The largest genus of TICKS in the family IXODIDAE, containing over 200 species. Many infest humans and other mammals and several are vectors of diseases such as LYME DISEASE, tick-borne encephalitis (ENCEPHALITIS, TICK-BORNE), and KYASANUR FOREST DISEASE.
Insulated enclosures in which temperature, humidity, and other environmental conditions can be regulated at levels optimal for growth, hatching, reproduction, or metabolic reactions.
The immature stage in the life cycle of those orders of insects characterized by gradual metamorphosis, in which the young resemble the imago in general form of body, including compound eyes and external wings; also the 8-legged stage of mites and ticks that follows the first moult.
Infestations with soft-bodied (Argasidae) or hard-bodied (Ixodidae) ticks.
Blood-sucking acarid parasites of the order Ixodida comprising two families: the softbacked ticks (ARGASIDAE) and hardbacked ticks (IXODIDAE). Ticks are larger than their relatives, the MITES. They penetrate the skin of their host by means of highly specialized, hooked mouth parts and feed on its blood. Ticks attack all groups of terrestrial vertebrates. In humans they are responsible for many TICK-BORNE DISEASES, including the transmission of ROCKY MOUNTAIN SPOTTED FEVER; TULAREMIA; BABESIOSIS; AFRICAN SWINE FEVER; and RELAPSING FEVER. (From Barnes, Invertebrate Zoology, 5th ed, pp543-44)
Electrically powered devices that are intended to assist in the maintenance of the thermal balance of infants, principally by controlling the air temperature and humidity in an enclosure. (from UMDNS, 1999)
A food group comprised of EDIBLE PLANTS or their parts.
The fleshy or dry ripened ovary of a plant, enclosing the seed or seeds.
A genus of fleshy shelf basidiomycetous fungi, family Schizophyllaceae, order POLYPORALES, growing on woody substrata. It is pathogenic in humans.
Female parents, human or animal.
Knowledge, attitudes, and associated behaviors which pertain to health-related topics such as PATHOLOGIC PROCESSES or diseases, their prevention, and treatment. This term refers to non-health workers and health workers (HEALTH PERSONNEL).
The processes and properties of living organisms by which they take in and balance the use of nutritive materials for energy, heat production, or building material for the growth, maintenance, or repair of tissues and the nutritive properties of FOOD.
Studies in which individuals or populations are followed to assess the outcome of exposures, procedures, or effects of a characteristic, e.g., occurrence of disease.
A new pattern of perceptual or ideational material derived from past experience.
The science of language, including phonetics, phonology, morphology, syntax, semantics, pragmatics, and historical linguistics. (Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)
The process of discovering or asserting an objective or intrinsic relation between two objects or concepts; a faculty or power that enables a person to make judgments; the process of bringing to light and asserting the implicit meaning of a concept; a critical evaluation of a person or situation.
Those affective states which can be experienced and have arousing and motivational properties.
Frequency and quality of negative emotions, e.g., anger or hostility, expressed by family members or significant others, that often lead to a high relapse rate, especially in schizophrenic patients. (APA, Thesaurus of Psychological Index Terms, 7th ed)
A procedure consisting of a sequence of algebraic formulas and/or logical steps to calculate or determine a given task.
Observable changes of expression in the face in response to emotional stimuli.
A republic in western Africa, south of SENEGAL and west of GUINEA. Its capital is Bissau.
A republic in southern Africa, east of ZAMBIA and BOTSWANA and west of MOZAMBIQUE. Its capital is Harare. It was formerly called Rhodesia and Southern Rhodesia.
Retinol and derivatives of retinol that play an essential role in metabolic functioning of the retina, the growth of and differentiation of epithelial tissue, the growth of bone, reproduction, and the immune response. Dietary vitamin A is derived from a variety of CAROTENOIDS found in plants. It is enriched in the liver, egg yolks, and the fat component of dairy products.
An active immunizing agent and a viable avirulent attenuated strain of Mycobacterium tuberculosis, var. bovis, which confers immunity to mycobacterial infections. It is used also in immunotherapy of neoplasms due to its stimulation of antibodies and non-specific immunity.
Products in capsule, tablet or liquid form that provide dietary ingredients, and that are intended to be taken by mouth to increase the intake of nutrients. Dietary supplements can include macronutrients, such as proteins, carbohydrates, and fats; and/or MICRONUTRIENTS, such as VITAMINS; MINERALS; and PHYTOCHEMICALS.
Organic substances that are required in small amounts for maintenance and growth, but which cannot be manufactured by the human body.
A vitamin that includes both CHOLECALCIFEROLS and ERGOCALCIFEROLS, which have the common effect of preventing or curing RICKETS in animals. It can also be viewed as a hormone since it can be formed in SKIN by action of ULTRAVIOLET RAYS upon the precursors, 7-dehydrocholesterol and ERGOSTEROL, and acts on VITAMIN D RECEPTORS to regulate CALCIUM in opposition to PARATHYROID HORMONE.
The social process by which something or someone comes to be regarded and treated as an article of trade or commerce.
Books designed to give factual information or instructions.
The feeling-tone accompaniment of an idea or mental representation. It is the most direct psychic derivative of instinct and the psychic representative of the various bodily changes by means of which instincts manifest themselves.
Stipends or grants-in-aid granted by foundations or institutions to individuals for study.
Images used to comment on such things as contemporary events, social habits, or political trends; usually executed in a broad or abbreviated manner.
Critical and exhaustive investigation or experimentation, having for its aim the discovery of new facts and their correct interpretation, the revision of accepted conclusions, theories, or laws in the light of newly discovered facts, or the practical application of such new or revised conclusions, theories, or laws. (Webster, 3d ed)
A bibliographic database that includes MEDLINE as its primary subset. It is produced by the National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI), part of the NATIONAL LIBRARY OF MEDICINE. PubMed, which is searchable through NLM's Web site, also includes access to additional citations to selected life sciences journals not in MEDLINE, and links to other resources such as the full-text of articles at participating publishers' Web sites, NCBI's molecular biology databases, and PubMed Central.
A publication issued at stated, more or less regular, intervals.
"The business or profession of the commercial production and issuance of literature" (Webster's 3d). It includes the publisher, publication processes, editing and editors. Production may be by conventional printing methods or by electronic publishing.
The premier bibliographic database of the NATIONAL LIBRARY OF MEDICINE. MEDLINE® (MEDLARS Online) is the primary subset of PUBMED and can be searched on NLM's Web site in PubMed or the NLM Gateway. MEDLINE references are indexed with MEDICAL SUBJECT HEADINGS (MeSH).
Publications in any medium issued in successive parts bearing numerical or chronological designations and intended to be continued indefinitely. (ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983, p203)
Surgical fixation of the stomach to the abdominal wall.
A form of interactive entertainment in which the player controls electronically generated images that appear on a video display screen. This includes video games played in the home on special machines or home computers, and those played in arcades.
An operating division of the US Department of Health and Human Services. It is concerned with the overall planning, promoting, and administering of programs pertaining to health and medical research. Until 1995, it was an agency of the United States PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE.
Inorganic or organic compounds that contain divalent iron.
A metallic element with atomic symbol Fe, atomic number 26, and atomic weight 55.85. It is an essential constituent of HEMOGLOBINS; CYTOCHROMES; and IRON-BINDING PROTEINS. It plays a role in cellular redox reactions and in the transport of OXYGEN.
Anemia characterized by decreased or absent iron stores, low serum iron concentration, low transferrin saturation, and low hemoglobin concentration or hematocrit value. The erythrocytes are hypochromic and microcytic and the iron binding capacity is increased.
Iron or iron compounds used in foods or as food. Dietary iron is important in oxygen transport and the synthesis of the iron-porphyrin proteins hemoglobin, myoglobin, cytochromes, and cytochrome oxidase. Insufficient amounts of dietary iron can lead to iron-deficiency anemia.
Iron-containing proteins that are widely distributed in animals, plants, and microorganisms. Their major function is to store IRON in a nontoxic bioavailable form. Each ferritin molecule consists of ferric iron in a hollow protein shell (APOFERRITINS) made of 24 subunits of various sequences depending on the species and tissue types.
Gradual increase in the number, the size, and the complexity of cells of an individual. Growth generally results in increase in ORGAN WEIGHT; BODY WEIGHT; and BODY HEIGHT.
Tomkins, S. (1984). Affect theory. In K. R.Scherer & P.Ekman ( Eds.), Approaches to emotion (163- 195). Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum ... see affect). In fact, simply suppressing the facial expressions that accompany certain emotions can affect "the individual's ... Different forms of emotion regulation affect our response trajectory of emotions. We target situations for regulation by the ... However, excessive use of expressive suppression can negatively affect social interactions. While expressive suppression may ...
Tomkins, S. S. (1962). Affect, imagery, consciousness. (Vol. I). New York, NY: Springer Publishing Company, Inc.. ... 2017). "Associations of Positive Affect and Negative Affect With Allostatic Load: A Lifelines Cohort Study". Psychosomatic ... Positive affect also stimulates dopamine production in the prefrontal cortex and the anterior cingulate facilities, which help ... Overall, positive affect results in a more positive outlook, increases problem solving skills, increases social skills, ...
David L. Rosenhan; Silvan S. Tomkins (1964). On Preference for Hypnosis and Hypnotizability. Educational Testing Service. David ... L. Rosenhan; Samuel Messick (1964). Affect and Expectation. Educational Testing Service. David L. Rosenhan (1966). Double ...
Tomkins, S.S. (1962). Affect, imagery, consciousness: Vol 1. The positive effects. New York: Springer. Tomkins, S. S. (1962). ... Silvan Tomkins' (1962) Affect Theory 1963) built upon Darwin's research, arguing that facial expressions are biologically based ... Taiwanese values promote ideal affect as a calm happiness, where American ideal affect is excited happiness. Indeed, it was ... Affect, imagery, consciousness: Vol 2. The positive affects. New York: Springer. Ekman, P. (1971). Universal and cultural ...
Silvan Tomkins created script theory as a further development of his affect theory, which regards human beings' emotional ... Tomkins, Silvan. "Script Theory: Differential Magnification of Affects". Nebraska Symposium On Motivation 1978. Ed. Richard A. ... Shame and Its Sisters: A Silvan Tomkins Reader. Durham and London: Duke University Press. Tomkins, Silvan. "Script Theory". The ... defined as a sequence of events linked by the affects triggered during the experience of those events. Tomkins recognized that ...
Silvan Tomkins (1911-1991) developed the affect theory and script theory. The affect theory introduced the concept of basic ... This two-dimensional map has been theorized to capture one important component of emotion called core affect. Core affect is ... Affect is used to describe the underlying affective experience of an emotion or a mood. One view is that emotions facilitate ... The affect infusion model (AIM) is a theoretical model developed by Joseph Forgas in the early 1990s that attempts to explain ...
ISBN 0-393-70282-0. Tomkins, Silvan S. (2008). Affect, Imagery, Consciousness: The Complete Edition, Volumes III and Volume IV ... The emotional safety model utilizes the affect theory of Silvan Tomkins to explain the ways in which partners influence each ... ISBN 0-553-26814-7. Nathanson, Donald L. (1992). Shame and pride: affect, sex, and the birth of the self (1st ed.). New York: ... Catherall, Don R. (2007). Emotional Safety: viewing couples through the lens of affect. New York: Routledge. ISBN 0-415-95451-7 ...
Silvan Tomkins (1911-1991), one of the most influential theorists of twentieth-century psychology, had a teaching and research ... 2005). Affect Imagery Consciousness: Author biographies. Retrieved July 10, 2008. Archived February 10, 2008, at the Wayback ... Archived December 13, 2009, at the Wayback Machine Cook, J. (1991). Silvan Tomkins, 80, psychologist who cited power of emotion ... Machine Silvan S. Tomkins Institute. History and organization of the Silvan S. Tomkins Institute. Retrieved July 10, 2008. ...
Affect Imagery Consciousness: Volume I, The Positive Affects. London: Tavistock. Tomkins, Silvan S. (1963), Affect Imagery ... Affect theory Developmental psychology Emotions and culture Emotion classification Tomkins, Silvan S. (1962), ... For example, Silvan Tomkins (1962, 1963) concluded that there are nine basic emotions: interest, enjoyment, surprise, distress ... He proposed that there is a limited number of pancultural basic emotions or "affect programs". His conclusion was that there ...
The larger the cyclone, the larger the impact of the beta effect is likely to be. Starting in 1990, three versions of the BAM ... Warner, Thomas Tomkins (2010). Numerical Weather and Climate Prediction. Cambridge University Press. pp. 266-275. ISBN 978-0- ... For some storms the factors affecting the hurricane track are relatively straightforward, and the models are not only accurate ... Large differences between model predictions can also indicate wind shear in the atmosphere, which could affect the intensity ...
... the 1996 Michael Franz Basch Award from the Silvan Tomkins Institute for her contributions to the exploration of affect in ... 2003). Treating Affect Phobia: A Manual for Short-Term Dynamic Psychotherapy "Archived copy". Archived from the original on ... Affect phobias is an exceptionally clear and useful reformulation of psychodynamic conflicts in behavioral terms. For example, ... Treatment of affect phobias progresses similarly to the exposure technique of behavioral therapies, with the difference that ...
Simmons, Leigh W.; Tomkins, Joseph L.; Alcock, John (1 May 2000). "Can minor males of Dawson's burrowing bee, Amegilla dawsoni ... Alcock, John; Simmons, Leigh W; Beveridge, Maxine (1 August 2006). "Does variation in female body size affect nesting success ... Tomkins, Joseph L.; Simmons, Leigh W.; Alcock, John (1 June 2001). "Brood-Provisioning Strategies in Dawson's Burrowing Bee, ...
Silvan Tomkins published volume one (of two) of Affect Imagery Consciousness, presenting his affect theory 1963 - Stanley ... Affect Imagery Consciousness: The Positive Affects (Vol. 1). New York: Springer "Social Work Hall of Distinction". Archived ... New York: Wiley Bion, W. R. (1962) A theory of thinking, International Journal of Psycho-Analysis, vol.43 Tomkins, S. (1962). ... 1975 - Robert Zajonc published the confluence model, showing how birth order and family size affect IQ. 1975 - The first APA- ...
Mills PR, Tomkins SC, Schlangen LJ. J Circadian. Rhythms. 2007; 5: 2. NCQA certifies vielife health assessment schemes. ... vielife has done research into the effect of health promotion on employee health risks and work productivity; the development ... 2005; 4: 1-9 The effect of high correlated colour temperature office lighting on employee wellbeing and work performance. ... of a corporate health risk measurement tool; and the effect of office lighting on employee well-being and work performance. In ...
... bioenergetic analysis developed by Alexander Lowen and affect theory put forth by Silvan Tomkins. Scenes of Racialization: a ... affect theory, theories of mind (ToM) and philosophy of mind (PoM) which piece together the connections among cognitive ...
Tomkins notes: "Arensberg had referred to a 'lovely form' and it does not take much stretching of the imagination to see in the ... The effect of both may be achieved by a rotation of 180° about an inclined axis. Adcock, Craig. Duchamp's Eroticism: A ... On the one hand, there is the mirror-effect of the drawing and the etching, which although they are almost identical visually, ... According to Duchamp biographer Calvin Tomkins, the best guess is that it was thrown out as rubbish by Stieglitz, a common fate ...
Umphress, E.E., Bingham, J.B., & Mitchell, M.S. (2010). Unethical behavior in the name of the company: The moderating effect of ... In McPHee, R. and Tomkins, P. (Eds.), Organizational Communication: Traditional Themes and New Directions, Sage: Beverly Hills ... Cheney (1983) states that organizational policies actually affect the development of identification "in terms of what is ... talks about strong organizational values or culture and the effect a strong culture has on identification and commitment. ...
The key emotion in all forms of shame is contempt (Miller, 1984; Tomkins, 1967). Two realms in which shame is expressed are the ... Society portal Psychology portal Badge of shame Cognitive dissonance Guilt (emotion) Haya (Islam) Lady Macbeth effect Measures ... Affect, Sex, and the Birth of the Self, W.W. Norton, NY, ISBN 978-0-393-03097-6 Shame and the Origins of Self-esteem: A Jungian ... Clinical psychologist Gershen Kaufman's view of shame is derived from that of affect theory, namely that shame is one of a set ...
Gabriel Tomkins was the leader of the local gang: in 1721 he was chased from Burwash to Nutley and then was arrested. The gang ... The Swing Riots affected the area with army arriving on 15 November 1830. Some local workers were imprisoned or transported. ...
Surrealism is no game, it is obsession." The effect they hoped for reached only a few visitors; only in rare cases did anyone ... Duchamp's biographer, Calvin Tomkins, described the exhibition as "the movement's last hurrah". He remarked that the post-war ... According to Breton's biographer, Volker Zotz, the exhibition of 1947 did not, however, have the same effect as its Parisian ... Uwe M. Schneede, in: Bernd Klüser, Katharina Hegewisch (Hrsg.), p. 95 Calvin Tomkins: Marcel Duchamp. Eine Biographie, p. 365 ...
Reading Silvan Tomkins." Speaking of Cvetkovich's engagement with affect in her first book, Mixed Feelings, they state: Perhaps ... Rather she uses both affect and feeling "in a generic sense," where affect is "a category that encompasses affect, emotion, and ... It grew out of Cvetkovich's "own mixed feelings about a feminist politics of affect," and argues that the effects of affect are ... Affect is treated as a unitary category, with a unitary history and unitary politics. There is no theoretical room for any ...
Tomkins, Calvin (1988). Roy Lichtenstein: Mural With Blue Brushstroke. Harry N. Abrams, Inc. p. 25. ISBN 0-8109-2356-4. His ... which minimizes the effect of spatial illusion. 1962 in art Lippard, Lucy R. (1970). "New York Pop". Pop Art (third printing ed ...
Its last editor was Simon Jones and other staff included Steve Tomkins, Nick Thorpe and Huw Spanner. In terms of Christian ... The closure of the magazine was announced in February 2016, with effect from the April 2016 issue. "Alex Mitchell". The Times. ...
... it was in effect "holding the site hostage." Calvin Tomkins, an art critic for The New Yorker magazine, was quoted saying, "I ...
One of the first to do so, Silvan Tomkins wrote in 1962 that "the face expresses affect, both to others and the self, via ... identified a discrepancy in method to the original 1988 experiment as a possible reason for the lack of systematic effect in ... Strack, Martin, and Stepper pioneered a technique in which researchers were able to measure the effect of the actions of ... The moderate, yet significant effect of facial feedback on emotions opens the door to new research on the "multiple and ...
Her last book Touching Feeling (2003) maps her interest in affect, pedagogy, and performativity. Jonathan Goldberg edited her ... A Silvan Tomkins Reader (1995, coedited with Adam Frank) ISBN 978-0-8223-1694-7 Gary in Your Pocket: Stories and Notebooks of ... According to Goldberg, these late writings also examine such subjects as Buddhism, object relations and affect theory, ... psychoanalytic writers such as Melanie Klein, Silvan Tomkins, D.W. Winnicott, and Michael Balint, the poetry of C. P. Cavafy, ...
The force's last Chief Constable was David Strang who replaced Paddy Tomkins on 29 March 2007. An Act of the Scottish ... created a single Police Service of Scotland-known as Police Scotland-with effect from 1 April 2013. This merged the eight ... Paddy Tomkins 2007-2013 : David Strang Association of Chief Police Officers in Scotland Fettesgate Scottish Crime and Drug ...
Ken Tomkins, Minister for Lands, Forestry, National Parks and Wildlife. A picnic area has been established surrounding the base ... improve the detection of wildfire's likely to affect the extensive Hoop Pine plantations and native forests in the district" . ...
... minimize negative affect and allow for the free expression of affect. These findings were based on Tomkin's blueprint for ... a psychiatrist who built his study of human interactions off of the work of Silvan Tomkins, argues that an intimate ... Freud wrote about parent-child relationships and their effect on personality development. Freud's analysis proposed that ... A Northwestern University research team summarized the literature in 2013, finding that "negative-affect reciprocity" - ...
The main effect of the Black Death and end of serfdom was for the church to abandon the bishop's palace in the town, ... Both Tomkins and Higginson extended the house in the Victorian era before it changed hands again to a farmer in 1922. The apple ... During 1720s William Tarbox sold the properties to Packington Tomkins, who let it to tenant farmers. By 1850 it was a large ... The Buckenhill Mill was acquired by purchase by Thomas Tomkins, son of Packington in 1728. Richard, son of Robert de ...
Affect, imagery, consciousness, Volume 1. Affect, Imagery, Consciousness, Silvan Solomon Tomkins. Authors. Silvan Solomon ... Affect, Imagery, Consciousness: The negative affects. Silvan Solomon Tomkins,Bertram P. Karon. Snippet view - 1962. ... Affect, Imagery, Consciousness: The negative affects: anger and fear. Silvan Solomon Tomkins. Snippet view - 1991. ... Affect, Imagery, Consciousness: The negative affects. Silvan Solomon Tomkins. Snippet view - 1962. ...
Why We All Need to Know About Silvan Tomkins Tomkins affect theory explains human emotion, motivation, behavior, and ... What Tomkins Said. *Introduction *Affects evolved as the system of motivation for human beings ... What Tomkins Said *Introduction *Affects evolved as the system of motivation for human beings ... About Tomkins Institute. Nurturing a better tomorrow through deeper understanding of human being and human doing, The Tomkins ...
Joseph L. Tomkins. *Centre for Evolutionary Biology, School of Animal Biology, University of Western Australia, Crawley, ... The effect of temperature on the proportion of ticks questing in Ixodes ricinus sampled from northeast Scotland (black squares ... Climate of origin affects tick (Ixodes ricinus) host-seeking behavior in response to temperature: implications for resilience ... Jolyon M Medlock, Steve A Leach, Effect of climate change on vector-borne disease risk in the UK, The Lancet Infectious ...
Effect of nutrition.... *Effect of nutrition improvement project on morbidity from infectious diseases in preschool children in ... Tomkins A, *Watson F. .Malnutrition and infection. A review. Geneva: ACC/SCN State-of-the-Art,1989. (Series No 5.). ... Effect of nutrition improvement project on morbidity from infectious diseases in preschool children in Vietnam: comparison with ... Effect of nutrition improvement project on morbidity from infectious diseases in preschool children in Vietnam: comparison with ...
1984) Effect of schema-incongruent information on memory for stereotypical attributes. J Pers Soc Psychol 47(1):55-70. ... If some event is not affecting you, then it is not producing an emotion. When your friend or child suffers you feel it because ... Explicit memory is acquired and retrieved via the medial temporal lobe memory system (128⇓-130). Such memories are in effect ... When the suffering of people you dont know affects you emotionally, it is because you empathize with them (put yourself in ...
For ages, Tomkins and others grappled with the following question: How are there only a few discrete responses? ... Tomkins SS (1991). Affect Imagery Consciousness (Volume III): The Negative Affects: Anger and Fear. New York: Springer.. ... What are Tomkins groups contribution to this dilemma? Tomkins suggested that triggering these feelings (affect activation) ... Positive Affects. Interest , Enjoyment. Resetting Affect. Surprise. Negative Affects. Distress , Anger , Fear , Shame , Disgust ...
Tomkins, S. (1965). Affect and the psychology of knowledge. In S.S. Tomkins & C.E. Izard (Eds.), Affect, cognition, and ... Like Sylvan Tomkins (1965), I think adult worldviews start in babyhood, biosocially constructed by parents immersed in a ...
Tomkins, S.: Affect theory. In: Scherer, K., Ekman, P. (eds.) Approaches to Emotion, pp. 163-195. Erlbaum, Hillsdale (1984) ... In: Peter, C., Beale, R. (eds.) Affect and Emotion in Human-Computer Interaction: From Theory to Applications, pp. 175-185 ( ... Roy, D., Pentland, A.: Automatic spoken affect analysis and classification. In: Proceedings of the 2nd International Conference ...
Tomkins, S. S. (1962). Affect, imagery, consciousness, Vol. 1. In: The positive affects. New York: Springer.Google Scholar ... Tomkins, S. S. (1980). Affect as amplification: Some modifications in theory. In R. Plutchik & H. Kellerman (Eds.), Emotion: ... Third, an effect of feedback remained and could be detected even some time after the critical manipulation. It is concluded ... Ekman, P., & Friesen, W. (1976). Pictures of facial affect. Palo Alto: Consulting Psychologists Press.Google Scholar ...
Tomkins, S. (1984). Affect theory. In K. R.Scherer & P.Ekman ( Eds.), Approaches to emotion (163- 195). Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum ... see affect). In fact, simply suppressing the facial expressions that accompany certain emotions can affect "the individuals ... Different forms of emotion regulation affect our response trajectory of emotions. We target situations for regulation by the ... However, excessive use of expressive suppression can negatively affect social interactions. While expressive suppression may ...
Structural complexity of the environment affects the survival of alternative male reproductive tactics. ... Lukasik P, Radwan J, Tomkins JL.. Evolution. 2006 Feb;60(2):399-403. ...
Tomkins is Director of Life Sciences at the Institute for Creation Research and earned his Ph.D. in genetics from Clemson ... Exonic Transcription Factor Binding Directs Codon Choice and Affects Protein Evolution. Science. 342 (6164): 1367-1372. ... Tomkins, J. 2014. Dual-Gene Codes Defy Evolution...Again. Creation Science Update. Posted on September 12, 2014, ... Tomkins, J. 2014. Duons: Parallel Gene Code Defies Evolution. Creation Science Update. Posted on January 6, 2014, ...
Tomkins, S. S. (1962). Affect, imagery, consciousness. (Vol. I). New York, NY: Springer Publishing Company, Inc.. ... 2017). "Associations of Positive Affect and Negative Affect With Allostatic Load: A Lifelines Cohort Study". Psychosomatic ... Positive affect also stimulates dopamine production in the prefrontal cortex and the anterior cingulate facilities, which help ... Overall, positive affect results in a more positive outlook, increases problem solving skills, increases social skills, ...
The Affect Theory of Silvan Tomkins for Psychoanalysis.... Author: E.Virginia Demos. ISBN: 9780415886505. Format: Paperback $ ...
Many studies have shown that behavioral measures are affected by manipulating the imageability of words. Though imageability is ... Many studies have shown that behavioral measures are affected by manipulating the imageability of words. Though imageability is ... Tomkins, S. S. (1962). Affect, Imagery, Consciousness: Vol. I: The Positive Affects. New York, NY: Springer Publishing. ... Tomkins, S. S. (1963). Affect, Imagery, Consciousness: Vol. II: The Negative Affects. New York, NY: Springer Publishing. ...
Investigations of affect intensity perception have demonstrated that facial expressions with varying levels of intensity of ... positive affect are perceived and categorized differently across cultures. Recent findings indicating high levels of ... the role of culture in shaping cognitive mechanisms that are central to affect perception has received relatively little ... of emotion intensity perception have demonstrated that facial expressions with varying levels of intensity of positive affect ...
Filteau S, Tomkins A. Infant feeding and infectious disease. In: Walker AF, Rolls BA, eds. Infant Nutrition. London, England: ... The effect of weight loss in overweight, lactating women on the growth of their infants. N Engl J Med.2000;342 :449- 453. ... Effect of energy restriction and exercise on vitamin B-6 status of women during lactation. Med Sci Sports Exerc.2001;33 :512- ... Effect of maternal nutritional status on immunological substances in human colostrum and milk. Am J Clin Nutr.1983;37 :632- 640 ...
Tomkins, Silvan S., 1962, Affect, Imagery, Consciousness, Vol. I: The Positive Affects, New York: Springer Publishing Company. ... even if the experimental evidence for misplaced affect is rejected. That positive affect is often diffuse (objectless) seems ... negative affect on the same dimension) approach.. *Ryle, Gilbert, 1949, The Concept of Mind, London: Hutchinson, 1949. Chapter ... Such baseline affect and small deviations from it cumulatively matter most to the affective quality of life (Watson 2000; ...
On Silvan Tomkinss Affect Theory Henry Stein: On Classical Adlerian Psychotherapy Warren Bennis: A Comment about Fostering ... On Silvan Tomkinss Affect Theory. Henry Stein:. On Classical Adlerian Psychotherapy. Warren Bennis:. A Comment about Fostering ...
Rondo PH, Abbott R, Tomkins AM. Vitamin A and neonatal anthropometry. J Trop Pediatr2001;47:307-10. ... seems to exist that explains whether vitamin A supplementation has a beneficial effect, no effect, or a negative effect. ... Effect of 50 000 IU.... *Effect of 50 000 IU vitamin A given with BCG vaccine on mortality in infants in Guinea-Bissau: ... Hence, the negative effect of vitamin A supplementation in the rainy season was not due to a negative effect on one particular ...
This volume provides a comprehensive account of how scholarship on affect and scholarship on texts have come to inform one ... Affect and Emotion: James, Dewey, Tomkins, Damasio, Massumi, Spinoza. Stanley, Kate. Pages 97-112 ... Film and Affect, Theories Entwined: The Case of the War Genre in Saving Private Ryan (Steven Speilberg, 1998) ... This volume provides a comprehensive account of how scholarship on affect and scholarship on texts have come to inform one ...
Chhagan, Meera K; Van den Broeck, Jan; Luabeya, Kany-Kany A.; Mpontshane, Nontobeko; Tomkins, Andrew; Bennish, Michael L. ... Home » Effect on longitudinal growth and anemia of zinc or multiple micronutrients added to vitamin A: a randomized controlled ... Effect on longitudinal growth and anemia of zinc or multiple micronutrients added to vitamin A: a randomized controlled trial ... Objective:To evaluate the effect of combined ironâ€"zinc supplementation on micronutrient status, growth and morbidity.Design: ...
Cameron KR, Tomkins LM, Eglin RP, Ross LJ, Wildy P, Russell WC. ... SV40 and adenoviruses in relation to the small-plaque effect.. ... action spectrum for the survival of infectivity in relation to the small-plaque effect. ...
Tomkins, S. (1984). Affect theory. InP. Ekman (Ed.), Emotion in the human face (2nd ed.,. 353-395). New York: Cambridge ... Mroczek, D. K. & Kolarz, C. M. (1998).The Effect of Age on Positive and Negative Affect: A Developmental Perspective on ... Watson, D., & Clark, L. A.,(1994). The PANAS-X: Manual for the Positiveand Negative Affect Schedule-Expanded Form. Ames: The ... Wright, T. A., & Walton, A. P. (2003). Affect, Psychological Well-Being and Creativity: Results of a Field Study. Journal of ...
The Positive Affects and The Negative Affects while the second volume includes the final two volumes, The Negative Affects: ... The first volume of the set contains the first two volumes of Affect Imagery Consciousness, ... The re-release of Tomkinss magisterial work comes in a beautiful new two-volume hardcover set, with a new prologue from ... Affect Imagery Consciousness: The Complete Edition (two volumes). Publication Year: 2008. Edition: 1st. Authors/Editor: Tomkins ...
feedback from out own facial expressions that will affect emotional state.. Its called the Facial Feedback Hypothesis by ... Tomkins.. What Tompkins did was say that facial expression itself. can produce emotion in the individual having the facial ...
feedback from out own facial expressions that will affect emotional state. Its called the Facial Feedback Hypothesis by ... Tomkins. What Tompkins did was say that facial expression itself can produce emotion in the individual having the facial ...
Effect of iron supplementation on physical growth in children: systematic review of randomised controlled trials - Volume 9 ... 28Beasley NMR, Tomkins AM, Hall A, Lorri W, Kihamia CM, Bundy DAP. The impact of weekly iron supplementation on the iron status ... Effect of iron fortified candies on the iron status of children aged 4-6 y in East Jakarta, Indonesia. American Journal of ... Adverse effect of iron supplementation on weight gain of iron-replete young children. Lancet 1994; 343: 1252-4. ...
Tomkins S. The influenza epidemic of 1918-1919 in Western Samoa. J Pac Hist. 1992;27:181-97. ... Protective Effect of Maritime Quarantine in South Pacific Jurisdictions, 1918-19 Influenza Pandemic Melissa A. McLeod*, Michael ...
  • Silvan Tomkins played a critical role in the emergence of research on the face and facial expressions. (
  • The Affect Theory of Silvan Tomkins for Psychoanalysis. (
  • Psychologist Silvan Tomkins believed these nine affects to be innate and the source of all emotions. (
  • Silvan Tomkins originally developed affect theory before cognitive theories were popular. (
  • However, underlying all of their work are Silvan Tomkins 's foundational studies of affect from the 1960s. (
  • By analyzing specific structures of affect with the vocabulary of emotions, Marla Carlson builds upon the conception of affect articulated by psychologist Silvan Tomkins. (
  • Chapter 3, "Shame in the Cybernetic Fold: Reading Sylvan Tomkins. (
  • Discussing what she calls "paranoid reading" and comparing it with a process of "reparative reading," Sedgwick describes Sylvan Tomkins' concepts of strong and weak affect theories-the "ideo-affective organizations" through which we interpret and predict our own and others' emotions. (
  • Under Murray's influence, Tomkins dedicated his professional career to studying personality, motivation, and emotion. (
  • And he placed these observations in a coherent framework of affect and emotion. (
  • Expressive suppression is a concept "based on individuals' emotion knowledge, which includes knowledge about the causes of emotion, about their bodily sensations and expressive behavior, and about the possible means of modifying them" In other words, expressive suppression signifies the act of masking facial giveaways (see facial expression) in order to hide an underlying emotional state (see affect). (
  • In fact, simply suppressing the facial expressions that accompany certain emotions can affect "the individual's experience of emotion":165 According to a 1974 study done by Kopel and Arkowitz, repressing the facial expressions associated with pain actually decreased the experience of pain in participants. (
  • Different forms of emotion regulation affect our response trajectory of emotions. (
  • Investigations of emotion intensity perception have demonstrated that facial expressions with varying levels of intensity of positive affect are perceived and categorized differently across cultures. (
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate leadership of manager in part-time workers and analyzes the influence of their work engagement and the mediating effect of positive emotion, which takes part-time workers in Taiwan as a sample. (
  • 3) Transformational leadership positively affects positive emotion of part-time workers. (
  • Tomkins challenged the status quo by developing - over the span of nearly 2,000 pages -- a theory of consciousness and motivation that placed emotion at the core of the human experience. (
  • Because so few psychologists were studying emotion at that time, Tomkins drew liberally from other academic disciplines to help formulate his ideas and support his arguments: evolutionary biology, ethology, cybernetics, literature, philosophy, psychoanalysis, and neurophysiology, among others. (
  • But what people haven't realized until fairly recently is that the processing equipment that we call the neocortex does not start to operate until the emotion system, or what we call the affect system, aims the cognitive mechanism. (
  • b) add three items from each of the following sections (e.g., three items fsrom "Affect, Emotion, Feeling," three items from "Creativity, Fantasy. (
  • A weak theory, paradoxically, remains weak because it is successful-because in minimizing the experience of a negative affect, it reduces the domain in which this emotion might be anticipated. (
  • Rather than perceive affect and emotion as developing outward from the inner organs as Henri Bergson , William James , or Carl Lange had suggested, Tomkins and his colleagues Carrol Izard and Paul Ekman focused mostly on the face as "an organ for the maximal transmission of information, to the self and to others" and concluded that "the information it transmits is largely concerned with affects. (
  • From 1947 until his retirement in the 1975, Tomkins taught at Princeton University, The CUNY Graduate Center, and Rutgers University. (
  • Climate of origin affects tick (Ixodes ricinus) host-seeking behavior in response to temperature: implications for resilience to climate change? (
  • How might climate change affect I. ricinus host-seeking behavior (questing)? (
  • Multiple Affect Adjective Checklist - Revised (MAACL-R): Measures PA according to the DES scale and to an additional scale assessing thrill-seeking behavior (i.e., how daring or adventurous the person is). (
  • When Tomkins began writing the book in the 1950's, American psychology was dominated by psychoanalytic and behaviorist theories - neither of which placed much importance on the role of basic emotions in everyday human behavior. (
  • In the process, Tomkins practically invented the field of "nonverbal behavior" through close observation of emotional expressions in people, including his own infant son. (
  • Here, we examine the effect of publishing peer review reports on referee behavior in five scholarly journals involved in a pilot study at Elsevier. (
  • M.D., Clinical Professor of Psychiatry and Human Behavior at Jefferson Medical College, and founding Executive Director, Silvan S. Tomkins Institute . (
  • Suggests that behaviorism, psychoanalysis, and cognitive theory each relegate affect to the status of a dependent variable. (
  • For instance, when dopamine levels are low, positive affect can stimulate the release of more dopamine, temporarily increasing cognitive, motor, and emotional processing. (
  • The result has been that explorations of how texts address, elicit, shape, and dramatize affect have become central to contemporary work in literary, film, and art criticism, as well as in critical theory, rhetoric, performance studies, and aesthetics. (
  • Part I, "Affect Theory. (
  • Tomkins' example of a weak theory is looking both ways before you cross the street, a procedure for traversing a busy street without being paralyzed by fear. (
  • Affect theory is an attempt to explain babies. (
  • Affect theory differs greatly from cognitive approaches because it postulates that we are born with nine very basic emotions called affects. (
  • Nathanson's works on the topics of shame and affect theory have begun a quiet revolution among psychotherapists. (
  • Tompkins' affect theory is accompanied by his script theory (which even Nathanson claims to not fully understand). (
  • The gatherings of the Tomkins Institute are one of the best places to learn about affect theory and script theory. (
  • Is affect theory the next trend in psychotherapy? (
  • The current project draws additional resources from linguistic motor theory, cognitive science, and affect psychology to offer a comprehensive model of this creative process. (
  • With this book, he took on an enormous task--he sought to explore emotions, or affects, why we had them, why we paid attention to them, and how they motivated us to respond to situations in our daily lives. (
  • All emotions stem from these affects. (
  • We can gain knowledge from both cognitive and affective approaches of environmental psychology on how store environments affect consumers arousal and emotions during their shopping trips. (
  • However, suppression also produced a decreased heart rate in participants and self-reports did not reflect that suppression had an effect on disgust experience. (
  • The first volume of the set contains the first two volumes of Affect Imagery Consciousness, The Positive Affects and The Negative Affects while the second volume includes the final two volumes, The Negative Affects: Fear and Anger and Cognition: Duplication and Transformation of Information. (
  • Silvan S. Tomkins, PhD, (1911-1991) was one of the most influential theorists of 20th-century psychology and is generally considered the founder of modern affective science. (
  • Affect Imagery Consciousness was his life's work and consumed him from the mid-1950s through the end of his life in 1991. (
  • These nine affects and this blueprint serve as a foundation for much of Tomkins' research and theories discussed in the volumes of Affect Imagery Consciousness. (
  • Tomkins' magnum opus, Affect, Imagery, Consciousness , was published by Springer Publishing Company in four volumes over 30 years. (
  • Affect Consciousness in children with internalizing problems: Assessment of affect integration. (
  • Affect integration was operationalized through the Affect Consciousness (AC) construct as degrees of awareness, tolerance, nonverbal expression and conceptual expression of 11 affects. (
  • These aspects are assessed through a semi-structured Affect Consciousness Interview (ACI) and separate rating scales (Affect Consciousness Scales (ACSs)) developed for use in research and clinical work with adults with psychopathological disorders. (
  • Many studies have shown that behavioral measures are affected by manipulating the imageability of words. (
  • I view affect as the primary innate biological motivating mechanism, more urgent than drive, deprivation, and pleasure, and more urgent even than physical pain. (
  • It is one of several evolutionary theories that postulate that there are a small number of innate affects. (
  • Silvan S. Tomkins was one of history's most original psychologists, a tireless scientist who contributed much to that discipline. (
  • Tomkins saw the face as his life's work, and believed that studying the face would reveal humanity itself. (
  • Chief among these is Dr. Donald Nathanson, the founder of the Silvan S. Tomkins Institute. (
  • In addition to a Career Scientist Award from the National Institute of Mental Health, Tomkins received the Bruno Klopfer Distinguished Contribution Award of the Society for Personality Assessment, The Distinguished Contribution Award from Division 12 of the American Psychological Association (APA), and the Henry A. Murray Award of APA's Division 8. (
  • Expanded Form of the Positives and Negative Affect Schedule (PANAS-X): This test uses three main scales: joviality (how cheerful, happy, or lively), self-assurance (how confident and strong), and attentiveness (alertness and concentration). (
  • International Positive and Negative Affect Schedule Short-Form (I-PANAS-SF): This is a brief, 10-item version of the PANAS that has been developed and extensively validated for use in English with both native and non-native English speakers. (
  • 2. We are inherently biased to minimize negative affect. (
  • Gautam S, Platel K, and Sarinivasan K. Assessment of zinc deficiency and effect of dietary carrot, amchur and onion on zinc status during repletion in zinc-deficient rats. (
  • In the literature on word recognition and reading, imageability refers to the extent to which a word evokes a tangible sensation, a phenomenological effect that is traditionally measured by human judgment. (
  • If, as I believe, the affects are the primary motives of man, and if, as I also believe, the face is the primary site of the affects, then the face is the man. (
  • Objective To investigate the effect of high dose vitamin A supplementation given with BCG vaccine at birth in an African setting with high infant mortality. (
  • Because of the intriguing age pattern of the effect of vitamin A supplementation on mortality, we hypothesised that vitamin A supplementation interacted with routine childhood vaccinations and was beneficial when given with the live BCG vaccine at birth or live measles vaccine at 6-9 months of age but not when given with inactivated diphtheria-tetanus-pertussis vaccine at 1-5 months of age. (
  • 2 This hypothesis could explain the lack of effect of vitamin A supplementation in low birthweight infants in Indonesia, as BCG was postponed for low birthweight infants. (
  • Effect of daily iron supplementation on health in children aged 4-23 months: a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomised controlled trials. (
  • The beneficial effect of folic acid supplementation before and shortly after conception is well recognized, whereas the effect of supplementation during the second and third trimesters is controversial and poorly documented. (
  • Our aims were to systematically review randomized controlled trials (RCTs) investigating the effect of folate supplementation on birth weight, placental weight and length of gestation and to assess the dose-response relationship between folate intake (folic acid plus dietary folate) and health outcomes. (
  • In contrast, we did not find any beneficial effect of folate supplementation on placental weight or on length of gestation. (
  • There is a paucity of well-conducted RCTs investigating the effect of folate supplementation on health outcomes in pregnancy. (
  • The beneficial effect of dietary antioxidant supplementation on platelet aggregation and cyclosporine treatment in heart transplant recipients. (
  • But if my experience of reading is almost always fraught with shame, then shame comes to be the overriding, magnifying affect as we form scripts. (
  • The studies followed the infants to 12 months of age in Indonesia and 6 months in India, and both saw the beneficial effect during the first three to four months of life. (
  • What was remarkable about Tomkins' ability to read faces was that he could articulate, in great detail, what exactly it was about each face that revealed its secrets to him. (
  • It is difficult for me to articulate, but I was affected [in Unforgiven ] by the conjunction of lighting, costuming, and the melancholy, homicidal figure of [Clint] Eastwood in the final shootout in Greely's. (
  • 2 We undertook a morbidity survey to measure the functional effect on the incidence of infectious diseases of a nutrition improvement project with special reference to vitamin A deficiency through increased production and consumption of appropriate foods. (
  • M. Tomkins: A structural gene mutation affecting the greater incidence of stomal care. (
  • This article will analyse the role played by memory in producing subjectivity, but where the identity produced is itself an effect of the construction or reconstruction of particular memories. (
  • His research has mainly focused on the role of affect, predictability, and control perceptions in panic and phobias. (
  • Affect School (AS) is an intervention that may reduce depression and alexithymia according to previous research. (
  • Some research shows that taking iron by mouth might reduce or prevent this side effect. (
  • The current research evaluated delivery modality and incentive as factors affecting recruitment into a personalized normative feedback (PNF) alcohol intervention for heavy drinking college students. (
  • No consensus exists on the effect of statin therapy on survival after abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) repair. (
  • Thus, even if the grass-fed/E. coli acid-resistance hypothesis were true, manipulating the diet may not have any effect since pathogens can adapt quickly to new environments like the human stomach. (
  • Abbott RA, Cox M, Markus H, Tomkins A. Diet, body size and micronutrient status in Parkinson s disease. (
  • The book treats a diverse selection of live performance and archival video and analyzes the ways in which they affect their audiences. (
  • Low levels of positive affect are correlated with social anxiety and depression, due to decreased levels of dopamine. (
  • Exploring Affect Integration in Children With Anxiety Disorders:A Pilot Study. (
  • The aim of the work hereby described was to assess the effect of supplying increasing concentrations of CT from L. leucocephala in the ration on feed intake, molar proportions of volatile fatty acids (VFAs), changes in rumen protozoa population and enteric C[H.sub.4] emissions by heifers fed a basal ration of tropical grass. (
  • Temperature affects the abundance of infected ticks in two main ways. (
  • First, it directly affects the behaviour (e.g. activity and diapause), interstadial development rate, fertility and survival of ticks [ 10 , 11 ]. (
  • The high immediate efficacy of 98% evaluated at 48 hours post-treatment was particularly interesting, meaning that Effitix has a curative effect against ticks ( Ixodes ricinus ) and provides a rapid control of existing Ixodes ricinus infestation on a dog at the time of treatment. (
  • But it is unclear how this practice affects the peer review process. (
  • At that point the affect that's associated with the attitude becomes the governing affect of the process. (
  • Data reported in this systematic review represent part of a wider review process aimed to identify studies assessing the effect of folate intake on different markers of folate status and health outcomes in different population subsets with potential folate deficiency. (
  • This means that genetic aspects and experience co-lead the development, affecting each other in a process of dynamic interaction (Gottlieb, 2001). (
  • For ages, Tomkins and others grappled with the following question: How-given the bombardment of external and internal stimuli on the infant-are there only a few discrete responses? (
  • How does it happen that the baby has so few specific responses-feelings, affects, whatever-to all the stimuli coming at her? (
  • We examined the nine "primary affects" which provide both communication and motivation . (
  • To evaluate the effect of a nutrition improvement project based on home garden production and nutrition education on morbidity from acute respiratory infection and diarrhoeal disease in preschool children. (
  • This study will be conducted to evaluate the effect of once daily treatment with fluticasone furoate (FF) on lower leg growth in pediatric subjects with persistent asthma by using knemometry. (
  • Although the immunologic benefits of lactation are well known, the effect of maternal nutritional status on components in breast milk is questionable. (
  • However, other researchers have failed to see an effect of maternal nutritional status on immunologic properties of breast milk. (
  • Effect of supplementary antioxidant vitamin intake on carotid arterial wall intima-media thickness in a controlled clinical trial of cholesterol lowering. (
  • Tomkins suggested that triggering these feelings (affect activation) involves the following: stimulus increase, stimulus decrease, and stimulus level (quantity). (
  • Guiding readers to the variety of topics, themes, interdisciplinary dialogues, and sub-disciplinary specialties that the study of interplay between affect and texts has either inaugurated or revitalized, the handbook showcases and engages the diversity of scholarly topics, approaches, and projects that thinking of affect in relation to texts and related media open up or enable. (
  • Provocative, timely, and well-written, Affect, Animals, and Autists raises challenging questions that will be of interest to affect theorists as well as a broad complement of interdisciplinary scholars working in disability, performance, theatre, and/or animal studies. (
  • When theater and related forms of live performance explore the borderlands labeled animal and autism, they both reflect and affect their audiences' understanding of what it means to be human. (
  • Affect, Animals, and Autists maps connections across performances that question the borders of the human whose neurodiverse experiences have been shaped by the diagnostic label of autism, and animal-human performance relationships that dispute and blur anthropocentric edges. (
  • Effect of condensed tannins from Leucaena leucocephala on rumen fermentation, methane production and population of rumen protozoa in heifers fed low-quality forage. (