Reward: An object or a situation that can serve to reinforce a response, to satisfy a motive, or to afford pleasure.Noble Gases: Elements that constitute group 18 (formerly the zero group) of the periodic table. They are gases that generally do not react chemically.Krypton: A noble gas that is found in the atmosphere. It has the atomic symbol Kr, atomic number 36, atomic weight 83.80, and has been used in electric bulbs.Xenon: A noble gas with the atomic symbol Xe, atomic number 54, and atomic weight 131.30. It is found in the earth's atmosphere and has been used as an anesthetic.Periodicals as Topic: A publication issued at stated, more or less regular, intervals.Neon: Neon. A noble gas with the atomic symbol Ne, atomic number 10, and atomic weight 20.18. It is found in the earth's crust and atmosphere as an inert, odorless gas and is used in vacuum tubes and incandescent lamps.Argon: Argon. A noble gas with the atomic symbol Ar, atomic number 18, and atomic weight 39.948. It is used in fluorescent tubes and wherever an inert atmosphere is desired and nitrogen cannot be used.Helium: Helium. A noble gas with the atomic symbol He, atomic number 2, and atomic weight 4.003. It is a colorless, odorless, tasteless gas that is not combustible and does not support combustion. It was first detected in the sun and is now obtained from natural gas. Medically it is used as a diluent for other gases, being especially useful with oxygen in the treatment of certain cases of respiratory obstruction, and as a vehicle for general anesthetics. (Dorland, 27th ed)Library Collection Development: Development of a library collection, including the determination and coordination of selection policy, assessment of needs of users and potential users, collection use studies, collection evaluation, identification of collection needs, selection of materials, planning for resource sharing, collection maintenance and weeding, and budgeting.BooksDental Casting Investment: Material from which the casting mold is made in the fabrication of gold or cobalt-chromium castings. (Boucher's Clinical Dental Terminology, 4th ed, p168)Abstracting and Indexing as Topic: Activities performed to identify concepts and aspects of published information and research reports.Reference Books: Books designed by the arrangement and treatment of their subject matter to be consulted for definite terms of information rather than to be read consecutively. Reference books include DICTIONARIES; ENCYCLOPEDIAS; ATLASES; etc. (From the ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983)Gold Alloys: Alloys that contain a high percentage of gold. They are used in restorative or prosthetic dentistry.Book SelectionUnited States Health Resources and Services Administration: A component of the PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE that provides leadership related to the delivery of health services and the requirements for and distribution of health resources, including manpower training.Libraries, MedicalDifferential Thermal Analysis: Technique by which phase transitions of chemical reactions can be followed by observation of the heat absorbed or liberated.Libraries, Digital: Libraries in which a major proportion of the resources are available in machine-readable format, rather than on paper or MICROFORM.Xenon Isotopes: Stable xenon atoms that have the same atomic number as the element xenon, but differ in atomic weight. Xe-124, 126, 128-131, 134, and 136 are stable xenon isotopes.Calcium Sulfate: A calcium salt that is used for a variety of purposes including: building materials, as a desiccant, in dentistry as an impression material, cast, or die, and in medicine for immobilizing casts and as a tablet excipient. It exists in various forms and states of hydration. Plaster of Paris is a mixture of powdered and heat-treated gypsum.Bibliometrics: The use of statistical methods in the analysis of a body of literature to reveal the historical development of subject fields and patterns of authorship, publication, and use. Formerly called statistical bibliography. (from The ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983)Databases, Bibliographic: Extensive collections, reputedly complete, of references and citations to books, articles, publications, etc., generally on a single subject or specialized subject area. Databases can operate through automated files, libraries, or computer disks. The concept should be differentiated from DATABASES, FACTUAL which is used for collections of data and facts apart from bibliographic references to them.Library Surveys: Collection and analysis of data pertaining to operations of a particular library, library system, or group of independent libraries, with recommendations for improvement and/or ordered plans for further development.Social Security: Government sponsored social insurance programs.Bibliography as Topic: Discussion of lists of works, documents or other publications, usually with some relationship between them, e.g., by a given author, on a given subject, or published in a given place, and differing from a catalog in that its contents are restricted to holdings of a single collection, library, or group of libraries. (from The ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983)Meteoroids: Any solid objects moving in interplanetary space that are smaller than a planet or asteroid but larger than a molecule. Meteorites are any meteoroid that has fallen to a planetary surface. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)Osmium Compounds: Inorganic compounds that contain osmium as an integral part of the molecule.Government Publications as Topic: Discussion of documents issued by local, regional, or national governments or by their agencies or subdivisions.Editorial Policies: The guidelines and policy statements set forth by the editor(s) or editorial board of a publication.Choice Behavior: The act of making a selection among two or more alternatives, usually after a period of deliberation.Abbreviations as Topic: Shortened forms of written words or phrases used for brevity.Insurance, Disability: Insurance designed to compensate persons who lose wages because of illness or injury; insurance providing periodic payments that partially replace lost wages, salary, or other income when the insured is unable to work because of illness, injury, or disease. Individual and group disability insurance are two types of such coverage. (From Facts on File Dictionary of Health Care Management, 1988, p207)MEDLINE: The premier bibliographic database of the NATIONAL LIBRARY OF MEDICINE. MEDLINE® (MEDLARS Online) is the primary subset of PUBMED and can be searched on NLM's Web site in PubMed or the NLM Gateway. MEDLINE references are indexed with MEDICAL SUBJECT HEADINGS (MeSH).Motivation: Those factors which cause an organism to behave or act in either a goal-seeking or satisfying manner. They may be influenced by physiological drives or by external stimuli.Metal Ceramic Alloys: The fusion of ceramics (porcelain) to an alloy of two or more metals for use in restorative and prosthodontic dentistry. Examples of metal alloys employed include cobalt-chromium, gold-palladium, gold-platinum-palladium, and nickel-based alloys.Reducing Agents: Materials that add an electron to an element or compound, that is, decrease the positiveness of its valence. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 5th ed)Metal Nanoparticles: Nanoparticles produced from metals whose uses include biosensors, optics, and catalysts. In biomedical applications the particles frequently involve the noble metals, especially gold and silver.Conditioning, Operant: Learning situations in which the sequence responses of the subject are instrumental in producing reinforcement. When the correct response occurs, which involves the selection from among a repertoire of responses, the subject is immediately reinforced.Anticipation, Psychological: The ability to foresee what is likely to happen on the basis of past experience. It is largely a frontal lobe function.National Library of Medicine (U.S.): An agency of the NATIONAL INSTITUTES OF HEALTH concerned with overall planning, promoting, and administering programs pertaining to advancement of medical and related sciences. Major activities of this institute include the collection, dissemination, and exchange of information important to the progress of medicine and health, research in medical informatics and support for medical library development.Boron: A trace element with the atomic symbol B, atomic number 5, and atomic weight [10.806; 10.821]. Boron-10, an isotope of boron, is used as a neutron absorber in BORON NEUTRON CAPTURE THERAPY.Publications: Copies of a work or document distributed to the public by sale, rental, lease, or lending. (From ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983, p181)Allied Health Occupations: Occupations of medical personnel who are not physicians, and are qualified by special training and, frequently, by licensure to work in supporting roles in the health care field. These occupations include, but are not limited to, medical technology, physical therapy, physician assistant, etc.Nucleus Accumbens: Collection of pleomorphic cells in the caudal part of the anterior horn of the LATERAL VENTRICLE, in the region of the OLFACTORY TUBERCLE, lying between the head of the CAUDATE NUCLEUS and the ANTERIOR PERFORATED SUBSTANCE. It is part of the so-called VENTRAL STRIATUM, a composite structure considered part of the BASAL GANGLIA.Publishing: "The business or profession of the commercial production and issuance of literature" (Webster's 3d). It includes the publisher, publication processes, editing and editors. Production may be by conventional printing methods or by electronic publishing.Silver: Silver. An element with the atomic symbol Ag, atomic number 47, and atomic weight 107.87. It is a soft metal that is used medically in surgical instruments, dental prostheses, and alloys. Long-continued use of silver salts can lead to a form of poisoning known as ARGYRIA.Cues: Signals for an action; that specific portion of a perceptual field or pattern of stimuli to which a subject has learned to respond.United StatesDental Alloys: A mixture of metallic elements or compounds with other metallic or metalloid elements in varying proportions for use in restorative or prosthetic dentistry.Platinum: Platinum. A heavy, soft, whitish metal, resembling tin, atomic number 78, atomic weight 195.09, symbol Pt. (From Dorland, 28th ed) It is used in manufacturing equipment for laboratory and industrial use. It occurs as a black powder (platinum black) and as a spongy substance (spongy platinum) and may have been known in Pliny's time as "alutiae".Health Planning Councils: Organized groups serving in advisory capacities related to health planning activities.Gold: A yellow metallic element with the atomic symbol Au, atomic number 79, and atomic weight 197. It is used in jewelry, goldplating of other metals, as currency, and in dental restoration. Many of its clinical applications, such as ANTIRHEUMATIC AGENTS, are in the form of its salts.Eligibility Determination: Criteria to determine eligibility of patients for medical care programs and services.Behavior, Animal: The observable response an animal makes to any situation.Reinforcement (Psychology): The strengthening of a conditioned response.Medicine in Literature: Written or other literary works whose subject matter is medical or about the profession of medicine and related areas.Self Stimulation: Stimulation of the brain, which is self-administered. The stimulation may result in negative or positive reinforcement.Journalism, Medical: The collection, writing, and editing of current interest material on topics related to biomedicine for presentation through the mass media, including newspapers, magazines, radio, or television, usually for a public audience such as health care consumers.Occupations: Crafts, trades, professions, or other means of earning a living.Occupational Exposure: The exposure to potentially harmful chemical, physical, or biological agents that occurs as a result of one's occupation.United States Social Security Administration: An independent agency within the Executive Branch of the United States Government. It administers a national social insurance program whereby employees, employers, and the self-employed pay contributions into pooled trust funds. Part of the contributions go into a separate hospital insurance trust fund for workers at age 65 to provide help with medical expenses. Other programs include the supplemental social security income program for the aged, blind, and disabled and the Old Age Survivors and Disability Insurance Program. It became an independent agency March 31, 1995. It had previously been part of the Department of Health, Education, and Welfare, later the Department of Health and Human Services. (From United States Government Manual, 1994-95)Interlibrary LoansFinancing, Government: Federal, state, or local government organized methods of financial assistance.Reference Books, Medical: Books in the field of medicine intended primarily for consultation.History, 20th Century: Time period from 1901 through 2000 of the common era.Punishment: The application of an unpleasant stimulus or penalty for the purpose of eliminating or correcting undesirable behavior.Palladium: A chemical element having an atomic weight of 106.4, atomic number of 46, and the symbol Pd. It is a white, ductile metal resembling platinum, and following it in abundance and importance of applications. It is used in dentistry in the form of gold, silver, and copper alloys.Medical Subject Headings: Controlled vocabulary thesaurus produced by the NATIONAL LIBRARY OF MEDICINE. It consists of sets of terms naming descriptors in a hierarchical structure that permits searching at various levels of specificity.Catalogs, UnionDopamine: One of the catecholamine NEUROTRANSMITTERS in the brain. It is derived from TYROSINE and is the precursor to NOREPINEPHRINE and EPINEPHRINE. Dopamine is a major transmitter in the extrapyramidal system of the brain, and important in regulating movement. A family of receptors (RECEPTORS, DOPAMINE) mediate its action.Library Materials: Print and non-print materials collected, processed, and stored by libraries. They comprise books, periodicals, pamphlets, reports, microforms, maps, manuscripts, motion pictures, and all other forms of audiovisual records. (Harrod, The Librarians' Glossary, 4th ed, p497)Manuscripts as Topic: Compositions written by hand, as one written before the invention or adoption of printing. A manuscript may also refer to a handwritten copy of an ancient author. A manuscript may be handwritten or typewritten as distinguished from a printed copy, especially the copy of a writer's work from which printed copies are made. (Webster, 3d ed)Impulsive Behavior: An act performed without delay, reflection, voluntary direction or obvious control in response to a stimulus.Subject Headings: Terms or expressions which provide the major means of access by subject to the bibliographic unit.Malta: An independent state consisting of three islands in the Mediterranean Sea, south of Sicily. Its capital is Valetta. The major island is Malta, the two smaller islands are Comino and Gozo. It was a Phoenician and Carthaginian colony, captured by the Romans in 218 B.C. It was overrun by Saracens in 870, taken by the Normans in 1090, and subsequently held by the French and later the British who allotted them a dominion government in 1921. It became a crown colony in 1933, achieving independence in 1964. The name possibly comes from a pre-Indoeuropean root mel, high, referring to its rocks, but a more picturesque origin derives the name from the Greek melitta or melissa, honey, with reference to its early fame for its honey production. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p719 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p330)Color: The visually perceived property of objects created by absorption or reflection of specific wavelengths of light.Testosterone: A potent androgenic steroid and major product secreted by the LEYDIG CELLS of the TESTIS. Its production is stimulated by LUTEINIZING HORMONE from the PITUITARY GLAND. In turn, testosterone exerts feedback control of the pituitary LH and FSH secretion. Depending on the tissues, testosterone can be further converted to DIHYDROTESTOSTERONE or ESTRADIOL.Book PricesState Government: The level of governmental organization and function below that of the national or country-wide government.Insurance Benefits: Payments or services provided under stated circumstances under the terms of an insurance policy. In prepayment programs, benefits are the services the programs will provide at defined locations and to the extent needed.PubMed: A bibliographic database that includes MEDLINE as its primary subset. It is produced by the National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI), part of the NATIONAL LIBRARY OF MEDICINE. PubMed, which is searchable through NLM's Web site, also includes access to additional citations to selected life sciences journals not in MEDLINE, and links to other resources such as the full-text of articles at participating publishers' Web sites, NCBI's molecular biology databases, and PubMed Central.Reaction Time: The time from the onset of a stimulus until a response is observed.Learning: Relatively permanent change in behavior that is the result of past experience or practice. The concept includes the acquisition of knowledge.Journal Impact Factor: A quantitative measure of the frequency on average with which articles in a journal have been cited in a given period of time.Decision Making: The process of making a selective intellectual judgment when presented with several complex alternatives consisting of several variables, and usually defining a course of action or an idea.Probability Learning: Usually refers to the use of mathematical models in the prediction of learning to perform tasks based on the theory of probability applied to responses; it may also refer to the frequency of occurrence of the responses observed in the particular study.Information Storage and Retrieval: Organized activities related to the storage, location, search, and retrieval of information.Job Description: Statement of the position requirements, qualifications for the position, wage range, and any special conditions expected of the employee.Writing: The act or practice of literary composition, the occupation of writer, or producing or engaging in literary work as a profession.Brain Mapping: Imaging techniques used to colocalize sites of brain functions or physiological activity with brain structures.Bibliography of Medicine: A list of works, documents, and other publications on medical subjects and topics of interest to the field of medicine.Basal Ganglia: Large subcortical nuclear masses derived from the telencephalon and located in the basal regions of the cerebral hemispheres.Libraries: Collections of systematically acquired and organized information resources, and usually providing assistance to users. (ERIC Thesaurus, http://www.eric.ed.gov/ accessed 2/1/2008)Magnetic Resonance Imaging: Non-invasive method of demonstrating internal anatomy based on the principle that atomic nuclei in a strong magnetic field absorb pulses of radiofrequency energy and emit them as radiowaves which can be reconstructed into computerized images. The concept includes proton spin tomographic techniques.Prefrontal Cortex: The rostral part of the frontal lobe, bounded by the inferior precentral fissure in humans, which receives projection fibers from the MEDIODORSAL NUCLEUS OF THE THALAMUS. The prefrontal cortex receives afferent fibers from numerous structures of the DIENCEPHALON; MESENCEPHALON; and LIMBIC SYSTEM as well as cortical afferents of visual, auditory, and somatic origin.Rats, Long-Evans: An outbred strain of rats developed in 1915 by crossing several Wistar Institute white females with a wild gray male. Inbred strains have been derived from this original outbred strain, including Long-Evans cinnamon rats (RATS, INBRED LEC) and Otsuka-Long-Evans-Tokushima Fatty rats (RATS, INBRED OLETF), which are models for Wilson's disease and non-insulin dependent diabetes mellitus, respectively.Libraries, Hospital: Information centers primarily serving the needs of hospital medical staff and sometimes also providing patient education and other services.Book Classification: A general term covering bibliographical and bibliothecal classifications. It mostly refers to library CLASSIFICATION for arrangement of books and documents on the shelves. (Harrod's Librarians' Glossary, 7th ed, p85)Training Support: Financial support for training including both student stipends and loans and training grants to institutions.Conditioning (Psychology): A general term referring to the learning of some particular response.Serial Publications: Publications in any medium issued in successive parts bearing numerical or chronological designations and intended to be continued indefinitely. (ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983, p203)Ventral Tegmental Area: A region in the MESENCEPHALON which is dorsomedial to the SUBSTANTIA NIGRA and ventral to the RED NUCLEUS. The mesocortical and mesolimbic dopaminergic systems originate here, including an important projection to the NUCLEUS ACCUMBENS. Overactivity of the cells in this area has been suspected to contribute to the positive symptoms of SCHIZOPHRENIA.Family Planning Services: Health care programs or services designed to assist individuals in the planning of family size. Various methods of CONTRACEPTION can be used to control the number and timing of childbirths.Dietary Services: Services provided by dietitians or nutritionists to meet the nutritional needs of individuals, including consultation with other professional personnel.United States Public Health Service: A constituent organization of the DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES concerned with protecting and improving the health of the nation.Feedback, Psychological: A mechanism of information stimulus and response that may control subsequent behavior, cognition, perception, or performance. (From APA Thesaurus of Psychological Index Terms, 8th ed.)Metals: Electropositive chemical elements characterized by ductility, malleability, luster, and conductance of heat and electricity. They can replace the hydrogen of an acid and form bases with hydroxyl radicals. (Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)Prostate: A gland in males that surrounds the neck of the URINARY BLADDER and the URETHRA. It secretes a substance that liquefies coagulated semen. It is situated in the pelvic cavity behind the lower part of the PUBIC SYMPHYSIS, above the deep layer of the triangular ligament, and rests upon the RECTUM.Occupational Diseases: Diseases caused by factors involved in one's employment.Conditioning, Classical: Learning that takes place when a conditioned stimulus is paired with an unconditioned stimulus.Psychomotor Performance: The coordination of a sensory or ideational (cognitive) process and a motor activity.Cocaine: An alkaloid ester extracted from the leaves of plants including coca. It is a local anesthetic and vasoconstrictor and is clinically used for that purpose, particularly in the eye, ear, nose, and throat. It also has powerful central nervous system effects similar to the amphetamines and is a drug of abuse. Cocaine, like amphetamines, acts by multiple mechanisms on brain catecholaminergic neurons; the mechanism of its reinforcing effects is thought to involve inhibition of dopamine uptake.Reinforcement Schedule: A schedule prescribing when the subject is to be reinforced or rewarded in terms of temporal interval in psychological experiments. The schedule may be continuous or intermittent.Drive: A state of internal activity of an organism that is a necessary condition before a given stimulus will elicit a class of responses; e.g., a certain level of hunger (drive) must be present before food will elicit an eating response.HistoryAssociation Learning: The principle that items experienced together enter into a connection, so that one tends to reinstate the other.Gambling: An activity distinguished primarily by an element of risk in trying to obtain a desired goal, e.g., playing a game of chance for money.Brain: The part of CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM that is contained within the skull (CRANIUM). Arising from the NEURAL TUBE, the embryonic brain is comprised of three major parts including PROSENCEPHALON (the forebrain); MESENCEPHALON (the midbrain); and RHOMBENCEPHALON (the hindbrain). The developed brain consists of CEREBRUM; CEREBELLUM; and other structures in the BRAIN STEM.Manuscripts, MedicalTerminology as Topic: The terms, expressions, designations, or symbols used in a particular science, discipline, or specialized subject area.Algorithms: A procedure consisting of a sequence of algebraic formulas and/or logical steps to calculate or determine a given task.Behavior, Addictive: The observable, measurable, and often pathological activity of an organism that portrays its inability to overcome a habit resulting in an insatiable craving for a substance or for performing certain acts. The addictive behavior includes the emotional and physical overdependence on the object of habit in increasing amount or frequency.Food Preferences: The selection of one food over another.Corpus Striatum: Striped GRAY MATTER and WHITE MATTER consisting of the NEOSTRIATUM and paleostriatum (GLOBUS PALLIDUS). It is located in front of and lateral to the THALAMUS in each cerebral hemisphere. The gray substance is made up of the CAUDATE NUCLEUS and the lentiform nucleus (the latter consisting of the GLOBUS PALLIDUS and PUTAMEN). The WHITE MATTER is the INTERNAL CAPSULE.Nanotechnology: The development and use of techniques to study physical phenomena and construct structures in the nanoscale size range or smaller.Libraries, DentalGames, Experimental: Games designed to provide information on hypotheses, policies, procedures, or strategies.Analysis of Variance: A statistical technique that isolates and assesses the contributions of categorical independent variables to variation in the mean of a continuous dependent variable.Time Factors: Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.Fraud: Exploitation through misrepresentation of the facts or concealment of the purposes of the exploiter.Library Administration: Planning, organizing, staffing, direction, and control of libraries.Materials Testing: The testing of materials and devices, especially those used for PROSTHESES AND IMPLANTS; SUTURES; TISSUE ADHESIVES; etc., for hardness, strength, durability, safety, efficacy, and biocompatibility.MEDLARS: A computerized biomedical bibliographic storage and retrieval system operated by the NATIONAL LIBRARY OF MEDICINE. MEDLARS stands for Medical Literature Analysis and Retrieval System, which was first introduced in 1964 and evolved into an online system in 1971 called MEDLINE (MEDLARS Online). As other online databases were developed, MEDLARS became the name of the entire NLM information system while MEDLINE became the name of the premier database. MEDLARS was used to produce the former printed Cumulated Index Medicus, and the printed monthly Index Medicus, until that publication ceased in December 2004.Neurons: The basic cellular units of nervous tissue. Each neuron consists of a body, an axon, and dendrites. Their purpose is to receive, conduct, and transmit impulses in the NERVOUS SYSTEM.Surface Plasmon Resonance: A biosensing technique in which biomolecules capable of binding to specific analytes or ligands are first immobilized on one side of a metallic film. Light is then focused on the opposite side of the film to excite the surface plasmons, that is, the oscillations of free electrons propagating along the film's surface. The refractive index of light reflecting off this surface is measured. When the immobilized biomolecules are bound by their ligands, an alteration in surface plasmons on the opposite side of the film is created which is directly proportional to the change in bound, or adsorbed, mass. Binding is measured by changes in the refractive index. The technique is used to study biomolecular interactions, such as antigen-antibody binding.Anhedonia: Inability to experience pleasure due to impairment or dysfunction of normal psychological and neurobiological mechanisms. It is a symptom of many PSYCHOTIC DISORDERS (e.g., DEPRESSIVE DISORDER, MAJOR; and SCHIZOPHRENIA).Appetitive Behavior: Animal searching behavior. The variable introductory phase of an instinctive behavior pattern or sequence, e.g., looking for food, or sequential courtship patterns prior to mating.CD-ROM: An optical disk storage system for computers on which data can be read or from which data can be retrieved but not entered or modified. A CD-ROM unit is almost identical to the compact disk playback device for home use.Information Systems: Integrated set of files, procedures, and equipment for the storage, manipulation, and retrieval of information.Limbic System: A set of forebrain structures common to all mammals that is defined functionally and anatomically. It is implicated in the higher integration of visceral, olfactory, and somatic information as well as homeostatic responses including fundamental survival behaviors (feeding, mating, emotion). For most authors, it includes the AMYGDALA; EPITHALAMUS; GYRUS CINGULI; hippocampal formation (see HIPPOCAMPUS); HYPOTHALAMUS; PARAHIPPOCAMPAL GYRUS; SEPTAL NUCLEI; anterior nuclear group of thalamus, and portions of the basal ganglia. (Parent, Carpenter's Human Neuroanatomy, 9th ed, p744; NeuroNames, http://rprcsgi.rprc.washington.edu/neuronames/index.html (September 2, 1998)).Civil Rights: Legal guarantee protecting the individual from attack on personal liberties, right to fair trial, right to vote, and freedom from discrimination on the basis of race, color, religion, sex, age, disability, or national origin. (from http://www.usccr.gov/ accessed 1/31/2003)Economics, Behavioral: The combined discipline of psychology and economics that investigates what happens in markets in which some of the agents display human limitations and complications.Photic Stimulation: Investigative technique commonly used during ELECTROENCEPHALOGRAPHY in which a series of bright light flashes or visual patterns are used to elicit brain activity.Review Literature as Topic: Published materials which provide an examination of recent or current literature. Review articles can cover a wide range of subject matter at various levels of completeness and comprehensiveness based on analyses of literature that may include research findings. The review may reflect the state of the art. It also includes reviews as a literary form.Dopamine Uptake Inhibitors: Drugs that block the transport of DOPAMINE into axon terminals or into storage vesicles within terminals. Most of the ADRENERGIC UPTAKE INHIBITORS also inhibit dopamine uptake.Grateful Med: A microcomputer-based software package providing a user-friendly interface to the MEDLARS system of the National Library of Medicine.Book Reviews as Topic: Critical analyses of books or other monographic works.Feeding Behavior: Behavioral responses or sequences associated with eating including modes of feeding, rhythmic patterns of eating, and time intervals.Self Administration: Administration of a drug or chemical by the individual under the direction of a physician. It includes administration clinically or experimentally, by human or animal.Cataloging: Activities performed in the preparation of bibliographic records for CATALOGS. It is carried out according to a set of rules and contains information enabling the user to know what is available and where items can be found.Forms and Records Control: A management function in which standards and guidelines are developed for the development, maintenance, and handling of forms and records.Social Sciences: Disciplines concerned with the interrelationships of individuals in a social environment including social organizations and institutions. Includes Sociology and Anthropology.Anesthetics, Inhalation: Gases or volatile liquids that vary in the rate at which they induce anesthesia; potency; the degree of circulation, respiratory, or neuromuscular depression they produce; and analgesic effects. Inhalation anesthetics have advantages over intravenous agents in that the depth of anesthesia can be changed rapidly by altering the inhaled concentration. Because of their rapid elimination, any postoperative respiratory depression is of relatively short duration. (From AMA Drug Evaluations Annual, 1994, p173)Nursing: The field of nursing care concerned with the promotion, maintenance, and restoration of health.Surface Properties: Characteristics or attributes of the outer boundaries of objects, including molecules.Neural Pathways: Neural tracts connecting one part of the nervous system with another.Gyrus Cinguli: One of the convolutions on the medial surface of the CEREBRAL HEMISPHERES. It surrounds the rostral part of the brain and CORPUS CALLOSUM and forms part of the LIMBIC SYSTEM.Macaca mulatta: A species of the genus MACACA inhabiting India, China, and other parts of Asia. The species is used extensively in biomedical research and adapts very well to living with humans.Pleasure: Sensation of enjoyment or gratification.Molecular Structure: The location of the atoms, groups or ions relative to one another in a molecule, as well as the number, type and location of covalent bonds.Sucrose: A nonreducing disaccharide composed of GLUCOSE and FRUCTOSE linked via their anomeric carbons. It is obtained commercially from SUGARCANE, sugar beet (BETA VULGARIS), and other plants and used extensively as a food and a sweetener.Caudate Nucleus: Elongated gray mass of the neostriatum located adjacent to the lateral ventricle of the brain.Substance Withdrawal Syndrome: Physiological and psychological symptoms associated with withdrawal from the use of a drug after prolonged administration or habituation. The concept includes withdrawal from smoking or drinking, as well as withdrawal from an administered drug.Amygdala: Almond-shaped group of basal nuclei anterior to the INFERIOR HORN OF THE LATERAL VENTRICLE of the TEMPORAL LOBE. The amygdala is part of the limbic system.Online Systems: Systems where the input data enter the computer directly from the point of origin (usually a terminal or workstation) and/or in which output data are transmitted directly to that terminal point of origin. (Sippl, Computer Dictionary, 4th ed)Estradiol: The 17-beta-isomer of estradiol, an aromatized C18 steroid with hydroxyl group at 3-beta- and 17-beta-position. Estradiol-17-beta is the most potent form of mammalian estrogenic steroids.Discrimination Learning: Learning that is manifested in the ability to respond differentially to various stimuli.Mesencephalon: The middle of the three primitive cerebral vesicles of the embryonic brain. Without further subdivision, midbrain develops into a short, constricted portion connecting the PONS and the DIENCEPHALON. Midbrain contains two major parts, the dorsal TECTUM MESENCEPHALI and the ventral TEGMENTUM MESENCEPHALI, housing components of auditory, visual, and other sensorimoter systems.Peer Review, Research: The evaluation by experts of the quality and pertinence of research or research proposals of other experts in the same field. Peer review is used by editors in deciding which submissions warrant publication, by granting agencies to determine which proposals should be funded, and by academic institutions in tenure decisions.Textbooks as Topic: Books used in the study of a subject that contain a systematic presentation of the principles and vocabulary of a subject.Frontal Lobe: The part of the cerebral hemisphere anterior to the central sulcus, and anterior and superior to the lateral sulcus.Societies: Organizations composed of members with common interests and whose professions may be similar.Goals: The end-result or objective, which may be specified or required in advance.Authorship: The profession of writing. Also the identity of the writer as the creator of a literary production.Flupenthixol: A thioxanthene neuroleptic that, unlike CHLORPROMAZINE, is claimed to have CNS-activating properties. It is used in the treatment of psychoses although not in excited or manic patients. (From Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 30th ed, p595)Employee Retirement Income Security Act: A 1974 Federal act which preempts states' rights with regard to workers' pension benefits and employee benefits. It does not affect the benefits and rights of employees whose employer is self-insured. (From Slee & Slee, Health Care Reform Terms, 1993)Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic: Works about clinical trials that involve at least one test treatment and one control treatment, concurrent enrollment and follow-up of the test- and control-treated groups, and in which the treatments to be administered are selected by a random process, such as the use of a random-numbers table.Plant Nectar: Sugar-rich liquid produced in plant glands called nectaries. It is either produced in flowers or other plant structures, providing a source of attraction for pollinating insects and animals, as well as being a nutrient source to animal mutualists which provide protection of plants against herbivores.Reproductive Health: The physical condition of human reproductive systems.Biomedical Research: Research that involves the application of the natural sciences, especially biology and physiology, to medicine.Food: Any substances taken in by the body that provide nourishment.Models, Psychological: Theoretical representations that simulate psychological processes and/or social processes. These include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.Nursing Research: Research carried out by nurses, generally in clinical settings, in the areas of clinical practice, evaluation, nursing education, nursing administration, and methodology.Professional Practice Location: Geographic area in which a professional person practices; includes primarily physicians and dentists.Image Processing, Computer-Assisted: A technique of inputting two-dimensional images into a computer and then enhancing or analyzing the imagery into a form that is more useful to the human observer.Costs and Cost Analysis: Absolute, comparative, or differential costs pertaining to services, institutions, resources, etc., or the analysis and study of these costs.Air Pollutants, Occupational: Air pollutants found in the work area. They are usually produced by the specific nature of the occupation.Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act: An Act prohibiting a health plan from establishing lifetime limits or annual limits on the dollar value of benefits for any participant or beneficiary after January 1, 2014. It permits a restricted annual limit for plan years beginning prior to January 1, 2014. It provides that a health plan shall not be prevented from placing annual or lifetime per-beneficiary limits on covered benefits. The Act sets up a competitive health insurance market.Task Performance and Analysis: The detailed examination of observable activity or behavior associated with the execution or completion of a required function or unit of work.Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act: Public Law 104-91 enacted in 1996, was designed to improve the efficiency and effectiveness of the healthcare system, protect health insurance coverage for workers and their families, and to protect individual personal health information.Functional Neuroimaging: Methods for visualizing REGIONAL BLOOD FLOW, metabolic, electrical, or other physiological activities in the CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM using various imaging modalities.Quinazolinones: Chemicals with two conjoined aromatic rings incorporating two nitrogen atoms and one of the carbons oxidized with a keto oxygen.Students, Nursing: Individuals enrolled in a school of nursing or a formal educational program leading to a degree in nursing.Library Services: Services offered to the library user. They include reference and circulation.Stereoisomerism: The phenomenon whereby compounds whose molecules have the same number and kind of atoms and the same atomic arrangement, but differ in their spatial relationships. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 5th ed)Dopamine Antagonists: Drugs that bind to but do not activate DOPAMINE RECEPTORS, thereby blocking the actions of dopamine or exogenous agonists. Many drugs used in the treatment of psychotic disorders (ANTIPSYCHOTIC AGENTS) are dopamine antagonists, although their therapeutic effects may be due to long-term adjustments of the brain rather than to the acute effects of blocking dopamine receptors. Dopamine antagonists have been used for several other clinical purposes including as ANTIEMETICS, in the treatment of Tourette syndrome, and for hiccup. Dopamine receptor blockade is associated with NEUROLEPTIC MALIGNANT SYNDROME.Guidelines as Topic: A systematic statement of policy rules or principles. Guidelines may be developed by government agencies at any level, institutions, professional societies, governing boards, or by convening expert panels. The text may be cursive or in outline form but is generally a comprehensive guide to problems and approaches in any field of activity. For guidelines in the field of health care and clinical medicine, PRACTICE GUIDELINES AS TOPIC is available.Discrimination (Psychology): Differential response to different stimuli.Cocaine-Related Disorders: Disorders related or resulting from use of cocaine.Congresses as Topic: Conferences, conventions or formal meetings usually attended by delegates representing a special field of interest.
It is said that this young man gained noble title and the hand of the daughter as a reward. The state of Puebla is located on ... Best known titles include "Porque me has besado tu," "La mañana está de fiesta" and "Alma herida." Vicente T. Mendoza (1894- ... Pedro offered a large reward for the capture of the beast. One young man, who wanted the hand of Pedro's daughter, appeared at ... His works mostly reflect on everyday urban life with book titles such as Estudios para un cuerpo, Los lobos viven del viento ...
Primarily successful military commanders received noble titles and thousands of common soldiers were rewarded with nobility. ... started to reward noblemen with the title of baron in the first decades of the 16th century. Differences of the noble families ... List of titled noble families in the Kingdom of Hungary They refer to the Hont-Pázmány, Miskolc and Bogát-Radvány clans. The ... Noble titles were abolished only in 1947, months after Hungary was proclaimed a republic. The Magyars (or Hungarians) dwelled ...
Noble titles in Chu were bestowed primarily as reward for military and civil service, and were not heritable in principle. ... The title Gong also reverted purely to a peerage title, ranking below Wang. Those who bore such titles were entirely under the ... he adopted the new title of Huangdi (emperor). Qin Shi Huang eliminated noble titles, as he sponsored legalism which believed ... Not all titles of peerage are hereditary, and the right to continue the heredity passage of a very high title was seen as a ...
Cortés was rewarded in 1529 by being accorded the noble title of don but more importantly named the "Marqués del Valle de ... Cortés returned to Mexico in 1530 with new titles and honors, but with diminished power. Although Cortés still retained ... In 1529 he had been accorded the noble designation of don, but more importantly was given the noble title of Marquess of the ... Catalina lacked the noble title of doña, so at this point his marriage with her no longer raised his status. Their marriage had ...
None of the dedicatees to his early works, including the eight titled nobles addressed in his 1627 translation of Lucan, can be ... Until 1630 May seems to have lacked much reward or recognition for his literary efforts. ... the first was probably never staged but the second claims a 1628 performance on its title page. May's tragedies are modelled on ...
A title to bestow on an untitled noble, such as Earl of Essex or Duke of Exeter. Many titles provide troops or town ... Loyalty might change as the wind blows and a ruthless climb to power was often rewarded by betrayal and a cataclysmic downfall ... In Kingmaker, each noble has a limited combat strength which is augmented by titles, offices, mercenaries, and certain other ... A majority vote is required in both Houses to assign any title or office. Nobles who are weak in combat strength can still be ...
... who did not hold any high offices but used noble titles. From 1526, the Habsburg kings rewarded their partisans with hereditary ... the emperor rewarded the brothers Sigismund and John of Szentgyörgy and Bazin with the hereditary noble title "count of the ... public law did not distinguish them from other nobles. King Matthias I also rewarded his partisans with hereditary titles and ... Other magnates clearly referred to their descent from former "barons of the realm" in their deeds or used noble titles (such as ...
Kamisese and was rewarded with the noble title of ʻUlukālala when Tāufaʻāhau, by then known as king Siaosi I, proclaimed the ... and so ended up with 3 noble titles). After the death of king Tāufaʻāhau Tupou IV and the accession of Siaosi Tupou V, ... with the noble title of Ata, from Kolovai. Around 1930 he was interested in marrying Fusipala, the half sister of queen Sālote ... From that time on the proper way to refer to these nobles is by their title only with, if needed, an identifying name between ...
Subsequent creations extended the number of noble titles. Titles issued by king Henry Christophe were sometimes reissued by ... As an example the title of Comte du Terrier-Rouge was issued to Charles Pierre under Christophe (The Armorial of Haiti, College ... In order that he might reward loyalty to his regime as well as add to the prestige of the Haitian Monarchy, he established the ... She was granted the title of Princess with the style Her Serene Highness. Célita married Jean Philippe Lubin, Count of Pétion- ...
Wives of princes have titles, depending on the titles on both sides.[citation needed] Phra Vorachaya (พระวรชายา) is a title of ... The nobility is part of the Thai honour system for rewarding bravery, achievement, or service to the monarch. The sovereign ... Thai royal and noble titles are the royal and noble styles indicating relationship to the king which were introduced by King ... The courtesy title is used for children born to a noble mother who gave up her title to marry a man of lesser rank; a notable ...
Thus, most persons who are legally noble, hold no noble title. Hereditary titles formerly descended by male-preference ... During the Middle Ages hidalgo became a title granted by the kings of Castile as a reward for service done to the crown (or, as ... Spanish nobles are classified as either grandees, as titled nobles, or as untitled nobles. In the past, grandees were divided ... Succession to Spanish noble titles is hereditary, but not automatic. The original letters patent which created the title ...
After Georgia was annexed by the Russian Empire, the Gurgenidze were confirmed in their princely title of knyaz in 1850. ... titles and estates of the extinct house of Gurgenidze. This Solomon had accompanied the then-crown prince Erekle in an Indian ... which had become extinct by 1744 when the king Erekle II rewarded the loyal service of the certain Solomon Mordlisdze by him ... The Gurgenidze (Georgian: გურგენიძე) was a Georgian noble family from the eastern province of Kakheti. According to Prince ...
Hillel the Elder has no title before his name: his name is in itself a title. Similarly, Moses and Abraham have no titles ... the title of nasi was conferred upon a man belonging to the community's most noble and richest family. There was no direct ... Pepin rewarded the Jews with land and privileges such as the right to judicial and religious autonomy under rule of their own ... The title rabban was restricted in usage to the descendants of Hillel the Elder, the sole exception being Rabban Yochanan ben ...
... titles and other benefits, and these land owners later became medieval nobles. Many barbarians had served in the Roman army and ... first1= missing ,last1= in Authors list (help); Missing or empty ,title= (help) McEwen E, Bergman R, Miller C. Early bow design ... A warrior was highly respected according to the barbarian tradition, a brave warrior was often rewarded by allotting land, ...
As a rule, the positions did not of themselves give the holder a title of nobility, such as baron, count, or duke (but the ... Originally given out as rewards for services to the king, the offices became venal, a commodity to be bought and sold (under ... Nobility and Titles in France by F. Velde Some random thoughts about the French nobility by Dr. Pangloss *Link no longer works* ... Nobles of the Robe were often considered by Nobles of the Sword to be of inferior rank because their status was not derived ...
Ridder, Dutch for "knight", is a hereditary noble title in the Netherlands. It is the lowest title within the nobility system ... These were given to the captains directly by the Emperor to reward their efforts in the conquests, and they in turn were to ... In the late medieval period, new methods of warfare began to render classical knights in armour obsolete, but the titles ... or the equivalent French Chevalier is a hereditary noble title in Belgium. It is the second lowest title within the nobility ...
... rewarded with land, wealth, and title for loyalty and bravery, by the sixteenth century nobility was no longer exclusive to the ... By the mid-fourteenth century, the titles of baron and count were common, whereas formerly the vassals were either signori ( ... Over the centuries, established noble families were advanced through the aristocratic ranks. By the eighteenth century, the ... Title, like most valuables, became a purchasable commodity. Infante Carlos, Duke of Calabria and his second cousin, Prince ...
... is a noble title that was created separately in the peerages of Spain, Portugal and France. The Spanish title ... Afonso of Lancaster was the second son of Álvaro, 3rd Duke of Aveiro, and he received this ducal title as a reward for ... unrelated to the Spanish and French titles, is the only one that was officially recognised by the Kingdom of Portugal. It was ... The title of Duke of Abrantes (Spanish: Duque de Abrantes) is a Spanish title that was created by King Philip IV of Spain on 23 ...
May held a variety of titles. He held the title of rpat (prince), and he was a royal chancellor, a sole companion, scribe of ... It was started in ink and not finished, but appears to show the reward of May at the balcony of the palace. The scene includes ... This title also appears on ostrich found in Amarna and may refer to a royal person or a temple. May was also the Overseer of ... His military titles include Overseer of the soldiery of the Lord of the Two lands and scribe of recruits. He was also the ...
External link in ,title= (help) "Image: 921164368.jpg, (1000 × 659 px)". refdag.nl. Retrieved 2015-09-06. H.H Sheikh Khalifa ... The Order, consisting of the King and twenty-five knights, was intended by Edward III to be reserved as the highest reward for ... Members of European Royalty taking part in the Most Noble Order of the Garter ceremony at Windsor Castle, 17 June 2002,(L-R) ... External link in ,title= (help) "Image: ANP-Koningin Beatrix keizer Akihito Amsterdam 2000_0.jpg, (592 × 328 px)". rtlnieuws.nl ...
He abolished three levels of noble titles-the counts, the viscounts, and the barons-keeping only the princes, the dukes, and ... Emperor Yang ordered Gao Yuan to come visit him, offering to reward him if he did so and to punish him if he did not do so. Gao ... A stone epitaph found in the western tomb was inscribed with the title "Tomb epitaph of the late Emperor Yang of Sui" (隨故煬帝墓誌 ... Li Mi took the title of Duke of Wei, while creating Zhai the Duke of Dong Commandery (although Li soon, fearful of Zhai, killed ...
... abandoned their former feudal titles for the title of 王, or King, claiming equality with the rulers of the Zhou. ... Nobles, bureaucrats and reformers[edit]. The phenomenon of intensive warfare, based on mass formations of infantry rather than ... Shang introduced land reforms, privatized land, rewarded farmers who exceeded harvest quotas, enslaved farmers who failed to ... The title of "king" (wang, 王) was held by figurehead rulers of the Zhou dynasty, while the rulers of most states held the title ...
... who hastened to assume the ducal title and received the ducal crown from the Milanese nobles on 22 October. But by then, his ... Galeazzo Maria ruled until his assassination in 1476, leaving his titles to his seven-year-old son, Gian Galeazzo Sforza, ... he could manipulate the two and reap the rewards himself, and was thus responsible for starting the Italian Wars. At first, ... When their father Francesco died in 1466, the family titles devolved upon the dissolute Galeazzo Maria, the elder brother, ...
Khayishan Külüg Khan freely gave away noble and official titles and filled the government with supernumeraries. Having little ... In recognition of the great success, Külüg Khan was given the title of Prince Huaining (懷寧王) in 1304. When Chapar attacked Duwa ... In contrast, he did not reward abundantly the Khunggirad faction who had carried out a coup against Bulughan. Because Tula said ... Fresh honors were decreed to the memory of the old sage, and the characters Ta ching were added to his titles. His ...
Inspire of this, to subdue the influence of these nobles, Marthanda Varma was to invent more new titles. Besides these ... also awarded the forfeited estates to new owners like in the case of Kilimanoor and also went on to create new titles to reward ... A person thus bestowed with this title now secured the honorific title of Pillai suffixed and the distinctive title of Kanakku ... A Pillai (plural Pillamar) has the title Pillai of [X] when the title originates from a placename and Pillai is added as a ...
Ohio State has over 475,000 living alumni around the world.[96] Ohio State alumni include Nobel Prize recipients, Pulitzer ... "Equestrian team looks to take ninth national title - Sports". Media.www.thelantern.com. Archived from the original on December ... Additionally, the libraries regularly receive about 35,000 serial titles. Its recent acquisitions were 16th among university ... The Morrill Scholarship Program (MSP) is Ohio State's premier diversity/merit scholarship program, rewarding academically ...
It is said that this young man gained noble title and the hand of the daughter as a reward. The state of Puebla is located on ... Best known titles include "Porque me has besado tu," "La mañana está de fiesta" and "Alma herida." Vicente T. Mendoza (1894- ... Pedro offered a large reward for the capture of the beast. One young man, who wanted the hand of Pedros daughter, appeared at ... His works mostly reflect on everyday urban life with book titles such as Estudios para un cuerpo, Los lobos viven del viento ...
Noble titles in Chu were bestowed primarily as reward for military and civil service, and were not heritable in principle. ... The title Gong also reverted purely to a peerage title, ranking below Wang. Those who bore such titles were entirely under the ... he adopted the new title of Huangdi (emperor). Qin Shi Huang eliminated noble titles, as he sponsored legalism which believed ... Not all titles of peerage are hereditary, and the right to continue the heredity passage of a very high title was seen as a ...
Cortés was rewarded in 1529 by being accorded the noble title of don but more importantly named the "Marqués del Valle de ... Cortés returned to Mexico in 1530 with new titles and honors, but with diminished power. Although Cortés still retained ... In 1529 he had been accorded the noble designation of don, but more importantly was given the noble title of Marquess of the ... Catalina lacked the noble title of doña, so at this point his marriage with her no longer raised his status. Their marriage had ...
QUEEN KATHARINE My lord, I dare not make myself so guilty, To give up willingly that noble title Your master wed me to: nothing ... KATHARINE O, my lord, The times and titles now are alterd strangely With me since first you knew me. But, I pray you, What is ... And am I thus rewarded? tis not well, lords. Bring me a constant woman to her husband, One that neer dreamd a joy beyond his ... take good heed You charge not in your spleen a noble person And spoil your nobler soul: I say, take heed; Yes, heartily beseech ...
Some noble houses are excluded from this rule, mainly those who received their titles as a reward for services to the crown. ... The noble families are second only to the king - backed up with vast wealth and a hereditary title, they are the traditional ... While it is impossible to buy status, one can be given a title by his superior as a reward for great deeds, but ultimately the ... Mages are held in high regard, and any official graduate of any of the Lyran academies can gain a noble title simply by asking ...
30 years after the nobel: James Buchanans political philosophy  Munger, Michael (The Review of Austrian Economics, 2018-06) ... 3Rs for innovating novel antibiotics: sharing resources, risks, and rewards.  Cars, O; Gupta, Neha; Ruiz-Esparza, Q; So, ... All of DukeSpaceCommunities & CollectionsAuthorsTitlesTypesBy Issue DateDepartmentsAffiliations of Duke Author(s)SubjectsBy ... Submit DateThis CollectionAuthorsTitlesTypesBy Issue DateDepartmentsAffiliations of Duke Author(s)SubjectsBy Submit Date ...
Titles of nobility. The class of nobles (Kwasoku) comprises the ancient nobles of the court (Kuge), the ancient lords of the ... The others have the title O (princes). The first, when they are of age, have by right a seat in the house of Peers. The others ... The number of Japanese thus decorated or rewarded reaches into the millions. On 31 March, 1908, the number of persons decorated ... These titles or dignities (I-Kai or Kurai) are awarded to nobles, to functionaries of high rank, or to citizens who, while not ...
2) Go buy titles up to level 10 at leader of your choice. Noble Titles; Nationality; Amity; Empires; City Leaders for titles. ... Reward (chat): 70,000,000 Profession Exp. (Click through Wang Erge screens again and you can get some more rep and a title ... Reward (Voyage Log): Prof Exp 45,000. Reward (chat, Actual reward): Prof Exp 300,000. 15. Forerunner. Go to Thasos Island and ... Reward (Voyage Log): Prof Exp 47,000. Reward (chat, Actual reward): Prof Exp 500,000. 17.Retraining. Go to Skill Tutor and ...
... and the nobles that the kings "entitled" by giving them titles. ... The title of my demo was Sewing Partners Together: Techniques ... is an expression of reward and punishment, established by someones judgment of what ought to be. ... The titles puzzling message may have implied something profoundly in-depth such as working through trauma, facilitating grief ... This focus was consistent with the title of the session, "Sewing Partners Together: Techniques for Moving Couples Toward Secure ...
... abandoned their former feudal titles for the title of 王, or King, claiming equality with the rulers of the Zhou. ... Nobles, bureaucrats and reformers[edit]. The phenomenon of intensive warfare, based on mass formations of infantry rather than ... Shang introduced land reforms, privatized land, rewarded farmers who exceeded harvest quotas, enslaved farmers who failed to ... The title of "king" (wang, 王) was held by figurehead rulers of the Zhou dynasty, while the rulers of most states held the title ...
Barnes & Noble Titles & release dates of next 3 books:. *Totally Yours - July, 2014 ... Celebrating the re-release of Loves Own Reward - the first of 4 books written by Dana Ransom (aka Nancy Gideon) for the Lucky ... Title: Riven Author: Roan Parrish Publisher: Random House LLC - Loveswept Release Date: May 29, 2018 Purchase Link: Amazon ... ... Loves Own Reward is a timeless contemporary romance - a reminder of the possibilities if you dare to dream & hope, love & ...
... and creative society a rich and mutually rewarding experience. ... Narrator(s): Peter Noble Series: Genre: Travel, Social Science ...
His Imperial Majesty King Roman invites you to buy Real Royal and Noble Titles as a Legacy/ become Imperial Ambassadors and ... 2. If you would like to broker real royal and noble titles for King Roman and receive a brokerage fee plus other rewards, ... On the next page You can buy a genuine Royal and/ or Noble Title from His Imperial Majesty King Roman ... royal titles sale, real european titles, noble titles sale, titles nobility sale, titles royalty sale, real titles real king ...
Canst thou believe that Paulus, that Fabius, that the Cossii and the Servilii, and so many noble Romans, not only so in title, ... Senseless people! He would rather have performed a noble, just, and generous action, and to have had ignominy for his reward, ... When I call him calf and coxcomb, I do not pretend to entail those titles upon him for ever; neither do I think I give myself ... the nobles about him attributed this unexpected facility of conquest to this, that the princes and nobles of Italy, more ...
CHAPTER XLIV.: OF REWARDS.. Yet another method of preventing crimes is, to reward virtue. Upon this subject the laws of all ... CHAPTER XXI.: OF THE PUNISHMENT OF THE NOBLES.. What punishments shall be ordained for the nobles, whose privileges make so ... Title Page. Original Table of Contents or First Page. Edition used:. Cesare Bonesana di Beccaria, An Essay on Crimes and ... A New Edition Corrected. (Albany: W.C. Little & Co., 1872). https://oll.libertyfund.org/titles/2193 ...
For amusing perspective, notice the Nobel peace award. Therein the flaw of an individual offering such a reward through an ... lest the flaw of titles and credentials is exposed. Institutions cannot exist without titles and credentials, for lack of ... The military title of commander-in-chief effected the military functioning of an already power-damaged mind unable to reason ... Within the free market, he who proves the success of his idea gains the rewards of money, ego, good feeling or any other reward ...
In a book titled for the "life and morals" of a religious leader, Thomas Jefferson used a razor and. glue to remove all ... A: Just because consciousness is in the title of some Bernard Baars work doesnt mean its good to clue him.. What do you think ... Third, I think the nth tossup on Bahai, or a feature thereof, tends to reward those who have heard a chunk of the n-1 tossups ... not a Jew but instead an Egyptian of noble birth who adhered to the doctrines of Akhenaten. For 10 points,. what religious ...
... including Nobel Laureates. Download a full list of available titles. ... OSO and the UPSO platform are specifically designed to make your research faster, easier, and more rewarding than ever before. ...
Noble or simple, she would still have no soul; she would still be a perfect type of selfishness. Take my word for it, medical ... Most of my title-deeds had been brought to Paris, from Languedoc, Provence, or le Comtat, by my father, who dreaded, and not ... by a marriage which brought us the estates and titles of the house of dEspard, on condition of our bearing an escutcheon of ... died without being able to reward him; Henri IV. arranged his marriage with Mademoiselle dEspard, and secured him the estates ...
However the so-called predicati - territorial or manorial designations that were often connected to a noble title by use of a ... rewards the actions of units of the armed forces or by soldiers, demonstrating expertise, responsibility and valour. The title ... A few titles are also common in diminutive form as terms of affection for young people (e.g. Principino for "Princekin" or ... The former confers the title dottore; holders of the latter receive the academic title dottore magistrale. Outside of Italy, ...
And nobler is a limited command, Givn by the love of all your native land, Than a successive title, long, and dark, Drawn from ... Titles and names twere tedious to rehearse Of lords, below the dignity of verse.. Wits, warriors, commonwealths-men, were the ... Thus, heaping wealth, by the most ready way Among the Jews, which was to cheat and pray; The city, to reward his pious hate ... Nor shall the rascal rabble here have place, Whom kings no titles gave, and God no grace: Not bull-faced Jonas, who could ...
Tamar Myers , Barnes & Noble. Barnes & Noble - Tamar Myers - Save with New Lower Prices on Millions of Books. FREE Shipping on ... But, thats not what the title of this book refers to, because the title starts with, ". . . and the . . . " like the DuBose - ... Sweet Rewards by Wayne Worcester. A Dr. Watson Mystery Story. Story Foreword: "Wayne Worcesters two mysteries featuring ... He also has thirty-five non-fiction titles.. *SISTER FIDELMA MYSTERIES - PETER TREMAYNE. ...
... including Nobel Laureates. Download a full list of available titles. ... OSO and the UPSO platform are specifically designed to make your research faster, easier, and more rewarding than ever before. ... Title Lists * Awards and Reviews * For Authors * Oxford Scholarship Online turns fifteen ...
... could have been used more in understanding relations between the nobles in the reign, and thereby between the nobles and the ... The final section of this book, therefore, takes the authors conclusions concerning the nature and development of the title ... and the issue of reward, which was in effect more based on past service than future expectation. Overall, Edward I was a king ... if Edward Is relations with his titled nobility are at the core of this book - a relationship quite often, though not always, ...
... this cup comes to you with a noble lineage. Its chain of title is of pure gold. The first link in that chain is the "Song of a ... As far as I have been able to collect them the North Carolina books for the year number 37 titles. These may be grouped as ... The more faithfully and zealously she performs this duty the richer will be her reward in all things that make for the ... this cup comes to you with a noble lineage. Its chain of title is of pure gold. The first link in that chain is the "Song of a ...
  • he promises that the mysterious treatments will be a success and that they'll all walk away with more funding, if not Nobel Prizes. (ign.com)
  • Confusingly, some Chinese emperors styled many or all close male relatives of certain kinds such as brothers, uncles, or nephews as wang, a term for king, using it as a courtesy title. (wikipedia.org)
  • created him earl of Nottingham, a title held by his dead brother, and in 1385 made him marshal of England for life. (wikisource.org)
  • For some years he enjoyed the favour and companionship of the king, but differences arose between them, and in 1387 Nottingham began to act with Thomas of Woodstock, duke of Gloucester, his own brother-in-law, Richard Fitzalan, earl of Arundel, and the party of nobles who wished to deprive the king of his power. (wikisource.org)
  • In 'Fief - France 1429', a player may attempt to gain control of all the villages in a Fief to gain the Royal Title of Baron, Earl or Duke. (kickstarter.com)
  • The AD-1911 republican Xinhai Revolution saw the dissolution of the official imperial system although the new Republic of China government maintained noble titles like the Duke Yansheng. (wikipedia.org)
  • Officially, it was the style to address a noble (as distinct from a reigning) prince (principe) or duke (duca), and their children and agnatic descendants. (wikipedia.org)
  • As a reward he received most of Arundel's lands in Surrey and Sussex, and was created duke of Norfolk. (wikisource.org)
  • In the last post I suggested that nobody should come to these parts looking for insight into the kind of work that was just rewarded with the 2012 Nobel Prize in Physics. (discovermagazine.com)
  • The author finishes with Edward I's use of his earls in war - which he notes, while 'conventional' (p. 80), tended to suffer from the quality of the military leadership among the earls - and the issue of reward, which was in effect more based on past service than future expectation. (history.ac.uk)
  • However the so-called predicati - territorial or manorial designations that were often connected to a noble title by use of a nobiliary particle such as di, da, della, dei, could be resumed as part of the legal surname upon judicial approval for persons who possessed it prior to 28 October 1922 (date of Italian fascism's accession to power). (wikipedia.org)
  • Welcome to 100 Oddities for a Chaotic Mutation , the 13th entry in Skirmisher Publishing's series of "100 Oddities" titles! (rpgnow.com)
  • Sovereigns holding the title of king of an individual state within and without the shifting borders of the Chinese imperium might be fully independent heads of foreign nations, such as the King of Korea who might, in some cases, be subordinate to foreign emperors just as territorial or tribal sovereign Mongol khans might be subject to one of several Khagans or Great khans. (wikipedia.org)
  • His earls, in turn, are not the 'anaemic, helpless' group of men of McFarlane but 'fully rounded and fleshed-out nobles with their own collective and individual traits and interests' (p. 12). (history.ac.uk)
  • Japan will guide you through a shifting cultural maze, and help you make your visit to this important, dynamic, and creative society a rich and mutually rewarding experience. (recordedbooks.com)
  • Since the console's release six months ago, we've already seen two M-rated titles in The Godfather: Blackhand Edition and Far Cry Vengeance. (ign.com)
  • Titles translated in English as "prince" and "princess" were generally immediate or recent descendants of sovereigns, with increasing distance at birth from an ancestral sovereign in succeeding generations resulting in degradations of the particular grade of prince or princess and finally degradation of posterity's ranks as a whole below that of prince and princess. (wikipedia.org)
  • A young adventurer of noble French birth described the fish in his 1703 bestseller whose English title is "New Voyages to North America. (annarborchronicle.com)
  • 33% off bundle contains two licensed BASH Fantasy titles based on the myths and legends of ancient Greece and the surrounding area. (rpgnow.com)