DNA Transposable Elements: Discrete segments of DNA which can excise and reintegrate to another site in the genome. Most are inactive, i.e., have not been found to exist outside the integrated state. DNA transposable elements include bacterial IS (insertion sequence) elements, Tn elements, the maize controlling elements Ac and Ds, Drosophila P, gypsy, and pogo elements, the human Tigger elements and the Tc and mariner elements which are found throughout the animal kingdom.Response Elements: Nucleotide sequences, usually upstream, which are recognized by specific regulatory transcription factors, thereby causing gene response to various regulatory agents. These elements may be found in both promoter and enhancer regions.Enhancer Elements, Genetic: Cis-acting DNA sequences which can increase transcription of genes. Enhancers can usually function in either orientation and at various distances from a promoter.Promoter Regions, Genetic: DNA sequences which are recognized (directly or indirectly) and bound by a DNA-dependent RNA polymerase during the initiation of transcription. Highly conserved sequences within the promoter include the Pribnow box in bacteria and the TATA BOX in eukaryotes.Trace Elements: A group of chemical elements that are needed in minute quantities for the proper growth, development, and physiology of an organism. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)Regulatory Sequences, Nucleic Acid: Nucleic acid sequences involved in regulating the expression of genes.Finite Element Analysis: A computer based method of simulating or analyzing the behavior of structures or components.Transcription, Genetic: The biosynthesis of RNA carried out on a template of DNA. The biosynthesis of DNA from an RNA template is called REVERSE TRANSCRIPTION.Elements: Substances that comprise all matter. Each element is made up of atoms that are identical in number of electrons and protons and in nuclear charge, but may differ in mass or number of neutrons.Base Sequence: The sequence of PURINES and PYRIMIDINES in nucleic acids and polynucleotides. It is also called nucleotide sequence.Alu Elements: The Alu sequence family (named for the restriction endonuclease cleavage enzyme Alu I) is the most highly repeated interspersed repeat element in humans (over a million copies). It is derived from the 7SL RNA component of the SIGNAL RECOGNITION PARTICLE and contains an RNA polymerase III promoter. Transposition of this element into coding and regulatory regions of genes is responsible for many heritable diseases.Molecular Sequence Data: Descriptions of specific amino acid, carbohydrate, or nucleotide sequences which have appeared in the published literature and/or are deposited in and maintained by databanks such as GENBANK, European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), National Biomedical Research Foundation (NBRF), or other sequence repositories.Transcription Factors: Endogenous substances, usually proteins, which are effective in the initiation, stimulation, or termination of the genetic transcription process.DNA-Binding Proteins: Proteins which bind to DNA. The family includes proteins which bind to both double- and single-stranded DNA and also includes specific DNA binding proteins in serum which can be used as markers for malignant diseases.Regulatory Elements, Transcriptional: Nucleotide sequences of a gene that are involved in the regulation of GENETIC TRANSCRIPTION.Long Interspersed Nucleotide Elements: Highly repeated sequences, 6K-8K base pairs in length, which contain RNA polymerase II promoters. They also have an open reading frame that is related to the reverse transcriptase of retroviruses but they do not contain LTRs (long terminal repeats). Copies of the LINE 1 (L1) family form about 15% of the human genome. The jockey elements of Drosophila are LINEs.Gene Expression Regulation: Any of the processes by which nuclear, cytoplasmic, or intercellular factors influence the differential control (induction or repression) of gene action at the level of transcription or translation.Binding Sites: The parts of a macromolecule that directly participate in its specific combination with another molecule.Short Interspersed Nucleotide Elements: Highly repeated sequences, 100-300 bases long, which contain RNA polymerase III promoters. The primate Alu (ALU ELEMENTS) and the rodent B1 SINEs are derived from 7SL RNA, the RNA component of the signal recognition particle. Most other SINEs are derived from tRNAs including the MIRs (mammalian-wide interspersed repeats).Repetitive Sequences, Nucleic Acid: Sequences of DNA or RNA that occur in multiple copies. There are several types: INTERSPERSED REPETITIVE SEQUENCES are copies of transposable elements (DNA TRANSPOSABLE ELEMENTS or RETROELEMENTS) dispersed throughout the genome. TERMINAL REPEAT SEQUENCES flank both ends of another sequence, for example, the long terminal repeats (LTRs) on RETROVIRUSES. Variations may be direct repeats, those occurring in the same direction, or inverted repeats, those opposite to each other in direction. TANDEM REPEAT SEQUENCES are copies which lie adjacent to each other, direct or inverted (INVERTED REPEAT SEQUENCES).Sequence Homology, Nucleic Acid: The sequential correspondence of nucleotides in one nucleic acid molecule with those of another nucleic acid molecule. Sequence homology is an indication of the genetic relatedness of different organisms and gene function.DNA: A deoxyribonucleotide polymer that is the primary genetic material of all cells. Eukaryotic and prokaryotic organisms normally contain DNA in a double-stranded state, yet several important biological processes transiently involve single-stranded regions. DNA, which consists of a polysugar-phosphate backbone possessing projections of purines (adenine and guanine) and pyrimidines (thymine and cytosine), forms a double helix that is held together by hydrogen bonds between these purines and pyrimidines (adenine to thymine and guanine to cytosine).Plasmids: Extrachromosomal, usually CIRCULAR DNA molecules that are self-replicating and transferable from one organism to another. They are found in a variety of bacterial, archaeal, fungal, algal, and plant species. They are used in GENETIC ENGINEERING as CLONING VECTORS.Amino Acid Sequence: The order of amino acids as they occur in a polypeptide chain. This is referred to as the primary structure of proteins. It is of fundamental importance in determining PROTEIN CONFORMATION.Software: Sequential operating programs and data which instruct the functioning of a digital computer.RNA, Messenger: RNA sequences that serve as templates for protein synthesis. Bacterial mRNAs are generally primary transcripts in that they do not require post-transcriptional processing. Eukaryotic mRNA is synthesized in the nucleus and must be exported to the cytoplasm for translation. Most eukaryotic mRNAs have a sequence of polyadenylic acid at the 3' end, referred to as the poly(A) tail. The function of this tail is not known for certain, but it may play a role in the export of mature mRNA from the nucleus as well as in helping stabilize some mRNA molecules by retarding their degradation in the cytoplasm.Cell Line: Established cell cultures that have the potential to propagate indefinitely.Mutation: Any detectable and heritable change in the genetic material that causes a change in the GENOTYPE and which is transmitted to daughter cells and to succeeding generations.Genes, Reporter: Genes whose expression is easily detectable and therefore used to study promoter activity at many positions in a target genome. In recombinant DNA technology, these genes may be attached to a promoter region of interest.Sequence Analysis, DNA: A multistage process that includes cloning, physical mapping, subcloning, determination of the DNA SEQUENCE, and information analysis.Transfection: The uptake of naked or purified DNA by CELLS, usually meaning the process as it occurs in eukaryotic cells. It is analogous to bacterial transformation (TRANSFORMATION, BACTERIAL) and both are routinely employed in GENE TRANSFER TECHNIQUES.Cloning, Molecular: The insertion of recombinant DNA molecules from prokaryotic and/or eukaryotic sources into a replicating vehicle, such as a plasmid or virus vector, and the introduction of the resultant hybrid molecules into recipient cells without altering the viability of those cells.Retroelements: Elements that are transcribed into RNA, reverse-transcribed into DNA and then inserted into a new site in the genome. Long terminal repeats (LTRs) similar to those from retroviruses are contained in retrotransposons and retrovirus-like elements. Retroposons, such as LONG INTERSPERSED NUCLEOTIDE ELEMENTS and SHORT INTERSPERSED NUCLEOTIDE ELEMENTS do not contain LTRs.Protein Binding: The process in which substances, either endogenous or exogenous, bind to proteins, peptides, enzymes, protein precursors, or allied compounds. Specific protein-binding measures are often used as assays in diagnostic assessments.Sequence Alignment: The arrangement of two or more amino acid or base sequences from an organism or organisms in such a way as to align areas of the sequences sharing common properties. The degree of relatedness or homology between the sequences is predicted computationally or statistically based on weights assigned to the elements aligned between the sequences. This in turn can serve as a potential indicator of the genetic relatedness between the organisms.Restriction Mapping: Use of restriction endonucleases to analyze and generate a physical map of genomes, genes, or other segments of DNA.Conserved Sequence: A sequence of amino acids in a polypeptide or of nucleotides in DNA or RNA that is similar across multiple species. A known set of conserved sequences is represented by a CONSENSUS SEQUENCE. AMINO ACID MOTIFS are often composed of conserved sequences.Nuclear Proteins: Proteins found in the nucleus of a cell. Do not confuse with NUCLEOPROTEINS which are proteins conjugated with nucleic acids, that are not necessarily present in the nucleus.Chloramphenicol O-Acetyltransferase: An enzyme that catalyzes the acetylation of chloramphenicol to yield chloramphenicol 3-acetate. Since chloramphenicol 3-acetate does not bind to bacterial ribosomes and is not an inhibitor of peptidyltransferase, the enzyme is responsible for the naturally occurring chloramphenicol resistance in bacteria. The enzyme, for which variants are known, is found in both gram-negative and gram-positive bacteria. EC 2.3.1.28.Transcriptional Activation: Processes that stimulate the GENETIC TRANSCRIPTION of a gene or set of genes.Nucleic Acid Conformation: The spatial arrangement of the atoms of a nucleic acid or polynucleotide that results in its characteristic 3-dimensional shape.Genes, Regulator: Genes which regulate or circumscribe the activity of other genes; specifically, genes which code for PROTEINS or RNAs which have GENE EXPRESSION REGULATION functions.DNA Primers: Short sequences (generally about 10 base pairs) of DNA that are complementary to sequences of messenger RNA and allow reverse transcriptases to start copying the adjacent sequences of mRNA. Primers are used extensively in genetic and molecular biology techniques.Introns: Sequences of DNA in the genes that are located between the EXONS. They are transcribed along with the exons but are removed from the primary gene transcript by RNA SPLICING to leave mature RNA. Some introns code for separate genes.Sequence Deletion: Deletion of sequences of nucleic acids from the genetic material of an individual.Tool Use Behavior: Modifying, carrying, or manipulating an item external to itself by an animal, before using it to effect a change on the environment or itself (from Beck, Animal Tool Behavior, 1980).Computational Biology: A field of biology concerned with the development of techniques for the collection and manipulation of biological data, and the use of such data to make biological discoveries or predictions. This field encompasses all computational methods and theories for solving biological problems including manipulation of models and datasets.Phylogeny: The relationships of groups of organisms as reflected by their genetic makeup.Algorithms: A procedure consisting of a sequence of algebraic formulas and/or logical steps to calculate or determine a given task.Consensus Sequence: A theoretical representative nucleotide or amino acid sequence in which each nucleotide or amino acid is the one which occurs most frequently at that site in the different sequences which occur in nature. The phrase also refers to an actual sequence which approximates the theoretical consensus. A known CONSERVED SEQUENCE set is represented by a consensus sequence. Commonly observed supersecondary protein structures (AMINO ACID MOTIFS) are often formed by conserved sequences.Transposases: Enzymes that recombine DNA segments by a process which involves the formation of a synapse between two DNA helices, the cleavage of single strands from each DNA helix and the ligation of a DNA strand from one DNA helix to the other. The resulting DNA structure is called a Holliday junction which can be resolved by DNA REPLICATION or by HOLLIDAY JUNCTION RESOLVASES.HeLa Cells: The first continuously cultured human malignant CELL LINE, derived from the cervical carcinoma of Henrietta Lacks. These cells are used for VIRUS CULTIVATION and antitumor drug screening assays.Internet: A loose confederation of computer communication networks around the world. The networks that make up the Internet are connected through several backbone networks. The Internet grew out of the US Government ARPAnet project and was designed to facilitate information exchange.Models, Genetic: Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of genetic processes or phenomena. They include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.Drosophila melanogaster: A species of fruit fly much used in genetics because of the large size of its chromosomes.Polymerase Chain Reaction: In vitro method for producing large amounts of specific DNA or RNA fragments of defined length and sequence from small amounts of short oligonucleotide flanking sequences (primers). The essential steps include thermal denaturation of the double-stranded target molecules, annealing of the primers to their complementary sequences, and extension of the annealed primers by enzymatic synthesis with DNA polymerase. The reaction is efficient, specific, and extremely sensitive. Uses for the reaction include disease diagnosis, detection of difficult-to-isolate pathogens, mutation analysis, genetic testing, DNA sequencing, and analyzing evolutionary relationships.Insulator Elements: Nucleic acid regulatory sequences that limit or oppose the action of ENHANCER ELEMENTS and define the boundary between differentially regulated gene loci.Interspersed Repetitive Sequences: Copies of transposable elements interspersed throughout the genome, some of which are still active and often referred to as "jumping genes". There are two classes of interspersed repetitive elements. Class I elements (or RETROELEMENTS - such as retrotransposons, retroviruses, LONG INTERSPERSED NUCLEOTIDE ELEMENTS and SHORT INTERSPERSED NUCLEOTIDE ELEMENTS) transpose via reverse transcription of an RNA intermediate. Class II elements (or DNA TRANSPOSABLE ELEMENTS - such as transposons, Tn elements, insertion sequence elements and mobile gene cassettes of bacterial integrons) transpose directly from one site in the DNA to another.Chromosome Mapping: Any method used for determining the location of and relative distances between genes on a chromosome.Luciferases: Enzymes that oxidize certain LUMINESCENT AGENTS to emit light (PHYSICAL LUMINESCENCE). The luciferases from different organisms have evolved differently so have different structures and substrates.Recombinant Fusion Proteins: Recombinant proteins produced by the GENETIC TRANSLATION of fused genes formed by the combination of NUCLEIC ACID REGULATORY SEQUENCES of one or more genes with the protein coding sequences of one or more genes.Models, Biological: Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of biological processes or diseases. For disease models in living animals, DISEASE MODELS, ANIMAL is available. Biological models include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.DNA Footprinting: A method for determining the sequence specificity of DNA-binding proteins. DNA footprinting utilizes a DNA damaging agent (either a chemical reagent or a nuclease) which cleaves DNA at every base pair. DNA cleavage is inhibited where the ligand binds to DNA. (from Rieger et al., Glossary of Genetics: Classical and Molecular, 5th ed)3' Untranslated Regions: The sequence at the 3' end of messenger RNA that does not code for product. This region contains transcription and translation regulating sequences.Regulatory Sequences, Ribonucleic Acid: Sequences within RNA that regulate the processing, stability (RNA STABILITY) or translation (TRANSLATION, GENETIC) of RNA.Genomics: The systematic study of the complete DNA sequences (GENOME) of organisms.Repressor Proteins: Proteins which maintain the transcriptional quiescence of specific GENES or OPERONS. Classical repressor proteins are DNA-binding proteins that are normally bound to the OPERATOR REGION of an operon, or the ENHANCER SEQUENCES of a gene until a signal occurs that causes their release.Mutagenesis, Insertional: Mutagenesis where the mutation is caused by the introduction of foreign DNA sequences into a gene or extragenic sequence. This may occur spontaneously in vivo or be experimentally induced in vivo or in vitro. Proviral DNA insertions into or adjacent to a cellular proto-oncogene can interrupt GENETIC TRANSLATION of the coding sequences or interfere with recognition of regulatory elements and cause unregulated expression of the proto-oncogene resulting in tumor formation.Mutagenesis, Site-Directed: Genetically engineered MUTAGENESIS at a specific site in the DNA molecule that introduces a base substitution, or an insertion or deletion.Deoxyribonuclease I: An enzyme capable of hydrolyzing highly polymerized DNA by splitting phosphodiester linkages, preferentially adjacent to a pyrimidine nucleotide. This catalyzes endonucleolytic cleavage of DNA yielding 5'-phosphodi- and oligonucleotide end-products. The enzyme has a preference for double-stranded DNA.Silencer Elements, Transcriptional: Nucleic acid sequences that are involved in the negative regulation of GENETIC TRANSCRIPTION by chromatin silencing.Trans-Activators: Diffusible gene products that act on homologous or heterologous molecules of viral or cellular DNA to regulate the expression of proteins.Terminal Repeat Sequences: Nucleotide sequences repeated on both the 5' and 3' ends of a sequence under consideration. For example, the hallmarks of a transposon are that it is flanked by inverted repeats on each end and the inverted repeats are flanked by direct repeats. The Delta element of Ty retrotransposons and LTRs (long terminal repeats) are examples of this concept.Oligodeoxyribonucleotides: A group of deoxyribonucleotides (up to 12) in which the phosphate residues of each deoxyribonucleotide act as bridges in forming diester linkages between the deoxyribose moieties.Genes: A category of nucleic acid sequences that function as units of heredity and which code for the basic instructions for the development, reproduction, and maintenance of organisms.Exons: The parts of a transcript of a split GENE remaining after the INTRONS are removed. They are spliced together to become a MESSENGER RNA or other functional RNA.Cells, Cultured: Cells propagated in vitro in special media conducive to their growth. Cultured cells are used to study developmental, morphologic, metabolic, physiologic, and genetic processes, among others.Sp1 Transcription Factor: Promoter-specific RNA polymerase II transcription factor that binds to the GC box, one of the upstream promoter elements, in mammalian cells. The binding of Sp1 is necessary for the initiation of transcription in the promoters of a variety of cellular and viral GENES.Cyclic AMP Response Element-Binding Protein: A protein that has been shown to function as a calcium-regulated transcription factor as well as a substrate for depolarization-activated CALCIUM-CALMODULIN-DEPENDENT PROTEIN KINASES. This protein functions to integrate both calcium and cAMP signals.Cell Nucleus: Within a eukaryotic cell, a membrane-limited body which contains chromosomes and one or more nucleoli (CELL NUCLEOLUS). The nuclear membrane consists of a double unit-type membrane which is perforated by a number of pores; the outermost membrane is continuous with the ENDOPLASMIC RETICULUM. A cell may contain more than one nucleus. (From Singleton & Sainsbury, Dictionary of Microbiology and Molecular Biology, 2d ed)Species Specificity: The restriction of a characteristic behavior, anatomical structure or physical system, such as immune response; metabolic response, or gene or gene variant to the members of one species. It refers to that property which differentiates one species from another but it is also used for phylogenetic levels higher or lower than the species.Reproducibility of Results: The statistical reproducibility of measurements (often in a clinical context), including the testing of instrumentation or techniques to obtain reproducible results. The concept includes reproducibility of physiological measurements, which may be used to develop rules to assess probability or prognosis, or response to a stimulus; reproducibility of occurrence of a condition; and reproducibility of experimental results.5' Untranslated Regions: The sequence at the 5' end of the messenger RNA that does not code for product. This sequence contains the ribosome binding site and other transcription and translation regulating sequences.E-Box Elements: DNA locations with the consensus sequence CANNTG. ENHANCER ELEMENTS may contain multiple copies of this element. E-boxes play a regulatory role in the control of transcription. They bind with basic helix-loop-helix (bHLH) type TRANSCRIPTION FACTORS. Binding specificity is determined by the specific bHLH heterodimer or homodimer combination and by the specific nucleotides at the 3rd and 4th position of the E-box sequence.DNA, Bacterial: Deoxyribonucleic acid that makes up the genetic material of bacteria.Electrophoretic Mobility Shift Assay: An electrophoretic technique for assaying the binding of one compound to another. Typically one compound is labeled to follow its mobility during electrophoresis. If the labeled compound is bound by the other compound, then the mobility of the labeled compound through the electrophoretic medium will be retarded.Gene Expression: The phenotypic manifestation of a gene or genes by the processes of GENETIC TRANSCRIPTION and GENETIC TRANSLATION.Tumor Cells, Cultured: Cells grown in vitro from neoplastic tissue. If they can be established as a TUMOR CELL LINE, they can be propagated in cell culture indefinitely.Gene Expression Regulation, Enzymologic: Any of the processes by which nuclear, cytoplasmic, or intercellular factors influence the differential control of gene action in enzyme synthesis.Drosophila: A genus of small, two-winged flies containing approximately 900 described species. These organisms are the most extensively studied of all genera from the standpoint of genetics and cytology.Escherichia coli: A species of gram-negative, facultatively anaerobic, rod-shaped bacteria (GRAM-NEGATIVE FACULTATIVELY ANAEROBIC RODS) commonly found in the lower part of the intestine of warm-blooded animals. It is usually nonpathogenic, but some strains are known to produce DIARRHEA and pyogenic infections. Pathogenic strains (virotypes) are classified by their specific pathogenic mechanisms such as toxins (ENTEROTOXIGENIC ESCHERICHIA COLI), etc.Sequence Homology, Amino Acid: The degree of similarity between sequences of amino acids. This information is useful for the analyzing genetic relatedness of proteins and species.Saccharomyces cerevisiae: A species of the genus SACCHAROMYCES, family Saccharomycetaceae, order Saccharomycetales, known as "baker's" or "brewer's" yeast. The dried form is used as a dietary supplement.Computer Simulation: Computer-based representation of physical systems and phenomena such as chemical processes.Blotting, Southern: A method (first developed by E.M. Southern) for detection of DNA that has been electrophoretically separated and immobilized by blotting on nitrocellulose or other type of paper or nylon membrane followed by hybridization with labeled NUCLEIC ACID PROBES.Multigene Family: A set of genes descended by duplication and variation from some ancestral gene. Such genes may be clustered together on the same chromosome or dispersed on different chromosomes. Examples of multigene families include those that encode the hemoglobins, immunoglobulins, histocompatibility antigens, actins, tubulins, keratins, collagens, heat shock proteins, salivary glue proteins, chorion proteins, cuticle proteins, yolk proteins, and phaseolins, as well as histones, ribosomal RNA, and transfer RNA genes. The latter three are examples of reiterated genes, where hundreds of identical genes are present in a tandem array. (King & Stanfield, A Dictionary of Genetics, 4th ed)Signal Transduction: The intracellular transfer of information (biological activation/inhibition) through a signal pathway. In each signal transduction system, an activation/inhibition signal from a biologically active molecule (hormone, neurotransmitter) is mediated via the coupling of a receptor/enzyme to a second messenger system or to an ion channel. Signal transduction plays an important role in activating cellular functions, cell differentiation, and cell proliferation. Examples of signal transduction systems are the GAMMA-AMINOBUTYRIC ACID-postsynaptic receptor-calcium ion channel system, the receptor-mediated T-cell activation pathway, and the receptor-mediated activation of phospholipases. Those coupled to membrane depolarization or intracellular release of calcium include the receptor-mediated activation of cytotoxic functions in granulocytes and the synaptic potentiation of protein kinase activation. Some signal transduction pathways may be part of larger signal transduction pathways; for example, protein kinase activation is part of the platelet activation signal pathway.5' Flanking Region: The region of DNA which borders the 5' end of a transcription unit and where a variety of regulatory sequences are located.RNA-Binding Proteins: Proteins that bind to RNA molecules. Included here are RIBONUCLEOPROTEINS and other proteins whose function is to bind specifically to RNA.Models, Molecular: Models used experimentally or theoretically to study molecular shape, electronic properties, or interactions; includes analogous molecules, computer-generated graphics, and mechanical structures.Recombination, Genetic: Production of new arrangements of DNA by various mechanisms such as assortment and segregation, CROSSING OVER; GENE CONVERSION; GENETIC TRANSFORMATION; GENETIC CONJUGATION; GENETIC TRANSDUCTION; or mixed infection of viruses.Mutagenesis: Process of generating a genetic MUTATION. It may occur spontaneously or be induced by MUTAGENS.Proteins: Linear POLYPEPTIDES that are synthesized on RIBOSOMES and may be further modified, crosslinked, cleaved, or assembled into complex proteins with several subunits. The specific sequence of AMINO ACIDS determines the shape the polypeptide will take, during PROTEIN FOLDING, and the function of the protein.Bacterial Proteins: Proteins found in any species of bacterium.DNA Mutational Analysis: Biochemical identification of mutational changes in a nucleotide sequence.Protein Structure, Tertiary: The level of protein structure in which combinations of secondary protein structures (alpha helices, beta sheets, loop regions, and motifs) pack together to form folded shapes called domains. Disulfide bridges between cysteines in two different parts of the polypeptide chain along with other interactions between the chains play a role in the formation and stabilization of tertiary structure. Small proteins usually consist of only one domain but larger proteins may contain a number of domains connected by segments of polypeptide chain which lack regular secondary structure.Mice, Transgenic: Laboratory mice that have been produced from a genetically manipulated EGG or EMBRYO, MAMMALIAN.Oligonucleotide Probes: Synthetic or natural oligonucleotides used in hybridization studies in order to identify and study specific nucleic acid fragments, e.g., DNA segments near or within a specific gene locus or gene. The probe hybridizes with a specific mRNA, if present. Conventional techniques used for testing for the hybridization product include dot blot assays, Southern blot assays, and DNA:RNA hybrid-specific antibody tests. Conventional labels for the probe include the radioisotope labels 32P and 125I and the chemical label biotin.Phenotype: The outward appearance of the individual. It is the product of interactions between genes, and between the GENOTYPE and the environment.Genetic Vectors: DNA molecules capable of autonomous replication within a host cell and into which other DNA sequences can be inserted and thus amplified. Many are derived from PLASMIDS; BACTERIOPHAGES; or VIRUSES. They are used for transporting foreign genes into recipient cells. Genetic vectors possess a functional replicator site and contain GENETIC MARKERS to facilitate their selective recognition.Recombinant Proteins: Proteins prepared by recombinant DNA technology.Cyclic AMP Response Element Modulator: Cyclic AMP response element modulator is a basic leucine zipper transcription factor that is regulated by CYCLIC AMP. It plays an important role in SPERMATID development in the mammalian TESTIS.Protein Biosynthesis: The biosynthesis of PEPTIDES and PROTEINS on RIBOSOMES, directed by MESSENGER RNA, via TRANSFER RNA that is charged with standard proteinogenic AMINO ACIDS.Gene Expression Regulation, Viral: Any of the processes by which cytoplasmic factors influence the differential control of gene action in viruses.Homeodomain Proteins: Proteins encoded by homeobox genes (GENES, HOMEOBOX) that exhibit structural similarity to certain prokaryotic and eukaryotic DNA-binding proteins. Homeodomain proteins are involved in the control of gene expression during morphogenesis and development (GENE EXPRESSION REGULATION, DEVELOPMENTAL).Time Factors: Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.Genome: The genetic complement of an organism, including all of its GENES, as represented in its DNA, or in some cases, its RNA.RNA: A polynucleotide consisting essentially of chains with a repeating backbone of phosphate and ribose units to which nitrogenous bases are attached. RNA is unique among biological macromolecules in that it can encode genetic information, serve as an abundant structural component of cells, and also possesses catalytic activity. (Rieger et al., Glossary of Genetics: Classical and Molecular, 5th ed)Gene Expression Profiling: The determination of the pattern of genes expressed at the level of GENETIC TRANSCRIPTION, under specific circumstances or in a specific cell.Sensitivity and Specificity: Binary classification measures to assess test results. Sensitivity or recall rate is the proportion of true positives. Specificity is the probability of correctly determining the absence of a condition. (From Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 2d ed)Drosophila Proteins: Proteins that originate from insect species belonging to the genus DROSOPHILA. The proteins from the most intensely studied species of Drosophila, DROSOPHILA MELANOGASTER, are the subject of much interest in the area of MORPHOGENESIS and development.Gene Deletion: A genetic rearrangement through loss of segments of DNA or RNA, bringing sequences which are normally separated into close proximity. This deletion may be detected using cytogenetic techniques and can also be inferred from the phenotype, indicating a deletion at one specific locus.Genetic Variation: Genotypic differences observed among individuals in a population.Genes, Bacterial: The functional hereditary units of BACTERIA.Genome, Human: The complete genetic complement contained in the DNA of a set of CHROMOSOMES in a HUMAN. The length of the human genome is about 3 billion base pairs.Transgenes: Genes that are introduced into an organism using GENE TRANSFER TECHNIQUES.DNA, Complementary: Single-stranded complementary DNA synthesized from an RNA template by the action of RNA-dependent DNA polymerase. cDNA (i.e., complementary DNA, not circular DNA, not C-DNA) is used in a variety of molecular cloning experiments as well as serving as a specific hybridization probe.Genes, Insect: The functional hereditary units of INSECTS.RNA, Viral: Ribonucleic acid that makes up the genetic material of viruses.beta-Galactosidase: A group of enzymes that catalyzes the hydrolysis of terminal, non-reducing beta-D-galactose residues in beta-galactosides. Deficiency of beta-Galactosidase A1 may cause GANGLIOSIDOSIS, GM1.Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction: A variation of the PCR technique in which cDNA is made from RNA via reverse transcription. The resultant cDNA is then amplified using standard PCR protocols.Oligonucleotide Array Sequence Analysis: Hybridization of a nucleic acid sample to a very large set of OLIGONUCLEOTIDE PROBES, which have been attached individually in columns and rows to a solid support, to determine a BASE SEQUENCE, or to detect variations in a gene sequence, GENE EXPRESSION, or for GENE MAPPING.Chromosome Deletion: Actual loss of portion of a chromosome.Zea mays: A plant species of the family POACEAE. It is a tall grass grown for its EDIBLE GRAIN, corn, used as food and animal FODDER.Organ Specificity: Characteristic restricted to a particular organ of the body, such as a cell type, metabolic response or expression of a particular protein or antigen.DNA, Fungal: Deoxyribonucleic acid that makes up the genetic material of fungi.Genome, Bacterial: The genetic complement of a BACTERIA as represented in its DNA.Sterol Regulatory Element Binding Protein 1: A sterol regulatory element binding protein that regulates expression of GENES involved in FATTY ACIDS metabolism and LIPOGENESIS. Two major isoforms of the protein exist due to ALTERNATIVE SPLICING.Chromatin Immunoprecipitation: A technique for identifying specific DNA sequences that are bound, in vivo, to proteins of interest. It involves formaldehyde fixation of CHROMATIN to crosslink the DNA-BINDING PROTEINS to the DNA. After shearing the DNA into small fragments, specific DNA-protein complexes are isolated by immunoprecipitation with protein-specific ANTIBODIES. Then, the DNA isolated from the complex can be identified by PCR amplification and sequencing.DNA, Intergenic: Any of the DNA in between gene-coding DNA, including untranslated regions, 5' and 3' flanking regions, INTRONS, non-functional pseudogenes, and non-functional repetitive sequences. This DNA may or may not encode regulatory functions.Chromatin: The material of CHROMOSOMES. It is a complex of DNA; HISTONES; and nonhistone proteins (CHROMOSOMAL PROTEINS, NON-HISTONE) found within the nucleus of a cell.Base Composition: The relative amounts of the PURINES and PYRIMIDINES in a nucleic acid.Transcription Initiation Site: The first nucleotide of a transcribed DNA sequence where RNA polymerase (DNA-DIRECTED RNA POLYMERASE) begins synthesizing the RNA transcript.RNA Splicing: The ultimate exclusion of nonsense sequences or intervening sequences (introns) before the final RNA transcript is sent to the cytoplasm.Animals, Genetically Modified: ANIMALS whose GENOME has been altered by GENETIC ENGINEERING, or their offspring.CCAAT-Enhancer-Binding Proteins: A class of proteins that were originally identified by their ability to bind the DNA sequence CCAAT. The typical CCAAT-enhancer binding protein forms dimers and consists of an activation domain, a DNA-binding basic region, and a leucine-rich dimerization domain (LEUCINE ZIPPERS). CCAAT-BINDING FACTOR is structurally distinct type of CCAAT-enhancer binding protein consisting of a trimer of three different subunits.Biological Evolution: The process of cumulative change over successive generations through which organisms acquire their distinguishing morphological and physiological characteristics.Blotting, Northern: Detection of RNA that has been electrophoretically separated and immobilized by blotting on nitrocellulose or other type of paper or nylon membrane followed by hybridization with labeled NUCLEIC ACID PROBES.Genes, Fungal: The functional hereditary units of FUNGI.Serum Response Element: A DNA sequence that is found in the promoter region of many growth-related genes. The regulatory transcription factor SERUM RESPONSE FACTOR binds to and regulates the activity of genes containing this element.DNA, Plant: Deoxyribonucleic acid that makes up the genetic material of plants.Genes, Plant: The functional hereditary units of PLANTS.Inverted Repeat Sequences: Copies of nucleic acid sequence that are arranged in opposing orientation. They may lie adjacent to each other (tandem) or be separated by some sequence that is not part of the repeat (hyphenated). They may be true palindromic repeats, i.e. read the same backwards as forward, or complementary which reads as the base complement in the opposite orientation. Complementary inverted repeats have the potential to form hairpin loop or stem-loop structures which results in cruciform structures (such as CRUCIFORM DNA) when the complementary inverted repeats occur in double stranded regions.Information Storage and Retrieval: Organized activities related to the storage, location, search, and retrieval of information.Oligonucleotides: Polymers made up of a few (2-20) nucleotides. In molecular genetics, they refer to a short sequence synthesized to match a region where a mutation is known to occur, and then used as a probe (OLIGONUCLEOTIDE PROBES). (Dorland, 28th ed)Nucleic Acid Hybridization: Widely used technique which exploits the ability of complementary sequences in single-stranded DNAs or RNAs to pair with each other to form a double helix. Hybridization can take place between two complimentary DNA sequences, between a single-stranded DNA and a complementary RNA, or between two RNA sequences. The technique is used to detect and isolate specific sequences, measure homology, or define other characteristics of one or both strands. (Kendrew, Encyclopedia of Molecular Biology, 1994, p503)Genomic Library: A form of GENE LIBRARY containing the complete DNA sequences present in the genome of a given organism. It contrasts with a cDNA library which contains only sequences utilized in protein coding (lacking introns).Gene Expression Regulation, Fungal: Any of the processes by which nuclear, cytoplasmic, or intercellular factors influence the differential control of gene action in fungi.DNA, Viral: Deoxyribonucleic acid that makes up the genetic material of viruses.3T3 Cells: Cell lines whose original growing procedure consisted being transferred (T) every 3 days and plated at 300,000 cells per plate (J Cell Biol 17:299-313, 1963). Lines have been developed using several different strains of mice. Tissues are usually fibroblasts derived from mouse embryos but other types and sources have been developed as well. The 3T3 lines are valuable in vitro host systems for oncogenic virus transformation studies, since 3T3 cells possess a high sensitivity to CONTACT INHIBITION.Cell Line, Tumor: A cell line derived from cultured tumor cells.Receptors, Retinoic Acid: Proteins in the nucleus or cytoplasm that specifically bind RETINOIC ACID or RETINOL and trigger changes in the behavior of cells. Retinoic acid receptors, like steroid receptors, are ligand-activated transcription regulators. Several types have been recognized.Gene Silencing: Interruption or suppression of the expression of a gene at transcriptional or translational levels.Gene Library: A large collection of DNA fragments cloned (CLONING, MOLECULAR) from a given organism, tissue, organ, or cell type. It may contain complete genomic sequences (GENOMIC LIBRARY) or complementary DNA sequences, the latter being formed from messenger RNA and lacking intron sequences.Conjugation, Genetic: A parasexual process in BACTERIA; ALGAE; FUNGI; and ciliate EUKARYOTA for achieving exchange of chromosome material during fusion of two cells. In bacteria, this is a uni-directional transfer of genetic material; in protozoa it is a bi-directional exchange. In algae and fungi, it is a form of sexual reproduction, with the union of male and female gametes.Kinetics: The rate dynamics in chemical or physical systems.Alternative Splicing: A process whereby multiple RNA transcripts are generated from a single gene. Alternative splicing involves the splicing together of other possible sets of EXONS during the processing of some, but not all, transcripts of the gene. Thus a particular exon may be connected to any one of several alternative exons to form a mature RNA. The alternative forms of mature MESSENGER RNA produce PROTEIN ISOFORMS in which one part of the isoforms is common while the other parts are different.RNA Processing, Post-Transcriptional: Post-transcriptional biological modification of messenger, transfer, or ribosomal RNAs or their precursors. It includes cleavage, methylation, thiolation, isopentenylation, pseudouridine formation, conformational changes, and association with ribosomal protein.Green Fluorescent Proteins: Protein analogs and derivatives of the Aequorea victoria green fluorescent protein that emit light (FLUORESCENCE) when excited with ULTRAVIOLET RAYS. They are used in REPORTER GENES in doing GENETIC TECHNIQUES. Numerous mutants have been made to emit other colors or be sensitive to pH.Alleles: Variant forms of the same gene, occupying the same locus on homologous CHROMOSOMES, and governing the variants in production of the same gene product.Globins: A superfamily of proteins containing the globin fold which is composed of 6-8 alpha helices arranged in a characterstic HEME enclosing structure.Chickens: Common name for the species Gallus gallus, the domestic fowl, in the family Phasianidae, order GALLIFORMES. It is descended from the red jungle fowl of SOUTHEAST ASIA.Cell Differentiation: Progressive restriction of the developmental potential and increasing specialization of function that leads to the formation of specialized cells, tissues, and organs.Databases, Nucleic Acid: Databases containing information about NUCLEIC ACIDS such as BASE SEQUENCE; SNPS; NUCLEIC ACID CONFORMATION; and other properties. Information about the DNA fragments kept in a GENE LIBRARY or GENOMIC LIBRARY is often maintained in DNA databases.Liver: A large lobed glandular organ in the abdomen of vertebrates that is responsible for detoxification, metabolism, synthesis and storage of various substances.Genome, Plant: The genetic complement of a plant (PLANTS) as represented in its DNA.Cluster Analysis: A set of statistical methods used to group variables or observations into strongly inter-related subgroups. In epidemiology, it may be used to analyze a closely grouped series of events or cases of disease or other health-related phenomenon with well-defined distribution patterns in relation to time or place or both.RNA Stability: The extent to which an RNA molecule retains its structural integrity and resists degradation by RNASE, and base-catalyzed HYDROLYSIS, under changing in vivo or in vitro conditions.Structure-Activity Relationship: The relationship between the chemical structure of a compound and its biological or pharmacological activity. Compounds are often classed together because they have structural characteristics in common including shape, size, stereochemical arrangement, and distribution of functional groups.DNA Restriction Enzymes: Enzymes that are part of the restriction-modification systems. They catalyze the endonucleolytic cleavage of DNA sequences which lack the species-specific methylation pattern in the host cell's DNA. Cleavage yields random or specific double-stranded fragments with terminal 5'-phosphates. The function of restriction enzymes is to destroy any foreign DNA that invades the host cell. Most have been studied in bacterial systems, but a few have been found in eukaryotic organisms. They are also used as tools for the systematic dissection and mapping of chromosomes, in the determination of base sequences of DNAs, and have made it possible to splice and recombine genes from one organism into the genome of another. EC 3.21.1.Gene Expression Regulation, Bacterial: Any of the processes by which cytoplasmic or intercellular factors influence the differential control of gene action in bacteria.Gene Expression Regulation, Plant: Any of the processes by which nuclear, cytoplasmic, or intercellular factors influence the differential control of gene action in plants.Fungal Proteins: Proteins found in any species of fungus.Arabidopsis: A plant genus of the family BRASSICACEAE that contains ARABIDOPSIS PROTEINS and MADS DOMAIN PROTEINS. The species A. thaliana is used for experiments in classical plant genetics as well as molecular genetic studies in plant physiology, biochemistry, and development.Saccharomyces cerevisiae Proteins: Proteins obtained from the species SACCHAROMYCES CEREVISIAE. The function of specific proteins from this organism are the subject of intense scientific interest and have been used to derive basic understanding of the functioning similar proteins in higher eukaryotes.Plant Proteins: Proteins found in plants (flowers, herbs, shrubs, trees, etc.). The concept does not include proteins found in vegetables for which VEGETABLE PROTEINS is available.Carrier Proteins: Transport proteins that carry specific substances in the blood or across cell membranes.Transformation, Genetic: Change brought about to an organisms genetic composition by unidirectional transfer (TRANSFECTION; TRANSDUCTION, GENETIC; CONJUGATION, GENETIC, etc.) and incorporation of foreign DNA into prokaryotic or eukaryotic cells by recombination of part or all of that DNA into the cell's genome.DNA Probes: Species- or subspecies-specific DNA (including COMPLEMENTARY DNA; conserved genes, whole chromosomes, or whole genomes) used in hybridization studies in order to identify microorganisms, to measure DNA-DNA homologies, to group subspecies, etc. The DNA probe hybridizes with a specific mRNA, if present. Conventional techniques used for testing for the hybridization product include dot blot assays, Southern blot assays, and DNA:RNA hybrid-specific antibody tests. Conventional labels for the DNA probe include the radioisotope labels 32P and 125I and the chemical label biotin. The use of DNA probes provides a specific, sensitive, rapid, and inexpensive replacement for cell culture techniques for diagnosing infections.Lac Operon: The genetic unit consisting of three structural genes, an operator and a regulatory gene. The regulatory gene controls the synthesis of the three structural genes: BETA-GALACTOSIDASE and beta-galactoside permease (involved with the metabolism of lactose), and beta-thiogalactoside acetyltransferase.Zinc Fingers: Motifs in DNA- and RNA-binding proteins whose amino acids are folded into a single structural unit around a zinc atom. In the classic zinc finger, one zinc atom is bound to two cysteines and two histidines. In between the cysteines and histidines are 12 residues which form a DNA binding fingertip. By variations in the composition of the sequences in the fingertip and the number and spacing of tandem repeats of the motif, zinc fingers can form a large number of different sequence specific binding sites.Chromosomes, Bacterial: Structures within the nucleus of bacterial cells consisting of or containing DNA, which carry genetic information essential to the cell.Protein Conformation: The characteristic 3-dimensional shape of a protein, including the secondary, supersecondary (motifs), tertiary (domains) and quaternary structure of the peptide chain. PROTEIN STRUCTURE, QUATERNARY describes the conformation assumed by multimeric proteins (aggregates of more than one polypeptide chain).Retinoid X Receptors: A subtype of RETINOIC ACID RECEPTORS that are specific for 9-cis-retinoic acid which function as nuclear TRANSCRIPTION FACTORS that regulate multiple signaling pathways.Nucleotide Motifs: Commonly observed BASE SEQUENCE or nucleotide structural components which can be represented by a CONSENSUS SEQUENCE or a SEQUENCE LOGO.Amino Acid Motifs: Commonly observed structural components of proteins formed by simple combinations of adjacent secondary structures. A commonly observed structure may be composed of a CONSERVED SEQUENCE which can be represented by a CONSENSUS SEQUENCE.Endogenous Retroviruses: Retroviruses that have integrated into the germline (PROVIRUSES) that have lost infectious capability but retained the capability to transpose.Point Mutation: A mutation caused by the substitution of one nucleotide for another. This results in the DNA molecule having a change in a single base pair.Genes, Intracisternal A-Particle: Genes of IAP elements (a family of retrovirus-like genetic elements) which code for virus-like particles (IAPs) found regularly in rodent early embryos. ("Intracisternal" refers to the cisternae of the endoplasmic reticulum.) Under certain circumstances, such as DNA hypomethylation they are transcribed. Their transcripts are found in a variety of neoplasms, including plasmacytomas, neuroblastoma, rhabdomyosarcomas, teratocarcinomas, and colon carcinomas.Database Management Systems: Software designed to store, manipulate, manage, and control data for specific uses.Gene Transfer, Horizontal: The naturally occurring transmission of genetic information between organisms, related or unrelated, circumventing parent-to-offspring transmission. Horizontal gene transfer may occur via a variety of naturally occurring processes such as GENETIC CONJUGATION; GENETIC TRANSDUCTION; and TRANSFECTION. It may result in a change of the recipient organism's genetic composition (TRANSFORMATION, GENETIC).
... is Pain of Salvation's third studio album, released in October 2000. It is a concept album that ... The Perfect Element, Part I is the first part of a planned, two-piece concept, and is divided into three chapters, each ... The Perfect Element, Part I. (2000). Remedy Lane. (2002)Remedy Lane2002. ... The Perfect Element, Part II was released in 2007 under the title Scarsick. ...
WikiProject Elements (Rated Template-class). ElementsWikipedia:WikiProject ElementsTemplate:WikiProject Elementschemical ... This template is supported by WikiProject Elements, which gives a central approach to the chemical elements and their isotopes ... Tools. *What links here. *Related changes. *Upload file. *Special pages. *Permanent link ... Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Template_talk:Navbox_element_isotopes&oldid=865898009" ...
... s (SREBPs) are transcription factors that bind to the sterol regulatory element DNA ... Sterol regulatory element-binding transcription factor 1. X-ray crystallography of Sterol Regulatory Element Binding Protein 1A ... Sterol Regulatory Element Binding Proteins at the US National Library of Medicine Medical Subject Headings (MeSH) ... Once in the nucleus, SREBP can bind to specific DNA sequences (the sterol regulatory elements or SREs) that are found in the ...
... element to the system of the classical elements of Ionian philosophy. He noted that the four terrestrial classical elements ... Fifth element[edit]. Medieval concept of the cosmos. The innermost spheres are the terrestrial spheres, while the outer are ... Hahm, David E., The Fifth Element in Aristotle's De Philosophia: A Critical Re-Examination, The Journal of Hellenic Studies 102 ... The first element however, located in the celestial regions and heavenly bodies, moved circularly and had none of the qualities ...
element with a name attribute of Wikipedia).. Implementations[edit]. Command-line tools[edit]. *XMLStarlet easy to use tool to ... elements that have x. or y. child-elements, as well as all the w. elements that have z. child-elements, that were found in the ... that selects C elements that are children of B elements that are children of the A element that forms the outermost element of ... top-level element also has a lang. attribute set to en. . The reference to an attribute of the top-level element in the first ...
Euclid's Elements (sometimes: The Elements, Greek: Στοιχεῖα Stoicheia) is a large set of math books about geometry, written by ... Euclid's Elements - All thirteen books in one volume, based on Heath's translation, Green Lion Press, ISBN 978-1-888009-18-7. ... Heath, Thomas L. (1956). The Thirteen Books of Euclid's Elements (3 vols.). ,format=. requires ,url=. (help) (2nd [Facsimile. ... The Elements: Books I-XIII-Complete and Unabridged (2006), translated by Sir Thomas Heath, Barnes & Noble, ISBN 978-0-7607-6312 ...
Drill the kanji-online Java tool (Asahi-net). *Kanji Alive-Online kanji learning tool in wide use at many universities, ... "TEI element g (character or glyph)", P5: Guidelines for Electronic Text Encoding and Interchange, TEI-C. . ... The Text Encoding Initiative uses a ,g, element to encode any non-standard character or glyph, including gaiji.[13] (The g ... Katakana emerged via a parallel path: monastery students simplified man'yōgana to a single constituent element. Thus the two ...
Deuterium is an isotope of hydrogen, the first element. Deuterium has one proton and one neutron. Hydrogen does not have a ... Tools. *What links here. *Related changes. *Upload file. *Special pages. *Permanent link ...
Tools. *What links here. *Related changes. *Upload file. *Special pages. *Permanent link ...
The Group 12 elements are sometimes included. Sometimes germanium, antimony, and polonium are included, although they are ... Tools. *What links here. *Related changes. *Upload file. *Special pages. *Permanent link ...
SpcDNAs are derived from repetitive sequences such as satellite DNA, retrovirus-like DNA elements, and transposable elements in ... Colosimo, A.; V. Guida; G. Palka; B. Dallapiccola (2002). "Extrachromosomal genes: a powerful tool in gene targeting approaches ... The function of eccDNA has not been widely studied, but it has been proposed that the production of eccDNA elements from ... There also exists virulence plasmids that contain the genetic elements necessary for bacteria to become pathogenic as well as ...
Main article: Transposons as a genetic tool. The first TE was discovered in maize (Zea mays) and is named dissociator (Ds). ... Activator element (Ac) is an example of an autonomous TE, and dissociation elements (Ds) is an example of a non-autonomous TE. ... Transposable elements represent one of several types of mobile genetic elements. TEs are assigned to one of two classes ... A transposable element (TE or transposon) is a DNA sequence that can change its position within a genome, sometimes creating or ...
7.2 Elements of Technology. 7.2.1 Technology of Energy Conversion and Utilization 7.2.2 Technology of Tools and Machines 7.2.3 ... 1.2.1 Chemical Elements: Periodic Variation in Their Properties 1.2.2 Chemical Compounds: Molecular Structure and Chemical ...
Microsoft's free threat modeling tool - the Threat Modeling Tool (formerly SDL Threat Modeling Tool). This tool also utilizes ... "SD Elements by Security Compass". www.securitycompass.com. Retrieved 2017-03-24. Meyer, D.; Haase, J.; Eckert, M.; Klauer, B. ( ... IriusRisk offers both a community and a commercial version of the tool. This tool focus on the creation and maintenance of a ... Current SIEM tools typically only provide indicators at the lowest semantic levels. There is therefore a need to develop SIEM ...
Elements of Information Theory. John Wiley & Sons, New York. Toby Berger (1971). Rate Distortion Theory: A Mathematical Basis ... VcDemo Image and Video Compression Learning Tool. ...
xScope - Tool for measuring elements on screen. Dine-O-Matic - Dashboard widget to help decide where to eat. DownloadCheck - ... CandyBar - Tool to organize and change system icons. iPulse - Utility to visualize system activity. Frenzic - Puzzle game that ... Discontinued: Pixadex - Icon management tool similar to iPhoto. Replaced by CandyBar. IconDropper - Icon management utility for ...
The elements einsteinium and fermium are discovered in the fallout. Geoffrey Dummer proposes the integrated circuit. September ... American orthopedic surgeon Armin Klein publishes Klein's line as a diagnostic tool. Jean Delay, head of psychiatry at Sainte- ...
Some tools allow referencing more than nine capturing groups. *. Matches the preceding element zero or more times. For example ... Groups a series of pattern elements to a single element. When you match a pattern within parentheses, you can use any of $1. , ... Matches the preceding pattern element zero or one time. $string1 = 'Hello World\n'; if ($string1 =~ m/H.?e/) { print 'There is ... Matches the preceding pattern element one or more times. $string1 = 'Hello World\n'; if ($string1 =~ m/l+/) { print 'There are ...
Diamond tool Harvey, James A. Machine Shop Trade Secrets. A.K.Hajra Choudhury. Elements of WORKSHOP TECHNOLOGY. R.K.Gupta. ... A grinding machine, often shortened to grinder, is any of various power tools or machine tools used for grinding, which is a ... Its uses include shaping tool bits or various tools that need to be made or repaired. Bench grinders are manually operated. ... Tool and cutter grinder, which usually can perform the minor function of the drill bit grinder, or other specialist toolroom ...
These tools consist of three elements. The Host Emulator (HE), the Multi-Purpose Viewer (MPV), and the CIGI Class Library (CCL ... The tools, ICD, and accompanying user documentation can be found and downloaded from the CIGI sourceforge web site. The ... A set of CIGI development tools for the Host Emulator, and CIGI Class Library were developed by Chas Whitley and members of the ... An implementer can implement the interface from scratch, however a full suite of integration tools is available. ...
Efficiently using prototyping requires that an organization have the proper tools and a staff trained to use those tools. Tools ... Users may prototype elements of an application themselves in a spreadsheet. As web-based applications continue to grow in ... Screen generators, design tools, and software factories[edit]. Screen generating programs are also commonly used and they ... Object oriented tools are also being developed like LYMB from the GE Research and Development Center. ...
Tools[edit]. Deep energy retrofits make use of energy modeling tools that integrate with an organization's pro forma or other ... It must be kept in mind to implement building envelope and passive design elements before making major HVAC and technology ... Although many modeling tools are available to assess home energy savings, the inaccuracy of their predictions (compared to ... Smartphone technologies have simplified the retrofit process as a number of audit and retrofit tools have appeared over the ...
These two elements are highly interactive with opposite effects. A network-wide iterative process is used to find a solution ... A recent NCHRP survey of US state transport agencies found that Sidra Intersection is the most widely used software tool in the ... Sidra Intersection is a micro-analytical traffic evaluation tool that employs lane-by-lane and vehicle drive cycle models. It ... SIDRA NETWORK model provides a lane-based congestion modelling tool. It determines the backward spread of congestion as queues ...
Stumbleupon is such a tool. The evolutionary-computation model of creativity views random stimulus creativity techniques as ... Multi-modal techniques combine different random elements from multiple domains. A 'random article' link is an example of this ...
A common tool used to measure trace elements in an otolith is a laser ablation inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometer. ... This tool can measure a variety of trace elements simultaneously. A secondary ion mass spectrometer can also be used. This ... Otoliths, unlike scales, do not reabsorb during times of decreased energy making it even more useful tool to age a fish. Fish ... As with any crystal structure, lattice vacancies will exist during crystal formation allowing trace elements from the water to ...
Tags Auto tag edition tools: set track number automatically, set genre automatically. Some auto tag tools for all repository. ... Favorite elements are shown in the "Favorites" tab in Navigator. Podcasts Subscribe to your favorite podcasts and listen in ... aTunes has a tool to look up artists on different websites such as YouTube, Google Video and Wikipedia. It also integrates with ... In addition to the standard view with all controls, and features, there is a multi-window view allowing each element (navigator ...
That the present social system is devoid of the elements of love or justice, since, as an organisation, it ignores the claims ... Tools. *What links here. *Related changes. *Upload file. *Special pages. *Permanent link ...
"The Five Essential Elements of Application Performance Monitoring". Realtime NEXUS. 2010. "Priorizing Gartner's APM Model: The ... Collecting raw data from the other tool sets across the APM model provides flexibility in application reporting. This allows ... "Application performance monitoring tools: Three vendor strategies". SearchNetworking. 25 March 2013. "Insight from the User ... multi-element constructs that in many cases rely on application development frameworks such as .NET or Java. The APM Conceptual ...
Finite Element Analysis: *K-J. Bathe (1996), Finite Element Procedures, Prentice-Hall. Useful repository of information on ... The Finite Element Method: Linear Static and Dynamic Finite Element Analysis by T. J. R. Hughes, Dover Publications, 2000. ... There are many finite element software packages, both free and proprietary. Development of the finite element method in ... FEniCS - An open-source finite element computation platform.. *FreeFem++ - An open-source multiphysics finite element analysis ...
Cornea shape change was computed via finite element analysis, and the resulting change in cornea curvature was measured by ... This work implemented an incised finite element model of the eye to investigate factors influencing corneal shape after surgery ... Finite Element Model of Cornea Deformation - Abstract. Cornea surgeons have observed that changes in cornea curvature can ... Document Tools. PDF to Text PDF to Postscript PDF to Thumbnails Excel to PDF Word to PDF Postscript to PDF PowerPoint to PDF ...
... has increased sufficiently that the direct numerical approximation of Maxwells equations is now an increasingly important tool ... The aim of this book is to provide an up-to-date and sound theoretical foundation for finite element methods in computational ... An error analysis of edge finite element methods that are particularly well suited to Maxwells equations is the main focus of ... The emphasis is on finite element methods for scattering problems that involve the solution of Maxwells equations on infinite ...
The practical application of Finite Element Method is called as Finite Element Analysis (FEA). FEA is the computational tool ... Jagini, Gopi and Unni, H N (2019) Finite Element Analysis of Femur Bone Model. Masters thesis, Indian institute of technology ... Finite Element Method (FEM) is a numerical technique of obtaining solutions to boundary value problems. ... A 3D realistic human femur bone has been modeled and finite element analysis has been performed using ABAQUS with different ...
Tooling used for this process consists of complex-shaped cavities subjected to very high forming pressure. It is a common ... Inserted Tool Design Using Finite Element Analysis 980750. Elkhart Industrial Division of Amcast Industrial Corporation has ... This paper will describe how a general purpose Finite Element Analysis (FEA) software can be used to develop inserted tooling ... Tooling used for this process consists of complex shaped cavities subjected to very high forming pressure. It is a common ...
Debug Tool Window: Elements Tab. In this tab, view the HTML source code that implements the active browser page and its HTML ... PyCharm highlights the corresponding element in the browser. ...
Citation: Dooge, D., Cabane, C., Marca, C., Dwarampudi, R. et al., "Utilizing Finite Element Tools to Model Objective Seat ... Utilizing Finite Element Tools to Model Objective Seat Comfort Results 2012-01-0074. ... This project focuses on the finite element modeling of the Hardness Distribution test [2]. Defining the force-deflection ... The following study was designed to: (1) demonstrate the benefits of manufacturing the seat utilizing finite element methods, ( ...
H59: Using the link element and navigation tools. Applicability. HTML and XHTML ... element in the head. section of the document which pertains to navigation, check that it contains at least: *. a rel. attribute ... element can provide metadata about the position of an HTML page within a set of Web pages or can assist in locating content ... elements can provide multiple relationships. Several values of rel. are useful: *. Start: Refers to the first document in a ...
The Brush tool in Photoshop Elements creates soft-edged strokes. How soft those strokes are depends on which brush you use. By ... The Brush tool shares most of the options found in the Pencil tool, except that the Auto Erase feature isnt available. Heres ... As with the Pencil tool, you can load additional Brush libraries from the Brush drop-down menu at the top of Brush Preset ... Additional features for the Brush tool also appear in the menu on the Brush Preset Picker panel. Heres a quick description of ...
Find great deals on Elements Beverage Coolers & Totes at Kohls today! ...
This chapter will guide you in choosing the correct selection tool to use for the task at hand, as well as provide you with a ... Home , Articles , Adobe Photoshop , Adobe Photoshop Elements Working With Selections in Photoshop Elements. * By Elizabeth ... Use the Elliptical Marquee tool when you want to make a circular or oval selection. With either of these tools, if you press ... This chapter will guide you in choosing the correct selection tool to use for the task at hand, as well as provide you with a ...
Cool tools really work. A cool tool can be any book, gadget, software, video, map, hardware, material, or website that is tried ... All reviews on this site are written by readers who have actually used the tool and others like it. Items can be either old or ... Suggestions for tools much better than what is recommended here are always wanted. ... For those looking to stay dry, the Advanced Element comes with a standard spray skirt. ...
The Background Eraser tool in Photoshop Elements 10. The Background Eraser tool, which is savvier than the Eraser tool, erases ... The Magic Eraser tool in Photoshop Elements 10. You can think of the Magic Eraser tool as a combination Eraser and Magic Wand ... The Eraser tool in Photoshop Elements 10. The Eraser tool enables you to erase areas on your image to either your background ... The Background Eraser tool erases to transparency on a layer. If you use this tool on an image with only a background, Elements ...
Adobe on Wednesday unveiled the latest versions of Photoshop Elements and Premiere Elements, bringing a number of enhancements ... The tool is available from within Photoshop Elements 13 and Premiere Elements 13. Adobe Photoshop Elements 13 and Premiere ... With the Elements 13 suite, Photoshop and Premier get all-new editing tools and access to Elements Live, an in-app portal to in ... Premiere Elements 13 offers a number of automated tools like Favorite Moments, which assembles a movie built around the best ...
Home » Modeling » MDT (Model Development Tools) » [bpmn2] process element sequence in Semantic.xsd Show: Todays Messages :: ... the elements of the extended nodes are printed out, _then_ the elements of the actual node, so in this example the elements of ... xsd:element ref=auditing minOccurs=0 maxOccurs=1/,. ,xsd:element ref=monitoring minOccurs=0 maxOccurs=1/,. ,xsd: ... xsd:element ref=artifact minOccurs=0 maxOccurs=unbounded/,. ,xsd:element name=supports type=xsd:QName minOccurs=0 ...
Great Alpinist Element Tools Vectors. Choose from thousands of free vectors, clip art designs, icons, and illustrations created ... Includes in this pack are great 8 vector alpinist element tools collection on dark background ... Great Alpinist Element Tools Vectors. Edit Vector .cls-1{fill-rule:evenodd;}. ...
Free Linear Office Tools Elements Vector. Choose from thousands of free vectors, clip art designs, icons, and illustrations ... Free Linear Office Tools Elements. Edit Vector .cls-1{fill-rule:evenodd;}. ... Collection of workspace linear icons and elements, Designed for Web, Document, Greeting Card, Poster, Label and Other ...
The matrix survey tool is potentially great.However, one cannot use the fields within for show/hide conditions and ... This is what I suggest ........ Enable graphing on all individual elements of the matrix tool or do away with it as it serves ... To be clear .... for the matrix survey tool ... I would just like to be able to create graph reports for individual elements. ... The lack of reporting on the matrix tool individual elements has forced me to entertain the worlds greatest hack job with ...
Comparative genomics using fugu: A tool for the identification of conserved vertebrate cis-regulatory elements. ... A tool for the identification of conserved vertebrate cis-regulatory elements. Bioessays, 27: 100-107. doi: 10.1002/bies.20134 ...
Use a variety of drawing tools, smart connectors, flowchart symbols and shape libraries to create flowcharts of complex ... Design elements - Alarm and access control , Design elements .... *ERD , Entity Relationship Diagrams, ERD Software for Mac and ... Probability Quality Control Tools The Total Quality Management Diagram solution helps your organization visualize business and ... The example "Design elements - Valves and fittings" was created using the ConceptDraw PRO diagramming and vector drawing ...
... is a powerful tool in determining the origin(s), mode, and direction of propagation of cracks or fractures. SEM is used in ... Element New Berlin. Element New Berlin is a specialist provider of mechanical engineering services and failure analysis ... and is used in some capacity in a large percentage of the investigations performed by Element. The SEM is a powerful tool in ... Element Locations. Learn more about our laboratories - where they are located; the unique capabilities they have and how they ...
The Moyno PowerFlow Pump features a cast iron body and A 2 tool steel pumping elements or, for corrosive applications, 17-4 PH ... The Moyno PowerFlow Pump features a cast iron body and A 2 tool steel pumping elements or, for corrosive applications, 17-4 PH ... Moynos PowerFlow Pump features a cast iron body and A 2 tool steel pumping elements. Print Email ... Moynos PowerFlow Pump features a cast iron body and A 2 tool steel pumping elements ...
Design Element: Crows Foot for Entity Relationship Diagram - ERD Entity-Relationship Diagram (ERD) is ideal tool that helps ... Probability Quality Control Tools. Probability Quality Control Tools The Total Quality Management Diagram solution helps your ... Never before creation of a Bubble Chart wasnt so easy as now with tools of Bubble Diagrams Solution from the "What is a ... The HR Management Software is an incredibly powerful tool for those who need to analyze or present human resource process flows ...
We are developing a data mining tool to find cis-element candidates from gene lists defined by researchers. Here we report the ... Development of a data mining tool to find cis-elements concerning in gene expression detectable by microarray analysis. ... Development of a data mining tool to find cis-elements concerning in gene expression detectable by microarray analysis. ... Such motifs are expected to play key roles in gene networks, and it also suggests the existence of key trans elements. ...
We have introduced a genetically marked Dissociation transposable element (Ds HPT ) into tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum ... Transgenic tomato lines containing Ds elements at defined genomic positions as tools for targeted transposon tagging. *Susanne ... Transgenic tomato lines containing Ds elements at defined genomic positions as tools for targeted transposon tagging. Molec. ... Theres N, Scheele T, Starlinger P (1987) Cloning of the Bz2 locus of Zea mays using the transposable element Ds as a gene tag. ...
  • S. C. Brenner and L. R. Scott (2007), The mathematical theory of finite element methods , vol. 15 of Texts in Applied Mathematics, Springer-Verlag, Classical book on the mathematics foundation of finite element methods . (wikiversity.org)
  • The following study was designed to: (1) demonstrate the benefits of manufacturing the seat utilizing finite element methods, (2) determine the relative error between analytical and experimental hardness distribution results, and (3) identify future model improvement and growth capability. (sae.org)
  • S. C. Brenner and L. R. Scott (2007), The mathematical theory of finite element methods , vol. 15 of Texts in Applied Mathematics, Springer-Verlag, Classical book on the mathematics foundation of finite element methods . (wikiversity.org)
  • Utilizing Finite Element Tools to Model Objective Seat Comfort Results," SAE Technical Paper 2012-01-0074, 2012, https://doi.org/10.4271/2012-01-0074 . (sae.org)
  • If you can't locate them, you can always press E and then Shift+E to toggle through the three tools. (dummies.com)
  • The fourth element, dubnium , has been synthesized in laboratories, but it has not been found occurring in nature, with half-life of the most stable isotope, dubnium-268, being only 29 hours, and other isotopes even more radioactive . (wikipedia.org)
  • Berkeley, CA -- A team of scientists at the U.S. Department of Energy's Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory has detected six isotopes, never seen before, of the superheavy elements 104 through 114. (scienceblog.com)
  • Little is known of the properties of this element, since its isotopes are unstable and difficult to produce. (infoplease.com)
  • The example "Design elements - Industrial equipment" was created using the ConceptDraw PRO diagramming and vector drawing software extended with the Chemical and Process Engineering solution from the Engineering area of ConceptDraw Solution Park. (conceptdraw.com)
  • ConceptDraw PRO software supplied with Entity-Relationship Diagram (ERD) solution offers samples and templates of ER diagrams, and also ready-to-use vector design elements - ERD Crow′s Foot and Chen's notation icons for easy designing your own ER diagrams for depicting databases. (conceptdraw.com)
  • This paper will describe how a general purpose Finite Element Analysis (FEA) software can be used to develop inserted tooling designs. (sae.org)
  • In this review, we describe the tools for the use of Tetrahymena as a model eukaryote, including an overview of its life cycle, orientation to its evolutionary roots, and methodological approaches to forward and reverse genetics. (genetics.org)
  • For example it places the property elements on the process as last elements after all other, which then causes runtime engines who's parsers conform to Semantic.xsd to throw parsing errors. (eclipse.org)
  • You should think about whether there is a semantic element that matches the intent of your use of a presentational element. (whatwg.org)
  • If there is no appropriate semantic element for the purpose, then you should probably use div or span instead. (whatwg.org)
  • The lowest semantic levels of the DML model are the tools used by the attacker, host and observed network artefacts such as packets and payloads, and finally atomic indicators such as IP addresses at the lowest semantic level. (wikipedia.org)
  • Current SIEM tools typically only provide indicators at the lowest semantic levels. (wikipedia.org)
  • There is therefore a need to develop SIEM tools that can provide threat indicators at higher semantic levels. (wikipedia.org)
  • 4. Courts should not be allowed to rely on proprietary risk assessment tools if a vendor refuses to disclose information about how the risk assessment tool was developed . (eff.org)
  • The same risk assessment tool may have a high confidence in the risk score that it assigns one defendant, and a low confidence in the risk score it generates for another defendant-even if they are both assigned to the same risk category. (eff.org)
  • We show that drumming by palm cockatoos ( Probosciger aterrimus ) shares the key rudiments of human instrumental music, including manufacture of a sound tool, performance in a consistent context, regular beat production, repeated components, and individual styles. (sciencemag.org)
  • This behavior is remarkable because tool manufacture among nonhuman species is rare and almost always occurs in the context of solving problems related to foraging ( 16 - 18 ), but palm cockatoos use their tools only to make sounds. (sciencemag.org)
  • Healy J, Corr C, DeYoung J, Baker B (1993) Linked and unlinked transposition of a genetically marked Dissociation element in transgenic tomato. (springer.com)
  • Here, we report the creation of maternal-effect selfish genetic elements in Drosophila that drive population replacement and are resistant to recombination-mediated dissociation of drive and disease refractoriness functions. (sciencemag.org)
  • Another tool called Video in Titles adds in video to a title screen, mimicking the latest styles used by Hollywood moviemakers. (appleinsider.com)
  • element represents the title of the table that is its parent, if it has a parent and that is a table element. (w3.org)
  • Last updated in 2013 , Adobe's Elements software is known for its easy-to-use toolset, powerful features and quick task handling. (appleinsider.com)
  • Business process mapping software with Flowchart Maker ConceptDraw PRO includes extensive drawing tools, rich examples and templates, process flowchart symbols and shape libraries, smart connectors that allow you create the flowcharts of complex processes, process flow diagrams, procedures and information exchange. (conceptdraw.com)
  • Process Flowchart Solution is project management workflow tools which is part ConceptDraw Project marketing project management software. (conceptdraw.com)
  • Thankfully to MS Visio alternative like ConceptDraw PRO software, this is cross-platform charting and business process management tool, now visio alternative for making sort of visio diagram is not a problem anymore however many people still name it business process visio tools. (conceptdraw.com)
  • The HR Management Software is an incredibly powerful tool for those who need to analyze or present human resource process flows in a visually effective manner. (conceptdraw.com)
  • The following table is my personal collection of most important and fundamental elements of software engineering. (google.com)
  • There are many finite element software packages , both free and proprietary . (wikiversity.org)
  • The OOF software provides a finite-element modeling capability to users in the field of materials science. (nist.gov)
  • UML software with ERD tool for database design. (visual-paradigm.com)
  • Visual Paradigm is a full-featured UML software that allows you to establish linkages among UML model elements and with external resources like webpages and physical file. (visual-paradigm.com)
  • Also new this year, Elements Live: a dynamic channel within the software that's designed to spark creativity and improve user skills. (dpreview.com)
  • All three elements form various inorganic compounds , generally in the oxidation state of +5. (wikipedia.org)
  • The elements and their compounds make up all matter on the earth and quite possibly all matter outside of the earth as well. (conservapedia.com)
  • The Brush tool shares most of the options found in the Pencil tool, except that the Auto Erase feature isn't available. (dummies.com)
  • As with the Pencil tool, you can load additional Brush libraries from the Brush drop-down menu at the top of Brush Preset picker panel. (dummies.com)
  • Additional features for the Brush tool also appear in the menu on the Brush Preset Picker panel. (dummies.com)
  • Because it isn't the most accurate tool on the planet, remember to zoom way in and use smaller brush tips to do some accurate erasing. (dummies.com)
  • Further manipulation can be accomplished with the Refine Selection Brush and Match Color Tone tools for easy, high-quality image blending. (appleinsider.com)
  • Figure 4.12 The Quick Selection and Selection Brush tools. (peachpit.com)
  • The Background Eraser tool erases to transparency on a layer. (dummies.com)
  • Entity-Relationship Diagram (ERD) is ideal tool that helps execute the detalization of data warehouse for a given designed system, lets to document the system's entities, attributes (objects' properties), and their interactions each other (relationships). (conceptdraw.com)
  • Visual Paradigm provides both UML tool and SysML tool - Draw SysML Requirement Diagram and other SysML diagram types like IBB, BDD and Parametric Diagram. (visual-paradigm.com)
  • Model high level business stakeholders and business goals using the UML use case diagram tool. (visual-paradigm.com)
  • To make a selection, use one of the tools to create a selection border around the area you want to select. (peachpit.com)
  • Under S.B. 10, if someone receives a "high" risk score, the person must be detained prior to arraignment, effectively placing crucial decisions about a person's freedom into the hands of companies that make assessment tools. (eff.org)
  • Some see risk assessment tools as being more impartial than judges because they make determinations using algorithms. (eff.org)
  • its synthesis (by bombarding einsteinium-255 with alpha particles) may make possible studies of the physical and chemical properties of the element. (infoplease.com)
  • The life-cycle cost analysis tool helps users make consistent comparisons of Chem/Bio protection strategies based on established economic evaluation practices. (nist.gov)
  • If there is such an element, you should use it, and if it doesn't already have a default styling that you like, then you can use CSS from the tables below to make it look like you want. (whatwg.org)
  • Some user agents provide an optional navigation bar which will display the information specified in the link element. (w3.org)
  • Depending on who you ask, either an unordered or ordered list would probably be the most appropriate element for the above navigation bar. (alistapart.com)
  • The Eraser tools let you erase areas of your image. (dummies.com)
  • The Eraser tool enables you to erase areas on your image to either your background color or, if you're working on a layer, a transparent background. (dummies.com)
  • The Enhance menu now includes a Convert to Black and White tool, offering six conversion presets, with the ability to tweak each one individually by color channel. (macworld.com)
  • Dooner HK, Keller J, Harper E, Ralston E (1991) Variable patterns of transposition of the maize element Activator in tobacco. (springer.com)
  • The Elements Mesh Rectangle Wall Pocket features numerous rectangles inside a large rectangle for a look that is fun and modern. (bedbathandbeyond.com)
  • To better tackle the future challenges, we used the Soil and Water Assessment Tool (SWAT) to model the hydrology of the BSB coupling water quantity, water quality, and crop yield components. (eawag.ch)
  • Learn how tools from leading EDR vendors Cybereason, CrowdStrike and Carbon Black compare when it comes to helping security teams fight endpoint threats and respond to incidents. (techtarget.com)
  • All the elements of the group are reactive metals with a high melting points (1910 °C, 2477 °C, 3017 °C). The reactivity is not always obvious due to the rapid formation of a stable oxide layer, which prevents further reactions, similarly to trends in Group 3 or Group 4. (wikipedia.org)
  • element can provide metadata about the position of an HTML page within a set of Web pages or can assist in locating content with a set of Web pages. (w3.org)
  • I'm going to introduce you to the "social media landing page" and show you why you need to use this proven tool. (searchengineland.com)
  • Using the hreflang element, multinationals can easily designate the global page as being global English [en] and then designate the local market versions as being local-language specific. (searchengineland.com)
  • This page is intended to give further advice about specific CSS features that can be used instead of each such element or attribute. (whatwg.org)
  • One of the larger feature additions to the Elements 13 package is Elements Live, an educational portal that plays host to tutorials, tips and other content coming direct from Adobe. (appleinsider.com)
  • When a table element is the only content in a figure element other than the figcaption, the caption element should be omitted in favor of the figcaption. (w3.org)
  • Until the tools evolve, you can develop these manually for the biggest opportunity markets and your most important content. (searchengineland.com)
  • Regularly updated to deliver fresh content, the Elements Live portal serves up tips, tricks and inspiration from within the application. (dpreview.com)
  • Several tools have been developed to meet EBPH needs, including free online resources in the following topic areas: training and planning tools, US health surveillance, policy tracking and surveillance, systematic reviews and evidence-based guidelines, economic evaluation, and gray literature. (cdc.gov)
  • Learn how SOAR tools free up security pros to tackle the more demanding projects. (techtarget.com)
  • We used finite element models (FEM) to predict the myocardial electric field during defibrillation shocks (pseudo-DFT) associated with variations of electrode placement. (ahajournals.org)
  • So one is kind of led up the garden path as it "seems to be a matrix survey tool" but actually transpires to be a much lower value function with no reporting capability. (jotform.com)
  • Adobe announced the latest version of its consumer-level image editor , the first update to the Mac edition of Elements in two years. (macworld.com)
  • In fact, it's been so long since Adobe has come out with a Mac release that Elements skips version 5 entirely on this platform, going from 4.0 directly to 6.0. (macworld.com)
  • Elements is aimed at amateur photographers, and it's clear that Adobe put a lot of thought who uses the program. (macworld.com)
  • Adobe serves up a fresh collection of easy-to-use editing tools and guided techniques to help consumers achieve the results they want. (dpreview.com)
  • Adobe debuts features and tools based on the most popular consumer requests. (dpreview.com)