
Used as a dental cement this is mainly zinc oxide (with strengtheners and accelerators) and eugenol. (Boucher's Clinical Dental Terminology, 4th ed, p50)
The property of dental enamel to permit passage of light, heat, gases, liquids, metabolites, mineral ions and other substances. It does not include the penetration of the dental enamel by microorganisms.
The internal resistance of a material to moving some parts of it parallel to a fixed plane, in contrast to stretching (TENSILE STRENGTH) or compression (COMPRESSIVE STRENGTH). Ionic crystals are brittle because, when subjected to shear, ions of the same charge are brought next to each other, which causes repulsion.
X-RAY COMPUTERIZED TOMOGRAPHY with resolution in the micrometer range.
The susceptibility of the DENTAL ENAMEL to dissolution.
Application of a protective agent to an exposed pulp (direct capping) or the remaining thin layer of dentin over a nearly exposed pulp (indirect capping) in order to allow the pulp to recover and maintain its normal vitality and function.
Investigations conducted on the physical health of teeth involving use of a tool that transmits hot or cold electric currents on a tooth's surface that can determine problems with that tooth based on reactions to the currents.
A prosthesis that gains its support, stability, and retention from a substructure that is implanted under the soft tissues of the basal seat of the device and is in contact with bone. (From Boucher's Clinical Dental Terminology, 4th ed)
A ectodysplasin receptor subtype that is specific for ECTODYSPLASIN A1. It signals via the specific signaling adaptor EDAR-ASSOCIATED DEATH DOMAIN PROTEIN. Loss of function of the edar receptor is associated with AUTOSOMAL RECESSIVE ANHIDROTIC ECTODERMAL DYSPLASIA and ECTODERMAL DYSPLASIA 3, ANHIDROTIC.
Inorganic salts of hydrofluoric acid, HF, in which the fluorine atom is in the -1 oxidation state. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed) Sodium and stannous salts are commonly used in dentifrices.
The middle germ layer of an embryo derived from three paired mesenchymal aggregates along the neural tube.
The predisposition to tooth decay (DENTAL CARIES).
A polysaccharide-producing species of STREPTOCOCCUS isolated from human dental plaque.
A denture replacing all natural teeth and associated structures in both the maxilla and mandible.
The complement of teeth in the jaws after the eruption of some of the permanent teeth but before all the deciduous teeth are absent. (Boucher's Clinical Dental Terminology, 4th ed)
Acrylic acids or acrylates which are substituted in the C-2 position with a methyl group.
Excision of the apical portion of a tooth through an opening made in the overlying labial, buccal, or palatal alveolar bone. (Dorland, 28th ed)
A fluid occurring in minute amounts in the gingival crevice, believed by some authorities to be an inflammatory exudate and by others to cleanse material from the crevice, containing sticky plasma proteins which improve adhesions of the epithelial attachment, have antimicrobial properties, and exert antibody activity. (From Jablonski, Illustrated Dictionary of Dentistry, 1982)
Members of the TNF receptor family that are specific for ECTODYSPLASIN. At least two subtypes of the ectodysplasin receptor exist, each being specific for a ectodysplasin isoform. Signaling through ectodysplasin receptors plays an essential role in the normal ectodermal development. Genetic defects that result in loss of ectodysplasin receptor function results ECTODERMAL DYSPLASIA.
The mechanical property of material that determines its resistance to force. HARDNESS TESTS measure this property.
Acute or chronic inflammation of tissues surrounding the apical portion of a tooth, associated with the collection of pus, resulting from infection following pulp infection through a carious lesion or as a result of an injury causing pulp necrosis. (Dorland, 27th ed)
Coloring, shading, or tinting of prosthetic components, devices, and materials.
Practice of adding fluoride to water for the purpose of preventing tooth decay and cavities.
Endodontic diseases of the DENTAL PULP inside the tooth, which is distinguished from PERIAPICAL DISEASES of the tissue surrounding the root.
The clear, viscous fluid secreted by the SALIVARY GLANDS and mucous glands of the mouth. It contains MUCINS, water, organic salts, and ptylin.
The flowing of blood from the marginal gingival area, particularly the sulcus, seen in such conditions as GINGIVITIS, marginal PERIODONTITIS, injury, and ASCORBIC ACID DEFICIENCY.
Scientific study of human skeletal remains with the express purpose of identification. This includes establishing individual identity, trauma analysis, facial reconstruction, photographic superimposition, determination of time interval since death, and crime-scene recovery. Forensic anthropologists do not certify cause of death but provide data to assist in determination of probable cause. This is a branch of the field of physical anthropology and qualified individuals are certified by the American Board of Forensic Anthropology. (From Am J Forensic Med Pathol 1992 Jun;13(2):146)
A statistical technique that isolates and assesses the contributions of categorical independent variables to variation in the mean of a continuous dependent variable.

Developmental expression patterns of Bcl-2, Bcl-x, Bax, and Bak in teeth. (1/1158)

The ontogenic profile of expression of four members of the Bcl-2 family (Bcl-2, Bcl-x, Bax and Bak) was examined in the mouse by immunohistochemistry using paraffin sections. All four members were expressed in changing patterns during critical stages of tooth morphogenesis. Expression was detected in epithelial cell populations including the dental lamina, internal dental epithelium (IDE; differentiating ameloblasts), stratum intermedium and stellate reticulum cells, as well as in the condensed dental mesenchyme. The temporo-spatial localization of the various members of the Bcl-2 family in dental epithelium and mesenchyme showed striking overlapping areas but often their expression patterns differed. In general, contemporaneous co-expression of the Bcl-2 and Bax proteins, and of the Bcl-x and Bak proteins was noted in various types of cells during the developmental process, with the intensity of Bcl-2>Bax and of Bak>Bcl-x. Expression was pronounced at sites where interaction between surface ectoderm and induced mesenchyme takes place, and at the enamel knot, which is regarded as organization/regulating center for tooth development. Around birth, after the structural maturation was accomplished, the expression was down-regulated. The absence of elevated expression of each of these four members of the Bcl-2 family after birth in the teeth suggests that these proteins are relevant during the accomplishment of the basic architecture but not once the structure of the tooth is established.  (+info)

Australopithecus garhi: a new species of early hominid from Ethiopia. (2/1158)

The lack of an adequate hominid fossil record in eastern Africa between 2 and 3 million years ago (Ma) has hampered investigations of early hominid phylogeny. Discovery of 2.5 Ma hominid cranial and dental remains from the Hata beds of Ethiopia's Middle Awash allows recognition of a new species of Australopithecus. This species is descended from Australopithecus afarensis and is a candidate ancestor for early Homo. Contemporary postcranial remains feature a derived humanlike humeral/femoral ratio and an apelike upper arm-to-lower arm ratio.  (+info)

Clinical trial of three 10% carbamide peroxide bleaching products. (3/1158)

BACKGROUND: A profusion of commercial bleaching systems exists on the market today, but there are few clinical comparisons of these systems. METHODS: In this study, three different commercial 10% carbamide peroxide bleaching systems were used by 24 patients in an overnight protocol for two weeks. Each patient used two of the bleaching products simultaneously in a side-by-side comparison. RESULTS: The mean onset of tooth whitening was 2.4 +/- 1.7 days. Tooth sensitivity was the most frequent side effect, as 64% of the patients reported tooth sensitivity occurring after 4.8 +/- 4.1 days and lasting for 5.0 +/- 3.8 days. Although intrapatient differences were recorded for the three commercial 10% carbamide peroxide bleaching systems by the patients, there were no statistical differences in the time of onset of subjective tooth whitening and the onset, frequency and duration of tooth sensitivity among the three commercial bleaching systems when compared pairwise or independently (p < 0.05). CONCLUSION: Selection of which bleaching product to use should be based on the concentration of the active ingredient, the viscosity of the product and other marketing features. Further research is needed to investigate the causes of tooth sensitivity and methods to reduce its severity and frequency.  (+info)

Blastogenic response of human lymphocytes to oral bacterial antigens: comparison of individuals with periodontal disease to normal and edentulous subjects. (4/1158)

Cell-mediated immunity in humans to antigens derived from oral plaque bacteria was investigated by using the lymphocyte blastogenesis assay. Subjects with varying severities of periodontal disease including normal, gingivitis, periodontitis, and edentulous were compared. Mononuclear leukocytes were separated from peripheral blood and cultured with antigens prepared by sonication of Actinomyces viscosus (AV), Actinomyces naeslundii (AN), Veillonella alcalescens (VA), Leptotrichia buccalis (LB), Bacteroides melaninogenicus (BM), and homologous dental plaque (DP). The lymphocyte response of subjects with gingivitis or periodontitis was significantly greater than that of normal subjects to antigens of AV, AN, and DP, but did not differ from the response of edentulous subjects. Periodontitis subjects were significantly more reactive than edentulous and normal subjects in response to VA, LB, and BM. These findings suggest that the tested gram-negative bacteria and the host response they evoke are associated with advanced periodontal destruction.  (+info)

Immunohistological distributions of fibronectin, tenascin, type I, III and IV collagens, and laminin during tooth development and degeneration in fetuses of minke whale, Balaenoptera acutorostrata. (5/1158)

The immunohistological distributions of fibronectin, tenascin, type I, III and IV collagens, and laminin were observed in the tooth buds of fetuses of minke whale, Balaenoptera acutorostrata. Distributions of extracellular matrices (ECMs) examined in this study except for tenascin were generally similar to those of terrestrial mammalian species during development of the tooth bud. Tenascin in the fetuses of minke whale showed characteristic distributions in the dental lamina and the enamel organ in the early tooth developmental stage. In the physiological degeneration stage of tooth bud development, immunoreactivity of the ECMs were very weakly and limitedly detected in the dental papilla and the surrounding mesenchyme. Immunoreactivity of tenascin and type I and III collagens were positively detected in the developing baleen plate germ which was associated with the degenerating tooth bud. These findings suggested that expressions of the ECMs were related to the formation of the tooth bud and baleen plate germ, and that the lack of the ECMs was related to the degeneration of the tooth bud in the fetal minke whale.  (+info)

Cbfa1 is required for epithelial-mesenchymal interactions regulating tooth development in mice. (6/1158)

Osteoblasts and odontoblasts, cells that are responsible for the formation of bone and dentin matrices respectively, share several molecular characteristics. Recently, Cbfa1 was shown to be a critical transcriptional regulator of osteoblast differentiation. Mutations in this gene cause cleidocranial dysplasia (CCD), an autosomal dominant disorder in humans and mice characterized by defective bone formation. CCD also results in dental defects that include supernumerary teeth and delayed eruption of permanent dentition. The dental abnormalities in CCD suggest an important role for this molecule in the formation of dentition. Here we describe results of studies aimed at understanding the functions of Cbfa1 in tooth formation. RT-PCR and in situ hybridization analyses show that Cbfa1 has a unique expression pattern in dental mesenchyme from the bud to early bell stages during active epithelial morphogenesis. Unlike that observed in osteoblast differentiation, Cbfa1 is downregulated in fully differentiated odontoblasts and is surprisingly expressed in ectodermally derived ameloblasts during the maturation phase of enamel formation. The role of Cbfa1 in tooth morphogenesis is further illustrated by the misshapen and severely hypoplastic tooth organs in Cbfa1-/- mice. These tooth organs lacked overt odontoblast and ameloblast differentiation and normal dentin and enamel matrices. Epithelial-mesenchymal recombinants demonstrate that dental epithelium regulates mesenchymal Cbfa1 expression during the bud and cap stages and that these effects are mimicked by the FGFs but not by the BMPs as shown by our bead implantation assays. We propose that Cbfa1 regulates the expression of molecules in mesenchyme that act reciprocally on dental epithelium to control its growth and differentiation. Taken together, our data indicate a non-redundant role for Cbfa1 in tooth development that may be distinct from that in bone formation. In odontogenesis, Cbfa1 is not involved in the early signaling networks regulating tooth initiation and early morphogenesis but regulates key epithelial-mesenchymal interactions that control advancing morphogenesis and histodifferentiation of the epithelial enamel organ.  (+info)

An mtDNA analysis in ancient Basque populations: implications for haplogroup V as a marker for a major paleolithic expansion from southwestern europe. (7/1158)

mtDNA sequence variation was studied in 121 dental samples from four Basque prehistoric sites, by high-resolution RFLP analysis. The results of this study are corroborated by (1) parallel analysis of 92 bone samples, (2) the use of controls during extraction and amplification, and (3) typing by both positive and negative restriction of the linked sites that characterize each haplogroup. The absence of haplogroup V in the prehistoric samples analyzed conflicts with the hypothesis proposed by Torroni et al., in which haplogroup V is considered as an mtDNA marker for a major Paleolithic population expansion from southwestern Europe, occurring approximately 10,000-15,000 years before the present (YBP). Our samples from the Basque Country provide a valuable tool for checking the previous hypothesis, which is based on genetic data from present-day populations. In light of the available data, the most realistic scenario to explain the origin and distribution of haplogroup V suggests that the mutation defining that haplogroup (4577 NlaIII) appeared at a time when the effective population size was small enough to allow genetic drift to act-and that such drift is responsible for the heterogeneity observed in Basques, with regard to the frequency of haplogroup V (0%-20%). This is compatible with the attributed date for the origin of that mutation (10,000-15, 000 YBP), because during the postglacial period (the Mesolithic, approximately 11,000 YBP) there was a major demographic change in the Basque Country, which minimized the effect of genetic drift. This interpretation does not rely on migratory movements to explain the distribution of haplogroup V in present-day Indo-European populations.  (+info)

Expression of Wnt signalling pathway genes during tooth development. (8/1158)

We have carried out comparative in situ hybridisation analysis of six Wnt genes Wnts-3, -4, -5a, -6, -7b, and 10b together with Wnt receptor MFz6 and receptor agonist/antagonists MFrzb1 and Mfrp2 during murine odontogenesis from the earliest formation of the epithelial thickening to the early bell stage. Expression of Wnt-4, Wnt-6, and one Wnt receptor MFz6 was observed in the facial, oral and dental epithelium. Wnt10b was localised specifically to the presumptive dental epithelium. Wnts-3 and -7b were expressed in oral epithelium but showed no expression in the presumptive dental epithelium. Wnt-3 also showed no expression in the epithelial cells of the molar bud stage tooth germs, but showed restricted expression in the enamel knots which are signalling centres believed to be involved in regulating tooth shape. Wnts -6, -10b and MFz6 were also detected in the primary and secondary enamel knots. Wnt-5a and agonist/antagonists MFrzb1 and Mfrp2 were expressed in a graded proximo-distal (P-D) manner in mesenchymal cells during the early stages of tooth development with no overlying expression in the oral or dental epithelium. Wnt-5a and MFrzb1 show strong expression in the dental papilla mesenchyme.  (+info)

A Japanese group, led by cell biologist Takashi Tsuji of Tokyo University of Science in Noda, Chiba Prefecture, focused on tooth germs, the embryonic tissues that develop into teeth. After obtaining such germs from mouse embryos, they separated out two types of cells-epithelial cells and mesenchymal cells-and then recombined them into a new bioengineered tooth germ. The team then grew the bioengineered germs in a special culture for 5 to 7 days and transplanted them into the upper jaws of adult mice in the place of an extracted molar. New teeth poked through the gums after about 36 days and reached the proper size and alignment with opposing teeth for proper chewing after 49 days.. All indications are that the teeth function just like the real thing. They have the roots, inner pulp, and outer enamel of normal teeth and are just as hard, the team reports. Moreover, unlike dental implants, the regenerated teeth develop the periodontal ligaments that tie normal teeth to the supporting bone and the ...
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Throughout your life, you will have two sets of teeth: primary (baby) teeth and secondary (permanent) teeth. At age 6-8 months, the primary teeth appear; all 20 are in place by age 3.. Permanent teeth will begin to grow around age 6, and except for wisdom teeth, are all present between ages 12 and 14. The next teeth to grow in are the 12-year molars and finally the wisdom teeth. Wisdom teeth typically begin breaking through from age 17 and on. The total number of permanent teeth is 32, though few people have room for all 32 teeth. This is why wisdom teeth are usually removed.. Your front teeth are called incisors. The sharp fang-like teeth are canines. The next side teeth are referred to as pre-molars or bicuspids, and the back teeth are molars. Your permanent teeth are the ones you keep for life, so it is vital that they are brushed and flossed regularly and that periodic check-ups by a dentist are followed. ...
Throughout your life, you will have two sets of teeth: primary (baby) teeth and secondary (permanent) teeth. At age 6-8 months, the primary teeth appear; all 20 are in place by age 3.. Permanent teeth will begin to grow around age 6, and except for wisdom teeth, are all present between ages 12 and 14. The next teeth to grow in are the 12-year molars and finally the wisdom teeth. Wisdom teeth typically begin breaking through from age 17 and on. The total number of permanent teeth is 32, though few people have room for all 32 teeth. This is why wisdom teeth are usually removed.. Your front teeth are called incisors. The sharp fang-like teeth are canines. The next side teeth are referred to as pre-molars or bicuspids, and the back teeth are molars. Your permanent teeth are the ones you keep for life, so it is vital that they are brushed and flossed regularly and that periodic check-ups by a dentist are followed. ...
Throughout your life, you will have two sets of teeth: primary (baby) teeth and secondary (permanent) teeth. At age 6-8 months, the primary teeth appear; all 20 are in place by age 3. Permanent teeth will begin to grow around age 6, and except for wisdom teeth, are all present between ages 12 and 14. The next teeth to grow in are the 12-year molars and finally the wisdom teeth. Wisdom teeth typically begin breaking through from age 17 and on. The total number of permanent teeth is 32, though few people have room for all 32 teeth. This is why wisdom teeth are usually removed.. Your front teeth are called incisors. The sharp fang-like teeth are canines. The next side teeth are referred to as pre-molars or bicuspids, and the back teeth are molars. Your permanent teeth are the ones you keep for life, so it is vital that they are brushed and flossed regularly and that periodic check-ups by a dentist are followed.. ...
Tooth development or odontogenesis is the complex process by which tooth form from embryonic cells,grow, and erupt into the mouth. For human teeth to have a healthy oral environment, all parts of the tooth must develop during appropriate stages of fetal development. Primary (baby) teeth start to form between the sixth and eighth week of prenatal development, and permanent teeth begin to form in the twentieth week. If teeth do not start to develop at or near these times, they will not develop at all, resulting in Hypodontia or Anodontia.. Tooth development is commonly divided into the following stages: the initiation stage, the bud stage, the cap stage, the bell stage, and finally maturation.. Initiation Stage. One of the earliest signs in the formation of a tooth that can be seen microscopically is the distinction between the vestibular lamina and the dental lamina. The dental lamina connects the developing tooth bud to the epithelial layer of the mouth for a significant time. This is regarded ...
It can be hard to determine what teeth are baby teeth and which ones are permanent. Your babys first tooth makes its grand debut around 6 months of age, and by two to three years old, all 20 baby teeth should have erupted in their mouth. Six years old is when you can expect your children to lose their first baby teeth and have permanent teeth peek through. Keep the tooth fairy on standby; this process of permanent teeth replacing baby teeth will continue until your child is 12 or 13.As your child gets older, it can be hard to tell the difference between baby teeth and permanent teeth. Having teeth of both types is called a mixed dentition. The |a href=http://www.mouthhealthy.org/en/az-topics/e/eruption-charts target=_blank rel=noopener noreferrer>|strong>American Dental Associations|/strong>|/a> tooth eruption chart is a good guide that helps parents know approximately when their childs baby teeth will appear, when theyll shed them and when their adult teeth will come in. The chart helps you
Baby teeth hold space in the jaw for the adult teeth. If a baby tooth is lost too early, the teeth beside it may drift into the empty space. When its time for the adult teeth to come in, there may not be enough room for them. This may cause adult teeth to be crowded and crooked. Crooked teeth may be hard to keep clean.. If a baby tooth is lost too early, the teeth beside it may drift into the empty space.. If a childs baby teeth are healthy, it is more likely his adult teeth will be healthy too. Children who have decay in their baby teeth are more likely to have decay in their adult teeth.. Decayed and crooked teeth also can affect your childs self-esteem. Tooth decay is not only unhealthy, it also looks bad. If your child has tooth decay he may feel bad about his smile. On the other hand, a nice-looking smile can give your child confidence at school.. ...
We have studied the expression patterns of the newly isolated homeobox gene, Hox-8 by in situ hybridisation to sections of the developing heads of mouse embryos between E9 and E17.5, and compared them to Hox-7 expression patterns in adjacent sections. This paper concentrates on the interesting expression patterns of Hox-8 during initiation and development of the molar and incisor teeth. Hox-8 expression domains are present in the neural crest-derived mesenchyme beneath sites of future tooth formation, in a proximo-distal gradient. Tooth development is initiated in the oral epithelium which subsequently thickens in discrete sites and invaginates to form the dental lamina. Hox-8 expression in mouse oral epithelium is first evident at the sites of the dental placodes, suggesting a role in the specification of tooth position. Subsequently, in molar teeth, this patch of Hox-8 expressing epithelium becomes incorporated within the buccal aspect of the invaginating dental lamina to form part of the ...
Teeth are for life time and should not get loose even at 59 years of age. If gums are healthy, then teeth will not get loose even at advanced age. Teeth can get loose due to trauma to tooth or because of deposits in relation to teeth or can get loose because of some systemic conditions like diabetes. If teeth are mobile because of gum infection, then dental cleaning can be done to make teeth firm. Gum surgeries may also be required. Patient should maintain good oral hygiene in this condition and should brush and floss his teeth regularly to avoid deposits on teeth which can further lead to teeth loosening. If teeth are loose because of trauma, then splinting or capping can be given to the patient. If there is root infection present in relation to loose tooth, then root canal therapy will also be done. If systemic condition is reason for loosening of tooth, then systemic condition should be brought under control. If teeth are very loose, then you can get the teeth pulled out. If teeth are pulled ...
Optional tuning gear for the E10. A lower tooth count on the pinion gear will give you more acceleration, while a higher tooth count will give you extra top speed. Have a selection of pinion gears available so you can tune the speed of your car as desired!. Note: not compatible with 48-pitch and 64-pitch spur gears. A full selection of 0.6M pinion gears are available to tune the gearing of your E10 for any track type: #88020 PINION GEAR 20 TOOTH (0.6M) #88021 PINION GEAR 21 TOOTH (0.6M) #88023 PINION GEAR 23 TOOTH (0.6M) #88024 PINION GEAR 24 TOOTH (0.6M) #88025 PINION GEAR 25 TOOTH (0.6M) #88026 PINION GEAR 26 TOOTH (0.6M) #88027 PINION GEAR 27 TOOTH (0.6M) #88028 PINION GEAR 28 TOOTH (0.6M) #88029 PINION GEAR 29 TOOTH (0.6M) #88030 PINION GEAR 30 TOOTH (0.6M) #88031 PINION GEAR 31 TOOTH (0.6M) #88032 PINION GEAR 32 TOOTH (0.6M) #88033 PINION GEAR 33 TOOTH (0.6M) #88034 PINION GEAR 34 TOOTH (0.6M) #88035 PINION GEAR 35 TOOTH (0.6M). ...
Optional tuning gear for the E10. A lower tooth count on the pinion gear will give you more acceleration, while a higher tooth count will give you extra top speed. Have a selection of pinion gears available so you can tune the speed of your car as desired!. Note: not compatible with 48-pitch and 64-pitch spur gears. A full selection of 0.6M pinion gears are available to tune the gearing of your E10 for any track type: #88020 PINION GEAR 20 TOOTH (0.6M) #88021 PINION GEAR 21 TOOTH (0.6M) #88023 PINION GEAR 23 TOOTH (0.6M) #88024 PINION GEAR 24 TOOTH (0.6M) #88025 PINION GEAR 25 TOOTH (0.6M) #88026 PINION GEAR 26 TOOTH (0.6M) #88027 PINION GEAR 27 TOOTH (0.6M) #88028 PINION GEAR 28 TOOTH (0.6M) #88029 PINION GEAR 29 TOOTH (0.6M) #88030 PINION GEAR 30 TOOTH (0.6M) #88031 PINION GEAR 31 TOOTH (0.6M) #88032 PINION GEAR 32 TOOTH (0.6M) #88033 PINION GEAR 33 TOOTH (0.6M) #88034 PINION GEAR 34 TOOTH (0.6M) #88035 PINION GEAR 35 TOOTH (0.6M). ...
To fully understand the purpose of a root canal treatment, it helps to get a good grasp of the tooths anatomy. The first layer of the tooth, known as the enamel, encases another layer called the dentin, which contains soft tissues called the pulp. The tooth pulp comprises the nerves, blood vessels and connective tissues, and plays an important role during the eruption in developing the surrounding hard layers of the tooth.. The tooth pulp runs from the tooth crown to the tip of the root. It is important while the tooth is still growing. However, after the tooth fully forms, it can survive independent of the pulp.. A person will need a root canal treatment if the pulp chamber of the tooth becomes infected or inflamed. This may be due to severe tooth decay, tooth cracking and other forms of tooth damages. Without treatment, pulp infection can cause severe pain or cause a tooth abscess, which often necessitates tooth extraction.. There are visible signs that a person needs to undergo root canal ...
Many people who have teeth grinding remain unaware of it until additional health problems arise. Teeth grinding, also known as Bruxism is the grinding, clenching, or gnashing of the teeth, whether awake or sleeping. Those who grind their teeth while sleeping usually dont know that they do.. Bruxism is a problem because teeth grinding causes tooth enamel to wear down. Your teeth should only come into contact when youre chewing or swallowing. When tooth enamel wears down, the inner part of your tooth becomes exposed. Additional dental problems can occur because these delicate parts of your tooth are no longer protected by the enamel.. Some common symptoms of Teeth Grinding include:. · Jaw pain. · Sore facial muscles. · Waking up with a headache. · Tight jaw muscles. · Trouble opening your mouth wide. · Broken dental fillings. · Damage to the teeth. If youre worried that you might have Bruxism, you can ask a dentist to check. To determine whether or not you suffer from teeth grinding, ...
Invisible aligners are the perfect choice for correcting crooked teeth. Disproportions in the arrangement of the teeth give an unpleasant look. Any kind of abnormalities in the alignment of the teeth makes difficult in cleaning, brushing or flossing the mouth. Unclean teeth cause many serious problems such as gum infection, tooth decay, tooth loss, chewing problems, etc. By rectifying your teeth with invisible aligners, you can easily avoid all such devastating tooth problems. These are modern new age aligners which are transparent and can correct a series of tooth problems such as cross bites, under bites, overbites, irregularities of teeth, spacious teeth s, overlapping teeth s, protruding teeth s, crowded teeth and so on ...
Losing a tooth is a big moment for any child. As a parent, you want to be able to make those moments memorable. When do kids lose their teeth? According to the Mayo Clinic, children begin to lose their baby or primary teeth around the age of six and may continue to lose their teeth up to the age of 13. While this range will vary from child to child, girls tend to lose their teeth sooner than boys. The following are some tips to help you and your child prepare for the first loss of a baby tooth.. Start the Conversation Early. A common question from many children is, Why is my tooth falling out? Baby teeth loosen as their roots begin to dissolve. The time it takes for one tooth to fall out after it has become loose is generally a few months. As the adult tooth begins to grow, the baby tooth becomes increasingly looser. Teeth tend to fall out in the same order in which they came in. The bottom two front teeth generally fall out first followed by the top two front teeth. Try to keep the ...
The present invention relates to a recording medium a method and an apparatus for generating virtual teeth and recording media storing a program performing the method. According to an embodiment of the present invention, a method for generating virtual teeth includes (a) acquiring a tooth image having three-dimensional information from teeth including a damaged tooth; (b) determining an image of a virtual tooth to be inserted into a position of the damaged tooth in a tooth image library having predetermined three-dimensional information and inserting the determined virtual tooth image into the acquired tooth image; and (c) modifying the virtual tooth image by considering tooth images positioned at upper and lower sides or right and left sides of the virtual tooth image. According to the embodiment of the present invention, it is possible to produce a prosthesis most suitable for the state of patients teeth only once and an operator can minimize post-processing of the produced prosthesis. Further,
Here we have used previously described methods to bioengineer teeth from human dental stem cells (hDSC). We we were able to demonstrate that dissociated hDSC-seeded polymer constructs can form bioengineered teeth that are morphologically similar to natural human teeth at both gross and microscopic levels. We anticipate that further modifications of this approach will eventually result in reliable methods to bioengineer replacement teeth in humans.
1 - The enamel and dentin are thinner in baby teeth, and the pulp is bigger relative to the rest of the tooth. This means that if your child gets a cavity, it will travel much faster to the nerve of the tooth. This is one more reason why its important to take your child to the dentist before they turn one year old and get routine checkups thereafter.. Not sure what enamel, dentin, and pulp are? Read my previous article about the anatomy of a tooth.. 2 - Permanent teeth are more yellow than baby teeth. Take a quick look at the picture above and youll see that the six permanent teeth that are visible dont look nearly as white as the other baby teeth.. 3 - Baby teeth have shorter roots - because of this they arent anchored as well into the bone and may fall out more easily if your child falls on a hard step or hits their mouth on the coffee table. The shorter roots also give the permanent teeth more room to develop underneath the baby teeth and make it easier to dissolve the roots of the baby ...
Tooth agenesis is one of predominant developmental anomalies in humans, usually affecting the permanent dentition generated by sequential tooth formation, and in most cases caused by mutations perturbing epithelial Wnt/β-catenin signaling. Also loss-of-function mutations in the Wnt feedback inhibitor AXIN2 lead to human tooth agenesis. We investigated the functions of Wnt/β-catenin signaling during sequential formation of molar teeth using mouse models. Continuous initiation of new teeth, observed after genetic activation of Wnt/β-catenin signaling in the oral epithelium, was accompanied by enhanced expression of Wnt antagonists and a downregulation of Wnt/β-catenin signaling in the dental mesenchyme. Genetic and pharmacological activation of mesenchymal Wnt/β-catenin signaling negatively regulated sequential tooth formation, an effect partly mediated by Bmp4. Runx2, a gene whose loss-of-function mutations result in sequential formation of supernumerary teeth in the human cleidocranial ...
You learned a lot of natural ways to help whiten teeth, but one thing you shouldnt forget is one of the best steps always to take is brushing your teeth well. Many people think that all you need to do is spend about a minute or two brushing your teeth, but it goes a lot deeper than this. There are many rules that you should apply to your practice. First, you should brush your teeth two to three times a day. You should also ensure you brush at least two minutes each time, but some say its better to go three minutes if you want to whiten your teeth. You will also need to be sure to brush every tooths surface, brush your gums gently or avoid brushing them at all, make circular motions when cleaning, and be sure to reach the teeth at the back of the mouth. Sources:. 7 Simple Ways to Naturally Whiten Your Teeth at Home. Becky Bell, Healthline. December 2019. Home remedies to get rid of yellow teeth. Lana Burgess, Healthline. March 2018. 10 Incredible Ways to Naturally Whiten Teeth. Signature ...
1. Feathered Friend Toothie Pillow, 2. Tooth Fairy pillow, 3. tooth fairy pillow, 4. tooth officer, 5. tooth beary backside, 6. tooth pillow, 7. Tooth Fairy Pillow- open pocket, 8. tooth fairy pillow for diego - front, 9. tooth fairy pillow, 10. Blue Tooth Fairy Pillow, 11. Tooth Buddy Tooth Pillows, 12. Custom Ordered ToothFairy Pillow, 13. toothpillow2, 14. Tooth Fairy Pillow, 15. tooth fairy pillow. This mosaic may be a bit overwhelming, so I want to bring your attention to a few things:. ...
Although your teeth feel as if theyre rigidly set in the jawbone, theyre actually capable of movement. In fact, dynamic tooth movement is an essential mechanism in good dental function - it allows your teeth to adapt to changes brought on by age and other factors.. The periodontal ligament is a key component in this mechanism. This elastic tissue actually holds the teeth to the bone through tiny fibers that attach to the tooth root on one side of the ligament and to the jawbone on the other. The teeth move within the ligament to maintain contact with both adjacent and opposing teeth in response to changes like the normal wear that occurs due to aging.. This is a primary reason why a missing tooth should be replaced by an artificial one as soon as possible. Because of the tendency just described, teeth next to the space left by the missing tooth will begin to move (or drift) into the space at an accelerated rate. The end result is teeth out of their normal position and range, which could ...
1. State the objective and introduce the lesson on brushing and flossing. 2. Define Cavity 3. Define Plaque as buildup on our teeth. 4. Many people think being unhealthy means being overweight, having an illness...not as having unhealthy teeth. Teeth are a very important part of your body. Your teeth are designed to last you a lifetime, with proper care they can! 5. Basic care of teeth includes brushing your teeth daily, at least twice a day, and after meals if possible. Brushing your teeth helps to remove bacteria and plaque from your teeth, gums, and mouth. 6. Flossing is just as important as brushing. Flossing cleans and removes food particles which become lodged in between your teeth. It also removes plaque build up. You should be sure to floss between each tooth and dont skip around. Dont floss all your teeth, only the ones you want to keep. 7. Does anyone know what Fluoride is? Fluoride has been identified as the most important factor in preventing tooth decay. Fluoride in the water ...
Whatever the reason, many folks are turned away from the idea of braces. They pin their hopes on the imagined chance that their childrens teeth will gradually and naturally straight out.. Is there any basis for this reasoning?. Normal Tooth Spacing is Age-Dependent. As the adult take over the places baby teeth once rested in, things get a little messy!. Permanent teeth grow in as the jaw expands. Some adult teeth come in before the baby teeth are out of the way. All of this change leads to some overlapping and big gaps.. For instance, the bottom front teeth often erupt towards the tongue. This can be a little alarming, but these teeth actually should straighten out on their own.. If most teeth can naturally even out, at what point are braces necessary?. Early Ortho Evaluations Save Smiles!. Its a good idea for kids to visit an orthodontist by around the age of 7. This is a great time for the dentist to see how tooth development is progressing and anticipate how severe problems can be. At this ...
More than 5 million teeth are knocked out in the United States every year. If you find yourself or your child in this situation, dont panic. With the proper steps taken the tooth can be saved and as good as new in a few hours.. The first step you should take if your tooth is knocked-out is to retrieve the tooth by the crown, the part that is exposed above the gums in the mouth. Try not to touch any attached tissue that is normally below the gums. Rinse the tooth if necessary, but do not use soap, scrub, or dry the tooth. If possible try to put the tooth back in the socket, but never force it. If the tooth wont rest comfortably in the socket then placing the tooth between your cheek and gums is the next best option. Another option is to place the tooth in a glass of milk. It is important that the tooth stays moist, although water is not a good option. No matter the case it is important to see your dentist at Dental365 as soon as possible. Teeth that have been knocked out have a higher chance of ...
Use This Advice To Get Your Teeth Whiter. Having a healthy-looking, brilliant smile can take years off of your appearance. Because of wear and tear, the aging process, and lifestyle choices that we make can all take a toll on the color of our teeth. Many Americans have opted to select one of the many options available for teeth whitening.. No matter how many times you bleach your teeth, your crowns will not whiten. If you have crowns and you use a teeth whitening kit, you may find that your natural teeth will get whiter but your crowns are going to stay the same color that they were before you tried this.. There are two types of stains on your teeth. The first is localized, meaning the stain might cover part of a tooth or a whole tooth. The second type is generalized staining which means that the stains are over parts of several teeth, or all of your teeth for that matter. If you have localized staining you should choose a cleaning system that may be targeted.. Do not start a home teeth ...
15 years ago when I was 8, I lost one of my front teeth in an accident. As a result, my other front tooth moved over and is now smack dab in the middle. My other front teeth moved with it; for the most part, my top teeth are straight. I cannot get over the fact that I have one front tooth. There is no longer a gap, but since my two front teeth were longer than the rest of my teeth, my now one front tooth hangs lower and it makes me extremely self conscious. My question is: Are there veneers that can cover my front tooth (teeth) that can make it appear as though I have 2 front teeth? Or would I need a crown? Any information would be much appreciated. I feel like Im the only person in the world with 1 front tooth who doesnt have a gap and has a straight smile. Thank you in advance ...
Crooked teeth affect not only your smile but also your dental health. This is because crooked teeth make dental cleaning difficult and hence increase your risk of tooth cavities and gum disease. Even a single crooked tooth throws your entire smile off balance.. There is a range of cosmetic dentistry options your dentist might recommend for straightening crooked teeth. In children, pediatric dentists might suggest that they reach a certain age before undergoing treatment. But the ideal choice depends on the severity of the problem and your desired results. Here are some of the most efficient dental options for crooked teeth.. Teeth Bonding. In this cosmetic dental procedure, a tooth-colored resin applied to your teeth reshapes them. Tooth bonding also lightens stained teeth and closes minor gaps. This minimally invasive procedure involves no anesthesia, and needles can be completed in a single visit. Tooth bonding is the ideal solution for slightly crooked teeth.. Porcelain Veneers. These are the ...
The answer of this qs is very long for you.A dead tooth often becomes dark or turns black because of the rotting material inside. There may be no symptoms at all and someone can walk around with a dead tooth for years before becoming aware of it.. The dead tooth often becomes obvious when something else happens that runs the patient`s immune system down, such as a bad cold, pneumonia or a severe viral infection.A dead tooth can be caused by tooth decay, trauma, deep dental fillings, gum disease, or in some cases, tumors. Once a tooth dies it will never return to life again. The contents of the tooth liquefy and putrefy and seriously endanger the owner`s health.You should go see a dentist to check if your tooth really is dead and seek treatment for it.There are only two treatment options for a dead tooth, tooth extraction or root canal therapy. There are no good other choices! Of course, you could keep the dead tooth in your head but remember that the brain is only about three inches away.A dead ...
You might be familiar with filings. If so, tooth bonding might not be as foreign as you might think. Tooth bonding uses a tooth-colored resin to fill in the tooth areas, creating a more desirable look. Bonding can fill cracks, chips, smooth roughness, close small gaps between teeth, change shape, and fix discolorations.. Tooth bonding can be used in areas, including the front teeth, where it is highly noticeable when smiling. However, if tooth bonding is in the front teeth, patients will want to avoid biting into food that could compromise the structure of the bonding material. On average, you can expect dental bonding to last up to 8 years without issues.. A significant difference between tooth bonding and other cosmetic services, like veneers, is that your dentist will do almost all the work when it comes to shaping. Dr. Fenton will focus intently on shaping the resin, making sure it blends in with the rest of the tooth or closely matches the other teeth.. While tooth bonding can be used for a ...
Most childrens permanent teeth erupt on a fairly predictable schedule. Sometimes, though, one or more teeth might not develop as they should - or at all.. These absent teeth pose functional problems for chewing and hygiene, which can affect long-term dental health. But they can also have a disruptive effect on an otherwise attractive smile if the missing teeth are the upper lateral incisors in the most visible part of the smile.. You normally find this pair of teeth on either side of the upper central incisors (the two front-most teeth). On the other side of the lateral incisors are the canine or eye teeth, known for their pointed appearance. Without the lateral incisors, the canines tend to drift into the space next to the central incisors. This can produce an odd appearance even a layperson will notice: only four teeth where there should be six!. Its possible to correct this abnormality, but it will take time and expense. The first step is usually to move the teeth in the upper jaw with ...
A tooth thats been chipped doesnt mean its no longer healthy. The same, unfortunately, cant be said about the attractiveness of your smile, especially if its one of your front teeth. A chipped tooth can be quite noticeable and make you self-conscious.. The good news is a chipped tooth can be restored cosmetically to look just as normal and attractive as your other teeth. Depending on the application there are two different materials we commonly use: porcelains, a type of oven-fired ceramic most often found in veneers or crowns; or composite resins, a mixture of glass and plastic substances we apply in liquid form that hardens in built-up layers on the tooths surface to ultimately resemble normal tooth shape and color.. So, which of these two materials is the best option for your tooth? That depends on the extent and location of the tooth damage. Composite resins are most often used for mild to moderate chipping or breaks in the enamel (and somewhat for the underlying dentin) or decayed ...
Perhaps you have noticed some people have whiter teeth than others, and while this is partially genetic its also due to the thickness of the tooth enamel. A thicker layer of tooth enamel will prevent more of the natural colour of the tooth from shining through. The natural shade of your teeth is contained in the dentine layer just underneath the enamel. Younger people are more likely to have a thicker layer of enamel, and this not only gives them whiter teeth, but also helps prevent damage to the dentine. Anyone who is interested in teeth whitening in London may also be interested in how they can help lessen damage to the tooth enamel. So exactly why does tooth enamel become thinner, and what can be done to at least help lessen this effect?. Demineralisation Damages Tooth Enamel. Demineralisation is something that takes place every day, as it occurs every time we eat or drink something, especially foods containing carbohydrates and sugars. This is because they are the perfect food for plaque ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Cell cycle of the enamel knot during tooth morphogenesis. AU - Jung, Seo Yoon. AU - Green, David William. AU - Jung, Han Sung. AU - Kim, Eun Jung. N1 - Funding Information: Acknowledgements We are grateful to Chengri Li for helping experiments. This study was supported by the Yonsei University College of Dentistry (6-2016-0021).. PY - 2018/6/1. Y1 - 2018/6/1. N2 - Enamel knot (EK) is known to be a central organ in tooth development, especially for cusp patterning. To trace the exact position and movement among the inner dental epithelium (IDE) and EK cells, and to monitor the relationship between the EK and cusp patterning, it is essential that we understand the cell cycle status of the EK in early stages of tooth development. In this study, thymidine analogous (IdU, BrdU) staining was used to evaluate the cell cycle phase of the primary EK at the early casp stage (E13.0) and the gerbil embryo (E19) in a developing mouse embryo. The centerpiece of this study was to describe the ...
Do you need a tooth replacement? A tooth replacement allows you to maintain a healthy set of teeth with a similar look and feel to your natural teeth. If you need a tooth replacement, schedule an appointment today!
Teeth crowding is a difficult bite problem (malocclusion) that often involves the entire jaw structure to be evaluated. Normally occurring when the jaw doesnt have adequate space for normal tooth eruption, teeth coming in later put pressure on other teeth, causing them to develop improperly.. Crowding also makes it difficult to realign teeth with braces because theres simply not enough room for sufficient movement to take place. The solution may then be to consider the removal of some of the teeth to create enough space for orthodontic treatment.. Not just any tooth can be removed, however - we must first conduct a careful analysis to determine which can be removed to facilitate optimum movement of the remaining teeth without disrupting normal mouth function or affecting appearance. The teeth most frequently removed for this purpose are the bicuspids, located between the cuspids or eyeteeth (which are positioned directly under the eyes) and the molars, the largest teeth in the back of the ...
A system and method for modeling of complete tooth, including root and crown, of a patient to facilitate orthodontic treatment are provided, wherein generic tooth modeling is combined with tooth crown modeling for a patient to yield complete tooth modeling. A generic tooth 3D model for a particular tooth is morphed with a 3D model of a patients crown for the corresponding tooth to yield a complete 3D model for that tooth. Modeling techniques can be conducted with computer-based systems, such as systems configured for storing patient data and generic tooth data, morphing such data and/or facilitating additional orthodontic treatment applications, through the use of one or more algorithms. Adjustment of the complete tooth model for the tooth can be provided through additional patient information, such as X-ray imaging, to address variations in root shape between a generic root and an actual root shape for a patient.
Importance of deciduous teeth. Your childs baby or deciduous it is important to save in order to maintain the space for their adult teeth. Although baby teeth will be lost gradually until children turn 12, they are important to maintain the arch integrity and to guide the eruption of the permanent successors. Baby teeth help to keep all of the teeth in alignment so that the permanent tooth will grow in the correct position. If they are removed, teeth will often shift, leading to crowding and future need for braces. The innermost part of the tooth is called pulp, protected by strong outer layers namely enamel and dentine. It contains nerves as well as the blood vessels which keep it alive and healthy. A deep cavity in your childs baby tooth may go into the pulp of the tooth which is still alive thus causing a lot of discomfort and pain to the child.. In this case, a pulpotomy is recommended to save the tooth by preventing nerve and root death. During this pulpotomy procedure only the part ...
So, when the teeth you have specified the need to spit then should go to the specialist for consultation and if possible should do the same Implant and tooth 1 time will save a lot of time, cost and benefit oral health, and appearance. Also, if you do not have the Implant conditions immediately after extraction, you should discuss with your doctor the doctor and dentist about tooth Implant bone teeth to drive conservation can later implantology are favorable.. Things to note more is not the tooth may have just recently put the tooth Implant in 1 time. The teeth have from 3 feet or over or have 2 legs but the foot too to the bone regeneration time to wait 3 months before conducting dental implants Implant. It is a large mortar in maxillary teeth 4 (2 on each side), the teeth of large mandibular tooth if the mortar is too big, or there are many foot (3 feet instead of 2 legs).. In MY COMPLETE DENTISTRY: DOCTOR RUN + DOCTOR, we have a new generation, OSADA PIEZO use tooth not to overuse injury, ...
Posted on 05/18/2013 2:08:28 PM PDT by LibWhacker. An international team of scientists led by Prof Cheng-Ming Chuong from the University of Southern California has discovered unique cellular and molecular mechanisms behind tooth renewal in American alligators (Alligator mississippiensis).. Their findings, published in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, pave the way for tooth regeneration in people. Humans naturally only have two sets of teeth baby teeth and adult teeth. Ultimately, we want to identify stem cells that can be used as a resource to stimulate tooth renewal in adult humans who have lost teeth. But, to do that, we must first understand how they renew in other animals and why they stop in people, Prof Chuong said. Whereas most vertebrates can replace teeth throughout their lives, human teeth are naturally replaced only once, despite the lingering presence of a band of epithelial tissue called the dental lamina, which is crucial to tooth development. Because alligators ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Glycosphingolipids regulate ameloblastin expression in dental epithelial cells. AU - Kamasaki, Y.. AU - Nakamura, T.. AU - Yoshizaki, Keigo. AU - Iwamoto, T.. AU - Yamada, A.. AU - Fukumoto, E.. AU - Maruya, Y.. AU - Iwabuchi, K.. AU - Furukawa, K.. AU - Fujiwara, T.. AU - Fukumoto, Satoshi. PY - 2012/1/1. Y1 - 2012/1/1. N2 - Neurotrophin 4 (NT-4) and its receptors regulate the differentiation of ameloblasts in tooth development. Gangliosides, sialic acids that contain glycosphingolipids (GSLs), are involved in a variety of membrane-associated cell physiological functions such as ligand-receptor signal transmission. However, the expression patterns and functions of GSLs during tooth development remain unclear. In this study, we identified strong expressions of GM3 and LacCer in dental epithelium, which give rise to differentiation into enamel-secreting ameloblasts. Exogenous GM3 and LacCer in dental epithelial cells induced the expression of ameloblastin (Ambn), while it was also ...
You were born without any teeth. So was I. So is everybody.. Do you know when your first tooth popped out? The first tooth, usually the lower front tooth, appears at the age of 6-8 months. Though it could be a little later or earlier. Some rare times, babies are born with teeth already in their mouth. These are called Natal teeth. Were you a natal teeth baby?. By the time you were three, you probably had all you milk teeth - 20 teeth in all. 10 in upper jaw (maxilla) and 10 in lower jaw (mandible). Milk teeth are the first set of teeth that grow in our mouth, and they are not permanent. They are also called deciduous teeth, primary teeth or fall teeth since they eventually fall.. There comes a day, when while munching on a firm fruit you realize your tooth is wobbly. You are around six years old and your milk teeth start falling out. They give way to stronger permanent teeth that are going to stay with you for life. Over the years, 32 Permanent teeth adjust themselves in our mouth. 16 are ...
So, how do babys teeth grow ? The baby teeth actually starts growing during the 6th week in the mothers uterus. These baby teeth growth starts with the Bell shape tooth germ. This Bell shape structure seen is actually the enamel organ, which will eventually grow into a baby teeth. As you can see the enamel organ or tooth germ contains numerous cells. These cells will continue to grow and differentiate into different and more advance cells to form the tooth. The outer and inner enamel organ eventually forms the outer casing of the tooth called the enamel layer. Where else the dental papilla cells will form the inner section of the tooth known as the pulp chamber. The permanent tooth bud will continue to grow into the permanent teeth after the baby tooth eruption is completed in the mouth.. ...
Tooth enamel formation. Coloured scanning electron micrograph (SEM) of a freeze-fractured section through a tooth, showing the enamel-forming cell layer (green). This epithelium comprises a single layer of columnar cells called ameloblasts. The fracture plane passes up into the tooth from the enamel surface (orange, bottom left). The ameloblast layer has detached from the enamel in which it is normally embedded. Enamel is a hard ceramic layer that covers and protects the teeth. The other end of the ameloblasts originate in the internal tooth tissue (brown, across top). Magnification unknown. - Stock Image P486/0080
Some people call them plates. Complete dentures rest directly on the gum that covers the bone. Related Tags: get rid pain teeth whiteners what foods keep teeth healthy no stitches after wisdom teeth extraction do you do grinding teeth acrylic teeth guard different names of teeth teething how many teeth does a shark lose over its lifetime my teeth killing me aces aces teeth time period. Dog Teeth Cleaning Bad Breath Your Brush Kindergarten Worksheet treating a Gummy Smile Depends on its Cause. The instructions are easy to read for us and for the patients. The package of the new LUMIBRITE Home Whitening Kits are beautiful. What If I Have Tetracycline Staining? teeth whitening products australia imports exports in japan. We sell/sold identical teeth whitener (Opalescence Nupro Gold Nite White Day White Perfecta and Acrhomasia.) strengths (15% Carbamide Peroxide) and tooth whitening dentist sell. Watch homemade teeth whitening videos and then jump to the homepage to watch the funniest and most ...
I have a tooth that looks horrible. It looks like it belongs in somethings mouth, not in a persons mouth. The tooth is thin and pointy and the shape and color are even different from my other teeth. The tooth is on the left side but if I smile even slightly wide people notice it. I have heard a few thoughtless people joke about it. I want to do something about it now that I have better dental insurance. Can this tooth be pulled and replaced with a dental implant? Ivy. Ivy - If your tooth is healthy and structurally sound, it doesnt need to be replaced with a dental implant. Dental implants replace missing teeth or teeth that cannot otherwise be saved, but nothing is as effective as keeping your natural teeth.. A prosthodontist can examine your tooth and let your know the options for improving its appearance and making it blend perfectly with your natural teeth. This is the time to consider if you want to improve your overall smile by having your teeth whitened. If so, your teeth should be ...
It is prominent to close your gap because a tooth gap can cause tooth misalignment. A large tooth gap between the front teeth could leave insufficient room for the ones next to the front teeth. This may cause tooth displacement and problems with the bite. Someone else suspect is self-consciousness. Some people may feel embarrassed, and reluctant to smile with parted lips.. Gapped front teeth in the upper jaw close by themselves in many cases. Generally, a babys teeth start to erupt between six and nine months. At this early age, the front teeth could be gapped and the maxillary labial fraenum attached low to the gum. By the time the child reaches its first birthday, the fraenum has probably shortened, and the eruption of more teeth has complete any gaps. If the adult front teeth are gapped, the eruption of molars helps to crowd the front teeth together. About one in 10 children have gapped adult front teeth that dont close by themselves.. Luckily, there is a straightforward explication to ...
Cavities are small holes that slowly develop in the teeth because of tooth decay.. Tooth decay usually happens slowly over a period of months or years. Acids made by plaque eat away at the hard (mineral) part of the tooth. Sometimes the tooth can use minerals in saliva to rebuild itself. A cavity forms when the damage caused by acids is more than the tooth can repair.. Mild tooth decay may be helped by effective tooth-brushing and flossing, as well as daily rinsing with fluoride mouth care products. More serious tooth decay that has caused cavities may require fillings to stop the decay and prevent further damage to the teeth.. Infants who are put to bed with a bottle or who are allowed to suck on a bottle with any sugar-containing substance (such as juice) for a long time may develop cavities, especially in the upper front teeth. This condition is called baby bottle tooth decay. Children who have cavities in several teeth (usually the upper front teeth) may have trouble chewing hard foods and ...
Looking for online definition of tooth buds in the Medical Dictionary? tooth buds explanation free. What is tooth buds? Meaning of tooth buds medical term. What does tooth buds mean?
First, remain calm. If your child has knocked a tooth out, find the tooth, trying to avoid touching the root of the tooth. If it is a baby tooth, DO NOT place it back in the mouth, but visit the dentist to ensure no other trauma has occurred (placing a baby tooth back in can cause long-term damage to the permanent tooth bud). If a permanent tooth is knocked out, rinse with cool water only (not scrubbing) and gently try to reinsert it into the socket where the tooth was. If that is not possible for whatever reason, place the tooth in a glass of cold milk and visit the pediatric dentist immediately (the faster you act the better chances of saving the tooth). If your childs tooth was not knocked out, it is still important to visit the pediatric dentist to fully assess all injuries, including providing antibiotics where necessary. Any fractured pieces of teeth should also be saved and brought to the office. If your child experienced a blow to the head or jaw, he/she needs immediate medical ...
When Should You Go For Root Canal Therapy. Lets know about the scenarios which make it essential to pick for this teeth saving treatment.. Rot Begins Troubling The Tooth Pulp. The soft middle of your tooth or the pulp constitutes nerves and sensitive arteries, which may endure slow decay. In reality, the more your tooth has cavities the higher are its opportunities to change the pulp. At the worst, improper control of pulp ailment could compel one to lose your teeth. Preserving proper dental hygiene like routine tooth cleaning and flossing could not be ineffective in this respect. But youre determined to keep your tooth, and if the state has not gone corrigible, Root Canal Therapy is probably the last resort.. Abscessed Tooth. This debilitating illness lasts largely, or between the gingiva and the tooth at the root of the tooth. It originates in the interior chamber or the pulp chamber of the tooth. As an indicator of the abscess, the tooth enables the pulp chamber to be occupied by the ...
When we are growing up we get two sets of teeth. Your baby teeth that start to grow in sometime around the age of 6-9 months, and your adult teeth. The adult teeth will start to come in around the age of 6-years, and will stay with you for the rest of your life if you take good care of them. In the past, even as long ago as just 100-years, it was very common for people to lose some of their adult teeth. This was before we had toothpaste and tooth brush, or good dental care.. Because of these missing teeth the human body tried to help us out by growing wisdom teeth. These teeth are additional molars that start to grow in any time between the ages of 17-24 depending on the person. With better dental health that has come about in the last 100-years or so, most adults dont have to worry about any missing teeth until they are well into their 20s or 30s and so wisdom teeth can sometimes be more of a problem than a help.. Not everyone will get wisdom teeth.. Some people do not develop wisdom ...
7 ways to get white teeth beaming at a glance white teeth and thus a charming smile everybody wants. Most people, however, suffer from yellow teeth, which can have different reasons such as coffee, some medications, or the natural aging process. The stains are only superficial, the removal represents no big problem. Different toothpastes and an annual professional tooth cleaning help to distribute external tooth stains. But what if they are stuck dyes in the teeth? You should consider causes and types of tooth discoloration before rashly undergoing a dental aesthetic treatment or access to any remedy, how the tooth stains are formed. For tooth discoloration there are many reasons, here the most common causes: stimulants such as coffee, tea, tobacco and food colouring other strong medicines such as antibiotics, for example, accidents in which a tooth to hurt comes Ageing process intensifies the natural tooth shade most contaminants are located only on the tooth surface and can be removed by a ...
At Doha Dental we perform procedures such as a root canal in Doha Qatar for patients who have damaged teeth and tooth roots. If tooth decay has reached a level where the pulp of the tooth has been damaged, root canal therapy is the best way to save it from the need for extraction. A root canal helps to fix the damaged pulp inside a tooth and then clean it before capping it off for protection.. Symptoms that a root canal is needed are inflamed and red gums, tooth pain, infection or infection that leads to abscess. The pulp is the living tissue that keeps a tooth alive, and it can become inflamed or infected for various reasons. There are many different causes of infection, but usually it is a result of tooth decay. Sometimes repetitive dental procedures or tooth damage can also harm the tooth and cause the need for a root canal in Doha Qatar. Cracks, chips and fractures can all contribute to damaged pulp inside a tooth. Gum disease can also be a culprit. Inside the tooth, the pulp that is damaged ...
The Anatomy of a Tooth This illustration shows the anatomy of a tooth and gums as well as the supporting structures that surround a tooth. GLOSSARY OF TERMS: Blood vesselscarry nutrients to the tooth.Bonealveolar bone forms the tooth socket and provides it with support.Cementumthe layer of hard bone-like tissue covering the root of the tooth.Cemento-enamel junctionthe line where the enamel and cementum meet.Dentinthe hard yellow tissue underlying the enamel and cementum, making up the main bulk of the tooth.Enamelthe hard, white outer layer of the tooth.Gingivathe gum tissue surrounding the tooth.Ligamentthe connective tissue that surrounds the tooth and connects it to bone.Nervesrelay signals such as pain to and from your brain.Pulplocated in the center of the tooth, it contains the arteries, veins and nerves.Root canalcanal in the root of the tooth where the nerves and blood vessels travel through.
The Anatomy of a Tooth This illustration shows the anatomy of a tooth and gums as well as the supporting structures that surround a tooth. GLOSSARY OF TERMS: Blood vesselscarry nutrients to the tooth.Bonealveolar bone forms the tooth socket and provides it with support.Cementumthe layer of hard bone-like tissue covering the root of the tooth.Cemento-enamel junctionthe line where the enamel and cementum meet.Dentinthe hard yellow tissue underlying the enamel and cementum, making up the main bulk of the tooth.Enamelthe hard, white outer layer of the tooth.Gingivathe gum tissue surrounding the tooth.Ligamentthe connective tissue that surrounds the tooth and connects it to bone.Nervesrelay signals such as pain to and from your brain.Pulplocated in the center of the tooth, it contains the arteries, veins and nerves.Root canalcanal in the root of the tooth where the nerves and blood vessels travel through.
The final emergence of permanent teeth in late adolescence marks the end of a long process beginning in the womb with the formation of our primary or baby teeth. Permanent teeth form in a similar way as buds high in the jaw, continuing to grow until the primary teeth ahead of them fall away. The crowns of the new adult teeth eventually break through the gum tissue and emerge (erupt) into view.. At least, thats normally what should happen; sometimes, though, a tooth may only erupt partially or not at all, a condition known as impaction. The crown remains partially or fully submerged below the gum line, causing the tooth to press against other teeth, potentially damaging them. It can also make periodontal (gum) tissues adjacent to the area more susceptible to disease. Wisdom teeth are especially prone to this kind of impaction, to the extent theyre often surgically removed (extracted) to avoid future problems to adjacent teeth or the bite.. Upper canines (the eye teeth normally located ...
Injuries and accidents. Trips, falls or sports injuries can cause the teeth to become damaged. If the teeth are not salvageable they will usually be extracted.. Periodontal disease. This condition refers to severe cases of gum disease. Periodontal disease affects the tooth sockets and tissue in the gum. This tissue is what holds the teeth in place. If it becomes damaged the teeth may become loose.. Overcrowding. The teeth are said to be crowded when there is not enough space in the mouth to accommodate them all in the correct position. Many people suffer from this problem. It is normally the result of having a smaller jaw than normal. It is also caused when people have lost their primary set of teeth at an earlier age than usual and so suffer from crowded teeth.. Wisdom teeth. Many people do not have enough room in their mouth for their wisdom teeth to develop properly and this can cause them problems. If this is found to be the case then the wisdom teeth will usually be removed.. Are there ...
Odontogenesis is governed by a complex network of intercellular signaling events between the dental epithelium and mesenchyme. This network leads to the progressive determination of tooth shape, and to the differentiation of these tissues into enamel-producing ameloblasts and dentin-producing odontoblasts respectively. Among the main signaling pathways involved in the regulation of tooth development, Bone Morphogenetic Protein (BMP), Sonic hedgehog (Shh) and Wingless-type MMTV integration site (Wnt) pathways have been reported to play significant roles. Recently, the phenotype of mice deficient in Epiprofin/Sp6 (Epfn) has been found to present striking dental abnormalities, including a complete lack of differentiated ameloblasts and consequently no enamel, highly altered molar cusp patterns and the formation of multiple supernumerary teeth. In this article, we review the interaction of Epfn with the BMP, Shh and Wnt pathways in the regulation of tooth development, based on the data obtained from the
There are a number of different reasons a tooth may need to be extracted (pulled). Some teeth are removed because they are severely decayed; others may have advanced periodontal disease, or have broken in a way that cannot be repaired. Other teeth may need to be extracted because they are poorly positioned in the mouth (such as impacted wisdom teeth), or in preparation for orthodontic treatment. In some cases, the tooth is simply not repairable, or may be decayed below the gum line, or has lost too much bone due to gum disease. Sometimes, its a matter of health in the case of infections, cysts, or wisdom teeth. And teeth are frequently removed to create the space necessary to allow for other teeth to grow.. Dr. Hooper is very skilled at teeth extractions but understand the removal of a single tooth can lead to problems related to your chewing ability, problems with your jaw joint, and shifting teeth, which can have a major impact on your dental health. So they will also discuss with you ...
When these teeth come through the gums during early adulthood, the other teeth are well-established in the gums and jaw. Since these teeth are well-established, having any extra teeth emerge so late in life may lead to unwanted movement of the teeth. Crowding is the most common spacing issue associated with wisdom teeth. It affects tooth placement as well as your comfort. Tooth movement contributes to a headache that is an issue that usually affects patients with wisdom teeth emerging. Having these teeth removed can improve the frequency of headaches since teeth no longer have pressure on them from the third molars.. ...
Tooth discoloration (also termed tooth staining) is abnormal tooth color, hue or translucency. External discoloration is accumulation of stains on the tooth surface. Internal discoloration is due to absorption of pigment particles into tooth structure. Sometimes there are several different co-existent factors responsible for discoloration. The appearance and perception of a tooth is the result of a complex interaction of factors such as lighting conditions, translucency, opacity, light scattering, gloss and the human eye and brain. Of these, the intrinsic pigmentation of a tooth is the most influential, which in turn is determined by genetic and natural factors. Light hitting a tooth undergoes reflection, absorption and transmission by varying degrees in each tissue layer of the tooth substance. Reflected light detected by the human eye determines the perceived appearance of a tooth. Teeth have a thin enamel layer on the outer surface. The enamel layer is whiter and semitransparent, and ...
Countless individuals grind their teeth, either in their sleep or as a habit. However, this may not just wear you down but also your enamel. Bruxism, the medical term for tooth grinding, affects one in every four dental patients and the figures are only rising. Dr. Barber at Alliance Family Dental in Fayetteville, NC would like you to be aware of the dangers of grinding your teeth.. Causes of Bruxism. The reasons why people grind their teeth are varied, with cases being brought on due to emotional stress as well as a physical reaction, to loss of sleep. Some people grind their teeth while they are unconscious and in the middle of sleep, while others do so throughout the day while they are awake.. Excessive teeth grinding can result in permanent enamel damage in the form of fractured teeth, teeth sensitivity and tooth decay. Other know consequences of teeth grinding include receding gums, premature tooth loss and inflammation of the gums.. Signs of Bruxism. Especially for people who do arent ...
Define primary tooth. primary tooth synonyms, primary tooth pronunciation, primary tooth translation, English dictionary definition of primary tooth. n. Any of the temporary first teeth of a young mammal. Also called baby tooth , deciduous tooth , milk tooth . Noun 1. primary tooth - one of the first...
Have you noticed a crooked tooth? Or a pain in a tooth? Or maybe sore gums? You may be ignoring these small issues in your mouth, but you shouldnt. This is actually your mouths way of telling you that something could be wrong. So what are your teeth telling you? Here are some of the most common dental complaints and what they mean.. Sharp tooth pain - If you experience a sharp, sudden pain in your tooth while biting down, you may have a cavity or some form of tooth decay. When holes get deep in your tooth, it will cause sensitivity. If the pain occurs only once, its probably nothing to worry about. But if it is consistent, definitely see your dentist.. Achy tooth pain - An achy pain may be nothing if it is only lasting a day or two, but pain that lasts for more than a week could be a sign that youre grinding or clenching teeth.. Yellow or stained teeth - Stained or yellow teeth are almost never a sign of serious dental concerns. Stains usually develop from foods or drinks that you are eating ...
The average adult has 32 teeth in their mouth; 16 in the upper jaw and 16 in the lower jaw. Wisdom teeth, or third molars, are teeth in the back of the mouth, and are often the last teeth to grow and develop in the mouth. Wisdom teeth can erupt in proper alignment, and with healthy gum tissue, your referring dentist may feel comfortable leaving the teeth intact. However, many times there is not enough room in the jaw to accommodate these teeth to erupt into the mouth with proper alignment. Often, when these teeth do erupt into the mouth, they are not in a position to allow for adequate hygiene, or they may cause mal-alignment of neighboring teeth. Poorly positioned wisdom teeth, along with oral bacteria, can promote bone loss, cyst formation, infection, and gum disease of adjacent teeth. ...
Reimplantation refers to the insertion and temporary fixation of a completely or partially avulsed (knocked out) tooth due to traumatic injury. There is no realistic way to prevent the avulsion of teeth as it usually occurs due to an accident. However, wearing a mouth guard during sports activities usually helps reduce risk.. The most common teeth to be knocked out are the upper front permanent teeth, although primary teeth can also be avulsed. Reimplantation of primary teeth is not usually performed as these teeth are naturally replaced by permanent teeth later in life.. The success of reimplantation depends on the amount of time the tooth is out of the socket. If reimplantation can be performed within one hour of the tooth being knocked out, success rates are much higher.. ...
Unlike most teeth, which erupt in childhood, wisdom teeth (also known as third molars) generally appear between the ages of 17 and 25. Linguists believe these teeth received the nickname of wisdom teeth because they appear later in life than other teeth - at an age when a person has matured into a young adult.. So why do we have wisdom teeth? Anthropologists point to our ancient ancestors for the explanation.. Ancient civilizations had very different diets than we do today. Instead of driving to the grocery store, our early ancestors hunted and gathered whatever food they came across in nature.. Snacking on raw foods such as leaves, roots, nuts, and meats was hard on their teeth! In those days, dental hygiene was poor, and tooth loss was common.. By the time a person had reached his or her 20s, it was not unusual to have lost a tooth or two to decay. Without enough teeth, ancient people would not have been able to chew the foods they found and risked starvation.. Anthropologists believe ...
Just as there are a number of ways to lighten or brighten teeth, there are also several different ways for teeth to become discolored. The main causes of darkened teeth are genetics, antibiotics, and certain foods, plus teeth tend to darken as we age. Internal tooth discoloration is caused by changes in the enamel of the tooth and the dentin. The main causes of internal tooth discoloration are exposure to high levels of fluoride, tetracycline, use of antibiotics as a child, developmental disorders, tooth decay, restorations, root canal issues, and trauma.External tooth discoloration is caused by factors outside the body, mainly foods and tobacco. The main causes of external tooth yellowing are smoking, foods with tannins, coffee, tea, carrots, oranges, and other foods.. ...
At our dental office, tooth extractions, or the removal of a tooth from the mouth, (called exodontia), is performed for a wide variety of reasons. The main causes for tooth extractions are: Sever tooth decay which deems the tooth to be un-repairable, or acute/ chronic alveolar abscess. Some other of causes are: extra teeth that block other teeth from coming in, preparation for orthodontic treatments like braces, teeth in the fracture line, or fractured teeth. Extractions of impacted or problematic wisdom teeth are also routinely performed depending varying on an as needed treatment.. ...
A primary tooth pulpotomy is sometimes called a baby tooth root canal. It is performed on baby teeth with extensive decay that has affected the nerve of the tooth. The affected part of the nerve and the blood supply of the tooth (also called the pulp) are removed and the remaining part of the pulp is treated with a medication. Following a pulpotomy, the tooth usually needs a stainless steel crown. The purpose of a pulpotomy is to save a decayed baby tooth, so that the tooth can hold the space for the permanent tooth to come in. An alternative to the pulpotomy is an extraction (tooth removal), followed by a space-maintainer.. ...
Dr. Richard Dailey may determine that you need a tooth extraction for any number of reasons. Some teeth are extracted because they are severely decayed; others may have advanced periodontal disease, or have broken in a way that cannot be repaired. Other teeth may need removal because they are poorly positioned in the mouth (such as impacted teeth), or in preparation for orthodontic treatment.. The removal of a single tooth can lead to problems related to your chewing ability, problems with your jaw joint, and shifting teeth, which can have a major impact on your dental health. To discuss tooth extractions, please feel free to contact us at 336-513-0576 to schedule an appointment.. To avoid these complications, in most cases, Dr. Richard Dailey will discuss alternatives to extractions as well replacement of the extracted tooth.. The Tooth Extraction Process. At the time of extraction Dr. Richard Dailey will need to numb your tooth, jawbone and gums that surround the area with a local ...
Tooth extractions are surgical procedures, which are commonplace in the world of dentistry and can be done in the offices of Making Orlando Smile - Cosmetic & Restorative Dentistry. Some tooth extractions may be of the simple nature where in the tooth has erupted from the gum. In cases like these, there is no invasive procedure needed. However, with teeth that are deep set, it may be necessary to cut into the gum and extract the tooth through there.. People who are most likely to be in need of tooth extractions have a large amount of damage on their teeth along with those who have impacted teeth. Impacted teeth are those which can erupt fully into the gum line and are mostly the wisdom teeth.. Before the procedure can be done, Dr. Maxine Moncrieffe will need to assess the situation in the patients mouth with the use of an x-ray along with a file on the patients dental history. In order to get the best method for extraction, the dentist will use the x-ray and determine the path to take. It may ...
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Pituitary adenylate cyclase activating polypeptide (PACAP) is a pleiotropic neuropeptide with widespread distribution. It plays pivotal role in neuronal development. PACAP-immunoreactive fibers have been found in the tooth pulp, and recently, it has been shown that PACAP may also play a role in the regeneration of the periodontium after luxation injuries. However, there is no data about the effect of endogenous PACAP on tooth development. Ectodermal organogenesis including tooth development is regulated by different members of bone morphogenetic protein (BMP), fibroblast growth factor (FGF), hedgehog (HH), and Wnt families. There is also a growing evidence to support the hypothesis that PACAP interacts with sonic hedgehog (SHH) receptor (PTCH1) and its downstream target (Gli1) suggesting its role in tooth development. Therefore, our aim was to study molar tooth development in mice lacking endogenous PACAP. In this study morphometric, immunohistochemical and structural comparison of molar teeth ...
Insulin-dependent type-1 diabetes mellitus (DM) and oral diseases are closely interrelated. Poor metabolic control in diabetics is associated with a high risk of gingivitis, periodontitis and tooth loss. Salivary flow declines in diabetics and patients suffer from xerostomia. Reduced saliva predisposes to enamel hypomineralization and caries formation; however, the mechanisms that initiate and lead to progression of tooth decay and periodontitis in type-1 DM have not been explored. To address this issue, we analyzed tooth morphology in Akita-/- mice that harbor a point mutation in the Ins2 insulin gene which leads to insulin deficiency and hyperglycemia. Objective: To characterize the tooth phenotype in Akita-/- mice and determine whether hyperglycemia and hyposalivation contribute to dental defects. Methods: Mandibles from Akita-/- and wild type littermates were analyzed by microCT, scanning EM and histology; teeth were examined for amelogenin and ameloblastin expression. Mice were injected ...
Ask any kid and theyll tell you just how valuable baby teeth really are-out of the mouth, of course, and under their pillow awaiting a transaction with the Tooth Fairy. But theres more to them than their value on the Fairy Exchange Market-they play a critical role in future dental health.. Primary teeth provide the same kind of dental function as their future replacements. Children weaned from nursing can now eat solid food. They provide contact points for the tongue as a child learns to speak. And they play a role socially, as children with a toothsome smile begin to look more like what they will become when theyre fully mature.. But primary teeth also serve as guides for the permanent teeth that will follow. As a future tooth develops below the gum line, the primary tooth preserves the space in which it will erupt. Otherwise, the space can be taken over by other teeth. This crowds out the intended tooth, which may erupt out of position or remain impacted below the gum line.. In either ...
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There are so many available items for teeth whitening which it helps make most peoples mind spin. There are as quite a few solutions as these folks are unique causes of tooth discoloration.. The truth of the make any difference is tooth at the time of time will naturally discolor. We are all born with naturally bright white tooth. Some folks are created with perfect teeth that have the perfect shape and color. Although other people through no fault of their own have modest crooked teeth that have uneven coloration.. There are many exterior components leading to tooth discoloration. As soon as we pin point the main reason for the difficulty it can be quite easy to come across a suitable product to keep our tooth bright white.. ,strong,Variables which discolor tooth: sturdy,. Cigarette smoking Coffee and tea Fizzy soft drinks Red Wine Spicy food - enjoy curries Medicine Enamel harm - is equipped with crash If you are a large coffee drinker and uncover the enamel have a distinguishing browny ...
In healthy teeth, the tooth is optimally protected by one of natures hardest substances, tooth enamel. This covers the tooth from the crown to the gum line. The adjoining cervix does not have any enamel on its own, but in the healthy state it is surrounded by the gingiva like a collar and in this way also well protected.. But if the gums go back, the sensitive tooth necks are exposed. Stimuli such as B. Hot or cold can now pass through fine dentinal tubules directly into the tooth nerve and thereby cause drawing pain.. The most common cause of regression of the gums is periodontal disease, an inflammation of interdental spaces and other parts of the periodontium. Even brushing your teeth can hurt, so that oral hygiene is quickly neglected. As a result, the inflammation can spread further and expose the tooth necks even more. As a disease of the dental bed, periodontitis is regarded as a major trigger of tooth loss. However, early detection and sustainable treatment prevent this loss.. In ...
The potential from dental pulp stem cells include developing nerve and brain tissue, repairing muscle, developing bone, developing bone and tissue from the oral cavity, reconstructing affected cardiac tissue, developing cartilage, and treating type 1 diabetes to name a few. In the past, researchers harvested stem cells taken from bone marrow to create cells of various organs, however years of research implies that dental stem cells extracted from a tooth pulp might build organ tissues more quickly. Of major relevance is that UK scientists have ascertained that stem cells derived from tooth pulp effectively prevent a leading cause of blindness caused by traumatic injuries or degenerative diseases as reported in a July 2014 study on Neural Regeneration Research (Vol. 9, No. 6, 2014), University Of Birmingham, UK ...
Chipping a tooth could be uncomfortable and embarrassing. Fortunately, there are a number of ways to fix a chipped tooth. We will recommend a solution based on your particular needs. Here are three options we may provide you:. 1. Dental Bonding. Bonding is a quick and easy solution for most small, cosmetic chips. In the bonding process, the remaining enamel on the tooth is first roughened in order for composite to better adhere to the tooths surface. Composite is then shaped to replace the chip and hardened with a dental curing light, instantly solidifying the material. Typically, bonding can last up to ten years with proper care.. 2. Porcelain Veneers. If the tooth was fully cracked or there was significant damage to the tooth, veneers may be recommended. Also, if you have chipped a tooth several times or wish to repair the tooths color, getting veneers may be the best option.. A veneer uses porcelain material that covers the front surface of your teeth, giving them a natural look while also ...
What kind of cracks can affect the teeth?. There are many ways in which a tooth can be cracked. The specific type of crack will determine what type of treatment is viable. In many cases, if the crack is not too deep, root canal therapy can be performed and the natural tooth can remain in the mouth. In other situations, the tooth is too badly damaged and requires extraction.. Here is a brief overview of some of the most common types of cracks:. Crazes - These are generally tiny vertical cracks that do not place the teeth in danger. These scratches on the surface of the teeth are considered by most dentists to be a normal part of the tooth anatomy. A craze rarely requires treatment for health reasons, but a wide variety of cosmetic treatments can be performed to reduce the negative aesthetic impact.. Oblique supragingival cracks - These cracks only affect the crown of the tooth and do not extend below the gum line. Usually, the affected part of the tooth will eventually break off. Little pain will ...
Dental implant treatment is safe as well as reliable offering new set of teeth in six to eight months. It is the highest quality treatment to restore missing or decayed teeth to the new form with old functions. There will be no more restriction in your diet, and you will be capable of chewing food properly. You would digest your food properly when you go for dental implants. Dentists use small titanium screws to place anew set of natural looking teeth on your jawbone. The titanium posts are not harmful to oral health, and they get fused to bone and make implanted teeth sturdy as well as reliable. Titanium posts provide great support to restored teeth, and you will not need to replace again. So, not only dental implant process saves money but also provides agreat smile, healthy teeth and makes your life full of fun ...
Although permanent teeth were meant to last a lifetime, there are a number of reasons why tooth extraction may be needed. A very common reason involves a tooth that is too badly damaged, from trauma or decay, to be repaired. Other reasons include:. A crowded mouth. Sometimes dentists pull teeth to prepare the mouth for orthodontia. The goal of orthodontia is to properly align the teeth, which may not be possible if your teeth are too big for your mouth. Likewise, if a tooth cannot break through the gum (erupt) because there is not room in the mouth for it, your dentist may recommend pulling it.. Infection. If tooth decay or damage extends to the pulp - the center of the tooth containing nerves and blood vessels - bacteria in the mouth can enter the pulp, leading to infection. Often this can be corrected with root canal therapy (RCT), but if the infection is so severe that antibiotics or RCT do not cure it, extraction may be needed to prevent the spread of infection.. Risk of infection. If your ...
What is the working of a crown on teeth?. The working is as simple as there is nothing complicated in crowns. Crown is installed on those teeth which are damaged or getting weak day by day. You can tell the dentist so that they can perform a check-up and get to find out the damage.. The crown is always placed on the top of the tooth so that it can give support beneath it. It helps in holding the teeth together, and also, in this way, your tooth will get filled up.. Contact a specialized dentist for the work. If you want to get a capping installed on your teeth, then it is essential to select the best dentist for your work. It is because installing a crown is not everyones cup of tea.. That is why finding the best dentist can be beneficial for you. You will get to have the best crowns on your teeth, which will be the best for the health of your teeth.. In a nutshell, it is concluded that dentists can perform various things in order to make your teeth healthy.. ...
Avoid using it in excess to whiten your teeth as it can damage the enamel on your teeth.. Occipital neuralgia symptoms are linked with the greater occipital nerve (GON) and appear on any segment of its anatomical course. I it isnt convenient to ush your teeth after every meal try chewing sugar-free gum to help keep your teeth clean. Wisdom teeth are third molars that usually appear between the ages of 17 and 24 (although Emergency Dental Clinic in Woodidge Virginia: Our modern facility is equipped with everything required for your emergency tooth extractionthe latest equipment a knowledgeable and experienced dentist as well as a competent and professional staff. Also we should use fluoride toothpaste for better results. You ush your teeth after every meal and you floss regularly. Some of the main causes of toothaches are cavities an infection an exposed tooth root a cracked tooth gum disease a loose filling or jaw Use of garlic can also give immense relief from toothache. Make augmentin paypal ...
The teeth usually erupt in the autumn of the deer's first year at approximately 6-7 months of age. By early spring the recently ... The water deer have developed long canine teeth which protrude from the upper jaw like the canines of musk deer. The canines ... It is uncertain how this unique sound is generated, although it is possibly by using its molar teeth. During the rut a buck ... In aggressive encounters, he thrusts his canines out and draws in his lower lip to pull his teeth closer together. He then ...
Tooth staining[edit]. Crest Pro-Health mouthwash contains Cetylpyridinium chloride which is known to cause tooth staining in ... "Does Crest Pro-Health Rinse stain teeth brown?". Crest. Archived from the original on 2016-03-06. Retrieved 2016-06-06. Tooth ... essentially an island city protected by an enormous wall of teeth), with their signature battle cry "We Make, Holes In Teeth!" ... "teeth whitening tips". Retrieved 2014-03-02.. {{,date=august 2019 ,bot=InternetArchiveBot ,fix-attempted=yes }} ...
Mouth and teeth[edit]. Main article: Dental terminology. Special terms are used to describe the mouth and teeth.[2] Fields such ... Rajkumar, K.; Ramya, R. (2017). Textbook of Oral Anatomy, Physiology, Histology and Tooth Morphology. Wolters kluwer india Pvt ... This is because although teeth may be aligned with their main axes within the jaw, some different relationships require special ... terminology as well; for example, teeth also can be rotated, and in such contexts terms like "anterior" or "lateral" become ...
Teeth. Main article: Human tooth. Teeth are complex structures made of materials specific to them. They are made of a bone-like ... As well as its role in supplying digestive enzymes, saliva has a cleansing action for the teeth and mouth.[15] It also has an ... The teeth are named after their particular roles in the process of mastication-incisors are used for cutting or biting off ... The vestibule is the area between the teeth, lips and cheeks,[4] and the rest is the oral cavity proper. Most of the oral ...
Jaw and teeth[edit]. *Occlusion refers to motion of the mandibula towards the maxilla making contact between the teeth.[37] ...
Teeth. Main article: Horse teeth. Horses are adapted to grazing. In an adult horse, there are 12 incisors at the front of the ... An estimate of a horse's age can be made from looking at its teeth. The teeth continue to erupt throughout life and are worn ... Stallions and geldings have four additional teeth just behind the incisors, a type of canine teeth called "tushes". Some horses ... both male and female, will also develop one to four very small vestigial teeth in front of the molars, known as "wolf" teeth, ...
Teeth[edit]. "A horse's teeth grow throughout the animal's lifetime". The quote above is incorrect. It's actually a common ... All I know is that horses still have teeth in their late 20's, I've known several. I know that a horse's baby teeth are ... Maybe check Horse teeth to see if it can be sourced a bit. Montanabw(talk) 21:26, 27 March 2008 (UTC). definition of elbow[edit ... See horse teeth for futher details. Montanabw 05:14, 17 June 2007 (UTC). Ok =) I have the age about 12 from a symposium we use ...
See also: Shark tooth and Animal tooth development. Jaws provide a platform in most fishes for simple pointed teeth. Lungfish ... and replace teeth as they wear by moving new teeth laterally from the medial jaw surface in a conveyor-belt fashion. Teeth are ... Carp and loach have pharyngeal teeth only. Sea horses, pipefish and adult sturgeon have no teeth of any type. In fish, Hox gene ... Tooth shape depends on the shark's diet: those that feed on mollusks and crustaceans have dense and flattened teeth used for ...
Mouth and teeth[edit]. Main article: Dental terminology. Special terms are used to describe the mouth and teeth.[4] Fields such ... This is because although teeth may be aligned with their main axes within the jaw, some different relationships require special ... terminology as well; for example teeth also can be rotated, and in such contexts terms like "anterior" or "lateral" become ... as osteology, palaeontology and dentistry apply special terms of location to describe the mouth and teeth. ...
Regrowing teeth[edit]. In 2004, scientists at King's College London discovered a way to cultivate a complete tooth in mice[41] ... Researchers are confident that the tooth regeneration technology can be used to grow live teeth in people. ... Yen AH, Sharpe PT (January 2008). "Stem cells and tooth tissue engineering". Cell Tissue Res. 331 (1): 359-72. doi:10.1007/ ... Many challenges remain, however, before stem cells could be a choice for the replacement of missing teeth in the future.[43][44 ...
No matches were found.[44] John Mark Byers had his teeth removed in 1997, after the first trial but before an imprint could be ... Upon further examination, it was concluded that if the marks were bite marks, they did not match the teeth of any of the three ... Possible teeth imprints (1996-1997). Following their convictions, Echols, Misskelley, and Baldwin submitted imprints of their ... teeth. These were compared to the alleged bite marks on Stevie Branch's forehead that had not been mentioned in the original ...
Type X Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease[edit]. Approximately four hundred mutations of the GJB1 gene have been identified in people ... Approximately four hundred type X Charcot-Marie-Tooth causing mutations have been identified within the GJB1 gene, and it is ... In males, due to the hemizygousity of the X-chromosome, the symptoms and issues surrounding X-linked Charcot-Marie-Tooth ... Bone LJ, Deschênes SM, Balice-Gordon RJ, Fischbeck KH, Scherer SS (1997). "Connexin32 and X-linked Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease ...
Tooth avulsions[edit]. During a tooth avulsion, a tooth is completely or partially (such that the dental pulp is exposed) ... Secondary (permanent) teeth can be replaced and stabilised by a dentist.[23] Primary (baby) teeth are not replaced because they ... Fractured and Avulsed Teeth. Retrieved January 15, 2009, from [5]. *^ Kidd, P. S., Sturt, P. A., & Fultz, J. (2000). Mosby's ... and eventually root resorption makes replacement of the tooth impossible.[23] To minimize damage to the root, the tooth should ...
GeneReviews: Charcot-Marie-Tooth Hereditary Neuropathy OverviewCharcot-Marie-Tooth Neuropathy Type 1Charcot-Marie-Tooth ... "Charcot-Marie-Tooth Association. Retrieved 2020-05-30.. *^ Wade, Nicholas (2010-03-10). "Disease Cause Is Pinpointed With ... "Charcot-Marie-Tooth Syndrome. CMT information". Patient.. *^ Carter, Gregory T.; Jensen, Mark P.; Galer, Bradley S.; Kraft, ... Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease (CMT) is a hereditary motor and sensory neuropathy of the peripheral nervous system characterized ...
Thus two tooth cattle are marked on the wither, four tooth on the middle of the back and six tooth on their high bone (near ... The canine teeth are not pointed but look like incisors. The incisor teeth meet with the thick hard dental pad of the upper jaw ... Cattle have thirty-two teeth, including six incisors or biting teeth and two canines in the front on the bottom jaw. ... the teeth have grown large enough to touch each other by the sixth month. Temporary incisors or "milk" teeth are smaller than ...
Tooth decay[edit]. Tooth decay (dental caries) has become a pronounced health hazard associated with the consumption of sugars ... "What causes tooth decay?". Animated-teeth.com. Archived from the original on 2010-02-09. Retrieved 2010-05-05.. ... What causes tooth decay? Archived 2010-02-09 at the Wayback Machine.. Animated-teeth.com. Retrieved on 2011-11-18. ... The resultant lactic acid lowers the pH of the tooth's surface, stripping it of minerals in the process known as tooth decay.[ ...
These are called Hitler's teeth (Norwegian: Hitlertennene or Hitlers tenner), and they were erected by prisoners of war and ... The Norwegian prisoners sabotaged several "teeth" by mixing more sand into the concrete in order to make them weaker.[4] ...
Although stingray teeth are rare on sea bottoms compared to the similar shark teeth, scuba divers searching for the latter do ... the teeth have a root implanted within the connective tissue and a visible portion of the tooth, is large and flat, allowing ... Jaw and teeth[edit]. The mouth of the stingray is located on the ventral side of the vertebrate. Stringrays exhibit euhyostyly ... to some of their teeth. During mating season, some stingray species fully change their tooth morphology which then returns to ...
The mandible, or lower jaw, consists of a single, tooth-bearing bone in mammals (the dentary), whereas the lower jaw of modern ... Synapsids are characterized by having differentiated teeth. These include the canines, molars, and incisors.[10] The trend ... To facilitate rapid digestion, these synapsids evolved mastication (chewing) and specialized teeth that aided chewing. Limbs ... and limited tooth replacement in advanced cynodonts, as well as in mammaliaforms.[25][26] ...
Teeth. Main article: Teeth. Teeth (singular tooth) are small whitish structures found in the jaws (or mouths) of many ... Teeth are not made of bone, but rather of tissues of varying density and hardness, such as enamel, dentine and cementum. Human ... This is the ability of sensation when chewing, for example if we were to bite into something too hard for our teeth, such as a ... To aid in the digestion of their food animals evolved organs such as beaks, tongues, teeth, a crop, gizzard, and others. ...
Teeth[edit]. Oral prophylaxis, hygiene instruction and elimination of sources of infection within the mouth before beginning ... The initial symptoms may involve pain, numbness, swelling, expansion of the jaw, tooth mobility, and radiolucency.[21] Multiple ... Dental extractions should be avoided during the active period of treatment and treat the tooth with nonsurgical root canal ... loose tooth, mucosal swelling, early referral to an oral surgeon is recommended. ...
... milk teeth and adult teeth. The dental formula of the milk teeth is 2.1.2.03.1.2.0 for a total of 22 teeth, while that of the ... adult teeth is 2.1.3.33.1.3.3 for a total of 38 teeth. Newborns ("pups") are born with 20 milk teeth which becomes 22 when the ... Pups begin losing milk teeth once they have reached a body length of 55-60 mm (2.2-2.4 in); total loss of milk teeth and ... It is a diphyodont mammal, meaning that it has two sets of teeth during its lifetime- ...
The scientists found qualities of the tooth affected how long it took for a new tooth to grow. Camarasaurus's teeth took longer ... Teeth[edit]. A study by Michael D'Emic and his colleagues from Stony Brook University found that sauropods evolved high tooth ... The study suggested that Nigersaurus, for example, replaced each tooth every 14 days, Camarasaurus replaced each tooth every 62 ... Studies of microscopic tooth wear show that juvenile sauropods had diets that differed from their adult counterparts, so ...
... with the chewing edge located behind the vertical plane of the teeth.[105] The molars are bunodont, with the cusps higher than ... The first lower molar has large roots at the front and back of the tooth and usually one or two smaller ones in between, at the ... on the basis of small differences in characters of the tooth with living marsh rice rats.[9] In 1965, Walter Dalquest demoted ...
Tooth eruption[edit]. PTHrP is critical in intraosseous phase of tooth eruption where it acts as a signalling molecule to ... Without PTHrP, the bony crypt surrounding the tooth follicle will not resorb, and therefore the tooth will not erupt. In the ... context of tooth eruption, PTHrP is secreted by the cells of the Reduced Enamel Epithelium. ...
Tooth decay[edit]. The 2003 WHO report stated that "Sugars are undoubtedly the most important dietary factor in the development ... It is a kind of honey found in cane, white as gum, and it crunches between the teeth. It comes in lumps the size of a hazelnut ... and tooth decay. Numerous studies have tried to clarify those implications, but with varying results, mainly because of the ... found in reeds in India and Eudaimon Arabia similar in consistency to salt and brittle enough to be broken between the teeth ...
Dentition relates to the arrangement of teeth in the mouth, with the dental notation for the upper-jaw teeth using the upper- ... The mandibles of canids are buttressed behind the carnassial teeth to crack bones with their post-carnassial teeth (molars M2 ... p and m to denote the mandible teeth. Teeth are numbered using one side of the mouth and from the front of the mouth to the ... Tooth breakage is a frequent result of carnivores' feeding behaviour.[31] Carnivores include both pack hunters and solitary ...
erode a tooth. Busted Adam and Jamie placed a tooth in cola and another in pure phosphoric acid. After 24 hours, the teeth were ... The tooth that was in the cola was merely stained brown, while the tooth that was in the phosphoric acid had been dissolved to ... Radio Tooth Fillings[edit]. Myth statement Status Notes It is possible to pick up radio signals through a dental filling. ... The gold and amalgam tooth fillings did not act as an antenna or point-contact transistor when placed in a real human skull. ...
... delayed exfoliation of baby teeth and delayed eruption of adult teeth, shorter roots on teeth, and often missing and malformed ... and early tooth loss, especially in the lower front teeth.[55][56] While plaque and poor oral hygiene are contributing factors ... Higher rates of tooth wear and bruxism are also common.[57] Other common oral manifestations of Down syndrome include enlarged ... Teeth. Individuals with Down syndrome tend to be more susceptible to gingivitis as well as early, severe periodontal disease, ...
Children with OI should go for a dental check-up as soon as their teeth erupt, this may minimize tooth structure loss as a ... Teeth[edit]. More than 1 in 2 people with OI also have dentinogenesis imperfecta (DI) - a congenital disorder of formation of ... This mutation causes bone deformities, fractures, and delayed tooth eruption.[40] Type XIII[edit]. OI caused by a mutation in ... characterized by opalescent teeth; absent in IA, present in IB). Life expectancy is slightly reduced compared to the general ...
Gnashing and grinding teeth, called bruxism, is common in kids, and often happens during deep sleep or while a child is under ... If the teeth are damaged, the dentist may ask a few questions to look whats causing the grinding, such as misaligned teeth or ... If teeth-grinding and clenching make a childs face and jaw sore or damage the teeth, dentists may prescribe a special night ... If you think your child grinds their teeth, visit the dentist, who will check the teeth for chipped enamel and unusual wear and ...
False Teeth. Home Washington Library Center for Digital History Digital Encyclopedia False Teeth ... "never extract a tooth...[when] there is a possibility of saving it."2 When Washington finally lost this tooth as well, he gave ... When Washington was inaugurated President in 1789, only one real tooth remained in his mouth. Dr. John Greenwood-a New York ... Presently, a few of Washingtons false teeth still exist. Part of a denture made by Greenwood is owned by the New York Academy ...
Reuters Health) - Losing two or more natural teeth in middle age may signal an increased risk for coronary heart disease, a U.S ... Among adults with 25 to 32 natural teeth at the beginning of the study, those who lost two or more teeth during follow-up had a ... "Peridontitis and gingivitis lead to tooth loss and the loss of a tooth is certainly the end-stage of dental disease," said Dr. ... Adults with fewer than 17 natural teeth (vs. 25 to 32 natural teeth) at the outset were 25 percent more likely to develop ...
A wisdom tooth extraction is a surgical procedure to remove one or more of your wisdom teeth. Learn what to expect, before ... Wisdom teeth are the four permanent adult teeth located at the back corners of your mouth on the top and bottom. These teeth ... Wisdom teeth are typically removed through a wisdom tooth extraction when theres evidence of:. *Healthy teeth adjacent to ... WISDOM TEETH. Definition. Wisdom teeth are the third and last molars on each side of the upper and lower jaws. They are also ...
Many children experience painful tooth decay which can lead to the tooth/teeth being extracted. Even if teeth are not extracted ... Caries (dental decay) is a disease of the hard tissues of the teeth caused by an imbalance, over time, in the interactions ... Comparison between different concentrations of fluoride toothpaste for preventing tooth decay in children and adolescents. ... Although none of the trials included in the review looked at fluorosis or mottling of the childrens teeth, fluorosis may be an ...
Fast facts about tooth loss and oral health. ... Severe tooth loss-having 8 or fewer teeth-impacts the ability ... Total tooth loss among adults aged 65 or older decreased by more than 30% from 27% in 1999-2004 to 17% in 2011-2016.3 ... Infographic: Water with Fluoride Builds a Foundation for Healthy Teeth. *Infographic: Water with Fluoride Builds a Foundation ... Oral Health Surveillance Report: Trends in Dental Caries and Sealants, Tooth Retention, and Edentulism, United States, 1999- ...
Tooth wear and ageing: Tooth wear is a progressive loss of enamel and dentine due to tooth erosion, abrasion and attrition. As ... The process of tooth whitening lightens the colour of a tooth.[1] Tooth whitening can be achieved by either changing the ... "Tooth Whitening". 8 Dec 2014.. *^ a b "Public Attitudes to Tooth Whitening Regulations (Presentation)" (PDF). General Dental ... tooth whitening can occur within three days and lighten teeth by one or two shades.[1] This type of tooth whitening is ...
Erupted teeth that are adjacent to impacted teeth are predisposed to periodontal disease. Since the most difficult tooth ... Relationship of tooth to anterior border of ramus[edit]. This type of classification is based on the amount of impacted tooth ... Relationship of tooth to occlusal plane[edit]. The depth of the impacted tooth compared with the adjacent second molar gives ... "Impacted teeth including surgery for canine teeth , Cambridge University Hospitals". cuh.org.uk. Retrieved 2015-08-22.. ...
... tooth whale tooth whale tooth whale tooth whale tooth whale tooth whale tooth whale tooth whale tooth whale tooth whale tooth. ... FREDERICK MYRICK/Susans Teeth (1808-1862). 20th century copies. JAMES BUTE (tooth c.1834),. a private in the Royal Marines. ... A Godeys Lady tooth c.1840. {this whaler-made, scrimshaw tooth has been matched (a great rarity). with its original source ... scrimshaw scrimshaw scrimshaw scrimshaw scrimshaw scrimshaw scrimshaw sperm whale tooth whale tooth whale tooth whale tooth ...
Your dentist calls it tooth decay or dental caries. Theyre all names for a hole in your tooth. Find out how to prevent it. ... What is tooth decay?. Tooth decay is damage to a tooths surface, or enamel. It happens when bacteria in your mouth make acids ... Tooth decay can lead to cavities (dental caries), which are holes in your teeth. If tooth decay is not treated, it can cause ... Who is at risk for tooth decay?. The main risk factors for tooth decay are not taking care of your teeth and having too many ...
There are a variety of problems associated with tooth disorders such as cavities and infections. Uncover the related symptoms, ... Tooth injuries such as broken or chipped teeth. What causes tooth disorders?. The causes of tooth disorders varies, depending ... Can tooth disorders be prevented?. The main thing that you can do to prevent tooth disorders is to take good care of your teeth ... Worn-down teeth. How are tooth disorders diagnosed?. Your dentist will ask about your symptoms, look at your teeth, and probe ...
If the tooth is severely decayed, or little tooth structure remains, it may be necessary to place a metal post into the tooth ... of the tooth than veneers. Crowns provide protection around the entire tooth and are generally indicated for teeth that have ... Less tooth structure is needed to be removed Adjacent tooth wear is kept to a minimum. The main negative is color Porcelain/ ... Cracked Teeth - Teeth may have microcracks that cause sensitivity when exposed to hot and cold temperatures, pressure, and air ...
Chinas Growing Sweet Tooth. Hershey is unveiling a milk candy for the fast-growing China market-the first launch away from ... quickly the sweet tooth in China will ... expand the Sean Ryan thank you so much for joining us from Shanghai ... for more this ...
A calcareous tooth that is part of the upper jaw region. In mammals, the upper jaw teeth are attached to the maxilla. [ http:// ... Note that we follow EHDAA2 and consider teeth part of the jaw skeleton ... tooth of upper jaw. Go to external page http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/UBERON_0003267 Copy ...
Just for the record, children usually have 20 baby teeth (also called milk teeth). Adults have 32 permanent teeth. The 32 teeth ... The Tooth The tooth is an amazing sensory organ. The outside of the tooth, the enamel, is the hardest tissue in the human body ... If you have ever had a cracked tooth or had a cavity in a tooth, you know that the message sent to the brain by the teeth is ... The enamel surrounds another layer of the tooth called the dentin. The tooth pulp lies in the middle of the tooth. The pulp ...
The Chinese toss the tiny teeth onto roofs. Mexicans offer them to el raton, a gray mouse, and Swedes sweep them under the rug ... from pillows and tooth banks to porcelain and silver tooth boxes. In the museum are more than 500 pieces of Tooth Fairy ... Part of the magic of the Tooth Fairy is her fairness. "A child might think that its unfair that she lost a tooth," Schwartzman ... "Tell the child that the Tooth Fairy couldnt make it to your neighborhood, but she will return the next night. The Tooth Fairy ...
... "tooth"[All Fields] AND "sensitivity"[All Fields]) OR "tooth sensitivity"[All Fields]. Search. ... External Dentin Stimulation Induces ATP Release in Human Teeth. X. Liu, C. Wang, T. Fujita, H.S. Malmstrom, M. Nedergaard, Y.F ... High-concentration carbamide peroxide can reduce the sensitivity caused by in-office tooth bleaching: a single-blinded ... Figure 3Distribution of the tooth sensitivity scores reported by patients using a verbal rating scale according to time of ...
Humans have two sets of teeth, the baby teeth (also called the primary teeth) and the permanent teeth. Children have 20 primary ... teeth; they are replaced by 32 permanent teeth by about age 13. ... Tooth Quiz. Tooth Quiz Answers. Tooth Anatomy. Tooth Anatomy ... Tooth Anatomy Printout. Teeth. Label Teeth Printout. Label Tooth Printout. Tooth Anatomy Quiz Printout. Todays featured page: ... Tooth Anatomy: Label Me! Printout. Label the tooth diagram.. Answers. Teeth. Label Me! Printout. Label the permanent teeth, ...
My dentist has decided to extract a tooth that has an abscess forming in the root. Should a course of antibiotics be given ... If a tooth is painful, the gum swollen and inflamed and work was carried out on that tooth - it would seem reasonable to give ... Tooth extraction. My dentist has decided to extract a tooth that has an abscess forming in the root. Should a course of ... You go on to say that a temporary filling was put in a tooth (presumably another tooth, not the one with the abscess that was ...
Unscramble the Sweet Tooth Channel! Avoid the sweets and munch the fruits and vegetables while you chase Mr. Toothbrush through ... Unscramble the Sweet Tooth Channel! Avoid the sweets and munch the fruits and vegetables while you chase Mr. Toothbrush through ... http://marketplace.xbox.com/da-DK/Product/Sweet-Tooth/bacfcf6f-e897-4d63-a593-207e75fe385a?cid=SLink Klik for at oprette og ...
... is screenwriting on a first grade level, and though its being billed as family comedy, Im pretty sure it was only ... Tooth Fairy is screenwriting on a first grade level, and though its being billed as family comedy, Im pretty sure it was only ... Tooth Fairy is screenwriting on a first grade level, and though its being billed as family comedy, Im pretty sure it was only ... Does the silly willy goalie want his itsy bitsy teeth punched out? I bet he does! I just bet he does! Crunch. That baby talk ...
Tooth loss is preventable. Primary care providers can educate their patients with chronic diseases about their increased risk ...
11 Mistakes You Make Brushing Your Teeth , Develop Proper Tooth Care Habits - Duration: 9:01. Real Men Real Style 2,083,958 ... WHAT I DIDNT EXPECT / WHAT YOU SHOULD KNOW ♡ Wisdom Teeth Surgery ♡ Kristina Hailey - Duration: 15:16. Kristina Hailey 16,656 ... Why Do Wisdom Teeth Suck? - Duration: 3:05. Science Insider 3,719,079 views ... Patient Walk-through of Wisdom Teeth Extraction , Boston Childrens Hospital - Duration: 5:52. Boston Childrens Hospital ...
... these teeth are replaced one by one by the teeth of the secondary set. There are five deciduous teeth and eight permanent teeth ... The teeth: …as the deciduous, milk, or primary dentition, is acquired gradually between the ages of six months and two years. ... Other articles where Primary tooth is discussed: human digestive system: ... Alternative Titles: baby tooth, deciduous tooth, lacteal tooth, milk tooth, temporary tooth ...
WebMD explains what tooth enamel is, what causes it to erode, how to prevent enamel loss, and how to treat it. ... How is tooth enamel loss treated? What is tooth enamel?. Enamel is the thin outer covering of the tooth. This tough shell is ... How is tooth enamel loss treated?. Treatment of tooth enamel loss depends on the problem. Sometimes tooth bonding is used to ... Attrition. This is natural tooth-to-tooth friction that happens when you clench or grind your teeth such as with bruxism, which ...
Tooth Decay: UXL Encyclopedia of Diseases and Disorders dictionary. ... texts attributed tooth decay and cavities to a "tooth worm." The rate of tooth decay among humans increased rapidly after 1850 ... of a tooth. Decay results from the action of ba… Tooth Decay , DEFINITION Tooth decay is the destruction of the enamel (outer ... If the tooth decay has affected the pulp in the center of the tooth and destroyed the nerve endings, the dentist removes the ...
... of all tooth fairies in magical tooth fairy central. His sentence for being a debunker of tooth fairy dreams is to work for ... of all tooth fairies in magical tooth fairy central. His sentence for being a debunker of tooth fairy dreams is to work for ... of all tooth fairies in magical tooth fairy central. His sentence for being a debunker of tooth fairy dreams is to work for ... The special effects look cheap and the earthbound part of the plot is old hat, but the tooth fairy stuff is funny enough keep ...
But whats the truth behind these tooth myths? ... that Coke can dissolve a tooth or that bleaching your teeth ... also known as milk teeth). Believing a witch could curse someone using their tooth, lost baby teeth were swallowed, buried, ... Why real human teeth? The 18th century saw a rise in the use of real teeth to replace rotting ones, and with good reason. While ... Though many hockey players consider a lost tooth a badge of honor, it is possible to reimplant a knocked-out adult tooth. A ...
Tooth Development. (October 2008). Is it possible to build a tooth? Thats a question that many giants of 20th century dental ... Evolutionary Biology: Cichlids, Gene Networks, and Teeth. (February 2009). In the journal PLOS Biology, NIDCR grantees report ... These original parts were then gradually rewired, replaced, or left in place to produce the various shapes and sizes of teeth ... scientists must begin to solve the larger puzzles of how they self assemble to form the tooths various specialized tissues, ...
Case in point: The new Dwayne Johnson vehicle, The Tooth Fairy, doesnt feature a lot of crotch-slamming, farting, singing CGI ... For a bad, broad comedy, Tooth Fairy boasts a surprising number of positives. Which isnt to say that its good, but it could ... Case in point: The new Dwayne Johnson vehicle, The Tooth Fairy, doesnt feature a lot of crotch-slamming, farting, singing CGI ... If nothing else, The Tooth Fairy keeps the story moving along, largely by packing it with a staggering number of plotlines. By ...
  • Unscramble the Sweet Tooth Channel! (xbox.com)
  • Mystified researchers tested and discarded theory after theory until they finally hit on the explanation: In a remarkably rapid display of evolution at work, many of the cockroaches had lost their sweet tooth, rejecting the corn syrup meant to attract them. (yahoo.com)
  • The Sweet Tooth takes pride in making everything from scratch, using the highest quality of ingredients. (decidio.com)
  • These meltables from Sweet Tooth Fairy are perfect to jazz up homemade treats. (michaels.com)
  • Rated 5 out of 5 by Happy customer kcr from Sweet Tooth Fairy Meltables Review by kcr Used these meltables to make a coating for my peanut butter, coconut, and marshamellow Easter eggs. (michaels.com)
  • The operation is code named "Sweet Tooth. (goodreads.com)
  • To ask other readers questions about Sweet Tooth , please sign up . (goodreads.com)
  • You find out in a letter at the end that Sweet Tooth is structured as a book-within-a-book. (goodreads.com)
  • After 39 issues filled with tragedy, Jeff Lemire is giving the characters of his comic-book series Sweet Tooth a hopeful ending with the finale. (usatoday.com)
  • The 40th and final issue of 'Sweet Tooth' visits Gus and the other animal hybrid children 15 years into the future. (usatoday.com)
  • Since 2009, Sweet Tooth has told the story of young Gus, an 11-year-old kid with antlers and deer ears who's raised by his devout father in the woods of Nebraska and told that he can't venture from their cabin lest the world outside harm him. (usatoday.com)
  • The cover to Sweet Tooth No. 40, which shows an aged Gus and mirrors the front of the very first issue, gives a hint as to the story within: Readers will catch up with Gus and the other hybrid children 15 years in the future. (usatoday.com)
  • And the American Dental Association says swishing will probably irritate your gums before it whitens your teeth. (webmd.com)
  • Wisdom teeth that have partially come through can give bacteria a place to enter the gums and create a place for infection. (colgate.com)
  • Besides damaging your teeth, plaque and tartar can also irritate your gums and cause gum disease . (medlineplus.gov)
  • Many older adults have receding gums and more wear on their teeth. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Most babies are born with no visible teeth -- the teeth are forming inside the gums. (enchantedlearning.com)
  • The 20 primary teeth (also called baby teeth or first teeth) erupt (poke through the gums) over the time from when a baby is from about 6 months to a year old. (enchantedlearning.com)
  • As a permanent tooth forms under the gums and in the jawbone, the roots of the primary tooth it is replacing dissolve. (enchantedlearning.com)
  • gums - the soft tissue that surrounds the base of the teeth. (enchantedlearning.com)
  • Enamel covers the crown which is the part of the tooth that's visible outside of the gums. (webmd.com)
  • It also gets around your cavity fillings and next to the gum line where the teeth and gums meet. (webmd.com)
  • If untreated, cavities can lead to toothache, loss of the tooth, and bacterial infections spreading to the gums and other tissues. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Dr Okamoto said: 'Infections in the gums that can lead to tooth loss may release inflammatory substances, which in turn will enhance the brain inflammation that cause neuronal death and hasten memory loss. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • How tightly your teeth cling to their sockets is indicative of how healthy your teeth and gums are so make sure you are routinely working floss up and around each tooth you have. (everything2.com)
  • Healthy gums hold tightly to the teeth above and below them, your teeth are composed of micro-tubules that can be advantageously rearranged by your body and your visits to the dentist will be much less painful if your mouth is in good working order. (everything2.com)
  • The pulp has two parts: the pulp chamber, which lies in the crown (or top part of the tooth) and the root canal, which is in the bottom part of the tooth that lies beneath the gums. (kidshealth.org)
  • Depending on the degree of 'impaction,' or penetration through the gums, Dr. Morr will make an incision to get to each wisdom tooth individually. (prweb.com)
  • The first sign of an abscessed tooth is pain, and another symptom is a little bubble that forms on the inside of the gums by the side of the tooth. (ehow.com)
  • Also avoid tea that is too hot, as it can cause damage to your teeth or gums. (wikihow.com)
  • Artificial teeth are attached to the 'gums' to replace your missing teeth. (wikihow.com)
  • When you have teeth that are not periodontally sound (weak gums and underlying bone). (wikihow.com)
  • The new permanent tooth slowly pushes up through the gums to replace the baby tooth. (innerbody.com)
  • If I look at the back of my teeth, it looks like the gums have been decreasing. (medhelp.org)
  • The roots of teeth are covered by gums. (wikipedia.org)
  • A bad deed on the part of a tough minor-league hockey player results in an unusual sentence: He must serve one week as a real-life tooth fairy. (imdb.com)
  • The Tooth Fairy made her debut in the United States around the turn of the century, rooted in the belief in fairies imported by immigrants from Great Britain. (latimes.com)
  • Marking the loss of a tooth is a rite of passage that has been performed in practically all cultures for thousands of years," said Rosemary Wells, a former English professor and self-titled Tooth Fairy consultant. (latimes.com)
  • The Tooth Fairy is equally generous to the well-off and the poor. (latimes.com)
  • Wells, who operates the Tooth Fairy Museum out of her Deerfield, Ill., home, believes the custom has endured because it helps both parent and child through a stressful situation, "the sociological change when the child shifts from home to school. (latimes.com)
  • While not as commercial as Santa Claus or the Easter Bunny, the Tooth Fairy has done well for herself in the marketing arena. (latimes.com)
  • There are dozens of Tooth Fairy-inspired children's books and a cottage industry of products, from pillows and tooth banks to porcelain and silver tooth boxes. (latimes.com)
  • In the museum are more than 500 pieces of Tooth Fairy memorabilia, including small boxes and bags and pillows to stash lost teeth in and a plastic tooth bank in the shape of a mouse. (latimes.com)
  • Visiting children have left hundreds of their drawings of the Tooth Fairy. (latimes.com)
  • Sometimes the Tooth Fairy doesn't carry cash, preferring nonmonetary gifts. (latimes.com)
  • Any item that is important to a child can be left by the Tooth Fairy," Wells said. (latimes.com)
  • What about that most embarrassing of situations: when the Tooth Fairy somehow dozes off and fails to complete her duties? (latimes.com)
  • Tell the child that the Tooth Fairy couldn't make it to your neighborhood, but she will return the next night. (latimes.com)
  • The Tooth Fairy never fails to discharge her assignment. (latimes.com)
  • The Tooth Fairy is a warm, giving maternal figure that helps children accept and feel good about what's happened. (latimes.com)
  • Part of the magic of the Tooth Fairy is her fairness. (latimes.com)
  • The Tooth Fairy puts children's focus on what they are gaining, as opposed to what they have lost. (latimes.com)
  • Tooth Fairy is screenwriting on a first grade level, and though it's being billed as family comedy, I'm pretty sure it was only ever meant for first graders. (cinemablend.com)
  • This time it happens because he's turned into a tooth fairy for reasons which are so flimsy, they're not even worth remembering. (cinemablend.com)
  • The always amiable, if not comedically nimble, Dwayne Johnson plays Derek, a professional hockey player known as the Tooth Fairy because he has knocked out so many opponents' teeth. (chicagotribune.com)
  • His girlfriend ( Ashley Judd), a single mom, gets angry when he nearly tells her youngest (Destiny Grace Whitlock) there is no tooth fairy who puts money under her pillow. (chicagotribune.com)
  • Later that night, Derek sprouts wings and finds himself standing before the boss ( Julie Andrews) of all tooth fairies in magical tooth fairy central. (chicagotribune.com)
  • His sentence for being a debunker of tooth fairy dreams is to work for three weeks as a tooth fairy. (chicagotribune.com)
  • The special effects look cheap and the earthbound part of the plot is old hat, but the tooth fairy stuff is funny enough keep the film afloat. (chicagotribune.com)
  • Case in point: The new Dwayne Johnson vehicle, The Tooth Fairy , doesn't feature a lot of crotch-slamming, farting, singing CGI rodents, or shrieking children. (avclub.com)
  • For a bad, broad comedy, Tooth Fairy boasts a surprising number of positives. (avclub.com)
  • Then he heartlessly tells the daughter of his girlfriend Ashley Judd that the actual magical Tooth Fairy doesn't exist. (avclub.com)
  • Suddenly, he sprouts wings and is whisked off to Fairyland (no, really), where caseworker Merchant and head fairy Andrews sentence him to atone by working as a Tooth Fairy, largely by engaging in manic slapstick involving a bunch of clumsy CGI. (avclub.com)
  • If nothing else, The Tooth Fairy keeps the story moving along, largely by packing it with a staggering number of plotlines. (avclub.com)
  • By the film's end, Johnson has to patch things up with Judd, save his faltering hockey career, teach a lesson to an obnoxious young-turk player, convince Merchant to believe in himself and become a full-fledged Tooth Fairy, and bond with Judd's dour prepubescent son, boosting his self-esteem enough to get him into the school talent show. (avclub.com)
  • And then there's dealing with wackadoodle Tooth Fairy trainer Billy Crystal, learning to use fairy magic, and collecting all those kids' teeth, for reasons never explained. (avclub.com)
  • Rating: PG for mild language, some rude humor and sports action What it's about: A cynical, embittered hockey player is sentenced to be a tooth fairy after he lectures kids to live in the real world and not fantasize about things they may never have. (baltimoresun.com)
  • This handmade tooth fairy bunny is made from 100% cotton and is approximately 36cm tall from the top of her ears to the tips of her toes. (etsy.com)
  • Tooth Fairy bunny is wearing a hand knitted pale pink and white alpaca jumper with pink and white 'bunny print' skirt with cream cotton trim and matching headband. (etsy.com)
  • 8) Tell your kids that the Tooth Fairy pays out less for decayed teeth - this will soon get them brushing better. (telegraph.co.uk)
  • An apprentice witch who is assigned to help the bungling old Tooth Witch is magically transformed into the Tooth Fairy. (worldcat.org)
  • Ivanhoe Newswire) -- Baby teeth are worth more than what the tooth fairy leaves under a child´s pillow. (redorbit.com)
  • Derek Thompson is one of the toughest hockey players around until he's sentenced to one week's hard labor as the world's most unlikely tooth fairy. (worldcat.org)
  • All these decades we thought the tooth fairy was a sweet rich angel sharing her wealth with poor kids. (slashdot.org)
  • The tooth fairy is a smart, cunning businesswoman planning to cash in big on her investment! (slashdot.org)
  • Back in my day when we lost our teeth we had to pay the tooth fairy $100 for each tooth we lost. (slashdot.org)
  • When I was a lad, the tooth fairy yanked out our teeth with a shifting spanner, cut off our legs, and took both our kidneys for transplants. (slashdot.org)
  • These teeth are the third and final set of molars that most people get in their late teens or early 20s and may need to be removed based on your dentist's recommendations. (colgate.com)
  • Wisdom teeth, commonly called "third molars," usually grow in before the age of 25, and they're called wisdom teeth because they come through at a mature age. (colgate.com)
  • Wisdom teeth that haven't come in properly can make it difficult to floss between the wisdom teeth and the molars next to them. (colgate.com)
  • The wisdom teeth (third molars) are frequently impacted because they are the last teeth to erupt in the oral cavity. (wikipedia.org)
  • The 32 teeth in adults include the 3rd molars, also called the wisdom teeth. (washington.edu)
  • Wisdom teeth (also called the third molars) are molars that usually erupt from the ages of 17 to 21. (enchantedlearning.com)
  • premolar (also called bicuspid) - the type of tooth located between the canine and the molars in humans. (enchantedlearning.com)
  • Plaque forms between your teeth and gets inside tiny holes or pits in the molars. (webmd.com)
  • The third molars are called wisdom teeth . (kidshealth.org)
  • TM Prosthodontics, a Miami dental office, has announced a new program for removing wisdom teeth (third molars). (prweb.com)
  • This causes the molars, which usually begin to come in between 17 and 25 years of age, to become 'impacted,' meaning there is not enough space for the teeth to line up behind the others, which can be problematic for dental health. (prweb.com)
  • Premolars (bicuspids) and molars are large, flat-surfaced teeth found in the back of the mouth. (innerbody.com)
  • Babies are born without teeth, but grow a temporary set of twenty deciduous teeth (eight incisors, four canines, and eight molars) between the ages of six months and three years. (innerbody.com)
  • The first twenty-eight adult teeth are fully erupted by the age of eleven to thirteen with the third molars, known as wisdom teeth, erupting in the back of the jaw several years later in early adulthood. (innerbody.com)
  • Every bite forces food into the interface of the teeth to be chopped, while lateral motion of the jaw is used to grind food in the premolars and molars. (innerbody.com)
  • For many years the discussion surrounding the care and management of third molars, or wisdom teeth, has been obscured by unsupported statements and misinterpretation of the data. (prnewswire.com)
  • The permanent teeth generally number 32 in all: 4 incisors, 2 canines, 4 bicuspids, and 4 (or 6, if wisdom teeth develop) molars in each jaw. (factmonster.com)
  • Permanent molars are not succedaneous teeth because they do not replace any primary teeth. (wikipedia.org)
  • Succedaneous teeth originate from successional laminae whereas permanent molars originate from the general dental lamina. (wikipedia.org)
  • If there isn't enough space for the tooth to erupt, it's often hard to get to it and clean it properly. (colgate.com)
  • An impacted tooth is one that fails to erupt into the dental arch within the expected developmental window . (wikipedia.org)
  • Because impacted teeth do not erupt, they are retained throughout the individual's lifetime unless extracted or exposed surgically. (wikipedia.org)
  • Impacted tooth - a tooth did not erupt (break through the gum) when it should have. (medlineplus.gov)
  • A child's first dental visit should occur six months after his or her first teeth erupt or by his or her first birthday. (prnewswire.com)
  • Wisdom teeth get their name because, as the last teeth to erupt, they break through when a person is becoming an adult and is supposedly wiser. (kidshealth.org)
  • Eventually, a total of thirty-two permanent adult teeth form and erupt. (innerbody.com)
  • Sometimes the wisdom teeth become impacted when they grow and become wedged at an abnormal position in the jaws and fail to erupt. (innerbody.com)
  • Humans and most other mammals have a temporary set of teeth, the deciduous, or milk, teeth in humans, they usually erupt between the 6th and 24th months. (factmonster.com)
  • The last of the permanent teeth (wisdom teeth) may not appear until the 25th year, and in some persons do not erupt at all. (factmonster.com)
  • If you think your child grinds their teeth, visit the dentist , who will check the teeth for chipped enamel and unusual wear and tear, and spray air and water on them to check for sensitivity. (kidshealth.org)
  • If the teeth are damaged, the dentist may ask a few questions to look what's causing the grinding, such as misaligned teeth or stress . (kidshealth.org)
  • Prior to Washington's service in the Revolutionary War, Dr. John Baker, the first dentist to fashion false teeth for Washington, fabricated a partial denture with ivory that was wired to Washington's remaining real teeth. (mountvernon.org)
  • New York dentist, former soldier in the Revolution, and a true pioneer in American dentistry-fashioned a technologically advanced set of dentures carved out of hippopotamus ivory and employing gold wire springs and brass screws holding human teeth. (mountvernon.org)
  • Greenwood even left a hole in the dentures to accommodate Washington's single tooth as he believed a dentist should "never extract a tooth. (mountvernon.org)
  • A wisdom tooth extraction is a surgical procedure performed by a dentist or oral surgeon to remove one or more of your wisdom teeth. (colgate.com)
  • Visiting your dentist twice a year for regular checkups will help your dentist follow the progress of your teeth. (colgate.com)
  • If you're worried about the risks during your wisdom tooth extraction, talk to your dentist or oral surgeon about your concerns. (colgate.com)
  • Your dentist may perform the procedure in the office, but if your tooth is deeply impacted or if the extraction is expected to be more difficult than normal, your dentist may suggest that you consult with an oral surgeon. (colgate.com)
  • If you have a typical cavity, your dentist will remove the decayed tooth tissue and then restore the tooth by filling it with a filling material. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Your dentist will remove the decayed pulp and clean inside the tooth and root. (medlineplus.gov)
  • In the most severe cases, when the damage to the pulp cannot be fixed, your dentist may pull the tooth. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Your dentist will suggest that you get a bridge or implant to replace the missing tooth. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Your dentist will ask about your symptoms, look at your teeth, and probe them with dental instruments. (medlineplus.gov)
  • In addition to visiting your dentist and brushing twice a day, cleaning between your teeth is vital with crowns. (angelfire.com)
  • Your dentist will then fabricate a temporary crown to cover and protect the prepared tooth while the permanent crown is being made. (angelfire.com)
  • Baby teeth removed by a dentist seem to command a little more. (latimes.com)
  • My dentist has decided to extract a tooth that has an abscess forming in the root. (netdoctor.co.uk)
  • The dentist has already removed a filling a week ago and put in a temporary one as a prelude to putting a crown on the tooth. (netdoctor.co.uk)
  • Regular visits to your dentist for routine cleaning and polishing can help remove most surface stains and make sure your teeth stay healthy. (webmd.com)
  • The bacterium that causes tooth decay was identified in the early 1920s by military dentist Fernando Rodríguez Vargas (188-1932). (encyclopedia.com)
  • In addition to tooth decay, your dentist can provide insight about teething irritation, gum disease, and prolonged thumb or pacifier sucking. (prnewswire.com)
  • A dentist can take the tooth out. (answers.com)
  • If the tooth was loose due to impact, you should seek a dentist. (answers.com)
  • The dentist repaired the appearance of the tooth and the tooth stabalised itself after a while. (answers.com)
  • Possibly, but a loose wisdom tooth is a sign of other problems that need attention from a dentist. (answers.com)
  • Periodically my dentist tells me that I have beautiful teeth despite a defect in my enamel and a decalcified spot. (everything2.com)
  • He advises against light and laser since too much heat can irritate the pulp, i.e., the inside of the tooth: "Such a laser device is rather a nice gadget for the dentist. (amazonaws.com)
  • Because wisdom teeth can crowd out the other teeth, become impacted , or cause problems like pain and infection, a dentist may need to remove them. (kidshealth.org)
  • Discover why hot and cold sensitivity may be a sign of an abscessed tooth with help from a dentist in this free video on tooth abscesses and dental health. (ehow.com)
  • Advanced loss of tooth enamel may need to be addressed by a dentist through bonding, veneers, or crowns. (wikihow.com)
  • A dentist will create a custom-made shell, or veneer, to cover the front of your tooth. (wikihow.com)
  • Your dentist will take an impression of your teeth and then have the partial denture specifically crafted for your mouth. (wikihow.com)
  • It's been a couple of weeks since I've been to the dentist, and while the infection hasn't returned, my tooth feels numb, which is the best way I can describe it. (medhelp.org)
  • We all get cavities and if you want to save teeth, you want to have good dental insurance and many people don't. (reuters.com)
  • Tooth decay can lead to cavities (dental caries), which are holes in your teeth. (medlineplus.gov)
  • What are the symptoms of tooth decay and cavities? (medlineplus.gov)
  • How are tooth decay and cavities diagnosed? (medlineplus.gov)
  • Dentists usually find tooth decay and cavities by looking at your teeth and probing them with dental instruments. (medlineplus.gov)
  • What are the treatments for tooth decay and cavities? (medlineplus.gov)
  • There are several treatments for tooth decay and cavities. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Frequent vomiting erodes tooth enamel and can lead to cavities. (webmd.com)
  • The bacteria produce acids that eat away at the enamel-the hard smooth outer surface of the tooth-eventually producing cavities in the enamel. (encyclopedia.com)
  • At this point the surface of the tooth begins to develop small pits or cavities. (encyclopedia.com)
  • texts attributed tooth decay and cavities to a "tooth worm. (encyclopedia.com)
  • There he noticed that the Native Americans he was treating had badly discolored teeth as well as a high number of cavities. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Your child's teeth are more susceptible to cavities caused by the sugar in these liquids while they are asleep due to a decrease in salivary flow. (prnewswire.com)
  • In one of the other five operatories, Dr. Mary McCabe, clinic dental director, sang "happy birthday" to Yoshbel Florencio, who would turn seven Feb. 5, while examining his teeth and finding "some cavities. (ada.org)
  • In dogs, the teeth are less likely than humans to form dental cavities because of the very high pH of dog saliva, which prevents enamel from demineralizing. (wikipedia.org)
  • If the damage to the tooth and/or an infection spreads to the pulp (inside of the tooth), you might need a root canal. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Pulp, the soft connective tissue in the center of your tooth. (medlineplus.gov)
  • The tooth pulp lies in the middle of the tooth. (washington.edu)
  • Although the pulp has several functions, including the formation of dentin, the sensory function of teeth is quite interesting. (washington.edu)
  • pulp - the soft center of the tooth. (enchantedlearning.com)
  • Dentin is softer than enamel and protects the pulp at the center of the tooth. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Once the tooth decay reaches the pulp, the person may experience pain when biting down on food or the more severe toothache. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Enamel covers the outside of the tooth and is the first barrier to protect the pulp. (kcl.ac.uk)
  • Each tooth is made of four types of tissue: pulp, dentin, enamel, and cementum. (kidshealth.org)
  • The pulp is the innermost portion of the tooth. (kidshealth.org)
  • Unlike the outer parts of the tooth, the pulp is soft. (kidshealth.org)
  • Each tooth is an organ consisting of three layers: the pulp, dentin, and enamel. (innerbody.com)
  • The pulp of the tooth is a vascular region of soft connective tissues in the middle of the tooth. (innerbody.com)
  • Stem cells known as odontoblasts form the dentin of the tooth at the edge of the pulp. (innerbody.com)
  • The structure of the dentin layer is very porous, allowing nutrients and materials produced in the pulp to spread through the tooth. (innerbody.com)
  • Modern emergency departments focus on reimplanting teeth as soon as possible, minimizing periodontal damage, and preventing infection of the pulp tissue. (medscape.com)
  • Qin M. [Pulp treatment of young permanent teeth after traumatic dental injury]. (medscape.com)
  • Surrounding the pulp and making up the greater bulk of the tooth is a hard, bony substance, dentin. (factmonster.com)
  • A widely accepted explanation of the process of tooth decay is that salivary bacteria convert carbohydrate particles in the mouth into lactic acid, which attacks the enamel, dentin, and, if left untreated, the pulp of the teeth. (factmonster.com)
  • In aardvarks, teeth lack enamel and have many pulp tubules, hence the name of the order Tubulidentata. (wikipedia.org)
  • These polyps are made of cementum in both species, but in human teeth, the protrusions are located on the outside of the root, while in whales the nodule is located on the inside of the pulp chamber. (wikipedia.org)
  • Adults have 32 permanent teeth. (washington.edu)
  • Our pagan ancestors believed that if they didn't keep Junior's teeth away from animals, his permanent teeth would grow in as fangs. (latimes.com)
  • People have two sets of teeth in their lives, the primary teeth (also called the baby, milk or deciduous teeth) and the permanent teeth (also called the adult or secondary teeth). (enchantedlearning.com)
  • they are replaced by the permanent teeth by about age 13. (enchantedlearning.com)
  • Primary teeth fall out and are replaced by 32 permanent teeth (also called the adult teeth). (enchantedlearning.com)
  • Read about primary and permanent teeth in this tooth-shaped worksheet and then answer four questions. (enchantedlearning.com)
  • Morbidity to the teeth may be individualized to primary or permanent teeth. (medscape.com)
  • Tsilingaridis G, Malmgren B, Skutberg C, Malmgren O. The effect of topical treatment with doxycycline compared to saline on 66 avulsed permanent teeth--a retrospective case-control study. (medscape.com)
  • The succedaneous teeth are the permanent teeth that replace the deciduous teeth. (wikipedia.org)
  • Cracked Teeth - Teeth may have microcracks that cause sensitivity when exposed to hot and cold temperatures, pressure, and air stimulation. (angelfire.com)
  • Overuse of the oxidizing agents can cause both gum and tooth sensitivity, and continued overuse may even leave some of your teeth looking translucent. (popularmechanics.com)
  • Still, many factors, including varying thickness of enamel, preexisting tooth sensitivity, and tooth discolorations resulting from decay, affect the results of whitening. (popularmechanics.com)
  • Ads for whitening are ubiquitous, toothpaste companies have responded to consumer claims for brighter teeth however these products can adversely affect tooth sensitivity. (everything2.com)
  • This bacteria can cause the discoloration, sensitivity, and roughened teeth that are hallmarks of enamel loss. (wikihow.com)
  • You go on to say that a temporary filling was put in a tooth (presumably another tooth, not the one with the abscess that was extracted), but an infection developed. (netdoctor.co.uk)
  • If the inflammation has spread to affect the jawbone underlying the tooth, the person may develop a pus-filled hollow known as an abscess. (encyclopedia.com)
  • So, a lot of times also, if you go to bed, especially if you're laying down, and you get to throbbing, almost feels like your heart beat is up in your chin, or your chest, I mean, up in your teeth, that is a sign sometimes of a dental abscess. (ehow.com)
  • If you allow that tartar to remain below the gum, it will cause bone loss of the jaw and eventually your teeth will loosen, not to mention it may get infected and cause an abscess. (medhelp.org)
  • How to relieve severe tooth pain from abscess until I can get a root canal? (drugs.com)
  • Coloured compounds from these sources are adsorbed into acquired dental pellicle or directly onto the surface of the tooth causing a stain to appear. (wikipedia.org)
  • enamel - the tough, shiny, white outer surface of the tooth. (enchantedlearning.com)
  • The bacterium sticks to the surface of the tooth and exists on certain types of carbohydrates . (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • Sometimes called cuspids, these teeth are shaped like points (cusps) and are used for tearing and grasping food Like human teeth, whale teeth have polyp-like protrusions located on the root surface of the tooth. (wikipedia.org)
  • While the roots of human teeth are made of cementum on the outer surface, whales have cementum on the entire surface of the tooth with a very small layer of enamel at the tip. (wikipedia.org)
  • As a result, he spent his life in frequent pain and employed a variety of tooth cleaners, dental medicines, and dentures. (mountvernon.org)
  • In addition to other established associations between dental health and risk of disease, our findings suggest that middle-aged adults who have lost two or more teeth in recent past could be at increased risk for cardiovascular disease," Dr. Lu Qi of Tulane University in New Orleans said in a statement. (reuters.com)
  • The relation between dental health such as tooth loss and cardiovascular risk remains unclear," Qi told Reuters Health by email. (reuters.com)
  • Peridontitis and gingivitis lead to tooth loss and the loss of a tooth is certainly the end-stage of dental disease," said Dr. Russell Luepker, an AHA spokesperson who was not involved in the study. (reuters.com)
  • So it's good to brush your teeth and it's good to have dental insurance," Luepker commented. (reuters.com)
  • Caries ( dental decay ) is a disease of the hard tissues of the teeth caused by an imbalance, over time, in the interactions between cariogenic bacteria in dental plaque and fermentable carbohydrates (mainly sugars). (cochrane.org)
  • Oral Health Surveillance Report: Trends in Dental Caries and Sealants, Tooth Retention, and Edentulism, United States, 1999-2004 to 2011-2016. (cdc.gov)
  • [1] For whitening treatment to be successful, dental professionals should correctly diagnose the type, intensity and location of the tooth discolouration . (wikipedia.org)
  • [1] In essence, tooth whitening primarily targets those intrinsic stains in which cannot be removed through mechanics such as a debridement (clean) or prophylaxis , in the dental office. (wikipedia.org)
  • [9] Prolonged dental plaque accumulation on the tooth surface can lead to enamel demineralisation and formation of white spot lesions which appear as an opaque milk-coloured lesion. (wikipedia.org)
  • Even in situations in which no obvious communication exists between the mouth and the impacted third molar there may be enough communication to initiate dental caries (tooth decay). (wikipedia.org)
  • Crowns may be placed on natural teeth or dental implants. (angelfire.com)
  • Primary care providers can educate their patients with chronic diseases about their increased risk for tooth loss, and screen and refer then for dental care. (cdc.gov)
  • Tooth decay, also known as dental caries , is a disorder of the mouth in which bacteria living in the mouth break down carbohydrates in food. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Skulls found in Asia dating from 7000 BCE have teeth that contain holes created by early dental drills. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Chief Executive of the British Dental Health Foundation, Dr Nigel Carter, has expressed major concerns following the latest study to show a relationship between tooth loss and dementia . (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • In the journal PLOS Biology , NIDCR grantees report they have deduced a network of dental genes in fishes called cichlids that likely were involved in building the first tooth half a billion years ago. (nih.gov)
  • Many dental researchers dream of one day stepping into the laboratory, putting out a detailed set of instructions, and engineering a replacement tooth. (nih.gov)
  • It is the premature wearing of teeth due to the softening of the dental enamel from dietary or gastric acids, combined with wear and tear. (kcl.ac.uk)
  • As part of this campaign, leading experts called on the dental profession to use the basic erosive tooth wear examination (BEWE) alongside the basic gum disease examination (BPE) as part of every oral assessment, to ensure early identification and prevention. (kcl.ac.uk)
  • A series of artworks and live experiments were used at the launch to showcase key causes of erosive tooth wear and how the dental profession can better serve patients by utilising this examination during patient consultations. (kcl.ac.uk)
  • Rupert Hoppenbrouwers, the head of the Dental Defence Union, the dentists' division of the MDU said: "When you consider the number of treatments carried out each year by dental professionals, treating the wrong tooth is comparatively rare. (telegraph.co.uk)
  • Dental decay can lead complications such as tooth loss so it's vital kids learn to brush properly to prevent later issues with their adult teeth. (telegraph.co.uk)
  • One of the most common dental procedures is the removal, or 'extraction,' of the human third molar-the 'wisdom' tooth. (prweb.com)
  • TM Prosthodontics, a Miami dental implants dentistry continuum, has announced a complete procedure program available to treat and extract impacted teeth. (prweb.com)
  • The teeth are then loosened using special dental tools, and then gently removed. (prweb.com)
  • Our aim was to analyze the association between smoking intensity and duration and tooth loss among middle-aged Finnish adults who have enjoyed access to subsidized dental care since childhood. (medscape.com)
  • Gender, education, tooth brushing frequency, dental plaque, diabetes and alcohol use served as explanatory variables for the adjusted models. (medscape.com)
  • We found a clear intensity- and duration-dependent relation between smoking and tooth loss among adults with access to subsidized dental care and in good oral health. (medscape.com)
  • ECC can be caused by the most obvious, not keeping up with basic dental care of children´s teeth, such as avoiding brushing and flossing after eating and drinking. (redorbit.com)
  • Tooth loss can be as a result of various causes like trauma, gum disease and dental decay. (wikihow.com)
  • A "completely uncooperative" child with baby bottle tooth decay was referred to the nearby St. Joseph Hospital Pediatric Dental Center for stainless steel crowns and extractions. (ada.org)
  • ROSEMONT, Ill. , April 27, 2016 /PRNewswire-USNewswire/ -- Eight dental specialties and three international OMS associations have signed on to the American Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons (AAOMS) White Paper on the Management of Third Molar Teeth , which advocates evidence-based guidelines for managing wisdom teeth. (prnewswire.com)
  • It stimulates new growth and counteracts the destructive process of dental resorption, which often means a damaged tooth has to be completely removed. (theregister.co.uk)
  • Dental bonding is the easiest, quickest, and most economical way to fix the gap between your teeth. (answers.com)
  • You should have regular dental check-ups so that any problems caused by your teeth grinding can be treated as soon as possible to prevent further damage. (www.nhs.uk)
  • Proper diet is necessary for the development and maintenance of sound teeth, especially sufficient calcium, phosphorus, and vitamins D and C. The most common disorder that affects the teeth is dental caries (tooth decay). (factmonster.com)
  • This can potentially damage the roots of nearby teeth or destroy the bone that supports your teeth. (colgate.com)
  • Occasionally, an impacted tooth causes sufficient pressure on the roots of adjacent teeth causing it to resorb . (wikipedia.org)
  • A few radiographs may be necessary to check the roots of the tooth receiving the crown and to evaluate the surrounding bone level. (angelfire.com)
  • There are up to four roots to a tooth. (netdoctor.co.uk)
  • Roots or teeth may start causing trouble in the gum after lying dormant for many years. (netdoctor.co.uk)
  • The roots and/or teeth are removed from inside the mouth. (netdoctor.co.uk)
  • The gum may need to be cut slightly to make access to the teeth/roots easier. (netdoctor.co.uk)
  • Roots are tapered structures resembling the roots of plants, and each tooth may have between one to three roots. (innerbody.com)
  • When an adult tooth erupts, it triggers the roots of the deciduous tooth above it to atrophy. (innerbody.com)
  • He took xrays, which looked like the tooth and roots were spared any infection/decay. (medhelp.org)
  • Among all mammals, the tooth consists of a crown, the portion visible in the mouth, and one or more roots embedded in a gum socket. (factmonster.com)
  • The teeth of mammals have deep roots, and this pattern is also found in some fish, and in crocodilians. (wikipedia.org)
  • Among adults with 25 to 32 natural teeth at the beginning of the study, those who lost two or more teeth during follow-up had a 23 percent increased risk of coronary heart disease compared with those who didn't lose any teeth. (reuters.com)
  • Adults with fewer than 17 natural teeth (vs. 25 to 32 natural teeth) at the outset were 25 percent more likely to develop coronary heart disease. (reuters.com)
  • Serious complications with wisdom teeth happen less often in younger adults. (colgate.com)
  • One quarter (26%) of adults aged 65 or older have 8 or fewer teeth. (cdc.gov)
  • About 1 in 6 (17%) adults aged 65 or older have lost all of their teeth. (cdc.gov)
  • Total tooth loss among adults aged 65 or older decreased by more than 30% from 27% in 1999-2004 to 17% in 2011-2016. (cdc.gov)
  • Older adults who are poor, have less than a high school education, or are current cigarette smokers are more than 3 times as likely to have lost all their teeth as the comparison groups. (cdc.gov)
  • Adults have 4 canine teeth (2 in the top jaw and 2 in the bottom jaw). (enchantedlearning.com)
  • Many adults also have untreated tooth decay-27 percent of those between the ages of thirty-five and forty-four, and 30 percent of those over sixty-five. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Gum disease is the major cause of tooth loss in adults but Dr Carter said that many people are still unaware of the relationship. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • Erosive Tooth Wear is the third most common oral condition - King's research found it affects up to 30% of European adults. (kcl.ac.uk)
  • Although nobody is predicting when it will be possible to grow teeth on demand, in adults, to replace missing ones, a common guess is five to ten years. (slashdot.org)
  • To help drive awareness, academics at King's, leaders of the Erosive Tooth Wear Foundation and GSK launched a unified campaign in July 2019. (kcl.ac.uk)
  • Retrieved on August 21, 2019 from https://www.news-medical.net/health/Charcot-Marie-Tooth-Disease-Diagnosis.aspx. (news-medical.net)
  • Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease (CMT) is a progressive motor and sensory neuropathy (nerve disorder) characterized by weakness and atrophy, primarily in the leg muscles. (healthcentral.com)
  • Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease is named for French neurologists Jean M. Charcot and Pierre Marie, and British neurologist Howard Tooth, who simultaneously described the disorder in 1866. (healthcentral.com)
  • The neuronal form of Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease normally appears after the age of 20. (healthcentral.com)
  • There is no known cure for Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease. (healthcentral.com)
  • Which type of Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease is it? (healthcentral.com)
  • A recent study found that using coconut oil could prevent tooth decay, but there's no science to support it leaving a sparkle. (webmd.com)
  • To help break down these barriers and ensure research from King's is translated into better health, King's Professor Bartlett, Head of Prosthodontics and Professor Nigel Pitt, Academic Lead for Impact worked with leading academics from across Europe, to establish the Erosive Tooth Wear Foundation in 2018, a registered UK charity. (kcl.ac.uk)
  • Pericoronitis is an infection of the soft tissue that covers the crown of an impacted tooth and is usually caused by the normal oral microbiota . (wikipedia.org)
  • If tooth decay is not treated, it can cause pain, infection, and even tooth loss. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Find out what happens when you have an operation to remove a root of a tooth because they are causing mouth infections, are causing pain, and if it is no longer possible to repair them or make them infection-free. (netdoctor.co.uk)
  • Which antibiotics are best for tooth infection cephalexin or clindamycin? (drugs.com)
  • Will doxycycline work for tooth infection? (drugs.com)
  • Ciprofloxacin - does it work for teeth infection? (drugs.com)
  • Flossing gets rid of food and bacteria that could harden into plaque, which makes your teeth look dull and darker. (webmd.com)
  • [8] Although usually virtually invisible on the tooth surface, plaque may become stained by chromogenic bacteria such as Actinomyces species. (wikipedia.org)
  • Even this minor amount of inflammation can provide bacteria access to a larger portion of the root surface that results in early formation of periodontitis compromising the tooth. (wikipedia.org)
  • Tooth decay begins with plaque, a thin film that is a mixture of saliva, bacteria, and dead cells from the tissues that line the mouth. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Coconut oil, a natural antibiotic when digested, destroys the bacteria that cause tooth decay , researchers at the Athlone Institute of Technology, Ireland, reported at the Society for General Microbiology's autumn conference at the University of Warwick, England, today. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • Dr Damien Brady and team set out to determine whether coconut oil might have antibacterial qualities at combating some strains of Streptococcus bacteria which commonly inhabit the human mouth and cause tooth decay. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • Avoid the sugary, starchy, and acidic foods and drinks are those most likely to create the bacteria on your teeth that becomes acidic and attacks tooth enamel. (wikihow.com)
  • Gum with the natural sweetener xylitol doesn't feed the bacteria that weakens your enamel, and xylitol has actually been shown to strengthen tooth enamel. (wikihow.com)
  • One study found that painting an over-the-counter gel with 6% hydrogen peroxide on teeth made a noticeable difference after 2 weeks. (webmd.com)
  • When it diffuses into the tooth, hydrogen peroxide acts as an oxidising agent that breaks down to produce unstable free radicals . (wikipedia.org)
  • Despite the variety of remedies, it is always the same substance that bleaches your teeth: hydrogen peroxide, the same material that lightens hair. (amazonaws.com)
  • Brush too soon after meals and you'll end up scrubbing away tooth enamel in the process. (popularmechanics.com)
  • In fact, according to a survey of parents conducted by the Ad Council, fewer than half of children in the U.S. brush their teeth twice a day or more. (prnewswire.com)
  • Allow your child to watch you brush your teeth to teach the importance of good oral hygiene. (prnewswire.com)
  • Even if you have a loose tooth, you should still brush your teeth. (answers.com)
  • It may hurt, but if you want to, don't brush the tooth that is loose. (answers.com)
  • Tooth soap, sold as a liquid or small strips you place on your brush, does a decent job of cleaning your teeth however it remains ridiculously overpriced. (everything2.com)
  • Getting children to brush their teeth is a common problem for parents and an cause a great deal of stress. (telegraph.co.uk)
  • Worryingly, two per cent of mums confess their kids never brush their teeth while 24 per cent said their children use a toothbrush just once a day. (telegraph.co.uk)
  • Every mum knows how hard it is to get children to brush their teeth but these results show how important this really is. (telegraph.co.uk)
  • 5) Brush your teeth at the same time because kids love to copy their parents. (telegraph.co.uk)
  • 10) Let your child brush their favourite toy's teeth. (telegraph.co.uk)
  • It could also be in fluoridated toothpaste or mouthwash.Brush your teeth properly with a soft-bristled toothbrush in a brisk circular motion for 2 minutes. (wikihow.com)
  • You can brush remineralizing gel on your teeth if it comes in a pen or you can put it in teeth whitening trays and apply it to your teeth. (wikihow.com)
  • While many teas contain nutrients that your body wants, you'll want to be careful to brush your teeth often and thoroughly to avoid tea stains. (wikihow.com)
  • No sooner had Jasmine Tornez, age 3, heard the words "I'm going to brush your teeth today" than the tears flowed. (ada.org)
  • It is made of connective tissue, nerves, and blood vessels, which nourish the tooth. (kidshealth.org)
  • Even worse, the citric acid in strawberries can break down enamel, the outer shell of your tooth. (webmd.com)
  • Enamel is the thin outer covering of the tooth . (webmd.com)
  • What is the name of the hard, white, outer layer of a tooth? (enchantedlearning.com)
  • It occurs when the outer layer (enamel) of the tooth slowly dissolves. (kcl.ac.uk)
  • Most nonmammalian vertebrates do not have the outer layer of enamel on their teeth, but instead have a substance known as vitrodentine, similar to dentine, though much harder. (factmonster.com)
  • In most teleost fish, however, the teeth are attached to the outer surface of the bone, while in lizards they are attached to the inner surface of the jaw by one side. (wikipedia.org)
  • [5] This can be attributed to secondary dentin formation and thinning of enamel due to tooth wear which contributes to a significant decrease in lightness and increase in yellowness. (wikipedia.org)
  • The enamel surrounds another layer of the tooth called the dentin . (washington.edu)
  • dentin - the hard but porous tissue located under both the enamel and cementum of the tooth. (enchantedlearning.com)
  • But the main portion of the tooth , the dentin, is the part that's responsible for your tooth color -- whether white, off white, grey, or yellowish. (webmd.com)
  • Just for the record, children usually have 20 baby teeth (also called milk teeth). (washington.edu)
  • The binding of S. mutans to tooth enamel was significantly reduced when teeth were exposed to enzyme-modified milk, one study had shown. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • The adult carnassial/shearing tooth (inside, right) can also be seen alongside the milk tooth. (eurekalert.org)
  • In humans, the first set (the "baby," "milk," "primary" or "deciduous" set) normally starts to appear at about six months of age, although some babies are born with one or more visible teeth, known as neonatal teeth. (wikipedia.org)
  • Some dentists believe that impacted teeth should be removed [1] except, in certain cases, canine teeth: canines may just remain buried and give no further problems, thus not requiring surgical intervention. (wikipedia.org)
  • Tooth loss is preventable. (cdc.gov)
  • As a preventable condition, researchers have found that some people have habits which increase both the duration and the force that the acids are in contact with teeth, such as holding drinks in their mouth, or sipping them over long periods of time. (kcl.ac.uk)
  • The long, sharp canine teeth tear up food (like meat). (enchantedlearning.com)
  • Canine teeth, also known as cuspids, are sharply pointed, cone-shaped teeth that are used for ripping tough material like meat. (innerbody.com)
  • Carnivores, on the other hand, have canine teeth to kill prey and to tear meat. (wikipedia.org)
  • Teeth may become impacted because of adjacent teeth, dense overlying bone, excessive soft tissue or a genetic abnormality. (wikipedia.org)
  • An impacted tooth occupies space that is usually filled with bone. (wikipedia.org)
  • They engraved images on ivory, whalebone, whale teeth, wood and shells, and carved items of bone and exotic woods. (angelfire.com)
  • The quality of scrimshaw ranges from crude scratchings on teeth or bone to exquisite examples of fine craftsmanship with the majority falling somewhere in between. (angelfire.com)
  • Tooth or Bone? (angelfire.com)
  • cementum - a layer of tough, yellowish, bone-like tissue that covers the root of a tooth. (enchantedlearning.com)
  • Unlike a broken bone that can be repaired by the body, once a tooth chips or breaks, the damage is done forever. (webmd.com)
  • The root of a tooth is that part embedded in the upper or lower jaw bone. (netdoctor.co.uk)
  • The same applies to a tooth that has stayed in the jaw bone without growing out properly - an unerupted or impacted tooth. (netdoctor.co.uk)
  • A small amount of bone may have to be taken away to loosen the tooth/root. (netdoctor.co.uk)
  • teeth, hard, calcified structures embedded in the bone of the jaws of vertebrates that perform the primary function of mastication. (factmonster.com)
  • Teeth are not made of bone, but rather of multiple tissues of varying density and hardness that originate from the embryonic germ layer, the ectoderm. (wikipedia.org)
  • Wisdom teeth are the four permanent adult teeth located at the back corners of your mouth on the top and bottom. (colgate.com)
  • adult teeth, 3. (enchantedlearning.com)
  • Baby teeth fill the child's tiny jaws and allow the child to chew food while larger, stronger adult teeth develop inside the mandible and maxilla bones. (innerbody.com)
  • At about six years of age the deciduous teeth are slowly shed one at a time and replaced by permanent adult teeth. (innerbody.com)
  • Adult teeth develop while hidden within the maxilla and mandible after the deciduous teeth have erupted. (innerbody.com)
  • The adult teeth are arranged in both the upper and lower jaws from the midline of the mouth as follows: central incisor, lateral incisor, canine (cuspid), first premolar (bicuspid), second premolar, first molar, second molar, and third molar. (innerbody.com)
  • Although none of the trials included in the review looked at fluorosis or mottling of the children's teeth, fluorosis may be an unwanted result of using fluoride toothpaste in young children and a Cochrane review on this topic has also been published. (cochrane.org)
  • incisor - a type of tooth with a narrow edge (in humans, the front teeth). (enchantedlearning.com)
  • The rate of tooth decay among humans increased rapidly after 1850 CE , when people began to eat larger quantities of refined sugar, refined flour, and other sweet and sticky foods. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Dogs loose their teeth just like humans do. (answers.com)
  • Wisdom teeth are not essential today, but some people believe they evolved thousands of years ago when humans had larger jaws and their diets consisted of mostly raw foods that required extra chewing power. (kidshealth.org)
  • Also, don't forget to go vote for Tooth and Tail for Best Strategy Game in the 2017 Game Awards! (steampowered.com)
  • Tooth and Tail nominated for Best Strategy Game in 2017 Game Awards - VOTE NOW! (steampowered.com)
  • On the front of her skirt she has a little pocket which is just the right size for popping a baby tooth in. (etsy.com)
  • A loose baby tooth that is turning gray or black is a dead tooth. (answers.com)
  • If you are young (under 12 or 13 years old) and if you haven't hit the tooth lately, then it's probably a baby tooth. (answers.com)
  • you can just wait, or spin your baby tooth around to make it loose enough to fall out (or you just pull it out! (answers.com)
  • This causes the baby tooth to become loose and eventually fall out. (innerbody.com)
  • Contrary to later legend, none of Washington's false teeth were made of wood. (mountvernon.org)
  • Presently, a few of Washington's false teeth still exist. (mountvernon.org)
  • 6) Get an older family member to surprise your kids with their false teeth and a story about how theirs fell out as it's a good incentive to get kids brushing. (telegraph.co.uk)
  • While it may not be a vicious saber tooth tiger licking its chops and closing in for the kill, there are many figurative "saber tooth tigers" looming in our minds. (psychologytoday.com)
  • Molded to a child's teeth, the night guard is similar to the mouthpieces athletes wear to protect their teeth. (kidshealth.org)
  • Floss or interdental cleaners should be used regularly to remove plaque from the crown area where the gum meets the tooth. (angelfire.com)
  • Help tots floss their teeth. (prnewswire.com)
  • put[ting] natural teeth instead of false," but no definitive evidence indicates he attempted such operations on Washington. (mountvernon.org)
  • Reuters Health) - Losing two or more natural teeth in middle age may signal an increased risk for coronary heart disease, a U.S. study suggests. (reuters.com)
  • That's regardless of the number of natural teeth a person has as a middle-aged adult, or whether they have traditional risk factors for cardiovascular disease, such as poor diet or high blood pressure. (reuters.com)
  • They were asked about the number of natural teeth first in 1986 in the HPFS, and in 1992 in the NHS. (reuters.com)
  • Regardless of the number of natural teeth at start of the study, the risk of coronary heart disease increased 16 percent among those losing two or more teeth during the study period compared with those who didn't lose any teeth. (reuters.com)
  • The main disadvantage is that the color match to natural teeth is not quite as lifelike as with ceramic crowns. (angelfire.com)
  • Natural teeth treat light in a way that artificial structures can't compete with. (everything2.com)
  • If teeth-grinding and clenching make a child's face and jaw sore or damage the teeth, dentists may prescribe a special night guard. (kidshealth.org)
  • Patients are claiming up to £40,000 each in compensation from dentists who have extracted the wrong tooth, lawyers said yesterday. (telegraph.co.uk)
  • Dentists often require the patient to wear braces to re-align the position of the tooth. (answers.com)
  • This occurs chemically when acidic content hits the tooth surface such as with certain medications like aspirin or vitamin C tablets, highly acidic foods, GERD, and frequent vomiting from bulimia or alcoholism . (webmd.com)
  • In a healthy mouth , calcium -rich saliva helps strengthen teeth, even if you drink an acidic soda or juice. (webmd.com)
  • Yet when you go overboard and ingest a lot of acidic foods and beverages, this strengthening process on the teeth no longer occurs. (webmd.com)
  • The acidic environment in your mouth temporarily softens the enamel on teeth while it breaks down food particles and washes them away. (popularmechanics.com)
  • Those who consumed acidic drinks twice a day between meals, such as soft drinks, water with a slice of lemon or hot fruit flavoured teas, were more than 11 times more likely to have moderate or severe tooth erosion. (kcl.ac.uk)
  • While it is possible for acidic damage in the enamel to be repaired in the right conditions, severe Erosive Tooth Wear reduces quality of life and can mean complex and costly procedures, costing up to £30,000 per patient. (kcl.ac.uk)
  • The published research show that regurgitated or vomited stomach contents are highly acidic and repeated contact with tooth enamel results in erosive tooth wear. (kcl.ac.uk)
  • Toothpastes containing at least 1000 parts per million (ppm) fluoride are effective at preventing tooth decay in children, which supports the current international standard level recommended. (cochrane.org)
  • The inducer is targeted to "massage" the root of a tooth injured either mechanically or by disease. (theregister.co.uk)
  • Not only does saliva increase the health of the body tissues, it protects enamel by coating the teeth in protective calcium and other minerals. (webmd.com)
  • Yet, even as these molecular parts are identified, scientists must begin to solve the larger puzzles of how they self assemble to form the tooth's various specialized tissues, such as enamel and tooth. (nih.gov)
  • Study of a tooth plate of a fossil of the extinct fish Romundina stellina showed that the teeth and scales were made of the same tissues, also found in mammal teeth, lending support to the theory that teeth evolved as a modification of scales. (wikipedia.org)
  • Normal tooth eruption at about six months is known as teething and can be painful. (wikipedia.org)
  • A cavity is a hole in your tooth. (medlineplus.gov)
  • If you have ever had a cracked tooth or had a cavity in a tooth, you know that the message sent to the brain by the teeth is PAIN!!! . (washington.edu)
  • S. mutans commonly inhabits the human oral cavity and is the leading cause of tooth decay globally. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • The teeth are a group of hard organs found in the oral cavity. (innerbody.com)
  • While we chew food, the tongue pushes the food to the teeth and saliva helps digestion and wets the food. (enchantedlearning.com)
  • Saliva plays a key role in keeping teeth healthy and strong. (webmd.com)
  • Under normal circumstances, minerals lost from the tooth surface are replaced by the saliva. (encyclopedia.com)
  • When this happens, the acids in plaque start to eat away at the healthy minerals in the tooth enamel . (webmd.com)
  • Plaque builds up on teeth if it is not removed by regular flossing and brushing, eventually hardening into a whitish substance called tartar. (encyclopedia.com)
  • It may be the tooth or it may be the tartar/plaque that is buidling up in that area. (medhelp.org)
  • If it is just plaque, I'll peel it off, I just don't want to lose my teeth. (medhelp.org)
  • You would think the white ones would be best, but they made it look like you had plaque all over your teeth. (answers.com)
  • This language is fought over tooth and nail by people on the, you know, gun control side and the gun ownership side. (nationalreview.com)
  • Roberts's argument here is simple: That statutes that are "fought over tooth and nail by people" should be looked at more critically by the court that those that are passed with unanimous consent. (nationalreview.com)
  • Billy Bragg's long-awaited new album, "Tooth & Nail," isn't due out until March 19, but Billboard premieres a full audio stream today (March 13). (billboard.com)
  • In this album, the focus is on the struggle to maintain a relationship with those that we love the most," the oft-political Bragg says of the more inter-personal focus of "Tooth & Nail. (billboard.com)
  • The sense of musical spontaneity audible on "Tooth & Nail" derives at least in part from the fact that producer (and noted singer/songwriter) Joe Henry captured Bragg and the four-piece band -- which includes pedal steel guitarist Greg Leisz, keyboardist Patrick Warren, drummer Jay Bellerose and bassist David Piltch -- performing the songs live in the studio over the course of only five days. (billboard.com)
  • Bragg will be translating the live-to-tape sound of the "Tooth & Nail" songs live to audiences with an extensive tour of North America and his native U.K. that begins tonight in Austin, Texas at SXSW and runs through August before picking back up in England in November. (billboard.com)
  • Erupted teeth that are adjacent to impacted teeth are predisposed to periodontal disease . (wikipedia.org)
  • Long-term sequelae include shifting of remaining teeth with resulting misalignment and periodontal disease. (medscape.com)
  • The primary outcome was caries increment in the permanent or deciduous dentition as measured by the change in decayed, (missing), filled tooth surfaces (D(M)FS/d(m)fs) from baseline. (cochrane.org)
  • [9] The primary factor determining the difficulty is accessibility, which is determined by adjacent teeth or other structures that impair access or delivery pathway. (wikipedia.org)
  • Then the primary tooth becomes loose and falls out. (enchantedlearning.com)
  • The primary goal of rapid reimplantation is to preserve the periodontal ligament, not the tooth. (medscape.com)
  • These raise the risk of decay on the exposed root surfaces of their teeth. (medlineplus.gov)
  • The surfaces of human teeth are basically composed of minerals that are sensitive to acid. (encyclopedia.com)
  • This is the best way to cover all surfaces of your teeth. (wikihow.com)
  • Removing impacted wisdom teeth helps reduce the risk of future problems, and people who choose to have wisdom tooth extractions rarely have serious complications. (colgate.com)
  • Extractions (pulling teeth) for teeth that are impacted and causing problems or are too damaged to be fixed. (medlineplus.gov)
  • In a survey they identified 143 treatments on the wrong tooth, over a decade, of which 83 per cent were extractions. (telegraph.co.uk)
  • He began to investigate the cause of tooth decay in 1915 while working for the federal government 's Indian Medical Service in Tucson, Arizona. (encyclopedia.com)
  • this decrease is attributed to improved patient education about care of the mouth and teeth, and to such preventive practices as adding fluoride to the water supply . (encyclopedia.com)
  • Your mouth and teeth form your smile, which is often the first thing people notice when they look at you. (kidshealth.org)
  • Read on to find out how each aspect of the mouth and teeth plays a role in our daily lives. (kidshealth.org)
  • Tooth erosion happens when acids wear away the enamel on teeth. (webmd.com)
  • This is natural tooth-to-tooth friction that happens when you clench or grind your teeth such as with bruxism , which often occurs involuntary during sleep . (webmd.com)
  • If you grind your teeth while you're asleep, it may help to wear a mouth guard or mouth splint at night. (www.nhs.uk)
  • If you're awake when you grind your teeth you might find it useful to record how often you grind your teeth each day. (www.nhs.uk)