The aggregate business enterprise of agriculture, manufacture, and distribution related to tobacco and tobacco-derived products.
A process whereby representatives of a particular interest group attempt to influence governmental decision makers to accept the policy desires of the lobbying organization.
A plant genus of the family SOLANACEAE. Members contain NICOTINE and other biologically active chemicals; its dried leaves are used for SMOKING.
Relations of an individual, association, organization, hospital, or corporation with the publics which it must take into consideration in carrying out its functions. Publics may include consumers, patients, pressure groups, departments, etc.
Activity involved in transfer of goods from producer to consumer or in the exchange of services.
The deliberate attempt to influence attitudes and beliefs for furthering one's cause or damaging an opponent's cause.
The act or practice of calling public attention to a product, service, need, etc., especially by paid announcements in newspapers, magazines, on radio, or on television. (Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)
Any enterprise centered on the processing, assembly, production, or marketing of a line of products, services, commodities, or merchandise, in a particular field often named after its principal product. Examples include the automobile, fishing, music, publishing, insurance, and textile industries.
Inhaling and exhaling the smoke of burning TOBACCO.
The act of deceiving or the fact of being deceived.
Contamination of the air by tobacco smoke.
A mode of communication concerned with inducing or urging the adoption of certain beliefs, theories, or lines of action by others.
The promotion and support of consumers' rights and interests.
A situation in which an individual might benefit personally from official or professional actions. It includes a conflict between a person's private interests and official responsibilities in a position of trust. The term is not restricted to government officials. The concept refers both to actual conflict of interest and the appearance or perception of conflict.
Powdered or cut pieces of leaves of NICOTIANA TABACUM which are inhaled through the nose, chewed, or stored in cheek pouches. It includes any product of tobacco that is not smoked.
Governmental levies on property, inheritance, gifts, etc.
Tobacco used to the detriment of a person's health or social functioning. Tobacco dependence is included.
Activities concerned with governmental policies, functions, etc.
Form in which product is processed or wrapped and labeled. PRODUCT LABELING is also available.
Organizations comprising wage and salary workers in health-related fields for the purpose of improving their status and conditions. The concept includes labor union activities toward providing health services to members.
The complex of political institutions, laws, and customs through which the function of governing is carried out in a specific political unit.
Instruments or technological means of communication that reach large numbers of people with a common message: press, radio, television, etc.
The provision of monetary resources including money or capital and credit; obtaining or furnishing money or capital for a purchase or enterprise and the funds so obtained. (From Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed.)
The interchange of goods or commodities, especially on a large scale, between different countries or between populations within the same country. It includes trade (the buying, selling, or exchanging of commodities, whether wholesale or retail) and business (the purchase and sale of goods to make a profit). (From Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed, p411, p2005 & p283)
Substances and products derived from NICOTIANA TABACUM.
Systematic organization, storage, retrieval, and dissemination of specialized information, especially of a scientific or technical nature (From ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983). It often involves authenticating or validating information.
Plants or plant parts which are harmful to man or other animals.
The attitude of a significant portion of a population toward any given proposition, based upon a measurable amount of factual evidence, and involving some degree of reflection, analysis, and reasoning.
The moral obligations governing the conduct of commercial or industrial enterprises.
Exercise of governmental authority to control conduct.
The industry concerned with processing, preparing, preserving, distributing, and serving of foods and beverages.
Agencies of the FEDERAL GOVERNMENT of the United States.
A course or method of action selected, usually by a government, from among alternatives to guide and determine present and future decisions.
Accountability and responsibility to another, enforceable by civil or criminal sanctions.
Financial support of research activities.
Presentation of pertinent data by one with special skill or knowledge representing mastery of a particular subject.
That segment of commercial enterprise devoted to the design, development, and manufacture of chemical products for use in the diagnosis and treatment of disease, disability, or other dysfunction, or to improve function.
Ending the TOBACCO habits of smoking, chewing, or snuff use.
Discontinuation of the habit of smoking, the inhaling and exhaling of tobacco smoke.
The obligations and accountability assumed in carrying out actions or ideas on behalf of others.
The type species of TOBAMOVIRUS which causes mosaic disease of tobacco. Transmission occurs by mechanical inoculation.
Use of written, printed, or graphic materials upon or accompanying a product or its container or wrapper. It includes purpose, effect, description, directions, hazards, warnings, and other relevant information.
Branch of medicine concerned with the prevention and control of disease and disability, and the promotion of physical and mental health of the population on the international, national, state, or municipal level.
An alcohol produced from mint oils or prepared synthetically.
The effort of two or more parties to secure the business of a third party by offering, usually under fair or equitable rules of business practice, the most favorable terms.
A course or method of action selected, usually by an organization, institution, university, society, etc., from among alternatives to guide and determine present and future decisions and positions on matters of public interest or social concern. It does not include internal policy relating to organization and administration within the corporate body, for which ORGANIZATION AND ADMINISTRATION is available.
Organized groups of users of goods and services.
Administration and functional structures for the purpose of collectively systematizing activities for a particular goal.
Decisions, usually developed by government policymakers, for determining present and future objectives pertaining to the health care system.
Intentional falsification of scientific data by presentation of fraudulent or incomplete or uncorroborated findings as scientific fact.
Decisions for determining and guiding present and future objectives from among alternatives.
Legal guarantee protecting the individual from attack on personal liberties, right to fair trial, right to vote, and freedom from discrimination on the basis of race, color, religion, sex, age, disability, or national origin. (from accessed 1/31/2003)
Individuals referred to for expert or professional advice or services.
Social welfare organizations with programs designed to assist individuals in need.
The interactions between representatives of institutions, agencies, or organizations.
Supplying a building or house, their rooms and corridors, with fresh air. The controlling of the environment thus may be in public or domestic sites and in medical or non-medical locales. (From Dorland, 28th ed)
The art, technique, or business of producing motion pictures for entertainment, propaganda, or instruction.
The level of governmental organization and function below that of the national or country-wide government.
Encouraging consumer behaviors most likely to optimize health potentials (physical and psychosocial) through health information, preventive programs, and access to medical care.
Organizations composed of members with common interests and whose professions may be similar.
The decision process by which individuals, groups or institutions establish policies pertaining to plans, programs or procedures.
Time period from 1901 through 2000 of the common era.
The application of methods designed to reduce the risk of harm associated with certain behaviors without reduction in frequency of those behaviors. The risk-associated behaviors include ongoing and active addictive behaviors.
The contamination of indoor air.
The reciprocal interaction of two or more professional individuals.
The purposes, missions, and goals of an individual organization or its units, established through administrative processes. It includes an organization's long-range plans and administrative philosophy.
The interaction of persons or groups of persons representing various nations in the pursuit of a common goal or interest.
Management control systems for structuring health care delivery strategies around case types, as in DRGs, or specific clinical services.
Viscous materials composed of complex, high-molecular-weight compounds derived from the distillation of petroleum or the destructive distillation of wood or coal. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)
The enactment of laws and ordinances and their regulation by official organs of a nation, state, or other legislative organization. It refers also to health-related laws and regulations in general or for which there is no specific heading.
Application of marketing principles and techniques to maximize the use of health care resources.
The activities and endeavors of the public health services in a community on any level.
Nicotine is highly toxic alkaloid. It is the prototypical agonist at nicotinic cholinergic receptors where it dramatically stimulates neurons and ultimately blocks synaptic transmission. Nicotine is also important medically because of its presence in tobacco smoke.
Use of TOBACCO (Nicotiana tabacum L) and TOBACCO PRODUCTS.
Use of marketing principles also used to sell products to consumers to promote ideas, attitudes and behaviors. Design and use of programs seeking to increase the acceptance of a social idea or practice by target groups, not for the benefit of the marketer, but to benefit the target audience and the general society.
That branch of medicine dealing with the studies and effects of flight through the atmosphere or in space upon the human body and with the prevention or cure of physiological or psychological malfunctions arising from these effects. (from NASA Thesaurus)
Public attitudes toward health, disease, and the medical care system.
The industry concerned with the removal of raw materials from the Earth's crust and with their conversion into refined products.
Publications printed and distributed daily, weekly, or at some other regular and usually short interval, containing news, articles of opinion (as editorials and letters), features, advertising, and announcements of current interest. (Webster's 3d ed)
The aggregate enterprise of manufacturing and technically producing chemicals. (From Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)
Organizations established by endowments with provision for future maintenance.
The geographic area of Latin America in general and when the specific country or countries are not indicated. It usually includes Central America, South America, Mexico, and the islands of the Caribbean.
Critical and exhaustive investigation or experimentation, having for its aim the discovery of new facts and their correct interpretation, the revision of accepted conclusions, theories, or laws in the light of newly discovered facts, or the practical application of such new or revised conclusions, theories, or laws. (Webster, 3d ed)
Use for articles on the investing of funds for income or profit.
Voluntary groups of people representing diverse interests in the community such as hospitals, businesses, physicians, and insurers, with the principal objective to improve health care cost effectiveness.
The rights of the individual to cultural, social, economic, and educational opportunities as provided by society, e.g., right to work, right to education, and right to social security.
Violation of laws, regulations, or professional standards.
Customer satisfaction or dissatisfaction with a benefit or service received.
Systematic statements of principles or rules of appropriate professional conduct, usually established by professional societies.
The study of natural phenomena by observation, measurement, and experimentation.
Substances added to foods and medicine to improve the quality of taste.
Process of shifting publicly controlled services and/or facilities to the private sector.
Research that involves the application of the natural sciences, especially biology and physiology, to medicine.
Formal voluntary or governmental procedures and standards required of hospitals and health or other facilities to improve operating efficiency, and for the protection of the consumer.
The level of governmental organization and function at the national or country-wide level.
Formal relationships established between otherwise independent organizations. These include affiliation agreements, interlocking boards, common controls, hospital medical school affiliations, etc.
All organized methods of funding.
The productive enterprises concerned with food processing.
The smallest continent and an independent country, comprising six states and two territories. Its capital is Canberra.
Education that increases the awareness and favorably influences the attitudes and knowledge relating to the improvement of health on a personal or community basis.
Time period from 2001 through 2100 of the common era.
Conferences, conventions or formal meetings usually attended by delegates representing a special field of interest.
Payment, or other means of making amends, for a wrong or injury.
The process of bargaining in order to arrive at an agreement or compromise on a matter of importance to the parties involved. It also applies to the hearing and determination of a case by a third party chosen by the parties in controversy, as well as the interposing of a third party to reconcile the parties in controversy.
The aggregate business enterprise of manufacturing textiles. (From Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)
A specialized agency of the United Nations designed as a coordinating authority on international health work; its aim is to promote the attainment of the highest possible level of health by all peoples.
PLANTS, or their progeny, whose GENOME has been altered by GENETIC ENGINEERING.
Any observable response or action of an adolescent.
Place or physical location of work or employment.
The promotion and maintenance of physical and mental health in the work environment.
A publication issued at stated, more or less regular, intervals.
"The business or profession of the commercial production and issuance of literature" (Webster's 3d). It includes the publisher, publication processes, editing and editors. Production may be by conventional printing methods or by electronic publishing.
The maintenance of certain aspects of the environment within a defined space to facilitate the function of that space; aspects controlled include air temperature and motion, radiant heat level, moisture, and concentration of pollutants such as dust, microorganisms, and gases. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)
The exposure to potentially harmful chemical, physical, or biological agents that occurs as a result of one's occupation.
Descriptions and evaluations of specific health care organizations.
Revealing of information, by oral or written communication.
Those factors which cause an organism to behave or act in either a goal-seeking or satisfying manner. They may be influenced by physiological drives or by external stimuli.
Those individuals engaged in research.
Diseases caused by factors involved in one's employment.
An agency in the Executive Branch of the Federal Government. It was created as an independent regulatory agency responsible for the implementation of federal laws designed to protect the environment. Its mission is to protect human health and the ENVIRONMENT.
The quality or state of relating to or affecting two or more nations. (After Merriam-Webster Collegiate Dictionary, 10th ed)

Decline in cigarette consumption following implementation of a comprehensive tobacco prevention and education program--Oregon, 1996-1998. (1/764)

In November 1996, residents of Oregon approved a ballot measure increasing the cigarette tax by 30 cents (to 68 cents per pack). The measure stipulated that 10% of the additional tax revenue be allocated to the Oregon Health Division (OHD) to develop and implement a tobacco-use prevention program. In 1997, OHD created Oregon's Tobacco Prevention and Education Program (TPEP), a comprehensive, community-based program modeled on the successful tobacco-use prevention programs in California and Massachusetts. To assess the effects of the tax increase and TPEP in Oregon, OHD evaluated data on the number of packs of cigarettes taxed before (1993-1996) and after (1997-1998) the ballot initiative and implementation of the program. Oregon's results also were compared with national data. This report summarizes the results of the analysis, which indicate that consumption of cigarettes in Oregon declined substantially after implementation of the excise tax and TPEP and exceeded the national rate of decline.  (+info)

Settling for less? Tobacco industry. (2/764)

In November 1998, a coalition of state negotiators and five tobacco companies reached an agreement in which the cigarette makers would pay out the biggest financial settlement in history, $206 billion over the next 25 years to 46 states, to compensate for the medical treatment of patients suffering from tobacco-related health problems. Critics of the settlement say the tobacco companies are getting off the hook too easily, and that the deal's public health provisions are unacceptably riddled with loopholes. But the attorneys general who negotiated the settlement defended it as a good deal-but clearly not as a panacea. Ultimately, they feel, Congress should pass legislation to provide essential reforms, including full Food and Drug Administration authority over tobacco.  (+info)

Turning over a new leaf. Tobacco. (3/764)

Anticipating a diminishing market for cigarettes and other tobacco products in the future, researchers around the country are studying alternative uses for tobacco plants. The most promising field of research for tobacco involves the genetic engineering of tobacco plants to produce various substances such as industrial chemicals, pharmaceuticals, and consumer product ingredients. Tobacco has been called the "fruit fly of the plant kingdom" because of the ease with which it can be genetically engineered. There are countless possibilities for the use of tobacco, but current efforts are concentrating on engineering tobacco to produce vaccines, human enzymes, and plastics. Tobacco researchers have been successful in expressing bovine lysozyme, an enzyme with antibacterial properties, and insulin.  (+info)

Tobacco control advocates must demand high-quality media campaigns: the California experience. (4/764)

OBJECTIVE: To document efforts on the part of public officials in California to soften the media campaign's attack on the tobacco industry and to analyse strategies to counter those efforts on the part of tobacco control advocates. METHODS: Data were gathered from interviews with programme participants, direct observation, written materials, and media stories. In addition, internal documents were released by the state's Department of Health Services in response to requests made under the California Public Records Act by Americans for Nonsmokers' Rights. Finally, a draft of the paper was circulated to 11 key players for their comments. RESULTS: In 1988 california voters enacted Proposition 99, an initiative that raised the tobacco tax by $0.25 and allocated 20% of the revenues to anti-tobacco education. A media campaign, which was part of the education programme, directly attacked the tobacco industry, exposing the media campaign to politically based efforts to shut it down or soften it. Through use of outsider strategies such as advertising, press conferences, and public meetings, programme advocates were able to counter the efforts to soften the campaign. CONCLUSION: Anti-tobacco media campaigns that expose industry manipulation are a key component of an effective tobacco control programme. The effectiveness of these campaigns, however, makes them a target for elimination by the tobacco industry. The experience from California demonstrates the need for continuing, aggressive intervention by nongovernmental organisations in order to maintain the quality of anti-tobacco media campaigns.  (+info)

Features of sales promotion in cigarette magazine advertisements, 1980-1993: an analysis of youth exposure in the United States. (5/764)

OBJECTIVE: To examine the presence of features of sales promotion in cigarette advertising in United States magazines, and to describe trends in youth (ages 12-17) exposure to such advertising (termed "promotional advertising"). DESIGN: Analysis of 1980-1993 annual data on: (a) total pages and expenditures for "promotional advertising" (advertising that contains features of sales promotion) in 36 popular magazines (all magazines for which data were available), by cigarette brand; and (b) readership characteristics for each magazine. We defined promotional advertising as advertisements that go beyond the simple advertising of the product and its features to include one or more features of sales promotion, such as coupons, "retail value added" promotions, contests, sweepstakes, catalogues, specialty item distribution, and sponsorship of public entertainment or sporting events. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Total pages of, and expenditures for promotional advertising in magazines; and gross impressions (number of readers multiplied by the number of pages of promotional advertising) among youth and total readership. RESULTS: During the period 1980-1993, tobacco companies spent $90.2 million on promotional advertising in the 36 magazines. The proportion of promotional advertising appearing in "youth" magazines (defined as magazines with a greater than average proportion of youth readers) increased from 7% in 1980 to nearly 100% in 1987. Although youth readers represented only 19% of magazine readers, the proportion of youth gross impressions to total gross impressions of tobacco promotional advertising exceeded this value throughout the entire period 1985-1993, peaking at 33% in 1987. The five "youth" cigarette brands (defined as brands smoked by at least 2.5% of smokers aged 10-15 years in 1993) accounted for 59% of promotional advertising in all magazines, but for 83% of promotional advertising in youth magazines during the study period. CONCLUSIONS: In their magazine advertising, cigarette companies are preferentially exposing young people to advertisements that contain sales promotional features.  (+info)

Sharing the blame: smoking experimentation and future smoking-attributable mortality due to Joe Camel and Marlboro advertising and promotions. (6/764)

BACKGROUND: Despite public denials, internal tobacco company documents indicate that adolescents have long been the target of cigarette advertising and promotional activities. Recent longitudinal evidence suggests that 34% of new experimentation occurs because of advertising and promotions. OBJECTIVE: To apportion responsibility for smoking experimentation and future smoking-attributable mortality among major cigarette brands attractive to young people (Camel and Marlboro). DATA SOURCES, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: Data were from confirmed never-smoking adolescents (12-17 years old) responding to the 1993 (n = 2659) and 1996 (n = 2779) population-based California Tobacco Surveys. MAIN OUTCOMES: Adolescents named the brand of their favourite cigarette advertisements and tobacco promotional items. Using these "market shares" and the relative importance of advertising and promotions in encouraging smoking, we estimated how many new experimenters from 1988 to 1998 in the United States can be attributed to Camel and Marlboro. From other data on the natural history of smoking, we projected how many future deaths in the United States can be attributed to each brand. RESULTS: Although Camel advertisements were favoured more than Marlboro and other brands in 1993 and 1996, the "market share" for promotional items shifted markedly during this period from Camel and other brands towards Marlboro. We estimated that between 1988 and 1998, there will be 7.9 million new experimenters because of tobacco advertising and promotions. This will result in 4.7 million new established smokers: 2.1, 1.2, and 1.4 million due to Camel, Marlboro, and other brands' advertising and promotions, respectively. Of these, 1.2 million will eventually die from smoking-attributable diseases: 520,000 from Camel, 300,000 from Marlboro, and the remainder from other brands. CONCLUSIONS: Our analysis provides a reasonable first estimate at sharing the blame for the long-term health consequences of smoking among the major brands that encourage adolescents to start smoking.  (+info)

Consensus for tobacco policy among former state legislators using the policy Delphi method. (7/764)

OBJECTIVE: To test a novel approach for building consensus about tobacco control policies among legislators. DESIGN: A pilot study was conducted using a two-round, face-to-face policy Delphi method. PARTICIPANTS: Randomly selected sample of 30 former Kentucky legislators (60% participation rate). MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE: Consensus on tobacco control and tobacco farming policies. RESULTS: Former state legislators were more supportive of tobacco control policies than expected, and highly supportive of lessening the state's dependence on tobacco. Former state legislators were in agreement with 43% of the second-round items for which there was no agreement at the first round, demonstrating a striking increase in consensus. With new information from their colleagues, former lawmakers became more supportive of workplace smoking restrictions, limitations on tobacco promotional items, and modest excise tax increases. CONCLUSIONS: The policy Delphi method has the potential for building consensus for tobacco control and tobacco farming policies among state legislators. Tobacco control advocates in other states might consider using the policy Delphi method with policymakers in public and private sectors.  (+info)

Arizona's tobacco control initiative illustrates the need for continuing oversight by tobacco control advocates. (8/764)

BACKGROUND: In 1994, Arizona voters approved Proposition 200 which increased the tobacco tax and earmarked 23% of the new revenues for tobacco education programmes. OBJECTIVE: To describe the campaign to pass Proposition 200, the legislative debate that followed the passage of the initiative, and the development and implementation of the tobacco control programme. DESIGN: This is a case study. Data were collected through semi-structured interviews with key players in the initiative campaign and in the tobacco education programme, and written records (campaign material, newspapers, memoranda, public records). RESULTS: Despite opposition from the tobacco industry, Arizonans approved an increase in the tobacco tax. At the legislature, health advocates in Arizona successfully fought the tobacco industry attempts to divert the health education funds and pass preemptive legislation. The executive branch limited the scope of the programme to adolescents and pregnant women. It also prevented the programme from attacking the tobacco industry or focusing on secondhand smoke. Health advocates did not put enough pressure at the executive branch to force it to develop a comprehensive tobacco education programme. CONCLUSIONS: It is not enough for health advocates to campaign for an increase in tobacco tax and to protect the funds at the legislature. Tobacco control advocates must closely monitor the development and implementation of tax-funded tobacco education programmes at the administrative level and be willing to press the executive to implement effective programmes.  (+info)

Tobacco firms used the fight against HIV/AIDS as a smokescreen to hinder tobacco control efforts in developing countries, researchers have revealed.. Big tobacco companies lobbied for funding and initiatives to combat AIDS to distract from the health problems caused by smoking and prevent regulations restricting tobacco use, a paper says.. In both Latin America and Sub-Saharan Africa, Philip Morris and British American Tobacco championed the AIDS response in order to delegitimize efforts to develop the World Health Organizations Framework Convention on Tobacco Control, says the paper published in the Journal of Social Aspects of HIV/AIDS on 29 March. The convention was eventually adopted in 2003.. Transnational tobacco companies aimed to generate competition between the two health issues for resources and policy attention to protect their interests from stronger regulation, the authors write.. ...
Heide Weishaar and colleagues did an analysis of internal tobacco industry documents together with other data and describe the industrys strategic response to the proposed World Health Organization Framework Convention on Tobacco Control.
Today marks World No Tobacco Day, organized by the World Health Organization Framework Convention on Tobacco Control. The website of the World Health Organization has a database of images and graphic warnings-catalogued by disease and country-that vividly illustrate the potential health consequences of using tobacco. The site is continually updated.. Below are some examples of health effects images from several countries. Note before you click-many of the images are disturbing.. ...
The American Legislative Exchange Council (ALEC) is an influential, under-the-radar organization that facilitates collaboration between many of the most powerful corporations in America and state-level legislative representatives. Elected officials then introduce legislation approved by corporations in state houses across the U.S., without disclosing that the bills were
The release of over 27 million pages of internal tobacco industry documents as a result of discovery processes in The State of Minnesota and Blue Cross and Blue Shield of Minnesota versus Philip Morriset al and other legal cases has provided tobacco control researchers and advocates with unprecedented opportunities to understand more about the inner workings of the industry. Documents are available for public viewing at the Minnesota Tobacco Document Depository, which opened in Minneapolis in 1998, at the Guildford Document Depository in Guildford, England, and on the world wide web, accessible through and other sites. In addition, through websites, users can get access to documents produced under the state litigation in Washington, Mississippi, Florida, and Texas, and selections from the British American Tobacco documents housed at Guildford, UK. (see other tobacco documents resources, below).. Though the vast majority of documents are from the Minnesota case, ...
World Health Organization Geneva, Switzerland WHO FRAMEWORK CONVENTION ON TOBACCO CONTROL World Health Organization 2003 WHO Library Cataloguing-in-Publication Data WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco
Study objective: To examine the involvement of Philip Morris in Living Tomorrow 2 and determine the rationale behind its involvement.. Design: Research was conducted through a web based search of internal tobacco industry documents made publicly available through litigation.. Main results: For approximately €1 000 000 Philip Morris (now Altria) became a co-initiator of Living Tomorrow 2, a tourist complex in Belgium that aims to demonstrate how we will be living in the future. In addition to promoting the company and its grocery products, Philip Morris is using the complex and its website to promote ventilation as a means of accommodating smokers and non-smokers in the indoor environment. Particular emphasis was placed on the bar and restaurant areas. Despite the rationale for its involvement, Philip Morris fails to acknowledge its role as a cigarette manufacturer. As a form of corporate sponsorship Philip Morris thought its involvement could evade any European tobacco advertising ...
Clive Bates, public heath commentator and former head of Action on Smoking and Health in the United Kingdom, and Sally Satel, resident scholar at the American Enterprise Institute. …This week, India is hosting a major meeting focusing on the WHOs Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (FCTC), a landmark 2003 global treaty on tobacco control. The most controversial issue under discussion will be the treatment of electronic cigarettes. The debate could not be more polarized. … Faced with … dueling reports [on the potential risks and benefits of electronic cigarettes], what should delegates at the FCTC meeting actually do? … Regulations that make electronic cigarettes less accessible, less palatable, more expensive, less consumer friendly, and less satisfying, or that slow down innovation, will tilt the market back in favor of tobacco cigarettes. If that happens, the result will be more cancer, heart, and lung disease, and premature deaths. … [W]e urge [delegates] to carefully consider ...
de Seixas Corrêa, Luiz Felipe. (‎2002)‎. The framework convention on tobacco control.. Bulletin of the World Health Organization, 80 (‎12)‎, 924. World Health Organization. ...
World Health Organization, Regional Office for South-East Asia. (‎2004)‎. WHO framework convention on tobacco control. WHO Regional Office for South-East Asia. ...
In November 1998, four of the major cigarette manufacturers-Philip Morris, RJ Reynolds, Brown & Williamson and Lorillard-settled lawsuits filed by New Mexico, 45 other states, and the District of Columbia that the State had initiated to recover a portion of the health care costs that cigarette smoking had imposed on the States. This agreement is known as the Tobacco Master Settlement Agreement or MSA. Under the MSA, the settling cigarette manufacturers agree to certain prohibitions and restrictions on the marketing and advertising of their products and also agree to make annual payments to the States. Since the MSA was first executed over forty cigarette manufacturers have joined the agreement.. In connection with the MSA, the State of New Mexico enacted certain laws that regulate cigarette manufacturers who wish to sell their product in New Mexico. One key statute is located at NMSA 1978, Sections 6-4-12 &13(1999) and is commonly known as the Model Escrow Statute. That statute requires a ...
In 1981 an influential Japanese study showed an association between passive smoking and lung cancer. This article documents the tobacco industrys attempts to refute this study by producing a credible alternative study. In 1981 Japanese investigator Takeshi Hirayama published a cohort study examining the association of passive smoking and lung cancer among non-smoking wives of smokers in Japan.1 The study concluded that wives of heavy smokers had up to twice the risk of developing lung cancer as wives of non-smokers and that the risk was dose related. The Hirayama study was influential because it launched an extraordinary amount of critical debate 2 3 and has been one of the most frequently cited studies in regulatory proceedings, 4 5 risk assessments,6 and the media.7. The tobacco industry has used a variety of tactics to maintain scientific debate about whether secondhand smoke has any harmful effects. 5 6 8-14 We identify and analyse internal tobacco industry documents that describe the ...
Downloadable! The 1998 Master Settlement Agreement resolved the unprecedented litigation in which the states sought to recoup the cigarette-related Medicaid costs. The litigation was settled through a combination of negotiated regulatory requirements and financial payments of about $250 billion over 25 years. Settlement payments received by states are strongly related to smoking-related medical costs but are also related to political factors. The payments largely took the form of an excise tax equivalent, raising potential antitrust concerns. The regulatory restrictions imposed by the agreement also raised antitrust concerns. However, there has been no evident shift in industry concentration. The increase in advertising and marketing expenses has largely taken the form of price discounts. The settlement sidestepped the usual procedures pertaining to the imposition of taxes and the promulgation of new regulations.(This abstract was borrowed from another version of this item.)
The tobacco settlement agreements created fundamental changes in how tobacco products are advertised, marketed and sold in the United States.
Internal tobacco industry documents show that clinical trials have been performed to provide support for claims of reduced exposure and health risk. Twelve previously unpublished clinical trials conducted by Philip Morris and RJ Reynolds were reviewed, as well as a large-scale observational study of human exposure to harmful constituents among smokers using conventional cigarettes. These studies were done between 1988 and 2006, and all compared products that electrically heat tobacco to a conventional tobacco-burning cigarette; one study also included a pouched smokeless tobacco product, snus, as a switching condition. Tobacco industry PREP use of switching studies seemed to accelerate in the late 1990s with the advent of Accord (Philip Morris) and Eclipse (Reynolds) products, apparently in response to the Master Settlement Agreement of 1998 and the threat of further litigation and possible Food and Drug Administration regulation of tobacco products. The internal documents provide a valuable ...
The tobacco industry considered UNICEF and the CRC as important threats because of their potential to bolster global tobacco-control movements and the FCTC. The industry aimed to neutralize this threat by positioning itself as a partner with UNICEF and focusing on issues that tobacco companies could nominally support: notably, YSP and fighting child labor. These corporate social responsibility initiatives are not genuine attempts at ethical business practice but political tools to improve the tobacco industrys credibility, gain allies and access to policymakers,72 and avoid the isolation of tobacco companies from policy decisions.73 Tobacco industry-funded YSP programs do not meaningfully address youth smoking.30,32,33 Tobacco companies have also failed to take meaningful steps to prevent child labor, such as enforcing a policy to not purchase tobacco grown by using child labor or having third parties perform audits on farms from which they buy tobacco leaves. Instead, they have invested in ...
The UCSF team determined that the average risk of a smoker developing AD, based on studies without tobacco industry affiliation, was estimated to be 1.72, meaning that smoking nearly doubled the risk of AD. In contrast, the team found that studies authored by individuals with tobacco industry affiliations, showed a risk factor of .86 (less than one), suggesting that smoking protects against AD. When all studies were considered together, the risk factor for developing AD from smoking was essentially neutral at a statistically insignificant 1.05.. Previous reviews of the association between smoking and AD have not controlled for study design and author affiliation with the tobacco industry, according to Cataldo. To determine if study authors had connections to the tobacco industry, the UCSF team analyzed 877 previously secret tobacco industry documents.. The researchers used an inclusive definition of tobacco industry affiliation and examined authors current or past funding, employment, paid ...
This site provides an introduction to global tobacco control. Presents the health and economic burden of tobacco use worldwide and highlights practical approaches to tobacco prevention, control, surveillance, and evaluation. Examines transnational tobacco control issues, including the following: the interpretation and packaging of epidemiologic evidence for policy makers, the determinants of tobacco addiction, the economics of global tobacco control, tobacco industry strategies, legal foundations for regulation, and basic surveillance and evaluation methods using lectures, case-studies, and discussion ...
Locuri de munca in la British American Tobacco . Job-uri in BUCURESTI, Ilfov la British American Tobacco . full-time. 0 - 1 an experienta.
The merger with Rothmans is followed by a major change to the Groups interests in the Canadian market, now the largest generator of profit for the Group. During 2000, Rothmans Canadian interests are sold, while the outstanding shares in Imasco, an associate of British American Tobacco, are purchased and its non-tobacco interests are sold. Now a wholly-owned subsidiary focused solely on tobacco, the Canadian operation is known as Imperial Tobacco Canada. In 2001, the Group announces a series of new investments in countries such as Turkey, Egypt, Vietnam, South Korea and Nigeria. British American Tobacco celebrates its centenary in 2002. It reaffirms its faith in its people, its products and the tobacco industry as a whole with new investments in Nigeria, South Korea and Turkey. That same year, it becomes the first tobacco company to publish a Social Report. The following year British American Tobacco gains control of Perus Tabacalera Nacional and wins bids for Italys former state tobacco ...
06 January 2012 Toronto - The Ontario Superior Court has ruled that foreign parent tobacco companies must remain as defendants in the Ontario Governments $50 billion medicare cost-recovery lawsuit against the tobacco industry. This means the Ontario government lawsuit may proceed against foreign tobacco companies in addition to their Canadian subsidiaries. The lawsuit was initially launched in 2009 to recover health care costs due to tobacco-related illnesses, however several of the companies named in the court case applied to be removed from the lawsuit. With this ruling, that application was rejected.. Foreign companies, such as British American Tobacco and Philip Morris International, had brought a motion seeking to be removed as defendants. The ruling on the motion was rendered earlier in the week, and was announced today by Ontario Attorney General John Gerretsen.. This is great news and a significant defeat for the tobacco industry, says Rob Cunningham, lawyer and Senior Policy Analyst ...
The community ability s to access these documents is critical. These documents can provide a powerful resource to tobacco control advocates engaged in community awareness and education, policy initiatives, and prevention and cessation efforts. From our own use of the tobacco industry documents, we have found the messages within the documents to be insightful, alarming, and even empowering. We expect that they will have a similar impact on the communities who are able to access them through our online library ...
Colorado provides an example of how the industry acted in the other listed Western states as well. In Colorado, the tobacco industry noted that widespread sentiment existed for a statewide smoking law, and that even the industrys usual ally, the Colorado Restaurant Association, favored such legislation. To head off this pending disaster, the industry planned to introduce a weak statewide smoking restriction measure with moderate provisions that would institutionalize certain smokers rights and dramatically weaken one of the strongest statewide GASP organizations in the country. The then-governor of Colorado (2003), Bill Owens, was identified in the document as a friendly member of the House Local Government Committee (consistently favorable to tobacco interests) who could offer a substitute bill with desireable provisions with a good chance of having it adopted and passed out of committee... The writer of the memo describes the industrys strategy: Publicly, tobacco industry advocates ...
Tobacco Advisory Council (TAC) was a British tobacco industry trade and lobbying group that served as the U.K. equivalent of the Tobacco Institute in the US. It was the de facto National Manufacturers Association (NMA), based in London, and the tobacco lobbying group in Britain which was the equivalent of the Tobacco Institute in the U.S. Until September 1979 it had been known as the Tobacco Research Council. TAC primarily operated to delay and obstruct tobacco control legislation and preserve the social acceptability of smoking. Member companies included the Gallaher, British American Tobacco, Imperial Tobacco, and Rothmans Tobacco. TAC engaged in various programs and activities aimed at confusing the public about the scientific consensus that secondhand smoke harms the health of nonsmokers. The public relations company Daniel J. Edelman Ltd. (now known as Edelman), assisted TAC and in 1987 prepared a proposal, Managing the ETS [Environmental Tobacco Smoke] Issue that stated the overall ...
LONDON, June 14 (Reuters) - An influential body of British politicians on Wednesday condemned the behaviour of the tobacco industry, saying the lack of regulation was lamentable.. Parliaments cross-party Health Select Committee called on the government to press ahead with an advertising ban, beef up education about the dangers of smoking and standardise packaging of all tobacco products with prominent health warnings. ``The tobacco industry has run rings around successive governments for 50 years. Regulation is still entirely inadequate, Labour MP David Hinchliffe, the committees chairman, told reporters. The committee said tobacco cost at least four million lives worldwide in 1998 and that on present trends, 250 million of the children alive today will be killed by smoking. The MPs said cigarette packets should have clear labelling making it clear that they were ``drug-delivery devices, creating addiction through nicotine. Tobacco giants like British American Tobacco, Gallaher faced a ...
This study relies on statements made by cigarette manufacturers individually and collectively through the Tobacco Industry Research Committee (TIRC), Council for Tobacco Research (CTR), Center for Indoor Air Research (CIAR), and the Tobacco Institute (TI) on the subject of smoking and health. All of these organizations were financially supported by tobacco companies. The TIRC was established in 1954 with the goal of supporting independent research on the relationship between smoking and health. In 1964, the TIRC was renamed the CTR but operated with the same management structure until 1998 when it closed. The CIAR was formed in 1988 by tobacco companies to sponsor research on indoor air issues and to facilitate communication of research findings to the broad scientific community. The TI was established in 1958 and operated as public relations and lobbying organization for the tobacco industry. CTR, CIAR, and TI all were closed down as part of the 1988 Master Settlement Agreement ...
FC: Tobacco Industry In North Carolina. 1: 5 Important Facts , 1. One fact is that Durham N.C open the fist automatic cigarette factory in North Carolina. 2. One of the tobacco industries is still the largest in North Carolina and second largest in the USA. 3. North Carolina in the 1880s and the early 1900s has been one of the most dominant leaders in tobacco. 4. The tobacco developed after the civil war. 5. Even in the old days and currently farmers really grow tobacco.. 2: These are some pictures of tobacco in North Carolina.. 4: 1 . R.J Reynolds- He created the second largest company in United States America 2. A.C Monk tobacco company- A company in North Carolina 3. Lorillard tobacco company- it is another company 4. The Victorian Italianate W. T. Blackwell or Bull Durham Tobacco Building is one of oldest factory buildings in Durham. 5. Durham had the first automatic cigarette company. , 5 People And Companies. 5: Questions: , Does this industry exist today? This industry exist today. ...
Lagos, Nigeria: A temporary kiosk visible from Apapa Senior High School gate, displaying BAT cigarettes on the counter next to sweets and snacks. Photo by ATCA. While tobacco consumption globally is decreasing, in the coming decades the number of smokers in Africa is anticipated to rise by nearly 40% from 2010 levels. This is the largest expected increase in the world.. British American Tobacco (BAT) claims to be committed to the highest standards of corporate conduct. [1] However, it has a long history of selling its deadly products in Africa, and the continent is a key region for growth for the company. It is predicted that one billion people will die from tobacco use globally by 2100. Millions of these will be in Africa. [2]. In Kenya, where BAT controls some 70 per cent of the market, the countrys Tobacco Control Act took more than 13 years to be passed, largely due to what has been labelled by the Kenya Ministry of Public Health and Sanitation as intimidation and interference from ...
British American Tobacco (BAT) is still optimistic on pursuing investments in the Philippines despite the difficulties it is encountering in getting a level playing in the local tobacco industry.
The Netherlands and the European Union have joined the WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (FCTC). The FCTC aims to reduce tobacco use and has more than 170 parties worldwide. Article 9 of the FCTC deals with the composition of tobacco products, including the additives. According to Article 10 of the FCTC, tobacco manufacturers must disclose this composition to the governments of the countries where they market their products.. The FCTC recommends prohibiting or regulating the use of flavour-enhancing additives such as sugars, menthol and vanilla. These additives contribute toward making it easier for people to start and continue smoking. In countries such as the United States, Canada, Australia and France, the addition of flavour-enhancing additives to tobacco is already (partly) prohibited.. ...
Tobacco use is distinguished from other health problems by the presence of an aggressive, multinational tobacco industry whose institutional goals are incompatible with those of public health. Corporate social responsibility (CSR) initiatives are an important and under-recognized means by which the tobacco industry seeks to thwart public health and create a tobacco-favorable policy environment in the US and globally. By engaging in responsible activities (such as establishing youth smoking prevention programs, and contributing to worthy causes), the tobacco industry enhances its image and counters negative publicity, frames the tobacco problem as one of responsible consumption and marketing, and provides policymakers with reasons to engage with the industry. The almost unlimited financial resources and ability of multinational tobacco companies to undermine public health efforts through CSR constitutes one of the greatest obstacles to stemming the tobacco epidemic, particularly in low ...
In 2003, 168 countries signed the worlds first public health treaty: the Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (FCTC). The FCTC legally bound countries to enforce major tobacco control measures, ranging from tobacco taxes to regulations on public smoking. Through a massive international effort, the FCTC has assisted countries to improve their tobacco prevention programs, and the treaty continues to be a basis for many new programs that are implementing evidence-based tobacco control strategies.. In an article in PLoS Medicine, we publish new data showing that the food and beverage industrys activities in low- and middle-income countries parallel that of the tobacco industry in years past; moreover, as cardiovascular disease and diabetes rates rise in poor nations, junk food, soda, and alcohol are statistically the major factors giving rise to deaths among working-age populations, and the newest evidence suggests that educational programs alone arent effective when markets are drowned by ...
Background: Philip Morris Philippines Manufacturing Inc. (PMPMI) is an affiliate of Philip Morris International (PMI), the most successful cigarette company in the world. In the Philippines, PMPMI manufactures and distributes the worlds number 1 cigarette brand Marlboro and Philip Morris Menthol cigarettes. It also has the worlds number two brand L&M as its mid-priced product. Completing its diversified portfolio, PMPMI has low-price brands Bowling Gold, Stork and Miller. Philip Morris products, particularly Marlboro has been in the Philippine market since 1955. Our products then were manufactured and sold under license with La Suerte Cigar and Cigarette Company. PMI is the most successful international cigarette company today with almost a quarter share of the entire adult cigarette market. Locally, PMPMI now enjoys a 31.3 percent share of market by the end of 2006 ...
Background: Philip Morris Philippines Manufacturing Inc. (PMPMI) is an affiliate of Philip Morris International (PMI), the most successful cigarette company in the world. In the Philippines, PMPMI manufactures and distributes the worlds number 1 cigarette brand Marlboro and Philip Morris Menthol cigarettes. It also has the worlds number two brand L&M as its mid-priced product. Completing its diversified portfolio, PMPMI has low-price brands Bowling Gold, Stork and Miller. Philip Morris products, particularly Marlboro has been in the Philippine market since 1955. Our products then were manufactured and sold under license with La Suerte Cigar and Cigarette Company. PMI is the most successful international cigarette company today with almost a quarter share of the entire adult cigarette market. Locally, PMPMI now enjoys a 31.3 percent share of market by the end of 2006 ...
Islamabad: Tobacco control advocates on Thursday appreciated the government for not succumbing to the pressure from tobacco industry and retaining the two tier structure for tobacco taxation in the...
While much excitement has been generated surrounding evidence-based medicine, internal documents from the pharmaceutical industry suggest that the publicly available evidence base may not accurately...
British American Tobacco Plc (LSE: BATS, AMEX: BTI, KLSE: BAT) é a maior empresa de tabaco do mundo, presente em mais de 200 países. Tem sede em Londres. A empresa é acionista majoritária da companhia de tabaco brasileira Souza Cruz, com sede no Rio de Janeiro. possui três usinas de processamento (Santa Cruz do Sul, Blumenau e Rio Negro) outras unidades em São Paulo e Porto Alegre sendo a maior a de Santa Cruz do Sul em todo o Grupo BAT. E também da R. J. Reynolds Tobacco Company no EUA ... ATLANTA - The United States proposed this week to bar tobacco companies from using special trade tribunals to sue or threaten countries that passed antismoking laws, hoping to remove one roadblock to what would be the largest regional trade agreement in history.. The tobacco provision remains tentative, but its inclusion in the 12-nation Trans-Pacific Partnership being negotiated here would be a major victory for public health advocates and could set a precedent for other trade pacts.. Tobacco companies have been using existing global trade agreements to counter antismoking laws, especially in poorer nations, and advocates fear that the Pacific trade accord could provide another legal weapon.. Public health experts said the tobacco industrys use of so-called Investor-State Dispute Settlement tribunals had become so widespread that many poorer countries were abandoning their ...
Kentuckya��s latest share of a multi-billion-dollar national tobacco settlement agreement is $102 million with more money on the way, says the Governora��s Office of Agricultural Policy.
Corporate Social Responsibility can bring real business benefits by reducing risk, by enhancing brand value, by opening doors and creating good will, and by improving staff efficiency and morale. Nevertheless, there remains a protracted debate about the legitimacy and value of corporate responses to CSR concerns. Knowledge about the effect of Corporate Social Responsibility on corporate financial performance contributes to the debate about whether managers systematically miss profit opportunities if they decide against it. There are different views about a firms role in society and disagreements as to whether wealth maximization should be the sole goal of a corporation. Using extensive data over a time period, this study will explore and test the sign of the relationship between corporate social responsibility and financial performance. More specifically, the purpose of this study is to examine whether Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) announcements or events, have any effect on a firms ...
Apply to 114 Corporate social responsibility planning officer Jobs on, Hong Kongs Best Online Job Portal. Find Latest Corporate social responsibility planning officer Job vacancies for Freshers & Experienced across Top Companies.
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Corporate Counsel at British American Tobacco Nigeria Corporate Counsel at British American Tobacco Nigeria - British American Tobacco has an exciting opportunity for a Corporate [...]…
In 2014, the American University of Armenia (AUA) School of Public Health (SPH) was one of the 19 organizations worldwide that was competitively awarded the 2-year grant to expand the work in the field of tobacco dependence treatment. The grant was presented by Global Bridges Healthcare Alliance for Tobacco Dependence Treatment and hosted by the Mayo Clinic and Pfizer Independent Grants for Learning & Change (IGLC) and aimed to develop national capacity in implementing the World Health Organization (WHO) Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (FCTC) Article 14 in Armenia (view the project poster here).. The SPH envisioned development of the national capacity in implementation of best practices for the tobacco dependence treatment in Armenia through development of a smoking cessation training program for practicing primary healthcare physicians in Armenia. The application of the existing best practices in a transition country such as Armenia required a careful examination and a thorough ...
February 2013 - The Suriname Parliament unanimously passed comprehensive tobacco control legislation on 7 February 2013.. The Suriname Ministry of Health with the assistance of the Pan American Health Organization authored the tobacco control bill. During the Parliamentary debate, members of Parliament were presented with examples of best legislative practices from Parties to the WHO FCTC in an attempt to sensitize them about the benefits of implementing comprehensive tobacco control strategies, including those aimed at preventing exposure to tobacco smoke. The legislation will be enforced from 7 June 2013. The bill was passed despite attempts by hospitality and tobacco industry lobbyists to modify the draft legislation in order to permit designated smoking areas, exempt casinos and allow tobacco promotion.. The new act includes measures such as: ...
Tobacco advertising ban is a huge victory for public health As the Tobacco Advertising and Promotion bill reached its final stages, [1] ASH said the measure marked a major step forward in the campaign to reduce smoking. ASH Research Manager Amanda Sandford commented:. This is a victory for public health. The government is to be congratulated for putting the health of the nation firmly before the commercial interests of the tobacco industry. The measure is long overdue but we are delighted that at long last the UK will be joining the growing list of countries that have banned tobacco advertising and promotion. It is an important health measure that will save around 3,000 lives a year.. Ms Sandford added that the ban will strengthen the call for international action to curb tobacco promotion.. The ban should bolster the UKs position in the current negotiations of the WHOs Framework Convention on Tobacco Control which, if successful, will result in a global treaty on tobacco control. ...
Tobacco Industry. Tobacco Industry: The tobacco industry consists off jobs regarding to stemming tobacco and manufacturing cigarettes, cigars, chewing tobacco, smoking tobacco, and snuff. jobs regarding to the manufacture of cigarettes from vegetable substances are also included in this description. Other job industries: ...
Theres been an 11 percent drop in the nations smoking rate from 1997 to 99 - but Iowas smoking rate dropped only four percent during that period. Iowa Attorney General Tom Miller says states which have aggressive, government-sponsored anti-smoking campaigns are more successful in curbing smoking.Miller and Governor Vilsack suggest using about 10-million dollars from the states tobacco settlement money on an anti-smoking campaign. Republican legislators next week will make a decision on how to use the 74-million Iowa will get this year from the cigarette-makers.Miller says five-thousand Iowans die each year from smoking-related illnesses.Over the next 25 years, Iowa will be paid an estimated two-BILLION dollars from tobacco companies as a result of the lawsuit brought by the state.Governor Tom Vilsack is pressuring Republican legislators to commit 12-and-a-half million dollars of the tobacco settlement money to substance abuse programs. To bolster his arguement, Vilsack staged a news ...
MUMBAI: This interview is part of an ongoing series of interviews with CSR executives world wide. As part of our Corporate Sustainability & Responsibility (CSR) interview series, Rusen Kumar & Harsha Mukherjee talked Trisa Thompson, vice president of corporate responsibility at DELL about corporate responsibility at Dell. Thanks again to Trisa Thompson for taking the time to share her vision, views and thoughts on Corporate Responsibility with INDIACSR.. She advocated that Corporate Social Responsibility is and should be a vital part of any company.. Corporate Social Responsibility not only ensures that companies conduct their efforts with integrity, it encourage a responsible way to do business in the marketplace. CSR is a strategic imperative that provides companies with real business value. It is something that has become increasingly important to our customers and continues to remain a business imperative for us. She added.. Below is the edited transcript of the interview. Welcome to ...
Issuu is a digital publishing platform that makes it simple to publish magazines, catalogs, newspapers, books, and more online. Easily share your publications and get them in front of Issuus millions of monthly readers. Title: Tidyco Ltd | Corporate Social Responsibility, Author: Barry Aldridge Marketing, Name: Tidyco Ltd | Corporate Social Responsibility, Length: 12 pages, Page: 1, Published: 2017-02-23
Enroll now for Certified Corporate Social Responsibility VS-1195 Courses & Certifications Online through Monster Education. Get Flexible batch timings for Certified Corporate Social Responsibility VS-1195 24/7 access to E-learning Industry certified mentors.
Corporate social responsibility is a form of corporate self-regulation integrated into a business model. CSR policy functions as a built-in, self-regulating mechanism whereby business monitors and ensures its active compliance with the spirit of the law, ethical standards, and international norms. Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) has been on the agenda in India for a considerable period. Most big Indian corporations are engaged in some CSR activities
PROJECT TOPIC- CORPORATE SOCIAL RESPONSIBILITY OF A BUSINESS ORGANISATION ABSTRACT This project is centered on Corporate Social Responsibility of a Business
In 2011, the Asian Institute of Management developed teaching material on Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) in the mining sector. The material, prepared by the Institutes Ramon V. del Rosario, Sr. Center for Corporate Social Responsibility (AIM-RVR Center), highlighted best CSR practices and relevant regulations and guidelines in the mining sector in Asia Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC) economies. This APEC-funded project is geared towards implementing sustainable development initiatives in the mining sector ...
Citation: Crowther, D. (2008) The maturing of corporate social responsibility: a developmental process. In: Crowther, D. and Capaldi, N. (eds). The Ashgate research companion to corporate social responsibility. Aldershot: Ashgate, pp. 19-30. ...
TSET is an endowment trust established with payments from the 1998 Master Settlement Agreement (MSA) between 46 states and the tobacco industry. In November 2000, with passage of State Question 692, Oklahoma became the first and only state to direct its tobacco settlement payments into a constitutionally-protected trust fund. Under the measure, 75 percent of…
Green Paper on corporate social responsibility. 1) OBJECTIVE. To launch a wide debate on how the European Union could promote corporate social responsibility on a European and International level, in particular, on how to make the most of existing experiences, to encourage the development of innovative practices, to bring greater transparency and to increase reliability in evaluating and validating the various initiatives undertaken in Europe.. 2) ACT. Green Paper - Promoting a European framework for Corporate Social Responsibility [COM(2001) 366 - Not published in the Official Journal].. 3) SUMMARY. Background Corporate social responsibility can make a positive contribution to the strategic goal decided by the Lisbon European Council: to become the most competitive and dynamic knowledge-based economy in the world. A European approach to corporate social responsibility forms part of the broader context of various international initiatives, such as the United Nations Global Compact (2000), the ...
Article Does the application of corporate social responsibility support a high performance organisation in achieving better results? The case of mining multinationals in Peru. Recent literature indicates that the application of corporate social respo...
Smoking in Ecuador is more common among men and younger people. More than half of Ecuadorian smokers desire to quit. The Government of Ecuador plans to reduce second-hand smoke in public spaces by 2012. The tobacco industry in Ecuador includes the major players of Tabacalera Andina SA (a subsidiary of Philip Morris International Inc) and British American Tobacco (South America) Ltd. Smoking is expected to decrease as the government enacts laws and the public becomes more aware of the dangers of smoking. Smoking is common in bars and dance clubs, but non-smoking signs in restaurants in Quito are generally respected. In 2006, Ecuador adopted the WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control, emphasizing Smoke-Free environments, reforms on tobacco promotion and marketing, product packaging and labeling, and clear plans to enact laws to promote tobacco cessation. In 2011, the Ecuadorian Parliament adopted the Tobacco Control and Regulation Bill to enforce strict regulations on the promotion and ...
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Certainly no tobacco advertising is concerned with encouraging nonsmokers to start or existing smokers to smoke more and it seems blindingly obvious that, unless you are a smoker, tobacco advertising or sponsorship has absolutely no influence whatsoever in persuading or motivating a purchase. (1986). But according to advertising executive Emerson Foote, former CEO of McCann-Erickson, which has handled millions of dollars in tobacco industry accounts:. The cigarette industry has been artfully maintaining that cigarette advertising has nothing to do with total sales. This is complete and utter nonsense. The industry knows it is nonsense. I am always amused by the suggestion that advertising, a function that has been shown to increase consumption of virtually every other product, somehow miraculously fails to work for tobacco products. (1988). Inadvertently supporting this view is Gareth Davies, chief executive of Imperial Tobacco, who while commenting on a proposed advertising ban in the United ...
Using internal documents from tobacco companies from the Legacy Tobacco Document archives, the studys authors reviewed a wealth of correspondence, contracts, marketing plans and payment receipts that shed light on the industrys multifaceted, highly effective campaign.. Jacklers ongoing research into the history of tobacco company advertising has resulted in several published studies on the topic, sparked in part by his collection of thousands of historical cigarette ads exhibited online at, the originals now donated to the Smithsonian Institution. He also spearheaded a group called the Stanford Research into the Impact of Tobacco Advertising, which analyzes the effects of tobacco advertising, marketing and promotion.. In the new paper, the authors describe how tobacco companies regularly hosted hospitality booths at otolaryngology conventions from which they gave out free cigarettes, sometimes with packs embossed with the doctors names. In major cities all over ...
In an increasingly globalized, flatter world, multi-national corporations are currently operating in some of the poorest countries in the world. Focusing on American-based multinational corporations in African countries, this paper examines how businesses can best interact with non-governmental organizations and other influencing bodies to successfully adapt to a changing world. It will explore how public relations affects this delicate, evolving relationship, specifically in the form of corporate social responsibility, and how the success of such a relationship can influence the perceptions and ultimately the business practices of multinational corporations. Finally, it will consider what ethical responsibilities -- if any -- multinational corporations have toward not only their shareholders and consumers, but to all stakeholders, especially those who belong to the populations of the countries in which they operate ...
PPG Industries received the CSR Award - Special Prize for the third consecutive year and was named one of the top 100 Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) companies in China at the 2012 China Social Responsibility Annual Forum in Beijing. The award
All tobacco securitizations are based on the same tobacco industry credit. As a result, you would expect offering circular disclosure to be fairly standardized. To some extent it is. However, almost every day something happens that may require changes or additions to the disclosure; for example, periodic and other filings by tobacco companies with the SEC; litigation by smokers, states, the federal government and foreign jurisdictions against one or more tobacco companies (and judgments in such litigation that could result in bankruptcy of tobacco companies); litigation by nonparticipating tobacco manufacturers and other challenges to the Master Settlement or the Model Statute; federal and state legislative and regulatory changes that may affect cigarette consumption (such as efforts to regulate tobacco as a drug or for certain types of advertising); and challenges by tobacco companies to the amount of tobacco settlement payments they owe (based on claims of inaccurate consumption data or ...
This category is about Corporate social responsibility (CSR), a form of corporate self-regulation integrated into a business model.
Press Releases get your corporate social responsibility news and information out to journalists, investors, and industry professionals utilizing CSRwires targeted reach.
Corporate social responsibility JSC «Housing Construction Savings Bank of Kazakhstan has 4 directions: 1. Fair business practice: development of activities for the welfare of society, minimizing social and environmental costs of business development, increasing the efficiency of workplaces; 2. Staff development: attracting highly qualified personnel, creating opportunities for realizing the potential through the use of best practices, investing in the development of personnel; 3. Environmental protection: adherence to the principles of the most careful and rational attitude to the environment; 4. Encouragement of charity and sponsorship: implementation of charitable programs, encouragement of personal contribution to charity. The goal of the CSR Strategy is to establish the fundamental principles and priorities that the Bank adheres to in managing CSR projects. The principles of CSR are: 1. Commitment to the mission, common values ​​and vision of the Bank; 2. Providing high-quality services ...
Press Releases get your corporate social responsibility news and information out to journalists, investors, and industry professionals utilizing CSRwires targeted reach.
ABSTRACT. Corporate social responsibility (CSR) has recently received considerable attention in literature. One of the vehicles by which companies can conform to CSR in South Africa is Black Economic Empowerment (BEE). In this regard, BEE has been employed to assist previously disadvantaged groups of investors obtain a larger share of the equity of South African listed companies. The question has often been asked whether the announcement of BEE transactions by listed companies increases shareholder wealth. This article tries to answer this question by examining the share performance of 125 BEE transactions involving 95 companies during the period January 2002 to July 2006. The results indicate a positive relation between BEE transaction announcements and shareholder wealth creation, but only during the last part of the period covered by the study.. JEL D64, G14, M14. ...
Anderson, E.: 1993, Value in Ethics and Economics (Harvard University Press, Cambridge/London). Chryssides, G. and J.H. Kaler: 1993, An introduction to business ethics (Chapman & Hall, London). Erp, H. van: 2000, Moraal geluk en verantwoordelijkheid (Van Gorcum, Assen). Eijffinger, S.C.W. and P.M. Geraats: 2002, How transparent are central banks?, CEPR Discussion Paper, Centre for Economic Policy Research, London.. Graafland, Johan J.: 2002, Modelling the trade off between profits and principles, De Economist 150, 129-54. Graafland, J.J.. B.W. van de Ven and N. Stoffele: 2002, Wat betekent maatschappelijk ondernemen concreet?, University of Tilburg, Graafland, J.J.. B.W. van de Ven and N. Stoffele: 2003, Strategies and instruments for organising CSR by small and large business in the Netherlands, Journal of Business Ethics 47, 33, 45-60. Graafland, J.J., S.C.W.Eijffinger, N.C.G.M. Stoffele, H.Smid and A.M. Coldeweijer, 2003 Corporate social responsibility of ...
Last month, the Seattle Times kicked off a four-part critical series about locally-based Amazon with an expose on the companys lack of organized philanthropy in the community. The meme is not new--weve seen similar critique emerge about Apple in the wake of Steve Jobs death and the Foxconn scandal. What was surprising was the backlash to the criticism reflected in the comments about the article on Here at Waggener Edstrom, it caused us to wonder: has the American public changed its expectations for corporate social responsibility?. Next week, two conferences go head-to-head on the topic of corporate support for public good. In Chicago, the Cause Marketing Forum (CMF) will celebrate its 10th anniversary covering the intersection of commerce and cause. In New York, the Social Innovation Summit will hold its 3rd semi-annual invitation-only networking event focused on public-private partnerships.. At first blush, it might seem surprising that two events with such overlap in ...
As a Filipino company, we at People4u believe that we are accountable to our stakeholders and to the wider community where our business operates. We want to be recognized not just as an IT and staffing solutions provider, but as a developer of people - a commitment applied to all levels of the company. We are dedicated to uplifting the Filipino people and our initiatives revolve around nurturing them. We hone talents. We promote human development by conducting work-related and self-development programs, seminars, and trainings that help employees. We have Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) activities designed to give back to the community. (Click to enlarge photos.). ...
Abstract: Corporate Social Responsibility is an increasingly important concern for businesses in the 21st century. Small and medium-sized enterprises, however, face a number of unique barriers to instituting socially and environmentally responsible measures. This thesis addresses the hypothesis that cooperation between small businesses can reduce some of these barriers. An in-depth case study of t... read morehe Independents Coffee Cooperative in Philadelphia is used to better understand the impact that cooperation can have on businesses efforts to increase social and environmental responsibility. It finds that though cooperation can reduce some of the barriers, including financial and information barriers, it also produces additional obstacles. Several recommendations are articulated to help guide other organizations or businesses interested in forming a similar values-based cooperative. read less. ...
Corporate Social Responsibility and Customer Integration - - An Empirical Investigation of Different CSR-Activities and their Effects on Customers - Heike Löber - Diplomarbeit - BWL - Offline-Marketing und Online-Marketing
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As I reflect on my past three years at CBSR, I am struck by how far the Corporate Social Responsibility and sustainability movement has come. As we work in the trenches, it is sometimes hard to appreciate just how much transformation has taken place both in our personal lives and across the corporate sector. It is worth taking a minute to congratulate each other on our progress.. Like many of you, my life straddles a couple of worlds - most specifically, my roles of mother and business consultant.. As parents, we care deeply about the social, environmental and health impacts of products that we purchase and lifestyle choices we make. I am lucky to be able to put my money where my mouth is, so to speak, and make an earnest effort to do the right thing. We were early subscribers to green power, make organic choices at our supermarket, and support community initiatives. My kids have even been known to use water savings as a way to avoid a bath! The thing is, most of my friends are doing this as ...
A number of direct benefits comes from Corporate social responsibility. You will gain a competitive advantage by building a reputation that your business is responsible. A lot of companies favour su
View Essay - IC602 - Final_Essay from ILRCB 6020 at Cornell. ILRCB 602 Corporate Social Responsibility Final Exam Part 1: Ithaca Brazil Restaurant & Foods Corp.s decision to pursue the current
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Tobacco is the most important industry in Changde. Changde Cigarette Factory (CDCF), now a subsidiary of China Tobacco Hunan ... "Tobacco Industry". Changde City Government. Archived from the original on 13 December 2013. Retrieved 7 December 2013. "Changde ... After 1949 the city developed some light industry, mostly based on such local products as wood, leather, and bristles.[citation ...
Truth Tobacco Industry Documents. Women's Tennis Association (WTA). 1985. p. 13 - via University of California San Francisco ( ...
"Ginny of Utah". Truth Tobacco Industry Documents. Philip Morris. September 17, 1983 - via University of California San ...
"Virginia Slims of Washington". Truth Tobacco Industry Documents. Philip Morris. December 1989 - via University of California ...
"1985 WTA Tournament Guide". Truth Tobacco Industry Documents. Women's Tennis Association (WTA). 1985. p. 7 - via University of ... Japan's Telegraph and Telephone Public Corporation, and its Tobacco and Salt Public Corporation, are privatized and become ... Nippon Telegraph and Telephone and Japan Tobacco respectively. In West Germany, Red Army Faction terrorists Christian Klar and ...
"The tobacco industry is famous for having seen itself as a manufacturer of two different products," he said, "tobacco and doubt ... Proctor:...The tobacco industry has ... called for further study. That is pure distraction research. At Stanford, we study how ... Proctor, who describes his specialty as "agnotology, the study of ignorance", argues that the tobacco industry has tried to ... Proctor cites as a prime example the tobacco industry's advertising campaign to manufacture doubt about the cancerous and other ...
Tobacco industry 2284-2288................................Animal feeds and feed mills. Pet food industry 161-170.7 ... Environmental effects of industries and plants 201-500...................................Water supply for domestic and ... Human engineering in industry. Man-machine systems 60-60.8............................................Work measurement. Methods ... Hospitality industry. Hotels, clubs, restaurants, etc. Food service 950-953...................................Taverns, barrooms ...
"1985 WTA Tournament Guide". Truth Tobacco Industry Documents. Women's Tennis Association (WTA). 1985. p. 6 - via University of ...
and the tobacco industry. This agreement supposedly clamped down on the underhand activities of the tobacco industry and so ... "Industry Documents Library". "Industry Documents Library". "Industry ... INFOTAB (International Tobacco Information Center) was based in Brussels as the cigarette industry's international lobby ... "Industry Documents Library". "Industry Documents Library". ...
"Virginia Slims of Washington - Fact Sheet". Truth Tobacco Industry Documents. Philip Morris. December 12, 1985 - via University ...
"Virginia Slims promoter agreement". Truth Tobacco Industry Documents. Philip Morris. May 1, 1989 - via University of California ...
Represents the tobacco industry. Alice P. Schwarzman (August 24, 1973) and Elmont - Two homeless people, Alice first appeared ...
Truth Tobacco Industry Documents. Women's Tennis Association (WTA). 1985 - via University of California San Francisco (UCSF). ...
Truth Tobacco Industry Documents. Women's Tennis Association (WTA). 1985. p. 7 - via University of California San Francisco ( ...
"Virginia Slims of Washington - Fact Sheet". Truth Tobacco Industry Documents. Philip Morris. December 17, 1982 - via University ...
"1985 WTA Tournament Guide". Truth Tobacco Industry Documents. Women's Tennis Association (WTA). 1985. p. 9 - via University of ...
"Promoter agreement". Truth Tobacco Industry Documents. Philip Morris. January 17, 1989 - via University of California San ... Janine Bell (March 6, 1989). "Virginia Slims of Kansas". Truth Tobacco Industry Documents. Women's Tennis Association (WITA) - ...
Truth Tobacco Industry Documents. Women's Tennis Association (WTA). 1985. p. 11 - via University of California San Francisco ( ...
Truth Tobacco Industry Documents. Women's Tennis Association (WTA). 1985. p. 9 - via University of California San Francisco ( ...
"Wrap up report". Truth Tobacco Industry Documents. Dancie Perugini Ware. 1994 - via University of California San Francisco ( ...
Truth Tobacco Industry Documents. Philip Morris. September 4, 1985 - via University of California San Francisco (UCSF). John ...
Truth Tobacco Industry Documents. Philip Morris. December 6, 1982 - via University of California San Francisco. 1983 Virginia ...
"Results". Truth Tobacco Industry Documents. Women's Tennis Association (WTA). April 1993. p. 2 - via University of California ...
"Virginia Slims promoter agreement". Truth Tobacco Industry Documents. Philip Morris. January 15, 1988 - via University of ...
"United Jersey Bank Tennis Classic". Truth Tobacco Industry Documents. Philip Morris. August 1988 - via University of California ...
Truth Tobacco Industry Documents. Women's Tennis Association (WTA). 1985. p. 10 - via University of California San Francisco ( ...
"1985 WTA Tournament Guide". Truth Tobacco Industry Documents. Women's Tennis Association (WTA). 1985. p. 7 - via University of ...
"Results". Truth Tobacco Industry Documents. Women's Tennis Association (WTA). April 1993. p. 2 - via University of California ...
"Ginny of Washington". Truth Tobacco Industry Documents. Philip Morris. June 1992 - via University of California San Francisco. ...
Truth Tobacco Industry Documents. Women's Tennis Association (WTA). 1985. p. 12 - via University of California San Francisco ( ...
JEL: L8 - Industry Studies: Services JEL: L80 - Geral. JEL: L81 - Retail and Wholesale Trade; Warehousing; e-Commerce. JEL: L82 ... JEL: L66 - Food; Beverages; Cosmetics; Tobacco. JEL: L67 - Other Consumer Nondurables: Clothing, Textiles, Shoes, and Leather. ... JEL: L6 - Industry Studies: Manufacturing JEL: L60 - Geral. JEL: L61 - Metals and Metal Products; Cement; Glass; Ceramics. JEL ... JEL: L7 - Industry Studies: Primary Products and Construction JEL: L70 - Geral. JEL: L71 - Mining, Extraction, and Refining: ...
"Tobacco industry manipulation of the hospitality industry to maintain smoking in public places". Tobacco Control. 11 (2): 94- ... "Tobacco industry efforts to present ventilation as an alternative to smoke-free environments in North America". Tobacco Control ... A Counterblaste to Tobacco, that had the effect of raising taxes on tobacco. Russia banned tobacco for 70 years from 1627.[28] ... the tobacco industry launched "courtesy awareness" campaigns. Fearing reduced sales, the industry created a media and ...
"List of World No Tobacco Day awardees-2004". World Health Organization. 17 September 2011. Retrieved 9 January 2016.. ... "CSR and the alcohol industry: a case study from Thailand". CSR Asia. Archived from the original on 29 November 2016. Retrieved ... This project led the World Health Organization (WHO) to present a World No Tobacco Day award to Luang Por Dhammajayo on 31 May ...
Tobacco * sw:Tobacco. Tokyo * sw:Tokyo. Tornado * sw:Tufani. Tower * sw:Mnara. Toy * sw:Toy. Train * sw:Treni. Transformer * sw ... Industry * sw:Industry. Infinity * sw:Infinity. Influenza * sw:Influenza. Information * sw:Information. Information technology ...
In the Northeast, which received large masses of African slaves to work in sugarcane, tobacco and cotton plantations, people of ... The exploitation of rubber used in the growing industries of automobiles, has emerged a huge migration to the region. ... services and industry like businessman and industrialist count Francesco Matarazzo. In São Paulo, which came to be labeled an " ... "Italian city" in the early twentieth century, Italians engaged mainly in the incipient industry and urban services activities. ...
A DNA adduct (at center) of benzo[a]pyrene, the major mutagen in tobacco smoke.[22] ... Frequent skin cancers were noted among fuel industry workers in the 19th century. In 1933, BaP was determined to be the ... A 1996 study provided molecular evidence linking components in tobacco smoke to lung cancer. BaP was shown to cause genetic ... Tobacco smoke carcinogens and lung cancer. J Natl Cancer Inst 1999; 91: 1194-210. PMID 10413421 ...
Crafts and industries also flourished; the Somerset woollen industry was then one of the largest in England.[74] Coal mining in ... Bristol's economy has been built on maritime trade, including the import of tobacco and the slave trade. Since the early 20th ... The region's Gross value added (GVA) breaks down as 69.9% service industry, 28.1% production industry and 2.0% agriculture. ... More recently defence, telecommunications, information technology and electronics have been important industries in Bristol, ...
The American Egg Board (an egg industry funded promotional group) has been barred by a U.S. District Court Judge from using $3 ... by the maneuver of gutting the contents of the bill and replacing them with language concerning tobacco cessation coverage ... United Egg Producers, the U.S. egg industry's national trade association leading the fight against Prop 2, is currently under a ... The study also estimated that almost the entire California egg industry would relocate to other states during the 5-year ...
Gift offered by tobacco industry lobbyists to Dutch politician Kartika Liotard in September 2013 ... lobbying in Australia has grown from a small industry of a few hundred employees to a multi-billion dollar per year industry. ... The lobbying industry is affected by the revolving door concept, a movement of personnel between roles as legislators and ... When industry is involved in policy-making, rest assured that the most effective control measures will be downplayed or left ...
... food industry. This program is intended to enhance the overall effectiveness of the food marketing system, provide better ... cotton and tobacco; dairy; fruit and vegetable; livestock and seed; and poultry. These programs provide testing, ...
Some southeastern groups planted corn and some encouraged the growth of wild tobacco.[10] Implements were made of wood, stone, ... and a pottery industry. The tribes make some money on tourism and timber sales. Artistic endeavors include basketry and ...
The fruit- and grape-growing industry is primarily on the Niagara Peninsula and along Lake Erie, where tobacco farms are also ... The motor vehicle industry became the most lucrative industry for the Ontario economy during the 20th century. ... Ontario's steel industry once centred on Hamilton. Hamilton harbour, which can be seen as one drives the QEW Skyway bridge, is ... Tobacco production, centred in Norfolk County, has decreased, allowing an increase in alternative crops such as hazelnuts and ...
The occupational physician's role as health adviser to industry inevitably involves the doctor in the consideration of any ... Tobacco Smoke, smog, indoor air pollution. *Benzene. *Work-related carcinogens. *Aerosols, fumes, smoke ...
Spurred by the country's improved tourism industry, it is a significant destination and stopover for foreign visitors.[13] ... Population and economic growth were spurred by improvements in access to water and the installment of the Tobacco Factory in ... The accumulation of capital brought by tobacco plantations allowed the city to economically surpass neighboring provinces[12]. ...
Industry and built environment[edit]. West India Docks by Pugin and Rowlandson from Ackermann's Microcosm of London, or, London ... These docks imported tobacco, wine, wool and other goods into guarded warehouses within high walls (some of which still remain ... The late 19th century saw a major movement of people to West Ham[38] and East Ham[39] to service the new docks and industries ... The foul-smelling industries partially preferred the East End because the prevailing winds in London traveled from west to east ...
"Tobacco Control. 13 (Suppl 1): i8-i19. doi:10.1136/tc.2003.003111. ISSN 0964-4563. PMC 1766146. PMID 14985612.. ... Pan Am.[19] The no-marriage rule was eliminated throughout the US airline industry by the 1980s.[20] The last such broad ... Secondhand tobacco smoke[edit]. Many of the flight attendants working today were exposed to second-hand in-flight smoke until ... Pan Am.[19] The no-marriage rule was eliminated throughout the US airline industry by the 1980s.[20] The last such broad ...
World Health Organization (2008). WHO Report on the Global Tobacco Epidemic 2008: The MPOWER Package (PDF). World Health ... A number of industries and sources have been implicated, including[17] high levels of dust in coal mining, gold mining, and the ... The primary risk factor for COPD globally is tobacco smoking.[9] Of those who smoke, about 20% will get COPD,[44] and of those ... The most common cause of COPD is tobacco smoking, with a smaller number of cases due to factors such as air pollution and ...
Left government in 2017 when they came to power citing heavy losses in state revenue and sharp decrease in tourism industry.[41 ... Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms and Explosives. *Bureau of Prohibition. *Cullen-Harrison Act ...
It is used in health care and related industries in several countries around the world. Some have gone on to develop their own ... F17) use of tobacco Nicotine withdrawal (F18) use of volatile solvents (F19) multiple drug use and use of other psychoactive ...
Muhammad Ali established a textile industry in an effort to compete with European industries and produce greater revenues for ... He was the second son of a tobacco and shipping merchant named Ibrahim Agha, who also served as an Ottoman commander of a small ... While the textile industry was not successful, the entire endeavour employed tens of thousands of Egyptians.[21] Muhammad Ali ... By the end of the 1830s, Egypt's war industries had constructed nine 100-gun warships and were turning out 1,600 muskets a ...
In the pearling industry, Aboriginal peoples were bought for about 5 pounds, with pregnant Aboriginal women "prized because ... Indigenous adults were more than twice as likely as non-Indigenous adults to be current daily smokers of tobacco.[234] ...
ISIC 5220 retail sales of food, beverages and tobacco in specialized stores ... Supplier industries for FMCGs include:. *1512 fish and fish products. *1513 fruit and vegetables ...
They do not work in industries associated with the military, do not serve in the armed services,[275] and refuse national ... Gambling, drunkenness, illegal drugs, and tobacco use are forbidden.[233] Drinking of alcoholic beverages is permitted in ...
And each concentrated on the industry that had benefited from spending appropriated by their subcommittee, which in Mr. Lewis's ... as he had when he was a tobacco lobbyist. Rather than being paid directly by defense contractors and other clients, he was paid ... Williamson tobacco company and registered to do defense lobbying. ...
A common tomato disease is tobacco mosaic virus. Handling cigarettes and other infected tobacco products can transmit the virus ... revolutionized the tomato-growing industry. This type of tomato is grown commercially near plants that process and can tomatoes ... Some common tomato pests are stink bugs, cutworms, tomato hornworms and tobacco hornworms, aphids, cabbage loopers, whiteflies ... "Tomato-Tobacco Mosaic Virus Disease". University of Minnesota Extension. Archived from the original on 14 June 2012. Retrieved ...
Bronnt Industries Kapital (Static Caravan), Zoon van snooK (Lo Recordings, Mush Records), Aut (Fällt), Geisha (Crucial Blast) ... Shakespeare at the Tobacco Factory, acta community theatre, Myrtle Theatre, Cirque Bijou, Desperate Men, Theatre West and ... with the growth of the University of Bristol buildings and the aircraft industry. During World War II the city centre suffered ... Arts Council England and local theatre practitioners which aims to develop the theatre industry in Bristol.[14] There are also ...
Division of Plant Industry. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2010-12-03.. ... tobacco (Nicotiana tabacum), sweet peppers (Capsicum species), olive (Olea europea), and others. ...
He did not vote on the automobile industry bailout,[68] though he said he would have voted for cloture if he had been present. ... Tobacco, Firearms, and Explosives with clear enforcement mechanisms. Wyden said gun violence "demands real action by Congress" ... we certainly have a duty to attempt to preserve a cornerstone domestic industry and the jobs of hundreds of thousands of ...
"N.F.L.'s Flawed Concussion Research and Ties to Tobacco Industry".. . ... Lower costs for research in academia and industry have been claimed in the Budapest Open Access Initiative,[104] although ... As the role of scholarly publishers within the knowledge communication industry continues to evolve, it seen as necessary[65] ... Recent research has also demonstrated that widespread industry funding for published medical research often goes undeclared and ...
... tobacco smoking, and discrimination". Journal of Affective Disorders. 174: 106-112. doi:10.1016/j.jad.2014.11.041. ISSN 0165- ... often confusing mental health industries. Care navigators work closely with patients and families through discussion and ...
Please provide more information on data to enter into the TakeAPart map of tobacco industry activity. We will review ...
Data and statistical information on how the tobacco industry markets their products. ... Women are also targeted by the tobacco industry, and tobacco companies continue to produce brands specifically for women. ... The tobacco industry has targeted African American communities in its advertisements and promotional efforts for menthol ... Tobacco Use by Geographic Region. *Tobacco Use and Quitting Among Individuals With Behavioral Health Conditionsplus icon*What ...
... tobacco industry until it was broken up under antitrust laws in 1911. American Tobacco continued to sell such brands as Lucky ... which grew out of the tobacco business established in North Carolina by the Duke family (see James B. Duke) and which ... Other articles where Tobacco industry is discussed: Fortune Brands, Inc.: … ... Warfare between tobacco growers and tobacco trusts brought on an era of barn burning and similar attempts to keep tobacco ...
Latest Tobacco industry regulation News. The Latest: Vaping industry slams ban on flavored products. Nov. 27, 2019 5:18 PM EST ... Kenyas Supreme Court on Tuesday dismissed a British American Tobacco challenge to regulations that charge the tobacco industry ... The vaping industry is criticizing Massachusetts new statewide ban on flavored tobacco and vaping products as the wrong ... The City Council voted Tuesday to ban all e-cigarette and e-liquid flavors except tobacco. Backers of the ban said they... ...
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Popular documents from the UCSF Truth Tobacco Industry Documents that demonstrate the industrys marketing tactics towards ... Tobacco Industry Marketing to Women Popular documents from the UCSF Truth Tobacco Industry Documents that demonstrate the ... Tobacco Industry Marketing to Women * 1. Marketing to Women Selected Documents from the Truth Tobacco Industry Documents ... 4. American Tobacco (no date) ...
Tobacco industry strategies/arguments to deflect legislation. The tobacco industry pioneered strategies to take the focus off ... tobacco industry efforts to thwart tobacco control in Malaysia Tobacco Control 2004;13:ii43-ii50 ... Researching The Tobacco Industry. *How to research front groups. *Legacy Tobacco Documents Library Online archive containing ... Norris J, University of California San Francisco News Office New Tobacco Industry Strategy is to Appear Anti-Tobacco, Study b ...
... and severity of incidents of tobacco industry interference (TII) reported in the UK in 2019. ... The 2020 UK Tobacco Industry Interference Index forms part of the Global Tobacco Industry Interference Index, a global survey ... The Tobacco Industry Interference Index was initiated by the Southeast Asia Tobacco Control Alliance as a regional report with ... UK Tobacco Industry Interference Index - Report. This report measures the intensity, frequency, and severity of incidents of ...
The tobacco industry category includes tobacco companies and both profiles and case studies of organizations that have worked ... Pages in category "Tobacco industry". The following 200 pages are in this category, out of 371 total. ... Retrieved from "" ... Citizens for a Sound Economy/CSE huffs and puffs with Big Tobacco ... Tobacco industry defendants. *Tobacco industry defense strategy ...
... the industry skewed their conclusions or stopped funding them, report University of California researchers. The researchers - ... Tobacco companies have funded nearly 50 studies on the link between secondhand smoke and heart disease - but when scientists ... Tobacco Industry Lied About Second-Hand Smoke. Tobacco companies have funded nearly 50 studies on the link between secondhand ... Tobacco Industry Efforts Undermining Evidence Linking Secondhand Smoke With Cardiovascular Disease [Circulation] ...
... discusses the future of the tobacco industry and changing consumer preferences, with CNBCs Sara Eisen and Kelly Evans. Cameron ... Susan Cameron, Reynolds American CEO, discusses the future of the tobacco industry and changing consumer preferences, with ... Despite Toys R Us, American toy industry is the biggest its ever been. Yahoo Finance ...
This campaign illustrates a telling weakness of the tobacco lobby. The Tobacco Institute, which represents only one industry, ... The tobacco industry, stung by the loss, is spending millions of dollars to create its own version of that weapon in the form ... The meeting demonstrated a shrewd new tactic by the tobacco industry to defend the product and its profits. It was sponsored by ... But in reality these smokers rights organizations are little more than an economic tool of the tobacco industry. ...
Cigarette makers and tobacco farmers asked the House Ways and Means Committee to let the excise tax on cigarettes revert to 8 ... Cigarette makers and tobacco farmers asked the House Ways and Means Committee to let the excise tax on cigarettes revert to 8 ...
Industry documents. *Anti-Tobacco Industry Plan, Philip Morris. *Public Policy Plan Draft by Joshua Slavitt of Philip Morris ... The Anti-Tobacco Industry Plan was a comprehensive, long term plan drawn up by Philip Morris to divide the ranks of public ... Title Anti-Tobacco Industry Plan Date 00000000. Type Report. Bates 2063393705/3719 Collection Philip Morris. Pages 15. URL:http ... PMs "Anti-Tobacco Industry Plan" was devised by Joshua Slavitt, Director of Policy and Programs at PM Management Corporation. ...
Knowledge Hubs and tobacco industry monitoring centres (observatories). The Convention Secretariat is establishing, as part of ... Tobacco Industry Monitoring Centres (Observatories). The establishment of the Observatories aims to assist Parties ... It addresses the lack of discerning understanding of current and future approaches utilized by the tobacco industry and the way ... the WHO FCTC Secretariats Tobacco Industry Monitoring Centres (Observatories), that constitute a global network focused on ...
The tobacco industry appears so confident in the technology that they are now funding research that looks at the health effects ... "If tobacco industry decides to throw their might behind it, I could really see them taking off." ... British American Tobacco (BAT), the largest tobacco company in the Europe, launched Vype around four years ago. ... "We believe that vapor products and other noncombustible tobacco products may present less risk to adult tobacco consumers than ...
Study finds tobacco companies in 1980s and 1990s put pressure on drug companies to limit their marketing of nicotine gum and ... Bero and her colleague Bhavna Shamasunder sifted through the trove of internal tobacco industry documents released in 1998 as ... The Ciba-Geigy guidelines were widely distributed to other tobacco companies and even tobacco growers. ... according to a new study of tobacco industry documents.. The study, published in todays issue of The Journal of the American ...
Track the tobacco supply chain from production to distribution to comply with strict regulatory guidelines and optimize ... Product and distribution tracking for each step of the tobacco supply chain. The tobacco and e-cigarette industries operate ... and distributors must guarantee product quality and integrity at every phase of manufacturing and track and trace tobacco ...
FDAs Center for Tobacco Products Office of Small Business Assistance provides technical & nonfinancial assistance to help ... Small Business Assistance for Tobacco Product Industry. Find a list of resources OSBA offers and learn how to reach out for ... Electronic Submissions for Tobacco Products: The FDAs Center for Tobacco Products has several processes in place for ... Market and Distribute a Tobacco Product: Learn more about the ways to obtain an FDA marketing order for your tobacco product. ...
A NEW front is opening in the uncivil war over smoking - with the latest volley coming from the tobacco industry. ... An initiative backed by tobacco giant Philip Morris may be heading for the November ballot in California. The measure would ...
... online database of tobacco industry documents released to the public by legal settlements between the National Association of ... They include the contents of tobacco industry websites and two collections from the Tobacco Control Archives at the University ... Tobacco Control: Creating a Tobacco-Free Nation. A collection of programs, perspectives, and research on aimed at preventing ... online database of some 10-million tobacco industry documents released to the public by legal settlements between the National ...
... which sta-ted that tobacco industry funding clouded its stand on tobacco controls is ... which sta-ted that tobacco industry funding clouded its stand on tobacco controls is "incorrect and misleading", according to ... Chile and Austra-lia as having received funding from the industry alongside governments "as they argued against tobacco ... decided that Ideas would no longer accept re-search grants from the tobacco industry. ...
... On this site are found five case studies regarding the marketing of tobacco. The Centre ... You just viewed Case Studies on the Tobacco Industry. Please take a moment to rate this material. ... Tobacco industry tactics with advertisements at the point of sale in Mumbai ... The subjects covered are Discount Brands, Sponsorship, the Low Tar Product Category, Rolling Tobacco and Tobacco Marketing and ...
JTI Japan Tobacco International AG. ILO Postpones Decision on Partnerships to Eliminate Child Labor in Tobacco. Geneva (ots/ ... JTI Japan Tobacco International AG. CJEU Rulings on Tobacco Products Directive Bring Additional Confusion. Geneva, Switzerland ... JTI Japan Tobacco International AG. JTI Renews and Expands Global Top Employer Status. Geneva (ots/PRNewswire) - Top rankings ... PRNewswire) - JTI Calls for Continued Coordinated Approach in the Interest of Tobacco Growing Communities JTI (Japan Tobacco ...
France will force tobacco companies to help end the scourge of cigarette butts that litter streets and contaminate water, ... British American Tobacco, whose brands include Lucky Strike and Rothmans, said in a statement it would work with the government ... "If no effective commitments are proposed by September, the government will force the industry to get involved in the collection ... PARIS (Reuters) - France will force tobacco companies to help end the scourge of cigarette butts that litter streets and ...
The tobacco industry and electronic cigarette manufacturers enjoy a loophole in the legal definition of tobacco in South Korean ... Global review of tobacco product flavour policies Olufemi Erinoso, Katherine Clegg Smith, Michael Iacobelli, Sejal Saraf, Kevin ... Evidence of cushioning of tobacco tax increases in large retailers in Australia Megan Bayly, Michelle Scollo, Melanie A ... Association of cigarette production and tobacco retailer density on secondhand smoke exposure in urban China Connie Hoe, Joanna ...
... and specialists are advocating for antitobacco-type regulations on the industry. ... "We should not be blinded to the fact that a huge amount of the vaping industry has ties to the tobacco industry." ... Vestbo said he worries that marketing and industry-funded science will prevail, as it did with big tobacco, especially because ... Cite this: Experts Take Aim at Vaping Industrys Tobacco-Like Tactics - Medscape - Sep 23, 2019. ...
Legislation approved by the House on Wednesday to give the Food and Drug Administration regulatory control over tobacco ... Tobacco industry wary of new law By Janet Patton - [email protected] ... Ellen Hahn, director of the Kentucky Tobacco Policy Research Program in UKs College of Nursing, said the bill would prohibit ... "I dont think there are (tobacco) products that are better for you," she said. Such advertising discourages users from quitting ...
... the tobacco industry is still making strong profits. Stanfords Robert Proctor recently released his 750 study Golden ... Industry growth. Perhaps most interesting is Proctors note that global tobacco use would be declining were it not for China, ... Another myth: The tobacco industry has turned over a new leaf. False, says Proctor. Cigarettes are made more deadly today ... and licensing of tobacco curing technology that prevents the formation of carcinogenic toxins present in tobacco and tobacco ...
  • NAIROBI, Kenya (AP) - Kenya's Supreme Court on Tuesday dismissed a British American Tobacco challenge to regulations that charge the tobacco industry a fee to help compensate people affected by smoking. (
  • British American Tobacco (BAT), the largest tobacco company in the Europe, launched Vype around four years ago. (
  • A recent study , funded by British American Tobacco used 3-D modeling to compare the inflammation in the lungs from e-cigarettes and regular cigarettes. (
  • British American Tobacco, whose brands include Lucky Strike and Rothmans, said in a statement it would work with the government to educate smokers, and distribute pocket ashtrays. (
  • Over at British American Tobacco, the world's second-largest tobacco firm, documents show that a confidential research effort labeled the 'Pot Project' was launched in Britain. (
  • The firm's head science advisor, Charles Ellis, also drafted a detailed research plan to position British American Tobacco to produce 'cannabis-loaded cigarettes. (
  • British American Tobacco (BAT) and Japan Tobacco International (JTI) say that light work in the fields that does not affect health or education is acceptable for 13-to-15-year-olds. (
  • Thus fifteen months ago, lawyers and advocates in the Netherlands filed a complaint with the Dutch Public Prosecution Service (DPSS) requesting them to file charges against the four major tobacco manufacturers that operate in the Netherlands (Philip Morris International, British American Tobacco, Japan Tobacco International and Imperial Tobacco Benelux. (
  • Tobacco companies like Philip Morris International and British American Tobacco fight efforts to reduce tobacco use, aggressively market cigarettes to young people and other vulnerable populations, and deceive the public about the health risks of tobacco use. (
  • Executives of British American Tobacco boasted last week boasted to investors that plain packaging had increased illegal tobacco smuggling by about a third but had no impact on consumption trends. (
  • A table in the British American Tobacco investor briefing notes also states that sale volumes were down but that profit was up because it increased prices and cut costs. (
  • Area corporate affairs manager for British American Tobacco Australia Scott McIntyre acknowledged sales were down, but said the decrease had slowed on past years. (
  • The tobacco industry has been highly critical of the ban, with large companies like British American Tobacco South Africa (Batsa), Phillip Morris South Africa (PMSA), and Japan Tobacco International (JTI) as well as smaller local tobacco companies urging the government to reverse the ban while instituting legal actions against it. (
  • UCSF released online today (October 26) a million pages of formerly secret documents belonging to the world's second largest tobacco company, British American Tobacco (BAT). (
  • The British American Tobacco Documents Archive provides insights into tobacco industry activity worldwide, including aggressive strategies to gain increasing shares of the cigarette market in Eastern Europe, Africa and Asia, and particularly in developing countries. (
  • Foreign companies, such as British American Tobacco and Philip Morris International, had brought a motion seeking to be removed as defendants. (
  • British American Tobacco said it anticipated launching a legal challenge within 30 days of the legislation's final approval. (
  • Following extensive merger and acquisition activity in the 1990s and 2000s, four firms dominate international markets - in alphabetical order: Altria and Philip Morris International British American Tobacco Imperial Tobacco Japan Tobacco Altria, formerly called the Philip Morris Cos. (
  • India has its own major player, ITC Limited (25.4%-owned by British American Tobacco). (
  • The think-tank accepted donations from Philip Morris Singapore, Philip Morris Malaysia and Japan Tobacco International alongside money from the American, British and Canadian governments, according to financial disclosures by the think-tank,'' the report stated. (
  • Hong Kong (ots/PRNewswire) - Accreditation recognizes JTI's continued commitment to employees in the region JTI (Japan Tobacco International) has been certified as Top Employer in the Asia Pacific region for the fifth consecutive year during a prestigious ceremony in Singapore. (
  • Geneva (ots/PRNewswire) - Top rankings for outstanding work conditions in Asia Pacific, Europe, Middle East and North America Africa and North America certified for the first time Building on its reputation as an excellent place to work, JTI (Japan Tobacco International) is expanding its certified Top Employer status further across the globe. (
  • Geneva (ots/PRNewswire) - JTI Calls for Continued Coordinated Approach in the Interest of Tobacco Growing Communities JTI (Japan Tobacco International) commends the Governing Body of the International Labour Organization (ILO) for postponing its decision on the continuation of the ILO's partnerships with the tobacco sector in the fight against child labor. (
  • Geneva (ots/PRNewswire) - Eddy Pirard will succeed Thomas A. McCoy JTI (Japan Tobacco International) today announced that Thomas A. McCoy, President and Chief Executive Officer, will be retiring on 31 March 2017 and that Eddy Pirard, currently Executive Vice President, Business Development, Corporate Affairs and Corporate Communications will succeed Mr. McCoy as President and Chief Executive Officer as of April 1, 2017. (
  • Over the past several years, the ILO has received about $15 million from Japan Tobacco International (JTI) and Eliminating Child Labor in Tobacco Growing Foundation (ECLT), an NGO also funded by the transnational tobacco industry, SEATCA said. (
  • The ILO currently has an ongoing partnership with Japan Tobacco International (JTI) external link for a $10-million (CHF10-million) project (2011-2018) and since 2002 has partnered with the industry-funded Eliminating Child Labour in Tobacco Growing Foundation (ECLT), external link receiving $5 million for a recent project. (
  • Japan Tobacco International said it expected to challenge the legislation and Philip Morris International said it was prepared to seek compensation. (
  • A 2014 Philip Morris Interna-tional (PMI) strategy to counter the WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control states it should find 'allies that cannot be ignored', and Ideas fits this criteria in Ma--laysia," the report further stated. (
  • III.Conference of the Parties to the WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control. (
  • 4 - 6 The CRC also complements the 2005 World Health Organization (WHO) Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (FCTC), which is the UN tobacco control treaty. (
  • These recommendations should be incorporated into WHO's Framework Convention on Tobacco Control. (
  • CTC-Pakistan works to strengthen the development and implementation of policies based on provisions of the Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (FCTC) through advocacy campaigns and acting as a technical resource for the Ministry of National Health Services. (
  • Tobacco control measures like civil litigation, legislation, and even the tobacco treaty, the Framework Convention on Tobacco Control, have made progress, but people are still dying. (
  • Nobody from the Foundation for a Smoke-Free World was invited, which the organizers say is in line with the WHO's framework convention on tobacco control. (
  • This has been achieved by contributing to the development and implementation of Article 5.3 of the WHO's Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (FCTC), the WHO's first global health treaty. (
  • Governments should also consider implementing Framework Convention on Tobacco Control requirements on the internet, to further reduce such pro-tobacco content. (
  • Though Switzerland has not yet ratified the WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control, Geneva is hosting an important meeting on the treaty. (
  • These new units are the watchtowers of the public health movement, helping us to see the tobacco-control landscape in greater detail," said Dr. Vera da Costa e Silva, the head of the secretariat of the World Health Organization's Framework Convention on Tobacco Control. (
  • As of 2018, 169 states have signed the World Health Organization (WHO) Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (FCTC), which governs international tobacco control. (
  • Cigarette and smokeless tobacco companies spend billions of dollars each year to market their products. (
  • In 2019, the largest cigarette and smokeless tobacco companies spent $8.2 billion on advertising and promotional expenses in the United States alone. (
  • Women are also targeted by the tobacco industry, and tobacco companies continue to produce brands specifically for women. (
  • The tobacco industry is particularly significant for those seeking to understand modern public relations techniques and the operations of specific companies for two reasons. (
  • Secondly, as a result of legal actions against the major tobacco companies, there are now over 40 million pages of internal company documents publicly available on searchable websites that provide a fascinating insight into the inner workings of past and still running campaigns. (
  • The ' tobacco industry category includes tobacco companies and both profiles and case studies of organizations that have worked for them. (
  • Tobacco companies have funded nearly 50 studies on the link between secondhand smoke and heart disease - but when scientists found a connection, the industry skewed their conclusions or stopped funding them, report University of California researchers. (
  • Have journalists become so cynical and novelty-consumed that we don't even bother to tell the public when tobacco companies are once again caught in a coverup that, in ethical if not legal terms, is close to murder? (
  • And tobacco companies have taken notice. (
  • However, the recent explosion of e-cigarette popularity caught the attention of tobacco companies a few years ago. (
  • Tobacco companies in the 1980's and 1990's put pressure on drug companies to limit their marketing of nicotine gum and skin patches that help people quit smoking, according to a new study of tobacco industry documents. (
  • What might otherwise be considered merely hardball business tactics was unethical in this case because the tobacco companies knew the health risks of smoking, said Dr. Lisa Bero, a professor of clinical pharmacy and health policy at the University of California at San Francisco and the senior author of the study. (
  • While the study focused on Philip Morris, other tobacco companies were also involved in pressuring the drug companies, Dr. Bero said. (
  • The Ciba-Geigy guidelines were widely distributed to other tobacco companies and even tobacco growers. (
  • Starting in November 2001, the University of California, San Francisco Library set up a searchable, online database of some 10-million tobacco industry documents released to the public by legal settlements between the National Association of Attorneys General and the tobacco companies. (
  • A large body of evidence demonstrates that tobacco companies use a wide range of tactics to interfere with tobacco control. (
  • PARIS (Reuters) - France will force tobacco companies to help end the scourge of cigarette butts that litter streets and contaminate water, unless they take voluntary action in the next three months, a government minister said on Thursday. (
  • 2018. The French government wants to end the bane of discarded cigarette butts and will impose new regulations unless tobacco companies come up with proposals to reduce their number. (
  • After UNICEF's corporate engagement guidelines were loosened in 2003, tobacco companies successfully engaged with UNICEF directly and via front groups, including the Eliminating Child Labour in Tobacco Growing Foundation. (
  • The edict echoes a similar vote from 2000 that restricted researchers who received funding from tobacco companies. (
  • The approach harkens back to the 1960s and 70s, when big tobacco companies funded scientific research that suggested smoking was not as harmful to human health as it is now known to be. (
  • Cigarettes are made more deadly today than they were 60 years ago, and tobacco companies still target children, just not in ways so obvious as cartoon Joe Camel. (
  • Tobacco companies tailor their products to target markets by altering the content of tar and nicotine, and by adding flavourings to produce a distinctive taste. (
  • Tobacco companies also target non-consumer organisations such as retailers and policy makers with the aim of creating the best possible business environment for tobacco sales. (
  • 4) Getting employees of Philip Morris and R.J. Reynolds tobacco companies to flood city hall with calls against the ordinance. (
  • Some Wall Street analysts and health advocates say tobacco companies may again be considering the expanding market for legalized weed. (
  • Newly discovered documents from tobacco company archives at UC San Francisco show that major companies in the cigarette industry investigated joining the marijuana business in the late 1960s and early 1970s. (
  • The issues the tobacco companies were exploring are all still there today. (
  • They not only shed new light on the Nixon era, but appear when some Wall Street analysts and health advocates say tobacco companies may again be considering the expanding market for legalized weed. (
  • The issues the tobacco companies were exploring are all still there today,' said Stanton Glantz, director of the UC San Francisco Center for Tobacco Control Research and Education. (
  • The tobacco companies say the newly unearthed documents are no longer relevant. (
  • One solution to this is to make the excise on tobacco higher so that large tobacco companies do not have the same impact on young Ukrainian smokers who are attracted by advertising and low prices. (
  • Historically, these lower prices have sparked a high consumption of tobacco that has been supported by transnational tobacco companies given the scale. (
  • Revelations that the sugar industry funded science to suit its aims serve as a reminder of big companies' willingness to push aside inconvenient information in pursuit of their economic interests. (
  • Web-based libraries house millions of tobacco industry documents, thousands of which reveal the countless efforts of tobacco companies to lure African American consumers and win their support of industry products, promotions, and financial contributions. (
  • Kim H Nguyen and colleagues examine how tobacco companies applied their knowledge of flavours, colours, and child focused marketing to develop leading children's sugar sweetened drink brands. (
  • Through these product "innovation", transnational tobacco companies (TTCs) introduce cigarette brands with new characteristics as flavored capsules and flavored filters and packaged and labelled with glitzy promotion. (
  • The Beyond McDonald's pages provide information about the unethical practices of many other companies and industries . (
  • Our purpose here is not to make the tobacco companies happy,' Graham said. (
  • Florida's settlement with tobacco companies wouldn't be cut under the bill, Graham said. (
  • The leaf-buying companies agree to purchase tobacco from their contract farmers and supply seed, fertilizer, pesticide and tools. (
  • However, the welfare projects were "pushing out goodwill on behalf of tobacco companies to address some of the problems, but avoid the harder issues of leaf prices and living and earnings," said University of Colorado in Denver anthropologist Marty Otanez, who has studied tobacco farming in Malawi for many years. (
  • The tobacco companies insist they are simply doing their part to help during the crisis. (
  • Gov. Ralph Northam of Virginia has asked tobacco companies to take on a similar role and supply respirator masks in the United States. (
  • 1 Tobacco companies are possibly the first and arguably the ultimate corporate cultural invaders, relentlessly seeking to link their products to every conceivable cultural symbol, icon and image. (
  • Mark Hurley, International Director of Tobacco Industry Campaigns, told IPS it is disappointing that ILO has postponed a decision on whether to end its relationship with tobacco companies. (
  • The Campaign for Tobacco-Free Kids, he said, strongly urges the ILO to cut ties with tobacco companies and prohibit all members of the tobacco industry from participation in the ILO when the decision is revisited in March 2018 at the 332nd Session of the Governing Body in Geneva. (
  • He said tobacco companies that spread death and disease across the globe should have no place in a UN agency like the ILO, or any responsible organization. (
  • Around the world, he pointed out, tobacco companies remain the greatest obstacle to reducing the more than 7 million deaths their products cause each year. (
  • Hurley said tobacco companies use membership in respected organizations like the ILO to portray themselves as responsible corporate citizens and divert attention from their role in causing a global tobacco epidemic that is projected to kill one billion people worldwide this century. (
  • She pointed out that the tobacco companies' sponsorship money goes to a few poor countries in Africa (Tanzania, Zambia, Malawi) for programme on child labour, while the companies continue to buy tobacco leaves at cheap prices that use child labour. (
  • Assunta also said "the tobacco industry is giving a paltry sum to the ILO compared to the huge profits the transnational companies reap by paying low prices to tobacco growers in poor countries. (
  • She said tobacco farm workers are trapped in a vicious cycle of poverty, illness and labour exploitation despite the corporate social responsibility (CSR) initiatives of tobacco companies. (
  • Since 15 October 2017, the UN Global Compact has delisted companies whose business involves manufacturing or producing tobacco products. (
  • Asia being a major market for tobacco companies, it is tactical for them to defeat or undermine effective tobacco tax increases in Asian countries. (
  • During the current global economic slowdown, despite a recognized link between smoking and COVID-19, tobacco companies continue to manufacture and profit from tobacco products. (
  • Governments must recognize that tobacco is a harmful and unessential product and should reject partnerships with the tobacco industry and fully scrutinize any information provided by tobacco companies. (
  • One of Australia's biggest tobacco companies has been accused of lying after it claimed plain packaging of cigarettes has had 'no impact' in Australia except to increase illegal cigarette smuggling. (
  • Tobacco companies will continue to say plain packaging is a failure because they don't want it to spread internationally,' she said. (
  • Michael Bloomberg laid into the cigarette industry at [the City Lab London conference] on Monday, saying that tobacco companies 'deliberately go out every day and try to kill, for their own profits, the poor around the world'…" (Williams-Grut, 10/19). (
  • In the 1970s, Nordic countries were among the first to adopt policies against tobacco, like bans on cigarette advertising, health warning labels and smoke-free laws, but U.S.-owned tobacco companies, and particularly Philip Morris , makers of Marlboro, became concerned such polices could spread to America and other developed countries where they sold cigarettes. (
  • Also, Europe's first product liability case against the tobacco industry occurred in Finland in 1988, when a smoker sued several companies claiming their products caused his illness, causing even more concern for global tobacco companies. (
  • The proposed Trans-Pacific Partnership Agreement would give those powers to US investors, providing a more direct pathway for the tobacco companies to sue. (
  • 1. The tobacco companies have brought a constitutional challenge claiming the law constitutes a 'taking' of their private property, being trademarks. (
  • A new global watchdog agency has been launched to monitor the tobacco industry with US$20 million of philanthropic funding amid fears of dirty tactics by cigarette companies hit by declining smoking rates in the West. (
  • Global information and data on the behavior of the tobacco companies, especially in low and middle-income countries where they are seeking to grow their markets, will be collated and held on a public Web site. (
  • I understand the tobacco companies want to protect their business, but to deliberately go out and to misinform people where lives are at stake is just something that I think we should not permit. (
  • More than a dozen lawyers who took on the tobacco companies have filed 25 cases against industry players like ConAgra Foods , PepsiCo , Heinz, General Mills and Chobani that stock pantry shelves and refrigerators across America. (
  • The latest playbook - like the one that paid off in the wave of tobacco litigation - could prove potent, as the food companies' own lawyers have warned. (
  • Products "provided to students by the tobacco industry, as well as other industry-sponsored efforts with the stated purpose of preventing youth tobacco use, could create favorable impressions of the sponsoring tobacco companies among young people, their parents, or others in the community. (
  • Despite evidence of the ineffectiveness of industry-sponsored, school-based programs, tobacco companies continue to promote these programs. (
  • Child labour in tobacco is rampant and on the increase in poorer countries, a major Guardian investigation can reveal, in spite of claims by multibillion-dollar companies that they are tackling the issue. (
  • Tobacco companies invited EPA officials to view a series of emissions tests to persuade them that a 500-foot buffer zone was not needed around fumigated warehouses. (
  • A coalition of phosphine users, including tobacco companies, hired Sciences International, a private company headed by Elizabeth Anderson, a former EPA director, to prepare a report challenging the EPA's plan to impose stricter exposure limits for workers and the community. (
  • Two of the nation's top public-health specialists are issuing a call to arms in a new journal article, urging the food industry not to follow the same playbook as cigarette companies did starting in the 1950s. (
  • All its grants must be approved by a board of directors made up of two top research executives from each of the four tobacco companies. (
  • The fact that the money comes from tobacco companies does make me uncomfortable,' said Dr. Alfred Sommer, the school's dean. (
  • Instead, industry documents show, the council was used to maintain the appearance of corporate responsibility while tobacco companies hid what they knew about smoking hazards. (
  • The papers, acquired legally but in the face of many BAT obstructions and delays, include documents related to international cigarette smuggling, BAT's efforts to thwart World Health Organization anti-smoking initiatives, and the on-going trial in the U.S. against six tobacco companies on federal racketeering charges for deceiving the public about cigarette smoking hazards. (
  • The Ontario Superior Court has ruled that foreign parent tobacco companies must remain as defendants in the Ontario Government's $50 billion medicare cost-recovery lawsuit against the tobacco industry. (
  • This means the Ontario government lawsuit may proceed against foreign tobacco companies in addition to their Canadian subsidiaries. (
  • The lawsuit was initially launched in 2009 to recover health care costs due to tobacco-related illnesses, however several of the companies named in the court case applied to be removed from the lawsuit. (
  • The foreign parent tobacco companies had a key role in causing the tobacco epidemic in Canada, including the cover-up of the health effects of smoking. (
  • In 2015, the six largest cigarette companies made a profit of $9730 per each death from tobacco smoking. (
  • Successful tobacco control also hurts the financial health of tobacco companies. (
  • Consequently, tobacco companies act in their own interest, for example, by aggressively lobbying and litigating against government tobacco control policies, among other tactics. (
  • Although tobacco companies compete for market share, they often collude to counter government tobacco control efforts, or support front groups to do the job for them. (
  • Tobacco companies use philanthropy to link their public image with positive causes and build support among more credible groups, including local communities, NGOs, artistic/athletic organizations, academic institutions, or even governments and development agencies. (
  • In contrast, it has been hard to find groups opposing the move that do not have financial links to tobacco companies. (
  • For all their insistence that removing the brands and logos from cigarette packs "won't work", the tobacco companies are scared enough to spend millions of pounds on projects opposing the idea. (
  • Experience tells us to expect a series of reports, paid for by tobacco companies, predicting economic and social ruin if they are not allowed to promote their addictive products in designed, branded packs. (
  • When tobacco companies were opposing plans to remove tobacco displays from shops they brought in the CEBR to write a report concluding that serving times following a display ban could double. (
  • The chief executives of multi-national tobacco companies are among the hardest-nosed business interests around. (
  • When scientists depend on the food industry for income, they may be less likely to contest the safety of ingredients companies hope to market. (
  • Obama said the law would curb the ability of tobacco companies to market their products to children. (
  • Obama, who is an occasional smoker himself, said the law would limit the power of the tobacco lobbyists on Capitol Hill and curb the ability of tobacco companies to market their products to children. (
  • The Indian government is pushing the Supreme Court to apply a rarely used doctrine that would strip the $11 billion tobacco industry's legal right to trade, an effort aimed at deterring tobacco companies from challenging tough new regulations. (
  • The publication, titled, "FDA Proposal Puts Spotlight on Big Tobacco and Industry Innovators," highlights multiple public companies developing new tobacco and nicotine devices in preparation for increasingly stringent FDA regulations. (
  • A questionnaire captured information about any incentives from tobacco companies for advertisement and promotion was administered to the vendors who agreed to participate. (
  • We noted that a majority of 67% (84 vendors) stated that they had been approached by tobacco companies to place the signages during the past 5 years post COTPA came into effect. (
  • 79 vendors (65 %) admitted to being paid by the tobacco companies. (
  • It is likely that cigarette companies will be further able to overcome advertising restrictions by finding loopholes in tobacco legislation unless the decision makers ban it comprehensively as evident in other countries. (
  • Tobacco companies promote their products in bars because of the impact of social influence on behavior. (
  • Bar owners may receive thousands of dollars from tobacco companies to hold in-bar promotions where their representatives give away lots of free stuff like samples and promotional items. (
  • Plus get this, tobacco companies bribe bartenders to participate by offering them free trips, parties and other perks. (
  • Some stakeholders in the asbestos industry are being accused of using the same marketing approach that was used by lobbying groups for large tobacco companies decades earlier. (
  • Tobacco companies also seek to maximize profitability through continuous cost management. (
  • A new study suggests that tobacco companies may be using online video portals, such as YouTube, to get around advertising restrictions and market their products to young people. (
  • Many tobacco companies signed up to a voluntary agreement to restrict direct advertising on websites by the end of 2002, although there is little actual regulation in place. (
  • Robin Hewings, Cancer Research UK's tobacco policy manager, said: "Tobacco companies will use every means at their disposal to advertise their deadly products. (
  • Tobacco companies would no longer have the same kind of brand images to promote on the internet or elsewhere. (
  • Some have urged federal regulators to prosecute oil companies under racketeering charges, as the Department of Justice did in 1999 in a case against Philip Morris and other major tobacco brands. (
  • It was a pedigree the tobacco companies recognized and sought out. (
  • It also is part of a push from environmental groups to make the legal case that fossil energy companies have lied for decades about global warming risks, just as tobacco companies lied about the connection between smoking and cancer. (
  • Another connection between oil and tobacco companies, according to CIEL, is the Stanford Research Institute, now known as SRI International after splitting with Stanford University in 1970. (
  • Founded in 1946, SRI studied smog and pollution generally and received funding from tobacco and oil companies. (
  • It will also serve as a model to monitor the actions of other industries, such as processed ​​food, alcoholic and soft drinks, considering that there are undeniable similarities between the strategies used by all these companies in order to undermine public policies," states the observatory's website . (
  • The tobacco industry comprises those persons and companies who are engaged in the growth, preparation for sale, shipment, advertisement, and distribution of tobacco and tobacco-related products. (
  • The phrase "tobacco industry" generally refers to the companies involved in the manufacture of cigarettes, cigars, snuff, chewing tobacco and pipe tobacco. (
  • Philip Morris Companies Inc.), still owns the Philip Morris tobacco business in the United States, but Philip Morris International has been fully independent since 2008. (
  • The suits claimed that tobacco causes cancer, that companies in the industry knew this, and that they deliberately understated the significance of their findings, contributing to the illness and death of many citizens in those states. (
  • The suit resulted in a large cash settlement being paid by a group of tobacco companies to the states that sued. (
  • In Merchants of Doubt, Naomi Oreskes and Erik Conway documented the way that tobacco companies had campaigned over several decades to cast doubt on the scientific evidence of harm caused by their products, and noted the same techniques being used by other industries whose harmful products were targets of regulatory and environmental efforts. (
  • Many of the consultants who worked for the tobacco industry, have also worked for fossil fuel companies against action on climate change. (
  • It was not until the 1990s when public health advocates had more success in litigating against tobacco industries, including the 1998 Master Settlement Agreement between major tobacco companies and 46 state attorneys general. (
  • Although public opinion in the United States on cigarette smoking is more unfavorable, many large tobacco companies continue to find success internationally. (
  • Major tobacco lobbying companies include Altria Group (the parent company of Philip Morris USA), Philip Morris International, and Reynolds American. (
  • Worried that these studies would negatively impact tobacco consumption, tobacco companies met together and hired the public relations firm Hill & Knowlton. (
  • In 1954, tobacco companies published a joint press release called "A Frank Statement", which cast doubt on studies linking smoking and cancer and called for more research. (
  • For example, after the Federal Trade Commission (FTC) mandated warning labels on cigarette packages, tobacco companies successfully requested Congressional regulation in place of FTC regulation. (
  • Although tobacco companies had considerable influence throughout the twentieth century, anti-tobacco advocates also had some successes. (
  • The tobacco industry has targeted African American communities in its advertisements and promotional efforts for menthol cigarettes. (
  • businessman who became the first tobacco executive to publicly admit to the dangers of cigarettes. (
  • BOSTON (AP) - The Latest on Massachusetts becoming the first state to ban flavored tobacco and vaping products, including menthol cigarettes (all times local): 5:15p.m. (
  • BOSTON (AP) - Massachusetts became the first state to ban flavored tobacco and nicotine vaping products, including menthol cigarettes, after Republican Gov. Charlie Baker signed into law on Wednesday a bill that's meant to reduce the appeal of the products to young people amid a rash of illnesses. (
  • BOSTON (AP) - Massachusetts lawmakers passed a groundbreaking ban Thursday on the sale of flavored tobacco and vaping products, including menthol cigarettes. (
  • A tobacco industry hypothesis is any working theory that the tobacco industry considered as a way to demonstrate that tobacco-related diseases result from causative factors other than cigarettes. (
  • Cigarette makers and tobacco farmers asked the House Ways and Means Committee to let the excise tax on cigarettes revert to 8 cents a pack at the end of September, while health groups urged the panel to double it to 32 cents to help discourage smoking. (
  • The tobacco industry appears so confident in the technology that they are now funding research that looks at the health effects of e-cigarettes vs. regular cigarettes. (
  • We believe that vapor products and other noncombustible tobacco products may present less risk to adult tobacco consumers than smoking cigarettes. (
  • There is a strong association between e-cigs, cigarettes, and other burned tobacco products by young people," she said "There is not a safe level of nicotine use for kids until the age of 24. (
  • Many small businesses came under FDA regulation for the first time after the 2016 deeming rule extended FDA's authority to products such as e-cigarettes and hookah and pipe tobacco . (
  • We are concerned our colleagues will be used," said Jørgen Vestbo, DMSc, from the University of Manchester in the United Kingdom, who will cochair a session on e-cigarettes and heated tobacco. (
  • Vestbo said he worries that marketing and industry-funded science will prevail, as it did with big tobacco, especially because e-cigarettes are seen as a harm-reduction tool. (
  • In fact, it states that there is "no evidence that e-cigarettes are safer than tobacco in the long term. (
  • And the smoking-cessation aspect of e-cigarettes pits scientists and clinicians against one another, even though they are all "on the same side," said Filippos Filippidis, MD, PhD, from Imperial College London, who will discuss novel tobacco and nicotine products during the session that Vestbo will cochair. (
  • I am sad to see that the tobacco-control community - many members of which have dedicated their lives to combating tobacco and saving people's lives - is now divided on the topic of e-cigarettes. (
  • Perhaps most interesting is Proctor's note that global tobacco use would be declining were it not for China, where 40% of the world's cigarettes are made and smoked. (
  • Engages in the manufacture and sale of cigarettes and other tobacco products in markets outside of the United States. (
  • In the Budget, Finance Minister Tito Mboweni announced plans for a new tax on heated tobacco products, such as hubbly bubbly, at a rate of 75percent of the cigarette excise rate, and a new tax on vapers and e-cigarettes, while tax increases on more traditional cigarettes would result in consumers paying up to 74cents more for a packet. (
  • This prevalent use of tobacco could be a result of an unbalanced state policy that makes premium cigarettes, such as Marlboro, Camel, and Davidoff, less than half the cost compared to neighboring CIS and European countries. (
  • Add about the fact that It is necessary to make the excise on tobacco higher so that Marlboro and other top-class cigarettes are not accessible to the kids and cost much more, same as in other European countries. (
  • According to the Global Youth Tobacco Survey (GYTS 2017), 40.3% of children have tried to smoke electronic cigarettes, and every fifth teenager is now a regular electronic cigarette smoker. (
  • In Ukraine and globally, tobacco and e-cigarettes are still rampant and increasing in popularity as the business includes new flavors, products, and branding. (
  • A sudden concern for smoking is the new public rhetoric of the tobacco industry to justify a new range of so-called "less harmful" products such as heated tobacco products, while simultaneously selling regular cigarettes which form the bulk of their profits. (
  • Its non edible leaf is dried and used to produce cigarettes, pipe tobacco, cigars, chewing tobacco and snuff. (
  • Members of Congress from tobacco states and those sympathetic to tobacco interests have managed to block most proposals to end subsidies to tobacco growers and to defeat most efforts by the Food and Drug Administration to put sharper restrictions on cigarettes. (
  • The industry has spent tens of billions designing cigarettes since the 1940s - that's from the industry's own documents,' Robert Proctor said. (
  • Proctor, the first historian to testify in court against the tobacco industry (in 1998), warns that the worst of the health catastrophe is still ahead of us: Thanks to the long-term effects of cigarettes, "If everyone stopped smoking today, there would still be millions of deaths a year for decades to come. (
  • Tobacco agriculture and cigarette manufacturing have heavy carbon footprints - think deforestation and petrochemical pesticides - and cigarettes are leading causes of fires and industrial accidents. (
  • Even when the science suggested that cigarettes could be harmful to human health, the Tobacco Industry tried and suppress the science so that they can get their dirty money. (
  • They have probably killed hundreds of thousands of people and perhaps millions of people with cigarettes and other various other tobacco products through lung cancer and various other cancers. (
  • Each kilogram of tobacco is estimated to provide enough for 1,200 cigarettes. (
  • Islamabad : The Coalition for Tobacco Control (CTC) Tuesday expressed shock at the publication of an advertisement backed by the tobacco industry, calling for stopping illegal trade of cigarettes in Pakistan. (
  • The cover of this issue features Santa Claus images from the travelling exhibition, "Merry X-Ray and A Happy New Lung: When Santa Sold Cigarettes", created by Alan Blum, Director of the University of Alabama Center for the Study of Tobacco and Society. (
  • I am confident, however, that even in countries where Christmas is not celebrated so widely or at all, we could find examples linking cigarettes or other tobacco products with numerous respected or revered symbols and images. (
  • 3 It happens every time a child wears a cigarette-branded item, a musician features smoking in a video, a pack of cigarettes bears patriotic colours, a team is sponsored by a tobacco company, or an edgy movie or play features smoking. (
  • Tobacco industry knowingly and intentionally makes cigarettes more addictive by adding hundreds of substances. (
  • The tobacco industry has genetically engineered their tobacco plants to contain double the amount of nicotine which is the addictive element of cigarettes. (
  • GENEVA, July 26 (Reuters) - Electronic cigarettes and heated tobacco products are not helping fight cancer, the World Health Organization (WHO) said on Friday, urging smokers and governments not to trust claims from cigarette firms about their latest products. (
  • The industry was trying to gain respectability through manipulative messages such as claiming their products were part of a "harm reduction" strategy, even though cigarettes still account for 97% of the global tobacco market, the report said. (
  • There is no difference between cigarettes and heated tobacco products except that in terms of exposure: the exposure is less and the smoke is not visible," he said. (
  • Electronic cigarettes, containing nicotine but not tobacco, were promoted as a way to quit smoking. (
  • In 2016, Australia implemented annual increases in tobacco excise of 12.5% a year till 2020, raising the cost of a pack of cigarettes to about AUD 40. (
  • The illicit trade factoid is a key "go-to" narrative used repeatedly by the tobacco industry to undermine tobacco control efforts across countries in Asia and globally, whether tax increases, standardized packaging, large pictorial health warnings, advertising bans, public smoking bans, or bans/regulations on new and emerging tobacco products, such as e-cigarettes and heated tobacco products. (
  • In fact, despite the Australian Customs and Border Protection Service increasing its capture of illegal tobacco, only one haul of 'plain packaged' illegal cigarettes has been found. (
  • PMI, maker of Marlboro cigarettes, has said its future is in smokeless products such as new "heat not burn" tobacco-filled cigarettes that may be less harmful - although there is insufficient evidence to be sure - as well as e-cigarettes. (
  • Additional promising youth prevention strategies that could be part of a comprehensive strategy include, but are not limited to, raising the age of tobacco product sales to 21, placing restrictions on flavored tobacco product sales, and adding requirements that all tobacco products, including e-cigarettes, be kept behind the store counter or in a locked box. (
  • R.J. Reynolds' Right Decisions Right Now external icon , according to the company, is a "free educational tobacco prevention program for students in grades 5-9" that "emphasizes prevention of tobacco in any form, including e-cigarettes and smokeless tobacco. (
  • This shows that the tobacco industry's influence on our nation's health extends far beyond policies directly concerned with smoking or cigarettes," said Ruth Malone, RN, PhD, associate professor in the UCSF School of Nursing and senior author on the study. (
  • Over 29 million packs of cigarettes are sold to California children annually, generating $62.5 million in sales revenue for the tobacco industry. (
  • The industry now proposes to "solve" challenges with illicit cigarettes via an industry-controlled tracking system, shifting power from governments to the industry. (
  • It was reported in the media that during the Cabinet discussion on 11th September 2018 on disallowing the sale of loose cigarettes, which was initiated by the Minister of Health, the Minister of Finance had objected to the measure stating that tobacco control measures have resulted in a loss of Rs. (
  • Cigarettes continue to dominate tobacco sales in Egypt. (
  • President Obama signed into law a bill last week that gives the US government broad regulatory power over cigarettes and other tobacco products. (
  • Abstract Introduction: The Cigarettes and Other Tobacco Products (Prohibition of Advertising and Regulations of Trade and Commerce, Production, Supply and Distribution) Act 2003 (COTPA) set out a number of stringent regulations to address tobacco promotion, some of which were revised in 2004. (
  • The tobacco industry has targeted youth, LGBT and people of color with menthol cigarettes. (
  • Black adults predominantly smoke menthol cigarettes and disproportionately suffer from tobacco-related diseases. (
  • Advertisement and promotion of certain tobacco products appear to be targeted to members of racial/minority communities. (
  • Litigation and the threat of litigation played a major role in shaping the environment for tobacco products at the end of the 20th century. (
  • The vaping industry is criticizing Massachusetts' new statewide ban on flavored tobacco and vaping products as the wrong approach. (
  • Regulation of tobacco would rather provide a means of controlling an industry that for too long has been free to market its products to children, lie about tobacco's negative health effects and withhold information about tobacco's addictive properties.This statewide survey of Utahns indicates that the public feels the tobacco industry should be penalized for marketing to, and profiting from, children and adolescents. (
  • The tobacco industry pioneered strategies to take the focus off of the health, safety and environmental hazards posed by detrimental products, and shift attention onto topics considered more favorable to the industry. (
  • It can pertain to anything from smoking-related disease to target marketing, to scientific inquiry about their products, such as tobacco blends or chemical additives. (
  • Because of mergers and reorganizations in the chemical and pharmaceutical industries, the makers of the quit-smoking products say their marketing is now free of tobacco industry influence. (
  • To comply with these standards, manufacturers and distributors must guarantee product quality and integrity at every phase of manufacturing and track and trace tobacco products throughout the entire supply chain. (
  • The Center for Tobacco Products' Office of Small Business Assistance (OSBA) is available to help you understand and comply with FDA's tobacco laws and regulations. (
  • Read specific information about rules and requirements for manufacturers of tobacco products, including submission deadlines and other key resources. (
  • The FDA's Center for Tobacco Products has several processes in place for manufacturers and other industry to submit regulatory information and correspondence about tobacco products using electronic methods. (
  • Geneva, Switzerland (ots/PRNewswire) - The Directive's Aim is to Harmonize Regulations - Not Disrupt the Free Movement of Goods Across the EU Just two weeks before the Tobacco Products Directive (TPD2) comes into force in the 28 EU Member States, the Court of Justice of the European Union (CJEU) has rejected tobacco manufacturers' claims against TPD2. (
  • Legislation approved by the House on Wednesday to give the Food and Drug Administration regulatory control over tobacco products fails to address the massive market changes of the last decade, growers and others say. (
  • Ellen Hahn, director of the Kentucky Tobacco Policy Research Program in UK's College of Nursing, said the bill would prohibit health claims about lower-risk products and she supports that. (
  • I don't think there are (tobacco) products that are better for you," she said. (
  • Engages in the manufacture, distribution, and sale of tobacco products. (
  • Through its subsidiaries, manufactures and sells cigarette and other tobacco products in the United States. (
  • CAPE TOWN - Tobacco farmers, manufacturers and other organisations in the sector have pleaded with the government to freeze proposed tax increases on tobacco products announced in the 2020 Budget, due to the impact on the sector of Covid-19 and the sharp increase in the sale of illegal products. (
  • The South Africa Tobacco Transformation Alliance's Ntando Sibisi told Parliament's Standing Committee on Finance, which met to consider draft tax legislation yesterday, that an increase in excise taxes would lead to lower revenue to the government, as tobacco products would become less affordable, and would lead to an even bigger proliferation of illegal products that had mushroomed during the five-month sales ban imposed on the industry during the lockdown. (
  • The organisation said that taxing less harmful tobacco products would close the door for consumers and informal traders hoping to switch to these products. (
  • Conventional tobacco products are under severe regulation as they can't be advertised in the media, sold to minors, smoked in public places. (
  • The Southeast Asia Tobacco Control Alliance (SEATCA) puts the spotlight on the tobacco industry's marketing tactics targeting women and girls especially in Asia to market its deadly products. (
  • Internal tobacco industry documents reveal that the tobacco industry has been notoriously targeting women and girls through their ads and novel products that promote social desirability, independence, sophistication, glamor, romance, and fun. (
  • The tobacco industry has been introducing new products framed as "innovation" by refreshing brand marketing devices and imagery to appeal to women and young girls. (
  • The industry that sells these products has been well aware of the dangers for decades but continues to put their own profits before peoples health. (
  • The White House has said it would endorse any bill that meets the president's criteria, including a large price increase to discourage underage smoking and an affirmation of the Food and Drug Administration's right to regulate tobacco products. (
  • The tactics used by the tobacco industry to resist government regulation of its products include conducting public relations campaigns, buying scientific and other expertise to create controversy about established facts, funding political parties, hiring lobbyists to influence policy, using front groups and allied industries to oppose tobacco control measures, pre-empting strong legislation by pressing for the adoption of voluntary codes or weaker laws, and corrupting public officials. (
  • Worldwide, says Stanford historian Robert Proctor, the tobacco industry continues to create toxic products that cause not just lung cancer but also cataracts, ankle fractures, early onset menopause, spontaneous abortion and erectile dysfunction, among other maladies. (
  • Is it then odd that some of the same groups and people who helped create the confusion around the science positions on tobacco products are now involved with the creation of confusion around the science positions on global climate change? (
  • Researchers have long known the dangers of tobacco products, which kill more than 8 million people each year, according to the World Health Organization. (
  • Virtually no one knows exactly how addictive smoking is, and the tobacco industry has been hard at work manipulating their products to make them more addictive gradually. (
  • Vinayak Prasad, programme manager of WHO's tobacco control unit, told reporters that development of new products was solely intended to expand the markets of tobacco firms. (
  • The executive body's deliberations remained deadlocked at a meeting in early November resulting in a second postponement of a decision to sever ties with an industry, whose products are responsible for killing some seven million people per year from lung cancer and heart disease. (
  • Tobacco products are uniquely lethal and kill up to half of lifetime users. (
  • The tobacco industry supports small tax increases but opposes large increases that effectively reduce the affordability of their products. (
  • Most people start using tobacco products before age 18. (
  • The funding for the agency - Stopping Tobacco Organizations and Products (STOP) - comes from Bloomberg Philanthropies, whose founder, former New York City mayor Michael Bloomberg, has committed nearly US$1 billion to the global fight against tobacco. (
  • Strategies to raise the price of tobacco products, which reduce youth initiation and use. (
  • The food industry of today and the tobacco industry share strategies such as tarring opponents as "fascists," distorting science and insisting that they do not promote overuse of their products, argue Kelly Brownell, director of the Rudd Center for Food Policy and Obesity at Yale University, and Kenneth Warner, dean of the University of Michigan School of Public Health. (
  • The food industry should also reformulate products with healthier ingredients, Brownell said. (
  • Their true purpose was to generate disinformation,' says Richard Daynard, a Boston law professor and chairman of the Tobacco Products Liability Project. (
  • South Africa's lockdown period in response to the Covid-19 pandemic included a temporary ban on the sale of tobacco and alcohol products. (
  • Their present was beautifully wrapped with an agreement to ban cigarette vending machines, to restrict mail distribution of tobacco products, and to prohibit billboard advertising of tobacco products within 1,000 feet of schools--all of which would be greatly effective in decreasing youth smoking, an injurious activity that one out of every three American high school students take part in. (
  • But most importantly, the Philip Morris/UST proposal eliminates FDA jurisdiction over tobacco products. (
  • With no FDA jurisdiction over tobacco, there is no agency with authority over nicotine-containing tobacco products. (
  • The industry also demands a voice in harm-reduction policy-making by claiming a commitment to producing less-harmful products. (
  • The food industry regularly turns to a small group of scientists - including several with ties to Big Tobacco - to determine whether additives it is adding to food products are safe. (
  • The Tobacco Industry is comprised of a small set of corporations that grow, sell and distribute tobacco and related products throughout the world. (
  • A serious economic slowdown will lead to a drop in consumption, since in many countries tobacco products are heavily taxed, pushing up prices, and consumers have limited discretionary income. (
  • The organizations signing the letter, led by STOP (Stopping Tobacco Organizations and Products), include Action for Smoking and Health, U.S., Campaign for Tobacco Free Kids, Corporate Accountability International Framework Convention Alliance, Johns Hopkins Institute for Global Tobacco Control, NCD Alliance, and World Heart Federation" (10/30). (
  • Organizations worried about climate change have long drawn comparisons between the petroleum and tobacco industries, arguing that each has minimized public health damages of its products to operate unchecked. (
  • I commend the Barnstable Board of Health for restricting all flavored tobacco and vaping products, including menthol, mint, and wintergreen flavors, to adult-only retail stores. (
  • The sweet flavorings in tobacco and vaping products are appealing to young people and a primary reason youth give for trying the products. (
  • On 1 July 2009, Ireland prohibited the advertising and display of tobacco products in all retail outlets. (
  • The speakers dwell on the tax revenue generated by tobacco, brag about the economic clout of smokers, and encourage political activity against smoking restrictions. (
  • A glossy ``Passport to Smokers' Rights'' kit, complete with talking points, draft letters and preprinted postcards to public officials and government agencies, produced by the Tobacco Institute. (
  • An ``editorial service'' that sends out pro-tobacco editorials to local newspapers and a massive ``American Smokers' Manual,'' both produced by Philip Morris. (
  • In addition, a new national clearinghouse called the ``Smokers' Rights Alliance'' (SRA) has been created by the tobacco industry to help coordinate the local groups that R.J. Reynolds is setting up. (
  • But in reality these smokers' rights organizations are little more than an economic tool of the tobacco industry. (
  • The tobacco industry, stung by the loss, is spending millions of dollars to create its own version of that weapon in the form of a smokers' rights ``movement. (
  • This trend held true for generations of smokers, but in the past 10 years the cigarette industry has seen a small but significant sea change. (
  • To head off this pending disaster, the industry planned to introduce a weak statewide smoking restriction measure "with moderate provisions" that would "institutionalize certain smokers' rights and dramatically weaken one of the strongest statewide GASP organizations in the country. (
  • Tobacco industry-funded research has repeatedly been a smokescreen for behavior that has led to worse outcomes for smokers. (
  • The Ministry of Health, Health Promotion Agency, Quitline New Zealand, ASH (Action for Smokefree 2025), and public health leader Hapai Te Hauora all promote vaping as an effective and safe way for smokers to quit tobacco. (
  • Such a classification will help protect tobacco control measures from being challenged, particularly for developing countries where the bulk of the smokers are," Assunta said. (
  • As far back as 1984, an executive at R.J. Reynolds said: "Younger adult smokers are the only source of replacement smokers…If younger adults turn away from smoking, the industry must decline, just as a population which does not give birth will eventually dwindle. (
  • They need to recruit new, younger smokers to replace the 100,000 people who die every year as a result of using tobacco. (
  • Advertising bans have been very influential in reducing the number of smokers but the tobacco industry has always looked for loopholes so it's no surprise that they may be using social media. (
  • The measure is aimed at improving public health and cutting the number of child smokers, and is likely to crimp tobacco company profits. (
  • People who decided to take up smoking chose the cigarette over any other nicotine delivery system available, including pipes and chewing tobacco. (
  • A task-force report on electronic nicotine delivery, recently issued by the ERS tobacco control committee ( Eur Respir J . 2019;53:1801151 ), does not recommend population-based harm-reduction strategies for tobacco cessation. (
  • Tobacco contains over 4,000 different gases, particles and compounds including tar, nicotine and carbon monoxide. (
  • Tobacco control advocates are especially concerned about the consequences of exposing teens to any amount of nicotine, which is highly addictive. (
  • By reducing exposure to mint, menthol, and wintergreen tobacco, Barnstable is working to create an environment that can lead to reduced health inequities and prevent tobacco and nicotine addiction. (
  • The industry was found to have decades of internal memos confirming in detail that tobacco (which contains nicotine) is both addictive and carcinogenic (cancer-causing). (
  • The industry had long denied that nicotine is addictive. (
  • The Tobacco Industry Interference Index was initiated by the Southeast Asia Tobacco Control Alliance as a regional report with support from Bloomberg Philanthropies and is part of a global publication of the Global Center for Good Governance in Tobacco Control at the School of Global Studies in Thammasat University, Thailand. (
  • The Bangkok-based Southeast Asia Tobacco Control Alliance (SEATCA) said it was disappointed that the ILO has postponed its decision on whether to cut its ties with the tobacco industry. (
  • Many governments have been fed data from this PMI-funded report by OE, which has been described as severely flawed in a critique recently released by the Southeast Asia Tobacco Control Alliance (SEATCA). (
  • Mary Assunta, a long-time tobacco control advocate and a senior policy advisor at the Southeast Asia Tobacco Control Alliance, said she had never heard of a country applying the "res extra commercium" doctrine to tobacco, but hoped India would set a precedent. (
  • Dr. Bero and her colleague Bhavna Shamasunder sifted through the trove of internal tobacco industry documents released in 1998 as part of the settlement of the states' lawsuit against the tobacco industry. (
  • The documents were made public as a term of the 1998 Master Settlement Agreement between the states and the tobacco industry. (
  • The tobacco industry, working through third parties to prevent policy-relevant research that adversely affected it between 1988 and 1998, used coordinated, well-funded strategies in repeated attempts to silence tobacco researcher Stanton A. Glantz. (
  • In 1998, when the EPA proposed a series of risk mitigation measures to protect workers and the community from sometimes-fatal poisoning by phosphine, tobacco interests protested that the rules would "make it virtually impossible for our industry to continue to fumigate stored tobacco. (
  • The documents were supposed to be available to the public as part of a 1998 settlement against the tobacco industry, but BAT has restricted access, refusing to supply documents electronically and sometimes taking a year or more to process photocopy requests. (
  • After the 1998 Master Settlement Agreement that ended Big Tobacco's ability to market directly to youth 17 and younger, the industry intensified its marketing efforts towards you, the 18-24 year old. (
  • The 2020 UK Tobacco Industry Interference Index forms part of the Global Tobacco Industry Interference Index , a global survey of how public-health policies are protected from the industry's subversive efforts, and how governments have pushed back against this influence. (
  • Utahns understand that tobacco regulation will not lead to more bureaucracy, as the tobacco industry claims. (
  • Will Snell, University of Kentucky agricultural economist and tobacco market expert, said that farmers in general are not as fearful of FDA regulation as they were in the 1990s, when "Keep the FDA off the Farm" signs hung in warehouses. (
  • In 1995, Jim Ramsay , a Philip Morris (PM) speechwriter, wrote in a weekly activity report that he had drafted a letter to be sent from ALEC to then-President Bill Clinton expressing ALEC's opposition to U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) regulation of tobacco. (
  • In 2006, in response to calls for government regulation, industry created its Children's Food and Beverage Advertising Initiative (CFBAI). (
  • A United Kingdom-based health economist, Dr. Damilola Olajide, has warned that excessive regulation of the tobacco industry in Nigeria may affect the manufacturers' social responsibilities to the society. (
  • Olajide, while delivering a lecture, titled, 'Balancing regulation with product health hazards: Case for tobacco use in Nigeria,' at a policy dialogue recently organised by the Initiative for Public Policy Analysis in Lagos, said that over-regulation of the industry could force manufacturers to reconsider their input in areas, such as the funding of cancer research in health institutions or the sponsorship of smoking cessation programmes across the country. (
  • Olajide pointed out that, even as available data on tobacco use in Nigeria did not support an over-regulated tobacco industry, "the industry is heavily saturated with regulations and the current level of regulation seems to be in favour of doing the dictates of the World Health Organisation instead of what is required locally. (
  • He argued that since the effectiveness of regulation of tobacco use was slightly dependent on addressing "a complementary behaviour, which is alcohol consumption, the relevant regulatory agencies ought to recognise that there is a social and economic dimension to tobacco use, which requires targeted regulatory regimes and not just a blanket regulation. (
  • It challenged doctors who reported lead-poisoned children to health departments, distracted the public through advertisements that claimed lead was "safe" to use, and fought regulation of the industry by local government, all in the service of profiting from putting a poison in paint, gasoline, plumbing fixtures, and even toys, baseballs, and fishing gear. (
  • For several years New Zealand's vape industry has been calling for regulation. (
  • The goal of any marijuana regulatory framework should be to treat marijuana regulation like tobacco regulation, allowing sale and use to be legal, while simultaneously creating an environment where falling numbers of people are interested in buying and using it," the study concludes. (
  • The industry has to deal with ever-tightening regulation. (
  • This release discusses an open letter from public health groups to the International Labor Organization (ILO) regarding tobacco funding and industry regulation. (
  • The next Conference of the Parties is set to take place in New Delhi India in November 2016, where the next level of global tobacco regulation is due to be agreed upon. (
  • I'm excited about this regulation because mint, menthol and wintergreen are especially linked to youth addiction and harm to populations that the tobacco industry has historically and continually targeted. (
  • Tobacco Product Use and Cessation Indicators Among Adults - United States, 2018. (
  • That compares to the $92 million cigarette market, but the e-cigarette industry is expected to grow 24 percent per year through 2018. (
  • Our representatives in Congress are duty-bound to approach this historic opportunity at tobacco control with the health and well-being of their constituents as their primary concern. (
  • Like large businesses, however, small tobacco retailers and manufacturers must comply with the Tobacco Control Act and related regulations. (
  • They include the contents of tobacco industry websites and two collections from the Tobacco Control Archives at the University of California, San Francisco as of July 1999. (
  • The Common Cause Education Fund produced and disseminated 12 state reports that document the tobacco industry's campaign contributions and lobbying efforts and the success or failure of tobacco-control efforts at the state level from February 2002 through July 2003. (
  • The Common Cause Education Fund published 12 state reports that document the tobacco industry's campaign contributions and lobbying efforts and the success or failure of tobacco-control efforts at the state level. (
  • Project staff, state chapter leaders and tobacco-control advocates disseminated the reports to the media, state legislators, health and tobacco groups, the public and others. (
  • Common Cause established partnerships with tobacco-control advocates in the 12 states. (
  • The Centre for Tobacco Control Research at the University of Strathclyde has used the searchable archive as a tool to analyze these advertising agency documents and to develop a series of five marketing Case Studies. (
  • Cigarette butts are the world's most common form of litter, with an estimated 4.5 trillion thrown away every year, according to medical journal Tobacco Control. (
  • This makes the Convention on the Rights of the Child a potentially powerful tobacco-control tool and the United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF), which oversees the convention's implementation, a potential leader in tobacco control. (
  • UNICEF actively supported tobacco control initiatives in the late 1990s, but since the early 2000s UNICEF's role in tobacco control has been minimal. (
  • We found that from 1997 to 2000, when UNICEF was actively promoting tobacco control to support children's rights, the tobacco industry saw children's rights and UNICEF as potentially powerful threats to business that needed to be closely monitored and neutralized. (
  • The industry then positioned itself as a partner with UNICEF on youth smoking prevention initiatives as a way to avoid meaningful tobacco control measures that could save children's lives. (
  • This was part of an overall tobacco industry strategy to improve its corporate image, infiltrate the United Nations, and weaken global tobacco-control efforts. (
  • 2 The serious and widespread impact of tobacco use on children's health, the tobacco industry's exploitative marketing practices, and the use of child labor in tobacco growing 3 make the CRC a potentially powerful tobacco control tool, as acknowledged by several public health and human-rights advocates. (
  • At that time, the United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF), which is the world's leading authority on CRC implementation, was working with the WHO to promote tobacco control from a children's rights perspective, and was involved in FCTC negotiations. (
  • In the late 1990s, UNICEF saw its role in tobacco control as a children's rights obligation and called for tobacco advertising bans, 9 , 10 raising tobacco taxes, and health education 11 and initiated joint youth smoking prevention (YSP) projects with the WHO. (
  • 12 , 13 Children's rights were a theme in international tobacco-control meetings, 14 - 18 and in 2001, the WHO and UNICEF published a joint report on tobacco and children's rights in which they emphasized the need to protect children from smoking initiation, secondhand smoke exposure, tobacco marketing, and labor on tobacco farms. (
  • They contained no information from government-funded public health agencies like the National Institutes of Health, the Centers for Disease Control or the U.S. Surgeon General's office, or from non-profit groups with decades of experience fighting tobacco-related illnesses, like the American Cancer Society , American Lung Association or American Heart Association . (
  • The title, "Proactive Legislation," refers to laws that the tobacco industry drafts and pushes through state legislatures in order to stop public health tobacco control activity at the local level. (
  • The goal is to control tobacco use and reduce smoking. (
  • Though many African American tobacco control and policy advocates are aware of the various document libraries available, few have the time, or resources to support staff dedicated to conducting the extensive searches required to retrieve information specific to community health and policy interests. (
  • These documents can provide a powerful resource to tobacco control advocates engaged in community awareness and education, policy initiatives, and prevention and cessation efforts. (
  • It has 267 civil society organizations working on tobacco control issues in Pakistan. (
  • A few years ago, this was illustrated by a Tobacco Control piece on cigarette calendars from the Philippines featuring the Virgin Mary. (
  • The tobacco industry has a long history of systemic, aggressive, sustained and well-resourced opposition to tobacco control measures," the report said. (
  • all have the goal of weakening tobacco control. (
  • Sophapan Ratanachena-McWhortor is Tobacco Tax Program Manager of SEATCA* & Dr Hana Ross is the Principal Research Officer of Economics of Tobacco Control Project (ETCP) at the University of Cape Town. (
  • Tax increases used as part of comprehensive tobacco control have been shown to successfully reduce smoking in many countries, including Australia, Thailand, Philippines and South Africa. (
  • Governments must therefore use this COVID-19 pandemic as an opportunity to level up their tobacco control policies and programs and redouble their efforts to protect public health policies from tobacco industry influence, as there is an irreconcilable conflict of interest between public health and the commercial and vested interests of the tobacco industry. (
  • The tobacco control movement has roundly denounced the foundation and accused PMI of duplicity. (
  • Based on an analysis of internal tobacco company documents, the article outlines evidence that the tobacco industry hired ex-agency scientists to intervene in federal Environmental Protection Agency decision-making, hired a consultant to influence World Health Organization pesticide regulatory deliberations without revealing his industry ties, and staged a useless test aimed at convincing regulators that no further restrictions were needed to control an especially deadly pesticide, among other actions. (
  • First author Patricia McDaniel, PhD, postdoctoral fellow at the UCSF Center for Tobacco Control Research and Education, added, "It's one thing for the industry to participate in the public policy process by providing information or arguments, but it's another to hire people to secretly influence the policy process and to manipulate the science guiding policymakers. (
  • 1 Center for Tobacco Control Research and Education, and Cardiovascular Research Institute and Department of Medicine, University of California, San Francisco, CA 94143-1390, USA. (
  • Professor Anna Gilmore and the Tobacco Control Research Group have undertaken extensive research on the conduct of the tobacco industry and its influence over public policies. (
  • The UCSF Library and Center for Knowledge Management, in collaboration with the Center for Tobacco Control Research and Education at UCSF, has created procedures to process the six million paper documents and developed a system for online search and display. (
  • More than any other single collection, the BAT documents reveal the reach and corrupting influence of the tobacco industry in the developing world," said Stanton Glantz, PhD, professor of medicine and director of UCSF's Center for Tobacco Control Research and Education. (
  • Tobacco control is a key issue for the Society because it is estimated that smoking causes 30% of all cancer deaths and is related to more than 85% of lung cancer cases. (
  • When governments implement effective tobacco control policies, tobacco smoking declines. (
  • In its zeal to promote tobacco use, the tobacco industry regularly perpetrates unethical, and often unlawful, interference with life-saving tobacco control policies. (
  • The tobacco industry deploys an array of strategies to undermine tobacco control efforts. (
  • The industry secures content consistent with their interests by using advertising dollars to control media messages, by manufacturing information sources, or by ghostwriting pro-tobacco content. (
  • When new tobacco control policies are on the agenda, the image of a good "corporate citizen" redirects attention away from the dire consequences of smoking. (
  • Chair of the Tobacco Control Task Force of the American Association of Public Health Physicians. (
  • We speak with Dr. Joel Nitzkin, chair of the Tobacco Control Task Force of the American Association of Public Health Physicians. (
  • But Rachel Barry and Stanton Glantz of the school's Center for Tobacco Control Research and Education express concern about the regulations proposed by the two initiatives seen as most likely to make the November ballot. (
  • Evidence from tobacco and alcohol control demonstrates that without a strong public health framework, a wealthy and politically powerful marijuana industry will develop and use its political clout to manipulate regulatory frameworks and thwart public health efforts to reduce use and profits," the study read. (
  • The tobacco industry will fight almost every tobacco control policy, so governments must anticipate and counter their actions at every level. (
  • Societies must hold governments accountable to ensure that they resist the industry and fully implement and enforce vigorous tobacco control. (
  • Tobacco control faces a most daunting foe in an enormous, highly-profitable, and politically well-connected tobacco industry driven to expand its customer base to maximize profits. (
  • However, there are proactive steps that the tobacco control community can take to counter the industry and maximize public health goals. (
  • One of the best strategies is to plan for the industry's inevitable pushback against any tobacco control effort that is likely to reduce their customer base - i.e., think before the implementation of an intervention. (
  • The tobacco industry typically employs the same set of strategies to fight against tobacco control efforts, no matter the time or place. (
  • For example, the industry continues to litigate against tobacco control policies in courts across the world, including claims that measures violate commitments to international economic agreements. (
  • Effective tobacco control needs a variety of established professional skill sets, including economics, law, medicine, public health, social science, and communications to successfully execute policies and programs. (
  • The tobacco control community must escalate the engagement of appropriate professionals to outpace the industry's own hired experts. (
  • Actively pursuing the straightforward obligations and recommendations of the WHO FCTC- including allocating sufficient resources to these efforts- will contribute to improved tobacco control, and therefore, greater societal well-being. (
  • The return on investment from tobacco control in lower health costs and increased productivity is enormous. (
  • As enshrined in WHO FCTC Article 5.2(a), for tobacco control to work more effectively, different sectors must work together. (
  • Health ministries are generally the natural tobacco control focal point, but they must understand their peer departments, and work to educate and empower them to vigorously promote tobacco control. (
  • Beyond government, civil society can help to pressure governments for better tobacco control and provide independent expertise, while the research sector can help to build tobacco control's evidence base. (
  • Governments and tobacco control proponents need to understand these venues given the local context to neutralize the tobacco industry. (
  • Recent or current litigation against tobacco control efforts and/or litigation against the tobacco industry. (
  • Tobacco Use Prevention and Control Program. (
  • The industry has always denied advertising on the internet, but a new study in the journal Tobacco Control , conducted by scientists at the University of Otago in New Zealand, indicates that online videos containing tobacco brand images or words are commonplace. (
  • An example was put together by the Tobacco Control Research Group at the University of Bath, calling attention to the individuals and institutions "promoting a pro-tobacco agenda. (
  • Such efforts are being funded in order to implement the WHO Framework Convention of Tobacco Control, implemented by the Conference of the Parties held in Moscow in October 2014 . (
  • The treaty provides its 181 member states the duty of "In setting and implementing their public health policies with respect to tobacco control, Parties shall act to protect these policies from commercial and other vested interests of the tobacco industry in accordance with national law. (
  • Popular documents from the UCSF Truth Tobacco Industry Documents that demonstrate the industry's marketing tactics towards women. (
  • These documents are now curated by the UCSF Truth Tobacco Industry Documents project and are a primary source for much commentary on both the tobacco playbook and its similarities to the tactics used by other industries, notably the fossil fuel industry. (
  • Although more and more is known about tobacco industry tactics, a systematic, comprehensive guide is needed to assist regulators and policy-makers in combating those practices. (
  • Tobacco industry tactics for resisting public policy on health. (
  • The agency will "aggressively monitor deceptive tobacco industry tactics and practices to undermine public health," Bloomberg Philanthropies said. (
  • The tobacco industry uses a variety of unethical, often unlawful tactics to undermine implementation of life-saving policies. (
  • The aim of the study was to monitor the industry tactics at the point of sale with advertising and promotion of tobacco product in Mumbai. (
  • Although the civil society and various non-governmental organizations has casted voice against the industry tactics but ineffective enforcement of the law is a major hurdle. (
  • Its campaign will launch "monitoring centres" in cities across the world, tasked with unmasking the tactics of the tobacco industry and its attempts to "interfere" with public health policy. (
  • This is often linked to climate change denialism promoted by the fossil fuel industry: the same tactics were employed by fossil fuel groups such as the American Petroleum Institute to cast doubt on climate science from the 1990s and some of the same PR firms and individuals engaged to claim that tobacco smoking was safe, were later recruited to attack climate science. (
  • UNITED NATIONS, Nov 21 2017 (IPS) - Back in November 2008, the 193-member General Assembly decided, by consensus, to ban smoking and tobacco sales at the UN headquarters in New York: a ruling observed by all affiliated agencies worldwide, including the Geneva-based World Health Organization (WHO) which has severed links with the tobacco industry. (
  • One such report is the Asia Illicit Tobacco Indicator 2017 report sponsored by Philip Morris International (PMI) and done by Oxford Economics (OE), a U.K. based think tank. (
  • Tobacco volume sales continued to increase in Egypt during 2017, mainly due to population growth. (
  • The five major U.S. smokeless tobacco manufacturers spent $576.1 million on smokeless tobacco advertising and promotion in 2019. (
  • This report measures the intensity, frequency, and severity of incidents of tobacco industry interference (TII) reported in the UK in 2019. (
  • Using the Truth Tobacco Industry Documents library, an online collection of previously secret tobacco industry documents, we sought to uncover information on the tobacco industry's ties with UNICEF. (
  • As part of that effort, John Hickson, a sugar-industry executive, funded research by Harvard scientists that was intended, explicitly, to exculpate sugar as a major risk factor for coronary heart disease and to cast blame instead on saturated fat. (
  • Proctor notes that "by artfully crafting its physical character and chemistry, industry scientists have managed to create an optimally addictive drug delivery device, one that virtually sells itself. (
  • I think there are very few, if any, scientists, who were affiliated with the tobacco industry who are now affiliated with Climate Change Science. (
  • I can see lobby groups like the Heartland Institute (whom I pay no attention to) previously supporting the Tobacco Industry, but scientists? (
  • Efforts like these can influence the policymaking process by silencing opposing voices and discouraging other scientists from doing work that may expose them to tobacco industry attacks. (
  • This discovery surprised tobacco industry scientists. (
  • Debate has raged among public health specialists for years over whether scientists should accept tobacco industry money for research. (
  • Bitton and colleagues publish in the current issue of Lancet further revelations about Tobacco Industry subterfuge employed to discredit scientific research, including work conducted at the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC), and to target specific scientists. (
  • Strategically coordinated attacks by hired guns, hiding behind undisclosed paid associations with industry, on the personal research of independent scientists by such means is at best unethical and at worst cowardly. (
  • Despite the efforts of public health advocates, scientists, and those affected by smoking, both Congress and courts favored the tobacco industry in policy and litigation. (
  • Norris J, University of California San Francisco News Office New Tobacco Industry Strategy is to Appear Anti-Tobacco, Study b UCSF Health Policy Researchers Concludes News release. (
  • The move follows recent uproar among anti-tobacco and public health campaigners over the investment of US$80 million by the world's biggest cigarette-maker, Philip Morris International (PMI), in a new body called the Foundation for a Smoke-Free World. (
  • The foundation, which PMI says is independent and is headed by a former anti-tobacco crusader from the WHO, is offering funds for research projects. (
  • In contrast, "a substantial body of research has demonstrated that anti-tobacco industry attitudes reduce the likelihood of future initiation of smoking among youth and young adults. (
  • The world's biggest tobacco company, Philip Morris International, donated 50 ventilators to the government of Greece, which has one of the highest smoking rates in Europe. (
  • Sajan Poovayya, a senior lawyer representing top Indian cigarette maker ITC Ltd and Philip Morris International Inc.'s Indian partner, Godfrey Phillips, said the industry's legal rights would be severely limited if the court applies the doctrine to tobacco. (
  • They owe it to their constituents to vote for comprehensive and meaningful tobacco legislation that truly penalizes the tobacco industry. (
  • 1.Tobacco industry - legislation. (
  • ALEC provides the tobacco industry with valuable services like drafting and circulating pro-industry editorials in specific states, creating and disseminating pro-industry reports to legislators, and serving as a credible third-party mouthpiece who helps " bring pressure to bear on targeted individuals " (lawmakers) to vote the industry's way on legislation. (
  • In Colorado, the tobacco industry noted that widespread sentiment existed for a statewide smoking law, and that even the industry's usual ally, the Colorado Restaurant Association, favored such legislation. (
  • Stan Boman, Tobacco Institute Proactive Legislation Memorandum. (
  • President Clinton gave a his blessing on Thursday to aggressive, bipartisan Senate tobacco legislation that would cost cigarette makers far more than they agreed to pay in a proposed national settlement. (
  • Clinton also endorsed tobacco legislation sponsored by Democratic Sen. Kent Conrad , of North Dakota. (
  • All ten provinces, as well as the Northwest Territories and Nunavut, have adopted legislation to facilitate a medicare cost recovery lawsuit against the tobacco industry. (
  • This is familiar territory because the same scare stories were wheeled out, often by "independent" researchers paid by Big Tobacco money, when Australia introduced this legislation last year. (
  • Britain's parliament has approved legislation to ban branding on cigarette packs, drawing immediate threats of legal action from the country's $38 billion tobacco industry. (
  • Tobacco firms have fiercely resisted the legislation, saying plain pack laws, which will also force product names to be printed in standardised fonts, infringe intellectual property rights covering brands and will increase counterfeiting and smuggling. (
  • Health Assembly resolution 54.18, which urges Member States to be aware of affiliations between the tobacco industry and members of their delegations, and urges WHO and Member States to be alert to any efforts by the tobacco industry to continue its subversive practice and to assure the integrity of health policy development in any WHO meeting and in national governments. (
  • Instead, ALEC provided legislators with favorable articles about the economic impact of the tobacco industry, a Tobacco Institute-produced book about the tax burden imposed on tobacco by governments, and information about Philip Morris' Accommodation program , which started the decades-long trend of instituting smoking and non-smoking sections in restaurants. (
  • Despite governments' efforts to protect public health, tobacco use remains at epidemic proportions. (
  • The industry continues to use this tactic because of its impact on governments that are vulnerable to economic downturn and lack resources to curb illicit trade. (
  • Governments must seek to eliminate the problem of illicit tobacco trade, but they shouldn't be intimidated by the tobacco industry's illicit trade factoid. (
  • With this divestment from tobacco, we are doing our share to support the efforts of governments around the world. (
  • The message: Don't allow environmental activists and Western governments to tarnish palm oil to the extent that it ends up a reviled product, like tobacco. (
  • With near-constant pressure from the tobacco industry, governments must implement policies consistent with WHO FCTC Article 5.3 to make any interactions with the tobacco industry completely transparent- a crucial component of accountability. (
  • Efforts from some in Canada's asbestos industry to lobby foreign governments stem from the country's proposed expansion of one of its largest asbestos mines, Jeffrey Mine. (
  • The asbestos industry and APCO Worldwide, in attempts to keep some governments from banning the use of the mineral, have been accused of bringing a toxicologist from Switzerland to Malaysia to convince the Malaysian government that asbestos can be used safely. (
  • Tobacco is often heavily taxed to gain revenues for governments and as an incentive for people not to smoke. (
  • Tobacco advertising is becoming increasingly restricted by the governments of countries around the world citing health issues as a reason to restrict tobaccos appeal[citation needed] The tobacco industry in the United States has suffered greatly since the mid-1990s, when it was successfully sued by several U.S. states. (
  • Tobacco has been taxed by state governments in the United States for decades. (
  • It's as if they don't realize they're in the business of destroying lungs," said Matthew Myers, president of the Campaign for Tobacco-Free Kids. (
  • Campaign for Tobacco-Free Kids. (
  • The program's goal was "to influence policy makers, media and the public" by having industry consultants attend conferences, present papers and lobby, all while hiding or obscuring the tobacco industry's role. (
  • Guidelines and recommendations exist for countering and monitoring industry marketing, and recommendations have been issued to refuse industry funding of certain activities, but no broad policy has been published to assist government officials, policy- makers and nongovernmental organizations in their interactions with the tobacco industry. (
  • Proctors' book accounts for how tobacco makers have repeatedly lied to Congress and the public. (
  • The measure does not include the broad legal protections the industry negotiated last year, protecting cigarette makers from future class-action lawsuits. (
  • Proctor's] tightly reasoned exploration touches on all topics on which the tobacco makers lied repeatedly to Congress and the public. (
  • The critique uncovers the report's poor data quality, identifies multiple deficiencies in the methodology, and exposes the deceptive presentation of study results, underlining the fact that industry-commissioned reports do not provide scientifically sound information to policy makers and are biased to the interests of the tobacco industry. (
  • Don Barrett, a Mississippi lawyer, took in hundreds of millions of dollars a decade ago after suing Big Tobacco and winning record settlements from R. J. Reynolds, Philip Morris and other cigarette makers. (
  • Despite this, the tobacco industry, including e-cigarette product makers, has continued to engage in school-based youth tobacco prevention initiatives. (
  • The industry uses [youth prevention] efforts to convey to the public, policy makers, judges, and members of juries that it is doing something substantial about the issue of tobacco use among youth. (
  • As for the association's ties to food makers, he said, "Health professionals of all types, especially registered dietitians, need to work with the food industry to ensure a wide variety of healthy food options are available for people. (
  • These impacts involved work with beneficiaries including WHO and a variety of NGOs and by increasing awareness among policy makers of tobacco industry influence. (
  • In effect, they say that whatever purpose cigarette makers may have had in creating the center, they have been vigilant in guarding against industry bias. (
  • ReportLinker simplifies how Analysts and Decision Makers get industry data for their business. (
  • The then-governor of Colorado (2003), Bill Owens, was identified in the document as "a friendly member of the House Local Government Committee (consistently favorable to tobacco interests)" who could "offer a substitute bill with desireable provisions with a good chance of having it adopted and passed out of committee. (
  • And Theodor Sterling, a mathematics professor known for research on smoking that was favorable to the tobacco industry-Philip Morris paid more than $200,000 in the 1990s for his work-also studied lead in gasoline for Ethyl Corp. in 1962. (
  • Khurram said, according to the World Bank's country overview of tobacco use in Pakistan, the tobacco industry overestimates illicit trade as one of the ploys to plan decline in the government's revenues. (
  • Previous critiques, More myth than fact and Failed, already identified similar flaws of industry-funded OE reports on illicit trade in 2012 and 2013. (
  • Produced for World No Tobacco Day, May 2015, the briefing reports on the tobacco industry's conflicting positions on the illicit trade. (
  • Meanwhile, tobacco, long one of Kentucky's most lucrative crops, was declared a health hazard, making the future for this crop uncertain. (
  • By Richard J. Durbin , Rep. Richard J. Durbin (D) of Illinois, co-chairman of the Congressional Task Force on Tobacco and Health, is the original author of the federal law that bans smoking on airline flights of two hours or less. (
  • It addresses the lack of discerning understanding of current and future approaches utilized by the tobacco industry and the way it attempts to or interferes with public health policy development. (
  • It's the most disruptive change in the tobacco market," Jeff Drope, PhD, vice president of economic and health policy research for the American Cancer Society (ACS), told Healthline. (
  • The manufacture, use, and marketing of tobacco present a serious threat to children's right to health. (
  • Scott Ballin, health and tobacco consultant with the Alliance for Health, Economic and Agriculture Development, said lawmakers are ignoring these issues because they complicate the bill. (
  • In fact, the problem is so alarming that the World Health Assembly approved nine voluntary global targets to help decrease tobacco prevalence by 30% among people older than 15 by 2025. (
  • As with any emerging industry, it is important that government and health organizations make a quick and calculated decision to help reduce harmful activities. (
  • In May, 1994, a large FedEx box arrived at the office of Dr. Stanton Glantz, a public-health expert at the University of California, San Francisco, who specialized in tobacco research. (
  • According to the World Health Organisations, tobacco kills more than two and a half million people prematurely every year. (
  • In Indonesia, the Guardian visited tobacco farming communities in Lombok and talked to child workers, including a 14-year-old who told of chest health problems that her family linked to working in the fields. (
  • Because it attacks the lungs, the coronavirus that causes COVID-19 could be an especially serious threat to those who smoke tobacco or marijuana or who vape," the National Institute on Drug Abuse, part of the National Institutes of Health, warned in a statement last month. (
  • It happens when non-governmental organisations that do not see themselves as having a role to play in public health join in "partnerships" with the tobacco industry, lending the industry their image and credibility. (
  • Obviously, on a practical level, anything that furthers tobacco use matters for public health because the cigarette is the single most deadly consumer product ever made. (
  • Tobacco killed staggering numbers during the last century and is projected by the World Health Organization to kill a billion people in this century if trends continue. (
  • The tobacco manufacturers are accused of attempted murder and manslaughter and premeditated attempts to cause grievous bodily harm, premeditated attempts to cause damage to health, and the falsification of documents. (
  • Given all we know about the transnational corporations who foster the tobacco epidemic and the conditions that keep farm workers in poverty, the ILO must heed the call of the nearly 200 non-governmental organizations from the labour, health and development sectors who sent a letter asking for an end to partnerships with the tobacco industry," she declared. (
  • Official Customs figures obtained by Fairfax Media indicate plain packaging has had almost no effect on tobacco smuggling, in direct opposition to the arguments the tobacco industry is using in its campaign to stop the health measure being adopted internationally. (
  • STOP was launched in Cape Town at the 17th World Conference on Tobacco or Health, an event that is held every three years and brings together experts and campaigners from all over the world. (
  • Because the presence of the tobacco industry in school settings may increase the likelihood of youth tobacco product initiation, public health and school-based efforts to prevent youth tobacco product use are encouraged to remain independent of tobacco industry influences. (
  • As a major investor and a leading health insurer, the AXA Group wants to be part of the solution, and our hope is that others in our industry will do the same. (
  • The question is whether they [the food industry] will behave in honorable, health-promoting ways or will sink to the depths occupied by tobacco. (
  • This has shown that the tobacco industry not only attempts to influence public health policies, but also enjoys significant influence over upstream policies, including EU regulatory reforms. (
  • This research has significantly reduced the ability of the tobacco industry to influence public health policy. (
  • In fact, the center was created by industry lawyers and the Tobacco Institute in 1988 to blunt the attack of health advocates as evidence mounted that secondhand smoke causes lung cancer, heart disease and respiratory illness. (
  • Like the American Public Health Association, the American Medical Association advises health researchers not to take tobacco money and scientific journals not to publish tobacco-supported papers. (
  • But it has never banned tobacco industry research grants, and Hopkins' school of public health has been awarded $5.4 million from the indoor air center. (
  • The Philip Morris/UST proposal mocks the health and welfare of our Nation's children and the tobacco industry gets the last laugh. (
  • We believe that they will provide valuable insights into the operations of the tobacco company and their research into smoking and health. (
  • THE Scottish Government's commitment to introducing plain, standardised packs for tobacco has been welcomed by health groups, children's charities and most MSPs. (
  • We feel that the actual facts relating to this statement should be bought before the public of Sri Lanka who bear the brunt of the enormous health, social and economic costs of tobacco use. (
  • International technical agencies such as the World Health Organization (WHO) and the World Bank strongly state that tobacco use is a net loss to any economy and recommends measures to prevent its use. (
  • The Ministry of Health Estimates that around 20,000 people die each year in Sri Lanka due to tobacco use, which is more than 50 persons per day. (
  • The World Health Organization considers tobacco and the single most preventable cause of premature death in the world. (
  • With an aim to curb tobacco consumption-which kills more than 900,000 people each year in India-the government has in recent years raised tobacco taxes, started smoking cessation campaigns and introduced laws requiring covering most of the package in health warnings. (
  • New Delhi has for the first time asked the top court to classify tobacco as "res extra commercium", a Latin phrase meaning "outside commerce," according to a Reuters review of previously unreported court filing by the health ministry on 8 January. (
  • It will be a fillip to this drive against tobacco," said government lawyer R. Balasubramanian, who is acting on behalf of the ministry of health in pursuing the designation. (
  • Seeking to apply the doctrine to tobacco, the government argued it should have the power "to regulate business and to mitigate evils" to safeguard public health, the court filing showed. (
  • Tobacco is not destructive to health. (
  • India's tobacco labelling rules, which mandate 85 percent of a cigarette pack's surface be covered in health warnings, have been a sticking point between the government and the tobacco industry since they were enforced in 2016. (
  • The federal health ministry says stringent health warnings on packages help reduce consumption of tobacco by making people aware of its ill-effects. (
  • Without proper controls, California's marijuana industry could rival "Big Tobacco" as a threat to public health, warns an academic analysis of two ballot measures to legalize the drug. (
  • But the front-runner measures "are written primarily to create a new business and only include minimal protections that are unlikely to prevent public health harms caused by the burgeoning marijuana industry," the study's executive summary read. (
  • For example, marijuana safety and testing standards would be based on voluntary, industry-established codes, not criteria set by independent public health agencies, the study found. (
  • Anticipating that the industry would challenge their plain, standardized tobacco packaging initiative, Australia's health ministry worked in advance with its trade and foreign affairs counterparts to develop policy that would withstand scrutiny in trade dispute settlement, including in the World Trade Organization. (
  • Moreover, the tobacco industry must have no place in shaping health policy or any policies that are likely to have health effects. (
  • In the case of tobacco taxation, finance ministries must work with health counterparts to better understand how tax policy can maximize both revenues and health impacts. (
  • Philip Morris, one of the largest tobacco manufacturers in the United States, hired APCO Worldwide in the 1990s to assist in the battle against public health efforts that attempted to limit and ban smoking. (
  • Health concerns, which have fostered legal and regulatory pressures, limit the growth prospects of this mature industry. (
  • Concerns regarding the health effects of tobacco usage have led to a steady decline in demand in the developed world. (
  • I am giving below the names of individuals who you might consider as potential members of the Medical Advisory Committee for the tobacco industry, as related to its current medical problem," the person wrote to a tobacco research board, alluding to building evidence that smoking caused health problems. (
  • The World Health Organization is pulling out all the stops in its effort to turn public opinion against the tobacco industry. (
  • Using the image of a puppet pulled by strings from above by a mysterious figure, the World Health Organization is pulling out all the stops in its effort to turn public opinion against the tobacco industry. (
  • In the meantime, the World Health Organization will continue investing in monitoring centres to counteract the "darkness" of sin industries such as tobacco, sugar, alcohol and processed foods. (
  • We want all children in our country to grow up free from the burden of disease that tobacco brings,' public health minister Jane Ellison said in a statement. (
  • Tobacco is responsible for 6 million deaths a year globally and the World Health Organisation estimates the number could rise beyond 8 million by 2030. (
  • In the United States, from the 1950s until the 1990s, tobacco industries wielded great influence in shaping public opinion on the health risks of tobacco. (
  • The seventh "WHO report on the global tobacco epidemic" said blocking the industry's interference was critical to cutting the harm from tobacco use. (
  • Firstly, as a global industry that came under sustained criticism from the mid-twentieth century onwards, it pioneered many big-budget campaigns that fueled the growth and evolution of the public relations industry. (
  • Despite the passage of smoking laws, anti-smoking campaigns and an increased overall awareness of the danger of smoking, the tobacco industry is still making strong profits. (
  • High-impact media campaigns that warn young people about the dangers of tobacco use. (
  • The tobacco industry coordinated cross-industry campaigns to delay and weaken federal and international regulations on pesticide use, according to new findings by UCSF researchers. (
  • The industry previously launched campaigns to supposedly prevent youth smoking, which superficially appeared to warn against smoking, but were ultimately found to encourage kids to start smoking. (
  • Publicly, tobacco industry advocates should express the position that NO smoking restriction law is desireable. (
  • You can research tobacco industry hypotheses by going to the Legacy Tobacco Documents Library and entering the search criteria "hypothesis. (
  • Programs and research aimed at reducing tobacco use across America. (
  • Researchers may get lab support to do research that is obviously beneficial to the vaping industry, and makes it look more credible," Vestbo explained. (
  • But the implications of that work, performed by Cristin Kearns, a postdoctoral fellow at U.C.S.F., and published this week in an article titled "Sugar Industry and Coronary Heart Disease Research," in the American Medical Association's journal of internal medicine , are similarly dismaying. (
  • As far back as 1954, the president of the Sugar Research Foundation, Harry Hass, gave a speech in which he explicitly said that the challenge for the "carbohydrate industries" was getting Americans to eat less fat, so that they could then eat more sugar. (
  • Of course, it's possible the sugar industry both funded research that completely suited its interests and that it believed that the research was true. (
  • Law students under the supervision of Professor Vernellia Randall will carry out the research of industry documents and manage the clearinghouse. (
  • Research published in American and Chinese journals already suggests that tobacco users often fare worse with coronavirus infections. (
  • Using think tanks to conduct industry-friendly research is a known tactic of the tobacco industry. (
  • After the U.S. EPA determined that a breakdown product of EBDC fungicides was a probable human carcinogen in 1987, CORESTA, an international tobacco research organization, hired a consultant to provide advice on influencing international regulations on EBDC fungicide limits. (
  • If the scientist is honest, [tobacco industry funding] can be a big boost for research. (
  • Most controversy to date has focused on the Council for Tobacco Research, created in 1954 with an industry pledge to sponsor research on the emerging links between smoking and disease. (
  • The battle over the Council for Tobacco Research culminated this month as New York's attorney general went to court to try to strip the tax-exempt status of the council and the Tobacco Institute, the industry's lobbying and public relations arm, both incorporated in New York. (
  • We've never argued that vaping is harmless, but we do point to international research that confirms it's 95% less harmful than tobacco. (
  • All of these accept the research evidence that standardised packs will make tobacco less appealing to young people. (
  • The use of consultants, who fail to declare their associations with the tobacco industry, to publish purchased critiques of scientific research appears to remain one of the key strategic approaches of the Tobacco Industry" said Dr Peter Boyle, Director of the IARC. (
  • But overlap between both industries existed as early as the 1950s, new research details. (
  • From the 1950s onward, the oil and tobacco firms were using not only the same PR firms and same research institutes, but many of the same researchers," CIEL President Carroll Muffett said in a statement. (
  • Standard packs will help reduce the number of lives blighted by this lethal product and help us move towards a tobacco-free generation,' Cancer Research UK chief executive Harpal Kumar said. (
  • More particularly, writers payed by the "tobacco industry on the issue of SHS later became involved in attacking climate research as surrogates for the energy industry. (
  • In addition, these tobacco industries formed the Tobacco Industry Research Committee (TIRC), which challenged the science of smoking's relation to cancer. (
  • A new study by researchers at the University of California, San Francisco found that the tobacco industry "recruited and managed an international network of more than 80 scientific and medical experts in Europe, Asia and elsewhere in a bid to avoid regulations on secondhand smoke. (
  • Despite advice from its own toxicologists, in 1999 EPA approved the weaker regulations advocated by the tobacco and pesticide industries. (
  • Adding to WHO documentation, the authors describe how the consultant, Gaston Vettorazzi, worked with WHO officials in the capacity of an expert consultant from 1990 until 2001, influencing regulations on EBDC while concealing tobacco industry payments of as much as $100,000 a year. (
  • Zoecon also collected data about international regulatory efforts on methoprene while concealing the tobacco industry's interest in these regulations, the UCSF researchers found. (
  • The tobacco industry has long denied established scientific knowledge and popularized falsehoods, from deliberately clouding the links between smoking and lung cancer decades ago to misrepresenting the effects of plain packaging regulations now. (
  • And those could benefit Kentucky farmers the most, said Roger Quarles, president of the Lexington-based Burley Tobacco Growers Cooperative Association. (
  • He said the proposed increase amounted to "punishing us twice", and some tobacco farmers and processors would go out of business if the duties were increased. (
  • Limpopo Tobacco Processors, which employs more than 400 people, told the committee it had experienced a dramatic drop in demand since the lockdown and the rise in the illicit tobacco trade, while tobacco farmers that supplied the company were struggling financially and had already substantially reduced their plantings, which was resulting in job losses. (
  • As late as 1988, Al Gore was bragging in a speech to tobacco farmers in North Carolina, 'Throughout most of my life, I raised tobacco. (
  • Money from growing this deadly substance goes into the farmers' own pockets - not into campaign funds, as tobacco industry political contributions ostensibly do. (
  • Tenant farmers are at the bottom of the tobacco food chain. (
  • 5. Even in the old days and currently farmers really grow tobacco. (
  • The Pakistan Tobacco Board, a state-managed body that promotes tobacco cultivation and regulates prices in consultation with farmers and cigarette manufacturers, however gave an upbeat report about this year's crop. (
  • God Almighty was kind to the farmers in the badly hit Charsadda and Nowshera districts and rest of the tobacco-growing areas as they had already plucked the crop and were storing the flue-cured Virginia tobacco in their barns. (
  • To enable farmers to plan cultivation, the Pakistan Tobacco Board recently announced PKR104.30 (EUR 0.92) per kilogram as the minimum support price for the next year's crop. (
  • Abdul Akbar Khan, a senior member of the provincial assembly in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa belonging to the ruling Pakistan People's Party (PPP), alleged that the farmers were not taken into confidence while fixing the price at which the cigarette manufacturers would be purchasing tobacco from the growers. (
  • Representatives of tobacco farmers also complained about inadequate price protection and the government's failure to compensate them for flood damage caused to standing and stored crops. (
  • Poovayya said he would fight the government's argument "tooth and nail" and make a case that taking away the industry's right to trade would imperil millions of Indian farmers who depend on tobacco for their living. (
  • Tobacco, one of the most widely used addictive substances in the world[citation needed], is a plant native to the Americas and historically one of the half-dozen most important crops grown by American farmers. (
  • This article is part of the Tobacco portal on Sourcewatch funded from 2006 - 2009 by the American Legacy Foundation . (
  • Small tobacco product retailers and manufacturers, including vape shops, sometimes have fewer resources and face different challenges than larger businesses. (
  • With no ties to Big Tobacco, independent Kiwi vape entrepreneurs and retailers have come together not to stop restrictions, but to constructively advocate for the survival of something we passionately believe in. (
  • Warfare between tobacco growers and tobacco trusts brought on an era of barn burning and similar attempts to keep tobacco prices up. (
  • PAKISTAN'S tobacco industry and government officials are insisting that the floods this summer did not cause any real damage to the tobacco sector, but leaf growers continue to complain that they suffered losses and are still waiting to be compensated. (
  • The government fixes a minimum support price for tobacco annually to protect growers and the manufacturing industry. (
  • Ikramullah Khan, president of the Tobacco Growers Association, argued that the crop suffered more damage due to the floods than that estimated by the government, with standing water following the inundation causing more damage. (
  • She said an increase in illicit tobacco seizures could be put down to better policing, rather than a rise in attempts at smuggling. (
  • The tobacco industry attempts to stop effective policies by any means necessary. (
  • But he didn't say even one word about addiction to tobacco, one of the most addictive substances known. (
  • One could argue that even corruption has allowed the world's biggest corporations to use Ukraine's lawmakers to lobby for pro-tobacco and e-cigarette policies. (
  • As the global pandemic strains the world's inventory of medical supplies, the tobacco and vaping industries are taking advantage of a unique opportunity, offering freebie protective gear, doorstep deliveries and festive pandemic-themed discounts. (
  • She pointed out that recent international decisions expose the tobacco industry for what it really is - a harmful industry responsible for 7 million deaths worldwide every year. (
  • In 1991 alone, the industry spent $3.3 million (2.8 m Euros) on the program, according to company documents. (
  • Access final, draft, and revised guidance documents that reflect FDA's current thinking on tobacco-related issues, including "small entity guides" that focus on helping small businesses understand and comply with tobacco law. (
  • The University of California, San Francisco purchased, install and configure the computer systems and network equipment to develop and launch the digital Legacy Tobacco Documents Library. (
  • We review published evidence, internal-advertising-agency documents, and observational data about tobacco promotion, and discuss the use of targeted marketing strategies in the UK. (
  • To explore this relationship, we studied publicly-available tobacco industry documents found in the Legacy Tobacco Documents Library (LTDL), an electronic archive created by the University of California San Francisco that contains 70+ million pages of previously-secret, internal tobacco industry documents obtained in the discovery phases of the 46 state attorneys general lawsuits against the tobacco industry. (
  • Beyond providing access to influential government officials, tobacco industry documents reveal that a relationship with ALEC benefits the industry in many other ways. (
  • ALEC works to educate legislators about specific issues, but tobacco documents show ALEC offers legislators a sharply limited, and thus flawed view of the industry and its effects on the American populace. (
  • Through a partnership with the University of Dayton Law School and the National African American Tobacco Prevention Network (NAATPN), countless web-based tobacco industry documents are being purged to produce an online library of industry documents focused on African Americans. (
  • From our own use of the tobacco industry documents, we have found the messages within the documents to be insightful, alarming, and even empowering. (
  • The documents reveal industry-wide collusion on legal, political and socially important issues to the tobacco industry and clearly demonstrate that the industry is not disposed to act ethically or responsibly. (
  • The 2012 Surgeon General's Report documents the ineffectiveness of tobacco industry-sponsored youth prevention programs. (
  • Indeed, unpublished internal industry documents available to the public because of litigation, and published academic studies, indicate that they are ineffective or serve to promote smoking among youth. (
  • The researchers present three case studies based on examining approximately 2,000 formerly secret internal tobacco company documents as well as 3,885 EPA documents obtained under the Freedom of Information Act. (
  • Tobacco industry documents and interviews suggest that the center is far from being an 'independent, non-profit organization,' as it is described in one brochure. (
  • The UCSF Library was the first in the world to establish an online collection of tobacco industry documents, numbering now more than 40 million pages," said Karen Butter, University Librarian at UCSF. (
  • Reuters has pieced together a picture of the sweeping effort from internal public relations strategy documents as well as interviews with dozens of palm oil industry participants. (
  • Documents housed at the University of California, San Francisco, and analyzed in recent months by the Center for International Environmental Law (CIEL), a Washington, D.C.-based advocacy group, show that the oil and tobacco industries have been linked for decades. (
  • CIEL alerted ClimateWire to the existence of the tobacco documents and has been researching for years what the oil industry knew about climate change and what it did in response. (
  • The examination of the tobacco documents has been more recent for CIEL, which calls its project comparing the tobacco and oil industries "Smoke & Fumes. (
  • Tobacco Industry Strategies in Lebanon : an Analysis of Internal Tobacco Industry Documents. (
  • I thought you might be interested in this item at Title: Tobacco Industry Strategies in Lebanon : an Analysis of Internal Tobacco Industry Documents. (
  • Add tags for "Tobacco Industry Strategies in Lebanon : an Analysis of Internal Tobacco Industry Documents. (
  • Much of the playbook is known from industry documents made public by whistleblowers or as a result of the Tobacco Master Settlement Agreement. (
  • As part of its mission to protect children's rights, UNICEF should end all partnerships with the tobacco industry and its front groups. (
  • But the project clearly rattled other tobacco firms. (
  • While the bill would not protect the industry from future lawsuits, and it would require tobacco firms to deposit up to $8 billion limit on what firms could be forced to pay in any year. (
  • Again and again we found both the PR firms and the researchers worked first for oil, then for tobacco," he said. (
  • The global e-cigarette industry is expected to reach $53.4 billion by 2024, making it clear that it is here to stay despite early issues. (
  • The cigarette industry is not dying. (
  • The FDA proposed rule bans tobacco sponsorship of any athletic, musical, artistic or other social or cultural event. (
  • In addition to claiming that the ban would force consumers to defy the lockdown, and damage the state budget, Batsa, JTI, PMSA and The South Africa Tobacco Transformation Alliance (of which Batsa is a member), have argued that the ban will increase South Africa's illicit tobacco trade. (
  • The tobacco industry playbook, tobacco strategy or simply disinformation playbook describes a strategy devised by the tobacco industry in the 1950s to protect revenues in the face of mounting evidence of links between tobacco smoke and serious illnesses, primarily cancer. (
  • the WHO FCTC Secretariat's Tobacco Industry Monitoring Centres (Observatories), that constitute a global network focused on monitoring, identifying, documenting and preventing tobacco industry interference with implementation of the WHO FCTC, and specifically, on assisting Parties in their implementation of Article 5.3 of the Convention. (
  • Limiting this tobacco industry interference is possible. (
  • Resources to address industry interference are also frequently lacking. (
  • The tobacco and e-cigarette industries operate under strict regulatory guidelines. (
  • Compliance allows businesses to avoid regulatory actions such as warning letters, civil money penalties, and seizures and injunctions , and also protects Americans, especially youth, from tobacco-related disease and death. (
  • The industry declares itself "part of the solution", but its ineffective voluntary measures cloud the regulatory space, often preventing or delaying implementation of effective policies. (
  • Industry operations investigators are the backbone of the ATF regulatory mission. (
  • Conducting investigations and inspections designed to carry out the Federal government's regulatory responsibilities pertaining to the firearms and explosives industries. (
  • The goal of the conference is to advance the "work of the WHO FCTC, thereby strengthening the global battle against the devastating consequences of tobacco use," according to the website . (
  • Human rights organizations including Human Rights Watch have documented child labor in tobacco fields in Bangladesh, Kazakhstan, Indonesia, Brazil and most recently Zimbabwe. (
  • which grew out of the tobacco business established in North Carolina by the Duke family ( see James B. Duke) and which controlled the U.S. tobacco industry until it was broken up under antitrust laws in 1911. (
  • 2. One of the tobacco industries is still the largest in North Carolina and second largest in the USA. (
  • 3. North Carolina in the 1880's and the early 1900's has been one of the most dominant leaders in tobacco. (
  • 2: These are some pictures of tobacco in North Carolina. (
  • A.C Monk tobacco company- A company in North Carolina 3. (
  • Survey results indicate that 73 percent of Utahns feel that the government should regulate tobacco. (
  • Tobacco industry money does flow lavishly to politicians, directly to individual campaign funds, indirectly to party organizations and various kinds of political-action committees and issue-oriented financing. (
  • Only lobby organizations that have a financial interest in selling asbestos claim that asbestos can be safely used, just as the lobby organizations acting on behalf of the tobacco industry have denied the clear science on tobacco harm," she continued. (
  • While there has been a barrage of litigation against the industry in recent years, the tobacco lawyers are moving particularly aggressively. (
  • Tobacco industry-sponsored school-based tobacco prevention programs are ineffective and may promote tobacco use among youth. (
  • The tobacco industry appealed to Congress. (
  • But Gore's involvement as tobacco farmer has gone beyond taking campaign contributions from tobacco sources and working for tobacco interests in Congress and in state legislatures. (
  • Since today is World No-Tobacco Day, I urge Congress to embrace the FDA proposal, a comprehensive approach to reduce youth tobacco use and reject the tobacco industry's sham proposal. (
  • Tobacco industries formed the Tobacco Institute, a trade association that acted as a lobby for tobacco industries in Congress. (
  • Scientific evidence shows that tobacco company advertising and promotion influences young people to start using tobacco. (
  • The popular brand VUSE, is owned by R.J. Reynolds Vapor Company , a subsidiary of the tobacco giant Reynolds America. (
  • Lorillard paid $135 million for Blu, but when R.J. Reynolds bought that tobacco company in 2015, its e-cigarette brand was sold to Imperial Tobacco, a company in the United Kingdom. (
  • Inside the box were four thousand pages of internal memoranda and correspondence dating back to the nineteen-fifties from the files of Brown & Williamson, which was then the third-largest tobacco company in the United States. (
  • Every tobacco company in every market should publicly disclose what it knew about the addictiveness and harm caused by tobacco, when it obtained this information, and what it did about it. (
  • The company, which holds 40% of the Greek tobacco market, did not appear to publicize its donation and did not respond to an inquiry from The Times. (
  • Lorillard tobacco company- it is another company 4. (
  • This was clearly seen in Malaysia when the report was referred to by a criminologist and used as a launching pad for tobacco company activities to counter smuggling. (
  • At Phillip Morris' insistence, the company asked for and obtained residue limits of 15 ppm in tobacco when its own data supported a level of 10 ppm. (
  • As Joe Camel would be for tobacco, so the little Dutch Boy of the National Lead Company became an iconic marketing tool for Dutch Boy Lead Paint, priming Americans to invite a dangerous product into their children's playrooms, nurseries, and lives. (
  • Should we believe a study, paid for by tobacco company Philip Morris, which claims the GDP of Northern Ireland will reduce by 0.4 per cent to 0.7 per cent if our children are protected in this way? (
  • Combined with potential market indications in the delivery of non-steroidal anti-inflammatories (NSAIDs) and vitamins, markets valued at $5.4 billion and $68 billion respectively, Lexaria's lipid-delivery technology makes the company an intriguing option for investors with a finger on the pulse of the evolving tobacco industry. (
  • Tobacco Company Marketing to College Students Since the Multistate Settlement Agreement Was Signed. (
  • Both industries hired public relations company Hill & Knowlton Inc., an influential New York firm, for outreach as early as 1956. (
  • Tobacco company Philip Morris says the plain packaging in Australia hasn't stopped people smoking. (
  • China National Tobacco Co. has become the largest tobacco company in the world by volume. (
  • The strategy was initiated at a crisis meeting between US tobacco executives and John Hill, of public relations company Hill & Knowlton, at the New York Plaza Hotel, in 1953, following the Reader's Digest's precis of an article from the Christian Herald titled cancer by the carton, highlighting the emergent findings of epidemiologists including Richard Doll and Austin Bradford Hill. (